Vol. 32, No. 12 June 15-30, 2019

FMCSA’s Martinez, TCA’s Heller talk about the importance

of communication among trucking-industry stakeholders

Courtesy: TCA

TCA safety award

The Truckload Carriers Association

has named John Mallory, John

Christner Trucking’s director of

safety, as the 2019 TCA Safety

Professional of the Year and

made him recipient of the Clare

C. Casey Award. The award was

presented at TCA’s annual Safety

and Security meeting in Memphis.

Page 5

Navigating the news

HELP gets new name.............3

Watching for distraction..........4

Military applicants sought.......6

Mike Russell award................7

Crumbling roads.....................8


Tonnage up...........................17

Daimler automated team......23

Lane Departures...................25


Old Dominion homer

Old Dominion Freight Line

stepped up to the plate recently

and donated 12,000 baseballs

to an organization that works to

make sure kids who want to take

to the diamond can do so, even if

they can’t afford equipment.

Page 25

Klint Lowry

MEMPHIS, Tenn. — On Sunday, June 2, the

first day of the Truckload Carriers Association’s

38th Annual Safety and Security Division Meeting,

attendees arrived at the theater inside the

Guest House at Graceland with an almost playful

sense of anticipation.

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

Administrator Raymond Martinez was scheduled

to be at the opening day’s general session,

for what had been billed a “fireside chat.” In

the hours leading up to the session, speculation

— most of it tongue-in-cheek — was running

rampant. A fireside chat? Had they figured out

a way to rig up an actual working fireplace onstage?

When they entered, they saw there were no

flames dancing in a hearth, no portable fire pit,

not even a Smokey Joe. There was nothing cozier

than an unadorned long table with three microphones

at the foot of the stage.

The anticipation then shifted to what the topic

of the presentation would be. The target date

for FMCSA’s highly anticipated unveiling of a

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, the next step

in the ongoing process that could lead to some

big changes to the Hours of Service regulations,

was less than a week away. Might they be in for

a sneak preview, at least a hint? Not that there

aren’t plenty of other big topics Martinez might

address: the impending pilot program for young

drivers with certain military experience to

See Fireside on p11 m


The Highway Trust Fund currently is funded

by an 18.4 cents per gallon tax on gasoline and

24.4 cents a gallon tax on diesel. The federal

fuel tax was last increased in 1993.

The Trucker: KLINT LOWRY

Truckload Carriers Association Vice President of Government Affairs David Heller, left, listens as

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Administrator Raymond Martinez responds to a question

from Sirius XM radio host Mark Willis during a “fireside chat” during TCA’s 38th annual Safety and

Security Division Meeting.

Oregon Democrat introduces bill to hike gas tax

5 cents a year for 5 years, then link it to inflation

Lyndon Finney

WASHINGTON — Rep. Earl Blumenauer,

D-Ore., in late May introduced the Rebuild

America Act of 2019, which would incrementally

increase the federal gasoline and diesel taxes

to invest in America’s infrastructure.

The legislation raises the fuels tax by five

cents a year over five years, indexes it to inflation

and establishes Congress’ intention to replace

it with a more equitable, stable source of

funding within 10 years.

“The gas tax was last raised more than 25

years ago, which means we are paying for our

2019 infrastructure needs with 1993 dollars.

That is unacceptable,” Blumenauer said. “Our

nation’s infrastructure is falling apart as we fall

behind our global competitors. The cost of underinvestment

falls especially hard on working

families and low-income individuals who can’t

afford the cost of a blown tire or lost wages due

to congestion. It is past time that we get real

about funding our infrastructure needs. We can’t

afford inaction any longer.”

The legislation drew immediate praise from

Chris Spear, president and CEO of the American

Trucking Associations.

“Great credit goes to Earl Blumenauer for

proposing a solution to the infrastructure crisis

in America,” Spear said. “Truckers see that

roads and bridges are deteriorating more each

year, and the traffic and congestion that impacts

people’s daily lives must be solved. Real problems

call for real solutions, and the Rebuild

America Act enjoys support from a broad spectrum

of organizations — business and labor, as

well as families across the country. This legis-

See Tax on p9 m

























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HELP’s new name better reflects the core mission and structure of the nonprofit public/private

partnership, according to CEO Karen Rasmussen.

HELP now PrePass Safety Alliance

to better reflect core mission, structure


PHOENIX — HELP Inc., the provider of

PrePass services, has changed its name to Pre-

Pass Safety Alliance.

The new name better reflects the core mission

and structure of the nonprofit public/private partnership,

according to CEO Karen Rasmussen.

“Over more than a quarter-century, Pre-

Pass has become one of the most-recognized

and trusted brands in the commercial trucking

industry and with the agencies responsible for

ensuring highway safety and protecting the infrastructure,”

Rasmussen said. “As the organization

grew geographically and technologically,

HELP’s board of directors determined it was

time to adopt a name that reflected our commitment

to highway safety and efficiency, as well as

our unique public/private partnership.”

HELP Inc. was chartered as a nonprofit

501(c)(3) organization in 1993 following a

multi-state, truck safety demonstration program

to evaluate how best to prescreen and weigh

qualified, safe commercial vehicles at highway

speeds and allow them to bypass weigh facilities.

As an objective third-party entity.

HELP was structured to ensure that the operation

of the bypass system was balanced between

safety and efficiency, and that carriers allowed to

bypass were selected on the basis of strict adherence

to standards of safety and compliance.

The HELP name was an acronym for

“Heavy-vehicle Electronic License Plate, Incorporated,”

a term that loosely described the original

transponders affixed near the license plates

on the front of truck tractors and used for weigh

station bypass in the early days of the program.

While the original transponders soon moved

into the truck cab, the name remained the same

for over 26 years.

Today, PrePass Safety Alliance continues to

consist of member jurisdictions and is governed

by a board of directors made up equally of public

sector and industry representatives.

Rasmussen said these representatives provide

oversight and strategic direction for the

PrePass program and related safety services.

The Alliance’s collaborative, nonprofit approach

is often cited as a model of how industry

and government can work in partnership to improve

highway safety, she said.

The new name and accompanying logo apply

to PrePass Safety Alliance only.

The PrePass family of products and services,

including the PrePass electronic bypass

program and transponder, the PrePass

Plus toll payment service, PrePass MOTION

bypass app, ALERTS, PrePass ELD and the

INFORM suite of data analysis products will

retain their individual names and logos.

For more information, visit

to learn more about PrePass products and

services. 8

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4 • June 15-30, 2019 Nation


As manufacturers add safety features to lower-cost vehicles

expect to see system designed to prevent distracted driving

Tom Krisher


DETROIT — Would you pay more for

a car or SUV that warns you if you’re falling

asleep or not paying attention behind the


Auto companies are figuring that because

your life could depend on it, you will.

Could commercial vehicles be far behind?

As safety features such as automatic emergency

braking and lane-centering make their

way from luxury vehicles down to lower-cost

rides for the masses, distracted driver alert

systems are coming with them. At April’s

New York International Auto Show, Hyundai

and Subaru both announced such systems in

mainstream vehicles.

Every day, at least nine people are killed

in the U.S. and 100 are injured in distracted

driving crashes, according to the National

Safety Council. Drivers who are preoccupied

by cellphones, dashboard touch screens and

other distractions caused 3,157 fatal crashes

in the U.S. in 2016, the latest year that government

statistics were available. That’s 9%

of all fatal crashes in the country.

Distracted driver alert systems started

showing up in luxury cars about a decade

ago. Mercedes-Benz had a system that displayed

a lighted coffee cup icon on the dashboard.

Over the years they’ve become more

sophisticated and made their way into mainstream

vehicles, usually on pricier versions.

For instance, Subaru’s “DriverFocus Distraction

Mitigation System” uses a dashboard

camera to watch the driver’s eyes and face. If

it sees the driver is looking away from the

front of the vehicle for an extended period,

it will beep and show the message “Keep

eyes on road” on the dashboard. The system

watches for heads nodding or someone talking

on the phone or texting, or even looking

into the back seat, said Subaru spokesman

Ron Kiino.

On the newly redesigned 2020 Outback

SUV, the system will be standard on the three

priciest versions, the Touring, Touring XT

and the Limited XT, and it will be an option

on the Limited, the lowest cost version with

leather seats. No prices for those models

have been announced, and it won’t be available

on cheaper versions.

The Subaru system made its debut as

standard equipment on the luxury version of

its Forester SUV for the 2019 model year. To

get it, you have to buy the priciest version,

the Touring, which starts at $35,270, more

than $10,000 above the lowest-priced model.

Hyundai’s system is standard on the Venue,

an entry-level SUV that will start under

$19,000. It doesn’t watch the driver’s face.

Instead, it uses the same front-facing camera

as the standard automatic emergency braking

and lane assist. If you swerve or veer, the

Venue’s software will sound a bell and the

dash display will politely show a coffee cup

and the words “Take a Break.”

Hyundai’s market research found that

people want the feature, said Mike Evanoff,

senior manager of product planning. “It’s

Associated Press: TOSHI OKU/Subaru of America

This undated image provided by Subaru shows Subaru’s “DriverFocus Distraction Mitigation

System.” The system uses a dashboard camera to watch the driver’s eyes and face.

If it sees the driver is looking away from in front of the vehicle for an extended period, it

will beep and the message “Keep eyes on road” will show on the dashboard. The system

watches for heads nodding or someone talking on the phone or texting, or even looking

into the back seat, said Subaru spokesman Ron Kiino.

just another layer that’s a ‘got your back’

kind of thing,” he said.

The warning system is already on Hyundai’s

Veloster sports car and will make its

way to the entire lineup as vehicles are updated

and outfitted with standard automatic

emergency braking by September 2022 in

an industry agreement with the U.S. government,

Evanoff said.

Subaru, which has made safety a cornerstone

of its marketing efforts, says its buyers

are safety conscious and will be interested in

the feature even if it costs more. And if the

system is too annoying, customers can turn it

off, Kiino said.

Other systems on luxury vehicles are

more sophisticated. The one on Cadillac’s

Super Cruise semi-autonomous system

makes sure the driver is paying attention and

will even pull to the side of the road if they

aren’t. Mercedes’ Attention Assist system

tracks more than 70 variables including time

of day, elapsed driving time and steering

movement to determine if a driver is tired or

not paying attention. When a certain threshold

is reached, it issues audible and visible


Karl Brauer, executive publisher for Kelley

Blue Book, said the devices are proliferating

as vehicles make the transition from

human drivers to full automation. Systems

like Tesla’s Autopilot and Super Cruise,

which control steering, braking and speed

under certain conditions, are steps toward

autonomous cars, but they can’t drive themselves

because humans must be ready to take

over, he said.

“If you’re going to have systems like that,

you need these driver monitoring systems to

make sure that humans aren’t abusing the

technology,” Brauer said.

But not everyone will be interested in

being monitored. Chris Cerino, 49, of Wadsworth,

Ohio, near Cleveland, said he’s old

enough to know that he has to pay attention

while driving.

“That kind of stuff is not going to make a

terrible difference for me now. I understand.

I learned my lessons,” said Cerino, who is

selling a 2009 Subaru Outback.

Cerino said there’s too much automation

these days, but conceded he would probably

want the feature if he still had young children.

Then again, he might turn it off.

“There’s a time and place for a lot of

things, but I don’t need to be told when to hit

the brakes or when to swerve or everything

else,” he said. 8

USPS 972

Volume 32, Number 12

June 15-30, 2019

The Trucker is a semi-monthly, national newspaper for the

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Nation June 15-30, 2019• 5

John Christner Trucking’s director

of safety wins Clare C. Casey Award


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MEMPHIS, Tenn. — The Truckload Carriers

Association has named John Mallory,

John Christner Trucking’s director of safety,

as the 2019 TCA Safety Professional of the

Year and made him recipient of the Clare C.

Casey Award.

The award was presented during the

TCA’s 38th Annual Safety & Security Division

Meeting in Memphis.

John Christner Trucking is located at

Sapulpa, Oklahoma.

The award is bestowed upon a trucking

industry professional whose actions and

achievements have made a profound contribution

to enhancing safety on North America’s


“John has an absolute passion for our

industry, particularly making it safer,” said

John Christner Trucking’s vice president of

risk management, Shannon Crowley. “He

spends much of his free time in pursuit of

just that.”

In addition to being employed by John

Christner Trucking for 13 years in its safety

department, as well as a being third-generation

professional truck driver for more than

two decades, Mallory has an extensive list of


Crowley said Mallory was persistent in

obtaining his safety professional credentials

once he arrived at the company.

“His tenacity is what got him in the door

and that same tenacity is what led him to

achieving his Certified Director of Safety

designation and becoming our director of

safety,” Crowley said.

During his career, Mallory has served on

the Oklahoma Safety Management Council

for 12 years, is a member of the Oklahoma

Trucking Association, and serves on

the American Trucking Associations’ Safety

Management Council for driver recognition

and accident review.

He is also a recipient of the John Christner

Trucking, Inc.’s Pete Osborne Lifetime

Achievement Award in 2017; Oklahoma

State Management Council’s Past Chairman

Award; and Oklahoma Trucking Association’s

2012 Safety Professional of the year.

He serves as a judge, chairman and as

“The Duck” mascot at the Oklahoma Truck

Driving Championships.

“John is a great leader in his church as

well as other organizations such as Truckers

Against Trafficking,” said his wife, Dianne

Mallory, who nominated him for this award.

“He is most loved by many for his role as

‘The Duck.’”

Crowley said Mallory is a pillar in his

community. He serves on the Tulsa Tech

Truck Driving School advisory council, is a

member, usher and greeter at Life Church in

Owasso and Catoosa, Oklahoma, and is active

in the Owasso Police Department K9

unit training canines and officers how to maneuver

around and inside 18-wheelers. He

also participates in the annual Sapulpa Truck


Courtesy: TCA

John Mallory, recipient of the Truckload

Carriers Association Clare C. Casey Award,

serves on the American Trucking Associations’

Safety Management Council for driver

recognition and accident review.

On behalf of John Christner Trucking,

Mallory has accepted numerous Fleet Safety

Awards from TCA, several other industry associations,

and both Walmart and Tyson Foods.

“John is always eager to learn, willing

to participate, and simply will not be outworked.

If there is someone more deserving

of this recognition, I haven’t met them,”

Crowley said.

Nominees for TCA’s award must exemplify

leadership and demonstrate the goals

of protecting lives and property in the motor

transportation industry while serving their

company, industry and the motoring public.

The award is named after Clare Casey,

a safety professional who actively served

TCA from 1979 until 1989. He was devoted

to ensuring that all truckload safety professionals

build a strong safety network, and

was instrumental in forming the first Safety

& Security Division meeting in 1982. The

first Clare C. Casey Award was presented in

1990, one year after his death. 8

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FMCSA says it’s accepting applications to pilot

allowing military vets to drive interstate routes


WASHINGTON — The Federal Motor

Carrier Safety Administration said Monday it

is accepting applications for a pilot program

to permit 18- to 20-year-olds who possess

the U.S. military equivalent of a commercial

driver’s license to operate large trucks in interstate


“This program will help our country’s

veterans and reservists transition into goodpaying

jobs while addressing the shortage of

truck drivers in our country,” said Transportation

Secretary Elaine Chao.

As directed by Section 5404 of the Fixing

America’s Surface Transportation (FAST)

Act, the pilot program will allow a limited

number of individuals between the ages of

18 and 20 to operate large trucks in interstate



commerce — provided they possess the military

equivalent of a CDL and are sponsored

by a participating trucking company. During

the pilot program, which is slated to run for

up to three years, the safety records of these

drivers will be compared to the records of a

control group of drivers.

“We are excited to launch this program to

help the brave men and women who serve

our country explore employment opportunities

in the commercial motor vehicle industry.

With the nation’s economy reaching new

heights, the trucking industry continues to

need drivers and have job openings. We encourage

Veterans and Reservists to apply and

to learn more about this exciting new program,”

said FMCSA Administrator Raymond


The program was revealed by Chao in

July 2018 during a news conference in Omaha,

Nebraska, which was attended by Sen.

Deb Fischer, R-Neb.; and Rep. Don Bacon,

R-Neb., himself a military veteran having

served in the United States Air Force from

1985-2014, reaching the rank of brigadier


“This innovative program offers a way

for our younger veterans and reservists to

transition to the civilian workforce. I personally

thank Secretary Chao and officials with

the DOT who continue to find ways to utilize


The Trucker file photo

During the military pilot program, the safety

records of the participants will be compared

to the records of a control group of drivers.

the training and talent of the men and women

who served in uniform for our country,”

Bacon said during the announcement of the

pilot program.

To learn more about this program and

how to apply, visit


For complete information on USDOT’s

Veteran transitions programs into the civilian

careers, visit


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Nation June 15-30, 2019 • 7

ATA now accepting nominations for 2019 Mike Russell Trucking Image Award


ARLINGTON, Va. — American Trucking

Associations has launched its search to

recognize boosters of the trucking industry’s

image with this year’s Mike Russell Trucking

Image Award.

“One of ATA’s core convictions is to

showcase and constantly improve the trucking

industry’s reputation as a vital conduit

of economic activity full of highly-trained

professionals who prioritize safety in all that

they do,” said ATA President and CEO Chris

Spear. “The Mike Russell Trucking Image

Award honors the men and women behind

innovative efforts to spread our industry’s

messages of safety, essentiality and professionalism.”

The award is given to an individual, motor

carrier, trucking organization and industry

supplier who demonstrates excellence

in illustrating the industry’s essentiality, a

safety-first approach to doing business and


The Mike Russell Trucking Image Awards

are named in honor of the late Mike Russell,

a trucking industry supporter and former

ATA vice president of public affairs.

Last year, ATA recognized the Tennessee

Trucking Association Foundation, Werner

Enterprises, Pilot Flying J and America’s

Road Team Captain Don Logan for their contributions

to the industry’s image.

Examples of their efforts included support

for local nonprofits, the adoption of image-improving

trailer wrap graphics, participation

in veterans hiring programs and other

innovative programs aimed at brandishing

trucking’s positive image.

“By telling our industry’s story, Mike Russell

Trucking Image Award winners and nominees

do a tremendous service to our industry,”

said ATA Executive Vice President of Industry

Affairs Elisabeth Barna. “Data confirms that

the more members of the general motoring

public who meet a trucking professional, the

more likely they are to have a positive view of

our industry. When people have positive views

about our industry, they become grassroots advocates

for trucking’s priorities like workforce

development and improved infrastructure.”

Image and outreach efforts, such as

Trucking Moves America Forward, help the

trucking industry counter anti-truck messages

played out in local and national media

outlets, Barna said, adding that without the

support of past Mike Russell Trucking Image

Award recipients and nominees, the benefits

of an improved image of the trucking industry

would not be possible.

“When we look at ways to create a larger

labor market for trucking, one of the solutions

is enhancing the image of the trucking

perception through outreach to the general

public, creative advertising campaigns or incentivizing

professionalism throughout the

work day,” said Dr. Todd Simo, vice president

of business development for transportation

and chief medical officer at HireRight,

which sponsors the award. “The Mike Russell

Trucking Image Awards are important

because they recognize the leading contributors

to those efforts — people and organizations

who work hard to make our industry

more attractive to the job-seekers, the media,

and members of the motoring public.”

Mike Russell Trucking Image submissions

are evaluated by an expert, impartial

panel of judges based on creativity, frequency,

impact and execution. Visit the official

nomination page to find out more about the

award and how to submit a nomination.

Completed applications should be submitted

by August 2 to ATA’s Industry Affairs

Department. The winners of the Mike

Russell Trucking Image Award will be announced

October 5-9 during the American

Trucking Associations’ Management Conference

and Exhibition in San Diego. 8

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The Trucker

Become an OOIDA member.

800-444-5791 •

8 • June 15-30, 2019 Nation


Infrastructure woes: Crumbling roads,

poor internet bad for small businesses

Joyce M. Rosenberg


NEW YORK — Every hour that one of

The Advance Group’s trucks is stuck in highway

or bridge traffic, it costs the moving company

around $200. And with 40 trucks trying

to get into Manhattan daily and contending

with the New York metro area’s deteriorating

infrastructure, the price of lost time runs up


“Getting to and from a job site is not really

billable to a client,” says Anthony Parziale,

president of The Advance Group, based in the

suburb of Farmingdale.

Parziale’s company and other small and

mid-size businesses want the federal government

to follow through on a promise to rebuild

the nation’s infrastructure — not just roads and

bridges, but also extending broadband coverage

to rural areas where internet and cellphone

service is poor or nonexistent.

Improving and fixing the roads in New

York would help traffic flow faster even with

the area’s congestion, Parziale says. He wants

to see officials deal with New York’s ongoing

pothole problems; damage to his fleet from the

area’s pitted roads costs the company $65,000

each winter.

“It’s becoming more challenging to conduct

business,” he says.

The Trump administration and Democrats

in Congress last month publicly agreed that

the nation needs $2 trillion for infrastructure

upgrades. But quick action looks unlikely —

President Donald Trump said he wouldn’t negotiate

with Democrats while they are investigating

his administration. And a bill would

have to win support from both parties. The No.

2 Republican in the House, Steve Scalise of

Louisiana, has already said the $2 trillion figure

is too high.

In a January survey of 1,001 small business

owners and operators released by the U.S.

Chamber of Commerce, 56% said the quality

of their high-speed internet was good, and 58%

said cellphone network coverage was good.

Those somewhat slim majorities reflect dissatisfaction

among a considerable portion of


Roads and bridges got lower marks: 62%

of the owners rated local roads and bridges as

having between very poor and average quality,

and 52% gave the same ratings to highways.

Owners in the Northeast gave the lowest marks

to infrastructure compared to ratings by owners

in other regions, but across the country owners

were most dissatisfied with highways.

All businesses must deal with the added expense

caused by poor infrastructure, but smaller

companies don’t have the revenue cushions

large businesses use to absorb the costs of lost

time and repairs.

At the 225 franchisees of AdvantaClean,

a company that cleans building air systems,

staffers spend about half their time traveling

from one appointment to another, and highway

and road problems cut into the amount of time

spent doing the real work, President Matt Phillips


“Significant changes to our infrastructure

could reduce our expenses as much as 35 percent

and help increase revenue by 25 percent,”

Phillips says. It’s not just the time, but also fuel

wasted by slow-moving traffic that drives up

costs, he says.

Phillips’ crews have the most problems in

the Northeast, which has older, more dilapidated

infrastructure, and the Southeast, where

roads are crowded due to the region’s fast


In many areas, it’s not possible to build

entirely new highways. But roadways can be

widened in projects that can take years but ultimately

allow traffic to move faster. A 35-mile

stretch of the New Jersey Turnpike was widened

to six lanes in each direction from three; it

took five years to complete. When bridges are

replaced, lanes can be added; when the Governor

Mario M. Cuomo Bridge replaced the Tappan

Zee Bridge across the Hudson River north

Associated Press: JULIO CORTEZ

This April 17, 2019, file photo shows a general view of the construction site of the new Route

7 drawbridge in Kearny, N.J. Small businesses want the federal government to follow through

on promises of $2 trillion to rebuild the nation’s infrastructure.

of New York City, the new double span was

given eight traffic lanes, compared to seven on

the old bridge.

For many small businesses, including those

in rural areas or whose customers are located

far from metro areas, the infrastructure problem

is about broadband coverage needed to

move information across cellphones and the


Internet service is poor in the Catskill

Mountains 130 miles north of Manhattan. Lita

Wall, who owns Cold Spring Lodge, has Wi-Fi

through her cable provider for her guests and

also to run the business. But the internet service

is spotty because of the mountains, often

failing during poor weather, and cellphone service

is equally unreliable. The area, which has

many “dead zones” where there is no service,

needs more cellphone towers. Wall has a landline

phone for voice calls.

Wall also owns a restaurant in Manhattan’s

East Village neighborhood, but even in the

heavily populated city, she struggles with poor

internet connections.

“Sometimes it is down and we don’t notice

until later and so have issues with the customers

who send orders during the time the system

is down,” Wall says. At those times, she needs

to connect to the internet using her cellphone as

what’s known as a hotspot, an added expense

each month.

Even companies that have good service

can be forced to contend with their customers’

poor connections. John Royster owns a

design firm, Big Muddy Workshop, in Omaha,

Nebraska, located near military installations

whose presence guarantees excellent internet

and cellphone service in the area. But Royster

has clients in more rural areas, and their internet

systems, when they’re working, can’t accommodate

the large electronic documents and

files that architects routinely email.

One client, who lives on a ranch about

300 miles away, couldn’t receive large documents.

So Royster sent them to a print shop

40 miles from the ranch where they were

printed. The client had to drive two hours

round trip to get it.

“These delays in exchanging information

can easily add a week or two to a project. This

negatively impacts my bottom line and delays

progress for my clients,” Royster says. 8

Trucking image campaign leader calls for lawmakers to invest in better roads, bridges in U.S.


WASHINGTON — Trucking Moves

America Forward (TMAF), the industrywide

education and image movement, has

advocated lawmakers to invest in better and

safer roads and bridges.

“With 3.5 million truck drivers on our

highways every day working to deliver

America’s goods, it’s imperative that we

have safe and modern roads,” said Kevin

Burch, co-chairman of TMAF and president

of Jet Express. “A strong infrastructure network

is critical to the success of the trucking

industry and all of America. Our lives,

businesses and economy depend on it. Our

leaders must address the nation’s infrastructure

gap and provide the proper funding to

#BuildforTomorrow because, as the industry’s

latest television commercial shows,

life won’t wait.”

To help promote a better infrastructure,

TMAF published an op-ed article in the publication

Morning Consult titled, “The Time

to #BuildForTomorrow is Now” speaking

to the importance of excellent roads and


Morning Consult is a global technology

company revolutionizing ways to collect,

organize and share survey research data to

transform how decisions are made, according

to its website.

“Despite poor road conditions and the

traffic that results from it, 3.5 million professional

truck drivers travel America’s roads

every day,” Burch wrote. “Trucking professionals

travel over 462 billion miles each

year to make on-time deliveries to every corner

of America. That’s because more than 80

percent of American communities rely solely

on trucking for the delivery of their goods,

including the gas in our car, food in our

fridge, supplies in our office and medicine in

our cabinet.”

But, Burch noted, a faulty infrastructure

is threatening to slow down the trucking industry

as well as America as a whole.

“According to the American Society of

Civil Engineers, one of every five miles on

our highways is in poor condition. More than

one in eight bridges are considered functionally

obsolete, which means that they can’t

serve the current traffic demand. Congestion

and traffic, which result from poor and inadequate

infrastructure, are also problems. The

ASCE found that more than two in every five

miles on our interstates are congested, which

costs Americans $160 billion in wasted time

and fuel each year. In fact, the average commuter

wastes 42 hours a year in traffic, costing

us an average of $1,600 annually. Poor

roads and congestion also have a very personal

impact because life won’t wait when

it comes to missing out on important life


Throughout Infrastructure Week, TMAF

is sharing messages about how strong infrastructure

is critical to the success of the industry

on its other social media properties,

which include Facebook, Instagram, Twitter

and LinkedIn.

In addition, TMAF provided social media

content for the industry to use throughout

Infrastructure Week, including shareable images,

in their monthly social media content

calendar, which is available to members of

the trucking industry. 8


b Tax from page 1 b

lation would save money by addressing the

nation’s crumbling infrastructure — which

costs the average American more than $1,500

per year in repairs and congestion. We thank

Rep. Blumenauer for his leadership and hope

that Congress works with constructive leaders

like him to find a solution to improve our

decaying roads and bridges.”

“We’d love to see it happen,” David Heller,

vice president of government affairs at

TCA, said of the proposal. “A gas and diesel

tax hike is the best way to sustain the Highway

Trust Fund.”

Making the tax self-adjusting is the right

approach to take, Heller said.

“Then you don’t have to go down this

road again and have more conversations,” he

said. “It’s a hard conversation to have in the

first place.”

The proposal received backing from the Owner-Operator

Independent Drivers Association.

“OOIDA has always favored equitable

raises in fuel taxes as a means to fund America’s

highway infrastructure, and will continue

to engage policymakers on sustainable

solutions for the future that don’t disproportionately

impact professional drivers,” said

OOIDA Public Relations Director Norita


NATSO President and CEO Lisa Mullings

echoed Spear.

“We thank Rep. Blumenauer for his leadership

in introducing legislation that will increase

funding for infrastructure through the

fairest and most efficient means possible,”

Mullings said. “Construction costs and motor

vehicle fuel efficiency have continued to

climb, but the federal diesel and gas taxes

are the same as they were in 1993 when a

gallon of gasoline averaged $1.11 per gallon.

The buying power of the federal fuel tax has


Mullings said NATSO has long held that

increasing the motor fuels taxes represents

the most efficient means of increasing critical

infrastructure revenues. NATSO opposes

short-sighted proposals such as tolling existing

interstates and commercializing rest areas.

The Highway Trust Fund currently is

funded by an 18.4 cents per gallon tax on

gasoline and 24.4 cents a gallon tax on diesel.

The federal fuel tax was last increased

in 1993.

Mullings said over the past 25 years,

construction and maintenance costs have increased

and the fuel tax has remained stagnant,

eroding the buying power of the tax by

40 percent.

“It is a fact that we need more funding for

roads and bridges. Every day that we fail to

invest more in our infrastructure, we pay the

price in increased fatal accidents, traffic congestion,

and higher cost of goods,” Mullings

said. “As America’s aging roads and bridges

continue to feel the strain, it is time for our

Nation June 15-30, 2019 • 9

leaders in Washington to do the right thing

by raising the nation’s motor fuels taxes and

invest in our nation’s global competitiveness.”

Introduction of Blumenauer’s legislation

followed only days after POLITICO reported

that the White House has been reassuring

conservative leaders that it has no plans to

hike the gas and diesel tax to help fund the

massive infrastructure package that President

Donald Trump hopes to negotiate with


Blumenauer, senior member of the Ways

and Means Committee and longtime advocate

for infrastructure investment, said the

U.S. faces the largest infrastructure funding

gap in the world.




He said the sector with the greatest shortfall

is surface transportation, which the

American Society of Civil Engineers estimates

needs more than $1.1 trillion of investment

by 2025. Since 2010, 35 states with

legislatures controlled by both parties have

voted to raise their gas taxes. Inaction will

cost families $3,400 in annual disposable

income by 2025, whereas a 25-cent gas tax

increase costs the average driver less than

$3.00 a week and contributes nearly $400

billion toward upgrading roads, bridges,

and transit systems. Every $1.3 billion in

infrastructure investment adds 29,000 construction

jobs, yields $2 billion in economic

growth, and reduces the federal deficit by

$200 million. 8

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10 • June 15-30, 2019 Nation


Panel discussion at legislative summit

focuses on — what else? — infrastructure


WASHINGTON — A panel discussion last

month during a legislative summit sponsored

by the American Road & Transportation Builders

Association focused on the major infrastructure

issues facing the United States, especially

in terms of generating more funding for

transportation projects.

“The message we’re trying to get out there is

that [transportation] not just about building roads

like it was 30 years ago. It’s about maintaining

what we have, operating it as efficiently as possible,

and using all modes as part of a larger mobility

network,” said Jim Tymon, executive director

of the American Association of State Highway

and Transportation Officials (AASHTO).

His remarks and others on the panel were

printed in the Journal, the official publication of


“Transportation really has an impact on quality

of life and it is one of the few areas where we can

come together in a bipartisan fashion,” he said.

Tymon also remained “cautiously optimistic”

that some sort of infrastructure package will be

agreed upon and passed by Congress and President

Donald Trump. “Will it be $2 trillion? $1 trillion?

We will take what we can get,” he noted. “But any

kind of [infrastructure] package will have to address

the highway trust fund shortfall and the time

window is getting tight to do it. Because, come

January 1 next year, everything will be locked

down for the 2020 presidential election.”

Like AASHTO’s Tymon, Linda Bauer Darr,

president and CEO of the American Council of

Engineering Companies, said she remains “optimistic

that something is going to happen — the

only question is how big that something will be.”

The key sticking point is how to pay for it,

she noted.

“[Members of Congress] will not stick their

necks out until the president explains how to

pay for it. You can’t not have the money. There

are lots of infrastructure plans out there — take

your pick — but it is where will the money

come from that will decide everything.”

Dave Bauer, ARTBA’s president and CEO,

agreed with that assessment but with a key

twist: “We must embrace the commitment to

improve the entire transportation infrastructure

network [and] more money is certainly important.

But we must clearly articulate what we

will achieve with those resources.”

He added that it is “on us to make them understand

the benefits” of increased infrastructure


Paul Skoutelas, president and CEO of the

American Public Transportation Association,

described that view this way: “If you go to the

dance, you have to dance.”

He added that “it is an amazing time in the

sense that everyone is talking infrastructure, where

there is this appetite for action.” To that end, Skoutelas

said “we must make sure we are ready to act”

when an infrastructure package is unveiled.

“We know things can turn on a dime, so we

need to be ready, be engaged. Our position is: tell

the story about infrastructure. We think the justification

speaks for itself, but we need to remind

people about the benefits of it. And our recent survey

suggests the American people are ready for

greater infrastructure investment, with improved

mobility a big reason for it.”

AASHTO’s Tymon said that not only is “data

out there showing public support” for more infrastructure

funding, there is data showing that legislators

won’t suffer repercussions if they support

increased funding.

“We need to let them [Congressional members]

know there is safety in transportation from

a vote standpoint. Many states increased revenue

for transportation — over 30 in the last five years

— and regardless of whether it was a ‘red’ state

[majority Republican] or ‘blue’ state [majority

Democrat], no one lost their seat. We need to let

them know transportation is a bipartisan issue and

that your constituents will support you for raising

funding for it.” 8

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drive interstate; the drug and alcohol clearinghouse,

due early next year; the mandatory

switch from AOBRDs to ELDs later this

year; the perennial parking problem; infrastructure

woes — any of the usual subjects.

Martinez was joined at the long table by

David Heller, TCA’s vice president of government

affairs. Together they would touch

on all of those topics, and a few others. But

the central theme of the discussion was discussion

itself and the importance of communication

among all trucking industry stakeholders

for positive change to happen.

They were joined at the table by SiriusXM

Satellite Radio host Mark Willis, serving as

moderator for the informal discussion. Willis

handled the duty expertly, knowing enough

to toss out a well-shaped question then sit

back and let Martinez and Heller run with it.

The starting point of the discussion was

FMCSA’s efforts since Martinez became

administrator about a year and a half ago to

improve relationships with trucking’s various

organizations. Martinez explained open

communication is absolutely vital for his organization

to fulfill its function and for the

industry to get the government cooperation

and support it wants and needs.

“This has got to be a two-way conversation,”

Martinez said, and this discussion

format is representative of that. “In the past,

maybe we’ve had FMCSA administrators

come and give a speech, wave, then leave.

The point of events like this is to actually

hear what’s going on.

“I’m a firm believer in associations. Not

just for its members, but it helps in directing

communication with the agency. I need

to deal with the associations to clarify the

issues you’re dealing with. There’s a lot of

challenges out there. It’s a very diverse industry.

In order for us to do our job better, we

have to have that open line of communication.

I really believe we’re in the same boat.

It’s what you want, it’s what we want.”

Heller added that when that communication

is solid, the industry and the agency

develop a partnership working toward a common

goal — sensible, workable, productive


“It provides the industry, with truckload

specifically, with an opportunity to

tell our story,” Heller said. Since Martinez

has stepped into the administrator’s role, he

added, FMCSA has encouraged discussion

with the industry. “They’ve been very open,

they’ve been very forward. They’ve been

very direct with us. I don’t think there’s ever

been an administration that’s been more open

and willing and honest.”

Judging from the applause that line got,

much of the TCA membership present shared

that assessment.

Martinez said he’d learned to appreciate

the value of keeping open lines of communication

while he was a state motor vehicle

commissioner, first in New York and then in

New Jersey.

“That is my inclination,” Martinez said.

It’s how he got things done at the state level,

and it was what he envisioned when he threw

his name into consideration for the FMCSA

post. Fortunately, or maybe it was part of

the reason he got the job, this viewpoint was

shared by his boss, Secretary of Transportation

Elaine Chao. In fact, he said, it’s something

she insists on from all branches of the

DOT, “that we need to engage the industry

to get the best ideas that are out there from

the people that really know what’s going on.”

But letting the walls down is a two-way

process. Martinez recalled less than a month

after he became administrator, he attended

his first industry event listening session, “and

boy, did I get beat up.” The crowd gave it to

him with both barrels about Hours of Service

and about ELDs. He remembered thinking,

“What could I have possibly done in three

weeks” to have deserved this?

But he knew it was pent-up frustration.

“What I heard was a lot of frustration, even

to the point that they couldn’t even articulate

what they were so frustrated about,” Martinez

said. “I felt that right away, the drivers

were like, ‘you don’t know what we do.’

That’s not healthy for the industry, and it’s

not healthy for us as a regulator, because it

undermines our mission.”

FMCSA wound up doing five listening

sessions concerning HOS. Part of that was to

collect comments, but it was also to send a

message, that the agency wants input from

everyone, not just the guys whose family

names are on the sides of the trucks.

“We got to make them feel that, yeah,

we’re here, we’re listening, and it doesn’t

all have to be roses and sunshine,” Martinez

said. “Tell us what’s wrong, because that’s

the only way it’s going to get fixed.”

HOS revision is a great example of what

can be done when people in the industry are

engaged, they said. FMCSA asked for input,

and thousands did so, in line and in person. It

may seem like a long, dragged-out process.

That’s government, Martinez said, and to

some degree it’s unavoidable. The process is

the process.

But, Heller added, here we are, possibly

just days away from a notice of proposed

rulemaking. Usually, you could expect it take

two years or more to get this far on something

like this. What’s this taken, eight months?

“That is light speed for government.”

Whatever eventually comes out of HOS

reform, this shows what happens when

enough interested parties demonstrate their

interest. But, Heller pointed out, even if the

process yields HOS reform that checks off

every box on every driver’s Christmas list,

trucking will still have plenty of other issues

that will need addressing.

Martinez concurred. “It’s always a work I

progress,” he said, “and that’s the way I approach

it. You should always feel like, OK,

what’s next, because whatever we accomplish,

there’s always going to be something

else that we have to work on.”

But he’s encouraged that the walls are

coming down, that more people in the industry

are understanding his job and theirs are

ultimately pushing toward the same goal.

“The agency’s goal, as always, is safety,”

Martinez said. “If in doing so, it also can be

more efficient, that’s a huge win for everyone.”


Nation June 15-30, 2019 • 11

Program designed to ease

burden on CDL schools for

meeting new requirements


VANCOUVER, Wash. — Instructional Technologies,

(ITI), providers of training solutions for

the transportation industry, is making available

On Ramp ELDT (Entry-Level Driver Training).

The online training, testing and recordkeeping

system helps CDL schools meet the new federal

entry-level driver training standards that go into

effect in February 2020.

“While the entry-level driver training rules

will make new drivers safer and easier to hire, if

you’re a CDL school or a fleet that trains drivers,

the list of changes will add time and cost to

training,” said Laura McMillan, vice president of

training development at ITI. “Responsibility for

the written test has essentially been put on CDL

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schools instead of DMVs, which places a great

burden on them not only for providing training

and content but also for recordkeeping. On Ramp

eases that burden.”

On Ramp meets entry-level driver training

mandatory theory training requirements on the 31

core curriculum areas required under the new standards,

eliminating the need for CDL schools to create

new ELDT-compliant content, McMillan said,

adding that ITI evaluates and updates content on a

regular basis so schools remain compliant.

After students complete courses, instructors

can use a Group Training Module to lead in-class

discussions about real-world situations, answer

individual questions and cement learning points.

In addition to providing ELDT-compliant

training, On Ramp includes a custom-built

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courses, regardless of whether students took

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This capability makes it easier for CDL schools

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Perspective June

15-30, 2019 • 12


If you’re going to be a professional,

wear proper footware, off the dash

I see too many drivers who think they’re on

vacation instead of driving a commercial vehicle.

A lot of them are wearing loose footwear like

sandals and flip flops. I’ve just learned that even

though it’s technically not illegal to wear them,

unless the company says different, if you cause an

accident because you slipped off the pedal, you’ll

be liable for the accident.

Please wear proper footwear. Keep them off

the dash.

You’re not on vacation and you’re not in control

of your vehicle.

— Brian Roberts

The folks featured in trucking image

ads should have planned better

I would like to comment on the fuel tax that

the American Trucking Associations is trying to

push on us.

One of the commercials they are going to be

running on television is about a woman having a

baby and stuck in traffic, another one was about a

military man trying to get home, and another one

is about a father trying to get to his son’s baseball


I can sympathize with the people that have

to deal with that. At the risk of sounding like a

jerk in those three dilemmas the people involved

should have planned their trips better.

That’s what we heard on the radio when we

were forced to have the ELD. Furthermore, the

so-called infrastructure tax money will not be

used to repair roads.

That money will be used for roads that only

have autonomous vehicles on them. You may not

think so, but Chris Spear has already told the government

that they will be better roads, safer trucks

and a cleaner environment. So do not anticipate

any infrastructure improvements in this country.

— Thomas Selhorst

Reader says paper is predictable, ‘the

CNN, MSNBC of the industry’

Once again, you are totally predictable. You’re

as plastic as ever.

I saw the leading front-page story and knew

exactly your position.

It’s like watching CNN. And typical of all

corporate types, one side of your sanctimonious

mouth preaches safety while the other side wants

18-year old drivers.

You have never been a friend of the rank and

file. Never will be. In your convoluted pompous

head, you’re above that stuff. The real solution is

to pay more so that people will drop their Finney

job of sitting behind a desk and actually add value.

But that would strain your relationships with corporate

trucking. Your publication is the CNN and

MNSBC of the industry. Always has been.

— Bob Johnson

Editor’s note: At least you’re reading our

publication. 8

Time to stop being childish and get down to work in D.C.

Lyndon Finney

Eye on


When President Donald Trump goes on a road

trip (other than to play golf on a Sunday when he

ought to be in church), he leisurely strolls out of the

White House (probably wearing a red tie), throws

a few nuggets to a press corps intent for the most

part on hearing something that will make their report

the top story on the evening news or the lead

story in tomorrow’s print editions (at least where

they still exist), navigates the freshly cut lawn and

climbs aboard Marine One for a quick trip to Joint

Base Andrews where he climbs the stairs to Air

Force One waiting for the door to close and then

for a takeoff down a silk smooth runway.

Contrast that to this.

We decide to take a 45-minute drive to Hot

Springs, Arkansas, for a nice lunch at a restaurant

that has outdoor seating on Lake Hamilton.

We head north on our subdivision (the street is

nice and smooth because the subdivision is only a

year or so old), turn onto Denny Road, where we

dodge potholes for a mile or so (hoping no one is

in the other lane), then eventually make a right

on Kanis Road as we head toward Interstate 430,

which will take us to Interstate 30, which will

take us to U.S. Highway 270, which will take us

into Hot Springs.

Just before we leave Kanis Road, we are subjected

to a section of road that has to be the roughest

in the U.S.

I-430 and I-30 through Benton are nice, but

Speed is a factor in every vehicle. Now

combine that with following too close and

you have a recipe for bad accidents. Then

there is the issue of distracted driving at

high speeds. And I’m not just talking about

phones. There are reader boards … big bright

high-definition billboards that are designed

to take your eyes off the road. Speed is a factor,

yes, but not the entire reason. It’s usually

speed combined with — you pick the poison.

— Ken Kelly

just on the other side of Benton we hit a stretch of

I-30 where the right lanes have been beaten down

by big rigs to the point that now even they cheat

and move to the left lane.

Meanwhile, when he gets back in Washington,

the it’s time for the president to meet with

Congressional Democrats to further talk about a

$2.2 trillion infrastructure package they so smilingly

agreed to a couple of weeks ago.

The president is back from a smooth landing

at JBA and the Democrats have ridden down

Pennsylvania Avenue, which I’ll guarantee you

has no bumps or bruises or potholes.

Once inside, Speaker of the House Nancy

Pelosi accused Mr. Trump of a coverup (who in

Washington hasn’t covered something up, except

maybe Jimmy Carter?) and Mr. Trump turned,

took his bat and ball and went out into the Rose

Garden to tell the press what happened.

How childish.

After the so-called meeting, Pelosi said she

intended to pray for Mr. Trump following that

surprise Rose Garden news conference where

he demanded Democrats quit investigating him

(how childish of them).

A lot of folks better pray for Mr. Trump, Pelosi

and everyone in Washington who has anything

to do with this partisan politics game that is preventing

us from getting the roads and bridges that

the general public richly deserves after sending

their “offering” to Washington every paycheck.

It’s time for Washington to get down on its

knees and then get up and do something about

our infrastructure.

* * *

If you don’t think things are bad, consider the

fact that the length of America’s structurally deficient

bridges, if placed end-to-end, would span

The Governors Highway Safety Association says speed is a persistent

factor in nearly one-third of all fatal traffic accidents. For large trucks,

that figure drops below 7%. Is the speed of private passenger vehicles a

problem for today’s truckers, and if so, why?

Speed differentials are the problem.

When one class of vehicles is locked into

a speed 15 mph slower than all other classes,

collision rates go up.

— Bill Lee

nearly 1,100 miles, the distance between Chicago

and Houston, a new examination of federal government

data shows. And it’s a problem that hits

close to home.

The American Road & Transportation Builders

Association (ARTBA) analysis of the recently-released

U.S. Department of Transportation

2018 National Bridge Inventory (NBI) database

reveals 47,052 bridges are classified as structurally

deficient and in poor condition.

Cars, trucks and school buses cross these

compromised structures 178 million times every

day, the data show. Nearly 1,775 are on the Interstate

Highway System.

The most traveled structurally deficient bridges

are on parts of Route 101, Interstate 405 and

Interstate 5 in California, where daily crossings

are as high as 289,000 vehicles per day.

Although the number of structurally deficient

bridges is down slightly compared to 2017, the

pace of improvement has slowed to the lowest

point since ARTBA began compiling this report

five years ago.

States with the largest number of structurally

deficient bridges are Iowa (4,675 bridges);

Pennsylvania (3,770); Oklahoma (2,540); Illinois

(2,273); Missouri (2,116); North Carolina

(1,871); California (1,812); New York (1,757);

Louisiana (1,678); and Mississippi (1,603).

Those with the most structurally deficient

bridges as a percent of their total bridge inventory

are Rhode Island (23%); West Virginia (19.8%);

Iowa (19.3%); South Dakota (16.7%); Pennsylvania

(16.5%); Maine (13.1%); Louisiana (13%),

Puerto Rico (11.7%), Oklahoma (10.9%) and

North Dakota (10.7%).

Remember those numbers next time you cross

a bridge. 8

Tailgating is the real threat to safety but

that’s not worth investigating, due to the

fact that it would cost too much to enforce

and wouldn’t make near the money speeding

tickets make.

— Steve Strickland

THETRUCKER.COM Perspective June 15-30, 2019 • 13

Panel says state DOTs need to place

greater emphasis on safety matters

A Perspective


PARK CITY, Utah — A greater emphasis

needs to be placed on safety by state departments

of transportation, according to a panel

discussion held at the American Association

of State Highway and Transportation Officials

2019 spring meeting.

Mike Tooley, director of the Montana Department

of Transportation, moderated the

panel discussion and noted that, “safety needs

to be our most important job, because, if you

can’t survive the trip, transportation becomes a

quality of life and public health issue.”

According to a report in the Journal, AAS-

HTO’s official publication, Tooley, recently

named chairman of AASHTO’s Committee on

Safety and a 28-year veteran of the Montana

State Highway Patrol, said: “We need to have

more conversations and change the culture not

only in our departments but with the people behind

the wheel [of motor vehicles]. The person

behind the wheel needs to adopt a culture of

safety; we can’t engineer our way out of this.

The whole goal is to move to zero fatalities because

no other number is acceptable.”

Julie Lorenz, secretary of the Kansas Department

of Transportation, echoed Tooley’s

point, noting that “we do not have the same urgency

for safety in the public sector as there is

in the private sector.”

She stressed that state DOTs “have to push

safety every single day; that will inform everything

I do as long as I have this job.”

Shawn Wilson, secretary of the Louisiana

Department of Transportation and Development

and recently appointed chair of AASH-

TO’s Agency Administration Managing Committee,

said more than 700 people were killed

in fatal crashes on his state’s roads in 2018,

generating $8.6 billion a year in crash-related


“The key thing is, who are the people involved

in these crashes? Many, we are finding

out, are tourists,” Wilson said. “We are also

finding drugged driving is a big issue, with opioids

and marijuana, as well as distracted driving.

We’ve also seen an alarming uptick in pedestrian

and bicycle fatalities — they’re up 20

percent — so we’re trying to be more progressive

with the adoption of national standards to

protect those users.”

He added, however, that funding is an issue.

“We’re only spending $60 million to $70 million

a year on safety. And I like to say we have

a wheelbarrow full of needs for transportation

but only a thimbleful of funds,” Wilson said.

“So we need to make better decisions with that

funding so we can save more lives and reduce

deaths on our system.”

Yet Jay Norris, director of safety at the Tennessee

Department of Transportation, emphasized

that overcoming such challenges is what

state DOTs do best. “We’ve dealt with flooding,

tornadoes, wildfires; we can deal with

this,” he said. “Our people are our most important


To that end, Ed Hassinger, deputy director

and chief engineer of the Missouri Department

of Transportation, noted that a “realignment

of values and mission statements” is one

tactic his agency is employing to deal with the

safety issue.

“‘Safety, service, and stability’ is now our

mantra,” he said. “We are realigning the things

we’re doing around safety. For example, we

used to allocate our safety funds based on the

number of crashes that occurred on particular

roadways. Now we’re allocating them based

on fatalities and rate our [transportation] projects

on how well they can contribute to reduced

fatalities. We’re putting our money where our

mouth is when it comes to safety.”

George McAuley, deputy secretary of highway

administration for the Pennsylvania Department

of Transportation and the new chair

of the steering committee guiding the AASH-

TO Innovation Initiative, added that 94 percent

of all motor vehicle crashes have a “human

behavior component,” according to data collected

by the National Highway Traffic Safety

Administration. And one way of reducing if not

eliminating that as a safety issue is the broad

deployment of connected and autonomous vehicles,

or CAVs.

“CAVs offer a huge opportunity to reduce

[fatality] numbers,” he explained. “I don’t

know how that future trends out, but the advantage

is that human behavior factors go away as

a factor if CAVs are deployed widely over the

next decade. So by 2030 and 2040 we could

witness a huge decline in [traffic] fatalities.

It’s not that far out — in 10 years I think we’ll

see quite a bit of [CAV] volume. So we need

to make sure our infrastructure is aligned and

ready for it.”

Roger Millar, secretary of the Washington

Department of Transportation, noted that most

state DOTs won’t have enough money to do

everything they need to do when it comes to

safety improvements. “Thus we’ll need more

data-driven processes that will provide a basis

for regional administrators and others to make

targeted investments with the resources we

have,” he said.

Millar emphasized that “this needs to become

a real focus” for state DOTs for “as we

encourage more people to walk and ride bicycles

to be healthier, we don’t want them to be

killed doing it. Roughly 40 percent of the trips

people take go less than 5 miles. But they take

the vast majority of those trips in cars because

it is the only way to do it safely. So we need to

change our design standards from ones highlyoriented

around passenger vehicle mobility to

personal mobility; ones not focusing on the

mobility ‘containers’ we use to move around.”

He also noted that “this can be a very polarizing

conversation, so we need to bring data

and safety perspective to it. We need to recognize

effective designs can provide optimal

safety performance. And we’re really interested

in ‘mobility on demand’ or ‘mobility as

a service’ as they’ll help us bring more tools to

the transportation game.” 8

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Treana Moniz all business when it

comes to trucking


Women In Trucking’s May Member of the Month Treana Moniz may be the only professional truck driver who has hand-crocheted doilies adorning the seat backs in her cab and another

covering her CB radio. They’re a constant reminder of family, mementos handmade by her late grandmother.

Cliff Abbott

Treana Moniz loves her career as a professional driver.

“I can’t think of anything that I’d be interested in doing,

outside of trucking,” she said. She spoke with me from the

cab of her doily-decorated Freightliner as she approached the

Ambassador Bridge from the Detroit side. Since more than 25%

of merchandise trade between the U.S. and Canada crosses the

bridge, she’s no stranger to the crossing.

Moniz may be the only driver making the crossing with handcrocheted

doilies adorning the seat backs in her cab and another

covering her CB radio. They’re a constant reminder of family,

mementos handmade by her late grandmother.

“I like old fashioned stuff,” she said, describing another

family heirloom she cherishes. “I’ve got a tablecloth at home

that she made for my mother,” she related. “She crocheted some

beautiful things.”

Despite the touches of home in her truck, Moniz is all business

when it comes to trucking. She’s earned a long list of accolades

for her work behind the wheel and out of the cab, as well.

She’s currently a member of the 2019-2020 Ontario Trucking

Association’s Road Knights team and was selected as a Women

in Trucking 2018 Canadian Image Team Member. She’s racked

up several Driver of the Month awards at Winnipeg, Manitobabased

Bison Transport, as well as Eastern Company Driver of

the year last year. And she was Women in Trucking’s choice for

May 2019 Member of the Month.

Career drivers often say that trucking is in their blood, and

Moniz comes by hers honestly. Her grandfather hauled logs

with horse teams and her father drove multiple types of trucks

before her. Her grandmother, mother and an aunt all served

drivers by working in truck stops as cooks and waitresses. For a

while, Treana did, too, but the call of the open road was strong.

“Waitressing was a job,” she said. “Driving is a career.”

When she met the man who began her driver training, she left

the apron and coffee pot behind to learn the trucking business.

When the training was interrupted by a her then-boyfriend’s

medical condition, she attended CDL school and got her license.

After he recovered, they teamed together for five years. When

that relationship ended, she took her career solo, ending up with

Bison Transport after a short stint at another carrier. She’s nearly as

passionate about Bison as she is about driving.

“They’re a great company,” she said. “My truck is spec’d for

driver comfort, with an electric APU and a big inverter.” The

inverter is important, because cooking is another talent of Moniz.

“I love cooking,” she said. “I do my own cooking on the road, and

when I get home, I’m the chief cook and bottle-washer.”

When she’s not at home cooking for her son, daughter and four

grandchildren, she’s representing the industry, Bison and trucking

women at events for the OTA, WIT and others. “As a road knight,

I’ve been going out to the schools and talking to the kids,” she

related. “They may not get into the career, but I hope they’re

listening and they learn what women are capable of.”

Some of her educational efforts are to other drivers, too. She

recently became a Driver Mentor at Bison, but she doesn’t have

to be assigned a student–mentoree to offer help. “I have a lot of

newer drivers that talk to me and get my advice,” she said. “I let

drivers know they can talk to me, they can lean on me.” She shares

her knowledge with a down-to-earth approach that other drivers

appreciate. “If you don’t understand how to do something, ask. I’m

not here to judge, I’m here to help,” she said.

Her personality is well-suited for talking to people. “I’m an

outgoing person, I like meeting new people,” she said. Then, an

understatement, “I’m not shy.”

Whether she’s assisting new drivers, talking to school children

or representing her gender at a WIT function, her intent remains

the same. “I’m always planting those seeds to be safe,” she said.

“I tell them to be safe out there, always stay alert and watch out

the other person.”

What’s next in Moniz’ career? “I want that gold ring from Bison,”

she said, referring to Bison’s gift for accumulating a million safe

miles. “I’m over 700,000, and I want my millionth mile.

After that? “I’m not sure,” she said. “If I ever quit driving, I’d

like to get into the driver development or safety aspect of the

industry.” Some might argue that she’s already pretty good at

developing drivers and promoting safety, as well as representing

with pride the women in the trucking industry.

“If I ever get out of trucking, I’ll probably spend time with the

grandkids,” she said. There likely will not, however, be a lot of

shopping. “I hate shopping,” she said. “Are you surprised?”

Whatever the future holds, Treana Moniz will undoubtedly

approach it with the same determination and drive that earned her

the selection as WIT’s Member of the Month. She’s happy to help

anyone else get there, too. 8

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16 • June 15-30, 2019 Perspective

Brad Klepper

exclusive to the trucker

Ask the


There are a few things in life that are always

true no matter the facts or circumstances, things

that nobody can argue or take issue with.

For example, nobody can dispute the fact

that “fat people are harder to kidnap” (I am fat

so I rely on this one way more than I should)

or that “taking a laxative and a sleeping pill at

the same time is always a bad idea.”

As a result, I have come to view these items

as being universally true. Until recently I have

considered all of my universal truths to be cast

in stone and otherwise irrefutable. However,

this has recently changed.

One of my favorite “universal truths,” and

one that I try to live by and teach my kids, is

that you can never assume anything. Anyone

who has ever seen the movie “The Bad News

Bears” (the original one) knows when you assume

something you make an “ass out of you

and me” (ass/u/me). While this may be true in

many things, it is not always true when you are

behind the wheel of your truck.

One of the goals of the Federal Motor Carrier

Safety Administration is to reduce tractortrailer

collisions by increasing the focus on

highway-rail grade traffic safety. A “highwayrail

grade crossing” occurs when a section of

highway crosses a set of railroad tracks that are

at the same level or grade.

Crossings of this type are quite common

and can occur on both public and private roads.

Accordingly, the FMCSA has an educational

campaign to remind drivers to take adequate

precautions before crossing tracks and a list

of things to do should your vehicle become

stalled over a highway–rail grade crossing.

For the first part of its education campaign,

the FMCSA has published a list of seven steps

to take when approaching a “highway–rail

grade crossing,” including:

1. Approach with care. Warn others that

you are slowing down. One way to do this is

to turn on your four-way flashers. Also, consider

using the pull-out lane if it is available.

2. Prepare to stop. Turn off your fans and

radio and roll down your windows. You should

also locate your cellphone for use in emergency

and stop at least 15 feet, but not more than

50 feet, from the nearest rail.

3. Look and listen both ways. Lean forward

as necessary to see around your mirrors

and A-pillars.

4. If it won’t fit, don’t commit. Remember

that trains can extend beyond the width of the

rails so make sure you have adequate room for

your vehicle and cargo overhang.

5. Look and listen both ways again.

6. Cross the tracks with care. Always signal

and pull back onto the road if you use a pull

out lane. Also, use the highest gear possible

that will let you cross the tracks without shifting;


7. Keep moving once you start rolling after

you start, even if the lights flash or the gates

come down.

As you can see, the seven steps all make

perfect sense and will help make the world safer.

However, I would like to add an additional

rule, rule that violates one of my favorite universal

truths: Always assume a train is coming

down the tracks. By making this assumption

you should exhibit a greater level of care when

approaching the tracks thereby reducing the

risk of truck/train collisions and saving lives.

Possibly yours. Furthermore, this is one of the

few times where your assumption will make

an ass out of neither you nor me.

