Organic Farmer October/November 2019


Not all scaling up is through wholesale

marketing. Johnson’s Backyard Garden, literally

started in Brenton Johnson’s Backyard. Now it is

the largest organic farm and CSA in Texas.

Continued from Page 4

for your farm or written your goals

down, see the ATTRA publication

Evaluating a Farming Enterprise for a

goals worksheet at https://attra.ncat.


php?pub=277. Most farmers choose

to expand due to market factors. If

market demand increases or changing

to an intermediate or wholesale market

channel is in order, expansion will be


Market Assessment and


Expanding your farm requires a wellthought-out

marketing plan. Wholesale

markets require product quality and

consistency. It is important to consider

whether or not you are able to produce

a quality product consistently throughout

the season. One of the best ways

to make this determination is through

excellent planning and record keeping.

Did you produce more product at a

consistent quality than you could sell?

Then expansion may be a good choice.

Intermediate markets are a good

segue into larger wholesale channels.

Producers are one step removed from

the end user—think small grocery

stores, restaurants, aggregators. They

allow the producer to maintain a brand

identity and have a higher return on

their product. They are ideal for midscale

producers and are a great way for

farmers to dabble in wholesale markets

and farm expansion, but with a lower

risk. Below is an overview of intermediate

marketing channels to consider

when expanding your farm:

Grocery Stores

Grocery stores vary widely in their

volume and food-safety requirements.

Independent grocery stores and food

cooperatives can be more amenable to

limited volume and lack of consistency.

Larger chain grocery stores may have

shelving fees and regional distribution

models that might make it harder to

break into supplying them. The best

way to find out about grocery store

requirements is to contact the produce


See the ATTRA Marketing Tipsheet

Tips for Selling to Grocery Stores



There are several very large farms that

sell through a community supported

agriculture (CSA) model. CSAs are

complex in that you have to manage

a lot of different crops as well as deal

with your customers. It is important to

have experience selling through a CSA

before expanding to a larger scale. It is

also important to consider your goals

for expansion. Is your expansion goal

to specialize and simplify the number

and types of crops that you grow? If so,

a CSA is probably not a good marketing


For more information, see ATTRA’s

publication Tips for Selling

through CSAs



Selling to restaurants can be a great way

to scale up the farm. This opportunity

really depends on the restaurant and

their purchasing volume, however.

Some restaurants will want small

quantities of very specialized products

from farmers but buy larger quantity

items from a wholesale distributor.

Contact chefs that have expressed a

desire to purchase local foods. Many

local food organizations have events

that connect producers with restaurant

and other wholesale markets. Keep an

eye out for these types of events locally.

Some restaurants and grocery stores are

willing to finance equipment purchases.

Gallatin Valley Botanical in Bozeman,

Montana worked with a large restaurant

in Bozeman to scale up their farm. Ale

Works has partnered with Matt and

Jacy Rothschiller since 2010, when they

invested in the family’s organic vision at

a key moment when expansion capital

was needed.

Their first initiative—Cash for

Carrots—helped Matt and Jacy purchase

farm equipment to expand their

carrot production such as a seeder and

root washer. Ale Works was paid back

in veggies. The collaboration earned Ale

Works an EcoStar award in 2014.

They also stepped up to help the family

purchase neighboring Rocky Creek

Farm in 2018, increasing their acreage

and ensuring the longevity of an organic

family farm just three miles outside

busy downtown Bozeman. (Montana

Ale Works, 2019)

Aggregators and Food Hubs

If your operation is not quite large

enough to reach wholesale volumes, you

may need to aggregate your product

with products from other growers.

This can pose a challenge for product

quality, consistency, and traceability.

Aggregating can also have significant

implications for food safety and marketing

(Day-Farnsworth et al., 2009).


Organic Farmer October/November 2019

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines