The Light April 2020 04

English monthly magazine of the Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat Islam of Lahore. Presenting Islam as preached by the Holy Prophet Muhammad - peaceful, tolerant, inclusive, respectful to all

English monthly magazine of the Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat Islam of Lahore. Presenting Islam as preached by the Holy Prophet Muhammad - peaceful, tolerant, inclusive, respectful to all


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س ی ْ ِ الرَّح



س ‏ْب سِ‏ اہللس الرَّْحْ‏ ٰ

I Shall Love All Mankind.

The Light

International Organ of the Centre for the Worldwide Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat Islam


The Holy Prophet Muhammad (s) is the Last Prophet. After him, no prophet, old or new, can ever come.

The Holy Quran is complete, and no verses are missing from it.

The Holy Quran is perfect and none of its verses are abrogated.

Webcasting on the world’s first real-time Islamic service at


Editor in Chief


Dr Zahid Aziz

Managing Editor Mr Shahid Aziz


South Africa


Dr Robbert Bipat

Mr Ebrahim Mohamed

Mrs Zainab Ahmad

Mrs Faryal Abdoelbasier


The Call of the Messiah 2

Noah by Omar Raja 2

Forgiveness by Iain Dixon 7

Buddhah's Prophecy by Dr Zahid Aziz 9

Conquest of Europe NOW by The Clarion

Project 11

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2. English www.virtualmosque.co.uk

‣ Friday Sermon 13:00

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he shall not have worldly kingship

and rule, nor would he fight or shed

blood or have an army, but that he

would re-establish faith in the hearts

by spirituality and power of the

heart, as is the hadith ‘There is no

Mahdi except Jesus’ recorded in the

Hadith book of Ibn Maja. ... This hadith

means that no Mahdi shall come

except the man who shall come with

the temperament and disposition of

Jesus, i.e., he shall be the Promised

Messiah as well as the Mahdi- Hazrat

Mirza Gulam of Qadian.

April 2020 The

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The Call of the


by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam


The Promised Messiah and Mahdi

(Editor’s note: Any quotations from the Quran

are translated from the author’s explanations

and are not literal translations of the verse

quoted. This extract is from the book Nuzul-ul-

Masih, taken from the Lahore Ahmadiyya publication

‘Essence of Islam’, p. 131 - 133, where the

Promised Messiah puts forward arguments and

signs about his claim.)

The followers of earlier religions have fallen

into the mistake of thinking that their scripture

is sufficient, and that they have no need of the

Quran. The answer to such assertions is that the

object with which the Word of God comes to humans,

is the bringing about of certainty. Almighty

God reveals His word to people, so that

they may believe in His existence and attributes

and know the ways of His pleasure from the

ways which He disapproves of, so that with the

blessing of certainty, their faith in God may be

perfect and they may avoid every path of wickedness

and transgression and walk in the paths

of righteousness. But when the days are over

during which a prophet of God lives upon Earth

and the word of God revealed to him gradually

loses its force and attraction and becomes a

story of the past, it fails to fulfill the object with

which it was revealed, and the hearts of humans

are devoid of the certainty which it brought at


Look at all the Jews who have the books of

the prophets in their hands and, as against their

teachings, deceit in their hearts. How many are

there among Christians who, being smitten on

the right cheek, turn the other cheek, and to him

who takes away their coat, give the cloak also,

and refrain their eyes from looking lustfully, and

do not judge other people, and have not

crooked, deceitful and greedy hearts? Such people

are rarely found.

In short, as you stand in need of fresh meals

every new morning, you require fresh revelation

to renew your faith. When the light of faith,

which is certainty, begins to diminish with the

lapse of time, people recite the Word of God, but

the recital does not extend beyond their lips.

The word of God remains far from them, and

does not even touch them, and therefore, they

cannot be affected with its good influence. It is

as if the word is taken away from among them

and, leaving but dead bones in their hands, it

rises to heaven. Then a new magnetiser is created

and the word of God draws him to itself

and with the strength of the word, he is granted

a certainty. The knowledge which had risen to

heaven is brought back by him to earth.

This is the Divine Law according to which

certainty is generated afresh in the hearts by

the fresh word of God. (Return to contents)


The moral and spiritual significance of

Noah’s prophetic history and his embarkment

on the Ark as related in the

Bible and Quran.

By Omar Raja

Proponent of the Lahore

Ahmadiyya Movement in


Prophet Noah is recognized as a prophet

and messenger of God in Judaism, Christianity

and Islam, as evidenced by the teachings of the

Quran and Bible with respect to his person.

However, a marked difference between the

Quran and Bible is that the latter does not cast

full light on the moral value to be garnered from

the life histories of Biblical prophets, including

the Prophet Noah. As noted by renowned author,

Maulana Muhammad Ali, in his brief yet

valuable treatise, History of the Prophets, the

Quran provides a far greater moral context and

preserves the righteousness of their character:

“It will be found that wherever previous

record has cast a slur on the character of a

I Shall Love All Mankind.

