20 References: Aerial Tramways 78-ATW Marquam Hill Urban development by tram Portland Aerial Transportation Inc. Portland, OR | USA 1,027 m 112 m 1,014 pphpd 10.0 m/s 3 min 1 tower The City of Portland has used a ropeway as a catalyst for redevelopment of the South Waterfront District. An architecturally stunning reversible aerial tramway links the Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU) with the South Waterfront District on the Willamette River. The OHSU is a top-tier medical research institution and also the city’s largest employer. Portland itself has a population of 500,000, while over 2 million people live in the metropolitan area. The design of the tram is visually impressive. Passengers reach the terminal via a glazed bridge from the ninth story of the 14-story main building. From here, they enjoy a 3,300- foot (1-kilometer) trip down to the parking lot. The 140-foot (43-meter) upper terminal is a pyramid of glass, steel and concrete, which widens out toward the top and is described by the architects as being “as gracious as a ballet dancer”. The cabins are perfectly matched with this elegant construction. While providing space for eight seated and 70 standing passengers, the cabins appear light and airy “like soap bubbles in the sky”. They refract and reflect the daylight and do not carry any advertising text which is visible from the ground. The South Waterfront station was designed as the “earthly” counter point to the upper terminal on the hill which is “of the air”. Urban development and the expansion of the university have been given a decisive boost by the tram, which is an integral part of the public transport system. “I viewed my mission as mayor to build the city physically as well as socially and economically. This is one physical build that I am proud of.” Vera Katz, former mayor of Portland Other References in Brief 230-ATW Halong Queen Cable Car Location Halong City, Vietnam Customer Sun Group Year of construction 2016 Inclined length 2,165 m Vertical rise 88 m Speed 10.0 m/s Capacity 2,000 pphpd Highlight Passengers travel in the world's biggest ropeway cabin (230 people) across the world’s tallest ropeway tower (188.88 meters) 130-ATW G-Link Location Wagrain, Austria Customer Bergbahnen AG Wagrain Year of construction 2013 Inclined length 2,309 m Vertical rise 8 m Speed 12.0 m/s Capacity 1,268 pphpd Highlight Connects two mountains. The proven recovery system for aerial tramways has been incorporated for utmost safety of all passengers. 45-ATW San Marino Location San Marino Customer Azienda Autonoma di Stato per i Servizi Pubblici Year of construction 2017 Inclined length 338 m Vertical rise 166 m Speed 6.0 m/s Capacity 1,190 pphpd Highlight Accesses the historic center and provides information to the passengers via info screens.