28042019 - No delaying minimum wage, go ahead and pay, FG tells MDAs, states, others




release 2019

UTME results

from tomorrow

The Joint Admissions

and Matriculation Board

(JAMB) has assured

candidates of the 2019

Unified Tertiary


Examination (UTME) that

results would be ready

from tomorrow, April 29.

The Board’s Head of

Media and Publicity, Dr

Fabian Benjamin,

disclosed this in an

interview with News

Agency of Nigeria (NAN)

in Bwari.

Benjamin said that

screening of the results

would soon be over and the

results released.

“We are still screening

but hopefully, anytime

next week, the results will

be ready,” he said.

Speaking also on the

board’s readiness to screen

results of UTME

candidates from 2009 to

2018, Benjamin said this

would begin after the

release of the 2019 results.

He said this was part of

the board’s effort to

address the issues of

malpractice in the system.

The board had stated

that it would only release

the 2019 UTME results

after undergoing thorough

screening to identify and

apprehend examination


The process would

identify those involved in

multiple registration

through biometric

capturing and also

address group registration

by some elite schools, who

end up mixing candidate’s


The board said:

Normally, results are

expected to be out within

24 to 48 hours as obtained

in previous examinations

held in 2017 and 2018.

“However, the board

does not want this to be

business as usual.

“Hence the programmed

delay, which is part of its

deliberate effort to

properly scrutinize,

identify and address all

forms of examination


“The board will continue

to act decisively with

regards to any irregularity

discovered even after

results are released.

“However, the board has

made it a point of duty to

screen all activities at all

centres via CCTV

recordings, to ensure that

it does not release results

of compromised


The board, while



inconvenience caused in

the process, reaffirmed its

commitment to providing

equal opportunity to all

candidates in order to

articulate their


JAMB said that effective

from when it would

officially release the

results, all candidates can

simply send RESULT, via

SMS, to 55019 using the

same number that was

used for registration.

The result, it said, would

be replied as an SMS

shortly after.

This process, the board

explained, was simplified to

eliminate exploitation by

business centres and cyber

cafés who often take

advantage of candidates.

It also urged candidates to

ignore all messages in

circulation on how to check

the results as they were all

products of deceit.

Enugu State Governor, Rt. Hon. Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi (2nd right) with the

Catholic Bishop of Enugu Doicese, Most Rev. Dr. Callistus Onaga (middle);

Vice Chancellor of Godfrey Okoye University, Enugu, Prof. Christian Anieke

(right); son of Hon. Justice Priscilla Ngozi Emehelu, the Chief Judge of

Enugu State, Ogugua (left) and daughter of Chief Dubem Onyia, former

Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Mukosolu, during the couple's Wedding

Mass at St. Mary's Catholic Parish, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu, yesterday.

Lagos NANS spokesperson

stabbed to death



stabbed to death

Aderibigbe Oshin-

Adisa, the public relations

officer of the National

Association of Nigerian

Students (NANS), joint

campus committee, Lagos

State chapter.

Mr Oshin-Adisa, a fresh

graduate of the Federal

College of Fisheries and

Marine Technology, Lagos,

was attacked at the

Okokomaiko area of the

Lagos-Badagry expressway.

Bleeding profusely from

the stab wounds, on

Thursday Mr Oshin-Adisa

managed to get to the police

station at Okokomaiko and

was rushed to the Badagry

2019 World Malaria Day: Mortein, FG Partner

for a Malaria Free Nigeria

In continuation of its

fight against malaria

and as part of

activities to mark this

year’s World Malaria Day,

held under the theme:’ Zero

malaria starts with me’ ,

Reckitt Benckiser (RB),

makers of Mortein

insecticide, joined forces

with the National Malaria

Elimination Program

(NMEP), Lagos and Abia

State governments, to

scale up action on the

elimination of malaria in


Speaking at the press

briefing in Abuja to

commemorate the 2019

WMD, the Marketing

Director, RB West Africa,

Leferink Aliza, said the

collaborations were part of

numerous activities by the

company to end the

prevalence of the malaria

scourge in Nigeria and

General Hospital by police

officers, PREMIUM

TIMES learnt.

He died the next day.

Yusuff Abdulrasaq, the

NANS Lagos State

Secretary, said the rising

state of insecurity in their

area is becoming

unbearable and the students

would demand justice for

Mr Oshin-Adisa.

“The same road (Lagos-

Badagry expressway)

harbours two tertiary

institutions, Lagos State

University and Adeniran

Ogunsanya College of

Education, if the students’

spokesman can be attacked

and eventually lost his life,

definitely many of the

students and commuters are

Why companies are closing down

in Nigeria — Expert

r Aliyu Ilias, the

MExecutive Director,

Save the Consumers

Initiative, yesterday, said

companies in Nigeria and

Africa are closing down due

to bad customer services.

He made the assertion in

Abuja at a public presentation

of a book he authored on

“Understanding Customer

Experience in Africa”.

According to him, if

companies must secure high

patronage of goods and

services they produce, they

must give people good

experience that will

guarantee high patronage

and make for high profit.

“Manufacturers, producers

need to redirect their products

and services to offer good

customer service experience,

if not, companies from

outside Nigeria and Africa

will come and take the money


“They must learn how to

give people good experience,

good experience will make

people to patronise them.

Some companies are going

out of business because of

bad customer experience.

“African’s, Nigerian’s, don’t

complain but they will go

behind and tell each other

Africa as a whole. Aliza

said the partnership with

state and Federal

Governments, which has

been on-going for years,

further demonstrated the

company’s efforts and

commitment at different

levels in the fight to ensure

a malaria free country.

“The theme challenges

all of us to make a

personal commitment to

saving lives and helping

communities to thrive by

ending malaria. Decades

of significant progress

against the disease have

slowed as cases of malaria

increased in 2016 and

2017. There is an urgent

need to re-energise the

fight to eliminate the

disease, which still

threatens half of the global

population and kills one

child every two minutes” ,

she added.

not safe,” Mr Abdulrasaq

said in a statement.

“We call on all security

agencies to investigate this

matter and bring all

culprits to justice, the

students will not hesitate to

choose a date to protest

against the insecurity in our

vicinity. An injury to one is

an injury to all.”

Phone calls and text

messages to Bala Elkana,

the police spokesperson in

Lagos State, were not

responded to.

Mr Abdulrasaq told


yesterday morning, that the

students’ association would

go to the police station

today “to get full report

about the case which might

lead to peaceful protest as

the case may be.”

about what they experienced

with such companies.

“This is why a book like this

is written to guide people to

retain their customers and to

stop customer shunning,” he


Ilias said that Africans do

not want to spend their

monies where they would not

be appreciated, adding that

competitors would always

want to push rival companies

out of business due to lack of

good customer service


He said that for Africa to

have standard consumer

policy, the African Union

must come together to

formulate the policy and

ensure that companies

adhered to them.

Brand Manager, West

Africa, Reckitt Benckiser,

Phoebe Larry Izamoje,

explained that, through

the grassroots community

engagement, RB educates

communities on the

importance of hygiene and

how the simple habit of

maintaining clean

surroundings and

drainages can significantly

help to reduce malaria


Minister of Health, Prof.

Isaac Adewole, in his address

at the event, said this year’s

campaign draw significant

attention to the need to

completely eradicate the

malaria scourge in the

country. He commended

all stakeholders for their

work and sustained

support in the fight against

malaria through

collaborations with the


Why we are sponsoring CNN

African Voices – Glo

lobacom, national tele

Gcommunications operator

and exclusive sponsor of

African Voices on CNN International,

says the need to give

Africa a genuine platform to

tell its own story informed its

decision to sponsor the programme

since 2010.

The Executive Vice Chairman

of the company, Mrs

Bella Disu, said this at the

10th Anniversary Cocktail

held by CNN in Victoria Island,

Lagos, on Thursday to

celebrate a decade of uninterrupted

broadcast of the


She told the audience,

which comprised Glo dealers,

publishers and chief executive

officers of major media

organisations, popular

bloggers, entertainment stars

and prominent Nigerians,

that CNN African Voices had,

in the past ten years, brought

to limelight several African

legends and budding talents

who are making a difference

in various fields of endeavour.

These include young entrepreneurs

like Ethiopia's Abai

Schulze and legends like the

late Chinua Achebe.

"Africa has always had rich

stories, cultures and innovations.

We have never lacked

talents, what we lacked were

platforms to amplify them in

a reverend and authentic

manner," she stated, adding

that CNN African Voices, had

"played its part by sport-lighting

a continent that has a lot

to offer to the world, and undoubtedly

accelerating its

global influence".

"At Globacom, we play our

C&S Council of Prophets celebrates

50 years of Mount Horeb

Members of the Cheru

bim and Seraphim

Movement worldwide will,

from 29 April -3 May, gather

at Orile-Igbon, Oyo State, for

the Annual Mount Horeb ascension,

a programme organized

yearly by the

International Council of

Prophets of the Cherubim and

Seraphim Movement

Church (Worldwide) Ayo Ni

O. The programme will also

take in the 50th anniversary

of Mount Horeb ascension


Thanksgiving. According

to Prophet Abiodun Ogunsakin,

Conference General

Secretary, the theme of the

part by providing world class

telecommunication services,

and supporting platforms

that promote growth and success.

And to this end, I look

forward to many more years

of mutually beneficial partnership

with CNN", she concluded.

Also speaking at the cocktail,

Account Director, CNN

International Commercial,

Zara Driss, said, “we are

proud to work with such a

committed, long-standing

sponsor of a show that shares

our passion about the diverse

culture of Africa. Together

with Globacom, we look forward

to this new era of African

Voices and its television

and digital programming

that will raise the profile of

the continent’s change makers

amongst international


In her own remarks, the

Supervising Producer of African

Voices, Jenni Watts,

said, “it is humbling to come

to Africa to see the impact of

the stories and have time to

reflect,” adding that she was

a huge fan of Chimanmanda

Adiche who is well loved by

Mrs Michelle Obama.

Among those who attended

the event were juju music

maestro, King Sunny Ade,

and Orente singer, Adekunle,

Gold who entertained guests.

Globacom started sponsoring

African Voices nine years

ago, and has over the years

contributed to changing the

narrative in the world information

order by allowing Africans

to tell their own stories

to the world without misrepresentations.

programme is “Conquering

Faith; The Triumph of the


“Today’s church is confronted

by enemies on every

side and the persecution of

believers is severe in nations,

said Ogunsakin, who added

that the theme has been carefully

and prayerfully chosen

to further reiterate the great

commission which is the triumph

of the church through

the power of Jesus Christ.

The conference will include

keynote addresses, workshop,

seminars, presentations,

games, spiritual fitness programmes,

vigil and 2019 Ascension

of Mount Horeb.

Tecno Launches Spark 3

Series with AI Technology

By Destiny Eseaga

frica's preferred smart

Aphone maker, TECNO

Nigeria has launched a

new smartphone series, the

SPARK 3, witnessed by

Government representatives,

dealers, celebrities

and the media amongst

others in Lagos, recently.

The phone maker noted

that the latest device will

make better pictures with

bright and clear selfies as

it comes upgraded with AI

Technology to light up

smartphone experience.

Welcoming guests, Brand

Manager TECNO

Nigeria, Luke Pan said: '

We are proud to announce

the release of TECNO

SPARK 3 series. Equipped

with the latest AI Technology,

the success of SPARK

3 is predicted to surpass

that of its predecessors.

SPARK 3 takes photography

to a whole new level

as it is a by-product of rigorous

research of many

human faces. Come and try

SPARK 3 series, the AI

Beauty Mode will blow

your mind.'

Also speaking, PR and

Strategic Partnership

Manger, TECNO Nigeria,

Jesse Oguntimehin said:

'TECNO, as Africa’s most

preferred smartphone

brand, is known for devices

that provide premium

experiences at a price and

value that dwarf those of its

closest competitors, so

without a doubt, SPARK fans

will be delighted to have and

share experiences with the

new SPARK 3 series'

In its customary way of

giving back, TECNO mobile

also kicked off the 3rd edition

of its Light up Your Dream

campaign through a feature

short film that detailed the

journey and achievements of

previous winners.

Announcing this, Deputy

Marketing Manager, Tecno

Nigeria, Atai Oguche mentioned

that unlike previous

editions, this year's edition

would produce seven millionaires

who would be selected

via online and

offline platforms


I don’t know

how banking


got into my


— Balogun,

founder, FCMB

By Akoma Chinweoke



Olasubomi Balogun,

founder of FCMB

Group and Olori Omooba

of Ijebuland, has attributed

his outstanding

success story in life and the

country’s banking sector in

particular to divine intervention,

insisting that he

just could not explain how

great banking innovations

got into his head.

The business icon, who

disclosed this in Lagos in

an interview, said he was

still amazed at his achievements

and would remain

grateful to God for making

him strong and articulate

even age 85 plus, adding

that, day-after-day,

there was a strong conviction

that he had a duty to

devote the rest of his life to

service of God, and always

do things that add significant

value to humanity.

Speaking on how he became

successful , the Olori

Omo-oba of Ijebuland, who

has reached an altitude in

life that is continuously

shaping his attitude of gratitude

to God, had this to


“This is what made me,

in addition to divine intervention.

At a point in time,

the government of this

country decided to set up

indigenization whereby all

foreigners would sell their

shares to Nigerians, 40

percent, 60 percent or the

whole and we required an

issuing house to do it at

the Stock Exchange. I had

gained some fame in selling

UAC. “

*Full interview next week.

L-R: Globacom's Executive Vice Chairman, Mrs. Bella Disu, and Account Director, CNN

International Commercial, Zara Driss, cutting the 10th anniversary cake of African Voices,

exclusively sponsored on CNN by Globacom at a cocktail party held at Sky Lounge, Eko

Hotel at the weekend.

NUC unveils governance structure

for private varsities

•Ade-Ojo gives 2 graduates N5m

to start business

By Dayo Johnson, Akure

THE National Uni

versities Commission

(NUC) says it has developed

a blueprint for

the rapid revitalization of

university education in

the country for the years

2019 – 2023. Its Executive

Secretary, Prof. Abubakar

Rasheed, disclosed

this during the 3rd convocation

ceremony of

Elizade University, Ilara-

Mokin, Ondo State

“The development of

the blueprint was thought

on an extensive multistakeholder

base and inputs

were sought from

students, parents, teaching

and non-teaching,

Vice-Chancellors and

other stakeholders”, Rasheed


“Data were gathered to

determine our rank and

challenges faced in the

system in this time, as

well as to seek practicable

and sustainable solutions

to the challenges

Nine Nigerians arrested in

US for $3.5m wire fraud

*Two in trouble over bitcom scam

Nine Nigerians have

been arrested in the

United States (US) for defrauding

individuals and

businesses of more than

$3.5 million.

Geoffrey S. Berman, the

United States attorney for

the southern district of New

York, and James C. Spero,

special agent in charge of

the Tampa, Florida, field

office of U.S. immigration

and customs enforcement’s

Homeland security investigations

(“HSI”), disclosed

this in a statement on


The suspects are Oluwaseun

Adelekan, Olalekan

Daramola, Solomon Aburekhanlen,

Gbenga Oyeneyin,

Abiola Olajumoke,

Temitope Omotayo, Bryan

Eadie, Albert Lucas and

Ademola Adebogun.

The US officials said the

suspects committed the

fraud through business

and the cost implication for

the solution”. Speaking

on the challenges of governance

in private universities,

the NUC ES said,

“The Commission has also

produced the board of corporate

governance for private

universities to guide

the Proprietors, the Board

of Trustees, Governing

Council and management.

“The document clearly

delineates the role of each

level of governance structure

to improve university

governance in Nigeria”.

He lauded Elizade University

for grooming the

graduates “into potential

experts, future leaders and

next-generation solution

providers in various sectors

of our national life”.

The Vice Chancellor of

the institution, Prof Olukayode

Amund, who said

131 students from four faculties

graduated, noted that

the university lays emphasis

on character moulding.

“Our emphasis is to produce

graduates that would

email compromises, a Russian

oil scam, and a romance


“As alleged, these defendants

deployed three

different email schemes to

defraud their victims.

The common denominator

in all three schemes was

the defendants’ alleged

fleecing of their victims

through fictitious online

identities,” said Berman.

“The schemes allegedly

earned the defendants $3.5

million – and also arrests

on federal felony charges.”

The defendants are accused

of participating in a

scheme to defraud businesses

and individuals

through several categories

of false and misleading


They are each charged in

the indictment with one

count of conspiring to

commit wire fraud and

each defendant faces a

positively affect the society

when they occupy high

public offices or political

positions in future or as

captains of industry or

commerce in the private

sector”, Amund said.

The founder of the University,

Chief Micheal Ade-

Ojo, admonished the new

graduates to go and excel

in the chosen careers even

as he gave N5m to two of

them to start a joint business.

18 of the new graduates

had first class, 73 second

class upper division,

35 second class lower division

and five third class.

maximum potential sentence

of 20 years in prison.

In a related development,

two Nigerians are in

trouble in the US after being

indicted by prosecutors

for running a fraudulent

bitcoin investment


Onwuemerie Ogor Gift

and Kelvin Usifoh were

charged by Oregon District

Attorney’s Office with 11

counts of wire fraud, as

well as conspiracy to commit

wire fraud and money

laundering, according to

a report. From December

2017 to June 2018, Gift

and Usifoh allegedly promoted

the fake bitcoin investment

scheme via three


Gift and Usifoh falsely

claimed that victims’ bitcoins

would be invested

using “unique trading

methods” and that they

would maintain a “constant

high interest rate.”

The pair also allegedly

encouraged investors to

transfer bitcoin to their

own cryptocurrency wallets.

Once transferred, Gift

and Usifoh would exchange

it for Nigerian

naira. In over six months,

the defendants stole 10.88

bitcoins (worth approximately

$56,391 at press

time) from three victims,

one residing in Oregon

and two in California, according

to the indictment.

They also used a photo of

a fourth victim to promote

their scheme.

In total, the prosecutors

alleged that Gift and Usifoh

received more than 50

bitcoins ($259,000)

through the scam.

STARS University felicitates

with Ned Nwoko over FUPRE’s

doctorate award

The Project Implemen

tation Committee

(PIC) of the proposed

STARS University, Idumuje-Ugboko,

Delta State has

congratulated Hon. Prince

Ned Nwoko on his conferment

with an Honorary

Doctor of Science Degree

(Honoris Causa) by the

Federal University of Petroleum

Resources, Effurun

(FUPRE), Delta State.

A statement signed on behalf

of the committee by

Professor Nduka Uraih,

who heads the team, said,

“The conferment is a tacit

recognition of Ned Nwoko’s

Buhari asked to give Isoko


By Etop Ekanem

The leadership of Isoko

Equity Group, IEG,

has again appealed to the

Federal Government to appoint

the next minister to

represent Delta State in the

Federal Executive Council

from Isoko nation.

The group restated its demand

during a meeting with

President-General, Isoko

Development Union, IDU,

the umbella body of Isoko

people world wide, at the

national secretariat of the

union in Oleh, headquarters

of Isoko South Local Government

Area of Delta


The Convener of IEG, Mr

Silas Buowe, who spoke to

newsmen after the closed

door meeting, said: “We are

here to intimate the President-General

Isoko Development

Union, High Chief

Iduh Amadhe, of our agitation

for President

Muhammadu Buhar to appoint

an indigene of Isoko

Elders take Ekiti Blueprint

to monarchs

By Rotimi Ojomoyela

EKITI Council of

Elders is taking the

Ekiti State Blueprint to palaces

across the state to acquaint

monarchs and the

people with the content.

The advocacy kicks off

tomorrow at the Ewi palace

in Ado Ekiti. The idea of the

Blueprint was conceived by

the Council with contributions

from sons and daughters

of Ekiti home and

abroad with the aim of

putting the state on a progressive


In a statement by the

Chairman, Prof. Joseph

Oluwosanmi; General Secretary,

Hon. Niyi Ajibulu,

and PRO, Dr. Bayo Orire, the

Council congratulated the

Ewi and the people of Ado

towering contributions to

the growth of society

through human capital development


The statement posited

that the congratulatory

message stemmed from

Nwoko’s attributes as “an

iconic pathfinder, indefatigable

philanthropist, quintessential

facilitator of novel

projects prominent

amongst which is the proposed

Sport, Technology,

Agriculture, Research and

Science (Stars) University,

Idumuje-Ugboko, with the

trail-blazing concept of a

sports university”.

as minister to represent

Delta State in the new Federal

Executive Council

come May 2019.

“The IDU President-General,

who is the father of

Isoko Nation, said he had

been following the trend and

was very proud of what

Isoko Equity Group is doing

and promised to help in

whatever legal way possible

to enable the group realise

its set out goals.

No Isoko man or

woman has been appointment

minister since 1973.

That is how deep rooted we

have been marginalised as

a people. We also extensively

discussed the lack of Federal

Government presence

in Isoko particularly in

terms of big ticket infrastructure,

despite its vast oil

resources contributing.

“On the entourage of the

Convener Isoko Equity

Group is the Secretary General

and Patron of the

Group, Dr. Prosper

Awhoregba, and Lucky

Okperi among others”.

Ekiti for the urbanization

that has taken place in the

city from 1996 till date.

“Ekiti Council of Elders

appreciates His Royal Majesty

The Ewi & his Council

of Chiefs for supporting the

Government & the town

people affected by this vital

developmental process”?,

the statement said.

“The Council is happy

that the New Iyin Road

project has finally taken off

and that the abandoned

Civic Centre will be completed

by December all of

which will make Ado Ekiti

more cosmopolitan.

“The resolve of governor

Kayode Fayemi not to abandon

projects initiated by his

predecessor such as the

New Oja Oba which is also

of great importance to the

people is highly commendable”.

BEDC connects Omozogie-Uteh community to national grid

It was mass jubilation

for the residents of

Omozogie in Uteh Community,

Ikpoba Okha Local

Government Area of

Edo State last Friday as

BEDC Electricity Plc

(BEDC) connected the

community to the national

grid after years without

electricity supply.

The commissioning of

the substation which started

with a town hall meeting

organized by the community

had in attendance

BEDC management team

led by the Head, Community

Relations Officer, Mrs

Virginia Osineme, Business

Manager of Ikpoba

Hill, Mrs. Ekaete Ntukidem

and her Business

Head Distribution, Engr.

Mamah, the Odionwere,

electricity committee

members and residents of

Uteh Omozogie community

was meant to brief the

residents on need to see the

substation as a collective

responsibility which

should be protected

against vandalism and all

other forms of energy theft.

Addressing the town hall

meeting, the Head, Community

Relations, Mrs Osineme

said “The protection

of the substation is

everybody’s business. If

there is no light, you know

who to meet and talk to. If

you see anybody in the

substation that is not authorized

by BEDC and the

electricity committee, he

or she is a vandal and

should be apprehended”.

The General Okae-Don,

Uteh. Mr Iyoha Omozogie

lauded BEDC for keeping

fate with the Community

saying “we thank the management

and staff of BEDC

for how they have been

able to direct us in ensuring

Omozogie community

is connected to the national

grid. We also thank

the members of the community

for their selfless

donations and doggedness

in ensuring the yearning of

the people becomes a reality.

We now have light in



L-R: CEO, Jumia Nigeria, Mrs. Juliet Anammah; Chairman, Senate Committee on

Works and a former governor of Kano State, Kabir Gaya; Nigerian Agent Manager,

Xiaomi, Kevin Zeng; and Head, Regional Marketing, Xiaomi Global, Steven Wang,

during the official launch of Xiaomi Redmi Note 7 Phone in Lagos.

L-R: Mr. Seun Oloketuyi , Founder, Best of Nollywood Awards; Mr Tunde Fatuntele,

CEO, Kobz Media; Ajuka Peniel, General Manager, Media Panache Nigeria; Mr.

Michael Makinde, Managing Director, Passion Broadcasting Television Services

Limited; Mrs Toun Okewale-Sonaiya, CEO, WomenFM 91.7, and Mr. Tolu

Olorunmoteni, Sports Analyst, during a press conference by Passion TV Provision of

Entertainment Programmers in the UK, US and Nigeria held in Lagos on Friday.



Of INEC’S IT Server

•Facts •Fiction •Myth

By Jide Ajani

If there is anything, or a

combination of things, that is

fanning the embers of doubt

about the credibility of the 2019

general elections, it is to be located

in the response of the All

Progressives Congress, APC, to the

petition of the presidential

candidate of the Peoples

Democratic Party, PDP, Alhaji Atiku


Perhaps, whether owing to a lack

of understanding of the letters and

the spirit of the 1999 Constitution,

as amended, or a lack of

understanding of the powers of the

Independent National Electoral

Commission, INEC, “to make its

own rules or otherwise regulate its

own procedure (which) shall not be

subject to the approval or control of

the president,” or a cognitively

distant syndrome that appears to be

very pervasive now, or deliberate

mischief, or a combination of all of

the above, the recent brouhaha

about the authenticity,

appropriateness or otherwise of

some social media content, wherein

officials of INEC were explaining

the intendment of its decision to use

ICT to ensure the fidelity of the 2019

general elections, signpost the very

reason why Nigeria remains both

undeveloped and underdeveloped

(depending on which you choose to


A recent voter education video

recorded before the 2019 general

elections, which has been trending

on the social media, explaining the

use of e-collating officers, has

created doubts about the status of

the Commission’s IT Server used

during the elections. This does not,

in any way, validate or debunk the

claims made as part of Atiku’s

petition before the Presidential

Election Tribunal. What the videos

merely do is to create a

recapitulation of what was said

before the elections as a basis to

either defend INEC or crucify it as

an Election Management Body.

In one of the videos, INEC

Chairman, Professor Mahmood

Yakubu, said INEC “…will deploy

a new platform for electronic

collation and transmission of


In another video, INEC’s Resident

Electoral Commissioners, RECs, for

Akwa Ibom and Ekiti States, Mike

Igini and Agbaje, gave hints of an

existence of a server, explaining the

potency of same to guarantee free,

fair and credible elections. In fact,

in another video, the INEC

Chairman gave details of how and

why the platform may not be fully

used, citing problems of ICT nonconvergence.

Unfortunately, responses from

APC, particularly Festus Keyamo,

its presidential election committee

spokesman, are only providing

more fuel for those opposed

to the election of

P r e s i d e n t


Buhari. This, too,

does not mean

Keyamo is

wrong on his

score that

only the



and not social media videos, would

determine the success or failure of

Atiku’s petition.

Inquiries made within INEC, to

unearth why the Commission was

denying the status of its IT Server

and the election results compiled by

it, revealed some distinction

between the purport of the videos

and the actual claims made by the

PDP regarding results purportedly

obtained from the server. According

to sources in INEC, they have never

retreated from the fact that the

Commission made plans and

procured facilities for electronic


In fact, information available to

Sunday Vanguard suggests that

this has been ongoing since 2011

and the Commission had put

everything in place prior to the

elections to kick-start the use of

electronic transmission of election


However, all the procurements

made and the hardware that were

used had been done with the hope

that the enabling law will be signed

in the form of the new Amended

2019 Electoral Act, but when assent

for the Act was not obtained, the

Commission had to downgrade the

full implementation of the electronic

transmission back to pilot status.

What this then meant was that it

resulted in asymmetrical use of the

electronic transmission in some

areas more than others, hence the

Commission realized that any data

emanating therefrom could not be

wholly relied on, which was why it

relied more on the hard data

compiled directly in the old format

for compiling the final results of the

2019 general elections.

Taking this explanation by sources

within the Commission, it can be

evinced that the INEC is not

denying the existence of data from

its IT server but is only trying to

clarify that the data that the PDP

may be referring to, in their

reference and supporting with the

trending videos, refers to the ongoing

pilot the Commission hopes

to use fully in future elections when

the enabling law is assented to.

However, there is the decision of

the Supreme Court regarding some

governorship elections of 2015, that

the Card Reader is alien to the 1999

Constitution, as amended, because

electronic identification process was

not included. By the same token, the

refusal to give assent to the amended

Electoral Act, wherein details of the

processes of electronic transmission

of result had been captured, poured

cold water on all the efforts to have

it used in the 2019 elections.

Unfortunately, the emphasis on

politics continues to trump the

need for a solid jurisprudence

that would enthrone a culture

of civility in a growing

democracy like Nigeria’s.

Section 52(2) of the

Electoral Act, that was

signed into law some few

days before the 2015

general elections, an

amendment which, in

more ways than one, paved

the way for an APC victory,

but which is now being

junked by the selfsame

APC, specifically,


a t

•Mahmood Yakubu,


an election under this Act shall be in

accordance with the procedure

determined by the Independent

National Electoral Commission.”

What this provision does is to remove

the prohibitive clause(s) earlier

placed on the path of INEC in

ensuring that its electoral guidelines

are given effectuation, specifically,

in the area of ICT.

Now, the question to ask is, did

those Supreme Court justices who

gave judgment regarding some

elections held in 2015 not know

about this clause?

Contrary to the hoopla generated

when President Muhammadu

Buhari did not sign the amended

Electoral Act into law, the absence

of a new Electoral Act couldn’t have

been basis for Nigerians not to have

free, fair and credible elections in


Section 153 of the 1999

Constitution, as amended,

guarantees INEC the latitude to do

as it wishes in the area of regulating

its activities.

Under paragraph 15 of the Third

Schedule, the power to “organise,

undertake and supervise” conduct

of elections into certain offices is

listed in the Constitution.

Section 160 of the same 1999

Constitution goes ahead to state

categorically that “… any of the

bodies may with the approval of the

president, by rules or otherwise

regulate its own procedure or confer

powers and impose duties on any

officer or authority for the purpose

of discharging its function; provided

that in the case of the Independent

National Electoral Commission, its

powers to make its own rules or

otherwise regulate its own

procedure shall not be subject to the

approval or control of the


Those who granted INEC this

unfettered powers to determine how

best to regulate its affairs regarding

elections appeared to have done so

with a view to ensuring that the

Commission is able to conduct

elections that would be free, fair,

credible and devoid of


The truth that needs to be told

now, according to sources from

INEC Chairman’s office, is that

when the negativity, occasioned by

President Buhari’s refusal to sign the

Electoral Act, cast a pall on the

entire process, the Commission

needed to explain that its processes

were still unique and secure

enough to guarantee free, fair

and credible 2019 polls.

The question that

INEC is tongue-tied to

fully explain to

Nigerians now is:

Why did the

Commission go

to town to

promise electronic transfer of

results, particularly when its election

manual captured the training of e-

collation officers - mind you, at the

ward collation centres, INEC had

two officers, one for manual

recording and the other for

electronic transmission of result?

Only INEC can answer truthfully

what happened.

On President Buhari’s part,

nothing would hurt his reputation

and electoral victory if he engages

a Blue Ocean Strategy to admit

- as did late President Muar

Musa Yar’Adua - that an election

result process that was televised

live, where figures didn’t add up

in some instances, is not the best

for Nigeria. He can also swing

into action by signing the

amended Electoral Act.

Furthermore, he can prevail on

some loquacious party members,

who continue to pour cold water

on his manifest humility, to stop

fanning the embers of division

and hate, but help the process of

healing the nation by avoiding

comments that only continue to

divide, rather than unite



L-R: Brand Manager, Goldberg, Olufunmilayo Ogunbodede, Senior Brand, Goldberg and

Life, Maria Shadeko, Goldberg Brand Ambassador, Olamide Adedeji and Portfolio Manager,

Mainstream Brands, Nigerian Breweries, Omotunde Adenusi at the Official Announcement

of Olamide as Brand Ambassador for Goldberg.

L-R: Emmanuel Daniel, Chairman, Asian Banker; Dolapo Orelaja, Head, Consumer

Propositions, Access Bank Plc; and Ashan Abeyratne, Senior Manager, Business

Development – Africa , Asian Banker at the Prestigious Asian Banker

“Excellence in Retail Financial Services”, Awards held in Lagos.

No delaying minimum wage, go ahead and pay,

FG tells MDAs, states, others

By Soni Daniel,

Editor, Northern


With the assent of

President Mu

hammadu Buhari

to the new minimum wage

of N30,000, there is no other

hurdle barring or delaying

state governments, ministries,

departments and agencies

(MDAs) from implementing

the new pay structure,

the Federal Government

clarified last night.

The Attorney General of

the Federation and Minister

of Justice, Abubakar Malami,

who made the clarification

told Sunday Vanguard

that there was no other requirement

on the part of the

government for the commencement

of the payment

of the new wage.

The minister’s explanation

came amid a report that

his office was yet to release a

certain instrument authorizing

payment, the absence of

which would unduly delay

the takeoff date of the new


Malami told our correspondent

that the signing

into law by Mr. President

completed the process of

implementing the new

wage, which takes effect from

this month (April).

According to the minister,

the minimum wage law

does not authorize the office

of the AGF to do anything

more for payment to commence

once the President has

given his assent to the bill.

He said: “The incidence,

operation and application

of a law is automatic unless

otherwise stated by its commencement

provision. The

new minimum wage law is

automatic and envisages no

further action on the part of

the Hon. Attorney General

of the Federation, not having

been so mandated by the

enabling law.

“Bureaucratic processes are

not rooted in the action or inaction

of the Attorney General,

legal obligation having

arisen by the commencement

of the law upon assent by the



Lagos tops list with 25,000 candidates as Zamfara fields 59

*Sanitation exercise delays commencement

By Dayo Adesulu

and Joseph Erunke

National Examination

Council, NECO, and

parents of candidates,

yesterday, commended

the conduct of the entrance

examination into the 104 Unity

Colleges across the 36 states

in the country.

At the examination centre

monitored by Sunday Vanguard,

parents and NECO

officials, who spoke with Sunday

Vanguard, lauded the

conduct, adding that the examination

was orderly and

peaceful. According to them,

no stranger or parent was allowed

to get close to the centre,

as parents were asked to

keep a distance from candidates

at the examination hall.

The students were tested in

Mathematics, Basic Science,

English Language, Social

Studies, Quantitative and Verbal


The NECO official in

charge of Oriwu Senior Model

College Centre, Ikorodu,

Lagos, Mrs Ijeoma Elekwe,

said: “Unlike last year, the examination

started 5 minutes

past 12 noon because of the

clean-up exercise in many

parts of the country”.

Parents and candidates, she

noted, who came as early as

7am, felt they were unduly

delayed for the commencement

of the examination, as

Lagos and some other states

in the South-west and Southeast

were not observing the

environmental sanitation like

other states. She explained

The Nigerians Citizens

Association in South

Africa (NICASA) says

another Nigerian, Mr Tony

Elochukwu, from Nnobi Anambra

State, has been killed

by an unidentified gunman in

South Africa.

The President of NICASA,

Prince Ben Okoli, said this in

a letter sent to the Consular

General, Nigerian Consulate

in Johanesburg.

Three Nigerians had been

killed between April 6 and

April 9 at different locations

in the country.

In the letter, obtained by

“Ministries, Departments

and agencies of government

are automatically expected to

execute their own side of statutory

obligations in giving effect

to the law that has taken

effect and remains applicable,

valid and subsisting.

“This is a law the application

of which commences

upon assent by the President”.

The report, yesterday, had

said that the National Salaries,

Incomes and Wages

Commission had blamed the

delay on paying the new

wage on non-release of a copy

of the Act to enable it prepare

that for the examination to

start the same time, the authorities

shifted it to 12 noon.

Elekwe said that the only

complaint from parents was

those whose children’s passport

photographs were missing

on the registration form.

Meanwhile, Lagos maintained

its lead as state with

the highest number of registered

candidates for the examination.

News Agency of Nigeria

(NAN) in Abuja, yesterday,

Okoli decried the death and

continued killings of Nigerians

in South Africa.

“We received yet again the

sad news of the death of another

Nigerian in Witbank

Mpumalanga province”, he


“Mr Tony Elochukwu from

Nnobi Anambra State was

shot twice in the head by an

unidentified Nigerian gunman

on April 24 at around


Okoli said that a lone Nigerian

man walked to some

Zamfara State,which had

the least registered candidates

for the examination in

2018,was equally seen trailing

behind all the states of the

federation including the Federal

Capital Territory,FCT,

Abuja. 75,635 candidates

wrote the examination across

the country.

The registration data, obtained

from the Federal Ministry

of Education, showed


Lagos had over 25, 000

the memo for state governments

to commence payment.

The Chief Press Secretary

of the agency, Mr Emma

Njoku, was also quoted as

saying that they were still expecting

a signed copy of the

Act assented to by Mr. President.

But, the Senior Special Assistant

to the President on

Media and Publicity, Mr.

Garba Shehu, was quoted as

saying that there was no issue

to be sorted out again

once the President had directed

that the new pay should

start in April.

registered applications while

Zamfara fielded 59 applicants.

Speaking to newsmen after

monitoring the exercise in

some centres in the FCT,the

Permanent Secretary, Federal

Ministry of Education,

Sonny Echono,who represented

the Minister of

Education,Mallam Adamu

Adamu, said the Federal

Government had begun the

renovation and rehabilitation

of the 104 Unity Colleges.

Another Nigerian shot dead in South Africa

Heavy security as APC narrowly wins House of Reps re-run election in

Ajeromi Ifelodun

By Olasunkanmi

Akoni & Monsuru


mid heavy deployment

Aof military and other

security personnel, the All

Progressives Congress, APC,

candidate for Ajeromi/

Ifelodun Federal

Constituency, House of

Representatives, Kolawole

Taiwo, has been declared the

winner of the rerun election

held, yesterday.

Taiwo defeated the

incumbent and close rival,

Rita Orji, of the Peoples

Democratic Party, PDP, with a

narrow margin.

The supplementary election

was conducted in 71 polling

units across eight wards in the

constituency following the

inconclusive February 23

House of Representatives


Declaring Taiwo as winner of

the rerun, the Returning Officer,

Prof. Mathew Ilori, from

University of Lagos, said he

scored 36,115 votes as against

Orji who scored 32,557 votes.

Earlier, there was mild

drama when some voters in the

area attacked journalists in

some polling units shouting,

“We don’t want media in this


Some correspondents were

nearly beaten up at Polling

Unit 002, Turner Street in Ward

10, Mosafejo area of the


“Don’t take our picture, we

don’t want media. We will

destroy your phone. We will

punch out your eye,” one of the

voters shouted at reporters.

Police officers on election

duty at the unit, who could not

guarantee safety of the

reporters, had to tell them to


Stakeholders to discuss petroleum sector reforms


takeholders in oil and

gas will tomorrow in Lagos

brainstorm on the way forward

for the sector in terms of

reforms and securing greater

benefits for Nigeria and her


The event, organized by the

Nigeria Natural Resource

Charter (NNRC), a not-forprofit,

policy institute that promotes

reforms in Nigeria’s

petroleum sector; and Order-

Paper Advocacy Initiative

(OAI), will take place at the

Eko Hotel, Victoria Island


The programme is an offshoot

of the Development Dialogue

Series (DDS) of OrderPaper

Advocacy, a nongovernmental


focused on policy-related, especially

legislative engagements

that expand the frontiers

of good governance and

deepening of democratic

practice in Nigeria.

It is being organized

against the backdrop of the

ding-dong affair between the

National Assembly and President

Muhammadu Buhari

on the Petroleum Industry

and Governance Bill (PIGB)

which was recently passed

again by the former after an

initial rejection by the latter.

In a statement signed by

Tengi George-Ikoli, Program

Coordinator, NNRC and Oke

Epia, Executive Director of

OAI, the dialogue seeks to

consider the economic, financial

and social implications

of not embracing reforms in

the petroleum sector.

Nigerians at a restaurant and

inquired from them where to

get some weed to smoke

He said those standing,

however, told him that they

did not know where since they

do not smoke.

Okoli said the man then

pulled out his gun and shot

Elochukwu on the head and

sped off in a car parked down

the street.

He added that a case of

murder had been opened at

the police station by NICASA

Chairman in Mpumalanga,

Mr Obeji Chukwuma.

“This look like another

case of Nigeria killing themselves.

This ugly trend of Nigerians

killed by fellow Nigerians

is on the increase and

is disturbing to our community”,

the President said.

“NICASA is deeply worried

over the death and continued

killings of our citizens in

South Africa.

“People are worried and

scared, since none of the perpetrators

had been arrested

or charged over it”.

He appealed to the consulate

to pressure the South African

police to pursue the case

of death of any Nigerian with


“The South African police

must stop attempting to encourage

this killings by lack

of investigation and prosecution

with aim of bringing to

justice every criminal involved

in these heinous

crimes,” he said.

The Consul General, Nigerian

Consulate Johannesburg,

Mr Godwin Adama,

had condemned the killing of

Nigerians at different locations

in the country.

“It is clear that as much as

any form of criminality and

xenophobic attacks against

foreigners, including Nigerians

in South Africa is condemnable,

the killings do not

fit into xenophobic attacks”,

Adama said.


Anti-graft group calls for probe of controversial

employment at NSIA

Anti-graft civil soci

ety organization,

Coalition Against

Corruption and Bag Governance,


called on President Muhammadu

Buhari to order

the immediate probe of the

alleged appointment of Ms

Aisha Abba Kyari, the

daughter of his Chief of

Staff, Mallam Abba Kyari,

as an Assistant Vice President

at the Nigerian Sovereign

Investment Authority


A statement by the group’s

Chairman, Alhaji Toyin Raheem,

expressed worry that

Ms Abba Kyari’s appointment

is considered controversial

because it “violates

set procedure at the NSIA,

which is the legally constituted

agency that manages

Nigeria’s excess crude oil


“According to media reports,

the position was not

publicly advertised, contrary

to what is expected of

such position” , the NGO

stated, stressing that such

practice at the highest level

of government runs contrary

to the avowed posture

of the Buhari administration.

The statement went on:

“Equally disturbing is the

revelation that the new employee

is starting up with

an annual package of N32

million. We have chosen to

call for a thorough investigation

of this case because

a similar thing happened

in Pension Commission

recently and, at the

end of the probe, those involved

were relieved of

their jobs.

“Five days after the Abba

Kyari employment scandal

leaked in the media,

neither the Presidency nor

the management of NSIA

has deemed it fit to deny

any of the following

claims: That: members of

staff at the NSIA are infuriated

by the appointment;

that a few of the high-level

personnel privy to the recruitment

initially refused

to interview Ms. Abba-


“We are by this statement

giving the Presidency

notice that we shall

commence series of lawful

civil actions in a matter of

days to compel the Buhari

administration to order a

comprehensive investigation

of this employment issue.”

Emir Sanusi at SUN matriculation: Kano will soon

have quality doctors, engineers, others

Zamfara, Katsina, Kaduna attacks: We won’t spare

anyone found wanting irrespective of status — Buhari

By Bashir Bello

President Muham

madu Buhari has

vowed that the

Federal Government will

not spare anyone found

wanting in the wanton destruction

of lives and

property in Zamfara,

Katsina and Kaduna


Buhari, who condemned

banditry in the

three states in strong

terms, gave a marching

order to security chiefs

to, within the shortest

time possible, route out

bandits tertorising parts

of Zamfara, Katsina and

Kaduna states.

The President spoke

through Governor Aminu

Bello Masari of Katsina

State, who, accompanied

by security heads in the

state, visited Yar Santa

•The SUN Registrar, Mr Satya Vir Sighn, administered matriculation oaths on students


and Tsamiyar Jino villages

in Kankara Local Government

to condole with

the people over recent

terrorist attacks on the

communities resulting in

the loss of lives and property

running into millions

of naira.

According to a statement

by his Senior Special

Assistant on Media,

Abdu Labaran Malumfashi,

Masari said the situation

was unacceptable,

assuring that the government

was prepared to

deal with it.

“We will not hesitate to

deal appropriately with

anyone found to be connected,

or in anyway involved,

in the banditry”,

the statement quoted the

governor as telling his


“Peace and nomalcy

must return to the the

area, as securing lives

and property is the essence

of government, and

failure to do that is tantamount

to shirking the

responsibility of the oath

of office.

“Be rest assured that

government will not

abandon you in your hour

of need, because we will

take the fight to the bandits

where ever they may


The President, however,

noted that security was

the business of everybody,

more so that there was no

sufficient security personnel

to be posted to every

part of the country in adequate


“Security and the maintenance

of law and order

are beyond the capacity

of the men and officers of

the security agencies.

Therefore, there is the

need for everyone, especially

leaders in the society,

to contribute towards

ensuring the safety and

security of their respective

environment” , Buhari


By Abdulmumin

Murtala, Kano

Skyline University Nige

ria, SUN, the first private

university in

Kano,yesterday, matriculated

82 pioneer students.

The students were admitted

into various bachelors’

degree programmes in the

School of Arts Management

& Social Sciences,

SAMSS, as well as the

School of Sciences & Information

Technology, SSIT,

based on the requirements

of the National Universities

Commission, NUC.

The Vice-Chancellor,

Prof Sudhakar Kota, in his

address during the maiden

matriculation ceremony,

held at the university premises,

challenged the students

to take advantage of

the opportunity to become


“The 2018/2019 academic

year is indeed a good start

for Skyline University Nigeria”,

Kota said.

He urged the students

to make the best out of the

university, saying, “SUN

has given assurance to

provide you with quality

inputs, technological integration,

learning resources

and use internationally

accepted pedagogies

that will enhance

your knowledge, skills

and competencies with


The Vice Chancellor disclosed

that the university

will provide programmes

on legal studies, engineering

and basic medical

courses that are in dire

need in Nigeria and

across the world.

Kota told the students

that it will not be an easy

ride, but stressed the university’s

commitment to

ensuring that they are

comfortable and attain

their dreams at the end

of it all. He affirmed the

university’s commitment

to the protection of the

environment and

charged the students to

contribute to transforming

SUN to green and sustainable


In his remarks, the special

guest of honour, the

Emir of Kano, Muhammadu

Sanusi II, encouraged

Kano residents to

apply to the university in

view of its global standards.

He expressed optimism

that Kano would soon get

more quality doctors and

engineers after graduating

from the institution.

Insecurity: Ortom calls for fasting and


By Peter Duru, Makurdi

Benue State gover

nor, Mr. Samuel

Ortom, has appealed to

the people of the state to

fast and pray against

what he described as

evil forces behind bloodshed

and destruction of

property in the land.

He also urged the people

to participate in a

one-week prayer and

fasting programme organized

by the Christian

Association of Nigeria,

CAN, in conjunction

with the state government

starting next tomorrow.

The governor, who

spoke, yesterday, at the

NKST Church, Iortyer,

in Makurdi during the

wedding of Mimi Terhemba

and Tavershima

Amase, stressed that

God had, severally in the

past, answered the

prayers of the people of

the state during challenging


“We must therefore collectively

approach the

throne of grace by going

into sincere prayers coupled

with repentance

and sustained fasting

particularly against the

rising wave of crime because

such problems

emanate from the spiritual

realm,” Ortom said.

While commending

the church for playing a

pivotal role in his reelection

during the last

general elections, he

pledged to provide quality

leadership that would

uplift the fortunes of the


SUNDAY, Vanguard, APRIL 28, 2019, PAGE 7

The couple: Temitope Ademiju and his

wife, Omoyeni Oluwapelumi

Pomp as NPAN Secretar


daughter weds

IT was pomp and pageantry when Omoyeni

Oluwapelumi, daughter of Elder Feyi Smith, the Executive

Secretary of the Newspaper Proprietors Association of Nigeria

(NPAN), wedded her heartthrob, Temitope Ademiju, son of Pastor

Olukayode Adeyanju penultimate Saturday, in Lagos. The couple

took their oaths at The Redeemed Christian Church of God,

Fountain of Life Sanctuary, Ikeja Industrial Estate, Ikeja, Lagos.

Photos: Bunmi Azeez

Vanguard’s reporter



Emmanuel, weds

VANGUARD’S business reporter, Providence

Emmanuel, has signed off her maiden name

to become Mrs. Adeyinka after being joined

in Holy Matrimony with her heartthrob,

Idowu Amos Adeyinka.

The wedlock, which was witnessed by the

families, friends and colleagues of the couple,

took place at The Apostolic Church Nigeria,

Morogbo Area Headquarters, Agbara, Lagos

State on Saturday, April 6, 2019. Photos by

Lamidi Bamidele

L-R: Funmi Ogundeji, Blessing Ajetunmobi and

Maryjane Ogezi.

Elder Feyi Smith, bride's father; Mr. Ugo

Onuoha, former Editor, Champion Newspapers

and Mr. Oladiran Smith.

Mr. Olaleye Adeyinka, representing the father

of the groom; Deaconess Theresa

Emmanuel, bride's mother; Mr and Mrs

Idowu Amos Adeyinka, (the couple); Mrs

Alice Adeyinka, groom's mother and Overseer

Emmanuel Orisi Emmanuel, bride's father

L-R: Pastor Libert Nasamu, his wife

Pastor[Mrs] Bisola and Mrs. Wumi Adedo.

L-R: Mrs. Nihinlolamiwa Smith, Mr. Oladiran Smith

and Pastor Oluwaseyi Smith.

Kelly Ejimofo and Jesse Dati wed

The wedding ceremony between Miss Kelly Ejimofo, and Mr Jesse Dati was held at ECWA Church, Jos

L-R: Pastor Jeremiah Olusegun Akinwusi,

Superintendent, The Apostolic Church

Nigeria, Morogbo Area; Mr Olaleye

Adeyinka, representing groom's father; Mr

Oji Joshua and Overseer Emmanuel Orisi

Emmanuel, bride's father .

Mr and Mrs Jesse Dajen Dati , receiving thier wedding

certificate from the President of ECWA , Rev Stephen

Panya Baba

WMD: Nigeria accounts for 32 per cent of global

malaria deaths — LAPO

By Esther Onyegbula

Non-Governmental Or

A ganisation, the Lift

Above Poverty Organisation

(LAPO), says Nigeria accounts

for 32 per cent of the global

estimate of 655,000 malaria

deaths annually with 97 per

cent of the population at risk

of the disease.

The Chief Executive Officer,

LAPO NGO, Ms Sabina Idowu-Osehobo,

made the disclosure

while speaking at the

2019 World Malaria Day

(WMD)programme organised

by the organisation at Akinola/Ifesewapo


Agbado Oke-Odo LCDA in


Idowu-Osehobo, represented

by Mrs Sandra Asowata,

Regional Officer, LAPO Lagos

2 Region, noted that LAPO

was pleased to be a key stakeholder

promoting efforts towards

a zero-Malaria prevalence

in Nigeria.

She said: “Malaria disease

has significant impact on national

economic development

and household income.

“Malaria constitutes a huge

epidemiologic burden in Africa

and continues to cripple

the economic development in

the region.

“Malaria remains an important

cause of morbidity

and mortality in Nigeria with

all year transmission and 97

per cent of the population at


“Nigeria also accounts for

32 per cent of the global estimate

of 655,000 malaria

deaths annually. Malaria victims

are mostly pregnant

women with their unborn babies

and children below the

age of five years.”

Dr. Emmanuel Akabe, Deputy Governor-elect of Nassarawa State,

Mrs. Tosan Akabe, with the couple, Miss Kelly Ejimofo and Mr.

Jesse Dati, son of Plateau State Commissioner of Information, Hon

Yakubu Dati.

*Dignitaries during the World Malaria Day programme organised

by LAPO.

According to her, Malaria

is responsible for 60 per cent

of outpatient visits to health

facilities, 30 per cent of

childhood death, 25 per cent

of death in children under one

year and 11 per cent of

maternal death in Nigeria.

Idowu-Osehobo noted that

Malaria was a major cause

of increasing household poverty

and slow phase of national development

as over N132 billion was expended

annually on treatment costs,

prevention and loss of man-hours.

On his part, the Baale of Ifesowapo/

Akinola Kingdom, Chief Amos Akinola,

Otatu 1, thanked LAPO for extending

the anti-malaria sensitisation

to the community and also for distributing

free insecticidal treated nets

to his people.

L-R: Mr Babajide Komolafe, Deputy Business

Editor; Mr Tony Ubani, Group Sports

Editor, Vanguard Newspapers; a guest, and

Mr. Bonny Asieba.

L-R: Pastor Olayooye Samson, General

Overseer, Tabernacle of Safety Church,

Goshen Camp, Igbesa; his wife, Favour;

Overseer Emmanuel Orisi Emmanuel, bride's

father and Mr. Hassan Balogun, Admin Manager,

Vanguard Newspapers.

PAGE 8 — SUNDAY Vanguard, APRIL 28, 2019


Are men who deny paternity cowards?

When Bukky’s husband died

suddenly of a heart attack

tude was touching, refusing the

in his early 60s, she was inconsolable.

They’d been inseparable over

out of the door. “That was my

offered refreshments, he bolted

the decades and the obituary she

half-brother” Wemi, my relative

put in the papers would draw tears

told me, “But my mum knows

from a sadist’s eyes. She cut a pitiable

figure as her husband laid in

the last person to tell her’.

nothing about him, and I will be

state in the beautiful expensive

Apparently, Wemi’s mum is the

casket she had insisted he bought.

type who has a tight control over

As sympathisers filed past the

her husband. He’d promised her

corpse, a little boy of about ten

when they got married that he

stood rooted to the spot, gazing

would never take a second wife.

with the morbid fascination children

have for the dead. The

have children by other women?

But did that mean he would never

widow was now curious. “Whose

Wemi was just 15 when her halfbrother

was born. “My dad never

child is that?”

She wanted to know thinking

acknowledge him publicly for

he might be a relative’s child.

fear mum would leave him”, she

Nobody offered an answer in

said. “As a matter of fact, I was

spite of the fact that she could be

the lad who came to introduce

heard loud and clear. That really

himself to me when he got admission

into a polytechnic and

made her suspicious. She then

asked one of her daughters to

his mother couldn’t afford the

find out who the little boy was.

fees. He was a spitting image of

The daughter shrugged and told

my dad too and I promised to see

her mother they would discuss

him through his higher education.

Since then, he’d always been

the matter later. That she knew

who the boy was.

there for me whenever I want

time for heaven’s sake. Everyone tell me of the existence of a wife

She quickly forgot her grief

anything done – unlike my full

has their skeletons rattling in the with whom he had a child who

and comported herself. Were


cupboard and I would have preferred

my late husband to tell me children”. Wouldn’t it have saved

was as precious to him as my

people laughing at her show of

“When I asked dad about him,

deep bereavement, knowing of he

he looked a bit frightened. He

about the existence of a child a lot of people unnecessary

little boy’s presence and probably

her mother’s? Or do they

but when I told him that I’d al-

pleaded I shouldn’t tell my mum

rather than find out in this cruel heartaches if Bukky’s husband

way. I mean you can imagine how had come clean about his other

feel sorry for her? Talk about the

ready agreed to see the poor lads

desperate he boy’s mother would child before he died? And poor

wife being the last to know! But

through school, he was so pathetically

grateful that I felt sorry

have been to pay his last respect Bukky’s daughter was so afraid

did that make her departed husband

any less the wonderful hus-

for him. Why was he hiding the

to his father.

to tell her mum about her halfbrother

for fear of what? Some

“She’d carefully dressed him up

band and father she remembered

child? What about the poor boy’s

in his best suit and the boy had years back, I was with a relation

him to be?

mother? I later learnt she hadn’t

obviously been schooled not to when she had this male visitor

“That’s hardly the point, is it?

married well and her three other

utter a word. He just stared. I who looked a bit apologetic

She said heatedly a few days after

the funeral. “He succeeded in

my half-brother. A little financial

children weren’t better off than

will never forget that scene as long when he was ushered in. He’d

as I live. It is sad that we were obviously discussed money matters

with her as she presented him

deceiving me over he years.

help from dad from time to time

married for so long without my

Things like this happen all of the

would have made a lot of difference.

The thing is dad had

husband trusting me enough to with a fat envelope. His grati-


in trouble with the law once and

it was mum’s family that bailed

him out. But that doesn’t mean

he has to be grateful to her for

the rest of his life.”

Wemi’s dad finally kicked the

bucket early this year and the

truth was out when the obituary

came out with the man’s name

as the third child. He’s done well

at school and has a very good

businesses selling cell phones

and SIM cards to various outlets

all over the place.” Mum

pretended to be shocked at first”,

Wemi said. “But I had this feeling

she knew all along about this

man (you can hardly call him a

boy now!)

He formally met mum before

the funeral but came the day of

the funeral reception, his table

was impressive. It was with pride

that I poached choice wine and

food from his wife who showed

me more respect than my siblings

and their partners! I was

proud of the difference I made

in his life.

“I wish dad were alive to see

how well turned out his secret

son had been. He knew he was

doing well, but he would never

guess it was well enough to almost

outshine his other `legitimate’

children. Nobody gives a

damn these days how you have

your child or with whom as long

as that child is not delinquent!”

Thankfully, as far as the law

goes now, there’s no ‘illegitimate’

child as long as such child is acknowledged

by its dad. This will

surely bring some sanity to inheritance

law and the right of the

‘other’ child.

Sex, Marriage And Relationship

– A Practical Guide

oday I am yielding this

Tcolumn for an excerpt from

the book, Sex, Relationship &

Marriage: What Your Mother

Didn’t Tell You. This unputdownable

book is authored by Ade

Ebimomi, the CEO of FDIB Limited.

Ade, a friend of over three decades,

is a very brilliant and successful

investment broker and

Consulting Economist with specialities

in Development Economics

and Foreign Direct Investment.

A straight-talking individual

and a compulsive writer,

Ade does not limit himself in any

way. I have read a lot of his writings

- from politics to economics

and I am always amazed at the

clarity of his thoughts and ideas.

Below is a cut from Chapter 13

of the book, titled – Do Not Be In

A Hurry, Guys. Ade asks a few

questions on why society puts too

much pressure on newly wedded

couples to have children. Enjoy

the excerpt -

One of the felicitations friends

and family kept sending my way

after my daughter's wedding was,

"Congrats! You will soon become

a grandpa".

While this message is obviously

a beautiful and well-intentioned

one, I've had to ask a few of these

friends why they think I would

actually want to be a grandfather

right after my daughter's marriage.

Kids are great - and coming

from me, that's really an understatement

- and their arrival is

seen as completing the family, as

well as it is incontrovertible evidence

that the newly-married couple

is fertile.

But kids that come even before

the ink dries on the marriage certificate?

I have my strong reservations

about that.

And I had a long discussion with

my daughter and her husband

about this a few days after their


What is wrong in a newly-married

couple - especially one where

both spouses are still relatively

young - spending the next one or

two years just enjoying themselves


No kids for that one or two years,

that is.

What is wrong in spending the

next one or two years solidifying

their love and friendship, building

bonds and creating memories

that would last a lifetime?

What is wrong if they spend the

next one or two years going to

work, coming back and generally

being each other's companion, to

the exclusion of all others?

Why should a young, newly

married couple rush into becoming


Yes, that's what the society wants

and that's what the society expects,

but who cares?

Has the 'society' ever bothered

to pause and look at the drawbacks

of early parenthood for a

newly married couple?

Child-bearing and child-nurturing

are two of the hardest endeavours

in life, and most stressful.

They bring so much demand on

the couple's time, finances and

physical wellbeing that often times,

extreme and debilitating stress

(and sometimes, illness) becomes


Apart from the ever-present danger

of post-partum depression on

the young mother's side, and the

obligatory demands on the finances

of the young father, childbirth

and child-nurturing leave

a young couple feeling like the

other party is responsible for the

state they are in and are not doing

enough to help the other out.

Friction, resentment and subconscious

regrets usually follow.

A young woman who, barely 10

months ago, was in total control

of her time and her resources

wake up and go to bed whenever

she wants, pursues her business

or professional hustles without

let or hindrance, to now have

to wake up at odd hours, hardly

even sleeping herself, and rather

than the constant snuggles of the

strong, warm body of her husband,

cradles an infant, an adorable

infant nonetheless, one who

tugs at the strings of her heart as

she tugs at her sore nipples.

A young man who, barely 10

months prior, enjoyed the weekend

watching the English Premier

League, his beautiful babe

on his lap, a bottle of beer in his

left hand and the TV remote in

his right.

Today, as his young wife spends

practically every waking hour

tending a baby whose three pre-

occupations in life for that

period are sleeping at odd

hours, crying and getting

fed, the young man feels

left out and side-tracked.

Of course, his attempt at

fatherly role at that early

period is most often rebuffed

by the mother-inlaw

who has come for


Naturally, a mother's caring

instinct is to her offspring

first (ever seen a

brooding hen fight off a

threatening hawk?) before

her husband. That is the

way Mother Nature got it


Men are, therefore, left

to hold the extremely

short end of a stick that

came in already short to

start with. They are wont

to feel estranged and

abandoned - even when

they barely notice or willing

to admit it.

Subconsciously, they would

start wishing for the good old

days when it was just him and

his babe, getting all the attention

and rolling in the hay whenever

the body needed it.

Sadly, some of these new husbands,

in a selfish bid to connect

with their strafing bachelor days,

reopen lines of communication

with an ex-girlfriend or two, and

end up rekindling an affair with

her. And putting his new marriage

in danger.

Where the ex has been a onceloving

and ever-caring lady,

chances are that she may dig her

fangs so deep into the new husband

that extricating himself and

finding his way back to his babynursing

young wife becomes an

onerous task.

And this circle is hardly ever

interrupted or stopped before irreparable

damage occurs.

For, while the man (and the

wife) is still trying to get to grips

with not having his wife to himself

during the day, and barely

able to recognize his present

sleeping (or lack of it) arrangement,

the second child pops in.

And then the third.

And possibly the fourth.

Sadly, also, many men never

truly recover from this fall.

Many have been known to just

coast along with the wife at home,

keeping up appearances of a

perfect husband, while the heart

and mind are really with the girl

outside - one whose total, unfettered

and unshared attention he


And people tend to underestimate

the importance of regular,

uninterrupted sexual encounters

in a fresh marriage.

For a guy who has perhaps kept

himself celibate for years during

dating - either deliberately or

forced on him by the fiance - you

better know it now that that guy,

by the time his marriage rolls

around, already has a quiver full

of arrows, arrows that he has serious

plans to shoot the way of

his sexy and delectable wife, one

night after the other.

Then, because society expects

the wife to carry a protruding

stomach a few months into her

new marriage, Mister Lover Boy

would only have shot only one

or two of the arrows in his quiver,

and Aunty New One would start

spewing sputum and vomiting

all over the place.

I ask, what does the society

expect our strafing the young

man to do with the remaining

arrows - a young man literally

bursting at the seams with all the

stocked-up 2-year semen in his

scrotal sac?

C'mon, let's get real!

This guy wakes up in the middle

of the night to enjoy his Godgiven

and society-sanctioned

better half, and what does he see?

A poor woman exhausted from

carrying a protruding stomach

around all day, characteristically

deeply snoring!

Even a hard-pressed, sexstarved

man would just take pity

on her; cover her up while bottling

his sexual needs.

It gets worse when the baby finally


Get a copy of Sex, Relationship

& Marriage: What Your Mother

Didn’t Tell You, by Ade Ebimomi

to read this and many more practical

stories. Available on Amazon






•Ngige- Minister

of Labour and



Why Nigerian doctors are

rushing abroad – NMA, others

•’We have excess doctor

ors s if we add traditional healers’

•My stor

ory, , by y Ngige

By Chioma Obinna

For almost a decade, the

exodus of Nigerian doctors to

other countries has led to

acute shortages in the nation’s

various medical specialities.

Some years ago, a former President of the

Nigerian Medical Association (NMA), Dr

Osahon Enabulele, had said that about twothirds

of Nigerian doctors who leave the

country end up practising medicine in

foreign countries while some of them switch


According to him, of the 72, 000 doctors

registered with the Medical and Dental

Council of Nigeria (MDCN), only about

27,000 are practising in Nigeria while

others are practising outside the country.

Enabulele also revealed that up to 7,000

Nigerian doctors

combined work in British

and American public

health sectors, while some

have left the medical

profession on account of

better working conditions

in other professions. While

WHO recommends one

doctor to 600 patients, in

Nigeria, due to the acute

shortage, one doctor

attends to around 6,000


And with the nation’s

population put at 170

million some years back,

experts said the country

needs not less than

283,333 doctors to meet

global standards. Now,

Nigeria obviously needs

more than 283,333 as the

population has reportedly

escalated to almost 200

million with over 2,000

doctors migrating to the

United Kingdom, United

States, Canada, Australia,

United Arab Emirates

(UAE), and South Africa,

among others, every year. Also, figures

released in February 2018 by the British

government indicated that no fewer than

5,405 Nigerian-trained doctors and nurses

were working with the British National

Health Service (NHS). It showed that

Nigerian medics constituted 3.9 per cent of

the 137,000 foreign staff of 202

Even a blind

man knows

we don’t have



except he is

referring to



nationalities working alongside British

doctors and nurses in the United Kingdom

(UK). Nigeria’s poor doctor-patient ratio

(roughly 1:6000) is regrettable, according

to analysts, when compared to the ratio of

doctor-patient in India (1:2083) and in the

United States (1:500) apparently due to the

fact that fresh doctors no longer see a bright

future within the shores of Nigeria. Despite

this disturbing scenario that has worsened

the nation’s health indices and promoted

medical tourism, the Minister of Labour

and Employment, Dr. Emeka Ngige, last

week, was quoted as saying he was not

worried about the situation. “No, I’m not

concerned at all. I’m not worried. We have

surplus. If you have surplus, you export. It

happened at one time with Indian teachers

here. I was taught biology and chemistry

by Indian teachers in my secondary school

days. They’re surplus in their

country. We’re surplus in

the medical field here. I can

tell you, it’s my area. We have

excess. We have more than

enough”, Ngige allegedly

said on a television

programme. He was

reportedly responding to a

question on alleged braindrain

in the medical sector

against the backdrop of the

recent visit of a delegation

from Saudi Arabia to recruit

doctors to work in the

Middle-East country.

Sunday Vanguard spoke to

some leaders of the various

medical associations,

among others, on the

controversy the Labour

Minister’s statement, who

is also a medical doctor, is

generating. To them, the

statement was a reflection

of the fact that those who

make policies have no

solution to the problems in

the health sector. They

argued that Nigeria needs

about six times of what we

have on ground for minimal acceptability.

Ngige displayed ignorance –

National Secretary, NMA, Dr

Olumuyiwa Odusote

I see the statement of the Minister of

Labour as displaying ignorance of the

problems on the ground which is

government’s primary responsibility to

solve. It is not true and I am sure the rest

of us know that many doctors are leaving

in droves. We have less than 40,000 doctors

and many are leaving on monthly basis

which further drops the number and the

population of those leaving keeps

increasing. If you have one doctor to about

5,000 Nigerians, is what he said is surplus?

Then we have a big problem in our hands.

When the World Health Organisation,

WHO, is saying that the minimum we

should have is one doctor to 600 patients, I

don’t understand the basis for the minister’s

assertion and, definitely, it is not supported

with facts. His statement is on the contrary.

I think that the problem here is on the

utilization of skilled manpower. It is the

duty of government to assess the need and

distribute available resources appropriately

and, if the government cannot assess and

determine what we need, then we have a

major problem. If those who make policies

are saying we don’t have problems, it means

no one will find solution to the problems

because they don’t perceive that there are

problems. It also means that the health

system has a very long way to go if this

opinion is what is held in the Federal

Executive Council. The NMA has been

doing a lot in terms of brain-drain. Last

year, the theme of our conference focused

on brain-drain. And next week we are going

to hold our annual delegates meeting in

Abakaliki, Ebonyi State and brain-drain is

also going to be the main theme. We are

trying to bring it to the fore and find

solution. We have invited all the tiers of

government, from the President down to the

chief medical directors of teaching

hospitals and general hospitals, to attend

the meeting so that we can brainstorm and

everybody will appreciate the magnitude

of the problem. And then work out a

solution. We have been in the media

advocating, making noise and trying to

push for a solution. In 2017, the Vice

President responded that government was

going to do something to reverse braindrain.

It is pathetic that two years after, one

of the serving ministers is encouraging

doctors to go abroad because he knows one

or two doctors who went abroad, 25 years

ago, and came back to establish one or two

centres which are catering for 10 or at most

30 patients a month in a country of 200

million. That is like a drop in an ocean. It is

not going to impact any of the worst indices

that we have in the world. We are talking

about reversing the trend by ensuring that

Nigerians are able to live longer, and in

good health, and, for that to happen, we

have to look at it in totality. Not just what

happened in a few urban centres where only

the rich can afford the service. We are

talking about what is happening in the rural

areas where the people cannot access basic

care and survive long enough to change

their economy and the economy of the


It is unfortunate that a

minister is encouraging

brain-drain – Lagos NMA

Chairman, Dr Saliu Oseni

It’s an unfortunate situation that a

minister of the federation is encouraging

brain-drain. Currently, we have about

35,000 doctors serving a population of over

200 million, which means you have one

doctor to about 5,700 citizens. This ratio is

frightening in some rural areas. Studies

have shown that Nigeria has 0.2 doctors

per 1,000 populations compared to the UK

and Germany which have 2.8 and 4

respectively. WHO has recommended one

doctor to 600 populations; so if a minister,

who happens to be a doctor, can be saying

we have surplus doctors, it’s clear why our

health sector is in ruins. We currently have

one of the highest perinatal mortality,

maternal and infant mortality and yet a

minister is encouraging brain-drain. It

means we have more problems than we

think, as there is need to have appropriate

insight into a problem to render solution.

So, one can best imagine the advice of such

doctor in the Federal Executive Council

meeting on matters of manpower deficit in

the health sector. Even a blind man knows

we don’t have enough doctors except he is

referring to traditional doctors. We will still

advise government to improve the welfare

package of health professionals to

discourage their migration and also support

the establishment of more medical schools

to churn out more doctors. It’s clear why we

had the rot in the health sector. We can be

sure that even the ministry of health doesn’t

have the correct population of its staff. Well,

government is trying to show some interest

of recent but complete sincerity is only what

God knows. That’s why we are saying that

medical tourism should be denied public

officers, so that they can feel the effect of

bad governance on the people. Also, don’t

Continues on page 10


’We have excess doctors if

we add traditional healers’

•Dr Odusote

•Dr Oseni

• Dr Olokpa

•Dr Adeyeye

Arigbabuwo •Dr Moronkola •Prof Lesi

Continued from page 9

forget that a doctor sees between 50 and 70

patients per clinic in eight hours.

He appears not to be abreast

with challenges of the health

sector - National President,

Association of Resident

Doctors, Dr Olaopa

The minister appears not to be abreast of

the challenges in the health sector. It is

unfortunate he had to delve into a matter

he did not appear to know much about.

When the minister begins to think about

the foreign exchange of a critical social

issue and health of Nigerians, it is a

misplaced statement on Nigeria’s health

indices. He should work on his

subordinates to give him correct

information or he should seek information

by himself and sincerely approach such issue

of national importance because, how do

you address the challenge of inadequate

manpower in the health sector when you

think you have enough? The few doctors

that are still around are unemployed or

underemployed. And the

employed ones are battling

to provide services in a poor

work environment and

improper remuneration.

What is obvious is that the

minister doesn’t even

appreciate the problems of

job stress and dissatisfaction,

a patient having to wait long

hours to see the few

available doctors amid the

overall disenchantment with

the Nigerian health sector.

He can be excused of such

reckless statement as a

politician but the Federal

Ministry of Labour and

Employment should have

done better.

Statement is

display of comedy -

President, HCPAN,

Dr Adeyeye


The unfortunate utterance

of the Hon. Minister of

Labour, Dr Ngige, has irked

virtually all groups in the

healthcare industry,

especially those with a fair

sense of responsibility and

unbiased appraisal of the

situation. For this reason,

what we could obtain from

the archives of the leadership

of Healthcare Providers

Association of Nigeria in the

form of objective and

reasonable statistics are as

follows: Estimated

population of Nigeria of 710

million people while the

population of registered

doctors from the records of the appropriate

authorities is 40,000. Nigeria has urban and

rural population. In the urban population, we

have 30% of 170,000,000 = 50,000,000

people and rural population of 70% of

170,000,000=120,000,000. 30 per cent of

40,000 doctors give 12,000 doctors. These

12,000 doctors cover the healthcare services

of 120,000,000 rural population while 70 per

cent of 40,000, that is, 28,000 doctors, provide

services for urban 50,000,000 people. In

conclusion, more doctors (28,000) serve urban

population of 50,000,000 people whereas

lesser doctors (12,000) serve the thickly

populated rural areas of 150,000,000 people.

To the urban population, absence and shortage

of specialists is the real brain-drain while to

the rural settlement, the absence of the

primary care doctor is the de facto braindrain.

What is the tail of an elephant to

someone with a good sight may be perceived

as a stick to a blind man. This is maldistribution

of statistical paradox and

parallax. Also, a faulty elitist summary is

drawing a conclusion to assert that we have

urban ‘pseudo’ overpopulated doctors without

considering even where doctors are needed

most in the rural population that is grossly

underserved. No matter the angle of

My ‘excess doctor



ory, , by y Ngige

he ,Minister of Labour and Employment, Dr Chris Ngige,

Tdenied saying Nigeria has medical doctors in excess even

as he insisted that Nigeria has enough medical personnel to

handle non-specialist areas in the rural areas of the country.

He claimed he had been misquoted, (in his TV interview) and

that what he actually said was that since there was insufficient

space for residency training for medical doctors in the country,

graduates of medicine who could not find space were free to

seek such training in other countries and become professionals

in their chosen fields.

The minister said he is aware that Nigeria is in dire need of

specialists in various branches of medicine.

“I speak from the vantage position of being a medical doctor

and member, Nigerian Medical Association, since June 1979

and enriched by my vast knowledge on health administration,

having retired as a Deputy Director, Medical Services and

Training from the Federal Ministry of Health in 1998, member

of Vision 2010 Committee on Health as well as senior member,

Senate Committee on Health 2011-2015,” he said in a statement

released by his media aide, Nwachukwu Obidiwe.

“Therefore, the truth no matter how it hurts, must be told and

reality, boldly faced. I invite opinion moulders especially those

who have spoken or written on this issue to watch the full clip of

my interview with the channels.

“And it is for this reason that I admitted having a little cause to

worry about brain drain among medical doctors. The fact is

that while the Federal Government has recorded a remarkably

steady improvement in our healthcare system, Nigeria is yet to

get there.

“We do not at present have enough health facilities to

accommodate all the doctors seeking to do tertiary specialist

training (residency) in the Teaching Hospitals, Federal Medical

Centres and few accredited state and private specialist centres

in the country where roughly 20% of the yearly applicants are

absorbed while the remaining 80%, try their luck elsewhere.”

observation, be it in rural or urban areas, we

have a statistical distribution of the faulty

doctor-patient ratio in Nigeria. Somehow,

some other groups experience some form of

shortage. The pattern may be different. But it

is clear doctors are leaving en masse. What

we expect, according to the NMA President,

Prof Francis Faduyile, and WHO index for a

poor nation like Nigeria is 1:600 doctorpatient

ratio; but we are currently grinding

with 1:3,600; it appears, therefore, we need

about six times of what we have on ground for

minimal acceptability. We have nations on

1:200; 1:150; 1:1000; 1:500 etc. But why is

the Nigerian situation this bad? Even the

abysmally poor health indices are enough

signals of the poor quality, quantity,

harmonisation and coordination of human

resource in health in Nigeria. Training

facilities and structures are not even enabling.

Private providers cry loud and relocate. Why

do we shy away from accepting responsibility?

Why don’t we own up when we are wrong?

Some people in authority advised these doctors

recently to go for fashion designing, fishery,

and perhaps carpentry. They believe that, as

doctors, they would fare better in those areas

of specialty. It is public humiliation and

embarrassment. Alas, some who have also

crossed the river but removing the

bridge are still suggesting that the

sojourn in the diaspora is a form of


profitable medical tourism for

Nigeria. Is this not acceptance of

self-exile to endorse corporate

slavery knowing well that the

Nigerian government has not

created a seamless environment for

health workers as exemplified by

the doctors’ case now? A man is

not short changed until he submits

himself deliberately for oppression.

Let no one be deceived. If the cabinet

members of our President hold this

view concerning doctors, then their

multitude of counsel to Mr

President, who is not a member of

the health sector, will simply be that

the best testimony of all season is

the one you obtain directly from the

very major stakeholders. After all,

no one can be more Catholic than

the Pope. HCPAN, therefore, views

the unfortunate statement of the

minister as a mere display of

comedy, oiled with executive

utterance and painfully painted

against national interest. We are

gradually bringing the medical

profession to the lowest ebb even by

the supposed custodians. We are,

therefore, monitoring closely, and

want to restate our unalloyed

cooperation with the NMA and

other professional groups, whose

interest and perhaps relevance is

being brought to disrepute before

the population they serve whenever

government is faced with seeming

failure in their responsibilities. It is

doctors today. Who knows whose

turn it will be tomorrow!

We don’t have enough

doctors – Provost of

College of Medicine,

University of Lagos, Prof. Lesi


We don’t have enough doctors because if

you have a population of 190 million and,

given the number of doctors practising in the

country, which is about 32,00 to 35,000

doctors, that number is inadequate. It is about

a ratio population of one doctor to 5000

patients in contravention of WHO

recommendation of one to 600 patients. Even

though we have about 72,000 registered

doctors, that will not give us a true reflection

of the number of doctors because many of

them are practising in the diaspora. There are

not enough doctors for our population. In our

medical college, we produce about 200

medical doctors and dentists annually. Not

all medical colleges have the same quota of

training. We and the University of Ibadan have

the largest quota and a few first generation

universities. Others have less; there are over

40 universities offering medicine and, if you

do the maths, on the average, they will be

producing not more than 2000 or 3000

doctors per year. The more competent person

to talk about this is the Minister of Health

and not the Minister of Labour. I cannot

comment on the statement of the Minister of

Labour because he is not the competent person

to talk about the health workforce. The

Minister of Health is the person to answer

your questions.

Statement reflects govt.

position on brain-drain

threatening our health sector

- Dr Moronkola, a former ARD

President, LUTH

The statement is quite unfortunate

especially coming from a Minister of

Labour who is expected to have statistics of

the workforce in the country. It is even

more worrisome knowing that the

minister in question is a medical doctor.

His statement shows he is either out of

touch with the reality regarding the

medical profession or he is simply being

mischievous. As we speak, there are about

40,000 registered doctors in Nigeria. This

does not translate to the workforce as

some have left clinical practice for other

more economically rewarding jobs. Some

of this number practice abroad and only

renew their practising fee in Nigeria so

they remain in good standing with the

Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria,

MDCN. Statistics show that Nigeria has

about one doctor to 5,000 patients as

opposed to the 1/ 600 recommended by

WHO. This means Nigeria needs roughly

10 times the number of doctors we have

presently. Unfortunately, his statement

probably reflects the mindset of the

Federal Government on the issue of braindrain

that is threatening to crumble our

health sector. There are lots of doctors and

health professionals still jobless in Nigeria

while service delivery in our hospitals

continues to suffer. Instead of ensuring

doctors are employed to fill the spaces in

our hospitals, the minister is busy denying

the obvious. The Federal Government

needs to declare a state of emergency in the

health sector in the interest of the nation.


I see electoral

corruption amid loud

noise of fight against


— Nwabueze

Professor Ben Nwabueze (SAN), in this

piece, titled, ‘Incidence of Corrupt

Practices And Non-Compliance with

the Provisions of the Electoral Act during the

February/March 2019 general elections’,

writes on what he describes as contradictions

in the polity.

In addition to the decisive factors of violence

and the intimidating presence of armed

uniformed military men, another important

factor affecting the genuineness of votes

ascribed to candidates is corrupt practice and

non-compliance with the provisions of the

Electoral Act. This factor is important because,

like the factors of violence and the intimidating

presence of armed uniformed military men, it

determines the character of an election as a

democratic election, which may be here defined

as the exercise of a right guaranteed by law to

every citizen of the prescribed age to vote in

freedom for the choice of leaders at an election

fairly and impartially conducted, and to

exercise the right without interference by the

authorities, civil and military; it is important

for the additional reason that, as Olu Fasan

said in the Vanguard of 28 March 2019,

corrupt practice or rigging, in all its variegated

forms, breaches “the fundamental doctrine of

consent of the governed”, which deprives the

“emergent government the legitimacy and

moral right to govern.”

Nature And Effect of Corrupt Practices as

Contradistinguished from Non-Compliance

with the Provisions of the Electoral Act

It needs to be stated at the outset that

“corrupt practices” partakes of a nature and

effect altogether different from “noncompliance

with the provisions of the Electoral

Act”, with which it is juxtaposed by section

145(1) of the Act, which provides that “an

election may be questioned” on the ground,

inter alia, that it “is invalid by reason of corrupt

practices or non-compliance with the

provisions of this Act.” The juxtaposition of

corrupt practices with noncompliance in this

provision is a statutory recognition that they

are two different things and provide separate

grounds for questioning the validity of an

election. Corrupt practices at elections must

therefore be kept distinct from non-compliance

with the provisions of the Act.

First, non-compliance implies a failure

to do something which the law requires to be

done, or doing wrongly what the law requires

to be done, whereas corrupt practice implies a

positive act the doing of which is prohibited

by law; the latter is illegal and is often a

criminal offence as well, while the former is

ordinarily neither an illegality nor a criminal

offence. Second, an electoral malpractice or

corrupt practice is also not a “defect”. The side

note to section 146 of the Electoral Act 2006,

quoted below, reads: “Certain defects not to

invalidate election.” Although a side note is

not part of an enactment, it has an important

bearing on the interpretation of its meaning.

The word “defect” contemplates or at any rate,

it suggests, an irregularity. It is defined by New

Webster’s Dictionary of the English Language

as “fault; an imperfection”. It has therefore

nothing to do with an electoral malpractice or

corrupt practice, as defined later below. Section

146 (now section 139(1) of the 2010 Act)

should therefore be restricted in its application

to non-compliance not constituting a corrupt

practice. It provides as follows:

“An election shall not be liable to be

invalidated by reason of non-compliance with

the provisions of this Act if it appears to the

Election Tribunal or Court that the election

was conducted substantially in accordance

with the principles of this Act and that the non

compliance did not affect substantially the

result of the election” (emphasis supplied).

The fact that “corruption practices” is not

mentioned in this section, as it is mentioned in

section 145(1), shows that the law-maker never

intended section 146 to apply to corrupt


•Professor Ben Nwabueze

Third, the term “corrupt practices” is derived

from the word “corruption” which connotes,

according to the definition of it in Black’s Law

Dictionary, 7th Edition, “(1) depravity,

perversion or taint; an impairment of integrity,

virtue or moral principle. (2) The act of doing

something with an intent to give some

advantage inconsistent with official duty and

the rights of others.” In relation to an election,

the term means, therefore, a perverse,

dishonest, immoral, improper or illegal act or

practice intended to influence the election in

favour of a particular candidate sponsored by

a particular political party.

Whilst it may be a crime, as in the case

of the corrupt acts or practices made a crime

by sections 131 and 137 of the Electoral Act

2006, it has a meaning wider than that, and

embraces perverse, dishonest, immoral,

Improper or illegal acts or practices which,

though not made a crime by statute, are

intended to influence an election in favour of a

particular candidate sponsored by a particular

political party – an act may be illegal without

being a crime. This is what

makes corrupt practice at an

election, whether or not it is

made a crime by statute, so

inimical to free election. It

strikes at the very root of free

and fair election; it is

irreconcilably antagonistic

and hostile to an election in the

sense required by democracy.

The character of corrupt

practice at an election as

something which, by its

intrinsic nature, undermines

the quality of an election as a

free election. and therefore its

credibility and integrity, is

attested by the penalties

attached to conviction for it by

section 122( I) of the Electoral

Act 2002, where corrupt

practice is made a crime by

statute. The subsection

provided as follows (the

provision is omitted from the

2006 Act):

“Any person who is convicted

of an offence under this Part of

this Act which amounts to corrupt practice or

is convicted for aiding, abetting, counseling

or procuring the commission of such offence

shall, in addition to any other penalty, be

disqualified during a period of four years from

the date of his conviction from being – ¬

(a) registered as a voter or voting at any

election; and

(b) elected under this Act or if elected

before his conviction, from retaining the

office to which he was elected” (emphasis


Thus, under section l22( I) of the Electoral

Act 2002 conviction for corrupt practice where

it is made a crime by statute nullified the

election of the person concerned, regardless of

whether or not the corrupt practice

substantially affected the result of the election.

The gravity of the penalties under section

On this matter of

corrupt practices

at elections, we

seem to have

gotten ourselves

enmeshed in the

web of two



122(I) above is a statutory recognition of the

nature of corrupt practice as a matter so

fundamental to the principle of free, fair and

credible election, so fundamental indeed that

conviction for corrupt practice made a crime

by statute nullified the election of a person

convicted of it.

There is something intriguing about the

omission of the provisions of section 122(1) of

the 2002 Act from the subsequent Acts of 2006

and 2010. The reason for its omission is not

stated, but it may not be unconnected with the

fact that nullification of an election strikes

greater fear and aversion in politicians than

criminal punishment – imprisonment or fine.

They would rather face the hazards of criminal

punishment than the perilous risks of

nullification of an election. Yet the abolition of

the provisions of section 122(1) above does

suggest a certain unseriousness, if not

hypocrisy, in our so-called drive to exorcise

corrupt practices from our electoral system.

The provisions of section 122(1) above should

be brought back for the greater deterrent effect

of nullification.

Corrupt practice must be

regarded as a matter

intrinsically “substantial” in

nature by reason of the fact

that it impairs the quality of

an election as a free election

and therefore its credibility

and integrity. It follows,

therefore, that corrupt

practice, if shown to have

occurred, need not be proved

to have substantially affected

the “result” of the election

under section 146(1) of the

Electoral Act 2006. Being

something intrinsically

substantial in nature, and

because it strikes at the very

root of free election and

thereby undermines its

integrity and credibility,

corrupt practice, if proved to

have occurred, has the effect

of invalidating an election by

its intrinsic force; it is

irrefutably presumed to have

substantially affected the

result of an election.

The first leg of the provision in section 146(1)

above, i.e. that “the election was conducted

substantially in accordance with the principles

of the Act” is also incompatible with the nature

of corrupt practice. An election featuring

corrupt practices on a massive scale cannot

reasonably or meaningfully be said to have

been “conducted” in accordance with the

principles of the Act; the principles underlying

the Act, being those of free, fair and credible

election, are excluded by corrupt practices

occurring on a widespread scale, which makes

it untenable to say that the election was

conducted substantially in accordance with the

principles of the Act.

In interpreting and applying section 146(1)

a distinction needs to be made between noncompliances

amounting to corrupt practice

and those not amounting to corrupt practice.


The subsection applies only to the latter.

It is not, however, suggested that, being

antagonistic to free, fair and credible election

and being of a nature intrinsically substantial,

a single, isolated incident of corrupt practice

renders an election null and void. Its impact

on the “result” of an election is the function of

how perverse a particular corrupt practice is,

and how massive and widespread its incidence

is; in other words, corrupt practice, including

non-compliance amounting to corrupt

practice, is a ground for nullification if it is

proved to have been perverse in nature and

fairly massive and widespread in its incidence,

in which case it is irrebuttably presumed and

taken to have substantially affected the result

of the election, without further proof.

The question which the court is to consider is

not as to whether corrupt practice, by its

intrinsic nature, is antithetical or not to free

election (its utter incompatibility with free

election has the truth of an axiom), but as to

the amount of it, in terms of the degree of

perverseness of particular corrupt practices

and their spatial incidence, that renders an

election null and void. No doubt, the

determination of the question leaves

considerable discretion to the court, but, like

all judicial discretion, it must be exercised,

not by perverse legalism, but

judiciously and with due regard to

truth, justice and the Rule of Law.

The application of

section 146 of the Electoral

Act 2006 by the courts in

cases where corrupt

practices or electoral

malpractices are

complained of in

an election has

had the sad result

that the extensive

array of corrupt

practices of

g r e a t


a n d


extent proved

t o

have occurred

in the Buhari v.


Case, [2005]


(Part 941 –

943), was

dismissed and the election sustained, because

such corrupt practices proved to have occurred

were not proved to have substantially affected

the result of the election – a perverse application

of the law.

The application of section 146 to the

complaint of corrupt practices in the Atiku

Abubakar v. Umaru Musa Yar’Adua Case,

(2008) 12 S.C. (Pt 11)1, produced a result no

less saddening. The petitioner in that case, Atiku

Abubakar, had averred, inter alia, as follows

in his petition:

(i) deliberate non-supply, under-supply

and late supply of electoral materials,

including ballot papers;

(ii) multiple voting, voting by people

not registered to vote, voting in private houses

and other unauthorized and undesignated


(iii) voting was not by open secret

ballot, as prescribed by the Act, owing to

failure by INEC to erect polling booths in

most places, which resulted in the secrecy

of the ballot being violated;

(iv) stuffing of ballot boxes, ballot

boxes snatching, intimidation, use of

violence and threats, bribery, falsification

of results;

(v) Form EC8A series showing

scores of candidates were not signed by

presiding officers at the polling units nor

countersigned by party agents (except for

those of Umaru Yar-Adua’s party), as

required by the Act;

(vi) Counting of votes and

declaration of results were not done at the

polling units, as required by the Act; results

were instead collated at state level based

on “scores transmitted electronically from

polling units and/or local government

areas” across the nation;

(vii) Arbitrary allocation of scores

to candidates and falsification of scores.

The complaints listed above were dismissed

by the Court of Appeal on the ground that

“most of them appear trivial in character” –

i.e. non-substantial within the meaning of

section 146(1). Nothing perhaps betrays

more glaringly the predisposition of the

Court of Appeal to use section 146(1) as a

shield to protect infractions of the Act than

its dismissal of the Petitioners’ complaints

listed above on the ground that they are

“a logistic problem and not a defect”.

Admittedly, an act or omission to act

which would otherwise be condemnable

as a corrupt practice would not be so

regarded if it is due to accidental or

logistical reasons or other lawful excuse,

but not when it is deliberate or willful. as

the massive, widespread incidence of nonsupply,

under-supply and late supply of

ballot papers and other electoral materials

during the April 2007 presidential election

indisputably was.

The character of such deliberate or wilful

non-compliance as electoral malpractice or

corrupt practice is attested by making it a

criminal offence punishable with 12 months

imprisonment or NlOO,OOO fine or both.

•Read more on www.vanguardngr.com


*Saraki *Tinubu *Dogara

2023, Tinubu and the

NASS leadership tussle

National Leader of the ruling All Progressives Congress, APC, Asiwaju Bola Tinubu,

last Sunday, lashed out at the leadership of the National Assembly amid the jostle

by members-elect to succeed the current principal officers. Sunday Vanguard x-rays

the situation and its concomitant effects on the party’s preferred aspirants especially

in the House of Representatives.

By Levinus Nwabughiogu

The name Asiwaju Bola Ahmed

Tinubu,resonates across the land. He’s

a master strategist and goal getter. He

is a grand politician, savvy, sagacious, likeable,

intelligent, sociable, phenomenal but

sometime, fierce in his political arithmetics.

Tinubu was a senator in the botched 3rd

Republic. Between 1999 and 2007, he held

sway in Lagos as governor. In 2015, he became

the National Leader of the ruling All

Progressive Congress, APC.

From his base in Lagos, Tinubu survived the

ferocious attacks by former President Olusegun

Obasanjo’s government. The Peoples

Democratic Party, PDP, as it happened then,

had made inroads into all the States of South-

West and seized power but Tinubu made Lagos

a no-go-area for then-ruling party. His Alliance

for Democracy, AD, weathered the storm.

When the AD outlived its usefulness, Tinubu

played smart and caused

his structures to

metamorphose into

Action Congress, AC. The

new party blossomed but

with no national

colouration. In the pursuit

of the national spread and

recognition, the Asiwaju

added “Nigeria, to the

party’s name which then

read “Action Congress of

Nigeria’ , ACN. With this,

Tinubu’s political

stronghold expanded.

Cashing, in on the angst

against the ‘weak’

government of former

President Goodluck

Jonathan and the eventual

withdrawal of Obsanjo’s

support, Tinubu’s ACN

launched an alliance with

three other political

parties and transformed

to All Progressives

Congress, APC, which is

While political actors who

are opposed to Tinubu’s

choices could only make

insinuations of a possible

2023 game plan, Tinubu, in

a bid to clear the fog,

accused Senate President

Bukola Saraki and the

House Speaker, Yakubu

Dogara, of padding

national budgets in the last

four years

today the ruling party at the federal level.

APC was later to see Tinubu as its National

Leader having been jolted into power by his

political sagacity in 2015.

A legion of persons has benefitted from

Tinubu’s political tutelage: Babatunde Fasola,

Vice President Yemi Osinbajo, Governor

Kayode Fayemi, Comrade Adams

Oshiomole, Rauf Aregbesola, Akinwunmi

Ambode” , in fact, the names are endless.

Even President Muhammadu Buhari would

not deny that he has not benefitted from Tinubu

as it was his clout that gave him the presidency

in 2015.

With APC, Asiwaju has since expanded

from his South-West enclave and established

allies across the country and, to that extent, he

has,become a toast of many Nigerians. That

is, for sure, benevolence at work.

But a man whose chi has cracked his palm

kernel even before he was born needs not to

take everything and everyone for granted.

That was the case in 2015 when after

producing Vice President Yemi Osinbajo,

Tinubu went ahead to project Senator Ahmed,

Lawan from Yobe State and, of course, Hon.

Femi Gbajabimila, from his Lagos State, as

his preferred choices for Senate President and

Speaker, House of Representatives respectively.

The disappointment that later followed had

since found a place in the political lexicon of

the country’s democratic experience.

Unfortunately, four years after, the same

scenario appears to be playing out. Tinubu

and the party have expressly endorsed the same

men again for the same position. Would it

work? Time will tell.

Tinubu’s allegations against

N / A s s e m b l y


In a statement released by his

media aide, Tunde Rahman, on

Sunday, Tinubu predicated his

choice of Lawan and Gbajabimila

on the aspiration of the party and

the government to achieve their

objectives seamlessly.

He said: “Since the inception of

the APC, my focus has been to assist

President Buhari develop, refine

and implement a progressive

agenda that would give every

Nigerians a fair chance to prosper

and provide for their loved ones.

“As he enters his second term,

President Buhari has stated that he

will give the economy special


“His goal is to defeat poverty and

joblessness while spurring the type

of growth and development that

will make Nigeria a durable and

flourishing economy. These goals

are laudable and necessary to

move Nigeria forward.

“It is against this backdrop that my support

of the party’s position regarding the National

Assembly leadership must be interpreted.

“There is no surprise in my supporting the

party and the president’s position regarding

the National Assembly positions. Nor is it

wrong that I do so.

“That I have actively and publicly supported

the party and president should not result in

such public backbiting.

“We all know how important these positions

are to the fulfillment of the president’s agenda”.

War of words

While political actors who are opposed to

Tinubu’s choices could only make insinuations

of a possible 2023 game plan, Tinubu, in a bid

to clear the fog, accused Senate President

Bukola Saraki, and the House Speaker,

Yakubu Dogara of padding national budgets

in the last four years of their administration.

Perhaps, unknown to him, that was the first

salvo that may have launched an attack to his

support for Gbajabimila in the House.

In response to him, Dogara did not only

dismiss the allegations of budget padding, he

also called Tinubu a fascist and power grabber

who wants to control all levels of government.

He said: “The parliamentarians are

representatives of the Nigerian people and

you don’t expect them to rubber stamp budgets

that are heavily skewed and lopsided against

most sections of the country. It is their

responsibility to ensure equitable and even

distribution of capital projects across all the

nooks and crannies of the country, if the

Executive fails to do so. In any case, it is false

to state that legislative intervention in the

Budget Process is to benefit the legislators and

not their constituencies. We challenge Asiwaju

Tinubu to prove otherwise. He should also

show in what way the 8th Assembly acted

differently from other Assemblies of the past

to warrant the kind of language used. In any

case, all the aspirants to the Senate Presidency

and Speakership he is sponsoring are majority

leaders in the 8th Assembly and took part in

the Budget Process that he made the chief basis

of his crude attack. This proves beyond doubt

the hypocrisy of Asiwaju’s stated reasons for

supporting his candidates. He should find

better reasons other than the lies being peddled

about the Budget and obstructing government

business. Asiwaju shouldn’t take better

informed Nigerians for fools. Otherwise, when

he sought to take control of the 8th Senate and

8th House in 2015, was it because of any

Budget Saraki and Dogara had delayed or pet

projects they had inserted into any Budget

before 2015? Asiwaju must come clean on this

matter. He should let Nigerians know why he

wants to install both the Senate President, the

Speaker and leadership of the 9th Assembly.

He may yet win the support of some of them if

he comes clean on this matter. We do not expect

Asiwaju Tinubu to dwell on brazen mendacity,

much less murder facts and decorum in his

rabid bid to justify his patently clear facist

agenda of controlling all levers of power in


Don’t pitch Buhari against

members-elect— Bago

Campaign organization

The APC leader also dwelt on the issue of

loyalty so much so that the campaign

organization of Hon. Mohammed Umaru

Bago, another aspirant to the speakership from

Niger State, North-Central, suspected a

mischief and, in its reply, reply asked him to

allow Gbajabimila to run on his record and


The statement signed by its spokesman,

Hon. Victor Ogene, read in part, “We have

perused the statement released by the National

Leader of our Party, Asiwaju Bola Ahmed

Tinubu, especially as it concerns the leadership

of the House of Representatives, and wish to

respectfully disagree with him on some of the

conclusions therein.

“For starters, even though he took extra care

not to mention his choice candidate by name,

the laborious attempt to pass off same desire

as the onerous craving of President

Muhammadu Buhari clearly leaves his real

intentions exposed.

Not too long ago, in 2015, when Tinubu

tried to foist the same mentee of his as Speaker,

in spite of the rational voices of caution by

many stakeholders, many had been left

wondering if the enforcement effort was at the

instance of President Buhari and the Party.

“Although, a greater portion of the statement

centred on his probable scheming for the 2023

presidential election, real or imagined, our

concern revolves around the oblique reference

to loyalty as basis for his decision to stand by

his adopted as the next Speaker of the House

of Representatives.

“It is on this score, and several other

incontrovertible facts that we disagree with the

position of our national leader.

“It is our contention that nobody has the

monopoly of loyalty. Put succinctly, it is not

anyone’s exclusive preserve and no one is a

custodian of it.

“In deed, the pursuit of equity and fairness in

an enterprise where we are all stakeholders

cannot vitiate our candidate’s long standing,

earned reputation as a loyalist of President

Buhari, our party, the All Progressives

Congress, and above all, the people of his

constituency, his state, Niger, and the North

Central zone who have invested their trust in

him to represent them.

“Instead of seeking to pitch party faithful

who seek their just due against the President,

we rather expect Asiwaju Tinubu, as a father to

all, to critically consider the legitimate

aspiration of the North central zone and ensure

that justice is done.

“At the risk of sounding repetitive, we restate

that no one currently jostling for the

Speaker’s position is more loyal to President

Buhari than Hon. Bago.

“From 2003 when he became a member of

The Buhari Organization (TBO), to 2011 when

he contested and won election to the House of

Representatives on the platform of the defunct

CPC, to 2015 and 2019 when he won reelection

on the banner of the APC, Hon. Bago

has remained a core Buharist, and any attempt

to tar him with any brush of disloyalty cannot


Gbajabimila should make

sacrifice, step down to move


For Hon. Nkiru Onyejiocha, another

aspirant from Abia State, South-East,

Gbajabimila, even though the preferred choice

by the party, should take the path of honour

and step down in the interest of peace and

stability in the parliament.

While formally declaring her intention on

Tuesday, she said: “All of you know very well

that Mr. President is a good man. Mr president

even before this time had taken his vice

president from south east. Dr. Chuba Okadigbo

was his running mate and all that. And so, there

is no way the president will sit down and tell

people that south east does not matter. And of

course, you know that we have 3 arms of

government. Moving forward, there is no way

our party will not want work with the members

of House of Representatives including people

from the opposition parties because you are

talking about governance now.

“And I also know that the leader of the House,

Hon. Femi Gbajabiamila, a good gentleman.

But there is a time in somebody’s life that any

leader who is a leader indeed will make

sacrifice. And that time is now for the leader of

my party and the leader of 8th Assembly; he

was the minority leader and now majority

leader an so, he is a leader in all rights. And so,

this opportunity comes only once in a leader’s

time when a leader will look self and says it is

not about me, it is about Nigeria. And I believe

that Nigeria needs healing. The land needs

healing and so, somebody has to make

sacrifices to say let us move to the next level”.

Any Implications for

Gbajabimila’s aspiration?

To keen observers of the political trend in the

country, Tinubu’s latest statement is thoughtprovoking.

In essence, the observers are of the

view that the statement has become an

albatross to Gbajabiamila’s aspiration and

inadvertantly swayed sympathy to other

contestant like Bago whose campaign is

understandably gathering momentum by the

day. They had preferred the APC National

Leader to have maintained a subtle silence or,

best, push remotely from behind instead of

the open lash at the National Assembly

leadership. They believe that the

leadership even though is exiting the scene

can still exert some influence. But the cat

is already out of the bag. How much of its

impact would however be seen in the days

ahead when Gbajabimila who is currently

performing lesser hajj in Saudi Arabia returns.

Whichever way it goes, the ultimate result

would be known on the inauguration day of

the 9th Assembly in June.



What having two kids from

two different men taught me

— Toyin Lawal

Serial entrepreneur, Toyin Lawani of Tiannah’s Place Empire, once

said she can do whatever she wants because no man pays her bills or

controls her life but she’s obviously not oblivious of the stigma that comes with being a

single mother in a society such as ours. In a recent epistle posted on her Instagram page the

beauty therapist who keeps romancing the sensibilities of many with her rather sensually

explicit visuals, gives an insight into the lives of single mothers, being a

single mother with two kids from two different men, herself.

“When you are different the world will hate you for no reason; when they

don’t understand your life choices or theories they will castigate you and

everything you stand for. The women that go through the most in life are

single moms , they are blamed for their choice of not being married or in

a man’s house. They take care of their kids, day in day out, pushing them

to greater heights without uttering any complaints and still let the

fathers play their role in the child’s life, they struggle, day in day

out, to give the people around them joy and happiness. When you

want to blame a woman for being single or having kids with

different men, think twice because it can happen to anybody,

either by death or by pain . At times we don’t choose our situations,

at times, our situations choose us ,” she writes.

She revealed that she had her first child at 23, having married

at 19, possibly implying she never planned to be a single

mom until situation spiraled out of her control and

bemoaned having lived through an abusive relationship.

“A long time ago, a friend sent me a message which I

still have, mocking me that I was in an abusive

relationship showing off to me that she had a better

husband than me, I took my kids and walked away

•Timi Dakolo



from the relationship, said nothing to the public and focused on my

business and kids. I had my first kid when I was 23 years old, I got

married when I was 19years old, there are many things y’all don’t

know about me, I have been through hell and back with no complaints

r pity party".

What my children hate

about me —Timi Dakolo


ensational soul music singer, Timi Dakolo may be reviewing his fatherhood skills anytime

soon as his three lovely children, Hallel, Zoe and Alexander, have boldly confronted

him with what they dislike about him.

According to the distraught singer who is now confused as to how else to deal with his kids,

he is yet to come to terms with, if the methods he has been adopting in bringing them up

are good or bad.

“While enjoying our breakfast, I asked my children what they don’t like about me or things

I do that they don’t like. Hallel said, ‘Daddy you shout too much’ and I go like how? Don’t run

on the stairs, drop my phone now, and turn off that TV now. Respect your brother Hallel, this is

my house Hallel, this is my house. Turn off that TV or I will disconnect the TV. Hallel those are

not real tears, leave my room'. Alexander said ‘You are too harsh on me; you still won’t let me play

PS4 even if I have nothing to do. You always shout ‘respect your sisters’ even if they look for my

trouble a lot. When we do our family meeting, you talk a lot, you keep repeating the same thing

and we are children we just want to play and watch TV but you don’t let us. You bought ipads for

us but you always hide it'.

He added; “Zoe said ‘You don’t let me wear what I want. You always say that is for outing. You

never let me sleep in your room but you call me baby of the house. And you lie daddy, you will say

you will come back soon but you don’t come back soon and you travel a lot. You say you have

money in the bank but when I say I want more clothes you say, no money, Zoe'. My people, what

is my crime?”

Who knows, the ‘Iyawo mi’ crooner may soon embark on a journey in search of a rule book on

how best to train his children to avoid a repeat of such bold confrontation from his kids.

NEC Live 7 unravels

thinking behind BBNaija

frica’s leading marketing and public relations technology company, Plaqad.com

Ahas announced the release of the first-ever Big Brother Naija report. The Report which

was released at the Nigerian Entertainment Conference (NEC) on Wednesday April 24, provides

valuable insight into the public perception of the reality TV show, its impact on the youth

culture in Nigeria and its effect on the Nigerian economy.

While the show has remained popular especially with the young population, many have

questioned the thinking behind it as well as its general impact on Nigeria’s economy and

youth culture.

“While the popularity of BBNaija is never in doubt especially as it relates to its entertainment

value, the direct and indirect impact of the show on youth culture and our economy is not as

visible,” said Gbenga Sogbaike, CEO of Plaqad.

“Does the show actually provide opportunities for young people to thrive in the creative

industry? Does it indeed drive any growth in Nigeria’s entertainment, telecoms, fashion,

hospitality, tourism, and media sectors as some have claimed? Why do thousands of people

show up for its auditions year after year? What makes the show appealing> Discovering the

answers to these questions and many others require that one digs deeper and look beyond the


“However, and rather unfortunately, there exists no concrete body of research on the BBNaija

show till date. Hence the need for this report.”

Among other exciting findings, the report revealed that Bisola Aiyeola, a 2017 contestant

on the show, is the most loved BBNaija housemate ever. It also claimed that a majority of

Nigerians believe the Big Brother Naija show is a more viable path to success than a university

degree and a 9-5 job.

• T o y i n


•Ronke Tiamiyu

Any man I date

must respect me

— Ronke Tiamiyu


onke Tiamiyu, ex

beauty queen who hit

stardom after clinching the Miss

Charismatic crown at the 2013

Most Beautiful Girl in Nigeria

(MBGN) has clearly defined

what she requires of the man who

wants to be with her, either for the

moment or for life and her

request is simple – respect! Ronke

let the cat out of the bag in a

recent chat with Potpourri when

she was asked what would

make her cheat on a guy.

“There is nothing that

would make me cheat, I

would simply leave him. Any

man I date must respect me

as a woman, an intelligent,

beautiful, hard working

woman. He must love and

support me the same as I will

love and support him. This

world is a difficult place and

you need a partner that you are

in it together with. If a man is

disrespectful, talks down on you,

insults you, or even worse,

abuses you, a woman should

leave him instantly because the

man does not truly love her. I

have too much respect for

myself to be with a man who

does not respect me,” she said.

Apart from owning her own

pageant called Miss

Charismatic Nigeria pageant,

Aderonke Tiamiyu has made

the cover of House of Maliq

and has featured as guest star

in Flatmates as well as as

many shows. She’s an actress

and a model too.

Legend the Musical set

to tour Nigerian states

EGENDS: Kings and Kingdoms, a musical play centred on the lives and

Ltriumph of some Africa’s iconic legends has geared up to tour the states of

Nigeria with a grand show in Abuja the federal capital after their successful

outings in Lagos.

Following LEGENDS debut production in October 2018 during the 22nd

edition of the annual MUSON Festival of the Arts, LEGENDS has since then

been staged 16 times in Lagos and Bonny Island. LEGENDS the musical

performance surmounts each show leaving a ‘wow’ expression on the audience;

making them ask for a comeback on stage after every performance.

The producers and directors of LEGENDS the musical - Gbenga Yusuf and Ayo

Ajayi, disclosed that the need to embark on a nation wide tour is as a result of

yearnings from the fans and audience could not resist seeing the performance

time after time.

“Through music and dance, we embark on a journey through the lives and the

cultures of five legendary icons in Africa from Nigeria, South Africa, Egypt and

Ghana: Sango, son of Thunder, Shaka of Zulu, Yaa Asantewa of Asante Kingdom,

Queen Amina of Zazzau and Queen Nefertiti of Egypt,” says Ayo.

Speaking further, “In partnership with Transcorp Hilton hotel, LEGENDS: Kings

and Kingdoms will be back on stage in t. hotel, Abuja from the 17th to 19th of May,

2019. This MTN Foundation sponsored show will have her opening performance at

7:00PM on the first day, while the subsequent days will be open for viewers at 4:00PM

and 7:00PM daily. Art enthusiasts, fun lovers, historians and the general public are all

invited to the show,” Ayo added.

For Yusuf, “To celebrate Children’s Day through Democracy Day, there are Children

and Adult shows in Lagos from the 27th to 29th of May, 2019 in Agip hall, MUSON

centre, Onikan (10:00AM, 4:00PM & 7:00PM daily). Co-produced with Mrs Karachi

Atiya, 10:00AM shows are dedicated to LEGENDS Children Experience, which is

loaded with fun activities like LEGENDS hand stamp wall, African body arts,

LEGENDS mannequin cut-outs photo shoot, LEGENDS photo props, snack pack

and many more,” he said.

“Meanwhile, our open arms will be ready to receive families, groups, friends,

business associate and all Lagosians during our evening shows,” Yusuf


LEGENDS the Musical is written by Paul Ugbede and is produced from

the stable of Gbenga’s Seeing Through the Arts Production and Ayo’s

Declassical Arts and Entertainment.

L-R Public



MultiChoice Nigeria, Caroline Oghuma; Ex

Big Brother Housemate, Tobi Bakare; Managing Director,

MultiChoice Nigeria, John Ugbe and Media Personality / Ex Big

Brother Housemate, Ebuka Obi-Uchendu at the release of the firstever

Big Brother Naija report in Lagos.






Psychological trauma

I suffered after gaining

weight for movie role

— Toni Tones


or most women, putting on

Funnecessary weight is something they never

wish for as a result of the adverse effect it exerts on

them physically, mentally and psychologically. But

for sultry Nollywood actress, Gbemi Anthonia

Adefuye, popularly known as Toni Tones, she had to

intentionally gain extra 40-pounds for a movie role

in ‘King of Boys’.

Sharing her experience, the actress explained the

psychological trauma she suffered while living inher

new size.

“I’m almost back to my ‘pre-King of Boys’ weight. This is particularly huge for me,

because at the time I chose to put on weight for the project, I was honestly very afraid

about my ability to lose the weight again. I love food, so staying in shape already took

a lot of effort. I had to learn a lot of self-discipline to be able to control my portions

when I eat, make healthy food choices and make exercise a lifestyle.”

“Yes it takes much longer, but the results also stay much longer! I went from 58kg

to 76kg, that’s 40pounds/18kg. I lost 9kg by the premiere 8-months later and went

down to 67kg. And today, 6 months after the premiere, I got on scale and I’ve lost

another 7kg. Now weighing 60kg and I don’t know how to act about it. I’m so

excited. I’m just 2kg away from my goal of my original 58kg. But I will continue to

take it slow and steady till I reach my goal.”

“Most of my life, I’ve been told I couldn’t and shouldn’t do many things, acting

was one of them. I never listened, I always let my fear and self-doubt fuel me,

and I’m happy I did. Being able to put my mind to this and achieve this is so

important to me, because it’s one of the hardest things I’ve ever done. It also

took a toll on me psychologically, I had never been that size before, my face was

much chubbier, my hands were so big, my arms were so big, I couldn’t wear a

lot of my old clothes. Everyone I ran into would comment on how much weight

I’d put on. Fans would message me that I was becoming too big.”

Though she wasn’t comfortable with the embarrassing attention she got from

men, she admitted that she liked the new size of her butts.

“I had to constantly affirm myself and strengthen my belief that I was

beautiful at any size. My butt was so massive, that was a plus. I got to

experience what all big booty ladies had been experiencing in terms of male

attention and all I’ll say is, they are enjoying. You can’t move without men

jumping. I honestly found it weird at first. Yes, I got attention from guys

previously, but it quadrupled. It actually became overwhelming at a point

because you’ll be talking to someone and they’ll just be staring at your boobs

and it became really annoying, sometimes offensive.”

However, she expressed excitement over being able to lose weight again and revert

to her former stature.

“I’m glad my little old booty and my reasonably sized boobs are back. It was an

interesting experience, but let me go back to my lane please, that’s the level my

energy gets to. To finally be close to my goal, to actually be here is such an amazing

feeling, considering how afraid I was. It took 15-months, but I did it. I put on weight

for a role, gave the role my heart and soul and lost the weight after. I’ve never been

more motivated that I can achieve anything I put my mind to”, she noted.

The story of my humble beginnings —Kaffy



World class Nigerian dancer, choreographer, dance instructor and fitness coach, Kafayat Oluwatoyin Shafau-

Ameh, better known as Kaffy, is well-loved and admired for her dancing abilities and the fact that she

successfully transformed her passion and drive into a lucrative career.

In a chat with Seyi Banigbe on her TV show, ‘Binging with the Game Changers’, the Guinness World Record holder who grew

up with the dream of becoming an Aeronautical Engineer but eventually had to study Data Processing and Computer

Science at the Olabisi Onabanjo University, recounted how she grappled with the hard knocks of life to build a solid

successful career.

“Though I was born into wealth, I lived in poverty for a while when at age 11, my parents separated. I and my

siblings lived with their mum, and life became so difficult that they found it difficult to eke out a living. We

literally consumed garri for seven months consecutively. I catered for myself and my family by going to the

farm. I would harvest vegetables and sell to make money.”

“Along the line, I joined an aerobics class at the National Stadium in order to lose weight and was always

regular and punctual. This prompted my aerobics teacher to appoint me to lead the class whenever she was

unavailable. Being a dancer, I infused dancing into aerobics and the class loved it, always wanting me to

lead whenever the teacher was absent. I got promoted and began to train athletes.”

“During one of my weekends at the National Stadium for dance rehearsals and workouts, I was

approached by a promoter for a modeling job. Part of the modeling activity was choreography. Even

though I didn’t want to do the choreography at first, I later agreed and asked the promoter to allow me

to do a solo performance. Unknown to me, many artistes were present at the event and loved my

performance. The rest is history”, she said.

No doubt, Kaffy has featured in numerous award-winning musical videos for many A-list artistes in

Nigeria and across the globe. She won a Special Recognition Award at the 2018 edition of Headies,

for her significant contribution to Nigeria’s entertainment.



•DJ Cuppy

DJ Cuppy reels out new

hot single ‘Abena’,

features 3 artistes


nternational DJ and Producer,

IFlorence Ifeoluwa Otedola,

popularly known as Cuppy, is back

with a new single release titled ‘Abena’,

her first release this year. Following

from her classic Afrobeats hit ‘Green

Light’, Cuppy continues her musical

exploration this time teaming up

with 3 talented West African artistes;

Kwesi Arthur, Shaydee & Ceeza

Milli. This silky afro-love jam will no

doubt be a hit in the clubs, DJ sets,

and a favourite from Cuppy fans!

Unquestionably, a leading female

DJ in Africa, Cuppy is becoming a

major player across the music field,

having successfully gained a lot of

recognition both in Nigeria and

internationally. This new release

proves Cuppy’s further solidified

position in the music industry as she

continues to show us that there are

many layers to her craft while

stepping even further into the world

of vocalist, songwriter, and


Upon hearing ‘Abena’ its

contagious sound is certainly

captivating! Cuppy has certainly left

us wanting more…

Sojiii tops iTunes music chart with

debut single, Tombo




and Sojiii

Silva Fox sets to redefine adult night life scene in Lagos

Anew phenomenal adult

night-life ambience in the

fashion of Florida Night

Club style in America called “Silver

Fox” has made its entrant in the city

of Lagos.

The new club poised to unlock

the potentials of the adult nightlife

industry in West Africa and bringing

luxurious adult entertainment to

Lagos, Nigeria, was unveiled in the

Lekki axis of Lagos during Easter

season, with variety of spicy

entertainment held from April 18 to

21, 2019.

Speaking on the imposing brand

to press in Lagos, the founder, Big

Slim, commented: “Silver Fox is a

passionate idea we are bringing to

Africa, starting from Lagos, to create

a luxurious and world class setting

for gentlemen to let out all

inhibitions, get loose, enjoy and

have fun. Adult night club is not just

a business to me, it’s a passion and

with the experience I have, I decided

it was time to come home, seeing

how fast and big the entertainment

and hospitality business in Nigeria

is growing. I spent most of my life in

Fast rising singer, Alvin Tolani Osungade, a.k.a Sojiii, has grown from

an up and coming artiste to become a music sensation to reckon with

both in Africa and in diaspora- Canada, America and Europe; as he has

been topping music charts since he released his official debut single

‘Tombo’, accompanied by an exotic visual, shot in Canada by Seed Visuals.

Co-produced by Fresco Rhodes, the song topped music charts for 7-

straight days after its debut on iTunes and apple music chart in the first

week of release; a great record achieved for the first time by a contemporary

afro-beats artiste based outside the continent and in Canada.

The song also made it to the number 3 spot on Top Ten Nigerian Music

hosted on the beat 99.9fm Lagos.

Just few months ago, Sojiii signed a record deal with AMG (AY Media

Group), a Canadian based record label and Media Company and today,

he is enjoying the spotlight of mainstream media and a fast growing fan base spread across

several continents.

According to the CEO of AY Media Group, Imole-Ayo Ade-Tumi Adeosun, the label’s goal is to discover

young talents from Africa, develop them into world class entertainers cum music exports and Sojiii is the first

beneficiary of this plan and AMG’s flagship artiste.

“As more talents are about to be launched with AMG platform, we will like to announce that AMG newly

signed Nest Json, aka Daddy J, in March 2019, and his dropping his anticipated single ‘Pere’, sometime in

April 2019. AMG is different from all other labels due to the fact that everyone under the label is treated like

family and the artistes are not restricted in any way, enabling them to reach their highest potential”, he said.

Miami, Florida, owning several

strip clubs in Jacksonville Florida,

Toronto and Caracas Venezuela and

having returned, I felt the ultimate

gentlemen club experience should

be introduced to Nigeria.”

Speaking further, Big Slim

stressed that Silver Fox founded

since 2014 has become a force to

reckon with on the Adult Nightlife

scene with an outstanding track

record and international

recognition. He said that the brand

is focused on making sure it is

versatile enough in the delivery of

premium and exquisite nightlife

services, to keep expanding its

reach as it gains more

acceptance. “We move with the

trends. Strip Clubs are part of the

hip-hop culture and it’s my objective

to change Africa with that same

attitude. With 26 years of

experience in this game, we have

been consistent. At any given

time, we have up to 50 dancers in

rotation which maintains the

excitement level. We also have

various VIP rooms that ensure your

utmost privacy,” Big Slim added.


I fear that Yoruba, Igbo, Hausa,

other languages may go into

self-induced extinction

— Oba Ajayi Michael

In a lecture on culture delivered by Oba

Michael Ajayi, the Elerinmo of Erinmo, during

the Culture Fair Week of the College of

Humanities, Redeemer’s University, Ede,

Osun State, he stressed the importance of

culture in a global village. Excerpts:



imagine you have

appropriated this topic to me

in recognition of my present

office as a custodian of culture and

a Yoruba traditional ruler, especially

one who has passed through the

four walls of a university graduating

at the age of 20 years about three

decades ago. I will not pretend to

assume the roles of our professors

and academics here seated. I will

try, however, to do justice to the topic

from my own perspective as a

Yoruba monarch.

For ease of discussion, let us

understand the following about


In sub-Saharan Africa, people

and culture are inseparable since

there is no denial of the fact that

what makes any human society is

its culture; a Latin word which was

derived from “colore” meaning to

practice or cherish.

Generally speaking, culture is the

culmination of accepted norms of

social behavior found in human

societies. In common parlance,

culture is often used to refer

specifically to the symbolic activities

used by an ethnic group (or any

homogeneous group) to distinguish

themselves visibly from each other.

Such cultures are transmitted

through social learning in human

societies from one generation to the


For instance, I am certain that the

visioneers of this institution set it up

based on certain basic principles

they are known for and hence this

institution has its own culture

unique to it. Some institutions even

have dress codes and so on. Simply

put, culture is the set of customs,

traditions and values of a society or

community, such as an ethnic group

or nation like the Yorubas; it is the

set of knowledge acquired over time

describing specific practices within

a sub group of a society. Looking at

the Yorubas, respect for elders is a

major part of our culture hence male

prostrate while females knee to

greet, this as you know is not the

same with other ethnic nationalities

even in present day Nigeria. That

is why we pride ourselves as


For a society to be societal it must

be cultural; therefore, society and

culture are also intertwined. In the

same vein, going by the theory of

environmental determinism, the

culture of any society is largely

dictated by its geography. Put

another way, there is conspicuous

sociological interplay among the

concepts of culture, nurture, and


Culture refers to the cumulative

deposit of knowledge, experience,

beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings,

hierarchies, religion, notions of

time, roles, spatial relations,

concepts of the universe, and

material objects and possessions

acquired by a group of people in the

course of generations through

individual and group striving.

Culture in its broadest sense is a

cultivated behavior; that is, the

totality of a person’s learned,

accumulated experience which is

socially transmitted, or more briefly,

behavior through social learning. A

culture is a way of life of a group of

people—the behaviors, beliefs,

values, and symbols that they

accept, generally without thinking

about them, and that are passed

along by communication and

imitation from one generation to the


Culture is symbolic

communication. Some of its

symbols include a group’s skills,

knowledge, attitudes, values, and

motives. The meanings of the

symbols are learned and

deliberately perpetuated in a

society through its institutions.

The culture of a people is their

identity as it affords them due

recognition. It is their underlying

distinguishing factor from other

peoples and cultures. In fact, all

societies across the globe have

various and divergent cultures

which they cherish and practice.

Nevertheless, no

two cultures,

when juxtaposed

are absolutely

identical as

attested to by

ethnographers. In

order for a society

to operate

functionally and

effectively, they

must ensure and

maintain strict

and constant

adherence to the

v a r i o u s

components of

their culture.

Culture is that

complex whole

which includes


belief, arts,

morals, customs,

laws and other


which are

learned, shared by

men as members

of society, and

transmitted from

one generation to

another. Culture has two essential

qualities: first, it is learned and

second, it is shared. Sociologically,

many activities of members of any

society such as eating, music,

dancing, occupation, education

(formal, informal, and informal),

visiting friends, courtship, marriage

(its forms and types), beliefs

(festivals and liturgies), naming and

burial ceremonies, entertaining

friends and guests, greetings, and

system of government, are all found

within the confine of nonmaterial

culture which is the exclusive

preserve and concern of this study.

The global


incursion has

affected the

usual cultural

means of

dressing that

we are

known for

•Oba Ajayi Michael

Material aspect of culture, which

comprises the physical and

touchable implements or objects

such as wears, computer, spoon, pot,

cup, cutlass, building, phone, and

sandal, is also invaluable and


Culture and Globalization

The term global village was

coined by Marshall McLuhan, a

Canadian philosopher, in the

beginning of the 1960s. He had a

vision of


reducing the size

of the globe to that

of a village, with


floating freely and


from one end to the

other. Therefore,

the term global

village represents

the concept of

simplifying of the

whole world into

one village

through the use of

electronic media

b r i n g i n g


people and

activities together

outside the realm

of physical


In our global

village, we need to

embrace new

experiences —

realize that it

takes dozens of

communities and

hundreds of years

for each culture to evolve and

develop its own values, morals,

business practices and ethics. As our

multicultural environments expand,

often our nonverbal differences

such as social, educational and

economic discrepancies, power

dynamics and spiritual beliefs,

become the leverage for our


Since culture connects every

aspect of life, doing business on a

global basis requires a good

understanding of different cultures.

For instance, in the Western world,

a handshake is a sign of a successful

business discussion or transaction

whereas in the Middle East, the

same handshake means serious

business is about to commence.

Anyone who intends to enjoy a

warm welcome will have to take

steps to understand the cultural

expectations of his clients or

business partners or hosts.

Let us review the effects of

globalization on a few aspects of

culture below:

Language – In this modern day,

we can easily notice a situation

where our traditional language has

been modified or totally abandoned

by our children who now feel more

comfortable speaking and adopting

some other widely spoken

languages. If this drift is not

curtailed, we will get to a point

where indigenous languages

(Yoruba, Igbo, Hausa, among

others) will go into natural selfinduced


Dressing – Another aspect of our

culture being adversely affected is

our traditional mode of dressing. The

global village incursion has affected

the usual cultural means of dressing

that we are known for, hence while

we Africans are desperately

replacing our traditional African

clothing, non-Africans fancy our

attires and admire them when the

opportunity arises.

Religion – Our African traditional

religion has been most affected by

colonization, then subsequently by

globalization. Many of us no longer

remember who we were and from

what religious background we have

come, most have merely embraced

what they find convenient and


Telecommunication – We must

admit that the technological

development in the world has

positively influenced our people.

The local illiterate farmer in my

village whose son has bought him

a phone is now able to communicate

with his son who is thousands of

kilometers away in America, I am

also able to speak to and see my

kids on video real time. This is a

positive influence of the technology

on us.

Trade and Commerce – With the

global village trade has been made

easier through non visual

communication and this has

brought millions of potential buyers

to producers some of whom are in

remote villages around the world.

Behavioral Patterns - Knowledge,

as they say, is power. It is now easy

for people to acquire knowledge. We

have equally witnessed the

unabashed promotion of habits,

behavioural patterns and even

sexual preferences, hitherto

unthinkable anywhere in the world.

Has it not become commonplace to

find people expending hard-earned

resources on sex change? All of a

sudden, same sex intimacy and

marriage, even bestiality have

become the norm across our world.

The world itself is in crisis, so is

Nigeria. Perhaps, only once since

God created the world has humanity

witnessed the level of moral

decadence currently ravaging

cultures across the globe. That

record was in the bible times, when

angels were reported to have

descended from their ethereal

abodes in heaven to have canal

relationship with the daughters of

men! The scriptures are also replete

with other accounts of immorality

such as temple prostitution, flagrant

disobedience, stubbornness, theft

and widespread violence.

I have gone this way back to show

that the vice we are contending with

is not really an innovation in human

history. The society has mostly been

in decadence, from time

immemorial. Recall that even in the

beginning, “The world was without

form and void and darkness was

upon the face of the deep.”

There must be hope for the present

and perhaps future generations. It

must, however be emphasized from

the beginning that although my

prescription focuses on the role of

traditional institutions in this

process of rediscovery and rebirth,

our search for moral reawakening

must naturally be all inclusive and

extend to everybody.

We all have a role to play. It will

in fact be a disservice and an

exercise in self deceit to think that

only one stratum in our natural

leadership pyramid, such as the

traditional institution, holds the key

to moral rejuvenation.





From begging to banditry:

Revolt of the almajiris

No revolution is the fault of

the people but the fault of the


Goethe, 1749-1832, VAN-



revolution is underway

A in the northern states of

Nigeria. The downtrodden

constituting 99.9 per cent of

the population, hitherto docile

beggars, saying rankaindedeto

the privileged 0.1 per

cent, are sick and tired of begging.

They are now demanding

for their own share of “the

national cake” to be delivered

to them – at gun or cutlass

points. Nigeria will never be

the same again. The North is

now gradually sliding into the

dictatorship of the beggars or


As usual, Nigerian pseudosocialists,

like the original European

promoters of the idea,

had not expected the least developed

region in this country

to trigger the revolution,

just as the uprising which occurred

first in Russia and died

there as well was wrongly predicted.

Our local copy cats had

been writing and talking

about revolution in Nigeria

on the assumption that highly

educated Nigerians would

lead it. History might eventually

record that the Nigerian

revolution (and make no mistake

about it there is one on)

was spear-headed by those

with nothing to lose – no job,

no house, no family to speak

of, and no hope. For too long

there has been ample evidence

to prove that the most

difficult enemy to fight is one

who has nothing to lose. The

privileged class in Nigeria

had been busy since 1914, and

particularly since 1960, nurturing

millions of fellow citizens

who can only be described

as people without hope

living in another Nigeria from

the one inhabited by their

overfed leaders.

“There are only two families

in the world, my old grandmother

used to say, the Haves

Resignation is what kills people.

Once they've rejected resignation,

humans gain the

privilege of making humanity

their footpath—Kouta Hirano

am of an age when going

I to hospital was a common

place, it was relatively stress

free; you knew what to expect.

Depending on your presentation,

you either go to a clinic

or one of the teaching hospitals.

You were guaranteed

timely and high quality intervention,

access to efficient

health professionals and payment

for treatment was affordable.

Sadly, this is no longer

the case. The Nigerian health

care service both public and

private are cut throats and

under resourced and at times,


We now have a multi tiered

health care system according

to one’s means or no treatment

at all, because seeking treatment

or not is now more of an


Health care is now a luxury

than many cannot afford.

Almost twenty years ago, my

dad had an accident and sustained

multiple fractures that

needed a leg cast and regular

appointments at the orthopaedic

units. My father has always

and the Have-nots.” Miguel

Cervantes, 1547-1616.

It has always been a puzzle

to me why leaders – Presidents,

Governors, Ministers, Commissioners,

party leaders –

who we presumed were/are

intelligent and wise could

have individually and collectively

failed to understand that

we cannot continue to increase

the number of jobless

adults and children out of

school without eventually

reaching the breaking point.

Nigeria has one of the widest

income disparities in the

world – less than one per cent

own over seventy per cent of

the wealth. The North as a

whole is the worst – with the

North East and North West

being the absolute worst. For

as long as anybody can remember

religion has been

misused to get the vast majority

of “have-nots” to accept

their penury as an “act of Allah”.

The extremely wealthy,

even if the wealth was accumulated

by looting the public

purse got away with robbing

the masses because of the pervasive

docility. Every delinquent

individual readily was

submissive to the privileged

whose only obligation was to

give pittance to the people they

have robbed by way of alms

giving. A governor caught on

video receiving bribe shows no

remorse and even receives

presidential endorsement because

president and governor

belong to the oppressive class.

Class solidarity was always

more important than justice.

For over four decades since

first setting foot in the North, I

had wondered when the injustice

would result in absolute

rebellion. I was certain that the

system of institutionalised

serfdom could not continue for

ever. The chickens have come

home to roost in the North and

the revolt might spread all

over the country. The former

beggars have dropped their

bowls and have acquired bullets

and guns. They are now

forcing the Haves, who have

Nigerian health care


been an inpatient patient, he

does not like to be dependent

on anyone but he knew he had

to pay for treatment so that he

can recover the use of foot. He

regularly attended the fracture

clinic and had his cast removed

and recasted, for this

he paid every step of the way,

the nurse, the doctor, the cast

materials, the administrator

and so on. That was the way.

During that time, we heard

of horror stories, of people

faced with similar broken

bones, for them, it is Hobson’s

choice; to spend money they

cannot afford monthly or have

the limb amputated once and

for all. Many chose the latter.

This shouldn’t be, but this was

they were faced with. It is unimaginable

how many died of

gangrene or secondary infection

or life changing disabilities.

Some went the traditional

healers route. They had their

features broken and then recasted

(without anaesthetics)

in the attempt to metaphysically

recast the bones with potions.

One can only imagine

the outcome.

That was twenty years ago.

So you would have thought

things would have progressed

for the better. No, it has got

suppressed them to pay.

Henceforth, it will be “Your

money or your life.” The report

by DAILY TRUST a few

weeks ago is revealing. The

four most dangerous places to

be in Nigeria today from the

standpoint of kidnapping and

murder are: Zamfara, Katsina,

Kaduna and Federal Capital

Territory. President Buhari

resides in two of them.

“If there is government in

place, then it should listen to

people and address the security

challenges. We have mass

burials from time to time and

there is no sign that government

cares about what is happening.”—Catholic

Bishop of

Yola, Rev. Stephen Mamza.

To that query President Buhari

gave an answer which is

most pathetic and which tells

us all we need to know about

why we are in this mess and

may never get out of it. Read

what our leader said. Speaking

through one of his echoes,

we were told that “but for Buhari’s

efforts, Yola and other

towns in Adamawa and the

rest of the Northeast would still

be under the control of Boko

Haram”. Two reasons among

several render that rejoinder

most unpatriotic. One, there

was never a time all of the

North East or Yola were under

the control of Boko Haram.

Parts of them yes, but not the

entire region. A president does

need to stretch a small truth to

the breaking point in order to

exonerate himself. Two, on the

same day that the President’s

spokesman was uttering that

falsehood, Nigerians were informed

thus: “Gun men kill 14

in Katsina and Benue.” Nine

of the fourteen were slaughtered

in Katsina State. Under

Jonathan nobody was killed

in Katsina State and Kaduna

had not become the murder

capital of Nigeria. While the

Bishop was making a general

observation about insecurity,

Buhari and his small-minded

spokesmen turned the entire

problem to a political debate

– APC versus PDP. With such

little intellect at the top levels

of government, it is easy to

understand why Buhari might

be the last to grasp the significance

of what appears like

random violence ravaging

Nigeria now. Allow me to

present a true account of what

happened four days to Easter

last week.

“The Devil finds work for idle


I was in Suleija after venturing

into a part of Nigeria

which was once very safe but

worse. By the way, my father’s

broken leg was badly treated

until we realised that despite

changing the cast regularly,

they failed to treat the skin and

the bones. We had to treat him

for rotting wounds and it took

months to heal. He mobilises

well but with the aid of a walking


The story of access or lack

thereof, and the quality of

treatment in healthcare is

sadly, out of reach for many

and it is definitely inadequate

and it is causing needs deaths.

It is absolutely shocking and

insensitive that, the minister for

Labour and Employment, Dr.

Chris Ngige, had the guts to

say our scarce

resoureces;doctors who may

want to relocate overseas,

should go right ahead, according

to him, Nigeria has

enough medical personnel.

Yes, he said it.

This man has either been ill

informed or he is deluded or

in denial or all three.

I don’t know what part of Nigeria,

this man lives in, but he

is clueless and not worthy of

his portfolio. 1

Having said that,very rich

people do no not access local

health care services. If they did,

they would realise that: there

are not enough medical manpower

or resources.

Ngige , was responding to a

question on brain drain and

the deliberate recruitment of

Nigerian doctors by foreign

embassies in Nigeria to the

detriment of the nation’s

health sector. He should know,

as a medical doctor himself,

or so you would have thought.

Guess the truth eluded him

According to the World

Health Organization (WHO),

which has now become like the

“lion’s den” for travellers – especially

for those driving good

cars and well-dressed. Not to

test my luck, I had chartered

an old jalopy from the Motor

Park instead of the usual Camry.

We stopped at a filling station

to refuel and my eyes could

not believe what they saw. A

leading member of the National

Assembly, NASS, was sitting

in the back seat of a car which

no panel-beater would touch.

I recognised him and moved

to introduce myself and to ask

what was the matter with his

cars? Almost in tears, he told

me he was heading for Kaduna

state but he had to disguise

out of fear of being kidnapped

or murdered. He would enter

his community at night and

depart before light of dawn for

safety. His family once paid

ransom to kidnappers and he

was not ready to go through

the trauma again. He finished

with words that will live long

in my memory. “The kidnappers

we dealt with were all

graduates. They spoke good

English. They said they were

all unemployed and they too

must live somehow. Dr Dele,

The Governors of

Zamfara and Katsina

recently cried out loud

that their states were

under the control of

bandits and kidnappers.

The Presidency does not

dispute those claims

God save the North. We are in

deep trouble.”

He was not alone. I know

people who would spend every

possible week end in their

country homes in Kaduna

State until a year ago. That

was three years after Jonathan

left office and Buhari took

over. They don’t go anymore –

unless it is absolutely necessary.

The Governors of Zamfara

and Katsina recently cried

out loud that their states were

under the control of bandits

and kidnappers. The Presidency

does not dispute those

claims. The Governors of

Zamfara and Katsina under

Jonathan never cried all the

way to Abuja that their states

had been taken over by crimi-

The Nigerian health

care service both

public and private are

cut throats and under

resourced and at

times, inhumane

Nigeria has one of the highest

doctor to population ratio in

Africa. It is hard to believe isn’t

but this is a misnomer .

We know the bench mark in

Sub-Saharan Africa is pegged

so low ,so the figure is nothing

to crow about.

What is the global recommendation

for optimal health

delivery? Well, it is one doctor

to 600 population.

According to the Medical

and Dental Council of Nigeria

(MDCN), there are about

72,000 nationally-registered

Nigerian doctors, with only

35,000 practising in-country!

So make of it what you will

that is over 35,000 for 200 million


Assuming all the doctors stay

and practice in Nigeria, which

is definitely not the case. So

how on earth did the minister

come up with the surplus doctors

and having no qualms of

haemorrhaging doctors to

overseas health services.

He said that there was nothing

wrong with doctors leaving

the country because,the

remittance they, in turn, grow

the economy, “No, I am not

worried (about doctors leaving

the country). We have surplus.


nals. The fact that the President’s

own state is under found anywhere. Hitherto,

nition of revolution can be

siege by gun men should they were afraid of the rich

have been embarrassing to and powerful. Henceforth, the

the people (if that is the right privileged will be afraid of

word?) at Aso Rock if commonsense

is still present Kaduna-Abuja expressway

them. It is no coincidence that


has become the frontline of

If the President’s men and battle. A good percentage of

women have taken any trouble

to collate the crime re-

elite travels through that route

the over-pampered Northern

ports daily presented by all on their way to their well-appointed

palaces. Next to that

our newspapers, they would

have discovered an alarming

correlation between un-

the newly-rich. More public

is Katsina. It is the home of

employment and serious officials from that state had

crimes in rural and urban been alleged to embezzle public

funds since Buhari be-

communities. Even the murders

seemingly committed came President than ever before.

The bandits can observe

for rituals have as their goal

acquisition of wealth by people

whose means of legiti-

and they want their share of

new mansions springing up

mate livelihood is not secure. the loot. Kidnapping will not

The North has more of them end any time soon. Like vultures,

bandits and kidnappers

and it is breeding them faster

than any other part of the can literally “smell money”.


They are not even afraid of

“The child is the father of the security forces. They fight

the man.” William Wordsworth,


select their targets. They know

back; and they can afford to

When in 2006, Dr Oby the army is over-stretched and

Ezekwesili was the Federal cannot be everywhere. Most

Minister of Education and important of all, they have

the number of millions of nothing to lose. The soldier

children out of school was who dies in conflict with them

reported, any demographer probably has a wife and children.

He really does not want

could have told President

Obasanjo that the bandits to die. The bandits have nobody

waiting for them at

and kidnappers of 2019 were

already with us waiting to home. That is the nature of

grow up and terrorise us. The the army which Nigerian

five years old boys of 2006 leaders have assembled and

are now lanky eighteen which is now launching a full

years old lads; the ten years scale assault on the country –

old have turned to men 23 especially the North. They

years old. While the very have thrown away the begging

bowl; they now confront

young might be afraid to kidnap,

rob and murder, the the rest of us with bullets and

eighteen-plus, without parental

guidance all the time, in this war for fifty years or

guns. We might be engaged

are not so squeamish. There more.

are millions of them now. THEY JUST CAN’T STOP

That is bad enough. Now we LYING.

have a new set of future delinquents

– ten to thirteen house of prayer/ The Devil al-

“Wherever God erects a

millions – out of school. Most ways builds a Chapel there/

of them will live to reach And, it will be found upon examination/

The latter has a

eighteen and above. Millions

of their older brothers larger congregation. Daniel

identified in 2006 will still Defoe, 1661-1731.

be alive when the fresh crop Buhari meant well when he

of idle hands gets set to be tried to achieve religious balance

in the appointments of

engaged by Satan. The numbers

will swell and the security

forces will never be able speak about Muslims. But, the

his closest officials. I cannot

to cope with the deluge of President must have inadvertently

strayed into the Devil’s

criminals unless we do

something urgently. chapel to select his Christian

The problem is national. advisers. The Pastors in Aso

But, the North is now experiencing

a revolt of the beg-

worshippers of Satan ever to

Rock are probably the worst

gars. They no longer wait patiently

at the gates of the few that the FG bought millions

enter the Rock. One claimed

wealthy people in their communities.

They now have set ers wonder where he got the

of cows to feed the kids. Farm-

about redistributing wealth cattle from since none of theirs

by violence. No better defi- was bought.

If you have surplus, you export.

It happened some years

ago here. I was taught chemistry

and biology by Indian

teachers in my secondary

school days.

“There are surplus in their

country and we also have

surplus in the medical profession

in our country. I can

tell you this. In my area, we

have excess.

Serioursly,did he understand

the question? He

asked ,“Who said we don’t

have enough doctors? We

have more than enough. You

can quote me. There is nothing

wrong in them travelling

out. When they go abroad,

they earn money and send

them back home here. Yes,

we have foreign exchange

earnings from them and not

just oil.”

Can he tell why we have a

high infant and maternal

mortality rate? Why are people

suffering more ill health

or lowered mortality rate if

Nigerians have enough

health personnel that it can

afford to haemorrhage essential

health workers to other

countries to the detriment

of the health of 8ts population.

The reality is medics

are leaving because of lack

of opportunities and grinding


He simply, telling the improvised

that there is no problem

and that everything us

fine and dandy because the

ineptitude of subsequent administrations

lack of investment

in prioritising health

care and resources is not a

problem! He seems to play

down Nigerians resilience as

a success and a resource for

the government coffers.

What an insult! We know that

remittance of billions of dollars

is what keeps Nigeria

afloat. This arrogance of this

minister knows no end, “Will

you call that brain drain? I

know a couple of them who

practise abroad but set up

medical centres back home.

They have CAT scan, MRI

scan which even the government

cannot maintain. So, I

don’t see any loss,” he said.

Yeah,so all these centres are

privately own and are better

sourced than the public

health centre. It has cost implications,

so if you are poor

or unemployed or have no

means ,it is out of reach of


This quite concerning, very

concerning indeed. He has no

clue on ensuring that the country

grows its economy and

provide employment for millions

of Nigerians, talk less of

safeguarding the health of the


The fact here is over decades,

thousands of Nigerians

have migrated due to inadequate,

under resources and inequitable

distribution of

health care services and manpower.

Access to health is

more in urban areas than in

villages and our reach places

meaning health outcome is

sadly unequal and health care

workers tend to seek work in

cities and towns(HRH Country

Profile: Nigeria, WHO

GHWA, 2008).

All habits are bad habits. (...)

Madness does not come by

breaking out, but by giving in;

by settling down in some dirty,

little, self-repeating circle of

ideas; by being tamed.

G.K. Chesterton.


By Esther Onyegbula

All over the world, there is

increasing incidence of

incest with fathers having

carnal knowledge of their biological


More worrisome is the fact that

the ugly trend is becoming a routine

in this part of the world as hardly a

week passes without reports of

fathers raping their daughters,

mostly teenagers, and, sometimes,

in the process, impregnating them.

Across major cities and slums,

there are tales everywhere of the

shameful act. While some victims

speak out, others don’t until it is late

because of fear, shame and stigma.

Unfortunately, only a few suspects

are prosecuted as others go


And for those who are prosecuted,

the cases are sometimes struck out

for lack of diligent prosecution, or

the victims or witnesses fail to


A few weeks ago, Ogun State

Police Command arrested a 45-yearold

man, Idowu Owolabi, for

allegedly raping his 21-year-old


Owolabi, who has three wives,

was accused of having carnal

knowledge of his daughter since

last year.

The suspect was arrested on

January 28, 2019, following a

complaint lodged by the victim at

the Divisional Police Headquarters,

Oja-Odan in Yewa South Local

Government Area of the state.

“The first time my father raped me

was when I followed him to the farm

at Fagboun village. My father

forcefully had carnal knowledge of

me right there on the farm sometime

in March 2018. Since then, my

father had continuously been having

unlawful carnal knowledge of me

with a threat that he would kill me

if I dared to tell anybody about it. It

was like living in the house of

horror”, she narrated.

On interrogation, the suspect

confessed to the crime but blamed

it on the devil.

Confirming the incident, the

spokesperson for the police in

Ogun, DSP Abimbola Oyeyemi,

said father and daughter were

resident at Papa Olosun area of Oja-


After receiving the report, the Oja-

Odan DPO, CSP Olayemi Jacob, led

detectives to the Owolabi’s

residence, where he was arrested.

“However, the Commissioner of

Police, Ahmed Iliyasu, ordered the

immediate transfer of the case to the

State Criminal Investigation and

Intelligence Department for proper

investigation and possible

prosecution of the suspect”,

Oyeyemi said.

The case is not entirely different

from another which happened in

January 2018 but, this time, in

Lagos, where a father, Segun

Durojaiye, in collaboration with his

brother, Emmanuel Durojaiye, was

arrested by the police for allegedly

raping his 16-year-old daughter for

about four years.

The suspects were charged to

court for defilement and incest

before a Yaba Chief Magistrate’s


Segun was alleged to have started

sleeping with his daughter in 2014

after she confided in him about her

uncle’s inappropriate show of


According to him, after the death

of the victim’s stepmother in the

same year, she was asked to go and

stay with her uncle who, it was

alleged, began to molest her


The victim broke her silence after

she had allegedly had a series of

abortions and was losing weight

from the trauma.


Our fathers pra

us into their sex

• Men accused of rape by o

The case was reported at a police

station and the suspects were

immediately arrested.

Segun was resident at Baba-Benja

Street, Oreyo area of Ikorodu, Lagos

State while Emmanuel lived at 10,

Durojaiye Street, also in the same


Dad sleeps with daughter,

impregnates her

In another case in Benin-City, a

17-year-old girl, Gift Alonge, who

was allegedly impregnated by her

father, Jacob Alonge, lost her life in

a car accident alongside three


Gift was allegedly impregnated in

2017 by Alonge who then forced her

to procure crude abortion before

impregnating her again in 2018.

The sexually abused victim, her

uncle, Mr. Ukere Adagbogu, and

two members of Brave Heart

Initiative, BHI, Rhoda Braimoh and

Promise Ezekiel, lost their lives in

an accident while on their way from

Igarra to attend a court sitting in

Benin-City to get justice.

Gift’s father, who made a

confessional statement at Ososo

Police Division, Benin-City ahead

of being arraigned in court, and had

pleaded guilty to the charges of

rape and procuring illegal abortion,

immediately changed his plea of

‘guilty’ to ‘not guilty’ when it was

clear that the key witnesses in the

case were no longer alive to testify

on January 16, 2019, when the court

was to pass its sentence.

Case closed.

Before then, specifically in 2014,

a 14-year-old girl narrated how her

father allegedly pounced on her and

raped her until she could no longer

walk upright at the Oyingbo area

of Lagos.

The victim, simply identified as

Uzor, said her father raped her on

December 2, 2014 at their home

located at 4, Akintunde Street,

Oyingbo until she found it difficult

to walk.

The victim said the suspect raped

her around 6:30am after she went

to live with him.

Uzor explained that she had been

living with an aunt at Ikorodu after

the demise of her mother until her

father came to take her away.

It was within few days of living

with her father, according to her, that

the man raped her.

Fighting back tears, Uzor said: “I

wanted to shout, but his weight was

too much for me.

“My father is fat and I was


struggling to breath. I was

struggling to push him off.”

According to Uzor, after her

mother died, she went to stay with

her mum’s elder sister at Ogijo area

of Ikorodu. The woman was

expected to assist the girl in

furthering her education, but she

did not.

The victim added: “My aunt did

not enrol me in school. I used to

hawk pepper and tomato for her. My

father was not pleased that my aunt

did not enrol me in school. “He

threatened to take me away. He

eventually came and took me to his


Recalling how she was raped, she

said: “I was in the room sleeping

when my father called me to warm

soup in the kitchen.

“Few minutes later, he called me

to meet him in the bedroom. I

thought he wanted to punish me

when he called me because I was

always scared of him and my step

mother. They treated me bad.”

Man tests daughters’


In a 2015 case, a 40-year-old

driver, Okon Jimmy Amah, from

Mkpat Enin Local Government

Area of Akwa Ibom State, who

allegedly turned his two teenage

daughters into sex objects, always

raping them without using

condoms, said he was checking if

the girls were still virgins.

According to one of the girls who

previously lived with her mother in

Benin-City, Edo State, until April 9,

2015, when she decided to visit her

father in Uyo, it was after she got

there that her father turned her into

his lover.

She said: “My father started

soliciting for sex from me. In fact,

that April, my father forcefully had

sexual intercourse with me in our

small room. He had sex with me in

the middle of the night. He has had

sex with me several times. I have

lost count of the number of times he


had sex with me”.

Apparently sick of the life she had

been subjected to and hungry for a

person to share her pains, the victim

broke her silence and poured out

her heart to a neighbour who took

the matter to Akwa Ibom State

Ministry of Women Affairs and

Social Welfare.

The second daughter alleged that

she was 11 years old when her

father started having sex with her.

She said: “My father returned

home one day and called me to a

quiet place. He asked me whether

I had ever had sex with a man

before. I said no. He said he would

be the first man to have sex with


“I was shocked. I wanted to say

something, but he shouted at me to

shut up. When it was midnight, my

father raped me. I cried and felt

ashamed. He raped me, not once,

not twice. He raped me several

times. One day, my mother heard

me crying, she came to me. I told

her the little I could. My mum was



ctically turned


wn daughters


angry. “But my father didn’t stop

having sex with me. My mum

knows about it”.

According to Amah, he continued

to have sex with his daughters

because his second wife, who lived

with him, denied him of sex.

“Yes, I slept with my daughters in

the bedroom room while my wife

was sleeping in the sitting room.

My wife was down with malaria.

She had been ill for a week and was

denying me sex. That is why I

solicited for sex from my

daughters”, the suspect said.

“Apart from the fact that my second

wife starved me of sex, I suspected

that my daughters weren’t virgins,

but when I tried to do it with one of

them, I discovered that she had

never had sex. At that point, I


Meanwhile when Amah was

arraigned in court on a three - count

charge of incest, carnal knowledge

and assault, contrary to Section 242

and 364 of the Criminal Code, Laws

of Akwa Ibom State, the case was

struck out for lack of diligent


When the matter, with suit number

HU/65 C/2016, came up before

Justice Okon Okon of the State


My father started soliciting

for sex from me. In fact, that

April, my father forcefully

had sexual intercourse with

me in our small room

High Court in Uyo, on July 14, 2016,

there was no witness to testify

against the accused person.

Defence counsel, Harrison

Ernest, subsequently argued that

the matter be struck out.

Devil at work

Suspected incestuous fathers

sometimes blame the devil for the


For instance, 41-year-old Sikiru

Odejide, who was arrested by the

police in Ogun in June 2017 for

allegedly sleeping with his 13-yearold

daughter since December 2016,

said the devil was responsible for

his plight.

Odejide said, “It was the devil that

led me into sleeping with my


Police spokesperson Oyeyemi

disclosed that the arrest of the

suspected randy father came after

a complaint lodged by the victim’s

mother, who had been separated

from the man.

The victim’s mother, according to

the spokesperson, said her

daughter came to her house to

inform her that her father had been

having carnal knowledge of her

since December 2016 with a threat

to kill her if she dared to tell

anybody about it.

“She further complained to her

mother that she could no longer

bear the frequent sexual assault

from her father, hence she decided

to inform her mother”.

In another case reported in Niger

State, the police arrested one Basiru

Audu for allegedly sexually abusing

his own daughter in his house

located at London Street, Minna,

the state capital.

30-year-old Audu was accused of

sneaking into the children’s room

and sexually abusing the girl when

the wife travelled to their home

town, Daura, Katsina State.

The suspect, in a statement he

made to the police, said that he had

been having sex with underage

girls before he sexually abused his

own daughter.

“I blame my wife for not being

around whenever I needed sex. She

travels a lot and that is why I had to

sleep with my daughter; what a

shameful thing”, he said. “That

night, I had the urge to have sex and

since my wife was not around, I had

no option but to sleep with my

daughter to ease off tension”.

He was arrested after neighbours

observed that the victim was

walking awkwardly and, on

inquiry, were informed by the girl

that her father “put something in her

private part.”

Niger State Police Command’s

Public Relations Officer,

Muhammad Abubakar, said the

suspect confessed to the crime and

regretted his action.

In yet another incident in Lagos,

the police arrested one Uchenna

Tony Ehumadu for allegedly raping

his 15-yr-old daughter after his wife

caught him in the act.

Ehumadu’s wife told the police

that whenever she was on night

duty, her hubby mostly used the

opportunity to have sex with their


In a related case, in December

2018, the police, also in Lagos,

paraded 58-year-old Johnson Okon

who allegedly raped his daughter

when his wife went out.

The 14-year-old victim (names

withheld), who confided in her

mother after the alleged incident,

narrated, “It was in our house at

Charismatic Road, Berger, Ikorodu

that my father raped me. My mother

was not around when the incident

happened, so when she returned, I

confided in her so that she could take


“But to my greatest dismay, my

mother blamed me, scolded me and

warned me seriously not to mention

anything like that to anyone. I really

don’t know if she didn’t believe me

or she was trying to protect my


“So I had to run away from the

house, to where I felt safe.”

Girls flee

Like the 14-year-old, many sexual

abused victims flee from home to

avoid their fathers.

One of such victims, Timothy

Idowu, a teenager, had to pack out

of her father’s apartment in

Aradagun, Badagry to put up with

a family friend in Ikotun area of

Lagos who contacted the police.

The victim said she could not bear

it anymore as her father raped her

several times. She said anytime the

family slept at night, the father

would sneak into her room and rape


The victim, who was in Senior

Secondary Class 2 at the time of the

incident, stated, “My father

deflowered me several months ago

and he had been raping me since

then. Whenever he did it, he would

clean up the mess and warn me not

to tell anybody.”

On Thursday, June 23, 2016,

Idowu was arrested by the police.


Stakeholders are worried about

the rampant cases of incest in the


Edo State Commissioner for

Women Affairs and Social

Development, Mrs. Magdalene

Ohenhen, for instance, expressed

concern over rising cases of men

having sex with their daughters.

Ohenhen, who spoke during a

protest organised in Benin-City to

denounce the scourge, said, “It’s a

very sad situation. Edo State is

becoming something else and the

earlier we stop it, the better for us.

It is becoming a normal thing in Edo

State for men to impregnate their

own daughters”.

She cited the case of a man who

slept with his own daughter for over

10 years before the case was


Urging men to desist from the act,

she added, “It is time we stopped

this insanity. Edo State forbids it, it

is a taboo. We are begging Edo men

to stop sleeping with their

daughters, it is an abomination”.

Also speaking on the issue, a

former Public Relations Officer,

Zone 2 Command, CSP Dolapo

Badmus, said, “Incest is against the

law of the land. A man who is caught

having sex with his daughter can

be charged with incest, defilement

and sexual harassment. We have

arrested a number of them, charged

them to court while some of them

are under prosecution.

“I don’t agree with the school of

thought that incest is on the

increase. What we have is

awareness; children are now

exposed and they understand how

to go about their cases.

“Also there are NGOs everywhere

providing people with the

opportunity to report these cases to

the appropriate quarters. Also the

accessibility of the police is another

factor. Victims can easily access the

police. It is awareness that has


PAGE 20 — SUNDAY Vanguard, APRIL 28, 2019

Is the bad economy enough reason

to ‘Go on the Game’?

As to be expected, the cur

rent economic melt-down

has created a lot of people

who grapple with he menace

of the credit crunch – not only

have they lost their jobs, the prospect

of finding any other, not to

talk of one commensurate in remunerations

is zilch! When

Eunice, a personnel director of an

insurance company was asked to

reduce the work force by a third,

she felt like a real hatchet man.

“It was a most heart-wrenching

experience dolling out retrenchment

letters and watching the

bleak expressions on the faces of

staff who have lost their jobs”, she

said sadly. A few weeks later, I

was her turn to get the dreaded

`golden handshake’. In her

wildest dreams, she never seven

believed she would get the chop.

“One morning”, she alleged,

“my boss called me into a meeting.

`I’m sorry’, he said, not

quite catching my eyes, `the

company’s in a bad shape here

as you know. We have to let you

go’. I drove home in a terrified

daze. I’d come to work that

morning with an official driver.

Now, I had to drive myself home

as the driver too had got the

sack! How could this happen

to me with no previous official

warning. How were we going to

cope, feed the kids and keep a

roof over our heads! We needed

my salary to meet the mortgage

payment and the children’s

school fees. The kids were in a

very expensive schools and I was

panicky. My redundancy

money wouldn’t last forever.

My husband’s business had depended

heavily on bank loans

that he often quickly paid back

but now that the banks are being

whipping into shape, the

loans have simply dried up. He

was as shocked as I was by my

redundancy and I tried to be

sympathetic as I made efforts to

get a job – any sort of job.

“Then a friend approached

me to start a sort of financial

consultancy. We would work

from her home by sourcing for


08056180152, SMS only


capital for budding businesses.

It was hard going at first, and I

was too proud to accept I’d

failed. So, I contacted mostly

business associates from my insurance

years. I never used to understand

why people suffered

from depression, because I always

thought that if you knew

things were bad, you’d soon

change them for the better. As I

hit the brick wall with most of

my contacts, a friendly one asked

out of the blues if I wanted lunch

in his office. I’d had so many

failures that I was frustrated

enough to give things a go. After

all, my proposal with him was at

stake. If I wasn’t happy with what

he had to say, I’d leave, it was as

simple as that.

He was a nice man, in his fifties

with sexy greying hair, a bit

of a paunch and a friendly smile.

He made my visit much easier

than I’d expected. What surprised

me the most was the speed with

which things happened. If it were

a real date for instance, there

would be a long intimate buildup,

lots of chatting, kisses and

foreplay. But this one wasn’t

interested in all that – he told

me he had less than an hour to

get back to the pile of files on

his table. So, within minutes

of arriving, I was completely

naked and we were about to

have sex. At first, I just found

it really weird. It was odd having

sex with a virtual stranger,

but he had positive sides I

could focus on which made he

whole encounter less sordid –

on top of which was his word

that I would get the contract.

“From then on, it became

easier to have `lunch’ with a

few of my contacts. One or two

have now become regulars.

Others were one-offs. Some of

these men are heavy weights’

in the society and quite goodlooking,

some are rude, but

I’m lucky so far that a lot of

them have kept their promises

and as soon as most of our

debts are cleared, I will stop


When Jumi got admitted into

one of the universities, she was

ecstatic. “When I was growing

up”, she explained, “my dream

was to make a name in the fashion

industry, and my admission

was a step towards achieving

my goal. I was just 20, pretty,

slim and had many friends. In

my naivety; I started to feel a

bit invincible. But when I arrived

at the university, everything

started going wrong. Most

of the girls on my course were

really lovely – and from welloff

families. Some shopped

abroad and carried the latest

`it’ bags and knew about all the

leading fashion houses. In contrast,

I was from a small town

and my style was more second –

hard `grade, As’’ than glossy

and well groomed.

‘It was as if I’d come from another

planet. I withdrew into

myself and became disheartened.

On my first holiday home,

my friends didn’t behave quite

the same as I noticed. They believed

I was not a bit more su-

perior. Determined not to sink

back to the level of a ‘town girl’

I agreed to go on “dates” that

were so common on campus, especially

the ones organised by

worldly-wise girls with their

‘aristo’ money bags. It was

plain prostitution, and if I

wanted to buy the expensive

books and clothes I needed to

get by, it would be a small price

to pay. You may think all the

reasons I’ve given are lame excuses

for deciding to sell my

body. But the truth is that taking

my destiny in my hands actually

turned my life around. I

had a focus and I told myself,

I’d only do it for as long as it

took to pay-off my bills at the


“I stopped as soon as I graduated

and had enough money to

set up my own business. Now I

love my new life and I’ve never

once felt ashamed of how I got

where I am today. In fact, more

students than we want to admit

turn to prostitution to pay their

massive debts. The way I see it

is that I made a smart business

decision,. And it saved my life.

So, what’s there to feel guilty

about …?” Are our women getting

too hard-hearted” I was

still mulling over the blatant

declaration of these women

when a friend of mine called.

“Have you heard of the number

of women who `share’ their

good fortunes with her friends?”

She asked in between our chat.

`What do you mean?’ I wanted

to know, ears perked. “Three of

four women could now share the

prowess of a stud, that’s all”. So

what was new? We already knew

of gigolos who go after rich

women. `Are you listening’, she

asked impatiently. According to

her: “These women are friends

and well connected. As soon as

one of them gets on to a good

stud, she calls another in a

group to inform her to expect

new find. “O dun b’áje’ she coos,

meaning `he’s as tasty as hell’.

So on trots super stud to his next

customer until he does the

round of all four or five and is

well rewarded for services well


I took this news with a shovel

full of salt as I recounted its

probability with an older male

friend I always use as a sounding

board. ‘Of course, it goes

on all the time’, he agrees. ‘At

say 40 upwards, most men are

rearing to go and wifey is too

busy running the home, looking

after the kids and holding

down a job. Where else would

such husband and single adventurous

men find solace but in

the arms of bored women with

money to burn and less than

their ration of sex? They (the

women) are always a delight to

be with – they scream and yell

and are grateful as hell! In

short, the man gets handsomely

compensated by making his

clients purr like a well-tuned

engine – both sides to the contract

are happy end of the credit

crunch for him and a fulfilling

sex-life for the mama kes”.


OUR column to express your loving

thoughts in words to your sweetheart. Don’t

be shy. Let it flow and let him or her know how

dearly you feel. Write now in not more than 75 words

to: The Editor, Sunday Vanguard, P.M.B. 1007,

Apapa, Lagos. E.mail: sundaylovenotes@yahoo.com

Please mark your envelope: “LOVE NOTES"

The Oceaner

Life is like a voyage in an ocean.

All around blueness inundates the farther.

An island ahead just saves the day.

I stop over for an hour’s rest…

Hours become days, then weeks,

Then months, then years, then the waters.

Love is like a tour in an ocean.

You are the island in my vast blueness,

The reason I forget I am lost.

Kingsley Alumona



What are your plans for her?

What are the plans you have for her if you want

her be your wife?

Don't just take things for granted. If you love her,

you can just go ahead and tell her before another

person tells her and give her the attention that she

desires.Then you will find yourself to blame if you

do not take the necessary steps to win her

to your side now

Michael Adedotun Oke



SUNDAY Vanguard, APRIL 28, 2019, PAGE 21

S p o n s o r s h i p /


•Tom resides in Obalende

area of Lagos, needs kind

hearted Nigerians to help

him with the sum of N50,

000, to enable him rent a

shop as temporal

accommodation, acct

3445322015, FCMB

Bank, Tom I. Anthony.


•Rose 24, needs financial

assistance to open a Spa

shop in Abuja.


•Ndidi 21, from Anambra

State, needs help to raise

her children.



Searching Female

•Amanda 22, slim, tall, fair

in complexion and resides

in Abuja, needs male and

female friends who can

assist her financially.



Searching Male

•Ola, 34, resides in Asaba,

Delta State, needs a lady,

either a widow or single

mother, who also resides in

Asaba as a casual friend.



Searching Female

•Karen 22, beautiful a final

year student of Uniben,

resides in Benin, needs a

hardworking, self

employed man, aged 28-

32, for a relationship, that

can lead to marriage

serious minded guys



•Joy learned Igbo by tribe,

a Pentecostal, with good

potentials, needs a

genuine rich widower, with

few children, who is God

fearing, tall, lovely homely,

handsome, and educated

man, aged 40 and above,

for a serious relationship

that can lead to marriage.


•Trichia, 29, fair, tall, bursty

and beautiful with an

alluring backside, needs a

caring, mature man to call

her own.09060829348

•A lady, from Delta State,

needs a serious minded

man, aged 35-40, for a


•Beauty from Ebonyi State,

needs a God fearing,

loving and financially ok,

Igbo man, aged 30-38, for

a serious relationship that

can lead to marriage.


Searching Male

•Chuks, 45, dark

incomplexion, and a

businessman, needs an

employed lady, for

marriage. 09024080923

•Michael 37, resides in

Lagos, needs a good

looking and employed

lady, who is seriously ready

for marriage.


•Boatman from Anambra

State needs a lady, aged 23-

33, for a relationship, that

will lead to marriage.


•Tai 28, businessman in

Lagos, needs a God fearing

lady for a relationship.


Dear readers, please note that we neither operate, nor are we an affiliate of any match–making agency in

or outside the country. Any reader who transacts business with any one claiming to be our agent does

so at his/her own risk. Our mission is only to provide a platform for social networking.

Also note that neither Vanguard, nor Yetunde Arebi will be liable for any error in the publication of

requests which may result in any form of embarrassment to any member of the public. We therefore

request that text must be sent through at least one of the numbers for contact. This notice is necessary to

enable us serve you better in our refreshingly different style. You can send your requests to 33055. For

enquiries, text or call 08026651636, or 08054700825


•Peter 30,from Edo State,

but resides in River State,

needs a lady,that can make

him happy, for a


•David 36, handsome, God

fearing, an engineer,

resides in Port Harcourt, but

lost his job since 2017,

needs a lady as a wife, aged

21-36, who is employed

and can stand by him.


•Chike 42, a graduate,

from Imo State, but resides

in Port Harcourt, needs a

lady, that is God fearing, self

employed, financially

independent, aged 25-36,

for a serious relationship

that can lead to marriage.

09067082139, e-mail


•Henry 32, employed,

needs a hardworking and

industrious lady, who is fair


educated, genotype AA

and Igbo by tribe, for a

serious relationship that

will lead to marriage.


•Jeremiah 35, employed

from Bayelsa State, but

resides in Rivers State Port

Harcourt, needs a serious

and matured lady, aged 25-

33, for a relationship, strictly

for a serious minded lady,

preferably from Delta, Edo,

Abuja, Cross Rivers, Akwa

Ibom and Port Harcourt.


•Chukwu 38, slim, fair in

complexion, sincere, God

fearing, from Enugu State,

needs a lady that is

educated, employed, self

employed or into business,

for a relationship that will

lead to marriage.


•Oyeleye 45, needs a

Yoruba lady, who is a

Muslim, aged 25-35, for


•Johnson 30, employed

and resides in Uyo, needs

a lady, aged 23 and above,

who is a graduate,

Christian,employed and

willing to get married.


•Olushola 35, employed,

from Ibadan, but resides in

Uyo, Akwa Ibom State,

needs an employed Christian

Yoruba lady, aged 25-32, for






Sugar Cares

Searching Male

•Shaggy 35, adorable, fun to

be with, needs a rich sugar

mummy, aged 38-55, who

can shower him with love and



•Danjuma from Warri, needs

a sugar mummy that can take

care of him, for a


•Greg in resides in

Anambra State, needs a

sugar mummy.





Please I need a pill or

medicine that will totally

suppress my sexual urges. I

am seriously doomed now. I

have sex with any woman

that comes around me

including people’s wives.

My friends accuse me of

being possessed and all the

prayer sessions I have been

involved in have not helped.

The worst part of it is that a

few months from now, I will

be ordained a catholic priest.

Many girls have aborted

babies for me. Even in the

pastoral school that I

attended to be a priest, I

have converted almost all of

them into concubines that I

have sex with from my cook

to the bursar, the computer

woman and youth corper.

God wants me to serve him

and I have no plans to marry

– Frank

You don’t need a pill or anything

like that to fix you. From

everything that you have told me,

we both know that you are not

ready to be a priest.So just leave

that place before you do further

damage to the image of catholic

priests which is already damaged,

thanks to the epidemic of child

sexual molestation in the church.

Stop torturing yourself trying to

be something that you are not.

Leave that seminary and go and

be a regular guy with ten

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many ways you can serve God.

Priesthood is not for you and you

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Virtual Media.



Devil in the details!

•Cultists defy Wike, police; kill rivals,

display heads in public square

•‘How kidnappers of NEMA officials struck’

Human heads are displayed by suspected cultists at community

square as gory killings continue in Rivers State, notwithstanding the

stern warning by Governor Nyesom Wike to deal ruthless with anyone

caught in the act.

started on Wednesday, compelled heavy

police deployment to the area to contain the


The monarch further narrated that the police

had raided a popular scrap market dominated

by non-natives following information that

they attacked other non-native residents.

Eze Worinwu stated that the police visited

the scrap market and found some dangerous

weapons, adding that at the discovery of the

alleged illegal arms, the suspects sparked

another crisis, this time an attack on the

policemen which left two of them (police)


Also speaking, David Eleto, Youth President

of Iriebe community, disclosed that the now

volatile scrap market sprang from a state

government abandoned housing project,

which, according to him, currently

provides cover for criminality by some

non-natives against fellow residents.

Eleto called on government to look into

the abandoned property turned into scrap

market and complete it as originally


The Youth Leader complained about how

people had been attacked at gun point at the

uncompleted building.

By Egufe Yafugborhi

and Davies Iheamnachor

VIOLENT gangs, which resumed

spate of killings, terrorising

residents in flash-points across

Rivers State post-2019 elections, have

apparently not been deterred by warnings

from Governor Nyesom Wike and the state

Police Command to deal ruthlessly with

anyone caught in the growing criminality.

Determined to kill, maim and kidnap for

ransom, four persons in their early 20s,

were, on Tuesday, said to have been

beheaded in Rumuji, Emohua Local

Government Area, LGA, as two rival cult

groups, Deygbam and Icelanders,

allegedly clashed in unending supremacy

war in the locality.

The development ruptured fragile peace

enjoyed by residents of the area.

Many, who are terrified, are said to be

moving out of Rumuji.

A source, who related the development

to Sunday Vanguard, noted that the killers

invaded the community under heavy

gunfire, visiting homes and killing their


The source, who couldn’t say who were

the aggressors and the targets among the

cult groups in the area, explained that the

killers displayed the heads of their four

victims for public view at the town square.

Kidnappers as much busy

While shocked residents shivered over

the gory killing of the Rumuji 4, armed

kidnappers, same Tuesday, abducted four

officials of the National Emergency

Management Agency, NEMA, around

Oduoha Junction, Emohua LGA.

Those abducted include a woman and

three men, according to a source who

further narrated, “One of the NEMA staff

members, who was shot in the leg, escaped

being kidnapped alongside his colleagues

as he feigned death. He has been admitted

at an undisclosed health centre for medical


“The abducted officials had been

travelling in a van that was not in good

condition and even broke down several

times on their way. A private car of one of the

officials came to their rescue to continue the

journey before the incident.”

Zonal Coordinator, NEMA in Port Harcourt,

Walson Branden, who described the situation

as disheartening, confirmed that the

unfortunate NEMA officials were returning

to Port Harcourt from a trip to Abua Odual

LGA. Their mission was to do the enumeration

of farmers affected by recent flooding or

conflicts for the purpose of rehabilitating them

through the National Emergency Agricultural

Intervention Fund under the National Food

Security Program of the Federal Government

spanning 18 states.

Branden said, “We were in touch,

communicating with them up to a point. We

suddenly couldn’t get through to them. We

had to go to the police to report but, at this

point, we are stuck on what actually

happened. They were five in number. The fifth

victim is with us, assisting in our interaction

with the police in terms of information that

could aid the rescue of the four others.”

Volatile axis

Two days after, specifically Thursday

evening, armed men blocked Emohua axis of

the East/West Road in separate robbery and

kidnap operations.

A bus belonging to a mass transit company

was allegedly attacked by gunmen on a road

now nicknamed ‘Sambisa Forest’ in one of the


The bus was said to have been riddled with

bullets while the driver, identified as Jonah

Sokolo, was shot dead following his alleged

refusal to open the vehicle’s doors for the

bandits’ access after they had blocked the bus

on the road.

It was unconfirmed at press

time if any of the bus

occupants was kidnapped.

In the other incident, some

gunmen reportedly attacked

travellers around Rumuodogo

Junction and kidnapped some

passengers. The bandits, in

the second incident,

reportedly picked about five

persons from a van they had

attacked and forced into the

bush at gunpoint.


In Iriebe community, Obio/

Akpor LGA, violence, said to

have been provoked by nonnatives,

left three persons

dead. It was gathered that the

killing happened following a

clash between some Hausa

and Akwa Ibom residents in

the area.

Chief Clington Worinwu, a

brother of the paramount ruler

of the community, was said to

be among the victims in that

episode, resulting in the area

being deserted with businesses and other

activities grounded.

The paramount ruler of Iriebe, Eze Jeremiah

Worinwu, narrated that the crisis, which

Police: No reaction yet

Phone calls and text messages sent to DSP

Nnamdi Omoni, Rivers State Police Command

Public Relations Officer, on the incidents were

greeted with appeal to wait for a clear position

that never came at the time of filing this


Meanwhile, a security expert, who spoke

on the condition of anonymity, said, “It is

disheartening that the

police, for justifications I

can’t find, are hardly

making efforts to be

proactive. They are just

being reactive.

“They (police) wait for

A source, who

related the

development to


Vanguard, noted

that the killers

invaded the

community under

heavy gunfire,

visiting homes

and killing their


killings that could well

have been exposed and

averted to happen. It is

only after the deed is

done, people maimed

and killed that Rivers

police would tell you

they have mobilized

heavily to the flashpoint,

and probably arrest mostly

innocent suspects, when the

killers have already struck

and left the scene of crime.

“It is time the police got

proactive in sensing

danger and preventing

same thorough intelligence

before it manifests. And

they need to stop

ascribing every killing

that occurs in Rivers to

cult crisis. “Assuming

without conceding to the harping on this

usual suspect, are killer cultists invisible?

Why aren’t they being apprehended and

tried to deter others?”

By Chris Onuoha

ONLY 20 per cent of family businesses in

Nigeria have plans for leadership suc

cession while even a thinner three per

cent have a laid down strategy for wealth transfer,

according to a 2017 report by global consulting

firm, KPMG.

Pascal Gabriel Dozie, founder of Kunoch Holdings,

Diamond Bank (before a merger with Access

Bank) and co-founder of other institutions

from Africa Capital Alliance to the Pan Atlantic

university, in this interview, rues the mistakes of

Nigerian family businesses of old that failed to

measure up after their founders passed on the


The octogenarian, who turned 80 this month,

shares what his company is doing to contribute

to the longevity of family businesses in the country.

He also looks back on his 80 years in the land

of the living.


On family businesses

A lot of SMEs are family based and we have

not been able to transit our business from one

generation to another. We lose so much in this

country as a result. Where are the Fajemirokuns,

the Ojukwus, the Abiolas Ugo Foam, etc?

Look at Heineken and Mercedez, whose

founders have died a long time ago but, because

they have built structures that outlived them, the

brands are still out there.

We are working closely with the LBS and a host

of other partners from Massachusetts Institute of

Technology (MIT) to bring the knowledge of how

to manage the family business. As part of my

80th birthday, LBS has partnered with other parties

in Switzerland to organize a one-day seminar

on sustainable family business. We hope to

endow a chair for the study. The nitty-gritty that

makes a national economy is the SMEs and must

be sustainable. My wife’s foundation, the Janet

Dozie Foundation for Indigent Widows, is also

making impact with over 500 beneficiaries.

Humble beginning of Pan-Atlantic


When the Lagos Business School was about to

be established, the first thing myself

and the founders did was to go to a

Business School in Madrid, Spain.

They talked to us about the ethics of

doing business and how to do the right

thing. On the side-lines of the meeting,

we decided to go back to Nigeria

to build what we called an ‘ Oasis of

Sanity’ and, with time, the oasis will

come together to form a mighty movement.

But one problem in Nigeria is the

instability of policies; you need predictability

in any system. We don’t

know the trajectory of government policies.

A businessman can deal with

risks but not uncertainties. So it depends

on how you accommodate the

challenges and climb the steps which

require patience or cut corners to get

things done. Unfortunately, those

who cut corners often find themselves

at the front and nobody asks questions.

Lessons learnt from early setback with


Before I met the MTN team, they had tried on

their own and were already convinced about

coming to Nigeria. But the people they were relating

with were not cooperating. So when they

met me, we agreed to work together. I did not

know anything about mobile telephoning and,

with my experience with NITEL, I felt it was not

the right way to go. The process of bidding was

very interesting. If you belonged to one box, you


Family businesses

in Nigeria must learn

from foreign peers

•’ Lessons from early setback with MTN’

•Speaks on his 5-yr wait for Diamond Bank

• 'My septicemia travails’

could not be in another box but my name came

up in more than one group which should automatically

disqualify me.

During that period, my name came out in every

newspaper, saying I belonged to several groups

and boards which was illegal. So MTN wrote

me a letter saying that “we don’t want to have

anything to do with you again because you belong

to a lot of groups” . I said “thank you very

much” and they left. I still have the letter they sent

to me which I didn’t reply to. I have not destroyed

the letter because there are some things in a man’s

life you don’t destroy.

After a while, MTN came back to me saying

they were sorry for accusing me wrongly after

they found out that the people I asked to work

with me were the ones who tried to tarnish my

relationship with MTN.

This is because they wanted to

be Chairman.

Fortunately,then-Chairman of

MTN was going back to South

Africa with the Chief Executive

of one of the competing groups

and she asked, “How did you

find this man called Pascal Dozie?

He is everywhere and part of

many groups”. The man answered

and said he had never

seen, met or spoken to me before.

So they did their investigation

and found out that the accusation

against me was false.

The moral lesson here is ‘patience’

. I didn’t need to fight anyone

trying to know who did what

because it wasn’t necessary.

All the problems Vodacom

had, we also had in MTN. It took

us five years to sign shareholders’

agreement but nobody heard any

noise about it. I had and still have one of the best

boards in the organization. I had no reason to

want a different board. They did their jobs effectively

and efficiently and we had a very good


Look at Heineken

and Mercedez,

whose founders

have died a long

time ago but,

because they

have built

structures that

outlived them,

the brands are

still out there

The five-year wait for Diamond

I put in the application for a licence for Diamond

Bank in 1985 and I got it approved in


Could I have gotten it earlier? Yes, but I didn’t

want to short circuit the system. Not because I am

an angel, I didn’t even have the capacity to short

circuit the system. At a particular point in time,

those who agreed to go into banking with me,

some of them left. In those days, you needed 2/3rd

of your membership from every part of the country,

so you are forced to relate with everyone. Because

I didn’t have the capacity to short circuit

the system and I didn’t intend to, Diamond Bank

stayed five years in incubation.

I was running a consulting firm, African

Development Consulting Group, and we

planned certain things about banking. We

watched television, listened to the media.

Remember in those days, you will go into a

bank and they will give you a tally which I

perceived was nonsense. When we set up Diamond

bank, it became technologically driven

right from the word go because we wanted

to change the system and eradicate the

delay in making transactions. Diamond

Bank has been people-oriented right from

the word go.

So we came up with the first DIBS (Diamond

Bank Integrated Banking System)

which eliminated the need to carry cash

when trying to perform a transaction. All

you needed was to prepare your cheque and

when you arrive at your destination, you get

your cash.A year or two later, we came out

with a payment card which led to value card.

The rest, they say,is history.

New Access Bank will succeed

If they work hard, they would achieve a lot.

There is a Latin phrase that says ‘ Festina lente’

(make haste slowly). Also, the hood does not make

the monk. Everything should be evaluated on its

impact on the citizens. Every policy should have

the people in mind because governance means

the welfare of the people.

I have no doubt that they will uphold the highest

standards in running the new entity.

I am a stickler to good corporate governance

which I did by allowing every Managing Director

to run the affairs of Diamond Bank without

any form of interference.

I have never been part of the selection of chief

executives since I left Diamond Bank. Even when

my son became chief executive, I wasn’t part of it.

The chief executive before my son was selected

when I was in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in


Washington. I was very sick and couldn’t care less

if there was any bank or not. In fact, as of that

time, Nigeria and the world meant nothing to


Life as an octogenarian

Life has been interesting. I have found this

country very interesting, if I don’t find it interesting

I would lose. I am finding this way

because of self-preservation. It is difficult to

say it, I love my country.

If you travel the length and breadth of the

country, you will appreciate the beauty, natural

landscape, and the people. Unfortunately,

things have changed and we are now beginning

to have a contactless society, where

banking is done on phone away from the


The more we do things that separate contact,

the more life becomes difficult. We need

to build relationships because, unless we

have a discussion, it will be difficult to know

how the minds of other people work. Families

don’t visit each-other again as everyone

is looking for personal comfort, many people

are even afraid to travel to their village

because of what they heard or read.

That is where the media must work assiduously

to mould opinion and thoughts. We must

live our lives the way our forefathers wanted us to

do as evident in the national anthem. The majority

are not true to that national anthem.

We need to re-evaluate our value system which

is fast eroding before we lose it completely. Unfortunately,

because of the exigencies of life and

its struggle we have stopped thinking. Our value

system has changed completely. Sometimes I

wonder how we descended to where we are now.

Re-engineering our value system is not going to

be easy, because some people have made up their

minds to go with the status quo, but we must try.

But where there is a will there is a way, so we

need people who would champion this.

Not many would be interested in this cause,

because it is a job that does not give you prominence.

The society must also start asking questions on

how people acquired their wealth. In India, for

example, if you have a very big and lavish wedding,

the next morning the tax people will be at

your door.

We say we are fighting corruption and charging

people who took government money but is

corruption only about money? If I am not fair to

my staff, that is corruption.

In my life, I have a good relationship with everyone

from different tribes.

I agree with the fact that we are only human

and hence we are fallible. We need selfless people

in our politics.

To produce selfless leaders in this country, it

would require education. The media must educate

the leaders that they are there to serve the

people and not to enrich themselves. The media

must talk about de-personalization of our

public offices.

Our offices must function with or without the

presence of the head. The media must do a lot in

this regard through investigative journalism.

Igbos should be content

I hate when the Igbos complain of marginalization,

because they don’t seem to realize what

they have. If you look at the resources they have, I

wonder what they mean by marginalization. Is it

because they are not the President of Nigeria? It is

only one person that can occupy that seat and it

has to be a politician. I am not a politician and I

don’t see why I should leave my business for a

politician’s job. If the Igbos realize the enormity

of the resources they have, they would stop complaining.

Relationship with sons

My sons tell me I ruined their lives because I

denied them the opportunity of having private


I say it is not my fault. I had wanted to have a

daughter as my first child because I have a friend,

Maxell Ubani, whom I used to admire his daughter

then in the U.S.

When I told him mine was coming, he would

respond jokingly “You no fit get a daughter, daughters

are for special people.”

When I was expecting my fourth child, I hoped

for a daughter and said her name would be Ngozi


When it turned out to be a boy, I said his

name is still Ngozi Pascal.

Travails with septicemia

Septicemia, also known as sepsis, is a lifethreatening

complication that can happen

when bacteria from another infection enter

the blood and spread throughout the body.

It needs urgent hospital treatment, as it can

quickly lead to tissue damage, organ failure

and death.

I had septicemia.

After a biopsy, the doctor said everything

was fine, that I didn’t have any cancerous

cells in me.

However, a day or two after, we were going

somewhere and I began shaking. I

couldn’t even sign my signature where I went

to. Then I was taken to the emergency room.

It was so critical that I was given the last

sacrament given to Catholics. After, that I

didn’t know where I was. I was secluded from

other people and only my wife and my niece

could get through to me. I became a risk to

everyone for three weeks in the ICU. They

were pumping antibiotics into me and taking

blood samples every three hours. Then I

developed something in the heart and they

had to take me for operation and put into

me a pacemaker used to treat some abnormal

heart rhythms (arrhythmias) that can

cause your heart to either beat too slowly or

miss beats.


In fact, we now

have leaders who

are thieves and

have infected

Nigerians to the

level that virtually

every Nigerian is a

thief except two

sets of people

What is your opinion on the

differences between

northern governors and

northern elders over who

becomes the next Senate President?

There is nothing unusual about it, it

happened in 2015; secondly, the politics in

the country has been debased to the level

where the deciding factor is not the welfare

of the people or the development of the

country but selfish interest. So why should

this be surprising when everybody is

concerned about himself first? What do you

expect from animals in the bush? That is what

we are experiencing now! The disabling level

of corruption, stealing and wasting of the

nation’s resources has destroyed every value

in the country! When money and power are

the deciding factors in our politics, how do

you expect anything to be orderly? We got

what we asked for. We asked for it because

many voted not based on principle but on the

basis of money. In the 2019 general elections,

we saw the worst we had ever seen in the

form of scientific rigging. We saw it now more

than we ever saw before. After the 2019

elections, we even saw something more

scientific in voting which led to mere writing

of results. This is the worst we ever saw since


So what are elder statesmen doing to save

the situation?

It is not a question of elder statesmen, it is a

question of the social, economic and political

system of the country and the political

leadership the system has produced. The

system and political leadership are based on

selfish interest first, public interest second;

that is what is happening today!

But is this the Nigeria our heroes past

foresaw during the pre-independence


Absolutely not! Even in 1950 when party

politics started, money was not the deciding

factor of elections and politics but now things

have changed. Money is presently the

deciding factor of everything. In fact, we now

have leaders who are thieves and have

infected Nigerians to the level that virtually

every Nigerian is a thief except two sets of

people. The first set include those who never

had the chance to steal at all, while the second

set include those few people who, by nature,

would rather die than steal. These two sets of

people still exist in Nigeria, they are, however,

the exception and their population is 000.1

percent. So we expect the worst to happen in

Nigeria but it is a question of when? When

the nation was being prepared for

independence in 1956, people of good minds

asked how it will happen, but nobody

believed them; nobody believed that those

leaders of 1966 would not live forever and it

was a sin to even say something would

happen and they would leave office but it

happened! And what was not expected

happened in 1966. Now we are destroying

ourselves and, still, we want peace. It is not

impossible because you have to work for

peace before it exists!

How do you juxtapose this with the

staggering insecurity that is ravaging our

You are talking

• ‘People are wasting their time talking about in

• Says God cannot be deceived by those who pra

By Olayinka Ajayi

Alhaji Balarabe Musa, an activist and a former governor of old Kaduna State, speaks

on issues in the polity. Excerpts:

country after the general elections?

The consequences (of general elections) are

enormous and they include insecurity.

Recently, a Minister of the Federal Republic

•Alhaji Balarabe Musa

Balarabe attacks Yoruba

N-Delta on restructuring

of Nigeria accused some traditional rulers of

conniving with Boko Haram, herdsmen and

other criminals, but what did the Federal

Government do about it? Has the government

taken any step towards addressing this

allegation in an open way? This government

will not do anything until it faces a balance of

terror against it by which time it might be too


, Igbo,



security in the North’

y after stealing Nigeria’s money

late. Balance of terror is either a military coup

or civil rebellion like it happened in Sudan

and Venezuela. So this government is waiting

for the balance of terror. In other words, they

are waiting for forces that are more terrifying

than they are before they do something.

Do you think Venezuela’s ordeal is good

for us as a nation?

How can such be good for this country? But

what will happen in a situation where the end

of the road has been reached? There is no law

and order and this disabling level of corruption

and everything negative is happening. We are

just waiting to see what will happen next.

Those who are religious are saying “may God

bring better days” but before you can pray to

God, you have to make sure that you are clean

yourself. How can a thief pray to God? But

that is what most leaders in our country are

(thieves) except those who are the exception

rather than the rule?

But with this disabling state of our nation,

do you foresee better days?

Yes, absolutely after a constitutional

evolution or do you think things would

change in Nigeria just because you are asking

for it? For things to change for the better in

Nigeria, there has to be a constitutional

revolution, which means a peaceful change

of the system without divide, but if this fails,

as it happened in other countries, other forces

are likely to take over. For instance, Iraqi is

not at peace, Libya is not at peace, even those

who have lesser problems like Sudan and

Venezuela are not at peace. So what would

make any Nigerian, who has commonsense,

think that what is happening in these

countries will not happen in Nigeria where

human dignity does not exist, national

development doesn’t exist and only deceit and

vote-buying win elections? God cannot be


What about those clamouring for

restructuring, especially the Yoruba, Niger

Deltans and Igbo, as the way out of our


Forget about the unnecessary clamour.

Whatever government you have, as long as

there are no free, fair and legitimate elections;

as long as the system controlling the

development of our nation is not based on

public interest but self-interest, the

clamour for restructuring and

confederation is all rubbish. Those

who talk about restructuring and

true federalism, if you ask them,

they have nothing to justify it

than talking about ethnic

nationality; they are not

talking about real

national issues like

unity, like democracy

and development in the

country. They are not

talking about issues

that compare us with

developed countries in

the world; they are

talking about things

that compare us with the

worst people. Nigeria,

with her resources, should

be compared with one of

the five

m o s t


countries in the

world. But these

so-called leaders

are busy talking about

voting into office this

useless person or voting out

that useless person into the

presidency, into the

legislature or into the

government house at the

state level, without

demonstrable credibility

and experience. That is all

they are talking about.

What about the disabling

insecurity in the North?

People are wasting their

time talking about insecurity

in the North. Immediately

after the civil war, when the

Federal Government

obtained the instrument of

surrender from the Biafrans,

armed robbery started in the

East. Before that time, I used

to travel from Enugu to

Kaduna, from Lagos to

Kaduna. I would drive in the

night peacefully and arrive

in Kaduna. I was doing this all over the

country as a civil servant and nothing

happened to me. But immediately after the

civil war, armed robbery started from the

South-East. Most informed Nigerians were

warning the Federal Government that the

rebels had surrendered but there was a

problem and that if government did not do

something about it, the problem would get

out of hand. It was not the problem of the

South-East due to the civil war and not a

problem we should be happy about because

the Igbo had got what they asked for as a

consequence of the war! It was not a national

problem but we said it could spread

throughout the country, and government did

not listen. Years after, there was an armed

robbery in every village in Nigeria. The same

thing applies to Boko Haram when people

were deceiving themselves that it was a

North-East affair. Also when the herdsmen

problem started, people were calling it a

northern problem. But the consequence of all

these is the failure of the government to meet

its responsibility to the people in the areas of

addressing poverty, unemployment and the

get rich mentality to the level that people are

engaged in kidnapping in virtually every

local government and every ward in Nigeria.

In fact, someone you know is connected to

someone that abducts you. As it is today,

nobody is safe for anybody to travel in Nigeria,

even outside your village because of the fear

of being abducted for ransom. So, we are

deceiving ourselves. Instead of taking

national measures when issues arise, we are

taking sectional measures until the whole

problem overwhelms everybody. As it is,

nobody is safe today! A cleaner is not safe,

the President is not safe; who then is going to

save Nigeria? Did you hear of the abduction

of an Islamic cleric in the North whose

specialty is the reading of the Quran? Why

did the abductors do that? Because they

believed that if they abduct such a person,

even if he doesn’t have money, there are others

who would pay the ransom to free him and

this is exactly what happened. So, nobody is

safe because the system and the leadership

have produced only thieves.

But how did we get here as a nation?

It is a long history. We can talk about that to

only those who have time to listen! In the 50s,

despite the level of poverty and limited

opportunities, these problems didn’t exist

because there was the obedience to law and

order. For instance, when I started work in

1953, nobody can steal a kobo of public fund

and get away with it, whoever you might be,

you are going to get punished according to

the law. But, today, you can steal one third of

the budget of the country and get away with

it as long as you are the

surrogate of the

President, a governor, a

minister or someone in

authority. We had a

case of a minister who

stole N83billion and it

was proved in court; he

But, today, you

can steal one

third of the

budget of the

country and get

away with it as

long as you are

the surrogate of

the President, a

governor, a

minister or

someone in


was jailed for two years

only. Now he is a hero

in his community, a

hero in his state, a hero

in his political party

and a hero in Nigeria.

This type of thing is

what makes it difficult

for us to deal with the

disabling level of

corruption and waste of

resources in the

country because

everybody wants to be

something when he or

she has such


Do you think these

challenges justify the

call for true federalism?

True federalism and

restructuring are

different things

entirely. Those who

talk about true federalism, in reality, are

talking of true federal system of government

where power is shared between the centre

and the states and various units. Those who

are calling for true federalism and

restructuring are honest but the issue is the

problem of the regions.


Ministerial Appointments:

Not a party affair

The argument that

President Muham

madu Buhari

should bother more about

Atiku Abubakar’s petition

against his re-election

rather than concentrating

on forming a government,

loses sight of the ‘no vacuum

in government’ philosophy.

It would therefore

be irrational for Buhari

to await the verdict

of the election tribunal

before inaugurating his

government. Besides, being

the declared winner

of the contest by the election

referee, gives him

confidence to act with the

presumption that he is

more likely to also win at

the tribunal. However,

that does not rule out the

possibility of another candidate

upstaging the earlier

declared winner, more

so, as election controversies

in Nigeria often create

room for any contestant

to be the lucky one in

the end. Either way, by

May 29, 2019, a new government

must take-off to

run the affairs of Nigeria

whether the election tribunal

has or has not concluded

action on petitions.

Thus, the current

search for ministers who

are constitutionally em-

powered to implement the

policies and programmes

of the president is in order.

What is likely to be in

contention is the quality

of persons that would constitute

the Council of

Ministers. A look at the

powers of that council

would readily show that

Nigeria has never been inspired

to pick persons with

the requisite strength of

character for the job. Can

Nigerians in all honesty

identify ministers that

have, as required by the

constitution, been able to

question the health status

of a president even where

the failing health was visible

to the blind as was the

case with late President

Yar’Adua? Instead, there

has always been the temptation

to appoint malleable

persons who would

covertly be controlled not

by the president but by other

persons in the corridors

of power better known in

Nigeria as cabals. Such appointees

can hardly ensure

successful execution of

projects. Unfortunately, the

current search for ministers

may follow the old order

of appointees with ample

deficiencies in courage,

vision and integrity.

The quantum of noise so

far made about the ruling

party compiling a list of

loyal party members for

appointment confirms our


A report in the media last

week quotes the National

Working Committee of the

ruling party as impressing

on Buhari “to ensure that

only members who have

been faithful to the party

are appointed into executive

positions.” With due respect,

such criterion cannot

be the prime factor for appointment.

It can however

be an added advantage.

The main factor is capacity,

made up of competence

and track record. While

there is no problem with

appointing a member of

the APC as a minister, he

should ordinarily be qualified

even if he was not a

party member. We also

need to make the point that

because Buhari is not the

president of APC but of all

Nigerians, his leadership

needn’t be so derogated

from. As is seen in other

parts of the world, even opposition

politicians are invited

to serve in government

only because they

have unrivalled expertise in

specific fields. That is what

should propel our president

especially if he must

make a mark in his last opportunity

to be president

and leave innumerable

legacies. For that to happen,

Buhari must serve as

the captain of our governance

national team, made

up of the best eleven.

Only experts can make

remarkable points in governance,

not party loyalists

with questionable credentials.

This is more obvious

in a developing society like

Nigeria with a gamut of

physical and infrastructural

challenges that are begging

for redress. Today,

many Nigerians remember,

the excellent performance

of Ngozi Okonjo-

Any Nigerian

president can

constitute with ease,

a strong, viable and

above all, a balanced

ministerial team for

the good of the

nation. All that needs

to be done, is to

insist on the best


Iweala as minister of finance.

She was not even a

party member let alone a

loyal one when she made

landmark decisions for

which the leadership at the

time took credit. The same

can be said for Obiageli

Ezekwesili, Nasir el Rufai,

Charles Soludo etc. who

served in the past as outstanding

cabinet members

and left a mark yet to be

met thereafter. How to reenact

the glories of the past

is what should be uppermost

in Buhari’s mind now

and not how to reward acclaimed

worthy loyalists

who may end up being in

office without value. This

point is neither original

nor new, following the recent

prayer of Pastor Tunde

Bakare of the Lattera Rain

Assembly that President

Buhari should “in his second

term appoint the best,

the brightest and the fittest,

to maximise the potentials

of the nation.”

Any Nigerian president

can constitute with ease, a

strong, viable and above

all, a balanced ministerial

team for the good of the nation.

All that needs to be

done, is to insist on the best

hands. In line with the constitutional

provision of federal

character, such outstanding

hands abound all

over the country as there is

no part of our nation whose

products cannot be among

the best. We therefore disagree

with those who argue

that certain sections of the

country which did not vote

for the president should be

punished. To start with, it

has become increasingly

difficult these days, to determine

which sections belong

to which party. For instance,

Sokoto voted APC

in the presidential election

and PDP in the governorship.

In Edo, the APC did

not win the presidential

election but won all the

seats in the state legislature.

So, which party can

we say Sokoto and Edo belong

to? Again, at the end

of an election, the winner

becomes the president or

governor of all. If the

South East that is more of

PDP is shunned today as

not worthy to benefit from

Buhari, we shall produce

a lopsided government

that runs counter to the

federal character principle

in Section 14(3) of our

constitution that prohibits

the “predominance of

persons from a few states

or from a few ethnic or

other sectional groups in

government or in any of

its agencies.”

The constitution did not

provide for favours to

states which voted for the

president. An over active

leadership of the ruling

party should thus not mislead

him. Indeed, Buhari

should appoint as ministers,

competent persons

from all over the country

made up of a) the APC as

the president’s channel to

power; b) youths - the undisputed

owners of potentials

and in line with the

‘not too young to run’ initiative

of the president; c)

women, in furtherance of

the global reality of affirmative

action and d)

experienced technocrats

as drivers of the engines

of development. Governors

who freely pick their

own commissioners

should not claim the power

to nominate ministers

from their states. Buhari

needs to remember that if

Nigerians are angry over

inequity in government,

all eyes will look towards

him and not the party

leadership or governors.

In any case, history has

shown that any list compiled

by a Nigerian political

party is not likely to

be credible as it usually

contains objectionable

names such as those who

absconded from the compulsory

national service

and even names of dead

persons as we saw in the

past. Buhari must change

the narrative and produce

a viable team.

PhD,Department of


University of Lagos


A philosophical critique

of Easter celebration (2)

ut even if we restrict our

Bselves to the stories in the

By eliminating rival

deities, the Pharaoh

appropriated their

powers. Now,


appropriated the

powers of its

competitors by

emulating an

ascending Pharaoh’s

mythical performance

Gospels, there are still two formidable

problems to be confronted.

The first one is the

largely arbitrary manner the

books that constitute the Holy

Bible were selected in the first

place, coupled with the general

problem of inaccurate

translations, mistranslations

and deliberate distortion of

the original texts by scribes

who put together the scriptures

by translating manuscripts

originally written in

Koiné or “common” Greek

into Latin. The second relates

to obvious contradictions in

the Gospels’ accounts of the

purported arrest, crucifixion,

resurrection and eventual ascension

of Jesus. Beginning

with the first problem, it is

generally agreed by biblical

scholars that the decision as

to which books should be included

in the Holy Bible and

which ones to be occluded

was a very controversial and

difficult one, oftentimes

reached by the casting of lots

during the ecumenical council

meetings, beginning with

the Council of Nicaea in 325.

This explains differences in

the versions of the Christian

bible accepted as authoritative

by major denominations

of Christianity. Concerning

the issue of language, the

manuscripts from which the

Holy Bible evolved were originally

documented in Koiné

or “common” Greek. And

Koiné is written in what is

known as scriptio continua,

which means no spaces between

words and no punctuation

marks. Accordingly, weshouldgoandeatdad

can be interpreted

as “We should go

and eat, Dad” or “We should

go and eat Dad.” Sentences

can have different meanings

depending on where spaces

between words are placed. So,

Jesusisnowhere can be “Jesus

is nowhere” or “Jesus is now

here.” The implication of this

for assessing the veracity of

biblical narratives, including

stories about Jesus’ Passion, is

obvious and consequential as

well. For instance, it opens up

the possibility that most of

what Christians believe about

Easter and on which their religion

is founded might be the

product of mistranslations

arising from the nature of

Koiné script. Kurt Eichenwald

has brilliantly discussed all

this, including the extremely

tendentious manner biblical

passages were deliberately inserted

in the scriptures, in an

article published in the 09-01-

2015 edition of Newsweek.

Since his essay entitled “The

Bible: So Misunderstood it’s a

Sin” does not focus exclusively

on Easter, there is no need

analysing it in-depth here.

Nonetheless, the key point

made by Eichenwald is that

one should be careful in interpreting

biblical passages literally

because they contain

numerous translation mistakes

and deliberate interpolations

by compilers who had

a predetermined theological


On the vexed issue of historical

inaccuracies and conflicting

accounts of the trial, crucifixion,

death and resurrection

of Jesus in the Gospels,

an attentive open-minded

study of what several scholars

have written about it tends to

raise doubts about veracity of

those very narratives or, at

worst, suggests that perhaps

the outlandish events they describe

never really happened.

For instance, Matthew, Mark

and Luke claim that Jesus was

taken directly to Caiaphas the

high priest after his arrest (Mat

26:57, Mark 14:53, Luke

22:54). John says that he was

taken first to Annas, father-inlaw

of the high priest who, after

a while sent Jesus to the

high priest. The same Matthew

26:57 affirms that on the

night Jesus was arrested the

priests and scribes met before

Jesus was brought to the high

priest. Mark 14:53 says that

they met on the night of Jesus’

arrest after he was brought to

the high priest, whereas Luke

22:66 reports that the priests

and scribes assembled the day

after Jesus was arrested. The

gospel of John mentions the

high priest only: no other

priests or scribes played a role

in interrogating Jesus. According

to Luke, Pilate sent

Jesus to Herod who questioned

him for a while and returned

Jesus to Pilate once

more (Luke 23:7-11). In Matthew,

Mark and John, Herod

was not involved at all. The

biblical account of Pilate’s

custom of releasing a prisoner

at Passover and his offer to

free Jesus while the Jews preferred

Barabbas is historically

inaccurate because the only

authority granted by Rome to

a Roman governor in such situation

was postponement of

the execution after the religious

festival. Those who

wrote the gospels included it

in order to exonerate Pilate

from Jesus’ execution and put

the blame on the Jews. Moreover,

the story that Pilate consented

to the demand by the

mob is at odds with what is

known about Pilate’s habitual

savage and highhanded

methods of crowd control. According

to historians, Pilate

was recalled to Rome because

of his brutality. How could a

man with such notoriety be

interested in what a Jewish

mob wanted, let alone consenting

to it? Matthew 27:38

and Mark 15:27 say that Jesus

was crucified between two

robbers. But the Romans did

not crucify robbers. Crucifixion

was reserved specifically

for rebellious slaves and insurrectionists.

Did Jesus speak to

his mother and to Peter from

the cross during his crucifixion?

The gospels affirm that

he did. That is extremely unlikely

given that during crucifixions

Roman soldiers guarded

the execution ground, and

nobody was allowed to come

close, least of all relatives and

friends who would actually

want to help the person to be

executed. Matthew 27: 51-53

confirms that at the moment

Jesus died there was an earthquake

that opened the tombs

and an unspecified number of

righteous people were raised

from the dead who later went

to Jerusalem and appeared to

many people. However, none

of the historians of the period

documented that fascinating

event, and it was not even recorded

in the other gospels.

Some New Testament scholars

think that the author of this

narrative must be an ardent

believer in the resurrection

power of Jesus and included

the story to vindicate that belief.

After the resurrection,

who were the first to discover

the empty tomb? Matthew

claims that it was Mary

Magdalene and the “other

Mary.” Mark 16:1 gives it to

Mary Magdalene, Mary, the

mother of James and Salome.

Luke adds Joanna to the list

of women, while according to

John 20:1-4 Mary

Magdalene went to the tomb

alone, saw the stone blocking

its entrance removed, ran to

Peter and returned to the tomb

with another disciple.

Now, who did these followers

of Jesus find at the tomb?

Matthew 28:2-4 intimates

that an angel of the Lord who

appeared like lightening sat

on the stone that had been

rolled away. Also present in

the vicinity were guards dispatched

to guard the burial

chamber. Returning from the

tomb the women met Jesus

(Matthew 28:9). Mark tells us

that a young man in a white

robe was sitting inside the

tomb. Luke talks about two

men in dazzling apparel, but

it is unclear whether they were

inside or outside the tomb. In

John, we read that that Mary,

Peter and the other disciple initially

found an empty tomb.

Pater and the other disciple

entered the tomb and saw the

wrappings used to cover Jesus’

corpse. Mary looked into

the tomb and saw two angels

dressed in white. After a brief

conversation with them,

Mary turns around and saw

Jesus. Other example can be

brought forward, but the ones

presented already are sufficient

to make the case that that

the events around which the

Gospels’ narratives were woven

either did not take place

or were so garbled that it is

impossible to separate fiction

from fact. The first alternative

will rankle Christians apologists,

but it is not as far-fetched

as it seems. Consider one of

the best-known stories in the

New Testament, precisely in

the gospel of John chapter 7,

about a group of Pharisees

and others who brought to Jesus

a woman allegedly committing

adultery, and how Jesus

escaped the trap set by her

accusers by cleverly turning

the table against them. Yet the

incident reported never happened.

It was not even written

by John to whom it is attributed.

Rather, according to Prof.

Bart Ehrman, a biblical scholar

at the University of North

Carolina, it was fabricated by

scribes sometime in the Middle

Ages. The story does not

appear in any of the three other

gospels nor in any of the

earlier Greek versions of John.

Some researchers believe

that the story of Jesus in the

New Testament is an accretion

of legends popular in

Mediterranean communities

in the dying years of the Roman

Empire. For example,

the noted historian, Prof. Arnold

Toynbee, explained in his

illuminating book, Mankind

and Mother Earth, that in the

Levant after Alexander the

Great overthrew the Persian

Empire, and throughout the

whole perimeter of the Mediterranean

after its political

unification by the Roman

Empire, there was fierce competition

among rival religions

for the chance of becoming the

universal religion of the region

as a whole. Christianity

eventually triumphed by a

process adumbrated already

in Pharaonic Egyptian theology.

According to the Egyptians,

when a Pharaoh dies his

detachable soul ascends into

heaven and there devours other

gods whom the newcomer

encounters. By eliminating rival

deities, the Pharaoh appropriated

their powers. Now,

Christianity appropriated the

powers of its competitors by

emulating an ascending Pharaoh’s

mythical performance.

According to Toynbee, in the

story of Jesus the religion absorbed

Egyptian, Syrian, Anatolian

and Hellenic gods and

goddesses and thereby ascribed

their powers to the risen


To be continued.



By Chris Onuoha

ut for the rail transport coming as a

viable alternative, we would have all

been doomed, or at best, we would

completely avoid going back home”, says

Hajia Bilikisu Sanusi, a senior female civil

servant, who works in Abuja, but comes from

Kaduna State. Hajia Sanusi, who spoke to

Sunday Vanguard newspaper, at the Idu train

station in Abuja, was obviously elated as she

heaved a sigh of relief on stepping out of the

train station, at the Abuja end of the journey.

Hajia Sanusi is just one of the many

hundreds of passengers who have literally

abandoned the Abuja/Kaduna highway for

fear of being kidnapped, robbed or, worse,

killed by the army of marauders and bandits

who have practically seized the soul of the

road. In recent times, the Abuja-Kaduna road

had been reduced to highway of horror, what

with the daily reports of kidnapping, torture

and robbery.

The senior civil servant was also full of praise

for the Buhari-led government which has

ensured that the rail transport between Abuja

and Kaduna is fully functional and indeed,

coming to the rescue of many Nigerians who

commute between both cities.

According to her, “ we are grateful that, at

least, the railway transport between Abuja and

my home state, Kaduna, is working

effectively; and we have Mr President to

thank for this, without forgetting the Minister

of Transportation, Mr Rotimi Amaechi who has

been very passionate about rail development

in Nigeria”.

Although the Abuja/Kaduna rail was started

and somewhat commissioned by the

administration of President Goodluck

Jonathan, it was the President Mohammadu

Buhari administration that completed the rail

system between the two cities.

Sources in the Ministry of Transport had

explained to Sunday Vanguard that the

Jonathan administration stopped the rail

tracks at Kubwa, in Abuja, because of the

Catholic hospital which was on the right of


It was the present

Minister of Transportation, Mr

Amaechi who had to negotiate with

the Catholic authorities to relocate the

church’s hospital before the rail tracks were

completed, leading to the rail connection

between both points - Abuja and Kaduna. The

federal government provided the funds for the

building of another hospital, just so the rail

line was not obstructed.

However, the ministry source remarked that

the fact remains that the Jonathan

administration initiated the project and drove

it to the point it was before the present

administration came into office.

Completing the Abuja-Kaduna rail had

gulped $500 million and it is running.

And the Minister of Transportation insists

that the government is committed to

connecting all state capitals in the country

with rail, adding that “it is aimed at making

mass movement of people and goods easier

across the country”. It is in the pursuit of this

agenda, according to Amaechi, that the

Calabar-Kano, as well as the Lagos-Calabar

rails are conceived and being pursued.

The beauty of this will be better appreciated

with the plan to extend all rail lines to all the

sea ports in the country so cargoes and other

goods can be picked directly from the sea

ports and taken to other parts of the country,

thus saving the roads of the impact of heavy

haulages, and at far cheaper cost.

Already, the Lagos/Ibadan rail is near

completion, even as the Lagos-Abeokuta rail

has been completed and running.

Amaechi explained that “by the end of the

year, the Lagos-Ibadan rail will be up and

running. By June, this year the entire tracks

would have been laid up to Ibadan. Indeed,

work had continued on that corridor, literally,

day and night.

It is the same passion that also led to the

resuscitation of the Itakpe-Warri rail line which

had been abandoned for over 34 years.

According to Amaechi, the Federal

Government’s decision to revisit the Itakpe/

Warri railway is to sustain the dream behind

the project at the time it was conceived. Both

towns are steel-producing communities, one

in Kogi State and the other in Delta State.

The rail was thus meant to connect both

companies for the ease of transportation of

goods and equipment.

Already, the Itakpe/Warri rail has fully

commenced operation as it daily lifts 100

passengers per trip between both points, even


Rail Raises Safety

Niche on Road


as plans are afoot to increase the number of

coaches on the corridor.

To ensure that the rail system runs with

maximum efficiency, the Managing Director

of Nigerian Railway Corporation (NRC),

Engineer Freeborn Edetanlaen Okhiria

explained that “Nigeria is gradually tackling

the railway challenge as this government (of

President Muhammadu Buhari) has shown

deep commitment to rail development in the

country and with the deep devotion of the

Minister of Transport, the sky will be our limit

in rail development”.

The zeal of the minister in driving the rail

project may have received recognition even

outside the country.

About three weeks ago, the

Ghanaian government, sent a

team to Nigeria to understudy

the strides the Nigerian

government is making in rail

development. Led by its

Minister of Rail Development,

Hon Joe Ghartey, the team

joined in the tour of the rail

construction between Lagos and

Ibadan. Hon Ghartey

commended the devotion and

commitment of Mr Amaechi in

the pursuit of the rail project in


Commenting on how Amaechi

has totally given his time and

passion for the rail development,

Dr Omenazu Jackson, a

consultant with the UNDP and

Chancellor, International

Society for Social Justice and

Human Rights noted that

whenever he (Amaechi) is

convinced about a project, he

gives it his all and that is what

we are seeing in his strides in

the rail development of the


Convinced that the rail transportation is

headed for better days ahead, Eng Okhiria

also explained that the Itakpe/Warri railway

transportation will be further boosted soon as

the Railway village and Railway yard are

completed in Agbor, Delta State.

The Railway village was burnt down some

years ago but it is about being rehabilitated

and will have to boot, facilities like school,

hospital and residential quarters for rail

workers and their families.

In the same vein, the railway yard will cater

for the maintenance need of the rail system

within that axis.

The Itakpe/Warri rail revitalised at the cost

of $200 million, was wholly and solely funded

by the federal Government. “We did not

borrow a kobo to fund the Itakpe-Warri rail

project, Amaechi said.

Being built by the China Civil Engineering

Construction Corporation (CECC), the rail

infrastructure in Nigeria is being funded by

loans, largely obtained

from China. The cost of

the rail projects have

accounted for a good

chunk of the debt

Despite the funding

challenges facing the


development in the

country, one thing

certain is that the rail

development under

the management of

the present Minister of

Transportation is

bound to change the

narrative of mass

transit schemes in


Nigeria is owing.

Speaking on the many

benefits of the rail

transport system,

Amaechi noted that in

the areas where the rail

has been completed, the

economies of those

localities have

improved significantly

citing the cost of land

and other landed

properties in the Lagos

–Ibadan rail corridor,

which he said, have



Despite the funding

challenges facing the


development in the

country, one thing

certain is that the rail

development under the

management of the present Minister of

Transportation is bound to change the

narrative of mass transit schemes in Nigeria,

if the same level of devotion and commitment

is sustained in the years ahead.

PAGE 28 —SUNDAY Vanguard, APRIL 28, 2019

When Living Faith

Church visited the IDPs

By Jack Kalio, Abuja

The excitements—expressed and

controlled—were expected; but not

at the level they unfolded. As trucks

loaded with food items and clothes

wheeled into each of the 11 Internally

Displaced Persons’ camps in the Federal

Capital Territory, shouts of joy filled the

atmosphere. In one of the camps, while the

children jumped, clapped and shouted in

celebration, the adults—married and

unmarried, young and old, men and women—

displayed subdued emotions in anticipation

of what was coming. Some could not hold

back tears—especially the women. They were

tears of joy. The men, as usual, bit their lips

and tried to brave it through. They could not

jump and clap as the children did, neither

could they cry openly as the women. They

simply stood and watched. Men will always

be men.

The mixed bag of emotion unfolded when

pastors and members of the Living Faith

Church, also known as Winners’ Chapel,

visited camps occupied by IDPs—Internally

Displaced Persons—to deliver special

messages from Bishop David Oyedepo. The

messages were packaged in the form of 77

bags of rice, 2,400 tubers of yam, 44 bags of

white beans, 72 bags of millet, 83 bags of

maize, 254 cartons of indomie, 57 bags of

sugar, 21 cartons of magi cubes, 36 bags of

salt and 23 cartons of five-litres oil. Added to

these items were three trailers loaded with

clothes contributed as love gifts by members

of the church. The materials were distributed

to the camps located in Dagba Area 1, New

Kuchingoro, near Games Village, Wasa in

Apo, Waro, in Apo, Sabo Lugbe along the

Airport Road, Gongola in Lugbe, Kekeshi in

Abaji, Pandagi in Abaji and Vine Heritage in


In addition to the items given to these

stranded Nigerians was the word of God

delivered by the leader of the welfare team,

Pastor Sunny Nkemdi. The church did not go

there on a crusade. But at each camp, as the

team arrived with the loaded trucks, shout of

“Alleluia!’ “Praise the Lord!” and “Jesus loves

you,” filled the air.

However, a different atmosphere unfolded

at one of the camps visited. Despite the initial

shout of joy by the children and a few adults,

the reporter noticed something more than

hunger in the faces of the some of the elders

occupying the camp. It was almost

indescribable. They seemed lifted on the

inside. Hope came alive; and as bags and

cartons of goods were brought out of the

trucks, the mood of the people completely


Pastor Abraham Ojeme who oversees the

Living Faith Church in the Federal Capital

Territory said both the church that donated

the goods and the recipients were affected by

the emotional atmosphere in the camps

visited: “Reaction is double-edged. Sometimes

it brings tears from your eyes when you see the

excitement in them and you could see hope in

their faces. We are happy for that but it brings

tears. Can we as human beings join hands

together to help each other? They did not plan

to be in IDP, many of them had homes before

and all of a sudden, overnight, they found

themselves there. That wasn’t their plan but

God will change their story, God will give them

a new beginning. For the hope we saw on their

faces, God will do it for them.

Staying in the IDP camps seems to have

created a bond of friendship and

unprecedented sense of togetherness among

the people. They have become morally bound

even if it is a marriage of convenience. Both

Christians and Muslims have come to see

themselves as brothers and sisters—passengers

in the same boat abandoned on an island by

circumstances beyond their comprehension.

The visit of the church was therefore not

seen—even among the unbelievers—as a

religious expedition, but as a demonstration

of God’s love. Most of IDPs wore brand new

or freshly-ironed clothes for the first time in

several years because the church went there.

Some had shoes given to them and could not

believe that such luxuries still existed.

While providing the clue as to the mission of

the church in investing millions of naira in a

population comprising mostly Muslims,

Pastor Ojeme explained that what has

happened so far—the donation by the Living

Faith Church—is the beginning, not the end:

“Well, we are not talking about the millions

now, because you cannot even quantify their

own souls. How dare you try to quantify what

you invest in them? What I am looking forward

to is what God will make out of their lives.

The Bible says what will you compare a soul

to? How much is a soul worth?

This is just the beginning and this same thing

happening in FCT is happening all over the

states of Nigeria. We have done this many

times before. We have done it for nations. We

did it for Liberia. I was in Liberia in the midst

of the war. We sent shiploads of materials to

them and I could see how excited they were.

We have done it in Sierra Leone, we have done

it in Rwanda and we will keep doing it all over

the world.”

Few things, if any, create satisfaction and

raise hope in the midst of calamity than the

knowledge that somebody cares. When words

of hope are spoken, the weak bones receive

strength. When hands of succour are stretched

in moments of distress, agony turns to joy;

tears turn smiles. All these unfolded across

the 11 IDP camps visited by the Living Faith

Church two weeks ago.

As the divinely-inspired visitation wrapped

up at the last camp visited, Pastor Ojeme

prophesied hope even in the face of

hopelessness. He said: “I see a people that

will soon come out of their present condition.

It is only a matter a time. Watch what will

soon happen. The Bible says God raises the

poor from the dung-hill. He lifts the servant

from the ground and puts him on the horses.

Their story will soon change. Some of them

and their families will never know the road to

an IDP camp again in life. Now, for what they

have gone through, when God visits them and

the changes come, they will know the

difference, they will know how to appreciate


ANRP praises Bauchi people for peaceful polls,

asks gov-elect to be leader for all

•How our presidential candidate made 17th position’

auchi State chapter of the Abundant

BNigeria Renewal Party (ANRP), under the

leadership of Alhaji Muhammad Yahaya

Abubakar Misau, has commended the people

of the state for ensuring peaceful conduct of

the 2019 general elections.

It also thanked Bauchi people for the support

it received during the presidential election that

saw its candidate, Tope Fasua, clinching the

11th position out of the 73 candidates that

participated in the election in the state.

“This shows that the people have trust in us

and have firm believe in our ethos”, a

statement by the state chapter of the ANRP


“On the governorship election, credit must

be given to the candidates of the two major

political parties for adhering to the peaceful

conduct of the election especially the

incumbent governor, M.A. Abubakar, who

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stated and proved to us that his ambition is

not worth the blood of any Bauchi citizen”.

“Although the ruling APC seems dissatisfied

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tribunal in the long run. However, we call on

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ensure justice and harmony in the state. “Some

might have not supported his candidature for

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By Yemi Ogunbiyi

The direct impulse to the writing of this

piece came from six separate inspection

trips of the new 158.5km, double-track

Standard Gauge railway line from Ibadan to

Lagos which is about to be flagged off for use

in May. Those inspection trips, which were

spread out over a one-year period, were in the

company of the Minister of Transport, Rt. Hon.

Rotimi Amaechi.

The construction of the rail project itself, with

extensions to Apapa Sea Port and associated

railway stations, commenced in March 2017.

Those inspection trips, taken together, had a

tremendous impact on me and opened up for

me vistas of new possibilities in my

assessment of the future of our country. To fully

understand the impact of my experience and

put it in proper perspective, we would need to

back-step a little into the history of the

Nigerian Railway Corporation.

When the British decided in 1898 to

construct the first railroad in Nigeria, that is,

the 32km narrow gauge line from Iddo in the

Lagos Colony to Ota in today’s Ogun State

and subsequently to Ibadan, it was conceived

purely as a commercial venture designed to

ease the movement of goods from the

hinterland to the coast for export. It took four

years to complete that very first line in 1901.

Thereafter, rail construction continued

incrementally, with the Ibadan-Jebba line,

between 1907 and 1911. Urged by the British

Cotton Growing Association, a single track

narrow gauge, with a speed of 12 miles per

hour, was constructed in 1907 from Baro to

Bida, Zungeru and Zaria to Kano, to ease the

evacuation of cotton for export. Following the

discovery of coal in Enugu in 1914, the 243km

Port Harcourt – Enugu line was constructed

to facilitate export of coal through Port

Harcourt. Then, by 1924, several other lines

were added, among them the Enugu –

Makurdi line, the Kaduna – Kafanchan, and

Kafanchan – Jos lines. In the 1920s and early

1930s, the Zaria – Gusau – Kaura Namoda

lines were built. Then two final extensions,

Kano – Nguru and Ifo – Idogo were added by


In all those years, the railways were run

efficiently because the institution was then

under the supervision of an efficiently-run civil

service. Then on October 1, 1955, it became a

public enterprise by an Act of Parliament (No.

26). By 1964, the old Nigerian Railways

Corporation reached its peak performance

when it was said to have conveyed some

11.2million passengers annually and about

3million tonnes of goods. In the 1963/64

Financial Year Report, the Corporation had a

financial performance of £16million and a

handsome working surplus of £2million. As a

young high school boy, who had to shuttle

during school holidays between Kano and

Ibadan and later Lagos, I testify that during

those years rail rides were superbly joyous.

The rot

Then, gradually, the rot set in, compounded

by poor infrastructure maintenance, derelict

and antiquated rail tracks, outmoded

locomotives and wagons and, of course,

corruption and poor management. Ironically,

the neglect of the sector started with the British,

who became, it seemed, more interested by

1960 in emerging markets elsewhere. For

instance, for thirty-one years between 1927-

1958, apart from two minor extensions to the

rail network, namely, Kafanchan – Bauchi and

Bauchi – Maiduguri, not a single rail sleeper

was laid anywhere in the country. And then,

for over fifty years between 1970 to only a few

years ago, the sector laid comatose and

became, with possibly one exception, a cheap

dispensable pawn in the hands of successive

Nigerian administrations.

To be sure, some efforts were made to revive

the sector. In 1970, under the Obasanjo military

regime, an Indian group, the Rail India

Technical and Economic Services, were

brought in to manage the corporation. When

they left ten years after, there was little to show

for their effort. Thereafter, another group of

Romanians were paid $17million to supply

wagons and workshop equipment. Again, it

came to nothing. Then, in 1995, General Sani

Abacha brought in the now famous China

Civil Engineering Construction Company

(CCECC) to rehabilitate the entire rail

infrastructure. That $528million contract was

also poorly executed. Then, again, in 2002, the

Obasanjo civilian administration came up

with an ambitious twenty-five year Strategic

Vision for the corporation, one that would

build a modernised 8,000km of railway

network, linking all state capitals and

industrial centres in the country. Indeed, in

the dying days of his administration, Obasanjo

re-engaged CCECC in 2006 to build the Lagos

– Kano 1,315km Standard Gauge line for

$8.3billion. But again, not much happened,

until President Yar’ adua took over and

cancelled the contract.

Ironically, the more noticeable

transformation of the sector occurred during

the Jonathan administration. In a move that

appeared to have learnt a few lessons from

the hiccups and false starts of previous

administrations, Jonathan deployed a twotracked

strategy to rehabilitate the existing old

narrow gauge and later commence the

construction of new Standard Gauge lines;

*Amaechi during an

inspection tour of

railway project

Speed, comfort, safety,


• The challenge of a new Nigerian railway

which was exactly what he did. The

rehabilitation of the old lines led to the

reactivation of a number of inter-city train

services, such as the Makurdi – Port Harcourt

line, through Aba and Enugu. Simultaneously,

the administration commenced work on the

new 187km Standard Gauge line between

Abuja (Idu) and Kaduna (Rigasa). But the most

remarkable of the Jonathan effort was the

signing of a $11.9billion contract with the

CCECC to build a coastal 22-stop Standard

Gauge railway track that would stretch for

1,402km from Lagos, through Ijebu-Ode,

Benin, Port Harcourt to Calabar, with a

maximum travelling speed of 120km/hour. It

was CCECC’s largest overseas contract up

until that time.

Building on gains

Then enter the Buhari administration in

2015, with Rotimi Amaechi as Transport

Minister. Handicapped, both by an antiquated

1955 Act which still guides the development

and operation of the sector and the paucity of

funds, President Buhari directed his new

Minister to build on the gains of the past, while

also charting a new, more radical path for the

sector. Under a more radical approach that was

now designed to increase the sector’s

contribution to GDP from its present 20% to

70% by 2040, existing abandoned projects

were to be completed, while

also embarking on the design,

construction and deployment

of new, Standard Gauge lines.

Accordingly, the Abuja (Idu) to

Kaduna (Rigasa) Standard

Guage project which had been

crippled for lack of funds and

almost abandoned by the

previous administration was

promptly completed and

flagged off for commercial

operation by President Buhari

in July, 2016. As part of this

scheme, and under Amaechi’s

watch, the Itakpe – Ajaokuta –

Warri railway Standard Gauge

project, which was first

conceived thirty-two years ago,

was completed. This important

line, complete with a modern

Locomotive Depot at a Facility

Yard in Agbor, would

eventually be extended

southwards to terminate at a

new Warri Port and Abuja in the

north. Incidentally, this line is

going to be concessioned to a preferred bidder,

CRCC, who would partner with government

to construct and operate the line.

While these were going on, President Buhari

further directed that the rehabilitation of the

existing narrow gauge line be speeded up.

Some of those projects include the Lagos –

Jebba 480km line, the Jebba – Kano 624km

line, the Port Harcourt – Aba – Enugu –

Makurdi 468km line, the Kuru – Bauchi –

Gombe – Maiduguri 640km line, and the

Makurdi – Kafanchan – Kaduna Junction –

Kuru line. In between these rehabilitations,

huge sums were expended, for the first time

in a long time, on the upgrade and

modernisation of key railway components and

equipments, and on the procurement of

Rolling Stock (wagons, coaches) and an

assortment of parts for operational use. Not

surprisingly, intra-city and inter-city mass

But many would

argue that the real

icing on the cake of

the administration’s

achievements to

date is the about-tobe-completed

156.5km double

track Standard

Gauge line between

Lagos –Ibadan,

which, by the way, is

a part of the longer

Lagos – Kano line

passenger transit services resumed on the

refurbished narrow gauge lines, as evidenced,

for instance, in the deployment of 12 trains that

carry some 13,000 passengers daily in Lagos

and the Aba to Port Harcourt line which

operates two daily services. Also, the intercity

service between Lagos and Kano operates

once a week, moving freight and passengers.

The Offa – Kano –Offa line also operates, once

a week.

As part of its Economic Recovery

Programme, there are a number of other key

projects that the current government has

embarked upon under a PPP model that

deserve to be mentioned, if only in passing.

There is, for instance, the 284km Kano –

Katsina – Makurdi Standard Gauge line.

There are other such achievements as the

installation of the Enterprise Resource

Programme (ERP) to promote efficiency and

the upgrade and modernisation of the

antiquated communication and signaling

system of the entire rail system. Not to be

forgotten here is the revolutionary Transport

Sector Reform Bill, which includes the

Nigerian Railways Authority (NRA) Bill,

designed to open up the sector for the first time,

to private sector participation.

Two projects

But, perhaps, the two projects in the category

of planned railway projects for

which the administration will

be long remembered might

well be the 2163km Port

Harcourt – Maiduguri singletrack

Standard Gauge railline

and the Coastal Railway

Project, which was mentioned

above. The proposed Port

Harcourt to Maiduguri railline

would traverse major

industrial cities along the

Eastern corridor, South-

South, South-East and the

North-Eastern geo-political

zones of the country. Due to

be completed in three years’

time, the rail network would

pass through Aba from Port

Harcourt, to Umuahia –

Agwu – Enugu – Otukpo –

Makurdi – Lafia – Akwanga

– Kafanchan – Jos – Bauchi –

Alkateri – Gombe – Bajoga –

Damaturu – Maiduguri, with

branch lines from Port

Harcourt – Owerri – Akwa;

Port Harcourt – Bonny; Enugu – Abakaliki;

Akwanga – Keffi – Abuja and Gombe - Yola

– Jalingo. This line would not only link the

oil-producing South-South regions with the

North and the rest of the country, but would

also do what rail transportation does

effectively, and that is, facilitate the

transportation of agricultural products and

livestock, and support industrial development,

while also creating jobs and employment.

The two major by-products of these two

projects are the proposed Bonny Deep Sea

Port, as conceived by Rotimi Amaechi, with a

capacity for 100,000 Dead Weight Tonnes

(DWT), and the Industrial Park project in Port

Harcourt on a land mass of some 54.4 square

kilometres for the purpose of trans-shipment.

For the concession purposes, Messrs. China

Shandong International Economic and

Technical Corporation group has emerged as

the preferred partner, while Messrs. China

Railway Evyman Engineering Corporation

(CREEC) is the reserved bidder.

But many would argue that the real icing on

the cake of the administration’s achievements

to date is the about-to-be-completed 156.5km

double track Standard Gauge line between

Lagos –Ibadan, which, by the way, is a part of

the longer Lagos – Kano line. This project is

historic for one key reason. It is the first time

that a sitting Nigerian government would start

from the scratch to completion stage, a rail

project while in office, since the last time it

happened in 1964; and that last time was when

the construction of the 302km Bauchi –

Maiduguri line was begun in 1961 and

completed in 1964. The second key factor of

the project is the scope of its beauty and

modernity. The sheer joy of watching, before

our very eyes, Chinese and Nigerian

engineers ploughing through thick and

swampy equatorial forests, cutting down giant

vegetation, and painstakingly laying state-ofthe-art

rail sleepers with skill and dexterity,

and then proceeding to roll out air-conditioned

passenger coaches in a record two year time

was a sight to behold.

The raw details of the project, quantities and

all, testify to an engineering feat of

considerable proportion. The entire project

involved some 24.26million square metres of

earth work. There are thirty-one different

categories of bridges in all, made up of extralong

bridges, frame bridges and steel

structure bridges. On its 156 kilometre stretch,

it has 207 culverts, 40 other Railway-Crossing

bridges and 31 pedestrian overpasses, 708

32m-beams, 168 groups of single drive turnout

and one huge 110m tunnel underpass bridge

at Abeokuta. Apart from the Apapa Habour

Station, there are nine stations along the line:

Lagos, Agege, Agbado, Kajola, Papalanto,

Abeokuta, Olodo, Omu-Ado, Ibadan and

Apapa Port stations. Although, its design

capacity is for a 150km an hour speed, it could

conveniently travel at 120km an hour. So fully

equipped are the trains that some of the

Executive and VIP coaches come with

conference rooms and modern counter bars.

The specially manufactured refrigerated

freight locomotives and livestock locomotives

and wagons are as modern as any, anywhere.

Details of the contract include the supply of

adequate spare parts for the Rolling Stock and

the supply of maintenance equipment for a

substantial period of time.

The contract details even go further. In order

to ensure knowledge transfer and the

localising of the manufacturing process,

President Buhari, on the advice of Rotimi

Amaechi, insisted on the immediate

implementation of two other aspects of the

contract from inception, namely, the take-off

of the training of young Nigerian

undergraduates in Railway Engineering and

other important Transport-related disciplines,

in China, under a scholarship scheme to be

paid for by the Chinese, and the establishment

of a Transportation University in Nigeria. As

the Lagos – Ibadan line rolls off its tracks in

December, the first batch of young Nigerian

graduates would be preparing to return home

from China to gradually begin the task of

taking over the eventual running and

maintenance of the industry from the Chinese.

And as part of its Corporate Social

Responsibility, but essentially also in response

to government’s aforementioned demands for

local capacity building and adequate

knowledge transfer, Messrs. CCECC Nigeria

Ltd has established a Transportation

University in Daura, Katsina State. Again, the

first intakes into the University would resume

later in 2019.

Economic benefits

The economic benefits of these programmes,

indeed, of railroad infrastructure are too

numerous to be recounted here. As the

example of India teaches us, economic

miracles come with expansive rail-road

infrastructure. Obviously, rails can carry larger

volumes of goods, over greater distances,

unhindered by traffic jams or even weather

conditions, making it more economical than

road and even water. In our own unique case

in Nigeria, the savings to be made by radically

reducing the carnage on our roads cannot be

quantified in naira and kobo. It is also

significant to note that the benefits of

railroad access far outweigh the

infrastructure costs. It is even far more

significant to note that World Bank studies

demonstrate that the arrival of rail roads in

many developing nations causes real Gross

Domestic Product (GDP), especially in the

agricultural sector, to increase by about 20

per cent. Understandably, 20 per cent of all

monies lent from the World Bank to

developing nations is earmarked for

transportation infrastructure projects, which

is more than for Education, Health and

Social Services put together. Therefore,

money expended on the development of rail

transportation in Nigeria is money well spent.

Read more online at


• Ogunbiyi, a former Managing Director

of Daily Times, is Chairman of TANUS

Books Ltd.


By Bashir Adefaka

A flashback into the little beginning of the

Olori Omo Oba Owu of Owu Kingdom,

Abeokuta, Ogun State, Prince Bola Ajibola,

became necessary when he was celebrated

on his 85th birthday in a prayer session held

at his Olusegun Obasanjo Hilltop GRA,

Abeokuta home.

The occasion was attended by many

dignitaries including the Registrar/Chief

Executive of the Joint Admission and

Matriculation Board (JAMB), Prof. Is-haq


The celebration continued at the Crescent

University Abeokuta (CUAB)’s Bola Ajibola

College of Law (BACOLAW) Auditorium

where the 13th Founder’s Day Lecture of the

university and award of excellence were held

in honour of the retired Judge of the

International Court of Justice (IJC) at The

Hague, Netherlands.

Founder’s Day at Crescent University

Abeokuta had been dedicated by the

university’s Senate and Governing Council

as a yearly event to mark the birthday of the

institution’s proprietor, who is the longest

serving Minister of Justice and Attorney-

General of the Federation.

Apart from his involvement in philanthropy

in the course of which he has produced many

university graduates and chartered

professionals, the Bola Ajibola Community

Award was instituted in 2018 to recognize and

reward excellence.

The first edition of the award was dedicated

to recognizing community policing and the

awards went to the immediate past Ogun State

Commissioner of Police, Ahmed Iliyasu, and

some of his officers.

It is, therefore, the reason a tribute,

published by The DEFENDER in celebration

of the man of exceptional integrity at 84, last

year, said: “The name Bola Ajibola can no

longer need an introduction. So, I do not have

to start my tribute with an introduction of who

the former Attorney-General and Minister of

Justice is.

“What needs continuous mention about the

man who, despite the campaigns of calumny

by his own people at home and in the

community of lawyers where he belonged,

emerged in a globally participated election

at the United Nations (UN) as a Judge of the

International Court of Justice (IJC) at The

Hague, however, is the story of his ‘Golden

Nights’ and how he had survived death four

times just because he had to brush aside his

royalty status to struggle to have a handshake

with a successful future that is being talked

about today.”

That tribute, which attracted wide

commendations, was apt, particularly in the

area of the ‘Golden Nights’. What one has

found out is that the life story of Ajibola will

not be complete without the mention of the

‘Golden Nights’ of sleeplessness when,

according to him, working in the day and

reading with candle lights in the night was

the norm.

One could imagine the stress, therefore, that

the prince of Oba Abdul-Salam Adewunmi

Ajibola, Gbadela II, the Olowu of Owu

Kingdom, Abeokuta, between 1949 and 1972,

must have passed through.

It is no wonder that the heir of the Bola

Ajibola dynasty, Muhammad Mahruf

Adesegun Bola Ajibola (SAN), said: “Baba

had made sure that all the sufferings of his

children he has had. However, he never

allowed our upbringing to be devoid of one

which makes us forget where we are coming

from and where we are going. He is a

religious, God-fearing man and he has

•Prince Bola Ajibola (SAN) left, presenting an

award of excellence to a recipient of Bola Ajibola

Community Service Award during the 13th

Founder’s Day organised to mark his 85th birthday

at Bola Ajibola College of Law Auditorium,

Crescent University Abeokuta.


A judge must be

free of iniquity

• The man who escaped death four times, worked

as Minister for six years without collecting salary,

sold all he had to establish his dream varsity

brought us up along that line.”

Four experiences

History has it that Ajibola’s

father was a recipient of

Queen Elizabeth’s British

Award of Excellence, having

been noticeably active as a

police inspector playing the

role of a crack detective for 13

years before he retired for the

reason of ascension to the

throne in 1949. Of note also

is that Oba Ajibola’s core-life

story has been captured in ‘A

Life of Excellent Service” coauthored

by his son, Bola, and

Chief Oladipo Yemitan.

In a tribute on his 84th

birthday, a writer had said:

“Do I need to mention when

he had actually wanted to

pass on and he let on his gas

cylinder to let loose its content

while sleeping in a locked up

room? That was precisely

one of the four experiences he

had with death. But why

would Abdul-Jabbar

Bolasodun Adesumbo

Ajibola (SAN) want to be

taken away by the content of

a gas cylinder? That is a story

for another day. But the reality

of all of those experiences, from the era of

‘Golden Nights’ to those other ones, boil down

to the fact that achieving greatness in life is

not an easy task.”

The tribute continued: “If I was not lucky to

be alive to see him in his days of the ‘Golden

Nights’ and others because I was not born at

Ajibola, under

whom Vice

President Yemi

Osinbajo served as

Special Assistant

when he (Ajibola)

was Attorney-

General and

Minister of Justice,

did the only law

reform Nigeria has

ever had

that time – only arrived on September 3, 1972

– I was alive, alert to recognising happenings

around me when he became the Attorney-

General of the Federation and I saw Prince

Bola Ajibola as pragmatic person, who went

into government at no cost to government but

at a huge sacrifice and denial of personal

comfort. That was because for the six years,

six months, six weeks, three days and one and

a half hours that he was in office as Minister

of Justice, he earned no kobo from the treasury

of government.

“Rather, he spent his own hard earned

money to take care of his personal needs

required of him to serve his father land. That

is exactly what he did that General

Babangida saw and still sees him as truly an


How best is it then to celebrate a man who

has seen it from his immediate environment

to the global community other than to make

his birthday worthwhile?

This year’s weeklong programme of

events, however, did not just happen the

way of the past.

It happened with reminiscences on

Ajibola as a student to his great

achievements as the first President of the

Nigerian Bar Association (NBA) from

where his activities got the attention of

President Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida

(GCFR) (1985 – 1993) who appointed him

as the Attorney-General of the Federation.

From a humble beginning as a student

of Baptist Boys’ High School Abeokuta,

Ajibola became a World Court Judge, the

President, Arbitration Panel of the World

Bank, the Chairman, International

Boundaries between Nigeria and

Cameroon, Nigerian High

Commissioner to the United Kingdom

and emerged one of 500 most influential

Muslim leaders in the world.

No to ‘brilliant beasts’

He sold all that he had acquired only

for him to invest it in an educational

project to give Nigeria and entire Africa

a brilliant example of well managed


Ajibola has for, close to a decade, been

producing graduates, not as ‘brilliant beasts’

but proudly nurtured in moral and academic

excellence. That is what Crescent University

Abeokuta, considered to be “the peak of my

life achievements”, according to Bola Ajibola,

has done in its 14 years of existence as a

Nigeria’s leading private university.

Speaking at this year’s event of the

Founder’s Day, Ajibola, quoting the late Chief

Obafemi Awolowo, stressed that “recognition

of greatness in others is in itself greatness”,

adding that the recipients of awards deserved


Ajibola, as a statesman, contributes to

national discourse anytime he finds it

desirable. For instance, he showed his

displeasure over the rot in the Nigerian

judiciary against the backdrop of the false

assets declaration charges levelled against

former Chief Justice of Nigeria (CJN) Walter

Onnoghen, saying it was high time all hands

were on deck in support of President

Muhammadu Buhari’s crusade against

corruption. He warned that the nation may

be “stepping on dangerous ground” should

the Federal Government fail to handle the

Onnoghe saga as required.

He said: “It is a very delicate matter. The

moment a judge is to take a decision on

himself, his own proprietary and being found

wanting on issues of which he is supposed to

be a judge, the nation would be stepping on a

very dangerous ground if special care is not

taken in addressing the matter, and that care

should be one in which a judge is free from

any iniquity.

“He should not be found wanting, he should

not be suspected of anything at all. “In other

words, he should not be

corruptible. As a result,

once the CJN is tainted, it

becomes a terrible situation

for the judiciary and the

judiciary must handle the

case with care and

trepidation. He should not

become a judge unto

himself. “But having said

that, such allegations must

be carefully looked into,

they must be carefully

checked. He should be

given the opportunity of

being heard.”

Ajibola, under whom Vice

President Yemi Osinbajo

served as Special Assistant

when he (Ajibola) was

Attorney-General and

Minister of Justice, did the

only law reform Nigeria has

ever had. He once advised

Buhari to stay firm as the

anti-corruption fight he had

engaged in since May 29,

2015 was not going to be an

easy one because people

with complex romance with

corruption, impunity and spirit of not-doing

things properly will hold onto any criminality

in sight to frustrate him.

He cited his own experience fighting

corruption as Minister of Justice, concluding,

however, on an optimistic tone that all will be

well with Nigeria.


SUNDAY Vanguard, APRIL 28, 2019, PAGE 31

48,000 voided votes. How many voided votes

did we have in the state assembly election?

Less than 5,000.

“Our agents were negligent during the

presidential election because those voided

votes, if you had strong agents, they could have

secured them for the APC; so, in the state

assembly election, we retrained our agents and

changed many of them.”

Change of tide

Edo Central Senatorial District has always

been dominated by the PDP but the tide

changed during the state assembly election

when the APC, for the first time since 1999,

won the entire five seats in the district.

The area has always been the stronghold of

the PDP largely due to the influence of the late

Chief Tony Anenih.

It was observed that many of the voters saw

the state assembly election as local seeing it

as a testimonial for the performances of

Obaseki in terms of infrastructure across the

three senatorial districts of the state.

To underscore the importance of winning

the seats in Edo Central, the governor had to

deploy his deputy, Shaibu, his Chief of Staff,

Taiwo Akerele, among other leaders, to Edo

Central, and for several days, he was meeting

with leaders in the district, trying to convince

them on why they should all be in the



By Johnson Osamede

THE success recorded by the All

Progressives Congress (APC) in Edo

State House of Assembly election has

continued to resonate across party faithful

even as they say the result was a referendum

on the popularity and acceptability of

Governor Godwin Obaseki who just returned

from one-month vacation ahead of the

governorship election slated for 2020.

Analysts say media reports of a rift between

Obaseki and his predecessor, Comrade Adams

Oshiohole, were a figment of the imagination

of some supporters of the two men who believed

they could get personal benefits from

continuous reports of a rift.

They said the two men always speak well of

each other and that even though there could

be areas of disagreement, they were being

blown out of proportion for purely selfish


Before Obaseki started his leave during

which he, in an unprecedented manner, handed

over the reins of government to his deputy,

Comrade Philip Shaibu, it was reliably

gathered that while some close party leaders

advised him against it so as to create the

impression that he does not enjoy absolute

loyalty from his deputy who is the political son

of Oshiomhole and should not be trusted with

power, the governor was said to have laughed

it off and told the party leaders that he is running

one government where all of them see

themselves as one family.

He had invited members of the APC from all

over the state to celebrate the party’s resounding

victory in the March 23 state House of

Assembly election where the party won the

entire 24 seats up for


This is the second

time since 1999 when

Edo would be having

all members of a

party in the House,

the first being

between 2003 and

2007 when the entire

members were of the

Peoples Democratic

Party (PDP).

The victory came

two weeks after the

party had a not-tooimpressive


during the

presidential and

National Assembly

elections. In Edo

North, the APC had

swept all the Senate

and three House of

Representatives seats

in the presidential

They said the two

men always speak

well of each other

and that even

though there could

be areas of

disagreement, they

were being blown

out of proportion

for purely selfish


and National

Assembly polls but

lost the entire Edo

Central and parts of

Edo South where it

could not win the Senate and two of the four

House of Representative seats.

A colourful thanksgiving ceremony

organised by the Christian Association of

Nigeria (CAN) in celebration of the landslide


How the tide in

Edo changed after

presidential poll

•Reported rift between Obaseki and

Oshiomhole ‘is figment of imagination’

victory in the state House of Assembly election

was attended by party leaders from across


The governor, in a post-election statement,

said having a one-party House of Assembly

was a plus for the people of the state.

Obaseki also stressed that his administration

would no longer accept boreholes and toilets

as constituency projects from members of the

national and state assemblies.

“I will not accept boreholes and VIP toilets

as constituency projects any more. Edo people

have spoken that they want real change and

we must deliver the change to them”, he said.

“For the elected members of the House of

Assembly, every constituency you represent

must have something meaningful in the budget

on a yearly basis”.

According to him,

duplication of projects

would not be allowed, to

ensure efficient use of the

state’s resources.

Obaseki further said that

he would be holding

interactive sessions with

APC members in the

National Assembly on

monthly basis to review

their projects, noting that

the lawmakers have no

reasons not to deliver good

governance to Edo people

who gave them the

mandate to serve.

Speaking on behalf of

the newly elected state

House of Assembly

members, Hon.

Washington Osifo, said

they would ensure the

executive succeeds on its


“I want to assure you that

you will enjoy our support

and you will be happy at

the end of the day that you

have all the 24 seats in the

state assembly”, Osifo said.

“We will ensure that as you are working for

the good of Edo people, we will give you all

our support”.

The poor outing of Edo APC in the

presidential and National Assembly elections

had been attributed to many factors including

sabotage by party members who were alleged

to have collected millions of naira for

mobilisation and party agents but pocketed

them under the excuse which some described

as flimsy compared to the implication of

losing the election.

The party members were said to have

complained that the governor had been

starving them of funds for over two years and

saw the release of the election money as an

opportunity to line their pockets since they

did not know when such an opportunity would

come again.

It was equally reliably gathered that some

of the party agents were not also forceful in

defending the votes cast in favour of the APC

in the elections as 48,000 votes believed to

have been for the party were voided.

Some party leaders allegedly chose stooges

and family members to act as agents.

Another factor that led to the failure of the

Edo APC at the presidential and National

Assembly polls, it was gathered, was the

influence of some religious leaders,

particularly pastors, who were said to have

been preaching anti-President Muhammadu

Buhari messages to their members and this is

also believed to have had its toll in the urban

local government areas of Oredo, Egor and

Ikpoba-Okha local government areas in Edo

South where the opposition PDP won.


A senior member of the APC told Sunday

Vanguard that even the Presidency was aware

that Buhari would find it difficult to win 40

per cent of the votes in South-South states,

saying that was responsible for Vice President

Yemi Osinbajo’s regular visits to the area not

less than four times before the elections during

which he repeatedly met with the leadership

of CAN and the Pentecostal Fellowship of

Nigeria (PFN).

He said, “But even at that, we still performed

more than we did in Edo in 2015 where we

scored 43 per cent votes for Buhari.

“Because of the popularity of this

government in the state, we were able to

increase the performance to 49.7 per cent in

the 2019 election. The difference between the

two parties was less than 8,000 but we had

Edo North

Edo North is traditionally an APC

stronghold. The National Chairman of the

party, Oshiomhole, commended the peaceful

conduct of the state assembly election in the


He said those who kicked against the

deployment of military for the conduct of the

election were enemies of democracy and


“We had one or two incidents where thugs

allegedly hired by the PDP came to disrupt the

election by shooting sporadically and trying

to cart away election materials but the people

were determined and, with the military

patrolling the area, the situation was brought

to normal”, he said.

“As you know, Ogbido and Ulouke are areas

where APC got 99.9 percent votes during the

presidential and National Assembly elections;

so disrupting the elections would have affected

the results but the military was on hand to

ensure peace and voting commenced.

“This is why when some armchair analysts

disputed the idea of deploying the military

during the general elections, we said only

enemies of democracy, enemies of Nigeria,

enemies of peace and merchants of violence

will support such campaign against military


“Imagine when you deployed unarmed one

or two police officers to a polling unit, what

can they do to gun trotting thugs? They will

watch helplessly when thugs attack.”

Edo South

In Edo South, Obaseki expressed satisfaction

with the turnout of voters in the state assembly


Speaking shortly after voting in Emokpae

Primary School Ward 4 Unit 19 of Oredo local

government area, the governor said, “It is a

local election and the people that are

concerned live in the neighbourhood and in

the same community.

“And you should know that we only have

one election today, so the process is quicker,

but in terms of turnout, I believe we are going

to see a turnout that is slightly higher than

what we saw in the previous elections.”

Observers say politicians and their

supporters who have been chorusing frosty

relationship between Obaseki and

Oshiomhole may have to cast their minds back

to when Buhari visited Edo during the

campaigns ahead of the polls and when

Oshiomhole publicly acknowledged the

performance of Obaseki both as a governor

and politician.

Oshiomhole had said at the campaign rally

held in Benin-City, “I am proud of what, under

your (Obaseki) leadership and guidance, Edo

State has been able to achieve over the past

two years. Because we have worked closely

together, there is no learning curve.

“Whichever sector you have looked at, things

have changed and things will continue to

change. I am not saying things are perfect,

they can never be perfect. I believe Governor

Obaseki has added value and Edo State is

better than I left it.

“This afternoon I am proud of Godwin

Obaseki because I was nervous when I was

coming to Benin. I had followed Mr

President to Akwa Ibom, and I saw what

our people in Akwa Ibom under the

leadership of Senator Godswill Akpabio

did. Then we went to Kogi, our neighbour,

and we saw the turnout and then we went to

Warri and we saw what Warri people did by

saying they have totally and collectively

rejected PDP by the way they turned out. I am

happy, I am proud with the quality of the crowd

that I am seeing here”.


Nigeria’s ‘severely wasted

children’: The inside story

By Chioma Obinna

It is no news that Nigeria ranks high among

countries with unenviable statistics on child

malnutrition. She has the second highest

stunted children in the world with estimated 17

million due to malnutrition and, according to

the United Nations Children’s Fund, UNICEF,

25 million of the children under the age of five

are wasting. Most of the children are from the

North-East and suffering due to insurgency.

Today, it is also not news that Nigerians are

hungry but the danger is the fact that they are

only interested in having a full belly without

minding the quality of the food. Meanwhile,

nutrition indicators show that the current

situation in the country is dangerous for children

who are the future leaders.

According to UNICEF, malnutrition is a

condition that results from eating a diet lacking

in nutrients. The damage resulting from

malnutrition to physical and cognitive

development during the first two years of a child’s

life is largely irreversible. Sunday Vanguard writes

that Nigeria may be breeding a malnourished

generation in future.

Recovering but with a blemish

As ten-month-old Halimat Ahmed rests on her

mother’s shoulder, her sunken eyes are enough

to attract sympathy even from the hard-hearted.

Her lips were filled with drool, arms as tiny as a

broomstick. She keeps sulking. A closer look at

the baby shows a clear difference from old Halimat

when she was six months old. Her frame doesn’t

fit the frame of a10-month-old baby.

Like every other mother, Halima’s mother is

worried that she might lose her. Halimat is the

only surviving child of her parents after

insurgency hit her community. Halimat is

struggling to survive Severe Acute Malnutrition,

SAM, an extreme form of malnutrition that

makes its victims weak, skeletal and requires

urgent treatment. Thanks to a UNICEFnutrition

supported program in IDP camps where

she was urgently treated to stop the devastating

effect of SAM, Halimat was treated with Ready

to Use Therapeutic Food, RUTF, which helps

malnourished children regain lost nutrients. The

girl has recovered. But did she recover without

blemish? Will she grow like other children? These

and more are the questions surrounding victims

of malnutrition. She is one of the Nigerian

children born in a small community in Borno

State where insurgency has escalated

malnutrition and brought about high food

insecurity, as well as sub-optimal infant and

young children feeding practices.

The nation is facing SAM that has claimed

thousands of children. Findings show that one

in 10 of severely wasted children worldwide lives

in Nigeria.

Halimat is among the 35 million children aged

five and below in the North-East affected by SAM

due to insurgency. Recent figures from the United

Nations Children’s Fund, UNICEF, revealed that

Global Acute Malnutrition, GAM, in the region

has crossed the threshold for “serious”.

According to the World Health Organisation,

WHO, classification for “serious” is for levels of

combined moderate and acute malnutrition

exceeding 10 in 100 children.

Worse still, the levels of malnutrition in three

states in the North-East - Central Borno,

Municipal Maiduguri, Jere; and South, Central

and North of Yobe - have crossed the threshold.

However, Halimat and other victims of

malnutrition will suffer long term effects of

malnutrition, especially in adulthood.

According to UNICEF, although death is the

worst outcome of malnutrition’s ugly grasp, it is

not the only outcome as children who survive

can face an unending list of devastating side

effects that last a lifetime.

Studies show that most of the victims are

prevented from achieving success in school and

pursuing meaningful work in


Like Halimat, children

affected by malnutrition battle

with challenges such as

increased vulnerability to

diseases, developmental delays,

stunted growth and even

blindness. Such children,

according to experts, will not be

able to contribute to the

development of the country or

achieve their dreams.

According to UNICEF

Nutrition Specialist, Akure

Field Office, Mrs Ada Ezeogu,

during an interaction on child

nutrition, an estimated 17

million or 43.6 per cent of

children in Nigeria under the

age of five have their bodies and

minds limited by stunting.

Ezeogu described stunting as

a manifestation of the severe,

irreversible physical and

cognitive damage caused by

chronic malnutrition early in a

child which is one of the most

significant barriers to human



Studies show that beyond the age of 2-3, the

effects of chronic malnutrition are irreversible. This

means that to break the intergenerational

transmission of poverty and malnutrition,

children at risk must be reached during their first

two years of life.

Children who do not reach their optimum

height or consistently experience bouts of weight

loss during childhood are affected in the long term

in numerous ways.

They do not reach their optimum size as adults

Children who do

not reach their

optimum height

or consistently


bouts of weight

loss during

childhood are

affected in the

long term in

numerous ways

and may have less physical capacity for work,

their brains are affected resulting in lower IQs

and they are at greater risk of infection which

kills many children during their early years.

Child malnutrition also impacts on educational

attainment. The degree of cognitive

impairments is directly related to the severity of

stunting and Iron Deficiency Anaemia. Studies

show that stunted children in the first two years

of life have lower cognitive test scores, delayed

enrolment, higher absenteeism and more class

repetition compared with non-stunted children.

It also impacts on economic productivity. The

mental impairment caused by iodine deficiency

is permanent and directly linked to productivity

loss. The loss from stunting is calculated as 1.38

per cent reduced productivity for every 1 per cent

decrease in height while 1percent reduced

productivity is estimated for every 1percent drop

in iron status, according to Haddad and Bouis,


Lip service

Adults who were

undernourished as children are

at risk of developing diseases

such as obesity, diabetes and

cardiovascular issues.

Regardless, Nigeria is said to

be paying lip service to issues

of child nutrition. Some

states are yet to provide a

budget line for nutrition.

Malnutrition, according to

experts, is caused by a

combination of complicated

factors including poverty,

political instability; climate

change, feeding practices,

disease, contaminated water,

poor sanitation among others.

Nigeria is battling with these


Extremely poor

According to the World

Poverty Clock, no fewer than

91.6 million Nigerians are

extremely poor and living on

less than one dollar per day.

Prices of foodstuff are

unpredictable and many

parents are jobless and lack the

purchasing power to buy healthy, nutritious foods.

According to the latest National Nutrition and

Health Survey, NNHS, 2018, acute malnutrition

remains at alert levels while chronic malnutrition,

as characterised by stunting, remains the biggest

burden at serious or high levels according to

WHO/UNICEF classification.

The 2018 NNHS shows that acute malnutrition

levels have remained at 19.9 per cent, 3.5 per

cent higher than the global estimate of 15 per


The country’s Exclusive Breastfeeding, EBF,

rate is also low, no thanks to the inability of

mothers to breastfeed their children exclusively

for the first six months of life.

Currently, 3 in 4 babies are not exclusively

breastfed, a practice, according to scientists,

reduces the number of child deaths from


The 2018 NNHS also shows that breastfeeding

remains widespread among the Nigerian


Child feeding indicators are poor and suboptimal.

The survey reveals that more than 80

per cent of newborns do not timely receive milk

and colostrums within one hour of birth; only 27

per cent of 0-5 months old infants are breastfed

exclusively, and so majority are introduced to

complementary foods before the age of six months

earlier than the time WHO/UNICEF’s

recommended that mothers exclusively breastfeed

their children, and in the process predisposing

the children to unhygienic feeding conditions and

vulnerability to illnesses and malnutrition.

Nearly 60 per cent of the children (6-24 months)

assessed were not fed to the recommended

minimum meal frequency for their age and

breastfeeding status; 65 per cent do not meet the

minimum dietary diversity and only 17 per cent

of children aged 6-23 months receive the

minimum acceptable diet while less than 50 per

cent are fed on iron-containing foods.

The 2018 NNHS further reveals that the

national GAM prevalence among children 6-59

months of age based on weight-for-height was

7.0 per cent with MAM of 5.5 per cent and SAM

of 1.5 per cent. The rates indicate that acute

malnutrition levels have remained at alert levels

of 5-9.9 per cent over the years since 2014. The

prevalence of underweight among children aged

0-59 months was 19.9 per cent, just at the margin

of the 20 per cent threshold for “serious” situation

that it has been since 2014, higher than the global

estimate of 15 per cent but consistent with the

rates in the West and Central Africa region.

The prevalence of stunting was 32.0 per cent

and has remained the largest burden of

malnutrition with stagnated rates of above 30

per cent since 2014, and with many states in the

North-West and North-East recording prevalence

above 40 per cent- the WHO critical levels.

Addressing malnutrition

The survey recommends that improving

nutrition in the first1, 000 days window and in

adolescent girls was critical to improving the

nutrition status of the entire population of


According to the President of Nutrition Society

of Nigeria, Dr Bartholomew Brai, nutrition is a

fundamental right.

Without good nutrition, Brai says the mind and

body cannot function well, hence, appropriate

investments on good nutrition can help reduce

the global burden of diseases and impaired quality

of life.

At a workshop on ‘Advancing Nutrition, Health

and Wellness through the Media’, organised by

Nestlé Nigeria and the Lagos Business School,

he said proper investment on nutrition can help

to improve our health, prevent certain diseases,

maintain a desirable weight, and maintain

Nigerian’s energy and vitality.

To him, good nutrition leads to higher earnings

and mental acuity, which, in turn, supports

macroeconomic and societal growth.

Critical health watchers believe that there is

need to intensify efforts to reduce stunting

through proper nutrition, especially now that

Nigeria was at a critical stage of malnutrition

and proper nutrition is germane to human growth

and a well-nurtured generation will contribute

meaningfully to the development of the society.


Hello kids out


Sure you are enjoying the

holiday. Holiday is a time



rest, relax and cool your

brain for the next task. The next

task before you is the Third Term

where you have to work hard to

be promoted to a new class.

So, as children, you have the

right to relax and enjoy your self.

But if your performance in the last

two terms was low, you have to find

time out of your relaxation time to

work on yourself to be able to cope

when you resume at school.

Parents should also understand

that to get good results from these

children, they should be allowed

to maximise their holiday to rest.

If a child is not doing well, the child

can be helped during the

holidays but, it must not take

away her right to leisure.

It is not much about how many

teachers you employed to teach a

child, it is how much the child can


Kids, relax and have fun. It is

your right

Have a blessed and robust week

A world of fun

for Kids at



avent Street Live organised

three days festival for Kids at

Funderland with an all-expense

paid trip to Disneyland, Paris.

According to the Founder, Bavent

Street Live, Hakeem Condotti, the

event was designed to bring kids

together to have fun and also

learn. He added that lots of

activities were packed to ensure

kids find a convenient spot to

relax and enjoy maximum fun

during the festive season.

At the event, Kids Funderland

focused on themed activities like

Easter egg hunts, electric dance floor,

art and crafts, cartoon characters and

a special performance by Dream

Catchers Dance Academy.

These activities were planned not

just to keep the kids entertained but

also expose them to educational

activities created to ignite interests

in a wide range of topics such as

coding, graphic design, robotics and

web design.

Aside from the amazing activities,

other highlights at the event were the

giveaways won as special prizes;

such as shopping vouchers, a

weekend stay in a luxurious hotel

in Victoria Island, Lagos and an

all-expense paid trip to

Disneyland in Paris for a family of





E- mail Electronic Mail


Economic and Financial Crimes Commission


World Wide Web


Millennium Developmental Goals


Information and Communication Technology


Federation of International Football Associations


Economic Community of West Africa States


British Broadcasting Corporation


Acquired immune Deficiency Syndrome


AUTOMATED Teller Machine

Tomorrow is in your hands

to win or lose

Every parent or guardian or

caregiver are first of all a

mirror to a child or children

in their care. They mirror every single

action or words spoken when they are

around. You may wonder why a five

year-old girl, especially in

Yorubaland, will spread his or her

palm on someone and curse, “iya e”

This is a curse to a mother. Definitely,

it is what he or she sees or hears in

his or her first environment. If care

is not taken, the child grows up with

that thought and begins to curse at

any little opportunity. Train children

on positive thought pattern. As

parents, think and do positive things

Long ago, there was a trader

named Sripad. He amassed a

huge wealth by his hard work. He

had everything in his house.

One day, he set out on a trade

journey. When he was passing

through a forest, he felt tired and

wanted to take a rest for some

time. He sat under a tree to relax.

While relaxing, he felt thirsty

and desired for a glass of water:

‘If only I had some water with

which to quench my thirst right

now!’ There was a miracle. No

sooner did he wish for water than

a pitcher appeared before him. He

quenched his thirst and felt


After some time, he felt hungry

and wished for food. He said to

himself: ‘If a plate of tasty food

be available to me now, I would

be really lucky.’

As soon as he thought of it, there

appeared a plate of tasty food

before him. He ate to his

satisfaction. Too much food made

him drowsy and he murmured,

‘How can I sleep on this rough

surface? Why shouldn’t there be

a soft bed for me?’ As he uttered

in front of your children to align their

thoughts positively, so that all they

do and think about is positive


Cases of abuse have continued to

be in the increase. Its like

perpetrators are increasing in this

evil act and one wonders how a child

as low in age as two, three years are

abused. I realize that it couldn’t have

happened without it first happening

in their mind because whatever one

does in life its provoked by a

thought. So, you cannot take your

thoughts out of your actions.

As children of yesterday have

become adults today, molesting



these vulnerable children both boys

and girls, I believe, many of them

have grown up with negative

thoughts, that they unleash on


To avoid a more violent future

against children, parents should

begin to impart positive thoughts

and actions into children. Let them

know they are a reflection of their

thoughts. If you are successful, it is

a reflection of your thoughts and if

otherwise, it is still the same

reflection of your thoughts. Let them

know that they should tell

themselves positive things daily!

They must love themselves internally

to glow externally.

According to a quote by Lyndon B.

Johnson, “Yesterday is not ours to

recover, but tomorrow is ours to win

or lose”. Parents, its in your hands.


these words, a colourful and

comfortable bed of velvet

appeared before him


Sripad slept on the bed. He felt

as if he was in heaven as all his

desires were being fulfilled

immediately. He was quite

unaware that he was sleeping

under a tree which could fulfill

any desires. It was not an

ordinary tree but a tree that had

the powers to fulfill any desires.

Sripad enjoyed a good sleep on

the velvet bed. When he woke, he

began to think, ‘I am all alone in

the forest which is full of wild



animals like lions, tigers and

wolves who may come at any

moment and could kill me. I

would not be able to protect


As he thought, a ferocious tiger

appeared and attacked him. Poor

Sripad was so scared that he

could not even run. Thus, he was

killed because of his negative


LESSON: It is said that a man

is always led by his thought. If

you think positive, it will lead to

positive results. If it is negative

thoughts, you will get negative

results too.

Do you know this expression?

To push at an open door

you push at an open door, it simply means that you achieve what

you want easily because a lot of people agree with you or help you. For

example, a politician can win an election if lots of people support him and his

political ideas and this makes his campaign programs merely an act of pushing

at an already opened door.

When a door is already opened, it is very easy to go in and pushing at it is just

an act guaranteed to give you easier access into the room.

Numbers to Call

Aunty Funmi – 08052201992

WARIF- 07038864169

Lagos State Women Affairs & Poverty Alleviation

(WAPA) – 01- 7617508, 01- 7308112

Lagos Education And Resource Network (LEARN)

– 07027950412

Lagos State Ministry of Youth & Social Welfare – 09077333426 /


Lagos State Office of Public Defender – 01- 7926928

Mirabel- 07013491769


A change of attitude

is desirable

The Easter holiday is over

but Christ remains with


Ḣow do I know? The Holy

Bible gives us assurance of this

in many verses but for our purpose,

we’ll consider, the word

of God as stated in Isaiah 53

vs. 5 “ But he was wounded

for our transgressions he was

bruised for our iniquities: the

chastisement of our peace was

upon him; and with his stripes

we are healed”.

Many Christians tend to pay

more attention to the last part

of this verse “ with his stripes

we are healed”. This particular

part of the verse we often

remember when we are in

pains. Or when someone dear

to us is ill. Which is quite in

order but our Lord Jesus

means more to us.

We should always remember,

“ he was bruised for our

iniquities”. In other words, for

the sins committed by you and

I, he was bruised.

I share with you, a part of

the sermon of Pastor Gbenga

Oso, the General Overseer of

Laughter Foundation Ministry.

He reminded us that with

the death and resurrection of

Christ, we have the power to

overcome sin. It simply means

that if Christ did not succumb

to the devil’s temptation, you

too can defeat the devil.

To defeat the devil, your attitude

to the word of God must

change. You must move from

hearing the word to living by

the Word. Once we live by the

word, our chances of failing

victims of Satan and his antics

are remote.

Our Lord Jesus said to us in

John 14vs. 27 “ Peace I leave

with you, my peace I give unto

you: not as the world giveth,

give I unto you. Let not your

heart be troubled, neither let

it be afraid”.

With this, you need not be

afraid of anything. Christ has

overcome all challenges but

you need to change your attitude

towards the Lord. You

cannot afford to be a Christian

that refers to the Holy

Bible only on Sundays. You

need to make the word of God

your companion.

Hebrew 4 vs. 12 -14 reminds

us “ For the word of God is

quick, and powerful, and

sharper than any two edged

sword, piercing even to the

dividing asunder of soul and

spirit, and of the joints and

marrow and is a discerner of

the thoughts and intents of the


Neither is there any creature

that is not manifest in his

sight: but all things are naked

and opened unto the eyes of

him with whom we have to


Ṡeeing then that we have a

great high priest, that is passed

into the heavens, Jesus the Son

of God, let us hold fast to our


Need I say more? This passage

is loaded with meaning.

It is clear that the Word of

God has a great impact on

our thoughts and activities.

We are assured that with the

right attitude, we are empowered

to overcome all challenges

because Jesus has borne our

entire burden.

Brethren, you must arise

and claim your victory that

the death and resurrection of

Christ has given us.

No child of God should allow

any challenge to bring

down your faith. Refuse to accept

it as fate. Neither, health

challenges, barrenness, financial

limitation or any challenge

should overpower your


Ist John 4 vs. 4 gives us confidence

“ Ye are of God, little

children, and have overcome

them: because greater is he

that is in you, than he that is in

the world”.

Challenges are of the world.

Either, they are afflictions

from fellow human beings or

inflicted on us by the forces of


But be assured that darkness

can never overshadow

light. No matter how long

darkness has been with us, a

moment of light will change

all things.

Where time does not

permit praying

together, whenever

you are praying

make sure you pray

for your spouse

Jesus said to us, in John 9 vs.

5 “…. I am the light of the

world of the world”.

Brethren, connect with the

Light of the world and all

forms of darkness will vanish.

Whatever it is that you do not

want represents a dark spot

in your life.

Resist the temptation to seek

a short cut to the end of any

challenge in your life. Jesus

is the way. You only need to

trust and obey and you will

soon sing songs of victory

over that challenge.

About two weeks ago, I

heard the story of a Nigerian

couple in Europe who gave

birth to a set of triplets. The

wife was about 55 and the

husband closer to 60.

A great miracle of God.

The story I was told was that

the couple had been under

serious pressure from relations

especially the mother in

law. The woman became so

worried that she advised her

son to come home and secretly

take a wife in the village.

Since the wife lives in Europe,

the plan was that she would

never know.

Her son bluntly refused. His

mother went about telling everyone

who cared to listen that

her daughter in law had bewitched

her son. In her opinion

that is the reason her son

didn’t accept her suggestion.

Somehow, her plans leaked

to the wife who insisted that it

is only God that gives children.

She intensified prayers

and went for IVF. To the glory

of God, she gave birth to a

set of triplets, two boys and a

girl but the mother in law did

not live to see the grandchildren

she wanted by all means.

She had died a few months

before the children were born

from health issues associated

with worries.

This is why we need to be

careful and be patient when

confronted with challenges.

Had her son, heeded her

wrong advice, his matrimonial

life would have become

complicated because what

he plans to be a secret will

blow open someday and this

could destabilize his matrimonial


Brethren, at a time like this,

we need to renew our faith in

the Lord, ask for forgiveness

and seek the mercy of God.

Believe it or not, there is hard-

ly any human being without

a challenge. It only varies.

Sometimes, these challenges

come as a test to our faith.

Let’s consider the story of

Isaac and Rebekah. Genesis

25 vs. 21 “ And Isaac entreated

the LORD for his wife, because

she was barren: and

the LORD was entreated of

him, and Rebekah his wife


Note that Isaac did not

blame his wife for barrenness

as many men do today. Rather,

he lifted up his voice and

prayed for God’s mercy for her

and God answered his


This should be the attitude

of couples to all challenges.

Couples need to pray together

to overcome a challenge.

Is your husband facing a

challenge at work? As a wife,

you cannot afford to be indifferent.

Go on our knees and

pray. Fast if need be and God

will intervene.

Where time does not permit

praying together, whenever

you are praying make sure

you pray for your spouse.

A joyful home is one in

which Christ reigns.

Brethren, do not allow the

Blood of Jesus to be shed in

vain in your life.

Resolve to live by his Word

and it shall be well with you

in Jesus name.

By the grace of God, whatever

has been dormant in your

life will receive the power of

resurrection in Jesus name.

Remain blessed.



Are You Colour Savvy?

Group advises NNPC not to relocate NGMC headquarters to Abuja

The Amalgamated Niger

Delta Force has advised

Nigerian National Petroleum

Corporation,NNPC, not to

yield to alleged moves by certain

persons in the company

to relocate Nigerian Gas

Marketing Company

(NGMC), Ekpan in Uvwie

Local Government Area of

Delta State to Abuja.

This was contained in an

open letter to President Muhammadu

Buhari titled: ' The

cabal's final slot to relocate

Nigerian Gas Marketing

Company (NGMC) to Abuja '

What is your favorite colour?Colour

ence, we are affected

plays a signifi

cant part of our exist

everyday by the colours that

surround us. Colour can psychologically

and emotionally

make us happy, put a spring

in our step or make us feel

gloomy, grumpy and sad.

Most times people wear colour

without really understanding

its direct impact on how

they are perceived through

their clothing. Many professionals

wear colours for the

sake of it, at times mismatching

colours that almost indicate

they may have an element

of colour blindness. The

tendency for most men is to

group colours according to

their similarity. That is why

yellow can pass for gold and

teal can pass for green, orange

and pink can fall into the family

of red.

There are many ways you

can express your unique personality,

through your fashion

sense, style, characteristics

and now through colour.

When you decided to wear that

suit, that blouse or shirt or that

tie this morning, did you consider

the matching accessories,

shoes, jewellery or bag.

Studies have shown that colours

does affect the decisions

we make and the things we

tend to notice. Let’s look at it

closer, everywhere we look we

are surrounded by colour.

Color attracts us and moves

us to act psychologically.

Bright colours like Yellow or

orange are vibrant colours

that lift your smile, put a

spring in your step and make

you feel happy. Dark colours

give a neutral effect & emotion,

more solemn and less

exciting. Why do you think

stop signs are red? Red is an

attention grabber raising

blood pressure .It turns heads

and makes people stop or act;

the colour green on the other

hand cools ones feelings &

and made available to the


In the letter signed by Abel

Peretubor ( Coordinator General),

Chief Temi Ayemi ( Interface

Ethnics Coordinator),

Hon. Okpako Ovie (Diaspora

Affairs), Comrade Ogaga

Onoriode ( Planning & Logistics),

Ach. Tombra Ototo (Mobilizing

Coordinator), and Sir

Bemigho Edah ( Infor/ Statistics

Coordinator), the group

recalled that Vice President

Yemi Osinbajo while he acted

as the President of the country,

gave a directive that all

oil and gas companies should

relocate their headquarters to

their host communities but it

was jettisoned by the same cabal.

"The same people are now

bent on relocating and moving

the headquarters of

NGMC from Warri to Abuja

Central Business District at

the detriment of the people of

Delta State and indeed Southern

Nigeria from where gas is

produced. "

The group alleged further

that the same sect said Warri

was for management meet-

emotions down. Therefore at

the traffic light you go on

green calmly. As an image

consultant a personal colour

analysis the act of assessing

which colours suit you best, is

recommended for a number

of beneficial reasons.

i. To improve one’s appearance

ii. To enhance confidence

and self esteem

iii. To save time while

shopping as it becomes easier

to choose clothes confidently

iv. To give you value for

your money after purchase

When you want to colour

your style, your choice of colours

should be such that they

flatter your complexion. The

colour should brighten you

up, make you look vibrant,

energetic even as if you were

well rested. The theory of colour

says that you are either

cool toned or warm toned. Essentially

if you are relatively

dark shades in your complexion

you have pigments of blue

in your skin tone and therefore

you are considered to be

cool toned; otherwise if you

are much lighter you are said

to have pigments of yellow in

your skin, suggesting that you

are warm toned.

The best thing with colour

is to combine well, you may

decide to wear all warm colours

or all cool colours from

top to bottom. When you mix

and match contrasting

colors, you make a bold statement.

Depending on your profession

it is important to be

wary of the colours you choose

to wear so that you do not take

away your authentic, authoritative

and respective look.

Ideally the most authoritative

ings, " yet oil and gas are not

insecure to be extracted from

Warri's soil".

The Amalgamated Niger

Delta Force in the letter noted

that NGC/ NGMC and

NPDC remain the cash cow

of NNPC operating in Edo /

Delta states and that since

1990, there has been no security

challenges in Warri, adding

that NGC/ NGMC declared

billions of naira as profit

to sustain the economy of

the country.

The group then cautioned

that any attempt to relocate

colours to have in your wardrobe

are Black, Navy, Charcoal

Grey and a lighter shade

of grey. You may blend shirts

and tops or blouses and camisoles

that are much lighter in

contrast to give it that complete


Always choose colours of

fabrics that match your skin

tone. Your complete colour

style should flatter your figure

& personality, it should

Identify your strengths and

flaunt your assets to bring out

the best look in you. Black

they say makes you look thiner,

It is a colour of authority

and power while White is an

everyday wear but looks better

when worn in the daytime

as it stands for purity. Red is

authoritative and striking, it

looks good in dresses or a tie

with a white shirt & black suit

to give astriking power look.

Blue is considered the most

worn colour which goes well

for both formal & business as

usual. Just for your perusal let

me leave you with the psychological

meaning of some colours:

What is your favorite



Strength, Courage, Power, Intensity

ORANGE: Energy,

Enthusiasm, Compassion,


YELLOW: Communication,

Creativity, Conscious



the said companies from the

Warri area to either Lagos or

Abuja will further impoverish

Niger Delta economy which

it noted was striving to improve

due to the present Federal

Government's efforts of