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PLC Logger's Voice - Summer 2019

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Volume 13 Issue 3 | <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong><br />

A Quarterly Publication of the Professional Logging Contractors of Maine


Board of Directors<br />

Cover: T. Raymond Forest Products Inc. See story, p. 10.<br />

Jim Nicols, President<br />

Tony Madden, 1 st Vice President<br />

Chuck Ames, 2 nd Vice President<br />

Will Cole, Secretary<br />

Andy Irish, Treasurer<br />

Scott Madden, Past President<br />

Aaron Adams<br />

Kurt Babineau<br />

Donald Cole<br />

A quarterly publication of:<br />

The Professional Logging<br />

Contractors of Maine<br />

William Cole<br />

Tom Cushman<br />

Brent Day<br />

Wes Dube<br />

Steve Hanington<br />

Duane Jordan<br />

Robert Linkletter<br />

Andrew Madden<br />

Ron Ridley<br />

10<br />

110 Sewall St., P.O. Box 1036<br />

Augusta, ME 04332<br />

Phone: 207.688.8195<br />

www.maineloggers.com<br />

Member Showcase<br />

T. Raymond Forest<br />

Products Inc.<br />

Wayne Tripp<br />

Gary Voisine<br />

<strong>PLC</strong> Staff<br />

Executive Director<br />

Dana Doran ▪ executivedirector@maineloggers.com<br />

Membership Services Coordinator<br />

Jessica Clark ▪ jessica@maineloggers.com<br />

Safety and Training Coordinator<br />

Donald Burr ▪ safety@maineloggers.com<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong><br />

Editor and Designer<br />

Jon Humphrey Communications and Photography<br />

▪ jehumphreycommunications@gmail.com<br />

Advertising<br />

Jessica Clark ▪ jessica@maineloggers.com<br />

Email news, notices, and correspondence<br />

▪ jehumphreycommunications@gmail.com<br />

24<br />

Supporting Member Spotlight<br />

Wallingford’s Inc.<br />

Also Inside<br />

4 Calendar and Updates<br />

6 President’s Report<br />

7 New Members<br />

8 Executive Director’s Report<br />

18 Annual Meeting<br />

20 Trucking<br />

29 Safety<br />

36 Maine Forest Service Director<br />

37 BMPs for Water Crossings<br />

38 <strong>PLC</strong> News Briefs<br />

40 ALC Updates<br />

43 Master Logger<br />

44 Congressional Updates<br />

This newsletter is printed on FLO Gloss Digital Text paper<br />

produced in Maine and donated by Sappi North America.


Event<br />

Calendar<br />

<strong>PLC</strong> Office, Augusta<br />

TBD<br />

H.O. Bouchard/Comstock, Hampden<br />

4 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


Updates<br />

Do you have news to<br />

share?<br />

The <strong>PLC</strong> is always seeking<br />

news from our Members that<br />

showcases our industry’s<br />

professionalism, generosity, and<br />

ingenuity.<br />

Send ideas to<br />

jonathan@maineloggers.com<br />

*Registration information pages 46-49<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong><br />

5


From the President<br />

By Jim Nicols<br />

Hello Everyone<br />

I hope everyone’s summer is off to a good start. It seems it took a while to get here this<br />

year with such a wet and cold spring. It was a couple of weeks later than usual drying out<br />

around my neck of the woods.<br />

I would like to take the time to thank everyone for the great turnout for the annual<br />

meeting. I think that we had over 200 people attend the day’s events. It was a huge success. It<br />

was the first time in a long time that we held it in the southern part of the state. Everyone that I<br />

talked to seemed to enjoy themselves.<br />

Congratulations to all of the award winners. They are all so deserving and should be<br />

very proud. I would like to thank everyone for their generosity, donating over $50,000 this<br />

year to Log a Load for Kids. It is such a great cause to raise this money for the children, our<br />

future. Thanks to Scott Hanington for running the auction again this year. Keep up the great<br />

work.<br />

One topic that keeps coming up as I talk to other contractors is the labor shortage.<br />

Everyone is running short on people and trying to do the best they can. It is not just logging,<br />

there are help wanted signs everywhere. I believe it could get worse before it gets better.<br />

Hopefully it is not a battle between contractors for the very skilled workers it takes to run these<br />

expensive machines. The third Mechanized Logging Operations Program (MLOP) class started<br />

in late June to train future employees for logging companies. Please do whatever you can to<br />

support the MLOP program. Check out the school on site up in Stratton if you get a chance.<br />

The students would be thrilled to have you go and talk to them about logging and your<br />

company needs. Thank you to all of the sponsors and donors for the program. Without them<br />

we wouldn’t be able to hold these classes. This year I believe we had over 50 applicants for the<br />

16 or so open slots so there is definitely a need for more sessions. Our goal is to be able to hold<br />

multiple classes per year.<br />

This spring Dana was incredibly busy with representing us at the legislature, supporting<br />

some bills and opposing others. Too many to list here. Hopefully you are getting Dana’s<br />

weekly updates on that. If not, call or email the <strong>PLC</strong> office to get on the list so that you can be<br />

informed and get involved.<br />

The <strong>PLC</strong> should be moving into our new building in Augusta right beside where we are<br />

located now sometime in July. All the renovations are nearly complete. Stop by and check it<br />

out. It is very nice.<br />

Lastly, I believe we had over 1000 people attend our Spring Safety trainings. This is<br />

the first time we topped that number. They continue to get better and bigger every year. There<br />

are many people that help with that and we thank you all.<br />

Enjoy your summer<br />

Jimmy<br />

6 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


Welcome New Members….…….<br />

Contractor Members<br />

Fortune Trucking of Washington, ME joined<br />

the <strong>PLC</strong> as a new Contractor Member in May<br />

<strong>2019</strong>. The company has a professional staff of 3.<br />

For more information call Nick at 207-975-9445<br />

or email nicktfortune@gmail.com<br />

LJG Woodlands LLC of Fort Kent, ME joined<br />

the <strong>PLC</strong> as a new Contractor Member in April<br />

<strong>2019</strong>. The company has a professional staff of 2.<br />

For more information call Lucas at (207) 834-<br />

6329 or email luc4683@yahoo.com.<br />

MW Trucking and Logging Inc. of Norway,<br />

ME joined the <strong>PLC</strong> as a new Contractor Member<br />

in April <strong>2019</strong>. The company has a professional<br />

staff of 4. For more information call Milo at<br />

(207) 890-3592 or<br />

email milowasher@gmail.com.<br />

Pine Ridge Timber of Phillips, ME joined the<br />

<strong>PLC</strong> as a new Contractor Member in May <strong>2019</strong>.<br />

The company is Master Logger certified and has<br />

a professional staff of 3. For more information<br />

call Vincent at 207-592-6472 or<br />

email pineridgetimber@gmail.com<br />

Ouellette Logging Inc. of Fort Kent, ME joined<br />

the <strong>PLC</strong> as a new Affiliated Contractor Member<br />

in May <strong>2019</strong>. The company has a professional<br />

staff of 2. For more information call Jacob at 207<br />

-834-3839.<br />

R.W. Day Logging of West Baldwin, ME joined<br />

the <strong>PLC</strong> as a new Affiliated Contractor Member<br />

in April <strong>2019</strong>. The company has a professional<br />

staff of 3. R.W. Day Logging is a Master Logger<br />

certified company. For more information<br />

call Ricky at (207) 272-6512.<br />

Supporting Members<br />

Dysart's Lubricants of Bangor, ME joined the<br />

<strong>PLC</strong> as a new Supporting Member in June of<br />

<strong>2019</strong>. The company carries a large line of<br />

Chevron, Service Pro, and Castrol supplies.<br />

And offers Bulk Lube and DEF Deliveries,<br />

Packaged Goods, Lube Equipment Installation<br />

and Loan Program, Oil Analysis and Castrol<br />

Labcheck. For more information go to<br />

www.dysarts.com or contact Chou Lebel at 207-<br />

944-4360 or chou@dysarts.com.<br />

Northeast Pellets, LLC of Ashland, ME joined<br />

the <strong>PLC</strong> as a new Supporting Member in June of<br />

<strong>2019</strong>. The company is a manufacturer and<br />

distributor of Super Premium Wood Pellets. For<br />

more information go to www.northeastpellets.net<br />

or contact Matthew Bell at (207) 435-6230<br />

or northeastpellets@aol.com.<br />

Not a member but interested in<br />

joining the <strong>PLC</strong>?<br />

Contact Jessica at (207) 688-8195 or<br />

email jessica@maineloggers.com<br />

SKS Furbush Logging LLC of Smithfield, ME<br />

joined the <strong>PLC</strong> as a new Affiliated Contractor<br />

Member in May <strong>2019</strong>. The company has a<br />

professional staff of 2. For more information call<br />

Westley at 207-431-4324.<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong><br />

7


From the Executive<br />

Director<br />

The View from the Middle<br />

By Dana Doran<br />

“...no country can be well governed<br />

unless its citizens as a body keep religiously<br />

before their minds that they are the<br />

guardians of the law and that the law<br />

officers are only the machinery for its<br />

execution, nothing more.” Mark Twain -<br />

The Gilded Age<br />

It certainly is a new day in Augusta<br />

and the importance of the <strong>PLC</strong> as a steward<br />

of the industry to watch over the work of<br />

the Legislature and the Governor is just as<br />

important as it has ever been. From my<br />

perspective, this quote from Mark Twain is<br />

very appropriate as without the work we do<br />

on a daily basis in Augusta, this industry<br />

might cease to exist or be a shell of itself if<br />

our elected officials did not hear directly<br />

from us.<br />

The first priority of the <strong>PLC</strong> in<br />

<strong>2019</strong> was to establish relationships with the<br />

new Governor and also help guide the new<br />

administration with respect to their<br />

selections for Commissioners and important<br />

Bureau Directors. One of the most<br />

important selections for the Governor was<br />

the Commissioner of the Department of<br />

Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry.<br />

Amanda Beal was announced in early<br />

January to take over that position and<br />

immediately, the <strong>PLC</strong> reached out to Ms.<br />

Beal and began discussing the role of the<br />

Dept. in regards to our industry. Ms. Beal<br />

was very receptive to our input and thus far<br />

has worked hard to ensure that she has our<br />

perspective in mind with respect to the work<br />

that the Dept. does on a daily basis.<br />

The second position that the <strong>PLC</strong><br />

worked hard on with the new administration<br />

was the Director of the Maine Forest<br />

Service (MFS). Ms. Beal solicited our input<br />

for this position and we were excited to hear<br />

that Patty Cormier, a longtime District<br />

Forester for MFS was appointed by Ms.<br />

Beal to this position in early May. Ms.<br />

Cormier was the <strong>PLC</strong>’s choice to replace<br />

Doug Denico and we are looking forward to<br />

working with her as she takes the reins of<br />

the organization.<br />

Turning our attention to the<br />

Legislature, the first session of the 129 th<br />

edition of this branch of government is now<br />

in the books as it finally adjourned sine die<br />

(without day) at 6:45 a.m. on Thursday,<br />

June 20 th . With a sense of urgency not to<br />

extend the session beyond the statutory date<br />

of adjournment for the first time in three<br />

years, many issues were carried over to<br />

2020 and consensus was not found on quite<br />

a few big ideas such as a bond package and<br />

other substantial pieces of legislation.<br />

Governor Mills has signed more<br />

than 200 bills into law this session and<br />

vetoed less than a dozen which is quite a<br />

8 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


change from the last eight years. What this<br />

means in terms of cost and benefit will play<br />

out once these initiatives go into effect later<br />

this year and we will know very soon the<br />

total impact of this legislative session.<br />

The Legislature may have to come<br />

back in July or August to deal with any new<br />

vetoes from the Governor as well as a bond<br />

package, but for now, they have left town<br />

and no more new big ideas can be taken up<br />

at this point until 2020.<br />

As we look forward to the future of<br />

this industry, now is a good time to review<br />

the damage that was done this past session<br />

as well as the opportunities that were<br />

created to strengthen and expand the work<br />

you do every day.<br />

Bond Package<br />

Western Maine Timberlands logging underway in Brownfield in May.<br />

Near the end of the session,<br />

Governor Mills proposed a bond package<br />

for infrastructure, economic development,<br />

workforce development and<br />

energy. The bond proposal invests $19<br />

million to support workforce training, career<br />

and technical education and their capital<br />

needs. The bond package also provides $10<br />

million in municipal energy projects, with<br />

more efficient heating technology, and $5<br />

million in low interest loans for clean<br />

energy projects for homeowners in<br />

Maine. And finally, the last pillar of<br />

the investment package is a $105 million<br />

transportation bond to pay for critical<br />

upgrades in improvements to transportation<br />

infrastructure. The Appropriations<br />

Committee voted 8-5 in favor, with 8 D’s in<br />

support and 5 R’s against, of the Governor’s<br />

bill and moved it to the floor. The<br />

Republicans announced that they would<br />

only support a bond for transportation this<br />

session as they felt that the final state budget<br />

was too big and several other initiatives<br />

such as sick time, workers’ comp. and<br />

abortion were too costly and therefore this<br />

was their point of leverage. On the floor,<br />

votes were taken on a complete package<br />

with Republicans in opposition. Thus, as a<br />

result of not achieving 2/3 rd ’s support to<br />

send the package to the voters in November,<br />

the bill was carried over to 2020 and the<br />

legislature may take up a bond package<br />

during veto day or in a special session later<br />

this summer, but for now, there is no bond<br />

package that has achieved support from both<br />

caucuses.<br />

Sick Time<br />

The Governor signed a bill into law<br />

this session which requires employers with<br />

10 or more employees, employed for more<br />

than 120 days per year, to provide one hour<br />

of earned leave for every 40 hours worked.<br />

It will take effect 90 days after the<br />

Legislature adjourns the 1 st session of the<br />

129 th Legislature.<br />

Effectively, what this bill states is<br />

that an employee is entitled to earn one hour<br />

of paid leave for every forty hours worked,<br />

up to forty hours in one year of<br />

Doran Continued Page 13<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong><br />

9


L<br />

EE - Like many loggers before him, Terry<br />

Raymond, owner of T. Raymond Forest<br />

Products Inc. started working in the woods<br />

at a young age and has never really<br />

considered another career. The truth is even if he<br />

wanted to, he hasn’t had time. He’s too busy.<br />

In the words of his daughter, Hollie Worster,<br />

“He works seven days a week.” On weekdays that<br />

means leaving the house shortly after midnight and not<br />

getting home until 4:30 p.m. on average. He’s the first<br />

on the job site and usually the last to leave. On the<br />

weekends, he generally does dirt work including septic<br />

system installations and driveways, and is never idle<br />

for long.<br />

No one chooses a career in logging because<br />

they think it’s going to be easy, and while he can get<br />

tired of it from time to time, especially in the cold and<br />

snow of winter, he still likes being in the woods.<br />

“My father always cut wood, and I grew right<br />

up in the woods helping him. He bought a skidder in<br />

1972 and I helped him through high school with that.<br />

After I graduated in 1975 I continued working for him<br />

until I bought my first cable skidder in 1977. I then<br />

worked subcontracting for MacDonald Logging,<br />

Thompson Trucking and Orland Dwelley until 1995,”<br />

Terry said. “I always liked it, you can be your own<br />

boss.”<br />

T. Raymond was officially founded in 1977<br />

and grew from that small beginning into one of the<br />

larger contractors in the region. It has always been a<br />

family business. Terry’s wife, Paula, worked running<br />

the office for years until in 1998 the Raymonds started<br />

Raymond’s Variety and Diner in Lee - a very<br />

successful business itself that she runs to this day.<br />

Terry’s late father, Lawrence, “Smokey” Raymond,<br />

worked for T. Raymond Forest Products into his 80s.<br />

Terry’s brother, Albert, worked with him when the<br />

business first started and for many years after. His<br />

brother, Garnet, has been with him since 1989 and<br />

runs a feller buncher today. Hollie joined him after<br />

graduating from Husson College in 1998 to run the<br />

office when her mother left to run the store. Son,<br />

Terry “Tee” operated grapple skidder during the<br />

summers while attending school before going on to<br />

work at GE. Other family members have also worked<br />

for the company.<br />

The business grew over the years and in 1990<br />

began the switch to mechanized logging with the<br />

purchase of a rubber tired John Deere 743 harvester.<br />

Next came grapple skidders to replace the cable<br />

skidders. As time went on more machines were added,<br />

and T. Raymond has been fully mechanized for a long<br />

10 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


T. Raymond Forest Products<br />

Photos: Background, aerial view of T. Raymond operation underway.<br />

Top right, father and daughter, Hollie Worster and Terry Raymond.<br />

Bottom right, Garnet Raymond in Komatsu feller buncher on the move down a private logging road to a new<br />

location.<br />

time now. It currently has three mechanized crews<br />

operating one Komatsu X430 feller buncher, and John<br />

Deere feller bunchers, stroke delimbers, and grapples.<br />

The company does most of its own trucking,<br />

currently running 6-7 Peterbilts daily with more available<br />

at the garage in Lee if needed. T. Raymond also builds and<br />

maintains logging roads and has a grader, excavators,<br />

bulldozers and dump trucks.<br />

Terry has run everything over the years, “I<br />

wouldn’t buy anything if I didn’t know how to run it,” he<br />

said, but for many years now he’s run crane/slasher on the<br />

logging jobs. He also likes running bulldozers, and he’s<br />

fond of a 1997 Peterbilt truck that he’s had for many years.<br />

At its height in the 2000s, T. Raymond Forest<br />

Products had four crews and was about twice as large as it<br />

is now. The company currently has 21 employees.<br />

T. Raymond Forest Products owes much of its<br />

success to its dedicated and reliable employees, many of<br />

whom worked or have worked for the company for a long<br />

time. Some of the current and past long-term employees at<br />

T. Raymond in addition to members of the family include<br />

the late Jeff McLaughlin, who worked 23 years running<br />

crane and feller buncher; Jeff Rideout who has worked 22<br />

years as a mechanic and still keep things running on a daily<br />

basis; Mickey Day, who has driven trucks for 15 years, Jay<br />

Worster, who has worked a total of 15 years as a delimber<br />

operator in two stints with the company; Fred Goodwin,<br />

who has driven trucks for 14 years; Brad Noyes, who has<br />

worked a total of 12 years over a couple stints operating<br />

delimber and feller buncher and Joel Campbell, who has<br />

run grapple skidders for 12 years.<br />

There have been ups and downs over the years.<br />

The recession and closure of many Maine pulp and paper<br />

mills hit T. Raymond hard just as it did other loggers in the<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong><br />

T. Raymond Continued Page 12<br />

11


T. Raymond Continued from Page 11 16<br />

state. Lately the markets seem to have stabilized and things<br />

are better than they were a couple of years ago when the<br />

list of mills shutting down was discouraging for everyone<br />

in the industry. Unlike many other logging contractors in<br />

the region, T. Raymond never ventured into chipping,<br />

which has turned out to be a good thing given the loss of<br />

biomass mills in northern Maine.<br />

Rising equipment and fuel costs have also been a<br />

challenge. Route 6, which the company travels every day,<br />

is in poor condition and hard on trucks. T. Raymond has a<br />

good, reliable set of employees, but workers are getting<br />

older - T. Raymond’s youngest employee is 23 but the next<br />

youngest is in his 40s and many are nearing retirement age<br />

or already past it. It is also hard to hire new workers. Like<br />

just about every other logging contractor in the state, T.<br />

Raymond finds it tough to compete with the wages drivers<br />

and heavy equipment operators can earn in other industries.<br />

It’s also hard to convince young people that logging is a<br />

career they’d like to get into.<br />

One move that has turned out to be a good one for<br />

the company was going to work for Wagner Forest<br />

Management Ltd. in 1995. T. Raymond has been with<br />

Wagner ever since and it has been a good relationship.<br />

Wagner has a high opinion of T. Raymond’s work,<br />

its strength as a family business, and the range of<br />

capabilities the company brings to the job, according to<br />

Travis B. Howard, a Regional Supervisor for Wagner in<br />

Bangor.<br />

“T. Raymond Forest Products is a multi-faceted,<br />

full service independent logging contractor. Much of<br />

Terry’s crew and equipment operators have been with him<br />

for many, many years. The crew is very experienced and<br />

does high quality work,” Travis said, “T Raymond Forest<br />

Products harvests and delivers to mills annually 135,000<br />

tons of tree length round wood. Harvest operations are<br />

mainly focused in Eastern Washington County and Central<br />

Penobscot County. They construct, rebuild and surface<br />

annually over ten miles of logging roads per year. Terry<br />

himself operates many pieces of the road construction<br />

equipment. He also grades over 43 miles of logging roads<br />

every season and has done so for the last 20 years.”<br />

Hollie said T. Raymond worked for Wagner in the<br />

Katahdin Ironworks region around Brownville and Milo<br />

until 2003 and has mainly been in Washington County ever<br />

since, mostly in areas<br />

around Topsfield,<br />

Vanceboro, Waite,<br />

Crawford, and points<br />

in between.<br />

Wood from<br />

T. Raymond jobs<br />

goes everywhere in<br />

the state, but some of<br />

the main destinations<br />

include Woodland<br />

Pulp, Pleasant River<br />

Lumber, H.C. Haynes<br />

yards, Verso yards,<br />

Sappi, and Louisiana<br />

Pacific.<br />

T. Raymond<br />

Forest Products<br />

joined the<br />

Professional Logging<br />

Contractors of Maine<br />

several years ago<br />

after recognizing the<br />

<strong>PLC</strong> was fighting for<br />

the logging industry<br />

on many issues,<br />

Hollie said, and also<br />

because of the<br />

opportunity afforded<br />

by the Acadia Insurance <strong>PLC</strong> Safety Group dividend<br />

program, which rewards eligible logging contractors who<br />

are members of the group with refunds of a portion of their<br />

premiums if certain measures are met by the entire safety<br />

group.<br />

A lot has changed in the industry and for the<br />

company since her father first began logging in the 1970s,<br />

but one thing has never changed no matter how big the<br />

company he founded has gotten, Hollie said.<br />

“He’s in there every day with them,” Hollie said.<br />

“He’ll probably never give it up.”<br />

Loaded T. Raymond truck on the move. The company harvests and delivers 135,000 tons of<br />

tree length roundwood each year.<br />

12 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


Doran Continued from Page 9 16<br />

employment. Accrual of leave begins at<br />

the start of employment, but the employer<br />

is not required to permit leave before the<br />

employee has been employed with that<br />

employer for 120 days during a one-year<br />

period. An employee taking earned leave<br />

shall be paid at least the same base rate of<br />

pay that the employee received<br />

immediately prior to taking earned leave<br />

and the same benefits as those provided<br />

under established policies of the<br />

employer pertaining to other types of<br />

paid leave.<br />

Since this is earned time, which<br />

is what <strong>PLC</strong> employers already provide<br />

to their employees in other forms<br />

(vacation, sick, personal), the <strong>PLC</strong> did<br />

object to this legislation, except the<br />

requirement that it be provided after only<br />

120 days of employment for new<br />

workers.<br />

LD 756 Benefit Increases<br />

Workers Comp.<br />

The Governor signed LD<br />

756 into law on Monday, June 17 th . It<br />

will take effect 90 days after the<br />

Legislature adjourns the 1 st session of the<br />

129 th Legislature.<br />

The Democrats introduced 25<br />

bills this session to reform workers’<br />

comp. and may have achieved nothing if<br />

certain business trade associations didn’t<br />

attempt to compromise before they<br />

needed to. Unfortunately, because of this<br />

inappropriate negotiation, we were forced<br />

to give in on the first benefit increases in<br />

almost thirty years, but we were also<br />

successful in creating necessary system<br />

efficiencies that should help balance out<br />

some of the benefit increases. That said,<br />

the Governor gave her word that there<br />

will be no more workers’ comp. changes<br />

for the next seven years if she holds the<br />

Office of Governor for that period of<br />

time. We also want to thank the entire<br />

Republican caucus for their help in this<br />

negotiation. They were steadfast<br />

supporters of our position and were<br />

responsible for getting to the final<br />

negotiation and an acceptable outcome.<br />

See the charts at right for a<br />

summary of what’s in the bill.<br />

LD 756 System Improvements<br />

Doran Continued Page 14<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong><br />

