ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (1)

yashjaswani.raletta

In computer science , Artificial Intelligence(AI) , also called Machine Intelligence , is intelligence demonstrated by machines , in contrast to the Natural Intelligence displayed by humans . In other words Artificial Intelligence is a capability of machine to behave like a human (i.e. it may feel, it may think and many more things that humans perform should be performed by the machine very easily).

ARTIFICIAL

INTELLIGENCE


WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE(AI) ?

In computer science , Artificial Intelligence(AI) , also called Machine

Intelligence , is intelligence demonstrated by machines , in contrast

to the Natural Intelligence displayed by humans . In other words

Artificial Intelligence is a capability of machine to behave like a

human (i.e. it may feel, it may think and many more things that

humans perform should be performed by the machine very easily).

OR

The ability of a digital computer or computer controlled robot to

perform tasks like humans.


TYPES OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

(On basis of Functionalities)

a)Reactive Machines: It is the basic form of AI. It does not contain

past memory and it cannot use past memory for the future

operations. Ex : IBM Chess program

b)Limited Memory: This type of AI is used in Self Driving Cars.

They observe other cars’ speed and direction. These observations

are stored and saved in the programming part of the AI system

which may be used by the AI system in future. But this type of AI

system fails when their comes a new situation or condition. This AI

system does not know about any new conditions or situations.


TYPES OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

(On basis of Functionalities)

c)Theory of Mind: This type of AI should be able to understand

people’s emotions, beliefs , thoughts ,expectations. This type of AI

are also able to interact socially. This is not the AI system which we

humans are thinking or thinking to get. We want more Innovations in

AI system.

d) Self Awareness: It is an AI which is a complete human being i.e.

it contains its own conscious, self awareness and super intelligent.

This kind of AI is not possible , it is just a thinking.


WAYS TO ACHIEVE AI

1.)Machine Learning(ML): It is a method in which a target is

defined and is achieved by working in small steps and these steps

are done by machine itself . in this type of AI machine gains

experience and save it for future use. For example, to identify a

small object such as apple or mango we are not able to explain or

code about the details of apple or mango. We are able to simply

show the small thing to the machine so that it should save all details

about it, such as size, shape, colour etc.


WAYS TO ACHIEVE AI

2.)Natural Language Processing(NLP): In this way the software

will automatically manipulate the natural language like speech and

text. One of the well known examples of this is email spam.

3.)Vision: It is the field which enables machines to see. In this all the

Visual information is captured and analysed with the help of camera,

Analog to Digital conversion, and digital signal processing. It is

usually achieved by Machine learning to get the best possible result

so we say that these two fields are interlinked.


WAYS TO ACHIEVE AI

4.)Robotics: It is the field of engineering which deals with the design

and manufacturing of robots. Robots are same in looking as humans

and perform tasks that are difficult to perform by humans. These are

more consistent than humans.

Sophia is a good example of robot which interacts socially.


ADVANTAGES OF AI

1.)Error Reduction: AI has low error rate as compared to humans, if coded properly. It

is more precise, accurate and fast.

2.)Difficult Exploration: In mining we use Artificial Intelligence and Science of Robotics

3.)Account Management: It become very easy and secure with the help of AI. All

banking and financial institutions are using AI for Account Management.

4.) Fraud Detection: AI is also used to detect fraud in all smart card based systems.


ADVANTAGES OF AI

5.) No Breaks: Machine do not require any break or refreshment like humans as

machines are programmed for long hours working.Machines perform continuously

without getting bored.

6.) time saving: As we know that machines can work continuously with accuracy, no

error and does not need a break so they save our time .

7.) Increased work efficiency: AI system is used to do the work efficiently and properly

without any errors.


DISADVANTAGES OF AI

1.)High Cost: Creation of Artificial Intelligence is very costly as it requires a lot of

complex machines for its development. Its maintenance is also very costly.

2.)Lesser Jobs: As the AI system and Robots are doing the work more efficiently than

humans hence taking the place of humans and decreasing the job opportunities for

humans.

3.)Make Humans Lazy: As we give most of our work to robots we are making ourselves

lazier.

4.) Addiction: We are becoming addicted to AI systems which is not good for us.


CONCLUSION

As a result we have studied Artificial Intelligence, its types and ways

to achieve it. We also learn about the advantages and

disadvantages of AI system in this article.

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