SLSNZ NATIONAL Beach & Coastal Safety Report

SurfLifeSavingNZ1910

New Zealand has one of the highest fatal drowning rates in the OECD1. This report is our way of drawing a line in the sand. We, Surf Life Saving New Zealand, are saying “enough is enough”. No more unnecessary deaths from drowning on our beaches and along our coastline.

NON-FATAL DROWNING OVERVIEW

10-YEAR OVERVIEW | 2009-19

COMPARISON OF NON-FATAL AND

FATAL DROWNINGS ON NEW ZEALAND

BEACHES BETWEEN 2009-19

The focus of drowning prevention research has long

been on fatal drowning. However, this is only part of the

total drowning toll. Non-fatal drowning incidents are more

difficult to quantify but are still significant and can often

result in life-changing injuries and illnesses. The social cost

to New Zealand of one severe water-related injury resulting

in hospitalisation has been estimated at $472,900 (WSNZ,

2019).

Between 2009 and 2019, there were 253 cases of nonfatal

drownings recorded on beaches, representing an

average of 25 non-fatal beach drowning cases per year.

For this report, we have assumed beach specific non-fatal

data includes both surf and calm water beach types.

*The non-fatal drowning data used in this report is based

on hospital stays of at least 24 hours and has been provided

by WSNZ’s as recorded in DrownBase. A large amount of

environmental coding is set to ‘large body of water’ which

does not allow for more specific data breakdown. There

are likely more non-fatal cases that have occurred within

the coastal environment; however, due to the hospital

coding limitations highlighted above, many cases are

indeterminable at this stage.

To calculate the ratio of fatal to non-fatal drowning

incidents, the total number (n=136*) of fatal beach drowning

incidents (surf beach and calm water beach) was compared

with the total number of non-fatal beach incidents (n=253).

The average ratio of fatal to non-fatal drowning incidents

from 2009-19 is 1:1.86. This figure indicates that for every

fatal beach drowning, there are 1.86 non-fatal beach

TOTAL FATAL

DROWNINGS

drowning incidents. The rate is highly variable across age

groups – children and young adolescences (0-14) show the

highest ratio (1:15), which indicates that for every fatal beach

drowning, there are 15 non-fatal drowning incidents. On the

other end of the spectrum, the 55 – 64 age group represents

the lowest ratio (1.28), indicating that for every fatal beach

drowning death, there are 1.28 non-fatal drownings.

TOTAL NON-FATAL

DROWNINGS

NON-FATAL

DROWNING INCIDENTS

253

BETWEEN 2009-19

37%

AVERAGE NON-FATAL

DROWNING INCIDENTS

25

PER YEAR

UNDER THE AGE OF

25

70%

MALE

30%

FEMALE

136 * 253

RATIO FATAL : NON-FATAL

1 : 1.86

0-14 YEARS OLD RATIO

FATAL : NON-FATAL 1 : 15

55-64 YEARS OLD RATIO

FATAL : NON-FATAL 1 : 1.28

Figure 27

2009-19: Non-Fatal Drowning Incidents on Beaches by Year and Gender (n=253)

Figure 28

2009-19: Fatal and Non-Fatal Drowning Incidents on Beaches by Year (n=389)

Non-Fatal Drownings (n)

50

40

30

20

10

0

Female

Male

2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19

Year

Drownings (n)

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

Non-Fatal Drownings

Fatal Drownings

2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19

Year

SURF LIFE SAVING NEW ZEALAND

NATIONAL BEACH & COASTAL SAFETY REPORT

SECTION FOUR NON-FATAL DROWNING ANALYSIS / 10 YEAR OVERVIEW 2009-19

34 35

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines