Triangle Gardener-July-August 2019

trianglegardener

The July-August 2019 issue of Triangle Gardener magazine - the local guide to enjoyable gardening in Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, North Carolina

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TRIANGLEGARDENER.COM JULY – AUGUST 2019

Succulents!

perfect for summer

celebrating

10

years!

Plant Focus: Gorgeous Gingers

Microclimates: Planting Tips

Giving Up: To Get More

Watch Out: For Japanese Beetles

ALSO! WWW.TRIANGLEGARDENER.COM GARDEN EVENTS • BOOKS • BIRDS • EXPERTS • TRAVEL • GARDEN NEWS 1


ON THE COVER: Succulents / Manseok Kim

from Pixabay.

IN THIS ISSUE

Have the Courage of Your Gardening Convictions..........3

Controlling Japanese Beetles..............................................5

Plant Focus: Gorgeous Gingers........................................6

How to Exploit a Microclimate in Your Garden..............8

Sizzling Succulents..............................................................10

Letting Go, Just a Bit, of My Garden.................................13

News for the Garden........................................................14

Book Review: A Different Kind Of Garden.................15

Travel: Visiting Hendersonville, NC................................16

Backyard Birding................................................................18

Garden Tips & Tasks..........................................................18

July-August Garden Events...............................................19

Bullington Gardens / John Murphy

VOLUME 11 ISSUE 4

Summer is in full force in July

and August. The months are filled

with memory-making activities and

vacations for many. But then as

mid-August rolls around, we worry

that we won’t fit in all of the fun we

had planned before summer ends.

And for our gardens, it’s the dog

days. It seems that many plants take

a vacation in these months, unless you have plants that love the heat

and humidity.

While I don’t encourage anyone to venture out when the temps

are soaring and the humidity is high, it doesn’t usually keep me out

of the garden. I guess I prefer hot weather over the cold of winter.

And my garden is mostly shaded, which does drop the temperature -

some say by up to 10 degrees. If only it were a dry heat.

One tip for summer is that you can find some great deals

on plants at our local garden centers. I love it in August when

perennials go on sale. You can get some great discounts like buy

one plant get several free. Check out your local garden center to see

what specials they have this summer.

Still planning a vacation? I recently traveled to the town of

Hendersonville over in the Blue Ridge mountains. It’s a town after

my own heart - charm and gardens. I have a story in this issue about

my trip there.

Before you know it, you’ll be saying, “What happened to

summer?” So I encourage you to grab a cold drink and enjoy your

garden these next two months. See you in September.

TO ADVERTISE CALL 919-926-7501 ads@trianglegardener.com

Beverly Hurley

Publisher / Editor

Rosemarie Wilson

Advertising

Triangle Web Printing

Printing

FROM THE EDITOR

Brie Arthur

Kit Flynn

Ben Graham

Lise Jenkins

CONTRIBUTORS

Beverly

Cynthia Sollod

Christine Thomson

Mark Weathington

Helen Yoest

REACH US AT P.O. Box 91132, Raleigh, NC 27675. 919-926-7501

www.TriangleGardener.com info@TriangleGardener.com

Triangle Gardener is a free bi-monthly publication distributed in the Raleigh-Durham-

Chapel Hill area of North Carolina. Distribution sites are listed on www.TriangleGardener.

com. The views expressed in the publication by contributors and advertisers are not necessarily

those of the publisher Triangle Gardener, LLC. Triangle Gardener assumes no liabilty for

errors or omissions, including typographical errors. Reproduction of articles, photography,

artwork or the compilation thereof is prohibited without written permission of the publisher.

Copyright 2009-2019 by Triangle Gardener, LLC. All rights reserved.

2

TRIANGLE GARDENER JULY – AUGUST 2019


Have the Courage of Your Gardening Convictions

A

long time ago I

mentioned to a rather

snobbish gardening

friend that I was think

ing of planting some

gladioli—and met with a withering

response that, “No one plants

gladioli anymore.” From this bit of

confrontation, I learned a valuable

lesson about why I garden: I garden

to please myself. While I would like

others to like my garden, I’m really

working to satisfy one person: me.

Gardening “rules” should act as

guidelines, guidelines you may decide

to follow or to break. Common

gardening wisdom recommends

planting in odd groups of one, three,

five, and more. However, in every

gardener’s life there comes a time

when you might want two or four of

a particular plant. We’re all confined

by room, sun or shady areas, and

price. And, I have found that properly

planted, two specimens may

please me as much as three would.

I’m a plant nut. I’m curious how

a particular plant will look. Some

consider my garden a hodgepodge,

while I refer to it as “Organized

Chaos.” Some have accused me of

being a “plant collector”—not necessarily

a compliment.

I manage to shrug off these

comments because I don’t garden

for other people: I garden for myself.

When I met Mark Weathington,

the director of the JC Raulston

Arboretum, at a symposium, he

announced that he was more of a

“plant person” than a gardener in

that he was intellectually fascinated

with plants. Clearly, he was a man

after my own heart.

A landscape designer once

advised me to buy twenty-five

specimens of a single plant—and I

gasped. Clearly, he was after waves

of color, something I am not. Which

one of us is wrong? The answer is

neither one of us: we are just after

different gardening results.

I am passionate about my

sustainable roses but I don’t want a

hedge of roses, especially all of one

variety. There is nothing wrong with

it; it simply isn’t the end product

I want. I personally like plants all

mixed together so that a crinum

might land up near a shrub rose

that is surrounded by daylilies. This

might be jarring to your eye but to

my eye it’s quite pleasing.

The point I am making is that

gardens should reflect our personalities.

My “Organized Chaos” reflects

the fact that I’m not as tidy as I

should be—I doubt if I will change.

And please don’t misunderstand

me in thinking that you can throw

all gardening rules out the window.

You cannot. However, you must

determine you own gardening rules.

Here are a couple of mine:

- Feed the soil, not with tons of

fertilizer, but with compost.

- Weed, weed, weed.

- Research the plants to avoid

overly-enthusiastic ones. I won’t

plant invasive plants.

- Only plant own-root roses.

- Avoid orange.

If you are shaking your head at

the last two, let me explain. I dislike

the color orange—I really dislike

orange—and I have dear friends

who search out the orange flowers I

avoid. Orange works for them and it

doesn’t for me—it’s that simple.

As for own-root roses, I believe

there are good reasons to insist on

them. I will not compromise on this

gardening rule of mine.

I can afford to follow these rules

because they work for me. They

might not work for you and that’s

okay because hopefully you are gardening

to please yourself, following

your own rules.

And yes, I did plant the gladioli

that happily reappear every spring.

After joining the

Durham County

Extension Master

Gardeners in 2003, Kit

Flynn now has emeritus

status. She writes

gardening articles for

the Durham County

Extension Master

Gardener newsletter, an online magazine

“Senior Correspondent,” and “The Absentee

Gardeners” column for “The Blowing Rocket”

with Lise Jenkins.

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Controlling Japanese Beetles

When summer

arrives in the

Triangle area, so

do the Japanese

beetles. While

we (hopefully) are ready to battle

the heat and humidity July and

August bring, we’re never prepared

for the Japanese beetle, or at least

I’m not!

It didn’t use to be this way.

The first detected Japanese beetle

was found in the U.S. in 1916 in a

nursery near Riverton, New Jersey.

Today this beetle can be found in at

least 30 states, and just two years

ago, it showed up in Canada.

While so many people come and

stay in the Triangle because of our

(mostly) favorable climate, so does

the Japanese beetle. Also, because

of the availability of a wide variety

of host plants and the lack of natural

enemies to this beetle from Japan,

they thrive here. Although the

European starling is the best-known

beetle-eater, we certainly don’t want

any more of those either.

The Japanese beetle, Popillia

japonica, is a widespread and

destructive pest of grass, landscape,

and ornamental plants, such as

roses, crabapple, apple, Japanese

maple, crape myrtle, and pin oak,

plus cherry, plum, and peach trees.

Adults emerge from the ground

and begin feeding on plants in June.

Activity is most intense over the

four to six weeks beginning in late

June, after which the beetles gradually

die off. Individual beetles live

about 30 to 45 days.

Japanese beetles feed on about

300 species of plants, devouring

leaves, flowers, and overripe or

wounded fruit. They usually feed in

groups, starting at the top of a plant,

working downward. The beetles are

most active on warm, sunny days, in

direct sunlight. A single beetle does

not eat much; it is group feeding by

many beetles that results in severe

damage.

Lifecycle

The adults are generally metallic

green, with bronze or copperybrown

wing covers leaving part

of the abdomen to show. The five

patches of white hairs on each side

of the abdomen, and one pair on the

last abdominal segment distinguish

Popillia japonica from all other

similar looking beetles.

This description—metallic

green, coppery-brown wings with

a bit of the abdomen showing—

is reminiscent of the vintage

Coppertone suntan ad with a puppy

pulling down the bathing suit pants

of a surprised browned toddler at the

beach. Not so!

Egg-laying begins after the adult

beetles emerge from the ground and

mate, then females leave the plants

in the afternoon, burrow two to three

inches into the soil, and lay their

eggs. Each female can lay a total of

40 to 60 eggs during her lifetime.

For the next ten months, the

developing beetle lives in the soil

as a white larva, or better known

as a grub. I’m sure you’ve seen the

grubs. White, C-shaped caterpillars

are visible in my garden anytime I

sink a shovel.

Pupation takes place within an

earthen cell formed by the last larval

instar. Its color ranges from pale

cream to metallic green depending

upon the age.

How to Control These

Control efforts need to address

both adult and larval populations

through an approach that integrates

the following methods:

Make it your morning and late

evening ritual to hand pick Japanese

beetles from your plants if you can

reach them. During these hours,

the beetles are less alert and slow.

They can be squeezed to death (very

satisfying, indeed) or dropped into

soapy water.

This next approach is for those

with patience, which is hard to

have when it comes to this destructive

pest. You won’t get immediate

gratification as from above, but

perhaps you’ll be better off next

year. Adding beneficial nematodes

to your ground areas kills immature

stages. These microscopic,

worm-like parasites actively hunt,

penetrate, and destroys grubs in

the soil. Apply in spring before the

beetles emerge. You will have even

better results with a 1-2 punch by

also adding Milky Spore, Bacillus

popilliae, a naturally occurring hostspecific

bacterium that attacks the

destructive white grubs in turf. Even

if you use Milky Spore and beneficial

nematodes, you can still have

Japanese beetles. Nothing is fullproof;

if it were, Japanese beetles

wouldn’t be a problem.

There are natural insecticides,

but remember even beneficial insecticides

will kill more than just the

pest.

Commercially available

Japanese beetle traps can be useful

but have been proven to lure more

beetles and result in more substantial

damage.

For your roses, there is a practice

called “keep them in the green.”

Cut your colorful roses and bring inside

during Japanese beetle season.

Sorry, this is still not full proof, but

your house will look fantastic.

This year, enjoy your summer

and make controlling Japanese

beetles a hobby, not a vendetta.

Bathing suit optional.

Helen Yoest is the executive

director of Bee Better, an

area non-profit 501(C)(3)

designing and educating

area homeowners about

building better backyards

for birds, bees, and

butterflies.

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Plant Focus: Gorgeous Gingers

Tea Harvesting

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Workshops

Few plants can bring a

taste of the tropics to

temperate gardens quite

like ginger lilies or

Hedychium. While they

are neither true lilies (Lilium) or gingers

(Zingiber), they are outstanding

garden plants in the warm south

Hailing mostly from Southeast

Asia, the genus is comprised of

around 80 different species, although

plant breeding over the past

30 years has led to many hundreds

of selections.

The scientific name translates

roughly to “sweet snow” a reference

to the delightfully fragrant flowers

of the white butterfly ginger, H.

coronarium, an ubiquitous passalong

plant throughout the south.

Ginger lilies are prized here for

their blooms in summer into early

fall when many other plants have

succumbed to the high temperatures

and have stopped flowering,

While some ginger lilies from

more tropical regions will not survive

a central North Carolina winter,

there are many species and selections

that thrive here.

They are quite distinct in the

landscape where the upright stems,

or to be botanically correct pseudostems,

arise from thickened roots

called rhizomes. Strappy leaves

cloak the entire length of the pseudostems

and many a new gardener

has asked why would you grow corn

in the garden. There is little chance

of confusing a Hedychium with corn

once it begins flowering in summer

or early fall. Terminal, pine cone

flower spikes open to reveal fragrant

flowers, at least in most species, in

shades of red, pink, orange, yellow,

and white.

How to Grow

Ginger lilies are easy to grow,

appreciating rich, moist, and welldraining

soil. They will tolerate drier

conditions but flowering is reduced

and plants often have a yellow tinge

to the foliage in sunny, dry spots.

With adequate moisture, ginger

lilies will be fine in full sun, but are

often at their best when they have

some protection during the hottest

and driest part of the day. As an

added bonus, they are quite deer and

vole resistant, and can be a great addition

along the edge of a woodland.

Most of the hardy forms of

Hedychium are wonderful garden

denizens with a dramatic presence

and very showy flowers.

The underground rhizomes can

spread to form sizeable patches,

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which can be allowed to continue to

spread or dug, divided, replanted,

and shared with friends.

Because of this growth, growing

these in containers isn’t advisable.

They can quickly overwhelm the

pot, sometime even splitting all but

the most sturdy ones.

Division is best in spring after

the new growth has started through

‘Pink Princess’

mid-summer. Make sure to leave

several of the pointed buds at the

end of the rhizomes to ensure a

quick and successful recovery.

Types of Ginger Lilies

There are quite a few ginger lilies

available, especially from mailorder

nurseries. Their quick growth

and large root systems mean they

can rapidly outgrow a nursery container,

and so are sometimes hard to

maintain in a traditional nursery or

garden center.

Most people are first introduced

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TRIANGLE GARDENER JULY – AUGUST 2019


‘White Starburst’ ‘Stephen’ ‘ Dr. Moy’

to the genus when a gardening

friend passes on a division of the

gloriously fragrant white butterfly

ginger lily, H. coronarium.

A favorite at the JC Raulston

Arboretum is a hybrid with the

butterfly ginger lily called ‘White

Starburst’ whose stems grow to

6-feet tall and are topped starting in

September by white flowers with a

soft, yellow throat.

Other great hardy ginger lilies include

the 5-feet tall ‘Pink Princess’

with fragrant pink flowers.

‘Stephen’, a dwarf form of H.

densiflorum grows only to about

4-feet tall with very narrow leaves

and tight spikes of orange-yellow

flowers beginning in July.

We grow a few gingers as much

for their foliage as for the flowers.

‘Dr. Moy’, named for a ginger-lily

breeder, has foliage flecked with

white, especially early in the season.

Late summer brings on luscious

flower heads of soft peach.

A species we like with gorgeous

foliage is H. greenei. This species is

not always the most hardy, but some

selections are fine in central North

Carolina.

Greene’s ginger lily has large

green leaves with red backs for a

dramatic display. It would be worth

growing even if it didn’t have bright

orange-red flowers. An unusual feature

of this plant is that it will form

plantlets at the base of its leaves,

which can be removed and potted up

to share or keep inside as insurance

over the winter.

Photos courtesy of the JC Raulston

Arboretum.

Mark Weathington is

the director of the JC

Raulston Arboretum at

NC State University in

Raleigh.

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How to Exploit a Microclimate in Your Garden

Gardening is like real

estate – Location,

Location, Location.

It’s also like business

– if at first you

don’t succeed, try, and try again.

Gardening is about following rules

as well as breaking them, about

learning from experts and exercising

self-expression. Finally, gardening

is about microclimates and how they

can assist you in all of the above.

Know Your Zone

When choosing plants, it is

important to know your zones.

USDA hardiness zones are based on

the average annual minimum winter

temperature and tell us which plants

are most likely to survive and thrive

a winter in our location. There are

26 hardiness zones (from 1a to 13b),

which shift at five degree increments.

The Triangle is in USDA hardiness

zone 7b, which is based on an

average extreme minimum temperature

of 5 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit.

There are also heat zone

maps put out by the American

Contact Us For

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206 Crestleigh StreetRolesville, NC

Ferns near the air conditioning drip line / Cynthia Sollod

Don’t have a low wet area? Try

planting near a downspout, or better

yet, your air conditioning drip line.

Horticulture Society (AHS) that estimate

heat tolerance of plants. Heat

zones count the number of “heat”

days with temperatures above 86 degrees

Fahrenheit. There are 12 heat

zone ranges from 1, with zero heat

days, to 12, with 210 or more heat

days. We reside in zone 7, which has

61 to 90 heat days. The zones provide

a rough picture of our current

climate, however, it may shift in the

future due to climate change.

Some ornamental plant labels

include information on both rating

systems and show the ranges

for heat tolerance as well as winter

hardiness. This information can be

helpful in plant selection.

For example, Hydrangea paniculata

can tolerate winter in zones

3 through 8, and is heat tolerant to

AHS zones 1-9, whereas H. quercifolia

has slightly different requirements

tolerating USDA zones 5-9

and AHS zones 3-9.

Using a Microclimate

The zones are a starting point,

as microclimates also play a role.

Microclimates are areas that have

atmospheric conditions that differ

slightly from the surrounding areas.

Microclimates can be small (a few

square feet) or large (several square

miles).

Factors that affect microclimates

include both natural features

like bodies of water and topography

and man-made features such as

areas of pavement and buildings.

Factors that define a microclimate

include temperature, moisture, soil

conditions, elevation, and ground

level winds.

You can take advantage of microclimates

in your yard to increase

the gardening potential of your

landscape. For example, you can

use structures and protected areas in

your yard such as the south side of

your home, to extend the growing

season of frost tender plants perhaps

even pushing the zone classification

to an 8a, allowing you to plant

something that might not otherwise

survive. The bricks from your home

absorb the warmth of the sun later

releasing it into the evening, thus

raising air temperature. They also

protect plants from wind.

Other structures that can absorb

and reflect heat include fences,

sheds, a notch near a chimney, or

even a large driveway. Another trick

is to use dark mulch in the winter

to absorb some solar heat. Tall

structures and even other plants can

act as wind breaks to protect more

tender plants.

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TRIANGLE GARDENER JULY – AUGUST 2019


Astilbe by the downspout / Cynthia Sollod

Echinacea receives heat from the brick wall / Beverly Hurley

You can also use a microclimate

to cool things off. Some sun loving

plants may want a break from

intense Southern heat. In this case,

a structure can cool the surrounding

air by providing shade. Growing

plants on the east side of your house

will provide a shadier and cooler

afternoon microclimate.

Using other plants can also create

a microclimate. Sun loving early

spring bloomers typically like a little

afternoon shade once temperatures

start to climb. Plant them strategically

where other plants can provide

late day shade as needed. Save the

full sunny spots for plants that can

take the afternoon heat.

Water availability throughout

your yard also creates microclimates.

Low areas tend to stay

wetter, as do areas that have heavy

clay. Use these areas for plants that

tolerate or enjoy wet feet – think

ferns, astilbe, water iris, and lily-of

the valley, among others.

Don’t have a low wet area? Try

planting near a downspout, or better

yet, your air conditioning drip line.

This is a great spot for summer-long

moisture, even during droughts.

Experimenting with microclimates

is a great way to exploit

variation in locations, break the

rules about what may grow in our

zone, try and try again new plants,

and most of all express your own

gardening vision.

Cynthia Sollod has

always loved plants,

hence a B.S. in botany

and a PhD in Plant

Pathology. She has

volunteered with the

Wake County Master

Gardener program

since 1995. She enjoys

painting, illustrating plants and writing about

gardening.

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Succulent Mix

Propagating succulents

Sizzling Succulents

Wall hanging

Crassula

Succulents are all the rage

these days and for good

reason: they are beautiful

and easy to grow. Ranging

in many different

colors and forms, succulent plants

are an ideal addition to warm season

designs and require very little maintenance

through the growing season.

To get started lets identify a few

distinguishing factors about succulents.

First, I am not talking about

Cacti. Personally I do not like to get

injured by the plants in my garden.

After a short indulgence of growing

Agave and Opuntia, I have totally

sworn off those hardy beasts. I will

not be writing about plants that have

spikes because I want to save you

from a potential trip to the doctor.

Succulent Basics

Succulents are a group of plants

that store water in their leaves.

There are many different genus and

species that fit into the succulent

category, including common varieties

of Sedum, Echeveria and Graptopetalum.

They all prefer to grow

in full sun- or at least more sun than

shade, and appreciate well drained

soil. Though they will tolerate dry

conditions, they actually prefer to be

watered through the heat of the summer,

which will allow them to grow

robustly and flourish.

Pro Tip: I water my succulent

pots every other day.

Unlike many other summer

plants, succulents have low fertilizer

needs. No need to water with

the blue stuff, as they prefer to grow

in neutral soil without a lot of additional

nitrogen, phosphorus and

potassium.

Pro Tip: I usually fertilize with

fish emulsion once a month from

May through September.

Many succulent species are

hardy in central North Carolina

zones 7-8 (depending on the winter)

and can be grown in the ground as

perennials. They will do best if you

amend your clay soils with loose

organic matter. The addition of

course soil amendment like Permatill

is also recommended as that will

increase drainage and store heat.

With hundreds, if not thousands,

of selections to choose from you can

be creative in weaving hardy succulents

throughout your landscape.

There are a few that truly rise above

in their performance for our region

providing seasonal color, texture

and low maintenance needs.

Types of Succulents

Most of my favorite succulent

varieties are not winter hardy here in

our area of the Triangle. Considered

a tropical plant, Crassula, Echeveria

and so many others are well worth

growing as an annual in your summer

displays. In fact, I depend on

these succulents to fill my hard to

water window boxes and containers.

Their lush foliage and brightly

colored flowers add dynamic design

appeal with no fuss.

Since tender varieties are frost

sensitive they are best planted

outside in our region between April-

November. They can be overwintered

by bringing them into your

house or stashed in a well lit garage

or shed that stays above freezing.

The key to successful overwintering

is to not water them—no matter

how dry they may get. That can be

difficult when you have them placed

decoratively around your house,

which is why I opt to keep mine in

a heated shed. I store them out of

reach, which results in my leaving

them alone.

If you decide not to over winter

them, have no fear. Many garden

centers, greenhouses and online

nurseries sell an amazing selection

of succulents for you to grow.

Using Succulents

When planting succulents, the

sky is the limit for creativity. Of

course, you can plant them in the

ground, but I prefer to grow mine

10

TRIANGLE GARDENER JULY – AUGUST 2019


Succulents in a table

Succulents in hypertufa

in unique containers so they can

really show off. Drainage and light

exposure are the two most important

aspects of successful growing. Be

sure to place your vessel in bright

exposure and make sure there are

ample drainage holes. Succulents

will not tolerate bog conditions.

I have seen succulents grown in

the holes of bricks placed to line a

walkway and even in the rise of a

staircase. They are well suited for

vertical growing and make a huge

statement planted in a wreath, a

living picture frame or an address

marker.

Creative Ideas

We even have a succulent table,

which my husband David built after

visiting the amazing Flora Grubb

Gardens in San Francisco. This

bar height table has a 4-inch deep

trough built into the middle which

gets planted with tender succulents

through the summer. He drilled a

lot of holes to ensure good drainage,

and I plant using a traditional

potting soil mixed with Permatill. I

like to top dress with tumbled glass

to add extra sparkle. In the winter I

simply remove the succulents and

replace with leaf lettuce which looks

pretty and supplies salad greens

through the cool season.

Perfect for Window Boxes

Window boxes are my favorite

place to grow succulents in. If you

have a window box, likely you have

experienced how quickly they dry

out. They aren’t very large, so they

don’t have much soil volume to

retain moisture, and usually they are

sited under the eave of your roof,

so you can’t even count on rain to

supplement your irrigation practice.

After a few years of struggling to

keep traditional annuals alive in my

window boxes, I turned to mixed

succulents to provide a solution

Four years ago I planted the box

that hangs in front of my bedroom

window. I see it everyday from the

inside and was so discouraged by all

the wilting plants. Then I decided to

fill it with a wide variety of tender

succulents, including Echeveria,

Graptopetalum and Kalanchoe. It

instantly looked great and to my

relief required no effort all summer.

When the threat of frost came I took

the box into the shed and that was it.

Fast forward to 2019 and that

same window box planted in 2015

still looks amazing. Each spring I

bring it outside and clean up any

dead leaves, top dress it with some

fresh soil and water it well. Then it

gets hung back in place and does its

job without any assistance from me.

If you are looking for a high

impact, low maintenance approach

to gardening, succulents are the answer.

Indulge today and discover the

joy that succulents will bring you.

Photos courtesy of Brie Arthur.

Brie Arthur is an author,

horticulturist and

international speaker

living in Fuquay-Varina,

NC. She has been

dubbed a revolutionary

for her leadership in

the suburban foodscape

movement. For more

information, visit BrieGrows.com or email Brie@

BrieGrows.com.

BRIE’S FAVORITE SUCCULENTS

HARDY SUCCULENTS

1. Delosperma ‘Fire Spinner’

2. Orostachys aggregatum

3. Orostachys iwarenge

4. Sedum rupestre ‘Angelina’

5. Sedum tetractinum

Delosperma

TENDER SUCCULENTS

1. Aptenia cordifolia

2. Any variety of Echeveria

3. Any variety of

Graptopetalum

4. Graptosedum ‘California

Sunset’

5. Graptoveria ‘Fred Ives’

6. Kalanchoe thyrsifolia

7. Sedeveria ‘Jet Beads’

8. Sedum nussbaumerianum

9. Sedum pachyphytum

10. Senecio serpens

WWW.TRIANGLEGARDENER.COM 11


Have you seen

spotted lanternfly?

Spotted lanternfly (SLF) is an invasive planthopper native to China that was first detected in the

United States in Pennsylvania in 2014. SLF feeds on over 70+ plant species including fruit,

ornamental and woody trees with tree-of-heaven as its preferred host. This pest is a threat to

multi-billion dollar industries including grapes and hops and even tourism. Considered a

homeowner nuisance, SLF can cause large amounts of sooty mold to grow on people’s homes

as well as attract stinging insects due to their production of honeydew. Spotted lanternfly is a

hitchhiker and can easily be moved long distances through human assisted movement.

Spotted lanternfly has not yet been found in North Carolina but we need you to be on the lookout.

Spotted Lanternfly Life Stages

Actual Size: ~1” Actual Size: ¼” Actual Size: ½” Actual Size: ~1”

SLF photos by Lawrence Barringer, PDA

Egg Mass Early Nymph Late Nymph Adult

Photo by Catherine Herms, Ohio State University

Photo courtesy of USDA Flickr

Tree of Heaven

How to Look for Hitchhiking SLF

If you think you have seen Spotted Lanternfly please contact the North Carolina

Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services at:

badbug@ncagr.gov 1-800-206-9333

Please visit https://www.ncagr.gov/SLF for more information

Steve Troxler, Commissioner of Agriculture

12

TRIANGLE GARDENER JULY – AUGUST 2019


Letting Go, Just a Bit, of My Garden

I

admit, there are moments

when I think my garden

might be better off if I

stepped back. More precisely,

there are moments when I

think I might be better off if I just

relaxed a bit; I suspect the thought

has occurred, at least once, to you.

What would happen to our gardens

or on a larger scale, farmland,

if we just stopped tending to it?

Dairy farmer Charlie Burrell did just

that when he and his wife Isabella

Tree “took our hands off the steering

wheel”. The book, Wilding, is

the resulting story of their farm, the

Knepp estate in England. This story

has many parallels for my garden.

A family farm, Knepp estate resides

on heavy clay soil; England’s

wet climate keeps the land water

logged and less productive. As commodity

farmers, the Burrells raced

to balance governmental subsidies

with mounting debt. They experimented

with diversifying crops and

tourism-oriented farm offerings, but

ultimately they auctioned off their

livestock and equipment in 2000.

What happens next is a nearly

two-decade experiment that made

their family farm a “focal point for

today’s most pressing problems:

climate change, soil restoration,

food quality and security, crop pollination,

carbon sequestration, water

resources and purification, flood

mitigation, and welfare and human

health.” Under author Isabella Tree’s

deft touch this list doesn’t feel

heavy. Quite the opposite, she takes

her readers by the hand and leads us

along their journey through a very

different type of restoration project.

In Britain, and in this country,

conservation projects often seek

to preserve ecosystems in order to

rebuild the numbers of a specific

imperiled species. “Preservation”

translates into trying to lock down

a landscape and prevent change. At

Knepp, Charlie and Isabella embraced

change by introducing large

grazing animals who had vanished

from their region hundreds of years

ago; these animals modified their

environment in unexpected ways.

The cattle, horses and hogs they

introduced mowed down invasive

plants and continually disrupted

Am I being irresponsible if I step

back and let nature run its course?

the soil, thereby setting off chain

reactions benefiting invertebrates,

fish, birds and large mammals. She

introduces us to “Sweet Face” and

“Big Mama,” Tamworth pigs who,

by digging up clods of mud, allow

ant colonies to expand.

These colonies draw in bird

species that haven’t been seen in

the region in decades. Such is the

complex web of life that connects

pigs to ants to birds.

Having animals on the land who

are not treated with chemical dewormers

means their manure is not

toxic to the dung beetles who tunnel

through it carrying organic matter

deep into the soil. The little beetles

improved their soil where human

activity had only degraded it.

While I won’t introduce anything

larger than my dog into my

garden, Wilding reveals basic questions

about land management that

apply to everyone who controls a

patch of land regardless its size. Am

I being irresponsible if I step back

and let nature run its course?

The lessons are worth a ponder

as I watch my garden unfold this

season and think about next year.

Maybe it’s time for me to relax and

see what Mother Nature has in mind

for my little patch of heaven.

Lise Jenkins, a newspaper

columnist, volunteers

her time as a Durham

County Extension Master

Gardener. You can find

her on Instagram

@AbsenteeGardener

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WWW.TRIANGLEGARDENER.COM 13


NEWS FOR THE GARDEN

New Grant to Transform Sarah P. Duke Gardens

A $5 million grant will expand and enrich the visitor experience

at the 55-acre Sarah P. Duke Gardens on Duke University’s campus.

The grant from The Duke Endowment, a private foundation

based in Charlotte, will support the Garden Gateway Project, a

fundraising campaign to create enhanced facilities and spaces at

Duke Gardens.

“Just as the investment by Sarah P. Duke in the gardens in the last

century allowed it to become a central part of Duke University’s

campus for nearly 100 years, The Duke Endowment’s grant will

help carry Duke Gardens through the 21st century as a worldclass

botanical garden and partner with our academic enterprise,”

Duke University president Vincent E. Price said. “We are so grateful

for this generous gift.”

The Duke Endowment award brings the total funds raised to date

to $16 million toward the Garden Gateway Project’s goal of $30

million. The project will revitalize the gardens’ historic front entrance

and fund new and improved facilities and classrooms that

will further curricular and programmatic connections between

the university and the gardens.

The plan also calls for a new performance lawn and expanded indoor

event hall. The project also calls for a new café, seating area

and expanded gift shop.

“Duke Gardens is in a distinctive position to cultivate a multitude

of benefits into one setting accessible to both Duke campus

and to the vibrant Durham community that surrounds us,” said

William M. LeFevre, executive director of Duke Gardens. “This

gift from The Duke Endowment will support the gardens’ growing

need to provide a better physical connection within our community

and deliver a deeper educational, interactive and programmatic

experience to our visitors.”

The Gardens Gateway project is expected to be completed

within four years.

GREAT GEAR

Experts at the North Carolina Botanical

Garden have teamed together to write

Wildflowers of the Atlantic Southeast,

an authoritative trail-side reference for

hikers, naturalists, gardeners, and anyone

wishing to learn more about the Southeast’s

diverse flora. This comprehensive guide describes

and illustrates more than 1,200 species,

including perennials and annuals, both

native and naturalized non-native. More than

1,300 color photographs, 1,200 range maps,

and a user-friendly organization using color

and other observable traits make identification

easy. Timberpress.com.

A Nation in Bloom explores the

past, present and future of the Royal

Horticultural Society in England, the

world’s largest gardening charity. From

defining new gardening trends at the

Chelsea Flower Show to ranking the

best dahlias to grow at the Wisley trial

grounds, the RHS has set the standard

for gardens around the world. With

the use of archive images and contemporary

photos, this book explores this

most influential organization by listening

to the voices of those working today.

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acid antioxidant sea water, natural emollients, and other key ingredients to

help improve the appearance of the skin’s texture and soften fine lines and

wrinkles. Free of parabens, mineral oil, animal by-products and other chemicals.

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TRIANGLE GARDENER JULY – AUGUST 2019

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BOOK REVIEW

A Different Kind Of Garden

By the summer months

of July and August,

all planting in my

garden is done. What

is growing in my dry,

hot soil is what will survive or not

until cooler early autumn. To keep

my crops producing flowers and

vegetables, I wander during early

morning or late afternoon among

garden beds armed with a hoe and a

dripping hose.

In the heat of the day, I take part

in an accepted Southern activity. I

guzzle tea. Sitting in a shady spot

sipping that sweetened beverage

rehydrates and relaxes me as I read.

Recently, Growing Your Own

Tea Garden (Fox Chapel Publishing,

2019) by Jodi Helmer introduced

me to the art of using familiar plants

as ingredients to create tea blends.

After an introduction recounting

the history of tea, Helmer explains

how making caffeinated teas, such

as black, green or oolong, require a

camellia sinensis bush. This plant

must be at least three years old

before harvesting the buds or leaves

from its young stems. Then the type

of tea made depends on the maturity

of the leaves and on whether

steamed or oxidized before drying.

As Helmer describes the processes,

a drying screen and a kitchen oven

are the main equipment necessary.

Perhaps because of this tea

plant’s climate requirements, its past

presence in America has been limited.

Since 80 percent of Americans

drink tea, the last two decades have

seen its growth spread to farms in

15 states. The closest and the oldest

U.S. producer is the Charleston Tea

Plantation in South Carolina.

Use this book to guide you through

creating beverages from your garden.

Although I love caffeinated tea,

creating an easier herbal tea from

vegetation growing in my back yard

appeals to me. Fortunately, Helmer

presents 58 leaves, flowers, fruits,

and roots that can be used to create

an ingestible beverage. Rosemary,

sages, thyme, mints, bee balm, yarrow,

basil, roses, hibiscus, strawberries,

persimmons, and ginger

are some of the familiar plants that

furnish parts to brew.

Each plant recommended is

accompanied by necessary information.

The amounts of water, the

quantities of the ingredients, and

length of time to steep for a tasty

cup are clearly explained. Helmer

relates how to grow the plant, its

supposed health benefits, and warns

if other parts of the plant are unhealthy

to ingest. For those with

limited space, Helmer suggests garden

designs with plants for specific

needs, such as “hangover cure” or

“tummy troubles” tea gardens.

The book’s final pages contain

14 herbal blend recipes that encouraged

me to rush into my garden to

snip ingredients for a taste of fresh

herbal tea. After brewing rosemary

leaves as Helmer recommended, I

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enjoyed a subtly flavored hot tea.

Apple mint leaves soaked overnight

resulted in an iced tea as flavorful as

any from a commercial tea bag.

Use this book to guide you

through creating beverages from

your garden. Work your way

through the plants to enjoy the free

flavors of fresh summer teas.

Visit these vendors at the

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WWW.TRIANGLEGARDENER.COM 15


16

TRAVEL

Head to the Hills for a Visit to Hendersonville

When summer temperatures

soar,

many Triangle

residents look for

ways to escape

the heat and humidity here. Some go

east towards the ocean, while others

head to the Blue Ridge Mountain

area.

On a recent trip to the

mountains, I decided to try a

town I’ve never visited before –

Hendersonville. What a gem. It has

small-town charm and, yes, flora

and fauna to discover. If you have

never been there, Hendersonville

is located just 22 miles south of

Asheville and is nestled at an elevation

where the days are pleasant and

the evenings delightful.

I know many of the public

gardens across the state of North

Carolina, but the name Bullington

Gardens was a new one for me. Bob

Bullington, a former NYC policeman,

moved to Hendersonville after

retiring and opened an ornamental

plant nursery adjacent to his family’s

home in 1979. He had a passion

for new and unusual plants, many of

which survive in the gardens today.

When Bob died in 1989, his

property was given to the community

and became the Bullington

Horticultural Learning Center.

The local school district ran the

center, but without much vision.

Thankfully, over the next decade,

and with the arrival of the current

garden director John Murphy, the

vision became clear, and today the

12-acre garden offers hands-on education

to visitors and students alike.

While there are almost a

dozen themed gardens here, the

true beauty of Bulllington lies in

its mature and unusual trees and

shrubs. Scattered across the grounds

are stunning examples of Sargent’s

weeping hemlock, kousa dogwood,

big leaf magnolia, native azaleas,

and Japanese maples. It was the

Japanese maples that first caught

my attention, especially the several

large ‘Shishigashira’ Japanese

maples standing sentinel in several

spots on the property.

This variety plus many other

beautiful maple specimens are found

in and near Sally’s Garden, named

for Bob’s wife. A level gravel

path bisects the garden, where the

trees are underplanted with ferns,

heucheras and hostas in the shady

sections and blue stars, hydrangeas,

irises, and azaleas can be found

growing in the dappled sunlight.

And in bloom, the fringe tree

(Chionanthus virginicus) at the far

end is a stunning display.

Other sections include the native

woodland garden with a half-mile

nature trail that winds down the hillside

that is planted with many types

of ferns, and in spring trilliums,

lady slippers, azaleas, and mountain

laurels bloom. At the top of the hill

is a shade garden with plants that

thrive in dry soil. Close to the garden’s

entrance is a perennial garden

and a dahlia garden planted with

over 600 specimens that bloom in

fall. The garden hosts Dahlia Days

in September to showcase these

beauties. Venture into the woods

at the back of Bullington for the

fairy village, a favorite of children

who are captivated by the magical

structures and whimsy found here.

A don’t miss event is Fairy Days in

late June.

Bullington has developed a special

focus for adults and children in

the community who have physical,

emotional and development disabilities.

The large therapy garden

and greenhouse is their work space

where they use plant-based activities

to develop self-confidence and life

skills.

The gardens are open year

round, but check the website

(Bullingtongardens.org) for days

and hours as these change throughout

the season.

For a walk in the woods, travel

10 miles southwest of town for

Holmes Educational State Forest.

This north facing cove forest climbs

the hillside, where 100 species of

wildflowers bloom from March to

October. There are several trails

ranging from easy strolls to a

strenuous three mile hike uphill.

The Talking Tree trail is an easy,

self-guided tour; just push a button

Sally’s Garden at Bullington Gardens / John Murphy

at select stations to hear the story of

the tree in front of you. Entrance to

the forest and all programs is free.

(ncesf.org).

My next stop was a surprise.

The brochure showed Carl

Sandburg’s home and I thought,

this can’t be the Carl Sandburg –

the poet, biographer and Pulitzer

Prize-winning author. But it was.

Sandburg and his family moved to

the Blue Ridge Mountains in 1945,

where he continued to write and

produce his famous works until his

death in 1967. The house and the

grounds called Connemara are a

National Historic Site. The work of

his wife, Lillian, is another reason

to visit. She was a top breeder of

championship goats. The barn area

Carl Sandburg Home / Sam Dean

is a fun place to interact with the

goats still on the property, many of

which are related to Lillian’s original

herd. (nps.gov/carl).

The Vagabond School of

Drama, the apprentice program of

the Flat Rock Playhouse, holds performances

in an amphitheater near

the Sandburg home. These plays are

adaptations of Sandburg’s works

and are held from mid-June through

mid-August. Flat Rock Playhouse

is North Carolina’s official state

theatre where productions have been

presented since 1940. (flatrockplayhouse.org).

There are many dining and

overnight options in Hendersonville.

A favorite for both is the Highland

TRIANGLE GARDENER JULY – AUGUST 2019


Holmes State Forest /

Sam Dean

Waverly Inn / Sam Dean

Lake Inn. Over the years, the

property has been a boy’s school,

summer camp and a resort where

people of leisure could enjoy boating,

swimming, and fishing. Today,

Highland Lake Inn still offers these

resort amenities on the 26 acres surrounding

the 40-acre lake. Tucked

into the woods filled with rhododendrons,

azaleas and other native

fauna, are charming cottages, houses

and the historic lodge that offers

country charm in this get-away

environment. Whether you stay here

or not, dining at Season’s should be

on your list. Fresh, local ingredients

are used to create four-star dishes

served in this casually elegant restaurant.

(hliresort.com).

For in-town accommodations,

it must be the 1898 Waverly Inn on

Main Street. This lovely Victorianera

bed and breakfast is located just

one block from the city’s historic

district filled with shops and restaurants.

Each room is appointed with

comfy beds and luxury décor. The

large front porch and balcony above

are perfect for enjoying the complimentary

wine and beer served in

late afternoon and hot beverages and

home-baked goods each evening.

Live music is played on the porch

monthly in the warm weather. A full

breakfast is included each morning.

(waverlyinn.com).

Henderson County is the

number one apple producer in

North Carolina with over 125 apple

orchards here. With all of these

apples, a number of hard cider

companies have started production

in the area. Bold Rock Hard Cider

receives 60 tons of apples delivered

in semi trucks each day, which are

then crushed into some 14,000 liters

of hard cider. The leftover pumice

from the crush is put back into the

trucks, where it is used as fertilizer

at the orchard. You can view

the cider production from the large

windows behind the bar, where

glasses, growlers and flights of their

signature ciders are served. Outside

is a food truck and seating, along

with seating indoors. You can also

find Bold Rock in grocery stores in

the Triangle. (boldrock.com).

With all of the flora and fauna of

Hendersonville, it’s no wonder that

one of the country’s top nurseries

for Japanese maples is located in the

area. Mr. Maple was transformed

into a successful mail order nursery

by Matt and Tim Nichols after their

mom and dad grew Japanese maples

as a hobby that eventually became a

business. The front yard of the family

home is a stunning example of

how to landscape with these iconic

trees; they have over 300 specimens.

You can make an appointment to

visit and shop at Mr. Maple if you

are in the area. For those in the

Triangle, Matt and Tim will bring

your trees with them on their next

trip to our area. (Mrmaple.com).

It’s easy to see why

Hendersonville is an America in

Bloom participant and four-time

winner of this coveted title from

2014 to 2017. The town is commit-

Farmers Area

Seasonal Fruits and Vegetables,

Seasonal Trees, Shrubbery,

Flowers, Herbs, Honey and More!

Market Shoppes

NC All Meats, Natural Cheeses, NC Meats Fresh & Cheeses, Seafood,

Sauces,

NC Products,

Wines, Baked

Gift

Goods,

Baskets,

Fruits,

Baked Goods, Fruits and

Vegetables, Ice Cream, Candies,

Vegetables, Custom Framing,

Soaps,

Crafts,

Market

Soaps

Grill,

and

and

More

More!

Garden Jubilee / Craig Distl

Garden Jubilee transforms downtown Hendersonville into a

garden shopping destination on Memorial Day weekend. What

started as a small plant sale with some seminars in the parking lot

of the visitors center 26 years ago has become a two-day garden

extravaganza that fills several blocks of Main Street with plants,

garden décor, tents for seminars, demonstration and landscaped

gardens, arts and crafts, and food. Close to 200,000 people attend

the event each year.

ted to its flora and fauna. You can

find more information about the

town at visithendersonvillenc.org.

Beverly Hurley is the editor of Triangle Gardener

magazine and www.GardenDestinations.com.

When she is not gardening, she loves to travel.

Nahunta Pork

Center

Market Imports

State Farmers

Market Restaurant

NC Seafood

Restaurant

Super Sod

I-40, Exit 297

Lake Wheeler Rd.


www.statefarmersmarket.org

WWW.TRIANGLEGARDENER.COM 17


FOR THE BIRDS

Q. I found a bird that looks

sick or injured. What should

I do?

