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THE<br />

JANUARY 2021 $6.95<br />


STamp Collecting<br />


Selling? I’m the guy to turn to!<br />

Sell us your old Collections.<br />

I’m Buying With Solid Cash.<br />

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to the coronavirus many collectors<br />

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the shelves and have extensive needs.<br />

Please offer us your collection to<br />

fulfill our needs. We will pay the<br />

highest prices. I’m serious!”<br />

Now BUYING<br />

PSE Graded<br />

Stamps! Please<br />

Call for offer!<br />

Mark Eastzer<br />

President<br />

We’re not<br />

just buying.<br />

Please send us<br />

your want list<br />

or needs.<br />


Box<br />

We will come to you with a SOLID, REALISTIC AND<br />

ATTRACTIVE OFFER. THE REASON: we hate to lose OUT<br />

TO ANYONE ELSE! Count on us for an offer that’ll make<br />

you smile! Want proof? Call us now! IT’S TOLL FREE.<br />

My 36th Lesson in Buying Stamps & Coins<br />

[This is part of a series of lessons I have learned over the years in how to<br />

conduct myself when working with the fine people who wish to sell some or all<br />

of their stamp and/or coin holdings.]<br />


MARKET AS IT PERTAINS TO HIS/HER HOLDINGS. One of the essential things<br />

we do is stay closely abreast of the values of worldwide stamps and coins in the<br />

marketplace. This leads to our lifetime policy of being able to offer the seller<br />

an authentic and educated offer.<br />

Mark Eastzer<br />

176 • Lynbrook, NY 11563<br />

Phone:1-800-470-7708<br />

Fax: (516) 599-1180<br />

Stamp Co.<br />

Email: markest@optonline.net<br />


have a fierce demand<br />

RIGHT NOW for US &<br />

worldwide material,<br />

accumulations and<br />

collections. With all<br />

that’s going on with<br />

Covid there has been a<br />

HUGE surge in the<br />

demand for material.<br />

We are now paying<br />

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accumulations, graded<br />

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Do You<br />

Collect Coins?<br />


We are major COIN<br />


Call Us Today!<br />


THE<br />


January 2021<br />

VOLUME 135 • NO. 1 • WHOLE NO. 1,440<br />

Table of Contents<br />

PAGE<br />

20<br />




When presented the challenge of a “one<br />

from everywhere” collection, John Seidl<br />

stepped up to the plate – and now he has<br />

some words of advice for other collectors<br />

who wish to try their hand at such a<br />

worldwide collection.<br />

PAGE<br />

24<br />





John Shotliff’s philatelic journey may have<br />

begun with Liechtenstein Michel 11-16,<br />

but he quickly realized that the story of<br />

this tiny country’s early issues is anything<br />

but tiny. Follow along as Shotliff takes us<br />

through WWI and post-war Liechtenstein,<br />

its early independent stamp issues, and<br />

the amazing errors and oddities that<br />

resulted in some of the most interesting<br />

stamps in philately.<br />

PAGE<br />

34<br />




Just a few short years, just a few countries<br />

and military zones… yet Allied Military<br />

Government (AMG) collecting has<br />

something to appeal to any collector (not<br />

to mention history buffs).<br />



Continuing his introduction to the wide world of<br />

U.S. revenues, Ron Lesher explains the first purpose<br />

of revenues: to show that a tax has been paid or<br />

that it is exempt from taxation. Worthy of special<br />

note are revenue stamps for certificates and luxury<br />

goods, not to mention special tax stamps that<br />

measure over 36 square inches!<br />

PAGE<br />

52<br />


(SCOTT 1092)<br />


Continuing his long-running column “U.S.<br />

Commemoratives of the 1950s,” Charles Posner dives<br />

into Scott 1092, the 50-year commemorative of<br />

Oklahoma’s statehood and one of the<br />

PAGE<br />

least-popular stamp designs of 1957.<br />

Other Features<br />

60<br />




One year after her debut article in the<br />

AP, Katrin Raynor-Evans is back with a<br />

astrophilatelic sequel, inspired in part<br />

by the contributions of other generous<br />

readers.<br />

PAGE<br />

44<br />

66 Adventures in Expertizing<br />

72 APRL Notes<br />

91 Books & Catalogs<br />

75 Bridges<br />

70 Buy and Sell<br />

81 Classified Ads<br />

6 Editing Philately<br />

74 In Touch<br />

12 Letters to the Editor<br />

77 Membership Report<br />

68 My Stamp Story<br />

94 New World Issues<br />

18 Our Story<br />

4 President’s Column<br />

89 Show Time<br />

96 Worldwide in a Nutshell<br />


THE<br />



Since 1887 — The Premier<br />

Philatelic Magazine in the Nation<br />


Gary Wayne Loew, ext. 221 • Gary@stamps.org<br />


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Chad Cowder, ext. 223 • CCowder@stamps.org<br />


Steve Schwanz<br />

Fox Associates, Inc. 800-440-0231<br />

adinfo.theamericanphilatelist@foxrep.com<br />

American Philatelic Society<br />

American Philatelic Research Library<br />

100 Match Factory Place • Bellefonte, PA 16823<br />

814-933-3803 • 814-933-6128 (Fax)<br />



Scott English, ext. 219 • scott@stamps.org<br />


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Jeff Krantweiss, ext. 216<br />

jkrantweiss@stamps.org<br />

GENERAL INFORMATION apsinfo@stamps.org<br />


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cbrachbill@stamps.org<br />

DIRECTOR OF EXPERTIZING Ken Martin, ext. 205<br />

kpmartin@stamps.org<br />


Scott Tiffney, ext. 246<br />

stiffney@stamps.org<br />


Carol Hoffman, ext. 270<br />

stampstore@stamps.org<br />


Heidi Lauckhardt-Rhoades, ext. 222<br />

heidi@stamps.org<br />

SHOWS/EXHIBITIONS Morgan Stinson, ext. 217<br />

stampshow@stamps.org<br />


showtime@stamps.org<br />

The American Philatelist (ISSN 0003-0473) is published<br />

monthly by the American Philatelic Society, Inc., 100<br />

Match Factory Place, Bellefonte, PA 16823.<br />

Periodicals postage paid at Bellefonte, PA 16823 and at<br />

additional mailing office. Price per copy $6.95. Canadian<br />

Distribution Agreement Number 40030959.<br />

Opinions expressed in articles in this magazine are those<br />

of the writers and are not necessarily endorsed by the society<br />

and/or the magazine. The American Philatelist cannot<br />

be responsible for the accuracy of any information<br />

printed herein.<br />

Postmaster: Send address changes to:<br />

The American Philatelist<br />

100 Match Factory Place, Bellefonte, PA 16823.<br />

©2020, The American Philatelic Society, Inc.<br />


President’s Column<br />

BY Robert Zeigler<br />

President<br />

RZeigler@zcklaw.com<br />

Don’t Resist the Urge to Specialize<br />

Some brave collectors still try to collect the world –<br />

and as you’ll see in this issue, the definition of “collecting<br />

the world” can vary depending on who you<br />

talk to. But if your goal is a complete<br />

world collection, you’ve probably<br />

found that the volume and cost of new<br />

issues is such that a very high budget<br />

is needed just to keep up. The temptation<br />

is extremely strong to draw<br />

the line somewhere, whether in time<br />

(1940 is a popular stopping point)<br />

or by singling out a continent (easy<br />

enough if you choose “Antarctica”!),<br />

or, more likely, a country. If you decide<br />

on a country, well – it is very likely<br />

that you will become a specialist.<br />

Often, you arrive at specialization<br />

in easy stages.<br />

You try at the beginning to<br />

collect every stamp that happens<br />

to fall into your hands.<br />

But then – the urge to complete<br />

arises, and you begin to<br />

appreciate the inherent conflict<br />

between the breadth of what you<br />

have desired to collect and the<br />

limits imposed by time and expense.<br />

Specialization represents a<br />

compromise; you narrow your<br />

Switzerland 333<br />

focus to what you think you<br />

can handle. But as you focus on<br />

something less broad, the true depths of collecting any<br />

major country becomes ever more apparent. Even the<br />

“narrowed” focus is just the tip of the iceberg.<br />


Switzerland Scott B11<br />

In my own case, I started by collecting United States<br />

and Europe. As time went by, I passed through ever more<br />

narrow phases, dropping the pursuit of one country after<br />

another. The United States was an early casualty as I realized<br />

that I could not possibly do justice to my native land<br />

because it is so vast and varied, and also because so many<br />

of our American collectors are such experts in the area.<br />

I could spend the rest of my life, not<br />

to mention my money, trying to catch<br />

up. True, if I had been a little more discerning,<br />

I could have been careful to<br />

select some more limited area within<br />

the United States, maybe a single state,<br />

a city or a county.<br />

Instead, after passing through an<br />

intermediate phase that included Scandinavia<br />

and Australia, I decided to<br />

pursue Switzerland. Why? It is fairly<br />

small, has a rich history, has three major<br />

languages (German, French and<br />

Italian), plus a minor language derived<br />

from Latin and only spoken in a small<br />

portion of the country, and has a<br />

great stamp-issuing heritage and<br />

an enthusiastic following of collectors,<br />

both at home and elsewhere.<br />

I found it especially interesting<br />

because of its neutrality<br />

during the two great wars of the<br />

twentieth century.<br />

So I ended up with one country,<br />

and a rather small one at<br />

that! But I have not regretted my<br />

choice. So went my journey into<br />

specialization. Everyone has a<br />

different journey – and there is<br />

no harm in choosing to remain<br />

a worldwide collector! There is a mutual respect among<br />

collectors no matter what they have chosen, because everyone<br />

is affected by the urge to collect, no matter how<br />

differently that urge might strike. The drive to collect and<br />

bring order to your collection is a hallmark of an inquiring<br />

mind.<br />

Happy New Year and happy collecting!

Keeeher & Rogee, Ltd.<br />

Fine Asian Auctions<br />

presents<br />

Two Special and Profoundly Serious China Auctions<br />

at our Danbury, CT Galleries in February 2021<br />

Every now and again, a truly special collection from<br />

long-ago resurfaces to capture the imagination and<br />

rekindle the collecting passions of days gone by.<br />

Such is the case of the remarkable “Legend of the Dragon”<br />

collection.<br />

As the name would suggest, the overriding emphasis<br />

of this stellar collection is based around the iconic Large<br />

Dragon issues of the Ching Dynasty. The collection, which<br />

has not seen the light of day in well over a generation, begins<br />

with a splendid array of the Large Dragon first issues proper,<br />

featuring sheets and blocks of the 1878 thin paper issues—in<br />

addition to a multitude of select quality mint sets for the<br />

1878 issue, as well as representation of the 1882 Wide Margin<br />

and 1883 thick paper printings.<br />

Not to be outdone, the 1885 and 1888 Second Customs<br />

Small Dragon Issues feature wonderful coverage, include<br />

panes, dual panes, a superb showing of mint blocks of 4, rare<br />

imperforate proofs, in addition to lovely Small Dragon surcharges,<br />

which feature numerous sets of blocks of the Small<br />

Figure issues, in addition to a lovely and rare set of blocks of<br />

4 of the Large Figure surcharges.<br />

Perhaps the most fascinating portion of the ample Small<br />

Dragon section are the nearly dozen lots of the elusive<br />

“Taiwan Postage Stamp” or “Formosa” issues, which feature<br />

Laurence Gibson started in<br />

the stamp business<br />

multiples, varieties etc.<br />

professionally in the early<br />

1980s with Earl P.L.<br />

Apfelbaum. Laurence<br />

became Far Eastern<br />

specialist, and heavily<br />

involved in the Asian<br />

Philatelic market. Laurence<br />

oversaw many important<br />

“One Owner” sales and<br />

brokered the famous “Sun”<br />

collection of Red Revenues<br />

for $2.5 million to a collector. Other notable single owner<br />

collections that Gibson has worked with include The Lois Evans<br />

Exhibition Collection, The “Knight” Sale of Select Rarities from<br />

China, The Fred Freilicher Collection of Hong Kong, The<br />

Michael Eugene Ruggiero Collection of Classic Japan, The<br />

Bruce Lee Memorabilia Collection, The Lee Yuen Wong<br />

Collection of China and The Dr. Steven J. Berlin Collection of<br />

Karl Lewis Covers. His experience and knowledge in the<br />

industry sets him apart in the philatelic market place.<br />

Following the Customs Issues is a specialized section of<br />

the 1894-1897 Empress Dowager Issues including a rare,<br />

complete set of First Printing Large Mother Die Proofs<br />

in addition to outstanding Black Second print proofs of<br />

re-drawn designs, exquisite “cigarette” paper proofs, Second<br />

print proofs on white paper etc. A wonderful study of the<br />

9ca tete-beche pairs are noted, including a lovely block of 4,<br />

Buy • Sell • Consign<br />

stamps@kelleherasia.com • www.kelleherasia.com<br />

USA Office: Daniel F. Kelleher Auctions<br />

22 Shelter Rock Ln., Unit 53,<br />

Danbury CT 06810<br />

T: +1.203.830.2500 F: 203.297.6059<br />

as well as examples of all six types. Impressive surcharges also.<br />

A powerful section of the 1897 Red Revenue issue is<br />

included, highlighted by select quality examples of the Small<br />

4c surcharge as well as the $5 value.<br />

Perhaps the most extraordinary portion of this legendary<br />

collection lies in the remarkable assembly dedicated to the<br />

incomparably diverse and wide ranging 1897-1914 postal<br />

history of the Coiling Dragon issues. Within the approximately<br />

110 individual lots, we will find some of the finest<br />

sections of Large & Small Dollar Chops, Pa-kua cancels, Sun<br />

& Moon chops, Tomb stone cancels and Railway postmarks<br />

ever offered in one place. The usages and varieties of this<br />

issue, in addition to the enormous range of postmarks, designate<br />

these issues as some of the most significant in Chinese<br />

postal history.<br />

The second portion of the Kelleher & Rogers lineup<br />

features issues of the Peoples Republic of China formed by<br />

a lady presently residing in New York City. In addition to<br />

a fine offering of scarce issues, we often find duplicated offerings<br />

of the ever-popular miniature sheets, along with full<br />

sheets of select issues etc.<br />

The collection was formed contemporaneously to the<br />

time of issue, and includes five positional blocks of four of<br />

the 1981 Monkey New Year issue, imperforate, marginal<br />

Buy • Sell • Consign<br />

In 1996, David Coogle<br />

co-founded, with Andrew<br />

Levitt, the Nutmeg Stamp<br />

Sales mail auction firm. In<br />

2004, Greg Manning<br />

purchased the Nutmeg bran<br />

and later merged the H.R.<br />

Harmer and Nutmeg<br />

companies, positioning Dav<br />

as President. During this<br />

period, John Bull Stamp<br />

Auctions (amongst other<br />

firms) were acquired by the<br />

Manning firm and under the<br />

Philatelic Divisions Management Team which included<br />

David. He began calling auctions in Hong Kong for the<br />

newly founded Dynasty Auctions Company, Ltd., with<br />

his friend and business Partner Laurence Gibson as<br />

co-owners and enjoys being an owner Director and<br />

Auctioneer at Kelleher & Rogers, Ltd.<br />

Mei Lan-tang issues, and a choice block of 4 of the second<br />

Military Stamp issue.<br />

Without any doubt, this K&R fabulous February Public<br />

Auction is of such pre-eminent importance that it will clearly<br />

set the pace for China philately in 2021. Send for your free<br />

catalog today.<br />

All inquiries for these two sales should be directed to<br />

Laurence Gibson at Kelleher’s Danbury offices.

Editing Philately<br />

BY Gary Wayne Loew<br />

Editor-in-Chief of APS Publications<br />

gary@stamps.org<br />

A Journey Around-the-Philatelic-World<br />

More, more, and still more…<br />

Since I began writing this column several months ago, I have ended by reminding APS<br />

members that this is your American Philatelist. I’ve encouraged you to write and let us know<br />

what you like and don’t like about the AP. And many of you have done just that.<br />

I learned that you want more articles about stamps and more articles about postal history.<br />

You want more articles about U.S. stamps and more articles about foreign stamps. You want<br />

more in-depth articles and more articles for beginners. The ambitious full-year editorial calendar<br />

we introduced was well received by all who wrote. About half of the members liked the idea<br />

of the special issues and half did not like the idea.<br />

So this month, you are all going to get what you wanted! Welcome to January’s “Wide World<br />

of Stamp Collecting: a potpourri of collecting topics.” To achieve that, we start with an article<br />

on collecting the world. We will be visiting the United States, of course, examining a single<br />

commemorative stamp of the 1950s and an entire genre of stamps (revenues). We will visit the<br />

Principality of Liechtenstein and explore collecting Allied Military Government stamps. And,<br />

because planet Earth is not big enough for stamp collectors, we will visit the Hubble Space Telescope,<br />

Hale-Bopp and (almost) to the universe and beyond – philatelically speaking, that is.<br />

In this issue<br />

Many of us began collecting with an enormous scope – perhaps you were given a worldwide<br />

stamp album as a child, or perhaps you began by collecting every stamp that fell into your<br />

hands. No matter where you take your collection next, this issue is<br />

proof that there is no wrong way to collect. APS President Bob Zeigler<br />

gives some advice for the collector who prefers to specialize, but we<br />

also find that “collecting the world” can be very rewarding. John Seidl<br />

offers his thoughts on different ways to specialize in worldwide stamp<br />

collecting. John has been participating in and giving back to the hobby<br />

for many years. One of the ways that he gives back is by serving as<br />

the president of the International Society of Worldwide Stamp Collectors<br />

(www.iswsc.org). Check out their interesting <strong>web</strong>site.<br />

From collecting the world, we shift focus to the opposite extreme.<br />

Liechtenstein is the sixth-smallest independent nation in<br />

the world, but its philately will support as deep a dive as any specialist<br />

could wish for. To prove that, author John R. Shotliff tells “A Tale of<br />

Errors, Freaks and Oddities… and Politics.”<br />


The American Philatelist depends on our members, who provide much of the<br />

content of this magazine. I’d like to encourage more members to join our roster of<br />

philatelic writers. If you have an idea, please send your article idea, an outline and<br />

a brief description of what would make it interesting to our audience. Send your<br />

proposal by email to aparticle@stamps.org or mail to The American Philatelist, c/o<br />

Article Submission, 100 Match Factory Place, Bellefonte, PA 16823.<br />

APS Official Family<br />

2019–2022<br />


Robert Zeigler<br />

rzeigler@zcklaw.com<br />


Cheryl Ganz<br />

cherylganz@yahoo.com<br />

Patricia (Trish) Kaufmann<br />

trishkauf@comcast.net<br />

Jeff Shapiro<br />

dirtyoldcovers@aol.com<br />


Stephen Schumann<br />

stephen.schumann@att.net<br />


Bruce Marsden<br />

mail@brucemarsden.com<br />


Michael Bloom<br />

mbloom@sinotech.com<br />

Rich Drews<br />

richbear427@hotmail.com<br />

Peter P. McCann<br />

ppm103226706@aol.com<br />

Mark Schwartz<br />

mark.schwartz1@verizon.net<br />


Stephen Reinhard<br />

sreinhard1@optonline.net<br />


Nicholas A. Lombardi<br />

P.O. Box 1005<br />

Mountainside, NJ 07092<br />

stamptheft@stamps.org<br />


Hugh Wood Inc.,<br />

220 Match Factory Place<br />

Bellefonte, PA 16823<br />

Toll Free: 888-APS-6494<br />

Phone: 212-509-3777<br />

Fax: 212-509-4906<br />

aps@hughwood.com<br />


To change your address online<br />

visit stamps.org and log into your<br />

My APS account. Or mail your<br />

new address information to<br />

APS, 100 Match Factory Place,<br />

Bellefonte, PA 16823<br />

(Fax: 814-933-6128).<br />

Please try to give us four weeks’<br />

notice. You can also add an<br />

e-mail address or <strong>web</strong>site to<br />

your APS record.<br />



APS-7.qxp_APS 06.05.20 14:30 Seite 1<br />

If you have interests that transcend national boundaries,<br />

there are many ways to philatelically satisfy those<br />

interests. For example, let me quote from Richard Pederson’s<br />

intriguing article, “The Allure of AMG Collecting”:<br />

“The Allied Military Government (AMG) specialty…<br />

has something for everyone, spanning multiple<br />

geographic and political states, several languages,<br />

changes in government and administration, and a<br />

rich historical situation – over the course of just a<br />

few years.”<br />

Pederson is editor of the A.M.G. Courier, the<br />

journal of The Allied Military Government Collectors’ Club (www.<br />

AMGcollectors.org).<br />

If going cross-border or collecting the whole world isn’t expansive enough<br />

for you, then perhaps the realm of astrophilately will slake your philatelic questing.<br />

When Katrin Raynor-Evans appeared in these pages exactly one year ago (“A<br />

Stamp on the Universe”) her article resonated with APS members. Many sent her<br />

astrophilatelic artifacts that they thought she might enjoy. In this issue, she shares<br />

her adventures in learning about new off-planet philatelic subjects. This is yet another<br />

rocket-propelled article from Katrin. I am sure you will enjoy the ride.<br />

Ron Lesher returns with the second installment in his column “The Collector<br />

of Revenue.” “Paying a Tax or Tax Exempt” shows us how a revenue stamp<br />

might verify that a tax has been paid or might confirm that no tax is due. The<br />

world of revenue stamps tells us so much about how governments achieved their<br />

fiscal requirements through diverse means of taxation. The subject may appear<br />

specialized, but it broaches vast swathes<br />

of society.<br />

Longtime contributor Charles<br />

Posner resumes his journey through<br />

the meaningful commemoratives of<br />

the 1950s. This time he settles on<br />

the year 1957 and the stamp commemorating<br />

the 50th anniversary<br />

of Oklahoma Statehood. This is a<br />

tale of postage, politics, and design<br />

planning. There is a lot to be<br />

learned about the creation of this<br />

3¢ stamp.<br />

Your areas<br />

of interest can be<br />

saved, and you<br />

receive notifications<br />

for newly listed<br />

items.<br />

Helping APS members to learn more<br />

One thing that all collectors appear to have in common is an endless quest to<br />

learn more about the stamps they collect or are considering collecting. We – and<br />

the APRL staff – frequently get inquiries about the topics that appeared in the<br />

prior month’s AP. So, beginning this month, many of the articles will end with a<br />

new feature, a sidebar titled “For Further Reading.” The talented researchers on the<br />

APRL staff will recommend books, articles, <strong>web</strong>sites, presentations from the APS<br />

YouTube channel, and perhaps courses available on our C3a educational archive.<br />

APS members can borrow books and obtain copies of articles, as well as sign up<br />

for C3a courses.<br />

Helping APS members find stamp dealers<br />

One observation that I made earlier struck a favorable note with many readers.<br />

You appreciate our new attention to balanced focus between content to help<br />

you be better collectors while simultaneously enabling you to more readily locate<br />

www. philasearch.com<br />

Ad 7 of 7<br />


Kelleher’s World Renowned Public Auctions Since 1885 • Online Auctions • Many Personalized Services<br />

The New Year 2021 Rings in<br />

With Philatelic Good Cheer and<br />

Unprecedented Offerings...<br />

Above: The covers for the huge catalogs of public auctions<br />

(Our Nos. 745 and 750) Parts I and II of the Stock and Private<br />

Holdings of the late William S., Langs. More major auctions<br />

of the Langs properties are forthcoming.<br />

January 2021:<br />

William Langs Part 3: United States Essays, Proofs and Trial Colors Including Revenues<br />

and Private Die Proprietary Issues. An important sale not to be missed.<br />

William Langs Part 4: EFOs, The most comprehensive Holding of Errors<br />

EVER to be offered at Public Auction<br />

Flagship Sale of United States & Possessions, British & Worldwide Stamps and<br />

Postal History—Features include selections from the following collections:<br />

Allen Fink, Proprietor of Philatex • Allenwood Investment Holdings<br />

Leo Malz further offerings including Yemen<br />

Brian McGrath Extensive Collection and Stock • “Bradstreet” Worldwide Collection<br />

• Stanley Richmond—His personal collection<br />

Plus many other consignors’ material<br />

January – April 2021:<br />

William Langs Part 5 and Beyond: More Postal History, FDCs, Airmail Flights, Singles,<br />

Plate Blocks, Sheets, Coils, Possessions

The Oldest Continually Operated Philatelic Auction House in the United States of America<br />

Kelleher’s<br />

As usual, Multiple Spectacular<br />

Auctions from America’s Oldest<br />

Philatelic Auction House:<br />

Some examples of the 1,712 lots in<br />

Part II of the public auction held on<br />

Dec. 8-11 of the<br />

William S. Langs holdings.<br />

February 2021:<br />

Aero-Philatelists and Astro-Philatelists alike will be pleased<br />

with a separate catalog Featuring:<br />

“Caruso” Collection of Aerophilately, Early Pioneer through Zeppelin Flights<br />

Leo Malz Collections of Rocket Mail and Astro Philately<br />

March 2021:<br />

An immense Collections, Stocks and Accumulations of the World Sale which<br />

will begin to unveil the true depth and value of the Langs private holding,<br />

along with material from the above consignors and many others.<br />

Also Beginning in January:<br />

Weekly Internet Sales to include Portions from the immense stock and private<br />

holdings of the late William S. Langs. With sales closing each Sunday evening at<br />

9PM there will be something for everyone!<br />

Call, email or write<br />

for your free<br />

Daniel<br />

Join Good Company<br />

F.<br />

and<br />

Kelleher<br />

Sell or Consign now!<br />

Auctions<br />

Call Us Toll Free!<br />

catalogs of the 2021<br />

sales listed here—<br />

or view & bid<br />

America’s Oldest Philatelic Auction House • Established 1885<br />

online!<br />

22 Shelter Rock Lane • Unit 53 • Danbury, CT 06810<br />

Phone: 203.830.2500 • Toll Free 800.212.2830 • Fax: +203.297.6059<br />

Email: info@kelleherauctions.com<br />


TH<br />

stamp dealers who can match your individual collecting<br />

needs. Coming in the March issue, we will be introducing a<br />

sidebar accompanying many of our articles: “Where To Buy.”<br />

At the end of these articles, we will list the AP advertisers<br />

that offer philatelic material related to the contents of the article.<br />

These brief citations will key to dealers’ <strong>web</strong>sites as well<br />

as their display ads throughout the AP. We want to make<br />

it easy to grow from knowledgeable collectors to informed<br />

buyers.<br />

More, More, And Still More (Redux)<br />

The messages you sent to us all had one thing in common:<br />

AP readers want more. More articles. More access to<br />

the right dealers for you. When you contact a stamp dealer<br />

or philatelic auction house, please tell them that you saw<br />

their ad in The American Philatelist.<br />

* * *<br />

I have said this before: if you wish to see a perpetuallyimproving<br />

American Philatelist, you – our readers and APS<br />

members – must become a part of this exciting journey.<br />

Reach out to me with your questions, concerns, and suggestions.<br />

Contact us to write for the AP. More importantly, volunteer<br />

to participate. This is your American Philatelist. My<br />

email is Gary@stamps.org.<br />

1847–1945<br />

Quality U.S. Stamps<br />

Singles (mint and used), Plate Blocks, Booklet Panes<br />

plus Complete Booklets, Price lists $2 each category or<br />

free online. We also buy quality U.S. & foreign stamps.<br />

Mountainside Stamps, Coins and Currency<br />

P.O. Box 1116 • Mountainside, NJ 07092<br />

Tel: 908-419-9751 or 908-232-0539<br />

E-mail: tjacks@verizon.net • www.mountainsidestamps.com<br />

Tom Jacks, owner; member APS, ASDA<br />



New Issues: 21 July 2020<br />

100th Anniversary<br />

of Rupert Bear<br />

Guernsey<br />

100 YEARS OF<br />

Rupert Bear<br />

50<br />

Guernsey<br />

100 YEARS OF<br />

Bill the Badger<br />

85<br />

On November 8, 1920, a small, furry brown bear wearing<br />

a scarf, sweater and checked trousers was sent off to the<br />

shops by his mother for some provisions. Unfortunately,<br />

he got lost on the way, but 100 years on, Rupert Bear<br />

continues to captivate audiences around the world.<br />

We are delighted to celebrate the centenary of this most<br />

loveable character with our special issue stamps and<br />

miniature sheet.<br />

Order Guernsey & Alderney stamps online or by<br />

tel: +44 (0) 1481 716486 email: philatelic@guernseypost.com<br />

Guernsey<br />

100 YEARS OF<br />

Rupert Bear<br />

£1.02<br />

Stamps<br />

80th Anniversary of<br />

the Battle of Britain<br />

50 ALDERNEY<br />

Searching for<br />

enemy aircraft<br />

Full Philatelic<br />

product range<br />

available on our<br />

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21.7.20<br />

PRE - ORDER<br />

7.7.20<br />

Available with all issues:<br />

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Presentation Packs.<br />

Collect<br />

Guernsey Stamps @guernseystamps www.guernseystamps.com<br />



A N N I V E R S A R Y<br />

80 TH<br />

68 ALDERNEY<br />


85 ALDERNEY<br />


Supermarine Spitfire<br />

& Hawker Hurricane<br />


A N N I V E R S A R Y<br />

Heinkel He 111<br />

bomber under fire<br />


A N N I V E R S A R Y<br />

The Battle of Britain took place<br />

between 10th July and 31st October<br />

1940, Nazi Germany’s failure to destroy<br />

Britain’s air defences or force Britain to<br />

negotiate an armistice was one of the<br />

crucial turning points in the war.<br />

This emotive issue comes with an<br />

informative prestige booklet.<br />

80 TH<br />

80<br />

80 TH<br />

TH<br />


Letters to the Editor<br />

lettertotheeditor@stamps.org<br />

Oh Pongal<br />

I was both surprised and delighted to<br />

read Dhatri Iyer’s article “Oh Pongal: Celebrate<br />

the Pongal Festival With Us” in<br />

the December AP. I really enjoyed reading<br />

about this festival and love Dhatri’s enthusiasm and<br />

willingness to share her culture and traditions. And to think,<br />

she was inspired by an FDC! The future of philately is in<br />

young people like Dhatri. I am a huge fan of Indian food<br />

and Indian festivities, having studied Indian cuisines and<br />

cultures for over 30 years. I am fortunate to live in a town<br />

with a large Indian population and excellent markets so I<br />

will be putting the Pongal dates on my calendar and preparing<br />

some traditional, festive foods. I am very inspired by<br />

Dhatri’s article and enjoyed seeing the FDC. I sincerely hope<br />

to see more articles from this enthusiastic young lady. Vanakkamm<br />

Dhatri!<br />

I also hope to see articles about other cultures and their<br />

traditions as seen on stamps and philatelic items. Such a fun<br />

way to learn about our friends and neighbors.<br />

(P.S. Vanakkam is a Tamil word used in greeting as a sign<br />

of respect - similar to Namaste in Hindi.)<br />

Marion Rollings, PhD<br />

Hillsborough, NJ<br />

Practical applications of<br />

stamp collecting<br />

My father bought me a small paperback<br />

album when I was around 10 years old and<br />

this began a lifetime learning experience.<br />

I was working on a degree in Criminal Justice and needed<br />

to take an elective. Friends suggested that I take a course<br />

called “The Economic Development of the People’s Republic<br />

of China.” Taught by an Emeritus Professor, the course<br />

was used as a learning process using China’s economy as the<br />

subject.<br />

There were 13 of us taking the course, 12 of which were<br />

MBA candidates. Made me feel out of place. During the<br />

first class the professor began talking about Sri Lanka. After<br />

about five minutes it became obvious that none of the<br />

other students had any idea what or where Sri Lanka was.<br />

He asked if anyone knew anything about this country. I was<br />

the only one to raise a hand. I told him about the island, its<br />

name change from Ceylon, its location and its products. I<br />

talked for about five minutes and got a lot of nasty stares<br />

form my fellow students.<br />

During the first break I was grilled by the others who<br />

were annoyed that an outsider had shown them up. The reason<br />

I remembered Sri Lanka was because one of the first sets<br />

of stamps my father gave me was a set of florals from this<br />

country. How could I ever forget the beauty of the stamps<br />

and how could I forget that each stamp was printed twice?<br />

– once in their native language and then in English. These<br />

stamps still have an honored place in my collection.<br />

I prefer stamps that were purchased by someone, put<br />

on an envelope or package, and mailed. The person who received<br />

the stamp saved it and passed it on. One can only<br />

imagine the journey each stamp has taken. It has a history<br />

that can only be imagined.<br />

By the way, I was one of the few students in the class to<br />

get an “A” at the end of the semester.<br />

David L. Shoemaker<br />

Fogelsville, PA<br />

Santa to the rescue<br />

I grew up in the suburbs of Washington<br />

DC, in the 1940s and 50s and even though<br />

I have long ago become a Texan, I still have<br />

a lot of family and friends on the East Coast. Some<br />

years ago, I was visiting the area when I picked up a copy of<br />

the Washington Post newspaper. While idly reading, I noticed<br />

a full page listing of people with unclaimed property in<br />

the State of Maryland. As one is wont to do, I skimmed the<br />

list for my name, not really expecting to see it.<br />

But there it was - “TERMINI, BENEDICT, WEST VIR-<br />

GINIA AVE.” - my name and the street I had lived on when<br />

I was a child in Bethesda, Maryland. I had not lived at that<br />

address since the early 1950s when our rapidly growing family<br />

had moved to a larger house. I could not believe that there<br />

was unclaimed property in my name, now held by the State of<br />

Maryland, dating from my childhood, over half a century ago.<br />


I called the telephone<br />

number listed<br />

in the notice and spoke<br />

with an employee of<br />

the State Comptroller’s<br />

office. She said there<br />

was indeed a nice sum<br />

of money (over $400)<br />

in their unclaimed<br />

property fund with my<br />

name on it, although she did not have any idea where it came from. She said all I<br />

had to do was go online, download the appropriate form from their <strong>web</strong>site and<br />

send it in with a copy of my driver’s license. I did so.<br />

But I had not reckoned with the obstacles of government bureaucracy. Six<br />

weeks later I received a response stating that in order for them to send me a check<br />

I would have to document that I had lived at the specified address on West Virginia<br />

Avenue.<br />

This was easier said than done. My parents were deceased, and I had only lived<br />

at that address as a small child. How do you go about proving where you lived<br />

when you were five years old? After a thorough search I located some of my report<br />

cards from grade school. Alas, they only listed my name and age, and helpful comments<br />

like, “Could do much better.”<br />

But while searching for my report cards, I came across a letter to Santa Claus<br />

that I had written, with the help of my father, in 1947. At the age of four, I sat on my<br />

father’s knee while he carefully wrote out my letter to Santa, listing all the presents<br />

I wanted for Christmas – a sail boat, toy trucks, a bag of candy, and others. I have<br />

no idea how the pair of size 11 slippers got on the list. I found the letter with my<br />

father’s papers after his death - he had saved it all his life. And yes - it did give an<br />

address, on West Virginia Avenue, for Santa to deliver my presents. It even had a<br />

couple of torn 1947 Christmas seals at the top.<br />

I copied the letter and sent it to the State Comptroller’s office with an explanation<br />

and the comment that, “If you can’t trust Santa Claus, who can you trust.”<br />

Three weeks later I received my check.<br />

Benedict (Benny) Termini<br />

Fort Worth, TX<br />

Fancy cancels and fancy revenue stamps<br />

I have thoroughly enjoyed every issue of The American Philatelist<br />

since re-joining the APS a number of years ago, but the November 2020<br />

issue was spectacular in my humble opinion! I especially want to thank<br />

you, and Nick Kirke, for the very educational article on “New York Foreign<br />

Mail Cancels on the Large Bank Note Issues, 1870-75.” I had run across “foreign<br />

mail cancels” terminology before and had made a mental note to do some research<br />

on exactly what that entailed, so this article, in all its detail and examples, was extremely<br />

interesting and informative. Very useful is the “Further Reading” section<br />

at the end. I can’t wait for Mr. Kirke’s Part Two!<br />

The next article that impressed me was the very next article, “Revenues and<br />

Who Authorized Them,” part of a new “The Collector of Revenue” series, by Ron<br />

Lesher. A relatively new area of collecting for me, so there was much new info in<br />

the article. I especially appreciate the portion dealing with the plethora of nonpaper<br />

revenue materials. Who knew? Certainly not me! Very much looking forward<br />

to this series!<br />



HAÏTI?<br />


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• Membership includes<br />

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Join HPS<br />

www.haitiphilately.org<br />


Thank you, again, and keep up the excellent work!<br />

Vincent Cox<br />

Greensboro, GA<br />

Pandemic philately<br />

The cover shown depicts a new German<br />

cancel on the topic of the coronavirus,<br />

from Briefzentrum 30 (Postal Center<br />

30), which serves the Hannover area. It<br />

reads: “Gemeinsam gegen Corona” (together against<br />

corona) and “sich selbst und andere schutzen” (protect yourselves<br />

and others) with a heart formed by two arms hugging-<br />

-from a distance. The stamp is a 110 Eurocent value from the<br />

flower series and pays the standard letter rate to the US from<br />

Germany. It is an interesting postal sign of the times.<br />

Ken Gilbert<br />

Columbus, OH<br />

(Editor’s note: Many nations have issued stamps or cancellations<br />

about the COVID-19 pandemic. The American Philatelist<br />

will be publishing information on this philatelic topic<br />

in coming months.)<br />

Memories for the tongs…<br />

After reading the spate of letters in the<br />

December issue of The American Philatelist<br />

commenting on FDR’s lack of tongs when<br />

handling a stamp, particularly that of Mr. Fred<br />

Korr, I recalled an event that I was lucky to observe. I had<br />

an occasion to be in New York on a day in April in the early<br />

1980s. I had a morning to kill so I decided to visit the offices<br />

of the Philatelic Foundation whose expertizing services<br />

I had used several times. While I was scanning their<br />

bookshelves, Mortimer Neinken (Chairman of the Foundation<br />

at the time, I believe) strode in. He announced that he<br />

was there to look at a stamp that had been submitted for<br />

expertizing. It was not too many minutes later when Mr.<br />

Herb Bloch (lot describer for the H. R. Harmer auction of<br />

FDR’s stamp collection) arrived for the same reason. After<br />

some casual banter, Mr. Neinken retrieved the patient and<br />

began to huddle with Mr. Bloch. Call me “nosy” but I sidled<br />

as close as I dared to where they began their investigation – I<br />

wanted to know how two Doctors of Philately went about<br />

diagnosing a patient.<br />

As I watched, Mortimer picked up the stamp in his fingers<br />

– no tongs – and placed it on the bottom of an overturned<br />

black-glass ashtray that happened to be handy. He<br />

then poured some watermark-detecting fluid over the stamp.<br />

At that point the real analyzing began. Sad to say, thirty-plus<br />

years later, I don’t remember the stamp or what the prognosis<br />

was.<br />

I suppose Mr. Neinken washed his hands before coming<br />

into the offices – I know he didn’t do so while I was there.<br />

At first I was appalled, remembering the things I was taught<br />

along the same lines as Mr. Korr’s Dad taught him. But I later<br />

became more philosophical about it and accepted that Mortimer<br />

and Herb had a lot more experience in these matters<br />

than I and for them it was “no big deal.” But I have not abandoned<br />

my lessons and, while on very rare occasions I will handle<br />

a stamp with my fingers, my tongs are a part of my hands.<br />

Michael A. Rainer<br />

Huntington Beach, CA<br />

The challenges of publishing a<br />

stamp magazine<br />

Today, November 16, 2020, my wife<br />

came in with the mail and said “you<br />

got another stamp magazine.” I could not<br />

figure out which one it would be because none were due.<br />

Much to my surprise, it turns out it was the October issue<br />

of The American Philatelist. It was a little rumpled but other<br />

than that it was ok.<br />

A comment on the November issue. Two long main articles<br />

on esoteric subjects did not catch my attention. The<br />

magazine needs more variety and shorter articles to serve<br />

a larger audience. The same thing seems to be happening<br />

to the American Stamp Dealers Association magazine. The<br />

last one had two long articles on CSA material. Not my cup<br />

of tea.<br />

Bob Marousky<br />

Ocean Springs, MS<br />

Do not throw away stamps<br />

Recently a widow whose husband had<br />

recently passed contacted me to tell me<br />

to remove his name from my mailing list.<br />

When I asked her about her husband’s specialty<br />

stamp collection, she told me a dealer had come by,<br />

purchased the other stamps and told her the specialty collection<br />

was worthless and to throw those stamps away. This she<br />

had done. Thirty years ago, he had shown me a small portion<br />

of his specialty collection and I would have gladly paid her<br />

$300 just for that portion.<br />

Please do not tell someone a collection is worthless.<br />

Please do not throw stamps away just because they are of<br />

no interest to you. If you do not want them, donate them. A<br />

good place which I recommend is “Stamps for the Wound-<br />


ed” P.O. Box 297 Dunn Landing, VA 22027. This is part of<br />

the Stamps for Wounded Veterans program whose mailings<br />

most of us have received.<br />

David W. Smith<br />

Trumansburg, NY<br />

Crypto confusion<br />

The “New World Issues” column on<br />

page 1138 (Dec 2020) noted the June 2020<br />

“Crypto” issue from the Austrian Post Office.<br />

The United Nations (Nov. 24, 2020)<br />

also released a set of Crypto currency postage stamps. You<br />

can read details at the UN <strong>web</strong>site: https://crypto.unstamps.<br />

org/<br />

Likely, most APS members are not familiar with crypto<br />

currency issues, yet alone what “Blockchain” means or how it<br />

works. When I copied the text “cryptocurrency” and “blockchain”<br />

from the UN <strong>web</strong>site’s description of the stamps, Microsoft’s<br />

hotmail email service rejected that email, which I<br />

sent 3 times to 3 different email addresses of friends with<br />

whom I regularly correspond. Clearly there must be something<br />

problematic about those words, although the Yahoo.<br />

com email system does not block emails with these “darned,<br />

problematic” words.<br />

I have no computer expertise, but one of the purposes<br />

of encryption programs, especially as it relates to allowing<br />

secure transmission of information from banks, is to allow<br />

the consumer to do ATM transactions. The use of 27 digit<br />

random-number generators, which are not kept or tracked,<br />

allows such secure transactions. Similarly, the “attraction” of<br />

Bitcoin transactions is that they are secure and not traceable.<br />

Can someone kindly explain WHY (or how) this crypto<br />

postage is of any value to anybody, especially if there is no<br />

way to track it – and thus confirm delivery of, for example,<br />

money sent?<br />

Fred Korr<br />

Oakland, CA<br />

A message of mutual support<br />

Many years ago, forty or more, my wife and I began to<br />

save stamps from the mail we received. During that same<br />

time, we were raising our four teenage children. We had a<br />

couple of starter stamp albums, but they were not generally<br />

Errata<br />


Page 1048. The heading for the “Taiwan Can Help” stamp<br />

should be “Republic of China (Taiwan).”<br />


Page 1091. The correct date in the Figure 4 caption is 1919.<br />

Page 1104. The image described as the reverse of the Figure<br />

17 cover is incorrect.<br />

Page 1134. The 2020 Kwanzaa stamp is the 14th Kwanzaa<br />

stamp to be issued and the eighth unique design.<br />

used. But we kept the<br />

stamps, and in fact my<br />

wife found a couple of<br />

world stamp albums<br />

at a local place that<br />

bought and sold articles<br />

from estates. She<br />

also found envelopes<br />

with stamps from<br />

countries around the<br />

world.<br />

In March 2020, when we were told to stay home because<br />

of the pandemic and COVID-19, I decided it was time to explore<br />

stamp collecting again, this time in earnest. I purchased<br />

Mystic’s 3 Volume American Heirloom Album, and began to<br />

educate myself about the many aspects of stamp collecting.<br />

I went online, discovered the American Philatelic Society,<br />

and promptly joined when I discovered they have a wealth of<br />

educational information for stamp collecting. I also quickly<br />

learned how helpful Mystic’s Guide to Stamp Collecting, particularly<br />

“Stamp Collecting Thoughts from Don Sundman”<br />

which states:<br />

“Stamps, like tiny mirrors, reflect what we as Americans<br />

feel is important. The people, places, and events that have<br />

shaped us and our society, as well as those of the world beyond<br />

our borders, and highlighted on postage stamps.”<br />

Here are some of my favorite United States stamps that I<br />

discovered and which I believe reflect what was once important,<br />

and still is important today:<br />

1956 Children’s Stamp (Scott 1085) - Friendship - the<br />

Key to World Peace.<br />

1960 World Refugee Year (Scott 1149) - Family Walking<br />

Towards New Life<br />


We encourage readers to send their comments, questions<br />

and feedback to The American Philatelist.<br />

Submission of a letter implies consent to publish, unless<br />

specifically prohibited by the sender. The decision of<br />

whether to publish is made by the editorial staff of The<br />

American Philatelist.<br />

Generally, letters will be published unless determined<br />

to be offensive, disrespectful, libelous, slanderous or not<br />

chiefly related to the stamp hobby.<br />

The opinions expressed in a Letter to the Editor are<br />

those of the author and not The American Philatelist. We<br />

do not publish or accept requests for the publication of<br />

anonymous letters.<br />

To allow more Letters to the Editor, you are respectfully<br />

requested to limit submissions to 500 words or less.<br />

If your submission is longer, the editorial team will ask you<br />

to resubmit a shorter version, or provide you a copy of an<br />

edited version to review prior to publication.<br />

Submit your letters to letterstotheeditor@stamps.org<br />

or mail a typewritten copy to: Letter to the Editor,<br />

The American Philatelist,<br />

100 Match Factory Place, Bellefonte, PA 16823.<br />


1962 World<br />

United Against<br />

Malaria (Scott<br />

1194) – This stamp<br />

publicized the Malaria<br />

eradication<br />

drive of the World<br />

Health Organization.<br />

1993 AIDS<br />

Awareness (Scott 2806) reflects compassion for those suffering<br />

from complications caused by AIDS.<br />

These four are an exceedingly small sample of the many<br />

wonderful stamps that reflect positive important themes reflected<br />

on stamps. In this fast paced world we live in, with<br />

cell phones, e-mail and social media it seems that some of<br />

the more important and simple messages from stamps get<br />

lost.<br />

The past months have been a learning experience for me.<br />

Now I am starting to delve into the stamps from around the<br />

world that we have collected over the years. Having begun<br />

with United States stamps and having the benefit of Mystic’s<br />

2020 U.S. Stamp Catalog, I thought collecting and placing<br />

world stamps would be straight forward. I subsequently<br />

learned that there is no similar free catalog for world stamps.<br />

And I also discovered<br />

that my world<br />

stamp albums do<br />

not, could not,<br />

have pictures and<br />

places for all the<br />

stamps from each<br />

country. I’m still<br />

learning.<br />

People from all around the world are going through<br />

this terrible time dealing with COVID-19. Can we all share<br />

a message of mutual support, respect, and love for all our<br />

sisters and brothers regardless of race, creed or color? That<br />

is what I believe is most important! For example, would it<br />

be possible for a new stamp to be designed<br />

for the World United Against<br />

COVID-19 with a picture of a person<br />

wearing a face mask? Or a stamp that<br />

says, “Stay strong, we’ll get through<br />

this together!”<br />

Happy Collecting!<br />

Deacon Alfred R. Manzella<br />

Slingerlands, NY<br />

Find the rare gem<br />

among more than<br />

80 million collectibles!<br />

two two and and FIVE DoLLAR SPECIALS<br />

See our See site: our site: www.MALACK.com Lots Lots more more to see! to see!<br />

two and FIVE DoLLAR SPECIALS<br />

two and FIVE DoLLAR SPECIALS<br />

See our site: www.MALACK.com Lots more to see!<br />

See our site: www.MALACK.com Lots more to see!<br />

479 VF/XF, bold 479 479 VF/XF, F/VF bold OG NH, 479 F/VF OG 479 NH, F/VF 479 OG F/VF NH, OG NH,<br />

480 F-VF OG NH, NH, 480 F/VF 480 OG F/VF NH, OG NH, 480 VF OG NH, 480 VF 480 OG VF/XF NH, OG NH, 480 VF/XF OG NH,<br />

color, Nice! $85 color, bold Nice! color! $85 $349 bold color! Super $349 Nice! Super Nice! $359 $359<br />

Nice! $245<br />

super super color! $335 color! $335 CHOICE! $375 CHOICE! Choice! $375$450<br />

Choice! $450<br />

479 VF/XF, bold<br />

color, Nice! $85<br />

479 VF/XF, bold<br />

479 F/VF OG NH,<br />

bold color! $349<br />

479 F/VF OG NH,<br />

479 F/VF OG NH,<br />

Super Nice! $359<br />

479 F/VF OG NH,<br />

480 F-VF OG NH,<br />

Nice! $245<br />

480 F-VF OG NH,<br />

480 F/VF OG NH,<br />

super color! $335<br />

480 F/VF OG NH,<br />

480 VF OG NH,<br />

CHOICE! $375<br />

480 VF OG NH,<br />

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PUB_EN_A4_AmericanPhilatelist_185.67x254_2020_NEWText.indd 6 23-10-20 15:06:37<br />


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SG - Auctions - AMS US A4 - 25.11.20.indd 1 25/11/2020 15:24:55

Our Story<br />

BY Scott English<br />

Executive Director<br />

scott@stamps.org<br />

A Remarkable Step for Civil War Philately<br />

IN<br />

November, the Confederate Stamp Alliance’s<br />

membership voted overwhelmingly to change<br />

its name to the Civil War Philatelic Society.<br />

With 365 total votes cast, 310 supported the move while 55<br />

members opposed it. Beginning in 2021, the quarterly journal<br />

for the Society will become the Civil War Philatelist.<br />

When the CWPS Board proposed the name change, they<br />

recognized the reality of where we are today. Among the<br />

reasons were national efforts to remove Confederate statues,<br />

collections losing value, a loss of advertisers for the journal,<br />

and even difficulty booking hotels. It rightly noted the word<br />

Confederate “equates to pro-slavery and<br />

racism to most citizens.”<br />

For full disclosure, I’ve been a member<br />

of the Society since 2017, and I voted<br />

in favor of the name change. Though<br />

I’m hardly a high-level philatelist in any<br />

subject, I am a historian. In college, I focused<br />

on the landscape of the Civil War<br />

and Reconstruction through every lens<br />

possible. It is an important subject to understand,<br />

given the nation continues to<br />

struggle with the War and its aftermath.<br />

We cannot deny the Confederacy’s<br />

cause has been hijacked by those who<br />

want hate to keep the nation as divided<br />

as it was then. We should not deny what<br />

the Confederacy represents to many fellow<br />

Americans.<br />

When I joined the South Carolina Governor’s staff in<br />

2003, the State had just voted to remove the Confederate flag<br />

from flying over the Capitol Dome. The flag was relocated to<br />

the State House grounds by the Confederate Veterans Memorial.<br />

Throughout my time in the Governor’s Office, different<br />

groups lobbied to remove the flag altogether, while others<br />

wanted to restore it to the Dome. Though I had hoped we<br />

could restart the discussion of full removal, but other crises<br />

got in the way. I learned to regret that we didn’t at least try.<br />

On June 17, 2015, a young white man walked into a bible<br />

study at the Mother Emanuel AME Church in Charleston,<br />

SC. He sat through the study before murdering nine people,<br />

including the minister and state senator Clementa Pinckney,<br />

whom I’d come to know as a friend. We would learn<br />


Scott 77 15¢ Abraham Lincoln<br />

this young man, fueled by anger and brandishing the Confederate<br />

flag as a symbol of pride, believed he would start a<br />

race war, 150 years after the end of the Civil War. The South<br />

Carolina legislature voted to remove the flag from the State<br />

House grounds later that year.<br />

It was then the first effort to change the name of the Society<br />

began and failed. APS Vice President Trish Kaufmann,<br />

who has served the Society in various capacities, including<br />

President and editor of the journal, was one of the outspoken<br />

leaders to the change. Over time, she’s remained an advocate,<br />

and in November, her efforts and those of countless<br />

others accomplished that goal.<br />

For me, I didn’t support the change<br />

because of hotel reservations, advertising,<br />

or even my dear friend, Clem, but<br />

rather because I thought it was the right<br />

thing to do. History needs perspective<br />

and focusing on one aspect of the Civil<br />

War, rather than the whole story, fails to<br />

teach. Stamp collectors are some of the<br />

most important historians because we<br />

preserve the direct connections between<br />

people and tell their stories. By transitioning<br />

to the CWPS, the Society opens<br />

the door to collectors of Union philatelic<br />

material and postal history from<br />

the same era. We know the War divided<br />

families, but in some ways, the country<br />

remained intertwined.<br />

We also know that philately should be apolitical. Though<br />

politics invade too many corners of our world today, philately<br />

is a welcome escape for most of us. In time, politics<br />

would have found its way to the CWPS, gradually eroding<br />

its membership and relevance. We do not need to celebrate<br />

the Confederacy’s cause, but we need to understand it and<br />

hand those lessons to the next generation and on. As George<br />

Santayana said, “Those who cannot remember the past are<br />

condemned to repeat it.”<br />

On the occasion of his second inaugural address to the<br />

nation, our 16th President, Abraham Lincoln, offered these<br />

words:<br />

“With malice toward none, with charity for all,<br />

with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the

ight, let us strive on to finish the work we are<br />

in, to bind up the nation’s wounds, to care for<br />

him who shall have borne the battle and for<br />

his widow and his orphan, to do all which<br />

may achieve and cherish a just and lasting<br />

peace among ourselves and with all nations.”<br />

Lincoln delivered those words on March 4, 1865.<br />

The timing of his comments is remarkable. In February,<br />

he had signed the Joint Resolution to send<br />

to the states the 13th amendment for ratification,<br />

which outlawed slavery in the U.S. Constitution. In<br />

April, he was assassinated, and in May, the War ended.<br />

When he said those words, the question was no<br />

longer whether the Union would prevail, but when.<br />

Given that, he wanted to frame what peace had to<br />

look like for a nation in need of healing. After all this<br />

time, the work is still not done, but if philately can<br />

lead by example, it should.<br />

Thank you to the CWPS Board, Trish Kaufmann,<br />

and countless others, and the members of the Society<br />

for taking this critical step in the hobby. I look<br />

forward to seeing the organization chart this new<br />

course.<br />


A Philatelic Quest<br />

for Everywhere<br />


Like many stamp collectors, I started out with worldwide<br />

packets as a young boy. Unlike most stamp collectors,<br />

50+ years later I still avidly collect worldwide: all years,<br />

all countries, all issues. While this may in fact be a bit crazed,<br />

there is a challenge that I know you will find much harder than<br />

you’d first think: Collect one issue from every stamp issuing entity<br />

that has put forth stamps to move the mails.<br />

I first climbed this mountain many years ago, both as an<br />

exercise in philatelic exploration but also as a way to give<br />

myself something to look for at stamp shows. I have several<br />

specialist country and topical collections but after some time<br />

and money have been invested, it becomes difficult to find new<br />

material without converting to postal history. So I took on the<br />

“everywhere hunt” as a new way to engage with our hobby.<br />


Where is everywhere? Defining the scope of your<br />

quest is the first problem. What do you want to include<br />

or exclude? For my personal definition, I decided on the<br />

following: existing countries, dead countries, military occupations,<br />

government agencies, and international organizations.<br />

I chose to exclude philatelic fantasies, cinderellas,<br />

micronations or political entities that tried to create credibility<br />

though issuing postage stamps such as Mantanzas or<br />

the Republic of South Moluccas. One of the great aspects of<br />

stamp collecting is each stamp collector is free to make their<br />

own decisions about what to include in their collection and<br />

that certainly applies here.<br />

Now that you have your categories, you must determine<br />

which entities actually qualify to be included in each. There<br />

are many sources to follow and even a few albums have been<br />

published that seek to answer this question. You can create<br />

“the list” by consulting any of the following:<br />

• Entities included in your favorite catalog (Scott,<br />

Michel, Unificado, Yvert, Gibbons, etc.)<br />

• Included on your favorite online resource (Stampworld,<br />

APS StampStore, Stamp Atlas, eBay, Wikipedia,<br />

etc.)<br />

• UPU membership<br />

• Published specialized albums (see below)<br />

You will find yourself in a personal debate as you define<br />

your own criteria for which entities should make your list<br />

or not. As an example, I chose to exclude some recent “puppet”<br />

states like Abkhazia, South Ossetia, and Transnistria,<br />

but I suspect some of the people in what most consider to<br />

be Georgia or Moldova would not agree with me.<br />

I am aware of two specialized “one-from-everywhere”<br />

albums that have been published. The Single Specimen<br />

World Gazetteer Stamp Album published by Cliff Brown<br />

(Terra Nova Publishing) in the early 1990s is now long out<br />

of print and would fail to include some recent global changes<br />

like South Sudan, Kosovo or Timor-Leste. More recently<br />

in 2013, the Smithsonian’s National Postal Museum <strong>web</strong>site<br />

published an electronic album titled A Stamp for Every<br />

Country Album (Figure 1).<br />

The Smithsonian album was inspired by the William H.<br />

Gross Stamp Gallery exhibit of “A Stamp for Every Country.”<br />

While no longer directly available from the Smithsonian’s<br />

<strong>web</strong>site, you can download a copy from the APS <strong>web</strong><br />

site: https://aps.buzz/EveryCountryPDF.<br />

Both albums had spaces for about 800 stamps. While<br />

the Gazetteer is alphabetical for “active” and “dead” countries,<br />

the NPM album is sorted by geographic region and<br />

does a better job of showing the lineage of a region. Here is<br />

a sample page from each (Figures 2 and 3).<br />

I am also aware of one enterprising philatelist who created<br />

his own album. Mark Jochim’s work from 2015 is a<br />

thing of beauty, with each stamp-issuing entity getting two<br />

full pages of background information, a map of the country<br />

and even an illustration of their flag along with room for the<br />

example stamp (Figure 4). The point is that this is a creative<br />

Figure 1. A Stamp For Every Country album, published by the<br />

Smithsonian’s National Postal Museum.<br />

Figure 2. From<br />

the “M” section of<br />

the alphabetized<br />

Gazetteer album.<br />

Note the maps<br />

and brief historical<br />

details.<br />

Figure 3. Page 94 of the Smithsonian album - Malaysia. The album is<br />

sorted alphabetically within regions, includes precedent countries<br />

and other subcategories with dates, and is cross-referenced where<br />

necessary.<br />


Figure 4. Jochim’s two-page spread includes impressive detail to<br />

give the collector the proper context of each stamp-issuing entity.<br />

exercise as well as a quest to find the stamps themselves.<br />

It took me 10 years to fill in my copy of the Gazetteer,<br />

and I’m just beginning to fill in the NPM version. I am sure<br />

that will take just as long. The experience was far more<br />

difficult than I anticipated but more rewarding as well. I<br />

learned a few facts about each country on my list as I added<br />

to the collection and increased my knowledge of history and<br />

geography. To complete my collection I used a combination<br />

of stamp shows, the APS StampStore, and online auction<br />

sites. I was willing to utilize mint or used stamps and tried<br />

to limit my expenditure to under $10, with most costing less<br />

than $1. None of this represents a serious financial outlay<br />

– just a massive investment in fun philatelic time to decide<br />

what to pursue, the actual pursuit, and of course the display.<br />

I take my completed album when I teach the Boy Scout<br />

Stamp Collecting Merit Badge program and every time the<br />

Scouts are amazed by the history of our world and how it<br />

has evolved – and how that story can be told via stamps.<br />

The Internet will make the quest easier this time around<br />

– or perhaps not, if the list of included entities also expands.<br />

The greatest part of our hobby is that we can each seek out<br />

what we enjoy. I hope you will consider joining me on this<br />

journey.<br />

Images in the header include: Canada Scott E3, Brazil<br />

Scott C67 Rotary, Russia Scott C38, and Democratic Republic<br />

of the Congo Scott 429.<br />

T<br />

he Author<br />

John Seidl is the president of the International<br />

Society of Worldwide Stamp Collectors (www.iswsc.org).<br />

The International Society of Worldwide Stamp Collectors<br />

serves the interests of all worldwide collectors. It<br />

strives to promote the fun and fascination of worldwide<br />

stamp collecting to young and old alike, and has an active<br />

outreach program serving youth, their leaders and<br />

stamp collectors of all ages and experience levels. John<br />

is also the president of the British Caribbean Philatelic<br />

Study Group. He is a member of dozens of other philatelic<br />

societies including the APS, the New York Collector’s<br />

Club and the Royal Philatelic Society. He can be reached at<br />

john.seidl@gmail.com.<br />




• Mail<br />

• Online at stamps.org<br />

(Log-in, then click My APS)<br />

• Phone (814) 933-3803<br />

Thanks for being a member!

Liechtenstein<br />

A Tale of Errors, Freaks and<br />

Oddities… and Politics<br />


Introduction<br />

The Principality of Liechtenstein is one of six European<br />

microstates known for its beautiful stamps. Indeed, a select<br />

few stamps issued each year still employ line engraving.<br />

Approximately the size of Staten Island, a borough of New<br />

York City, Liechtenstein’s neighbor to the west and south is<br />

Switzerland, and to the east and north is Austria. Its western<br />

border with Switzerland is the Rhine River, and its eastern<br />

border with Austria is the Austrian Alps. Liechtenstein is a<br />

panoramic valley paradise nestled on the northern border of<br />

the Swiss/Austrian Alpine mountain range.<br />

The subject of this article was initially Michel catalog<br />

numbers MI 11-16 (Scott 11-16), a set that has what I<br />

believe is a most unique oddity in philately. However, as<br />

I researched MI 11-16, I became fascinated by the events<br />

surrounding the issuance of this set and concluded the<br />

evolution of Liechtenstein’s postal system and the resulting<br />

impact upon the Liechtenstein philatelic community pivoted<br />

upon post WWI events of late 1917 through early 1924.<br />

For collectors new to Liechtenstein philately, the story surrounding<br />

this issue provides an overview of the transition<br />

from Austrian to Swiss administration of Liechtenstein’s<br />

postal system and the resultant breadth of stamps available.<br />

Likewise, collectors of errors, freaks and oddities (EFOs)<br />

will seldom see a more diverse range of errors produced by<br />

a printer and released to the public.<br />

Calm before the Storm<br />

Prior to the end of World War I<br />

Postal Administration. On September 1, 1817, the first<br />

post (messenger) office was opened by Austria in the village<br />

of Balzers, Liechtenstein, and was subsequently closed<br />

on August 31, 1819, due to a lack of profitability. Almost a<br />

decade later, on January 1, 1827, the Balzers office reopened<br />

followed by a second in Vaduz, Liechtenstein’s capital, on<br />

March 1, 1845. During this period, Liechtenstein’s fledgling<br />

postal system was unofficially administered by the Austrian<br />

government due to its legacy ties to Austria.<br />

In 1852, Liechtenstein executed a customs treaty with<br />

Austria. Among other things, the 1852 treaty officially<br />

integrated Liechtenstein’s postal system under Austrian<br />

administration. The Principality’s postal system began to<br />

flourish, and additional post offices were opened, as listed<br />

in Liechtenstein Briefmarken Katalog (LBK): Nendeln on<br />

October 1, 1864, closed February 29, 1912, and reopened<br />

February 1, 1960; Schaan on October 15, 1872; Triesen on<br />

July 1, 1890; and Eschen on March 1, 1912.<br />

Postage Stamps. In 1850, Austria issued its first postage<br />

stamps (MI 1-9) which were distributed for sale in Liechtenstein<br />

post offices (Figure 1).<br />


Figure 1. Austria MI 4<br />

(Scott 4), distributed for<br />

use in Liechtenstein.<br />

Figure 2. Liechtenstein MI 1-3 (Scott 1-3).<br />

In philatelic parlance, the Austrian stamps used in<br />

Liechtenstein post offices during this period 1850 to 1912,<br />

MI 1-177, are referred to as “Vorlaufers” or “Forerunners”<br />

to Liechtenstein’s own stamps to follow.<br />

In October 1911, the customs treaty was amended, and<br />

an important milestone was achieved for the Principality.<br />

It was now allowed to have its own stamps (Note 1). On<br />

February 1, 1912, the first set of stamps specifically for sale<br />

in Liechtenstein was issued, MI 1-3 (Figure 2).<br />

This set depicted the image of Prince Johann II with<br />

the annotation “K.K. OESTERR POST im Fürstentum<br />

Liechtenstein” indicating the set was printed by the Austrian<br />

State Printing Office, Österreichische Staatdruckerei,<br />

in Vienna under the auspices of the Austrian Department of<br />

Commerce. As part of the 1911 agreement, the Principality<br />

recognized the resulting net income (or loss) from the sale<br />

of its stamps. For the duration of this agreement, Austrian<br />

stamps, MI 178-315, were used concurrently with Liechtenstein<br />

stamps MI 1-60. These Austrian stamps are referred to<br />

as “Mitlaufers” or “Followers.” I prefer to call them “Transition”<br />

stamps as it is more descriptive of the period.<br />

Currency. As per the 1852 treaty, Liechtenstein formally<br />

adopted Austria’s currency (Gulden = 60 Kreuzer) which<br />

underwent two subsequent changes during the period prior<br />

to WWI: decimalization circa 1857 (Gulden = 100 Kreuzer)<br />

and then adoption of a new Krone (Crown) currency<br />

(Krone = 100 Heller) on January 1, 1900.<br />

Everything went well until the assassinations of the<br />

Archduke of Austria and his wife on June 28, 1914. The<br />

“thunderheads” began to build on the horizon… World<br />

War I.<br />

The Perfect Storm<br />

Post WWI, 1917 through 1922<br />

The “storm” was World War I. The war’s aftermath certainly<br />

took its toll on the citizens of Liechtenstein. Liechtensteiners<br />

experienced political and economic isolation due to<br />

its association with the Austro-Hungarian Empire (formed<br />

in 1867), and the resultant devaluation of Austrian currency.<br />

However, from a philatelic perspective, the majority<br />

of the “storm” about to unfold was self-inflicted.<br />

Postal Administration continued under the 1852 treaty...<br />

for a while. As WWI came to a close and the Austro-Hungarian<br />

coalition began to unravel, Liechtenstein looked to<br />

the west, across the Rhine River to Switzerland for assistance.<br />

On April 22, 1919, Liechtenstein commenced treaty<br />

discussions with Switzerland to replace the 1852 treaty with<br />

Austria. The Principality was anxious to terminate the customs<br />

treaty with Austria as customs revenue had fallen dramatically.<br />

Furthermore, the Austrian government no longer<br />

wanted the responsibility of administering Liechtenstein’s<br />

postal system (Note 2). On August 2, 1919, Liechtenstein<br />

moved to terminate the 1852 treaty with Austria, to which<br />

Austria agreed on August 30. On May 1, 1920, the existing<br />

(October 1911) postal agreement was terminated, and<br />

Liechtenstein was now free to issue its own stamps.<br />

Currency and Postal Rates. Since the Austrian currency<br />

had been severely devalued, Liechtensteiners unofficially<br />

began using Swiss currency (Franc = 100 Centime or<br />

Rappen) for daily transactions circa 1917. The Liechtenstein<br />

government unofficially followed suit in 1920 for its<br />

national accounts, for example, taxes (Note 3). The postal<br />

rates established September 1, 1918, were 20 and 25 Heller<br />

for domestic and international mail, respectively.<br />

Censorship<br />

Liechtenstein remained neutral during WWI, albeit<br />

tenuously. The Allies were suspicious, believing Liechtenstein<br />

was aiding and abetting the Austro-Hungarian cause,<br />

and restricted commerce crossing the Swiss border into<br />

Figure 3. At right: Jam jar label.<br />

Bottom left: Gemeinde-Boten-<br />

Post Vaduz-Sevelen MI 1, and<br />

right: MI 1a with error – “Pest” not<br />

Post. Certified: Marxer 95B082.<br />

The stamp was expertized and<br />

authenticated by Peter Marxer,<br />

the late expert on Liechtenstein<br />

stamps.<br />


Liechtenstein (Note 2). The Austro-Hungarian coalition<br />

was cautious too. Internationally bound mail originating<br />

in Liechtenstein was subject to censorship, which, in turn,<br />

greatly delayed delivery to its intended destination as well as<br />

the subsequent responses.<br />

In mid-1918, a group of Liechtenstein businessmen and<br />

Vaduz authorities convened to address the issue. A mechanism<br />

to identify internationally bound mail and a process to<br />

circumvent censorship were established.<br />

First, the mechanism to identify international mail<br />

was to overprint an existing label sold in village stores and<br />

used by housewives to label their “jam jars,” among other<br />

things. The label assumed its clandestine role when it was<br />

overprinted by J. Kuhns Erben in Buchs, Switzerland, with<br />

“Schweizer Post/Vaduz” (Swiss Post, Vaduz). The resulting<br />

“stamp” is today known as a “Gemeinde-Botenpost” or<br />

community messenger (Figure 3).<br />

Next, the process:<br />

1. The sender affixed the necessary Swiss postage to<br />

any letter bound for an international destination.<br />

2. The sender purchased the “Botenpost stamp,” for 10<br />

Heller and affixed it to the letter, and deposited the<br />

letter in a mailbox installed in Vaduz specifically for<br />

this purpose.<br />

3. A member of the Vaduz village government collected<br />

the mail once or twice a week and passed the<br />

mail along to a “community messenger” who had<br />

the proper identification to pass Swiss authorities<br />

without risk.<br />

4. The mail was transported across the Rhine River by<br />

the messenger and deposited at the Sevelen post office.<br />

This solution, which was used for only a few months, was<br />

not endorsed by either the Swiss or Liechtenstein governments.<br />

Indeed, the Principality had to “look the other way”<br />

as it was a violation of the 1852 customs treaty with Austria.<br />

Even this little “stamp” was not without controversy.<br />

First, was the “stamp” truly necessary at the time to facilitate<br />

uninterrupted mail service and thus a postal necessity,<br />

or unnecessary and thus just a philatelic curiosity? In favor<br />

of the former, all six perforation variations and the error<br />

shown above are included in the Liechtenstein Briefmarken<br />

Katalog (LBK). Additionally, letters with the Gemeinde-<br />

Botenpost stamp affixed and postmarked in late 1918 are very<br />

rare, and the “stamp” has sufficient collector cachet to attract<br />

counterfeiters due to its simple design: caveat emptor.<br />

Secondly, was the assigned cost of 10 Heller a fee for<br />

the messenger service, or a revenue tax for the village of<br />

Vaduz? Why the use of this stamp was limited to Vaduz is<br />

not addressed in the literature. There were five other post<br />

offices open at that time, and the mail did not seem to be<br />

impeded crossing the Swiss border, just the Austrian border<br />

to Feldkirch. Were the village elders being opportunistic?<br />

Rise of the Consortium<br />

Postage Stamps. In October 1919, a group of Liechtenstein<br />

and Austrian men, collectively called the “Consortium,”<br />

petitioned the Liechtenstein government to assume responsibility<br />

for the design, production and domestic distribution<br />

of Liechtenstein stamps as well as worldwide sales. The<br />

political objective was the provision of stamps “for Liechtenstein<br />

by Liechtenstein.” The more important, practical<br />

objective was to generate badly needed revenue for the Principality…<br />

and, of course, for the Consortium. After more<br />

than three months of negotiations, the terms and conditions<br />

of the contract were established, including: the duration of<br />

the contract; revenue guaranteed to the Principality; the<br />

percentage of the revenue due the Consortium; and the<br />

amount of funds to be held in escrow in the event of a shortfall<br />

in expected revenue for the Principality. In addition, the<br />

contract specified certain quality control requirements. The<br />

contract between the Principality and the Consortium was<br />

finally executed January 31, 1920.<br />

Murphy’s Law (“anything that can go wrong will go<br />

wrong”) prevailed. It took longer than expected to design,<br />

develop, print, and distribute the first set of stamps, MI<br />

11-16, to be issued by the Consortium. As a result, Liechtenstein<br />

had to strike an informal agreement with Austria<br />

extending the use of Austrian stamps, Mitlaufers, to fulfill<br />

the need for postage stamps in its post offices (Note 4).<br />

Postal Rates. To compensate for inflation during this<br />

period, the postal rates were raised to 40 Heller for domestic<br />

mail and 100 Heller for international mail, effective January<br />

15, 1920, and a second time to 80 and 200 Heller for domestic<br />

and international mail, respectively, on April 15, 1920.<br />

Finally, on March 3, 1920, the Consortium issued MI<br />

Table 1. First Set Issued for the Principality, March 3, 1920<br />

MI No.<br />

1917<br />

Scott No<br />

1917.<br />

Original<br />

Value<br />

Overprint<br />

New<br />

Value<br />

MI No.<br />

1920<br />

Scott No.<br />

1920<br />

5 5 5 Arabesque 5 11 11<br />

6 6 10 Arabesque 10 12 12<br />

9 9 25 Arabesque 25 13 13<br />

4 4 3 “40” 40 14 14<br />

7 7 15 “1 KRONE” 1 K 15 15<br />

8 8 20 “2½ KRONEN” 2½ K 16 16<br />


11-16. The selected approach was to overprint an earlier<br />

set of six stamps depicting Prince Johann II, issued in 1917,<br />

MI 4-9.<br />

Overprinting was probably selected to minimize the<br />

“time to market” as well as the design and development<br />

(pre-production) costs. The Consortium may have also<br />

selected overprinting in order to re-tool the stamps more<br />

quickly and cheaply if further increases in postal rates<br />

demanded changes in stamp values. Or perhaps they simply<br />

wished to increase their profit.<br />

Paulussen & Co. in Vienna was contracted for the development<br />

of the letterpress plates and production of this set<br />

of six stamps. The 5, 10 and 25 Heller values of MI 4-9 were<br />

preserved, and the new issue was simply denoted by an arabesque<br />

overprint. The remaining three values from 1917,<br />

the 3, 15 and 20 Heller, were repurposed by overprinting<br />

them with the values of 40 Heller, 1 Krone and 2½ Kronen,<br />

respectively. To avoid possible confusion, the overprints of<br />

the top three values were designed to obscure the original<br />

values of the 1917 set. The “mapping” from the original set<br />

(MI 4-9) to the new overprinted set (MI 11-16) is summarized<br />

in the following chart and shown in the subsequent<br />

figures (Table 1 and Figure 4).<br />

MI 11-16 Errors<br />

Several errors were produced, much to the dismay of<br />

many in the Liechtenstein government and the general<br />

public. Some error types were noted as early as Sieger’s<br />

1943 catalog, Liechtenstein Handbook and Catalog, but did<br />

not receive recognition in other catalogs until much later.<br />

The errors include:<br />

• inverted overprints (Figure 5);<br />

• double overprints (Figure 6);<br />

• interchanged overprints (Figure 7);<br />

• inverted overprint at the bottom (Figure 8);<br />

• overprinted twice with top one inverted (Figure 9);<br />

• “strongly” offset overprints (Figure 10); (The description,<br />

“strongly,” is subjective and not clarified in LBK.<br />

For my collecting purposes, I consider the overprint<br />

strongly or severely offset when it impinges upon the<br />

vertical perforations, i.e. horizontal offset. A severe<br />

vertical offset would reveal the original values of MI<br />

Inverted Overprints<br />

Figure 4. From left: Liechtenstein MI 11, MI 12, MI 13, MI 14, MI<br />

15, and MI 16, denoted by overprint on MI 4-9.<br />

Double Overprints<br />

Figure 5. Inverted overprint errors can be found on MI 11-16. From<br />

left: MI 11 KI, MI 12 KI, MI 13 KI, MI 14 KI, MI 15 KI, and MI 16 KI.<br />

Interchanged<br />

Overprints at Bottom<br />

Figure 7. Interchanged<br />

overprints at bottom.<br />

Note that the left and<br />

right stamps should<br />

have the opposite<br />

overprints. Left: MI 12 I.<br />

Right: MI 15 I.<br />

Figure 6. Double overprint error. From left: MI 11 DD, MI 12 DD,<br />

and MI 13 DD.<br />


Inverted<br />

Overprint at Bottom<br />

Figure 8. Inverted<br />

overprint at<br />

bottom, MI K II.<br />

Double Overprints<br />

with Top Inverted<br />

Strongly Offset Overprints<br />

Figure 10. A “strongly” offset overprint error on MI 11-16. From left: MI<br />

11 II, MI 12 II, MI 13 II, MI 14 II, MI 15 II, and MI 16 II.<br />

Damaged Overprints<br />

Figure 9.<br />

Double<br />

overprint error.<br />

MI 11 DK.<br />

Figure 11. The overprints have noticeable breaks in the letterpress<br />

plates. From left: MI 14 III and two MI 16 III.<br />

4, 7 and 8, or impinge upon the bottom horizontal<br />

perforations.)<br />

• Broken/damaged (letterpress plates) overprints (Figure<br />

11).<br />

• Drying error - occurs when sheets of stamps are stacked<br />

before ink has dried. The result is a mirror image of the<br />

overprint from the sheet below appearing on the gum<br />

(side) of the sheet above it, resulting in a setoff (Figure 12).<br />

• Printer’s waste (Figure 13).<br />

Oddities - Chads<br />

This is probably one of the most unique oddities in the<br />

philatelic realm. The definition of a chad is a small paper<br />

disk or rectangle, formed when a hole is punched in paper<br />

tape or punch card, respectively. Therefore, the by-product<br />

of the perforation process is a chad. I worked with both<br />

punch cards and paper tape early in my career as a computer<br />

engineer and I can attest to the mess they can make.<br />

The following images (Figure 14) show examples of the<br />

random patterns of chads that can be found on each of the<br />

six stamps in the 1920 set. The air at Paulussen & Co. must<br />

have been thick with chads as many stamps can be found<br />

with multiple chad “patterns.” Or, maybe, was it deliberate?<br />

Curiously, by examining photographs on eBay and auction<br />

<strong>web</strong>sites, I have noticed some patterns re-occur, i.e., the<br />

chad remained in place (glue from the stamp adhesive?) for<br />

more than one printing.<br />

The chads were noted in Sieger’s 1943 catalog: “due to<br />

perforations falling on the printing plate, black dots have<br />

formed at all possible places during printing…” I do not<br />

know if Sieger visited Paulussen to witness the chad issue<br />

during production, but his notes certainly make sense.<br />

The diameter of the chad print closely matches that of the<br />

perforation, ~0.98 mm measured with a Dino-Lite model<br />

AM4515ZT USB microscope.<br />

A note to collectors: Given the number of stamps with<br />

chad imprints and their randomness which defies cataloging,<br />

stamps with chad imprints have no incremental<br />

market value. However, they are relevant to this discussion<br />

as they represent a symptom of the Consortium’s performance<br />

vis-à-vis quality control…<br />

Quality Control<br />

At this time, it may be appropriate to take a moment<br />

to review the impact of quality control, or the lack thereof,<br />

on this unfolding drama. Prior to the existence of the<br />

Consortium, Österreichische Staatsdruckerei had been<br />

printing stamps for Austria since 1850. By contrast, the<br />

only reference I have found pertaining to Paulussen &<br />

Co., other than LBK, is in the online list of (Austrian)<br />

printers with the notation that Paulussen was in existence<br />

for only one year, 1920 (Note 5).<br />

So why the selection of Paulussen & Co. over<br />

Österreichische Staatsdruckerei? A few points for consideration<br />

(Note 6):<br />


1. The Consortium was endorsed by stamp collectors/dealers who<br />

influenced the Principality to pursue a contract with the Consortium.<br />

2. The Consortium had a “great deal of latitude” concerning the<br />

design, production, and distribution of stamps during the term of<br />

their contract with the Principality.<br />

3. The contract with the Consortium included terms and conditions<br />

pertaining to Quality Control.<br />

4. The Consortium argued the Austrian State Printing house (PTT)<br />

did not offer “precise control.”<br />

The result was the Consortium “produced in violation of the contract<br />

numerous misprints and varieties in large quantities.”<br />

Therefore, I conclude that Paulussen was selected because the Consortium<br />

could manipulate the release of stamp errors and varieties while<br />

Österreichische Staatdruckerei would not be willing to compromise its reputation.<br />

Who knows, maybe Paulussen was not actually selected but established<br />

specifically to print the Consortium’s stamps, and the owners of Paulussen<br />

were either members of the Consortium, or were related to members.<br />

Postage Stamps. Besides MI 11-16, Austrian “Mitlaufers” continued to<br />

be used until January 31, 1921, at which time Swiss “Mitlaufers” (some of<br />

MI 95-213, see LBK) became available in some Liechtenstein post offices<br />

to augment the supply of stamps available for postage.<br />

Concerning Liechtenstein stamps, how does one describe what followed<br />

MI 11-16? Continuing the stormy weather metaphor, I think it<br />

would be the squall that hit when the following sets were released in<br />

rapid succession:<br />

Drying Errors<br />

Figure 12. Reverse of MI 11, MI 13 – a drying<br />

problem resulting in setoffs appearing on the<br />

reverse.<br />

Printer's Waste<br />

Figure 13. Printer’s<br />

waste on MI 11.<br />

MI 11-16 Error<br />

Identification Quiz.<br />

Examine this letter dated<br />

April 21, 1920. How many<br />

of the stamps have errors,<br />

and how many unique errors<br />

are there? Answer key is on<br />

page 33.<br />

On the reverse of the<br />

envelope, there are five more<br />

stamps, for a total franking<br />

of 200 Heller. On the front,<br />

you can see the sender’s<br />

post office was Schaan, and<br />

the recipient’s was Mauren,<br />

a distance of approximately<br />

five miles as the crow flies.<br />

The postal rate for domestic<br />

mail at the time was 80<br />

Heller, so the additional 120<br />

Heller (revenue for the Principality)<br />

was for the registered<br />

mail delivery service.<br />


Figure 14. The chads on the Paulussen & Co.-printed stamps are<br />

a by-product of the perforation process, but indicative of the<br />

company’s quality control of MI 11-16. From left: MI 11-16, and<br />

below, overprint errors with the chad oddity, MI 13 KI, MI 11<br />

DD, and MI 12 DD.<br />

All but MI 43-44 were printed by Paulussen & Co. MI<br />

43-44 were printed, at the direction of the Consortium, by<br />

Fa. Capri, a printing house for which I have not found any<br />

references other than LBK.<br />

MI 17-60 are a bonanza for EFO collectors as there are<br />

numerous examples that can be found, including, but not<br />

limited to, depending upon the set:<br />

• “Primary” plate errors - my term for those listed in LBK;<br />

• “Secondary” plate errors – my term for those identified<br />

in Hughes’ Liechtenstein the 1920 Issue (or in Ring der<br />

Liechtenstein Sammler (RLS) – published by the Liechtenstein<br />

Collectors Club) but not in LBK;<br />

• Color proofs;<br />

• Black & white proofs;<br />

• Perforation variations, i.e. perf count;<br />

• Perforation varieties - I have examples of MI 21 & 24<br />

rouletted 7½;<br />

• Perforation errors including:<br />

• Missing horizontal or vertical;<br />

• Double horizontal or vertical;<br />

• Mis-registered perforations;<br />

• “Crazy” perforations due to paper folds;<br />

• Overprint errors (MI 43-4);<br />

• Other production errors, e.g. paper creases and folds;<br />

• Paper varieties;<br />

• And gum varieties.<br />

LBK covers MI 17- 60 in nine pages, including the “primary”<br />

plate errors. In the quarterly publication by the Ring<br />

der Liechtenstein Sammler, it was reported that coverage<br />

of these sets and all the errors, varieties, etc., required 103<br />

pages. In my collection, I have allocated 169 pages - two<br />

Lighthouse binders - which allows ample spacing for presentation.<br />

To date, I have found approximately 50% of the<br />

“secondary” plate errors.<br />

Postal Administration. As mentioned earlier, in April of<br />

1919, Liechtenstein and Switzerland began discussions to<br />

replace the Treaty with Austria. The Swiss Treaty commenced<br />

February 1, 1921, amidst this deluge of Consortium<br />

stamps that were released.<br />

Demise of the Consortium<br />

On February 16, 1921, the Liechtenstein government<br />

commenced an investigation of the Consortium and a<br />

response was requested within three days. The underlying<br />

issues of the complaint against the Consortium included:<br />

• Failing to meet its contractual revenue goals.<br />

• The deliberate distribution of stamps to collectors and<br />

possibly speculators (in Salzburg).<br />

• Resulting in an inadequate supply of stamps at the Post<br />

Offices which, in turn, required the use of Austrian and<br />

Swiss “Mitlaufers” which diminished the revenue recognized<br />

by the Principality.<br />

• Inadequate supply of high value stamps to satisfy the<br />

increasing postal rates.<br />

• The number of errors, freaks and oddities (EFOs)<br />

released, that is, poor quality control.<br />

• The release of varieties including proofs, etc.<br />

• The continued production and distribution of stamps,<br />

MI 43-60, after the Swiss Treaty was in effect February<br />

1, 1921, to the dismay of the Principality.<br />

• And, the “bottom line,” damage to the reputation of<br />

Liechtenstein stamps.<br />

To add further fuel to the fire, on February 26, 1921, 800<br />

citizens demonstrated in the capital. The two political parties<br />

of that time were involved: the in-power Citizens’ party and<br />

the opposing People’s party. The People’s party was represented<br />

by approximately 200 citizens protesting the Consortium’s<br />

performance. The Citizens’ party was concerned about<br />

the possibility of more nefarious objectives of the demonstrators<br />

for the People’s party, and rallied 600 citizens in their<br />

support (see Note 1). Regardless, this is probably the first<br />

and only time philatelic activities sparked civil unrest. After<br />

a lengthy investigation, the Consortium’s contract was finally<br />


terminated on April 25, 1922, and the remaining Consortium<br />

stamps were supposedly destroyed (Note 8).<br />

Calm Seas and Fair Winds<br />

After 1922<br />

Postal Administration. The Treaty with Switzerland went<br />

into effect on February 1, 1921. Switzerland assumed<br />

the responsibilities of its predecessor, Austria, including<br />

administration of Liechtenstein’s postal system, which<br />

continued to grow, adding six additional post offices: Triesenberg<br />

on February 1, 1921; Mauren on July 1, 1925; Ruggell<br />

on January 1, 1926; Schellenberg on August 10, 1946;<br />

Gamprin-Bendern on February 1, 1960; and Schaanwald on<br />

April 30, 1970 (LBK).<br />

Currency. On May 26, 1924, Liechtenstein officially adopted<br />

Swiss currency.<br />

Epilogue. The political climate remained tense during the<br />

period between World War I and II. Since World War II,<br />

the microstate of Liechtenstein has enjoyed a period of<br />

stability, growth and tranquility. From my perspective,<br />

Liechtenstein has avoided much of the turmoil in Europe<br />

due possibly to its relatively isolated location, but more<br />

likely due to the excellent stewardship of its Princes: Prince<br />

Johann II until February 11, 1929; Prince Franz I until July<br />

25, 1938; Prince Joseph II until November 13, 1989; and<br />

currently, Prince Hans Adam.<br />

Notes.<br />

1. Liechtenstein’s postal contracts prior to WWI are described in Marxer’s<br />

“Postal Contract” and Agreement Concerning the Management… (1911).<br />

2. As narrated by David Beattie in Liechtenstein, A Modern History.<br />

3. As described to the author by Liechtenstein National Museum Head of Collections<br />

and Research Donat Buchel in July 2020.<br />

4. As explained in the RLS catalog, Adams’ 50 Years Liechtenstein Post, and<br />

Marxer’s “Postal Contract.”<br />

5. A reference to Paulussen & Co. can be found in Morgan’s “Stamp Printers<br />

By Country: Austria” article online.<br />

6. Details of the printing agreement with Liechtenstein can be found in Adams’<br />

50 Years Liechtenstein Postal Material (1962), Hassler’s “Philately,” and<br />

Gabriel von Werner’s Principality of Liechtenstein History of the Postal<br />

System… (1937). Quotes are from Adams.<br />

7. More information is available on the supposed destruction of MI 11-16 in<br />

Liechtenstein Handbuch (RLS).<br />

Acknowledgments<br />

Thanks to Cynthia Shotliff Tanta-Nanta, Professor<br />

Heinz Rennenberg (Chairman, RLS) and Donat Buchel<br />

(Curator, Liechtenstein National Museum).<br />

References<br />

Adams, Bertrand (ed.). 50 Years of Liechtenstein Postal Material, 1912-1962<br />

(Vaduz: Liechtenstein Government; 1962): 102 – 105.<br />

Agreement Concerning the Management of the Postal, Telegraph and Telephone<br />

Service in the Principality of Liechtenstein, Article IV (October 4, 1911): 2.<br />

Beattie, David. Liechtenstein, A Modern History. (van Eck Publishers; 2004):<br />

26, 50-7, 381-2.<br />

Benedikt Zäch. “Money,” Historisches Lexicon des Fürstentums Liechtenstein<br />

online. (Published December 31, 2011). https://historisches-lexikon.li/Geld<br />

Dittrich, Dr. Gerhard. Lexikon zur Liechtenstein-Philatelie (Reutlingen: Ring<br />

der Liechtensteinsammler; [1970]).<br />

Hassler, Hermann. “Philately,” Historisches Lexicon des Fürstentums Liechtenstein<br />

online (Published December 31, 2011). https://historisches-lexikon.li/<br />

Philatelie<br />

Hughes, H.S. Liechtenstein: the 1920 Issue (Birmingham: Hughes, H.S.; 1962).<br />

LBK MICHEL Liechtenstein-Spezial 2018/2019 (Michel / Schwaneberger<br />

Verlag GmbH).<br />

Liechtenstein Handbuch (Ring der Liechtensteinsammler e. V. (RLS); February<br />

1995): 8-10.<br />

Marxer, Roland. “Postal Contract,” Historisches Lexicon des Fürstentums Liechtenstein<br />

online. https://historisches-lexikon.li/Postvertrag<br />

Morgan, Glenn H. “Stamp Printers By Country: Austria,” Stamp Printers Info<br />

(Updated 2016). https://www.stampprinters.info/SPI_country_austria.<br />

htm#AUSTRIA<br />

Otto, Rudolf. Gemeinde-Botenpost Vaduz-Sevelen 1918 (RLS Booklet: Ring der<br />

Liechtensteinsammler; 1966).<br />

Quaderer, Rupert and Lenherr, Stefan (interviewer). “For Liechtenstein, its<br />

very existence was at stake,” Liechtenstein. https://www.liechtenstein.li/en/<br />

economy/foreign-trade/interview-ruper-quaderer/<br />

Quaderer, Rupert. “Museum Stamp Affair,” Historisches Lexicon des Fürstentums<br />

Liechtenstein online (Published December 31, 2011). https://historisches-lexikon.li/Briefmarkenaff%C3%A4re<br />

Ray, Michael. “Timeline of World War I,” Britannica. https://www.britannica.<br />

com/list/timeline-of-world-war-i<br />

Sieger, Hermann E. Liechtenstein Handbook and Catalog 1943 (Lorch/Wurttemberg:<br />

Sieger-Verlag; 1953): 52-3.<br />

Sluszkiewicz, Anna and Tom. “World Paper Money Catalog and Austrian<br />

Currency History,” ATS Notes. http://www.atsnotes.com/catalog/banknotes/<br />

austria.html<br />

“The postal stamps and postal history of Liechtenstein,” Postal Museum.<br />

https://stamps.postmuseum.li/history<br />

Voss, Werner. Principality of Liechtenstein: History of the Postal System with<br />

Especial Consideration to the Stamps (Book Printer of Fr. Kaiser): 28-37<br />

Table II. The "Squall that Hit" - Liechtenstein's rapid stamp issues.<br />

MI No. Scott No Issue Date Design<br />

17-24 18-25 May 5, 1920 National Coat of Arms & Castle (Imperforate)<br />

25-39 32-46 June 1920 National Coat of Arms, Castles and Prince<br />

1 – 12 J1-J12 June 1920 Postage Due<br />

40 – 42 47-49 Oct. 5, 1920 Madonna, Birthday of Prince Johann II<br />

43 51 Feb. 1, 1921 National Coat of Arms<br />

44 52 Feb. 27, 1921 National Coat of Arms<br />

45 – 52 54-61 Feb. - April, 1921 National Coat of Arms & Cherubs<br />

53 – 60 62-69 Feb. – Nov. 1921 Castles & Princes<br />


The Author<br />

In summer of 1965, John Shotliff was hosted by<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Wagner of Stuttgart, Germany. Their son,<br />

Thomas, and John were both stamp collectors. During<br />

their return from a week in Locarno, Switzerland, they<br />

stopped at the post office in Vaduz, the capital of Liechtenstein.<br />

John was intrigued by Liechtenstein’s stamps,<br />

and bought every stamp for sale at the time. (Needless<br />

to say, he had to borrow a few Marks from Dr. Wagner.)<br />

He has been collecting and studying Liechtenstein<br />

stamps ever since with special interests in Errors, Freaks<br />

and Oddities (EFO), and the artifacts of the design,<br />

development on production processes. He is a member<br />

of the America Philatelic Society (APS), (European)<br />

Liechtenstein Collectors Club (RLS), Error, Freaks and<br />

Oddities Collectors Club (EFOCC) and the Institute for<br />

Analytical Philately (IAP).<br />

MI 11 KII MI 11 KII MI 11 KII MI 11 KII MI 14 II<br />

MI 13 DD<br />

MI 12 DD<br />

MI 12 DD<br />

Answer sheet. Answer: 8 and 4,<br />

respectively: 2 each of MI 12 DD;<br />

4 each of MI 11 KII; MI 14 II; MI<br />

13 DD<br />

For Further Reading<br />

Recommendations from the APRL research staff:<br />

Katalogue des Timbres Suisses: Suisse, Liechtenstein, ONU<br />

Geneve, Campione by Verband des Schweizerischen<br />

Briefmarken-Handels (VSBH); Association suisse de<br />

negociants en philatelie (ASNP). (Basel : VSBH/ASNP<br />

(Multipress Verlag AG), 1998. G6040 .A1 V476s 1998<br />

Katalog uber die Maschinenstempel 1911-1969 Schweiz,<br />

Liechtenstein by Max Ziesel and Verein Schweizerischer<br />

Maschinenstempelsammler (VSM). (Aarau: VSM),<br />

1970. G6041 .M149 V489k<br />

Handbuch der Werbedatumstempel Schweiz: Liechtenstein<br />

by Schweizerischer Verein der Poststempelsammler,<br />

Association suisse des collectionneurs<br />

d’empreintes postales, and G. Balimann. (Olten: SVP<br />

and ASCEP), 1993. G6041 .P857 S413h 1993<br />

Faroe Islands Stamps<br />

New September 2020 Stamp Issues<br />

<br />

<br />

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<br />

<br />

FØROYAR 27KR<br />


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Ludwig van Beethoven 250 Yrs<br />

The Faroese artist, Heiðrik á Heygum<br />

has designed the mini-sheet. He has<br />

dressed the great composer up in the<br />

Faroese national costume, placed him in<br />

quintessential Faroese surroundings. Also<br />

available as a poster - A3.<br />

Buy Faroese Stamps at www.stamps.fo<br />

Posta Faroe Islands - one of the smallest Postal Services in the world, yet known for its<br />

unique, beautiful and creative stamps, which have gained worldwide recognition since 1976.<br />

Posta Stamps, Óðinshædd 2<br />

FO-100 Tórshavn, Faroe Islands<br />

Tel. +298 346200<br />

stamps@posta.fo<br />

Faroese Chess Traditions<br />

In the Faroe Islands, the chess tradition<br />

also gained its local characteristics and<br />

these stamps describe two of them: the<br />

“Rook” and “Four-Player-Chess”. Design:<br />

Ole Wich.<br />

125 Years of Motion Pictures<br />

2020 marks the 125th anniversary<br />

of the first public motion picture<br />

screening. The stamps display 2<br />

movies by a Faroese film director,<br />

Bye Bye Blue Bird and Ludo.<br />

Our agent in the US: Nordica Inc./ David Bein<br />

E-mail: nordicad@optonline.net<br />


Carriers and<br />

Locals Society<br />

The Society’s mission is to<br />

encourage the collecting<br />

and study of United<br />

States carriers and locals.<br />



HELD FEBRUARY 2021<br />


Its principal areas of interest are:<br />

• U.S. official and semi-official Carrier services<br />

• U.S. Independent Mail Companies<br />

• U.S. Local Posts of the 19th century<br />

• U.S. Eastern Expresses of the 19th century<br />

• Fakes and forgeries of U.S. Carriers and Locals<br />

• U.S. and Canadian fantasy stamps of the 19th<br />

century<br />

Benefits of membership include the C&LS’s award winning journal,<br />

its auctions and on line access to back issues of The Penny Post.<br />

To join, or renew your membership, visit<br />

our <strong>web</strong>site at www.pennypost.org.

The Allure of<br />

AMG<br />

Collecting<br />


There are many reasons why a stamp or postal history<br />

collector might select a specific area on which to focus.<br />

The Allied Military Government (AMG) specialty,<br />

more than most collecting areas, has something for<br />

everyone, spanning multiple geographic and political states,<br />

several languages, changes in government and administration,<br />

and a rich historical situation – over the course of just<br />

a few years. The AMG either issued or sanctioned the issuing<br />

of stamps in Italy, the Free Territory of Trieste (FTT),<br />

Venezia Giulia (VG), Austria, France, Germany, Korea, and<br />

the Ryukyu Islands. Figure 1 pictures stamps issued or sanctioned<br />

by the AMG for use in each of the areas that were<br />

under AMG administration – just a few of the numerous<br />

stamps and postal stationery items issued under AMG authority<br />

between 1945 and 1972. Before discussing those areas,<br />

some background on what the AMG was and the role it<br />

played during and following World War II (WWII) is necessary.<br />

During the latter part of WWII, as the Allied forces<br />

liberated territory that was previously held by the Axis powers,<br />

military representatives from the Allied forces filled a<br />

temporary vacuum by providing administrative functions<br />

normally supplied by local and national governments until<br />

newly constituted governments could be established. The<br />

term AMG refers to the representatives from one or more of<br />

the Allied military forces supplying administrative services<br />

until those local and national governments were able to<br />

resume normal services under new leadership. Among the<br />

services provided were law enforcement, taxation, judicial<br />

services, and postal services. Postage stamps were issued<br />

to allow people to communicate with those within and<br />

outside liberated areas and revenue stamps were created to<br />

Figure 1. Examples of AMG issues for Italy<br />

(pictured from left to right and top to bottom)<br />

Italy (Scott 1N10, 20 Centesimi, 1943), Austria<br />

(Scott 4N1, 1 Groschen, 1945), France (Scott<br />

476H, 10 Francs, 1944), VG (Italy Scott 1LN10,<br />

20 Lire, 1946), FTT (Italy Trieste Scott 9, 10 Lire,<br />

1947), Germany (Scott 3N6a, 8 Pfennigs, 1945),<br />

Korea (Scott 56, 5 Cheun on Japan 14 Sen,<br />

1946), and the Ryukyu Islands (Scott 3, 20 Sen,<br />

1949).<br />


Map 2. Map showing U.S., British, French, and Soviet zones in Austria.<br />

Map 3. Map showing<br />

U.S., British, French,<br />

and Soviet zones in<br />

Germany.<br />

Map 1. Map of the FTT (from VFW, September 1991)<br />

showing areas under AMG control (Zone A) and<br />

Yugoslavian control (Zone B).<br />

facilitate payment of taxes and fees collected on business<br />

transactions, licenses and permits. Those postal and revenue<br />

stamps were issued under the authority of the AMG<br />

in liberated areas administered by the AMG.<br />

The AMG administered various areas in Europe and<br />

Asia following the liberation of Sicily in 1943 and the defeat<br />

of Japan in 1945. The administered areas, dates of administration,<br />

and AMG forces responsible for administration<br />

are shown in Table 1. The area of VG, which included the<br />

city of Trieste, was jointly administered by U.S. and British<br />

forces until the creation of the FTT in 1947. The FTT (see<br />

Map 1) was split into two parts, Zones A and B. Zone A was<br />

governed by the U.S. and British militaries (the AMG) and<br />

Zone B by the Yugoslav forces. In October 1954, the FTT<br />

was divided between Italy and Yugoslavia in the London<br />

Memorandum, which was signed by the U.S., Britain, Italy,<br />

control, the two countries and the German city state of<br />

Berlin were broken into areas administered by the U.S.,<br />

British, French, and Soviet military forces (see Maps 2, 3,<br />

and 4). The areas administered by the U.S., Britain, and<br />

and Yugoslavia. Most of FTT Table 1. AMG-administered areas.<br />

Zone A, which included the city<br />

Administered Area AMG Administrator(s) Dates of Administration<br />

of Trieste, went to Italy and Zone<br />

Austria U.S., Britain, France, USSR 4/27/1945 - 7/27/1955<br />

B, along with a small portion of<br />

Zone A, went to Yugoslavia. The<br />

1975 Treaty of Osimo formally<br />

ended all disputes regarding the<br />

France<br />

Free Territory of Trieste (FTT)<br />

Germany<br />

Free French Forces<br />

U.S., Britain, Yugoslavia<br />

U.S., Britain, France, USSR<br />

1944 - 1945<br />

9/15/1947 - 10/5/1954<br />

1945 - 1949<br />

areas around Trieste by legally Italy, including Sicily U.S., Britain 8/17/1943 - 1945<br />

ceding the previously divided<br />

Korea U.S. 9/8/1945 - 8/15/1948<br />

areas to Italy and Yugoslavia.<br />

Ryukyu Islands U.S. 1945 - 5/14/1972<br />

In 1945, once Austria and<br />

Germany came under Allied Venezia Giulia (VG) U.S., Britain 6/1945 - 9/14/1947<br />


Map 4. Map showing U.S., British, French, and Soviet sectors in<br />

Berlin.<br />

France were then unified as the Federal Republic of Germany<br />

(West Germany) in 1949. The area administered by<br />

the Soviets became the German Democratic Republic (East<br />

Germany) and remained under Soviet influence until October<br />

3, 1990, when the German Democratic Republic became<br />

part of the Federal Republic of Germany. The four Allied<br />

forces remained in Austria until it was given full independence<br />

in 1955, after assurances that it would remain neutral<br />

in political conflicts between the communist Soviet Union<br />

and the three democratic powers.<br />

When the AMG collecting area first evolved shortly<br />

after the conclusion of WWII, many of those attracted to it<br />

were people who served in the Armed Forces or supported<br />

the war effort during the war. In the U.S., the collecting of<br />

AMG stamps and postal history was primarily driven by the<br />

efforts of a single individual, Joseph V. Bush, who founded<br />

the Joseph V. Bush Co. while recovering from injuries sustained<br />

when stationed in Britain during WWII. Many of<br />

his early customers had a direct personal connection to the<br />

AMG postage and revenue stamps as, in some instances,<br />

they served or worked in the liberated areas and used or<br />

Figure 2. Italy Scott 1N1, 15<br />

Centesimi, released by the<br />

AMG in August 1943 for use<br />

in Sicily.<br />

Figure 3. Italy Scott 1N11,<br />

35 Centesimi, overprinted<br />


on Italy Scott 217 in December<br />

1943 for use in Naples.<br />

received the AMG stamps on mailings. Although most of<br />

those directly involved in the conflict are no longer with<br />

us, there are still many who had parents and grandparents<br />

or other relatives that fought in World War II. Since many<br />

of those relatives were involved in the conquest and/or<br />

occupation of lands previously held by the Axis Forces, it<br />

is only natural for their descendants to have an interest in<br />

the stamps and postal history associated with those efforts,<br />

an interest that might be increased if those descendants also<br />

had family roots in the occupied areas.<br />

The very first stamps issued by the AMG (Figure 2,<br />

Italy Scott 1N1) were designed and printed by the Bureau<br />

of Engraving and Printing (BEP) and released in Sicily on<br />

August 24, 1943, after the island was fully secured by Allied<br />

military forces. Although those stamps were valid for use in<br />

any liberated areas of Italy, very few were ever used outside<br />

of Sicily. Once an armistice was agreed upon with the provisional<br />

Italian government<br />

on September 8,<br />

1943, the AMG did not<br />

think it appropriate to<br />

issue the Sicily stamps<br />

on the mainland as that<br />

was the responsibility of<br />

the provisional government<br />

with the sanctioning<br />

of the AMG. For<br />

example, stamps from<br />

the Italian Royalist issue<br />

of 1929-1942 (Figure 3,<br />

Italy Scott 1N11) were<br />

overprinted “GOVERNO<br />


Figure 4. Italy Scott 439,<br />

watermarked 50 Centesimi Bari<br />

Wolf issue, authorized by the<br />

AMG in 1944 for use in liberated<br />

areas of Italy.<br />


GOVERNMENT) for use<br />

in Naples under the authority of the AMG. The provisional<br />

government also issued stamps sanctioned by the AMG,<br />

picturing the Bari Wolf (Figure 4, Italy Scott 439), for use in<br />

other liberated areas of Italy.<br />

Many of the earlier issues for use in Europe have a significant<br />

tie to the U.S. as they were designed and/or printed<br />

by the U.S. BEP in Washington, D.C., including the Italian/<br />

Sicilian, French, German AM Post (i.e., Allied Military<br />

Post), and the Austrian issues. Figure 5 shows examples of<br />

stamps from each basic set produced by the U.S. BEP. Later<br />

printings of the AM Post issues were printed in London,<br />

England, and Brunswick, Germany. The London printings<br />

used the same designs and the Brunswick printings used<br />

slightly altered variations of the BEP designs. Many AMG<br />

collectors believe that the BEP-designed stamps should<br />

be included in the Scott Specialized Catalogue of United<br />

States Stamps & Covers since it is the reference used by<br />

most advanced U.S. collectors. Unfortunately, there is currently<br />

no good single source of information for those issues,<br />

forcing collectors who require in-depth information to use<br />


Figure 5. Examples from each set of stamps designed and produced by the U.S. BEP (from left<br />

to right), issues for Italy (Scott 1N7, 2 Lire, 1943), France (Scott 476C, 1 Franc, 1944), Germany<br />

(Scott 3N5a, 6 Pfennig, 1945), and Austria (Scott 4N10, 20 Groschen, 1945).<br />

Figure 6. Examples of (from left to right) inverted overprint (Italy<br />

Scott 1LN1, 10 Centesimi, 1945), doubled overprint (Italy Scott 1LN8,<br />

60 Centesimi, 1945), and closed “G” errors (Italy Scott 1LN12, 50 Lire,<br />

1946) on AMG VG stamps.<br />

multiple catalogs, including those produced by Scott, the<br />

German publisher Michel, the French publisher Yvert et<br />

Tellier, and Italian publisher Sassone.<br />

For those who enjoy collecting errors, freaks, and oddities,<br />

there is an abundance of AMG material that fits within<br />

this collecting area, particularly the many overprint errors<br />

and varieties on the stamps issued by the AMG for use in<br />

VG and the FTT. Many of the stamps for those areas were<br />

created by overprinting Italian stamps. VG errors include<br />

inverted overprints, doubled overprints, overprints printed<br />

on the reverse side of the stamp, and overprints with a<br />

closed “G”. Varieties include horizontally and vertically<br />

misplaced overprints, printing offsets on the reverse, and<br />

overprints with broken or malformed letters. The stamp<br />

on the left in Figure 6 (Italy Scott 1LN1) has an inverted<br />

overprint, the middle stamp (Italy Scott 1LN8) has a double<br />

overprint, and the right stamp (Italy Scott 1LN12) has a<br />

closed “G”. Figure 7 pictures several overprint varieties with<br />

the pair of stamps on the left (Italy Scott 1LN14) containing<br />

a horizontally displaced overprint, the center stamp (Italy<br />

Scott 1LN5) has a vertically displaced overprint, and the<br />

stamp on the right exhibits an offset of an overprint on the<br />

reverse. Many of these errors and varieties have the benefit<br />

of being affordable for the average collector.<br />

Back-of-book (BoB) stamps and postal stationery are<br />

popular with many collectors and there is an abundance<br />

of AMG BoB material. In particular, the FTT offers a wide<br />

variety of BoB items as it was governed by the AMG for over<br />

seven years and a broad range of BoB items were needed<br />

to finance a full range of government services. AMG BoB<br />

items include airmail, special delivery, postage due, parcel<br />

post, authorized delivery, semi-postal, Christmas seals,<br />

and revenue stamps, plus letter sheets, air letter sheets, and<br />

postal cards. A few of those BoB AMG issues are shown in<br />

Figure 7. Examples of (from left to right) horizontally displaced overprint (Italy Scott 1LN14, 25<br />

Centesimi, 1947), vertically displaced overprint (Italy Scott 1LN5, 2 Lire, 1945), and overprint offset<br />

varieties on AMG VG stamps.<br />


Figure 8a. AMG Austria postage due (Scott<br />

J200 , 60 Groschen, 1946), VG special<br />

delivery (Italy Scott 1LNE1, 10 Lire, 1946),<br />

FTT airmail (Italy Trieste Scott C20, 10 Lire,<br />

1949), and FTT air letter sheet.<br />

Figure 8a anf 8b. For those desiring<br />

to start an AMG BoB collection, the<br />

easiest place to start is with some of<br />

the more basic issues such as airmail,<br />

special delivery, postage due, and<br />

parcel post, since most are listed in<br />

the Scott catalogs. When those areas<br />

are exhausted, the collector can turn<br />

to postal stationery and the wide<br />

range of revenue and fiscal issues,<br />

which will require access to specialized<br />

catalogs, many of which are not<br />

available in English.<br />

Revenue stamps were issued in<br />

abundance in the AMG-administered<br />

areas of VG and the FTT. At the left in<br />

Figure 9 are the left and right sides of<br />

used 100 Lira Industrial-Commercial<br />

tax stamps (Bush AMG-VG IC11)<br />

and at the right is an intact mint<br />

5 Lira FTT stock transfer se-tenant<br />

stamp (Bush AMG FTT ST24). Both<br />

Industrial-Commercial and Stock<br />

Transfer stamps were printed as setenant<br />

pairs. For both the Industrial-<br />

Commercial tax stamps and the Stock<br />

Transfer stamps, the left side of the<br />

pair was attached to the portion of<br />

the invoice retained by the seller and<br />

the right side of the pair was attached<br />

to the piece of the invoice given to<br />

the purchaser. Some AMG collectors<br />

have spent decades building specialized<br />

collections of the revenue issues.<br />

A particular challenge is finding many<br />

of the revenue issues properly used<br />

on-document. Only a limited number<br />

have survived, as the stamps were<br />

Figure 8b. FTT air letter sheet.<br />

Figure 9. AMG VG Industrial Commercial tax stamps (Bush AMG-VG IC11, 100 Lire) and FTT<br />

Stock Transfer stamps (Bush AMG FTT ST24, 5 Lire).<br />

Figure 10. Scott Trieste 166 with “FTT”<br />

overprint on Italy Scott 622 issued to<br />

commemorate the 1953 running of the<br />

annual Mille Miglia (1,000 mile) motorsport<br />

endurance race which was won by drivers<br />

Giannino Marzotto and Marco Crosara in a<br />

Ferrari 340 MM Spyder Magnale.<br />


Figure 11. The 3 Franc value of the second AMG issue for France picturing the Arc de<br />

Triomphe (France Scott 523J, 3 Francs, 1945), Austrian AMG Post Horn issue (Scott 4N2,<br />

3 Groschen, 1945), and the Italian AMG Bari Wolf issue (Scott 440, 50 Centesimi, 1944,<br />

unwatermarked).<br />

Figure 12. Censored, registered letter to Vienna, Austria with a 12 Groschen (Scott 4N8) and a<br />

30 Groschen (Scott 4N12) paying the domestic surface rate and registration fee.<br />

either removed from the documents or the documents<br />

were destroyed after they were no longer of use. For those<br />

interested in the emissions for Korea, there are also numerous<br />

provisional and local issues, although many are quite<br />

expensive.<br />

Another popular collecting area involves issues with a<br />

topical or thematic interest. Many of the AMG issues have<br />

simple, practical designs, such as those created for use in<br />

Italy/Sicily and Germany, and do not lend themselves to<br />

topical or thematic collecting. Despite that, there is still<br />

plenty of material for the topical collector to pursue. The<br />

regular, commemorative, and BoB issues for the FTT and<br />

VG, along with many Ryukyu Islands stamps, fit nicely<br />

in topical or thematic collections. Figure 10 shows a 1953<br />

FTT stamp (Trieste Scott 166) picturing racing cars, which<br />

according to the Scott catalog was issued in commemoration<br />

of the 20th annual Mille Miglia (1,000 mile) auto race.<br />

Figure 11 pictures examples from the French issue depicting<br />

the Arc de Triomphe (France Scott 523J is pictured),<br />

Austrian issue picturing a post horn (Austria Scott 4N2 is<br />

pictured), and Italian Bari Wolf issue (Italy Scott 439 is pictured),<br />

which all have a place in topical collections.<br />

Postal historians wishing to specialize in the AMG area<br />

have a wide variety of AMG issues to focus on. Finding the<br />

many varieties of the AM Post issues for Germany on cover<br />

could keep you occupied for many years, especially if you<br />

want examples where the stamps are used to pay fees such<br />

as registration, special delivery, insurance, and postage due.<br />

Although some AMG issues are not hard to locate on cover,<br />

such as many AM Post and FTT Zone A issues, there are<br />

others that are quite challenging. Finding on-cover Korean<br />

stamps issued during the relatively short period of U.S. military<br />

administration from 1945 to 1948 is not easy, as there<br />

were only 26 different stamps issued and it is likely that<br />

most of those used were removed from the envelope or the<br />

envelope containing them was thrown away. Many revenue<br />


Figure 13. Domestic surface letter to Eschenbach, Germany with three 8 Pfennig AM Post<br />

stamps (Scott 3N6a, 1945) paying the 24 Pfennig domestic surface rate.<br />

Figure 14a. Ryukyu Islands classic opera<br />

issue (Scott 196, 3 Cents, 1970).<br />

Figure 14b. FTT Festival of the Mountain<br />

issue (Scott Italy Trieste 181 with “FTT”<br />

overprint on Italy Scott 634, 25 Lire, 1953)<br />

FDCs.<br />


issues for VG and FTT Zone A are also quite hard to find<br />

used on-document as many of those documents were not<br />

retained after the need to show payment of the tax or fee<br />

had passed. Figure 12 pictures a cover mailed from Villach<br />

to Vienna in Austria and censored by the British military<br />

censor. The cover, which has 30 Groschen (Scott 4N12) and<br />

12 Groschen (Scott 4N8) AMG stamps paying the domestic<br />

surface rate and registration fee, was mailed on October 18,<br />

1945, and received on October 20, 1945, in Vienna. Covers<br />

showing payment of postal fees, such as registration,<br />

are much harder to find than those just paying the basic<br />

domestic rate. Figure 13 shows a typical AM Post cover<br />

with three 8 Pfennig Washington-printed stamps (Germany<br />

Scott 3N6a, 1945) paying the 24 Pfennig domestic surface<br />

rate for a letter sent on March 22, 1946, from Auerbach to<br />

Eschenbach, Germany, both within the U.S. occupied zone.<br />

First day cover (FDC) collectors will not feel left out,<br />

as there are FDCs available for many AMG regular issues,<br />

commemoratives, and some BoB issues. There are both<br />

addressed and unaddressed FDCs, with and without cachets.<br />

In many instances, there are multiple cachets for a single<br />

issue and cachet artists/creators who designed cachets for<br />

a wide range of issues. Thus, it is possible to develop a collection<br />

that is focused on either a single AMG issue or a<br />

cachet designer. FDCs are easiest to locate for the issues of<br />

the FTT and Ryukyu Islands, as those areas issued stamps<br />

over a longer time frame than any other AMG-administered<br />

areas.Figures 14a and b show FDCs for the 1953 FTT 25 Lire<br />

mountain festival issue and the 1970 Ryukyu Islands 3 Cent<br />

classic opera issue (Scott 196).<br />

Since AMG stamps and postal history cover such a<br />

broad range of collecting interests, it is only natural that<br />

many different types of collectors are drawn to AMG collecting.<br />

Despite the breadth of the AMG collecting area, a<br />

basic AMG collection containing one of each face-different<br />

AMG-issued stamp, although a challenge, is possible to<br />

complete, unlike a worldwide collection or even many<br />

country collections. An AMG collection also offers the<br />

opportunity to specialize, whether it be in the issues and<br />

postal history for a given country (e.g., Italy, Germany) or<br />

in a specific type of stamps (e.g., all revenue issues). Since<br />

my goal is to introduce readers to AMG collecting, I have<br />

only touched on a few of the possible ways to collect AMG<br />

stamps. Once you have started down the AMG collecting<br />

path, many other options will present themselves.<br />

If you’re having trouble finding affordable new material<br />

for your current collecting area(s) or you are looking for<br />

an interesting new challenge, AMG collecting may be the<br />

solution. There is a group dedicated to the study of AMG<br />

collecting, the AMG Collectors’ Club (AMGCC), which is<br />

also an APS chapter. Dues in the AMGCC are only $20 a<br />

year and it publishes the A.M.G. Courier, a quarterly awardwinning<br />

journal (Large Silver at 2017 APS StampShow and<br />

Vermeil at 2020 Chicagopex). The AMGCC <strong>web</strong>site (www.<br />

amgcollectors.org) also has an abundance of reference<br />

material, including album pages and back copies of the<br />

journal, available for download by members. Do yourself<br />

a favor and become an AMG collector today. You will not<br />

regret the decision.<br />

For information on joining the AMGCC, either go to<br />

the club <strong>web</strong>site or contact the club Secretary/Treasurer,<br />

David Arking, via email at arkmail@comcast.net or mail at<br />

223 Williamsburg Rd., Lansing, MI 48917.<br />

Comments about this article or general question regarding<br />

the AMGCC or AMG collecting area may be sent to me<br />

via email at rich@pedersonstamps.com or by mail at PO<br />

Box 662, Clemson, SC 29633.<br />

The photo negative in the header is of Catania, Sicily,<br />

in 1943, by photographer Nick Parrino. The Allied military<br />

government supplied flour for the towns hardest hit by the<br />

war after all local sources had been exhausted. Courtesy of<br />

Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information<br />

photograph collection (Library of Congress).<br />

References<br />

Wilcke, Harry W., M.D. (ed.). Bush A.M.G. Catalog – Handbook (Joseph V.<br />

Bush, Inc.; 1993).<br />

Cass, Harry, and Bush, Joseph (eds.). Bush – Cass Catalog of AMG Revenue<br />

Stamps (Joseph Bush; 1956).<br />

Houseman, Donna (ed.). Scott 2018 Specialized Catalogue of United States<br />

Stamps & Covers (Amos Media Co.).<br />

Snee, Charles (ed.). Scott 2015 Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue, volumes 1-4<br />

(Scott Publishing Co.)<br />

The Author<br />

Richard Pederson is editor of the A. M. G. Courier,<br />

<strong>web</strong>master for the AMGCC, the club’s APS representative,<br />

and a past president and vice president of the AMGCC.<br />

For Further Reading<br />

Recommendations from the APRL research staff:<br />

A.M.G. Catalog-Handbook by Harry Cass. (Bonita, CA:<br />

Joseph V. Bush, 1958. G5700 .A1 C343am<br />

The AMG Story: The Philatelic Story of the Allied Military<br />

Government in Europe at the Close of World War II by<br />

Harry Wilcke. (Columbus, OH: United States Possessions<br />

Philatelic Society, 1994. G5701 .O15 W667a<br />

1994<br />

A.M.G. Courier: The Journal of the AMG Collectors' Club by<br />

AMG Collectors' Club. (Clemson, SC: AMG Collectors'<br />

Club, 2015-Present). JOURNAL AMG Courier<br />


From Hubble to<br />

Hale-Bopp and<br />

Other Stories<br />


Figure 1. Visions of the Universe, designed by Robert Ball and issued in February 2020 by Royal Mail.<br />


A<br />

year ago, my article “A<br />

Stamp on the Universe”<br />

appeared in the January<br />

2020 issue of The American<br />

Philatelist. Many readers have<br />

sent me parcels of their astronomy-<br />

and space-related philatelic<br />

material. I decided to write about<br />

some of the covers, and stamps<br />

that I have received.<br />

These gifts form an incredible<br />

historical timeline of achievements<br />

in space and have<br />

encouraged me to read deeply<br />

into the history of U.S. space<br />

research, comets, astronauts<br />

and Apollo missions, many of<br />

which are subjects I knew little<br />

about before now. I have also<br />

included a recent set of astronomy<br />

and space stamps issued on<br />

my side of the pond, which will<br />

allow me to kick off this article<br />

with a rather lovely set of colorful<br />

astronomy stamps issued at the<br />

beginning of 2020 in the United<br />

Kingdom.<br />

The Bicentenary of the<br />

Royal Astronomical Society<br />

On February 11, 2020, the Royal Mail issued a set of<br />

stamps to commemorate the bicentenary of the Royal<br />

Astronomical Society (RAS). Formed on January 12, 1820,<br />

at a tavern in London, the society has now grown to 4,000<br />

members and is one of the most eminent societies in the<br />

world, promoting astronomy and geophysics.<br />

The issue, called Visions of the Universe, has eight stamps<br />

in total illustrating astronomical phenomena: Comet 67P,<br />

the Cats Eye Nebula, geysers on Enceladus, pulsars, Jupiter’s<br />

auroras, the galaxy Cygnus, gravitational lensing and black<br />

holes (Figure 1). Each stamp includes one simple line of<br />

text that describes phenomena which have been discovered<br />

or investigated by British astronomers and astrophysicists.<br />

For example, the 1st class Black Hole stamp displays the text<br />

“Black holes are super-dense regions of space” and is a nod<br />

to the English natural philosopher John Michell who first<br />

suggested their existence in 1783 and the famous late British<br />

professor and theoretical physicist, Stephen Hawking, who<br />

made predictions about their behaviour.<br />

Illustrated by London-based artist Robert Ball, the<br />

stamps are colorful in hues of blues and red and bring to<br />

life these amazing phenomena in a way that photographs<br />

certainly could not. In particular, the Black Hole stamp is<br />

based on the work of Dr. Ziri Younsi of University College<br />

London, who was part of the Event Horizon Telescope<br />

team that captured the ground-breaking first image of a<br />

black hole in 2019. Younsi shared computer models of his<br />

work on black holes with Robert Ball to inform the illustrated<br />

design. These stamps are a fitting celebration for the<br />

bicentennial of a prestigious society and the contributions<br />

of British scientists to research in this field.<br />

Figure 2. The Black Hole pictorial cancellation used here<br />

pays homage to Stephen Hawking’s work in the study of<br />

black holes.<br />


Figure 3. The 1981 Space Achievement issues (Scott 1912-9) include<br />

one premature stamp depicting the Hubble Space Telescope (Scott<br />

1919), which would not be launched until nine years after the issue.<br />

Companies such as Benham and The Westminster Collection,<br />

and private organizations that produce their own<br />

official first day covers, can sponsor their own special handstamps<br />

or pictorial handstamps. These sponsored astronomy-themed<br />

handstamps have been used to cancel the<br />

stamps on certain Visions of the Universe covers and add<br />

to the delightful theme of the stamps. To obtain a special<br />

handstamp, the collector must affix the stamps to a cover and<br />

send it to special handstamp centers located throughout the<br />

UK, where it is stamped and returned to sender.<br />

For this issue, special handstamps include the original<br />

logo of the RAS – Herschel’s 40-foot telescope (the RAS<br />

unveiled a new, updated logo in January for its bicentenary)<br />

– an image of a black hole, and an illustration of the solar<br />

system (Figure 2).<br />

Figure 4. Three custom covers canceled on important dates in<br />

the Hubble Space Telescope’s history: April 24, 1990, the date of<br />

Discovery’s launch; April 25, 1990, the date of the Hubble Space<br />

Telescope’s deployment; and April 29, 1990, the date that Discovery<br />

touched back down to Earth.<br />

Figure 5. This combo cover marks<br />

three additional dates in Hubble Space<br />

Telescope’s history: May 21, 1981, the date<br />

of issue of the Comprehending the Universe<br />

stamp depicting the HST; April 24, 1990, the<br />

date of Discovery’s launch; and December 2,<br />

1993, the date of Endeavor’s launch with the<br />

servicing team.<br />


Hubble Space Telescope<br />

On May 21, 1981, eight stamps were issued by the USPS<br />

at the Kennedy Space Center to commemorate the nation’s<br />

achievements in space (Scott 1912-9). One of the stamps<br />

depicts the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), which was set<br />

to be launched in October 1986; however, the Challenger<br />

disaster halted all space shuttle programs until a full investigation<br />

of why the shuttle broke apart 73 seconds after<br />

launch had been carried out. Hubble was finally launched<br />

on April 24, 1990. The 18¢ stamp displays the text “Comprehending<br />

the Universe” (Figure 3).<br />

The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) celebrated its 30th<br />

anniversary on April 24, 2020. In 1990, the telescope launched<br />

from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida aboard the orbiter<br />

Discovery. The telescope’s launch was the 35th mission of<br />

the space shuttle program and massively transformed our<br />

understanding of the universe and our place within it. Orbiting<br />

340 miles above the Earth, the telescope has discovered<br />

moons orbiting Pluto, collected data about galaxies and even<br />

contributed data for research on black holes.<br />

In the past months I’ve received postmarks and signatures<br />

on covers that tell the story of Hubble to an extent.<br />

What follows are three custom covers depicting printed<br />

Figure 6. These autographed covers were a gift to the<br />

author from collector John Macco. The four covers, all date<br />

stamped February 11, 1997, were signed by four Mission<br />

Specialists who were aboard Discovery. Macco sent the<br />

covers individually to the Astronaut Office at the Johnson<br />

Space Center with a request for signatures.<br />


Figure 7. A full sheet of the Apollo 11 airmail stamps (Scott C76), issued September 9, 1969.<br />

cachets of the HST and date stamped with three key dates of<br />

the mission: April 24, 1990, the date of Discovery’s launch;<br />

April 25, 1990, the date that the telescope was deployed; and<br />

April 29, 1990, the date that Discovery touched back down<br />

to Earth (Figure 4). Each postmark is at Greenbelt, Maryland,<br />

which is home to the Goddard Space Flight centre, the<br />

control center for the HST.<br />

The custom covers are printed with an image of the<br />

HST orbiting the Earth. The mission number is printed<br />

below the image - Space Transportation System STS-31/<br />

Space Shuttle Discovery, the shuttle that launched the HST<br />

into orbit. Two of the covers are embellished with a stamp<br />

that was issued for the 20th Universal Postal Congress on<br />

November 27, 1989, and depicts a shuttle involved in a midspace<br />

mail transfer. This stamp was issued as a set of four<br />

with each stamp illustrating what postal delivery may look<br />

like in the future.<br />

The stamp affixed to the cover dated April 25, 1990, has<br />

an interesting history. It is a self-adhesive stamp depicting<br />

an Eagle and Shield (Scott 2431). Costing 25 cents, this selfadhesive<br />

imperforate stamp was unveiled on November 19,<br />

1989, at the annual VAPEX stamp show in Virginia after a<br />

15-year hiatus in the production of self-adhesive stamps.<br />

“Why the hiatus?” you may ask. One of the first selfadhesive<br />

stamps (Scott 1552), issued in 1974 and depicting<br />

a dove weathervane on the top of George Washington’s<br />

home, Mount Vernon, was deemed a failure due to the<br />

expense of production, the gum bleeding through onto the<br />

stamp paper and ease of re-using the stamps. Production<br />

was halted until 1989, when the USPS decided to try again,<br />


this time using an acrylic-based adhesive. The Eagle and<br />

Shield was available to only fifteen cities in Virginia and<br />

deemed another failure because of the higher premium that<br />

customers had to pay for the stamp booklets. The USPS<br />

finally issued its first nationally distributed self-adhesive<br />

stamp, the 29¢ Eagle and Shield stamp, in 1992.<br />

When the first images from the HST were returned to<br />

Earth, there was a noticeable problem. The images were not<br />

as clear as they should have been and were significantly below<br />

the expected quality. Further analysis showed that the mirror<br />

had been ground into the wrong shape ever so slightly – a<br />

minor flaw, but enough to compromise the telescope’s use<br />

almost entirely. So, on December 2, 1993, with seven astronauts<br />

aboard Endeavour, Servicing Mission 1 was launched<br />

from the Kennedy Space Center to correct the problem<br />

(Figure 5).<br />

On February 11, 1997, seven further crew members<br />

were launched aboard Discovery to undertake repairs and<br />

upgrades of the HST. This was the 82nd mission of the<br />

space shuttle program. Four covers in my collection have<br />

been signed by four of the five Mission Specialists - Joseph<br />

Tanner, Mark Lee, Steven Smith, and Steven Hawley. Mark<br />

Lee and Steven Smith carried out three of the five EVAs<br />

(Extra Vehicular Activity) while Gregory Harbaugh, also a<br />

Mission Specialist and Joseph Tanner undertook the other<br />

two. Steven Hawley, already an accomplished astronaut,<br />

was part of STS-31, the mission that launched the HST in<br />

1990 (Figure 6).<br />

Apollo 11<br />

One of the greatest achievements in U.S. space history,<br />

the Apollo program ran from 1961 to 1972. The Apollo 11<br />

mission in particular will forever be stamped firmly in the<br />

Figure 8. Mission patch for Apollo 11, courtesy of NASA on the<br />

Commons Flickr.<br />

Figure 9. An cover autographed from Luboš Kohoutek, discoverer of Comet Kohoutek in<br />

1973. The cover is date stamped January 15, 1974, the date of the comet’s closest approach<br />

to Earth.<br />


Figure 10. This cover is date stamped March 24, 1995 – two days after Hale-Bopp’s closest approach to Earth,<br />

and eight days before the comet passed perihelion. The cachet’s artwork comes from Alan Hale’s book<br />

Everybody’s Comet: A Layman’s Guide to Hale–Bopp.<br />

history books in more ways than one for successfully sending<br />

mankind to the moon on July 20, 1969. An abundance of<br />

stamps, covers and other memorabilia were created to mark<br />

this occasion.<br />

Thanks to an exceptionally generous APS member, I<br />

have been sent a large amount of Apollo 11 material spanning<br />

50 years, including a mint sheet of thirty-two 10¢<br />

Moon Landing stamps issued on September 9, 1969, which<br />

is a wonderful new addition to my collection (Figure 7). The<br />

single stamp, designed by Paul Calle, was issued to celebrate<br />

mankind’s historic visit to our celestial neighbor and illustrates<br />

Neil Armstrong setting foot on the Moon, embarking<br />

from Eagle, the lunar lander. This stamp’s design was the<br />

subject of Chris Calle’s 50-year retrospective, published in<br />

the July 2019 issue of The American Philatelist.<br />

Using some of the Apollo 11 material that had been sent<br />

to me, I entered a Stanley Gibbons competition in May.<br />

The aim of the competition was to display, on a single page,<br />

a window into a significant moment in history. Judged by<br />

Peter Cockburn, vice president of the Royal Philatelic Society<br />

and Graham Winters, chair of the Association of British<br />

Philatelic Societies, I was one of the eight winners in the<br />

Master class with my exhibit called “We Choose to Go to<br />

the Moon in This Decade.”<br />

While working on my exhibit and sorting through the<br />

material, the most interesting detail that I came across<br />

relates to the Apollo 11 logo that had been designed for the<br />

mission by Aldrin, Collins and Armstrong (Figure 8). The<br />

logo depicting an Eagle clutching an olive branch appears<br />

regularly on covers and philatelic memorabilia, but it may<br />

have gone unnoticed to some that the illustration of Earth<br />

from the Moon is incorrect. The Earth phase, or “Terra<br />

phase” is a term used to describe the sunlit portion of the<br />

Earth. During these phases, the shadow would never fall on<br />

the “left-hand side” of Earth. This mistake was never corrected,<br />

for reasons I have yet to find out!<br />

Comets<br />

Comet Kohoutek is perhaps best remembered as the<br />

comet that never was. Discovered in 1973 by Luboš Kohoutek,<br />

a Czech astronomer, this icy visitor from the outer Solar System<br />

is a long-period comet, which means that it has an orbital<br />

period exceeding 200 years and we won’t see it again for<br />

another 75,000 years. The comet was hyped to be the comet<br />

of the century but unfortunately, it was not to be. The nakedeye<br />

comet largely disintegrated upon its approach to the Sun<br />

and consequently was not as bright as expected.<br />

I was sent a homemade cover signed by Kohoutek along<br />

with a note from the sender, dated July 15, 1974, asking<br />

Kohoutek to autograph the cover. An 8¢ black and orange<br />

stamp (U.S. Scott 1488) celebrating the 500th anniversary<br />

of the birth of Copernicus, famous 15-century astronomer,<br />

is affixed to the cover. The cover has been date stamped<br />

on January 15, 1974, the date of Kohoutek comet’s closest<br />

approach to Earth (74,940,000 miles) and a pictorial<br />

postmark cancels the stamp. Kohoutek returned the signed<br />

cover to the sender on August 25, 1974 (Figure 9).<br />

It has been 25 years as of July 2020 since comet Hale-<br />

Bopp was discovered; I remember in my teens, whenever<br />

nights were clear, gazing up at the comet hanging effortlessly<br />

in the dark. Moving across our skies for approximately<br />

18 months, Hale-Bopp was the most observed comet of the<br />

twentieth century. Discovered independently by Alan Hale<br />

and Thomas Bopp in the United States on July 23, 1995,<br />

the comet passed perihelion, its closest approach to Earth,<br />


on April 1, 1997, and<br />

shone bright at magnitude<br />

of +2, roughly the same<br />

brightness of Polaris, the<br />

North Star. However, due<br />

to its size (approximately<br />

80 km) and proximity to<br />

Earth, even in light-polluted<br />

towns and cities, it was<br />

visible to the naked eye.<br />

I was sent a cover date<br />

stamped at Cloudcroft,<br />

New Mexico, where Alan Hale first made his discovery<br />

(Figure 10). Earlier this year, I had the privilege of interviewing<br />

Alan for the Sky at Night and The Society for Popular<br />

Astronomy. I asked him how he felt when he made the<br />

discovery:<br />

“I was very excited about the discovery. The<br />

comet was dim, at only 11th magnitude so I had no<br />

way of knowing at the time that it would turn out to<br />

be such a bright object . . . I figured that, at best, it<br />

might be a newly found short-period comet which<br />

would be returning every few years.”<br />

At the time of the discovery, Alan was observing two comets,<br />

71P/Clark and 6P/d’Arrest.<br />

“I had finished observing 71P/Clark, and I had an<br />

hour or so to wait before 6P/d’Arrest became high<br />

enough to observe, so I passed the time by looking<br />

at deep-sky objects. When I turned the telescope to<br />

the globular star cluster M70 in Sagittarius I noticed<br />

a dimmer, fuzzy object in the same field of view.”<br />

Alan confirms that we have learned a great deal from the<br />

comet’s visit from the outer Solar System:<br />

“Many of the substances identified in Hale-Bopp<br />

have also been detected in interstellar gas and dust<br />

clouds and in forming planetary disks within those<br />

clouds, so study of the comet has certainly helped fill<br />

in gaps in our knowledge about how planets form.”<br />

To celebrate the 25th anniversary of the discovery of<br />

Hale-Bopp, Alan has compiled Ice and Stone 2020, a weekly<br />

series of online presentations throughout 2020 covering<br />

small bodies of the solar system such as comets and asteroids.<br />

It is available at no charge to educators and students<br />

around the world from earthriseinstitute.org.<br />

What Will the Future Bring?<br />

The celebration and commemoration of space achievements,<br />

technological advancements and discoveries<br />

throughout history has produced an endless, beautiful cornucopia<br />

of stamps, covers, postmarks and even numismatic<br />

delights. There are some really exciting events to look forward<br />

to in the coming years, as those who have followed the<br />

recent SpaceX launch in the U.S. will agree. This includes<br />

the launch of the James Webb Telescope on October 31,<br />

2021, the European Space Agency’s Solar Orbiter, which<br />

will begin scientific operations in November 2021, and the<br />

Mars Rover 2020 Perseverance landing on the red planet<br />

in February 2021. There is so much scope for future commemorations<br />

and celebrations of space exploration and<br />

astronomy. I think it is a rather exciting time for us stamploving<br />

astronomers, and I for one cannot wait to see what<br />

the world of philately holds.<br />

The Author<br />

Katrin Raynor-Evans is a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical<br />

Society and Royal Geographical Society. She is a<br />

member of the European Astronomical Society and Astro<br />

Space Stamp Society. She writes articles and interviews for<br />

popular astronomy magazines including the BBC Sky at<br />

Night, Stanley Gibbons and is the Features Editor for the Society<br />

for Popular Astronomy’s magazine, Popular Astronomy.<br />

She is co-authoring her first book. Asteroid 446500 Katrinraynor<br />

was recently named after her.<br />

For Further Reading<br />

Recommendations from the APRL research staff:<br />

Astronomy and Philately by Astro Study Unit, American<br />

Topical Association. (Milwaukee: American Topical<br />

Association, 1977). HE6183 .A1 A512a (ATA) No.90<br />

Space Weather, A Philatelic Journey: Solar and Space<br />

Effects on Earth and Other Planets and on Humans<br />

and Their Technology by Garry Toth and Don Hillger.<br />

(Carterville, IL: American Topical Association, 2017).<br />

HE6183 .A1 A512a no.166<br />

Astronomy on Stamps by Alphonse Mayernik. (Cambridge,<br />

MA: Harvard College Observatory, 1962).<br />

HE6183 .A859 M468a<br />

The Official Halley’s Comet Collection Postage Stamp<br />

Catalog by InterPostal Philatelic Corporation. (Sag<br />

Harbor, NY: InterPostal Philatelic Corporation, 1989.<br />

HE6183 .S732 O32<br />

Astrofax - Bulletin of the ATA Astronomy Study Unit by<br />

ATA Astronomy Study Unit. (San Antonio, TX: ATA<br />

Astronomy Study Unit, 1972-Present). JOURNAL<br />

Astrofax<br />


The Collector of Revenue<br />




IN<br />

the last column, I examined the first aspect<br />

of the definition of revenues, governmental<br />

authority. Let us begin the current exploration<br />

with the first of the many purposes of revenue stamps,<br />

namely to show that a tax has been paid or that something is<br />

exempt from taxation.<br />

Stamps that were intended to pay a tax on various kinds<br />

of transactions that are recorded on paper are commonly<br />

called documentary stamps. Most stamp collectors attracted<br />

to revenues begin with the so-called First Issues Revenues,<br />

the first issues that collectors encounter in the revenue<br />

section of the Scott Specialized Catalogue of U.S. Stamps<br />

& Covers listings (Scott R1-102). Most, but not all of these<br />

are documentary stamps. That list of stamps is so lengthy<br />

because all were inscribed with the kind of document on<br />

which they were to be placed. In Figure 1, we see a stamp<br />

inscribed Bank Check and placed on the intended type of<br />

document, a bank check. The tax on bank checks, regardless<br />

of the amount to be paid, was two cents, and is appropriately<br />

covered by the documentary stamp.<br />

The wide variety of variously inscribed documentary<br />

stamps, often in multiple denominations, made equal distribution<br />

to all parts of the country difficult. The requirement<br />

for the tax stamp to match the usage proved impractical,<br />

and was discontinued after a mere three months, at the end<br />

of December 1862. Nonetheless, most collectors of the First<br />

Issue relish finding these stamps on the intended type of<br />

document, even after the matching usage requirement was<br />

discontinued.<br />

Figure 2 shows a certificate stamp on a marriage certificate,<br />

another matching usage. Certificate stamps were<br />

required on any certificate with legal implications or standing.<br />

Interestingly, this marriage certificate is written in<br />

German, reflecting the large German immigrant population<br />

in the state of Pennsylvania, many of whom were still<br />

speaking German, or a dialect, Pennsylvania Dutch, which<br />

by the 1860s was no longer a written language. As a young<br />

boy, well I remember Pennsylvania Dutch being spoken by<br />

my grandparents when they did not wish me to understand<br />

what was going on!<br />

Most, but not all, of the First Issue revenue stamps<br />

were intended to be used on documents. Stamps inscribed<br />

Figure 1. Check drawn on the Bank of the Republic with a 2¢ stamp (Scott R6c) inscribed Bank Check.<br />


Fgure 2. German language marriage certificate with a 10¢ stamp inscribed Certificate (Scott R33c).<br />

“Proprietary” or “Playing Cards” were reserved for use on<br />

certain consumer goods such as matches, medicines, perfumes,<br />

or playing cards. Figure 3 shows an improper use<br />

of a 2¢ stamp inscribed “Playing Cards,” used on a bank<br />

check. This was in violation of the regulations. Since the tax<br />

was paid and there was no attempt to evade the tax, these<br />

improper uses appear to have been tolerated. Most collectors<br />

of the First Issue revenues seek to add such improper<br />

uses to their collections.<br />

In spite of collectors dubbing these stamps the First<br />

Issue revenue stamps, they were not the first adhesive revenue<br />

stamps used in the United States. The state of California<br />

used adhesive stamps as early as 1857 to collect taxes on bills<br />

of exchange, bills of lading (receipt of cargo shipments), and<br />

insurance policies. These adhesive stamps were validated<br />

with a handstamp showing the initials of the state controller.<br />

The example on a Second Bill of Exchange shown in<br />

Figure 4 is stamped with S.H.B, the initials of Samuel H.<br />

Brooks, who served from March 16, 1860, to November<br />

20, 1861. Bills of Exchange functioned somewhat like bank<br />

checks, and were sent from California and other western<br />

states across the country for payment at a bank in New York<br />

City. Because of the uncertainty of arrival in New York, the<br />

normal practice was to send two Bills of Exchange by different<br />

routes to the bank in New York and save a Third Bill<br />

in the company records for the unusual case that neither<br />

of the other two arrived safely. The Figure 4 example is a<br />

Second Bill of Exchange, and includes wording that it was<br />

to be paid, provided that the First Bill was unpaid. In other<br />

words, the first that arrived would be paid and the second<br />

that arrived would be ignored. There is no evidence that<br />

this particular bill was actually paid, so we can assume that<br />

the First Bill arrived and had already been paid. Nevertheless,<br />

all three bills were subject to the tax. California’s tax in<br />

this case was $1.00 for each of the bills over $400, up to and<br />

including $500.<br />

For the convenience of taxpayers, Internal Revenue<br />

also contracted with printers to imprint stamps on checks<br />

and other taxable documents during the Civil War era and<br />

lasting until June 30, 1883. In this way, the taxpayer did<br />

not have to worry about licking a stamp and pasting it on<br />

their check (Figure 5). In the example illustrated here, the<br />

contractor A. Trochsler of Boston used a design featuring<br />

the USS Monitor in the right portion of the design. Almost<br />


Figure 3. Bank check with a 2¢ stamp inscribed Playing Cards (Scott R11c), a nominal improper use of a stamp reserved for playing cards,<br />

matches, medicines or perfume. CAR are the initials of check signer, canceling the stamp.<br />

Figure 4. An 1861 Second Bill of Exchange sent from California for payment at the Bank of the State of New York,<br />

subject to the California state tax of $1.00 for bills over $400 and not exceeding $500.<br />

all the recorded examples of this particular imprinted stamp<br />

are from the New England states. Significantly, there is one<br />

1880 example recorded used in Savannah, Georgia. The<br />

USS Monitor could not have been a popular sight in Georgia<br />

ten years after the end of the Civil War, which makes the<br />

provenance of this imprint curious. Although we do not<br />

know for certain, I can easily imagine that a “carpetbagger”<br />

from New England went south after the end of the war<br />

and set up a business in Savannah. When it was time to get<br />

checks printed with imprinted stamps, the “carpetbagger”<br />

recalled his roots in New England and had them produced<br />

back home!<br />

Although the examples just described are all stamps for<br />

use on documents, these are still not the earliest examples<br />

of documentary taxes in the United States. Figure 6 shows<br />

a 1798 foreign bill of exchange written in Alexandria,<br />

Virginia, for 230 pounds sterling payable in Liverpool,<br />

England. There is an embossed seal for 50¢ (Scott RM102)<br />

in the upper left corner, the amount of federal tax due for<br />

bills of exchange for $500 to $1000. My research shows that<br />

the value of 230 pounds sterling in 1798 was about $1,000<br />

in United States currency (over $21,000 today). Perhaps<br />

of greater interest is that the embossed seal or stamp is<br />

inscribed for Maryland; the tax was collected by the federal<br />

Supervisor of Revenue for Maryland, even though there was<br />

a Supervisor of Revenue for Virginia. Such uses are fairly<br />

unusual.<br />

In the World War I era and after, the tax laws specified<br />

that the stamps for several of the documentary taxes<br />

had to have the name of the specific tax on them. This<br />

included taxes on future delivery transactions and stock<br />

transfers. Because of the enormous demands on the Bureau<br />

of Engraving & Printing because of the war, an expedient<br />

solution was implemented: one set of stamps for general<br />

documentary taxes, overprints for the stamps to be used for<br />

future delivery (Figure 7) and a different overprint for the<br />

stamps for use on stock transfers (Figure 8). This temporary<br />

measure for stock transfer stamps lasted thirteen years until<br />


Figure 5. An example of a check which has had the 2¢ tax stamp imprinted on the check before it was delivered to<br />

the New England News Co. of Boston for its use.<br />

Figure 6. An example of a bill of exchange subject to a fifty cent tax, with the payment<br />

shown by an embossed 50¢ stamp at the upper left corner. Paid in 1798, a very early use of<br />

documentary tax stamps.<br />

1940, when they were replaced by a permanent design for<br />

showing the tax on stock transfers. These separate stamps<br />

easily allowed for Internal Revenue to track how much was<br />

collected for each tax category and advise Congress about<br />

the revenue implications of possible tax rate changes for<br />

these categories.<br />

All of the above examples involve taxes on some form of<br />

financial transaction or on legal documents, like the marriage<br />

certificate. These examples follow the pattern of the<br />

initiation of taxation in most countries. As societies evolved<br />

a middle class, additional taxes on consumable products<br />

were initiated. These are often referred to as excise taxes.<br />

Excise taxes generally target two kinds of products: luxury<br />

goods and goods that the government is trying to discourage.<br />

Perfumes were one of the luxury items taxed under the<br />

general category of proprietary taxes during the Civil War<br />

era. Playing cards, sometimes known as the Devil’s cards<br />

because of their use in gambling, are an example of something<br />

in the same Civil War era that the government was<br />

trying to discourage.<br />

General proprietary stamps were issued for these excise<br />

taxes during the Civil War era – Figure 9 shows proprietary<br />

stamps canceled by Thomas Kensett & Co. and Ruth &<br />

Fleming, two canners in Baltimore, an example of luxury<br />

goods that were taxed beginning August 1, 1866. The tax<br />

was eliminated on most canned goods on March 1, 1867.<br />

Although canned goods may not seem like a luxury good<br />

today, after the Civil War canned goods grew in popularity<br />

due to their ubiquity and convenience for soldiers. In Figure<br />

10 we see an example of a proprietary stamp canceled by a<br />


Figure 7. Several examples of stamps used to pay the taxes on the contracts for the future delivery<br />

of commodities. The first example, with the handstamp “F.D.” (unlisted in Scott), was a provisional<br />

in use prior to the delivery of the proper stamps from Internal Revenue.<br />

Figure 8. Several examples of stamps (Scott RD10, 12, and 21) used to pay the taxes on the sale or<br />

transfer of ownership of stocks.<br />

Figure 9. The use of general proprietary stamps (Scott R3c) to<br />

pay the tax on canned goods by two Baltimore canners, Thomas<br />

Kensett & Co. and Ruth & Fleming.<br />

Figure 10. The use of a general<br />

proprietary stamp (Scott R29c) to<br />

pay the tax on playing cards by<br />

Samuel Hart & Co.<br />

playing card manufacturer, Samuel Hart & Co. Samuel Hart<br />

later ordered a stamp from the government with a design to<br />

be used by only one firm (Figure 11). This so-called private<br />

die proprietary stamp served the dual function of paying<br />

the tax and acting as trademark protection to discourage<br />

anyone who wished to imitate Hart’s cards and try to trade<br />

on the name of that firm.<br />

The taxation of alcohol and tobacco products are two<br />

more areas that fit into this discussion. Each of these<br />

encompasses a very large number of stamps. Both beer<br />

stamps and wine tax stamps are well covered in the Scott<br />

U.S. Specialized. But the area of distilled spirits – including<br />

alcohol warehousing, distilled spirits, wholesale liquor<br />

dealing, and rectified spirits stamps – for the most part is<br />

not covered in Scott. There is also a whole area of stamps<br />

that were applied to bottled spirits which are not truly tax<br />

stamps, even though they denote that the taxes have been<br />

paid. The catalogers of state revenue stamps have dubbed<br />

these “liquor seals,” to differentiate them from the stamps<br />

that actually collected the taxes on alcohol. In addition, the<br />

field of United States tobacco taxpaids is totally untouched<br />

by the Scott U.S. Specialized. This includes stamps for Class<br />

A and Class B cigarettes, cigars, small cigars, snuff, and<br />

pipe or chewing tobacco. I leave each of these fields for a<br />


Figure 11. The use of a private die<br />

proprietary stamp (Scott RU9b) for<br />

paying the tax on the playing cards<br />

manufactured by Samuel Hart & Co.<br />

later discussion, because in number of<br />

stamps each comes close to the size of<br />

the entire listings of revenue stamps in<br />

the Scott U.S. Specialized.<br />

Instead, I move to the interesting<br />

area of special tax stamps that most<br />

stamp collectors, when they encounter<br />

them, say are not stamps. These are<br />

known as special tax stamps because<br />

those three words appear on these<br />

overly large pieces of paper (Figure<br />

12). The item in Figure 12 measures<br />

about 6 1/4 inches wide by 6 inches<br />

tall. Before 1920 these special tax<br />

stamps measured about 11 1/2 inches<br />

wide and 7 1/4 inches tall. These are<br />

much better understood if we look<br />

at their function: to collect annual<br />

taxes on certain occupations. Once<br />

again, this is a vast field of revenues,<br />

embracing occupations dealing with<br />

tobacco, alcohol, and medicinal narcotics.<br />

There are additional occupations,<br />

but this will suffice for this<br />

overview of paying these annual occupational<br />

taxes. The size of the special<br />

tax stamps are a turnoff to many collectors;<br />

those in use prior to 1920 were<br />

even larger!<br />

There is an interesting story from<br />

about forty years ago, when the president<br />

of the American Revenue Association<br />

decided to enter his exhibit of<br />

special tax stamps in a World Series<br />

of Philately show. When the judges<br />

saw this exhibit, they told the show<br />

committee that they were not going to<br />

judge this exhibit, because it was not<br />

an exhibit of stamps. When informed<br />

Figure 12. Special tax stamp for paying the annual occupational tax for a Brewer of at least<br />

500 barrels of beer (15,500 gallons).<br />

Figure 13. Export beer stamp from the Act of June 1890 used to designate that the beer was<br />

exempt from taxes.<br />


Figure 14. Export beer stamp for bottled beer used in the 1890s to designate that it was<br />

exempt from tax.<br />

For Further Reading<br />

Recommendations from the APRL research staff:<br />

An Introduction to Revenue Stamps by Bill Castenholz.<br />

(Pacific Palisades, CA: Castenholz & Sons, c1994).<br />

G3701 .R451 C349i<br />

Introduction to United States Revenue Stamps by Richard<br />

Friedberg. ( Sidney, OH: Linn’s Stamp News,<br />

1994). G3701 .R451 F899i 1994a<br />

Documentary State Revenue Stamps of the United States<br />

of that decision, the exhibitor asked the show committee to<br />

open the frames so he could remove his exhibit. He then<br />

told them that not only would he never exhibit again, but<br />

that he did not plan to attend any national level stamp<br />

shows again. To the best of my knowledge that exhibitor<br />

kept his word. Today, an exhibit of special tax stamps would<br />

be accepted and judged.<br />

Just as we have explored these stamps that were issued to<br />

pay a tax, there are several stamps used by Internal Revenue<br />

to designate that something was exempt from a tax. We will<br />

look at just two of these stamps, both used to identify that<br />

beer (“fermented liquor”) was exempt from tax because<br />

the beer was designated for export. There were advantages<br />

for both the brewery and government. The nonpayment of<br />

taxes only to be refunded upon export was (1) preservation<br />

of the brewery’s capital and (2) elimination of paperwork<br />

for the government. These export stamps for beer were first<br />

initiated by a law passed in June 1890. Stamps issued for<br />

this purpose could be used on different sizes of kegs by cutting<br />

off the coupons on the left. It appears that this stamp<br />

(Figure 13) was intended for a quarter barrel of beer but<br />

was never used. The export beer stamp in Figure 14 was to<br />

be applied to beer that had been bottled. Again, this stamp<br />

could be used for multiple sized containers. It has been cut<br />

off for six gallons. Neither of these stamps should appear<br />

in a local store or tavern. Only kegs of beer with a taxpaid<br />

stamp on them should have ever been seen at the local bars<br />

in this country. Both of these beer examples and stamps<br />

for export of various kinds of tobacco products are rather<br />

scarce in general – especially used examples, which would<br />

have had to make their way back to this country after they<br />

had been exported.<br />

This concludes our brief survey of stamps issued to<br />

show the payment of a tax or to designate that a product is<br />

exempt from tax because it will be exported. My purpose<br />

here was not to be comprehensive, but to illustrate a broad<br />

range of examples that fulfill this one of many possible functions<br />

of revenue stamps.<br />

by Brewster Kenyon. (Long Beach, CA : Brewster C.<br />

Kenyon, 1920). G3701 .R451 K37d<br />

An Historical Reference List of the Revenue Stamps of the<br />

United States, Including the Private Die Proprietary<br />

Stamps by George Toppan. (Pacific Palisades, CA:<br />

Castenholz and Sons, 1990). G3701 .R451 T675h<br />

1899 Reprint 1990<br />

The Revenue Stamps of the United States by Christopher<br />

West and Elliot Perry. (Pacific Palisades, CA:<br />

Castenholz and Sons, 1979). G3701 .R451 W516r<br />

197<br />


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1950s<br />

Cataloging U.S. Stamps<br />


3¢ OKLAHOMA<br />


(Scott 1092)<br />

The making of the stamp<br />

When Postmaster General Arthur Summerfield issued<br />

a statement on November 2, 1956, of five commemorative<br />

stamps his department intended to issue during 1957, it<br />

came as no surprise that one was to be included to mark<br />

the golden anniversary of the granting of statehood to the<br />

Oklahoma Territory. The enthusiasm of Oklahoma institutions<br />

combined with the skillful advocacy of its energetic<br />

governor Raymond Daniel Gary (1908-1993) was behind<br />

Summerfield’s announcement.<br />

In May 1953, the Drumright newspaper publisher and<br />

editor Lou Stockton Allard (1909-1974), an enterprising<br />

member of the Oklahoma House of Representatives,<br />

secured the unanimous support of that legislative body to<br />

establish an Oklahoma Semi-Centennial Commission to<br />

arrange statewide events in honor of Oklahoma’s admission<br />

to the American Union. Oklahoma Governor Gary named<br />

the commission charged with coordinating local events,<br />

which included rodeos, parades, festivals, pioneer days and<br />

Native-American ceremonial dances. It was inevitable that<br />

Allard should serve as its chair.<br />

The first land rush in what is present-day Oklahoma<br />

occurred on April 22, 1889, and statehood came into effect<br />

on November 16, 1907. As a result, the Commission scheduled<br />

a bevy of statehood semi-centennial events to take<br />

place between April 22 and November 16, 1957.<br />

The Commission’s foremost goals were to ensure that<br />

each city and town would organize its own celebrations,<br />

that a statewide fair be organized at the State Fair Grounds<br />

in the capital, and that tourists from all over the country<br />

would be attracted by slogans such as “Visit Oklahoma<br />

First,” “From Tepees to Towers,” and, what became the<br />

central theme of the celebration, “From Arrows to Atoms.”<br />

From the outset, it pressed for the Post Office Department<br />

to give philatelic recognition to the event. In this endeavor<br />

the Commission had the unanimous support of the state<br />

government, in particular of the governor and the business<br />

community and trade unions.<br />

While it was a foregone conclusion that a stamp would<br />

be issued, there was considerable discussion about how<br />

Figure 1. Three vertical essays for<br />

the Oklahoma stamp, courtesy<br />

of the Smithsonian’s National<br />

Postal Museum Library, the Third<br />

Assistant Postmaster General<br />

Stamp Design Files.<br />


Figure 2. The slightly odd horizontal design<br />

that was approved for the Oklahoma<br />

statehood stamp. Courtesy of the<br />

Smithsonian’s National Postal Museum<br />

Library.<br />

many stamps should be issued. Oklahoman business interests<br />

and the state’s congressional delegation would have<br />

preferred two stamps: the first to be issued at Oklahoma<br />

City on April 22, the date of the 1889 land rush when the<br />

territory of Oklahoma was opened to settlement by European<br />

Americans, and the second on November 16, the date<br />

when statehood was granted, to be issued at Guthrie, the<br />

former state capital. The two dates were widely promoted<br />

by the tourist industry, as it meant that visitors would come<br />

from spring to autumn.<br />

It was proposed that the design of the April 22 stamp<br />

would feature the semi-centennial theme “Arrow to Atoms.”<br />

The lawyer Earl P. Enos suggested that the November stamp<br />

have as its centerpiece a map delineating the Indian and<br />

Oklahoma territories that coalesced to form a single entity.<br />

On the left the map would be flanked by an image of the<br />

bronze sculpture by Percy Bryant Baker (1881-1970) called<br />

the “Pioneer Woman”; on the right, a portrayal of the<br />

statue by Jo Davidson (1883-1952) of the Oklahoma-born<br />

humorist and prominent member of the Cherokee Nation,<br />

William Pen Adair “Will” Rogers (1879-1935). Will Rogers<br />

already appeared on a 3¢ postage stamp in 1948 as an extension<br />

of the Famous American Series<br />

(Scott 975). To complicate the process<br />

of deciding the venue for the first<br />

day of issue ceremony, the Oklahoma<br />

Philatelic Society announced that, as<br />

Tulsa would be the site of its annual<br />

convention to be held during the week<br />

of November 16, the stamp should be<br />

issued there.<br />

When it became clear that the policies<br />

of the Post Office Department<br />

would allow only one stamp to be<br />

issued, the tourist industry weighed in.<br />

Its representatives argued that April 22<br />

was too early in the year and November<br />

16 too late. They wanted a date that<br />

coincided with the June state fair organized<br />

by the Commission. For that reason,<br />

Postmaster General Summerfield<br />

opted for the date of June 14, to coincide<br />

with the opening of the exposition<br />

Figure 3. Scott 1092 and 1087<br />

(Polio Prevention) shared<br />

the dubious honor of “Worst<br />

Design” from a Linn’s poll of<br />

that year.<br />

in Oklahoma City – exactly<br />

51 years after Congress had<br />

passed an Enabling Bill to<br />

set in motion the march<br />

towards statehood.<br />

On February 9, 1957,<br />

Bureau of Engraving and<br />

Printing artists submitted<br />

four designs for Summerfield’s<br />

consideration, and he<br />

promptly made his choice.<br />

Three of the submissions<br />

were vertically arranged and<br />

one had a horizontal layout<br />

(Figure 1). Each of the<br />

designs featured the theme<br />

“Arrows to Atoms” and the<br />

wording “50th Anniversary<br />

of Statehood” or, in the case<br />

of the horizontal model,<br />

“50th Anniversary of Oklahoma Statehood.” The centerpiece<br />

of the vertical stamps was the exposition logo, consisting<br />

of a symbolic arrow piercing an atom. Two of these<br />

designs contained a tiny map of Oklahoma at the center of<br />

the atom atop the shaft of the arrow. One had a larger map<br />

located behind the symbol. They were true to the impressive<br />

190-foot-tall steel and corrugated arrow and atom sculpture<br />

that was erected to tower over the fairgrounds. Located at<br />

the heart of the exposition site, it served as its symbol and<br />

centerpiece.<br />

One might ask why BEP designer William Schrage<br />

proposed a horizontal layout (Figure 2). The vertical layout<br />

allows the depiction of the tower in its full glory. In<br />

the horizontal version, however, the tower, flipped on its<br />

side, looks at best like an arrow about to be fired or an<br />

Figure 4. The official semi-centennial emblem, right, uses the<br />

slogan “Teepees to Towers,” as does the Artmaster cachet on<br />

the first day cover, left. Emblem courtesy of Oklahoma City<br />

Chamber of Commerce Collection, and cover courtesy of APS<br />

StampStore.<br />


oddly designed parliamentary mace. Schrage also included<br />

a much-enlarged map of the state in his design. His model<br />

was accepted by the Post Office Department on February 9<br />

and the die proof was approved on April 5.<br />

The design<br />

The awkward design of the semi-centennial stamp is a<br />

good example of what happens when there are too many<br />

cooks in the kitchen. The Commission made several suggestions,<br />

and Governor Gary intervened at an early stage of the<br />

process. He wanted the stamp to serve as publicity for the<br />

June 14-July 7 “America’s New Frontiers Exposition,” to be<br />

held at the Oklahoma City fairgrounds.<br />

The central motif of the stamp is a horizontal arrow<br />

superimposed on a solid outline map of the state of Oklahoma.<br />

The arrow pierces the atomic symbol of interwoven<br />

ellipses, representing electron paths that supposedly symbolize<br />

atomic energy. The arrow epitomizes the frontier<br />

days of Oklahoma prior to its attainment of statehood in<br />

1907, and the atomic symbol represents the promise of science,<br />

a veritable new frontier. Across the top of the stamp<br />

the text reads, “1907 Arrow to Atoms 1957” and across the<br />

bottom, “3¢ United States Postage.” Both are in dark Gothic<br />

typeface. Arranged over five lines within the eastern half of<br />

the map of the state is the wording “50th Anniversary of<br />

Oklahoma Statehood” in white-faced Gothic.<br />

The design was not wildly popular with philatelists. In<br />

the annual poll undertaken by Linn’s, it shared the accolade<br />

of worst design of the year with the Polio stamp (Scott 1087,<br />

Figure 3). For members of the newly constituted Citizens’<br />

Stamp Advisory Committee, it represented everything they<br />

wished to change in postage design.<br />

The subject<br />

The history of modern Oklahoma begins with the forced<br />

removal during the 1830s of the “five civilized tribes” – the<br />

Cherokee, Muscogee (Creek), Seminole, Chickasaw, and<br />

Choctaw nations – from their lands as a result of the Indian<br />

Removal Act of 1830, which resulted from an insatiable<br />

hunger for land and the discovery of gold in Georgia in<br />

1828. Historians have compared the forced removals to<br />

“death marches” because of the large number of people<br />

who died on route. They were dragooned into present-day<br />

eastern Oklahoma. In this land, called “Indian Territory,”<br />

the “five civilized tribes” enacted their own constitution and<br />

established democratic systems of government and courts<br />

of law. However, this did not stop incursions by European<br />

Americans, particularly when oil was discovered in 1857.<br />

The land to the west of “Indian Territory” was opened<br />

for settlement in 1889 and European American settlers<br />


Technical information:<br />

Date of issue: June 14, 1957<br />

Catalogue numbers: Scott 1092<br />

Designer: William Karl Schrage<br />

Vignette engraver: Matthew Daniel Fenton<br />

Letter engraver: George L. Huber<br />

Color: dark blue (Scott); blue (Post Office Department)<br />

Format: Electric eye plates of 200 divided into 4 post<br />

office panes of 50 by horizontal gutters - arranged 5<br />

horizontally by 10 vertically<br />

Perforation: 11 x 10 ½.<br />

Size: 0.84 x 1.44 inches (21.34 mm x 36.58 mm)<br />

Printing: Bureau of Engraving and Printing, using a<br />

Cottrell Electronically Actuated Web Press<br />

Anomalies: None.<br />

Quantity issued: 102,219,500<br />

Plate. No. Impressions<br />

Printed<br />

25683 140,542 May 21, 1957<br />

25684 145,655 May 17, 1957<br />

25685 145,655 May 17, 1957<br />

25686 140,542 May 21, 1957<br />

First day site: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma<br />

First day covers serviced: 327,172<br />

Figure 5. The “Arrows to Atoms” semicentennial of statehood arrow,<br />

courtesy of Oklahoma City Chamber of Commerce Collection.<br />


Figure 6. The Oklahoma Philatelic Society<br />

designed the blue and gold cachet on<br />

this first day cover canceled from the<br />

Boomtown Post Office.<br />

staked claims to what previously had been Native American<br />

territory. Further land runs occurred between 1891 and<br />

1895. The area became Oklahoma Territory.<br />

In 1905, representatives from the Cherokee, Seminole,<br />

Creek, Choctaw and Chickasaw nations submitted a draft<br />

constitution for the state of Sequoyah, which Congress<br />

refused to consider. The tribes joined representatives of the<br />

Oklahoma Territory to promote the acceptance of a single<br />

state. On June 14, 1906, after years of attempting to obtain<br />

statehood for Oklahoma and the Indian territories as one<br />

or two states, Congress passed an enabling act calling for<br />

a constitution convention of members from the Oklahoma<br />

and Indian Territories and the Osage nation to draft the<br />

fundamental law required for admittance to the Union.<br />

On September 17, 1907, in a referendum, the residents of<br />

the two territories voted in favor of statehood, and on the<br />

following November 16, President Roosevelt issued Presidential<br />

Proclamation 780 admitting Oklahoma as the fortysixth<br />

state of the Union.<br />

First day ceremony<br />

Almost two months prior to the<br />

first day of issue ceremony, on April<br />

22, 1957, statewide events were inaugurated<br />

in Guthrie with a parade<br />

(Figure 4). The “Arrows to Atoms”<br />

two-hundred-foot-tall tower at the<br />

Oklahoma City state fairgrounds was<br />

dedicated and lit (Figure 5). Actor Joel<br />

McCrea, who starred in the movie The<br />

Oklahoman (1957), participated in the<br />

Guthrie parade, and joined the lighting<br />

ceremony at the state fairgrounds.<br />

On opening day of the four-weeklong<br />

fair, the entrance to the 320-acre<br />

site was arranged to resemble pioneer<br />

stockades. Governor Raymond Gary,<br />

wielding a golden tomahawk, split the<br />

lone barrier at the entrance for the<br />

formal inauguration of the festivities. Towering above the<br />

fairground was the flamboyant symbol of the semi-centennial,<br />

an elongated arrow piercing an atom, erected in the<br />

center of the grounds. Banners abounded, including one<br />

proclaiming that the purpose of the exposition was to bring<br />

the “frontiers of science to the man in the street.”<br />

The stamp was issued on the second day of the exposition<br />

at State Fair Grounds in Oklahoma City. On the designated<br />

day, at 1:30 pm, Friday, June 14, 1957, despite an<br />

intermittent dousing by rain, Master of Ceremonies Harold<br />

B. Groh (1908-1999), president of Oklahoma City Chamber<br />

of Commerce and general manager for Southwestern Bell,<br />

opened the proceedings.<br />

Governor Raymond Gary and Mayor Allen Morgan<br />

Street (1885-1969) of Oklahoma City extended a welcome<br />

to the assembled guests. Following a presentation of<br />

the dignitaries, Abe McGregor Goff (1899-1984), general<br />

counsel of the Post Office Department, mistakenly declaring<br />

that more than one postage stamp had been issued,<br />

delivered the principal address saying, “Today’s opening<br />

Figure 7a. A combo cover canceled in Oklahoma City on June 14, 1957, the first day of<br />

issue of the semi-centennial stamp, and November 16, 1982, the actual 75th anniversary of<br />

Oklahoma’s statehood.<br />


of this magnificent America’s New Frontiers exposition will<br />

further serve to remind the entire world of the strides made<br />

by this and other areas of the dynamic southwest.” He then<br />

proceeded to the ceremonial presentation of the traditional<br />

leather-bound souvenir albums. As always, each album contained<br />

a sheet of stamps autographed by Postmaster General<br />

Summerfield.<br />

In terms of philately, beginning on January 1, 1957, the<br />

Oklahoma City post office placed a cancellation publicizing<br />

the exposition in use. The towns of Enid and Guthrie also<br />

applied special cancellations.<br />

There was an exhibit in a railway<br />

mail van, and a highway mail bus was<br />

used to dispatch mail from the fair. A<br />

marking of “HPO” for Highway Post<br />

Office or “PTS” for Post Transportation<br />

Service was applied.<br />

Twenty-seven year old Ray Yanosko,<br />

an instructor at Fort Sill 617th Field<br />

Artillery Observation Battalion, who<br />

helped man the Boomtown Post Office,<br />

designed official blue and gold first<br />

day covers for the Oklahoma Philatelic<br />

Society (Figure 6). On the left side<br />

of the cachet is a drawing in blue of<br />

the exposition’s Boomtown. Above it<br />

was the contemporary Oklahoma City<br />

skyline. The Arrow and Atoms symbol<br />

was in gold. As for the lettering,<br />

“Oklahoma” is on the far left of the<br />

design and “Semi-Centennial Exposition<br />

June 14-July 7” across the top. A<br />

special non-official “Boomtown USA”<br />

cancellation in red ink was affixed on<br />

request. The Oklahoma Philatelic Society<br />

also arranged an exhibition of early<br />

covers from the Oklahoma and Indian<br />

Territories.<br />

The Post Office Department sent<br />

a special crew, led by Ralph David,<br />

to assist the Oklahoma authorities in<br />

dealing with the influx of request for<br />

first day covers (Figures 7a-c). Enthusiastic<br />

officials of the Oklahoma City<br />

For Further Reading<br />

Recommendations from the APRL research staff:<br />

“Indian Territory, Oklahoma, and the Neutral Strip” by<br />

George H. Shirk., 1955. American Philatelic Congress<br />

Book.<br />

The Butterfield Overland Mail through eastern Oklahoma<br />

by I.C. Gunning. (Oklahoma City: Eastern Oklahoma<br />

post office claimed that the stamp would be “more valuable<br />

for collectors than ordinary issues” because initially only<br />

80 million were printed. The Post Office Department was<br />

half expecting a rise in the cost of first-class postage and<br />

therefore printed fewer stamps than the 120,000,000 that<br />

had become common by the middle of the 1950s. When it<br />

became clear that the request for an increase in the cost of a<br />

first-class stamp would not be accepted, however, the printing<br />

was jacked up to 102,219,500.<br />

Figure 7b. FDC with cachet by Ken Boll. Courtesy of APS StampStore.<br />

Figure 7c. FDC with block of Scott 1092s and an Artcraft cachet, courtesy of APS StampStore.<br />

Historical Society, 1965. G4021 .E968 G976b Oklahoma<br />

Post Offices by Sharon McAllister. Oklahoma City:<br />

S. McAllister, 2001. G4021 .P855 M114o<br />

First Post Offices within the Boundaries of Oklahoma by<br />

George Shirk, George H. -- [Oklahoma City? OK]: Oklahoma<br />

Philatelic Society, 1948. G4021 .P855 S558f<br />


Adventures in Expertizing<br />

BY Ken Martin<br />

APS Director of Expertizing<br />

kpmartin@stamps.org<br />

I<br />

get lots of phone calls, the majority of which are from<br />

individuals who believe they have very valuable stamps.<br />

One caller this month claimed he has at least 50 copies<br />

of U.S. Scott 596. I told him I did not think it was likely as<br />

only 15 copies of the stamp are known and ten of those have<br />

Kansas City bureau precancels. To avoid disappointment I<br />

suggested that he just submit one example each of three or<br />

four of his rarities and wait for the results rather than submit<br />

hundreds of stamps at once.<br />

This individual was not a collector and not familiar with<br />

the Scott catalog. However, if he were, I also would have suggested<br />

that he review the identifier of definitive issues at the<br />

front of the Scott Specialized Catalogue of United States Stamps<br />

& Covers. Scott 596 is design<br />

type A155 and there<br />

are 16 catalog numbers issued<br />

for this design (which<br />

is not quite as overwhelming<br />

as the 43 listed for the<br />

2¢ Washington Franklin<br />

design type A140.)<br />

Disappointment may<br />

be avoided if the other<br />

catalog numbers for the<br />

design type can be eliminated.<br />

And when there are<br />

tremendous differences<br />

in value for the different<br />

catalog numbers, think<br />

about whether a relatively<br />

low value stamp could be<br />

altered to resemble a more<br />

valuable variety. For example,<br />

could perforations<br />

have been added to an<br />

Figure 1. The Kiusalas gauge<br />

measures U.S. perforations<br />

and offers a more accurate<br />

measurement, as not all “perf<br />

11s” are created equal.<br />

inexpensive imperforate<br />

stamp? Or perhaps could<br />

perforations have been<br />

trimmed off one or more sides of a sheet stamp to resemble<br />

a coil or imperforate?<br />

A very narrow stamp or very small margins may be a sign<br />

that perforations have been added to an imperforate or coil<br />

stamp. For United States stamps, an investment in a Kiusalas<br />

perforation gauge could also pay dividends (Figure 1). Perforations<br />

were first measured in Europe and the European<br />

method uses the number of perforations per two millimeters.<br />

In contrast, U.S. perforating machines have had pins that do<br />

the perforating spaced in 1000s of an inch – NOT in millimeters.<br />

The Kiusalas gauge measures U.S. spaced perforations.<br />

Your stamp may appear to be properly perforated 11,<br />

but there are three different sizes of U.S. perforated 11 U.S.<br />

stamps. Perforated 11-72 (72 represents the thousands of an<br />

inch between the center of perforation holes) was first used<br />

Figure 2. The same stamp measured against perf 11-72 and 11-70.<br />

The 11-72 is the correct measurement.<br />

Table 1. Specialist Gauge readings of the 1908-1923<br />

Washington-Franklin designs for easy identification. Courtesy<br />

of stampexpertizing.com.<br />

SCOTT No.<br />


331-342 12-66<br />

348-356 12-66<br />

357-366 12-66<br />

374-382 12-66<br />

385-389 12-66<br />

390-396 8.5-95<br />

405-407 12-66<br />

410-413 8.5-95<br />

414-423 12-66<br />

424-440 10-79<br />

423A 12-66 X 10-79<br />

423B 12-66 X 10-79<br />

423C 12-66 X 10-79<br />

423D 10-79 X 12-66<br />

423E 10-79 X 12-66<br />

441-447 10-79<br />

448-458 10-80<br />


SCOTT No.<br />


460 10-79<br />

461 11-72<br />

462-478 10-79<br />

486-497 10-80<br />

498-518 11-72<br />

519 11-72<br />

525-530 11-72<br />

536 12.5-63<br />

538-541 11-72 X 10.80<br />

542 10-80 X 11-73<br />

543 10-80<br />

544<br />

11-72 or 11-73 at top or bottom<br />

or both X 11-72<br />

545-546 11-72<br />

546a 11-72 X 11-72 X 11-72 X 10-80<br />

Figure 3. The same block measured against perf 11-70 and 11-73.<br />

Perf 11-70 is the correct measurement.<br />

in 1915 on two cent watermarked stamps and became generally<br />

used in 1917 on all flat plate issues (Figure 2). It was also<br />

used from 1918-22 on offset printings and rotary and more<br />

recently on Giori Press Stamps.<br />

Perf 11-73 was also used from 1917-22, though it is not<br />

as common as 11-72. The diameter of the perf holes are larger<br />

than the 11-72, being the same size as perf 10s. And perf<br />

11-70 was used in combination with 10½ - 75 Rotary issues<br />

(Figure 3). If your stamp has the wrong perforations, they<br />

have probably been added.<br />

In addition to phone calls, other inquiries come by email.<br />

Earlier this week, a member asked me: “I have nine Sardinia<br />

stamps, which, according to the catalog have a high value. Is<br />

there any way of knowing if they are legitimate without paying<br />

for expertizing?” With reference materials and study, she<br />

might be able to form an educated opinion, but if the catalog<br />

notes that counterfeits or forgeries are common for a high<br />

value stamp, it will not sell easily without an expert certificate.<br />

We also recently had an inquiry about becoming an expert<br />

on the APEX Expert Committee. We are always happy<br />

to hear from members who are qualified and interested in<br />

helping. Offering expertizing services for all countries is<br />

very challenging. Many of our 180 experts cover only a single<br />

country, and in a few cases, only a single issue of stamps.<br />

In order for all items to be reviewed by at least two outside<br />

experts, we realistically need at least three experts for every<br />

area, in case of vacations, health issues (unfortunately, some<br />

of our experts have had COVID-19), or even dangerous<br />

weather evacuations. Also, several of our experts are dealers<br />

and cannot be consulted on stamps that they sold.<br />

More experts are needed for areas with significant submissions.<br />

We currently have 75 experts for United States<br />

stamps but only three primary experts for U.S. Washington<br />

Franklins issues – and that really is not enough. We currently<br />

have five experts for the German area and would welcome<br />

additional help.<br />

APEX does not have a single test to determine if someone<br />

is qualified, but we do expect positive recommendations<br />

and references. In some cases, we may be able to find<br />

a mentor to help a potential expert. A large percentage of<br />

our experts are dealers, exhibitors and/or authors. Several<br />

have previously or presently provide their expertise for other<br />

expertizing services. Most have collected the stamps they review<br />

for 30 years or more and have their own reference collection<br />

and library.<br />

Because of postage and insurance issues, APEX experts<br />

need to reside in the United States, although occasionally we<br />

turn to an expert abroad to help with typing or plating of a<br />

stamp or review of an overprint based on scans.<br />

We ask experts to review and return items within two<br />

weeks of receipt (we provide the return postage), complete<br />

a checklist for each item, and when they find an item to be<br />

a forgery or counterfeit to give a brief explanation of why to<br />

share with the submitter. For this work we pay them $2 per<br />

item (and many generously donate the payment back to the<br />

APS). Our external experts’ names are not included on our<br />

certificates and some ask that their name not be released as<br />

an APS expert.<br />

A few areas where additional experts are currently<br />

sought:<br />

Belgian Congo<br />

Belgium<br />

British Commonwealth Bulgaria<br />

Canal Zone<br />

Czechoslovakia<br />

Diego Suarez<br />

France<br />

Haiti<br />

Germany<br />

Italy<br />

Japan<br />

Middle East<br />

Monaco<br />

Netherlands<br />

Rouad, Ile<br />

Samoa<br />

Scandinavia<br />

Switzerland<br />

Member questions related to expertizing are welcome<br />

and can be sent to me at kpmartin@stamps.org. If you are<br />

interested in becoming an expert (for the listed or any other<br />

philatelic areas) please contact me at the same address or at<br />

814-933-3817. Please include a list of the types of material<br />

you would like to expertize as well as a brief description of<br />

your qualifications.<br />


My Stamp Story:<br />

Ardis Quick<br />

I<br />

started collecting U.S. stamps when I was ten. Mystic<br />

Stamp Company was my go-to dealer for new stamps.<br />

My “album” at the time was a photo album where you<br />

pull back the cover sheet to expose the tacky page where<br />

you mount pictures, or in my case, stamps. Oh, do I hear<br />

you all groaning? – what did I know, I was only ten!<br />

Four years ago, at age 62, I attended my first stamp<br />

show. I was invited to join the Maplewood Stamp Club of<br />

White Bear Lake, Minnesota.<br />

One meeting a month and $5<br />

dues, what could I lose? I did<br />

not lose anything, but gained<br />

the friendship of a whole bunch<br />

of people who enjoy stamp collecting.<br />

After the first year in the<br />

stamp club, I decided to get serious<br />

and bought my first Scott<br />

Minuteman album for my U.S.<br />

stamps. I understood quickly<br />

my mistake at age 10 as I pulled<br />

my first two stamps out of the<br />

photo album. They were demolished,<br />

of course. With great care I was able to remove most<br />

without damage. I am still working to fill a few holes in<br />

my 20th century book. That’s where my collection started<br />

but it has since grown to 15 albums<br />

that include the Canal Zone (I find the<br />

engineering of the Panama Canal interesting),<br />

an eclectic Abraham Lincoln<br />

collection of stamps, covers, coins and<br />

other Lincoln materials, U.S. revenue<br />

stamps (still waiting to be organized)<br />

and cats.<br />

One of my first Mystic Stamp packets<br />

was cats on stamps. As I began attending<br />

more stamp shows in my area,<br />

I started looking for cat stamps to add<br />

to my slowly growing collection. I am<br />

a big cat person and look for all felines,<br />

whether wild or domestic. My cat collection<br />

now has over 2,600 stamps – I am<br />

known as the “Crazy Cat Lady” by several<br />

dealers. I am no longer surprised to<br />

hear, “Hey, I’ve got something for you,”<br />

and discover a packet of cat stamps they<br />

have laid aside for me. I share any duplications<br />

with two teenage girls in the club<br />

or put them into a topical<br />

book at the Northern Philatelic<br />

Library located in Minneapolis.<br />

I have been a member at<br />

the Library for the past three<br />

years and volunteered to organize and load donated stamps<br />

into over 90 Red Boxes. I’ve added a small topical collection<br />

of donated stamps to the library.<br />

Presently I am working on designing<br />

and pulling together games, puzzles,<br />

etc. that are stamp related and making<br />

an activity book that can be given to<br />

kids, young and old.<br />

One of my other hobbies is quilting.<br />

I found some postage stamp fabric<br />

and decided to make a lap quilt for an<br />

upcoming stamp club auction. However,<br />

our club hasn’t met in person<br />

since February because of COVID-19,<br />

Handmade masks with postage stamp fabric. so instead of making the quilt, I made<br />

100 face masks and mailed one to each<br />

member as a little surprise with our<br />

July newsletter. We have had the pleasure of resuming<br />

meetings and auctions over Zoom in recent months.<br />

A stamp club member introduced me to another stamp<br />

A cover sent through the Art Cover Exchange.<br />


Ardis with an exhibit for the Minnesota state fair.<br />

related group last year called ACE, otherwise<br />

known as Art Cover Exchange. Members design<br />

cachets to send to each other. As I love to draw<br />

and collect stamps, this was a perfect fit. I correspond<br />

and share my art with members in New<br />

Zealand, Israel, and across the U.S.<br />

I would like to acknowledge the Maplewood<br />

Stamp Club members and the Northern Philatelic<br />

Library. Through them I have learned so<br />

much about collecting, displaying and identifying<br />

stamps. Over the last two years I have entered<br />

exhibits in the Minnesota State Fair (earning a<br />

ribbon for each entry), given a presentation on<br />

topical stamp collecting with a highlight on cats,<br />

and helped identify and file stamps at the library.<br />

Now stamp collecting is so much more to me<br />

than just sticking a stamp in an album!<br />


Please send us yours, in 500 words or less. Please include a picture of yourself and your stamp collection.<br />

Email your submission to aparticle@stamps.org or mail a typewritten copy to: American Philatelic Society,<br />

100 Match Factory Place, Bellefonte, PA 16823 Attn: Stamp Story<br />

Albums! Boxes!<br />

Collections!<br />

Chris knows that many collectors<br />

and dealers like to buy their stamps by<br />

the book full, or the box full.<br />

That’s why our regular Auctions are<br />

bulging with a wide variety of bulk<br />

lots in every price range.<br />

Serving Stamp and Postal History Collectors Since 1972<br />

If you are looking for collections, box lots, accumulations<br />

or dealer’s stocks, contact us today for your FREE colour<br />

catalogue or view it online at<br />

www.vanceauctions.com<br />


P.O. Box 267, Smithville, Ontario, Canada L0R 2A0<br />

Toll Free Phone: 877-957-3364 • Fax: 905-957-0100<br />

mail@vanceauctions.com<br />

Buying China, Japan<br />

Korea: stamps & covers<br />

PR China Buy Price<br />

for Mint, NH XF<br />

Scott # We Pay<br />

344a 100<br />

357a 200<br />

542-59 400<br />

566a 400<br />

620-7 800<br />

620i-7i 2,500<br />

628 8,000<br />

716-31 450<br />

782 800<br />

798a 1,400<br />

967-80 1,500<br />

996a 2,500<br />

Scott # We Pay<br />

1211-14 150<br />

1399 250<br />

1433 130<br />

1452 140<br />

1483 70<br />

1492 300<br />

1518 700<br />

1540 100<br />

1586 900<br />

1607e 200<br />

1647a 90<br />

1761 100<br />

We buy stamps not listed.<br />

We will travel for large holdings.<br />

Rising Sun Stamps<br />

3272 Holley Terrace, The Villages, FL 32163-0068<br />

Phone: 352-268-3959<br />

E-mail: haruyo_baker@msn.com<br />


Buy and Sell<br />

BY Carol Hoffman<br />

Director of Sales<br />

choffman@stamps.org<br />

A New Year for Circuit and Internet Sales<br />

Happy New Year! Let me introduce myself. I am<br />

Carol Hoffman, the new Director of Sales. I have<br />

been with the American Philatelic Society in<br />

Circuit Sales since 1979, where I started as a Retirement<br />

Clerk. Since then, I’ve moved on to various positions in<br />

between, and to my current position as Director of Sales.<br />

I never pictured myself becoming a collector, but as years<br />

passed, I became a collector of pigs on stamps. Some people<br />

have asked, “Why pigs?” and my response is that they are<br />

fascinating animals. I find myself leaning towards pig-related<br />

postal history and have found some neat items at stamp<br />

shows.<br />

The best part of my job is interacting with members,<br />

whether it be by phone, email, at shows, or the American<br />

Philatelic Center. So, let me offer you a suggestion for the<br />

holiday season: Why not make a New Year’s resolution to add a new country<br />

or work on your existing stamp collection?<br />

The APS is here to help you to carry out this resolution through Circuit<br />

Sales and StampStore – and both can be enjoyed from the comfort of your<br />

home.<br />

Circuits are mini stamp stores sent to your home for a hands-on shopping<br />

experience. Each circuit book caters to specific collecting interests and<br />

areas, and the contents are sold by APS members like you. Join by simply filling<br />

out a circuit request form at: https://classic.stamps.org/Circuit-Request.<br />

StampStore is an online shopping experience at stampstore.org. The<br />

search page gives users the opportunity to find very specific items, look for<br />

topicals, or browse through the offerings of different stamp-issuing entities.<br />

Each item has a high quality scan so you can get a closer look before you buy.<br />

Both StampStore and circuit books are excellent resources for anyone whose<br />

resolution is to add to their collection.<br />

Maybe your resolution is to downsize your collection. If so, both Circuit<br />

Sales and StampStore can help you sell your extra stamps or collection – and<br />

as you’ve read in the column many times before, the Circuit and Internet Sales<br />

team takes this work right out of your hands. To sell through Circuit Sales<br />

visit https://stamps.org/how-to-sell-thru-mail, and to find out how to sell<br />

through StampStore, visit https://stamps.org/services/how-to-sell-online.<br />

Don’t Forget!<br />

Club schedules for 2021 were mailed in October 2020. If your club has not returned<br />

its schedule, do so as soon as possible to avoid circuit book interruption.<br />



APRL Notes<br />

BY Scott Tiffney<br />

Librarian & Director of Information Services<br />

stiffney@stamps.org<br />

IT<br />

goes without saying that the year 2020 was a<br />

challenging one for all of us. COVID-19 introduced<br />

us to regularly wearing masks, social distancing,<br />

contact tracing, and herd immunity to name a few<br />

societal shifts. Here at the American Philatelic Center and<br />

the American Philatelic Research Library it was no different.<br />

From being closed entirely for the initial two months of the<br />

pandemic to being open with a partial staff, finally by the<br />

end of the year, a little more normality set in with the library<br />

and the library staff.<br />

Keeping in Contact Through Service<br />

Along the way we repositioned our services to focus on<br />

those requests that came in remotely via mail, phone and<br />

email, even going so far as to introduce curbside pickup and<br />

drop-off services for those members that could come by the<br />

APC. Here at the APRL, the staff made every effort to reach<br />

out and keep in contact with our library patrons through<br />

the new work environment – and the response received<br />

from library users was overwhelming. In the months after<br />

the staff returned to the library, there was a steady increase<br />

in the number of reference and research requests received<br />

Figure 1. Library requests have been slowly but consistently<br />

increasing.<br />

A Year of Digital Growth<br />

“The chief beauty about time is that you cannot waste it in advance.<br />

The next year, the next day, the next hour are lying ready for you.<br />

You can turn over a new leaf every hour if you choose.” -Arnold Bennett<br />

by the library, each month surpassing the next (Figure 1).<br />

So too, back in June it was decided to open the library’s<br />

digital collections database, APRL Digital, to both members<br />

and non-members. The results were dramatic. Normally<br />

reserved as a benefit of APS membership, due to the pandemic<br />

and the fact that many of our members and regular<br />

library visitors could not use the library and its resources in<br />

person, the APRL provided free access to the database, giving<br />

everyone the opportunity to research their own library<br />

requests from home. Starting in late June and early July,<br />

the database saw an exponential increase in the number of<br />

unique users using the database (Figure 2). In addition to<br />

that, roughly a third of those using the database in the last<br />

six months of 2020 were non-APS members, giving the APS<br />

and APRL the opportunity for member recruitment.<br />

Continuing the Outreach and Looking Ahead<br />

The growth of remote interactions with the library at<br />

the close of 2020 has the APRL looking forward to 2021 and<br />

the opportunity to provide even more content and access<br />

for our users. As has been stated in the past, our mission<br />

for APRL Digital is to grow both the size and scope of the<br />

database, which in turn will grow the digital presence<br />

of the APRL. In the former case, the APRL has received<br />

permissions from societies and organizations for 34<br />

complete journal runs, which are currently in a queue<br />

to be uploaded to the database. These journals are in a<br />

variety of formats – some are still in paper form, some<br />

in paper and digital form (i.e. pdf file format) and<br />

finally some are in complete digital form. Each journal<br />

provides our staff with unique challenges to prepare the<br />

complete run for upload to the database but the APRL<br />

is excited by the opportunity to grow the journal content<br />

of the database significantly in 2021.<br />

In terms of the scope of the database, we are also<br />

looking in 2021 to grow the types of research resources<br />

that are in the database to include a larger number of<br />

books, exhibits, maps, photographs, and video files.<br />

In the case of exhibits, we have received permissions<br />

from 54 exhibitors who participated in the 2020 Virtual<br />

Stamp Show presented by the APS back in August to

Figure 2. The APRL Digital collection has roughly doubled its monthly unique<br />

users (members and non-members alike) since June.<br />

include 72 digital exhibits. In addition, there are a number<br />

of books that we will pursue to digitize and upload into<br />

the database. For 2021, the APRL is also looking into the<br />

inclusion of the Annual Postmaster General Reports, and if<br />

funding becomes available, will begin the task of digitizing<br />

the American Bank Note Company files which<br />

are housed in the Archives section of the library.<br />

Help Us to Grow<br />

As we improve the database and make some of<br />

the aforementioned additions, we need your help<br />

to make this happen. Your one time or continuing<br />

donation to the Adopt-A-Book campaign (support.<br />

stamps.org.adoptabook) will help the library begin<br />

and further its digitization goals for the year and<br />

enable the APRL to bring its resources to members<br />

worldwide in the future. In addition to donating to<br />

the Adopt-A-Book campaign, clubs, societies and<br />

organizations can also assist us by contacting the<br />

library (stiffney@stamps.org) to begin the process<br />

of having their journal, newsletter or publication<br />

become part of the digital collections database.<br />

We look forward to hearing from you and continuing the<br />

services, content and access that our members expect and<br />

demand from your philatelic library.<br />


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Making Friends at the Friends School<br />

While in-person outreach may be suspended for<br />

the near future, coming up with outreach ideas,<br />

especially for youth, is always a good idea.<br />

“Teaching” stamp collecting can be broad and overwhelming,<br />

so when talking with a group of children, its best to<br />

come up with a “theme”<br />

or specific track within<br />

the hobby.<br />

Over a year ago,<br />

the APS Education<br />

team was able to take<br />

part in the enrichment<br />

program at the local<br />

Friends School. This<br />

program gives students<br />

from Kindergarten to<br />

4th grade a chance to<br />

choose a topic of learning<br />

for a four-week session.<br />

From recycling<br />


Bridges<br />

BY Kathleen Edwards<br />

Education Coordinator<br />

kedwards@stamps.org<br />

Figure 1. Owney, mascot of the Railway Mail Service, rode the rails and<br />

traveled the world until 1897. Scott 4547.<br />

to puppet-making, the<br />

Friends School offers a<br />

wide variety of handson<br />

learning experiences.<br />

In January 2020, one of the topics the kids could choose was<br />

stamp collecting!<br />

Our first task to assist the program was coming up with<br />

what “theme” we wanted to tackle. The story of Owney the<br />

Dog is always a favorite among children, especially ones who<br />

are new to stamp collecting (Figure 1). So we decided to focus<br />

the first three weeks on mail delivery, beginning with a<br />

short and catchy Owney video and then sharing the various<br />

places Owney traveled with the mail, including countries all<br />

over the world. Stamps from foreign countries are always<br />

fascinating to children – especially because the country<br />

names on the stamps are in the language of that country and<br />

not in English. You can find a Country ID worksheet and<br />

Country Key on Collecting and Connecting Central (C3a, at<br />

aps.buzz/C3aPlatform), under the “Bridges - Activities For<br />

Sharing” folder for your own use in youth programs.<br />

To continue on the topic of mail delivery, the next lesson<br />

focused on other animals delivering mail. From the Pony<br />

Express to dog sled mail, the students were fascinated by the<br />

animals that play a big role in mail delivery throughout history.<br />

A Mule Mail cancel is also a great example of a unique<br />

way mail can travel (Figure 2). After seeing the special cancellation,<br />

the students learned about the meaning of a stamp<br />

cancel and then designed their own animal cancellation and<br />

cachet.<br />

In the third lesson,<br />

planes, trains and automobiles<br />

delivering mail<br />

were a big hit. We discussed<br />

how mail went<br />

from carriage to train to<br />

plane and to the current<br />

USPS vehicles. The kids<br />

were particularly entertained<br />

by the threewheeled<br />

Mailster (Figure<br />

3)! But the highlight<br />

of the lesson was talking<br />

with the students<br />

about how they think<br />

mail will be delivered<br />

in the future. The kids<br />

designed futuristic mail<br />

delivery devices on paper and explained their use – children<br />

truly have amazing imaginations!<br />

At the end of each of the lessons, the idea of actually<br />

COLLECTING stamps was broached by handing each child<br />

their very own mini stamp album. Each week they added<br />

some new stamps to their albums related to the topics we<br />

covered in the day’s lesson. After the program was over, the<br />

Figure 2. A Mule Mail cancel. Supai, Arizona, capital of the Havasupai<br />

Indian Reservation, rests inside the Grand Canyon and is the only<br />

place in the U.S. to still receive mail delivered by mule.

Figure 3. The “Westcoaster Mailster” was used in the<br />

1950s to 60s by the USPS and could carry up to 500<br />

lbs of mail. Despite the risk of tipping over when<br />

turning corners, the Mailster was extremely popular.<br />

Courtesy of the Smithsonian’s National Postal<br />

Museum, Flickr.<br />

kids were able to take their stamp albums home, partially<br />

filled with stamps, but with plenty of space for future collecting.<br />

You can find mini stamp album PDF print outs on C3a<br />

in the “Bridges - Activities for Sharing” folder.<br />

The Friends School enrichment program runs four<br />

weeks, so what did we do on the last week? A field trip to the<br />

American Philatelic Center, of course! The students were<br />

able to visit the APS headquarters, learn all about the historic<br />

Headsville Post Office, write, cancel, and mail a postcard<br />

in the APS mail room, and learn about some unique finds<br />

in philately by checking out the Alphabetilately exhibit. We<br />

captured the visit on video, which you can watch at aps.buzz/<br />

FieldTrip.<br />

The Friends School outreach was a success, and your<br />

outreach efforts can be too. Here are a few<br />

basic tips to help you begin:<br />

Find out what the children like to do<br />

or learn about. Is it animals (Owney and<br />

Mule Mail), arts and crafts (stamp design<br />

and cachet-making), technology (pneumatic<br />

mail and micro printing) or history<br />

(the Penny Black and the Inverted Jenny)?<br />

You can create a stamp collecting activity<br />

to go with any interest, no matter how<br />

niche.<br />

Always plan more activities than the<br />

time allotted for the lesson! Things can<br />

go faster than you anticipate. Don’t get<br />

stuck with 20 minutes left on the clock<br />

and nothing more to present. Bring some<br />

back-up activities. It can be as simple as a<br />

Design a Stamp worksheet or just a box of<br />

stamps the kids can dig into.<br />

Keep it simple! Most children have<br />

no prior knowledge of stamp collecting or know very much<br />

about stamps in general. If you get too detailed in describing<br />

the hobby that you know inside and out, the kids might not<br />

“get it” and tune you out.<br />

Connect and share. Many kids are collectors. Ask them<br />

about what they collect. They will tell you all about their<br />

rock, comic, and Pokémon collections! By appealing to their<br />

collecting nature, they may just become stamp collectors<br />

themselves.<br />

Do you have tried and true tips for youth outreach programs?<br />

Share them with us! Email education@stamps.org,<br />

we would love to hear your ideas!<br />

Director of Education Cathy Brachbill, Education Coordinator Kathleen Edwards, and<br />

Development Assistant Erin Seamans teach a mini-lesson about stamps at the Friends<br />

School.<br />


In Touch<br />

BY Wendy Masorti<br />

Director of Membership and Shows<br />

wendy@stamps.org<br />

Embracing Change<br />

Join me in my next APS adventure! I began with the Society 31 years ago<br />

in membership administration and have since transitioned to several departments.<br />

For the past five years, I’ve served as the Director of Sales working with<br />

our sales team to streamline processes, introduce new features, and reach some<br />

record high sales. While I will miss working directly with the Sales team, I look<br />

forward to again working with Membership and Shows.<br />

I’ve titled this column “In Touch” as the Membership team works to communicate<br />

with and grow relationships among our community of members, dealers,<br />

clubs and specialty societies. Communication is the essence and strength of all<br />

great teams and organizations. In this article, we will share ideas on how together<br />

we can promote and support our hobby, we’ll celebrate milestones and awards,<br />

feature member exclusives you may have missed, give quick tips for using the<br />

<strong>web</strong>site, discuss ways to give back, provide stamp show updates and more. We encourage<br />

