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Art Moves Africa – Retracing Roots and Tracing New Routes: Mobility and Touring in North Africa

A study by Lara Bourdin for Art Moves Africa, October 2019

A study by Lara Bourdin for Art Moves Africa, October 2019

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32<br />

Summary of Outcomes<br />

—<br />

3.1. 3<br />

TRANSPORT LINKS<br />

AND<br />

REGULATIONS<br />

—<br />

VISA POLICIES<br />

—<br />

Visa-free travel is <strong>in</strong> place between Morocco,<br />

Tunisia <strong>and</strong> Algeria. In theory, Libyans should<br />

benefit from visa-free travel to Algeria; however,<br />

<strong>in</strong> practice, refusals have been documented.<br />

Libyan citizens should also benefit from visa-free<br />

access to Mauritania, although no testimonials<br />

are available. In turn, visa-free access to Libya<br />

is accessible only to Tunisian <strong>and</strong> Jordanian<br />

citizens. Egypt’s visa policy has gotten <strong>in</strong>creas<strong>in</strong>gly<br />

restrictive <strong>in</strong> recent years. At the time of<br />

writ<strong>in</strong>g, visa-free access to Egypt was open to<br />

Algerian, Moroccan <strong>and</strong> Tunisian citizens under<br />

the age of 14 only. Egyptians require a visa to<br />

enter Morocco, Tunisia <strong>and</strong> Algeria. Mauritania<br />

offers visa-free travel to citizens of Algeria, Libya<br />

<strong>and</strong> Tunisia. Mauritanians may travel to Tunisia<br />

<strong>and</strong> Algeria without a visa.<br />

Detailed <strong>in</strong>formation on visa policies with respect<br />

to other <strong>Africa</strong>n countries is provided <strong>in</strong><br />

the country-specific sections.<br />

—<br />

OTHER REGULATIONS<br />

—<br />

Tunisian citizens under the age of 35 must obta<strong>in</strong><br />

parental authorization to travel outside the<br />

country. Moreover, exit<strong>in</strong>g Tunisia requires payment<br />

of an exit stamp, at a cost of 30 d<strong>in</strong>ars.<br />

Egyptian men of military service age may face<br />

travel restrictions.<br />

—<br />

ROAD AND RAIL NETWORKS<br />

—<br />

Road <strong>and</strong>/or rail travel is generally possible<br />

with<strong>in</strong> <strong>North</strong> <strong>Africa</strong>n countries. However, border<br />

cross<strong>in</strong>gs are complicated or made impossible<br />

by ongo<strong>in</strong>g border disputes or security concerns.<br />

The Trans-Saharan Highway’s Route 1 connects<br />

Cairo to Nouakchott, via the coast. However, only<br />

selected segments of the route are practicable<br />

due to conflict areas <strong>and</strong> border closures. The only<br />

border cross<strong>in</strong>g that is practicable is the border<br />

between Tunisia <strong>and</strong> Algeria; some artists use<br />

these roads to travel <strong>in</strong> lieu of expensive flights.

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