Smart Industry 1/2019

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Smart Industry 1/2019 - The IoT Business Magazine - powered by Avnet Silica

Smart COMMUNICATION Smart Cities Need Intelligent Infrastructure

decades ahead. This competitive pressure,

along with the need to address

growing populations, should accelerate

the adoption of technologies over

the coming years. Cities may never be

recognized as dynamic, fast-moving

metropolises but they are certainly

changing in meaningful ways.

Transformation of urban systems will

require a shift of the business models

in use by today’s urban-focused enterprises,

such as electric power companies.

Changes now underway are

irrevocably altering the 90-year-old

utilities models. The good news is that

there are ways to transform industries

that are affordable to consumers.

For transformation of the power grid’s

intelligence and efficiency – from generation

to consumption – end-to-end

Internet protocol (IP) communications

platforms will continually need to be

designed. Delivering increased grid reliability,

security, resiliency, and power

quality will not be easy. A missing ingredient

is the technology framework

that would enable smart grids to become

open platforms for innovation.

“The goal is the complete integration

of information and communication

technology (ICT) and existing energy

New types of smart

city systems

can provide real-time

data feeds from multiple

smart sensors for

both environmental

data such as heat

or toxins as well as

information about

traffic flows.

infrastructures for increasingly decentralized

development, monitoring,

and management of a resilient grid,”

writes Monjur Mourshed of Cardiff

University – which is why it’s so important

to focus on an open platform for

innovation.

Collective efforts must focus on developing

solutions that transform

energy production, distribution, and

consumption, while using a highly

secure, open-standards-based system

built around the common language

of IP networking. The goal must be

to help utilities do something that

has long been discussed: to provide

a more reliable and efficient delivery

of electric power from the generation

facilities to businesses and homes, and

creating better energy management

to provide positive economic and environmental

benefits.

Next-generation grids will need to be:

Observable – Making a smart grid

work will hinge on the observability

of the fast, reliable, and secure exchange

of data all across the grid.

This capability can emerge through

pervasive, real-time sensing measured

in increasingly shorter durations – as

short as 120th of a second.

Automated – Employing pervasive

sensing means developing the ability

to automatically respond to conditions

and events beyond traditional

protection and controls. This will eventually

become mainstream and will

allow more refined control of what is

becoming an increasingly diverse and

stochastic electric system.

Intelligent – Energy networks and

other grids will evolve over the next

ten years to enable diverse sources of

supply and responsive loadings. Sophisticated

analytics, coupled with advanced

distributed control schemes,

will enable adaptive teleprotection

and intelligent systems to manage inherently

unstable systems.

Transactive – As IoT converges with

the “electrification of everything,”

hundreds of millions of energy-smart

devices will be able to interact with energy

markets. This can lead to trillions

of micro-transactions.

The technology required is worth investigating

because there are elements

of the tech story that are not obvious.

The ongoing process to electrify energy

is having two notable impacts that

are hidden from public view:

• Increasing the roles played by clean

electricity in fueling our economies

• Improving the positive relationship

between electricity consumption

and economic growth

Convergence of multiple networks is

now underway and one element that

stands out is where information, communications,

and electricity networks

interplay with social networks. This is

providing a platform for a smarter grid

that empowers customers.

Networks Are Platforms

In the long term, energy interdependence

linked with cleantech economic

policies is the right direction for government.

More immediately, there is

the need to balance the new demands

on the electric grid and operations

with minimizing cost increases to customers.

Using energy networks as platforms

means the entire energy ecosystem

can be made smarter, faster, more

agile, resilient and, most importantly,

more secure – from power generation

to its consumption. A customer’s ability

to pay the price for this modernization

and the implementation of clean

energy policies is stretched owing to

an increasing population that is on

fixed or low income.

Rising global demand means traditional

approaches to increase electric

generation and distribution capacity

will no longer suffice. Companies

and governments will need to work

together to create a more secure and

scalable end-to-end communication

infrastructure to provide real-time

information on the performance and

health of the grid operators. That system

will also need to allow customers

to do more than consume – they must

be empowered to collaborate with the

utility companies in efficiency energy

management. Employing the network

for energy management will enable

utility companies to optimize power

supply in response to demand, improve

security and reliability, integrate

renewable energy resources onto the

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