you to share your experiences so that we can share with our community.<br />

Congratulations to our 25 and 50 year members!<br />

Each year we honor those who have<br />

reached 25 and 50 years of membership<br />

with the APS. The honorees are invited<br />

to attend the annual show to be presented<br />

their award. Unfortunately with the pandemic<br />

this past year, the annual show was<br />

canceled and all awards were mailed. In<br />

2020, 497 members who joined in 1995<br />

received a “25 Year Pin” and 331 members<br />

who joined in 1970 received a “50 Year Medallion.”<br />

Visit aps.buzz/Milestones to see<br />

an alphabetic listing of those honored in<br />

2020. The 2021 recipients will receive invitation<br />

letters in April.<br />

SAVE<br />

THE<br />

DATE<br />

Great American<br />

Stamp Show<br />

August 12-15, 2021<br />

LOCATION:*<br />

Donald E. Stephens<br />

Convention Center<br />

5555 N River Rd •<br />

Rosemont, IL 60018<br />

*Pending COVID restrictions.<br />

Web Tip<br />

Want to stay up-to-date?<br />

Visit www.stamps.org and click<br />

the “News” link located in the<br />

upper right of the navigation.<br />

Here you will find the most current<br />

APS news and happenings.<br />

Also, be sure you are signed up<br />

to receive the weekly member<br />

newsletter– full of reminders,<br />

specials, featured groups and<br />

more!<br />

Ways to give back<br />

Amazon Smile is a simple and automatic<br />

way for you to support<br />

the APS every time you shop on<br />

Amazon. It's free for you and it<br />

all adds up for the APS.<br />

See details at<br />

aps.buzz/AmazonSmile<br />

Member Reminder<br />

If you haven’t already paid your<br />

2021 membership dues, you can<br />

pay online or contact our Membership<br />

team at 814-933-3803.<br />

Stay in touch<br />

If you or your group has recruiting<br />

ideas or experiences you<br />

would like to share, email to<br />

InTouch@stamps.org or mail to<br />

Attn: In Touch, at the APS address.<br />

Ideas will be considered<br />

for possible use in future columns<br />

or newsletters.<br />


Membership Report<br />

No. 11, NOVEMBER 30, 2020<br />


The following applications were<br />

received during November<br />

2020. If no objections are<br />

received by the Executive<br />

Director (814-933-3803) prior<br />

to January 31, 2021, these<br />

applicants will be admitted to<br />

membership and notice to this<br />

effect will appear in the March<br />

2021 issue.<br />

Ahlers, John P. (232634) Cle Elum,<br />

WA Austria-Air Mails-19th<br />

Century-20th Century-Civil War<br />

Covers-Used US; 69; Lawyer<br />

Aitken, Frances A. (232579)<br />

Reading, PA Commemoratives-<br />

First Day Programs-Cut Squares;<br />

56; Accountant<br />

Allen, Stephen (232614) Harlan,<br />

IA US-Iceland-Greenland-Israel-<br />

Egypt; 68; Retired<br />

Ash, Mylon (232649) Bella Vista,<br />

AR; 50<br />

Axel, Frank (232668) Stamford,<br />

CT USA-Canada-Israel-<br />

Czechoslovakia-Poland-Austria-<br />

Germany-Korea-Japan-UK-<br />

Worldwide-Dead Countries; 76;<br />

Exec.<br />

Barten, Chris M. (232628) Mc<br />

Callsburg, IA Science Fiction-<br />

Famous People-US-Sports-<br />

Disney-Childhood-Movies; 50<br />

Benjamin, Ludy T. (232608)<br />

Keswick, VA Canadian<br />

Provinces-Canada-19th Century-<br />

20th Century<br />

Bernard, Michael J. (232669)<br />

Fairmount, IL US-Antarctic<br />

Territories; 62; Retired Senior<br />

Accountant<br />

Borozenski, Anthony (232665)<br />

Chicago, IL Air Mails-19th<br />

Century-20th Century-<br />

Errors, Freaks, Oddities-Used<br />

Worldwide-US; 61<br />

Bortz, Mary (232595) Glenview,<br />

IL; 76<br />

Bosevich, Joseph (232659) Easton,<br />

PA 19th Century-20th Century;<br />

60<br />

Brassey, Joyce (232666) Carlsbad,<br />

CA US-Americana-Foreign<br />

Covers-Europa/Cept-<br />

Commemoratives-Foreign<br />

Postal History; 61<br />

Brouwer, Albert (232585) Wichita,<br />

KS Precancels-US/Canada<br />

Classics; 66; Program Mgr -<br />

Aerospace (Retired)<br />

Brown, David F. (232656)<br />

Maynard, MA US; 71<br />

Brown, Karen Sheaffer (232615)<br />

Snow Camp, NC<br />

Carroll, James (232676)<br />

Manorville, NY 20th Century-<br />

19th Century-Air Mails-US-<br />

Revenues/Tax Paids (State/<br />

Local)-Officials/Official Mail<br />

Carver, Charles (232630)<br />

Montgomery, AL US-European-<br />

Germany-Great Britain-France-<br />

Balkans; 78; Retired Military/<br />

Business<br />

Chapman, Charles L. Jr. (232663)<br />

Warner Robins, GA US; 86;<br />

Retired<br />

Chapman, David (232664) New<br />

York, NY First Day Covers-Plate<br />

Blocks-Commemoratives-<br />

Occupation Issues-Triangles/<br />

Odd Shapes-Former/Dead<br />

Countries; 66<br />

Compton, Jeanne (232643) San<br />

Diego, CA 88; Retired<br />

Connors, Richard (232603) Halifax,<br />

MA Air Mails-20th Century-19th<br />

Century-Plate Blocks<br />

Cooper, Gary M. (232596) Tucson,<br />

AZ US<br />

Cooper, Karen M. (232616)<br />

Davenport, FL US Statehood-<br />

US Flags-Flowers; Caregiver/<br />

Homemaker<br />

Crutchfield, Diane V. (232642)<br />

Southport, NC Used US-<br />

Used Worldwide-Overprints<br />

& Surcharges-Errors, Freaks,<br />

Oddities-Bulls Eye/Son Cancels-<br />

Foreign Perfins; 76<br />

Dahlberg, John (232631) Fort<br />

Mohave, AZ US; 74; Retired<br />

Davidson, Bob (232644) Statham,<br />

GA US; 78; Retired<br />

Deheegher, Andreas G. (232652)<br />

Roosdal, Belgium 19th<br />

Century-20th Century-First Day<br />

Covers-Flight Covers-Cancels;<br />

82; Retired<br />

Demmer, Richard (232670)<br />

Newport, TN 19th Century-20th<br />

Century-Errors, Freaks, Oddities-<br />

Air Mails-Postage Dues-US; 71;<br />

Diaz, Robert (232590) Carlsbad,<br />

CA 19th Century-20th<br />

Century-Air Mails-British<br />

Commonwealth; 52; US Navy<br />

Dice, Leroy (232651) Nokesville,<br />

VA<br />

Dilks, Lawrence S. (232607) Lake<br />

Charles, LA 19th Century-<br />

Covers-Canal Zone; 69;<br />

Neuropsychologist<br />

Douglas, Russell (232605)<br />

Mountain Brook, AL Christmas<br />

Seals-20th Century-Christmas<br />

Eisinger, Stephen M. (232636)<br />

Tucson, AZ US-Classics-<br />

Germany; 66; Retired Military/<br />

Army<br />

Ekstrom, Mark (232671) Omaha,<br />

NE Commemoratives-Austria-<br />

French Colonies-Bahamas-<br />

Bermuda-Christmas; 61; Retired<br />

Ellerston, Joel M. (232679)<br />

Phoenix, AZ 20th<br />

Century-19th Century-Air<br />

Mails-Confederate States-<br />

Definitives; 57; Accountant<br />

Elwell, Jonathan (232589)<br />

Midlothian, VA; 38; Stamp<br />

Dealer<br />

Emnett, Charles (232681) Lutz,<br />

FL Commemoratives-Scouts-<br />

Definitives-Orchids-Nurses;<br />

69; Retired<br />

Esselstrom, S. Dallen (232594)<br />

Portland, OR Oregon-19th<br />

Century-20th Century-Air<br />

Mails-Errors, Freaks, Oddities-<br />

Sheets/Small Panes; 62<br />

Farah, George S. (232633)<br />

Madison, WI 19th Century-<br />

Air Mails-Occupation Issues-<br />

Aviation-Ships/Boats-Trains<br />

Fiattarone, Vincent (232662) Boca<br />

Raton, FL; Retired<br />

Fischer, Martin (232635) Pleasant<br />

Hill, CA 19th Century-20th<br />

Century-Cancels-Great Britain-<br />

France-Germany; 77<br />

Frum, Carlos M. (232647)<br />

Northbrook, IL Amateur/Ham<br />

Radio; Retired<br />

Frye, Linda (232617) Grand<br />

Junction, CO; 72; Retired<br />

Gauthier, Lori A. (232584) Grants<br />

Pass, OR Classics; 59; Dental<br />

Admin<br />

Giannini, Kari (232678) Daly City,<br />

CA; 34<br />

Gordy, John C. (232611) Yuma, AZ<br />

Commemoratives-Classics-Naval<br />

Covers-Louisiana-US-Ukraine; 60<br />

Greenbaum, Gary M. (232604)<br />

Fairfax, VA Aden; Retired<br />

Greenberg, Julian H. Jr. (232685)<br />

Lone Pine, CA US; 72; Retired<br />

Harrison, Richard C. (232618)<br />

Montville, ME Early US Stamps;<br />

81; Retired<br />

Hegedus, Katrina (232657) Parker,<br />

CO 60; Retired<br />

Henderson, Rodney (232601)<br />

Laceys Spring, AL 73; Retired<br />

Military<br />

Hershey, Patricia (232637)<br />

Georgetown, TX; 57<br />

Hey, Stephen C. (232586) Baileys<br />

Harbor, WI US; 78; Professor<br />

Emeritus<br />

Hromada, April A. (232680) Tinley<br />

Park, IL; 78<br />

Ibieta, Jaime (232591) Rm-<br />

Metropolitana, Chile South<br />

America-Chile-Europe-Asia-<br />

Central America; 58; Agricultural<br />

Engineer<br />

Irani, Amy (232602) Nevada City,<br />

CA 19th Century-US Postal<br />

History-Cancels; 52<br />


Applications 232292 through<br />

232340 and 232342 through<br />

232453 as previously published<br />

have been accepted for<br />

membership by the Board of Vice<br />

Presidents.<br />


Total Membership,<br />

October 31, 2020................. 27,264<br />

New Members 161<br />

Reinstated 26<br />

Deceased 57<br />

Resignations 8<br />

Drop Non Payment of dues 39<br />

Total Membership<br />

November 30, 2020 27,347<br />

(Total Membership, November 30,<br />

2019 was 27,968 a difference of<br />

621)<br />

Janairo, Elizabeth (232674)<br />

Shorewood, WI Art-Astronomy-<br />

Mushrooms-Music/Musicians/<br />

Instruments-Mythology; 51<br />

Karow, James S. (232619) New<br />

London, WI Monaco-French<br />

Colonies-US; 69; Retired<br />

Klega, Debra (232613) Bremerton,<br />

WA Plate Blocks-Covers-Blocks/<br />

Guideline Blocks-US-First Day<br />

Covers-Postal Cards; 48<br />

Kok, William L. (232672) Windsor,<br />

CO German Federal Rep.-<br />

German 3rd Reich/Occupations-<br />

Germany<br />

Kolze, Kathleen M. (232660) Lake<br />

Zurich, IL US-Foreign; 59;<br />

Human Resources Mgr.<br />

Landers, Jerry (232581)<br />

Collingswood, NJ Germany-<br />

Foreign Perfins-First Day<br />

Covers-Precancels (City)-Lots &<br />

Collections-Picture Postcards-<br />

Transportation; 65; Retired<br />

Leber, Philip (232593) Bradenton,<br />

FL Plate Blocks; 70; Realtor<br />

Lewis, Robert W. (232577)<br />

Sterling, VA Classics-Used<br />

US-Air Mails-Bureau Issues-<br />

Definitives; 64<br />

Lo, Charles (232597) Elk Grove,<br />

CA Hong Kong-China-Japan-<br />

Manchukuo-Taiwan-Far East; 59<br />

Logan, Douglas G. (232667)<br />

Vernon Center, NY Revenues/<br />

Tax Paids (Federal/State/Local)-<br />

Aviation-Space-Photography-<br />

Ships/Boats; Retired<br />

Love, Larry W. (232648) Dallas,<br />

TX Advertising Covers-19th<br />

Century; 61<br />

Macneil, Kelly S. (232645) San<br />

Antonio, TX US Postal History-<br />

Europe-Military-Occupation<br />

Issues-War Covers/Stamps-<br />

United Nations; 50; Information<br />

Technology<br />

Magnifico, Dennis (232621)<br />

Bridgewater, MA Italian<br />

Colonies-Italian States-Ireland-<br />

Japan-Brazil-Russia<br />


Manning, Gary L. (232625) Durham,<br />

NC 19th Century-Air Mails-Space<br />

Covers-Plate Blocks; 65<br />

Mashoud, Mike (232587) San<br />

Francisco, CA US-Middle East;<br />

71; Retired<br />

Mcginnis, Charles E.<br />

(232646) Ocean City, MD<br />

Commemoratives-Revenues/Tax<br />

Paids (Federal); Retired<br />

Mcrae, Arthur S. (232606) Dallas,<br />

TX 19th Century-20th Century-<br />

Air Mails-Revenues/Tax Paids<br />

(Federal)<br />

Murphy, Iain R. (232629) London,<br />

United Kingdom Middle East-<br />

British Commonwealth-British<br />

Asia; 33; Head Of Philatelic<br />

Auctions<br />

Murray, Bryce L. (232598)<br />

Spring City, PA Covers-US<br />

Postal History-19th Century-<br />

Advertising/Illustrated Covers-<br />

Ephemera-Foreign Covers; 19;<br />

Student<br />

Nurmi, Karen L. (232588) Stayton,<br />

OR Worldwide-Wildlife-<br />

Transportation; 71; Retired USPS<br />

O’Hara, Henry Thomas (232583)<br />

Cavan, Ireland 19th Century-<br />

Bulls Eye/Son Cancels-Patriotic<br />

Covers-Confederate States-Civil<br />

War Covers-Ireland; 25<br />

Ocampo, Victor (232684)<br />

Cambridge, MA<br />

Commemoratives-French<br />

Colonies-British Colonies-<br />

Sports-Space-Butterflies/<br />

Insects-Wallis And Futuna-New<br />

Caledonia<br />

Patti, Ronald (232609) Berlin, MA<br />

US<br />

Pecchold, Engelbert (232592) West<br />

Grove, PA Blocks/Guideline<br />

Blocks-Austria-German Federal<br />

Rep.-Germany-Switzerland; 87;<br />

Retired<br />

Pelaez, Michael (232675) Hialeah,<br />

FL<br />

Pfurtscheller, Hilde (232661)<br />

Seattle, WA 19th Century-20th<br />

Century-Air Mails-Booklets/<br />

Panes; Retired<br />

Pressley, Jackson R. (232640)<br />

Albuquerque, NM Mexico-<br />

Jamaica; 69<br />

Recksiek, David J. (232654) West<br />

Covina, CA; 48; Coin And Stamp<br />

Dealer<br />

Reiss, Helene (232627) Trenton,<br />

NJ; 74; Team Member At Six<br />

Flags Great Adventure<br />

Remein, Warren (232686) Bay<br />

Village, OH Commemoratives-<br />

Netherlands-Hungary-Duck<br />

Stamps-Space; 72; Retired<br />

Architect<br />

Rice, Christopher A. (232626)<br />

Laramie, WY Duck/Hunting/<br />

Fishing Stamps-Military-<br />

Revenues/Tax Paids (Federal)-<br />

US-Wyoming-Propaganda<br />

Stamps/Covers; 36<br />

Romanowicz, Stephanie S. (232677)<br />

Marstons Mills, MA; 34<br />

Sandgren, Gilbert R. (232620)<br />

Kenosha, WI US-19th Century;<br />

70; Retired Tax Attorney<br />

Saulich, Jeff (232612) Tallahassee,<br />

FL US; Semi-Retired/Web<br />

Designer<br />

Scoble, Rod A. (232578) L’original,<br />

ON Canada Canada-20th<br />

Century-Russia/USSR/<br />

Independent Republics-China<br />

(People’s Rep.)-Germany-British<br />

Commonwealth; 75<br />

Shimmin-Okey, Susan G. (232655)<br />

Rescue, CA 19th Century-<br />

California-Stampless Covers-<br />

Express Covers-Western Covers-<br />

Commemorative Panels; State<br />

Park Interpretive Specialist<br />

Smith, Rilda J. (232623) Shawnee,<br />

OK Kenya-Uganda-Tanzania; 59<br />

Spencer, Mark J. (232682) Kansas<br />

City, MO First Day Covers-Plate<br />

Blocks-Space Covers-Art; 63<br />

Speyer, Adrian (232580) Dollard-<br />

Des-Ormeaux, QC Canada<br />

Canada-Canadian Postal<br />

History-Canadian Plate Blocks;<br />

43; Head Of Community<br />

Stanley, Edward J. Jr. (232624)<br />

Reisterstown, MD Plate Blocks-<br />

Lots & Collections-Sports-<br />

Commemoratives-Definitives-<br />

Officials/Official Mail; 63<br />

Stevens, David (232599) Otsego,<br />

MN 20th Century-19th Century-<br />

Air Mails-Blocks/Guideline<br />

Blocks-Booklets/Panes-<br />

Commemorative Panels; 77<br />

Stopka, Thomas C. (232687) Elk<br />

Grove Village, IL US-Bureau<br />

Issues-Cancels-Canal Zone-<br />

Astronomy-Naval Covers<br />

Stych, Ed (232600) Concord, NC;<br />

59<br />

Tebow, Kenneth R. (232658)<br />

Hayward, CA US-US Postal<br />

History-Commemoratives-<br />

Definitives-Air Mails-Used US;<br />

74; Retired<br />

Tietjen, Matt (232638) Durham,<br />

CT Coils-Covers-Vatican City-<br />

Christmas Seals-Christmas-<br />

Madonnas; 41<br />

Tolbert, Robert W. (232582) Santa<br />

Fe, NM Plate Blocks-British<br />

Oceania-New Zealand-Canada; 59<br />

Tousignant, Katie (232632) Austin,<br />

TX Cats-Triangles/Odd Shapes-<br />

Fakes & Forgeries-Worldwide-<br />

Postage Dues; 31<br />

Viggiano, John A. (232650)<br />

Milford, NH Worldwide; 73;<br />

Retired<br />

Confederate Stamps<br />

and Postal History<br />

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302-422-2656 • trishkauf@comcast.net<br />

10194 N. Old State Road • Lincoln, DE 19960-3644<br />



Professional Philatelist Since 1973<br />

Life Member: CWPS, APS, APRL, USPCS<br />

Member: ASDA, NSDA, CCNY; FRPSL<br />


Vollbrecht, Michael (232520)<br />

Lawrence, KS Art-<br />

Commemoratives-First Day<br />

Covers-Coins; 39<br />

Weber, Peter (232653) Minneapolis,<br />

MN Hawaii; 69; Mapmaker<br />

Weiss, Lawrence M. (232639)<br />

Pasadena, CA Classics-Israel-<br />

Canada-Australia; 64<br />

Westby, James O. (232641) Reno,<br />

NV US-Plate Blocks; 78; Retired<br />

White, Max E. (232610) Demorest,<br />

GA; 74<br />

Wilkinson, John (232622)<br />

Schoharie, NY US<br />

Yang, Yang (232673) Wynnewood,<br />

PA 19th Century-China (People’s<br />

Rep.)-Korea-Austria-Belgium-<br />

China; 35<br />

Zamzow, Lois (232688) Byron<br />

Center, MI Commemoratives-<br />

Definitives-US<br />

Zimmerman, Gary B. (232683)<br />

Lewisville, TX 19th Century-20th<br />

Century-Washington/Franklins-<br />

Air Mails-Bureau Issues-US; 53;<br />

Arborist<br />


Connecticut Cover Club (232405),<br />

New Haven, CT. CONTACT:<br />

Michael Clark, 130 Horseshoe Hill<br />

Rd., Pound Ridge, NY 10576<br />


Baker, Bruce R. (5390-155556),<br />

Pittsburgh, PA<br />

Berenson, William (146124),<br />

Shelburne Falls, MA<br />

Blood, John M. (1750-046778),<br />

Holyoke, MA<br />

Calhoun, Robert L. (116820),<br />

Alexandria, VA<br />

Chinnery, Donald G. (7104-050399),<br />

Marinette, WI<br />

Christiaansen, Amy L. (228702),<br />

Gilman, VT<br />

Cleveland, Grover (8836-061251),<br />

Burlingame, CA<br />

Cutler, Morris (11187-060440), N.<br />

Las Vegas, NV<br />

Damkaer, Donald M. (8052-123002),<br />

Olympia, WA<br />

Davis, Winston R. (106345),<br />

Longwood, FL<br />

Day, Richard D. (130484), Apple<br />

Valley, MN<br />

Day, Robin W. (11838-047814),<br />

Plattsville, ON<br />

Donahue, Nancy J. (8389-056995),<br />

Madill, OK<br />

Doring, Martin R. (6346-046055),<br />

Fort Lauderdale, FL<br />

Eggleston, C. T. (11654-048611),<br />

Riverview, FL<br />

Etkind, Irving M. (6218-041579),<br />

Cambridge, MA<br />

Fritz, Cerel M. (212265), Charlotte,<br />

MI<br />

Gagliardi, Fred R. (128360),<br />

Stamford, CT<br />

Genuit, Marian A. (193386),<br />

Stockton, CA<br />

Glasofer, Stan I. (139438), Newport<br />

News, VA<br />

Gleason, Fred C. (10071-069495),<br />

Cascade, ID<br />

Gottesman, Michael H. (11618-<br />

062031), Sonoita, AZ<br />

Gottlieb, Julian (6808-059112), Cos<br />

Cob, CT<br />

Green, Art J. (226958), Roseville, CA<br />

Hancock, George (230202), Tempe, AZ<br />

Hankey, Joan R. (9664-053097),<br />

Gettysburg, PA<br />

Hemmings, John A. (126209),<br />

Swedesboro, NJ<br />

Holzbauer, Herbert (5971-044540),<br />

Grand Junction, CO<br />

Homola, Gerhardt (183675),<br />

Bottineau, ND<br />

Irwin, Harold E. (225595), Oaklyn, NJ<br />

Johnson, Tom D. (125279), Palm<br />

Harbor, FL<br />

Joyce, Edward R. (5973-044123),<br />

Jacksonville, FL<br />

Kleasen, Hubert W. (198072),<br />

Cuyahoga Falls, OH<br />

Koglin, Herbert H. (6652-043600),<br />

Qualicum Beach, BC<br />

Krause, Richard G. (11360-058102),<br />

Waddell, AZ<br />

Krazeisen, Roland R. (220946),<br />

Webster City, IA<br />

McClarren, Robert R. (9494-065953),<br />

Perrysburg, OH<br />

Monroe, Charles P. (213411),<br />

Blacksburg, VA<br />

Nagaran, Michael (223706), San<br />

Diego, CA<br />

Nowak, Roy E. (7288-049381), Fort<br />

Gratiot, MI<br />

Packard, Donald H. (211304),<br />

Pocasset, MA<br />

Parks, Larry C. (8097-061399),<br />

Thousand Oaks, CA<br />

Pezza, Peter P. (180594), Little Rock, AR<br />

In philately you can<br />

discover something<br />

new every day...<br />

C.G. Trading House –<br />





Poulson, Meredith M. (8298-<br />

057729), Salt Lake City, UT<br />

Rayburn, David A. (9517-065618),<br />

Jefferson, TX<br />

Reinhardt, Richard R. (095143),<br />

Forest Lake, MN<br />

Rocawich, George (186223),<br />

Millersville, MD<br />

Sauer, William K. (0937-040734),<br />

Johnson City, TN<br />

Sexton, Robert A. (5175-157593),<br />

Chicago, IL<br />

Shalimoff, George V. (7929-053540),<br />

Sebastopol, CA<br />

Sheaffer, James C. (227366),<br />

Whitesboro, NY<br />

Stowe, Tamara (229529), Boerne, TX<br />

Thomas, C. Stetson (7117-045285),<br />

Middleboro, MA<br />

Todaro, Nicholas J. (7769-055046),<br />

Liverpool, NY<br />

Vida, Kenneth J. (180305), Port<br />

Charlotte, FL<br />

Wacinski, Andrew K. (10708-<br />

084830), Lakewood, CO<br />

Wallenhaupt, Tom (6674-177890),<br />

Coeur D Alene, ID<br />



Prosser, Jeffrey (232341)<br />



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BLOCKS on approval. Positions<br />

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Book. Lubelski Philatelic LLC 111<br />

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Ph: 419-410-9115, Web: www.<br />

Lubelskistamps.com Email: Dan@<br />

Lubelskistamps.com (1440)<br />


Sets, Extensive stock www.<br />

buyhungarianstamps.com, HSE,<br />

POB 4028, Vineyard Haven, MA<br />

02568, 888/868-8293 (1450)<br />


www.StampsPortugal.com (1440)<br />

stampsforcollectors.net (1447)<br />



Sets, Extensive stock www.<br />

buyhungarianstamps.com, HSE,<br />

POB 4028, Vineyard Haven, MA<br />

02568, 888/868-8293 (1450)<br />

RUSSIA / USSR /<br />


WANT LISTS FILLED. Extensive<br />

stock. www.buyhungarianstamps.<br />

com. HSE POB 4028, Vineyard<br />

Haven, MA 02568. (888) 868-8293<br />

(1448)<br />



since 1973. Price lists: js@JaySmith.<br />

com or 2880-page <strong>web</strong>site www.<br />

JaySmith.com (1451)<br />


U.N. PRICE LIST, Wm. Henry Stamps,<br />

POB 150010, Kew Gardens, NY<br />

11415 www.allunstamps.com<br />

(1445)<br />


www.philbansner.com (1456)<br />

www.dickkeiser.com (1439)<br />

stampsforcollectors.net (1441)<br />

www.stampconnections.com<br />

(1442)<br />


Packets & Special Monthly Offers!<br />

Order Now! www.Lake-Edge-<br />

Stamps.com (1439)<br />

1840/1940 60%-80% off Scott cat.<br />

Used stamps, covers, labels, US,<br />

Canada, Britain & Col, Europe. S.<br />

Cal, CP 864 Succ B, Montreal, Que.<br />

H3B 3K5 Canada (1439)<br />

60% OFF SCOTT 2019-20, WW<br />

pricelist, early to modern, many<br />

topicals, Quality stamps, Les<br />

Timbres J&M, 1200 Louis-Cyr,<br />

Joliette, QC, Canada, J6E 7B2,<br />

breaultjg@videotron.ca (1440)<br />

20-33% OF SCOTT $1,000,000 WW<br />

inventory. Lots of Euro cols. 19th<br />

century. US, Russia (1920-70),<br />

Japan, Iceland, Liech., Souv. Sheets<br />

Catalog avail. www.BillsStamps.<br />

com Many finer sets & singles up to<br />

$1,000 Unconditional money-back<br />

guarantee doctoryes007@aol.com<br />

214-213-8066 (1440)<br />

SELLER ID 534232: US, Polynesia<br />

(1450)<br />

gardencitystamps@yahoo.com,<br />

worldwide, M @ U USA, 1st Day<br />

Covers. (1442)<br />

www.triple-sonline.com 25,000<br />



extras from old collection & newer<br />

set, For CD of items, 2buystamps@<br />

gmail.com HH PO Box 4 Scotland<br />


Year Mint<br />

2018 $105.00<br />

2017 $91.00<br />

2016 $97.00<br />

2015 $87.60<br />

Entire Vatican catalog is stock; 1929 to today<br />

Please add 3% postage & shipping<br />


P.O. Box 78, Dexter MI 48130-0078<br />

Phone: (734) 424-3043<br />

www.pennyblackstamp.com<br />


CT 06264 Prices 1/2 Scott 2020.<br />

(1441)<br />

SELLER ID 534232: US, Ireland<br />

(1441)<br />

SURPRISING! www.JaySmith.com<br />

(1451)<br />


SPACES at a mere fraction<br />

of catalog. Receive my free<br />

comprehensive catalog of<br />

thousands of US + WW stamps<br />

priced at 5-20% of the Scott 2019<br />

catalog. Also listed are country<br />

collections priced at 2-5 cents<br />

per stamp. All stamps, whether<br />

Avg-XF, are accurately described.<br />

Contact E-Z’s Stamps POB 1052<br />

West Seneca NY 14224 or mzim@<br />

roadrunner.com (1440)<br />

ALBUMS<br />


SUPPLEMENTS” on eBay, U.S.<br />

2017-2019; Ducks 2010-2020;<br />

White Ace topical blank pages<br />

(1441)<br />



Valuation and written report<br />

provided. Sellers agent services<br />

info@hungarianstamps.com<br />

(888)868-8293 HSE PO Box 4028,<br />

Vineyard Haven MA 02568 (1446)<br />


Worldwide Books of Mounted<br />

Singles by country. Pre 1941 to<br />

2000’s. Some sets available. Many<br />

books with issues of last 10 years.<br />

State interests. Howard Mundt, 415<br />

N Lenfesty, Marion IN 46952 (1450)<br />


DISCOUNT 66 2/3% from Current<br />

Scott. Send APS# to Robert<br />

Ducharme, C.P. 592, St. Jerome, QC<br />

J7Z 5V3, Canada (1447)<br />

US AND WORLDWIDE. See it before<br />

you buy it. Philatelic Friends, Box<br />

802, Bear, DE 19701 (1442)<br />

US AND WORLDWIDE. Great prices<br />

beginner to advanced. Sets and<br />

Singles. State interest. Larry<br />

Serenari, 766 Nestle Quarry Rd.,<br />

Falling Waters, WV 25419 (1445)<br />


Personal Service, Global sets &<br />

singles. Emporium, 10 Wilmington<br />

Ave., Apt. 109W, Dayton, OH 45420<br />

(1442)<br />


Strong collections, Pick @ 50% All<br />

countries & levels to advanced<br />

AKM PO Box 30010, Mesa, AZ<br />

85275 kenstampneb@cox.net<br />

www.akmstamps.com (1447)<br />


www.auctions.sterlingstamps.com<br />

(1442)<br />


www.dickkeiser.com (1439)<br />

COVERS<br />

www.philbansner.com (1456)<br />

www.dickkeiser.com (1439)<br />

www.triple-sonline.com 25,000<br />



BOYS TOWN invites donations of<br />

U.S. and foreign stamp collections,<br />

coins, currency, and mint U.S.<br />

postage. Help us help kids! Leon<br />

Myers Stamp Center, 13628<br />

Flanagan Blvd., Boys Town, NE<br />

68010. Email stampcenter@<br />

boystown.org Phone 402-498-1143<br />

(1441)<br />



mounted in books with advanced<br />





Lawrence J Mozian<br />

PO Box 5774<br />

Williamsburg, VA 23188<br />

E-mail lmozian@cox.net<br />

Phone (757) 220-2007<br />

Serving philatelists since 1901<br />

Our <strong>web</strong>site is finally up and running<br />

PO Box 8689 Cranston, RI 02920<br />

Phone: 888 262 5355 (Toll Free)<br />

Phone: +1 401 688 9473 (Mobile)<br />

Email: info@ INDIA and STATES.com<br />

Many Graded Stamps from 80–100<br />


HB Philatelics<br />

Proofs & Essays • Federal & State Hunting Permits<br />

Guy Gasser<br />

P.O. Box 2320 • Florissant, MO 63032<br />

Phone 314-330-8684<br />

E-mail: guy@hbphilatelics.com<br />

www.hbphilatelics.com<br />

Official APS Web Sponsor<br />

1 st $68 FREE<br />

So You Can<br />

TEST UPA<br />

www.upastampauctions.co.uk<br />

Most of my stock has been scanned<br />

Click on “New Material” on my <strong>web</strong>site<br />

USA Postal History Colonial to Prexies:<br />

Transatlantics, Destinations, Expos, Inland Waterways,<br />

Railroads, Express, Possessions & Military<br />


5 Glenbuck Road, Surbiton, Surrey KT6 6BS England<br />

Phone: 011-4420-83909357<br />

info@stephentaylor.co.uk https://stephentaylor.co.uk<br />

Your American Dealer in Britain<br />


long-time collectors. Pete’s<br />

Exchange, 4470 Chippewa, Boulder<br />

CO 80303 (1439)<br />


Scott catalog value, 10% in stamps.<br />

Joe Thatcher, P.O. Box 38, Ironton,<br />

MN 56455 (1447)<br />



selection w affordable pricing Fast<br />

& Friendly ServiceBMAStamps2.<br />

com (1439)<br />


www.philbansner.com (1456)<br />

www.pbbooks.com Leonard H.<br />

Hartmann (1451)<br />


100 COLLECTORS sell discounted<br />

packets, country collections<br />

on pages/sets in 36 page free<br />

newsletter. Great description.<br />

Alfins, 168 Eaglecrest Drive, Buffton<br />

SC 29909 (1444)<br />

FREE CATALOG. US, British, Europe,<br />

W/W. Many Starter Collections.<br />

Various Sized Lots. No Buyers Fee.<br />

Jarema PO Box 359100, Gainesville,<br />

FL 32635 (1441)<br />


www.dickkeiser.com (1439)<br />


ALWAYS FUN getting new stamps<br />

from your favorite countries. Free<br />

info, radio97208@gmail.com<br />

Dave Becker, 731 NW 209th St.<br />

Ridgefield, WA 98642 (1439)<br />


www.philbansner.com (1456)<br />

www.dickkeiser.com (1439)<br />

www.triple-sonline.com 25,000<br />


www.mgjpostalhistory.com<br />

+ephemera (1446)<br />

www.castlerockstamps.com (1442)<br />


www.dickkeiser.com (1439)<br />

World Revenues Liquidation<br />

collections, sets, singles, of<br />

everywhere from A-Z. also<br />

documents and Cinderellas.<br />

Gordon Brooks. box 100, Station<br />

NDG,Montreal, Quebec, Canada<br />

H4A 3P4. (1452)<br />



brands. B and G Sales $35+ order<br />

gets free U.S. shipping. www.ebay.<br />

com/str//bandgsales or call 317-<br />

627-5242 (1450)<br />


EJstamps@gmail.com (1442)<br />

www.westernstampco.com (1450)<br />

WANTED<br />


can use almost anything in foreign<br />

postal stationery. Steve Schumann,<br />

2417 Cabrillo Drive, Hayward, CA<br />

94545 stephen.schumann@att.<br />

net (1439)<br />

Lighthouse SELECT S3 stock sheets<br />

(now out of production)... will pay<br />

a premium. Contact Bob Dix at<br />

dixiex22@gmail.com (1440)<br />

DC AREA Stamp Collections; Alex:<br />

301-309-3622; ARogolsky@gmail.<br />

com (1444)<br />

WANTED Clipper airmail to or from<br />

Shanghai 4th Regiment – jonpac@<br />

aol.com 954-547-0544 (1440)<br />

Duck Sheet I am needing a RW-6<br />

sheet. Please call or email Gerald<br />

R. Forsythe, 847-541-6215 or<br />

gforsythe@newmidwestgroup.<br />

com (1442)<br />

1939-1945<br />

BOHEMIA &<br />


Complete (181 different)<br />

181 diff Mint NH $190.00<br />

181 diff Mint $125.00<br />

181 diff Used $250.00<br />

www.DonSCal.com<br />

Don S. Cal<br />

PO Box 1732 • Port Angeles, WA 98362<br />

Tel: 250-383-6211 • E-mail: dcal@victoriastamp.com<br />

Dealer member APS since 1985<br />

FREE<br />

NEW 200-PAGE<br />



Find out why most collectors place<br />

orders when they receive our lists.<br />

We have the stamps you need at the prices you like.<br />

Martin Winter<br />

800 W. Willis Rd., Apt. 1045 • Chandler, AZ 85286<br />

E-mail: winter310@aol.com<br />

Established in 1960 APS Life Member<br />

Auctions<br />

Stamp Shows<br />

Retail Store<br />

Internet<br />

215CAL10 Bohemia Moravia.indd 1<br />

Next Auction January 30 th<br />

sterlingstamps.com<br />

auctions.sterlingstamps.com<br />

Sterling Stamps• Mark Vervaeke<br />

455 E Grand River, Suite 103<br />

Brighton, MI 48116<br />

810-220-6000<br />

mark@sterlingstamps.com<br />

APS Dealer, ATA, MSDA<br />

8/27/2015 8:50:38 AM<br />

D & P Stamps<br />

Specializing in France & Colonies,<br />

Portugal & Cols, Italy & Cols, Spain<br />

& Cols, British Cols & Latin, Central<br />

& South America.<br />

We also carry a large variety<br />

of Middle East & Worldwide.<br />

Please check out our new <strong>web</strong>site<br />

where you can now shop at our online store!!<br />

www.dpstamps.com<br />

2220 Otay Lakes Rd Suite 502-411<br />

Chula Vista, CA 91915<br />

619-987-1019 • Pat@dpstamps.com<br />

Please send us your Want List<br />

APS ATA, ISPP, NSDA Members<br />

Stamps, stationery, postal history,<br />

die proofs from around the World.<br />

Send a note of your interests and we’ll<br />

advise you of suitable items we have.<br />

If in London, please visit our<br />

offices and browse our stock.<br />

Have you visited our DELCAMPE STORE?<br />

1, Wardour Street<br />

London W1D 6PA Great Britain<br />

Phone: 011-44-20-7930-6100<br />

Fax: 011-44-20-7494-2881<br />

E-mail: philatelists@argyll-etkin.com<br />

Website: www.argyll-etkin.com<br />


Quality U.S. Stamps<br />

215rubber01.indd 1<br />

We Sell &<br />

Buy Stamps<br />

U.S. & Worldwide<br />




1-877-373-1212<br />


Visit us online: SHOP.WCP-NM.COM<br />

CKstamps<br />

ck stamps LLC<br />

42-14 Union St. #2A<br />

Flushing, NY 11355<br />

ckstampsLLC@yahoo.com<br />

www.CKstamps.com<br />

11/25/2014 9:10:16 AM<br />

Competitive Prices<br />

New Issue Service Available<br />

Scott A. Shaulis<br />

P.O. Box 549 • Murrysville, PA 15668<br />

scott@shaulisstamps.com • www.shaulisstamps.com<br />

Stamps Auctions<br />

from $0.01 on eBay<br />

APS #216955<br />

Rocky Mountain<br />

Philatelic Library<br />

Announcing their Auction Web Site<br />

Featuring Stamps and Covers<br />

http://www.rmplauctions.org<br />

next auction closes February 27, 2021<br />

No Buyer’s Premium<br />

INDIA<br />


www.stampbay.com<br />


PO Box 50848, Palo Alto, CA 94303<br />

Ph: (650) 387-3885 Email: info@stampbay.com<br />

Canada Revenues<br />

Massive Inventory<br />

E.S.J. van Dam Ltd<br />

P.O. Box 300-P<br />

Bridgenorth, ON, Canada K0L 1H0<br />

toll free phone 1-866-382-6326<br />

www.canadarevenuestamps.com<br />

Mexico<br />

New and Lower Prices<br />

www.greggnelsonstamps.com<br />

707-894-5273<br />

WANTED<br />

C46 80¢ Diamond Head<br />

on cover non-philatelic<br />


jonpac@aol.com<br />

cell:954-547-054<br />

#C10 Proof.<br />

Are You on our<br />

Mailing List ?<br />

Suburban Stamp Inc.<br />

P.O. Box 425<br />

East Longmeadow, MA 01028<br />

413-785-5348 • E-mail: suburbanstamp@verizon.net<br />

buyers and<br />

builders of great<br />

stamp collections<br />

visit<br />

www.columbianstamp.com<br />

New Zealand’s Leading<br />

Auction<br />

House<br />

offers you free monthly postal auctions with 3000+ lots!<br />

Join our mailing list NOW!<br />

www.mowbraycollectables.co.nz<br />

Private Bag 63000, Wellington,<br />

New Zealand 6140<br />

Ph: + 64 6 364 8270 • mowbray.stamps@xtra.co.nz<br />

U.S. Possessions<br />

CZ, Cuba, Guam, Hawaii, PR, Philippines, & Spanish Era<br />

Whether you want that elusive issue to complete<br />

FSDA<br />

ASDA<br />

a set or sell your collections. Free price list.<br />


6547 Midnight Pass Rd., #89, Sarasota, FL 34242 • Ph: 941-349-0222<br />

www.astampdealer4u.com • frankb@astampdealer4u.com<br />


Year Mint Year Mint<br />

2019 $100.00 2017 $91.00<br />

2018 $105.00 2016 $97.00<br />

Entire Vatican catalog is stock; 1929 to today<br />

Please add 3% postage & shipping, minimum $0.75<br />


FREE<br />

price list.<br />

Remember the APS and<br />

APRL in your Will<br />

Call (814) 933-3803 for info<br />

on estate planning<br />

P.O. Box 78, Dexter MI 48130-0078<br />

Phone: (734) 424-3043<br />

www.pennyblackstamp.com<br />

U.S. Revenues<br />

R1 to RZ18, Telegraphs, Savings<br />

Whether you want that elusive issue to complete<br />

FSDA<br />

ASDA<br />

a set or sell your collections. Free price list.<br />


6547 Midnight Pass Rd., #89, Sarasota, FL 34242 • Ph: 941-349-0222<br />

www.astampdealer4u.com • frankb@astampdealer4u.com<br />

When in Naples (Florida)<br />

stop in and examine our large stock of U.S. and<br />

Foreign Stamps, Covers, Collections, Wholesale Lots<br />


4987 Tamiami Trail East<br />

Village Falls Professional Ctr., Naples, FL 34113<br />

Ph: 239-732-8000 Fax: 239-732-7701<br />

Established 1893 E-bay I.D. Gary.NES<br />

ALL<br />

HAWAII<br />

Vogt Stamps<br />

1301 Broadway • Burlingame, CA 94010<br />

650-344-3401<br />

Full <strong>web</strong>site www.vogtstamps.com<br />






The Scott Specialized Catalogue of<br />

United States Stamps and Covers is the<br />

essential reference work for collectors of<br />

United States postage stamps and postal<br />

history. The catalog also includes listings<br />

for postal stationery, revenue stamps,<br />

hunting permit (duck) stamps, essays, trial<br />

color, die and plate proofs, Confederate<br />

States of America, U.S. possessions and<br />

territories, and United Nations stamps.<br />

Contains detailed information for the<br />

following stamp categories:<br />

U.S. Postage - Air Post - Plate Blocks - First Day Covers<br />

- Postal Stationery - Essays - Proofs - Computer Vended<br />

Postage - 19th Century Carriers & Locals - Booklets -<br />

Revenue Stamps - Telegraph Stamps - U.S. Confederate<br />

States - U.S. Possessions - Canal Zone - Danish West<br />

Indies - Guam - Hawaii - Cuba - Puerto Rico - Philippines -<br />

Ryukyu Islands - United Nations<br />



C21S $139.99 $104.99<br />

Learn More and Order Online:<br />

AmosAdvantage.com/ScottCatalogs<br />

LSN1120_APS_FP.indd 1<br />

10/13/20 2:23 PM

Index of Advertisers<br />

Amos Media—www.linns.com<br />

—www.amosadvantage.com 88<br />

Antonio M. Torres<br />

—www.antoniotorres.com 85<br />

APS Estate Advice<br />

—www.stamps.org/Estate-Advice 86<br />

Argyll Etkin Limited<br />

—www.argyll-etkin.com 85<br />

Auktionshaus Christoph Gärtner GmbH & Co.<br />

KG—www.auktionen-gaertner.de 80<br />

Carries & Locals Society<br />

—www. pennypost.org 33<br />

Champion Stamp Co.<br />

—www.championstamp.com 42-43<br />

Century Stamps<br />

—www.century-stamps.com 82<br />

CK Stamps —www.CKstamps.com 86<br />

Colonial Stamp<br />

www.colonialstamps.com 85<br />

Columbian Stamp Company<br />

—www.columbianstamp.com 86<br />

Daniel F. Kelleher Auctions<br />

—www.kelleherauctions.com 5, 8-9<br />

Davidson’s Stamp Service<br />

—www.newstampissues.com 86<br />

D&P Stamps —www.dpstamps.com 85<br />

Delcampe —www.delcampe.com 16<br />

Denali Stamp Co.<br />

—www.denalistamps.com 86<br />

Deveney Stamp<br />

—www.deveneystamps.com 85<br />

Don S. Cal —www.DonSCal.com 85<br />

Dutch Country Auctions<br />

—ww.DutchCountryAuctions.com 73<br />

Dr. Robert Friedman & Sons<br />

—www.drbobfriedmanstamps.com 11<br />

E.S.J. van Dam, Ltd.<br />

—www.canadarevenuestamps.com 86<br />

ebay —www.ebay.com/philately 71<br />

Eric Jackson— www.ericjackson.com 89<br />

Frank Bachenheimer<br />

—www.astampdealer4u.com 86<br />

Gary J. Lyon (Philatelist) Ltd.<br />

www.garylyon.com 19<br />

Gary Posner, Inc.<br />

— www.garyposnerinc.com 59<br />

Gregg Nelson Stamps<br />

— www.greggnelsonstamps.com 86<br />

Guernsey Post/Guernsey Stamps<br />

www.guernseystamps.com 10<br />

Haiti Philatelic Society<br />

— www.haitiphilately.com 13<br />

HB Philatelics<br />

— www.hbphilatelics.com 84<br />

Hipstamp — www.hipstamp.com<br />

C3<br />

Hugh Wood Inc. Insurance<br />

— www.hughwood.com 90<br />

India and States<br />

—www.indiaandstates.com 84<br />

James E. Lee — www.jameslee.com 92<br />

J.R. Mowbray, Ltd.<br />

—www.mowbrays.co.nz 86<br />

Jon Krupnick 86<br />

Kay & Co. — www.kaystamps.com 10<br />

Kelleher & Rogers, Ltd.<br />

— www.kelleherasia.com 5, 8-9<br />

Nieser Stamp and Coin<br />

—www.kennieser.com 84<br />

Laurence L. Winum 83<br />

Lawrence J. Mozian<br />

— www.mozianstamps.com 84<br />

Markest Stamps—www.markest.com 1<br />

Martin Winter 85<br />

Michael Eastick & Associates Pty. Ltd.<br />

— www.michaeleastick.com 86<br />

Miller’s Stamp Company<br />

— www.millerstamps.com 86<br />

Mountainside Stamps, Coins & Currency—<br />

— www.mountainsidestamps.com 10<br />

Mystic Stamp Company<br />

— www.mysticstamp.com C2, 3<br />

New England Stamp<br />

— www.NewEnglandStamp.com 86<br />

Noble Spirit — www.noblespirit.com 65<br />

Palo Albums Inc. — www.paloalbums.com 93<br />

Paradise Valley Stamp Company, Cornerstamp,<br />

Inc.—www.stamp-one.com 80<br />

Patricia A. Kaufmann<br />

—www.trishkaufmann.com 78<br />

Penny Black Stamp Company<br />

—www.pennyblackstamp.com 83, 86<br />

Philasearch.com<br />

— www.philasearch.com 7<br />

Posta Faroe Islands<br />

— www.stamp.fo 32<br />

Postal Stationery.com<br />

— www.postalstationery.com 83<br />

Randy Scholl Stamp Co. Have Tongs Will Travel<br />

— www.randyschollstampcompany.com/<br />

have-tongs-will-travel.asp<br />

C4<br />

Rasdale Stamp Company<br />

— wwwrasdalestamps.com 83<br />

Rising Sun Stamps<br />

— www.risingsunstamps.com 69<br />

Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries, Inc.<br />

— www.siegelauctions.com 86<br />

Rocky Mountain Philatelic Library<br />

— http://rmplauctions.org 80, 86<br />

Rubber Stamps —shop.wcp-nm.com 86<br />

Scott A. Shaulis<br />

— www.shaulisstamps.com 86<br />

Space Cover Store<br />

— www.spacecoverstore.com 86<br />

Stampbay, Inc. — www.stampbay.com 86<br />

Stanley Gibbons Auction House<br />

—auctions.stanleygibbons.com 17<br />

Stephen T. Taylor<br />

— www.stephentaylor.co.uk 84<br />

Steve Malack Stamps<br />

— www.malack.com 16<br />

Sterling Stamp<br />

—auction.sterlingstamps.com 85<br />

Suburdan Stamp 86<br />

Tropical Stamps, Inc.<br />

— www.tropicalstamps.com 86<br />

United States Postal Service<br />

— www.USPS.com 79<br />

Universal Philatelic Auctions<br />

—www.UPAstampauctions.co.uk<br />

84<br />

Vance Auctions Ltd<br />

—www.vanceauctions.com 69<br />

Vogt Stamps —www.vogtstamps.com 86<br />

Westpex —www.westpex.org 19<br />

This index is included to help readers find advertisers<br />

included in this edition of The American Philatelist. The<br />

support of these dealers and services is very important to<br />

the APS and to The AP. Advertising is a privilege of membership<br />

and each business represented here is a member in<br />

good standing of the Society. Some postal organizations,<br />

like the U.S. Postal Service, are not directly members, but<br />

are afforded the opportunity to advertise because of their<br />

standing, reputation and impact on the hobby. Advertising<br />

is open to any member of the American Philatelic Society.<br />

For any advertiser that maintains a <strong>web</strong>site, that <strong>web</strong><br />

About the Index of Advertisers<br />

address is listed with their information above. Additionally,<br />

the online version of the journal includes clickable links<br />

for each of these companies and individuals. These links<br />

make visiting the advertisers’ <strong>web</strong>sites easy and avoids the<br />

possibility of mistyping the <strong>web</strong> address from these listings.<br />

As you interact with these advertisers, please tell them<br />

you saw their ad in The American Philatelist and let them<br />

know that you appreciate their support of the journal and<br />

the hobby in general.<br />


Walking a fine line?<br />

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Show Time<br />

stampshow@stamps.org<br />

The “Show Time” Calendar features a list of<br />

upcoming shows and APS events (shown in<br />

green). To obtain a listing, please submit a “Show<br />

Time” form, available online at www.stamps.org/<br />

Show-Calendar or by mail from APS headquarters.<br />

Information must be received 60 days before<br />

desired publication time.<br />

The listings are free to World Series of Philately<br />

and other shows that are sponsored by an APS<br />

chapter or affiliate. Other shows/bourses may<br />

purchase listings for the month of the show/<br />

bourse and the month prior only. The listing fee<br />

is $25 per show per issue. Shows designated *B*<br />

are bourse only.<br />

Grand award winners from *WSP* shows<br />

(shown in blue) are eligible for the annual APS<br />

World Series of Philately Champion of Champions<br />

competition. Visit www.stamps.org/Show-<br />

Calendar for a complete listing of shows and APS<br />

events.<br />

Pennsylvania January 5<br />

APS Virtual Course: Philatelic Research: Best<br />

Practices and Best Resources, Part 1 American<br />

Philatelic Society, Educational Offering. *APS*<br />

Email: education@stamps.org<br />

Website: stamps.org/learn/c3a-online-learning<br />

Pennsylvania January 12<br />

APS Virtual Course: Philatelic Research: Best<br />

Practices and Best Resources, Part 2 American<br />

Philatelic Society, Educational Offering. *APS*<br />

Email: education@stamps.or<br />

Website: stamps.org/learn/c3a-online-learning<br />

Indiana January 16-17<br />

Indiana Stamp Show Ann Arbor Stamp Club,<br />

Northside Events & Social Club, 2100 E. 71st<br />

Street, Lawrence. *B*<br />

Contact: Rusty Shoaf<br />

Email: rusty.shoaf@rshoaf.com<br />

Pennsylvania January 19<br />

APS Virtual Course: Philatelic Research: Best<br />

Practices and Best Resources, Part 3 American<br />

Philatelic Society, Educational Offering. *APS*<br />

Email: education@stamps.org<br />

Website: stamps.org/learn/c3a-online-learning<br />

Florida January 22-24<br />

Virtual Sarasota National Stamp Exhibition Sarasota<br />

Philatelic Club, Philatelic and Literature<br />

Exhibits & Seminars *WSP*<br />

Contact: Liz Hisey<br />

Email: lizhisey@comcast.net<br />

Website: www.sarasotastampclub.com/<br />

the-exhibition/general-info/<br />

Pennsylvania February 1<br />

APS Virtual Course: Pressing Issues: An Introduction<br />

to Printing Types, Part 1 American Philatelic<br />

Society, Educational Offering. *APS*<br />

Email: education@stamps.org<br />

Website: stamps.org/learn/c3a-online-learning<br />

Michigan February 13-14<br />

Ferndale Stamp Show Birmingham Stamp<br />

Club, Royal Oak Elks Lodge # 1523, 2410 E.<br />

Fourth Street, Royal Oak. *B*<br />

Contact: Fred Como<br />

Email: karate1dad@netscape.net<br />

Pennsylvania February 15<br />

APS Virtual Course: Pressing Issues: An Introduction<br />

to Printing Types, Part 2 American Philatelic<br />

Society, Educational Offering. *APS*<br />

Email: education@stamps.org<br />

Website: stamps.org/learn/c3a-online-learning<br />

Louisiana February 26-27<br />

2021 New Orleans Stamp Show Pontchartrain<br />

Center, 4545 Williams Blvd, Kenner. *B*<br />

Contact: Eric White<br />

Email: ericwhitegypsymoth@yahoo.com<br />

Website: ccsc.nola@org<br />

Nebraska February 28<br />

LINPEX 2021 Lincoln Stamp Club, College View<br />

Adventist Church, 4801 Prescott Ave, Lincoln.<br />

Contact: Dale Niebuhr<br />

Email: dale.niebuhr@gmail.com<br />

Website: www.lincolnstampclub.org<br />

Oregon<br />

March<br />

Virtual Willamette Valley Stamp Exhibition<br />

Greater Eugene Stamp Society and Salem Stamp<br />

Society.<br />

Contact: George Struble<br />

Email: gstruble@willamette.edu<br />

Website: www.salemstampsociety.org/WVExh1.<br />

html<br />

Pennsylvania March 1<br />

APS Virtual Course: Pressing Issues: An Introduction<br />

to Printing Types, Part 3 American<br />

Philatelic Society, Educational Offering. *APS*<br />

Email: education@stamps.org<br />

Website: stamps.org/learn/c3a-online-learning<br />

Ohio March 6-7<br />

McKinley Club Stamp Show McKinley Stamp<br />

Club of Canton OH, St. George Serbian Orthodox<br />

Social Hall, 4667 Applegrove St. NW, North<br />

Canton.<br />

Contact: Dave Pool<br />

Email: lincolnway@sssnet.com<br />

Website: http://www.mksc.<strong>web</strong>s.com<br />

Pennsylvania March 8<br />

APS Virtual Course: Getting the Most Out of the<br />

Scott Catalogue, Part 1 American Philatelic<br />

Society, Educational Offering. *APS*<br />

Email: education@stamps.org<br />

Website: stamps.org/learn/c3a-online-learning<br />

Illinois March 13-14<br />

Rockford 2-3-4 Stamp Expo Rockford Stamp<br />

Club, Forest Hilla Lodge, 1601 West Lane Rd,<br />


The APS Events Calendar (aps.buzz/<br />

Calendar) remains fairly sparse as COVIDrelated<br />

restrictions continue, but is regularly<br />

updated with cancellations and postponed<br />

show dates. We encourage readers to stay<br />

updated on the status of future shows. This<br />

is an opportunity for stamp clubs to consider<br />

how they can gather safely for events and<br />

meetings by using video conferencing tools<br />

like Zoom or GoToMeeting. To see how the<br />

APS is meeting this challenge, visit stamps.<br />

org/news and check the “Video” tab for<br />

recent recordings of APS Stamp Chats and<br />

register to attend future Chats.<br />

We are happy to offer our expertise and<br />

the APS video conferencing platforms to help<br />

clubs connect. For more information, please<br />

reach out to APS Community-Grassroots<br />

Specialist Heidi Lauckhardt-Rhoades for<br />

more information at heidi@stamps.org.<br />

Loves Park.<br />

Contact: Tim Wait<br />

Email: t.wait@comcast.net<br />

Website: http://www.rockfordstampclub.com<br />

Pennsylvania March 15<br />

APS Virtual Course: Getting the Most Out of the<br />

Scott Catalogue, Part 2 American Philatelic<br />

Society, Educational Offering. *APS*<br />

Email: education@stamps.org<br />

Website: stamps.org/learn/c3a-online-learning<br />

Website: http://www.mksc.<strong>web</strong>s.com<br />

Missouri March 19-21<br />

St. Louis Stamp Expo, Area Clubs, St. Louis<br />

Renaissance Airport Hotel, 9801 Natural Bridge<br />

Rd., St. Louis. *WSP*<br />

Contact: Mike Peter<br />

Website: http://www.stlstampexpo.org<br />

Washington March 27-28<br />

Apple Blossom Inland Empire Philatelic<br />

Society, Eagles, 16801 E. Sprague Ave., Spokane<br />

Valley. *B*<br />

Contact: J Wilson Palmer<br />


Website: http://www.ieps-stamps.com<br />

The Gold Standard in<br />


the hobby’s premier dealer<br />

of revenue stamps since 1975<br />

Holloway & Co., New York, N.Y.<br />

1862-83 1c black die essay on india,<br />

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PA residents add 6% sales tax.<br />

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Phone: 610-926-6200<br />

E-mail: eric@revenuer.com<br />

Online: www.ericjackson.com<br />

Established 1914<br />


2020 Jackson ad for December AP.indd 1 10/18/2020 5:25:23 PM

Books & Catalogs<br />

BY Gary Wayne Loew<br />

gary@stamps.org<br />

Generally Speaking – All 33 columns,<br />

plus a few philatelic words from<br />

Keller by Lawrence Block. 286<br />

pages, 6 x 9 inches, published by LB<br />

Productions, January 7, 2020. Available<br />

from amazon.com in print, audiobook<br />

and eBook formats.<br />

Philatelic columnists have long collected their writings<br />

in books and thus revealed their writings to broader audiences.<br />

Some of these writers wrote columns of lasting interest<br />

and the resulting books remain in demand. The most<br />

notable of these, perhaps, is Herman Herst, Jr., whose books<br />

The Best of Herst’s Outbursts and Nassau Street recount the<br />

philatelic scene of the mid-20th century. Although written<br />

in the moment, Herst’s collected columns represent a<br />

charming history of the period. Other authors write columns<br />

that are intended to serve as educational guides for<br />

collectors. Some retain their value retrospectively while<br />

other such columns are dated.<br />

But sometimes a philatelic columnist comes along and<br />

simply shares their individual collecting experiences as a<br />

month-to-month stream of personal vignettes. One such<br />

author is Lawrence Block, the internationally acclaimed<br />

mystery writer. Block is also the author of many nonfiction<br />

books on writing as well as a writer-in-residence at Newberry<br />

College in South Carolina.<br />

Lawrence Block collected stamps as a child, stopped,<br />

and resumed his collecting as an adult. Most of us can relate<br />

to that philatelic evolution. Block returned to collecting in<br />

the 1990s and, as the first decade of the new millennium<br />

drew to a close, found himself writing a monthly column<br />

for Linn’s Stamp News. I almost said a “stamp column,” but<br />

that is not quite right. Although he writes about stamps,<br />

Block’s writings are more about collecting. More specifically,<br />

about his collecting. There was no particular theme to<br />

the columns and that is reflected best by the column’s title,<br />

“Generally Speaking.”<br />

Block’s string of columns lasted for nearly three years,<br />

until he ran out of motivation to continue his musings.<br />

There were a total of 33 columns and in 2019 he assembled<br />

them into an eponymous book, the eponym being to the<br />

column’s name and not the author’s.<br />

Many of you will know Block best (or solely) as the<br />

author of the Keller series of novels. Keller is the assassinfor-hire<br />

who is also a dedicated stamp collector. I would<br />

hope that we don’t relate well to Keller via his vocation, but<br />

his avocation renders Keller as someone that we can understand.<br />

There are five novels and one novella in the “Keller’s<br />

Greatest Hits” (if you’ll excuse the expression) series: Hit<br />

Man, Hit List, Hit Parade, Hit & Run, Hit Me, and Keller’s<br />

Fedora. Block thought it appropriate to include vignettes<br />

from each of the novels in “Generally Speaking.”<br />

Keller’s development as a stamp collector seems remarkably<br />

similar to Block’s own philatelic evolution. But while<br />

Block eventually stopped collecting and sold his many<br />

stamp albums, Keller has remained doggedly devoted to<br />

his collecting. At one point, Keller had considered retiring<br />

from his rather stressful career. But once he caught the<br />

collecting bug, he decided to continue his profession as a<br />

means to afford slaking his philatelic passions.<br />

If one were seeking to learn about philately, perhaps<br />

one would not think to turn first to “Generally Speaking.”<br />

That might be a mistake. Stamp collecting centers around<br />

gaining knowledge and then buying wisely. But every hobbyist<br />

understands the self-actualization and fulfillment that<br />

arises from time spent with the hobby. Reading Block’s 33<br />

columns will reaffirm why we do what we do. Oh, and you<br />

might also pick up a few pointers about gaining knowledge<br />

and buying wisely. Of equal importance, you might learn<br />

how to avoid not buying wisely.<br />

The book begins with Keller walking into a stamp store<br />


and deciding to become a collector. Block then moves on<br />

to his narratives about collecting. These columns are a<br />

delightful blend of strictly autobiographical philosophizing<br />

and tutorial sessions. Block collects worldwide ending<br />

with 1940. He strives to fill all the spaces in his albums,<br />

not spending foolishly (most of the time), upgrading to<br />

stamps in better condition, and coping with the challenges<br />

of “album bulge.” He shares with us his debates over which<br />

countries to concentrate on, when to collect major or minor<br />

varieties, mint vs. used, condition, gum, hinges vs. mounts,<br />

and other philatelic nuances.<br />

Block speaks about his world travels with his wife and<br />

how they try – often with success – to visit local post offices<br />

and get a canceled stamp for their “littlest stamp album.”<br />

He uses the vehicle of an imaginary classroom to illustrate<br />

the historical relevance and semiotics of several countries.<br />

His “students” ask both penetrating and naïve questions;<br />

Block the professor always has sage answers.<br />

Perhaps many of you had the opportunity to read these<br />

columns as they originally appeared in Linn’s. I submit<br />

that it is worthwhile to reread the collected columns as an<br />

entity. In addition to understanding the mind of Keller, the<br />

philatelist/assassin, you will gain insight into the evolution<br />

of the real-world philatelist, Lawrence Block. You might<br />

also learn a bit about your own philatelic journey. You will<br />

definitely learn why Keller named his daughter Jenny.<br />

There are six Keller vignettes in Generally Speaking.<br />

By the time the book ended with the sixth vignette, I knew<br />

which actor I wanted to portray Keller in the hoped-for<br />

movie. I recommend that you buy the book and decide for<br />

yourself who that actor should be. You will also grow to<br />

understand more about being a stamp collector: the why<br />

and the how of the pleasure we experience. Generally Speaking<br />

is quite simply a delightful read.<br />

Our Unique Newsletter<br />


$5 • Free To Clients<br />

James E. Lee's<br />

Volume XXII No. 3<br />

Fall 2020<br />

Whole No. 95<br />

Philately<br />

Special Fall Edition<br />

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Biweekly Email<br />

Newsletters<br />

packed with<br />

special<br />

offers!<br />

116-E1j<br />

10c Lincoln, Orange-red and Black<br />

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since about 1990 that these have been<br />

publicly offered. Originally sold by<br />

the Nassau Stamp Company as part of<br />

the Earl of Crawford collection. They<br />

then passed through the Juhring and<br />

then Lopez collections. The catalog is<br />

decades behind. (EP95-04)<br />

$3,000.00 each<br />

63 – Great Central Fair Apr 12, 1864<br />

Clear strike of CDS ties 1¢ blue (63), Straight edge at<br />

top and with part of adjoining stamp at bottom, on red<br />

Great Central Sanitary Fair illustrated cover to local<br />

Philadelphia street address, with original printed enclosure<br />

of a Resolution of the Executive Committee. One<br />

cent franking pays the printed matter rate. Illustrated<br />

in “The United States 1¢ Franklin 1861-1867” by Don<br />

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The 96th edition of our full-color quarterly<br />

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63 – Strip of three – Philadelphia, Aug. 18. 1863<br />

To Captain A. L. Case, Fleet Captain, “Flagship Minnesota”, Norfolk,<br />

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New World Issues<br />

BY William Silvester<br />

ARMENIA – Armenian Cultural Heritage<br />

A wave of Armenians moved to Singapore from Malacca, Penang, Java, Madras and Calcutta in the<br />

1820s and 1830s. In tribute to Armenian cultural heritage around the world, this stamp was issued on<br />

September 17, 2020, depicting the facade of the Saint Gregory the Illuminator Church in Singapore.<br />

Inscribed in English and Armenian, the stamp was issued in sheetlets of 10, printed by Cartor, France.<br />

The church is the oldest standing building in Singapore, built in 1835, and considered the most famous<br />

masterpiece of Irish architect George Coleman. The surrounding tropical gardens contains a<br />

small cemetery where prominent 19th and 20th century Singapore Armenians rest. The stamp is<br />

available online from: https://aps.buzz/ArmeniaJan21.<br />

AUSTRIA – 125 Years of Swarovski<br />

Czech-born Austrian glass cutter and jeweler, Daniel Swarovski, patented an electric cutting machine in<br />

1892 to facilitate the production of lead crystal jewelry, which previously had been cut by hand. He emigrated<br />

to Austria in 1895 to partner with Armand Kosmann and Franz Weis to form A. Kosmann, D. Swarovski &<br />

Co. They built a crystal-cutting factory in Wattens, Tyrol, where they had access to local hydroelectricity for<br />

the energy-intensive grinding processes. Even today Swarovski crystals are known for their extraordinary<br />

radiance. Austria issued a €4.30 commemorative stamp on July 18, 2020, printed by offset with silver foil and<br />

available from: https://aps.buzz/AustriaJan21.<br />

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA – Butterflies<br />

Croatian Post Ltd. Mostar issued four commemorative stamps in a sheet<br />

of eight on November 1, 2020, featuring butterflies native to the territory<br />

of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Designed by Ernesto Markota, the 2,90 BAM<br />

stamps show diurnal butterflies, endangered due to the disappearance of<br />

their habitats as traditional livestock farming decreases. The insects include<br />

the common Yellow-banded skipper (Pyrgus sidae Esper); the Dalmatian<br />

argus (Proterebia afra dalmata) found near Buško Jezero lake; Freyer`s<br />

Purple Emperor (Apatura metis Freyer) from northern Bosnia near Srbac;<br />

and Assmann’s fritillary (Melitaea britomartis Assmann), first recorded<br />

near Vještić Gora. These stamps and accompanying material may be purchased<br />

online at www.epostshop.ba.<br />

GERMANY – 50 Years of Tatort<br />

Tatort (meaning “Crime Scene”) is a German television series that has been running continuously<br />

since 1970, making it the longest-running German TV drama. In each episode, different<br />

detectives in different cities attempt to solve a murder case. Issued by Deutschepost in<br />

panes of 10 on November 2, 2020, the image on the moisture activated €0.80 stamp is from<br />

the opening credits of the show over a test pattern. The stamp is the latest in the German TV<br />

Legends series and can be purchased online at: https://aps.buzz/GermanyJan21.<br />

GIBRALTAR – 2020 Definitive Set<br />

An increase in postal rates for Gibraltar on June 1, 2020, necessitated<br />

the issuing of a new definitive set. The set is color coded with the crest of<br />

Her Majesty’s Government of Gibraltar, the version adopted in 2014, as the<br />

main feature. The design combines the coat of arms of Her Majesty’s Government<br />

above that of Gibraltar, consisting of an escutcheon and a threetowered<br />

castle above a hanging golden key symbolizing Great Britain’s possession<br />

of The Rock since 1704. Designed by Stephen Perera, the set ranges<br />

from 12p to £4 and is available online from https://post.gi/shop/.<br />


SOUTH KOREA – 100th Anniversary of the Death of Martyr Yu Gwansun<br />

To mark the 100th anniversary of the death of Yu Gwansun (December 16, 1902 – September 28, 1920),<br />

known as Korea’s Joan of Arc, a single 380 won stamp was issued on September 28, 2020. Also known as Ryu<br />

Gwan-sun, the teenaged girl was a Korean independence activist and organizer of what would become known<br />

as the March 1st Movement against Imperial Japanese colonial rule of Korea. Though a peaceful demonstration,<br />

it led to her arrest, torture and death at the hands of the Japanese occupiers, resulting in her martyrdom<br />

for Korea’s fight for independence. The design on the stamp shows part of the shrine built in her honor at<br />

Byeongcheon-myeon, after Korea finally achieved independence in 1945. The stamp can be found online at<br />

http://www.koreapost.go.kr/.<br />

MARSHALL ISLANDS – Race to the White House<br />

The 2020 United States presidential election was still to be held when Marshall Islands issued<br />

a set of three sheetlets of four $2 stamps to commemorate the event on October 16, 2020.<br />

Staying as non-partisan as possible, the sheetlets gave equal time to all candidates, showing<br />

each an equal number of times with separate views of the White House prominent in the selvage.<br />

One sheet depicts the two Democrats, former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. and U.S.<br />

Senator Kamala D. Harris with two different photographs; a second sheet shows two views<br />

each of President Donald J. Trump and VP Michael R. Pence; the third sheetlet (shown here)<br />

features all four candidates with former VP Biden and Senator Harris on the left and President<br />

Trump and VP Pence on the right side of the sheetlet. Readers will note one faux pas: the party<br />

logo and names are placed under the opposing candidates. The stamps are available from the<br />

Marshall Islands exclusive philatelic agent at: https://www.igpc.com/thumbs.cfm<br />

SPAIN - Urban Architecture -<br />

Atlético de Madrid stadium<br />

Spain has begun a new series of stamps dedicated to urban<br />

architecture with the latest issue reviewing five stadiums<br />

that have served Madrid since 1903. Issued in panes of nine<br />

with a history of the stadiums and important dates in the top<br />

selvage, the design of the €2 stamp features an aerial view of<br />

the entire stadium with the red and white colors of Atlético<br />

de Madrid in the background. The stadium has an unusual<br />

design, constructed at different heights rather than horizontally<br />

giving it a wave-like appearance. The roof covers 96% of<br />

the 68,000 spectators, prioritizing safety, comfort, and space<br />

over large crowds. The stamp is available from https://aps.<br />

buzz/SpainJan21.<br />


Women in Peacekeeping<br />

“Women in Peacekeeping: A Key to<br />

Peace” is the theme of a pane of 10 $1.20<br />

(U.S.) stamps issued to pay tribute to<br />

United Nations uniformed and civilian<br />

personnel on the International Day of<br />

United Nations Peacekeepers, May 29,<br />

2020. The five designs are used twice on<br />

the sheetlet and feature images of worldwide<br />

UN peacekeeping services. The tab<br />

showing the UN logo can be personalized.<br />

2020 also marks the 20th anniversary<br />

of the UN Security Council Resolution<br />

on Women, Peace and Security. The<br />

sheetlet can be found online at https://<br />

aps.buzz/UNJan21.<br />

• • • • •<br />

New worldwide stamps are presented for information and are not necessarily shown at the correct scale. The quality of images available<br />

at the time of release varies widely and we resize to achieve the best possible reproduction.<br />


Worldwide<br />

in a Nutshell<br />

BY BOB LAMB • AP Columnist<br />


(Malagasy Republic)<br />

Status: Presidential Republic<br />

Population: 26,955,737 (2020 est.)<br />

Area: 226,658 sq. miles<br />

Currency: 5 iraimbilanja = 1 ariary. (US$1 = 4000 ariary)<br />

Madagascar is an island about the size of Texas off the southeast<br />

coast of Africa. It was settled largely by migration from Indonesia.<br />

There were short-lived British and French coastal settlements<br />

before the island became a haunt for pirates in the late 17th century.<br />

Madagascar consisted of numerous unconnected settlements until<br />

the early 19th century, when Radama I, a reform-minded chief in Antananarivo,<br />

sought British help in modernizing his country. The British<br />

recognized him as “King of Madagascar.” Among his reforms was the<br />

establishment of a royal mail service.<br />

In 1840, the French established a naval base on the island of Nossi Be (Nosy Be) off Madagascar’s<br />

western coast. This was the main transit hub for mail until 1882 when a monthly steamer<br />

service was set up from Tamatave (Toamasina) to Réunion. The maritime office in Tamatave received<br />

mail from the French Consulate in Antananarivo. After 1859, this service used French stamps, and after<br />

1864, French Colonies stamps.<br />

In 1883, when the ruler of northern Madagascar refused to accede to French protection, the French invaded.<br />

As a result, they acquired Diego Suarez where they built a naval base in 1885. France had previously<br />

established coastal enclaves in Nossi Be (1840) and Ste Marie de Madagascar island (1750). The three enclaves<br />

had post offices and briefly issued stamps. They were integrated into Madagascar in 1896.<br />

The French invasion disrupted regular mail operations. As a result, in May 1883 the British Consulate<br />

arranged for the French to transport their mail. For use by this service, the British<br />

Consul in 1884 began selling locally printed stamps inscribed British Consular<br />

Mail or BCM. These stamps were discontinued in 1888 when the national Post and Telegraph service was<br />

opened in Antananarivo. From January to September 1895, the British operated a local mail service from<br />

Antananarivo to Natal, via the port of Vantomanry. For this, they produced 13 stamps inscribed British<br />

Inland Mail Madagascar.<br />

In 1894, the Norwegian consulate authorized a postal service for its missionaries. Four stamps were<br />

produced locally, inscribed N.M.S. (for Norwegian Missionary Society). Their use was discontinued in<br />

1896 when Madagascar was annexed by France.<br />

On June 29, 1891, six locally produced values - the first Malagasy stamps - were released. By 1894,<br />

twelve government post offices were operating country-wide. On February 28, 1897, Madagascar became<br />

a French colony.<br />

During World War II, French officials in Madagascar were loyal to the Vichy<br />

government. British and South African forces occupied the island in September<br />

1942. After Gaullist forces arrived in January 1943, “Free French” overprints<br />

were placed on sale.<br />

France established an autonomous “Malagasy Republic” in 1958. On June 26,<br />

1960 it became independent. In 1993, its name was changed to the Republic of<br />

Madagascar.<br />

Upon independence, Madagascar used the CFA Franc. In 1963, it adopted the<br />

Malagasy franc. In 2003, the ariary became the official currency. Since that time, its<br />

stamps show both currencies. The ariary is fixed at 5 Malagasy Francs (FMG).<br />


— Paid Advertisement —<br />

• By Car • By Plane • By Bus • • By Train • By Boat •<br />

We Want<br />

To Buy!!<br />

We Want<br />

To Visit!!<br />




when the buyer will personally visit your city and<br />

view your collection. The dealers listed will travel<br />

to “any city” to view appropriate holdings.<br />

UNFORTUNATELY many collections in the $2,000<br />

to $20,000 range do not economically justify the<br />

time and expense for a professional buyer to<br />

travel long distances to personally view your<br />

collection.<br />

WE OFFER A SOLUTION: Each dealer listed has<br />

designated a state, and region, he will make every<br />

effort to personally visit. Contact that dealer<br />

direct and discuss your collection and options. If<br />

your state is not listed, contact the closest dealer,<br />

or a dealer of your choice.<br />

YOUR GUARANTEE: While each dealer listed<br />

is an independently owned business, all are<br />

members of either the ASDA or the APS (most<br />

are both), insuring fairness and integrity in<br />

purchasing your collection.<br />



Ohio, Michigan,<br />

Randy Scholl Stamp Co.<br />

Kentucky, Indiana,<br />

7460 Jager Court<br />

Tennessee, West Virginia, Cincinnati, OH 45230<br />

Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Phone: 513-624-6800<br />

New York, or Ontario randyscholl@fuse.net<br />

New England randyschollstampcompany.com<br />

Wisconsin,<br />

Dr. Robert Friedman & Sons<br />

Northern Florida, Phone: 800-588-8100<br />

Southern Florida, Fax: 630-985-1588<br />

or Texas:<br />

drbobstamps@comcast.net<br />

www.drbobfriedmanstamps.com<br />

Coins also wanted.<br />

California, Nevada, Newport Harbor Stamp Co.<br />

Arizona, Oregon, P.O. Box 3364<br />

or Washington: Newport Beach, CA 92659<br />

Phone: 800-722-1022 (Dave)<br />

newportharborstamps@gmail.com<br />


North Carolina,<br />

South Carolina,<br />

Georgia, or Virginia:<br />


PRM Enterprises, Inc.<br />

Randall T. Scribner<br />

10700 Hickory Ridge Rd.<br />

Harrisburg, NC 28075<br />

Phone: (704) 575-2795<br />

scrib1@yahoo.com<br />

Coins also wanted<br />

Illinois, Iowa,<br />

Coins, Stamps ’N Stuff LLC<br />

Minnesota, Kansas,<br />

Jerry & Barb Koepp<br />

Nebraska, South/<br />

8190 Hickman Road<br />

North Dakota, Des Moines, IA 50325-4405<br />

Missouri, New Mexico, Phone: 515-331-4307<br />

Arkansas, or Colorado: Orders: 847-778-5519<br />

Fax: 515-331-2527

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