April 20 2019
THE 2000’s ISSUE
Relive the worst decade in modern history
You’ve Got Mail!
Letter from the editor
From Top 8S To Mutuals; Myspace’s Forgotten
Impact On How We Interact With The Internet
Despite what you may think, MySpace still exists. While the site may not be as popular as it once was, its influence can
OP-Ed on the ettiquite of teh interwebz
still be felt in 2019 through our celebrity obsession, today’s social media networks and music discovery.
CatKnight Interviews Chris-Chan
Get schooled on
Keep your eye on the money
All things pop culture
Hi, I’m Clippy, your office
assistant! You seem to be having
trouble navigating a magazine.
Do you need assistance?
Sonichu fan CatKnight/MasterDisaster AKA Arthur Spatchcock of England interviews our TRUE AND HONEST hero,
posing as an interested English entrepreneur. Naturally, numerous tangents that are totally inappropriate occur.
How To Access The Dark Web Safely And
So, you want to get on the dark web? Don’t worry; we’re not judging. There are lots of perfectly legitimate
reasons you might want to access all that shady content.
Tumblr’s Porn Ban Is The Middle Of The End
Of The Old Internet
The internet culture of the 2000’s has been dying off for years, and the march to the digital grave is speeding up.
The Gif Is 30 Years Old. It Didn’t Just Shape
The Internet - It Grew Up With It.
Here’s how your favorite image format evolved into a cultural staple
DENIZENS OF TEH
In this Issue...
Get your fill of garbage
submitted by the human filth that
read this magazine
Editor in Chief
Our mission here at E-1337 is to inform, enlighten and
obfuscate readers on the wonders of the digital landscape.
We chase the waves of this cultural experience
wherever they lead, scouring the dank corners
of the web to keep you informed. Often crass, loud and
unapologetically challenging, but always genuine.
In this issue of your favorite piece of
Portuguese zen poetry, we take a look
back at a simpler time in the digital landscape.
A time before memes made daytime
news headlines and Facebook connected the
world. This is a time of rage comics, snaillike
downloads, chaos and funneh cats: the
2000s. The era immediately after 9/11
can best be described as a period of great
disruption in the fabric of American culture.
The destruction of the World Trade
Center thrust the US out of the affluent
bliss of the 80s and 90s and into a world of
rampant violence, political
uncertainty and economic freefall. At
the same time, the technologies that would
shape our future were new and
unfamiliar. The internet of the mid-
00’s was very much the wild west in this
way–with no unified laws or customs, people
on the fringes of society formed unique
micro-communities on the image boards and
forums of the early web. Sheltered by
a sense of anonymity rarely seen in today’s
world, being involved with the internet
at this time felt like being in on a joke few
chaotic stupidity, hostility, irony
and middle school tier toilet humor feels
perhaps a little more human. This culture
reinforced total expression, for better or
worse, and provided an escape from a reality
that seemed like everything was falling apart.
For this issue’s features, we take a look
at how everyone’s cringy Myspace page
shaped the way we interact with each other
online. We’ll look at the mysterious dark
web, a place mention only in hushed tones
around the web, to tell you everything you
need to know to get there (if you dare). Then
we’ll talk about an ongoing crisis that’s been
rocking the Tumblr community–the
so–called porn ban and how it’s contributing
to the loss of valuable internet history.
Last but certainly not least, we’ve got a
feature many of our True and Honest fans
have been waiting for; an interview with the
creator of Sonichu, Chris Weston Chander,
better known as Chris Chan.
So kiddos, dust off your image macro
collection and take a sip of that sweet nostalgia.
All your magazine are belong
Today we take a look at some of
the most foul and infamous
images to ever grace the internet.
The revolutionary effects of
windows XP on the future of OS’.
Also included; get ready to hit
shuffle-our recview of the
Ipod Nano 3
Is the Dogecoin boom
sustainable, and what is the future
of cryptocurrency? Our top
analysts give their thoughts
6969 cool street
weedsport NY, 13166
Of course most of these memes seem
stupid now, in an era where even your
grandma can see what you’re doing through
social media. But reveling in the sea of
Editor in Chief
Big chungus Jr. esq alpha :
SO is porn hylib free or do I have to pay the performers beforehand
You can’t just throw ketchup on a piece of toast and call it a Bruschetta.
I aborted my sone and now all he dos is play Minecraft in his bedroom
Im not saying that the new ghostbusters was unrealistic, im just saying how
would they stop ghots with titties in the way
“Does Bruno Mars Is Gay?
Bruno Mars is gay is the most discussed in the media in the few years ago.
Even it has happened in 2012, but some of the public still curious about what
is exactly happening and to be the reason there is a rumor comes out about his
gay. At that time he became the massive social networking rumor.
The public, especially his fans are shocked. He just came out with his bad rumor
which is spread massively. This time is not about his music career, but his bad
rumor. The rumor is out of standardize of hoax, according the last reported this
singer revealed himself as homosexual. Do you still believe or not, this rumor is
really much talked by people even in a person of his fans.”
In this month’s issue, our readers take
a swing at writing erotic fanfiction.
discuss the finer points of online
etiquette and The KEv returns
with another light beer review...
Stop shitting up your favorite
social media platforms with
your ebic hot takes and low
effort bait and start shitting up
your favorite magazine!
Send your quality funposts
to firstname.lastname@example.org and see if
you can make the cut.
“Review: Natural Light
So this beer is one that me and the boys
all fuck with and i wanted to write a full
review for all of the other detla’s to see.
Natty fucking owns, its cheap and it
tastes like Saturdays (are for the boys).
Gay Factor 10/10
I would reccomend anyone looking to
throw a sick Kutz Paddys day party to
grab a keg-boy of this shit.
Actually sir, you are wrong about Donald J. Trump.
I have three doctorates in economics from really
big schools and i can tell you he is scientifically
the best president. Im sorry that you’re too dumb
to get it. Why dont you try facts or rven logix to
figure out who to vote for next time. Try listening
to someone smart like Ben Shapiro or Jordan
Peterson you fucking libtard
Grape jelly is cultural appropriation
“Garfield comes home from a long day at the
lasagna factory. He is pooped, it’s a Monday.
Garfield is ready for a cat nap but that is not what
Dave has in mind. As Garfield lays down and spits
out a big har ball Dave brings him a plate of Garfields
favorite food, lasagna. You would think after
a day of making lasagna garfeild wouldn’t want any,
but you’d be wrong. Garfeild was in heaven, that
wouldn’t be the first time tonight Dave brought
Garfeild was finished eating, he had sauce all over
“”Let me help”” Dave whispers as he leans in for a
To be Continued”
u may be wondering why im like this,,,,the answer is, we will never kno for sure
sometimes my roommates get annoyed @ me for saying nut butt too much
but i think its kinda funny and unexpected. i shortened the word peanut
butter one day and havent looked back
oh yeah? you love your girlfriend? name three of her albums
Beatoff My O’pourke:
Aunt jemima was an eco-terrorist
BLACK WIDOW SHOULDN’T BE AN AVENGER.
I AM JUST SUPPOSED TO BELIEVE THAT SHE
CAN BEAT UP THANOS. THANOS IS HUGE AND
HAS THE MOST POWER EVER. EVEN WITH ALL
THE OTHER BETTER CHARCTERS AROUND
HER BLACK WIDOW STILL SUCKS, SHE CANT
HOLD HER OWN. WHAT EVEN IS HER
POWER, TITTIES? STAN LEE IS A JOKE IF HE
THINKS THAT I WANT A STAND ALONE BLACK
WIDOW MOVIE AND NOT IRON MAN 4
While Huey is one of the worlds greatest singers of all
time you have to give it up for The News. They gave
the backbone to America’s hit tunes for like 20 years.
Huey Lewis is my favorite singer, but the News is the
“hELLo WeLcOMe tO MiKe’S sHitPoSt dePaRTmeNt,
GivE mE uR UsERnAmE anD WriTe WhAteVer You
waNt, LiTerAllY aNytHinG, I nEed FriEndS, I aM sO
LonELy AnD thE inTerNeT iS My OnLy FriEnD...
get a life ur prolly 12 nerd”
So is sleeping with your
twin gay if he is Identical to me ?
The JeWs did thr halocost
SEND US YOUR SHIT // email@example.com // BE A FRE@KIN’ LEGEND
Hi, I’m Clippy, your office
assistant! This seems to be
a completely useless filler page.
Do you need assistance?
ENJOY THE EARLY ’00S NOSTALGIA WAVE
IT MIGHT BE THE LAST REVIVAL
LCD Soundsystem released one of its first
proper singles in nearly seven years: “American
Dream,” a shiny bit of sad-sackness that, like
many of the group’s best tracks, feels both
elegiac and ecstatic. “In the morning, everything’s
clearer/when the sunlight exposes your
age,” sings 47-year-old frontman James
Murphy, as groggy synth-beats and
shooting-star keyboards cascade underneath.
“Dream” is a song about the cruelties of aging—
the way time robs us of our heroes and burdens
us with regrets—and if you’ve been a fan of
LCD Soundsystem since the group’s 2002
“It’s not quite arrested
development, but it is
a remarkably specific
inception, you can likely relate to its theme of
middle-aged malaise. Because, whether like it
or not, you and all your friends are starting to
get at least kinda old.
Article by xxxGAmErLulz69
went multi-platinum, streaming was just
a glitch-ridden daydream, and the phrase
“prestige TV” meant, “Hey, I just saw an ad
for *The Prestige *on TV!” LCD’s return, for
example, took place the same week that
Interpol—once the dapper downers of New
York City’s post-9/11 scene—announced dates
for a tour in celebration of its 2002 debut
album. Shortly after that, a casting notice
appeared for Tina Fey’s forthcoming *Mean
Girls *musical, which will open next year on
Broadway (where it will likely join another
early-’00s-indebted stage effort, School
of Rock). There’s also a forthcoming
James Franco-directed biopic
about The Room, which
was one of two beloved
2003 movies about
a long-haired, gibberish-spouting
other, Pirates of
unveils a new
WHAT ELSE? The return of Gilmore Girls.
Last winter’s Napoleon Dynamite reunion. An
entire book, out this week, about the Strokes,
the Yeah Yeah Yeahs, and their downtown-NYC
peers. (I’ll be reading it in the back room of the
Cherry Tavern all summer.) The ads for
*Baywatch* (a franchise launched in 1989)
being anchored by DMX’s “Where the Hood
At” (a song from 2003). And just last week,
the story of a beloved, Bluth-enterprising
early-’00s network sitcom once again being
revamped by Netflix.
IT’S NOT QUITE arrested development, but it
is a remarkably specific pop-culture
spree, and if you were...
Continued on pg 19
NOT THAT YOU NEEDED another reminder,
as the last few months have seen a sudden,
near-cyclonic amount of early-’00s
revivalism—one that’s especially fixated on the
years between 2000–2006, when albums still
16 17 18
AN INTERVIEW WITH
Interview by Arthur Spatcock
Illustrations by Christine Chandler
Christine Weston Chandler (a.k.a. Chris-
Chan, CWC), formerly known as Christian
Weston Chandler, is a YouTube vlogger and
creator of the webcomic Sonichu. Since
late 2007, Chandler became a trolling
target by Encyclopedia Dramatica, 4chan
and Kiwi Farms who frequently mocked her
artwork and online behavior.
While attending college, Chandler was
expelled for a year after attempting to find
women by posting signs in public places.
Over the course of this expulsion, Chandler
began work on the first issue of Sonichu,
completing it in March of 2005. Although
it had originally focused on the Sonichu and
Rosechu characters, the comic eventually
turned focus toward his life.
ZAP TO THE EXTREME
Arthur: It is my distinct honor to be
talking to you. As you know,
I’m Arthur Spatchcock.It’s a pleasure,
really it is.
Chris: Thank you.
Arthur: I’ve been a long-time fan of
Sonichu. I mean, implacably so.
Arthur: My favorite character,
actually, is Magi-Chan, to be honest.
Chris: Oh, do tell me why?
Arthur: Magi-Chan, it’s because of
his-- you know, he wants to help all
of his friends, and with his ability to
contact them all simultaneously
at the same time, it’s an amazing
ability to have.
Chris: Quite, he is the psychic
type, after all.
Arthur: Right, yes. And I absolutely
love the fact that, you know, he can
plan things accordingly and contact
and get that plan out.
The Medallions (also called “Medals” by
Chris) were a result of Chris’s infatuation
with his original character Sonichu. Due to
the frequency of wearing his medallions in
videos, photos and in public, it has become
one of his more memorable characteristics
along with his trademark striped shirt
"But then also the way my
hair turned out,
after the semipermanent
hair color, kind of makes
me look like Sailor
Nep – Neptune."
Sonichu is the namesake and
intended primary protagonist
He is a combination of Sonic
the Hedgehog and Pikachu.
He goes on adventures and
“zaps to the extreme!”
Rosechu is the second
Pokémon created by
Chris, and the girlfriendturned-wife
Chris: He can also see into the future
a bit as well.
Arthur: How far into the future can he see,
actually? He doesn’t want to ruin
his own future, right?
Chris: Hm. Not enough to, uh... Well, he
knows quite – he can see quite a bit far into
the future, but although there are details
of which you might not be able to see,
a point or two.
Arthur: Right, he wouldn’t want to time-logic
himself, accidentally mess up the future by
trying to affect it.
Arthur: Yes. Also a big fan of Rosechu;
I think every, I think every Sonichu
fan loves Rosechu.
Chris: Thank you.
Arthur: Of course. Now, as I said,
I’m interviewing you because I want to get
some personal information about Sonichu and
a little bit about yourself.
Blake, originally called
(and occasionally Blachu),
was once the archnemesis
Jiggliami is Blanca Weiss’s
“original” character that Chris
claimed after she broke up
with him. It is hinted that she
was Sonichu’s girlfriend while
he was still a regular Pikachu.
Arthur: For example, I cannot
wait to see some more pages of the
latest eleven — great, the Christmas
special was fantastic; loving Kevin
as a character, by the way.
Chris:...Okay, thank you.
Arthur: But uh, are there more coming?
Because I can tell you right now, I know
a few rabid fans, my niece included, who
can’t wait to see some more.
Chris: Yes, uh, yes, more pages will be
coming and are still, are still in the, uh,
works, it just, uh, depends on my mood,
and how I feel in a days, ‘cause...
Arthur: Oh yes, we all get the frumps.
Chris: Nobody’s perfect.
Arthur: Yes, we all get the frumps.
Chris:...Quite. But they’re still – they’re
still in my mind, and in the processes, and
everything. I just take it one moment
at a time and I do what I can when I’m able.
Arthur: Absolutely, you go at your pace,
that’s what I expect. I don’t want
you to rush yourself.
"there will be a part in
a future story where
he — where pretty much
in a dream scenario, he
has to swim in a river
of essentially pickle
Arthur: And as for your medallions and
stuff, I’m still thinking about getting one, but
honestly, I just don’t know where
I could ever wear it.
Chris: Ha! I know: you could always, display
it at the very least.
Arthur: Yes, very true. And your Amiibo
collection is getting quite large, actually.
Chris: ...Well I have a wide variety
of characters, and uh, a few more to come
out, there’s — to expect.
Arthur: Have you considered releasing
a box set at some point, with a special
edition? Maybe — ooh! How about this: a
Christian — a Christine Weston Chandler
ultimate box set, the first edition set, all ten
of the original completed comics, and a medallion
of your choice, for a hundred dollars.
Chris: [minor stress sigh] For a hundred
dollars? Th-that’s, that’s quite, that’s
uh, it’d take more
funds for me to,
more funds than
that for me to be
able to acquire the
Arthur: Oh, well we can worry about those
details in the uh, the process, the manufacturing
aspect. I’m talking about after we
make this stuff BIG, Christine. Not right
now. Once you get some-- once you actually
get some, uh, CLOUT behind Sonichu, you
won’t have to worry about things like funding
Chris:...Well... Uh I’ll just, I’ll just wait and
see how it comes about, and when it comes
about I’ll be able to plan better.
Arthur: Precisely. So, okay, I guess we
should get to the question part. This conversation’s
great, but I don’t want to waste all
of your time, you might — you must be very
busy working on smaller projects as is.
Continued on pg 29
Ipod Nano 3
Review by Donald Bell
Now in its third generation, Apple’s iPod
Nano gets a substantial redesign to
accommodate games and video playback.
Despite its changes--and Apple made many-
-the iPod Nano is still one of the smallest,
thinnest, and most exquisitely designed MP3
players on the market. It’s also one of the
most affordable, with a 4GB (silver) model
offered for $149, and an 8GB (silver, black,
red, green, or blue) model for $199. While the
updated iPod Classic and the new iPod Touch
are equally intriguing, the revamped Nano
delivers the most bang for the buck.
The third-generation iPod Nano offers crisp,
bright video playback, an exceptionally thin
all-metal body, above-average battery life,
built-in games, and an advanced
The redesign of the iPod Nano has drawn
plenty of criticism. Its detractors call it
chubby, squat, and awkward looking. We
certainly had our reservations, but in the
hand, the latest Nano makes the secondgeneration
Nano look like a skyscraper.
The Nano’s most dramatic design change
is, of course, its larger, brighter screen. The
2-inch color screen packs a dense, crisp
320x240 video resolution that looks richer
and brighter than that of any iPod to date.
It’s not often that we deem a
screen smaller than 2.5 inches worthy
of video playback, but with a
The shape may have changed, but Apple’s relentless attention to detail
remains. The third generation of the iPod Nano provides loads of
entertainment for a down-to-earth price.
tightly packed 204 pixels
per inch, the Nano looks
incredibly sharp. Unlike
the Apple iPhone or the
iPod Touch, however, the
Nano’s screen is covered
with a scratch-prone
plastic that will quickly
The third-generation Nano’s piece de resistance
is its support for video playback. Like
the Video iPod (now iPod Classic), the iPod
Nano supports H.264 or MPEG4 video in
either MOV, MP4, or M4V file formats, with
a maximum resolution of 640x480
at as much as 30 frames per second. You can
buy videos through the iTunes online store or
import them into iTunes and convert them
for playback. (Many third-party software
video converters also do a great job converting
videos for the iPod.) Despite its size, the
Nano supports video features we seldom find
on portable video players twice its size.
We’re not crazy about the wider body, the
smaller scroll wheel, the lack of video output,
and the average-sounding audio quality.
Despite the major interface overhaul, the
iPod Nano’s sound quality still sounds just
middle-of-the-road. Although middling
sound quality doesn’t seem to affect iPod
sales, you’d think Apple would eventually
We certainly had our
reservations, but in the
hand, the latest Nano
makes the secondgeneration
Nano look like
address this chink in the
iPod’s armor, if only out of
pride. Users do get more
than 20 equalization presets
to choose from, ranging
from subtle enhancement
to dramatic bass boosting.
Compared to products such
as the Creative Zen V Plus,
the Cowon iAudio 7, or the Toshiba Gigabeat
U, however, the iPod’s sound quality still
leaves room for improvement.
Is it worth upgrading?
Considering that the iPod Classic and the
iPod Nano are now nearly identical aside from
storage capacity and screen size, the Nano is
less a product unto itself and much more like
a “light” version of the iPod Classic.
Hi, I’m Clippy, your office
assistant! You seem to be stupid.
Do you need assistance reading?
Bonsai Kittens was an Internet hoax
website claiming that kittens could
be made into decorative ornaments by
sealing them in glass containers, which
forced their bodies to mold into various
shapes. The site became the subject of
controversy online in 2001 after many
animal rights groups filed complaints for
its removal, while others defended the
existence of the website as a work
of satire protected by free speech.
On December 20th, 2000, a group of
MIT graduate students launched
the website BonsaiKitten under the
alias “Dr. Michael Wong Chang.” The
site featured a how-to guide for making
Bonsai Kitten sculptures and a gallery
of fabricated Bonsai Kitten images.
Blue Waffle is a bait-and-switch type shock image.
Victims are told to search for an image of a blue waffle on
Google’s Image Search, only to be surprised by a close-up
shot of what appears to be a diseased vagina. The original
blue waffle shock site was uploaded in 2008, and
consisted of just a picture of what appears to be a
diseased vagina, with a small description. Eventually, this
was used as a form of bait and switch, baiting people into
searching it on Google images. These mainly came in the
form of images, showing a literal blue waffle, followed by
the text “bet you can’t find me on Google images”.
Short History of
Shock Sites are websites that are designed to offend or startle
the viewer. According to description provided by Wikipedia, such
sites are typically of a “pornographic, scatological, extremely
violent, insulting, painful, profane, or provocative nature.”
A person may be linked to a shock site directly, asked to
view one “as a challenge,” or through Bait and Switch.
“Traditional” shock sites are intended to get an
immediate reaction. Here are some of the Internet’s
most infamous images...