In addition to the steps to take when approaching

a highway-rail grade crossing, the

FMCSA has also published a list of four things

to do should your truck stall over a set of

tracks. The four things to do are:

1. Get out of your vehicle immediately.

Evacuate. Exit. Flee. Whatever word you want

to use is fine, just get out of your truck as trains

travelling at 60 mph can take up to a mile to

come to a stop.

2. Move away from your truck and the

rail. Walk toward the train and away from the

tracks at a 45-degree angle. If your vehicle is

hit, debris will spread out from your truck in


When crossing railroad, there’s an exception to universal truth: always assume a train is coming

the direction the train is travelling

3. Locate the emergency phone number

and DOT crossing identification number. This

information will be posted near the crossing.

4. Call the railroad emergency number, the

local police or 911 to tell them a vehicle is on

the tracks. Provide the location, crossing number

and the name of the road or highway that

crosses the tracks.

Again, I would like to supplement the

FMCSA’s list by adding an additional rule. If

your vehicle stops on the tracks always assume

a train is coming. Since trains can take over a

mile to stop, one may very well be around the

bend or over the crest of the hill, so take these

steps. You may not only save your life, but the

lives of others.

Brad Klepper is president of Interstate

Trucker Ltd., a law firm entirely dedicated to

legal defense of the nation’s commercial drivers.

Interstate Trucker represents truck drivers

throughout the 48 states on both moving and

nonmoving violations. Brad is also president

of Driver’s Legal Plan, which allows member

drivers access to his firm’s services at discounted

rates. He is a lawyer that has focused on

transportation law and the trucking industry in

particular. He works to answer your legal questions

about trucking and life over the road.

For more information, contact him at (800)

333-DRIVE (3748) or

and 8


June 15-30, 2019 • 17

ATA’s Truck Tonnage Index (Seasonally Adjusted; 2015=100)












APR - 14

JUL - 14

OCT - 14

JAN - 15

APR - 15

JUL - 15

OCT - 15

JAN - 16

APR - 16

JUL - 16

Compensation study notes significant

change in pace of carrier pay moves

OCT - 16

JAN - 17

APR - 17

JUL - 17

OCT - 17

JAN - 18

APR - 18

JUL - 18

OCT - 18

JAN - 19

APR - 19

ATA Truck Tonnage Index up 7.4%

in April after 2% decline in March

Cliff Abbott

ARLINGTON, Va. — American Trucking

Associations’ (ATA) advanced seasonally

adjusted (SA) For-Hire Truck Tonnage Index

climbed by 7.4% in April after dropping 2%

in March, according to a May 21 release by

the organization.

ATA calculates the tonnage index based

on surveys from its membership and calculates

an index score with 100 equal to results

in 2015. The April index of 121.8, therefore,

is 21.8% higher than the 2015 average. The

April number compares to a revised index of

113.4 in March.

The increase in freight was welcome

news to an industry that has been concerned

about stagnant freight rates and rumors of a

coming freight recession. Still, the increase

may represent more recovery from negative

factors in earlier months than a simple gain

in freight numbers.

“The surge in truck tonnage in April is

obviously good for trucking, but it is important

to examine it in the context of the broad-

See Tonnage on p18 m


Shown receiving the Schneider Green

Cross award are, left to right, Wendy Sullivan,

director/co-founder of the Clinical

Sleep Apnea Support Team at Precision

Sleep Solutions; Tammy Vogel, senior compliance

specialist at Schneider; Tom DiSalvi,

vice president of safety, driver training

and compliance at Schneider; Stephanie

Bostedt, compliance manager at Schneider;

and Oceana Slough, compliance support

team leader at Schneider. Precision

Sleep Solutions provides Schneider with

sleep services through a nationwide network

of clinics.


KANSAS CITY, Mo. — The National Transportation

Institute (NTI), which follows compensation

trends in the trucking industry, says it has

noticed a significant change in the pace of pay

moves by carriers and historic mileage pay rates

within the findings shared in its National Survey

of Driver Wages report (NSDW) for the first

quarter of 2019.

Featuring a process that includes proprietary

research tracking more than 70 unique attributes,

the NSDW is distributed exclusively to NTI subscribers.

In its quarterly study of key driver compensation

categories for over-the-road and regional

fleets, NTI said it found that while the acceleration

of pay moves has decreased, the pay changes

that were made rank as substantial.

According to NTI, the trends from first quarter

of 2019 point to the continued difficulty in attracting

and keeping highly qualified drivers.

Those findings make note that the industry is

reaching unchartered territory in the area of mileage

pay, with rates of up to 65 cents per mile for

solo drivers.

“Our subscribers tell us that while freight

has dropped and driver churn has increased, the

need to monitor driver pay attributes that produce

desired outcomes remains especially high,” said

NTI COO Leah Shaver. “Some of these outcomes

include referrals, safe, productive driving and fair

compensation for down time. We’re in a market

with near full employment, and driver expectations

are raised after a record year in 2018. In

these conditions, the driver situation changes rapidly.”

The NSDW also reports on trends related to

See Study on p20 m


The National Transportation Institute’s quarterly study notes that some recruiters are beginning

to take the viewpoint that guaranteed pay and transition bonuses are a better reflection

of a driver’s value.

Schneider honored for work

in combatting sleep apnea

with second safety award


GREEN BAY, Wis. — In 2006, Schneider

created a first-of-its-kind sleep disorder screening

program for all company drivers, providing treatment

for those who tested positive for obstructive

sleep apnea (OSA).

The carrier is now being honored for its pioneering

work by receiving the 2019 National

Safety Council’s Green Cross for Safety Innovation


In being named the winner, Schneider is

breaking more new ground: It is the only com-

See Schneider on p20 m

18 • June 15-30, 2019 Business



















Retention Program

First year $3,500

2nd $5000

3rd $7000





u $2,500 t

b Tonnage from page 17 b

er economy,” said ATA Chief Economist Bob

Costello. “February and March were particularly

weak months, as evidenced by the 3.5%

dip in tonnage due to weather and other factors,

so some of the gain was a catch-up effect.”

Costello also indicated that the Easter

holiday, later than usual in 2019, was likely

to have pushed some freight normally moved

in March into the month of April.

“I do not think the fundamentals underlying

truck tonnage are as strong as April’s

figure would indicate, but this may signal

that any fears of a looming freight recession

may have been overblown,” he continued.

Compared with April 2018, the SA index

increased 7.7%, the largest year-over-year

gain since July.

The not seasonally adjusted index, which

represents the change in tonnage actually

hauled by ATA fleets before any seasonal

adjustment, equaled 117.7 in April, 1%

above the March level of 116.6.

The industry experts are keeping an eye

on freight rates and capacity numbers. New

trucks are still being purchased in near-record

numbers, adding 10,000 or more trucks

to the nation’s capacity each month and far

exceeding the growth in freight. Everyone

knows there must be a tipping point, but

predicting when it will occur is tricky and

carriers want to bring in as much revenue as

possible while they still can.

Tariffs are on the forecaster’s minds, as

well, as current tariffs and those threatened

by the Trump administration continue to roil

the markets.

“While we can hope for a better outcome

than overly-heated rhetoric suggests, should

the tariffs occur, freight markets, which are

already stagnating, will be impacted,” said

ACT Vice President Steve Tam in a May 21

release of its Commercial Vehicle Dealer

Digest. “The moral of the story is that if

goods cost more, fewer goods can be purchased,”

he continued. The monthly report

provides analysis on transportation trends,

equipment markets and the economy.

“It is likely that tonnage will improve

in the second quarter,” Costello said, “although

year-over-year gains will be significantly

below the 2018 annual increase of 6.7

percent.” Tam’s outlook was similar.

“While there is a very low probability,

and no expectation, of an economy-wide recession

this year,” he said, “freight-related

data points have been sufficiently bad, both

in breadth and duration, that a freight recession

is not out of the question, and higher

tariffs could be what tips the scales.”

As for the April ATA Tonnage report,

The April report from the U.S. Census

Bureau, Monthly Advance Report on Manufacturer’s

Shipments, Inventories and Orders,

showed that new orders for durable

goods fell by 2.1% in April from March, a

total drop of $5.4 billion. New orders have

fallen in two of the past three months. Most

of the decline came in the form of orders

for transportation, including orders for new

Class 8 trucks and trailers.

Shipments of durable goods also fell in

three of the past four months, including a

$4 billion decline in April from March numbers.

Freight rates have remained relatively

stagnant, partially due to the season and in

part due to expanding trucking capacity. According

to the latest DAT Trendlines, rates

received a small boost due to the Memorial

Day holiday and the spot market should

begin rising as summer approaches. Spot

van rates rose to $1.85 per mile to start the

month of June, up a nickel from May rates.

Flatbed spot rates also climbed, reaching

the $2.34 per mile they averaged in March

before declining by six cents per mile into

May. Spot refrigerated rates also climbed by

six cents over May numbers, reaching $2.21

to begin the month of June. The report noted

that flatbed demand is expected to soften.

It will be interesting to see how the usual

summer increases in both freight amounts

and rates may be offset by declining imports

resulting from new tariffs and by the everincreasing

number of available trucks on the

road. 8

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Business June 15-30, 2019 • 19

100% Owner Operated

for Over 40 Years


The Heartland Express Driver Appreciation Team performed at the ribbon cutting for the new

terminal in Frederick, Colorado.

Heartland Express open remodeled,

new terminals in Colorado, California


NORTH LIBERTY, Iowa — Heartland

Express said it has opened a new terminal at

Frederick, Colorado, and a remodeled terminal

in Rancho Cucamonga, California.

Just north of the Denver metro area, the

Colorado facility offers a service shop with a

truck wash, fully covered 24-hour fuel island

and service lanes.

The terminal features a driver lounge

with 24-hour access and amenities that include

restrooms with private walk-in showers

and laundry room with full-size washer/

dryer units. Other comforts include sofas and

recliner chairs, table seating, ice machine,

coffee, and a large screen TV for entertainment.

An RFID software system was installed

for driver security and over five acres of

parking with industrial Wi-Fi network available

site wide.

The opening of the Frederick terminal

occurred shortly after the grand re-opening

of the newly remodeled Southern California

facility in Rancho Cucamonga.

This 20-acre facility includes all of the

amenities available in Frederick and utilizes

solar power. Rancho Cucamonga is also one

of 12 company locations that hosts driver

orientation. The company plans to offer driver

orientation at the Frederick facility.

“I’m extremely proud of these new terminals

and what we can offer to our drivers.

We’ve invested significant time, capital, and

environmentally conscious resources into

these provisions and look forward to seeing

growth of our market position in both locations

respectively,” said Heartland Express

CEO Mike Gerdin. “These grand openings

are just the start of great new things to come

from Heartland. Including the completion of

these two terminal projects, we are spending

an estimated $40-50 million on terminal related

capital projects during 2019. These terminal

projects are centered around upgrades,

remodels, expansions and terminal amenities

for the comfort and support of our drivers,

including additions of truck wash facilities at

certain locations. Our desire is to offer state

of the art amenities to our drivers while they

are away from home.”

The Frederick terminal is located at 9040

Bruin Blvd. The Rancho Cucamonga terminal

is located at 8566 Pecan Ave.

Heartland Express is an irregular route

truckload carrier based in North Liberty,

Iowa, serving customers with shipping lanes

throughout the United States. Heartland

focuses on medium to short haul regional

freight, offering shippers industry-leading,

on-time service so they can achieve their

strategic goals for their customers.

For more information, visit






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3rd $7000













20 • June 15-30, 2019 Business

b Study from page 17 b

guaranteed pay and sign-on bonuses.

While the sign-on bonus continues to hold a

traditional spot in the driver recruiting toolbox,

the first quarter NSDW notes that some recruiters

are beginning to take the viewpoint that guaranteed

pay and transition bonuses are a better reflection

of a driver’s value.

b Schneider from page 17 b

pany to win the Green Cross for Safety two years

in a row.

“Being honored with the Green Cross for

Safety Award in back-to-back years is an amazing

accomplishment, underscoring our commitment

to our No. 1 core value of safety first and always,”

said Tom DiSalvi, vice president of safety, driver

training and compliance at Schneider. “However,

the biggest win is that our driver associates are

more vigilant on the roadway and significantly

healthier. We weren’t trying to be innovative. We

were trying to save lives.”

Schneider became the first large-scale employer

to effectively and efficiently identify drivers

at risk for OSA and get them the critical treatment

needed to improve their health and safety.

OSA is a sleep disorder that affects one out

of five American adults and prevents restorative

sleep, leading to excessive daytime sleepiness

and long-term health issues. It is most commonly

treated by using a continuous positive airway

pressure device — commonly known as CPAP

— to keep the air passage in the throat open while


Schneider created a program that eliminated

the barriers — specifically driver down-time and

cost — by creating a nationwide network of sleep

clinics. This allows driver associates to be tested

while still under dispatch — either in the sleep

lab or with a home sleep test in their truck sleeper

berth. Their results are reviewed the next morning

by a board-certified clinician. If a driver tests

positive for OSA, a CPAP device is provided so


“Our observation is that in first the size of

signing bonuses continues to decrease, although

the number of carriers offering bonuses continues

to remain fairly high. At the same time, carriers

that are utilizing some form of guaranteed pay are

seeing a positive impact on turnover and hiring,”

said NTI CEO and founder Gordon Klemp.

The 2019 Q1 National Survey of Driver Wages

report is available through a subscription.

To learn more about the report and how to

subscribe, visit 8

the driver can be treated immediately and continue

with their load delivery without losing any

workdays, all at zero cost to the associate through

Schneider’s health care benefits.

Schneider has achieved several significant

outcomes as a result of this program:

• Fatigue-related incidents improved by 44


• Retention improved by 2.2 years of increased

tenure for treated associates (30% above

fleet average)

• Healthcare costs reduced by more than $300

per treated associate per month

The NSC Green Cross for Safety Innovation

award is given to a researcher, corporation, coalition

or organization in recognition of a transformative

approach to a long-held challenge in

safety. Schneider is the first truckload carrier to

be honored with this award.

“National Safety Council award winners

don’t just aim to check off a box for safety,” said

Nicholas J. Smith, interim president and CEO of

the National Safety Council. “These individuals

and organizations understand that a successful

day of work requires getting home safely, and

they prioritize safety at every level of decisionmaking.

We are proud to honor each of our nominees

and our incredible winners, all of whom are

committed to working alongside NSC to eliminate

preventable deaths in our lifetime.”

Schneider remains committed to sharing experiences

and learnings with companies, government

agencies and individuals to improve highway

safety and assist in improving the health and

safety of others, DiSalvi said.

For more information on Schneider, visit 8


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22 • June 15-30, 2019 Business






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June 15-30, 2019 • 23

Daimler Trucks forms Autonomous

Technology Group as global entity


At CES 2019, Daimler Trucks debuted the first SAE Level 2 automated truck to enter series

production in North America, the Freightliner Cascadia with Detroit Assurance 5.0.

Future for diesel technology in freight

transport bright, Forum exec reports


DALLAS — The future for diesel technologies

in freight transportation is bright, even as

new fuels and technologies enter the marketplace,

thanks to diesel’s improving efficiency, even lower

emissions, advanced biofuel capabilities and

unique combination of value for moving freight.

This is the insight shared by Diesel Technology

Forum Executive Director Allen Schaeffer,

speaking on a panel at Fuels2019, the annual

meeting of the Fuels Institute. Schaeffer cited the

continued overall dominant role of diesel technology

in commercial trucking applications and offered

perspective about its role in the future.

“Forecasters seem to agree that for the next

five to 15 years and beyond, diesel will remain

the primary technology for commercial trucking,

thanks to its unique combination of features,”

Schaeffer said. “Will there be some inroads

made in niche fleets and operations using

all electric, hybrid or hydrogen technologies?

Yes, of course. Some of these technologies are

in development and limited use today, as manufacturers

are developing a range of fuels and

technologies to best serve their customers. It’s

safe to say we’ll also see an increasing use of

biodiesel and renewable diesel fuels, as well as

the next-generation of diesel that is even nearerto-zero


Research from the Forum, conducted with

IHS Markit, shows that numbers of the newest,

See Diesel on p24 m


All applicable Love’s and Speedco service locations will be authorized to perform warranty

work with service repair times of three hours or less for all International Class 6 through 8 trucks.



STUTTGART, Germany — Effective June 1,

Daimler Trucks has established the Autonomous

Technology Group as a global organization for

automated driving, bringing together its worldwide

expertise and activities.

The main tasks of the new unit comprise

overall strategy and implementation of the automated

driving roadmap, including research

and development as well as setting up the required

operations infrastructure and network,

heading toward the series production of highly

automated trucks (SAE Level 4).

The newly established Autonomous Technology

Group is part of Daimler Trucks’ global effort

to put highly automated trucks onto the roads

within a decade.

To achieve this, Daimler Trucks announced

an investment of more than $570 million at the

2019 Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas.

In commercial trucking, Level 4 is the logical

next step after Level 2 to increase safety as well

as efficiency and productivity, Daimler officials

have said.

See Daimler on p24 m

The Trucker file photo

Today, more than one-third of all the largest heavy-duty trucks in operation use the newest generation

of near-zero emissions clean diesel technology, according to the Diesel Technology Forum.

Navistar, Love’s enter partnership to service

International vehicles at truck stop facilities


LISLE, Ill. — Navistar has signed a service

partnership agreement with Love’s Travel Stops

which adds more than 315 Love’s Truck Tire

Care and Speedco locations and more than 1,000

technicians to Navistar’s International service


The exclusive partnership, which will be

fully operational in the second half of 2019, authorizes

most Love’s and Speedco service locations

to handle a wide array of work covered by

a Navistar-issued, new product warranty, as well

as the company’s extended warranties and used

truck warranties.

All applicable Love’s and Speedco service

locations will be authorized to perform warranty

work with service repair times of three hours or

less for all International Class 6 through 8 trucks.

“Uptime is critical to our customers, and

this exciting partnership with Love’s will enhance

our customers’ uptime in multiple ways,”

said Michael Cancelliere, president, Navistar

truck and parts. “It will expand customers’ access

to same-day service for a wide array of

light mechanical repairs, adding more than 315

service locations, more than 1,000 technicians

and more extensive operating hours. It will also

provide our customers with increased repair

velocity, enabling more customers to get their

trucks repaired the same day. Love’s locations

will also accept Fleet Charge cards, the industry’s

premier parts purchasing program that

guarantees customers consistent nationwide

parts pricing. We look forward to collaborating

with Love’s to deliver these added dimensions

See Navistar on p24 m

24 • June 15-30, 2019 Perspective

b Daimler from page 23 b

“We are the pioneer for automated trucks.

With the formation of our global Autonomous

Technology Group, we are taking the next step,

underscoring the importance of highly automated

driving for Daimler Trucks, the industry and society

as well,” said Martin Daum, member of the

board of management of Daimler AG responsible

for trucks and buses. “With the new unit, we will

maximize the effectiveness of our automated

driving efforts and the impact of our investments

in this key strategic technology. We will therefore

be in the perfect position to put highly automated

driving onto the roads, making transportation safer,

saving lives and helping trucking companies

boost their productivity.”

Peter Vaughan Schmidt, who was head of

strategy for Daimler Trucks, now leads this new,

global and cross-divisional organization. In this

position, he will continue to report directly to

Daum. Schmidt has 15 years of experience in

the industry and in his previous position he has

been responsible for the development of Daimler

Trucks’ strategy on automated vehicles. “With the

Autonomous Technology Group, we are bringing

together our global experts and their vast

knowledge in automated trucking,” Schmidt said.

“In the first stage, we will focus on use cases of

highly automated driving in defined areas and between

defined hubs in the U.S.A. In doing so, we

will work closely together with customers whose

business matches this automated driving application.

We will not only develop the respective

technology but also set up the required operations

infrastructure and network.”

Roger Nielsen, CEO of Daimler Trucks North

America, which includes the market-leading

Freightliner brand, said DTNA is “excited to

have our automated driving efforts backed by the

Autonomous Technology Group. This new global

organization will enable us to even stronger

evolve the technology for highly automated driving

and vehicle integration for heavy-duty trucks

at our Automated Truck Research & Development

Center in Portland. We’re fully committed

to demonstrating the enormous advantages of

highly automated driving first here in the U.S.A.”

Main activities of the new unit include software

development, chassis redundancy, sensor kit

integration and operations infrastructure.

Software development for highly automated

driving will be one of the key activities of

the Autonomous Technology Group. Another

will be the so-called vehicle project. On the

one hand, the vehicle project will be responsible

for the redundancy in the chassis enabling

the vehicle’s systems to take over roles of a

professional driver while on the road, providing

the highest safety. On the other hand, the

vehicle project will take care of the automated

driving sensor kit integration (camera, lidar,

radar), which — together with a very accurate

map — is responsible for ensuring that

the highly automated truck finds its own way

on the road. The operations infrastructure and

network to be set up by the Autonomous Technology

Group — another key activity — will

consist of one main vehicle control center as

well as additional stations at logistics hubs.

The Autonomous Technology Group has a

global reach with experts working in various locations

throughout the company’s worldwide development

network, i.e. in Portland, Blacksburg

and Stuttgart. More locations will follow as the

test fleet is built up and deployed. Blacksburgbased

company Torc Robotics will be part of

the newly established Autonomous Technology

Group, pending the authorities’ approval of

the acquisition recently announced by Daimler

Trucks. Daum said both companies complement

each other perfectly, with Torc’s expertise in agile

software development and Daimler Trucks’

experience in delivering reliable and safe truck


Torc Robotics will remain a separate entity

and retain its name, team, existing customers and

facilities in Blacksburg. In addition, the founders

of Torc Robotics will continue to be part of the

company’s management team.

Daimler Trucks will continue to work very

closely on automated vehicle technology across

Daimler, including joint activities with passenger

cars, for leveraging synergies. At the same

time, truck specifications require their own development

activities due to the entirely different

nature of the system (one-box vs. articulated)

and focus on highway goods transportation

vs. inner-city passenger transportation.

Daimler Trucks is a pioneer of truck automation.

In 2014, the world’s leading truck manufacturer

presented the Mercedes-Benz Future Truck

2025, the world’s first automated truck, and was

the first to demonstrate the technological opportunities

and great potential that automated trucks

offer the economy and society.

b Diesel from page 23 b

most advanced and lowest emitting technologies

in today’s commercial trucking fleet are rapidly

on the rise.

Today, more than one-third of all the largest

heavy-duty trucks in operation use the newest

generation of near-zero emissions clean diesel


The Forum said this translates into substantial

societal benefits: 26 million tons of nitrogen oxides

(NOx) and 59 million tons of carbon dioxide

(CO2) removed from the air; 98% fewer emissions

of particulate matter; and an average $2,600

in fuel-cost savings per truck, adding up to 138

million barrels of crude oil saved.

“The real winners in all of this will be truckers

who will have more fuel-efficient fuel and

technology choices than ever before,” Schaeffer

said, adding that the Forum was confident diesel’s

b Navistar from page 23 b


In 2015, Daimler’s Freightliner Inspiration

Truck obtained the first-ever road license for a

partially automated commercial vehicle, and in

the same year, the world premiere of the Mercedes-Benz

Actros with Highway Pilot took place

on public roads.

Further information on Daimler is available at and 8

proven strengths will be challenging to beat.

Schaeffer said today’s generation of heavyduty

diesel trucks are the cleanest, and most scrutinized,

diesel vehicles ever made.

“Over the last 15 years, truck and engine makers

have worked to virtually eliminate emissions

from diesel engines,” he said. “The transition to

ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) fuel coupled with

advancements in engine combustion, turbocharging

and high-pressure fuel injection, and the addition

of advanced clean air chemistry achieved by

utilizing diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) in selective

catalytic reduction (SCR) systems coupled with

particulate filters, has enabled today’s heavy-duty

diesel truck engines to achieve near-zero levels of


“Five years from now, the new diesel trucks

rolling off manufacturing lines will be even more

fuel efficient and lower in emissions. We’re confident

these clean, high-performance vehicles will

continue to have a major role to play in ensuring

fast, dependable freight delivery in the U.S. and

around the world.” 8

of customer service, convenience and uptime.”

The partnership between Navistar and

Love’s creates the commercial transportation

industry’s largest service network, bringing

the International service network to more than

1,000 locations in North America, in many cases

with more convenient locations and hours of

service for its customers throughout the United

States, according to a joint news release.

“We are very pleased that moving forward,

Love’s and Speedco will be a service network

partner of Navistar,” said Tom Edwards, executive

vice president of tire care for Love’s.

“Both organizations have a strong commitment

to providing trusted maintenance service that

enables our customers to manage their equipment

and get back on the road quickly.”

“Navistar and the International Truck Dealers

Council collaborated on this agreement to

deliver industry-leading uptime to our customers.

The expansion of our channel capability to

more than 1,000 service locations will give fleets

and owner operators another reason to choose

the International brand and dealer network to

meet their transportation needs,” said Steve Hill,

chairman, International Truck Dealers Council.

More information about the partnership is

available at 8

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June 15-30, 2019 • 25

Old Dominion donates 12K baseballs

to group that helps kids take the field

Klint Lowry

Klint Lowry



THOMASVILLE, N.C. — Old Dominion

Freight Line stepped up to the plate recently

and donated 12,000 baseballs to an organization

that works to make sure kids who want

to take to the diamond can do so, even if they

can’t afford equipment.

Founded in 2005, Pitch In for Baseball

& Softball (PIFBS) helps give boys and

girls access to recreation and contributes to

positive youth development by providing

baseball and softball equipment to children

around the world. Over the past 14 years,

PIFBS has helped to eliminate equipment

as a barrier for more than 900,000 boys and

girls in the U.S. and more than 100 countries


For Old Dominion to contribute to an organization

like Pitch In for Baseball & Softball

seems to be a natural. Back at the beginning of

2017, the less-than-truckload carrier became

“The Official Freight Carrier of Major League

Baseball.” As part of the partnership, Old Dominion

put MLB branding on its tractor-trailer

fleet, and showcases its brand on various

media associated with Major League Baseball,

as well as through partnerships with 10

teams: the Atlanta Braves, Boston Red Sox,

Chicago Cubs, Chicago White Sox, Houston

Astros, Kansas City Royals, Los Angeles Angels,

New York Mets, St. Louis Cardinals and

Texas Rangers.

Possibly the most eye-catching promotion

has been Old Dominion’s “clear” trailer,

which travelled around the country in 2017

and 2018 on a marketing and promotional

tour. During the 2017 season, the truck was

the subject of a “Seats to the World Series”

contest, in which fans were invited to guess

how many baseballs were in the trailer. In

October of that year, after 51,000 entries,

Nicholas Haas of Roanoke, Texas, had the

winning guess of 178,596 baseballs, just in

time to win tickets to see his beloved Houston

Astros in the World Series, along with

tickets to the next two World Series, as well.

With the promotional tour ended, Old

Dominion found itself with a bunch of baseballs.

PIFBS was happy to take some off

their hands.

Meredith Kim, COO of PIFBS, said:

“This donation changed the conversation

with potential grantees. These baseballs help

us uphold our commitment to provide baseball

equipment to various programs and, in

turn, reaffirms the programs’ trust in us to

provide for their teams. We are extremely

appreciative of Old Dominion Freight Line

and their generous donation.”

PIFBS has already given baseballs to numerous

clubs and organizations across the

country. Several Major League teams have

“RBI” programs, which stands for “Reviving

Baseball in Inner Cities.” PIFBS provided

balls for several of those, benefitting 195

teams across the country. Baseballs have also

gone to The BASE, a Boston-based program

When people ask me about my job, one of

the most common questions is where we get

stuff to write about.

I wish I could say we keep our company

Learjet on permanent standby to whisk us

from Little Rock to wherever the action is.

The truth is nowhere near as cool. We get

most of it right here at our desks. Some of

it comes to us in the form of press releases.

We find other stuff on the news wire services,

like Associated Press. A lot of the rest of it,

we get from Googling. If we see something

big or breaking, or cool and weird, we look

into it.

My day usually starts with a keyword

search of the world. A few days ago, it appeared

that one item was by far the most

important thing happening on planet Earth,

at least under the headings “truck,” “trucking”

and “tractor-trailer.” There were about

a half-dozen websites posting on it. Immediately,

I refreshed my coffee, then my fingers

sprang into action to investigate.

Stop the presses, everyone, the story was

about a new video game called Truck Driver

due to be released in September. The game is

produced by a Dutch company called SOE-

DESCO. Personally, I haven’t played a video

game since the last time I ran out of quarters

at the 7-Eleven. That was 1986, as I recall,

so I couldn’t tell you if SOEDESCO is a major

player in the game design world, but the

press release and preview video for the game

seems to have set the gaming world agog.

Apparently, this new game is going to

put all previous truck driving video games to

shame. “Really?” I thought. “There’ve been

others?” I checked. Yes, there have — several,

in fact. But this one promises to be the

most realistic trucking experience available.

According to the official literature, some


Old Dominion Freight Lines’ clear trailer made the rounds at Major League Baseball parks

in 2017 and 2018.

committed to reimagining pathways to success

for kids; The Philadelphia School Program,

which was presented with two dozen

baseballs each for 47 high school baseball

teams across 38 schools, impacting 750 student-athletes.

Another beneficiary was Play Ball Pittsburgh,

a partnership between PIFBS, the

Pittsburgh Pirates, and the Tull Family Foundation.

Through a partnership with the Milwaukee

Brewers, the Felix Mantilla Little

League and Beckum Stapleton Little League

received baseballs, as well.

“Old Dominion’s baseballs served their

of the most exciting aspects of Truck Driver

is you get to (and this is word for word):

“Enjoy a trucking experience focused on

your career as a truck driver, build stronger

relationships with the local community with

each job, customize your truck with tons of

parts and tune it to your liking, explore a vast

open world and watch it progress with you,

navigate through beautiful landscapes and

fully explorable cities.”

All without leaving mom’s basement.

I watched the preview video and read the

literature. The premise of the game is that

you’ve inherited a truck from your uncle,

and the game is to become a successful independent

owner-operator. You have to “interact”

with fictional “customers,” building “relationships”

by successfully hauling loads.

The game features fun-filled challenges like

backing up, hitching a trailer and pulling up

to a fuel pump, and then traversing artificial

highways and byways without crashing into


The first thing you do is pick your avatar.

You can be male or female, white or black.

purpose for two great years in the clear

trailer, kicking off our World Series sweepstakes

and offering a fun photo opportunity

for baseball fans as well as serving as a symbol

of our partnership with Major League

Baseball,” said Dick Podiak, vice president

of marketing and communication at Old Dominion

Freight Line. “We are happy that the

baseballs will be put to good use and go to

the young people who need them. This donation

to Pitch In for Baseball & Softball can

give the baseballs a second life.”

For more information about Old Dominion,

visit 8

Truck Driver: For some it’s a job, a way of life; for others it’s all just a big game

All the choices are young, good-looking and

incredibly fit, you know, just like real truck


I started to wonder if the game’s realism

might be overstated. I had some questions

the promotional video didn’t address. Does

the game include being stuck at a shipper

for hours on end? Do the challenges include

finding parking for the night? How many

brain-dead four-wheelers do you have to

share the simulated road with?

Given the addictive tendencies of some

of these gamers, is there a penalty for HOS


On one of the websites that was sharing

this major announcement, someone commented

they looked forward to playing this

game, right after they get done with “Hanging

Sheetrock” and “Ditch Digging.” My reaction

had been similar. Granted, as I said,

when I left video games behind, they consisted

of shooting space bugs, apes who threw

things at you and round things trying to eat

other round things. I know video games have

See Lane on p26 m

26 • June 15-30, 2019 Features

b Lane from page 25 b

gotten much more sophisticated and diverse

and immersive.

Still, when I think of interactive fantasy

play, hauling logs is never the fantasy.

I wasn’t sure how real truck drivers would

react to this game. Would they find it ridiculous,

maybe even insulting that their profession has

been packaged into an oversimplified, sanitized

game? Or that some of these players will think

Find us on


search: The Trucker

they now know all about trucking because they

reached Level 4, or whatever?

If they really want to know what being a

truck driver is like, hey, there are plenty of

jobs available. They can pry their butts out of

the La-Z-Boy and come find out.

Then again, it’s kind of flattering. Truckers

often complain how disrespected they

are, how people look down on them. The

mere existence of a game like this shows that

on some level, the opposite is true. Now, as

always, the truck driver holds a certain mystique

to outsiders. People are fascinated and

intimidated at how you handle those enormous

vehicles. You represent the romance of

the open road. You’re mysterious in a cool

way, kind of like a cowboy.

OK, maybe the game doesn’t show what

it’s really like to be a truck driver. Maybe

that isn’t the point. It’s about fantasy.

I looked to see if I could find any “pretend

you’re a journalist” video games out there.

Not a one.

If there is, I doubt I’d recommend it. 8


















Klint Lowry

“Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor

gloom of night stays these couriers from the

swift completion of their appointed rounds.”

Most people think that is the official motto

of the U.S. Postal Service. It isn’t. It was

engraved over the entrance of a New York

City Post Office branch in 1914, and it just

sort of caught on everywhere.

Actually, the phrase was written by the ancient

Greek historian Herodotus, describing

the couriers who served the Persian army in a

sixth-century war with the Greeks. So with no

ancient Greek copyright laws to worry about,

after 1,500 years the motto may soon need a

reboot: “Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor

gloom of night nor bathroom breaks nor meals

nor sleep nor Hours of Service …”

On May 22, USPS began a test run using

self-driving trucks to transport mail between

distribution hubs in Phoenix and Dallas.

It was the first of five round-trip runs

over a two-week period in a partnership between

USPS and autonomous vehicle startup


Founded in 2015 and based in San Diego,

TuSimple has been on the leading edge

of development of SAE Class 4 commercial

truck technology. Having raised $178 million

in funding since its inception, in 2018,

the company expanded its Tuscon, Arizona,

testing facilities from 6,800 to 50,000 square

feet and began and began making commercial

deliveries in August for about a dozen

customers along the I-10 corridor within the

state of Arizona. The company currently has

12 contracted customers and is making three


Courtesy: TUSIMPLE

The United States Postal Service used Peterbilts fitted with self-driving technology by

TuSimple to make five round-trip mail runs between Phoenix and Dallas over a two-week


TuSimple’s self-driving trucks go postal on

2-week trial run between Phoenix and Dallas

to five delivery trips per day.

After its last round of funding in February,

TuSimple announced plans to have 50

vehicles on the road in Arizona in June. The

pilot program with the Post Office will mark

the company’s first foray into interstate delivery,

as well as its first venture into Texas.

The mail deliveries will be done in Class

8 Peterbilts fitted with TuSimple technology,

including its eight-camera array, which uses

lidar and radar to “see” 1,000 meters in all

directions. The route will run a shade over

1,000 miles each way over I-10, I-20 and


TuSimple will have a safety driver behind

the wheel, as well as an engineer in the passenger

seat monitoring the autonomous systems.

“It is exciting to think that before many

people will ride in a robo-taxi, their mail

and packages may be carried in a self-driving

truck,” said Dr. Xiaodi Hou, TuSimple’s

founder, president and chief technology officer.

“Performing for the USPS on this pilot in

this particular commercial corridor gives us

specific use cases to help us validate our system

and expedite the technological development

and commercialization progress.” 8


Features June 15-30, 2019 • 27


28 • June 15-30, 2019 THETRUCKER.COM



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