POST CONSTITUCION

ayasupai

Sustainable Post-Tsunami Reconstruction Masterplan

Constitución, Chile

CATASTRO

DAÑOS

Destruction

Edificación destruida/

demolida

Edificación con daños

ZONA CENTRO

- Superficie 98 hás

- Lotes vacantes 61 hás

(63%)

ZONA CATASTRADA

- Superficie 158 hás

- Lotes disponibles 77 hás

(49%)

PROJECT CHART

BASE CONDITIONS (complexity of the task)

Transportation Plan

Massive destruction (+50% of the city footprint)

Enormous amount of resources to be assigned for

reconstruction (public and private)

Rethink the city (new question)

Capitalize the opportunity to improve the city

through reconstruction

INFRASTRUCTURE

Rain Water Plan

Anti-Tsunami Plan

Sectoral and fragmented funding

(risk of redundancy and miscoordination)

Comprehensive plan needed

Risk of solely concentrating on the emergency

90 days total plan development

(very short time and too long at the same time)

Think the emergency and the contingency as

incremental actions (when you can not do it fast

and well, do it fast and improvable)

Management of expectations

Agreement between Housing Ministry,

Municipality and Arauco, for developing a: MASTER PLAN

Instrument with sinthetic power

developed with community participation

with a sense of reality

PUBLIC SPACES

AND FACILITIES

River Edge

Coastline

Downtown

PARTICIPATION

for and with the people

Transparency

Not deferred, not segmented

Multichannel and multiscale

Binding

HOUSING

Typology Catalogue

Pilot Projects

PRINCIPLES

OF OPERATION

EXCELLENCE

Integrated Design

VIABILITY

Architecture

Urban Design

Landscape

Engineering

Energy Efficiency

Tourism

sense of reality

ECONOMIC

ACTIVITIES

Tourism

Wood Cluster

Identify preexisting and under construction projects

Bylaw and current restrictions

Conformation of the Strategic Public Sector Committee

Prioritization and Scheduling

Contingency Coordination

Costs

Implementation Plan

Heat Recovery

ENERGY

Resource Management

Passive Solar Housing

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The Plan for Sustainable Reconstruction (PRES) of Constitución

was developed after the 8.8 earthquake/tsunami of February

27th, 2010. We were given 90 days to produce all the necessary

studies and documents capable of coordinating the action

of both public and private entities in the reconstruction of IN-

FRASTRUCTURE, PUBLIC SPACES AND SERVICES, HOUS-

ING, ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES and ENERGY of the city. The 8.8

Earthquake Chile – Sustainable Reconstruction MasterPlan was

done with the intense participation of the entire community.

Chile did well against the earthquake: building codes are appropriate

and respected by the people. But the challenge was that

our cities proved not to be prepared against tsunamis. There

were three factors that different stakeholders wanted to implement

for the reconstruction:

1. Forbid settlements in the areas devastated by the waves,

which was unrealistic since informal occupation would have

been very hard to prevent

2. “Do nothing”, allowing people to go back to where they

were, as they were, which would have been irresponsible, and

3. Build massive infrastructures to protect the city, for which

there was enough evidence that proved it would be useless because

a tsunami is not just a heavy swell.

We offered a fourth path which was threefold:

1. No longer try to resist the waves, but dissipate their energy

through friction. Against geographical threats, geographical

answers: we proposed a forest able to mitigate the impact

of a tsunami. If the trees had the right density, diameter and

resistance to horizontal loads, we might reduce the wave´s energy

by 40%. (Empirical proof, was the island in front of the city,

that not only reduce the force of the waves, but also served as

a vertical escape route, that saved many).

2. We recommended conditioned construction right after

the mitigation forest, with no residence and pier-like structures

in the lower floors.

3. Finally, and efficient evacuation plan to higher areas

was designed. The combination of these three strategies allowed

for a reconstruction of the city as close as possible to

where it has historically been, in proximity to the sea and the

river that actually are the base of its existence.

