Sheep magazine Archive 3: issues 18-24

AlfRodchenko

Lefty online magazine: issue 18, December 2016 to issue 24, May 2017

HAND OVER FIST PRESS

SHEEP

IN THE ROAD

The Magazine: volume 3

Issues 18 to 24


HAND OVER FIST PRESS

SHEEP

IN THE ROAD

The Magazine: volume 3

Issues 18 to 24

December 2016 - May 2017


This Volume’s

CONTENTS

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Edit & Design:

Alan Rutherford

Published online by

www.handoverfistpress.com

Photographs, words and

artwork sourced from ‘found

in the scrapbook of life’, no

intentional copyright

infringement intended,

credited whenever possible,

so, for treading on any toes

... apologies all round!

Sheep ...

from no. 18

(December 2016)

to no. 24

(May 2017)

1

Articles to:

alanrutherford1@mac.com

December 2016 – May 2017


2

Without contributors this project has

failed to live up to its original ideal!

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : The Magazine, issues 18 to 24


ANOTHER

OPENING

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Blah-blahblah-blahde-blah-

Hello,

Welcome to a 20 months worth of Sheep,

from magazine number 3 to 24, in 3

volumes. This is volume 3 and contains

issues 18 to 24 and covers a time period

from December 2016 to May 2017.

All articles and artwork contained in

these flashes were supplied, or found in

newspapers lining the bottom of the canary

cage, and all were gratefully received

and developed with love, enthusiasm and

sympathy here at Hand Over Fist Press.

3

Nobody got paid. Perhaps that is the

problem? Anyway, ‘Sheep in the Road’ will

now appear sporadically!

Without contributors this project is

failing to live up to its original ideal!

a luta continua!

December 2016 – May 2017


20 months’ worth of the magazine (in 3 volumes), started in October 2015

and continued until May 2017 – playful layouts, socialist politics, many

borrowed (most times credited) pieces of interest, social commentary – coupled

with some wonderful original pieces by contributors, twitchy and inventive

artwork ... and probably not enough craziness to really reflect the editor’s

surrealist pillow.

Here is volume 3, issues 18 to 24, covering a period from

December 2016 to May 2017, what a mad time!

Alan Rutherford, editor.


HAND OVER FIST PRESS

SHEEP

IN THE ROAD

The Magazine volume 3

Issues 18 to 24


HAND OVER FIST PRESS

SHEEP

IN THE ROAD

18


& again, its money money money


& you still can’t take it with you


d

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


Artwork: Alan Rutherford

The

CONTENTS

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Edit & Design:

Alan Rutherford

Published online by

www.handoverfistpress.com

Cover photograph:

Alan Rutherford

Frontispiece: Hans Holbien

Photographs, words and

artwork sourced from ‘found

in the scrapbook of life’, no

intentional copyright

infringement intended,

credited whenever possible,

so, for treading on any toes

... apologies all round!

There is no deadline for

submitting articles to be

included in the next issue, it

will appear whenever, or in

your dreams!

Articles to:

alanrutherford1@mac.com

Opening 03

Trump Trump Quack 5

Fidel Castro 13

10 lies 17

Born a Crime 27

Another Angry Voice 34

The Lucas Plan 36

Joana Foster 39

Rape articles 43

Letters 55

1

XMAS 2016


OPENING

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Print by Karena Colquhoun of MAGIC JELLY, Adelaide, Australia

Blah-blahblah-blahblah-

The end may

justify the means

as long as there

is something that

justifies the end

Leon Trotsky

Hello,

Welcome to magazine number 18.

Still trying to ignore the media circus, lies

and bullshit that parades as news ... misdirecting

our attention, here is a magazine

produced freely to be read freely.

All articles and artwork supplied, or found

in newspapers lining the bottom of the

canary cage, were gratefully received

and developed with love, enthusiasm and

sympathy here at Hand Over Fist Press.

Nobody got paid. Perhaps that is the

problem? Anyway, ‘Sheep in the Road’ will

now appear very sporadically.

Without contributors this project has

failed to live up to its original ideal!

Maybe the last issue for a while (or maybe

not?) ... in the meantime, a luta continua!

3

XMAS 2016


4

Artwork: Alan Rutherford

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


TRUMP TRUMP QUACK

Donald Trump is being briefed on the US’s ‘deep secrets’. The

US President-elect is scheduled for numerous briefings on US intelligence,

security and defence

Bob Woodward

Mr Trump is being briefed on the US’s nuclear weapons tactics. One of

the most important phases of the transition to power for President-elect

Donald Trump includes briefings on U.S. intelligence capabilities and

secret operations as well as separate descriptions of the extraordinary

powers he will have over the military, especially contingency plans to use

nuclear weapons, according to officials.

5

In 2008, after then-President-elect Obama was given one sensitive

intelligence briefing at a secure facility in Chicago, he joked, ‘It’s good

that there are bars on the windows here because if there weren’t, I might

be jumping out.’

Though Trump has been given some intelligence briefings on threats

and capabilities, there are a series of separate briefs scheduled for the

president-elect into what Obama has called ‘our deep secrets.’

XMAS 2016


Trump spokeswoman Hope Hicks said she could not provide any

information on the schedule for the briefings. Previous presidents received

them over the course of the entire transition.

6

First is a detailed look at technical and human intelligence sources and

methods that provide critical information on Special Access Programs –

the most sensitive top-secret undertakings – for drone strikes and other

intelligence operations. This would include the disclosure, if Trump wants

the names, of the dozens of officials abroad paid by the CIA, to the

tune of millions of dollars. Though entitled, presidents normally have

not asked for names unless the secret relationship involves a particularly

important CIA asset.

Other methods include the most sensitive technical capabilities of the

National Security Agency to intercept communications abroad, store them

and make them instantly available to analysts and operators.

Trump will learn that the president is considered ‘The First Customer’ by

the intelligence community, which has a tradition of responding to any

and every presidential request.

A second briefing will be on the covert actions undertaken by the CIA that

are designed to change events abroad without the hand of the United States

being revealed publicly. There are currently about a dozen such ‘Findings’

– intelligence orders signed by the president. Some are broad authorities to

conduct lethal counterterrorism operations in dozens of countries. Others

are narrow, such as support for clandestine efforts in a single country to stop

genocide or payments to political opposition or rebels.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


Under law and procedures, such covert-action orders are issued by the

office of the president, and Obama’s orders will continue unless Trump, as

president, changes them. Normally, the president-elect will review current

covert actions and decide before the inauguration whether he wants to

continue, modify or cease any. He also could add new covert operations

after taking the oath.

Under law, the president can decide to launch new covert operations but

must inform the Senate and House intelligence committees. For particularly

sensitive operations, the president has to see only that the Gang of Eight is

informed. The eight are the two party leaders of both the Senate and House,

plus the chairman and ranking member of the intelligence committees.

Among the most important ‘Findings’ are counter-proliferation operations

designed to prevent a country from obtaining a nuclear weapon or a nuclear

weapon delivery capability.

7

Other operations are offensive aggressive cyberattacks involving stealthy

computer hacking designed to break into computer systems of foreign

governments. Previously, they have been called the Computer Network

Attack (CNA) and are among the most highly secret undertakings of the U.S.

government.

In addition, Trump will receive information on domestic counterterrorism

overseen by the FBI and Department of Homeland Security. After the 9/11

attacks, the FBI was turned loose to stop the next attack. Efforts to penetrate

banks, communications and foreign corporations in the United States have

been significantly expanded.

XMAS 2016


Trump will also be given information about ‘Continuity of Government,’

which are the plans and procedures designed for implementing the line

of presidential succession. That could be in case of a terrorist attack or

other emergency in which the president dies or could not carry out the

duties of his office.

A third briefing will be on nuclear-war plans and options. The ‘football,’

a briefcase carried by the military aide to the president, includes

authentication codes designed to ensure that any launch order comes

only from the commander in chief.

8

The ‘football’ also contains a book of options benignly called the

‘Presidential Decision Handbook.’ This top secret/code-word book,

known as the ‘Black Book,’ of about 75 pages has separate contingency

plans for using nuclear weapons against potential adversaries such as

Russia and China.

The president can select nuclear strike packages against three categories

– military targets, war-supporting or economic targets and leadership

targets. There are sub-options, and the menu allows a president to

withhold attacks on specific targets.

Two officials said that the ‘Black Book’ also includes estimates on the

number of casualties for each of the main options that run into the

millions, and in some cases over 100 million. Officials who have dealt

with nuclear-war options said that learning the details can be horrifying

and that there is a ‘Dr. Strangelove’ feel to the whole enterprise.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


President-elect George W. Bush did not receive his briefing on nuclear

options until five days before inauguration in 2001.

Top White House officials say that presidents in the past have had no love

and little interest in getting the nuclear war plans briefing and almost

recoil at the prospect of having such authority. Under practice as the

commander in chief, the president can employ U.S. military forces as he

sees fit.

The system of authentication and options is designed for quick response

to attack in an emergency. A president might have to make a decision

in a matter ofminutes with little or no time to consult the secretary of

defense, military leaders or the National Security Council.

9

In addition, Trump will receive briefings from the Pentagon on current

military operations, including the deployments in the ongoing wars in

Afghanistan, against the Islamic State and other Special Operations

actions abroad.

After one of the briefings in 2008, Obama told a close adviser that it was

perhaps one of the most sobering experiences of his life. He said, ‘I’m

inheriting a world that could blow up any minute in half a dozen ways,

and I will have some powerful but limited and perhaps even dubious

tools to keep it from happening.’

In an Oval Office interview on July 10, 2010, Obama confirmed that he

had made that sort of comment.

XMAS 2016


‘Events are messy out there,’ he said. ‘At any given moment of the day,

there are explosive, tragic, heinous, hazardous things taking place.’ He

acknowledged that as president it was his responsibility to deal with all

these problems. ‘People are saying, ‘You’re the most powerful person in

the world. Why aren’t you doing something about it?’’

The power of the presidency has two sides. On one, it is an extraordinary

concentration of constitutional and legal authority. On the other, as

Obama said, it can be limited and dubious.

Soon, Trump will experience both the power and its limits.

10

from The Washington Post

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


WHEN

ELEPHANTS

FIGHT

ITS THE

GRASS THAT

SUFFERS

11

A KIKUYU PROVERB

XMAS 2016


12

OBITUARY

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


FIDEL CASTRO

(1926-2016)

Fidel Castro stood for the liberation of humanity; not only

for his own country Cuba whose struggle for freedom from

US imperialism he led and won alongside Che Guevara and

others; but also for the peoples of the world fighting for selfdetermination,

freedom from colonialism and the right to

choose political and economic systems based on equality, not

exploitation. He was a towering figure of twentieth century

politics. The CIA tried and failed to as invade Cuba and many

times tried assassinate him.

13

The role of Cuba in international solidarity has been

remarkable; from fighting against the apartheid regime in

South Africa, to working countries such as Venezuela and

others. Nelson Mandela always acknowledged that apartheid

was dealt a crushing blow by the intervention of Fidel troops

in Angola where they took on and helped defeat the South

African Defence Force. The support given by Cuba to the

Vietnamese people in face of US aggression, will also never be

forgotten.

XMAS 2016


From 1959 onwards, Cuba under Fidel, inspired a generation

of anti-imperialist struggles all over the third world. Cuba has

the most highly educated population in Latin America and its

free healthcare system is, to this day, universally admired. It

was the first country to respond to the recent appeal for help

with the Ebola epidemic in West Africa and regularly has

50,000 trained doctors and other healthcare workers in other

parts of the world.

14

As the world enters a dangerous period with the rise of the far

right, Fidel remains an inspiration in our work to unite and

defeat this reactionary wave.

Hasta la victoria siempre!

Fidel Castro Obituary by

Professor Robert Arnott

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


15

XMAS 2016


16

Grand Hotel Abyss:

The LIves of the Frankfurt School

by Stuart Jeffries

is published by Verso.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


10 LIES ABOUT THE XMAS

CONSUMERIST CIRCLE OF HELL

As we approach the Christmas shopping season finale,

what can neo-Marxist analysis teach us?

Stuart Jeffries

from The Guardian

Ladies and gentlemen, we have started our descent. From now until closing

time on Christmas Eve, we are destined to fall towards an existential abyss.

Some of us may have experienced an unpleasant altercation with another

shopper on Black Friday over the last discounted PS4 in a warehouse on

the North Circular. Others will be on our knees in Hamleys begging the

assistant to check again in the storeroom to see if they have that on-trend

Zoomer Chimp, a £119.99 plastic robotic ape that comes complete with

voice command recognition and – please God, no – 100-plus tricks. And

then, sometime around 10am on Christmas Day, our nation will be united

by a warm fuzzy feeling. What’s that feeling called again? Buyer’s remorse.

17

One thing I’ve learned in researching the lives of that bunch of mostly dead

neo-Marxist German Jews called the Frankfurt School is that shopping

isn’t so much a satisfying pastime that boosts the economy as a burning

wheel of Ixion on which we are bound until death secures our release. ‘The

‘modern’ [is] the time of hell,’ wrote Walter Benjamin, the brains behind

the Frankfurt School operation, in his critique of consumer capitalism, The

XMAS 2016


Arcades Project. He wasn’t writing about Saturday at 5pm in Toys R Us,

but he could have been. Here then are 10 lies about shopping to help you

escape the seasonal consumerist circle of hell so appalling that even Dante

didn’t dare imagine it.

18

1

More choice makes us happier

No, it doesn’t. The idea of shops offering us 101 kinds of muesli is that

we are rational utility maximisers who have the time and temperaments

to make sense of endless options. But we aren’t: that’s why Nobel

economics laureate Herbert Simon came up with the idea of ‘satisficing’.

Any firm that tried to make decisions that would maximise its returns

would bankrupt itself in a never-ending search for the best option.

Instead, they ‘satisfice’, which means they content themselves with results

that are ‘good enough’. And what goes for firms goes for shoppers:

endless choice makes us miserable and so to reduce that misery we make

bumbling choices that are good enough. The Frankfurt School argued

that we have been conditioned to accept the goods that are on offer;

effectively, we are ideologically shaped to demand what is supplied. That

is why Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer in their classic Dialectic of

Enlightenment wrote, ‘freedom to choose an ideology – since ideology

always reflects economic coercion – everywhere proves to be freedom to

choose what is always the same’.

2

Stuff comes for free

On the back of the Zipvan in my street is a logo telling passers-by that

the rental car firm pays for fuel, insurance and the congestion charge,

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


adding in brackets, ‘We’re nice like that’. Did these guys never hear

of Milton Friedman? ‘There is,’ said the economist, ‘no such thing as

a free lunch.’ Somebody always pays for it, usually me. Businesses are

never ‘nice’ and don’t give stuff away without expecting to cultivate

misplaced positive feelings from their customers and as a result prise

more cash from their bank accounts. When Adorno and Horkheimer

wrote the following words, they weren’t thinking of my experiences in

BOGOF bookshops or with on-street car rental firms, but they apply to

them perfectly well: ‘All the violence done to words is so vile that one can

hardly bear to hear them any longer.’

3

Stuff is built to last

No, it isn’t. In 1921 the Phoebus cartel created lightbulbs that would

break after 1,000 hours instead of providing the 1,500-2,000 hours

previous bulbs managed. Why? To make profit from, as far as I can

tell, consumer misery. The nightmare of ending-is-better-than-mending

consumption imagined by Aldous Huxley in 1932’s Brave New World has

been realised. Nowadays the practice is everywhere: you have to buy a

new toothbrush because the batteries can no longer be replaced.

19

Walter Benjamin recognised that in consumerist society we’re locked

into a kind of degrading compulsion: we buy new stuff to conceal from

ourselves our disappointment about the failings of the old stuff. And then

the new stuff becomes old, and so we upgrade – in part to hide from

ourselves our disappointment at the unbearable failure of our earlier

purchase. Benjamin strove to make us see that what we’re doing is nuts.

As Benjamin scholar Max Pensky puts it: ‘The promise of eternal newness

XMAS 2016


and unlimited progress encoded in the imperatives of technological

change and the cycles of consumption now appear as their opposite, as

primal history, the mythic compulsion toward endless repetition.’ Which is

just one reason why you shouldn’t upgrade to an iPhone 7.

20

4

Some brands can be trusted to make great products

Remember the Apple Newton? Of course you don’t. Steve Jobs pulled

the plug on this much-mocked disaster in 1997, four years after it was

launched. It was supposed to be a personal digital assistant that worked

through handwriting recognition: you scribbled on the pad and – lo! – a

digitised note appeared. Except it didn’t: like Mr Magoo, it was always

mistaking something for something else. Garry Trudeau satirised the

Newton in his Doonesbury cartoon strip: it misreads the words ‘Catching

on?’ as ‘Egg Freckles’. Maybe some of you are thinking Apple’s Siri is the

Egg Freckles of voice recognition software. I couldn’t possibly comment.

If Benjamin were still alive, he would own an Apple Newton. He collected

the worthless, the trashy, the things that seemed to promise utopia but

quickly became embarrassingly naff, obsolete. In doing so he thought

he could expose the lie at the heart of consumer capitalism and effect

revolutionary change. But the revolution, you’ll have noticed, didn’t

happen. Argos still exists; Amazon Prime still seems like a solution to,

rather than cause of, our problems. We’re still in the hell he diagnosed.

5

You can never have too many shoes

Such, at least, is the wisdom of Joanna Lumley’s Patsy Stone from

Absolutely Fabulous. (The full quote is even more bonkers: ‘You can

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


never have too many hats, gloves, and shoes.’) In fact you can. Consider

Imelda Marcos. She left behind 1,220 pairs of shoes when she fled

Manila with her husband, President Ferdinand Marcos, during a 1986

uprising. That’s too many. Thirty years later that collection of shoes is

reportedly worthless.

Marcos’s shoe fetishism is an example of what Marx called the fetishism

of commodities, and which the Frankfurt School thought had become

more widespread since their mentor wrote Das Kapital in the Victorian

era. What is the fetishism of commodities? When a pair of shoes or

an iPhone is sold, it is exchanged for another commodity (money for

instance). The exchange takes no account of the fact that, for example,

some of Apple’s overstressed and underpaid workers contemplated

suicide in order to escape the penal servitude of manufacturing musthave

commodities for you and me. That erasure of the economic

circumstances in which a commodity is made, and the phantasmagoric,

unreal life it takes on as a result, makes us fetishists.

21

György Lukács, the great influence on the Frankfurt School’s developing

neo-Marxism, put it in his classic History and Class Consciousness

that a new kind of human arises in this world of rampant commodity

fetishism, along with 20th-century mechanisation and specialisation of

industrial work processes. That new human sees the world as a series of

commodities and his or her own self as a thing to be bought and sold.

That new human is so degraded that buying and selling is its essence:

truly, the new human Lukács envisaged can say: I shop therefore I am.

Instead of uniting to start the revolution, we buy more shoes.

XMAS 2016


6

It’s worth paying more for quality

When Vivienne Westwood launched a collection in 2010, she said we

should not buy new clothes for six months. ‘My message is: choose well and

buy less,’ she said – as if to suggest you should buy one Westwood dress

rather than filling Primark trolleys regularly with disposable tat. But, Dame

Vivienne, sustainable consumerism isn’t that simple. A couple of years after

I interviewed Westwood about her fashion worldview, a friend bought me a

Vivienne Westwood watch. It was beautiful and I was happy, thinking it was

built to last. Then the numbers fell off, the strap broke and the clock hands

collapsed within a year. Next time I need a new watch, I’ll try Poundland.

22

Just as, in some religions, an object invested with supernatural powers

becomes a fetish for those who worship it, so commodities under capitalism

are accorded magical powers and illusory autonomy. The Vivienne

Westwood brand had, for me, just such magical powers. Even when its logo

appeared on a dodgy watch made under licence. Reading the Frankfurt

School disabused me of this fetish. When it comes to shopping, I don’t trust

anyone anymore, not even one-time punk couturiers.

7

There are things that we ‘must have’

Hollister has a range of must-have T-shirts. Business Insider can direct you to

a list of 20 must-have tech accessories for under £20 (including a multi-port

USB wall charger, armband phone case and a carphone mount). And then

there’s musthave.co.uk, whose beauty products include a 15ml pot of Truefitt

& Hill Moustache Wax for £17.50. What do all these must-haves have in

common? You don’t need them.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


Why haven’t we revolted against consumer capitalism and its system of

lies masquerading as injunctions? Because, for the Frankfurt School, we’ve

become comfortably corrupted. Such at least was the view of Herbert

Marcuse in his 1964 classic One-Dimensional Man, where he despaired

of the working classes to rise up and cast off their guided chains: ‘If the

worker and his boss enjoy the same television programme and visit the

same resort places, if the typist is as attractively made up as the daughter

of her employer, if the Negro owns a Cadillac, if they all read the same

newspaper, then this assimilation indicates not the disappearance of

classes, but the extent to which the needs and satisfactions that serve the

preservation of the Establishment are shared by the underlying population.’

As Malcolm X put it in a different context: ‘I say you’ve been misled, you’ve

been had, you’ve been took.’

23

8

There are things that are ‘investment pieces’

Most cars lose between 50% and 60% of their value in the first three years

of ownership. The great French novelist Marcel Proust, who was a profound

influence on the thoughts of Walter Benjamin, saw through that kind of

nonsense at the age of 18: ‘Desire makes all things flourish,’ he wrote,

‘possession withers them.’ True, he was mostly focused on the objects of

sexual desire, but his words apply equally to a used BMW X5.

9

Flatpack furniture makes a happy home

Earlier this year my wife and I assembled a Pax wardrobe. Only because

we have agreed to lock the memory of that weekend in our marital psychic

vault does our relationship survive. Indeed, there’s a very useful pie chart

XMAS 2016


showing how time is spent immediately after shoppers return from Ikea:

just under 25% involves making ‘that’s what she said’ jokes, more than

40% involves swearing, and a substantial proportion includes taking

whatever you were assembling apart because you did it wrong.

24

But here’s the twist, diagnosed by the Frankfurt School 70 years ago. We

all know that when we buy Ikea we’re buying flat-packed misery, but we

carry on shopping regardless. Our knowing cynicism about shopping

doesn’t stop us buying, since we’re too ideologically entrenched. As Adorno

and Horkheimer put it: ‘The triumph of advertising in the culture industry

is that consumers feel compelled to buy and use its products even though

they see through them.’

10

Happiness rises in line with material possessions

On the contrary. ‘Strong materialist values are associated with a pervasive

undermining of people’s wellbeing, from low life satisfaction and

happiness to depression and anxiety, to physical problems such as anxiety,

and to personality disorders, narcissism, and antisocial behaviour,’ wrote

psychologist Tim Kasser in The High Price of Materialism.

For the Frankfurt School, the pursuit of happiness through shopping and

material acquisition is obscene. Benjamin wrote: ‘There is no document of

civilisation which is not at the same time a document of barbarism.’ One

application of this dictum is that the pursuit of happiness through buying

consumer goods involves erasing the human misery and exploitation that

made the degrading and, ultimately, self-defeating pursuit possible. Merry

xmas!

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


25

Artwork: Alan Rutherford

XMAS 2016


26

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


BORN A CRIME

Trevor Noah charts his rise from South Africa’s townships

The Daily Show host’s new book reveals how he bridged the race gap to

become one of the country’s brightest exports

Marianne Thamm

from the Daily Maverick

Trevor Noah is regarded as one of South Africa’s biggest exports: the boy

from the townships who made it big in the US and ended up hosting The

Daily Show, one of the most influential satirical news programmes on

American television.

27

But the odds always seemed stacked against Noah, as they are for South

Africa’s black citizens. Many are trapped by the legacies of colonialism,

apartheid and post-apartheid profligacy and face poverty, hunger,

violence, bullying, racism and limited opportunities.

But there was an extraordinary buffer between this brutal world and

Noah, as his autobiography, Born a Crime: Stories from a South

African Childhood, makes clear.

‘For my mother. My first fan. Thank you for making me a man,’ Noah

writes in the book’s dedication. For indeed without his mother, Patricia

Nombuyiselo Noah, and the rebellious spirit that enabled her to face

XMAS 2016


down a hostile and inhospitable world, Noah would not have ended up

where he is.

There were so many perks to being ‘white’ in a black family, I can’t lie. I

was having a great time

Trevor Noah

28

Born a Crime is an engaging, fast-paced and vivid read, traversing

Noah’s early childhood, confined by the absurdities of apartheid, where

he could not walk openly with either of his parents, where he was often

closeted inside his grandmother’s two-roomed home, where he was

mistaken for white, through to his troubled years at school, his brief

incarceration and to his budding success as a hustler selling pirated CDs

and DJing at parties.

Noah was ‘born a crime’ because his Xhosa mother had conceived a

child with a white Swiss-German, which was illegal at the time. And while

Noah was born in 1984, in the turbulent dying days of apartheid (he was

only six when Nelson Mandela was freed from prison in 1990), the world

into which he was delivered was riven with the deep scars of history.

‘The fact that I grew up in a world run by women was no accident,’ Noah

writes. ‘Apartheid kept me away from my father because he was white,

but for almost all the kids I knew in my grandmother’s neighbourhood in

Soweto, apartheid had taken away their fathers as well, just for different

reasons.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


‘Their fathers were off working in a mine somewhere, able to come home

only during the holidays. Their fathers had been sent to prison. Their

fathers were in exile, fighting for the cause. Women held the community

together.’

Noah writes of his profiling as white in a black world with characteristic

insight and humour. ‘There were so many perks to being ‘white’ in a

black family, I can’t lie. I was having a great time,’ he writes. Only the

young Noah did not think this special treatment was because he was

light-skinned, but because he was special. ‘It wasn’t ‘Trevor doesn’t get

beaten because Trevor is white’. It was ‘Trevor doesn’t get beaten because

Trevor is Trevor’,’ he writes.

This was, he says, because he had no other points of reference. ‘There

were no other mixed kids around so I could say ‘Oh, this happens to us’.’

29

In the end Noah chose to be black, a state of mind that had so much

more to do with his lived experience than someone else’s notion of who

he was, and is.

‘I soon learned that the quickest way to bridge the race gap was through

language. Soweto was a melting pot: families from different cultural

groups, and thus different homelands. Most kids in the township spoke

only their home language, but I learned several languages because I

grew up in a house where there was no option but to learn them.’

Noah’s story provides an intimate ringside seat, for those who might not

have one, to the fractured arena where a divided South Africa – white,

XMAS 2016


lack, coloured, Indian, Zulu, Xhosa, Pedi, Tsonga and so on – intersects.

There is a deeply touching moment in the book when Noah describes

how his violent stepfather (who later shoots his mother) kicks his beloved

dog, Fufi.

‘The strange thing was that when Fufi got kicked she never whelped or

cried. When the vet diagnosed her as deaf, he also found out she had

some condition where she didn’t have a fully developed sense of touch.

She didn’t feel pain.’ Noah, too, appears not to have felt the pain or, at

least, to have turned it into humour.

30

The book is essential reading not only because it is a personal story

of survival, leavened with insight and wit, but because it does more to

expose apartheid – its legacy, its pettiness, its small-minded stupidity and

its damage – than any other recent history book or academic text.

That Noah has emerged miraculously unscathed, filled with

determination, grit, wisdom, a searing intelligence (cultivated through the

books he read as a loner) and an enduring mischievous glint, is inspiring.

These are all qualities that the millions who know him as a standup

comedian in South Africa have come to love.

A version of this article first appeared on the Daily Maverick.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


31

XMAS 2016


32

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


33

XMAS 2016


34 From Thomas Clark aka ANOTHER ANGRY VOICE

I began writing this blog in 2010 in order to express my opinions about

current political, social and economic issues. I chose the name Another

Angry Voice on the spur of the moment because I thought it sounded

good at the time and I had to call it something. I don’t believe it is a

particularly acurate descriptor, given that I strive to to base my arguments

on facts and analysis, and to include reliable sources, rather than simply

writing emotionally fueled rants.

The objective of this Political Myth Busting series is to demolish some of

the facile and often completely counter-factual myths that get used over

and again.

anotherangryvoice.blogspot.com

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


35

XMAS 2016


THE LUCAS PLAN

The Lucas Plan was a pioneering effort by workers at the arms company

Lucas Aerospace to retain jobs by proposing alternative, socially-useful

applications of the company’s technology and their own skills. It remains

one of the most radical and forward thinking attempts ever made by

workers to take the steering wheel and directly drive the direction of

change. The ideas being proposed filtered out to other factories and the

plan was looked at by some workers at Smiths Industries, Bishops Cleeve.

36

Today, in 2016 – 40 years after the Lucas Plan – we’re facing a

convergence of crises: militarism and nuclear weapons, climate chaos,

and the destruction of jobs by automation.

These crises mean we have to start thinking about technology as political,

as the Lucas Aerospace workers did.

You can be part of this. It’s in our hands: we have to show that

alternatives are possible. Together we can start creating the Lucas Plans

of the future. It could be the best way to make sure we still have a future.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


37

XMAS 2016


38

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


JOANA FOSTER

‘She made African women realise they can do anything’

Joana Silochina Foster, the formidable Ghanaian-British activist

and lawyer who died last month, co-founded Africa’s first feminist

philanthropic institution. She oversaw the expansion of a women’s law

network in 26 African countries through her work with Women in Law

and Development in Africa.

Nana Darkoa Sekyiamah

39

Before the fourth world conference on women, held in Beijing in 1995,

Joana Silochina Foster, a Ghanaian-British activist and lawyer, attended a

workshop organised by the Global Fund for Women. She happened to be

seated next to Dr Hilda Tadria, a Ugandan scholar and activist whom she

had not met before. Turning to Tadria, Foster said: ‘What we really need

are our own resources.’

And so the idea of a fund for African women was born. At the time, it

was a groundbreaking notion: no such institution existed on the African

continent, where funding for women’s rights was primarily channelled

through international NGOs based in the global north.

XMAS 2016


The creation of a fund to support the work of an African women’s

movement began, but was put on hold when Foster took up the role of

regional coordinator at Women in Law and Development in Africa, in

which she oversaw the organisation’s gradual expansion into a women’s

law network covering 26 African countries.

40

Despite her engagements, Foster did not give up on her dream of a fund

led by African women that would support the work of African women’s

rights organisations. In 1996, a conversation with Bisi Adeleye-Fayemi

– a Nigerian feminist who, at the time, headed Akina Mama wa Afrika,

a pan-African women’s rights organisation based in the UK – led to a

partnership that culminated with the creation of the African Women’s

Development Fund (AWDF) in 2000.

Co-founded by Foster, Tadria, and Adeleye-Fayemi, the institution has

since provided funding of more than $28m (£22m) to a total of 1,200

women’s rights organisations in 42 African countries. Speaking on

AWDF’s 10th anniversary, Foster said: ‘The concept of a fund for African

women was an innovative idea. The launch of AWDF in 2000 was the

result of a compelling vision, strategic planning and years of hard work.

AWDF is an excellent example of solidarity amongst African women.’

Foster died on 5 November 2016, after a two-year battle with cancer.

She was 70. Her lifelong journey as an activist started at 17 when she

became a member of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in the UK.

She studied law, and practised in both the UK and Ghana, focusing on

poverty, race equality and women’s rights. From the early 1990s Foster

devoted her working life fully to the non-governmental sector, becoming

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


the country director of Cuso, Ghana, a Canadian non-profit organisation

committed to social justice around the world.

Foster was an elegant, graceful woman, with an aesthetic and style that

spoke to her dual Ghanaian and Indian heritage. She often dressed in

white or cream-coloured cotton tunics, with a colourful shawl draped

around her slender frame. She always made time to give everyone a hug,

and had a particular interest in connecting with – and inspiring – younger

feminists.

‘Joana put all her energy into everything she did,’ said Dorcas Coker-

Appiah, executive director of the Gender Studies and Human Rights

Documentation Centre based in Accra, which Foster co-founded. ‘[She

was] willing to stand back and let others take the limelight. As a cofounder

of the gender centre, she was always ready to support our work,

pointing us in the right direction.’

41

Akua Kuenyehia, a Ghanaian lawyer and former international criminal

court judge, said: ‘Joana, together with others, began the process of

getting African women to realise that they can do whatever they set their

minds to because they are capable.’

The African women’s movement has lost a formidable activist.

Joana Foster is one of 60 feminists commemorated in Awid’s 2016 online

tribute to women’s human rights defenders who have died

XMAS 2016


42

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


IT’S A FUCKING EVIL CRIME!

AND YET MORE THAN A QUARTER

OF EUROPEANS BELIEVE RAPE IS

SOMETIMES JUSTIFIED

27 per cent of people living in Europe believe rape is acceptable under

some circumstances, most commonly citing drug or alcohol intake,

‘revealing’ clothes or going home alone with an attacker

Edited from Siobhan Fenton

43

Research suggests that a quarter of people living in Europe believe that

a crime against humanity, rape, is justified in some circumstances.

Shocking!

The figures have been published in a report commissioned by the

European Union into gender-based violence. Researchers asked 30,000

citizens of different EU countries whether they thought forcing someone

to have sex against their will was acceptable under a number of

circumstances, such as if a person is wearing ‘revealing’ clothes or if they

are incapacitated with alcohol consumption.

As shown in the chart above, created for the Independent by Statista, 27

per cent of respondents across the EU thought forced sexual intercourse

XMAS 2016


was acceptable in at least one set of circumstances. 12 per cent said it

was acceptable if the victim had taken drink or drugs, 11 per cent said

it was acceptable if the victim voluntarily went home with someone, 10

per cent said it was acceptable if they didn’t clearly say no or physically

fight back.

The figures vary by country, with 60 per cent of people living in Romania

telling researchers that they felt it was acceptable in at least one set of

circumstances.

44

Among UK respondents, 22 per cent of people think the criminal

offence is acceptable in some circumstances, with 12 per cent citing a

victim’s drink or drug intake as a reason.

It is estimated that around 1 in 5 women are raped at some point in their

lives, while around one in 71 men will be raped.

YES MEANS YES, NO MEANS NO FUCKERS!

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


DIRTY LAUNDRY

WASHING LINE ART HIGHLIGHTS

SOUTH AFRICA’S RAPE EPIDEMIC

INSTALLATION FEATURES USED KNICKERS SAID TO

ILLUSTRATE NUMBER OF ATTACKS THAT TAKE PLACE

AGAINST WOMEN EACH DAY

Peter Lykke Lind

45

Thousands of pairs of used knickers have been hung above the streets

of Johannesburg as part of an installation to raise awareness about the

country’s record rates of rape.

Devised by two sexual assault survivors, the installation consists of

washing lines 1,200 metres long displaying 3,600 pairs of pants –

matching the number of rapes estimated to occur on a daily basis,

according to the artists.

Jenny Nijenhuis and Nondumiso Msimanga put out a public call for

donations of underwear under the hashtag #SasDirtyLaundry, and set up

a Facebook page, Pantiesplea. They arranged collection points across the

city.

XMAS 2016


46

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


Carmen Ives, a volunteer who helped with the project, said each pair

donated ‘speaks loudly’ of severity of the situation in South Africa. ‘One

pair of panties is one pair too many. It made me think that today, some

girl is being raped somewhere,’ she said.

On display until Sunday, the installation has received a largely positive

response from the public. On Twitter, one user wrote that the project ‘feels

like a movement’.

Another said the project connected ‘very deeply with experience of sexual

assault, emotional abuse and trauma’.

However, the exhibition has faced questions over the rape statistics it uses.

While South Africa undisputedly has the highest rates of rape in the

world, estimates on the number of assaults each day vary greatly. The

3,600-a-day estimate from the medical research council is far larger than

the UN estimate of 132.

47

Responding to criticism Nijenhuis said that the figure was ‘symbolic’,

adding that just a fraction of attacks are reported to the police.

Lisa Vetten, a research associate at Witwatersrand University in

Johannesburg, said: ‘The problem of under-reporting [assault] means

that we cannot know whether the drop [in recent rape statistics] is due to

fewer rapes occurring, or fewer victims reporting.

‘The most conservative research estimate suggests that only one in seven

victims report being raped, but other studies suggest the figures may be

higher.’

XMAS 2016


Africa Check, an organisation promoting accuracy in public debate and

reporting, said the 3,600 figure remained unproven.

‘When people use flawed statistics, and have a voice as is the case here,

they neglect the complexity of issues, and make it seem like there are

valid statistics, which is not the case,’ said Anim van Wyk, editor-in-chief

of Africa Check. ‘We need better statistics to do something about the root

of the problem … to offer solutions.’

48

Anne Githuku-Shongwe, a representative for UN Women, said southern

Africa was ‘the epicentre of the pandemic of violence against women and

girls’, and the cost of violence ‘economically, physically and emotionally’

must be recognised.

She advocated caution when using numbers. ‘[The exhibition] is great to

spotlight the issue, but we must be careful not to sensationalise,’ she said.

Sheep in the Road comment: Picking up on ‘numbers’ here is a deliberate

misdirection, just one rape is one too many!

One has to wonder at the motives of anyone who would want to diffuse

the impact of such a powerful protest/exhibition by quibbling over

numbers?

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


49

Activists Nondumiso Msimanga and Jenny Nijenhuis. Photograph: Zeno Paterson

XMAS 2016


50

Crickey ... a virtual keyboard,

use it at your own peril

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 14


deep breath

comrades ... capitalism, war,

brexit and a macho trump sit

high on our compost heap

stinking the place out ... they

need to be turned over!

51

Artwork: Alan Rutherford

XMAS 2016


52

Writing

worth reading

Photos

worth seeing

http://www.coldtype.net

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


Why trump Won | r.w. johnson

the rocky road to independence | thomas harrington

spiralling into permanent War | Conn m. hallinan

ColdType

Writing Worth reading | photos Worth seeing issue 129

53

XMAS 2016


Artwork: still unknown

54

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 18


WAFFLE

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

LETTERS

Dear Editor ...

Same old same old!

Absolutely damaged by the swiftly decaying state of

the world ... Words fail me, what is the use of words

when the person you are saying them to is unable

to grasp your, and their, meaning? [again, is this the

only letter we have? ... (‘yes’, ed.)]

Worryingly, we have left even that irrational road,

the one where stupidity reigns, and now follow a

path where basic facts and knowledge acquired over

time are being replaced by entrenched banal myths,

hearsay and superstition. The shit-faced fudge of

complacency and the mad spouters will now be

defended to the death by the threat of nuclear war.

Reason cannot be relied on in the present or near

future (if ever?) and its utterly terrifying. Just who

are the terrorists? For evidence of this I direct your

attention to a President Donald Trump and his

campaign to trump-trump-trumpety-trump all over

the world. And, as Britain’s government is the happy

lapdog of US mischief in the world ... and a blindly

loyal follower of US foreign policy, what will our May

government do now as Trump begins his Term of

Ignorance?

55

Whilst I remain optimistic about the future I am

absolute in my scepticism about whether the

business-arses and their sycophantic political

stooges, Blairites and Tories – or the US circus

and their trumping flunkies – will come up with

anything remotely of benefit to anyone other than

the rampantly corrupt ruling class wankers intent on

fucking us all.

XMAS 2016


HAND OVER

FIST PRESS

2 0 1 6


HAND OVER FIST PRESS

SHEEP

IN THE ROAD

20


shizen, its still money money money


& you still can’t take it with you


there is no reason

and you better

believe it, heh-heh

d

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


The

CONTENTS

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Edit & Design:

Alan Rutherford

Published online by

www.handoverfistpress.com

Cover photograph:

Alan Rutherford

Frontispiece: Hans Holbien

Photographs, words and

artwork sourced from ‘found

in the scrapbook of life’, no

intentional copyright

infringement intended,

credited whenever possible,

so, for treading on any toes

... apologies all round!

Opening 03

Liars! 07

Eugenics 16

Zapiro 24

Exceptionalism 27

Sam Stone 30

No Pasarán! 35

Letters 61

1

Artwork: Alan Rutherford

There is no deadline for

submitting articles to be

included in the next issue, it

will appear whenever, or in

your dreams!

Articles to:

alanrutherford1@mac.com

JANUARY 2017


OPENING

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Blah-blahblah-blahblah-

There is no reason

for the end to

justify the means

as long as there

is something

worthwhile to be

justified in the end

Slyce n’Ice

Hello,

Welcome to magazine number 20 (19 got

pulped).

Still trying to ignore the media circus, lies

and bullshit that parades as news ... misdirecting

our attention, here is a magazine

produced freely to be read freely.

All articles and artwork supplied, or found

in newspapers lining the bottom of the

canary cage, were gratefully received

and developed with love, enthusiasm and

sympathy here at Hand Over Fist Press.

Nobody got paid. Perhaps that is the

problem? Anyway, ‘Sheep in the Road’ will

now appear very sporadically.

Without contributors this project has

failed to live up to its original ideal!

Maybe the last issue for a while (or maybe

not?) ... in the meantime, a luta continua!

3

JANUARY 2017


4

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


REJECT

BIG FISH EAT

LITTLE FISH

CAPITALIST

SHIT

5

Artwork: Brueghel - Naomi Henig

JANUARY 2017


... the main

again: war

freedom is

ignorance is

– and that

news, go

6

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


points

is peace,

slavery,

strength

was the

odnight

LIVING WITH LIARS

We are not living in a ‘post-truth’ world, we are living the lies of others

Nigel Farage is not a Nazi and nor is Donald Trump. But what is terrifying

– and deeply akin to fascism – is our ability to ‘think’ our way from truth into

lies

by Robert Fisk in The Independent

After Donald Trump’s election, the term ‘post-truth’ was coined to describe a

world in which fake news stories gain easy traction on social media.

We do not live in a ‘post-truth’ world, neither in the Middle East nor in the

West – nor in Russia, for that matter. We live in a world of lies. And we always

have lived in a world of lies.

7

Just take a look at the wreckage of the Middle East with its history of people’s

popular republics and its hateful dictators. They feast on dishonesty, although

they all – bar the late Muammar al-Gaddafi – demand regular elections to

make-believe their way back to power.

Now, I suppose, it is we who have regular elections based on lies. So maybe

Trump and the Arab autocrats will get on rather well. Trump already likes

Field Marshal/President al-Sissi of Egypt, and he’s already got a golf course

in Dubai. That he deals in lies, that he manufactures facts, should make

him quite at home in the Middle East. Misogyny, bullying, threats to political

opponents, authoritarianism, tyranny, torture, sneers at minorities: it’s part

and parcel of the Arab world.

JANUARY 2017


And look at Israel. The new US ambassador-to-be – who might as well be

the Israeli ambassador to the US – can’t wait to move the American embassy

to Jerusalem. He seems to feel more antagonism towards the Jewish left in

America than the Palestinians who claim East Jerusalem as a capital and

whose state he has no interest in. Will Trump enrage the Arabs? Or will he

get away with a little domestic rearrangement of the Israel embassy on the

grounds that the Gulf Arabs, at least, know that Israel’s anti-Shiism – against

Syria, Iran and Hezbollah – fits in rather well with the Sunni potentates

who’ve been funding Isis and Jabhat al-Nusrah and all the other jolly

jihadis?

8

I suspect that ‘post-truth’ has more to do with social media than mendacious

elections. The use of social media in reporting the battle of eastern Aleppo

has been extraordinary, weird, dangerous, even murderous, when not a

single Western journalist could report the eastern Aleppo war at first hand.

Much damage has been done to the very credibility of journalism – and to

politicians – by the acceptance of one side of the story only when not a single

reporter can confirm with his or her own eyes what they are reporting.

We handed journalism to social media – and the armed men who control

the areas from which these reports came know that they can pull the same

trick again next time. They will, in Idlib. But this problem in the region is

much, much bigger than a Syrian province. It’s now about the malleability of

facts across the whole Middle East.

The 250,000 ‘trapped’ Muslims of eastern Aleppo – now that 31,000 have

chosen to go to Idlib, many more to western Aleppo – appear to have been

somewhat fewer than 90,000. It’s now possible that at least 160,000 of the

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


civilians ‘trapped’ in eastern Aleppo did not actually exist, but no one says

so. That vital statistic of 250,000, the very punctuation mark of every report

on the besieged enclave, is now forgotten or ignored (wisely, perhaps) by

those who quoted it.

Nor does anyone tell us about the civilians of Palmyra now that Isis has

returned. And what about Mosul? Weren’t we about to liberate one million

civilians trapped there by the jihadis – no less deserving, surely, than the

250,000 or 100,000 or 90,000 or fewer civilians trapped in eastern

Aleppo?

Now the Americans say that Iraqi forces are ‘regrouping’ and ‘repositioning’

around Iraq’s second city; but ‘regrouping’ and ‘repositioning’ is what the

British Expeditionary Forces did on their retreat to Dunkirk.

9

How can we complain about the lies of Trump and the Brexiteers when we

journalists are chopping up the facts of the Middle East? Still, I notice in our

newspapers and on television, Israel’s wall is a ‘security fence’, its colonies

are ‘settlements’ which are ‘disputed’ rather than illegal.

Can we really shake our heads in disbelief at electoral lies when we have

been lying to our readers and viewers for years?

Trump’s tweets aren’t narcissistic ramblings, they’re pure politics

My favourite journalistic philosopher, Fintan O’Toole of The Irish Times, got

it right this month when he wrote that ‘the mendacity of politics in 2016 has

indeed been astonishing both in its brazenness and in its effectiveness.

JANUARY 2017


The claim by the Leave side in the Brexit referendum that £350m a week

would be taken from the United Kingdom’s contribution to the European

Union’s budget and put into the National Health Service was quickly and

comprehensively demolished. Being caught out in a lie did not matter... it

was a proof of a weird kind of authenticity. Flagrant lies showed that you

were not one of the experts that the leading Brexiteer Michael Gove invited

UK voters to despise and ignore...’

10

Lying, according to O’Toole, ‘floats freely, with no pretence to be anchored in

evidence’. Nowhere could this be more fearfully represented than in denial

of the Jewish Holocaust (or the Armenian Holocaust, for that matter) when

social media – O’Toole specifically names Facebook and Google – ‘now

direct users towards fake news stories and sickening neo-Nazi propaganda

with barely a shrug of the shoulders. The companies evoke in their defence

a notion of the ‘diversity of perspectives’, an Orwellian euphemism in which

the belief that the Holocaust never happened is as valid as the knowledge

that it did.’

I’ve never accepted the nonsense about Nazism and the American right.

Trump is not Hitler, although there is a kind of theatrical fascism about his

performance. He’s more buffoon than satanic, more Duce than Fuehrer.

Cesare Rossi, an early collaborator of Mussolini, once described his leader

as moving quickly ‘from cynicism to idealism, from impulsiveness to caution,

generosity to cruelty... moderation to intransigence. It was as though he

never knew his genuine self and was always striving after some counterfeit

impersonation.’ Could there be a better description of Trump? As Mussolini’s

philosopher of fascism, Giovanni Gentile, said, ‘laughter is of the devil, and

true believers do not smile except in bitter sarcasm.’

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


That grim use of the word ‘laughter’ is a key to this. The Second World War

finished before I was born. But there are distressing habits which those on

the right of European politics demonstrate when they wish to sneer at their

enemies, characteristics which I find deeply disturbing. It is the politics of ‘the

last laugh’; of the humiliation of those who thought they knew better and

must now rue the day of their supposed superiority. Just count how many

headlines and writers have referred to Trump’s ‘last laugh’. It is vicious and

vengeful.

Most of us remember Nigel Farage’s disgraceful – and untrue – words to

the European Parliament on 28 June when he claimed that most members

‘have never done a proper job’. But it was his other remark which was so

frightening: ‘Isn’t it funny? When I came here 17 years ago and I said I

wanted to lead a campaign to get Britain to leave the European Union, you

all laughed at me – well, I have to say, you’re not laughing now, are you?’

11

Those words jogged my memory. Where I had I heard this sneer before?

Then, quite by chance, there I was in Poland a few days ago, reading the late

Martin Gilbert’s Auschwitz and the Allies, about the US and British failure to

respond militarily to news of the Nazi death camps. And there I read these

words, uttered by Adolf Hitler on 30 September 1942: ‘In Germany, too,

the Jews once laughed at my prophecies. I don’t know whether they are still

laughing, or whether they have already lost the inclination to laugh, but I can

assure you that everywhere they will stop laughing.’ In 1925, newly released

from prison, Hitler had written a lengthy editorial in Volkischer Beobachter,

attacking Jews, Marxists and the Weimar Republic. And that was 17 years

before his 1942 ‘not laughing’ speech.

JANUARY 2017


Contempt lies deep in the antechamber of an angry man. No, Farage is not

a Nazi and nor is Trump. Nor are the tinpot right-wing European politicians

who frighten us with their racist dialogue. What is terrifying – and deeply akin

to fascism – is our ability to ‘think’ our way from truth into lies.

Today we don’t need rallies or newsreels because we have the internet

and social media, the addiction of our age. It is a dependency on a drug

which under the infamous ‘diversity of perspectives’ presents morality and

immorality as part of a landscape that spreads out flat to the horizon.

Even we humble reporters can see what is happening. To an extent never

witnessed before, a lot of people have started believing things that aren’t

true. And it is acceptable to do this. And we help them.

12

Today, you can not only deny history – the Armenian and Jewish Holocausts,

Anne Frank’s diary, the gas chambers of Auschwitz – you can also tell fibs,

big or small, about almost anything which annoys you. The Middle East, with

our journalistic help, is deep in the same false world. Every dictator is now

fighting ‘terrorism’ – along with the US, Nato, the EU, Russia, Hezbollah,

Iran, the entire Arab Gulf (minus Yemen, for rather embarrassing reasons),

China, Japan, Australia and – who knows? – Greenland as well.

But justice is not on the menu. This is a word which few politicians,

statesmen, even journalists, any longer use. Neither Trump nor Clinton, nor

the Brexiteers, have talked about justice. I’m not talking about justice for

victims of ‘terror’, or Brits who think they’ve been cheated by the EU, but

real justice for entire nations, for peoples, for the Middle East, even – dare

I mention them? – for Palestinians. They do not live in a ‘post-truth’ world.

They’ve been living among other people’s lies for decades.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


The only effect of last year’s political earthquakes is that we shall feel less

guilty in repeating all these lies. They have now – like war – become normal,

a ‘diversity of perspectives’, part of a familiar, fraudulent world in which

untruthfulness has acquired a ‘weird authenticity’.

Trump is Hitler. Trump is Jesus. National suicide is reincarnation. We may

not yet have understood this. But there are many in the Middle East who will

understand us. Maybe they’ll have the last laugh.

13

war is peace

freedom is slavery

ignorance is strength

(1984)

JANUARY 2017


its

fucking

2017!

14

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


Prejudice,

faith, war and

trumpism all

have something

in common:

they all

flourish when

reason has

died

15

good luck and best

wishes for 2017

JANUARY 2017


A TRUMP RACE &

HORSE-SENSE EUGENICS

Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump has offered a litany of

racist comments, which it turns out may be rooted in his deeper belief in

the inherent superiority of some people ... and not others.

16

The Huffington Post dug back through the archives and found numerous

examples of Trump suggesting that intellect and success are purely

genetic qualities and that having ‘the right genes’ gave him his ‘very

good brain.’

The Frontline documentary ‘The Choice’ premiered a week or so ago on

PBS in the US, and it proves that Trump is pretty much an orange, sniffily

pro-eugenics asshole.

In the documentary, Trump biographer Michael D’Antonio explains that

Trump was raised to believe that success is genetic, and that some people

are just more superior than others:

‘The family subscribes to a racehorse theory of human

development. They believe that there are superior people and

that if you put together the genes of a superior woman and a

superior man, you get a superior offspring.’

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


17

JANUARY 2017


The Huffington Post also took the liberty of compiling a whole bunch of

times Trump suggested that genes are the main factor behind brains and

superiority. Here are just a few choice quotes from good ol’ Trump:

‘All men are created equal. Well, it’s not true. ‘Cause some are smart,

some aren’t.’ ‘When you connect two racehorses, you usually end up with

a fast horse.’ ‘Secretariat doesn’t produce slow horses.’ ‘Do we believe in

the gene thing? I mean, I do.’ ‘I have great genes and all that stuff which,

I’m a believer in.’ Oh, good.

18

One of the first cabinet appointments made by President-elect Donald

Trump was of Steve Bannon as his ‘chief strategist and senior counselor.’

Bannon is the former executive chairman of Breitbart News, a leading

white nationalist website known for spreading fake ‘news’ and for

pushing racist, Islamophobic, misogynistic, and anti-Semitic tropes.

Bannon’s selection drew widespread condemnation from Democratic

members of Congress as well as civil rights, reproductive rights, and

immigrant rights groups.

Retiring Sen. Harry Reid (D-NV) called Bannon a ‘champion of racial

division.’ The Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC), which monitors hate

groups, noted Bannon’s ‘long history of bigotry’ and his role in making

Breitbart the media arm of the racist ‘alt-right’ movement. And several

organizations, including MoveOn.org and BoldProgressives, launched

‘Stop Bannon’ campaigns. Leaders of white nationalist groups in the

United States, on the other hand, rejoiced at Bannon’s ascension. In

fact, I suspect every time Trump and his surrogates have said, ‘this isn’t a

campaign, it’s a movement,’ it’s a call-out to the very white nationalists

celebrating Trump’s win.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


This should be no surprise: Bannon may be the most blatant example

of Trump’s true intentions, but he is by far the rule. Trump’s campaign

was relentlessly and unapologetically rooted in racist, misogynistic, anti-

Semitic, and anti-immigrant statements, themes, and proposals, and his

cabinet reflects the same. As the saying goes, when someone tells you

who they are, believe them.

Indeed, rather than creating a Team of Rivals – in which, as documented

by historian Doris Kearns Goodwin, Abraham Lincoln filled his cabinet

with former rivals who came together and worked toward the greater

good – Trump’s cabinet is shaping up to be a ‘Team of Racists’ hellbent

on further dividing the United States, a strategy that would inevitably

help him to further consolidate power during his first term by sowing

fear and conflict. Virtually all those already appointed, nominated, or

floated for cabinet positions in the new administration are white men

with deeply troubling histories of making statements, promoting policies,

or enforcing laws promoting systemic racism. Based on the people and

the politics they espouse, Trump’s selections must be read as a promise

of an administration that will, in the end, increase the violence toward,

marginalization of, and attacks on Muslims, immigrants, women, LGBTQ

people, and people of colour.

19

Among the selections to date are Alabama GOP Sen. Jeff Sessions for

attorney general of the United States. Sessions has fought against legal

immigration into the United States and has voted against virtually every

immigration bill introduced in Congress in the past two decades. He

opposes a path to citizenship for those who entered the country without

documentation or prior approval. According to the Washington Post,

JANUARY 2017


Session opposes ‘guest worker programs for immigrants in the country

illegally and visa programs for foreign workers in science, math and

high-tech. In 2007, Sessions got a bill passed essentially banning for 10

years federal contractors who hire [undocumented] immigrants.’

‘No Senator has fought harder against the hopes and aspirations of

Latinos, immigrants, and people of color than Sen. Sessions,’ said Rep.

Luis Gutiérrez, an Illinois Democrat, in a statement last week.

20

The Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC reports that Sessions is closely

affiliated with anti-Muslim and anti-immigrant extremist groups who have

cultivated him to be their voice in Congress. The center notes that ‘John

Tanton, founder of the modern-day nativist movement, highlighted the

need for such a congressional champion as a key goal in strategy memos

he drafted in the 1980s. ‘Think how much different our prospects would

be if someone espousing our ideas had the chairmanship!’ Tanton wrote.’

The center further reports that Sessions is closely associated with and

attends meetings held by the Federation for American Immigration

Reform (FAIR), the mission of which is to severely limit immigration into

the United States:

Its leaders have longstanding ties to white supremacist groups and eugenicists

and have made many racist statements. Its advertisements have been rejected

because of racist content. Dan Stein, FAIR’s current president, told Tanton

[FAIR’s founder] in 1994 that those who supported the Immigration and

Nationality Act of 1965, which abolished the racist national origins quotas that

favored immigrants of European descent, wanted to ‘retaliate against Anglo-

Saxon dominance’ and that this ‘revengism’ against whites had created a

policy that is causing ‘chaos and will continue to create chaos.’

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


Sessions is a longtime critic and opponent of civil rights, and while he

voted to reauthorize the Voting Rights Act in 2006, he also praised the

U.S. Supreme Court’s decision gutting the law in 2013. He has called

the NAACP and American Civil Liberties Union ‘Communist-inspired’

and ‘un-American.’ He was denied a federal judgeship in the mid-1980s

because of his racist views and actions.

‘Jeff Sessions has a decades-long record – from his early days as a

prosecutor to his present role as a senator – of opposing civil rights and

equality,’ Sherrilyn Ifill, president of the NAACP’s Legal Defense Fund,

told USA Today in a statement. ‘It is unimaginable that he could be

entrusted to serve as the chief law enforcement officer for this nation’s

civil rights laws.’

21

Another appointee is retired Lt. Gen. Mike Flynn as national security

advisor, a position very close to the president. Flynn has been widely

described as an ‘extreme Islamophobe’ who believes that Islam is a

political ideology, not a religion. The New York Times reports that,

like Trump, Flynn ‘exhibit[s] a loose relationship with facts: General

Flynn, for instance, has said that Shariah, or Islamic law, is spreading

in the United States (it is not). His dubious assertions are so common

that when he ran the Defense Intelligence Agency, subordinates came

up with a name for the phenomenon: They called them ‘Flynn facts.’’

Flynn is a proponent of preventing Muslims from entering the United

States and registering those who are here. Flynn is also believed to have

financial and other ties to Russia and Turkey, indicating serious conflicts

of interests.

JANUARY 2017


A third selection is Rep. Mike Pompeo (R-KS) for director of the Central

Intelligence Agency. Pompeo, who is supported by the Koch brothers,

has numerous times made racist and anti-Muslim remarks. In his 2010

election campaign, he tweeted an article referring to his opponent, Indian-

American Raj Goyle, as an ‘evil’ ‘turban topper.’ After apologizing for

that, a campaign supporter put up billboards exhorting people to ‘Vote

American. Vote Pompeo,’ and ‘True Americans Vote Pompeo,’ implying,

of course, that Goyle, who is indeed American, was not. According to the

Guardian, in 2013, ‘Pompeo was widely criticised by Democrats and the

Council on American-Islamic Relations for saying that Muslim clerics who

did not properly chastise Islamic terrorists were ‘complicit’ in terror attacks.’

22

The list of names for other positions is long and changes daily. But other

possible contenders for positions include former New York Mayor Rudy

Giuliani and former Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach.

Giuliani is well known for failed policies such as ‘stop-and-frisk,’ which

is based on racial profiling, and for his clams that Black Lives Matter

fostered violence against police. In the early ’90s, he actually egged

on a riot by white police officers protesting demands that they be held

more accountable for their actions against people of color. And among

many other things, he’s alternately defended and denied Trump’s birther

crusade and claimed that President Obama does not love America.

Kris Kobach is, among other things, an immigration hard-liner who is

associated with nativist groups and helped Arizona Republicans write

the infamous ‘Show Me Your Papers’ law, SB 1070, later tossed out by

the courts. He is virulently anti-choice and has advocated strongly for a

Muslim registry. He also has pushed hard for laws restricting voter rights.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


As the saying goes, you know a person by the company they keep. And

Trump is surrounding himself with racists many layers deep.

So it’s time for all of us – the media, pundits, Democratic legislators, and

the public – to stop waiting for the ‘pivot.’ It ain’t coming and if we don’t

realize that now, we are all at fault for the unraveling of democracy in the

United States.

Eugenics, first emerged during the 19th century and was used as a

pretext for the sterilisation of disabled people until the practice was

discredited after the Second World War.

Adolf Hitler’s justification for the Holocaust – in which 11 million people

were killed, 6 million of them Jewish – was based on a similar theory of

racial hierarchy. The PBS documentary featured clips of Mr Trump on the

campaign trial claiming that he ‘believes in the gene thing’ and saying he

had a ‘very high aptitude’. It also ran footage of previous interviews from

the real estate magnate’s time as a reality TV star in which he shared his

thoughts on the subject, including a 2010 interview with CNN.

23

He said: ‘Well I think I was born with the drive for success because I have

a certain gene. I’m a gene believer ... Hey, when you connect two race

horses, you usually end up with a fast horse. I had a good gene pool

from the standpoint of that, so I was pretty much driven.’ Mr Trump has

become notorious for his bravado on the campaign trail and claimed he

could solve problems that have plagued policymakers for decades with

ease because he is a ‘smart guy’.

Story edited from articles by Jodi Jacobson and Sammy Nickalls

JANUARY 2017


24

Jonathan Shapiro (Zapiro), born in Cape Town, South Africa,

fulfilled his military requirement before becoming active in the

anti-apartheid movement, the United Democratic Front. In 1988,

on a Fulbright scholarship, he studied at the School of Visual Arts

in New York City with premier comic artists Art Spiegelman and

Harvey Kurtzman.

Today Zapiro is a noted editorial cartoonist with a busy schedule

drawing for South Africa’s Mail & Guardian and Sunday

Times. He has published 16 book compilations of his work and

received the 2007 Courage in Editorial Cartooning award from the

Cartoonists Rights Network International, which monitors and

supports the well-being of political cartoonists who find themselves

in trouble because of the power and influence of their professional

work. For several years, he’s been an invited speaker at the World

Economic Forum in Davos.

According to the Daily Maverick, “He didn’t censor himself

before the apartheid government (and he was jailed for it), he doesn’t

censor himself to appease big business, and he certainly doesn’t censor

himself to please the African National Congress — he is one of

those who takes most seriously Section 16 of the South African

constitution, the part where freedom of expression is enshrined.”

(below, left)

This cartoon conveys the

sense of loss of many South

Africans in 1999, when

their beloved President

Mandela retired.

(below, right)

In September 2008, Zapiro

depicted South African

President Jacob Zuma about

to rape Lady Justice with the

help of his allies. Zuma, who

had previously been accused

and acquitted of rape, was

about to receive a judgment

on whether a corruption case

against him would proceed.

Enormous pressure was being

put on the judiciary; anarchy

was threatened if the accusations

were upheld by the

court. The cartoon provoked

intense worldwide debate.

Jonathan Shapiro

12 S A M P S O N I A W A Y

From

photo: Karina Turok

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


(right)

In response to the Everybody Draw

Muhammad Day Campaign of May

2010 — designed to protest the chilling

effects on free speech Muslim death

threats have had in targeting artists

who depict or parody the prophet —

Zapiro drew a cartoon showing

Muhammad visiting his psychologist

and asking why his followers don’t have

a sense of humor. Zapiro sees himself

as asserting his right to free speech.

“I was detained without

trial in 1988.” Jonathan Shapiro

SAMPSONIA WAY: How did you become a

cartoonist?

ZAPIRO: From the age of 8 or 9, I knew that

cartooning was my favorite thing. At 4, I remember

reading [Carl] Giles. But the big ones for me

were Peanuts and Tintin, which I discovered at

about 7 and 8. Those cartoons are still two of

my great inspirations. Schulz and Hergé are

geniuses. At 13, I started to make a book based on

the Tintin action films to impress Hergé and get

him to let me be part of his team. Then I decided,

no, I wanted to do my own stuff.

At the age of 15, there was some pressure to

“be something,” and, of course, there was that

ogre, the army. I thought I’d better do something

“proper” to stay out of the bloody army.

Architecture seemed a good marriage of arts

and science. I got into Cape Town University

easily enough, but I realized architecture was

not where my heart was.

Although I thought of being a cartoonist from

a young age, it was only when I became a political

activist in my mid-20s that I really became a

cartoonist. Drawing cartoons for political organizations

is what really got me started.

SAMPSONIA WAY: What challenges have

you faced as a response to your cartoons?

ZAPIRO: I’ve been involved in a large number

of controversies around my cartoons,

beginning with the very first political pamphlet

I ever did, which was banned by the apartheid

government in 1983. Other bits of graphics and

cartoons I did were also banned. I was interrogated

by the security police about one of them

and was detained without trial in 1988. The

same year an apartheid cabinet minister ranted

in parliament about cartoonists, apparently

attacking me and a colleague. Many of my cartoons

about political, religious, and sexual

issues have been controversial and have sparked

debate in newspapers and other media.

But nothing I’ve ever done has come close to

creating the kind of media frenzy and public

debate sparked by my September 2008 Sunday

Times “Rape of Justice” cartoon.

SAMPSONIA WAY: Have you ever come

close to giving up the work because of the difficulties

imposed on you?

ZAPIRO: For me the problems that I sometimes

face are part of the job. My best way of

dealing with this is to keep doing hard-hitting

cartoons and not get intimidated. I have no

plans to stop doing cartoons.

25

S E P T E M B E R 2 0 11 13JANUARY 2017


26

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


EXCEPTIONAL

EXCEPTIONALISM

Exceptionalism is the doctrine that one’s own people or country has

some special status and destiny. Its probably always been about in

human societies but, in a modern sense, came to the forefront when

europeans took to wandering the globe in search of new markets, cheap

labour, gold, colonies, oil and opium, slaves and strategic advantage ...

discovering new lands and claiming them for their king despite the fact

that these lands were already populated with indiginous societies.

27

Using the ‘we are civilised, you are not’ mantra, marching to a eugenics

tune and claiming their actions were ordained by god or providence,

these europeans either annihilated or cruelly subdued the populations

of these new-found lands. In the 19th century, for example, British

imperialists believed they had a mission to bring ‘superior’ British values

to benighted parts of the world like America, Africa, Australia, Asia ...

Even today, in the ugly spirit of ‘exceptionalism’, and following detested

apartheid solutions, ultra-religious Jews believe that god gave them

the Palestinian land they now occupy on the West Bank, overspilling in

defiance of international law.

JANUARY 2017


Christmas may be over, but for Jews celebrating the festival of Hanukkah

festivities still are in full swing. Though the story of the Maccabees fighting

their oppressors took place thousands of years ago, disputes over who

should control swathes of land in Israel and Palestine are pressing and

pertinent to this day.

28

Following the recent United Nations Resolution 2334, which describes

Israel’s settlements in the West Bank and East Jerusalem as ‘illegal’

and an obstacle to peace with the Palestinians, the Israeli government

has made its position clear: ‘Israel believes itself to be an exception’;

settlements in the occupied territories will continue growing, and any

states or persons who criticise this are ‘anti-semitic’ and making a

‘declaration of war’ against Israel. Ambassadors have been recalled;

meetings with leaders have been cancelled; Israeli aid to Senegal has

been stopped.

However, today the doctrine of exceptionalism is perhaps most pervasive

in the USA. It is part of the national mythology that god inspired the

early colonists, such as the pilgrim fathers, to come to America, and that

settlers of european origin had a ‘manifest destiny to overspread the

continent allotted by providence’. Many in the USA still believe that their

country has a special purpose, to hold up some kind of beacon to the rest

of the world.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


oh, say! does that starspangled

banner yet wave

o’er the land of the free and

the home of the brave?

ironic or what?

29

JANUARY 2017


30

SAM

STONE

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


Sam Stone came home,

To the wife and family

After serving in the conflict overseas.

And the time that he served,

Had shattered all his nerves,

And left a little shrapnel in his knees.

But the morhpine eased the pain,

And the grass grew round his brain,

And gave him all the confidence he lacked,

With a purple heart and a monkey on his back.

There’s a hole in daddy’s arm where all the money goes,

Jesus Christ died for nothin I suppose.

Little pitchers have big ears,

Don’t stop to count the years,

Sweet songs never last too long on broken radios.

31

Sam Stone’s welcome home

Didn’t last too long.

He went to work when he’d spent his last dime

And soon he took to stealing

When he got that empty feeling

For a hundred dollar habit without overtime.

And the gold roared through his veins

Like a thousand railroad trains,

And eased his mind in the hours that he chose,

While the kids ran around wearin’ other peoples’ clothes...

JANUARY 2017


There’s a hole in daddy’s arm where all the money goes,

Jesus Christ died for nothin I suppose.

Little pitchers have big ears,

Don’t stop to count the years,

Sweet songs never last too long on broken radios.

32

Sam Stone was alone

When he popped his last balloon,

Climbing walls while sitting in a chair.

Well, he played his last request,

While the room smelled just like death,

With an overdose hovering in the air.

But life had lost it’s fun,

There was nothing to be done,

But trade his house that he bought on the GI bill,

For a flag-draped casket on a local hero’s hill.

There’s a hole in daddy’s arm where all the money goes,

Jesus Christ died for nothin I suppose.

Little pitchers have big ears,

Don’t stop to count the years,

Sweet songs never last too long on broken radios.

Written by John Prine

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


SAM

STONE

DEAD

33

JANUARY 2017


34

AN

INTERESTING

PAMPHLET

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


¡No pasarán!

The ITF

and the

fight

against

fascism

35

International Transport

Workers’ Federation

JANUARY 2017


¡No pasarán!

The ITF and the fight

against fascism

© ITF 2016

Eyewitness report

compiled in 1933 by ITF

representative Jaap

Oldenbroek on the

situation in Germany

following the Nazi

takeover.

36

International Transport

Workers’ Federation

49-60 Borough Rd, London SE1 1DR

+44 (0)20 7403 2733

www.itfglobal.org

Image courtesy of Manuel Moreno

ITF report from 1935

describing the

underground trade

union networks in Nazi

Germany.

Cover picture: 1936 Spanish

Civil War poster by Pere Catalá.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


¡NO PASARÁN!

The ITF and the fight

against fascism

The struggle to defeat fascism in the 20th century didn’t

begin in 1939 with the outbreak of the Second World

War. The anti-fascist fight had been going on for many

years, and trade unionists were among the first to recognise

the unique dangers posed by this toxic ideology based on

racial superiority, anti-semitism, militarism and dictatorship.

Anti-Nazi illustration produced

for ITF publications in the

1930s.

Trade union activists were key targets of fascist repression. In

Italy, they were blacklisted and punished after Mussolini

seized power in 1922. Strikes were outlawed and opponents

of the fascist regime were brutally persecuted.

37

Trade unionists suffered a similar fate in Germany from

1933 under Hitler’s rule. Unions were closed down, their

assets confiscated and many thousands of union activists

were sent to Nazi concentration camps.

Unions resisted and fought fascism throughout these years.

They did so clandestinely in countries under the heel of

fascist dictators, as well as more openly in those whose

governments pursued a disastrous policy of appeasement

of fascism.

Transport trade unions and the ITF played a leading role in

this fight.

Although not an avowedly

fascist regime, the dictatorship

of Miklós Horthy in Hungary

from 1920 to 1944 displayed

many repressive fascist

characteristics and led Hungary

into alliance with Nazi

Germany. In the summer of

1920 the ITF organised an

international rail border

blockade of the country in

protest at the persecution of

trade unionists and other

opponents of the regime. As a

result the government was

forced to make concessions.

¡No pasarán! ● 3

JANUARY 2017


38

An Italian poster produced by

ITF unions in the 1920s to

encourage transport workers

to take action against fascism.

In Italy more than 30,000

railway workers were sacked

after Mussolini came to power.

The union’s head office was

closed, its leaders were

arrested – and only released

following ITF pressure via the

International Labour

Organization. The same

pattern of repression was

repeated across all transport

sectors. By 1926 only fascist

organisations were allowed to

represent workers.

4 ● ¡No pasarán!

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


ANTI-NAZI ACTIVITIES

Then based in Amsterdam, the ITF was active in

underground anti-Nazi activities in Germany following

Hitler’s rise to power in 1933. Undercover missions were

carried out by ITF officials, and anti-fascist leaflets and

newsletters were distributed via secret trade union networks.

But the dangers for trade unionists were immense if they

were discovered. Hermann Jochade, who had been the ITF

president from 1904 to 1916 and was the leader of the

banned German railway workers’ union (Einheitsverband

der Eisenbahner Deutschlands), was beaten to death by

concentration camp guards in 1939.

He was not the only transport union leader to die at the

hands of the Nazis. Ludvik Buland of the NJF Norwegian

railway workers’ union (Norsk Jernbaneforbund) and Pierre

Semard of the French railway workers’ federation

(Fédération des cheminots CGT) were also murdered.

From 1933 the ITF published the fortnightly Hakenkreuz

über Deutschland (Swastika overGermany). This was

renamed as Faschismus (Fascism) and its focus spread to

include Italy, Austria, Spain and Portugal. It continued

publication until the end of the Second World War in 1945.

Most of this printed material originated in the Netherlands

and was smuggled to Germany by Dutch inland waterway

skippers and crews. Such action helped raise early political

awareness of fascism in Holland and gave many Dutch

The anti-fascist newsletter

Faschismus was published by

the ITF until 1945.

Hermann

Jochade:

murdered by

the Nazis.

39

¡No pasarán! ● 5

JANUARY 2017


There is a memorial

plaque at the head

office of the RMT rail

and maritime

workers’ union in

London that names

the British seafarers

and railway workers

who volunteered to

fight in the Spanish

Civil War.

IBMT

40

6 ● ¡No pasarán!

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


people experience in secretive operations and in building

underground organisations – something that would prove

useful during the Second World War.

THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR

From 1936 to 1939, the international cause of antifascism

was focused on defending the Spanish

Republic against a rebellion led by General Franco and

supported by Hitler and Mussolini.

The Spanish Civil War saw the ITF and transport trade

unions around the world play an active part in efforts to

stop another fascist takeover in Europe.

They warned that Franco’s victory would embolden the

fascist dictators and lead inevitably to a catastrophic world

war. They were proved right, and Britain and France

declared war on Hitler’s Germany in September 1939, just

five months after the defeat of the Spanish Republic.

Many hundreds of transport workers also joined the

International Brigades – the 35,000 volunteers from more

than 50 countries who took up arms to fight for the Spanish

Republic in a remarkable display of international solidarity.

In addition, trade unions played a leading role in

humanitarian campaigns to send food and medical supplies

to Spain and to help refugees from the war.

The Spanish Republic had introduced social reforms, giving

The ITF compiled secret

reports of arms shipments

and troop movements to

fascist-held Spain.

41

¡No pasarán! ● 7

JANUARY 2017


42

International Brigader and Liverpool docker Jack

Jones was the general secretary of Britain’s

biggest union, the Transport & General Workers’

Union, from 1969 to 1978, during which time he

was also a vice president of the ITF. He is pictured

(right, in leather jacket) with other International

Brigaders before the Battle of the Ebro in the

summer of 1938.

IBMT

IBMT

British volunteers in

Barcelona in September

1936 named their unit after

Tom Mann, president of

the ITF from 1896 to 1901.

8 ● ¡No pasarán!

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


women the vote, expanding education and devolving

powers from Madrid.

IBMT

These moves were anathema to fascist and reactionary

forces in Spanish society. Meanwhile, the Western

democracies stayed out of the war and banned arms sales to

the Republic, thereby effectively condemning it to defeat.

Britain and France enforced a policy of ‘non-intervention’,

and turned a blind eye to attacks on merchant ships

lawfully trading with Republican Spain. Scores of

seafarers were killed and injured in these attacks by

German and Italian bombers and submarines. At least

29 British ships were sunk.

Only the Soviet Union and Mexico supported the

Republic. But their help was vastly overshadowed by the

volume of arms, aircraft and troops sent by Fascist Italy

and Nazi Germany to help Franco. He was bolstered too

by sympathetic US corporations who sold him vital

supplies of oil and trucks.

This 1937 Spanish poster says:

‘All the peoples of the world

are in the International

Brigades on the side of the

Spanish people.’

43

The Spanish Civil War was the first major ‘modern’ war of

our age. Civilians and urban centres were deliberately

targeted by the fascists. The bombing of Guernica, for

example, was portrayed in a painting of the same name

that Pablo Picasso painted for the Spanish Republic.

British Film Institute

As was to be the case in the Second World War, more

civilians than combatants were killed in the civil war, and

the sight of refugees in their thousands fleeing the fascist

advance in Spain would soon be replicated throughout

much of Europe.

The British ship Stanwell

following a bombing raid on

the port of Tarragona.

¡No pasarán! ● 9

JANUARY 2017


During the Spanish Civil War a group

of exiled anti-fascist Germans made

regular radio broadcasts from

Barcelona and Madrid to support the

resistance inside Germany. There were

talks by politicians and writers, often

recorded in Paris and brought to Spain

for broadcasting. The ITF’s

underground newspaper Faschismus

(Fascism) was mentioned in

broadcasts.

Artist John Heartfield made this poster

advertising the broadcasts.

44

10 ● ¡No pasarán!

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


ACTION TO HELP SPAIN

The call to help the Spanish Republic resulted in many

ships bound for Franco-held ports being boycotted by

trade union action. The ITF raised funds to send foodships

to Republican Spain, and Edo Fimmen, the ITF general

secretary, and other ITF leaders paid several visits to Spain

to coordinate assistance.

According to one report, the ITF even had its own unit that

was fighting on the side of the anti-fascist militia.

From the start of the war the ITF called on affiliated

unions to inspect all shipments to Spain in order to prevent

armaments reaching the rebels.

45

On visits to Republican Spain, ITF leaders met Spanish

transport trade unions to coordinate assistance. Two

ambulances were donated, and a special fund was set up to

help transport union members killed in action.

This ITF report details u-boat

activity around Spain in the 12

months to February 1938.

Transport unions in Scandinavia urged a complete trade

boycott of Franco’s Spain. But this met resistance from

British unions, who did not want to defy their

government’s ‘non-intervention’ policy.

However, several individual transport unions did take

action, notably dockers in Antwerp.

In August 1936 the Norwegian Transport Workers’ Union

(Norsk Transportarbeiderforbund, NTF) sent a circular to

¡No pasarán! ● 11

JANUARY 2017


Prominent Belgian trade unionist Omer

Becu – who would later serve as ITF

president and general secretary from

1947 to 1960 – organised the

smuggling of weapons to Republican

Spain on the Raymond. For this he was

arrested in 1937 and briefly imprisoned.

A Belgian

newspaper

reports the

arrest of Omer

Becu for arms

smuggling to

Spain.

During the Second World War Becu was

exiled in London and New York, where,

as general secretary of the IMMOA

International Mercantile Marine

Officers’ Association, he worked

closely with the Allies, particularly the

Office for Strategic Studies, a US

wartime intelligence agency. Becu

recruited other union leaders to work

with the OSS and built a radio counterespionage

network that made an

important contribution to the fight

against German u-boats.

46

An Aid Spain antifascist

meeting

organised by the ITF in

Mexico in 1938.

12 ● ¡No pasarán!

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


local branches urging them to take steps to monitor and

halt any shipments of arms and ammunition to fascist

Spain via Norwegian ports.

At the same time Norway’s national trade union federation

(Arbeidernes Faglige Landsorganisasjon, AFL) launched a

solidarity campaign, supported by the NTF, with the aim of

giving financial support to Spanish unions and to the

Spanish socialist party.

In the autumn of 1936 the Norwegian seafarers' union

(Norsk Sjømannsforbund, NSF) advocated a blockade of

all fascist-held ports in Spain. The union told members to

sign off from ships on their way to such ports.

More than 550 Danes, most of them seafarers, went to

Spain to fight in the International Brigades.

Richard Jensen, chair of the Danish marine mechanics’

union, became the agent for a Spanish government-owned

shipping company. He bought and chartered vessels,

mostly manned by Danish seafarers, and smuggled

ammunition and weapons to the Spanish Republic.

In Germany, the ITF’s secret information network,

especially among Hamburg dockers, was able to collect

information on arms shipment to Hitler’s Condor Legion

in Spain.

ITF observation posts were also established in the ports of

Cardiff, Rotterdam, Antwerp and Gdynia in order to

monitor shipping traffic to Spain, and in numerous cases

shipments of weapons and ammunition were stopped.

Dockers in Hamburg, from

where Hitler’s Condor Legion

set sail for Spain, secretly

monitored shipments to

Franco’s Spain.

Aircraft parts in Hamburg

ready to load on a vessel

bound for Spain.

47

¡No pasarán! ● 13

JANUARY 2017


48

Published in Antwerp, the anti-fascist newsletter

Die Schiffahrt (Shipping) was distributed among German

seafarers and was circulated in Antwerp, Rotterdam and

ports in Denmark, Norway and the US.

14 ● ¡No pasarán!

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


Seafarers in Franco-held ports also relayed military

information back to the ITF, which was then passed on to

the Spanish Republican authorities.

By the end of 1938, however, when it became clear that

Franco would win, the ITF’s work in Spain shifted more

and more to helping refugees.

SEAFARERS IN SOLIDARITY

Here is an extract, titled ‘On the situation in Spain’,

from the illegal German ITF newsletter Die

Schiffahrt (Shipping), which was published between 1936

and 1938…

The struggle of the working people of Spain against the

reactionary fascist military clique goes on. Every worker,

every peasant, every seafarer and every salaried employee

knows now what the war is about. The workers are fighting

for bread and freedom, that is to say, for a socialist Spain.

The rebel generals are fighting for the suppression of the

workers and their trade unions and political parties. They

want to combine the supremacy of profiteering capitalists and

the reactionary landed estates with the power of the

malevolent Spanish clergy within an anti-progressive

dictatorship.

The German ITF group has given practical expression to

the solidarity of all German seafarers and boatmen, by which

ranks of its stewards and activists have gone to Spain to take

part in the fight against the fascists alongside the government

of the Popular Front.

Extracts from reports given

to the ITF by escaped inmates

of German concentration

camps in 1938.

49

¡No pasarán! ● 15

JANUARY 2017


50

Edo Fimmen (above) and Nathan

Nathans (below).

The ITF’s headquarters were in Amsterdam during the

1930s. In anticipation of war, most ITF staff relocated to

London in August 1939. One, however, Arie Treurniet,

volunteered to stay behind in charge of the Amsterdam

office. He was there when the Nazis invaded the

Netherlands a year later, was arrested shortly

afterwards and spent over two years in Buchenwald

concentration camp.

16 ● ¡No pasarán!

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


German seafarers! Report all weapons shipments that are

leaving German ports bound for the Spanish fascists! Stop

these transports by any means!

Down with fascism! Long live the victory of the Spanish

workers and peasants!

DUTCHMEN AT THE HELM

Three Dutchmen at the head of the ITF were closely

identified with the anti-fascist struggle.

As its general secretary, Edo Fimmen led the ITF through

the period that witnessed the rise of fascism in Europe. He

took personal charge of much of the clandestine activity in

Nazi Germany and strongly championed the cause of

democracy in Spain.

Nathan Nathans, a former clerk with Dutch railways, was

ITF assistant general secretary from 1924. He was a

tireless campaigner for the Spanish Republic in the early

months of the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1937 in

an air crash near Brussels while on a mission to help

Spanish refugees.

Fimmen, who died in 1942, was succeeded as ITF general

secretary by another Dutchman, Jaap Oldenbroek (later to

become, from 1949, the first general secretary of the

International Confederation of Free Trade Unions).

Oldenbroek used the ITF’s underground trade union

networks to collaborate with the intelligence services of the

Correspondence from exiled

German anti-fascist Willy

Brandt to ITF general secretary

Edo Fimmen.

51

¡No pasarán! ● 17

JANUARY 2017


52

For more information

●‘The International Transportworkers

Federation 1914-1945: The Edo Fimmen

Era’ by Bob Reinalda (ed.), Stichting

beheer IISG: Amsterdam, 1997.

●‘Solidarity:The First 100 Years of the

International Transport Workers’

Federation (no author), Pluto Press:

London, 1996.

●‘Widerstand und internationale

Solidarität. Die Internationale

Transportarbeiter-Föderation (ITF) im

Widerstand gegen den

Nationalsozialismus’ by Dieter Nelles,

Klartext Verlag, Essen, 2001.

●‘La Marina Mercante y elTráfico

Marítimo en la Guerra Civil’ by Rafael

González Etchegaray, Editorial San

Martín, Madrid, 1977.

●ITF archives at the Modern Records

Centre, University of Warwick; see

www2.warwick.ac.uk/services/

library/mrc/studying/docs/

antifascism

●Article on the website of Stichting

Spanje 1936-1939, the Dutch

International Brigades memorial

association: https://spanje3639.

org/2015/04/24/zender-298

●See also the Finnish-based ‘Train to

Spain’ project, bringing together

artists, historians and labour

movement activists to remember the

Scandinavian volunteers in theSpanish

Civil War: www.atraintospain.com

Allies to defeat Nazism. He oversaw many covert

operations, including acts of sabotage against transport

facilities used by the Axis Powers.

REMEMBER THEM TODAY

The heroic efforts of transport trade unionists who

opposed fascism deserve to be remembered today. The

early decades of last century saw the rise of modern

fascism, a toxic creed that remains alive in the 21st century

– though it tries to hide its true nature. Fascist-inspired

beliefs still have the power to divide workers, provoke

racial and ethnic conflict, destroy trade unions, trample on

human rights – and cause wars.

Trade unions around the world must always be vigilant in

the face of such challenges. In doing so we can draw

inspiration from that generation of brave transport trade

unionists who, against the odds and often sacrificing their

lives, were the first anti-fascists to say, as their slogan in

Spain declared: ‘They shall not pass!’ – ‘¡No pasarán!’

18 ● ¡No pasarán!

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20

‘Money for Hitler means war in Europe’: anti-Nazi sticker circulated

by the ITF in the 1930s.


This booklet has been written by

Jim Jump, of the International

Brigade Memorial Trust,

London.

Designed by Mick Jones,

the commemorative plate

to mark the ITF’s

centenary in 1996

made reference to

the ITF’s role in

the fight

against

fascism.

53

With thanks to

●Rien Dijkstra, of the Stichting Spanje 1936-1939,

Amsterdam.

●Tore Are Johansen, of the Arbeiderbevegelsens Arkiv

og Bibliotek, Oslo.

●ReinhardtSilbermann of the Kämpfer und Freunde

derSpanischen Republik 1936-1939 e.V., Hamburg.

This project has also

received help from the

British train drivers’

union ASLEF and from the

Norwegian locomotive

workers’ union NLF.

JANUARY 2017


¡No pasarán!

The ITF and the

fight against

fascism

54

International Transport

Workers’ Federation

49-60 Borough Rd, London SE1 1DR

+44 (0)20 7403 2733

www.itfglobal.org

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


55

JANUARY 2017


56

Crikey ... a virtual keyboard,

use it at your own peril

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 14


deep breath

comrades ... capitalism, war,

brexit and a macho trump still

sit high on our compost heap

stinking the place out ... they

need to be turned over!

57

Artwork: Alan Rutherford

JANUARY 2017


58

Writing

worth reading

Photos

worth seeing

http://www.coldtype.net

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


59

JANUARY 2017


Artwork: still unknown

oi editor ...

we have had a couple

of comments and goodly

remarks, but no articles

or things for

publication

60

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 20


WAFFLE

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

LETTERS

Dear Editor ...

Same old same old!

Absolutely damaged by the swiftly decaying state of

the world ... Words fail me, what is the use of words

when the person you are saying them to is unable

to grasp your, and their, meaning? [again, is this the

only letter we have? ... (‘yes’, ed.)]

Worryingly, we have left even that irrational road,

the one where stupidity reigns, and now follow a

path where basic facts and knowledge acquired over

time are being replaced by entrenched banal myths,

hearsay and superstition. The shit-faced fudge of

complacency and the mad spouters will now be

defended to the death by the threat of nuclear war.

Reason cannot be relied on in the present or near

future (if ever?) and its utterly terrifying. Just who

are the terrorists? For evidence of this I direct your

attention to a President Donald Trump and his

campaign to trump-trump-trumpety-trump all over

the world. And, as Britain’s government is the happy

lapdog of US mischief in the world ... and a blindly

loyal follower of US foreign policy, what will our May

government do now as Trump begins his Term of

Ignorance?

61

Whilst I remain optimistic about the future I am

absolute in my scepticism about whether the

business-arses and their sycophantic political

stooges, Blairites and Tories – or the US circus

and their trumping flunkies – will come up with

anything remotely of benefit to anyone other than

the rampantly corrupt ruling class wankers intent on

fucking us all.

JANUARY 2017


HAND OVER

FIST PRESS

2 0 1 7


HAND OVER FIST PRESS

SHEEP

IN THE ROAD

21


Ah, money money money

in a rich man’s world


it is so funny, that you fuckers

can’t take it with you


d

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


The

CONTENTS

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Edit & Design:

Alan Rutherford

a lot of odds in

this issue, but

fuck it!

Published online by

www.handoverfistpress.com

Photograph of Bill: Alan Rutherford

Cover photograph:

Alan Rutherford

Frontispiece: Hans Holbien

Photographs, words and

artwork sourced from ‘found

in the scrapbook of life’, no

intentional copyright

infringement intended,

credited whenever possible,

so, for treading on any toes

... apologies all round!

There is no deadline for

submitting articles to be

included in the next issue, it

will appear whenever, or in

your dreams!

Articles to:

alanrutherford1@mac.com

Opening 03

John Berger 05

The Lottery 11

February 1917 17

On the farm 25

Law Centre 41

Letters 65

1

FEBRUARY 2017


... the main poin

again: war is pe

freedom is slave

ignorance is stre

– and that was

news, goodnigh


ts

ace,

ry,

ngth

the

t

OPENING

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Blah-blahblah-blahblah-

There is no reason

for the end to

justify the means

as long as there

is something

worthwhile to be

justified in the end

Slyce n’Ice

Hello,

Welcome to magazine number 21.

Ignoring the media circus, lies and bullshit

that parades as news ... mis-directing our

attention, here is a magazine produced

freely to be read freely.

All articles and artwork supplied, or found

in newspapers lining the bottom of the

canary cage, were gratefully received

and developed with love, enthusiasm and

sympathy here at Hand Over Fist Press.

Nobody got paid. Perhaps that is the

problem? Anyway, ‘Sheep in the Road’ will

now appear very sporadically.

Without contributors this project has

failed to live up to its original ideal!

Maybe the last issue for a while (or maybe

not?) ... in the meantime, a luta continua!

3

FEBRUARY 2017


4

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


JOHN BERGER’S RARE ART

CRITICISM

by Elisa Wouk Almino

Berger’s art criticism succeeds because of its tangibility — it is grounded

in human experience, historical events, and the physical artworks.

“Reality is not a given: it has to be continually sought out, held — I am

tempted to say salvaged,” John Berger writes in his 1983 essay “The

Production of the World.” Berger, the art critic and author who died

yesterday at age 90, believed reality was obscured by a “screen of

clichés,” controlled by mainstream culture and those in power. For him,

good art brought reality back into focus, and in that sense could be

revolutionary. The job of the art critic was to distill and understand how

and why an artist accomplished this, and why her work resonates.

5

In 2017, reality seems to be quickly slipping from our grasp — in my

lifetime, it seems, more than ever. Following the election of Donald

Trump, Paul Holdengräber interviewed John Berger, who gave the

following advice: “The less hot air you make and the more tangible you

are, the better chance you have at this moment.”

Berger’s art criticism succeeds, I think, because of its tangibility — it is

grounded in human experience, specific historical events, and always

the physical marks on the artworks. In art writing, these qualities are

FEBRUARY 2017


are, as enough of it panders to an art market which has given every

indication of carrying on with business as usual under Trump. However,

the dearth of art criticism, which is a relatively nascent form in itself, is

not a new problem. In 1957, Berger wrote an extensive article for the

Universities & Left Review outlining the various shortcomings of Britain’s

art critics and how they could improve their craft. Titled “Wanted —

Critics,” the article condemns the still-common tendency for writers to rely

on description and technical (or straight-up nonsensical) language. The

result is that too many art writers avoid saying much at all.

6

At graduate school, I was introduced to Berger’s larger body of work,

besides his seminal book and TV series Ways of Seeing. He has since

been among the critics who’ve kept me company, whose words have

always seemed worth revisiting, referencing, and arguing with. Berger’s

criticism is by no means perfect; his focus, like the art history most of us

are taught, is overwhelmingly Western and male. But it is his approach

that marked me, his uncommon ability to dive into the sensory details

of an artwork and resurface with a politicized argument that applies far

beyond the work itself. Writers, especially in art, tend to choose politics or

aesthetics. Berger made no such distinction.

I recently spoke with a group of college art journal students, and when

asked to share reading material, I brought John Berger. I wanted to

encourage them to do what I’ve been striving to do myself: write what I’m

actually thinking, and with feeling. To let go of fear and be direct.

Berger likes to ground his essays in a question. He asks of the Dutch

painter Johannes Vermeer, “What was it that he wanted to say in the

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


stillness of his rooms which the light fills like water a tank?” And of the

French Post-Impressionist Pierre Bonnard, “What was his color for?”

Berger’s questions, while simply put, are not obvious. He often answers

them by inhabiting the artist’s perspective, tracing back to her initial

gestures, “invisible to us but imaginable,” like Rembrandt looking in

the mirror while painting himself. Or, sometimes, Berger conjures the

moments that inspired an artist to create, like JMW Turner observing the

froth building in the sinks of his father’s barbershop, manifesting later

as painted, violent waves. These accounts have not been verified, but

that didn’t make them any less true for Berger.

His keen interest in the process of making art, and the artist’s

commitment to sharing a new way of looking at the world, was informed

by Marxism. This is especially clear in the first essay I quoted by him, “The

Production of the World,” where he finds reality “confirmed” in Vincent

van Gogh’s paintings. For Berger, they “imitate the active existence — the

labor of being — of what they depict.” “When he painted a road,” he

confidently speculates of van Gogh, “the roadmakers were there in his

imagination.” The artist, in his “endless yearning for reality,” is at work to

produce and communicate it.

7

Berger, who started off as an artist himself, was familiar with the labor of

art. In an essay about drawing his father in his coffin, he describes how

each successive line on the page carries with it its own moment in time.

A drawing is a summary of acts of looking, of being with your subject. For

Berger, the portrait offered “a door through which moments of a life” —

his father’s — “could enter.” It transferred his father’s being more than

any photograph or material object could.

FEBRUARY 2017


Berger’s art criticism, for me, functions almost as another mark on the

artwork, imbuing more life and memory into its porous surface. Art,

with Berger, is not an escape, but brings us back to earth, to what we

love and why. Because good artists take the time to scrutinize the world

around them. And right now, that’s the best advice we can get.

John Berger died 2 January 2017.

This essay taken from hyperallergic.com

8

I have a couple of books by John Berger.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


9

FEBRUARY 2017


10

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


THE LOTTERY

A review of the Graphic Novel by Myles Hyman: a reincarnation of

a sinister Shirley Jackson story. Hyman’s adaptation is a strong effort

to retain the original tale’s sparse horror while making the most of its

compelling visual possibilities

Review by Rachel Elizabeth Jones

Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery” is one of American literature’s most

famous and crystalline examples of using the “banality of evil” — a

theory put forth by Hannah Arendt to describe Nazi Adolf Eichman’s

role in the Holocaust — to shock, enrage, and, hopefully, instruct. First

published in The New Yorker on June 26, 1948, the 3,430-word short

story describes the quaint hustle and bustle of a small town’s annual

tradition: a systematic game of chance that ends in the stoning to death

of one of the villagers.

11

As the United States and the world struggle for purchase in the fog of

Donald Trump’s election and reckon with the fascist trajectory of recent

history, “The Lottery” has been reincarnated as a graphic novel by

Jackson’s grandson, Myles Hyman. Hill and Wang released the Parisbased

artist and illustrator’s visual adaptation in late October of 2016,

amid a revival — and ad nauseam claims of a revival — of interest in

Jackson’s work and persona.

FEBRUARY 2017


12

In his book’s preface, Hyman writes that his grandmother’s story is a

“no-nonsense, largely hermetic structure, words joined with a jeweler’s

precision.” Jackson wrote “The Lottery” in the same style as the action

that unfolds: perfunctorily, with minimal fuss and negligible room for

interpretation or change. (There has been much speculation about the

degree to which the story expresses the way Jackson perceived life in

the small New England town of North Bennington, Vermont. These

discussions often include unconfirmed rumors that her family’s home was

once vandalized with a swastika drawn in soap.)

I

Despite such narrative impermeability, Hyman deftly shapes his rendition

by introducing some key visual elements: extreme shadow and contrast,

attention to timepieces, and the repeated use of circles, which gesture

toward both the shape of a clock and the heavy graphite dot that marks

the lottery’s “winner.”

Hyman also elongates and embellishes the original timeline, so that the

story opens not on the morning of June 27 as Jackson had it, but on the

night before. A full moon rises above the empty, shadow-mottled streets

of a rural Small Town, U.S.A., as a lone car passes through the eerie

town center, high beams aglow. Two men meet in a storefront, preparing

folded slips of paper, which they then deposit into a black box through

a single hand-sized hole in the top. Here, Hyman introduces the first

of multiple views from within the box, an “impossible” perspective that

suggests the involvement in the rite of a nonhuman force.

For maximum effect, Jackson avoided foreshadowing anything sinister;

Hyman’s distinctly noir opening sequence is a departure that — smartly

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


— does not attempt to recreate the blasé horror of her original. It does,

however, echo the story’s emphasis on both ritual and ordinariness; of

course, someone would have to prepare the paper slips in advance.

The drama of Hyman’s shadowing carries forward from that evening

into the next morning — “The morning of June 27 was clear and sunny,

with the fresh warmth of a full-summer day,” Jackson began. Hyman’s

muted colors and heavy shadows negate summer airiness, just as the

mundane scenes — chopping wood, looking out the window, a hand

on a doorknob or fingers unbuttoning a shirt — are made meaningful

through careful framing.

Hyman also takes an early liberty with the story’s ultimate victim, Tessie

Hutchinson, through his invention of a bath scene. Here, Tessie is young,

slender, and mildly sexualized — a far cry from Olive Dunbar’s portrayal

in the 1969 Encyclopedia Brittanica film adaptation, an educational

16mm that clocks in at just 19 minutes.

13

Hyman’s return to timepieces throughout— the day-by-day wall calendar,

a windowsill alarm clock, a pocket watch, clocks in the bank and the

diner — match well with the time-centric lines he chose to extract from

the text. Far more so than the grave, unsmiling faces of the villagers,

Hyman’s focus on units of time captures Jackson’s insinuation of the

dangers of tradition fiercely salvaged from the endless passing of days

and generations.

FEBRUARY 2017


Another way Hyman’s contemporary visual interpretation of “The Lottery”

is significant is that it presents the community as an entirely white one.

Readers of the original story could have easily inferred this, but Hyman’s

retelling confirms it. So while Jackson’s allegory offers layered warnings

about the dangers of historically justified closed-mindedness and mob

behavior — which, throughout time, has fueled violence against specific

groups based on identity— at surface level, it uses a homogenous

community to play out its point to its absurd, barbaric conclusion.

Hyman’s adaptation is a strong effort to retain the original tale’s sparse

horror while making the most of its compelling visual possibilities.

14

Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery” by Myles Hyman is now available from Hill

and Wang.

This review taken from hyperallergic.com

I have bought this book: powerful images; thought provoking storyline.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


15

Artwork: Myles Hyman

FEBRUARY 2017


16

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


RUSSIA

FEBRUARY 1917

From ‘1917: Russia’s Red Year’ by Tim Sanders and John Newsinger:

After more than three years of war, the Russian Empire is at a turning point.

Already two million Russians, soldiers and civilians, have been killed and

yet Tsar Nicholas demands more sacrifice. In the cities, the workers are

going hungry and cold while the rich get richer from the profits of war. The

army and the navy are both in the grip of growing unrest. Across Petrograd

meetings are being held in factories and workshops to vote whether or not

to strike and demonstrate against the war on 23 February, International

Women’s Day.

17

From ‘Russia in Revolution’ by Harrison E. Salisbury:

Few who lived through Monday February 27 in Petrograd ever forgot a

detail of the day. Members of the Duma gathered early at the Tauride

Palace. No one had issued a call for them to assemble. They simply

gravitated there. Before noon the great place was filled with men trying

to understand the meaning of what was in progress, trying to understand

what their role should be. The Duma was not exactly a revolutionary

stronghold. The members were parliamentarians, many of them

Conservatives and supporters of the monarchy. The last thing which they

wanted was to become the centre of a revolution which would bring down

the 300-year rule of the Romanovs.

Anonomous, 1920

FEBRUARY 2017


18

Yet it was quickly clear to men like Rodzyanko that the Duma had become

the eye of the hurricane. As, one by one, the Czar’s crack regiments moved

into the streets of Petrograd and joined the crowds in demolishing the

symbols of Czarist power the Duma emerged as the only instrument of

authority.

Soon word spread through Tauride Palace that troops and workers were

headed there. What was the Duma to do? It was a tricky question. The

Duma had been prorogued by the Czar. Technically, at least, it had no

legal function. Finally, it was agreed to form a ‘Provisional Committee’

of all the parties except those of the right. The purpose of the Committee

was to restore order and establish contact with public organisations and

institutions; in a word, to fill the power vacuum which was being created by

the dissolution of the Czarist government.

Hardly had the new Committee been formed than those within the

Tauride Palace heard a distant murmur which grew louder until it swelled

into a noise like rolling thunder. This was the sound of tramping feet, of

shouting voices. It was the sound of the people of Petrograd, thousands

upon thousands of them, marching to the Tauride Palace, surrounding it,

enveloping it, engulfing it.

The crowd filled the courtyards, it surged into the palace, it thronged the

corridors and flowed into the halls and chambers. No Duma member had

ever seen anything like it. Nor had anyone in Petrograd. There had never

been anything like it.

Some members wer in panic. they thought they would be lynched. But not

Kerensky. He rushed to greet the soldiers and workers, to join and unify

their aspirations and emotions with those of the Duma. Quickly other

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


Duma leaders took up this posture, welcoming the people, haranguing

them in the name of the Revolution. Without anyone quite noticing,

the ‘February events’ became on that Monday afternoon the ‘February

Revolution’, a revolution in which not a single revolutionary had yet played

any role. It had been made by ordinary citizens, particularly by angry

women, housewives sick and tired of standing in freezing queues before

empty shops, and by sympathetic soldiers who felt their role was with the

people rather than with the distant Czar and his bureaucrats. To only a few

of those in Tauride Palace that afternoon was the meaning of this complex

yet simple transition clear and even later confusion persisted over what had

happened, how it had happened and why it had happened.

In the course of attacks on the prisons some radicals and revolutionaries

were released, most of them from the lower echelons, and these men

and women began to drift toward the Tauride Palace. For several days

the factories had been naming members to a Soviet or Council such as

had been set up in 1905 and a meeting of these delegates, together with

representatives of the troops, was called for the vening of the 27th at 7pm

at the Tauride.

19

Events moved swiftly, without support of the army the Duma’s provisional

committee and the Czar were cast aside and by October, through popular

demands and the necessary party discipline of vanguard revolutionaries,

the Bolsheviks had become leaders of the many Soviets and Councils and

ultimately the Russian Revolution ... a brief but glorious flash of Socialism!

FEBRUARY 2017


20

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


21

FEBRUARY 2017


Royal Academy of Arts

REVOLUTION:

RUSSIAN ART

1917-1932

on until 17 April 2017

Artwork on right by

Boris Mikhailovich Kustodiev

Bolshevik 1920.


24

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


FREE FLIGHT

GROUNDED

& SQUASHED

THE

REVOLUTION

25

BETRAYED

Photograph: Alan Rutherford

FEBRUARY 2017


26

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


ON

27

PHOTOGRAPHS

ALAN RUTHERFORD

THE

FARM

FEBRUARY 2017


28

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


29

FEBRUARY 2017


30

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


31

FEBRUARY 2017


32

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


33

FEBRUARY 2017


34

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


35

FEBRUARY 2017


36

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


37

FEBRUARY 2017


38

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


39

FEBRUARY 2017


40

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


41

FEBRUARY 2017


42

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


The LAW CENTRE

in Gloucester:

the early years

The Law Centre was opened by the then Mayor of Gloucester, Councillor

Elsie Hedge, on 15 September 1985. The campaign to set up a Law

Centre in Gloucester had begun in 1977, and following much hard work

by the Steering Group the Labour and Liberal Democrat Groups on a

balanced City Council voted to fund the project. The original staff team

was one solicitor, three advice workers and one interpreter/administrator,

and the following year the City Council accepted the need for an

additional solicitor.

43

For the first two years, the Law Centre was based in cramped,

inaccessible premises in Park Road. On 11 August 1987 the Centre

moved to Widden Street. The Chair of the Management Committee, local

solicitor Jon Holmes, received the keys to the building from the Chairman

of the landlords, the Muslim Welfare Association, and the building was

officially opened by the then Mayor, Councillor Andrew Gravells. The

Widden Street premises were fully accessible to wheelchair users and had

enough space to involve volunteers in the running of the Centre.

FEBRUARY 2017


44

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


45

Posters: Alan Rutherford, 1987

Shortly after the Law Centre moved to Widden Street, the Conservative

led Council elected in May 1987 announced plans to cut half a million

pounds from its budget. The Law Centre was singled out as a target,

with a proposed cut in funding of 50%, and the first of two campaigns

to save the Law Centre began. Four hundred people marched through

Gloucester protesting, petitions were signed by thousands, and

eventually two Conservative councillors voted against their group to

restore full funding for 1988/89.

FEBRUARY 2017


The following year, sfter the Law Centre supported and advised

Gloucester Council tenants campaigning against the sell-off of their

homes to a Housing Association based in Newcastle, the Conservative

led Council announced plans to withdraw funding from the Law Centre

completely from April 1989. A second, even omre vigorous campaign

began, and a thousand people braved torrential rain to march through

Gloucester in protest. In early March 1989 the Conservatives lost overall

control of the Council after losing a by-election, and the Law Centre was

saved again.

46

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21

Signage: Alan Rutherford, 1985


47

FEBRUARY 2017


Artwork & Photograph: Alan Rutherford, 1987

48

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


49

CHELTENHAM

1987

FEBRUARY 2017


50

Photograph: of Tewkesbury Alan Rutherford

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


51

FEBRUARY 2017


52

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


53

FEBRUARY 2017


www.rrbphotobook

http://strangelyfam

54

Scarecrow

Photograp

Peter Mitch

and his

publisher

Rudi Thoem

New book:

A New Refutati

Viking 4 Space

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


her

ell

...

mes

55

on of the

Mission

s.com

iliar.co.uk

FEBRUARY 2017


56

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


57

FEBRUARY 2017


58

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


59

FEBRUARY 2017


60

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


61

FEBRUARY 2017


62

Crikey ... a virtual keyboard,

use it at your own peril

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 14


deep breath

comrades ... capitalism, war,

brexit and a macho trump still

sitting high on our compost

heap stinking the place out ...

they need to be turned over!

63

Artwork: Alan Rutherford

FEBRUARY 2017


64

Writing

worth reading

Photos

worth seeing

http://www.coldtype.net

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


65

FEBRUARY 2017


Artwork: still unknown

oi matey editor ...

we have had a few more

comments and goodly

remarks, but still no

articles or things for

publication

66

oh shit

this letters page is just

boring me to death

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 21


WAFFLE

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

LETTERS

Dear Editor ...

Same old same old!

Absolutely damaged by the swiftly decaying state of

the world ... Words fail me, what is the use of words

when the person you are saying them to is unable

to grasp your, and their, meaning? [again, is this the

only letter we have? ... (‘yes’, ed.)]

Worryingly, we have left even that irrational road,

the one where stupidity reigns, and now follow a

path where basic facts and knowledge acquired over

time are being replaced by entrenched banal myths,

hearsay and superstition. The shit-faced fudge of

complacency and the mad spouters will now be

defended to the death by the threat of nuclear war.

Reason cannot be relied on in the present or near

future (if ever?) and its utterly terrifying. Just who

are the terrorists? For evidence of this I direct your

attention to a President Donald Trump and his

campaign to trump-trump-trumpety-trump all over

the world. And, as Britain’s government is the happy

lapdog of US mischief in the world ... and a blindly

loyal follower of US foreign policy, what will our May

government do now as Trump begins his Term of

Ignorance?

67

Whilst I remain optimistic about the future I am

absolute in my scepticism about whether the

business-arses and their sycophantic political

stooges, Blairites and Tories – or the US circus

and their trumping flunkies – will come up with

anything remotely of benefit to anyone other than

the rampantly corrupt ruling class wankers intent on

fucking us all.

FEBRUARY 2017


HAND OVER

FIST PRESS

2 0 1 7


HAND OVER FIST PRESS

SHEEP

IN THE ROAD

22


in a rich man’s world

Ah-ha, money money money


it is so funny, that you fuckers

can’t take it with you


d

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


The

CONTENTS

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Edit & Design:

Alan Rutherford

again, lot of odds

in this issue, but

have a look!

Published online by

www.handoverfistpress.com

Photograph of Joe at Didley: Alan Rutherford

Cover: Bolshevik flyposter,

photograph: Alan Rutherford

Frontispiece: Hans Holbien

Photographs, words and

artwork sourced from ‘found

in the scrapbook of life’, no

intentional copyright

infringement intended,

credited whenever possible,

so, for treading on any toes

... apologies all round!

There is no deadline for

submitting articles to be

included in the next issue, it

will appear whenever, or in

your dreams!

Articles to:

alanrutherford1@mac.com

Opening 03

Trumpmen: Carson 05

Beyond Theory 09

River Avon 18

Brian 25

1851-1951 26

Letters 111

1

MARCH 2017


... the main poin

again: war is pe

freedom is slave

ignorance is stre

– and that was

news, goodnigh


ts

ace,

ry,

ngth

the

t

OPENING

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Blah-blahblah-blahblah-

There is no reason

for the end to

justify the means

as long as there

is something

worthwhile to be

justified in the end

Slyce n’Ice

Hello,

Welcome to magazine number 22.

Ignoring the media circus, lies and bullshit

that parades as news ... mis-directing our

attention, here is a magazine produced

freely to be read freely.

All articles and artwork supplied, or found

in newspapers lining the bottom of the

canary cage, were gratefully received

and developed with love, enthusiasm and

sympathy here at Hand Over Fist Press.

Nobody got paid. Perhaps that is the

problem? Anyway, ‘Sheep in the Road’ will

now appear very sporadically.

Without contributors this project has

failed to live up to its original ideal!

Maybe the last issue for a while (or maybe

not?) ... in the meantime, a luta continua!

3

MARCH 2017


4

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


TRUMPMEN

From the African American Republican ‘brother’, now one of Trump’s

coterie, who recently said that Egypt’s pyramids were built by the biblical

Joseph to store grain (Nov 2015), Dr Ben Carson compared slaves to

immigrants seeking a better life in his first official address as Housing

and Urban Development (HUD) secretary, setting off an uproar on social

media (7 March 2017).

In what appears to be an embarrassing pattern of missteps on race for

the Trump administration, Carson told a room packed with hundreds

of federal workers that the Africans captured, sold and transported to

America against their will had the same hopes and dreams as early

immigrants.

5

“That’s what America is about. A land of dreams and

opportunity. There were other immigrants who came here in

the bottom of slave ships, worked even longer, even harder for

less,” said Carson, speaking extemporaneously as he paced

the room with a microphone. “But they, too, had a dream that

one day their sons, daughters, grandsons, granddaughters,

great-grandsons, great-granddaughters might pursue

prosperity and happiness in this land.”

MARCH 2017


SAIL AWAY

In America you’ll get food to eat

Won’t have to run through the jungle

And scuff up your feet

You’ll just sing about Jesus and drink wine all day

It’s great to be an American

6

Ain’t no lions or tigers ain’t no mamba snake

Just the sweet watermelon and the buckwheat cake

Everybody is as happy as a man can be

Climb aboard little wog sail away with me

Sail away sail away

We will cross the mighty ocean into Charleston Bay

Sail away-sail away

We will cross the mighty ocean into Charleston Bay

In America every man is free

To take care of his home and his family

You’ll be as happy as a monkey in a monkey tree

You’re all gonna be an American

Sail away sail away

We will cross the mighty ocean into Charleston Bay

Sail away-sail away

We will cross the mighty ocean into Charleston Bay

Randy Newman

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


sh-i-i-i-t!

that ben did a top

job on me

7

MARCH 2017


8

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


BEYOND THEORY

Spain 1936-39, France 1968

Peggy Kornegger

The revolution is a thing of the people, a popular creation; the counterrevolution

is a thing of the State. It has always been so, and must always be

so, whether in Russia, Spain, or China.

Anarchist Federation of Iberia (FAI) , Tierra y Libertad, July 3, 1936

The so-called Spanish Civil War is popularly believed to have been a simple battle

between Franco’s fascist forces and those committed to liberal democracy. What

has been overlooked, or ignored, is that much more was happening in Spain than

civil war. A broadly-based social revolution adhering to anarchist principles was

taking firm, concrete form in many areas of the country. The gradual curtailment

and eventual destruction of this libertarian movement is less important to discuss

here than what was actually achieved by the women and men who were part of it.

Against tremendous odds, they made anarchism work.

9

The realization of anarchist collectivisation and workers’ self-management

during the Spanish Revolution provides a classic example of organization-plusspontancity.

In both rural and industrial Spain, anarchism had been a part of the

popular consciousness for many years. In the countryside, the people had a long

tradition of communalism; many villages still shared common property or gave

plots of land to those without any. Decades of rural collectivism and co-operation

laid the foundation for theoretical anarchism, which came to Spain in the 1870s

(via the Italian revolutionary, Fanelli, a friend of Bakunin) and eventually gave rise

MARCH 2017


to anarco-syndicalism, the application of anarchist principles to industrial trade

unionism. The Confederacion National del Trebajo, founded in 1910, was the

anarco-syndicalist union (working closely with the militant Federacion Anarquista

Iberica) which provided instruction and preparation for workers’ self-management

and collectivization. Tens of thousands of books, newspapers, and pamphlets

reaching almost every part of Spain contributed to an even greater general

knowledge of anarchist thought 5 . The anarchist principles of non-hierarchical

cooperation and individual initiative combined with anarco-syndicalist tactics of

sabotage, boycott and general strike, and training in production and economics,

gave the workers background in both theory and practice. This led to a successful

spontaneous appropriation of both factories and land after July 1936.

10

When the Spanish right responded to the electoral victory of the Popular Front

with an attempted military takeover, on July 19, 1936, the people fought back

with a fury which checked the coup within 24 hours. At this point, ballot box

success became incidental; total social revolution had begun. While the industrial

workers cither went on strike or actually began to run the factories themselves, the

agricultural workers ignored landlords and started to cultivate the land on their

own. Within a short time, over 60% of the land in Spain was worked collectively

— without landlords, bosses, or competitive incentive. Industrial collectivization

took place mainly in the province of Catalonia, where anarco-syndicalist influence

was strongest. Since 75% of Spain’s industry was located in Catalonia, this

was no small achievement 6 . So, after 75 years of preparation and struggle,

collectivization was achieved, through the spontaneous collective action of

individuals dedicated to libertarian principles.

What, though, did collectivization actually mean, and how did it work?

In general, the anarchist collectives functioned on two levels: (1) small-scale

participatory democracy and (2) large-scale coordination with control at the

bottom. At each level, the main concern was decentralization and individual

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


initiative. In the factories and villages, representatives were chosen to councils

which operated as administrative or coordinating bodies. Decisions always came

from more general membership meetings, which all workers attended. To guard

against the dangers of representation, representatives were workers themselves,

and at all times subject to immediate, as well as periodic, replacement. These

councils or committees were the basic units of self-management. From there, they

could be expanded by further coordination into loose federations which would

link together workers and operations over an entire industry or geographical

area. In this way, distribution and sharing of goods could be performed, as well

as implementation of programs of wide-spread concern, such as irrigation,

transportation, and communication. Once again, the emphasis was on the

bottom-to-top process. This very tricky balance between individuality and

collectivism was most successfully accomplished by the Peasant Federation of

Levant, which included 900 collectives, and the Aragon Federation of Collectives,

composed of about 500 collectives.

11

Probably the most important aspect of self-management was the equalization

of wages. This took many forms, but frequently the “family wage” system was

used, wages being paid to each worker in money or coupons according to her/

his needs and those of dependants. Goods in abundance were distributed freely,

while others were obtainable with “money”.

The benefits which came from wage equalization were tremendous. After

huge profits in the hands of a few men were eliminated, the excess money was

used both to modernize industry (purchase of new equipment, better working

conditions) and to improve the land (irrigation, dams, purchase of tractors, etc.).

Not only were better products turned out more efficiently, but consumer prices

were lowered as well. This was true in such varied industries as: textiles, metal

and munitions, gas, water, electricity, baking, fishing, municipal transportation,

railroads, telephone services, optical products, health services, etc. The workers

MARCH 2017


themselves benefited from a shortened work week, better working conditions,

free health care, unemployment pay, and a new pride in their work. Creativity

was fostered by self-management and the spirit of mutual aid; workers were

concerned with turning out products which were better than those turned out

under conditions of labour exploitation. They wanted to demonstrate that

socialism works, that competition and greed motives are unnecessary. Within

months, the standard of living had been raised by anywhere from 50-100% in

many areas of Spain.

12

The achievements of the Spanish anarchists go beyond a higher standard of

living and economic equality; they involve the realization of basic human ideals:

freedom, individual creativity, and collective cooperation. The Spanish anarchist

collectives did not fail; they were destroyed from without. Those (of the right and

left) who believed in a strong State worked to wipe them out of Spain and history.

The successful anarchism of roughly eight million Spanish people is only now

beginning to be uncovered.

C’est pour toi que tu fais la revolution.

(“It is for yourself that you make the revolution”)

Daniel and Gabriel Cohn-Bendit

Anarchism has played an important part in French history, but rather than delve

into the past, I want to focus on a contemporary event — May- June, 1968.

The May-June events have particular significance because they proved that a

general strike and takeover of the factories by the workers, and the universities

by the students, could happen in a modern, capitalistic, consumption-oriented

country. In addition, the issues raised by the students and workers in France (e.g.

self-determination, the quality of life) cut across class lines and have tremendous

implications for the possibility of revolutionary change in a post-scarcity society.

(See Murrey Bookchin’s Post Scarcity Anarchism (Ramparts Press, 1974) for both

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


an insightful analysis of the May-June events and a discussion of revolutionary

potential in a technological society.)

On March 22, 1968, students at the University of Nanterre, among them

anarchist Daniel Cohn-Bendit, occupied administrative buildings at their school,

calling for an end to both the Vietnam war and their own oppression as students.

(Their demands were similar in content to those of students from Columbia

to Berlin protesting in loco parentis.) The University was closed down, and the

demonstrations spread to the Sorbonne. The SNESUP (the union of secondary

school and university teachers) called for a strike, and the students’ union, the

UNEF, organized a demonstration for May 6. That day, students and police

clashed in the Latin Quarter in Paris; the demonstrators built barricades in the

streets, and many were brutally beaten by the riot police. By the 7th, the number

of protesters had grown to between twenty and fifty thousand people, marching

toward the Etoile singing the Internationale. During the next few days, skirmishes

between demonstrators and police in the Latin Quarter became increasingly

violent, and the public was generally outraged at the police repression. Talks

between labour unions and teachers’ and students’ unions began, and the UNEF

and the FEN (a teachers’ union) called for an unlimited strike and demonstration.

On May 13, around six hundred thousand people — students, teachers, and

workers — marched through Paris in protest.

13

On the same day, the workers at the Sud- Aviation plant in Nantes (a city with

the strongest anarco-syndicalist tendencies in France 9 ) went out on strike. It

was this action that touched off the general strike, the largest in history, including

ten million workers — “professionals and labourers, intellectuals and football

players.” 10 Banks, post offices, gas stations, and department stores closed; the

subway and busses stopped running; and trash piled up as the garbage collectors

joined the strike. The Sorbonne was occupied by students, teachers, and anyone

who wanted to come and participate in discussions there. Political dialogues which

MARCH 2017


questioned the vary basis of French capitalist society went on for days. All over

Paris posters and graffiti appeared: It is forbidden to forbid. Life without dead

times. All power to the Imagination. The more you consume, the less you live.

May- June became both an “assault on the established order” and a “festival of

the streets”. 11 Old lines between the middle and working classes often became

meaningless as the younger workers and the students found themselves making

similar demands: liberation from an oppressive authoritarian system (university or

factory) and the right to make decisions about their own lives.

14

The people of France stood at the brink of total revolution. A general strike had

paralysed the country. The students occupied the universities and the workers,

the factories. What remained to be done was for the workers actually to work the

factories, to take direct unmcdiatcd action and settle for nothing less than total

self-management. Unfortunately, this did not occur. Authoritarian politics and

bureaucratic methods die hard, and most of the major French workers’ unions

were saddled with both. As in Spain, the Communist Party worked against the

direct, spontaneous actions of the people in the streets: the Revolution must be

dictated from above. Leaders of the CGT (the Communist workers’ union) tried

to prevent contacts between the students and workers, and a united left soon

became an impossibility. As de Gaulle and the police mobilized their forces

and even greater violence broke out, many strikers accepted limited demands

(better pay, shorter hours, etc.) and returned to work. Students continued their

increasingly bloody confrontations with police, but the moment had passed. By

the end of June, France had returned to “normality” under the same old Gaullist

regime.

What happened in France in 1968 is vitally connected to the Spanish Revolution

of 1936; in both cases anarchist principles were not only discussed but

implemented. The fact that the French workers never did achieve working selfmanagement

may be because anarco-syndicalism was not as prevalent in France

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


in the years prior to 1968 as it was in Spain before 1936. Of course, this is an

over-simplification; explanation for a “failed” revolution can run on into infinity.

What is crucial here, once again, is the fact that it happened at all. May-June

1968, disproves the common belief that revolution is impossible in an advanced

capitalist country. The children of the French middle and working classes, bred

to passivity, mindless consumerism, and/or alienated labor, were rejecting much

more than capitalism. They were questioning authority itself, demanding the

right to a free and meaningful existence. The reasons for revolution in modern

industrial society are thus no longer limited to hunger and material scarcity; they

include the desire for human liberation from all forms of domination, in essence a

radical change in the very “quality of everyday life”. 12 They assume the necessity

of a libertarian society. Anarchism can no longer be considered an anachronism.

It is often said that anarchists live in a world of dreams to come and do

not see things which happen today. We see them only too well, and in their

true colors, and that is what makes us carry the hatchet into the forest of

prejudices that besets us.

Peter Kropotkin

15

There are two main reasons why revolution was aborted in France: (1) inadequate

preparation in the theory and practice of anarchism and (2) the vast power of the

State coupled with authoritarianism and bureaucracy in potentially sympathetic

left-wing groups. In Spain, the revolution was more widespread and tenacious

because of the extensive preparation. Yet it was still eventually crushed by a

fascist State and authoritarian leftists. It is important to consider these two factors

in relation to the situation in the United States today. We are not only facing a

powerful State whose armed forces, police, and nuclear weapons could instantly

destroy the entire human race, but we also find ourselves confronting a pervasive

reverence for authority and hierarchical forms whose continuance is ensured

daily through the kind of home-grown passivity bred by family, school, church,

MARCH 2017


and TV screen. In addition, the U.S. is a huge country, with only a small, sporadic

history of anarchist activity. It would seem that not only are we unprepared, we

arc literally dwarfed by a State more powerful than those of France and Spain

combined. To say we are up against tremendous odds is an understatement.

16

But where does defining the Enemy as a ruthless, unconquerable giant lead

us? If we don’t allow ourselves to be paralysed by fatalism and futility, it could

force us to redefine revolution in a way that would focus on anarca-feminism as

the framework in which to view the struggle for human liberation. It is women

who now hold the key to new conceptions of revolution, women who realize

that revolution can no longer mean the seizure of power or the domination

of one group by another — under any circumstances, for any length of time.

It is domination itself that must be abolished. The very survival of the planet

depends on it. Men can no longer be allowed to wantonly manipulate the

environment for their own self-interest, just as they can no longer be allowed to

systematically destroy whole races of human beings. The presence of hierarchy

and authoritarian mind-set threaten out human and planetary existence. Global

liberation and libertarian politics have become necessary, not just Utopian pipe

dreams. We must “acquire the conditions of life in order to survive”.

Taken from an article in Second Wave, an American feminist magazine edited

by Peggy Kornegger, 1975

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


17

MARCH 2017


18

RIVER AVON

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


19

MARCH 2017


20

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


21

MARCH 2017


22

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


23

MARCH 2017


24

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


Artwork

Brian David Rutherford

1950-1977

... I recently found some letters from him, re-reading them makes me

quite sad as I think, were he alive now, it would be the most wonderful

thing and we would chat and chat ... I miss him.

25

From ‘Sheep in the Road 1’, 2014

MARCH 2017


26

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


TRADE

UNION

PAMPHLET

FROM

1951

27

MARCH 2017


28

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


29

MARCH 2017


30

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


31

MARCH 2017


32

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


33

MARCH 2017


34

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


35

MARCH 2017


36

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


37

MARCH 2017


38

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


39

MARCH 2017


40

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


41

MARCH 2017


42

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


43

MARCH 2017


44

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


45

MARCH 2017


46

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


47

MARCH 2017


48

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


49

MARCH 2017


50

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


51

MARCH 2017


52

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


53

MARCH 2017


54

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


55

MARCH 2017


56

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


57

MARCH 2017


58

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


59

MARCH 2017


60

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


61

MARCH 2017


62

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


63

MARCH 2017


64

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


65

MARCH 2017


66

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


67

MARCH 2017


68

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


69

MARCH 2017


70

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


71

MARCH 2017


72

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


73

MARCH 2017


74

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


75

MARCH 2017


76

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


77

MARCH 2017


78

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


79

MARCH 2017


80

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


81

MARCH 2017


82

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


83

MARCH 2017


84

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


85

MARCH 2017


86

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


87

MARCH 2017


88

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


89

MARCH 2017


90

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


91

MARCH 2017


92

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


93

MARCH 2017


94

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


95

MARCH 2017


96

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


97

MARCH 2017


98

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


99

MARCH 2017


100

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


101

MARCH 2017


102

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


103

MARCH 2017


104

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


105

MARCH 2017


hmmm ... ju

a wee bit topical

what is going to

to ‘northern ir

after brexi

Can be viewed and read at: http://www.yumpu.com/en/document/view/31910753/the


st

maybe?

happen

eland’

t?

There is no solution to the

Northern Ireland Problem:

NORTHERN IRELAND IS THE

PROBLEM

Paul Kaill & Alan Rutherford

Hand Over Fist Press: 1987

(out of print, but see below)

Poetry, prose and illustration argue for

a realisation that Ireland’s future lies with

the Irish working class, North and South

of the border, and not with the assemblies

of bourgeois democracy in Westminster

and Dublin. That there is no solution to the

Northern Ireland problem, but that the very

existence of the Northern Irish state is the

problem.

re-is-no-solution-to-the-northern-ireland-problem-northern-ireland-is-the-problem


108

Crikey ... a virtual keyboard,

use it at your own peril

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 14


deep breath

comrades ... capitalism, war,

brexit and a macho trump still

sitting high on our compost

heap stinking the place out ...

they need to be turned over!

109

Artwork: Alan Rutherford

MARCH 2017


110

Writing

worth reading

Photos

worth seeing

http://www.coldtype.net

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


111

MARCH 2017


Artwork: still unknown

oi matey editor ...

we have had a few more

comments and goodly

remarks, but still no

articles or things for

publication

112

oh shit

this letters page is just

boring me to death

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 22


WAFFLE

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

LETTERS

Dear Editor ...

Same old same old!

Absolutely damaged by the swiftly decaying state of

the world ... Words fail me, what is the use of words

when the person you are saying them to is unable

to grasp your, and their, meaning? [again, is this the

only letter we have? ... (‘yes’, ed.)]

Worryingly, we have left even that irrational road,

the one where stupidity reigns, and now follow a

path where basic facts and knowledge acquired over

time are being replaced by entrenched banal myths,

hearsay and superstition. The shit-faced fudge of

complacency and the mad spouters will now be

defended to the death by the threat of nuclear war.

Reason cannot be relied on in the present or near

future (if ever?) and its utterly terrifying. Just who

are the terrorists? For evidence of this I direct your

attention to a President Donald Trump and his

campaign to trump-trump-trumpety-trump all over

the world. And, as Britain’s government is the happy

lapdog of US mischief in the world ... and a blindly

loyal follower of US foreign policy, what will our May

government do now as Trump begins his Term of

Ignorance?

113

Whilst I remain optimistic about the future I am

absolute in my scepticism about whether the

business-arses and their sycophantic political

stooges, Blairites and Tories – or the US circus

and their trumping flunkies – will come up with

anything remotely of benefit to anyone other than

the rampantly corrupt ruling class wankers intent on

fucking us all.

MARCH 2017


HAND OVER

FIST PRESS

2 0 1 7


HAND OVER FIST PRESS

SHEEP

IN THE ROAD

23


Ah-ha, money schmoney baloney

in a rich man’s world


it is priceless, that you fuckers

can’t take it with you


d

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


The

CONTENTS

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Edit & Design:

Alan Rutherford

again, lot of odds

in this issue, but

have a look!

Published online by

www.handoverfistpress.com

Photograph of Benn at Thoemmes Press: Alan Rutherford

Cover: Constuctivists:

Rodchenko and Stepanova

Frontispiece: Hans Holbien

Photographs, words and

artwork sourced from ‘found

in the scrapbook of life’, no

intentional copyright

infringement intended,

credited whenever possible,

so, for treading on any toes

... apologies all round!

There is no deadline for

submitting articles to be

included in the next issue, it

will appear whenever, or in

your dreams!

Articles to:

alanrutherford1@mac.com

Opening 03

Brown eyes 07

Castle Cabs 11

Feat of Clay 21

Kathe Kollwitz 27

Peter Mitchell 32

Letters 47

1

APRIL 2017


... the main poin

again: war is pe

freedom is slave

ignorance is stre

– and that was

news, goodnigh


ts

ace,

ry,

ngth

the

t

OPENING

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Blah-blahblah-blahblah-

There is no reason

for the end to

justify the means

as long as there

is something

worthwhile to be

justified in the end

Slyce n’Ice

Hello,

Welcome to magazine number 23.

Ignoring the media circus, lies and bullshit

that parades as news ... mis-directing our

attention, here is a magazine produced

freely to be read freely.

All articles and artwork supplied, or found

in newspapers lining the bottom of the

canary cage, were gratefully received

and developed with love, enthusiasm and

sympathy here at Hand Over Fist Press.

Nobody got paid. Perhaps that is the

problem? Anyway, ‘Sheep in the Road’ will

now appear very sporadically.

Without contributors this project has

failed to live up to its original ideal!

Maybe the last issue for a while (or maybe

not?) ... in the meantime, a luta continua!

3

APRIL 2017


4

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 14


5

APRIL 2017


6

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


A PAIR OF BROWN EYES

One summer evening drunk to hell

I stood there nearly lifeless

An old man in the corner sang

Where the water lilies grow

And on the jukebox Johnny sang

About a thing called love

And it’s how are you kid and what’s your name

And how would you bloody know?

7

In blood and death ‘neath a screaming sky

I lay down on the ground

And the arms and legs of other men

Were scattered all around

Some cursed, some prayed, some prayed then cursed

Then prayed and bled some more

And the only thing that I could see

Was a pair of brown eyes that was looking at me

But when we got back, labeled parts one to three

There was no pair of brown eyes waiting for me

And a rovin’ a rovin’ a rovin’ I’ll go

For a pair of brown eyes

APRIL 2017


I looked at him he looked at me

All I could do was hate him

While Ray and Philomena sang

Of my elusive dream

I saw the streams, the rolling hills

Where his brown eyes were waiting

And I thought about a pair of brown eyes

That waited once for me

8

So drunk to hell I left the place

Sometimes crawling sometimes walking

A hungry sound came across the breeze

So I gave the walls a talking

And I heard the sounds of long ago

From the old canal

And the birds were whistling in the trees

Where the wind was gently laughing

And a rovin’ a rovin’ a rovin’ I’ll go

For a pair of brown eyes

by

SHANE MACGOWAN

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


9

APRIL 2017


10

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


CASTLE CABS: SMOKING

KILKENNY

Martin Taylor

Here are a few photographs I took some years back while working in

Castle Cabs taxi office in Kilkenny. They capture a few of the drivers

waiting for the next call to come in. The cab office is no longer in

operation since deregulation of the industry and the massive boom in

the number of taxis on the road, ranks were created and the cab office

debunked. The building was originally a ticket office for the railway (see

right), I am unsure what else it may have been used for before becoming

a cab office but it now has a new lease of life as a sweet shop. It is hard

to recognise the place now. Gone is the smoke stained ceiling, the cab

office was one of the last bastions of freedom to smoke in a public place

after the smoking ban swept the country and subsequently the whole of

Europe, gone is the gaudy dirt engrained velour seating, recycled from

the pub across the road, gone are the crackling two-way radios, the

piped local radio competing with the tv and the fruit machine flashing in

the corner, the constant tea making, the ringing telephone and the banter

between the drivers; all this before any customers add to the mix, the

fighting, the shouting, the haggling, the singing, the laughing, the crying,

the puking, the kissing, the sleeping. Drama that one could not dream

up. As awful as it was in some aspects, I feel something magical has

been lost forever with the demise of the cab office.

11

APRIL 2017


12

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


13

APRIL 2017


14

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


15

APRIL 2017


16

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


17

APRIL 2017


18

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


Thanks Martin: good photographs, but some sort of comment is required

and I offer the following piece which was written in 2007 ... [ed]

That first Neanderthal to dangle a rolled up leaf from the corner of his

mouth, wandering for days before he decided, probably on a whim,

to set fire to it. Evolving into fidgets who roll their own and still wander

through no-smoking zones, being quaintly disparaging about the

existence of such areas and seemingly unable to see that theirs is the

most truly odd behaviour – their sliver of a paper dangling oh so naturally

from a lower lip whilst purposely searching out a communal shoot-up

area, for, despite their protestations ... they are drug addicts!

19

All the while trying desperately to emulate the romantic vision of a

cowboy on the range, or the heroicly pathetic picture of something

working class – but sadly just being hopelessly addicted to the lords of

tobacco and king rizzla. Yes, pity those hooked on the weed of tobacco

– especially those with a taste for the 100 or so chemicals added to the

branded cigarette, added just to keep it burning whilst no one is dragging

and it’s just fuming – for death resulting from the smoking habit is not at

all pleasant, quick or dignified ... for those left behind.

APRIL 2017


20

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


FEAT OF CLAY

Wandering about Stroud we came upon the Republic of Stroud, a

gallery showing the art of Clay Sinclair. I particularly like the stolen art

angle, for ... although by reproducing iconic images he is still giving them

a nod of approval, and using them to give his slogans credibility … he

is, in my opinion, also subverting and undermining their ridiculous ££$$

value by his irreverence, insolence, and in-frame captions/slogans. Love it!

Upon recommending Clay’s website to a painter friend of mine, his

response was, ‘Rip-off, stealing great artwork blah blah blah …’

21

I mentioned the way I saw his thought process on appropriation (how

I see it?) which kind of shut my painter friend down a bit, but he is a

believer in the ‘great artists’ equals ‘objects of great £££ value’ where

the argument goes ‘once the art establishment has decided someone is

an ‘artist’ anything they do is object value’ … my friend, thankfully, still

considers himself a ‘painter’.

I personally go for the ‘all art is theft’ notion, all copy from, take from,

borrow from, imitate to the point of absurdity, while standing on the

shoulders of … those they admire. I am fascinated by the Constructivists/

Bauhaus/DeStijl period and it shows.

acrylic on perspex/plexiglass

125 x 100cm (incl ornate frame)

What is an artist? Am I really an artist? Is everyone an artist? Does it really matter?

APRIL 2017


22

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


23

APRIL 2017


24

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


Clay, here is a question: how do you see the reasoning behind your ‘art’,

its use of icons and its probable entry into the ‘£££ value’ marketplace?

Alan, interesting question ...

The reasoning behind my art goes pretty much like this:

1) My art always starts with a question or issue I want to explore, ie. What

is happiness? Reasons to live? Religion? Why do I do what I do? Identity

is at the centre of most of my works.

2) My sketch book is full of words exploring the issue without filter.

Humour usually at the centre of it.

3) If the ideas seem worthy of a painting, I then explore how best to

express this in a way that is doesn’t distract from my initial question

and purpose of the art. Familiar images are a way to connect with the

average person. I have absolutely no desire to prove what a technically

gifted painter I am or create something that pushes the boundaries of

taste or what is perceived as art. The last thing I am seeking to do is

impress the art fascists that abound. I just follow my intuition and I’m

happy with that. If people like it great, if they don’t, they obviously have

terrible taste (smiley-face). It’s worked for me so far and I’m still really

excited about where my creativity is leading.

25

Hope this gives a basic idea behind my art. Off to get started on my latest

painting “State of Religion”. Based around national flags and renaming

them, ie. The Ultra Secular State of France.

Thank you Clay.

www.claysinclair.com

APRIL 2017


26

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


A WEAVER’S REBELLION

leaf 5: Riot. 1897

from book,

KATHE KOLLWITZ: Graphics, Posters, Drawings

Published by Writers and Readers

Born Kathe Ida Schmidt, in

1891 the artist married Karl

Kollwitz, a doctor in a poor

section of Berlin. A committed

socialist, she witnessed

first hand the travails of

poverty, and her art became

intimately bound with the

plight of the underprivileged.

Kollwitz’s first major series,

A Weaver’s Rebellion (1897-

98), recounts the 1844 revolt

of Silesian weavers against

their oppressive employers.

The series of six prints was

exhibited in Berlin in 1898

and in Dresden in 1899,

where it received a gold

medal. Here are 2 of the

prints ...

27

APRIL 2017


28

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


29

APRIL 2017


30

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


31

APRIL 2017


Peter Mitchell signing his

book at Vernissage

Peter Mitchell,

his gallery event

hosted by Galerie

Clémentine de la

Féronnière, Paris

32

Resplendent in his

endpaper jacket, Peter

poses opposite the title

page of his book ... and

overleaf, a couple of the

photographs from the

book and the gallery

event, hmmmm, nice.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


A NEW

REFUTATION

OF THE

VIKING 4 SPACE MISSION

P E T E R M I T C H E L L


12

Mrs. McArthy & her daughter. London, 1975

34

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


13

Mrs. Lee. Leeds, 1975

35

APRIL 2017


36

REVIEW from The Yorkshire Warbler, 10 March 2017

Hello Rudi Thoemmes at RRB

Thanks for the reply, here is a

remnant of issue 133 for your

files. Unfortunately once its

printed we move on to the next

issue of fartiness ... we don’t

keep files.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


PEEPER

by Raisin Wind

My reward for being around during the seventies is to be sent from Leeds

to Sheffield to interview Edna Morgan, who should have appeared in a

new photobook of mainly Yorkshire folk and their environs but whose

‘photograph’ was lost.

The book is made from an assemblage of photographs taken by Peter

Mitchell in the 1970s and exhibited at the impressions Gallery of

Photography in York under a title refuting the Viking 4 Space mission at

the end of the seventies.

37

I arrive at the spot where Edna tells me the ‘Flying Pig’ pub once stood,

Edna is with me and points to a nondescript modern block of offices,

nothing to see here now … so we move on. The lost photograph, which

Edna saw once, was of the pub, the street, herself and an array of the

characters who frequented the Flying Pig posing at the door and under

the pub sign.

I am here to talk about the photographer, 1975 and the three weeks of

preparation and anguish he took to take a photograph, which he then

lost. Edna is philosophical in colourful language about the loss. By now

we have moved to a quiet pub and the malt whiskey’s are muddling me

APRIL 2017


as I scratch a few notes in my wee book … I listen as she fires up the

scene, she is delightful company with conflicting accounts but I get the jist


‘For 3 weeks in June 1975, Peeper, as they called him, skulked around

the area, occasionally with his camera but most days just crouching,

standing on a box, even lying in the road, gesticulating and squinting

through his hands, where by touching forefinger to forefinger and thumb

to thumb, he squared up and directed the vistas before him.’

38

I try to ignore Edna’s constant derogatory references to Peeper and that

he was well known about this part of Yorkshire as ‘weird’, but cannot

shake the image of his square-signing at the hint of a good composition

… god, at that sight, I would have cracked up too.

From that drunken afternoon’s ‘notes’ I have deciphered: ‘… he once

said he was interested in our pub (Flying Pig) because he had heard it

had been frequented by Ivor Tinkler’ and ‘ … a man called Bladder had

told all at the pub that Peeper had approached him where he worked at

the ‘Gents’ in the centre and asked him to pose outside with his collection

of bog-brushes … we don’t know what happened to that photograph

either?’

A recent photograph of ‘Peeper’ Peter Mitchell shows he is still squaring

up, his new book, ‘A New Refutation of the Viking 4 Space Mission’

is jointly published by RRB Photobooks and editions Clémentine de la

Féronnière … and available from www.rrbphotobooks.com and www.

galerieclementinedelaferonniere.fr

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


39

APRIL 2017


40

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


JUST

41

FLOATING

ONE

APRIL 2017


42

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


ARTHUR BEAGLE’S DIARY

43

www.handoverfistpress.com

APRIL 2017


44

Writing

worth reading

Photos

worth seeing

http://www.coldtype.net

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


45

APRIL 2017


Artwork: still unknown

oi matey editor ...

we have had a few more

comments and goodly

remarks, but still no

articles or things for

publication

46

oh shit

this letters page is just

boring me to death

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 23


WAFFLE

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

LETTERS

Dear Editor ...

Same old same old!

Words fail me, what is the use of words when the

person you are saying them to is unable to grasp

your, and their, meaning? [this looks like a letter we

have already published? ... (‘yes, some’, ed.)]

Worryingly, we have left even that irrational road,

the one where stupidity reigns, and now follow a

path where basic facts and knowledge acquired over

time are being replaced by entrenched banal myths,

hearsay and superstition. The shit-faced fudge of

complacency and the mad spouters will now be

defended to the death by the threat of nuclear war.

47

Reason cannot be relied on in the present or near

future (if ever?) and its utterly terrifying. Just who

are the terrorists? For evidence of this I direct your

attention to a President Donald Trump and his

campaign to trump-trump-trumpety-trump all over

the world. And also, as Britain’s government happily

applies for Brexit, faking it over questions waving

wet fish whackers, like Gibraltar, Northern Ireland,

Scotland ... May and her ministers wander the

despotic nations trying to flog them weapons ...

Whilst I remain optimistic about the future I am

absolute in my scepticism about whether the

business-arses and their sycophantic political

stooges, Blairites and Tories – or the US circus

and their trumping flunkies – will come up with

anything remotely of benefit to anyone other than

the rampantly corrupt ruling class wankers intent on

fucking us all.

APRIL 2017


HAND OVER

FIST PRESS

2 0 1 7


HAND OVER FIST PRESS

SHEEP

IN THE ROAD

24

MAY DAY


1

MAY DAY

INTERNATIONAL

WORKERS’

DAY


d

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


The

CONTENTS

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Edit & Design:

Alan Rutherford

again, lot of odds

in this issue, but

have a look!

artwork: Alan Rutherford

Published online by

www.handoverfistpress.com

Cover: detail from Dimitry

Moor poster, 1920

Photographs, words and

artwork sourced from ‘found

in the scrapbook of life’, no

intentional copyright

infringement intended,

credited whenever possible,

so, for treading on any toes

... apologies all round!

There is no deadline for

submitting articles to be

included in the next issue, it

will appear whenever, or in

your dreams!

Articles to:

alanrutherford1@mac.com

Opening 03

Turkey 05

Council Election 11

Bishops Cleeve 15

Baghdad 25

Peterloo 29

France 37

Letters 47

1

MAY 2017


... the main poin

again: war is pe

freedom is slave

ignorance is stre

– and that was

news, goodnigh


ts

ace,

ry,

ngth

the

t

OPENING

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Blah-blahblah-blahblah-

There is no reason

for the end to

justify the means

as long as there

is something

worthwhile to be

justified in the end

Slyce n’Ice

Hello,

Welcome to magazine number 24.

Ignoring the election media circus, lies

and bullshit that parades as policy or news

... mis-directing our attention, here is a

magazine produced freely to be read freely.

Depressing articles about the worst side of

the human condition ... fuckers! Uplifting

stories, rare as they are, desperately

needed. All articles and artwork supplied,

or found in newspapers lining the bottom

of the canary cage, were gratefully received

and developed with love, enthusiasm and

sympathy here at Hand Over Fist Press.

Nobody got paid. Perhaps that is the

problem? Anyway, ‘Sheep in the Road’ will

now appear very sporadically.

Maybe the last issue for a while (or maybe

not?) ... in the meantime, a luta continua!

3

MAY 2017


4

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


TURKEY ON THE BRINK

Robert Arnott

Sheep in the Road Foreign Correspondent

Turkey’s constitutional changes endorsed in the referendum

held on 16 April, threatens to take that country further down the

road to an extreme dictatorship. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan

will assume sweeping new powers with which to pursue his

authoritarian, neo-liberal and Islamist agenda. Already, since his

election in 2014 to what had hitherto been a largely ceremonial

post, Erdogan has tightened his grip over the media, the military

and the judiciary, backed by his Justice and Development Party

(AKP) and extreme nationalist and pro-clerical forces.

5

A failed military coup against his regime last July has been used as

the pretext for extending the repression. Liberal and pro-Kurdish

media concerns have been taken over or shut down, scores of

editors and journalists have been imprisoned along with a dozen

left and pro-Kurdish MPs and more than one hundred thousand

public servants and military personnel at every level have been

sacked or arrested. Further shifts of authority from parliament

to president will abolish the office of prime minister and allow

him to appoint judges and top public officials while remaining in

office until 2029.

MAY 2017


6

Although the Turkish electorate could cut his reign short, even this scenario

now looks unlikely. The referendum campaign showed how a ruthless,

authoritarian and sectarian demagogue, can overcome widespread

secular, democratic, working class and minority national and religious

opposition. This unlikeliness is underlined by ballot rigging. It appears that

more than a million unstamped ballot papers were accepted for counting

by the Supreme Electoral Council during the recent referendum, clearly

in flagrant breach of its own rules. Erdogan’s eighteen reforms outlined

in the referendum were passed by most fewer than two million votes out

of fifty million, so these tactics could have proved decisive. still in force

from last summer. As it is, his programme was rejected by the citizens

of six of Turkey’s eight biggest cities, including Istanbul and the capital

Ankara, as well as across the country’s Kurdish region. No wonder that

the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe and the Council

of Europe monitors have unequivocally condemned the unfair, oppressive

and irregular conditions in which the poll took place. They echo protests

from the main opposition parties.

Erdogan’s well-funded propaganda offensive now dominates state

broadcasting and corporate media coverage; he and his party’s giant poster

hoardings were everywhere. Dissident meetings are banned or have been

attacked, as the government refused to lift or suspend the state of emergency.

The response from the European Union has been a little more muted. Like

the IMF and OECD, the EU Commission supports Erdogan’s austerity and

privatisation policies. Like the United States and NATO, it welcomes his

anti-Assad intervention in Syria, while staying quiet about Erdogan’s earlier

assistance to ISIS and his war against Kurdish anti-ISIS fighters.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


Then there’s the deal whereby the EU pays Ankara to keep refugees out of

Europe. Nonetheless, Turkey’s possible lurch towards the right should finally

put an end to its application for EU membership. Sadly, it may also postpone

any end to the illegal and often brutal Turkish occupation of Northern

Cyprus. It remains to be seen whether the British and US governments will

denounce the anti-democratic trajectory of their NATO ally, as they should.

On past form, mild rebukes will accompany a strengthening of business

and military links. This makes it even more important that democrats, the

Labour Movement and progressive people in Britain express their solidarity

with their counterparts in Turkey. The Turkish people have few enough

genuine friends at the top in London, Brussels or Washington DC and now

face an even more dangerous future; especially if their president succeeds

in his desire to reintroduce the death penalty.

7

MAY 2017


SOUK by P

8

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


9

J CROOK

MAY 2017


Chokin’ clouds

f dust settle on

the crumbled

ruins ... a final

testimony to

those buried

beneath the

massive stones

of apathy

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24

10


VOTE!

COUNTY COUNCIL ELECTION

4 May 2017

In Gloucestershire, standing in Bishops Cleeve are 4 candidates: Bob

Bird, Conservative; Peter Richmond, Liberal Democrat; Rose Phillips,

Labour; and Cate Cody, Green.

Bishops Cleeve, oh Bishops Cleeve, based on the 2013 County Council

voting trend, where out of the villages’ 9,911 registered voters as many as

6,900 voters just didn’t bother to vote, and those 3,011 that did vote, well ...

they had been convinced by Tory or Liberal Democrat that it was a ‘2-horse

race’ and voted accordingly ...

11

Looking at voting statistics for 2013’s County Council elections in all

Gloucestershire it would appear that Bishops Cleeve is not far from the

norm and around 50-60% of voters countywide did not bother to vote.

The Gloucestershire County Council make decisions that affect all of us

living in Gloucestershire, like: they claim to improve the state of the roads

(or promise to do so whilst blaming the previous administration); provide

care for elderly and vulnerable people (HUH, can you trust the tories to do

this?) ... so it is important that someone trustworthy is elected to represent

and be held accountable ... you may agree a shake-up is needed? ... so

it was a shame that, in 2013, 6,900 voters in Bishops Cleeve sat about all

day in their jim-jams glued to daytime TV, it was their vote that could have

made great changes to the plod-politics of Trumpton!

MAY 2017


Just a thought, what if someone had stood as the ‘What is the point and

I don’t give a fuck but I won’t lie to you’ candidate ... there would have

been a good chance of them winning that election ... However, sadly, in

Bishops Cleeve, in 2013, Bob Bird, Conservative, beat Peter Richmond,

LibDem, in a 2 horse race where John Hurley, Labour, came a sorry third

... in an election where only 3,011 Bishops Cleeve voters bothered to lick

their pencils and put an x on a piece of paper!

12

THE VILLAGE HAS GROWN SINCE 2013, BUT FROM PETER RICHMOND

(standing again) WE HAVE THE SAME OLD LIBDEM TOSH ABOUT IT

BEING A ‘2-HORSE RACE’ AND THAT VOTING FOR ROSE PHILLIPS OR

CATE CODY IS A WASTED VOTE ... (bloody cheek!)

FOR GOODNESS SAKE, IF YOU HAVE A VOTE ... PLEASE USE IT TO

END THIS ‘GOOD OLD BOYS’ 2-HORSE RACE!

Bishops Cleeve voting record:

Bishops Cleeve population 15000-ish (maybe more?)

Registered voters in 2013: 9911

Gloucestershire County Council election:

Bishops Cleeve, 2 May 2013

Con. 1486; Libdem 1129; Lab 396

Total votes cast: 3011 (30% turnout)

THIS MEANS THAT 6,900 REGISTERED VOTERS IN BISHOPS CLEEVE

DID NOT VOTE!

Get up on the 4 May, get dressed, lick your pencil and VOTE!

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


13

MAY 2017


14

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


Bishops

Cleeve

pictures

15

MAY 2017


16

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


17

MAY 2017


18

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


19

MAY 2017


20

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


21

MAY 2017


22

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24

FOR NO

THOEMME

PRODUCTI

THEIR NO


23

REASON

S PRESS

ON TURN

SES UP!

MAY 2017


24

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


BAGHDAD

For much of its extraordinary life Baghdad, the ‘City of Peace’ as it has

been called almost since its foundation, has been one of the most violent

cities on earth. As US troops entered in 2003, they became the latest

participants in a turbulent history stretching back to the year 762, when

Caliph Mansur’s masons laid the first sun-baked bricks of his imperial

capital.

artwork: Onny Thomson

For 500 years Baghdad was the seat of the Abbasid Empire, a marvel of

glittering palaces, magnificent mosques, Islamic colleges and teeming

markets watered by the Tigris. This was the city of the mathematician

Al Khwarizmi, who invented algebra; of Horun al Rashid, the caliph

immortalized in many tales of Baghdad in A Thousand and One Nights;

of the great poet Abu Nuwas, whose playful verses scandalized society,

and dozens of other astronomers, doctors, musicians and explorers.

It was also a thriving trading emporium that attracted merchants from

Central Asis and the Atlantic, its economy the envy of West and East alike.

The history of Baghdad, since its foundation has been relentlessly

tempestuous. Baghdadis have been tremendously talented in creating

beauty and culture and, tragically, just as skilled in destroying them.

Tet one of the world’s most violent cities is also one of its most resilient.

Baghdad has seen foreign invaders come and go during the past 1,300

years, from eighth-century Byzantines to twnty-first-century Americans.

It has survived the furious onslaught of Hulagu’s Mongols in 1258 and

25

MAY 2017


26

Tamerlane’s Tatars in 1401, when the Tigris ran red with blood and black

with ink from the literary treasures of the ransacked House of Wisdom.

It has shrugged off the indignity of falling under the rule of minor

Turkmen chiefs, endured the Ottoman conquest of Sultan Suleyman the

Magnificent in 1534, the Iranian incursion of Shah Abbas in 1623 and

four centuries of haughty Ottoman pashas. ‘The old Turkey-cock’s city of

Horoun al Rothschild’ saw off the British invasion in 1917 and emerged

from two world wars bloodied but unbowed. Beset by Baathist tyranny,

Sadam’s dictatorship, a shattering war against Iran and the pulverizing

Gulf War One, Baghdad still managed to haul itself through a savage

regime of UN sanctions, only to be met with the full fury of the Iraq

War in 2003. Instead of bringing the longed-for peace and calm after

decades of unimaginable suffering, the conflict ignited Baghdad’s oldest

demons, and sectarian strife exploded across the city and the nation.

Once again the City of Peace was at war, and blood ran on the streets.

Yet, despite all this devastation, Baghdadis do not give up on their

city. With a prodigious history of intellectual, cultural and Islamic preeminence,

it stands for dignity, pride and, above all, endurance. ‘It is a

city unlike any of its peers,’ says Manaf, a retired diplomat steeped in

the history of Baghdad. ‘You have to wonder whether the good caliph

Mansur, if he had had the slightest foresight of the city’s bloody future,

would have built his circular seat of power here. The cycle that sees

Baghdad lurching between mayhem and prosperity has been long and

gory, but of course we must have hope. May the city of Peace live up to its

name before we ourselves depart to eternal peace.’

Lifted from: Baghdad: City of Peace, City of Blood by Justin Marozzi

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


27

MAY 2017


PE

28

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


TERLOO

By the early 1800s many in Britain were suffering. The Corn Laws

drove up the price of bread, and only two percent of the population

were entitled to vote. On 16 August 1819 tens of thousands of men,

women and children gathered on St Peter’s Field, Manchester to hear

campaigners for political reform. Fearful of an uprising, the local

authorities arrested the principal speaker, Henry Hunt, and sent in the

Manchester Yeomanry, sabres at the ready, followed by the army. At least

18 people were killed on the field or later, and hundreds were injured.

The radical press named this shameful massacre ‘Peterloo’, in ironic

contrast to the recent glorious victory of Waterloo.

The Tory government quashed all attempts to bring the authorities and

army to account. Two years before, in 1817, they had brought liberal

publisher William Hone to court three times for three of his satirical

titles. He was acquited each time, garnering wide public support and a

collection to help fund his activities. In early December 1819 Hone wrote

and issued the cheap pamphlet The Political House That Jack Built, amid

fierce debate about the massacre, illustrated by George Cruikshank. It

was based on the traditional cumulative nursery rhyme ‘The House That

Jack Built’, the ‘Jack’ in this case being John Bull. The poem’s fourth verse

is illustrated with a printing press, the powerful technology for spreading

ideas, which is repeatedly described as:

29

‘This is THE THING, that, in spite of new Acts,

And attempts to restrain it, by Soldiers or Tax,

Will poison the Vermin, that plunder the Wealth

That lay in the House

That Jack Built.’

MAY 2017


30

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


31

MAY 2017


Touching a raw nerve, Hone’s pamphlet went through multiple printings

until mid-1821. Around 250,000 copies were sold, spreading the call for

freedom of the press, and for electoral reform which eventually came in

1832.

32

Reading both words and pictures together is vital to grasping the

pamphlet’s full meaning: Cruikshank’s 13 engravings are essential to

clarify and amplify Hone’s poetry, those words in bold capitals doubling

as captions for the images. In the Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics

(December 2011), American academics Michael Demson and Heather

Brown argue persuasively that ‘these pamphlets announced a new era of

– and a new medium for – radical activity and expression: comics’.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


33

MAY 2017


34

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


35

Use your

VOTE ...

This is the

alternative

to an

election!

MAY 2017


36

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


FRANCE

BETTER A NEOLIBERAL

THAN A FASCIST

Robert Arnott

Sheep in the Road Foreign Correspondent

artwork: FHK Henrion

THE first round of the French presidential election represents a huge missed

opportunity, not only for the people of France, but for Europe as a whole.

Jean-Luc Melenchon came within a whisker of going into the run-off

against either Emmanuel Macron or National Front leader, Marine Le Pen.

Just one-quarter of the votes wasted on the Socialist Party and Trotskyist

candidates would have made that a reality. Had Melenchon had to face

Le Pen in the run-off election on 7 May, he would have won and become

the most left-wing president in French history. As it is, Melenchon and his

French Communist Party allies won almost twenty per cent of the poll for

policies that challenged the establishment and big-business.

The people of France, if they want to stop the neo-fascists, have little option

but to vote for Macron in the second round. Although third-place candidate

Francois Fillon has urged his right-wing supporters to plump for Macron,

that would not guarantee Macron’s victory alone, even if they all obeyed.

Not surprisingly, Macron’s aides have begun to play up his allegedly radical

37

MAY 2017


and anti-establishment credentials to entice left-wing electors. They have a

rather steep hill to climb, if not a Pyrenean mountain.

38

Former investment banker Macron enthusiastically supported the austerity

policies of president Francois Hollande’s hugely discredited Socialist Party

government in which he served as Business Minister, before leaving the

sinking ship to start-up his own party. He now wants to add up to one

hundred and twenty thousand civil service jobs to the French unemployment

rate of ten per cent, as part of his five-year plan to stay within EU budget

deficit rules. Macron also backed last year’s “labour flexibility” law

imposed by Hollande, while calling for further restrictions on employment

and collective bargaining rights. Predictably, the only cuts he proposes for

business are in the fields of regulation and taxation. This approach will

not inspire genuinely left-wing and anti-establishment electors. Indeed,

it echoes the discredited policies of the French Socialist Party, which was

eclipsed with little over six per cent of the vote last Sunday.

In France on May 7, the choice is clear. When president Jacques Chirac

faced Jean-Marie Le Pen in the final round in 2002, the slogan for many

on the left was “better a crook than a fascist.” This time around, as Macron

faces Le Pen’s daughter, it’s a case of “better the neoliberal than a fascist”

– although, at the end of the day, Macron’s policies are likely to increase

the populist appeal of the far right as well as of the real left.

At least, after Brexit, Trump and heavens knows what on 8 June, the keeping

of the fascists out in France, as well as in the Netherlands some weeks ago,

does give one hope.

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


39

MAY 2017


40

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


oye editor, gulp...

its a piss-taking

watchdog!

41

MAY 2017


42

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 14


43

MAY 2017


44

Writing

worth reading

Photos

worth seeing

http://www.coldtype.net

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


45

MAY 2017


Artwork: still unknown

oye matey editor ...

we have had a few more

comments and goodly

remarks, and two

articles from robert for

publication

46

oh shit

this letters page is just

boring me to death

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


WAFFLE

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

LETTERS

Dear Editor ...

Same old ... same old!

Words fail me, what is the use of words when the

person you are saying them to is unable to grasp

your, and their, meaning? [this looks like a letter we

have already published? ... (‘yes, some’, ed.)]

Worryingly, we have left even that irrational road,

the one where stupidity reigns, and now follow a

path where basic facts and knowledge acquired over

time are being replaced by entrenched banal myths,

hearsay and superstition. The shit-faced fudge of

complacency and the mad spouters will now be

defended to the death by the threat of nuclear war.

47

Reason cannot be relied on in the present or near

future (if ever?) and its utterly terrifying. Just who

are the terrorists? For evidence of this I direct your

attention to a President Donald Trump and his

campaign to trump-trump-trumpety-trump all over

the world. And also, as Britain’s government happily

applies for Brexit, faking it over questions waving

wet fish whackers, like Gibraltar, Northern Ireland,

Scotland ... May and her ministers wander the

despotic nations trying to flog them weapons ...

Whilst I remain optimistic about the future I am

absolute in my scepticism about whether the

business-arses and their sycophantic political

stooges, Blairites and Tories – or the US circus

and their trumping flunkies – will come up with

anything remotely of benefit to anyone other than

the rampantly corrupt ruling class wankers intent on

fucking us all.

MAY 2017


HAND OVER

FIST PRESS

BOOKS • MAGAZINES • DESIGN

at

www.handoverfistpress.com

48

1 9 8 6

2 0 1 7

SHEEP IN THE ROAD

(as magazine) #3

October 2015

SHEEP IN THE ROAD

Vol. 2

Alan Rutherford

2015

SHEEP IN THE ROAD

Vol. 1

Alan Rutherford

2014

To read/view a book,

or magazine go to

website and click on

their cover and follow

the links ...

KAPUTALA

The Diary of

Arthur Beagle & The

East Africa Campaign,

1916-1918

Alan Rutherford

Updated 2nd edn:

2014

IRISH GRAFFITI

some murals in the

North, 1986

Alan Rutherford

2014

NICETO

DE LARRINAGA

a voyage, 1966

Alan Rutherford

2014

SHEEP IN THE ROAD : NUMBER 24


SHEEP

IN THE ROAD

Sheep in the Road as a magazine has writing, photography,

cartoons and odd assemblages of ideas, rants and reviews ...

eminating from a socialist and thoughtful core.

Contributors have included: Brian Rutherford, Rudi Thoemmes,

Joe Jenkins, Robert Arnott, Cam Rutherford, Steve Ashley,

Lizzie Boyle, Chris Dillow, Chris Hoare, Joanna Rutherford,

West Midland Hunt Saboteurs, Chris Bessant, Craig Atkinson,

Martin Taylor, Martin Mitchell ...

A pleasure to produce ... thank you

All issues available to view/read free at

www.handoverfistpress.com


HAND OVER

FIST PRESS

2 0 1 7

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines