Paralysis by Lucrezia Dal Toso

lucbiro77

A deep reflexion on the psychological consequences of the pandemic 2020 on people, analyzing the anxiety and visually transmitting it through colors, contrasts and frames.

Anxiety is a normal and often healthy emotion. However, when a person regularly feels disproportionate

levels of anxiety, it might become a medical disorder. Anxiety disorders form a category of mental health

diagnoses that lead to excessive nervousness, fear, apprehension, and worry. These disorders alter how a

person processes emotions and behave, also causing physical symptoms. Mild anxiety might be vague and

unsettling, while severe anxiety may seriously affect day-to-day living. Anxiety disorders affect 40 million

people in the United States. It is the most common group of mental illnesses in the country. However, only

36.9 percent of people with an anxiety disorder receive treatment. What is anxiety? Disproportionate

reactions of tension and worry characterize anxiety. The American Psychological Association (APA) defines

anxiety as

PARALYSIS

“an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts and physical changes like

increased blood pressure.” Knowing the difference between normal feelings of anxiety and an anxiety

disorder requiring medical attention can help a person identify and treat the condition. When does anxiety

need treatment? While anxiety can cause distress, it is not always a medical condition. When an individual

faces potentially harmful or worrying triggers, feelings of anxiety are not only normal but necessary for

survival. Since the earliest days of humanity, the approach of predators and incoming danger sets off alarms

in the body and allows evasive action. These alarms become noticeable in the form of a raised heartbeat,

sweating, and increased sensitivity to surroundings. The danger causes a rush of adrenalin, a hormone

and chemical messenger in the brain, which in turn triggers these anxious reactions in a process called

the “fight-or-flight’ response. This prepares humans to physically confront or flee any potential threats

to safety. For many people, running from larger animals and imminent danger is a less pressing concern

than it would have been for early humans. Anxieties now revolve around work, money, family life, health,

and other crucial issues that demand a person’s attention without necessarily requiring the ‘fight-or-flight’

reaction. The nervous feeling before an important life event or during a difficult situation is a natural echo

of the original ‘fight-or-flight’ reaction. It can still be essential to survival – anxiety about being hit by a car

when crossing the street, for example, means that a person will instinctively look both ways to avoid danger.

Anxiety disorders The duration or severity of an anxious feeling can sometimes be out of proportion to the

original trigger, or stressor. Physical symptoms, such as increased blood pressure and nausea, may also

develop. These responses move beyond anxiety into an anxiety disorder. The APA describes a person with

anxiety disorder as “having recurring intrusive thoughts or concerns.” Once anxiety reaches the stage of a

disorder, it can interfere with daily function. Symptoms While a number of different diagnoses constitute

anxiety disorders, the symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) will often include the following:

restlessness, and a feeling of being “on-edge” uncontrollable feelings of worry increased irritability

concentration difficulties sleep difficulties, such as problems in falling or staying asleep. While these

symptoms might be normal to experience in daily life, people with GAD will experience them to persistent

or extreme levels. GAD may present as vague, unsettling worry or a more severe anxiety that disrupts dayto-day

living. Types Panic disorder is a type of anxiety disorder. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual

of Mental Health Disorders: Fifth Edition (DSM-V) classifies anxiety disorders into several main types.

In previous editions of DSM, anxiety disorders included obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and posttraumatic

stress disorder (PTSD), as well as acute stress disorder. However, the manual now no longer

groups these mental health difficulties under anxiety. Anxiety disorders now include the following

diagnoses. Generalized anxiety disorder: This is a chronic disorder involving excessive, long-lasting

anxiety and worries about nonspecific life events, objects, and situations. GAD is the most common

anxiety disorder, and people with the disorder are not always able to identify the cause of their

anxiety. Panic disorder: Brief or sudden attacks of intense terror and apprehension characterize panic

disorder. These attacks can lead to shaking, confusion, dizziness, nausea, and breathing difficulties.

Panic attacks tend to occur and escalate rapidly, peaking after 10 minutes. However, a panic attack

might last for hours. Panic disorders usually occur after frightening experiences or prolonged stress

but may also occur without a trigger. An individual experiencing a panic attack may misinterpret

it as a life-threatening illness, and may make drastic changes in behavior to avoid future attacks.




PARALYSIS

by Lucrezia Dal Toso



Introduction of the author

Being alone makes you think.

And sometimes thinking isn’t good.

Yourself is the only one around.

Not just one, two of you, actually: one

you that feels and thinks and another

you that watches yourself feeling and

thinking. Almost a role game. But the

observer yourself sometimes does

not appear immediately, but remains

silent to observe. And there come the

hardest moments. When the breath

gets shorter. When the head weighs

down. When no word or action seems

worth it. Because that’s when the mind

takes over. And no one, no one but

yourself can help you get through

that moment. I say moment because

it won’t last forever. There are good

and bad moments. They all go by

and they all end. To overcome a fear,

you have to look it in the face, touch

it with your hand, dive yourself into it

and recognize it. Only after you have

been in close contact with it you can

see the fear from the outside and say

“It was just a phase. And I managed to

overcome it with my own strength.”

4 5



Remember

when you were a kid

you were told to

think twice in order

to avoid making mistakes?

What if the mistake was thinking twice?

6 7



LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

I didn’t think my mind coud be so

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

LOUD

8 9



This is your last

chance.

After this, there is no turning back.

YOU TAKE THE

BLUE PILL.

YOU TAKE THE

RED PILL.

The story ends, you wake up in your

bed and believe whatever you want to

believe.

You stay in Wonderland and I show you

how deep the rabbit-hole goes.

10 11



Introduction...........................................................................4

Overthinking.......................................................................58

Human mind........................................................................14

How to deal.........................................................................90

Brain&feelings.....................................................................30

Yourself..............................................................................108

Left ‘n’ Right..........................................................................46

Credits................................................................................124



1

HUMAN MIND



HUMAN

=

MIND

=

LIFE

Humans are beings gifted with intelligence, physically stored in

the brain and symbolically in the mind. In every action they perform, this

capacity is in continuous development and evolution.

Every movement, every thought, every goal achieved is thanks to the mind.

Consequently, the mind allows us to compose the wonderful mosaic of life.

I don’t like the idea that I’m not in control of my life.

from Matrix

16 17



“Cognitive science” does not refer to an organic set

of theories, but to a multiplicity of addresses and

approaches to the general problem of how a mind

knows as a thinking system, whether natural or

artificial.

The human brain is the best example of a biological

system that makes thinking and other mental

performances (language, actions, feelings) possible.

The computer is the best model of machine, which,

using a complex operating system, can simulate

some typical performances of the mind.

The cognitive sciences are cognitive

neuroscience, cognitive psychology,

artificial intelligence and cognitive

linguistics. Cognitive neuroscience, in

particular, studies the interaction of

the mind with the brain, or rather, with

the central nervous system.

A basic alternative emerges from the comparison

between neuroscience and philosophy of mind: that

between dualists and physicalists.

The dualists admit the existence of a “mind” with its

own characteristics and performances (such as the

intentionality of acts), irreducible to the underlying

physical processes.

The problem of mind-brain interaction

The expression philosophy of the mind refers to

one of the directions of Anglo-Saxon philosophy,

cultivated by analytical philosophers.

The reflection on how we can represent cognitive

processes and the interaction between mind and

body is proposed as interdisciplinary research

in which the philosopher cannot invoke any

metaphysical primacy.

He accepts from the cognitive sciences the

empirical basis, in the absence of which

philosophical analysis risks being translated into

a discourse without assumptions.

Physicalists deny that such a reality exists, and they

tend towards various forms of monism, united by

the idea that complete knowledge of the brain

leaves nothing unexpected in the mind, beyond

the functioning of the central nervous system. What

seems to prevail among the latter is therefore a form

of reductionism.

Sometimes this term is given

a “substantial” and almost

metaphysical meaning: as of

those who intend to deny reality

to mental phenomena, identifying

them with physical states.

But there can also be an

epistemological, not metaphysical

reductionism.

It is not intended, that is, to

deny reality to consciousness,

but to construct a unified theory

that respects the phenomenal

diversity of the mind while arriving

at a single causal explanation,

applicable both to physical events

and to concomitant mental events.

18



Exposure.

That’s the only thing that works.

Everything else is just talk.

You have to have to courage to stay

in the situation that frightens.

And then you’ll learn

that fear isn’t dangerous.

The thoughts distort reality, not the other way around.

from Antichrist

21



It came to me when I tried to classify

your species and I realized that you’re

not actually mammals.

Every mammal on this planet instinctively

develops a natural equilibrium with the

surrounding environment.

But you humans do not.

from Matrix

22



The dualism of Popper-Eccles

That of mind/body interaction is a traditional problem of philosophical

reflection. The development of new scientific disciplines today tends to propose

it again as a problem of the relationship between the mind - or self-awareness -

and the brain.

The most authoritative exponents

of the dualist model are the

philosopher Karl Popper (1902-

94) and the neurobiologist and

Nobel Prize winner John Eccles

(1903-97). Their thesis (The self and

its brain, 1977) is that the mind,

self-conscious thought, is an entity

ontologically distinct from brain

matter and is able to influence it

causally. Eccles identifies in the

left frontal cortex of the human

brain some microstructures, called

“psychons”, which would have the

function of communicating to the

brain the “wishes” of the conscious

mind (his critics will compare them

with irony to Descartes’ pineal

gland). Popper frames Eccles’

discoveries in a broader theoretical

paradigm, called “Three Worlds

Theory”, which assumes a complex

model of interaction.

The self and his brain

The core of the mind/brain problem is the

qualitative difference and categories between the

nature of brain structures and processes and the

nature of mental objects and processes.

What is the relationship between mental activity

and the electrical and chemical activation of a

certain number of brain cells? In what sense can

one say that a thought or emotion depends on

the brain?

In particular, the conscious self is a phenomenon

that is difficult to reduce to a set of brain

processes, just as the intentionality of mental

acts (which allows us to think both real and

unreal objects) is difficult to explain as a material

epiphenomenon.

Schematically, two main models of solution can

be distinguished: a dualist and interactionist

model and a monist and materialist model.

The 3-Worlds Theory of Popper

Most people would easily agree that the scientific method is not the only way to

bring about knowledge.

Popper distinguishes, at the level of

regional ontologies, three worlds:

World 1, consisting of matter

and physical processes; World 2,

consisting of mental states; World

3, consisting of the products of the

human mind (abstract concepts,

scientific theories and other

cultural objects). No purely physical

system can grasp the abstract

contents of World 3. Therefore

there must be mental activities

(World 2) that grasp the objects of

World 3 and then interact causally

with the events of World 1.

Critics have objected that if

electronic computers can simulate

thought, and if the brain is a

“biological machine” that functions

like a computer, we would have

an example of direct interaction

between World 1 and World 3.

Popper counter-objectioned that

this is only an analogy and not an

appropriate account of how the

principles of World 3 (including

logic) govern the activities of

World 1.

24



My mind is running so fast

and I can’t focus.

26 27





2



Right now we are putting immense pressures on

ourselves to make the most of this time squeezing

out any creativity we have inside us.

Focus on what makes your heart happy, what calms

your mind and do things just because it brings you

joy. Not because you want to check it off a list.

But pressure is a killer of creativity.

32 33



The mind and the brain, feelings and emotions

In the structure of the brain, each specific area corresponds to a

function and therefore an emotion which in turn generates a feeling.

The interaction between all brain areas and between the right lobe

(Broca’s area) and the left lobe (Wernicke’s area), allows a perfect

functioning of the homeostatic processes of each individual, thus creating

the development of a conscious subjectivity endowed with ethical sense

and morality.

What are the areas of the brain

and what functions do they have?

The two hemispheres of the brain

control the opposite part of the body

and therefore, if there are cardiovascular

accidents, one part

or another of the brain will be

compromised.

First of all, I would like to point out that the

nervous system and the brain, which is part

of it, are very complex structures. The aim

is to explain, in the simplest way possible,

the functioning of the most important

organ of our body.

Brain stem

It is located at the base of the brain. Vital functions such as: heart rhythm,

breathing and blood pressure and digestion are functions controlled by this

area. It is also a bridge of communication between the brain and the rest of the

body, through the spinal cord. The brainstem is in turn divided into: bulb or

myelencephalon and midbrain. This is the engine of the brain and the centre of

the development of consciousness. A compromise or damage to the brainstem

constitutes a total blackout, of all the most important functions, leading precisely

to a loss of identity.

The brain is the organ that serves to

explain the control and regulation of body

functions. This organ is composed of

thousands of nerve cells that respond to

different stimuli sent by our body and the

external environment.

Cerebellum

It is the organ that maintains and posture and is involved in all the motor

processes of our body and coordinates all our movements.

Learning is always a painful process.

from Lucy

The brain is divided into three areas:

brainstem, cerebellum and brain proper.

Brain

The brain is the organ that receives the stimuli and translates them into

responses, it is related to emotions, somato-sensory structure and memories.

For example, when we burn ourselves and feel a sensation of strong physical

pain, an internal imbalance of our equilibrium and of our basic feeling takes

place inside us, starting already from the lower or primordial neural bases that

communicate with the upper ones in an automatic way.

35



I’m drowning in my own mind.

37



It is also important to mention two other important structures that make up the brain:

the limbic system and cerebral cortex.

limbic system

cerebral cortex

It processes emotions. Inside

the same we find two structures:

a structure called amygdala

and an insula, which control,

process and store our emotional

reactions.

The amygdala is activated

both when we feel sensations

of taste and disgust, the insula

only when we have unpleasant

sensations.

It is composed of two cerebral

hemispheres, the right and the

left, which in turn are divided

into four lobes.

The cerebral cortex consists of

a very thin laminar layer, and if

an accident of cardiovascular

order occurs, the area in the

opposite direction where the

injury or trauma occurred will be

compromised.

38



this is not

a game.

41



You can only depend on yourself. The cavalry ain’t coming.

from The pursuit of happiness

42 43





3

LEFT ’n’ RIGHT



TRAPPED.



The two hemispheres

Conscious thinking is processed in the

frontal lobes, and it is there that problems

are solved; it is the area where feedback

skills, i.e. re-evaluation of errors, and problem

solving skills, i.e. the ability to intuitively solve

problems quickly and optimally, finding the

best solution in the shortest possible time, are

developed.

Composition

Each hemisphere is composed of four

areas or lobes: frontal lobes, parietal lobes

(concerning the perception of stimuli related

to touch, pressure, temperature and pain),

temporal lobes (concerning the perception

of auditory stimuli and memory) and finally

occipital lobes (related to visual and auditory

stimuli).

50 51



MY MIND IS A MESS

Right hemisphere

Intuition and recognition of faces, voices and

melodies is controlled by the right cerebral

hemisphere, where memories and thoughts

are manifested through images.

Left hemisphere

The verbal sphere, on the other hand, in

most people is controlled by the left cerebral

hemisphere. If this area suffers injuries, the

person concerned will have great difficulty

in writing and speaking, as well as having

serious problems in expressing themselves

and understanding the language of others.



You cannot escape.

The left hemisphere is also important for

the ability of analysis, logical reasoning,

numerical problem-solving, algorithms,

decision-making and creative ability, and

the development of the resulting feedback

and problem-solving skills.

55





4

OVERTHINKING



overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?

overthinking?



Most of the times, you’re scared about things you don’t know.

Getting deeper into them could help you not to have fear of them.

Knowledge kills fear

It is a difficult time, of anxiety and worry, the

important thing is to transform our fear.

Nothing comes at random, we take advantage

of being at home to meditate, to reflect on

many things, I am sure that this experience will

be very useful to improve ourselves.

It is important that we take great care of the preventive function, starting

from two fundamental energetic principles:

1. Awaken our original Qi with the practice of meditation.

2. Strengthen the Immune System through the activation of Wei Qi.

In Lingshu we talk about Wei Qi compared to Zheng Qi, the human Qi.

Wei Qi is supported by the flowing Blood, the Ying Qi (nutritive Qi)

present in the Lung that transforms Wei Qi.

Wei Qi is represented with the color Gold, like the stars, like the Aura, is

very precious.

The Tibetans who live at a height of over 3000 meters, with rarefied

oxygen, have developed this method to strengthen the Immune System,

through this Meditation with Mantras.

I can control my mind.

62 63



What is the most resilient parasite? Bacteria?

A virus? An intestinal worm? An idea.

Resilient... highly contagious. Once an

idea has taken hold of the brain it’s almost

impossible to eradicate. An idea that is fully

formed - fully understood - that sticks; right

in there somewhere.

from Inception

65



Now let’s talk about how the human body’s

metabolism can cope with the virus, that’s why

we need a perfect Immune System.

1

The virus has a very different nature from the microbe, the

microbe can live alone being endowed with a DNA, it feeds

on proteins that make it autonomous in survival; this is not the

case of the virus, for this reason it is more aggressive, it has

mainly RNA, and it has the need of a living being that feeds it

and sustains its survival.

2

The virus enters our body through the nose, descends to the

throat and reaches the lungs, it can also penetrate through

the skin - in Chinese medicine it is said that it penetrates

the Taiyang and Yangming layer and then spreads into the

tissues - and penetrates the cells, because the virus needs to

penetrate the cell to feed itself.

3

The virus penetrates the center of the cell, pushing the

human body to produce proteins that nourish it and ensure

its reproduction and spread to other cells. It is during this

process that the virus causes infection with manifestations

such as fever, fatigue, sore throat, dry cough...

Note: at this stage it is

very important to drink

very hot, a fresh ginger

infusion, viruses are

damaged by heat.

I can control my mind.

I can control my mind.

I can control my mind.

I can control my mind.

66 67



The body is the theatre of the human mind.

Antonio Damasio

69



4

The human body is wonderful, it reacts immediately

and in the Blood produces APC (Antigen-Presenting Cell) are a category of

cells of the Immune System, which come out of the blood vessels, these cells

understand that something is going wrong in the body, they understand that

there are cells attacked by the virus. This is because the proteins produced

to feed the virus are different from the others and these Antigens recognize

that the cells attacked by the virus are different, that they do not belong to

the same family.

5

These Antigens surround these cells like an envelope,

they build a wall around these unrecognized cells, in

order to unlock their development and spread, the first

action is therefore to isolate the cells infected by the

virus. This is the first reaction of the body to defend itself,

which can manifest itself with even very high fever.

6

7

This reaction must be very fast to be effective, if the

reaction is too slow, the development of the virus in

the body causes an infection in the cells, resulting in

an “explosion” that spreads the virus in the body very

quickly.

To counteract the spread of the virus, the APC cell

surrounds the affected cell but at the same time sends

a signal for help, in the Lymph (the Lymph is also part of

the Immune System) flow lymphocytes, Thl CD4, ready to

defend us and surround the affected cell.

I can control my mind.

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70 71



He’s having a migraine attack. Imagine someone

saws her head, fills it with razor blades and shakes

it with all the strength.

from Shutter Island

73



8

When this protein comes into

contact with the cell affected

by the virus we have a chemical

reaction that produces a

substance named IL-12, this

substance re-enters the Thl cell,

strengthens it and stimulates it

to produce another cell called

CD 8 or Killer cell that has the

task of killing the virus.

9

When these T cells are effective

and work well, a chemical

reaction is produced in the

Lymph, Killer cells are formed

to kill the virus. This is a part

of the process, Thl CD4, is

very important, because it

corresponds to the Heart Spirit

in the human body, it is the

master of Thought, if these cells

are not well developed you can

not have a good Immune System

to fight the virus.

How does the human body react when the virus enters the body?

In the book “Shang Han Lun” (classic cold disease) two levels are described:

1. Taiyang level: chills and

then fever.

The reaction in the body

of this phenomenon is

chills and fever.

2. Shaoyang level (deeper

than the Taiyang level):

biliary bladder level; in

this book the symptoms

are described very well,

in addition to the first two

symptoms, we add: dry

throat and bitter mouth.

10

12

It is the spirit of the Heart which,

like a control unit, directs this

process. It takes care of the

production of Killer cells but

at the same time these T cells

establish contact with the blood

circulation, and it is in the Blood

that the B cells or B Lymphocytes

are activated, very useful for

producing Antibodies.

To date we are faced with two

situations:

Weak Immune System: we risk infection.

Strong Immune System: we are able to

produce Antibodies to defend ourselves.

In the future there may be a third situation:

Vaccine.

Today we also have some drugs that can

be useful but the most important aspect is

certainly the production of Antibodies.

11

Starting from Th1 we have

simultaneously: in the Lymph

the production of Killer Cells

and in the Blood of B cells, if

these two systems work well

our Immune System creates

the Antibodies necessary to

protect us.

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74 75



Let’s recapitulate the four key symptoms.

CHILLS

+

FEVER

+

DRY THROAT

+

BITTER MOUTH

76 77



I don’t know... I’m just worried.

Future is scary.

WHAT FUTURE?

78 79



I see all this potential,

and I see it squandered.

God damn it, an entire

generation pumping gas,

waiting tables - slaves with

white collars. Advertising

has us chasing cars and

clothes, working jobs we

hate so we can buy shit

we don’t need. We’re the

middle children of history,

man. No purpose or place.

We have no Great War. No

Great Depression.

Our great war is a spiritual

war... Our great depression

is our lives. We’ve all

been raised on television

to believe that one day

we’d all be millionaires,

and movie gods, and

rock stars, but we won’t.

We’re slowly learning that

fact. And we’re very, very

pissed off.

from Fight Club

This is our war.

80



I will get dressed later.

83



I hate being alone.

I hate it because love is a matter of

presence. It is made of touch and

closeness. And other virtual ways of

contact can’t substitute it. In a society

where individuality is always winning on

collectivity, staying just with ourselves will

let us know how much the other matters.

This is not a situation I want to be used to,

it is a challenge. I stay at home, but only

because I am looking forward to go out

again and see everything that is out of

these four walls with a new point of view.

We will touch each other again without

fear. Until then, there is nothing to stop

us from thinking each other so hard - and

maybe let each other know it.

84 85







5

HOW TO DEAL



ME

Put one like on yourself, not just on other’s pictures.

93



What can I do?

The most important thing is to strengthen our

Immune System and now let’s see how this works.

Research has allowed us to understand how very

important sleep is, we have to do like turtles, sleep

a lot.

Normally we need to sleep 8 hours a night, but

today’s rhythms have reduced these times, it seems

that only 30% of the world population sleeps on

average more than 7 hours a night. On average they

talk about 5-6 hours of sleep per night and this is not

enough. A good time to sleep is to go to bed at 10

pm and wake up at 5 or 6 a.m., this is the best time

to sleep.

This time corresponds to the Wei Qi cycle in Chinese

medicine.

The most suitable time to strengthen the Immune

System is from 10 p.m. to 1 a.m., it is the time when

the Brain Waves are slow and allows us maximum

rest, it is the SWS (Slow Wave Sleep) phase of the

Alpha and Theta Waves, a phase of great calm,

serenity and deep sleep.

It is during this phase that our body produces

growth hormone (GH), it is a very useful hormone

in children for their growth, so it is important that

children go to bed early. Children often dream of

flying and this has to do with growth. In Chinese the

23 o’clock is called child’s time, at this time children

have to sleep deeply because otherwise they do not

grow up well.

The action of this hormone is also very important in relation to the Immune System.

Growth hormone stimulates the cells that defend our body and attack the virus to destroy it.

Sleeping the right hours also affects the beauty of

the woman, you don’t need creams to look young

just sleep well.

94 95



I wasn’t high.

I wasn't wired.

Just clear.

I knew what I needed to do and how to do it.

from Limitless

96 97



What do you do when you’re anxious to

avoid this feeling?

“I go outside for a walk”

“I make up fake and impossible scenario to get

distracted”

“Music makes me feel better”

“I go for a drink”

“I deeply breath”

“I just smoke a cigarette”

“I find something new to cook”

98 99



What do you do when you’re anxious to

avoid this feeling?

“I try to solve the problem or at least work on it”

“I clean my room”

“I smoke while I’m listening to music”

“I simply stop myself”

“I start play videogames to distract myself”

“I usually do some sport or a walk in the nature”

“I count things, multiply the results and then see if

they’re a prime number”

100 101



102 103



I can’t do this, Sam.

What are we holding on to, Sam?

I know. It’s all wrong.

By rights we shouldn’t even be

here. But we are. It’s like in the

great stories, Mr. Frodo. The

ones that really mattered. Full of

darkness, and danger, they were.

And sometimes you didn’t want to

know the end, because how could

the end be happy? How could the

world go back to the way it was

when so much bad had happened?

But in the end, it’s only a passing

thing, this shadow. Even darkness

must pass. A new day will come.

And when the sun shines, it’ll shine

out the clearer. Those were the

stories that stayed with you. That

meant something. Even if you were

too small to understand why. But

I think,

Mr. Frodo, I do understand.

I know now. Folk in those stories

had lots of chances of turning back

only they didn’t. They kept going.

Because they were holding on to

something.

That there’s some good in this world,

Mr. Frodo. And it’s worth fighting for.

from The Lord of the Rings

104 105





6

YOURSELF



the only person who has the power of destroying

you is

YOU.

110 111



For the past 33 years, I have looked

in the mirror every morning and

asked myself: “If today were the last

day of my life, would I want to do

what I am about to do today?”.

And whenever the answer has been

“No” for too many days in a row, I

know I need to change something.

Steve Jobs

And so what this young generation

needs to learn is patience. That

something that really really matters,

like love, or job fulfillment, joy, love

of life, self confidence, a skill set, any

of these things take time…

Simon Sinek

My name is Maximus Decimus

Meridius, commander of the

Northern army, general of the

legions Felix, loyal servant to the

one true emperor Marcus Aurelius.

Father of a murdered son, husband

of a murdered wife. And I will have

my revenge. In this life or the next.

from The gladiator

112 113



Look, the world isn’t all roses and

flowers, it’s really a miserable and

dirty place, and no matter how

strong you may be, if you let it, it

will bring you to your knees and

leave you with nothing forever.

Fear is going to be a player in your

life, but you get to decide how

much. You can spend your whole

life imagining ghosts, worrying

about your pathway to the future,

but all there will ever be is what’s

happening here, and the decisions

we make in this moment, which are

based in either love or fear.

So many of us choose our path out

of fear disguised as practicality. What

we really want seems impossibly out

of reach and ridiculous to expect, so

we never dare to ask the universe for

it. I’m saying, I’m the proof that you

can ask the universe for it. And if it

doesn’t happen for you right away,

it’s only because the universe is so

busy fulfilling my order. It’s party

size!

Neither you nor I can hit as hard

as life does, so going forward is

not important how you hit, the

important thing is how you can

resist the blows, how you cash in

and if you end up on the floor you

have the strength to get up... So

you’re a winner!

And if you think you’re strong, you

gotta prove it! Because a man only

wins if he can take it! He doesn’t

go around pointing the finger

at people who aren’t involved,

blaming this guy and that guy for

making a mistake! That’s what

cowards do and you’re not! You’re

not a coward at all! [...]

Until you have faith in yourself, your

life is no longer your own.

I learned many great lessons from

my father, not the least of which was

that you can fail at what you don’t

want, so you might as well take a

chance on doing what you love.

Rocky Balboa

Jim Carrey

114 115



10 motivational movies

Rocky (1976)

Seabiscuit (2003)

Unbroken (2014)

Limitless (2011)

The Founder (2016)

The Wolf of Wall Street (2013)

The Gladiator (2000)

Forrest Gump (1994)

The Shawshank Redemption (1994)

Dead Poets Society (1989)

116 117



Get infected.

From the hands washed for at least

20 seconds of those who work.

Hands did not even think for

a second of holding them still.

From the lips that can’t hold back

a laugh.

Get infected.

Locked indoors, stay open.

Open your eyes wide and let

in your favorite movie.

Open your ears to the music your

neighbour is shooting at full blast.

Keep listening to it or listen

to it. Talk instead of posting.

Get infected.

Get infected.

From a thought, from a brilliant

idea. By the strength of someone

who faces the virus in the front line,

face to face, behind a mask.

Locked in your house, get out

of your personal red zone.

Don’t contain yourself: make

more plans, dream, pry, imagine.

Don’t stop spinning your energy

for a second, because fortunately

positive energy is also contagious.

119



Dear Roberta Sparrow,

I have reached the end of your book and there

are so many things that I need to ask you.

Sometimes I’m afraid of what you might tell me.

Sometimes I’m afraid that you’ll tell me that this

is not a work of fiction.

I can only hope that the answers will come to

me in my sleep.

I hope that when the world comes to an end,

I can breathe a sigh of relief, because there will

be so much to look forward to.

from Donnie Darko

120



122 123



Photographic credits

Verne Ho

Noah Buscher

Reno Laithienne

Isco

Mwangi Gatheca

Alexander Krivitskiy

Erik McLean

Alexander Krivitskiy

Adi Goldstein

Ben Blenner

Szabo Viktor

David Brooke

All these pictures are taken from unsplash.com

124 125



Bibliography

La filosofia della mente da Il discorso filosofico, a cura di Fabio Cioffi, Giorgio Luppi,

Amedeo Vigorelli, Emilio Zanette, Anna Bianchi, Edizioni Scolastiche Bruno Mondadori

Pearson

Credits

Free University of Bozen -

Bolzano

Faculty of Design and Art

Subtitle Text

Avenir Next Medium

12/14 pt

Tesi di Laurea Magistrale in Filosofia della Società, dell’Arte e della Comunicazione,

Università Ca’ Foscari di Venezia, Il Rapporto Mente e Cervello ed il ruolo della

coscienza nella costruzione del proprio Io, Ch. Prof. Ivana Maria Padoan, correlatore Ch.

Prof. Eleonora Montuschi, laureando Giulia Schirato Matricola 829871, anno accademico

2016 / 2017

Meditazione blu e immunologia a cura di Liu Dong

Agoraphobia (2016, February 20)

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/agoraphobia/

Anxiety (n.d.)

http://www.apa.org/topics/anxiety/

Anxiety disorders (2016, March)

https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/anxiety-disorders/index.shtml

Bachelor in Design and Art -

Major in Design

SS 2020 l 2nd semester

foundation course

Project Modul:

Order and Eccentricity l

Editorial Project

Design by:

Lucrezia Dal Toso

Book l Paralysis

Supervision:

Project leader

Prof. Antonino Benincasa

Project assistants

Prof. Emilio Grazzi

Prof. Emanuela De Cecco

Body Text

Avenir Next Regular

8/11 pt

Caption Text

Avenir Next Demibold

6/8 pt

Layout Grid:

5 Column Grid

Module Proportion:

1:1.412

Published:

June 2020

Facts and statistics (2017, August)

https://adaa.org/about-adaa/press-room/facts-statistics

Digital Publishing

Generalised anxiety disorder in adults (n.d.)

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/generalised-anxiety-disorder/symptoms/

Format:

170 x 240 mm

Kupfer, D. (2015, September). Anxiety and DSM-5. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience,

17(3), 245-246

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4610609/

Fonts l Fonts Sizes & Leading:

Title Text

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Martin, I. M. Ressler, K. J., Binder, E., & Nemeroff, C. B. (2013, June 17). The neurobiology

of anxiety disorders: Brain imaging, genetics, and psychoneuroendocrinology

Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 32(3), 549-575

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3684250/

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Live without fear.

128 129