Newslink November 2020

  • No tags were found...

Motor Schools Association of Great Britain membership magazine. Information and news on driver training and testing and road safety issues


The Voice of MSA GB

Issue 334 • November 2020


Graduated driving

licences ditched

We work for all Driver Trainers. Want to join? See pg 46 for a special introductory offer


For all the latest news, see

Changes leave ADIs concerned

as to where axe will fall next

Colin Lilly

Editor, Newslink

I write this editorial at the end of

October. Wales is in a national ‘firebreak’

lockdown, running for 17 days from

October 23, during which time no driver

training or testing can be conducted.

Northern Ireland has suspended driver

training and testing until 13th November,

having only restarted in September.

Scotland’s new ‘five level’ regulations

have brought restrictions back to the

Central Belt covering pubs, restaurants

and meeting others but so far, driver

training has been unaffected. However,

theory tests are apparently impossible to

book anywhere in Scotland.

This all leaves me thinking where a

lockdown in England would take us.

Currently, even those areas under Tier 3

restrictions – and it covers a lot of people

– are not seeing a suspension to driver

training and testing thus far, but could

the country see a similar set of

restrictions to Wales? I hope not.

I have every sympathy for trainers

working under this system, which seems

so fragile. It appears that ADIs in

England and Scotland can work across

tier barriers travelling between tiers 2

and 3. For once perhaps the powers that

be trust us to make our own decisions.

On the subject of a national lockdown I

have to be parochial. For many years I

represented the South West of England

on the MSA GB board and I have to say

that shutting down this region or, indeed,

any other region performing better than

the national average in terms of virus

cases, would be perverse. It would also

be damaging to the economy, let alone

our industry. The national purse is not

bottomless, and it cannot subsidise

lockdowns for ever. We need to keep as

much of the economy as active as

possible, and if that means lighter

restrictions in areas with lower numbers

of Covid-19 cases, so be it.

Away from Covid-19, the big story to

shake driver testing and training has

been the quiet dropping of plans to

introduce graduated licensing. Baroness

Vere announced the decision to the

Transport Select Committee with little

fanfare or pre-publicity.

Several road safety and driver training

organisations have supported the idea of

graduated licences since they were first

suggested. It’s a scheme that has been

adopted by many other countries around

the world. We have waited a long time

Welcome to your

digital, interactive


See a pale blue box in any article

or on an advert? It it contains a

web address or email, it’s

interactive. Just click and it will

take you to the appropriate

web page or email so you can

keep in touch easier.

You’ll also

find these


across the

To get the

full story,

click here

magazine: just click for more

information on any given subject.


Surprise as plans for

graduated licensing

are quietly dropped.

See pg 6

Cover photograph:

Karen MacLeod


The Voice of MSA GB

Issue 334 • November 2020

Graduated driving

licences ditched

We work for a l Driver Trainers. Want to join? See pg 38 for a special introductory o fer

for an announcement on the subject, but

were surprised to hear it had been

shelved. You can find out more as to the

reason why on pg 6, but for now I have

to ask, does this put logbooks and ADI

certification back on the table?

Enjoy reading Newslink.


To comment on this article or any other

issue on driver training and testing,

contact Colin via 01934 514336 or via

Sign up for an MSA GB ‘virtual’ training meeting

Peter Harvey

National Chairman


The current regime of restrictions has

meant that MSA GB has decided to hold

its traditional round of autumn training

seminars and AGMs as virtual meetings

this year. Hopefully by next year things

will be back to nearer normal and we can

return to face-to-face meetings.

All the events below are divided into

areas. To attend you will need an

invitation but all meetings are free. Just

email the address given and you will

receive details of how to log-in before the

appropriate date.

I will attend all of these with the MSA

GB deputy national chairman Geoff Little,

Date Area Time Email to book

November 8 Scotland 11am-1pm

November 9 Western 7pm-8.30pm

November 10 West Midlands & South Wales 7pm-8.30pm

November 12 Eastern 7.30pm-9pm

November 16 North West 7pm-8.30pm

November 17 East Midlands 7pm-8.30pm

November 23 South East 7pm-8.30pm

November 26 Greater London 7pm-8.30pm

and there may be other guests arranged

in your area. Please ask your local

committee for further details. The AGM

for your area will be held at the end of the

meeting to install your committee for the

ensuing year. I hope as many of you as

possible can attend and take the

opportunity to hear what’s going on

around the country and ask any questions

you may have.


Inside this issue






Graduated driving licence

plans dropped

Dismay as minister quietly slips out bad

news during pandemic – page 6

Covid-19 update

No tests in Wales, no theory tests in

Scotland but help for self-employed

nationwide – pages 8-14

Nine make the grade: just

357 to go

DVSA relaxes rules to open waiting

rooms – but only at 9 DTCs – page 12


The Voice of MSA GB

Crash figures down but

concern over cyclists

Road casualty figures for 2019 see KSI

rates holding steady – but cyclists are

increasingly at risk – page 16

Mobile phone law plays

catch-up with technology

Government tries to make sense of

modern mobiles and driving – page 19

Members’ helpline

Accommodating the disabled when the

waiting room is closed – page 23

New hierarchy in Highway

Code revision

Concern that valuable changes will go

ignored by the public – page 29

The Motor Schools Association

of Great Britain Ltd

Head Office:

Chester House,

68 Chestergate,


Cheshire SK11 6DY

T: 01625 664501


Newslink is published monthly on behalf of the MSA

GB and distributed to members and selected

recently qualified ADIs throughout Great Britain by:

Chamber Media Services,

4 Hilton Road, Bramhall, Stockport,

Cheshire SK7 3AG

Editor/Production: Rob Beswick


t: 0161 426 7957

Advertising sales: Colin Regan


t: 01942 537959 / 07871 444922

Views expressed in Newslink are not necessarily

those of the MSA GB or the publishers.

Although every effort is

made to ensure the

accuracy of material

contained within this

publication, neither MSA

GB nor the publishers can

accept any responsibility

for the veracity of claims

made by contributors in

either advertising or

editorial content.

©2020 The Motor Schools

Association of Great

Britain Ltd. Reprinting in

whole or part is forbidden

without express

permission of the editor.

For all the latest news, see



Cardington: End of an era as

DVSA confirms 2021 closure

From airships to driving instructors, with

films and rock stars in between – page 20

Clean air and saving fuel: a

winning partnership

MSA North East’s Mike Yeomans looks at

plans for curbing traffic pollution – page 26

Let’s give the youth – and

ADIs – a chance

End for DVSA testing monopoly? – page 28

Keep in

touch 1

If you have updated your

address, telephone

numbers or changed your email

address recently, please let us

know at head office by emailing

us with your new details and

membership number to

If you can’t find your

membership number, give us a

ring on 01625 664501.

Keep in touch:

Just click on the icon

to go through to the

relevant site




The waiting room debate

East Midlands – page 32

South East – page 33

An example of how a community

can share space

Scotland – page 34

Facemask debate: no clarity still

for instructors

West Midlands – page 36

DTC row over plate makes you

wonder if all on same side

North West – page 38

Meet the ADI

From dairy farm to ADI: Arthur Mynott,

MSA Western – page 44

UK leads way on hazard

perception testing

JellyLearn’s Michael Bennett on the

development of HPT – page 30

Follow MSA GB on social media

Keep in

contact with

the MSA

MSA GB area contacts are

here to answer your

queries and offer any

assistance you need.

Get in touch if you have

any opinions on how MSA

GB is run, or wish to

comment on any issue

affecting the driver

training and testing


n National Chairman:

Peter Harvey MBE

n Deputy National

Chairman: Geoff Little

n Scotland:

Alex Buist

n North East:

Mike Yeomans

n North West:

Graham Clayton

n East Midlands:

Kate Fennelly

n West Midlands:

Geoff Little

n Western:

Arthur Mynott

n Eastern:

Paul Harmes

n Greater London:

Tom Kwok

n South East:

Terry Cummins

n South Wales:

All enquiries to

n Newslink:

All enquiries to or



Shock as Government announces

end to graduated licence plans

The driver training and testing profession

was left shocked last month as the

Government ditched plans to introduce

graduated driving licences for new drivers.

The decision was taken despite

research suggesting it could save lives.

Roads minister Baroness Vere told

MPs on the Commons’ Transport Select

Committee that the Department for

Transport (DfT) is “not progressing work

on graduated driving licences (GDLs)”,

partly due to the potential impact of

restrictions on young people’s employment.

She added that countries which use

GDLs have “massively higher mortality

rates than we do”.

GDLs around the world vary,

from restrictions on carrying

passengers, lower speed and

drink-drive limits and bans on

night-time driving. Often

displaying P-plates is


The DfT announced in 2019

that it was looking at GDLs, news

that was welcomed by road safety

campaigners. Evidence shows GDLs’

introduction at a time when new drivers

are gaining experience driving alone

reduces crash levels, and most within

the driver training profession were

confident some kind of new licence

would be introduced.

But instead Baroness Vere said officials

would focus on the £2 million Driver

2020 study being carried out by

consultancy TRL.

Committee member and Labour MP

Lilian Greenwood told Baroness Vere the

Government’s decision not to go ahead

with GDLs was “incredibly disappointing”.

Citing TRL research stating that GDLs

could save 41 lives and £191 million

each year, she asked the minister: “Isn’t

there a strong case for taking action?”

Baroness Vere replied: “There are

many different things you can do in order

to reduce road traffic


Committee chairman Huw

Merriman pointed out that new

drivers account for 21 per cent of car

drivers killed or seriously injured, despite

making up just seven per cent of licence


MSA GB national chairman Peter

Harvey said the news had come as a

shock. “I am disappointed. The reason

given, that the introduction of GDLs could

impact on young people’s employment,

sounds opportunistic, as if the Government

was looking for a cover story to allow it

to walk away from this plan.

“While MSA GB agrees the Government

should look at every avenue to preserve

employment, we should also take every

opportunity to preserve life.

“There is considerable proof from other

countries that including GDL in the driver

training syllabus reduces casualties.

“We would be very interested to hear

what other ideas Baroness Vere is

Ideas such as P

plates for new

drivers have

been tried in

other parts of the

world with

different degrees

of success

referring to in her submission to the

Transport Select Committee.

“Making obtaining a full licence a little

more challenging or spreading training

over a longer period does not necessarily

mean restricting drivers’ ability to travel

to and from their employment.”

Elizabeth Box, head of research at the

RAC Foundation, was equally surprised

by the news: “Graduated licensing has

been tried and tested across the world.

Its effectiveness in cutting death and

injury associated with young drivers is

not in dispute.

“So, it is hard to understand why

ministers would turn their back on it. The

Government appears to confuse the

imposition of graduated licensing with a

loss of freedom when in fact it is the

opposite. Young people who pass their

test still immediately get almost all the

benefits driving brings, but with

additional protection to gain experience

in those critical first months after going

solo when the risk is at its greatest.”

20mph zone crashes rise as motorists ignore the law

Research conducted on behalf of has found a huge

increase of collisions in 20mph zones,

up 148% in three years.

And it’s hardly surprising, as just 13

per cent of drivers say they adhere to

the speed limit.

There are now more than 10,000

collisions a year in these lower speed


The Department for Transport (DfT)

figures on speeding found 86.88% of

drivers in the UK exceed the speed limit

on 20mph roads, with the average

speed measured at 26mph. The

analysis suggests that, as the number

of 20mph zones increase, so do the

average speeds of motorists using

them. Since 2017, the average speed

of motorcyclists in 20mph zones has

increased from 27mph to 30mph.




Welsh ADIs suspend lessons –

theory test shortage in Scotland

The flurry of restrictions aimed at curbing the spread of coronavirus came thick and fast in the latter half of October. Included

among them were a total ban on driver training and testing in Wales and Northern Ireland, while England and Scotland can still

continue – though problems also exist in those countries. Over the next few pages we have endeavoured to round-up the key

points you need to know, including advice on financial support for the self employed.


All three Tiers currently in place – for Medium, High and Very High numbers of cases of

Covid-19 – allow for driving lessons and testing to continue.

While travel from Tier 3 zones to Tier 2 is described as ‘not advised’, it is acceptable to

move between the two tiers for work purposes. Therefore, if you live in a Tier 3 zone and

wish to collect a pupil from Tier 2, or vica versa, that is okay.

As you will read elsewhere in this issue, wearing facemasks is still not mandatory while

on driving lessons, but in the words of the Government, ‘it could be advised to do so.’

Wearing masks on driving tests is mandatory, therefore the MSA GB would suggest that

not only for your own safety and that of your pupil, but your public image and to help your

pupil get used to driving while wearing a mask, we would encourage mask wearing during

all lessons wherever possible.

While current regulations state that driver training and testing can still take place,

however, this situation may change. As the Government as far as England is concerned is

focused on regional variations, some of which are controlled by metropolitan mayors, it is

not out of the rounds of possibility that some ADIs may find their activities curbed

between now and Christmas.

It is also possible that local DTCs may be forced to suspend testing if they experience

an outbreak of coronavirus in the centre.

It is important that all members keep an eye on the MSA website for notifications as

they happen, at, and the DVSA at


Northern Ireland


The Welsh Government introduced a ‘firebreak’ to help regain control of coronavirus, and this will

run until Monday, November 9. Driving lessons should not take place until this date. Pupils can still

have private practice using their own car as long as they and the supervising driver are from the

same household and it is part of an essential journey.

All driving tests in Wales were suspended at 6pm on October 23 and will restart again on Monday

9 November. This includes ADI part 2 and 3 tests and standards checks.

Everyone with a test booked from Saturday, October 24 until November 7 will be emailed by the

DVSA to inform them of the cancellation and to let them know it will be rescheduled to a new time

and date. If you book tests for your pupils, you will receive an email asking them to reschedule their

test. If the rescheduled test time and date isn’t suitable you can choose a new time and date on

GOV.UK. Your pupil does not need to pay again to do this.

Travelling out of Wales

Pupils and ADIs should not travel out of Wales for a driving lesson or an L-test.

Theory tests

All theory tests were suspended at the same time as L-tests. You/your pupil will need to log into

the service and rearrange their theory test for a new time and date.

Northern Ireland introduced a ‘circuit breaker’ on October 16, to last for at least four weeks.

In that period all driver training and testing is suspended.

It is believed the period of the circuit breaker will be extended by a fortnight, though at the

time of writing that has not been confirmed.



For all the latest news, see

Key sites

See also







The Scottish Government has introduced a five-level

approach to Covid-19 restrictions (see above).

As can be seen, driving lessons will be allowed as long

as the part of the country you live in is not in Tier 4 – the

harshest form of restrictions and akin to the national

UK-wide lockdown which came into force from March 23.

The full document outlining Scotland’s latest rules can

be read at


Theory test centres: No matter where you are in

the UK, it is now compulsory for candidates to

wear a face covering when attending a theory test



Theory tests


General advice


including DVSA Standard

Operating Procedure

Coronavirus (COVID-19):

Conducting ADI Part 3 tests

and standards checks

Driving lessons:

Do you QR?

A number of members have contacted

MSA GB to ask if they need to display an

official NHS Covid-19 QR code, to be

linked to the NHS app which so many

have downloaded.

The simple answer is no; while it is

important that you maintain a log of all

your pupils, just in case you or a student

tests positive with coronavirus, it is not

essential you use the official QR code.

However, as you do have to maintain

customer records, it could be useful to

display a code, perhaps on your glovebox,

and ask pupils to ‘check in’ before each

lesson. It looks professional and shows you

are taking your responsibilities seriously.

Official NHS QR code posters make it

easier for people to check-in via the NHS

Covid-19 app, which many people have

already downloaded. Health Secretary

Matt Hancock said: “It is vital we do all

we can to control the spread of the virus.

Businesses have already stepped up to

ensure they are supporting the NHS Test

and Trace effort, and it is essential contact

logs and displaying NHS QR codes are

mandatory so there is consistency across

the country and the public can seamlessly

provide their details.

“Businesses should record and maintain

contact details logs for customers, visitors

and staff, and they should also download

an official NHS QR code poster, to be

used in conjunction with the NHS app.”

Business Secretary Alok Sharma said:

“With cases on the rise, each and every

one of us needs to play our part to control

the virus and to save lives.

“When someone enters a venue and

scans an official NHS QR code poster, the

venue information will be logged on the

user’s phone. The device will check if

users have been at that location at the

relevant time and if the app finds a

match, users will get an alert

anonymously with advice on what to do

based on the level of risk.”



Scotland’s theory test shortage

threatens to put brake on training

MSA GB members in Scotland are

reporting unprecedented demand for

theory tests which is making it near

impossible for pupils to book a test.

While demand for tests is currently

outstripping capacity in England (testing

in Wales is currently suspended), the

situation in Scotland remains far worse,

with no tests available this side of New

Year, and few in January.

There are a number of reasons for this.

First, as with the other nations, there is

still a huge backlog of tests to clear from

the thousands cancelled during the

national lockdown, from March 23.

Second, the capacity of theory test

centres has been reduced, to allow for

social distancing. In England and Wales

this is set at 1m+ (with face coverings

and proper hygiene measures). However,

in Scotland this is two metres, which has

reduced available capacity still further.

Another driver in Scotland has been

created by the Scottish Government’s

apprenticeship scheme for the logistics

industry; this requires trainees to get a

vocational driving licence, and as such

they need to pass a theory driving test.

Finally, in remote areas of Scotland the

DVSA traditionally uses Mobile Testing

Vehicles (MTV) but these are off the road

at present. It has looked for alternative

venues to provide theory tests

temporarily but the ad hoc sites it

favours tend to be hotels and similar

venues, and many of these have been

closed by the Scottish Government.

The DVSA is aware of the problem and

is working with theory test provider

Pearson to monitor demand and explore

Reminder: This photograph was supplied by the DVSA before Covid-19.

All theory test candidates must now wear a face covering

ways in which it can further expand

capacity in Scotland.

As an example, capacity has recently

extended at Greenock and Clydebank

theory test centres by opening on a

Monday until the end of December,

creating an additional 800 test slots. In

addition the DVSA is looking at setting

up pop-up sites.

To support the Scottish Government’s

apprentice scheme and the logistics

industry, DVSA is also increasing the

number of theory tests available in

Glasgow and surrounding areas.

While MSA GB appreciates the

unprecedented nature of the current

situation, the lack of theory test

availability is starting to have an impact

on ADIs.

Peter Harvey commented: “The

shortage of test slots is hitting pupils and

as a result, their instructors. We are

receiving reports of pupils pausing their

training as they cannot see much point in

continuing unless the prospect of a

theory test in the near future.

“At present, even with the additional

slots the DVSA has created, it is

impossible to book a theory test in

2020, and slots for January are also


“More capacity is needed, and fast.”

DVLA online service speeds up duplicate logbook

The DVLA has made it much easier to get a

duplicate log book (V5C) online by adding the

option to its online service. It is now much

quicker and easier than sending a paper

application, reducing the time it takes to

receive a duplicate log book (V5C) from six

weeks to just five days.

Julie Lennard, DVLA Chief Executive, said:

“DVLA’s new online service to apply for a

duplicate log book is quick and easy to use

and means customers who have

unfortunately either lost or damaged theirs

will receive their new document within a

matter of days”.

Dealers who need to apply for a duplicate

(V5C) log book should go online to https:// It costs £25

for a duplicate log book whether you go

online or apply by post.

The new online service adds to existing

services on GOV.UK including: tell us you’ve

sold a vehicle; apply for, renew or replace a

driving licence; and change the address on

your driving licence.




Nine down, 357 to go

DVSA relents over driving test centre waiting room closures –

but only nine are re-opening in the first wave

After intense pressure from MSA GB and

NASP, the DVSA has set out plans to

re-open driving test centre waiting rooms

– though you are going to be very lucky if

your local centre is one of them.

Just nine DTCs – out of a possible 366

– will have their waiting rooms back for

ADIs only for an initial trial period, after

the DVSA worked with the Health and

Safety Executive (HSE) to see which ones

could be reopened.

None of the nine are in Wales where

driving tests are currently suspended due

to the Government’s firebreak.

In a statement the DVSA said: “It

continues to be our top priority to stop

the spread of Covid-19 and protect you,

your pupils and our examiners.

“We have performed an assessment in

conjunction with the HSE as to which

rooms can be reopened safely.

Unfortunately, we will not be able to

reopen all our test centre waiting rooms

because some of our centres are too

small. So that we can continue to provide

a testing service from some of our centres,

waiting rooms have had to be repurposed

for our own staff to allow them to socially

distance from each other at work.”

The DVSA has promised that this

reassessment will be ongoing, so the

hope is that more DTCs will be added to

this list over the coming weeks.

It will assess how the trial fares across

these test centres and then make a

decision on adding more DTCs – or

curtailing it if it does not work.

The full list on the nine is:

n Alness

n Darlington MPTC

n Chesterfield

n Garretts Green

n Widnes

n Cambridge Brookmount Court

n Gillingham GVTS

n Maidstone

n Swindon MPTC

The DVSA has selected these centres

because they were relatively simple to

make Covid-19 secure. None of the nine

have other local amenities in walking

distance, and they are geographically

spread across England and Scotland.

The latter reason surprised MSA GB,

as few ADIs will travel a great distance

for a driving test just to access a waiting

room. If safety is the first concern, why

the demand for a geographical spread?

Use of the waiting rooms will be

conditional on ADIs:

• wearing face covering at all times

inside the waiting room

• recording a visit by scanning the QR

code to ‘check in’ or recording it on a

paper log provided by the centre

•wiping down touch points when you

Winter’s coming ... HSE, the ball is in your

Rod Came

MSA South East

Driving tests were cancelled from Friday

20 March 2020, as was access to test

centre waiting rooms and toilets. The

L-tests have returned; access to waiting

rooms has not – save for the glorious

nine outlined above.

There has been considerable

representation to DVSA from the ADI

associations about this, backed by

complaints from ADIs who have not had

access to waiting rooms and facilities

throughout the ensuing months. Through

the summer that wasn’t too bad most of

the time but as more test dates became

available, the inconvenience (excuse the

pun) became a problem for many more


Autumn officially began on Tuesday,

September 22 and depending where you

were in the country, the weather began

to deteriorate. The complaints to DVSA

and the Health & Safety Executive

relating to the lack of provision of shelter

for ADIs began to escalate. Just maybe,

that has had an effect.

On October 21, a full seven months

after the beginning of lockdown, DVSA

finally acknowledged that there is a

problem that they should have dealt with

– well, almost realised. They have

announced ‘We understand this is

causing some of you issues, particularly

if your local test centre has no other

local amenities ……. (we) are reviewing

our individual centres to see how some

waiting rooms could be made safely


Don’t hold your breath that the one

nearest you will become available; it is

just one of 366.

Let me digress for a moment: your

pupil is on their test, driving on a main

road at 30/40 mph toward a crossroad.

There is a vehicle in the junction to the

left. Only the bonnet is visible to your

driver and it is creeping forward. Should

your pupil (a) continue at the same

speed (b) speed up (c) slow down (d)

sound their horn?

Without doubt they should slow down,

anticipating the worst case scenario. So

why has DVSA not anticipated the worst

case scenario in relation to

accommodating ADIs relative to

continued social distancing, bad weather,

toilets and waiting rooms? It is not rocket

science. It is called being prepared.

The DVSA announcement gives one

little hope that waiting rooms at many

DTCs will be available in the near future.

Consider the wording – ‘are reviewing’,

‘some waiting rooms’, ‘could be made’.

More conditionals than you can waggle a

stick at.

We should be reading ‘have reviewed’,

‘all waiting rooms’ and ‘have been

made’. The inference that DVSA has only

just started to deal with this obvious

problem beggars belief.

Another point I would make is

contained in these words ‘this is causing

some of you issues particularly if your

local test centre has no other local

amenities’. That’s an understatement if

ever I read one. Why should the local

amenities provide the facilities that a

modern DTC ought to be equipped with



For all the latest news, see

enter the waiting room and as you leave.

Pupils will NOT be allowed in waiting


The decision to look at reopening some

waiting rooms came after a mid-October

change of heart at the agency. After

initially saying that all waiting rooms had

to stay closed for the forseeable time,

challenges made by the driving instructor

groups led to a review of the measures to

ensure social distancing was possible, as

well as which DTCs were using waiting

rooms as examiner office space.

MSA GB national chairman Peter

Harvey commented: “We’re pleased

there is some movement on this issue,

but will keep pressing the DVSA for

more. While some instructors are

fortunate in having other places they can

go while pupils are out on L-tests, such

as local cafes, others are not and are

forced to stand outside in all weathers

awaiting their pupil’s return. While this

was fine during the summer, now we are

in autumn, and with winter approaching,

this is ill advised, impractical or even

impossible in many cases. A more

practical solution needed to be found.”

The Health and Safety Executive has

played a major part in pressing the ADIs’

claims for waiting rooms, and MSA GB

would advise that while this review

process is ongoing, members continue to

keep the pressure up by making their

feeling heard on this issue to the HSE via

workingsafelyenquiries/ ”

Hopefully, this will lead to a more

widespread re-opening of DTC waiting

rooms in the coming months.

court to save the bedraggled ADI

and be made available to the clients? Are

DVSA suggesting that instructors should

go to the local cafe, after years of trying

to get them to go out on test in the back

of their own car?

What justification is there for banning

ADIs from their own cars? Officially it is

to reduce the risk of infection. So what is

the increased risk? Can it be quantified?

If examiners are prepared to sit alongside

five strangers a day, is there an

appreciable increase if another person is

sitting in the back behind the driver of a

well-ventilated car? I think not. It is no

greater than mingling with 50+ people

in a supermarket.

On October 15 DVSA announced

‘Currently all three local alert levels do

not affect our services’. I have not seen

or heard anything indicating that that

has changed. If driving tests can be

safely carried out in areas of very high

risk, surely in areas where the infection

rate is at its lowest the onerous

restrictions on ADIs can be relaxed. If

not, why not?

It is good to see that NASP has taken

the unprecedented step of asking ADIs to

complain directly to the Health and

Safety Executive, presumably on the

basis that hundreds (we can only hope)

of complaints might move HSE to greater

action than just talking to DVSA;

enforcement would seem appropriate.

DVSA has been advised that its failure

to provide accommodation, not just

shelter but warmth as well, is contrary to

legislation. This situation has been

known about for weeks but no action has

been taken to alleviate the suffering of

ADIs left abandoned to the elements.

Note to DVSA: Winter is coming, as it

does each year at this time. That means

it is likely to be even wetter and colder

when outside and exposed to the


How about this for a case study? Terry

(his real name) attended Hastings DTC

with a pupil for a driving test. The pupil

duly went off on their test leaving Terry

to wait at the DTC. On that particular

day the weather was inclement, in fact it

was pouring down and blowing a gale.

There is no shelter from the elements

within the grounds of the DTC and, of

course, no access to the building by

DVSA diktat.

The nearest shelter is the waiting room

at the cemetery about a quarter of a mile

away. It is also the nearest toilet. Not

really ideal for sheltering ADIs.

As a consequent Terry and another

unfortunate ADI got very wet, cold and

miserable, to the extent that Terry had to

go home after the test was completed to

change his clothes. The delay meant he

missed his next lesson.

The next day the same situation

occurred, there being no alternative.

We know how DVSA likes to enforce

the rules when it suits them, but when it

comes to ADIs and their clients they do

not seem to have the same enthusiasm

for complying with legislation.

I urge every ADI to complain directly to

the Health & Safety Executive. It is easy:

go to the HSE website, hit ‘contact HSE’,

then go to ‘working safely enquiry form’.

The more ADIs who complain, the

greater possibility that pressure will be

put on DVSA to provide suitable

protection for visitors to their sites, which

includes ADIs, as required by law.

Go on, do it now.



Rishi dips into the coffers again with

more help for the self employed

The Chancellor of the Exchequer, Rishi

Sunak, has announced the latest round

of help available for self-employed ADIs

forced to stop teaching because of


While at the time of writing driving

lessons were still taking place in England

and Scotland, but not in wales or

Northern Ireland, this situation may

change in what is a fast-moving issue.

We are also very aware that a number

of members have contacted MSA GB to

say they are being forced to shield

because of ongoing health problems, or

have been told to self-isolate after

coming into contact with someone who

has tested positive for Covid-19.

In response to these issues, the

Chancellor has doubled the Self

Employment grant. To be eligible for the

Grant Extension self-employed

individuals, including members of

partnerships, must:

• have been previously eligible for the

Self-Employment Income Support

Scheme first and second grant (although

they do not have to have claimed the

previous grants)

• declare that they intend to continue

to trade and either:

- are currently actively trading but are

impacted by reduced demand due to


- were previously trading but are

temporarily unable to do so due to


The extension will last for six months,

from November 2020 to April 2021.

Grants will be paid in two lump sum

instalments each covering a three-month

period. The first grant will cover a

three-month period from November 1

2020 until January 31 2021. The

Government will provide a taxable grant

covering 40 per cent of average monthly

trading profits, paid out in a single

instalment covering three months’ worth

of profits, and capped at £3,750 in total.

It is broadly the same level of support

for the self-employed as is being

provided for employees through the Job

Support scheme.

The second grant will cover a threemonth

period from 1 February 2021

until 30 April 2021. The Government

will review the level of the second grant

and set this in due course. The grants

are taxable income and subject to NI.

HMRC is updating the details on these

payments all the time.

To get the full story,

more guidance and

advice, click here

Deferred tax option still on table until January

A reminder that all self-employed ADIs

can defer their self assessment payments.

You had the option to defer your second

payment on account if you were:

• registered in the UK for Self

Assessment and

• finding it difficult to make that

payment by 31 July 2020 due to the

impact of coronavirus

You can still pay your deferred July

2020 payment on account any time up to

31 January 2021. There’ll be no interest

or penalty as long as you pay in full by

that date.

You can either pay your deferred July

2020 payment on account in full or in


If you are struggling to pay you can set

up a Time to Pay instalment arrangement.


Late payment penalties are charged

when tax remains unpaid 30 days, 6

months and 12 months after its due date

for payment.

You can avoid them if you enter into a

Time to Pay arrangement before they

become due and you pay all the tax owing

under that arrangement on time.

How to get help

If you cannot pay your Self Assessment

liabilities in full:

You should contact HMRC as soon as

you can if you are unable to pay your Self

Assessment tax.

The agency has said it is determined to

help all customers as much as possible.

Click the banner below for more details.

To get the full story, more

guidance and advice,

click here




Crash figure fall again – but cyclists’

vulnerability on the road exposed

Rob Beswick reviews the

DfT’s latest road casualty

statistics for 2019, and finds

some nuggets of good news

Fatalities in reported road incidents: 2004-2019

A review of Department for Transport

road casualty statistics for 2019 reveals

the number of fatalities on Britain’s roads

continues to fall – though the decrease is

a mere two per cent down on 2018 and

provides continuing evidence that the

country has possibly reached its baseline

as far as road deaths are concerned.

There were 1,752 deaths, with car

users – predictably – the biggest group,

at 736. However, this figure was down

five per cent on 2018 and is the lowest

number ever recorded. Could this be

proof that driver standards are improving

– or is it just better safety devices in cars

keeping people alive? An answer –

possibly – comes later.

Overall, there were 25,945 serious

injuries, and 153,158 casualties of all

severities. This is the lowest level since

1979 when this kind of statistical

evidence was gathered. Accounting for

changes in traffic volume, the rate of

fatalities per billion vehicle miles has

fallen by four per cent, from 5.06 in

2018 to 4.87 fatalities per billion vehicle


So while the news isn’t earthshattering,

there are crumbs of comfort to be found,

and clear evidence that tiny incremental

steps are being taken every year to

reduce casualty rates.

However, not every sector’s casualty

numbers have fallen. For instance, there

has been a growth in pedestrian

fatalities: up three per cent, to 470.

There is no concrete reason given for the

increase – though one has to wonder

whether the propensity for people to

walk down the road staring at their

phones isn’t helping.

Motorcycle deaths continue to raise

concern: despite constituting fewer than

two per cent of the miles travelled, 336

lost their lives. The only good news is

that this figure is down five per cent on


Overall, however, as stated above,

there are positives to take from the stats.

Overall casualties were five per cent


n There were 1,752 deaths

n 25,945 serious injuries were

reported to the police

n Overall, there were 153,158

casualties of all severities

n The rate of fatalities per billion

vehicle miles has fallen by four

per cent in the past year, from

5.06 in 2018 to 4.87 in 2019

n Since 2004, the fatality rate has

nearly halved

lower than in 2018, at 153,158, and to

show how far we have come as a nation

since 2009, that’s a whopping 31 per

cent lower in nine years.

As is usually the case, rural roads are

the most dangerous as far as fatalities

are concerned. Over half take place on

roads designated as ‘rural’ (994 – 57 per

cent of the total), though urban roads

provide the most casualties overall

(96,789, or 63 per cent). Evidence, one

would think, of the importance of the

medical profession’s ‘golden hour’ in

survival rates when traffic incidents occur.

Motorways continue to be, statistically,

the safest roads, and are the site of just

six per cent of all fatalities, despite

carrying 20 per cent of all traffic.

The rise in cycling continues at pace,

up 16 per cent since 2009, and this

increase has seen a rise in cycle

casualties. 100 pedal cyclists died in

2018, up eight per cent on 2009,

though that increase is proportionally

fewer than would be anticipated, and

similar figures for seriously injured and

minor injuries offer some hope that cars,

lorries and cyclists are finding better

ways to share the roads. Overall, cyclist

casualties were down four per cent

between 2018 and 2019.

Looking at the demographics of the

casualties, it is clear more has to be

done to keep young drivers safe, as they

continue to be disproportionately

represented among the fatalities. Young

car drivers aged 17-24 are more likely to

be injured in a road incident than any

other age group, and their casualty rate

per billion miles is nearly twice that of

the 85+ age group – the next highest

age group, as a proportion of miles

travelled. 248 young drivers lost their

lives in 2019, compared with 279 in

2018. This continues a general year-onyear

trend of lessening fatalities that is

slightly ahead of the overall decrease

– even when you have taken into account

the fact that the population in this age

group has reduced in recent years as

birth rates have fallen.

Perhaps understandably, despite the

prevalence of young people in the stats,

older people are still the biggest ‘at risk’

group in terms of deaths per miles

travelled, representing over a third of all

fatalities reported.

Continued on pg 18



For all the latest news, see

Casualty rate per billion passenger miles by road user


n The pattern for pedal cycles is

notable: the overall casualty rate

of 4,891 per billion miles cycled

is close to the motorcycle

casualty rate, but the fatality rate

is closer to that of pedestrians.

n The decrease in risk across all

groups over the past 10 years is

notable but vulnerable groups

are still just that – vulnerable

Fatality rate per billion passenger miles by road user

Casualties by road type

n The majority (57 per cent) of

fatalities occur on rural roads.

n There has been an increase in

road casualties on 20mph roads

– however, these increases are

linked directly to the expansion

of 20mph zones in Great Britain.

European comparisons

n Comparisons across European nations offers an

interesting snapshot of where Great Britain

stands on road safety. As can be seen here, GB

is currently fourth lowest for casualties per

million miles. Reading from left to right, the bar

chart shows:

1. Norway

2. Sweden

3. Switzerland

4. Great Britain

5. Ireland

6. Malta

7. Denmark

8. Luxembourg

9. Germany

10. Spain

11. Finland

12. Netherlands

13. Israel

14. Estonia

15. Slovakia

16. Austria

17. France

18. Slovenia

19. Italy

20. Belgium

21. Czechia

22. Cyprus

23. Portugal

24. Hungary

25. Greece

26. Lithuania

27. Latvia

28. Croatia

29. Poland

30. Serbia

31. Bulgaria

32. Romania



Fatalities stay steady despite

big rise in traffic levels

Continued from page 16

It is easy to assume this is down to

underlying health conditions making

their injuries harder to overcome, rather

than a comment on their driving.

Other interesting takeaways from the

statistics include:

• Traffic volumes are 16.6 per cent

up on 2010

• Relatively low pedal cyclists’

fatalities, as commented on above,

mask a large number of incidents

overall, and they challenge motor

cyclists as the most vulnerable road

group (4,891 casualties per billion

miles travelled against 5,051).

However, there is a huge discrepancy in

the two groups’ fatality rates (29 per

billion miles against 104.9). Reason?

Motorcyclists do it faster.

• The number of pedestrians killed

has remained stable over the past 10

years. This does suggest that the idea

that falls in overall road fatalities are

purely linked to better skills in A&E in

keeping people alive are incorrect.

• Older drivers are beginning to see

their own involvement in fatal incidents

increase: there were 444 people killed

from crashes involving an older driver

(over 65) in 2019, an increase in nine

per cent on 2018.

As overall fatalities are down, this is a

significant rise, and hints that more

work needs to be done to ensure older

drivers remain safe. Over half of the

deaths were not the older drivers

themselves, but other parties.

The population in this age group has

increased by two per cent since 2018

and does partially explain the rise.

• Comparing GB statistics across

Europe reveals the country is the fourth

safest as far as deaths are concerned,

behind Norway, Sweden and


Of countries with more comparable

populations and demographics, Great

Britain’s deaths per million inhabitants

is 40 per cent fewer than its nearest

comparable peer, Germany (22 deaths

per million compared with 36 per


To read the full report

from the Department for

Transport, click here

Fatalities by road user type

Casualties by age band and road user type


n Car occupant fatality rates per million population are particularly high for

17-24 year olds and those aged 75+. Pedestrian rates per million

population are also high for those aged 75+.

n Young car drivers aged 17-24 and car passengers are more likely to be

injured in a road crash than older car drivers and passengers, however

those car drivers aged 80+ are substantially more likely to be injured in a

car crash than car drivers aged 50-74.

n The casualty rate per billion miles travelled for car passengers aged 17-24

is twice that of the 85+ age group.

n There were 287 young people killed in incidents involving a young driver,

down seven per cent on 2018.



Government in bid to bring mobile

phone driving laws up to speed

For all the latest news, see

Colin Lilly

Editor, Newslink

In recent years there has been concern

that legislation on the use of a mobile

phone while driving has not kept pace

with the technical development leading

to the smartphone. The Government is

now planning to deal with this anomaly.

Currently a driver who uses their

mobile phone, hand-held, to

communicate with another person is

subject to a fine of £200 and six points

on their licence. This can lead to a new

driver having their licence revoked.

However, taking photos or videos,

scrolling through a music playlist, games

or re-setting a SatNav while hand-held is

regarded as ‘interactive communication’.

This is regarded as a driving without due

care and attention offence and typically

could lead to a £100 fine and three


The three-point offence may be dealt

with by a driver rehabilitation course.

The Government has now moved to

close this anomaly. Announcing the

change in legislation the Roads Minister

Baroness Vere said: “We are looking to

strengthen the law to make using a

hand-held phone while driving illegal in a

wider range of circumstances.

“It’s distracting and dangerous, and for

too long risky drivers have been able to

escape punishment”

The change will be made after a

12-week consultation

The Government has promised that the

new legislation will take into account

some tasks drivers do with hand-held

phones that are considered safe. As an

example, drivers will still be able to make

payments on their phones at drivethrough

takeaways while the engine is



will also

still be able

to use all the

functions of the

smartphone providing it is not hand-held.

• There has been a sharp rise in

under-25 drivers admitting they use their

mobile phones to surf social media while

behind the wheel.

A survey by the RAC found that one in

five under-25s are using FaceTime,

Snapchat or WhatsApp at the wheel.

Almost one in 10 drivers aged 17-24

say they play games on their phones

while driving.

One respondent named as James said

such behaviour “was normal” among his

peers. “I often take a video call if

someone is calling when I’m behind the

wheel; I don’t think it impairs my



Special feature: Cardington

As reported in the October issue of Newslink, the DVSA has announced plans to stop using Cardington

as its base for training driving examiners and other officials. In future, such training will be undertaken

closer to candidates’ homes, probably through a network of regional centres. Cardington has had a long

and varied history, from airships to Star Wars, with driving examiners somewhere in between.

Here we take a look at what is arguably the centre of British driver testing.

The force ebbs away from

Cardington as DVSA looks

to close its national centre

Cardington began life as far as the

driver training and testing sector

is concerned in 1976, and today

stands at the heart of the DVSA

Training Academy, which is made up of

several regional training centres located

at Glasgow, Manchester, Chelmsford and

Avonmouth as well as the Bedfordshire


The Training Academy is used for

training and developing driving examiners

in all disciplines in the UK. It also provides

training for the armed services, police,

fire services and other organisations who

have the authority to conduct practical

driving tests.

The training centre at Cardington has

moved on a huge amount in the 40+

years it has been in operation. While

originally a spartan experience, with

trainee driving examiners forced to stay

in local B&Bs while they underwent their

training, most of which was conducted in

units that were a hold over from its days

as a military base, today it is home to a

40-room ‘hotel’ which provides quality

accommodation on a full board basis.

The training facilities were also fully

refurbished in 2001, and now include

classrooms, syndicate rooms, a

conference room, a restaurant and a fully

equipped cinema. A fleet of cars,

motorcycles, large goods vehicles and

passenger carrying vehicles is also

available for training purposes.

On average, 100 new entrant driving

examiners are trained each year but this

fluctuates as it is based on operational

demand. The most DVSA trained was

366 in one year, during 2016/17.

The decision to close Cardington

comes as part of a reform of DVSA

strategy. There will be a greater emphasis

on the same training excellence to be

provided regionally, allowing the agency

to cater for needs across the country.

Perhaps key to this is it will give the

DVSA a chance to greatly improve the

work/life balance for those who would

have previously needed to stay away

from home while training to become

either a DE or an SE.

DVSA has no plans to stop offering the

voluntary Special Driving Test, previously

based at Cardington, but the location in

which this can be taken in the future is

yet to be determined. As soon as this has

been confirmed the information will be

updated at

The DVSA is also investing a great

amount of time in ensuring that the

training services it offers in the future

maintain the high standards that are

Cardington’s legacy.

A spokesman for the DVSA added:

“Our move away from Cardington will be

achieved through phases, with a

long-term goal of being able to train

examiners in the area that they will be

working in when successful.”

• Why the reference to ‘the Force’ in

the headline? See the facing page for a

potted history of this star-studded




For all the latest news, see

The ill-fated R 101 was based at

Cardington.... as was the equally

luckless Airlander project (inset)

CARDINGTON lies in Bedfordshire. For

many centuries little more than humble

arable farm land, in 1915 Short Brothers

decided it was the perfect base for its

fledgling airship manufacturing business,

and proceeded to build a 700-ft long

airship hangar – to be known as the No 1


This was big enough for Short to build

Driving examiners, airships and a flying car:

Bedfordshire airbase was home to them all

two rigid airships, the R-31 and the R-32,

for the Admiralty, which at the time

controlled the UK’s flying military arm.

Short also built a housing estate for its

workforce opposite the site, which it

called Shortstown.

The airship site was not to stay in

private hands for long, however, and by

the end of World War 1 was deemed

surplus to requirements by its owners.

However, there was still a hope that

airships could provide a unique military

weapon, and so the Government bought

1960s children’s

classic Chitty Chitty

Bang Bang was

filmed at Cardington.

See pg 22 for details

the site from Shorts in 1919 and

renamed it the Royal Airship Works.

For the next 11 years Cardington was to

be the centre of UK airship research,

design and construction, with its most

famous vessel the R-101. To

accommodate this behemoth Shed No1

was extended before a second shed,

imaginatively named ‘No. 2 shed’

(Southern shed), was erected in 1928.

However, tragedy struck the airfield in

1930 with the loss of the R-101 on its

official maiden voyage when it crashed

into a small hill in France while

experiencing buoyancy difficulties. The

loss of the vessel signalled the end of the

airship programme, and life at Cardington

was put on the backburner again as it

became little more than a storage station

for the RAF.

The imminent threat of war saw a more

hectic pace of life return in 1936 when

the airfield became home to the RAF’s

barrage balloon squadron. As well as

training operators and drivers, the

balloons themselves were manufactured

on site.

By 1943 the need for barrage balloons

had lessened and so another switch in

use took place, this time with Cardington

becoming the home of the RAF

Meteorological research balloons training


This continued for some decades, with

other military uses found for the

Bedfordshire base. ADIs of an older

vintage may recall their own experiences

at RAF Cardington, as in the 1950s,

during National Service, it became one of

the Air Force’s main reception units, and

thousands of raw recruits were sent there

to be issued with their kit.

Continued on page 22


The history of Cardington

From the Paras to the Spice Girls ...

Continued from page 21

There they rubbed shoulders with men

from the Parachute Regiment who were

stationed at Cardington where one of the

hangars housed the balloons from which

trainees made their first drops.

The base had a number of other

military uses around this time: it held

rehearsals for the Royal Tournament,

while Shed No 1 was used by the Royal

Aircraft Establishment to develop and

launch balloons used by the Met Office.

It ceased to have any connection with

the military in 2000 when the RAF

removed the last of its units from the


At this point the two main hangars

were actually outside the perimeter of

RAF Cardington, and they had had their

own varied life. The Driving Standards

Agency had been using the northern part

of the site for many years to train test

examiners and SEs for check tests. Shed

2 became the Fire Research Station, and

conducted gas explosion experiments for

investigating fires, as well as other

full-scale fire testing and research.

Other uses prove just how versatile the

giant hangars were and the possibilities

they offered. Four indoor model aircraft

flying championships, for instance, were

held inside the cavernous space, and it

also proved useful as a filming base for

effects on a host of Hollywood

blockbuster films, as well as a stadiumsized

arena in which top music acts

could rehearse before world tours.

To music first: In 1993 planning

permission was granted for the

construction of theatrical stagings in the

sheds, which were subsequently used

for rehearsals by musicians including Sir

Paul Macartney, the Spice Girls, U2, Rod

Stewart, One Direction, Take That and

AC/DC, all of whom honed their world

tours on a stage erected inside.

The sheds were film stars, too. Well,

not exactly the sheds themselves, but

they played host to special effects teams

on a host of well-known movies, who

used the cavernous space for specialist

sets and blue screen magic.

I’ll bet you’ve seen at least one of the

films shot at Cardington over the years:

Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, Those Magnificent

Men in Their Flying Machines and

– perhaps most appropriately – the 1971

World War One adventure, Zeppelin,

starring Michael York.

But even bigger fish were about to be

landed by the Cardington booking

agents. In 1977 both Sheds 1 and 2

were used by George Lucas while he was

filming Star Wars – and Shed 2 would

be used decades later by the same

director in the same franchise, this time

for the 2016 movie Rogue One: it was

the Yavin base, if you’ve seen the film.

In more recent times Shed 2 has been

used by Warner Bros to house films by

top British director Christopher Nolan,

including Batman Begins, The Dark

Knight and and the final Batman film,

The Dark Knight Rises, as well as

another Nolan classic, Inception.

Others shot there include Pan,

Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find

Them and Justice League.

Finally, the base returned to its original

use in the early 2000s, when new

company Hybrid Air Vehicles used

Cardington as its base for the

development of its hybrid airship, the

Airlander 10.

The DVSA launch party in 2014. Front

and centre are the then Minister for

Road Safety, Stephen Hammond, and

the first chief executive of the combined

agency, Alastair Peoples. You may need

a magnifying glass but there are a few

other familiar faces from the world of

driver testing and training featured on

the photograph.



Members’ helpline

For all the latest news, see

Peter Harvey writes: At MSA GB we are inundated with queries from members, many of which raise

really good points which not only help them but help other members, too. To give you some idea of

the type of correspondence we’ve dealt with recently, here are some recent queries.

Oliur Rahman, MSA South East

I am writing regarding Hastings test

centre waiting room. As you may be

aware, at our test centre we are not

allowed to use the waiting room facility

due to Covid-19. However, next to the

waiting room there is an unused bus

MOT bay/garage. This could be used to

provide at least some shelter to ADIs

waiting for a test to return, if the DVSA


As our national chairman, I urge you

to kindly put this suggestion forward to

DVSA on behalf of all the ADIs in

Hastings. To use this facility, all we need

is the examiner from our test centre to

allow us to open one of the shutters so

we can use it as a awaiting area while

maintaining social distance.

If we can achieve this facility we will

have shelter from the unpleasant weather

and winter that’s soon approaching.

• Peter writes: We have taken up this

suggestion with the local DVSA

manager; we’re currently awaiting a


A Bedford ADI writes: One thing that

hasn’t been given enough thought during

the debate over waiting rooms is how

stopping access to them affects disabled


I am a disabled driving instructor and

have a blue badge on my car. However,

my disability is what they commonly

describe these days as a ‘hidden’

disability, in that I have a bad back

which causes me severe pain if I have to

stand for more than five minutes or walk

more than 100 metres.

This does not in any way cause me a

problem while conducting driving lessons

as I am seated the whole time, but as

you can imagine, I am unable to stand

for the whole 40 minutes or so of a

driving test while my pupil is out and


The test

centre I use is

Cardington in

Bedford. It has a huge waiting area

encompassing a restaurant, lounge area,

bar (yes, where they sell alcohol) and

separate car and motorcycle waiting

areas. The examiners are not using the

waiting area as additional office space.

I can see no reasonable reason why I

nor other instructors cannot wait inside

while the test is carried out! I see this as

discrimination on the grounds of


Please feel free to pass on my

comments as you see fit.

• Peter writes: An excellent point. I

was surprised not to see Cardington on

the list of DTCs where the waiting room

has been reopened. Again, we have

taken up this matter with the DVSA’s


£50 for your fi



@Collingwoodinsurance @Collingwoodins @Collingwoodlearners

Applies to policies from Colllingwood using your referral code only. Referral fees are paid on the inception only, not on additional policies purchased by

existing customers. Policies are sold and referral fees paid subject to eligibility.



Falling theory test pass rate proves

inspiration for a new way to learn

Leading TV broadcaster and

motoring guru James May

talks to Newslink about his

new driving theory app –

‘My Theory Test by James May’

Why did you decide to make a driving

theory app?

I didn’t realise how many people were

failing the theory test. I was alarmed to

discover that it’s more than 50 per cent

of the 1.8 million or so people that take it

every year.

And I thought as somebody who is

known for driving around in cars, and

who is very lucky to be able to drive

around in cars in foreign countries for a

living, I could give something back to the

new motoring community.

The other reason is because I’ve

maintained for a long time that being

good at driving is actually much cooler

than being bad at driving and my

over-riding ambition in life now is to get

to the end of it without running over

anybody or killing anybody in any way

with my car.

The theory exam is quite boring but if

you do it properly and you remember this

stuff, which you should do, because of

the spaced repetition science in our app,

it could actually make you a slightly

better driver.

It doesn’t mean you become a boring

driver or anything like that, it means you

will get to the end of your life without

running over a pedestrian or knocking a


cyclist off, or driving through a shopping

centre. And that’s got to be a good thing


Oh, and finally, I got involved because

Covid has arrested a lot of my TV work

and I quite fancied a motorboat.

I didn’t quite have enough money for

one, so, you know, I joined in with the

app development...!

Did you find any of the questions in the

test difficult?

I’ve been playing with the app

constantly for many months and I’ve

done quite a few mock tests. I think,

while I maintain that about 75 per cent

of it is pretty obvious, I would say the

tricky bits, the bits that would trip me up

are hazard perception and signs about

bicycle routes.

I do ride a lot of bicycles, but I still find

difficulty remembering which ones are

national cycle routes with numbers,

which ones are local, and all the

rest of it.

Also, I ride on the

pavement so it doesn’t


I gather you own a

number of motorbikes.

Do you have any plans

to do a version for


Well, I think it would be

good to do a motorcycle

version. It wouldn’t be

very different,

because most

I’ve maintained for a long time that:

being good at driving is actually much:

cooler than being bad at driving, and:

my over-riding ambition in life now is:

to get to the end of it without running:

over anybody or killing anybody in:

any way with my car ...

of the rules are the same.

All the signs are the same, new ones

don’t appear because you’re riding a


Motorcycle traffic is tiny compared

with car traffic – I think it’s about 1- 1.5

per cent of all the vehicles on UK roads.

But motorcyclists are an elite fraternity

– and they deserve to be served.”

Why does it cost £4.99?

“It’s £4.99 because it was very

expensive to make. It’s not more

expensive than the rival apps, despite

being much better – and to be honest,

you’re going to save a lot of money by

passing first time. Also, I’m very



For more details, see the advert facing

or go to



Special feature

Clean air and saving fuel –

a winning partnership

Mike Yeomans

MSA GB North East

Speed restriction


cameras over the

A63 into Hull

It has been confirmed that the cities of

Bath and Birmingham will bring in Clean

Air zones next year, with Bath’s coming

into force on March 15 and Birmingham’s

June 1. In addition, London’s Ultra Low

Emission Zone will be expanded to

include the North and South Circular

Roads in October.

The Government, working alongside

local authorities, says that clean air

zones are a vital tool to reduce urban

pollution. If your vehicle exceeds

emission standards, you may have to pay

a charge if you drive in a clean air zone.

Every motorist driving into the zones,

which will be clearly marked on roadside

signage, will have to check whether they

must pay a fee to enter. Not paying your

fee beforehand will leave you liable to a

larger fee retrospectively.

There are exemptions in place for

residents living within the zones, but not

for people entering them on business,

unless they can supply an official work


However, while that sounds draconian

and could effectively stop ADIs from

collecting clients from inner city areas or

conducting lessons in busy city centres,

so far, the zones’ impact are likely to be

minor. You can check if you will be

charged at

You’re automatically entitled to a

national exemption, and do not have to

pay a charge, if you have a:

• vehicle that’s ultra low emission

• disabled passenger tax class vehicle

• military vehicle

• historic vehicle

• vehicle retrofitted with technology

accredited by the Clean Vehicle Retrofit

Accreditation Scheme (CVRAS)

Local exemptions also apply.

In the case of Bath, for instance, it

appears that all private cars or

motorbikes are exempt, which targets the

package solely at LGVs/vans. However, a

word of caution: Vehicles that are eligible

for a local exemption or discount in Bath

must be registered with Bath & NE

Somerset Council before the zone is

launched, or at least 14 days ahead of

your journey in the zone.

Local exemptions and discounts will be

managed using Mi-Permit.

After registering, you may be free to

drive in the zone without further action.

However, you may be required to log

each journey you make in the zone for

the discount to apply or for the fee to be

waived. This can be done within the

normal payment window.

In Birmingham, however, private

vehicles are subject to an £8 a day

charge. But again, this charge isn’t quite

all it seems: a quick test of a couple of

cars revealed that you don’t exactly have

to be driving the latest green vehicle to

be exempt.

Picking as an example, a 1.5-litre Ford

Kuga SUV, that is exempt. However, a

2.0-litre S-Max diesel isn’t. Clearly, ADIs

should check their vehicle’s status now

to be ready for the Clean Air Zones

implementation in 2021.

You can find out more about the zone



And at


As you can see from the article, many

cars and motorcycles are not as yet

affected; is this because we are expected

to be going greener with our lower

weighted vehicles powered by electric

and hydrogen power sources, which I am

aware are creeping onto commercial


There are other ‘unintended

consequences’ with these CAZs as

people switch to electric vehicles. For

instance, a local authority where I train

and assess the drivers has engaged in

acquiring electric vans and moving

towards all electric refuse vehicles and

considering short range minibus

replacements with electric. This is

making driver licence issues on weight a

stumbling block for minibus drivers who

use minibuses 3,500kg max mass on

their B licence. Electric vehicles are

much heavier and may exclude the non

D1 driver form using them.

There are other ways to tackle this

issue, however. Speed restrictions can

have a positive effect on fuel

consumption without excessively

affecting travel time and an increase in


For instance, my 15-mile journey into

the office has been altered remarkably in

recent weeks.

I travel along the A63 into the city of

Kingston-upon-Hull. For over 10 miles of

that journey the speed limit has been

reduced from national speed limit to 40

miles per hour, enforced by average

speed cameras. Highways England is

replacing all the central reservation

barriers and improving the lighting over

the mentioned stretch of dual



For all the latest news, see

carriageway, a task that is expected to take

at least seven months.

At first this seemed a recipe for disaster

on my morning and evening commute. I

sourced an alternative route taking about

five minutes longer than usual but with

greater speeds and more challenging

roads. I decided to compare the routes and

was very surprised to find the journey time

using the A63 was only three minutes

longer, despite the speed restriction, and

the fuel saving is remarkable. In fairness I

do drive a hybrid self-charging but without

exaggeration my fuel cost has been

reduced by nearly a third (maybe more).

What is also interesting on my

alternative route is I get a lot of tailgating

from frustrated drivers, all keen to overtake

and brake late, but on the A63 the

separation distances are taken from the

good driving text book, with very little


This may be due to the average speed

cameras but overall it is a nice safe drive

with relaxed drivers no doubt catching up

with the latest news or listening to music

on their commute.

It made me think about the future of a

self-drive car as I have my cruise control

on, following the driver in front with very

little else to do.

I wonder if I am seeing a small glimpse

into the future.

It all makes me a little concerned that if

it was a self-drive, would I be alert enough

to take back control or be too relaxed and

distracted in by driving bubble?

Above, the map showing

Birmingham’s Clean Air Zone and

right, Bath’s. Both zones will be

clearly marked by signage

Leeds drops plans for CAZs: the

work here is done, say councillors

In a surprise U-turn, councillors in the

city of Leeds have decided not to

implement a Clean Air Zone in the


With many businesses under

pressure due to the Covid-19

pandemic, it is believed the thought of

potentially imposing new restrictions

on firms at a potentially ruinous time

was unpalletable.

However, the actions of business in

switching to low-emission vehicles

have also driven the decision.

In a statement the council said

“Leeds’ planned Clean Air Zone is no

longer required thanks to businesses

switching to cleaner vehicles faster

than expected.

“A review has found that more than

90 per cent of buses and 80 per cent

of HGVs driven into the city are Euro

Vi compliant, meaning they have

cleaner engines and wouldn’t have

been charged if a zone had been


“These vehicles emit significantly

fewer emissions than older models,

especially at slower speeds.

“This change has helped reduce

pollution and directly improve air

quality: air pollution on key routes is

below the legal limit and is not likely

to exceed them again – even if traffic

was to return to ‘normal’ levels or be

slightly higher.”

The last comment is a nod to the

impact on air quality of much lower

traffic levels as more people work

from home because of Covid-19.

The council has written to the

Government asking to keep the funds

made available for creating the CAZ in

order to ‘lock in’ the improvements. It

will also maintain the enforcement

camera infrastructure in case air

quality reduces in the future, at which

point the question of whether to

install a CAZ could be reconsidered.



Rod Came

MSA South East

What is life like without a job? I don’t

know, I’ve never been without: I had

part-time work when at school and

walked straight into full-time work when

I finished college.

I have also had a driving licence since

I was 17, which enabled me to easily

travel to work.

These days, with ‘situation vacant’

signs in short supply, it is necessary to

have as many strings to one’s bow as

possible. A good education with GCSE

and A level passes and possibly a degree

are very useful. Experience in a chosen

field can be an advantage, but not

always. Some employers like to train

young recruits from a blank canvas to

initiate them in the company way.

But one qualification most new

workers require is a driving licence.

As of July, 13.4 per cent of under 25

year olds were unemployed; about one in

seven. How depressing. Socially, that is a

real problem because, as we all know,

the Devil makes work for idle hands.

There are too many avenues young

people can venture down which will lead

them into trouble; regular employment

goes some way to keeping them on the

straight and narrow.

Figures show that nearly 25 per cent

of young people work in the wholesale,

retail and transport-related industries.

That is a large number of people. Take

the expanding home delivery sector: the

job itself requires a high degree of fitness

and personal mobility, it is therefore

more suited to the younger generation.

The Government is pushing for more

homes to be built which will involve

many skilled and unskilled workers, who

will ply their trade at different sites over

the course of a year. They have to get to

their current workplace early in the

morning and return home at night. It is

unlikely that public transport will suffice

in that endeavour; they will need to

provide their own transport.

Many self-employed people rely solely

on having their own means of transport.

Plumbers, electricians, window cleaners

to name but a few have to transport their

equipment. A bag of heavy tools does

not sit well on a bicycle.

Young people tend to work in outlets

such as supermarkets and pubs where

they will probably be on shifts, starting


Hands up who

wants to give the

youth a chance?

early or finishing late. Where I live, only

seven miles from Hastings, there is little

public transport available during the

week and none at all in the evenings and

on Sundays; this would not enable them

to get to and from work. Lack of transport

seriously inhibits their chances of


But one qualification alone would help

many of the above people to further their

career and we all know what that is,

don’t we. A driving licence.

A driving licence – wishful thinking in

many cases. ADIs, being on the pointed

end of that process, know that acquiring

a licence is nigh-on impossible these

days, not because their clients are more

difficult to teach, but because of the

administrative hurdles that must be

jumped just to get a test date within a

reasonable time frame and in a location

that is accessible.

For the last accounting year DVSA

provided 1.9 million practical driving

tests – that averages 160,000 each

month. Therefore, during the first five

months of lockdown about 800,000 test

were not available to their customers.

Some tests were provided to essential

workers and for no obvious reason the

pass rate soared from 45/46 per cent to

55 per cent.

Given that those taking their tests had

limited opportunity to hone their skills

because most ADIs were not working

due to the mass hysteria engendered by

the Government, it is nothing short of

amazing that so many were deemed

capable of driving unsupervised. This

tends to suggest that the normal pass

rate is artificially imposed as it has

remained almost static for many years.

The lack of driving tests and the low

pass rate combine to seriously limit the

employment opportunities of many; it is

nothing short of a national scandal.

DVSA, by its inability to provide

practical driving tests, is holding back

the lives of those who are most

vulnerable to the stresses and strains of


For all the latest news, see

unemployment, thus adding to future

problems caused by unsocial behaviour

when people can see no future for themselves,

simply because they cannot get a

driving licence to get to a job of work.

As DVSA is unable to perform its basic

function in relation to driver testing, it is

time for the training experts to step

forward and perform the task for them.

ADIs are quite capable of assessing the

ability of whether a person can drive to a

safe standard, or not yet, so in these

straightened times they should be

authorised to issue driving test passes.