But a tragedy is always an opportunity too: the park opened

the city towards the river, providing democratic public access

to what the community identified as their real identity

(previously owned only by a few private landlords), repairing

the “historic debt” of green urban areas. With this new antitsunami

urban DNA plus an updated urban standard for the

whole city, each of the buildings, streets, squares and houses

to be rebuilt (following the Elemental principles that we have

developed over the years in incremental housing), could be

developed on substantiated physical and conceptual urban

foundations.

HA11_LQOPT | SUSTAINABLE POST-TSUNAMI RECONSTRUCTION MASTERPLAN, CONSTITUCIÓN, CHILE

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RESPONSIBLE

INSTITUTIONS

CONCLUSIONS

TRANSPORTATION PLAN

Differentiation city access

Modal diversification

RAIN WATER PLAN

Ground surface runoff network

Creek and stream channeling

Flood Park

MITIGATION

Evacuation Plan

Mitigating Park

Conditioned construction zone

A

B

RIVER EDGE

COASTAL EDGE

DOWNTOWN

RIVER PARK

West Entry (trucks)

South Entry (buses + cars)

Highway

Proposed Highway

Cycling Route

Peatonalización

Surface Network

Streams

Laminating channel mouth

Retaining Flood Zone

Evacuation Plan

Mitigating Park

Conditioned construction

zone*

Park open to the river

Productive and public programs

Seaside walkway

Recreational facilities

Elimination of plant odors

Consolidation of plazas

Pedestrian and commerical circuit

Reconstruction of iconic buildings

TOURIST SQUARE

El Carbón

A

Mapochito

1

3. PUERTO SECO

2

Las Animas

1. LAMINATING CHANNEL MOUTH

B

2. MITIGATION PARK

3. INDUSTRIAL TRAFFIC

MANAGEMENT

FIRE STATION

RIVER MARKET

SCHOOL ENRIQUE DONN

CULTURAL CENTER

Ministry of Housing

Ministry of Transportation and

Telecommunication

Ministry of Public Works

Department of Hidraulic Works

National Emergency Office

Department of Port Infrastructure

Municipality

Ministry of Housing

Ministry of Public Works

Department of Port Infrastructure

Cultural Council

Department of Maritime Territory

National Football Association

Municipality

Arauco Company

ministry of Education

Regional Goverment

Ministry of Transportation and

Telecommunications

Ministry of Health

IMPLEMENTATION

SCHEME

Ministry of Internal

Affairs

In addition to replacing public buildings and housing

with designs seeking to maintain the character of the

city, PRES basically consists of:

1. Design a city with an anti-tsunami DNA through

a mitigation park on the coastline.

2. With the new park, the plan changes the

orientation of the city to the river’s edge, capitalizing

its natural and foundational heritage.

3. Repair the historic debt of Constitution of urban

green area per inhabitant standard rising from 2,2m 2 /

inhab to 6.6m 2 /inhab.

4. Recover the tourism potential of the city,

diversifying its productive structure.

5. Take control of the floodings of different water

courses, a priority for the community.

TYPOLOGY CATALOGUE

Zone Facing Park

Mixed Use

Densification of

Middle Class Type

Residential Site

with Continuous Facade

PILOT PROJECTS

Location in Constitución

*budget estimated for 2000 units

with distinct financial installments

Ministry of Housing

Private developers

REGIONAL

GOVERMENT

Maule Region

PROJECT

MANAGER

Regional Mayor Representative

Management Team

Local Advisory Council

led by the

Municipality of Constitución

TOURISM

Interpretation center of the wood

Tsunami route

Cycling Route and Seaside Path

Scenic Spots and Picnic Areas

Tourist Dock

Interpretation center of the wood

Wood route

Constitución Station

Tourist Centers

WOOD CLUSTER

Pilot Plant

Timber manufacture cluster

HEAT RECOVERY PLANT

Public Buildings

Seasonal Pool

RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

Sorting Plant

Biogas Recovery RSU

Natural Heritage

Seaside Path

Ruta de la Madera

SEASONAL POOL

Municipality

National Corporation for Promotion

of Production

National Tourisim Department

Ministry of Economy, Promotion

and Tourism

Chilean Wood Corporation

Chamber of Commerce

Projects

Housing

Infrastructure

Public Spaces

Productive Structure

Energy

Private

US$55 MM

Public

US$102 MM

Public Replenishment:

US$54 MM

PASSIVE SOLAR HOUSING

Envelopes

Solar Panels

CELLULOSE

PLANT

PUBLIC BUILDINGS

Waste Management Provider

Water and sewage Company

Ministry of Housing

Ministry of Energy

Arauco Company

Total Cost PRES:

US$157MM

Constitución:

US$2,000 x hab

National:

US$4,200 x hab

PRES:

US$48 MM*

*set of ongoing sectoral projects

equivalent to PRES = US$52 MM.

Location of biogas recovery and sorting plants

1. CITY BUILT TO RESIST NATURAL DISASTERS

2. ADJUST NATIONAL STRUCTURAL CODE NCh 433

SEISMIC ISOLATION FOR BASIC SERVICES

3. REPAIR URBAN DEBT

LESSONS AND ACTIONS

or how to make sure the loss of materials

and lives were not in vain

a. Alert System and Evacuation Plan.

b. For seismic activity of a large magnitude, it is necessary

to dissipate the energy of large waves through friction

rather than trying to stop waves. The construction

of parks and artificial landscapes mitigates the energy

created while allowing occupation to move closer to the

coast.

c. In areas adjacent to the mitigating park, form and

materials of constuction are carefully considered to withstand

the force of water from tidal waves.

Seismic isolation for strategic buildings at the same

cost.

Allow for basic services to continue to operate during

and after catastrophes.

Demand seismic isolation and allow for the calculation

of structures isolated from the ground (rather than follow

national code NCh433).

Lighter structures are less expensive and pay for the

cost of isolation.

In normal circumstances, the lives of people do not improve

at the same rate as the economy.

Reconstruction with an emphasis in public spaces set

within a natural geography is an opportunity to improve

the quality of life.

HA11_LQOPT | SUSTAINABLE POST-TSUNAMI RECONSTRUCTION MASTERPLAN, CONSTITUCIÓN, CHILE

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PROGRESS

innovation and transferability

Massive infrastrucure to protect the city are useless (Japan)

MITIGATION PARK PLAN

2.

5.

6.

11.

6.

1.

4.

7.

5.

4.

4.

5.

3.

3.

1. Estero Coal - rolling area

2. Echeverria street

3. Pedestrian and bike path

4. Tsunami mitigation Hills

5. Interior walkways

6. Parking area

7. Existing boathouse

8. Municipal Theatre

9. Rengifo street

10. Pier nautical sports

11. Proposed residential building

TSUNAMI MITIGATION HILLS

A

B

h (mt)

ø (mt)

A 2,0 15

B 2,6 20

C 3,4 25

D 4,0 30

C

D

MITIGATION PARK

maximum probable scenario

Mitigation

Manning 0,03 0,19 – 0,28

High (m) 5,03 23 – 28%

Speed (m/s) 3,26 34 – 41%

Momentum (hv2) 26,9 75 – 81%

F. Hidrostatica 745 40 – 48%

F. Hidrodinamica 1172 30 – 37%

Impact 1758 30 – 37%

altura ola/mts

Mareograma escenario máximo probable*

20

time post earthquake/min

Height average 3.5m - 4m

Waves continues to advance 5 blocks in the city

Initial height 4m (2.81 m/s)

Wave decreases to 2.8m (1.42 m/s) after crash with

the forest, the water reaches the third block

8.

8.

2.

10.

9.

9.

11.

3.

AGAINST GEOGRAPHICAL THREATS, GEOGRAPHICAL RERSPONSES

FORESTRY INDUSTRY

transferred to urban design

in 2 ways

PRODUCTION AND INNOVATION IN WOODEN

STRUCTURES FOR INCREMENTAL HOUSING

Chile faced a new challenge after 27F: to design

cities with an anti-tsunami urban DNA. Scarce resources

made heavy infrastructure unfeasible. So

we thought that our privileged ecology might provide

a solution: trees can grow and become resistant

in 30 years. To mitigate a tsunami we propose

the forest industry, a major development agent in

the zone, was transferred to urban design.

CURRENT PROGRESS

Safety Level

10 m river edge

35 m sea border

Escape routes

PV lighting

Meeting Points

(safe areas)

Sirens

Signs

35 mt

10mt

COMPLEMENTARY ANTI TSUNAMI PLAN

EVACUATION SYSTEM

Audible and visible:

-Sirens audible

-Balisas

Guides:

- Signs

- PV-Lighting

Meeting Points-enabled public space

Distance / time to escape:

Speed = 53,65 mt/min (2 mph)

Rengifo Street 1.050 mt (19,6 min)

Cruz Street

1.060 mt (19,8 min)

Rozas Street

1.010 mt (18,8 min)

CONDITIONED BUILDING ZONE *

ZONE 1 parameters in study area

ZONE 2

Water height ≤ 4m

Water velocity ≤ 3m / s

≤ impact strength 25kN / m

-Ground floor in concrete

- Deep-Foundations

-Construction discontinuous

ZONE 3

Water height ≤ 2m

Water speed ≤ 2 m / s

Impact strength ≤ 2kN / m

-Concrete base.

1st floor-40cm high field

Government signs agreements for land expropriation on the riverside

La Tercera Newspaper, Nov 19th, 2011

Reconstruction projects begin with a private investment US$3MM

El Mercurio newspaper, december 16 2011 (frontpage).

HA11_LQOPT | SUSTAINABLE POST-TSUNAMI RECONSTRUCTION MASTERPLAN, CONSTITUCIÓN, CHILE

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PEOPLE

ethical standards and social equity

City residents approved anti tsunamis park

City residents choose how to rebuild

PERMANENT SPECIFIC ON DEMAND BINDING

6.300

VISITS

OPEN HOUSE

1.200

IDEAS FROM THE

COMMUNITY

9

HYBRID

FORUMS

50

MEETINGS ON

DEMAND

PUBLIC

CONSULTATION

BINDING

COORDINATION BETWEEN PRIVATE AND PUBLIC ENTITIES

10.707

VISITS

PRECONSTITUCION.CL

10

WORKSHOPS PER

WEEK

45

SPECIFIC

FORUMS

“HOME DELIVERY”

MEETINGS

4230

VOTES

Presidente de la República

Comite Interministerial

de Reconstrucción

Intendente del Maule

Senadores Zaldivar y Coloma

Diputados Lorenzini y Alvarez-Salamanca

Comision de Vivienda

Cámara de Diputados

Concejo Municipal Constitución

Mideplan: Ministro

Subdere: Subsecretario

MINVU: Ministra y Subsecretario

MTT: Ministro y Subsecretaria

MOP: Subsecretario,

Direccion de Obras Portuarias,

Dirección de Vialidad,

Dirección de Aguas

Ministerio de Economía

Seremi Hacienda

Seremi Bbnn

Dipres

Bid

Seremi Minvu

Division Desarrollo Urbano

Minvu

Dirección de Obras Portuarias

Dirección Arquitectura MOP

Directemar

Capitanía de Puerto

Seremi Minsal

Comerciantes Terminal de Buses

Cámara de Comercio

Secreduc

Secplan

Sindicato de Feriantes

Sindicatos de Pescadores

Efe

Consejo de La Cultura

Consejo de Monumentos Nacionales

Teletón

Anfp

Gasco

Budnik

Empresarios Restaurantes

PUBLIC

SPACES AND

FACILITIES

INFRASTRUCTURE

Seremi MOP

Dirección de Obras Hidraulicas

Dirección General de Aguas

Dirección de Obras Portuarias

Dirección de Vialidad

Seremi Minvu

Seremi Mtt

Municipalidad: Secplan, Dom, Transito Aguas

Nuevo Sur

Emelectric

CGE

Programa Pais Eficiencia Energética

Empresarios Buses Interurbanos

Instituto Nacional de Hidraulica

Efe

Aguas Nuevo Sur

CGE

Emelectric

Grupo Urbaser-Kiasa

Demarco

General Electric

Emelta

Corema

Departamento de Aseo y Ornato

Planta Celulosa Arauco

Recolectores de Constitución

Programa País

Eficiencia Energética

Seremi Minvu

Serviu Maule

Secplan

Dideco

Dom

Egis Municipalidad

Egis Rodelillo

Egis Gestion Vivienda

Egis Techo Para Cristo

Corma

Colegio de Profesores Maule

Aldea Puertas Verdes

Sindicatos de Pescadores

Concejo Agrupaciones Sociales

Comité de Vivienda Constitucion

Propietarios Terrenos

Corredores de Propiedades

Centro Madera Puc

Binderholz

Constructora Omega

Constructora Rancagua

Constructora Bio-Bio

Constructora Brotec

HOUSING

Corfo VII Región

Cluster IX Región

Constructora Martabid

Constructora Galvez

Empresa Lopatin & Fourcade

Centro Madera Puc

Fundacion Techo Para Cristo

Cer Universidad de Talca

Corma VII Región

Minvu

ECONOMIC

ACTIVITIES

COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION KEYPOINTS

TRANSPARENCY

NO DEFERRED, NOT SEGMENTED

MULTICHANNEL AND MULTISCALE

BINDING

COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION | CONCLUSIONS

COMUNITY DEMANDS

Traffic (buses, trucks)

Reactivate businesses

Lack of public spaces

Odors from cellulose plant

ENERGY

The PRES plan is validated by an active community participation

in the process. The main key of it is an inductive

process based on the intervention of citizens facing real

projects instead of creating an abstract diagnosis of the

situation. We use our professional intuition to propose and

test the proposals in the “hybrid forums” with the community,

politicians, technical, services and public entities. The

participation was transparent, not deferred nor segmented,

multichannel, multi-scale and binding.

DETECTED PROBLEMS

Flooding of streams

Collapse of dump

Housing deficit before the earthquake

COMUNITY DESIRES

Reclaim identity in historical landscape

(river, ocean, boulders)

Local and diverse productive development

Security (delinquincy and natural disasters)

HYPOTHESIS OF WORK

Reconstruction of public buildings and housing

Protection against tidal waves

PRES Open House and website www.presconstitucion.cl

Communicate the project and restrictions

HA11_LQOPT | SUSTAINABLE POST-TSUNAMI RECONSTRUCTION MASTERPLAN, CONSTITUCIÓN, CHILE

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PLANET

environmental quality and resource effiency

areas devastated by the tsunami

estuary “El Carbon”

In this region, there was the ecology and the knowledge to

grow a forest as an urban protection against tsunami. But

the introduction of the mitigation also responded to an existing

demand of the community due to flooding from rains that

were occurring every year. Thus, we proposed a retardant

lagoon and lamination gap to mitigate tidal impact on rising

floodwaters. Finally, this project upgrades obsolete urban

standards from 2.2m² of green space/person to 6.6m².

3 RETARDANT LAGOON AND LAMINATION GAP

1. SURFACE WATER NETWORK

gutter < 50 lt/sec

gutter 50 - 200 lt/sec

gutter 200 - 425 lt/sec

gutter 425 - 520 lt/sec

Lamination Gap

city

Maule River

mín

Retardant Lagoon

1 RAINWATER SURFACE NETWORK 2 STREAM “EL CARBON”

city

floodgate

Maule River

max

mín

THIS PROJECT UPGRADES OBSOLETE URBAN STANDARDS

FROM 2.2M² OF GREEN SPACE/PERSON TO 6.6M².

and two other ways to be sustainable:

WASTE MANAGEMENT

PASSIVE SOLAR HOUSING

SOLUTION:

Collection of garbage (solid)

Production of biogas, compost,

and recyclable

~ 25% of waste transported to

landfill (Talca)

RSU

100%

R 50%

O 50%

SOLIDS

RESTO

100%

MATERIA ORGANIC

ORGANICA WASTE

100%

CENTRO

RECYCLING

RECICLAJE

CENTER

(VIÑALES)

DIGESTIÓN

ANAEROBICA

DIGESTION

(VIÑALES)

RELLENO

MUNICIPAL

SANITARIO

DUMP

TALCA

REUSO

LOCAL

COMPOST

BIOGAS

25%

25%

25%

25%

VIVEROS

FOREST

FORESTALES

NURSERIES

100%

MOVILIDAD

TAXIS

TAXIS, COLECTIVOS CAMIONES

1

2

3

4

5

THERMAL SOLAR SYSTEM

Hot Water with Solar Thermal System (TSS) coupled

to a conventional water heater or modulating.

GLAZING

Switching from single to double glass.

WALLS

Increase insulation envelope

INERTIA

Increased thermal mass and insulation slab

SALAMANDER

Salamander dual combustion

3

1

2

4

5

INVESTMENT

US$1300 x House

ENERGY COST SAVINGS

70%

RETURN INVESTMENT

7 YEARS

HA11_LQOPT | SUSTAINABLE POST-TSUNAMI RECONSTRUCTION MASTERPLAN, CONSTITUCIÓN, CHILE

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1.22m

1.14m

1.22m

PROSPERITY

economic performance and compatibility

Given that public money was going to be scarce, one of the

five courses of action considered was economic reactivation

of the city so that people themselves could begin to add

to the reconstruction efforts. Our scarcest resource though

was not money, but time. So, to buy time, we developed

adequate emergency shelters. And knowing that speed and

quality tend to be incompatible, we applied the incremental

approach of our housing projects to the entire city.

Timber structural model

We designed two alternatives of Incremental Housing. Both with a framing structure using C16 mechanically

graded lumber.

EMERGENCY SHELTER

CONSTITUCIÓN HOUSING “VILLA VERDE” PROJECT - UNDER CONSTRUCTION

CASA ELEMENTAL TECNOPANEL > PANELES

2.05m

2.83m

PV1

PV1

X 2 unid

2.83m

2.05m

4.88m

1.55m

2.83m

PV2

PV3

PV4

X 2 unid

1.32m

3.56m

4.88m

TOTAL 14 PANELES (1.22 X 4.88)

PARA MUROS Y TECHO

PV5

PC1

X 10 unid

2.88m

2.00m

4.88m

PV3

PV1

PV5 PV5 PV5 PV5 PV5

PC1 PC1 PC1 PC1 PC1

PV3

PV1 PV2 PV1

PV4

PV4

PV2 PV1

PC1 PC1 PC1 PC1 PC1

PV5 PV5 PV5 PV5

PV5

The housing project its part of the strategy developed

for the city after the 8.8 earthquake-tsunami on February

27th, 2010, giving housing for the local community and

for families affected by the earthquake and tsunami.

This 484 units housing project its arranged in collective

courtyards conformed by around 20 families with two different

typologies houses. Designed with very low budget

subsidies, the houses provide an incremental growth

ability, with an initial two bedroom on the second floor, a

living-dining room on the first floor and a bathroom. The

house is capable of growing to a final stage, almost duplicating

the initial area of 45m2.

The plan includes the local production of wooden manufactured

materials, in this case provided by the company

Arauco (based in Constitución city). In Chile visually

graded lumber its often used for structural framing in

housing. For the entire framing structure of the house,

we worked with C16 and C24 strength classes. These

timber is machine graded, kiln dried and pressure-impregnated

with a borate (SBX) preservative, offering several

environmental benefits and providing excellent lasting

performance over time.

The result, is a more precise calculation of the strength of

each piece of lumber than what is possible with visually

graded timber, allowing to use full-design strength and

avoiding overbuilding. This fact allows the structure to

reduce the size of the elements for the structural framing,

reducing the final volume of wood used for the project.

Finally, this structural innovation enables the project to

compete in terms of costs with the final volume of wood

used in a visually graded lumber structure and afford a

better structural framing for the project.

www.elementalchile.cl | www.alejandroaravena.com | info@elementalchile.cl | Av. Los Conquistadores 1700 / 25th Floor A / Providencia 7530128 / CHILE | Phone: +56 2 7533000 Fax: +56 2 7533016 04

Construction Progress

HOUSING STANDARD

Framing structure using C16 and C24 strength classes. These timber is machine

graded, kiln dried and pressure-impregnated with low-toxicity borate (SBX).

1. INCREMENTALITY

Emergency and quality tend to be mutually exclusive terms.

If you can´t do quickly and well, do it fast and upgradeable.

Provide structure to the final stage of growth.

Consider the expansions in the design to avoid structural damage.

Ensure middle-class DNA.

2. DENSIFY WITHOUT OVERCROWDING

Capitalize on the good location in the most devastated part of city.

The land is the most important asset.

3. URBAN INTENSITY, NOT ONLY DENSITY

Mix of uses. Incorporating commercial activities on the groundfloor

28m2

level.

+

DESIGNING HOUSING LIKE INVESTMENT, NOT AS A SOCIAL SPEND

59m2

=

28m2

OTHER TYPOLOGIES THAT WERE DESIGNED

71m2 =

71m2 =

12m2

+ =

=

42m2 42m2

+ +

42m2

126m2

68m2 =

28m2

+

68m2

58m2 76m2 38m2 + 38m2

28m2

55m2

+ = 65m2

10m2

+

12m2

HA11_LQOPT | SUSTAINABLE POST-TSUNAMI RECONSTRUCTION MASTERPLAN, CONSTITUCIÓN, CHILE

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PROFICIENCY

contextual and aesthetic impact resource effiency

FIRE STATION

The plan includes the local production of wooden

manufactured materials. The aesthetic approach goes

directly on the hand of local productive development.

So there are no arbitrary decisions of design. The

community itself is endorsing the reconstruction of its

buildings.

SEÑORET SQUARE

Located next to the old train station (new regional

bus terminal) this public square is the first approach

to the city, connected to the new network

of pedestrian streets and the civic center.

This project’s design process is completed and is

currently applying for construction public funds.

TRAIN AND BUS STATION

CIVIC CENTER REPLACEMENT

The design for the reconstruction and modernization

of the civic center and Main Square is

completed and the project is currently at bidding

process, sponsored by Banco de Chile.

HARBOR MASTER

SPORT CENTER

PUBLIC SEA WATER POOLS

ZOCALOS TURÍSTICOS

TOURISTIC PROMENADES

This project includes a bike lane and a set of prefabricated

wood frames that spreads over the 4,5

km long coastal road and they formalize informal

lookout points of emblematic geographic landscapes

of Constitución. This project is currently

under design development stage and sponsored

by Santander Bank with US$ 440.000.

PUBLIC LIBRARY

The new Public Library is located next to the main

square of the city. It’s currently under design development

stage, and is sponsored by Itau Bank

with US$ 370.000.

ENRIQUE DONN SCHOOL

BOAT DOCK

This dock is the replacement of the old river

dock destroyed by the tsunami. It moves with

the tide and allows practicing boating and rowing

sports as well as recreational uses. This project

is currently under design development stage and

sponsored by Security Bank with US$ 440.000.

“Set of projects funded by five banks raise the city”

El Mercurio newspaper, December 16th 2011.

TEMPORARY MARKET

CULTURAL CENTER

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT MUNICIPAL THEATRE

Damage after the earthquake PRES first proposal, located in the park Current project in the original location, at design development stage.

HA11_LQOPT | SUSTAINABLE POST-TSUNAMI RECONSTRUCTION MASTERPLAN, CONSTITUCIÓN, CHILE

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