A. Most people’s initial reaction is

to help the bird, but you should exercise

extreme caution. State and federal

law protects wild birds and it is illegal

to possess them. If the animal is a bird

of prey, its talons can puncture skin

and muscle, even through clothing.

Great care is required when handling

raptors, which makes this task best

left to those licensed in wildlife rehabilitation.

Other bird species should

be approached with the same vigilance.

Herons and egrets possess long

pointed bills to snatch fish from water

and when confronted by a predator

they will strike toward the eyes of a

perceived enemy. They use their long

sharp bills as defensive weapons not

because they are mean animals, but

because they are scared and protecting

themselves. Remember that permits

are required to legally handle or keep

wild birds.

Q: I found a baby bird that

must have fallen out of the

nest. What should I do?

A. As a general rule avoid interfering

with nests or chicks. It is common

for chicks to venture from their nest.

During this fledging period, young

birds scramble around low branches

of shrubs and trees, and may end up

hopping on the ground calling for

their parents to feed them. The parents

still take care of the chick during this

time, so be patient and observe the

baby bird for a minute or two; you’ll

probably see the parents swoop down

to feed it. However, if a chick is

hopping around on the ground while

being stalked by a cat or dog, there

are actions you can take. Try to shoo

the animal away and “herd” the chick

off to some nearby shrubbery, where

it may find protection. It is a myth that

parent birds will abandon a chick if

they smell your scent on it. However,

if you do touch a chick, your scent

rubs off on it, making the chick more

easily detected by predators. You may

be tempted to place a chick back in

a nest, but this is not recommended.

The bird may have left the nest on

its own, or the parent birds may have

ejected it because it is time for it to

leave, or the chick may be sick and

pose a threat to its siblings.

Q: What can I build to help

birds on my property?

A. The easiest things to construct

are feeders and houses. Species have

specific requirements for the interior

size of the nest box and, most importantly,

the diameter of the entry hole.

Another project that can benefit birds

is to build brush piles for the winter

months, especially near your feeding

station if you have one. These piles

can protect birds from predators, give

them a sense of safety to approach

your feeders and provide shelter from

bad weather. You could also add water

features to your yard, as you can attract

just as many species with water

as you can with food or shelter.

Ben Graham is communications manager

for Audubon North Carolina. Audubon North

Carolina protects birds and the places they

need, today and tomorrow Learn more at

nc.audubon.org.

In the Garden

Flowers

• Fertilize container plants every

week to 10 days and keep these

watered, sometimes twice a day if in

full sun.

• Deadhead perennials and annuals

for continued blooming.

• Refresh your annuals with new

ones, cut back plants that are leggy

or struggling.

Fruits and Vegetables

• Check your vegetable garden daily

for water needs. Fertilize weekly, as

these plants are heavy feeders. Keep

watch for disease and insects.

• Watch for blossom end rot on tomatoes.

Provide plenty of water and

some fertilizer. Provide light shade

if blossom drop is a problem.

• Start planting the fall garden.

Turnip, broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower

can be direct seeded into the

garden in August.

• Harvest vegetables and fruits in the

morning, not during the heat of the

day. Place the harvest in a cool place

to prevention deterioration of taste.

• Donate some of your extra produce

to a local food bank.

Lawns

• Don’t fertilize your fescue lawn

until fall. Fertilizing now makes

fescue lawns more susceptible to

JulyAugust

disease problems. Bermudagrass

and Zoysiagrass may benefit from a

light application of fertilizer unless

you have done that recently.

• Keep mower blade sharp. Smooth

cuts cause less moisture loss of the

blades of grass. Mowing heights for

your lawn are important. Cut tall

fescue at 3 inches, making sure to

leave the clippings on the lawn to

return nutrients to the soil.

• If needed, water your lawn in early

morning to avoid evaporation in the

heat of the day.

• Manage your lawn watering needs

through the Turf Irrigation Water

Management Program at NC State.

The program calculates watering requirements

based on current weather

data. Details at turffiles.ncsu.edu.

Trees and Shrubs

• Stop pruning evergreens and

hedges in late August. New growth

from late pruning can be harmed in

winter.

• Fertilize shrubs in August and then

not until spring.

Insects

• Japanese beetles are here. You can

hand pick them off the plant or use

traps, if you clean these daily.

• The single most effective means of

reducing mosquito populations is to

eliminate standing water.

Planning Your Next Vacation?

Visit our website for ideas on public gardens

to include in your travel plans.

www.GardenDestinations.com

18

TRIANGLE GARDENER JULY – AUGUST 2019


GARDEN EVENTS

July

First Saturday Tour: Pond, Puddle, and

Pool

July 6, 10am-11am

Learn about the plants and animals that love to

have their feet wet in some of our standing water

aquatic habitats-the Salamander Pool, Turtle Pond,

and Water Gardens. Free. Preregistration required.

North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill.

ncbg.unc.edu.

Walk on the Wild Side

July 11, 11am-12noon

Explore wild North Carolina with Annabel

Renwick, Blomquist Garden of Native Plants curator,

in these seasonal walks through the Blomquist

Garden of Native Plants. Fee. Pre-register. Sarah

P. Duke Gardens, Durham. 919-668-1707 or gardenseducation@duke.edu.

gardens.duke.edu.

Preserving the Garden: Dried

Arrangements

July 11, 6pm

With Josh Williams, PJCBG Garden Manager. Fee,

bring your lunch. To register, email carlila1st@gmail.

com. Paul J. Ciener Botanical Garden, 215 S. Main

Street. Kernersville. cienerbotanicalgarden.org.

Flowers After Hours Tour + Workshop

July 13, 9:30am-11:30am

Enjoy the flowers of the day on a 45-minute

docent-led tour. We end the tour at our workshop

location with herbalist Hannah Popish to explore

herbs, herbal uses and their healing properties.

Learn to grow 3 herbs at home and make a tea

blend to take home. Fee. Pre-register. Sarah P. Duke

Gardens, Durham. 919-668-1707 or gardenseducation@duke.edu.

gardens.duke.edu.

Introduction to Growing Citrus in North

Carolina

July 13, 1pm-2:30pm

How would you like to harvest home grown

Clementines, kumquats, and even Meyer lemons in

winter inside your own home? Not to mention the

pleasure of fragrant flowers, leaves, and evergreens

to decorate for Christmas. Class includes a slideshow,

handout, and Q&A time with Frank Hyman.

Fee. Pre-register. JC Raulston Arboretum, NC State

University, Raleigh. 919-515-3132. jcra.ncsu.edu.

Nature Adventures Camp: Inventions

from Nature (grades 3-5)

July 15-19

Find plants and animals in the Gardens that have

inspired inventions, then tinker with contraptions

to devise your own innovations and create

art inspired by science. Please see the Nature

Adventures Camps page for more info. Fee. Preregister.

Sarah P. Duke Gardens, Durham. 919-668-

1707 or gardenseducation@duke.edu.

gardens.duke.edu.

Gardeners’ Fair

July 16, 6pm-8pm

Featuring area experts, garden suppliers, demonstrations

and lectures. Free admission. Sarah P.

Duke Gardens, Durham. durhamgardenforum@

gmail.com.

Front Yard Foraging: Delicious Weeds

and Edible Ornamentals

July 20, 10:30am-12noon

Turn your weeding chore into a feeding frenzy by

harvesting edible weeds like purslane, chickweed,

sorrel, dayflower, bedstraw and many others.

Horticulturist and foraging columnist Frank Hyman

will share a slideshow featuring delicious and nutritious

edibles that thrive in the garden. Fee. Durham.

Details at www.frankhyman.com.

Coker Arboretum Tour

July 20, 11am-12noon

Take a tour of this gem on the UNC campus with

Coker Arboretum curator Margo MacIntyre. We’ll

cover the unique history and composition of

this garden as we explore early summer flowers.

Free. Preregistration encouraged. North Carolina

Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill. ncbg.unc.edu.

Find more garden events at www.TriangleGardener.com

Not Tonight Deer: Keeping Those Long-

Legged Rats Out of Your Garden

July 20, 2:30pm-4pm

Horticulturist Frank Hyman includes an easy to

remember list of plant families that deer don’t like

(culinary herbs, medicinal herbs, ferns, etc.), plus

slides of cost-effective and attractive fences that

deter deer and a discussion about successful deer

repellants. Fee. Durham. Details at www.frankhyman.com.

Japanese Maple Grafting Workshop

July 27, 8:30am-12noon or 1pm-4:30pm

In this workshop, participants learn to graft

Japanese maples from two experts. Tim and Matt

Nichols will discuss and demonstrate grafting

techniques and then will individually assist each

participant as they graft their own plants. Each

participant will graft a minimum of five Japanese

maples. Fee. Pre-register. JC Raulston Arboretum,

NC State University, Raleigh. 919-515-3132.

jcra.ncsu.edu.

Hypertufa Trough and Concrete Leaf

Workshop

July 27

Make a hypertufa trough 9am-12noon. Concrete

leaf workshop 1pm-3pm. Fee. Pre-register. JC

Raulston Arboretum, NC State University, Raleigh.

919-515-3132. jcra.ncsu.edu.

Nature Adventures Camp: Artists in the

Gardens (6th-8th grade)

July 29-August 2

Use the garden for inspiration and as a source of

unusual materials as we explore habitats, uncover

wildlife and identify plants. Experiment with various

media, learn new techniques and collaborate to express

yourself. Please see the Nature Adventures

Camps page for more info. Fee. Pre-register. Sarah

P. Duke Gardens, Durham. 919-668-1707 or gardenseducation@duke.edu.

gardens.duke.edu.

August

Family Garden Walk: Aquatic Life

August 3, 9am-9:45am

Bring the whole family to explore the garden on

the first Saturday of each month (excluding July).

Discover new places in the Gardens as you learn

about the many things that live here, with a different

seasonal theme each month. Open to all ages.

Free drop-in activity, pre-registration suggested.

Sarah P. Duke Gardens, Durham. 919-668-1707 or

gardenseducation@duke.edu. gardens.duke.edu.

Walk on the Wild Side

August 7, 11am-12noon

Explore wild North Carolina with Annabel

Renwick, Blomquist Garden of Native Plants curator,

in these seasonal walks through the Blomquist

Garden of Native Plants. Fee. Pre-register. Sarah

P. Duke Gardens, Durham. 919-668-1707 or gardenseducation@duke.edu.

gardens.duke.edu.

Lunchbox Talk: Here There Be Dragons

August 8, 12noon-1pm

Dragonflies and damselflies are a common sight

along most bodies of water, a gorgeous sign of

summer in North Carolina. Join Chris Goforth

from the NC Museum of Natural Sciences to

learn which dragonflies travel in front of storms,

the crazy acrobatics required to reproduce, and

the fantastic way that dragonfly nymphs live up

to dragon in their name. Free. Preregistration

required. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel

Hill. ncbg.unc.edu.

Epiphytes: Life Out on a Limb

August 8, 6pm

With Josh Williams, PJCBG Garden Manager. Fee,

bring your lunch. To register, email carlila1st@gmail.

com. Paul J. Ciener Botanical Garden, 215 S. Main

Street. Kernersville. cienerbotanicalgarden.org.

Intro to Mushroom Foraging

August 10, 10am-12 noon

Professional forager Frank Hyman provides a

checklist to ID delicious mushrooms, such as

morels, chanterelles and others, most of which have

no poisonous lookalikes. Also covers how to cook

and preserve them. Fee. Durham. Details at www.

frankhyman.com.

The Camera in Your Pocket: Garden

Videography for the Novice

August 10, 10am-4pm

In this fun and hands-on workshop, you’ll join

Emmy award-winning videographer Simone Keith

as she teaches you simple and effective ways to

use your smartphone or tablet to create and share

professional-looking video content from your

garden and nature. Fee. Preregistration required.

North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill.

ncbg.unc.edu.

Seasonal Tree Identification

August 14, 5pm-8pm

Participants will learn to identify local trees based

on bark, limb, buds, branching pattern, leaves,

seeds, and habitat. This is an outdoor event, and

participants should dress for the weather. Fee.

Registration barcode is #237241. Walnut Creek

Wetland, Raleigh. raleighnc.gov.

Perennial Vegetables: Plant Once, Reap

Twice (or More)

August 17, 9am-10:30am

Perennial vegetables are not fruits. The part you

eat is the flower bud (artichoke), the spring shoot

(asparagus, Solomon seal), the fiddlehead (ostrich

fern), the leaf stalk (rhubarb, cardoon, lovage), the

leaf (lovage, Burbank spineless cactus) or the root

(sunchokes, ramps, giant Solomon seal, ground

nuts). Learn how these crops can be grown in the

Carolinas. Fee. Pre-register. JC Raulston Arboretum,

NC State University, Raleigh. 919-515-3132.

jcra.ncsu.edu.

Family Vermicomposting

August 17, 10am-11:30am

Learn all about how red wiggler worms can

recycle your leftover food into soil. One lucky

family will win a new worm bin (minus the worms).

Registration is per family and the program is most

Discover the possibilities and envision

your landscaped yard as you stroll

through the Backyard Getaways.

Created by Standard Construction

and Majestic Outdoors.

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appropriate for families with children elementary

aged or older. Registration barcode is #236854.

Walnut Creek Wetland, Raleigh. raleighnc.gov.

Cool-season Vegetables: Fewer Pests

and Less Work

August 17, 1pm–2:30pm

The conditions for gardening all improve after

Labor Day: the weather cools off, many weeds are

going dormant, most bugs and diseases have run

their course. Learn how to grow the greens, crucifers,

and root crops that thrive in the cool half of

the year. Fee. Pre-register. JC Raulston Arboretum,

NC State University, Raleigh. 919-515-3132.

jcra.ncsu.edu.

Conservation Gardening 101:

Landscaping with Native Plants Series

August 20, 27, September 3, 10, 17, 24, 6pm-9pm

A class designed to provide home gardeners and

emerging landscape professionals with foundational

concepts of landscape design, species selection,

implementation and maintenance of native plant

gardens based on conservation principles. Fee.

Preregistration required. North Carolina Botanical

Garden, Chapel Hill. ncbg.unc.edu.

Hypertufa Trough and Concrete Leaf

Workshop

August 24

Make a hypertufa trough 9am-12noon. Concrete

leaf workshop 1pm-3pm. Fee. Pre-register. To register

email amelia.lane@gmail.com.

Photography Walk - Visual Storytelling:

Capturing a Sense of Place with Your

Camera

August 29, 8:30am-10:30am

In this session you’ll learn some easy to implement

techniques to go beyond the snap shot to visually

“tell the story” of the experience of being in a

place. Fee. Pre-register. JC Raulston Arboretum, NC

State University, Raleigh. 919-515-3132.

jcra.ncsu.edu.

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