Police identify Lagos Airport intruder

as Nigerien

By Lawani Mikairu



M u h a m m e d

International Airport

(MMIA), Lagos Police

Command, has identified

the man who climbed an

Azman Air aircraft at the

airport on Friday as Usman

Adamu from neighbouring

Republic of Niger.

The spokesperson for the

Command, DSP Joseph

Alabi, disclosed the

identity of the 32-year-old

Nigerien to the News

Agency of Nigeria (NAN),

yesterday, in Lagos.

Alabi said the Nigerien,

who is currently being held

by the command, could not

speak or understand

English Language.

He, however said

investigation was still

ongoing to ascertain how

Adamu gained access to the

heavily restricted area at

the airport.

Passengers aboard a Port

Harcourt-bound Azman

Air flight were thrown into

panic on Friday after

Adamu climbed the aircraft

while it was about to take

off at the MMIA.

According to video clips

taken by one of the

passengers, Adamu was

seen entering the fuselage

of the aircraft with a hand

luggage and also climbing

one of its wings.

By Femi Bolaji, Jalingo

THE National Drug

Law Enforcement

Agency, NDLEA, has

destroyed 6963.755kg of

weeds and psychotropic

substances worth millions

of Naira in Taraba state.

The illicit drugs which

were burnt in the outskirts

of Jalingo, Taraba state

capital were seized by the

agency between January

2003 and December 2018.

They included

4413.566kg of Cannabis

Sativa and 2,550.189kg of

Diazepam, Rohypnol,

Cough syrups with codeine

and tramadol.

Chairman/ Chief

Executive Officer of

NDLEA, Mohammed

Mustapha, who spoke

before the symbolic

burning, said the agency’s

action which is being

He was later

apprehended by Aviation

Security Personnel of the

Federal Airports Authority

of Nigeria (FAAN) and

taken to its detention

facility, before the case was

transferred to the Police for

further investigation.

Following the

development, FAAN gave

an indefinite suspension to

the Aviation Security Unit

heads who were on duty

when the incident occurred.

FAAN’s General

Manager, Public Affairs,

Mrs. Henrietta Yakubu,

had in a statement, said the

agency viewed the breach

as a serious security


She said FAAN had

begun investigation to

ascertain the remote and

immediate causes of the

incident to forestall future


Yakubu said the

suspension of the personnel

was pending the

completion of investigation

into the security


The affected officers

include the Airport Chief of

Security, Mamman

Mohammed Sadiku, and

International Terminal

Security Office, Oni


Others are Head of

Department, Domestic

Terminal 2, Kenneth

NDLEA destroys seven tonnes

of illicit drugs in Taraba

supported by Taraba state

government will send a

strong signal to dealers and

consumers of illicit drugs

about NDLEA’s intolerance

to drug offenders.

He noted that the agency

has also gotten the Federal

Government’s nod to bridge

its manpower shortage with

additional 5000 personnel.

Governor Darius Ishaku

represented by his deputy,

Haruna Manu, said all

hands must be on deck to

rid the state of drug and

substance abuse.

While commending the

NDLEA for a job well done,

the deputy governor

explained that continious

clampdown on spread of

illicit drugs in the country

and in particular Taraba,

will disabuse the mind of

youths who engage in drug

and substance abuse.

IPMAN Prohibition Order: Ugwuanyi

raises committee



Executive Order

recently issued by Governor

Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi

prohibiting the activities of

the Independent Petroleum

Marketers Association of

Nigeria (IPMAN) in Enugu

State,the governor,

yesterday, approved the

constitution of a committee

on maintenance of public

order to ensure supply and

distribution of petroleum

products in the state during

the pendency of the Order.

A statement by the

Permanent Secretary

(General Administration),

Mrs. Josephine U. Onyia,

the committee comprises

representatives of the

Enugu State Command of

the Nigeria Police, SP Pius

Eziubochi Ugwuala, who

will serve as the Chairman;

Directorate of State

Services, Uche Oko;

Nigerian Security and Civil

Defence Corps, Collins

Akalawu; the Department

of Petroleum Resources,

Enugu Zonal Office, Alhaji

Gwaram L. Ahmed; the

Nigerian Bar Association

(NBA) and the Permanent

Secretary, Inter-Ministerial

and Sustainable

Development Goals (SDGs)

Enugu State, Mrs. Mabel


The committee

according to a statement

will be inaugurated


Okezie and Head of

Department, Domestic

Terminal 1, Adebowale


Yakubu disclosed that in

the interim, a General

Manager, Dr. Anne

Enyinnaya-Egbadon, had

been detailed to take

charge of security at the


She explained that other

affected officers had also

been replaced.

She said the current

arrangement was aimed at

ensuring an efficient and

thorough investigation

toward the recovery and

sustenance of the airport’s

proactive security integrity.

By Perez Brisibe



emerged on how a

trader at the Ughelli Main

Market, Delta State

allegedly stabbed her

colleague and mother of her

son’s girlfriend to death

during a confrontation over

the relationship between

their children.

The victim, Loveth

Okagbare, was confirmed

dead at the Ughelli Central

Hospital, where she was

rushed to for medical

attention from wounds she

sustained during a fight with

her assailant identified as

Vivian Salamu.

Eyewitnesses said trouble

started following the position

of both women over the love

affair of their children, which

the suspect abhorred, hence,

forbade her son, Precious,

from further seeing the

daughter of the victim, Oke


Sunday Vanguard

gathered that unknown to his

mother, Precious was still

interested in the relationship

and employed all avenues to

continue seeing his girlfriend

in secrecy while lying to his

mother that he has severed

all ties with Oke, who was

already pregnant.

However, Precious further

lied to his mother that it was

Oke that was hell-bent on

wanting to continue with the

relationship and had already

employed the services of

•Ekiti State Governor, Dr Kayode Fayemi with Managing Director/CEO Wema Bank

Plc, Mr Ademola Adebise, during a meeting with the Bank’s management in Ado-Ekiti.

How woman was stabbed to death by

mother of son’s girlfriend

some cultists in a bid to coax

him into continuing with the


Speaking the incident, a

source at the Ughelli Police

Area Command told

Sunday Vanguard that the

suspect had accosted her son’s

girlfriend after he was said to

have informed her that she is

on the hunt for him with

cultists. The source, who

spoke on condition of

anonymity, said: “According

to Oke in her statement, she

claimed that the suspect

armed with a knife, accosted

her at the Ughelli Market

area and accused her of

trailing her son with boys.

“During the altercation

while trying to walk away

according to her, her mother,

OGUN Command of the

Federal Road Safety

Commission, FRSC,

yesterday, said that one

person died and another

injured in an accident that

involved two vehicles and a

motorcycle at Jujo Area, along

Lagos-Abeokuta Expressway.

The Ogun Sector

Commandant of the FRSC,

Mr. Clement Oladele, told

the News Agency of Nigeria

(NAN) in Ota, that the

accident happened at about

12.45 p.m.

Oladele said that a Mack

truck marked, SMK 311 XE,

loaded with Premium Motor

Loveth who was within the

vicinity, grabbed the suspect,

Vivian and both women fell

to the ground in a free-for-all

and during the process, the

suspect slashed the hand of

the victim leading to the cut

of one of her arteries resulting

to her bleeding to death.”

Speaking further, the

source said: “The victim was

able to free herself and was

trying to escape the attack

when she allegedly ran headon

into a stationed

commercial bus, slumped

and was confirmed dead at

the Ughelli Central Hospital

where she was rushed to for

medical attention.”

Findings by Sunday

Vanguard revealed that

immediately she got wind

that the victim had died, the

suspect immediately fled and

went into hiding until she was

arrested a month after the


Efforts to speak with the

elder brother of the victim,

Henry Frank, who is the

complainant in the case,

proved abortive as he

declined commenting on the

matter when contacted.

Confirming her arrest,

Delta State Police Public

Relations Office, PPRO,

Onome Onovwakpoyeya,

said: “Yes, the suspect was

arrested and brought to

Asaba, for now, the matter is

being investigated by the

State Criminal Investigation

and Intelligence

Department, SCIID.”

OGUN: Petrol tanker kills one, injures 8

Spirit (PMS) and heading to

Lagos, lost control due to a

brake failure.

According to him, the truck

rammed into a Highlander

Jeep marked KRD 18 EZ, and

a motorcycle.

The sector commandant

said that nine persons were

involved in the accident in

which one person died,

another one sustained serious

injury while others had minor


The commandant said that

his men were having

challenges with retrieving

the corpse from underneath

the tanker due to the

Nigerians abroad to participate in contributory

pension scheme via tech —PenCom MD

By Peter Egwuatu

THE National Pension

Commission (PenCom)

has introduced Enhanced

Contributor Registration

System (ECRS) to enable

Nigerians based abroad to

participate in Contributory

Pension Scheme (CPS).

It said the ECRS would

deepen contributors’

confidence in the industry.

The technology (ECRS) will

also help to solve the

challenges faced with the

existing Contributor

Registration System (CRS).

Aside helping to lift

contributors’ confidence in the

industry and bringing more

people into the financial

system, the enhanced

application is expected to

open up transfer window for

Retirement Savings Account

(RSA) holders to switch

Pension Fund Administrators

(PFAs). In this brave new

world, technology is seen as

the way to go. It is embraced

daily by institutions that think

and act ahead.

The Acting Managing

Director, National Pension

Commission, NPC, Mrs.

Aisha Dahir-Umar in a chat

with Sunday Vanguard

revealed that one of the biggest

challenges confronting

Nigeria’s pension industry is

cleaning up existing data of

contributors and pensioners

under the CPS.

Thus, to fix this challenge,

she said: “It became a priority

for PenCom to transit from the

use of the precursor

application, the CRS, to a

more robust ECRS to enable

the Commission to entrench

efficiency, transparency, and

confidence in its operations.”

PenCom boss explained that

the ECRS was designed,

developed and deployed to

provide a more dynamic and

friendly user interface.

She said: “Electronic

submission of employer code

requests by Pension Fund

Administrators (PFAs) on

employers and the full

automation of the process of

issuing employer codes. It

updates and edits contributors’

information on the National

Databank maintained by the

National Pension

Commission by the PFAs. The

deployment of the ECRS is a

major step towards the

introduction of the transfer

window, which will enable

contributors to change to the

PFAs of their choice, in line

with Section 13 of the Pension

Reform Act (PRA) 2014.’’

possibility of a fire outbreak.

He said that the men from

the fire service had been

contacted to be on standby

saying that transloading of

the PMS would start as soon

as they arrived.

Okorodudu for

burial July 25

in Delta

MRS. Mabel Omatie

Okorodudu (nee

Esquire) is dead.

According to a release by

son-in-law, Mr. Brand

Nwosisi, on behalf of the

family, the burial

programme of Madam

Okorodudu, who passed

away on April 21, 2019,

begins with the Christian

wake keeping on July 25,

2019 at St. Joseph Catholic

Church, Jesse town, Delta

State by 5p.m. The requiem

mass follows at the same

church in Jesse town.

Interment holds at Mr.

Esquire family compound,

Irhodo, Delta State.

She is survived by a

daughter and grand children.

The late Mrs. Mabel

Omatie Okorodudu


•Governor Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi of Enugu State (left) in a handshake with Senate Minority

Leader, Senator Enyinnaya Abaribe, during the Thanksgiving Mass to mark the 70th

birthday of the latter’s elder sister, Chief Mrs. Ngozi Nwankwo (nee Abaribe), held at

St. Patrick’s Catholic Church, Kpirikpiri Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, yesterday.

Four feared killed as building collapses in Delta

By Perez Brisibe,


SEVERAL persons

were feared dead

while many others were

trapped following the collapse

of a three-storey

building in Abraka, Ethiope

East Local Government

Area of Delta State, yesterday.

The building, under construction

and meant to be

used as a hotel, is located

along the Aghwana avenue

area of Abraka.

The incident, which occurred

at about 5:30 a.m.,

according to eyewitnesses,

led to the death of four

of the workers who had resumed

for the day’s work.

Though the cause of the

collapse could not be ascertained

as of the time of

this report, rescue efforts

were ongoing while men of

the Abraka Police Division

and sister agencies had

been deployed to the scene

to ensure smooth exercise.

Sources at the scene of

the incident told Sunday

Vanguard that the building,

popularly referred to as

2016 Hotel, came down

during an early morning


Contacted, Delta State

Police Public Relations Officer,

DSP Onome Onovwakpoyeya,

while confirming

the incident, disclosed

that the command

was yet to receive any confirmation

of death as a result

of the incident.

From left: Governor of Imo State, Emeka Ihedioha, Imo State Commissioner of Police,

Rabiu Ladodo, former Governor of Imo State, Ikedi Ohakim, putting heads together

shortly after the inauguration of the committee on environmental sanitation in Owerri.

She said: “It is true there

has been a building collapse,

a hotel still under

construction. We have no

record of death because,

from what we know for

now, it is still under construction.”

Siasia begs kidnappers to free his


By Samuel Oyadongha,


FORMER Super Eagles

Coach, Samson Siasia,

has appealed to the kidnappers

of his aged mother,

Mrs. Ogere Siasia, to set her


According to family

members, the gunmen, who

abducted his mother, have

reportedly called his cousin

with a foreign phone

number, demanding N70m

to release the 80-year-old


Siasia, a former Flying

Eagles and Super Eagles

striker, who is currently out

of the country, in a telephone

interview, said he

has not spoken personally

with the kidnappers.

“The kidnappers, I just

want to say please, I beg

una.. The woman don old,

please release her, abeg. I

don’t have a job in the last

three years. She is an old

woman, with this cold, she

may not survive it. I don’t

have that kind of money

they are asking for”, he


The septuagenarian and

two others were reportedly

whisked away from Odoni,

a riverside town in Sagbama

Local Government

Area, Bayelsa State.

The abductors were said

to have invaded the area at

about 2am last Monday.

A family member who

spoke with Sunday Vanguard

described the octogenarian

as hypertensive

lamenting that she was

forcibly taken away without

her drugs.

He said: “She was taken

away without taking along

her drugs. We are full of

prayers and hoping she

would be released soon.”

Meanwhile, the state police

command said the search

for the kidnapped victims

was ongoing.

Author urges Buhari to utilise Sambisa territory

for cattle grazing

By Victor ‘Tunde Oso

TRAINING consult

ant with the Ministry

of Niger Delta Affairs

and author of the

Handbook On Skill Acquisition

Training and

Empowerment Programmes,

Dr. Benjamin

Onoriode Irikefe, has

urged President Muhammadu

Buhari to

create a Sambisa Joint

Development Authority,

SJDT, to address the

problems arising from

cattle grazing by nomadic


Irikefe, who also

played a pivotal role in

the establishment of the

Niger Delta Amnesty

Programme in 2010,

told his audience at the

unveiling of the second

edition of his book,

Handbook of Skill Acquisition,

Training and

Empowerment, at

Transcorp Hilton, Abuja,

that enough is

enough over the crisis

arising from incessant

conflicts between herdsmen

and farmers in the

country. He furthercalled

on the Federal Government

to explore the “immeasurable”


values of the Sambisa forest

to the advantage of

the entire nation and

countries around Lake

Chad Basin

According to Irikefe,

the people of the North-

Eastern Nigeria have a

right to life and peace as

provided for by fundamental

human rights.

The writer, who was the

Chairman of Presidential

Panel on National Security,

enumerated the benefits

derivable from turning

the dreaded Sambisa

forest, into a treasure

trove of the nation.

Irikefe explained that

when created, SJDT will

be funded through the

Public Private Partnership,

PPP to be administered

by the Sambisa

Joint Development Authority,

SJDA reminiscent

of the FCT and

FCDA in Abuja.

The SJDT, according to

the Urhobo-born writer

and trainer, upon creation

shall consist of an

Inland Port, Cargo Airport,

Commercial Livestock/Cattle


By Nwafor Sunday

Falana, Prof Akintoye, others for JODER,

US body’s peace-building meeting

WORRIED by the

growing ethnic

suspicion in Nigeria,

leaders of various ethnic

groups and Community

Based Organisations

(CBOs) will meet

in Lagos to create a

mechanism for conflict


The summit holds on

July 30, 2019. The meeting

being organised by

Journalists for Democratic

Rights (JODER-

Since 1996) and the

Game Reserves, Export

Processing Zone and

Commercial Farm estates.

Other facilities at the

new territory he stated,

includes: Amusement

Parks, Permanent Joint

Security Forces, JSF,

Bases, Educational Institutions;

Well - developed

road networks; developed

water resources

and relevant industries.

THE Institute of Chartered

Mediators and Conciliators,

ICMC, has urged both federal

and state governments to

use dialogue and alternative

dispute resolution to put an

end to herdsmen/farmers


The Vice President, Public

Communication and Strategy

of the institute, Mr. Uche

Anioke said this in Onitsha

after the inauguration of Onitsha

branch of the ICMC.

He said: “The best way to

resolve the herdsmen/farmers

clashes is dialogue. As long as

we are individuals we must

have differences but we must

be willing to live together. We

must do away with ego and

learn how to manage our

emotions.” He said the institute

has trained over 7,000

United States (US)

based International Institute

for Education,

(IIE), is aimed at preventing

conflict. A

statement by the

group’s Executive Director,

Mr Adewale

Adeoye, said the forum

will explore potentials

for peacebuilding.”He

said the summit marks

the beginning of series

of activities lined up to

deepen peaceful coexistence,

liberty and democracy.

The summit, he said,

is coming at a critical

moment in Nigeria’s

history. Guest Speakers

expected at the event

are Second Republic

Senator, Prof Adebanji

Akintoye; Mr Malachy

Ukwumadu; human

rights lawyer, Mr Femi

Falana, and a chieftain

of Arewa Youth Consultative

Council (AYCF),

Mr Kudu Abubakar,

among others.

Use dialogue

to resolve


farmers crisis,

ICMC tells FG

people across Nigeria.

The executive members of

the newly inaugurated ICMC

Onitsha branch include Chief

FAR Obi-Okafor (Chairman),

Chief Obiora Nzewi (Vice

Chairman), Noel N. Udeoji

(Secretary), Lauretta Ikwuka

(Assistant Secretary), Margret

Oputa (Financial Secretary),

Chisolum Okafor (Treasurer),

Adaobinna Edozie

Welfare Oficer) and Chuka

Okolie (PRO).

Port-Harcourt based garment

manufacturing company to

employ 50,000 Nigerians

By Prince Osuagwu


Port-Harcourt based

garment manufacturing

company, XIREA Apparel,

is targeting to deplete the

Nigerian labour market with

the employment of over 50,

000 Nigerians between now

and the next eleven years.

The company, which is set to

launch an ultramodern manufacturing

facility at Trans-

Amadi industrial layout, Port-

Harcourt, Rivers State, says it

will also open doors of opportunity

to various industry

stakeholders within and

around Port Harcourt.

The company said that over

400 Nigerians, mostly women

are already on its employment

even as it has trained over

300 women in apparel design

and production since 2017.

Chief Executive Officer of the

company, Mr Obinna Eneh,

said his factory has a fully automated

design and pattern

making process with real

time monitoring of orders

placed and technology solutions

to help clients develop

knowledge base around their

order through data acquisition.

According to him, XIREA

Factory would also open

doors for contract manufacturing

for its first client– Buphalo,

signaling to the world that

the Apparel Factory is ready

for contract manufacturing

for the entire spectrum of

garments from fashion,

armed forces, sports to corporate

work wear.

The company manufactures

safety work wear, hearing

protection, hand protection,

eye and face protection,

respiratory and fall protection

solutions and Eneh said

no matter what the requirements

are, Xirea will always

design for safety and to protect

the user in Style.

He said: “With Technology

at the heart of our operations,

XIREA Apparels currently

employs over 400 Nigerians,

95% female, with the vision

of training and employing

50,000 by 2030.

“The facility has an R&D

team and expert management

staff with more than 140

years combined experience in

garment manufacturing,

supply chain optimization

and sourcing from three continents.”


From left: Tayo Orekoya, Managing Consultant, CITC Global Consulting; Foluke Michael,

CEO/Founder, CYCDI; Prof Wole Soyinka, Nobel Laureate; Ayodeji Oluwadare, Creative

Director, CYCDI, & Mr. Ronald Kayanja, Country Director, United Nations Information Centre

(UNIC), during the #Solution 17 Official Launch in Lagos where Soyinka received the

Global Youth Development Award

By Levinus


Members of the

House of


have said that N8.5 million

given to them as monthly

running cost is grossly

inadequate for the myriad of

problems and challenges

they faced on daily basis.

They also confirmed the

receipt of their salaries,

allowances and take-off

packages which ran into

millions of Naira for each


Each member of the House

pocketed N25 million while

the Senators went home with

N30 million each.

The membership of both

chambers of National

Assembly is 469. While the

Senate is 109, the House is

peopled by 360 members.

It was learnt that the money

was tucked into the welcome

pay package, serving as

accommodation allowance

which is about N4m, the

furniture allowance that is

about N 3 .9 m and car loan

of about N 7m.

Apart from the salaries and

running cost which is placed

at N8.5 million in the House

of Representatives, it was

learnt that all other

allowances are grants which

are repayable.

Some senators, however,

expressed disappointment

From left: Ogun State Governor, Prince Dapo Abiodun; Vice President,Prof Yemi

Osinbajo; the Akarigbo of Remoland, HRM Oba Adewale Ajayi and Mr. Lawal Solarin,

during a visit to the palace of the Akarigbo yesterday.

N/Assembly: N8.5m monthly pay grossly inadequate — Reps

•Confirm receipt of jumbo payment for take-off

•Senators receive repayable N30m each, Reps N25m for furniture allowance, car loan

By Egufe Yafugborhi



government has

described as “weird and

unfounded” reports

alleging that it has vowed

to start taxing churches.

Chairman, Rivers

Internal Revenue Service,

RIRS, Adoage Norteh , who

said this in a statement,

noted that the agency only

promised to increase the

revenue base of the state.

He said: “We have been

hearing in some quarters

that I said Rivers State

government wants to tax

churches. Such a report is

erroneous in the sense that

it didn’t capture all that I


“Nobody or group is

targeted. It is a fiscal

measure stipulated by law.

That is why the story about

targeting churches is weird.

Two days ago, I met

officials of the Christian

Association of Nigeria,

CAN, on this misunderstood


“Churches by the law

over the amount, saying it ran

contrary to their expectations

as people occupying high


The money is coming on

the heels of a huge public

outcry on alleged jumbo pay

paid to the members of the

two chambers of National

Assembly amid an economic


It will be recalled that the

senator representing Abia

North, Dr. Orji Uzor Kalu, had

reportedly said that most of

his colleagues were

disappointed with what they

received as salaries.

Kalu said the insinuations

about the jumbo pay were

unfounded, saying that the

money they received was far

below what was reported in

the media.

He however said it was the

sacrifice the members had to

make for building the nation.

In the House of

Representatives, members

dismissed insinuations of

jumbo pay, saying that their

monthly salary is only


A member from the South-

South, who spoke with

Sunday Vanguard in

confidence, said that outside

of his salary and the running

cost, no other money comes

to him.

He said that the cost

running, which is equivalent

to the security votes enjoyed

by the Executive branch of

government, is retired in the

case of the legislature at the

end of the month as against

the practice in the Executive.

He explained that the

running cost, statutorily

meant to take care of core

legislative functions, ends

taking care of their

constituents and other

dependants who approach

them for assistance on daily


Our salary

per month is


Giving the details, the

lawmaker said: “The truth of

the matter is that the

allowances that lawmakers

receive are clearly defined by

the Wages and Salaries

Commission. Officially, my

salary is N700,000. I don’t get

more than that.

“At the beginning of the

Assembly, lawmakers are

paid money for rent, furniture

and car loan. You pay back

these monies. So, those are the

allowances that I know about.

N8.5 million running

cost not enough/

Executive Branch

doesn’t retire security


“Then on monthly basis,

we are given money that is

tagged running cost. In

Executive branch of

government, that money is

called security vote. They

don’t retire theirs. We retire

ours. It’s money you applied

‘Rivers s govt vt didn’t say y it will tax chur



RIRS boss, Adoage Norteh (left), rubbing minds with

Governor Nyesom Wike

setting them up are not

profit-making and to that

extent, they are not to be


“What we said in RIRS is

that church workers who

earn income like any other

income earner working

elsewhere are liable to tax.

“In the same vein, those

who work in the mosque

and earn salaries doing so

are liable to pay tax on such

income like every other

income earner who attends

churches, mosque or other

worship places.

“The basis for income tax

is in the law. To know how

much relief you get under

the law, it is simply 20

percent of any income. That

is your relief.

“Rivers government is

very concerned about the

state of our national

economy. In its tax policies,

we try as much as possible

to make sure the burden is

limited and lighter. ‘’

for, for running your

department, including your

constituency, then at the end

of the month, you retire that

money. That money is grossly

in adequate.

“Now to a lot of people, they

will think that that is big

money and the reason is that

what it is meant for is not often

what it is used for. It is used in

most cases to solve the

problems of constituents. On

daily basis, when you are

stepping out of national

Assembly, you will see a group

of people assembled at that

By Demola Akinyemi

Central Bank of

Nigeria (CBN) says

it has deliberately

opened windows of

opportunities for all

categories of Nigerians to

access loans in commercial

banks in order to stimulate

the economy.

The apex bank said its new

direction became necessary

because many Nigerians are

unable to access loans from

banks because they cannot

distinguish between working

and fixed capital.

It added that many

Nigerians also cannot access

its many initiatives as they

don’t have bank accounts.

Director, Corporate


Department of CBN, Isaac

Okorafor, disclosed these in

Ilorin, Kwara State capital

during a-two day fair

organized by the bank for

artisans and other


The theme of the fair was

‘Promoting sustainable

economic development in the


Okorafor said that from the

apex bank latest findings,

many bank customers do not

know their rights, adding that

“some of the commercial

banks allegedly make illegal

deductions from their


He added, “Many people

don’t have record of their sales

and, without this, they can’t

get loans. Some even think

you can just enter bank and

take loan.

“Many businesses don’t

even have daily record

because they spend anyhow

and these are the documents

the banks will demand

before releasing loans.

“CBN has to be responsible

not only to Mr President, our

boss, alone but also to the

people directly and also

through the parliament. We

are indeed responsible to the

people and that is the reason

exit, begging for money. If you

don’t give them, they will

ambush you. The day you

need anything from the

system, you will not get it. Your

file can get missing.

“Now back home, for a lot

of us who have the spirit of

giving and taking care of

constituents, on daily basis,

you get phone calls and text

messages requesting for

financial assistance, in most

cases, for reasons you cannot

overlook. Let me even add

that even our friends in the

system, including Journalist,

security personnel, the do

come for such assistance and

we know that they are not well

paid. When you give such

assistance, all of that comes

from the running cost. But it

is not meant for that


Asked to give specific

figures as tied to the subheads,

the lawmaker said there was

an agreement among them

not to speculate, directing any

interested party to sort it

through the official routes.

“I wouldn’t want to quote

an amount because there is

an understanding among us

that no member should go out

an mention it. Anybody who

wants to know the figure

should use the Freedom of

Information to officially get

the amount. Get it from the

right source. I don’t want to

have an issue with my

colleagues”, he said.

CBN lists ts opportunities for Nigerians hungry

for bank loans

for this eyeball-to-eyeball

engagement with the masses

to enable them understand

these dynamics”.

Represented by the

Assistant Director in the

department and National

Coordinator of the fair,

Samuel Okegbue, Okorafor

said the CBN had returned

billions of Naira to customers

from illegal deductions by

commercial banks.

He attributed the

proliferation of dirty and

mutilated Naira notes in

circulation to poor and

improper handling of the

national currency, which he

described as “the nation’s


He went on, “The fair is to

sensitise our people on how

to take records

of what they have, as this

will enable them know how

to organize their businesses

well. CBN is poised to make

polices that are people’s

focused. CBN is monitoring

to make sure that bank’s

customers do not get

unwarranted charges from

their banks”.

Buhari condemns murder of 37

in Sokoto

By Johnbosco


resident Muhammadu

PBuhari has strongly condemned

the killing of 37 people

by bandits in the Goronyo

Local Government Area

of Sokoto State.

Commiserating with the

families of the victims, the

government and people of

Sokoto, the President vowed

to respond fiercely against

“these brutal and remorseless

enemies of humanity.”

“This frequent and large

scale killings of poor villagers

by gangs of mass murderers

must be met with the fiercest

force the government can

mobilise,” Garba Shehu, the

Senior Special Assistant to the

President on Media and Publicity,

last night, quoted the

President as saying.

The presidential spokesman

announced that troops

had been deployed to the affected

areas and aerial security

measures put in place.

“The Police Commissioner

as well as the Sultan of Sokoto,

His Eminence, Muhammad

Sa’ad Abubakar III, has

since visited the affected local

government area, Goronyo”,

he said.

“The Presidency is consulting

with states racked by this

tit-for-tat violent attacks with

a view to complementing the

security measures being put

in place by getting the communities

to dialogue with one


“The results we are getting

from Zamfara State where

this sort of engagement is

ongoing at the instance of the

local authorities working

with the police and other security

agencies are very encouraging.







By Dele Sobowale

“Those whom the gods will destroy, first, they make

them deaf.

Then, they make them mad”. Euripides, 480-406 BC,

Greek dramatist.


Before former President Obasanjo released his

latest letter to President Buhari, I wrote a

piece in May this year titled, THE NEXT

LEVEL IS PURE ANARCHY. It was designed

to warn Nigeria’s political ruling party

leadership about the national descent into anarchy –


starting with the abdication of control of Zamfara State

by former Governor Yari. The man ran to Abuja and left

his people at the mercy of heinous criminals. It was well

known for more than a year that the state was under

siege but the security threat was ignored, just as the

Boko Haram insurgency was before it became a miniwar

in the North-East. There is another mini-war for the

control of Zamfara State and parts of the North-West

going on at the moment. That started building up about

two and a half years ago.

By comparison with the shooting insurgents in the

North-East and North-West, a mere call by the

Independent People of Biafra, IPOB, to Igbos in the

South-East to stay at home for a day invariably leads to

Army Snake and Cobra dances in the zone. Yet, the

political leadership asks others to eschew ethnicity

when discussing national issues. Why were there no

snake dances in Katsina while it developed into the

kidnap capital of Nigeria?

Sandwiched between Boko Haram, kidnappers and

bandits now holding sway in Borno, Zamfara, Katsina,

Kaduna and parts of Niger states was the terrorist attack

unleashed nationally by suspected herdsmen in the last

four years. To be sure, herdsmen had been clashing with

farmers for years before May 29, 2015. But, that date

marked a watershed in their activities. Until then, their

activities were low-key. Body counts in the last four

years and two months to date – over 60,000 fellow

Nigerians slaughtered by herdsmen all over – would

have been a befitting monument to some of history’s

worst villains - Attila the Hun, Hitler.

Unlike the activities of bandits, which were merely

neglected until they became major conflicts, officialdom,

at first, ignored the problem of suspected herdsmen. In

this case, they actually later took notice of the genocide

committed by suspected herdsmen in ways that smacked

of complicity. When over 200 souls were massacred in

Agatu in May, 2016, no top Federal Government official

visited the people; no relief materials were sent. That

same year, the French President cancelled a state visit

when terrorists killed only six people in his country. He

also personally paid condolence visits to the families of

victims. French security forces eventually hunted down

the perpetrators and eliminated them. In 2016, the

difference was clear between a caring and just national

leadership and an openly biased one.

Instead of checking the mindless killers, the

leadership first of all turned the blame on the victims –

they were accused of not welcoming strangers in their

midst. It was a lie. Agatu was home to all ethnic groups

for ages before 2016. Then, anti-grazing law passed by

the state was offered as the cause of the mayhem. But,

Agatu pogrom occurred 16 months before the antigrazing

law was passed. At any rate, suspected

herdsmen were also killing people in states without

anti-grazing laws – even now. Later we were told that

renegades from Gadaffi’s army from Libya were the

perpetrators. Absolute lies and excuses were offered

without once asking suspected herdsmen to stop killing

other ethnic groups and destroying their farms.

Obviously, only a dunce and an incorrigible liar can fail

to see who is promoting nepotism, sectionalism, and

ethnic division in Nigeria today.

The Nigerian political leadership had allowed

injustice by a small ethnic group to bring us to the brink

of war. Former President Olusegun Obasanjo has merely

opened up in his letter what other ethnic groups now

feel in their hearts. Rightly or wrongly, the Fulani,

whether herdsmen or not, had become everybody else’s

number one enemy in Nigeria. Just in case their leaders

don’t know, below are the ethnic groups known to me in

Nigeria at the moment. Fulani’s constitute less than five

per cent.


Continues on pages 11


By Ben Agande

The North seems to be

the most insecure place

in the country now with

Boko Haram, kidnapping

and banditry. Is ACF


ACF has been worried over

insecurity across the country

and would wish an end is

put to the problem posed by

not only Boko Haram,

kidnappers and bandits but

also armed robbers, cattle

rustlers and cultists. The

upsurge in banditry and

kidnapping in the North

after the elections is

particularly worrisome

because one has to ask why

now? But given the resolve

by the regime that it would

go as far as effort can go to

exterminate the challenges

to security in the manner it

has weakened Boko Haram

and consigned the activities

of the sect to fringes of

North East, we are hopeful

that the desired results

would come to pass as soon

as possible. What is required

is for Nigerians to come

together and unleash their

synergistic potential against

the collective challenges for

common good, since no

economy can thrive amid

insecurity. A situation where

some groups gloat when

some of our security agents

suffer some setback from

criminals conveys an

impression of lack of

national solidarity against

our collective challenges.

Nigeria is going through

bad times. Yes. But bad

moments should bring about

national grandeur,

purposeful leadership and

the best in everyone. This is

because we can make the

most of our diversity by

working hard to overcome

what divides our people. No

nation thrives on the victory

of its faction but through

ultimate reconciliation.

Victory and defeat are never


The North is more divided

now ever than before. Is

this an indication that ACF

has failed in its unifying


I do not know the basis for

your conclusion that the

North is divided now more

than ever before. Is it

because of the security

challenges across the North

or partisan differences? I

have said it over and over

again that when it comes to

partisanship, the North has

never been one. That is why

during the First Republic,

there was the NPC led by

the Sardauna of Sokoto,

NEPU led by Mallam

Aminu Kano and UMBC led

by Tarka, all of which were

northern based political

parties. There were several

smaller political parties

across the North. In the

Second Republic, there was

NPN with Alhaji Shehu

Shagari as presidential

candidate, GNPP with Alhaji

Don’t stigmatise

a whole ethnic

group to avoid


ACF warns

In this interview, the National Secretary of the Arewa

Consultative Forum (ACF), Anthony Sani, speaks on the

state of the nation against the backdrop of former President

Olusegun Obasanjo’s open letter to President

Muhammadu Buhari. Excerpts:

Ibrahim Waziri as

presidential candidate and

PRP with Mallam Aminu

Kano as presidential

candidate while Plateau

aligned with NPP which had

Zik as presidential

candidate. During the

current dispensation, we

have witnessed when

General Buhari contested

with Alhaji Umaru Yar’Adua

from the same Katsina State

and a fellow Fulani Muslim.

We have also seen recently

how President Buhari

slugged it out with a fellow

Fulani Muslim from the

North, Alhaji Abubakar


All these can happen

because the North knows

that while there may be


consensus on

the problems of

the nation,

there may be

no similar

consensus on

methods of

solution; and

that multiparty


allows each

political party

to represent


methods of

solution as

contained in

the manifesto

that is used for




needed for


But there are

many political issues which

most northerners share and

which ACF tries to promote.

So, anybody who posits that

the North is divided more

than before does not know

what ACF and the North

stand for and promote as a

collective. It used to be said

the North is no more one

due to the activities of few

people under the platform of

Middle Belt Forum. Those

who thought so do not know

the origin of Middle Belt

agitations, to wit, it was

meant for a Middle Belt

region reminiscent of Mid-

West which was created for

A situation

where some

groups gloat

when some of

our security

agents suffer

some setback

from criminals

conveys an

impression of

lack of national


against our



the minority from the former

Western Region in response

to the recommendations of

the Wilink Commission. But

now that states and local

governments have been

created to allay the fears of

domination of minorities by

the majorities, one can

reasonably posit that the

agitations by Middle Belt

Forum are rooted in what no

longer exists. That may

explain why the North

Central zone delivered five

states to APC that is

dominated by the majority

Hausa-Fulani and the South-

South delivered five states to

PDP that is dominated by

the majority Igbo ethnic

extraction in the immediate

past elections. Majority

ethnic groups no

longer dictate to

the minorities on

who should

govern their

states and local


How can ACF

claim to be

representing the

North when it

endorsed one


candidate in the

last elections

against the


ACF exists to

promote and

protect interests

of the North in

the context of one

united and

peaceful Nigeria.

This includes

advocacy on what

is best for the North and the

nation, and how best

northerners can go about

pursuing the collective

aspirations in a particular

circumstance. Being nonpartisan

does not suggest

ACF should not advise on

what it considers to be the

best option for the North, or

being non-partisan does not

mean the forum is amoral. In

fact, ACF looks forward to a

situation where politics,

economics and morality will

intersect for healthy and

speedy socioeconomic

development of not only the

•Anthony Sani

North but also of the whole

nation. That explains why

the forum in its advocacies

strives to help shape events

instead of allowing events to

shape the polity. So, the

endorsement of a

presidential candidate of a

northern extraction over

another presidential

candidate of the same North

does not necessarily

contradict what the ACF

stands for but is in

furtherance of what the

forum believes is the best for

most northerners in a given


A group of Northern

youths recently warned

states opposed to Ruga

settlement to support the

initiative within 30 days or

risk their anger. Does ACF

support the stand of this


ACF has been worried that

those who have opposed

open grazing by nomads, out

of fear that such open

grazing is a predisposing

factor to trespasses that

bring about clashes between

herdsmen and farmers, are

the same ones opposed to

government’s interventions

in establishment of ranches

that are currently beyond

the capacity of individual

nomads. They are also

opposed to the concept of

RUGA which was meant to

encourage sedentary habit

away from nomadic practices

that are not amenable to

surveillance and monitoring

for security purposes. But

now that government has

been sensitive enough to

suspend RUGA in order to

calm frayed nerves, we

expect the critics to proffer

viable alternatives that are

realistically practical and

acceptable to majority of

stakeholders. And in doing

so, they should note that

government has intervened

in many private ventures

like river basins and dams

as well as subsidy on

tractors and fertilizers.

Government has also bailed

out private ventures that are

too important or too big to

fail when they privatize

profits and socialize losses. I

believe herds men who are

farmers of life stock are also

entitled to some form of

support from government

reminiscent of support

extended to farmers of crops

and trees. Threats and

ultimatum do not arise in the


Arewa Elders have called

on herdsmen in South to

return to the North. What

does this portend for

national unity?

The advice by Northern

Elders Forum to herdsmen

that, if they do not believe

the host governors and

people of their states of

Continues on page 9


By Dayo Johnson

and Ola Ajayi


influential group;

Afenifere, Yoruba

socio-political group; and

Yoruba Council of Elders

(YCE) say they support former

President Olusegun

Obasanjo’s call for national

dialogue to resolve insecurity

and some other challenges

facing Nigeria.

Obasanjo had, in an open

letter to President

Muhammadu Buhari, last

Monday, raised the idea of the


The former President had

said: “In all these issues of

mobilisation for national unity,

stability, security, cooperation,

development, growth and

progress, there is no

consensus. “Like in the issue

of security, government should

open up discussion, debate

and dialogue as part of

consultation at different levels

and the outcome of such

deliberations should be

collated to form inputs into a

national conference to come

up with the solution that will

effectively deal with the issues

and lead to rapid

development, growth and

progress which will give us a

wholesome society and

enhanced living standard and

livelihood in an inclusive and

shared society. It will be a

national programme.

“We need unity of purpose

and nationally accepted

strategic roadmap that will not

change with whims and

caprices of any government. It

must be owned by the citizens,

people’s policy and strategy

implemented by the

government no matter its

colour and leaning.

“Some of the groups that I

will suggest to be contacted

are: traditional rulers, past

heads of service (no matter

how competent or

incompetent they have been

and how much they have

contributed to the mess we are

in), past heads of para-military

organisations, private sector,

civil society, community

leaders particularly in the

most affected areas, present

and past governors, present

and past local government

leaders, religious leaders, past

Heads of State, past

intelligence chiefs, past Heads

of Civil Service and relevant

current and retired diplomats,

members of opposition and

any groups that may be

deemed relevant.”

Ohanaeze Ndigbo said it

abode would guarantee their

safety, they are at liberty to

leave is not an order. This is

because the decision is by

the herdsmen who are in

better positions to assess

their environment and

determine what to do. But we

must caution against giving

ethnic, religious and regional

coloration to all actions under

the sun. This is because we


Why we back


— Ohanaeze,

Afenifere, YCE

aligned with Obasanjo’s


According to the group, it

indeed raised the same issue

of insecurity as the former

President did last weekend

when it reacted to the killing

of the daughter of the

Afenifere leader, Pa Ruben

Fasoranti, Mrs. Funke


It recalled that it advocated

an emergency security summit

over the problem, warning that

failure to convene the

discourse on the way out of



quagmire will

still spell doom

for the country.

Media Adviser

to the President

General of the

apex Igbo

group, Chief

Emeka Attama,

said, at the



reaction is that

this (Obasanjo’s

letter) is in

tandem with the

views canvassed

by its President

General in a

recent statement

- a strident call

for the

convening of a


discourse on the

way forward on

the present

security debacle.

“This is the only step that

can assuage the current

situation. It requires urgent

action. We endorse his position

absolutely. The sooner the

better as things are really

getting out of hand. Delay

could spell doom for the


Another Igbo group, Ala-

'Don’t stigmatise a whole ethnic

group to avoid conflagration'

Continued from page 8

cannot afford to provide such

platforms to criminals to hide

and perpetrate crimes,

knowing it is not possible to

prosecute ethnicity, religion

and region. Also, we cannot

afford to stigmatize a whole

ethnic group, a religious

group and a whole region for

the sins of few members lest

such coloration degenerate to

conflagration. We must

identify criminals and treat

them as such for larger

We are calling

for a National

Conference that

will return

powers to the



and regions.

The call for

state police

formations does

not make


because of what

exists now as

the security


Igbo Development

Foundation, ADF, supported

the call for national

conference at this juncture to

look at fundamental issues

bedevilling the country.

Spokesperson for ADF, Abia

Onyike, said his group’s

position was that it is either the

proposed national conference

sets agenda for the

restructuring of the country or

determines its division for the

ethnic nationalities to go their

separate ways.

Onyike said, “ADF position is

that we need to go

back to restructure

Nigeria into a

federation or in

the alternative the



disintegrate either

to form unions

which is what is

likely to happen.

“Obasanjo called

for a National

Conference but

the Senate is

talking about

security summit

which cannot

achieve anything

because of the

inherent problems

of the 1999


“We are calling

for a National

Conference that

will return powers

to the autonomous

nationalities and

regions. The call for state

police formations does not

make meaning because of

what exists now as the security


Spokesperson for Afenifere,

Yinka Odumakin, in the

group’s reaction to the

Obasanjo suggestion, said,

“Afenifere believes in dialogue

in all situations. Our


Former President

Olusegun Obasanjo wrote

an open letter to President

Buhari warning of Rwanda

like situation if the security

and other challenges in the

country are not properly

handled. What do you make

of this letter?

ACF has already said the

forum is studying the letter.


understanding of the summit

Obasanjo is suggesting is not a

National Conference but an

assemblage of leaders to

proffer solutions to the

insecurity in the land.

“The decisions they arrive at

should then be tabled before a

congress of representatives of

all interest groups and social

forces in Nigeria for


“All these should not be more

than three days. We accept the

recommendation as a veritable

platform to steer Nigeria from

the apparent anarchy that

stares it in the face.

“It is the most patriotic

suggestion for Nigeria in


For his part, the President of

YCE, Col Dansaaki Agbede

(ret.), advised Obasanjo to

liaise with other stakeholders

in the South-West and stop

acting as a lone ranger.

Though he said his group is

not opposed to organising

another National Conference,

Agbede felt rather

uncomfortable with nonimplementation

of the

recommendations of the

previous conferences,

especially the one organised

during the time of former

President Goodluck Jonathan.

He believed the insecurity

challenge stalking the nation

cannot be resolved without

combined efforts.

“Obasanjo should use his

elderly statesmanship to bring

all Yoruba groups and leaders

together. Walking alone has

limited advantages”, the YCE

leader said.

“We can only resolve the

issue with collective efforts.

YCE has been saying it since

February that we in the South-

West should brace up, face the

onslaught and do the needful.

“On the call for the

convocation of another

conference, what happened to

the previous conferences we


“It all amounts to wasting

our resources. Billions of naira

was spent on the conference

conducted by former President

Goodluck Jonathan. Why not

bring the recommendations

out and let’s start from there?

“So, it is not organising

another conference that is the

matter, what will happen to its

recommendations? Will they

see the light of the day? Will

they not end up like

population census? I have no

objection to it but it must

involve all groups.

“I only wonder why we talk

of another conference now

when nothing has been done

concerning the previous ones.

If the caliphate is against it, it

will fizzle away.

“Obasanjo should slow down

and facilitate unity forum or

platform for all Yoruba so that

we can speak with one voice.

“He should identify young

groups which are around 34.

How do you solve security

issue with all these groups

working at cross purposes?”

Lending his voice to the

discourse, the Executive

Director, Centre for Human

Rights and Ethics in

Development, Comrade

Mashood Erubami, disagreed

with Obasanjo, saying, “I don’t

agree with him, we don’t need

a new conference but the

Federal Government and

states should hold security

meetings to discuss stability

and how we can live together

peacefully. “It is not a kind of

jamboree conference that

Obasanjo is calling for. It

should include labour unions,

civil societies and the

recommendations should be

implemented within eight




grievances against

Obasanjo, others;

fears in Nigeria

— Junaid

Dr. Junaid Mohammed, a Second Republic federal lawmaker, was

also a member of the 2014 National Conference convoked by the

Goodluck Jonathan administration to find solutions to

Nigeria’s nagging challenges. Known for speaking

his mind on topical issues no mater whose ox is

gored, Junaid, a medical doctor-turned politician,

in this interview, reviews the latest letter written

by former President Olusegun Obasanjo to

President Muhammadu Buhari.


By Soni Daniel,

Northern Region Editor

What do you make of the latest

letter by former President

Olusegun Obasanjo to President

Muhammadu Buhari?

As far as I am concerned, this latest

letter written by Obasanjo, who is

supposed to be an elder statesman

having been the President of this

country twice, is most unhelpful and

clearly mischievous. Look, for a

nation going through not only very

traumatic moment but also

grappling with economic, security

and very many other challenges,

Obasanjo’s letter is the least

anybody could have done to give

the impression that he wants to be

perpetually relevant. Yes, it is

necessary that people in

government need to be told what the

mood in the land is and what they

need to do in order to satisfy the

needs of the citizenry. But I must say

that what Obasanjo has done does

not, in any way, promote national

consciousness and merely tilted to

promoting self-interest. His socalled

letter was clearly ill-timed,

written purposely to inflict

maximum damage on the country.

For a man in his 80s, who has been

blessed with good health and has

also benefited from this country

more than any other individual that

I know of, to come and make the

kind of statement he made was

clearly an act of disservice.

If you examine some of the issues

he touched on such as security and

economy, you would discover that

Obasanjo was quite economical with

the truth. If you look at what he calls

Fulanisation and Islamisation of

Nigeria, one would see that he is not

only ignorant in his view but also

mischievous as a former Head of

State. I am certain that if Obasanjo’s

motive is to use his so-called letters

to blackmail the Buhari government,

which is not my government

because I am not in Buhari’s party,

he has failed because these letters

are banal, illogical and futile. The

so-called letters do not enlighten

anybody in or outside Nigeria. I

suspect that Obasanjo simply

believes that by writing the series of

letters to Buhari, he would be able to

blackmail the government or the

country and get something;

perhaps, what he has been craving

for all the while, something that is

•Dr. Junaid Mohammed

relevant to him. But I can assure him

that even within his Yoruba race, he

cannot get anything out of them.

Obasanjo should be very careful

about what he says concerning

Fulani herdsmen and land matters

because he is one of the biggest

owners of land in this country and

should know that whatever he says

has the potential to influence certain


Again, because of the positions that

he has occupied in this country, the

former Head of State should be

concerned about his actions and

utterances. That is why I find what he

said out rightly false and

condemnable and I believe that,

some day, he is going to be held to

account either in life or perhaps he is

going to be called to account by

history. I want those who are inciting

and heating up the polity to realise

that if, by their actions and

utterances, war breaks out today, all

of them would be affected just like

other Nigerians. I do not see how

they can easily escape the

war that their actions can

trigger and leave others

behind to be roasted. That is

why every Nigerian must be

extremely careful in what

they say and do at this time in

Nigeria’s history.

Do you think the Fulani

tribe has been negatively

profiled by some

commentators in Nigeria

especially in the wake of this

controversial RUGA

programme which has now

been suspended?

Certainly! They have been

negatively profiled as people

who are causing trouble

everywhere when that is not

the case. I do not want to say

that the Fulani tribe is partly

responsible, no; you can see

clearly that this thing has

taken some time. It was well

planned, choreographed and

finally unleashed on them. As

you can see, those who are now

accusing the Fulani of taking their

cows everywhere and destroying

everything on sight - lives and

property – had already prepared

their mindset against them and were

merely waiting for an opportunity to

unleash attacks on them. And the

opportunity finally dawned with the

killing of last week. As far as I am

concerned, the killing of the

daughter of Pa Fasoranti, who I know

and I have met several times, was

very unfortunate but it was a tragedy

waiting to happen because the

people had already made up their

mind, sharpened their propaganda

knives to demolish the Fulani

people. That unfortunate incident

only provided the fillip for them to

carry out their premeditated

onslaught on the Fulani people. I am

sure the attacks will not stop there as

long as the antagonists of the Fulani

are around and are ready to make

the most of every incident against

their targets. There are quite a

number of people

in the military, in

business and other

aspects of life who

have done very well

and have actually

put their lives on

the line to make

this country what it

They have



profiled as

people who

are causing



when that is

not the case

is now. Nigeria

does not owe its

existence to any

ethnic group, any

political group or

any individual. If

they claim that they

have lost blood as a

result of keeping

Nigeria one, they

should tell us who

started the mayhem

in the name of the

so-called OPC

(Odua Peoples

Congress) in Lagos

State at a time

when Obasanjo was

in power and later

after he left power.

This kind of nonsense does nobody

any good. In the course of this

altercation with the Fulani wherever

it is happening, there have been so

many people who have nothing to do

with Fulani but have been arrested

which means that the ethnic

profiling of the Fulani is an ongoing

project; the Fulani people have been

deliberating marked out because

they mistakenly believe that Fulanis

are everywhere just because Buhari

is the President of Nigeria. Let me

tell you, out of the 57 countries in

Africa, there are identifiable Fulani

settlements, towns and villages in 33.

So you cannot tell me that all the

people who are misbehaving or are

doing something contrary to civilized

conduct are Fulani. They are not

Fulani and even if they are Fulani,

they have nothing to do with Nigeria

because the fact that they are Fulani

and I am a Fulani does not mean that

whatever mayhem you commit, I am

responsible for it; nobody can hold

me responsible for that. And in

Nigeria we have, for example, his

Royal Highness the Lamido of

Adamawa, who is the grand patron of

Miyetti Allah worldwide. For

example, every emir appointed in

northern Cameroon, it is he who

gives him the turban, the regalia, the

sticks he holds throughout life.

When the Lamido travelled to Mali

recently, it was the premier of that

country who came to welcome him at

the airport and because the Lamido

is an educated man and he is not

politically ambitious, nobody has

associated him with any altercations

of the Fulani. I also remember that

before Buhari joined politics formally

in 2002 and contested election in

2003, he was appointed by some

persons as the grand patron of

Miyetti Allah in Nigeria, that might

have been what motivates some of

the persons who are trying to

embarrass Buhari and I told him so

after he wanted to go and see one

governor in Ibadan and the governor

Continues on page 11


FULANI: Our grievances against Obasanjo,

others; fears in Nigeria — Junaid

Continued from page 10

didn’t want to see him and they went

about writing editorials and

comments about his involvement.

Some of these things have long

memories. I don’t believe he has

anything to do with Miyetti Allah or

whatever they call themselves. But

the fact is that whatever an

individual does, does not mean that

the whole people, the whole race

must pay for it, I don’t accept that

and, in my view, it is primitive and


But what is really the fear of the

Fulani in Nigeria?

The primary responsibility of any

government is the protection of lives

and property. To the extent that they

are living here, even if they are not

Nigerians, they are entitled to that

protection and this is part of

international law. Secondly, if they

commit any offence, they should be

apprehended and arraigned before a

court of law. Thirdly, you cannot

condemn a people and say they are

useless; there are some economic

benefits from their work

and, even if they are

useless, it shouldn’t

mean they should be

allowed to misbehave

and people should

simply carry out massive

propaganda campaign

against them and start

abusing them by saying

they are this or that. We

must respect the rule of

law, we must give every

Nigerian the

entitlement granted

them by the Constitution

and, if we don’t do that,

we have no right telling

people that somehow

they are second class or

whatever they do they

are up to no good. Every

crime committed in any

part of the country is

now attributed to the

Fulani simply because a

Fulani man is at the

helm of Nigeria’s

affairs? This is callous

and dangerous.

This may be because some persons

believe that they have been over

pampered with key appointments

and other incentives by the President

although the governor of Kaduna

State thinks otherwise.

No, the Buhari government has

favoured the South with more key

appointments and other incentives

than the Fulani, North. What el-Rufai

said is nothing but the truth. Even

the Presidency has given out

documents to prove that more

attention has been paid by Buhari to

the South than the North. There is no

question about that because it is on

record. Buhari himself has said so

while reacting to the comments

coming from all parts of the country

about the appointments he made. He

confirmed he favoured the South

more than he has favoured the North

and that most of the important

ministries are in the hands of


But southern people are also

complaining that the North has

taken everything from the Chief of

Staff to the President to the Chief of

the Army, the Air Force, IGP and

heads of paramilitary agencies.

No, those saying so are either

mischievous or running away from

the truth because of ulterior motives.

Nobody can look at the list of

ministers and key appointments such

as those of the Central Bank,

ministries of finance, Economic

planning, power, steel and housing

and others and still hold on to such

Those who are

stoking the

embers of the

crises do so to

openly embarrass

Buhari and his

government so

that they will say

it is because he is

from the North.

The whole crisis

is triggered by

politics and

nothing more

opinion. These things are in the

open and are not hidden...in the

hands of southerners. And Buhari

himself said also that even when he

made northerners ministers, most of

them were ministers of state; you can

go through the entire list and see

that overwhelming number of people

who have been appointed, there are

very serious complaints from the

North about their appointment.

But what do you think is

responsible for the spread of

banditry, kidnappings and killings

across the country at this time in the

nation’s history?

The situation is caused by bad

politics, politics of hate and


There is absolutely a clear

correlation between politics and the

hostilities going on in many parts of

the country. Those who are stoking

the embers of the crises do so to

openly embarrass Buhari and his

government so that they will say it is

because he is from the North. The

whole crisis is triggered by politics

and nothing more. Of course there

are people even within

the North itself, for

example the governor of

Benue State, who has the

tendency to blame every

problem on either Fulani

or Muslims. The

governor decides who to

blame or not to blame for

every crisis depending

on who is involved and

this is quite unfortunate.

As Obasanjo has

suggested, don’t you

think that the country

therefore urgently needs

to convoke another

National Conference to

address nagging issues?

The suggestion is

absolutely meaningless

and will not achieve any

success if convened by

government. It will be an

exercise in futility like

the previous ones. First,

he (Obasanjo) has never

participated in any

National Conference and

on two occasions when I asked him

what his take on National

Conference is, he said it is a bloody

waste of time. He has never believed

in any National Conference because

he is not a democrat. Secondly, I

participated in the last one put

together by President Jonathan and I

know what happened and I know

that the so-called National

Conference did not solve any of our

problems. In spite of the fact that the

National Conference was

deliberately put together by

Jonathan and his advisers in such a

skewed manner that the majority

became the minority and vice visa,

we still went to the conference and

the minority won. If you want to go

and solve a political problem, what

you do is that you know your history,

understand your politics and make

sure that you are sincere. Obasanjo

has never been sincere on anything

in his life, so how do you expect him

to put together a conference?

Do you put together a conference

by excluding the government in

power or the political institutions

which have been brought by the

government in power by the 2015

and the 2019 elections? For the

conference to be meaningful, you

will have to have a legislature which

is the law making body. When

Obasanjo was in government he had

the resources of the entire country

but he couldn’t pull this thing

through, how can he do it now when

he is an outsider?



Continued from page 7

The list below is not complete by any

means. What follows are the ethnic

groups the author has been able to

confirm exist:

Anang; Afemai; Agatu; Atyap; Agae;

Attakar; Awori; Akum; Abonema;

Batta; Bini; Bachama; Borgu; Bajju;

Bassa Nge; Bassa Nkomo; Berom;


Efik; Edo; Egbe; Eggom; Ezaa; Etulo;

Egun; Fulani; Farough; Fali; Gwari;

Gbagyi; Goemal; Higgis; Hausa; Igbo;

Ibibio; Ijaw; Itsekiri; Isoko; Ika; Idoma;

Igala; Igbira [Ebira]; Ishan; Ilaje; Ikulu;

Ikwere; Ibani; Isobo; Izi; Ikuero; Iyive;

Izere; Igede Juguns; Kalabari;

Komanton; Kutep; Kubi; Kanuri, Koma,

Lapai; Langtan; Mushere; Nupe;

Nkomo; Ngas; Ogoni; Oron;Okun;

Okrika; Obigbo Stobe; Tiv; Tappa;

Tohan; Tarohk, Uzomba, Wawa; Wuse;

Yoruba, Yagba; Zuru.

At least six of those ethnic groups have

larger population than Fulani – Hausa,

Igbo, Ijaw, Urhobo, Tiv and Yoruba. That

fact alone should serve as caution to the

Fulani who might be taking this matter

lightly. Peace is more in their own interest.

Now, let us turn briefly to two issues

raised by Obasanjo and examine their

implications before we allow the

herdsmen/farmers/communities clashes

to degenerate into war.

“Spontaneous or planned reprisals

against the Fulani which may

inadvertently or advertently mushroom

into pogrom or Rwanda-type genocide

that we did not believe could happen and

yet it happened.”

Anyone who imagines that another civil

war will resemble the 1967-70 war must

go and have his head examined. The rest

of Nigeria will not gang up against Igbos

this time. Chances are that it will be

between the regions perceiving they are

being oppressed and their presumed


“Very onerous cloud is gathering. And

rain of destruction, violence, disaster, and

disunity can only be the


Obasanjo has summarised

the situation perfectly. We

might be approaching the

point of no return. I was in

the US during the civil war;

so it is impossible for me to

describe how people felt on

both sides of that war. But, I

have visited 22 states since

January this year. Even

without a war declared,

there is already a sense of

disunity which was not there

under Balewa, Gowon,

Murtala Muhammed,

Shagari, Babangida, even

murderous Abacha,

Abubakar and Yar’Adua –

all former Nigerian leaders

from the North. Never have

many ethnic groups felt the

sense of injustice so keenly as

to want to revolt.

“There is nothing more

dangerous than for a leader

to look back and discover

there is nobody following.”

US President, Lyndon

Johnson, 1908-1973.

Two recent events have

demonstrated how

increasingly isolated the

political leadership in Abuja

is from the people of Nigeria today. They

announced the establishment of a Fulani

Radio Station for herdsmen and RUGA. I

will touch only RUGA. The introduction

of RUGA or Cattle Settlement, which was

a bold step in the right direction, had

turned into a farcical fiasco because of

poor management by Federal

Government officials. What should have

been a national policy on the

establishment of cattle ranches and

approved grazing lands in the interim

had been allowed to degenerate into a

conflict between FG and herdsmen on

one side and almost the rest of Nigeria on

What should have

been a national

policy on the

establishment of

cattle ranches and

approved grazing

lands in the

interim had been

allowed to

degenerate into a

conflict between

FG and herdsmen

on one side and

almost the rest of

Nigeria on the



the other. At the moment, finding a

nationally acceptable Public-Private-

Partnership, PPP, solution, backed by

appropriate laws, is foreclosed while we

fight. The problem remains unsolved.

That is just plain stupidity. More frightful

is the gradual slide from that unfortunate

lack of thought to battle cries all over.



The Nigerian political leadership is

now in the untenable situation of losing

most of the people. The South is now

solidly against RUGA. Parts of the

Middle Belt are not following. We are

now witnessing the emergence of another

northern dissident group – the Shi’ites –

whose increasing militancy could soon

rival, if not surpass, Boko Haram in terms

of the violence they can unleash. When a

group claiming to have 21 million

members declare their readiness to die,

reasonable people should understand

that it is not their intention to die alone

without taking others down with them.

When Shi’ite shooting, if allowed, starts,

peace in the North could be gone for

several decades. Stoking the embers of

Shi’ite insurgency is what can only be

called Executive lawlessness. If El-

Zakzaky dies in detention, nobody can

prevent trouble in Nigeria.

Intractable under-development of

Nigeria is already posing a serious

challenge to the nation’s security. Large

chunks of the funds we need for

education, infrastructure, food supply,

power and health is now being thrown

away battling Boko Haram, kidnappers

and now bandits. Does it require rocketscience

intelligence for anybody to

understand that we cannot afford another





“Ehinkule lóta wa; ile laseni ngbe”

(Yoruba adage). Translation: “The enemy

is in the backyard; the traitor lives with

us inside the house.”

The Presidency advised

that the murder of Pa

Fasoranti’s daughter, Mrs

Olakunrin, should not be

politicised. Sensible

counsel but likely to be

ignored. In fact, the

condolence visit of one of

the leaders of the APC to

the bereaved old man,

followed by an interview

with reporters, is a clear

demonstration that politics

without boundaries is now

the vogue. South-West

political leaders are at risk.

The leader had sensibly

admonished Nigerians not

to “stigmatise” a particular

group and hold them

responsible for this and all

atrocities. If he had made

that statement four years

ago at the height of his

popularity, there would

have been no dispute.

Today, with the SW up in

arms against herdsmen,

that utterly sensible

suggestion has become

proof beyond reasonable

doubt that the fellow is not

in tune with the Yoruba


To understand how serious the situation

is, the person who uttered the Yoruba

adage above served beer to everybody

when Buhari was re-elected in February

and showered praises on the leader. In

March this year, suspected herdsmen

invaded his father’s farm at Iseyin and

destroyed it. Today, the easiest way to get

him angry is to mention herdsmen. As far

as he is concerned, APC leaders no longer

represent his interest. He is ready for

battle if it comes.

FG better listen to Obasanjo instead of

shooting the messenger because they

don’t like the message.


OBASANJO: We don’t need

fresh National Conference

—S/South leaders

•Ask FG to implement Jonathan’s 2014 Confab Report

By Emma Amaize, Regional

Editor, Niger Delta, Jimitota

Onoyume (Asst News Editor), Egufe

Yafugborhi, Davies Iheamnachor,

Perez Brisibe, Harris Emmanuel

and Chioma Onuegbu

THE people of the South-South

geo-political zone have said that

there was no need for another

National Conference as suggested on

Monday by former President Olusegun

Obasanjo, advising that the

recommendations of the 2014 National

Conference be implemented, instead of

convening a fresh one.

Those who spoke to Sunday Vanguard,

however, commended Obasanjo for his

bluntness and passion for the country, but

said the country has had many National

Conferences and doing nothing with the


2014 Confab examined

every aspect of Nigeria’s

quagmire – Nkanga

National Chairman of Pan Niger Delta

Forum, PANDEF, the umbrella group of

traditional rulers, leaders and

stakeholders of the coastal states of

Niger Delta and former military

administrator of Akwa Ibom State, Air

Commodore Idongesit Nkanga (ret.),

said, “Well, it is former President

Obasanjo that wrote that letter, but it has

been mishandled by the administration.

Whether you like his face or not, forget

about the messenger, look at the message.

What he (Obasanjo) has said there in the

letter is a reflection of what is happening

in Nigeria. Moreover, I think what he is

just saying is that if we do not do this;

crisis is knocking on our door.

“And then, right thinking Nigerians

should see what he has said, forget about

who said it. You see, our problem is that

when they tell us the way we are going

might not augur well, those

at the lower level will say it

is not my portion, and then

those at the higher level will

say those people are not

patriotic, instead of us

examining the issue.

“Even if it is a mad man

that said something, look at

it first because there might

be something in there. So

the attitude of government is

disappointing, to say the

least. However, having said

so, he (Obasanjo) suggested

National Conference, my

worry about it is that we

have had so many and we

have not implemented the

report of any of them.

“Maybe being that he is

the one that suggested it, he

might also go further to give

the modalities, those who

should be there and those

who should not be there. I

think he has said so also. It

is for government to look at

it and say is it necessary? If

it is not necessary, let us go

back and implement the

reports of earlier ones, like the 2014


“If you tell Nigerians that you are

going to implement it now, everybody will

be quiet, and the issue of calling for

another National Conference will not be


“But if you do not do that, the possibility

is that if you call another National

Conference, it will be difficult to bring



the quality of people that were at the 2014

Confab together again, because some of

them actually went there then not because

of anything.

“They are not looking for relevance or

anything because they have outgrown

that, they are actually people who want

Nigeria united and


“However, if you go and

call them again when you

The main thrust

of the letter is

insecurity and he

wants a large

meeting where

all stakeholders

can deliberate,

but there can’t be

a better National

Conference than

the one we did in


did not implement the

other one, they will think

that you are just joking. I

will probably amend

Obasanjo’s suggestion by

saying let them go and

implement the 2014

National Confab report. If

you do that today, Nigeria

will be at peace, the

temperature will go


“You might have a

handful of them, who

probably are not thinking

well about this country. Let

them take time to look at

the over 600

recommendations of the

2014 Conference. There is

no aspect of our national

life that is in trouble today

that was not considered.”

On why the Buhari

administration is shying

away from implementing

the 2014 report, he

responded, “Having been a participant,

in fact, there was no decision that was not

by consensus. We had every part of this

country represented, every ethnic group,

every religious group, gender at the 2014


“Now, I am aware even while we were

at that conference that a handful of them

were not happy. Those same people are

the ones that are at forefront of what is



going on now. In addition, they even

swore at that time that nobody will

implement the recommendations.

Unfortunately, former President

Goodluck Jonathan did not have enough

time to implement them”.

2014 Confab Report

contains answers to

our problems – Prof.


A prominent Niger Delta leader and

Chairman of PANDEF in Delta State, Prof.

Godini Darah, for his part, applauded

Obasanjo’s letter to President Buhari, but

added that only the report of the 2014

National Conference organized by the

administration of former President

Jonathan can save Nigeria.

His words: “Only the report of the 2014

National Conference can save Nigeria.

“It was proper that he (Obasanjo)

expressed his views not only to the

President but also made it public in order

to expand the discussion.

“The main thrust of the letter is

insecurity and he wants a large meeting

where all stakeholders can deliberate,

but there can’t be a better National

Conference than the one we did in 2014.

“It is okay to call people from various

nooks to assess the situation, but that will

be fruitful if the report of the National

Conference is taken into consideration

because the issues that are now troubling

Nigeria have been resolved by the 2014

National Conference.

“We also addressed the issue of

restructuring and that program will take

care of what is happening today

particularly insecurity.

“Though I cannot say they should not

advocate for another conference, the

country can gather again for that, but the

2014 report should be the basis of that

interaction because all the issues raised

by Obasanjo are to help Mr. President to

overcome his limitations. Every of those

matters were covered in the report of


Forget another

conference – Anabs

PANDEF in Rivers State and Ogbakor

Ikwerre Cultural Organisation

Worldwide also rejected the call for

another conference, demanding the

implementation of the report of the 2014


The two bodies equally stated that what

the nation required now was

restructuring, adding that restructuring

would terminate insecurity.

Spokesperson for the state chapter of

PANDEF, Chief Sara-Igbe Anabs, said in

Port Harcourt: “I thank him (Olusegun

Obasanjo) so much for speaking. The fact

is that he was President of this country,

but he could not do anything to better the

lot of the people.

“He ruled for eight years and could not

develop the country. I am tired of our

leaders coming to claim righteousness

after they had goofed in office. Obasanjo

should look at himself first before he


“We do not need another conference.

What is the need for another jamboree?

We had a conference before and we

discussed. Let them implement the report

of the conference.

“All we need is true federalism. If each

state is allowed to manage its resource

and we contribute to the centre, the

nation will be better and stronger”.

Restructuring is

the way out – Prof


The President of Ogbakor Ikwerre, a

former Vice Chancellor of Rivers State

University (then Rivers State University

of Science and Technology), Prof. Simeon

Achinehu, said: “We do not need another

conference. Let us look at the conferences

we had before and implement their

reports, like the recent one organized by

immediate past President Goodluck


“The nation is sick. There is no animal

that walks on three legs. I think the time

has come when we should have the fourth

tier. All we need at the time is


“Like the United States of America, the

federating units are very important. Each

state produces what it has and sends

revenue to the centre, by this all the

federating units are active and

developing at their pace.

“A situation where each state develops

what it has is what we need, by this we

will have a working system. We must

have equality of states.

“If the resource in the North is cattle,

then they should harness and send to us

and make returns to the centre. I do not

believe in another conference, rather they

should implement the report of the last


“Restructuring will settle the problem

of insecurity. There is insecurity in the

country because of the lopsidedness”.

I am with Obasanjo

– IYC leader

President of parallel Ijaw Youth

Council, IYC, Mr. Eric Omare, stated, “I

support the call by former President

Olusegun Obasanjo for a National

Confab to address the security challenges

in different parts of the country.

“This is necessary because if the nation

does not take urgent and decisive steps,

the current security challenges may lead

to breakdown of law and order.

“In respect of form, such a confab

should have stakeholders from different

strata of the society ranging from political

to religious organisations, communities,

women, youths, professionals and

regional organizations to agree on what

needs to be done to resolve the security


“The opposition by some regions to

some of the policies proposed by

government such as RUGA is because of

the absence of national consensus. I

strongly believe that such a conference

will build the required consensus to

resolve our national problems”.



Peace of mind, the

secret of my ageless

beauty —Omawumi


Even after two children, vocal powerhouse, Omawumi Megbele,

popularly known as Omawumi has managed to remain ageless, unlike

some women who gradually lose shape after childbirth.

In a chat with Potpourri, the delectable nightingale revealed how she has managed

to maintain her beauty and physique.

“The secret of my ageless beauty is having a peace of mind. Peace, not like the

world gives, but peace from the throne of grace. I don’t let a lot of things stress

me; and even when they manage to, I try to sort it out and dump it in o n e

corner. I’m not the kind of person that dwells with stress. I just enjoy life”,

she revealed.

The singer who recently released a body of work titled ‘In her

feelings’ explained the inspiration behind it and why it seems all of

the songs were about her.

“Basically the LP is just about me ‘in my feelings’. Sometimes,

when I write stories and I get inspiration, I write from other

people’s back stories. So ‘In her feelings’ is pretty much me;

every song I wrote and everything I was talking about, from

socio-political issues to just taking life easy, to just relaxing

and not fusing over things and love, in the relatable sense

of it was just all me”, she said.

She also explained why one of the songs was written

specially for her husband.

“I’ve never done it before and this is how many years

now that we’ve known each other. If I’ve done it before

it’s usually out of quarrel. Maybe he does something

very little to me then I’ll magnify it and use it to

write a song. So, this is pretty much the first time

that I’m intentionally making music and dedicating

it to him. And he was happy I did.”

Speaking further, she explained why she released a

couple of sensual photos of herself prior to the LP

release. “I released those sensual pictures before the

release of my LP because they were basically in line

with the LP. And being very vibey and sultry, I wasn’t

forcing it. I was just in a place where I felt the need

to interpret it. There’re a lot of times when we as

women feel like we don’t feel pretty enough within

ourselves. We might be but we’re busy, if we’re not chasing

our children around we’re busy with their school issues or

any other thing. So sometimes, it’s just good to make yourself

look pretty, seem pretty and then when you look at yourself

you’re happy that you’ve still got beauty.”

Baddyoosha, Small Doctor,

Qdot capture soul of street

in new song “911”

ubai-based Nigerian musician cum producer and

Dbusinessman, Badmus Akeem O, popularly known as Baddyoosha

who has been dubbed severally as the unseen hand behind most street

artistes in Nigeria has captured the soul of the street in his new song “911”

released July 19, 2019 on various platforms like iTunes, Boomplay,

Appstore and Google Play. The single, which features street music

top notchers like Small Doctor and Qdot is a tip of the iceberg

from his soon-to-be released EP titled “STREET”

The eclectic beat, rapacious rhythm and intoxicating memes

and rap will surely launch “911' on top of any street-themed

playlist. It was mixed and mastered by Drumphase with the

support of the Oosha Empire. Baddyoosha, Small Doctor

and Qdot packed a punch with their street swag in the song

to deliver a masterpiece that will get the street buzzing

again with some sort of attitude.

With close to a million followers on Instagram and being

followed by almost everyone that is anyone in the music

industry Baddyoosha is sure to bring his influence to bare on

“911”, and soon make it a street anthem.

Over the years the head honcho behind Oosha Empire, Badmus

Akeem O a.k.a Baddyoosha has discovered many faceless talents

and transformed them into a force to reckon with in the industry.

Fondly referred to as ‘Daddy Street’, he’s been instrumental to the

success of many popular street artistes ruling the scene now.

He is a businessman, first and foremost, who owns a audio and visual equipment

company in Dubai known as Oosha Empire Audio and Visual Equipment Company.

He’s also an International promoter and a musician with over 10 singles to his credit.

After his debut single ‘Esemi’ in 2014, he has gone to record hits like ‘Timbalowo,

‘Angeli, ‘Oga’, ‘Talon Shaye and many more. Next on his agenda is the EP “STREET”.


fresh season of Akpan &

Oduma, one of the mostpopular

Nigerian comedy skit

shows on YouTube and Satellite TV,

would begin showing as from

Monday, July 29, 2019.

According to Wale Adenuga Jnr.,

producer of Akpan & Oduma,

“There is never a dull moment when

Akpan and his friend, Oduma, are

involved. This new batch of episodes



Men love “covered food” not

naked one —Opeyemi Ademeso


exy and suave budding Yoruba actress, Opeyemi Ademeso has taken a swipe at

Sslay queens who paste their naked bodies all over the Internet to prove to the

world that they are sexy and the only way they could drive it home is to be unclad

or show too much of their vital regions.

“You can be well dressed and still be sexually alluring,” she said in an interview

with Potpourri, while reacting to a question on what being sexy means to her

“I feel being sexy is a way of expressing one’s inner and outer beauty which is

natural anyway but at the same time a woman can be decently sexy. Most

people tend to believe that to be sexy you have to go almost naked or reveal

vital parts of your body to get noticed but it’s a no for me, it doesn’t have to be

that deep before you can turn men on. You can be well dressed and still be

sexually alluring. Women should flaunt their endowment in a modest way with

confidence then get treated with respect because men love ‘covered food’ not

naked one that has been exposed to the sun,” she added.

She describes herself as a confident woman when it comes to handling randy

and stubborn men who wouldn’t take ‘no’ for an answer.

“Well, I believe at this age no man can get down with me without my consent.

But it’s funny how most of these men come your way to entice you with luxuries

and opportunities just to get down with you but trust me I know how to deal

with them. ‘Na only God fit help person because if you don’t know what you

want and you don’t have the spirit of being contented then one might fall for all

these cheap lies clothed in luxuries,” she quipped.

Opeyemi Ademeso, born Opeyemi Ademola and known in the industry as

‘Slay Queen’ is a mass communications graduate of Adekunle Ajasin

University. She has produced one movie, titled ‘Slay Queen’ featuring fantastic

actors like Fathia Balogun, King Patto, Tokunbo Awoga, Adeniyi Johnson,

Seyi Edun, and other delectable actors. She’s presently working on another

movie titled ‘Silent Killer,’ a true life story.

Peruzzi clears air on wearing

Davido’s leftover clothes


usic rave of the moment, Tobechukwu Victor Okoh, a.k.a Peruzzi, has

M been touted as one new generation music act who probably had it easy

in the pursuit of his passion for music. But such is hardly the case because he

also had a few experiences with the hard knocks of life while trying to find a

footing on the Nigerian music space.

Sharing one of such experiences in a chat with Potpourri, the ‘Majesty’ crooner

explained how an UBER driver absconded with money meant to book his

flight ticket to Dubai.

“There was a time Davido asked if I would love to travel to Dubai because he

•Peruzzi was there. I said “why not”, so he asked me to send my account details for him

to send me money for the flight ticket. But I mistakenly sent him the account

details of my Uber driver. He sent the money to him but it was later I realized

the mistake. When I called the UBER driver to send me the money, he blacklisted

my number. I called him with other numbers he also blacklisted them too.

Meanwhile, I didn’t know how to tell Davido that it was a wrong account

number I gave him. When I later told him he didn’t say anything. I continued

making efforts to find the UBER driver but it was fruitless. Davido later asked me to send the correct account

details and I did. The next day, I travelled to Dubai to meet him”, he said.

Speaking further, he shed light on rumour making the rounds that he wears Davido’s left over clothes.

“How would I see a cloth on my friend and can’t tell him that I like it or that I want it? That was the first time

I was seeing that designer shirt in my life. I told him I liked it and he gave it to me. So there’s nothing wrong

about that”, he said.

He added that contrary to public knowledge, he has no legal contract with Davido’s record company, David

Music Worldwide. “No, I don’t have a proper contract with Davido; Davido is my guy. He has people that have

been living with him for about 13-years and they all do not have any form of contract with him; what would they

need a contract with him for?”

Fresh episodes of 'Akpan & Oduma' coming soon

takes the duo through several

situations and relevant issues

which are currently trending

across Nigeria. Akpan & Oduma

is a unique show which is down-to-

Earth and relatable to a very wide

audience. Each episode of this new

season would debut on Mondays

exclusively our YouTube Channel

•Opeyemi Ademeso

– ‘waptvchannel’, and then the

episode would be broadcast on

wapTV’s many satellite TV

platforms over the following week.”

Akpan & Oduma stars the two

titular characters, in one of

Nigeria’s first ever series of 5-

minute Comedy Skits, featuring

regular supporting characters:

Chief Olododo, Fyne Geh, Patoski and

Sister Bridget; along with several

guest appearances by prominent

stand-up comedians, musicians, and

actors from different parts of Nigeria.

The on-going season of the hilarious

Akpan & Oduma is currently available

to watch for free on the YouTube

Channel named ‘wapTVChannel’; as

well as several

times daily on



Network via

DStv 262,

StarTimes 116,

GOtv 102,

StarSat 189,

PlayTV 275,

TStv 223, and •Wale

MyTV. Adenuga Jnr







men are only

romantic if •••

— Mobewa Oyediji

Omobewaji Oyediji, simply known on Instagram as Mo’bewa is not your

run of the mill Yoruba actress of rusty character. She’s lively, refreshing

and stylish. She belongs to the golden generation of Yoruba actresses who

are changing the old narrative into a breezy blend of glamour and class.

She’s quietly defining her path and walking it with assured gait and

confidence. In this interview she talks love, relationship, romance and the

industry. Hear her:


hy did you choose to

venture W into the Yoruba movie industry and

not the English?

I actually started with the English sector. I

just delved into the Yoruba sector early last

year and it has been wonderful but not an

easy journey so far.

What was your first experience on set


My first experience on set was amazing.

I remember my director shaking my hands

and telling me “you were made for this”

It was rumoured that top actors and

actresses bully upcoming acts into kneeling

or doing other things as part of respecting

them. How true is this?

I haven’t been told to kneel by any senior

colleague but whenever I meet my senior

colleagues, I kneel to greet them out of

respect, not because I am ordered to do so.

In which movie did you make your first

appearance and how many movies have

you done so far?

I can’t remember exactly the name of my

first movie. It’s been about 9 years now but

if you are talking about the movie that

paved way for other movies for me, it was

actually a TV series titled ‘Casino’ by Micro

Media Productions.


A good number of actors have come out

to say that the movie industry is not

lucrative. Is that why you’ve ventured into

other businesses?

The movie industry is actually a lucrative

one. A lot of producers consider it risky

giving an upcoming actress a lead role and

all. I have always loved doing business, I

like being called a business woman which

is why I run mine, not because people think

the industry isn’t lucrative.


did your parents react to your decision to


My dad didn’t exactly support the acting

thing but my mom has always been my

support system, she helped me sneak to an

audition one time and that for me was a

push and I went all the way to make not just

her but both my parents proud.

Who are your mentors in the industry?

I don’t think a

lady needs

figure eight to

be trendy. You

are beautiful

the way you

are, figure eight

or not

My mentors in the industry are Funsho

Adeolu and the delectable Omotola Jalade-

Ekeinde. I came into the industry through

Funsho Adeolu. He is a great man and a

great boss. He is more like family; he saw

my zeal and helped with the dream.

Are you of the opinion that a lady should

be figure eight to stay trendy?

I don’t think a lady needs figure 8 to be

trendy. You are beautiful the way you are,

figure 8 or not. Nobody should body

shame you or make you feel less of

yourself in any way because

everyone is unique in their own


Cinema movies, TV

series or home videos,

which do you prefer

and which should be

improved upon?

I prefer TV series

and home videos

because not

everyone has the

opportunity to visit

the cinema and

even if they do, not

all the time. And

yes, we need

improvement in all

areas, even with the

cinema movies too.

We can always do


What has been

your experience

with love?

My experience

with love has been a

very funny and crazy

one, but it can only get

better. I am currently in a

relationship and I love

every bit of it. I can still

remember my ex telling me

to quit acting because he

wouldn’t want to get married to

an actress but no, I wouldn’t give

up on my dreams because of a man,

and now I am with someone who loves

and appreciates what I do.

Are Nigerian men romantic?

Nigerian men are romantic if they are

genuinely in love with you. My ideal man

has to be God-fearing before anything else. I

am a strong believer and so he must also

fear God. He has to be hardworking,

intelligent, good looking and my number 1


How in your opinion should partners

bond when in a relationship?

Sex is not overrated as everyone thinks. It

is beautiful as it was designed by God.

Having it in marriage makes it extra

beautiful. Partners can bond in relationships

by getting to know each other through dates,

getaways and asking questions.

Do you have a celebrity crush?

Yes of course. My celebrity crush is

Terrence Jenkins

Are you into any charity or CSR

organization or projects?

Yes I am. I should launch my foundation

soon and it will cater for orphans and

widows. I can’t let out too much information

on that yet until we are ready for the launch.

In your opinion, are movies really

important to the society?


I think movies are

actually important. A lot of

people watch movies and they can learn

from it and also relate it to their real life


What’s your greatest movie of all time?

My greatest movie of all times is Titanic

What are your dreams, hope and

aspiration for the next five years?

My dream, hope and aspiration for the

next five years is that I’d have graduated

from a very good film school abroad.

Hollywood is actually my focus. I hope to go

and make Nollywood proud over there. I

should also be married with kids in five

years and in all these moments, I want to be

a vessel for God’s use.

Give a brief background about yourself

My name is Omobewaji Oyediji. I am an

actress, a writer, a model and an

entrepreneur. I’m a single lady from Osun

State. I attended Leso-Rond Nursery,

Primary and Secondary School in Gbagada,

Lagos. I have two Bachelor degrees; one in

accounting which I got in 2015 and the

other in mass communications which I got

in 2017, both from the University of Lagos. I

was born in Lagos and I’m the third child

and only girl of the family.


Many political leaders

have failed us

With respect to the

complicated cri

sis at the Edo

State House of Assembly,

Governor Godwin Obaseki

and his immediate predecessor,

Adams Oshiomhole

must have since failed

many of their admirers. For

us, the intervention of the

House of Representatives is

a greater disappointment.

When names of some Edo

representatives who initiated

the move to investigate

the crisis in their state assembly

was disclosed, any

person familiar with the unwholesome

political culture

of the state could guess

with some degree of precision,

the likely real sponsor

of the motion. No wonder,

the House immediately

raised a team to investigate

the matter leading to a

prompt resolution ordering

the security agencies to shut

the Assembly. But then, to

ascertain the prediction of

who the sponsor is, would

be as hard as identifying the

same hidden hands that surreptitiously

postponed the

governorship election in the

state in 2016. The leaders

of the House of Representatives

failed us by taking

sides in the crisis; they know

that the crisis in the state is

not about legislators and

decent inauguration; rather,

the crisis is about how to

recreate Ambode in Edo by

stopping Obaseki’s second


Is not curious that the All

Progressives Congress APC

has been unable to use its

party machinery to resolve

a dispute between law makers

in a state legislature

made up entirely of only

their own members? We are

sad that the party encouraged

their leaders in the federal

House to complicate

the subject which has now

led to the obnoxious order

to the Police to shut the Assembly

despite a court order

restraining the security

operatives from getting involved

in the same matter.

It is also disheartening that

the House acted as if the

Senate was excluded from

the constitutional provision

which influenced her action.

If for instance, the Senate

after its own investigation

issues a contrary directive

what choice would the

security agencies have? We

are unhappy that the House

led by Barrister Gbajabiamila

did not remember

that the section of the constitution

which empowers

them to take over the functions

of a state assembly

also prohibits them from

removing the governor.

Well, as pained as we are,

we have not been stopped

from appreciating the

Speaker for something else

- his commendable appointment

of a handicapped

citizen, Abdulsalam

Idowu Kamaldeen

as his Special Assistant on

Needs/Equal opportunities.

If the Speaker can so appoint

his personal staff, that

meet his satisfaction, why

can’t the Senate President

similarly act? This question

arises because of the decision

of Senator Ahmad Lawan,

the President of the

Senate to withdraw the appointment

of Dr Festus

Adedayo as Special Adviser

on Media and Publicity

following what has been

described as a public outcry

that greeted the appointment,

barely 48 hours

after its announcement.

There was the story that

many APC supporters had

invaded the social media

space to argue that Adedayo

did not deserve the

position because of his critical

views on the APC government

of President Muhammadu

Buhari, as regularly

expressed in his articles

in the media. A statement

by Muhammad Isa,

the Special Assistant to the

Senate President on Media

and Publicity that the appointment

was rescinded in

Adedayo’s best interest did

not help matters. Even an

opposition politician, can

be appointed to hold an office

where the appointing

authority sees him as an

asset. The Senate President

failed us by agreeing with

small minds to withdraw

his appointment of a journalist

who was critical of

his political party. Perhaps,

We are sad that the

party encouraged

their leaders in the

federal House to

complicate the

subject which has

now led to the

obnoxious order to

the Police to shut the

Assembly despite a

court order

restraining the

security operatives

from getting involved

in the same matter.

we need to enlighten the

APC on the merits of criticism

and dissuade her from

penalizing political dissent

and turning Nigeria into a

one-party state.

We are encouraged to

make this point because of

another report that the Kaduna

State House of Assembly

declined to confirm one

Aliyu Abubakar, nominated

by Governor Nasir el-

Rufai as a commissioner in

the state. According to

Aminu Shagali, the Speaker

of the State House of Assembly,

who presided over

the screening, “the nominee’s

rejection followed his

criticism of the el-Rufai’s

policy in 2017 on his Facebook

handle.” Based on

this, the nominee was overwhelmingly

rejected by the

Assembly. Briefing the media

after the session, Tanium

Musa chairman, House

Committee on Media and

Public Affairs, said because

“the evil that men do live

after them, Jaafaru who

has been a critic of the state

government on social media

was rejected.” He reportedly

questioned why

the nominee now wants to

work with the same governor.

Unfortunately, no journalist

at the briefing had

sufficient courage, wisdom

and knowledge to draw attention

to the fact that governor

el rufai was well

known for speaking truth to

power. Indeed, the governor

recently revealed that when

he was a member of President

Obasanjo’s cabinet, a

large majority of his colleagues

except himself and

perhaps three others, never

had the courage to tell

Obasanjo the truth for fear

of job security. Of course, if

the Kaduna legislators

were on the same page with

their governor, they would

not have stopped the only

man that could tell el Rufai

some truths. But why did the

governor not rebuke such

an Assembly which like

many others in the states

have no mind of their own?

In 2016, the 8th Senate

rejected another Aliyu Abubakar

who had been nominated

by President Muhammadu

Buhari as a commissioner

in the Nigeria Communication


(NCC). Aliyu was rejected

along with Yisa Ezekiel a

former Speaker of the

Kwara State House of Assembly

on grounds of inad-

equate qualification and

cognate experience in the

fields stipulated in the law

for appointment of NCC

Commissioners. But then,

critics can recall that on the

day of the screening, Aliyu

virtually took the senate to

the cleaners when the legislators

sought to chastise

him for his strong censure

of the Senate in the past. As

the Kaduna Assembly recently

did to the rejected

nominee mentioned earlier,

the Senate confronted

Aliyu with evidence of his

criticism of the legislative

arm of government, including

leading protests at the

gates of the National Assembly.

Aliyu simply restated

his position and that of

the common man that the

Senate had served as an avenue

for wastage of scarce

economic resources of the

country and should therefore

be abolished to save the

country’s finances.

We are tempted to believe

that the 8th Senate rejected

the nominee simply because

of his strong views on

the Upper Chamber. Our

view is premised on the fact

that the same nominee has

now been cleared by the

present Senate on re-nomination

by President Buhari

with nothing added to his

previously rejected credentials.

Either way, we have

problems with our leaders.

If the 8th Senate rejected a

mere critic, their leadership

failed us. If on the other

hand, the present Senate

cleared a man with inadequate

credentials, their

leadership which many

people suspect would be a

rubber stamp of the executive,

has similarly failed us.

When added to the failure

of the federal legislators as

well as that of their Edo

colleagues, are we not unlucky?

At the moment, Nigeri

ans are becoming in

creasing worried and

disgusted with the quantum of

financial rascality still going

on in an administration that

claims to be fighting corruption

better than its predecessors.

The way I see it, given

what has transpired since President

Muhammadu Buhari

assumed power, anyone who

still believes that his government

will win the war against

corruption needs the services

of a competent psychiatrist or


Those who claimed that

President Buhari, as a former

top military officer, would

improve national security

must, if they are honest, be

scratching their heads in disappointment.

To begin with,

the obvious favouritism for his

fellow Fulani in constituting

the top echelons of our security

institutions and odious

marginalisation of the Southeast

and South-south in the

process has exacerbated centrifugal

tendencies and cleavages

between northern Nigeria

and the south - sometimes

it appears as if Buhari is the

President of Fulani Republic

of Nigeria. On top of that, incidents

of armed robbery, banditry,

kidnapping, and ritual

PhD,Department of Philosophy,

University of Lagos


For and Against the All

Progressives Congress (4)

killings have grown exponentially

in the last four years.

Now, at the commencement

of his presidency, Buhari

promised to decimate Boko

Haram within a short time:

he and his military chiefs engaged

in some public relations

stunt, notable among

which is relocation of the operational

headquarters of the

counter insurgency military

campaign to Maiduguri. But

I have always argued that given

Buhari’s criticism of the

onslaught against Boko Haram

in 2014, his unabashed

support for the spread of sharia

nationwide and his call on

Muslims to support only politicians

that will defend their

faith – all of which are consonant

with the ideology of the

murderous sect – deep down

he may not really want Boko

Haram destroyed completely.

Also, his equivocations on

the actual identity of the murderous

Fulani herdsman,

coupled with his outlandish

advice on how victims should

respond to the terrorists are,

to put it in the most charitable

terms, irritatingly confusing

and duplicitous. Some

critics have alleged that what

is playing out now is part of a

grand plan or project of Islamisation

bankrolled by Saudi

Arabia, to be executed through

the infiltration of southern Nigeria

and the middle-belt by

the Fulani from across the

West African sub-region. Recent

media reports about the

accelerated increase in the

number of the Fulani

throughout southern Nigeria

and the suspended controversial

Ruga policy lend credence

to the allegation. The Fulanisation

and Islamisation

project, assuming there is anything

like that, would be disastrous

particularly for southern

Nigeria already bugged

down since 1966 by the retrogressive

unitary structure imposed

on the country by soldiers

and steadfastly consolidated,

worsened by Fulani

caliphate colonialists and

their servile collaborators

from the south and middlebelt.

Presently, the level of insecurity

all over the country is

approaching the point of no

return. Thus, President Buhari

and his cohorts who minimise

the threat by claiming that the

situation is politically motivated

(whatever that means)

and that reports about the killings,

kidnapping and robberies

nationwide are exaggerated

seem to be living in cloud

cuckoo land alienated from

the grim reality of fear Nigerians

are experiencing on a

daily basis. Because these

“pigs” in the Animal Farm

called Nigeria are enjoying

security protection paid for

with public funds, they can

The negative effects of

insecurity are already

manifesting: shrinking

investments by both

local and foreign

investors, reduced

productive activities,

noticeable decline in

nocturnal economic

engagements and

general feeling of

anxiety among the


afford to live in denial. But no

matter how fast and far selfdeception

and falsehood have

travelled, they would be overtaken

by the truth eventually.

The negative effects of insecurity

are already manifesting:

shrinking investments by both

local and foreign investors, reduced

productive activities,

noticeable decline in nocturnal

economic engagements

and general feeling of anxiety

among the population. The

conclusion is clear and

straightforward: the APC administration

of President Buhari

has failed to protect Nigerians

and their belongings.

The British philosopher, Thomas

Hobbes, could as well be

describing the Nigerian situation

when he said that life in

the state of nature was “poor,

solitary, nasty, brutish, and


Objectively considered, the

fundamental problem with

the current dispensation of

APC can be traced to the fact

that the party is under the iron

grip of agbata ekee politicians

with tunnel vision regarding

what effective leadership is all

about. In other words, beginning

from the top to the bottom

APC members see political

office as a means of enhancing

their own narrow personal

interests and reward

those that helped them capture

power. Political office, for

APC chieftains, is about satisfaction

of bulimic egoistic desires.

Take Alhaji Buhari, to

start with: what are his credentials

that make him believe

he can be a good President

for all Nigerians, not just

only for members of a particular

ethnic nationality or religion?

In my opinion, judging

by what is known publicly

about him and juxtaposing it

with what is required for good

leadership, Buhari is not suitable

to lead our disfigured

country at this time. His age

and questionable health status,

no matter the effort he and

his lackeys have made to conceal

the truth from Nigerians,

constitute a big challenge.

Moreover, I do not think that

he has the requisite knowledge,

expansive worldview

and emotional intelligence to

govern efficiently. What about

his deputy, Yemi Osinbajo,

who parades the highfalutin

titles of “Professor”, “Senior

Advocate of Nigeria” and

“Pastor?” I concede that he has

solid academic background

and professional experience.

Nevertheless, he lacks the

courage to stand up against

what is wrong and unjust by

the “cabal” Buhari’s wife

claimed to have hijacked power

from her husband. Osinbajo’s

supporters claim his laidback

attitude is a demonstration

of humility and loyalty to

the President. I disagree: the

truth is that Osinbajo is too

beholden to Buhari, which is

why he has not manifested the

kind of steely resolve needed

to push back against Abba

Kyari, Isa Funtua and so on.

Is it not infra dignitatem that

the Vice President, with the

highest titles both in the

academia and legal profession

has become an errand

boy sent by his master to distribute

the paltry sum of ten

thousand naira to traders in

the name of tradermoni? Bola

Tinubu, national leader of the

APC and staunch supporter of

the President, has a questionable

moral reputation due to

bulimic primitive accumulation

when he was governor of

Lagos State for eight years.

APC chairman, Adams Oshiomhole,

Orji Uzor Kalu, Danjuma

Goje, Nasir El-Rufai,

Godswill Obot Akpabio, Rotimi

Amaechi, Musiliu Obanikoro,

Rochas Okorocha, Abdullahi

Ganduje – the list is as

long as the River Niger – have

weighty allegations of various

misconduct hanging on their

necks. With such in positions

of power and influence, it

would be easier for a camel

to pass through the eye of a

needle than Nigeria to improve

in the next four years.

From the arguments presented

in this series, it is clear

that our country has not made

meaningful progress since the

APC came to power in 2015.

And with the re-election of

President Buhari and the ruling

party retaining its majority

in the two chambers of the

National Assembly, it is safe

to conjecture that Nigerians

will in the next four years drink

the same sour old wine from

the same cracked old wine

bottle. Therefore, I predict that

The Next Level slogan of the

APC will turn out to be, as

William Shakespeare had

Macbeth say after hearing

about the death of his wife,

Lady Macbeth, “a tale told by

an idiot, full of sound and fury,

signifying nothing.”


People on Sunday



Redeemed pastor who has

six PhDs wants more

By Olayinka Latona

Assistant General Overseer in charge of Personnel and Administration of the Redeemed

Christian Church of God, RCCG, Pastor Johnson Funsho Odesola, just celebrated

his 60th birthday. To mark the occasion, Odesola spoke to Sunday Vanguard on

his humble beginning, marital life, calling and quest for knowledge. Excerpts:

Can you reflect on your 60 years,

especially with life expectancy in Nigeria

put at 55.2?

I have always prayed to God to let me

fulfil the purpose of my earthly existence.

Even now, I don’t pray for long life but to

fulfil God’s purpose for my life. When

people pray that they want to be 70 or 80,

I don’t join them to say ‘amen’. I leave it

in the hands of God. One thing I want

and desire so much is to fulfil God’s

purpose for my life. If I finish God’s

purpose for my life today, so be it, and if

it is tomorrow, so be it. I have discovered

that life is not by duration but by

donation. I don’t just want to be long for

the sake of longevity; I want to be sure

that I have something to impart into

fellow beings. Jesus lived for 33 years,

and 2, 000 years after, we are still talking

about him while Methuselah lived a little

less than 1,000 years but nobody says

anything about him except to refer to him

on the basis of age with no recorded

achievement. Yes, I thank God that I am

60. I know it is a privilege and that means

I still have something to do for God. So,

even now, people have asked me to pray

to be 80 years, I said no. I say ‘I leave it

in the hands of God’. If I have not finished

what He configured for my destiny and

life, then He should take me through

those years and, if it is by Him, then I

will not become invalid. He will have to

supply the good health - all the tools,

food, raiment to go with it. I feel elated I

am 60 years and I am

thankful to God. I just

hand over to Him the

rest of my days.

What is the happiest

day of your life?

Before I got married,

I was stigmatized that

I was impotent. When

I got married and I saw

my first daughter, I

proved to them I am


You started your

ministry in the 1980s

despite nursing the

dream of becoming an

engineer. How come

you ended up being a

minister of God?

I am a very shy

person. I have said that

my father did not wish

that I go to school.

From where I came

from, we were all saw

millers. I hail from

Igbajo in Osun State

and my mum is Ekiti.

Actually, my great

grandfather was from

Ekiti. When I was

growing up as a young

man, my father had a

different plan for all

his male children. He

had eight installations

around Ibadan and

I have just finished

my 6th PhD but I am

doing two studies

now. It is this

insatiable and

restlessness that I

don’t know

anything that is

pushing me

environs. He will go to Ondo to get wood,

process it because he had lots of wood

processing centres. He had a plan that

none of his male children will go to school

because he had three wives, who were

always fighting over male kids. Although

he sponsored female children to school,

he did not want anyone to kill his male

children. In 1968, I was in Primary 3. One

of the people my father supported to go

to school came home from Italy. He was

the son of his senior brother. He came

home from Italy where he trained as an

engineer. He wore a pair of shoes called

Stilleto with baggy and my father’s house

had wooden stairs and decking and when

he was coming, his shoes were making

loud sound on the stairs and I was






by the sound

that I ran to my

father in his sitting

home and I told him ‘one

uncle is here’. He then reasoned

that it was Uncle Folly who he sponsored

to Italy. Later, I went to meet my father,

‘what is Uncle Folly doing’ and he said

that he was an engineer and I told him

that I will like to study engineering and

my father dismissed the idea. He told me

he had a different plan and I ran to my

mummy, who was so fond of me and

pampered me. She said I

should not worry. After I

finished primary school

in 1969-1970, my father

told me I will have to go

to Ibadan, where he will

start the process of

handling over his factory

to me. But when it was

time to pick me up, I was

not at home and, by the

time I arrived, he asked

where I was and I

restated my decision to do

what Uncle Folly did. He

called me all manner of

names but I was not

moved. In the morning, I

will eat and go and play

football and when he

realised that I was

determined, so that I will

not become a liability to

him, he put a call through

to Uncle Folly in P & T,

Kano, where Uncle Folly

was the major contractor

of NDA in Kano.

When I arrived in Kano,

my uncle asked me what

qualification I had and he

was shocked over my lack

of education. He then

linked me up with some

craftsmen where I became

an apprentice, learning

plastering of wall and

everything around

building works. After four

years, he gave me a welldesigned

certificate and I

came back to Ibadan. I thus started writing

applications as engineer. I remember I

applied to a company in Bodija, Ibadan and

the man looked at me and asked what my

academic qualifications were. I said I was

an engineer and the man, after seeing my

certificate said “you are not an engineer

but a bricklayer.” The certificate didn’t

describe me as a bricklayer, but a mason.

Angrily, I tore the certificate and went back

home and began to ask around what it takes

to be an engineer and people told me that I

had to write GCE and WASCE. I went back

to the man who called me a bricklayer with

my equipment and begged him that I

wanted to work, do two or three days in a

week and, for the rest of the week, prepare

for my GCE. I

passed two subjects as

an external candidate.

This I took to Ilesa and I was admitted into

Form Five in one of the schools there. I spent

one year and I made my papers.

What did you do next?

The question of what to do afterwards was

an issue because my subjects’ combination

did not allow me to do what I wanted to do.

I was offered preliminary medicine in

University of Maiduguri, which I turned

down, but I got admission to Ibadan Poly

to study technical and building

engineering. While I was doing the ND

programme, I was sitting for professional

courses that will qualify me as a building

engineer, which I eventually passed. When I

finished my ND and I was working, somehow

the father of a roommate had a project and

they had a challenge doing the project and

my roommate mistakenly brought the project

plan to my room. They had contacted United

Kingdom and some people flew in from Italy.

While I sighted it, I told my friend I could help,

even after they had hired experts from Italy. I

got to the project site and I told them what to

do and the problem was solved. My friend’s

father was so excited that he paid for my

graduation and he also promised me a job

after school, which he eventually did.

Meanwhile, in my final year, God had been

talking to me about working for him. As I

joined the company, they made me the Project

Manager for their plants and housing estate

in Ibadan. One day after work, I had a snake

bite and, in agony, I cried out to God why and

I heard a voice telling me that I had been

operating in disobedience. I said no and God

told me that he took me through the journey I

went through so that I could serve Him. I

responded I was already His servant and he

said no. I then asked God whether He will

heal me. I told people around to take me home

so I can bid farewell to my wife. My wife was

pregnant and she was told her husband had

been bitten by snake. She went straight to

the church. It was the day of Bible study.

People came and prayed over it and that was

the end. From that time, my wife told me that

she did not want to be a widow. She was one

of the major instruments God used for me

to come into the ministry. When I came to

Pastor Adeboye that I wanted to serve God,

I did not tell him it was going to be a full

time work. But I knew what I was supposed

to do in the youth ministry, so, I told him

that the Lord wanted me to serve Him in

the campus fellowship already launched.

Daddy Adeboye looked at me and said I

should meet Pastor Odeyemi, who is also

an Assistant General Overseer but his

assistant then. He told me to take the title

of Travel Secretary to campuses. By the

time I did one year, RCCG churches in the

North was one, and located in Kaduna,

which controlled Kano and Jos. The man

who was there left the church and changed

the name. But Pastor Adeboye instructed

me to go to the North and put the pieces

left by the pastor together, so that the church

will not scatter. It was while I was there

that the call of God became clearer and the

entire North was put under my supervision.

I moved from the North to Zambia and then

the rest of the world. From Zambia, we

planted churches in Kenya and South


How do you balance marriage with


Because my wife was instrumental to my

accepting the call of God upon my life, I

always reminded her that ‘I don’t want to

do this but you encouraged me’. That gave

me ample opportunity for me to do God’s

work. She did well with my children

because my children either wanted to

marry a pastor or they wanted to be a

pastor. My concern in life was not really

about me but my children; how they will

not hate the God I serve. But I thank God

that all of them are doing well for the Lord.

You have six PhD degrees, four master’s

degrees and four first degrees. Why the

insatiable quest for knowledge?

I don’t think I know anything. What is

stirring my interest in academics is just that

the level that I did not know nothing. To be

frank with you, I thank God I have not done

anything. I have not seen God raise the

dead through me. But I have seen our

Daddy in the Lord, Pastor Adeboye, raise

the dead. It is not fiction. What stirs my

reading is the fact that I don’t know. The

youths of my parish and my family have

held meetings over me saying that I am

over-challenging them and I said ‘no, I

am only challenging myself because I

don’t know anything’. I have just finished

my 6th PhD but I am doing two studies

now. It is this insatiable and restlessness

that I don’t know anything that is

pushing me. I have a Bachelors’ Degree

in Christian Education, Theology,

Musicology, and Master’s in

Communication, Christian Education,

Cultural Anthropology Study and Law. I

have Doctoral Degrees in Theology,

Christian Education, Business

Administration, Law, and Cultural

Anthropology with 40 different

fellowships. I have authored 150 books.

The place of knowledge for ministers of

God cannot be over-emphasised.

Everyone that knows will control those

that don’t know. If you are not informed,

you will be deformed.


on Sunday


Gory tales from

‘death spot’

•Policemen asked for fuel money to convey our

dying madam to hospital – Driver

•Family faults police theory on bandits

•Villagers allege rape, say armed men usually

emerge from forest, strike and run back

•The late Olufunke Olakunri

By Dayo Johnson, Akure

“WHEN beggars die, there are no

comets seen; The heavens

themselves blaze forth the death of

princes” - William Shakespeare

THIS allusion is apt following

the deluge of reactions that

trailed the gruesome murder

of Mrs Olufunke Olakunri, daughter

of the National Leader of the Yoruba

socio-political group, Afenifere, Pa

Reuben Fasoranti, since the incident

happened 10 days ago.

The murder shook the nation and

is undoubtedly a trying time for the

nonagenarian politician who lost his

58-year-old daughter.

Funke, as the deceased was fondly

called, left behind her husband of

over 30 years, ldowu, two daughters,

Feyisike and Oyindamola, and


This death and hundreds of others

before it could have been averted,

according to many Nigerians, had

government applied a pragmatic

approach to the insecurity

bedevilling the country for many

years now.

The inability of government to find

lasting solution to persistent

herdsmen/farmers clashes in many

parts of the country had snowballed

into kidnapping, killing and raping

of innocent children and their

mothers in farms, maiming and the

shedding of blood.

Now the home of the 94-year-old

father of the deceased has become a

Mecca of sorts as the nation’s

political leaders, including former

President Goodluck Jonathan, Vice

President Prof. Yemi Osinbajo,

governors, former governors,

National Assembly members, state

lawmakers, political associates and

religious leaders, thronged the

Akure residence of Fasoranti to pay

condolences on daily basis.

In an emotion-laden voice, the

bereaved patriarch told Sunday

Vanguard, “We are in a war period.

We are under siege. The worst thing

is that our people cannot go to their

farms because these killers are

there. Our farmlands have been

destroyed by these herders. We just

need to pray to God for his


“President Muhammadu Buhari

should put a stop to all these

killings. It has gotten out of hand”.

Apart from the driver, Tayo

Ogundare, also in the vehicle with

the deceased, were the housemaid,

Vivian Justice, and a member of the

family, Boluwaji Iwajomo.

Funke had been travelling from

Akure, where she had gone to see

her father, among others, to Lagos,

where she was based, when

assailants struck on Benin-Ore-

Sagamu Expressway penultimate

Friday afternoon.

Some villagers and farmers

interviewed at the scene of the

incident, known as NIROWI, Kajola

community near Ore, said that when

the attack happened, it was raining

and that the hoodlums had their

hideout in the government forest

reserve in the area.

A former senator who represented

Ondo South at the Senate, Boluwaji

Kunlere, confirmed that hoodlums

had been operating around where

Olakunrin was killed for a long time.

“l think the police do not have the

manpower to ensure adequate

security in the area. The expressway

(Benin-Ore-Sagamu Expressway) is

where the major problem is. The

spot (Kajola) where they killed Baba

Fasoranti’s daughter falls between

Odigbo and Okitipupa Local

Government Areas”, Kunlere said.

“The people

living close to the

area said herdsmen

had taken over that

area and that there

was a time a bishop

was abducted and

the police rescued

him in that area.

Herdsmen are all

over the forest.

“We see them

between Omotosho

and Igbotako. They

graze their cows on

the road, strike and

run back into the


Our madam

could have

survived if...

– Driver

Narrating how

the killers snuffed

life out of Funke,

the driver of the

Land Cruiser SUV,

marked LAGOS

AAA 147 FM,

We are under siege.

The worst thing is

that our people

cannot go to their

farms because

these killers are


Ogundare, told Sunday Vanguard at

the ljapo residence of the Fasorantis,

“We left Akure for Lagos. We stopped

over at Ore toll gate to buy soft drinks.

After leaving the scene, we had not

driven more than five minutes when we

started hearing gunshots”.

He said the attackers may have been

notified about their movement from the

spot where they stopped over at Ore.

“It was like we were their target

because the shooting was concentrated

on our car while a Sienna bus marked

ABUJA KUJ 345 S J coming behind us

was shot only once”, the driver said.

“Madam, who was sitting at the back

of the car, said I should reverse the car.

As I wanted to put the car on reverse

gear, some masked men, about 20,

jumped from the bush to the expressway

and rained bullets on the car.

“Before we knew what was happening,

another set of people, also masked,

jumped out from the opposite side of the

road and shot at the side where madam

was sitting.

“A bullet entered the vehicle through

the back door, pierced the seat belt used

by madam before hitting

her on the side”.

Sunday Vanguard

noticed that a shot was

fired at the front

passenger’s seat of the

SUV by the attackers who

possibly believed that the

owner was with a police

escort while two shots were

fired at the owner’s side

and one directly at where

the car battery was placed

ostensibly to demobilize the

car if the driver refused to


“The car was still moving

and suddenly one of the

killers shot at the front tyre

and the car hit the culvert

and somersaulted”, the

driver said.

“Everybody (in the car)

was panicky and the car

stopped. I jumped out of

the broken windscreen with

the housemaid and we both

ran into the bush.

“We heard several

Continues on page 19


on Sunday

•Funke and husband, ldowu Olakunri

•Funke (right), husband (left) and daughter, Oyindamola

Continued from page 18

gunshots from where we were hiding

inside the bush. It was later that we

heard police siren and we came out.

“At this point, madam was still

breathing and the police asked us to

bring money for fuel so that she could

be taken to hospital.

“We begged them to assist us in

taking our madam to hospital. But one

of them asked us to bring N1,000 to

fuel their vehicle.

“Our madam would have survived if

not for the delay in taking her to

hospital. We later heard that she died

in hospital”.

Maid: I notified the

Fasorantis about attack

The house maid, Vivian, also gave

her own account of the attack.

Her words: “When we started

hearing gunshots, madam said ‘what

was that?’ And I said maybe policemen

escorting some white men were the

ones shooting.

“But when it was persistent, madam

asked the driver to reverse so as not to

run into those shooting.

“As the driver was reversing, the

killers shot at the car severally and the

car stopped after somersaulting. I

jumped out of the car and, because my

phone was still in my hand, I started

calling madam’s people in Akure

inside where I was hiding. The driver

left his own phone inside the car.

“After about 30 minutes, people who

also left their cars on the expressway

started coming out of the bush.

“While the attack was going on, for

almost 20 minutes, we did not see any

security agent. They later came and

took madam to hospital. We were later

told that she died.

“We were taken to the police station

where officers asked us questions”.

Family faults police on

bandits claim

Also speaking with Sunday

Vanguard, the younger brother of the

deceased, Kehinde Fasoranti, a

pharmacy, disagreed with the police

that the killers were armed robbers.

Ondo State Police Commissioner,

Udie Adie, had said the attackers were

bandits and not herdsmen.

Kehinde accused the police chief of

lying regarding the identity of the


“I visited the police

station in Ore town

shortly after the

incident and I was told

by officers on duty that

those who operated

and shot Mrs.

Olakunrin were

herdsmen”, the

bereaved brother said.

“We need to get the

story straight. The way

they operated,

according to what the

police said in Ore, is

the way herdsmen


“Six people were in

front shooting at them.

The driver put the car

in reverse but,

unknown to him, some

men were in the bush

and started shooting

from the side and at the


“The story that these

are just bandits is a lie.

If you want records, request for the

report I made at Ore police station.

They categorically said the attackers

were herdsmen.

“It’s about time we stood up and

fight back. Nobody is protecting us.

Eventually, they will come inside the

house and kidnap people.

“Enough is enough. We can’t

continue like this. I want the police

to retract what they said. They

(attackers) are herdsmen”.

What we found inside car

after attack – Relative

Sunday Vanguard was told by a

relation of the Fasorantis that

“phones, money, jewellery and other

valuables in the car were still intact

after the incident to dismiss the

insinuation that the attackers were

armed robbers”.

He added, “lf the attackers’

intention was to rob, why did they

not go away with any of the


Indeed, a farmer in one of the

villages in Akinfosile where the

attack occurred, one Omolayo

Akinyemi, confirmed that herdsmen

They have

raped our wives

on several

occasions; they

live in the


forest reserve

have been terrorising

them in the area for

years and that they

reside in the forest.

Akinyemi said that

was not the first

time they would

perpetrate the act in

the area.

He said, “They

have destroyed all

our farms.

Sometimes they

would bring their

cows while we are

sleeping to eat up

our farm produce.

“Hearing of

gunshots is a

common thing here.

We have reported to

the police but

nothing has been


Also, some

residents of one of

the communities

along the expressway

close to the ‘death

spot’ told Sunday Vanguard that

those who rob motorists and kidnap

them are herdsmen.

One of them said, “We are always

attacked by these men when we are

on the way to our farms. They have

raped our wives on several

occasions; they live in the

government forest reserve.

“The herdsmen carry out attacks

on the Lagos highway either early in

the morning or late in the evening.

They will collect the food being

taken to the farm. The police men

posted to Mile 49 from Igbotako

have been able to rescue some

travellers while they were trying to

kidnap them.

“Whenever they are operating,

they shoot sporadically to the extent

that bullets sometimes land on our


“These herdsmen are armed with

AK-47 rifles.

“We have no fewer than 60

herdsmen in the area each carrying

AK-47 and other dangerous


To buttress the claim that the

armed men terrorising the area and

motorists are herdsmen, he said,

“Through the efforts of our youths and

the assistance of policemen, we

overpowered one of the bandits and

handed him over to the police in

Igbotako. He was a herdsman and

said their sponsors were in Lagos”.

On the allegation that herdsmen

also rape women going to farms in

the communities on the expressway,

the residents narrated that a woman

was about to be raped by some

attackers and when it was

discovered that she was pregnant,

she was released.

Security beef-up

The Chairman of Odigbo council

area, Mrs Magrette Akinsuroju, said

that security had been beefed up in

the council area.

Ondo State Commissioner for

lnformation and Orientation, Donald

Ojogo, also speaking on insecurity in

the state, said, “Insecurity is almost

a nationwide issue that requires

everything to curb it”.


Meanwhile, reactions

continued to trail the

gruesome murder of Funke.

The Social Democratic Party, SDP,

demanded security overhaul with a

view to halting the spate of killings

and other crimes going on across the


The SDP, in a statement by its

Advocacy Group, quoted the National

Chairman, Professor Tunde Adeniran,

as describing the murder of the

Afenifere leader as one-death-too-many,

repugnant and unacceptable.

Also, the Deputy National Chairman

(South) of the party, Dr. Olu Agunloye,

said since the current security set up in

the country does not seem to be effective

in combating challenges, the time has

come for the Federal Government to

restructure the security apparatus in

order to safeguard lives and property.

Agunloye, a former Minister of

Defence, who also condemned the

gruesome murder of Funke and the

increase in cases of kidnappings

across the country, especially in the

South-West, added that only a decisive

action by government would restore

confidence of Nigerians in the nation’s

security system.

PAGE 20 — SUNDAY Vanguard, JULY 21, 2019

Some women are just not cut out for motherhood!

Victor just came back from

a tedious time in the

office when his mobile

bleeped a message from his only


“The message said our mother

was in hospital after suffering a

stroke and the hospital wouldn’t

treat her if no deposit was made,”

said Victor heavily. “My first

instinct was to ignore the

message - about time she died!

But she was my mother and I

couldn’t ignore the fact that no

matter how badly she treated me

when I was growing up, I owed it

to her to make her final days


“My mother used to enjoy the

good life. Right after she finished

secondary school, she went into

the beer-parlour business. She

was barely 20 when she had me

and five years later, she had

another child, my sister, by

another man. She was never

married. What man would marry

her? She drank like a fish and

smoked like the proverbial

chimney. When I was a toddler,

she used to blow the smoke from

her cigarettes into my face and

laugh when it made me feel sick.

In time, I was able to discern

fumes from cigarettes and from

cannabis which she used freely.

“She brought men to our onebedroom

apartment and I was

lucky to have any decent food. So

early in life, I’d learnt to hustle

her customers at the beer parlour

and eat their left-overs. Even at

age five, she expected me to tidy

up after her, and things got worse

when she had my sister.

“My own father lived a few

houses away and I used to sneak

to his house whenever I could. If

she caught me, she would beat the

living daylight out of me. One

morning alter her wild night with

‘friends’ who were always in the

house smoking and drinking, the

whole place was covered with

cigarette butts and beer bottles.

My mother handed me a broom.

My sister was barely a year old

and was crying. ‘Clean up this

mess,’ she snapped at me, then see

to your sister. I’m going back to


“I tried to do as she said, but I

was very scrawny then and the

broom she gave me was too big.

When she came back to the room

and saw me staring helplessly at

the mess, she threw the broom at

me, then picked it up and

walloped me with it. ‘Now, clean

up the mess,’ she yelled as if she

was deranged. I tried again in

vain. When she reappeared and

started beating me, I howled for

my dad and she shoved me out of

the room and shut the door. I sat

on a bench outside and cried.

Some few minutes later, she

opened the door and threw a

‘Ghana-must-go’ bag of clothes

after me, yelling at me to go to my

useless father.

“I picked up the bag and walked

to my father’s house. I was only

six years old. My father nearly

wept when he saw me. He cleaned

me up, gave me decent food and

from then on, I lived with him. He

was a good father and told me he

couldn’t take me away because

according to customary law, a

toddler should stay with his

mother until age 10 or so. Since

she was the one who threw me out,

it was safe to stay with him.

“My mother must have missed

the monthly allowance my father

used to give her for my up-keep,

because she tried to snatch me

back a few times. I was really

terrified of her and would run if I

saw her coming. She engaged my

dad in a few fights but in the

end, she let us alone. It was when

some of my father’s friends were

discussing her, that it came out

she was a prostitute as well!

When I asked round what,

‘ashewo ’ meant and they told

me, I became really scared of

her. I never let on to her that I

knew what she was up to. In a

funny way, I loved her she was

after all the only mother I would

ever have. I only wished she

could change.

“When my father got married,

his new wife really took me

under her wings. She made sure

I studied hard, saw me through

secondary school then

persuaded a relation of hers to

help with my admission into the

polytechnic. I will for ever be

grateful to that woman for

turning my life around.

“As soon as I finished college,

thanks to her influence, I got a

good job, did a few in-service

trainings and became a junior


“My mother continued with

her wild life and was always

asking me for money, even when

I was in school. I gave her

whatever I could, knowing from

her blackened teeth that she still

smoked and she was still an

alcoholic. I drew the line at her

coming to my place of work. I’d

already assisted my sister with

her secretarial studies and she

lived in a two-bedroom flat with

our mother. Yet, my mother

continued to be an

embarrassment to both of us.

When she first moved to the flat,

she became like a real mother for

a while, but her life-style took

over her life.

“My worst nightmare was

when she was arrested for

prostitution and robbery! She

was refused bail and sent to

prison on remand. In a way, I was

relieved maybe she would be able

to kick her awful habit.

Thankfully, she was eventually

found not guilty and was

released. Before her release, my

sister had found a one-room

apartment for her and moved her

things there. There was a limit to

how much she could take.

“A year after this incident, she

was arrested again. She’d been

soliciting persistently along one

of the red-Iight areas and was

herded into a police van with

other prostitutes, we had to bribe

through the nose to get her out. I

was already married by now with

a family of my own and I didn’t

want her around me trying to

play granny to my kids. My stepmother

deserved that honour and

she is a wonderful woman, the

mother I wished my own mother

would be.

“Her last arrest must have

sobered her up because she

started petty trading. Months

later, she was selling alcohol on

her premises! That was when I

realized she had chosen her path

and there was nothing I could


“Now this massive stroke of

hers! I went to the hospital and

saw her. She was in a coma. I

paid the necessary deposit but she

never regained consciousness.

She died a few days later. She was

only 54 years old.

“After watching what my

mother had been through, I’ve

never touched alcohol and I can’t

tolerate smokers. Looking back,

I don’t feel I’ve had a mother.

Most of the time, I felt I was the

parent and my mother was a

wayward child...”

Love’s In The Air!


Two voices - one male and one

female are overheard on an


Man: Ok: I think everyone’s

asleep. Let’s go.

Woman: This one’s empty. You

go first.

Man: Oooh, it’s a bit cramped.

Let me sit down. Woman: Have

you got the condom? Quick put

it on. Man: Ah, perfume, You think

of everything.

Woman: (giving a long and

contented sigh) This is great!

Suddenly, a voice comes over

the loudspeaker: “This is the

Captain speaking. To the people

in the rear toilet, we know what

you’re doing and it is expressly

forbidden by airline regulations.

Now, put the cigarettes out and

take the condom off the smoke



OUR column to express your loving

thoughts in words to your sweetheart. Don’t

be shy. Let it flow and let him or her know how

dearly you feel. Write now in not more than 75 words

to: The Editor, Sunday Vanguard, P.M.B. 1007,

Apapa, Lagos. E.mail: sundaylovenotes@yahoo.com

Please mark your envelope: “LOVE NOTES"

A body for my words

My mouth is stitched with your aura

My hands are heavy like void air

My lips cannot hear my loudest desire

How my body has again failed my wish

My body is no body it is a body of words

I will them to be body of fluid tenderness

Let my quiet words slide down your back

Let them caress your core and make you


Let my words make you cry for more and


Kingsley Alumona


Solve your love problems

You can also develop road maps and action plans

on how you can overcome all the love problems that

you have beebn experiencing. You can start by thinking

right, believe that you will overcome the challenges

and never give up. You will have the

desired success on the long run.

Michael Adedotun Oke



SUNDAY Vanguard, JULY 21, 2019, PAGE 21


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Edo on tenterhooks over lawmakers

By Emma Amaize, Regional

Editor, Niger Delta, Alemma-

OzioruvaAliu, Benin City

NQUESTIONABLY, the last one

month has been apprehensive in Edo

State, especially since the controversial

inauguration of the state House of Assembly

in the night of June 17 with claims and

counter- claims on the legitimacy and ethics

of the inaugural ceremony.

However, what has become inexplicable to

party stalwarts and onlookers is why the political

disagreement, which they thought could

be easily resolved, has degenerated into a fullblown

war between Obaseki and his supporters

and Oshiomhole and his supporters.

Unfortunately, ethnic dimension is little by

little creeping into the crisis, as some Benin

indigenes claim Oshiomhole, a non-Biniwas

bidding to impose his wishes on the Bini tribe,

which constitutes the largest ethnic group in

the state.

Oba of Benin, Omo N’Oba N’Edo Uku

AkpolokpoloEwuare II, who waded into the

emergency, at a time, could not comprehend

why the problem keeps mounting.

He said he had invited the parties involved,

that is Comrade Adams Oshiomhole and Governor

Godwin Obaseki on separate occasions

with the view of resolving it but the crisis keeps


His words: “Like I told President Muhammadu

Buhari,I have on my own been talking

to both parties concerned; Comrade Adams

Oshiomhole and the incumbent governor,

Godwin Obaseki on separate occasions but

things have kept on escalating very fast.”

“I was still planning to see both of them when

I heard the House of Representatives has set

up an ad-hoc committee to look into the issue,”,

he said.

Available reports indicate that the problem

came to ahead with the opening ceremony of

the House of Assembly. Nine members participated

in the show, but truth is that security

operatives, acting at the behest of some party

leaders and state government officials, abducted

and whisked four members-elect to the

House Chambers, where the inauguration

took place, June 17, night. However, officials

maintained the inauguration occurred in the

hours of daylight.

Until press time, the actual time of inauguration

of the House,a critical factor in the unfolding

emergency remains contentious. While

the Speaker, Hon Frank Okiye, presiding over

the House with 10 members claimed severally

that the Clerk of the House called members

for inauguration minutes after 19 of the

24 members addressed a press conference

June 17 afternoon in Benin City, other lawmakers

insisted they performed the “illegality”

in nocturnal hours.

Only those involved saw it coming as

few hours after the 19 protested the nonproclamation

by Governor Godwin

Obaseki to allow for their inauguration,

some lawmakers congregated in the dark

of June 17 where they were inaugurated

and elected Hon Frank Okiye as Speaker

and YekiniIdiaye -Deputy Speaker.

Sunday Vanguard gathered that a team

of lawyers studied the implication of the

plot and the position of the law, before the

executors invited three lawmakers for a

meeting and their phones confiscated before

they herded them in a bus and later

sworn-in at the House of Assembly by the

clerk with one of them wearing knickers.

As at 10.45 pm that night, 17 police patrol

vehicles were parked in front of the

House of Assembly complex while additional

seven were strategically stationed

in adjoining roads and not less than eight

security vehicles sighted around the residence

of the governor, Mr. Godwin Obaseki

Ḟew hours later,14 of the lawmakers addressed

another press conference, faulting the

action of the governor, who they alleged issued

a letter of proclamation, but directed that

those he felt were opposed to his preferred

Speaker emerging be shut out.

Spokesperson of the members-elect, Hon

Washington Osifo , said insisted that the inauguration

was not proper and should be done

afresh. Few minutes after, suspected thugs invaded

a hotel in Benin City, where they were

taking shelter and they were beaten black and


This ugly development was responsible for


the lawmakers relocating to Abuja, as many

of them feared their lives were at stake. With

Obaseki giving clear reasons why he banished

thugs from the state, many wonder which planet

the thugs that put the fear of the Devil in the

lawmakers came from.

The bad blood has sharply divided the political

family of the former governor of the state

and now National Chairman of the All Progressives

Congress, APC,Comrade Adams


Oshiomhole visits Odubu, describes crisis

as buzzing mosquito

Comrade Adams Oshiomhole when he visited

his deputy for eight years, Hon Pius Odubu,

whose father died at 103 years, said he

would never be part of any plot to destroy the

party, APC, which he laboured to build in the


In an indistinct reference to the crisis between

him and Obaseki,he said the situation was like

a mosquito disturbing one’s ear, adding that

themosquito would only get relevance if the

person complains of mosquito bite.

Oshiomhole said he would continue to identify

with Odubu,his family and others, who were

there when he fought to get his mandate from

the Peoples Democratic Party in 2008.

Again, Idahosa lambasts


However, a former political

ally of Oshiomhole,

in fact, his Political Adviserfor

the eight years he

was governor of the state,

Hon Charles Idahosa,

accused Oshiomhole of

dividing the Binis, who

are predominant in

Edo South and threatened

to quit the party

with Obaseki if they

force the governor to

leave APC.

He accused Oshiomhole

of dividing Benin

people over what he described

as his desperation

to see the back of

Governor Obaseki out

of Edo state Government


Addressing a press

conference, Idahosa

while reacting to comments

that Obaseki was

ungrateful to Oshiomhole

for bringing him

to power,explained that

Obaseki first helped

Oshiomhole raise millions

of naira to enable

him contest elections in


Adun reacts

But a former youth leader of the party, TonAdun,

alleged that Idahosa was a liability to the

party and that was the one selling the issue of

ethnic agenda to the governor.

“Idahosa should first of all resign as a member

of the APC for deceiving Governor Obaseki

into waging this unwarranted war against

the National chairman of the APC and other


leaders of the party, “he yelled.

He accused Idahosa of selling an ethnic

agenda againstOshiomhole to Governor

Obaseki, who he said bought into it, adding,

“No matterhow they try to bend the truth, Oshiomhole

remains the indisputable leader ofthe

APC and we will resist any attempt by sycophants

and political robbers torubbish his


House of Reps takes position

as Senate Committee visits

The House of Representativestook a clear

position on the imbroglio, last Wednesday,

when it directed Obaseki to issue a new proclamation

within one week for the properinauguration

of the House.

It recommended: “The governor of Edo

State, Obaseki, in theinterest of peaceful coexistence

of the state, should issue a freshproclamation

within one week in line with section

105(3) of the constitution ofthe Federal Republic

of Nigeria, 1999 (as amended) stating

the date, time andvenue and publish in any

daily and television station.”

“All actions taken by the 7th Assembly

membersshould be declared null and void,

pending proper inauguration.

“All members of Edo State House ofAssembly,

both those who have been inaugurated and

those who have not beeninaugurated, should

dissolve their factions in

the interest of peace

andstability of the

House, with a view to

moving the state forward.

We are parliamentarians,

nobody has served us

any restraining order, if a

restraining order is

coming after we have

already kick-start our

responsibility, how can

that stop? We are not

looking into what is in

court; we are getting

facts, Section 11(4 and 5)

is very clear on what we



“The Inspector-General

ofPolice and Director-General

of DSS

should shut down Edo

State Houseof Assembly

and provide adequate

security to allay

further fears ofintimidating

and threat as alleged

by members-elect

“Where recommendations

(i) (ii) and ( iii

)above fail, the National

Assembly should invoke

the provisions of

section 11(4)of the 1999

constitution (as amended)

to take over the state

House of Assemblyuntil

the situation normalizes

Ṫhe House of Representatives

gave the directivesame

day the sevenman

committee set up

by the Senate to look

into the crisis” visited the

EdoAssembly rejects order

Reacting to the House of Representatives order,

Speaker of Edo House of Assembly, Hon

Frank Okiye, in a statement, said,”Considering

what we came to know in the course of this

process, there commendation of the ad-hoc

committee did not come to us as a surprise.

“For example, the chartered plane marked

5NFCT, which brought the committee members

to Benin City, Edo State, was paid forby

the National Chairman of APC, Mr Adams

Oshiomhole, who is a major party inthe disagreement.

“Also, the younger brother to theNational

Chairman, Seid Oshiomhole, in a recent

leaked audio conversation,revealed the underhand

dealings in Abuja regarding the matter.

“He stated that Oshiomhole and his proxieshave

been having meetings with the committee

members and other actors in theissue

in Abuja and dolling out money to ensure the

issue goes in their favour.

“With all these, it was clear that thead-hoc

committee was up to no good. Their report

was always going to be biased.”

Obaseki,state govt censure

APC leadership, NASS

Obaseki, playing host to theSenate Committee,

which stated nobody would compromise

the members as insinuated,blamed APC

leadership for the crisis. He maintained that

the failure of thenational leadership of APC to

investigate issues led to the crisis.

The governor said: “I issued aproclamation.

Consultations were held before the proclamation

was issued.Various party organs met before

decisions were reached. As far as I amconcerned,

I followed the constitution and issued

a proclamation. I believe inthe separation

of powers.

“Whatever the outcome, we expectedthat if

a higher authority was concerned about the

fate of this state, it wouldhave called to see

how to resolve the issue but that was not done.

The matterhas moved to court and all parties

are in court.

“I have done my bit. Within the

legislature,there are issues, they have gone to

the judiciary, and the constitutionprovides for

a clear separation of powers. We have evidence

that people areunder pressure. Look at this matter

in the interest of our country and indefense

of our democracy.”

Further to Obaseki’s eruption, Edo state government

through the Secretary to State Government,

SSG, Mr Osarodion Ogie, also reacted.

It said: “There is nowhere in the Constitution

of the Federal Republic of Nigeria,

where the House of Representatives or even

the National Assembly for that matter, is granted

the right or power to shut down a State

House of Assembly,” adding that “in point of

fact such power is expressly excluded by the


Nobody can compromise us

— Senate C’ttee leader

Chair of the committee and Deputy Chief

Whip of the Senate, Senator Aliyu Sabi Abdullahi,

said, “I do not know about compromise…

I want to assure that 109 senators are

men of integrity and at anytime we are discharging

our function, we are guided by the

oath of office, to be fair and just to every issue

that will be brought before us.”

On reports that there is a restraining order

barring them from what they were doing, he

said: “We are parliamentarians, nobody has

served us any restraining order, if a restraining

order is coming after we have already kickstart

our responsibility, how can that stop? We

are not looking into what is in court; we are

getting facts, Section 11(4 and 5) is very clear

on what we should.”

Court rejects pro-Oshiomhole

members-elect application

Apparently,to play a quick one on the state

government, which has used the courts in the

last few weeks to obtain interim injunctions

against their interests, the anti-Obaseki lawmakers

stormed an Edo High Court, last Thursday,

with a motion to restrain security agencies

from barricading and cordoning off the

Assembly, so they could have access to the


However, the court rejected the motion.

Justice Erhabor ordered the applicants to

put the Speaker, Deputy Speaker and other

defendants on notice of their suit before him.


Those who ordered herders out

of South are not true northern

elders — Paul Unongo

By Chioma Gabriel,

Editor Special Features

Second Republic Minister and former

Chairman of Northern Elders Forum, NEF,

Paul Unongo, in this encounter, posits that the

problems associated with suspected

herdsmen will continue except Nigerians

embrace ranching. He also speaks on some

other national issues. Excerpts:

hat is your take on former President

WOlusegun Obasanjo’s letter to

Buhari which has generated furore in the


The current democratic system was

nurtured by Obasanjo. He handed over to

civilians in 1979. He emerged as a civilian

President in 1999. He is in the best position

to advice his military colleagues. In his

recent letter, I think he was trying to be a

guiding figure. He believes Buhari should do

something because of the integrity of the

corps. He felt he needed to call the attention

of Buhari to the current state of affairs.

Obasanjo is very proud of his uniform even

though he is no more in it. The uniform gave

him prominence. He is a historic figure and

when God decided that the Biafra war

should not split the federation, it was

Obasanjo that the Biafran forces surrendered

to. I think when he makes a comment, we

should listen to him. I believe Obasanjo

wants ex-military personnel to protect the

image of the military. I know that some

people are angry at his approach. Buhari

with all the capacity he has is a very

respectful person and Obasanjo has access to

him. Maybe he tried many times to talk to

this man in private and since he wouldn’t

listen, he decided to write a public letter.

When he calls Buhari’s attention to

something, the President should listen,

especially having been a former Head of

State and also a civilian President. If the

situation in the country appears tense and a

man like Obasanjo complains, we should

listen. Many people think he likes mischief

but I don’t think so. Politics apart, we should

listen to a man in the capacity of Obasanjo,

especially with the way things are going.

Buhari served under Obasanjo when he

(Obasanjo) was Head of State. Buhari was a

junior officer under him. Ordinarily, one

should expect that Obasanjo should seek

Buhari’s attention and advise him secretly.

But this is Obasanjo’s style and he does this

anytime he feels something is not right about

Nigeria. It is not like he is witch-hunting

anybody because he is not seeking political

position or attention. Obasanjo fought the

civil war and was a commander of one of the

divisions of the army and the forces of

disintegration surrendered to him. Within

that context, he has a very big

stake in this nation. He should

be allowed to be Obasanjo

because he is not playing any

mischief. He is seeing

something and he is drawing

attention to it.

Buhari in the eyes of his

political constituency cannot

do wrong. Therefore, taking on

him publicly as Obasanjo was

not right in the eyes of his

followers. But is Obasanjo an

active politician? He has

graduated to a position of a

statesman and should be

allowed to make comments

about this country.

Apart from Obasanjo’s

letter, the NEF recently called

on the Fulani in the South to

return to the North. Do you

thing the group took the right


The Fulani in Nigeria are

Nigerian citizens. The

Constitution of the Federal

Republic of Nigeria

guarantees every Nigerian to

live in every part of this

country. I think no matter what

anybody feels, they are also

subject to the rule of law that

exists in Nigeria. There is no

law that says certain people cannot live in

certain parts of Nigeria. Anybody who says

so is trying to instigate tension in the polity

and anybody who has lived through the civil

war and participated in it will not want to

create a situation that will remind us of the

past. I think it is wrong. I am a northerner

and I don’t know the northern elders that

Nobody in the

North has the

right to recall

northerners in

the South to the

North and I don’t

know which

northern elders

issued such a

statement. We

should ignore it

made such an instigating statement. Are

these elders the ones that I once headed

before I was removed as the head? No true

northern elder would give such an order to

the Fulani to come back to the North. I think

we should stop playing games with the unity

of Nigeria. In that context; I am in support

of the President coming out quickly to ask

the Fulani and other Nigerians residing in

every part of this country to stay where they

are. Nigerians, including the Igbo-speaking

people living in the North should remain

where they are. We should work together to

build a strong Nigeria and

we should not listen to the

voices of dissent or people

who are angry. Nobody in

the North has the right to

recall northerners in the

South back to the North

and I don’t know which

northern elders issued such

a statement. We should

ignore it and continue to

live with our brothers and

sisters in the South. No

politician would able to

push us again to war. There

are problems in this country

and we need to sit down and

address it. Nobody can

break this country. We shed

so much blood in the past.

We cannot afford that

again. The war was not a

joke and Nigeria has passed

that stage. No country that

is sensible will fight a civil

war twice and no country

can survive it twice.

America fought a civil war

about 240 years ago but

today they are together. And

those who think Nigeria is

failing are wrong. How old

are we? I don’t see why

people who call themselves

leaders from the North

should call on our people from the South to

come back. I am a northern leader and elder

and I am telling Nigerians to stay where they

are and be law-abiding. Nigerians should

stop doing things that divide us and

concentrate on what unites us. They should

intermarry, socialise and forget about

divisive tendencies.


Nigeria seems to be hanging on a

precipice with the spate of kidnapping,

killing, banditry, and herdsmen menace.

Are you not concerned?

My ideal Nigeria is very close to the ideals

of the late Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, who

championed the cause of one Nigeria. Zik

chose one Nigeria. When his fellow Igbo

called him a traitor for his position, he still

stood on one Nigeria. I was a youth, who

was inspired greatly by people like Zik. I

shall continue believing in one Nigeria. I

participated in struggle for the democracy

we have now.

I don’t like what I am seeing now. There is

too much insecurity. I don’t think some

forces will come from the blues and wipe out

the problems. It is the little acts of people

like us that will push us to the ideal Nigeria.

I trained a young-man from Igboland called

Rochas Okorocha. He was not called

Rochas then but I am proud of him because I

travelled to Owerri recently and I passed

through the roads to Okigwe and the one

that leads to Port Harcourt and I saw what

this boy did. He is one of the young

Nigerians, who keep giving me hope about

Nigeria. You may not like him, but what he

did in Imo, if we had three, four, five

governors doing it in their states, I think the

Nigeria of our dreams will become a reality.

I don’t like to concentrate on the bad and

the ugly, I remember the cattlemen that used

to come and graze their cattle in my village

when I was young boy. Now, I am 84 years

old, they used to give us milk we gave them

yams. They never fought us, they never

destroyed our farms. We gave them roasted

yam or boiled yam. I hope Nigeria will be

like that again.

We should not concentrate on ethnicity.

Nobody wants to take over Nigeria. The

federal government in its wisdom and at the

wrong time and without proper preparation

introduced a very good policy of ranching to

stem the killings going on in the country.

Unfortunately, the implementation came

at the time when Fulani herdsmen started

using AK 47. In the past, they were using

sticks and people welcomed them in their

communities and there were no killings like

they do today. That in itself shows we didn’t

prepare for the consequences of

development because there is more

competition. I see hope in what Buhari is

doing. He feels RUGA will resolve the issue

of conflicts. The advantages of ranching

are so enormous. Nobody should have

opposed ranching. I think the Fulani herders

should reduce these killings by doing

ranching without making anybody feel that

somebody is encroaching on his land or

attempting to Islamise him. I think we

should shun ethnicism and religiosity and be

more like Zik.

Ranching is good but anywhere there is a

law existing like what exists in Benue, the

federal government should not go with

something new or different. After all, the

President is not going to contest another

election. He should be above party politics to

support the laws made by a state.

All over the world, ranching is a personal

business not a government business. What

is the business of government in dabbling

into personal businesses?

As I said, some good policies come at the

wrong time. What many southerners don’t

understand is that the land in the South is

fertile. If what you said is true, that some of

these herdsmen are foreigners, then foreign

cows have come. Then with the increase in

settlements, increase in population, they

can’t continue to roam about. There must

come a time when we have to refer to history.

What did Venezuela do? What did Brazil do?

What did Britain do? What did France do?

Herdsmen in these countries at one time

were roaming with their animals. But they

don’t do that anymore. They ranch. If you

allow conflict to affect the introduction of

ranching, then, we will continue to have all

the problems we are having now. As far as I

am concerned, Nigerians will have to sit

down and decide that the time has arrived to

accept ranching. If we don’t accept ranching,

these problems will continue.

Many Nigerians believe the government

is trying to forcefully give out ancestral

land to foreigners. Most of these herdsmen

do not speak English or Hausa. They speak

French and their local languages. What do

you make of that?

If our governments allowed our borders to

be so porous, and foreigners are pouring in

to increase our problems, then, there is an

issue. That should be condemned and we

should point out to them that the people who

want to benefit from RUGA are

predominantly foreigners. Why are you

allowing foreigners into Nigeria? Why don’t

Nigerians go to court? We have existing

laws that can take care of every single

problem that we have in Nigeria. Nigerians

only pay lip service to the rule of law.

When you take your citizens’ money and

resources and give to others, you should be

stopped because it is illegal and we can stop

it. If it is true that the RUGA programme is

for foreigners, it should be discontinued. We

must find a solution to the problem.

Otherwise, we are going to hand over a

troubled Nigeria. But if we plan properly,

these people will have the opportunity to

raise their cattle where they could yield three

to four times more than their haggard

animals that roam around are currently

doing. We need to teach the people how

ranching works. Nigerians spend too much

time on politics instead of trying to solve

problems and problems are not solved by ad

hoc methods.

If ranching is becoming a problem then

we need to discuss with the people, especially

the landowners. What people are opposed to

is this attitude of not explaining things

before implementation. You don’t impose a

policy on the people. We have to discuss the

problem of migration.

Someone invades your territory with

cows and destroys crops, kidnaps people,

rapes women and the government calls the

situation farmers/herders clash. Is that

what it is?

People all over the world have gone

through this and emerged from it stronger.

With the advancement of ranching and

organised farming, they addressed the

problem. They set aside land in those areas

or bought lands for ranching. We need to

accept that. We must provide solution to that

and the solution is dialogue. We should talk

transparently about the intentions and

policies of government and we should give

time to people to query them. I have read

reports where people said they should use

Sambisa forest for ranching and it is a good

idea. I don’t think there will be any fight if

ranching is accepted. There used to be cattle

routes in the past but these places are all

occupied. Anyway, we are in the 21st century

and such things are no longer obtainable.

Those who suggested Sambisa forest have a

point and grass could be imported to fill the

place. But let’s dialogue.

Isn’t herding a personal business?

We should not abandon some businesses in

the hands of people alone, because 90

percent of the individuals in Nigeria are so

weak. If businesses are left in their hands,,

the greed inherent in a capitalist system will

make those that stole money to make all of

us slaves. Within that context, government

has an obligation to protect the

commonwealth for the common people.

Read more on www.vanguardngr.com


•Prof Adamolekun

We talk about herders;

who owns the cows?

— Prof Adamolekun

*Says Senate’s call for security summit nonsensical

*Asks Buhari to sign state police bill within 3 months

* ‘Nigeria needs strategy to fight poverty, not programmes’


Deputy Editor

Leading Public Administration

scholar, Prof Ladipo Adamolekun, in

this interview on the state of the

nation, identifies the relationship

between poverty, insecurity,

education deficit, leadership failure,

weak economic growth, and

population explosion. The former

public sector management specialist

at the World Bank, among other

issues, proffers solutions to the

herders/farmers conflict.

Of all the problems in Nigeria at

the moment why are you so

concerned about poverty?

The reason I am passionate about

poverty in the country is because the

projections are frightening. Something

drastic should be done or rather, drastic

actions should be taken. To effectively,

tackle the problem of poverty, we cannot

simply focus on Abuja. The states should

be poles of development and places for

tackling poverty. As at today, that is not

the case. That is what prompted the

argument that we need to move from over

centralization of powers to devolution of

powers. The first point to tackle is the

size of the problem. We are already the

poverty capital of the world. On June 12,

2019, the President said he wants to lift

100 million people out of poverty in the

next 10 years. If we are 200 million and

our President is admitting that he wants

to lift 100 million out of poverty, it shows

the percentage of 200 million

that is poor. Nigeria is also

committed to the Sustainable

Development Goals, SGDs.

Nigeria is committed to the

first goal, which seeks to end

poverty in all its forms by 2030.

What strategy do we have on

the ground to do that? The

Economist also said 94 million

people are below the poverty

line in Nigeria. A report by

Oxfam report said it is 69

percent. That is the magnitude

of the problem. In terms of the

dimension, it is obvious that it

is multidimensional and any

approach towards tackling it

should be multidimensional.

I have not heard about a

poverty reduction strategy in

Nigeria. What I have heard

about is poverty alleviation

programmes. It means that we

are having programmes

instead of strategy in the face

of a huge problem. We need a

strategy. There is a disconnect in the

sense that we are facing a

multidimensional problem that requires a

multidimensional strategy. In my view,

the dimensions of the strategy that we

need should focus on our weak economic

growth, insecurity of lives and property,

education deficit,

systemic corruption and

population explosion.

The summary of my

This is the

time for

action not






of the


should be


message is that there is

a need for an antipoverty


You talked about the

President’s promise of

lifting 100 million

people out of poverty in

10 years, but officials of

his administration and

some government

agencies disputed some

of the globally accepted

reports that revealed

the extent of poverty in

the country. With that

kind of posture, do you

think poverty can truly

be taken for what it is in


We don’t need to

attach much importance

to any attempt to

downplay data, unless

we produce an alternative set of data. The

growth rate in Nigeria is about two percent.

When Nigeria was growing at seven

percent between 2005 and 2011, it was also

reported. It is not good to only accept

favourable data. I also want professionals to

know that the denial does not take away the

fact. Dangote recently explained our weak

economy and I don’t think anybody has

denied it. He said: “How do you have

economic growth without power? No power,

no growth because without power there

can’t be growth. Egypt increased its

electricity by 10 gigawatts which is equal to

10,000 megawatts within 18 months. In

Nigeria, we have been struggling for 18

years without adding 1,000 and we have

spent three times more than Egypt.”

Professionals should challenge those, who

downplay data with the truth. Another fact

in terms of where we are as regards

electricity supply, is that by December 2012,

the country had about 4,000 megawatts. On

May 29, 2019, power generation stood at

about 3,000. I think there is no economist

anywhere that can deny that. This is one of

the dimensions of economic direction. We

are the largest economy while South Africa

and Egypt are trailing us. But on the single

index of electricity, they are better than us.

That is why our economy is weak and it

contributes to our poverty problem. Also, on

our indebtedness, it is true that we have not

reached the ceiling in terms of the ratio of

GDP but the amount we are paying to

service our debt is close to 30 percent of our

revenue. Drastic measures should be taken.

When last did anybody in government

mention the Economic Recovery and Growth

Plan, ERGP?

The strategy you talked requires political

will and vision to become a reality. How do

you think political will can become an

aspect of governance in Nigeria?

We should use the power sector as a case

study for the implementation challenge.

When we look at the resources allocated to

the sector and the implementation in the

sector, there is a huge gap. Egypt spent

less in 18 months and got more while we

spent more in 20 years and got nothing.

That is a good example because resources is

an important aspect of implementation. In

terms of the power sector, the resources

were made available. That brings us to the

issue of corruption. We have to admit that

incompetence is playing a big role in our

failure to deliver. If resources are allocated

and the result is poor, it shows that the

management has been done incompetently.

Corruption is also partly responsible for the

incompetency because I don’t know how

much was utilized out of the funds released

for the sector. On the economy, we have to

admit that there is a huge degree of

incompetence. In the electricity sector, that

incompetence and corruption have been

continuous from 1999 till date. In addition to

the electricity crisis, I think the fuel subsidy

regime is a big problem. In 2011, then

Governor of Central Bank of Nigerian,

CBN, and current Emir of Kano,

Mohammed Sanusi said: “In 2011, the

Federal Government earned $16 billion

from the oil sector, but the nation spent $8

billion on importation of petroleum

products. $8.2 billion was spent on

subsidies on the same products.” When we

add the figures, we would get what we

earned. Has that been denied? Why has the

government not done anything about it?

That is where the question of political will

is applicable. These are illustrations of

economic mismanagement.

One of the arguments for the retention of

subsidy payment is that without

subsidizing the products, petrol would be

expensive for the end users. Do you

consider the excuse tenable?

My implicit definition of leadership

includes knowledge, vision, integrity and

courage. That combination is rare and we

can’t even prescribe it. It is clear that if we

are fortunate to have that kind of

combination, the issue of political will and

other issues would not arise. To effectively

tackle the oil subsidy problem, we need a

leadership that would combine the things I


Before now, poverty was seen as the

Continues on page 25


A herder tending his cattle

Continued from page 24

major cause of insecurity in Nigeria, but

with the dimensions insecurity has

assumed, other factors have emerged. At

the point where Nigeria is now, how can the

relationship between poverty and

insecurity be broken?

I will address the dimensions before the

nexus. According to the Global Terrorism

Index, Nigeria has been the third worst

country since 2015. In 2014, we were the

fourth worst country, which showed that it is

a growing problem. Over a four-year period,

we have not made progress because we are

the third currently. Those disputing the data

should give us their data. The fact is that the

government is failing to protect lives and

property in Nigeria today. That is one of the

primary duties of government. The

horrendous case of Pa Fasoranti’s daughter is

one of those that gripped the nation. In that

context, there is the Obasanjo letter. There is

a real threat of insecurity gripping the

nation in a way we have not experienced

before. Boko Haram has been there since

2009. It is true that its dimensions have been

reduced but they are still there. These new

dimensions of criminality perpetrated by

suspected herdsmen, bandits and kidnappers

are at a level we have not seen since 1999.

There is no denying that. It is a daily threat

and it is worrisome that the head of the

military is saying the problem is reducing

given what we are seeing. Citizens cannot be

reassured by that kind of statement given

what they have seen and what they are

experiencing. I recall that the UK recently

issued a warning to their citizens not to

travel to 21 states because of insecurity. I

want to challenge the media not to pay

attention to the denials about the level of

insecurity. The denials can be reported and


While referring to a letter written by

former President Olusegun Obasanjo on the

level of insecurity in the country, President

Buhari said Nigeria only experiences

isolated cases of insecurity. Don’t you think

such a statement amounts to official denial

of the size of the problem?

I think the correct approach to that is to

ignore him. He even said some are not

patriotic. Many years ago, the same man

said we have only one country which is

Nigeria. We want a Nigeria where lives and

property are safe. As of today we can’t say

we have a country of that nature. The

resolution by the Senate for another security

conference is nonsensical. In February 2018,

the 8th National Assembly, NASS, had a

conference with the executive arm of

government on security. What have they

implemented from the outcome of the

conference? One of the decisions arrived at

the conference was the need for state police.

Since then, support for state police has

increased exponentially. The Nigerian

Governors Forum, NGF, has adopted it and

Buhari said he now believes in true

federalism. Why has the Senate not

sponsored a bill for state police? Now, they

are talking about another conference. It is

a joke! We are saying that insecurity is

threatening lives and property, it is

preventing investment, affecting

educational institutions and grinding the

country to a halt, yet, they are talking

about another conference. If the Senate

wants to be taken seriously, it should be

working on how to pass the state police

bill into law within three months so that

Buhari can sign. The security architecture

in the country is fragile and needs to be

revamped. The Vice President is a very

strong believer in state police. There is no

dening that Nigeria cannot be policed

from Abuja. Again, it is nonsensical to say

that community policing is being done

from Abuja. The question is: Do they

know what it means? We need proper

understanding of indigenous languages

for community policing to work. Only the

states can come close to doing that. As of

last year and early this year, there was a

broad consensus on it, yet, the Senate is

talking about another conference. What

are they going to discuss there? That

conference should not hold. The Senate

should pass the bill into law and get the

President to sign it. This is the time for

action not another conference. The

security architecture of the country should

be decentralised. What has changed

between February last year and now is

that the insecurity has increased. In terms

of implementation of what was decided at

the conference, nothing has happened.

They are exposing Nigeria and Nigerians

to ridicule. If I were an ambassador, I

would be sending intelligence to my

country that this is an unserious country.

Delay in appointment of ministers

Right now, the country is being run by

Permanent Secretaries. I am a student of

Public Administration and I

know there are limits to

what Permanent Secretaries

can commit their

Ministries, Departments

and Agencies, MDAs, to do

in the absence of ministers.

It is regrettable that the

President said he is still

looking for the ministers

that he knows.

Immediately he won the

election, I assumed that he

had started having the

people he would appoint.

The President ought to have

sent his ministerial list to

the NASS within a week of

their resumption. Nothing

stopped us from having a

functioning cabinet now.

After this Monday, if the

cabinet is not constituted,

we will regard the delay in

constituting an executive

that needs to deal with

Nigeria’s multidimensional


they are


the NLTP,

they should

be able to

tell us who

the cattle

owners are

problems as unacceptable. Poverty is the

central issue we are addressing but

Permanent Secretaries can’t fix the power

sector, oil sector and the collapse of

infrastructure. It is not acceptable that

there should be further delay in

appointing ministers. I do not know what

time frame he has. When he said he is

looking for people he knows, it was not

clear how long it would take to know

these people. The nature of our problems

does not admit any further delay in

constituting the Federal Executive

Council. I am joining those telling the

President that he no longer has four years

but three years and 10 months. I am

surprised that the list was not on the desk

of NASS members on the day they

resumed plenary. I am hoping that the

cabinet would be constituted in a matter

of days to tackle the multifaceted

problems in the country. It is not in the

national interest to further delay the

appointment of ministers who have a role

to play in tackling our problems.

In 2015, it took the President six months

to appoint his ministers. Now, he said he

wants to know those to employ. The

implication is that Nigerians may have to

wait longer and statecraft is suffering.

During the last constitution amendment

exercise, the Senate prescribed a time

frame for the appointment of ministers,

but the President did not assent to the

bill. As a Public Administration scholar,

would you suggest another exercise that

would prescribe a time frame for the

appointment of cabinet members?

I am not dodging your question but I

will go back to my definition of

leadership. Knowledge, vision, integrity

and courage are the major components

needed in leadership. Anyone, who has a

vision of what he wants to do for Nigeria

and knowledgeable about

governance, cannot afford

to be delaying. I don’t think

it is a matter of law. It is a

matter of leadership. I think

a leadership that has those

four critical criteria would

not delay the appointment

of ministers. The basic for

me here, is the definition of

leadership. For instance,

Ronald Reagan didn’t have

a university degree but was

knowledgeable about what

governance was all about

and he demonstrated

courage. He had a vision of

what America was. Any

leader, who has vision,

needs a team to carry out

his vision. What is our

incumbent President’s

vision of Nigeria by 2023? If

there is a vision, how would

he get there? The delay

does not tell us that there is

a vision to see a better

Nigeria in 2023. It is not about

anybody’s comfort but national interest.

When he was campaigning, one would

assume that he met people during that


On insecurity

Lagos and Oyo States have set good

examples in tackling insecurity with

security trust funds. Many states should

introduce that. The Police should tackle

illegal arms trafficking. Its often said that

the Fulani who come from foreign

countries through our porous borders are

responsible for the insecurity. Who are

those patrolling the borders? Is it not the

police and customs? I read about the

order given to the Fulani by Northern

Elders Forum and I don’t think it is

helpful to the country. I think we should

go to the root causes. The National

Livestock Transformation Programme

,NLTP, cannot exist side by side with the

Rural Grazing Area , RUGA. However,

who are the owners of the cows? We talk

about the herders, who are the owners of

the cows? In the final analysis the cows in

the Middle Belt may be owned by people

from the Middle Belt, yet, we talk about

Fulani herdsmen. There is no enough

probing of that aspect of herdsmen/

farmers controversy. The NLTP is the way

to go. RUGA should be scrapped. RUGA

cannot coexist with the NLTP. Whenever

they are implementing the NLTP, they

should be able to tell us who the cattle

owners are. The owners are private

citizens who are profiting from the

business and their profit should not be at

the expense of human lives. Focusing on

herdsmen alone would not solve the


Ex-President Olusegun Obasanjo in his

letter, suggested a conference to know

what the grievances of the Fulani are. Do

you see that as one of the strategies that

would address the crisis?

Ethnic nationalities were at the 2014

Confab where security issue was among

the subjects discussed. If they are

claiming the Fulani from across the

borders are responsible, are they going to

invite foreigners to the conference?

President Obasanjo is a member of the

National Council of State and for him to

have resorted to writing letters means

that the forum is dysfunctional. I don’t

know the type of conference he suggested

but this is the time for action not another


On education deficit and poverty

The link between education deficit and

poverty is very clear. Education deficit

also leads to weak economy. I think the

magnitude of the problem is that between

10 and 13 million children are out of

school. The solution is in our constitution

just that it is not being implemented. It

is in Chapter 2, Fundamental Objectives

and Directive Principles of State Policy,

Section 18, 3. It states that government

shall strive to eradicate illiteracy and as at

when practicable provide free,

compulsory and universal primary

education, free secondary and free

university education. International

practices show that the benefit of

education at the university level goes

more to the individual than the society.

Primary education helps to reduce poverty

and tackle insecurity. That is why the

emphasis is on free primary and free

secondary education.

I would argue that leadership failure is

the primary explanatory factor for the

continuing increase in the number of

Nigerians living below the poverty line.

A development-oriented political

leadership with knowledge, vision,

integrity and courage would have

arrested the rot. Normally, a

development-oriented leadership would

focus on a country’s progress in growing

its economy, reducing poverty, assuring

security, and moving towards prosperity

for all its citizens. According to the

development literature, good

development performance is achieved

through the building of institutions that

ensure state capability. These are the

institutions that enable the state to

perform above average in carrying out the

fundamental tasks of a modern state.


Give and be ready to receive


ive, it shall be given

unto you; good meas

ure, pressed down,

and shaken together, and running

over, shall men give into

your bosom. For the measure

that ye mete withal it shall be

measured to you again”. Luke

6 vs. 38 King James Version

of the Holy Bible.

Brethren, you must have

heard this particular Bible

verse used as a reference point

during church services or other

church programmes.

Often times, this verse is

quoted when making a point

about the need for Christians

to pay tithes which is appropriate.

However, reflecting on

the verse, it simply means that

those who do not sow should

not expect to reap.

The question is what do you

sow? To whom do you give and

what is your expectation?

A Christian who is not a giver

cannot truly be called a

Christian. The one who waits

until people beg from him or

her to give is not living according

to the word of God.

Perhaps you are thinking

that only those who have

enough or extra can give. You

are wrong. Giving in the sense

that the Holy Bible means

here is not necessarily about

money. Our Lord Jesus was a

giver. He cared about others

and still cares about us.

Matthew 14 vs. 14-& 15 recorded

the activities of our

Lord Jesus thus: “ And Jesus

went forth, and saw a great

multitude, and was moved

with compassion toward

them, and he healed their sick.

And when it was evening, his

disciples came to him saying,

This is a desert place, and the

time is now past; send the multitude

away, that they may go

into the villages, and buy

themselves victuals”.

Verse 16&17 “ But Jesus said

unto them, They need not depart;

give ye them to eat. And

they say unto him, We have

here but five loaves, and two


Brethren, I am sure you are

familiar with this story. The

five thousand were fed and

there was a left over of 12 baskets”.

It’s one of the miracles

of our Lord Jesus.

Many lessons can be drawn

You talk too much

(Handling that Chatterbox)

j a n e t . a d e t u



from this simple passage.

First is that Jesus was “moved

with compassion”. When the

disciples suggested that he

should let them go and find

some food, it wasn’t because

the disciples were unkind or

unfriendly. They made their

suggestion based on physical


Secondly, unknown to the

disciples, the great Provider

has already placed in their

hands what was needed to take

care of the multitude.

The Lord Jesus took an action

that provoked the miracle

as recorded in verse 19 of

Matthew 14 “ And he commanded

the multitude to sit

down on the grass, and took

the five loaves, and the two

fishes, and looking up to heaven,

he blessed, and brake, and

gave the loaves to his disciples,

and the disciples to the


Brethren, you will see from

this passage that Jesus gave

to those who could not give to

him. When last did you give

to the poor? When last did you

make a donation to an orphanage?

Though you know

that children are a heritage of

the Lord.

Brethren it is not only money

that you can give. How

much service do you give to

Who is that chatterbox

around you? That

person that talks

non-stop, sometimes important,

interesting and intriguing

topics. Other times that

chatterbox, also known as a

talkative can surely get on

your last nerve. Most times

you realize they are busy talking

about nothing substantial

or of value to you at that time.

They are simply rumor mongers

whining and wasting

away the entire work day.

It is true that there are times

when you will enjoy a good

gossip to keep the ball rolling

during social networking

gatherings. However, as a

professional you run the risk

of silently tarnishing your

image if you are known to be

that person who pays less attention

to the work and more

attention to being noticed. If

anything at all within the office

your personal goal will

determine the level of our focus.

Given the challenging

recession your aim should be

to boost your polish, productivity

and performance, after

all your promotion will not be

presented on a platter of gold

but on the basis of your consistency.

Could you be that chatterbox?

When you find yourself

in the midst of someone who

simply cannot stop rambling

on what do you do?

A number of things would

happen if you allow this trend

to continue:

1. It will disrupt your daily

agenda and target for the day.

2. It will mislead and distract

your attention for what

is important for the

day’s accomplishment.

3. It has the potential to

stir up strife within the office

among workmates.

4. It has the potential to

stir up negative emotions

5. It can be responsible

for generating low moral towards


It becomes challenging

when the chatterbox is your

direct colleague, who persistently

distracts your job role,

exhibiting more of a pessimistic

than optimistic view to life.

Why do some people enjoy

having something to talk

about all the time, regardless

of the time of the day, the environment

and people they

are among? It is truly about

diverse personalities, channeling

energy wrongly and

the lack of focus.

How best to handle that

chatterbox - Chatterbox Etiquette

1. The body says everything

Simply where you have a

PRESCO: Eku Traditional Council condemns

protests, reaffirms Ogbemudia as PG

he Eku Traditional Coun

Tcil, Ethiope East local

government area of Delta

State, has condemned a protest

by Ovre-Eku people, calling

on PRESCO Plc to quit

their land while reaffirming

Chief Jury Irikefe Ogbemudia

as the recognized President

General of Eku Progress

Union, after the tenure of the

former President General,

Chief Joseph Ukueku.

Chief Godwin Aganbi, the

traditional prime minister

(Otota/Ugbeneko) of Eku

Community, made this statement

at his country home, Eku

while speaking to newsmen

on the recent protest embarked

on by Ovre-Eku people

to the Governor’s Annex,

Warri, pointing out that the

council are not aware of the

protest and have no hand in


Aganbi said, “Nothing is

wrong about the publication

of the President General,

Chief Ogbemudia that

should lead to a protest to

Governor’s Annex, Warri, the

report was a statement of facts

as he is the President General

and they have no issue with

PRESCO Plc, apart from the

issue of boundary adjustment.

The Secretary to the Eku

Traditional Council, Chief

Mathew Erhijakpor who added

his voice to Chief Aganbi,

said the only Eku President

General recognized is Chief

Jury Ogbemudia, and no other

person, calling on the Ovre-

Eku to remain calm while

government comes up with a

blue print on the lingering

boundary issue.

A prominent leader from

the Ovre-Eku quarters, Chief

Williams Omadefe also

pointed out that the area is not

Ovre-Eku but Iwevbo community

of Orhionwon local

government, Edo State, calling

on the indigenes to allow

PRESCO Company to develop

the area rather than resorting

to protest and advised

those using the youths and

women to foment trouble to

desist henceforth.

Mrs. Vivian Onomavwe and

Madam Rose Akomake, who

also said, "We are farmers in

Iwevbo, where PRESCO is

operating on Oil palm and

this has not stopped us from

farming, the company had

employed our children and

husbands whom till date earn

monthly salaries, so why do

we disturb them.”

the work of God?.

When you give, how do you

give? Do you give cheerfully

or grudgingly?

A certain woman in Lagos

was married for about 15

Are you enduring

your marriage when

you ought to be

enjoying? Take it to

the Lord in prayer.

That baby you have

been waiting for will

soon begin to kick

inside you

years without children yet she

would voluntarily beautify the

children’s auditorium with

painting and other decoration

to make the place attractive

to children so that they would

like to attend Bible classes and

church services.

The point here is that this

woman knew that the children

were not in any position to reward

her yet she continued

supporting the children.

She didn’t stop at that, instead

of throwing lavish birthday

parties, she would rather

locate an orphanage and donate

foodstuff and other materials.

She was giving without

expecting a reward from

those she gave.

But God Almighty, the one

who rewards kept a record of

colleague that you deem a

chatterbox, you can say so

much without saying a single

word. Your body language will

indicate your interest or not.

Your facial micro expression

can show you are put off or

totally in disapproval of what

is being said. Avoid being aggressive

or insulting in trying

to get rid of that colleague. If

handled well, the message will

be clear.

2. Get right to it

You know your target for the

day or so you should. You may

have allowed and condoned

the chatting I the past. When

you discover the trend don’t

waste time when it comes to

ignoring the person or persons.

Get on with the real business

of the day, appear to be

very busy and indicate you are

not interested.

3. Say it like it is

her activities and remembered


This second half of the year,

either your enemies like it or

not, the Lord will remember


Whatever you have been

aiming to possess will soon

belong to you. Indeed you will

have an overflow in the name

of Jesus.

Many of us like to make

people sweat before we give.

Even when we are in a position

to give with ease.

The Holy Bible cautions

against this attitude in Proverbs

3 verse 27 “ Withhold not

good from them to whom it is

due, when it is in the power of

thine hand to do it”.

Here we are discussing giving

as it relates to our relationship

with other human


What about giving to God?

Brethren, do you know that

our God is not in need. He is

the All Sufficient God.

However, we can give to

support his work as a way of

winning souls for the kingdom

of God. We can also give to

expand the work of God and

propagate the gospel.

The man of God, Pastor Enoch

Adeboye in his daily devotional

book, Open Heavens

wrote on the topic “ Give, give

and Give Again”. In other

words, we should never be

tired of giving.

He wrote, “ … As long as

you still have anything to

give, give and give again. The

good thing about giving is that

the giver can never lack something

to give”.

Simply put, the more you

give, the more you are blessed

İ don’t know what aspect of

If you are the superior or the

boss put policies in place for

poor conduct. Lay down the

simple rules of proper behavior

and consequences for its

breach. If it is your colleague,

let that person know what you

do not like, and advice that

you can catch up over lunch

hour. If you believe that you

are the talkative make a conscious

effort to reduce the

length of your conversations

and watch the image you are


4. Step aside

There will be moments

when you will need to avoid

such people if only to get very

important work accomplished.

Operating from a different

workstation if need be

may do the trick. Send direct

messages across of your need

to concentrate and your level

of seriousness. Let none other

life you need a breakthrough

but be confident that the great

provider is able to meet that


Are you worried about the

future of your children who

are jobless graduates? Worry

is not the answer. Take it to

God in prayer and God will

provide jobs for them. The

one who is unemployed today

is soon to become an employer

in Jesus name.

Are you enduring your marriage

when you ought to be

enjoying? Take it to the Lord

in prayer. That baby you have

been waiting for will soon begin

to kick inside you.

Brethren, find time to give

to others especially the less

privileged and give to God.

When you give to the less privileged,

God will give to you

openly and many will rejoice

with you.

As you give continue to remind

the Lord to remember

you. Make declarations to

your self concerning your

breakthrough and it will


Making declarations is a

statement of your claim to the

word of God for your life and

the rejection of a challenge.

As you wait on the Lord for

your children, begin to call

yourself, the name or names

of that child or children you

want and God will honour his

word in your life.

Since givers never lack according

to the word of God,

continue to give and you will

soon experience an overflow

of whatever you lack in Jesus


Have a fruitful week.

sabotage your image and

chances of future success. In

an open plan office try to engage

a rapport and relationship

with other key colleagues

that way you will find it easier

to move around and spend less

time with one person or group

of people.

5. Silence is the best answer

This is a last resort and will

need to be practiced with caution.

The objective is not to

cause or stir up malice but to

let your colleague know that

you are swamped in your current

assignment. A few silent

murmurs will indicate that the

time to talk is not now or simply

say that you are busy at

that time so clearly cannot accommodate

any chat.

6. Don’t pick that call

You may be saddled with a

colleague who calls at wrong

and odd hours lingering on

regardless of the time of the

day. With caller ID it is easy to

avoid unwelcome calls especially

if they come first thing

in the day. Return missed calls

when you have much more

time on your hands.

7. Watch your words

The office is a sensitive place

to gossip as it can backfire if

not managed well. Simply

watch your words with all that

are concerned and be mindful

of your contributions to

delicate discussions to avoid

being miss-quoted. Refrain

from being that Chatterbox In

the office.


Member representing Isoko South 11, Delta State House of Assembly, Hon. Ferguoson

Onwo (left), and Engr Emmanuel Sinebe,representing Patani, , Delta State House

of Assembly, during a plenary of the House. Photo byFestus Ahon

Vanguard, SUNDAY, JULY 21, 2019, PAGE 27

Why falling inflation rate has no effect on Nigerians

— Economists

•Dr. Aliyu Audu •Basil Enwegbara •Dr. Obadiah Mailafia

By Victor ‘Tunde Oso

SOME notable economists in

the country have given

reasons why the recent consumer

price inflation fall has failed to

have positive impact on the living

standards of Nigerians.

In various chats with Sunday

Vanguard, they listed adverse

double-digit inflationary range;

worsening unemployment

situation for the working age

population of 15-64 years; weak

macro-economic performance;

insecurity, manifested in herdsmen

and bandits taking over

farmlands, thus causing

insufficient local food production;

lack of adequate welfare

government programmes that

have proper trickle-down effect on

the economy, among other reasons

for the crushing poverty in the


The National Bureau of

Statistics had, in its latest

assessment of the economy, said

Nigeria's consumer price inflation

fell to 11.22 percent year-on-year

in June 2019 from 11.40 percent

in the previous month, adding that

this was the lowest inflation rate

since July 2018.

However, a former Deputy

Governor, Central Bank of

Nigeria, Dr. Obadiah Mailafia,

said we are still not within the

desirable single-digit range.

According to Mailafia, there is

also evidence of a worsening unemployment

situation for the

working age population of 15-64

years. According to the NBS, unemployment

has risen to 23.1% as

contrasted to an earlier figure of

19.01 percent. During the course

of 2018 Nigeria overtook India as

the world capital of poverty. The

number of poor as internationally

defined has risen from 77 million

in 2018 to 80 million in 2019.

He emphatically said Nigerians

have become poorer with the

worsening crisis of

unemployment where more and

more of our children falling

outside the school system.

Basil Enwegbara, development

economist and international

finance specialist, said Nigerian

food supply cannot be in its worst

situation. “There is no worse resultant

effect of the herdsmen and

bandits taking over farmlands

than farmers, now afraid of

becoming either killed or

kidnapped and thus have

abandoned their farmlands,

IF she didn’t buy the Dangote

cement bag herself to find the

winning scratch card, she definitely

would not believe that the Dangote

Cement Bag of Goodies promo is real.

Even after the confirmation by the

company that she has won the star

prize, she is yet to come to terms with

the reality of being a proud owner of

a brand new saloon car which in the

general parlance is referred to as “tear


For Mrs. Godwin Chimezie Success,

a fresh English/Education graduate

from the Federal University,

Gombe, Wednesday, July 17, 2019 will

remain a day never to be forgotten.

Just as her name suggests, Success

accompanied her to the retailer shop

somewhere at Olodo area of Ibadan.

On this day, Chimezie Success' life

was suddenly turned around from

that of an Applicant to an exotic car

owner, even to her own amazement,

courtesy of Dangote Cement Plc.

Behold, Godwin Chimezie Success

who just emerged the Star Winner of

Dangote Cement 'Bag of Goodies'

National Consumer Promotion in the

South West Zone was publicly presented

her winning prize, a brand new

GAC Salon Car, at the Mingles Event

Centre, Magazine Road, Jericho,

Ibadan, Oyo State capital, in the presence

of major distributors and retailers

as well as some officials of oyo

state government including the Deputy

Governor of Oyo State, Engr. Rauf

Olaniyan, who represented by his Principal

Private secretary, Mr. Laide Raji.

Chimezie’s winning is coming on

the heels of a similar winning a week

ago in Abraka, Deta state by a cement

retailer Benjamin Igherighe who became

the first consumer of Dangote

Cement to win one of the 43 cars on


This Star Prize, according to Engr.

Joseph Makoju, Group Managing

Director of Dangote Cement, was just

one out of the seven luxury cars earmarked

for consumers in the South

West Region in the ongoing National

Promo. Makoju revealed that in all, a

total of 43 cars have been lined up for

grabs nationally by lucky winners

across the various geopolitical Rewhich

are now lying fallow


Dr. Aliyu Abubakar Audu, a

member of the Nigerian

Economic Association, said even

when the president signed the

2019 budget in June, delaying the

budget implementation because

there’s no federal executive

council in place, has put a squeeze

on the economy because

government is the highest spender,

which the private sector is


According to Audu declining

inflation rate has no impact

because “The Federal

Government has a history of not

implementing more than 60% of

her budget, which has not been

good for the economy leaving

deficit in infrastructure, with the

threat of another recession


Lead Director of Centre for

Social Justice Limited by

Guarantee (CSJ), Eze Onyekpere,

disputed the NBS’ claims,

maintaining that the economy has

rather been stagnant in the first

half of 2019. “This is due to the

fact that it has not been properly

directed by the political and

economic leadership.”

Onyekpere said the economy

grew by about 2.1% only, at a time

the human population is growing

by 2.7%, which means the

population is outgrowing economic

development. “And there is no clear

agenda from government to reverse

this trend. Thus, we are still in

negative territory. You will recall

that our economy was growing at

about 6% per annum some years

ago and was one of the fastest

growing economies in African but

now, we are one of the worst

performers. We still have double

digit inflation even though it has

How Dangote Cement promo turns graduate applicant to car owner

gions of Nigeria as the National Promo

continues until the end of the third

quarter of the year. Variety of other

prizes include 24 tricycles, 24 motorcycles,

550 refrigerators, 400 television

sets as well as a total of

N200million cash.

Visibly emotional Chimezie Success,

who was accompanied to the

presentation ceremony by her husband,

Mr. Godwin, was short of words

as the whole episode just seemed like

a dream to her.

However, by the time she managed

to express her gratitude to Dangote

Conglomerate for 'this valued gift'

which she pledged to use for the purpose

of which it is meant 'for the glory

of God', she was highly excited and

could no longer keep the joy to herself.

Her words: "I will first of all say a

very big thank you to Dangote Cemnet

Company. I did not take the Promo

very serious initially as I thought

it was a joke, not knowing that it is a

reality. Dangote should endeavour to

continue with this type of empowerment

initiatives which, I believe, will

go a long way in changing the fortunes

of many Nigerians like me positively."

Pressed to speak further, Chimezie

Success explained that she bought 15

bags of Dangote Cement somewhere

in Ibadan out of which she had discovered

the winning scratch card from

one of the bags.

The young housewife and her husband

had resolved to use the cement

for the purpose of moulding some

blocks to construct a demarcating

fence as security round a plot of land

they just acquired somewhere in

Ejioku village in Ibadan, not knowing

that the winning scratch card was

divinely tucked inside one of the bags

to transform the life of the family.

Chimezie Success has a message

for members of the public. She enjoined

the populace to continue to take

Dangote Cement by their words in all

its ramifications. “They said it and

we found it to be so, this is quite surprising,

a car in a bag of Dangote cement,

quite unbelievable.”

Oyo State Deputy Governor, Engr.

Rauf Olaniyan who spoke through

L-R: Excited Winner of star prize, Saloon Car, Mrs Chimezie Success

Godwin; Marketing Director, Dangote Cement, Funmi Sanni; Group

Managing Director, Dangote Cement, Engr. Joseph Makoju; Representative

of Oyo State Deputy Governor, Laide Raji, Private Principal Secretary

to the Deputy Governor; and National Sales Director, Dangote Cement,

Adeyemi Fajobi; during the Dangote Cement "Bag of Goodies"

consumer promotion star winner presentation in Ibadan, Oyo State.

Mr. Laide Raji at the event commended

Dangote Group for the noticeable

connection between the company and

the consumers submitting that

Dangote Cement is fast becoming a

global brand of first choice.

The Deputy Governor congratulated

the star winner in the same vein

while urging her to be a good ambassador

for Dangote.

Engr. Joseph Makoju, the Group

•Eze Onyekpere

come down from its high 18% to

less than 12%. But this is still not

acceptable inflation rate for an

economy in search of growth and


He added that we have an

unemployment rate in excess of 23%

and majority of our unemployed are

the youths, who we acknowledge as

our major resource and the leaders

of tomorrow. “We are not putting

their energies and skills to

productive use. The practical

implication of this is that we are

not seeking to rebuild our economy

with all the available resources for

progressive improvements to the

standard of living.”

They unanimously punctured the

NBS data, repudiating its

favourable, but academic declining

inflationary rate and insisted that

Nigerians still experience

deplorable living standard.

basis, Engr. Makoju remarked that it

can only continue to keep its leading

position in the market by upholding

consumers' loyalty through good service,

sustained quality and affordability

Ṁakoju said the company was decided

to run the biggest promo ever in

the country as a way of contributing

to the economic wellbeing of the consumers

of its products given the prevailing

economic situation. He said

the promo is to reward valued consumers

for their unflinching partnership

in ensuring that our range of cement

products remains today the first

choice for construction purposes

across the country and added that the

consumer promotion gives opportunities

for existing and new consumers

to get a step ahead of their struggle

for economic emancipation by winning

any of the give-away items which

has economic value.

“We have made it so transparent

that you don’t have to go through any

raffle draw or the so called lucky dip

associated with many other promotions

in the country. For Dangote cement,

you win instantly because what

is revealed in the scratch card is what

you win”, he stated.

Explaining why Dangote Cement

launched such a humongous promo,

Engr. Makoju explained that Dangote

Cement is the largest in Africa with

the largest production capacity and

therefore decided to reward the consumer

in the biggest way ever experienced

in the country.

Investors should consider opportunities REIT offers – Etoniru

By Tolulope Oke

anaging Partner of a lead

Ming real estate firm, Joe

Etoniru and Associates, Mr. Chidi

Etoniru, has said the Real Estate Investment

Trust, REIT, offers an alternative

way to invest in property.

He explained that REIT does not

just own property, but manages property

on behalf of shareholders.

Etoniru said this yesterday in Lagos

while briefing newsmen on the

latest innovations in the industry by

his firm.

His words:” One of the steadiest

sources of legitimate wealth is an

Managing Director had earlier, in

his address, paid glowing tributes to

the supportive organisations notably

the Nigerian Society of Engineers

and the network of distributors across

the country who he described as the

foot soldiers and very important elements

in the production chain.

While maintaining that the Conglomerate

churned out eight million

bags of Dangote Cement on daily

investment in real estate. At some

point, your mind pictures having

houses and lands. You probably tell

yourself it isn’t as easy as it sounds

and forgets totally about the idea.

But the truth is that you also probably

never heard that you can invest

in real estate without buying a property

or becoming a landlord.

“You don’t need a lot of money for

this investment. Before we dive deep

into this investment opportunity, let

us get familiar with it. One of the

investment opportunities that real

estate offers is Real Estate Investment

Trust, REIT. People hardly talk

about it because lots of individuals

are not aware of the possibilities

locked in it. REIT is a company that

owns and, in most cases, manages a

property on behalf of shareholders.

“Essentially, real estate investment

trusts offer an alternative way to invest

in property. If you’re considering

investing in buy-to-let, REIT is a

good option since it has the benefit

of giving you access to a portfolio of

property without having to own a

single house and without the complications

that accompany being a

landlord. REITs allow investors to

share ownership in non-residential

property like hotels, malls, and commercial


PAGE 28, Vanguard, SUNDAY, JULY 21, 2019




We need more German language teachers in Nigeria

– Goethe Institut Director

By Prisca Sam-Duru

& Vera Anyagafu

ould you briefly tell us

Cwhat Goethe Institut

does in Nigeria?

Good! It is important to

mention that a lot of people

think that Goethe Institut is a

kind of foundation, so when

you need money, you go and

apply, we are not a

foundation. We create our

own projects in co-operation

with local partners on topics

that are really relevant. I

observed that when I came

here two years ago, it was

really difficult because every

week, I received emails from

artists seeking financial

support and I said this is not

possible. First of all, we are not

a foundation and we do not

have such budget. However,

we know that in Nigeria,

there’s hardly any support for

artists. Here in Lagos, it may

be a little bit easier than it is

for artists in Jos or Benin City

so, we conceived the idea of

an open hall. This happens

once every year. The open hall

is usually in January or

February. So here, we look at

initiatives by the artists. They

have to explain what kind of

initiatives they’re proposing,

the topic, their mission and

the duration. Then, we look

at how we can help but we

make it clear that we are not

covering everything. For me,

it’s all about co-operation. This

year, we have more than 70

applications from all over the

country and of course, we are

not able to support all. We

have the jury that helps in the

selection of artists and it’s

always difficult to decide

which project we are going to

support. So, this year, we are

supporting 14 projects.

Aside supporting artists,

what other specific areas does

the institute operate?

Goethe Institut has three

departments. The first one is

the Language Department

which caters for Nigerians

Friederike Möschel is the Director of Goethe Institut Nigeria, a position

she has occupied since 2017.

In this interview conducted at her office in Lagos, Moschel offers insight

into the cultural relationship between Germany and Nigeria especially

as it concerns culture producers, activists and artists. Excerpts:

•Friederike Moschel

who are interested in

Learning German language.

Majority of our students are

university students as well as

business people. There are

also those who want to study

in Germany so they want to

prove that they have learned

German. Every year, we have

about 3,000 German exams

here at the Institut. There is

the Culture Department.

Here, we mainly do events

and workshops together with

be a uniting factor for the

people, the festival evoked

fond memories of greatness

through hard work. Yam is

the main agricultural crop

of the Igbos and also the

staple food of the people.

Royal fathers from

different communities,

government officials,

politicians, community

leaders, friends and

residents thronged the

festival venue in their tens

of thousands. Hospitality

and friendship of the people

were on display as visitors

were treated to uncommon

scenes, including the royal

dances and the traditional

unveiling of the yam barn.

The traditional rulers

equally added colour and

glamour to the event with

their unique dresses and

sundry dance steps. It was

indeed a time to relish.

One of the highlights of

the festival was the

welcoming of guests by the

traditional rulers who were

accompanied by their wives

and presentation of kola

nut and subsequent visit to

the yam barn to open it and

perhaps, signal the

beginning of the new

planting season.

According to Chairman,

Cultural Festival

Nigerian partners in the field

of culture. You know that the

culture scene of Nigeria is

manifold. We’ve had for

decades, workshops on films,

photography, literature,

painting, music and currently,

we are focusing on a lot of

programmes for young

people. The third department

is Library. Here, we have

information to help people

especially people learning

German and they also do a

lot of co-operation projects

with Nigerian Library,

publishing houses and writers.

We opened our office here

right after independence so

we are an old institution. Our

main mission is about cooperation

in the field of

culture and art. We are also

focusing on exchange

programmes. So it’s not just

about bringing in Nigerian

artists to Germany, it’s the

other way round. It’s

important to have Nigerian

artists going to work with

artists in Germany but I think

it’s as important to have

German and European artists,

culture experts and activists

also come to Lagos to see what

is happening. I mean Lagos

is one of the biggest cultural

hubs in Africa. So far, those

who’ve participated have

been fascinated with what

they’ve seen. It’s important

especially when you deal with

prejudices, so for some

people, it’s an eye-opener to

come here and see what’s

going on. And when they go

back to Germany, they are like

wow; Lagos is so amazing.

Are the German exams

that necessary?

The Goethe Institut is

purely for cultural exchange

and German Language. It’s

very necessary to learn

German language and also

Committee, HRH, Eze

Lucky Okoro, the essence

of the festival is to

showcase the culture and

tradition of the people in

terms of their agricultural

activities to the world.

“Our cultural festivals are

veritable platforms for us

to propagate or project our

values, identity, beliefs,

social and economic

interests as a people,” he


The royal father

described Owerri-West as

take the exams because for

instance, someone needs to

travel or move to Germany to

be with a family member who

lives in Germany, the

authorities need to be sure

that he or she is able to

communicate. If a doctor for

instance needs to go and work

in Germany, then he needs a

higher level of knowledge in

German Language to be able

to communicate with


How’s the cultural

relationship between

Nigeria and Germany?

Personally, my impression

about the cultural relationship

between Nigeria and

Germany is very good.

Recently, we had workshops

with experts from Berlin on

virtual reality in journalism;

how we can use the media

optimally in the internet age.

We had 11 journalists from all

over Nigeria who participated.

It was amazing how

enthusiastic they were and

our experts from Germany

said they’ve never seen as

much excitement from any

other place as they saw in


So, for Goethe, it’s not just

about bringing Germans to

tell us how to do something

because Nigeria’s field of

culture is very developed. It’s

about discussing how we are

doing things here, how

things are over there and not

for experts to come here and

say this is how it must be

done. I mean Nigeria’s art and

culture scene is very global

and most of the artists are

internationally connected.

So, working here is very

interesting and I feel very

happy here because it is a

very satisfying work.

Any challenges operating

in Nigeria?

We need more German

language teachers. We have

a lot of people who are

interested in taking our

courses but our group of

teachers, I mean we could

offer more courses if we have

more teachers. The problem

in Nigeria is that German is

taught in some of the bigger

Owerri-West’s Igbatu Oba Ji yam festival draws dignitaries, tourists

By Benjamin Njoku

The traditional rulers of

the 21 communities that

make up Owerri-West Local

Government Area of Imo

State led the dignitaries,

government officials and

tourists to the makeshift

yam barn located

somewhere within the

festival arena.

Dressed in their stunning

royal apparels, they milled

around the yam barn like

bees around the honey pot,

while the Chairman,

Council of Ndi Eze in

Owerri-West, HRH Eze G.I

Ejimogu, reached for the

two long sticks crossed to

form an ‘X’ shape at the

entrance of the barn and

separated them to mark the

opening of the yam barn,

drawing applause from the


That was the atmosphere

at Umuguma, the council

headquarters, on Saturday,

June 22, during this year’s

edition of Igbatu Oba Ji

annual cultural festival of

the people.

The festival, as old as the

communities that make up

the area, celebrates the

unlocking of the yam barns

before the commencement

of a new farming season. It’s

the official opening of the

entrance to the yam barn or

open warehouse where the

harvested yams are stored

for safekeeping until the

next planting season. The

festival, usually celebrated

in the month of February or

March, was shifted to June,

due to the general elections

which coincided with this

year’s edition.

Interestingly, following

the successful outing of last

year which was organised by

the Presidents-General of

the 21 communities, the

traditional rulers as

custodians of culture and

tradition of the people did

not want to make excuses

for this year’s festival, hence

they headlined the symbolic

marking of Igbatu Oba Ji

festival. Indeed, it was a

colourful ceremony,

showcasing the enterprising

spirit of the Owerri people.

At the event, the

communities sporting their

best clothing took turns to

showcase their cultural

dances and skills, with the

Omenimo dance troupe

leading the way. The Igbatu

Oba Ji is a celebration

depicting the prominence of

yam in the socio-cultural

life of our people.Reputed to

•The Chairman, Council of Ndi Eze in Owerri-West, HRH Eze

G.I Ejimogu, leading other traditional rulers and guests to

unveil the yam barn at the festival.

‘an agrarian zone’,

adding: “We have fertile

land and we are interested

in commercialising our

agricultural activities.”

Speaking further, he said

the yam barn not only

serves as store house for

yam tubers selected for

consumption during

famine period, but also

designed in a way that

yam tubers can sprout

with hanging roots which

makes it easy for carriage

and planting. For Eze G.I

universities like Ibadan, Ife

but a lot of the students

don’t really want to become

teachers but may want to use

the language to do

something else. It’s a

difficult situation. Another

thing is that one might want

to teach but does not have

the talent to be a teacher.

What are some of the

cultural events the institut


We have a residency

programme in which every

year, one Nigerian artist

goes to Berlin for three

months and then we have

three artists from Berlin who

come to Nigeria for six weeks

each and we do that in

partnership with Art House

Foundation. The last

Nigerian artist who was in

Berlin was Taiwo and he had

a performance here in Lagos.

That performance was

developed when he was in

Berlin. There is another

project in which five artists

go back to their schools, be it

primary or secondary schools

which they attended when

they were much younger, to

hold art workshops. The five

artists are usually with

different backgrounds, and

drawn from different parts of

the country. The aim of the

workshop is to show the

parents, teachers and

students that art is not elitist;

you don’t have to live in

Lagos or attend big school

when it’s about art. Art

sometimes is very simple but

it develops creativity.

Creativity is crucial for

everyone because without

creativity, you can’t be a

professional. We also taught

them not to use too much of

expensive materials because

when the materials are too

expensive, the schools or

parents will discourage the

students from becoming

artists on grounds that it’s

too expensive. So they use

materials we can get

everywhere. This again for

me, is a very good project

because we are doing this to

encourage young people

and may be in future, they

would want to go on with art.

Ejimogu, Chairman,

Council of Owerri-

West Traditional

Rulers and

Chairman, Owerri

Zone Traditional

Rulers, the revival of

the festival would

help to encourage the

people to go back to


Speaking at the

event, Governor

Emeka Ihedioha,

represented by the

P e r m a n e n t

Secretary, Culture

and Traditional

Affairs in Imo State,

urged the people to

go back to farming to

be able to feed the

teeming population.

Other dignitaries

at the event were

Hon. Ikenna Eleanya,

Member, representing

Owerri Federal

Constituency, who was also

represented at the event,

Sen. Onyewuchi Francis

Ezenwa, Hon. Kanayo

Onyemaechi, Chief

Emeka Udokporo, who

chaired the occasion

among others. The royal

father of the day was HRM,

Eze Samuel A. Ohiri,

Chairman, Imo State

Council of Traditional


SUNDAY Vanguard, JULY 21, 2019, PAGE 29


Men who love their own company!

When Fela’s wife walked out on

him some 15 years ago, he was naturally

devastated. He’d gone abroad

for a six-week course from his office

and came back to meet an

empty house – his wife of 12 years

and their three children had vanished.

Not only that, the wife had

left the keys to the house in the care

of the night guard who welcomed

him back with a lot of pity in the

eyes. Fela still recalls that fateful

day with a lot of anger. He told me:

“I didn’t know what to make of my

wife’s latest idiosyncrasy. She’d been

very erratic in her behaviour almost

throughout our marriage but this

latest stunt she’d pulled, took the biscuit!

I ran around looking for her

and trying to track down my kids. I

later went to her office and she told

me snootily that she needed a break

from our turbulent marriage, that

she’d settled the kids in a comfortable

flat. I should therefore go and

enjoy my new found freedom, albeit


“For close to two years, I tried all

I could to get the family together

again, but my wife was adamant.

In the meantime, the meals I ate

were horrible because, in fairness

to her, my wife was a smashing cook.

Some house helps I had lasted from

a month to maybe six and most of

the meals they put on the table

would make a dog turn up its nose.

For a long time, I made do with

meals from the office canteen as it

became obvious that girlfriends

who offered to help were more interested

in what financial benefits

they could get from the staggering

food allowance they were always


“Just when I thought I’d reached

the end of my tethers, my mum

called that her next door neighbours

won the American lottery and

would be leaving for the States. She

said she’d already had a word with

their ‘mama nurse’ who was not only

a good cook but a smashing housekeeper,

about working for me and she

had agreed. I’d known the Calabar

woman for years and had even eaten

some of the healthy meals she was

always preparing, so I went to fetch


“The first meal she cooked for me

was the best I’d tasted for a long time.

She was also a darn good housekeeper

and my kids, whenever they

came over, took to her. I had my home

back without the stress of a disapproving

wife. I stopped waving the olive

branch at my wife. I have a semblance

of peace now and I don’t want any

irritant in my life, my meals were

always ready, the house spick-andspan

and if I wanted sex, that was available

too. My kids’ praises of my housekeeper

must have gotten to their

mother because she started coming

for the kids herself instead of asking

the driver to pick them up. When she

realized how cosy my new arrangement

was, she made moves to come

back but I wasn’t having any of that.

“Of what good would a reconciliation

be? I have three kids I adore

and they are all the children I want.

Girlfriends come and go as they

please. Some even move in if they

need to, but I’m always upfront with

them. I don’t want another wife neither

do I want more kids. A few clever

ones even tried the pregnancy trick

but I reminded them they knew the

score. The sensible ones have a good

time with me and quickly find prospective

husbands. I have also helped

a lot of divorces get their self-confidence

back enough to make a new

life for themselves, and one or two

married women have been able to

cope with their husbands’ sexual inadequacies

because I could supply

that part of their needs.

“Sadly, my housekeeper of almost

ten years is getting on in years but

even when she has to go to her village

for short spells, she brings a replacement

who is always equal to

the task. My freedom has cost me a

lot emotionally and financially and

I will resist any woman who wants

to scheme me out of it. The fact that

I don’t have a resident wife doesn‘t

make me a less responsible man - it

makes me the contented, happy man

I now am...”

“Why is it that the children of rich

parents make lousy partners?” asked

Fred when the discussion centred

round his broken marriage “Just because

my ex-wife’s parents made

some input into our financial success,

my wife thought I should be

eating out of her hands like a dog

out of gratitude. For years, I struggled

to keep my marriage afloat until

the day my wife nearly killed me by

smashing a bottle on my head.

“We’d come home after about six

years abroad and thanks to my father-in-law’s

contacts, we bought a

house that was going almost for a

song. He also arranged for the mortgage

payments so I could use my

available capital on my business. It

took another five years to get the

house into the home it now was.

“The day I decided I’d had enough

of the marriage started as any ordinary

day. Christmas was round the

comer and my wife, the typical

Mother Christmas, wanted to buy the

whole world presents to show just

how rich we now were. She was a

chronic shopaholic and had almost

exhausted my liquid reserve on

presents when she suggested she still

hadn‘t bought presents for some relatives.

I was enraged. I put my foot

down and told her we’d bought more

than enough already. She could juggle

the presents we already bought

to go round everybody. She raged

and whined but I stuck to my guns

for once. It was about time I became

the husband I was meant to be. I felt

really proud for not yielding to her

whining demands for once.

“A few days later, she phoned me

at work, pleading she wanted to

stock the freezers for foodstuffs we

would need for Christmas and would

really need some cash. She sounded

so apologetic on the phone that I

felt sorry for her. I told her to take

some cash from where I’d hidden it

in my side of our wardrobe. When I

came back later in the day, I virtually

fell over carrier bags from various

shops she’d visited. With my

heart in my mouth, I rushed to where

I’d kept the money it was all gone! I

charged to where my wife was lounging

in the living room. She was stark

drunk, staring bleary eyed at the television.

“I couldn‘t believe the state she was

in. When I asked her what she did

with all that money, she flew at me,

called me a cheapskate and accused

me of trying to lower her standards.

I shook her angrily, pleading to tell

me where the rest of the money was.

‘You bastard!’, she shrieked, pushing

me away. Before I realized it,

something shattered on the wall beside

me. I was trying to ascertain

what it was when another unidentified

object flew past me. She then

lunged at me with another bottle

whilst I swung around one of the

presents to ward off her attack. In

the end, she succeeded in landing a

bottle on my skull. Pain seared

through me and my wife actually

looked shocked.

‘I quickly grabbed my briefcase

and made for a friend’s clinic. He

put me up in one of their rooms after

examining the gash on my head

which he later sealed with six stitches.

When I went back home, the house

was quiet and I moved out most of

my things. That was some six years

ago and l’ve since settled in my own

flat. After being with my ex for such

a long time and always living at the

end of her neurosis, I’ve found the

peace and quiet I craved. I’m not

saying I would never get married

again but it’s not my priority. I’m so

busy now that I cheish the peace and

quiet that greets me when I get home.

“Go back home” is a daily

racist jibe

There have been lots of reactions

to the tweets of the

President of the United States

of America, Donald Trump

urging four US lawmakers to

go back to their “crime infested

countries" of origin.

There has been no intervening

ground to the reactions -

you are either against his

choice of words or you are in

total support of him. The

trends of reactions have exhibited

a troubling pattern, as

interestingly notable individuals

who should know better

have not seen anything

wrong in the President's

choice of words.

As you would expect, his fellow

Republicans are rallying

support for him, and some

top-ranking politicians publicly

saying that he was exact

in telling the four female lawmakers

off. It is no surprise,

therefore, that some politicians

outside the US are not

straight forward in their assessment

of the tweets. The

two candidates for the United

Kingdom Conservative Party

leadership position, Jeremy

Hunt and Boris Johnson,

have till date, deflected questions

on this.

Trump had tweeted in part:

“So interesting to see “Progressive”

Democrat Congresswomen,

who originally

came from countries whose

governments are a complete

and total catastrophe, the

worst, most corrupt and inept

anywhere in the world (if

they even have a functioning

government at all), now


“... and viciously telling the

people of the United States,

the greatest and most powerful

nation on earth, how

our government is to be run.

Why don’t they go back and

help fix the totally broken

and crime infested places

from which they came. Then

come back and show us


These tweets once again

opened up the debate about

racism and the role leaders

play in strengthening the act.

It is disappointing to note,

but racism remains nonetheless

a standard practice

in a world that is developing

daily in all other areas.

Race relations have continued

to be a significant drawback

for the seeming major

progress achieved in technology,

economics, etc.

From Europe to the Americas,

racism is still prevalent.

People of colour are taunted

and abused daily by racists

that abound all over the

places. And where there are

not called out openly, the

blacks, Asians are institutionally

skewed to be racially


against. This is because the

practice is congenital in

some societies and the citizens

grow with it. Racism is

allowed to fester when people

at the corridor of power

are the lead-racists - by their

words and actions. They

present impressive public

statements on how bad racism

is, yet their words and

deeds privately are devoid of


Trump’s tweet is no surprise

to political followers.

Going by his antecedents, he

has never concealed his loyalty

to the extreme white nationalists’

base. Right from

the campaign trails, Trump

signalled that he was on a

mission to give America

back to the whites. Since his

election and assumption of

office, the President has

made it clear that he has

taken the corner of these

racist elements. His supporters

enjoy him because

they see a leader they could

identify with. His unpredictability

had endeared him to

more white Americans who

are on the bandwagon of

making "America great

again." It is shameful as he

explores the divisiveness of

a country he presides over

for selfish reasons.

It was a documentary

that exposed the

hypocrisy of British

leaders in trying to

keep as many

coloured people

away from the

country so they do

not lose their


Many people are outraged

not for the content of the

tweets but the fact that racism

agenda is set by the President.

The condemnations

have been primarily about

the not so presidential behaviour

of Trump who has

time after time refused to

play above petty politics. His

“them against us” discourses

have continued to portray

him as far from being statesmanlike.

Astonishingly, he

is not fazed by these reactions

rather he is utilizing

them as stepping stones to

achieving his re-election


It would be a catastrophic

error of judgement to think

Trump is the only “racist elephant

in the room.” Trump

is just the vociferous and

shameless leader that is uncultured

to think of restraints

in his public racial

comments. But with a little

analysis of behaviours and

thought patterns of some

world leaders, it would not

be surprising to identify

similarities with Trump's.

It is not only in politics that

leaders fan the fire of racism.

They abound in all aspects

of society. It is saddening

that at this modern age,

we are yet to shake off the

dastardly act of racism. We

recall the racist tweet of

Danny Baker, the axed BBC

radio presenter. He had at

the time of the birth of the

royal baby of Meghan Markle,

and Prince Harry

tweeted the picture of a white

couple walking out of the

hospital with a dressed up


Danny is just an individual

in the corner of the world.

He probably loathes black

people with passion and saw

the birth of the royal baby

as an opportunity to throw

a jab at the race. Individuals

such as Baker and Trump

do exist in a vast number in

society. They care less about

any political correctness, as

they could not set their inner

thoughts to check. For

the blacks in the US, the UK

and elsewhere, these are

what they go through every

day of their lives. Trump is

just one of the numerous

white racist individuals who

nevertheless think blacks

walk around with tails tuck

in their trousers.

Do you know how many

people of colour are called

out every day and advised to

return to their countries?

The call-outs may not be

vocal, but they get them by

emails, text messages, body

languages, rejection at interviews,

etc. They encounter

these on the streets, on buses,

at work, at schools, etc. It

does not matter if you were

born in the country or not,

but as long as your skin is

not white it is assumed you

have an ancestral home that

you could be publicly advised

to go back to at any

time. It is disgraceful, to say

the least.

I smile when I encounter

racists who try to suppress

their feelings. It is typically

not a pleasant task for them,

because once they open their

mouths, you could see the

struggle between being politically

correct and their

real selves. The hate comes

out instinctively. When they

are not speaking, you could

feel the fire of racism in their

eyes and bodies.

It is effortless to comprehend

why countries pay lip

service to change racism

narratives. The leaders that

should be at the front of the

campaign to eradicate this

practice are indirectly promoting

it. Do not be fooled

by the laws and policies released

everyday preaching

race equality and multiculturalism.

They merely exist

on papers while nothing is

achieved to implement


After watching the BBC

documentary, The Unwanted:

The Secret

Windrush Files, I reflectively

understand that Trump had

not acted out of character.

This is on the scale of what

the documentary revealed

about British leaders in the

genesis of the Windrush migration.

Presented by the

award-winning historian,

David Olusoga, it “opens secret

government files to

show how the Windrush

scandal and the ‘hostile environment’

for black British

immigrants have been 70

years in the making.”

It was a documentary that

exposed the hypocrisy of British

leaders in trying to keep

as many coloured people

away from the country so

they do not lose their “Britishness.”

I rest my case by recommending

you search for this

documentary on

YOUTUBE or check the

BBC iPlayer and you will

understand that Trump

tweets are not out of place.


How to tackle

kidnapping, other

crimes with dogs

– Expert

By Emma Nnadozie,

Crime Editor

The Managing Director of Canine

Academy, Ikorodu, Lagos, Oladipupo

Shoneyin, 47, started keeping dogs

since he was four years old. The trait he copied

from his mother followed him till he went to

school in United Kingdom where he busied

himself watching detectives from Edinburgh

police train their dogs in the school pitch. One

day, one of the dogs found a disc and he asked

how did the dog detect the

disc? The trainer said it had to

do with training. That was how

he became interested in

training dogs for police usage,

custom and others,

Today, he is back in Nigeria

with the wealth of experiences

he garnered oversees and he is

alarmed with the rising spate

of crime, especially

kidnapping, in the country and

the inability of security

agencies to make effective use

of dogs in crime detection and

prevention. He barred his

mind to our Crime Editor,

Emma Nnadozie on how best

to use dogs to curb insecurity

in Nigeria.

Excerpts: “I am self trained.

I have read lots of books, and

associated with world class

professionals, and over the

past 25 years, I have asked

them a lot of questions, and

they have helped me achieve

my objectives. All dogs are trainable, but, not

all can be used for specialized purposes

especially police work.”

Let’s talk about

training dogs.

Dogs that are used in the Western world,

whether dogs for the blind or dogs used in

tracking and trailing scent discrimination,

have one characteristic which is called a ‘toy

drive’. The issue is that all the breeds used in

the West for these purposes are all hunting

dogs. What I did is to go into the hunting

communities in Lagos, Oyo and Kaduna

states to see if there could be a link between

conventional detection training and

traditional dog hunting, because they are

closely related, and I was actually shocked

about the similarities. So from there, I could

deduce a way of training our own indigenous

dogs for this purpose. I have even gone ahead

to research how dogs can be useful to


What is the duration for enforcing

different types of training in dogs?

The foundation of all the trainings is what

we call the Basic Obedience Training, BOT.

The sit, stand, come, it is like the primary

school of all training, and just like in human

beings, it’s better to start training the dogs very

early, by that you can achieve the objectives,

and I do quote from the book written by Dr. JP

Scot and Dr. John Fuller in the 1940s, Genetics

and social behaviour in dogs. Human beings

are known to specialise in various fields of

endeavour ,the same thing, certain breeds of

dogs are good at aspects of crime fighting due

to development revolving around genetic




A dog that is trained to track and trail is a

useful tool in the field of scent discrimination,

criminal profiling and suspect apprehension

and arrest. Thus, the use of dogs in law

enforcement can be viewed from three angles,

prevention, apprehension and engagement.

In the case of kidnapping, for instance, when

we walk, we release certain of our traces into

the air, this odour is imprinted on the floor or

on objects we touch, it is even more

recognizable with moisture i.e. when it rained.

A person that was kidnapped in point a, for

example, that walks a certain distance before

A dog that is

trained to track

and trail is a useful

tool in the field of



criminal profiling,


apprehension and


being ferried into a vehicle and driven to point

b, and captured and kept in a house. The

vehicle used may be identified in point b. A

dog trained in tracking and trailing will track

a victim to the point where he was ferried into

the car, at the sighting of the car used in point

b, the dog will be taking to point b, it will be

able to track and trail where the victim is

located. When a victim is kidnapped and there

are reports of suspicious

movement in an area, clothes of

the victim will be used to

establish a scent profile and the

dog can track and trail that

particular victim if kept in a

hideout in that location. Dogs

can also be used to solve and

prevent variety of crimes. For

instance, the invasion of the

National Assembly, a team of

Police K9 trained dogs will

prevent this occurrence, and in

the event that a warning is not

heeded, the dogs will engage and

arrest culprits.

Dogs fitted with CCTV


In raiding criminal hideouts,

dogs that are fitted with CCTV

cameras can be

deployed first,

to pin point and

g a t h e r


prior to a raid on

criminal hideouts. Supposing

one of the suspects is wanted

for a crime previously

committed and some objects

from the crime scene like a

handkerchief was discovered,

if the suspects are lined up, a

dog will be able to

discriminate the scent of that

particular suspect.

Dogs can be dual trained for

specific purposes but it is better

to specialise, a dog will always

revert more to what it does

naturally like guarding for

instance, a dog that is trained

in police K9 work and also

detection, the dog will tend

towards guarding and

protection more because it is

naturally inclined to guard. The

practice is dogs are trained in police K9 and

tracking and trailing which is not a difficult

issue for the dog because of its high olfactory

capability. In continuation of crime solving,

a dog can be used to find human remains,

cadaver and help in arson investigation.


This is what is popularly referred to as sniffer

dogs or detection dogs. It is not limited to

arson and cadaver search, a dog can be trained

to detect explosives, narcotics, cash paper

money, arms and ammunition and anything

that has an odour. The American prison

services have a squad of dogs specifically

trained to detect mobile phones in correctional

institutions. A dog trained to detect cadaver

can search for human remains in a vast area

in single sweep, no matter the duration of the



In the case of arson, there are no arson

detection dogs but, accelerant detection dogs

in an arson case. Certain accelerants are

used to perpetrate the act, in this case the dog

will detect the particular accelerant and the

evidence is used for forensic analysis. I heard

recently how some unscrupulous elements

ferry firearms and ammunitions by placing it

in sacks of oranges or hiding it in drums of

palm oil, a detection dog will easily

discriminate the scent of the fire arm or

ammunition. Recently, there was a ban on

certain drugs like “ codeine “in addition to

this creating a scent pictures, a dog will be

able to detect this with other known narcotics

*Shoneyin displaying how

a trained security dog


cocaine, heroin, marijuana, lsd, etc.



There are different types of explosives

classified into groups as per chemical makeup.

When a dog is trained in one odour in a

group, it recognizes all the odours within each

group. In the case of narcotics as a preventive

mechanism, a dog can be trained to detect

certain ingredients used in manufacturing

illicit substances leading to apprehension and

intelligence gathering.

Containers with ammunition

Last year, there were cases of containers in

which cash and ammunition was stashed. The

advantages of a detection dog are that it can

be trained to detect a combination of scent

pictures. Paper money is a combination of inks

utilized in printing, making each currency

distinct in odour. A dog can be used to detect,

USD, Euro, Swiss francs, Pounds, Cedi etc, the

advantage of a detection dog is that certain

feasible scent profiles or pictures can be

combined e.g. paper money, firearms and

ammunition, this will be a useful tool for the

Nigerian Customs Service.



A student that is not science-oriented can

never become a doctor or a scientist. The same

thing as in a dog that does not possess certain

character traits, it cannot be trained for some

purposes. A dog that will be good at Police K9

must exhibit tendencies to bite and grab

objects; a detection dog must possess a hunting

drive, an ability to chase after objects.

*Shoneyin holding one of

his security dogs

Detection is all about the manipulation of

this hunt drive. A dog that does not possess

certain characteristics for particular

specialised purposes can never be trained

for that purpose. The first thing is to look

for the particular traits of the purpose, once

you have done this, 75 per cent work is

done and then 25 per cent training to

complete. There are breeds of dogs that

have these traits in their blood line. For

instance, German Shepherds are known

all over the world for police work because

of their intelligence and ability to be trained

easily. The spaniels i.e. Springer and cocker,

golden retriever, Labrador are seen in detection

circles. The underlying fact is that they are

hunting dogs. It is my belief and conclusion

that our

Indigenous dogs can be trained for all these

purposes. This is very necessary due to

maintenance costs in view of the ability of

imported breeds to adapt to our climate, eat

local food and the strength of their immune




In order to further explain the olfactory

capability of a dog in America, dogs are been

used to detect certain types of cancer, thus an

era of medicinal detection dogs have been

developed. In Nigerian context, certain band

foods, chemicals, cosmetics, in my view, will

have a scent profile or picture a dog can be

trained for NAFDAC operations with due

interaction and consultation.

Dogs as workforce

for security agencies

The Nigerian Security Agencies and armed

forces should see dogs as part of their work

force. In America, an assault on a police dog

is regarded as an assault on a Police officer.

This should be enough embedded in the minds

of agencies and our national awareness. An

agency that cannot afford to purchase or create

its own canine unit can engage Dog craft

Services and Security LTD ,the vision of the

company is to proffer solutions and augment

the efforts of our law enforcement agencies.



Prerequisites for changing

security narratives

— Stan-Labo, retired colonel

Being a piece written by a retired

Colonel from the Nigerian Army

with over 30 years of active service

to his credit, Hassan Stan-Labo.

The first part was published last




i.Training facilities should be

expanded to accommodate more

troops for greater participation.

ii.Training facilities should be

equipped in line with training


iii. Doctrine and Curriculum

in use should be needs specific.

iv. Training facilities

should be adequately manned by

our best hands and brains who

are knowledgeable and


v. Instructors should be

adequately motivated with the

right welfare packages to

enhance commitment and focus.

It should be made a thing of pride

to be posted as an instructor.

vi. Training institutions

should not serve as dumping

grounds for disgruntled and

indiscipline officers or officers

who have falling out of favour with the



Troops’ welfare conditions must be

prioritised and adequately addressed to

enable the soldier in the forward lines

concentrate on the task before him. He must

continually live with the reassurance that his

family left at the barracks, in the rear, is well

catered for, his kids have not been thrown out

of school due to school fees palaver nor his

pregnant wife having challenges accessing

ante-natal care at the Unit MRS with no show

of concern from authorities.

Suggested Solution:

A far reaching review of troops’ welfare

template is highly suggested to include the

following amongst others:

i.Soldiers’ daily operational allowance to

be increase to N5, 000.

ii. Soldiers on operation to be placed on

double salary per month, one paid directly to

his wife in the rare, and the second to his

personal salary account. The practice of

double salary was in place

in the Moroccan Army all

through their border war

with The Saharawi

The unhindered

influx of small arms

and light weapon,


movement of illegal


herders, bandits,

cattle rustlers and

armed insurgents

hell bent on taking

advantage of the

porous nature of

our borders must

be halted

Democratic Republic

which lasted well over 30

years. The practise provides

adequately for the soldier’s

domestic family needs in

the rare, without the fear

of disruptions to his

planned savings.

iii. The Nigerian

Army Welfare Insurance

Scheme (NAWIS) package

should be reasonably

enhanced in line with present

day realities.

iv. Soldiers with up to

25 years of service should be

entitled to a home befitting

their status on retirement, at

a location of their choice. This

could be enabled through a

soft mortgage facility

attracting a source deduction

of 5% per cent from their

monthly pension only.

v. The NHIS should be expanded to

cover every ailment of the serving or retired

personnel rather than the present selective

practice in which hundreds of retired

personnel with severe body organ issues

(heart, liver, kidney, lungs, pancreas etc.) have

become technically eliminated from the

scheme to face the ultimate consequences of





Nigeria has the most extensive land border

in Africa traversing over 3,000 communities,

105 LGAs, 21 States and over 1571 foot paths

leading in to the Maghreb Region of North

Africa. The level of official complicity,

indifference, tolerance and relaxed disposition

that characterise security activities at our land

borders, negates all border protection


principle with severe consequences for our

internal security.

The unhindered influx of small arms and

light weapon, unchecked movement of illegal

immigrants, herders, bandits, cattle rustlers

and armed insurgents hell bent on taking

advantage of the porous nature of our borders

must be halted. The ECOWAS Protocol on

Free Trade and Movement across borders

should be revisited with a view to assessing its

level of compromise to our National interest.

Even the UK opted out of certain protocols of

the European Union that were not in its

national best interest, e.g the retention of its

Pound currency.

Suggested Solution:

Our current situation calls for the immediate

formation of an Elite Military Border

Protection Force, that would be intelligenceled

and technologically driven with a requisite

capacity and capability to check the on-going

menace at our borders.

a. Capacity – Strength to Perform

i. Special Force Unit.

ii. Air Portability.

iii. Air to Ground Surveillance.

iv. Ground Mobility.

v. Communication.

vi. K9 (Trained Dog) Unit.

vii. Hi-tech driven:

a) Metal detectors.

b) Intrusion detectors.

c) Sound detectors.

d) Narcotic Detection.

e) Sensors of all variety and variance.

f) Surveillance equipment.

g) Covert operations equipment.

b.Capabilities – Task

& Responsibilities:

i. Counter Insurgency task.

ii. Prevent influx of Small arms and

light weapons across own borders.

iii. Aggressive patrol of land borders.

iv. Air to Ground Surveillance.

v. Cyber Operations.

vi. Intelligence Operations.

vii. Liaison responsibilities with border

security agencies & intelligence community.

viii. Prevention of all forms of illegal

immigrants to include, herders, bandits, cattle

rustlers and suspected armed insurgents across

own territorial borders.

c.Composition and Structure:

Details on the Composition, Structure and

modalities covering administration,

operations, logistics, equipment holding,

training, welfare, force generation, etc. could

be worked upon as a tentative discussion paper

for the attention of Appropriate Superior

Authority (ASA).




There are well over 900m illicit Small Arms

and Light Weapons (SALW) in circulation

globally. Of this number, 500m are in West

Africa with Nigeria having 350m within its

shores. (UN 2015 Report on Illicit Arms and

Small weapons.)

The presence of these lethal weapons avail

a boost to the activities of insurgents and

criminals. The art of kidnapping, banditry,

rustling, roadside abductions, and armed

robbery, comes with dire consequences on our

national security, necessitating the compelling

need for a nation-wide mop-up action,

reminiscent of the Amnesty programme

exercise to reduce the amount of illicit

weapons in circulation. The inability of

our security infrastructure to identify

practical solutions to this issue is one of

the major factors responsible for

insecurity across the country.

Developing a strategy to deny

permission to illegal weapons and

ensuring zero accessibility by criminals,

armed groups and extremist should be a

policy priority for Government, if we are

serious about destroying the criminal

enterprise in the country and

guaranteeing safety and security for

citizens. It is interesting to note that, our

failure to manage the free flow of illicit

weapons across our borders is evidenced

by the fast growth of Boko Haram in the

North East.

The Nigeria state is currently at a crossroad

on security concerns and the illicit

proliferation of SALW has had a dramatic

impact on peace and security, threatening not

only the existence of our nationhood but also

the livelihoods of millions of Nigerians across

the nation.

To be continued next week

INSECURITY: Equip police, deploy soldiers to forests — Experts

By Emma Nnadozie,

Crime Editor

The killing of the daughter of Afenifere

leader, Mrs. Olufunke Olakunri, by

suspected herders along Benin – Ore

highway precipitated the possible return of

soldiers to the highways.

Vice President Yemi Osinbajo, who spoke

during a condolence visit to father of the

victim, Pa Reuben Fasoranti in Akure, Ondo

State, stated unequivocally that the Federal

Government would explore all options,

including deployment of soldiers to the

highways to address the growing security


Security experts

bare minds

Most security experts, who spoke to Sunday

Vanguard on the development said the police

should be equipped to do the job.

Others want soldiers deployed to the forests

to fish out those terrorising the highways.

There was a consensus on the need to find a

lasting solution to the menace on the


A retired Commissioner of Police and

renowned forensic expert, Yemi Onasile said

deploying soldiers to the highways would solve

the problem.

He said: “Constitutionally, I believe that is

not the solution. I believe it is just like taking

over the duty of the police. If the police are not

capable to do it, then we should find a way of

making them capable. Constitutionally,

soldiers are not supposed to be on the roads.

Although there is a proviso in the constitution

that if the police cannot cope, they can invite

soldiers and to the best of my knowledge, it is

a job the police can do.

Why police is


“Why are they not capable? There are so

many reasons which I have always given. I

have always said that our recruitment process

is faulty. We are not recruiting the right

people. When we go to the labour market, the

people we recruit are not the right people.

What we need in the police is the best and the

only way to make the police attractive is to

make sure that we don’t recruit the wrong

people. When we recruit the wrong people and

they are given armoured tanks and Ak47, how

will they use it?

Some people are saying the retired officers,

who performed well should be contacted to

return and help solve this situation.

“Actually, soldiers constitutionally can help

the police but it has to be approved by Mr.

President, if the police cannot cope. However,

sending soldiers to the roads means the police

are not capable.”

Crazy situation

On his part, a former military officer and

the Managing Director of Strict Guard

Security, Lagos, Dr. Chinenye Efoziem said:

“If we don’t have enough soldiers, we should

be looking at advanced technology. We have

many ways to survey our highways through

surveillance system. We should be thinking

of modernising Nigeria. We have seen the

world and we know what is going on. Putting

our soldiers on the highways is not the best.

We would be exposing the soldiers to

corruption. From Lagos to Benin there are

many checkpoints on the highway. It is

inhuman to put these soldiers on the highway.

We demonise them, we humiliate them, and

they live like animals on these highways. We

should equip our highways with modern

technology. The era of putting soldiers on

the roads is gone.

“I am sure absence of trust in the Police is

responsible for the decision to deploy

soldiers. At the same time, the police should

be properly empowered to do their job. When

you go outside the country, you can’t see people

policing the highways.’’



On his part, a retired Assistant Director of

the Department of State Security Services,

DSS, , Mr. Dennis Amachree said: “In fact,

the day the Vice President said it, I stated

that it was a wrong approach.

I don’t know why we are sending soldiers to

the roads. Does it mean that the police cannot

fight the bandits? It is when the police are

overwhelmed that they can request the

deployment of soldiers. The police should also

be trained. I think it was a hasty decision and

I think he should have sought for professional

advice. As a result of what he said, the senate

said soldiers would be sent to the roads. How

long are we going to be deploying soldiers?

After a while there will be abuses because

soldiers are not trained to mingle with

people. The police are trained to handle to

respond to such an emergency situation.

Intelligence agencies

to the rescue

‘’We believe strongly that intelligence

agencies should be able to fish out the suspects

because they are not spirits. The intelligence

agencies should go to the communities. That

is why community policing or state police is

very important’’

Another retired Director of the DSS, Mike

Ejiofor said: “My reaction is that deploying

soldiers to the roads is not the solution. People

should be mobilised to be security conscious

and provide information to the security

agencies. The government should discharge

its statutory responsibilities.’’

Soldiers should

go to the forests

The President, Association of Licensed

Private Security Professionals of Nigeria,

ALPSPN, and Presidential candidate of the

Grassroots Development Party of Nigeria,

GDPN, Dr. Davidson Akhimien bared his mind

on the issue.

He said: “The herdsmen are not on the major

roads, they only come when they get the

opportunities to strike and retreat back to the

forest. Soldiers are known to fight battles in the

forest. If we want to eliminate this once and for

all, we must go to everywhere that the enemies

are. The enemies are in the forests and not on the

roads. Let us identify the flashpoints and deploy

soldiers to the forests.

Identify camps, targets

“We can use our maps and go to the bushes

where these people stay. Political will is required

to fish them out. They are not Nigerians and even

the President said that they are not Nigerians.

What are we waiting for? If you want to deploy

a battalion to a particular geographical area,

identify the camps, deploy the battalion, advance

into the bush and arrest or kill them.”

PAGE 32 —SUNDAY Vanguard, JULY 21, 2019

Today many negative cultural beliefs

hamper the health of women and their

babies and, by extension, societal health.

While the effort of the science and health-care

professions is important in improving women’s

health, societal action is long overdue to assure

pregnant women that Caesarian Section

procedure is a safe option for a woman to deliver

her baby. Chioma Obinna writes:

Child delivery for some women is as simple as

ABC but for some women, it is a herculean task

for some reasons beyond their control. While these

lucky women deliver at home naturally, some

also mover into the delivery room and deliver

their babies safe and sound. For many other

women, whether hospital delivery or home

delivery is, challenges and complications abound,

sometimes it becomes so fatal that it leads to loss

of mother and baby.

The untimely death of 24- years-old pregnant

Chizoba Okafor will remain indelible in the

minds of her family. According to her neighbours,

the pregnancy was her first attempt. She had just

finished her national youth service and was lucky

to have been married almost immediately after


But little did she know that her life would be cut

short too soon. At seven months, her doctor had

informed her that the child was not positioned

very well after an ultrasound scan was carried

out on her. That is what medical experts describe

as malpresentation of the foetus. The doctor then

told her that she should prepare her mind for a

Caesarean Section, CS, should the position

remained unchanged till the day of her delivery.

Sadly, on hearing this Chizoba became afraid.

She began seeking all manners of advice from

different women. At a point, she was directed to a

herbal woman, who gave her some concoctions

to take. As the months go by, Chizoba, stopped

attending ante natal and focused more on the

traditional birth attendants her neighbour

introduced to her.

Chizoba is just one of many Nigerian women,

who view the CS as not only abnormal but also a

significant subtraction from womanhood. A few

months later, she went into labour and was rushed

to her traditional birth attendant’s home instead

of the general hospital where she was told she

had a challenge.

After labouring for two days without success,

her husband decided to take her back to the

hospital. Unluckily for her, it was too late as she

had developed complications. Efforts to save her

and her baby proved abortive. Chizoba and the

baby died.

Chizoba is not the only Nigerian woman afraid

of CS. Boade Ajibola was lucky because she is

alive today to tell her story. This is not unconnected

with the fact that in most part of Nigeria, women

who deliver their babies through CS are seen as


But the case of Boade, however, taught her and

some women in her community a lesson. Boade

was said to have been diagnosed with placenta

praevia, a condition where

the placenta presents

before the baby. Out of

ignorance and poverty, she

never attended antenatal

clinic. She is one of the

women that believe that

delivery is a natural thing

and can be done anywhere

because she had delivered

three children. “I could not

believe my eyes when the

worst happened. The

complications were so

much that I was rushed to

the general hospital, where

I was transfused and

operated immediately.”

“I survived because the

doctors insisted they must

perform CS immediately.

CS saved my life, “she said

amidst tears.

“Before now, most people

in my village used to think

Mothers are now

also requesting

Caesarean Section

because they want

to preserve the tone

of the perineum and


that CS is the devil’s work. Most people attribute

it to marital infidelity. Personally, I used to think

that it is a ploy by doctors to collect more money,”

she remorsefully said.

The story of Chizoba and Boade aptly describe

the low awareness of the importance of C- Section

and the trauma faced by many Nigerian women

who are giving birth or about to give birth.

Every single day, Nigeria loses not less than

145 women of childbearing age due to the

complication of childbirths according to 2013

National Demographic Health Survey, NDHS.

According to a joint report tagged: “Trends in

Maternal Mortality: 1990 to 2015” by the World

Health Organisation, WHO, UNICEF, World

Bank and United Nations Population Fund, it is

estimated that Nigeria has approximately 58,000

maternal deaths, accounting for 19 per cent

globally, which also means that at least 800

women die in every 100,000 live births.

Also, the NDHS also estimates that annually,

Nigeria loses 33,000 women, 284,000 newborn

and 1,000,000 children under-five deaths.

Sadly, maternal mortality remains

unacceptably high in Nigeria, ranking among

the highest in the world and the rate of reducing

these deaths have been slow as many of the

contributory factors remain unaddressed.

Although there have been efforts geared towards

addressing the problems, one of the major

procedures that have been adjudged to be safe in

reducing complications in child delivery,

Caesarean Section, CS, a life-saving procedure

has not been widely accepted by most women.

In a report study entitled: “Beliefs, perceptions,

and views of pregnant women about cesarean

section and reproductive decision-making in a

specialist health facility in Enugu, Southeast

Nigeria”, the researchers from the department

of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of

Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria noted that

globally, the CS rate is estimated at 15 percent

but in Africa, it is within the average rate of 3.5

per cent in Africa.

They noted that due to the progress in

medicine, the procedure has become safer over

the years, with many developed nations having

rates well over the WHO

recommendation of 15 per cent.

According to the study,

Burkina Faso, Mali, and

Nigeria all show CS rates below

2 per cent while more developed

regions, including Europe,

Northern America, Japan,

Australia, and New Zealand,

have an average of 21.1 per cent.



They further noted that

despite the above figures, there

has been a rising trend in CS

within Nigeria, a developing

nation in West Africa, with

rates from 9.4 percent in the

1970s and 34.6 per cent

currently, mainly from

unbooked emergency cases.

But they maintained that

women in developing countries, however,

remain averse to CS notwithstanding its

ability to save a life.

Authenticating the report that unbooked

cases of emergency CS was on the rise, a

Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist,

at the Lagos State University Teaching

Hospital, LASUTH, Dr. Modupe Adedeji

explained that the rate of our emergency C-

section is more than their elective (planned)


Why women

need CS

Adedeji also explained that there are

various indications that bring about delivery

via C-section.

According to him, this could be due to some

conditions in the mother, the baby or for both

of them.

He maintained that the main reason for

the intervention of C-section was to save the

mother and the baby or both.

He explained that there a lot of indications

that can predispose women including severe

pre-eclampsia, abnormal lie and

malpresentation of the fetus, multiple

gestations with the leading twin

malpresentation, fetal distress, cord prolapse

or presentation, placenta praevia, abruption

of placenta with a live fetus, fibroid


'Women can

now decide the

dates of birth

of their babies'

occupying the lower part of the uterus, mothers

with pelvic anomaly, mothers who have

undergone vesicovaginal fistula repair,

rectovaginal fistula repair and 4th degree

perineal and obstructed labour among others.

Adedeji further noted that the common

reason for a planned section was repeated

section. That is a woman who had had

previous 2, 3 or more sections.

“We at times allow one previous C-section

to try vaginal birth if there are no

contraindications to it. This is usually done in

a hospital with clear supervision by trained

midwives and doctors. So that when there is a

need to revert to C-section it would be done


We find some women requesting for c-

section due to pain from Labour and delivery.

Because C-section is known to be safe now

and safer anaesthetist measure are carried out.


Adedeji explained that currently, they are seeing

women, who are averse to C-section due to

ignorance, poverty and some bad stories they have


He said the problem is more common with

women in the low socio-economic class; those in

the high aren’t left out due to ignorance mainly.

“Due to poverty and most times ignorance, our

women run to traditional birth attendants, socalled

nurses, churches and some convalescent

home with no coverage of doctors for a cheap

delivery fee only to be referred to hospitals for

emergency c section.”

Continuing, in an interview with Sunday

Vanguard, the Consultant Obstetrician and

Gynaecologist stated that C-section is very safe in

Nigeria and can be used to reduce the rate of the

country’s maternal and perinatal morbidity and


According to him, selected cases are done

according to the skill of each cadre of doctors

available in the teaching and government

hospitals. “For private hospitals, this should be a

guided choice due to so many hospitals springing

up. A private hospital as a choice of delivery should

have a working and equipped theatre with well

trained skilled birth attendants and an

obstetrician available all the times.”

In a media report, a gynaecologist, Dr. Akinola

Oladeji, also noted that the increase in the rate of

CS had been due in part to fall out of emergency


According to Oladeji, many women patronize

sub-standard health facilities or faith-based homes

and by the time they are coming to the hospital,

they already have at least one indication for

emergency caesarean section.

“Another reason for the increase is due to

economic factor in that some medical

practitioner encourages it because of the profit to

be made; it’s more expensive than normal delivery.

“In some hospitals, a C-Section goes for about

N250, 000 to N300, 000 and for multiple births,

it is more. We have up to four C-sections in a

month in this facility,” he said.

Like the saying that what has advantages also

have disadvantages, in a report, a Senior Lecturer

in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology

and Perinatology, Obafemi Awolowo University

Teaching Hospital, Dr Ijarotimi Omotade, who

noted that CS could be justified whenever the life

of the mother or foetus could be in jeopardy if

vaginal delivery was allowed but said although it

is on the increase globally, it remains a cause for

concern considering the risks associated with the


Omotade listed the risks to include maternal

death, bleeding, dangerous clot formation in

blood vessels, infection and anaesthetic


The lecturer said as beneficial as CS is, there

are risks involved with it just like other surgical

operations. She advised that the procedure should

only be done when medically indicated.

She stated that some Nigerian women now

willingly opt for CS due to the pains associated

with natural birth.

“Mothers are now also requesting Caesarean

section because they want to preserve the tone of

the perineum and vagina. Mothers, who want

their babies delivered on a particular day like

their birthdays, husband’s birthday, wedding

anniversary, special occasions like New Year day,

Christmas or other religious occasions are not

left out of social factors.”

However, while there are divergent views on

CS among Nigerians, health watchers say

medical doctors should not see it as an avenue to

make more money but see it as a tool in the

reduction of maternal mortality and should be

done by only qualified hands and when it is

medically needed to prevent avoid increasing the

country’s unacceptably high mortality rate.

New Lion Club DG vows to

complete Ophthalmology

center at OAU

The newly elected District Governor of the

Lion Club International District 404B2

Nigeria, Lion Wesley Kafidiya has vowed to

complete the Lions ophthalmology center at

the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching

Hospital, Ile-Ife and also identified other

community need projects and activities that

will ensure community satisfaction, ownership

and sustainability.

Lion Kafidiya said this at a press conference

organized by the District in Lagos to unveil

his programmes for the Lion service Year 2019/


He said: ‘’The District major focus this year

will be on the Lions Ophthalmology center at

the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching

Hospital, Ile-Ife. While the completion of the

physical structure is receiving appropriate

attention, we have commenced groundwork

towards the furnishing and equipping the

facilities as a Tertiary/Reference Center for all

forms of ophthalmology services under Lion

Clubs International Sight First Program.”

‘’We would also pursue other identified

community need projects and activities that

will ensure community satisfaction, ownership

and sustainability.”

Polmag on Sunday

Rep Ossai to Nigerians: Don’t worry

about bipartisan relationship

between PDP, , APC lawmaker



Ossai Nicholas Ossai is a lawmaker representing Ndokwa/Ukwuani

Federal Constituency in the House of Representatives on the

platform of the Peoples Democratic Party, PDP. In this interview, he

gives an insight into the kind of bipartisan relationship to expect

from members of the House.

Some are of the viewthat the unity displayed

by members of the House across party lines

may not last. What is your take on that?

The choice of the Speaker was a game of

intrigues and members had to make a choice

among the two best people who presented

themselves. I think both of them were really

qualified for the job. Gbaja being one of the

longest-serving legislators in

the country today has an indepth

knowledge of the

legislature. Bago is a two-time

chairman of committees and

highly exposed in the banking

industry before coming into

politics. Both of them contested

keenly but members thought

differently that it was the time

of Gbajabiamila and he was

elected. I believe he is

competent enough to protect

the legislature. It was a good

one and I think he should be

magnanimous in victory, to

reach out to everybody. The

quality of people who are

going to be appointed into

committees, matters. There is

nothing wrong in appointing a

first timer into a committee as

chairman, judging from where

the person is coming from. I

believe they should be

mentored. There is what we call

cognate experience on the job.

It is completely different from

where they are coming from.

The National

Assembly is

completely a


institution that

cannot be

pocketed by any

organ of


They have to understand the institution very

well before they are made chairmen of

committees. I believe that the Speaker being

an experienced person will be able to put the

institution in the right direction. There is

nothing wrong in making new

comers, deputies of committees.

On intrigues

Gbaja has a relationship with a

lot of people and the relationship

has also helped. The PDP did not

take a quick decision or probably

did not galvanize its

caucus very well. At that

time, a lot of members

had already aligned

differently, so it was

difficult for such

decisions to be

completely obeyed and

that was what reflected. The election

showed the majority of the people

wanted Gbaja to be the Speaker.

People have spoken and that is the

way of legislature. The most

important thing is for them to put

their act together and work to defend

the interest of the average person.

We were elected to be the voices of

the people and form a national

consensus on issues. I believe that

patronage should not be the order

of the day but the most important

thing is that our best should be

selected in key positions, that is the

way to go and that is the way I can

advise Mr. Speaker and I want my

colleagues to see it that way. We need

legislations in key areas. I think that

is the direction the ninth Assembly

should look into.

There are fears that external influence

would eventually become a factor in the

House. Do you see that happening?


I think Gbaja was able to define himself this

time of which he couldn’t do in the past. In the

past he was looking at the party and some

leaders of his party to install him but this time,

he reached out to members and defined his


Talking about the committees, the National

Chairman of All Progressives Party ,APC,

Adams Oshiomhole, before now, said

sensitive committees are going to be occupied

by APC members only. How possible is that?

I think the Speaker was able to take a stand

on the issue, by saying the opposition will be

key committees just as the ruling party. That

means it contradicts probably what the party

chairman who does not understand the

institution talked about. When you are talking

from outside as an outsider, you might be able

not to be in tune with what takes place in the

legislature but Gbaja having been there as a

fifth timer understands the institution and

clearly defines what the institution is all about.

The institution means a lot in terms of ranking

and ranking goes a long way by defining what

experience means to the institution. I think

the APC National Chairman has a poor


understanding of how the institution works.

The National Assembly is completely a

separate institution that cannot be pocketed

by any organ of government.

On relationship

I think the old members understand

themselves very well. To me, as a new member

going into the National Assembly all you need

to do is to just keep your head calm, learn from

the process and understand the institution and

then you begin to align and realign. You need

other constituencies to support you. It is a place

to start relationships and partner in the interest

of the nation.

Everyone that ran for the speakership

position cited the frosty relationship

between the executive and the

legislature as what they would fight.

Do you foresee a difference this time?

If am elected me to scrutinise the

activities of another organ of

government, there is no way there won’t

be conflict. In fact, the constitution

envisaged conflicts. The ability to have

a consensus depends on the maturity of

those leading at that particular point. I

believe having been there for a fifth time,

Gbaja would be a bridge builder. I

believe that having come from a party

that believes in him, he would be a bridgebuilder.

I have been in the legislature

since 1999 and I understand the

institution very well. The executive and

the legislature should be able to have a

compromise on how budget issues

should be addressed. There should be a

compromise on issues of taxation, critical

infrastructure like roads network, and job

creation among others.

What priority areas do you want the

House to focus on?

The Ajaokuta Steel Company should be

revived through legislation. Ajaokuta can

give jobs to almost 100,000 persons. Our

youths are suffering. The second priority

is security. When you empower people,

the tendency of being involved in

kidnapping will not be there, the

tendency to get involved in banditry will

not be there, and the tendency to be

initiated into Boko Haram will not be there.

When policing system is decentralised, crime

would be properly fought. The third one is

restructuring of the country. Any legislation

that can restructure this country will be good

for Nigerians.

Buhari no longer has reason not to sign


oral al Act — Adeyanju

By Gabriel Ewepu


And this is an opportunity to call on

rince Deji Adeyanju, a human rights President Muhammadu Buhari to sign the

Pactivist and convener, Concerned Electoral Act. There was the excuse that

Nigerians, in this interview, says mass the elections were too close but now the

action may be staged to force the signing elections are over to set the template for

of the Electoral Act.

real electoral reform for the country

because that is what the amended

Electoral Act seeks to achieve.

What is the position of Concerned

Nigerians on the server controversy?

The issue of electronic voting has

become a subject of controversy all over

the place. The INEC Chairman performed

poorly in the 2019 elections and that is

why we want him out, but don’t be

surprised if tomorrow Prof Mahmood

Yakubu is reappointed and, in

2023, he will even do worse

than what

he has done

now as I N E C

Chairman. T h e

elections he just

conducted, even the


Union and

other key




Is this a fresh call you are making for

President Muhammadu Buhari to sign the

Electoral Act?

Yes. He will be writing his name in gold

if he does that. In fact, it behoves on all

political office holders to lend their voices

to the signing of the Electoral Act. If the

reforming of electoral system is the major

thing the Electoral Act achieves, then we

would have achieved a lot because good

governance evolves from elections, good

electoral system and how leaders are

produced. In essence, if leaders are

produced in fraudulent ways, you do not

expect good governance to take place. In

a situation whereby someone buys his

way into power, when he is in power in

the next four years, what he does is to try

to recoup and pay those who made his

victory possible. If the electoral system

supports credibility, when people get to

office, they will focus on governance

rather than looting public funds.

Are you saying civil society

organisations like yours will mount more

pressure on the President to sign the

Electoral Act, and if he does not, they will

go on protest and demonstrations?

The first thing to do is to engage which

we are doing now. If it becomes obvious

that the President is not willing to sign

the Act, we will be left with no option than

to revert to mass action, street protests.

We are always on the streets and we know

what to do to draw attention to things that

matter in our country. We believe the

President will sign the Electoral Act.

Do you subscribe to political parties

coming together to look into how to

reform the electoral system?

To start with, the political parties are too

many. All we need is four or five political

parties because what is obtainable is a

farce. Majority of the political parties are

brief-case parties registered by some ‘big

guys’ in the major political parties to cause

trouble and constitutional crisis here and

there. They register and use these

mushroom parties for their selfish

interests and not for common good.

Governance should only be for the

greatest good of the greatest number. If

that purpose is defeated,

what we will see is that

governance is reduced to

the will of a few men instead

in the will of the majority.

If it becomes

obvious that

the President

is not willing

to sign the

Act, we will be

left with no

option than to

resort to

mass action

The crises in Edo and

Bauchi states Assembly, are

you not worried about the

situation and the threat they

pose to democracy in


There cannot be a

substitution for what is

right. Democracy is about

popular participation. A

few people in Bauchi and

Edo cannot hijack the

process because there are

laid down rules on how the

Speaker should emerge. A

situation whereby a few

people backed by state

government actors impose

themselves and contravene

the law is not right. The

dance of shame going on at

Edo and Bauchi is

embarrassing and we

condemn it in strong terms and ask that

the governors there do not support what

is going on.

Don’t you see god-fatherism playing out

in the scenarios in both states?

Yes. Absolutely! It still boils down to the

electoral system. If you have an Electoral

Act that penalises people who hijack the

political system, then you don’t need a

god-father to be President, governor,

senator, etc, and if we don’t fix our

electoral system and it remains porous

and shambolic, it will only make people

get into political offices to pursue the

interests of god-fathers.

People have been calling for

independent candidacy in future

elections. What is your take on that?

Well, it is something that will deepen

our democracy. There are many things to

curb electoral malpractices obtainable

now: The card reader, electronic voting

and result collation among others. For

instance, if you look at the issue of

accreditation ... election is not only about

voting and counting, if the register is

tampered with, the outcome of that

election would not be credible. If we are

talking about credible election,

every process of that election

must be water-tight with no

loopholes for political actors to

subvert the will of the people.

So it is total overhaul we are

calling for. The President

should not delay to assent to the

Electoral Act because he has

nothing to lose now after winning

second term.

On the issue of the President

delaying the nomination his of

ministers, what are your


The late appointment of

ministers during his first term

slowed down the economy.

Today, you cannot say who is

running the economy because

there is no Minister of Finance,

Minister of Interior, Minister of

Planning and Budget, Minister

of Defence among others; it

appears the country is on autopilot

and we are seeing things

that drove the country into

recession. So it is for the

President to quickly appoint his

Ministers so that they can drive his

government for the betterment of the

country. From the time the President won

the election through the time he was

sworn-in, we have had more than two

months, there is no reason his ministers

should not be in place.


Polmag on Sunday

With Okowa's feat in riverine areas, FG has

no excuse not to develop N-Delta — Eyube

By Lucky Oji

r. Kennedy Eyube is a chieftain of the

Mruling Peoples Democratic Party, PDP,

in Delta State. In this interview with Sunday

Vanguard, the Okpe-born politician assesses

the performance by Governor Ifeanyi Okowa

in the last four years, saying the next four years

would be promising.

Few days ago, the Vice President, Prof

Yemi Osinbajo SAN, was in Delta State and

commissioned 20.29 km road project executed

by Governor Ifeanyi Okowa in Ogulagha,

the longest road to have been constructed

by any administration in the history

of the state. Were you suprised?

Yes, it was surprising because even the Vice

President, Prof Yemi Osinbajo who came to

commission the 20.29 km road project executed

by Governor Okowa in Ogulagha, was also

suprised to see such a gigantic project executed

in the creeks and riverine communities.

The commissioned 20.29km project is worth

celebrating and commending because there

have been this wrong notion that government

is finding it difficult to construct roads in the

creeks and riverine areas. But the Road Master,

Governor Okowa has changed that narrative

and corrected that wrong notion. More so,

don't be surprised that the Federal Government

may have been misled to believe that it is

a very difficult task to develop the riverine communities,

but thanks to the governor for the

various road projects executed across riverine

communities in Delta State.

Vice President Osinbajo, after commissioning

the projects, stands in a better position to

pass the good message to President Muhammadu

Buhari of what Governor Okowa has

done, and that it requires just goodwill, genuine

commitment and determination to develop

the Niger Delta region, particularly the

creeks and riverine areas.

Our amiable Vice President couldn't hide his

dissactifaction over the poor performance and

failure by the relevant Federal Government

interventionist agencies established and regularly

funded by the Federal Government to

develop the Niger Delta region. I totally agree

with the Vice President that the people of Niger

Delta have not felt the impact of the Niger

•Hon. Eyube

Development Commission, NDDC, Ministry

of Niger Delta Affairs and Amnesty Programme.

Every year, the Federal Government

releases funds to these agencies but nothing

on ground to justify the usage of funds and the

existence of these agencies.

With the road projects in Ogulagha and Okerenkoko

in Gbaramatu kingdom, constructed

by Governor Okowa, one will sincerely say

that he has sent good signal to President Buhari

and the Federal Government that the

creeks, riverine areas in Niger Delta region

can be developed.

Governor Okowa has been given another

four years mandate, but are you satisfied with

the Governor's performance?

To be honest with you, I am very satisfied

with the performance of Governor Okowa. In

the last four years, he actually made it clear

that governance is all about legacy. For instance,

the historic execution and commissioning

of the 20.29km road projects in the creeks

and riverine areas no doubt is a remarkable

legacy made by Governor Okowa.

It will surprise you to know that before the

last governorship election, I mobilized few of

my boys and sent them round the state, to identify

all projects being executed by Governor

Okowa in the last four years. I was overwhelmed

by the results and feedback. We must

give it to Governor Okowa, he has done well in

infrastructure, particularly with roads connecting

rural and urban areas, that is the essence

of democracy. You can imagine that despite

the limited resources ( federal allocation, derivation

and IGR), the Governor has been very

diligent and transparent in the management

of the state's resources. The federal allocation

and derivation to Delta State had dropped due

to the decline in price of crude

oil, even our IGR had also

dropped because most of the

multinational and oil servicing

companies that were operating

in Delta State, paying

good income tax to the coffers

of the state, had left to other

neighboring states. These oil

companies left Warri, Delta

State because the government

then failed to provide the enabling

environment for the

companies, which has affected

the IGR of the state. Interestingly,

our Governor

Okowa, who already knew of

all these challenges and immediately

he assumed office

in 2015, he vowed that the only

way to fulfill his campaign

promises and deliver dividends

of democracy to Deltans

was to spend the state's resources

judiciously and transparently.

Governor Okowa has done

well in providing security, sustenance

of peace, infrastructure,

job creation and empowerment, where

he had made a very great difference. And I

want to believe that the next four years will be

for consolidation and improvement. You can

see how Deltans voted for him for a second

term at the last governorship election.

But, the Governorship Candidate of

the All Progressives Congress, APC,

Chief Great Ogboru is in Court challenging

the re-election of Governor


Yes, it is Chief Great Ogboru's constitutional

right to approach the Tribunal to challenge

the outcome of the last governorship election

that returned Governor Okowa for second

term. I am an Urhobo, but I will sincerely advise

Chief Ogboru to have a rethink and withdraw

the case and support Governor Okowa

to further deliver more dividends of democracy

to Deltans in the next four years. One fact is

very clear that the APC in Delta State went

The commissioned


project is worth


because there

have been this

wrong inotion

that government

is finding it

difficult to construct

roads in

the creeks and

riverine areas

into the last February and March elections a

divided house, and even Chief Great Ogboru

and members of the APC in Delta State knew

very well in their conscience that they never

prepared for the last governorship election in

Delta State, and so Ogboru and APC couldn't

have won the governorship election as being

claimed by APC and Ogboru at the Tribunal.

The last four years of Governor Okowa has

been very fruitful and commendable.

The APC members in Delta State can

attest to this fact and achievements

made by Governor Okowa. Therefore,

there is need to allow the governor

to consolidate and improve on

his laudable works in the state. Yes,

Governor Okowa is human and

wouldn't be able to meet or satisfy

the needs of all Deltans, however, his

SMART agenda, infrastructural and

job creation revolution had been impactful

and beneficial to most


Governor Okowa is working and

Deltans are seeing it, the Vice President

Osinbajo has also witnessed it. I

believe President Muhammadu Buhari

is now convinced that our governor

is doing well in Delta State and

the people are happy.

Are you satisfied that the two

prominent sons of Okpe, Hon.

Sheriff Oborevwori and Chief

James Augoye retained their

positions as Speaker of the

House of Assembly and Commissioner

for Works, respectively?

Yes, as you rightly said, that is the truth. They

are very respected leaders of Okpe and both

retained their respective positions. Hon. Sheriff

Oborevwori was re-elected Speaker of the

Delta State House of Assembly while Chief

James Augoye came back as Honourable

Commissioner for Works. We, the Okpe people

are very happy about it and are grateful to

Governor Okowa for making it possible. Furthermore,

the Governor has made some important

appointments, the SSG, Chief of Staff,

Commissioners, Special Advisers and you see

that Governor Okowa has appointed capable

persons to assist him acheive the Stronger Delta

Agenda in the next four years. More appointments

will come, but what is important is that

those to be appointed should key into the vision

of the Governor and collaborate effectively

with him to ensure that the next four years

will be more accomplishing than the last four


An advice to Nigerians and past leaders

By Akinjaiyeju Olayinka

have looked through history

I and experienced the trend of

leadership that emerged from

the colonial era up till date and

I think the Buhari-led

government seems to be the best

we have had so far. Quote me

“President Buhari is not the

messiah “but I believe that if we

cooperate with his

administration, our country will

be better off.

We have had enough of leaders

who claim ownership of this

land; enough of leaders who

aren’t praying for the unity of

citizens because of their selfish

and unrelenting crave for power.

We need to come out of the

hatred and tribalism that got us

Since the emergence of Femi

Gbajabiamila as Speaker

of the House of

Representatives, one man

who has graced the spotlight

alongside the numero uno is

Jibrin Abdulmumuni, the

member of the green chamber

from Kano State. Recall that

he was Director General of the

campaign that delivered

Gbajabiamila, following on

same feat four years when

installed Yakubu Dogara as

Speaker. He stands as the

only with such rare

achievement in the history of

Nigeria’s parliament.

After the election of

Gbajabiamila as Speaker,all

eyes have been on Jibrin.

What does he want? What will

he be offered?Insiders in the

Gbajabiamila camp revealed

that everyone is confused

about what to do with Jibrin.

where we are now and forgive


I urge every Nigerian to come

out of the “historic lies” that

have affected our conscience so

that Nigeria can prosper in our

lifetime even after we are all


This is a country where the

entire citizens seem to have the

solution to our problems and

here we are today. I advise that

we be patient with this

administration to create a

template to work with.

I believe strongly in my spirit

that it is time for youths to take

charge. The future of our land

lies in our hands, let’s all speak

one voice; regardless of where

we are from and let’s ignore all

antics of the elements that have

taking our country for an

inheritance. Our disunity is what

has kept them in power so our

unity can get them out so easily.

To the past leaders my candid

advice is that you put this

country to order, value the life of

every citizen, and let every

Nigerian enjoy the inheritance

that God has place in our land.

Let’s chase poverty out of our


Lastly I would like to say that

no matter how much time we

spend on earth, we would spend

more in eternity. Where do we

spend our eternity? The works

we do here on earth would


*Olayinka is Director of

Educational Services

What does Jibrin Abdulmumuni want?


He has held the two most

important committees of Finance

and Appropriations consecutively

with a wide scope of oversight

covering almost every sector. The

two committees are even referred

to as the 11th and 12 th -

Principal Officers in the

House. There is also strong

whispering within the House

that the Kano Born politician may

consider an immediate return to

his private business or the

university to pursue his

professorial ambition. The next

few days or weeks will tell.

In the long term, however,

there are other options for

Jibrin: maybe he would seek

to be governor of Kano or

choose to go to the Senate.

Whatever choice or moves he

makes, one thing is certain:

opponents will only

underestimate him at their own


From left; Adobi Nwapa, General Manager, Zenith Bank

/ Chairperson, Style By Zenith Committee; Dr. Temitope

Fasoranti, Executive Director, Zenith Bank; Dr. Abia Nzulu,

Executive Secretary, Pink Cruise and Kaycee Kennedy,

MD/ CEO, Virtual Exchange Limited (Fashion One Africa)

during the Launch of the second edition of Style By

Zenith at the Bank's Head Office in Lagos,

From left; Mr Basil Agboarumi, MD, SAHCOL with the award

of the most Innovative Ground handling firm in Nigeria; Mr

Kingsley Ezenwa, Manager, Media and Communication, Dana

Air with the award of the Best Image maker in the Aviation

Industry; Mr Olusegun Koiki, Chairman, League of Airports

and Aviation Correspondents and Mr Tunji Oketunmbi, General

Manager, Public Affairs, Accident Investigation Bureau with

the award of The Most Efficient Accident Investigation Agency

in West and Central Africa at the 23rd Annual Conference and

Award of League of Airports and Aviation Correspondents held

in Lagos.

SOS: 5-yr old girl with hole in the heart seeks

N5 million for surgery

It was pains and anguish for the

parents of young Anuoluwapo

Moses, when they noticed that

their vibrant and promising

daughter had a health challenge

with hole in the heart.

Little Anuoluwapo, born to Mr

and Mrs Joshua Oluwole Moses

from Kogi State, residing in

Illasamaja area of Lagos had a

vibrant growth from birth until

about 2 years later when she started

showing dizziness and lack of


According to her father, Joshua

Moses, a carpenter, “My daughter

MTI boss Fakuade

raises hope on

institute’s programs



MInstitute etallurgical

(MTI) is Training


hard towards revalidation of

accreditation of its programs that

was suspended in 2013.

“We are working closely with the

National Board for Technical

Education (NBTE) to achieve this

purpose and before the end of the

second quarter of the year, we hope

to have attained that level and

engage the body in discussion

towards the accreditation of all of

its programs”, Mr Olabode

Fakuade, Director/Chief Executive,

said at the 25th matriculation of the

institution held recently at the

campus located in Onitsha.

250 students took matriculation

oath at the occasion.

According to Fakuade, MTI was

established over three decades ago

to fill the technological gap in our

nation, thereby reducing our

dependence on engaging foreign

experts to manage our industrial


“It is evident, from the growing

rate of unemployment and the

resulting effect on the overall

economy of Nigeria, that technical

skill empowerment plays a pivotal

role to ensure that young Nigerians

are well trained and given adequate

skill to run the machinery of our

nation’s economy”, he said..

“MTI avails various calibers of

Nigerians the opportunity to

acquire technical education that

provides for necessary skills for

gainful employment, self

employment and job creation”.

Listing the mandate of the institute

to include blending of science and

technology in the development of

skilled technical and middle level

manpower to develop specialized

professional technical experts, the

Chief Executive said MTI is

strategically positioned to deliver

skills in Mechanical Maintenance

Engineering, Industrial Electrical

Engineering, Instrumentation and

Control Systems Engineering, Steel

Fabrication and Welding

Engineering, Heavy Mobile

Equipment Maintenance

Engineering and Industrial

Metallurgy and Foundry


Fakuade noted that since the

inception of the Buhari

administration four years ago, the

institute has witnessed

unprecedented infrastructural

development as about 600meters of

deep concrete drains has been

constructed to link the tunnel

adjoining Onitsha-Owerri

was born hale and hearty and had

also exhibited vibrancy and

enthusiasm while learning to crawl

and walk. Anuoluwapo who is a

bundle of joy to us started showing

some strange symptoms later at her

school age. Dizziness manifest at

random and sometimes she will not

talk. And sometimes at school, she

would fall into coma while playing

with her mates and the teachers will

call us to take her home to rest.

“In a confused state, after medical

attention in private clinics to relieve

her dizziness to no avail, my pastor

advised us to go for laboratory (Ecotest).

We did it at a hospital in Alaska,

Surulere where she was discovered

to have hole in the heart.

We took her to Lagos University

Teaching Hospital, LUTH, in Idi-

Araba for medical attention and

have spent over N500,000 on series

of tests. The doctor handling the

By Dayo Johnson, Akure

NDO State Council of Obas

Ohas raised the alarm over the

alleged use of regalia and other

paraphernalia of office of

monarchs by religious and cult

leaders among others across the


While calling for the prosecution

of those wrongly wearing the regalia

and paraphernalia, the Obas

described the development as not

only criminal but unacceptable.

Rising from their monthly meeting

Expressway to channel erosion

water, training equipment/ facilities

upgraded and students hostels

witnessing total rehabilitation.

“In addition, the institute is taking

advantage of solar power system as

an alternative source of energy

supply both to our workshops to

boost training activities as well as

the offices for efficient service

delivery. A number of members of

staff have undergone capacity

building programs to improve their

efficiency at workplace. Many more

will still partake in future training

programs”, the Director said.

“Furthermore, the network of

roads in the institute which were

hitherto washed off by erosion is

currently undergoing quality

rehabilitation and this is giving a

face-lift to the institute.

“With all these, we are confident

that with more funding and

government support, MTIis on its

path to greater heights”.

•MTI students while taking their matriculation oath

case came up with a medical bill

totalling about N5 million for

proper surgery to revive her.”

The father lamented that the

family do not have such money and

had exhausted their meager fund on

treating her so far.

“Young Anuoluwapo is a brilliant

and ever smiling girl who deserves

a chance of life. I am appealing to

in Akure, the state capital, the

traditional rulers asked the state

government and security agencies

to bring culprits to book.

A statement signed by their

Chairman, who is also the Olukare

of lkare, Oba Akadiri Momoh, said

the council had been inundated with

reports of the criminal activity by

non-traditional rulers across Ondo

wearing the costumes.

“We received reports of the use of

regalia and paraphernalia of office

of Obas by some non-traditional

rulers in Ondo State”, the statement

said. “The paraphernalia of Obas

SUNDAY Vanguard, JULY 21 , 2019, PAGE 35

concern citizens, organisations and

general public for financial support

to fund her medical bill. Kindly

channel your support and donations

to account name and number;



0156717723 Guarantee Trust

Bank (GTB)

Account name: Oluwole


Telephone: 08081141321

From left; Yomi Badejo-Okusanya, MD/CEO, CMC Connect; Dr. Nike Akande,

Chairman, NEPAD Business Group Nigeria; Princess Funlayo Okeowo, MD/

CEO,FAE Limited; ,Abiodun Okeowo, Her Husband; Mansur Ahmed, president,

Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (MAN), and Babatunde Ruwase, president,

LCCI, at the unveiling of First Class made-in-Nigeria envelopes in Lagos

Cultists ts wear Obas regalia, Ondo monarchs allege


We only have land for

development, not RUGA

By Emmanuel Okogba

soko Advancement Network

I(IAN) is opposed to the move by

the Federal Government to

establish RUGA settlements across

the country.

The group stated that the move,

though under suspension, will meet

vehement resistance by Isoko


In a communiqué signed by IAN

Publicity Secretary, Mr. Felix Ofou,

and the Chairman, Chief Paul John

Odhomor at the end of an

emergency meeting in Oleh, Isoko

South headquarters, it decried the

move as brash, lacking in good faith

and blatantly inimical to Nigeria’s

unity and security.

in this regard include crowns,

beaded staff, peculiar beads of Obas

and other costumes.

“The reports revealed that the

regalia of Obas are worn by some

religious leaders, cult leaders, self

styled traditional rulers and certain

other individuals in the state.

“The council noted that the

development is not only worrisome

but a clear violation of the law of

the state.

“lt is obnoxious and a desceration

of the institution of Obas. lt is a

criminal action which borders on


According to the group, although

Isoko contributes about 28 percent

of the oil produced in Nigeria, it

cannot boast of industries to absorb

its teeming population of graduates

and other skilled artisans due to

obvious marginalisation and

prebendal politics in the country.

Consequently, the group posited

that RUGA in any form or disguise

is unacceptable to Isoko people as

they have no land to donate to private

business of animal husbandry.

The group commended

Nigerians who have vehemently

challenged the impunity embedded

in the RUGA agenda, saying it is the

best decision given the insecurity

associated with the activities of


Ife school old students elect executives

By Demola Akinyemi

fter 40 years of

Acompleting their primary

education, the 1977 set of St.

Peter’s Anglican Primary

School, Iremo, Ile-Ife, Osun

State, has appointed executives

to run the affairs of the union.

Mr. Oluwole Oyegunle

emerged as President while

Mrs. Titilade Olajuyigbe and

Mr. Demola Akinyemi were

elected VP and Secretary


Dr. Ojedele Iyabo was voted

Treasurer; Mrs. Folashade

Olayera Alajiki PRO; Mr.

Sikiru Olaoye Chief Whip and

Mr. Gbenga Falope Jnr,

Performing Musician

Association of Nigeria (PMAN)

President as Social Director.

Oyegunle, in his acceptance

speech, thanked members for

the privileged given him to

PDP chiefain to

protesting Deltans:


not yardstick for


eoples Democratic Party (PDP)

Pchieftain, Chief Sunny

Onuesoke has berated aggrieved

Deltan indigenes that have been

protesting over nonappointments.

He stressed that it

is better to agitate for more

development than asking for

appointments that would touch

the lives of only a few.

Onuesoke, who made the

statement in Warri, Delta State,

while reacting to protests over

appointments from the different

tribes in Delta State said

such protests is uncalled for,

since the Delta State Governor

Ifeanyi Okowa had made salient

appointments, which spread

equitably across the different

tribes of the state and it is

expected that more appointments

will still roll in.

While urging Deltans to exercise

patience that more appointments

would still roll in as assured by

Governor Okowa, he stated that

Okowa had already made

appointments recently, adding

that as promised by him many

more appointments will be made

and it will be done equitably

to all.

Onuesoke argued that it would

have been better for Deltans to

agitate for development from

Governor Okowa than

demanding for appointments that

might not spread to all, but few.

He added that if it is development

that had to do with provision of

good roads, health facilities,

education, industrialisation and

provision of jobs it will touch

majority of the lives of people of

Delta State.

“Although Okowa had achieved a

lot in job creations hence his

government had created over

20,000 jobs, it would have been

better to ask the Governor to

create programmes that will

generate more jobs, build more

roads, housing projects,

education, and health among

others than agitating for




free feeding of school


Eko Electricity Distribution

Company (EKEDC) has begun free

feeding of pupils as part of its

Corporate Social Responsibility


The Chief Executive Officer

(CEO) of EKEDC, Adeoye Fadeyibi,

said the company was partnering

with an NGO ‘Food for Thought’,

to deliver free lunch on daily basis

to the pupils.

The company started the pilot

phase of the school feeding with 110

pupils of Anglican Girls Seminary

School, Broad Street, Lagos Island.

Fadeyibi explained that the

programme was to make life

comfortable for the pupils.

He said: “We decided to start with

Anglican Girls Seminary School as

part of our CSR to Nigerians and to

pupils within our area of operations.

“We are not the only company or

people doing this. Many individuals

are also doing it quietly”.

The CEO assured of the

sustainability of the project through

the NGO to ensure conformity and

transparency, saying, “It is not about

the amount invested but the good

intentions involved to impact the

lives of pupils”.

Mary Dinah, Chief Charity Officer,

Food for Thought, lauded the

management of EKEDC for the kind


Dinah said the initiative was about

feeding the poor children in local

schools, especially in the Lagos


serve them.

He said the aim of the group

primarily is to give back to the

school and help members.

A committee of seven

members was constituted to

decide on the project to execute

for the school and bring such

to the notice of members for



RUGA: Throwing the baby out

with the bath water (2)

“Opportunity, once lost, can

never be regained.” Old adage.

eachers in the first half of

Tthe last century invariably

attempted to blend philosophy

and ethics with whatever

they taught us. I remember

the late Mr Udoh, our class

teacher in Primary Four. He

taught history. His favourite

was the one credited to Viscount

Horatio Nelson, 1758-

1805, at the Battle of Trafalgar,

who declared: “England

expects every man will do his

own duty. Thank God, I have

done my duty.” It was Mr

Udoh’s way of letting us know

that we owe a duty to Nigeria

which we were expected to discharge.

RUGA, the hot potato

of the moment, is one of

those ethical, political, economic

and, yes, political dilemmas

which a writer prays

never occurs. They invariably

place you in a no-win situation.

The coward’s way out

would have been to ignore it.

That option would not meet

the Nelson and Mr Udoh

standard. Mr Udoh would

roll in his grave if he knew that

I chickened out when the call

of duty was most urgent. Certainly,

there will be consequences

arising from these

views. But, none of it is unforeseen.

The most important

thing is to live with my conscience.

Last week, I ended with two

categorical statements. First,

there is no alternative to

RUGA or Farm Settlements

or Agbo Malu (as they are

called in Yorubaland). They

represent the future of animal

husbandry because the days

of itinerary herdsmen are over

– even if they have not become

murderous; as they did in the

last four years. Second, a matter

which is essentially technical

and economic in nature

has turned into a political, religious

and ethnic conflict engulfing

Nigeria and is pushing

us closer to all out armed

conflict. The war drums people

are beating everywhere

will produce no winners – only

various grades of losers.

Before presenting the way

out of our self-imposed stalemate

with the recent announcement

of RUGA, let me

point out that we have lived

with Cattle Settlements (or

RUGAs) for as long as many

of us can remember. Mobil

Road, Apapa was formerly

called Malu (Cow) Road.

Agege also had a settlement

for cows long before I was

born 75 years ago. In Ibadan,

Agbowo was the Cattle Settlement.

In the days when the

railway was functioning as it

should, cows were brought by

train and the herdsmen took

them to the settlements for

management. No cows

roamed around. The future we

should aim for is a return to

the past when cattle arrived in

various parts of the southern

states and are professionally

herded into RUGAs. How and

when we lost the art of managing

the situation need not

delay us here. But, the fact that

we achieved harmony in the

past should give us hope that

it can be done again. My

brothers in the South-West

who have been playing to the

gallery by stating that “we

don’t want Rugas in Yorubaland”

are not being totally sincere.

We had and still have

them. The most important

question now is: what is standing

in the way of national

progress on this very vital issue

– which is very serious?

“Leadership is the ability to

define issues without aggravating

the problems.”

Warren Bennis, VAN-


TIONS, VBQ, p 125.

Mythical Phrygian King

Midas turned everything he

touched to gold – including

dust. Nigerian leadership had

turned virtually everything

they touch, including gold, into

dust. RUGA is one of them.

With over 50 years in sales and

marketing, I can state authoritatively

that only a totally

trusted person can sell a difficult

product. And, the basis of

the trust is the belief that the

seller will be fair to the buyers;

that he will be JUST in his

dealings with clients. The “clients”

of the FG on RUGA include

all the ethnic groups inhabiting

all the states of Nigeria.

The Nigerian leader belongs

to only one of them and,

rightly or wrongly, the others

feel that his ethnic group has

the ambition to seize their

land. The southern half of the

country is particularly now

very distrustful of the North

now as never before in our history.

Under the circumstances,

the only way for the FG to

establish the trust, as the best

salesmen know, is to demonstrate

it in meaningful ways.

But, unfortunately, that has not

happened. On the contrary,

recent news reports have only

served to deepen distrust in

government; thereby making

progress on RUGA and everything

else almost impossible.


“Buhari reappoints Boss

Mustapha, Abba Kyari, keeps

mum on Ministers. “

PUNCH, July 6, 2019, p 8.

“Buhari also approved 11

other appointments on Friday

[the day before] according to

a separate statement by Shehu


The 11 are Mohammed

Sarki Abba (Senior Special

Assistant to the President on

Household and Social

Events), Ya’u Shehu Darazo

(Senior Special Assistant to

the President on Special Duties),

Dr Suhayb Rafindadi

(Personal Physician to the President),

Lawal Kazaure (State

NDDC Board: Bayelsa youths condemn alleged

sponsored protest

...say is Delta's turn to produce Chairman, MD

AYELSA youths under

Bthe aegis of Ijaw Monitoring

Group, IMG,

and Niger Delta Peace Advocacy

Group, NDPAG, have

condemned protest by a handful

of youths, calling for the

confirmation of Prof. Nelson

Braimbraifa as the substantive

MD of the Niger Delta

Development Commission,


Rising from a meeting in

Yanegoa, the youths in a statement

by the leaders of IMG,

Mr Birinemigha Dennis and

Bekesuo Adigo of NDPAG,

frowned at such protest, alleging

that the protests were being

sponsored to hoodwink

the Federal Government into

confirming somebody against

the act establishing the commission.

While alleging that the

commission under the headship

of Prof Nelson Braimbraifa

have not added value

to the lives of Niger Deltans,

they warned against such protest

in Bayelsa again.

Calling on President Mohammedu

Buhari to do the

needful, they said; “Without

sentiment, the positions of the

Chairman and Managing

Director are the rights of the

people of Delta State and does

not call for debate taking a

critical look at the Act establishing

the commission in


“This Commission was not

established for political patronage

rather it was put in

place to address the developmental

needs of the Niger

Delta people after years of

neglect by successive governments

so as to curb the violence

which erupted in the region

during the genuine struggle

of the people for the development

of their communities.

“The NDDC is statutorily

charged with the responsibility

of formulating policies and

guidelines for the development

and rehabilitation of the region

which, of course, is the

crux of its core mandate.

“However, since inception,

it has been managed and administered


qualified indigenes, who were

appointed based on a classified

and established mode

of engagement as entrenched

in its establishment Act for

purposes of justice, fairness

and equitable representation

of member states of the commission

for the avoidance of

dominance and marginalization

of any one state against

the other etc.

Jameson Master Cooper Ger Buckley (left),and Jameson

Brand Ambassador,Alani Adenle, during presentation

at Jameson’s unveiling of Premium Whiskey like

no other, Jameson Black Barrel

Chief of Protocol), Sabiu YUsuf

(Special Assistant, Office of

the President), and Saley Yuguda

(Special Assistant, House

Keeping). Others are: Ahmed

Mayo (Special Assistant, Finance

& Administration), Mohammed

Sani (Special Assistant

Special Duties), Friday

Bethel, Personal Assistant,

General Duties, Sunday

Aghaeze (Personal Assistant,

State Photographer) and Bayo

Omoboriowo (Personal Assistant,

Presidential Photographer).”

Readers should please count

and observe the following. Out

of fourteen appointments announced,

the most important

eleven went North; Friday

Bethel could come from anywhere;

so could Aghaeze. The

only clear Southerner was

Omoboriowo who occupies

the menial position of photographer.

Where is the justice in

these appointments? How can

Nigerian leadership

had turned virtually

everything they

touch, including gold,

into dust. RUGA is

one of them

trust be built on such injustice?

Four prominent Nigerians

addressed those attending the

launching of the book, BAT-

TLELINES, written by Chief

Segun Osoba. They were General

Abdulsalami Abubakar

(rtd) former Military Head of

State; Ambassador Babagana

Kingibe; Vice President Yemi

Osinbajo and Asiwaju Bola

Tinubu. All of them pointed to

ethnic distrust as the leading

cause of our disunity today.

Who among them can read

that list and not see clearly the

wilful inequities fueling ethnic

distrust? Who among them can

fail to see the deliberate exclusion

of Southerners from the

offices that matter? Who then

can expect southerners to accept

a proposal packed full

with hidden dangers, now and

in the future? The two southern

leaders, as well as the

Chairman of the ruling party,

who would ordinarily be expected

to drive the acceptance

of the government’s controver-

By Dapo Akinrefon

former Security Adviser

A in Cross River State, Mr.

Jude Ngaji, yesterday, faulted

calls on the Fulani residing in

the south to relocate to the

north, saying those perpetrating

crimes are from Niger Republic.

Ngaji also said the fight

against Boko Haram and

banditry is not being overcome

because the insurgents seem to

have more intelligence than

the military.

sial proposals within their

own zone, must certainly understand

that they are increasingly

being separated

from the people they should

be leading. Where is a single

Edo State person on that list?

Even the introduction of

RUGA was handled like a

cult decision to which only

the Miyetti Allah Cattle

Breeders Association of Nigeria,

MACBAN, was privy.

Officials of the Federal Ministry

of Agriculture went to

some states to announce

RUGA which would eventually

involve the take over of

millions of hectares of land

nationwide and the VP, who

is the Chairman of the National

Economic Council,

NEC, was not aware of it. He

was working on a different

project!!! Having turned the

programme into a clandestine

operation, was the administration

surprised about

the spontaneous uprising

against it nationwide?



“Nobody is a failure, if he

dares to try something

worthwhile.” Robert Schuller

Ẇith distrust deliberately

fostered by the political leadership,

it is now an uphill task

for anybody to attempt to

point to the merits of RUGA.

Given the tension in the land

regarding anything associated

with herdsmen and

their activities, the chances

of failure are extremely high.

Yet, it is in everybody’s interest

for us to solve this monster

problem. Let me briefly

define the underlying problems

which hopefully will

suspend our emotions and

turn us into a united country.

Data, admittedly not totally

reliable, indicate that there

are between 12 and 20 million

cattle. Virtually all are

now herded around and the

movements and the resulting

invasion of farms, communities,

schools, hotels, private

compounds etc have created

the conflicts now pushing

us closer to civil war everyday.

For the purpose of this

discussion, 15 million will be

adopted as the cattle population

which we want placed

in ranches – if possible today.

That fact alone makes

this matter a major economic

decision – given the fact

that Nigerians have not acquired

the knowledge of

Ranch Management. But, if

our long and painful experience

with poultry serves as a

guide, we are in for a rough

ride for at least 30 years. All

the 15 million beasts disappear

behind fences any time


The number of cattle in the

average ranch will ultimately

determine the number of

ranches we will need. At 1,000

cattle per ranch, at least

15,000 settlements will be required

or about 420 RUGAs

per state. That fact alone

should scare all of us – given

its implications with regard

to land availability. The FG

which sent officials out to establish