Young people need licences, employers

need staff with licences, the future

self-employed need licences, the country

needs responsible citizens to progress the

fortunes of this nation; all these goals are

being held back by the DVSA.

It really is time for a radical re-think of

the driver testing debacle in which we

find ourselves in, in order to restore to

some semblance of normality to the employment

chances of the next generation. They

should not suffer because of the

incompetence of a government agency.

It may sometimes seem to readers that

I am forever knocking the DVSA; this is

not entirely the case. I am sure that they

have their problems too, but when those

problems interfere with the normal

running of people’s lives it is time to step

back, take a second look, and see where

the system is failing – and failing it is.

That failure affects far too many people

to be brushed aside as an inconvenience;

it is much, much more serious than that,

and deserves to be highlighted.

‘Major effort’ needed to

educate road users

The London Road Safety Council has

warned that without a major effort to

educate road users of all types, any

forthcoming changes to the Highway

Code will have no effect. Their comments

came in response to a Government

review into the Highway Code.

Any review will be pointless,

however, unless the public reads the

new Code, says the LRSC. It is calling

for the DVLA to send notice to drivers,

driving schools and MOT centres,

ensuring all drivers are aware of any

changes made.

It is also calling for:

• New campaigns to address the

lack of knowledge and compliance in

all road users, including pedestrians, in

the changes as well as existing rules

• Additional funding to local

authority ETP sections to help develop

behavioural change on a local level,

and funds for additional enforcement

The Highway Code review is looking

at ways to improve road safety for

cyclists, pedestrians and horse riders.

Plans include the introduction of a

hierarchy of road users to ensure those

who can do the ‘greatest harm’ have

the ‘greatest responsibility’ to reduce

their threat to others.

The LRSC agrees with the hierarchy

– and also agrees with stronger

priorities for pedestrians.

The review also sets out to:

• Clarify existing rules on pedestrian

priority on pavements, to advise that

drivers and riders should give way to

pedestrians crossing or waiting to cross

the road

• Provide guidance on cyclist priority

to advise drivers to give priority top

cyclists at junctions when travelling

straight ahead

• Establish guidance on safe passing

distances and speeds when overtaking

cyclists and horse riders.

New Roadcraft on the streets

TSO and the Police Foundation

have published new versions of

Roadcraft and Motorcycle

Roadcraft, available now from


The new editions of these

‘iconic’ titles have been

developed in consultation with

experts from the police and

other emergency services.

The new versions include a

revised chapter on overtaking

– with separate sections on passing stationary vehicles, single stage overtakes and

multi-stage overtakes – and new explanations of advanced concepts, such as limit

points on left-hand bends.

Rick Muir, director of the Police Foundation, said: “The Roadcraft handbooks

are recognised as providing the very best in driver and rider training for anyone

who wants to take their skills to a higher level. Prepared through extensive

consultation with experts, they will make a significant contribution to improved

road safety and help users become safer and more skilful on the road”

Roadcraft Online contains the same content as the hard copy, as well as a

series of quizzes and video resources designed to ‘bring key concepts to life’. The

e-learning platform also contains videos which demonstrate key manoeuvres.

You can order a copy from the TSO online bookstore, at


Hazard Perception

Europe needs to catch up

and understand value of

hazard perception testing

Michael Bennett of

JellyLearn, the UK company

leading the development

of hazard perception

testing for the DVSA, was

recently interviewed by the

European Driving Instructors

Association, EFA, on how

HPT has developed in the UK,

and how it can help improve

testing across Europe. Here

are his thoughts...

EFA: Can you let us know a little about

JellyLearn’s history, its work with the

DVSA and commitment towards road


JellyLearn was formed in 2014

following the award of the DVSA contract

to develop 130 60-second hazard

perception (HP) clips for the theory test,

to replace the existing video clips.

Since then we have developed a the

HP clips to show different road

environments such as urban, rural,

motorway, with different weather and

night/day time driving conditions.

In total we now have a library of 160

clips, each featuring a different hazard

and many including two. It means the

DVSA now has a comprehensive bank of

clips for its theory test, providing a

unique test to each one of its over two

million candidates each year.

Since 2014 we have used the

knowledge and experience gained from

that project to focus on how we can use

the assets we have developed to produce

other road safety content.

Our commitment to road safety was

confirmed when we announced in 2016

our strategy for the business. Called a

Road Map for Road Safety, it focuses on

delivering high-quality animated road

safety projects for every type of road user,

from children right through to seniors.

The background of our former

business was in producing animated

content for advertising companies and

that has been the platform for us to use

the creative and technical skills of the

company to produce interactive and

engaging content that embeds deep

learning and understanding in what we

produce today.

We have now completed a number of

projects around the world that

demonstrates the benefits of this strategy

and how it helps improve road safety for

every type of road user.

2. EFA, in its driving training matrix,

indicated the hazard perception as a

mandatory topic to raise awareness

while driving. Unfortunately, in Europe,

dynamic hazard perception tests are not

yet widespread. Why do you think this

is the case?

Hazard perception is an evidencebased

solution to reducing driving

accidents among young drivers. The

benefits are very clear from the Cohort

report that the UK Government

commissioned based on the introduction

of HP into the driving test going back to

2002 when it was first introduced.

HP tests are still not widespread and

only two countries in the world have a

high-quality animated HP test: the UK

and Australia. There have been some

countries that have added some

capability in this area to their theory test,

however, it is still not a separate and



For all the latest news, see

unique test that should you fail it, you

will not be allowed to get your driving

licence until you have passed it.

There are other factors differentiating

between the UK and the rest of Europe

that are preventing mass adoption.

First, the way some countries are set

up doesn’t easily support the

implementation of a single solution to be

rolled out nationwide.

Take Germany for instance. It has 16

federal states and each one can make an

independent decision, so you need to

have every one of them agreeing to

introduce a HP test, otherwise it doesn’t

make sense.

Second, some countries have different

approaches to driver training. For

example, in Portugal it is mandatory that

every driver completes 28 theory classes

which is very different to the UK model

where you don’t have to do this.

What you teach young drivers at this

stage can embed valuable learning skills,

however, if you are not testing these as

part of a driver licensing programme, then

how do you measure their effectiveness?

Three, the quality of training material

differs widely from country to country,

What danger? An

LGV hits a hidden

deep water hazard

– just one of



library of HPT clips

where driving schools have different

views on what constitutes a hazard and

often the technology used for any footage

is that of a dash cam or some form of

animation (gaming) tool.

Using this type of technology doesn’t

allow you to produce and recreate

challenging and hazardous situations

because of the risks involved, so by their

very nature the content is very generic.

Finally, from discussions we have had

with road safety professionals across

Europe, there doesn’t appear to be any

research into how accident statistics,

especially those involving fatalities for

each country, have been used to develop

appropriate content to avoid a repeat of

these crashes.

Again, this means that the content can

be very generic and doesn’t support

some of the learning required for hazards

that lead to fatalities on the roads.

3. What common strategy do you think

EFA and JellyLearn can work together

on in the near future?

The EU is very supportive of hazard

perception testing, however, it cannot

make it mandatory that every country in

the EU implements HP testing as part of

a driver licensing programme.

I believe the best strategy would be

that countries throughout the EU start to

embed HP clips in their training material

so every candidate can get the same

learning experiences.

This should improve their awareness of

what constitutes a hazard on the road

and what corrective action would need to

be taken to avoid the hazard.

In order to achieve this I would

propose that the EFA establishes a

working group of members and jointly,

using our experience of producing HP

clips, we produce a comprehensive set of

clips that everyone can use in their

training material, whether it is used

in-house or delivered at the roadside.

If all EFA member driving schools were

using the clips this could perhaps help

support the EU in investing in projects

that support testing of young drivers

throughout the EU and ultimately make

all the roads a safer place to drive.

This initiative could be funded by a

small increment to EFA member fees

which would provide an ongoing service

where further clips can be produced and

any key legislative requirements be

updated in the clips.

A recent example in the UK was that

all motorcycles must now drive with their

headlights on and we had to update the

clips, which is a relatively simple

process. The link below shows a number

of examples of UK and EU road hazards

that we have developed over the years.



To see more JellyLearn

HP clips, click here


Regional News

Softies or toughies?

Russell Jones, Editor

MSA GB East Midlands,

takes a different view of

the waiting room saga

How many ADIs are unable to cope with

arduous weather conditions when

banned from entering driving test centres

due to Covid-19 restrictions?

There is so much whingeing going on

in both print and social media forums,

with a significant number citing their

own underlying medical ailments as a

reason (excuse?); why can’t they ‘tough it

out’ for some 40 minutes or so while

their candidate completes a driving test?

Naturally, there will be some ADIs who

are real ‘toughies’ and without so much

as a whimper, ‘improvise, adapt, and

overcome’, the difficulty. David Beckett, a

veteran ADI with the Grantham Region

Instructors Network (GRIN) being an

excellent example, as demonstrated

wrapped up in his ‘winter warfare gear’.

(see photograph).

Though he claims to be ‘Freezing

one’s bits off,’ he still puts a smile on his

face. One advantage David has over

many others is that he was well trained

to deal with arduous conditions during

his armed forces service, with several

years’ experience of competing in the

RAF Skiing Championships in the Alps,

and where he continues his adventures

each winter. Good CPD, I do believe.

As for myself, well, during many skiing

expeditions to Norway where

temperatures were a steady minus 40

degrees with the wind chill factor, it was

troublesome when the ice broke and we

found ourselves waist deep in very cold

water. Of course, being miles from

civilisation there was no chance of

telephoning the HSE for advice, so we

had to ‘tough it out’.

That was easy because we were highly

trained, very well equipped, extremely

well motivated – being all volunteers,

and capable of applying, ‘mind over

matter’. No surrendering or whimpering.

Every autumn my training car is loaded

with a ‘get us home survival kit’. This

year, because of the unusual

circumstances which the country is in, I

have packed a few extra Mars bars. So,

whatever resolution is found with the

ongoing discussions between the DVSA,

DfT, HSE and NASP, we are just going to

have to grin and bear it, I guess. No

other options are currently available and

surrendering would be embarrassing.

But more importantly, our customers

expect us to deliver what they are paying

for. Most ADIs will not let them down.

A flash of brilliance at DVSA...

Visualise the imaginary telephone

conversation taking place first thing

tomorrow morning, between the CEO at

the DVSA, Gareth Llewellyn, and General

Nick Carter, Chief of the Defence Staff.

Gaz: ‘Hello General Nick, we have a

temporary problem with providing shelter

for ADIs at our driving test centres. Can

you provide a couple of hundred field

tents that we could use?

Nick: ‘Well, of course we can, Gaz. I

will issue the orders immediately, with

the added instruction that if they are not

with you by 5pm today I want to know

why not, and then the officer who failed

Toughing it out and ready for

anything: David Beckett

the mission will be collecting their P45 a

few minutes later.

Gaz: ‘Gosh, that’s wonderful service,

Nick, I wish my staff could respond so

quickly to such problem solving.’’

Nick: ‘Leadership, Gaz old boy, it’s

what we military do quite well. Can I

lend you a couple of Lance Corporals to

give you some guidance in the matter?’.

Gaz: ‘Many thanks Nick, but I think we

will continue to bumble along as we are.’

Plan B

If the country goes into another lock

down, how many ADIs have a Plan B to

enable them to survive through the

winter? If anybody has some good ideas

forward them to me and I’ll publish them.

Cursory research within the Greater

Nottingham area reveals that at least

nine ADIs have looked for new careers

since Covid-19 came on the scene, and

at least two have taken early retirement.

Are these figures replicated elsewhere

in the country?

20 is plenty, and speeding towards stale green

20 mph zones are springing up everywhere,

and there are ADIs complaining that they

‘can’t cope’ with such slow speeds, especially

when other motorists, ‘express their

displeasure’ with inappropriate behaviour

such as sounding vehicle horns, rude hand

gesturing and erratic driving manoeuvres in

close proximity to learner drivers.

Oh dear, a change of career beckons,


Speeding towards ‘stale green’

A recent social media video showed a

driving test candidate heading for a set of

‘stale green’ traffic lights some considerable

distance ahead of them. The driver

accelerated from 22mph to 26 mph and I’m

sure you can guess what happened next.

The candidate felt hard done by, and the ADI

appeared confused and had not noticed the

cause for the outcome of the test.

Let’s be blunt: who on earth increases

speed as they approach ‘stale green’ traffic

lights? It is one of the cardinal sins of

motoring, and if the candidate’s ADI is

confused, I think most would recommend

that a dose of CPD is in order!


To comment on this article, or provide

updates from your area, contact

Russell on



Waiting room debate needs

to focus on vulnerable ADIs

For all the latest news, see

Fenella Wheeler

MSA GB South East

And so it comes to that time of year

again, when the Annual General Meeting

season is upon us!

Along with the rest of the MSA GB

community, the South East Region is

holding its AGM via Zoom. It’s on

Monday, November 23, from 7pm until

8.30pm. In attendance will be the

National Chairman Peter Harvey MBE

and Deputy Chairman, Geoff Little. We

are hoping for a DVSA representative to

be present and have also invited our local

MPs along.

Places are limited, so please email me,

Nell Wheeler, or our regional Chairman,

Terry Cummins. My address is below and

Terry’s can be found on page 3.

I think that one of the main topics this

year has got to be waiting rooms. I have

seen a number of ADIs on social media

saying things like ‘Stop whingeing, get an

umbrella, go for a walk’.

That’s all well and good until you take

into account the number of elderly,

disabled and vulnerable ADIs across the

country. I

am disabled and walk with two sticks

if I have to go further than from my car to

the front door. As a result, I don’t own an

umbrella (can’t hold it!) and I can’t walk

very far even with my sticks. I am also

unable stand for very long.

I have a chair in the boot of my car and

this worked very well for the tests my

students had on the sunny days.

Unfortunately, I now have a number of

students with tests coming up over the

next few weeks with the weather

becoming ever more inclement.

One of the things we can all do to

highlight this problem is to email the

Health and Safety Executive as per the

email sent out by NASP.

Follow this link to add your voice:


To finish, I would like to wish you all

well, and stay safe on the roads. I look

forward to seeing some of you at the



Fenella ‘Nell’ Wheeler can be contacted


or via 07464 595913

Western heads to Zoom-land for AGM

Arthur Mynott

MSA GB Western

Hello everyone, I hope you are all safe

and well.

You may have seen in the News

Bulletin over the summer that I had

arranged a regional seminar and AGM for

the MSA GB Western Region, for

Monday November 9. Sadly, I’m sure not

to your surprise, due to Government

restrictions this can no longer take place

as planned on a face-to-face basis.

However, we have now changed it to a

virtual conference which will now take

place via Zoom on the same date, starting

at 7pm and running until around 9pm.

(please connect 10 minutes before to

ensure a good connection).

I have asked for a representative from

the DVSA to give a presentation but have,

as yet not had confirmation. Our National

Chairman, Peter Harvey, will be joining

us, however, and will, I’m sure, fill us all

in as to how the future of our industry

looks regarding the DVSA and any

forthcoming changes.

Over the last few months Peter has held

many Zoom meetings with local instructor

organisations and has proved to be a

wealth of information, answering many

questions for all that attend.

Also joining us and giving a

presentation will be Martin Leather from

Driving School Development which

promises to be of great use to our driving


The Western AGM will be conducted at

the end of the meeting to install the

committee for the ensuing year.

If you wish to attend, to book a place,

please email me at arthur_mynott@ and I will send you an invite a

few days before.

This will also be a chance to speak to

fellow ADIs in what is sometimes, a very

lonely occupation and discuss the issues

that are bedevilling us all at the moment.

I’m sure the problems you are facing are

similar to the ones others struggle with,

and some of your colleagues could have

the answers you are looking for

I hope you can join us on November 9;

I’m looking forward to seeing you.

Arthur Mynott. ADI.


MSA GB Western

• Want to learn a little more about

Arthur? He is the subject of our ‘Meet

the ADI’ spot. See pg 44


Regional News

Covid confusion – and an example of

how society can learn to share space

Karen MacLeod

MSA GB Scotland

The Scottish Government has changed

the rules again due to the spread of

Covid-19 and the resulting strain it is

putting the NHS under.

It’s understandable, at times, to not

always remember what the changes are!

I’m struggling at times to remember all

the changes – and to understand why

restaurants which have spent thousands

on screens between seats and PPE have

had to close, yet I’ve passed cafes where

people are crammed in. I can only say

there didn’t seem to be as good a

measure of social distancing.

Why were these restaurants not

allowed to stay open and serve food but

not alcohol? Everyone is trying to get

their business back on track then they

are knocked back down again.

There are discrepancies around the

rules elsewhere, too. One of the biggest

transport unions is not allowing work

colleagues to van share, which means

they are not allowing driver trainers to

train new recruits or help advise drivers

who have been in an accident.

Yet other companies are allowing driver

trainers to continue, while as we know

driving lessons have resumed.

It is a complete minefield for everyone

and I can only hope that some kind of

normality will resume at least sometime

next year!

My biggest concern at the moment is

that there is not a theory test to be had

in Scotland. I can’t even get any dates for

next year! Is anyone else having the

same problem?

I hope everyone guessed the photo in

last month’s issue. I had a great deal of

pleasure in following the railway, which I

think is all freight. The commuter line is

a Skytrain. I stayed very near a track in

Vancouver and when the train came to a

crossing it gave two long whistles, one

short whistle followed by one long

whistle. If you look at the photos here

you can see how close the train passes

to pedestrians, and there are no barriers

across the roads. Can you imagine what

that would be like in Britain! Yet I never

once witnessed any chancers from

pedestrians or drivers; everyone treated

each other with total respect.

I know there are a lot of complaints

about the noise of trains, but I found out

that by alleviating highway gridlock,

using less fuel and reducing greenhouse

gas emissions, rail provides the

affordable, efficient and environmentally,

responsible transportation solution we all


The trains are four times more

fuel-efficient than trucks and have 75 per

cent fewer Green House Gas emissions. I

got this information from the Association

of American Railroads (AAR); I am

currently reading a 122-page document

detailing all the above, very fascinating.

I wish everyone good health and

please keep safe over the coming



Shared space? Free

and easy access to

the freight railway

line – but Canadians

seem to handle their

close proximity to

the tracks with


To comment on this article, or provide

updates, contact Karen at

Tel: 01505 850358

Mob: 07815774089



For all the latest news, see

Zoom along to Scotland seminar and AGM

Hello everyone, my name is Alex Buist,

Chairman of MSA Scotland.

I was delighted to be elected to the

position of chairman at the STS last

year. I had some good plans for what

we could do and was really looking

forward to pursuing them in

2020, but sadly, they’ve all

had to be put on hold while

we get to grips with

Covid-19. What a year

it’s been!

We had planned to

hold our Scottish

Training Seminar at a

new venue this year,

however, it was not to be,

and we’re not able to hold a

face-to-face meeting this year.

However, we are holding a virtual

Scotland Training Seminar on Sunday,

November 8th via the Zoom platform.

The meeting will start at 11am and

should last no more than two hours. It

will include guest speakers to be

confirmed and Peter Harvey, the MSA

GB national chairman.

If you would like to attend please

send your name and email address

to me at

You will then be sent

details relating to joining

instructions for the


For those who have

never attended our

Scotland Training Seminars

they are a great opportunity

for you to catch up with what’s

going on in the profession – and at

the moment, that’s a lot! – and meet

other instructors, though this year you

will be doing it all from the comfort of

your own home, and at no cost.

Join the meeting and hopefully learn

what the industry intends to do for the

rest of the year and what the DVSA has


We will end the day with our Annual

General Meeting, at which we will elect

our officers for the next 12 months.

So take note and send the email. I

hope to see you on the day. This

meeting is for all driver trainers; if you

have a friend within the profession who

would like to attend, include their name

and email address when you book and

we will also send them a link.

Alex Buist

Chairman, MSA GB Scotland

• You can also contact Karen MacLeod

to attend, and for more details, at

Tel: 01505 850358

Mob: 07815774089

To get the

full story,

click here

The right way

to curb wrong

way drivers?

While I was in Canada, writes Karen

MacLeod, I also came across some road

signs that could be useful in the UK, such

as the ‘No entry and Wrong Way’ signs

marking the entry to major highways.

Perhaps if we used these in the UK we’d

avoid those dreadful incidents where people

go the wrong way up or down slip roads on

motorways/dual carriageways.

This sign? It’s a mystery....

MSA GB Scotland editor Karen MacLeod spotted this road sign (above)

while on holiday in Canada this summer. It’s not a sign that you see in

the UK – so what does it signify? See pg 44 for the answer


Regional News

When you can, do, but we’re not telling you

to: more vague messages on facemasks

Terry Pearce

MSA West Midlands

Hopefully, you have all received an email

from our Regional Chairman, Geoff Little,

about our annual training day. If not,

these are the details.

As you may anticipate, we cannot hold

the traditional-style meeting, so we are

holding a virtual meeting instead. There

will be a comprehensive industry update

and plenty of opportunities to ask any

questions you may have.

We will hold our AGM at the end of the

meeting to elect our committee for the

ensuing year.

The meeting will take place on

Tuesday, November 10 from 7pm until

around 8.30pm.

This meeting is free to attend but you

have to pre-book. To join the meeting,

just drop Geoff Little an email

at and he will

send you a joining link nearer the event.

We hope you can join us for this

meeting, and you are very welcome to

invite any non-member. Just give Geoff

their email at the same time as you book

and he will also send them a link.

If you would like more information,

send Geoff Little an email or call him, on

07770 725436.

Following on from my article in last

month’s Newslink, about the requirement

for ADIs to wear facemasks, my local MP

Taiwo Owatemi eventually received a

reply from the Department of Health and

Social Care on my behalf.

The key point she drew my attention to

was one particular point in which the

reply says the wearing of face masks

during driving lessons ‘could be

considered’ under those areas where

face coverings are required.

This is an extract from the reply.

“The Government has published

guidance on face coverings, explaining

what the coverings are, their role in

reducing the transmission of Covid-19,

the settings in which they are

recommended, and how they should be

safely used and stored.

“The guidance states that, in England,

people must wear a face covering that

covers their mouth and nose in several

public indoor settings, including:

• public transport

• shops and supermarkets

• premises providing professional,

legal or financial services

• visitor attractions and entertainment

venues and

• community centres and social clubs

“This can include during driving

lessons. (our emphasis)

“Detailed guidance on driving lessons

and tests during COVID-19 can be found

at by searching for

‘coronavirus : driving tests’.

“The full list of public settings requiring

face coverings, can be found at

uk by searching for ‘face coverings’.

How vague! Does ‘can’ mean we have

to or just could? As suggested, I searched


If train stations are

happy to welcome

us into their

waiting rooms

when there is a

far greater footfall

there than in a

driving test centre,

why cannot the

DVSA open theirs?


face coverings, which specifically

mentions many occupations where you

should wear a face covering but there

was no mention of driving instructors


Why can’t the government just be

positive and state we must?

Another problem we have are test

centre waiting rooms. I saw this notice

(above) on a railway station waiting

room. If they are happy to welcome us

into their waiting rooms when there is a

far greater footfall than a driving test

centre, why cannot the DVSA open


They can make the rules and insist we

wear face coverings, or are they simply

happy to see us all get hyperthermia?


To comment on this article, or provide

updates from your area, contact

Terry at



For all the latest news, see

Guy Annan

MSA Western

Have you come across a Parallel Crossing during your

lessons? They are what used to be (unofficially) called Tiger

Crossings, and they combine a pedestrian zebra with

a crossing for people on cycles.

They were initially called Tiger because early versions had

yellow stripes on black tarmac. This colour combination was

trialled back in 2007 in Aylesbury but was later replaced by

a Toucan Crossing. The new crossing gives cyclists the same

priority as pedestrians on the adapted zebra.

This unusual crossing has appeared in Taunton at

Blackbrook Way for anyone who knows the area (above).

Cyclists must dismount to use pedestrian

crossings. Bicycles, since they are considered ‘vehicles,’ are

subject to the same rules as other drivers; they are

not always granted the right of way.

The original pedestrian crossings (later called Zebra

crossings after their stripes were added) were originally

introduced in law in Britain by section 18 of the Road Traffic

act 1934.

Although the origin of the Zebra title is disputed, it is

generally attributed to British MP James Callaghan who, in

1948, visited the Transport and Road Research Laboratory

which was working on a new idea for safe pedestrian

crossings. On being shown a black and white design,

Callaghan is said to have remarked that it resembled a


After isolated experiments, the zebra crossing was first

used at 1,000 sites in the United Kingdom in 1949 in its

original form of alternating strips of blue and yellow. They

were introduced nationally in 1951.

A new type

of crossing

Lancashire enforcement

campaign proves a success

A Lancashire Police road safety campaign held in support of

Project EDWARD led to more than 450 motoring offences being


As we reported in the MSA Bulletin over the summer, the

enforcement campaign (September 7-25) focused on key

locations across the county, identified by both officers and

members of the public.

Across the three weeks, police motorcyclists, using both

marked and unmarked bikes, detected 448 offences including:

• 154 speed offences

• 136 seat belt offences

• 22 mobile phone offences

Meanwhile, there were another 100 prosecutions for offences

such as illegal number plates, tinted windows and no insurance.

Chief inspector Sue Bushell, head of Lancashire Police

Unarmed Tac Ops, said: “We will continue to enforce the law

among motorists who choose every day to make decisions that

could lead to death and injury on our roads.

“Many of the offences detected during this operation will be

dealt with in court and other offenders will be offered

educational courses.

“Speeding makes up the majority of offences detected in this

time and I’d like to remind the public that despite lockdown and

a change in traffic volume, the speed limits are the same.

“Sadly, our officers are too well aware of the devastating

consequences caused to families and communities by road

traffic collisions and we work all year to make our roads safer.”

* Project Edward stands for Every Day Without a Road Death

It is road safety campaign which aims to cut to zero all

deaths on the roads

An ADI adventure in

the Arabian Gulf

Would you like a new career opportunity in driver training in

another part of the world?

A training organisation is seeking ADIs to deliver up-skilling

training to instructors in Saudi Arabia. They are particularly

looking for female ADIs due to local regulations, though male

ADIs are also required.

Initially the work will take place over a 3-6 month period.

If you are interested, please contact Ian Littlefield at for further details.

Ian Littlefield is a former MSA GB member and has worked

successfully in the Arabian Gulf for several years.

He informs me that the Covid situation is less severe there

and that restrictions are therefore lighter than in the UK.


Regional News

Does your tuition car sport

trendy ‘Gel-style’ embossed

3D plates? Then a word to the

wise, says John Lomas,

MSA GB North West

Plate row makes you wonder

whether we’re all on same side

I Do Not Believe It!

I recently received an email from a

North West member which brought out

the Victor Meldrew in me.

I will let the member tell the story. I

have been asked to just refer to them as

‘A member’ which, after reading the tale,

I am sure you will understand.

I’ve had the most traumatic incident

today at a driving test centre. I

rarely stray from my local test

centre, but in these strange times, and

following DVSA advice, I have one or two

customers whose tests were cancelled

during the main lockdown and found that

test slots in my usual centre were not

available, so, following DVSA advice,

booked in a different area.

I had a test this morning. We arrived

five minutes before, as per instructions,

and reversed parked into correct bay.

Another test returned soon after we

arrived and the examiner who left that

car seemed to take a great interest in my

car, in particularly its number plate,

which is a cherished plate.

A few moments after that examiner

went back into the office a different

examiner came out and had a good look

at the front number plate. He totally

ignored myself and my pupil and duly

returned to the office. Our time to start

the test came and went. Five minutes

later a different examiner came out,

walked over and said to me, “Your

number plates are illegal!”

Having had my car for two years with

the same number plates on, bought from

a reputable firm, I am confident that they

are indeed legal, so I asked the examiner

to explain what they meant.

His reply: “You are wrong, they are

definitely illegal and you could be

prosecuted, but if you think they are ok,

we can call the police and let them see


I replied that I was okay with him to

do that. I’ve had them for quite some

time and had had no issues on L-tests

before. He returned to the office and

about 30 seconds later he and the

examiner who first took an interest in my

car came back out. The other examiner

was very pompous and spoke to me as if

I was a naughty schoolboy. He warned

me that he would ask the police to

prosecute me, and said that I was being

foolish in going down that route.

He was amazed, he said, that as an

ADI I would have an illegal number

plate; I should know better.

As you can appreciate this incident

was very distressing. It took place in

front of my pupil and two other ADIs who

both said, in the examiners’ absence, that

they could see nothing wrong with my

plates. One added that the examiner who

had first looked was a ‘jobsworth’.

The examiner who had broken the

news that my plates were an issue

suggested they provide me with proof

and an explanation of why they thought

they were illegal, which I was eager to

see and hear. They went away again and

brought a piece of paper that laid out

their view of the rules. Where my driving

school name is there should be details of

the plate supplier, and the BS mark

should be in black writing on the bottom

right. When I pointed out that the plates

had the info required they said, ‘But your

letters and numbers are also illegal, as

they are raised from the plate.’

I explained that the gel numbers were

advertised as being legal and are all the

correct size, spacing and font.

The examiners’ reply: “Well we’re not

accepting this, as they are illegal.”

I was in a state of shock and tried to

calm my pupil, who by now was in tears.

I’ve spoken to the company who

produced the plates, who insist they are

legal. I have looked online about gel

lettering and can find no evidence of

them being illegal. I paid quite a lot of

money for these; I would never put an

illegal plate on a car.

Now, while I would immediately and

happily change them if the laws

changed, I am left with a pupil who was

not allowed to take their test, lost the

test fee and has no prospect of taking

their L-test in the foreseeable future.

I’m looking for some help and advice

to get my customer a replacement test

slot in the near future. I think this

decision is a disgrace. I was treated like

a criminal and they were not customer

friendly at all.

It crossed my mind whether they saw

me as an outsider as I don’t frequent

their centre normally, and they saw my

personal plate as something they

don’t approve of, so they were

determined to turn me away...

To facing page



For all the latest news, see

DVLA? Not quite, so watch it

I’m sure, like me, you receive a

flurry of scam emails every day,

enticing you to spend your cash

on dodgy products, receive

ill-gotten gains or just take

advantage of the windfall of the

century, says John Lomas.

Most can be dismissed

immediately as fakes as they are

such poor quality, but this one

(left) came through to me

recently that made me look

twice. It was claiming to be from

the DVLA and everything about it

smacked of authenticity – apart

from the email address it came

from, which was postmaster @

yazom.comz (which you only

noticed once you’d got past the

legit sounding ‘payment @ dvla.’.)

A word of warning, then: watch

out for this particularly

convincing scam.

John Lomas writes: On reading that

account you can see why I was so cross.

However, there is something of a happy

ending, after the ADI got back in touch...

A couple of days after the incident I

decided to contact the test centre

manager. He was really nice but as

he was only in the role temporarily, he told

me he’d get someone else to call me back.

Fortunately, the person who called was

equally helpful, and was shocked to hear

what had happened at the centre.

He said that he also had similar

‘cherished’ plates, also with gel lettering,

so was rather taken aback to hear about

my test being refused.

Having heard the story he said he

wouldn’t pass judgement there and then,

and asked me to send him my photos, and

an email I’d received from the number

plate supplier (who was livid with the

news), showing their BS accreditation and

confirming that the plates made up for me

were perfectly legal.

The next day I was contacted again by

the test centre manager to say that he was

more than happy that my plates are legal,

and that he wanted to make the situation

right for me and my pupil.

He offered to find us a test slot at my

usual centre if we wished, but as it’s not in

his area, we would have to go through the

booking system, or he would conduct the

test himself at his centre.

We have opted to do the L-test at his

centre as it was sooner.

He was very accommodating and offered

a number of options when the test could

take place. He wouldn’t comment on what

the examiners had said, but I hope it has

dealt with internally.

I’m still reeling at the idiocy of the

incident, and there’s a part of me that

thinks for some reason, someone was

determined to find something, anything to

use in order to not take my car out on test.

My pupil wondered whether they had

seen my local dialling code number and

decided that, because I was coming from

an area in the country that has very high

Covid cases, they didn’t fancy getting in

the car with someone from our area.

I suppose we will never know!

North West Regional

ZOoooOM Seminar

We have booked Monday, November

17, 7pm to 8.30pm for our online

MSA GB North West Seminar and


North West members will receive

an email inviting you to express an

interest in joining the meeting, and

once you’ve responded the log-in

details will be sent to you just before

the meeting.

If you know of any non-members

who are interested in A) attending

the meeting or B) joining MSA GB,

please also send their contact details

so that they can also receive their

personal invitation.

The meeting will include a

presentation from Peter Harvey and

Geoff Little, MSA GB National

Chairman and Deputy Chairman, the

North West regional reports and the

election of regional officers and

committee for the ensuing year.

2020: Another

test oddity?

There has been a report from

Blackburn that a driving test was

refused recently because of some

pavement/road dirt on the carpets.

Now, I don’t care how well your car

has been cleaned, I challenge you to

avoid picking up some detritus on

your shoes when walking

round from the driver’s seat to get in

the left-hand one when you pick

up the pupil.

The pupil will also have

some dirt on their shoes from

walking out to your car.

Are we now expected to

carry a portable vacuum

cleaner with which you can re-clean

the mats after arriving at the test

centre? But then again, are you

permitted to arrive at the centre early

enough to do that?

Do you also need to carry a door

mat so that anyone getting in the car

can brush the soles of their shoes

before doing so?

If so, how do you then stow it in

the boot? Just wondering!


To comment on this article, or provide

updates, contact John at


Technical briefing

MSA GB Western’s Guy Annan looks at the history of daytime running lights, and ask whether

enough motorists understand why they are there, and whether their presence only on the front

of cars causes confusion and negates their safety purposes

Running free

Daytime running lights – what are they?

Put simply, they are lower wattage lights

to help drivers be seen but not to help

them to see. However, many drivers are

unaware that cars do not have daytime

running lights at the rear!

They are compulsory for new cars sold

after February 2011 in Europe but only

for the front lights.

This absence at the rear often goes

unnoticed, however. Some falsely believe

they do not need to have their main

lights on in dull weather because they

think they have daytime running lights

front and rear.

Volvo originally started incorporating

daytime running lights around 1974

when the 240 model was launched.

These were 21w front lights, proper

daytime running lights, while the side

light were only 3w, but at least you had

lights all round.


Shining a light on the issue...

Yet the ‘modern’ Volvo (since 2010),

with the latest day running lights, does

not have any rear lights!

Car manufacturers began to use bright

LED DRLs and it soon became a craze,

often being incorporated into the styling

of the vehicle.

Many people see these bright LEDs

and forget that they are front showing

only, not a side light. This becomes the

biggest problem, with people often

forgetting they are not displaying rear

lights, along with the problem of people

who never switch their lights on, just

leaving them on AUTO, unaware of

whether their lights have come on or if

they are indeed showing rear lights.

That’s why it is a good idea for owners

of all modern cars to check their vehicle

to see if they have daytime running lights

at the rear, and if not, to use their dipped

main lights when required.

Here are some good ideas for our technological age...

n Headlights and taillights that turn on automatically at dusk.

n Dashboards and gauges that stay dark during the day.

n Tail lights that come on when daytime running lights are on.

n A dashboard warning light or sound that signals when headlights are off at night.

n So why don’t tail lights just stay on all the time?

While DRLs are clearly bringing a very

valuable safety benefit to the UK’s roads,

it would be good for every driver to take

just a few minutes to make sure they

know whether the vehicles they drive

have them or not and if they do, then

check to see if they have them at the

rear as well as the front.

This way those that do not have them

at the back will be far more likely, in poor

daylight visibility, to switch on their

dipped lights to make their vehicle more

easily seen from behind.

Having your headlights on during these

periods can make it infinitely easier to

spot oncoming traffic and any other cars

around you. Even though it’s the

daytime, headlights that are more easily

visible by other drivers can prevent

a collision, especially when going into a

shaded area.

Why do people lack the common sense

to turn their lights on during reduced


The reason is that we’ve come to rely

on technology and common sense isn’t

so common anymore. I was always

taught – ‘wipers on, lights on!’

A friend of mine had a 1995 Volvo

which had sidelights illuminated all

round instead of DRLs. After 19 years

and 185,000 miles he had to replace


For all the latest news, see

one of the bulbs for the first time. It had

‘made in France’ stamped on it. The

replacement is from China; I wonder if

it’ll last another 19 years?

It is common sense but if common

sense were so common, people wouldn’t

keep making these mistakes.

Canada made automatic daytime

running lights mandatory on new

vehicles built after December 1, 1989.

Studies had shown that front lights

reduced collisions because they made

oncoming vehicles more easily seen –

from as far as a kilometre away – by

drivers, pedestrians and cyclists.

But those studies also found that

daytime rear and side lights did not

make a significant difference to the

number of crashes, mainly because they

are not bright enough to be seen from a

distance during the day.

Transport Canada says: “Even if those

daytime tail lights were brighter, cars

travelling at normal speeds can see

vehicles in front of them in plenty of time

– from about 150 metres away – to

avoid a rear end collision during the


Volvo is an exception. If lights are set

to auto, then the tail lights will come on

with the front DRL. Also, when in auto

mode, the car will switch off the DRLs

when it gets dark, and switch on dip/

main beam subject to any light input.

For 30 years it has been recommended

that drivers turn on low beams during

the day, even if they have DRLs.

While front DRLs make cars more

visible from the front and reduce

head-on collisions, there is a dark side,

because those lights are only in front,

you do not get any added visibility from

the rear.

With 33 per cent of crashes being

rear-enders, having your taillights on

makes you more visible to the other

vehicles around you, especially as it

starts to get dark.

The idea that tail lights ‘desensitise’

drivers to brake lights is indeed “an old

wives’ tale.” - Fleet Trainer

Editor’s note – Sweden changed from

driving on the left to the right on 3

September 1967. Drivers were required

to use lights dipped headlights during

the day. This was to remind pedestrians

that vehicles will be initially approaching

from the left, hence no need show lights

at rear.

Domestic car manufacturers Volvo and

Saab began to build this automatic

system into their vehicles. This was later

adopted in a wider market.

‘First-of-its-kind’ assisted driver

grading system launched

A new grading system has been

launched to help drivers better

understand autonomous emergency

driving and other assisted driving

features on modern cars.

The ‘first-of-its-kind’ system has been

launched by Thatcham Research and

Euro NCAP in response to the

“dangerous misconception” that

motorists can purchase a self-driving

car today.

A grading of very good, good,

moderate or entry is awarded to cars

– depending on their performance

during a number of tests.

Cars are marked on three criteria:

vehicle assistance (how effective the

systems are), driver engagement

(whether the car assesses if the driver

is still in control of the vehicle) and

safety back-up (whether or not the car

protects the driver in the event of an


One system that’s assessed is

Highway Assist. The feature uses

Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) and

Lane Centering (LC) technology to help

drivers maintain a steady speed and

keep a safe distance from other cars

when driving on a motorway.

Thatcham Research warns there is

“significant potential for car makers to

overstate the capability of their current

assisted driving technology and for

motorists to misuse it.”

Matthew Avery, Thatcham’s director

of research, said: “The systems that are

currently allowed on our roads are

Driver lane assist is one of systems graded in the new test

there to assist the driver – but do not

replace them. Unfortunately, there are

motorists who believe that they can

purchase a self-driving car today.

“This is a dangerous misconception

that sees too much control handed to

vehicles that are not ready to cope with

all situations.”

After the first set of assessments,

three cars were awarded a ‘very good’

grading – including the Mercedes GLE,

which topped the scoring with 174.

The BMW 3 Series (172) and Audi Q8

(162) were also given the top ranking.

Meanwhile, while the Tesla Model 3

was the best for vehicle assistance and

safety back-up, the all-electric car lost

points for overselling its ‘Autopilot’

system, which was found to discourage

drivers from engaging when behind the


This saw it awarded a score of 131

and a grading of ‘moderate’.

Mr Avery added: “The first batch of

results show some car makers have

developed robust assisted driving

systems and that’s good to see. But

there are also significant gaps in

capability on other vehicles.”

“Clarity is therefore required to make

sure drivers understand the capability

and performance of current assisted


“It’s crucial today’s technology is

adopted safely before we take the next

step on the road to automation. There

are safety and insurance implications

that must be considered seriously.”



Clio’s back with a bang

New version’s a triumph as Clio

rolls back the years to the days

when it was the supermini

The Renault Clio – the supermini of the

90s – came back to us with a bang in

2019 in its latest version.

Developed alongside alliance partner

Nissan and sharing much of its

architecture with the Micra, the Clio

remains, however, unmistakably Renault,

with the comforting, large company

diamond adorning the centre of the grille

and rear boot lid. Smooth, flowing lines

race from bonnet to boot with no

extrusions to

increase drag; even the rear door

handles are sunk into the C pillar to

give a Coupé look to proceedings.

It’s shape and styling is both elegant and

dynamic, and looks perfect for the city

– but there’s more to this little beauty

than just an urban cruiser.

Inside, the cabin is comfortable and

beautifully made. There’s soft-touch grey,

chrome and black plastics of a superior

quality, while the dash is dominated by

either a 7” or 9.3” touchscreen,

depending on model purchased, to relay

crucial data and infotainment. It offers

crystal-clear graphics with a simple to

use operation that’s streets ahead of rival

superminis. More important, it utilises

Renault’s ‘Smart Cockpit’ strategy that

makes it easier and safer to use on the


Best of all for the hard-working ADI,

there’s plenty of room. Getting

comfortable is easy for even the shortest

or tallest of pupils, with good rake on

front seat movement to bring the steering

wheel nicely to hand. Seating is firm,

providing good support for back and legs,

and adjustable head rests offer both

further support and security.

You’re in your office so around you

you’ll find a decent-sized glove box, large

front door pockets and storage under the

central armrest: a good spot for the

phone and key card. Renault has even

squeezed in a couple of cup holders.

All-in-all, as spacious a supermini

cockpit as you’ll find, with a touch of

refinement that smacks of a higher class

of vehicle.

The Clio stands on an all-new platform

that’s based on Renault’s CMF-B

architecture. It delivers outstanding

safety credentials, driving refinement and

energy efficiency, ticking the boxes for

forward-thinking ADIs. It also makes it

immense fun to drive. The peppy TCe

100 power unit delivers enough poke at

low speeds to keep up with traffic on the

urban run. CO 2

starts from 99g/km*,

with combined fuel consumption on the

Iconic SCe 75, 52.3mpg*. The Play Blue

dCi 85 increases this to 67.2mpg*

Further options ideal for ADIs would

include the TCe 130 – as above but with

more power on tap and a better match

for long distance lessons – while the Blue

dCi 85 diesel is capable of 75mpg+ * .

Brakes are sharp while gear change

through the manual box is precise, with

an engine note that just touches on the

insistent as you work your way through

the gears. The steering wheel is chunky

and comforting.

Even the entry model – designated as

‘Play’ – offers an impressive equipment

list. A number of advanced driver

assistance systems are fitted as standard,

Clio keypoints

n Free metallic paint #

n Free He-Man dual controls #

n Five-year manufacturer’s warranty

n Auto Express Small Car

of the Year 2020


Business users only. Order from 2nd

October to 15th December 2020 and

register by 31st March 2021. T&Cs Apply.

Participating dealers only.


including lane departure warnings, lane

keep assist and active emergency

braking. I know some instructors shudder

at their intrusion but teaching pupils

systems they’ll find on cars they will

ultimately buy and drive is part and

parcel of the job, and if we’re not going

to teach them how to use the modern

tech on cars, who is? The dealer?

Other takeaways: prices start from

£15,895 MRRP for the Play, which is a

steal with this amount of quality on

display. All-round views are excellent to

front and side, but the small stature and

sharp rear makes the reversing view a

little constrained. Model tested was the

Iconic and I’d look at this as my starting

point; it comes with the 7” multimedia

screen and options for the Parking Pack

- I’d say a must-have, these days.

Insurance groupings are 10 ** until you

hit boy racer level, and VED in year one

ranges from £130-£170.

Servicing levels are kept low by the

reassurance of a five-year/100,000-mile

(whichever comes sooner)

manufacturer’s warranty. ***

For ADIs, Renault adds free metallic

paint to give your Clio that lustrous edge,

and He-Man dual controls. ****


WLTP Figures for comparability purposes


Renault UK Ltd does not provide financial or

tax advice; please seek independent counsel


Exclusions apply. Visit


Business users only. Order from 2nd October

to 15th December 2020 and register by 31st

March 2021. T&Cs Apply. Participating dealers

only. Visit



For all the latest news, see

The future is here -

the future is Zoe

ADIs’ bread and butter are young

learners, and coincidentally,

nowhere in the UK will you find

more enthusiastic environmentalists

than in that same demographic

– just ask Greta Thunberg. So if you want

to appeal to this eco-concerned market,

how best can you give your driving

school an edge and show that you too

are ditching the old carbon-obsessed

ways and help embrace a new cleaner

future? Step forward, electric cars, and in

this case, the Renault Zoe.

Renault lays claim to be Europe’s

number one electric vehicle specialist,

and when you consider the options it

offers, from supermini to large van, you

can see why. Key among the options that

are driving the transition from ICE to

electric vehicle (EV) is the Zoe. First

launched in 2013 when electrics

remained a novelty act, it was designed

as a standalone vehicle, not an EV option

that was a bolt-on to an existing model.

As a result it is designed from the wheels

up to perform as an electric without a

feeling of being an after thought – and

this shows when compared to rivals.

The latest version busts the EV sector

wide open, combining the type of range

ADIs will demand with great style,

comfort and performance. It’s also

affordable to run and comes backed by a

comprehensive car and battery warranty

(five years and eight, respectively) * and

for ADIs, a free electric charging Wall

Box ** for the home. More on that later.

The key point, however, is that the Zoe

looks as normal a city car as you could

get. Stand it next to its sister the Clio and

you can see the family resemblance. A

deep bonnet edged in chrome is finished

off with a large Renault logo – but this is

more than a finishing aesthetic touch, as

it hides the electric charging point.

Pronounced fog lights and a wider, lower

grille offer a surprisingly muscular look to

the rear, dragging the nose down with a

touch of sporting menace, before the

smooth sculpted body flows aeroynamically

to the sharply cut off rear.

Inside it’s comfortable. Visibility is

good all round, better than you’d expect

to the rear, and the dash-mounted 9.3”

touchscreen, standard from GT Line, is

clear and easy to use. There is some

office storage – glove box, space between

seats and front door pockets – but it isn’t

stunning, though excellent head and leg

room make up for any limitations and

make for a comfortable drive.

The key thing on the Zoe is the drive.

The electric motor allied to an auto box

delivers instant power on tap, with

245Nm of torque, and you’ll soon be

cruising effortlessly through the streets

on a taut chassis that reveals an impish

side while delivering a solidity to reassure

the most timid of drivers. Handling is

brisk and sharp, and the ride is so

Zoe keypoints

n Free metallic paint****

n Free He-Man dual controls****

n Wall Box included & FOC

driving controls **

n Range up to 245-miles

n Five-year manufacturer warranty

and eight-year warranty on battery

More details – see


refined it feels more like an executive

cruiser than a supermini. It’s also

breathtakingly quiet – at times, eerily so.

No more asking pupils to listen to the

engine note!

And then we come to the power unit.

Be gone, fuel stations and petrol price

blues. The Zoe has a 52kWh battery that

comes with an up to 245-mile range *** ,

and while real-life driving may nudge

that down somewhat, a recent test over

a week of urban, rural and motorway

driving saw an average of 210+ miles

– or in other words, more than enough

for a day’s tuition, with some miles to

spare. A free wall box ** means a quick

plug-in when you get home will see it

fully charged within hours and an

optional rapid charger can take this from

zero to 80 per cent in just over an hour,

if you so wish. Worried about where in

the middle of the day? There are now an

incredible 30,000 charging points

scattered around the UK, and EV apps

on your phone will soon point you to the

nearest one.

The cost? From just 3p per mile. # As

an ADI, for whom fuel costs are a huge

factor, that will see a full recharge

coming in at around the cost of a single

gallon at today’s prices.

And with more cities planning to

introduce charging zones, which could

ultimately see ICE cars either banned or,

more likely, priced out of the city centre,

the Zoe keeps you ahead of the

legislators too – as well as in Greta’s

good books.


The sooner of 100,000 miles or 5 years.

Exclusions apply; visit


Subject to eligibility. See

electric-vehicles/zoe/battery.html for full terms.

*** Play R110 up to 245 miles. WLTP figures

for comparability purposes. Figures obtained

after the battery was fully charged. Actual

real-world driving results may vary. For details



Business users only. Order from 2nd October

to 15th December 2020 and register by 31st

March 2021. T&Cs Apply. Participating dealers

only. Visit


Based on 9.25 hours of 14.4p per kWh

(Source: UK Power). Full recharge of the 52kW

battery. (As at October 2020)


Meet the ADI

Continuing our series of Q&As with MSA GB members,

this month, MSA Western Chairman Arthur Mynott

A gap in the market

convinced herdsman

to swap cows for cars

1. When did you become an ADI, and

what made you enter the profession?

I started training to become an ADI in

2002 and eventually qualified in June

2004, juggling training with my full-time

job as a herdsman on a dairy farm (a job

I had done since leaving agricultural

college in 1977). I was getting

disillusioned with my work, getting up at

3.30 every morning, working in all

weathers, etc, but did not know what I

was going to do instead. I had a word

with my boss who obviously didn’t want

me to go but understood why. I was 43

and didn’t fancy milking cows for the rest

of my life. A few weeks later I saw an

advert to train to become a driving

instructor. At the time, I was looking for

an instructor to teach one of my sons but

none would travel to our house in the



middle of Exmoor. My thoughts were that

I could fill this gap and the rest, as they

say, is history!!

2. What’s the best bit about the job?

The bits I like most is the joy on the

faces of pupils I’ve taught when they

pass their test, especially the ones I’ve

taught from scratch who didn’t even have

a clue which pedal was which!

3… And the worst?

The worst bits I find is when someone

cancels a lesson or wants to change it

and I’m busy reorganising lessons.

4. What’s the best piece of training

advice you were ever given?

‘Never put yourself in danger’. If the

pupil starts to proceed but it is not safe,

Arthur proudly holds the MSA Member

of the Year trophy, awarded to him in

2016 for his service to the association

or you can’t see it’s safe, stop them.

5. What one piece of kit, other than

your car and phone, could you not do


The best bit of kit other than my car or

phone are six laminated road plans I use

of junctions and roundabouts along with

my toy cars!

6. What needs fixing most urgently in

driving generally?

The attitudes of a lot of other drivers.

Many seem to be in a great hurry

nowadays, never leaving enough time for

their journey. Someone one told me

about the ‘Jekyll and Drive’ motorists.

They’re the nicest people you could wish

to meet but once they get behind a

driving wheel they change completely!

7. What should the DVSA focus on?

How they treat instructors. They

regulate us and test us and can stop us

from working, but give us very little help

along the way.

KAREN’S MYSTERY SIGN: Confused by the sign on pg 35?

It is a mandatory sign that says any traffic turning right must give way to

cyclists on the cycle lane. The black diamond shows a specified lane.

8. What’s the next big thing that’s going

to transform driver training/testing? And

Electric cars – yes or no? And why?

I think the next big thing to transform

our industry is there will be fewer

manual tests and more automatic ones

due to the advent of electric cars.

I think electric cars are a good thing for

the future of our planet and future


For all the latest news, see

What keeps me awake at

night? Organising the next

day... have I forgotten to

message someone back about

their lesson, have I organised

so and so, what should I take

for lunch tomorrow ...?


9. How can we improve driver testing/

training in one move?

Making it compulsory that each pupil

must have at least a set amount of hours

with an ADI before their first test. It

could be regulated via a Log Book type


10. Who/what inspires you, drives you


The thing that drives me on in this job

is the feeling I get when the pupil gets

their licence. The joy on their face makes

it all worthwhile.

11. What keeps you awake at night?

Thinking that I’ve forgotten to message

someone back about their lesson, have I

organised so and so, what should I take

for lunch tomorrow – and have I left

enough time to eat it!

12. No one is the finished article. What

do you do to keep on top of the game?

I use our association for information. I

belong to a couple of Facebook groups

plus keep in touch with local ADIs.

13. What’s the daftest /most dangerous

thing that’s ever happened to you while


Being overtaken when a vehicle was

approaching and having to stop really

quickly. Luckily, dashcam footage

captured it and the offending driver had

his car crushed (apparently it was a

‘cloned’ car!)

14. When or where are you happiest?

I’m at my happiest when, at the end of

a lesson, the pupil has really learned and

understood a new subject and ‘nailed it’!

15. If you had to pick one book/film/

album that inspires, entertains or moves

you, what would it be?

The one film that really entertains me

every time I watch it is Les Miserables. I

even have the songs playing in my car

when suitable.


Grangemouth DTC

The DVSA is opening a new

driving test centre in Grangemouth,

and the first day of testing will be

November 9.

The address is: Unit 7, Grangemouth

Business Centre, 3 Roseland

Hall, Grangemouth FK3 8WJ

Crawley theory test

The theory test centre in Crawley

is relocating to a new site. The last

day of testing at Belgrave House

will be Wednesday, December 2,

after which tests will recommence

from Monday, December 14 at 77

Victoria Road, Horley, Surrey RH6


Hereford DTC

The driving test centre at Plough

Lane in Hereford will close on

December 23 after the landlord

served notice for DVSA to leave the

current site. The agency is looking

to source a new site in the town

and will inform ADIs shortly.

Reading theory test

The theory test centre in Reading

has relocated to a new site, away

from Havell House. Testing at the

new site beings on Tuesday,

November 3 from: First floor,

Greyfriars Gate, Greyfriars Road,

Reading, Berkshire RG1 1NU

Scotland relocations

A number of driving test centres

in Scotland have been temporarily

closed to help maintain physical

distancing during the Covid-19


The driving test centres at

Buckie, Huntly, Gairloch, Kyle of

Lochalsh and Ullapool are affected.

The new temporary addresses

for the new DTCs are:

Buckie Driving Test Centre,

Buckie Swimming Pool and Fitness

Centre, South Pringle Street,

Buckie AB56 1PZ

Huntly Driving Test Centre,

Deans Shortbread, Depot Road,

Huntly AB54 8JX

Gairloch Driving Test Centre,

Gale Centre, Achtercairn IV12 2BH

Kyle of Lochalsh

Royal Mail Sorting Office, Main

Street, Kyle of Lochalsh IV40 8AA

Ullapool Driving Test Centre,

Church of Scotland Mill Street

Ullapool IV26 2XF

Montrose, Golspie DTCs

Montrose and Golspie driving

test centres are temporarily

relocating as both are based in fire

stations, which are closed to visitors

to prevent the spread of Covid-19.

Montrose is moving to

Mesh Global, Brent Avenue,

Montrose DD10 9PB

Golspie is moving to VGES, Alba

House, Main Street Golspie KW10


Stornoway LGV

Stornoway LGV Driving Test

Centre has temporarily relocated to

Amity House, Stornoway Port

Authority, Esplanade Quay,

Stornoway HS1 2XS

Isle of Islay theory test

The theory test centre in the Isle of

Islay is relocating to a new site

from November 7.

The new centre will be based at

the Gaelic Centre, Garnatra,

Bowmore Islay PA43 7LN

Kelso DTC

Kelso driving test centre is

temporarily relocating due to the

Covid-19 pandemic, as it is based

at Tait Hall, which has had to be

closed to help maintain social


Until DVSA is able to reopen the

test centre at Tait Hall, driving

tests will be carried out from the

town’s Land Rover dealership


Testing will resume from the

temporary location at the Land

Rover Garage from November 18.

The new centre’s address is

Lloyd Land Rover Garage,

Pinnaclehill Industrial Estate, Lee

Forbes Way, Kelso, Roxburghshire

TD5 8DW.

• MSA GB’s website will update

test changes through the month, at



Welcome new ADIs

We’ve a special introductory offer for you!

Congratulations on passing your Part 3

and becoming an ADI.

There’s an exciting career open to you

from today. It’s one that is alive with

possibilities as you build your skills, your

client base and your income.

But for all the excitement, it can also be a

challenging profession. Who can you turn

to if you’re struggling to get over key

driver training issues to a pupil? Where

can you go to soak up advice from more

experienced ADIs? Who will help you if

you are caught up in a dispute with the

DVSA? If the worst happens, who can you

turn to for help, advice and to fight your


The answer is the Motor Schools

Association of Great Britain – MSA GB

for short.

We are the most senior association

representing driving instructors in Great

Britain. Establised in 1935 when the first

driving test was introduced, MSA GB has

been working tirelessly ever since on

behalf of ordinary rank and file ADIs.

We represent your interests and your

views in the corridors of power, holding

regular meetings with senior officials

from the DVSA and the

Department for Transport to

make sure the ADIs’ voice is


We’d like you to join us

We’re there to support you

every step of the way. Our

office-based staff are there,

five days a week, from

9am-5.30pm, ready to answer your call

and help you in any way.

In addition our network of experienced

office holders and regional officers can

offer advice over the phone or by email.

But membership of the MSA doesn’t just

mean we’re there for you if you’re in

trouble. We also offer a

nationwide network of regular

meetings, seminars and

training events, an Annual

Conference, and a chance

to participate in MSA GB

affairs through our

democratic structure

In addition, you’ll get a free

link to our membership magazine

Newslink every month, with all the latest

news, views, comment and advice you’ll

need to become a successful driving


You’ll also automatically receive

professional indemnity insurance worth

up to £5m and £10m public liability

insurance free of charge.

This is essential legal protection covering

you against legal claims ariving from your


So join us today and save £25

including the first year’s joining

fee: just £60 for 12 months.


Join MSA GB today!

and save yourself £25

Call 0800 0265986 quoting discount code

Newslink, or join online at


for 12 months

£60 membership


For all the latest news, see

Members’ discounts and benefits

MSA GB has organised a number of exclusive discounts and offers for members. More details can be found

on our website at To access these benefits, simply log in and click on the Member

discount logo, then click the link at the bottom of the page to allow you to obtain your special discounts.

Please note, non-members will be required to join the association first. Terms and conditions apply


MSA’s Recommended

Accountancy Service, FBTC

offers a specialist service for

driving instructors. It has been

established over 20 years ago

and covers the whole of the UK. The team

takes pride in providing unlimited advice

and support to ensure the completion of

your tax return is hassle free, giving you

peace of mind.

MSA OFFER:: FBTC will prepare you for

Making Tax Digital and will be providing

HMRC compliant software to all clients

very soon. Join now to receive three

months free.


IAM RoadSmart, the UK’s

largest road safety charity,

is proud to partner with the

Motor Schools Association GB

in order to work together to make our roads

safer through driver skills and knowledge


MSA OFFER:: Enjoy a 20% saving on our

Advanced Driver Course for MSA members.


Easy-to-use bookkeeping & tax

spreadsheets designed specifically for

driving instructors. It will reduce the time

you need to spend on record-keeping.

Simply enter details of your fee income and

expenses throughout the year and your

trading profit, tax & national insurance

liability are automatically calculated.

MSA OFFER:: We’re proud to offer all MSA

GB members 25% discount.


Mandles’ handmade scented collections

use quality ingredients to

ensure superior scent throw

from all its candles and

diffusers. Check our our

website for further details.

MSA OFFER:: Special discount

of 20% on all car air fresheners and refills.

To get the full story of

the discounts available,



MSA and SumUp believe in

supporting motor vehicle

trainers of all shapes and sizes.

Together we are on a mission to

ease the operational workload of our

members by providing them with the ability to

take card payments on-the-go or in their

respective training centREs. SumUp readers

are durable and user-friendly. Their paperless

onboarding is quick and efficient. Moreover,

their offer comes with no monthly

subscription, no contractual agreement, no

support fees, no hidden fees – just the one-off

cost for the reader coupled with lowest on the

market transaction fee.

MSA OFFER:: We are offering MSA GB

members discounted 3G reader.


As part of its new relationship with MSA GB,

Tri-Coaching is delighted to offer a massive

20% discount across the board

on all our training products and

courses, exclusively to MSA


MSA OFFER: 20% off all

Tri-Coaching courses.


Driving shouldn’t just be a privilege for people

without disabilities; it should be accessible for

all and there’s never been an easier time to

make this the case! MSA GB members can

take advantage of BAS’s Driving

Instructor Packages which

include a range of adaptations

at a discounted price, suitable

for teaching disabled learner


MSA OFFER: Special Driving

Instructor Packages for MSA members.


The Motor Schools Association of

Great Britain has agreed with

HMCA to offer discounted

rates for medical plans, dental

plan, hospital cash plans,

personal accident plan, travel

plan, income protection and vehicle

breakdown products.

MSA OFFER: HMCA only offer medical plans

to membership groups and can offer up to a

40% discount off the underwriter’s standard

rates. This is a comprehensive plan which

provides generous cash benefits for surgery

and other charges.


Help your pupils private

practice by signing them up

to Collingwood’s instructor

affiliate programme.

MSA OFFER:: £50 for your first

referral and a chance to win £100 of High

Street vouchers!


Effective PPE (Personal

Protective Equipment) is

vital to provide the protection

your workforce requires in

order to work safely and ensure

that all employment laws are complied with.

MSA OFFER:: 15% offer for MSA members.


Driving Instructor Services offers call

handing, web design, reports and pupil

text reminders, to name a few

of our services.

MSA OFFER:: Free trial

of all our services and 10%

discount for the life of your

MSA membership.


Confident Drivers has the only

website created especially

for drivers offering eight

different psychological

techniques commonly used

to reduce stress and nerves.

MSA OFFER: One month free on a monthly

subscription plan using coupon code.


Go Roadie provides students

when they need them, with

all the details you need

before you accept. Control

your own pricing, discounts

and set your availability to suit you. Full

diary? No cost!

MSA OFFER: Introductory offer of 50% off

the first three students they accept.


VRedestein’s impressive range

of tyres includes the awardwinning

Quatrac 5 and the

new Quatrac Pro – offering

year-round safety and


MSA OFFER: 10% discount on purchases

across our tyre ranges. 47

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines