<strong>Around</strong> <strong>Town</strong> Page 6 A r st T ed Wolff H as S olely H andcra ed E ach K nife and S heath MANY STYLES AND TYPES HANDMADE IN TENNESSEE Native American Legacies • Books • Jewelry • Moccasins • Beaded Jewelry • Flutes • Drums • Artwork • Silver Jewelry • Rugs • And Much More Open Monday - Saturday www.blackwolff.com American Sideshow Antiques - 373 Parkway, Gatlinburg - 865-325-1411 170 Glades Rd., Suite 2, Gatlinburg Park Reopens Bote Mountain Trail Great <strong>Smoky</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> National Park officials announced the partial reopening of a 2.9-mile section of Bote Mountain Trail on Friday, November 2 for hikers only. This popular trail provides access from the Cades Cove area to the Appalachian Trail near Spence Field. The trail section has been closed since September 24 while extensive rehabilitation was underway, involving both the use of mechanized equipment and hand tools. This popular trail, used by both hikers and horse riders, had become heavily eroded and incised due to inadequate drainage. Park trail crews spent several weeks repairing 101 existing drainage structures, installing 10 new drainage structures, repairing over 240 feet of trail tread, and removing rocks, roots, and brush along the trail section. To ensure the sustainability of the improvements, the trail will remain closed to horse use through the winter, freeze-thaw cycle. During this time, while it is open for hikers only, the trail crew will also continue to monitor the repair. We expect the trail to fully reopen to all use on March 2, 2019. For more information about hiking safety, please visit the park’s website at www.nps.gov/grsm/planyourvisit/hikingsafety.htm. <strong>Smoky</strong> Mountain Winterfest Draped in more than 5 million holiday lights, Pigeon Forge creates a winter wonderland for locals and guests alike to enjoy during the city’s annual Winterfest celebration. The lights of Winterfest shine from early November through the end of February. From winter light displays to captivating holiday shows and so much more. Steaks Howard's Steakhouse has been in Gatlinburg since 1946 offering the traditional Howard’s menu. Seating is also available outside next to a running stream. The bar is a long time locals favorite with a hometown atmosphere. Catering Available The Wild Boar Saloon located upstairs offers a lighter fare with tavern style appetizers and specialty bar drinks. Offering a great night life atmosphere and with Karaoke. www.HowardsRestaurantGatlinburg.com Where The Locals Go Burgers and much more Seafood (865) 436-3600 976 Parkway, Downtown Gatlinburg www.ShaconageStoneArtandJewelry.net Park Celebrates Rainbow Falls Trail Project Completion NPS Roads & Trails Branch Supervisor Tobias Miller, Friends of the Smokies President Jim Hart, Deputy Superintendent Clay Jordan, and Trails Program Supervisor Josh Shapiro Great <strong>Smoky</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> National Park officials celebrated the completion of a two-year trail rehabilitation project on Rainbow Falls Trail on Wednesday, November 14. The sixmile Rainbow Falls Trail is one of the most popular trails in the park leading hikers to Rainbow Falls and Mt. Le Conte. The trail was reopened, on schedule, following work completed by the park trail crew, American Conservation Experience youth crews, and volunteers. The park trail crew rehabilitated targeted segments along the trail to improve visitor safety, stabilize eroding trail sections, and repair trail tread damaged by high winds and fire during the November 2016 wildfires. The crew installed over 350 steps through steep, narrow corridors, created nearly 600 feet of elevated trail surfaces, installed nearly 400 drainage elements, and placed over 1,000 native stones along the trail to create a durable, sustainable trail corridor. The much-needed rehabilitation also eliminated numerous, visitor-created side trails totaling over one mile in length that had resulted in eroded, off-trail paths creating confusion for hikers. “The craftsmanship exhibited by the park trail crew is extraordinary,” said Deputy Superintendent Clay Jordan. “They create durable, functional trail corridors that support the Great <strong>Smoky</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> National Park officials invite the public to comment on an Environmental Assessment (EA) of a proposed Plant Gathering Agreement with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians (EBCI) through Thursday, <strong>December</strong> 13, <strong>2018</strong>. The proposed agreement would establish a management framework for sustainable gathering of early spring leaves from the sochan plant (Rudbeckia laciniata) by EBCI members for traditional purposes. The proposed agreement is authorized under 36 CFR Part 2.6 Final Rule on Gathering of Certain Plants or Plant Parts by Federally Recognized Indian Tribes for Traditional Purposes, known as the Plant Gathering Rule. The rule authorizes agreements between the National Park Service and tribes to facilitate continuation of tribal cultural practices in National Parks where those practices traditionally occurred. The park has prepared an EA in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act to analyze potential impacts of the proposed action on the environment. The public is encouraged to participate in the planning process by reviewing and providing comments on the assessment. The National Park Service considered a full range of alternatives based on information obtained through internal and internal scoping high-volume hiker use of the Smokies in a manner that also reflects and protects the natural landscape.” Numerous individuals partnered with the park trail crew to aid in rehabilitation efforts. Over the course of the two-year project, 44 American Conservation Experience youth interns contributed over 41,360 hours of service and 162 Volunteers contributed 1,576 hours of service. Trails Forever is a partnership program between Great <strong>Smoky</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> National Park and the Friends of the Smokies. The Friends have donated over $1,500,000 to support the program, in part through the generosity of the Knoxville based Aslan Foundation. The Trails Forever program provides the opportunity for a highly skilled trail crew to focus reconstruction efforts on high use and high priority trails in the park including the recently restored Rainbow Falls Trail, Alum Cave Trail, Chimney Tops Trail, and Forney Ridge Trail. The program also provides a mechanism for volunteers to work alongside the trail crew on these complex trail projects to assist in making lasting improvements to preserve the trails for future generations. ...read more below past pictures... Rainbow Falls Before Rainbow Falls After More on Rainbow Falls Trail Project Completion In 2019, the Trail Forever crew will begin a 2- year rehabilitation project on the popular Trillium Gap Trail among other critical trail work across the park on trails such as the Deep Creek Trail, Rough Fork Trail, Smokemont Trail, and Noah Bud Ogle Trail. Due to the rehabilitation process on Trillium Gap Trail, a full closure will be necessary for the safety of both the crew and visitors. The Trillium Gap Trail and associated parking areas will be Environmental Assessment for Plant Gathering Agreement with EBC Available for Public Comment closed May 6, 2019 through November 14, 2019, excluding federal holidays, on Monday mornings at 7:00 a.m. through Thursday evenings at 5:30 p.m. weekly. The trail will be fully open each week on Friday, Saturday, and Sunday. For more information about the Trails Forever program, please visit our website at home.nps.gov/grsm/getinvolved/supportyour park/trails-forever-volunteer.htm and identified one reasonable action alternative that is presented in the EA for consideration. The EA is available on the National Park Service’s Planning, Environment and Public C o m m e n t w e b s i t e a t https://parkplanning.nps.gov/grsm by following the link titled “Sochan Gathering for Traditional Purposes.” Comments should be submitted through this online portal or sent mail to Great <strong>Smoky</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> National Park, ATTN: Environmental Planning and Compliance, 107 Park Headquarters Road, Gatlinburg, TN 37738. The public comment period is open through <strong>December</strong> 13, <strong>2018</strong>. Sochan early spring
Valley Pools & Spas Sales • Supplies • Service • Repair Mine For Your Fortune! You’re never too old to play in the dirt and find some treasures Fun For The Whole Family ! Page 7 <strong>Around</strong> <strong>Town</strong> Hot Tubs Swimming Pools Game Tables (865) 908-0025 3059 Birds Creek Rd, Sevierville Old <strong>Smoky</strong> Gem Mine 968 Parkway, #1, Downtown Gatlinburg (865) 436-7112 (Located between lights #8 & #9 across from Ober Gatlinburg - Parking located in Elks Plaza) 849 Glades Road, # 1B1, Gatlinburg www.splitraileats.com Hello Friend (Osiyo Oginali) Wait! Hold It! Do Not Shoot! I know how to spell PUMPKIN, a long line of school teachers saw to that. According to some people I pronounce the word in the wrong way. Cocke County country folk tend to call this fruit of the vine PUNKIN, although the majority will write it PUMPKIN. Listen to a gathering of Cocke county rural folk around Halloween, you may be surprised how many of them call this golden fruit of the vine PUNKIN. James Whitcomb Riley has been honored many times for his delightful poem, “THE FROST OF THE PUNKIN”. If this great man is not ashamed to present PUNKIN to the world, surely you will allow me to present PUNKIN. In the fall of 1942 the United States of America was engaged in a desperate war, Food was necessary war material. Home or backyard gardens were encouraged along with home or community canning to save the surplus food thus produce for future family needs. No one knew how great those needs would be. Patriotism and willingness to help the war effort was running deep in the hearts of Cocke County People. Under the authority of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) a community cannery had been established in the old knitting mill so recently converted to a school in West End. Under the leadership of several, the cannery was a going and growing concern. To the best of my recollection no charge was made for the metal cans to can the food or the use of the facilities. I seem to remember a one-fifth toll being levied on the finished product. Mr. Shipley, an Agriculture teacher at the Old Cocke County High School urged his students to take advantage of the community cannery to help feed their families and push the war effort. Much to his surprise, he was not having much success for the simple reason that canning surplus food was a way of life for farm families in Cocke County at that time and all the Vocational Agriculture students lived on or had access to farms. In dogged determination Mr. Shipley maintained that even farm families had at least one surplus farm produced food item that could be profitably canned in the shiny metal can used by the cannery. He let it be known that he would look with generous intent at the grade cards of any of his Vo-Ag students who utilized the facilities at the community canneries to help conserve the family food supply. Yours truly seemed to always stand in need of extra grade points at grade card viewing time. I certainly was not too proud to accept a few extra points for doing something that was not only my moral obligation but highly patriotic also. What could I can this late in October? The Mr. Shipley just happened to come by our rented farm and informed my parents of his intentions. I was volunteered before he could finish his remarks. Now my parents had over five hundred glass jars, crocks and jugs filled with a wide assortment of vegetables, fruits and meats stored in the smoke house, but they would appreciate anything Mr. Shipley could teach the boy to can. “What can he can?” Mr. Shipley looked across the hillside covered with browning corn and tons of yellow punkins. “Why, some of those ripe pumpkins so you could have pumpkin pies next June.” “Pumpkins it is”, agreed my parents. In a frenzy of labor, golden ripe punkins were slaughtered, deseeded, sliced in one inch wide rings, peeled, squared and packed into five gallon lard cans which were loaded into the truck of the family Terri plane (extinct car) and delivered to West End School on the specified date. Mr. Shipley had a number of students who were trying to help the war effort and gain a few extra grade points. I was the only one canning punkin. A lively discussing arose about how to can the yellow fruit of the wine and what type of can should be used. It was finally decided to pre-cook the punkin and ladle the cooked mixture into metal cans that were coated on the inside with an acid resistance coating. The same type cans used to can corn and fruits. In short order a big copper-bronze lined steam cooking pot was bubbling cooking punkin. Metal cans were filled with the hot fruit of the vine. Mr. Shipley set a full can into can sealer done a few fancy gyrating steps around the contraption and presto a can of punkin was sealed and ready to place in the water bath heating tank. He crooked a finger at me saying, “Now, Roy you can seal the rest of the cans. I approached this mechanical contraption with a dour expression for mechanical tools and I have never hit it off at the first introduction. It has always taken a bit of time for us to become cozy with each other. Mr. Shipley noted my doubts and said, “You can't go wrong Roy, all you do is set the can on the turntable, lay a lid on top of the can, pull down on this lever and turn the crank. You do not have to even look at the can lids for they have been stamped out with a metal cutting die so they will all fit.” Little did he know. I followed his instructions to the letter and juicy hot punkin squirted all over the place. Ice Bumper Cars After much discussion it was decided that I had used a lid that was not round and after crimping around the top of the can a hole the size of a pencil emerged to dribble hot punkin. Five thousand lids in that box and I had picked the only one that was cut lopsided. You have heard of Murphy's law, this Murphy character and I have been bosom pals all my life. Mr. Shipley drained the punkin from the can and took it back to the classroom where it soon became known as “Roy's can”. Almost every day for two weeks someone would draw attention to the blasted thing and thirty-three pairs of eyes over thirtythree toothy grins came my way as I slunk ever lower in my chair. Finally I stole the can from Mr. Shipley's desk and sneaked it to boiler room when the teacher was not looking. In that coal fired boiler I cremated that sucker. EPILOGUE The community canneries served a vital and unheralded need during the war years. Corn was an item my family found hard to can and keep. Over the years many bushels of Hickory King and Polific corn went into the shinny cans of the cannery to be consumed before the next crop of roasting ears appeared. The glass jars in the smokehouse were emptied and refilled at least once a year. The canned punkin had a staying power all its own. To us the taste of punkin was not enhanced by canning and could in no way compare with the taste of vine ripe punkin stashed in the hay over the mule's stall where the heat generated by the animal's body and their bedding kept the golden yellow fruit of the vine from freezing on the coldest winter night. In the fall of 1947 I lined the remaining dozen or so of the canned punkin on a log and zeroed in my deer rifle. I did not have to walk to the log to check my shots for I could tell from a hundred years away when I scored a hit. “As told to me by my uncle”. “Do na da go hv i” (Till we see each other again) Designs by Matoka Shaconage Stone Art and Jewelry 170 Glades Rd, #15, Gatlinburg - 865-719-3999 www.ShaconageStoneArtandJewelry.net Appalachian Bear Rescue By Kathryn Sherrard Chubby Cubs! Nine bear cubs are being cared for at the Appalachian Bear Rescue facility in <strong>Town</strong>send, TN. The latest arrival, which we announced as a “News Flash” last month, was released into a Wild Enclosure after a couple of weeks in our Recovery Center. It was decided that keeping her in such strict confinement for any longer would be counter-productive. She needed to be outside in a more suitable habitat. So our population now is divided among three enclosures. In Wild Enclosure #4 we have the “Six-pack,” so named because of their number and the fact that the six resulted from combining two groups of three. These cubs have worked very hard to gain all the weight they could and now they resemble round, furry balls with short legs. In Wild Enclosure #3 the “Duet” reside. Yep, you guessed it – there are two of them. And now, in Wild Enclosure #1 we have Persimmon Bear, that most recent addition. All of the cubs continue to eat as much food – nuts and some fruits like apples – as the curators provide by throwing the goodies over the fence to them. A vital component of the care of orphaned and injured bear cubs is that there is minimal human contact. The cubs don't see the human curators throwing the food. The little bears also find some treats on their own from naturally occurring critters like insects that they quickly gobble up. It is possible that as you read this the nine bear cubs are out in the wild, finding dens in which to spend the winter. The wildlife officers in charge of the cubs are the ones who decide when they should be released. Two of the cubs will be returning to their home state of Kentucky, while the remaining seven will be in Tennessee or in the Great <strong>Smoky</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> National Park. This brings us to the frequently asked question about hibernation. Do bears really hibernate? While most of us would say that they do, wildlife biologists call the bears' winter sleep torpor. How does it work? To prepare, bears go through hyperphagia, a feeding frenzy during which they eat voraciously. That's what our cubs have been doing for the last couple of months. The goal is to add at least another third of their weight. During the hibernation or torpor period, the bear does not eat, drink, defecate or urinate. All bodily systems are maintained by utilizing the fat that has been stored. Female bears (sows) will give birth during the time in the den and therefore will not be apt to leave. Male bears (boars) are unencumbered by such matters, and they may move around, change dens, or opt for a daybed on the ground. If you see a bear roaming around during the winter, it's probably a boar. Regardless, bears that you see in winter should be respected in the same way as at any other time of year. Keep your distance and do not harass or stress the animal. You can follow the story of the nine cubs and their release, and find out more about Appalachian Bear Rescue by visiting our Facebook page: facebook.com/AppalachianBearRescue. New photos are posted every day, so you can see what is going on at the ABR facility and at our Visitor/Education Center in the Trillium Cove Shopping Village on East Lamar Alexander Parkway. It is open Tuesday through Saturday from 10 to 4; closed Sunday and Monday. When you visit you can talk to knowledgeable volunteers and purchase ABR merchandise as mementos of your visit. You can even become a member of Appalachian Bear Rescue and participate in a class to learn more about bears. We'd love to see you there! You can also visit our website at www.appalachianbearrescue.org and our blog at abrblog.wordpress.com.