The American Philatelist April 2020


Holocaust Rememberance Issue


APRIL 2020 $6.95



Holocaust Remembrance


Prisoner Mail System of

Concentration Camp Majdanek

Work Camp Lipowa 7


The Making of a Holocaust Exhibit



APRIL 2020 Table of Contents

VOLUME 134 • NO. 4 • WHOLE NO. 1,431



— An unusual preprinted address on a Lublin ghetto

request card led Justin Gordon to uncover details about

a little-known work camp, Lipowa 7: a subcamp of

Majdanek concentration camp.




continue our foray into modern

postal history to look at the nowstandard

ZIP Code barcodes – and

how post offices adapted to block

barcode errors as mail processing

became increasingly automated.


338 Adventures in Expertizing

334 APRL Notes

332 Buy and Sell

352 Classifieds

294 Editor’s Notes

351 Index of Advertisers

298 Letters to the Editor

330 Member Highlight

356 Membership Report

360 New U.S. Issues



tragedy and history of Konzentrationslager

(KL) Lublin, considered by its survivors to be

more deadly than KL Auschwitz, is told here,

illustrated by incoming and outgoing mail

from the camp.




the APS gained custodianship of Foxborough

Regional Charter School’s Holocaust Stamps

Project — 11 million stamps, stamp art collages,

and letters all compiled in the near-decade of

Foxborough’s Holocaust education project. In

June 2020, the American Philatelic Center will

open an exhibit that bears witness to the project

and the postal history of the Holocaust.


BY APS STAFF — Our special Recognition Section

notes all of the many members who helped

the American Philatelic Society grow through

generous donations of money, materials, time

and expertise in 2019.

Front cover: Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe — Berlin, Germany.

362 New World Issues

306 Our Story

342 Philatelic Happenings

292 President’s Column

346 Show Time

364 Worldwide in a Nutshell

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Philatelic Magazine in the Nation


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president |

Be a Caretaker for the Future of Our Hobby

One of our great responsibilities as stamp collectors is

to act as caretakers and stewards of tangible philatelic

and postal history items. Many of us are custodians

of history – you will see many such examples in this

very issue, from philatelists who have taken on the responsibility

of preserving Holocaust-era postal history. By acting

as caretakers of this material, we agree to pass it on to new

generations, and that brings up a paramount goal for our

Society: recruiting new members to carry on our missions.

In the February issue of The American Philatelist, you

read about the 2020 Challenge; this year, our nearly 28,000

members are challenged to recruit two thousand and twenty

new members to the American Philatelic Society.

The main problem that the American Philatelic Society

faces in maintaining or increasing our numbers does not

stem from dissatisfaction among the members with what

we do. Rather, our major difficulties in keeping the Society

strong are death and disability in our membership. Our only

recourse is to pass on what we know and what we own to a

younger generation that has learned what stamp collecting

is all about, because we recruited them and taught them.

You might ask yourself, “How do I recruit?” A relevant

question, with much to gain if you become successful in this

task. In fact, the Society is offering rewards in the form of a

limited number of free life memberships. Only those who

excel in recruiting can win.

In my experience, the most effective recruiting is by word

of mouth. Michael Schweitzer, the president of our local Indiana

Stamp Club, and our treasurer, Bob Strantz, often take

the opportunity during Indiana Stamp Club meetings to

announce the availability of APS membership applications

and to encourage all attendees to join APS. As a result, the

percentage of individuals joining not just our local club, but

our national Society, is very high. Local club membership

and APS membership are effectively symbiotic, as each reinforces

the other. Local membership provides a steady communication

channel with other local club members, and often

provides information about local shows and events. APS

membership provides information on a national scale along

with multiple resources to aid the collector.

In addition to promoting membership at your local

clubs, you can take matters into your own hands by approaching

non-members and encouraging them to join

APS. We recognize that the pool of potential members consists

almost entirely of those who are already collecting but

have not actually joined the Society. We estimate that there

The key to any successful membership drive is the prize. In 1926,

APS offered a free trip to the APS Convention in New York City,

and $50 to cover expenses, to the lucky person who recruited

the most members.

The American Philatelist, May 1926, offers a new take on some

familiar philatelic vocabulary.


are between one and two million “closet” collectors who

are interested in stamps and are collecting them, but have

not yet joined organized philately.

If a person to whom you suggest APS membership is

not familiar with The American Philatelist, lend him or her

some of your back issues. If you know a potential member’s

subject area, find an AP article relating to that subject.

The AP is searchable online, and if you can’t find an article

yourself, the talented staff of the American Philatelic Research

Library is able to assist you. The Library can provide

potential members with an enormous amount of information

regarding their collecting interests. If a prospective

member has doubtful items that need authentication,

point out that the APS can help them there as well. If they

are interested in a collecting area, topic, or theme, APS has

the connections to put them in touch with other collectors

with similar interests.

The choice to recruit is up to you. But recruiting will

not only help the APS; it will help you later on when it

comes time to dispose of your collection and you find that

there is still an active group of younger collectors. You will

have done your part to preserve the wonderful world and

hobby of stamp collecting, so that in Abraham Lincoln’s

immortal words, these important artifacts “shall not perish

from the Earth.”

Be a “GOT,” Not a “Get”!

In 1926, the American Philatelic Society launched — you

guessed it — a membership drive. Our goal then was to reach 5,000

total members, in time for the New York APS Convention in October.

A.W. (Bill) Bloss tells the reader in the April 1926 issue of The

American Philatelist:

… you, Mr. A.P.S. member, will get out of the society just

what you put into it. The A.P.S. wants and should have 5,000

members . . . It does not want every collector in America, but

every honest and serious collector of good character . . . Get behind

the Recruiting Committee and don’t stop with getting one

member, get ten. The writer got seven last month, and is after

seven more. If you know a man is of good character, don’t stop

until you sign him up.

Later in the April issue, we have a challenge from that very

same Recruiting Committee, written by R. L. Hustin (APS #7903):

Do you belong to the “Get a Member” crowd of the A.P.S. –

or have you joined the “GOT a Member” gang? Them’s the boys!

… Don’t keep “putting off” getting YOUR new member.

“Hell is paved with good intentions” says Henry W. Shakespeare,

or someone else. Don’t be a “Hell paver” but get into the

“Honorary Society of GOTs” as fast as you can!

Well said! We’ll amend Mr. Bloss and Mr. Hustin’s statements

slightly to offer this encouragement - when you meet an honest

man or woman of good character, don’t stop until you sign them

up! Join the “GOT a Member” club post-haste, and rest easy knowing

that you’ve fulfilled a decades-old imperative.

• • • • •


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chief content officer |

We could not do this without you!

Towards the back of this issue, right after

Bob Lamb’s renowned column “Worldwide

in a Nutshell,” there is a special section,

highlighting and recognizing our donors

and volunteers.

When I started last summer at APS, one of

the first events I attended was Volunteer Work

Week. A small army of members descended on

the American Philatelic Center to help us catch

up and clean up. Imagine a week where a team of organizational specialists showed up at

your front door, dedicated to doing the chores you’ve put off for a year! In that single week,

I met many volunteers who have been dedicating their time to the American Philatelic

Center for years. The cheerful atmosphere and energy in the building during Volunteer

Work Week was infectious.

We are also lucky to have Bellefonte-area APS members who are with us every day.

From sorting donated materials, filing in the library or putting donated postage on our

outgoing mail, they make it easier for APS staff to focus on the task of serving your needs.

Thank you.

Your donations are not meaningless. Instead, they carry our Society forward, while preserving

the vision of the American Philatelic Society’s founders: “The objects of this Association

are, to assist its members

in acquiring knowledge

in regard to Philately; to cultivate

a feeling of friendship

among philatelists; and to

enable them to affiliate with

members of similar societies

in other countries.”

What would the American

Philatelic Society and

American Philatelic Research

Library be without

your generosity?

The American Philatelic

Call for writers

The American Philatelist depends on our members, who provide much of the content

of this magazine. I’d like to encourage more members to join our roster of philatelic

writers. If you have an idea, please send your article idea, an outline and a brief description

of what would make it interesting to our audience. Send your proposal by email to or mail to The American Philatelist, c/o Article Submission, 100

Match Factory Place, Bellefonte, PA 16823.

APS Official Family



Robert Zeigler


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Patricia (Trish) Kaufmann

Jeff Shapiro


Stephen Schumann


Bruce Marsden


Michael Bloom

Rich Drews

Peter P. McCann

Mark Schwartz


Stephen Reinhard


Nicholas A. Lombardi

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Mountainside, NJ 07092


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Please try to give us four weeks’

notice. You can also add an

e-mail address or website to

your APS record.



Center at the Match Factory Complex would not exist, nor

would the many opportunities afforded by this large and

beautiful space: the spacious library and archival space; conference

rooms and classrooms; an expanded Summer Seminar

of Philately and other APC-hosted symposiums.

Thanks to your confidence in the APS, philately and

stamp collecting have a centralized home, available to our

APS members and the general public. As part of the staff at

the APC, we also appreciate the workspaces which provide

us the opportunity to collaborate and discuss new ideas and

initiatives to help our members.

Finally, The American Philatelist is made possible in part

because of your support of the Technology Fund. The editorial

staff ’s computers, scanners, printers, and more are kept

up-to-date with your generosity, which gives us freedom to

think ambitiously about the services we provide to members

through the magazine and the website at

Our society thrives because of members like you. Thank


• • • • •

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Dear Editor,

This issue was brilliant. Thank you for the extensive coverage

of Black History month, especially “The Earliest Depiction…”

Great combination of history and stamp scholarship.


Gregory Frux,

Brooklyn, NY

Black Courage Context

To the editor:

Allow me to add some context to Bernice L. Fields’ article,

“Black Courage, African-American Soldiers in the War

of Independence” (February American Philatelist).

About one quarter of the troops in the Continental Army,

not the 10 or 15 percent Fields cites, were free blacks and

slaves who expected to win their freedom through military

service. Many of the latter fought in an all-black regiment

which bravely helped to defeat a combined force of British

Redcoats and Hessian mercenaries at the Battle of Rhode Island

in August 1778. Not all of the enslaved fighters were rewarded

with their freedom, but the battle showed that blacks

could fight.

At war’s end, the British evacuated about 3,000 former

slaves, not Fields’ 40,000, who had fled to their colors during

the war. When George Washington demanded their return

in 1783, the British commander in New York refused to dishonor

Britain’s pledge of freedom in exchange for the former

slaves’ loyalty. Most were resettled in Nova Scotia and New


Britain’s “Southern strategy” was to take control of the

Carolinas and Georgia, which seemed vulnerable, then

crush the rebellion in the North. The strategy first foundered,

not at the Battle of Cowpens in January 1781, but at

Kings Mountain, just inside South Carolina, three months

earlier. Several free blacks from Virginia were in the Patriot


Historians of the American Revolution (including me)

consider Kings Mountain as the Revolution’s turning point.

Cowpens was an exclamation point. The back-to-back defeats

convinced the British to abandon their attempt to sever

the Southern colonies from the North. (I write about the

only black with the Loyalists at Kings Mountain, a former

slave, in The African American Odyssey of John Kizell.)

Slaves and free blacks joined one side or the other on

the basis of opportunity and on a calculation that they were

aligning themselves with the eventual winner. The British

had no intention of abolishing slavery in the American colonies,

but they were happy to use blacks who were prepared

to help their cause. As Ms. Fields points out, General Washington,

a slave owner, initially opposed using black troops.

Blacks were potential pawns. The British Parliament debated

whether to mobilize slaves into armed legions, which

might have won the war. Had they done so, the war would

have resulted in blacks fighting blacks. Likewise, South Carolina

twice rejected arming a slave regiment, deciding that

it would be unwise to put weapons in the hands of enslaved

black men.

Kevin Lowther

Springfield, Virginia

Collecting Inspection Stamps

The February 2020 issue of The American Philatelist was

outstanding in its content. I congratulate you and your staff

for this excellent issue. Of course, I greatly enjoy the magazine

every month, but this month was outstanding.

I have a collection on Black History of approximately 400

stamps. I am still collecting, but I am hoping that soon I will

begin to develop a thematic series of exhibits and adult education

courses based on my collection.

I write to request that you forward this to Mr. Peter

Schwartz. His article (with Calvin Mitchell) was superb.

What an original and exciting article that no one had ever

done before. Simply amazing research!

Mr. Schwartz — is it possible to purchase the three denomination

of the 1864 Inspection Stamps? I would love to

add them to my collection on Black History. Where can I

purchase? What would be the cost? I would much appreciate

your expertise in answering these two questions.

Sincerely yours,

Drew Kershen

Earl Sneed Centennial Professor of Law Emeritus

University of Oklahoma, College of Law

Norman, OK

(Editor’s Note: We were able to connect Professor Kershen

with Peter and Calvin, who suggested APS member and dealer

Eric Jackson as a resource. They also suggested becoming

a member of ESPER (Ebony Society of Philatelic Events and

Reflections) for more information.)


Engaging Youth

We have all heard

and read the laments

of aging collectors

trying to get someone

in their family

interested in stamps

— hoping that they

will take over the

collection when the

time comes. I have

“struck out” in trying

to interest my three

oldest grandchildren.

I even tried to get one

of them to sell my

duplicates on eBay to

help her make some

spending money. It

didn’t work.

My failure with the first three has made me more determined

to get the fourth one interested. Marin is only three

and lives in the Virgin Islands. I make a point of sending her

a postcard with a commemorative stamp on it every week. I

also include a small packet of stamps for her when we send

parcels to her mother. She enjoys “gluing” these colorful, but

cheap “wall-paper” stamps to her papers.

Recently, after discovering the APS’ on-line educational

materials, I sent Marin one of the “pre-K” stamp activities.

Using this activity, she created her own short story.

“Once upon a time a man on a horse (Sharjah stamp) explored

with Queen Elizabeth (Great Britain stamp). They traveled

by train (two Romanian stamps) to Independence Hall

(Nicaragua stamp). Their favorite thing was flowers (Croatian

Cinderella stamp).”

From her photo, it looks like Marin thoroughly enjoyed

this philatelic activity. I am hopeful!

Terry Watson

Lithia Springs, Georgia

More Text on Stamps?

The February 2020 issue of The American Philatelist had

a discussion about the U.S. New issues. It has large photographs

of the Priority Mail stamp (titled “Big Bend”) and the

Priority Mail Express Rate stamp (titled “Grand Island Ice


Neither of these are among the most well-known

American National Parks and Preserves. For reasons

I cannot understand, the U.S. Postal Service

continues to print postage stamps having none or incomplete

text about the subject being depicted. In this case,

having more text that includes the state where the park is

located (Texas and Michigan) would do a lot to define the

exact locations, increasing the ability of stamps to educate.

The USPS “Mayflower 1620” Forever postage stamp, to

be issued later in 2020, will commemorate the British-Puritan

settlement at Plymouth, MA 400 years ago. Yet nowhere

does the text of the stamp note the 400th (1620 - 2020) anniversary.

Postage stamps provide a wonderful opportunity to educate

a nation’s people about their history and heritage. Until

the 1970s, the text on U.S. postage stamps clearly indicated

exactly the issue purpose as well as noting the anniversary

being celebrated. Also, many continuing stamp series honor

notable Americans with the honoree’s image and name, but

only rarely is there even a one-word text to note their field.

Sadly, USPS misses an opportunity to educate Americans.

At post offices, I often ask the postal clerks or customers

if they know the achievement for which “Person X” is being

honored on a postage stamp. 99% say they have no idea.

I have spoken with graphic artist acquaintances who are

also stamp collectors. They state that adding an additional

word (or two) to the stamp’s motif would certainly not interfere

with the general design. Does the Citizens’ Stamp

Advisory Committee have any input in this matter? If people

lobby to have a person or event honored on a postage stamp,

it would seem only logical that the reason for such an honor

should be clearly stated with text elements on the postage

stamp design.

In the last 15 years, I have written to the Postmaster General

about this failure of USPS stamp designs to help educate

Americans. I received a cordial reply, but the USPS stated

that adding words would “detract from the impact of the design.”

I found this reply incomprehensible, given my statement

that, without such text elements, USPS stamp designs

have NO impact at all.


Fred Korr

Oakland CA 94602

Stamp Story and Robert Frost Fan

I enjoyed “My Stamp Story” by Don Neal (February


I have a connection to one of the stamps he used to hand

out to his students- that of Robert Frost. Among my many

areas of employment I lead many tour groups globally. Robert

Frost spent time in Key West, Florida, living in a guest



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May 4–22, 2020

W e will be traveling throughout

the Midwestern States of Minnesota, Iowa,

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Member since 1976

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cottage. The owners converted it into a Robert

Frost museum that I would take Elderhostel/Road

Scholar groups to see a short presentation. Unfortunately,

the property was sold about 5 years ago.

For many years I would take tour groups to

St. Augustine, Florida, and met many great folks

working in attractions, hotels, and such. Until

about four years ago the grandson, or great-grandson

of Robert Frost worked at the Spanish Military

Hospital Museum in St. Augustine, Florida.


Juan L. Riera

Thanks, Bill!

I was so happy to see that you have reinstated

the New World Issues section in the February 2020

issue. A big thank you to Bill Silvester for taking

it on. He has added information at the end where

you may obtain the stamps, which is useful.

Elaine Schofield

Andover, MA


In the article “Carol Gordon, Cachetmaker” (March 2020

AP), the caption for figure 8 is incorrect. It should read: “Figure

8. World War II (Scott 2981). Gordon created six cachets for this

series. The 1995 cover features a skeleton holding a cross that

chronicles events and people of 1945. She drew on many sources

for the cachet. Quotes from the poet Saito Sanki and from Jeanette

Rankin, the first woman to serve in the U.S. Congress, form the

border. The black and white figures are from a 1919 lithograph by

Kathe Kőllwitz titled Mothers. Hieronymus Bosch’s Messenger of

the Devil from his painting The Temptation of St. Anthony (c.1500)

appears in the lower right corner.”

The article “Good for WE — Good for Philately!” (March 2020

AP) was authored by the following contributors: Sheryll Ruecker,

Kristin Patterson, Ruth Caswell and Lisa Foster.

In “My Stamp Story: John Mascaro” (December 2019 AP),

we would like to correct the following editing errors. John collects

stamps from the Republic of China. His signed cover from

President Gerald Ford was an event cover. John also notes that he

served in Vietnam from 1966–1967. John, thanks for your service!

• • • • •

Letters to the Editor

We encourage readers to send their comments,

questions and feedback to The American


Submission of a letter implies consent to publish,

unless specifically prohibited by the sender.

The decision of whether to publish is made by the

editorial staff of The American Philatelist.

Generally, letters will be published unless determined

to be offensive, disrespectful, libelous,

slanderous or not chiefly related to the stamp


The opinions expressed in a Letter to the Editor

are those of the author and not The American

Philatelist. We do not publish or accept requests

for the publication of anonymous letters.

To allow more Letters to the Editor, you are

respectfully requested to limit submissions to 500

words or less. If your submission is longer, the

editorial team will ask you to resubmit a shorter

version, or provide you a copy of an edited version

to review prior to publication.

Submit your letters to letterstotheeditor@ or mail a typewritten copy to: Letter

to the Editor, The American Philatelist, 100 Match

Factory Place, Bellefonte, PA 16823.




executive director |

Remembrance through Stamps —

A Reminder and Our Promise

In 1944, Jewish Italian chemist Primo Levi, who opposed

the fascist government of Italy, was transported

to Auschwitz. There he survived for 11 months before

Auschwitz was liberated by the Red Army and he returned to

Italy. Following the war, he wrote his account of Auschwitz,

entitled If This Is a Man (published as Survival in Auschwitz

in the United States). Levi would go on to write extensively,

not only about surviving the Holocaust, but novels and science

textbooks. More than four decades after he was liberated

from Auschwitz, Levi was asked to explain the Holocaust.

In his response he said, “Monsters exist, but they are too few

in number to be truly dangerous. More dangerous are the

common men, the functionaries ready to believe and to act

without asking questions.”

This issue of The American Philatelist commemorates

the Holocaust through stamp images and postal history.

This year, Holocaust Remembrance Day begins on the evening

of April 20 through April 21, marking the anniversary

of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising on the Hebrew calendar (27

Nisan). There are still powerful voices among us who personally

experienced the Holocaust and continue to tell their

stories. As time moves on, the stamp collecting community

has worked to contribute to the preservation of this history

and advance Holocaust education through stamps.

In 2017, we made a significant contribution to the Holocaust

Stamps Project at the Foxborough Regional Charter

School in Massachusetts by giving them 750,000 stamps as

part of the project. Mystic Stamp Company followed with a

donation of one million stamps, and many APS members

from all over the country sent stamps, adding the more than

two million stamps needed for Foxborough to reach their

goal of 11 million stamps. The true value of the program was

its use of the collection of stamps as a “peer-to-peer” teaching

program about the Holocaust - the students were able to

research and teach each other through stamp imagery and

collages. Last fall, the APS agreed to take the collection and

use it as part of an exhibit at the American Philatelic Center

here in Bellefonte — the making of this exhibit is the subject

of “Remembrance, Connection, Witness: The Making of a

Holocaust Exhibit” on page 322 of this issue. Our dedication

of the completed exhibit

will be on Monday, June

22, 2020, as part of our

annual Summer Seminar


This is not the first

philatelic exhibit dedicated

to the atrocities

of the Holocaust. In

1978, Ken Lawrence, a

frequent contributor to

The American Philatelist,

began collecting material

to combat Holocaust

denial, a movement premised

on the idea that

the Holocaust never

happened. Ken collected

through the years and,

in 1992, began exhibiting

The NAZI Scourge:

Postal Evidence of the

Holocaust and the Devastation

of Europe.” The

10-frame exhibit has

Czechoslovakia (now the Czech

Republic) issued a series in June

1967 showing Jewish relics

(Scott 1475-1480). Scott 1479,

the 1.40-koruna, yellow and

black stamp is a memorial for

concentration camp victims. The

names of the concentration camps

are listed on the stamp.

been shown at stamp shows in the U.S. and abroad. The

Philatelic Foundation produced a DVD of the exhibit and,

along with Mr. Lawrence, has given us permission to host

the DVD in our online education portal, C3a.

In 2007, the Spungen Family Foundation acquired Mr.

Lawrence’s original exhibit to preserve and use the philatelic

material as a permanent reminder of the atrocities of the

Holocaust. The Spungen Holocaust Postal Collection can be

found online at

We express our gratitude to the Spungen Family Foundation

for their commitment to preserving this remarkable

collection. Exhibits such as these are a powerful reminder

that our collecting, while considered a hobby, preserves rich

personal history and artifacts for future generations.


Holocaust Stamps Project program leader, Jamie Droste, gave a

brief tour of the students’ stamp collages before entrusting the

project to the APS’ care.

• • • • •

How Can Our Members Help?

If you have appropriate material that you would like to

share, please contact our Education Department at

for more information on the exhibit. This

can include postal history, family history, photographs, or

other material that will help us educate collectors and noncollectors

alike on the history of the Holocaust.

You can also donate stamps to two ongoing Holocaust

youth education projects in Stoughton, MA, and Silver

Spring, MD. Each program has the same goal of collecting

11 million stamps to commemorate the victims of the

Holocaust and the Nazi regime. In 2019, we launched both

programs with a donation of 1.5 million stamps, in remembrance

of the children who lost their lives during the Holocaust.

Additionally, we will help future youth education

programs that are interested in similar projects, by getting

the program off the ground with an initial donation, and

promoting it with our members.

Thank you to all the members who have contributed

their time, talents, and resources to support this critical mission.

We will continue to build on this program and hope

you will be able to visit us and see the exhibit first-hand in

the months and years ahead.


c/o Richard Sloane

803 South Belgrade Rd.

Silver Spring, MD 20902


Holocaust Stamp Project

c/o Jaime Regan

Stoughton High School

232 Pearl Street

Stoughton, MA 02072



Prisoner Mail System

in KL Lublin/Majdanek


... in Majdanek itself we did not wear striped clothing. They gave us clothing of people who had been shot. We

always knew how many people had worn it before by the (number of) bullet holes...

— Judith Becker (a Jewish prisoner in KL Lublin), Yad Vashem Archives 0.3-9416

While the world is focused this year on the 75th anniversary

of the liberation of KL (Konzentrationslager)

Auschwitz, it is important to recall that

during the war there were several other concentration camps

built in Poland by the Germans. Among these were camps

erected primarily for extermination purposes only, e.g., Sobibor,

Treblinka, Bełżec, and Chełmno, none of which were

designed to have large, permanent inmate populations. KL

Figure 1. Soviet Army photo of prisoner barracks at KL Lublin as

they appeared shortly after liberation. U.S. Holocaust Memorial

Museum, Courtesy of Panstwowe Muzeum na Majdanku.

Auschwitz was a hybrid camp, engineered both as a vast murder

factory and, simultaneously, a provider of slave labor to

support various war-related projects. Another combination

concentration/extermination camp was built in the town of

Lublin in fall of 1941. At this time, the German armed forces

were fully committed to an ill-fated invasion of the Soviet

Union under the code name “Operation Barbarossa.” The

Russian soldiers captured in the early stages of this offensive

numbered over 3 million and became a logistical nightmare

for the Wehrmacht (German Army). Many of these Soviet

prisoners were subsequently shot, but many were marched

west into Poland and other controlled territories for internment

in the German camp system. SS (Schutzstaffel) Chief

Heinrich Himmler had actually drafted plans to build a prisoner

camp in the eastern city of Lublin before the invasion

of June 1941. This was in anticipation of the Germanization

of the captured eastern territories, a process that required

many workers and involved the displacement of the current

inhabitants, followed by resettlement of the vacant land with

German citizens. A site was chosen near the Lublin township

of Majdan Tatarski, from whence was derived the name

Majdanek, as the camp would be known after WWII, but the

original name of the new prisoner camp was Das Konzentrationslager

der Waffen-SS Lublin — The Concentration Camp


Figure 2. Map of the

Majdanek concentration

camp. Courtesy of U.S.

Holocaust Memorial


of the Weapons-SS Lublin, usually shortened to KL Lublin

(Figure 1). Since the end of the war, it has generally been

called the Majdanek concentration camp.

Due to the large number of Soviet prisoners of war

(POWs), the initial capacity of KL Lublin specified by Himmler

was 50,000 inmates, with a later expansion to include

an additional 200,000 inmates. Soviet and Polish POWs built

the original camp and became the first permanent prisoners.

Later, additional Polish POWs (mostly Jewish), political

prisoners, intelligentsia, and other “undesirables” were

incarcerated in the camp, similar to the permanent inmate

population at KL Auschwitz. The flimsy barracks built by the

Soviet prisoners were constructed of thin wooden planks

that provided no insulation and had windows set in the roof.

The camp was organized into numerous compounds, the

functions of which would vary as the war progressed (Figure

2). There was also a women’s concentration camp (Frauenkonzentrationslager)

established to house around 5,000 female

prisoners, and a section for prisoners working in the

SS-owned manufacturing factories. These were in addition

to half a dozen subcamps controlled through the main camp,

including the DAW (Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke — German

Equipment Works) subcamp on Lindenstrasse (Lipowa) in

Lublin, which is the subject of “Food packages, etc., should

be addressed to Camp Lipowa 7,” published on page 318 of

this issue.

Prisoners from over 30 nationalities would eventually

be interned in KL Lublin, including those from Belgium,

Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Greece, the Netherlands,

Norway, Sweden, and the United States. The Germans even

imprisoned Italian soldiers after the surrender of Italy to the

Allies. Over half of the camp’s population was represented

by Poles, with Soviet prisoners making up about 20% of the

total. As an extermination camp, KL Lublin was eventually

equipped with two gas chambers utilizing Zyklon B and a

total of seven crematoria, all fully operational by fall of 1943.

These were used primarily in the “processing” of Polish Jews

living in southeastern Poland. Ultimately, the camp became

notorious for its harsh conditions, and especially among the

Jewish prisoners, KL Lublin was considered a much worse

destination than KL Auschwitz. One survivor, Jewish prisoner

Rudy Vrba who was transferred from KL Lublin to Auschwitz,

recounts, “Nobody who stayed in Majdanek survived.”



Like the other concentration camps under the German

IKL (Inspektion der Konzentrationslager), mail both to and

from the inmates in KL Lublin was officially sanctioned, as

was Schutzstaffel policy. Each camp had its own set of rules

and regulations regarding mail, but almost all of them allowed

the non-Jewish prisoners to write and receive letters.

This was in no way intended to be of benefit to the prisoners,

but was instead a device used by the SS to control the inmate

populations and manage public perception of the German

concentration camp system. The mail system facilitated the

cover story that the camps were perfectly benign and that

the prisoners were well-treated. By allowing the prisoners to

write censored letters, the SS furthered this illusion and at

the same time used the mail system to advance their goals

for mass murder.

At KL Lublin, like the other German camps, Jewish

prisoners were not allowed to write or receive letters except

during certain planned mail operations (Briefaktions), and

prisoners who were chosen for these operations were usually

murdered. These deceptive mail operations consisted of

forcing inmates to write cards that were later posted outside

the camps after the writers had already been sent to the gas

chambers. There appears to be no surviving mail from the

Soviet POWs who made up the early inmate population of

KL Lublin, so it is safe to assume that they were also under a

postal ban. The first mail observed in relation to KL Lublin

inmates is from February 1943. Prior to this time, KL Lublin

inmates (including the large initial population of Soviet

POWs) were not allowed to write or receive mail, a decision

likely made by the camp administration.

Surviving mail sent to and from KL Lublin is not plentiful

relative to some other camps in the German system,

as the window between the first mail observed in February

1943 and the evacuation of the camp in July 1944 was

only 17 months. Most mail sent by prisoners in KL Lublin

consisted of postal cards with innocuous messages and information

cards regarding the receipt of packages. Later in

the camp’s history, neutral letter sheets and envelopes were

also used. Other than the information cards, there was no

specific preprinted stationary, i.e., containing a printed camp

name, used as has been observed in other concentration

camps, such as KL Auschwitz.

Outgoing Mail

The scarce generic preprinted postal card depicted in Figure

3, unusual in that it has been found used only from KL

Lublin, features a standard list of IKL rules, including ones

specifying the sending and receipt of letters and parcels, e.g.,

“Money, photographs, and pictures in letters are forbidden”

and “Obscure or illegible letters will be destroyed.” The name

and address of the camp are not printed on the card, but the

CDC (circular date cancel) reveals its origin as Lublin. The

Polish Red Cross (PCK) cachet stamped on the front, commonly

seen on KL Lublin mail, was not placed by the camp

administration but added later to outgoing mail by the Polish

Red Cross. The PCK was mostly involved with the delivery

of food parcels to KL Lublin, which was allowed by the

SS in part because there was simply not enough food in the

camp to support the inmate population. Why they added a

cachet to outgoing mail is unknown, but the SS probably allowed

it as a “seal of approval.” The PCK cachet is unique

to KL Lublin. The 12 Gr (groschen) stamp paid the General

Government (Generalgouvernement, the military government

of the Polish-occupied territory) postal card rate.

The reverse of the card in Figure 3 features a KL Lublin

censor mark. Note that the text is written in Polish, which

was generally not allowed in any of the camps, as German

was usually required. This deviation from IKL regulations

has been observed on many KL Lublin inmate mail objects

and is peculiar to this camp. It was also a privilege allowed

only to political prisoners. This card was posted to the city

of Lublin and written by Stanisław Zelent, a bridge and road

engineer who fought first in the Polish Army and then as a

partisan. He was arrested in March 1942, sent by the Gestapo

Figure 3. Generic KL postal card with CDC (circular date cancel) of March 7,

1944, sent by prisoner Stanisław Zelent to the city of Lublin.


(German Secret State Police) to Pawiak prison in Warsaw,

and was later transferred to KL Lublin. He escaped the

camp shortly before it was evacuated in 1944. Zelent was

involved with the camp resistance organization, and was

especially commended after the war for the aid he gave

sick or injured Jewish prisoners.

More commonly observed from KL Lublin are information

cards such as the one in Figure 4. These were generally

used to confirm the receipt of packages inside the

camp and inform family members outside that the prisoner

was “well.” The front has a mark applied by Censor 4

and a typical cachet indicating the frequency for the sending

of letters (once a month in this example) and parcels.

The camp administration became more lenient about the

delivery of parcels as the war progressed because of constant

food shortages. The reverse is printed in Polish, and

additional text was not allowed except on the blank lines.

The word blacked-out in the upper left-hand corner is

“Majdanek”; the strike-through of the name “Majdanek”

specifically has been observed often enough on information

cards that I deduce that the administration at times

preferred that the camp only be called KL Lublin.

Regular official government postal cards were also

used by the prisoners, as they were in most of the German

camps. The card in Figure 5 was written by a female inmate

and sent to the small town of Landsmierz in southern

Poland. The black ink on the reverse likely indicates

the date of arrival, November 28, 1943. Figure 6 shows

a postal stationary card sent to Sniatyn, Kolomyia, now

part of western Ukraine, but at the time within the General

Government. The prisoner, Roman Langert, was born

Figure 4. Information card confirming package receipt sent by a

prisoner on January 22, 1944. Note the return address of Konz. Lag.

der Waffen-SS Lublin I, and the use of lightning bolts in place of “SS.”

Figure 5 (left). Official postal card sent by

female inmate Sofia Kotecka with CDC of

November 25, 1943.

Figure 6 (right). Postal stationary card

sent by inmate Roman Langert with CDC

of December 14, 1943.


in Lviv, Ukraine, and was arrested for his

involvement in the resistance movement.

He was evacuated to other concentration

camps before the liberation of KL Lublin

but managed to survive the war.

The neutral postal card in Figure 7,

sent at the regular 6 Pf (pfennig) rate, was

used as part of the ongoing Briefaktion des

RHSA (Juden) — Mail Action of the Reich

Main Security Office (Jews) — that began

in August 1942 and also included Jewish

inmates at KL Auschwitz. This card was

written by a Jewish Czech inmate and

originally addressed to a relative in the

Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia,

but later was routed to a new address in

Austria. The card was cancelled on June 4,

1943, and the cachet indicates that replies

should be sent only to the Jewish Office

in Berlin. Note that the return address

is Majdanek Lublin I Arbeitslager (work

camp) and does not include “KL” or

“Konzentrationslager.” This is typical of Briefaktion mail, and

similar return addresses are observed from KL Auschwitz

using imaginary camp names such as “Arbeitslager Birkenau”

(Labor Camp Birkenau) or “Am Waldsee.” The prisoner who

wrote this card had likely been sent to the gas chambers well

before the cancel was applied in Berlin.

Figure 7. Official postal card written by Jewish inmate Jarka Červinka in Majdanek Lublin I

“Arbeitslager,” sent at the normal German 6 Pf rate, and cancelled on June 4, 1943, as part

of an SS Briefaktion. Image from the collection of Gianfranco Moscati, Italy.

Besides information and postal cards, preprinted lettercards

were also used by the prisoners in KL Lublin. Figure 8

is an example of the common preprinted lettercard used in

many of the German concentration camps, written by a prisoner

in subcamp Waffen SS Lindenstrasse DAW. This subcamp

was originally established in Lublin as a work camp

Figure 8. Generic KL lettercard with CDC of June 1, 1944, written by inmate Br(uno) Franckiewicz in subcamp (Lublin

KL g.g.) Waffen SS Lindenstrasse DAW.


for Jews in 1939 and later

came under the administration

of KL Lublin.

The prisoner who wrote

this lettercard, Br(uno)

Franckiewicz, was likely

a replacement transferred

to Lindenstrasse

DAW from either KL

Buchenwald, Dachau, or

Sachsenhausen in early

1944, after the Jewish inmates

of the camp were

murdered in the Aktion

Erntefest mass-killings.

Aktion Erntefest (Operation

Harvest Festival),

initiated by the SS on November

3, 1943, resulted

in the deaths of approximately

42,000 Jews in the

Lublin area, including

those in the Lindenstrasse

DAW. Almost all of the Jews in Lublin were rounded up

and killed during Harvest Festival; many were forced to lie

in open trenches dug at one end of the main KL Lublin

camp and then were machine-gunned where they lay. Loud

marching music was played by the SS guards to cover up

the screams. Operation Harvest Festival was the worst single

day for loss of life during the Holocaust.

The generic lettercard in Figure 9 was written in German

by a Norwegian prisoner and posted on July 21, 1944, two

days before the liberation of KL Lublin by the Soviet Army.

In addition to censor marks on both sides, this lettercard was

also marked along the bottom front edge with a partial German

OKW (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht — High Command

of the Armed Forces) censor cachet for mail addressed

outside Das Reich. This is somewhat unusual, as KL Lublin

was a Waffen-SS camp, and normally foreign mail would be

censored through an SS Feldpost office. This lettercard has

also been treated on both sides with chemical swipes to check

for the presence of text written in secret ink, e.g., lemon juice,

which was standard APB (Auslandsbriefprüfstellen — Foreign

Mail Inspection) procedure used for foreign mail. This lettercard

is currently the latest prisoner postal object observed

from KL Lublin.

Figure 10 shows the inside of another example of the

common KL lettercard with a special label pasted at the top.

These labels are occasionally seen on concentration camp

mail and are usually the result of a change in rules regarding

the receipt of mail and packages. The one known special

Figure 9. Generic KL lettercard with CDC of July 21, 1944, one day

before evacuation of KL Lublin, written by Norwegian prisoner Knud

Jensen. This prisoner had previously spent time in subcamp Waffen

SS Lindenstrasse DAW, but was transferred to the main camp before


Figure 10. Generic KL lettercard written by a Polish political prisoner

in KL Lublin on March 13, 1944 and featuring an attached special



label used at KL Lublin was unusual in that it was printed

in Polish on one side and German on the reverse. It lists

rules regarding time periods for the sending of letters and

packages, and instructions concerning packing material.

This card was written in Polish, almost certainly by a political


Incoming Mail

Incoming mail has also survived from KL Lublin. The

parcel receipt shown in Figure 11 is a typical example of

a surviving piece and is evidence of the large number of

food packages delivered to the camp during its existence.

The Polish Red Cross was instrumental in the negotiations

that led to the camp administration allowing an expanded

delivery of parcels to KL Lublin. By some estimates, between

March 1943 and May 1944, over 100,000 parcels

were delivered to the camp.

Cards and letters mailed to prisoners in the camp

have also been observed, but far less than outgoing mail,

in part because preserving letters in the harsh conditions

of the camps was difficult. In some camps the prisoners

had to hand in their old letters in order to receive new

ones. Of particular interest is the incoming postal stationary

card shown in Figure 12, which is addressed to Irena

Iłłakowicz, who was a Second Lieutenant of the NSZ (National

Armed Forces) Polish resistance movement and an

intelligence agent (Figure 13). Both Irena and her husband

Jerzy Iłłakowicz joined the Polish resistance movement in

1939 and spent the next several years dodging the Gestapo

in Poland, with Irena adopting the nom de guerre “Barbara

Zawisza.” She was eventually arrested by the Gestapo

on October 7, 1942, and sent to Pawiak prison in Warsaw.

Because of the dangers associated with Pawiak, her

husband bribed the guards there and had her transferred

into a group of non-political prisoners being sent to KL

Lublin, thus deflecting attention from her intelligence activities.

Sometime after receiving the card in Figure 12,

Irena made a daring escape from the camp with the help

Figure 11. Parcel receipt for package posted to a Polish prisoner in

KL Lublin, January 13, 1944. The cachet applied in the middle reads:

“delivery fee paid.”

Figure 12. Incoming postal stationary card addressed to prisoner

Irena Iłłakowicz with city of Lublin CDC of February 23, 1943, and

no return address. This card was written in Polish by her mother

and probably posted in Lublin by partisan operatives to protect her

whereabouts from the Gestapo. The censor mark confirms that the

card was accepted into the camp.


Fight and Martyrdom designed by Auschwitz survivor Wiktor Tolkin and built on

grounds of Majdanek State Museum in 1969. Photo credit to Lukas Plewnia, courtesy

Irena Iłłakowicz, code-name: “Barbara.” Courtesy of

Archiwum i Muzeum Pomorskie Armii Krajowej oraz

Wojskowej Służby Polek, the Pomeranian Archives and

Museum of the Home Army and the Military Service of

Polish Women.

of a group of NSZ partisans. Using falsified documents and

Gestapo uniforms, they brazenly came to the camp gates and

demanded custody of prisoner Irena Iłłakowicz for transport

back to Warsaw and further interrogation. It is highly likely

that the card in Figure 12 was in Irena’s pocket as she walked

out the main gate; otherwise, its survival is difficult to explain.

Irena then resumed her work with the NSZ, becoming

involved with surveillance operations against the Soviets,

who planned to bring all of Poland under their control after

the war. On October 4, 1943, Irena was murdered in Warsaw

at age 37, possibly by the NKVD (Soviet secret police) or the

PPR (Polish Workers Party). Her husband and mother, to

avoid identification and arrest by Gestapo agents, attended

her funeral disguised as cemetery workers.


On July 23, 1944, KL Lublin was liberated by elements

of the 8th Tank Corps of the Red Army (Figure 14). Evacuation

of the main camp and the subcamps had begun several

months earlier, with prisoners dispersed by rail transport

to KL Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen, Gross Rosen, Natzweiler,

Plaszow, and Ravensbrück. There were only about 500 Soviet

POWs left in the camp at liberation. This was the first German

concentration camp liberated during the war, and the

Russians were mystified as to its function, believing that they

had liberated a simple POW camp.

The exact number of people killed at KL Lublin is still

controversial, with estimates ranging from 78,000 to 300,000

or more. Because many Jews killed in the gas chambers were

never officially registered into the camp, it is impossible to

establish the actual death toll, but it was clearly significant

for a camp that operated for only three years. Currently, the

best-accepted estimate is 79,000, of which 59,000 were Jewish.

At least half the camp, including some of the original

crematoria, is still standing today, and in 2016 the Majdanek

State Museum received over 200,000 visitors.

It is important to recognize that each of the KL Lublin

postal objects shown in this article is bound up with the

fate of a single individual. We know for certain that some

of these prisoners did not survive the war. These cards and

letters typically reside in family archives for many years, and

then, for a variety of reasons, find their way to the philatelic

market or the occasional museum. Not surprisingly, I have

found that the best custodians of this material are stamp

collectors, who seem to have an innate appreciation of the

important history they embody. Letters from prisoners interned

in the German concentration camps are like small

bits of stone that, when combined, help form a large bedrock

of evidence of Nazi crimes committed during the twelveyear

reign of the “Thousand-Year Reich.”

References and Further Reading

Lørdahl, Erik. German Concentration Camps, 1933–1945, History

and Inmate Mail (Tårnåsen, Norway: War and Philabooks Ltd.;

Version 6, 2012).

Marsałek, Józef. Majdanek: the Concentration Camp in Lublin (Warsaw:

Verlag Interpress; 1986).

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

Weinmann, Martin. Das nationalsozialistische Lagersystem

(Frankfurt/M., Germany: Verlag Zweitausendeins; 1990).

The Author

J. S. Sawyer is a cancer researcher living in New

Mexico. He collects, exhibits, and writes about the mail

system in the German concentration camps, 1933–1945.

He is a member of the Society of Israel Philatelists.


Food packages, etc.,

should be addressed to Camp Lipowa 7


In my forty years of collecting and researching

Holocaust-era postal items, I have found only

one ghetto request card with a printed address

(Figures 1 and 2). Collectors of Holocaust-era philately

will know that the overwhelming majority of

cards sent from the ghettos contained very neutral

messages; a standard request card from the ghetto

was preprinted by the ghetto government and directed

to a family, requesting packages, food and

money be sent to their relative in the ghetto. Usually,

ghetto request cards did not have a preprinted

address, but a written address. This unusual card led

me to discover a little-known subcamp of KL Lublin

(Majdanek), a concentration camp commonly held

to be as deadly as Auschwitz, and the topic of “Prisoner

Mail System in KL Lublin/Majdanek” on page

310 of this issue. This address is Lipowa 7, which

was a park in the Polish city of Lublin before it was

turned into a labor camp by the Schutzstaffel (SS) in


On September 1, 1939, Nazi Germany attacked

Poland, effectively beginning the Second World War.

Poland’s ill-equipped army was no match for the

overwhelming power of the Wehrmacht. On September

18, German forces entered the eastern city of Lublin,

meeting with minimal resistance. Within days,

the city succumbed to the German forces. Hundreds

of Polish soldiers were taken prisoner, many of them

Jews. The Nazis took 7 Lipowa Street, (Figure 3), at

that time a large park and athletic field, and created

a forced labor camp (Lipowa Street was renamed

Lindenstrasse). In October, several hundred Polish

and Jewish prisoners of war were forced to build

a camp on Lipowa Street with barracks and workshops.

A ghetto was organized in another part of

Lublin into which all Jews were forced to move, and

an administrative body, the Judenrat (Jewish council),

was established to “govern” the ghetto under the

Nazi authority.

In November, SS-Gruppenführer Odilo Globocnik

(who would be executed after the war for war

crimes) took control of the ghetto and organized

the workshops and factories at Lipowa 7. The workshops

consisted of tailors, shoemakers, carpenters

and watchmakers. In addition, small factories were

erected to make tulle (fine mesh net fabric) and boxes.

The laborers initially lived in the ghetto and com-

Figure 1. This ghetto request card from the Judenrat (“Jewish council” -

the ghetto governing body) in Lublin is addressed to the Hirszfeld family

in the Litzmannstadt ghetto (formerly, Łódź). The handwriting in green

says “They received the card, are well.” The stamp was torn off to look for

hidden messages.

Figure 2. The reverse side of the request card in Figure 1. The writing in

green is a name, Lili, and specific address. The translation reads:

To the family Hirszfeld Litzmannstadt

Hirszfeld, Marceli-Oskar is now located in Lublin, he is healthy and he

greets you via our agency.

Letters, Money transfers, food and clothing packages, etc., should be

addressed to the Judenrat Lublin, Camp Lipowa 7.

Lublin, Feb. 7, 1941.

Judenrat in Lublin. Reporting and Information Office


Figure 3. A picture post card of the park and athletic field at Lipowa

7 before WWII.

muted to the camp, taking their own tools with them. However,

in the summer of 1940, the SS confined the laborers to

the camp barracks, because many of the workers did not show

up to work when they were supposed to or sent someone in

their place.

First and foremost, Lipowa 7 was a work and penal camp

for Polish and Jewish prisoners. Lipowa 7 also occasionally

functioned as a transit camp where Nazis gathered slave laborers

before shipping them off to other labor outposts. Due

to overcrowding, some transports arriving at the camp resulted

either in immediate work-selections or death for the

prisoners not fit to work. Only prisoners capable of working

were allowed to stay in Lipowa.

In December 1940 the SS Company Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke

(DAW — German Equipment Works) or DAW

Lindenstrasse (Lipowa Street) took over Lipowa 7. DAW was

a German defense contractor with headquarters in Berlin,

owned and operated by the Schutzstaffel. It consisted of a

network of factories and camp workshops across Germanoccupied

Europe, exploiting the prisoner slave labor from

all Nazi concentration camps. This firm maintained the

craft workshops in Lipowa 7. The slaves in Lipowa were also

farmed out to other SS factories for work.

In July 1941, Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler visited

Lublin. One result of this visit was the transfer in October

1941 of several hundred prisoners from Lipowa 7 to work

on the construction of the concentration camp at KL Lublin.

Another group of Lipowa camp inmates was employed at the

construction of the Flugplatz (Airfield) labor camp. After the

commencement of Aktion Reinhardt, in which mass-killing

extermination camps, including Treblinka and Bełżec, were

built in Poland, Lipowa laborers had to unload and sort the

goods brought directly from death camps. Aktion Reinhardt

was a result of the Wannsee Conference in January 1942,

which developed the “Final Solution”: the wholesale destruction

of Jewish people in Europe.

Poor access to provisions within Lipowa 7 forced prisoners

employed outside the camp to attempt to smuggle food

inside. There were also incidents of stealing from the camp

warehouses which, when detected, were punished by execution.

The meager provisions available to Lipowa 7 inmates

were to some extent supplemented with parcels sent to individual

families within the ghetto, which stopped arriving

after the outbreak of the Soviet-German conflict in June of

1941. In May and June of 1941, 2,550 and 2,316 parcels respectively

were sent to Lipowa 7. In August, only 335 packages

were received. The entirety of Lublin’s correspondence,

postal orders, and parcels were delivered by the Postal Department,

which was operated by the Lublin Judenrat under

Nazi direction.

Supplies and money were very hard to obtain in the

ghetto. The Judenrat had to reach outside the city to help

supplement the supplies. As with other ghettos, the Judenrat

administration of the Lublin ghetto sent out post cards to

family members in other towns and cities asking for funds

or packages to be sent to ghetto inmates. As printed on the

card in Figures 1 and 2, packages would be received at the address

Camp Lipowa 7. The sender of the request card, Marceli

Hirszfeld, from Łódź (renamed Litzmannstadt in 1940), had

been a soldier in the Polish army. At the time of his writing,

he had been captured and sent to Lipowa 7. The request card,

addressed to Marceli’s family in the Litzmannstadt ghetto, is

preprinted with a neutral message. Translated, the preprinted

text reads:

To the family

_________ is now located in Lublin, he is healthy

and he greets you via our agency.

Letters, Money transfers, food and clothing packages,

etc., should be addressed to the Judenrat Lublin,

Camp Lipowa 7.

Other surviving pieces of postal history from Lipowa 7

tell familiar stories for Holocaust-era historians. Figure 4

shows a package response card sent from Lipowa 7 by Rachmiel

Spring, a Polish soldier from Łódź, to RELICO indicating

that he received the parcel of food. RELICO (Relief Committee

for the War Stricken Jewish Population) worked with

the International Committee of the Red Cross on a number

of relief efforts during World War II and after. One of

RELICO’s efforts was to send food packages to many Polish

ghettos and cities from its headquarters in Geneva. Included

in each package was a preprinted reply card, which when

returned would acknowledge receipt of the package and indicate

that the recipient was alive.

Figure 5 is a parcel receipt card addressed to Lipowa 7.

The package, addressed from the city of Tuchów, Poland, was

sent to Lindel Gzunberg, who was also a Polish soldier captured

and sent to Lipowa 7. The parcel receipt card informs

the addressee of an incoming package. The card in Figure 5

is dated August 25, 1941. By this time, incoming parcels to

Lublin were few, and supplements to the rations within the

ghetto and Lipowa 7 camp were trickling to a near-standstill.

In the early hours of the morning on the 3rd of November

1943, Aktion Erntefest (Operation Harvest Festival) was

carried out at KL Lublin and other camps in the Lublin area,

including the work camp on 7 Lipowa Street. The camps


Figure 4. An acknowledgement post card from Lipowa 7 inmate, Polish

soldier Rachmiel Spring. This card, mailed back to the relief organization

RELICO, indicates that the addressee received the package. In lower left,

note the hand stamp from the Judenrat in Lublin.

were surrounded by SS officers who marched the Jewish

prisoners out to the killing fields and arranged them in rows,

where they were forced to dig ditches for their own graves.

Then the soldiers shot the slave laborers. At the end of the

operation, over 42,000 Jews were killed.

As a result of the mass murder committed on Jewish prisoners,

Lipowa 7 was left devoid of a work force. In effect, the

production had to be halted, but previous work contracts

were still binding. Therefore, the DAW Company was reorganized

throughout the entire area of the Generalgouvernement

(General Government — the German zone of occupation).

In Lublin, only the workhouses at Lipowa 7 were reactivated,

and the camp was renamed as a branch of KL Lublin. It was

redesigned to serve as a workplace for 250 skilled craftsmen

and 1,500 unskilled workers, among them many French citizens.

The first transports of prisoners to be used as forced

labor for the newly reactivated camp were sent at the end

of January 1944 from concentration camps Sachsenhausen,

Dachau and Buchenwald. On February 1, 1944, camp production

officially restarted. Wooden and metal items as well

as baskets for grenades were manufactured here.

For the last months of its existence, Lipowa Camp was

an outer camp of KL Lublin with only a small group of prisoners

working there. On July 22, 1944, the camp was liquidated.

The remaining 229 inmates were sent to Auschwitz,

where they were murdered. Only one day later, July 23, 1944,

KL Lublin was liberated by the Red Army. The last concentration

camp would not be liberated until May 9, 1945, nearly

a year later.

Holocaust philately does not offer solace, nor does it

provide easy explanations to those who seek answers to this

tragedy. A single post card can only offer a small piece of insight

into the unique journeys of victims of the Nazi reign of

terror. Marceli Hirszfeld, Rachmiel Spring, Lindel Gzunberg.

Figure 5. This parcel receipt card is addressed to Lipowa 7;

receipt cards were used to alert the addressee of a package.

The card was mailed from Tuchów bei (at) Tarnów and dated

August 25, 1941. Note the double ring hand cancel, the

Brühl Palace, Warsaw, Generalgouvernement stamp, and the

“General Gouvernement” 50 Gr (groschen) overprint (1940)

on the Polish Edward Rydz-Śmigły 1937 definitive stamp.

The heavy responsibility of preserving and remembering

these lives is in our hands.

References and Further Resources

Webb, Chris. “Lipowa Street Camp.” Last modified July 2006. http://

“Memorial to the Victims of the Lipowa 7 Labor Camp.” http://chelm.

Chmielewski, Jakub. “Work Camp for Jews at 7 Lipowa Street in Lublin.”

Grodzka Gate – NN Theatre Centre.

Minars Esther (trans). “Lipowa Camp Labor Camp and Camp for

Jewish Prisoners of War in Lublin.” Last modified June 2011.

“Lublin — The Labour Camps.” Holocaust Education & Archive Research

Team. Last modified 2007.


Thank you to my friend Howard Weiss for his help with translation

and editing.

The Author

Justin Gordon started collecting stamps at age nine.

The cantor who taught Justin his Bar Mitzvah was a survivor

of Auschwitz and told him about his experiences. When

Gordon finished his training as an optometrist he started to

collect again. While attending a Chicago stamp show with

an exhibit on mail of the General Government of Poland,

Gordon saw mail from Warsaw Ghetto and Auschwitz, and

since then has collected Holocaust postal history. Gordon

published Holocaust Postal History: Harrowing Journeys Revealed

through the Letters and Cards of the Victims in 2016.


Remembrance, Connection, Witness:

The Making of a Holocaust Exhibit

The Lord is rebuilding Jerusalem; he gathers in the scattered sons of Israel. It is he who heals the broken in

spirit and binds up their wounds, he who numbers the stars one by one.” — Number the Stars qtd. Psalms 147: 2-4.

In 2009, Charlotte Sheer’s fifth grade students at Foxborough

Regional Charter School read the best-selling children’s

book Number the Stars by Lois Lowry, in which a

young Danish girl helps smuggle Danish Jewish families out

of German-occupied Denmark during WWII. A key line in

the book, “[The Lord] gathers in the scattered sons of Israel . .

. he who numbers the stars one by one,” spurred a project that

would span eight years and bring together

thousands of people in a common goal:

honoring the innocent lives destroyed by

the Nazi’s reign of terror with stamps.

The students began with a goal of collecting

6 million stamps, to represent the

6 million Jewish victims of the Holocaust,

and then revised their goal to 11 million

postage stamps. The number, reports

Charlotte Sheer, “represents 6 million

Jews, including 1.5 million children, and

5 million others in 21 European countries

who were annihilated by Hitler’s ruthless

regime in Nazi Germany.”

Charlotte Sheer’s class planned to collect

the stamps as an enrichment activity.

The Holocaust Stamps Project quickly became

a shared project for the entire school



community of kindergarten through grade

12 students – and the response was overwhelming.

Volunteers in the Foxboro,

Massachusetts, community, donated thousands

of hours of time to helping to cut stamps off paper, and

individuals and organizations from 48 states and 24 countries

gathered and donated used postage stamps.

Not only did the Foxborough students collect 11 million

stamps, but they also designed and created 18 (the numerals

of which in Hebrew also spell chai, “life”) stamp art collages.

The collages were paired with civics and history lessons that

Foxborough students of all ages collaborated on 18 stamp collages. Each represents

a different unique story. Kristallnacht commemorates the Night of Broken Glass, an

organized attack on Jews carried out on November 9, 1938. Kristallnacht is considered by

many to be a trigger event for the Holocaust.

Immortal Butterfly honors the memories

of those who suffered and died in

the Terezin, Czechoslovakia, ghetto/

concentration camp. The poem “The

Butterfly” is inscripted on the collage –

its poet, Pavel Friedman, did not survive

the Holocaust.

familiarized students with the events of the

Holocaust and its impact, which spread like

a wave across the world.

In 2017, Foxborough Regional Charter

School received final donations that pushed

them over their 11-million stamp goal. By

2018, with their project completed and 18

collages finished, the school celebrated the

accomplishment of visually representing,

and honoring the memories of, the six million

Jews and five million other ‘enemies of

the Nazi state’ who were killed.

And now the finished Holocaust Stamps

Project has found a new home at the American

Philatelic Society.

A New Home — Creating an Exhibit

In the fall of 2019, APS Executive Director Scott English

and Chief Content Officer Thomas Loebig traveled to

Massachusetts to meet the Foxborough students and Jamie

Droste, who worked with Charlotte Sheer to coordinate the

Holocaust Stamps Project after Sheer’s retirement. Their trip

is the subject of Scott English’s “Our Story” column from December

2019. When Scott and Tom returned to the American

Philatelic Center in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, their van

was filled with nearly half of the 11 million stamps and artworks;

a second trip by Building Manager Fred Fox brought

the remainder back.

The American Philatelic Society formed a Holocaust

Stamps Project committee, under the direction of Education

director, Dr. Cathy Brachbill, which would design and put

together a permanent exhibit for the Holocaust Stamps Project,

preserving the successful completion of a truly unique

educational initiative, honoring the students’ goal to gain a

deeper understanding of acceptance, tolerance, and respect

for diversity in their own daily lives, and preserving also the

11 million stamps in storage from Foxborough Regional Charter

School. The stamps will be displayed behind a large glass panel at

the center of the exhibit.

stories of every person who was moved to donate in support

of the Project.

The committee also developed a second, parallel goal: to

shape the exhibit around the history of the Holocaust, using

resources that are unique to the American Philatelic Society.

Whereas the Holocaust Stamps Project represents remem-


This space in the American Philatelic Center, Bellefonte,

will be devoted to the exhibit of Holocaust-era

postal history items, many of the stamp collages by

Foxborough students, and a display of the 11 million

stamps. Visitors will be guided through the exhibit with

the help of informational displays.

The Holocaust Exhibit planning committee meets in late February.

Committee members include APS volunteer Darlene Bloom, APS staff

members Dr. Cathy Brachbill, Erin Seamans, Marian Mills, Susanna Mills,

Heidi Rhoades, Kathleen Edwards, and Fred Fox, and Content intern Jo

Chen (Penn State University).

brance, recognition, and a present-day pledge to combat

intolerance, the American Philatelic Society is uniquely situated

to provide evidence and education in the form of irrefutable

postal history. The committee reached out to prominent

Holocaust-era philatelists, including Justin Gordon, Keith

Stupell, and Ken Lawrence, and drew upon philatelic exhibits,

books, and articles to develop a postal history exhibit

that would complement the Holocaust Stamps Project materials.

The committee also worked with local Jewish leaders

and historians from Penn State University to develop guidelines

for the exhibit.

These two purposes for the exhibit shaped many of the

committee’s decisions that followed. Visitors to the American

Philatelic Center after the exhibit’s opening in June will

witness that unfathomable tragedy as represented by the 11

million stamps that were collected by the Foxborough Regional

Charter School students. You will see a timeline of

the events of the Holocaust and the spread of concentration

camps and ghettos across Europe, with postal cards, information

cards, and other surviving remnants of postal history

connected to the dates and locations. You will bear witness

to individual victims of the Nazis, many of whom would die

in the concentration camps, through a single piece of paper

that may be the only remaining evidence of their lives. You

will also see this history carried forward into the future,

through the connections forged by Foxborough students

with survivors, family and friends of Holocaust victims, and

individuals moved by the project to contribute.

To that point, below are a few excerpts from the letters

received by Foxborough students in the course of their project.

It may come as no surprise to you that many of the stamp

donations were paired with testimonials of even greater value

to the students – and now, to us.

Dear Students,

My great aunt, Mindl Kotel, was killed by the

Nazis in front of her home, along with her husband

and three children ages 11, 8 and 5.

I saved five of the prettiest stamps and am putting

them with a page showing the truncated family


Thank you for remembering Mindl, Pinya, Vladimir,

Abram and Bronya, along [with] the other 11

million killed in the Holocaust.

S. Radbil

Dear students,

. . . Some [stamps] are from my piano teacher . .

. [Her name] was Gabriella Kottler and I will never

forget the number burned on her arm from when she

was in the camps. One Christmas, she came to our

house for dinner with her husband and ended up

telling us her story. I vividly remember her telling us

how they wanted to break her as she was a strong

woman. Gabriella persevered, even when they took

her shoes and made her stand in line in the snow.

There was not a sound around the dinner table for

over an hour.

J. Flynn


I am sending you 100 Australian stamps, in

memory of my maternal grandparents, Dolec and

Jozefa Lurie. Both were survivors of concentration

camps, and along with Dolec’s brother, were

the only members of both families combined to live

through the Holocaust. They were newly-weds before

the war, and were reunited afterwards in a

displaced person’s camp in Trani, Italy. They chose

to emigrate to Australia, and lived there the rest of

their lives.

M. Cole

Last summer, I learned that my great-uncle Dan

had helped liberate Belsen. He had about ten photographs

from within the camp with him, which he


Figure 6. These stamps were donated by a woman whose family tree was broken by the Nazis;

each stamp represents a family member.

showed me briefly.

Later last summer, Uncle Dan was put in hospital due

to dementia. No one seems to know what became of his


There is one photo in particular that haunts me — that

of a very pretty young woman, naked and twisted, dead on

the ground.

Now — am I the only one who can remember her?

Who was she? Who were her family? Are they still looking

for her? Where will she go if I too forget her? When I

die — will she die again, too? What was her name?

What was her crime?


My Lord

I pray that these never end,

The sand and the sea,

The rush of the waters,

The light of the heavens,

The prayer of the heart.

Over the course of nine years, the students of Foxborough did

more than just collect 11 million stamps — they created a movement

that touched the world community. The American Philatelic Society

is grateful for their work, for those who freely shared their stories, and

for the responsibility of preserving — and building upon — these efforts.

We hope you will join us at the American Philatelic Center and

bear witness to these stories with us.

The poem “A Walk to Caesarea,” also known as Eli Eli, was

written by Hannah Szenes, who was killed in 1944 after

refusing to give up details about her mission to rescue

Hungarian Jews from deportation to Auschwitz. The

English translation is at left.




Blockers You Say?

I’ll apologize in advance for the fact this month’s column

may not be as visually interesting as most have been in

the past, but I felt it important to call attention to a fairly

short-lived and almost unknown form of postal history that

is all but ignored by modern specialists, yet represents an

important stepping stone in the modernization of the mail

system. I’m speaking of the all-but-forgotten barcode blocker.

Almost without exception, technological advances bring

new challenges and obstacles that must be overcome. This is

certainly no different in the world of mail processing.

By the late 1980s, the United States Postal Service’s stated

goal was to have all mail barcoded by 1995. Barcodes, which

appear at the bottoms of envelopes, are a series of tall and

short lines that contain encoded binary information that

spells out the delivery address of a mail piece in ZIP Code

form (both five-digit and the more specific ZIP+4). Although

ZIP+4 was introduced in 1983, it was not popular

with most customers, so was never required (unlike the fivedigit

ZIP), but it did allow for much more specific targeting

of a delivery address, as does the later ZIP+4+2, which takes

a piece to the delivery point.

When an envelope travels through a multiline optical

character reader (MLOCR), the ZIP Code is read, encrypted

and applied to the envelope in the form of the barcode (usually

by ink jet). This level of automation allows an item to

travel through the mail with minimal manual handling to its

(hopefully) correct destination. But things happen.

As the USPS moved closer to universal barcoding in its

march towards postal progress, businesses began printing

their delivery-point barcodes on envelopes that were to be

returned to them. This greatly sped up delivery. But when

these envelopes were recycled for other purposes it caused

mail delivery issues.

The 1993 cover shown in Figure 1 was created as a window

envelope for billed payments sent to the Rochester (N.Y.)

Gas and Electric Corporation. Intended as a convenience

for consumers, the barcode was preprinted. The individual

who used this envelope to send mail to a different address

thought to cover the address window, but left the barcode

untouched. As a result, it didn’t matter what the handwritten

address said: the envelope was delivered to Rochester Gas

& Electric. Once there, it was opened at top and right to extract

the non-existent payment. Once it was determined the

mail was destined elsewhere, the cover was taped shut and

the “Missent” handstamp added. The printed barcode was

marked out and the cover went on its way where (this time)

the handwritten delivery ZIP Code was encoded on a label

applied over the scribbled-out marking.

Similarly, the 1995 cover shown in Figure 2 took a detour

to the Disabled American Veterans (DAV), an organization

that was known to send out stamped return envelopes for

many years as a means of soliciting donations. In this case,

the sender placed labels over the printed address, but did not

obscure the barcode. So, like the Figure 1 cover, this item

took a detour. It was sent to Cincinnati (DAV headquarters),

opened, resealed, printed ZIP Code blacked out, marked

with a handstamped DAV “Opened by Mistake” marking

and re-mailed. In this case the cover was delivered without

Figure 1 (above). This 1993 envelope with a printed

barcode was used for a different purpose. Because

the user didn’t obliterate the barcode, it was

delivered in error to the company that created the


Figure 2 (right). DAV envelopes bearing stamps

have frequently been used by recipients to send

other mail. Unless the barcode is obliterated, those

envelopes end up in the DAV mailroom, where they

are opened, resealed and marked.


Figure 3. The simplest form of barcode obliteration is to simply

mark through an improper barcode.

Figure 5. Many of the simplest barcode blockers are opaque

handstamped markings.

an additional ZIP label being applied. As a side note, the cover

also picked up a fantastic alphabetical (A-Z) sprayed-on

inkjet postmark in Cincinnati.

It is somewhat telling that both organizations had enough

problems with non-intended use of their preprinted envelopes

(with barcodes) that they created their own private

auxiliary markings to explain the problem. They definitely

were not alone, as I’ve seen a number of similar examples

over the years.

But what about other mail processing problems, such as

improper ZIP Codes applied by mailers or other mail material

that was undeliverable for various reasons? As greater

numbers of sectional centers and large offices began using

more automated equipment, a problem began to develop:

Without something to block out bad barcoded ZIPs, mail

pieces could cycle endlessly through automated equipment.

After all, automated equipment is incapable of reading

“pointing finger” handstamps, and most offices found it too

labor-intensive to hand mark-out the offending barcode on

each piece, as was done on the 1989 postal card shown in

Figure 3, where the bar code is crossed out and the auxiliary

marking added.

From roughly 1989–96 or so, many different types of

barcode blockers were employed so that mail could be properly

handled and delivered or returned. The majority of barcode

blockers I’ve seen were applied to undeliverable mail,

allowing items to be kicked out of automated equipment and

handled manually. These markings are of specific interest to

us this month (rather than entire covers, although there are

other interesting markings as well), and therefore only the

markings themselves will be shown in most of the following


Obviously, the most direct form of barcode blocker is

simple obliteration, such as has been done by a grease pen

marking and returned to sender handstamp, both shown in

Figure 4.

Figure 5 shows a group of blockers that are nothing

more than what appears to be pieces of inked rubber, some

salvaged from other handstamp devices, and others looking

more like bits of repurposed inner tubing. The marking

shown in Figure 6 integrates the plain obliteration with an

auxiliary marking as well.

Another style, represented by the group of markings

Figure 4. Examples of manual barcode blocking

accomplished with grease pencil (top) and an auxiliary


Figure 6. This barcode blocker integrates a message with a plain



Figure 7. A number of barcode blockers included a series

of vertical lines.

shown in Figure 7, includes series of bars tall enough to negate

the barcode. The widths of the devices vary, but they

were apparently effective. The right two items in Figure 7

show a slight variation, a boxed series of bars and a fence

design. Neither of these have appeared as frequently.

Similarly, the markings shown in Figure 8 feature fields

of several rows of continuous “XXXX” or “XIXIXI” markings

to block the barcode. A variation of this type — again,

less frequently seen — is shown in Figure 9. The pattern here

incorporates the words “INCORRECT ZIP / BARCODE


Arguably, one of the most interesting types of barcode

blocker is seen in the examples in Figure 10 — a simple continuous

squiggly line handstamp, of which several types are


But the most specific type used on undeliverable mail includes

the various examples shown in Figure 11 — an “OCR”

contained in a universal ban symbol, with lines between to

obliterate the improper barcode. As you can see, a large variety

of these markings exist as well, including two variants,

shown at bottom. One simply includes an “X” in the ban

symbol, rather than the “OCR;” the other features an “OCS,”

which apparently stands for “optical character sorter.”

These markings were even advertised in various catalogs

that catered to post offices in the early 1990s. One could

order self-inking “bar-code cancelers,” such as is shown in

Figure 12.

But all good things must come to an end. As early as the

Figure 8. One of the more commonly used forms of barcode

blockers is a device made up of varying numbers of rows of a

simple repeating “X” or “XI” pattern, such as these.

Figure 9. A slightly more sophisticated version of the

Figure 8 marking included wording as well as the

repeating “XIXIXI” pattern.

Figure 10. A repeating squiggle design, typified by these

markings, proved to be an effective barcode blocker.


Figure 11. Variations of a specific form of marking containing (usually) an “OCR” inside a universal ban

symbol. These were also commercially marketed.

late 1980s some sectional centers began using labels with “MUM” designators. MUM

stands for “Miszipped Unzipped Mail,” to include everything with an improper barcode.

These labels, such as the one shown on the Figure 13 cover, were applied by automated

equipment and contained the correct destination address and ZIP (when available) and

correct barcode, making the item machinable. The adhesive on these labels is similar to

that on Post-it notes so they could be cleanly removed from the envelope.

In the short term, these labels began replacing barcode blockers, but they, too, were

ultimately replaced by the remote barcode system that now applies a corrected (again,

peel-able) label over the improper barcode and a fluorescent pink barcode on the reverse

of the cover showing the destination ZIP Code, whether it is corrected or returned to

sender. A recent example of one of these is shown in Figure 14, where the piece was

returned as non-deliverable, with the label containing the full 11-digit encoded address

of the sender (me).

If you have an interest in modern postal history, you may wish to begin a search for

examples of barcode blockers. While most will be very inexpensive, they are now more

challenging to find than you might think.

Figure 12. An advertisement from

a 1992 catalog that marketed

postmarking devices to post offices

features a “Barcode Canceller.”

Figure 13 (left). Although they existed simultaneously

for several years, the need for barcode blockers was

partially eliminated by automated MUM (Miszipped

Unzipped Mail) labels.

Figure 14 (right). Modern misdirected and nondeliverable

mail is handled by the USPS’ remote

barcode system that reads the address, corrects

the destination ZIP (or applies the return

address) and sends the mail piece on its way.


My Stamp Story: Brian Rogers

In 1960, I was the band director at a junior high school

in a rapidly growing Detroit suburb. A social studies

teacher colleague had a small philately business that

included subscriptions to a first day cover service.

I enrolled and got a cover of every new United States issue

from then until I left the district in 1963. The accumulated

covers subsequently lived quietly and undisturbed in a

home filing cabinet for more than half a century.

Life, you see, came along, manifested in children, a career

change, and a couple of dwelling changes. Before I knew

it, it was 2015 and I had retired. I was looking for things to


Simultaneously, my mobility had become severely restricted

by arthritis. I was able to get around only with an

electric mobility device, or “scooter.”

I had also developed a tremor that made my handwriting

nearly indecipherable. I needed to find an activity I could

perform seated, and I needed to find exercises that would

help me regain some of the fine muscle control in my hands.

I got a mail order handwriting practice book and a fountain

pen with a cartridge ink supply. Before long, by doing

the exercises in the workbook, my handwriting was becoming

a bit more readable. At times, dare I say, it could even

pass for attractive.

One day about this time, I came across the stack of first

day covers in the filing cabinet. I saw again they bore cachets

of varying appeal.

What might happen, I thought, if I tried combining my

developing penmanship skills with making cachets for first

day covers? At least I could add to the cover collection that

hadn’t gained new material since 1963.

I practiced handwriting every day, and when a new

stamp was issued by the United States Postal Service I ordered

a booklet or two from the USPS website. I began affixing

handwritten cachets to blank covers. Sometimes I’d scrap

some before I made one I thought was good enough to put a

stamp on and send to Stamp Fulfillment Services in Kansas

City for cancelling and return.

I wrote my name and address on removable labels for the

USPS to return the covers, so they’d be unaddressed when

placed in an album.

I began making covers for memorable events, too, for

• • • • •

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San Francisco Airport • April 24–26

USA Postal History Colonial to Prexies:

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Railroads, Confederates, Express, Possessions & Military


5 Glenbuck Road, Surbiton, Surrey KT6 6BS England

Phone: 011-4420-83909357

Your American Dealer in Britain





Find out why most collectors place

orders when they receive our lists.

We have the stamps you need at the prices you like.

Martin Winter

800 W. Willis Rd., Apt. 1045 • Chandler, AZ 85286


Established in 1960 APS Life Member


example, the air mail centennial in 2018. I

made several with one of the commemorative

stamps issued for the event that year.

My handwriting still is not great; and my

covers, I’m sure, will never be valuable. But

producing them has brought me the satisfaction

of making something historic, something

the sight of which might recall someday a person

or event worth remembering.

• • • • •



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• • • • •


Scott # Unused Used

1 $125.00

3 $75.00

3a $75.00

3b $200.00

4 $300.00

5 $275.00

5a $275.00

6 $800.00 $150.00

8 $220.00 $16.00

pen ccl $2.75

9 $60.00 $8.00

pen ccl $1.40

9a $20.00

9b $100.00

9c $27.50

20 wtrmk $2,000.00

10 $160.00 $40.00

pen ccl $1.40

10a $40.00

10b $160.00 $40.00

11 $67.50 $40.00

pen ccl $1.50

12 $40.00 $15.00

pen ccl $1.50

12a $32.50 $21.00

12b $17.50

13 $160.00 $70.00

pen ccl $6.75

14 $80.00 $20.00

pen ccl $1.50

14a $80.00 $20.00

14c $90.00

15-19 $370.00 $61.00

pen ccl $6.50

20-24 $100.00 $15.25

25-36 $121.00 $50.00

29a $10.00 $1.90

37-38 $2.20 $0.70

39-45 $35.50 $9.05

46-49 $1.65

50 $1.25 $0.75

50a $32.50 $24.00

50b $60.00

50c $90.00

50d $90.00

51-56 $18.90 $4.25

57 $2.60 $0.50

58 $0.50 $0.30

59 $0.50 $0.40

60 $0.60 $0.35

60a $20.00 $20.00

61 $2.25 $0.60

61a $50.00

62 $7.00 $4.50

63 $100.00

64 $0.70 $0.40

65 $11.00

66 $25.00 $10.00

67 $130.00 $0.70

67a $3.00

68-78 $35.00 $15.80

79-82 $6.20 $2.25

83-95 $20.50

83-97 $124.50

98-112 $180.85 $25.60

113-23 $23.80 $3.60

124 $0.60 $0.35

125 $17.50 $0.80

Back of the Book

Scott# Unused Used

AR1-5 35.00 65.00

Rev ccl 1.75

AR6-9 13.00 50.00

Rev ccl 3.00

AR10-12 7.50 11.00

Rev ccl 1.05

B1-2 8.00 4.00

B2a 10.00

B3-4,CB1-2 4.00 1.40

B5 0.60 0.35

B6 0.75 0.35

B7 0.40 0.35

B8-10 1.25 1.00

C1-5 375.00

C1 50.00

C3 75.00

C5 75.00

C6-8 152.00

C6 0.75 0.35

C6A 1.00 0.35

C6B 4.25 0.80

CHILE — from our HUGE stock of Latin America

Scott # Unused Used

126 $10.00

127-141 $119.35 $6.55

131a $1.25 $0.35

134a $1.75 $0.35

139a $50.00 $1.00

141ftnte $25.00

143-144 $0.80 $0.70

145 $2.00 $0.40

146-153 $25.75 $6.90

154 $2.00 $0.60

155 $1.40 $0.35

156 $0.60 $0.35

157 $0.35

158 $1.00 $0.35

159 $5.00 $0.35

160 $0.45

161 $9.75 $1.90

162 $0.35 $0.35

163 $0.50 $0.35

164 $2.00 $0.35

165 $0.35

166 $5.75 $0.35

167 $0.95 $0.35

168 $0.75 $0.35

169 $0.65 $0.35

170 $3.00 $0.35

171 $2.75 $0.35

172 $4.25 $0.35

173 $0.35

175-80 $11.95 $3.85

181 $1.00 $0.35

182 $1.50 $0.40

183-4 $1.75 $0.70

185 $1.60 $0.35

186-97 $35.70

198-209 $4.50 $4.20

210 $0.60 $0.35

211-5 $6.85 $5.00

217-27 $5.20 $3.50

228-32 $7.00 $5.90

233-7 $3.10 $1.95

238-9 $1.20 $0.70

240-3 $2.50 $1.65

244 $0.50 $0.35

245-6 $0.70 $0.70

247-8 $2.20 $0.80

249 $0.40 $0.35

250 $0.35 $0.35

251 $0.35 $0.35

252 $0.35 $0.35

253 $0.35 $0.35

254-5,C124 $155.00

254 singles $25.00 $25.00

255 singles $50.00 $50.00

257,C126 $0.70 $0.70

258-9,C127-8 $2.90 $1.55

260-1,C129-30 $2.60 $1.60

262 $0.40 $0.35

263,C165 $1.30 $0.75

264,C166 $1.05 $0.70

265 $0.35 $0.35

266 $0.35 $0.35

267 $0.35 $0.35

268 $0.35 $0.35

269-72,C167 $4.00

273-4 $0.80 $0.80

275 $0.35 $0.35

Scott# Unused Used

C6C 5.00 1.10

C6D 10.00 3.25

C7 16.00 6.50

C9-14 132.75

C9 1.35 0.35

C10 1.90 0.35

C11 2.25

C12 65.00

C13 8.50 3.00

C14 45.00 12.00

C15-19 3.25 1.75

C21 1.75

C22-29 13.35 3.60

C28a 12.00 3.00

C39-50 9.85 7.35

C44a 2.75 1.90

C51-53 11.65 3.50

C54-68 34.40 16.60

C69-88 7.35 7.35

C87a 0.35 0.35

C89 40.00 35.00

C90-107B 23.50 6.75

C108 0.55 0.35

Scott # Unused Used

276,C168 $3.25 $1.25

277-80 $1.60 $1.40

281 $0.40 $0.35

282,C171 $0.70 $0.70

283,C172 $2.15

284 $0.35 $0.35

285 $0.35 $0.35

286-7 $0.70 $0.70

288 $0.40 $0.35

289,C173 $1.90 $1.50

290-2 $2.60 $1.05

293-6 $1.75 $1.75

297-8 $0.70 $0.70

299,C190-1 $2.05 $1.30

300,C192 $0.75 $0.70

301-2,C193 $1.05 $1.05

303,C194 $0.75 $0.75

304,C195 $0.70 $0.70

305,C214 $1.30 $0.85

310-1,C199-200 $8.00 $4.00

319,C213 $1.00 $0.70

320,C215 $0.95 $0.70

321,C216 $1.00 $0.70

322,C217 $1.10 $0.70

323-329A $2.80 $2.80

330,C218 $0.70 $0.70

331-C220D $6.90 $5.00

337-8 $0.70 $0.70

339,C245 $1.60 $0.85

340-1,C246-7 $1.55 $1.40

342,C248 $0.70 $0.70

343,C249 $0.70 $0.70

344,C250 $0.70 $0.70

345-6,C257-8 $1.40 $1.40

347-9 $3.10 $1.75

348A SS $25.00 $25.00

348SS $15.00 $15.00

350 $0.40 $0.35

351 $1.10 $0.35

354-5 $0.70 $0.70

358,C268 $0.70 $0.70

358SS $30.00

359 $0.35 $0.35

360,C269 $1.90 $0.70

361,C271 $0.95 $0.70

362,C272 $0.70 $0.70

363,C274 $0.70 $0.70

364,C275-6 $1.85 $1.05

365,C277 $0.95 $0.70

366,C279 $1.30 $0.70

367,C280 $1.25 $0.70

368,C281 $0.75 $0.70

369,C282 $0.90 $0.70

370 $0.35 $0.35

371,C283 $0.75 $0.70

372,C284 $0.70 $0.70

373-4,C288-9 $1.40 $1.40

375,C290 $0.70 $0.70

376,C291 $0.90 $0.70

377,C292 $0.80 $0.70

378,C293 $0.75 $0.70

379,C294 $0.90 $0.70

380,C295 $0.70 $0.70

381,C296 $0.70 $0.70

382,C297 $1.00 $0.70

383,C298 $1.60 $0.70

276,C168 $3.25 $1.25

Scott# Unused Used Scott#

C109-123 8.80 5.60

C124 singles 50.00

C125 0.45 0.35

C135-44 5.00 3.50

C145 0.35 0.35

C146 5.00

C147 0.35 0.35

C148-53 44.65 9.00

C154 0.80 0.40

C155-64 3.50 3.50

C166SS 50.00

C168SS 850.00

C170 0.30 0.30

C172SS 2,500.00

C174-80 16.35 3.05

C183-89 3.05 2.45

C187a 0.55 0.35

C191SS 125.00

C193SS 70.00

C194SS 55.00

C195SS 190.00

C206 0.35 0.35

C207-12 4.50 2.10

Scott # Unused Used

277-80 $1.60 $1.40

281 $0.40 $0.35

282,C171 $0.70 $0.70

283,C172 $2.15

284 $0.35 $0.35

285 $0.35 $0.35

286-7 $0.70 $0.70

288 $0.40 $0.35

289,C173 $1.90 $1.50

290-2 $2.60 $1.05

293-6 $1.75 $1.75

295a $0.35

297-8 $0.70 $0.70

299,C190-1 $2.05 $1.30

300,C192 $0.75 $0.70

301-2,C193 $1.05 $1.05

303,C194 $0.75 $0.75

304,C195 $0.70 $0.70

305,C214 $1.30 $0.85

310-1,C199-200 $8.00 $4.00

319,C213 $1.00 $0.70

320,C215 $0.95 $0.70

321,C216 $1.00 $0.70

322,C217 $1.10 $0.70

323-329A $2.80 $2.80

330,C218 $0.70 $0.70

331-C220D $6.90 $5.00

337-8 $0.70 $0.70

339,C245 $1.60 $0.85

340-1,C246-7 $1.55 $1.40

342,C248 $0.70 $0.70

343,C249 $0.70 $0.70

344,C250 $0.70 $0.70

345-6,C257-8 $1.40 $1.40

347-9 $3.10 $1.75

348A SS $25.00 $25.00

348SS $15.00 $15.00

350 $0.40 $0.35

351 $1.10 $0.35

354-5 $0.70 $0.70

358,C268 $0.70 $0.70

358SS $30.00

359 $0.35 $0.35

360,C269 $1.90 $0.70

361,C271 $0.95 $0.70

362,C272 $0.70 $0.70

363,C274 $0.70 $0.70

364,C275-6 $1.85 $1.05

365,C277 $0.95 $0.70

366,C279 $1.30 $0.70

367,C280 $1.25 $0.70

368,C281 $0.75 $0.70

369,C282 $0.90 $0.70

370 $0.35 $0.35

371,C283 $0.75 $0.70

372,C284 $0.70 $0.70

373-4,C288-9 $1.40 $1.40

375,C290 $0.70 $0.70

376,C291 $0.90 $0.70

377,C292 $0.80 $0.70

378,C293 $0.75 $0.70

379,C294 $0.90 $0.70

380,C295 $0.70 $0.70

381,C296 $0.70 $0.70

382,C297 $1.00 $0.70

383,C298 $1.60 $0.70

384,C299 $1.00 $0.70

Unused Used

C213SS 75.00

C218SS 125.00 125.00

C220D SS 85.00 85.00

C221 0.50 0.35

C221SS 65.00

Malaria SS 110.00

C222-31 3.50

C234-40 2.45 2.45

C247SS 27.50 27.50

C254 0.40 0.35

C255 0.40 0.35

C256 0.40 0.35

C259 0.35 0.35

C260 0.35 0.35

C262 0.35 0.35

C263 0.35 0.35

C264 1.25 0.35

C264SS 20.00

C265 0.40 0.35

C266-67 0.80 0.70

C267SS 20.00

C269SS 7.50

C270 0.40 0.35

Scott # Unused Used

385,C300 $0.85 $0.70

386,C301 $4.00 $0.70

387-91 $1.75 $1.75

391SS $5.00 $5.00

392,C302 $0.70 $0.70

393,C303 $0.70 $0.70

394,C304 $1.00 $0.70

395,C305 $0.85 $0.70

396,C306 $0.90

397,C308 $0.85 $0.70

398,C307 $0.85 $0.70

399,C309 $0.95 $0.70

400,C310 $0.70 $0.70

401,C311 $0.85 $0.70

402,C312 $0.90 $0.70

403-4 $1.50 $0.70

405 $0.35 $0.35

406 $0.40 $0.35

407-11 $3.50 $2.00

411SS $11.00 $11.00

412 $0.35 $0.35

413 $0.45 $0.35

414,C313 $0.70 $0.70

415-6 $1.80 $0.70

417 $0.40 $0.35

418-21 $1.85 $1.40

422 $0.45 $0.35

423-4 $0.80 $0.70

424SS $20.00 $20.00

425 $0.55 $0.35

426 $0.40 $0.35

427 $0.40 $0.35

428 $0.40 $0.35

429 $0.40 $0.35

430-2 $1.10 $1.05

433 $0.40 $0.35

434 $0.90 $0.35

435 $0.45 $0.35

436 $0.40 $0.35

437-8 $2.20 $1.25

439-40 $1.45 $0.70

441 $0.75 $0.35

441SS $17.50

442-6 $1.75 $1.75

447-8 $1.85 $0.70

448SS $15.00

449-50 $0.75 $0.70

451 $0.40 $0.30

452 $4.75 $1.40

453 $1.50 $1.50

454 $0.40 $0.35

455 $6.00 $1.40

456 $0.35 $0.35

457 $0.40 $0.35

458 $0.70 $0.35

459 $0.35 $0.35

460 $6.00 $6.00

461-72 $30.00

singles $13.00

472SS $15.00

473-6 $5.00 $1.40

476SS $20.00

477-84 $5.00 $3.50

485-9 $4.00

490 $2.30 $0.50

491 $1.40 $0.35

492 $0.80 $0.35

Scott# Unused Used

C273 0.35 0.35

C276SS 13.50

C277SS 15.00

C278 0.35 0.35

C280SS (2) 24.00

C285-87 1.25 1.05

C287SS 20.00

C289SS 10.00

C291SS 5.00

C297SS 9.00

C309SS 15.00

C313SS 19.00

H1 5.00 5.00

ftnt black 5.00


J43-47 3.60 3.00

J48-58 30.00

O1A-1C 525.00

O6 160.00

O7 160.00

O9 50.00 85.00

O10 100.00 120.00

O11 95.00

Scott # Unused Used

492SS $20.00

493 $1.50 $0.35

493SS $15.00

494-6 $2.75 $1.25

496SS $15.00

497 $9.00 $1.20

498 $1.50 $0.35

499 $1.60 $0.35

500 $2.00 $0.55

501-4 $1.80 $1.40

505 $1.50 $0.50

506 $0.40 $0.35

507 $1.75 $0.35

508 $0.55 $0.35

509-12 $3.70 $1.40

513 $0.40 $0.35

514 $0.40 $0.35

515-6 $3.00 $0.70

521-2 $3.50 $1.05

523 $0.90 $0.35

524 $0.90 $0.35

525 $2.00 $0.50

526-7 $5.00 $1.50

528 $0.75 $0.35

529 $5.25 $2.00

530-1 $2.15 $0.70

532 $0.70 $0.35

533 $0.35 $0.35

534 $1.30 $0.65

535 $1.50 $0.90

536 $1.50 $0.50

537-9 $2.40 $1.05

540 $4.00 $1.10

542-550 $5.00 $5.00

551 $1.00 $0.60

552 $2.25 $0.90

553-5 $3.65 $2.20

556 $1.50 $0.75

557 $0.60 $0.35

558 $0.60 $0.35

559-62 $2.25 $1.40

563-5 $1.65 $1.05

566 $1.50 $0.50

567 $1.25 $0.50

568-70 $1.65 $1.05

571 $0.60 $0.30

572 $1.40 $0.60

573 $1.65 $0.50

574 $0.65 $0.35

575-6 $1.75 $1.75

577 $0.45 $0.35

578 $0.50 $0.35

579-80 $2.80 $0.85

581-4 $4.00 $1.40

585 $2.00 $0.60

586 $1.20 $0.50

587-9 $4.75 $1.80

590 $0.60 $0.35

591 $0.40 $0.35

592 $1.25 $0.40

593 $0.45 $0.35

594 $1.50 $0.50

595 $0.60 $0.35

596 $1.25 $0.50

597 $1.25 $0.50

598 $1.75 $0.35

599 $1.25 $0.40

Scott# Unused Used

O12 90.00 125.00

O13 120.00 125.00

O14 120.00 125.00

O15 250.00 200.00

O31 4.50 2.25

O32 2.75

O33 5.25 2.75

O34 4.50 2.50

O35 5.00 2.50

O36 8.50 4.50

O37 5.00 2.00

Scott # Unused Used

600 $0.60 $0.35

601-03 $2.30 $1.50

604 $0.60 $0.50

605 $0.55 $0.50

606-9 $4.00 $2.00

610 $1.10 $0.50

611-2 $1.50 $1.00

613 $0.50 $0.50

614 $0.50 $0.50

615 $0.50 $0.50

616-8 $4.75 $1.60

619 $0.50 $0.50

620 $0.75 $0.50

621 $0.50 $0.50

622 $2.25 $0.75

623 $40.00 $30.00

624 $2.50 $2.00

625 $1.00 $0.50

626 $0.40 $0.40

627 $0.50 $0.50

628-9 $2.75 $1.00

630-1 $1.20 $1.00

631A $4.50 $1.00

631B $0.50 $0.50

631C $2.10 $0.50

631D $1.10 $1.10

632-3 $8.00 $1.20

634-48 $7.00

649 $1.25 $0.60

650 $2.15 $0.60

651 $4.25 $1.00

652-5 $3.50 $2.00

656-9 $5.00 $200.00

660-1 $1.00 $1.00

662-3 $1.75 $1.00

664-5 $2.25 $1.00

666 $10.00 $1.50

667 $1.30 $0.50

668 $0.50 $0.50

669-70 $1.25 $1.00

671-3 $5.75 $3.00

674 $24.00

675 $5.25 $1.10

676 $1.25 $0.55

677 $1.10 $0.50

678 $1.75 $0.70

679-82 $26.00 $15.00

683-4 $2.60 $1.00

685 $3.00 $2.00

686 $15.00 $15.00

687 $2.00 $1.10

688 $3.00 $0.60

689 $0.70 $0.50

690-2 $3.50 $1.60

693 $13.00 $4.00

694-5 $1.50 $1.00

696 $2.25 $0.50

697 $1.40 $1.40

698-9 $4.30 $1.25

699A $0.60 $0.35

Scott # Unused Used

700-1 $2.00 $1.00

702 $1.00 $0.50

702a $20.00

IMP $30.00

703 $2.25 $0.75

704-5 $2.75 $2.75

706-7 $4.00 $1.50

708 $0.55 $0.50

708A $2.75 $1.25

709-12 $3.50 $2.00

713-5 $2.25 $1.50

716 $1.20 $0.55

717 $1.20 $0.50

718 $0.65 $0.50

719-20 $9.50 $5.00

SS (2) $32.50

721 $2.50 $1.10

722-5 $7.00 $2.40

726-7 $2.50 $1.50

728 $1.60 $1.40

729 $9.00 $3.00

730-1 $1.75 $1.00

732-3 $2.25

734-5 $2.50 $1.50

736-7 $3.40 $1.00

737A $2.50 $2.50

738 $1.50 $0.50

739 $2.25 $0.50

740 $0.75 $0.50

741 $3.00 $1.25

742-3 $10.00 $10.00

744-7B $6.00

747a $5.25

748-9 $2.50 $1.00

750 $4.50 $2.00

751 $5.00

752-3 $3.75 $1.00

754 $0.50 $0.50

755 $0.85 $0.50

756-7 $1.90 $1.00

758 $15.00

759 $0.90 $0.50

760 $1.75 $1.40

761 $0.40 $0.40

762 $1.50 $0.50

763-4 $3.75 $1.25

765 $2.10 $0.60

765a $2.60

765B $1.80 $0.55

766 $0.40 $0.40

767 $0.40 $0.40

768 $0.55 $0.50

Much more Chile available

on our website (newer

issues, NH, covers, proofs,

collections, varieties)

Scott# Unused Used

O38 3.50 1.50

O66 10.00 2.25

O67-69 5.00

O67 1.75

O68 3.00

O69 1.75

O72 5.00

O74 3.00 1.00

O75 6.00 3.50

O75a 16.00 3.50

Scott# Unused Used

O76 10.00 3.50

O77 85.00

QRA1 0.35

RA1 0.35 0.35

RA2 0.35 0.35

RA3 0.35 0.35

RA4 2.00

RA5 0.35

RA6 0.35

RA7-8 0.70 0.70

TERMS: All stamps guaranteed genuine. Seven day return

privilege on all items. Payment with order. Texans please add

sales tax. Visit our website to see our entire stock of Latin

America. Shipping: If order under $500 — $3; $500–1000 —

$6.50; $1000 or more $10.

Nieser Stamps & Coins

PO Box 8533 • Houston, TX 77249-8533 •

713-880-9236 (evenings/weekends)



librarian & director of information services |

Spring’s in the Air:

Looking Forward to APRL’s Busiest Season

Postal History Symposium

As winter turns to spring, the philatelic season

also begins to gather momentum as some of the

hobby’s most prominent and significant shows take place,

including Garfield Perry (March 6–8), ASDA (March

20–22), St. Louis Stamp Expo (March 27–29), WESTPEX

(April 24–26), London 2020 (May 2–9), NAPEX (June 5–7),

and culminating in the summer with the Great American

Stamp Show (August 20–23). So too, here at the American

Philatelic Center, preparations are underway for three

important events that will take place later this spring and

into summer.

Here at the American Philatelic Center, Dr. Cathy

Brachbill and Kathleen Edwards in the Education Department

are preparing for and staging this year’s Summer

Seminar (June 21–25) and Volunteer Work Week (July

13–17). At the American Philatelic Research Library, we

too are preparing for a very special event, the Eleventh

Postal History Symposium (October 29–31). The Postal

History Symposium is a biennial event jointly sponsored

by the American Philatelic Research Library, the American

Philatelic Society, and the Smithsonian National Postal

Museum. The symposium has been alternatively hosted at

the Smithsonian National Postal Museum or the American

Philatelic Center since 2006. This year’s symposium, to

be held here at the American Philatelic Center, is also cosponsored

by the U.S. Philatelic Classics Society.

The symposium provides a unique forum for philatelists,

academic scholars, postal historians, and the interested public

to discuss and present research that integrates philately

and the history of postal operations into the broader context

of world history. This year’s theme, Postal Innovation of the

Classic Era: Evolution Leading to Modernization concerns

the Classic Era of American postal history, which has come

to define one of the greatest periods of postal innovation.

Along with the United States, many other countries played

an equally important role during this time in the evolution

and progress of postal history, with creators and ideas that

Attendees listen to a session of the Postal History Symposium at the



furthered postal development into the modern age.

For those attending the 2020 Postal History Symposium,

the event will also include other activities for the philatelist

and researcher alike, such as a dealer bourse, a gallery of

over 175 frames of world-class non-competitive exhibits

from members of the U.S. Philatelic Classics Society, certain

APS and APRL services, a Meet and Greet, and finally

the U.S. Philatelic Classics Society Banquet with keynote

speaker Scott R. Trepel, President of Robert A. Siegel Auctions.

For more information about this year’s symposium

be sure to consult the Postal History Symposium webpage

( on the APS website

as the list of speakers, banquet reservations and the schedule

of events are finalized.

APRL Staff Update

With the change of the seasons, there has also been

change at the APRL. As mentioned in February’s column,

Betsy Gamble retired from her position as Technical Services

Coordinator, and Reference Assistant Marian Mills

assumed Betsy’s position after many months of training.

Marian has been an incredible asset to the library in her

Reference role and will bring her incredible knowledge of

the collection and enthusiasm for the hobby to her new role

as Technical Services Coordinator. Betsy will definitely be

missed but the library and its resources are in good hands

with Marian.

With Marian’s move a new Reference Assistant was

sought, and after interviewing a number of worthy applicants

for the position, Marsha Garman was chosen to follow

Marian in the position. Marsha comes to us with a wealth of

library experience, having worked in acquisitions and reference

departments at Stetson University and St. Petersburg

Public Library in Florida, as well as, most recently, Yale

University in Connecticut. She received her BA in English

and Masters in Library and Information Services from the

Meet Marsha Garman, the newest APRL staff member. Marsha

began her role as Reference Assistant in March.

University of South Florida. Her understanding of library

systems and software will be a great asset in her new role as

Reference Assistant with the APRL. She also has experience

serving a diverse client base from each of her positions and

has demonstrated the ability to exceed the expectations of

her patrons. We welcome Marsha to the APRL and APS!

APRL Digital and the Online Catalog

Upgrades continue for both the David Straight Philatelic

Union Catalog and the library’s online digital collections

database, APRL Digital. We are working with a library

software vendor to upgrade the online catalog to provide a

greater functionality for our patrons and a more engaging

and fulfilling user experience. We have been working to

provide catalog users with more search options, with the

goal of producing more usable and comprehensive search

results. We will continue to refine the new upgrade in the

weeks to come and will keep you informed when a specific

rollout date for the new catalog has been confirmed.

We are continuing to build upon the content in APRL

Digital. Following the February column, we have received

permission from multiple societies to upload their journals

into the digital collection database. To date, we are in the

final stages of securing the rights to upload and disseminate

on APRL Digital 14 complete journal runs for various philatelic

organizations. We will begin uploading these journals

to APRL Digital as permissions are secured.

As a reminder for those who missed the February column,

we invite clubs and organizations who are interested

in having their journals made available to all APS members

through the APRL Digital platform to contact stiffney@ or (814) 933-3816 for an evaluation and estimate.

If you haven’t yet, we encourage societies and clubs

to consider digitizing your journals — not only will you

provide digital access to your specific content for fellow

APS members, but you will also have the added benefit of

promoting your own organization and publications to a

much wider audience. Finally, you will help the APRL in

our goal of preserving the history of philatelic literature,

research and education.




aps director of expertizing |

Expertizing the 1¢ Franklins

— When Experts Disagree

For all the romance surrounding America’s first two

stamps, issued in 1847, they were printed in murky

red-brown shades and an unremarkable black. In contrast,

the 1851 1¢ Franklin was a bold, sprightly blue (Figure

1); just the ticket for an American public taking advantage

of low postage rates, introduced by the Postal Act of 1851, to

send letters in heretofore unseen quantities.

This ornate and complex portrait of Franklin is notable

for the seemingly endless varieties that were produced in

both imperforate (1851) and perforated (1857) issues. These

varieties resulted not only from the design’s complexity, but

also from two other factors: the large size of the stamp image

and the resultant difficulty in manufacturing the printing

plates to accommodate this size. In this month’s column, I’ll

introduce you to this stamp and its varieties and then explore

the challenges encountered in expertizing individual stamps.

And, as I promised in the March 2020 column, we will see

what happens when experts disagree.

Students of the hobby will recognize the names of the

early authors who have written about this stamp: Stanley

Ashbrook, Carroll Chase, John Luff, Mortimer Neinken, and

Jerome Wagshal, among many others. But it was Ashbrook

who first definitively identified the subtleties of the stamp’s

design (Figure 2).

I’ll touch briefly upon the plate manufacturing process,

but if you would like a thorough grounding in stamp production,

I recommend you start by perusing Fundamentals

of Philately by L.N. Williams, perhaps the most frequently

referenced book in my philatelic library. If you are more of a

“hands-on” learner, then come to the APS Summer Seminar

and take Wayne Youngblood’s “Stamp Technology” course.

You’ll be glad you did!

When it comes to the specifics of the 1¢ Franklin issues,

I recommend two recent books. For the 1851 issue, The 1851

Issue of United States Stamps: a Sesquicentennial Retrospective

Figure 1. A lovely example of

an unused imperforate 1¢ blue

Franklin from the 1851 issue. From

the APEX Reference Collection.

Figure 2. The “complete die design” for the 1¢ Franklin as first

defined by Stanley Ashbrook.


y Hubert Skinner and Charles Peterson is available as a free

download, compliments of the US Philatelic Classics Society

( Its description of plate production is

expansive. For the second series, consider the resource First

United States Perforated Stamps – The 1857 Issue by Jon Rose.

How to make a printing plate

Now join me as I attempt to summarize many hundreds

of pages and decades of research about this stamp’s engraving,

plate making and production into three paragraphs. The

detailed images seen in Figures 1 and 2 were produced using

the line engraving, or intaglio, printing process. First, the design

is engraved into a piece of “soft” steel in recessed form.

The steel is then heat-treated to harden the steel, creating a

die. The die, in turn, is used to embed three reversed or “relief

” images onto a cylindrical device called a transfer roll

(Figure 3). As with the die, the transfer roll starts with soft

steel that is then hardened. Importantly, the three relief images

are not identical. Next, the relief images on the transfer

roll are “rocked” onto a sheet of steel in recess form. When

the steel is hardened, it becomes the printing plate used to

produce the stamps.

Postal authorities ordered the stamps to be produced on

a plate containing 200 subjects in two panes of 100 stamps

each. Each pane was ten stamps across by ten rows deep.

And that is where the problems arose. The design of the

stamp was just a bit too tall for the plate size that the printer’s

presses could accommodate. In order for there to be sufficient

space between stamps for them to be cut when sold, the

designs had to be truncated just a little bit, either at the top

or bottom or both. Thus, one die created three unique relief

images which in turn resulted in 200 identifiable images on

the printing plate. With effectively five plates, that is 1000

collectible stamps from this one original die.

(A brief technical note: there were only four physical

plates manufactured. The first plate was not hardened and

quickly became worn. As a result, the printer reentered the

images on the plate and then hardened it. From a philatelic

standpoint, this is regarded as a fifth plate.)

Philatelic specialists identify each stamp from each plate

using the following nomenclature in this format:

The stamp’s position on the pane, numbered from 1 to 100

The letter L or R representing the left or right pane

The numbers 1 through 5, representing which of the five

plates was used

The letter E or L, representing the early or late states of the

plate, may optionally appear at the end of the description.

(Plates wore out and were reentered over time, creating

different states.)

Thus, 11L1 would represent the first stamp on the second

row of the left pane from plate one. An E or L at the end

would tell us the state of the plate’s use.

A similar discussion of the perforated issues of 1857

would require more space than I have, but the complexities

are very similar, as are the resulting varieties.

The Scott Catalogue organizes these stamps

The Scott Specialized Catalogue of United States Stamps &

Covers has an essential chapter titled “Identifier of Definitive

Issues” that lists a single image for this stamp. Image A5 is the

basic stamp. Given the 1000 plate varieties for the 1851 issue

and the varieties for the 1857 issue, Scott has added images

A6-A9 and A20 to identify the major types of frame differences.

For the 1851 issues, Scott has assigned catalog numbers

5, 5A, 6, 6b, 7, 8, 8A, and 9 (with subtypes for several of

these). For the 1857 issues, the Scott catalog numbers are 18,

19, 19b, and 20-24 (also with subtypes).

Not surprisingly, there are many instances where the

earlier issues are more valuable than similar-appearing 1857

stamps. Philatelic fakers are not above trimming the later issues

to imitate more valuable imperforate counterparts.

Figure 4. The “patient” submitted

by the owner as a Scott 22.

Figure 3. Transfer roll illustrating a circular relief — reproduced from Skinner’s

and Peterson’s book. Courtesy US Philatelic Classics Society.


It is also true that the stamps were produced with varying

image print quality, especially as the printing plates wore,

resulting in incomplete or imperfect image details. Correctly

identifying the plate and position of an individual stamp can

be a daunting challenge. But with similar-appearing stamps

ranging in catalog value from a few dollars to thousands, or

tens of thousands, of dollars, proper identification is very important.

Expertizing the 1¢ Franklins

These myriad variations and variables result in uncertainty

among collectors, even those who have been specialists for

many years. Thus, the 1¢ Franklins are frequently submitted

to APEX for authentication. Our process is simple. APEX is

blessed with some 180 Expert Committee members that expertize

most of the world. Several are renowned specialists

on the 1¢ Franklins. Any time a stamp is submitted that looks

even remotely like the Scott A5 image, we have a protocol

that ensures that two or three Expert Committee specialists

will examine and authenticate the stamp. And very frequently

“Expert 1” will request that we “have Expert 2 take a look”

for a second opinion on a particular aspect. Expertizing is a

collaborative process as practiced by APEX.

Collaboration notwithstanding, so great are the nuances

that even our experts can disagree. Recently the stamp in

Figure 4 was sent in for a certificate. The discussion that follows

is abstracted from the notes of three experts. A word

of caution: we are about to dive deep into the weeds of the

specialized nomenclature associated with the 1¢ Franklins.

(Caveat coactor; let the philatelist beware!)

The first expert declared the stamp a Scott 20; one reason

for the decision is, quote, “the bottom line is faint but complete

at the bottom.” On to expert two.

Let me quote a large portion of expert two’s notes: “This

stamp is Relief “B,” position 19L4 from plate 4. Relief B always

has a break in the top line, even though the top of the

design is cut away by the perfs. Thus, this cannot be Scott 20.

19L4 is shown in Neinken as Type III, outer line broken Top

and Bottom. However, this stamp seems to have a faint but

complete bottom line. I leave “break” or “no break” to others.

The stamp is either Scott 21 or Scott 22…” No consensus as

of yet.

A third expert was called upon as part of the normal authentication

process. From his notes, we learn additionally:

“…There is a faint line of ink in the area under the “C” of

CENT. So, the bottom line is Not broken and so the stamp

is Not a Type III, but a Type IIIa. That makes it a Scott 22.”

APEX does not use a “majority vote” or “tie-breaker”

when preparing opinions. I reached out to the first expert

and discussed the subsequent evaluations. He was satisfied

with those findings. We could all agree that this patient was,

indeed, a Scott 22.

And that is what the APEX certificate stated: “United

States Scott No. 22, Type IIIa, “B” Relief, position 19L4. Genuine…”

* * *

I am grateful to Richard Celler for his assistance with this


I welcome your questions, comments, and suggestions on

any philatelic topic. Please feel free to email me at Gary@ I look forward to hearing from you.

A Valentine letter addressed to Miss M. A. Cribbet, care of Dr. Rolker. No. 122 7th Street [Cincinnati, Ohio]. The 1¢ local drop rate

paid by an 1857 Scott No. 24. From the APEX Reference Collection.




chief membership officer |

A Season of Gratitude — Recognizing Your Achievements

Thanks to Clarence McKnight of the Ebony Society for

Philatelic Events and Reflections (ESPER), APS Affiliate

239, for all he does to promote our hobby. Clarence regularly

gives presentations for Black History Month, Women’s History

Month and Hispanic History Month. One of his exhibits,

located at the Montclair (New Jersey) Public Library, was

recently featured in the Montclair Local News.

Steve Bahnsen is another unheralded collector with an

unrelenting focus on improving the Postal Service. He regularly

travels around the country visiting post offices and suggesting

improvements to the USPS. He is especially critical

of post offices which offer limited access of their post office

boxes to patrons and schedule last collection times long before

the retail windows close. Steve’s efforts recently resulted

in a change in the weekday collection times of Union Station

in Chicago: from 1 pm to 5 pm. Additionally, the Hebron,

Illinois, post office lobby is now available to postal patrons


* * * * *

Congratulations to Clarence Stillions, Julian Goldberg,

and John Walsh, the 2019 winners of the Collectors Club

of Chicago (CCC) Pratt Award. The estate of Col. Robert

H. Pratt of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the pre-eminent Newfoundland

stamp and postal history collector, researcher,

and author, bequeathed funds to the CCC for the establishment

of an annual award for the best English language

article, series of articles, book, or electronic presentation

related to Newfoundland’s philately. Stillions was honored

for “The Blitz Stamps of Newfoundland,” which appeared in

the September/October 2019 issue of The Canadian Philatelist.

Goldberg and Walsh were recognized as co-authors of

“Newfoundland 1887 1/2-cent Dog: A Detailed Study of Its

Correct Release Date and Other Discoveries,” appearing in

the second quarter 2019 issue of BNA Topics.

* * * * *

Awards are also available for younger collectors. The APS

invites young collectors between the ages 16 and 24 who are

interested in participating in the Young

Philatelic Leaders Fellowship program

(YPLF). This program coordinates

and funds transportation

to, lodging during, and activities

at the Great American Stamp

Show and APS Summer Seminar

on Philately. Additionally, YPLF

connects participating Fellows with

seasoned collectors, exhibitors, writers,

researchers and dealers to expand their perspectives and exposure

in the philatelic world. Applications for the 2020–21

class are due on May 15.

* * * * *

Don’t forget — the APS is going to award three free life

memberships this year: one to a new member and two to

recruiters of new members, as part of our 2020 membership

challenge. We have also added a new class of membership,

called $25 Under 30. People under the age of 30 will be eligible

for a 12-month digital membership for just $25. The

new membership class will be available on April 1, 2020.

* * * * *

The Southeastern Stamp Expo was held January 31

through February 2 in suburban Atlanta, Georgia. The show

included a full day of presentations by the France and Colonies

Philatelic Society on Friday, and a Women Leaders in

Philately Meet ‘n Greet on Saturday afternoon which showcased

six female leaders in our hobby who discussed its rewards

and challenges.

The six leaders were American Topical Association president

Dawn Hamman, Ebony Society of Philatelic Events and

Reflection president Warachal Eileen Faison, co-founder of

Women Exhibitors and APS Committee for Accreditation

of National Exhibitions and Judges Chair Elizabeth Hisey,

Boston 2026 World Stamp Show president Nancy B. Clark,

American Topical Association Executive Director Jennifer

Miller, and former APS Treasurer and former Junior Phi-


latelists of America president Kathryn J. Johnson. More information

on these philatelic leaders is available from the

Southeastern Stamp Expo website at


Charles J. O’Brien, III, won the Southeastern Stamp

Expo multi frame grand award for his exhibit, Frank Lloyd

Wright First Days & Usage of the Two Cent Definitive Issue.

The David L. Hill multi frame reserve grand went to James

R. Taylor for St. Pierre & Miquelon: Colonial Series through

First Pictorial. Louis Fiset took home the Athens Philatelic

Society Memorial single frame grand award for his Political

Prisoners’ Mail from the 1848 Paris June Days Uprising.

Congratulations also to Harvey S. Teal who received the

Southeastern Federation Rowland Hill award for service to

the hobby in the Southeastern States. A retired educator,

school administrator, and former supervisor of instructional

technology for the South Carolina Department of Education,

Teal is an expert on South Carolina philately and author

of South Carolina Postal History and Illustrated Catalog

of Postmarks and South Carolina Post Offices and Postmasters,


* * * * *

The Sarasota National Stamp Exhibition, held February

7–9, hosted the American Air Mail Society, the China

Stamp Society, the Society for Czechoslovak Philately and a

regional meeting of Polonus, the Polish Philatelic Society. In

addition, the Florida Postal History Society, the US Possessions

Society, and the Cuban Philatelic Society of America

held meetings.

Congratulations to Jon Krupnick, whose Pan American

Clippers Conquer the Pacific August 1933 to December 31,

1941, exhibit received the multi frame grand award.

The multi frame reserve grand went to Mark Schwartz

for The New York Postmaster Provisional. Bob Hisey won the

Single Frame Grand for Access Routes for Africa-US Airmail

to the U.S.,WWII.

Sarasota also has a literature competition for articles.

Charles DiComo took home the literature grand for “New

Plate Flaw Discovery: ‘Dash & Ink Trail’ on 3¢ 1851 Stamp”

which was published in the Chronicle of U.S. Classic Postal

Issues. The literature reserve grand went to Robert G. Rose

for “Bristol Packet’s ‘NEW YORK’ Handstamp: Was it Applied

in London or New York?” published in The London


* * * * *

The following weekend, ARIPEX was held in Mesa, Arizona.

ARIPEX celebrated the 250th anniversary of the birth

of Beethoven with a sub-theme “Love is Eternal” for the Val-

• • • • •


entine’s weekend show. The first day of issue ceremony for

the Let’s Celebrate Forever Stamp took place on Valentine’s

Day at the show.

The show’s F. Burton “Bud” Sellers Memorial multi frame

grand award went to Eigil Trondsen for The Cunard Line:

The Ships and the Transatlantic Mail 1840–1867. Trondsen

also won the multi frame reserve grand for Norway, Registered

Mail to 1945. 1838-1842 Wilkes Antarctic Expedition:

Its Many (often unfavorable) Facets by Hal Vogel received the

single frame grand.

* * * * *

Unfortunately, no month goes by without the loss of

collectors who have had a profound impact on the hobby.

Two recent losses are Jim Stearns and Eddie Bridges. 44-year

APS member and frequent Summer Seminar attendee James

Stearns passed away in late February. Jim, who lived in Iron

Mountain, Michigan, was APS Ambassador for the Northwoods

Philatelic Society and an APS Estate Advisor. He collected

U.S., Canada, Greece, Morocco and Picture Postcards.

Eddie Bridges may not have had the same tenure, but

had a very high profile over his relatively short association as

an APS member. He was the USA Northeast Region representative

for the Royal Philatelic Society of London (RPSL)

and one of a handful of U.S. collectors who met Queen Elizabeth

II at the opening of the new RPSL facility in London

this past fall. An expert exhibitor of South African philately,

Eddie participated in the Spellman Museum of Stamps

and Postal History May 2017 Symposium. His November

2015 presentation to the Collectors Club of New York titled

“Union of South Africa: Its Strained Relationship with the

British Stamp Printers and the Transition to Domestic Printing”

may be viewed at

* * * * *

As of mid-February, one of the two hotels for our August

20–23 Hartford, Connecticut, Great American Stamp Show

(GASS) is sold out and several exhibiting options are closed.

Requests for exhibit space and meeting and seminar rooms

close in early May, so if you want to participate in the largest

U.S. philatelic event of the year, you should act quickly.

* * * * *

Readers are encouraged to share their local philatelic

happenings. E-mail me at

• • • • •

Connecticut Convention Center

100 Columbus Blvd, • Hartford, CT 06103

Show Highlights

100+ Dealers • Cachetmakers Bourse

800+ Frames of Exhibits • Three of America's Rarest Postal Items

100+ Meetings & Seminars • On-the-Road Courses



The “Show Time” Calendar features a list of

upcoming shows and APS events (shown in

green). To obtain a listing, please submit a “Show

Time” form, available online at

Show-Calendar or by mail from APS headquarters.

Information must be received 60 days before

desired publication time.

The listings are free to World Series of Philately

and other shows that are sponsored by an APS

chapter or affiliate. Other shows/bourses may

purchase listings for the month of the show/

bourse and the month prior only. The listing fee is

$25 per show per issue. Shows designated *B* are

bourse only.

Grand award winners from *WSP* shows

(shown in blue) are eligible for the annual APS

World Series of Philately Champion of Champions

competition. Visit

for a complete listing of shows and APS events.

Illinois April 3-4

Metro East 31st Postcard Show VFW Hall, 1234

Vandalia (Hwy 159), Collinsville. *B*

Contact: Tom Snyder


Illinois April 4

PARFOREX 60 Park Forest Stamp Club, FCC

Community House, 847 Hutchison Road,


Contact: Ed Waterous


Maine April 4

MUDPEX - Show and Auction Waterville Stamp

Club, Winslow VFW, 175 Veteran Drive, Winslow.

Bourse Only

Contact: Al Tieman




New Jersey April 4

MSC Monthly Bourse Merchantville Stamp

Club, Martin Luther Chapel School Gym, 4100

Terrace Ave, Pennsauken. *B*

Contact: Carol Anne Visalli



Pennsylvania April 4

Spring Stamp Expo Cumberland Valley

Philatelic Society, Eugene Clarke Center, 235 S.

Third Street, Chambersburg. *B*

Contact: Eileen Bricker


Vermont April 4

Crossroads Postcard & Stamp Show Upper

Valley Stamp Club, Mid-Vermont Christian

School Gym, 399 W Gilson Ave, Quechee.

Contact: John A. Lutz




Florida April 4-5

TALPEX 2020 Tallahassee Stamp and Cover

Club, Tallahassee Stamp & Cover Stamp

and Coin Show, 1400 North Monroe Street,

Tallahassee. *B*

Contact: Dr. Tom Ahlfeld



Ohio April 4-5

McKinley Stamp Club Show McKinley Stamp

Club - Canton, St. George Serbian Orthodox

Social Hall, 4667 Applegrove St. NW, North


Contact: Dave Pool



Wisconsin April 5

DANEPEX ‘20 Badger Stamp Club, Radison

Hotel, 517 Grand Canyon Drive, Madison.

Contact: Bob Voss



Alabama April 11

Montgomery Area Semi-Annual Stamp and

Coin Show Montgomery Area Stamp Club,

Montgomery Area Semi-Annual Stamp and Coin

Show, 424 S. Northington Street, Prattville. *B*

Contact: Russ Gunton



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Mississippi April 17-18

GULFPEX 2020 Gulf Coast Stamp Club, St.

Martin Community Center, 15008 LeMoyne

Blvd, Biloxi.

Contact: John Barrett, Ph.D.



Pennsylvania April 17-18

WILKPEX 70th Annual Stamp Show Wilkinsburg

Stamp Club, GATEWAY HALL, 4370 Nothern Pike,


Contact: Danielle Weaver



Connecticut April 18

MANPEX Manchester Philatelic Society, East

Catholic High School, 115 New State Road,

Manchester. Local/Regional Show with Exhibits

Contact: Steve O’Keefe



Delaware April 18

DELPEX 2020 Brandywine Valley Stamp Club,

Nur Shrine Temple, 198 South DuPont Hwy (US

Toutes 13 & 40), New Castle.

Contact: John Howker



Ohio April 18

TUSCOPEX 20 Tuscora Stamp Club, Tuscora Park

Pavilion, 161 Tuscora Ave NW, New Philadelphia.

Contact: Jim Shamel


Iowa April 18-19

CERAPEX 2020 Cedar Rapids Stamp Club,

Machinists Union Hall, 222 Prospect Place SW,

Cedar Rapids.

Contact: Steve Kossayian



Michigan April 18-19

KAZOOPEX 2020 - Spring Show Kalamazoo

Stamp Club, Kalamazoo County Fair Grounds &

Expo Center, 2900 Lake Street, Kalamazoo.

Contact: Paul Matyas


Washington April 18-19

Evergreen Stamp Club Spring

Bourse Evergreen Stamp Club, Kent

Commons Recreation Center, 525 4th Avenue

North, Kent. *B*

Contact: Lisa Foster



New York April 19

Bayside Stamp Show The Adria Hotel, 221-17

Northern Blvd, Bayside, Queens. *B*

Contact: Marilyn Nowak


Pennsylvania April 24-25

35th LANCOPEX Stamp Show Philatelic Sociaty

of Lancaster County, Farm & Home Center of

Lancaster, 1383 Arcadia Road, Lancaster.

Contact: Dr. Charles J. DiComo



California April 24-26

WESTPEX WESTPEX, Inc., San Francisco Airport

Marriott Waterfront Hotel, 1800 Old Bayshore

Highway, Burlingame. *WSP*

Contact: Clyde Homen



Michigan April 25-26

Plymouth Show West Suburban Stamp Club,

Hellenic Cultural Center, 36375 Joy Road,

Westland. *WSP*

Contact: Tim Strzalkowski



Connecticut April 26

Fourth Sunday Stamp Show New Haven

Philatelic Society, YMA Annex, 554 Woodward

Ave, New Haven.

Contact: Brian McGrath



Massachusetts May 1-3

Philatelic Show Boxboro Regency Hotel

& Conference Center, 242 Adams Place,

Boxborough *WSP*

Contact: David Ball and Mark Butterline



New Jersey May 2

MSC Monthly Bourse Merchantville Stamp

Club, Martin Luther Chapel School Gym, 4100

Terrace Ave, Pennsauken. *B*

Contact: Carol Anne Visalli



Ontario, Canada May 2-3

ORAPEX Ottawa Philatelic Society, Ottawa RA

Centre, 2451 Riverside Drive, Ottawa. *WSP*

Contact: Mike Powell



Wisconsin May 2-3

WISCOPEX 2020 Fond du Lac Stamp Club,

Masonic Center, 500 W. Arndt St., Fond du Lac.

Contact: Clarence Davis



London, England May 2-9

LONDON2020 Business Design Center, London.

Contact: U.S. Commissioner: Jack Harwood




Ohio May 3

Montrose Stamp Bourse Lincolnway Stamps,

Holiday Inn Akron-West, 4073 Medina Rd,

Akron. *B*

Contact: David Pool


Pennsylvania May 8-9

Butlerpex Butler County Philatelic Society,

Tanglewood Center, 10 Austin Ave, Lyndora.

Contact: Tom Sivak


Oregon May 8-10

PIPEX 2020 Northwest Federation of Stamp

Clubs, The Holiday Inn Portland Airport, 8439 NE

Columbia Blvd, Portland. *WSP*

Contact: Mark Loomis



Wisconsin May 16-17

MSDA Milwaukee Stamp Show Midwest

Stamp Dealers Association, Crowne Plaza Hotel

Milwaukee Airport, 6401 S. 13th St, Milwaukee.


Contact: Jim Bardo


Quality U.S. Stamps

Singles (mint and used), Plate Blocks, Booklet Panes

plus Complete Booklets, Price lists $2 each category or

free online. We also buy quality U.S. & foreign stamps.

Mountainside Stamps, Coins and Currency

P.O. Box 1116 • Mountainside, NJ 07092

Tel: 908-419-9751 or 908-232-0539

E-mail: •

Tom Jacks, owner; member APS, ASDA



Michigan May 17

Lansing Stamp & Coin Show Royal Scot Golf &

Bowl, 4722 W. Grand River Ave., Lansing. *B*

Contact: Ron Robinson


New York May 17

Bayside Stamp Show The Adria Hotel, 221-17

Northern Blvd, Bayside, Queens. *B*

Contact: Marilyn Nowak


Colorado May 22-24

Rocky Mountain Stamp Show Rocky Mountain

Philatelic Exhibitions, Inc, Arapahoe County

Fairgrounds, Exhibition Halls A & B, 25690 E.

Quincy Ave, Aurora. *WSP*

Contact: Ron Lampo

Email: chairman@rockymountainstampshow.



Connecticut May 24

Fourth Sunday Stamp Show New Haven

Philatelic Society, YMA Annex, 554 Woodward

Ave, New Haven.

Contact: Brian McGrath



New York May 29-31

ASDA Show American Stamp Dealers

Association, The Watson Hotel, 440 West 57th

Street, New York. *B*

Contact: Dana Guyer



New Jersey May 30

Clifton NJ Spring Stamp, Coin, Cover and Post

Card Show Clifton Stamp Society, Clifton

Community Recreation Center, 1232 Main Ave

at Washington Ave, Clifton. *B*

Contact: Tom Stidl



Alabama May 30-31

HUNTSPEX 2020 Stamp and Postcard

show Huntsville Philatelic Club, Calhoun

Community College, Sparkman Building 1, 102

Wynn Drive, Huntsville.

Contact: Mike O’Reilly



Virginia June 5-7

NAPEX NAPEX, Inc, McLean Hilton at Tyson’s

Corner, 7920 Jones Branch Dr., McLean. *WSP*

Contact: William Fort




New Jersey June 6

MSC Monthly Bourse Merchantville Stamp

Club, Martin Luther Chapel School Gym, 4100

Terrace Ave, Pennsauken. *B*

Contact: Carol Anne Visalli



Kentucky June 12-13

Louipex 2020 Metro Lousiville Stamp Society,

S.t Leonard Roman Catholic Church (Gym), 440

Zorn Avenue, Louisville.

Contact: German Dillon



Ohio June 12-13

Colopex 2020 Columbus Philatelic Club, St.

Andrew--Nugent Parish Hall, 1899 McCoy Road,

Columbus. *WSP*

Contact: Van Siegling



Oregon June 12-13

SOPEX Stamp Show and Bourse Southern

Oregon Philatelic Society, First United Methodist

Church, 607 W. Main St., Medford.

Contact: Jerry Shean



North Carolina June 18-20

Concord Coin & Stamp Show Cabarrus Arena

and Events Center, 4751 NC Highway 49 North,

Concord. *B*

Contact: Bill Brewer


Pennsylvania June 20-21

SCOPEX 2020 Mt. Nittany Philatelic Society,

American Philatelic Center, 100 Match Factory

Place, Bellefonte.

Contact: Don Heller


New York June 21

Bayside Stamp Show The Adria Hotel, 221-17

Northern Blvd, Bayside, Queens. *B*

Contact: Marilyn Nowak


St. Pierre et Miquelon June 25-28

SPM Expo 2020

Contact: U.S. Commissioner: Mr. Kenneth



Oklahoma June 26-27

OKPEX Oklahoma City Stamp Club, Reed

Conference Center, 5800 Will Rogers Road,

Midwest City. *WSP*

Contact: Joe Crosby



Pennsylvania June 27

Eastern PA Stamp Show (EPASS) Allentown

Philatelic Society, Jordan United Church of

Christ, 1837 Church Road, Allentown. *B*

Contact: Brian Gaydos



Connecticut June 28

Fourth Sunday Stamp Show New Haven

Philatelic Society, YMA Annex, 554 Woodward

Ave, New Haven.

Contact: Brian McGrath



Indiana July 11-12

MSDA Indianapolis Stamp Show Midwest Stamp

Dealers Association, Lawrence Community

Center, 5301 N. Franklin, Lawrence. *B*

Contact: Jim Bardo



Pennsylvania July 13-17

11th Annual Volunteer Work Week American

Philatelic Center, 100 Match Factory Place,


Contact: Education Department



Minnesota July 17-19

Minnesota Stamp Expo Twin City Philatelic

Society and Various Local Clubs, Crystal

Community Ctr., 4800 Douglas Dr., N.,

Minneapolis. *WSP*

Contact: Randy A. Smith




Washington July 18-19

Evergreen Stamp Club Exhibition Evergreen

Stamp Club, Kent Commons Recreation Center,

525 4th Avenue North, Kent.

Contact: Lisa Foster




Ohio July 19

Montrose Stamp Bourse Lincolnway Stamps,

Holiday Inn Akron-West, 4073 Medina Rd,

Akron. *B*

Contact: David Pool


Illinois July 25-26

MSDA Chicago North Stamp Show Midwest

Stamp Dealers Association, Ramada Inn

Wheeling, 1090 S. Milwaukee Ave, Wheeling.


Contact: Jim Bardo




Japan Buy Price for mint, NH, XF

Scott # We Pay Scott # We Pay

1-4 $800 222a 500

5-8 900 Used 350

9-18 1,200 239-252 200

28-31 7,500 271a 250

32-39 2,100 306a 150

40-44 180 311a 150

45-50 900

422a 130

55-67 1,300

425-436 500

68-71 200

456 120

75-84 490

479a 170

91-108 400

113-114 1,000

498a 120

115-125 1,000

509-521B 400

127-147 800 C1-2 550

152-154 500 C3-7 70 Offices in China

Used 200 C8 700 1-18 125

163-166 200 Used 400 22-32 700

171a-176a 350 C9-13 100 33-49 3,000

188-189 300 C14-24 200 Offices in Korea

198-201 $125 C25-38 150 1-14 1,200

We pay top price for covers & FDCs Before 1955.

Postage: Paying 50¢ per 100 Yen face

value in sheet of 20 Yen & up

We will travel for large holdings.

Rising Sun Stamps

3272 Holley Terrace, The Villages, FL 32163-0068

Phone: (Cell) 570-350-4393


Nevada July 25-26

Greater Reno Stamp & Cover Show Nevada

Stamp Study Society, Hall of Fame Museum,

National Bowling Stadium, 300 North Center

St, Reno.

Contact: Erik Fields



North Carolina July 25-26

Charpex 2020 Charlotte Philatelic Society,

Worrell Bldg, Central Piedmont Community

College, 1228 Elizabeth Ave., Charlotte.

Contact: Gene Zhiss




Buyers & sellers of great U.S. revenue stamps for more than 40 years.

Let us help you build YOUR collection!

RJA61b XF NH $295

310 Chestnut St. • Meadville, PA 16335

Phone: 814-724-5824 • FAX: 814-337-8940




See our website

for thousands of

other great U.S.

Revenue Stamps!

$ $

Connecticut July 26

Fourth Sunday Stamp Show New Haven

Philatelic Society, YMA Annex, 554 Woodward

Ave, New Haven.

Contact: Brian McGrath



New Jersey August 1

MSC Monthly Bourse Merchantville Stamp

Club, Martin Luther Chapel School Gym, 4100

Terrace Ave, Pennsauken. *B*

Contact: Carol Anne Visalli



Indonesia August 6-11

INDONESIA 2020 Jakarta.

Contact: U.S. Commissioner: Ms. Vesma Grinfelds



Michigan August 8

Allen Park Stamp Show Allen Park Stamp

Club, Sokol Cultural Center, 23600 W. Warren,

Dearborn Heights. *B*

Contact: Debra Detloff


Washington August 8

Strait Stamp Show Straigt Stamp Society,

Sequim Masonic Lodge, South 5th and Pine,


Contact: Cathie Osborne






CALL: 302-422-2656 • FAX: 302-424-1990








$ $ $

Index of Advertisers

Amos Media/Linn’s Stamp News 321

Antonio M. Torres 354

APRL, APS, Smithsonian National Postal

Museum 11th Postal History Symposium 337

APS Estate Advice 355

APS 2020 Challenge 332, 361

APS, ATA, AFDCS Great American

Stamp Show 344

Argyll Etkin Limited 354

C.G. Auktionshaus Christoph Gäertner

GmbH & Co. KG 305

C&D Philatelics Worldwide Covers 354

Cape Town 2021 International Philatelic

Exhibition 308

Century Stamps 295

CK Stamps 355

Colonial Stamp Company 354

Columbian Stamp Company 355

Daniel F. Kelleher Auctions 296-297

Davidson’s Stamp Service 355

Delcampe International sprl 304

Denali Stamp Co.

www.denalistamps.com1050 354

Don S. Cal 354

Downeast Stamps 357

Dr. Robert Friedman & Sons 299

Dutch Country Auctions 293

E.S.J. van Dam, Ltd. 355

Eastern Auctions, Ltd. 331

Edward D. Younger Co. 302-303

Eric Jackson 358

FLOREX 2020 The Florida State

Stamp Show 355

Frank Bachenheimer 355

Gary Posner, Inc. 335

Gregg Nelson Stamps 355

HB Philatelics 353

Hipstamp 291

Hugh Wood Inc. Insurance 359

International Society of

Guatemala Collectors 358

J.R. Mowbray, Ltd. 355

James E. Lee 349

Kay & Co. 353

Kelleher & Rogers, Ltd. 296-297

Laurence L Winum 354

Markest Stamp Co. C3

Martin Winter 330

Michael Eastick & Associates Pty. Ltd. 355

Miller’s Stamp Company 355

Mountainside Stamps, Coins & Currency 348

Mystic Stamp Company C2, 301

New England Stamp 355

Nieser Stamps & Coins 333

Northland International Trading, LLC 346

Palo Albums Inc. 307

Paradise Valley Stamp Company,

Cornerstamp, Inc. 347

Patricia A. Kaufmann 350

Penny Black Stamp Company 355 301

Posta Faroe Islands 343 347

Randy Scholl Stamp Co. Have Tongs

Will Travel



Rasdale Stamp Company 350

Richard A. Friedberg 350

Rising Sun Stamps 350

Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries, Inc. 289

Rocky Mountain Philatelic Library 355

Rocky Mountain Stamp Show 349


San Pedro Stamp & Coin 354

Scott A. Shaulis 355

Space Cover Store 355

Stampbay, Inc. 355

Stamplister 348

stampsinc 347

Status International Auctions 355

Stephen Pattillo/Quality StampShows 355

Stephen T. Taylor 330

Sterling Stamps 346

Steve Malack 348

Suburban Stamp, Inc. 355

Tropical Stamps, Inc. 354

United States Postal Service 345

Universal Philatelic Auctions 309

Vance Auctions Ltd. 357

Vogt Stamps 355

Waterfowl Stamps and More 341

This index is included to help readers find advertisers included

in this edition of The American Philatelist. The support

of these dealers and services is very important to the APS and

to The AP. Advertising is a privilege of membership and each

business represented here is a member in good standing of

the Society. Some postal organizations, like the U.S. Postal

Service, are not directly members, but are afforded the opportunity

to advertise because of their standing, reputation

and impact on the hobby. Advertising is open to any member

of the American Philatelic Society.

About the Index of Advertisers

For any advertiser that maintains a website, that web address

is listed with their information above. Additionally, the

online version of the journal includes clickable links for each

of these companies and individuals. These links make visiting

the advertisers’ websites easy and avoids the possibility of

mistyping the web address from these listings.

As you interact with these advertisers, please tell them

you saw their ad in The American Philatelist and let them

know that you appreciate their support of the journal and the

hobby in general.




USED and MINT PNCs. Google

“Himes PNCs” or send SASE to J.

Himes, POB 453, Cypress, CA 90630


FREE 40-page U.S. U.N. Pricelist

(412)-431-3800 or view online Fort Pitt

Philatelics PO Box 6009 Pittsburgh

PA 15211 (1441)

UNITED STATES Classic + www.



catalog. US, Foreign stamps;

coins & currency Reeves Box 407

Huntingdon PA 16652 (1434)

US MINT/USED 1840-1940 singles

and plate blocks send on approval.

See it before you buy it. Philatelic

Friends, Box 802, Bear, DE 19701



BLOCKS on approval. Positions

filled. Send me your want list today

John Robie, PO Box 2-A, Linden, CA

95236 (1433) Seller ID

738268 (1434)

U.S. BOOKLET PANES www. Seller ID 738268

(1433) (1440) (1440)

US APPROVALS Beginners welcome.

Lowest prices. Lists welcome. John

Barkdoll POB 751024 Petaluma CA

94975 (1434)


$100 face for $60, free shipping.

Barry Rickert, 26 Schoolhouse Dr,

Danbury CT 06811 (1431)

US Fancy cancels/for scans & prices

contact hughtowaco@optonline.

net (1432)


write or email. Includes 19 th

century to Forever issues, Air Mail,

Ducks and other BOB. Or, visit my

website and shop my online store.

Enter www.thenorthwoodsstamps.

com into your address bar at the

top of the page. Major credit

cards and paypal accepted. John

Brown. Northwoods Stamps. PO

Box 823 Rochester, MN 55903. 507 ) 252-

5956 (1440)

20-33% OF SCOTT $1,000,000

WW inventory. Lots of 19th cent

US & officials, many at CV $200++

Catalog avail. www.BillsStamps.

com Unconditional money-back


214-213-8066 (1436)


738268 (1432)



See it before you buy it. Philatelic

Friends, Box 802, Bear, DE 19701


Walsh Specialized eCatalogues

2020 Newfoundland and

2020 BNA Canada (1439) (1435)

CANADA singles & year sets. Free:

30 pg cat. Lehigh Valley Stamps,

P.O. Box C, Coplay, PA, 18037.

Phone 610-231-1855. Email: (1431)


BRITISH EMPIRE – Extensive stock

with emphasis on pre-1960.

Advise us of your wants. TOGA

ASSOCIATES, Box 396, Fairfield,

CT 06824 203-255-8885 e-mail: (1431)


KING GEORGE VI extensive stock of

Indian States, please send want list


P.O. Box 8689, Cranston, RI 02920


20-33% OF SCOTT $1,000,000

WW inventory. Lots of GB & cols.

Catalog avail. www.BillsStamps.

com Many finer sets & singles up to

$1,000 Unconditional money-back


214-213-8066 (1436)


BELGIAN CONGO. Good prices. Send

wantlist. W Kelly, 3060 Braeloch Cir.

E, Cleawrater, FL 33761 wnkelly@ (1431)

ARMENIA (1440)


738268 (1431) (1435)





— Ask for our free price lists.

1000s of stamps online at www. (1439) (1440)



Sets, Extensive stock www., HSE,

POB 4028, Vineyard Haven, MA

02568, 888/868-8293 (1438)



Sets, Extensive stock www., HSE,

POB 4028, Vineyard Haven, MA

02568, 888/868-8293 (1438)

BELGIUM (1440)

BRAZIL (1442)


JOIN: www.CanalZoneStudyGroup.

com (1432) (1440)


BUY STAMPS at www. (1441) (1435)

CHINA TOP $. jon@

(1431) (1440) (1442)


CUBA Seller ID

738268 (1433) (1435) (1441) (1442)



Sets, Extensive stock www., HSE,

POB 4028, Vineyard Haven, MA

02568, 888/868-8293 (1438)


FRANCE (1440) (1435)



Classified advertising in

The American Philatelist

is a cost-effective way to

get the attention of nearly

30,000 American Philatelic

Society members around

the world. Call or email

Helen today to place your

ad or for more details.

Payment in advance. No change of copy.

No refunds.

1 month 6 months 12 months

1 line $ 3.94 $ 21.28 $ 37.82

2 lines $ 7.88 $ 42.55 $ 75.65

3 lines $ 11.82 $ 63.83 $ 113.47

4 lines $ 15.76 $ 85.10 $ 151.30

5 lines $ 19.70 $ 106.38 $ 189.12

6 lines $ 23.64 $ 127.66 $ 226.94

7 lines $ 27.58 $ 148.93 $ 264.77

8 lines $ 31.52 $ 170.21 $ 302.59

9 lines $ 35.46 $ 191.48 $ 340.42

10 lines $ 39.40 $ 212.76 $ 378.24

11 lines $ 43.34 $ 234.04 $ 416.06

To calculate the number of lines for

your ad, count all letters, numerals,

punctuation and blank spaces

between words. Divide the total

by 34 and round up to the next

whole number. Advertising is

restricted to current APS members;

please include your APS number.

All classified ads must be prepaid.

Send your ad text and payment to

AP Advertising, 100 Match Factory

Place, Bellefonte, PA 16823.

Classified ads may be submitted

online, by fax or via email if

charged to your VISA, MasterCard

or Discover. When submitting

your ad, please include your card

number and expiration date.

Renewals only are accepted by


Renewal Notice: If (1431) appears

after your ad, it expires after this

issue. Deadline for the June issue

is April 25.


738268 (1431) (1435)

20-33% OF SCOTT $1,000,000 WW

inventory. Lots of France & cols.

Catalog avail. www.BillsStamps.

com Many finer sets & singles up to

$1,000 Unconditional money-back


214-213-8066 (1436)



- Ask for our free price lists.

1000s of stamps online at www. (1432)


See it before you buy it. Philatelic

Friends, Box 802, Bear, DE 19701

(1442) (1435) (1440)



Want lists filled, New Issues,

Extensive stock of all Eastern

European countries. www., POB

4028, Vineyard Haven, MA 02568,

888/868-8293 (1433) (1435)

ICELAND (1435)


BUYING & SELLING 888-262-5355 (1432)

IRAN/IRAQ (1440)


20-33% OF SCOTT $1,000,000 WW

inventory. Lots of Italy & colonies

Catalog avail. www.BillsStamps.

com Many finer sets & singles up to

$1000 Unconditional money-back


214-213-8066 (1436)

ITALY (1440) sell at 10%

of Sassone Catalogue on your

wantlist (1440)

JAPAN (1441)



Sets, singles, mint, used. Guy Shaw,

P.O. Box 27138, San Diego, CA

92198 (1435) (1442)

MEXICO (1435) (1442)



JOIN: (1432)

PERU (1442)


738268 (1434)



to New Issues, Year Sets, Back of

Book. Lubelski Philatelic LLC 111

Helen Drive, Rossford, Ohio 43460

Ph: 419-410-9115, Web: www. Email: Dan@ (1440)


Sets, Extensive stock www., HSE,

POB 4028, Vineyard Haven, MA

02568, 888/868-8293 (1438)

PORTUGAL (1440) (1435)



Sets, Extensive stock www., HSE,

POB 4028, Vineyard Haven, MA

02568, 888/868-8293 (1438)


U.N. PRICE LIST, Wm. Henry Stamps,

POB 150010, Kew Gardens, NY





Roman States & Vatican City

Philately Visit New Website www. (1435)

WORLDWIDE (1432) (1439)

SELLER ID 534232: US, Polynesia

(1434) (1441) (1433)

(1442) (1435)

1860/1960 BARGAIN, Large, Small

lots: Best sets, singles, NH/H/

less used: USA, Canada, Britain

& Col. World. (Strong Europe)

Classical Period: Cinderella/Phil.

Memorabilia, S. Cal, BP864 Succ

B Montreal, QC, H3B 3K5 Canada



Packets & Special Monthly Offers!

Order Now! www.Lake-Edge- (1439)


to recent. $18.00 postpaid. R.

Bannister, 111 Daniel Shays Hwy.,

#49 Belchertown, MA 01007 (1433)

60% OFF SCOTT 2019-20, WW

pricelist, early to modern, many

topicals, Quality stamps, Les

Timbres J&M, 1200 Louis-Cyr,

Joliette, QC, Canada, J6E 7B2, (1440)

WARNING Our selections have been

known to be addictive. Receive 15

times scv. Send $24.95 or more,

plus $4.95 S & H receive 15 times

Scotts. Off paper. No Junk. You

will reorder. mnh unused used.

Accept personal checks & Paypal.

Zipstamps c/o J. Lincoln Piscione

360 Cherry Lane Hobart, IN 46342

APS160658 since 1990 (1434)

20-33% OF SCOTT $1,000,000

WW inventory. Lots of Euro cols.

19th century. US, Russia (1920-70),

Japan, Iceland, Liech., Souv. Sheets

Catalog avail. www.BillsStamps.

com Many finer sets & singles up to

$1,000 Unconditional money-back


214-213-8066 (1436)


Search eBay for: “Mac’s Album

Supplements” U.S. 2017-19 and

Ducks 2015-19. Economically

priced (1435)



DISCOUNT 66 2/3% from Current

Scott. Send APS# to Robert

Ducharme, C.P. 592, St. Jerome, QC

J7Z 5V3, Canada (1435)

US AND WORLDWIDE. See it before

you buy it. Philatelic Friends, Box

802, Bear, DE 19701 (1442)


SINGLES by country. Pre 1941 to

2000’s. Some sets available. Many

books with issues of last 10 years.

State interests. Howard Mundt, 415

N Lenfesty, Marion IN 46952 (1436)



ADVANCED. Sets and Singles.

State interest. Larry Serenari, 766

Nestle Quarry Rd., Falling Waters,

WV 25419 (1433)

YOU WILL LOVE my personalized

approval service! Worldwide mint

or used (No U.S.) Send interests:

Linehan P.O. Box 846 Neosho MO

64850 or

Ireland Specialist (1433)


Personal Service, Global sets &

singles. Emporium, 10 Wilmington

Ave., Apt. 109W, Dayton, OH 45420







Exchange after 53 years. Quality

material 25-30% catalogue.

Many Graded Stamps from 80–100


HB Philatelics

Proofs & Essays • Federal & State Hunting Permits

Guy Gasser

P.O. Box 2320 • Florissant, MO 63032

Phone 314-330-8684


Official APS Web Sponsor


Muriel Rowan, 17160 Kinzie St.,

Northridge CA 91325 Email: (1432)

COVERS (1432)

(1437) (1439)


BOYS TOWN invites donations of

U.S. and foreign stamp collections,

coins, currency, and mint U.S.

postage. Help us help kids! Leon

Myers Stamp Center, 13628

Flanagan Blvd., Boys Town, NE

68010. Email stampcenter@ Phone 402-498-1143




C&D Philatelics

Worldwide Covers • Naval

Space • Postal History

1st Time in California

WESTPEX 2020 • Booth 25

April 24–26 • San Francisco, CA

Charlie Hamilton • 540-729-3387


4470 Chippewa Boulder CO 80303



at Scott Value (established 1972)

10% fee in stamps send $1 to Joe

Thatcher PO Box 38 Ironton, MN

56455 (1436)



selection w affordable pricing Fast

& Friendly Service (1439) - come

join the Internet’s newest forum

for discussing all things philatelic!


LITERATURE (1432) Leonard H.

Hartmann (1436)


100 COLLECTORS sell discounted

packets, country collections

on pages/sets in 36 page free

newsletter. Great description.

Alfins, 168 Eaglecrest Drive, Buffton

SC 29909 (1432)

FREE CATALOG. US, British, Europe,

W/W. Many Starter Collections.

Various Sized Lots. No Buyers Fee.

Jarema PO Box 359100, Gainesville,

FL 32635 (1434)




maybe put some of your collection

on some letters? Kindly correspond

with Paul Weidman P.O. Box 742,

Southeastern, PA 19399 (1431)



200 DIFF. STAMPS 70% large WW

only $4.00 per PK +98₵ SASE and

100 WW MNH 70% large stamps

$10 per PK. Towlson, 60 Ivanhoe

Rd., Buffalo, NY 14215 (1433)


(1437) (1439)

+ephemera (1434) (1442)



collections, sets, singles of

everywhere from A-Z. Also

documents and Cinderellas.

Gordon Brooks, Box 100, Station



Years Mint NH Used

1960–1969 $110.00 $90.00

1970–1979 $285.00 $150.00

1980–1989 $425.00 $185.00

1990–1999 $725.00 $470.00

Don S. Cal

PO Box 1732 • Port Angeles, WA 98362

Tel: 250-383-6211 • E-mail:

Dealer member APS since 1985







San Pedro Stamp & Coin

6350 N. Oracle Road • Tucson, AZ 85704

(520) 393-9887 • Email:

Stamps, stationery, postal history,

die proofs from around the World.

Send a note of your interests and we’ll

advise you of suitable items we have.

If in London, please visit our

offices and browse our stock.

Have you visited our DELCAMPE STORE?

1, Wardour Street

London W1D 6PA Great Britain

Phone: 011-44-20-7930-6100

Fax: 011-44-20-7494-2881




N.D.G., Montreal, QC, Canada H4A 3P4 (1434)



gets free U.S. shipping. B and G Sales ebay: or call

317-627-5242 (1436)

TOPICALS (1442) (1437)



anything in foreign postal stationery. Steve

Schumann, 2417 Cabrillo Drive, Hayward, CA

94545 (1439)


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Cranston, RI 02920 401-688-9473


2018 SCOTT CATALOG VOL, 1A tserio@comcast.

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Bridgenorth, ON, Canada K0L 1H0

toll free phone 1-866-382-6326






Visit us online: SHOP.WCP-NM.COM

When in Naples (Florida)

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Ph: 239-732-8000 Fax: 239-732-7701

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Rocky Mountain Philatelic Library

Announcing their Auction Web Site

Featuring Stamps and Covers

Next Auction is May 24, 2020



No. 2, FEBRUARY 29, 2020


The following applications were

received during January 2020.

If no objections are received

by the Executive Director (814-

933-3803) prior to March 31,

2020 these applicants will be

admitted to membership and

notice to this effect will appear

in the May 2020 issue.

Andersen, Steve (231408)

Gresham, OR US-UN; 73;


Ault, William J. (231402)

Indianapolis, IN GENERAL US-




CANADA; 50; Industrial Worker

Aung, San M. (231321)

Alexandria, VA ASIA-ANIMALS-

WORLDWIDE; 60; Patent


Bart, Stephen (231420)

Chillicothe, IL USED US-




Bethel, Ronald (231317) Clyde,







Bishop, James A. (231406)

Englewood, FL



Blackburn, Edward J. Jr. (231417)

Thibodaux, LA OLYMPICS; 71;


Boland, Frederick (231387)

Strasburg, PA 68; Retired US


Bonvouloir, Jim (231401)






Brown, Ronald G. (231377)

Wadsworth, OH

Burke, Sean A. (231351)

Melbourne, Australia


Carey, Tracy (231327) Woodbury,






Chelius, Erik C. (231353)

West Lafayette, IN




Chiu, Douglas (231349) Memphis,





Clark, Roger (231407) Lafayette



Coel, George (231416) Boulder,

CO US; 83; Retired

Conway, Bill (231409) Bethel Park,




DUES; 78; Retired

Cooper, Randy (231337)

Sacramento, CA 19TH





Cox, Beatrice A. (231362)



KENNEDYS; 76; Retired

Crabtree, Nicole (231418)

Kennewick, WA WORLDWIDE-



Davis, Roy F. (231393) Fort Worth,




Railroad Conductor

Decarlo, Danielle (231396) Silver

Spring, MD 39

Deddens, Ted III (231344) Toledo,


55; Operations Manager

den Boer, Peter A. (231363)

Woodstock, GA US-CANADA-

NETHERLANDS; 61; Realtor

Dienst, Erica D. (231403)

Dickinson, TX CLASSICS-




Donati, John E. (231367) Staten



II; 48; Physician

Eisenstein, Martin (231381)

Secaucus, NJ 20TH



US; 65

Erskine, Craig (231330)

Henderson, NV GENERAL US-


Farrokhrooz, Mehdi (231411)

Natick, MA 39; Senior Engineer

Felkins, Greg (231383) Raleigh, NC

Ficko, Joseph (231352) Toronto,



Fletcher, Wayne A. (231397)

Bogalusa, LA GENERAL US-




72; CPA

Foster, Douglas (231313)





Frank, Cynthia (231398)

Plattsburgh, NY




Freeland, Shade (231311)



Fribley, L. (231336) OH OLYMPICS-


Friedemann, Mark (231348)

Tallahassee, FL

Froede, Richard L. (231405)

Edgewood, WA 20TH CENTURY-





Fryn, Denise T. (231329)

Watsonville, CA PLATE BLOCKS-





George, Walter D. (231400)

Amherst, MA COVERS-





Gingras, Martin A. (231370)

Manchester, NH 20TH



Graves, Tim T. (231308) Grand

Junction, CO 19TH CENTURY-






Griffin, Henry A. (231316) Miami,


EUROPE; 77; Retired

Griffin, Mark A. (231309) West

Covina, CA

Guerra Salinas, Nora (231320)

Sugar Land, TX US AND




Guha, Subir (231328) Nashville,





Hadlock, Russ (231346) Douglas,

MA US ONLY; 69; Security Guard


Applications 231102 through

231185 as previously published

have been accepted for

membership by the Board of Vice



Total Membership,

January 31, 2020................... 28,086

New Members 84

Reinstated 119

Deceased 24

Resignations 30

Chapter Disbanded 1

Expulsion 1

Total Membership,

February 29, 2020................. 28,233

(Total Membership, February 28,

2020 was 29,043 a difference of


Hanelly, Bill (231412) State

College, PA

Hanneman, Heather R. (231341)







Hans, Kevin (231423) Arlington,



DEFINITIVES; 55; Civil Servant

Harris, Dale (231345) Reedsport,


Harrison, Linda (231388)

Lewistown, PA PICTURE


HISTORY; 64; Retail

Hatcher, Carrie N. (231384)

Chatsworth, GA REVENUES/





COVERS; 45; Home Maker

Hawker, Leland (231373) Nampa,

ID 75; Retired Military

Heard, Stephen M. (231369)

Commerce Township, MI





Hedges, Kathryn (231360) Crown

Point, IN 72; Retired

Incerti, Claudio Riccardo (231378)

Albberobello (Ba) 70011,





Johns, Kelley V. (231425)

Huntsville, AL USED






Johnson, Gregory S. (231358)






Kader, Victor (230954) La Grange,


(FOREIGN); Retired Teacher; 72

Kelly, Fiona (231404) North

Vancouver, BC Canada


BRITAIN-SPAIN; Self-employed

Kleiber, Ron F. (231338) Erin,



Kollea, Paul (231379) Collierville,

TN 54

Krantweiss, Jeffrey W. (231368)

State College, PA PENN






SEALS; Chief Administrative


Krul, Karen (231322) Sun City




Lescarini, David (231359)

McMinnville, TN FIRST



CHRISTMAS; Management

Lindenmeyer, John C. Jr. (231331)

Chesterton, IN Retired

Lufbery, Adam (231356) Candia,





Lunsford, William J. (231414)

Denver, CO 20TH CENTURY-



Madden, Chris (231324)

Groveland, MA GENERAL



COVERS; 63; Retired

Mamaril, Amado L.

(231424) Lakewood, CA


Records Clerk

Maringer, Richard C. (231347)

Oak Creek, WI FRANCE-


McDaniel, James T. (231372)





52; Electrician

McKenzie, Michael A. (231334)

Roswell, GA

Miles, Larry J. (231386) Raleigh,

NC WORLDWIDE 1840-1940-US-

JAPAN; 74; Retired

Moffitt, James E. (231395)

Maitland, FL BAHAMAS-19TH




Morgan, Andy J. (231376)

Alexandria, VA ; 50; Priest

Mullane, Jonathan (231382)

Cambridge, MA

Murawski, Edward (231364)

Huntington Beach, CA US


Murphy, Thomas A. (231391)





Neville, Jared M. (231340) South





TECHNOLOGY; 61; Retired

Norman, Scott (231374) Wilson,


Norona, Fernando (231392)

Boca Raton, FL BRITISH







O’Bryant, David A. (231394)

Urbana, OH PLATE





Oren, Michael (231312) Bothell,





Palma, Anthony J. (231421)




WASHINGTON; 65; Part-Time

Insurance/Retail Sales

Patton, Cindy (231419) Riverside,





Peters, Eric (231385)

Mechanicsburg, PA 78

Queoff, David (231319) Fitchburg,




Rakowski, James (231413)

Lansing, MI 19TH CENTURY (US




Raub, Allen L. (231335) Roseville,

CA US-EUROPE; 73; Retired


Something for Everyone

Our next


April 29, 2020

Sale 325

• U.S. & Worldwide Stamps

• U.S. EFOs & FDCs • U.S. Fancy Cancels

• U.S. & Worldwide Postal History

incl. stampless covers &

illustrated advertising

• Philatelic Literature

• Autographs & More

Lots from $10 to $2,000 or more.

Our diverse offerings include many XF to

Superb stamps as well as lesser grades.

A great source for all

but the most advanced.

Only 12% buyer’s commission.


52 Fern Street • Bangor, ME 04401-5599

207-942-3825 • Fax 207-942-0808



Rhoads, Thomas K. (231323)

Barstow, CA GENERAL US; 81;


Rito, Gerald T. (231422) Beverly


PARCEL POST; Retired Banker

Roullard, Richard H. (231389) Oak


US; 86; Retired

Rozinsky, Alan (231361) Delray

Beach, FL SPACE; 75; Retired

Russell, Eric C. (231318) Seattle,



Santi, John A. (231415) Hamburg,




Scheidt, Edward (231332) Mc

Lean, VA

Schmidt, Ron (231310) Ferndale,






Seren, Patricia A. (231371)




WORLDWIDE; 73; Retired

Shippee, Steven (231314)

Olympia, WA USMC Retired

Siron, Lawrence J. (231355)



71; Air Conditioning Service

Skoog, Alan (231365) Chadwick,



Slieker, Marcel J. (231357) Capelle

aan den IJssel, Netherlands



US-POSTAL CARDS; 44; Teacher

Stalter, Harriet K. (231366)

Gagetown, MI ; 71

Steefel, John (231390) White

Plains, NY US; Retired

Steiner, Asa M. (231380) Three





21; Rancher

Stephens, Jody (231354)

Longmont, CO FRANCE

Stevenson, Robert F. II (231339)

Madison, AL 19TH CENTURY-


GENERAL US; 59; Retired

Stribling, Tom (231333)

Highlands, NC US PRIOR TO

1942; Retired

Summers, Robert (231375) Winter





LIFE; 70; IT Exec

Symon-Simmions, Aretha (231326)

San Antonio, TX FIRST DAY




Medical Assistant

Tanberg, Steven (231399) Groton,




Waddington, Patrick (231342)

Newport News, VA 65; Retired

Waskiel, Andrzej S. (231325) Palos



Weeden, Steve (231350)



WORLDWIDE; Graphic Designer

Welsh, Ellen (231426)

Norcross, GA AIR MAILS-






Wendel, Monica J. (231315)

Bridgton, ME 53

Wilkes, Bruce (231427) Peyton, CO




Wood, Richard W. (231343) Vista,




87; Retired

Zaky, Cynthia J. (231410) Middle

Island, NY 19TH CENTURY-20TH





Bloecher, John H. (4846-071108),

Bethesda, MD

Boyden, James N. (10386-071979),

Mill Creek, WA

Bridges, Eddie (224749), New

York, NY

Bruner, James P. (174403), Monroe,


Curtin, Richard F. (098651),

Coalinga, CA

Genest, Curtis A. (226772),

Cheshire, CT

Gugelman, Donald E. (151418),

Richmond, VA

Hood, Gerald E. (174430), North

Charleston, SC

Howe, Ernest E. (6223-044706),

Holly Lake Ranch, TX

Malott, Richard K. (117988),

Ottawa, ON

Martin, John P. (099998), Chico, CA

Morrow, Gerald J. (11388-073299),

Northampton, PA

Nolan, William A. (230003), Duluth,


Perry, Douglas (179615), Fresno,


Renz, R. Leroy (225786), Arkansas

City, KS

Rhoades, Bartlett R. (104190), San

Francisco, CA

Sackett, William H. (127421),

Riverside, CA

Skinner, James B. (7227-096485),

Stoney Point, ON

Snyder, Laura (182696), Sierra

Vista, AZ

Spratt, Harold A. (171481),

Oriental, NC

Stearns, James D. (087675), Iron

Mountain, MI

Walther, Betty (092065), Vacaville,


Wilkins, Robert F. (216369),

Nekoosa, WI

Witsil, Jack D. (150169), Niagara

Falls, NY

Chapter Disbanded

Outagamie Philatelic Society



Ramsey, Lionel (223728) Dallas,

TX, for conduct unbecoming a

member for failure to account

for two sales circuits (Violation

of APS Code of Ethics #8).



Arnold Palmer

Issue: Arnold Palmer


Item Number: 475900

Denomination & Type

of Issue: First-Class

Mail Forever

Format: Pane of 20 (1


Issue Date & City:

March 4, 2020,

Orlando, FL 32862

Art Director, Designer

and Typographer:

Antonio Alcalá,

Alexandria, VA

Photo: James Drake

Modeler: Joseph



Process: Offset,


Printer: Ashton Potter (USA) Ltd. (APU)

Press Type: Muller A76

Print Quantity: 25,000,000 stamps

Paper Type: Nonphosphored Type III, Block Tag

Adhesive Type: Pressure-sensitive

Processed at: Ashton Potter (USA) Ltd. (APU)

Colors: Black, Cyan, Magenta, Yellow

Stamp Orientation: Vertical

Stamp sizes:

Image Area (w x h): 0.84 x 1.42 in./21.336 x 36.068 mm

Stamp Size (w x h): 0.98 x 1.56 in./24.892 x 39.624 mm

Pane Size (w x h): 5.92 x 7.5 in./150.368 x 190.5 mm

Plate Number: “P” followed by four (4) single digits

Marginal Markings:

Front: Plate number in bottom two corners

Back: 2 Barcodes (475900) • ©2019 USPS • USPS logo •

Promotional text

Maine Statehood

Issue: Maine Statehood Stamp

Item Number: 476100

Denomination & Type of Issue: First-Class Mail Forever

Format: Pane of 20 (1 design)

Series: Statehood

Issue Date & City: March 15, 2020, Augusta, ME 04330

Art Director, Designer, Typographer: Derry Noyes,

Washington, DC

Existing Art: Edward Hopper

Modeler: Joseph Sheeran

Manufacturing Process: Offset, Microprint

Printer: Ashton Potter (USA) Ltd. (APU)

Press Type: Muller A76

Print Quantity: 20,000,000 stamps

Paper Type: Nonphosphored Type III, Block Tag

Adhesive Type: Pressure-sensitive

Processed at: Ashton Potter (USA) Ltd. (APU)

Colors: Black, Cyan, Magenta, Yellow

Stamp Orientation: Horizontal

Stamp Sizes:

Image Area (w x h): 1.42 x 0.84 in./36.068 x 21.336 mm

Stamp Size (w x h): 1.56 x 0.98 in./39.624 x 24.892 mm

Full Pane Size (w x h): 7.24 x 5.92 in./183.896 x 150.368 mm

Plate Numbers: “P” followed by four (4) single digits in four corners

Marginal Markings: 2 Barcodes (476100) • ©2019 USPS • USPS logo

• Promotional text


Thursday, April 2

Boutonniere and Corsage

Crestwood, Kentucky

Saturday, April 18

Earth Day

Denver, Colorado

Upcoming USPS Dedication Ceremonies

(Dates and Times subject to change. All are Forever Stamps)

Friday, April 24


(Global Forever Stamp)


Burlingame, CA


Wednesday, May 13

American Gardens

Winterthur, DE

Thursday, May 21

Voices of the Harlem


New York, NY


No official releases

as of March 9




ARMENIA — Children’s Philately

As the latest in their series of Children’s Philately, Armenia issued a single stamp on December

24, 2019, depicting David of Sassoun, the hero of the Armenian cartoon Daredevils

of Sassoun, an epic poem in four cycles. The story of David of Sassoun is considered “one

of the great stories of all time, which for sheer excitement and beauty may well challenge

comparison with the Homeric epics: a thousand-year-old tale destined to be a modern classic.” The cartoon depicts the epic struggle of four

generations of warriors against Arab rule and is considered one of Armenia’s most important works of folklore. Find the stamp and further

information at:

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA — 350th Anniversary of the Death of Rembrandt van Rijn

To commemorate the 350th anniversary of the death of Rembrandt van Rijn, Bosnia and Herzegovina issued

a souvenir sheet featuring one of his most famous paintings, De Nachtwacht (The Night Watch). Also

known as Militia Company of District II under the Command of Captain Frans Banninck Cocq or The Shooting

Company of Frans Banning Cocq and Willem van Ruytenburch, the huge (363 cm × 437 cm) painting

is part of the Amsterdam Museum collection on display in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Completed in 1642, the painting took Rembrandt three years to finish. It has hung in the Rijksmuseum since

it was built in 1885. It was called The Night Watch due to the fact that a dark varnish used to protect the work

gave it a darker, night-time tone. To hide it from the art-pilfering Nazis in 1939, the painting was rolled on a

cylinder and stored, with other works of art, in the caves of Maastricht, Netherlands. This work of art, depicted

on a souvenir sheet issued on October 4, 2019, can be found at:

BOTSWANA — Places of Interest in Botswana

“Places of Interest in Botswana” is the name given to a set of four stamps issued on December

5, 2019. On the 2-pula stamp, the 20-metre-high rock outcropping known as Lekhubu

Island is a sacred place where hunting and removal of any local rocks or fruit is

prohibited by law. A mighty baobab tree is shown in the top corner. The 5-pula issue depicts

Sedudu Island, which is submerged by flood waters from the Chobe River each rainy season

but otherwise is the home of multitudes of elephants, buffalo and birds. The disputed

island became part of Botswana in 1999 and flies the national flag to proclaim ownership,

as granted by the International Court of Justice. Gcwihaba Caves (7-pula) is described by

Botswana Tourism as “a fascinating underground labyrinth of caverns and pits, linked passages,

fantastical stalagmite and stalactite formations, and beautifully coloured flowstones

that appear like waterfalls of rock.” Also depicted on the 7-pula stamp is one of the three species of bats that inhabit the area. Finally, the 10-pula

Moremi Gorge stamp depicts the third of five waterfalls in the area and a Bloom Cluster Fig tree. More details about the stamps and ordering information

can be found at:

CANADA — Black History Month

Canada Post continued its annual Black History Month series with a single, self-adhesive booklet stamp featuring

the Maritimes Colored Hockey Championship. Issued on January 24, 2020, the stamp names some of the teams

that participated in the league from 1895 to the 1930s - Jubilees, Stanleys, Eurekas, Sea-Sides, Victorias, Rangers,

Royals and Moss Backs. The Colored Hockey League was established 22 years before the National Hockey League

by Baptist Church leaders and was rooted in Nova Scotia with hundreds of players and a dozen teams at its peak.

The illustration on the stamp is from an historical photograph of the 1904 Colored Hockey Champions, the Halifax

Eurekas. This stamp and other new Canadian stamps can be found online at:

COSTA RICA — 50th Anniversary of the Pact of San José

Costa Rica marks the 50th anniversary of the Pact of San José

with a pair of se-tenant stamps issued on November 22, 2019. The Pact, also known as the American

Convention of Human Rights, was adopted in 1969 by a number of western hemisphere

countries. Its purpose, as stated in the Pact’s preamble, is “to consolidate in this hemisphere, within

the framework of democratic institutions, a system of personal liberty and social justice based

on respect for the essential rights of man." The 945-colones stamp features the Inter-American

Court of Human Rights headquarters, and the smaller 685-colones stamp shows the mallet used

during sessions.


FRANCE — Andrée Chedid

Andrée Chedid, according to La Poste, was a “Poetess, novelist, playwright, lyricist” who “tirelessly questioned the

human condition . . . Her work reflects the urgency to celebrate the deep value of life, beyond generational, religious,

cultural, geographic differences.” Born in Cairo of Lebanese ancestry, Chedid moved to Paris after the Second World

War and in time devoted herself to poetry. After 15 years in that genre, she began writing novels, some of which,

including Le Sixième Jour and L’Autre, were made into films. In time she added short stories, songs, children’s books

and plays to her oeuvre. La Poste noted: “she strives in her poems as in her novels to build bridges between the past

and the present, between the Middle East and the West.” In 1979, Chedid won the Goncourt Prize for short story, and

the Goncourt Prize for poetry in 2002.

The stamp will be available on March 23, 2020, from the website According to La Poste,

this stamp marks the first of a new format “consisting of 15 stamps on a sheet format of 143 mm x 185 mm with

illustrated margins. This new format should allow greater accessibility of products in post offices and meet the expectations

of philatelists.”

FRENCH POLYNESIA — Polynesian Culture

The post office of French Polynesia introduced this figure of the god A’a on December 13, 2019, as the first in a series

of stamps highlighting Polynesian culture. Carved from Pua wood in the 16th century, the depicted statue is 36 cm x

117 cm, with a panel-covered cavity in the back presumed to hold the bones of a revered ancestor. The figure shown

here was discovered by European missionaries on the island of Rurutu, the northernmost island of French Polynesia.

The inhabitants were suffering from European-introduced diseases and they offered the statue to the missionaries to

prove their allegiance to Christianity, possibly in hopes that the Christian God could stave off the sickness. It was later

donated to the London Missionary Society in 1821 and subsequently to the London Museum in 1890. The element of

mystery and undeniable power of the statue has fascinated people for many years. Several replicas have been made for

touring and display purposes at worldwide exhibitions. A copy also resides on Rurutu. Information on this stamp can

be found at:

GUINEA — Guineafowl

The Republic of Guinea issued a set of four and a souvenir sheet depicting guineafowl (les pintades in

French or Numida meleagris in Latin) on August 28, 2019. The birds are indigenous to Africa and consist of

a number of species; the stamp issue depicts the helmeted guineafowl. Though guineafowl are strong fliers,

they nest on the ground and subsist on insects and seeds. They often follow herds of grazing mammals or

nest under trees inhabited by monkey troops in search of manure containing undigested seeds or maggots.

They play an important role in the control of locusts, flies, spiders, ants and ticks. The stamps are available

as perforated and imperforate issues from

MACAU — 20th Anniversary of the

Reunification of Macau with the Motherland

Macau celebrated the 20th anniversary of the Reunification of Macau with the Motherland

with the issuing of a set of four stamps, a sheetlet and a souvenir sheet on December 20, 2019.

According to the Macau website, “The old and new scenic spots of Macao, including the Golden

Lotus Flower, the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge, the Ruins of St. Paul’s, the Our Lady of

Penha Chapel and A-Ma Temple, are delineated on the stamps.” The souvenir sheet, shown here,

“sketches a key innovation — a high-performance millimeter-wave electrical oscillator — developed

by a research team at the University of Macau.” The stamps and souvenir sheet are available

online from:

TONGA — Birds of Prey

The Pacific island Kingdom of Tonga issued the second part in their series of Birds of Prey

on November 18, 2019. The stamps are available as a set of four, souvenir sheet, or miniature

sheet repeating the stamps. The first, a $2.25 value, features a Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyia)

perched on a branch. Primarily found in South America, they are one of the world’s largest

predatory birds. The Rough-legged Hawk (Buteo lagopus) is shown on the $2.70 stamp. Also

called a buzzard, it is found primarily in the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions of North America.

Shown in full flight, its feet are covered in feathers to protect them from the cold. The African

Fish Eagle (Haliacetus vocifer) is depicted on the $4.20 issue and is native to sub-Saharan

Africa. It is shown catching its favourite meal, hence the reason for its name. The $9.20 stamp

represents the Black and Chestnut Eagle (Spozaetus isidori) shown in its nest. The bird to the

right is the adult with the different-colored eaglet to the left.



BY BOB LAMB • AP Columnist


Status: Republic in Southern Europe

Population: 62,402,659 (2019 est.)

Area: 116,348 sq. miles

Currency: 100 cents = 1 Euro (€1 = $1.08)

The collapse of the Roman Empire in the fifth

century left the Italian peninsula a collection of rival and often feuding

city-states. Over the next thousand years, many of these states enjoyed

Italy, 1847

considerable prosperity. A number were leaders in the aEuropean Renaissance.

Several became continental powers. But political unity was elusive. In

1847, Metternich, the long-time Austrian foreign minister, famously declared

Italy to be “a geographical expression... devoid of all political meaning.”

A map of Italy in 1847 would seem to support this judgement. “Italy” consisted

of three kingdoms, one grand duchy, two duchies, and the Papal States. Of the

kingdoms, the Two Sicilies was ruled by the Spanish Bourbons from their capital in

Naples, and Lombardy-Venetia was under the personal rule of the Austrian emperor.

The grand duchy of Tuscany, like the duchies of Parma and Modena, were ruled by

scions of other European royal families. Only the Kingdom of Sardinia, under the

House of Savoy, was committed to a unified Italy.

By the time Metternich offered this judgment, however, it was no longer true. The Napoleonic

era had undermined the structures of feudalism and spread republican principles in Italy. Nationalist

agitation was widespread. After unsuccessful efforts to reduce the Austrian control, the Sardinians

enlisted French support in 1859 to drive Austria out of Lombardy. After that success, Tuscany and the

two duchies ousted their rulers and merged with Sardinia in March 1860. In May, Garibaldi and his

volunteers landed in Sicily and routed the Neapolitan army. Sardinian troops marched into the Papal

States in 1860, though the French insisted that the Pope keep Rome. On

March 17, 1861, Victor Emmanuel of Sardinia was proclaimed King of

Italy. Italy gained Venetia in 1866 and Rome in 1870.

When Austria released its first stamps on June 1, 1850, it issued

stamps for Lombardy-Venetia at the same time. The stamps, like the

Austrian issue, depicted the Hapsburg eagle, but were denominated in

Centesimi rather than Kreuzer. Lombardy-Venetia stamps were discontinued

in 1866.

Cavour, the civic-minded Sardinian Prime Minister, saw a good

postal system as an instrument of unification. It is not surprising

therefore that on January 1, 1851, Sardinia became the first Italian

state to issue stamps. They were printed in Turin with an image of

King Victor Emmanuel. The neighboring states followed quickly:

Tuscany (1851), Modena, Parma and Roman States (1852) and

Two Sicilies (1858). The region of Romagna broke away from the Papal States in 1859 and issued

stamps briefly before joining Sardinia.

Sardinian stamps continued in use after the establishment of the Kingdom of Italy.

The first stamp to bear a reference to Italy appeared in 1863. During World War II, the

Allies issued stamps for occupied Sicily. After the Italian surrender in 1943, Mussolini

set up the German-backed Italian Social

Republic in Northern Italy which

issued stamps throughout 1944. Italy

became a republic in 1946. It converted

to the Euro in 2002.


APS/APRL Annual Development Report

To Our Valued Members

Philately and


Nearly $2.2 million

Cash Gifts


Percent of Members

making a donation to

Society or Library


Volunteers at

Volunteer Work Week

About 1,500

Contributing or

Supporting Members


From Sale of

Donated Stamps

About 650

11,000 In-Kind Gifts

Hours Donated by



Members Very Generous

As the American Philatelic Society celebrates its 134th year, we remain a financially secure organization, serving our

members’ needs and promoting the growth and development of philately.

The Society is blessed with countless people who have accepted the challenge to help the Society and Library keep pace

with an ever-changing hobby. This 2019 Roll of Honor publicly acknowledges our members and friends who invested in the

future of philately through their contributions during 8the year. We sincerely appreciate their support.

The Society and Library received just under $2.2 million

in cash from gifts during 2019. For the fifth consecutive

year, more than 14% of our membership

made a cash gift.

More than $1.5 million of the cash gifts came from the

estate of Roger Albanese of Washington, which allowed us to

make significant progress in paying down debt on the American

Philatelic Center. World Stamp Show New York 2016

provided $125,000 as technology matching funds and over

$7,500 to help fund a third-party review of our Expertizing

Service, raising the show’s cumulative support to the Society

and Library to more than $250,000.

Hugh Wood, Inc., the firm that offers specially-priced

philatelic insurance to APS members, gave the APS $35,000

toward our insurance premiums. We also received $35,000

from the estate of George Ashman of Pennsylvania, $10,000

from the estate of Dilmond Postlewait of Oklahoma, and

$6,500 from the estate of James Rasdale of Illinois.

Board member Mark Schwartz gave four gifts totaling

over $10,000, and Board member Rich Drews gave seven gifts

totaling over $7,000, in support of Expertizing, the Library,

the Young Philatelic Leaders Fellowship program, and the

Employee Appreciation Fund. Jack Dykhouse gave $7,000 in

cash support and a major gift of Vietnamese stamps with an

appraised value of nearly $100,000.

We received 75 gifts in memory of members who passed

away, 10 gifts in honor of members, and six gifts that were

matched by employers. In addition, the Society and Library

received more than 650 in-kind gifts that helped our Library,

improved our Reference Collection, and provided material

to help promote the hobby to youth and adults. The Society

saved over $55,000 by using donated mint U.S. stamps it received

from members.

Although not treated as donations, two sponsors provided

invaluable support in 2019: The United States Postal

Service, which continued its assistance with our August

StampShow, and the American Association of Philatelic Exhibitors,

which sponsored all of the major awards for our

winter show, Ameristamp Expo 2019.

About 15 donors have current multi-year pledges, which

are accepted for as little as $100. We also have about 30 Future

Builders who make regular monthly gifts to the APS/

APRL, which are charged to their credit card or deducted

from their checking account.

Gifts of all size are important. Forty gifts helped support

our Young Philatelic Leaders Fellowship, and others helped

provide scholarships for youth to attend our annual Summer


Roger S. Cichorz has made cash gifts for 46 consecutive

years, Ernest L. Bergman for 42 consecutive years, Drew A.

Nicholson for 41 years, and Robert C. Merrill for 40 years.

We also should not forget the invaluable volunteer support

provided by a few hundred APS members, at both the

American Philatelic Center and from a distance. During

2019, 11,000 hours of volunteer support were provided at

the American Philatelic

Center in Bellefonte. This

is the equivalent of 5.5

full-time employees.

The recognition pages

that follow chronicle the

gifts for the year of 2019

that total $25 or more and

in-kind donations valued

at $100 or more. This

includes around 1,500

members who support us

as contributing or supporting

members. We appreciate

the confidence of

the many members who

provide unrestricted gifts,

which allow us maximum

flexibility to put the money to the best use. At the same

time, we thank those members who chose to support specific

activities such as our youth programs, the Library, our

Expertizing Service, and our endowment funds. These donor-directed

contributions help us to achieve and maintain

the quality programs and services members have come to

expect from the APS and APRL.

A special thanks to the Campaign for Philately Committee,

which provides assistance with the Society’s fundraising.

The Committee, chaired by Alex Haimann, includes Michael

Bloom, Ken Grant, Patricia Kauffmann, Patricia Stilwell-

Walker, and Robert Zeigler.

We welcome your suggestions and questions. Please contact

Executive Director Scott English, or

814-933-3814, with your inquiries. Thank you for your continued


Individual Cash Contributors


Estate of Roger A.



Estate of

George W. Ashman


Carol A. Giles-Straight

Patricia A. Kaufmann

Estate of

Dilmond D. Postlewait

Mark S. Schwartz


James A. Allen

Richard E. Drews

Jack R. Dykhouse

Patrick M. Farrell

Alfredo Frohlich

Cheryl R. Ganz

Fred F. Gregory

Elizabeth M. Hisey

George J. Kramer

Alfred F. Kugel

James E. Lee

James E. Lurie

Thomas P. Myers

Wade E. Saadi

Lamar & Jean Stout


James & Susanbeth Dempsey

Scott D. English

Cyrus C. Lauriat

Robert Bruce Marsden

Kenneth P. Martin

Barry L. Moerke

Ronald L. Smith

Bill Strauss


Paul C. Aspinwall

Alan R. Barasch

Thomas H. Bieniosek

Thomas W. Broadhead

Charles E. Compton, III

Ken Deaver

C. David Eeles

Mark Endicott

Darrell R. Ertzberger

Kenneth B. Grant

Alexander T. Haimann

Mark E. Hegman

Don E. Heller

Eric A. Jackson

Richard Judge

Paul J. Kelly

Yamil Kouri

Anna Lee

Andrew C. Lehmann

Kurt Lenz

Dwayne O. Littauer

Bryan I. Lorber

Rob Lund

John M. Mattingly

Jay S. McCoy

Irving & Donna Miller

Marshall Northington

William A. O’Conner

Lanny Peterson

Stanley M. Piller

Fabio Refosco

Dale E. Smith

Harlan & Helen Stone

Ronald E. Strawser

W. Danforth &

Patricia Stilwell Walker

Alan Warren


Joan E. Anderson

Gary Barsellotti

Michael Bloom

Stephen J. Bonowski

Roger S. Brody

John A. Brown

Thomas O. Carlson

Diane S. Clark

John M. Conklin

Anthony F. Dewey

James R. Dimond

Clayton Finney

Greg Galletti

Dennis R. Gilson

John M. Hamman

Robert R. Hegland

Gary G. Hendren

Kathryn J. Johnson

William R. Klein

Michael R. Lampson

Hugh Lawrence

Alan E. Leighton

David W. Lentz

Richard C. Liesche

David M. Lloyd

Foster E. Miller, III

Ralph H. Nafziger

Kyle Nichols

Kenneth & Pat Nilsestuen

Timothy P. O’Connor

Calvin R. Osman

Arthur Thaddeus Perry

James H. Peterson

James C. Risner

Gerald L. Robbins

Steven J. Rod

William A. Sandrik

William R. Schultz

Clarence A. Stillions

Keith S. Stupell

Alan L. Ward

John Webster

Marva L. Williams

Jeff T. Wilson

Charles C. Wooster

Reginald R. Wright

Mitchell M. Zais

Robert G. Zeigler


Kathleen Abbott

Tarik A.

Akthem Al-Manaseer

Donald P. Avery

Ted Bahry

John P. Beall

Paul M. Benson

Robert R. Berthet

Lyle C. Boardman

Raymond J. Burby

Gregory L. Cain

Chris W. Calle

Kathleen Cameron

Paul E. Camp

John A. Carlson

Elizabeth W. Carter

Howard S. Chapman

Harry K. Charles, Jr.

Arthur J. Cole

Paul D. Cook

Robert J. Cordaro

Santiago Cruz

Allison W. Cusick

James M. DeLine

Louis DeRudder

Donald L. DeWitt

Robert J. Ellis

Roe Emery

Clark Frazier

Edward J. J. Grabowski

Richard A. Greenberg

Manfred Groth

Charles D. Hale, Jr.

Edward K. Harr, Sr.

Dale E. Harris

Robert Dalton Harris &

Diane DeBlois

Steven Heaney

Charles K.

Hirchert Estate


Organization Cash Contributors


World Stamp Show New York 2016


Hugh W. Wood, Inc.


Daniel F. Kelleher Auctions LLC


British North America Philatelic Society

Confederate Stamp Alliance

Crescent City Stamp Club of New Orleans

Dallas/Park Cities Phil. Soc.

Federation of Central NY Phil. Societies

Houston Philatelic Society

Mt. Nittany Philatelic Society

Tuscaloosa Stamp Club


Centre Foundation

Knoxville Philatelic Society

Mountain Home Area

Stamp Club

Philatelic Club of Will County

Utah Philatelic Society


Austin Texas Stamp Club

Columbia Philatelic Society

Cumberland Valley

Philatelic Soc.

Exxon Mobil Foundation

Kingdom Philatelic Association

Reading Stamp Collectors Club

Warren County Stamp Club


Annapolis Stamp Club

Benner Township Supervisors

Butler County Philatelic Society

Central PA Chapter of MOAA

Charlottesville Stamp Club

Chicago Philatelic Society

Coryell’s Ferry Stamp Club

East Bay Collectors Club

Fort Steuben Stamp Club

Garfield-Perry Stamp Club

Glen Ellyn Philatelic Club

Indiana Stamp Club

Jackson Philatelic Society

Johnson, Mirmiran & Thompson

Merchantville Stamp Club

North Shore Philatelic Society

Pennsylvania Postal History Society

Pensacola Philatelic Society

Sun City Hilton Head Stamp

Collectors Club

U. S. Philatelic Classics Society

Venice Stamp Club


Bank of America

Black River Stamp Club

Cap’t Townsend Stamp Club

Chevron Matching

Employee Funds

Collectors Club of Akron

Great Bay Stamp Club

Susquehanna Valley Stamp

and Postcard Club

TEXPEX Foundation

Wyoming Valley Stamp Club


Buffalo Stamp Club

Collier County Stamp Club

Newburyport Stamp Club

North Jersey SCC 9

Samuel Osgood Stamp Club

Upper Valley Stamp Club

Santa Rosa Stamp Club

Tom Hirschinger

Jan H. Hofmeyr

Edward W. Hughes

Sandeep Jaiswal

Grant W. Kehres

Richard D. Kinner

Donald R. Kurki

Paul A. Larsen

Luca Lavagnino

Burton H. Leib

Andrew &

Sandra Lingler

Gary W. Loew

Karl-Albert Louis

Barbara M.


Loren Lyall

John McNeill

Robert C. Merrill

Melina M. Micich

Dana A. Middleton

Richard J. Miller

Donald E. Morel

Eric M. Neishloss

Paul A. Openhym

Stephen B. Pacetti

Richard D. Pankey

Donna Peak

William D.


Dennis S. Peoples

Edward B. Perrin

C. M. Posner

Gary Posner

E. K. Prugh

Louis W. Ricker

Andy Ring

James O. Rodner

Robert G. Rose

Schuyler J. Rumsey

Sam G. Smith

Herbert C. Spomer

Webster F. Stickney

Timothy & Sandra


Steve L. Swain

Duncan N. Tanner

Mark W. Taylor

Thomas Tomaszek

Kenneth H. Trettin

Virginia Tupper

Michael S. Turrini

Stephen Vincent

James P. Weidener


Douglas L.


Thomas H. Adams

Allan M. Adelson

Harry L. Albert, Jr.

Bruce S. Albright

Roger K. Alderson

Jacquelyn S. Alton

Rudolf E. H. Anders

Joseph Arsenault

Robert D. Asbury

Arthur W. Askey, Jr.

Grant Auchincloss

W. Terry Averbeck

Edward M. Azarian

Edward Bailey

David A. Baker

John A. Baker

Steven A. Balch

Phil Bansner

William D. Barkley

Jeremiah J. Barrett

Peter Barrett

John H. Barwis

Steven R. Bassett

Danny C. Bates

Edmond E. Bates, Jr.

James L.

Baumann, Ph.D.

Robert C. Beach

John B. Beaman

John J. Beirne

Charles Benson

David Benson

John R. Bereuter

Ernest L. Bergman

Robert Berkes

Joanne Berkowitz


Jay Bigalke

Barry D. Black

Leslie Blacksburg

Helmut Blaschczyk

Randolph E. Block

Leonard E. Bloom

Rick Bolsom

Don J. Bona

Peter D. Bonanno

Gary G. Bonnell

Michael Borut

Paula Botstein

Paul A. Bouis

L. Stephen Brace

Scott M. Bradley

David J. Brennan

Eric J. Bridge

Eddie Bridges

Blaine A. Briggs

Jean C. Briggs

Ronald C. Brodesser

Robert E. Brolin

Ned L. Brown

Ronald J. Bruner

Ben Bryan, Jr.

Richard W. Buhrman

Diane J. Bullock

Daniel J. Bulver

Timothy B. Burgess

John T. Burnett

Robert D. Busch

Leslie E. Butler

Hugh L. Calibani

Glenn T. Cambre

Alfred E.

Cambridge, Jr.

Robert H. Cameron

Andres Candela

Marvin C. Carlberg


Gary A. Carlington

John Carr

William H. Carson

Bala B. Carver

Sidney M. Casel

Martin M. Cassity, Jr.

Richard C. Celler

Ruben C. Cervantes

Leong Mun Cheong

Anthony C.


Roger S. Cichorz

Ronald W. Ciesiel

James S. Clarke

John L. Clay

Nancy M. Cline

Richard W. Cline

Edward W. Coble

Judyth K. Cole

Sean L. Coleman

Frank D. Correl

Kenneth R. Coulson

Wallace A. Craig

Stan Cromlish

John R. Crosiar

John S. Cross

Merrill G. Culver, Jr.

Richard F. Czaja

Richard B.

Darmon, Jr.

Beverly E. Davis

Michael J.


Lloyd A. de Vries

John F. DeBord, Jr.

Robert B. Dendtler

Curtis R. Derr

Jeffrey T. Dietz

Eric R. Dinallo

John A. Dix

Robert C. Dix

Sheldon N. Dobres

Donald R. Dolan, Jr.

Charles E. Doll, Jr.

Wayne B. Dowdey

Patrick J. Dowling

Gregory A. Drake

Jason A. Drake

Thomas F. Dudash

John P. Duffy

Ann Dunkin

Robert Duva

Harry L. Eaby

Donn M. Ebert

James J. Economos

Faye T. Edenfield

James C. Edwards, Jr.

Jerry F. Eggleston

Mark D. Egli

Harry V. Ellis, III

Joseph D. Ellis, III

William E.


Michael B.


Johnny M. Estes

Richard J. Faller

George F. Farrell, III

Mike Fenton

John B. Field

Larry D. Fillion

Robert A. Finder

Robert A. Fisher

Marvin E. Fletcher

Anders Flodin

Jane K. Fohn

Cliff Foley

Lisa K. Fox

Gerald Frazier

Charles Freise

Jameson S. French



Barrington Friedman

Martin L. Friedman

Charles E. Fuller

Howell N. Gage

Robert Galkin

Thomas A. Galloway

Lee Ann Gardner

Patricia Garman

Richard T. Garner

Georg Gauger

Wayne R. Gehret

Donald R. Getzin

Rick G. Gibson

Charles C.

Gilbert, III

David E. Gillis

Michael R. Girard

Stan I. Glasofer

Robert L. Glass

Edward W.

Gnehm, Jr.

Thomas A. Goldner

Robert V. Grabeck

Charles W. Green

Ernest Thomas


Truyde S. Greiner

Carol A. Grosvenor

Hardy Gruen

Lawrence M.


Earl R. Hackett

Harry Hagendorf

Paul C. Hager

Keith R. Hall

Vinh Hang

John A. Hanjian

William H.

Hannum, Jr.

Richard A.


Charles F.

Harrienger, Jr.

William T. Harris, III

Barbara A. Harrison

Donald E. Harrop

Paul S. Harter

Michael Harvey

John M. Haworth

David Heckman

James E. Hemphill

Rietta C. Henderson

Robert Henrikson

Charles W.

Herren, Jr.

Joseph W. Hills

Ernest G. Hinck

Robert E. Hodges

Wayne L. Hoeschen

Frederick A. Hofer

Allen Hoffman

Robert A. Holcomb

Bradley A. Hooper

James M. Hopper

Gerald K. Hornung

James H. Howard, Jr.

Rich Howard

Andrew D. Huber

Stuart J. Huddleston

Jonathan Humble

Lawrence J. Hunt

Ken Hunter

Jon A. Hussey

Mark S. Indelicato

G. Brinton Ingram

Takuzo Inoue

James M. Inverarity

Stewart H. Jaehnig

Jerome C. Jarnick

J. S. Jenkins

Jeff A. Jenkins

John D. Jennison

Gretchen E. Jensen

Miss Patricia S. Joe

Jonathan L.

Johnson, Jr.

Nancy E. Johnson

Sheldon C. Johnson

Timothy Johnson

Michael S. Jones

Rodney A. Juell

Christopher R. Juten

Jerry D. Kahn

William C. Kahrs

Myron Kaller

Barton D. Kamp

Robert J. Karrer, Jr.

Jerome V. V. Kasper

John W. Katz

Sheldon Katz

Julie Marie Kaufman

Donald L. Keel

Stuart Keeley

Randall T. Kelly

Kenneth Kendrick

Gail M. Kennedy

Robert C.

Kennedy, Jr.

Terry Kennedy

David A. Kent

Ray M. Kerstetter

Casimer D. Kielbasa

James R. Kincaid

Horace B. King

Richard King

Vernon Kisling

Dick K. Klein

Walter A. Klemp

John M. Knapp

Daniel M. Knowles

Paul R. Koehler

Jerry B. Koepp

Dorothy J. Koerner

Eodward J. Kroll, Jr.

James E. Krome

George P. M. Kuney

Thomas S. Kurtz

Theodore W. Kury

Leon J. LaChance

Marc Lalande

Michael B. Lamothe

Robert J. Lampert

Thomas W. Lane

James S. Latham

Edward J. Laveroni

Nancy S. Leach

Michel Lebas

Jean Lee

Grace Lehmann

Jeanette Lehmann

Luke Lehmann

Matthew Lehmann

Peter Lehmann

Walter G. Leipert

Kurt & Joann Lenz

Vinh Le-Si

Steven H. Lewis

Bobby Liao

Tan Chun Lim

Albert L. Lingelbach

Adam Linz

Paul J. Litz

Michael B. Livanos

Paul Loginoff

Timothy J. Lokken

Thomas W. Long

Henri S. Lorberbaum

Ann O. Lord

John D. Lowrey

Morton B. Lurie

Edward Y. Lustig

William Lykes

Robert E. Lynch

Larry Lyons

William Mac


James I. Macdonald

William O.


Robert A. Mahoney

Henry Maltz

Jonathan A. Manson

Harald Marhold

George Conrad


Harry Marshall

Robert J. Matejka

Robert J.


James B. Maynard

Michael J. McCabe

Lewis B.

McCammon, III

Donal F. McCarthy

Gary W. McClarran

Martin D. McClusky

Paul F. McCormack

T. P. McDermott

Thomas P.


Thomas H. McGann

Kirk McKenzie

Mary Kay McMullen

Thomas P. McNabola

Thomas G. Meier

Edward Mendlowitz

George E. Merrill

Clifford A. Mestel

Allan Metzler, Sr.

Thomas A. Meyer

Irving &

Donna R. Miller

Robert E. Miller

Joseph D. Mish, Jr.

Thomas M. Molchan

Robert R. Monok

Gunther B.


David Monteforte

Richard W. Morain

Dennis L. Moreau

W. Bradley


Gordon C. Morison

John H. Morris

Royce Moser, Jr.

Harry W.

Muldrow, Jr.

Michael C. Mules

Howard L. Mundt

Tom Murtha

Gary J. Myers

Miles G. Nathan

R. N. Nayak

Chad Neighbor

John H. Nelson

Edward W. Newby

James W. Newell

Jeffrey L. Newhouse

Kenneth C. Newman

Charles A.

Neyhart, Jr.

Eric Ng

Drew A. Nicholson

Barry R. Niepke

William L. Ninde

Larry T. Nix

Barbara Noah

Fritz R. Nordmann

Frank O’Brien

Arthur S. Ochotny

Tom G. O’Connell

Samuel M. Ogle

Hon. Robert

V. Ogrodnik

Lawrence Okrent

Lawrence K. Oliver

James L. Olsen, Jr.

Byron L. Olson

John R. Olver

Jeffrey M. Orbach

Gary R. Parker

Joseph B. Parker

Bruce E. Patterson

Philip R. Paynter

Kenneth M. Pearson

Scott A. Pendleton

Ronald P. Perotti

Bill Peters

Kathy Petersen

Lorenz H. Petersen

Paul Petersen

Gary M. Peterson

Ronald R. Peura

Robert G. Phillips

Jeffrey E. Pimper

Diann J. Pinkowski

Philip M. Pivawer


Michael E. Plett

Gheorghii Plugari

James H. Polen

Ronald R. Powell

Robert J. Pulaski

Michael Radov

Richard W. Raney, Jr.

Robert L.

Rathbun, Jr.

Konrad Reinegger

Jerry B. Reinoehl

Frank Relva

C.P.A.C. Reynolds

Sally Jo Reynolds

Richard A. Rhodes

Patrick W. Rice

Paul Richter

J. Kent Rinehart

Michael J. Ringer

Robert C. Robb, Jr.

Glenn W. Roehrig

Melanie G. Rogers

Peter Roknich

Carl Romalis

Roy M. Roush

Donna Swank


Elliott Rudnick

Kenneth S. Rumstay

Thomas R. Ruthman

Paul V. Rutigliano

Daniel J. Ryterband

John Sage

Charles A. Sandberg

James M. Savage

Alexander J. Savakis

Gary Saylor

Albert Schertzing

John B. Schlaerth

W. Joseph Schlitt

Robert C. Schneider

Ralph F. Schrack, Jr.

Gerald F. Schroedl

Paul M. Schumacher

Penelope Schwind

Cynthia L. Scott

John S. Seidl

Ian Sellick

Richard Senterfeit

Richard P. Shaefer

John B. Shely

Van P. Shriver

Marcus T. Sieracki

David A. Sieroty

Glenn L. Simmons

Herbert D. Simons

Robert D.

Simpson, Jr.

John R. Siragusa

Charles Slyngstad

Robert F. Smetana

Corey R. Smith

Gary L. Smith

J. Philip Smith

John M. Smith

Michael H. Smith

Susan Smith

Frank G. Soeder, Jr.

Sal Spagnola

David Spivack

Steven T. Spoerl

E. Gene Squires

Benjamin G. Stauss

Lila C. Stevens

Richard M. Stevens

Joseph V. Stewart

Michelle V. Stewart

Joseph W. StJohn

Jonathan F. Stone

John L. Stover

Sandy R. Stover

Scott D. Strobel

James R. Stultz

Peter M. Sturtevant

David M. Sundman

Eugene E. Sutton

Stephen W. Sutton

Wayne N. Svoboda

Dennis D. Swanson

Ronald D. Swanson

Paul F. Swartz

Marc S. Sweet

David N. Swinford

Paul L. Taylor

Stephen T. Taylor

Larry C. TerMaat

Benedict A. Termini

Gerald C. Thibodeau

Henry P. Thode, III

C. Stetson

Thomas, Jr.

Thomas L. Thorbahn

Joseph R. Thurn

Fred F. Thursfield

Terry L. Tomcsik

David Topoleski

Charles D. Towery

Linda Tremere

Michael L. Trimble

Charles W.


Robert C. Tweedus

Edward J. Ulbricht

Vincent Vaccaro

Nancy Valenti

Tonny E. Van Loij

Jan R. Van Meter

Spiro G.


Lawrence R. Velte

Jack Wadlington

Eva H. Walega

Philip Wall

David T. Wallman

Laurence Walton

Stephen S.


Robert S. Watson

Carl A. Wehrfritz

Ryan T. Wellmaker

David C. Wessely

Wesley R.


Kenneth L. White

Jeff Wichmann

Miss Amy E. Wieting

Glenn E. Willoughby

John T. Wilmot

Richard S. Wilson

Peter Winn

Richard F. Winter

Thomas G. Winter

Arthur M.


Charles A. Wood

Ted L. Wood

Alvin J. Wright

Richard M. Wrona

Ronald J. Yeager

David Zarefsky

Keith Zempel



Judith A. Ziegler

Debby J.


Tom L. Zuercher


Ron Abshire

Gordon P. Adelman

Jacqueline R. Adkins

Aldo A. Agnoletti

Mark Alan

George V.


James Altadonna, Jr.

Steven A. Altman

Jack Andersen

Don J. Anderson

Steve C. Andrews

W. Kent Anger

Robert R. Anno

Paul W. Anthony

Joseph J. Antkowiak

Jason Ares

Gary L. Artz

Louis Asher

Charles Ashton

Bruce W. Aument

John A. Austin

Frank Bachenheimer

Richard G. Bacon

Stephanie K. Bacon

John T. Bailey

Larry F. Ballantyne

John W. Ballard

Charles D. Baney

James C. Barbour

Robert A. Barden

Walter M. Barker

Larry D. Barnes

James Basler

Richard D. Bates, Jr.

George Bauerlein

Emily Baxter

John Baxter

John F. Beasley

Scott D. Beckstrom

Edmund Bednar

Dieter Behrens

Henry C. Beinstein

James O. Belcher

Mark H. Bell

Robert Bell

James Benerofe

John Bennett

David R. Benson

John A. Berg

John S. Berg

Steven J. Berlin

Ira J. Bernstein

Chuck & Betsy Berry

Jack W. Biancotti

Gary L. Biggs

Barbara Bilson

Joe M. Birdsong

Gail L.

Marquardt Black

Donald B.

Blackadar, Jr.

David C. Blackhurst

James J. Blackowiak

Mark Blanchette

Kevin D. Block

Wilmer T. Bloy

Ernest Boaeuf

Win U. Bohme

Paul L. Bondor

Vincent Bonzagni

Robert V. Boos

James A. Booth

James R. Borberg

Eric S. Borsting

Thomas L. Bouvier

Thomas Bowman

William Bowman

John S. Brancho

Gary G. Brandow

Bruce J. Branson

Edward J. Brett

Timothy A. Brewton

Lydia S. Brittle

Philip S. Britton

Clarence W. Brizee

Nancy L. Brooks

Jeffrey N. Brown

Michael J. Brown

Thomas W. Brown

Francis Buchan

Vishnu Budhram

Edwin M. Bullard, Jr.

Steve B. Bullock

Elvira L. Burruel

Lewis H. Busell

Carol L. Busher

Lewis E. Bussey

Don S. Cal

Brian T. Callan

Arden D.

Callender, Jr.

John Cameron

Joseph A. Camp

Rose Marie Campbell

Andrew M. Canepa

Ralph J. Cardello

John P. Carney

Barbara R. Carpenter

Kenneth Carpenter

Timothy J. Carroll

Sandra K. Carruthers

Barry W. Casanova

J. Philip Cayford

Margaret O. Center

J. Georg Cerf

Michael D. Cervenec

Fred Champion, Jr.

Raymond L. Chaon

John R. Chay

Stephen I. Chazen

K. Dexter Cheney

Ramesh D. Chenji

Anthony G. Chila

Richard Childress

Bill Chrietzberg

Bruce Christensen

Dan L. Christensen

David C. Christensen

Keith E. Christian

David R. Claerbout

Catherine A. Cody

Brian W. Cole

John A. Coleman

William W. Coleman

Caesar Colista

Kenneth R. Collins

David C. Collyer

John R. Colvin, III

Miss Susan V. Conde

Joseph Confoy

Glen C. Cook

John J. Cook

Gregory Cool

James A. Cope

Philip J. Cordes

Osman M. Corson, Jr.

George Cosentini

Carol A. Costa

Timothy C. Cote

Ann M. Cowper

Vincent M. Cox, III

Robert C. Crankshaw

Britton B.

Culpepper, Jr.

James T. Currie

Kenneth J. Curry

John P. Cusack

E. G. Cutshaw

John R. Daily

Gordon H. Damant

John L. Daniels

John DaSilva

Robert E. Davenport

Kenneth W. Davies

Eric W. Davis

Geoff Davis

Edward O. de Bary

Simon S. De

Burgh Codrington

Victor M. De Leon

Michael DeBlasio

Dennis A. DeBruhl

Ronald J. DeHaas

William T. DeHaven

Leticia Delaney

Arnett Dennis

Howard D. Dewald

Donald C. DeWees

Robert B. DiCicco

Kathryn E. Dilliard

Robert G. Dissinger

Ed Dixon

William J. Dixon

Raymond C.


Daniel Dolk

Richard P. Doran

Ken Dort

Morris L. Dove, Jr.

Joseph S. Dubos

Kevin Dunn

Richard E. Durbin

Jere W. Dutt, III

John L. Earl

William L. Earp

John E. Easterbrook

Alan Edgar

Dale R. Eggen

Miss Loryann M. Eis

David I. Eisenhauer

Virginia B. Eisenstein

Robin Gates Elliott

Richard Emanuel

Carl E. Engelman

Alanson T. Enos, IV


American Philatelic Research Library

In 2018, the American Philatelic Research Library celebrated 50 years since its incorporation

with a golden anniversary event that honored past librarians and those who have

supported the library and its services through the Vooys Fellowship program. Donations of

another kind, specifically those of philatelic literature, play a significant role as well, since

the collections of the library are built almost entirely through these literature donations.

Monetary contributions to purchase new books, as well as in-kind gifts of catalogs,

journals, and other publications from publishers and authors keep the collection current. We also receive

in-kind donations, ranging in size from truckloads to single items, and from 19th-century documents to digitally-produced

resources. Donations to the library in honor or memory of someone are recognized with a bookplate, and naming opportunities

in the new library space are still available for contributions of $1,000 or more.

We are especially grateful to the following for substantial gifts of literature in 2019: American Helvetia Philatelic Society,

American Philatelic Congress, Amos Publishing, John Barwis, David Beech, Benjamin Beede, Robert Benninghoff, Andrew

Boyajian, Ron Breznay, British North America Philatelic Society, Lyman Caswell, Daniel Chaij, Richard Colberg, Collectors

Club of Chicago, Joseph Connolly, David Crotty, Richard Drews, Dutch Country Auctions, Lois Evans-de Violini, Terence

Fitzgerald, Germany Philatelic Society, Ken Grant, Arthur Groten, Alex Grundel, Leonard Hartmann, Don Heller, Gary Hendren,

Terence Hines, Jon Hussey, Rodney Juell, Robert Lamb, Eileen Landau, Frederick Lawrence, James Lee, William Lehr,

Jay Bigalke, Julije Maras, Dean Mario, Bruce Marsden, George McGowan, Foster Miller III, Joseph Monaco Jr., Gerald Noeske,

Brandon Nugent, Larry Rausch, Roger Rhoads, Bruce Roberts, Steven Rod, Robert Rose, Vincent Ross, Royal Philatelic

Society London, Robert Rudine, Steven Sansom, Stephen Schumann, Fred Selles, Jeffrey Shapiro, Jeff Siddiqui, Clark Souers,

Colin Spong, Stamp Collectors Club of Sun City Hilton Head, Clarence Stillions, Harlan Stone, Jean Stout, Lamar Stout,

Yoram Szekely, Peter Thy, Earl Toops, Charles Verge, Alan Warren, Anthony Wawrukiewicz, James Wear, Kent Weaver, Mark

Winnegrad, Richard Winter, The Women’s Club of White Plains, and David Zubastsky.

Vooys Fellows and the APRL

Daniel W. Vooys was very instrumental in both the creation and ultimate success of the American Philatelic Research

Library. Not only was he the APS President when the Library was newly-created, but he served on the Library’s Board of

Trustees from 1969 to the time of his death in 1978. His personal library became a core part of the APRL’s collection, measuring

in at more than three tons of materials. Vooys was also a generous benefactor of the Library, and his work continues to

benefit the APRL.

In August 2007, the APRL Board of Trustees established the donor level of Vooys Fellow to honor Vooys and continue

his legacy. Funds generated by this level of giving help endow General Operating Funds for the Library. Current fellows are:

Ted Bahry

William H. Bauer*

Roger Brody

Arthur Cole

Rich Drews

Jack Dykhouse

Robin Gates Elliott

Sidney Epstein*

Gordon E. Eubanks Jr.

Gerald R. Forsythe

Clark Frazier

Alfredo Frohlich

Don Heller

Edward H. Jarvis

David A. Kent

Janet R. Klug

Al Kugel

Eliot Landau*

Hugh Lawrence

Ken Martin

Hugh McMackin III

David McNamee

Barbara R. Mueller*

Randy L. Neil

Alan Parsons

Paul Petersen

Charles J. Peterson*

Steven J. Rod

Wade E. Saadi

San Diego Philatelic Library

Roger Schnell*

Stephen D. Schumann

Mark S. Schwartz

Charles F. Shreve

Lamar Stout

Herbert A. Trenchard

W. Danforth Walker

Alan Warren

Stephen S. Washburne

Charles Wooster

* Deceased

Please contact Scott Tiffney at or 814-933-

3816 for more information about

supporting the APRL.


Franz M. Enzinger

Donald J. Epp

Michael H. Epstein

James J. Erdman

Timothy J. Evans

Kenneth E.


Martin R. Farber

John B. Farley

John Farrer

Michael J. Fassbender

Frank J. Fasullo, Jr.

Carl J. Faulkner

Steven Ferkingstad

Richard B. Fien

Robert I. Finkel

Vincent J. Fiorentino

Gary Flanagan

David Flewallen

Alan B. Flood

Kenneth Florence

Jean P. Foucart

T. W. Fowlks

Robert L. Frailey

Michael A. Francis

Dietrich Franczuszki

Robert Frary

John A. Freeburg

Dan W. French

Richard A. Friedberg

Bernard Friedman

Howard M. Frisch

Jay A. Frogel

James P. Gaan

Shayne C. Gad

Robert J. Gagnier

Gerald J. Gallagher

Michael J. Gallagher

John D. Galu

Terrence M. Gamble

Jim Garard

Dieter E. Gaupp

Ronald W. Gedney

Harold W. Geisel

Michele Gengler

Ronald L. Gerard

Earl C. Gerheim

Thomas I. Germack

Tom G. Geurts

Robert M. Gibbs

Laurence Gibson

Kenneth D. Gilbart

Doug Gillette

John Gillette

John H. Gilliam, III

James A. Ginsburg

Richard G. Glenn

David S. Goldsmith

Michael Good

Jeffrey M. Gordon

Albert N. Gore, Jr.

Morton S. Goren

Alan M. Gottlieb

John Gowrie

William H. Grady

Herman L. Graffunder

Paul Grasse

Charles Lee Grassman

William A.


Mark S. Graves

Roland H. Gray, Jr.

Steve D. Gross

Heinrich Hahn

Douglas Haines

James T. Hall

Richard J.


Michael Halvorson

Peter G. Hamon

David C. Hand

Michael J. Hannan

James E. Hansen

Eric Happell

Kurt M. Harding

David A. Hardy

Michael P. Hardy

Marian Hare

John Hastings

Laurence Hausman

James T. Hayes, Jr.

Russell S. Hazarian

Matthew Healey

Paul G. Heimer, Jr.

David Heller

Michael A. Hengst

Fred Hennemann

John J. Henry

James S. Hering

Richard S. Herman

Ronald J. Herschaft

Joel G. Herter

Thomas Hicklin

Francis J. Hicks

Thomas E. Higel

Fredrick L. Hillan

Richard L. Hilty

Frederic C. Hof

Patrick M. Hoffmann

Daniel J. Holdwick

Gene M. Holgate

H. Russel Holland

Charles D.

Holtzman, Jr.

Mark D. Hood

Ralph R. Hoover

Miss Patricia J. Hoppe

Thomas W. Horn

William T. Horsfield

Stephen A. Horvath

Mark S. Hoskinson

Robert Hostler

Roy W. Houtby

Richard T. Howard

Terrance L. Howell

John Howker

John H. Hughey

H. E. Hummel

Judy Hurd

Rafael J. Igartua

Charles N. Iknayan

Kalman V. Illyefalvi

William M. Irle

Elizabeth Isbey

Edmund O. Jackman

Alan L. Jacoby

Virginia A. Jaehnig

Andrew M. Jakes

Patricia K. James

Frank A. Jenich

Douglas M. Jenkins

Donald S. Jennings

Mark C. Jessen

Bruce C. Johnson

Dawn Johnson

Gerald D. Johnson

J. Richardson Johnson

James R. Johnson

Keith W. Johnson

Lawrence D. Johnson

Paul L. Johnson, Jr.

Richard L. Johnson

Robert G. Johnson

Douglas W. Johnsrud

Emily H. Johnston

Gordon Johnston

Patrick C. Johnston

Robert L. Jones

Royce A. Jones

Richard H. Joy

Jeffrey Judd

Layton M. Jury, Jr.

Serge Kahn

Joshua A. Kalkstein

Robert Kann

Peter Karpoff

Frank Karwoski, Jr.

Walter B. Kasell

John E. Kauflin

Lewis S. Kaufman

Joel S. Kazin

Stephen C. Kearney

Michael A. Keene

Phil Keener

Joseph L. Kelley

Mark Allen Kellner

Jeffrey J. Kelly

Robert J. Kepka

Drew L. Kershen

Kent T. Keyser

T. Wayland Kidd

Greg Kidwell

William S. Kies, III

Bill Kight

Alton Q. Kilmon, Jr.

Brett W. King

Debra L. Kirchner

MAJ Michael L.

Kirk, Ret.

Robert B. Kittredge

Robert L. Klass

Walter P. Knoepfel

Matthew R. Knupp

James Koch

Paul E. Kolva, Jr.

Leon V. Komkov

Robert J. Konkolesky

Geraldine Kook

Jerry R. Koppen

Paul S. Korst

Frank E. Kos

Rodney T. Koza

Jon E. Krupnick

Alden R. Kuhlthau

Gary J. Kunzer

Robert J. Kupper

Walter J. Kurth

Edward N. Kust

Walter Labovich

Venus P. Lamb

Roberta &

David Lamps

Arlo U. Landolt

Frederick R. Lane

David D. Lapa

Nicholas G. LaRocca

David G. Larson

John P. Laschober

Kevin Latta

William R. Lauber

Alan R. Lauer

Richard E. Lawrence

Clark H. Lee

Lothar R. Leeb

Didier LeGall

Yechiel M. Lehavy

Harry P. Lehman

C. Richard Lehmann

Ivor P. Lemaire

Robert B. Leonard

Michael R. Leszcz

Beverly Lewis

Charles Lewis

Stephen E. Lewis

Michael J. Ley

Eric S. Leys

B. L. Lindsay

Jacquelyn Littlewood

Robert Litwiller

John C. Lodinsky

Christopher Loffredo

Richard A. Lopez

Joel T. Love

Kevin G. Lowther

Edwin H.

Lugowski, Jr.

Chris Lundberg

Robert Maass

Charles MacFarland

Robert P. Majors, Jr.

Jason Hewitt


Michael D. Manthe

Colin Manuele

Tom Mapes

Gerard E. Marandino

William M. Marcus

William Margolin

George R. Marion

Thomas R. Marra

Mauro Michael


William F. Marx

James J. Mathews

Mervyn S. Mathiasen

Evan Matthews

James Matthews

John Matthews

Douglas E. Mattox

James P. Mauney

Russell Mays

Andrew A. Mazzara

James F. McCalpin

Susan E. McCardell

James A. McCarty

Lindsay R.


Hewitt B.

McCloskey, Jr.

John E. McCool

Alan B. McDougall

Bryan J. McGinnis

Alexander C.


Barrett L. McKown

Michael G. McLendon

William L. McShane

Gordon D. McWalter

Athol E. Meder

Allen L. Meeds

Roy Melton

Nancy H. Mercer

Jean M. Merlino

Carl Merritt

Richard P. Mesaris

Bob Metcalf

James R. Meyer

Dana J. Michaud

Michael J. Michnick

Peter T. Middleton

Jon D. Mikalson

Jerry H. Miller

John H. Miller

Margaret H. Miller

Rod G. Mills

Jeffrey N. Mina

Dennis L. Miner

Glenn Minshall

Byron Mitchell

George Moeller

Marc E. Mogull

Michael A. Mongiat

Dwight L. Monn

Mark J. Monroe

David J. Montgomery

Robert A.


James E. Montich

Robert C. Moody

J. Terry Moore

Robert B. Morgan

Earle W. Moriarty

John H. Morrison

Kenneth N. Morton

Donald B. Moseley

David R. Mower

Gary L. Mueller

Norman S. Muraki

Charles G. Myers, III

Dirck V. Myers

Len V. Mykietyn

Pierre R. Nacey

Charles L. Naddour

Loreto Nagaran

Robert V. Nagel

Christopher A. Nardo

Behruz Nassre

James A. Nealy

Daniel Nelson

H. Philip Nesbitt, Jr.

Loraine A. Nevill

George J. Neyrey, III

Raymond J. Nichols

Roger E. Nicoll

Norma L. Nielson

Harold B. Nogle

Phillip L. Nordstrom

George Nostrant

David S. Nourok

Donald Novak

William A. Nunns

Edward J. Nyberg, Jr.

Elaine B. Nyberg

Richard H. Nyberg

James R. Oates

Earl R. Ohman

Gary R. Olson

Stephen H. Olson

Timothy O’Neil

Edward N. Onyon

David K. Oppenheim

James J. O’Reardon, Jr.

Kalju Paar

Otis Reed Palmer

Claude C. Paquin

Ronald J. Pardi

Byron J. Park

Curtis G. Parker

Sidney N. Parker

Ronald J. Pascale

John L. Patterson

L. N. Peake

Stephen S. Pearl

Robert A. Peck

Robert D. Peck

Harry H. Pedersen

David Pelky

James P. Peltier

George F. Pepall

Robert C. Peregoy

Richard E. Perrin

David L. Perry, Jr.

Gerard Pfaff

Charles F. Phillips, III

Raymond J.


Daniel R. Piper

Barry Pisick, MD

Ralph S. Poore

Kenneth J. Potavin

William H. Powell, III

Allan E. Price

Ada M. Prill

Donne E. Puckle

Douglas B. Quine

Robert L. Ralston

Brian D. Ramsey

Dan E. Rathert

John A. Rdzak

Douglas A. Reed, Jr.

Wallace E. Reed, Jr.

John P. Renyhart

Timothy K. Retterer

David A. Reyno

Thomas J. Richards

Albert Richardson

Andy J. Richardson

Donald A.

Rickards, Jr.

Kenneth L. Rider

Steven R. Riedhauser

David F. Ries

Joel Ringold

Barbara J. Ritchie

Richard C. Ritchie

Richard Rizzo

William M. Roach, Jr.

George Robbins

Bruce I. Roberts

David C. Robertson

Stephen B. Robie

James A. Rodger

Albert R. Rodland, Jr.

Frederick W. Rogers

Peter T. Rogge

Stephen C. Roman

Todd A. Ronnei

Roberto M. Rosende

Richard E. Rossi

Karl C. Rove

Nobel Rovirosa

Margaret S. Rowles


Laurence P. Rubinow

Lucille Ruch

M. Rue

Stephen F. Rufer

Joseph M.

Running, Jr.

Tom Russell

Patricia Salsman

Joseph R. Salvatore

Philip Samuels

Frank J. Sandor, Jr.

Vincent N. Santucci

Fred T. Sargent

Eugene S. Sasai

Rainer K. Schaaf

Carl J. Schack

Charles F. Schafstall

Donald C. Schilling

Robert F. Schlegel, Jr.

Fred Schmitz

John J. Schneider

Philip R. Scholly

Calvin A. Schuler

Bart Schwartz

Robert I. Schwartz

John C. Schwenn

Eric J. Scott

Linda M. Scuderi

Keith D. Seeber

Ronald H. Segal

Arnold H. Selengut

Scott Selman

Anthony N. Serio

Frederick Seward

Norman Shachat

Steve L. Shafer

George V. Shalimoff

Elizabeth H. Shattuck

Scott A. Shaulis

Gary D. Shaver

Robert S. Shawvan

Albert Shonk

Stuart B. Silver

Russell N. Silverstein

Michael P. Silvester

Kate Simenson

Michael J. Skweir

W. H. Slappey

Russell C. Smeds

Carl R. Smith

Christopher C. Smith

Donald H. Smith

Jeffrey A. Smith

Kenneth J. Smith

Milton D. Smith

Peter Smith

Randy Smith

Howard Snyder

Jeffry H. Snyder

Robert E. Snyder

William H. Sobotka

Elaine M. Sokol

Robert Solyan

Steven A. Sonder

Lawrence E. Soper

Arnold Sorensen

John D. Spangler

Thomas A. Sperring

Roland Spies

Tom Spina

Andrew C. Spitznas

Raymond J. Spitznas

Stephen A. Spongberg

John K. Sporleder

Charles W. Springer

Phillip J. Stager

James W. Standiford

Tommy C. Stanton

Gary L. Starkey

John A. Steele

Laura L. Steinbeck

Howard F. Steinberg

Naomi J. Steinberg

Mark O. Stern

Charles R. Sterrett

Michael R. Sterrett

Gary Stewart

Thomas J. Stewart

Seymour B. Stiss

Jay & Denise Stotts

Gerald H. Strauss

Jack L. Streeter

Russell W. Struckman

Kenneth C. Sullivan

Larry O. Sundholm

Anthony Sylvester

Michael Talton

James E. Tashjian

Larry D. Tashlik

Steven L. Taylor

Ernie Teays

Ronald R. Tellier

Rodney L. Thacker

Carol P. Thatcher

Duane M. Thompson

Robert G. Thompson

Victoria L. Thompson

Roy R. Thomson

Andrew J. Titley

Gregory C. G. Todd

Joel E. Tolchinsky

Stephen A. Tramill

Blair Tremere

Rudi H. Trickel

Carl L. Trueblood

Allan M. Tuchman

James A. Tucker

Eugene N. Tulich

Anthony F.

Turhollow, Jr.

Robert W. Turkowski

Richard F. Turnblom

Mark R. Tyx

LaVonne C. Uffelman

Robert M. Ulatt

Alan D. Underwood

Bruce Unkel

Steven R. Unkrich

Milan Urosevic

Norman W.


John R. Van Winkle

George E. Vautrin, Jr.

Porter W. Venn

Albert J. Vernacchio

Lynn H. Vernon

Frank V. Veselovsky

Judith W. Vigar

Carol Anne Visalli

David P. Vockell

Peter Voice

Chris S. D.

von der Osten

Randy R. Voss

John Walbridge

Jean F. Walker

Steven A. Warkaske

John M. Warner

David J. Warras

Elaine I. Weeks

John F. Weeks, Jr.

James Weigant

Steven M. Weinreb

David E. Weisberg

John B. Welden, III

David B. Wenzelman

Robert F. Wesling

Fred W. Whitaker

Kenneth L. White

Mary A. White

Richard C. White

Larry M. Wicklund

Alan R. Wicks

Kendall F. Wiggin

Kent W. Wilcox

Kenneth R.

Williams, Jr.

W. David Willig, III

Richard V. Willmarth

Gerhold Wills

Frank G. Wilson

Robert B. Wilson

Tracy Wing

Kenneth W. Wise

Kenneth L. Witt

David L. Wood

Lloyd G. Wood

Neilson Wood, Jr.

Robert S. Wood

Dennis A. Woodard

Donald A.

Woodworth, Jr.

James W. Yeary

James F. Young

Richard W. Young

Ronald L. Young

Wayne L. Youngblood

Fred J. Zaganiacz

John D. Zahodnick

Stephen Zarko

Ratomir Zivkovic

Hugo A. Zoccolini

Max E. Zollner

Patrick D. Zorsch

David S. Zubatsky


Paul W. Abernathy, Jr.

David M. Abrahams

John A. Abrams

Roger S. Adamek

Donald K. Adams

James D. Adams

William S. Ahrens

Glen M. Alcorn

Richard J. Alexander

Donald S. Alexandre

Grace A. Alexin

David H. Allen

P. D. Allen

John M. Allensworth

Richard D. Almeida

Philip M. Anders

Robert T. Andersen

James Anniss

Sherida Antonacci

APS Reference Collection

We appreciate the generosity of the members

who provide philatelic material to the APS Reference

Collection throughout the year. As the Society

does not purchase stamps for its reference

holdings, the Collection depends on the stamp

collecting community for its breadth and quality.

From its inception in 1995, thousands of philatelic

donations have been organized into a tangible

reference holding. The material, both genuine

and forged, is housed in the American Philatelic

Center and available for research by visitors.

Portions of the collection may also be viewed at

We are especially grateful to an anonymous

benefactor for their gift of a VSC6000 video

spectral comparator in 2019. This is an invaluable

tool which can provide scientific data to

back the guaranteed certificates issued by our

Expertizing Service.

We would also like to thank the following

people for their significant donations to the Reference


John J. Henry

Jack R. Dykhouse

Sandy Ewing

Lyman R. Caswell

John H. Archer

Osamu Asato

William H. Ashbaugh



Jerold H. Backstrom

George W. Baehr

James H. Bailey

Janet Baillie

Gary A. Baker

Paul L. Baker

Raynor E. Baldwin

Keith W. Bantz

William L. Barclay

Byron L. Barksdale

Jo Ann Barnes

Sandra Barnes

Alvin L. Barth, Jr.

Malcolm D. Barton

Frederick W. Bateman

W. Bryson

Bateman, Jr.

Edward L. Bayham

Shane Beard

Bradley Bechthold

Henry W. Beck

Ronald L. Beck

Jonathan Becker

Antonio Bello

Richard M. Bendix, Jr.

Donald Bendle

David C. Benish

Gary Benoit

George Berg

Russell W. Bergan

Michael K. Berlin

George M. Bernstein

Bill Berry

Page E. Berry

Jon L. Besunder

Cameron Betts

Cathy Bickerdike

Mark W. Billings

Martin F. Blackshaw

Kevin J. Blackston

John M. Bleecker

Leonard &

Darlene Bloom

Gerald R. Bodily

John M. Bohacs

John D. Boland

Tonya Bolden

Joseph E. Boling

Morris S. Bolinger

Joseph G. Bolten

Peter R. Bono

Michael J. Borrelli

Robert J. Borton

Paul E. Boucher

Joseph P. Bouffard

August V. Bouquet

J. Daniel Bouw

Dennis A. Bowman

Neal J. Boyle

Puneet Goel

Stanley Piller

Gary A. Becker

Frederick A. Brafford

John C. Brahms

Jeff W. Brandt

Charles E. Braun

Robert Breckenridge

Dermott M. Breen

Stephen H. Breitkopf

Lee Brenner

Geoffrey Brewster

Ron Breznay

Thurston H. Briggs

Jan C. Brock

Thomas K. Brom

Michael Bronner

James L. Bross

Christopher E.


Thomas C. Brougham

William E. Brower, Jr.

Jane A. Brown

Michael W. Brown

Peter Brown

John R. Brugman

Bil Bruno

Helen L. Bruno



Mark A. Bryson

Joseph R. Brzezowski

Bernard Buchholz

Timothy A. Buchholz

Ronald M. Buege


The vision of the Young Philatelic Leaders Fellowship

(YPLF) is to provide youth who have already shown an interest

in stamp collecting with an enriching and dynamic experience in a special

aspect of the hobby. Thank you to the following people who specifically

supported this program in 2019.

Joan E. Anderson

William L. Barclay

James L. Baumann

John A. Carlson

Richard E. Drews

Scott D. English

Alexander T. Haimann

Gary G. Hendren

Robert J. Lampert

Howard K. Buhl, III

Darlene F. Bull

William P. Bunyan

Vincent A. Buonocore

Lewis Burchett

Hugh Burgess

Mark A. Burke

Michael F. Burke

David Burkhardt

William W. Burnham

Charles P. Burns

Patricia Burns

Maurice M. Bursey

Young Philatelic

Leaders Fellowship

Michael A. Butkiss

David W. Byers

James E. Byrne

Edith S. Caesar

Ralph J. Calabrese

Larry P. Calhoun

Michael S. Canavan

Maxine E. Cannon

Richard V. Carr

George Leon

Carroll, Jr.

Michael J. Carson

George Cassella

James E. Lee

Michael E. Lowell

Kenneth P. Martin

Irving & Donna R. Miller

Andrew K. Urushima

James Weigant

Marva L. Wlliams

Frank J. Zoretich, Jr.

In thanks for their extraordinary support, the following

were honored with named fellowships for the 2019 class:

Donald and Bonnie Lee, sponsored by

James E. Lee in memory of his parents

USPS Federal Credit Union

YPLF Class of 2019 Sponsors

Special thanks to the 2019 class mentors who

contributed their valuable time and knowledge:

John Barwis

Richard Judge

Jared Cassidy

Barry Catelinet

Michael Cellino

Guy J. Cesario, Jr.

Gerald Chaben

Ralph W. Chace

Albert P.

Chadourne, Jr.

Edward E. Chaney

Patricia J. Charney

Robert J. Charnoff

Craig J. Chartrand

Eric E. Chaulsett

Frank M. Chernich

Rahull Chikyala

Stephen Chilton

Barbara R. Chisholm

Robert N. Choporis

Brian D. Christian

John O.

Christiansen, Jr.

Lawrence M. Chun

Gregory R. Ciesielski

Dave Cinsavich

Daniel M. Clark, III

Brent C. Clausius

Deborah L. Cleeton

Richard E. Clever

LaVerne E.


David A. Cogar

David M. Cohen

Kenneth J. Cohen

Ronald B. Cohn

Bruno Colapietro

Jeffery L. Cole

Beth Collins

Harold B.

Collins, Jr.

Timothy J. Comas

David H. Conklin

Joseph P.

Connolly, Jr.

Roger Connors

David H. Conrad

Thomas D.

Conway, Jr.

George R. Cooper

JV Cossaboom

Ronald E.


James P. Coughlin

George M.


Gary L. Covey

Robert J. Cowells

George B. Crawford


Crichton, IV

David S. Cristol

Chris Crossley

Daniel F. Culbert

Richard M.


Benjamin W. Curtis

Max E. Curtis, Jr.

Joe Cutro

Karen W. Daniels

William H. Daniels

Wallace Dann

Michael A. Danner

Wayne M. Darnell

Elizabeth S. Darrah

Michael A.


Donald J. Davis

James R. Davis

Richard H. Davis

Rocky De Carlo

James A. De Jong

Mariano B. De Lise

Clyde W. Decorie

William DeHart

George F.


Roy E. DeLafosse, Jr.

Gytelle Delfin

Gerald L. Delker

Walter A. Demmerle

John R. deMore

Susan L. Denison

Philip Desautels

Reuven D. Dessler

John R. Deutch

Robert A. Dewey, Jr.

William J. DeWitt

Robin W. Dexter

Charles J. DiComo

Doris T. Diether

Nicholas A.


Dominick DiNapoli

Anthony J. Diodato

Richard M.


Mitch Drabik

David A. Drach

Donald F. Dreisbach

Richard M. Drought

W. Douglas


Paul K. Drumm

Michael K.


Bernard Dubois

Sally A. Durrell

Geoff Dutton

Robert E. Eckert

Tom M. Edmiston

Lee A. Edwards

Janice A. Egeland

Robert Eichhorn

Lee and Susan


Maurice G. Eldridge

Daniel W. Elliott

Gary J. Ellis

V. Diane Ellis

George R. Elmore

Gifford F. Ely

David F. Emery

Donald G. Emler

William H. Engel

Leonard W. Epstein

Kenneth V. Erickson

Mark Erickson

Eugene M. Espy

Jasmine Esser

David L. Essig

Karl F. Esslinger

Russell A. Fair

Kemp C.

Fairbanks, II

Douglas B. Falcao

Don C. Fancher

Stephen G. Farago

Mitch Feinstein

Donald L. Feldman

Jack Feldman

John A. Feldmann

Daniel Fell

Vera R. Felts

Ronald H. Fenimore

William T. Fennell

Edward M. Fergus

Fredric J. Ferst

Ken Fichman

Walter C. Figiel

John E. Findling

Terry B. Finkle

Ramona L. Finley

Herbert Fischgrund

Carl Fisher

Henry H. Fisher

John M. Flanagan

John Fleming

Bart A. Fletcher

Michael G. Fligg

Stephen Floreen

Dennis E. Florence


Gregory B. Flynn

Roy P. Fontaine

John B. Ford

David V. Forster

Louis A. Fournier

Ernest L. Fox, Jr.

Allen V. Fracchia

Gerald Franks

David R. Fredericks

Jerold L. Freier

Gary D. Froehlich

Gregory W. Frux

Sandra K. Fuller

Henry R. Funsch

Paula B. Fuqua

Josh Furman

Roger Fury

Charles M. Gardella

Robert S. Gardner

Gary Gastiger

Victor S. Geiger

Marianne E. Gelbert

Michael L. Geller

Stuart I. Gelman

Dennis E.


Chandrajit Ghose

Patrick F. Gilheany

William E. Gillen

Janet M. Gillis

Louis F. Giorgetti

Todd M. Gladstone

Charles A. Glantzow

Robert W. Glanville

Dean P. Gleeson

John M. Glenn

Laurence H.

Glenzer, Jr.

Ernest C. Goggio

Robert Goldberg

Anthony E. Goldin

Norman J. Goldman

Herschel H.


Neil S. Goldstein

Norman E.


Paul B. Goodwin, Jr.

Harold V. Goovaerts

James L. Gorton

James P.

Gough, RDP

David L. Gradwell

Gary L. Graf

Arlis Graham

Jan M. Gray

Kent Gray

Bruno Greco

Dan Green

Daniel A. Greenbaum

William T. Gregor

Eliot M. Gregos

Charles G.


William H. Gross

John R. Groves

Peter D. Guattery

Christian Guenther

Donald E.


Richard A. Guistina

Joan Hackett

Daniel A. Hahn

Mary K. Haldane

Peter Halewski

Richard L. Hall

Joseph W. Halpern

Dave Hamilton

Ann M. Hamon

Gerald B. Hanifan

Henry W. Hansen

Bruce R. Hanson

Joseph & Diane


Deborah Hartwick

Jack Harwood

Dave Haskell

Richard F. Hassing

James T. Havlena

Thomas Haw, IV

Joseph A. Haynes

Margriet Hecht

Joel J. Heim

Wayne F. Heim



Harold Heintz

Floyd B. Heiser

Stanley Heitmann

Michael Heller

Robert Helms

Charles Henderson

Joseph M. Herman

Jeffrey F. Hersom

Frank Hesse

Charles A. W. Hines

Terence M. Hines

Bruce L. Hobson

Joseph Hofer

Victor J. Hoff

Joel E. Hoffman

Peter Hoffman

Sim C. Hoffman




Howard B. Hoke

Doris J. Holder

Rick Holland

Mark Holleran

Jack Holloway

Jim Holmes

Herbert J.


Burton E. Holthus

Kenneth S. Homer

William J. Hooks

Stanley B. Hooper

Steven P.

Hopper, Ph.D.

George L. Hosfield

Chuck Howard

Timothy L. Howard

Ernest E. Howe

Michael D. Howe

Gregory Howearth

Lane T. Huck

David C. Huffman

David F. Hull

Gary G. Hunt

Randolph S. Hunt

Forrest W. Hunter

Richard Hunter

John Impagliazzo

Jim Iormetti

Ramona Evon


Theodore H. Jacobs

Lowell E. Jacobson

Otto W. Jacobson

Carl C. Jaekel

Robert A. Jahnke

Janus Foundation

Douglas L. Jehle

Enoch C. Jen

Oscar B. Jensen

Russell J. Johns

Jonathan Johnsen

Fredric A. Johnson

Galen K. Johnson

Galen M. Johnson

John B. Johnson, III

Lawrence G.


Scott A. Johnson

Thomas R. Johnson

Frank N. Jones

Harold L. Jones, Jr.

Iva Dora Jones

Matthew J. Jones, Jr.

Richard L. Jones

Rick Jones

Joseph H. Jung

Lawrence E. Justice

Harold A. Kalkwarf

Terren L. Kammeyer

Douglas A. Kamstra

Jesse A. Kane

Harold M. Kanter

Barry N. Kaplan

Anastasios D.


Joseph Karpen

Peter Kata

D. Gary Kathol

David L. Katz

James M. Keally, III

Thomas J. Kean

Nigel R. Keen

David C. Kehlet

Dennis Keith

Dennis M.


George A. Kelly

Henry T. Keutmann

Emmett M.

Keyser, III

Everett M. King, Jr.

Richard D. Kinner

Nicholas M. Kirke

Eugene Klein

Howard J. Klein

Lawrence H. Klein

Gregory R. Klemm

Stanley J.


Jean M.


Andrew A. Klints

Joanne A. Knapp

Justin Kneeland

Ronald A. Knief

John A. Kofranek

Joseph Konyk

Theodore Koopman

Lee Koosed

Summer Seminar

Youth Scholarship

Norris “Bob” Dyer Scholarship, sponsored by

the British North American Philatelic Society

Walter B. Koppel

Leonard Kortekaas

Richard Korycki

Marvin R. Kraft

Henry J. Kraus

Dennis J. Kreiss

Charles Kresge

Edward J. Krohn

S. Theodore


Lisa J. Kubiske

Norman D. Kubler

John W. Kuehn

Charles F. Kuehne

Ellery Kuhn

Karl Kuhn

Alfred J. Kuntz

Alan D. Kupfer

Donald B. Kursch

Nelson Laffey

Arthur F. Lafionatis

Judith A. Lafitte

Scott L. Laidlaw

Lawrence J. Laliberte

Armand R.

Lamarche, Sr.

Brock R. Landry

Wesley W. Lane

Paul F. Lang

Stephen R. Larson

Henry G. Latimer, III

David Lavandoski

Charles F. Lawson

Allan R. Legon

Louis Leidig

David Lemanski

William H. Lenarz

William C. Leonard

Donald R. LeShane

Robert Leshovisek

Mark F. Letourneau

Louis R. Leurig

Frederick C.


Elliott W. Lewis

Janet A. Lewis

Gregory K. Leyes

Arthur L. Liberman

D. Liebenberg

John E. Lievsay

Brian W. Limbourn

John Lindholm

Lawrence A.

Lindquist, Jr.

Jay Lipman

Thomas R. Loebig

Robert W. Loiseau

Michael E. Long

Wayne Youngblood Scholarship

Marty Longo

Ralph Lopez

Richard J. Lorek

Herbert S. Loring

Albert O. Louer

Henry J. Lukas

Charles J. Lukowski

Dennis J. Lutz

Timothy A. Lyerla

Edward R. Lynn

Keith E. Maatman

Thomas J.


John MacNeil

James Mahaffey

Angelica Malic

Charles D. Malloch

Bruce H. Mallott

James E.

Mambourg, Jr.

Constantin A.


David Marino

Kelly L. Markel

Jerold D. Markin

Thomas J. Marsella

Anthony Martelli, Jr.

A. W. Martin

Robert W. Martin

Rodney W. Marx

William A. Matthews

J. Douglas Mattox

James R. Maxeiner

Jerry L. Maxfield

James P. Mazepa, RDP

James A.

McAndrew, Jr.

Bill McCloskey

John P. McCloskey, Jr.

Barbara S. McConnell

Nancy McDowell

Jackson McElmell

Andrew J. McFarlane

Charles A. McFarlane

Brian McGrath

Sidney McHarg

Craig R. McMullen

Gary M. McNamee

Robert L. Mead

Dennis W. Meeh

Warren L. Meinhardt

Herbert Mendelsohn

Cheryl C.


David L. Meyer

Gloria J. Meyers

Paul Miktus

Joseph N. Millard

Bradley R. Miller

Clark L. Miller

Leonard M. Miller

Raymond E. Modlin

David C. Mohler

Ed Molinaro

Roy Mollard

Joseph A. Monaco, Jr.

Arthur J. Mongan

Jean S. Mootz

Sidney D. Morginstin

David T. Moriarty

James R. Morris

John R. Morris

Rhett Morris

Mark F. Mosser

Cristian Mouat

Allen Moye

Boyd J. Mudra

Donald E. Mulhatten

Robert A. Muller

Frank G. Muscarello

John Myers

Erik B. Nagel

Stacy Nagel

Leonard H. Naiman

H. Albert Napier

Albert Narvaez, Jr.

Parker W. Negus, Jr.

Robert Nelken

Eric A. Nelson

Andy M. Netzel

Diane Neumeier

William P.

Newman, III

William E. Newton

William R. Nicholson

Kirby R. Nickell

Pavel N. Nikolov

Glen S. Norman

Lawrence H. Norris

James S. Noyes

D. C. Nuban

William Nugent, Jr.

Richard J. Nunge

Bert Nussbaum

Gerald T. Nylander

Lorrie B. O’Donovan

Damon R. Olszowy

Charles P. O’Neill

Gail Orenstein

Joseph A. Orosz

Claude H. Ostfeld

Karl F. Otto, Jr.

Michael D. Owens

David S. Page

John L. Palmer

Mark E. Palmer


Melody C. Palmer

Gregory Pando

James Pankiewicz

John S. P.


John A. Pare

Melanie Parker

Ludovit J. Paskovic

John L. Patterson

Ted W. Patterson

Kenneth W. Patton

J. Donald Pauley

Arthur E. Peabody, Jr.

Donald R. Pearson

John G. Pearson

Steven Peckar

Russell M. Peirce

David Pellauer

Norman Pence

J. Perrin

Henry A. Perry

Clifton Peters

Till J. N. Peters

William C. Peters

Raymond E.

Petersen, Jr.

Donald J. Peterson

Sybil L. Peterson

Allyn E. Phillips

John B. Phillips

Paul J. Phillips

Reed E. Phillips

Sheldon R. Phinney

Preston E. Pierce

Joel H. Pierson

Robert B. Pildes

Aldona T. Pilius

Fred C. Pinkney

Thomas J. Piper

Andrew W. Pittman

William M. Plachte

George W. Plohr

John E. Pocius

David M. Podeschi

Alton R. Pope

Russell W. Povenz, Sr.

Stephen C. Prechtel

Phillip J. Proteau

James H. Prowant

Dennis R. Puccetti

Vincent Puma, Jr.

Roger P. Quinby

William D. Raible

John R. Ramsey

David A. Rankin

John H. Rankin

Charles J. Rebek

Michael W. Redmond

David L. Rees

Edward F. Reheuser

Daryl Reiber

Norman E. Reid

Richard A. Reierson

John B. Reiss

Thomas E. Remington

Raymond C.


Mary D. Ricker

Charles D. Rigsby

Peter L. Rikard

Daniel F. Ring

John P. Ring

Richard J. Rinkoff

William F. Ripple

Victor Manuel Rivera

Gregorio C. Roberts

John C. Roberts

Keith H. Robertson

Jay Robison

Claude A. Rochon

James A. Rock

Gilbert M. Roderick

Virgilio Rodriquez

John A. Rokus

John E. Rollo

Richard W. Romig

Stephen A. Rose

Aaron E. Rosenberg

Neil K. Rosenstrauch

Phillip W. Roth

Robert S. Roth, Jr.

Mace L. Rothenberg

John P. Rourke

Marya Rowan

Patrick T. Roy

Robert C. Royle

Wayne A. Rozen

Ronald N. Ruberg

George D. Ruck

Paul F. Rump

Steven C. Runyon

John Mosby Russell

Robie G. Russell

Charles S. Rust

Barton K. Ryan

David J. Ryan

David J. Sabo

Darryl A. Salisbury

James R. Sanger

James D. Sansbury

Robert F. Savage

Charles E. Scanlan

Eric Schaefer

Scott Schaffer

David P. Schenkel

George Schexnayder

Damien Schiff

Robert A. Schlesinger

John H. Schlitt

Michael E. Schnee

Jorge Schneider

Marti Schrock

Donald L. Schroeder

Kim R. Schroeder

Stephen D. Schumann,


Hans-Joachim Schwanke

Robert H. Scott

William T. Scott

Norman R. Scrivener

Dick Sefton

Harry M. Segner, III

Manuel S. Segura, Jr.

Theodore Sekulski

Gerald W. Selleck

James J. Semones

William M. Senkus

Joseph F. Serota

Vincent A. Sgier

Jeffrey N. Shapiro

Mary L. Shaw

George H. Shawcross

James C. Sheaffer

John R. Shedlock

Bradford D. Sheff

Robert A. Shew

John Shilich

Joseph A. Shook

Leon A. Shuler

Hernan Sierra

William W. Sihler

Daljit Singh Sikka

Richard B. Silbert

John D. Sims

Grant P. Sinclair

James T. Siscel

Terry W. Sitch

Robert M. Skirvin

Robert W. Slack

James E. Slough

Robert G. Slyker

Alexis A. Smith

Carl J. Smith

Christopher S. Smith

F. L. Smith

Jacqueline E. Smith

James M. Smith

L. Robert Smith

Randall J. Smith

Robert L. Smith

James N. Smoak

Tom E. Smyser

Ralph A. Sneve

Arthur W. Snoke

Richard E. Sobonya

Christopher J.


Harold M.


James A. Sorenson

Leonard S. Sosnowski

Gus Spector

Case M. Sprenkle

Laura Spurway

Joseph E. St. Onge

Jeffrey A. Stage

Stephen E. Stainsby

Bruce E. Stallins

Elizabeth Starnes

Norman R. Starr

Eric Stas

Alfred E. Staubus

Howard Stecker

Ronald K. Stegall

Allen Steiner

James H. Stephens

Leonard Stern

William P. Stern

Sy Sternberg

James K. Stevens

Ruth A. Stevens

Charles J. Stewart

Charles P. Stewart, Jr.

Charles L. Still

Lucky Stokes

Robert F. Storch

Craig J. Stowers

Gary K. Strauch

Thorsten A. Strom

Robert L. Stuebner, Jr.

Brian D. Stwalley

Edward J. Sullivan

Robert C. Surdynski

Richard T. Svendsen

Myron G. Swain

R. Barry Swain

John Szymkowski

Marvin Talso

John H. Tatigian

Stephen J. Tauber

James M. Taylor

Philip R. Taylor

Zbigniew Tazbir

Mary K. Tebedo

Pamela Teeter

Daniel M. Telep

Arnold S. Tepper

Thomas N. Tesch

Irving H. Tesmer

Albert R. Tetrault

Otto J. Thamasett

Deborah A. Thomas

Michael O. Thomas

Robert L. Thompson

Tom N. Thompson

Ronald W. Thurner

Raymond A. Tidrow

Judge Moody R.


Terry N. Toland

Gerald V. Toler

John A. Tolleris

David E. Tompsett

Emory E. Toops, III

Walter Topolewski

Jonathan Topper

Anthony J. Torres, Jr.

Agnes Toth

Ron Tranquilla

Glenn L. Treglown

James D. Trenchard

John C. Tribble

David D. Tripple

Kenneth F. Trofatter

Robert J. Tulper

Lawrence S.

Turnbull, Jr.

Alan J. Turner

Robert V. Ullom

F. Gerry Unabia

Michael J. Urbano

Andrew K. Urushima

Frederick Valadez

C. J. Van Hevelingen

James B. Van Horn

Randall J. Van Vynckt

Anne D. Varley

Robert Velazquez

Luis M. Venegas

Deborah L.


David A. Villadsen

William L. Vincent

John D.


Peter L. Viscusi

George M. Vitak

Arthur P. von Reyn

Joseph Wachter

Andrew K. Wacinski

Carol J. Waelchli

Klaus P. Wagner

Robert Waldman

Edward Walker

Greg Walker

Raymond P. Walsh

Stephen A. Walsh

Lawrence A. Walters

Robert L. Walters

David C. Wankum

Lawrence H.


David P. Ward

Virginia D. Warden

Peter R. Ware

Paul K. Warme

John Warren

Nahum J. Waxman

James O. Wear

David C.


Kent E. Weaver

Mike Weaver

Joseph A. Webb

Louis A. Weber

Kenneth E. Weeden

Richard A. Weichle

Gary B. Weiss

John J. Weiss

Carol A. Wenzel

Lee B. Wernick

Bernard T.

Werwinski, Sr.

Peter J. West

Roger D. West

Steven C. Westfahl

Alan C. Wheeler

Charles E. Wheeler

John Whelihan

Andrew Whisnant

Albert E. White

Donald R. White

John F. Wilcox

Peter M. Wilcox

Sharlene Wilkey

Laurence W. Wilkin

John H. Will

Lynn J. Williams

Wayne R. Williams

Randolph L. Willoby

George L. Wilson

David H. Winter

Glenn M. Wiser

John S. Withers, Jr.

Robert E. Witkowski

R. Peter Wolf

Arthur R. Wolfe

Michael Wolfe

Steven L. Wolfe

Carl F. Wolfhagen

Alex O. Wood

Richard D. Wood

George I. Woodburn

Benjamin T. Wright

Roger C. Wullen

Anthony P. Yantosca

Jewel M. Yoder

John M. Young

Herbert A. Zakrison

Joseph Zec

Gerald O. Zedlitz

Marty Zelenietz

Fred A. Zobrist

David W. Zogbaum

James F. Zuelow

John T. Zwyer


Individual In-Kind Donations

Our Research Library, Reference Collection, Stamps Teach program, and Young Stamp Collectors of

America members all rely on and greatly benefit from in-kind donations from our members.


Jack R. Dykhouse

Andrew C. Lehmann


Mimi Coppersmith

Puneet Goel

Richard Lehmann

Carol Lilleberg

Michael D. Pinnisi

Knut Royce


Hubert Aichinger

Edmund R. Alteri

Bill Bauerband

Stan Bien

Howard Blum

Stanley W. Chittick

Donald C. DeWees

Stephen B.

Dubina, Jr.

Jay A. Frogel

George C. Gorman

Patrick P. Hervy

Stuart Kyle

Eric W. Noreen

John B. Reiss

Kenneth C.


Vincent N. Santucci

Robert M. Skirvin

Sandra Steeley

Gannon Sugimura

Richard VanGorder

Kenneth D. Weyers

Barry Witkosky

Anita Zenger


John R. Albers

Robert Norwell Aymar


Howard L. Blum, Jr.

Harold Burson

Mrs. Paula Cala

Bruce E. Engstler

Thomas P. Gammarano

Katherine A. Lehmann

Mr. & Mrs. Richard

A. Phelps

Lloyd G. Scott

Gerard T. York

Mrs. Noel Barros

Zahava Bensimon

Katherine J. Blanchard

Roger D. Curran

Robbin S. Dick

David A. Drach

Sloane M. Droll

Henry R. Funsch

L. R. Gotay

James F. Hansen

Catherine Hennessey

William T. Horsfield

Edward H. Jarvis

Pam Luecke

Robert Bruce Marsden

Leo P. Martyn

William F. Murdy

Brandon Nugent

Gerald L. Robbins

Robert C. Rudine

George B. Shaw

Allen Steiner

Mrs. A. Lee Straayer

Janet S. Todd

Robert G. Wightman

Kellie Wolfinger

Hugh W. Wood Estate

Marilou Young

Xiang Yu

Dean A. Zickert


James D. Adams

Jane E. Amacher

Victor B. Bailey

Elizabeth Bosco

James R. Brown

Harold Burson

Mrs. Judith S. Carrigan

Leslie F. Cleland

Joseph P. Connolly, Jr.

Cliff Dargie

Richard E. Drews

James J. Economos

Michael E. Emrick Estate

Stanley G. Field

Jeffre D. Fiszbein

Ronald Frank

Mr. & Mrs. Mike Gabriel

Eric R. Gamble

Dennis R. Gilson

Justin R. Gordon

John Hagefstration

Sandra Hausner

Barry & Karen Jetton

Michael P. Kabel

Ronald P. Kosarko

Joseph Kovler

Clayton C. Lonie

Edgar G. McLellan

Lauren Pinzka

Lawrence T. Pistell

Roger R. Rhoads

Richard J. Rinkoff

Steven J. Rod

George C. Russell Estate

Bernard V. Sigg

Audrey Solnit

David Spivack

Harlan F. Stone


Jeffery L. Cole

Cary W. Hall

James E. Lee

Robert H. Marks

James Nello Martin, Jr.

William A. O’Conner

Yoram B. Szekely

David Telford

Kenneth G. Uyl

David N. Vigor

Alan Warren

Stephen S. Washburne

Steven Zwillinger


Robert P. Anderson

Steven W. Andreasen

Arthur W. Askey, Jr.

John H. Barwis

Benjamin R. Beede

Kenneth E. Brown

Dana Cline

Peter M. Coyne

Greg Dillner

Mark H. Donaldson, Jr.

Rena Fugate

Greg Galletti

Martin Garfinkel

Ian C. Gibson-Smith

Jeffrey Goodman

Robert A. Greenwald

Glenn A. Handler

Dustin A. Hatley

John B. Hayhurst

David Heller

Mrs. Rietta C. Henderson

Brewer T. Horton, Jr.

Forrest W. Hunter

Eileen Bell Landau

Prabhu Loganathan

W. J. Lundquist

Ken MacBain

John Malack

William McCloe

Wanda McGarry

George W. McGowan

Gary Meyer

Ed & Jan Meyers

Robert Michel






Scott Publishing Co.


Stamps for the Wounded


Eagle Coin & Stamp Exchange

Royal Philatelic Society, London

Mick G. Mikuenski

Charlotte Morris

William Needham

Thomas E. Neely

Elizabeth F. Ratliff

Robert L. Re

Dennis Reynolds

Robert W. Rightmire

George A. Schwenk

Sigurd M. Sorensen, Jr.

James K. Stevens

Lucindo Suarez

Stanley E. Weiner

Edward W. Wengert

Jay Willemssen


Donald J. Adams

Francis Adams

Scott Adams

Arthur D. Baer

James F. Barnes

Edward Bishop

Andrew Boyajian

William B. Budris

Kerry J. Byrnes

Paul E. Cacchione

Robert H. Cameron

Dominic Cammarota

Dan Chaij

E. Carl Cierpial

Neil Coker

Vincent M. Costello

Matthew J. Creme, Jr.

John K. Cross, III

Merrill G. Culver, Jr.

Pierre De Boeck

Manuel Diaz

W. Douglas Drumheller

Mark Edelstein

Melvin T. Edmonds, Jr.

Barbara Erickson

Terence S. Fitzgerald

Jack Friedman

Judith Friedman

Judy Frish

Ben Gale

Fred Geldon

Diane Glossman

Victor A. Goldberg

Ronald W. Gollhardt

John F. Graves

Barbara Gronsky

Richard T. Hall

& Mrs. Robert Harper

Leonard H. Hartmann

Eugene T. Hays

Lewis C. Heckroth

Don E. Heller

Joseph W. Hills

Terence M. Hines

Janice Hornhill

Jon A. Hussey

Thomas V. Infantino

Philip Jackson

Stephen A. Jones

Lawrence E. Justice

Eric J. Karell

Norman A. Karsten

Farid Khadduri

Ralph B. Kimball

Everett M. King, Jr.

Albert Knight

Herbert R. Krimmel

Samuel L. Kyzar

Michael W. Lake

Robert E. Lamb

Yechiel M. Lehavy

William L. Lehr

Ronald E. Lesher

Jacob Leventhal

Carl Locken

Rene R. Lopez-Dorticos

Charles D. Lynn

Malcolm MacDonald

Don F. Mackintosh, II

Gerard E. Marandino

Andrew A. Mazzara

Richard B. McCammon

Norma Miles

Foster E. Miller, III

Carl R. Moon

Larry Morris

Mrs. Sharon Mortrud

Gerald E. Noeske

Norman R. Nonnweiler

Alan S. Pearce

Robert Pellegrini

Stanley M. Piller

Theodore Ploplis

Ken Pollard

Robert B. Ransom

David G. Remington

Martin D. Richardson

Vincent A. Ross

Daniel N. Rusnak

John Sage

Steven D. Sansom

Colleen Sawyer

Ken Schoolmeester

Adrienne Schumacher

Stephen D.

Schumann, RDP

Dennis B. Scott

Fred E. Selles

Anthony N. Serio

Martin L. Severe

Robert Sherman

Tony Shoberg

Robert F. Smetana

David W. Snow

Philip Souers

Kevin Spaulding

Colin W. Spong

Lewis J. Sprague

Becky Squier

& Mrs. Patrick Stapleton

Robert W. Stark

Lamar Stout

Mike Street

Thomas Stutesman

Michael Theobald

Ronald W. Thurner

Elizabeth A. Tillman

Lauren Uhl

Morris F. Virnig

Robert C. Visser

Greg Walker

Nahum J. Waxman

James R. Weiland

Karin Weyl

Michael B. Wickberg

Patricia K. Wise

Lee Zachariades

John E. Zwyghuizen

Future Builders

A small group of members help provide a steady income stream to the APS by making monthly gifts. Most opt to have

the gifts automatically charged to their credit card or deducted from their bank account.

Joan Anderson

William Carson

John Conklin

Jason Drake

Charles Harrienger

Robert Dalton Harris

William T. Harris III

Steven Heaney

Gary Hendren

Edward Kroll

Luca Lavagnino

Clark Lee

Joann & Kurt Lenz

Gary Loew

Ken Martin

Michael McCabe

Foster Miller

Irving Miller

Dana Middleton

Gunther Monteadora

George Neyrey III

James Risner

Wade Saadi

William Schultz

Sam Smith

Bill Strauss

Kenneth Trettin

David Wessely

Ronald Yeager


2019 APS Recruiting Honor Roll

The complete list of 2019 recruiters and the number of

applications sponsored (all one each unless otherwise noted)

is as follows:

Paul W. Abernathy, Jr.

Alameda Stamp Club

Raymond G. Alexander

Gregory E. Allen

Allentown Philatelic

Society (2)

Am. Soc. for Netherlands


American Air Mail Society

American Ceremony

Program Society (2)

Anchorage Philatelic


John D. Anderson

Art Cover Exchange

Asheville Stamp Club (4)

William P. Athens (9)

Badger Stamp Club (3)

Michael Ball

Baltimore Philatelic

Society (2)

Vic Bardon

Marc S. Bedrin (4)

Anthony Benz

Charles Berg, Jr.

Big Lick Stamp Club (2)

Torbjorn E. Bjork

David C. Blackhurst

Blennerhassett Stamp


Leonard E. Bloom

Carl F. Blozan

British Columbia

Philatelic Society

Lewis Burchett (2)

Leslie E. Butler (2)

Richard A. Butterworth

Stevan W. Cady

Capital City

Philatelic Society

Jackson L. Case, III

Chelmsford Stamp Club

Cherrelyn Stamp Club

Claude C. Ries

Chapter #48 AFDCS

Mark Copp

Dallas/Park Cities Phil.


Edward L. Davidson (2)

Dale R. Davis

Sebastien Delcampe

Timothy J. Devaney

Christopher Diaz (4)

Dr. Donald R. Dolan, Jr.

Eire Philatelic Association

David S. Epstein

Glenn A. Estus

Maurice (Herb) A. Eveland

Allen V. Fracchia

Clark Frazier

Fremont Stamp Club

Gainesville Stamp Club

John J. Germann

Goebel Adult Comm.

Ctr. Stamp Club

Gary M. Goldstein

Greater Cincinnati

Phil. Society

Greater Richmond

Stamp Club

Alexander T. Haimann (49)

Michael J. Haskell

Todd D. Hause

Robert J. Hausin

Hawaiian Philatelic

Society (2)

William A. Herzig

Highlands Stamp Club

David F. Hoover

Houston Philatelic Society

Andrew D. Huber (4)

Humboldt Stamp

Collectors’ Club

Stan Iceland

Indiana Stamp Club (5)

Inland Empire

Philatelic Society

Sheikh Shafiqul Islam (2)

Eric A. Jackson

Janesville Stamp Club

Terrence C. Jensen

Jockey Hollow Stamp Club

James T. Jordan

Anthony R. Kassel

Eugene F. Kathol

Forrest R. Kauffman

Patricia A. Kaufmann

Byron E. Kennel

Michael W. Kiszka (3)

Knoxville Philatelic Society

Joseph J. Kopozak

Lafayette Stamp Club


Melanie Lawson

Dwan C. Leach

Robert Lehmann

Mark M. Leon (2)

Kevin A. Lesk

Bobby Liao (4)

Liberian Philatelic Society

Matthew E. Liebson (11)

Robert K. Liese

Thomas R. Loebig

Alex L. Lutgendorf

Arthur A. Luther (4)

Robert E. Lynch

Anthony Mancuso

Robert W. Martin

Mathematical Study Unit

Mark E. Mattox

McAllen Stamp Club

Brian McGrath

Mesa Stamp Club

Metro Louisville

Stamp Society

Midwest Philatelic Society

Irving R. Miller (3)

Nancy L. Miller

Monterey County

Stamp Club (2)

Jon S. Montgomery

Montrose Stamp Club

David Morrison

Mt. Nittany

Philatelic Society

Michael C. Mules (2)

Naperville Area

Stamp Club (2)

Newburyport Stamp Club

Nicaragua Study Group

Kenneth M. Nieser

William A. Norberg

Norman Stamp Club

Omaha Philatelic Society

Niki L. Oquist (5)

Errol F. Osteraa

Will OSullivan

Oswego Stamp Club

John W. Owen, Sr. (2)

Christopher J. Palermo

Clifford Peeno

Richard A. Peterson

Stanley Polchinski

David A. Pollick (3)

George D. Porter

Post Mark Collectors Club

Precancel Stamp Society (2)

Prescott Stamp Club

Stanley J. Richmond

Gilbert M. Roderick (2)

Dave A. Ruch

Sacramento Philatelic

2019 APS Top


Donald J. Sundman 182

Alexander T. Haimann 49

Matthew E. Liebson 11

William P. Athens 9

John R. Winkel 7

Joseph Zec 7

Indiana Stamp Club 5

Niki L. Oquist 5

Asheville Stamp Club 4

Marc S. Bedrin 4

Christopher Diaz 4

Andrew D. Huber 4

Bobby Liao 4

Arthur A. Luther 4

Society (3)

San Antonio Philatelic

Association (2)

Santa Rosa Stamp Club

William R. Schultz

Frank L. Sente

Sheboygan Stamp Club

Jack L. Sheldon, Jr.

Shenandoah Valley

Stamp Club (3)

H. Dennis Shumaker

Evan M. Siegling

Thomas S. Sivak

Robert S. Smith

Southern Nevada

Stamp Club

Herbert C. Spomer

St. Petersburg Stamp Club

Jeffrey A. Stage

Stamp Collectors Club

of Toledo

Stamp Show Here Today,

The Podcast

State Revenue Society

Paul Stempinski

Mark A. Sturgess

Donald J. Sundman (182)

Sussex County Stamp

Club (3)

Robert L. Taylor, Sr.

Nakul S. Telang

Marios Theodossiou

Thomas B. Torbert

Triangle Stamp Club

Tri-City Stamp Club

Gene C. Trinks

Twin City Philatelic Society

Don W. Van Hoesen

Venice Stamp Club

Virtual Stamp Club

Waterville Stamp Club

Richard A. Weinberg

Edward H. Weisman

David C. Wessely

Westfield Stamp Club (2)

Casey Jo White

Wichita Stamp Club

Wilkinsburg Stamp Club

Wilmington Philatelic


John R. Winkel (7)

Mark R. Winters

Richard L. Wolfe (2)

Wyoming Valley

Stamp Club

Lester M. Yerkes

Mohammad Aslam Zahid

Joseph Zec (7)

Lan Q. Zhang

APS Staff 914

Total New Members 1,424


The Legacy Society

Membership in the Legacy Society is provided to individuals who have included the American Philatelic Society or the

American Philatelic Research Library in their wills. Please notify us if you should be included in this list!

Ted E. Ashworth

Richard A. Colberg

Ann Dunkin

C. David Eeles

Lois Evans de Violini

Gerald J. Gallagher

John J. Germann

David E. Gillis

Alexander Hall

Our thanks to the following individuals who have included the Society or Library in their will:

Donald Kelley

John A. Krantz

David C. Lingard

Kenneth P. Martin

R. S. McDowell

Sid Morginstin

Ralph H. Nafziger

Kenneth R. Nilsestuen

2019 Special Gifts

Robert P. Odenweller

Don David Price

George S. Robinson, Jr.

Frank Sente

Marjory J. Sente

Dennis E. Stark

Harlan F. Stone

Herbert A. Trenchard


Sadly, 361 members of the Society passed away during 2019. Gifts were received in memory of a number of these

members from family, friends and other APS members. A few chapters also remember their fellow members, regardless

of whether they were APS members, by making gifts to the Society. In total, 75 memorial gifts totaling over $9,002 were

received in 2019 in memory of the following individuals.

Diane Achgill

Leonard Beck

Wilhelm Bilgram

Herb Birk

Bob Blizzard

Edward Bonett

Thomas Burdak

James Burgeson

Ken Davis

Norman Elrod

Bill Fisch

Myron Fox

Paul Fusco

Stephen Gable

Peter Ten Eyck Gebhard Sr.

Reinhard Graetzer

George Griffenhagen

Mary Harris

Steve Henderson

David Johnson

Henry Laessig

Maurice Landry

Stanley J. Luft

CWO James E. McDevitt

Jim and Sheri Miller

Max Moser

John C. Olson

Vic Pawlak

Dilmond Postlewait

James Pullin

John Roberts

Robert C. Stendel

Rex Stever

Sandra Sundfor

Louise Toft

Gregory Scott Ward

Allen Weinstein

William Wendling

Hugh Wood

Dr. Martha Jane Zachert

Diane Hussell Zeigler

In Honor

Each year a few gifts are received in honor of members. Such gifts have typically been made in to recognize extraordinary

service or an event such as a birthday or anniversary.

Bob Arundale

George Eveleth

Lilian Madan Gamble

Douglas Gary

Mary Harris

How Chun Lam

John Rigney

Bill Schultz

Library Staff

Valerie’s Support


The below companies matched recent gifts made to the APS/APRL by their current or retired employees. If you don’t know

if your employer has a matching gift program, please ask your personnel office. More than 1,000 companies in the United

States “match” charitable donations.

Bank of America

Exxon Mobil Foundation

Janus Foundation

Johnson, Mirmiran & Thompson

Yourcause, LLC


The Campaign for Philately

The Campaign for Philately is the banner under which the APS and

APRL jointly conduct fundraising activities. The purpose of our Campaign

is to provide additional resources for the Society and Library to

better serve the membership and to promote stamp collecting. Donors

may direct gifts for specific purposes. Undesignated gifts are utilized in

consistence with the purpose of the campaign, including current programs

and services.

Initiatives that benefit from the Campaign include the following:

membership promotion; technology upgrades; youth and education

programs; advertising and public relations promoting the hobby; as well as the creative use of emerging digital and Internet


Note that our Recognition Issue listings treat pledges and end-of-year donations as the IRS treats donations, which creates

small differences compared to our audited financial statements, which must follow accounting regulations.

Cash Received

Pledge Payments $27,100

Memorial Gifts $9,002

Estates $1,579,257

Matching Gifts 609

Honorary Gifts $1,605

Other Cash $577,742

Subtotal $2,195,315

Sale of Donated Stamps $89,196

Use of Donated Postage $55,688

Sale of Donated Lib Matl $14,342

Subtotal $159,226

Total $2,354,541

2019 Fundraising Costs

Personnel $166,359

Credit Card Costs $2,134

Postage $5,091

Other Office Expense $9,405

Mighty Buck Mailing $10,034

Campaign for Philately Reception 7,780

AP Donor Recognition 7,104

Inter Office Services

(Accounting, Mailroom, etc.) 9,558

Total $217,465

% Cost of Fundraising 9%

2019 Fundraising Snapshot

Cash by Designation

(Excludes Non-Cash Gift Proceeds)

APS Endowment $900

APS General $120,536

Book Restoration $3,014

Chicago 2021/Soiree $74,789

David Straight Award $1,230

Debt Reduction/Building $1,578,976

Education $3,157

Employee Appreciation $6,534

Exhibiting $2,100

Expertizing $10,022

Library Acquisitions $1,915

Library Endowment $5,608

Library General $37,965

Mighty Buck $56,888

Stamps Teach $15,169

Technology/Website $125,942

Unrestricted $127,483

Young Phil Leaders $14,177

Youth $2,138

Youth Summer Seminar

Scholarship $6,180

Other $592

Total $2,195,315

For more information on how you or your organization can support the Campaign for Philately

please contact Scott English,, or 814-933-3814.


Bequests are Important to APS & APRL

A bequest is a gift made through a Will or Codicil that takes effect when an estate is settled. Although bequests provide

no immediate income, their impact can be great. A bequest to the APS or APRL can be written into a Will or added to an

existing Will by amending it through a Codicil.

Bequests remove assets from the taxable estate and may take several forms:

A percentage bequest allocates a fixed percent of your estate;

I give, devise, and bequeath to the American Philatelic Society, a non-profit organization located at 100 Match

Factory Place, Bellefonte, Pennsylvania 16823, ______ percent of my estate, both real and personal property

of whatever kind and whatsoever situated.

A residual bequest grants the residue, or portion of the residue, of your estate to the APS after explicit bequests have been


I give, devise, and bequeath to the organization and address, all (or ___%) of the rest, residue, and remainder

of my estate, both real and personal property of whatever kind and whatsoever situated.

A specific or explicit bequest for a stated dollar amount or securities;

I give, devise, and bequeath to organization and address, the sum of _____ dollars (or describe the specific

property or security you intend to bequeath).

A contingent bequest in case one or more of your bequests cannot be fulfilled;

If any of the above-named beneficiaries should predecease me, I hereby bequeath his/her share of my estate to

organization and address.


For more information on planned giving opportunities please contact Scott English, or 814-933-3814.

Volunteers Provide Critical Support

Both the Society and Library have always relied on volunteer

support. The APS Board of Directors, APRL

Board of Trustees, and all our committee chairs and

members are volunteers. Additional volunteer support is

critical to maintain our high level of member services. During

2019 nearly 11,000 hours were provided in person at the

American Philatelic Center – an equivalent of 5.5 full-time

employees – which does not include the many volunteer

hours provided by individuals working from their homes,

nor the dedicated service of our 85 nationally accredited

judges whose honorariums typically cover a small fraction

of their out-of-pocket expenses.

Our tenth Volunteer Work Week was held in 2019 with

41 volunteers spending at least part of the week at the APS at

their own expense. We extend special thanks to those volunteers:

Charles Belair, Paula Belair, Laurie Bieniosek, Thomas

Bieniosek, Darlene Bloom, Leonard Bloom, David Caster,

Bob Ceo, Brian Christian, Keith Christian, David Clark,

Debbie Cleeton, Dick Colberg, Nina Cowart, Robert Cowells,

Marian Hare, Linda Harrison, William Hartung, Richard

Judge, Tomasz Letowski, Robert Loych, Thomas Loych,

Kathy Maxwell, Bill Monsell, Ellen Peachey, Keshava Prasad,

Eric Reed, Gerry Robbins, Karen Robbins, Paul Shamel, Andrew

Solomon, Joseph Solomon, Kathy Solomon, Paulette

Solomon, Ben Stauss, Janet Stauss, Joseph Sullivan, Joseph

Wachter, Stephen Walsh, Lori Williams, and Kitty Wunderly.

We look forward to the 11th Annual Volunteer Work

Week, July 13–17, 2020. Register now at


Volunteers continue to be a valuable resource in the

American Philatelic Research Library’s mission to provide

outstanding library services. Kitty Wunderly, Ellen Peachey

and Bill Monsell volunteer on a weekly basis in order to

mend and repair materials identified in the collection that

are in need of restoration. Ron Gruici volunteers twice a

month to sort and organize donated materials for inclusion

in the American First Day Cover Society Archives. Karen

Robbins processes donations and prices used philatelic literature.

We are dependent on volunteers for book reviews in the

Philatelic Literature Review. Thanks especially to John Bowman,

Christopher Kolker, Gary Wayne Loew, Peter Martin,

Giorgio Migliavacca, Ken Sanford, and Alan Warren.

The article index available through the David Straight


Memorial Philatelic Union Catalog is built almost entirely

through volunteer contributions. Thanks to Gene Fricks,

who indexes many journals, and to those who contribute

to his index: Alan Warren (Posthorn), David Crotty (Meter

Stamp Society Quarterly Bulletin), and Randy Woodward

(Philamath). Thanks also to our library-trained volunteer

indexers: Tony Croce (The American Philatelist, American

Stamp Dealer and Collector, and Linn’s Stamp News), Chris

Steenerson (older issues of American Revenuer), and Robin

Gates Elliott (Bulletin of the Polonus Philatelic Society).

Summer Seminar is a wonderful learning experience

for all who attend because of our members who generously

give their time and expertise. Thank you to the 2019 Summer

Seminar instructors and presenters: Thomas Bieniosek,

Richard Colberg, Dr. Charles J. DiComo, Stan Fairchild,

Clark Frazier, Paul Holland, Tom Horn, Eric Jackson, Ron

Lesher, Steven McGill, Jerry Miller, Paul Petersen, Daniel

Piazza, T.G. Rehkop, Gerry Robbins, Bill Schultz, Jeffrey

Shapiro, Tom Slemons, Phil Stager, Milt Worth, and Wayne


On-the-Road Courses are made possible because

knowledgeable collectors are willing to share with others.

In 2019, eight individuals provided courses at a variety of

locations around the country. Thanks to volunteer instructors

Guy Gasser, Justin Gordon, James E. Lee, Gary Wayne

Loew, Frank Scheer, Phil Stager, Casey Jo White, and Wayne


Andrew Blanchard, Darlene Bloom, Leonard Bloom,

Debbie Cleeton, Jerry Gill, Tom Horn, Gerry Robbins,

Cheryl Rowe, Ben Stauss, Mike Williams and others provided

close to 2,500 volunteer hours for our adult and youth

education programs.

Several volunteers worked from their homes soaking,

trimming and stripping stamps from donated albums. These

include Kay Boob, Sharon Burgstahler, Ramona Finley, Janet

Houser, Douglas Mueller, and

Diane Snyder.

Leonard and Darlene

Bloom put in over 2,700

hours helping us to process

in-kind donations. They were

assisted by Richard Nakles

and Karen Robbins. Debbie

Cleeton affixed thousands of

dollars of donated postage to

envelopes. The sale of in-kind

donations and use of donated

postage resulted in more than

$140,000 for the Society —

our best year ever.

Our sales divisions rely

on volunteers to assist with

the large volume of material

we sell on behalf of our members

— online and through

the mail. Irv Adams and Ken Krivy assist Circuit Sales with

book photography and sorting sales books for recirculation.

Irv Adams, Debbie Cleeton, Dennis Gilson, Mike Williams

and Ben Stauss assist Internet Sales with scanning the thousands

of images each week for items that will go on sale at

Our winter and summer shows welcomed the assistance

of over 100 volunteers who helped staff the registration

booth, Stamps by the Bucket, and the youth area, and helped

mount and dismount exhibits. Volunteers at the shows included

Bob Akaki, Steven Bahnsen, Thomas and Janet Baillie,

Dee Baird, Andy Bergstrom, Tom and Laurie Bieniosek,

Jim and Maggie Blaetz, Mel Borofsky, Ruth Brichacek, Ben

Brick, Woodrow Brooks, Sharon Burgstahler, Cynthia Carlson,

Cy Casselman, Alan Cecilo, Steve Chun, Lawrence Clay,

Beth Collins, Marsha Condit, Jack Congrove, Lawrence

Cooper, Vincent Cosenza, Stan Cromlish, Larry Davidson,

Aimee Devine, David Eeles, Tammy Faux, Gail Feris, Larry

Fillion, R. S. Frank, Randall Greenwood, John Groves, Dave

Gustafson, James Hamilton, Dave Hamilton, John and Dawn

Hamman, John Hardies, Scott Henault, Ian Hunter, Joel

Johnson, Michael Johnson, Paul Jones, Susan Jones, Richard

Judge, Gene Kathol, David Kent, Robert Klass, Charles

Klaus, Jerry Kopff, Mark Koss-Fillinger, Thomas Lane, Frederick

Lawrence, Kevin Lesk, Betty Lewis, Donn Leuck, Dexter

and Kathy Mattoon, Edward Mead, Lynda Michaelson,

Hans Moesbergen, Amber Morris, Ralph Nafziger, Dale

Niebuhr, Norma Neilson, Stephen Patrick, Kristin Patterson,

Sachin Pawaskar, Marjorie Perlman, JoLuYnn Ratzlaff,

Thomas Reyman, Keith Riese, Patrick Rourk, Mike Schumacher,

Mark Selhorn, Frank and Marjory Sente, Lee Shedroff,

Van Siegling, Susan Sisson, Bob Smith, Tom Smith,

Alexia Steffen, David Steidley, Jay and Denise Stotts, Rn and

Bethel Strawser, Robert Thompson, LaVonne Uffelman, Pat

and MaryAnn Walters, Samuel and Amber Wesely, Loyal


Wiens, G. E. Wilcox, Mark Wille, Erica Wilson, William

Woytowich, and Michael Zolno. These and additional unnamed

volunteers provided more than 300 hours of support

at our winter show and about 450 hours of assistance at our

summer show.

Dennis Gilson is another APS member who volunteered

on a weekly basis in 2019. Gilson helped with Expertizing,

scanned Internet Sales orders, proofread The American Philatelist

and volunteered to assist with nearly anything else we

needed. Past Expertizing directors Mercer Bristow and Tom

Horn both provided substantial volunteer support, including

maintaining our Reference Collection of genuine and

counterfeit stamps.

Since January of 2010, members of our local community

have provided regular assistance. The Retired and Senior

Volunteers of Centre County, PA, have donated many hours

at the American Philatelic Center and from their homes preparing

in-kind stamp donations to be used in programs with

children and adult beginners. We also thank weekly community

volunteer Jerry Gill, who is in his 11th year of service.

We understand that not every member is financially able

to assist the Society and Library, but we will do our best to

find a way that every member can help us! With an organization

and membership as diverse as the APS/APRL, there

is always a job to be done. Information on volunteering is

available on our website at

Meet Our Dedicated Volunteers

In March 2020, Development Assistant Erin Seamans

interviewed three of the American Philatelic Society’s regular

volunteers. Darlene and Leonard Bloom, and Debbie

Cleeton, spend several days a week at the American

Philatelic Center, and the APS has made many thousands

of dollars through their combined efforts to organize your

donations. Read an excerpt of their interview below, and

read the full interview on

Erin: What does a typical day look like when

you volunteer?

Leonard: When you commit to something, you really

commit, so when different volunteers arrive I make sure

to be here to help them. We process donations, help people

when they come into the gift shop, ready the items for

resale and ready the items for auctions when needed. We

determine where the donations need to go to best benefit

the APS.

Darlene: You never know what you’ll come across when

you’re going through donations. The Keith Stupell Gift Shop,

located in the APRL, shares space with the Stamp and Cover

Shop which offers the public an opportunity to purchase

donated material. All profits benefit the Education Department.

Items for sale include philatelic materials such as collections,

covers, first day covers, supplies and much more.

Many donations go towards kids, and various education


Leonard: If someone is interested in visiting the Stamp

and Cover shop, we encourage you to email us at lbloom@ ahead of time to let us know the day and time

and what you’re interested in so we can support you. This

can also be a great opportunity for clubs to visit the American

Philatelic Center to see everything we have to offer, from

circuit sales, to the American Philatelic Research Library, to

the Stamp and Cover shop.

Debbie: Once Darlene and Leonard pre-sort U.S. mint

Darlene and Leonard Bloom and Debbie Cleeton.

postage from donated materials, it is given to me and I further

sort them to be applied to covers for various departments

at the APS. There are ongoing projects and I enjoy the

creative outlet. I try to keep covers interesting for stamp collectors.

By selecting specific stamps, I can create, when possible,

topical covers or highlight something timely like the

50th anniversary of the first moon landing. Every project is

a new learning experience. Some examples of the things I’ve

learned about are countries that no longer exist, politics, art,

language, currencies, etc. When I think about it, at the end

of the day my brain has somewhat been donated to philately;

when I am applying postage I am using my left side for math

and the right side for creating.

Leonard: I should also mention that sometimes we will

receive back the mailers and envelopes that Debbie applied

postage to in our new donations, so it’s somewhat of a recycling

process, and shows that collectors save these beautiful



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