atw - International Journal for Nuclear Power | 04.2019

inforum

All results are from a survey of 2,061 people, conducted on behalf of the Nuclear Industry Association by YouGov, 29 November to 6 December2018

atw Vol. 64 (2019) | Issue 4 ı April

Arrangements over the second year of

their implementation.

The EU reaffirmed its support for

the IAEA’s 2018-2021 Nuclear Security

Plan, highlighting the importance of

the universalisation and implementation

of the Amendment to the Convention

on the Physical Protection of

Nuclear Material (A/CPPNM). Implementation

of the EU Council Decisions

in support of IAEA’s activities on

nuclear security was also discussed.

The two sides also reviewed cooperation

on technical matters in the field of

nuclear security.

Officials reviewed progress on the

implementation of nuclear safeguards

in EU Member States and on the European

Commission Safeguards Support

Programme to the IAEA.

The next Senior Officials Meeting

is expected to take place in Vienna in

early 2020

| | www.iaea.org

Did you miss the NEA webinar

on the true costs of decarbonisation?

(nea) The NEA hosted a webinar on

17 January to preview the findings

from the report The Costs of Decarbonisation:

System Costs with High

Shares of Nuclear and Renewables.

The webinar featured introductory

remarks by the OECD Secretary-

General Ángel Gurría and NEA

Director- General Magwood, who led a

discussion on the importance of

system costs in assessing the overall

costs of the energy transitions under

way. If you missed the live webcast,

the video recording is available at

oe.cd/nea‐system‐costs‐webinar‐2019

| | www.oecd-nea.org

Nuclear Industry Association

publishes 2018 public polling

(niauk) New research, carried out for

the Nuclear Industry Association by

YouGov has revealed what the public

thinks about nuclear energy.

The 2018 polling data has found

that 72% of people support nuclear as

part of a low carbon energy mix. In

addition, nuclear is seen as the most

secure for keeping the lights on, with

35% agreeing it is the most secure, followed

by 16% for solar, and 13% for

gas and offshore wind respectively.

The 2008 Climate Change Act established

a legally binding climate

change target aiming to reduce the

UK’s emissions by at least 80% by

2050. However, the research showed

that 73% of people agreed the government

should be doing more to combat

carbon emissions.

When asked about small reactors,

two in five of those asked agreed that

they could play a role in tackling climate

change, and 45% agreed they

could increase energy security.

The research also showed nuclear

is considered the best for job creation

and investment, when compared to

other energy sources.

| | www.niauk.org

Reactors

NIA Polling:

What the public think

YouGov, on behalf of the Nuclear Industry Association, has carried out polling to find

out what the public think about nuclear. Here are the findings of the 2018 research.

More people support nuclear as

part of a low carbon energy mix

Nuclear energy is ranked highest

for job creation and investment

Nuclear Industry Association is a company limited by guarantee registered in England No. 2804518.

Registered Office: 5 th Floor, Tower House, 10 Southampton Street, London WC2E 7HA

Nuclear energy is seen

as most secure for

keeping the lights on

Most agree government

should be doing more to

combat CO 2 emissions

45% agree, SMRs

could increase

energy security

Two in five agree

SMRs could tackle

climate change

Men favour new build

more than women

NIAUK.ORG

| | Nuclear Industry Association publishes 2018

public polling

40 years after Three Mile Island,

nuclear plants are among the

safest U.S. Facilities

(nei) March 28 marks 40 years since

the accident that damaged the core of

the Three Mile Island (TMI) 2 nuclear

reactor. The event was caused by a

combination of equipment failure and

the inability of plant operators to

understand the reactor’s condition at

certain times during the event.

The TMI accident was a cultural

touchstone for the nation and a turning

point for the industry. And while there

were no reported injuries or adverse

health effects from the accident, our

industry learned crucial lessons from

that day and has continued to enhance

the safety of our plants year after year.

As a result, safety is in the DNA of

every U.S. nuclear plant. By a variety

of metrics – rate of human error, worker

injury or equipment failure, number

of unplanned shutdowns and level

of occupational exposure – plant operations

are smooth, stable and smart.

Nuclear plants pursue excellence

All companies operating power reactors

have adopted a shared safety model

and formed an independent safety

organization, the Institute of Nuclear

Power Operations, to perform frequent

in-depth audits of all the reactors including

peer audits, in which operators

of similar plants travel from site to site

to critically examine each other’s practices,

successes and challenges.

Additionally, plant executives brief

each other on their malfunctions, personnel

errors and other events and

critique each other’s approach to operations.

The plants still adhere to a strict

code of regulations from the U.S.

Nuclear Regulatory Commission, but

the peer-to-peer interactions are more

comprehensive and promote a level of

safety and excellence in operations far

beyond what the government requires.

In fact, the Electric Power Research

Institute (EPRI) found that the risks

posed to public health and safety from

nuclear plants are much lower than

previously understood. While studies

in the 1980s and 1990s showed plants

had operated at a relatively modest

margin of safety, a recent EPRI study

shows that U.S. plants are nearly 100

times more safe than the NRC’s own

safety goals.

Nuclear plants are well-run

Highly trained experts run America’s

98 nuclear plants. With the NRC’s oversight

and layers of safety precautions, a

nuclear plant is one of the safest industrial

environments in the United States.

Plant workers are well- qualified: Reactor

operators must hold federal licenses

that require extensive training to

obtain and they typically spend one

week out of every five in training.

Following the accident at Three

Mile Island 2, the industry formed the

National Academy for Nuclear Training

to promote the highest levels of training

program excellence and consistency

across the industry. Every four

years nuclear power plants are required

to demonstrate high standards in their

training programs to maintain program

accreditation by the academy.

Plants also have training simulators,

which are exact duplicates of control

rooms, but connected to a computer,

not a reactor. That allows the operators

to practice responses to postulated accidents

that cannot be run on a real reactor,

similar to jet pilots who practice

engine failures or instrument malfunctions

on a simulated airliner.

Nuclear plants have evolved

since 1979

Innovation drives the nuclear industry.

These plants may look the same

on the outside, but throughout their

operation, they are continuously

235

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