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prophet, the Holy Quran has invariably vindicated

it. The Holy Book has further brought out

facts which enhance the moral value of these

narratives and removed defects and contradictions

which have found way into sacred history

due to manipulation of facts or carelessness in

recording them. This affords the clearest evidence

that Divine Inspiration and not any previous

record or tradition was the source from

which the Prophet obtained information. By doing

away with the profanity of sacred history,

the Holy Quran has rendered immense service

to the Bible itself. This is in accordance with its

claim.” (Preface, p. 4).

Indeed, the Quran has affirmed the truth

and prophethood of many Biblical personages

while also relating many inspiring incidents in

their lives but without the error of misinformation.

Also, the Quran’s objective in relating

these events is to show they all delivered the

message of Unity of God, a message of doing

good to one’s fellow man, a message that called

for moral reformation and betterment of the

people to whom they were sent, a message that

the truth would ultimately prevail, even in the

face of heavy opposition, and that those that opposed

and persecuted the Prophet Muhammad,

even at the very height of their power, would

not prevail.

The following discussion will focus on the

details of Noah’s prophetic history, revealed to

the Prophet Muhammad during the early Makkan

period when he and his companions were

few and facing heavy opposition; a history

which in fact served as a great reminder and

comfort to them that the good end would be for

the dutiful.

Righteousness of Prophet Noah and

Marked Differences Between Biblical

and Quranic Narratives

I Shall Love All Mankind.

In the Quran Prophet Noah is revered as one

whom was blessed (11:25) and guided by Allah

to attain prophethood (57:26). Prophet Noah

was a “plain warner” (11:25), a “faithful messenger”

and a “messenger from the Lord of the

worlds” (7:61), and also referred to as a “believing

servant,” (37:81) a “righteous servant,”

(66:10) and a “grateful servant” (17:3) of

his Lord. The Bible too speaks of his righteousness,

referring to Prophet Noah as one whom

was favored by God and describing him as “a

righteous man, blameless among the people of

his time, and he walked faithfully with God”

(Genesis 6:9). Further, both the Quran and Bible

speak of the culminating event of God’s command

to Prophet Noah to build an ark before the

onset of the great flood.

This is where the similarities end. The Bible

is silent about Prophet Noah’s preaching, the

opposition he met with, and the chance for his

opposition to reform and avert Divine punishment.

Prophet Noah’s prayers for deliverance

and his answers to his prayers are also not mentioned

in the Biblical narrative. Instead, the Bible

states that man had to be punished outright

because they had lost their way and fell to corruption

on a grand scale:

The Lord saw how great the wickedness of

the human race had become on the earth, and

that every inclination of the thoughts of the human

heart was only evil all the time. The Lord

regretted that he had made human beings on

the earth, and his heart was deeply troubled. So

the Lord said, I will wipe from the face of the

earth the human race I have created—and with

them the animals, the birds and the creatures

that move along the ground—for I regret that I

have made them.” (Genesis 6:5-7).

This is problematic because the Bible leads

one to believe that the flood, depicted in the

story of Genesis as worldwide, was premised on

God’s regret of having created humans in the

first place. This characterization thus presupposes

the notion that the entire earth was to be

flooded because all of mankind had come under

God’s wrath with the exception of Prophet Noah

and his family. The Biblical account also ends by

attributing an act of indecency and drunkenness

to Prophet Noah (God forbid), thereby

making the account lose all sense of morality.

Prophet Noah’s Preaching

In the Quranic account, Prophet Noah is

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shown to be “calling upon his people night and

day” (71:5) and offering nothing but “good advice”

(7:62) in hopes of bringing about a muchneeded

reformation in his people. He says:

“My people, serve Allah, you have no God

other than Him. Will you not guard against

evil?” (23:23).

Alluding to the story of Prophet Noah and

his preaching, the Prophet Muhammad addressed

his opponents, the Quraish, in the following


“What is the matter with you that you do not

hope for greatness from Allah?” (Quran 71:13).

Noah, as all other Prophets, conveyed the

message that in order to win favor with God, it

was necessary to submit entirely to the One and

only God, to act justly towards others, and guard

against all wrongdoing as this was the sure path

to achieving moral greatness.

Opposition faced by Prophet Noah

Prophet Noah’s preaching, however, was

met with severe opposition. The Quran describes

his opponents as a transgressing people

who were big with pride and exceeded the limits.

They argued that they could not possibly accept

a man who had a following that was comprised

of the weak and those whom they regarded

as inferior to them. With disdain, they

addressed Noah:

“Shall we believe in you when the lowest

(people) follow you?” (26:111).

“We do not see you but (as) a mortal like us,

nor do we see that any follow you but those who

are the lowest of us at first thought. Nor do we

see in you any superiority over us; no, we think

you to be liars” (11:27).

The opponents of the Prophet Muhammad

too rejected him on account of him not possessing

high rank and wealth, putting forth the


of importance in the two towns?” (43:31).

To them he could not possibly be a “man of

importance” when he was preaching against

those who were consumed in the love of power

and wealth. In their eyes, importance was only

attached to the rich and powerful; moral greatness

meant little or nothing. And so the opponents

of Prophet Noah did not take heed of his

warning and cared not for reforming their ways.

They even called for Divine chastisement to befall

on themselves if Prophet Noah was truly

among the truthful:

“Noah… bring upon us what you threaten us

with, if you are truthful” (11:32).

At last, the fierce opposition he was met

with was even bent on taking his life and devised

plans to do so:

“And they have planned a mighty plan”


“If you do not give up, Noah, you will certainly

be stoned to death” (26:116).

Prayers of Prophet Noah

In face of this bitter persecution, Prophet

Noah supplicated:

“I am overcome, so do Thou help (54:10),

“My Lord, help me against their calling me a

liar” (23:26), and

“… judge between me and them openly, and deliver

me and the believers who are with me”


He had also prayed:

“My Lord, forgive (igh-fir) me and my parents

and him who enters my house believing,

and the believing men and the believing

women. And increase not the wrongdoers in

aught but destruction!” (71:28).

“Why was not this Quran revealed to a man

I Shall Love All Mankind.

Here, the word “forgive,” with respect to the

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prayer of Noah for himself and the believers, in

its wider significance denotes divine protection

against the commission of sins and a path toward

spiritual progression. In this connection,

Maulana Muhammad Ali writes:

“Istighfar or the prayer for protection

(ghafr) is in fact a prayer for divine help in the

advancement to higher and higher stages of

spiritual perfection.” (The Religion of Islam, p.


significance and mere blood relationship with

Prophet Noah counted for nothing in the sight

of God. Ultimately, it was the wrongdoers who

were rendered the lowest of the low. Further, it

was not the ark in and of itself that would save

his followers; it was their unwavering, deeprooted

faith and trust in the Almighty God that

He would safeguard the ship and allow it to sail

safely to its final destination. And so those that

stood firm for the cause of the Truth embarked

on the ark and prayed:

Building of the Ark

God heard the prayers of Prophet Noah and

instructed him to build an ark.

“And Noah certainly called upon Us, and excellent

Answerer of prayers are We!” (37:75).

“Make the ark under Our eyes and according

to Our revelation… take into it two of all

things, a pair, and your own people” (11:37).

The Good End for the Doers of Good

and Dutiful

The Bible states the entire household of

Noah embarked on the ark:

“Go into the ark, you and all your household,

for I have seen that you are righteous before me

in this generation” (Genesis 7:1).

“Go forth from the ark, you and your wife,

and your sons and your sons’ wives with you”

(Genesis 8:16).

According to the Quran, however, not everyone

that was a part of Prophet Noah’s household

embarked on the ark and found deliverance

before the arrival of the great deluge.

Prophet Noah’s own son refused and perished.

The wrongdoers, including his son, brought

ruin upon themselves as a result of their own

increasing misdeeds. When Noah cried out, “My

Lord, surely my son is of my family,” God said in

turn, “O Noah, he is not of your family; he is (an

embodiment of) unrighteous conduct” (11:46).

This house thus had a moral and spiritual

I Shall Love All Mankind.

“In the name of Allah be its sailing and its

anchoring. Surely my Lord is Forgiving, Merciful”


“Praise be to Allah, Who delivered us from the

unjust people! And say: My Lord, cause me to

land a blessed landing and You are the Best of

those who bring to land” (23:28–29).

The details of the history of Prophet Noah

with regard to his preaching, the opposition he

met with, his deliverance, the ultimate fate of

the wrongdoers was revealed to the Prophet

Muhammad at a time when he and his own followers

in Makkah were facing intense persecution,

at a time when they were weak and

thought to be of little importance. But the Almighty

God comforted and assured them that as

was the case of Prophet Noah and his people, in

their case too, the good end would be for the

steadfast and dutiful. The doers of good would

prevail. In this connection, the Quran says:

“And We bore him on that which was made

of planks and nails, floating on, before Our eyes

— a reward for him who was denied. And certainly

We left it as a sign, but is there any that

will mind?” (54:13-15).

These are announcements relating to the

unseen which We reveal to you (O Muhammad);

you did not know them — (neither) you nor

your people — before this. So be patient. Surely

the (good) end is for the dutiful.” (11:49).

“But they rejected him, so We delivered him

and those with him in the ark, and We made

them rulers and drowned those who rejected

Our messages. See, then, what was the end of

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those who were warned.” (10:73).

“And We delivered him and his people from

the great distress; And made his offspring the

survivors and left for him (praise) among the

later generations, Peace be to Noah among the

nations! Thus, indeed do We reward the doers

of good” (37:76-80).

So, the life histories of the previous prophets

contained a prophetic allusion to the

Prophet Muhammad’s life and ultimate success

even at a time of utter helplessness and great

despair. Indeed, in the story of Prophet Noah lay

a great message of comfort and hope for the

persecuted that stood firm in the face of all opposition

and acted aright. Additionally, there

was a message of hope for greatness and for becoming

rulers of a great nation, but only by first

making themselves morally and spiritually

great by acting on the Divine guidance in its true

letter and spirit. And certainly, none of this

could have been achieved without the mercy,

love and grace of the Almighty God, the Most

Merciful, Gracious, Loving, High and Great.

The Spiritual Ark of Today

In today’s time, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad,

Founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement in

Islam, who was raised by God as the great Mujaddid

(Divine Reformer), inspired saint and

spiritual khalifa of the Prophet Muhammad, has

extended an invitation to all to enter into his

spiritual house or community, which he has

been likened to Noah’s Ark.

In his book, Fath-i Islam (Victory of Islam),

he writes that at the time of the founding this

Movement, God informed him saying:

There is a storm of misguidance raging on

the earth, so build this ark at the time of this deluge.

Whoever enters this ark will be saved from

drowning, but he who denies will perish.”

As he came to rekindle the light of Islam,

show man the ways of the love of God and revive

the true spirit of the faith in the hearts of people,

those who embark in this spiritual ark,

firmly pledge to pursue a path of moral and

I Shall Love All Mankind.

spiritual greatness. In his book, Kishti-Nuh (Ark

of Noah), Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad explains

that God who is our paradise and our greatest

treasure makes apparent His extraordinary

power and greatness to us only when we pursue

the difficult path of reforming ourselves for the

better, heart and soul, in extraordinary ways,

even in the face of stormy opposition. This

reformation and purification of the soul requires

us to make God a reality in our lives, to

pray with full conviction, concentration and sincerity

of heart and heartfelt humility of spirit.

We must also control our lower base desires

and inculcate within ourselves all the best qualities,

including those of forgiveness, patience,

perseverance, truthfulness, and humility. And

even in times of distress and tribulation, he explains

that we must continue to tread upon this

noble path and work for the good of mankind

and never oppress anyone, for that is the path

that leads to success.

Further, he writes that the Quran is to be

honored and given precedence over everything,

and not treated as something forsaken; otherwise

certain traditions and reports in the hadith

are liable to being interpreted in a manner that

goes against the true spirit and teachings of Islam

and the practice of the Prophet Muhammad:

the popular notion, for example, that the

Promised Messiah and Mahdi would come to

forcefully impose Islam on others only brings

disgrace to our religion and runs contrary to

teachings of the Quran. In another book,

Haqiqat-ul-Mahdi, he has explained, that the

Mahdi who is the Promised Messiah would

spread the message of Islam, never by means of

war, but by way of example and good morals. He


“…he shall not have worldly kingship and

rule, nor would he fight or shed blood or have

an army, but that he would re-establish faith in

the hearts by spirituality and power of the

heart, as is the hadith ‘There is no Mahdi except

Jesus’ recorded in the Hadith book of Ibn Maja.

... This hadith means that no Mahdi shall come

except the man who shall come with the temperament

and disposition of Jesus, i.e., he shall

be the Promised Messiah as well as the Mahdi.

He shall come with the temperament of Jesus,

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following his technique of teaching, i.e., he shall

not return evil for evil, nor shall he fight; rather,

he shall spread guidance by means of a pure example

and heavenly signs. ... His teaching shall

be, do not fight for the faith, but spread it by

means of the light of truth, and the miracles of

good morals and Divine nearness. I say truly

that he who now fights for the religion ... he disobeys

God and His Prophet, and goes outside

the instructions, limits and duties set by them. I

wish to inform our benevolent government that

the Promised Messiah who has received guidance

from God, and who follows the path of Jesus,

is myself.” (Haqiqat al-Mahdi, pages i – iii,

quotation taken from The Ahmadiyya Case).

As such, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the

particular Mujaddid of the Age that fulfills the

prophecies relating to Mahdi and Messiah, came

at a critical time to revive key principles of Islam

that had become neglected over time by Muslims;

the neglect of which had lent the faith to a

great deal of misunderstanding and misrepresentation

and damage to the prestige of Islam in

the world. In painting the true beautiful picture

of Islam, by way of example and literary means,

he would captivate hearts and minds, and plant

the spiritually life-giving seeds to set in motion

a moral and spiritual revolution in the world.

Those who continue this most important work,

even in the face of heavy opposition, will help

bring about the much-needed Islamic renaissance

in the world.

In conclusion, the Quran provides us with a

brief history of Prophet Noah, replete with

moral and spiritual lessons, that is left wanting

in the Biblical narrative. The physical ark of

Prophet Noah alone did not save him and his

true followers; it was their complete trust and

reliance in the Unseen God that He would sail

them to a place of refuge amidst the onset of a

great deluge; moreover, they acted upon Prophet

Noah’s teachings and endeavored to

achieve moral and spiritual greatness; an endeavor

which would carry them forward

through every trial and tribulation that came

their way. Similarly, in this age, the true followers

of Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, who have

taken the ba’iat (pledge) and sincerely pledged

heart and soul to act upon the true letter and

I Shall Love All Mankind.

spirit of Islamic teachings and thereby render

practical service to God and humanity, find

themselves in his spiritual ark. And today, it is

the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam,

which keeps afloat the true principled teachings

of Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and continues

his great mission of reform work and in presenting

to the world a true picture of the peaceful,

tolerant, liberal, rational, non-sectarian,

heart-inspiring Islam; the Islam of the Quran

and the teachings of which are exemplified in

the life example of the Prophet Muhammad.

This heavenly ship is essentially the ship of

Islam that leads to renewed spiritual life and

the grand ‘home of the hereafter’ (Quran

29:64). (Return to contents)

Forgiveness (Part 3)

By Iain Dixon

“When you see the blood

... your life will never be the


A couple of years ago I was invited to look

around a Shia mosque, and had a very kind lady

give me a one-to-one ‘mini-tour’ of the facilities.

It was very different from any mosque I had

seen before. Inside it had mini replicas of holy

shrines, and there were banners written in Arabic,

and beautiful wall tapestries. What I found

very interesting though (and what really stuck

in my mind), was when she placed a small, flat,

clay stone in my hand. Apparently, it is called a

‘turbah.’ She explained that Shia Muslims place

their foreheads on the stone when they prostrate

in prayer. She then went on to explain

about the vicious martyrdom of Imam Hussain

in Karbala, Iraq. During the month of Muharram

(when Imam Hussain was martyred), she explained

that in modern times it has been known

for turbahs to spontaneously begin to bleed,

with blood trickling out. Whether or not that really

happens, I cannot comment. But what really

struck me, was what she said next - “When you

see the blood ... your life will never be the same.”

When You See the Blood

I remember when I was at college two students

were laughing and joking about how

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drunk they were going to get that Friday night.

It was the weekend, and they were going to get

“blind drunk”. My Maths teacher overheard

what they said and rebuked them. She said:

“You don’t know what you are talking about. Do

not laugh about drunkenness. In one moment, I

lost my uncle, my aunt, and my two cousins;

killed in a car crash because a drunk driver

smashed head on into the car they were travelling

in. People like you killed my family.” They

were stunned. They were shocked. They were

apologetic. They were changed.

“When you see the blood ... your life will

never be the same.”

The Horror of War

Back in the late 80’s I remember meeting an

ex-soldier who served in Northern Ireland. He

told me about the horrors of serving there, and

how some of his fellow soldiers and friends had

their limbs blown off in front of his eyes, and

how one close friend had half his face shot away

whilst they were travelling in the same people

carrier. Seeing violence like that, gave him recurring

nightmares. When he saw the blood, his

life was never the same.


Poet and writer George MacDonald said:

“Only good where evil was, is evil dead ... that

alone is the slaying of evil.” Unforgiveness is a

plague sweeping through this earth. It causes

hate and destruction. It causes wars. It wrecks

families and marriages. It wrecks churches and

jamaats. It can also destroy a person’s mind and

body. Unforgiveness is an evil within each one

of us that needs to be slain. It must be slain! Only

the goodness of forgiveness will slay the evil of


letting go. The pain will destroy us. We need to

let the poker drop. We need to learn forgiveness.

Will you learn forgiveness?

The Beauty of Islam Ahmadiyya

Although not believing that Jesus died on

the cross, the Lahore Ahmadiyya movement

bravely announces that Jesus was truly nailed to

the cross. A hideous torture and punishment. A

pain beyond words. This Jesus who was

whipped and scourged and crowned with a

crown of thorns ... thorns that cut and pierced.

This Jesus who was spat upon ... mocked ... ridiculed.

This Jesus who was nailed to a cross and

lifted up ... lifted up with blood streaming from

the wounds in his hands and feet. This Jesus

who lived for Allah, lived to please him... lived to

serve others ... lived to bring love into the world.

This Jesus was hammered to the cross. This Jesus

was covered with blood, blood that dripped

like red tears from heaven, blood that spoke of

mankind’s hatred - blood that spoke of mankind’s

rebellion against Allah’s holy Law. Blood

that was shed because of mankind’s dishonour

towards Allah’s servant. “He is despised and rejected

of men; a man of sorrows and acquainted

with grief......he was despised and we esteemed

him not.”- Isaiah 53:3

When You See the Blood

With all that hatred that people were showing

towards Jesus, what was his reaction? Did he

curse them? Did he call out for justice to be

done? Did he order a legion of angels to destroy

them? No. We read: “Then said Jesus, “Father,

forgive them, for they know not what they do.”-

Luke 23:34

“When you see the blood ... your life will

never be the same.”

When I was a teenager, I lived in a small cottage.

We had no central heating, only two coal

fires. I used to love leaving the poker in the fire

until it glowed red-hot. I would then take the

hot poker and burn patterns on the logs which

we had stored nearby. In many ways, harbouring

unforgiveness is like taking a red-hot poker

in our hand and holding the hot part without

I Shall Love All Mankind.

Can you forgive? Will you learn from Jesus?

Only good where evil was, is evil dead ... that

alone is the slaying of evil. Look at the blood of

Jesus. Learn from his example. Plead to Allah for

a forgiving heart. Do not destroy yourself. Do

not destroy others. Let the red-hot poker fall to

the ground.

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“Christ suffered for us, leaving an example

that we should follow his steps......when he was

reviled, he reviled not again; when he suffered,

he threatened not.”- 1 Peter 2: 21, 23

When you see His blood ... you will never be

the same. Concluded (Return to contents)

Mughal general in 16th

century writes about

encountering Buddha’s

prophecy in Tibet

By Zahid Aziz

Writing in the Lahore Ahmadiyya English weekly

The Light in 1944, Dr Nazirul Islam, M.A., Ph.D., 1

begins an article as follows:

“Here is another useful addition of a reference

to Maulana Abdul Haq Vidyarthi’s

book ‘Muhammad in World Scriptures’.

I am editing now-a-days a well

known work ‘Rashidī’ — a history of the

Mughals of Central Asia, written by

Mirza Haider (b. 905 A.H., d. 958 A.H.) —

a cousin of Emperor Baber. Mirza Haider

conquered Kashmir in 948 A.H. (1541

A.D.) and ruled this country for about

ten years. It was during this time (951

A.H.) that he wrote his book ‘Tarikh-i-


In 938 A.H. when Mirza Haider was in

the service of Sultan Sa‛id of Kāshghar he

led an expedition under the orders of

Sultan Sa‛id against Tibet. Mirza Haider

invaded that country and invited the inhabitants

to accept Islam. In his history

Mirza Haider relates an interesting story

about the religious beliefs of the ‛Ulamās

of Tibet at that time.”

In the rest of his article he quotes from Mirza

Haider’s book on what the Buddhist religious

leaders told him about their religion and that

Buddha had prophesied the appearance of the

Last Prophet, coming after a large number of

prophets, who would be an orphan. He also

shows some of the quotation in the original Persian


Having read this article, I traced a complete

English translation of Tarikh-i Rashidi, published

in 1895. The translation was done by the orientalist

and linguist Denison Ross (d. 1940) at the

suggestion of the explorer, geographer and diplomat,

Ney Elias (d. 1897) who then edited Ross’

translation and added a commentary. (In 2009 it

was re-issued as an e-book by Karakoram Books

of Srinagar, Kashmir, to which the editor, Mohammed

Murad Butt, has added many images of

miniature paintings relating to the places and

scenes mentioned by the author.)

The extract in The Light is from chapter XCI

(91), Tibet and the customs of its people, in which

Mirza Haider relates his talks with the religious

leaders of Tibet through an interpreter. He notes

that on the finer points of religion the interpreter

was at a loss to understand and could not explain.

However, Mirza Haider was able to discover

their “tenets and rites”, and he sets them

out in this chapter. Towards the end of his description

of their faith, he writes as follows.

(Please note that in the extract below Buddha is

called Shakyamuni. That was his name. Buddha

was the title he acquired after his enlightenment.)

“Such are the tenets of the religion of

Shaká Muni. All Khitái is of this faith, and

they call it the religion of “Shakiá Muni”;

while in Tibet it is called “Shaká Tu Bá,”

and “Shaká Muni.” In histories it is written

“Shaká Muni.” In some histories,

Shaká Muni is reckoned among the

prophets of India, and some hold that he

was a teacher [hakim]. Also, it is maintained

that no one goes to Heaven by the

mere acceptance of the faith and religion,

but only in consequence of his

works. If a Musulmán performs good

acts, he goes to Heaven; if he do evil, he

goes to Hell. This also applies to [these]

1 Dr Nazirul Islam worked in the Department of

Education in Kashmir. While doing his Ph.D. in

Germany he briefly served in 1939 as Assistant

I Shall Love All Mankind.

Imam of the Berlin Mosque of the Lahore Ahmadiyya

Movement. In the late 1970s, after retirement,

he served as Imam of the Lahore Ahmadiyya

branch in the UK.

April 2020 The

Light 10

infidels. They hold the Prophet in high

esteem, but they do not consider it the

incumbent duty of the whole of mankind

to be of his religion. They say:

“Your religion is true, and so is ours. In

every religion one must conduct oneself

well. Shaká Muni has said: After

me there will arise 124,000 prophets,

the last of whom will be called Jána

Kasapa, an orphan, without father or

mother. All the world will comprehend

his religion. When he is sent, it will be

necessary for the whole world to submit

to him, and blessed will he be who

hastens to adopt his faith. I bequeath

my own religion in order that it may be

handed down from generation to generation

until the blessed time of his appearance.

The semblance of this

prophet will be in this wise”

— and therewith he gave an image

which the people were to remember, for

in this form the prophet would appear.

People should believe in him before all

other men.

At the present time, the chief idol (which

they place in the entrance of all the Idol

Temples) besides all their fables, have

reference to him. This idol is the figure

of Jána Kasapa. And they attribute most

of those qualities to Jána Kasapa, which

apply to our Prophet. I observed to

them: “What Shaká Muni said refers to

our Prophet.” They replied: “Shaká Muni

said he would come after 124,000

prophets, and after him would come no

other prophet. Now of those 124,000,

but few have appeared as yet.” I insisted

earnestly that they had all appeared, but

they would not admit it, and so remained

in their error.” 2

Comments on the above quotation

It appears from the statement at the beginning,

“In some histories, Shaká Muni is reckoned

among the prophets of India…” that Muslims

even earlier than when this book was written

around 1540 C.E. had recognized that prophets

had appeared in India and Buddha was among


The appearance of a total of 124,000 prophets

is mentioned in Hadith by the Holy Prophet

Muhammad. It may, however, be noted that the

renowned 18th century theologian Shah Waliullah

of Delhi writes that this number refers not

only to prophets but includes Divinely-inspired

saints as well, such a one being known as a muhaddath.

Buddhist literature mentions the appearance

of a large number of Buddhas before

the Gautama Buddha, this number greatly varying

and going up even to millions. The belief of

these Buddhists of Tibet about 124,000 prophets

would be consistent with this, and the occurrence

of the same number in Islamic and Buddhist

tradition would be evidence of both religions

being revealed by God.

As to their statement that these prophets

would arise after Buddha, this may have been

miscommunicated by the interpreter who, as

Mirza Haidar has indicated, “was at a loss to understand

and could not explain” certain religious

points. The name given by them of the last

prophet, Jána Kasapa, is similar to that of the

Buddha who preceded the Gautama. Again, this

may be due to the same miscommunication that

the Coming Prophet has been confused with


In any case, Mirza Haidar recording this exchange

does show that Muslims, many centuries

ago, realized that Buddha was a prophet

like the prophets that appeared in various lands

according to the teachings of Islam, and that he

prophesied the coming of the Holy Prophet Muhammad.

More of life of the Buddha

Mahatma Buddha, the eminent teacher and

preacher of morals, otherwise known as the

Light of Asia”, which dispelled all darkness of

ignorance and cured spiritual ills from the surface

of India, was born in the town Kapilavastu

in Nepal about 2,400 years ago. According to the

2 See p. 415–416 of the 1895 edition.

I Shall Love All Mankind.

April 2020 The

Light 11

Buddhist creed he was the last of a galaxy of religious

reformers, as many preachers had

emerged on particular occasions before him.

His father Suddhodana of the Shakya dynasty

was king, and his mother’s name was Maya

Devi. His genealogy reached back to the famous

Kshatriya Rishi Gautama, hence Buddha was

called Shakyamuni Gautama or Shakya Singha.

Buddha is a Sanskrit word and it means

aroused one, awakened, intelligent, clever, wise,

enlightened, etc., or it connotes a perfect man

who has attained the knowledge of truth and

righteousness and one having come out of

worldly darkness into light. In fact, the origin of

this word is the Arabic word ba‛atha, meaning

he roused him, excited him, or put him in motion

or action. Ba‛ith-un and ba‛th-un mean a man

whose anxieties or griefs awake him from sleep.

The Holy Quran says about the Holy Prophet


“He it is Who raised (ba‛atha) among the illiterates

a Messenger from among themselves,

who recites to them His messages and purifies

them, and teaches them the Book and the Wisdom

— although they were before certainly in

manifest error.” — 62:2

According to Buddhist terminology, it is not

a name but a title which is vouchsafed to one

who has come out of darkness into light and

who calls others out of this abyss. There have

been Buddhas even before Shakyamuni Gautama

and there exists the prophecy of the advent

of a Buddha after him. So the first similarity

of the Prophet Muhammad to the Buddha is

in his title and in his mission. In the verse

quoted above, the Prophet Muhammad is spoken

of as having been “raised” (ba‛atha) or

awakened to life. (Return to contents)

French President Emmanuel Macron is taking heat

after a woman wearing a full-face veil (niqab) approached

him ahead of a speech announcing new

measures to fight Islamic “separatism” in France.

