>> REV: ESPEN ØINO ON VARD'S RECORD-BREAKING 182M EXTREME BUILD Behind the 182.6 metre Vard explorer yacht REV, the largest in-build project in the world p.06

>> SAIL AWAY: A REGATTA ROMANCE IN VENICE An idyllic long weekend getaway and a cocktail of competitive sailing p.08

>> NAVIGATING THE FUTURE Investigating the next big developments in sailing p.18

>> SUPER YACHT RACE Maltese Falcon Clinches Overall Victory in Perini Navi Cup p.34

issuE 9


Newspaper Post

Issue 9 >> 02 >> 03


issuE 7



Cover Story

REV:Espen øino on Vard's record-breaking 182m extreme build

We find out why the 182.6 metre Vard explorer yacht REV, the largest in-build project in the world, is

one of the most exciting things happening in the yachting industry


Sail away: A regatta romance in Venice

An idyllic long weekend getaway and a cocktail of competitive sailing



Pride of Malta at Rolex Middle Sea Race

Comanche Raider III - first Maltese boat to finish the annual regatta


Radical 75ft flying monohull ‘could be fastest America’s

Cup design ever’

Follow the 35th America’s Cup with our exclusive reports


Sailing Technology

Navigating The Future

Investigating the next big developments in sailing


PLASTIC OCEANS: MEPs back EU ban on polluting

throwaway plastics by 2021

Euro MEPs legislate new anti=plastic reduction measures

Issue 9 >> 04



Celebrating its eleventh year, the Superyacht Design

Symposium invites the superyachting world to share

and compare concepts and experiences


30 Eco-cruising: The benefits of

bringing an expert on board

Risa Meri, eco expert’s experience, on a chartering

explorer yacht

32 Epic Endeavour: Celebrating the

Journeys of Captain Cook

James Cook set sail from Plymouth 250 years ago and

Erica Wagner chronicles the commemoration


34 Super Yacht Race

Maltese Falcon Clinches Overall Victory in Perini Navi



38 Feature: Are autonomous ships the


It may be full speed ahead with the technology, but

autonomous vessels face slowermoving regulatory


Quote of the Month

“Just about a month from now I'm set adrift, with a

diploma for a sail and lots of nerve for oars.”

-- Richard Halliburton

Editor’s Note

After a ten-year career as a reporter on local and

regional newspapers, I decided to move sideways

and set up our own marine focused PR and marketing

department. Everyone was thrilled to take on the

challenge of taking a new magazine forward and

MAINSAIL was borne from the aspirations and

challenges to come up with something different,

something fresh, something more lively, interactive

and with new high profile interviews and bland


As a keen sailor, coming from a shipping background

and also a yacht enthusiast, I have always had a

strong interest in the marine industry, the companies

involved and the opportunities and challenges

faced by those who work in it and is enjoying the chance to get to know them better.

Following the birth of MAINSAIL, we at MBR Publications Ltd did not look at the past,

but moved forward, despite the many hurdles and unjust criticism levelled at us by

certain unwarranted quarters. Unlike these critics and doomsayers, we do not serve

personal or collective agendas. We beg to differ, even if this comes at a cost. Whatever

it takes, we stand united and undivided against intolerance and injustice, speaking for

and of the truth. We do not serve any political masters.

I’m writing this on a friend’s sailboat in the Birgu Waterfront, surrounded by other

live-aboard cruising vessels that range from 20 to 65 feet in length. Powered by wind,

gasoline, diesel, solar energy or a combination thereof, each boat bobs serenely on a

municipal mooring marina that’s securely screwed into the harbor floor. At least several

hundred other boats are anchored or docked nearby, not counting small runabouts,

commercial fishing trawlers, kayaks, canoes and the little hard- or soft-sided dinghies

that serve as family sedans buzzing to and from the Mother Ships to shore.

Story opportunities are as densely packed as the crab traps that blanket at the Birgu

Waterfront. For the nautically minded writer, opportunities abound wherever mariners

are enjoying their boats – or not enjoying their boats, i.e.: treating stinky waste-holding

tanks, fixing bulky engines or extricating the entangled lines of those pesky crab traps

from propellers. MAINSAIL has weathered the current publishing climate with varying

degrees of success. Some have folded (Spinnaker), some that once paid don’t and some

once-reliables now appear incommunicado.

MAINSAIL has remained afloat, offering decent-to-excellent pay for interviews, sailing

narratives, topical news, featured regattas and races, product reports, boat reviews,

features and technical articles. MAINSAIL will continue to provide the local boats and

yachting industry with its best story-telling accounts, newsfeeds and arguably the best

interviews in the maritime sector. And our team will continue to strive to improve

the publication, welcoming on board any suggestion and recommendations from all

quarters and hands on deck!

We augur everyone peace, serenity, and a prosperous Christmas holidays and a positive

sail-through in 2019.

MAINSAIL is distributed to all major banks, car hire, port authorities, maritime agencies,

financial and maritime law companies, foreign diplomatic representations, transport and

logistics agencies, shipping agents, ship and yacht registration, ship repair and suppliers,

including Creek Developments Ltd, Grand Harbour Marina, Harbour Marina, Kalkara Boat

Yard, La Valletta Club, Malta Maritime Authority, Malta International Airport, Manoel Island,

Mgarr Marina Gozo, Msida & Ta’ Xbiex Waterfront, Passenger Terminals, Portomaso, Valetta

Waterfront, and four/five star hotels.


All rights reserved. No part of this work covered by copyright may be reproduced or copied

and reproduction in whole or part is strictly prohibited without written permission of the

publisher. All content material available on this publication is duly protected by Maltese and

International Law. No person, organisation, other publisher or online web content manager

should rely, or on any way act upon any part of the contents of this publication, whether that

information is sourced from the website, magazine or related product without first obtaining

the publisher’s consent. The opinions expressed in Mainsail are those of the authors or

contributors, and are not necessarily those of the editor or publisher.

Martin Vella

Publisher - MBR Publications Limited

Editor - Martin Vella

Front Cover Photo - BI

Sales Department - Margaret Brincat - Sales Director ww

Art & Design - MBR Design

Advertising - 9940 6743 / 9926 0164


Contributors - Elaine Bunting; Elizabeth Finney; Sam Fortesque; Olivia Michel; Risa

Meri; Alex Spiteri

Special Thanks - Boats International; Susie Goodall Racing; Eqiuom Group; Media

Pro International; World Rowing; World Sailing; Yachting & Boating World; Yachting

Monthly; Ugo Boss/VF Group; UTM-source

Print Production - Printit

Offices - Highland Apartment - Level 1, Naxxar Road, Birkirkara, BKR 9042

Telephone - +356 2149 7814 >> 05

Cover Story: Super Research Yacht



The brief

182.6 metre Vard explorer yacht REV, the largest in-build project in

the world, is one of the most exciting things happening in the yachting

industry right now. Along with the technical innovations she promises, a

large part of REV's appeal is the marine science and research barriers her

owner hopes to break once delivered. As such, talks from her designer

Espen Øino and project manager George Gill will be a key highlight at

the upcoming Ocean Talks. Read on for a preview from Øino.

Ordered in May 2017 by Kjell Inge Røkke’s ocean research company

Rosellinis Four-10 and due to launch in 2020, REV was designed

by superyacht supremo Espen Øino. Her interior will be able to

Issue 9 >> 06

Explorer yacht REV

Cover Story: Super Research Yacht

Venice Regatta

Sail away: A regatta romance in Venice

Elizabeth Finney discovers how a cocktail of competitive sailing, sumptuous

Italian cuisine and spa treatments makes for an idyllic long weekend getaway



Steely waters whip past just within touching distance as the 24 metre

maxi sailing yacht Way Of Life dips sideways. “Three, two, one – l’altra

parte, l’altra parte!” shouts skipper Gaspar Vinčec and both crew and

guests scramble upward to starboard, which is now almost perpendicular

to the waves below. Vinčec weaves her expertly through the Giudecca

Canal, artfully dodging around the other vessels dotted around the

course. After an hour of sprinting around the yacht as she slants over left

and right, I discover a whole new meaning to the term “hiking”.

Sweating profusely on the side of a boat with my hair entangled around

my face was not what I had pictured when I imagined my first weekend

escape to Venice, staying at the iconic Gritti Palace hotel. Located on the

Grand Canal, it was originally built by the Pisani family in 1475 and its

palatial and gothic architecture has long represented status in Venice. In

1525, it became the private dwellings of the then Doge of Venice, Andrea

Gritti, who was followed by numerous noble families before it became

a hotel in 1895. Hours earlier my Venetian dream had been complete

as I sat drinking crisp white wine and devouring marinated salmon

tartare, watching the gondola traffic from its terrace restaurant (where

the service is still worthy of nobility). However, this weekend is deigned

to not just be about the laid-back regality of this city, but also speed and


Twelve maxi yachts are competing in the 2018 Venice Hospitality

Challenge (October 20, 2018), each representing a different Venetian

hotel – Way of Life is racing for The Gritti Palace, in the event’s fifth

edition of the competition. “The basin is very beautiful and Venice is

a wonderful city. In 2016, we won with Way of Life, last year we came

second,” explains Paolo Lorenzoni, general manager of The Gritti Palace;

“Our yacht is very good in light wind, as the other boats are too heavy.”

Inside the Gritti's lavishly decorated Venetian Room. Image courtesy of

The Gritti Palace.

The excitement at the Magazzini del Sale is palpable before the race as

people sip champagne and ready themselves to either watch or partake.

Issue 9 >> 08

It’s a significant spot for sailors – Raul Gardini developed the Moro di

Venezia team here, who won the 1992 Louis Vuitton Cup and competed

in the 28th America’s Cup. The various race teams walk out onto the

Fondamenta delle Zattere to meet their boats and soon I’m speeding on

a tender over the Giudecca towards Way of Life. Designed by Slovenian

nautical architect Andrej Justin, the carbon fibre yacht boasts a maximum

speed of 30 knots.

The regatta stirs up excitement in Venice. Image courtesy of Matteo


Even though the wind is light, the crew career around the yacht ensuring

we make the most of what we have, at the same time dodging other

vessels on the busy canal. In the latter half of the race – after we’ve passed

the third buoy, which is topped with a navy Audi Q8 Mild Hybrid – I

hear shouts as Spirit of Portopiccolo soars towards us, her hull looming

towards our foredeck ominously. Vinčec turns and we avoid a collision

by what feels like centimetres. Despite this setback, we fly across the

finish line in second place and I feel exhilarated as I’m handed an

open bottle of champagne. “It was a little bit uncourteous, but this is

sailing,” says Vinčec afterwards, smiling as I ask him about the Spirit

of Portopiccolo’smove. Vinčec co-owns Way of Life with fellow crew

member Robert Sterpin, and they race together. “This is the third time

I’ve sailed in Venice. It can be a little frustrating, there is not a lot of wind

and a buff can come out of nowhere. You’ve just got to keep calm and

sail. It is a narrow channel so it can be quite a scary place to sail – there

are a lot of small vessels so it can get a little crazy.”

Sailing through the narrow and busy canals of Venice requires serious

skill. Image courtesy of Matteo Bertolin.

The Hotel Excelsior hosts a glamourous post-race dinner, where I spend

the night mingling with Italy’s charming elite in its grand ballroom.

I enjoy perfectly poached northern cod with potato and truffle foam

in a Luxurious Valpolicella sauce while I watch string musicians in

traditional ballgowns and wigs perform. I meet the crew and concierges

Venice Regatta > 09

Venice Regatta

The regatta stirs excitement. Image courtesy of The Gritti Palace..

Riva perched on the canal’s edge, boasting numerous familiar design

features and a dedicated cocktail, featuring white rum, grapefruit, orgeat

syrup and orange bitters. I savor mine, watching the sun sink behind

the Palazzo Da Mula Morosini, casting the Dorsoduro and the famous

Basilica di Santa Maria della Salute into a warm pink light.

It’s not news that Venice is a fabulous place for a superyacht stop-off.

Steeped in history and luxury, it’s the perfect place to enjoy a slower pace

and soak up the culture. But for those who need an adrenaline injection

between all of the city strolls, a race around the canal aboard a nippy

regatta yacht is the perfect addition to the itinerary. I have to agree with

Vinčec’s words: “Venice is Venice, it’s special and I love it.”

Stay: The Gritti Palace, a Luxury Collection Hotel, Campo Santa Maria

del Giglio 2467, 30124 Venice.,

Venice Hospitality Challenge:

Credits: Elizabeth Finney


The Gritti Palace by night. Image courtesy of The Gritti Palace.

Issue 9 >> 10


Satisfying your essential needs out at sea

Cutrico Ltd. Mriehel Bypass, Mriehel, BKR 3000 - Malta. T: +356 2149 8658. +356 2149 8693 E: >> 11

Rolex Middle Sea Race

Pride of Malta at Rolex

Middle Sea Race

Comanche Raider III - first Maltese boat to finish regatta

Comanche Raider III was the first Maltese boat home. Photo: Ray Agius Condachi

Ramon Sant Hill & Jonas Diamantino's Farr 45, Comanche Raider III,

finished the 2018 Rolex Middle Sea Race in an elapsed time of 3 days 15

hours 23 mins 25 secs to become the first Maltese boat to finish the 50th

anniversary race.

“I am proud of the crew and proud of what we did, and so very happy. We

never expected that we were going to do it, but we did. We never gave up,

we just kept going; we have been waiting for this moment for so very long,”

commented Ramon Sant Hill.

“A race boat is not comfortable, we have no interior but we are used to it. I will

always remember the top speed of this race, 23.3 knots. It was a memorable

moment, but I was in pain at the time, as I had been thrown across the deck

and fell on my ribs. The sensation of going that speed makes you very happy.

We have to clean the boat, everything is soaking wet, and after we will have a

big celebration at the Royal Malta Yacht Club!”

The second Maltese boat to cross the finish line was Josef Schultheis & Timmy

Camilleri’s Xp 44, XP-ACT, completing the race in an elapsed time of 3 days

19 hours 11 mins 24 secs.

“We have been doing this race for the last seven years; it is a really solid team

and we are all good friends. That is where our energy comes from,” explained

Schultheis. “We were with Elusive for most of the race, it was a great battle

with a very good team. They are friends of ours, so it was a friendly battle, as

it has been for years. The friendship on board and with Elusive is why we do

this race, and pushes us to perform.”

The Podesta family racing the First 45, Elusive 2, finished the race less than

half an hour behind XP-ACT after nearly four days of boat for boat racing.

Elusive 2 crossed the line in an elapsed time of 3 days 19 hours 37 mins

53 secs. “You need competition to push yourself, and we have pushed each

other,” commented Maya Podesta, referring to the battle in the Maltese fleet.

“Elusive has been optimised, which has made us more competitive, so we can

push harder. It was a really good race; we swapped places a few times. We are

enemies on the water, and friends back on the dock.

"All of the Elusive crew put our heart and soul into the boat, and that is the

reason why we can do what we do. We all have our own things to offer, and

together we make a great team.”

Maltese J/109 Jarhead Young Sailors Malta, skippered by Karl Miggiani and

crewed by teenagers, is the one of last of the Maltese entries still racing. At

1000 CEST on Wednesday, 24 October, the fifth day of the race, Jarhead

Young Sailors Malta was 112 miles from the finish, close to Lampedusa. The

boat reported in that: "We are about to do our last gybe at Lampedusa and

head towards Malta. Long night. Main has small tear and we blew the vang a

second time. Both have temporary repairs.”

The young team are expected to finish the race on Thursday morning. At time

of going to print, out of the 130 starters: 30 boats have completed the course,

27 boats have officially retired, leaving 73 still at sea. MS

Creditline: The Malta Independent

Issue 9 >> 12 >> 13


The 1968 Middle Sea Race by


Condensed by Alex Spiteri

A set of Admiralty charts, a list of lighthouses and RDF stations covering the

whole course, and importantly, predicted currents in the Straits of Messina

for the first week of December, were essential to have on board. Navigation

involved keeping a detailed record of our course and estimated speed, then

plotting our “dead reckoning” position on the chart. Without today’s GPS

Chart Plotters which show your position, course and speed just by pressing a

button, navigation in the sixties was a serious undertaking.

Weather forecasts were difficult to get – reliable ones were quite rare! In fact

you simply had to be prepared and ready for whatever weather you are faced

with. With all these thoughts and worries behind us, we were on the starting

line on the morning of the 30th November, 1968 and with a fresh NW’ly

blowing we made an excellent start. The wind freshened on the beat to round

Gozo, and with San Dimitri lighthouse abeam we set course for Lampedusa, a

good 90 miles of open seas that were soon testing JOSIAN and us in what had

now developed into a full Force 7/8 NW gale-the feared Mistral.

In the early 1960’s the Royal Malta Yacht Club calendar of medium distance

offshore races was limited to Syracuse, Messina, Lampedusa, Tunisia and a

206 mile race to Tripoli which was won by SALUKI a 30 ft Sloop skippered

by the Club Commodore Tabby Zammit Tabona, with Freddy Borda and

myself as crew.

At that time most of the English RMYC club members raced their boats

against a handful of keen Maltese sailors as a result of which a friendly rivalry

developed. During a post race chat at the club bar, someone remarked that

our race results might turn out to be quite different if races were held in the

windier conditions of Autumn – preferably in a long distance offshore race,

similar to the renowned Fastnet. This was a challenge I could not ignore,

though I knew that TAILUK, my lovely 40ft cruising yacht with which I had

very successful results, was hardly suitable to face the conditions expected in

a race in December. However the seeds were sown and RMYC members Alan

Green and Jimmy White took the initiative to plan and develop such an offshore

race – though their original idea was a 520 mile race starting in Malta

and finishing in Syracuse! It was thanks to the objections of my late brother

Paul that this idea was scrapped in favour of a race starting and finishing in

Malta. And so the Middle Sea Race organised by the RMYC in collaboration

with the Royal Ocean Racing Club was launched on the 30thNovember 1968

when 8 boats crossed the starting line to circumnavigate Sicily.

As luck would have it my sailor friend Albert Debarge offered to buy a new

boat for me to compete in the new race. His only condition being that the

boat should be named after his wife – JOSIAN.

He left it to me to choose the boat and I knew that Sparkman & Stephens had

designed a 36ft sloop to be built by Nautor. I flew to Finland, placed an order

for this exciting new Swan which was shipped to Malta in the late spring of

1968. My crew and I spent summer of 1968 getting to know the boat, and

sailing her in all conditions in preparation for the daunting task ahead. We

bought what we thought was enough food and drink for a week for seven

hungry sailors, stowing it all under the floor boards to keep weight as low as

possible and out of the bow or stern of the boat.

Crack of dawn on the 1st December found us within sight of Lampedusa and

to our great surprise Stella Polare was only a few miles ahead with Stormvogel

to leeward of and about to round the island. We had covered the 125 miles

from the start to Lampedusa in the same time as these two “maxis“- which

meant that we must have made a remarkably fast passage during the night –

but we were in a pretty sorry state, everybody wet through, miserable, hungry

and some suffering seasickness! In the horizon astern of us there was no sign

of any of the other competitors, and I estimated that we were certainly leading

the race on corrected time!

Yet we needed a respite from the conditions so I decided it would be wise

to drop anchor in the lee of Lampedusa, dry ourselves, have a hot meal, sort

out the mess below before weighing anchor to resume racing. These couple

of hours gave us the strength and determination to face whatever came our

way. After rounding the SW tip of Lampedusa we found the wind had abated

to a light WSW’ly which diminished to, and remained, very light conditions

all the way to Pantelleria. I could not believe that here we were in December

in the famed Canale di Sicilia in a flat calm, sailing, at times drifting, ever so

slowly to Favignana, Capo San Vito, the Eolian Islands and Stromboli. We

had sailed some 425 miles to just north of Messina before we picked up a fresh

SSE’ly wind which stayed with us right up to Malta, crossing the finish line

191.13 hours after the start!

Naturally both Stormvogel and Stella Polare had finished several hours before

us – but we had beaten them all on corrected time, to be declared winner

of the inaugural Middle Sea Race. Final results showed that we had the best

corrected time at all the reporting positions of the course, Lampedusa, Pantelleria,

Levanzo, Capo San Vito, Stromboli, Messina, Capo Passero though not

at Stromboli. But we had regained the lead again at Messina, then on to Capo

Passero and the finish in Malta.

We were proud and overjoyed with our win – a win for the Royal Malta Yacht

Club, a win for Malta and above all, a win for JOSIAN and my crew… Arthur

Podesta, Paul Micallef, John Fiorini, Andy, Pat Torrance, and Louis Brincat.

Credit: Sport Malta


Issue 9 >> 14




Experience a lifestyle unlike any other.

The Shoreline is a premier destination with a unique

blend of upscale retail and luxury residences.


SMART CITY MALTA RICASOLI MALTA T: +356 2180 8895 +356 9949 7518 >> 15

America’s Cup: ETNZ Monohull


Radical 75ft flying monohull ‘could be fastest

America’s Cup design ever’

by Elaine Bunting

Emirates Team New Zealand has unveiled the new AC75 monohull for the next America's Cup and this incredible

new flying monohull could be faster than the AC50 catamarans.

One of the fastest and most futuristic sailing designs in history has been

unveiled by Emirates Team New Zealand (ETNZ) and challenger of record

Luna Rossa as the class for the next America’s Cup in 2021.

The new AC75 will be a fully flying monohull. Instead of a keel, it has two

canting, ballasted T-foils to provide righting moment and the ability to selfright

the boat in the event of a capsize. Like the catamarans of the last Cup, it

will be able tack and gybe on foils. Early computer modelling suggests it could

be even faster than the AC50 catamarans and look even more spectacular.

It marries some of the best features of the multihulls, such as high speed and

design innovation, to traditional monohull sailing action and manoeuvres.

The new design will be raced by 12 sailors and the animation suggests a

return to traditional grinders (no more ‘cyclors’?). The new design may have a

wingmast and soft sails including a Code 0 for light winds crossovers.






As the video released by ETNZ shows, this is unlike any boat previously

seen. The new design is the result of four months working through different

concepts, led by ETNZ’s design co-ordinator, Dan Bernasconi. The eventual

design was always going to be a monohull because that is what ETNZ had

agreed Luna Rossa in exchange for funding and design tools that assisted their

victory in Bermuda. Continued on pg.24

AC75Emirates Team New Zealand

Issue 9 >> 16 >> 17

Feature: Navigating the Future





Investigating the next big developments in sailing

Ask people about the next big developments in sailing, and there’s a sense that

the industry is holding its collective breath, waiting for the next leap forward

in materials. As naval architect Philippe Briand points out, the carbon fibre

underpinning most of today’s race technology was first developed 30 years

ago. “We need some new development and technology that applies to sailing,”

he says. Jonathan Duval of Future Fibres agrees: “We’ve reached a plateau

where everyone is using carbon.”

Perhaps that is just the point: now that the aircraft and aerospace industries

are using carbon fibre, this could mean innovations will escalate. Marcello

Persico, president of Persico Marine, emphasises that carbon fibre is not just

one material and that the way it is applied – high-modulus pre-preg or an

infused dry layup – makes a big difference in the strength and weight of the

final product. He’s building now for Wally Yachts founder Luca Bassani, who

thinks the next wave is nanotechnology.

Yachts’ 14.14 metre Maverick is the first racing boat built to demonstrate

the technology, and she finished first in her division in the 2018 Newport

Bermuda Race. A 43.3 metre cruising boat designed by Bruce Farr with DSS

is under construction at Baltic.

Keep it flying

Conventional wisdom has always been that a stiff sail creates more lift than a

fabric sail. That’s why the last America’s Cup used rigid wing sails, but these

are deeply impractical for common use, needing to be craned on and off, with

Foils are not just for fencing

The immediate future, then, is all about using the technology currently

available in a more efficient manner. Foils are a great example. The next

America’s Cup will be fought in keel-less 23 metre monohulls with two

swinging T-foils. Lower both foils, and they provide lift to get the boat flying

at slower speeds.

As speed builds, you can raise the windward foil clear of the water, providing

righting moment and reducing wetted surface. Briand wants to make this

technology more accessible to young sailors. He has designed a 6.5 metre

Flyacht that uses the same principles as the radical new AC75, but designed

for hiking out. “Applied to smaller boats, it is more exciting and not too high

budget,” he says. Persico has experience with flying catamarans, having built

the wings, platform and foils for Land Rover BAR in the 2017 Cup. Persico

will be building Luna Rossa’s 2021 Challenge boats as well as supplying the

carbon fibre foil arms for all teams. “I think it will work. It has to work,”

says Persico of the foiling concept. Interestingly, he’s innovating with acoustic

testing developed for Formula 1 parts to pick up weaknesses the eye can’t see

on the AC foil arms. “In automotive (a core part of Persico Group), you don’t

have the luxury of testing the product for a year.”

Expect also to see horizontal foils become more commonplace. “Cruising

boats are too heavy to foil,” says Bassani, a builder who knows a thing or two

about keeping weight out of performance cruisers. “But something like DSS

could make your boat faster and more stable.” DSS, the patented Dynamic

Stability System developed by British naval architect Hugh Welbourn, consists

of a retractable horizontal foil deployed to leeward to create lift amidships.

This reduces the boat’s apparent displacement, making it faster, and provides

righting moment, allowing for a shorter keel. It also reduces pitching. Infinity

Next Technologies' inflatable wing sail

Issue 9 >> 18

Feature: Navigating the Future > 19

Feature: Navigating the Future





OneSails says its 4T Forte sail can be easily recycled because it has eliminated

Mylar film and glue. “The skin is vacuum cured in a heat-activated process

that fuses the components together. Every element in the structure contributes

to shape-holding,” says co-founder Peter Kay. North Sails is looking at a

technology to yield pure polyester from used Dacron sails to make new sails.

“Tests are under way,” says materials technology expert Bill Pearson. “The aim

is to return them to a polymer state at the same grade.”

She's electric

In the next ten years, electric propulsion will skyrocket. Although Li-ion cells

are 2.5 times more efficient than they were in 1995, available lithium-ion

designs are still only one-tenth as energy dense as fossil fuels, but new tech

is always emerging, such as lithium-air – theoretically 40 times better than

lithium-ion cells. Expect to see more yachts with a hybrid system blending

electric and diesel propulsion, like Black Pearl, which produces enough

electricity from her regenerating propeller to cover her entire hotel load under


Plain and simple sailing

Across the spectrum, manufacturers of everything from winches to electronics

are embracing simpler sailing. “And that means less deck gear,” says Thys

Nikkels at Dykstra. Matt Wiss, Harken’s director of global grand prix and

custom yacht sales, agrees: “There’s an overall trend for minimalism, driven

by an obsession with ease of use and eliminating weight. Look at the number

of winches and tracks in the deck layout of an 80ft IOR boat from 25 years

ago.” Alan Davis of B&G adds: “People often think ‘ease of use’ is ‘dumbed

down’, but that isn’t correct: the combination of a simplified user interface

with powerful back-end systems will provide the best of all worlds.” For

instance, always-on web connections on boats mean that weather data will

simply appear on your multifunction display. Systems will update themselves,

and remote servicing will become the norm. “B&G does this already on highend

racing yachts, such as the Volvo Ocean Race yachts,” he adds. MS

Creditline: Boat international/SY

Also new for North Sails this season was a moulded sail product called 3Di RAW 880, developed specifically for the TP52 fleet

North Sails is looking to encapsulate sensors in its moulded carbon 3Di sails to provide the helmsman and trimmers with more data about performance

Issue 9 >> 20



Fabian Enterprises Ltd

18-20 Msida Road, Gzira GZR1401.

Tel: 2131 3283/2132 0845 | E-mail >> 21


EU: Plastic Ocean



Single-use cutlery, cotton buds, straws and stirrers to be banned

· MEPs added oxo-plastics, certain polystyrenes

· reduction measures for plastics where no alternatives available

· measures against cigarette filters and lost fishing gear

Single-use plastic items such as plates, cutlery or cotton buds, making up over

70% of marine litter, will be banned under plans backed in the Environment


Single-use plastic products such as cutlery, cotton bud sticks, plates, straws,

beverage stirrers and balloon sticks will be banned from the EU market from

2021, under draft plans approved on Wednesday by the Environment and

Public Health Committee.

In the report drafted by Frédérique Ries (ALDE, BE), adopted with 51 votes

to 10, with 3 abstentions, MEPs added to this list: very lightweight plastic bags,

products made of oxo-degradable plastics and fast-food containers made of

expanded polystyrene.

National reduction targets

The consumption of several other items, for which no alternative exists, will have

to be reduced by member states in an “ambitious and sustained” manner by

2025. This includes single-use burger boxes, sandwich boxes or food containers

for fruits, vegetables, desserts or ice creams. Member states will draft national

plans to encourage the use of products suitable for multiple use, as well as reusing

and recycling.

Other plastics, such as beverage bottles, will have to be collected separately and

recycled at a rate of 90% by 2025.

Cigarette butts and lost fishing gear

MEPs agreed that reduction measures should also cover waste from tobacco

products, in particular cigarette filters containing plastic. It would have to be

reduced by 50% by 2025 and 80% by 2030.

One cigarette butt can pollute between 500 and 1000 litres of water, and thrown

on the roadway, it can take up to twelve years to disintegrate. They are the second

most littered single-use plastic items.

Member states should also ensure that at least 50% of lost or abandoned fishing

gear containing plastic is collected per year, with a recycling target of at least 15%

by 2025. Fishing gear represents 27% of waste found on Europe’s beaches.

Extended producer responsibility

Member states would have to ensure that tobacco companies cover the costs

of waste collection for those products, including transport, treatment and litter

collection. The same goes for producers of fishing gear containing plastic, who

will need to contribute to meeting the recycling target.


Frédérique Ries (ALDE, BE), rapporteur, said: “Europe is only responsible for

a small part of the plastic polluting our oceans. It can and should, however, be a

key player in finding a solution, leading at a global level, as it has done in the past

in the fight against climate change. Prohibit, reduce, tax, but also replace, warn;

the member states have many options to choose from. It is up to them to choose

wisely and up to us to keep pushing for more. “

Next steps

The report will be put to a vote by the full House during its 22-25 October

plenary session in Strasbourg.


According to the European Commission, more than 80% of marine litter is

plastics. Together they constitute 70% of all marine litter items. Due to its slow

decomposition, plastic accumulates in seas, oceans and on beaches in the EU

and worldwide. Plastic residue is found in marine species – such as sea turtles,

seals, whales and birds, but also in fish and shellfish, and therefore in the human

food chain.

While plastics are a convenient, adaptable, useful and economically valuable

material, they need to be better used, re-used and recycled. When littered, the

economic impact of plastics encompasses not just the lost economic value in the

material, but also the costs of cleaning up and losses for tourism, fisheries and

shipping. MS

Credit: EPO


Grimaldi Group Hybrid RoRo

Issue 9 >> 22

Maritime News

Latest Addition to Malta Maritime Pilots

– Pilot Boat JULIET 1

October 2018



Our Country can be proud of another prestigious recognition assigned to Absolute Yachts from the

London Stock Exchange Group, the company that supervises both London Stock Exchange and

Italy Stock Exchange.

The well-known company based in Piacenza, spokesman of the Made in Italy, has been considered

among the “1000 Companies to Inspire Europe”, in the third edition of the report focused on the

small and medium-sized enterprises not listed on the stock exchange.

A result Pilot Boat achieved Juliet 1 Image thanks courtesy to the of Safehaven dynamism, Marinespirit

of innovation and growth rate, also in terms of

employment, for which Absolute keeps standing out from the crowd.

A major demonstration of how the competitiveness in the nautical, craft and engineering industry

is livelier in Italy, thanks to Absolute, a business world source of inspiration and role model for the

EU economy.

On Friday 30th November the Transport Minister Dr Ian Borg inaugurated

a new pilot boat JULIET 1 to the Malta Maritime Pilots fleet of

pilot vessels.

She was built by Safehaven Marine as JULIET Maritime News (1 was

added in Malta during November Maritime News), the third pilot vessel

to be supplied to Malta by Safehaven. The vessel has an operational speed

of 25 knots, powered by a pair of Scania Dl13 375Kw engines. She’s a

Safehaven Marie Interceptor 48 Class with a 15 metre overall length.

The vessel was designed for dual roles of crew transfer and pilotage and

has seating capacity for up to 14 persons in the main cabin. JULIET 1

is also fitted with a agallery, spacious area, separate heads and electrical

compartment as well as luggage storage and extra berths.

This raises great satisfaction and gratification for the Absolute team, more and more cohesive,

that keeps becoming stronger, to achieve a great joint result, feeling working for a worthwhile

project and for a collective goal. This predisposition has led to an incremental growth that over

the years does not seem to have been slowed down, considering each success as an incentive to

long for new goals. In addition to the awards gained for the products’ quality and design, Absolute

has achieved several international recognitions as a company.

She was shipped to Malta as deck cargo abroad the MPP ship

EEMSLIFT HENDRIKA arriving on Saturday 13th October, with her

agents as O&S Shipping Ltd.


Just in 2018, Absolute has in fact counted different mentions: in January “Export2-Succeed” as

export leader (acknowledgment organized by UPS and L’Imprenditore of Piccola Industria di

Confindustria); and in April among the “500 Champions” of the growth in Italy (report promoted by


the “Corriere della Sera” magazine together with “ItalyPost” company).

Our Country can be proud of another prestigious recognition assigned to Absolute Yachts from the London Stock Exchange Group, the company that supervises both London Stock Exchange

and Italy Stock Exchange.

Italy can be only proud of Absolute, which has become now more than ever an “absolute” source

of inspiration thanks to its perseverance.

The well-known company based in Piacenza, spokesman of the Made in Italy, has been considered among the “1000 Companies to Inspire Europe”, in the third edition of the report focused

on the small and medium-sized enterprises not listed on the stock exchange.

A result achieved thanks to the dynamism, spirit of innovation and growth rate, also in terms of employment, for which Absolute keeps standing out from the crowd.

A major demonstration of how the competitiveness in the nautical, craft and engineering industry is livelier in Italy, thanks to Absolute, a business world source of inspiration and role model

for the EU economy.

This raises great satisfaction and gratification for the Absolute team, more and more cohesive, that keeps becoming stronger, to achieve a great joint result, feeling working for a worthwhile

project and for a collective goal. This predisposition has led to an incremental growth that over the years does not seem to have been slowed down, considering each success as an incentive

to long for new goals. In addition to the awards gained for the products’ quality and design, Absolute has achieved several international recognitions as a company.

Just in 2018, Absolute has in fact counted different mentions: in January “Export2-Succeed” as export leader (acknowledgment organized by UPS and L’Imprenditore of Piccola Industria di

Confindustria); and in April among the “500 Champions” of the growth in Italy (report promoted by the “Corriere della Sera” magazine together with “ItalyPost” company).

Italy can be only proud of Absolute, which has become now more than ever an “absolute” source of inspiration thanks to its perseverance.

Absolute S.p.A.

Via Petrarca, 4, 29027 Podenzano (PC) – Italy

T +39.0523.354011 F +39.0523. .014857 >> 23

America’s Cup: ETNZ Monohull

AC75Emirates Team New Zealand

Continued from pg.16

design was always going to be a monohull because that is what ETNZ had

agreed Luna Rossa in exchange for funding and design tools that assisted their

victory in Bermuda.

“We are really proud to present the concept of the AC75…Our analysis of

the performance of the foiling monohulls tells us that once the boat is up and

foiling, the boat has the potential to be faster than an AC50 both upwind

and downwind. Auckland is in for a highly competitive summer of racing in

2020/2021,” said ETNZ’s CEO, Grant Dalton.

The only other fully funded and confirmed team for 2021, Ben Ainslie’s Land

Rover BAR, was not consulted about the design choice, but were given a

heads-up in recent weeks. The team’s new CEO, Grant Simmer, who most

recently worked with Oracle Team USA, says: “I think we were surprised that

they went for such a bold solution, but we applaud it. It’s a strong technical

challenge but a good call and in the spirit of the Cup.” But he says that

campaigns will not be less expensive. “We anticipate that they will actually

be more expensive,” comments Simmer. With most of the money being spent

on development and salaries, and the sailing teams increasing to supply a race

crew of 12 people, Cup teams might spent even more than the €100 millionplus

that they each laid out for Bermuda.

But one-design elements of the class have been promised, which might make it

easier for new and first-time teams to form for the next America’s Cup and still

be competitive. ETNZ is to announce the full class rule details next March

but has already indicated that the hydraulics, batteries and control hardware

AC75Emirates Team New Zealand

for the foils, for example, could be one-design, with scope for development of

control system software.

ETNZ has also said specifically that fully autonomous autopilot systems for

controlling the position of the foils will not be allowed. Key controls such

as the flaps of the T foils and their cant position will have to be adjusted

manually by crews. The foils will enter the hull topsides and go through a wet

box area, where they will be operated by hydraulic rams that move then in

and out and from vertical to horizontal position. On a traditional monohull

the keel attachment is the area of highest load, but here it will be these foil


Choosing a rotating wingmast and soft sails rather than a wingsail that needs

to be craned on board each time the yacht races is pointed to as having more

‘trickledown’ potential for other areas of sailing. But the decision has also been

taken because once these boats are foiling, the restrictions on speed come from

either foil cavitation or aero drag, and designers believe that it will be easier to

manipulate a soft wingsail to reduce drag.

Although not offshore yachts, they will also be able to race in a wider variety

of sea conditions, including the choppy wind over tide conditions seen in the

Takapuna area of the Hauraki Gulf. Experts believe that it might be possible

to control ride height sufficiently to race, fully foiling, in waves of around 1m.

If designing and building such futuristic boats is a huge set of challenges,

so will racing these beasts. “We are in the early days of modelling, but there

will be big changes in righting moment so manoeuvring will be incredibly

challenging,” observes Grant Simmer. The new design promises to open up

another immense new chapter in foil development and sailing technique. MS

AC75Emirates Team New Zealand

Issue 9 >> 24

Boat Show > 25

SY Symposium


The eleventh edition of the Superyacht Design Symposium will take

place from 27 – 29 January 2019. We are delighted to announce that the

event will be hosted in a brand new location: Cortina d’Ampezzo in Italy.

This year’s theme focuses on ‘Defining Innovation’. Innovation is a word

often used in the design, superyacht and luxury worlds; with the help of

our impressive line-up of speakers, we will attempt to define what it really


Join 400 of the world’s leading superyacht designers, shipyard CEOs and

industry figures, along with yacht owners and representatives from the

wider luxury world for a thought provoking, challenging and entertaining


Boat International Media would like to thank title sponsors Riva and

Perini Navi, additional event partners: Oceanco, Design Centre Chelsea

Harbour, Videoworks, Clyde & Co, Azimut Benetti, CRN and Sabrina

Monte-Carlo and ski cup partners Perini Navi, Moncler and Technogym

for their support.

About the Superyacht Design

Symposium 2019

Celebrating its eleventh year, the Superyacht Design Symposium invites

the superyachting world to share and compare concepts and experiences,

stimulating authoritative and, at times, controversial debate.

Innovation will be at the heart of the 2019 Superyacht Design

Symposium. Innovation is a word often used in the design, superyacht

and luxury worlds; with the help of our impressive line-up of speakers,

we will attempt to define what it really means, where should it be

applied, and, importantly, who is really achieving it – and how?

The event is accompanied by an exciting social programme, providing the

opportunity to network with other attendees in an informal, relaxed and

fun environment. Our guests establish new relationships and reinforce

existing links at one of the superyacht industry’s most important events.

The Boat International Design & Innovation Awards and the Young

Designer of the Year Award will take place on the first night, ahead of the

Symposium, celebrating excellence in the industry from both newcomers

and established brands.

The Boat International Design & Innovation Awards focus directly on

the fundamentals of superyacht design such as naval architecture, exterior

design and interior layout, and bring the specialist skills of the industry’s

most talented teams into the spotlight. This year the Awards will put

greater emphasis on innovation, highlighting companies and individuals

challenging the norm.

The Young Designer of the Year Award tasks young designers with a

realistic client request to challenge their ideas, technical ability and

capacity to deliver a truly imaginative, yet practical, solution. MS

The biggest names in superyacht design are joined by experts from the

wider luxury community for two days of discussion on key trends within

the yachting industry and everything beyond.

Creditline: Boats International

Issue 9 >> 26

Superyacht Design Symposium – Cortina

America’s Cup

Marine Conservation

Sunseeker launches Project Menorca

with the Blue Marine Foundation

After announcing its partnership with the Blue Marine Foundation at the

Cannes Yachting Festival 2017, British boat builder Sunseeker has launched

its first major ocean conservation campaign with the charity. Project Menorca

will see Sunseeker and Blue team up with a number of local organisations,

such as the Menorca Preservation Fund, to help tackle the numerous pressures

facing the island’s marine environment.

The land mass of Menorca became a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 1993

and boasts a marine reserve in the north of the island but, without proper

regulation and policing, fish populations and other marine life have been

severely affected by illegal and unregulated fishing, tourism, climate change

and plastic pollution. While change is in progress thanks to an appeal to

extend the Biosphere Reserve to the ocean and establish new protected areas,

there is still much to be done to tackle the island’s issues.

“When I came to Menorca

I was amazed by the amount of big fish here as they don’t exist elsewhere

in the Mediterranean,” explained Rory Moore, senior project manager at

the Blue Marine Foundation, of the project’s location choice. “Menorca has

a marine protected area but it isn’t being properly monitored. With a new

protected area announced and the planned expansion of the Biosphere, now

seems like the perfect time for Blue and Sunseeker to step in and help local

organisations. The seas around Menorca could be an example of recovery that

can be rolled out across the Mediterranean.”

Among its numerous activities, Project Menorca will work with local fishing

associations to create models for sustainable fishing, recruit on-water rangers

to help monitor fishing activity, establish eco-moorings to minimise anchor

damage to delicate seagrass beds, work to remove plastics and abandoned

fishing nets from the seas around Menorca and encourage the use of

biodegradable and reusable shopping bags across the island.

“After launching our partnership with Blue in 2017 we have now chosen

the Balearics for our first joint project because, as a key boating area for

our owners, we felt it would really resonate with them,” said Simon Clare,

marketing director at Sunseeker. “We are hoping what we do here will make

a real difference. We are starting in Menorca but eventually we want to spread

the message around the world to all yacht owners. If we don’t do something

quickly the next generation of yacht owners won’t be able to enjoy the

beautiful ocean environment we have today.”






In addition to the launch of Project Menorca, Sunseeker will also be

supporting the work of Blue through the Blue Marine Yacht Club. Sunseeker

owners can choose from BMYC’s three membership levels with all money

raised donated to support the work of Project Menorca. Depending on their

level, members will have the opportunity to take a guided tour of the activities

taking place in Menorca or even have the chance to name one themselves.

“We are passionate about the marine environment worldwide. Our luxury

yachts have been crafted so that Sunseeker owners can enjoy them to their

fullest potential, wherever they may be," added Phil Popham, CEO of

Sunseeker. “We strive to be global leaders in all that we do and it’s important

to us that we also do our part of help protect one of our most valuable

resources, so that we – and future generations – can all continue to enjoy our

precious time on the water. Our partnership with Blue provides this focus

and will lead to other projects worldwide.”

The find out more about Project Menorca and how you can get involved visit MS

Credit: Sunseeker; Project Mebrca; Boat interntional

Sunseeker and Blue have chosen Menorca as the location of their first joint project

Issue 9 >> 28

Rowing Overview

History of Rowing & Rowing Regattas in Malta

According to Joseph Serracino (2010), documents show that the regatta

regatta as we now know it was introduced in 1822, to celebrate the feast of

Our Lady of Victories, when cash prizes and linen flags (palju) were awarded.

At the turn of the twentieth century boat races were very common on feast

days, particularly in towns surrounding Grand Harbour. The historian Pietru

Pawl Castagna (1865, 1890), in his voluminous encyclopaedic treatise on

Malta and „Malteseness‟ (Malta bil Gzejer Tahha u li Ghadda Min Ghaliha)

refers to the Victory regatta as having four different events: the four-oared

fishing boats, the two-oared, four-oared passenger boats, and the four-oared

caiques. Besides the „palju‟, cash prizes were given to the first three winners

in each category. These four races were keenly contested for the winning


The traditional Maltese rowing style predates the reestablishment of the

Olympic Games as we now know them. It may be considered as a hybrid

between the rowing styles practiced in the UK, particularly in the South West

of England, and Italy, which, over the years, became practically unique to


The format and regulations related to the National Regatta rowing races is

heavily guarded through appropriate regulations and legislation. For example,

in August 1975, the Malta Government Gazette published a set of rules for

the races to be held in September. Most of these regulations, including a set

of specifications for the boats, are still in use nowadays although some minor

organisation founded in 2015. This present Club aspires to re-establish the

culture of rowing within the University of Malta, a tradition which used

to be very strong up to the 1980’s. The club is registered with Sport Malta,

SM/O 030 and is enrolled with the Office of the Commissioner of Voluntary

Organisations, VO/1358.

The scope of our Club is to promote rowing in all all its forms within

the University of Malta community. We provide training to rowers and

participate in the national and international rowing events. We try to

significantly improve the rowing experience of our athletes by creating an

environment where students can enjoy their sport and at the same time

develop their teamwork and leadership skills through sport in a relaxed yet

semi-competitive environment.

The Club is working hard to introduce Olympic style sliding-seat rowing

in Malta. For this purpose, the Club has acquires two 8+ boats from the

University of Oxford’ Exeter College Boat Club with help received from

FISA. These are the first Olympic style rowing boats which have been

acquired by a rowing club in Malta.

If you wish to get in contact with our Club,

technical regulations (e.g. those related to permitted distances for overtaking)

were updated over the years.

At present in the National Regatta races, held annually on the 31st March

(Freedom Day) and the 8th September (Festa tal-Vittorja), rowers compete

in two categories; Category A and B where, at least on paper, Category A is

intended to be for the professional rowers whilst Category B is intended for

the less experienced participants. In practice, since races are only held twice a

year, there is a great level of competition in both of these categories.

The traditional Maltese rowing style and form is currently the subject of a

study by the University of Malta through a project running under the auspices

of the Faculty of Heath Sciences. For further information about this project

one may contact Tonio P. Agius, John Xerri de Caro or Joseph N Grima.

The University of Malta Rowing Club (affiliated with Malta Rowing

Association), is a University of Malta Senate recognised student

Malta Indoor Rowing


The 2018 Malta National Indoor Rowing Championships and Malta

International Indoor Rowing Championships, sanctioned by Malta Rowing

Association, will be held on Saturday 17th November 2018. Further details

on the 2018 event are available here. To participate, please register online.

Earlier events:

§ 2017 Malta National Indoor Rowing Championships

§ 2016 Malta National Indoor Rowing Championships

§ 2015 Malta National Indoor Rowing Championships

The Malta Indoor Rowing banner/logo is the work of art of Jean Paul Grech

References: J. Serracino

MS >> 29

Eco Cruises

Eco-cruising: The benefits of bringing an expert on board

By Risa Merl

If you own or are chartering an explorer yacht this season, it can pay huge

dividends to bring an eco-expert on board and learn while you cruise, says

Risa Merl...

What’s the must-have that should appear on every yacht owner and charterer’s

eco wish list? An expert who will educate everyone on board in how to make

as little impact on the oceans as possible. Working with a true specialist will

not only ensure that your favourite cruising grounds are kept safe, but also

improve your trip tenfold.

Companies such as EYOS Expeditions, whose staff have diverse backgrounds

spanning everything from botany to marine biology, can send experts on

board to work with owners and guests (arranging eco-themed tours to understand

an area better) or will consult with captains and crew on how best to

protect cruising grounds.

EYOS Expeditions can send experts on board to work with owners and guests

It’s recommended for peace of mind, too: those travelling without a sustainability

consultant can easily contravene laws and cause major harm to the

environment. In Antarctica last year, a dog left the yacht it was on and got

a little too close to penguins and seals – a non-native species in a pristine

environment could wipe out an entire penguin colony. EYOS instructs guests

to wash their feet in Virkon disinfectant before getting on and off the boat so

there’s no chance of disease being transported.

“You need to make sure you are not stressing [animals] out or doing anything

in violation of local laws,” says Ben Lyons, EYOS CEO, who recalls an incident

when visitors to the Arctic approached a walrus in a harmful way. “Not

treating these animals with the utmost care could lead to legal action against

guests or crew,” he says. Being respectful and upholding the reputation of the

yachting community also makes it easier for yachts to visit in the future.




Great care must be taken when cruising in pristine environments

Having good guides on board can make the cruising experience more enriching.

In the Maldives, EYOS partners with a leading manta ray researcher for

diving trips, granting “an extra level of insight and appreciation you’d otherwise

never have”, says Lyons. On board personal visits from climate change

experts can also be arranged, giving guests lectures on how they can make a


Owing to demand from clients, EYOS is announcing its new Conservation

Initiatives, managed by expedition leader Justin Hofman. The programme

will connect owners with conservation projects in cruising grounds all over

the world.

EYOS partners with conservation experts around the world

Marine biologist and dive instructor Rodolphe Holler, founder of Tahiti Private

Expeditions, goes on board with owners and charterers to run courses on

marine life. When diving, he recommends not to touch anything (dead or

alive), to kill only the fish you are going to eat and not to practise catch and

release because many fish don’t survive the trauma. “A local guide will know

which species shouldn’t be consumed because they are endangered, and which

are safe to eat,” he says. “Coral trout, for example, can have a toxin called ciguatera.

I once visited a boat where the crew had just eaten a bunch and they

all got sick. I missed warning them by about an hour!” MS

Credit: Boat international

Issue 9 >> 30

Marine Lubricants

Historical Chronicle



James Cook set sail

from Plymouth 250

years ago and his

voyages are being

commemorated far

and wide, says Erica



the Journeys of

Captain Cook

David Attenborough has called him “the greatest seagoing explorer of all

time”. His 18th century voyages allowed the southern hemisphere, and tracts

of the Pacific Ocean, to be painted on to European maps. James Cook set sail

on Endeavour, a Whitby-built collier, on 26 August 1768. As historian Peter

Moore writes in his new book, Endeavour, “there had never been a ship like

her in the Royal Navy before. With the most commonplace of attributes,

she would go on to become the most significant ship in the history of British

exploration.” There were 94 people aboard, “including Officers Seamen

Gentlemen and their Servants”, as Cook wrote in his journal. She carried

provisions for 18 months. It was the beginning of one of humankind’s greatest


other man has been before me, but as far as I think it is possible for man to

go,” Cook wrote in his journal in January 1774, only a few days after his ship

crossed the Antarctic Circle for the third time. He would be proved wrong –

but only after centuries had passed, when humans finally hurtled out of the

atmosphere, heading for the Moon.

Endeavour: The Ship and the Attitude that Changed the World, by Peter

Moore, £20,;Oceania, 29 September to 10 December,;


Source: Boat international; Wikipedia

Cook’s three voyages of discovery ended in 1779, when he was killed in a

confrontation with some indigenous inhabitants of Hawaii. Commemorating

his achievements in the 21st century is complex. One of the most famous

depictions of him is E Phillips Fox’s 1902 painting, Landing of Captain Cook

at Botany Bay, 1770 – an image of the “founding” of colonial Australia, in

which Cook stands front and centre, arm outstretched as if blessing the land.

It was reproduced in the catalogue of the British Library’s recent exhibition,

James Cook: The Voyages; but on the next page another painting appears. By

Daniel Boyd, an Australian artist of Aboriginal heritage, the 2006 canvas We

Call Them Pirates Out Here reworks Fox’s painting: a skull is superimposed

on the Union flag and Cook wears a black eyepatch.

Cook’s accomplishments with carefully revised perspectives on them. But

there is no denying Cook’s voyages were central in opening up the world.

From Tierra del Fuego to New Zealand, Tahiti to Easter Island, the north

Pacific to Hawaii – Cook and his men demonstrated that trade and travel were

possible at any distance. And thanks to the remarkable artists who travelled

with him – Alexander Buchan, Sydney Parkinson and William Hodges, who

made the first known oil painting of the Antarctic continent – Europeans were

given astonishing insight into all that Cook had seen and, in the parlance of

the day, “discovered”.

But one man’s discovery is another’s conquest. Cook had been ordered “to take

possession of Convenient Situations in the Country in the name of the King

of Great Britain”. That “possession” has had a lasting legacy. There is, however,

more than one way to mark an anniversary. Oceania, which opened at London’s

Royal Academy in September, brings together hundreds of works, spanning

more than 500 years – from shell, greenstone and ceramic ornaments

to canoes and house façades: a vibrant display of the sophisticated cultures

Cook encountered on his travels. And in 2019, a national commemoration is

planned in New Zealand. Tuia Encounters 250 will mark the first meetings

between Māori and Europeans.

Cook’s map of New Zealand is on display at the British Library – it remains

remarkable for its accuracy. “Ambition leads me not only farther than any

David Attenborough has called Captain Cook “the greatest seagoing

explorer of all time”. Picture courtesy of Creative Commons.

Smerelda in Porto Cervo

Issue 9 >> 32


Dusseldorf Boat Show

SY Race

Maltese Falcon Clinches Overall

Victory in Perini Navi Cup

by Stewart Campbell

Three bullets in three races powered 88 metre Maltese Falcon to overall

victory in the seventh edition of the Perini Navi Cup, held at the Yacht Club

Costa Smerelda in Porto Cervo.

The triple-masted DynaRig yacht topped the eight-strong Corinthian Spirit

class, ahead of 52 metre Tamsen in second and recently refitted Spirit of the

C's in third. In the four-strong Cruiser Racer class, which allowed yachts to

fly spinnakers, 50 metre Silencio took victory ahead of Seahawk and Victoria

A. The Perini Navi Cup was held at the Yacht Club Costa Smerelda in Porto


The event, of which Boat International is a proud media partner, saw 21

Perini Navi yachts crowd the dockside in Porto Cervo, a spectacular turnout

and well ahead of the 16 yachts that took part in the event when it was last

run in 2015. “I would like to thank everyone who took part in this edition

of the Perini Navi Cup," said Lamberto Tacoli, chairman and CEO of Perini

Navi. "Our special thanks to the shareholders and the entire Perini Navi team

who made this edition really special."

Maltese Falcon dominated each day's racing

After placing fifth in the 2015 Perini Cup, Maltese Falcon was on a mission to

improve her placing at this edition – and totally dominated each day's racing.

Wind speeds of 18-21 knots on the first day and long downwind legs suited

the super-sailor. Day two was much lighter, with breeze of 7 knots dying away

throughout the day. But with her long waterline length, Maltese Falcon was

able to move through the fleet after starting second to last. Day three proved

the windiest of all, with the course shortened as wind speeds touched 27

knots, but Maltese Falcon was still able to cross the finish line five minutes

ahead of second place finisher Blush.

Boat International is a media partner of the event

A superb social programme accompanied each day's racing, including wine

tasting from Marchesi Antinori and a cocktail event courtesy of Vhernier, but

the highlight was undoubtedly the yacht hop after the second day's racing,

which saw A Dock crowded with hundreds of people as yachts welcomed

guests on board. The all-important cocktail competition, judged during

the yacht hop, was won by 40 metre Principessa VaiVia. A superb social

programme accompanied each day's racing

Speaking at the conclusion of the event, YCCS Commodore Riccardo

Bonadeo said: “This has been a unique edition, the characteristic Costa

Smeralda weather conditions allowed us to complete the full racing schedule

with three consecutive days of competition, allowing the Perini Navi yachts

to perform at their best. "I would like to thank our friends Lamberto Tacoli

and Edoardo Tabacchi for this collaboration which has allowed us, in all seven

editions, including this one, to organise a highly successful event – the perfect

blend of spectacle on the water and ashore. Thanks to the owners and all the

sailors who gathered in Porto Cervo this September and thank you to the

International Jury, the Race Committee and the staff for their essential and

invaluable work”.


Credit: Boat International

The Perini Navi Cup was held at the Yacht Club Costa Smerelda in Porto Cervo

Issue 9 >> 34

B-Yachts back on the market with

Luca Brenta Yachts

B-Yachts > 35

Auto Luxury Review

Winning formula: Inside the new Aston Martin Vantage

The Aston Martin V8

The Vantage has powered Aston Martin into profit, says Simon de Burton,

and the new model is just priceless...

The late Victor Gauntlett, chairman of Aston Martin in the early 1980s,

famously said that the way to make a small fortune from the business would

be to “start with a large one”. In Aston’s case, it was an appropriate remark: the

firm has weathered a litany of economic crises, bankruptcies and ownership

changes since its founding in 1913 (in 1982, for example, it produced just

30 cars).


Engine: Four litre, V8 twin turbo

Power: 503bhp

Top speed: 195mph

Price: Euros 137,000

Things began to look up in 2005, however, with the introduction of the

V8 Vantage (and a later, V12-engined option) that accounted for 25,000

sales during its 12-year production run and was instrumental in keeping

Aston Martin afloat to the point that, a few months ago, it was finally able

to announce a profit.

So the pressure is firmly on the car’s replacement, the new Vantage pictured

here, to prove a success. It features a custom-designed, bonded aluminium

chassis and carries a twin-turbo, four-litre, 503bhp V8 engine supplied by

Mercedes-AMG that drives through an eight-speed, ZF automatic paddleshift

transmission (although hard-driving enthusiasts will be pleased to hear

that a manual gearbox option is on the way).

Aston Martin fans will know that the “Vantage” label (first used in 1951 on a

souped-up version of the DB2) is reserved for the marque’s sportiest offerings:

the latest car to carry it certainly lives up to expectations, with a 195mph top

speed and a respectable 0-to-60mph time of around 3.5 seconds. What makes

this car special, however, is a combination of huge torque, pinpoint steering

and sharp handling that mean it’s sufficiently practical to tackle everything

from a cross-town commute to a trans-continental tour, while still being a

complete hoot along a twisting B road.

A policy introduced with the DB11 in 2016 of offering just three dynamic

settings has been continued with the Vantage, meaning you get Sport, Sport

Plus and Track. These not only enhance the character of the Vantage, but also

make it easier to develop an affection for it. It also has a fabulous, baritone

exhaust growl that can be heard from the cockpit, which, while being richly

upholstered in the best Aston tradition, has a distinctly sports car feel.

It might not be the car to make that elusive “large fortune” that Gauntlett

spoke of but I reckon it could just prove to be the most successful Aston ever.

And yes, I love it. MS

The Aston Martin Vantage interior

Issue 9 >> 36

Ocean Exploration and Restoration

Aquatica Submarines creates ocean foundation

ahead of dive with Richard Branson

by Olivia Michel

The Aquatica Foundation will support a dive into the Belize Blue Hole. Image courtesy of Shutterstock

Vancouver-based Aquatica Submarines has announced the launch of its new

ocean conservation charity, the Aquatica Foundation. The NGO has been

created with the purpose of contributing to ocean exploration and restoration,

as well as furthering education about the ocean and marine life by bringing

together global experts to share knowledge and support marine events.

The news, which was announced by Aquatica president and CEO Harvey

Flemming on October 2018, comes in the run up to the company’s expedition

to the Belize Blue Hole which is being carried out in conjunction with Richard

Branson and the Fabien Cousteau Society. The landmark project hopes to

reach the bottom of the famous landmark and the company’s Stingray 500

model submarine will be one of two vessels on the voyage to the UNESCO

world heritage site, located in the Belize Barrier Reef. The submarine, which

can carry one pilot and two passengers, will be heading 420 feet into the

depths of the ocean sinkhole. Located 40 miles from the shores of Belize City

and stretching 1,043 feet in diameter, the Blue Hole is considered one of the

top dive sites in the world.

Supporting the dive as the lead not-for-profit organisation will be the charity’s

first act toward achieving its objectives. The mission will be an opportunity

to not only collect scientific data but also raise awareness about ocean

conservation by live streaming imagery of the dive and what it finds to the

public. Through exploration of this area the project expects to contribute to

the mapping of our oceans, of which so far only 5% has been charted.

Aquatica Submarines' Stingray 500 will participate in the dive

Empire Group. Richard Branson, founder of Ocean Unite, and aquanaut

and documentary maker Fabien Cousteau will make up members of the

expedition team.

The Aquatica Foundation has plenty more to look forward to after Belize,

with an expedition to the British Virgin Islands already planned for 2019.


The expedition will take place in partnership with fellow NGOs Ocean Unite,

Oceanic Global, Oceana, the Fabien Cousteau Ocean Learning Center, and

Belize Audubon Society as well as commercial sponsors Weeks Abroad and >> 37

Feature: Are autonomous ships the future?

Are autonomous ships the future?

It may be full speed ahead with the technology, but autonomous vessels face slowermoving

regulatory checks

According to Rolls-Royce Marine, by 2030 autonomous ships will be a

common sight on the oceans. Last month the firm teamed up with Mitsui

O.S.K. Lines (MOL) in a demonstration test on a ferry serving Japan’s Seto

Inland Sea route equipped with its intelligence awareness system.

“Sunflower ferry operates in some of the most congested waters in the world

and will provide an opportunity to test rigorously Rolls-Royce’s intelligent

awareness system,” says MOL director Kenta Arai. “This can give our crews

an enhanced decision support tool, increasing their safety and that of our


This encapsulates the state of autonomous shipping at present, as there are

paramount concerns about safety, and rigorous testing to ensure decisionmaking

can be sufficiently robust to ensure conformity with the law and

regulations of the sea.

In the short term, we are likely to see automated technologies and reduced

crew on board for some manoeuvres, particularly short distances, and the

desire to innovate will continue apace.

Iiro Lindborg, Rolls-Royce general manager of remote and autonomous

operations, says: “The intelligence awareness system forms part of our ongoing

development of autonomous ships, but we decided to make the technology

available today as it offers real benefits to the existing shipping environment.

It is undoubtedly one of the most significant advances made to date in terms

of ship navigation safety. It provides bridge personnel with a much greater

understanding of the ship’s surroundings.”

Autonomous ships not quite on the horizon yet

However, Maersk chief executive Søren Skou has cast doubt on just how far

and how fast matters will progress. Mr Skou does not see much advantage in

taking the last few people off the vessel, even if commercial reasons and the

technology suggested otherwise.

“I don’t expect we will be allowed to sail around with 400-metre-long

container ships weighing 200,000 tonnes without any human beings on

board,” he says. “I don’t think it will be a driver of efficiency, not in my time.”






Rolls-Royce’s autodocking system automates the first and last phases

of crossings, with various sensors that assess proximity to harbour


The pros and cons of autonomous shipping technology

Get it right and there are certainly benefits ahead for the industry. Isolated

islands could be served, inhospitable routes navigated and remote areas

accessed, much of it with diminished risk to seafarers. As 80 per cent of

accidents are human error, autonomous ships offer safer solutions than

crewed ships. However, risk in shipping will remain; it’s just that the risk

Issue 9 >> 38

Feature: Are autonomous ships the future? > 39


Remembering superyacht owner Paul Allen

through his most famous expeditions

by Miranda Blazeby

There are many ways to remember Paul Allen, who died on Monday October

15 from recurring Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Co-founder of Microsoft,

owner of the Seattle Seahawks sports team, talented musician and reported

creator of the two-button mouse, Allen also reportedly donated a total of

$1bn to charitable causes. Among his eclectic tapestry of interests was his

superyacht portfolio, which consisted of the 126.2 metre Lurssen explorer

Octopus, 92.4 metre Nobiskrug motor yacht Tatoosh and most recently the

76.5 metre expedition vessel Petrel.

Here we remember Allen through some of his most memorable adventures as

an expedition enthusiast.

10 hits from torpedo planes to send it to the bottom, according to the US

Navy. Allen was quick to share video footage showing the vessel for the first

time since her disappearance.

Paul Allen's research team aboard Octopus locates the wreck of the Japanese

World War Two warship Musashi

HMS Hood

In August that year, Allen’s team aboard Octopus succeeded again and successfully

recovered the ship’s bell from HMS Hood. The vessel sank in a matter

of minutes in the Denmark Strait after it was hit by a German shell. The

bell was restored and later presented to the Royal Navy. Nine months after

its recovery it was unveiled by Princess Anne at the National Museum of the

Royal Navy to mark the 75th anniversary of HMS Hood's sinking.




Discovery of Musashi

In March 2015, Allen’s research team onboard Octopus discovered the wreckage

of the one of the biggest warships of the Second World War, the Japanese

battleship Musashi. The discovery came eight years after Allen's team began

the search for the warship. Musashi_ _was found lying on the seabed 1,000

metres down, in the Sibuyan Sea off the coast of the Philippines. The warship

sunk in October 1944 following a four-hour battle with Allied forces – it took

USS Indianapolis

Following the HMS Hood and Musashi expeditions, Allen bought the research

vessel Petrel in 2016. After locating the World War Two destroyer Artigliere

in March 2017, Allen’s team discovered the USS Indianapolis just

months later in August. The ship was discovered 5,500 metres below the surface,

on the floor of the North Pacific Ocean. The ship had just completed a

highly secret mission delivering parts of "Little Boy", the first nuclear weapon

to be used in combat, to a US Army base on the island of Tinian. It was on its

way back in the final days of World War Two when it was struck by a torpedo

released by a Japanese submarine. It sank in just 12 minutes. A total of 300

people died as the ship sank while the remaining 900 faced dehydration, exposure

and shark attacks until they were discovered four days later.

The USS Indianapolis was found in August 2017 by Allen's research vessel


USS Lexington and USS Juneau

In March this year, Petrel’s research team discovered both the USS Lexington

and USS Juneau. The USS Lexington was found where she sank; in the Coral

Sea. Meanwhile the wreckage of the USS Juneau was found 4,200 metres

down on the floor of the south pacific, off the coast of the Solomon Islands.

The USS Juneau reportedly sank in 30 seconds after she was hit by Japanese

torpedoes in November 1942. The sinking resulted in the deaths of 687 people

on board, including the five Sullivan brothers, who had insisted they serve

together on the same ship. As a result of their deaths, the US adopted the Sole

Survivor policy, which excused the sole surviving child or a child whose family

has sustained a combat related death from serving in active duty. MS

Credit: Boats international

Issue 9 >> 40

Malta Maritime Summit

Maritime News

Malta pays tribute to first women

master mariners

Inside Cantiere Rossini's journey to becoming

one of the best refit yards in the world

Maltese government officials joined with Wista representatives to celebrate

the first five women in the country to gain their master’s certificates, in

a ceremony at this week’s Malta Maritime Summit. Transport minister

Ian Borg said more must be done to increase the number of women in

seafaring, which has lagged behind shore-based maritime jobs in gender


Transport minister Ian Borg pledges empowerment of more women in maritime

industry after hailing first five captains as trail-blazers Malta has paid tribute to

its first five women masters — four of whom, Captains Abigail Xerri, Carmen

Darmanin, Jacqueline Spiteri and Laura Falzon, were ashore to participate in

the ceremony.

FIVE female master mariners, the first women to reach this rank in Malta, have

been celebrated by the Maltese government and representatives of the shipping

industry. “The achievement of Malta’s first group of female master mariners is

to be considered a pivotal moment for Malta’s rich maritime tradition,” said

the country’s transport minister, Ian Borg. Presenting mementoes to four of the

ship’s masters — Captains Abigail Xerri, Carmen Darmanin, Jacqueline Spiteri

and Laura Falzon — Dr Borg described them as “trail-blazing captains” who

had been able to break down rigid gender roles in the industry.

The fifth master mariner, Pauline Bonnici, was unable to participate in the

ceremony, held in conjunction with the Malta Maritime Summit, because she

was at sea. The five masters have been serving as captains commanding a variety

of Maltese tonnage, including ferries, tankers and containerships.

Speaking on behalf of the five, Capt Falzon said she had embarked on her first

ship at the age of 17 and she described how initial feelings of homesickness

had given way to an appetite for the oceans’ endless horizons. “It has not been

an easy task. We have stood up against a number of odds,” said Capt Falzon.

“The work and stormy weather in fact have been the easiest of the obstacles

to overcome. We had to prove ourselves to people who think that a woman

has no place being on a boat. But the old mentality seems to be changing and

becoming a thing of the past. This recognition makes us feel proud,” she said.

“The picture [in shipping] is not completely bleak,” said Dr Borg. “Woman

are well-represented in shore-based industry jobs. It has been seafaring that

lags behind with women representing a small percentage of the world seafaring

community. “My duty is now to ensure that more women are empowered in

the maritime industry, which is an important industry for our country,” he said.

The women were congratulated by Despina Panayiotou Theodosiou, president

of the Women’s International Shipping & Trading Association (Wista). Ms

Theodosiou said that the first ever female master gained her first command in

1935, yet the seafaring profession remained “nearly unknown” to women. A

lack of role models contributed to women seeing the profession as unfriendly,

but this was slowly changing. “We need to encourage treating the job at sea

the same as shore-based jobs and to make sure that the atmosphere on board is

more conducive,” she said. MS

It was three years ago when a group of international investors came together

to plug over €15 million into the Cantiere di Pesaro shipyard in Italy, which

had long stood bankrupt. They promptly renamed it Cantiere Rossini after

the world renowned 19th century Italian opera composer who was born

nearby and set about transforming the site into a luxury refit shipyard for


The first step was constructing the glamourous palm tree lined dock and

fitting shore power connections and in-built piping to collect grey and

black water.

By the time the Cantiere Rossini opened for the first time in 2016, the yard

had a new lease of life. It enjoyed a busy debut season, welcoming three

superyachts for maintenance work. But this ambitious project was only just

getting started.

The yard first opened in 2016 and is now entering its next stage of development

In July this year, the yard opened a number of new quays and unveiled a

560-tonne travel lift. Meanwhile, a number of buildings were demolished

to make way for a 15,000 square metre hard standing surface. Thanks to

an additional investment of €25 million, Cantiere Rossini will soon begin

its next stage of development; constructing two 70 metre painting sheds,

new offices and a crew village comprising a gym, wellness centre, swimming

pool and pub, as well as apartments to accommodate visiting crew.

The shipyard can now accommodate 10 large yachts in all weather conditions

and has 24/7 security and CCTV cameras for peace of mind. It is

capable of undertaking a range of refit and maintenance work, from minor

repairs to complex engineering works.

Headed up by the former boss of ISA Yachts’ refit division Alfonso Postorino,

the shipyard can now accommodate 10 large yachts in all weather


The yard is now fully operational, with several yachts moored at its dock or

already hauled out onto the hard. Among these are three yachts of around

50 metres undergoing works including the total repaint of the hull and

superstructure, generator replacement and audio-video systems upgrade.

With a strong focus on customer service and a hardworking team sharing a

vision of passion and ambition, Cantiere Rossini is closing in on its aim to

be recognised as one of the best refit yards in the world.


Credit: This article has been published on Lloyd’s List

Credit: Boats INternational

Issue 9 >> 42

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