Goatse (site domain: Goatse.cx) is a shock site
featuring an image of a naked man stretching
his anus with both of his hands. One of the most
widespread shock media on the web, the site has
been notoriously used for bait-and-switch pranks
or website vandalisms to provoke reactions of
disgust. Although the original domain was taken
down in 2004, the image continues to circulate
online through mirrored sites. The site was first
launched in 1999 under the domain name Goatse.
cx. According to the Wikipedia entry the earliest
known instance of the shock image was uploaded
circa 1997 as “gap3.jpg” in a set of 40 additional
images compressed into a single zip file named
“Gap.zip.” According to Gawker’s investigative report
published in April 2012, the photo set initially
spread across gay porn communities on Usenet
and was later picked up by The Stiles Project.
Meatspin is a shock site featuring a clip from an adult film set to
the 1985 Dead or Alive song “You Spin Me Round”.
According to BMX Board user ruthlessrobbie, the original clip was
taken from the transsexual adult film TSBitches starring
Cristina Bianchini. The clip was used in a YTMND page titled
“Ridin Spinnaz” created on May 5th, 2004, which featured the
2003 rap song “Ridin Spinnaz” by Three 6 Mafia.
Lemon Party (domain: lemonparty.org) is a shock site displaying an image
of three elderly males in a bed kissing and performing oral sex.
It is commonly used as a bait-and-switch link by trolls in discussion forums
and imageboard communities. The domain name Lemonparty.org was
registered on October 3rd, 2002, according to DomainTools. The entire
site consisted of the pornographic image set to the 1963 doo-wop song
“If You Wanna Be Happy” by Jimmy Soul. As early as November 21st
that same year, the site was updated with a hyperlink to a picture of a cat
which read “omfg crazy! Click here to wash your eyeballs!”
The phrase, “2 Girls 1 Cup,” refers to the trailer for the Brazilian fetish
film Hungry Bitches made by MFX Media in 2007. The extreme
fetishistic nature of the clip as well as the dramatic piano music playing in
the background caused it to go viral in late 2007, with many internet
users posting their own or others’ reactions to seeing the video for the first
time. This phenomenon received significant attention from the media.
As a result, 2girls1cup.com, hosting the most viewed mirror of the trailer,
would become one of the most famous shock sites in internet history.
The name, “2 Girls 1 Cup” has also been subject to parody, exemplified
in shock sites such as 3Guys1Hammer.
42 41 43 42
a Flailing Free Fall Through Pop Culture
“Disaster Movie,” the latest disposable parody
of disposable Hollywood movies, has a shelf
life of about five minutes, tops, which may
be slightly longer than it took to come
up with most of its’ gags.
Scribbled and slapped together by Jason
Friedberg and Aaron Seltzer, this flailing free
fall through recent pop culture begins with
a parody of “10,000 B.C.” featuring “Amy
Winehouse” as a saber-toothed tiger who
pulls a crystal skull from her beehive hairdo.
It winds up with “Kung Fu Panda” (dude in
a furry suit) and “Beowulf” (naked dude who
keeps yelling, “I am Beowulf!”) running amok
through “Night at the Museum.”
and gastrointestinal dysfunction. And there
is a “Juno” figure who says things like “That is
so LL Not Cool J.”
Do you get it, Home Skillet? “Disaster
Movie” does little more than congratulate its
audience on recognizing the source of its riffs.
“High School Musical” — ha ha ha! But it does
manage a moment or two of chuckleworthy
dementia: in one scene Alvin and the
Chipmunk puppets appear out of nowhere for
a heavy-metal number under the influence
of rabies, then settle on Juno to feast on
her spine. “Disaster Movie” is rated PG-13
(Parents strongly cautioned).
OI, Youze got a loiscence fer dat?
How will the EU’s new copyright laws
change the way memes are born?
Take a look at Russia’s troll empire
Very Currency, Much Boom
Where is Dogecoin now?
Making of a Mass Shooter
Does the internet weaponize radicals?
...And Much More!
Photography by Deez Nutz
Along the way, jokes fly on movies no one
cared about the first time around (“Jumper,”
“Speed Racer”), obvious celebrity targets
(Michael Jackson, Sarah Jessica Parker)
Hi, I’m Clippy, your office
assistant! What the fuck did you
just fucking say about me, you
little bitch? I’ll have you know I
graduated top of my class in the
Navy Seals, and I’ve been in-
For Educational Purposes Only