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The Politics of Clean Energy (Solar, Wind Farm, Geothermal, Hydro, Green Buildings, Waste Management) Renewable Green Leaders magazine, Nov2019

GineersNow Renewable Green Leaders magazine is featuring the political side of the clean energy, waste management, sustainability and recycling. Read the latest GineersNow articles and stories about biothermal, geothermal, energy efficiencies, hydropower, green buildings, recycling, solar, sustainability, upcycling, storage, tidal power, waste and wind energy at www.gineersnow.com Follow our engineering magazines, social media and blogs: Yumpu https://www.yumpu.com/user/gineersnow ISSUU https://issuu.com/gineersnow Linkedin https://www.linkedin.com/company/gineersnow Twitter https://twitter.com/gineersnow Facebook https://www.facebook.com/GineersNow/ Instagram https://www.instagram.com/gineersnow/ Tumblr https://www.tumblr.com/blog/gineersnowtv Vimeo https://vimeo.com/gineersnow Youtube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCaYoLlHHl6oBR3pXC9lY9eg

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N O V E M B E R 2 0 1 9<br />

N E W S<br />

REC <strong>Solar</strong> Trina <strong>Solar</strong> Asia-Pacific $10.6 Bn<br />

Outdoor Lighting<br />

Market to 2024<br />

34 38 42


E D I T O R ‘ S N O T E<br />

From the sun to the<br />

running water, our Earth<br />

is packed with tons<br />

<strong>of</strong> renewable energy<br />

sources available for use.<br />

<strong>The</strong>se energy sources<br />

significantly impact the<br />

environment in a positive way,<br />

improving public health and<br />

alleviating global warming. In<br />

hopes <strong>of</strong> dramatically reducing<br />

carbon footprint, most local<br />

governments and private<br />

institutions are looking for<br />

ways to fully integrate various<br />

renewable energy sources<br />

into their system. But this has<br />

proved to be easier said than<br />

done.<br />

<strong>Renewable</strong> <strong>Energy</strong><br />

<strong>Politics</strong><br />

Fossil Fuels<br />

Today, the majority <strong>of</strong> the world<br />

still prefers to use fossil fuels<br />

like coals. Almost half <strong>of</strong> the<br />

globe’s electricity is still from<br />

the use <strong>of</strong> coals.<br />

While scientists and<br />

researchers are painting a<br />

good image <strong>of</strong> renewable<br />

energy sources, most <strong>of</strong> the<br />

world is still not ready to<br />

accommodate this technology.<br />

<strong>The</strong> cost <strong>of</strong> putting up fossil<br />

fuel plants are significantly<br />

less than venturing out in the<br />

renewable energy field. This,<br />

in turn, greatly affects the<br />

adoption the renewable<br />

energy technologies.<br />

Policies and Money<br />

<strong>The</strong> adoption <strong>of</strong> renewable<br />

energy sources in a country<br />

basically requires two things:<br />

policies and money.<br />

Without policies to dictate what<br />

and what not to do, the private<br />

investors chose to not<br />

participate in the<br />

advancement since this poses<br />

a high risk in their investments.<br />

And since most <strong>of</strong> the<br />

renewable energy<br />

technologies require funds to<br />

be implemented, this serves<br />

as a major downfall in the<br />

spreading <strong>of</strong> the technology.<br />

Global Warming<br />

But the need and demand for<br />

these renewable energy<br />

sources are increasing by the<br />

minute. We need to be<br />

actively involved in campaigns<br />

to reduce global warming and<br />

climate change.<br />

To overcome the barriers<br />

hindering the adoption <strong>of</strong> renewable<br />

energy technologies<br />

in any country, it is imperative<br />

to spread awareness and build<br />

the technological capability <strong>of</strong><br />

the adopting state.<br />

This way, policymakers will be<br />

more knowledgeable about<br />

the technologies, thus creating<br />

suitable and implementable<br />

regulations and standards.<br />

4


Regional Office: LG Electronics Gulf FZE, P.O Box 61445, Dubai. Tel: +971 4 279 9222, UAE, Mr. Amjad Abu Alika, Tel: +971 50 450 9808, email: amjad.abualika@lge.com; Fortune<br />

International Trading LLC, Mr. Wail Halbouni, Tel: +971 50 481 3570, email: fortintl@emirates.net.ae; Ghantoot Trading, Mr. Nour Haboush, Tel: +971 50 109 4109, email:<br />

nour.h@ghantootgroup.ae; District Cooling Company, Mr. Ahmed Henedi, Tel: +971 50 658 4832, email: ahmed@districtcoolingcompany.com; Al Yousuf Electronics, Mr. Moitra, Tel: +971<br />

50 457 6170, email: pmoitra@alyousuf.com; Bahrain, AJM Kooheji and Sons, Mr. Jayachandran, Tel: +973 36888801, email: v.jayachandran@ajmkooheji.com: Al Babtain Air Conditioning &<br />

Refrigeration Co., Mr. Naji Kataya, Tel: +965 5 051 5771, email: nkataya@albabtaingroup.com,kw; BLK, Mr. Imad Rhayel, Tel: +965 5 157 1229, email: irhayel@blk.com.kw; Oman, Oman<br />

Gulf Enterprise, Mr. Narender Kumar, Tel: +968 9 747 4505, email: narenderk@otegroup.com; Aspire Projects and Service, Mr. Vivek Wagh, Tel: +968 99357694, email:<br />

vivekwagh@aspireoman.com; Azerbaijan, NBC LLC., Mr. Elkhan Sadikhov, Tel: +994 50 216 3363, email: elkhan.sadikhov@nbc.com; Al-Con Maxiwell Group, Mr. Vagif Alexperov, Tel: +<br />

994 50 216 2092, email: maxiwellbaku@inbox.ru; Armenia/Georgia, ARAY Gulf, Mr. Vilson Melikjanyan, Tel: +374 9 307 7755, email: vilson@aray.am; Yemen, Modern House<br />

Exhibition, Mr. Khaled Jabr, Tel: +967 71 172 0202, email: mail@mhe-yemen.com; Pakistan, Iceberg Industries (Lucky Goldstar), Mr. Imran Jamil Khan, Tel: +923 21 277 6100, email:<br />

ceo@icebergindustries.net


C O N T E N T S<br />

10<br />

How to Choose the Right Paint<br />

and Color for Your Home<br />

14<br />

Advantages <strong>of</strong> Installing Multi<br />

Variable DC Inverter VRF<br />

System in PH <strong>Buildings</strong><br />

18<br />

<strong>Politics</strong> and the <strong>Renewable</strong><br />

Industry<br />

34<br />

REC <strong>Solar</strong> saves California<br />

school district millions through<br />

innovative solar energy<br />

solutions<br />

38<br />

Trina <strong>Solar</strong> recognized as “Top<br />

Performer” module<br />

manufacturer by PVEL/DNV GL,<br />

fifth time in a row<br />

42<br />

Asia-Pacific $10.6 Bn Outdoor<br />

Lighting Market to 2024 - Shift<br />

from Conventional Lights<br />

Toward <strong>Solar</strong> Powered Lights<br />

46<br />

Yanmar Completes Acquisition<br />

<strong>of</strong> North American Loader<br />

Manufacturer ASV Holdings<br />

50<br />

James Fisher Offshore<br />

increases Middle East<br />

decommissioning activities with<br />

major <strong>of</strong>fshore jacket removal<br />

project in Saudi Arabia.<br />

54<br />

Rockwell Automation<br />

Expands Its Threat<br />

Detection Services<br />

Globally<br />

58<br />

<strong>The</strong> Most Innovative and<br />

Applicable Projects for the<br />

Recovery and Reuse <strong>of</strong><br />

Water Resources<br />

62<br />

Project Engineers Win<br />

Construction Contracts<br />

Putting <strong>The</strong>se Skills to Test<br />

70<br />

How Engineering Can Keep<br />

In-Person Casinos Alive<br />

6


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STATIONARY N2<br />

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BAUER CONNECT<br />

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FEATURE STORY<br />

How to Choose the Right Paint and<br />

Color for Your Home<br />

Building your dream house is not an easy task;<br />

painting your dream house is a whole different<br />

story. <strong>The</strong> color <strong>of</strong> both your exterior and interior<br />

walls says a lot about the vibes <strong>of</strong> your entire house.<br />

But while it is easy to look at the broad array <strong>of</strong><br />

color options in the hardware store, picking the best<br />

ones to fit your house might not be as easy.<br />

Whether it’s your first time or your second, the<br />

paint job is not always a piece <strong>of</strong> cake. But you need<br />

not worry about that anymore. Here are a few tips<br />

and tricks to help you in decorating<br />

(or redecorating) your home.<br />

Pick your room color starting from the<br />

largest and most centrally located room.<br />

<strong>The</strong> biggest part <strong>of</strong> the house is always a great place<br />

to start imagining what your color palette would<br />

look like. It can be either your living room or<br />

kitchen. A s<strong>of</strong>t, neutral hue for this room, like the<br />

colors <strong>of</strong> Rain or Shine’s ROS Classic, will make the<br />

color selection a lot easier for you. From there, it<br />

should be easy to move on to the next spaces in the<br />

house.<br />

Create a palette with colors <strong>of</strong> the same hue.<br />

Once you’ve settled on the color <strong>of</strong> your main<br />

room, all you need to do now is to select the shades<br />

<strong>of</strong> the same hue for your walls and adjacent rooms.<br />

This will make the building <strong>of</strong> your palette easier<br />

and faster. Simply move on the next shade <strong>of</strong> that<br />

particular color and you’re done! <strong>The</strong> advantage <strong>of</strong><br />

this trick is that you’re sure that the final colors <strong>of</strong><br />

the rooms will blend well together.<br />

10


Separate the downstairs and upstairs rooms.<br />

When you’re working on two or three-story<br />

houses, it is best to work on the colors <strong>of</strong> both levels<br />

separately. Feel free to create one mood or theme<br />

for the downstairs space and another mood for the<br />

upstairs space. This will create a diversified vibe in<br />

your home and will not make it look<br />

monotonous.<br />

Use neutral colors for connecting spaces.<br />

Halls and landings are best painted with neutral<br />

colors such as white, greige, or beige. This will put<br />

the highlights in the colors <strong>of</strong> the room and not on<br />

the blank spaces in between. However, if you chose<br />

the mentioned colors for your rooms, then the<br />

connecting spaces should be painted with hues that<br />

are about a shade or two darker from the colors <strong>of</strong><br />

your room.<br />

Whether you’re looking forward to finally adorning<br />

your new home with inspirational colors or just<br />

simply want to redecorate your house and conceal<br />

ugly cracks and spaces, Rain or Shine Paint is ready<br />

to serve all your painting needs. Select from a wide<br />

variety <strong>of</strong> colors <strong>of</strong> the ROS Classic or the ROS<br />

Hi-Gloss for your interior paint. For your exterior<br />

walls, you can count on ROS Dirt Shield and ROS<br />

<strong>Hydro</strong> Lock to keep your walls free from leaks and<br />

cracks and prolong the exterior beauty <strong>of</strong> your<br />

house.<br />

11


FEATURE STORY<br />

Advantages <strong>of</strong> Installing Multi Variable DC<br />

Inverter VRF System in PH <strong>Buildings</strong><br />

When the air conditioning system in<br />

the <strong>of</strong>fice is faulty, you must decide<br />

between investing in a replacement<br />

or spending for another costly<br />

repair. Whether these units have been performing<br />

poorly from the get-go or are nearing the end <strong>of</strong><br />

their lives, these air conditioning systems, at their<br />

current state, cannot efficiently serve their purposes<br />

in the Philippines’ urban environment any longer.<br />

That being said, a Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF)<br />

air cooling and conditioning system is one <strong>of</strong> the<br />

must haves in cooling the places the average,<br />

ordinary, everyday working Filipinos frequent.<br />

Compared to traditional HVAC systems composed<br />

<strong>of</strong> a large central unit pumping out air to a whole<br />

new space, VRF system installations are gaining<br />

traction to urban locations. And, if one thing is for<br />

certain, there are countless business districts and<br />

high-rise buildings all around the metro just<br />

waiting to be cooled by a more efficient air<br />

conditioning system. This urban setting is perfect<br />

for the more efficient<br />

TMV5 is a new generation <strong>of</strong> multi-VRF systems,<br />

integrating central air conditioning.<br />

Having a TOSOT TMV-5 VRF system in the<br />

facility, whether it’s the most peaceful resort or the<br />

busiest casino in the metro, has a handful <strong>of</strong><br />

advantages. <strong>The</strong>se advantages can be surmised to<br />

overall operational efficiency, which is important<br />

for the facility visitors’ comfort and the least<br />

harmful to the wallet.<br />

While efficiency and cost effectiveness alone is<br />

enough to attract any facility owner, here are 5<br />

detailed reasons why the TOSOT TMV-5 VRF is a<br />

crystal clear front-runner compared to other HVAC<br />

systems for the Philippine urban setting.<br />

14


1. It does not interrupt the comfort <strong>of</strong> others<br />

A VRF system’s compressor unit is able to identify<br />

the requirements <strong>of</strong> each area and expel the exact<br />

amount <strong>of</strong> refrigerant needed to cool that room<br />

or area. <strong>The</strong> precision <strong>of</strong> these systems stamps out<br />

awkward cold spots, hot spots, and corrects <strong>of</strong>f<br />

humidity issues. <strong>The</strong> TOSOT TMV-5 VRF steps it<br />

up by using an All DC inverter technology to<br />

improve compression efficiency<br />

2. It is as silent as a breeze<br />

Instead <strong>of</strong> having one large, noisy central unit, the<br />

TOSOT TMV-5 VRF system is a quiet outdoor and<br />

indoor unit. <strong>The</strong>y are much smaller and generate<br />

less sound. Since a VRF’s louder condensers are<br />

located outside the building, these contraptions<br />

operate silently, ensuring a quiet environment for<br />

visitors and workers alike.<br />

3. It is energy efficient<br />

With up to 22 HP in a single outdoor unit and the<br />

ability to connect a maximum <strong>of</strong> 80 sets indoor<br />

units per system, you can cool more rooms at a<br />

lesser cost with the TMV-5. <strong>The</strong> system is also able<br />

to intercept heat and, as part <strong>of</strong> the cooling process,<br />

channel this heat to other locations in the building,<br />

which may need heating. This cyclical process is<br />

another indication <strong>of</strong> the VRF’s cost-effectiveness.<br />

4. It is clean, compact, and takes little space<br />

In response to the many minimalists and Marie<br />

Kondos who praise a clean, decluttered design,<br />

facility owners would be happy to know that these<br />

VRF systems are small-space friendly and have a<br />

beautiful, near seamless design. It will blend with<br />

the environment, operating effectively while<br />

staying invisible to the public eye. And, if you needs<br />

to move, this system also travels lightly. You can say<br />

goodbye to large maintenance room, service shafts,<br />

distribution pips, and water pumps. Lacking these<br />

results in an overall easier installation experience<br />

and a cleaner look. Still in the theme <strong>of</strong> cleanliness,<br />

<strong>The</strong> TOSOT TMV-5 VRF system also has<br />

an eco-friendly R410a refrigerant, lessening your<br />

carbon footprint while making you comfortable.<br />

5. It talks to you<br />

Everything utilizes smart technology nowadays, so<br />

it should come as no surprise that even air<br />

conditioning and cooling systems are jumping on<br />

that technological trend. TOSOT TMV-5 VRF<br />

system boasts ease <strong>of</strong> use and a smooth user<br />

experience with technologies such as nonpolar<br />

CAN technology to improve communication<br />

efficiency and season setting and key card control<br />

functions for added security. <strong>The</strong>se features allow<br />

users a less cluttered, less complex experience with<br />

the VRF system. It is like talking to the system itself.<br />

So, whether you own a little c<strong>of</strong>fee shop in one <strong>of</strong><br />

the nooks and crannies <strong>of</strong> urban Manila, or looking<br />

over the rest <strong>of</strong> the world from atop a corporate<br />

building floor, you can rest easier knowing the<br />

cold breeze you are feeling right now is thanks to<br />

a TOSOT TMV-5 VRF system somewhere in the<br />

building.<br />

15


WE CREATE THE<br />

INNOVATORS,<br />

LEADERS & THINKERS<br />

OF TOMORROW<br />

For over 20 years, American University <strong>of</strong> Sharjah (AUS) has been at the helm <strong>of</strong> the region’s intellectual, cultural and<br />

scientific development.<br />

As we enter our third decade, we are renewing our commitment to providing outstanding undergraduate and graduate<br />

education, and embarking on a new era <strong>of</strong> pioneering research.<br />

27 bachelor’s programs | 14 master’s programs | 4 research institutes | 3 research centers<br />

Executive Education | PhD in Engineering Systems <strong>Management</strong><br />

Learn more:<br />

www.aus.edu/cen<br />

AUS has been ranked in the world's top 50<br />

universities under 50 years <strong>of</strong> age.<br />

AUS has the highest percentage <strong>of</strong> international<br />

students <strong>of</strong> any ranked university in the world.


18


<strong>Renewable</strong> energy has been a<br />

significant research area since<br />

the early 2000s. <strong>The</strong><br />

development <strong>of</strong> this technology<br />

has proven to contribute<br />

significantly to alleviating<br />

poverty, expanding rural<br />

development, and fuelling<br />

industrial production and<br />

transportation. But while<br />

researchers are producing<br />

convincing benefits <strong>of</strong> renewable<br />

energy, there are still few people<br />

switching to technology, most<br />

notably in the developing<br />

countries.<br />

Fossil fuels remain the<br />

primary source <strong>of</strong> energy across<br />

the globe. Around forty percent<br />

<strong>of</strong> the electricity generated on<br />

a global level is from coal,<br />

making it a significant contributor<br />

to the energy supply across the<br />

world. But we are all well aware<br />

that such use is contributing<br />

significantly to global warming.<br />

To eliminate this, scientists and<br />

researchers are making<br />

sustainable energy more<br />

accessible to the world.<br />

However, there are still barriers<br />

and limitations that need to be<br />

overcome.<br />

In Africa, although there are<br />

numerous sources <strong>of</strong> renewable<br />

energy available, the<br />

development <strong>of</strong> such technology<br />

is particularly slow, mainly<br />

because <strong>of</strong> inadequate funds,<br />

lack <strong>of</strong> policies, and<br />

technological advancement<br />

limitations. This opens up a<br />

whole new world <strong>of</strong> possible<br />

solutions to end these limitations<br />

and barriers, some <strong>of</strong> which are<br />

highlighted below.<br />

19


C O V E R S T O R Y<br />

Barriers Hindering the Use <strong>of</strong> <strong>Renewable</strong> <strong>Energy</strong> Sources<br />

Political and Regulatory<br />

Barriers<br />

With renewable energy being<br />

a policy-driven market, it may<br />

be challenging to spread the<br />

technology if there are<br />

lacking policies and<br />

regulations overseeing this<br />

development. Because <strong>of</strong> the<br />

nature <strong>of</strong> the renewable<br />

energy structures, the need for<br />

policies and legal procedures<br />

is on demand. <strong>The</strong>se legalities<br />

are essential in increasing the<br />

interest <strong>of</strong> investors.<br />

Creating regulatory measures,<br />

standards, and codes could<br />

also minimize technological<br />

and regulatory risks <strong>of</strong><br />

investments in these projects,<br />

thus enhancing the adoption<br />

<strong>of</strong> renewable energy<br />

technologies into the country.<br />

However, most countries lack<br />

these policies, mainly because<br />

their renewable energy<br />

technologies are still in the<br />

making. <strong>The</strong> implementation <strong>of</strong><br />

a standard renewable energy<br />

policy is also hindered by the<br />

unsuitable application in every<br />

region.<br />

While some countries do have<br />

regulations and policies<br />

already drafted, they are still<br />

unimplemented due to being<br />

immature. Because <strong>of</strong> this<br />

reason alone, private sector<br />

participation is greatly<br />

affected. Without well-defined<br />

policies, no private investors<br />

want to participate in the<br />

funding <strong>of</strong> this infrastructures.<br />

Financial and Economic<br />

Barriers<br />

<strong>The</strong> adoption <strong>of</strong> renewable<br />

energy technologies<br />

dramatically depends on the<br />

economic status, initial capital,<br />

and transaction costs <strong>of</strong> the<br />

adopting country. Because<br />

the initial capital is expectedly<br />

high compared to the current<br />

energy sources in use today,<br />

the price alone discourages<br />

the use <strong>of</strong> the technology.<br />

Many producers prefer low<br />

initial investment costs, and<br />

seeing the amount <strong>of</strong> money<br />

22


they had to release, the high<br />

cost <strong>of</strong> investment is mostly<br />

affecting the adoption <strong>of</strong><br />

renewable energy technology.<br />

<strong>The</strong>re are also a lot <strong>of</strong><br />

transaction costs involved in<br />

the generation <strong>of</strong> renewable<br />

energy. This meant the total<br />

production cost is expected<br />

high. Compared to<br />

conventional fossil fuel plants,<br />

renewable energy projects<br />

require a complex planning<br />

and procurement process,<br />

something that affects the<br />

total cost and time frame <strong>of</strong><br />

the project. This, in turn,<br />

creates the image that<br />

renewable energy sources are<br />

expensive and unaffordable,<br />

both to the consumers and the<br />

producers.<br />

Steps on Breaking the<br />

Barriers Global Learning<br />

<strong>The</strong> future <strong>of</strong> renewable<br />

energy technologies lies<br />

substantially in spreading<br />

awareness and global<br />

learning, most notably in<br />

developing countries and<br />

emerging economies.<br />

Building technological<br />

capabilities through learning<br />

are considered a significant<br />

factor in deploying renewable<br />

energy sources, which in turn<br />

can result in reduced costs,<br />

improved performance, and<br />

mitigation <strong>of</strong> climate change.<br />

<strong>The</strong> technological capabilities,<br />

which includes technical<br />

knowledge and experience,<br />

is essential in building local<br />

capacity for poverty reduction,<br />

23


25


26<br />

Building<br />

technological<br />

capabilities<br />

through<br />

learning are<br />

considered a<br />

significant<br />

factor in<br />

deploying<br />

renewable<br />

energy sources


27


28


production, and<br />

socio-economic development.<br />

However, technological<br />

capabilities do not only<br />

include technical information<br />

but also utilizes skills and<br />

well-developed routines as<br />

well.<br />

Diffusion <strong>of</strong> Policy and<br />

Technology<br />

Diffusion mainly involves the<br />

communication <strong>of</strong> policy,<br />

technology, and innovations<br />

throughout the international<br />

system. Through the diffusion<br />

<strong>of</strong> policy and technology, the<br />

flow <strong>of</strong> information is<br />

sustained, and the adoption<br />

<strong>of</strong> renewable energy sources<br />

is highly possible. Although<br />

the spreading <strong>of</strong> this<br />

information to developing<br />

countries may seem like a<br />

difficult task to accomplish,<br />

there must be diffusion<br />

mechanisms ready to respond<br />

to the developing countries’<br />

needs and challenges,<br />

particularly in spreading<br />

feasible and socially<br />

acceptable renewable energy<br />

sources.<br />

-end-<br />

31


N E W S<br />

REC <strong>Solar</strong> saves California school district millions<br />

through innovative solar energy solutions<br />

Pleasanton Unified School District is the latest education system to work with REC <strong>Solar</strong> to<br />

deploy on-site solar plus storage solutions<br />

REC <strong>Solar</strong>, a subsidiary<br />

<strong>of</strong> Duke <strong>Energy</strong><br />

<strong>Renewable</strong>s, is<br />

working with the<br />

Pleasanton Unified School<br />

District in Pleasanton, Calif., to<br />

utilize solar plus energy storage<br />

solutions to significantly cut its<br />

emissions and save on energy<br />

costs.<br />

<strong>The</strong> project will include the<br />

installation <strong>of</strong> 1 megawatt (MW)<br />

<strong>of</strong> solar carports and a 660<br />

kilowatt-hour (kWh) battery<br />

energy storage system at<br />

Pleasanton Unified’s Amador<br />

Valley High School.<br />

<strong>The</strong> investment is projected to<br />

save the Pleasanton Unified<br />

School District more than $2.2<br />

million over the 25-year lifetime<br />

<strong>of</strong> the power purchase agreement,<br />

which will be financed by Duke<br />

<strong>Energy</strong> <strong>Renewable</strong>s.<br />

“Pleasanton Unified is a great<br />

example <strong>of</strong> the U.S. education<br />

market’s increasing desire to<br />

tap on-site solar generation<br />

combined with energy storage,”<br />

said Matt Walz, CEO <strong>of</strong> REC<br />

<strong>Solar</strong>. “By choosing solar plus<br />

storage, the district will further<br />

control costs under new time<strong>of</strong>-use<br />

rates, reduce demand<br />

charges and cut emissions during<br />

peak hours when the electric grid<br />

is stressed by high demand.”<br />

Pleasanton Unified, which is a<br />

public primary and secondary<br />

education school district located<br />

east <strong>of</strong> San Francisco, is the latest<br />

installation at more than 100<br />

California districts and<br />

schools where REC <strong>Solar</strong> has<br />

implemented clean energy<br />

generation and storage solutions.<br />

According to Wood Mackenzie<br />

Power & <strong>Renewable</strong>s, a<br />

leading energy research<br />

and consultancy firm, the<br />

Pleasanton Unified School<br />

District is an example <strong>of</strong> why<br />

education is one <strong>of</strong> the sectors<br />

driving 13-fold growth in energy<br />

storage globally by 2024.<br />

“Education services is the largest<br />

subsegment <strong>of</strong> commercial and<br />

industrial customers today,” said<br />

Brett Simon, senior storage<br />

analyst at Wood Mackenzie<br />

Power & <strong>Renewable</strong>s. “School<br />

boards and universities make<br />

ideal customers for storage<br />

34


developers. <strong>The</strong>y are willing to<br />

accept longer payback periods<br />

compared to private-sector<br />

customers, have multiple<br />

buildings to allow for many<br />

deployments from a single contract,<br />

and usually have needs for<br />

bill reduction and resilience.”<br />

“For many years it has been our<br />

goal to educate global citizens<br />

while focusing on projects that<br />

improve the health and<br />

well-being <strong>of</strong> our students, staff<br />

and community,” said David<br />

Haglund, Ed.D., Pleasanton<br />

Unified School District<br />

superintendent. “As cutting<br />

emissions is crucial to our global<br />

future, our project to install solar<br />

generation plus battery storage<br />

will benefit our students for<br />

decades.”<br />

Pleasanton Unified School<br />

District is also reconfiguring the<br />

parking lot at the school to<br />

maximize performance <strong>of</strong> the<br />

solar arrays while also enhancing<br />

the lot’s accessibility and safety<br />

features. <strong>The</strong> new solar arrays<br />

will provide up to 97% <strong>of</strong> the<br />

high school’s current energy use<br />

and greenhouse gas emissions<br />

elimination. Students will also<br />

have access to REC <strong>Solar</strong>’s<br />

<strong>Green</strong>power Monitor tool and<br />

data for hands-on learning<br />

opportunities.<br />

35


N E W S<br />

Trina <strong>Solar</strong> recognized as “Top Performer” module<br />

manufacturer by PVEL/DNV GL, fifth time in a row<br />

Trina <strong>Solar</strong>, the world<br />

leading global PV and<br />

smart energy total<br />

solution provider, was<br />

recently been recognized as the<br />

“Top Performer” among global<br />

PV module manufacturers by PV<br />

Evolution Labs (PVEL) and DNV<br />

GL. <strong>The</strong> company is one <strong>of</strong> only<br />

two PV module manufacturers<br />

with worldwide reach to garner<br />

the prestigious recognition for<br />

the fifth consecutive time since<br />

the Top Performer award was<br />

founded.<br />

<strong>The</strong> recognition <strong>of</strong><br />

“Top Performer” is based on PV<br />

Module Reliability Scorecard<br />

released by PVEL and DNV GL.<br />

<strong>The</strong> Scorecard is one <strong>of</strong> the most<br />

comprehensive comparisons <strong>of</strong><br />

PV module reliability test results<br />

publicly available on the market<br />

today. As an integrated<br />

certification program with a focus<br />

38


on module reliability and<br />

power generation performance,<br />

the test comprises 2-4x IEC<br />

thermal cycling, damp heat,<br />

dynamic mechanical load,<br />

humidity-freeze and PID<br />

attenuation tests.<br />

Trina <strong>Solar</strong> quality director Zhao<br />

Mengyu said, “It is encouraging<br />

to see that Trina <strong>Solar</strong> has been<br />

recognized as a Top Performer<br />

for the fifth time in a row.<br />

Rigorous raw materials control<br />

and production line<br />

management processes ensure<br />

the high reliability <strong>of</strong> our<br />

modules. Trina <strong>Solar</strong> is<br />

committed to providing<br />

customers with higher-reliability<br />

and higher-value PV modules.”<br />

<strong>The</strong> head <strong>of</strong> Trina <strong>Solar</strong>’s<br />

module reliability assurance<br />

center added, “We carry out<br />

several rounds <strong>of</strong> comprehensive<br />

ongoing reliability tests (ORTs)<br />

during the materials<br />

introduction process. Trina <strong>Solar</strong><br />

evaluates both materials and<br />

modules during its ORT process<br />

with more frequent ORTs for key<br />

components, such as packaging<br />

materials and PV backsheet, with<br />

the aim <strong>of</strong> ensuring<br />

comprehensive and strict control<br />

over the materials and products<br />

in mass production.”<br />

In terms <strong>of</strong> the production line<br />

manufacturing process, Trina<br />

<strong>Solar</strong> carries out a process quality<br />

control across the value chain.<br />

Nearly 100 control points are<br />

deployed for the entire silicon<br />

wafer and cell production<br />

processes, while over 100<br />

control points are configured for<br />

the overall module production<br />

process.<br />

39


N E W S<br />

Asia-Pacific $10.6 Bn Outdoor Lighting<br />

Market to 2024 - Shift from Conventional<br />

Lights Toward <strong>Solar</strong> Powered Lights<br />

<strong>The</strong> “Asia-Pacific Outdoor Lighting<br />

Market by Lighting Type, by<br />

Component, by Application, by<br />

Distribution Channel, by Country<br />

Market Size, Share, Development,<br />

Growth, and Demand<br />

Forecast, 2014-2024”<br />

Asia-Pacific (APAC) outdoor<br />

lighting market is predicted to<br />

attain a size <strong>of</strong> $10.6 billion by<br />

2024, progressing at a CAGR <strong>of</strong><br />

11.1%<br />

This is attributed to the<br />

increasing government initiatives<br />

promoting energy efficiency and<br />

the development <strong>of</strong> smart,<br />

LED-based outdoor lighting<br />

systems. In the APAC region, the<br />

growing number <strong>of</strong> smart city<br />

projects is creating ample<br />

opportunities for the players in<br />

the market.<br />

On the basis <strong>of</strong> lighting type, the<br />

APAC outdoor lighting market<br />

is divided into fluorescent lights,<br />

light-emitting diode (LED) lights,<br />

high-intensity discharge (HID)<br />

lamps, and plasma lamps. Among<br />

these, the LED lights category is<br />

projected to witness the fastest<br />

growth during the forecast<br />

period. This is ascribed to the<br />

rising demand for LED-based<br />

lighting in various applications<br />

areas, especially highways,<br />

stadiums, and tunnels. Moreover,<br />

countries such as India, China,<br />

and South Korea are <strong>of</strong>fering<br />

subsidies to users to replace incandescent<br />

lights with LEDs.<br />

<strong>The</strong> APAC outdoor lighting market<br />

is classified into retail<br />

and commercial distribution<br />

channels. Of these, in 2018, the<br />

commercial channel held the<br />

larger revenue share in the<br />

market due to the escalating<br />

demand for LED-based street<br />

lights in commercial spaces,<br />

such as parking lots, highways,<br />

airports, jogging tracks, bridges,<br />

and streets. End users<br />

including government<br />

organizations, contractors, and<br />

private builders prefer to buy<br />

lighting products directly from<br />

the manufacturers, leading to the<br />

growth <strong>of</strong> this category.<br />

<strong>The</strong> APAC outdoor lighting<br />

market is expected to<br />

register the fastest CAGR in<br />

42


India during 2019-2024 owing to<br />

the introduction <strong>of</strong> smart<br />

lighting solutions, advent <strong>of</strong><br />

intelligent lighting<br />

technologies, and rapid<br />

upgradation in outdoor<br />

lighting systems in the country.<br />

<strong>The</strong> eco-friendliness and<br />

cost-effectiveness <strong>of</strong> LED lights<br />

along with the development <strong>of</strong><br />

smart cities are boosting the<br />

adoption <strong>of</strong> such lights in the<br />

country.<br />

Additionally, the rising number<br />

<strong>of</strong> LED lights projects in areas<br />

such as Delhi, Maharashtra, and<br />

West Bengal are bolstering the<br />

sector in India.<br />

Increasing government initiatives<br />

in APAC countries to promote<br />

energy conservation and<br />

efficiency are strengthening the<br />

growth <strong>of</strong> the APAC outdoor<br />

lighting market. <strong>The</strong>re are<br />

various energy-efficiency projects<br />

lined up in the APAC region,<br />

which can decrease greenhouse<br />

gas emissions and thermal<br />

pollution. For instance, in 2015,<br />

the Indian government launched<br />

the Street Light National<br />

Programme (SLNP) to<br />

encourage the use <strong>of</strong> energyefficient<br />

lighting products in the<br />

country. Under the project, the<br />

government aimed to replace 35<br />

million conventional lights with<br />

LED lights.<br />

Furthermore, in 2016, the<br />

Institute <strong>of</strong> Public Works<br />

Engineering Australasia<br />

(IPWEA) and the Government<br />

<strong>of</strong> Australiajointly launched the<br />

Street Lighting and Smart<br />

Controls Programme to<br />

encourage the adoption <strong>of</strong> LED<br />

lights to raise energy efficiency.<br />

<strong>The</strong>refore, such initiatives to<br />

minimize energy consumption<br />

are boosting the APAC outdoor<br />

lighting market growth.<br />

43


ENERGY FROM WASTE


<strong>Wind</strong> Turbine<br />

Applications<br />

Engineering<br />

Flow-Measurement<br />

Solutions


MIDDLE EAST NEWS<br />

Yanmar Group today<br />

announced the completion<br />

<strong>of</strong> its acquisition <strong>of</strong> compact<br />

equipment manufacturer<br />

ASV Holdings Inc. (“ASV”),<br />

a designer and manufacturer<br />

<strong>of</strong> renowned compact tracked<br />

loaders (“CTLs”) and<br />

skid-steer loaders (“SSLs”).<br />

<strong>The</strong> announcement is the final<br />

step in the acquisition,<br />

following on from the June<br />

disclosure <strong>of</strong> a definitive<br />

agreement to acquire the<br />

company through the<br />

mechanism <strong>of</strong> a statutory<br />

merger.<br />

Yanmar Completes Acquisition<br />

<strong>of</strong> North American Loader<br />

Manufacturer ASV Holdings<br />

Yanmar has acquired 100% <strong>of</strong><br />

ASV’s outstanding shares <strong>of</strong><br />

common stock for total<br />

consideration <strong>of</strong> $70.70<br />

Million, or $7.05 per share.<br />

ASV’s independent dealer<br />

network throughout North<br />

America, Australia, and New<br />

Zealand will join Yanmar’s<br />

existing global construction<br />

equipment operations. <strong>The</strong><br />

company also sells OEM<br />

equipment and aftermarket<br />

parts, and owns and operates<br />

a 238,000 square-foot<br />

production facility in Grand<br />

Rapids, MN.<br />

“We expect ASV to realize<br />

significant, channel and<br />

product synergies after joining<br />

the Yanmar Group,” stated Mr.<br />

Giuliano Parodi, Executive<br />

Officer <strong>of</strong> Yanmar Holdings.<br />

“In addition, the ASV Grand<br />

Rapids facility will continue as<br />

a center <strong>of</strong> excellence for<br />

compact tracked loaders and<br />

skid steer loaders, while<br />

benefiting from the global<br />

capacity and resources <strong>of</strong> the<br />

Yanmar Group.”<br />

<strong>The</strong> acquisition strengthens<br />

the Yanmar’s range <strong>of</strong> compact<br />

equipment products allowing<br />

it to <strong>of</strong>fer full dig, load,<br />

carry solutions on the worksite<br />

and contribute to Yanmar’s<br />

prospects for growth in North<br />

America and globally.<br />

46


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MIDDLE EAST NEWS<br />

James Fisher Offshore increases Middle East<br />

decommissioning activities with major <strong>of</strong>fshore<br />

jacket removal project in Saudi Arabia.<br />

Innovative cutting solution deployed is capable <strong>of</strong> delivering time-saving efficiencies<br />

James Fisher Offshore (JFO),<br />

a global provider <strong>of</strong> specialist<br />

<strong>of</strong>fshore engineering solutions,<br />

has increased its oil and gas<br />

decommissioning activities in the<br />

Middle East with a new <strong>of</strong>fshore<br />

platform jacket removal project<br />

in Saudi Arabia. <strong>The</strong> work will<br />

utilise its pioneering cutting<br />

solution which is capable <strong>of</strong><br />

delivering significant time-saving<br />

efficiencies.<br />

This extensive project, which<br />

requires two full spreads <strong>of</strong><br />

advanced abrasive cutting<br />

equipment to be mobilised in<br />

support <strong>of</strong> a leading regional<br />

contractor’s jacket removal<br />

programme, secures JFO’s<br />

integral role in this critical scope<br />

<strong>of</strong> work well into 2020.<br />

A regional supplier <strong>of</strong><br />

ultra-high-pressure abrasive<br />

internal cutting solutions, JFO’s<br />

innovation has been well received<br />

– this new project comes in quick<br />

succession from a wave <strong>of</strong> recent<br />

regional scopes, with JFO<br />

continuing to broaden its<br />

decommissioning activities in<br />

the Middle East.<br />

50


Offering enhanced accuracy and<br />

severing capabilities as well as<br />

proven time, cost and resource<br />

savings, the JFO system delivers<br />

benefits across subsea cutting<br />

scopes from piles and jackets, to<br />

well casings and well heads.<br />

Exceeding customer expectations<br />

during the initial regional<br />

deployment, JFO’s system adds<br />

value to customers’<br />

decommission projects through<br />

speed, accuracy and reliability,<br />

supporting cost and time<br />

reductions.<br />

Jack Davidson, managing<br />

director, JFO comments;<br />

“As a key market for JFO, the<br />

appetite for our solutions in the<br />

Middle East region is very<br />

encouraging. <strong>The</strong>re is a clear<br />

recognition <strong>of</strong> our experience,<br />

track record and innovation in<br />

delivering measurable efficiencies<br />

for some <strong>of</strong> the region’s most<br />

notable decommissioning<br />

projects.<br />

We are looking forward to<br />

adding both breadth and depth<br />

to these burgeoning regional<br />

relationships and continuing to<br />

demonstrate our growing<br />

decommissioning capabilities.”<br />

With the recent successful<br />

completion <strong>of</strong> multiple regional<br />

decommissioning scopes, this<br />

new project further validates<br />

JFO’s methodology and unique<br />

combination <strong>of</strong> experience and<br />

innovation - delivering tangible<br />

benefits to the global<br />

decommissioning sector.<br />

51


<strong>Renewable</strong> <strong>Energy</strong><br />

Your lawyer. Your law firm. Your business advisor.


ASIA PACIFIC NEWS<br />

Rockwell Automation Expands<br />

Its Threat Detection Services<br />

Globally<br />

Cybersecurity services powered by Claroty protect<br />

supply chains from unknown threats and provide<br />

operational benefits<br />

Masud, manager security services<br />

portfolio, Rockwell Automation.<br />

“Our Threat Detection<br />

Services combine our innate<br />

understanding <strong>of</strong> industrial<br />

automation with Claroty’s<br />

trusted OT network visibility.<br />

<strong>The</strong> services can give companies<br />

peace <strong>of</strong> mind by protecting not<br />

only one facility but their entire<br />

supply chain from unpredictable<br />

threats.”<br />

More than half <strong>of</strong><br />

all respondents to<br />

an LNS Research<br />

survey said their<br />

industrial facility has<br />

experienced a cybersecurity<br />

breach. To help prevent such<br />

incidents and combat the<br />

unpredictable threats that cause<br />

them, industrial companies<br />

around the world can now<br />

manage cyber risk in their<br />

operations using the Rockwell<br />

Automation Threat Detection<br />

Services powered by the Claroty<br />

threat detection platform.<br />

Rockwell Automation recently<br />

expanded the services globally<br />

to help more companies combat<br />

the unknown nature <strong>of</strong> today’s<br />

rapidly evolving industrial<br />

cybersecurity threats.<br />

“A scary aspect <strong>of</strong> security threats<br />

is what you don’t know about<br />

them – what techniques they’ll<br />

use, what attack vector they’ll<br />

leverage, what vulnerabilities<br />

they’ll exploit,” said Umair<br />

<strong>The</strong> Threat Detection Services<br />

help safeguard connected<br />

operations in three key ways:<br />

• Identify and Protect:<br />

Identifying all industrial<br />

control networked assets, and<br />

their vulnerabilities, to help<br />

companies know what to protect<br />

• Detect: Monitoring networks<br />

for not only known threats but,<br />

more importantly, anomalous<br />

traffic or behaviors to alert<br />

companies <strong>of</strong> a security incident<br />

– possibly before it even happens<br />

• Response and Recovery:<br />

Developing plans for containing,<br />

eradicating and recovering from<br />

attacks to keep operations<br />

running or more quickly return<br />

to a fully operational state<br />

Companies that have used the<br />

Threat Detection Services have<br />

also discovered operational<br />

benefits. For example, collected<br />

asset data can help uncover risks<br />

like obsolete technology,<br />

outdated firmware and spare<br />

parts shortages.<br />

<strong>The</strong> Claroty threat detection<br />

platform creates an inventory <strong>of</strong><br />

54


a user’s industrial network assets,<br />

monitors traffic between them<br />

and analyzes communications<br />

at their deepest level. Detected<br />

anomalies are reported to plant<br />

and security personnel with<br />

actionable insights.<br />

“<strong>The</strong> Claroty platform, used<br />

within the Threat Detection<br />

Services, can accelerate a<br />

company’s journey to more<br />

connected and digitally driven<br />

operations,” said Amir<br />

Zilberstein, co-founder and CEO,<br />

Claroty. “Most critically, the<br />

platform can help companies<br />

detect and quickly respond to<br />

threats that bypass their security<br />

controls. But it can also give<br />

companies a deeper<br />

understanding <strong>of</strong> their industrial<br />

assets and improve their ability<br />

to keep operations running.”<br />

Claroty is a Rockwell<br />

Automation Encompass Product<br />

Partner in the Rockwell<br />

Automation PartnerNetwork<br />

program.<br />

About the Rockwell<br />

Automation PartnerNetwork<br />

Program<br />

<strong>The</strong> Rockwell Automation<br />

PartnerNetwork program <strong>of</strong>fers<br />

global manufacturers access<br />

to a collaborative network <strong>of</strong><br />

companies mutually focused<br />

on developing, implementing<br />

and supporting best-in-breed<br />

solutions to achieve plant-wide<br />

optimization, improve machine<br />

performance and meet<br />

sustainability objectives.<br />

About Rockwell Automation<br />

Rockwell Automation Inc.<br />

(NYSE: ROK), the world’s largest<br />

company dedicated to<br />

industrial automation and<br />

information, makes its customers<br />

more productive and the world<br />

more sustainable. Headquartered<br />

in Milwaukee, Wis., Rockwell<br />

Automation employs<br />

approximately 23,000 people<br />

serving customers in more than<br />

80 countries.<br />

55


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Fully automated retractable shading systems, for both<br />

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1


ASIA PACIFIC NEWS<br />

<strong>The</strong> Most Innovative and<br />

Applicable Projects for the<br />

Recovery and Reuse <strong>of</strong><br />

Water Resources<br />

the other hand, is borne out<br />

by an important event held in<br />

September precisely in Italy:<br />

<strong>The</strong> 3rd edition <strong>of</strong> the<br />

Resource Recovery<br />

Conference (www.iwarr2019.<br />

org) <strong>of</strong> the IWA (International<br />

Water Association), <strong>of</strong> which<br />

IEG expo was a partner: it is<br />

the major international summit<br />

on this matter, which brings<br />

together hundreds <strong>of</strong> world<br />

experts intending to implement<br />

projects <strong>of</strong> circular economy in<br />

the water sector.<br />

Today, the circular<br />

economy applied to the<br />

integrated water sector<br />

- only calculating the<br />

resource’s reuse in agriculture<br />

– is able to provide a turnover<br />

<strong>of</strong> 777 million euros and<br />

approximately 4000 jobs in<br />

Italy (“Circular Economy in<br />

Italy”, Duccio Bianchi, Edizioni<br />

Ambiente publishers). But<br />

its potential is much greater:<br />

there again, the 2017 edition<br />

<strong>of</strong> the United Nations’ World<br />

Water Development Report<br />

has an eloquent title:<br />

“<strong>Waste</strong>water: the untapped<br />

resource”.<br />

<strong>The</strong> topic <strong>of</strong> the management<br />

and sustainable exploitation<br />

<strong>of</strong> wastewater, at urban and<br />

industrial level, has a high<br />

pr<strong>of</strong>ile at Ecomondo<br />

(5-8 November, Rimini Expo<br />

Centre, Italy), the Italian<br />

Exhibition Group’s platform<br />

for the circular and green<br />

economy in Italy and Europe.<br />

With the Global Water Expo<br />

section, and thanks to the<br />

partnership with Utilitalia,<br />

Ecomondo provides a<br />

showcase for the innovation<br />

every stage <strong>of</strong> the integrated<br />

water service and wastewater<br />

cycle. <strong>The</strong> central role <strong>of</strong><br />

Ecomondo in this context, on<br />

At Ecomondo, the expo<br />

section <strong>of</strong> Global Water Expo<br />

is constantly growing (two<br />

halls - D1 and D2 - are<br />

reserved for it at the 2019<br />

edition), while a panel <strong>of</strong> very<br />

high pr<strong>of</strong>ile scientific meetings,<br />

prepared by Pr<strong>of</strong>essor<br />

Francesco Fatone<br />

(Marches Polytechnic<br />

University), responsible for the<br />

“water” area on the Ecomondo<br />

Technical-Scientific<br />

Committee, will ensure<br />

opportunities for in-depth<br />

networking on all the major<br />

topics connected with the<br />

water sector: from the<br />

combination <strong>of</strong> water and<br />

agriculture, to that <strong>of</strong> water<br />

and health, from the integrated<br />

management <strong>of</strong> wastewater<br />

and urban waste in cities<br />

(water and the city), to issues<br />

<strong>of</strong> governance and<br />

regulations. A focus will also<br />

be dedicated to digital<br />

solutions (water 4.0), with a<br />

view to improving efficiency,<br />

planning and management for<br />

better economic and<br />

environmental sustainability.<br />

58


HORIZON 2020 EUROPEAN<br />

INNOVATION ACTION<br />

At this edition <strong>of</strong> Global<br />

Water Expo it will be again be<br />

possible to obtain close-up<br />

knowledge <strong>of</strong> the evolution<br />

<strong>of</strong> the innovation projects in<br />

the water sector co-financed<br />

by the European Commission<br />

through the Horizon 2020<br />

action. As well as the<br />

conclusive results <strong>of</strong> the<br />

Smart Plant project which, in<br />

large-scale pilot plants, has<br />

validated for over two years,<br />

the possibilities <strong>of</strong> the recovery<br />

and reuse <strong>of</strong> cellulose,<br />

biopolymers and nutrients from<br />

wastewater and purification<br />

sludge, Ecomondo 2019 will<br />

enable attendees to know the<br />

characteristics and steps <strong>of</strong><br />

the innovative <strong>Hydro</strong>usa<br />

project, which has the<br />

objective <strong>of</strong> responding to the<br />

problems <strong>of</strong> water shortage,<br />

typical <strong>of</strong> the Mediterranean<br />

islands in the summer tourist<br />

period, by means <strong>of</strong><br />

innovative nature-based<br />

solutions: recovery <strong>of</strong><br />

wastewater, collection <strong>of</strong><br />

rainwater, low-cost<br />

desalination <strong>of</strong> seawater, replenishing<br />

ground-water<br />

water and collecting air<br />

humidity. Innovative solutions<br />

that will be tested on three<br />

Greek islands (Lesvos,<br />

Mykonos and Tinos), while<br />

other areas <strong>of</strong> the<br />

Mediterranean (including<br />

the Tuscan archipelago) will be<br />

involved for the repeatability <strong>of</strong><br />

the concept. New solutions for<br />

the reuse <strong>of</strong> purified<br />

wastewater in the<br />

Mediterranean basin are also<br />

at the centre <strong>of</strong> the European<br />

project Fit4rReuse.<br />

All innovative projects that<br />

combine research and<br />

applicability, and which in the<br />

context <strong>of</strong> Ecomondo will be<br />

covered in depth on<br />

Tuesday 5th November<br />

during the meeting entitled<br />

Water reuse in agriculture,<br />

sustainable irrigation and<br />

nature managed water cycle<br />

in the new European<br />

framework.<br />

<strong>The</strong> European project<br />

Digital Water City (DWC) aims<br />

at finding digital solutions for<br />

the optimization <strong>of</strong> urban water<br />

services and will be presented<br />

at Ecomondo on Thursday 7th<br />

November in the context <strong>of</strong><br />

the conference on Water and<br />

sanitation safety plans,<br />

organized in collaboration with<br />

the Superior Health Institute<br />

and Utilitalia. Pr<strong>of</strong>essor Fatone<br />

explains, ”Digital technology<br />

can be <strong>of</strong> great use for efficient<br />

management <strong>of</strong> services<br />

and water resources, but also<br />

for properly planning<br />

investments and contributing<br />

to safeguarding the<br />

population’s health by means<br />

<strong>of</strong> smart systems and early<br />

warning experts.” <strong>The</strong> Digital<br />

Water City project involves five<br />

European cities: Paris, Berlin,<br />

Copenhagen, S<strong>of</strong>ia and, for<br />

Italy, Milan.<br />

On the other hand, the issue <strong>of</strong><br />

legislation on matters <strong>of</strong><br />

sustainable sludge<br />

management and valorization<br />

in wastewater treatment is the<br />

topic <strong>of</strong> the meeting being<br />

held on Thursday 7th<br />

November entitled Barriers<br />

and solutions for sustainable<br />

sludge management and<br />

valorization in wastewater<br />

treatment.<br />

59


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FEATURE STORY<br />

Project Engineers Win Construction<br />

Contracts Putting <strong>The</strong>se Skills to Test<br />

Becoming a project<br />

engineer goes hand in<br />

hand with being a good<br />

project manager.<br />

Engineers help build structures<br />

through accurate technical<br />

reading. Project managers<br />

facilitate the design-buildoperation<br />

process by managing<br />

people.<br />

What makes the two so distinct<br />

yet very similar? <strong>The</strong>ir purpose—<br />

which is to put their individual<br />

strengths toward project<br />

completion. Managing the technical<br />

and people side <strong>of</strong> the<br />

business isn’t a skill honed<br />

overnight; a project engineer<br />

jumps through many hoops to<br />

assimilate a strong culture <strong>of</strong><br />

caring into tight bottom lines.<br />

Project management in<br />

engineering is a growing<br />

discipline where engineers apply<br />

project management techniques<br />

to better manage their role on<br />

site.<br />

Responsible for product<br />

design, engineers prepare<br />

detailed sketched and engineering<br />

reports after reviewing<br />

drawings built by architects to<br />

ensure compliance with code and<br />

client specifications. Enormous<br />

technical detail and support<br />

go into materializing the final<br />

design, which creates an equally<br />

big room for errors if consistency<br />

and accuracy are affected.<br />

<strong>The</strong> bid-to-win ratio <strong>of</strong><br />

construction contracts has<br />

diminished over the past two<br />

decades, where in the prefinancial<br />

crisis era more<br />

projects would be up for auction<br />

to a select few contractors in lo-<br />

62


cal areas. Today, the sheer growth<br />

in construction activity has also<br />

generated a parallel growth in<br />

the number <strong>of</strong> contractors,<br />

except now those that are<br />

digitally inclined bring more<br />

business due to the cost and time<br />

saved in managing bids vis-à-vis<br />

manual processes.<br />

<strong>The</strong> reality can be improved by<br />

turning a fresh leaf in the way<br />

project engineers approach<br />

contracts. For aspiring engineers<br />

looking to join large construction<br />

firms as project engineers,<br />

mapping out your career doesn’t<br />

have to be daunting. Procore<br />

informs <strong>of</strong> the many aspects <strong>of</strong><br />

project engineering to help you<br />

make a well-informed decision.<br />

In its essence, good project<br />

engineering draws from a good<br />

education as an essential first<br />

step. If you’re at the crossroads <strong>of</strong><br />

choosing to study further,<br />

reading this might ease your<br />

decision-making process.<br />

Alternatively, those at the<br />

crossroads <strong>of</strong> applying for project<br />

engineer jobs <strong>of</strong>ten get stumped<br />

creating resumes; this post could<br />

inspire you to build a compelling<br />

application.<br />

Still hanging on to discover tricks<br />

to win more construction contracts?<br />

We might be onto something.<br />

Project <strong>Management</strong><br />

for Engineers<br />

How Construction Project<br />

Engineers Communicate<br />

PEs work with multiple teams for<br />

months until the end <strong>of</strong> a<br />

project. Communication about<br />

daily project events helps them<br />

collaborate even under<br />

pressure—something that young<br />

PEs easily give in to before<br />

weighing their options to get to<br />

an agreeable solution.<br />

Construction projects are volatile<br />

and that brings ambiguity even<br />

to the most thoroughly-planned<br />

project items. <strong>The</strong><br />

superintendent and PE are in<br />

close quarters which can lead to<br />

as much efficiency as anxiety for<br />

PEs to prove themselves on the<br />

job. When things don’t go<br />

according to plan, PEs can take<br />

on more than is reasonably<br />

manageable without raising<br />

queries, since they may view<br />

themselves as seeming<br />

incompetent if they raised<br />

difficult questions.<br />

This can deter effective teamwork<br />

as the focus drifts away from the<br />

task on hand to pandering to the<br />

perceived interests <strong>of</strong> the project<br />

stakeholders. Hence, it’s always<br />

advisable to raise issues when<br />

they arise to ensure that everyone<br />

involved has enough bandwidth<br />

to arrive at a fair solution.<br />

Stabilized communication<br />

increases your chance to convey<br />

what’s deliverable to a client,<br />

resulting in greater accuracy in<br />

bid proposals which in turn is<br />

likely to improve your winning<br />

odds.<br />

63


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How Project Engineers Build<br />

Relationships<br />

Project engineers, as already<br />

seen, collaborate with a variety <strong>of</strong><br />

stakeholders. From clients to<br />

subcontractor teams, they’re<br />

deeply involved throughout the<br />

project lifecycle, which requires<br />

them to nurture relationships to<br />

achieve desired outcomes.<br />

Strong internal relationships<br />

determine their success at<br />

bidding events since a full and<br />

fair estimation <strong>of</strong> projects<br />

enables them to promise only<br />

what’s achievable—not what they<br />

think the client would want in an<br />

effort to outdo their competitors.<br />

Setting yourself apart from the<br />

competitors is a multi-faceted<br />

process, one that needs clarifying<br />

what type <strong>of</strong> work you can do<br />

and at a price that beats direct<br />

rivals.<br />

If you’re on strong terms with<br />

your customers, you can glean<br />

valuable insights from their past<br />

engagements with contractors to<br />

prepare and price your projects<br />

accordingly. Many times, bidding<br />

at the lowest price isn’t feasible<br />

while coming in at a higher price<br />

point isn’t entirely risky since<br />

you must be on the same page<br />

with the client about the value<br />

your resources and expertise will<br />

deliver.<br />

Avoid speculating on what your<br />

client wants. Instead, actively<br />

work with them to form a<br />

proposal that appears to hit their<br />

targets. For instance, you can<br />

include a list <strong>of</strong> past projects<br />

showing how you surpassed the<br />

schedule and result expectations<br />

through pictures <strong>of</strong> similar projects.<br />

Draft a phased schedule <strong>of</strong><br />

delivery to help your client think<br />

about how you intend to<br />

complete the project. Aim to<br />

include appealing added services<br />

to your proposal that prove you<br />

can reach your completion date<br />

with no pending work and all<br />

obligations met.<br />

Onboard a Construction<br />

Estimating S<strong>of</strong>tware<br />

Using s<strong>of</strong>tware is yet to become a<br />

universal SOP; however, a<br />

construction estimating tool is<br />

effective to centralize bid<br />

information and define<br />

workflows to control costs<br />

and schedule.<br />

Should your company find value<br />

in a digital solution, here’s a<br />

comprehensive guide on<br />

construction project manage-<br />

66


ment s<strong>of</strong>tware to move to the<br />

next level.<br />

Construction bidding s<strong>of</strong>tware<br />

is widely integrated into project<br />

management s<strong>of</strong>tware to cover a<br />

variety <strong>of</strong> activities across<br />

project phases. It automates<br />

costing jobs and comes with a<br />

range <strong>of</strong> integrations and product<br />

support that smoothens tasks<br />

from creating drawings to billing<br />

clients.<br />

Being a smart data management<br />

tool, it regularly notifies users <strong>of</strong><br />

price fluctuations in the market,<br />

labour costs, material supplies,<br />

and <strong>of</strong>fers a plethora <strong>of</strong> bidding<br />

resources that come in handy<br />

wherever you are in the<br />

construction bidding process.<br />

<strong>The</strong> database adapts to the<br />

method you use to cost jobs<br />

while updating with the<br />

incoming market and industry<br />

trends.<br />

This minimizes errors and risks<br />

and gives contractors, engineers,<br />

owners, and clients the confidence<br />

to visualize the project to<br />

completion.<br />

Lean Construction for<br />

Higher Bid Wins<br />

<strong>The</strong> most viable approach to<br />

greater bid wins is to have the<br />

lowest possible costs and the<br />

most efficient field project<br />

management process. Field<br />

teams must adopt lean and<br />

productive approaches to<br />

executing on project design<br />

requirements with zero<br />

downtime, lags, quality slip-ups,<br />

and errors. With everyone<br />

managed according to lean<br />

construction parameters, your<br />

jobsite will function as was laid<br />

out during the planning phase.<br />

Here are some tactics to help you<br />

imbibe lean construction project<br />

management:<br />

• Present a realistic proposal<br />

• Onboard digital solutions and<br />

show their application<br />

• Offer specialized services<br />

• Offer a complete package <strong>of</strong><br />

trained staff and value-added<br />

engineering services<br />

• Provide pro<strong>of</strong> <strong>of</strong> being<br />

well-financed alongside permits<br />

and liability coverage<br />

• Give a walkthrough <strong>of</strong> a<br />

schedule to show faster project<br />

completion<br />

• Develop a partnership and<br />

promise to do whatever it<br />

takes to account for what<br />

you’ve proposed<br />

67


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FEATURE STORY<br />

How Engineering Can Keep<br />

In-Person Casinos Alive<br />

<strong>The</strong> world we live in today is one that’s moving constantly toward<br />

new innovations and greater tech dependency. We’ve seen the rise <strong>of</strong><br />

services that allow you to place orders for meals and groceries,<br />

experienced ride sharing’s transition from horror story to everyday<br />

utility, and watched as streaming services took over television. It’s not<br />

the first thing we think about as we consider these changes, but in all<br />

<strong>of</strong> these instances physical venues and product stand to suffer as a<br />

result <strong>of</strong> innovation. And when we think <strong>of</strong> things this way, another<br />

industry comes to mind as one that’s approaching a crossroads <strong>of</strong><br />

sorts in its ongoing digital revolution. Internet-based casinos have<br />

become so sophisticated, and so widely available, that it’s become fair<br />

to wonder if in-person alternatives can continue to survive.<br />

That’s an open question, but thinking <strong>of</strong> it from a creative engineering<br />

standpoint, there’s more than a glimmer <strong>of</strong> hope for these traditional<br />

commercial venues.<br />

70


<strong>The</strong> Expansion <strong>of</strong> Online Casinos<br />

Online casinos are nothing new, but they do seem to have grown<br />

both in number and audience as <strong>of</strong> late. And while this seems in an<br />

overarching way to be a sort <strong>of</strong> natural evolution resulting from better<br />

s<strong>of</strong>tware on gaming platforms (in some cases it really is that simple),<br />

there would appear to be a few more specific explanations for what<br />

we might call the second rise <strong>of</strong> online gambling.<br />

For one thing, the best games on the internet are easier to find than<br />

ever before. Fifteen or 20 years ago, finding the best online gambling<br />

opportunity meant testing out different poker sites - essentially to<br />

find the one that was least annoying. Now, it’s as simple as going to<br />

one <strong>of</strong> a handful <strong>of</strong> trusted, aggregator platforms hosting wellreviewed<br />

games from top genre developers. Furthermore, these same<br />

platforms and games can now be accessed easily via mobile, putting<br />

the best online casino games in history right in people’s pockets.<br />

<strong>The</strong>re’s also the legal side <strong>of</strong> things to consider, and this is actually<br />

where we’re seeing the most evidence that the surge in online casino<br />

popularity could continue in the coming years. Specifically, new<br />

online casinos in the U.S. are beginning to expose the American<br />

market to the industry. It’s going to take state-by-state legislating to<br />

make the games legal to play with real money, but the first steps have<br />

been taken, and tens <strong>of</strong> millions <strong>of</strong> U.S. gamers could add significant<br />

revenue and attention to the market.<br />

It’s these developments that seem to be at least opening the door for<br />

physical, in-person casinos to see a decline in popularity. But as<br />

alluded to above, this is where creative designers and engineers can<br />

come into play.<br />

71


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How Casinos Can Survive<br />

Casinos have long attracted crowds <strong>of</strong> people all over the planet, for<br />

a number <strong>of</strong> different reasons: bright, exciting visuals, a positively<br />

charged atmosphere on location, and <strong>of</strong> course, the dream <strong>of</strong> earning<br />

boatloads <strong>of</strong> cash. But with online gambling opportunities<br />

improving so rapidly, some <strong>of</strong> those attractions are becoming<br />

decidedly less special. Exciting visuals? <strong>The</strong>se are easily replicated by<br />

modern casino gaming graphics, if not improved upon. <strong>The</strong> chance to<br />

risk and win real money? This is, if anything, more convenient<br />

online, and with more options at hand. This doesn’t mean people<br />

won’t continue to enjoy in-person casino floors, but it does mean<br />

casinos that want to continue thriving may have to emphasize other<br />

aspects <strong>of</strong> their appeal. And the things not even the best <strong>of</strong> the best<br />

online platforms can compete with are atmosphere and physical<br />

impact.<br />

To some extent we’re already seeing casinos acting on this. <strong>The</strong>re does<br />

appear to be more emphasis being placed on live attractions, from<br />

shows to restaurants run by celebrity chefs. And some <strong>of</strong> the newer<br />

casinos in places like Las Vegas are clearly built with beauty and<br />

luxury as the first priorities, and gaming merely a feature. <strong>The</strong>se<br />

trends, subtle though they may be, are likely to continue, and the<br />

thinking here is that they can be enhanced significantly by bold and<br />

exciting engineering projects.<br />

To explain this idea, look back at a previous post you may have seen<br />

here regarding Dubai’s push to attract more tourists. <strong>The</strong> famously<br />

74


innovative city is constructing the world’s largest ferris wheel,<br />

adding yet another engineering marvel to an impressive list that’s<br />

been amassed over a relatively short time period. Now think about<br />

this in the context <strong>of</strong> attractions like <strong>The</strong> Venetian Macau’s artificial<br />

canal network, or the miniature New York City at the New York, New<br />

York in Las Vegas, or even the sky-scraping infinity pool at the<br />

Marina Bay Sands in Singapore. All <strong>of</strong> these are effectively<br />

engineering and design achievements that have come to define<br />

casinos already, and in some cases entire towns!<br />

This, given all <strong>of</strong> the digital takeover potential described above, is<br />

what casino owners and operators will need to be thinking about in<br />

the next five, 10, or 15 years. Just another casino resort - even a<br />

beautiful and luxurious one with a massive gaming floor - is<br />

unlikely to <strong>of</strong>fer much specifics appeal to the modern gamer who’s<br />

used to digital convenience and sees nothing special in an in-person<br />

slot machine or poker table. However, what if a new Vegas<br />

establishment hired an engineering team to beat out Dubai’s new<br />

ferris wheel? What if a major European city challenged the highest<br />

skyscraper in its country with a new casino resort? What if a country<br />

built an artificial island incorporating ferry service to a faux-tropical<br />

casino venue? <strong>The</strong>se features and attractions can still make an impact<br />

that online gaming can’t match.<br />

It’s for this reason that we might expect a significant push toward<br />

innovative and daring engineering in this particular space.<br />

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Kaizen Philosophy, commitment to continuous<br />

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world record cell efficiencies.<br />

Quality Built in<br />

• UV stabilized, aesthetically pleasing black<br />

anodized frame<br />

• Supported by major mounting structure<br />

manufacturers<br />

• Easily accessible grounding points on<br />

all four corners for fast installation<br />

• Proven junction box technology with 12 AWG<br />

PV wire to work with transformerless inverters<br />

• Quality locking MC4 plug-in connectors to<br />

provide safe and quick connections<br />

REliaBlE<br />

• Proven superior field performance<br />

• Tight power tolerance<br />

• Only module manufacturer to pass rigorous<br />

long-term testing performed by TÜV Rheinland<br />

QualiFiCationS and CERtiFiCationS<br />

UL Listing<br />

QIGU.E173074<br />

NEC 2008 Compliant, UL 1703, ISO 9001, and ISO 14001<br />

UL1703 Certified and Registered, UL Fire Safety Class C, CEC, FSEC


LDK SOLAR<br />

MODULES<br />

www.ldksolar.com<br />

LIGHT OUR FUTURE


Copyright AREVA <strong>Wind</strong>/Jan Oelker<br />

SenSorS and control SyStemS<br />

in wind turbineS


EMBRACING<br />

THE POWER OF THE SUN<br />

LG <strong>Solar</strong> power module<br />

www.lg-solar.com


LS285<br />

LS285Monocrystalline Photovoltaic Module<br />

Uniform performance and stability under a range <strong>of</strong> light conditions<br />

Applications<br />

On-grid Residential systems<br />

On-grid Commercial Systems<br />

On-grid Utility systems<br />

Features<br />

72 mono crystalline CSUN Selective Emmitter <strong>Solar</strong> Cells<br />

17.50% cell efficiency<br />

Performance deviation <strong>of</strong> +/- 3%<br />

Low degradation under high irradiance conditions<br />

Low cell mismatch rate<br />

Anodized aluminum alloy frame, black or clear

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