SLSNZ NATIONAL Beach & Coastal Safety Report

SurfLifeSavingNZ1910

New Zealand has one of the highest fatal drowning rates in the OECD1. This report is our way of drawing a line in the sand. We, Surf Life Saving New Zealand, are saying “enough is enough”. No more unnecessary deaths from drowning on our beaches and along our coastline.

NATIONAL OVERVIEW

10-YEAR OVERVIEW | 2009-19

NATIONAL OVERVIEW

10-YEAR OVERVIEW | 2009-19

Each fatal drowning is a tragedy in its own right; it affects

not only close family and friends but the wider community.

The research presented here aims to report and categorise

fatal drownings, to better inform strategic decision making

for preventative educational programmes and community

engagement initiatives. The following section focuses on

fatal drownings that have occured between 2009-19.

Between 2009-19 there were 320 fatal drownings.

Auckland has the highest number of fatal drownings

(n=96), followed by Northland (n=55) and Waikato (n=31).

Surf beaches were the most dangerous environment with

125 fatalities, followed by fatalities that occurred 0-1 km

from shore (n=51) and within harbours (n=46) respectively.

The majority of beach and coastal fatal drownings occurred

while swimming/wading (n=71) followed by incidents due to

falls (n=65) and boating (n=47).

Figure 13

2009-19: Total Number of New Zealand Beach and Coastal Fatal Drownings per Year (n=320); Comparison of New

Zealand vs Australian Beach and Coastal Fatal Drowning Rates per 100,000 pop.

Fatal Drownings (n)

50

45

40

35

30

25

20

15

10

5

0

Fatal Drownings

NZ Fatal Drowning Rate

AUS Fatal Drowning Rate

2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19

Year

Figure 14

2009-14 and 2014-19 Five-Year Average Beach and

Coastal Fatal Drownings and Average Fatal Drowning

Rate per 100,000 pop.

2009-14

AVERAGE

DROWNING RATE

0.70

PER 100,000 POPULATION

AVERAGE FATAL

DROWNINGS

27

PER YEAR

2014-19

AVERAGE

DROWNING RATE

0.85

PER 100,000 POPULATION

AVERAGE FATAL

DROWNINGS

37

PER YEAR

The New Zealand beach and coastal fatal drowning

numbers and fatal drowning rates per 100,000 pop. for

2009-19 are shown above. The 2018-19 fatal drowning

rate per 100,000 population in NZ is 0.70, which is below

the 10-year average (0.78 per 100,000 pop.). The New

Zealand 10-year average beach and coastal fatal drowning

rate per 100,000 pop. is 70% higher than the Australian 10-

year average fatal drowning rate per 100,000 pop. When

comparing the first half of the decade (2009-14) to the latter

(2014-2019), nationally there has been an increase from 27

(2009-14) fatal drownings on average to 37 per year (2014-

19).

1.2

1.0

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0.0

Fatal Drowning Rate

(per 100,000 pop.)

The New Zealand 10-year

average beach and coastal fatal

drowning rate is 70% higher than

the Australian 10-year average,

and is on the increase.

Figure 15

2009-19: Total Beach and Coastal Fatal Drownings and Fatal Drowning Rate per 100,000 Population for the 16

Regions (n=320)

Between 2009-19 there were 320 fatal drownings. Auckland (n=96) experiences the highest fatal drowning number

per region, followed by Northland (n=55). However, Northland had the highest average fatal drowning rate per

region (3.29 per 100,000 pop.).

Fatal Drownings (n)

100

80

65

40

20

0

AUK

NTL

WKO

Fatal Drownings

Average Fatal Drowning Rate

WGN

Figure 16

2009-19: Age Groups and Gender Represented in

Beach and Coastal Fatal Drownings (n=320)

Age groups above 15 years old have a fatal drowning

toll over 44. The 35-44 age group has the highest fatal

drowning number (n=58). The fatal drowning rate for

males is greater than females across all age groups. The

35-44 and 45-54 age groups have the highest Female fatal

drowning rates. The 15-24 and 35-44 age groups have the

highest Male fatal drowning rate.

Fatal Drownings (n)

60

50

40

30

20

10

Male

Female

BOP

CAN

HKB

OTA

STL

Region

89%

MALE

0

0-4 5-14 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+

Age

More adults are fatally 11%

11%

drowning than children FEMALE

TKI

WTC

MWT

TAS

More males are fatally

drowning than females

89%

MBH

MALE

GIS

NSN

3.5

3.0

2.5

2.0

1.5

1.0

0.5

0.0

Fatal Drowning Rate

(per 100,000 pop.)

MALE

11%

89%

FEMALE

FEMALE

SURF LIFE SAVING NEW ZEALAND

22

NATIONAL BEACH & COASTAL SAFETY REPORT

SECTION TWO FATAL DROWNING ANALYSIS / 10 YEAR OVERVIEW 2009-19

23

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines