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Art Moves Africa – Retracing Roots and Tracing New Routes: Mobility and Touring in North Africa

A study by Lara Bourdin for Art Moves Africa, October 2019

A study by Lara Bourdin for Art Moves Africa, October 2019

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—<br />

A<br />

L<br />

G<br />

E<br />

R<br />

I<br />

A<br />

—<br />

Visas<br />

· Algerian authorities have been known to apply<br />

visa restrictions arbitrarily, even to countries<br />

with which freedom of movement purportedly<br />

applies.<br />

· Access to Egypt has been particularly difficult<br />

for Algerian cultural actors.<br />

Lack of tra<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g<br />

Educational <strong>in</strong>stitutions exist for artistic tra<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g,<br />

but there are no opportunities for cultural<br />

managers to receive tra<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> Algeria.<br />

The notion of cultural <strong>in</strong>dustries rema<strong>in</strong>s<br />

embryonic here. <strong>–</strong> Zafira Ouartsi, founder <strong>and</strong><br />

director, <strong>Art</strong>issimo, Algiers*<br />

Culture of nepotism <strong>and</strong> <strong>in</strong>dividualism<br />

· Several respondents noted that the climate<br />

of poor / absent fund<strong>in</strong>g, lack of tra<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g <strong>and</strong><br />

isolationism has created a culture of nepotism<br />

<strong>and</strong> <strong>in</strong>dividualism.<br />

· On the one h<strong>and</strong>, a select number of groups<br />

<strong>and</strong> <strong>in</strong>dividuals who have managed to break<br />

<strong>in</strong>to <strong>in</strong>ternational markets have monopolized<br />

all opportunities.<br />

There are groups that have toured everywhere,<br />

that have used every fund, that have been to<br />

every music market. And then there are some<br />

that never move. There’s a category that has<br />

priority; it’s the ones who match the authorities’<br />

agendas. <strong>–</strong> Samy Abdelguerfi, booker, cultural<br />

policy researcher, Groupe de travail sur la politique<br />

culturelle en Algérie, Algiers / Paris*<br />

· On the other h<strong>and</strong>, those who have not yet had<br />

access to opportunities have had to compete,<br />

creat<strong>in</strong>g a climate of <strong>in</strong>dividualism.<br />

In Algiers, it can get very <strong>in</strong>dividualistic. Everyone<br />

is try<strong>in</strong>g to break the other person’s career. There<br />

are so few of us, <strong>and</strong> yet we’ve been shoot<strong>in</strong>g<br />

each other <strong>in</strong> the feet <strong>in</strong>stead of help<strong>in</strong>g one<br />

another. <strong>–</strong> Samy Abdelguerfi*<br />

54<br />

Country-Specific Information<br />

Racism<br />

· Racism has been exacerbated <strong>in</strong> recent years<br />

due to the migration crisis.<br />

· Algeria has taken a tough st<strong>and</strong>, adopt<strong>in</strong>g a<br />

security-based approach, crim<strong>in</strong>aliz<strong>in</strong>g migration<br />

<strong>in</strong> 2008 <strong>and</strong> sign<strong>in</strong>g agreements with Niger<br />

to deport migrants at the border.<br />

· Algeria cont<strong>in</strong>ues to be an important dest<strong>in</strong>ation<br />

for scholarship holders from Sub-Saharan<br />

<strong>Africa</strong>n countries, but they face discrim<strong>in</strong>ation.<br />

It’s the lack of knowledge of Sub-Saharan <strong>Africa</strong><br />

that creates racism toward students. It depends<br />

on the cities ; <strong>in</strong> some, students have an easier<br />

time <strong>in</strong>tegrat<strong>in</strong>g. <strong>–</strong> Houari Bouchenak, photographer,<br />

Collectif 220, Algiers / Tlemcen*<br />

—<br />

QUOTE:<br />

« It’s the lack of knowledge of Sub-Saharan<br />

<strong>Africa</strong> that creates racism toward students.<br />

It depends on the cities; <strong>in</strong> some, students<br />

have an easier time <strong>in</strong>tegrat<strong>in</strong>g. »<br />

Houari Bouchenak<br />

Photographer, Collectif 220,<br />

Tlemcen*<br />

—<br />

—<br />

QUOTE:<br />

« Recently we made an<br />

anti-racism video. There was an <strong>in</strong>cident <strong>in</strong><br />

2017 ; everyone was manipulated.<br />

A Sub-Saharan man attacked a woman.<br />

Everyone came out to say that migrants<br />

should stay <strong>in</strong> their home countries.<br />

I got a group of young people together.<br />

I’m the first to mobilize people <strong>–</strong> I was say<strong>in</strong>g<br />

“you’re aga<strong>in</strong>st <strong>Africa</strong>ns, but<br />

WE are <strong>Africa</strong>ns!”. »<br />

Sadek Bouz<strong>in</strong>ou<br />

S<strong>in</strong>ger /songwriter, Democratoz,<br />

Oran / Dakar*<br />

Watch the video for<br />

“At<strong>in</strong>i Yedak” here<br />

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