Canadian Parvasi Issue 22 November 2019

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Issue No : 118

Email: editor@canadianparvasi.com Contact Number : 905-673-0600 November 22, 2019 | Toronto | Pages 12

4 Indian-Origin Ministers In

Justin Trudeau's New Cabinet

Mr Trudeau unveiled his Cabinet with the induction of seven new faces, including Anita

Anand, a former law professor at the University of Toronto.

OTTAWA: For the first time,

a Hindu woman lawmaker has

been inducted into a Canadian

Cabinet as Prime Minister Justin

Trudeau unveiled his "strong

and skilled" team of 37 ministers

which also includes three Sikh

MPs.

Mr Trudeau unveiled his

Cabinet with the induction of

seven new faces, including Anita

Anand, a former law professor at

the University of Toronto.

The three other Indian-origin

MPs, all Sikhs, inducted into

the Cabinet are Navdeep Bains

(42), Bardish Chagger (39) and

Harjit Sajjan (49).

The Liberal's minority government

headed by 47-yearold

Trudeau was sworn-in on

Wednesday at the Rideau Hall in

Ottawa.

Ms Anand, who is in her

early 50s represents Oakville in

Ontario and is among the two

newly-elected ministers. She

was elected to the 338-seat House

of Commons for the first time in

the October federal elections.

She takes over the public

services and procurement portfolios,

which oversees billions

of dollars in public spending,

including the purchase of military

hardware, the Toronto Star

reported.

She will also assume responsibility

for Phoenix, the

computerised pay system that

has disrupted compensation for

thousands of federal civil servants,

it said.

Mr Sajjan, a former Vancouver

police detective and a

lieutenant-colonel in the Forces,

remains the minister of national

defence, the Canadian Broadcasting

Corporation reported.

Mr Bains was named as the

minister of innovation, science

and industry. He represents Mississauga—Malton

district in Ontario

and retains the innovation

and science files but his ministry

has been restructured to include

industry, the report said.

Meanwhile, Ms Chagger,

who served as the government

House leader in the last Parliament,

will now not only take on

diversity and inclusion, but also

Mr Trudeau's responsibility for

the youth, it said.

However, Amarjeet Sohi

who was part of the 2015 Cabinet

is not returning this time after

his defeat in the election.

"The new strong and skilled

team. There's lots of work ahead,

and we're ready to keep moving

Canada forward," Mr Trudeau

tweeted.

"I''m very excited today to be

able to get down to work the way

Canadians asked us to in this

last election. To pull together

the country, focus on issues of

economic growth for the middle

class, to fight climate change,

and to keep Canadians and their

communities safe. That is our

focus, and this is the team to do

that," Mr Trudeau was quoted as

saying by the CTV news.

In the Canadian general election

held in October, the Liberal

Party bagged 157 seats, the opposition

Conservative 121, Bloc

Quebecois 32, Indian-origin Canadian

Jagmeet Singh-led New

Democratic Party (NDP) 24,

Green Party 3 and one Independent.

To reach the majority of 170

in the 338-seat House of Commons,

the Liberals are short of 13

members. This means that meaning

in order to pass votes and advance

their agenda, the Liberals

must gain the support of the opposition

MPs, the CTV reported.


The International News Weekly Canada

November 22, 2019 | Toronto 02

Slow economic growth bad for Canada’s

foreign policy goals: experts

The Canadian Press

OTTAWA : Canada’s slow economic

growth and competitiveness

is undercutting its global

interests, experts say, as the

post “sunny ways” version of the

Trudeau government’s foreign

policy emerges Wednesday with

the announcement of a new cabinet.

The key moving parts could

include a replacement for Foreign

Affairs Minister Chrystia

Freeland, who might be given a

new domestic portfolio, and the

Google Assistant Can Now Read Out

Personalised News Feed for You

Google said Tuesday its digital

assistant will serve as a “news

host” on its connected devices to

deliver stories from a variety of its

media partners.

The feature called Your News

Update will be activated by asking

the Google Assistant to read the

news.

The artificial intelligence program

will deliver “a mix of short

news stories chosen at that moment

based on your interests, location,

user history, and preferences,

as well as the top news stories out

there,” said product manager Liz

Gannes in a blog post.

The assistant will offer stories

from partners including CBS, Politico,

Fox News, and CNN based

on user preferences and other factors.

It can offer news, for example,

about the user’s favorite sports

fact that International Trade

Minister Jim Carr is fighting a

form of blood cancer that makes

him an unlikely candidate for a

heavy travel schedule.

Trevin Stratton, the chief

economist of the Canadian

Chamber of Commerce, says

Canada’s low-growth economy

is eroding its broader standing

on the world stage, even as managing

relations with both the

United States and China remains

a paramount priority.

He says Canada’s international

ranking in a series of

teams or specific local or business

events.

“In between stories, the Google

Assistant serves as your smart

news host that introduces which

publishers and updates are next,”

Gannes said.

The feature is available in English

in the United States and will

expand internationally next year,

for people with compatible smartphones

and connected speakers.

It is activated by saying, “Hey

Google, play me the news.”

Indian

Food

global surveys continued to decline

in recent months, including

during the federal election

campaign.

That includes a slide in the

World Economic Forum’s ranking

of the productivity of G20

countries, which saw Canada

drop two positions to 14th place.

Stratton says Canada also fell

to 23rd place among countries in

the World Bank’s “ease of doing

business” ranking and received

a lower mark in another index

that ranks the “soft power” of 30

leading countries.

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Keto Diet For Weight Loss: This Diet

May Help You Fight Flu As Well, Says

Study; Know Other Amazing Health

Benefits Of Keto Diet

A keto diet makes you eat less or no carbs. It is a highfat

diet that contributes to weight loss. According to a recent

study ketogenic diet may help combat the flu virus.

Here are other health benefits of following a keto diet.

A keto diet is a low carb diet and a high-fat diet which

contributes to weight loss. Keto diet for weight loss has

gained huge popularity in the past year. This diet restricts

your carb consumption. It makes you consume

no or very fewer carbs. Only healthy fats are a part of the

keto diet. Not just weight loss keto has shown improvement

in health in various ways. A recent study has also

highlighted the benefits of keto diet other than weight

loss. According to the study, keto can help you fight flu

effectively. During the winter season the chances of flu,

cold and infections increase. A ketogenic diet, which includes

meat, fish, poultry and non-starchy vegetables,

may help combat the flu virus, suggests new research.

This diet regimen activates a subset of T cells in the

lungs not previously associated with the immune system’s

response to influenza, enhancing mucus production

from airway cells that can effectively trap the virus,

said the study published in the journal Science Immunology.

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The International News Weekly Canada

November 22, 2019 | Toronto

03

Garneau says negotiated deal in CN strike

would be fastest way to end dispute

THE CANADIAN PRESS

MONTREAL: For the first time,

a Hindu woman lawmaker has

been inducted into a Canadian

Cabinet as Prime Minister Justin

Trudeau unveiled his "strong

and skilled" team of 37 ministers

which also includes three Sikh

MPs.

The federal government

urged Canadian National Railway

Co. and its striking workers

to continue talks in what it believes

would be the fastest way to

resolve their dispute which has

stopped freight trains across the

country.

"We believe that mediation,

collective bargaining, is the right

way to do this, we've looked at the

situation and we feel that the two

sides need to be talking to each

other," Federal Transport Minister

Marc Garneau told reporters

on Friday.

"We believe that this is not

only the most probable, but also

the fastest way to resolve this issue

so that we can find a solution

and get CN back operating as it

has before, delivering products

across the country." The strike at

the country's biggest railway entered

its fourth day with no resolution

in sight as round-the-clock

negotiations continue under the

watch of federal mediators.

The Teamsters union said

Friday that "no substantive progress

has been made" since 3,200

workers hit the picket lines early

Tuesday morning.

The union claims Quebec's

propane shortage "appears to be

largely manufactured" by Canadian

National Railway Co. amid

rising pressure from industry

and Prairie premiers to reconvene

Parliament ahead of schedule

and pass back-to-work legislation.

Premier Francois Legault

said Thursday that the province

is days away from running out

of propane, which heats hospitals

and nursing homes and fuels

operations in agriculture and

mining. Tensions rose between

CN Rail and the Teamsters Canada

Rail Conference as progress

stalled in Montreal late in the

week.

The union framed CN's decision

to transport freight other

than propane as "a business decision."

The Montreal-based railway

continues to run some trains

using locomotive engineers and

supervisors, who remain on the

job.

CN Rail rejected the union's

claim that the strike concerns

workplace health and safety, suggesting

instead that it revolves

around worker compensation.

"While the current average

salary of a Canadian conductor is

$114,000 plus benefits, including a

defined benefits pension plan, the

union is seeking wage and benefit

improvements beyond those

negotiated this year with Unifor

and another bargaining unit of

the TCRC," CN said in a release.

CN said it has offered to enter

into binding arbitration, with a

neutral arbitrator chosen by the

parties or appointed by the federal

government.

A prolonged disruption to

CN Rail -- a critical artery for

imported consumer goods and a

key export channel for commodities

ranging from grain to fertilizer

and forestry products -- could

dent the country's economy.

The strike could cost the Canadian

economy up to $2.2 billion

if it lasts through the end of the

month, and up to $3.1 billion if it

continues until Dec. 5, according

to TD senior economist Brian De-

Pratto.

A nine-day strike at Canadian

Pacific Railway Ltd. in 2012 drove

a nearly seven per cent drop in

the goods sector that month, De-

Pratto said. Federal back-to-work

legislation ended the labour disruption.

"Should this strike drag on,

it would clearly be disruptive to

the Canadian economy and to the

company in question," said Avery

Shenfeld, chief economist at

CIBC Capital Markets.

"An extended strike risks seeing

a near flattening in economic

activity to finish the year," he

said in an email, noting fourthquarter

GDP growth had been expected

to hit one per cent.

Nearly two-thirds of propane

travels along the tracks at some

point -- in Quebec, about 85 per

cent arrives by rail -- with the

rest shipped by truck, according

to the Canadian Propane Association.

As of Sept. 30, CN had shipped

in 2019 some $11.33 billion in total

freight along its 22,000 kilometres

of track, which stretches from

Vancouver to Halifax to the U.S.

Gulf Coast.

Ontario To Reward Safe Employers

WSIB To Provide an Estimated $140 Million in Financial Incentives

TORONTO: Ontario will

reward its safest employers

with an estimated $140 million

for excellence in occupational

health and safety

as part of a first-of-its-kind

in Canada program unveiled

today.

The program, Supporting

Ontario's Safe Employers,

will formally recognize

employers who successfully

implement health and

safety programs in their

workplaces. The financial

rewards will come in the

form of Workplace Safety

and Insurance Board

(WSIB) rebates over a

three-year period.

"We know that good

health and safety practices

save lives," said Monte

McNaughton, Minister

of Labour, Training and

Skills Development. "But

they also save money. This

program is a reflection of

that fact. Our government

wants to do everything it

can to make workers safer

and help businesses save

money."

Research has shown

that organized, systematic

approaches to health and

safety increase worker

participation in health and

safety practices, encourage

ongoing improvement and

help reduce workplace injuries

and illness. Similar

programs in Europe and

Japan have resulted in a

decline in workplace accidents.

"This is a big step for

Ontario's health and safety

community as we continue

to move forward in protecting

workers," said Ron

Kelusky, Ontario's Chief

Prevention Officer (CPO).

"We're adopting innovative

approaches to become a

modern regulator. Industry

has long asked for rewards

for employers who successfully

promote health and

safety in their workplace."

The program is open to

any employer in Ontario,

regardless of size or sector.

Led by the Office of

the CPO, this ministry program

was developed based

on feedback from labour,

employers and other stakeholders.

The WSIB is also

building on the program

by launching Health and

Safety Excellence, a new

program that will promote

continual health and safety

improvement in Ontario

workplaces.

While the provincial

program recognizes employers

who have already

implemented a health and

safety management system,

the WSIB's program

will encourage employers

without an existing program

to develop one.

"We know that businesses

across the province

strive to make their

workplaces as healthy and

safe as possible for their

employees," said Elizabeth

Witmer, WSIB Chair. "Our

new Health and Safety Excellence

program gives

them a roadmap to improve

health and safety, whether

they're just getting started

or want to optimize processes

they already have in

place."

These initiatives are

part of the government's

commitment to encouraging

a culture of health and

safety to protect workers

on the job and build a prosperous

province.

Quick Facts

Supporting Ontario’s

Safe Employers is the first

program of its kind in Canada.

The names of recognized

employers will be

posted on the Ministry

of Labour, Training and

Skills Development’s website.

These employers will

be able to brand themselves

as CPO-recognized.

An occupational health

and safety management

system (OHSMS) is a tool

that provides an employer

with a systematic approach

to managing health and

safety in the workplace.

Employers may use

one of the existing OHSMS

standards accredited by the

Chief Prevention Officer or

they may develop their own

system and apply to have it

accredited by the province.

For more information,

employers can contact the

Ontario Ministry of Labour,

Training and Skills

Development’s Prevention

Office at SOSE@ontario.ca.


The International News Weekly November 22, 2019 | Toronto 04


The International News Weekly November 22, 2019 | Toronto

05

In final lap, NCP-Cong to talk

power-sharing with Shiv Sena

New Delhi/Mumbai:

With NCP and Congress

scheduled to hold talks

with Shiv Sena on Friday,

permutations of the likely

power-sharing arrangement

are being keenly

discussed with regard to a

“rotational” chief ministership—shared

between

Sena and NCP—as well as

deputy CMs and portfolio

distribution.

The issue of a split term

for the CM’s post is expected

to be taken up with the

Sena, which might not be

keen on the idea, seeking

an unencumbered tenure

for its chief Uddhav Thackeray.

But the demand will

be taken up with Congress

backing NCP’s claim for

the second shot at the top

job in Mantralaya on the

ground that with 54 MLAs,

Sharad Pawar’s party is almost

on a par with Sena’s

56. NCP and Congress are

also likely to insist that

Uddhav himself takes the

helm, rather than replicating

the arrangement where

his father and founderchief

of Sena, Balasaheb,

preferred to run the affairs

through remotecontrolled

proxies Manohar Joshi

and Narayan Rane. “Uddhav’s

leadership will help

stabilise the coalition,”

said a source familiar with

the deliberations in Delhi.

An NCP leader told

media the three-party coalition,

which has been

named Maharashtra Vikas

Aghadi, is likely to

stake claim for formation

of government on Friday

or Saturday and would

like the new government

to be sworn in on Monday.

Sources said if NCP does

not insist on sharing the

CM’s post, Congress and

NCP will each get their

own DCM. NCP has its own

inner dynamics to sort out,

considering that its deputy

CM nominee will be the putative

CM too. By current

indications, Sharad Pawar

is likely to nominate nephew

Ajit Pawar for the pecking

order. Pawar’s daughter

Supriya Sule is seen as

a contender for her father’s

political mantle too, having

won three Lok Sabha

elections.

Yet marathon discussions

over last two days

were not limited to hammering

out a “common

minimum programme”

to steer the coalition government

but also the modalities

of power-sharing,

including distribution,

among allies, of portfolios

and corporations falling

under various departments.

The formula seems

to be a 16-15-12 split of ministerial

berths among Sena,

NCP and Congress.

Pb in ‘difficult financial

position’, FM calls for

urgent review by CM

Arson, threatening

posters shut down

Srinagar again

Chandigarh: Facing

‘difficult financial position’,

mainly due to the delay

in release of around Rs

4,100 crore GST compensation

by the central government,

Punjab finance minister

Manpreet Badal has

called for an urgent review

meeting by chief minister

Amarinder Singh on his

return from abroad. While

Punjab is yet to receive the

GST compensation even for

the months of August and

September, the poor collection

of tax as well as nontax

revenue in the state is

also a serious concern for

the state.

The chief minister is

scheduled to return on

November 28. “CMO may

quickly organise an urgent

review with the CM (on his

return) with all concerned

to take stock of the situation

and decide on steps needed

to tide over the problems of

deteriorating revenues, as

the present delay in GST

compensation may not be

a one-off matter,” Manpreet

has communicated.

In order to tide over the

financial stress, the minister

has also advised the

financial commissioner

(taxation) to take all other

steps “to improve the revenue

collections persuading

willing tax-payers to

deposit non-GST taxes in

advances”.

Manpreet has also directed

the principal secretary

of his department to

advise all administrative

secretaries to take urgent

steps to boost revenue collections

and realise any tax

dues or arrears or non-tax

revenue that may be lying

unrealised at any stage.

The state government

is witnessing low collection

of its non-tax revenue.

Punjab has been able to collect

just 13.98% (Rs 1,325

crore) of the total estimated

yearly nontax revenue (Rs

9,477 crore) till September

end. At the same time, the

Punjab government has

collected 35.84% (Rs 18,276

crore) of the tax revenue in

the first six months of this

fiscal year out of the total

estimated collection of Rs

50,993 crore.

The financial commissioner

of the taxation department

has been directed

to ascertain the reasons for

delay and take immediate

steps to get the GST compensation

released without

any further delay. He has

also been directed by the finance

minister to meet the

Union revenue secretary to

take up the matter.

Manpreet has mentioned

“no worthwhile explanation

is forthcoming

from the central government

for the delay” in the

release of GST compensation.

Also, there is no

indication as to when the

compensation is likely to

be released. Manpreet and

finance ministers of other

states during the Wednesday’s

meeting of the empowered

committee on

GST, had urged the Union

finance minister Nirmala

Sitharaman to immediately

release GST component

to states.

As compared to the corresponding

period of the

previous financial year,

the state government has

been able to make less collection

of its targeted revenue

this year from sales

tax (42% of Rs 6,353 crore),

land revenue (31% of Rs 111

crore) and state excise duties

(37% of Rs 6,201 crore)

till September end.

Srinagar: Shops remained closed and public

transport, including state-run buses, stayed off

roads in parts of Srinagar and south Kashmir on

Thursday following the previous night’s arson

and appearance of threatening posters in the city’s

downtown areas. On Wednesday night, miscreants

had set on fire four shops, as many street carts and

a cab.

Srinagar district magistrate Shahid Iqbal

Choudhary on Thursday issued a strict warning to

miscreants and urged people to report instances of

intimidation to the police.

Police said cases had been registered and those

involved in arson would be arrested soon.

The incidents betrayed the ‘frustration’ of

those who wanted to prolong the shutdown, they

said.

Shops and public transport, however, plied

normally in north Kashmir.

All shops, business establishments and public

transport, including cabs, in south Kashmir had

started functioning normally since November 16

after almost 100 days of shutdown starting August

5 when Parliament took the decision to nullify

Article 370 and reorganise the state of Jammu &

Kashmir into two Union Territories.

However, problem resurfaced after Union

home minister Amit Shah announced in Rajya

Sabha on Wednesday that the situation in Kashmir

had become normal.


The International News Weekly Edit

06

November 22, 2019 | Toronto

The

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Tread Carefully

The NRC mess in Assam should

serve as a cautionary tale for a

nationwide exercise

The government needs to carefully weigh

the pros and cons of extending the National

Register of Citizens (NRC) across the country.

The NRC mess in Assam should serve

as a cautionary tale. The exercise caused

tremendous hardship in the state and reportedly

forced some people to commit

suicide. A nationwide NRC could result in

large-scale disruptions to everyday life as

well as to the economy – and that the nation

can ill-afford at the moment.

Besides, there is a history to NRC in

Assam. It was a way of implementing the

1985 Assam Accord which followed a massive

influx of illegal immigrants in the

state that triggered a mass movement, and

fixed March 25, 1971, as the cut-off date after

which foreigners would be detected and

expelled. Plus, the latest NRC in Assam was

a Supreme Court mandated and monitored

process. Other states lack such a history.

Moreover, even in Assam’s limited context

it has hardly proven successful. BJP in Assam

is itself up in arms against it, and wants

it done all over again. What’s the guarantee

that we won’t see a repeat on a much larger

scale?

It’s worth keeping in mind that NRC verification

isn’t as simple as producing a voter

ID card or a passport. In the Assam NRC,

one first had to produce documentary proof

issued before March 24, 1971 – like the 1951

NRC or electoral rolls up to March 24, 1971 –

to prove that one’s ancestors were residing

in India before that date. The next step was

producing documents for oneself to establish

relationship with those ancestors. In a

country with a poor documentation culture

and crores of people with meagre financial

resources, such onerous requirements are

often beyond one’s means.

One needs to take a step back and think

through what the move entails conceptually.

It is akin to asking 125 crore Indians

reapply citizenship. This is unprecedented

anywhere in the world. Moreover, what happens

to the lakhs if not crores of people who

might be excluded by the arduous process of

NRC proof ? We could have a humanitarian

crisis. The government needs to tread with

great caution on this one. TNN

How To Help Small

Businesses

Cut heavy costs of regulatory and tax compliance,

make credit available

Ritesh Kumar Singh

Smaller business entities are

often associated with the informal

sector and widely believed to dodge

taxes and bypass tough labour regulations.

However, an increasing number

of firms engaged in consultancy,

research and advisory, and other

knowledge intensive services – often

with substantial portion of their sales

as exports – are part of the country’s

formal sector.

Though such firms have fewer employees

compared to large firms, they

are registered with registrar of companies

(RoC) and GSTIN network, and

are usually tax compliant. Yet, they

are subject to several disadvantages

that big businesses don’t have to face

and that affect their cost competitiveness

and growth prospects. The result

is lower investment and loss of thousands

of potential jobs.

Nurturing this sub-segment of

the formal sector will aid economic

growth, improve tax to GDP ratio and

create good jobs that the government

has been trying to achieve through its

formalisation attempts. While demonetisation

jolted the informal sector

dependent on cash, heavy indebtedness

has been troubling large corporations,

while the compliance burden is

suffocating the smaller business subsegment

of the formal economy.

Reducing compliance burden and

associated costs for small businesses

is a low hanging fruit that need not

be postponed for the future, if we’re

serious about achieving our $5 trillion

dream by 2024. While low interest

rates or low cost credit won’t hurt

small business entities, it’s not the

‘cost of credit’ but availability of institutional

credit that is hampering their

growth prospects. While investors insist

on their incorporation as private

limited companies, banks don’t like

the idea of limited liability set ups.

A large number of firms in this

sub-segment deal in services, but the

banks’ credit appraisal and disbursal

system is more suited to manufacturing

firms. Thus, when a newly incorporated

consultancy services company

approached the country’s second

largest public sector bank by market

cap for a loan, the bank refused to

oblige saying that the value of company’s

tangible assets should be at least

ten times the loan value.

Personal guarantee of the company’s

directors with Cibil scores of

800 was no help either. Banks look

for ownership of land, factory sites or

stock in trade as collaterals that small

service companies with few assets

may not be able to furnish, and thus

are denied bank credit.

Delayed payment from larger private

and public sector companies is

a common irritant for smaller firms

supplying goods and services to them.

Many smaller firms do export but our

banks have been fleecing them by

extracting exorbitant forex conversion

charges that could be as much as

3%. No wonder, India’s global export

share is so low compared to its size

and potential.

For getting export incentives, a

company small or big must have Import-Export

Code (IEC) from DGFT

and RCMC (Registration Cum Membership

Certificate) from a relevant

export promotion council. However,

many of our export promotion councils

don’t distinguish between large

companies and small companies when

it comes to their membership charges.

The more complex the regulations

and compliance requirements,

the greater is the disadvantage small

business entities which don’t have

dedicated regulatory affairs teams or

financial muscle to deal with them.

The badly designed and poorly implemented

GST regime is a big pain for

smaller business entities and that

may be the reason why so many of

them have been avoiding it for long.

Irrespective of its turnover a small

business entity has to file monthly,

then quarterly, and if its revenue

crosses Rs 2 crore annual GST as well.

It has to file quarterly TDS returns.

Then there is director’s e-KYC, audit

and multiple financial reportings

and filings with scary names such

as AoC4, ADT1 and MGT7 that overwhelm

smaller companies.

More rules mean more inspectors

to deal with. All these filings and reportings

shouldn’t be discouraging

small entrepreneurs and professionals

from starting their own ventures if

we’re serious about expanding the formal

economy, good jobs and tax base.

So far it seems the major beneficiary

of the GST regime are chartered accountants

who are getting lots of work

to do and make money in the process.

Regulatory experts say our complex

rules induce small firms to remain

small. It’s compliance burden

and not high interest or tax rates that

are choking smaller business entities.

Hence, the solution doesn’t lie

in reducing interest and tax rates or

increasing subsidies that mostly benefit

large corporates. Second, with

banks in general preferring established

big companies to lend to, small

business entities – especially those in

the services sector – are often denied

bank credit. Given this backdrop, two

things – rationalising regulatory requirements

and easy (not necessarily

cheap) credit – will help small businesses.

Reducing compliance burden

will help small firms save a lot of time

and money that could be used for marketing

their products and services. To

ease access to bank credit, the government

should further strengthen its

flagship programme, PSB Loan in 59

minutes portal by encouraging private

banks to join it or have their own

loan portals.

Instead of monthly and quarterly

GST, and quarterly TDS filings, we

should adopt annual filings, say for

entities with turnover of less than Rs

2 crore per annum, though payment of

GST and TDS can continue as usual so

that government finances are not affected.

This is the minimum that the

government could do to really help

small businesses. Implementing these

suggestions won’t require much money

but only intent.

Source Credit: This article was first published

in The Times of India. The writer is

a business economist with Indonomics Consulting

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The International News Weekly November 22, 2019 | Toronto

07


The International News Weekly November 22, 2019 | Toronto 08

Jagmel’s murder a reminder of

Malwa’s brutal caste oppression

Bathinda: The gruesome,

near unbelievable

murder of Jagmel Singh,

a Dalit from Changaliwala

village in Sangrur, is

a sordid reminder of the

brutality of caste oppression

in Punjab’s Malwa

region.

Like Jagmel’s case,

which hit the headlines

a week ago just out of the

sheer violence involved,

four incidents rocked

the state over the past 12

years — of Gurdev Kaur

and Sukhchain Singh in

2016, Bhim Tank

in 2015, and Bant

Singh in 2006. Only Bant

continues to live to tell

the tale of how his seven

upper-caste men pinned

him down in a field, and

kept dropping a handpump

on his legs to reduce

them to pulp, so he

could never walk again.

He was rushed from Burj

Jabbar in Mansa to 200km

away to PGIMER, Chandigarh,

where his arms and

a leg were amputated.

Cut to Jagmel, the attack

was no different, at

least in its mindlessness.

To avenge a spat they

had with him on October

23, four upper-caste men

from Jagmel’s village

took him to the house of

main accused Rinku and

his father Amarjeet Singh

on November 7 by promising

to get him a medicine

he needed. They tied their

victim to a pole, rained

lathi blows on his legs,

poured acid on them, and

left him for the dead by a

roadside.

He died due to multiple

organ failure on November

16.

An academician at

Panjab Universit says

even today, many people

from upper caste communities

feel Dalits are

not equal to them. “When

Dalits try to assert their

rights, members of upper

castes feel their authority

is being challenged,”

says Prof Ronki Ram of

PU’s political science department.

He says though

the highest concentration

of Dalits in Punjab is in

Doaba, fewer attacks take

place there as the community

is more united in

that region of the state.

Lachhman Singh

Sewewala, the general

secretary of Punjab Khet

Mazdoor Union who continues

to fight for Dalit

rights, says there is an attempt

by some people in

upper caste communities

to ensure Dalits’ social

status was never equal to

theirs.

Bant (50), now an icon

of the Dalit struggle, says

members of the community

were still treated like

second-class citizens.

He is now getting a

disablility pension of Rs

750 per month. “They

have not even provided

me a wheelchair,” he

says. “Politicians look to

us only during elections.

It is only an illusion that

society’s perception has

changed. Look at Jagmel’s

case.”

All in a day: Farm fires in Pb

dip from 1,036 to 151

New Delhi: With increase

in paddy stubble

burning incidents in last

three days in Muktsar, the

district administration officials

visited various villages

with fire tenders and

claim to have doused farm

fires at couple of places.

The officials also recommended

registration of

cases where farmers were

burning stubble.

The Muktsar district,

which till November 18,

had recorded much less

stubble burning incidents

as compared with previous

year, saw a surge in

stubble burning incidents

in the last three days. The

stubble burning incidents

remained high in Muktsar

on November 19, 20 and 21.

On November 19, it recorded

343 incidents of 1,036

incidents in Punjab. On

November 20, 380 incidents

of 1,036 and on November

21, it recorded 42 incidents

of the total 151 recorded in

Punjab. Last year, Muktsar had recorded 31 incidents on November 19 and 71 on November 20. However, in Muktsar the burning incidents

as compared with

previous year is still less

(4,271 recorded till November

21 whereas there were

5,381 stubble burning incidents

till November 21,

2018).

However, Punjab recorded

52,154 stubble burning

incidents till November

21 up from 50,829 in the

previous year. Combined

with wheat stubble burning,

Punjab recorded 63,852

burning incidents till November

20, up from 61,497

in the previous year.

Muktsar deputy commissioner

M K Aravind Kumar

said, “Action is being

taken against the farmers

burning stubble which include

registration of cases

and imposing of fines apart

from making red entries in

the land records.

The farmers who have

not burnt stubble will be

provided compensation of

Rs 2,500 per acre after verifying

the facts from panchayats.”


The International News Weekly November 22, 2019 | Toronto

09

NRC will be conducted across

India, repeated in Assam: Shah

New Delhi: A National

Register of Citizens (NRC)

would be implemented

across the country which

would require replicating

the justconcluded exercise

in Assam, home minister

Amit Shah said in Rajya

Sabha on Wednesday while

assuring that no discrimination

would be made on

the basis of religion.

Stating that government

was sticking to BJP’s

poll promise to catalogue all

citizens, Shah said, “NRC

process in Assam was conducted

under Supreme

Court order and under a

separate law. When NRC

will be launched across the

country then, naturally, the

exercise will be repeated in

Assam.”

Official sources said a

nationwide NRC can only

happen after the National

Population Register (NPR)

is updated, which will be

done alongside Census 2021.

After NPR’s verification

process is over, the process

of NRIC (National Register

of Indian Citizens) can

begin. As of now, the NPR

exercise is not being taken

up in Assam and the final

NRC published recently

will be updated along with

the NRIC.

Shah’s reply to questions

from members came

against the backdrop of criticism

over the manner of

implementation of NRC in

Assam and claims that the

exercise did not distinguish

between illegal immigrants

and those who, while not

being citizens, were eligible

for refugee status.

Shah strongly stood by

the Citizenship Amendment

Bill which aims to

provide citizenship to

Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists,

Christians and Parsis from

Bangladesh, Pakistan and

Afghanistan who have fled

to India to avoid religious

persecution. “Hindu, Buddhist,

Sikh, Jain, Christian,

Parsi refugees should get

citizenship and that is why

the Citizenship Amendment

Bill is needed so that

these refugees, who are being

discriminated on basis

of religion in Pakistan, Bangladesh

or Afghanistan, get

Indian citizenship,” he said.

The proposal has been

criticised for excluding

Muslims. Shah’s reply was

a clear indication that the

Citizenship Amendment

Bill, which lapsed because

the term of Lok Sabha ended,

is set to be brought to

Parliament.

While the opposition

benches continued to accuse

the government of

discrimination against

Muslims, Shah said the

government accepted that

Hindu, Buddhist, Jain,

Christian, Sikh and Parsi

refugees should get citizenship

on specific grounds

and this is why the Citizenship

Amendment Bill was

being considered.

Once enacted, Hindu

refugees will be saved from

being treated as illegal immigrants.

Shah emphasised

that unlike CAB, NRC

didn’t provide for faithbased

exclusions. “The

NRC has no such provision

that says certain religions

will be excluded from it. All

citizens of India, irrespective

of religion, will figure

in the NRC list. The NRC is

different from the Citizenship

Amendment Bill.”

Shah said those who

don’t figure in the NRC list

for Assam have the right to

go to the tribunal. “If any

person doesn’t have the

money to approach tribunals,

then the Assam government

will bear the cost

to hire a lawyer,” he said.

Some BJPruled states such

as Uttarakhand, Haryana

and UP have indicated that

they are willing to conduct

Assam-like NRC exercises.

Panchkula violence case:

Charges framed against

Honeypreet, 39 others

Woman accuses

cops of inaction,

attempts suicide

Panchkula: Panchkula

chief judicial magistrate

(CJM) Rohit Wattas on

Wednesday framed charges

against

Honeypreet alias Priyanka

Taneja, the adopted

daughter of rape convict

Dera Sacha Sauda head

Gurmeet Ram Rahim, and

39 others in Panchkula violence

case in Haryana.

Recently, additional district

and sessions judge Sanjay

Sandhir had dropped

sedition charges against

Honeypreet and the other

accused. Thereafter on November

6, bail was granted

to Honeypreet in FIR registered

at Panchkula’s Sector

5 police station in August

2017. In the said FIR, apart

from Honeypreet, Dera

chief’s top aides Surinder

Dhiman, Chamkaur Singh,

Daan Singh, Dilawar Singh,

Rakesh Kumar, Khairati

Lal and Govind Ram were

also mentioned as accused.

The CJM court framed

charges under sections 145

(joining or continuing in

unlawful assembly, knowing

it has been commanded

to disperse), 146 (rioting),

150 (hiring or conniving

at hiring, of persons to

join unlawful assembly),

151 (knowingly joining or

continuing in assembly of

five or more persons after

it has been commanded to

disperse), 152 (assaulting or

obstructing public servant

when suppressing riot), 153

(promoting enmity between

different groups on grounds

of religion, race, place of

birth, residence, language,

and doing acts prejudicial to

maintenance of harmony)

and 120B (criminal conspiracy)

of the Indial Penal Code

(IPC).

Defence counsel R S

Chauhan said the court had

also framed charges under

section 216 (harbouring offender)

of IPC against Gurmeet,

Sharanjeet, another

Gurmeet and Pargat Singh.

The case would come up for

hearing next on December

13, he added.

The police had arrested

41 accused mentioned in

the FIR and the remaining

five, including dera spokesperson

Aditya Insan, were

declared proclaimed offenders

by the Panchkula

court. This was the only

FIR in which Honeypreet

was named as an accused.

According to the police

chargesheet, the conspiracy

to spread violence in Panchkula

was hatched at dera

headquarters by Honeypreet

and the 45-member dera

management committee.

Honeypreet was charged

with criminal conspiracy

and sedition and is the

prime accused in the Panchkula

violence that broke out

after the conviction of the

dera chief. Notably, Honeypreet

had travelled with the

dera chief in a helicopter

when he was airlifted from

Panchkula to Rohtak’s Sunaria

jail after his conviction.

Honeypreet had gone

into into hiding for 38 days

before her arrest on October

4, 2017, from the Zirakpur-

Patiala highway.

As many as 36 people

were killed and more than

200 were injured in the violence

on August 25, 2017.

Batala: A middle-aged woman created a stir by

going live on a social media platform to vent her

ire against the local police before attempting suicide

near the Civil Hospital.

The entire force was taken aback after the

news spread like wildfire that the woman had attempted

to take her life after pinning the blame on

a senior officer.

Junior officers contacted SSP Opinderjit Singh

Ghuman who was away to Chandigarh to attend

an official meeting. The woman, Manisha, went

live on Facebook on Thursday afternoon and said

that her boyfriend had reneged on his promise to

marry her. “I took the matter to the police, who

refused to listen to me. I am committing suicide because

of the police inaction on my complaint. The

police are not taking action against my boyfriend

Amandeep Singh Deepu. I belong to a poor family

and hence, the police are not listening to me,” she

said.

An officer confirmed that Manisha had met him

on Thursday. “It was just a routine meeting. Actually,

she had submitted a complaint against a Tarn

Taran-based boy about two months ago in which

she claimed that he was maintaining physical relations

with her but had refused to marry her. We

are in the process of taking that grievance of hers

to its logical conclusion. Today, I had assured her

that we were on the job and things will be sorted

out soon, to which she agreed. However, 30 minutes

later somebody gave us the news that she had

attempted suicide by consuming poison in front of

the Civil Hospital,” the officer said.


The International News Weekly November 22, 2019 | Toronto 10

When dreams become a nightmare

New Delhi: Having

held a phone after almost

a year, 21-year-old Sukhvinder

Singh broke down

as he informed his father

that he would reach home

in around six hours.

Shocked, his father asked

him if things were all

right in the United States.

Singh was too embarrassed

to tell his family in

Haryana that he had arrived

in Delhi after being

deported from Arizona.

One after another,

the 145 deportees, among

them three women,

walked out at the arrival

terminal at IGI Airport

on Wednesday, standing

out among the crowd with

their ragged clothes and

shoes sans laces. Having

suffered restrictive

schedules for eating and

sleeping at the camps for

illegal migrants in the

US, Singh had decided to

spend a few hours living

it up in Delhi with friends

he had made at the camp

before venturing home.

Some of the men, qualified

engineers but unemployed

at home, had paid

agents Rs 25 lakh each

to reach America, where

they hoped to find jobs.

Instead for the past five

months, they were held in

poorly appointed detention

centres. “It’s been a

long time since someone

called me by my name,”

said Ramandeep Singh

Gada. “At the immigration

camps, we were

called by the numbers assigned

to us.” He claimed

to have been treated like

a common criminal and

given basic food. There

were days when, for a

change, they were given

beef, but Gada said they

had to shun it for religious

reasons and remain

hungry for the day.

Despite their humiliating

experience, there

are many who want to

go back to the country of

their dreams. “My cousins

went there a decade

ago and are today living

a great life,” said Jasweer

Singh. “Seeing their

pictures on Facebook, I

had made up my mind to

also migrate to America.

High Court notice to Centre on Simranjit Mann’s plea

Now I don’t have the face

to show my family and

haven’t yet informed my

parents of my deportation.

I have spent their

life savings on my misadventure.”

Gurpreet Singh of

Punjab, a mechanical engineer,

left home a year

ago. His fond dreams were

shattered the moment he

stepped on American soil.

“Along with several other

Indians, I was put in a detention

centre and for the

first few weeks we weren’t

even told why we were being

held,” he claimed. “It

was only later that we

were told we did not have

proper documents to either

enter America or be

able to stay on there.”

When the detainees

asked for help, Jubarjug

Singh said that the camp

authorities informed

them about the legal procedures,

basically that

after having paid around

Rs 25 lakh to get there,

the detainee would have

to spend a similar sum to

be free.

“Despite repeated requests,

our living conditions

were not bettered in

any way and the only way

out for us was to blindly

agree to whatever the

people there asked of us,”

he added.

Explaining his bedraggled

appearance, Paramjeet

Singh said, “The

track pants that we are

wearing were provided

to us at the immigration

camps after the clothes

that we were carrying

were stolen or confiscated.

Even the shoelaces

were taken away.” He

also alleged that if anyone

fell asleep and missed

the camp meal, they

would not get any food

through the day and other

inmates were warned

against sharing their

food with such people.

Chandigarh : The Punjab and Haryana

High Court today issued notice of motion to

the Union of India, the SGPC and other respondents

on the petition filed by former IPS officer

and two times MP Simranjit Singh Mann

seeking directions for registration of a case

for demolishing Darshani Deori of Gurdwara

Darbar Sahib in Tarn Taran.

Appearing before the Bench of Justice

Harnaresh Singh Gill, Mann’s counsel Ranjan

Lakhanpal submitted that Darshani Deori

was built by the grandson of Maharaja Ranjit

Singh about 200 years ago. The SGPC entrusted

its care to Baba Jagtar Singh. But he and

other have destroyed Darbar Sahib, he alleged.

Lakhanpal added the Shiromani Akali

Dal, Amritsar, headed by Mann, and other

Sikh leaders sat on a dharna for over a week.

But action was not taken by the SGPC against

the demolition or against the persons who

committed the crime. Referring to a report on

the issue in The Tribune, Lakhanpal added

the building which was partially demolished

was a heritage site and of immense religious

importance for the Sikh community. The case

will now come up on November 26.


The International News Weekly November 22, 2019 | Toronto

11

2-hr drama precedes panel

debate on WhatsApp row

New Delhi: A two-hour-long

drama unfurled at the meeting

of a parliamentary committee,

headed by Congress leader

Shashi Tharoor, on Wednesday

as it was marked by sharp

differences between MPs from

BJP and opposition parties on

whether the WhatsApp snooping

issue be taken up for discussion.

The panel finally discussed

the matter after a vote in favour

of it being taken up. Of the

30-member panel, only 24 members,

including Tharoor, were

present and 12 votes were cast

on either side. Tharoor as chair

cast his deciding vote to enable

the discussion.

Sources said the casting

vote on the WhatsApp-Pegasus

controversy, which has become

a political row with opposition

members raising the matter in

Parliament, sealed a long and

heated discussion, with secretaries

to home and electronics &

IT ministries being kept waiting

for over two hours.

Shiv Sena and NDA partner

Ram Vilas Paswan’s Lok

Janshakti Party voted with the

opposition, in favour of the discussion

being taken up. LJP MP

Choudhury Mehboob Ali Kaiser

represented his party at the

meeting.

Tharoor had earlier written

to members of the parliamentary

standing committee on information

technology, saying

the alleged use of technology

for snooping on Indian citizens

was a matter of “grave concern”

and it would be discussed at its

meeting on Wednesday.

BJP MPs were overruled on

their argument that the speaker

should decide on whether

Appointment of

ex-Major as DSP

set for cabinet nod

the matter could be discussed

at all, by other members who

pointed out that it was not being

taken up for the first time

on Wednesday, but the topic

had earlier been discussed by

the same panel which was then

headed by BJP MP Anurag

Thakur. Wednesday’s meeting

was inconclusive and the next

meeting will be held on November

27.

Earlier, WhatsApp had let

out that 121 Indian journalists

and human rights activists

were among those globally

spied upon by unidentified entities,

using Israeli spyware Pegasus.

Top sources had earlier

said WhatsApp had written to

the government expressing

“regret” over the row, and had

assured that it was taking all

security measures to address

concerns. Separately, communications

and IT minister Ravi

Shankar Prasad told Parliament

that “some statements

have appeared, based on reports

in media regarding this. These

attempts to malign the government

for the reported breach

are completely misleading”.

Prasad added that the “government

is committed to protect the

fundamental rights of citizens,

including the right to privacy”.

Chandigarh: Punjab

government is set to take

the cabinet route for appointment

of a retired

Army officer as deputy

superintendent of police

(DSP) by relaxing the

height parameter in the

recruitment rules. He is

at present an excise and

taxation officer (ETO) in

Punjab.

The state government

proposes to appoint Major

Sumer Singh as a DSP by

taking out one post from

the purview of Punjab

Public Service Commission

(PPSC) so that the

council of ministers can

relax the rules. The minimum

height required for

the post of DSP is five feet

and seven inches. But the

former Army officer, who

is one inch shorter than

required to be eligible for

the post, had sought relaxation

of this criterion.

A senior government

officer confirmed that the

case would be put up for

final approval of the council

of ministers in the

next cabinet meeting.

It is learnt that former

Army officer’s case is being

pushed by an adviser

of chief minister Captain

Amarinder Singh on

the plea that the Major’s

unique experience in the

Army would help him

serve better in the police

force.

Major Sumer was selected

in the 2015 ex-servicemen

category quota

as excise and taxation officer,

which comes under

the state’s allied services.

His efforts to get appointed

as DSP have also

delayed the appointment

of others selected for the

Punjab civil services and

allied services in the exservicemen

category.

The personnel department

as well as the legal

department had opined

that rules cannot be relaxed

in his case as the

selection process is over

and had cited numerous

high court judgments

that make it clear that no

change of criteria is permitted

once the recruitment

process has commenced.

Therefore, the state

government has decided

to get the appointment

cleared from the state

cabinet.


The International News Weekly November 22, 2019 | Toronto 12

Making MGNREGS More Useful

The programme has been overhauled in the last five years to deliver better results

Amarjeet Sinha

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural

Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGN-

REGS) has been in the news recently.

While the MGNREGA was passed in 2005,

independent studies by Niehaus and Sukthankar

in 2013 and Imbert Clement and

John Papp (2014) had found the scheme

plagued by corruption. Nobel laureate Abhijit

Banerjee recently acknowledged the

plugging of leakages in MGNREGS over

the last five years. Clearly the efforts to

clean up MGNREGS through use of technology

have been effective.

The Institute of Economic Growth,

Delhi study on MGNREGS, headed by

Manoj Panda in 2018, found only 0.5%

Natural Resource Management (NRM) assets

to be unsatisfactory. This is a proxy

indicating sharp reduction in leakages.

This has been possible on account of a

range of reforms in MGNREGS, some of

which were acknowledged in Chapter X of

the Economic Survey 2019. What are these

reforms that have made a difference?

First, in the true spirit of the MGN-

REGA, it was seen as an opportunity to

enhance the livelihood security of rural

households. There was a thrust on durable

assets like farm ponds and dug wells

that increase incomes. Animal sheds for

marginal and small farmers were taken

up along with 90/95 day wage labour support

to landless manual casual labour who

were provided housing under Pradhan

Mantri Awaas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY-G).

Water conservation was given a focus by

notifying Mission Water Conservation

guidelines for MGNREGS in 2016 and following

up with adequate capacity building.

It was made clear that MGNREGS is

not a pension scheme but a programme

for livelihood security.

Second, Individual Beneficiary

Schemes which accounted for 21.4% of

the total works in 2014-15 now account for

67.29%. Over 18.17 lakh individual farm

ponds, 10.56 lakh Vermi/Nadep pits, 4.85

lakh soak pits, 5.16 lakh wells, support for

1.54 crore rural housing beneficiaries, 1.3

lakh goat sheds, 5.56 lakh cattle sheds have

been constructed over the last five years

on account of the thrust on livelihood security.

From 36.18 lakh works completed

in 2015-16, the total completed works rose

to 89.86 lakh in 2018-19 on account of better

monitoring of outcomes. Over 15 million

hectares benefited from the water conservation

thrust and 40–50,000 villages could

improve their water security.

Third, complete transparency was

given the highest priority with Aadhaar

linking of accounts, near 100% electronic

Fund Management System (eFMS), 100%

IT/DBT and geo-tagging of assets, improved

public record system, and most importantly

a strengthened system of Social

Audit to hold local government leaders

accountable to the community. Over 97%

wage payments are now generated within

15 days and over 75% actually credited in

the workers’ account within 15 days.

Fourth, changes were brought in the

programme by making 60:40 wages to

material ratio applicable at the district

level instead of at gram panchayat level.

This ensured evidence-based selection of

works. 60% works were earmarked for

agriculture and allied sectors and states

were encouraged to come up with state

specific water conservation and afforestation

efforts. By making 60:40 work at

district level, it was possible to take up

priority public infrastructure like anganwadi

buildings under MGNREGS and

42,716 have been completed in the last five

years. Each and every asset, right from

the inception of the programme, can be

seen on the public website.

Fifth, the labour budget of states was

drawn on the basis of manual casual labour

and deprivation counts, to ensure

that states with more manual casual

labour and deprivation got more of the

MGNREGS resources. The Socio Economic

and Caste Census (SECC) finalised

in July 2015 provided an opportunity to

ensure that MGNREGS funds went to the

poorest regions of the country. Linking

90/95 days of work with the rural housing

programme which also used SECC

based deprivation, it was possible to substantially

raise labour budgets in poorer

regions.

Sixth, seeing climate change impact

showing up in one-fifth of the districts every

year in the form of low or late rains,

aprovision was made to notify 150 days of

work in such regions that had a natural

calamity or drought. This too focussed on

work provision where it was required.

Seventh, efforts were made to continuously

improve the community connect and

partnership of panchayat leaders, women

self-help groups under the Livelihood Mission

and the frontline workers through a

People’s Plan Campaign. Each and every

gram panchayat of the country has been

ranked in 2018. The same process is happening

now for 2019 and all rankings are

in the public domain on www.gpdp.nic.in.

The Gram Swaraj Abhiyan for ensuring

seven benefits to every deprived/ eligible

household in 65,000 purposively selected

villages in mission mode in 2018-19, is an

excellent example of community connect.

While there is always room for improvement,

a lot has been achieved

through these reforms under MGNREGS.

Even during a period when prices of agriculture

commodities have not risen and

wage increase has been modest, it has

been possible to expand the asset base of

the poor and diversify and develop livelihoods

on a much larger scale.

It is true that assetisation and emerging

education, gas, electricity bills, and

health spend of households have altered

the basket of goods and services that poor

households consume and perhaps this

needs to reflect better in the Consumer

Price Index for agricultural labourers.

The Labour Bureau is working on it. MGN-

REGS durable assets, livelihood and water

conservation thrust and 90/95 days under

PMAY-G for the poor, have improved the

lives and livelihoods of the poor.

Source Credit: This article was first published

in The Times of India. The writer is Union Minister

for Law & Justice, Communications and

Electronics & IT

The Bhagwad Gita And Management Science

Swami Swaroopananda

Whether you are seeking enlightenment,

facing a moral dilemma

or you are the managing

director of a multinational corporation

working for success,

the Bhagwad Gita can guide you

effectively in achieving your

objectives. This article outlines

the role of the Gita in Management

Science.

Krishna gives many useful

suggestions on how an executive

could manage his company

successfully. The executive

must have the following qualifications:

Jnanam: This means

a complete vision of the entire

organisation, its aims and objectives,

its place in the country

and also in relation to other

countries. There may be many

functional divisions in the organisation,

but the head must

see unity in all of them. The

relationship between the parts

and the whole must be understood

well.

Buddhi: Discrimination and

discretion. The chief should

be capable of imparting his vision

to all his workers at their

own level of understanding and

field of work. This ability is

buddhi. While translating this

vision into reality, there will

arise many problems, difficulties

and obstacles that may be

objective or manmade as well.

At such moments what is required

is buddhi – the ability

to understand the very cause of

such problems and to remove it

effectively. Buddhi is required

to manage two kinds of people:

those who have difficulties and

those who are difficult people!

In order to do all this the executive

must have good knowledge

of the human mind.

Dhriti: This means patience

and fortitude. The ability to consistently

hold on to your goal is

called dhriti. No goal is achieved

easily and quickly. We meet

with many obstacles that try

our patience. Similar is the case

when all workers are not able to

see the vision and they frustrate

even an effective leader. On all

such occasions the leader must

have extreme patience to win

them over and achieve the goal.

The success of a project depends

on the appointment of

right persons for various jobs.

There will be diversity in jobs

and functions but there should

be unity in purpose and total

dedication to it. The greater the

goal and higher the inspiration,

the more spectacular the success

will be. The way Krishna

managed the crisis at Kurukshetra

on the battlefield, teaching

Arjuna and then leading the

Pandavas to victory, is proof of

this fact.

Worship and meditation:

The mind operates at two levels

– conscious and the subconscious.

The subconscious mind

is very powerful. By cleaning

up the mind and empowering it,

we can garner full energy of the

subconscious mind.

Worship helps us to meditate;

the mind takes the form

of the object of meditation.

Thus, while meditating on the

form, the mind develops and

manifests the qualities of the

deity. Krishna presents elaborate

details on the ‘why’, ‘how’

and ‘obstacles’ in the process of

meditation. Reflect and meditate

when you face obstacles and

challenges, when you are losing

your enthusiasm and when you

are unable to lead.

Leadership does not mean

that all have to become presidents

or CEOs. If you can be an

inspiration to any person, you

are a leader.

If you can help, motivate and

guide just one person, you are

a leader. (The writer is global

head, Chinmaya Mission)

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