Proposal for Taksim Urban Design Competition

erdemtuzun

Hayrettin Günç - ​MAUD ​Architect, Urban Designer Elif Tan - MSc. Architect, Urban Planner Erdem Tüzün - MSc. Architect Yelta Köm - MA Architect Dima Rachid- MLA Landscape Architect Leah Moukarzel - MA Landscape Architect

TAKSIM URBAN DESIGN COMPETITION

S3OG16BJ



TEAM LIST

Hayrettin Günç - ​MAUD ​Architect, Urban Designer

Elif Tan - MSc. Architect, Urban Planner

Erdem Tüzün - MSc. Architect

Yelta Köm - MA Architect

Dima Rachid- MLA Landscape Architect

Leah Moukarzel - MA Landscape Architect

HELPERS

Ayşegül Seyhan - Architect

Tarık Keskin - Architect

Elif Çak Köm - Product Designer

Aziz Barbar - Architect

Sina Özbudun - MSc. Architect

CONSULTANTS

Visual Graphic Design: Emre Parlak, Graphic Designer

Structural Engineering: Doruk Kemal Kaplan, Civil Engineer

Environmental Design: Volkan Doda, Architect

Climate Change and Resiliency: Naz Beykan, Architect

Transportation Planner & Mobility Expert: Celal Tolga İmamoğlu, Engineer

Transportation Engineer: Yunus Emre Yılmaz, Engineer

Lighting Design: L’Observatoire International

Urban Play Strategies: Superpool (Selva Gürdoğan, Gregers Thomsen), Architect

Accessibility & Inclusivity: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Evrim Demir Mischenko, Architect

Product Design: İrem Zincircioğlu, Interior Architect

Art in Public Space / Curatorial Strategies: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Pelin Tan, Sociologist

Participatory Process: Merve Gül Özokcu, Emre Gündoğdu, Architect

Cultural Communication Strategy: Elif Çiğdem Artan, Sociologist, Museologist

Large Events Planning: Doruk Çiftçi, Architect

Urban Sociology: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Didem Danış, Sociologist

Architectural / Urban History: Prof. Dr. Neşe Gurallar, Architect

Urban Anthropology: Dr. Viola Castellano, Anthropologist

Illustration: Cem Dinlenmiş, Artist

Cultural

Communication

Strategist

Elif Çiğdem Artan

Play Expert

Selva Gürdoğan

Gregers Thomsen

(Superpool)

Visual & Graphic

Designer

Emre Parlak

Product

Designer

Elif Çak Köm

Urban

Planner

Elif Tan

Urban

Designer

Hayrettin Günç

Architectural

Designer

Erdem Tüzün

Yelta Köm

Hayrettin Günç

Elif Tan

Participatory Design

Consultant

Merve Gül Özokcu

Emre Gündoğdu

Engagement

Design

Lighting

Designer

L’Observatoire

International

Curatorial Strategies

& Art in Public Space

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Pelin Tan

Landscape

Designer

Dima Rachid

Leah Moukarzel

Urban Historian

Prof. Dr. Neşe Gurallar

Art

Taksim

Environment

Environmental

Designer

Volkan Doda

Illustration

Cem Dinlenmiş

Large Event

Coordinator

Doruk Çiftçi

Culture

Urban

Sociology

Urban

Assoc.Prof. Dr. Didem Danış

Anthropologist

Dr. Viola Castellano

Accessibility

& Inclusivity

Assoc. Prof. Dr.

Evrim Demir Mischenko

Mobility

Transportation

Engineer

Yunus Emre Yılmaz

Transportation

Planner

Celal Tolga İmamoğlu

Climate Change

and Resiliency

Expert

Naz Beykan


1 DAYS WITH JOY IN TAKSİM

Movie season at Gezi Park kicks off with Happy Days(Neşeli

Günler). Every Thursday, a new movie will be screened throughout

the summer.

2 VENDORS BLOOM WITH COLORS FOR MOTHERS’ DAY.

Gülizar(45), a flower vendor for 20 years, and husband Cemil(48)

are interviewed for the special day.

3 STREET ARTISTS ARE NOT LEAVING IN THE POOL

The reflection pool across the Ataturk Cultural Center caused

disagreement amongst different artist groups.

Kemalettin Erkmen stated that the Pool was in high demand as

it attracted a lot of attention from the passing crowd. “IBB

defines our duty days and hours, however, some musicians do not

comply just to benefit from the advantages of busy days,” he

added.

(Faik the Trumpet is a familiar face of the Pool)

“The Sound of Music should mix with the sound of water.”

Union of Street Musician Co-Chair Arya Karabugdayci, when

consulted, supported her colleagues. Karabugdayci suggested

the elevated contour around the Pool contributed to acoustics:

“Painters can work anywhere, but here, the sound of Music should

mix with the sound of water.” The statement caused negative

reactions amongst the painters.

4 LIGHT, SOME MORE LIGHT

Daylight shining through the Green Garden illuminates the bus

stops.

5 UPCYCLING WITH OLD COBBLESTONES

In Taksim Square, the 10-year-old cobblestones did not go to

waste and are used in the new design.

The fragments of broken cobblestones will be used in water

collection units.

6 INTERACTIVE SCREENS WERE HACKED

The passersby at 11:00 pm on the night of May 12th saw an

interesting notice on the interactive info boards.

Local hacker group, calling themselves “PublicSpaceJam,” hacked

the screens to protest the advertisements issued on the screens.

7 “FLOOD SURRENDERED TO TAKSIM”

Engineer Esra Aslan, who takes a role in the infrastructure

project, discusses red rainwater harvesting canopies, planting

trees, and other precautions against floods.

8 LONG LIVE THE DISABILITY RIGHTS LAW

In Taksim, the campaign taking place during the week of People

With Disabilities, May 10th to May 16th, continues to increase

awareness regarding the rights of people with disabilities.

Disability rights activists Samime Oz Hazar pointed out that

the United Nations Disability Rights Agreement signed by Turkey

should be implemented as soon as possible.

9 DEMONSTRATIONS AGAINST ISKI PRICE RAISE

The local agenda item is next week’s voting on the 10% price

rise in water services effective of December. Demonstrations

took place in Taksim as this information was shared with the

public. About 100 protestors walked from Galatasaray Square

to Taksim Square, carrying colorful banners. After reading the

declaration, the group adjourned peacefully.

10 SKATEBOARD CHANGED HIS LIFE

Fatih(22), a resident of Tarlabasi, states he regularly comes to

Taksim for skateboarding. He discussed how he survived his drug

addiction with the help of skateboarding.

11 LOST WALLET RETURNED TO OWNER IN 10 MINUTES

On Wednesday, May 10th, Sudanese tourist Khalid Moussa dropped

his wallet at the bridge between Gezi Park and Green Garden.

The simit vendor, Aziz B. brought the wallet to the Info Desk

at the Cumhuriyet Boulevard. The wallet was returned to Moussa,

who came to the Info Desk after the announcements. As a show of

gratitude, Moussa thanked the public authorities and bought all

Aziz’s simits.

12 CALENDAR OF ACTIVITIES

Workshop: “Seeds from past to the future” This week, Botany

Studio will focus on seed workshops for children ages 6 to 10.

Comic book: “What we went through” Comic book on a Uighur

woman’s experiences was translated to Turkish and is accessible

in Ataturk Library.

Theater: “Being Queer In 90s” You can see the game by Mekan Arti

at the theater in the Gezi Park.

Concert: “May 19th Recital” International award winner young

pianist Talya Tekay, will perform a special show on May 19th at

the Gezi Park Event Area.

Exhibition: “History of a Square” Taksim From 1920 to 1923

Exhibition in Ataturk Cultural Center was extended through the

end of the year due to profound participation.

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PROLOGUE

Our proposal aims to shift towards

a ‘distributed configuration’ that

allows for Taksim’s resilience,

to be able to respond and adapt

to an increasingly complex and

indeterminate future, within and

beyond the square.

6


7


KADIKÖY

battleground of ideologies

activity nodes

visual relationships

urban experiences

taksim beyond the square

CIVIC & COMMERCE

Bomonti

CIVIC

Kurtuluş

TRANSIT

Osmanbey

TRANSIT

Mecidiyeköy

COMMERCE

Nişantaşı

CIVIC & COMMERCE

Teşvikiye

CIVIC

Maçka

ecological infrastructure

resilience to future indeterminacy

distributed configuration

CULTURE & EDUCATION

Dolapdere

CIVIC

Harbiye

HOTELS

Talimhane

CULTURE & MILITARE

Harbiye

EDUCATION & CIVIC

Taşkışla

COMMERCE & CIVIC

Tarlabaşı

Taksim

EDUCATION

Maçka

COMMERCE

Akaretler

TRANSIT & CIVIC

Beşiktaş

CIVIC

Ortaköy

multi-scalar

inclusiveness

CULTURE

Hasköy

CIVIC

Galatasaray

CIVIC & COMMERCE

Istiklal

EDUCATION & CIVIC

Gümüşsuyu

TRANSIT

Kabataş

ÜSKÜDAR

ÜSKÜDAR

injecting nature

TRANSIT & COMMERCE

Şişhane

CIVIC

Cihangir

KADIKÖY

TRANSIT & CULTURE

Haliç

CULTURE & EDUCATION

Tophane

enhanced connectivity

EDUCATION & CIVIC

Cibali

CIVIC

Balat

TRANSIT & CIVIC

Karaköy

TRANSIT & COMMERCE

Eminönü

KADIKÖY

mobility

social and ecological network

8


Dissolving

Taksim

Taksim is where Istanbul comes together; Taksim is where Istanbul dissolves

Taksim is where Istanbul comes together; Taksim is where Istanbul dissolves.

Since the late Ottoman period and the foundation of the Republic, Taksim has always

been central to the historical, socio-political, and cultural narrative of Istanbul. On one

hand, this centrality created a space of multiplicity and heterogeneity through trade

and cultural activities. On the other hand, it brought a huge amount of pressure which

eventually turned the square into a battleground of ideologies, political statements,

protests, and demonstrations. It is a place that is and will continue to be in flux. In line

with this reality, our approach suggests moving away from traditional, closed, and static

structures, into open and dynamic arrangements.

Taksim Square is a critical juncture for Istanbul - a hub for financial, cultural and political

urban networks.

Our proposal aims to shift towards a ‘distributed configuration’ that allows for

Taksim’s resilience, to be able to respond and adapt to an increasingly complex and

indeterminate future, within and beyond the square.

Reimagining Taksim requires considering a multi-scalar and interdisciplinary approach.

At the city scale, Taksim Square is a critical node for Istanbul’s urban network. We

envision Taksim expanding towards the waterfront, establishing a regional green network,

and connecting with different mobility and cultural nodes across Istanbul. While we

strengthen existing connections, we find an opportunity to establish new nodes and

distribute the load of Taksim to these new spaces. Taksim and Gezi Park have shown in

the past how this decentralization process could work, e.g., Neighborhood Forums that

emerged after Gezi in different parts of the city. We believe that transformations at our

site can have a holistic impact physically, socially, and ecologically, thus serving as a

model for future projects.

Our networked approach advocates for a composition with multiple spatial and

programmatic nodes linked to one another, either physically or digitally. These nodes

and links offer unique urban experiences while complimenting each other. They can

be changed, substituted, or even removed to serve the time and context, emphasizing

the overall resilience and longevity of the system. The changes in the network is

informed by a constant engagement process with inhabitants and stakeholders that

shape Taksim. Citizens are micro nodes of our framework. They might come from

different political ideologies, religions, ethnicities, and cultures individually, but public

spaces have the unique ability to connect people to each other in ways through social

interaction, celebrations, protests and so forth. Our proposal takes this notion into

its focus and explores how spatial infrastructure can help build these connections.

These connections can also be ecological, promoting the square and its context as

one network of flow, integrating green infrastructure for stormwater management on

one hand, and enhancing urban biodiversity and urban microclimates on another. The

injection of nature at the scale of the square, park, and broader context achieves a

cohesive language for Taksim and a collective performance as an intricate social and

ecological network.

What follows is a set of ambitions that we set as core principles guiding the design

process. Taksim’s continuity lies in its persistent use as a public space. Our goal is

to renew this character by tackling mobility issues, ecological infrastructure, and

programmatic questions. In this process, we embrace the complexity of its past and

reveal opportunities for engagement. The new Taksim Square reflects on contemporary

values of resilience, inclusiveness and sustainability in a simple yet strategic series of

spaces, ready to welcome everyone.

9


DESIGN AMBITIONS

Our vision for Taksim is one that

is inspired from the predominant

character of the space and extended

to be seamlessly integrated into a

holistic, novel one. Taksim Square

should be flexible, responsive, and

adaptive, all the while respecting

the historical narrative.

10


11


Ambitions

Revitalize urban character

Can Taksim reclaim its role in Istanbul’s civic life?

Taksim Square is geographically and historically at the heart of the city, but it has

been seen and perceived as a construction site in recent years. As a result of political

decisions, the square has lost its diverse and multicultural identity within the fabric of

Istanbul. Our goal is to redefine the relationship between the square, the park and the

surrounding city and make it a destination again for Istanbul residents.

Action Areas

• Rethink the role of Gezi Park as a site for simultaneous cycles of activities and events

• Provide the void that can be utilized for large scale events and demonstrations

• Strategically locate and create a decentralized system of activity nodes that offer

different urban experiences

• Welcome and encourage night time activities

Welcome All

Can Taksim act as a place for intercultural dialogue and exchange?

Taksim is the pulse of Istanbul. It should make all people who use the public space feel

welcome, respected, safe, and accommodated—regardless of who they are, where

they come from, their abilities, how old they are, or how they use a public space.

Action Areas

• Ensure that there is adequate space for activities promoting inclusiveness

• Support the diverse organizations, individuals and businesses that exists around the

square

• Provide space for vendors that can incubate new ventures, or expand the reach of

their products and services

Reintroduce Nature

Can Taksim Square strengthen and enhance the ecosystem of the city?

Taksim has become a symbol for aggressive redevelopment of the city. We want to

explore the relationship between the park and the square and the landscape at large ,

creating a celebration of sustainability within a new aesthetic that not only changes the

current perception of Taksim but also functions as an urban oasis. In order to create an

environment that people want to spend time in and escape into, we need to establish

and balance a dialogue between urban needs and much needed natural processes and

ecosystem services..

Action Areas:

• Catalyze an urban ecosystem that goes beyond the boundaries of the square

• Increase tree cover in the area and create different micro-climatic conditions and

help mitigate urban heat island effect.

• Optimize the direct experience of man with nature by introducing masses of grasses,

lawn surfaces, and seasonally flowering shrubs, six different typologies within the

overall site.

• Demonstrate how the renaturalization model that invests in ecological assets can

address urban infrastructural challenges, mainly water systems

* The images used in this page are for illustrative purposes only. They are not representative of any person or particular individual.

12


Reveal invisible layers

Can Taksim create opportunities for individuals to reconnect with the past and

get a new understanding of the space and the society they live in?

Taksim has always been a highly charged space where governments and

administrations scrambled to claim their power or to erase the traces of predecessors.

While the monuments and buildings are constructed to be the focus of our attention,

they inevitably become invisible in the public’s eye.

Action Areas

• Create a space that artists can reflect on the history and significance of the space

• Define viewpoints that reveal new perspectives to the site and the city and encourage

people to engage with the different landmarks in the square

• Augment the public space with interactive installations that responds to people’s

input

Maximize accessibility

Can Taksim Square become a node in a well-connected network on various levels?

Despite the fact that private vehicles dominated the past century, the future lies in

alternative modes of public transport: bicycle, shared bicycles, subway, buses and

tram. An important function of Taksim Square is its ability to link these various modes

of transport. We imagine Taksim could become a place where cyclists and pedestrians

feel both prioritized and welcome.

Action Areas

• Increase walkability in the area

• Provide facilities for sustainable modes of transit

• Upgrade and improve public transit access

• Introduce measures that will disincentivize private vehicle trips

Increase resilience

Can we future-proof Taksim against the risks of natural catastrophes?

We have recently experienced how the world as we know can change within a few

weeks. A global pandemic is not the only force that can affect how our cities can

operate. We must prepare Taksim for climate change, expected Istanbul earthquake,

and stormwater flooding with tools responding to the need for resilient design in urban

and public space. With its strategic location and open space capacity, Taksim will have

to be resilient and adaptable to different uses in case of an emergency.

Action Areas

• Improve water efficiency and increase the stormwater-retention capacity of the

square

• Provide safe assembly spaces and basic amenities following a disaster

• Collect and distribute solar power to support electricity needs of the square and be

self sustainable for critical services

* The images used in this page are for illustrative purposes only. They are not representative of any person or particular individual.

13




ISTANBUL

At the city scale, Taksim Square is

a critical node for Istanbul’s urban

network. We envision Taksim redefining

its relationship with the waterfront,

establishing a regional green network,

and enhancing its connection with

mobility and cultural nodes across

Istanbul.

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70.20

LEGEND

ADMINISTRAL

EDUCATIONAL

HISTORICAL

P

RELIGIOUS

SPORTS & RECREATION

P

CAR PARKING

ITU Faculty of

Architecture

North

Feature

Multipurpose

Plaza

Central

Fountain

Amphitheater

Atatürk

Library

7M

P

P

West

Feature

Botanical

Garden

P

P

East Lawn

Gateway

Lawn

Green

Commons

Military

Hospital

Main Plaza

Taksim

Mosque

Maksem

The Republic

Monument

Water

Plaza

French

Consulate

Atatürk Cultural

Center

Vosgeperan Armenian

Catholic Church

French

Cultural Center

İstiklal Street

7M

Hagia Triada

Greek Orthodox Church

P

20M

German Consulate

General

7M

10M

8M

P

P

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TRANSIT HUB

Mecidiyeköy

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Osmanbey

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U1 URBAN CORRIDOR

Cumhuriyet Cad.

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U2 URBAN CORRIDOR

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Yenikapı - Mecidiyeköy Urban Corridor

Taksim should be better connected to different urban nodes of the city especially the critical

transportation ones. We envision that the corridor that connects Taksim to Mecidiyeköy and Yenikapı

will play a critical role in increasing the accessibility of Taksim by providing more transit options for

residents. For Taksim to be a inclusive for someone who lives in the peripheries of the city, the comfort

and duration of their journeys should be enhanced. The corridor will also be an alternative to the metro

network of the city by connecting both historical peninsula and the central business district.

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U2 - Transformation of Tarlabaşı Boulevard

Tarlabaşı Boulevard is a critical street at the urban scale but not locally integrated. Dangerously fast,

yet prone to congestion, the street serve through-traffic at the expense of other uses and form barriers

to pedestrians and cross-street traffic. In its existing structure, access for cyclists, and pedestrians

are difficult and extremely dangerous. In the absence of dedicated facilities for loading and parking,

cyclists and motorcyclists are particularly vulnerable when sharing mixed travel lanes and competing

for space with cars, trucks, and buses. The illustration shows a potential street transformation. We

propose to narrow and reduce the number of travel lanes but increase street capacity by implementing

a center-running dedicated bus lane, and reallocate space by including protected cycle facilities. Two

travel lanes in each direction is dedicated to private vehicles, with select areas for loading and parking.

The medians also provide space for cycle share stations, pedestrian refuge islands, and trees that help

create a sense of enclosure to reduce speeding.

Source: Yandex Maps

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Boğaz

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Haliç

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Ortaköy

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Hasköy

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Beşiktaş

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Kasımpaşa

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Kabataş

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Taksim Waterfront Connection

Transformation of Taksim should reestablish its relationship with the waterfront of the city. This

relationship is not only important for accessbility but also in terms of synergy between different public

amenities and experiences that support each other. In spite of its controversial redevelopment scheme,

Galataport project will dramatically change the character of the stretch that is in close proximity to

Taksim. Future interventions at the urban scale should examine opportunities to extend the experience

of the square to the waterfront by improving streetscape, defining view points and creating micro-scale

public spaces. Fostering people’s interaction with the water-land interface lends it a distinct character.

Hence, equitable access to urban waterfront if ensured at all times, will be key in Taksim’s future.

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COORDINATES

41.234837,

29.993627

DISTANCE TO SQUARE

20 minutes

COORDINATES

41.026837,

28.123627

DISTANCE TO SQUARE

20 minutes

COORDINATES

41.038400,

28.993661

DISTANCE TO SQUARE

17 minutes

COORDINATES

41.634126,

28.246715

DISTANCE TO SQUARE

17 minutes

COORDINATES

41.029112,

28.983321

DISTANCE TO SQUARE

15 minutes

COORDINATES

41.162736,

28.151257

DISTANCE TO SQUARE

25 minutes

Potential Sites

Some strategic sites in Taksim’s pedestrian shed have been identified as potential sites for design

interventions.Keeping in mind how city-wide systems operated and converged at Taksim, releasing

pressure at strategic points can release pressure for the whole city.

Source: Google Maps

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+ NEIGBORHOOD + PARK + +

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Maçka Sanat

CITY PARK

Yıldız

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Hacıahmet Parkı

GREEN PROMENADE

Cumhuriyet

NEIGBORHOOD PARK

Cumhuriyet Parkı

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CITY PARK

Maçka

+ + + NEIGBORHOOD PARK +

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İnönü Parkı

NEIGBORHOOD PARK

Şairler Sofrası

GREEN PROMENADE

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Sururi Parkı

CITY PARK

Gezi

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GARDEN

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10 Aralık Şehitler Parkı

Dolmabahçe

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GREEN PROMENADE

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GARDEN

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Tophane Parkı

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NEIGBORHOOD PARK

Perşembe Pazarı Parkı

GREEN PROMENADE

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Creating a Blue-Green Network for Resiliency

Gezi Park and Taksim Square can contribute significantly to the distribution of nature within the city.

We propose to reestablish the Maçka - Taksim Urban Forest which will include strategies to connect

fragmented green patches of Prost’s Park Number 2. Additionally, the major streets that connect the

square with other urban nodes and site specific interventions can work together to complete the urban

ecosystem. These hybrid interventions are designed to operate at (local) street/ neighborhood scale

and (larger) city scale to increase urban flood resilience as well.

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Street Scale

The solutions at the street scale can be undertaken as part of a green streets program.

Possible infrastructure interventions can include street trees, permeable pavements,

bioswales,retentions planters and rain gardens at local street scale to help build

resilience. Transformation of Mete Cad. can be a protoype to illustrate how a green

street can be integrated into the existing urban fabric.

Neighborhood Scale

Many cities facing similar challenges like Istanbul, have transformed existing open/

vacant spaces such as city parks, playgrounds and post-industrial zones into

permeable landscapes using green interventions. Most neighborhood scale examples

use medium to large open spaces (parks/rooftops) to absorb and/or store excess

stormwater. A newly created green stream can effectively channel rainwater to the

Bosphorus during a cloudburst to avoid damage in the neighborhood. Integrating these

spaces with networks of smaller blue-green interventions like gardens, urban farms and

green streets across neighborhoods can help create decentralized off-grid systems for

effective urban flood management.

City Scale

Istanbul desperately needs open green spaces. According to Urban Analysis Report by

IPA, the amount of green space per a person is 2,67 m 2 . This is much less than the legal

requirement of minimum 15 m 2 . Green-space interventions at the city scale can deliver

health, social and environmental benefits for all population groups – particularly

among lower socioeconomic status groups. In this regard, reconnecting Gezi Park with

Macka Park would be a step towards reclaiming what was once imagined as a city

scale park. In addition to parks, urban forests play a critical role in Istanbul’s green

network. The big challenge in the years ahead is managing and sustaining the existing

canopy in the face of future pressures from urban development, climate change, and

emerging pests.

* The images used in this page are for illustrative purposes only. They are not representative of any person or particular individual.

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half an hour from Taksim (apx. 2kms)

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TRANSIT

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CIVIC

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Piyalepaşa

EDUCATION

Bilgi

CULTURAL

VKV

TOURISM

Talimhane

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MIXED-USE

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Transformation of Dolapdere & Piyalepaşa

Dolapdere has been a melting pot of different demographics for a long time. With the opening of Bilgi

University campus and repositioning of Arter, the neighborhood is in the midst of a gentrification

process. New museums and galleries enliven the art scene and attract new visitors but at the same

time displace social groups who cannot afford rising property prices. There is an opportunity in this

corridor to create a more equitable transormation process through engagement with local communities

and ensure their livelihood in the area. Integrating the neighborhood with its distinct character will have

a big impact on Taksim’s popular culture and identity.

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70.20

65. 1

Cumhuriyet Street

COMMERCIAL AXIS

CULTURAL AXIS

Taşkışla Street

I.T.U.

Taşkışla Campus

RECREATIONAL FOCAL

RECREATIONAL & CULTURAL FOCAL

PROMENADE

RECREATIONAL FOCAL

Gezi Park

Atatürk Library

Vodafone Park

Tarlabaşı Boulevard

COMMERCIAL AXIS

French

Cultural

Center

Maksem

URBAN FOCAL

TAKSIM

SQURE

Mete Street

CULTURAL AXIS

AKM

Inönü Street

I.T.U.

Gümüşsuyu Campus

Istiklal Street

COMMERCIAL AXIS

WATERFRONT RECREATIONAL

Sıraselviler Street

Urban Axes and Focal Points

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Spatial Approach

Commercial

Tourism

Maçka

Cultural

Library

Mecidiyeköy

Commercial

Tourism

PARK

PARK

PARK

Commercial

Mete Cad.

Haliç

Square

Cultural

AKM

Civic

Mosque & Maksem

Commercial

Tourism

İstiklal Cad.

Commercial

‘Büfe’s

Karaköy

Beşiktaş

Removing barriers

Urban Edges

Kabataş

Fast Circulation

In its current conditions, Taksim is composed of

segregated spatial areas and undefined voids which

hinder a holistic urban experience. Our proposal seeks

opportunities to remove the various walls and barriers

and to create a traversable place central to the city.

In order to define the character of different sections,

surrounding urban edges are identified. In certain areas,

the relationship is redefined through interventions to

vehicular traffic and adjacent entities are included to

build a strong and vibrant social and economic space.

Taksim has a very crucial role in the pedestrian network

of the city. The main circulation routes are simplified to

frame and guide locating different spatial nodes.

PARK

PARK

Promenade Mete

Iconic Void

Square

Recognizing the Void

We recognize that rituals of political discontent are

traditionally celebrated on Taksim Square. The proposal

embraces the right to protest by respecting the void while

making it amenable to other uses at the same time.

Renaturalization

The nature is brought in from the park and it is used to

blur the border between Mete Caddesi, the promenade

and the square. Lawns, water elements, meadows,

grasses, flowers and a tree canopy allow nature back

into the core of the city and to develop a rich urban

ecosystem.

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Integration

Our spatial strategy aims to interweave different activities

and spaces that are defined at critical intersections and

gaps. Each one of these spaces are carefully identified in

relation to its proximity to the existing context and its role

in the square as a whole.


Bridge

Botanical

Lab

Seating

Kids

Play

Subway

Dog

Park

Library

Garden

Admin

Office

Food

Market

Café

Art

Installation

Seating

Gezi

Fountain

Moveable

Seating

Gezi

Amphitheatre

Seating

AKM

Plaza

Performance

Info

Games

Seating

Platform

Canopies

Café

Stage

Restroom

Play

Edge

Seating

Picnic

East

Lawn

Ping-Pong

Outdoor

Seatin

Gateway

Lawn

Mete

Cad.

Transit

Read

Pavilion

Elevated Walk

Green

Commons

Gezi

Terrace

Transit

Café

Seating

Exhibition

Space

Transit

Tarlabaşı

Plaza

Edge

Seating

Seating

Seating

Square

Water

Plaza

Edge

Seating

Fountain

Monument

Transit

Meadow

Maksem

Plaza

Edge

Seating

Tram

Stop

Revitalized Taksim Square

Taksim Square will derive its energy from the everyday

amenities and activities, and the people that utilize the

public space on a regular basis. The new configuration

defines a rich palette of spatial nodes that are

characterized by our design ambitions.

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TAKSIM

Our networked approach is a holistic

system composed of multiple spatial

and programmatic nodes, linked either

physically or digitally.

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Promenade

Cumhuriyet Caddesi is reimagined as a promenade where people can rest, meet, eat, or even work in the comfort of a well equipped public space. The promenade-plaza is perceived

as an extension to the existing park in its orthogonal language that then meets and merges with a new dynamic language across the square.The promenade consists of programmed,

porous, landscaped “green rooms” along the movement corridor. These flexible spaces allow for a myriad of activities to take place while providing a place to sit back near nature

and enjoy the views of people passing by.The vegetation and planting scheme structures the layout, all the while highlighting the cohesiveness of the design, as well as the project’s

goals of sustainability and resilience. Around the central area sits a new landmark, a social space that at once serves day-to-day activity as well as large events, all the while providing

shade and vision towards the active promenade. The landmark hosts an amphitheater, a stage, a lawn patch, shade trees, as well as a ‘canopy’, it is water collection towers that

provide shade while being connected to an underground tank. Underneath this structure are bathrooms, public amenities, storage facilities, and access to tank maintenance. With

reinforced connections to the surrounding streets, the promenade will continue serving as a link while creating a new sense of place.

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65. 1

Economic Sustenance

The commercial units, kiosks, and FNB facilities across

the promenade are rented out to local and nonlocal

businesses on an annual basis. This provides an

opportunity for generating money to be used for the

general maintenance of the park at large. In addition,

Water tank under the main amphitheater for rainwater

collection cuts down on water losses for irrigation.

Bioswales, porous surfaces, and green infrastructure

deployed across the site cut down on post-storm

maintenance expenses. All plant material selected is

native/adapted, low-maintenance and drought

tolerant (see Landscape Guidelines). All paving is heavy

duty and easily recovered. These strategies reduce cost

and ensure a long term sustenance.

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65. 1

1

2

Movement Corridor

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1 Canopy

As a landmark structure in Taksim Square, the canopy is more than just an iconic shade structure, it is also a rainwater collection tower. Its light and minimal structure will announce

the presence of Gezi Park to anyone that passes by the square. Falling climbers decorate the edges and add further character, greenery, and a cooling effect to the space.

2 Movement Corridor

The movement corridor provides a direct and continuous link from the square to the Harbiye axis. This generous corridor is transformed into a more pedestrian and

cyclist-friendly environment while reinforcing the relationship with the businesses at the ground level.

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Kiosk Design

We are proposing a moduler system for the kiosk arrangments. There will be three main sets of modules . Type A is closed

units, where sanitary and storage functions are supported. Type B is semi-closed unit, covered by transparent cladding. It

is has an interior space also could be used during cold weather. Type C is a service unit with an infrastructure for various

options.

MODULE SET A

COVERED VERSIONS

360 cm

320 cm

MODULE SET C

MODULE SET B

PV PANELS

FOLDED AREA

CLADDINGS

SERVICE AREA

PUBLIC WC

TABLE TOP

ENTRANCE

FOLDED SYSTEM

INFO SCREEN

240 cm

TYPE A- 2

240 cm

320 cm

360 cm

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480 cm

150 cm

320 cm

210 cm

210 cm

360 cm

360 cm

TYPE B- 2

320 cm

480 cm

TYPE C- 2

480 cm

360 cm

360 cm

100 cm 110 cm

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Green Commons

Green Commons provides a large oasis of green open lawn space for the common use of Taksim’s visitors. With its informal amphitheater, the plaza is designed to be a multifunctional

activity space that offers people to gather and start conversations under the trees, surrounded by soft landscaping. Simultaneously,it serves a commercial and cultural

program underneath it. Varying flowering cycles of the tree species provide different atmospheres throughout the year, with an iconic yellow foliage in the fall. Additionally, the plaza

aims to reduce stormwater run-off as well as reduces the heat island effect.

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65. 1

Sloped Lawn

The sloped lawn offers unique perspectives of the

square while creating a sheltered area for flower sellers.

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65. 1

1

3

2

1 A view from the elevated walkway

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2 Maksem Building

3 Tarlabaşı Plaza

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The Square

The east corner of the square is home to the Water Plaza which features an interactive fountain. The fountain creates attractivity and coziness at times when no major events are

taking place. As night falls, the plaza’s appearance undergoes a theatrical transformation through a series of lighting strategies.

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65. 1


65. 1

2

3

1

1 Approach from Gümüşsuyu

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2 The Demonstration

3 Metro Entry

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Gezi Park

A monumental landscape of its own, the core identity of the Gezi Park and its formal garden layout is fully preserved and all its trees remain in place. The intervention strategically

addresses the surface treatment, upgrading hardscape to complement the promenade and square, and delineating ground cover between shrubs and lawn to serve programs

without jeopardizing the existing orthogonal compositions. A dog park, a kids’ play area, and small plazas are integrated under the existing canopies in the upper west part of the

park. East and West alleys are accentuated with greenery under existing trees. A gateway lawn spreads under the canopy along the eastern edge of the park. Central axis, stairs, and

existing circulation is maintained. Connections to the north part, to the promenade, to the square, and the neighborhood are amplified. Gezi Park’s elevated position provides an

opportunity for new viewpoints and experiences of Taksim Square and the city.

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65. 1


7 Actions for a

better Gezi Park

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7

6

6

1

6

3

2

7

1

3

6

4

6

7

1

1 Strengthen connections and

edge conditions

The limitations of existing side edges, level

differences,walls, and abrupt disconnections are

transformed into design opportunities. Amphitheater

spaces, vegetated ramps, animated stairways, mounds

and landforms are strategically integrated to strengthen

physical, visual, and ecological connections.Example:the

iconic Gezi Stairs is preserved but gently integrated in a

landscaped corner on one end, blending in the holistic

renaturalization vision for Gezi Park.

2 Expand the role of community

members

A multi-purpose glass pavilion sits in Gezi Park as a space

of social and cultural interaction, it houses volunteer

programs pertaining to social work, environmental

advocacy, climate resilience, dialogue and conflict

resolution among others. The space is flexible to

accommodate for rotational workshops, assemblies,

and exhibitions all the while maintaining a transparent

relationship with the landscape.

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3 Gradually introduce biodiversity to the territory,

ultimately creating an uncommon and resilient landscape

4 Retrofit the park sites with green infrastructure

Green infrastructure takes several forms in the project and in response to the critical

water conditions in Istanbul at large. Planted bioswales collect surface water runoff

and stormwater across the square. Pervious surfaces, such as soil, lawn, and gravel,

are maximized to allow optimal water infiltration into the underground table. Broadleaf

canopy is increased to retain rainwater as well.

5 Engage with kids & youth through programming

The citizen science program engages the younger generation on site in educational and

social activities. Food forests are permaculture gardens consisting of a diversity of edible

perennials. Deploying urban agriculture in the context of an urban forest is strategically

situated as a community space, a learning opportunity, a productive landscape, at once

an ecological one. The food forest further activates the north east section of Gezi Park

and is in proximity to kids’ play space and ecolab, intentionally to engage the younger

groups.

6 Enhance day-to-day park experience

Program events but also think beyond. Focus on everyday moments for people of all

backgrounds to live their lives in the park, together, weekend/weekday/holiday/ all

seasons

7 Ensure universal accessibilty

Disabled-compliant ramps, stairs, tactile pavement, and elevators are provided as per

Istanbul standards to maintain an easy and safe access to and circulation within the Gezi

Park, essential for a successful and inclusive activation.

Tactile map

Tactile pavement

Wheelchair eligibility

Disabled elevator

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Tactile map

Tactile pavement

Wheelchair eligibility

Disabled elevator


65. 1

Activation

Different parts of the park is revived through soft-programming, seating elements, games

(ping-pong, backgammon etc.) and mobile elements (library on wheels). Pop-up social

and art events set up around critical locations like the fountain will animate the space.

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65. 1

Gezi Amphitheater

Imagined as an important node, the Gezi Forum creates a physical extension to the

library and cultural nodes. We propose a plaza that follows the same language as

the square while integrating Gezi Park and the context in an amphitheater-like setup.

This corner initiates a conversation, is a platform for dialogue, contains the level

differences, serves as a continuous open social space, while also connecting the the

urban forest trail.

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REINTRODUCE NATURE

The ecological connections,

fundamental to the resilience of

the city, can be achieved through

strategic multi-scale landscape

interventions, of social, cultural

and environmental value..

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Beyond Taksim:

A Botanical Urban Forest

As part of the Urban Green Network, the Urban Forest Trail weaves

together existing and proposed focal nodes within and beyond Taksim

Square. The trail connects the series of parks (ex. Gezi Park, Maçka

Park, & Ismet Inonu Park), public spaces, landmarks (Dolmabahce Palace

Garden) and potentially semi-public spaces (ex. Hilton Hotel garden), in

a rich pedestrian and cycling experience. The trail is guided by iconic

and modular visual elements & supported via a virtual platform that also

allows a botanical educational experience. Along the trail are viewpoints

and stops, and temporary pop-up events in collaboration with cultural

institutions in the neighborhood (ex. ITU Faculty of Architecture).

Urban trail

Trail through hotel gardens

Links | Pedestrian bridges

Sculptural park

Viewing platforms

Nodes | Moments

Densified urban forest

Existing cable car line

Existing plaza & theater

Densified urban forest

Urban forest planting to enhance ecological performance

of the landscape & replace voids

The Botanical Experience

Allows the scanning & identification of species along all

of the taksim urban forest .

Nodes & Links

Modular hybrid landmarks that function as seating

spaces, for social & group educational program. A

bridge/ a viewing deck for cycling, walking, & viewing

through the existing forest canopy.

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Integrating Park and Square

Our vision for Taksim square and entourage will change

the understanding and emotional response to the square

through the creation of a new type of space, that of an

‘experience with nature’. The latter is manifested through

the injection of a palette of landscape elements including

earthy material, permeable surfaces, living material, color,

texture, and diversity. Hills, slopes, masses of greenery,

trees canopies, benches, walkways, stages, and lawn

areas to name a few experiences.

Park- Square Inter-phase

The layout is born out of the orthogonal geometry of the

Gezi Park and smoothly intercepts with the programmed

organic gestures and forms anchor that anchor the overall

space. Altogether, the design is grounded through the

orthogonal paving pattern, consistent across the site.

The composition with landscape elements such as trees,

planted berms, masses of grasses and shrubs create a

system of alleys and plazas, of various scales, hierarchies,

and flexible functions.

Vegetation as Design Agent

Trees and vegetation is a key design agent. Trees are

deployed to define spaces and places of different

quality and micro-climate. Trees in a linear configuration

define walkways and alleys. Trees in a grid layout define

plazas underneath them. Each configuration is visually

remarkably different. The alleys and walkways, of various

hierarchies, are accentuated via the trees. They intersect

to form plazas and places of varying hierarchies, sizes,

and programs.

Landscape Guidelines for

Species Selections

Tree and plant selection respects the projects ambition

for a sustainable and resilient Taksim and follows the

criteria below:

Adapted/Native species: require minimal irrigation &

maintenance; have historic & cultural value

Wide canopy: provide shade, micro-climate, retain rain

water, & enhance underground stormwater infiltration

Visual interest: mixing deciduous and evergreen trees for

seasonal variety, color bearing species for visual identity,

& way-finding

Improve biodiversity: inject pollinator- attracting species,

maximize porous surfaces, & enhance urban ecology (ex.

bird habitat)

Paving as Design Guideline

An integral component in the design and articulation of

spaces, those of movement and those of program, the

paving approach ensures creating a holistic language

across the site, all the while defining a visual identity, as

well as a specificity to each space. Hardscape color and

finish palette is consistent across the square, plazas,

park and shared streets maintaining a robust visual

scenography. Yet, the distribution of color (shades of

grey) is determined by a set of parameters, namely

spread, density, and porosity. Darker patches define

gateways or areas of heavy pedestrian traffic and

gradually fade into lighter tones. Permeable pavers in the

form of lawn pavers animate the spaces and increase

porosity of the ground. These pavers are existing Taksim

granite pavers, re-used. The Gezi Park follows the same

palette, but with less parameters, remaining respectful to

the formality and orthogonal organization of the park.

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Landscape Typologies &

Guidelines

Six landscape typologies structure the design. Each relates to a broader

scale of landscape systems with a specific plant community and

intended function, aesthetic value, and spatial quality. While distinct,

the six typologies together complement each other, support the

re-naturalization ambition, and further enhance the overall performance

of the site, ecologically, socially, hydrologically, and economically.

Typology 1 | Hill as curated landscape

The project uses landscape as a means to weave forms and functions

while seamlessly absorbing the 4m level difference between the Gezi

Park and Taksim Square. There is a strategic renaturalization opportunity

in that edge condition that technically blurs the edge and provides a

novel experience: a hill. It is a curated wilderness, of perennials, grasses

and flowering shrubs, along with forest trees, intended to create a haven

of its own, with punctual trees and intimate bench seating amidst the

grasses.

Yelkouan Shearwater /

Mediterranean shearwater

Phalacrocorax aristotelis /

European shag

Phalacrocorax carbo /

great cormorant

Ardea alba /

great egret

Typology 2 | Green Berms

Yelkouan Shearwater /

Mediterranean shearwater

Along the promenade, green berms animate the walkway and allow for

planting despite the infrastructural Phalacrocorax conditions aristotelis underneath. / Berms are

used as a modular intervention European across shag the site whenever there is a need

to plant on-structure. Berms re-use site material (rubble from demolition

Phalacrocorax carbo /

works) and allow for homogeneous dense planting as well as ample soil

great cormorant

depth for tree planting. Fixed benches are integrated in the berm and the

achieved canopy accommodates Ardea alba for shaded / plazas and flexible outdoor

seating. This typology optimizes great re-naturalization egret

in spaces that could be

technically challenging.

Ardea cinerea /

grey heron

Ardea purpurea /

purple heron

Ciconia ciconia /

white stork

Ciconia nigra /

black stork

Pelecanus onocrotalus /

great white pelican

Ciconia nigra /

black stork

Robinea pseudoacaccia / black locust

Acer pseudoplatanus Pelecanus onocrotalus / sycamore maple /

great white pelican grassy perennials

Prunus cerasifera nigra / cherry plum

Celtis australis / hackberry

Liquidamber styraciflua / sweet gum

Platanus x acerifolia / london plane

fescue bentgrass blend

Liquidamber styraciflua / sweet gum

Platanus x acerifolia / london agricultural plane soil

Populus alba / white poplar

Fraxinus excelsior / european ash

Tilia tomentosa / silver linden

Ardea cinerea /

grey heron

Ardea purpurea /

purple heron

Ciconia ciconia Delonix / regia / flame tree

Prunus white laurocerasus stork / cherry laurel

Laurus nobilis / bay laurel

Rhamnus alaternus / Italian buckthorn

Carex sp / sedges

Gaura lindheimeri / beeblossom

Muhlenbergia capillaris / mulhy grass

Pennsisetum setacum / foxtail grass

Pennsisetum rubrum / red foxtail

Stipa tenuissima / feathergrass

Thymbra spicata / Mediterranean thyme

crushed gravel- fine aggregate

low-mow fescues / bentgrass blends

eco grass blends

(mix of rugged and fine fescue)

Prunus laurocerasus / cherry laurel

Laurus nobilis / bay laurel

Rhamnus alaternus / Italian buckthorn

concrete pavers

concrete pavers w/lawn

Celtis australis / hackberry

agricultural soil

interesting foliage / seaonal change fruit-bearing / edible attracts pollinators

enhances biodiversity

Achillea millefolium / common yarrow

concrete pavers

N nitrogen - fixer

showy flower Rhus coriaria/ sumac tree

Baccharis

Olea europea

pilularis

/ olive

/

tree

coyote brush

attracts crushed butterflies gravel- fine aggregate threatened species

low maintenance

Tilia tomentosa / silver linden

N

Pistacia lentiscus / mastic tree

Thymbra spicata / mediterranean Cytisus scoparius thyme / scotch broom

eco grass blends

Celtis australis / hackberry

grassy perennials 54

Trifolium sp / clover

Euonymus europaeus / spindle shrub

Quercus ilex / oak

evergreen understory

crushed gravel- fine aggregate

agricultural soil

Delonix regia / flame tree

Prunus laurocerasus / cherry laurel

eco Laurus grass nobilis blends / bay laurel

Rhamnus alaternus / Italian buckthorn

Robinea pseudoacaccia / black locust

Acer pseudoplatanus / sycamore maple

grassy perennials

Prunus cerasifera nigra / cherry plum

Celtis australis / hackberry

Liquidamber styraciflua / sweet gum

Platanus x acerifolia / london plane

fescue bentgrass blend

N

Liquidamber styraciflua / sweet gum

Platanus x acerifolia / london plane

Populus alba / white poplar

Fraxinus excelsior / european ash

Carex sp / sedges

Gaura lindheimeri / beeblossom

Muhlenbergia capillaris / mulhy grass

Pennsisetum setacum / foxtail grass

Pennsisetum rubrum / red foxtail

Stipa tenuissima / feathergrass

Thymbra spicata / Mediterranean thyme

crushed gravel- fine aggregate

agricultural soil

low-mow fescues / bentgrass blends

(mix of rugged and fine fescue)

Prunus laurocerasus / cherry laurel

Laurus nobilis / bay laurel

Rhamnus alaternus / Italian buckthorn

concrete pavers

concrete pavers w/lawn

agricultural soil

Achillea millefolium / common yarrow

Baccharis pilularis / coyote brush

Cytisus scoparius / scotch broom

Euonymus europaeus / spindle shrub

Lavendula angustifolia / lavender

Rosemarinus officinalis / rosemary

Salvia sp / sage

Senecio trapezuntinus

Styrax officinalis / storax tree

Carex sp / sedges

Gaura lindheimeri / beeblossom

Muhlenbergia capillaris / mulhy grass

Pennsisetum setacum / foxtail grass

Pennsisetum rubrum / red foxtail

Stipa tenuissima / feathergrass

Thymbra spicata / Mediterranean thyme

shade tolerant

drought tolerant

crushed grav

agricultural s

concrete pav

crushed grav

eco grass ble

re-used grani

h 10cm w 10c

dark grey -mid

compacted e


Typology 3 | Lawn

This typology uses mixes of low-maintenance, no-mow fescue grasses

as ground treatment intended to provide ample room for Yelkouan flexible Shearwater social /

programming, openness and void, as Yelkouan well as Shearwater increasing / Mediterranean the porous shearwater

surface cover in the park. The lawn features Mediterranean hammocks, shearwater Phalacrocorax removable aristotelis /

furniture, playful mounds and furniture Phalacrocorax elements aristotelis magically European / shaded shag by

existing mature Yelkouan tree Shearwater canopies. / European shag

Phalacrocorax carbo /

Mediterranean shearwater

Phalacrocorax carbo / great cormorant

great cormorant

Phalacrocorax aristotelis /

European shag

Phalacrocorax carbo /

great cormorant

winter

Ardea alba /

great egret

Ardea cinerea /

grey heron

Ardea purpurea /

purple heron

Ciconia ciconia /

white stork

Ciconia nigra /

black stork

Ardea alba /

great egret

spring

Ardea cinerea /

grey heron

Ardea purpurea /

purple heron

Ciconia ciconia /

white stork

Ardea alba /

great egret

Ardea cinerea /

grey heron

Ardea purpurea /

purple heron

Ciconia ciconia /

white stork

summer

Ciconia nigra /

Ciconia nigra / black stork

black stork

Pelecanus onocrotalus /

Pelecanus onocrotalus great / white pelican

Delonix regia / flame tree

great white pelican Prunus laurocerasus / cherry laurel

Laurus nobilis / bay laurel

Rhamnus alaternus / Italian buckthorn

Pelecanus onocrotalus /

Carex sp / sedges

great white pelican

Carex sp / sedges Gaura lindheimeri / beeblossom

Gaura Robinea lindheimeri pseudoacaccia / beeblossom

Muhlenbergia / black locust capillaris / mulhy grass

Acer pseudoplatanus / sycamore maple

Muhlenbergia capillaris Pennsisetum / mulhy grassy setacum perennials / foxtail grass

Pennsisetum setacum Pennsisetum / foxtail grass rubrum / red foxtail

Carex sp / sedges

Gaura lindheimeri Yelkouan / beeblossom

Shearwater Pennsisetum / rubrum Stipa / red tenuissima foxtail / feathergrass

Muhlenbergia Mediterranean capillaris / mulhy shearwater Stipa tenuissima / feathergrass

Thymbra spicata / Mediterranean thyme

grass

Prunus cerasifera nigra / cherry plum

Pennsisetum

Thymbra spicata / Mediterranean thyme

Phalacrocorax setacum / foxtail aristotelis Celtis grass australis / / hackberry crushed gravel- fine aggregate

Liquidamber styraciflua / sweet gum

Pennsisetum European rubrum shag / red crushed foxtail Platanus gravel- x acerifolia fine agricultural aggregate

/ london plane soil

fescue bentgrass blend

Stipa tenuissima / feathergrass agricultural soil

Thymbra spicata Phalacrocorax / Mediterranean carbo / thyme low-mow fescues / bentgrass blends

crushed gravel- fine aggregate

great cormorant

crushed gravel- fine aggregate low-mow fescues / bentgrass eco blends

crushed gravel- fine agricultural aggregate soil

agricultural soil Ardea alba / eco grass blends (mix of rugged and fine fescue) agricultural soil

great egret (mix of rugged and fine fescue)

Liquidamber styraciflua / sweet gum

low-mow fescues / bentgrass Platanus blends

crushed gravel- fine aggregate

Ardea cinerea / x acerifolia / london Prunus plane laurocerasus / cherry laurel

eco grass blends

Populus alba / white poplar

Quercus ilex / oak grey heron Prunus laurocerasus Laurus / cherry agricultural nobilis laurel/ soil bay laurel

Typology (mix 4 of | rugged Urban Fraxinus Forest excelsior as / european Woodland

ash

evergreen understory Ardea

and

purpurea

fine fescue) Laurus / nobilis / bay laurel Rhamnus alaternus / Italian buckthorn

purple heron Rhamnus alaternus / Italian buckthorn

The existing trees of Gezi Park are accentuated by being concrete transformed pavers

Prunus laurocerasus Ciconia ciconia / cherry /

into a woodland by adding a layer of concrete laurel

groundcover paversand a concrete layer of pavers shrubs. w/lawn

Laurus nobilis white / bay stork laurel

Altogether this creates a climax ecosystem

concrete

that

pavers

enhances

w/lawn agricultural soil

biodiversity,

Rhamnus alaternus / Italian agricultural buckthorn soil

functions as a habitat, retains stormwater, amplifies the naturalization

Ciconia nigra /

agenda, and concrete also contributes pavers

black stork to the Botanical Forest program.

concrete pavers w/lawn

Achillea millefolium / common yarrow

concrete pavers

agricultural Pelecanus soil onocrotalus /

Achillea millefolium Baccharis / common pilularis yarrow / coyote brush concrete pavers crushed gravel- fine aggregate

great white pelican

Tilia Baccharis tomentosa N / silver pilularis linden / coyote Cytisus brush scoparius / scotch broom crushed gravel- fine eco aggregate grass blends

Yelkouan Celtis australis / hackberry

grassy Shearwater perennials N / Cytisus scoparius / scotch Euonymus broomeuropaeus / spindle eco shrub grass blends

Mediterranean shearwater

Achillea millefolium / common

Euonymus

yarrow

europaeus Lavendula / concrete spindle angustifolia shrub pavers

/ lavender

Phalacrocorax aristotelis

winter

Carex /

spring

sp / sedges

Baccharis pilularis / coyote brush

Lavendula angustifolia Rosemarinus

summer

crushed / lavender gravelofficinalis

fall

fine aggregate

/ rosemary

N

European shag Gaura lindheimeri

Cytisus scoparius / scotch broom

Rosemarinus / beeblossom officinalis Salvia

eco / rosemary sp

grass

/ sage

blends

Muhlenbergia

Euonymus europaeus / spindle

Salvia capillaris

shrub

sp / sage / mulhy grass Senecio

Rhus coriaria/ Delonix

trapezuntinus

sumac regia tree/ flame tree

Phalacrocorax carbo Pennsisetum /

Senecio setacum trapezuntinus

Prunus / foxtail laurocerasus grass Styrax Olea / europea cherry officinalis laurel / olive tree storax tree

great Lavendula cormorant angustifolia / lavender

Laurus nobilis / bay Pistacia laurel

Pennsisetum lentiscus / mastic tree

Styrax rubrum Thymbra officinalis / spicata red Rhamnus foxtail // mediterranean storax alaternus tree/ thyme Italian buckthorn

Rosemarinus officinalis / rosemary

Trifolium sp / clover

Ardea Salvia alba sp / Stipa tenuissima / feathergrass

/ sage

great Senecio egret Thymbra spicata / Mediterranean thyme

trapezuntinus

Carex sp / sedges

re-used granite pavers

Styrax officinalis crushed / storax gravel- tree Carex fine Robinea

sp aggregate pseudoacaccia

/ sedges Gaura

/ black

lindheimeri

locust

Ardea cinerea /

/ beeblossom

Acer pseudoplatanus / sycamore maple

re-used granite pavers h 10cm w 10cm l 20cm

Gaura lindheimeri / beeblossom

Muhlenbergia grassy capillaris perennials

grey heron agricultural soil

/ mulhy h 10cm grassw 10cm l 20cmdark grey -mid grey- light grey

Ardea purpurea /

Muhlenbergia capillaris Pennsisetum / mulhy grass setacum / foxtail dark grass grey -mid grey- light compacted grey earth

purple Carex heron low-mow fescues

sp / sedges

Pennsisetum / bentgrass setacum blends Pennsisetum / foxtail grass rubrum crushed / red gravel- foxtail

re-used granite pavers

compacted fine aggregate earth

eco grass blends

Gaura lindheimeri / beeblossom

Pennsisetum rubrum Stipa / red tenuissima foxtail / feathergrass

h 10cm w 10cm

agricultural

l 20cm

soil

Ciconia ciconia /

Prunus cerasifera nigra / cherry plum

(mix of rugged

Muhlenbergia capillaris / mulhy

Stipa and Celtis

grass

tenuissima fine australis fescue)

feathergrass

Thymbra spicata / Mediterranean thyme

white stork

/ hackberry

Liquidamber styraciflua / sweet gum dark grey -mid grey- light grey

Pennsisetum setacum / foxtail

Thymbra

grassPlatanus spicata x acerifolia / Mediterranean thyme

compacted

/ london plane

fescue bentgrass blend

earth

Ciconia Pennsisetum nigra / rubrum Prunus / laurocerasus red foxtail / cherry laurel

black Stipa stork tenuissima Laurus / feathergrass nobilis / bay laurel

Thymbra spicata / Mediterranean thyme N

Lupinus sp / lupine

agricultural soil

Pelecanus onocrotalus

Rhamnus

/

alaternus / Italian buckthorn

N

Lupinus sp / lupine Olea europea / olive tree

great white pelican

agricultural soil crushed gravelconcrete

pavers

Olea europea / olive Pistacia tree lentiscus / mastic tree crushed gravel- fine aggregate

concrete Liquidamber pavers

Pistacia styraciflua w/lawn

lentiscus / sweet gum / mastic Rhus coriaria tree / suman tree

Platanus x acerifolia / london plane

fine aggregate

agricultural soil

Rhus coriaria / suman tree

N

Lupinus sp / lupine

N

Populus Rubus alba / fruticosus white poplar / wild berry

Carex

Quercus

sp

ilex

/ sedges

oak

agricultural soil

Olea europea N Fraxinus excelsior

/ olive tree

Rubus / fruticosus european ash/ wild Thymbra berry spicata / Mediterranean thyme

evergreen understory

Gaura lindheimeri / beeblossom

crushed gravel-

Pistacia lentiscus / mastic tree

Thymbra N spicata / Mediterranean Trifolium sp / thyme clover

Muhlenbergia fine aggregate

Rhus coriaria

N capillaris / mulhy

/ Achillea suman tree millefolium

Trifolium grass

/ common

sp / clover

yarrow

concrete pavers

Pennsisetum setacum / foxtail grass

N

Rubus fruticosus Baccharis / wild berry pilularis / coyote brush

crushed gravel- fine aggregate

Pennsisetum rubrum / red foxtail

NThymbra spicata Cytisus Mediterranean scoparius / thyme scotch broom

eco grass blends

Stipa tenuissima / feathergrass

N

Trifolium sp / clover Euonymus europaeus / spindle shrub

Thymbra spicata / Mediterranean thyme

Lavendula angustifolia / lavender

crushed gravel- Rosemarinus fine aggregate officinalis / rosemary

agricultural soil Salvia sp / sage

Senecio trapezuntinus

Tilia tomentosa / silver linden

low-mow fescues Celtis australis / hackberry

grassy perennials Styrax / bentgrass officinalis blends / storax tree crushed gravel- fine aggregate

eco grass blends

agricultural soil

(mix of rugged and fine fescue)

Carex sp / sedges

Prunus laurocerasus Gaura / lindheimeri cherry laurel / beeblossom

Rhus coriaria/ sumac tree

Olea europea / olive tree

fall

re-used granite pavers

55

h 10cm w 10cm l 20cm


Yelkouan Shearwater /

Mediterranean shearwater

Phalacrocorax aristotelis /

European shag

Phalacrocorax carbo /

great cormorant

Ardea alba /

great egret

Ardea cinerea /

grey heron

Ardea purpurea /

purple heron

Ciconia ciconia /

white stork

Typology 5 | great Meadow white pelican as Grassland

This typology revisits the grassland landscapes of Istanbul while

functioning as a semi-transparent buffer with the street. It is intended

Carex sp / sedges

to create seasonal beauty and poetic movement of the grasses and

perennials with the wind.

Gaura

Planted

lindheimeri

in masses and

/ beeblossom

in ground, these also

function as bioswales or Muhlenbergia green infrastructure. capillaris / mulhy grass

Delonix regia / flame tree

Pennsisetum setacum Prunus / foxtail laurocerasus grass / cherry laurel

Laurus nobilis / bay laurel

Rhamnus alaternus / Italian buckthorn

Quercus ilex / oak

ergreen understory

N

grassy perennials

N

N

N

Ciconia nigra /

black stork

Pelecanus onocrotalus /

Pennsisetum rubrum / red foxtail

Stipa tenuissima / feathergrass

Thymbra spicata / Mediterranean thyme

crushed gravel- fine aggregate

agricultural soil

Robinea pseudoacaccia / black locust

Acer pseudoplatanus / sycamore maple

grassy perennials

low-mow fescues / bentgrass blends

winter eco spring grass blends

(mix of rugged and fine fescue)

Prunus cerasifera nigra / cherry plum

Celtis australis / hackberry

Liquidamber styraciflua / sweet gum

Platanus x acerifolia / london plane

fescue bentgrass blend

Prunus laurocerasus / cherry laurel

Laurus nobilis / bay laurel

Rhamnus alaternus / Italian buckthorn

Yelkouan Yelkouan Shearwater Shearwater / /

Mediterranean Mediterranean shearwater shearwater

Phalacrocorax Phalacrocorax aristotelis aristotelis / /

European European shag shag

Liquidamber styraciflua / sweet gum

Platanus x acerifolia / london plane

Phalacrocorax Phalacrocorax Populus carbo alba / / carbo white poplar /

great cormorant great cormorant

Fraxinus excelsior / european ash

concrete pavers

concrete pavers w/lawn

agricultural soil

Ardea alba Ardea / alba /

Achillea millefolium great egret / common great egret yarrow

Baccharis pilularis / coyote brush

Cytisus scoparius / scotch broom

Euonymus europaeus / spindle shrub

Lavendula angustifolia / lavender

Rosemarinus officinalis / rosemary

Salvia sp / sage

Senecio trapezuntinus

Styrax officinalis / storax tree

Ardea cinerea Ardea / cinerea /

grey herongrey heron

Ardea purpurea Ardea purpurea / /

purple heron purple heron

Ciconia ciconia Ciconia / ciconia /

white stork white stork

Tilia tomentosa / silver linden

Celtis australis / hackberry

Ciconia nigra Ciconia / nigra /

black stork black stork

crushed gravel- fine aggregate

agricultural summer soil fall

concrete pavers

crushed gravel- fine aggregate

eco grass blends

Pelecanus Pelecanus onocrotalus onocrotalus / /

re-used granite pavers

great white great pelican white pelican

Rhus coriaria/ sumac tree

h 10cm w 10cm l 20cm

Olea europea / olive tree

Pistacia lentiscus / mastic tree

Thymbra spicata / mediterranean thyme compacted earth

Trifolium sp / clover

Carex sp / sedges

Gaura lindheimeri / beeblossom

Muhlenbergia capillaris / mulhy grass

dark grey -mid grey- light grey

Pennsisetum setacum / foxtail grass

Pennsisetum rubrum Carex / red sp Carex / foxtail sedges sp / sedges

Stipa tenuissima / Gaura feathergrass lindheimeri Gaura lindheimeri / beeblossom / beeblossom

Thymbra spicata Muhlenbergia / Mediterranean Muhlenbergia capillaris thyme capillaris / mulhy grass / mulhy grass

Pennsisetum Pennsisetum setacum setacum / foxtail grass / foxtail grass

Pennsisetum Pennsisetum rubrum / rubrum red foxtail / red foxtail

Stipa tenuissima Stipa tenuissima / feathergrass / feathergrass

Lupinus sp / lupine

Thymbra Thymbra spicata / spicata Mediterranean / Mediterranean thyme thyme

agricultural soil

Olea europea / olive crushed tree crushed gravel- fine gravel- aggregate fine aggregate crushed gravel-

Pistacia lentiscus agricultural / mastic agricultural tree soil soil

fine aggregate

Rhus coriaria / suman tree

Rubus fruticosus low-mow / wild berry low-mow fescues / fescues bentgrass / bentgrass blends blends crushed crushed gravel- fine gravel- aggregate fine aggregate

Thymbra spicata eco / Mediterranean grass eco blends grass thyme blends

agricultural agricultural soil soil

Trifolium sp / clover (mix of rugged (mix of and rugged fine and fescue) fine fescue)

interesting foliage / seaonal change

showy flower

Prunus laurocerasus Prunus laurocerasus / cherry / laurel cherry laurel

Laurus nobilis Laurus / nobilis bay laurel / bay laurel

Rhamnus fruit-bearing Rhamnus alaternus / edible alaternus / Italian / buckthorn Italian attracts buckthorn

pollinators

concrete concrete pavers pavers

concrete concrete pavers w/lawn pavers w/lawn

agricultural agricultural soil soil

attracts butterflies

56

enhances biodiversity

threatened species

N

nitrogen - fixer

low maintenance

shade tolerant

drought tolerant


grey heron grey heron

Ardea purpurea Ardea purpurea / /

purple heron purple heron

Ciconia Ciconia ciconia ciconia / /

white stork white stork

Ciconia Ciconia nigra / nigra /

black stork black stork

Pelecanus Pelecanus onocrotalus onocrotalus / /

great white great pelican white pelican

Carex sp Carex / sedges sp / sedges

Gaura Gaura lindheimeri lindheimeri / beeblossom / beeblossom

Muhlenbergia Muhlenbergia capillaris capillaris / mulhy / mulhy grass grass

Pennsisetum Pennsisetum setacum setacum / foxtail / foxtail grass grass

Pennsisetum Pennsisetum rubrum rubrum / red foxtail / red foxtail

Stipa tenuissima Stipa tenuissima / feathergrass / feathergrass

Thymbra Thymbra spicata spicata / Mediterranean / Mediterranean thyme thyme

crushed gravel- fine aggregate

agricultural soil

Delonix regia / flame tree

Prunus crushed laurocerasus gravel- / cherry fine laurel aggregate

agricultural

Laurus nobilis / bay laurel

Rhamnus alaternus soil/ Italian buckthorn

Typology 6 | The Urban Food Forest

ak

Food forest emphasizes the importance of integrating food production

low-mow low-mow fescues fescues / bentgrass / bentgrass blends blends crushed crushed gravel- gravel- fine aggregate fine aggregate

in urban contexts , let alone in a communal sense and within an existing

eco grass eco blends grass blends

agricultural

forest. This typology is that of a productive landscape that is at once agricultural soil soil

Robinea pseudoacaccia / black locust

(mix

inclusive of the community. Acer of Yelkouan Shearwater /

(mix pseudoplatanus rugged

It

of

uses

rugged and

the / fine

existing sycamore and fescue) fine

forest maple fescue)

Mediterranean grassy shearwater

perennials to enhance

agroforestry knowledge, and educates on sustainable techniques such

Phalacrocorax aristotelis /

as permaculture.Therefore

Prunus

the palette consists of fruit trees, productive

Prunus laurocerasus laurocerasus

perennials, herbs, and others.

European / cherry shag / cherry laurel laurel

Laurus Laurus nobilis nobilis / bay laurel / bay laurel

Prunus cerasifera Rhamnus nigra / cherry plum

Celtis australis

Rhamnus alaternus

/ hackberry

alaternus Phalacrocorax / Italian / Italian buckthorn carbo buckthorn /

Liquidamber styraciflua / sweet gum great cormorant

concrete Platanus x acerifolia / london plane

fescue bentgrass blend concrete pavers pavers

concrete concrete pavers pavers w/lawn Ardea alba w/lawn /

agricultural agricultural soil great soilegret

winter spring

summer

Ardea cinerea /

fall

grey heron

Ardea purpurea /

Liquidamber styraciflua

Achillea / sweet Achillea millefolium gum millefolium / common / common yarrow yarrow concrete concrete pavers pavers

Platanus x acerifolia / london plane purple heron

Baccharis Baccharis pilularis

Populus alba pilularis / coyote

/ white / poplar coyote brush brush

crushed crushed gravel- gravel- fine aggregate fine aggregate

N N Cytisus Ciconia ciconia /

Fraxinus excelsior / european

Cytisus scoparius

ash

scoparius / scotch / scotch broom broom

eco grass eco blends grass blends

Euonymus Euonymus europaeus white europaeus stork / spindle / spindle shrub shrub

Lavendula Lavendula angustifolia angustifolia / lavender / lavender

Rosemarinus Rosemarinus officinalis Ciconia officinalis nigra / rosemary / / rosemary

Salvia sp Salvia / sage sp black / sage stork

Senecio Senecio trapezuntinus trapezuntinus

Pelecanus onocrotalus /

Styrax Styrax officinalis officinalis / storax

great white / storax tree

pelicantree

nnials

Carex sp Carex / sedges sp / sedges Carex sp / sedges

re-used re-used granite granite pavers pavers

Gaura lindheimeri / beeblossomh 10cm h w 10cm 10cm w l 10cm 20cml 20cm

Muhlenbergia Muhlenbergia capillaris

Muhlenbergia capillaris / mulhy / mulhy grass

capillaris grass/ mulhy dark grass grey dark -mid grey grey- -mid light grey- grey light grey

Pennsisetum Pennsisetum setacum

Pennsisetum setacum / foxtail / foxtail grass

setacum grass/ foxtail grass compacted compacted earth earth

Pennsisetum Pennsisetum rubrum

Pennsisetum rubrum / red foxtail / red rubrum foxtail / red foxtail

Stipa tenuissima Stipa tenuissima / feathergrass

Stipa / tenuissima feathergrass / feathergrass

Thymbra Thymbra spicata spicata / Mediterranean

Thymbra / Mediterranean spicata

thyme

/ Mediterranean thyme thyme

Tilia tomentosa / silver linden

Gaura Gaura lindheimeri lindheimeri Celtis / beeblossom

australis / beeblossom

/ hackberry

Rhus coriaria/ sumac tree

Olea europea / olive tree

Pistacia lentiscus / mastic tree

Thymbra spicata / mediterranean crushed thymegravel- fine aggregate

Trifolium sp / clover

agricultural soil

N

N

N

N

N

N

Lupinus Lupinus sp / lupine sp / low-mow lupine fescues / bentgrass blends agricultural agricultural soil soil crushed gravel- fine aggregate

Olea europea Olea europea / olive

eco

tree / olive grass tree blends

crushed crushed gravel- gravel- agricultural soil

Pistacia Pistacia lentiscus lentiscus /

(mix

mastic

of / mastic tree

rugged tree and fine fescue) fine aggregate fine aggregate

Rhus coriaria Rhus coriaria / suman / suman tree tree

Rubus Rubus fruticosus fruticosus / wild berry / wild berry

Thymbra Thymbra spicata spicata / Prunus Mediterranean / Mediterranean laurocerasus thyme/ thyme cherry laurel

Trifolium Trifolium sp / clover sp Laurus / clovernobilis / bay laurel

Rhamnus alaternus / Italian buckthorn

concrete pavers

concrete pavers w/lawn

agricultural soil

N

Achillea millefolium / common yarrow

Baccharis pilularis / coyote brush

Cytisus scoparius / scotch broom

Euonymus europaeus / spindle shrub

Lavendula angustifolia / lavender

Rosemarinus officinalis / rosemary

Salvia sp / sage

Senecio trapezuntinus

Styrax officinalis / storax tree

concrete pavers

crushed gravel- fine aggregate

eco grass blends

Carex sp / sedges

57

re-used granite pavers


Landscape as System: Typologies Form One

Holistic System

The tree canopy is an extension of the existing trees in Gezi Park. The park

therefore spills onto the square and promenade, blurring the edge and

connecting both physically and ecologically. In fact, the diversity in the

introduced landscape typologies is key to increase forest cover, attract

biodiversity and transform the park into a habitat for different species,

particularly birds.

Why is this important for Istanbul?

Istanbul is an important bird area and along important bird migration routes.

The new landscape will enhance the movement of winter migratory birds such

as the great cormorant and european shag, will function as stop for summer

birds such as the purple heron and great egret, as well as a habitat for locallybreeding

ones such as the threatened Yelkouan shearwater.

It is also urgent for Istanbul to retrieve the ecosystem services that its forest

cover provides, essential for long-term uran resilience.

Hydrologically, the new landscape optimizes porosity and enhances water

movement.

Why is this important for Istanbul?

Istanbul drinks from the Ömerli Watershed, whose provisioned capacity

has been degrading due to urbanization in its catchment area. Replenishing

water table by capturing most water in ground, managing surface run-off,and

collecting rainwater for reuse are essential to help preserve the water system

of Istanbul at large without compromising on the need for a lush green park.

Pelecanus onocrotalus /

great white pelican

REPLENISHED WATERTABLE

LAWN

OPTIMIZED POROSITY

URBAN WOODLAND

ALLEY

58


Ardea purpurea /

purple heron

Yelkouan Shearwater /

Mediterranean shearwater

TERRACE

Ardea alba /

great egret

ELEVATED

WALKWAY

WATER TANK

AMPHITHEATER

HILL

INTEGRATED WATER/IRRIGATION SYSETM

STAGE

PROMENADE/PLAZA

PARK ON STRUCTURE

59


VIBRANT NIGHTLIFE

Taksim has historically been the

central element of the cultural

life of Istanbul. The lighting

strategy aims to express the

central yet dynamic nature of

the site by creating a lighting

hierarchy using three lighting

layers; ambient, accent, and

feature.

60


61


After Sunset

The site is divided into three main typologies, visual anchors, gathering

points, and the landscaping which becomes the connective thread.

The visual anchors will be expressed as the main focal points within the

site - providing visual clarity, a sense of orientation, and site borders.

These anchors will have higher overall illumination and cooler lighting

color temperature to ensure they are expressed as unique features within

the site. The visual anchors include fountains that are illuminated at each

end, creating a shadow play of water and an arch which is highlighted as

a monument of Istanbul.

Secondly, gathering areas, such as plazas, will be softly illuminated by

functional pole-mounted spotlights to provide general illumination. Any

unique elements will be expressed, such as umbrellas, vendor areas, etc,

to create secondary focal points within the site.

Lastly, the landscape will be illuminated by a combination of tree

uplights, low-level footrails, and pole-mounted spotlights - concealed

within the trees, to provide an intimate experience within the site casting

tree leave shadows textures over the pavers. The landscape lighting layer

becomes the connective thread that unifies the site and creates a sense

of place.

Through a combination of all these lighting layers and techniques, Taksim

is unified and reenergized, as a central element to the city.

Access and Areas Congregation

Main connection

Secondary Connection

62


Visual Anchors

Visual Anchors

63


Layers of Light

AMBIENT

A soft general layer of light defines a ‘zone’ or area

High Level

ACCENT

Concealed sources provide visual clarity and help in way

finding, or create a focus to a particular feature

FEATURE

An interactive or tangible lit effect creates a focal point or

immersive experience

Mid Level

Low Level

TOPOGRAPHY

Fixture Scale

High Level | Ambient Light

Main connection

Secondary Connection

64


Mid and Low Level | Ambient Light

High and Low Level | Accent Light

65


Feature Layer:

Water Lighting

Fountains are illuminated at each end, creating

glowing fountains of light. additional high level

projectors create a shadow play of water and

light as children play

Ambient Layer:

Main Lawn

The lawns are illuminated via pole-mounted

projectors located around the periphery of the

park.

Trees around the perimeter of the lawn are

illuminated to give a better sense of the

boundaries of the area and to create a greater

sense of safety and depth.

* The images used in this page are for illustrative purposes only. They are not representative of any person or particular individual.

66


Ambient Layer:

Gateway Lawn

Important trees are illuminated via pole

mounted projectors and stake mounted

uplights creating a greater sense of depth and

density

Accent Layer:

Significant Trees

Trees are illuminated via pole mounted

projectors at points at the periphery and within

the ‘groves’-creating a greater sense of depth

and density.

Lighting around the vendors and parasols

is warm and intimate; with light spilling

down across the steps and Onto the main

promenade

* The images used in this page are for illustrative purposes only. They are not representative of any person or particular individual.

67


Accent Layer:

Statue & Metro

Trees are illuminated via pole mounted projectors

at points at the periphery and within the ‘groves’-

creating a greater sense of depth and density.

Lighting around the vendors and parasols is warm

and intimate; with light spilling down across the

steps and Onto the main promenade.

Accent Layer:

Promenade

Under-bench lighting, a system of low poles, and

other low- level lighting approaches accentuate

texture and highlight the topography

* The images used in this page are for illustrative purposes only. They are not representative of any person or particular individual.

68


Accent & Ambient Layer:

Amphitheater

The amphitheater area is illuminated via polemounted

projectors located around the periphery

of the grass amongst the trees. Lighting around

the stage is more intense than at the rest of the

amphitheater area, creating a sense of hierarchy to

this space

Ring fixture to provide feature lighting element

Existing tunnel lights provide a layer of functional

light at roadway

Wall washing tunnel side walls to provide depth and

general illumination at bus platform

* The images used in this page are for illustrative purposes only. They are not representative of any person or particular individual.

69


MOBILITY

Our goal is to maximize the efficiency

of the urban transport system

by discouraging unnecessary private

vehicle use and promoting more

effective, healthy and environmentfriendly

modes of transport, in

general being public transport and

non-motorized transport.

70


Mobility plan for Taksim

Taksim Square under a safe access approach should prioritize pedestrians and cyclists and provide

seamless integration in a multimodal network. Mobility interventions should enhance the public realm,

and increase economic vibrancy for all within a safe and secure environment. With in scope of this

approach, we prepared an accessibility plan based on a people centred and sustainable development

in order to reduce to/from Taksim trip with private vehicles.

Reduce vehicular traffic

Improve walkability

Prioritize Micro-mobility

Enhance Public Transit

Only wat to reduce vehicular traffic

is to simultaneously disincentivize

driving by taking away space from cars

(travel lanes, parking) or congestion

pricing, while incentivizing other

modes enough that these other modes

become the more convenient choice.

Walkability is a crucial first step in

creating sustainable transportation

in an urban environment. Our

interventions aim to ensure a physical

space and design that promotes

walking.

Despite the fact that Istanbul doesn’t

have a robust bike network, the new

design of the square can catalyze a

modal shift to cycling.

In order to establish public transit as

a preferred transportation choice, the

system must work to attract riders who

make a conscious choice to use public

transportation instead of their car.

Congestion Pricing

Congestion pricing has been proven to reduce congestion, increase transit ridership,

provide more reliable travel times, decrease pollution, and reduce the number of auto

accidents—all while raising critical new revenues for the transportation system. Within

this proposal, we will explore feasibility the of an “Area-wide Charge” for Taksim which

will charge private vehicles a toll when they enter the zone. Public transit, dolmus

vehicles, and certain taxis (electric vehicles) will be exempt from paying the toll.

TAKSİM

Protected Micromobility Lane

Shared Micromobility Lane

Congestion Zone Area

71


URBAN FOREST

30

HALİÇ

30

DOLMABAHCE

TUNEL

CIHANGIR

Prioritizing Pedestrians

The proposal seeks to reallocate the maximum amount of space for pedestrians. This is done through

redesigning intersections and lowering traffic volumes and speeds. Roads surrounding the square will

be repaved with a material that connects the street visually with the square which will force drivers to

drive slowly and be mindful of those coming and going to and through the square on foot and bicycle.

Since a large number of pedestrians are anticipated in Taksim Square, it is recommended that the

surrounding road network be designated as a slow zone and bus priority zone with 30km/hr speed limit.

We would like to create a well-connected network of sidewalks that are maintained, properly lit, and

lined with a varied and interesting streetscape.

30

Traffic Calming + Shared Street

Main Pedestrian Flow

Maximum Speed Limit

Public Transit Only Street

Streetscape Improvements

Intersection Redesign

Wayfinding

72


Designing Safe Intersections for Vulnerable Users

There are intersections that are within the boundaries of the competition site that are dangerous for

pedestrians and cyclists. If we want to make Taksim safer and more predictable for all street users,

intersection design is key. In its current situation, large turn radii and wide lanes in these intersections

encourage drivers to make sweeping, fast turns. Additionally, long signal cycles for pedestrians and

misaligned crossings also increase exposure and risk. Without the necessary data, it is hard to redesign

these places but we integrated intersection redesigns that prioritized pedestrian and cyclist safety

instead of vehicle throughput. Some strategies include reclaming space to make more compact

intersections, reducing turn radii and aligning pedestrian desire paths with crossings. Signal strategies

should also be analyzed and integrated to achieve a safer intersection for all users.

Retrofitting Arterial Streets for Walking

Some streets that connect Taksim to the city create barriers for pedestrians and create risk for

crashes. Redesigning arterial roads as complete streets: with high-quality sidewalks, proteced cycle

lanes, safe pedestrian crossings, and regulated on-street parking should be key to achieve a safer and

more comfortable environment for pedestrians.

73


MECIDIYEKÖY

URBAN FOREST

YENIKAPI

BESIKTAS

TOPHANE

Prioritizing Cycling & Micromobility

Despite the fact that Istanbul doesn’t have a robust bike network, the new design of the square can

catalyze a modal shift to cycling. We propose to connect Taksim with other urban nodes and integrate

it with other transportation systems like Metrobus and ferries. Protected bike lanes are proposed both

on Cumhuriyet Cad. and Tarlabaşı Bulvarı. Shared bike lanes are proposed in narrower streets which

will be slowed down by traffic calming. In high pedestrian density areas like squares and plazas, it is

advised to mix cyclist and pedestrian movements to avoid conflicts between them. We propose to

integrate wayfinding elements for cyclists to guide their movement in the site.

Protected Micromobility Lane

Shared Micromobility Lane

Micromobility Parking area

Isbike Decks

74


Resdesign of Cumhuriyet Caddesi

Cumhuriyet Caddesi should be reimagined as a multi-modal corridor

that would connect Taksim to Mecidiyeköy. To keep the high movement

function, vehicle lanes can be maintained and narrowed. The remaining

space can be reallocated for cycle lanes in each direction. If parking is

necessary, it can be placed between the moving vehicle lane and the

cycle lane to increase cyclist protection. Mid-block pedestrian crossings

should be provided and vehicles need to be slowed down as they

approach the crossing with a vertical deflection and signage.

Raised Crosswalk

Protected Bike Lane

Shared Bike System

One key component of this strategy is shared bike system. For a public

bike sharing system to efficient and well used, it must have a minimum

system coverage area of 10 km2. Therefore we are recommending that

the current bike sharing system provided by ISPARK should be extended.

Spacing of stations should be within a reasonable walking distance

within the coverage area. An ideal station density is identified as 10 to 16

stations per square kilometer. This means that in our competition site, we

need to include minimum of 3 stations. These stations are strategically

located at critical places like subway entrances and the library.

In addition to the infrastructure, the transfer between bike share and

other transit modes (metro, feeder buses etc.) should be free or on a

discounted rate. We know that IETT has initiated program to include bike

racks to selected buses. We propose that all the buses that use Taksim

should provide bike racks in front to carry bikes to encourage users.

Source: Google Maps

75


DT1

54P

70KE

70KE

46KT

40T

42T

40

129T

DT1

559C

DT1

54P

37T

38KT

70KE

46KT

48KT

49KT

ACIBADEM

ATASEHIR

BOSTANCI

KADIKÖY

5 MINUTES

3 MINUTES

40T

42T

40

129T

DT1

559C

37T

38KT

48KT

49KT

AKSARAY

BAKIRKÖY

FLORYA

K.MUSTA.

TOPKAPI

Y.BOSNA

YESILKÖY

C.BAG

TESVIKIYE

BESIKTAS

Prioritizing Public Transit

It is necessary to improve conditions of public transit so people can reach Taksim without the need

of a car. We would like to keep parking for public transit to a minimum around the square and create

a system where stops around the square are only used for short-term drop-off and pick-up. With the

walking and cycling improvements, we will ensure that people have safe and comfortable access to

transit hubs.

A key component of our improvments is providing real time data on metro and bus arrivals. Integrating

technology solutions to allow commuters accesss to real time location/arrival time of bus/train etc,

on personal devices, public display boards and annoucement systems. This info will be displayed

on our info screens around the space.Bus stops should also be improved. Solar charged bus stops

which consist of a flashing beacon, overhead security lighting and an illuminated timetable, should be

implemented.

Bus Terminal

Bus Route

Dolmus Stop

Subway Entrance

Tram Stop

Airport Shuttle

We provided pick-ups and drop-offs for dolmuş and taxis (when necessary) without restricting access

at the station area to buses, pedestrians and cycles.Idle dolmuş vehicles should not be waiting at the

site. We also foresee demand for dolmus will decrease with the expansion of the subway system so the

number of dolmuş should be reduced incrementally.

76


Transformation of Mete Caddesi

Mete Caddesi can be a vital asset for Gezi Park. Situated at Gezi’s eastern edge, currently it mainly

functions as an access road. We propose to restrict vehicle traffic on Mete Caddesi and turn it into

public transit only street. This means that the entrance to the street will be controlled by bollards and

only buses will be allowed to use it in certain times of the day. Non-local through traffic which was

using this street as a shortcut will be redirected onto the main road network. Similar projects have

been implemented in New York City (14th Street) and London (Orford Road). By making this move, we

will reduce the amount and speed of through-traffic, improve the look, feel and safety of the street

and reallocate space for green infrastructure. We foresee that as a result of this change, more service

businesses (cafes, restaurants etc.) will open along the street which will also help activate spaces in the

park along this street. Access for deliveries and emergency servicess will be provided for businesses in

this stretch.

77


Strategies for Underground Pedestrian Experience

Redefining the circulation

Creating Visual Contact with the Square

New Lighting Strategies

Creating and Integrating Wayfind Methods

78


Reorganizing Cumhuriyet Boulevard West Side Bus Station

79


RESILIENCE

We must prepare Taksim for

climate change, expected Istanbul

earthquake, and stormwater

flooding with tools responding

to the need for resilient design in

urban and public space.

80


Climate Change

According to the future climate scenarios developed for Istanbul Climate Change Action

Plan, by 2100:

Average temperatures in Istanbul will be 1-4.5°C warmer, and coupled with the city’s

ever intensifying urban heat island effect the increase in averages could reach up to

6.5°C. Currently the surfaces in Taksim are prone to absorb and hold heat, with rising

temperatures this effect will increase, thus posing health risks for the users vulnerable to

heat, especially children, elderly and those with chronic heart diseases.

Days with heavy precipitation will increase by 20% and the amount of precipitation in

such days by 59%. Taksim already experiences flash floods that damage shops and

underground infrastructures. Climate change trends signals increased risk of flash floods,

which is further aggravated by lack of permeable surfaces.

The overall precipitation will decrease by 9% and drought days will increase by 23 days.

Overall, the city will be experiencing water scarcity throughout the year, because the

rainfall will occur in shorter periods with heavy intensity disabling the water resources to

replenish.

The Mediterranean climate that prevails at Taksim Square is characterized by

pronounced four seasons with warm and dry summers and cool and humid winters. This

generally benign climate promotes a vibrant outdoor life throughout the year, rendering

outdoor spaces such as Taksim Square an invaluable part of the urban social fabric

and the public life. Even so, temperature extremes can range between -5°C to 35°C

in a typical year, with significantly greater extremes recorded over longer periods, and

with increasing frequency due to climate change. Despite low seasonal precipitation,

steep sun angles and high humidity often exacerbate summer heat. Whilst exposure to

prevailing wind at one of the higher hills in central Istanbul offers some relief against this

frequently oppressive summer heat, in winters cold northerly winds increase the wind

chill effect.

Local sun path in Taksim Square

As the global climate continues to change, the extremes in outdoor conditions in

Istanbul are expected to become increasingly more pronounced. For Taksim Square, this

means longer and more extreme heat waves, longer periods of draught interspersed by

more intense downpours and stronger winds. Combination of these factors necessitate

design responses that futureproof the use of the Square an d extend its active use

potential through greater comfort in larger parts of a typical year.

Addressing current and future impacts of climate change is inherent to the overall

approach of the proposed project. The urban forest proposed will create a microclimate

with a cooling effect, thus enabling resilience in face of rising temperatures and

urban heat island effect. It will also increase permeability of surfaces that mitigate flash

floods. The project also proposes to further mitigate flash floods by collecting rain and

stormwater underground. The rainwater collected can be reused to irrigate Taksim’s

proposed green spaces which alleviates water demand of the maintenance of the

landscapes in a water scarce future.

Prevailing wind in Istanbul

81


Outdoor Thermal Comfort

100%

90%

User comfort lies at the intersection of inclusivity, accessibility and sustainability in built

environment. Taking advantage of the generally benign climate of Istanbul, the proposal

strives to satisfy the diverse needs of all Taksim Square users simultaneously by offering

them a variety of environmental conditions to choose from at all times. This is achieved

through an interconnected network of micro-climates created by combining passive

design measures such as access to solar heat and local shades, local wind/air speed

control features, use of plants and water features to soften temperature extremes and

careful material selection. Preliminary studies confirm that high level of local outdoor

thermal comfort can be maintained for up to 90% of annual hours through such passive

design measures and the resulting co-existence of different micro-climates that satisfy

the differing needs of all Istanbullus.

PERCENTAGE OF ANNUAL HOURS

80%

70%

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%

46%

59%

74%

74%

85%

87%

90%

Extreme cold stress

(-55°C to -40°C)

Very strong cold stress

(-40°C to -27°C)

Strong cold stress

(-27°C to -13°C)

Moderate cold stress

(-13°C to 0°C)

Slight cold stress

(0°C to 9°C)

No thermal stress

(9°C to 26°C)

Moderate heat stress

(26°C to 32°C)

Strong heat stress

(32°C to 38°C)

Very strong heat stress

(38°C to 46°C)

Extreme heat stress

(46°C to 55°C)

Initial UTCI

UNSHADED (°C)

UTCI with fixed wind shelter

UNSHADED

(°C)

UTCI with full air speed control

UNSHADED

(°C)

UTCI with fixed wind shelter

SHADED

(°C)

UTCI with full air speed control

SHADED

(°C)

UTCI with full air speed control and

adiabatic cooling

SHADED (°C)

Best possible without active

heating/cooling

Incremental benefit of the proposed design measures and micro climates in

improving outdoor thermal comfort

Outdoor Thermal Comfort Range Throughout the year when exposed to uncontrolled outdoor conditions in Taksim Square

Potential access to giht outdoor thermal comfort through range of microclimates offered by the proposal

82


Solar Heat, Shading and Daylight

As one of the largest urban open spaces on a hilltop in densely built central Istanbul,

Taksim Square enjoys high exposure to the sun. During the colder parts of the year,

the design proposal utilizes this welcome source of heat by absorbing and gradually

releasing it in limited local areas with darker coloured surfaces and high thermal mass. In

such areas expected to be popular in the winter months, seasonal access to solar heat is

further promoted with deciduous trees that increase shading during the warmer periods.

With the onset of the warmer seasons, excess solar heat becomes detrimental and the

need for shading and lighter colour surfaces prevails. This is offered through a variety of

shading features ranging from plants in urban forest, on kiosk trellises and along primary

walking routes, to local canopies and infrastructure elements such as the new bridge.

Whilst the bridge offers a unique elevated experience and views when the outdoor

conditions are favourable, it also provides a new sheltered walkway along a primary

walking artery across the Square.

Well-designed outdoor spaces benefit from high levels of daylight. The proposal aims to

extend this benefit into the underground transport infrastructure by introducing skylights

from the square, which also become sources of light and intrigue at night.

Existing

Proposed

Solar exposure in Taksim Square before proposed changes

Solar exposure in Taksim Square including proposed changes

Existing

Proposed

Solar exposure in Taksim Square before proposed changes

Solar exposure in Taksim Square including proposed changes

83


Stormwater Retention

According to the future climate scenarios developed for Istanbul Climate Change Action

Plan, days with heavy precipitation will increase by 20% and the amount of precipitation

in such days by 59% by 2100. Taksim already experiences flash floods that damage

shops and underground infrastructures. Climate change trends signals increased risk

of flash floods, which is further aggravated by lack of permeable surfaces. Addressing

current and future impacts of climate change is inherent to the overall approach of the

proposed project.

In spite of its relatively high-altitude location, parts of Taksim experience flash floods

that damage shops and the underground infrastructure. This is attributed primarily to

the limited availability of water permeable areas within largely sealed surfaces. Unless

addressed through careful design, frequency and severity of such flash floods will

increase due to climate change. The Istanbul Climate Change Action Plan anticipates

Istanbul of 2100 to experience up to 20% increase in the number of days with heavy

precipitation and up to 59% increase in the amount of precipitation on such days.

Addressing the current and the future impacts of climate change is inherent to the

overall approach of the proposed design. While its milder microclimate reduces urban

heat island effect and improves local thermal comfort, the proposed urban forest also

slows the speed at which heavy precipitation reaches the ground. Once at the ground

level, the precipitation is absorbed through the soil as it becomes irrigation water for

the carefully selected locally adjusted and drought tolerant plant species. Natural

and permeable surface finish materials such as open pavers will also be incorporated

wherever practicable to reduce the risk of uncontrolled water runoff.

In response to the increase in both the length of the dry spells and the intensity of

heavy precipitation due to climate change, the project proposes to collect rainwater

through bespoke shading canopies. The water collected by these canopies will be stored

underground to offset the water demand for irrigation as well as the new and existing

water features. It will also reduce the flood risk and surface accumulation of water in

impermeable areas and enable access to water as a resilience measure during large scale

emergencies.

GEZI PARK

WATER PLAZA

Precipitation

Irrigation

Irrigation

Surface Runofff/Runnel

Infiltration

Gravity Fed

Filter / UV Treatment

Cistern

Pump

Precipitation

Water Tank

Gravity Fed

Irrigation

84


Created from the by Noun Oleksandr ProjectPanasovskyi

Materials & Technology

Gravel

With minimal operational energy use and significant ecological enrichment through

extensive vegetation, the largest environmental impact of the proposed redevelopment

will be due to its use and disposal of construction materials. To minimise this impact,

circular economy principles will be adopted wherever feasible. Proposed interventions

will retain successfully functioning elements of the existing square and limit new

construction to strategic improvements. Both the landmarks and the unofficial heritage

of the Square will be preserved to protect its unique status within Istanbul’s urban fabric

and memory.

Existing Pavement

MATERIAL RECYCLE

Urban Furniture

New Pavement Pattern

Materials removed to develop the new features will be prioritized for reuse directly

onsite or recycled into new construction materials such as terrazzo surface finishes and

concrete aggregates. Products with sound environmental credentials will be incorporated

into robust design elements with standard details and dimensions to facilitate ease of

maintenance and replacement. This will future-proof the Square against frequent, costly

and environmentally harmful rebuilding cycles. Surface finishes will draw from a rich yet

pre-set palette of materials and colors to passively support the desired micro-climatic

conditions, taking advantage of solar heat while minimising urban heat island effect.

Preference for durable, natural and locally sourced materials such as stone, timber

and marble will further reduce the embodied environmental impact of the proposed

development.

Large unshaded exposures of the Square will be exploited through innovative solar

renewable technologies. Photovoltaic panels on kiosks and shading canopies will be

used for self-powered solutions that improve local micro-climate, and provide amenities

for visitors such as artificial lighting, digital interactive displays, wi-fi connectivity and

free phone and electric bike charging. These amenities will also improve the Square’s

resilience and continued public use during emergencies.

Earthquake

Istanbul is expecting a Mw7.5 earthquake in the near future, namely “Istanbul

Earthquake.” Especially as a touristic area and a critical economic center, Taksim

cannot afford to be unprepared for a disaster on this scale. Disaster risk management is

defined through 3 phases before (prevention, mitigation and preparedness) and 3 phases

following a disaster (response, recovery and reconstruction). The proposed design

cannot mitigate all earthquake risks in Taksim area but can contribute to preparedness.

We acknowledge that the promenade, Istiklal Street and all roads will most likely be

open to access for ambulances, search and rescue vehicles and fire trucks. Thus,

the proposed design identifies locations for response services such as crisis support

desk, search and rescue teams’ gathering area, food distribution, healthcare services,

to set up that take emergency accessibility pathways into consideration. Zones are

allocated to storing emergency response equipment in the spaces available in the

underground public transportation access areas as well.

First Aid

&

Healthcare

WC

Storages

Gathering

Area

Food Hub

Crisis

Support

Desk

Tents

Area

min. h; 4.2

AFAD

&

UMKE

Food

Distribution

Storages

Gathering

Area

Gathering

Area

Gathering

Area

WC

85


TAKSIM FOR ALL

Welcoming all means aiming for

tolerance for democratic space. The

renewed Taksim Square should

be flexible and allow a myriad of

activities to find their place in a

diverse series of public spaces.

86


A Vibrant Public Space

Taksim Square will embody a renewed sense of energy, design, community

connectedness, and diversity while staying true to the unique and ever-changing

pulse of Istanbul. Re-opening means aiming for tolerance - for democratic space. The

renewed Taksim Square should be flexible and allow a myriad of activities to find their

place in a diverse series of public spaces. We seek to create multiple nodes in the area

to allow spontaneous activities to arise and intersect on in the urban landscape.

Botanical Lab.

Urban Food

Forest Kids Play

Everyday

Gatherings

Dog Park

Kioks Market

Medium

Events

MultiPurpose

Plaza

Everyday

Gatherings

Cenral Fountain

Everyday

Gatherings

Amphitheater

Medium

Events

Lawn-Plaza

Medium

Events

Botanical Forest

Gateway Lawn

Everyday

Gatherings

Everyday

Gatherings

The Hill

Everyday

Gatherings

Gezi Terrace

Green Commons

Small

Events

Statue

Cercis Plaza

Everyday

Gatherings

Stairs

Main Plaza

Large Events

Mutli-Purpose

Pavillion

Public Art

Platform

Small Events

Water Plaza

Medium

Events

The Meadow

Everyday

Gatherings

Maksem

Everyday

Gatherings

Schedule

Taksim’s daily, weekly, monthly and annual activities will attract varied demographics and

communities. The park’s calendar of events, festivals, markets, programs and daily uses

will work together and ensure that different spaces are utilized.

S daily gatherings

M periodic events

L

big events

Park

Maintance

Jogging

Morning

Yoga

Coffee

Breaks

Takeaway

Breakfast

Agricultural

Workshop

Lunch

Dates

Kids

Play

Bookclub

Meeting

Chess

Happy

Hour

Pingpong

Tournament

Evenings

Jazz

Late night

Dog Walks

Mid-night

Bike Rides

Park

Maintance

activeness chart

Cafe

Kioks

Yoga & Meditation

Fitness

Street Performance

Art Classes

Audio Tours

Pingpong Table

Game Night

Kid’s Playground

Book Club

Dog’s Park

Forums

Design Bazaar

Night Market

Art Installation

Open air cinema

Exhibition

Agricultural Workshops

Concerts

Festivals

Celebrations

Broadcast for Sport Games

Public Engagement Events

6:00 9:00 12:00 15:00 18:00 21:00 24:00 03:00

87


Citizens are building a city image by taking a creative part

of it. Nowadays, we are establishing new urban identities

through moments and digital mediums. Taksim Square will

be a combination of different images, moments, feelings,

and emotions.

150 like #sundayfunday #yenitaksim

#newtaksim #greencommons

135 like Such a wonderful iftar meal at water

plaza! #eidmubarek #taksimsquare #eid

584 like “These beautiful weather ruined us ...”

#poetryonstreet #gezipark

18 like It’s done! #celebration

#promenade #taksim

18 like Design market in Taksim just started!

#supportlocals #design #istanbul

22 like spring term just started

#backtoschool

88


Emergency

Security and

Waste Truck Access

1-4 days year

Smart Power Access*

Water Outlet / Waste Water Inlet

Mobile Network Amplifier

*: Roadside power access could be integrated into

and synchronised with AKM, urban grid or

external power generators(diesel and/or gas).

Event Planning

While some events prioritise audiovisual experience, others provides a feeling of

community through celebration or commemoration: Different events require different

settings. Event Layouts of choice deliver these settings in an organised manner

depending on what’s needed for a certain event, audience-size or time of the year.

Coordination Unit arranges these layouts, health and safety requirements and time slots

by city professionals, ensuring public participation in decision making as well as health

and security of the audience members.

Besides the permanent gathering areas that are part of the new urban landscape design,

an events infrastructure is offered both for these areas and for large event layouts. The

events infrastructure is developed to integrate temporary events better into physical

space by maximising ease of use and administration to provide all actors safer, healthier

and more enjoyable gatherings. The infrastructure is also an integral part of disaster risk

management program and includes AKM as one of main service points. Mobile network

connection is easily scalable with service providers when needed through the common

amplifier.

The main control desk is located within the coordination unit and it monitors the activity

at underground service points. Service points have metered connection interfaces to:

• Smart Power Infrastructure (Different voltage and amperages, source selection,

phase synchronisation, noise protection)

• Running Water and Waste Water Storage and Safe Disposal for F&B and Restroom

Hygiene (Vendors and mobile public restrooms could be attached to plumbing)

• Secure Data Highways

• High Quality Cabling for Stage Productions

Coordination and Main Desk

Data Highway Access

Coordination and Main Desk Coordination and Data Main Highway Desk Access

Data Highway Access

Emergency

Security and

Waste Truck Access

Smart Power Access*

Water Outlet / Waste Water Inlet

Emergency

Security and

Waste Truck Access

Smart Power Access* Smart Power Access*

Emergency

Security and Water Outlet / Waste Water Water Inlet Outlet / Waste Water Inlet

Waste Truck Access

5-14 days year

Mobile Network Amplifier

*: Roadside power access could be integrated into

and synchronised with AKM, urban grid or

external power generators(diesel and/or gas).

1-4 days year

Mobile Network Amplifier Mobile Network Amplifier

*: Roadside power access could *: Roadside be integrated power into access could be integrated into

and synchronised with AKM, urban grid or

15+ days year

and synchronised with AKM, urban grid or

external power generators(diesel external and/or power gas). generators(diesel and/or gas).

Coordination and Main Desk

Data Highway Access

Coordination and Main Desk

Data Highway Access

Emergency

Security and

Waste Truck Access

Smart Power Access*

Water Outlet / Waste Water Inlet

Emergency

Security and

Waste Truck Access

Smart Power Access*

Water Outlet / Waste Water Inlet

Mobile Network Amplifier

Mobile Network Amplifier

5-14 days year

*: Roadside power access could be integrated into

and synchronised with AKM, urban grid or

external power generators(diesel and/or gas).

15+ days year

*: Roadside power access could be integrated into

and synchronised with AKM, urban grid or

external power generators(diesel and/or gas).

89


Play Strategies

The intensity of schools and daycare facilties around Taksim Square, Tarlabaşı Cad.

shows that there is a need for children friendly access to Gezi Park. Additionally,

according to the study by Urban95, the neighborhoods of Bülbül, Çukur and Bostan

who are close proximity to he area have relatively large numbers of disadvantaged

children. Our play concept also explores the creation of new spatial links for neighboring

residents.

Daycare facilities and schools around Taksim

Play for everyone

Our design strategy is based on a diverse activities and space for all sorts of age groups

and on the possibilities of use changing through the day. Especially, we would like to

ensure kids and young people find more attractive possibilities for doing physical and

playful activity and getting together in Taksim, and so adults and elderly people regain a

taste for play and sharing time and places for intergenerational play.

Are these stepping stones on the Gateway Lawn just for toddlers? Is this a bench or

a playing surface? Are the edges of the seating platform on the promenade intended

for skating? And if not can I skate on them? We would like to include these transitional

zones within the programmatic arrangement so that the users can determine their

interaction between different design elements.

90


Play station of Beyoğlu

Gezi Park will be the play station of Beyoglu employing play rangers who reach out

to Bülbül, Çukur, and Tarlabaşı neighborhoods to support children’s play in their own

streets and schoolyards. Play rangers facilitate outdoor play by providing resources and

ideas to encourage exciting, active, and socially bonding play opportunities.

Play-programming for Gezi

Software of play is as important as the hardware. We propose launching an exciting play

program for Gezi Park supported by playworkers/play rangers who organize structured

and non-structured play opportunities in Gezi Park regularly. Play programming also

provides an excellent opportunity for participation as local residents and institutions

can take roles in its organization. Play brings people together and is essential for

rebuilding communities.

• Family Football Tournament

• Gezi Park Role Play Festival

• Kindergarten Graduations Ceremony

• Treasure Hunt

• Trivia Nights

• Annual Water Fight

Gezi Park Play Festival Poster

91


Accessibility Strategies

In our vision to create an accessible and inclusive Taksim, we consider the needs of

individuals from various age, gender, and disability groups. Design for everyone aims

to create inclusive spaces where everyone can easily and safely use and participate

in social life. Inclusiveness in public spaces means that every individual with different

profiles can find a place for themselves, regardless of age and gender, and has equal

access and use to places and services that support diversity and pluralism.

By considering national standards such as TS9111, TS 12576- TS 12460, the

appropriateness of park entrances, ramps, stairs, urban furniture, children’s playgrounds,

and pedestrian paths for disabled individuals was considered in the design.

Sustainable use of public spaces is possible with the quality and safety of the spaces

and accessibility and equal use opportunities in line with the needs of all individuals.

Independent participation, equal opportunities, and equal access to all spheres of life

are essential inclusion conditions. We are aiming to implement a public experience where

everyone can participate equally.

Efforts have been made to ensure that every point in the work area is accessible and

equally usable by everyone. In response to the resting need of people with limited

mobility, we consider that the longest distance between the sitting benches is 30m,

according to TS 9111.

Spaces for disabled children have been designed in the park and the children’s

playground. In addition to the info screens placed at certain points in the work area, we

plan to make the urban information interface accessible for everyone with tactile maps.

Access to the metro and underground bus stops is provided by stairs and escalators and

an elevator for the disabled. To avoid dark/blind spots in Taksim and its surroundings,

using lighting elements of sufficient amount and lighting design, Taksim’s safe use has

been provided for 24 hours. This is essential to ensure day and night access to the park,

at all times, regardless of age and gender.

To create equal/fair/livable public/urban spaces and provide services to individuals with

different characteristics in spatial planning; “Healthy city”, “pedestrian-bicycle priority

city”, “disabled-friendly city”, “age-friendly city,” and so on. In addition to many features

such as “women-friendly city.” It is important to establish and implement mechanisms

for women-friendly cities that will play a role in achieving gender equality in spatial

organizations.

It is both a basic right of citizenship and a social life requirement that everyone can

easily and safely access the city space and use it independently. On the other hand,

equal space is only possible when individuals take an active role and participate in

spatial decision-making processes that affect them

Intergenerational Experience

The concept of inclusive design is crucial to our project. Inter-generational interaction,

particularly in a place like Taksim, is further enhanced through design details and also

through program. The ease of accessibility and safety of circulation, day and night,

invites elderly, mothers with strollers, children, and people with disability in an equal

and just manner. Once there, the spectrum of spatial qualities available on site invites

the elderly as well as the youth. From intimate seating, to shaded lounges, to cafe

configurations, loungy seating, or upright seating, a portfolio of programs is delivered

equally to all age groups. The experience is designed around civic participation and

connection, drawing together younger and older generations. The approach is aimed at

promoting mutual interest and understanding.

Multisensorial Experience

The multi-sensorial approach allows us to create an urban space that is rich in

experiences aimed at the direct and indirect engagement of the senses of the users.

The diversity in plant selection, the seasonality of the vegetation, and variation in colors

of the species, across time and space paints aesthetically pleasing and psychologically

therapeutic scenes. The variation in the textures of the vegetation, between soft grasses

and thick perennials, as well as the variation in the finishes of the ground surface,

between lawn, granite, wood, and loose gravel, engages the tactile experience. The

flowering plants and aromatic perennials in the woodland, hill, and food forest engage

all of the sense: touch, smell, taste, and sight. The water plaza engages more than the

senses to engage the body, playfully interacting with its shooting water jets.

92


Tactile map

Tactile pavement

Wheelchair eligibility

Disabled elevator

Tactile map

Tactile pavement

Wheelchair eligibility

Disabled elevator

93


ART IN TAKSIM

As one of the main public spaces

and symbolically important

hub of connections for both

pedestrians and vehicles; the

artistic program has been curated

on the basis of engagement and

interaction.

94


Artistic Program

The proposal of the artistic program for Taksim Square and Gezi Park is organized

in three different layers and modalities. As one of the main public spaces and a

symbolically important hub of connections for both pedestrians and vehicles; the artistic

program has been curated on the basis of engagement and interaction.

The aim and content of the artistic program are to create an opportunity for the citizens

to select the art projects through a public call (by the Greater Municipality and managed

by its cultural agency). Propsed structure can be as follows:

• Artistic Director (appointed by the board and Mayor)

• Temporary Guest Curators (appointed by the artistic director and open calls)

• Board of advisors consisting of members of NGOs, artists, culture professionals

Furthermore, the art projects will focus on:

• Developing inclusive urban life,

• Opposing gender bias,

• Sustainable ecology focused and raising awareness of the Anthropocene effects of

both human and non-humans,

• Empathy among diverse citizens,

• The revitalization of the memory of the space of Taksim.

Indoor Exhibition Area

Temporary Art Interventionals

Ecological Art

Performative Memory Walks

Public Art Video Screening

Pop-up performances & street art

Underground art events

95


Temporary Pavilion

Temporary Pavilion designed by selected guest architects/artists

(Duration 6 to 8 months).

Nowadays, in major public spaces and parks such as the High Line, New York, or the

Hydepark London, a public art program interacts with its citizens. For example, every

year, the Serpentine Gallery commissions a leading architect to design and build a

temporary public summer pavilion. Every Pavilion is completed within six months and

sits on the lawn of the Gallery for three months for the public to enjoy. In our vision,

we are planning a similar initiative in Gezi Park in the southeast corner of the Public Art

Platform. The Pavilion will act as socially active workshops, talks, and discussions led by

curators and artists, architects, and designers. The invited artist would be a prominent

international artist who has demonstrated activities. This Pavilion will be a place of

intergenerational exchange for socially active art.

Performative Memory Walks

Memorialization of space in Taksim Square to Gezi Park is an important citizen

engagement technique that also has a pedagogical duty of revitalizing the political and

social history of urban culture of Istanbul. The performative sound walking will be in

collaboration with civil and human rights NGOs or foundations and will be led by artists

and architects that will be open participation for the citizens. The sound walking can be

followed with a designed application on phones and guided by an artist, social researcher

or architect. The theme could be vary from architectural history of the place to the history

of 1 May or memories of non-muslim communities in Istanbul or the trees and plant

histories.

96


Public Art Video Screenings

The screens, we propose in the project not only provide daily information or regular news,

but they are also planned to be a venue for new types of artworks in the digital world. With

the online voting system of the citizens, the artworks selected from the curator selection will

find their place on the screens. Artworks could be screened every month in different spots.

Possible screens : Info Boards, Pop-Up Areas, Multipurpose Area

Art and Ecological Pods House

A permanent place Glass House could be initiated with the help or collaboration of

Zeytinburnu Tıbbi Bitkiler Bahçesi. Conducting talks and events about contemporary

art and cultivation and healing which are the most popular topics in art right now would

create a special spot in the Gezi Park for the citizens who want to engage in longer term

with a space. https://ztbb.org/ztbb/hakkimizda/

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PARTICIPATION

We see participation as an

instrument to raise awareness

about democracy and create a

common ground for bringing

people together who wouldn’t

have come together under

different circumstances.

98


Approach to Participation

Toolkit

Community participation is essential to creating a meaningful, long-term design for

Taksim that has strong public support and provides an accurate representation of

what kind of a city square that Istanbulites want. The following objectives guides our

engagement approach:

• Collect deep local knowledge and identify collective ambitions to guide the design

process

• Gather feedback about the design and programming of the square

• Creating a sense of ownership and excitement through an inclusive program

• Create a framework for ongoing collaboration and engagement to constantly update

the project, even after it is implemented.

• Targeting underrepresented community members including immigrant and racial and

ethnic minority communities.

We see this approach as an instrument to raise awareness about democracy and create

a common ground for bringing people together who wouldn’t have come together under

different circumstances. To meet these objectives, we developed a toolkit that consists

of a variety of in-person and online approaches to engage residents.

In addition to this toolkit, we propose to form a working group determined by Istanbul

Metropolitan Municipality which will coordinate the execution of the participation

program. The Taksim Working Group will include representatives from NGOs actively

engaged with different groups and issues in the urban area (social, environmental,etc),

neighboring universities and institutions & initiatives around Taksim. Although Taksim is

a square of urban and even national and international importance, establishing a local

context is substantial to build and maintain a solid structure and effective partnership.

The working group will also be responsible for monitoring the curation and realization of

the programs envisaged within the participation program, and will also develop strategies

that will ensure the participation of the citizens. The participation program is rotational

and will be announced via Taksim working group for each 6 months through an event

schedule.The working group will be in charge of the curation aided by the the above

toolkit and the phases defined below:

Temporary Taksim Bureau

The Bureau will be a

physical space in Taksim

in which workshops,

lectures and exhibitions

wil take place during the

participation process.

Kids Workshops

Youngest citizens can

become aware of the

transformation and the

potentialities of the public

space through creating

drawings and models.

Pilot Projects

These projects will serve

as a way of experiencing

possible uses and solutions

for the future square.

Taksim.online

The platform will host

online workshops, publish

periodic broadcasts, and

provide regular updates

about the project.

Community Workshops

These workshops will

discuss planning issues,

identify recommendations,

and weigh priorities.

Surveys & Interviews

Surveys will cover the issues

facing the project, the

Istanbulite’s vision for the

square, and draft goals.

Institutional Workshops

Civic Rituals

Academic and cultural

institutions around Taksim

will be brought together to

brainstorm the future of the

space.

From communal cooking

to gardening, collective

events can kick start

conversations about the

space.

Phase 1 - Collective Vision

After the announcement of the winning proposal, the working group engages citizens to

collect ideas, suggestions, complaints and memories to frame the collective vision for

the square.The engagement doesn’t necessarily focus solely on the project but more on

collecting memories and stories related to the square. These individual connections will

then be used to determine the common ground to discuss the project itself.

Starters of Participation is an open-ended process under the responsibility of

Taksim Working Group. The necessary toolkits must be used to reach the diversified

participants. The collected data will be classified every 3 months and the next phases

will be planned in the meantime.

Toolkit

99


Phase 2 - Expert Opinion

To widen the suggestions, to provide the data free from just complaint grip, moderated

discussion and lectures will be organised every month. This is an opportunity to become

aware of controversial issues and current approaches through academics, professionals

and activists. Topics will include gender studies, racial discrimination or social justice, on

the other hand, sustainability, ecological approaches or technological inclusions diversify

the discussions.

A curated program will be announced every 6 months, and moreover if a study group

will need support, some other lectures can be arranged. The program will be scheduled

as closed and open sessions. The closed group participants will be invited as workshop

contributors and selected by the assembly from the owners and managers of the local

businesses, inhabitants of the area, education representatives including the students,

and NGOs working with the different identities, etc. The lectures and events of the

artistic program, artist talk, video screenings & memory walks will be included in the open

schedule. Taksim Bureau and Taksim Online will be the main hubs of the organisations.

Toolkit

Phase 3 - Design Revisions

The data provided from the previous two steps will be used to guide the conversation.

Participants will work together to find design solutions that will address the issues that

the working group have identified as priorities and result in a clear, detailed, realistic

vision for the implementation project. Design team will work with participants to achieve

reasonable and feasible decisions, by identifying reasonable constraints, teaching

relevant design principles, and offering professionals insights to the ramifications of

different design approaches.

Toolkit

100


Phase 4 - Urban Actions

Temporary interventions will act as public consultation, at actual scale and in real-time –

thus making a project process more inclusive, effective, engaging and efficient.

In this stage, It is aimed to design and produce temporary, low-footprint interventions for

urban action in the lead of the provided data. As a result of these, physical productions

are carried out for the citizens to experience the different possibilities / uses of the

square. Purpose of these interventions are depending on the current discussion, either

changing the perceptions of the users about the square, capturing their interest and

involving the citizens in the process to increase the visibility of the process, or can be

the prototype of a permanent change.

Other programs such as communal gardens can take place even before the

implementation. Such programs enhance sense of community, sense of belonging to

the space, as well as community resilience.The establishment and maintenance of the

Urban Food Forest (top north of Gezi Park), the Eco-Lab (top north of Gezi) as well as

the Urban Botanical Forest (Woodlands of Gezi Park), develops hands-on skills to the

younger generation, enhances connection with nature, land, and the ”other” and ensures

long-term sustenance. It also teaches urban agriculture, agroforestry, botany, and

ecology.

Toolkit

Phase 5 - Activating the Square

The engagement process will continue after the implementation. Communal cooking,

gardening, open-air sport activities, meditation sessions or reading groups will be

organized to attract people into the new space and experience it in a new way. In

addition to this, cultural events such as concerts, plays or screenings will help to

embrace the space by locals and will give a chance to meet with the passers-by. Another

instrument to keep the space active is public forums. In these meetings, discussion will

be kept alive among all community members and the decisions will be made. Forums will

provide the opportunity to continuously evaluate the participatory process and receive

feedback.

Toolkit

101


COMMUNICATION

The diversity in Taksim requires

comprehensive and participatory

communication strategies based

on three intertwined categories

working on the same database for

listening, gathering together and

disseminating.

102


Taksim Square and its neighborhood are composed of a diversity of local inhabitants,

visitors, and passersby regarding their ethnic, religious, and sexual identities, as well as

their social classes. Hence, the languages spoken in the neighborhood are diversified,

not only concerning official languages but also socially constructed terminologies.

Moreover, different backgrounds pose different interests related to the neighborhood

from historical, cultural, and artistic to financial and daily-life information. In this

manner, instead of an inclusive communication strategy, it requires comprehensive and

participatory communication strategies (in plural).

Communication strategies would be developed and managed by an independent PR

department, including the volunteers of the project. The volunteers will be trained

for taking over the management of digital platforms and monitored concerning the

requirements of comprehensive and participatory communication strategies. Hence,

social communication would be open to different voices.

1. Reciprocal Communication

Today, social media enables two-way communication instead of information coming

from top to bottom. The reciprocal communication aims to provide information on

different levels, languages, and terminologies based on hearing the needs of the users

posed in questions, comments, and complaints. It is essential to create a daily voice, in

addition to the formal information language. Twitter and other social media accounts

would be managed by different personas created based on personal typologies livingworking

in, visiting, and passing by Taksim. Each Tweet would be signed by the name

of the persona who has their voices. The daily voice would be non-binary, liberal, and

speaking different minority languages when necessary. The goal is to remove borders

between the local government and the inhabitants.

2. Collection of Local Memories

Similarly, social media allows the inhabitants to capture history as it is happening in

audio-visual format. In the present day, the history is not written by “winners” but by

citizens based on their testimonies. Therefore, the project foresees a platform where

locals can upload their photos, videos, and voice recordings. Data would be publicly

shared or stored for further researchers depending on the consent of the data creator.

In addition to a digital platform on Internet, there would be a touch screen in Taksim

Square, where people can browse the information cataloged through tags, such as

social movements, historical moments, current and past exhibitions, events, etc.

The goal is to multiply the ways of communication and enable information exchange

between the inhabitants.

3. Connecting the Nodes

Although it may be the most significant public space of the city, Taksim is a part of a

larger network of squares that includes Bakırköy, Kadıköy, Kazlıçeşme etc. Moreover, the

happenings present also diversified localities in the city depending on the space of historical

incidents, such as annual gathering in memoriam of Hrant Dink in Pangaltı, Berkin Elvan

in Okmeydanı, or May 1st and March 8th in different urban spaces. Hence, it is essential

to connect the historical and spatial nodes to understand the history and daily life of the

city. In addition to the aforementioned digital platform, there would be information screens

at public transport stops, where passengers would be informed during their daily travels.

Through particular Twitter hashtags, passengers would be able to join the discussions held

on the screens. The goal is to provide a vivid platform for communication.

Mecidiyeköy

Gaziosmanpaşa

Taksim Beşiktaş

Üsküdar

Kadiköy

8

MARCH

103


A new identity for Taksim

The logo is designed with a consistent and dynamic visual language and wayfinding

system deployed across Taksim Square. It allows the citizens and visitors to acquire

information about activities, upcoming events, as well as on the historical layers of

the site. The shape and design of the new identity are inspired by the bird view of

encounters, streets, buildings, and citizens.

A logo that can be read, distinguished and

stand out in different sizes.

104


Different color applications and alternatives provide

flexibility and ease of use to the logo.

Various symbol applications

105


Colors of Taksim

The colors that make up the Taksim logo consist of the

combination of elements that reflect the main principles of

Taksim. The differences and colorfulness of Taksim form a

whole in harmony.

Vibrant

Connected with its past

Welcoming

Engaged with Nature

Accessible

Resilient

106


Typography

Fonts reflecting the humanist, modern, contemporary and

historical aspects of Taksim were used in the identity.

Moderat Family

Moderat is a geometric sans-serif typeface family, consisting of 42

styles, ranging from Thin to Black in three widths—Condensed, Standard

and Extended, with corresponding Italics and six Mono styles. With an

enhanced set of OpenType features and stylistic as well as positional

alternates, Moderat is suited for both body copy and display type.

Aa

ABCÇDEFGĞHIİJKLMNOÖPQRTUÜVWXYZ

abcçdefgğhiijklmnoöpqrtuüvwxyz

→↓↔↕↖↑↘↙

➀➁➂➃➄➅➆➇➈➉➊➋➌➍➎➏➐➑➒➓

0123456789

ÁĂǍÂÄȦẠÀĀĄÅÃÆǼǢḂĆČÇĈĊÐĎḐĐḊÉĔĚȨÊË

ĖẸÈĒĘẼḞǴĞǦĜĢĠḠĦȞḨĤḦḢÍĬǏÎÏİỊÌĪĮĨĴĶĹĽĻĿŁṀŃŇ

ŅṄǸŊÑÓŎǑÔÖȮỌÒŐŌǪØǾÕŒṖÞŔŘŖṘŚŠŞŜȘ

ṠŦŤŢȚÚŬǓÛÜỤÙŰŪŲŮŨṼẂŴẄẀẌÝŶŸỲȲỸŹŽẐŻ

Moderat

for general usage

Moderat Condensed

for narrow spaces

Moderat Extended

for wide spaces & big signages

Moderat Mono

for informative texts (time, hours etc.)

Cities are meaningful

when they are engaged

with their inhabitants,

as common spaces

configured by the

collective participation

and social memory.

Sometimes it is needed to

write too much texts on

small spaces. Condensed

fonts are very useful and

readable at this point.

INFO

TAKSİM

TOURIST INFO

MEETING POINT

LOREM IPSUM

MAÇKA

00:10

00:30

00:45

01:15

02:15

08:00

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUN

Messina Serif

Messina Serif Font is used to create contrast, highlights and text

in display size.

Taksim is where

Istanbul comes together;

Taksim is where

Istanbul dissolves.

ABCÇDEFGĞHIİJKLMNOÖPQRTUÜVWXYZ

abcçdefgğhiijklmnoöpqrtuüvwxyz

0123456789

№5 —

ÁĂÂÄÀĀĄÅÃÆḂĆČÇĈĊÐĎĐḊÉĔĚÊËĖÈĒĘḞǴ

ĞĜĢĠĦĤÍÎÏİÌĪĮĨĴĶĹĽĻĿŁṀŃŇŅŊÑÓŎÔÖÒŐŌ

ØÕŒṖÞŔŘŖŚŠŞŜȘṠŦŤŢȚÚŬÛÜÙŰŪŲŮŨẂŴ

ẄẀÝŶŸỲŹŽŻ

107


Wayfinding

Parkı

Taksim Meydanı

27.06.23 15:45

03.07.20 15:45

03.07.20 15:45

Parçalı Bulutlu

Parçalı Bulutlu

Parçalı Bulutlu

İstiklal Caddesi

200 m

Kültür Sanat Gündemi

Taksim Programı

Kültür Sanat Gündemi

Taksim Programı

Kültür Sanat Gündemi

Taksim Programı

Kazancı Yokuşu

150 m

300 m Cumhuriyet Caddesi

15:00

Promenat

İstanbul Ezgileri Konseri

15:00

Promenat

İstanbul Ezgileri Konseri

15:00

Promenat

İstanbul Ezgileri Konseri

INFO

ULAŞIM

18:00

Yeşil Bahçe

Edebiyat Söyleşileri

18:00

Yeşil Bahçe

Edebiyat Söyleşileri

18:00

Yeşil Bahçe

Edebiyat Söyleşileri

Lorem ipsum dolor sit

amet, consectetuer

adipiscing elit, Meydan

lorem dolor expectum.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit

amet, consectetuer

adipiscing elit, Meydan

lorem dolor expectum.

21:00

Gezi Parkı

Şehir Tiyatroları Performansı

21:00

Gezi Parkı

Şehir Tiyatroları Performansı

21:00

Gezi Parkı

Şehir Tiyatroları Performansı

Akbank Sanat

450 m by walk

Akbank Sanat

450 m by walk

Akbank Sanat

450 m by walk

Harita

SALT Beyoğlu

600 m by walk

Harita

SALT Beyoğlu

600 m by walk

Harita

SALT Beyoğlu

600 m by walk

İstiklal Caddesi

400 m

250 m

Gezi Parkı

İstiklal Caddesi

400 m

250 m

Gezi Parkı

İstiklal Caddesi

400 m

250 m

Gezi Parkı

Kazancı Yokuşu

300 m

Kazancı Yokuşu

300 m

Kazancı Yokuşu

300 m

108


Bridging digital with the physical

In our approach, we would like to connect the historical and hidden layers of Istanbul

with the present through digital interfaces via screens around the square and

also via a mobile application. These interfaces are designed for citizens who wish to

discover the multilayered historical and cultural heritage of Taksim and its surroundings.

Also, citizens can participate in the decision-making process through these screens.

The interface is user-friendly and could be an opportunity to exercise transparency in

administrative procedures.

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Creative Applications

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Let’s plan Taksim all together!


TAKSİM Organic Market

Let’s celebrate New Year!

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