atw - International Journal for Nuclear Power | 04.2019


atw Vol. 64 (2019) | Issue 4 ı April


model. The 2014 survey in Slovenia

confirmed that the external stakeholders

of NPP had high expectations

of accessible, comprehensive, real and

timely information on the operation

and impacts of the NPPs and their

short-term and long-term activities

[Simončič & Žurga, 2016].

Stakeholder involvement in nuclear

safety issues requires established communication

mechanisms and channels

for discussions between the interested

parties and those responsible for

decision- making. It should be an

integral part of the management of

nuclear facilities from their conception

through final closure and decommissioning.

Thus, implementation of

managerial plan will need to include

mechanisms to continually monitor

the effectiveness of the program and

make changes and improvements

based upon the results of this evaluation.

[IAEA, 2011]

Purpose and hypothesis

of the research

In the research we examined the hypothesis

that respecting the interests

of stakeholders is a prere quisite for

the acceptability of the NPPs in society

and the environment and strengthens

quality of their coexistence. We

demonstrated and proved that NPPs

are aware of their impact and that

they want to satisfy the interests of

their stakeholders. Considering importance

of effective stakeholder

strategy for respect of their interests,

we developed and presented the

optimal model for involving external

stakeholders in the NPPs.

2 Research methodology


For the purpose of the research, two

questionnaires with closed type

questions (statements) were developed,

one for external stakeholders

and another for NPPs. Respondents

expressed level of their agreement

with statements by: 1 – Completely

disagree, 2 – Disagree, 3 – Undecided,

4 – Agree, 5 – Fully agree. For basic

analysis, descriptive statistics methods

were used. For analyzing the completed

questionnaires, we used frequency

statistics, Cronbach Alpha

Test, Exploratory Factorial Analysis

of Ordinal Variables, Structured Equation

Modelling (SEM) with Lisrel,

Mann-Whitney and Kruskal- Wallis


Sample and timeframe,

data collecting

External stakeholders of the only

Slovenian NPP included in the

research were:


Representatives of local com munities,

namely 432 randomly

selected citizens from the Posavje

region in which the NPP is located

and, in the sample of “other

Slovenian regions”, four randomly

selected statistical units were

included, i.e. the Jugovzhodna

Slovenija region, the Obalno-kraška

region, the Savinjska region

and the Zasavska region (488 persons);


Suppliers of goods and service

providers of the NPP that are

registered in the Republic of

Slovenia. This stakeholders group

comprised of companies that

supplied goods or services in the

years 2012–2017. We randomly

selected 110 suppliers;


Journalists: invitations for journalists

were sent to 177 addresses;


Non-governmental organizatios. In

June 2017, thirty non-government

organizations (NGOs) were registered

in Slovenia with the status of

acting in the public interest in the

field of environmental protection

and 36 associations operating in

public interest in nature conservation.

They were all included in

the research;


Political public. Slovenian political

public represented by the President

of the Republic of Slovenia, the

Prime Minister, ministers, members

of the National Council, members

of the National Assembly, constitutional

judges and mayors of

Slovenian municipalities elected in

the 2014–2018 term was included

in the research. We sent invitations

to co-operate in the survey to e-mail

addresses of all official representatives

(offices, cabinets), that are

listed on their official websites,

except municipalities. Concerning

mayors, 22 municipalities (approximately

10 % of all) were randomly


As representatives of NPPs, we invited

members of World Association of

Nuclear Operators (WANO), Paris

centre to co-operate in the research.

At the time of the research, the

regional Paris centre represented 147

nuclear reactors from 13 countries.

The WANO organization allowed us to

invite the power plants to participate

in the research through their internal

information system. In this way, we

have ensured good responsiveness.

Representatives of NPPs were invited

to indicate whether they were operators

or owners of their respective NPP.

Web based surveys were con ducted

in October 2017. The research was

carried out at a time when the next

European concept of electricity supply

was primarily oriented towards lowcarbon

sources what included nuclear

power, as an important part of the

solution in the long-term supply of

electricity in many countries.

3 Results and hypothesis


Responsiveness and

characteristics of the sample

Almost 36 % of respondents live up to

30 km from the NPP, app. 12 % of

them are up to 10 km from the NPP.


Group of


Number of

participant (N)



432 Local communities – Posavje 95 22.0



Local communities –

other Slovenian regions

Suppliers of goods and service

providers of NPP

91 18.6

21 19.1

66 NGOs 17 25.8

124 Slovenian political public 21 16.9

177 Journalists 23 13.0

Others 24

1397 292 20.9

| | Tab. 1.

Response and number of participating stakeholders of NPP.

Function in the organization: operators of NPPs (N)

Top management 23

Representative in organization WANO 17

Public relations of NPPs 5

NPPs together 45

Function in the organization: owners of NPPs (N)

Top management 1

Representative in the WANO 1

Public relations of owner 1

Owners together 3

| | Tab. 2.

Number of participating NPPs, and organizational function of respondents.

Energy Policy, Economy and Law

Successful Co-Existance of Nuclear Power Plants with Their External Stakeholders ı Milan Simončič and Gordana Žurga

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines