T ower he

Issue two


If you abide in my word, you are truly my

disciples and you will know the truth, and

the truth will set you free John 8:31-32

Volume 13 | Issue 2 | CENTRAL BAPTIST COLLEGE | Conway, AR | October 18, 2019

The numbers on enrollment

Does Christian culture

outweigh enrollment cost?

Melody Siebenmann


The Arkansas Division of

Higher Education reported

an 8.4% drop in enrollment

for Central Baptist College’s last

academic year in their Fall 2019


In one year, the college

dropped from 664 students

enrolled to 608, a decline of

22.9% since 2014.

CBC is not the only college

with enrollment decreases as

schools across the state face dips

in their enrollment. The college

has also raised their tuition price

by 3% from $490 to $505 per

credit hour.

Ryan Johnson, vice president

for enrollment management, says

tuition affects enrollment but

CBC’s values, academics and

the Christ-centered environment

outweigh the cost of enrolling.

“The stronger the enrollment,

the better the learning

environment and student life

opportunities,” says Johnson.

“[CBC] is also a great place for

lifelong relationship building, so

the more diverse the enrollment,




the greater the relationship

potential there will be.”

Johnson also says enrollment

is down across the U. S. and not

just at CBC. He says the reason

for this is high school graduates

can make a solid income without

going to college due to how well

the economy is doing.

“College is expensive,

especially small private schools,

and a lot of students either don’t

want to pay the cost or are not

prepared to pay the cost even if

they see the value in education,”

says Johnson. “We are no

exception to these same struggles

other schools are having.”

Dusty Bender, division chair

of humanities and arts, says the

division has faced a downward

slide in enrollment because

students do not see the value in a

liberal arts degree.

“[Students think] if you get a

degree in history or English, the

only thing you can do is teach, but

[CBC] is also a great place for lifelong relationship building, so the

more diverse the enrollment, the greater the relationship potential

there will be.

-Ryan Johnson, VP for enrollment management

Inside look

Who says college is a

place where dreams die?

there is a whole world of things

you can do,” says Bender. “We

have people who are involved

in business, teaching, coaching

or public relations. The skill

set, synthesizing and complex

thinking, those are skills the world

is looking for.”

Bender says he is an emphatic

supporter of the college and he

wants his grandchildren to attend

one day because of the school’s

Christ-centered environment.

“I am 100% convinced this is

God’s school,” says Bender. “I’m

delighted we got that Christian

distinctive and we market it.”

Elizabeth Gomez, division

chair of natural and health

sciences, says some of the

departments in her division, such

as Kinesiology, have increased in


“[Kinesiology is] the biggest

major on campus,” says Gomez.

All the theories

Discussing three different

views on creation

Inside Look | Page 2 Centerspread | Pages 4-5


“In sciences, the courses that

the kinesiology majors have to

take are very large, particularly

anatomy. We have gone from one

lab section to three [for that class]

to accommodate enrollment.”

Gomez says the college can

compete against both public and

private institutions for enrolling


“It is possible our scholarships

are not as competitive, but if you

look at the bottom line, we are less

expensive than many other private

institutions,” says Gomez. “To

compare to the secular schools,

our Christian viewpoint is a big

[factor]. The position on issues

Visitors from space

Are UFOs and

extraterrestrials just extra?

Opinion | Page 6

Photo illustration Haley Lingenfelter

like evolution will be different

here [as] we take the biblical point

of view.”

Alumna Shayla Bowman

graduated in 2018 with a business

administration degree. She says

she came for the Christ-centered


“As a student, I loved being on

campus [because] I felt like I was

home,” says Bowman. “I am the

person I am today because of the

people who were at the school and

the relationships I built with my

teachers. I still text my teachers -

you can’t do that anywhere else.”

Pagan, say a’gan?

Should Christians

celebrate Halloween?

Editorial | Page 7

I dreamed a dream...

Rachel Carver

Stephen Raines


professor of history

I had a dream the

night before an

Arkansas game

that I was hanging

out with Nick

Starkel and he

was telling me

how easy of a

game they were

going to have.

Then I woke up

and went to the

game. They lost

big time.