France was the first European country to ban the wearing

of niqabs in public (Photo: SEBASTIEN BO-

ZON/POOL/AFP via Getty Images)

An Islamic scholar and grand imam in Egypt

was demoted from his senior status and banned

from giving lectures or Friday sermons for daring

to question the legitimacy of the concept of

Islamic conquest.

As reported by The Arab Weekly, Nashaat

Zarraa contends that Islam does not call for attacking

others because of their differing religious

beliefs and that the Quran sanctions religious


Zarraa pointed to the consequence of promoting

the concept of Islamic conquest:

The risk with sanctifying Islamic conquests

in such an absolute way is implicitly condoning

the approach by that terrorist organisations

that use conquests as justification for jihad

against all those who disagree with them in

thought and belief, despite the fact that Islam

restricts jihad to self-defense and does not justify

the use of intimidation, killing and enslaving

women to spread the faith.”

Today’s Islamic Conquest of

the West


This article was originally published by Clarion

Project.org and reprinted with permission.

I Shall Love All Mankind.

“When [the Islamic State] ISIS entered Syria

and Iraq, it applied the same approach about

the history of Islamic conquests,” Zarraa added.

“Some jurisprudence books say that, when an

imam conquers a country, he has the right to kill

the men and capture the women.

The extremists’ claims cannot therefore be

rejected without first critiquing and revising

April 2020 The

Light 12

the heritage associated with the conquests and

debunking the fallacies surrounding them that

have been used against humanity.”

For bringing up this issue, Zarraa was subject

to a “vicious campaign” by scholars at al-

Azhar, an institution considered to be the

worldwide authority of Sunni Islam.

Yet, Zarraa’s point opens a huge question:

Outside of al-Azhar, are Muslims – or non-Muslims

— even allowed to bring up this issue in

our day and age?

Hundreds of years ago, brutal conquest was

a way of life in the world. From the Byzantines

to the Romans, the Crusaders and the Mongols,

invasions were how ruling empires dealt with

each other.

In tribal societies like Arabia where Islam

was born, barbaric tribesmen would draw a

sword and kill if a camel from one village

crossed over to another. It was the way things

were done.

We can’t change history, but we can certainly

learn from it. And theoretically we have:

Today, any kind of war of conquest is seen as

brutal and barbaric.

Yet, what Muslims have done over a period

of 1,400 years is still glorified in their history

books and sermons — even their most heinous

crimes. No criticism is allowed.

If you look at school history books in most

Muslim-majority societies, they abound with tales

of conquests, invasions and subjugation. So

much so that they have given these conquests a

“religious flavor” by calling them “Muslim conquests,”

when in fact they were conquests by

power-hungry warriors.

The spread of Islam was a by-product of

these conquests. But giving it an Islamic designation

conveniently rules out any critique.

Where does this place us? How will history

judge the newest wave of conquests – namely,

immigration and the total inability of the West

to deal with political Islam.

While most people don’t perceive immigration

as a conquest, if we look closely at what has

happened in Europe, it is a conquest (albeit a

weaponless one): Masses of people have overtaken

the dominant culture of Europe and imposed

their own ideology on it.

This conquest has been overseen by

the Muslim Brotherhood, the Khomenists and

the Salafi/Wahhabis, i.e., institutions of political

Islam that want to impose sharia law as the law

of the land.

In France, President Emmanuel Macron recently

launched a campaign against political Islam,

outlining tougher immigration policies so

that France is not seen as a “land of asylum.”

The UK is facing its own challenges, and in

one way, Brexit is a tactic to stem hordes of immigrants

spilling over from Europe and wartorn

lands in the Middle East.

In Canada, former Prime Minister Stephen

Harper lost the election for calling Islamism the

greatest threat of our time. In Quebec, there is

pushback against immigration because Quebecers

consider themselves a “distinct society”

which would be threatened by unchecked immigration.

Are we allowed to critique these conquests?

One thing is certain: Those who don’t learn

from history and give in to these latest “Leftist”/Islamist

conquests will be their victims.

(Return to contents)

Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha‘at Islam Lahore

Founders of the first Islamic Mission in the UK - established 1913 as the Woking Muslim Mission.

E-mail: editor.thelight@aaiil.uk

Websites: www.aaiil.org/uk | www.ahmadiyya.org | www.virtualmosque.co.uk

I Shall Love All Mankind.

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