GPS September 2019



German Postal


September 2019

Volume 70 No. 9

Whole No. 772

Postal Services in

the Third Reich

Walter Kurth - Page 389







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Postal Specialist

German Postal Specialist

Volume LXX, No. 9 Whole Number 772 September 2019


Postal Services in the Third Reich

by Walter Kurth............................................389

Danzig - City on the Vistula, Conclusion

by Larry Wirth ............................................397

Edgar Mohrmann & Co. 90 th Year

Auction #211, 13 Aug. 2019

by Lawrence R. Mead..................................401

Addenda to “Israel and Sara Letters” (June 2019

German Postal Specialist)

by Walter Kurth............................................403

Office of Military Government (US) for Germany,

Field Investigation of Certain Censorship

Operations of German Civil Communications,

6 March 1946

Introduction by Rudi Anders........................ 410

1940-1941 Bisects of Guernsey & Jersey

During German Occupation

by Jerry H. Miller ....................................... 415

Earliest Machine Postmarking in

German at Hamburg (1866-1867)

by Jerry H. Miller .......................................420


New Issues...................................................426

GPS Study Groups.......................................429

GPS Chapters...............................................430

Adlets........................................................... 431


President’s Message.....................................388

Germany Philatelic Society

American Philatelic Society Affiliate No. 48

Opinions of the authors expressed herein are not necessarily those of the Germany

Philatelic Society.

Copyright 2017, Germany Philatelic Society. The German Postal Specialist

(ISSN: 0016-8823) is published 12 times per year by the Germany Philatelic

Society. Periodical postage paid at Chesterfield MO 63006-6547 and additional

mailing offices.

Postmaster: Send address changes to Germany Philatelic Society, 627 Goodrich


Philatelic Society

Dedicated to the documentation,

preservation, advancement and promotion

of the stamps and postal history of

Germany and its related areas through

education, study, research and services.

Rudi Anders, President

3230 E. 24th Street.

Minneapolis, MN 55406

Don Unverrich, Vice-President

PO Box 10285,

Ogden UT 84409

Marcus Meyerotto


PO Box 40

St. Charles, MO 63302-0040

Peter Weisensel, Editor of the

German Postal Specialist

627 Goodrich Ave., St. Paul, MN


Peter Weisensel & Rudi Anders

Advertising Managers

Lena and Don Unverrich

GPS Research Librarians

P.O. Box 10285

Ogden, UT 84409


Ph. 801-309-0466

Harold E. Peter

Director International Relations

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September Ave., St. Paul, MN 2019 55105-3522. Subscription rate $40 annually. Single copies $3.

Tucson, AZ 85739 Page 387

Page 388

President’s Message

Rudi Anders

Although I just came back from a road trip to Seattle,

which included visiting a lot of national parks and driving

over 4000 miles, I’m exhausted. I took my laptop,

but I could not connect in the parks and did not have much of a desire to do

so. So I’m just back to this supposedly ‘real’ world of dealing with house

chores, my church stewardship campaign, the Northern Philatelic Library,

and the various small and large issues of the GPS. Frankly, I’d rather be

studying newly acquired covers, researching for another article, talking

with other collectors at various club meetings.

Beyond this, I look forward to reading the journals and other publications of

the various philatelic organizations and study groups. Frequently these motivate

me to dig through my binders and boxes to see if I have a cover or stamp

being discussed. This is fun, for sure, but more important, I benefit from new

discoveries or insights offered by the articles. At our Wednesday GPS Chapter

lunches we usually bring items to get further information and frequently

someone mentions a source of information which might be helpful.

What’s this have to do with you? Well, I hope you too have had such experiences

and that you gather information by such reading. The benefit

of belonging to the GPS is that you receive a lot of information in the

Specialist. For us to provide the information we need to you participate

in the process. As editor, Peter Weisensel, is constantly look for material

to publish. If nothing else, send in a question. Give us suggestions about

articles you’d like to see in the Specialist.

As I look through the publications of other organizations, I find ‘auction

results’ column. I find summaries of articles published in other publications.

I find show-and-tell columns – showing off especially interesting

items: “pearls” or ‘gems”. One of my favorite columns in Rundbriefe of

the Deutsche Notmassnahmen (post WWII ‘emergency measures’ Study

group) is their column of Zeitdokumente – they feature sign-of-the-times

sorts of documents. Obviously we always look for ‘regular’ articles, but

consider sending us some shorter pieces which you’d like to share with

other collectors. We can all enjoy learning something new.

Final note – Your membership matters - if you’ve not yet renewed you

membership, please do so today! Find the dues envelop in the July issue

of the Specialist and see page 332 for details.

German Postal Specialist

Postal Services in the Third Reich

Walter Kurth

Packet Cards

1. Small Package

“B” =Beutel

This means that the package was so

small in size that it might have been lost

or damaged among the larger packages

weighing several kilos. This one weighed

½ kilo. Therefore, the smaller packages

received a special label corresponding to

the label on the packet card, and were put

in a smaller bag or pouch. The smaller

part of the label was stuck on the packet

card, and the larger part (about twice the

size of the piece on the packet card) was stuck on the package itself.

The weight of this parcel was only ½ kg., but aparently too large for letter

transport. It comes from a dental laboratory, and might have contained

some teeth sent back from repair to a dentist.

September 2019 Page 389

2. Pictures – Permission to Export

Strassburg (Els) to Luxemburg. Packages containing photos to, or between,

areas under German control were subject to examination by an

agency regulating commerce.

Handstamp of the agency charged with regulating


“Permission to export”

September 2019 Page 390

3. Returned package

Package card (behind) and the form explaining the grounds for returning

the package (front)

Reverse side of the return form. The package was returned from Minsk.

September 2019 Page 391

4. Packet Card Dienststelle L 55 282 (Organization Todt)

Organization Todt was a civil and military engineering organization in

Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945, named for its founder, Fritz Todt, an

engineer and leading Nazi. The organization was responsible for a huge

range of engineering projects both in Nazi Germany and in occupied territories

from France to the Soviet Union during World War II. This package

was sent from Hamburg, the Organization Todt hdq., to Drutte I, a subcamp

for the Neuengame concentration camp in the Ostrode area.

Back side of the parcel card

Page 392

German Postal Specialist

Prisoner of War Mail

Civilian mail to German P.O.W.s held by the Allies passed through the

Berlin censors’ office and was routed, via the Red Cross, through neutral

Switzerland and Portugal. Prisoner of War mail passed free between Germany

and the Allied countries. Airmail service for P.O.W. mail began on 3

July 1942 at rates previously set for international airmail service.

Brandenburg (Havel), Germany to a German prisoner at the P.O.W. camp

L’Axe Geryville, Algeria. Sent 1 December, 1944

Airmail rates as of 3 July 1942 (per 5 grams) -

0.10 Rpf Europe and French North Africa

0.25 Rpf. Africa

0.40 Rpf. North America, India, Australia, etc.

Foreign Post Card Rate. Grenzverkehr tariff (Border rate)

Mail sent to towns within 30 kilometers of the German border could be

sent at the domestic rate, for post cards – 6 Rpf.

September 2019 Page 393

Konstanz, Germany to Kreuzlingen, Switzerland, 29 September 1944

Map route between

Konstanz and


Resettlement Camps

Operation Resettlement Luxembourg. In the early hours of May 10, 1940

German troops occupied the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. In August of

that year Luxembourg was placed under German civil administration as

part of Gau Moselland. When Gauleiter Gustav Simon introduced general

conscription of Luxembourgers on August 20, 1942, the first general

strike of World War II began. Repressive measures taken by the German

occupiers were completely ruthless. Those condemned to death by special

courts were executed immediately in the sandpits of the special SS Camp


A large number of conscripts, however, evaded service by flight, and, as

a punishment, there followed a program of resettlement of their relatives.

Page 394

German Postal Specialist

The families selected for resettlement were chosen by four district Gauleiters

and fell mainly into 2 categories: 1. Families who were judged to be

anti-German, and 2. Families whose called-up members had disappeared.

The first resettlement phase began on September 17, 1942 and the last on

August 31, 1944. Altogether about 4,000 people were involved. Their possessions

were confiscated, coming under the “Trusteeship” of Germany.

Their houses and apartments were closed and sealed with a label attached

to each door announcing that the family concerned had been resettled in

Greater Germany.

Schloss Wallisfurth Resettlement Lager #94, Silesia to Wartha Resettlement

Lager #90, Wartha, Silesia

You’re interested in German

Philately - maybe a friend is too.

Why not ask your friend to join you

and become a member of the GPS?

Page 395

German Postal Specialist

Table of the known camps and dates of their existence


the GPS


Now’s the

time to

renew your


September 2019 Page 396

Danzig – City on the Vistula, Part 5


Larry Wirth

Polish Offices

First Definitives

100 groszy = 1 zloty


The first stamps of the Polish offices in Danzig were printed at the State

Graphics Institute, Warsaw, by the usual expedient of overprinting 1924

Polish definitives. The overprints come in black on all values, and in

brownish on the 1-3gr and 25-50gr. Stamps from 1-15gr were demonetized

on 1.5.1933, the rest in 1936.

Page 397

German Postal Specialist

Second Definitives

Original Designs


Since the “Danzig Concept” was intended to benefit Poland at the expense

of Germany, it was thought that the Germans would be uncooperative. So,

the Versailles Treaty allowed Poland to set up its own postal service in

Danzig. The inference of “colonialism” suggested by this provision surely

did upset the Germans, and made this fear a self-fulfilling prophecy.

Redrawn Designs, New Denominations

1926 – 30.11.1929

There was scant use for the 30-50gr values of the first series, so they were

retained while the lower values were replaced by overprints on new Polish

stamps. In 1926, the numerals on the underlying Polish issues were redrawn

with white outlines, to distinguish them from the clouds. The 25gr and 1

zloty were added.

Page 398

German Postal Specialist

Third Definitives

Early eagle design

28.5.1929 – 1930

Each time Poland issued new definitive, a few were also made for the offices

in Danzig, or Gdańsk. The 1 zloty overprint was altered so as not to

deface the president’s portrait.

Late eagle design

1.10.1934 – 1935

Relations between Germans and Poland were strained during this period,

and the Poles did nothing to improve matters by their insistence by referring

to the city as “Port Gdańsk,” since it seemed to imply that the place

was theirs. During 1933, the name of the “Graphics Institute” in Warsaw

was changed to “Polish National Printing Office.” All these stamps were

valid until June or September 1936.

Page 399

German Postal Specialist

Fourth Definitives

15.8.1936 – 1937


The earlier 5gr and 15gr are typographed, while the later values are engraved.

The earlier 25gr design measures 28.3 x 21.3 mm, while the later

is 28.5 x 22 mm. Both are typographed.

20 th Anniversary of the Polish Republic


Issued on the 20 th anniversary of the end of World War I, this set was

yet another insult to Germans who had truly won Polish independence in

1917. Polish offices in Danzig closed on September 1, 1939, the first day of

WWII in Europe.

September 2019 Page 400

Edgar Mohrmann & Co. 90 th Year

Auction #211, 13 Aug. 2019

Lawrence R. Mead

Edgar Mohrman’s 90 th year auction (#211) was held on August 13 th of

this year with a large number of German states rarities up for grabs,

this report being just a tiny fraction. Lot 255 (Image 1) was Baden 3 Kr.

(Mi 18U) very much faded but bearing a “Stockach” (town) provisional

cancel with the earliest known date (just 21 copies of Stockach cancel,

including this one, are known). Opening bid: E 30,000 Hammer price:

Unsold . Lot 279 was a Bavaria unused 9 Kr, Mi 5a type III, no gum.

Only a very few known. Opening bid: E 3200, Hammer price: E 4,500.

Next of note was Lot 387 (Image 3): Helgoland 5 Mark proof, Mi 20B,

used. Only three of these are known used according to Lemberger’s

1970 manual. Opening bid: E 25,000, Hammer price: E 24,000. Lot 388

had another Helgoland curiosity, a Mi P7 postcard proof (?) (Image 4).

Unlisted, it is embossed on full card stock; Opening bid E 200, Hammer

price: E 550. Lübeck official reprints are not too uncommon, but Lot 393

had scarce Mi 1-5 reprints in blocks of four (Image 5): Opening bid: E

2,800, Hammer price: E 2,800. Among the many rare stamps and collections

was Lot 407 (Image 6): A strip of three, pen-canceled, Oldenburg

Mi 1 on cover from Brake to Ovelgonne, an absolutely unique combination;

Opening bid was E 35,000, Hammer price: Unsold. Next, another

unique item, Lot 491 (Image 7): Prussia 7cI, unused with plate fault “L

marked through”; Opening bid E 3,500, Hammer price: Unsold. The

last item is a scarce Württemberg Official Reprint in used condition Mi

6bND, Lot 612 (Image 7); Opening bid E 700, Hammer bid: also Unsold.

Image 1 (Lot 255)

“Stockach” trial cancel

Image 2

(Lot 279)

Bavaria 9

Kr, unused,


Page 401

German Postal Specialist

Image 3 (Lot 387)

Helgoland 5 Mark

Image 4 (Lot 388) Ganzache

proof used proof (?) on card

Image 5 (Lot 393) Lubeck official

reprints in blocks of four of

three on cover

Image 6 (Lot 407) Oldenburg

Mi 1 strip of three on


Image 7 (Lot 612) Württemberg

official reprint, used.

September 2019 Page 402

Addenda to “Israel and Sara Letters” (June 2019

German Postal Specialist). Reichsgesetzblatt, January

7, 1938 and August 17, 1938; and Rules [Richtlinien] on

the Management of Given Names, Reichsministerialblatt

of the Reich and Prussian Ministry of the Interior,

August 18, 1938.

January 7, 1938

Walter Kurth

Regulation on the implementation of the law on the change of family

name and given name

§ 1

(1) The lower administrative authority is the public police authority in municipalities

with state police administration, the mayor in other districts,

the district administrator in districts of Prussia, and the corresponding

authority in other countries.

(2) Higher Administrative Authority is:

in Prussia and Bavaria the President of the Government (in Berlin the

Chief of Police),

in Saxony the district captain,

in other districts [Länder], the supreme Land authority,

in the Saarland the Reichskommissar for the Saarland.

§ 2

(1) The higher administrative authority may publish the application for

change or establishment of the surname specifying a period for the submission

of objections in a daily newspaper to be determined by the applicant,

to the extent necessary to prevent the impairment of rights of other


(2) If a surname is changed or established or if the change of a surname is

revoked, the higher administrative authority may announce this order by

engaging it once in a daily newspaper to be determined at the expense of

the person concerned, if appropriate in a particular case.

§ 3

(1) The fee for the change or establishment of a surname amounts to 5 to

2,000 Reichsmarks, the fee for the change of a first name 5 to 500 Reichs-

Page 403

German Postal Specialist

marks. If the application is rejected or withdrawn, 1/10 to 1/2 of this fee

will be charged. The levying of the fee may be waived if it appears reasonable

in the circumstances of the case, in particular if the applicant is


(2) The applicant is obliged to pay the fee, as well as the person in whose

favor the application is made.

§ 4

The provisions of the Entailed Estate Law [Erbhofrecht] on the naming

rights, in particular § 27 of the Reichshof Act of 29 September 1933 (Reich

Law Gazette I p. 685), remain unaffected.

Berlin, January 7, 1938. The Reich Minister of the Interior Frick

August 17, 1938

Second regulation implementing the law on the modification of surnames

and given names

On the basis of §13 of the law on the change of surnames and given names

[Vornamen] from (5 January 1938 Reichsgesetzblatt I, p. 9) the following

is decreed:

§ 1

(1) Jews may be given only names [Vornamen] that are included in those

of the Reich Minister of the Interior that are listed in the guidelines issued

by the Reich Minister of the Interior on the conduct of given names.

§ 2

(1) Insofar as Jews have other names than may be settled according to § 1,

they must additionally adopt another given name [Vorname] from January

1, 1939, namely male persons the name Israel, female persons the name


(2) Anyone who has to accept an additional given name under subsection

(1) shall, within one month of the date from which he must give the additional

given name [Vorname], notify the civil servant attesting to his

birth and marriage, and to report in writing to the local police authority

responsible for his place of residence or habitual residence.

(3) If the birth or marriage of the person subject to compulsory registration

is certified by a German diplomatic representative or consul or in a German

protected area, the Registrar of Registry Office I in Berlin must be

Page 404

German Postal Specialist

informed. If the addressee is domiciled or habitually resident abroad, the

notification provided for in the first sentence of paragraph 2 shall report

to the competent German Consulate instead of the local police authority.

(4) In the case of persons who are unable to work and are limited in their

ability to work, the legal representative obligatorily must be informed.

§ 3

If it is customary in legal and business transactions to indicate the name,

Jews must always also have at least one of their given names [Vornamen].

If they are obliged to accept an additional given name according to § 2,

this name must also be maintained. The rules on the management of a

trading company are not affected by this.

§ 4

(1) Anyone who willfully violates the provision of § 3 shall be punished

with imprisonment for up to six months. If the offense is due to negligence,

the penalty is up to one month in prison.

(2) Anyone who intentionally or negligently fails to comply with the notification

required by § 2 shall be punished by a fine or a jail term of up to

one month.

Berlin, 17 August 1938. The Reich Minister of the Interior In representation

Dr. Stuckart The Reich Minister of Justice Dr. Gürtner

August 18, 1938

Rules [Richtlinien] on the management of given names. Reichsministerialblatt

of the Reich and Prussian Ministry of the Interior. Published by the

Reich Ministry of the Interior 3rd (99th) year 1938 (No. 1 to 53). With a

timeline, subject and person directory, Berlin 1938 Carl Heymanns Verlag

Civil status matters. Given names. August 18, 1938

A. Guidelines on the management [Führung] of given names.

(1) Limitations on the choice of first names only apply in accordance with

the following terms.

(2) Designations that are not given names [Vornamen] by nature may not

be chosen. In particular, offensive or meaningless names, as well as family

names as given names are out of the question. The combination of several

given names to a first name is allowed, as well as the use of the abbreviation

of a first name as a separate first name.

September 2019 Page 405

(3) Children of German citizens should in principle only receive German

given names. It serves the promotion of the idea of ​a sibling, if in the

choice of the given names former names used in the clan are used. In the

process, those given names, which are peculiar to a particular German

part of the country and from which the clan originates (e.g. Dierk, Meinert,

Uwe, Wiebke), will come into question.

(4) Non-German given names may only be registered for children of German

nationals if a special reason justifies this (e.g. belonging to a non-

German ethnic group, family tradition, family relationships). Among

the non-German given names, the related given names of foreign origin

used for centuries in Germany, which are no longer regarded in popular

consciousness as alien names, but are completely Germanized (e.g. Hans,

Joachim, Peter, Julius, Elisabeth, Maria, Sofie , Charlotte), do not apply.

By contrast, non-German first names are also those Nordic first names

that are unfamiliar and unusual in Germany (e.g. Björn, Sven, Ragnhild).


(5) Jews who are German nationals or stateless persons may only be given

the names provided in the annex; other German citizens may not be given

these names. Insofar as Jews have other names than listed in the attachment,

they must, as of 1 January 1939, additionally have a further given

name, namely male persons the given name Israel, female persons the given

name Sara; the additional given name must always be kept in legal and

business transactions, provided that it is customary there to specify the

name (see §§ 1, 2 and 3 of the 2nd Ordinance on the Implementation of the

Law on the Change of Surname and Given Names v. 17. 8. 1938) (RGBl.,

I, p. 1044). Minor deviations in the spelling of a Jewish given name do not

invalidate the obligation to accept the additional name.

(6) Foreign nationals are free in the choice of given names; however, offensive

and meaningless names may not be chosen.

(7) The Registrar may request the presentation of the marriage certificate

of the parents and, if necessary, other documents when registering the

birth of a child, if certain facts raise doubts about the alleged descent.

B. Change of given name.

(8) Requests for a change of a given name are made in accordance with the

provisions of RdErl. 8, 1938 (RMBliV, p. 69), to deal with applications for

changes to a surname unless otherwise specified below.

(9) The lower registration authority is responsible for deciding on a request

for a change of a given name. If an administrative complaint is filed

against your decision, the higher registration authority will decide on this.

Page 406

German Postal Specialist

If further appeal is made against the decision of the higher authority, the

higher authority reserves the right to make a decision. The higher authority

will confine itself to examining whether the rules given for the procedure

are respected. [1347]

(10) Also, requests for change of a given name may only be met if an important

reason justifies it. It then justifies the applications in which adoptive

parents request adoption of their adopted child’s given name after

adoption in order to more closely associate the child with their own clan

or to resolve their connection with the past.

(11) If applicants that are non-Jewish bearers of a given name listed in

the appendix also request a change of name, if necessary, they may also

add a German given name. Applications from Jews for changes to names

not listed in the annex to those listed therein must also be complied with,

provided they are submitted before 1 October 1938. It should be noted that

the deletion of a given name means a change of name.

12) After submitting the instrument of approval, the lower authority of the

change of the name must notify the same bodies which, according to the

RdErl. 8. 1. 1938 (RMB.V., page 69) are to be informed of the change of a

surname. [Notice of the change] goes to the Ortspol.-authority according

to § 2 Abs. 2 of the 2nd VO. for the execution of Ges. on the change of

surnames and forenames v. 17. 8. 1938 (RGBl.I., p. 1044), the admittance

of a Jew that he bears the additional given name of Israel or Sara as of 1.

1. 1939, has to inform an office of the State Police. If the Jew is subject to

a fine, then the Criminal Police Office and the fine list registry must also

be notified.

(13) The administrative fee for changing a given name is 5 RM to 500

RM. In the cases of paragraph (10) it is not collected. For the rest, paragraph

21 of the RdErl. 8. 1. 1938 (RMBV 69).

C. Revocation of given name changes

(14) For the revocation of given name changes the RdErl. applies to the

revocation of name changes v. 23. 3. 1938 (RMBliV., P. 545), with the

proviso that in the RdErl. 8. 1. 1938 (RMBliV.P. 69) designated lower authority

opratives are responsible for the revocation.

(15) A change of a given name is regularly revoked only if it has been

requested by a Jew to disguise his Jewish descent; in particular, if a given

name given in the appendix has been replaced by a different first name.


(16) The registrars are also informed by the Registry Office Journal of

this RdErl. To the provincial governments (except Austria), the authorities

September 2019 Page 407

of the general and internal administration, the municipalities and associations

of municipalities. Message to the Reich Minister of Justice, the

deputy of the leader, the Reichsstatthalter (Austrian state government) in

Vienna by imprint - RMBliV. P. 1345. [1348]

Appendix. List of Jewish given names.

a) Male given names. Abel, Abieser, Abimelech, Abner, Absalom, Ahab,

Ahaziah, Ahazver, Akiba, Amon, Anzhel, Aron, Asahel, Asariah, Asher,

Asriel, Assur, Athaliah, Aweddor, Awrum; Bachja, Barak, Baruch, Benaiah,

Berek, Berl, Boaz, Bud; Chaggai, Chai, Chajin, Chamor, Hananja,

Hanoch, Chaskel, Chawa, Chiel; Dan, Denny; Efim, Ephraim, Ehud,

Icy, Eli, Elias, Elihu, Eliser, Eliakim, Elkan, Enoch, Esau, Ezra, Ezekiel;

Faleg, Feibel, Feirel, Feitel, Feiwel, Feleg; Gad, Gdaleo, Gedaliah, Gerson,

Gideon; Habakkuk, Hagai, Hemor, Enoch, Herod, Ezekiel, Hillel,

Job, Hosea; Isaac, Isai, Isachar, Isboseth, Isidore, Ishmael, Israel, Itzig;

Jachiel, Jasse, Jacob, Yakusiel, Jecheskel, Yehiel, Jehu, Judah, Jehusiel,

Jeremiah, Jeroboam, Isaiah, Jethro, Yistach, Jizack, Joab, Yohanan, Joel,

Jomteb, Jonah, Jonathan, Josiah, Judah; Kainan, Caiaphas, Caleb, Korach;

Laban, Lazarus, Leew, Leiser, Levi, Lewek, Lot, Lupu; Machol, Maim,

Malchisua, Malachi, Manasseh, Mardochai, Mechel, Menachem, Moab,

Mochain, Mordeshai, Moses, Moses; Nachschon, Nachum, Naftali, Nathan,

Naum, Nazary, Nehab, Nehemiah, Nissim, Noa, Nochem; Obadiah,

Orew, Oscher, Osias; Peisach, Pinchas, Pinkus; Rachmiel, Ruben; Sabbatai,

Sacher, Sallum, Sally, Salo, Salomon, Salush, Samaya, Sami, Samuel,

Sandel, Saudik, Saul, Shalom, Shaul, Shinul, Schmul, Schneur, Shoahana,

Scholem, Zebulun, Semi, Sered, Sichem, Sirach, Samson; Teit, Tewele;

Uri, Uria, Uriel; Zadek, Zedekia, Zephania, Zeruja, Zewi.

b) Female given names. Abigail; Basheva, Beile, Bela, Bescha, Bihri,

Bilha, Breine, Briewe, Brocha; Chana, Chawa, Cheiche, Cheile, Chinke;

Dikes, Dewaara, Driesel; Egele; Fangel, Feigle, File, Fradchen, Fradel,

Frommet; Geilchen, Gelea, Ginendel, Gittel, Gole; Hadasse, Hale, Hannacha,

Hitzel; Jachet, Yachevad, Jedidja, Jente, Jezabel, Judis, Jyske, Jyttel;

Wedges, chalks; Lane, Leie, Libsche, Libe, Liwie; Machle, Mathel,

Milkele, Mindel; Nacha, Nachme; Peirche, Pesschen, Pesse, Pessel, Pirle;

Rachel, Rause, Rebecca, Rechel, Reha, Reichel, Reisel, Reitzge, Reitzsche,

Riwki; Sara, Scharne, Scheindel, Scheine, Sheva, Schlemche,

Semche, Simche, Slowe, Sprinze; Tana, Telze, Tirze, Treibel; Zerel, Zilla,

Zimle, Zine, Zipora, Zirel, Zoroel.

Page 408

German Postal Specialist



vormals SCHWANKE GmbH





September 6 - 7, 2019

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• Interesting covers,

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November 29 - 30, 2019


March 6 - 7, 2020


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Tel. September +49-(0)40-33 2019 71 57 · Fax. +49-(0)40-33 13 30 · ·

Page 409

From the Archives – Allied Censorship of

German Mail, March 1946

by Rudi Anders

A few years ago I spent a few hours at the National Archives in Washington

DC searching for information about the first distribution of AMG

stamps in 1945. As I searched in various boxes, I stumbled across a folder

marked “Censorship”. Because of time constraints I hurriedly paged

through and the following document caught my attention. My intent in

presenting this document is not to explain the details of the Censorship

process – something you can find in Karl-Heinz Riemer’s 1977 book on

post-war Allied censorship of civilian mail – see reference notes below.

What struck me about the document is that it provides an overview of

the extent of censorship in the US Zone and the concerns of the Office of

Military Government for Germany (US) – OMGUS.

The document is a summary of meetings held on March 4 and 5, 1946. It’s

a “Field Investigation of certain censorship operations…” and involved

G-2 (Military intelligence), Censorship Branch, USFET (US Forces European

Theater) and the Communications Branch. The recorder is Eugene

Merrill, Deputy Branch Chief of the Communications Branch.

The date of the memo is March 6, 1946 – i.e. less than a month before the

resumption of German mail exchange with other countries, which was

officially permitted on April 1, 1946. So a significant expansion of censorship

from the intra- and interzonal mail was about to occur.

The document records the information about current operations by the

Censorship Branch:

Section 2 b notes that beween 90,000 and 135,000 letters per day were being

‘reviewed’ – a number to be reduced to 30,000 from 45,000 beginning

on April 1, 1946. That lower number represented less than 1 percent of

internal civilian mail in US Zone.

Section 2c notes that “All impounded mail will be disposed by April 1,

1946.” This was the mail seized in post office and mail boxes at the end of

the war. German authors refer to these letters as “Űberroller” i.e. old mail

sent prior to the occupation. Riemer variously cites sources to indicate effort

in the fall of 1945 to distribute the mail, but there must still have been

some of this around in March 1946.

Section 3 suggests that the Censorship branch was less concerned about

the various postal or communication services available; instead, it empha-

Page 410

German Postal Specialist

sized the importance of censoring telephone and telegraph communications

from and to Germany from other countries.

Section 4 is interesting inasmuch as Censorship Branch requests greater

clarity and uniformity of censorship in the various zones – e.g. British,

French and Soviet.

Section 5 provides an interesting detail about the number of “extracts”

made. This seems to indicate that 3% of the letters contained information

deemed inappropriate per guidelines. Beyond that – the question arose as

to who should receive some of this information

Section 6 gives us a feel for the scope of censorship in March 1946 and the

anticipated growth. Three-thousand-five-hundred persons were employed

“by the US Government” in censorship activities – a number expected to

increase up to 10,000 “within the next several months”.

The remainder of the document deals with a post office site visit and is less

directly related to censorship. Obviously much more information may be

gleaned from the document. I’ve simply tried to highlight some of the information

I found interesting. I hope that this can serve as an example of

the importance of archival sources in researching postal history, but also

gives you a feel for the time and the thinking of officials making decisions

regarding censorship.


The featured document is from the National Archives and Records Administration,

(College Park, MD). It’s part of the “Records of U.S. Occupation

Headquarters, World War II, 1923-1972” (Record Group 260)

311.08 Box 1105.

Karl-Heinz Riemer: Die Postzensur der Alliierten im Besetzten Deutschland

nach dem II. Welkrieg. Poststempelgilde “Rhein-Donau”, Düsseldorf,


Herman Halle: Passing in Review – German Postwar Postal History –

1945-1949. Germany Philatelic Society, Baltimore MD, 1984. Contains

many interesting OMGUS documents, some of which are more useful

than others.

Robert Griffin, “The Merrill-Humes Covers – Part III”, German Postal

Specialist, Vol XXXIV No. 1 (Jan. 1983), continues with second section

of Part III (Feb. 1983) and Part IV (March 1983). Cited here because it

relates to the writer of the document and provides evidence that Merrill

created some early post-war air mail covers from Berlin in 1948.

September 2019 Page 411

Page 412

German Postal Specialist

September 2019 Page 413

Page 414

German Postal Specialist

1940-1941 Bisects of Guernsey & Jersey

During German Occupation

Jerry H. Miller

Historical Background

The “Channel Islands” of Guernsey & Jersey are part of the British Isles,

albeit not part of the United Kingdom, and are located in the English

Channel near the coast of France. They have had their own form of government

for many centuries with major laws subject to the Local Royal

Monarch in Council, administered by the British Home Office.

Between 1794-1969, the islands were part of the British Postal System

using such postage as well as British forms of postal markings. Between

1940-1945, the islands were occupied by German forces when locallyissued

postage was used. Upon liberation in 1945, British Postage was

again introduced, albeit after 1969, their postal service became independent

issuing its own postage.

Map of English Channel & Islands of Guernsey & Jersey.

Page 415

German Postal Specialist

Between 19-21 June 1940, prior to German forces landing by air on 1 July,

5000 school children & teachers, all British military units & equipment

as well as over 50% of the islands’ residents evacuated the islands by boat

to England, leaving about 60,000 residents on the subsequently occupied


Postal Operation

During German occupation, post office operation with exchange of mail

on each island or between islands continued using British postage until

such was exhausted. Foreign-bound mail was only possible using Red

Cross communication forms or using the German Military Field Post Office

paying with German currency (25 Pfg = letters, 15 Pf = postcards).

Already six months after occupation in December 1940, British postage

had dwindled to the point that the following notice appeared on 24 December

1940 in the THE STAR and THE EVENING POST, newspapers of

Guernsey and Jersey respectively.

“The Post Office advises that further supplied of 1d Postage stamps are

not at present available and that, until further notice, prepayment of Penny

Postage (for Printed Papers, etc.) can be effected by USING ONE HALF



Map of Guernsey with indication of “St. Sampson’s” etc.

September 2019 Page 416

First-Day Use (27 December 1940) of a Bisect on a local island postcard,

postmarked at “St. Sampson’s” sent to “Bonet.” One Penny Rate.

Printed Matter ... Newspapers

“Printed Paper” address card for an accompanying newspaper delivered

to an addressee at “St. Peter Port”. One Penny Rate.

Printed Matter … Advertising

A ‘Universal Postmarking Machine’ was located on Guernsey and in use

to postmark mail between 1940-1945, albeit in 1941, the “0” of “1940” was

Page 417

German Postal Specialist

split to form a corrupted “1” in the year date. Subsequent year date typeinserts

were manufactured locally to reflect the year applicable.

‘Universal Machine’ Postmarked unsealed cover with printed-matter enclosure,

sent to “Kragga Kama”. One Penny Rate.

Registered Mail

Registered mail was also possible on the island at a surcharge of 3-Pence

for registration plus the applicable postage rate.

Registered single-weight closed cover, dated 6 February 1941, sent from

Guernsey to St. Helier, Jersey, with arrival date of 9 February 1941 on reverse.

Page 418

German Postal Specialist

5-1/2 Pence Rate: 2-1/2 Pence = closed letters up to two ounces + 3 Pence

= Registration Fee.


Miller, Jerry H., Alois Spengler’s Odyssey, The German Postal Specialist,

Volume 64, No. 1, Whole Number 692, Pages 15-19, January 2013.

Möhle, Heinz/Wienecke, Michael, Kanalinseln Deutsche Besatzung 1940-

1945, Monograph 50 of the Schriftenreihe Neues Handbuch der

Briefmarkenkunde, Düsseldorf, 1979.

Newport, William, Stamps and Postal History of the Channel Islands, William

Heinemann Ltd, London, 1972.

Examples 2, 4, 5, 6, Expertized “Dr. Rommerskirchen”, J. Miller Collection

German Colonies & Post Offices Abroad –

New Postmark Catalogue

1 st English edition 2019

The ‘Study Group of Collectors of German Colony Stamps’ in Germany

has long published a postmark catalog in the German language. For

the first time and introduced this year, the Group has published English

language version.

The English edition has the same information, data and values as the

18th German edition just released. The

catalog provides market guideline values for all postal cancelations

and instructional markings on piece or on entire cover. In addition the

catalog explains the many specialties in this postal history area.

Briefly, this catalogue is the standard reference work for collectors

and dealers having interest in German Colonies & Post Offices Abroad.

The catalog comes in a new, easy to use format. The size is 6.7 x 9.4

inches, with 240 pages in a high-quality durable binding.

As a special service and opportunity for GPS Members, the GPS has

negotiated a special price for a limited number of these catalogs. If

you are interested in ordering a copy via the GPS please advise us of

your subscription or simple interest by June 15, 2019. Obviously, the

more copies

ordered by the GPS, the larger the discount extended to us. The anticipated

price range is from $50-60.

Reserve your copy or copies by contacting: Rudi Anders, 3230 E. 24 th

St., Minneapolis, MN 55406

Page 419

German Postal Specialist

As a result of new research and recently discovered postal history,

GPS Handbook #12 … “From Hinrichsen to Krag: The Experimental

and Early Machine Postmarks of Germany (1866-1906)”, second edition

of 2008, needs partial amending in explanation text relating to

‘Chapter One. Hinrichsen Machine’, first postmarking machine used

in Germany.

The following article amends GPS Handbook/Catalog #12 for current

or new owners of the book. Separately in this issue will also be found

‘Corrigenda & Addenda #5’, which corrects typos, updates early/late

use dates along with minor text clarifications.

Earliest Machine Postmarking in

German at Hamburg (1866-1867)

Jerry Miller


Already in 1865, postal authorities in the City/State of Hamburg recognized

a need for some type of mechanical postmarking machine or stamping

device to improve the speed of applying arrival or transit markings to

in-bound mail, out-bound city foreign-post-office mail as well as in-bound

America-origin mail.

Two inventors, Carl Fischer, a printer by profession, and J.C.W. Maas, an

engraver, both citizens of Hamburg, recognized this opportunity and developed

a postmarking machine, applying initially for a patent in England,

eventually receiving it in August 1867, in Prussia in September 1867, as

well as in the United States of America in March 1868. (1)

Robert Hinrichsen, a signed witness on the original patent application,

was, in fact, to later become the manufacturer of the postmarking machine,

which historically would also bear his family name, Adolph Hinrichsen

& Company, located in Hamburg (2)

Consider submitting an

article to the Specialist.

Your research is

welcome to us all.

September 2019 Page 420

Image 1. Line drawing illustrating Hinrichsen’s Postmarking Machine

from one of the early patents

At the time of first demonstration trials by Messrs. Fischer & Mass in

1866, so-called foreign post offices were operational in the City/State of

Hamburg. Such remained operational until establishment of the Confederation

of the North German States and introduction of a central postal

administration for the confederated states on 1 January 1868.

Early Demonstrations At Hamburg:

The earliest demonstration trials of the hand-operated Hinrichsen Postmarking

Machine were in May 1866, albeit latest research has now shown

that two postmark types were tried (Miller Cat. HI-2A & HI-1), rather

than only one, a double-circle type (Miller Cat. HI-1), earlier than heretofore


September 2019 Page 421

The earliest and first Hinrichsen Postmark, illustrated below, was applied

on a Hamburg Thurn & Taxis Post Office processed cover, dated 6

May 1866, sent to Stadthagen. (3)

Image 2. Miller Postmark Catalog No.2a

Known Usage: 6 May 1866, 28 June 1867, 13 September


Images 3 & 4. Front & Reverse of 6 May 1866 cover

Two Si lve r G ro s che n si ng le -weig ht let t e r w it h a 20 -m i le d i st a nc e r at e.

(Thurn & Taxis Mail was permitted from Hamburg to the German States

Page 422

German Postal Specialist

of Bremen & Oldenburg)

This same transit postmark was also applied at the Hamburg City Post Office

on in-bound America-origin mail.

The below-illustrated cover was sent from New York, dated 14 June (1867),

departing on 15 June aboard the Ship ‘Alemannia’, arriving at Hamburg on

28 June 1867 and, subsequently, on 30 June at Regensburg, Bavaria.

Images 5 & 6. Front & Reverse of 28 June 1867 cover

The second postmark type tested during the period of May 1866 to February

1867, illustrated below:

September 2019 Page 423

Image 7. Miller Catalog #1 (HI-1 = 24mm O.D.)

Known Usage: 17 & 19 May 1866 & 15 February


Images 8 & 9. Latest known demonstration trial use: 15 February 1867

A third postmark used as a transit or arrival postmark commenced being

applied on 5 August 1867.

September 2019 Page 424

Image 10. Miller Cat.

No. 4 (HI- 4) 17x12m m

Usage: 5 August 1867 – 9 March 1871

Images 11 & 12.

Front & reverse of

a Hamburg-origin

business-mail cover,

dated 5 August 1867,

with a Hamburg transit

postmark, arriving

at Copenhagen on 6

August 1867.

Footnote References:

Reg Morris, “Frühe deutsche Stempelmaschinen”, Archiv für deutsche

Postgeschichte, Heft 1/1983, Page 9.

Reg Morris, “Frühe deutsche Stempelmaschinen”, Archiv für deutsche

Postgeschichte, Heft 1/1983, Page 39.

Miller Collection

Miller Collection

Miller Collection

Bring a kid

with you to

your next

GPS meeting.

Page 425

German Postal Specialist

New Issues

The German Reich is a Republic

The Weimar Constitution was Germany’s first

democratic constitution. It constituted the German

Reich as a federal republic with a mixed

presidential and parliamentary system of government,

in which state power emanated from

the people for the first time in German history.

This is recalled by the stamp issued on the occasion

of the 100th anniversary of its entry into

force, which shows Article 1 of the legal text in the national colors black,

red and gold.

Design: Jens Müller, Dusseldorf,

Theme: Article 1 of the Weimar Constitution in the national colors

black, red, gold

Value: 0,95 EUR

Size: Width: 34.89 mm; Height: 34.89 mm

Issue date: 01st August 2019

Small Horseshoe-Nosed Bat

In Thuringia, the brownish small horseshoe-nosed

(Rhinolophus hipposideros) is

the most common, but it is rare in Germany.

The scattered animals favor structurally

rich areas for settlement borders.

Complex, leafless skin formations around

the nose, which give their name to the species, allow them to focus and

align sounds. Unlike other bat species, they can utter sounds through the

nose with the mouth closed and call and listen at the same time. They

search for smaller beetles, moths and flies at dawn and dusk. They are

very agile, but rather slow.

Design: Jens Müller, Düsseldorf,

Theme: Article 1 of the Weimar Republic in the national colors, black,

red and gold.

Value: 0,95 EUR

Size: Width 44,2 mm; Height: 26,2 mm

Date of Issue: 01. August 2019

September 2019 Page 426

Gray Long-Eared Bat

The gray long-eared (Plecotus austriacus)

is a medium-sized bat with a long gray

coat and very large ears. It is widespread

in Germany but does not reach any of the

coasts and is rare almost everywhere. In the vicinity of human dwellings,

this typical village bat fits in particularly well. The gray long-eared bat

almost always chooses its quarters in and around buildings. At nightfall,

the gray long ear goes hunting. On the menu are primarily moths, which

are sensed and captured in flapping flight mostly in the open air. This bat

can deliver its ultrasound calls either through by mouth or through the


Design: Thomas Serres, Hattingen

Theme: Grey Long-Eared Bat

Value: 0,95 + 0,30 EUR Zuschlag

Size: Width: 44,2 mm; Height: 26,2 mm

Date of Issue: 01. August 2019

Pug-Nosed Bat

The medium-sized pug-nosed bat (Barbastella

barbastellus) has conspicuously

long front teeth and a short, stocky muzzle

that gives the species its name. Thanks to

its black, silky fur and wide ears, it can

not be confused with any other European

style. The pug-nosed bat is strongly attached to the forest, where it is not

only looking for food, but also its quarters. To hunt the pug-billed bat

needs a very varied landscape with a large offering of small insects. The

specialization on habitat and prey makes them less flexible than other bat

species, which is why they are difficult to avoid in case of losses, and this

bat is considered endangered throughout Europe.

Design: Thomas Serres, Hattingen

Theme: Pug-Nosed Bat

Value: 1,55 + 0,55 EUR extra charge

Size: Width 44,2 mm; Height: 26,2 mm

Date of Issue: 01. August 2019

Page 427

German Postal Specialist

Guidelines for Articles


Text should be sent as a Word document using the “Normal” style - don’t attempt

to format for the magazine! Bold text, italics and tabs are ok. It may

be sent as an email attachment or submitted via CD.

Do not imbed illustrations in the text document! Show the preferred location

if you wish but leave the actual illustration out - send them separately.

Simple, plain text works best.


Illustrations may be sent to us as either high quality photocopies (hard copies

made using a color laser copier and mailed to us) or as electronic files (scans).

Scans must be sized at a minimum of 100% and scanned at 300 dpi TIF or

JPG files for optimal quality. Internet transmittals can be used. A typical

cover should be at least 1,500 pixels wide.

Originals may be sent. We will make scans and return them immediately by

the same method as they are sent to us. The mails are not risk free – FedEx

may be a better alternative.


Deadline for the receipt of articles, letters, advertising and news is the first of

the month preceding the month of publication. For example, we need everything

for February by January 1.

Your attention to and compliance with these standards will assure the best

quality we can get. Thanks for your contribution!

September 2019 Page 428

Study Groups

Inflation Study Group. The Group studies the philatelic period 1919 –

1923. Bulletins by snail mail quarterly. Contact: Jerry Jensen, 10900 Ewing

Ave. S. Bloomington, MN 55431 or

German Colonies Collectors Group Contact: Oliver Wyrtki, 203 Mill

Crossing, Yorktown, VA 23693. Email germancoloniescollectorsgroup@ Publication: Vorläufer, published semi-annually. Sample copy

$5. Annual dues $18 (US, Canada and Mexico) $26 international (airmail).

Website .

Germany Revenues Study Group Contact: Jim Kellogg, PO Box 5251, Q

Supercentre, Mermaid Waters, QLD 4226, Australia. Email

Free membership. Join online


Stadtpost Study Group Contact: Peter Rogers, 31 Springfield Road, Bury

St. Edmunds, Suffolk 1P33 3AR, UK; email

Color Study Group Computer identification of the various stamp colors

and shades. Various communications via emails. John Cibulskis, jcibulskis@sbcglobal,net

Early Empire Study Group German issues, postal history, during the

period from 1872-1918, Internet website, Jerry Jensen,

DDR Study Group. For all information contact Rudi Anders, or Richard Slater,

Third Reich Study Group Contact Dr. Christopher Kolker ctkolker@

An electronic version

of the GPS is now


Contact our webmaster, Michael Wilhelm, at

Page 429

German Postal Specialist

GPS Chapters

Baltimore (#16): 3rd Sunday at 1:30 PM, Baltimore Philatelic Society Clubhouse, 3440 Ellicott

Center Drive, Suite 103, Ellicott City, MD 21043, Contact: W. David Ripley III, Box 854,

Beltsville, MD 20704 Telephone: 301-785-0210, Email:

Carolinas (#37) Third Saturday at 11am at various locations in the Carolinas. Contact: Dave

Mielke at or telephone 336-264-4069

Central Florida (#23): Second Sunday at Grace Lutheran Church, 745 South Ingraham Ave.,

Lakeland. Contact Priit Rebane, 8192 Wild Oaks Way, Largo, FL 33773, telephone 727-812-


Chicago (#5): Fourth Friday at 7:17 p.m. at the Burgundy Restaurant banquet dining room,

5959 West Irving Park Road, Chicago. Contact David Witkosky, P.O. Box 188, Oak Lawn, IL

60454. Email:

Columbus (#20) Second Monday (plus other events). Chapter 20 meets with the Columbus

Philatelic Club, Wesley Glen Wellness Center, Guild Room, 101 Fenway Rd. Columbus

OH 43214.. Contact: Jason Manchester Box 20711, Columbus, OH 43220 or Jason


Denver (#27): 2nd Wednesday at Rocky Mountain Philatelic Library, 2038 South Pontiac

Way, Denver. Contact: Patrick McNally, 4530 West 34 th Avenue, Denver, CO 80212-1813

Milwaukee (#18): 3rd Sunday at 1 p.m. at German Festival Building, W140 N5761 Lilly Rd.,

Menomonee Falls, WI 53051 Contact George Breu,, 262-781-6135.

New York City (#1): First Thursday (except July and August) at Collectors Club of New York,

22 East 35 th Street, New York City. Contact Ron Morgan,

Omaha (#43): Third Wednesday at 8:15 p.m. at TUVA Enterprises, 721 South 72 nd St.,

Suite 108, Omaha. Contact Bob Hoff, 4706 Redick Ave., Omaha, NE 68152, 402 884-6468

Philadelphia (#2): Third Thursday of every month, social hour 6 pm-7pm, meeting starts at

7pm, at Giuseppe’s Pizza, 1380 W Street Rd., Warminster, PA 18974 (215-674-5550). Auction

will follow the meetings. Contact Rich Nalichowski, P.O. Box 116, Zionhill, PA 18981, or

St. Louis (#26) 3rd Tuesday evenings at Petros Restaurant, 3801 Watson Rd., St. Louis. Contact:

Marcus Meyerotto, 411 Meramec Way, St. Charles, MO 63303, telephone 636-447-0383,

Tucson (#41): Second Saturday (except July and August). Contact Larry Wirth, 14490 S.

Stagecoach Rd, Tucson AZ 85736,

Twin Cities (#10): Second Friday at 7 p.m. at Gideon Pond, 9901 Penn Ave. South, Bloomington.

Contact Rudi Anders, 3230 E. 24th St, Minneapolis, MN 55406, rudi.anders@iphouse.


Virginia (#44): Second Saturday at members’ homes. Contact Oliver Wyrtki, 203 Mill Crossing,

Yorktown, VA 23693,

Please send changes or corrections to the editor: Peter Weisensel, 627 Goodrich Ave., St.

Paul MN 55105 Email:

September 2019 Page 430


For Sale: Michel Germany Specialized

, part 2 , IN ENGLISH . New.

$50.00, including shipping (Amazon

$140.56). Gerard J. de Boer,


For Sale: 1 frame exhibit of AMG

Stationery Michel P-902 5 Pf green.

Plated with 16 cards utilizing very

scarce uncut printing plate of 16 cards

incl. 1 card single franking, catalog

Euro 1,500,$1,950 - H.E Peter, sa

Wanted: Larger revenue collections

or rarities from Germany, Switzerland,

Saar and/or Liechtenstein.

Contact Clay at claytonwallace@ 3/19

Seeking German mail to and from

Hawaii, 1860’s to 1918, to document

German immigrant connections.

Contact Oliver Wyrtki, okeeper@ 11/18

Seeking WWII German Feldpost

from Afrika Korps and U-boats.

Want German POW mail from Nebraska

camps during WWII. Phil

Miller, 2508 Wayne Street, Bellevue,

NE 68005. Email:millerphil@

For Sale Vorläufer 1973-1984, vols.

1-60, 4 volumes bound in green buckram,

$200.00 plus postage. Germania

1978 – 1992, vol. 14 to vol. 28, No.

2 (Vols. 15-26 bound in green buckram),

$300.00 plus postage. Contact:

Jim Holsinger; 8/18

Canadian “Marke Individuell”

stamps and FDC printed by Canada

Post commemorating various German

anniversaries: Martin Luther

Reformation Red Baron Richthofen,

Koehls Transatlantic Flight, Sistine

Madonna, Ludwigsburg Palace, Helgoland,

Bavarian Purity Law, 2014

Soccer World Cup etc. Contact:

K. Peter Lepold, 278 Bornais St.,

Kelowna, BC, Canada, V1X7B6 – sa

Wanted - Polish or German stamp

postmarked ‘Jedwabne’ ca 1938-42.

Carl Barna .

Wanted to Buy German Postal Stationery,

official and private, mint

and used. Peter M. Ross, 711 Terrace

Lake Drive, Brea CA 92821. sa


Austria, Denmark, World.

Old and new stamps, covers, postcards,

collections, accumulations.

Jon Krulla, P.O. Box 88, Downsville,

NY 13755. sa

Atlanta. Full Service Shop. Stamps

Unlimited, 100 Peachtree St., Suite

1460, Atlanta, GA 30303. Phone (404

688-9161) sa

Third Reich specialized stamps,

propaganda cards, fieldpost, occupations,

labels/poster stamps, etc.

Manfred K. Hoffelner (APS). Email: sa

September 2019 Page 431


The famous single franking

of the ⅓ groschen stamp


Alfred H. Caspary (1956)

John R. Boker, Jr. (1987)

14 December 2019

German States – 2 nd ERIVAN Sale

Heinrich Köhler Auction

Wiesbaden, Germany

Order the auction catalogue now!

Germany’s Oldest Stamp Auction House

phone: +49 611 39381

Page 432

German Postal Specialist

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