International Cargo Bike Festival 2019



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4 Jos Sluijsmans: “Cargo bikes are booming”

7 Racing with cargo bikes

8 Gemeente Groningen: “Happy with any


cargo bike that replaces a van”

Colophon: ICBF

Magazine is a publication


copyright © 2019.


LA Communicatie


Avancé Communicatie

Print: Zalsman

Editing: Tom Parr


Rear cover photo credit:


10 Urban Arrow: “The right bike for every cargo“

12 Urban Arrow: “Electrify your business”

14 DOCKR: “Flexible, sustainable urban logistics”

16 Get the picture!

17 International Cargo Bike of the Year

18 Bogbi: “Cargo Bikes for peace”

20 Service Logistics in cities: Go Electic

22 RYTLE’s revolutionary efficient concept

23 Cycling Without Age

24 RIPPL: “Stadswerkplaats Groningen”

26 CycleSpark: “Cargo Bikes for Circular Cities“

27 Modacity: “The Dutch Blueprint for Urban Vitality”





Cargo bikes are booming

Jos Sluijsmans, Director of the International Cargo Bike Festival

On the eve of the International Cargo Bike Festival 2019, to be held in

the Dutch city of Groningen – the ‘G-spot of Bicycle Culture’ – Festival

Director Jos Sluijsmans feels we are on the verge of a worldwide cargo

bike revolution. “There are a lot of people who long for cities that are

not built around cars, but are designed for humans.” The tide is

definitely turning.

After last year’s edition in Berlin, the

ICBF 2019 will be held in Groningen.

What made you decide to hold the

festival there?

Well, the municipality of Groningen invited

me to organise the ICBF in their city. They

were enthusiastic and had great plans, so

I couldn’t resist. With 200,000 inhabitants,

Groningen is by far the largest city in the

north of the Netherlands, and its student

population makes it a vibrant and lively

place. It’s also a global leader when it

comes to cycling. No less than 61% of all

trips in the city are taken by bike!

According to some measures this is the

highest level of urban cycling in the world.

It’s one of the reasons why Copenhagenizer

Mikael Colville-Andersen named Groningen

“the G-spot of Bicycle Culture”. And despite

this success it could use some more “bling”,

some spectacular cycling infrastructure like

the Hovenring in Eindhoven or the Dafne

Schippersbrug in Utrecht; a never-seenbefore

cargo bike parking facility in the city

for instance would be a great idea to keep

the legacy of the International Cargo Bike

Festival alive.

‘Do not underestimate

the amount of people

who want their cities to

be safer, cleaner and


What can we expect in Groningen

after the huge success of last year’s

ICBF at VELOBerlin, at the former

airport Tempelhof in Berlin?

Every year we see an exceptional

acceleration of developments in the

world of cargo bikes and cycle logistics;

new products, new organisations, new

initiatives. One of the remarkable things

about this year’s ICBF is the attention from

more far away countries. Before, the ICBF

was mainly an European event. It still is, but

this year it is truly “International”; we have

participants from Hong Kong, Taiwan, the

Philippines and Japan, and we will welcome

a delegation from Colombia. Participants

from Iran, Guadeloupe and Australia have

registered for the Conference.

These are ambitious plans. How

do you think Groningen is going to

achieve all that?

Within the next couple of years Groningen

aims to facilitate and promote the

opportunities of cycle logistics to their

fullest potential. Groningen already has

some great pedal-powered companies

and initiatives, such as Cycloon Post &

Fietskoeriers, Go-Fast Bicycle Delivery

Services, De Stadswerkplaats classic cargo

bike rental, FoodDrop and Dropper, Spaak

cycle cafe, DHL City Hub, PostNL Hub,

GoederenHubs, partners of the Fuel Cell

Cargo Pedelecs project, and more. They are

definitely on the right track and it’s good to

have the ICBF be a part of that.


Of course it’s not just Groningen where

these things happen. What’s your opinion on

developments in sustainable transport and

city logistics elsewhere?

There are several developments in the Netherlands,

and internationally too, that will support the increase

of the use of cargo bikes in our cities. Recently the

authorities in Amsterdam launched a plan to forbid

fossil fuel vehicles within “the Ring” (the highway A10,

which encircles the city centre) from 2030. That could

have a great effect on the rise and development of

all kinds of small electric vehicles, including e-cargo

bikes. And cities all over Europe are working on

that, such as Paris, London, Oslo, Edinburgh and

Madrid. This generates a very positive vibe. You know,

five years ago I saw a cargo bike in the streets of

Nijmegen, where I live, just every now and then. The

other day I counted ten cargo bikes during a twenty

minute bike ride to the train station. Surely that’s a

good sign! And another thing: even Mark Rutte, the

fairly right-wing Dutch prime minister, has said he

considers cargo bikes the perfect replacements for

small vans, with zero nuisance and zero emission.

Not everybody is happy to exchange their car

for a bicycle, though.

Maybe not. Or not yet. (laughs) But do not

underestimate the amount of people who want their

cities to be safer, cleaner and healthier places to

live in. There are a lot of people who long for cities

that are not built around cars, but are designed for

humans, on a human scale. That makes low or zero

emission inner cities politically much more viable.

And I don’t think we really have a choice. Cities are

overcrowded with cars.

‘It’s just common sense.

Cargo bikes are a lot

quicker than cars’

Fossil fuels will not be around forever. Besides,

it’s just common sense. Cargo bikes are a lot

quicker than cars these days. Cargo bikes

delivering goods is an everyday occurrence

already – not only for companies such as DHL,

PostNL and Coolblue, but also, in the very near

future, for the likes of and Amazon.

Apart from that we can expect a serious amount

of growth in the use of cargo bikes and light

electric freight vehicles in the field of service


The tide for cargo bikes is definitely

turning, do you think?

Yes, definitely. Countries all over the world

are interested in developing cycling policies.

And that creates a much bigger international

market for developing, building and selling cargo

bikes. The potential is huge. (smiles) Even car

manufacturers such as Volkswagen are now

producing cargo bikes – low quality bikes for

now, but the fact that they’re interested shows

that cargo bikes are seen as a serious business

opportunity. And another example: Gazelle,

owned by PON Group, started a new cargo bike

line and PON Group also took 20% shares in

the Accell group of Babboe and Centaur Cargo.

Cargo bikes are becoming big business.


3, 2, 1 Cargo!

Racing with Cargo bikes


Simon Chrobak,

Cargo bikes are handy and can be seen more often in everyday life. Whether

for shopping, messenger rides or child transport: they offer a variety of

possibilities for sustainable mobility. But cargo biking as a sport? This is the

story of the young, up-and-coming sport: cargo bike racing!

The route is marked out, the load is ready, the competitors are lined up at the start.

Then someone shouts: “3, 2, 1 ...Cargo!” And off they go!

The course is usually between 200 - 500m long, and a

race consists of several laps. This makes it attractive for

audiences, who can be close to the action. After a few

turns and chicanes, riders enter the loading zone. The

load, usually consisting of crates, car tyres, canisters

or weights, has to be stowed completely, safely and as

quickly as possible onto the bike. The next part is the crux

of the race: The riders have to transport the load - often

including heavy, bulky and fragile items - for another lap.

After unloading the final lap follows.

The mother of all contests is certainly the famous

Svajerløb in Copenhagen, Denmark. People have been

racing cargo bikes there for the past 100 years. These

days there is a growing scene, especially in Germany, with

races in Berlin, Münster, Dortmund and Augsburg. There

are also growing scenes elsewhere, such as in France and

the UK; and of course this year in the Netherlands at the


Anybody can ride fast, but in cargo bike racing is also

about your load-securing skills. The load has to be

transported around sharp turns and over bumps without

loss or breakage. No mean feat. That’s why it’s not only

about muscle power, but also about skilful loading and

cargo bike handling - both with and without a load. Do

I take a large box or do I secure the load with lashing

straps? Cargo bike races offer the audience fast racing

action that is close enough to touch and much more

entertaining than other bike races.

The cargo bike racing at ICBF2019 takes place on the

Sunday afternoon, and is being organised by Cycloon

Post & Fietskoeriers and


“We’re happy with any cargo

bike that replaces a van”

Sjouke van der Vlugt, Urban Development Officer at the City of Groningen,

on how the International Cargo Bike Festival came to Groningen

For three days this June, the city of

Groningen will devote itself to the

International Cargo Bike Festival (ICBF).

The Suikerfabriekterrein, a post-industrial

former site of a sugar factory on the edge

of the city centre, is being taken over by

cargo bikes, or in good Dutch ‘bakfietsen’!

Last year the ICBF was held in Berlin, and

before that for six years in the southern

Dutch city of Nijmegen. Now it’s the turn

of Groningen, and according to Sjouke

van der Vlugt, Urban Development Policy

Officer that is a great thing “because whilst

Groningen is a genuine cycling city, it is not

yet really a cargo bike city.”

Cargo Bike Guru

In 2017 during the Dutch National Cycling

Conference in Tilburg, Sjouke spoke to

ICBF Director and “Cargo Bike Guru”

Jos Sluijsmans. “ ‘Isn’t it time the festival

came to Groningen?’, I asked Jos, and told

him about our plans for the city. Jos was

enthusiastic, as were our management

and board. The result? The festival came to

Groningen in 2019.”

Green and safe city logistics

“Holding the ICBF here fits in really well

with our ambitions for green and safe city

logistics; sustainable and

good for public health,” Van der Vlugt

continues, “Cargo bikes are central to this

vision. We need our city centre businesses

to use different supply vehicles. Vehicles

that fit the city better. Vehicles that fit in

with our city centre improvement project

“Ruimte voor Jou” (Space for You), which

says that we need to be smarter with the

space that is available in the city and make

more room for pedestrians and cyclists. The

city council’s political coalition agreement

also states we have to reclaim public space;

something that is very significant indeed.”

Cycle Logistics

In recent years there have been a multitude

of experiments with cycle logistics in

Groningen, and now there are several

pilot projects under way in the city. Van

der Vlugt: “We ran a trial in one of our

busiest city centre streets with cargo bike

delivery and currently have a decorating

and a maintenance business who have

both exchanged their vans for cargo

bikes. In addition, a student at university

in Leeuwaarden, under the guidance

of Edwin de Jager, is carrying out her

graduate internship on the subject of

cycle logistics.



What do we need to look at? Should we re-engineer our streets? If so, what are the

consequences? What are the bottlenecks? It’s really interesting stuff. An increasing

number of organisations are using cargo bikes now in Groningen: Cycloon, Go-Fast,

DHL, IKEA, CoolBlue, Stadswerkplaats. All developments which we are very happy with.”


Of course the ICBF is not only dedicated to supply and logistics; it is much broader than

that. Cargo bikes are also increasingly being used to do things like transporting children

to and from school, moving house, or do the grocery shopping. All things in people’s

daily lives. In this area, developments are also moving very quickly.


Besides serious business, there is also

space during the ICBF for relaxation. Van

der Vlugt: “Friday is the ICBF Conference,

which has a great programme and for

which people from all over the world

have registered. Saturday is the Expo,

primarily for policymakers, professionals

and manufacturers, but also open to

the general public. Manufacturers will

be showing off their latest models and

there will be a test track too. There are

talks and workshops throughout the


Slow Biking

“Sunday is public day.” Van der

Vlugt continues, “A day for all the

fun things. Everyone is welcome,

with or without a bike. There will be

music, children’s activities, you will

be able to test cargo bikes, there is a

spectacular programme of cargo bike

racing scheduled and... we’re holding

one of the preliminary rounds of the

Dutch ‘Slow Biking’ Championship. In

which you ride as slowly as possible

to over a certain distance - harder

than it sounds!”




At Urban Arrow we want cities to remain great places in which to

live and work. That’s why, nine years ago, we’ve set out to define

a brand-new transport category: Smart Urban Mobility.

Our design philosophy is bold and clear: always

ahead. We have been applying this philosophy since we

created our first Urban Arrow back in 2010. Inspired to

build the urban vehicle of the future, we set out to design

an electric cargo bike that will never let you down and

is easy to handle in traffic. Robust yet agile, durable yet

light. The result is our iconic aluminium frame. After

several years of optimisation, we’re proud to say it still

looks essentially the same.

Always ahead also means that we want

your ride to be as smooth as possible. We

are continuously designing new bikes and

accessories to optimise your experience.

For example, even though our Tender can

carry up to 300 kilos, we are looking to

build future models that can comfortably

transport even heavier loads.

By combining the load capacity of a van with

the agility of an e-bike, we’re creating the

ultimate green machine for the first and

last mile. Whether you are carrying your

children or deliver parcels, perishables or

furniture, there’s an Urban Arrow that will

take you smoothly from A to B, and beyond.

Clean, safe, stylish, fast.

Electrify your business

We understand no two businesses are the same, which is why all Urban Arrows are modular.

This gives you the freedom to choose between different cargo-carrying front frames. A bigger

box, or something more compact? Everything is possible. In the same way your needs keep

evolving, so too can your bike.


Roughly the same length as a city bike,

the Shorty’s load capacity will surprise you.

The Shorty has the agility and speed of a

scooter, minus the fumes and noise.

Its futuristic shape, defined by the

expanded polypropylene (EPP) box, makes

it a real eye-catcher. Looking for a short

utility vehicle? Adding the optional hood

maximizes the bike’s insulating potential,

effectively transforming the cargo space

into a lockable trunk. The ideal solution

for your food, valuable deliveries

or working gear.


Don’t want to waste any more time

stuck in traffic, or looking for a parking

spot? Then this is definitely your ride

for inner-city deliveries. The Cargo

removes noise and air pollution from

the equation and boosts the flexibility of

your delivery fleet. The various available

boxes are spacious enough to transport

large to extra-large volumes.

Whether you are carrying a fragile load

or heavy cargo, or whether you need to

keep it cool or piping hot: we have just

the Cargo to meet your needs.

Need to transport a boatload?

Our three-wheeled Tender is ready to roll.


We like to think bigger, all the time. The

Tender’s three-wheel base combines

cycling technology with insights from the

automotive industry, making it agile and

guaranteeing maximum strength and

stability. All Tender models come with a

three-wheel base and dual hydraulic disc

brake technology on the front frame. These

brakes allow for quick and safe stopping of

the massive cargo volume you can transport

with this beast. The wheel suspension

ensures you’ll always have a smooth ride,

no matter the weight.

The one-stop-shop for

sustainable urban logistics

72% of the EU population lives in urban areas and

this figure is rising. Factors like job opportunities,

quality of life and cultural diversity are driving up

urban populations in our ever more dense and

congested cities. These trends have brought with

it a huge growth in e-commerce, food and service

deliveries, contributing to a whole host of

problems in our urban spaces.

These factors make it increasingly difficult for

SMEs to get around. Especially if they are still using

traditional, carbon-emitting delivery vehicles. So

how can SMEs move past these problems?

Step forward DOCKR. We are a Dutch startup

whose mission is to help SMEs navigate the tricky

world of urban mobility. How? Well, we believe

it’s time for a change. The old leasing models are

outdated. That’s why we offer a completely flexible

range of electric mobility options for SMEs that

produce zero local emissions.

