34 — Vanguard, MONDAY, JUNE 24, 2019 SUICIDE: Nigerian doctors acquire skills to tackle Post Traumatic Stress Disorder By Chioma Obinna IRKED by the rising cases of suicide in Nigeria, MeaningfulWorld, an Association for Trauma Outreach and Prevention, ATOP, last week trained Nigerian doctors comprising of psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, psychiatric nurses & resident doctors, and social workers among other professionals at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, LUTH, on how trauma could lead to suicide as well as different healing therapies for individual's level of trauma. This is coming at a time most Nigerians have been victimised and traumatised by various religious, community violence as well as the current banditry attacks. Unfortunately, little or nothing has been done on the mental health of the people. In a chat with Good Health Weekly, during the one- day workshop organised by Department of Psychiatric, LUTH, the Founder/ President of ATOP, who is also a professor of Psychology College, Columbia University, Dr Ani Kalayjian said ATOP was concerned about the level of trauma Nigerians in conflicts areas must be going through. According to Kalayjian, Nigeria is currently top in Africa with suicide rate and ranks 15th in the world. She blamed the upsurge to age - long trauma that most people have passed through without knowing. She said most of the trauma which now blossom to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD, may have been handed over to people by their great grandparents that never healed usually known as 'horizontal violence' in their practice. "A lot of religious motivated fights and burning of mosques and churches, all these comes from horizontal violence, when the trauma is not healed. These people keep a lot of pasts for a long time they cannot negotiate or communicate, they are depressed so this trauma, frustration and disappointment continue to grow until it blows and there is no way to go out and then blows horizontally. That is why brothers and sisters kill each other in different countries because they don't know what to do with their frustrations." Stating that PTSD has been implicated in suicide, she explained that high trauma causes despair and hopelessness, depression which all leads to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. *L-R: Clinical Psychologist, Lagos University Teachjing Hospital, LUTH, Dr Juliet Ottoh, Professor of Psychology College, Columbia University, Dr Ani Kalayjian, and Medical Social Worker, Mrs Perpetua Oni during a workshop on Post Traumatic Stress in Lagos recently. Lagos doctors seek reforms in state health system By Chioma Obinna MEDICAL doctors under the employ of Lagos State Government have tasked Governor Babajide Olusola Sanwo-Olu on the need to prioritise reforms in the state's health sector. The doctors under the auspices of Medical Guild in its congratulatory message signed by the Chairman, Dr Babajide Saheed noted that the health sector was an important sector in socio-economic development, as the provision of affordable, accessible and qualitative healthcare to the populace is of primary importance in the drive towards attainment of a developed society. Setting an agenda for the new governor, they argued that development in the health sector can be achieved through recruitment of more health workers to replace staff that left the system. They further stressed that for the state to provide qualitative health care that would meet international standards; the governor must embark on infrastructure development in the Health sector with the provision of standard and wellequipped primary, secondary and tertiary health institutions in the state. Also, they demanded the extension of retirement age of medical doctors from 60 years to 65 years, with the cessation of contract appointments, to allow experienced hands to continue to provide useful service, thus enhancing the quality of healthcare. "There is need to appoint medical doctors as permanent secretaries in the state’s health agencies in accordance with the Lagos State Health Reform Law of 2006 for effective and comprehensive administration in the health sector."
Ethiopia’s army chief, three others killed in failed coup ETHIOPIA’s army chief of staff, General Seare Mekonnen and the head of the northern state of Amhara were killed in two separate but related attacks when a general tried to seize control of Amhara in an attempted coup, the prime minister’s office said on Sunday. Amhara state president Ambachew Mekonnen and his adviser were shot dead and the state’s attorney general was wounded in the regional capital of Bahir Dar on Saturday evening, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s office said in a statement. In a separate attack the same night, Ethiopia’s army Chief of Staff Seare Mekonnen and a retired general were both shot dead in Seare’s home in Addis Ababa by his bodyguard. The two attacks were linked, the statement said, without giving details. Abiy’s office named Amhara state security head General Asamnew Tsige as responsible for the foiled coup, without giving details of his Iran executes ex-defence official on charges of spying for US IRAN has executed a former Ministry of Defence official on charges of spying for the United States government. Jalal Hajizavar, an excontract employee for the aerospace arm of the country’s defence department, was put to death for secretly working for the CIA, the IRIB news agency reported on Sunday A military court convicted him after an investigation discovered documents and spying equipment at his home. He was executed at the Rajai Shahr prison in Karaj, west of Tehran, but it is not yet clear when he was arrested. whereabouts. Asamnew was released from prison last year after receiving an amnesty for a similar coup attempt, according to media reports. Abiy took office just over a year ago and embarked on unprecedented reforms in Ethiopia, Africa’s second-most populous country and one of its fastest-growing economies. But the premier’s His contract with the defence ministry had been terminated during the Iranian year 1389 (March 2010-2011). Reports state that Hajizavar’s ex-wife was also convicted of ‘involvement in espionage’ and is serving a 15-year jail sentence. His death comes amid escalating tensions between Washington and Tehran which flared up this week when a US drone was allegedly shot down by the Iranian military. On Sunday, in what has been interpreted as a veiled threat towards the increasingly aggressive regime, Donald Trump shake-up of the military and intelligence services has earned him powerful enemies, while his government is struggling to rein in powerful figures in Ethiopia’s myriad ethnic groups fighting the federal government and each other for greater influence and resources. U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, Tibor Nagy, said the Boris Johnson under pressure to explain police incident *General-Seare-Mekonnen BORIS Johnson, the front-runner in the race to become Britain’s next prime minister, was facing mounting calls Sunday to fully explain an incident in which police attended an alleged altercation at the London home he shares with his girlfriend. Johnson ducked repeated questions during a leadership hustings in Birmingham the day before. Questioned by journalist and CNN Talk host Iain Dale, he said: “I don’t think they want hear about that kind of thing,” prompting applause from party members. “I think what they want to hear is what my plans are for the country and the party.” But International Trade Secretary Liam Fox told the BBC that while Johnson’s private life “does not concern me,” he added: “I think it is always easier to just give a former Conservative Foreign Secretary Malcolm Rifkind also told the BBC: “If you are a candidate to be prime minister and the police have been called to your house — fairly or unfairly — the fact is there was a police visit. You don’t just say ‘no comment.’ “That implies you may have something you don’t want to disclose.” Rifkind, who hinted he might back Johnson’s rival Jeremy Hunt in the race to be the next Conservative said: ‘Hopefully Iran is smart and cares about its people.’ The news comes as he announced a trip to the Camp David presidential retreat to consider his next moves against the state. Tensions in the region began to worsen significantly when Trump pulled out of a 2015 nuclear deal between Iran and six powers and reimposed sanctions on the country. Over the past weeks the US and Iran’s main regional rival Saudi Arabia have also blamed Iran for attacks on two oil tankers last week in the Gulf of Oman and on four tankers off the United Arab Emirates on May 12. attacks were probably prompted by disaffection over Abiy’s rise to power and his sweeping reforms. “There are vestiges of the old regime in power. Some of the elites are very unhappy with some of the reforms that... Abiy is taking for a variety of reasons including, I’m sure, some ill-gotten gains,” Nagy told reporters in Pretoria, South Africa. “It’s certainly not clear sailing for him (Abiy) from now on. He has an incredible number of issues he has to deal with,” said Nagy, a former U.S. ambassador to Ethiopia. The shooting in Bahir Dar occurred when the state president - an ally of Abiy - was holding a meeting to decide how to put a stop to the open recruitment of ethnic Amhara militias by Asamnew, one Addis-based official told Reuters. Asamnew had advised the Amhara people to arm themselves in preparation for fighting against other groups, in a video spread on Facebook a week earlier and seen by a Reuters reporter. leader and by extension the next PM, added: “It was a lack of judgement to refuse to even make a short comment. All he could have said, quite reasonably, would have been that in all relationships there are occasionally outbursts of anger and disagreement.” Labour opposition politician Andrew Gwynne said Sunday Johnson was “completely unsuitable” to be PM. He told Sky News: “In one sense, of course, it is a private matter, but when you’re running for public office, when you are wanting to be the prime minister of the UK, then these matters are in the public interest.” But Gwynne added that Johnson’s actions as a politician were more important. “I just think his record throughout his time both as mayor of London — wasting money on the garden bridge, wasting money on Routemaster buses, wasting money on water cannon that couldn’t be used — through to his disastrous tenure as foreign secretary just renders him completely, I think, unsuitable to be the prime minister of our great country.” Labour Brexit spokesman Keir Starmer tweeted the Guardian’s initial story about the alleged dispute with the comment, “Was there ever a man less suited to be Prime Minister?” VANGUARD, MONDAY, JUNE 24, 2019 — 35 British born Nigerian jazz star, Bunmi Thomas faces deportation A jazz singer born in Britain to Nigerian par ents is facing deportation from UK after falling foul of controversial Home Office red tape. In a chilling echo of the Windrush scandal last year, rising music star Bumi Thomas was shocked to be told she is in Britain illegally, despite having lived here for most of her life. She now faces being sent to Africa, even though her work, family and social life are all in Britain. Ms Thomas was born in Glasgow in June 1983 to parents who had come from Africa in the early 1970s. Changes to the British Nationality Act in January 1983 removed the automatic right to citizenship of children born in the UK to parents from former colonies. The singer’s parents should have registered her under the Act but were unaware they needed to do so. Her plight is harder to bear because her elder sister Kemi, with whom she lives in East London, has always been a British citizen as she was born before the changes to the Act. Ms Thomas believes she is a victim of the Home Office becoming over-zealous after then Home Secretary Theresa May introduced a ‘hostile environment’ towards illegal migrants in 2012. The policy resulted in the Windrush scandal, which saw dozens of long-standing British citizens deported because they lacked papers proving their right to be in the country. Ms Thomas, 36, who has performed on the BBC, said: ‘My parents came here at the end of the Windrush era. ‘I had a National Insurance number, I had my birth certificate, I’d got a driving licence, a bank account, I went to college. At no point during that process was there any indication I was doing anything incorrectly. I believe that I am British.’ Although she was born in Scotland, Ms Thomas lived with her father in Nigeria between the ages of three and 18. She thought she had dual British- Nigerian nationality when she returned to Britain. She applied for a UK passport when she was 25 but she was refused. She was granted temporary discretionary leave to remain and told she could apply for permanent residency. Erdogan suffers defeat in Istanbul’s mayoral vote IN a major blow to Turkish President Recep Tayy ip Erdogan, the opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) candidate Ekrem Imamoglu has declared victory in the rerun of Istanbul’s mayoral election, after initial results showed he was set for a clear win. Imamoglu had won 54 percent of votes with almost all of the ballot boxes opened on Sunday, with the ruling Justice and Development Party’s (AK Party) candidate trailing on 45 percent and conceding defeat. Imamoglu promised a “new beginning” for Turkey’s largest city and commercial hub. “You have protected the reputation of democracy in Turkey,” he told supporters. His opponent, former Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim, conceded defeat after initial results showed he was set to lose by a decisive margin. “According to the result as of now, my competitor Ekrem Imamoglu is leading the race. I congratulate him and wish him good luck,” Yildirim said. CHP’s projected win in the Istanbul election ends the 17-year rule by the AK Party in the metropolis. The Istanbul mayoral election was first held on March 31, when Imamoglu secured 48.8 percent of the vote, while the AK Party’s Yildirim held 48.55 percent, granting Imamoglu the title of mayor with a razor-thin margin. The AK Party proceeded to file an “extraordinary objection” to the results, leading the Supreme Electoral Council (YSK) to annul the results and schedule Sunday’s rerun. The Istanbul election has become far bigger than any local vote, as the rerun put into question the country’s democracy and threatened the AK Party’s grip on power over the last two decades. Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan - who served as Istanbul’s mayor in the 1990s and leads the AK Party - has famously said: “Whoever loses Istanbul loses Turkey” . Erdogan cast his vote on Sunday amid high security in Uskudar, a predominately conservative district on the city’s Asian side. Berk Esen, Bilkent University assistant professor of international relations, described it as being a “major personal blow for Erdogan.