Wellenreiter

danielblau

WELLENREITER


WELLENREITER

A photograph is the result of an interplay between physical and chemical processes

and the subject in front of the camera.

The technical challenges posed by space photography are particularly obvious in

these early astronomical pictures.


The First Early Years of Radio Transmitted Pictures

Rapid technological advances in the 1920s paved the way for electronic

transmission of images by cable and radio.

In 1946 an adapted German V2 rocket equipped with scientific instruments

and an automatic 35mm motion picture camera (instead of the usual

explosives) took off from White Sands, New Mexico, taking photographs of

Earth at a record‐breaking altitude of 65 miles above the ground. These

were the first images of our planet to be taken from space. This venture was

a significant step towards bringing humans into space and back again.

In April 1961 Yuri Gagarin became the first person to orbit the Earth. Later

that year, automatic cameras travelling on-board the Mercury‐Atlas 5 along

with chimpanzee Enos captured the Earth in color.

In March 1965, Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov conducted the first

spacewalk in history, filmed by a camera he attached to the outside of the

ship. Back on Earth, black and white film stills were printed and broadcast

around the globe. These technically raw pictures continue to have a visual

impact. They are comparable to Capa’s D-Day photos printed from injured

negatives in that the materiality of these historic pictures link them indelibly

to the time and place of their making. In comparison, the technically brilliant

color pictures of Ed White’s spacewalk the same year are almost too

picturesque to be truly exciting. All of the above photographs were printed

from negative film brought back to Earth.

On October 7, 1955 the Russian probe Luna 3 had already radioed back to

Earth the first ever glimpse of the Moon’s far side in the form of mysterious

black and white grainy images. Luna 9 (1966) transmitted not only the first

ever photo taken on the surface of the Moon but also the first panoramic

picture and, incidentally, the first self-portrait in space.


Some of these photographs are impossible to decipher without additional

information. The few photos Luna 3 managed to take of the Moon‘s far side

and send back to Earth are of very high contrast and low quality. They look

more like 1950’s Abstract Expressionist paintings than photos of the Moon.

These graphic images were our first glimpse of the other side of our friend in

space, whom until this moment we had only seen from one perspective.

Mission Ranger gave us photographic evidence of the first artificial

intelligence suicide in space, when one after the other the spacecrafts

crashed on the moon, while radioing back picture after picture until impact.

Maybe NASA scientists had the famous Méliès image of a rocket sticking in

the Moon’s squinting eye in mind when they conceived the Ranger missions.

On July 14, 1965, four years before man set foot on the moon, Mariner IV

radioed the first close-up images of Mars back to Earth. The area shown is

fittingly named Elysium.

In August 1966 Lunar Orbiter I started to systematically photograph the

Moon‘s surface. All four Lunar Orbiter missions were to cover almost the

entire surface in incredible detail. The onboard camera system functioned

almost like a passport photo machine. The exposed negative film was

developed in a heated chamber, scanned and radioed back to earth.

Some of the most magical and esoteric photographic pictures have been

created as by-products of 20th Century scientific space missions. Many of

these pictures are the visual manifestation of historic events. Airbrush, crop

marks or writing on front and back sometimes add to the Zeitgeist of these

objects. Early on, these particular pictures had already been recognised as

significant fragments of our post-WWII history.

This booklet is published on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of man’s

first step on another heavenly body.


2. American Telephone & Telegraph Co. (AT&T), May 19, 1924

“Photo Phoned in Five Minutes! Cleveland, Ohio, the High Level Bridge Over Cuyahoga

River” (One of the earliest successfully wire transmitted and received photos)


3. Unidentified Photographer, 1926,

“John Logie Baird on TV, Early Example of Television Transmission in London”


4. René Barthélémy, February 1930,

“Rugby Game”

(Very early example of radio transmitted and recieved photograph by Belinograph)


5. White Sands Missile Range, V2 Rocket, 1946,

“Photo of Earth from the Thermosphere Taken by a Camera Attached to a V2 Rocket”

► 6. Roskosmos · Luna 3, October 7, 1959,

“First Picture of the Far Side of the Moon”


7. NASA · Mariner IV, July 14, 1965

“Man’s First Close-Up Photograph of Mars Showing Elysium”


8. NASA · Ranger VIII, February 20, 1965,

“The Moment of Impact at Mare Cognitum. Television Picture Transmitted by Ranger VIII”

(First close-up picture of the Moon’s surface)


◄ 9. NASA · Surveyor I, June 13, 1966,

“Moon Surface, Day 164”

(Surveyor I, USA’s fi rst successful Lunar Lander touched down on June 2, 1966)

10. NASA · Surveyor VI, November 21, 1967,

“Moon Surface, Day 325”


11. NASA · Surveyor I, June 2, 1966

“Surveyor I (Foot no. 3)”

(First American picture transmitted from the surface of the Moon)


12. Roskosmos · Zond 3, July 20, 1965,

“The Moon’s Far Side Photographed on the Way to Mars”


13. NASA · Surveyor III, April 30, 1967

“First Color Photo of Crescent Earth Taken from the Moon”


14. NASA · Surveyor III, April 24, 1967,

“The First Solar Eclipse Seen from the Moon”


15. NASA · Orbiter V, August 8, 1967,

“First Photo Taken from Space of Full Earth”


16. NASA · Orbiter II, November 23, 1966

“Floor of Copernicus Crater”


17. Roskosmos · Luna 9, February 3, 1966,

“View of the Ocean Of Storms”

(The First Picture Taken on the Moon)

► 18. NASA · Orbiter I, August 25, 1966,

“Second Photo of Earth as Seen from Lunar Orbit”


19. NASA · Orbiter I, August 23, 1966,

“Earth Rise Over the Moon” (First photo of Earth as seen from Lunar Orbit)



20. Roskosmos · Luna 9, February 3, 1966,

“First Photograph and Panorama Taken on the Moon”


21. Roskosmos · Luna 17, February 7, 1971,

“Tire Tracks from Lunokhod 1 on the Moon’s Surface”


22. NASA · Orbiter V, 1967

“The Far Side of Our Moon from Censorinus to Littrow”


23. NASA · Orbiter V, 1967

“The Moon”

► 24. NASA · Apollo XI, July 20, 1969

“Aldrin and Armstrong Setting Up the American Flag”

(Live transmission still of the first men on the Moon)


25. NASA · Viking Orbiter I, 1979

“A Snow Covered Polar Cap of Mars”


26. NASA · Viking Orbiter II, July 1976,

“Mars, Water-Ice Clouds Trail from Ascraeus Mons”


27. NASA · Viking II, September 25, 1977

“Viking Lander II on Mars” (Frost on Mars)


28. NASA · Viking Lander I, July 21, 1976,

“First Color Photo Taken on Mars, Chryse Planitia”

(First photograph taken on another planet, color calibrated to Earth atmospheric conditions)


29. NASA · Viking Lander I, August 20, 1976

“Sunset Over Chryse Planitia on Mars” (First picture of a sunset on another planet)


30. NASA · Voyager I, December 10/11, 1978,

“Jupiter”


31. NASA · Voyager II, July 3, 1979

“Jupiter ‘The Red Spot’”

► 32. NASA · Voyager II, 1981,

“The Outer Planets, Saturn, Jupiter, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto”


33. NASA · Voyager II, July 1979,

“Jupiter in Silhouette”


34. Roskosmos, March 3, 1982,

“Venera 13 Lander - First Photo Taken on Venus” (View of Venus behind Lander)


INDEX

1. Unidentified Photographer

“TV Still of the Live Broadcast on July 20, 1969

of the Apollo XI Landing on the Moon”, July 20,

1969, color print on matte paper, printed in

1969, 7,9 (8,9) x 7,9 (8,9) cm, (10315)

2. American Telephone & Telegraph Co. (AT&T )

“Photo Phoned in Five Minutes! Cleveland, Ohio,

the High Level Bridge Over Cuyahoga River”,

May 19, 1924, silver gelatin print on semi matte

fibre paper, printed by May 19, 1924,

10,3 x 15,8 cm, (9704)

3. Unidentified Photographer

“John Logie Baird on TV, Early Example of

Television Transmission in London”, 1926, silver

gelatin print on glossy fibre paper, printed by May

19, 1926, 20,3 (21,5) x 15,5 (16,5) cm, (9871)

4. René Barthélémy

“Rugby Game”, February 1930, Cyanotype,

printed in February 1930, 10,3 x 13,4 cm, (2471)

5. White Sands Missile Range, V2 Rocket

“Photo of Earth from the Thermosphere Taken by

a Camera Attached to a V2 Rocket”, 1946, silver

gelatin print on matte fibre paper, printed by

September 2, 1953,

19,1 (20,3) x 24,1 (25,3) cm, (10116)

6. Roskosmos · Luna 3

“First Picture of the Far Side of the Moon”,

October 7, 1959, (Detail) silver gelatin print on

glossy fibre paper, printed c. 1959,

17,7 (18,6/25,8) x 12,2 (13/22) cm, (6050)

7. NASA · Mariner IV

“Man’s First Close-Up Photograph of Mars

Showing Elysium”, July 14, 1965, silver gelatin

print on glossy fibre paper, printed July 1965,

20,0 (20,8) x 17,01(20,5) cm, (10282)

8. NASA · Ranger VIII

“The Moment of Impact at Mare Cognitum.

Television Picture Transmitted by Ranger VIII”,

February 20, 1965, silver gelatin print on glossy

fibre paper, printed c. 1965,

24,2 (25,4) x 19,5 (20,4) cm, (7783)

9. NASA · Surveyor I

“Moon Surface, Day 164”, June 13, 1966, (Detail)

collage of silver gelatin prints inscribed with ink

and stapled to a blueprint, printed June 1966,

35,7 (75,5) x 30,8 (34,3) cm, (3382)

10. NASA · Surveyor VI

“Moon Surface, Day 325”, November 21, 1967,

collage of gelatin silver prints inscribed with ink

and stapled to a blueprint, printed November

1967, 74,3 (78,5) x 31,0 (36,8) cm, (3387)

11. NASA · Surveyor I

“Surveyor 1 (Foot no. 3)”, June 2, 1966, silver

gelatin print on glossy fibre paper, printed in

1966, 25,4 (19,2) x 19,4 (20,3) cm, (10314)


12. Roskosmos · Zond 3

“The Moon’s Far Side Photographed on the Way

to Mars”, July 20, 1965, silver gelatin print on

glossy fibre paper, printed in 1965,

18,3 (20,2) x 18,7 (25,2) cm, (6116)

18. NASA · Orbiter I

“Second Photo of Earth as Seen from Lunar

Orbit”, August 25, 1966, (Detail) silver gelatin

print on matte fibre paper, printed in 1966,

45,6 x 56,3 cm, (4423)

13. NASA · Surveyor III

“First Color Photo of Crescent Earth Taken from

the Moon”, April 30, 1967, color print on glossy

fibre paper, printed in 1967,

23,9 (25,2) x 19,0 (20,2) cm, (8764)

19. NASA · Orbiter I

“Earth Rise Over the Moon”, August 23, 1966,

collage of two silver gelatin prints on glossy fibre

paper, printed in 1966,

48,2 (50,4) x 19,4 (20,5) cm, (10291)

14. NASA · Surveyor III

“The First Solar Eclipse Seen From the Moon”,

April 24, 1967, color print on glossy fibre paper,

printed in 1967, 23,9 (25,2) x 19,1 (20,2) cm,

(8765)

15. NASA · Orbiter V

“First Photo Taken from Space of Full Earth”,

August 8, 1967, (Detail) silver gelatin print on

matte fibre paper, printed in 1967,

55,9 x 47,8 cm, (4496)

16. NASA · Orbiter II

“Floor of Copernicus Crater”, November 23,

1966, silver gelatin print on glossy fibre paper,

printed c. 1966, 23,9 (25,2) x 19 (20,2), (10295)

17. Roskosmos · Luna 9

“View of the Ocean Of Storms (The First Picture

Taken on the Moon)”, February 3, 1966, silver

gelatin print on matte fibre paper, printed by

February 5, 1966, 29,8 x 30,8 cm, (10246)

20. Roskosmos · Luna 9

“First Photograph and Panorama Taken on the

Moon”, February 3, 1966, (Detail) 7 silver gelatin

prints on semi-glossy fibre paper, printed by

February 5, 1966, each c. 16,9 (20,8) x 26,5 (27,8)

cm, (10239 - 10245)

21. Roskosmos · Luna 17

“Tire Tracks from Lunokhod 1 on the Moon’s

Surface”, February 7, 1971, collage of three silver

gelatin prints on semi-glossy fibre paper, printed

in 1971, 14,0 x 65,7 cm, (10247)

22. NASA · Orbiter V

“The Far Side of Our Moon from Censorius to

Littrow”, 1967, (Detail) original collage of three

silver gelatin prints on matte fibre paper, printed

by October 2, 1967, 42,5 (48,0) x 49,7 (56,3) cm,

(10293)

23. NASA · Orbiter V

“The Moon”, 1967, original collage of three silver

gelatin prints on matte fibre paper, printed in

1967, 42,0 (46,0) x 47,6 (51,6) cm, (10294)


24. NASA · Apollo XI

“Aldrin and Armstrong Setting Up the American

Flag”, July 20, 1969, (Detail) silver gelatin print

on glossy fibre paper, printed in 1969,

19,2 (20,3) x 24,1 (25,9) cm, (10290)

25. NASA · Viking Orbiter I

“A Snow Covered Polar Cap of Mars”, 1979,

collage of 12 silver gelatin prints on matte PE

fibre paper, printed in 1979,

20,7 (40,6) x 43,4 (101) cm, (5405)

26. NASA · Viking Orbiter II

“Mars, Water-Ice Clouds Trail from Ascraeus

Mons”, July 1976, coated dye transfer print on

fibre paper, printed in the 1970s, 25,2 x 20 cm,

(8355)

27. NASA · Viking II

“Viking Lander II on Mars”, September 25, 1977,

color print on semi-matte fibre paper, printed in

1977, 24,1 (25,6) x 9,8 (20,2) cm, (8768)

28. NASA · Viking Lander I

“First Color Photo Taken on Mars, Chryse

Planitia”, July 21, 1976, color print on matte

paper, printed by July 21, 1976, 20,8 x 25,0 cm,

(10316)

29. NASA · Viking Lander I

“Sunset Over Chryse Planitia on Mars”, August

18, 1976, (Detail) JPL presentation color print on

fibre paper on original masonite mount,

printed in 1976, 73,7 x 101,5 cm, (3361)

30. NASA · Voyager I

“Jupiter”, December 10/11, 1978,

silver gelatin print on glossy fibre paper, printed

in 1978/79, 23,7 x 25,2 cm, (3864)

31. NASA · Voyager II

“Jupiter ‘The Red Spot’”, July 3, 1979, JPL

presentation color print on fibre paper, printed in

1979,75,2 x 79,0 cm, (3367)

32. NASA · Voyager II

“The Outer Planets, Saturn, Jupiter, Uranus,

Neptune and Pluto”, 1979-81, (Detail) varnished

dye transfer print on original mount, printed by

June 1981, 46,8 x 59,8 cm, (10284)

33. NASA · Voyager II

“Jupiter in Silhouette”, July 1979, (Detail)

varnished dye transfer print on original mount,

printed by June 1981, 50,4 x 40,1 cm, (10283)

34. Roskosmos

“Venera 13 Lander - First Photo Taken on Venus”,

March 3, 1982, silver gelatin print on glossy fibre

paper, printed c. 1982, 15,3 x 51,6 cm, (2454)

35. NASA · Voyager II

“Saturn and two of his Satellites Dione and

Enceladus”, August 11, 1981, color print, printed

in 1981, 24,5 (25,7) x 19,3 (20,2) cm, (2599)


35. NASA · Voyager II, August 11, 1981,

“Saturn and two of his Satellites Dione and Enceladus”


Daniel Blau

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80539 Munich

contact@danielblau.com

+ 49 (0) 89 29 73 42

www.danielblau.com

Printed and bound by Pelo-Druck Lohner oHG

Paper content: Offset 50 g/m2

Paper cover: Olin, Rough, cream, 200g/m2

ISBN: 978-3-00-063885-5

AUTHOR AND EDITOR

Daniel Blau

LAYOUT

Christiane Wunsch

PROOF READING AND EDITING

Carrie Foulkes

COPYRIGHT

This Publication © Daniel Blau

All illustrations except #1-6, #12 #17, #20, #21, #34 © NASA, Courtesy Daniel Blau, Munich

# 1,3: © Unidenitfied Photographer, Courtesy Daniel Blau, Munich

# 2: © American Telephone & Telegraph Co. (AT&T), Courtesy Daniel Blau, Munich

# 4: © René Barthélémy, Courtesy Daniel Blau, Munich

# 5: © White Sands Missile Range, V2 Rocket, Courtesy Daniel Blau, Munich

# 6,12,17,20,21,34: © Roskosmos, Courtesy Daniel Blau, Munich

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by

any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or any information storage or retrieval

system, without permission in writing from the editor.

2019 © Daniel Blau, Munich

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