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1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019

Supreme Court indicates

not diluting stringent

provisions of SC/ST Act

New Delhi : The Supreme

Court on Thursday indicated that

it is not going to dilute the stringent

provisions of Scheduled

Castes and the Scheduled Tribes

(Prevention of Atrocities) Act,

while reserving the order on

pleas challenging validity of the

Amendment Act.

A bench headed by Justice

Arun Mishra reserved order on

pleas challenging the Scheduled

Castes and the Scheduled Tribes

(Prevention of Atrocities)

Amendment Act, 2018, which

was brought to nullify the March

20, 2018 Supreme Court judgement.

Criticising the prevailing

caste system in the country, the

Supreme Court On Tuesday had

recalled its direction in the verdict

passed on March 20, 2018,

which had virtually diluted the

provisions of arrest under the

SC/ST Act. During the hearing on

Thursday, the top court said that

amendment brought by Centre in

SC/ST Act to bar anticipatory

bail plea to accused lodged under

the Act is unnecessary and said

that old provisions would be

restored in light of its recent verdict.

The court also indicated that

it will also clarify that police can

hold preliminary enquiry before

taking any action on complaint

under SC/ST Act in case it is of

prima facie view that complaint

is false. The top court said that it

would like that stringent provisions

of the law are retained.

Mahatma's ashes

stolen, photo defaced

in MP's REWA

Bhopal : As India celebrated

the 150th birth anniversary

of Mahatma Gandhi, unidentified

miscreants stole a portion

of his ashes kept at Bapu

Bhawan in Madhya Pradesh's

Rewa, police said on Thursday.

The miscreants also wrote

"anti-national" on the picture of

the Mahatma that was put up on

a hoarding-like structure inside

the Bhawan. Rewa district

Congress chief Gurmeet Singh

spotted the mischief when he

reached Laxman Bagh, which

houses the Bapu Bhawan, to

pay tributes. He lodged a formal

complaint with the police

and Congress workers staged a

protest seeking identification

and action of the miscreants.

Rewa's Superintendent of

Police Abid Khan confirmed

After tomatoes, soaring dal prices

dampen festive fervour

New Delhi : After tomatoes, dal is next in

line to bear the brunt of spiralling prices during

the festive season. In the last one week,

the price of urad dal has increased by Rs 450-

Rs 850 per quintal in the major markets of the

country. Along with urad, the prices of

moong, masoor and chickpeas (chana) dal

have also gone up. Experts opine that pulses

will be more expensive because the urad crop

has suffered in Madhya Pradesh due to the

incessant rain. At the same time, sowing of

pulses has also been estimated to be less in

this kharif season than last year. Rajni, a resident

of Delhi's Mandawali area, said that

after the spike in vegetable prices, she used to

manage with potatoes and lentils as the prices

were low, but now pulses have also become

expensive. Earlier, chickpeas (chana) was

available at Rs 55-Rs 60 per kg, but now it

has gone up to Rs 65-Rs 70 per kg while

chickpea lentils (chana dal) is at Rs 90 per kg.

Mumbai's Amit Shukla, a pulses market

expert, said that there was a rumour in the

market on Tuesday that the government is

going to impose a stock limit on pulses for

wholesale and retail traders, which led to a

one-day fall in the prices of all pulses. But for

the last one week, the prices of gram, moong

and lentils have been going up.

The wholesale price of Urad's FAQ

(imported from Burma) variety in the country's

financial capital Mumbai on Tuesday

was Rs 5,450 per quintal, which is Rs 550

more than the previous week. At the same

time, the price of FAQs in the National

Capital Region of Delhi was up by Rs 450

to Rs 5,400 per quintal from the previous

week. The price of FAQ Urad in Chennai

was Rs 5,650, UQ of SQ Variety was Rs

6,775 per quintal.

In Chennai, the prices of FAQ and SQ

have increased by Rs 600 and Rs 525 per

quintal respectively in the last one week.

The price of FAQ Urad in Kolkata rose by

Rs 850 to Rs 6,200 per quintal in the last

one week. The price of moong has also

increased by Rs 100-Rs 200 in various

cities during the last one week. The price of

Rajasthan Line Moong was Rs 6,100 per

quintal in Delhi on Tuesday. In Delhi, the

price of moong has increased by Rs 200

per quintal in the last one week. At the

same time, the price of gram has increased

by Rs 25-Rs 100 per quintal in major mandis

of the country in the last one week. In

Ganj Basoda, Madhya Pradesh, the price of

desi gram increased by Rs. 100 to Rs.

4,100 on Tuesday. The price of Lemon Tur

in Delhi was Rs 5,300 a quintal and there

has been no significant change in the price

in the last one week.

During the crop year 2018-19 (July-

June), the total production of all pulses was

estimated to be 234.8 lakh tonnes, while

traders indicated that the total consumption

of pulses in the country was around 240

lakh tonnes. Not only this, in the current

crop year 2019-20, the production of

Kharif pulses could be 82.3 lakh tonnes in

2019 as compared to 92.2 lakh tonnes in

2018. All-India Dal Mill Association,

Suresh Agarwal told IANS that the government

agency National Agricultural

Cooperative Marketing Federation of India

Ltd (NAFED) has a full stock of red gram

and Bengal gram and also the new crops of

red gram will arrive in November-

December. Madhya Pradesh has received

non-stop rain for 40 days which has damaged

the fields and the crop. It also affected

the crop of green gram and black gram

by 25-30 per cent. If the rain continues in

the state then black gram and green gram

might suffer further losses and their prices

might increase by 5-10 per cent.

that a case under Sections

153B, 504 and 505 of the

Indian Penal Code has been

registered against unidentified


"We received the complaint

from Gurmeet Singh and an

FIR has been lodged. We are

trying to identify the culprits

and CCTV footage of Bapu

Srinagar : Students preferred

to stay away from schools even

as the Jammu and Kashmir

administration announced the

opening of all the higher secondary

schools across the Kashmir

Valley after a gap of two months

since the abrogation of Article

370 on August 5. On Thursday

Divisional commissioner

Kashmir Baseer Ahmad Khan

directed all the Deputy

Commissioners of Kashmir and

officials of the Education

Department to open the higher

secondary schools.

IANS visited prominent

government higher secondary

schools of Srinagar like SP

Higher Secondary School,

Boys Higher Secondary School

Jawahar Nagar and Girls

Higher Secondary School

Rajbagh. Only staff members

were present but there were no

Bhawan and nearby areas is

being scanned," he said.

Residents of the area are in a

state of shock and at a loss of

words on how the miscreants

could enter Bapu Bhawan and

vandalise the photo without

being noticed. Also expressing

his shock at the development,

the Mahatma's great-grandson

Tushar Gandhi, in a statement,

said: "Just heard the news that

someone/people stole the

funeral ashes of my great

grandfather kept in a shrine at

Gandhi Bhavan in Rewa

Madhya Pradesh.

They also defaced his photo

by spraying the word 'Traitor'.

Wish he wasn't the father of the

nation, wish he wasn't

Mahatma. Wish he was only

my great grandfather."

High schools open in

Kashmir, students missing

students in any of these

schools. SP Higher Secondary

school in Srinagar has been

converted into a CRPF camp

with several companies of the

Central Reserve Police Force

deployed there. "There are 24

classrooms in the school, which

have all been taken over by the

CRPF," a teacher at the school

told IANS. Staff members were

present but not the students in

Higher Secondary School

Jawahar Nagar with a strenth of

over 1,100 students and Girls

Higher Secondary school

Rajbagh with over 300 students

When the state administration

opened other schools last

month the outcome was similar.

The move drew an extremely

poor response. Only the staff

members showed up in the

schools as most students stayed



1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019 ASIA


Withdrawal limit for PMC Bank

depositors now Rs 25,000

Mumbai : The Reserve Bank

of India on Thursday raised the

withdrawal limit for depositors

of Punjab and Maharashtra

Cooperative Bank Ltd to Rs

25,000 from Rs 10,000.

"The Reserve Bank of India

again reviewed the bank's liquidity

position and, with a view to

reducing the hardship of the

depositors, has decided to further

enhance the limit for withdrawal

to Rs 25,000. "With the

above relaxation, more than 70

per cent of the depositors of the

bank will be able to withdraw

their entire account balance. The

Reserve Bank is monitoring the

position of the bank and will

continue to take necessary steps

in the interest of depositors," the

RBI said on Thursday.

Islamabad : For all its criticism

of India for denying rights

to minorities, Pakistan's parliament

has shot down a minority

Christian member's constitutional

amendment bill seeking

to allow non-Muslims to

become Prime Minister and

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The apex bank has also decided

to appoint a committee of

three members in terms of section

36AAA(5)(a) read with

President of Pakistan.

Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan has been

strident in his attack on India, alleging that New

Delhi is denying Muslims their fundamental

rights and that it is attempting to change the

demography of Muslim-majority Kashmir valley.

However, in his own National Assembly, the

House with majority voice, blocked minority

member Dr Naveed Aamir Jeeva's attempt to

introduce the Constitution (Amendment) Bill

2019. Jeeva sought an amendment to Article 41

and 91 of the Constitution to allow non-Muslims

to become Prime Minister and President of

Pakistan. But Minister of State for Parliamentary

Affairs Ali Muhammad opposed the proposed

legislation, saying that Pakistan is an Islamic

Republic where only a Muslim can be elevated to

the slots of President and Prime Minister.

He maintained that minorities in Pakistan are

enjoying complete freedom, security and their

rights are being protected. Jamaat-e-Islami (JI)

member Maulana Abdul Akbar Chitrali appreciated

the stance taken by the minister, saying that

"no law against Islamic values and teachings can

be passed, introduced or even debated in the parliament".

The deliberations of Pakistan's National

Assembly on Wednesday are another attempt to

tell the minorities of Pakistan that they can never

aspire to the highest position in the country.

India, conversely, has had two Muslim

Presidents, Zakir Husain and Fakhruddin Ali

Ahmed. Mohammad Hidayatullah for a time was

the acting President. Hidayatullah not only

served as the Vice President of India, he was also

the 11th Chief Justice of India. Mohammad

Hamid Ansari served for 10 years as the Vice

President of India.

Section 56 of the Banking

Regulation Act 1949, to assist

the Administrator of Punjab and

Maharashtra Cooperative Bank

Ltd. Mumbai police on Thursday

arrested two directors of the

Housing Development

Infrastructure Ltd (HDIL) in the

PMC Bank scam, an official

said. Rakesh Wadhawan and his

son Sarang Wadhawan, accused

of loan default, have been arrested

by the Economic Offences

Wing (EOW). Properties worth

Rs 3,500 crore of HDIL have

also been frozen by the EOW, he

said. "We arrested the two directors

of HDIL after a detailed

interrogation," the official said.

PMC Bank used more than

21,000 fictitious accounts to

hide loans it made, according to

a police complaint lodged by

officials, in the latest banking

fraud case to spook the country's

depositors and investors.

Pakistani Sikhs demand religious school for children

Mingora -The Sikh community

in Pakistan has raised a

demand for a religious school for

their children to impart them

knowledge of 'Gurmukhi'. They

have also demanded government

holidays on their festivals.

The Sikh leaders in Khyber

Pakhtunkhwa's Mingora have

said that their community is living

in the Swat valley for the last

300 years and feels safe here.

They have some demands for the

government including a school

for Sikh children, a report in the

Pakistani media said.

Gulzari Lal, a Sikh, said: "We

don't have religious schools to

provide education to our children

in Gurmukhi language.

We'll be thankful to the government

if it makes arrangements

for the same".

He said there are 300 Sikh

families residing in the Swat valley

and they need a community

hall to organise their functions.

The Sikh leaders have also

demanded government holidays

on their religious festivals. They

said that there are Sikhs working

in various government offices

who don't get holidays on their


Mingora Gurdwara


Pakistan tells minorities they

can't be PM, President


head Banwari Lal thanked the

administration for providing

security to the Gurdwara but

said that the security personnel

are Muslims and it's difficult to

differentiate between Sikhs and

Muslims by just looking. He

asked for Sikh security guards.

Asked about these demands,

officials said all legal demands

of the Sikh community will be


Imran Khan speaks to Bangladesh

PM before her India trip

Dhaka : Pakistan Prime Minister

Imran Khan telephoned his

Bangladeshi counterpart Sheikh

Hasina on the eve of her visit to India

on Thursday.

"Pakistani Prime Minister Imran

Khan phoned Prime Minister Sheikh

Hasina this afternoon and exchanged

pleasantries," the Bangladesh Prime

Minister's Press Secretary Ihsanul

Karim said on Wednesday, reported


He said that the Pakistani Prime

Minister, during the conversation,

inquired about the condition of

Hasina's eye, which was operated in

London. Hasina had recently undergone

a surgery on her left eye in

London. Hasina met Prime Minister

London : Scientists have

developed a "smart shirt" that

can accurately measure breathing

and could be used to monitor

lung disease by sensing movements

in the chest and abdomen.

Researchers from Radboud

University Medical Centre in

The Netherlands used the smart

shirts, together with a mobile

app, to reliably measure breathing

in healthy people while carrying

out a range of everyday


"Smart shirts are already

available, but they tend to be

used by professional or amateur

sportsmen and women. We

wanted to see whether a smart

shirt could provide an accurate

and more practical alternative

for measuring lung function,"

said Denise Mannee, a technical

physician from Radboud


The researchers can now test

out the smart shirts with patients

who have chronic obstructive

pulmonary disease (COPD).

COPD is a growing problem

with around 64 million people

suffering with the condition


The smart shirt, called the

"Hexoskin", senses how the fabric

stretches when the wearer's

chest expands and contracts and

uses these measurements to

gauge the volume of air inhaled

and exhaled.

It also records heart rate and


During the study, the team

Narendra Modi on the sidelines of the

UNGA in New York and the two

leaders are scheduled to meet again

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This 'smart shirt' can accurately

monitor lung disease

asked a group of 15 healthy volunteers

to wear a smart shirt

while doing everyday activities

including lying down, sitting,

standing, climbing stairs and


Participants said the smart

shirts were comfortable and

could be worn underneath their

normal clothes.

At the same time, the volunteers

also wore the equipment

traditionally used to measure

breathing that includes a face

mask and bulky backpack.

Researchers compared the

measurements recorded using

the two techniques for each person

doing each activity on the

two occasions.

In general, they found that the

measurements were very similar.

When lying, the difference

between measurements taken by

the two pieces of equipment was

just 0.2 per cent on average,

which only represents a few millilitres

of air.

In more strenuous activities

there were slightly greater differences,

for example with vacuuming

the difference was 3.1 per

cent on average, or around 40ml.

"These results are important

because they indicate that the

smart shirt can be worn by

patients while they go about

their daily lives to accurately

measure their lung function,"

said Mannee.

The researchers now plan to

repeat tests on the smart shirts

with COPD patients.

during her India visit. Imran Khan

during his UNGA visit had not held

any meeting with Hasina.

Jolt for Congress in Maharashtra as Nirupam won't campaign

Mumbai : In a pre-poll jolt for the

Congress in Maharashtra, senior

party leader Sanjay Nirupam

declared on Thursday that he will

"not campaign" in the October 21

Assembly elections.

The former Mumbai Congress

chief and three-time MP's decision

came after the party rejected his plea

for nominating at least one Muslim or

minority candidate from each district

in the state. "For Mumbai, I had recommended

only one name of a potentially

winner Muslim candidate from

Versova, but that has been rejected

without assigning reasons. This

means the party has no need for me. I

shall sit at home during elections," a

jilted Nirupam told IANS.

However, former minister and

senior Congress leader Naseem

Khan has filed his nomination from

the Chandivali assembly seat on

Thursday after putting up a huge

show of strength. The development

came just a day after the party's former

Haryana chief Ashok Tanwar

staged a protest along with his supporters

outside the residence of

Congress interim President Sonia

Gandhi in New Delhi, alleging that

election tickets were being sold.

Shortly after Nirupam's announcement,

speculation was rife in

political circles that he would walk

over to the ruling Bharatiya Janata

Party and contest from Borivali

assembly seat, but he declined to

comment on this.


Is it possible to speak of social justice

and democracy without talking

about the privileges of those who have

looted the resources as well as exploited

the social system and provided it

‘divine’ sanctity to justify the caste

discrimination. I have found this

biggest challenge in India from those

who claim to fight for the ‘poor’. Now

we should all fight for ‘peace’ and talk

about ‘protecting’ the ‘nature’.

Question is who is destroying the

nature and how is peace possible.

Is peace possible unless there is a

sense of guilt and acknowledgement

of fact of exploiting nature as well as

people historically. How can we protect

our nature unless those who have

amassed huge wealth and resources by

hook or by crook, voluntarily do so. Is

it possible that the crook will voluntarily

leave their privileges whether they

got from socially hierarchical positions,

caste hierarchies or state patronage


We are telling the people that the

end is coming. Yes, end is already

there but should people stop asking

question now. Should people stop

seeking justice now. We know the

earth is exploited but then who

exploited it. Why we hesitate in naming

and shaming them. The exploitation

of the earth is not done by the

Adivasis or indigenous people. It is

not done by the Dalits. It is not

exploited by the farmers. So why

should all these communities be made

to suffer the guilt and thuggery of

those who really exploited it.

There are massive campaign

against exploitation of nature. There is

natural calamities now. Climate

change is the real crisis but can we

handle it without involving the Dalits

and Adivasis in it. There is consciousness

but if we all are worried about it

then we need to also think of leaving

our privileges. How will you do it

when the meaning of economic

growth is related to sale of cars and

other vehicles. How will you maintain

the environment, a great level of clean

air and clean water if millions wash

their sins ( literally) in the rivers.

Ofcourse, there is dirt also going from

the big factories.

Tomorrow, we will

celebrate Gandhi Jayanti.

There will be marches

and talks. People would

speak about his dreams, non violence

and what not as if he was the only person

who spoke about it. Will write

about it in the coming days but my

UK to reveal

updated plan for

Brexit negotiations

London : The UK government has planned to reveal an

updated plan for Brexit negotiations which is expected to be

made public in the next few days, a media report said on

Tuesday. Proposals for reaching a new Brexit deal had been

expected ahead of a crucial European Union summit (EU) on

October 17, the BBC said in its report.

With the detailed proposals on the table, the UK side hopes

that by the end of the week, both the EU and UK would be in a

period of intense negotiations where both sides thrash out a final

text. But there was no certainty over whether the EU will accept

the premise of the plans in order to move to the next phase of

talks. The biggest obstacle to a deal is the backstop - the plan to

prevent a hard border between Northern Ireland and the Irish

Republic. The policy - agreed to by former Prime Minister

Theresa May in her withdrawal deal with the EU, which was

rejected three times by Parliament - is unacceptable to many

Conservative MPs. Since becoming Prime Minister, Boris

Johnson has stressed to EU leaders the backstop would have to

be replaced if any deal was to be passed by Parliament.

Johnson has argued that the backstop would keep the UK too

closely aligned with EU rules after Brexit.

The UK is due to leave the EU on October 31, and Johnson

has said this will happen whether or not there is a new deal with

Brussels, the BBC reported. At the Conservative Party conference

on Monday, he said: "I'm cautiously optimistic. We have

made some pretty big moves, we are waiting to see whether our

European friends will help us and whether we can find the right

landing zone." MPs have passed a law requiring Johnson to seek

an extension to the deadline from the bloc if he was unable to

pass a deal in Parliament, or get MPs to approve a no-deal Brexit,

by October 19.


Peace without demolishing caste

privileges is not possible ?

question is who should become non

violent. How do we speak of non violence

from those who are exploited for

centuries. Talking and teaching non

violence and peace to the communities

exploited and shamed by the

caste system will never

bring peace. Why dont we

By Vidya Bhushan Rawat

social and human rights activist

teach peace and non violence

to those who celebrate

violence in every day life, in their festivals,

in their every deed.

So, it is easy to preach everything to

the communities who have protected

our environment and our lives.

Important for us to name and shame

those who exploited our system. It is

they who need to learn importance

of non violence and

peace. It is they who need to

leave their privileges and not

those who are being hounded

out in the name of environment

protection. Expose those who

built big corporate resort in our

forests and then talk about

Adivasis encroaching those land.

So far not heard a single sentence

Nagaland CM leads drive

against plastic pollution

Kohima : Nagaland Chief Minister

Neiphiu Rio on Wednesday kicked off the

state-wide plastic waste collection drive on

the occasion of the 150th birth anniversary of

Mahatma Gandhi.

The programme is part of the Swachhata

Hi Seva initiative

undertaken by the

Central government

to curb the menace of

plastic pollution in

the country.

Speaking at the

event at old NST bus

stop here, Rio honoured

the Father of

the Nation, Mahatma

Gandhi and called

him the true advocate

and torchbearer for

cleanliness and sanitation

in the country.

He also highlighted

and praised the

various initiatives

undertaken by the

Central government, under the leadership of

Prime Minister Narendra Modi, for achieving

a clean India.

"God has created our planet so beautifully.

Mother Earth can provide for all our needs

but it cannot sustain our greed and it is

because of our greed that today so many

environmental issues such as global warming

and plastic pollution are taking place" he


The Chief Minister also called upon the

people of the state to come forward and work

together with the government to ensure that

they protect the environment against all kinds

of pollution and make

the state a plastic free


Rio also said that the

government is a mirror

image of the people and

that it is time for the

public to stop blaming

the government for

everything and start taking

initiative and actively

participate in taking

the state forward in all


"Unless the public

co-operates and works

together hand in hand

with the government,

our dream of a better

Nagaland will be never

be a reality," he asserted.

The mass movement against plastic waste

was officially kicked off with everyone present

taking the pledge not to use plastic.

The Chief Minister, along with some of his

colleagues and high-ranking state officials,

also participated in the collection of plastic

waste in the state capital.

1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019


from peace nicks about why the two

Valmiki children were killed ? This is

not the first case and nor will this last.

The Savarna violence on Dalits continue

unabated. Who should we talk

about peace. Shouldnt the criminals be

punished. What do you do with the

community which join hands in the

name of caste.

‘We must unite’, we must

end caste system, we must not segregate,

it is too much they say. Please go

to your village, without taking your

privileged people along with you. Stay

with the most marginalised, organise

their meet and then see the reactions of

your privileged friends you have not

asked to come. Who should end caste

system. Can it go by just removing

surnames. Who will remove the poison

in the belly ? There are good people

in every caste, they say. Yes, you

dont decide your caste, you did not

choose your religion and that is fair

enough but why dont you speak

against the caste atrocities, the

untouchability that these caste inflict.

Why dont you stand with those who

face such violence and I call it divine

violence. Empty rhetoric wont work.

Caste is privilege and see it, if you

have sensitivity and understanding

from the villages we all ‘love’ so


Will they go to those caste communities

who still feel proud of their violence

and have no shame in their misdeeds.

We have not heard much from

political class as well as champions of

peace on any murders that are committed

in the name of caste and come

from those villages highly romanticised

by the preacher of ‘peace’.

Vidya Bhushan Rawat is a social

and human rights activist. He blogs

at www.manukhsi.blogspot.com

twitter @freetohumanity

Email: vbrawat@gmail.com


professor commits


Prayagraj : A professor in the

Allahabad University (AU) allegedly

committed suicide by hanging himself

from a ceiling fan in his house near

Chandralok Crossing, under Kotwali

police station here, on Wednesday.

The deceased Sanjeev Bhadauria,

58, was a professor in Defence and

Strategies Department of the university.

Though police are yet to ascertain

the reason why the deceased took this

extreme step, sources said Bhadauria

had been ill since the past few months

and had recently undergone a prostate


SSP (Prayagraj) Satyarth Anirudh

Pankaj said, "On Wednesday,

Bhadauria told his wife Neeta that he

was going to buy some medicines and

get a blood test done. When he did not

return for several hours, she went to

the second floor of the house to look

for him. She found him hanging from

the ceiling fan of the room there."

A suicide note was recovered near

the body, which said, "I am going to

commit suicide and nobody is responsible

for my death." His wife immediately

called the neighbours who

informed the police about the alleged


Inspector (Kotwali) Bachche Lal

said it appears to be a case of suicide

according to preliminary investigation.

The body has been sent for post



1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019 ASIA


Land rights activists demand for

comprehensive Land Reforms

Asia Land Forum 2019 started here

in Udaipur with nearly a thousand

Dalits, Adivasis, Pastoralists and other

landless communities and those

depended on commons came on a platform

to fight for their rights. Activists

and land rights defenders, policy makers,

members of international organisations

from 13 Asian countries as

well as from Europe are here to deliberate

on various issues related to

agrarian and land reforms.

Young member of

Parliament from Kerala, Ms Ramya

passionately sang a song while Ekta

Parishad founder P V Rajagopal spoke

of threat to livelihood of thousands of

people and efforts to ensure that the

lonely planet remain safe. He talked

about his ten thousand kilometer long

march from Delhi to Geneva for Peace

and justice.

International Land

Coalition director Micheal Taylor

expressed solidarity with the struggling

people particularly Dalits,

Adivasis, Pastoralists who are the protector

of our environment and forest.

He also questioned the developmental

model which threaten to displace millions

of people without seeking their

opinion and consent. He asked that all

project need to implement Free Prior

Informed Consent concept.

MARAG founder Lal ji

Bhai Desai spoke about the struggle

against SIR in Gujarat and said that

whether it is Dalits, Adivasis,

Maldharis, all love nature and consider

Earth their mother. They can not

compromise with the dignity of their

mother. He called for unity among all.

Activists raised the

issues of Forest Rights Acts and

attempt to dilute it. In the name of

Environment people are being displaced

and rather than empowering

Adivasis and other forest dwellers, the

government actually is empowering

corporations and Forest Department.

People have been made criminals on

their own land.

Don Marquese from

Philippines spoke about failed land

reformed in his country while Pallav

Chakma from Chakma Hill Track,

Bangladesh spoke

about growing

alienation of adivasis

and failure of

the Bangladesh government to sign

the Indigenous People’s declaration of


Vidya Bhushan Rawat

said that there was lack of political

will in implementation of land reform

laws because the upper caste political

leadership never wanted to change the

By Vidya Bhushan Rawat

social and human rights activist

British PM to set

out details of

final Brexit offer

power equations in villages. He said

that Jai Jagat will not succeed unless

India’s Dalits, Adivasis face caste and

community discriminations and villages

though romanticised by Gandhi,

still remain den of feudalism, superstition

and nepotism. Indian

villages even today are the

biggest and best example

of how caste system operate

as Dr Baba Saheb

Ambedkar had said long

back. Democracy will never succeed

unless there is social democracy and it

will never happen unless there is equal

redistribution of land to people or

nationalisation of it. Many may call it

a dream but we will have to fight.

We brought Zamindari abolition act

but it failed. Land Ceiling Act has not

been implemented. My point is clear,

Land has two important issues today

related to Dalits and Adivasis. One, for

the Dalits who were denied historically,

the right to own land, so that

need land legally by the government.

The Adivasis had land

in their forest and they nurtured

it but today, they have been

hounded out from their land

and are being declared as

encroachers. The Wild Life

fundamentalists and corporate

environmentalists have created

a dirt through their money power

which make Adivasis and other Forest

Dwellers criminal in their own land. It

is therefore important to protect

Adivasi land as they are the protector

of nature and not the forest department

or World Wide Funds. My appeal was

that our Land Ceiling Laws must be

amended to stop their misuse and circumvention.

All the corporate farming,

gaushalas, religious trusts, educational

and other charitable institutions must

be put under the land ceiling limit. You

can not give them unlimited power

related to land. The land declared ceiling

surplus must be distributed and

people should be given possession and

not merely entitlement which are show

pieces as in most of the places in UP

and Bihar, people have land papers but

no access to their land.

Forest Rights act must be strictly

implemented and Adivasis must be

given a role in managing the forest.

The session was chair by Amitabh

Behar, country head of Oxfam India,

who also spoke about the dangers of

corporate take over. He emphasised

that the land laws need to be strictly

implemented as well as some of them

need to be amended. Forest Rights act

too must be strictly implemented and

rights of the forest dwellers must be

protected. He expressed concern over

the corporate take over of India’s land

and forest.

Vidya Bhushan Rawat is a social

and human rights activist. He blogs

at www.manukhsi.blogspot.com

twitter @freetohumanity

Email: vbrawat@gmail.com

London : British Prime Minister Boris

Johnson will set out details of his "final" negotiating

offer to the European Union (EU) on

Wednesday in pursuit of a "fair and reasonable"

Brexit compromise.

Johnson will address the Tory conference

before submitting new proposals, intended to

form the legal text of a new

Brexit deal, to Brussels, the

BBC reported.

Only by leaving the EU

on October 31 can the UK

"move on", he will argue.

Tory Chairman James

Cleverly said the UK had

been "flexible and pragmatic",

and now the EU must

be the same.

On the eve of his speech,

Johnson told a conference

fringe meeting in

Manchester, hosted by the

DUP, that he hoped to reach a deal with the

EU over the course of "the next few days".

Later, he will claim the public will no longer

be "taken for fools" by those who want to

delay or block the process.

The government has insisted it will not

negotiate a further delay beyond the

Halloween deadline, saying this would be

unnecessary and costly for the UK.

However, under the terms of a law passed

by Parliament last month, Johnson faces having

to request another extension unless MPs

back the terms of withdrawal by October 19 -

two days after a summit of European leaders.

On Tuesday, the British PM dismissed

leaked reports that customs posts could be set

up on either side of the border between

Northern Ireland and the

Republic of Ireland.

He said suggestions the

UK wanted "clearance zones"

for goods as part of a package

of alternative arrangements to

replace the Irish backstop

were wide of the mark.

While he conceded some

customs checks would be

needed as the UK leaves the

EU's customs union and single

market, he said technology

could keep them to an

"absolute minimum".

Speaking to BBC Radio 4's Today programme,

Cleverly appeared to put the ball in

the EU's court. "We have been in negotiating

for some while," he said. "The UK has been

flexible, but a negotiation means both parties

need to be flexible. "What we need to see now

is the EU be flexible - and if they can be pragmatic

and flexible, we can leave with a deal on

October 31. But we are going to leave on

October 31 whatever."



1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019


A Discussion of IPCC Authors

on ‘Climate Change’ in India

Center for Policy Research (CPR)

and The Energy Resource Institute

(TERI), organized a discussion of

IPCC authors on the burning issue of

climate change. A panel of Speakers:

Fei Teng, Associate Professor &

Deputy Director, Institute of Energy,

Environment & Economy, Tsinghua

University, China, Harald Winkler,

Professor , University of Cape Town,

South Africa, Heleen de Connick,

Associate Professor , Department of

Environmental Science , Radboud

University, The Netherlands, Karen

Seto- Frederick C Hixon, Professor of

Geography and Urabnisation Science

, Yale University, USA, and Roberto

Schaeffer, Professor , Energy

Economics, Universidade, Federal do

Rio de Janerio, Brazil were invited to

discuss a question ‘What are countries

doing to mitigate climate

change? Prof. Navroz K Dubash of

CPR was the moderator who opened

up the discussion by raising some

questions on successes and obstacles

to mitigate climate change in countries

like USA, China, South Africa,

Brazil & Netherlands. The erudite

speakers passionately put forward different

perspectives on opportunities

and challenges in mitigating climate


The panel lacked the Indian viewpoint

on climate change since there

was no Indian scientist, environmentalist

or academician to throw light on

the vulnerability of human lives in

India due to climate change & environmental

degradations. Critics often

allege that the minds of the Indians

academicians are hugely influenced

by the achievements of the developed

countries than their own cold failures.

Most of the learned speakers threw

light on the basis of secondary data.

On a question to the speakers about

left-right politics on climate change

especially in the developed world by

one of the participants an answer from

one of the speakers from Netherland

compared the politics of left-right

with White or Black was, no doubt,

inappropriate. Nevertheless, the leftright

politics on the issue of climate

change was admitted by the speaker

from Brazil to some extent.

The venue was full of mixed audiences.

Some foreigners participated

but largely Indians. Indians like me

were actually anxious to know about

constructive steps & environmentfriendly

policies being implemented

by Indian politicians to mitigate climate

change. On this matter, my own

opinion is that CPR & TERI, being

credible institutions of India have

missed this massive opportunity. I

also believe strongly that well-read

Indians in the audience are more worried

about India than any country in

the world in terms of climate change

& environmental degradations.

Climate variations are less prominent

in India than in the regions of Canada,

USA, Britain, After listening and

interacting through Q/A session, I try

to understand where India stands

today among other countries of the

developed world to fight this battle of

climate change & environmental

degradations. The threat is gigantic

because of apathy and corruption of

the nexus between politicians &

bureaucrats. The empirical data is not

only astounding but also horrific in

terms of survival of human & animal

life due to climate change & environmental

degradations in India.

According to the Global Climate

Risk Index released by Germany

–based think tank, German Watch,

India is the 14th the most climate

change – affected country in the

world. The rapid worst climate

change and the rise of air pollution is

not one day story. According to the

environment ministry, 2,400 Indians

lost their lives to extreme weather.

Despite an imminent threat to human

& animal life, many Indians companies

are importing iron & plastic

scraps from USA, China, Italy, Japan.

A study done by Pandit Deedyal

Upadhya Smriti Manch (PDUSM), a

Delhi-based environmentalist organisation

demonstrates that the influx of

PET bottles has quadrupled from

2017 to 2018. This is all happening

under the nose of the Government of

India despite a ban.

There is no doubt, the Western &

Eastern capitalists’ countries are

doing much better than India to prevent

humankind destruction due to

climate change. It is often alleged that

the western companies are more interested

to sell their technologies to India

than to find out a root cause of the

problem and thereafter resolution. For

example, The VSBK technology was

originally invented in China for brick

manufacturers and was adapted by

Technology and Action for Rural

Advancement (TARA) in India, and

discarded later due to financial viability.

India as an emerging economy of

the world has its own demerits. Some

of them are explained. Today, in a

globalized world, India cannot make

as much progress as required to cater

to the 130 billion people until or

unless a fundamental change in innovation

& technology & religious outlook

takes place. The lack of innovation

& technology in India has further

added woes to the worst climate

change, suffocating

human life day by day.

World Economic Forum

demonstrates that a billion

cockroaches in China are

being fed with 50 tonnes

of kitchen waste a day- the

equivalent in weight to

seven adult elephants. Liu

Yusheng, president of

Shandong Insect Industry

Association said,

“Cockroaches are a biotechnological

pathway for

converting and processing

of Kitchen”. India lacks behind in

such innovations due to religious

dietary restrictions as laid down by

Hindu customs. Some Marxists assert

that Brahmanism is an obstacle in the

path of growth, innovation & technology

in India.

The difference between a developed

world and a developing world is

noticeable in the outlook of the general

population of India & the West.

From 29 September to 9th October in

India is the season of Shardiya

Navratri days. According to Hindu

mythology, Goddess Maa Durga

fought an evil demon called

Mahishasura and battle continued for

nine days. Hindu devotees abstain

from meat and alcohol during

Shardiya Navratri days. If we go to

Five Star hotels in this season we will

find that the majority of the so-called

Brahmins eat chicken or goat meat

and drink alcohol during these days.

Not only this, the elderly population

of India is stigmatized. The religious

outlook in the West is progressive. In

the West, Elderly people despite their

ripening age get jobs & contribute to

the economy. During my recent trip to

China, I observe that Chinese elderly

ladies work in the factories and produce

material & contribute to the

growth of the economy whereas

Indian elderly ladies are found

singing Ram-Sita

Bhajans in the four walls

of Hindu temples as well

in homes. Some governments

have wasted taxpayer

money on religious

festivals. For example,

the Haryana government

spent 100 crores on the

Gita festival. This huge

money could be spent on

funding innovation &

technology. Indian men

or women, especially

politicians have to change

their outlook for the country to grow

and sustain.

Let me cite an example, how Hindu

nationalists caused colossal damage

to the Indian economy by their foolish

– Dr. Rahul Kumar, Ph.D.

& regressive thinking. A Tamil

Brahmin Indira Nooyi was a leading

cow-meat supplier to the US and drew

90 percent profit out of ‘Pink

Revolution’. After opposition to cow

beef & other products by the so-called

Hindu Nationalists her company is

pushed to number Second in beef

export. Now Brazil. a demographically

small country in South America has

become the number one beef exporter

in the world.

Another small example of different

types of air-pollutants will send shivers

down to the spines. There are millions

of Hindu temples, Muslim

Mosques, Sikh Gurdwaras, Christian

churches in India. It is estimated that

some 800 million tonnes of flowers,

including roses and yellow marigolds,

are offered across the temples,

mosques, churches Gurudwaras in the

country. Floral waste accounts for 16

percent of the total river pollutant

(Down Earth, June 2018). No politicians

for the sake of vote bank will

ever touch this issue. It is unfortunate

for such a great country like India.

Suparna Dutt D`Cunha states that

90 percent Indian Start-up will fail

because of Innovation. The World

Bank demonstrates that China gets

more patents than India & Brazil. USbased

think tank, the Information, and

Innovation Foundation (ITIF), ranks

India near the bottom of a list of 56

countries. India cannot fight the battle

of climate change without innovating

& adopting smart technology. It is,

therefore, India needs to become an

innovative & scientific country. The

funds for Research & Development

(R&D) should be increased to facilitate

innovation & technology.

Artificial intelligence is going to

impact the job market in India massively.

Already unemployed youths

having degrees in Social Sciences will

further alienate from the mainstream

society. The need of the hour to relinquish

pretensions. Dialogue is essential

but practical solutions need priorities.

– Dr. Rahul Kumar, Ph.D.

Dr. Rahul Kumar, Ph.D. Jawaharlal

Nehru University, Delhi. India. He is an

independent researcher and senior

media columnist. He is working currently

with the “The Asian Independent

UK” newspaper as a Bureau Chief.

His book on “Elderly Punjabis in

Indian Diaspora” traces trajectories of

Elderly Punjabi migration to U.K. He is

a member of the Editorial Committee of

Global Research Forum for Diaspora

and Transnationalism (GRFDT) New

Delhi. India. The views expressed by

the author in this article are personal

and does not necessarily reflect the official

policy of the paper.

6 1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019 ASIA


NASA's InSight

lander 'hears' strange

sounds on Mars

Washington : NASA has

released recordings of eerie

sounds on Mars picked up by

one of its missions to the Red

Planet, the InSight lander.

Far below the human range of

hearing, these recordings had to

be speeded up and slightly

processed to be audible through

headphones, NASA said on

Tuesday. The spacecraft's

exquisitely sensitive seismometer,

called the Seismic

Experiment for Interior Structure

(SEIS), can pick up vibrations as

subtle as a breeze.

The instrument was provided

by the French space agency,

Centre National d'Etudes

Spatiales (CNES), and its partners.

The instrument was

designed to listen for quakes on

Mars, known as marsquakes.

Scientists want to study how

the seismic waves of these

quakes move through the planet's

interior, revealing the deep

inner structure of Mars for the

first time. But after the seismometer

was set down by

InSight's robotic arm, Mars

seemed shy. It did not produce

its first rumbling until this past

April, and this first quake turned

out to be an odd duck.

It had a surprisingly high-frequency

seismic signal compared

to what the science team has

heard since then. Out of more

than 100 events detected to date,

about 21 are strongly considered

to be quakes, NASA said. The

remainder could be quakes as

well, but the science team hasn't

ruled out other causes.

SEIS has no trouble identifying

quiet quakes, but its sensitive

ear means scientists have lots of

other noises to filter out.

Nepal Parliament Speaker

resigns after rape allegation

Kathmandu : The Speaker of

Nepals Parliament resigned on

Tuesday following an allegation

that he raped a woman staffer

while he was intoxicated.

K r i s h n a

Bahadur Mahara's

resignation follows

a meeting of the

Nepal Communist

Party (NCP) that

asked him to step

down as the

Speaker and member

of Parliament, a

day after the

woman alleged that

the politician

assaulted her at her

rented apartment.

"In the wake of

media reports questioning my

moral character, I am resigning

on the moral ground to facilitate

an impartial and fair investigation

into the allegations," read

Mahara's resignation letter,

according to the Kathmandu

Post. Mahara -- one of the country's

leading Communist Party

leaders -- however, said in the

letter that he has resigned until

the investigation is completed.

He had initially denied the

allegation, calling it an attempt

to "assassinate his character".

Pak's new envoy to the

UN is a woman-basher

Mahara was elected speaker

of the House of Representative

in 2018 after the Communist

Party of Nepal won majority of

the seats in elections in

November 2017.

Narayan Kaji Shrestha, a

spokesperson of the ruling party,

told Efe news that Mahara was

asked to resign for an independent

and unbiased investigation.

The allegation surfaced on

Monday after the victim -- a

staffer at the Parliament secretariat

-- claimed that Mahara

came to her house

intoxicated on Sunday

evening and raped her

while her husband was


The allegation was

made in a video

released by the online

news portal Hamro

Kura. The woman said

she had known Mahara

for years and that he

had behaved indecently

with her in the past as

well. Mahara was an

influential Maoist

leader during the 10-year-long

civil war that started in 1996.

The Maoists entered into a UNmonitored

peace accord in 2006

and joined mainstream politics,

ending their armed revolt.

He has previously served as

Deputy Prime Minister,

Information Minister and Home


Russian alcohol


down 43%:

WHO report

Islamabad, Oct 1 (IANS) Known for

his sharp rhetoric against India, senior

Pakistani diplomat Munir Akram, who at

age 74 has been appointed as Islamabads

new envoy to the UN, has an unsavoury

past -- of a woman-beater.

In January 2003, when Akram was

holding charge as Pakistan's top envoy at

the UN, his then 35-year-old live-in girlfriend

Marijana Mihic had filed a case of

battery against the envoy.

On December 10, 2002, at 1.36 a.m.

Marijana had called in New York police to

Akram's home - 47 East 92nd Street in

Manhattan, which she shared with him,

complaining that he had beaten her up.

She told the police that Akram, who she

initially identified as her husband, had

smashed her head against a wall, bruised

her arm, and that he had hit her earlier too.

Marjorie Tiven, the then city commissioner

in charge of UN issues, wrote to

the US mission requesting that Akram's

immunity be removed so that they could

prosecute him.

The embarrassment came even as on

January 1, 2003 Pakistan bagged a seat on

the 15-nation Security Council for a twoyear

term, and at a time when the Council

was deciding whether to authorize a war

on Iraq. After the police walked into the

flat, Marijana said that Akram was her

"boyfriend" and that after an argument

with him she had tried to leave.

"He prevented her from leaving, he

grabbed her and she fell," police

spokesman Lt. Brian Burke was quoted as

saying by the New York Times. The

police officers at the scene reported that

Marijana had a bruise on her head.

Akram, who was 57 then, was at the

residence when the

police arrived.

A spokesman for the

Pakistani mission told

the police later that

Akram and his friend

had reconciled.

"The ambassador

and his friend both

strongly believe that

there is no basis for any

legal action in this matter,"

Mansoor Suhail,

the spokesman, told

authorities in New

York. "And they have

both communicated

that belief to the concerned


The New York Post,

in a piece titled "UN

diplo-basher won't leave", quoted Akram

as saying that he would not leave, though

Washington asked Pakistan to strip his

diplomatic immunity so that he can face

domestic-violence charges in Manhattan.

"My government sent me here to represent

my country. I came to stay - and my

government wants me to stay," Akram

told The Post in January 2003. Media

reports on the case had fuelled calls by

women's groups for Akram's resignation.

The Women's Action Forum -- an umbrella

organization representing dozens of

women's groups -- demanded that an

envoy accused of battering a woman

should not be allowed to continue.

Religious groups in Pakistan too wanted

him recalled, saying that an envoy who

has been involved with a woman to whom

he is not married cannot represent a

Muslim nation.

However, on February 4, 2003, the

District Attorney's office dropped the

investigation into the case. The US mission

at the UN which had been asked to

request the US state department to withdraw

Akram's diplomatic immunity, was

also informed of the decision by the district

attorney's office.

Akram, who had separated from his

Geneva-based American wife then, said

later that he was still friends with


"Women get angry," he was quoted as

saying. "You know how it is."

He was appointed as Permanent

Representative of the UN at the Geneva

office from 1995 to 2002; he reached

superannuation in 1999 but was hired

again by the Pakistani government on

extension contract, before holding the

same post in New York, where he served

till 2008. He was dismissed by Asif Ali

Zardari because of his disagreement over

presenting the case of the assassination of

Benazir Bhutto to the UN. He also also

served as President of the Security

Council for one term each in 2002 and

2004. A frequent columnist for the Dawn

and other papers, where he would hold

forth on his anti-India views, in one piece

in the aftermath of the Uri attacks of

September 2016, and India's cross-border

reprisal strikes, Akram trashed the surgical

strikes. "The Indians have tried, disingenuously,

to portray their artillery

attacks along the LoC as ‘surgical strikes'

to appease whipped-up public fervour in

India to ‘punish' Pakistan. The open

Indian claim to have crossed the LoC provides

Pakistan with justification to retaliate

against India across the LoC at a time

of its choosing. Hopefully, Pakistan's

restraint in refraining will not encourage

India to try ‘bolder' action which could

lead to a general conflict," he wrote in the


"There's a real danger that as frustration

at the failure of threats and bluster

mounts in India, and Kashmiri protests

continue, Modi may be tempted to take

further reckless action," he wrote.

"Even if war is avoided, normalisation

of Pak-India ties is unlikely until the

departure of the Hindu fundamentalist

cohort from office. Pakistanis, including

those who entertained illusions of friendship

with Modi's India, must unite to

defend our nation from the menace we

wisely escaped 69 years ago," he wrote in

the piece titled 'Modi's war'."

Moscow : Alcohol consumption

in Russia decreased

by 43 per cent from 2003 to

2016, a World Health

Organization (WHO) report

said. The report attributed the

decline in what was considered

to be one of the heaviest-drinking

countries in the world to a

series of alcohol-control measures

implemented by the state,

especially under then President

Dmitri Medvedev, and a push

towards healthy lifestyles.

According to the WHO, the

drop in alcohol consumption

was linked to a significant rise in

life expectancy in the country.

"Alcohol consumption has long

been recognised as one of the

main driving factors of mortality

in the Russian Federation, especially

among men of working

age," the report said, adding that

from 2003 to now, both alcohol

consumption and mortality rate

decreased. In 2018, life

expectancy in Russia reached a

historic peak, at 68 years for

men and 78 years for women.

Alcohol-control measures

introduced under then

President Medvedev included

advertising restrictions,

increased taxes on alcohol and

a ban on alcohol sales between

certain hours.



1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019


AYODHYA CASE arrives at crucial

phase, intense arguments expected

New Delhi, Oct 3 (IANS) Intense

arguments are predicted in the

Ayodhya title dispute in the Supreme

Court as the October 18 deadline

approaches, leaving eight days of

active hearing in the politically vexing

70-year-old case. A Constitution

bench comprising five judges and

headed by Chief Justice is the hearing

the matter, who have expressed probability

of hearing on Saturday, if it is


The preview of the emerging war of

words -- a heated argument between

Hindu and Muslim parties' counsel --

was visible on Tuesday. A highpitched

intervention by Muslim parties

on the submission of senior advocate

C.S. Vaidyanathan, appearing for

Ram Lalla Virajman, in support of the

Archaeological Survey of India, tested

the patience of Chief Justice Gogoi,

who reprimanded the Muslim parties

counsel for being repetitive.

Vaidyanathan, who had often

remained calm and composed in the

hearing, had also got irritated and

increased his pitch on the microphone

to counter the Muslim parties' counsel.

For a while the courtroom plunged

into chaos.

The Sunni Waqf Board, represented

by senior advocate Rajeev Dhavan,

will begin arguments on its suit on

Friday, and are which is most likely to

conclude in the middle of the week

beginning on October 14. Dhavan had

already made the bulk of the arguments,

for the Muslim parties, for

close to two weeks. He has been very

consistent in arguments, and though

he apologized for his conduct inside

the courtroom, but never backtracked

on the argument.

Chandigarh : Boosting up

efforts of the Punjab government

to protect the environment,

the Shiromani Gurdwara

Parbandhak Committee

(SGPC) on Tuesday asked the

farmers not to burn paddy crop

residue in the fields.

Acting on the request of the

state Agriculture Department,

the SGPC said the preservation

of clean and green environment

is of foremost significance in

view of celebrations of the

550th birth anniversary of Guru

Nanak Dev in November.

It also instructed all the

managers of Sikh shrines that

they should ensure strict compliance

of directions against

stubble burning on the agriculture

lands owned by the gurdwaras.

The SGPC also stressed the

head 'granthis' or priests to

motivate farmers against stubble

burning as this practice

causes environmental and

Dhavan had also adopted fire-fighting

strategy to defend arguments of

other counsel in his legal team. It will

be interesting to see how he strategically

places his arguments before the

court � whether he invokes sharp

responses from opposite parties or

evokes queries from the bench.

After Muslim parties conclude

arguments, the Hindu side will have

two or three working days to counter

them. Therefore, the crucial and nervy

phase in the Ayodhya dispute has

SGPC asks farmers not

to burn crop residue

health hazard.

Earlier, the state had

requested the SGPC to issue an

advisory to gurdwaras for

ensuring zero stubble burning

on lands owned by the shrines

besides appealing farmers not

to burn crop residue in open

fields. The SGPC, considered a

arrived. After a gap of nine years, the

matter is up for adjudication, and now,

merely a week is left in concluding

final arguments on the matter.

It is likely that a competitive and

emotionally charged atmosphere, in

this crucial phase, would build in the

remaining days, as seen by the heated

arguments on Tuesday. The continuous

interference by Muslim parties

have already irritated senior advocates

K. Parasaran, who is also representing

Ram Lalla and Vaidyanathan. The

mini Parliament of Sikh religious

affairs, has control over

Sikh religious affairs, manages

gurdwaras (Sikh temples) in

Punjab, Haryana and Himachal

Pradesh, including the holiest

of Sikh shrines Harmandir

Sahib, popularly known as

Golden Temple, in Amritsar.

Riyadh : In an effort

to counter Islamabad's

strident anti-India propaganda

on Kashmir, India

has reached out to Saudi

Arabia, days after

Pakistan Prime Minister

Imran Khan visited the

kingdom on way to the


Indian National

Security Advisor Ajit

Doval held one-on-one

talks with Saudi Crown

Prince Mohammed bin

Salman and discussed

Kashmir, and explained

India's position on it.

Crown Prince Salman

expressed understanding about

India's approach and actions in

Jammu and Kashmir, sources

said. The one-on-one talks with

the Crown Prince lasted for

about two hours.

Imran had spent two days in

Riyadh on way to New York,

and performed Umrah with his

wife Bushra Bibi at Mecca. He

also flew in the Prince's special

counsel have maintained composure

during intense arguments where several

assertions were made on Hindu faith

and belief.

The Hindu parties are in the process

of establishing two crucial aspects

before the Supreme Court to claim

possession on the disputed land. The

first is Ram Janmabhoomi -- the land

below the central dome of the disputed

structure as the birthplace of Lord

Ram as a juristic entity, which is subject

to law. And second, the credibility

plane to New York, in an effort

to highlight the close ties

between Saudi Arabia and

Pakistan. During Doval's meeting

with the Crown Prince, a

wide range of issues was discussed

on various aspects of the

India-Saudi bilateral relations.

The NSA's visit will further

strengthen the deep bonds

between the two countries and

help identify specific areas of

accorded to the ASI report by the

Allahabad High Court in its judgement

in 2010. The report had concluded

a Hindu temple lay below the Babri


Strategically, Hindu parties have

consistently backed their arguments

from the High Court judgement,

which runs into nearly 6,000 pages,

and raised specific queries in connection

with faith and divinity from a

legal perspective before the Supreme


Parasaran made submissions on

treating land as a juristic entity, which

is subject to law. Muslims have contested

this argument and claimed that

the place under the central dome of the

Babri Masjid was not the birthplace of

Lord Ram. The court queried

Parasaran that his arguments can have

larger ramifications, as anybody can

approach the court of law claiming

divinity in land. He clarified that the

court has to deal with case-wise on the

issue citing diversity in belief in Hindu

culture and tradition. This evoked

sharp response from the opposite parties.

Vaidyanathan, countering the arguments

against the ASI report, strategically

contested Muslims parties'

claims by citing High Court observations,

included in the verdict, on the

ASI report. This led to a huge argument

where the opposite party claimed

Vaidyanathan is making a statement in

connection with a wall, which

Muslims claims indicated an Idgah

structure, is not apparently correct. It

is expected that the day-long hearing

on Thursday will be crucial for Hindu

parties to make their case more firmly

before the court.

Doval meets Saudi Crown

Prince, discusses Kashmir

cooperation at a time

when Saudi Arabia is

looking to diversify its

economy in line with

Prince Salman's vision

2030, sources said.

This important visit

highlights the regular

and ongoing close consultations

at highest levels

between the two

sides on issues of mutual


Doval also had a

meeting with his Saudi

counterpart, Musaid Al

Aiban, who chairs the

Council of Political and

Security Affairs of Saudi

Arabia. He is also Chairman of

the National Cyber Security


They two sides discussed

issues of national and regional

security . Both sides highlighted

the importance of close

security ties .

NSA Doval is also expected

to interact with top leaders of

the United Arab Emirates.

8 1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019 ASIA


Indian Army to help strengthen

Maldivian security forces

Tourists must pay

$1,000 to enter

‘Dragon Island’

Jakarta, The Indonesian island of Komodo, home to the

Komodo dragon, will not be closed to tourists next year as it previously

planned, but a $1,000 membership scheme will be introduced,

authorities said on Tuesday.

It reverses a July announcement that the island would close in

January 2020 to protect the dragons and their habitat, the BBC

reported. It was due to re-open after a year, but on Monday, the

Ministry of Environment and the region’s Governor, Viktor

Bungtilu Laiskodat agreed that that the island would not close, and

that a membership system will now be introduced, at a cost of

$1,000. Currently, tourists pay around $10 to enter the island.

State news agency Antara said there would be two membership

levels. Premium members will be allowed to visit Komodo island,

while non-premium members will be able to visit other islands in

the Komodo national park, where dragons also live.

Marius Jelamu, spokesman for Laiskodat, told the BBC that

precise details were still being worked out.

In July, the Governor said the island needed to be closed to stop

tourism from interfering in the mating and hatching processes of

the komodo dragon population. Last year, 176,000 people visited

Komodo, up from 44,000 people in 2008. Komodo dragons are the

world’s largest lizards. They can grow up to 3 metres long and

have razor-sharp teeth and a poisonous bite. Most of them –

around 1,700 – live on Komodo Island, and around 1,000 more

live on Rinca, another island in the national park. The national

park as a whole is a Unesco World Heritage site.

New Delhi : Indian Army Chief General Bipin

Rawat on Tuesday handed over some transport

vehicles to the Maldivian National Defence Force

(MNDF) as part of India’s efforts to boost the

operational capacities of the island nation amidst

Chinese moves to gain influence there.

“Talks are underway to hand over different

types of weapons and ammunition to the Maldives

army. Assistance will also be given to Maldives to

set up an engineering workshop and a diagnostic

set-up for the vehicles and other equipment that

have been given on Tuesday,” a senior army officer

told IANS.

Rawat, who is on a five-day visit to the country

since September 29, has met Maldives Defence

Minister Mariya Ahmed Didi, MNDF Chief

Major General Abdulla Shamaal and MNDF Vice

Chief Brigadier General Abdul Raheem Abdulla.

Discussions during the meeting “revolved

around the assistance that India’s military could

provide in order to boost the training and operational

capabilities of the archipelago nation,” a

Maldivian English daily reported quoting the


Following the meeting, Abdulla Shamaal

tweeted: “Highly privileged to meet Gen. Bipin

Rawat, COAS India and discuss further intensifying

our multi-faceted military-to-military relationship.

Some of our key focus areas have been

building MNDF’s operational capacity and broader

training of our personnel.”

The strategic importance of Maldives for India

can be gauged from the fact that India has taken

upon itself to conduct its air and EEZ surveillance.

India has supplied helicopters and surveillance

equipment to Maldives in the past.

In view of the special importance, Prime

Minister Narendra Modi had paid a visit to

Maldives in June this year, his first foreign visit

after being re-elected.

Modi and Maldivian President Ibrahim

Mohamed Solih had jointly commissioned a

Coastal Surveillance Radar System built in India

during the visit.

There have been reports about China trying to

exert political influence over Maldives in order to

secure its geopolitical interest in the Indian

Ocean. China has reportedly invested billions of

dollars in the archipelago nation during the rule of

former Maldivian leader Abdulla Yameen.

Yameen, who was elected as President in 2013,

imposed an emergency upon the country five

years later, taking several political prisoners.

Military assistance was sought from India by the

former democratic leaders of Maldives.

India released a statement saying Maldives

should abide by the rule of law, a position that

threatened cordial relationships between the two

countries. The Maldivian Democratic Party later

recorded a landslide victory in the parliamentary

elections, which were supported by India.

“Maldives can be a very vantage point in the

Indian Ocean region if anyone takes control of it.

It is located just 300 miles from India. Our EEZ is

only 200 miles away from it,” said a former

Indian Navy official.

Monaco to launch

Gandhi stamp

New Delhi, French Riviera microstate

Monaco has announced release of postage

stamps on Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th

birth annivarsary on October 2.

Priced at 2.10 euros, 40,000 stamps will be

on sale from October 2, at the ‘Office des

Timbres’, the ‘Musee des Timbres et des

Monnaies’- the post offices and philatelic

counters of the principality said.

“It will be included, with other values, in

the second part of the philatelic programme

2019 and offered to our subscribers and customers,”

it added.

Earlier in August, Prime Minister

Narendra Modi has released postage stamps

on Mahatma Gandhi to commemorate his

150th birth anniversary in Abu Dhabi in the

presence of Crown Prince Sheikh Mohamed

Bin Zayed Al Nahyan.

This year, India is celebrating the 150th

birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi whose

values of peace, tolerance and sustainability

continue to be relevant and guide the world.

Sonia, Rahul to march in

Delhi to reclaim Gandhi

New Delhi, Amid tussle with the

Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) over

Mahatma Gandhi’s legacy, the Congress

leaders will hold marches across the country

on Wednesday on the occasion of his

150th birth anniversary. Interim Congress

chief Sonia Gandhi and former party

President Rahul Gandhi are set to lead

march in the national capital and General

Secretary Priyanka Gandhi in Lucknow.

“Sonia Gandhi along with Rahul Gandhi

will be marching from the Delhi Pradesh

Congress Committee (DPCC) office on the

Deen Dayal Upadhyay Marg to Rajghat,”

party General Secretary K.C. Venugopal

said in a release.

Sonia Gandhi would also administer

oath to party leaders and workers at

Rajghat to redeem Gandhi, Gandhism and

Gandhi’s India, said Venugopal. In today’s

strife-torn world, Mahatma Gandhi and his

philosophy were more relevant, he added.

He said the ideological anchor of the

nation, as indeed the Congress, Mahatma

Lucknow : The Yogi Adityanath government

has removed two IAS officers

from their posts after they faced CBI raids

in connection with the mining scam.

The two officers, Ajay Kumar Singh and

Pawan Kumar have been put on the waiting

list late on Wednesday. Singh was posted

as secretary in the Khadi and Gramodyog

Department, while Pawan Kumar was special

secretary, Housing and Urban


The two figured among the 12 accused

in the CBI FIR, had allegedly allowed the

Gandhi’s legacy of non-violence, co-existence,

compassion, truth, environmental

sustainability and economic self-reliance

had not only shaped India, but many

nations across the world, he said. In an

apparent jibe at the Bharatiya Janata Party

(BJP), he said, “Some political parties and

disparate ideological proponents seem to

have realised the importance of Gandhiji,

his philosophies and teachings now.”

He said the BJP and it’s government had

renewals of leases in violation of the e-tendering

policy during their tenure as district

done everything “contrary” to the

Gandhian teachings and whatever the

Mahatma stood for. “Barring high sounding

schemes, surrounding orchestrated

events that aim only at electoral benefits,

the very grain of this government is antipoor,

anti-disadvantaged & oppressed,” he

said. He recounted atrocities against the

Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

and deprived people across the country,

and massive loan write-offs and recapitalisation

exercises aimed mainly to benefit

crony corporates.

He also attacked the government over

number of issues, like mob lynching

accused getting bail and rape victims being

jailed and killed, and joblessness.

“However, our government pretends everything

is fine,” he said in an apparent jibe at

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s remarks

made at the Houston in US. He said the

Congress guided by the Gandhian ideals

would take on this oppressive and anti-people


UP CM removes IAS officers named in mining scam

magistrates of Saharanpur, official sources


"It was alleged that during the period

2005- 2015, 13 leases relating to sand mining

in Saharanpur were allotted or granted

to accused lease holders.

"It was further alleged that the leases

were renewed in 2012 and 2015 subsequently

by then district magistrates, in violation

of government orders relating to

allotting the lease deeds through e-tendering

process," a CBI spokesperson said in a


www.theasianindependent.co.uk ASIA 1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019 9

The Peril is Immense

in Modi`s Reign

Having a humble background,

Narendra Modi, no doubt, is a great a

propagandistic, gadfly, dynamo, scold

and swashbuckler. In the history of

India, Narendra Modi is the first Prime

Minister who leaves no stone unturned

to sully and debase the Nehruvian legacy

& dynastic family, no matter national

or international platform. By doing

this eloquently, he is not likely to boost

the image of India but smear it with the

muck of Maoism & Nazism. Shiv

Visanathan, an Indian sociologist has

rightly delineated that “Modi`s nationalism

is about the elimination of opposites,

not accommodation of differences”.

Intellectuals, activists, writers,

speakers, poets & artists are living in an

atmosphere of fear. They are unable to

articulate freely. Modi is like Hitler,

Mao, Stalin, and Napoleon who

crushed all types of opposition to wield

power. The disgusting thing is that all

the BJP leaders including Narendra

Modi from public platforms project

India as it has never existed in the international

realm before they took over the

reign of the government. It is nothing

but simulation & mimetic. Modi and his

aides have shut their eyes permanently

to the history of Indian Diaspora.

Gandhi migrated to South Africa in

1893. Immigration of Indians to

Canada followed by in 1906. Hindus &

other caste people as indentured laborer

migrated to Mauritius, Guiana,

Trinidad, and Britain. Indians who

migrated to different British colonies

during the First World War glorified the

name of the country by achieving a

medal in sports. Many Non-Resident

Indians (NRIs) also including Gandhi

launched cultural and socio-political

movements in the African countries.

Komagata Maru ship was chartered by

a Sikh businessman Gurdit Singh carrying

376 South Asian immigrants

reached Vancouver (Canada) in 1914.

Indian scholars working on Indian diaspora

tell us the tales of honor, glory and

wealth of Non-Resident Indians

(NRIs). Modi needs to read first all

these pieces of literature before

indulging in the ingratiating cacophony.

Modi as a Prime Minister of 130

million Indians has been touring the

world since 2014 till date in the hope

that he would attract foreign investment

for India to boost up the crippling economy

but all in vain. It is also a fact that

Modi is neither an economist nor a

social scientist to understand the declining

socio-economic life standards in

America, Canada, Britain, Europe,

Hong Kong, African, West Asia, and

East Asia because of internal its social,

economic & political disturbances.

India should not be proud of huge population.

The burgeoning population is a

big problem for any country. Claude

Levi Strauss, a French Sociologist

warned: “The only true problem which

is posed for civilization today is that the

demographic population explosion. All

the rest of the evils from which we suffer

flow from it”

Let us have a close peep into the

current social & economic situation of

these nations to which Modi travels

proudly in Air India aircraft having 265

passenger capacity. Yellow Vest movement

in France has shattered the economy

of France. The pro-democracy

movement in Hong Kong since June

2019 has made a deep dent in the economic

structure of the country. A devastating

war killing thousands of civilians

is always on in the West Asian

countries. A recent drone attack in

Saudi Arabia is a pertinent example.

Afghanistan is always in trouble due to

ISIS fightings. Europe has been struggling

with the economy. Britain has

bristled with Brexit problems.

Unemployment rates in all these

nations have been rising. Natural disasters

and calamities in the Western

countries displaced millions of people.

Drug cartels have wreaked the western

societies. The resurgence of divisive

right-wing politicians promoting

nationalism, sovereignty & economic

protectionism has further de-

Globalized the world. If all these

nations are in trouble then where Modi

is looking for investment. Let us pose a

question to Modi and his aides. It is a

common sense that the householder

will safeguard first his or her burning

house and later he or she can think of

doling out some charity.

Modi has no concrete academic credentials

and skillfulness except fancy,

banal rhetorical as to understand that

diplomacy is quid pro quo, not carte

blanche. America, Russia, Britain,

Canada, China, Japan, all these nations

play a level field game to garner maximum

profit from the developing world

by selling their products. The multinational

corporations’ aim is to raise profit

by hook or by crook but not ready to

share economic benefits with the country

from which the corporations draw

huge economic resources. It is unfortunate

that the majority of the people in

India does not know how many bilateral

agreements are signed by Modi during

his visits to foreign countries. A

small but telling example can be drawn

from the case of India-UAE partnership.

When Modi visited the United

Arab Emirates (UAE) in 2015 he

signed MOUs/ agreements for strategic

partnership in several areas. One of the

MOU signed is in the field of Skill

Development. Since 2015 not a single

initiative is taken by Modi & his counterpart

to give impetus to Skill

Development. Most of the MOUs/

Agreements are paper tigers. All relations,

Foucault has argued are relations

of power.

In 70 years of independence, The

External Ministry, Government of India

has never engaged in constructive facilitation

to boost up economic contribution

to the Homeland. Brain Drain is the

biggest problem to face the shortage of

skilled manpower. Modi` s new mantra

of Brain Gainer as enunciated in

Houston, US, is shallow. A study done

by Dr. Saroj Rani in the United States

on International Labour migration of

Indian Diaspora in 2017 concludes that

‘ not a single academicians, businessman,

high profile of Indian origin

working in the United States expressed

willingness to come back to India and

serve the homeland’.

International migration is economic

migration. Several studies show that

children settled abroad come to sell the

property of their parents after their

death and go back to their respective

host countries. On inquiry, we come to

know that they do not want to stay back

in their ancestral lands. There are reasons

but prominent is corruption in

bureaucracy & judiciary; political indeterminacy,

social unrest, Mandir-

Masjid issues, lynching,

snatching, killing of elderly

people. Lack of proper

infrastructure & vicious

dirty political atmosphere

in the government

Ministries & departments

also prevents them from

coming back to their

homeland. Some of the

people belonging to the

lower castes assert that

Brahmins of India practice

hierarchical prejudice

and exclusion when they

return back which they

hardly experience in the

western countries. A recent statement

made by Santosh Gangwar, BJP

Independent State Minister for Labour

& Employment stirred the honest nest

that North Indians lack skills to acquire

jobs. This reflects the truth. Let us ask

Modi why he has established Ministry

of Skill Development &

Entrepreneurship if this Ministry can

skill youths. Western technology has

advanced further. India`s Research and

Development (R&D) is in a pathetic

condition. Will Modi make India a

Super Power by skilling people in hairdressing,

beautician, and mason work


– Dr. Rahul Kumar, Ph.D.

As a journalist, I got

an opportunity to attend

the 46th AIMA National


Convention 2019 in

New Delhi. Ravi

Shankar Prasad, current

Union Minister holding

the Law & Justice,

Communications, and

Electronics &

Information Technology

were one of the key

speakers at the event.

Mr.Prasad in his speech

told that “When he went

to his dentist recently he

enquired from the dentist

about the needle and

the dental chair. He further

asked the dentist

who manufactures these

items in India. The dentist

told Mr. Prasad no

sir all these items are imported and we

manufacture none of them”. India is

still far behind America, China, Japan,

and Britain in smart technology. From

Metro train to X-rays machines India is

importing. This is New India of Modi.

As everyone knows that the colonial

British government had left some of the

vices of bureaucracy, slavish mentality

in the blood of Indians. Modi is a slave

ship on which helot, meek, sycophants,

flunkey, sheep followers, sacrilegious

& contaminated people are on board.

The slavish mentality is perceptible in

the cabinet Ministers of Modi. Every

sensible man will feel ashamed to know

that almost all the cabinet Ministers in

the Modi government repeats Modi

name in their rambling speeches at private

or public functions. One can find

that every cabinet Minister from the

dais will shower praise on Modi`s

visionary outlook. They behave as if

they have no brain to

think. A culture of savage

mentality has

become a disease, a virus

in the Indian government.

The majority of the

cabinet Ministers in fear

are a slave to Modi`s

shrewd & wily mind.

Such slavish mentality

and servility have given

unprecedented political

power to Modi. The

result is that Modi thinks

he is the supreme leader

and nobody in the government

or in the BJP

can dare to raise an accusing finger

against him. Not a single cabinet minister

in the government has thought of

stopping Modi from wasting taxpayer

money on foreign trips. Not a single

cabinet minister in the government has

thought of asking Modi how much he

has invested and how much he has

received from the countries he visited

last. What a tragedy for the frigid

Indians who are struggling day and

night to meet both ends.

Lukewarm Modi is least bothered

about trade and industry sinking in

India. Fastidious and swagger Modi is

least bothered about bestialities being

committed on the Dalits, Muslims,

Christians in India. The concentration

of political power in the hands of a single

party tends to crush the opposites.

The litany is that the BJP/RSS since

2014 has been shamelessly exploiting

the wave of popular disturbance. Modi

and his aides have caused severe damage

to public institutions. Before Modi

came to power all Brahmins of India

were clamoring from the scaffold that

Merit should be the sole criteria for

selection in the government jobs but

now almost all appointments are made

in public or private institutions by favor

through RSS Nagpur headquarters.

Saffron clad Brahmins priests (Babas)

are committing rapes under the nose of

Modi government. In rural India,

Saffron clad Brahmins priests are

usurping the land of the marginalized

farmers under the Modi government to

establish their academic institutions &

factories. Vermin Brahmins patronized

and protected by the elite Brahmins are

plundering the treasure of the country

and running to the foreign lands. Vijay

Mallya, Nirav Modi & many smalltime

plunderers have looted the country

and fled. And many more in the

pipeline to flee the country.

Creativity & innovation has been

hampered by curtailing public funds.

Half of the population of the country is

fighting court cases in various lower

and higher courts. In Modi reign, everything

is settled through courts including

the results of SSC examination. Modi

and his aides have been inflicting egregious

brutal castigations on the people

in India. See the case of Kashmir. Once

paradise Kashmir has been turned into

hell by Modi by abrogating articles 370

& 35A. Due to abrogation of 370 &

35A Pakistan has already inflicted a

hefty financial loss to India by closing

air space for overflights Pakistan airspace.

Is this Sab Ka Saat Sab Ka

Vikas? Modi and his aides have no

respect for the constitution of India.

Liberty, Equality, Freedom, the ideals

of the Indian constitution are ruthlessly

trampled upon by Modi & his aides. Let

us not forget unless social peace is preserved

in India no foreign investment

will come& stay back in the country.

We cannot call the business of

Franchise a foreign investment for


Nowadays it has become de rigueur

among the Ministers and leaders of the

BJP to glorify the highest eight civilian

awards conferred on Modi by some

countries. But one thing is clear Modi

will never be equal to Dr. Manmohan

Singh, a great consummate economist,

in terms of intelligence and acumen.

Modi having the blood of Gujarat carnage

on his palm will never become a

Nelson Mandela of India. Today, he is

cursing Nehru`s sluggish legacy the day

is not far off when the people of India

will repeat the same history and curse

day and night the reign of Modi.

– Dr. Rahul Kumar, Ph.D.

Dr. Rahul Kumar, Ph.D. Jawaharlal

Nehru University, Delhi. India. He is an

independent researcher and senior

media columnist. He is working currently

with the “The Asian Independent

UK” newspaper as a Bureau Chief.

His book on “Elderly Punjabis in

Indian Diaspora” traces trajectories of

Elderly Punjabi migration to U.K. He is

a member of the Editorial Committee of

Global Research Forum for Diaspora

and Transnationalism (GRFDT) New

Delhi. India. The views expressed by

the author in this article are personal

and does not necessarily reflect the official

policy of the paper.

10 1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019 ASIA


From must-haves to family favourites,

Asda has everything you need this Diwali

With the festive season around the

corner, it’s time again for families

across the UK to get together for delicious

feasts, fun-filled parties and traditional


This way, the next generation gets a

better understanding of the festivities,

customs and rituals. Year after year,

the Diwali offers at Asda keep getting

better! Taking away the stress of planning,

there is an exciting range of

brands and products available, all

under one roof with amazing deals and


Since Diwali is celebrated with

equal fervour by all, what makes it so

special is how it brings different people


From all over the Indian sub-continent,

people from various culinary

backgrounds unite to put their best

‘food’ forward. This year, Asda is

celebrating this richness of food cultures

by doing something very special.

ASDA has teamed up with three food

influencers from diverse backgrounds

who celebrate their Diwali rituals in

their own traditional way, to inspire

and motivate the food lover inside

each one of us!

Anjali Bhanot


Madhurima – @Kitchenmai

Having lived in Mumbai and London, Madhurima

has adapted her style of

cooking for global living

but her true love for

Indian food is still profound

and deep. For the

festive season,

Madhurima has shared

two dishes, without

which her Diwali menu is

incomplete. In Bengali

culture, festivities begin

much before Diwali and

this gives ample time to

make sweet and savoury

delicacies for the family. “Semolina, a versatile

ingredient which I usually add to savouries for

crunchiness – be it the cutlets, the fritters or croquettes

and it is also the base of many sweet meats,

my favourite being the Rava Laddoos. I can’t resist a

Diwali without Rava Laddoos, I have already started

making for all my friends and family. Stocking up

semolina has become a must for every occasion as

there’s so much I can do with it. “

Another ingredient which Madhurima loves to

include in her Diwali cooking is dals, her favourite

being the humble Chana Dal which goes into Chana

Dal Puris, Chana Dal fritters and the Bengali Cholar

Dal. In Bengali cooking, Chana Dal is cooked with

coconut and spices and it’s a staple for all Bengali


SC sets aside its

2018 verdict on


New Delhi, The

Supreme Court on

Tuesday set aside its

judgement which introduced

measures like

prior inquiry before the

arrest of an accused

under Scheduled Castes

and Scheduled Tribes

(Prevention of Atrocities

Act), 1989. The apex court observed that no

such directions should have been passed.

The court recalled directions which mandated

prior sanction for arrest of public servants

and private persons. The court also

recalled the requirement of preliminary

enquiry before registering FIR.

Nitisha Patel – @Chef_nitisha

A champion of Indian cuisine, Nitisha strongly believes in innovative cooking

but when it comes to festivities, she

chooses to keep it traditional. A young

Gujarati, living with her parents in

Wolverhampton, Nitisha has already published

her first book – My Modern Indian


For Nitisha, Diwali is about her childhood

rituals and all those dishes that bring

back those memories. In her list for Diwali

must-haves, you will find a range of ingredients

like nuts, spices, Basmati rice and


Her absolute favourites are cans of

chickpeas, kala chana and kidney beans.

She believes that with these three in her

kitchen, she can create her family’s

favourite Diwali meals effortlessly. “With

so much going on during Diwali, I prefer

using the canned beans and peas as it

makes the cooking process quicker and it’s

so convenient to dish up a fancy meal

without spending hours in the kitchen.

Kala chana masala with rotis are loved by

the whole family and I can remember

feasting on it as my fondest childhood


Take inspiration from Nitisha and try

great recipes at home with KTC Red kidney

beans (3 for £1) at Asda.

Tejashwi targets Nitish for waterlogged Patna

Patna : Rashtriya Janata Dal

(RJD) leader Tejashwi Yadav,

here on Monday, took on Bihar

Chief Minister Nitish Kumar for

the flood-like situation in the

state capital after the recent

downpour. Bihar was suffering

from not a natural disaster, but

the Nitish government-made

calamity, he said and added, “We

can say one-man invited calamity.”

“After (mis)rule of 14 years

can a Chief Minister, worth any

shame, blame weather for complete

absence of drainage system,”

Tejashwi said.

Tejasywi also demanded a white

paper on expenditures made in the last

15 years in the name of urban development,

sewerage system, drainage infrastructure

& disaster management.

Criticising the ruling ally Bharatiya

Janata Party (BJP), Tejashwi said, “The

mayor of Patna, all 5 MLAs and 5 MPs

(2 Lok Sabha and 3 Rajya Sabha)

of/from Patna for the last 15 years are

from the BJP. Whom it will blame for

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the situation in Patna.”

Stating that it’s Nitishled

NDA government since

the last 15 years in Bihar,”

the leader of Opposition

said, “Now Nitish Kumar

and Deputy Chief Minister

Sushil Modi must blame

Mughals, Nehru, Lalu,

weather, nature & nakshtra

for water logging and their


“As always he is blaming

weather, nature, nakshtra

and opposition for his

failure of 15 years,” he said. Earlier

Tejashwi said, sufferings and pain of

people of Patna was the result of neglect

by the NDA government, which

had been busy only abusing opposition

and doing nothing.

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The Houston event is over.

Cheerleaders are still debating the outcome

of it and how it has ‘influenced’

America that no other Indian PM could

have done so. Of-course, when the

leader of the House of Representative

spoke about the vision of India that has

a shared understanding with that of

America, of a liberal, plural and secular

society based on the ideals of Gandhi as

espoused by Nehru and quoted Nehru’s

famous Tryst with Destiny speech, the

cheerleaders were shocked. The face of

the Supreme leader watching the

American leader speaking so eloquently

about idea of India as espoused by

Gandhi and Nehru, the Supreme leader

was in complete shock.

Anyway, the bhakts were there in

huge number and the entire event was

sponsored by the big corporate of the

United States who will squeeze much

bigger profit from India than what they

invested in this event. The problem

with the short sighted approach is that

they do not accept that India was not

built in a day. Just a look at the videos

of those years, a when India was just a

new nation, independent from colonial

power and did not have these NRIs to

influence, Nehru had already impressed

the world leaders.

One could see President Kennedy

receiving Prime Minister Jawahar Lal

Nehru at the airport unlike the junior

Minister or Foreign Ministry officials

who do this work today. The rousing

reception to Nehru in the White House

as well as as in the American Congress

showed how America looked at India

those years which could be called formative

years of Indian democracy. Every

political leader has weaknesses and definitely

Nehru can not be called as

blameless but to vilify him all the time

and attempt to obliterate his memory

will boomerang. The International audience

will remind us of the great work

that they did which differentiated India


Reading from the Houston

Show of Narendra Modi

from all those countries

where the powerful

heroes of anti colonial

struggle became dictatorial

and took benefit of their

unprecedented popularity.

Nehru could have done

that by the middle of

fifties when all his contemporaries

had gone. But

despite that if he ensured

that we remain a liberal

secular democracy then

the credit must go to him.

Yesterday’s event was also marked

an unprofessional way, I would say.

Donald Trump or any Western leader

during the time of political campaign

would love to use the platform for their

political benefit. We are sure,

American Indian are different than the

Hindu Americans who have now

become the most vulgar face of the

Hindutva’s hate campaign and

Islalmophobia world over. Using the

Kashmiri Pandit bogey, if the establishment

want to justify of what they

have done in Kashmir valley then it

wont work. After jailing all the political

leaders of the valley, the Supreme

leaders want to tell us that they know

what is good for ‘Kashmir’ without

speaking to Kashmiris. Yes, they can

now say that a few disgruntled

Bollywood directors and actors are

Kashmiris who have already joined the

cheerleaders of the saffron brigade.

Now, the political immaturity was at

its best to seek vote for President

Trump. How can a sitting prime minister

do that in another country.

Diplomatically, it is wrong and send

absolutely wrong signal but then

Americans are still a far superior

democracy than us and they will look at

it. In case of the defeat of Donald

Trump, it would become much more

difficult for our foreign Ministry to justify

such acts.

And how can Indian American support

such a leader who is anti immigrant

and who is calling America for

Americans’ basically a slogan of white

supremacists. But it look that these

By Vidya Bhushan Rawat

social and human rights activist

worshipers of Donald Trump feel that

they would be safe because Trump is

actually targeting the Muslims and not

the Hindus. Let us hope how it goes.

Yesterday, an American NRI tweeted

that why are the left liberals hating

them. It was a big joke, why should we

hate any one. Hatred is in their minds

who want the best of liberal

democracy in the west,

enjoy their liberalism,

minority rights, human

rights, diversity but back

home want to support a

regressive regime. Also,

this love for India is nothing

because they only want

to enjoy weakening rupee

and invest in property market

so that time and again

they can colonise this country

by living in their safe

heavens of the West. None of them

would ever want to leave United States,

Canada or Europe to settle in the dirty

lanes of Varanasi to get ‘spiritual’ satisfaction.

Their spiritual satisfaction is

not possible without a green card or an

American passport.

It is the duty of all Indians who

enjoy the liberal democracies of the

west to support and promote those liberal

values of tolerance , embrace

equality and treat

human being as

equal but do they do

it. No, Indians and

particularly these

bhakt variety take

their caste along with

them. So caste has

traveled to America, Canada, UK, we

well as in Africa. Gujaratis, Punjabis,

Bengalis, North Indians, Tamils,

Telugus, Malayalis all have one common

quality and that is they love their

castes too much, There has been no

attempt to remove that. In fact, the

1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019


modern day Hindu intellectuals in the

west have used the western liberalism

for hiding the dirty facts about caste

system and blamed it on the colonial

power though many of their ‘intellectuals’

in India blame it on Mughal rule as

if Manu-Smriti was written or prescribed

by them.

After the Houston show of strength,

President Trump has again spoken of

Narendra Modi’s ‘aggressive’ tone and

would be happy to be ‘mediator’ if

both India and Pakistan want it. The

fact is Kashmir issue has been internationalised

otherwise there was no need

to speak about it at the international

gatherings but when we speak it in

Jumlebazi then it wont work in longer

term. Not every one globally will take

these whatsapp gyan and challenges as

seriously as the bhakts think off. I can

say firmly that American

Establishment want to intervene in

Kashmir and it will be difficult to keep

aside their pressure.

It is time for government to focus on

good governance whether in India or

Kashmir. All slogans and claims on

Kashmir will be just of no value if the

political leadership of the state is not

taken into confidence and government

show and this restrictions are lifted. It

will be a hugely difficult task and if the

government think they can develop the

new leadership by discrediting the current

political leadership then that model

too will fail. The solution to all these

issues will ultimately come from political

negotiations in which both the sides

will have to show flexibility and should

have faith in it. As it is the government

which acted unilaterally on Kashmir, the

onus is on it to start the peace process.

Vidya Bhushan Rawat is a social

and human rights activist. He blogs

at www.manukhsi.blogspot.com

twitter @freetohumanity

Email: vbrawat@gmail.com


Chandigarh, As Punjab gears up for

the mega celebration of the 550th birth

anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev, Punjab

Chief Minister Amarinder Singh on

Monday sought more flights to Amritsar

from countries with a strong Punjabi population,

even as he approved the schedule

of activities being organised to mark the

historic event.

The Chief Minister has written to

Union Minister of State for Civil Aviation

Hardeep Singh Puri, urging him to prevail

upon international airline operators,

including Air India, to schedule more special

international flights to Amritsar, in

order to facilitate ‘Khule Darshan Didar’

during the historic occasion. Amarinder

Singh, in his letter, said that more flights

from countries like the UK, Canada, the

US, Germany, besides Italy, Australia and

New Zealand, during the celebrations,

would facilitate devotees from across the

globe to visit and pay obeisance at

Sultanpur Lodhi and Dera Baba Nanak,

amongst other religious places in the state.

Pointing to the massive enthusiasm

amongst the Punjabi diaspora for the

Prakash Purb, to be celebrated on

November 12, the Chief Minister said:

“We all are blessed to be witnessing

this momentous

occasion in our lifetimes.”

The state and its people were

all geared up to celebrate the

iconic moment in a befitting

manner to commemorate the

memory of Guru Nanak Dev,

the Chief Minister said,

adding that elaborate programmes, as well

as infrastructural and development projects

dedicated to Guru Sahib’s memory,

had been planned for the occasion.

Meanwhile, an international conference on

Guru Nanak’s philosophy of

peace, harmony and human

happiness would be organised

on November 7 in

Chandigarh. The foundation

stone of the National Institute

of Inter-Faith Studies at Guru

Nanak Dev University in

Amritsar would be laid on

November 8, with an Ik-Noor Inter Faith

conclave. The Guru Nanak Dev Ji Utsav at

Dera Baba Nanak would also be inaugurated

on the same day, followed by a light

and sound show, the Guru Nanak

Literature Festival, the Guru Nanak Art

Festival, the Guru Nanak Kavi Darbar in

all Indian languages, the Guru Nanak

Theatre Festival and Guru Nanak Film

Festival. After the proposed opening of the

Kartarpur Corridor on November 9, the

Chief Minister would felicitate 550 prominent

personalities from all walks of life at

Guru Nanak Dev Auditorium in

Kapurthala, according to an official

spokesperson. The Guru Nanak Literature

Festival and other major events would be

held at Dera Baba Nanak on November 10.

On kanshi TV

channel 772.


6 :00 pm


6 :00 pm

Ambedkarites News and Views



Mob : 07411 251 804, 07847 307 059

12 1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019 BUSINESS


Production up, but garlic prices


New Delhi, Garlic prices jumped

up to 40 per cent in the last one month

even after production of this crop was

76 per cent higher than the previous


On Monday, garlic price in Delhi

was Rs 200 per kilogram. Meanwhile

in Rajasthan’s Kota the wholesale

price of the best quality garlic was Rs

17,000 per quintal, meaning Rs 170

per kilogram.

In Madhya Pradesh’s Neemuch,

another key market for the crop, garlic

was sold at Rs 8,000-Rs 16,000 per

quintal on Monday. Traders said that

prices of special quality garlic were

hitting more than Rs 20,000 per quintal.

“Presently, 15,000 bags (50 kg in

each) of garlic are coming in the

Neemuch market every day and the

maximum demand is from South

India. In the past one month garlic

prices have soared to Rs 5,000 per

quintal,” said Piyush Goyal, a trader at

Neemuch market.

Goyal said the fields are waterlogged

after the recent rains that may

delay the sowing of the crop. This is

the reason behind the increasing


Uttam Chand, a trader from

Rajasthan, said: “The stocked garlic

was rotten due to moisture after the

rains. Now, there is less stock which is

the main reason behind rising prices”.

The prices of onions and tomatoes

went up drastically in the last few days

due to heavy rains. The onion price in

Delhi’s retail market is still touching

Rs 50 per kg while tomato is being

sold at Rs 40 per kg. Traders said the

late rains will delay sowing. In this situation

people will have to depend on

stocks till the next crop comes.

The lesser incoming in the markets

may shoot up the prices, a trader said.

According to the Agriculture

Ministry statistics for forestry crops’

estimated production, garlic production

is 28.36 lakh tonnes in 2018-19

while last year it was 16.11 lakh

tonnes. It means the garlic production

is 76 per cent extra this year.

India is among the biggest producers

of garlic in the world while China

tops the list.

August’s industrial output falls,

first since April 2019

New Delhi, The output of India’s eight major industries contracted


August – for

the first time

since April –

by 0.5 per cent

from a growth

of 2.7 per cent

in July and 4.7

per cent in the

same month

last year.

The eight

core industries – coal, crude oil, natural gas, refinery products,

fertilisers, steel, cement and electricity – comprise 40.27 per

cent of the weight of items included in the index of industrial

production (IIP). As per the data furnished by the Ministry of

Commerce & Industry, the cumulative growth in April-August

period of FY20 was 2.4 per cent compared with 5.7 per cent

reported for the same period of the last financial year. On a sector-specific

basis, the refinery output, which has the highest

weightage of 28.03, rose by 2.6 per cent in August compared

with the same month of the last financial year. However, electricity

generation, which has the second highest weightage of

19.85, contracted by 2.9 per cent. Steel production, the third

most important component with a weightage of 17.91, was up 5

per cent during the month under review, while coal mined, with

a 10.33 weightage, was down by 8.6 per cent.

Extraction of crude oil, which has a weightage of 8.98,

declined by 5.4 per cent during the month. The sub-index for

natural gas output with a weightage of 6.87 edged lower 3.9 per

cent. Furthermore, cement output, which has a weightage of

5.37, decreased by 4.9 per cent, whereas fertiliser production,

which has the least weightage of 2.62, increased 2.9 per cent in


“This is first contraction in core infrastructure output since

April 2019, suggesting the weak demand conditions. All eyes

are on festival demand to push industrial growth,” said

Devendra Kumar Pant, Chief Economist and Senior Director,

Public Finance, India Ratings & Research (Fitch Group).

“The MPC will take note of weak demand, falling growth and

low inflation in its monetary policy review on October 4, 2019.

Ind-Ra expects a rate cut in October monetary policy review,

however, the extent of cut could depend on the assessment of

growth impact of policy measures announced by the government

in past few weeks.” ICRA Principal Economist Aditi Nayar said:

“The performance of the core sectors in August 2019 was disappointingly

weak, with a broad-based deterioration in six of the

eight constituents and as many as five sectors recording a YoY

contraction in that month.”

“However, the turnaround in refinery products, which is the

largest constituent of the core sector, and a small uptick in the

growth of fertilisers prevented a deeper contraction in the

growth of the core sectors in August 2019,” she added.

India’s June quarter external

debt rises to over $557 bn

Mumbai, India’s external debt for the

quarter-ended June 2019 rose to $557.4 billion,

from $543.3 billion during the previous

quarter and $513.1 billion in the yearago


According to the Reserve Bank of

India’s external debt statistics released with

a lag of one quarter, the country’s debt witnessed

an increase of 2.6 per cent over its

level at end-March 2019, primarily on

account of an increase in commercial borrowings,

non-resident deposits and shortterm

trade credit.

“The increase in external debt was also

contributed by valuation losses resulting

from the depreciation of the US dollar

against Indian rupee and other major currencies,”

the RBI said in a statement.

“The external debt to GDP ratio

remained at 19.8 per cent at end-June 2019,

the same as its level at end-March 2019.”

As per the data, valuation losses due to

the depreciation of the US dollar vis-a-vis

Indian rupee and other major currencies

were placed at $1.7 billion. Besides, commercial

borrowings remained the largest

IRCTC ofers attractive

prospects going forward

It was yet another week of gains with

BSE Sensex up 807.65 points or 2.12 per

cent to close at 38,822.57 points, while the

Nifty gained 238.20 points or 2.11 per cent

to close at 11,512.40 points. Broader markets

saw BSE 100, BSE 200 and BSE 500

gain 1.84 per cent, 1.80 per cent and 1.75

per cent, respectively. The BSE midcap

was up 1.03 per cent while the BSE smallcap

was up 0.97 per cent.

The Indian rupee recovered lost ground

and gained 37 paisa or 0.52 per cent to close

at Rs 70.57 to the US dollar. Dow Jones lost

some ground and was down 114.82 points

or 0.43 per cent to close at 26,820.25 points.

The US-China trade war seems to be never

ending and becoming a cause of concern. In

the latest round, the US wants Chinese

companies to stop trading on US exchanges.

The September futures expired with a major

victory for bulls. The series ended at

11571.20 points, a gain of 622.90 points or

5.69 per cent. Exactly a week before expiry,

the low of the day on the Nifty was 10,670,

a loss of about 280 points for the series. It

effectively means that the Nifty has gained

900 points in five trading sessions. The

week ahead will see a trading holiday on

October 2 on the occasion of the 150th birth

anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. This will

be followed by the RBI meet, which is

widely expected to cut interest rates during

its meeting on Friday, October 4. The week

sees IRCTC (Indian Railways Catering and

Tourism Corporation) tapping the capital

markets with its offer for sale of

2,01,60,000 equity shares in a price band of

Rs 315-320 per share.

component of external debt, with a share of

38.4 per cent, followed by non-resident

deposits (24 per cent) and short-term trade

credit (18.7 per cent).

One held in TN for

Rs 35 cr GST evasion

Chennai, One person has been arrested

in Tamil Nadu for Rs 35 crore tax evasion,

according to a Central Excise Department

statement here on Monday. The person

belonged to Ambur, a hub of leather

industries, in the Vellore district.

According to the statement, the person

and his accomplices had floated around

35 shell companies and had taken

GST registration misusing KYC (know

your customer) documents of several individuals.

It was done to receive and issue tax

invoice worth Rs 250 crore without any

actual receipt or supply of goods.

They issued fraudulent receipts, passing

on the Rs 35 crore input tax credit

along the supply chain. As a result, several

manufacturers and service providers

evaded GST, which would have accrued

to the exchequer.


NEW DELHI : With examinations just around

the corner, along with a proper study schedule,

it's time to pay more attention to what you eat.

Ambika Tyagi, nutritionist at Gurugram-based

Healthy Souls, shares tips on how you could

maintain a healthy diet while preparing for the


* Instead of having a traditional breakfast, lunch

and dinner, eat five or six light meals to

increase concentration level. A large meal will

slow you down physically and mentally as the

process of breaking down and digestion of a

large meal takes time.

* Some food items should be avoided before or

during exams as they are brain blocking

foods. Cookies, cakes, and muffins require

added time and energy to digest, food high in

refined sugar, such as chocolates, desserts,

and sweets, carbohydrates such as rice or

potatoes can make you feel heavy and sleepy.

* Drink enough water before and during your

exam. Dehydration can make you lose your

concentration and lowers your energy.

* Eat brain-boosting food. Protein-rich foods that

help in mental alertness are eggs, nuts, yogurt,

cottage cheese. For breakfast, take almonds,

walnuts, raisins, orange, banana whole-grain

cereal with low-fat milk, toast with jam, porridge,

oatmeal, or sugar-free muesli.

* Avoid consuming outside food until the end of

your exams, junk and oily food slows down

your body.

* Plan a diet rich in omega-3 fats which are

heart-protective and play an important role in

memory, concentration, and calm depression.

Sources of omega-3 fats in the diet are oily

fish like salmon, tuna, seeds like flax, chia,

melon seeds and sunflower.

Bonus tip: Many students have the habit of

studying late at night, wishing to pack more

information into their already drained brains,

stop studying the night before your exam.


1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019

Tips on how your diet can help you excel in exams


1,000 Indore students form biggest ‘human

capsule’, set world record, here’s why

INDORE : A thousand pharma students

formed a giant 'human capsule' in

order to spread awareness about generic

medicines and promote 'Healthy India'

campaign launched by Prime Minister

Narendra Modi. Marking the World

Pharmacist Day on September 25, the

biggest 'human capsule' made by the students

of Modern Institute of

Pharmaceutical Sciences led by Dr

Puneet Dwivedi is claimed to have been

recorded in the Guinness Book of World

Records. Earlier, Dr Jayanarayanji and

Calicut Institutions led 438 people in

Kannur, Kerala to set the record on

March 8, 2018. Out of 1,000 students,

500 were in blue while other 500 were in

white and they stood in such a way that it

depicted a giant medication capsule.

Dr Dwivedi claims that this is a new

record. Dr Pradeep Mishra and Tithi

Bhalla from the India team and Dr

Diwakar Sukul, the US representative of

Guinness Book of World Records were

also present during the occasion.

Dr Dwivedi also gave necessary information

of the generic medicines to the

students. He said that it is important to

make people aware that the generic medicines

of branded companies cost more

while medicine with same formula of a

less known company costs less, hence the

doctors and chemists sell medicines of

branded companies to earn higher profits.

So it is important for people to understand

that the generic medicines are

same, and the only thing which differs is

the company.

Tap water samples

from 11 parts of Delhi

fail parameters

New Delhi, The Bureau of Indian

Standards (BIS), which comes under

the Food and Consumer Affairs

Ministry, has found in its preliminary

report that

tap water


from 11 different


of Delhi

have failed

on 24 varying



from different

parts of

Delhi were

complaining about the quality of tap

water and its potability. The BIS

action comes in the wake of this.

The preliminary report has reportedly

been filed with the Food and

Consumer Affairs Ministry.

Ministry sources added that the

scope of this finding will be enlarged.

BIS sources revealed to IANS that

in the second

stage, micronutrients


the water

will be tested

at its lab. The

final report

will come

out within a

month after

the third

stage of testing

of water

samples to be conducted at a Mumbai

lab. The Delhi Jal Board comes

directly under the Delhi government

with Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal

as its Chairman.

14 drinks a week may put older adults at dementia risk

NEW YORK: If you drink nearly

14 drinks per week (2 drinks per day)

and already suffer from mild cognitive

impairment (MCI), you may be at a

higher risk of developing dementia than

those who enjoy drink a week, say

researchers. According to researchers

from Harvard University’s T.H. Chan

School of Public Health, among those

adults with MCI, the risk of dementia

according to numbers of alcoholic

drinks per week wasn’t statistically significant,

although it appeared to be

highest for drinking more than 14

drinks per week compared with less

than one drink. In this cohort study of

3,021 participants aged 72 years and

older, alcohol intake within recommended

limits was not significantly

associated with a lower risk of dementia

among participants with or without

mild cognitive impairment at baseline.

Among participants without mild

cognitive impairment, daily low-quantity

drinking was associated with lower

dementia risk compared with infrequent

higher-quantity drinking.

“The findings suggest that physicians

caring for older adults need to

carefully assess the full dimensions of

drinking behaviour and cognition when

providing guidance to patients about

their alcohol consumption,” said the

research led by Manja Koch from T.H.

Chan School of Public Health and published

in the journal JAMA Network

Open. The study analysed 3,021 adults

(72 and older) who were free of dementia

(2,548 were without MCI and 473

with MCI). During about six years of

follow-up, there were 512 cases of

dementia, including 348 cases of

Alzheimer disease. Among those adults

without MCI, no amount of alcohol

consumption was significantly associated

with higher risk for dementia compared

with drinking less than one drink

per week. Given the rapidly growing

burden of Alzheimer disease (AD) and

other dementias, including 50 million

people currently living with dementia

and 82 million expected by 2030, the

identification of factors that prevent or

delay the onset of dementia remains of

paramount concern.

During the study, the participants

reported their frequency of beer, wine,

and liquor consumption in days per

week and their usual number of 12-oz

cans or bottles of beer, 6-oz glasses of

wine, and shots of liquor consumed on

each occasion. “We categorised participants

according to their alcohol consumption

as follows: none, less than 1

drink per week, 1 to 7 drinks per week,

7.1 to 14 drinks per week, and more

than 14 drinks per week,” the authors

wrote. In this study of older adults, the

association of self-reported alcohol

consumption with dementia risk

appeared to cluster into 3 separate

dimensions—baseline cognition, dose

and pattern. “At present, our findings

cannot be directly translated into clinical

recommendations, and these findings

warrant additional studies to confirm

these associations further,” the

authors suggested.

14 1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019 HEALTH


High sugar consumption in childhood

increases risk of adult obesity: Study

WASHINGTON : The high obesity rates

currently observed among adults in the US

may have been due to dietary changes that

took place decades ago, according to a study.

The research, published in the journal

Economics and Human Biology noted that

while many health studies identified sugar as

a major factor in the obesity epidemic, its

consumption in the US began to decline in

the late 1990s, even when the obesity rates

continued to rise well into the 2010s.

The researchers, from the University of

Tennessee (UT) in the US, said that the

changes we see now in adult obesity rates

may have started decades ago with highsugar

diets in childhood, when those grownups

were children.

"While most public health studies focus

on current behaviours and diets, we took a

novel approach and looked at how the diets

we consumed in our childhood affect obesity

levels now that we are adults," said Alex

Bentley, lead researcher of the study from

UT. The researchers noted that In Tennessee

alone, the adult obesity rate more than

tripled, from about 11 per cent in 1990 to

almost 35 per cent in 2016. According to the

researchers, by 2016, nearly 40 percent of all

adults in the US, which was about 93 million

people, were affected by obesity. Excess

sugar consumption, particularly those in

sugar-sweetened beverages, is a well-known

contributor to both childhood and adult obesity,

the researchers said.

"Since the 1970s, many available infant

foods have been extremely high in sugar,"

said Hillary Fouts, coauthor of the study

from UT. Fouts added that sugar consumption

during pregnancy was known to cause

an increase in fat cells in children.

"Up to this point, no studies had explicitly

explored the temporal delay between

increased sugar consumption and rising obesity

rates," said Damian Ruck co-author of

the study. The research team modelled the

surge in US adult obesity since the 1990s as

a measure of the increased excess sugar consumption

observed among children in the

1970s and 1980s.

They tested their model using the national

obesity data collected between 2004 and

1990 by the Centres for Disease Control and

Prevention in the US. The researchers could

also capture how the obesity rates differed

between age groups among children and

teenagers. "Our results suggest that the

dietary habits learned by children 30 or 40

years ago could explain the adult obesity crisis

that emerged years later," said Ruck. The

study noted that before 2000, a large portion

of the sugar increase was from high fructose

corn syrup (HFCS), which quickly become

the main sweetener in soft drinks and a common

ingredient in processed foods after

1970. In 1999, each person in the US consumed

on average around 27 kilogrammes

(Kg) of HFCS per year, and more than 400

calories per day in total excess sugars, the

researchers said. But according to the study,

sugar consumption in the US has declined

since 2000.

Bentley said that 2016 was the peak year

for adult obesity which is one generation

after the peak in excess sugar consumption.

Here are the 4 vitamins you

need to nourish your skin

New Delhi : Vitamins play a crucial role in nourishing the body

and the skin, and their deficiency leads to maladies like dark spots,

redness, wrinkles,

rough patches and

excessive dryness.

Fitness expert and

Vitabiotics Vice

President Rohit

Shelatkar lists the most

important vitamins for

a healthy skin and their


* Vitamin A : Also

called Retinol, this is a

compound which stimulates the production of new skin cells and

actively works to counter acne and signs of ageing like formation

of wrinkles and lines. Vitamin A is found naturally in foods like

carrots, sweet potatoes, eggs, dairy products and spinach.

* Vitamin B3 : Niacinamide or nicotinamide - a form of vitamin

B3 - is among the eight vitamins responsible for maintaining

good health. This is a water-soluble vitamin known for its antiinflammatory

properties, which is used to treat skin ailments like

acne, spots, hyperpigmentation and rosacea - a skin condition characterised

by spreading of redness due to rashes. Chicken breast,

tuna, salmon, peanuts, green peas, mushrooms and potatoes are

some foods rich in vitamin B3.

* Vitamin C : The anti-oxidant properties of vitamin C help

prevent acne and protect the skin from the effects of free radicals

and creation of collagen structures. Taking adequate Vitamin C can

help repair skin and reduce wrinkles. Citrus fruits, strawberries,

tomatoes, mangoes, bell peppers, broccoli and Brussel sprouts are

some sources of vitamin C.

* Vitamin E : Also known as Tocopherol, vitamin E is a powerful

anti-oxidant that protects skin from free radicals. Free radicals

are generated by internal and external factors. Their internal generation

happens when the body converts food into energy, while

externally, the skin gets them through pollution, exposure to UV

rays, and excessive smoking and drinking. Natural sources of

Vitamin E include almonds, hazelnuts, sunflower seeds, olive oil,

spinach, corn and mangoes.

Molecule in immune system

may kill cancer cells

London, Researchers have found a naturally occurring molecule

and a component

of the immune

system that could

successfully target

and kill cancer cells,

according to a


The study, published

in British

Journal of Cancer,

discovered that


protein, a

naturally occurring

molecule produced by immune cells can non-specifically target

cancer cells, make them undergo cell death and through a stress

response pathway make the cancer cells visible to the immune system

to prompt an anti-cancer immune response that would secure

protection against recurrences. “By contrast, the anti-tumour property

of the molecule is selective and not harmful to normal cells. It

is effective against the most aggressive colorectal cancer cells and

a wide range of other cancer cells equally unresponsive to current

therapies,” said study lead author Professor Livio Mallucci from

King’s College London.

“This research presents experimental evidence for a strategy

where the targeting of cancer cells and the stimulation of immunity

combine to prompt immediate and long-term responses against

aggressive cancer,” he said. According to the researchers, major

developments in anti-cancer therapies have taken place over the

last decade, but as only a subset of patients respond to treatments,

there is a need for further development.

Crucially, there is a need to induce the immune system to

ensure long-term protection against the recurrence of cancer.

Current approaches to achieve this involve killing cells by using

chemotherapeutics and other agents which could be harmful and

have uncertain outcomes, the study said. “Translation of the molecule

to the clinic could open a new therapeutic opportunity which

safely combines direct killing of cancer cells and the stimulation

of the immune system against recurrences, a significant step forward

in the management of cancer,” he added.

GREEN tea compound may

help fight 'superbugs': Study

LONDON-A natural antioxidant

commonly found in green

tea may help eliminate antibiotic

resistant bacteria or superbugs,

according to a study.

The study, published in the

Journal of Medical

Microbiology, found that the

antioxidant epigallocatechin

(EGCG) can restore the activity

of aztreonam, an antibiotic commonly

used to treat infections

caused by the bacterial pathogen

Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

P. aeruginosa is associated

with serious respiratory tract

and bloodstream infections and

in recent years has become

resistant to many major classes

of antibiotics, according to the

researchers from the University

of Surrey in the UK.

Currently, a combination of

antibiotics is used to fight P.

aeruginosa. However, these

infections are becoming increasingly

difficult to treat, as resistance

to last line antibiotics is

being observed, researchers

said.To assess the synergy of

EGCG and aztreonam, the team

conducted in-vitro tests to

analyse how they interacted

with the P. aeruginosa, individually

and in combination. The

researchers found that the combination

of aztreonam and

EGCG was significantly more

effective at reducing P. aeruginosa

numbers than either agent

alone. This synergistic activity

was also confirmed in vivo

using Galleria mellonella

(Greater Wax Moth larvae),

with survival rates being significantly

higher in those treated

with the combination than those

treated with EGCG or aztreonam

alone. Minimal to no toxicity

was observed in human skin

cells and in Galleria mellonella

larvae. Researchers believe that

in P. aeruginosa, EGCG may

facilitate increased uptake of

aztreonam by increasing permeability

in the bacteria.

