atw - International Journal for Nuclear Power | 04.2019

inforum

atw Vol. 64 (2019) | Issue 4 ı April

Statement N Mdn Min Max SD

(1) NPP is obliged to recognize and respect the interests and legitimate rights of various stakeholders

and respond to their initiatives.

| | Tab. 3.

Statements from the questionnaire, basic statistics.

Note. N= total number of responses; Mdn = median; Min = minimum value; Max = maximal value; SD = standard deviation.

App. 35 % of the participants in the

survey have a residence of more than

100 km from the NPP (Table 1).

Response rate of the NPPs was

about 30 %. All together, 45 respondents

were operators and three

respondents were among owners of

NPPs. Table 2 shows involvement of

NPPs’ representatives, namely members

of top management, representatives

in the WANO organization and

public relation officers.

Due to low response rate of the

owners, we consider in continuation

of this article only responses from the

operators.

Data analysis

for hypothesis testing

For testing the hypothesis set, 11

statements from the questionnaire for

stakeholders were used, for which the

respondents expressed their degree of

agreement (­Table 3).

Ordinal variables were not normally

distributed. We used factor

analysis for the ordinal variables, the

Maximum Likelihood (ML) method,

which is more robust in terms of

abnormal distribution. Using the

histograms, we also verified that there

were no outliers. Using the Lisrel tool,

we performed exploratory factor

analysis for the Varimax rotation

ordinal variables. We found that three

factors offered a suitable solution

( Table 4).

With the Cronbach alpha test, we

found that variables 5 and 8 differed

significantly, so we excluded them.

Variables 1 to 4 were combined in

Factor 1, “Respect” ( respecting stakeholder

interests). In Factor 2 “Acceptability”

(acceptability of NPP) we

combined variables 6 and 7. In Factor

3 “Coexistence” (quality of coexistence)

we combined variables 9 to 11.

The correlations between the factors

are given in Table 5. It is evident that

the correlation between factors 1 and

3 is weak (0.057).

In all three data constructs, the

Cronbach Alpha was greater than

0.7, what ensures good reliability

( Table 6).

Calculation was performed using

the SEM method (structural equation

modelling). Namely, according to

Civelek [2018] SEM tests the relationships

between observed and latent

variables. Observed variables are the

measured variables in the data collection

process and latent variables are

the variables measured by connecting

to the observed variables because they

cannot be directly measured. SEM

consists of two basic components as

structural model and measurement

model. Another reason for the widespread

adoption of this method is the

ability of taking into the account

measurement errors and the relationships

between errors in the observed

variables.

In the basic model, we used all three

defined latent variables: respec ting

| | Tab. 5.

Correlations between factors.

289 4 3 5 0.566

(2) NPP should be aware that some stakeholders might have a significant influence on its operation. 289 4 3 5 0.565

(3) NPP must take into account the relationships between the interests of its stakeholders, the broader

expectations of society and nuclear power plants.

287 4 2 5 0.601

(4) NPP must know how its stakeholders are satisfied with the activities it is carrying out. 288 4 3 5 0.549

(5) NPP can also be located in the vicinity of residential areas. 288 2 1 5 1.065

(6) The acceptability of a NPP in the environment is possible only if NPP respect and take into account

the interests of their stakeholders.

288 4 1 5 0.968

(7) The trust between local communities and the NPP is a prerequisite for the acceptance of NPP. 288 4 1 5 0.870

(8) Donations and other material incentives for local communities increase the acceptability of the NPP. 287 4 1 5 1.145

(9) NPP can be placed in the environment where I live, but only if they are socially responsible. 286 4 1 5 1.323

(10) NPP creates new jobs, expands economic activity and technological development. 288 4 1 5 1.001

(11) NPP influences the higher quality of life in the local community. 286 3 1 5 1.171

Statement Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Unique variance

(1) 0.844 0.021 0.026 0.287

(2) 0.973 0.010 0.025 0.052

(3) 0.790 0.319 0.033 0.272

(4) 0.688 0.367 0.146 0.370

(5) -0.058 0.116 0.656 0.553

(6) 0.333 0.640 0.460 0.268

(7) 0.305 0.646 0.529 0.210

(8) 0.037 0.271 0.604 0.561

(9) 0.073 0.206 0.764 0.368

(10) 0.108 0.167 0.808 0.307

(11) 0.076 0.042 0.882 0.214

Factor 1

(“Respect”)

Factor 2

(“Acceptability”)

Factor 3

(“Coexistence”)

Factor 1

(“Respect”)

1.000

Factor 2

(“Acceptability”)

0.479 1.000

Factor 3

(“Coexistence”)

0.057 0.534 1.000

Factor Statement Number of

statements

Factor 1

(“Respect”)

Factor 2

(“Acceptability”)

Factor 3

(“Coexistence”)

Cronbach

Alfa

(1) 4 0.839

(2)

(3)

(4)

(6) 2 0.812

(7)

(9) 3 0.835

(10)

(11)

ENERGY POLICY, ECONOMY AND LAW 199

| | Tab. 4.

Exploratory factor analysis.

| | Tab. 6.

Test Cronbach Alfa.

Energy Policy, Economy and Law

Successful Co-Existance of Nuclear Power Plants with Their External Stakeholders ı Milan Simončič and Gordana Žurga

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines