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MARKET AS IT PERTAINS TO HIS/HER HOLDINGS. One of the essential things

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January 2021

VOLUME 135 • NO. 1 • WHOLE NO. 1,440

Table of Contents






When presented the challenge of a “one

from everywhere” collection, John Seidl

stepped up to the plate – and now he has

some words of advice for other collectors

who wish to try their hand at such a

worldwide collection.







John Shotliff’s philatelic journey may have

begun with Liechtenstein Michel 11-16,

but he quickly realized that the story of

this tiny country’s early issues is anything

but tiny. Follow along as Shotliff takes us

through WWI and post-war Liechtenstein,

its early independent stamp issues, and

the amazing errors and oddities that

resulted in some of the most interesting

stamps in philately.






Just a few short years, just a few countries

and military zones… yet Allied Military

Government (AMG) collecting has

something to appeal to any collector (not

to mention history buffs).



Continuing his introduction to the wide world of

U.S. revenues, Ron Lesher explains the first purpose

of revenues: to show that a tax has been paid or

that it is exempt from taxation. Worthy of special

note are revenue stamps for certificates and luxury

goods, not to mention special tax stamps that

measure over 36 square inches!




(SCOTT 1092)


Continuing his long-running column “U.S.

Commemoratives of the 1950s,” Charles Posner dives

into Scott 1092, the 50-year commemorative of

Oklahoma’s statehood and one of the


least-popular stamp designs of 1957.

Other Features





One year after her debut article in the

AP, Katrin Raynor-Evans is back with a

astrophilatelic sequel, inspired in part

by the contributions of other generous




66 Adventures in Expertizing

72 APRL Notes

91 Books & Catalogs

75 Bridges

70 Buy and Sell

81 Classified Ads

6 Editing Philately

74 In Touch

12 Letters to the Editor

77 Membership Report

68 My Stamp Story

94 New World Issues

18 Our Story

4 President’s Column

89 Show Time

96 Worldwide in a Nutshell





Since 1887 — The Premier

Philatelic Magazine in the Nation


Gary Wayne Loew, ext. 221 • Gary@stamps.org


Susanna Mills, ext. 207 • smills@stamps.org


Chad Cowder, ext. 223 • CCowder@stamps.org


Steve Schwanz

Fox Associates, Inc. 800-440-0231


American Philatelic Society

American Philatelic Research Library

100 Match Factory Place • Bellefonte, PA 16823

814-933-3803 • 814-933-6128 (Fax)



Scott English, ext. 219 • scott@stamps.org


Wendy Masorti, ext 218 • wendy@stamps.org


Jeff Krantweiss, ext. 216


GENERAL INFORMATION apsinfo@stamps.org


requests@stamps.org, ext. 201


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Heidi Lauckhardt-Rhoades, ext. 222


SHOWS/EXHIBITIONS Morgan Stinson, ext. 217




The American Philatelist (ISSN 0003-0473) is published

monthly by the American Philatelic Society, Inc., 100

Match Factory Place, Bellefonte, PA 16823.

Periodicals postage paid at Bellefonte, PA 16823 and at

additional mailing office. Price per copy $6.95. Canadian

Distribution Agreement Number 40030959.

Opinions expressed in articles in this magazine are those

of the writers and are not necessarily endorsed by the society

and/or the magazine. The American Philatelist cannot

be responsible for the accuracy of any information

printed herein.

Postmaster: Send address changes to:

The American Philatelist

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©2020, The American Philatelic Society, Inc.


President’s Column

BY Robert Zeigler



Don’t Resist the Urge to Specialize

Some brave collectors still try to collect the world –

and as you’ll see in this issue, the definition of “collecting

the world” can vary depending on who you

talk to. But if your goal is a complete

world collection, you’ve probably

found that the volume and cost of new

issues is such that a very high budget

is needed just to keep up. The temptation

is extremely strong to draw

the line somewhere, whether in time

(1940 is a popular stopping point)

or by singling out a continent (easy

enough if you choose “Antarctica”!),

or, more likely, a country. If you decide

on a country, well – it is very likely

that you will become a specialist.

Often, you arrive at specialization

in easy stages.

You try at the beginning to

collect every stamp that happens

to fall into your hands.

But then – the urge to complete

arises, and you begin to

appreciate the inherent conflict

between the breadth of what you

have desired to collect and the

limits imposed by time and expense.

Specialization represents a

compromise; you narrow your

Switzerland 333

focus to what you think you

can handle. But as you focus on

something less broad, the true depths of collecting any

major country becomes ever more apparent. Even the

“narrowed” focus is just the tip of the iceberg.


Switzerland Scott B11

In my own case, I started by collecting United States

and Europe. As time went by, I passed through ever more

narrow phases, dropping the pursuit of one country after

another. The United States was an early casualty as I realized

that I could not possibly do justice to my native land

because it is so vast and varied, and also because so many

of our American collectors are such experts in the area.

I could spend the rest of my life, not

to mention my money, trying to catch

up. True, if I had been a little more discerning,

I could have been careful to

select some more limited area within

the United States, maybe a single state,

a city or a county.

Instead, after passing through an

intermediate phase that included Scandinavia

and Australia, I decided to

pursue Switzerland. Why? It is fairly

small, has a rich history, has three major

languages (German, French and

Italian), plus a minor language derived

from Latin and only spoken in a small

portion of the country, and has a

great stamp-issuing heritage and

an enthusiastic following of collectors,

both at home and elsewhere.

I found it especially interesting

because of its neutrality

during the two great wars of the

twentieth century.

So I ended up with one country,

and a rather small one at

that! But I have not regretted my

choice. So went my journey into

specialization. Everyone has a

different journey – and there is

no harm in choosing to remain

a worldwide collector! There is a mutual respect among

collectors no matter what they have chosen, because everyone

is affected by the urge to collect, no matter how

differently that urge might strike. The drive to collect and

bring order to your collection is a hallmark of an inquiring


Happy New Year and happy collecting!

Keeeher & Rogee, Ltd.

Fine Asian Auctions


Two Special and Profoundly Serious China Auctions

at our Danbury, CT Galleries in February 2021

Every now and again, a truly special collection from

long-ago resurfaces to capture the imagination and

rekindle the collecting passions of days gone by.

Such is the case of the remarkable “Legend of the Dragon”


As the name would suggest, the overriding emphasis

of this stellar collection is based around the iconic Large

Dragon issues of the Ching Dynasty. The collection, which

has not seen the light of day in well over a generation, begins

with a splendid array of the Large Dragon first issues proper,

featuring sheets and blocks of the 1878 thin paper issues—in

addition to a multitude of select quality mint sets for the

1878 issue, as well as representation of the 1882 Wide Margin

and 1883 thick paper printings.

Not to be outdone, the 1885 and 1888 Second Customs

Small Dragon Issues feature wonderful coverage, include

panes, dual panes, a superb showing of mint blocks of 4, rare

imperforate proofs, in addition to lovely Small Dragon surcharges,

which feature numerous sets of blocks of the Small

Figure issues, in addition to a lovely and rare set of blocks of

4 of the Large Figure surcharges.

Perhaps the most fascinating portion of the ample Small

Dragon section are the nearly dozen lots of the elusive

“Taiwan Postage Stamp” or “Formosa” issues, which feature

Laurence Gibson started in

the stamp business

multiples, varieties etc.

professionally in the early

1980s with Earl P.L.

Apfelbaum. Laurence

became Far Eastern

specialist, and heavily

involved in the Asian

Philatelic market. Laurence

oversaw many important

“One Owner” sales and

brokered the famous “Sun”

collection of Red Revenues

for $2.5 million to a collector. Other notable single owner

collections that Gibson has worked with include The Lois Evans

Exhibition Collection, The “Knight” Sale of Select Rarities from

China, The Fred Freilicher Collection of Hong Kong, The

Michael Eugene Ruggiero Collection of Classic Japan, The

Bruce Lee Memorabilia Collection, The Lee Yuen Wong

Collection of China and The Dr. Steven J. Berlin Collection of

Karl Lewis Covers. His experience and knowledge in the

industry sets him apart in the philatelic market place.

Following the Customs Issues is a specialized section of

the 1894-1897 Empress Dowager Issues including a rare,

complete set of First Printing Large Mother Die Proofs

in addition to outstanding Black Second print proofs of

re-drawn designs, exquisite “cigarette” paper proofs, Second

print proofs on white paper etc. A wonderful study of the

9ca tete-beche pairs are noted, including a lovely block of 4,

Buy • Sell • Consign

stamps@kelleherasia.com • www.kelleherasia.com

USA Office: Daniel F. Kelleher Auctions

22 Shelter Rock Ln., Unit 53,

Danbury CT 06810

T: +1.203.830.2500 F: 203.297.6059

as well as examples of all six types. Impressive surcharges also.

A powerful section of the 1897 Red Revenue issue is

included, highlighted by select quality examples of the Small

4c surcharge as well as the $5 value.

Perhaps the most extraordinary portion of this legendary

collection lies in the remarkable assembly dedicated to the

incomparably diverse and wide ranging 1897-1914 postal

history of the Coiling Dragon issues. Within the approximately

110 individual lots, we will find some of the finest

sections of Large & Small Dollar Chops, Pa-kua cancels, Sun

& Moon chops, Tomb stone cancels and Railway postmarks

ever offered in one place. The usages and varieties of this

issue, in addition to the enormous range of postmarks, designate

these issues as some of the most significant in Chinese

postal history.

The second portion of the Kelleher & Rogers lineup

features issues of the Peoples Republic of China formed by

a lady presently residing in New York City. In addition to

a fine offering of scarce issues, we often find duplicated offerings

of the ever-popular miniature sheets, along with full

sheets of select issues etc.

The collection was formed contemporaneously to the

time of issue, and includes five positional blocks of four of

the 1981 Monkey New Year issue, imperforate, marginal

Buy • Sell • Consign

In 1996, David Coogle

co-founded, with Andrew

Levitt, the Nutmeg Stamp

Sales mail auction firm. In

2004, Greg Manning

purchased the Nutmeg bran

and later merged the H.R.

Harmer and Nutmeg

companies, positioning Dav

as President. During this

period, John Bull Stamp

Auctions (amongst other

firms) were acquired by the

Manning firm and under the

Philatelic Divisions Management Team which included

David. He began calling auctions in Hong Kong for the

newly founded Dynasty Auctions Company, Ltd., with

his friend and business Partner Laurence Gibson as

co-owners and enjoys being an owner Director and

Auctioneer at Kelleher & Rogers, Ltd.

Mei Lan-tang issues, and a choice block of 4 of the second

Military Stamp issue.

Without any doubt, this K&R fabulous February Public

Auction is of such pre-eminent importance that it will clearly

set the pace for China philately in 2021. Send for your free

catalog today.

All inquiries for these two sales should be directed to

Laurence Gibson at Kelleher’s Danbury offices.

Editing Philately

BY Gary Wayne Loew

Editor-in-Chief of APS Publications


A Journey Around-the-Philatelic-World

More, more, and still more…

Since I began writing this column several months ago, I have ended by reminding APS

members that this is your American Philatelist. I’ve encouraged you to write and let us know

what you like and don’t like about the AP. And many of you have done just that.

I learned that you want more articles about stamps and more articles about postal history.

You want more articles about U.S. stamps and more articles about foreign stamps. You want

more in-depth articles and more articles for beginners. The ambitious full-year editorial calendar

we introduced was well received by all who wrote. About half of the members liked the idea

of the special issues and half did not like the idea.

So this month, you are all going to get what you wanted! Welcome to January’s “Wide World

of Stamp Collecting: a potpourri of collecting topics.” To achieve that, we start with an article

on collecting the world. We will be visiting the United States, of course, examining a single

commemorative stamp of the 1950s and an entire genre of stamps (revenues). We will visit the

Principality of Liechtenstein and explore collecting Allied Military Government stamps. And,

because planet Earth is not big enough for stamp collectors, we will visit the Hubble Space Telescope,

Hale-Bopp and (almost) to the universe and beyond – philatelically speaking, that is.

In this issue

Many of us began collecting with an enormous scope – perhaps you were given a worldwide

stamp album as a child, or perhaps you began by collecting every stamp that fell into your

hands. No matter where you take your collection next, this issue is

proof that there is no wrong way to collect. APS President Bob Zeigler

gives some advice for the collector who prefers to specialize, but we

also find that “collecting the world” can be very rewarding. John Seidl

offers his thoughts on different ways to specialize in worldwide stamp

collecting. John has been participating in and giving back to the hobby

for many years. One of the ways that he gives back is by serving as

the president of the International Society of Worldwide Stamp Collectors

(www.iswsc.org). Check out their interesting website.

From collecting the world, we shift focus to the opposite extreme.

Liechtenstein is the sixth-smallest independent nation in

the world, but its philately will support as deep a dive as any specialist

could wish for. To prove that, author John R. Shotliff tells “A Tale of

Errors, Freaks and Oddities… and Politics.”


The American Philatelist depends on our members, who provide much of the

content of this magazine. I’d like to encourage more members to join our roster of

philatelic writers. If you have an idea, please send your article idea, an outline and

a brief description of what would make it interesting to our audience. Send your

proposal by email to aparticle@stamps.org or mail to The American Philatelist, c/o

Article Submission, 100 Match Factory Place, Bellefonte, PA 16823.

APS Official Family



Robert Zeigler



Cheryl Ganz


Patricia (Trish) Kaufmann


Jeff Shapiro



Stephen Schumann



Bruce Marsden



Michael Bloom


Rich Drews


Peter P. McCann


Mark Schwartz



Stephen Reinhard



Nicholas A. Lombardi

P.O. Box 1005

Mountainside, NJ 07092



Hugh Wood Inc.,

220 Match Factory Place

Bellefonte, PA 16823

Toll Free: 888-APS-6494

Phone: 212-509-3777

Fax: 212-509-4906



To change your address online

visit stamps.org and log into your

My APS account. Or mail your

new address information to

APS, 100 Match Factory Place,

Bellefonte, PA 16823

(Fax: 814-933-6128).

Please try to give us four weeks’

notice. You can also add an

e-mail address or website to

your APS record.



APS-7.qxp_APS 06.05.20 14:30 Seite 1

If you have interests that transcend national boundaries,

there are many ways to philatelically satisfy those

interests. For example, let me quote from Richard Pederson’s

intriguing article, “The Allure of AMG Collecting”:

“The Allied Military Government (AMG) specialty…

has something for everyone, spanning multiple

geographic and political states, several languages,

changes in government and administration, and a

rich historical situation – over the course of just a

few years.”

Pederson is editor of the A.M.G. Courier, the

journal of The Allied Military Government Collectors’ Club (www.


If going cross-border or collecting the whole world isn’t expansive enough

for you, then perhaps the realm of astrophilately will slake your philatelic questing.

When Katrin Raynor-Evans appeared in these pages exactly one year ago (“A

Stamp on the Universe”) her article resonated with APS members. Many sent her

astrophilatelic artifacts that they thought she might enjoy. In this issue, she shares

her adventures in learning about new off-planet philatelic subjects. This is yet another

rocket-propelled article from Katrin. I am sure you will enjoy the ride.

Ron Lesher returns with the second installment in his column “The Collector

of Revenue.” “Paying a Tax or Tax Exempt” shows us how a revenue stamp

might verify that a tax has been paid or might confirm that no tax is due. The

world of revenue stamps tells us so much about how governments achieved their

fiscal requirements through diverse means of taxation. The subject may appear

specialized, but it broaches vast swathes

of society.

Longtime contributor Charles

Posner resumes his journey through

the meaningful commemoratives of

the 1950s. This time he settles on

the year 1957 and the stamp commemorating

the 50th anniversary

of Oklahoma Statehood. This is a

tale of postage, politics, and design

planning. There is a lot to be

learned about the creation of this

3¢ stamp.

Your areas

of interest can be

saved, and you

receive notifications

for newly listed


Helping APS members to learn more

One thing that all collectors appear to have in common is an endless quest to

learn more about the stamps they collect or are considering collecting. We – and

the APRL staff – frequently get inquiries about the topics that appeared in the

prior month’s AP. So, beginning this month, many of the articles will end with a

new feature, a sidebar titled “For Further Reading.” The talented researchers on the

APRL staff will recommend books, articles, websites, presentations from the APS

YouTube channel, and perhaps courses available on our C3a educational archive.

APS members can borrow books and obtain copies of articles, as well as sign up

for C3a courses.

Helping APS members find stamp dealers

One observation that I made earlier struck a favorable note with many readers.

You appreciate our new attention to balanced focus between content to help

you be better collectors while simultaneously enabling you to more readily locate

www. philasearch.com

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Above: The covers for the huge catalogs of public auctions

(Our Nos. 745 and 750) Parts I and II of the Stock and Private

Holdings of the late William S., Langs. More major auctions

of the Langs properties are forthcoming.

January 2021:

William Langs Part 3: United States Essays, Proofs and Trial Colors Including Revenues

and Private Die Proprietary Issues. An important sale not to be missed.

William Langs Part 4: EFOs, The most comprehensive Holding of Errors

EVER to be offered at Public Auction

Flagship Sale of United States & Possessions, British & Worldwide Stamps and

Postal History—Features include selections from the following collections:

Allen Fink, Proprietor of Philatex • Allenwood Investment Holdings

Leo Malz further offerings including Yemen

Brian McGrath Extensive Collection and Stock • “Bradstreet” Worldwide Collection

• Stanley Richmond—His personal collection

Plus many other consignors’ material

January – April 2021:

William Langs Part 5 and Beyond: More Postal History, FDCs, Airmail Flights, Singles,

Plate Blocks, Sheets, Coils, Possessions

The Oldest Continually Operated Philatelic Auction House in the United States of America


As usual, Multiple Spectacular

Auctions from America’s Oldest

Philatelic Auction House:

Some examples of the 1,712 lots in

Part II of the public auction held on

Dec. 8-11 of the

William S. Langs holdings.

February 2021:

Aero-Philatelists and Astro-Philatelists alike will be pleased

with a separate catalog Featuring:

“Caruso” Collection of Aerophilately, Early Pioneer through Zeppelin Flights

Leo Malz Collections of Rocket Mail and Astro Philately

March 2021:

An immense Collections, Stocks and Accumulations of the World Sale which

will begin to unveil the true depth and value of the Langs private holding,

along with material from the above consignors and many others.

Also Beginning in January:

Weekly Internet Sales to include Portions from the immense stock and private

holdings of the late William S. Langs. With sales closing each Sunday evening at

9PM there will be something for everyone!

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stamp dealers who can match your individual collecting

needs. Coming in the March issue, we will be introducing a

sidebar accompanying many of our articles: “Where To Buy.”

At the end of these articles, we will list the AP advertisers

that offer philatelic material related to the contents of the article.

These brief citations will key to dealers’ websites as well

as their display ads throughout the AP. We want to make

it easy to grow from knowledgeable collectors to informed


More, More, And Still More (Redux)

The messages you sent to us all had one thing in common:

AP readers want more. More articles. More access to

the right dealers for you. When you contact a stamp dealer

or philatelic auction house, please tell them that you saw

their ad in The American Philatelist.

* * *

I have said this before: if you wish to see a perpetuallyimproving

American Philatelist, you – our readers and APS

members – must become a part of this exciting journey.

Reach out to me with your questions, concerns, and suggestions.

Contact us to write for the AP. More importantly, volunteer

to participate. This is your American Philatelist. My

email is Gary@stamps.org.


Quality U.S. Stamps

Singles (mint and used), Plate Blocks, Booklet Panes

plus Complete Booklets, Price lists $2 each category or

free online. We also buy quality U.S. & foreign stamps.

Mountainside Stamps, Coins and Currency

P.O. Box 1116 • Mountainside, NJ 07092

Tel: 908-419-9751 or 908-232-0539

E-mail: tjacks@verizon.net • www.mountainsidestamps.com

Tom Jacks, owner; member APS, ASDA



New Issues: 21 July 2020

100th Anniversary

of Rupert Bear



Rupert Bear




Bill the Badger


On November 8, 1920, a small, furry brown bear wearing

a scarf, sweater and checked trousers was sent off to the

shops by his mother for some provisions. Unfortunately,

he got lost on the way, but 100 years on, Rupert Bear

continues to captivate audiences around the world.

We are delighted to celebrate the centenary of this most

loveable character with our special issue stamps and

miniature sheet.

Order Guernsey & Alderney stamps online or by

tel: +44 (0) 1481 716486 email: philatelic@guernseypost.com



Rupert Bear



80th Anniversary of

the Battle of Britain


Searching for

enemy aircraft

Full Philatelic

product range

available on our






Available with all issues:

First Day Covers and

Presentation Packs.


Guernsey Stamps @guernseystamps www.guernseystamps.com




80 TH





Supermarine Spitfire

& Hawker Hurricane



Heinkel He 111

bomber under fire



The Battle of Britain took place

between 10th July and 31st October

1940, Nazi Germany’s failure to destroy

Britain’s air defences or force Britain to

negotiate an armistice was one of the

crucial turning points in the war.

This emotive issue comes with an

informative prestige booklet.

80 TH


80 TH



Letters to the Editor


Oh Pongal

I was both surprised and delighted to

read Dhatri Iyer’s article “Oh Pongal: Celebrate

the Pongal Festival With Us” in

the December AP. I really enjoyed reading

about this festival and love Dhatri’s enthusiasm and

willingness to share her culture and traditions. And to think,

she was inspired by an FDC! The future of philately is in

young people like Dhatri. I am a huge fan of Indian food

and Indian festivities, having studied Indian cuisines and

cultures for over 30 years. I am fortunate to live in a town

with a large Indian population and excellent markets so I

will be putting the Pongal dates on my calendar and preparing

some traditional, festive foods. I am very inspired by

Dhatri’s article and enjoyed seeing the FDC. I sincerely hope

to see more articles from this enthusiastic young lady. Vanakkamm


I also hope to see articles about other cultures and their

traditions as seen on stamps and philatelic items. Such a fun

way to learn about our friends and neighbors.

(P.S. Vanakkam is a Tamil word used in greeting as a sign

of respect - similar to Namaste in Hindi.)

Marion Rollings, PhD

Hillsborough, NJ

Practical applications of

stamp collecting

My father bought me a small paperback

album when I was around 10 years old and

this began a lifetime learning experience.

I was working on a degree in Criminal Justice and needed

to take an elective. Friends suggested that I take a course

called “The Economic Development of the People’s Republic

of China.” Taught by an Emeritus Professor, the course

was used as a learning process using China’s economy as the


There were 13 of us taking the course, 12 of which were

MBA candidates. Made me feel out of place. During the

first class the professor began talking about Sri Lanka. After

about five minutes it became obvious that none of the

other students had any idea what or where Sri Lanka was.

He asked if anyone knew anything about this country. I was

the only one to raise a hand. I told him about the island, its

name change from Ceylon, its location and its products. I

talked for about five minutes and got a lot of nasty stares

form my fellow students.

During the first break I was grilled by the others who

were annoyed that an outsider had shown them up. The reason

I remembered Sri Lanka was because one of the first sets

of stamps my father gave me was a set of florals from this

country. How could I ever forget the beauty of the stamps

and how could I forget that each stamp was printed twice?

– once in their native language and then in English. These

stamps still have an honored place in my collection.

I prefer stamps that were purchased by someone, put

on an envelope or package, and mailed. The person who received

the stamp saved it and passed it on. One can only

imagine the journey each stamp has taken. It has a history

that can only be imagined.

By the way, I was one of the few students in the class to

get an “A” at the end of the semester.

David L. Shoemaker

Fogelsville, PA

Santa to the rescue

I grew up in the suburbs of Washington

DC, in the 1940s and 50s and even though

I have long ago become a Texan, I still have

a lot of family and friends on the East Coast. Some

years ago, I was visiting the area when I picked up a copy of

the Washington Post newspaper. While idly reading, I noticed

a full page listing of people with unclaimed property in

the State of Maryland. As one is wont to do, I skimmed the

list for my name, not really expecting to see it.

But there it was - “TERMINI, BENEDICT, WEST VIR-

GINIA AVE.” - my name and the street I had lived on when

I was a child in Bethesda, Maryland. I had not lived at that

address since the early 1950s when our rapidly growing family

had moved to a larger house. I could not believe that there

was unclaimed property in my name, now held by the State of

Maryland, dating from my childhood, over half a century ago.


I called the telephone

number listed

in the notice and spoke

with an employee of

the State Comptroller’s

office. She said there

was indeed a nice sum

of money (over $400)

in their unclaimed

property fund with my

name on it, although she did not have any idea where it came from. She said all I

had to do was go online, download the appropriate form from their website and

send it in with a copy of my driver’s license. I did so.

But I had not reckoned with the obstacles of government bureaucracy. Six

weeks later I received a response stating that in order for them to send me a check

I would have to document that I had lived at the specified address on West Virginia


This was easier said than done. My parents were deceased, and I had only lived

at that address as a small child. How do you go about proving where you lived

when you were five years old? After a thorough search I located some of my report

cards from grade school. Alas, they only listed my name and age, and helpful comments

like, “Could do much better.”

But while searching for my report cards, I came across a letter to Santa Claus

that I had written, with the help of my father, in 1947. At the age of four, I sat on my

father’s knee while he carefully wrote out my letter to Santa, listing all the presents

I wanted for Christmas – a sail boat, toy trucks, a bag of candy, and others. I have

no idea how the pair of size 11 slippers got on the list. I found the letter with my

father’s papers after his death - he had saved it all his life. And yes - it did give an

address, on West Virginia Avenue, for Santa to deliver my presents. It even had a

couple of torn 1947 Christmas seals at the top.

I copied the letter and sent it to the State Comptroller’s office with an explanation

and the comment that, “If you can’t trust Santa Claus, who can you trust.”

Three weeks later I received my check.

Benedict (Benny) Termini

Fort Worth, TX

Fancy cancels and fancy revenue stamps

I have thoroughly enjoyed every issue of The American Philatelist

since re-joining the APS a number of years ago, but the November 2020

issue was spectacular in my humble opinion! I especially want to thank

you, and Nick Kirke, for the very educational article on “New York Foreign

Mail Cancels on the Large Bank Note Issues, 1870-75.” I had run across “foreign

mail cancels” terminology before and had made a mental note to do some research

on exactly what that entailed, so this article, in all its detail and examples, was extremely

interesting and informative. Very useful is the “Further Reading” section

at the end. I can’t wait for Mr. Kirke’s Part Two!

The next article that impressed me was the very next article, “Revenues and

Who Authorized Them,” part of a new “The Collector of Revenue” series, by Ron

Lesher. A relatively new area of collecting for me, so there was much new info in

the article. I especially appreciate the portion dealing with the plethora of nonpaper

revenue materials. Who knew? Certainly not me! Very much looking forward

to this series!






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Thank you, again, and keep up the excellent work!

Vincent Cox

Greensboro, GA

Pandemic philately

The cover shown depicts a new German

cancel on the topic of the coronavirus,

from Briefzentrum 30 (Postal Center

30), which serves the Hannover area. It

reads: “Gemeinsam gegen Corona” (together against

corona) and “sich selbst und andere schutzen” (protect yourselves

and others) with a heart formed by two arms hugging-

-from a distance. The stamp is a 110 Eurocent value from the

flower series and pays the standard letter rate to the US from

Germany. It is an interesting postal sign of the times.

Ken Gilbert

Columbus, OH

(Editor’s note: Many nations have issued stamps or cancellations

about the COVID-19 pandemic. The American Philatelist

will be publishing information on this philatelic topic

in coming months.)

Memories for the tongs…

After reading the spate of letters in the

December issue of The American Philatelist

commenting on FDR’s lack of tongs when

handling a stamp, particularly that of Mr. Fred

Korr, I recalled an event that I was lucky to observe. I had

an occasion to be in New York on a day in April in the early

1980s. I had a morning to kill so I decided to visit the offices

of the Philatelic Foundation whose expertizing services

I had used several times. While I was scanning their

bookshelves, Mortimer Neinken (Chairman of the Foundation

at the time, I believe) strode in. He announced that he

was there to look at a stamp that had been submitted for

expertizing. It was not too many minutes later when Mr.

Herb Bloch (lot describer for the H. R. Harmer auction of

FDR’s stamp collection) arrived for the same reason. After

some casual banter, Mr. Neinken retrieved the patient and

began to huddle with Mr. Bloch. Call me “nosy” but I sidled

as close as I dared to where they began their investigation – I

wanted to know how two Doctors of Philately went about

diagnosing a patient.

As I watched, Mortimer picked up the stamp in his fingers

– no tongs – and placed it on the bottom of an overturned

black-glass ashtray that happened to be handy. He

then poured some watermark-detecting fluid over the stamp.

At that point the real analyzing began. Sad to say, thirty-plus

years later, I don’t remember the stamp or what the prognosis


I suppose Mr. Neinken washed his hands before coming

into the offices – I know he didn’t do so while I was there.

At first I was appalled, remembering the things I was taught

along the same lines as Mr. Korr’s Dad taught him. But I later

became more philosophical about it and accepted that Mortimer

and Herb had a lot more experience in these matters

than I and for them it was “no big deal.” But I have not abandoned

my lessons and, while on very rare occasions I will handle

a stamp with my fingers, my tongs are a part of my hands.

Michael A. Rainer

Huntington Beach, CA

The challenges of publishing a

stamp magazine

Today, November 16, 2020, my wife

came in with the mail and said “you

got another stamp magazine.” I could not

figure out which one it would be because none were due.

Much to my surprise, it turns out it was the October issue

of The American Philatelist. It was a little rumpled but other

than that it was ok.

A comment on the November issue. Two long main articles

on esoteric subjects did not catch my attention. The

magazine needs more variety and shorter articles to serve

a larger audience. The same thing seems to be happening

to the American Stamp Dealers Association magazine. The

last one had two long articles on CSA material. Not my cup

of tea.

Bob Marousky

Ocean Springs, MS

Do not throw away stamps

Recently a widow whose husband had

recently passed contacted me to tell me

to remove his name from my mailing list.

When I asked her about her husband’s specialty

stamp collection, she told me a dealer had come by,

purchased the other stamps and told her the specialty collection

was worthless and to throw those stamps away. This she

had done. Thirty years ago, he had shown me a small portion

of his specialty collection and I would have gladly paid her

$300 just for that portion.

Please do not tell someone a collection is worthless.

Please do not throw stamps away just because they are of

no interest to you. If you do not want them, donate them. A

good place which I recommend is “Stamps for the Wound-


ed” P.O. Box 297 Dunn Landing, VA 22027. This is part of

the Stamps for Wounded Veterans program whose mailings

most of us have received.

David W. Smith

Trumansburg, NY

Crypto confusion

The “New World Issues” column on

page 1138 (Dec 2020) noted the June 2020

“Crypto” issue from the Austrian Post Office.

The United Nations (Nov. 24, 2020)

also released a set of Crypto currency postage stamps. You

can read details at the UN website: https://crypto.unstamps.


Likely, most APS members are not familiar with crypto

currency issues, yet alone what “Blockchain” means or how it

works. When I copied the text “cryptocurrency” and “blockchain”

from the UN website’s description of the stamps, Microsoft’s

hotmail email service rejected that email, which I

sent 3 times to 3 different email addresses of friends with

whom I regularly correspond. Clearly there must be something

problematic about those words, although the Yahoo.

com email system does not block emails with these “darned,

problematic” words.

I have no computer expertise, but one of the purposes

of encryption programs, especially as it relates to allowing

secure transmission of information from banks, is to allow

the consumer to do ATM transactions. The use of 27 digit

random-number generators, which are not kept or tracked,

allows such secure transactions. Similarly, the “attraction” of

Bitcoin transactions is that they are secure and not traceable.

Can someone kindly explain WHY (or how) this crypto

postage is of any value to anybody, especially if there is no

way to track it – and thus confirm delivery of, for example,

money sent?

Fred Korr

Oakland, CA

A message of mutual support

Many years ago, forty or more, my wife and I began to

save stamps from the mail we received. During that same

time, we were raising our four teenage children. We had a

couple of starter stamp albums, but they were not generally



Page 1048. The heading for the “Taiwan Can Help” stamp

should be “Republic of China (Taiwan).”


Page 1091. The correct date in the Figure 4 caption is 1919.

Page 1104. The image described as the reverse of the Figure

17 cover is incorrect.

Page 1134. The 2020 Kwanzaa stamp is the 14th Kwanzaa

stamp to be issued and the eighth unique design.

used. But we kept the

stamps, and in fact my

wife found a couple of

world stamp albums

at a local place that

bought and sold articles

from estates. She

also found envelopes

with stamps from

countries around the


In March 2020, when we were told to stay home because

of the pandemic and COVID-19, I decided it was time to explore

stamp collecting again, this time in earnest. I purchased

Mystic’s 3 Volume American Heirloom Album, and began to

educate myself about the many aspects of stamp collecting.

I went online, discovered the American Philatelic Society,

and promptly joined when I discovered they have a wealth of

educational information for stamp collecting. I also quickly

learned how helpful Mystic’s Guide to Stamp Collecting, particularly

“Stamp Collecting Thoughts from Don Sundman”

which states:

“Stamps, like tiny mirrors, reflect what we as Americans

feel is important. The people, places, and events that have

shaped us and our society, as well as those of the world beyond

our borders, and highlighted on postage stamps.”

Here are some of my favorite United States stamps that I

discovered and which I believe reflect what was once important,

and still is important today:

1956 Children’s Stamp (Scott 1085) - Friendship - the

Key to World Peace.

1960 World Refugee Year (Scott 1149) - Family Walking

Towards New Life


We encourage readers to send their comments, questions

and feedback to The American Philatelist.

Submission of a letter implies consent to publish, unless

specifically prohibited by the sender. The decision of

whether to publish is made by the editorial staff of The

American Philatelist.

Generally, letters will be published unless determined

to be offensive, disrespectful, libelous, slanderous or not

chiefly related to the stamp hobby.

The opinions expressed in a Letter to the Editor are

those of the author and not The American Philatelist. We

do not publish or accept requests for the publication of

anonymous letters.

To allow more Letters to the Editor, you are respectfully

requested to limit submissions to 500 words or less.

If your submission is longer, the editorial team will ask you

to resubmit a shorter version, or provide you a copy of an

edited version to review prior to publication.

Submit your letters to letterstotheeditor@stamps.org

or mail a typewritten copy to: Letter to the Editor,

The American Philatelist,

100 Match Factory Place, Bellefonte, PA 16823.


1962 World

United Against

Malaria (Scott

1194) – This stamp

publicized the Malaria


drive of the World

Health Organization.

1993 AIDS

Awareness (Scott 2806) reflects compassion for those suffering

from complications caused by AIDS.

These four are an exceedingly small sample of the many

wonderful stamps that reflect positive important themes reflected

on stamps. In this fast paced world we live in, with

cell phones, e-mail and social media it seems that some of

the more important and simple messages from stamps get


The past months have been a learning experience for me.

Now I am starting to delve into the stamps from around the

world that we have collected over the years. Having begun

with United States stamps and having the benefit of Mystic’s

2020 U.S. Stamp Catalog, I thought collecting and placing

world stamps would be straight forward. I subsequently

learned that there is no similar free catalog for world stamps.

And I also discovered

that my world

stamp albums do

not, could not,

have pictures and

places for all the

stamps from each

country. I’m still


People from all around the world are going through

this terrible time dealing with COVID-19. Can we all share

a message of mutual support, respect, and love for all our

sisters and brothers regardless of race, creed or color? That

is what I believe is most important! For example, would it

be possible for a new stamp to be designed

for the World United Against

COVID-19 with a picture of a person

wearing a face mask? Or a stamp that

says, “Stay strong, we’ll get through

this together!”

Happy Collecting!

Deacon Alfred R. Manzella

Slingerlands, NY

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479 VF/XF, bold 479 479 VF/XF, F/VF bold OG NH, 479 F/VF OG 479 NH, F/VF 479 OG F/VF NH, OG NH,

480 F-VF OG NH, NH, 480 F/VF 480 OG F/VF NH, OG NH, 480 VF OG NH, 480 VF 480 OG VF/XF NH, OG NH, 480 VF/XF OG NH,

color, Nice! $85 color, bold Nice! color! $85 $349 bold color! Super $349 Nice! Super Nice! $359 $359

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479 VF/XF, bold

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NH, CERT $790 NH, CERT $790


NH, CERT $790

523 VF, lovely 523 VF, lovely 523 VF JUMBO 523 VF JUMBO face face

523 VF/XF OG OG Hr, Hr, 523 VF/XF 523 OG VF/XF LH, OG 523 LH, F/VF OG 523 NH, F/VF OG NH,

cancel, NICE! $245 free cancel free cancel $275 $275

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Super Color! $825

523 F/VF OG NH,

Super Color! $825

480 SUPERB OG 523 VF, lovely 523 VF JUMBO face 523 VF/XF OG Hr, 523 VF/XF OG LH, 523 F/VF OG NH, 523 F/VF OG NH,

NH, CERT $790 cancel, NICE! $245 free cancel $275 terrific color! $385 Nice! $675 fresh color! $715 Super Color! $825

523 F/VF OG NH, 523 524 F/VF OG XF-SUPERB,

NH, 524 XF-SUPERB, 524 F/VF 524 OG F/VF VLH, OG VLH, 524 524 VF VF OG LH, super super 524 F/VF 524 OG F/VF VLH, OG VLH, 524 F/VF OG 524 NH, F/VF 524 VF OG OG NH, nice 524 VF OG NH, nice

strong color $910523 strong F/VF large color OG margins! $910 NH, large $65 524 margins! XF-SUPERB, nice $65 color nice $125 color 524 $125 F/VF OG VLH, centering! 524 $145

VF OG fresh LH, fresh color super $150 color 524 $150 deep F/VF color! OG VLH, $299 deep color! 524 $305 F/VF $299OG NH, 524 $305 VF OG NH, nice

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523 F/VF OG NH, 524 XF-SUPERB, 524 F/VF OG VLH, 524 VF OG LH, super 524 F/VF OG VLH, 524 F/VF OG NH, 524 VF OG NH, nice

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NH, VF/XF NH, $910 nice

nice OG large 524 NH, 524

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H, 547 VF OG 547 deep 547 VLH, SUPERB

VF color! OG VLH, $299547 SUPERB 547 SUPERB $305

color! $315 color! color! Fresh! $315 $315 $410Fresh! Fresh! $410 GRD $410 85 GRD CERT 85 GRD $510 CERT 85 $510 CERT $510

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547 XF OG H, bold 547 547 XF 547a XF OG OG H, H, F/VF bold OG 547a VLH, 547a F/VF F/VF OG 547 VLH, OG Fine+ VLH, 547 OG Fine+ 547 NH, OG Fine+ NH, OG 572 NH,

F/VF OG 572 NH, NH, F/VF 572 OG XF 572 OG NH, XF NH, OG GRD 572 NH, 572 XF GRD XF-SUP OG NH, 572 OG GRD NH, XF-SUP 573 572 VF XF-SUP OG NH, gum OG 573 NH, VF 573 OG VF NH, OG gum NH, gum

color, fresh $135 524 color, VF color, OG fresh fresh NH, Nice! $135 nice $145524 Nice! Nice! VF/XF $145 SUPER $145 OG NH, NICE! SUPER SUPER 524 NICE! $165 VF/XF $165 NICE! OG $165

NH, nice! $130

547 nice! F/VF 90 $130 OG CERT 90 LH, CERT $225 90 $225 547 GRD95 CERT VF+ CERT $225 OG GRD95 $425 H, CERT GRD95 bend 547 $425 $185 VF CERT OG $425 VLH, bend bend $185 547 SUPERB $185

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573 F/VF+ OG NH, 573 nice! F/VF+ 573 $199 OG VF NH, OG NH, terrific 573 VF OG color! 573 NH, VF/XF $225 573 OG VF/XF GRD NH, OG 85 NH, CERT 573 573 $235

XF OG NH, 90 GRD GRD CERT 573a $295 573a F/VF+ OG F/VF+ NH, car OG 573 lake! NH, XF-SUP $299 573 OG NH, XF-SUP 573 XF-SUP GEM! OG NH, OG $325 NH 573 XF-SUP GRD95 OG CERT NH $499

nice! $199 nice! terrific $199 color! terrific $225color! GRD $22585 GRD CERT 85 $235 CERT $235 90 90 CERT $295

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nice! $130 STEVE 90 CERT $225 GRD95 MALACK

CERT $425 bend $185


Box 5628, Endicott, NY 13763

PUB_EN_A4_AmericanPhilatelist_185.67x254_2020_NEWText.indd 6 23-10-20 15:06:37


573 F/VF+ OG NH,

nice! $199

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GRD 85 CERT $235


90 CERT $295

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GRD95 CERT $499

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SG - Auctions - AMS US A4 - 25.11.20.indd 1 25/11/2020 15:24:55

Our Story

BY Scott English

Executive Director


A Remarkable Step for Civil War Philately


November, the Confederate Stamp Alliance’s

membership voted overwhelmingly to change

its name to the Civil War Philatelic Society.

With 365 total votes cast, 310 supported the move while 55

members opposed it. Beginning in 2021, the quarterly journal

for the Society will become the Civil War Philatelist.

When the CWPS Board proposed the name change, they

recognized the reality of where we are today. Among the

reasons were national efforts to remove Confederate statues,

collections losing value, a loss of advertisers for the journal,

and even difficulty booking hotels. It rightly noted the word

Confederate “equates to pro-slavery and

racism to most citizens.”

For full disclosure, I’ve been a member

of the Society since 2017, and I voted

in favor of the name change. Though

I’m hardly a high-level philatelist in any

subject, I am a historian. In college, I focused

on the landscape of the Civil War

and Reconstruction through every lens

possible. It is an important subject to understand,

given the nation continues to

struggle with the War and its aftermath.

We cannot deny the Confederacy’s

cause has been hijacked by those who

want hate to keep the nation as divided

as it was then. We should not deny what

the Confederacy represents to many fellow


When I joined the South Carolina Governor’s staff in

2003, the State had just voted to remove the Confederate flag

from flying over the Capitol Dome. The flag was relocated to

the State House grounds by the Confederate Veterans Memorial.

Throughout my time in the Governor’s Office, different

groups lobbied to remove the flag altogether, while others

wanted to restore it to the Dome. Though I had hoped we

could restart the discussion of full removal, but other crises

got in the way. I learned to regret that we didn’t at least try.

On June 17, 2015, a young white man walked into a bible

study at the Mother Emanuel AME Church in Charleston,

SC. He sat through the study before murdering nine people,

including the minister and state senator Clementa Pinckney,

whom I’d come to know as a friend. We would learn


Scott 77 15¢ Abraham Lincoln

this young man, fueled by anger and brandishing the Confederate

flag as a symbol of pride, believed he would start a

race war, 150 years after the end of the Civil War. The South

Carolina legislature voted to remove the flag from the State

House grounds later that year.

It was then the first effort to change the name of the Society

began and failed. APS Vice President Trish Kaufmann,

who has served the Society in various capacities, including

President and editor of the journal, was one of the outspoken

leaders to the change. Over time, she’s remained an advocate,

and in November, her efforts and those of countless

others accomplished that goal.

For me, I didn’t support the change

because of hotel reservations, advertising,

or even my dear friend, Clem, but

rather because I thought it was the right

thing to do. History needs perspective

and focusing on one aspect of the Civil

War, rather than the whole story, fails to

teach. Stamp collectors are some of the

most important historians because we

preserve the direct connections between

people and tell their stories. By transitioning

to the CWPS, the Society opens

the door to collectors of Union philatelic

material and postal history from

the same era. We know the War divided

families, but in some ways, the country

remained intertwined.

We also know that philately should be apolitical. Though

politics invade too many corners of our world today, philately

is a welcome escape for most of us. In time, politics

would have found its way to the CWPS, gradually eroding

its membership and relevance. We do not need to celebrate

the Confederacy’s cause, but we need to understand it and

hand those lessons to the next generation and on. As George

Santayana said, “Those who cannot remember the past are

condemned to repeat it.”

On the occasion of his second inaugural address to the

nation, our 16th President, Abraham Lincoln, offered these


“With malice toward none, with charity for all,

with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the

ight, let us strive on to finish the work we are

in, to bind up the nation’s wounds, to care for

him who shall have borne the battle and for

his widow and his orphan, to do all which

may achieve and cherish a just and lasting

peace among ourselves and with all nations.”

Lincoln delivered those words on March 4, 1865.

The timing of his comments is remarkable. In February,

he had signed the Joint Resolution to send

to the states the 13th amendment for ratification,

which outlawed slavery in the U.S. Constitution. In

April, he was assassinated, and in May, the War ended.

When he said those words, the question was no

longer whether the Union would prevail, but when.

Given that, he wanted to frame what peace had to

look like for a nation in need of healing. After all this

time, the work is still not done, but if philately can

lead by example, it should.

Thank you to the CWPS Board, Trish Kaufmann,

and countless others, and the members of the Society

for taking this critical step in the hobby. I look

forward to seeing the organization chart this new



A Philatelic Quest

for Everywhere


Like many stamp collectors, I started out with worldwide

packets as a young boy. Unlike most stamp collectors,

50+ years later I still avidly collect worldwide: all years,

all countries, all issues. While this may in fact be a bit crazed,

there is a challenge that I know you will find much harder than

you’d first think: Collect one issue from every stamp issuing entity

that has put forth stamps to move the mails.

I first climbed this mountain many years ago, both as an

exercise in philatelic exploration but also as a way to give

myself something to look for at stamp shows. I have several

specialist country and topical collections but after some time

and money have been invested, it becomes difficult to find new

material without converting to postal history. So I took on the

“everywhere hunt” as a new way to engage with our hobby.


Where is everywhere? Defining the scope of your

quest is the first problem. What do you want to include

or exclude? For my personal definition, I decided on the

following: existing countries, dead countries, military occupations,

government agencies, and international organizations.

I chose to exclude philatelic fantasies, cinderellas,

micronations or political entities that tried to create credibility

though issuing postage stamps such as Mantanzas or

the Republic of South Moluccas. One of the great aspects of

stamp collecting is each stamp collector is free to make their

own decisions about what to include in their collection and

that certainly applies here.

Now that you have your categories, you must determine

which entities actually qualify to be included in each. There

are many sources to follow and even a few albums have been

published that seek to answer this question. You can create

“the list” by consulting any of the following:

• Entities included in your favorite catalog (Scott,

Michel, Unificado, Yvert, Gibbons, etc.)

• Included on your favorite online resource (Stampworld,

APS StampStore, Stamp Atlas, eBay, Wikipedia,


• UPU membership

• Published specialized albums (see below)

You will find yourself in a personal debate as you define

your own criteria for which entities should make your list

or not. As an example, I chose to exclude some recent “puppet”

states like Abkhazia, South Ossetia, and Transnistria,

but I suspect some of the people in what most consider to

be Georgia or Moldova would not agree with me.

I am aware of two specialized “one-from-everywhere”

albums that have been published. The Single Specimen

World Gazetteer Stamp Album published by Cliff Brown

(Terra Nova Publishing) in the early 1990s is now long out

of print and would fail to include some recent global changes

like South Sudan, Kosovo or Timor-Leste. More recently

in 2013, the Smithsonian’s National Postal Museum website

published an electronic album titled A Stamp for Every

Country Album (Figure 1).

The Smithsonian album was inspired by the William H.

Gross Stamp Gallery exhibit of “A Stamp for Every Country.”

While no longer directly available from the Smithsonian’s

website, you can download a copy from the APS web

site: https://aps.buzz/EveryCountryPDF.

Both albums had spaces for about 800 stamps. While

the Gazetteer is alphabetical for “active” and “dead” countries,

the NPM album is sorted by geographic region and

does a better job of showing the lineage of a region. Here is

a sample page from each (Figures 2 and 3).

I am also aware of one enterprising philatelist who created

his own album. Mark Jochim’s work from 2015 is a

thing of beauty, with each stamp-issuing entity getting two

full pages of background information, a map of the country

and even an illustration of their flag along with room for the

example stamp (Figure 4). The point is that this is a creative

Figure 1. A Stamp For Every Country album, published by the

Smithsonian’s National Postal Museum.

Figure 2. From

the “M” section of

the alphabetized

Gazetteer album.

Note the maps

and brief historical


Figure 3. Page 94 of the Smithsonian album - Malaysia. The album is

sorted alphabetically within regions, includes precedent countries

and other subcategories with dates, and is cross-referenced where



Figure 4. Jochim’s two-page spread includes impressive detail to

give the collector the proper context of each stamp-issuing entity.

exercise as well as a quest to find the stamps themselves.

It took me 10 years to fill in my copy of the Gazetteer,

and I’m just beginning to fill in the NPM version. I am sure

that will take just as long. The experience was far more

difficult than I anticipated but more rewarding as well. I

learned a few facts about each country on my list as I added

to the collection and increased my knowledge of history and

geography. To complete my collection I used a combination

of stamp shows, the APS StampStore, and online auction

sites. I was willing to utilize mint or used stamps and tried

to limit my expenditure to under $10, with most costing less

than $1. None of this represents a serious financial outlay

– just a massive investment in fun philatelic time to decide

what to pursue, the actual pursuit, and of course the display.

I take my completed album when I teach the Boy Scout

Stamp Collecting Merit Badge program and every time the

Scouts are amazed by the history of our world and how it

has evolved – and how that story can be told via stamps.

The Internet will make the quest easier this time around

– or perhaps not, if the list of included entities also expands.

The greatest part of our hobby is that we can each seek out

what we enjoy. I hope you will consider joining me on this


Images in the header include: Canada Scott E3, Brazil

Scott C67 Rotary, Russia Scott C38, and Democratic Republic

of the Congo Scott 429.


he Author

John Seidl is the president of the International

Society of Worldwide Stamp Collectors (www.iswsc.org).