For example, the emissions of larger delivery

vehicles affect air quality for everyone in cities.

On top of this, some vehicles are simply out of

scale with historic city centres, making moving

around and parking time-consuming. A lose-lose

situation then, for both small and medium

enterprises (SMEs) and the cities they serve.

Understandably, cities are pushing back in a bid

to increase air quality and reduce nuisance, by

introducing stringent environmental policies,

low-emission zones or access restrictions. In

Amsterdam, where it is claimed air pollution

shortens residents’ life expectancy by a year, city

authorities plan to ban petrol and diesel vehicles

from 2030 and recently doubled parking fees.



Maximum uptime


Flexible monthly


Our range of e-hardware goes from the smallest

e-delivery bike, through light electric vehicles and

all the way up to larger e-vans. We’re not tied to

any manufacturers, meaning we can offer the

solution that fits your business best.

It’s not always possible for SMEs to predict how

busy they will be. That’s why at DOCKR we offer a

multi-modal proposition. Cargo bike too small? We

can swap it out for a larger one. Need an e-van for

inter-city trips? We’ll sort it. Got an event coming

up and need some extra wheels? No problem, we

can fix you up with a temporary solution.

Flexibility; the ability to change vehicles, as well

as up- or down-scale on a monthly basis, is in our

DNA. Just tell us what you need. We’ll even hook

you up with charging solutions and other e-related

tools and accessories.

So how does this actually help SMEs? DOCKR aims

to take the headache out of mobility, so you can

concentrate on what you do best. Getting from

A to B can, and should, be a no-brainer. Problem

with your DOCKR vehicle? Simple - we’ll fix or swap

it. Whatever it takes, with maximum up-time and

minimum down-time.


We’ve even extended our keep-things-simple

philosophy to paperwork. Complicated small-print

is out; readable, transparent agreements are in.

So DOCKR gets you a mobility solution and

provides you with comprehensive support. We

go further than this though, making your mobility

truly smart. How? We believe in the power of data

to help optimise SMEs, making a difference to

your bottom line.

70% of the costs of delivery come in the so-called

“last mile”. Our smart routing and navigation tools

help you make time and energy savings.

But it’s not all about GPS. On-vehicle telematics

and sensors also provide insights that help you

make better decisions and help us prevent

maintenance issues before they can can occur,

increasing your uptime.

Our rider and driver behaviour influencing tools

work in a positive manner; using techniques such

as gamification. This helps you to bring your

employees with you, protects your brand, reduces

fines, and makes our streets safer for everyone.

We’ve given you a glimpse into the inner workings

of our system, and yes, some of this sounds quite

complex. But the beauty of using DOCKR will be

that, on a day-to-day basis, you won’t have to

think about it. At all. It will just work away in the


DOCKR is the one-stop-shop for sustainable cargo

mobility. Fully flexible. Comprehensive support.

Maximum up-time, minimum down-time.

It’s time for city logistics to change. Interested? Get

in touch with our friendly team for a conversation

about your needs.

For a free trial and more info: email or visit 15

Get the picture!

Representatives from

the Municipality and

business community agree

to make city logistics in

Groningen sustainable.


Gemeente Groningen

A representative of

the next generation

of cargo bikers, at ICBF



Jan van Kessel

Groningen City

Alderman cargo-biking

through the Grote Markt.


Gemeente Groningen

Cargo bikes are

really taking off

these days…

Credit: Tom Parr

Cargo Bike

Racers line up at

ICBF 2018 in Berlin.

Credit: Tom Parr


International Cargo

Bike of the Year

Munich-based publisher HUSS-Verlag, along with its logistics

magazine Logistra, has created a new award which will recognise

the growing use and distribution of cargo bikes. The International

Cargo Bike of the Year Award, will be handed out on Saturday

afternoon at the International Cargo Bike Festival in Groningen.

The International Cargo Bike of the Year Award (CABOTY) intends

to showcase innovations in the industry, offering publicity to cargo

bike manufacturers and promoting ingenuity. It will honour the

efforts of manufacturers in the development of innovative and

practical bike concepts for professional use, focussing on trends

and development in this fast growing segment.

“We see a clear trend towards the usage of cargo bikes in urban

logistics, not just last-mile but also in trade and craft. There are

hardly any logistics companies not running pilots with bikes or

already using them in daily business. With the rapid electrification

of B2C-bicycles, professional cargo bikes have gained a lot in technical

level and broad potential application”, said Johannes Reichel,

Head of Testing and Technology at Logistra.

Following a rigorous testing process by a jury of experts, CABOTY

will be presented for the first time at the International Cargo Bike

Festival 2019. “With the ongoing growth of deliveries and service

logistics due to e-commerce business, the negative effects are

becoming more and more obvious. Environmentally aware organisations

everywhere are searching for sustainable solutions“, said

Jos Sluijsmans, Founder and Director of the ICBF.

Jury Members

Which categories

will be awarded?

1. Light Cargo Bikes

(up to 100 kg payload,

primarily single-track)

2. Heavy Cargo Bikes

(more than 100 kg payload,

primarily multi-track)

3. Cargo Bike Trailer

(including boxes)

Johannes Reichel

Head of Testing and Technology, LOGISTRA. Specialist

in Sustainable City Logistics.

Satish Kumar Beella

Lecturer Industrial Design Engineering at The Hague

University of Applied Sciences.

Marieke Snoek

CEO of Cycloon Post & Fietskoeriers and co-founder


Thomas H.L. Schmitz

Radlogistik Verband Deutschland e.V. (stellv. Vorstand),

Schmitz & Bramer GmbH (VeloCARRIER Mainz)

The International Cargo Bike of the Year award will be handed out on

Saturday afternoon at the ICBF. Check the programme for further details.

Jury Member

Johannes Reichel




Bogbi - Cargo Bikes for peace

Crowdfunding their way

from Colombia to Norway,

via Groningen...

BOGBI was born as an idea in Bogotá Colombia;

two fathers; Eduardo from Colombia and Sigurd

from Norway wanted to solve their problems of

mobility across the city.

From that moment, and for nearly three years,

we have been working to set up the production

line for one of the world’s best cargo bikes. With

Colombian passion, certified skills and Norwegian

design, we made Bogbi, a perfect vehicle to move

you from A to B without the need for a car.

Why Bogotá?

Imagine a city where the streets are closed for cars

and open for bicycles. It already exists: welcome to

Bogotá, the bicycle capital of Latin America.

Bogotá was the first city in the world to close down

some of it’s main avenues to cars every Sunday, and

open them for bicycles. More than 1,5 million inhabitants

use the so-called “Ciclovía” every Sunday to ride

around the city, traffic-free. Bogotá boasts more than

500 kilometres of bike lanes and more than 900,000

bicycle trips take place every day. These reasons,

together with our own establishment in the city

almost four years ago all worked in favour of our

decision to start our factory here in Bogotá, Colombia.


The Bogbi

Our cargo bike is one of the most compact on the

market, and yet still has a large cargo capacity. It

can easily fit two kids and your everyday cargo. “We

decided to use wire steering so the bike can turn

into sharp corners and negotiate it’s way through

traffic with ease”, says Johannes Hegdahl co-owner

and Head of Design & Production, who has spent

two years designing and setting up the production

line in Bogotá. Other features, such as the embracing

frame, adjustable dropouts, the bridge that holds the

steering unit, and the hammock child seat ensure that

riding a Bogbi is always an optimal experience.

More than just a cargo bike...

Bogbi stands for more than just bicycles. We have a strong

mission to contribute to the development of greener cities and

help Colombian society to grow in a peaceful and sustainable

way. As Colombia moves towards a peaceful future after almost

6 decades of civil war in parts of the country, Bogbi wants to

contribute to the country’s future by offering fair employment

conditions and vocational training, integrating the

production with world class training in bike production

as part of our operation.

At Bogbi we will continue working, moving forward and having

fun! A smooth ride for everyone - greener cities, stable jobs

for young Colombians and cycling made affordable for whole

families globally.

Want to get involved?

Bogbi are currently running an Indigogo crowdfunding campaign.

Visit for more information and save up to 30%.

19 | | Project leader: Susanne Balm, Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences

Service logistics in cities: Go Electric

Service engineers drive back and forth through our cities. Approximately 25% of all vans are for installation, repair

and maintenance; and more often than not these are not the greenest of vehicles. Meanwhile, climate targets are

becoming more and more prominent on the political agenda. For these reasons, Amsterdam University of Applied

Sciences (AUAS) and HAN University of Applied Sciences have embarked on a two-year research project into the use of

electric vehicles for service logistics.


Urban Arrow

Ambition: an approach for emission-free city logistics

As more cities strive towards emission-free city logistics in

2025, it is time for service companies to start using alternative,

more sustainable transport modes to reach their customers.

20 partners are participating in this research project, ‘Go

Electric’ (In Dutch: Gas op elektrisch), including several large

service companies. Although these companies are increasingly

deploying sustainable technologies, such as solar panels and

charging stations, their own fleets are often not yet sustainable.

The project connects EV professionals from

small and medium enterprises (SMEs) with

each other and with service companies

to jointly develop multidisciplinary

knowledge about the deployment

of electric vehicles (EVs) in service

logistics. The project runs for

two years, from March 2019

to February 2021. The end

result will be an approach,

consisting of concepts and

interventions to achieve

deployment of EVs in service

logistics. This approach supports service

companies in the sustainability of their logistics

operations and provides EV professionals from

SMEs with knowledge of newly developed

services. The final publication (due early 2021)

will describe the knowledge developed during

the project, including:

- The characteristics of service logistics and

considerations when implementing EVs

- The role of service employees in the adoption

of EVs

- Energy supplies for EVs

- EV services that SMEs can (jointly) offer


Photos: Vodafone Ziggo powered by Guidion - Urban Arrow

Go Electric Research Team

The Go Electric project is coordinated by the AUAS Urban

Technology research programme, which, in cooperation

with HAN Automotive Research, also makes up the research

team. In addition, 20 parties from the public and private

sectors are involved in the project through the generation,

application and dissemination of knowledge. Professors

involved are Walther Ploos van Amstel (AUAS City Logistics),

Robert van den Hoed (AUAS Energy & Innovation) and Frans

Tillema (HAN Intelligent Mobility).

Obstacles to electric mobility

Although the technology behind electric mobility already

exists, it is still not yet widely used. The project maps out

the current situation and problems that exist. For

example, feedback from service technicians indicates

that the distance electric vehicles are able to travel on

one charge is not yet sufficient. The project combines

expertise in logistical processes, energy-use and the

behaviour of employees in the adoption of innovation.

Service company Unica: “Due to climate targets, we are increasingly associated with sustainability.

This means we can actually no longer arrive at our customers’ doors with a polluting diesel vehicle.”

Research questions

Based on demands and requirements from the field, the research team has formulated the following research question:

With which logistics concepts, loading strategies and behavioural interventions can the use of electric vehicles be realised for

service companies? The research question is answered with five sub-questions:

1. What are the criteria and considerations

upon which service companies are currently

purchasing vehicles and scheduling routes?

2. What innovations do the logistics processes

of service companies require in order to

deploy EV?

3. How can the adoption process of EV by

staff (EV users) of service companies be


4. Which charging strategies facilitate the

deployment of EVs in service companies best?


The project participants of Go Electric will:

1. Analyse the current status of service companies on the basis of route

profiles, interviews and energy-use.

2. Formulate new concepts and interventions for the deployment of (light)

electric freight vehicles.

3. Evaluate these new concepts and interventions using

practical experiments.

4. Valorise expertise for the development of new

services for SMEs.

5. What new services can be developed

for service companies who

want to deploy EVs?

Want to know more?

Project Leader Susanne Balm is organising one of the parallel break-out sessions during the ICBF Conference

on 14th June. Several project partners will be there to tell you more about the research and the results so far.


Susanne Balm (Project Leader) and Walther Ploos van Amstel (Professor in City Logistics):

This research project is partly funded by Regieorgaan SIA, part of the Dutch Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO).



RYTLE’s revolutionary efficient concept

aims to free up cities around the world

Easy handling, straightforward, flexible and low-maintenance –

the solution for last mile delivery

Bremen and Groningen are connected

in a specific manner: their empathy for

bicycles. The bicycle is an effective way

of getting around – but more and more,

logistics professionals are facing issues

regarding the ‘last mile’. In many cities

in Germany, as well as around the world,

an effective solution is already in use: the

electrically operated RYTLE MovR25 cargo


In summer 2017, the idea of Dr. Arne Kruse

and Ingo Lübs, to create a sophisticated

logistics system of the future, became a

reality. Together with a team of experts,

RYTLE – a joint venture of the KRONE

vehicle group and the automotive

consultancy ORBITAK AG in the northern

part of Germany – designed a whole

concept to ensure that the so-called last

mile no longer provides problems for


The innovative system consists of a selfsufficient

mobile depot (HUB), the MovR25

with an exchange function for standardised

transport boxes (RYTLE Box) and an IT platform. The latter connects

all involved parties in real time (IOT) and is already in use by many

well-known international parcels delivery companies, postal and

courier services worldwide.

The idea of creating a chain of efficiency by operating nearly

emission-free, punctually, quietly, stress-free, flexibly and as well as

the possibility of being transparent, offers advantages to providers

as well as customers. Besides all this, RYTLE ensures a crucial point:

costs can be saved on the last mile and goods of virtually any kind

can be transported.

In order to ensure high quality, the MovR has been developed hand

in hand with established parcel delivers and well-known providers

of high-quality parts such as HEINZMANN – which delivers the

wheel hub motor CargoPower RN 111 – the heart of the cargo bike.

Incidentally – besides the love for bicycles there is another

connection to Groningen. Since April 1 of 2019: Citye B.V. offers all

products of RYTLE, with both direct sales and leasing. Furthermore,

service and maintenance are performed by experienced and welltrained

staff to move the last-mile transportation to the next level.

Let’s face it: Are you ready for the future? Come on and let’s RYTLE

it forward!



Cycling Without Age - Connecting

Generations and Communities

Cycling Without Age (CWA) is a not-for-profit

program that began in Copenhagen in 2012

with a very simple premise: giving free cycle

rickshaw rides to the elderly and disabled.

From a single ride with a borrowed frontpassenger

“trishaw,” we have grown to

more than 40 countries around the world,

with 1,500+ chapters and roughly 2,000

trishaws in service, and have provided rides

to more than 100,000 people.

Impressive numbers, to be sure. But CWA’s

real focus remains as it was during that

first ride with that single borrowed trishaw:

to connect people through the medium

of the trishaw ride. And that happens at a

very human, very personal level with each

trishaw ride our passengers share with us.

To our communities, the trishaw rides are a unique way to

reconnect people who are too often kept apart, and in a very

dignified and approachable way. Our trishaw passengers sit up

front – we quite literally put them first – with nothing between them

and the community except their smiles. With all of our growth, CWA

still reaches a tiny fraction of the elderly and disabled who we could

be serving. As members of the international cargo bike community,

you can help us! When you return home from Groningen, tell your

local nursing homes and senior centers about our program; share

our website (; put them in contact with

us. We find that all it takes is a single trishaw in a community to

spark growth; seeing CWA in operation on the streets with smiling

passengers and pilots, waving and talking with old friends and new,

is the best advertisement for CWA we know of.

Kelly Talcott is a Board Member and US Captain at Cycling Without Age.

Get in touch at

We’ve learned that these rides are more

than pleasant ways to spend a part of an

afternoon. To our passengers and our

pilots, they are opportunities to share

stories of the past while at the same time

creating new stories to tell in the future.


Photo: Modacity

RIPPL: Stadswerkplaats – Groningen’s brilliantly

unassuming cargo-trike hire service

By Tom Parr

In Groningen there has been an unfussy, straightforward

way to get hold of a cargo trike for the day for over 30

years; long before the buzz phrases ‘mobility-as-a-service’

or ‘sharing economy’ were coined. The trikes, instantly

recognisable to any Groninger, are available to hire from

volunteer-run Stadswerkplaats which, although it is an

unassuming organisation, is something of an institution

in this city.

Located in a quiet, leafy square in the historic core of

Groningen it is immediately obvious, as you approach,

which building is occupied by Stadswerkplaats. Outside

the heavy-duty, wooden workshop doors sits a row of

sturdy, old-fashioned cargo trikes (bakfiets, in Dutch),

waiting to be hired for a modest €12 per half day.

This an abridged version

of one of a series of RIPPL

articles supported by

Gemeente Groningen, in

which we take a deepdive

and focus on how

cycle-logistics works in

Groningen: city of bikes.


Photo: Tom Parr

Founded in the late 80’s by born-and-bred Groninger

Sven Thieme, Stadswerkplaats (“City Workshop”) isn’t only

a place to hire a bakfiets. In fact according Thieme, who

still runs Stadswerkplaats today, it wasn’t the intention at

all. It’s also a workshop where the people of Groningen

can work on DIY and art projects, offering a range of

affordable metal and woodworking lessons. The first

bakfiets was bought at the request of workshop users

in need of a way of transporting their creations home.

Demand quickly grew: fast-forward to 2019 and the wellused

fleet has grown to eight.

Does anything ever go wrong? As Thieme explains,

inexperienced riders, heavy loads and kerbs sometimes

cause punctures or broken spokes. A €10 fee ensures

you are personally rescued by Stadswerkplaats, which

apparently happens a couple of times a month. He also

tells me with a wry smile about the time a bakfiets ended

up in a canal just minutes after being hired and had to be

fished out by a passing boat.

When a trike does need to be fixed, Stadswerkplaats

naturally do it themselves, in the workshop. Over the

years almost every part of the trikes has been fixed

or replaced in this way by Thieme and his team of


Who hires a Stadswerkplaats bakfiets then? Thieme

states that the most common reason for hiring is to

move house; which makes them much in demand in

student-oriented Groningen. A quarter of the city’s

residents are studying at one of the two universities. It is

therefore quite a common sight to see casually-dressed

twenty-somethings pedalling along with precarious loads

of mattresses, lamps, pot plants and furniture. Hiring

a van isn’t really a great option here. And as you might

imagine, it is not unheard of for large amounts of beer

to find themselves transported from A to B under pedal


However, students aren’t the only users of the service.

The cargo trikes are also frequently pressed into service

by non-students; also known as native Groningers.

They’re mostly used in the city centre and surrounding

neighbourhoods, where a traffic circulation plan in place

since the 1970s intentionally makes it incredibly awkward

to use private motor vehicles. And with a capacity of

250kg, it is possible to carry most items you care to think

of on a Stadswerkplaats bakfiets.

what better than an object which attracts people’s

attention, carries promotional materials and doubles up

as a table?

A Stadswerkplaats bakfiets is even regularly used as a

camera mount by a local TV station - rolling backwards

down Herestraat filming as broadcaster Piet van Dijken

strolls along interviewing Groningers.

Another regular client is the Gemeente (Municipality).

Residents can hire a Stadswerkplaats cargo trike free

of charge to carry heavy waste to collection points. The

Gemeente picks up the fee in a win-win-win arrangement

that saves them time and resources, is free for

residents, and is a valuable source of repeat income for


Perhaps it’s a sign that Groningen truly is a cycling

city to it’s very core, that an organisation such as

Stadswerkplaats can blend in and seem like just part

of the furniture. They don’t shout about it, maybe they

don’t even think about it, but sustainability is baked in.

It’s an unpretentious organisation which pre-dates many

of today’s smart shared mobility startups by over three

decades, and you wouldn’t bet against it outliving many

of them too. All by offering a simple, affordable service;

a way of moving stuff from A to B on dependable, oldfashioned


Over the years, the cargo trikes have also been called

upon to carry out other, more unconventional duties,

including several weddings and funerals. They have been

used for city centre advertising, sales and even political


RIPPL - Register of Initiatives in Pedal Powered Logistics, is a resource highlighting

trends and innovation in cycle logistics, with over 50 real-life case studies.

Get inspired; head over to

Photo: Tom Parr


CycleSpark: Cargo Bikes for Circular Cities

By Christian Suurmeijer, Founder, CycleSpark

Last year’s robustly designed e-cargo bikes, in

combination new containers and smart logistical

systems, have proven themselves a realistic

alternative to clean up last-mile deliveries. New

cargo bike innovations are moving forwards. Strong,

lightweight solutions are being developed and new

energy sources explored.

To accelerate the transformation towards cleaner and

liveable cities, we at CycleSpark set out in 2012 to build

the largest cargo bike in the world. A bike with a capacity

of 500kg and up to 5m³. We learned about how to carry

heavy payloads and large volumes on cargo bikes. We

now use this experiences to support small and medium

businesses select the best solution and start using it

in a safe, worry-free way. CycleSpark aims to enable

anybody to use cargo bikes to build up a sustainable

business. We take care of the cargo bike, arrange the

insurance and make sure your cargo bike is always

up and running. No worries; you can focus on your

business. We have built up a fleet of cargo bikes and will

expand the fleet even more the coming years. Investors

who share our sustainable vision help to fund the cargo

bikes and we take care of the rest.

Until now e-commerce has been the most important

market for cargo bikes. Many of the “early adopters”

of the cycle logistics concept have been involved in

delivering packages ordered online. However, we

believe cargo bikes can play a broader role in city


Smart and Circular Cities

Many cities are in a process of transformation towards

smart and circular principles, with often ambitious

goals to reduce their environmental footprint. Local

production, repair, upcycling, reuse, redistribution,

remanufacturing and recycling all reduce the need

for long distance transportation. Doing more of

our production and recycling locally is the best

way to reduce the need for mobility. The cleanest

transportation is no transportation at all.

At the same time, an abundance of innovations are in

development to create circular cities. Examples include

vertical farming, plant labs, 3D-printing in all kinds of

materials, the so-called ‘blue economy’, cooperative

robotics and other smart industry developments

enabling production and remanufacturing closer to the

end user. But in the end minimising transportation will

always be necessary and that’s where e-cargo bikes can

play a role. They can take care of the flow of all goods

and materials through the ‘veins’ of the circular city.

They are a fair, efficient and ‘human’ way to move goods

around in town.

Sparking a Revolution

CycleSpark already supports local food suppliers,

city farming and circular building projects and is now

also exploring the use of cargo bikes for local plastic

redistribution and 3D printing of new goods.

Today we offer a range of extra-large rental and sharing

cargo bike solutions that can be used for various circular

and sustainable businesses. Customised containers can

be easily implemented because of the modular way the

cargo bikes are built.

Let’s transform our cities into smart, circular cities.

Circular cities are cycling cities. Let’s bring it all back into

balance. Let’s cycle into a bright future.

For more information, visit


Building the Cycling City: The

Dutch Blueprint for Urban Vitality

By Melissa and Chris Bruntlett

Around the world, countries marvel at the Netherland’s impressive cycling culture and infrastructure

while an insidious “that would never work here” attitude prevents real change from happening. But

the Dutch overcame many of the same challenges as other car-clogged countries, and their story is an

important model for moving the rest of the world toward a more human-scale, bike-friendly future.

Inspired by our initial visit to the Netherlands in the

summer of 2016, Building the Cycling City: The Dutch

Blueprint for Urban Vitality shares the triumphs and

challenges of the Dutch cycling story. In it, we show how

some of their ideas are already being adopted in global

cities, and draw out concrete lessons for other places

to follow their lead. Drawing from historical context,

interviews with local experts, and our own experiences

riding in five Dutch cities, we explore topics ranging

from bicycle style and parking to the relationship

between cycling and public transit. Special attention is

given to less well-known Dutch cities, including Utrecht

and Rotterdam.

In each chapter, we examine how North American

cities are already following the Dutch example and

transforming themselves to include more public spaces,

safer cycling facilities, innovative bike-share schemes,

and other, more inclusive mobility options. In some

cases, these efforts are bolstered by collaboration with

organizations such as the Dutch Cycling Embassy and

PeopleForBikes, which are working to translate what

has worked for decades in the Netherlands into tangible

solutions for the streets of Austin, San Francisco, and

countless other cities.

After being amazed by the transformation of our

own lives following the purchase of a cargo bike, and

experiencing the International Cargo Bike Festival in

Nijmegen in 2017, we dedicate an entire chapter to the

evolution and re-emergence of the humble bakfiets

in the Netherlands and abroad. ICBF Director, Jos

Sluijsmans, among others, gives voice to this growing

movement and how cargo bike have and continue to

change urban logistics.

The stories told prove that city design is not set in

stone, and changing cycling culture can be done even

where it seems impossible. To affect this change,

political courage is needed, and citizen activism is often

required. Building the Cycling City will leave you inspired

and ready to adopt and implement approaches to make

your own cities better places to live, work, play, and - of

course - cycle.

Building the Cycling City: The

Dutch Blueprint for Urban

Vitality (Island Press) is available

for sale at the ICBF, and at all

good bookshops.


See you next year

at #ICBF2020!

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