Another potential mechanism

is EGCG's interference with a

biochemical pathway linked to

antibiotic susceptibility.

"Antimicrobial resistance

(AMR) is a serious threat to

global public health. Without

effective antibiotics, the success

of medical treatments will be

compromised," said Jonathan

Betts, Senior Research Fellow at

the University of Surrey.

"We urgently need to develop

novel antibiotics in the fight

against AMR. Natural products

such as EGCG, used in combination

with currently licensed

antibiotics, may be a way of

improving their effectiveness

and clinically useful lifespan,"

Betts said. The World Health

Organization has listed antibiotic

resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa

as a critical threat to

human health, said Professor

Roberto La Ragione, from the

University of Surrey.

"We have shown that we can

successfully eliminate such

threats with the use of natural

products, in combination with

antibiotics already in use"

Ragione said. "Further development

of these alternatives to

antibiotics may allow them to be

used in clinical settings in the

future," he said.



1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019


14 drinks a week may put older


New York, If you drink nearly 14

drinks per week (2 drinks per day) and

already suffer from mild cognitive

impairment (MCI), you may be at a

higher risk of developing dementia

than those who enjoy drink a week,

say researchers.

According to researchers from

Harvard University’s T.H. Chan

School of Public Health, among those

adults with MCI, the risk of dementia

according to numbers of alcoholic

drinks per week wasn’t statistically

significant, although it appeared to be

highest for drinking more than 14

drinks per week compared with less

than one drink.

In this cohort study of 3,021 participants

aged 72 years and older, alcohol

intake within recommended limits was

not significantly associated with a

lower risk of dementia among participants

with or without mild cognitive

impairment at baseline.

Among participants without mild

cognitive impairment, daily low-quantity

drinking was associated with

lower dementia risk compared with

infrequent higher-quantity drinking.

“The findings suggest that physicians

caring for older adults need to

carefully assess the full dimensions of

drinking behaviour and cognition

when providing guidance to patients

about their alcohol consumption,” said

the research led by Manja Koch from

T.H. Chan School of Public Health

and published in the journal JAMA

Network Open. The study analyzed

3,021 adults (72 and older) who were

free of dementia (2,548 were without

MCI and 473 with MCI). During

about six years of follow-up, there

Diabetes remission possible

if 10 per cent body weight

lost within first 5 YEARS

London : People who can reduce

their weight by 10 per cent or more

within the first five years of diagnosis

with type 2 diabetes have the

greatest chance of going into remission,

according to a study which suggests

that it is possible to recover

from the disease without intensive

lifestyle interventions, or

extreme calorie restrictions.

Type 2 diabetes which

affects more than 400 million

people worldwide, increases

the risk of heart disease,

stroke, blindness, and amputations,

the study, published in

the journal Diabetic Medicine,

noted. The researchers,

including those from the

University of Cambridge in

the UK, said that while type 2

diabetes can be managed

through a combination of positive

lifestyle changes and medication, it

was also possible for the patients’

high blood glucose levels to return to

normal if they went through significant

calorie restriction and weight

loss. Studies have established that an

intensive low-calorie diet consisting

of 700 calories daily intake—less

than one cheeseburger—for a period

of 8 weeks was associated with

remission in almost nine out of ten

people recently diagnosed with the

disease, and in half the number of

people with longstanding disease,

the researchers said.

However, they added that there

was little evidence to show whether

the same effect could be achieved by

people undergoing less intensive

interventions, which are more feasible

and potentially scalable to the

wider population.

They studied data from the

ADDITION-Cambridge trial—a

cohort study of 867 people with

newly diagnosed diabetes aged 40

and 69 years recruited from general


The study noted that 257 participants

(30 per cent) were in remission

at a follow-up after five years.

The researchers said that people who

could reduce their weight by 10 per

cent, or more, within the first five

years after diagnosis were more than

twice as likely to go into

remission—compared to

those who maintained the

same weight after the period.

“We’ve known for some

time now that it’s possible

to send diabetes into remission

using fairly drastic

measures such as intensive

weight loss programmes

and extreme calorie restriction,”

said co-author Hajira

Dambha-Miller of the

University of Cambridge.

The interventions, he said, can be

very challenging to individuals and

difficult to achieve.

But the researchers suggested that

it may be possible to lose weight, for

at least five years, with a more modest

weight loss of 10 per cent. “This

will be more motivating and hence

more achievable for many people,”

Dambha-Miller said.

were 512 cases of dementia, including

348 cases of Alzheimer disease.

Among those adults without MCI, no

amount of alcohol consumption was

HOUSTON : The mosquito-borne

deadly dengue virus that infects about

400 million people globally every year—

especially in the tropic and sub-tropic

regions of the world—is undergoing

changes that are helping it evade vaccines

and therapeutics, according to a

study. The research, published in the

journal PLOS Pathogens, notes that one

of the strains of the virus, DENV2 has

smooth spherical surface particles while

growing at the carrier mosquito's physiological

temperature of 29 degrees


According to the researchers including

Professor Pei-Yong Shi from the

University of

Texas Medical

Branch in the US,

the smooth particles

transform into

bumpy ones at the

human physiological


of 37 degrees


This ability to

morph helps the

virus evade the

immune system of

the human host, and understanding the

mechanism behind this transformation is

important for therapeutics and vaccine

development, the researchers mentioned.

"We found that in laboratory-developed

DENV2 strains, mutations in the

virus' E protein caused its transformation

into bumpy particles," said Xin-Ni Lim,

the study's lead author who is from the

significantly associated with higher

risk for dementia compared with

drinking less than one drink per week.

Given the rapidly growing burden of

Alzheimer disease (AD) and other

dementias, including 50 million people

currently living with dementia and

82 million expected by 2030, the identification

of factors that prevent or

delay the onset of dementia remains of

paramount concern.

During the study, the participants

reported their frequency of beer, wine,

and liquor consumption in days per

week and their usual number of 12-oz

cans or bottles of beer, 6-oz glasses of

wine, and shots of liquor consumed on

each occasion.

“We categorized participants

according to their alcohol consumption

as follows: none, less than 1 drink

per week, 1 to 7 drinks per week, 7.1

to 14 drinks per week, and more than

14 drinks per week,” the authors

wrote. In this study of older adults, the

association of self-reported alcohol

consumption with dementia risk

appeared to cluster into 3 separate

dimensions—baseline cognition, dose

and pattern. “At present, our findings

cannot be directly translated into clinical

recommendations, and these findings

warrant additional studies to confirm

these associations further,” the

authors suggested.

'Dengue virus is becoming resistant


Duke-National University of Singapore

Medical School.

The structural changes, the

researchers warned, could cause vaccines

and therapeutics to be ineffective

against the virus. The researchers who

tested four DENV2 strains obtained from

patients said that in contrast to the laboratory-adapted

viruses, the majority of

the clinical strains had smooth surface

structure at 37 degrees Celsius while at

the fever temperature of about 40 degree

Celsius the viruses took on a bumpy surface.

"Our study gives a new direction to

vaccine development and treatment for

dengue disease," said the corresponding

author of the study

Sheemei Lok,

Professor at the


University of

Singapore Medical


Lok said that for

treating patients

before they get

dengue infection,

the vaccines effective

against the

smooth surface

virus should be used. And for patients

displaying fever symptoms, he added

that the strategies effective against the

bumpy surface particles should be implemented.

According to the researchers,

the lab adapted DENV2 may not be a

good model for research since its structure

is different from the clinical strains

isolated from patients.

16 1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019 ENTERTAINMENT


I see myself as a married

man one day : Prabhas


actors are not

Prabhas is considered one of the

most eligible bachelors in the country

and rumours about his dating life

just refuse to die down. And one particular

female actor’s name always

pops up and that is his Baahubali costar

Anushka Shetty. But the 39-

year-old remains unfazed by all the


“Some people just want to know

about my personal relationship. I

think it is all because of our characters.

The rumours just come and go,”

he says. “When Saaho was releasing

people even said that we are looking

for a house together in Los Angeles.

I don’t think much about it as I know

it will go away after a few months.

What can I do but just wait and for it

to die down,” shares the Baahubali


So, does he believe in the institution

of marriage?

“I do absolutely. I see myself

married, I see myself as a husband

one day. At least I hope to see that,”

laughs Prabhas. On the work front,

the actor is taking a break from

action films.

His last three projects -

Baahubali: The Beginning (2015),

Baahubali 2: The Conclusion (2017)

and Saaho- were hardcore action


But now he is getting into the

genre of romantic films

“My next is a love story. So there

is no action at all. And I am happy

doing that. This is a relief for me. I

really wanted to go out of the action

mode for quite some time and do

other things,” the actor says.

Disguised as Navjot Singh

Sidhu, Kapil Sharma takes a

dig at Archna Puran Singh

Chandigarh : ‘Just for fun’, comedian Kapil Sharma disguised

himself as the former permanent–guest Navjot Singh

Sidhu, and shared a funny video about how Archna Puran Singh

“stole his chair”. Donning a blue turban with an orange Kurta

and a blue jacket, Kapil takes a few lines from current guest

Archana, who replaced Sidhu on the comedy show, ‘The Kapil

Sharma Show’, after his controversial exit. Kapil said:

“Mohtarma Archana tumhare liye do line kahna chahta hai: Mera

ladka, mera ladka, main hu uska baap. Bhai meri kursi chheen li

tumne, tumko lagega paap.” He posted it with the caption, “Jus

for #fun guys #navjotsinghsidhu @archanapuransingh #comedy

#fun #laughter #thekapilsharmashow #tkss.”The video went

viral within hours. Several Instagram users praised Kapil for his

witty humour. One user wrote: “Kapil paaji rocks.....thoko taali.”

Another hailed him saying, “Are gajb pajiiii.”

taken seriously’

Every actor wants to be part

of films and Sanjeeda Shaikh is

no different. After working in

television for 14 years, the

actor is now venturing into

Bollywood. Though she did

star in Shoojit Sircar’s film

Shoebite, it never released.

Now, she is

“As an actor, there is a hunger

in me to do more, especially

after being in the industry for

so long. I was thinking what’s

next but God has been kind to

give me this opportunity.

Things happen for a reason, I

feel. I was shooting for a

Punjabi film

looking forward

before zoom-

to Bejoy

ing off to



Taish, for

When I see

which she shot

others from

in London,

UK, recently.

“It is fabulous

to work

with a director

who can guide

you well. I am

thrilled that

this is my

debut Hindi

film. Shoebite

had its destiny, and now this

film has happened at the right

time. I have been acting on TV

for years, but I think, no one

took me seriously. Now, I feel

my time has come. Hopefully,

after this film, people will take

me seriously,” expects

Sanjeeda, who enjoyed doing

workshops for the film.

Though her peers and

friends were making headway

in films, Sanjeeda says she

never felt “left out or wanting”.

the TV industry,


well in life in

films or on

web, I feel

happy, as it

means there

is scope for

others to get

noticed as

well. That is

because TV actors are not usually

taken seriously,” she says,

adding, “I understand why,

because actors are seen on TV

daily and filmmakers might

wonder if the overexposed

actor will work in a film role.

But I am happy that today,

there are so many actors who

have shifted from TV and done

so well in films. Their journey

is inspiring. I am happy to be

doing some great work,” she


Ranveer won’t get dinner because of his

comment on Deepika’s report card post

Actress Deepika Padukone has hilariously

trolled her actor husband Ranveer

Singh on social media for commenting on

her photograph. Deepika on Monday night

took to Instagram, where she shared three

remarks made by her teachers on her

school report. In one image, the remark

mentioned was that the ‘Padmaavat’

actress "must learn to follow instructions."

"Hmmmmm..." wrote Deepika on the side

of the image. Ranveer could not disagree

with the teacher. "Yes, teacher I agree," he

wrote. Replying to her husband, Deepika

said: "You ain't getting dinner tonight."

The ‘Chennai Express’ star's funny

comment itself has garnered 28,415 likes

on Instagram currently.

On the acting front, Deepika will next

be seen in ‘Chhapaak’, where she plays an

acid attack survivor. The film also stars

Vikrant Massey and is slated for release on

January 10, 2020. She will also be seen

sharing screen space with her husband

Ranveer in filmmaker Kabir Khan's ‘'83’.

Ranveer Singh plays Kapil Dev, who

lead the underdog Indian cricket team to a

famous victory against the mighty West

Indies in the final of the 1983 World Cup.

His wife Deepika plays Kapil's wife Romi.

‘'83’ also features Tahir Raj Bhasin,

Ammy Virk, Hardy Sandhu, and Chirag

Patil among others. The film is co-produced

by Reliance Entertainment, Phantom

Films and Nadiadwala Grandson




I have no religion, I'm an

Indian: Amitabh Bachchan

Megastar Amitabh Bachchan

says he does not belong to any

religion. On the Gandhi Jayanti

special episode of ‘Kaun Banega

Crorepati’, host Big B will be

seen sharing an anecdote with

sociologist Bindeshwar Pathak.

He said: "My surname

'Bachchan' does not belong to

any religion as my father was

against it. My surname was

Srivastava but we never believed

in it. I feel proud saying that I'm

the first person to hold this family

name. "When I was taking

admission to Kindergarten, my

father was asked my surname and

then he decided that my surname

would be 'Bachchan'. When

Census employees come to my

place, they ask me about my religion

and I always answer that I

belong to no religion, I'm

Indian." Big B also spoke about

his family tradition of starting

Holi festival by putting colour on

the feet of a person who is highly

respected and elderly. "I have no

shame in saying that my father

respected the people around him.

It was our tradition that a person

during Holi puts colour on the

feet of the eldest and highly

respected man. My father

Harivansh Rai Bachchan used to

put colours on legs of the person

who cleaned toilets before starting

his celebration," he added.

When Emraan overtrained

to bulk up for his new cop avatar!

Remember Awarapan (2007),

Once Upon A Time in Mumbaai

(OUATIM) (2010) or

Baadhshaho (2017)? Till date,

Emraan Hashmi played an outlaw

in a number of his films. But

we have learnt that now, the

actor will be seen in a new avatar

— he will sport the police uniform

for the first time, in

Mumbai Saga.

Interestingly though, sources

close to Emraan maintain that he

finds his new cop avatar as

“driven as Shoaib was” [from

OUATIM]. “In that film,

Shoaib’s drive was to earn

money and be powerful, whereas

Emraan’s character in Mumbai

Saga is all about taking on criminals.

So, though he is on different

sides of the law in both the

films, he finds the germ very

similar,” says the source.

Apparently, the actor had first

met the Mumbai Saga director,

Sanjay Gupta, around two

months back. “When Sanjay

offered him the cop’s part,

Emraan knew he had to bulk up

in order to look convincing in

front of a guy like John

Abraham, who’s extremely well

built,” says the source. But it

wasn’t easy for Emraan to put on

so much weight in such a short

span (within about a month-anda-half)

as he has had a smaller

frame for some time now.

Immediately, after his meeting

with Gupta, Emraan travelled

to Mauritius to shoot for

Ezra (remake of the 2017

Malayalam film), and that’s

when he decided to work on his

physique with a trainer. “And

Emraan’s clear instruction to

him was, ‘I need to bulk up

quickly’. Since there wasn’t

much time, he used to work out

twice a day. By the end of it, he

ended up feeling overtrained. He

couldn’t sleep for two days

before he was to start shooting,”

says the insider. Interestingly,

Gupta says that Emraan “went

from medium size to XL” within

a month-and-a-half.

Shweta Basu Prasad stresses

on the importance of humour

Mumbai, Actress Shweta Basu Prasad

says humour is a great way to educate people

about deeper issues. Shweta will soon be

seen in the role of Gudiya, a strong and confident

girl who is proud of her dusky complexion,

in Zee Theatre’s upcoming teleplay

“Gudiya Ki Shaadi”. It is about how she

copes when she loses her eyebrows on her

wedding day.

“The standard for beauty that society has

set is questioned in the play. I think humour

is a great way to educate people about deeper

issues, and “Gudiya ki Shaadi” achieves

that. It leaves subtle hints about how society,

relatives and even families in many parts of

our country perceive girls,” Shweta said.

“To be educated, to get married at a certain

age to look a certain way or behave in a

certain way and make a big fuss about nothing,

because people are mostly consumed by

what others think. This cine-play tries to

break that notion,” she added.

Talking about “Gudiya Ki Shaadi”, she

said: “The cine-play is about how Gudiya a

day before her wedding accidentally gets rid

of her eyebrows, making her look ‘different’

I didn’t shave my brows hence a lot of makeup

to conceal it. Which I think was my once

in a lifetime experience, I don’t know when

will be I offered such a unique role again

which requires me without my brows on

screen. I looked like Gamora from

‘Avengers’, except brown and not green… I

have never done theatre so as an actor…it

was a refreshing experience to read and

block it like a play for about 10-12 days and

then shoot the play like we shoot


1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019


On the world stage

Nawazuddin’s Roam Rome Mein selected

for Busan International Film Festival, while

AR Rahman to perform live

Nawazuddin Siddiqui, who has been a regular at film festivals,

is all set to take his upcoming film to Busan International Film

Festival. Titled Roam Rome Mein, the movie marks directorial

debut of National-Award winning actor Tannishtha Chatterjee

too. Interestingly, the idea of Roam Rome Mein germinated when

Nawaz and Tannishtha met during a film festival. This was also

the time Chatterjee approached Nawaz to play lead in her film.

“Excited to announce that my movie #RoamRomeMein, is the

official selection for #BusanInternationalFilmFestival! The

movie also marks the directorial debut of my dear friend

@TannishthaC,” tweeted Nawaz while making the big announcement.

Roam Rome Mein is produced by Rising Star Entertainment,

Eros International, Pankaj

Razdan and Ravi Walia.

Prior to the movie, Nawaz

and Chatterjee had collaborated

for Garth Davis’s

Lion (2016), Mangesh

Hadawale’s Dekh Indian

Circus (2011) and Amit



Shootout (2017). Co-incidentally,

both the actors

won a National Award

(Special Mention) for

Dekh Indian Circus.

Rahman is delighted

Oscar-winning music

composer AR Rahman is

set to perform live at the

Busan International Film

Festival 2019. Rahman,

whose debut production

99 Songs will be screened

at the film festival on

October 9, will be treating

the audience to a glimpse

of his musical love story in the form of a live performance. “I am

delighted to be a part of this amazing gathering of film enthusiasts

and have the screening of our labour of love at BIFF. The

film’s music is very special and so integral to its story that I feel

compelled to introduce it to audiences at this very special event

before the screening. I’m looking forward to bringing them this

celebration of cinema and music, and can’t wait for the reactions,”

the music director said in a statement.

Directed by Vishwesh Krishnamoorthy, the film also marks

Rahman’s debut as a writer. The movie is described as a sensual

story about art and self-discovery of a struggling singer who

wants to be a successful music composer. It features Ehan Bhat,

Edilsy Varghese and Tenzin Dalha in the lead roles. Lisa Ray,

Manisha Koirala, composer-drummer Ranjit Barot, and Indian

Ocean’s Rahul Ram will be seen in supporting roles. Presented by

Jio Studios, the film is produced by Rahman’s banner YM

Movies and co-produced by Ideal Entertainment.

Kangana Ranaut opens

up on her first relationship


Kangana Ranaut recently attended a summit and shared some

interesting details from her life.

The actress, who has always

kept her personal life private,

opened up about her first relationship

and said, “I had my

first relationship at 17-18. I was

in Chandigarh. My friend was

on a date, and I ended up with

her date’s friend. He was a cute

Punjabi guy. He was 28. He

looked at me and he was like,

‘you’re a kid’. He figured that I

was too new in the game. I was

heartbroken. I personally feel

that I’m an obsessive lover. I

used to message him saying,

give me a chance, I’ll grow up.”

The actress also talked about

her first kiss, “I could not kiss him, so I practised kissing on my

palm. My first kiss wasn’t magical at all, it was messy.”

18 1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019 ENTERTAINMENT


Mumbai, Think “Sholay” and you

are thinking Jai-Veeru, Thakur or

Gabbar Singh. The fact we often tend

to gloss over is that a major reason

why Ramesh Sippy’s all-time blockbuster

has continued to grow in the

collective consciousness of Indian

movie buffs over the decades is also

the assortment of minor characters in

the story.

When Salim-Javed wrote Viju

Khote’s Kaalia, Macmohan’s Sambha,

Jagdeep’s Soorma Bhopali, Asrani’s

Angrezon ke zamaane ke jailer,

Keshto Mukherjee’s Hariram nai, AK

Hangal’s Rahim chacha or Leela

Mishra’s Basanti ki mausi, these

would have been essential props

essential to carry the story forward,

and to create relief in the plot through

humour, drama or sorrow. Yet, over

time, each of these characters have not

only become as endearing as the film’s

protagonists, they have also virtually

come to be the calling cards of the

actors that portrayed them.

Take Kaalia, for instance, essayed

by Viju Khote — the affable Marathi

veteran who passed away owing to

multiple organ failure on Monday at

the age of 77. Khote’s profile as an

actor would seem accomplished

enough even without ‘Sholay”. He

was a scion of an accomplished family

of artistes — his elder sister Shubha

Khote is an actress, their father Nandu

Khote was a star of the stage and the

silent movie era. Nandu Khote’s sister-in-law

was the acclaimed actress

Durga Khote. Over a career spanning

half a century, Khote had made his

mark in Hindi films, as well as the

worlds of Marathi stage and screen. In

Bollywood, his popular line “Galti se

mistake ho gaya” as the scheming butler

Robert in the 1993 cult slapstick

“Andaaz Apna Apna” continues to be

popular even today, as does his role in

the popular nineties sitcom, “Zabaan


Yet, every talk of Viju Khote will

primarily always begin and end with

mention of Kaalia, one of Gabbar

Singh’s chief cronies whose total

footage in “Sholay” an extended

sequence that comprises raiding the

village with two other dacoits, being

bashed up driven away by Jai and

Veeru, and then being mocked and

finally killed as punishment by


In between, before he is shot with

panache by Amjad Khan as Gabbar,

Cult status of ‘Sholay’

is about its minor characters, too

Khote as Kaalia gets to mouth the one

line that would become his signature

for life: “Sardaar, humne aapka namak

khaya hai.” To which, before firing

from his gun, Gabbar quips: “Ab goli

kha!” Essentially, you realise a basic

fact looking at characters as Kaalia,

Saambha or Soorma Bhopali: Long

before it would become a trend anywhere

in the world, Salim-Javed were

cashing in on the idea of comicbook

cinema. And to create a comicbook

impact, you need a lot of characters

that lend to animated action and

drama. Ramesh Sippy’s film was positioned

as a curry western, a genre that

did not have any notable precedence in

Bollywood till before August 15,

1975, when ‘Sholay” released. Like

the Hollywood westerns of Sergio

Leone before its time or Clint

Eastwood, who was carrying on

strongly with the genre around the

time, Sippy had crafted a foolproof

drama package primarily driven by the

machismo of gunslinguing men on

horses. The violence, high by

Bollywood standards back then, had to

be balanced out with lighter moments

of love and humour.

The heroes would take care of the

love factor himself — since romance

has traditionally been in sync with the

idea of machismo. The smaller characters

were needed to justify a comicbook

punch of humour. Since the

heroes, as well as the villain of the

piece, were part of a heavy text of

vengeance, the sidekicks were essential

to generate the occasional diversion

of comedy.

Back in the seventies, minor characters

inserted in a screenplay for

comic relief was a commonplace idea



Mumbai, Actress Sonal where there are fabulous shows As for her first digital project,

Chauhan says web world and

films are going through a transition

period which is really

good. She sees this as an opportunity

being made for the web. I am

happy that this is happening,”

Sonal told IANS. “It goes the

same for films because we have

“Skyfire”, she said: “The reason

why I chose to be a part of

‘Skyfire’ was because in that,

throughout the show, I was with

for actors as they have a some great movies being the boys. We were a team trying

lot more to do now.

After making her Bollywood

made.” According to her, a

large credit goes to the audience

to crack something. We were

doing it together and I loved

debut in 2008 with “Jannat”,

as they have become that. Actresses are mostly

she went on to act in Telugu, “very intelligent and are offered roles that are just about

Kannada, Tamil and more accepting good content”. looking pretty. Whether it’s a

Hindi films. Like most “It doesn’t really matter if it movie or a show, when it gets

Bollywood actors, she also

entered the digital space this

year. “I won’t say that the content

is better on the web than

Hindi films because there are

some very amazing films that

are being made. Now it is a

very good time in the industry

has big stars or not, what matters

is that the audience wants to see

great content. Both web and

films are going through a transition

period, which is really

good, even for actors there’s a

lot more to do now. It’s a good

time,” said the “Paltan” actress.

too serious, they get a little bit of

romance to make the audience

feel lighter. “But in ‘Skyfire’, I

was one of the boys out there,

helping them. I felt that the role

was very strong and required a

lot more from me than just looking

pretty and being there.”

in mainstream films. “Sholay” stands

out among the numerous other films

that lucratively tried the formula

because its minor characters were

exceptionally imagined. They were

realistic in essence, yet comicbook in

flavour. They were unlike any others

seen on the Hindi screen — filling up

the frames around the core characters,

keeping the narrative busy in between

the heavy drama.

Minor characters as Kaali and

Sambha had another significance.

They wer used to define the bigger


Kaalia’s existence in ‘Sholay”, in

this context, is also meant to define an

important aspect of the film’s villain,

apart from rendering quirky dark

humour. We understand Gabbar

Singh’s ruthlessness — which exists

to the point of being deranged. Shortly

after he has whiled away his time

playing a cruel little game with an ant

and a glass, Gabbar relishes in an ominous

exchange of dialogues with

Kaalia that amply suggests things

coming up for the sidekick might not

be all pleasant. The consequence

Gabbar then reserves for Kaalia and

the two other failed dacoits is meant to

tell us that Gabbar does not tolerate

failure. Kaalia serves to generate a

particular mood in the film — one of

quietly sinister dark comedy — as we

get to know Gabbar in that scene.

This mix of plot progession and

mood generation is apparent in the

way other minor characters have been

used, too. Think of Macmohan’s

Sambha. Gabbar asks him to remind

the gang how much government prize

money rides on him. “Poore pacchas

hajaar,” Sambha dutifully informs.

In itself, that dialogue would seem

lame — a routine sentence devoid of

any drama whatsoever. Yet, when

Sambha, seated on his lone watch atop

a hillock, delivers it, the line crisply

and effectlively underlines the menace

of Gabbar Singh as a criminal in society.

The one-sentence footage that

Kaalia or Sambha get have thematic

importance. That is the reason why

they will continue to resonate, as long

as “Sholay” does.

Some minor characters exist solely

to regale. Think Leela Mishra as

Basanti ki Mausi. She shines in the

one major convesation she gets, with

Amitabh Bachchan’s Jai, when the latter

goes to her with a marriage proposal

for Hema Malini’s Basanti, on

behalf of his buddy Veeru


Similar is the importance of ,

Keshto Mukerjee as Hariram nai, the

barber-inmate who is known to be the

inhouse spy of the jailer, essayed by

Asrani, who in tunr brings out the

hilarious essence of a warden driven

by pre-Independence diktats.

The utility of Jagdeep’s tall-talking

Soorma Bhopali is also to create

comic relief, while AK Hangal’s

Raheem chacha is the only character

whose duty is to create tearjerker

melodrama. These are all characters

whose popularity has only grown with

time. There is a quiet magic that binds

all the characters of “Sholay” into a

cohesive whole, as each of them —

big or small — harmonises the overall

impact of every other. That is what

screen chemistry is all about.

Avneet Kaur stars in video

of a tragic love story

New Delhi, “Aladdin: Naam Toh Suna Hoga” actress Avneet

Kaur has featured

in the video

of song “Mere

naina”, which

she describes as a

beautiful tragic

love story.

The song is by

singer and music

director Karan

Singh Arora with

Avneet and

YouTuber Mohit

Chhikara in its

video that was

shot in Himachal Pradesh. “It was amazing shooting for this song.

It’s a special song. Karan, me and Mohit have worked very hard

for this. It’s a beautiful tragic love story,” said Avneet.

The song has been penned by S. Mukhtiar. “The experience was

totally amazing and the best in my career. I loved shooting with

Avneet and Mohit. They both are such good actors and they made

my song look amazing. I wish our collaboration turns into great

friendship and I hope this song touches your heart,” said Karan.



1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019


Croc-like carnivores

terrorised dinosaurs 210

million years ago: Study


predatory crocodile-like animals

that lived during the Triassic

period in southern Africa preyed

on early dinosaurs 210 million

years ago, scientists


These predators,

known as "rauisuchians"

preyed on early

herbivore dinosaurs

and their mammal

relatives living at the

time, according to

Rick Tolchard from

the University of the

Witwatersrand in

South Africa.

"These ancient

fossils provide us

with evidence of how at least

two predator species hunted

these vegetarian dinosaurs 210

million-years-ago," Tolchard

said. "It is amazing to follow the

clues left behind in fossilised

teeth, jaws, limbs and other fossils

to help us tell the ancient

story of life in southern Africa,"

he said. The fossils, described in

the Journal of African Earth

Sciences, include teeth, pieces of

jaws, hind limbs and body

armour, all of which can be

described as parts of rauisuchians.

Rauisuchians are closely

related to crocodiles as we know

them today. They had a diversity

of body shapes and sizes during

the Triassic period, researchers

said. The specimens described in

the research include some of the

largest carnivorous members of

this group, that were possibly up

to 10 metres long, with huge

skulls full of serrated, curved

teeth. The study shows that the

rauisuchians were some of the

latest-surviving members of

their group, and that when they

were alive, they were

thriving close to the

Antarctic Circle—the

theoretical limit for

their physiology. "In

the Triassic period,

rauisuchians were

widespread and their

fossils are known from

all continents except

Antarctica," said

Tolchard. "They went

extinct about 200 million

years ago, paving

the way for dinosaurs

to become the dominant large

land animals," he said.

"Rick's study demonstrates

the value of re-examining old

specimens, and now we finally

know what was preying on all

those herbivorous dinosaurs,"

said Jonah Choiniere, Rick's

advisor and Professor at the Wits

Evolutionary Studies Institute.

AI-based method may

help improve Crohn’s


New York, Researchers have

developed a new method that

may help improve understanding

and treatment of Crohn’s disease,

which causes inflammation

in digestive tract.

The study, published in the

journal Genome Medicine, used

artificial intelligence (AI) to

examine genetic signatures of

Crohn’s disease in 111 people.

The method can help in

revealing previously undiscovered

genes linked to the disease,

and in predicting whether thousand

others had the disease.

“Our method is not a clinical

diagnosis tool, but it generates

interesting observations that

need to be followed up,” said

senior author Yana Bromberg,

Associate Professor at Rutgers

University in the US.

“Further experimental work

could reveal the molecular reasons

behind some forms of

Crohn’s disease and, potentially,

lead to its better treatment,”

Bromberg said. Crohn’s disease

affects around 780,000 people in

the US. Chronic inflammation

may occur in any part of the gastrointestinal

tract, although

symptoms may occur elsewhere.

It can also cause joint pain and

skin problems, and children with

the disease may have growth

problems, according to the US

National Library of Medicine.

The research team evaluated

genetic variants in the 111 people,

including 64 with Crohn’s

disease, and used AI techniques

to pinpoint genes whose functions

changed more in Crohn’s

patients than in healthy people,

and vice versa.

While the model’s accuracy

might improve by including

more people, it could help reveal

the origin of Crohn’s disease and

improve early diagnosis, the

study said. “We can use the

knowledge gained from this

study to similarly model other

genetically-linked diseases,”

Bromberg said.

20 1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019 TECH


Researchers use drones to measure weight of whales

LONDON : In a first, researchers

have developed a model to accurately

calculate the weight of southern right

whales using measurements made by

drones of the colossal mammal's body

length, width, and height. The study,

published in the journal Methods in

Ecology and Evolution, noted that the

only way to get information on the

body mass of whales until now was to

weigh dead or stranded individuals.

The researchers, including those

from the British Ecological Society in

the UK, developed the new method to

learn more about the physiology and

ecology of whales.

"Knowing the body mass of freeliving

whales opens up new avenues

of research. We will now be able to

look at the growth of known aged individuals

to calculate their body mass

increase over time and the energy

requirements for growth," said Fredrik

Christiansen, lead author of the study

from Aarhus Institute of Advanced

Studies in Denmark. Christiansen

added that the calculated weight could

be used to look at the daily energy

requirements of whales, and estimate

how much prey they needed to consume.

"Weight measurements of live

whales at sea inform how chronic

stressors affect their survival and

fecundity, as well as enabling accurate

sedative dosing of animals entangled

in fishing gear that are aversive to disentanglement

attempts," said coauthor

of the study Michael Moore

from the Woods Hole Oceanographic

Institution in the US.

The researchers mentioned that the

model was already being used to

assess the health impacts of constant

injury caused to the whales by birds

called the kelp gulls. According to a

study, published in the journal PLOS

One in 2015, photos from the 1970s

showed almost no whales with

wounds from the gulls. However, the

PLOS one study noted that this number

increased to more than a third of

mother-calf pairs in the 1980s, with

the number steeply climbing up to 84

per cent in the 90s. Nearly 99 per cent

of mother-calf pairs had gull wounds

in the 2000s, according to the PLOS

One study. The researchers behind the

current study added that the use of

drones to estimate whale weight and

condition, and also to individually

track their young ones, was a real

breakthrough in their investigation.

The researchers also collaborated with

the Digital Life Project at the

University of Massachusetts in the US

to recreate a 3D mesh of the whale.

They also generated a full-colour 3D

model of the right whale. The models

can be used for both studying the

movement of the southern right

whales, and also for educational uses,

the researchers said. This approach,

according to the researchers, could be

used to estimate the size of other

marine mammals where alternative

and more invasive methods aren't feasible

or desirable. The study noted that

difficulties in reliably measuring the

body mass of free-living whales prevented

the inclusion of the parameter

in many studies in ecology, and physiology.

Now, with the new method, the

researchers are hopeful that this crucial

variable will be figured into future

studies of free-living whales.

As part of the study, the researchers

took aerial photos of 86 free-living

southern right whales off the coast of

Peninsula Valdes in Argentina.

They mentioned that the clear

waters in the region, and the large

number of whales gathering there

every winter for breeding, made it an

ideal place for collecting high quality

images of both the dorsal and lateral

sides of the whales. The researchers

obtained length, width and height

measurements from these photos from

which they were able to model the

body shape and volume of the whales.

They used the model to estimate the

body volume of whales caught in scientific

whaling operations, whose

girth and mass was already known.

"From these estimates of body volume,

we could then calculate the density

of the whales, which we in turn

could use to estimate the mass of freeliving

whales photographed by our

drones," Christiansen said.

iPhone lost in

river found after

15 months, it

still works

Positive social

relationships boost

self-esteem: Study

NASA's InSight lander 'hears'

strange sounds on Mars

WASHINGTON : NASA has released recordings of eerie

sounds on Mars picked up by one of its missions to the Red

Planet, the InSight lander.

Far below the human range of hearing, these recordings had

to be speeded up and slightly processed to be audible through

headphones, NASA said on Tuesday.

The spacecraft's exquisitely sensitive seismometer, called the

Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS), can pick up

vibrations as subtle as a breeze.

The instrument was provided by the French space agency,

Centre National D'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), and its partners.

The instrument was designed to listen for quakes on Mars,

known as marsquakes.

Scientists want to study how the seismic waves of these

quakes move through the planet's interior, revealing the deep

inner structure of Mars for the first time.

But after the seismometer was set down by InSight's robotic

arm, Mars seemed shy. It did not produce its first rumbling until

this past April, and this first quake turned out to be an odd duck.

It had a surprisingly high-frequency seismic signal compared

to what the science team has heard since then. Out of more than

100 events detected to date, about 21 are strongly considered to

be quakes, NASA said.

The remainder could be quakes as well, but the science team

hasn't ruled out other causes.

SEIS had no trouble identifying quiet quakes, but its sensitive

ear means scientists have lots of other noises to filter out.

San Francisco : YouTuber Michael

Bennett posted a video earlier this week after

he found an iPhone in a filthy waterproof

case at the bottom of the Edisto river in South

Carolina. It had apparently been lying there

for around 15 months.

In an interview with local news channel

WDAM 7, Bennet described that it was difficult

to find the owner of the device. He was

not able to unlock the phone to find some

information related to the owner since it was

password protected.

So, he removed the SIM card in the iPhone

and inserted it into a different phone and with

this he managed to get the contact information

of the owner.

After getting the relevant information, he

returned the iPhone to its rightful owner

Erica Bennett who lost the phone during a

family trip on June 19, 2018.

Surprisingly the iPhone was returned to

the owner in working condition.

“It was kind of emotional because the last

thing I have from him is saying, ‘Hey I’m

playing phone tag with you, so I just figured

I just text you, how are you feeling?’ And I

think he had called me after that. I’m pretty

sure it was Father’s Day,” Erica Bennett was

quoted by WDAM 7.

NEW YORK : Researchers have

found that positive social relationships,

support and acceptance help shape the

development of self-esteem in people.

"For the first time, we have a systematic

answer to a key question in the field of

self-esteem research: Whether and to

what extent a person's social relationships

influence his or her self-esteem development,

and vice versa, and at what ages,"

said study author Michelle A. Harris from

the University of Texas.

"The answer to what age groups are

across the life span," Harris said. For the

study, published in the Journal of

Personality and Social Psychology,

researchers analysed 52 studies involving

more than 47,000 participants (54 per cent

female) looking at either the effect of selfesteem

on social relationships overtime or

the reverse effect. The studies, all published

between 1992 and 2016, included

multiple countries like 30 samples from

the US, four from Switzerland, three from

Germany, two each from Australia,

Belgium, Canada, Finland, Greece,

Russia and Sweden. Samples ranged from

early childhood to late adulthood. The

authors found that positive social relationships,

social support and social acceptance

help shape the development of selfesteem

in people over time across ages

four to 76. They also found a significant

effect in the reverse direction. While earlier

research had yielded inconsistent

findings, the meta-analysis supports the

classic and contemporary theories of the

influence of self-esteem on social connections

and the influence of social connections

on self-esteem, said the researchers.



1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019


Dalit adivasi women representatives

excluded in Feminist movement

In the second day of Asia Land Forum 2019

various parallel sessions were organised in which

participants shared their ideas. The international

Land Coalition said that it is committed to gender

justice in its membership network. To find out

about representation of wonen, ILC intend to take

gender audit of its membership. It will also

encourage members to focus on building womens

leadership. But women’s issues are not as simple

and homogeneous as projected by Women’s

organisations particularly from India and it’s

neighbouring countries. The issues of representation

of Dalit Adivasi peasant women and their

mainstream feminist movement in India is serious

and real. The issue was raised by Dr Sujatha

Surepally who is prominent academic activist

from Telangana. She said that the issues of Dalit

Adivasi women were never part of the so-called

feminist movent in India. Also, the upper elite

urban feminism will not work among the indigenous

as the gender relations among Dalit adivasi

communities are far cordial and mostly based on

equitable and egalitarianism. There is vast knowledge

in these communities which need to be documented

and it’s important we encourage wonen

leaders and representative from these communities

in our decision making bodies. The irony is

that whenever there is talk of fair representation

of Dalit adivasi

peasant woman is By Vidya Bhushan Rawat

raised the upper social and human rights activist

caste urban elite

react with a vengeance by raising the bogey of

knowledge and capacity of these wonen as if

‘merit’ is the sole monopoly of these women.

This is really disgraceful. Dalit women face double

discrimination. : One being a dalit and other

being a woman. Most of the violence against

Dalit women is based on ineqitable land holdings

as dalit remains mostly landless.

The feminist discourse should not become a

point of denial of entry of Dalit women in our

decision making bodies in the name of merit.

Sujatha Surepally also asked about the program

for youth. Just by taking urban youth to villages,

you can’t do anything. How many of these

youths have dalit and adivasi representation.

Ms Bhavana Ben Desai presented the issues

of pastoralist women. A report “Gender

Discourse in Land Relations’

edited by Sunila Singh and

Vidya Bhushan Rawat was

released during the event. The

book has reports from India,

Nepal, Bangladesh, Indonesia

and Cambodia. Dr Sunila

Singh moderated the session

in which youths and women from various countries


Vidya Bhushan Rawat is a social and

human rights activist. He blogs at

www.manukhsi.blogspot.com twitter @freetohumanity

Email: vbrawat@gmail.com

No force can halt

China’s advance: Xi

‘Back to Valley’ program aims

at reviving tourism in Kashmir

Srinagar, The Centre is launching the ‘Back

to Valley programme to give a major boost to

tourism in the Kashmir Valley. This will be the

first major push by the government to revive

tourism in Kashmir after the scrapping of Article

370. As part of the ‘Back to Valley’ program, the

Tourism Ministry has asked Federation of Indian

Tour and Travel Association to aggressively

campaign for reviving Kashmir tourism, sources

said. The state Tourism Department has also

chipped in by organising road shows in state capitals

for boosting valley tourism which has seen

a sharp decline since repealing of Article 370.

The tourism department plans to engage with

major tour operators of the country. “We will be

doing road shows from November,” a senior official

of the Tourism Department told IANS.

“Advertisements will be put up in all the airports

across the country for promoting Kashmir

tourism”. Tourism in Kashmir has seen a major

slump since August 5 with tourist footfalls

falling to a trickle. Government issued an advisory

on August 2 asking all the tourists and

Amarnath pilgrims to leave the valley.

Prior to that advisory more than 8.6 lakh

tourists and Amarnath pilgrims had visited

Kashmir in 2019. “The Tourism Department is

participating in ‘Paryatan Parav’ in Delhi to

showcase Kashmir”, official of the Tourism

Department said. After horticulture, Tourism is

the highest money spinner for Kashmir’s economy

and provides livelihood to lakhs of people

including hoteliers, houseboat owners, transporters

and tour operators.

Beijing, In his address

marking 70 years since the

founding of the People’s

Republic of China (PRC),

Chinese President Xi Jinping

on Tuesday said that no force

could halt the advance of the

country and its people.

“Seventy years ago on this

day, Comrade Mao Zedong

solemnly declared here to the

world that the PRC was founded

and the Chinese people had

stood up,” Efe news quoted Xi

as saying from the balcony on

the Gate of Heavenly Peace in

front of Tiananmen Square.

On October 1, 1949, Mao

Zedong, or Chairman Mao,

announced the formation of the

PRC, after communist forces

won a bloody civil war.

“There is no force that can

shake the foundation of this

great nation,” he said amid

applause from thousands of

people seated in the stands set

up for the anniversary celebrations.

“No force can stop the

Chinese people and the

Chinese nation forging ahead.”

Xi said that the Chinese people

have made great achievements

over the past seven

decades that have amazed the

world on account of being united.

“On our journey forward, we

must uphold the principles of

‘peaceful reunification’ and ‘one

country, two systems,’ maintaining

lasting prosperity and stability

in Hong Kong and Macao,”

he stressed. Xi also called for the

country’s “complete reunification”

in reference to the island of

Taiwan, which it considers part

of its territory and from which it

has recently wooed away another

two diplomatic allies.

The Asian giant’s leader said

that China’s present was being

created by hundreds of millions

of Chinese people, adding that

“China will surely have an even

brighter future”. Xi’s shorterthan-expected

speech gave way

to a military parade – the

largest in China’s history. On

display at the parade were some

of China’s finest military

equipment including the JL2

missile which can be launched

from the country’s Jin class

submarines, tasked with

mounting seaborne deterrent

missions and helping to ensure

second strike capability, the

BBC reported. The DF26 antiship

ballistic missile was also

on show. It can carry either a

conventional or nuclear warhead.

This is dubbed a “carrier

killer” and designed to prevent

an intervention by the US in

military theatres of strategic

importance for China (like the

South China Sea).

22 1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019 WORLD


Rajratna Ambedkar presented his case, heavy suppression

of religious freedom and other misdeeds of the current

government, including election fraud, to the USCIRF


PM faces trial over

PAKISTAN arms deal

In esrly August, it came to our

attention that three delegates from the

US Commission of International

Religious Freedom (USCIRF) were

refused visas by the High commission

of India without explanation.

The USCIRF delegates were to

come to India to investigate

the truth behind

suppression of religious

freedom & atrocities

on minorities in

India and to relay their

findings of this investigation

to the government

with recommendations.

Since the USCIRF investigation

was of paramount importance, in

the eyes of the suppressed and

oppressed communities but their visas

refused, Rajratna Ambedkar, chairman

of the Buddhist Society of India (BSI),

decided to take his evidence of heavy

suppression of religious freedom and

other misdeeds of the current government,

including election fraud, to the

USCIRF himself. Mr Ambedkar presented

his case with overwhelming

proofs of rise in daily atrocities on religious

minorities. A memorandum (for

contents see below), drafted by Satpal

Muman, secretary of Ambedkar

International Mission

(London) and

endorsed by various

international bodies

was submitted by

Rajratna Ambedkar

to the USCIRF on 1st

October 2019.

An acknowledge

of receipt of the memorandum by the

USCIRF was send by Mr Ambedkar. A

similarly memorandum, also drafted in

London was presented to the UN by

Mr Ambedkar on 28th September, the

day Mr Narendra Modi spoke at the

UNGA meeting in New York.

Shekhar Bodhakar


Johnson rejects leaks over Irish border plan

London : UK Prime Minister Boris

Johnson on Tuesday rejected leaked claims

that the government has proposed “customs

clearance zones” to tackle the Irish

border issue. Johnson told the BBC that he

was “not going to be producing now what

we are going to be tabling” to the European

Union (EU). The leaked proposals were

“confused” and “not right”, he added. The

issue of the Irish border – and how to keep

it free from border checks when it becomes

the frontier between the UK and the EU –

has been a key sticking point in Brexit

negotiations. The current government has

said that the solution reached by the EU

and former Prime Minister Theresa May,

the backstop was is unacceptable and an

alternative to it must be found.

Government sources told the BBC that

it had prepared the legal text of an updated

Brexit deal and would be making more

plans public in the coming days.

SC seeks CPCB

report over Yamuna

pollution in Mathura

New Delhi, The Supreme

Court has asked the Central

Pollution Control Board

(CPCB) to inspect and file a

report on the status of pollution

in the Yamuna river at Uttar

Pradesh’s Mathura.

“Let an official deputed by

the CPCB, inspect the spot and

report as to whether the boundary

wall has been constructed,

as ordered,” a bench of Justices

Arun Mishra and Ravindra

Bhat said. “He (official) shall

also report about the development

of the green belt and what

further improvement is

required for clearing of river.”

The bench said that the

CPCB official shall also report

about the present position of

the river pollution and what are

the steps required for improvement

and for cleaning the

Yamuna river. The report containing

suggestions will be submitted

within six weeks, the

court said while adjourning the

plea for November for further

hearing. The court was hearing

Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control

Board plea challenging the

National Green Tribunal’s

April 4, 2017 which has

imposed a fine of Rs 5 lakh for

causing continuous air, water,

ground water pollution in

Mathura. The NGT has held

that UPPCB and the Mathura

Cantonment Board have miserably

failed to protect the environment

in the temple town.

Paris : Former French Prime Minister

Edouard Balladur and a former Defence

minister are to stand trial over the so-called

Karachi affair -- a submarine deal with

Pakistan in the mid-1990s, which allegedly

involved secret commissions.

Under that deal Balladur, now aged 90,

allegedly got funding for his failed 1995

bid for the presidency, the BBC reported.

His then Defence Minister, François

Léotard, also faces trial. Both have categorically

denied any wrongdoing. In 2002 a

bombing in Karachi killed 11 French engineers.

There were suspicions that the car

bombing, which wrecked a bus, was an act

of revenge after President Jacques Chirac

had ordered payment of the secret arms

deal commissions to stop.

Attorney General François Molins

announced that Balladur and Léotard would

go before a special tribunal for present and

past government officials accused of


The allegation was that Balladur

approved payment of the commissions to

intermediaries in the sale of three submarines

to Pakistan, and that from them socalled

"retro-commissions" came back to

France to fund his presidential bid.

The kickbacks were estimated to have

cost 13m francs (almost two million euros in

today's money). Balladur was Prime

Minister from 1993 to 1995. Both he and

Léotard were charged in May 2017 with

"complicity in misuse of corporate assets

and concealment" over the Pakistan deal.

The Pakistani authorities blamed Islamist

militants for the 2002 bombing, which killed

15 people in total. The 11 French engineers

who died were working on the Agosta-class

submarine contract. Long-running investigations

into the crime are continuing.

Former President Nicolas Sarkozy -- a

conservative who was close to Balladur --

also came under legal scrutiny over the

Karachi affair. He denied any connection to

the deal.

Separately, on Tuesday Sarkozy lost his

legal appeal to avoid facing trial over allegations

that his failed re-election campaign

in 2012 was financed illegally, reported


France's top appeals court has returned

the case to prosecutors to decide if Sarkozy

should be tried. He denied the accusations

that his party, known then as the UMP, used

a public relations firm to hide the real cost of

his presidential bid.

The case is known in France as the

Bygmalion affair, after the name of the public

relations firm that allegedly provided

false invoices to help Sarkozy.


Chandigarh : A passport is a must for

devotees from India visiting Kartarpur

Sahib Gurdwara, where Guru Nanak Dev

breathed his last, in Pakistan to pay obeisance.

However, a visa will not be required.

But the visitors need to get them themselves

registered online at least a month

ahead of their visit. These facts came to

light at a high-level review meeting

chaired by Punjab Chief Minister

Amarinder Singh here on Tuesday to

assess the progress of the corridor project

with a team of officers from the Centre. A

$20 service charge will be levied by

Pakistan from each visitor on passage

through the Kartarpur corridor. A state

government functionary, who was present

at the meeting, told IANS that Amarinder

Singh had suggested any other government

document like Aadhaar must be used

in place of passports for identification.

He said at the meeting the Chief

Minister asked the Regional Passport

Officer in Chandigarh to ensure a fast-track

and accessible mechanism to deliver passport

services to pilgrims on top priority. He

also asked the Ministry of External Affairs

to immediately start organising passport

camps across the state to help the devotees.

Punjab minister Sukhjinder Singh

Randhawa, who attended the meeting, told

the media on Wednesday that to facilitate

pilgrims to apply online regarding their

visit to Pakistan via the Kartarpur corridor

a website would be launched on October 4.

He said special arrangements have also

been made for people who don't have passports.

They could apply for passports by paying

a fee of Rs 1,500 at convenience centres

or post offices near them and the whole

process will be completed within one or

two days after which they will get their

passports. The Chief Minister will lead an

all-party delegation across the border to


Passport necessary to visit

Kartarpur shrine in Pakistan

Kartarpur Sahib on the opening day of the

Kartarpur Corridor on November 9.

The delegation that will accompany the

Chief Minister to the historic gurudwara

would comprise all the 117 state legislators,

Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha MPs

from Punjab, Shriomani Gurudwara

Parbandhak Committee (SGPC) members,

as well as members of the Sant Samaj and

representatives of each recognised political

party in the state. Thereafter, 5,000 pilgrims

will be able to visit the gurduwara

every day. Construction of the 4.2 km-long

corridor is targeted to be completed by

October 31, a week before the celebrations

to mark the 550th birth anniversary of

Guru Nanak Dev. The gurudwara is located

in Narowal district of Pakistan's Punjab

province. It is near Dera Baba Nanak town

in Punjab's Gurdaspur district. It is a highly

revered Sikh shrine where Sikhism

founder Guru Nanak Dev spent 18 years of

his life and is his final resting place.



Lucknow : Uttar Pradesh

was declared 100 per cent ODF

in January this year with

97,641 villages being declared

open defecation-free in 75 districts,

the scheme.

The status report in February

showed there were 36.5 lakh

left out beneficiaries (LOBs)

under Swachh Bharat Mission

we can do to change their

mindset. Even the women, who

have a toilet in the family, go

out to relieve themselves."

The proof that the toilets are

prefer to go with them in groups

to answer nature's call. It is only

during the night that we quietly

use the toilet," she says.

Another problem with those

yet it continues to remain Gramin

(SBM-G). not being used by the benefici-

who have got toilets is that of

a sordid reality in most villages.

Most newly-built toilets

Construction of toilets in the

left out families was then taken

aries is evident from the fact

that women continue to face

cleaning. "We cannot clean toilets

ourselves and I cannot

in villages are either used as up with renewed vigour. incidents of crime when they afford to employ a sweeper. It is

storerooms or kept locked up.

For verification of the ODF

declaration, the guidelines suggest

that 'at least' two verifications

should be carried out. The

Verification, officials admit,

remains mostly on paper. An

official in the Panchayati Raj

department disclosed, "People

come forward to take the

go to defecate in the open.

Barely a fortnight ago, a

woman in Rae Bareli district

had gone to relieve herself in

the open and her body was later

better to avoid using it," says

Saroj, who is a Brahmin by

caste. Bala Kumari, a social

worker in Sultanpur, has a new

reason as to why people are not

first level of verification money but refuse to use the toilet

found with her head smashed. using toilets.

should be done within three

months of declaration and the

second level - to ensure that

villages do not fall out of the

ODF status - within six months

of the first verification. A survey

conducted by the state

government in January this

year had found that lakhs of

families were still left out of

when it gets constructed. As

officials, we cannot force them

or monitor its usage on a regular


He further said, "The problem

is not construction of toilets,

it is their usage. For some

strange reason, even those who

have toilets prefer to defecate

in the open and there is nothing

Her family had a toilet but they

chose not to use it. Rae Bareli,

incidentally, has been declared

ODF as per the Swachh Bharat

Mission database. Saroj Pathak,

a resident of a village in Sarai

Mir in Azamgarh, has got a toilet

built but keeps it locked up.

"If I open the lock, other

women insist on using it. So I

"Going for defecation in

groups for both men and

women is a kind of a social outing.

In the rural interiors, you

can see women chatting happily

while relieving themselves.

This is the only time when

women go out and mingle with

each other. The same is with the

men," she explained.

1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019 23

EOW raids Delhi

Police unit, cop held

New Delhi : The Economic Offences Wing (EOW) of Delhi

Police has conducted raid

at the accounts section of

the DCP office in Outer

Delhi in connection with

alleged financial crimes,

amounting to lakhs,

police said here on


The raid has been confirmed

by Special

Commissioner (EOW),

Satish Golcha. The

Vigilance Branch has registered

a case. A policeman

has been arrested in this case, while two people, including

a woman sub-inspector, are absconding, he added.

ISS astronauts gear up for 10

spacewalks in 3 months

Washington : In what may be called the biggest ever

marathon of spacewalks since the assembly of the International

Space Station (ISS) was completed in 2011, astronauts aboard

the space station plan to conduct 10 of them during the next

three months. The station crew will replace some of the orbiting

laboratory's solar array batteries during the first half of the

spacewalks and then refurbish a renowned scientific instrument

that explores the fundamental nature of the universe during the

final five excursions, NASA said on Tuesday.

The first of a set of five spacewalks dedicated to replacing

batteries on the far end of the station's port truss is scheduled to

begin on October 6.

The existing nickel-hydrogen batteries will be upgraded with

newer, more powerful lithium-ion batteries transported to the

station aboard the Japanese H-II Transfer Vehicle, which arrived

on September 28. These spacewalks continue the overall

upgrade of the station's power system that began with similar

battery replacement during spacewalks in January 2017, the US

space agency said.

The second half of this sequence of spacewalks will focus on

repairs to the space station's Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer.

While the dates for those spacewalks have not yet been

revealed, they are expected to begin in November.

Experts will discuss the details of the spacewalks in a briefing

at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston on October 4.

UK HC rules in favour of India

in Hyderabad Nizam funds case

New Delhi : Rejecting arguments by Pakistan, the UK High

Court on Wednesday ruled in favour of India in a 70-year-old

legal dispute involving 35 million pounds that belonged to the

erstwhile Nizam of Hyderabad and was kept in London's

National Westminster Bank.

The Fund was being held in the account of the High

Commissioner of Pakistan to the UK Rahimtoola since

September 1948. It had been the subject of earlier proceedings

in the 1950s in which the UK House of Lords set aside the proceedings

brought by the seventh Nizam of Hyderabad claiming

the fund, as Pakistan invoked state immunity.

In 2013, Pakistan began fresh proceedings in the case, thereby

waiving state immunity. A subsequent attempt by Pakistan to

discontinue the proceedings was rejected as an abuse of process

by the UK Court. On Wednesday, the Court issued a wide-ranging

judgment after analysing documentation going back more

than 70 years and embracing the law of constructive and resulting

trusts, unjust enrichment, foreign act of state, illegality and

limitation of actions, the MEA said in a statement.

The Court rejected arguments advanced by Pakistan that the

dispute was non-justiciable, either in whole or in part; that the

doctrine of illegality somehow barred recovery; or that the

claims of other parties were time barred.

The Court held that Pakistan's pleading of limitation was an

"abuse of process", and that remedies in trust law and restitution

were available against both Pakistan and the Bank.

In Wednesday's judgment, the UK High Court rejected

Pakistan's claim that the Fund had been intended as payment for

arms shipments or as an outright gift. The Court held that beneficial

ownership in the Fund as at 1948 lay with the seventh

Nizam, and that it had been held on trust to his benefit and that

of his successors in title since then.

Having found that the seventh Nizam was beneficially entitled

to the fund, the Court concluded that those claiming in right

of the Nizam i.e.India and the two grandsons of Nizam were

now entitled to have the Fund.

24 1-10-2019 to 15-10-2019 WORLD


Detention of political

leaders in Jammu ended

Jammu : Detention of all

political leaders in Jammu has

been ended but their counterparts

in Kashmir continue to be

under house arrest.

The leaders from political

parties like National

Conference (NC), Congress

and Jammu and Kashmir

National Panthers Party

(JKNPP) have been freed in

Jammu. They were put under

preventive detention since

August 5 when the Centre

revoked special status of Jammu and

Kashmir granted under Article 370.

NC leaders Devender Rana and SS

Salathia, Congress' Raman Bhalla and

Panthers Party leader Harsh Dev Singh are

among the prominent leaders who are no

MP sex scandal gets too hot to

handle for CM Kamal Nath

Bhopal : It is not the best of time

for Chief Minister Kamal Nath, who

has now encountered a major sex

racket in Madhya Pradesh that spells

trouble with its alleged clientele,

starting with politicians it also has

entrapped bureaucrats and journalists.

The dilemma is such that the

CM has changed the SIT chief over

and over again. Sanjeev Shami, the

head of the Special Investigation

Team (SIT) probing the Madhya

Pradesh honey trap scandal has been

transferred. The Kamal Nath government

has even rejigged the SIT

probing the sex racket. This will be

the third time SIT and its head has

been changed after the sensational

honey trap scandal broke out in the

state. This has raised many questions

about the intention of the government

which had vowed to bring

out the truth.

Rajendra Kumar, the 1985 batch

IPS officer, has been made special

DG (cyber crime) and new chief of

the three-member SIT while

Additional DGP Milind Kanaskar

and Ruchivardhan Mishra, senior

superintendent of police Indore, will

be the other members of the SIT.

Sanjeev Shami, who had earlier

replaced Srinivas Verma as SIT

chief, had been probing the case

since September 24. He had recovered

thousands of video clips, sex

chats and audio clips along with a

longer under house arrest. The move to

release political leaders in Jammu came

after announcement of Block Development

Council elections to be held on October 24.

However, political leaders in Kashmir,

including NC's Farooq Abdullah and Omar

diary which contained secret code

words for the high profile 'targets'.

The proverbial 'red book' or the

diary, the content of which was

leaked to the media, is the latest

talking point as it allegedly contains

the names of politicians occupying

high positions and also some


As the news of the diary spread,

the government issued a new circular

to remove Sanjeev Shami as the

SIT chief and instead gave charge of

the probe to Rajendra Kumar.

Sources said that dispute between

two officers of the DGP level over

the probe in the sex scandal and

deteriorating image of the police

forced Chief Minister Kamal Nath

to take the drastic step to remove

Shami from the probe panel head.

Abdullah, PDP chief

Mehbooba Mufti and J&K

People's Conference leader

Sajjad Gani Lone, continue

to be under house arrest.

Nearly 400 political

leaders were either detained

or placed under house arrest

as the Centre ended special

status of J&K and bifurcated

the state into two Union

Territories -- Jammu and

Kashmir Union Territory

and Ladakh Union

Territory. Over 250 petitions have been

filed against the preventive detention

orders against prominent political leaders

in Jammu and Kashmir. Petitions have also

been filed in the Supreme Court against the


DD official suspended for stalling live telecast of PM speech

Chennai : Indian public broadcaster

Prasar Bharati has suspended R.

Vasumathi, Assistant Director

(Programme) of Doordarshan (DD)

allegedly for not allowing live telecast of

Prime Minister Narendra Modi's speech at

the Singapore-India Hackathon 2019 on

DD Podhigai on September 30.

The Singapore-India Hackathon 2019

prize distribution function was held at

Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

(IITM) here on Monday. The broadcaster is

contemplating disciplinary proceedings

against Vasumathi of the Tamil channel.

While the order dated October 1 issued

by CEO Sashi Shekhar Vempati does not

state the reason for Vasumathi's suspension,

it is learnt that the disciplinary action

is being taken against her for not giving

instructions for live telecast of Modi's

speech at the Singapore-India Hackathon

event on DD Podhigai. However,

Doordarshan News, the national channel,

had telecast the event live.

According to sources the DD Kendra

here has been running without Director

(Programme) for a long time and the senior

most Assistant Director in the division has

been managing the show. Modi had attended

three events on September 30. He had

visited the IITM Research Park,

Singapore-India Hackathon and the 56th

Convocation function of IITm.

Kamal Nath, in the meeting with the

Director General of Police and

Chief Secretary had reprimanded

the police officers for their public

squabbling and had expressed his

displeasure over the worsening

image of the police due to leaks.

Nath had also questioned how

ATS chief Shami was given the

charge to probe the sex scandal.

Senior BJP leader Govind Malu

said: "Congress had promised

change during the Assembly elections.

Now after coming to power,

they made so many transfers in the

state. Now they have changed SIT

head three times in just 9 days. Who

are the people government is protecting

as they had to make so many

changes in the SIT. We demand CBI

probe in the scandal."

Congress spokesman Syed Jafar

said that this honey trap scandal is a

grave issue and sensitive one, too.

Many former leaders and bureaucrats

are involved in the scandal.

Government is not protecting anyone

as being alleged by the BJP,

rather it is trying to handle in a sensitive


The honey-trap cum extortion

racket run by Shweta Vijay Jain and

others involved using thousands of

video clips of powerful politicians

and bureaucrats in compromising

positions to extort money and contracts

from them.

Chinese man

caught flying drone

over Taj Mahal

Agra, A Chinese national was detained for sometime for

allegedly flying a drone over the Taj Mahal, police said. He was

caught taking aerial shots of the 17th century mausoleum.

The drone and its controller were seized on Tuesday by the

police and a micro storage chip was formatted and sent for forensic

evaluation to find if it was connected to any satellite.

The 29-year-old tourist, Cui Yu, was however let off after a

written apology. “Cui came to Agra on Monday to visit the Taj. On

Tuesday, he went to Mehtab Bagh along with his drone and started

recording aerial shots of the mausoleum. Soon Central

Industrial Security Force (CISF) spotted the drone and informed

local police, who traced the source,” SHO Dinesh Kumar said.

“The Chinese national was remotely controlling the drone

while hiding in bushes at Mehtab Bagh. As soon he brought the

drone down to recover the footage, our team rushed to detain him.

He was caught red-handed.

“We seized the drone and cleared the content of the micro chip.

It has been sent for forensic tests to trace if was not linked to some

satellite,” said the officer.

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