I once dreamt that everybody came to class. They were on

time, they had all their materials, and they knew all the answers

to the questions I asked them! And I didn’t get an ‘uhh’

or an ‘I don’t know.’

Photographer Robyn Wilson

Photographer Robyn Wilson


The Tower | Inside Look | Page 2 | October 18, 2019

Nick Ducket


Photographer Robyn Wilson

I had this dream years

ago. Indiana Jones

was my uncle and we

went on an adventure.

And then, somehow,

I was playing football

with my sixth grade

class and Indiana

Jones, who was still

my uncle. Then all of

a sudden a king cobra

with wings that could

talk tried to attack

Indiana Jones so I

grabbed it and it bit


Photographer Robyn Wilson

Nathan Young


I’m in Africa, and I’m doing mission

work, and then I become a

martyr. It’s very repetitive. I usually

die the same way, too. They tie me

to a tree and leave me there.

Campus Life The

Tower | Campus life | Page 3 | October 18, 2019

Nothing but the truth

Students and faculty speculate on conspiracy theories

Photo ilustration Haley Lingenfelter

Haley Lingenfelter


Did Lee Harvey

Oswald really

assassinate President

John F. Kennedy? Did

the United States really

land on the moon? There

are conspiracy theories

associated with almost all

aspects of our culture.

The question is, do you

believe them?

“Before I even start

to think about believing a

conspiracy theory, I always

look at the cold facts,” says

junior Lauren Hager, “It’s

really important that you,

yourself, have already done

research into it before you

even start to believe any of

them. It needs to be based on

evidence that comes from a

reliable source.”

According to assistant

professor of social studies

and government Stephen

Raines, conspiracy theories

run the whole gamut of

human experience. When

it comes to political

conspiracies, Raines says

historically, people will say

the government lied to us in

the history books.

“One man said history

is a collection of lies

commonly agreed upon.

I can’t be quite cynical,

but it’s always possible

that there are some facts

unknown to us,” says

Raines. “The political

conspirators say [the

government] are out to get


Raines says typically

when a person declines to

vote or to get involved in

politics it’s because they are

indifferent and think ‘Big

Brother’ or whoever the

opposition is, is pulling the

strings like we’re a bunch

of puppets. And he says

when you hear about a thing

taking place that no one else

saw coming, very often that

sort of conspiracist will say,

‘Well that’s just evidence.’

Assistant professor of

history Blake Duffield says

he tries to avoid conspiracy

theories like the plague.

“Most of the time,

for anybody that’s paying

attention, conspiracy

theories are utter nonsense

and it should be clear to the

general public that they are,”

says Duffield,

Raines says the longer

people live, stranger

conspiracies are heard, some

might be humorous, but

others might have something

behind them.

“There is a saying that

says before you strive to

be understood, make sure

that you understand,” said

Raines. “You want to have

an open mind, but you don’t

want a hole in your head.

There’s wisdom in knowing

the difference.”



What Halloween sweets are the men’s soccer

players lining up for?








Candy Corn





information collected by: Cobi Johnson







Every month, a subgroup of CBC is polled on a

relevant topic. This month the men’s soccer team

was surveyed.


5 6


infographic by Jocelyn Waters



The Tower | Centerspread | Pages 4-5 |October 18, 2019




Design or Darwinism?

Photo illustration Haley Lingenfelter

Coby Harvison


There are many different theories regarding

creation and evolution in today’s world.

One of these theories is evolution,

which Joshua Kwekel, associate professor of

biochemistry and molecular biology, says can be a tricky


“It can have a generic meaning and it can have a very

specific meaning,” says Joshua Kwekel.

Kwekel says the general meaning is ‘change over


“Most people, when they use the word, are referring

to Darwinian Evolution, which is what I would call

macroevolution [big changes not limited to one species],”

says Kwekel.

Kwekel says Darwinian evolution is the molecules-toman

hypothesis that form the Big Bang Theory. Basically,

tiny molecules form into larger, more complex molecules

creating a new organism (mankind).

When the Big Bang happened, cells came together and

infographic by Jocelyn Waters

formed plants, animals and other life forms over millions

of years.

“Roughly speaking, it is Darwinism that says all

organisms today share a universal common ancestor,”

says Kwekel.

According to Virgil Porter, associate professor of

Bible, macroevolution is an attempt by science to explain

the origin of humanity.

“I don’t think [macroevolution] can be proven. One

of the aspects of science is experimentation… Scientists

experiment to prove their theories,” says Porter. “They’ll

never be able to prove evolution through an experiment.”

According to Kwekel there are many similarities

to macroevolution and another belief, microevolution,

which is small changes occurring within species over


Kwekel says all Christians should affirm that

microevolution occurs.

“The controversial part is ‘do we all share a common

ancestor?’” says Kwekel. “That, for me, is where the

Christian worldview does not share that [belief].”

Kwekel says even though all the theories are

connected, there are discrepancies of opinions within the

views themselves.

“[Christians] believe there is a special creation,”


The Big Bang Theory is only one theory about the

beginning of the world, there are many more including

Creationism and several views within Creationism, like

the Gap Theory.

Sophomore Tiffany Knowles says she believes in the

Gap Theory which says there was a large space of time

between the first days of creation recorded in the Bible.

“There [were] millions of years in between [Genesis

1] verse 1 and verse 2,” says Knowles. “In verse 1, it

says God created the heavens and the earth… That is

why it was without form or void.”

According to Knowles, this theory explains why

the earth is scientifically older than what most Christians


I don’t think [macroevolution] can be proven. One of the aspects of science is

experimentation… Scientists experiment to prove their theories. They’ll never be

able to prove evolution through an experiment.” -Dr. Porter, assistant professor bible department

says Kwekel. “Adam and Eve were human beings

God spoke into existence separate from his other

created organisms and animals [the difference between

microevolution and macroevolution].”

Freshman Bryan Pendergraft says he believes in


“In the beginning, I believe a higher being created

a small number of creatures with very complex but

broad DNA structures that allowed for the development

of specialized creatures in that animal group,” says

Kwekel says the Gap Theory is definitely worth

looking at.

“There are many ways to interpret Genesis 1,” says


According to Kwekel, the first three days of creation

is where millions of years are placed.

“You could make the assumption the rotation of

the earth was the same on the days before [the sun was

created], and that’s a decent assumption, but we can’t

know for certain,” says Kwekel. “We don’t know how

time worked before that.”

Kwekel says these arguments about the Gap Theory

are valid.

Porter says he is very certain in what he believes

about the timeline of creation.

“I think the first six days are literal six days,” says

Porter. “No gaps between them, 24-hour days.”

Opinion The Tower | Opinion | Page 6 | October 18, 2019

Authenticity of aliens

Are UFO sightings only a coincidence?

Eli McAlister


Are we alone in the

universe? Is Earth

a wholly unique

phenomenon within the

expanse of space? If these

questions have kept you

awake at night, or at the very

least gnawed at the back of

your thoughts before, then

you aren’t the only one.

Whether the issue

is approached from a

cosmological standpoint or

examined through a biblical

lens, the question of the

existence of extraterrestrial

life has been a subject of

debate ever since mankind’s

ambitions first turned to the

stars, and it is unlikely that

you will meet anyone without

an opinion on the subject.

Without a doubt, some

evidence seems to be out

there. Be it the vast amounts

of supposed eyewitness

claims of Unidentified

Flying Objects as well as

the extraterrestrials therein,

or even the most recent

video footage released

courtesy of the United

States Navy depicting what

clearly seem to be flying

saucers, something currently

unexplained by common

conventional knowledge

seems to be occurring on

a wide scale. Certainly, if

we assume that half of the

eyewitness accounts and

claims of abduction are

not elaborate lies, and we

look at these events with

our minds set on the idea of

extraterrestrials, it becomes

easier to understand why 77

percent of Americans believe

aliens visited the Earth,

according to a 2012 National

Geographic poll.

On the other hand,

looking at these events

through the eyes of a skeptic,

many of these stories quickly

begin to unravel and plausible

explanations often present

themselves. In the case of

the video captured by United

States Naval forces, while

we do not know what these

objects are, the possibility

remains these UFOs could

have been domestic or

foreign experimental aircraft

straying into that airspace.

Coinciding with this

thought process, was it

really a coincidence that

the UFO cultural boom

happened alongside the

confirmed development

of experimental aircraft as

the United States grappled

with the Cold War?

Maybe, but my gut

tells me that is not


So, is there life

beyond the realm

of our little blue

world? Perhaps.

There was once

a period where


Western thought

maintained that

the only thing

West of Spain was water and

eventually Asia, until the

Americas and their native

peoples were discovered by

accident. Until the conclusive

proof of extraterrestrial life

presents itself, however, I

will continue to reside firmly

within the skeptical 33




By Emilee Brown

Get it, Goldbergs!

The Goldbergs” is a

refreshing comedy filled

with characters that are

the perfect blend of wacky and


Set in the 1980s, this sitcom

is blast from the past that is a

jumble of hilarity and contains

a satisfying, heartfelt ending in

every episode. The show airs

on Wednesdays at eight/seven

central on ABC.

The creator of the show,

Adam F. Goldberg, bases the

show off of his own family.

It mostly revolves around the

mother, Beverly Goldberg, who

travels great lengths to prove

the love she has for her children

Adam, Barry and Erica. The

laid-back yet relatable father,

Murray Goldberg, acts passive

and uninvolved but to his core

is caring and sincere. Pops, the

lovable grandpa, is the glue that

holds the family together. He is

the voice of reason though he can

be a bit ditzy.

As the show progresses, the

family continues to survive

everyday life. Though things

change, the events always go

back to the heart of family and

its lasting effects.

I love how the creator

writes what would normally be

unlikable character qualities

and turns them into something

beloved and endearing. Without

the chaos, the show wouldn’t be

as effective.

The writer sets up a perfectlyimperfect

family that everyone

can relate to. I also appreciate

how the creator takes something

that is so normal and seemingly

uneventful - family- and makes

it interesting and complex. This

goofy comedy is just what I need

for a pick-me-up.

“The Goldbergs” is a great

choice for anyone who is looking

for an easy, enjoyable watch that

will induce laughter and create

feel-good moments. I would

not recommend this show to

someone looking for a modern

feel as it has more of an old

school impression. I enjoy the

simplicity and positive nature

of the show portrayed through

situational comedy and it is why

I give it an A plus.

5 out

of 5

Editorial The

Tower | Campus life | Page 7 |October 18, 2019


Spooky or sacrilegious?

More than a thousand years ago, the Celtic people of

Ireland celebrated a New Year’s holiday where they

believed the dead would have access to the earth. On this

night, they would build massive bonfires, dress up in costumes and

tell fortunes.

Over time, this tradition adapted and changed until eventually

it became a modernized, highly marketable, monetary quagmire of

sweets, decorations and costumes. We know it as Halloween.

Because the central theme of this holiday is often associated with

the occult and witchcraft, for Christians, celebrating it is sometimes


For example, some parents don’t allow their kids to trick-ortreat

or participate in this holiday at all. Others choose to participate

in their church fall festivals that can become community

outreaches on this night of darkness. And still others see no

problem in their kids dressing up in fun or scary costumes and

trick-or-treating through neighborhoods.

Are any of these options right or wrong? How should Christians

approach Halloween?

First, every family can choose to celebrate it or not celebrate

it as they wish, that is based on their convictions and

what they believe is right or wrong.

Secondly, we should approach Halloween within the

context of the scriptures, specifically when the Bible says

that we should aim to do all things for the glory of God,

according to 1 Corinthians 10:31.

This begs the question, does Halloween glorify


Halloween, in itself, does not celebrate

anything remotely close to the truth

of God. If someone can find in the

Bible where we should dress up

in costumes to hide from ghosts or dark spirits… well, they can’t.

What they will find are passages on spiritual warfare such as

Ephesians 6 where we are given instructions on how to fight evil,

which includes reliance on Jesus and the truth of the gospel.

Christians may also find passages about the resurrection or the

last days, and how once we are dead, we do not come back to the

earth as ghosts; we either go to heaven or hell.

So, let us ask the question again, how can Halloween bring

God glory? Halloween doesn’t bring God glory… But the church


So, when churches create their own fall festivals or carnivals

and intentionally try to do outreach, God can move. And it’s not

because of the holiday, it’s because churches are using this holiday

as an opportunity for community outreach.

These carnivals or festivals oftentimes create safe places for

children to get the candy they are craving and also an opportunity

to have conversations about Jesus with the parents.

That’s how God can be glorified in Halloween: the church

proclaiming the gospel message on the darkest night of the year,

literally sharing the light of Jesus and the hope of salvation to

escape an eternal death.

In conclusion, a person’s choice to celebrate Halloween

or not celebrate it depends on their perspective of evil and

how we overcome evil. For if we view Halloween as

an evil, devil-worshipping, holiday, then we probably

will not choose to celebrate it. But if we see

Halloween as a day of evil but an opportunity

to share the gospel, then perhaps candy and

costumes can be justified. In the end, what

matters the most is if our actions are based


giving God the glory.

Central Baptist College

1501 College Ave.

Conway, Arkansas 72034

(501) 205- 8802

The Tower Staff

Melody Siebenmann- Content editor/reporter

Jocelyn Waters- Design editor/photographer

Haley Lingenfelter- Photo editor/reporter

Coby Harvison- Reporter

Faith Birmingham- Reporter/cartoonist

Eli McAlister- Reporter

Emilee Brown- Reporter

Robyn Wilson- Photgrapher

Marcela Bueno- Photographer

Rachel Burns- Cartoonist

Ann Gardner- Adviser

The Tower is a student publication which is distributed and created by students of Central Baptist College. This paper does not reflect the views of CBC, its faculty,

staff, administration, board of trustees or the BMA of Arkansas. Letters may be sent to for an editor to review, or letters may be dropped of

at room KB107 in the Cooper Complex. The Tower reserves the right to edit or reject any letter, column or advertisement.


Tower | Sports | Page 8 | October 18, 2019

Diggin’ it

Photographer Marcela Bueno

[left to right] Sophomore Jessica Anderson, freshman Emily Farmer and junior Alizea Garza prepare for their next play against Lindenwood University-Belleville on Sep. 20.

Lady Mustangs focus on teamwork as they prepare for conference


Kelsy Knox

goes for a



Marcela Bueno

Faith Birmingham


The season is going well,”

says Stephanie Irwin,

head coach of the Lady

Mustangs volleyball team. “I’m

excited we are in conference

play. We had some tough

matches in pre-season, but

I’m glad to see our hard work

paying off.”

So far, the volleyball team

has played 15 matches, winning

six of them. Irwin said her goal

is to have the team make the

conference tournament this season.

“Our last match against

Crowley’s Ridge was too close for

comfort,” Irwin says.

The team won the match 3-1,

but each game was close by a

margin of less than four points.

“I’m glad we finished with a

win, but there are some things we

definitely need to improve on,” says


Irwin says the team will be

facing several tough competitors

this season, such as Park, William

Woods, Columbia and Missouri


“Those teams have always been

competitive, but the girls are ready

for these match-ups,” says Irwin.

Irwin says she hopes to

improve the team by keeping their

eyes on the goal of conference. The

team has already improved their

record of wins, doubling their wins

since their last season.

“I have four freshmen and two

sophomores that came to CBC this

year, and they all see court time,”

Irwin says. “I’m proud of them and

I’m also proud of the girls that are

returners as well.”

Contributing to the team’s

success, senior Kelsy Knox says the

team has made an effort to come

together as a group.

“I would have to say this year’s

team chemistry has been better than

the past,” says Knox. “We seem to

mesh really well and encourage each

other on the court better this year and

we are building our confidence up.”

Knox is one of two seniors on the

team. Her goal, she says, is to finish

the season knowing that she has

helped make the program better and

invested in the lives of her younger

team members.

The team’s other senior, Hope

Johnson, says that volleyball is more

than just individuals playing a game.

“Teamwork means a lot to

me, so for me to be a part of the

volleyball team is really special,”

says Johnson. “We have to

communicate constantly. It takes all

of us to win a point.”

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