13


Doran Continued from Page 136<br />

LD 1459, An Act To Expand Application of the<br />

Maine Agricultural Marketing and Bargaining Act of<br />

1973 to Harvesters and Haulers of Forest Products. On<br />

Friday, June 7, <strong>2019</strong>, the Governor signed this bill into<br />

law. It will take effect 90 days after the Legislature<br />

adjourns the 1 st session of the 129 th Legislature. Prior law<br />

provided authorization for farmers to join cooperative<br />

organizations and requires handlers of agricultural products<br />

to bargain in good faith with such organizations because<br />

agricultural products are produced by numerous individual<br />

farmers and the marketing and bargaining position of<br />

individual farmers will be adversely affected unless they<br />

are able to join together. This new law recognizes that<br />

market forces that affect the marketing and bargaining<br />

position of individual farmers similarly affect the<br />

marketing and bargaining position of individual harvesters<br />

and haulers of forest products, and it expands application of<br />

the Maine Agricultural Marketing and Bargaining Act of<br />

1973 to include harvesters and haulers of forest products.<br />

It is unclear at this point what impact this legislation will<br />

have, but at a minimum, it provides the opportunity for<br />

contractors to discuss prices without the threat of an antitrust<br />

violation. The <strong>PLC</strong> will be reviewing this legislation<br />

over the coming days and weeks to determine the impact it<br />

will have on the membership.<br />

LD 420, An Act to Amend the Maine Exclusion<br />

Amount in the Estate Tax. This bill would have reduced<br />

the estate tax exclusion amount to $2 million from $5.7<br />

million for estates of descendants dying on or after January<br />

1, 2020 and would have removed the annual adjustment for<br />

inflation of that exclusion amount. This would mean the<br />

Maine estate tax rate, ranging from 8% to 12%, would be<br />

incurred by estates valued over $2 million.<br />

With the help of our membership, a united front<br />

from Republicans and some brave Democrats in each body,<br />

the <strong>PLC</strong> was successful in defeating this nonsensical<br />

legislation this session. The Maine Senate voted 19 to 12<br />

to defeat LD 420 after the House had defeated the bill<br />

earlier in the week. Following our successful vote in the<br />

Senate, Senator Libby (D-Auburn (moved to table the<br />

bill. From there, the Senate Democrats moved to report the<br />

bill back to the Tax Committee to carry it over into next<br />

session. While we don’t like that move, the fact is, they<br />

were defeated this session, and they could reintroduce a<br />

similar bill next year anyway.<br />

Your phone calls and outreach paid off. I believe<br />

this bill would have sailed through if we hadn’t made the<br />

combined effort to find some Democrats to support our<br />

position. Senate Democrats who supported us<br />

are: Senators Mike Carpenter from Aroostook, Jim Dill<br />

from Penobscot (he told me his loggers weighed in<br />

heavily!), Mark Lawrence of York, Erin Herbig of Waldo,<br />

Louis Luchini of Hancock and Bill Diamond of<br />

Cumberland County.<br />

LD 1494 An Act To Reform Maine's Renewable<br />

Portfolio Standard. This bill increases the percentage of<br />

supply sources for retail electricity sales in the state that<br />

must be accounted for by new renewable capacity<br />

resources from 10% to 50% by 2030. The <strong>PLC</strong> had been<br />

working with a consortium on this bill since June 2018 and<br />

supported it throughout the process. This legislation will<br />

bring sustainability to the volatile biomass market with<br />

long term contracts and it will also help grow markets for<br />

low grade wood (pellets and chips) with the introduction of<br />

thermal renewable energy credits. The legislation is now<br />

on the Governor’s desk and she is expected to sign it. The<br />

legislation will stabilize and grow the wood energy sector<br />

significantly in Maine for years to come and it should bring<br />

stability to biomass for the long term.<br />

LD 1698, An Act To Create Jobs and Slow<br />

Climate Change by Promoting the Production of<br />

Natural Resources Bioproducts; This bill provides a tax<br />

credit for the production of renewable chemicals by the<br />

conversion of renewable biomass from the forest, farms,<br />

the sea or solid waste. The credit is equal to 7¢ per pound<br />

of renewable chemical produced in the State, 9¢ per pound<br />

of renewable chemical produced in the State if the taxpayer<br />

demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Department of<br />

Economic and Community Development that the<br />

contractors hired or retained by a landowner to harvest<br />

renewable biomass used in production of the renewable<br />

14 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


chemicals are 3rd-party certified by the Northeast Master<br />

Logger program or successor program and at least 50% of<br />

the contractors' employees are residents of the United<br />

States or 12¢ per pound of renewable chemical produced in<br />

the State if the taxpayer demonstrates to the satisfaction of<br />

the Department of Economic and Community Development<br />

that the contractors hired or retained by a landowner to<br />

harvest renewable biomass used in such production are 3rdparty<br />

certified by the Northeast Master Logger program<br />

and at least 75% of the contractors' employees are residents<br />

of the United States. This bill passed the House and Senate<br />

unanimously, was approved by the Appropriations<br />

Committee and is on the Governor’s desk where she is<br />

expected to sign it into law.<br />

LD 912 An Act to Establish the Wood Energy<br />

Investment Program. This bill would create the Wood<br />

Energy Investment Program within the Efficiency Maine<br />

Trust, to be funded by money left over from the biomass<br />

stabilization program and the Stored Solar contract. It<br />

requires the trust to use funds from the fund, if there are<br />

any, to provide incentives and low-interest or no-interest<br />

loans for new wood-derived thermal energy or<br />

cogeneration projects. It requires that the trust consult with<br />

the Finance Authority of Maine, when appropriate, in the<br />

development of any Wood Energy Investment Program<br />

incentives and the distribution of money from the wood<br />

energy investment fund. The bill passed both the House<br />

and Senate and was sent to the Governor for signature.<br />

Unfortunately, the Legislature used the Stored Solar money<br />

for other purposes, so this would have created a program<br />

with no funding. In a strange twist of events on the last day<br />

of the session, the Governor asked the Legislature to recall<br />

the bill and carry it over to 2020. She did not want to sign<br />

the bill as written as it did not include a source of funding<br />

for the new program. We took this as a positive sign that<br />

perhaps she actually wants to try to fund it through a<br />

supplemental appropriation in the next legislative session in<br />

2020. Stay tuned for more on this bill in 2020.<br />

LD 261, An Act to Restrict the Authority for<br />

Posting of Roads, proposed to do three things: 1) impose<br />

a restriction on a public way being posted for more than 6<br />

weeks at a time unless written justification to continue the<br />

restriction is made publicly available before the end of the<br />

6-week period; 2) exempt commercial trucks from size and<br />

weight restrictions for vehicles on a public way during any<br />

period when the temperature is below 31 degrees<br />

Fahrenheit (no more water in the cracks); and 3) impose<br />

restrictions that prevent a commercial entity from operating<br />

the entity's vehicles on the public way where it is<br />

headquartered or where it is conducting its business<br />

activities. The <strong>PLC</strong> testified in support of the legislation,<br />

but the Transportation Committee asked the <strong>PLC</strong> to work<br />

with the Maine Dept. of Transportation (MDOT) on<br />

resolving the issues without legislation this session. The<br />

committee voted ONTP but will sent a letter to MDOT<br />

which directs them to take action on a whole list of new<br />

items to help correct the issues that <strong>PLC</strong> members have<br />

with road postings. MDOT will report back to the<br />

Transportation Committee in 2020 on the work that they<br />

have accomplished.<br />

LD 1301, An Act Regarding the Confidentiality<br />

of Investigations by the Bureau of Forestry, This bill,<br />

which was a <strong>PLC</strong> priority, makes all complaints and<br />

investigative records of the Department of Agriculture,<br />

Conservation and Forestry related to violations of the<br />

forestry laws confidential during the pendency of an<br />

investigation. The bill provides exceptions to allow<br />

disclosures to department employees and other agencies<br />

and otherwise as determined warranted by the<br />

Commissioner of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry.<br />

The provision or disclosure of investigative records of the<br />

Department of the Attorney General to a Department of<br />

Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry employee<br />

designated by the commissioner does not constitute a<br />

waiver of the confidentiality of those records. A person<br />

who knowingly or intentionally makes a disclosure in<br />

violation of this provision commits a civil violation for<br />

which a fine not to exceed $1,000 may be<br />

adjudged. Commissioner Beal from the Dept. of ACF<br />

asked the <strong>PLC</strong> to eliminate this bill for the time being to<br />

allow the new Director of the MFS to create a formal policy<br />

Doran Continued Page 16<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong><br />

15


Doran Continued from Page 156<br />

which will effectively substantiate what is in this bill. The<br />

<strong>PLC</strong> agreed and will work with Director Cormier to ensure<br />

this policy development takes place.<br />

LD 1156, An Act To Create the Small Business<br />

Savings Account Program. This bill, which was a <strong>PLC</strong><br />

priority, establishes a Savings Account Program for Small<br />

Businesses which would allow small businesses to make pretax<br />

contributions to qualifying savings accounts. The bill also<br />

establishes that withdrawals from the savings accounts are<br />

taxable when utilized for the business. The <strong>PLC</strong> testified in<br />

support of this legislation and worked with the bill sponsor<br />

and the Maine Department of Economic and Community<br />

Development on a revised version of the bill during the<br />

session. The bill sponsor presented what he thought was a<br />

final version to the committee, but Maine Revenue Services<br />

still found issues with the bill that they wanted rectified<br />

before moving forward. Since it was so late in the session,<br />

the committee voted to carry the bill over to 2020 and move<br />

forward with it next year in final form.<br />

LD 1498, An Act To Provide Equity for<br />

Commercial Vehicles on Roads and Bridges in Maine. A<br />

<strong>PLC</strong> priority bill this session, current law allows certain<br />

commercial vehicles at Canadian weight limits that are<br />

higher than those in this State to travel from the United States<br />

-Canada border to certain points in this State. The <strong>PLC</strong><br />

testified in favor of the bill and also told the Committee that<br />

if they are not interested in increasing gross and axle weights,<br />

that they should eliminate the higher weight tolerances on<br />

three bridges for Canadian trucks. The Committee carried<br />

the bill over to next session and asked the Maine Dept. of<br />

Transportation to conduct an economic impact study this fall<br />

on the current exemption. The study will review how the<br />

exemption is hurting Maine loggers and truckers, what<br />

getting rid of the exemption would do to the mills that benefit<br />

and how are heavier weights impacting the roads and<br />

bridges.<br />

LD 1540, An Act Concerning Timber Harvesting<br />

on Public Lands and in State Parks, Historic Sites and the<br />

Restricted Zone of the Allagash. A <strong>PLC</strong> priority this<br />

session, this bill amends and enacts provisions regarding the<br />

Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry,<br />

Bureau of Parks and Lands' management of timber<br />

harvesting on state property under its jurisdiction, including:<br />

1. requiring the bureau to report on the State's actual and<br />

potential forest inventory status and needs, including the<br />

need for a sawmill or other forest products processing facility<br />

to be located in the state; 2. requiring contractors harvesting<br />

timber at state parks to be established businesses in the state,<br />

requiring contractors to be Master Logger certified, requiring<br />

contractors to own 50% of their own equipment to be used on<br />

the job, requiring contractors to have workers’ compensation<br />

insurance, and requiring all timber to be purchased by the<br />

contractor under a stumpage sale instead of service contracts;<br />

and 3. requiring forest products harvested, unless used by the<br />

state parks, to be sold to a sawmill or other forest products<br />

processing or manufacturing facility located in the State to be<br />

processed or manufactured at the facility. The <strong>PLC</strong> testified<br />

in favor of the bill because it believes strongly that<br />

contractors should benefit from harvesting on public lands<br />

and Master Loggers should be recognized for their<br />

work. Similar to LD 1301, Commissioner Beal from the<br />

Dept. of ACF asked the <strong>PLC</strong> to eliminate this bill for the<br />

time being to allow the new Director of Parks and Lands to<br />

investigate these issues and determine the best path forward<br />

to assist with these issues. The <strong>PLC</strong> agreed and will work<br />

with Director Cutko to ensure this policy development takes<br />

place.<br />

In summary, this was a long and arduous legislative<br />

session as there were over 1,800 bills printed and heard in<br />

front of committees. As a result, there was a lot of work for<br />

the <strong>PLC</strong> to push forward initiatives that could help our<br />

industry and push back upon those that would not. However,<br />

at the end of the day, the session could have been a lot worse<br />

in terms of raising the cost of doing business and hurting this<br />

industry for the long run. There were also a lot of bills that<br />

will help raise the bar for this industry and the rightful place<br />

of loggers and truckers in Maine was not only protected but<br />

was expanded as a result of the work that the <strong>PLC</strong> does in<br />

Augusta. Being in the middle in Augusta can have its<br />

challenges, but it is exactly where the <strong>PLC</strong> needs to be.<br />

Have a great summer and please do not hesitate to<br />

reach out to me if you have any questions on what transpired<br />

this session or what is on the horizon.<br />

Dana.<br />

16 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong> 17


The <strong>PLC</strong> of Maine 24th Annual Meeting<br />

Record 51,866 Raised!<br />

O<br />

XFORD - The Professional Logging<br />

Contractors (<strong>PLC</strong>) of Maine held its 24th<br />

Annual Meeting Friday,<br />

April 26, raising $51,866<br />

for Children’s Miracle Network<br />

Hospitals in Maine and presenting<br />

awards to businesses, individuals,<br />

and legislators from across Maine<br />

for their outstanding contributions to<br />

the logging industry.<br />

The meeting was held at a<br />

new location this year, the Oxford<br />

Casino & Event Center at 777<br />

Casino Way, Oxford, ME. and<br />

included a morning meeting of the<br />

membership. The morning events<br />

were followed by a luncheon with<br />

President of the Senate Troy<br />

Jackson and Speaker of the House,<br />

Sara Gideon as speakers. A social<br />

hour in the afternoon was followed by the annual <strong>PLC</strong> Log<br />

A Load for Maine Kids Auction, then the annual <strong>PLC</strong><br />

Dinner and Awards Ceremony. Second-district<br />

Congressman Jared Golden of Lewiston was the featured<br />

speaker for the evening.<br />

The $51,866 raised for Children’s Miracle<br />

Network Hospitals in Maine was a new record for the <strong>PLC</strong><br />

event, topping the previous record of $46,311 set in 2018.<br />

“Our Annual Meeting is a time to reflect, a time to<br />

celebrate and a time to plan for the future,” <strong>PLC</strong> Executive<br />

Director Dana Doran, said. “The <strong>PLC</strong> has made important<br />

strides on behalf of loggers, forest contractors, and forest<br />

truckers over the past year and stands ready to continue its<br />

work on behalf of the industry for years to come. Our<br />

members should be proud of what<br />

they have accomplished this year, and<br />

especially proud of what was<br />

accomplished here for the children<br />

tonight.”<br />

The Annual Meeting is one of<br />

the <strong>PLC</strong>’s major fund-raisers for the<br />

Log A Load for Kids Foundation to<br />

benefit Children’s Miracle Network<br />

(CMN) Hospitals. Last year total <strong>PLC</strong><br />

fund-raising for the cause exceeded<br />

$122,000<br />

The <strong>PLC</strong> and the Northern Light<br />

Health Foundation (formerly Eastern<br />

Maine Health Systems Foundation)<br />

have raised more than $1 million for<br />

Children’s Miracle Network Family, the<br />

Log A Load since 1996. Eastern<br />

LeClercs, at the <strong>PLC</strong> Annual Meeting.<br />

Maine Medical Center in Bangor is a<br />

Children’s Miracle Network Hospital and includes a<br />

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit that has received support for<br />

years from the <strong>PLC</strong>’s Log A Load efforts.<br />

In <strong>2019</strong>, the <strong>PLC</strong> is expanding its Log A Load<br />

campaign by partnering with the Barbara Bush Children’s<br />

Hospital in Portland to offer a second annual golf<br />

tournament in southern Maine (Sept. 6 at Lake Kezar<br />

Country Club in Lovell) in addition to its longstanding<br />

tournament in northern Maine (Sept. 20 JATO Highlands<br />

Golf Course in Lincoln). All funds raised will be disbursed<br />

equally between Barbara Bush Children’s Hospital and<br />

Eastern Maine Medical Center.<br />

14 18 Professional Logging April Contractors 26, <strong>2019</strong> - Oxford of Maine Casino & Event Center, Loggers Oxford, Serving ME Loggers Since 1995


<strong>PLC</strong> Awards <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>PLC</strong> Logger of the Year Award: This award<br />

recognizes a <strong>PLC</strong> Logging Contractor for their<br />

commitment to the sustainability of the industry<br />

and logging as a profession. The winner is:<br />

Kimball & Sons Logging<br />

<strong>PLC</strong> Impact Award: Each year, the <strong>PLC</strong><br />

recognizes someone from the public sector who<br />

has demonstrated a commitment to the logging<br />

industry and made a significant impact for its<br />

improvement. This year the award goes to two<br />

individuals. The winners are:<br />

Maine State Representatives Nathan<br />

Wadsworth and Michelle Dunphy<br />

Acadia Insurance Safety<br />

Award: This award is given to<br />

a company that continuously<br />

demonstrates safety throughout<br />

their business. The winner is:<br />

<strong>PLC</strong> President’s Award: This award is<br />

presented to an individual or organization<br />

within the <strong>PLC</strong> which has had a significant and<br />

positive impact on the <strong>PLC</strong> and the logging<br />

industry in Maine. The winner is:<br />

Melanie Campbell (Cross Insurance)<br />

<strong>PLC</strong> Community Service<br />

Award: This award is<br />

given annually to a <strong>PLC</strong><br />

Member, Supporting<br />

Member or affiliated<br />

organization that has<br />

demonstrated a significant<br />

commitment to giving back<br />

to their community. The<br />

winner is:<br />

Scott Hanington<br />

Chopper One Inc.<br />

<strong>PLC</strong> Supporting Member<br />

Award: This award is<br />

presented to a <strong>PLC</strong><br />

Supporting Member that<br />

has demonstrated an<br />

unprecedented commitment<br />

to logging contractors in<br />

Maine. The winner is:<br />

Acadia Insurance<br />

Congratulations to all <strong>2019</strong><br />

Award Winners<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> Spring <strong>2019</strong> 15 19


Photos<br />

Top: Chaffee<br />

Transport, LLC in<br />

Clinton, ME.<br />

OWNERS: Pleasant River Lumber<br />

YEAR FOUNDED: 2016<br />

ADDRESS: 162 Hinckley Road, Clinton, ME 04927<br />

PHONE NUMBER: (207) 426-8588<br />

Below: Pleasant<br />

River Lumber Trailer<br />

ready to roll.<br />

Opposite: Chaffee<br />

truck in Clinton.<br />

EMPLOYEES: 35<br />

TRUCKS: 28<br />

AREA OF OPERATION: East Coast of the United States,<br />

particularly Maine, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts<br />

SERVICES PROVIDED: Hauling roundwood, lumber, wood<br />

byproducts including bark and chips and sawdust, trash,<br />

cement blocks, bricks, and more.<br />

<strong>PLC</strong> FOREST CONTRACTOR SINCE: 2016<br />

20 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


WHY DID THE COMPANY JOIN <strong>PLC</strong>: Owner Pleasant River Lumber, a <strong>PLC</strong> Preferred<br />

Supporting Member, saw membership for Chaffee as an additional way to support the <strong>PLC</strong>.<br />

WHAT ARE THE BIGGEST ISSUES THE COMPANY WOULD LIKE <strong>PLC</strong> TO WORK ON:<br />

Educate the public about trucking, its importance, and safety rules for the road. Work to ensure<br />

taxes collected from trucking go where they were intended - to support roads, infrastructure and<br />

other things the industry needs.<br />

Trucking section Continued Page 22<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong> 21


Trucking Industry News...<br />

FMCSA Updates ELD FAQs...<br />

Recently, FMCSA made the following updates to<br />

the ELD Frequently Asked Questions. The question below<br />

has been revised (updates are in bold).<br />

What must a driver do if there is an electronic<br />

logging device (ELD) malfunction?<br />

If an ELD malfunctions, a driver must:<br />

1. Note the malfunction of the ELD and provide written<br />

notice of the malfunction to the motor carrier within 24<br />

hours;<br />

2. Reconstruct the record of duty status (RODS) for the<br />

current 24-hour period and the previous 7 consecutive<br />

days, and record the records of duty status on graph-grid<br />

paper logs, or electronic logging software, that comply<br />

with 49 CFR 395.8, unless the driver already has the<br />

records or retrieves them from the ELD; and<br />

Continue to manually prepare RODS in accordance with 49<br />

CFR 395.8 until the ELD is serviced and back in<br />

compliance. The recording of the driver’s hours of service<br />

on a paper log, or electronic logging software, cannot<br />

continue for more than 8 days after the malfunction; a<br />

driver that continues to record his or her hours of service<br />

on a paper log, or electronic logging software, beyond 8<br />

days risk being placed out of service.<br />

The question below is a new addition to the ELD<br />

FAQs:<br />

When should a driver use paper logs or<br />

electronic logging software if an ELD malfunction<br />

occurs?<br />

A driver should only use paper logs, or electronic<br />

logging software, or other electronic means to record their<br />

HOS if the ELD malfunction hinders the accurate<br />

recording of the driver’s hours-of-service data (i.e., 10/11,<br />

14/15, 60/70 hours; or 30 minute).<br />

Learn more here: https://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/hours<br />

-service/elds/faqs<br />

22 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


FMCSA Launches Drug and Alcohol Clearinghouse<br />

Website...<br />

FMCSA has launched a new website with<br />

information about the Commercial Driver’s License Drug<br />

and Alcohol Clearinghouse. Visit https://<br />

clearinghouse.fmcsa.dot.gov to learn more about how<br />

CDL drivers and their employers will be required to use the<br />

Clearinghouse beginning January 6, 2020. You will be able<br />

to sign up for email updates.<br />

Canadian Revenue Agency Notice of Fuel Charge<br />

and Registration Requirements...<br />

A new fuel charge, administered by the Canada<br />

Revenue Agency (CRA), was introduced as part of the<br />

Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act.<br />

The fuel charge is expected to be effective April 1,<br />

<strong>2019</strong> for the provinces of Manitoba, New Brunswick,<br />

Ontario and Saskatchewan and July 1, <strong>2019</strong> for the<br />

territories of Nunavut and Yukon.<br />

The attached informational bulletin, provided by<br />

the CRA, details the fuel charge plan. IFTA, Inc. is<br />

forwarding this bulletin to provide jurisdictions with<br />

information to assist their carriers. It will also be posted on<br />

the IFTA Inc. website.<br />

The registration materials are available at:<br />

https://www.canada.ca/en/revenue-agency/services/tax/<br />

excise-taxes-duties-levies/fuel-charge.html<br />

Unified Carrier Registration Online Service…<br />

This service allows Maine based individuals and<br />

companies that operate commercial motor vehicles in<br />

interstate or international commerce to register their<br />

business and pay the annual UCR fee based on the size of<br />

their fleet. Brokers, freight forwarders, and leasing<br />

companies are also required to register and pay a fee equal<br />

to the lowest fee tier. Companies providing both motor<br />

carrier services as well as broker, freight forwarder or<br />

leasing services are required to pay the fee level set at the<br />

motor carrier level.<br />

Roadside enforcement period began April 1,<br />

<strong>2019</strong>. You can access the payment portal at Maine<br />

BMV here:<br />

https://apps1.web.maine.gov/cgi-bin/online/ucr/index.pl<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong> 23


<strong>PLC</strong> Supporting Member Spotlight<br />

Logging chokers coming off the line at<br />

Wallingford’s New Hampton, NH facility.<br />

O<br />

AKLAND - Wallingford’s Inc. is a company<br />

with operations and facilities on two<br />

continents, thousands of dealers, and a thick<br />

catalog of products marketed to customers<br />

across the United States, Canada, and Europe.<br />

Yet this leading international wholesaler of tire<br />

chain, logging, and industrial supplies started out small,<br />

with its roots in logging and snowmobiling in West Forks,<br />

Maine.<br />

John “Jay” Wallingford, President and CEO of the<br />

company, remembers growing up working for his late<br />

father, Richard Wallingford, who had a large logging<br />

operation using horses before cable skidders came along to<br />

replace them. His father never lost his love of horses after<br />

the days of logging with them were done, and many recall<br />

him as one of the best draft horsemen in the United States<br />

- he and his horses still hold the world record for the<br />

largest load ever pulled by a two-horse team.<br />

“He was a lifelong logger up in West Forks so I<br />

was born and raised in logging. I always liked it because I<br />

always had a job,” Jay said, recalling starting out as a<br />

young boy cleaning horse stalls and progressing over the<br />

years to hooking tongs from a cable crane loading logs,<br />

and eventually building logging roads with heavy<br />

equipment, always appreciating the ability to earn some<br />

money for clothes. “I was the best dressed person in my<br />

class.”<br />

Being in West Forks, the Wallingfords were also<br />

24 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


into snowmobiles, and by high school, Jay was heavily into<br />

racing them. He graduated from high school in 1970, then<br />

graduated from Unity College with a degree in criminal<br />

justice in 1972 and returned to West Forks with no clear<br />

idea of what he wanted to do. His father happened to be<br />

planning on building a new garage for his logging business<br />

and Jay and a friend took on the job and built it. Jay at that<br />

time was racing for a company out of Quebec and needed<br />

to keep a lot of parts on hand, and so they got the idea of<br />

putting in a showroom in the garage and selling<br />

snowmobiles and parts for them. This led to the founding<br />

of R.L. Wallingford and Son.<br />

The showroom had not been in existence for long<br />

when one day a station wagon<br />

pulled up to the garage in West<br />

Forks and a man named Dave<br />

Tilton got out. Tilton and his<br />

brother Steve were the founders<br />

of Tilton Equipment Co., which<br />

was the U.S. importer of<br />

Jonsered chain saws. He was<br />

looking for dealers to sell them.<br />

The Wallingfords recognized an<br />

opportunity.<br />

“So suddenly we<br />

became the third Jonsered dealer<br />

in the entire country,” Jay said.<br />

“So with the advent of the<br />

chainsaws that ultimately led us<br />

to logging supplies, and as I<br />

learned more on the logging<br />

supply side I just saw a<br />

wholesale opportunity. There<br />

was some risk involved and I<br />

approached my father and said<br />

look, I’d like to go in this<br />

direction. I’d like to buy your<br />

interest out and liquidate the<br />

retail assets and raise the money<br />

to build the company that is now<br />

today Wallingford’s<br />

Incorporated.”<br />

His father agreed. That<br />

was in 1975, and that is how the<br />

company began. But to fully<br />

understand Wallingford’s growth and influence since those<br />

early days, you have to consider the company’s innovation<br />

in identifying or developing products to meet needs in the<br />

logging industry, not just here in Maine, but worldwide.<br />

The list of innovations introduced by<br />

Wallingford’s over the years is a long one, but it starts with<br />

the J1 choker system, a real game changer developed by<br />

the company that launched Wallingford’s on its way to<br />

larger success.<br />

Introduced in the early 1970s, the J1 provided an<br />

easy and affordable fix for converting the chain choker<br />

systems used on cable skidders to cable chokers that were<br />

Cable being coiled before button installation at<br />

Wallingford’s New Hampton, NH facility.<br />

more suited to the needs of Maine loggers skidding loads<br />

of small diameter softwood. It sold then, and it’s still a big<br />

seller today in regions like the Appalachians where cable<br />

skidders remain in common use.<br />

More innovations followed (see sidebar), and more<br />

success with them.<br />

The influence of Wallingford’s is evident when<br />

you look at the list of products developed by or adopted by<br />

Wallingford’s and then at other products on the market<br />

today produced by competitors, Jay said.<br />

“You’d be hard pressed to find one that hasn’t<br />

been copied,” Jay said.<br />

As the company grew,<br />

Jay hired a business manager,<br />

Bob Hirschfield, to administer it<br />

and went on the road full-time<br />

handling sales. Bob today is a<br />

partner in Wallingford’s,<br />

owning 49 percent of the<br />

company while Jay retains 51<br />

percent.<br />

Wallingford’s remained<br />

in West Forks for several years<br />

until changes in federal trucking<br />

regulations led to a loss of daily<br />

freight service to the area,<br />

forcing the company to move<br />

south in the early 1980s.<br />

Wallingford’s relocated<br />

its main base of operations to<br />

Pembrook, New Hampshire.<br />

Later it moved to Tilton, and<br />

still later to New Hampton<br />

where it remains today. Jay<br />

chose to stay in Maine, focused<br />

on regional sales, and in 1986<br />

he founded BABAC® Traction<br />

Products - a pioneering U.S. tire<br />

chain manufacturer notable for<br />

its development of the U-<br />

Form® stud.<br />

“With the advent of the<br />

grapple skidder as opposed to<br />

the cable skidder, the imported<br />

case hardened chains just weren’t working, they were<br />

breaking, so we thought we needed to come up with<br />

something new and different, which is what we did,” Jay<br />

said of BABAC® .<br />

BABAC® still manufactures its products at a<br />

plant right in Winslow, Maine. A tour of the facility shows<br />

several innovations and procedures that can’t be shared in<br />

this article due to the competitive nature of the industry,<br />

but which increase efficiency, quality, and customer<br />

service. Efforts to improve conditions for workers are an<br />

important part of the company’s approach, as are testing<br />

and tracking of products and components used in them and<br />

Wallingford’s Continued Page 26<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong> 25


Wallingford’s Continued from Page 25<br />

a system flexible enough to produce specialized orders for<br />

customers with specific requests, Justin Wener, Plant<br />

Manager, said.<br />

“We have testing requirements so that we know<br />

the component is good before it gets into production. We<br />

have traceability, we have quality control, and we can<br />

design anything that you want.” Justin said.<br />

Manufacturing for Wallingford’s is concentrated<br />

at the plant in New Hampton, New Hampshire, where<br />

workers efficiently turn out chain and cable products. The<br />

factory is a beehive of activity, with production rolling,<br />

freight moving in and out, and the offices upstairs<br />

coordinating everything. Worker pride in the products is<br />

evident when you talk to employees there, as it is<br />

throughout the company.<br />

The headquarters for Wallingford’s is still in<br />

26 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


Maine, at a modern, attractive office located in Oakland.<br />

There, a team of a dozen sales, marketing, and information<br />

technology specialists coordinate the massive job of<br />

getting the quality products Wallingford’s manufactures or<br />

is the distributor for - like Clark Tracks, GB Bars, and<br />

Nordchain - to a network of more than 3,000 dealers,<br />

distributors and OEMs(original equipment manufacturers)<br />

across North America and Europe while constantly seeking<br />

new dealers and opportunities.<br />

The current office is a far cry from the days when<br />

Jay was effectively the entire sales staff for Wallingford’s,<br />

working out of a home office. He later moved to a house<br />

on Oak Street in Oakland as sales staff grew, then to the<br />

current Kennedy Memorial Drive location in the early<br />

2000s.<br />

While Wallingford’s maintains a presence in the<br />

field and will do whatever is necessary to serve its dealers<br />

and customers, one key to success and expansion has been<br />

the move to inside sales Jay said.<br />

That decision is one he made after traveling across<br />

the country to meet with a dealer in Ohio. He flew to<br />

Pittsburgh, rented a car, drove out to the meeting, and sat<br />

down and began talking with the dealer, but every time the<br />

phone rang the dealer stopped and picked it up. He realized<br />

then the phone was a far more effective way to reach<br />

dealers than the expensive and time consuming practice of<br />

face to face meetings, Jay said.<br />

Since then, the progression of communications and<br />

marketing online has been dramatic, and today<br />

Wallingford’s sales team still travels to see dealers and talk<br />

to customers, but not on a daily or weekly basis.<br />

The move to inside sales also allowed the company<br />

to expand beyond the Northeast, Ohio, and Pennsylvania<br />

across the rest of the U.S., Canada, and eventually Europe.<br />

The company added distribution facilities in the<br />

Netherlands in 2009, Edmonton, Alberta in 2012, and<br />

Montreal, Quebec in 2016.<br />

Today Wallingford’s continues to build on its<br />

success by staying on top of industry needs. When the<br />

company identifies a need, it searches the globe for a<br />

product to meet it and if successful becomes the wholesaler<br />

for that product. If no product exists, Wallingford’s<br />

Wallingford’s Continued Page 28<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong> 27


Photos<br />

Background, Wallingford’s headquarters in<br />

Oakland, ME.<br />

At left, Wallingford’s New Hampton, NH<br />

facility.<br />

Wallingford’s Continued from Page 27<br />

development team goes to work to design and manufacture<br />

one. The company retains a strong focus on forestry related<br />

products.<br />

Over the last five years, Wallingford’s has taken<br />

on new products including Clark Tracks, GB Harvester<br />

bars, Carlton saw chains, Ballantine hot saw teeth, and has<br />

just launched a whole new<br />

line of harvester chains<br />

called Orbit..<br />

The logging industry<br />

is hard on equipment, and<br />

things that break frequently<br />

or wear out sooner than they<br />

should don’t last long in the<br />

market. Wallingford’s<br />

knows this and devotes a lot<br />

of time and resources to<br />

making sure the products it<br />

distributes are tough,<br />

reliable, and work the way<br />

they are supposed to. That<br />

includes testing materials used in products even before<br />

they go onto the factory floors, strong quality control<br />

procedures and tracking of components, and extensive<br />

field testing of finished products - often right here in<br />

Maine with Members of the Professional Logging<br />

Contractors of Maine (<strong>PLC</strong>).<br />

A strong relationship with Maine loggers over<br />

many years first led Wallingford’s to join the <strong>PLC</strong> in 2015,<br />

as well as a desire to do more to support them after seeing<br />

the challenges that were hitting the industry. Since then<br />

Wallingford’s, a Preferred Supporting Member, has been a<br />

strong partner with the <strong>PLC</strong> and stepped up in support of<br />

<strong>PLC</strong> efforts from Log A Load for Maine Kids to the<br />

Mechanized Logging<br />

Operations Program. It has<br />

also offered <strong>PLC</strong> Memberonly<br />

discounts on products.<br />

“Our biggest thing<br />

with <strong>PLC</strong> Members is, we<br />

want to support them, we<br />

want them to obviously use<br />

our products, we want to try<br />

and save them some money,<br />

and we want to give them<br />

good service,” Jay said. “If<br />

they want to buy our<br />

products they can buy from<br />

us or they can go to the<br />

dealers but in either case it’s going to be at a savings for<br />

them and hopefully at a level of service that they like.”<br />

Meanwhile, Wallingford’s will continue to build<br />

on its strong foundation in Maine logging and ingenuity to<br />

remain a leader in logging supplies not just here, but<br />

across the<br />

world.<br />

Wallingford’s New Hampton, NH facility.<br />

28 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


SAFETY<br />

STARTS<br />

WITH ME<br />

<strong>2019</strong> Safety and Fleet Training<br />

Presented by:<br />

SAFETY<br />

STARTS<br />

WITH ME<br />

S<br />

pring of <strong>2019</strong> marked a new level of success for <strong>PLC</strong> Safety and Fleet Trainings, bringing training to a record 13<br />

locations across Maine and setting a new record for numbers of companies and employees served.<br />

When all was said and done <strong>PLC</strong> brought Safety Trainings to 109 companies and 709 employees. Fleet Training<br />

served 36 companies and 247 employees. Feedback has been extraordinarily positive and the <strong>PLC</strong> is already<br />

looking ahead to even more opportunities to help our industry, lower risk, and provide relevant, cost-effective training.<br />

This free training is a benefit of membership and provides practical, hands-on instruction on a wide variety of<br />

topics to improve individual and company safety.<br />

Many thanks to our instructors who gave their time and expertise to these efforts. Thanks also to our generous<br />

sponsors for the trainings. Interested in future trainings or sponsorship opportunities? Email jessica@maineloggers.com<br />

or call (207) 688-8195. *pictures below of Safety and Fleet Trainings in Fort Kent, Stratton, and Milford.<br />

Alex Labonville, Sales Manager<br />

Cell: 207-233-4801<br />

www.labonville.com<br />

Ask about special <strong>PLC</strong> of<br />

Maine member only discounts!<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong> 29


Lead with Safety<br />

By Donald Burr<br />

<strong>PLC</strong> Safety & Training Coordinator<br />

safety@maineloggers.com<br />

Today I am going to talk about safety<br />

leadership. The more I learn about the art of being safe<br />

the more I see that it is a mindset or sometimes referred<br />

to as a culture and sometimes the biggest step is a<br />

simple one - it is often said that showing up is 80% of<br />

the work, well that goes for safety leadership too. As<br />

we went all around the state conducting the <strong>PLC</strong> safety<br />

trainings I purposely was paying attention (why because<br />

you are never too poor to pay attention) to the crews to<br />

see what level of safety awareness each company had.<br />

Talking to owners, foremen, and the operators, I could<br />

pick up on how they dealt with safety. Certainly, every<br />

company gets a high five for sending the crews to spring<br />

safety training, but what was the commitment? Many<br />

were there to check the box (how many times did I hear<br />

“if I sign my name now can I go home?”, and at many<br />

levels I understand this but with a little more investment<br />

not only can you check the box but you can stand on the<br />

box and raise awareness in your company.<br />

I have quoted many times in my career, Major<br />

Dick Winters of the “Band of Brothers” mini-series<br />

based on his experience in Europe during WWII. He<br />

says that “Leaders lead the way.” Now when it comes to<br />

safety this could not be truer. In the companies that I<br />

see that take safety seriously the owners and foremen<br />

are right there in the classes asking questions, relating<br />

experiences and helping to move the safety ball forward<br />

down the field to a safer company. We see this playing<br />

out when we ask an operator a question and his owner<br />

the same question and we get good answers that are<br />

similar. A sure sign of a company that has safety as a<br />

culture. Not just in words but in deeds. Not just<br />

checking the box but blowing the box up and taking it to<br />

the next level. The difference between compliance<br />

training and training that looks at compliance as the base<br />

line to be stood upon, not a bar to be reached up to.<br />

I have observed too many times to count that an<br />

operator goes to a training and brings back an idea that<br />

they learned at training and the owner/foreman says,<br />

“we don’t do that here.” Said flat out with nothing to<br />

back it up, just “we don’t do that.” It would different if<br />

they said, “we don’t do that because we do this and we<br />

find it works better,” and have a decent educated<br />

discussion. Shutting down a different safety idea has a<br />

huge effect on the crew. Not to say all new ideas are<br />

good, and let’s be fair, some new ideas suck, but never<br />

engaging with your crew and participating in training,<br />

the “safety ball” will never move or be taken seriously.<br />

This has a two-pronged effect on the crews: One it stops<br />

any ideas being shared, which stops the crews from<br />

thinking and being safe starts with thinking. Two, you<br />

will miss good ideas just because, “we don’t do that<br />

here”.<br />

We had a contractor come for the first time to<br />

one of our trainings this year after sending his crew for<br />

multiple years. His comment is worth hearing. “I had<br />

no idea what I was missing by not joining my crew<br />

here.” I personally sat through all the trainings this year<br />

one day or another and at the very last training where I<br />

learned how workmen’s comp. costs work and how it<br />

does not take long to see how an accident culture<br />

(opposed to a safety culture) can cost a company its<br />

profit margin or the new equipment margin. Bottom<br />

line, nobody wants to see anyone hurt and no company<br />

wants to spend money on insurance and one way you<br />

can reduce this for your company is for you and your<br />

foremen to train, participate, engage, and lead with your<br />

crews from the front. “Leaders (owners & foremen)<br />

lead the way.”<br />

30 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


Ted Clark, CLCS, Loss Control Consultant, Acadia Insurance<br />

Quarterly Safety Meeting: Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke<br />

As we work our way out of a long spring and into the<br />

hot and humid months of summer, it is important to take a<br />

moment and review the hazards of working outside in hot<br />

weather and to remind ourselves of the signs and symptoms<br />

associated with heat related illnesses including Heat Exhaustion<br />

and Heat Stroke.<br />

Your body’s primary mode of cooling is through sweat.<br />

When sweat evaporates from your skin surface it pulls heat along<br />

with it making it an extremely effective method of cooling. As<br />

long as you are adequately hydrated and heat dissipation can keep<br />

up with your body’s heat production, your core temperature<br />

should remain normal. When the heat dissipation is not able to<br />

keep up with heat production, you could become a victim of a<br />

heat related illness. It is critical to quickly recognize and treat<br />

these symptoms to prevent serious injury or death.<br />

Heat Exhaustion<br />

Symptoms:<br />

Heat exhaustion is caused by dehydration from sweating<br />

and generally results in a core body temperature that is either<br />

normal or slightly elevated. The patient will be awake and<br />

display a normal mental status. The patient will often complain<br />

about nausea, headache, and weakness and will continue to<br />

sweat.<br />

Taking a medical history can be helpful here and will<br />

often identify inadequate food and fluid intake as well as a<br />

decreased urine output.<br />

Treatment:<br />

Early recognition of the symptoms and treating them<br />

quickly is important because heat exhaustion can escalate rapidly<br />

to heat stroke.<br />

The principle of treatment is simple: Stop the fluid loss,<br />

replace the lost fluids and move the patient to a cooler area.<br />

Generally, oral replacement of fluids will be adequate but try to<br />

avoid the temptation to give too much water because that can<br />

backfire and cause further problems. Electrolyte drinks such as a<br />

sports drink, or food, will help replenish salt that was depleted<br />

during sweating and is vital to rehydration. Do not give the<br />

patient salt tablets as they can cause stomach irritation and<br />

vomiting. If the patient is vomiting, an IV may be necessary but<br />

you may also be able to rehydrate by giving fluids frequently, in<br />

small amounts.<br />

It may take up to 12 hours to rehydrate a patient back to<br />

normal. If symptoms persist, evacuation to medical help will be<br />

necessary.<br />

Heat Stroke<br />

Symptoms:<br />

Heat stroke is a major problem that requires immediate<br />

medical treatment. Essentially, your body has lost its ability to<br />

cool itself and the core temperature has become dangerously<br />

elevated, causing damage to the nervous system and other vital<br />

organs. This may or may not be preceded by heat exhaustion.<br />

You will notice an altered mental status that is persistent. Urine<br />

output has likely decreased and will be brown or red in color.<br />

Often times, but not always, the patient will stop sweating<br />

completely.<br />

The patient’s condition will be getting worse and, if not<br />

treated, will lead to death.<br />

Treatment:<br />

While fluid replacement is critical, your top priority<br />

must be lowering the core temperature. Cease all physical<br />

exertion and remove the patient from the hot environment.<br />

Medical help and aggressive cooling is required. Immersion in<br />

cool water is ideal but if not possible, other forms of rapid<br />

cooling may be effective. Removal of unnecessary clothing can<br />

also be helpful in reducing the body’s core temperature.<br />

Watch for improved mental status as an indicator that the core<br />

temperature is beginning to improve to more normal levels. Once<br />

the core temperature is being effectively treated, it is critical to<br />

begin replacing fluids as outlined earlier.<br />

Prevention<br />

Hydration:<br />

While working outside in the heat, it is easy for fluid<br />

loss through sweat to go unnoticed until it is too late. Therefore,<br />

it is critical to maintain adequate hydration throughout the<br />

summer months. The CDC recommends 1 cup of water for every<br />

15-20 minutes if you are working outside less than 2 hours. If<br />

sweating longer, a sports drink with electrolytes should be added.<br />

It is also critical to avoid drinks with high caffeine, alcohol, or<br />

sugar because these can further dehydrate you.<br />

Rest Breaks:<br />

Acclimatization will be different for every employee<br />

therefore, rest breaks should be taken as the individual begins to<br />

feel heat discomfort. As temperature, humidity and sunshine<br />

increase, frequency of breaks in cool, shaded areas should be<br />

increased.<br />

Acclimatization:<br />

As you spend more time in the heat, your body will<br />

gradually adapt to the stress. Because of this, it is important to<br />

increase the exposure over 7 to 14 days, allowing employees to<br />

fully acclimatize. The CDC recommends allowing workers who<br />

have not spent a lot of time in the heat spend no more than 20%<br />

of the usual duration of work in the heat on day one and no more<br />

than a 20% increase each additional day.<br />

Conclusion<br />

Logging in today’s heavily mechanized world is a great<br />

benefit because many employees get to spend a great deal of their<br />

time being productive in a climate controlled cabin. Even with<br />

the large majority of their time spent in the cab, employees will<br />

occasionally have to spend time on the ground, walking,<br />

inspecting equipment, and performing maintenance to machinery.<br />

During the summer, this time on the ground can be dangerous<br />

due to heat exposure. It is important that employees are aware of<br />

the signs for heat related illness and the first aid measures to take<br />

in order to properly treat someone showing these signs. Armed<br />

with this information and a heavy dose of prevention, employees<br />

can be more productive and safe while working in the woods.<br />

Acadia Insurance is pleased to share this material with its<br />

customers. Please note, however, that nothing in this document should<br />

be construed as legal advice or the provision of professional consulting<br />

services. This material is for general informational purposes only, and<br />

while reasonable care has been utilized in compiling this information, no<br />

warranty or representation is made as to accuracy or completeness.<br />

*Meeting sign-in sheet on the back! Cut along dotted line to left to detach this section. 31


*This sign-in sheet is intended to be used with the quarterly Safety Training Topic on<br />

page 31. Refer to the cutline on page 31 when removing it from the magazine.<br />

32 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


Personal Protective Equipment and Safety Training: Getting the Attention It Should?<br />

By Erika Scott<br />

NEC Deputy<br />

Director<br />

How many times have you seen the boss coming,<br />

only to realize that you forgot your hearing protection in<br />

the shop? What about the days when your safety glasses are<br />

protecting your truck’s center console, instead of your<br />

eyes? You could be thinking right now, “Yup – that<br />

happens more than I’d like to admit,” or, “No way – we run<br />

a tight ship, and everyone wears their personal protective<br />

equipment”.<br />

Many factors contribute to a safe logging<br />

operation, and personal protective equipment (PPE) and<br />

safety training are critical components of the overall plan.<br />

In what’s called the “Hierarchy of Controls” (Figure 1)<br />

these are the last lines of defense, but often the ones we<br />

have to think about most. Logging has come a long way<br />

from the way your grandfathers and great-grandfathers did<br />

things, with much of the work operated from a snug cab<br />

filled with joysticks, toggle switches, and heat/AC (when<br />

you’re lucky). But the reality is that today’s loggers are still<br />

exposed to a lot of dangers.<br />

The use of PPE isn’t just a sensible thing to do.<br />

Often, it’s required by the Occupational Safety and Health<br />

Administration (OSHA), dependent on your job task or<br />

role. (OSHA made these requirements after heaps of injury<br />

reports and investigations showed PPE would have<br />

lessened or spared someone from injury). Initial results<br />

from our project, the Maine Logger Health and Safety<br />

Study, suggest that Maine loggers may not be as vigilant<br />

about PPE usage and safety training as they should.<br />

Almost 400 Maine loggers have been a part of the<br />

Maine Logger Health and Safety Study, a project of the<br />

Northeast Center for Occupational Health and Safety in<br />

Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing (NEC), a non-profit<br />

research group. Many of you reading this may be involved<br />

in the project. So far, nearly 400 loggers have given their<br />

feedback through an initial survey, and about 300 continue<br />

to participate. See figures 2 & 3 for more about the loggers<br />

involved. In addition, more than 80 Maine loggers received<br />

Figure 1. Hierarchy of Controls<br />

(https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/hierarchy/default.html)<br />

Figure 2. Study Snapshot<br />

NEC Continued Page 34<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong> 33


NEC Continued from Page 33<br />

free health exams through the project<br />

when offered at three <strong>PLC</strong> safety<br />

trainings and at the Loggers’ Expo this<br />

spring. Additional free health exams<br />

will be available next spring as well.<br />

Trainings: minimum<br />

requirements. OSHA says that<br />

employers should be holding safety<br />

meetings at least once a month, or more<br />

often, if needed (see Focus on OSHA<br />

Standards). Preliminary results from<br />

the Maine Logger Health and Safety<br />

Study’s initial surveys show that 59%<br />

of respondents said they had safety<br />

training in the past three months. That<br />

means that over 40% said they didn’t<br />

have safety training in the last three<br />

months. Looking into this further, it<br />

appears the rates of safety training are<br />

different depending on company size,<br />

ranging from 28% for sole operators to<br />

nearly 80% for companies with more<br />

than 50 employees.<br />

It makes sense that larger<br />

companies have the resources to<br />

regularly hold safety trainings/<br />

meetings, but if you’re part of a smaller<br />

crew and don’t regularly “talk safety,”<br />

consider adding a tailgate training or<br />

just holding a conversation about safe<br />

practices at least one a month. This<br />

would be a great time to review your<br />

emergency action plan, even if your job<br />

site hasn’t changed.<br />

Speaking of emergency action<br />

plans, a positive finding from the study<br />

was that over 80% of respondents said<br />

their company has an emergency action<br />

plan for the jobsite, and that it is often<br />

reviewed every time the jobsite<br />

OSHA Training Standard<br />

1910.266(i)(11)<br />

FOCUS ON OSHA<br />

STANDARDS<br />

"Safety and health meetings." The<br />

employer shall hold safety and health<br />

meetings as necessary and at least each<br />

month for each employee. Safety and<br />

health meetings may be conducted<br />

individually, in crew meetings, in larger<br />

groups, or as part of other staff<br />

meetings.<br />

1910.266(d)(1)(vi)<br />

The employer shall provide, at no cost<br />

to the employee, and assure that each<br />

employee who works in an area where<br />

there is potential for head injury from<br />

falling or flying objects wears head<br />

protection meeting the requirements of<br />

subpart I of Part 1910.<br />

1910.266(d)(1)(vii)<br />

The employer shall provide, at no cost<br />

to the employee, and assure that each<br />

employee wears the following:<br />

1910.266(d)(1)(vii)(A)<br />

Eye protection meeting the<br />

requirements of subpart I of Part 1910<br />

where there is potential for eye injury<br />

due to falling or flying objects; and<br />

1910.266(d)(1)(vii)(B)<br />

changes.<br />

For PPE, usage varied<br />

depending on the person’s job role.<br />

Two thirds of respondents said their<br />

employer provided eye protection and<br />

about 70% said their employer<br />

provided a hard hat. The research team<br />

still needs to dig into the data more to<br />

tease out the job roles where that type<br />

of PPE is needed.<br />

More information from the<br />

project will be available in the coming<br />

months. The Maine Logger Health and<br />

Safety Study’s purpose has been to<br />

identify how NEC can most effectively<br />

work with the Maine logging industry<br />

to improve worker safety and health.<br />

Learn more about the study by<br />

visiting http://www.necenter.org/<br />

forestry/research/ or its Facebook page<br />

@MaineLoggerHealthandSafetyStudy.<br />

All individual data is kept strictly<br />

confidential and results are only<br />

reported as summaries. The NEC is<br />

committed to working in partnership<br />

with logging companies and<br />

stakeholders to improve health and<br />

safety in a non-regulatory way.<br />

Need ideas for safety meeting<br />

topics? Using NIOSH’s FACE<br />

Investigations can be a starting point<br />

for a conversation on safety, based on<br />

logging fatalities from around the<br />

country. Visit https://www.cdc.gov/<br />

niosh/topics/logging/ and find FACE<br />

under the ‘Resources’ section. Trying<br />

to better understand the OSHA rules<br />

for logging? Visit their page at https://<br />

www.osha.gov/SLTC/logging/<br />

index.html.<br />

A Higher Standard<br />

You know your company holds itself to a higher standard of timber harvesting Prove you are a cut above with<br />

Master Logger Certification<br />

masterloggercertification.com<br />

34 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


Mechanized Logging Operations Program <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong> underway<br />

Fifteen students began classes June 24 in the Mechanized Logging Operations Program (MLOP), which has<br />

launched its latest three-month hands-on training course in the woods of Western Maine. Students enrolled in the<br />

post-secondary training program will spend weeks harvesting timber using mechanized logging equipment and<br />

gaining experience unavailable in any other training program in Maine and neighboring states. The students are<br />

based at <strong>PLC</strong> Member Pepin Lumber in Stratton. This summer’s class will be the third since the program launched<br />

in 2017. Graduation for the class will be held on Sept. 19.<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong> 35


Professional Logging Contractors (<strong>PLC</strong>) of Maine welcomes<br />

Patty Cormier as new Director of Maine Forest Service<br />

In May, the Professional Logging Contractors (<strong>PLC</strong>)<br />

of Maine welcomed the news that veteran District Forester<br />

Patty Cormier of Farmington had been named the new<br />

Director of the Maine Forest Service.<br />

Cormier, who has more than 30 years of experience<br />

as a forester, replaced Douglas Denico, who had served in<br />

the post for the past 8 years. Dana Doran, Executive Director<br />

of the <strong>PLC</strong>, said Cormier is well known to the <strong>PLC</strong> and its<br />

members through her work as a district forester and as a<br />

representative of the Maine Forest Service.<br />

“We believe that Ms. Cormier is a terrific choice to<br />

lead the agency as she is objective, mission driven, has<br />

integrity, values the agency and its people and will ensure<br />

that the Maine Forest Service assists the logging industry<br />

Q & A<br />

Patty Cormier<br />

with its success,” Doran said. “We have always found her to<br />

be a professional in her dealings with the <strong>PLC</strong> and its<br />

members and we look forward to a strong working<br />

relationship with the agency.”<br />

“Professional loggers in Maine need the Maine<br />

Forest Service to work as a partner with them for the<br />

betterment of our working forests and the rural communities,<br />

loggers, and truckers who depend on them. We are confident<br />

that Ms. Cormier will bring competence, experience, and<br />

fairness to this task,” Doran added.<br />

Below, Ms. Cormier answered a few questions from<br />

the <strong>PLC</strong> about her plans, background, and approach to the<br />

job. We thank her for taking the time to speak with the<br />

<strong>PLC</strong>.<br />

a matter of keeping that balance.<br />

How do you see your role and the role of Maine Forest<br />

Service when it comes to supporting Maine’s logging<br />

industry and the forest products economy?<br />

Maine Forest<br />

Service<br />

Director<br />

What can you tell us about your experience and background<br />

related to Maine’s logging industry?<br />

During part of the 10 years I worked at Georgia Pacific out of<br />

Baileyville, I was a Landowner Assistance Forester and hit the<br />

ground running in the position working with multiple logging<br />

contractors with all ranges of equipment, through every aspect of<br />

harvesting on private lots and company ground. The acreage of<br />

these lots ranged from 10 to 5000. This was where I really got my<br />

ears wet, and through the school of hard knocks learned the<br />

perspective of the logger, the challenges loggers face and the<br />

good work that can be gained by everyone working together and<br />

respecting each others knowledge base and strengths. It was<br />

also a lesson on markets and the sometimes-fickle nature of<br />

landowner expectations. I especially appreciated the one logger<br />

who would cook me shrimp on his manifold when he knew I was<br />

going to visit the job. This was a great spring board for working as<br />

a District Forester for MFS for 20 years. In that role came the<br />

regulatory side of things as well as educating and assisting<br />

loggers and landowners on forest management, the laws etc. It<br />

was always very satisfying to have a logger call before going on a<br />

job to get my advice; I took that as a compliment. I so respect the<br />

job loggers/contractors and all the employees involved in the<br />

logging business, it isn’t easy, and I certainly felt it wasn’t my<br />

place to make it any more difficult and that trying to always find<br />

that balance of on the ground reality in logging when dealing with<br />

the laws can be a challenge. I just want to assure anyone on the<br />

logging industry, I am an advocate for you and the forest; It is just<br />

“The MFS has a long history of protecting Maine’s forests from<br />

wildfires, insect and disease outbreaks, poor forest practices and<br />

providing timely information to help foster informed decisions.<br />

These various MFS activities focus on having Maine’s forests<br />

more enjoyable, productive, healthy and well managed.” This is<br />

off our website. I see our role as keeping the forest engine<br />

running if you will. There are many pieces to the puzzle that<br />

makes up the Maine forest Industry and I will do everything I can<br />

to facilitate who needs to get with who to expand the industry.<br />

The Maine logging industry is part of our brand of the past,<br />

present and future. A big part of that is we will continue our<br />

outreach to landowners about working with their land, we need to<br />

get across to landowners that it is not a scary event, it should be a<br />

satisfying one that employs resource professionals such as<br />

loggers to achieve their goals. This is all adds to the supply part<br />

of things. A question that always needs to be reviewed is are we<br />

treating everyone fairly in the regulatory side of the house. Our<br />

role is to try to intervene with any issues first to assist with<br />

compliance. I also see my (MFS) role as supporting the<br />

entomology staff to monitor the insect invasions that have the<br />

potential to affect all aspects of forest uses from the forest<br />

products industry to recreational uses, to support the forest<br />

protection folks with respect to protecting Maine’s forests from<br />

fires and to support the management staff in their efforts of logger/<br />

landowner/forester education. It is all connected and we all have<br />

a dog in the fight, as you said, forest products industry/logging<br />

industry is Maine and we all need to fight for it.<br />

What can our industry do to work with you to strengthen<br />

Maine’s forest economy for the benefit of our rural<br />

communities and forest health?<br />

36 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


This biggest thing we could use at MFS is everyone’s help with is<br />

ideas and suggestions, we can’t be everywhere at all times, so if<br />

there are ways for us to help with the industry that we don’t’ know<br />

about, let us know. What are we not addressing? What groups can<br />

we get together that we haven’t thought of? Let’s work together on<br />

this. Another way to help is we are looking at substantial cuts to<br />

Federal funding to private and state forestry initiatives. These<br />

initiatives allow for us to reach out to landowners who hold the<br />

wood supply, and educate and advocate for good forest<br />

management practices, which in turn helps the logging and forest<br />

products industry as well as other uses of the forest. If folks would<br />

reach out to their delegation and inform them of how these cuts<br />

affect them, it would all help. If everyone out there enjoying the<br />

woods for their business, their own woodlot, recreation, anything,<br />

for folks to be vigilant and report sightings of the invasive insects so<br />

that we can react quickly. As with most organizations we have lost<br />

positions and are doing much more with less, so guidance from our<br />

clients (i.e. the public) is imperative.<br />

I want to slip in a reminder to those in the logging business, that<br />

logging jobs are a form of communication, what is your job<br />

communicating to the person driving to the polls to vote on forestry<br />

issues?<br />

What is your top priority for Maine’s forests?<br />

I have a few top priorities in mind, but being new on the job, I’m still<br />

formulating. My top one at this point is to make sure all users of the<br />

forest are represented by us, making sure that the right people are<br />

at the table as we formulate programs and policies. Another is to<br />

ensure that we have the best data and information to be ready for<br />

the insect invasions whether we are talking Emerald Ash Borer or<br />

Spruce Budworm. Another priority is looking into how we collect<br />

data concerning forest resources, are we consistent and on the<br />

right track? Another is to make sure we are budget balanced with<br />

making sure our clientele is served and employees have what they<br />

need to work efficiently and safely.<br />

Would you commit to meeting with our <strong>PLC</strong> board members at<br />

some point this year to hear directly from Maine loggers on the<br />

issues they face and the needs of the industry?<br />

Absolutely, not only do I welcome that, I need that.<br />

Do you have other thoughts you’d like to share with our<br />

members?<br />

It is my hope that anyone with any connection to the forest, whether<br />

that is someone in a town park to the big woods, that they think of<br />

the Maine Forest Service as a branch of government that they trust<br />

and look to for solid answers for their questions or concerns with<br />

regards to all things forest. We have a solid crew here at MFS,<br />

when you look at the range of what makes up the organization, it is<br />

impressive; from Foresters to Rangers, Pilots, Aircraft Mechanics,<br />

Entomologists, Pathologists, Forest Inventory Specialists,<br />

Biometrician, Urban Forester, Stewardship Forester, Water Quality<br />

Specialist, Computer Specialists and support staff.<br />

If you are willing, share one interesting fact about yourself and/<br />

or your family that our members would be unlikely to know.<br />

I was the axe throwing champ for one year on the woodsmen's<br />

team at Orono, now I probably wouldn’t be close!<br />

Water<br />

Crossings<br />

By Tom Gilbert<br />

Water Resources<br />

Specialist<br />

Maine Forest Service<br />

the Maine Forest Service BMP manual for step by step<br />

instruction on installing a crossing that complies with the<br />

minimum 25-year flood event standard.<br />

It is also recommended that crossings span a<br />

stream channel, sized to 1.2 times the bankfull width of the<br />

channel, on any stream channel that contains fish. This is to<br />

ensure that your crossing does not become a barrier to fish<br />

and will not inhibit the flow of water or debris during<br />

extreme storm events. The minimum 25-year flood<br />

standard will be smaller than the recommended 1.2<br />

bankfull standard.<br />

Properly installed water crossings preserve water<br />

quality, protect your investment in the crossing, and reduce<br />

future maintenance costs. Recent findings in the 2016-17<br />

Forestry BMP Use and Effectiveness Report, released by<br />

the Maine Forest Service in spring of 2018, show a spike in<br />

instances of sedimentation at crossing structures during<br />

installation and closeout activities. Below are a few tips to<br />

ensure protection of your crossing as well as water quality.<br />

Keep in mind that most permanent crossings<br />

should be designed for at least a 25-year flood event. This<br />

is the minimum standard in any organized town. Reference<br />

BMPs for all stream crossings<br />

1. Install water diversions on the approaches to<br />

disperse runoff into adequate filter areas, preventing it from<br />

entering the stream channel. Adequate filter area width<br />

varies depending on percent slope, but in no case should it<br />

be less than 25 feet.<br />

2. Maintain a bed of slash over exposed soils on<br />

approaches within the filter area, ensuring that it remains<br />

effective throughout the harvest and adding additional<br />

Water Continued on Page 38<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong> 37


Water Continued from Page 37<br />

material when needed.<br />

3. Minimize work during wet weather or when the<br />

soil is saturated.<br />

Temporary crossings<br />

1. Install any temporary, portable bridges at an<br />

adequate height above water level (about 3 ft.), allowing<br />

for high flows.<br />

2. For temporary bridges, use sill logs to protect<br />

stream banks and to create a stable bearing surface for the<br />

bridge to rest on.<br />

3. During closeout, make sure to lift the crossing<br />

before attempting to relocate, being carful not to allow<br />

loose soil to fall into the stream.<br />

<strong>PLC</strong> News Briefs...<br />

Permanent crossings<br />

1. If possible, build crossings when streams are<br />

dry or at low water.<br />

2. If excavation is necessary during periods of<br />

regular or high flow, temporarily divert the water using<br />

coffer dams and pumps while installing the crossings.<br />

3. Design bridges using closed decking to<br />

minimize the amount of material that falls through the<br />

deck and into the stream.<br />

4. Armor side slopes on both sides of the crossing<br />

using rock that is angular in shape, preferably no bigger<br />

than a basketball. There should be no exposed soil along<br />

the side slope of the road-stream<br />

crossing.<br />

Thank you to Milton CAT for hosting the <strong>PLC</strong><br />

Board in May for a meeting with Chris Milton and<br />

Pat Weiler to talk about Weiler’s acquisition of CAT<br />

Forestry Equipment. Thanks as well to Milton CAT<br />

for your partnership on the MLOP program and we<br />

are excited to have both Milton CAT and Weiler<br />

supporting Maine’s professional loggers.<br />

In May the <strong>PLC</strong> released a new video describing the impact<br />

and importance of the logging industry on the Maine<br />

economy and the <strong>PLC</strong>’s work to strengthen and sustain it.<br />

The video, “Maine’s Professional Loggers: The Root of<br />

Maine’s Forest Economy” has gotten a great reception and<br />

we encourage you to view and share it. It is available on<br />

YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?<br />

v=MBHwgVY1FG8&feature=youtu.be<br />

The <strong>PLC</strong> was at May 10ths 7th Grade Outdoor Careers Fair<br />

in Hinckley organized by Maine's Department of Agriculture,<br />

Conservation, and Forestry and Jobs for Maine Graduates.<br />

Talked to many future loggers at this event!<br />

38 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


Great to see so many of our<br />

members, supporters, and friends<br />

at the Northeastern Forest<br />

Products Equipment Expo in<br />

Bangor May 17-18! Thanks for<br />

stopping by our booth!<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong> 39


As [She] Sees It: May <strong>2019</strong><br />

“The Future of Logging Depends on our Youth”<br />

By Chrissy Kimball, Kimball & Sons Logging<br />

Editor's Note: This month's As We See It column was<br />

written by Chrissy Kimball of Kimball & Sons Logging of<br />

Poland, Maine. In light of the recent introduction of the<br />

Future Logging Career Act and the release of the report<br />

commissioned by <strong>PLC</strong> of Maine, we thought Chrissy's original<br />

blog post offers an inspiring message on the future of logging.<br />

Kimball & Sons Logging has graciously given us permission<br />

to share this column.<br />

Hey there! It’s Chrissy, the supporting actress of<br />

Kimball & Sons Logging and Trucking. I tend to be busy<br />

raising the “sons” part of the operation but I wanted to take<br />

the opportunity to write a little bit about the articles I have<br />

been reading lately regarding the recent study conducted by<br />

the <strong>PLC</strong> of Maine siting low pay as a barrier to our industry<br />

and also the bill that Angus King and Jared Golden are<br />

introducing, Future Loggers Career Act.<br />

I have actually never been more excited and<br />

optimistic about the forest products industry in our state.<br />

Perhaps that’s because I am a glass half full kind of person.<br />

There is amazing technology on the brink of revolutionizing<br />

how forest products can be used. Researchers in our very own<br />

state are working on technology to covert biomass into jet<br />

fuel. There is nanocellulose from wood products which are<br />

fibers that can be used in textiles and medical products, pulp<br />

and paper mills are moving away from print media and into<br />

packaging products, and wood products can even give us<br />

cellulosic sugars which can be used as a preservative in foods!<br />

With all of this technology coming down the pipes,<br />

we can’t forget that if there are no loggers and no truckers,<br />

these products can never go into production. As evidenced by<br />

the study conducted by the <strong>PLC</strong> of Maine, it is no secret that<br />

the logging contractors in Maine struggle to keep up with<br />

paying competitive wages. Trust me, it is not because we are<br />

keeping it all for ourselves. In order to keep great employees,<br />

we might even pay them MORE than we make as the owners.<br />

I’m just being honest here.<br />

However, I do know that there is a ton of work being<br />

done on our behalf and I see a future for our industry that<br />

includes competitive wages and benefits for our employees<br />

coupled with the enjoyment that comes from working with a<br />

family owned business. While we may not currently be the<br />

highest paying gig in the area, there are other amazing benefits<br />

to working in the woods for a small company. The<br />

camaraderie in the woods is superior to any other type of<br />

work, the views from your “office” are always amazing, and<br />

there is nothing more invigorating than a beautiful sunrise<br />

from the woods! We are the kind of employer that cares if<br />

your children are sick, we would attend your wedding, and we<br />

truly care if you are happy in your job because we will do<br />

anything within our power to keep you. In a small business, a<br />

good employee is certainly not “replaceable”.<br />

We frequently brainstorm about the best ways to<br />

grow our company and are often paralyzed by the fear of<br />

being unable to find quality help. The problem being, margins<br />

are tight, and it’s expensive to train someone from the ground<br />

up but I believe it is an investment we must make. Everybody<br />

wants someone who already knows how to do the job. Well,<br />

it’s not going to happen. I know there are young people who<br />

would be interested in this profession if we could give them a<br />

chance and actually teach them. Since the beginning of time<br />

we have all heard “kids these days…….” followed by some<br />

rude comment about how they don’t do this and they don’t do<br />

that. I get it. Technology, education, and policy have changed<br />

everything, but I still hold the optimism that our youth are<br />

teachable if given the appropriate mentor. The future of the<br />

forest products industry is in our youth and if we continue to<br />

sweep them under the rug as some useless gamers sitting in<br />

their parent’s basements then they will BE exactly what we<br />

expect them to be. When I did my mindless scroll through<br />

Facebook this morning, I came across something not so<br />

useless that made me excited enough to sit down and write<br />

this.<br />

Angus King and Jared Golden are introducing a bill<br />

to allow 16 and 17 year olds to be allowed to work in the<br />

heavy equipment in the woods. Forget virtual reality, that IS<br />

reality! Part of the problem as I see it, is that we shelter our<br />

youth from all danger. It is much safer to play a game cutting<br />

down trees that it is to actually go learn how to cut the tree!<br />

We have 2 young boys and a third on the way. They are<br />

naturally obsessed with logging. Randy tells me stories of<br />

when he was very young and his dad would have to bring him<br />

and his brothers to the woods and they would ride in the<br />

skidder all day with him, play in the woods, and occupy their<br />

own time… often times unsupervised. Can you imagine<br />

“Nowadays”? What kind of parents would we be if we put our<br />

children in that kind of harm’s way?! They must be better off<br />

at daycare where they color pictures and make arts and crafts.<br />

I think most of us want our children to grow up and be able to<br />

actually DO something. Not fear failure. Not fear risk, be it<br />

physical, emotional, financial, or otherwise. We are fortunate<br />

to be able to teach our kids to respect the equipment and its<br />

dangers. They understand how to stay safe in the woods. My<br />

6 year old recently purchased an old hack saw at the local flea<br />

market with his earned $2 so we can do some logging at<br />

home!<br />

My long winded point here, is that not all hope is lost.<br />

I think our society is recognizing that faulty policy and over<br />

protecting our youth is driving them to uber safe careers,<br />

sitting behind a desk and leaves no one behind to do the work.<br />

I am inspired by this introduction of the bill by Angus King<br />

and Jared Golden because I am hopeful it reflects a paradigm<br />

shift in our society to treat children as capable of learning and<br />

maintaining their own safety without the need for constant<br />

protection from danger. It is time we, as adults, mentor our<br />

children again. Let them participate, learn, scrape their knees<br />

a bit and then and only then will we improve our work force<br />

for the future.<br />

Chrissy Kimball is with Kimball & Sons Logging of<br />

Poland, Maine. Kimball & Sons Logging provides Maine<br />

landowners with quality timber harvesting. For more<br />

information, visit https://www.kimballandsons.com/<br />

40 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


While much of the time your State, Regional and<br />

National Logging Organizations are busy working at the local<br />

State and Federal level on policy issues that impact your<br />

businesses, their work does not end there, not by a long shot!<br />

Oftentimes logging associations are also engaged in training,<br />

safety and transportation issues, to name a few. They are also<br />

ensuring that the well-intended thoughts of others outside of<br />

the logging industry who believe that they are working in the<br />

best interests of the logging industry are actually having a<br />

positive impact and not just another cost to the price of doing<br />

business.<br />

In 1994, members of the American Forests and Paper<br />

Association rolled out a program titled the Sustainable<br />

Forestry Initiative. At the time, it appeared to be a great idea<br />

with one exception, they forgot to invite the logging<br />

businesses to the table. That was the impetus that brought<br />

logging contractors together 25 years ago in St. Louis,<br />

Missouri: the need to have a voice of our own representing<br />

the issues that are important to loggers.<br />

Over the past 25 years, loggers have come together in<br />

any states that did not have a trade association either as a<br />

stand-alone organization or under the umbrella of a State<br />

Forestry Association. Working together, loggers have<br />

addressed workman’s comp insurance rates, truck weights on<br />

state and county roads, ad valorem and sales tax exemptions<br />

for logging equipment and supplies, and other on-the-ground<br />

issues away from Washington, DC and State Capitol buildings<br />

As We See It June <strong>2019</strong><br />

“It’s Not All Politics”<br />

By Danny Dructor<br />

that have a real impact on their businesses.<br />

The American Loggers Council recently welcomed<br />

the Ohio Logging Standards Council as the newest voting<br />

member to our Board of Directors. As of this writing, we are<br />

working in Pennsylvania to assist professional timber<br />

harvesters to form an organization that would work in the best<br />

interests of their logging workforce in the state and tackle<br />

those issues that are important to loggers.<br />

We believe that all States with commercial timber<br />

harvesting operations should be organized through<br />

membership in either a state or regional logging association<br />

and that there is truly not only strength in numbers, but also<br />

the wisdom of many of our peers, both past and present, that<br />

can prevent us at all levels from reinventing the wheel when it<br />

comes to looking for ways to accomplish goals. Next stop,<br />

Bangor Maine! We are “Loggers Working for Loggers!”<br />

The American Loggers Council is an 501(c)(6) not<br />

for profit trade association representing professional timber<br />

harvesters throughout the United States. For more<br />

information please contact the American Loggers Council at<br />

409-625-0206, or americanlogger@aol.com, or visit our<br />

website at www.amloggers.com.<br />

We Support Maine Loggers<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong> 41


In today's political environment, getting things done<br />

in Washington D.C. is difficult, if not impossible. Yet the<br />

American Loggers Council is making progress in this divided<br />

116th U.S. Congress. Why? Loggers understand the<br />

importance of building relationships. When it seems every<br />

idea these days is framed in partisan terms, our ability to build<br />

relationships explains why both the Future Logging Careers<br />

Act and the Safe Routes Act have now been introduced with<br />

bipartisan support.<br />

Relationships are key, both in our personal lives and<br />

our professional lives. Loggers are drawn to the ALC because<br />

they see the value of building and maintaining relationships<br />

with other loggers across our nation. Loggers also see the<br />

value of having good relationships with the equipment<br />

manufacturers and others that help make our industry<br />

possible. We take the same approach to Capitol Hill, as<br />

evidenced by another year of record attendance at our <strong>2019</strong><br />

D.C. Fly-in.<br />

The ALC has long-valued our relationship with<br />

Congressman Bruce Westerman of Arkansas, the only forester<br />

in the United States Congress and past recipient of the ALC<br />

President's Award. Bruce is not just another politician seeking<br />

our votes or campaign donations, he is a true friend and<br />

advocate of our industry because he understands what we do<br />

and why we do it. Recently we were pleased to endorse his<br />

introduction of the Resilient Federal Forests Act of <strong>2019</strong>. We<br />

also provided a statement of support that was included in his<br />

office's press materials.<br />

Congressman Westerman has introduced past<br />

versions of the Resilient Federal Forests Act in previous years,<br />

and was instrumental in passing this legislation through the<br />

U.S. House of Representatives multiple times. Though it has<br />

previously stalled in the U.S. Senate, some minor components<br />

of this comprehensive legislation has been adopted through<br />

federal spending measures. Yet there are still areas that are in<br />

need of attention in order to reduce the risk of catastrophic<br />

wildfire and help prevent the loss of lives and property as<br />

witnessed last year in and around Paradise, California and<br />

other Western States.<br />

The Resilient Federal Forest Act continues to build<br />

on the bipartisan support that Congress has agreed to in the<br />

past that would allow expedited environmental reviews on<br />

areas of the forest where there is degradation of wildlife<br />

habitat, wildland urban interface exposure to life threatening<br />

wildfires, and overall improving the health of our nation’s<br />

federal timber lands. The Resilient Federal Forest Act also<br />

proposes an alternative to litigation in the form of arbitration<br />

where litigants bring alternative management options to the<br />

table rather than just offering up “no” as a solution. Our<br />

national forests are one of this country’s greatest assets.<br />

We believe that members of Congress should be<br />

concerned about the overall health of those forests and the<br />

need to restore and improve those forests as quickly as<br />

possible by giving the US Forest Service and other agencies<br />

all of the tools that they need to accomplish that task.<br />

As We See It July <strong>2019</strong><br />

“Relationships Matter”<br />

By Danny Dructor<br />

Congressman Westerman could easily spend his time<br />

focusing on other issues that are important to his district, such<br />

as health care. Yet he continues to introduce comprehensive<br />

forest management reforms because he believes in our ability<br />

to restore these federal lands back to health. This is one<br />

benefit of our relationship with Congressman Westerman, and<br />

we must reciprocate. Even if you don't have a federal forest<br />

within your working circle, please tell your own federal<br />

representatives that you support the Resilient Federal Forests<br />

Act. Because relationships matter.<br />

42 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


Master Logger Field Audits<br />

The American Loggers Council endorsed Master Logger<br />

Certification Program (ALC/MLC) is a true third party<br />

certification for logging contractors. It involves on-the-ground<br />

assessment of a logging contractor’s activities. This assessment is<br />

performed by independent and unbiased verifiers evaluating<br />

whether and how the logger meets the standard in their own<br />

unique way. We all know that the steps to achieve objectives can<br />

vary from one woodlot to another. This is also true for the<br />

loggers themselves-one logger may take a completely different<br />

path to achieve the Master Logger certification standard, but the<br />

important part is that whatever they do is done to a high standard,<br />

which benefits everyone.<br />

The ALC/MLC standard is unique in that it gives each<br />

state the right to adopt its own program, under the “Seven<br />

Areas of Responsibility” that ALC adopted for all member<br />

organizations to follow, that is specific to that particular<br />

state. Each state submits a template to the MLC committee<br />

for approval. This template then becomes the basis for the<br />

program and how it is implemented.<br />

One thing that is a requirement of the ALC/MLC<br />

program is a mandate that there is an independent field audit for<br />

each logging company that becomes Master Logger Certified<br />

both initially and on an ongoing basis. These can come in<br />

different forms and can come from different parties.<br />

In Missouri, Michigan, Wisconsin and the states in the<br />

Northeast, the field verifiers are typically foresters or loggers that<br />

have a deep understanding of logging operations. There is a<br />

checklist that each auditor must review in the field to show<br />

compliance with the “Seven Areas of Responsibility”. They<br />

report on what they observe in the field and how it relates to the<br />

standard. The reports are required to be professionally written, of<br />

high quality and are to be produced in a timely manner. The field<br />

verification report is crucial for the certification board to<br />

understand the logger’s practices.<br />

After the application and interview process is complete,<br />

the Master Logger applicant will receive a call from a field<br />

verifier, who will ask for five harvest sites and their locations,<br />

with one of the harvest sites being active. The field verifier will<br />

schedule a time to meet and begin the audit and three sites will be<br />

chosen at random to visit. The field verifier will communicate<br />

with the logger to go over what to expect and what to have on<br />

hand at the time of inspection.<br />

Warren Suchovsky has been a logger member of verifier<br />

teams in MI, MN and WI since ML certification began in each of<br />

these states. He currently is a member of the WI Certification<br />

Board and still does field audits for new applicants in MI.<br />

“I think that an important distinction between ML<br />

Certification and Logger Education Programs is that logger<br />

certification measures how well the loggers actually apply what<br />

they have been taught,” Warren said. “It sets a higher standard<br />

for quality workmanship than does merely meeting a set number<br />

of hours of training.”<br />

“It is important to recognize that a Master Logger is<br />

responsible for the quality of workmanship of the company's<br />

employees and subcontractors. They also need to challenge<br />

foresters and landowners when they feel an aspect of a harvest<br />

plan will probably have a negative impact on the sustainability of<br />

forest resources,” Warren added.<br />

An opening statement once on the site of the first visit<br />

may be, “Tell me what you did here and how are you meeting the<br />

landowner’s objectives?” This opening statement allows the<br />

applicant to talk about the site prep, the harvest, the goals, the<br />

landowner objectives, and outcomes. This could lead to a<br />

discussion of the harvest plan and how that process was<br />

achieved.<br />

Next Soil and Water protection is looked at. The<br />

verifier will inspect a water crossing, if one exists, and<br />

water bars or other water controlling methods. They will<br />

consider things including: How has soil been protected? Is there<br />

brushing in the trails? Are there swamp mats at the landing?<br />

Flotation tires or tracks? This is an opportunity for the logging<br />

contractor to discuss their methods and how they achieve this<br />

standard.<br />

Other questions a verifier considers include: How are<br />

aesthetics being managed, historical features and biodiversity<br />

maintained? This is opportunity for the contractor to discuss how<br />

they interpret and meet the landowner’s aesthetic objectives. Do<br />

they want the landing seeded? Slash management near roads and<br />

buildings? Have they minimized skid trails to the yard or<br />

contoured the trails with the road? Are there any historical<br />

features such as old homesteads? Rock walls? Cemeteries? If, so<br />

how did they address them? Were there any sensitive areas of<br />

biodiversity? Did the landowner have specific management goals<br />

for wildlife?<br />

Safety of the employees and operational function is<br />

paramount for meeting the high bar set by Master Logger. A<br />

logger should expect to have their safety plan available. This is<br />

not for a simple tick of the box, but a logger must be ready to<br />

answer when the last time was that they used the safety plan and<br />

did it work correctly? Do they have first-aid kits available in each<br />

machine? Are people CPR-1 st Aid trained? Does everyone know<br />

the emergency action plan? These questions are pretty standard<br />

during an audit. The auditor may also ask to look at a machine to<br />

determine things like are the seat belts functioning? ROPS? Does<br />

the operator operate in a safe manner? Is PPE being worn and Hi-<br />

Vis?<br />

All of these questions and fact finding are part of the<br />

auditing of field performance in Master Logger. For many<br />

candidates, they know they are meeting or exceeding the<br />

standard, now they just need an independent verifier to prove it.<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> Winter 2018 <strong>2019</strong> 29 43


Congressional Delegation Updates<br />

Driving the Forest Products<br />

Industry Forward<br />

Maine’s forest products<br />

industry is entering a new era<br />

marked by innovative products,<br />

such as engineered wood building<br />

materials, that combine the<br />

traditional basis of our rural<br />

economy with technological<br />

advances. As Maine continues to<br />

Sen. Susan Collins<br />

make great strides in the forest<br />

products sector, we must ensure that<br />

the industry has the supply chain support it needs to take<br />

full advantage of this growth. This includes addressing the<br />

shortage of truckers needed to transport logs to mills and<br />

finished products to market.<br />

The shortage is severe and growing. Currently,<br />

America’s trucking industry is in need of 51,000<br />

additional drivers. By 2026, just seven years from now,<br />

that shortage could increase to 175,000 drivers. This is<br />

particularly troubling for Maine, where more than 84<br />

percent of communities rely solely on trucks to move<br />

goods and where 95 percent of our manufactured products<br />

move by truck.<br />

This shortage is exacerbated by a federal law that<br />

prohibits drivers under 21 years of age from driving<br />

across state lines. It simply makes no sense that a driver<br />

under 21 can haul freight from Kittery to Fort Kent – 362<br />

miles – but cannot go from Kittery to Portsmouth, New<br />

Hampshire, just three miles away. Most young people<br />

who do not go to college have already chosen careers,<br />

received training, and gotten jobs by the time they turn 21.<br />

To address this shortage, I have cosponsored the<br />

DRIVE Safe Act that would establish an apprenticeship<br />

program for drivers under 21 years of age to operate<br />

commercial motor vehicles in interstate commerce. These<br />

apprentices would be required to complete 400 hours of<br />

training and probationary status, during which time the<br />

apprentice will have to demonstrate a thorough command<br />

of safety procedures, from maneuvering the truck on the<br />

roadway to properly securing loads.<br />

The drivers providing the training would have to<br />

be experienced with good driving records. The trucks used<br />

in this training would be required to include advanced<br />

safety features such as automatic active breaking systems,<br />

event recorders, and speed limiters.<br />

Reflecting the high training requirements for<br />

apprentices, the DRIVE in DRIVE Safe Act stands for<br />

Developing Responsible Individuals for a Vibrant<br />

Economy. This legislation will help attract more young<br />

people to a field that provides steady work at good<br />

wages. It will expand economic opportunity and keep<br />

Maine’s forest products industry moving toward a bright<br />

future.<br />

Research into 3D Printing Opens New Doors for<br />

Forest Products Industry<br />

Maine is a state made of resourceful people who<br />

look at challenges and see new possibilities; where others<br />

may see low-value byproducts, we see the potential to<br />

create something new. That creative drive is what has<br />

sustained our forest economy for generations, driving us<br />

to innovate as the world becomes increasingly digital and<br />

find new ways to maximize rural Maine’s abundant<br />

natural resources. In short – we need to use every part<br />

from the pig but the squeal.<br />

Fortunately, there is important and meaningful<br />

progress being made to diversify market opportunities for<br />

this important sector. Following work by the Economic<br />

Development Assessment Team requested by myself and<br />

Senator Collins, and the ensuing industry-led efforts of the<br />

Forest Opportunity Roadmap (FOR)/Maine, there have<br />

been many important advancements, from biomass<br />

technology to mass timber, that are helping to revitalize<br />

and strengthen this industry that is so important to<br />

communities across our state. Among these exciting<br />

developments: in May, the University of Maine and the<br />

Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory<br />

announced a $20 million partnership to advance efforts to<br />

3D print large structures with biobased,<br />

forest products.<br />

This partnership between<br />

two of the nation’s premier<br />

research institutions is a major<br />

new opportunity not only for<br />

Maine’s wood market, but also for<br />

the future of manufacturing in<br />

Maine and the country. The<br />

research done by UMaine and<br />

ORNL – in tandem with the forest<br />

products industry – will create Sen. Angus King<br />

endless opportunities to produce<br />

new bio-based materials that can be used to 3D print<br />

products ranging from boat hull molds to shelters, and<br />

much more. Progress in this area will also set up future<br />

economic growth, including the possibility of 3D printing<br />

larger, more ambitious structures like large beams for<br />

large buildings and girders for bridges, which would<br />

enable Maine to be a global center of new manufacturing<br />

industries. This is who we are: innovative, forwardlooking,<br />

and ready to do the hard work to build something<br />

great. I can’t wait to see the work that’s done, and the<br />

ways it will allow our forest products industry to grow for<br />

future generations.<br />

44 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


As we fight the climate<br />

crisis in Congress, lawmakers<br />

must recognize opportunities for<br />

foresters to mitigate climate<br />

change on the ground. On<br />

average, the net growth in US<br />

forests offsets between 10 and 12<br />

percent of the nation’s carbon<br />

dioxide emissions. Promoting<br />

sustainable forestry is going to be<br />

a critical aspect of the national<br />

Rep. Chellie Pingree debate.<br />

As a Mainer, I know just<br />

how impactful the forestry industry is on our state’s<br />

economy. Recent estimates show that the impact of the<br />

forestry industry is valued at around $3.1 billion dollars<br />

and around one out of every 20 jobs in Maine is in the<br />

forest products sector. And as a lawmaker, I know that<br />

rural economies, foresters, and loggers are key partners in<br />

the fight against climate change—and that lawmakers<br />

must consider the unique impact of these industries as we<br />

move towards solutions.<br />

Foresters, loggers, and rural communities feel the<br />

Growing up working on<br />

my parents small business in<br />

Leeds, I have an appreciation for<br />

small, family-run businesses that<br />

operate all across Maine and the<br />

challenges they face. Small<br />

businesses make up over 90<br />

percent of all Maine’s businesses<br />

and hire the majority of our<br />

workers, so it’s crucial that we<br />

make sure they have the resources<br />

they need to succeed.<br />

The importance of small<br />

Rep. Jared Golden businesses to Maine is why I<br />

serve on the House Small<br />

Business Committee. Last month, each member of the<br />

committee had the opportunity to invite a small business<br />

owner down to Washington to testify before the committee<br />

and tell Congress what they needed us to focus on.<br />

For me, inviting members of the forest products<br />

industry to testify was an obvious choice. It’s a cornerstone<br />

of our state’s economy, and I know that most logging<br />

operations in Maine are family-run small businesses. So<br />

about a month ago, I had the privilege of hosting Pleasant<br />

River Lumber co-owners, Chris and Jason Bruchu, in<br />

Washington D.C. Pleasant River Lumber is a fourth<br />

generation logging company based in Piscataquis County.<br />

The small business employs around 300 Mainers — big by<br />

Maine’s standards, but still a small business. One of my<br />

favorite details about Pleasant River’s business is that they<br />

stamp every piece of their lumber with a “Made in<br />

America” seal.<br />

effects of climate change on their business every day.<br />

Politicians can’t ignore the impact of climate change and<br />

expect rural economies to thrive in future generations.<br />

Instead, we must give foresters, loggers, and rural<br />

communities the tools and resources they need to help<br />

mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and preserve their<br />

industries in the future.<br />

Forest owners and farmers are the original green<br />

jobs, helping to mitigate climate change by improving the<br />

health of our natural resources. By being effective<br />

stewards, they increase the amount of carbon stored in<br />

trees, soil, forests, and even everyday household<br />

products.<br />

We’ve made great strides thus far—like the <strong>2019</strong><br />

Farm Bill’s supports for low-emission energy practices in<br />

forestry—but I know lawmakers can do better to lean on<br />

the experts who know our natural resources best.<br />

As always, please reach out to my office at any<br />

time to make your voice heard with issues that you would<br />

like to see us address in Congress. I am eager to hear<br />

from you and hopefully see you out and about in<br />

Maine.<br />

During the Small Business Committee hearing,<br />

Jason Brochu emphasized America’s need to engage in<br />

trade practices that protect American workers and products,<br />

such as the administration’s duties on softwood lumber.<br />

Jason and I also talked about the importance of expanding<br />

reliable broadband services throughout rural Maine and<br />

about the need to prepare young people to enter the logging<br />

workforce.<br />

With input from the Brochus and other Maine<br />

logging businesses, here are some of the things I’m<br />

working on to help loggers address these issues:<br />

• I’m supporting the administration’s softwood lumber<br />

tariffs. Canada should not be allowed to subsidize their<br />

timber industry without retribution from our government.<br />

• I’m drafting legislation called the Small Business Last<br />

Mile Act. It will provide grants to small businesses to<br />

connect them with broadband service in rural areas.<br />

I’m working to pass the DRIVE-Safe Act, which<br />

would help address the shortage of truck drivers in the<br />

logging industry. The legislation would provide a rigorous<br />

apprenticeship program to 18-21 year olds and allow them<br />

to drive trucks across state lines upon certification and<br />

completion of the program.<br />

It’s important for Congress to hear directly from<br />

loggers to help guide our work. That’s why every chance I<br />

have, I come back to Maine to talk to folks throughout the<br />

Second District and visit their small businesses to learn<br />

first-hand how I can best represent them.<br />

Thank you for the opportunity to serve you in<br />

Congress. I hope you will continue to keep me informed on<br />

the issues that matter to you.<br />

The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ <strong>Summer</strong> <strong>2019</strong> 45


34 Professional Logging Contractors of Maine Loggers Serving Loggers Since 1995


The Logger’s <strong>Voice</strong> ▪ Winter 2018 31


Professional Logging<br />

Contractors of Maine<br />

110 Sewall St.<br />

P.O. Box 1036<br />

Augusta, ME 04332

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