The International Society of Worldwide Stamp Collectors

serves the interests of all worldwide collectors. It

strives to promote the fun and fascination of worldwide

stamp collecting to young and old alike, and has an active

outreach program serving youth, their leaders and

stamp collectors of all ages and experience levels. John

is also the president of the British Caribbean Philatelic

Study Group. He is a member of dozens of other philatelic

societies including the APS, the New York Collector’s

Club and the Royal Philatelic Society. He can be reached at





• Mail

• Online at stamps.org

(Log-in, then click My APS)

• Phone (814) 933-3803

Thanks for being a member!


A Tale of Errors, Freaks and

Oddities… and Politics



The Principality of Liechtenstein is one of six European

microstates known for its beautiful stamps. Indeed, a select

few stamps issued each year still employ line engraving.

Approximately the size of Staten Island, a borough of New

York City, Liechtenstein’s neighbor to the west and south is

Switzerland, and to the east and north is Austria. Its western

border with Switzerland is the Rhine River, and its eastern

border with Austria is the Austrian Alps. Liechtenstein is a

panoramic valley paradise nestled on the northern border of

the Swiss/Austrian Alpine mountain range.

The subject of this article was initially Michel catalog

numbers MI 11-16 (Scott 11-16), a set that has what I

believe is a most unique oddity in philately. However, as

I researched MI 11-16, I became fascinated by the events

surrounding the issuance of this set and concluded the

evolution of Liechtenstein’s postal system and the resulting

impact upon the Liechtenstein philatelic community pivoted

upon post WWI events of late 1917 through early 1924.

For collectors new to Liechtenstein philately, the story surrounding

this issue provides an overview of the transition

from Austrian to Swiss administration of Liechtenstein’s

postal system and the resultant breadth of stamps available.

Likewise, collectors of errors, freaks and oddities (EFOs)

will seldom see a more diverse range of errors produced by

a printer and released to the public.

Calm before the Storm

Prior to the end of World War I

Postal Administration. On September 1, 1817, the first

post (messenger) office was opened by Austria in the village

of Balzers, Liechtenstein, and was subsequently closed

on August 31, 1819, due to a lack of profitability. Almost a

decade later, on January 1, 1827, the Balzers office reopened

followed by a second in Vaduz, Liechtenstein’s capital, on

March 1, 1845. During this period, Liechtenstein’s fledgling

postal system was unofficially administered by the Austrian

government due to its legacy ties to Austria.

In 1852, Liechtenstein executed a customs treaty with

Austria. Among other things, the 1852 treaty officially

integrated Liechtenstein’s postal system under Austrian

administration. The Principality’s postal system began to

flourish, and additional post offices were opened, as listed

in Liechtenstein Briefmarken Katalog (LBK): Nendeln on

October 1, 1864, closed February 29, 1912, and reopened

February 1, 1960; Schaan on October 15, 1872; Triesen on

July 1, 1890; and Eschen on March 1, 1912.

Postage Stamps. In 1850, Austria issued its first postage

stamps (MI 1-9) which were distributed for sale in Liechtenstein

post offices (Figure 1).


Figure 1. Austria MI 4

(Scott 4), distributed for

use in Liechtenstein.

Figure 2. Liechtenstein MI 1-3 (Scott 1-3).

In philatelic parlance, the Austrian stamps used in

Liechtenstein post offices during this period 1850 to 1912,

MI 1-177, are referred to as “Vorlaufers” or “Forerunners”

to Liechtenstein’s own stamps to follow.

In October 1911, the customs treaty was amended, and

an important milestone was achieved for the Principality.

It was now allowed to have its own stamps (Note 1). On

February 1, 1912, the first set of stamps specifically for sale

in Liechtenstein was issued, MI 1-3 (Figure 2).

This set depicted the image of Prince Johann II with

the annotation “K.K. OESTERR POST im Fürstentum

Liechtenstein” indicating the set was printed by the Austrian

State Printing Office, Österreichische Staatdruckerei,

in Vienna under the auspices of the Austrian Department of

Commerce. As part of the 1911 agreement, the Principality

recognized the resulting net income (or loss) from the sale

of its stamps. For the duration of this agreement, Austrian

stamps, MI 178-315, were used concurrently with Liechtenstein

stamps MI 1-60. These Austrian stamps are referred to

as “Mitlaufers” or “Followers.” I prefer to call them “Transition”

stamps as it is more descriptive of the period.

Currency. As per the 1852 treaty, Liechtenstein formally

adopted Austria’s currency (Gulden = 60 Kreuzer) which

underwent two subsequent changes during the period prior

to WWI: decimalization circa 1857 (Gulden = 100 Kreuzer)

and then adoption of a new Krone (Crown) currency

(Krone = 100 Heller) on January 1, 1900.

Everything went well until the assassinations of the

Archduke of Austria and his wife on June 28, 1914. The

“thunderheads” began to build on the horizon… World

War I.

The Perfect Storm

Post WWI, 1917 through 1922

The “storm” was World War I. The war’s aftermath certainly

took its toll on the citizens of Liechtenstein. Liechtensteiners

experienced political and economic isolation due to

its association with the Austro-Hungarian Empire (formed

in 1867), and the resultant devaluation of Austrian currency.

However, from a philatelic perspective, the majority

of the “storm” about to unfold was self-inflicted.

Postal Administration continued under the 1852 treaty...

for a while. As WWI came to a close and the Austro-Hungarian

coalition began to unravel, Liechtenstein looked to

the west, across the Rhine River to Switzerland for assistance.

On April 22, 1919, Liechtenstein commenced treaty

discussions with Switzerland to replace the 1852 treaty with

Austria. The Principality was anxious to terminate the customs

treaty with Austria as customs revenue had fallen dramatically.

Furthermore, the Austrian government no longer

wanted the responsibility of administering Liechtenstein’s

postal system (Note 2). On August 2, 1919, Liechtenstein

moved to terminate the 1852 treaty with Austria, to which

Austria agreed on August 30. On May 1, 1920, the existing

(October 1911) postal agreement was terminated, and

Liechtenstein was now free to issue its own stamps.

Currency and Postal Rates. Since the Austrian currency

had been severely devalued, Liechtensteiners unofficially

began using Swiss currency (Franc = 100 Centime or

Rappen) for daily transactions circa 1917. The Liechtenstein

government unofficially followed suit in 1920 for its

national accounts, for example, taxes (Note 3). The postal

rates established September 1, 1918, were 20 and 25 Heller

for domestic and international mail, respectively.


Liechtenstein remained neutral during WWI, albeit

tenuously. The Allies were suspicious, believing Liechtenstein

was aiding and abetting the Austro-Hungarian cause,

and restricted commerce crossing the Swiss border into

Figure 3. At right: Jam jar label.

Bottom left: Gemeinde-Boten-

Post Vaduz-Sevelen MI 1, and

right: MI 1a with error – “Pest” not

Post. Certified: Marxer 95B082.

The stamp was expertized and

authenticated by Peter Marxer,

the late expert on Liechtenstein



Liechtenstein (Note 2). The Austro-Hungarian coalition

was cautious too. Internationally bound mail originating

in Liechtenstein was subject to censorship, which, in turn,

greatly delayed delivery to its intended destination as well as

the subsequent responses.

In mid-1918, a group of Liechtenstein businessmen and

Vaduz authorities convened to address the issue. A mechanism

to identify internationally bound mail and a process to

circumvent censorship were established.

First, the mechanism to identify international mail

was to overprint an existing label sold in village stores and

used by housewives to label their “jam jars,” among other

things. The label assumed its clandestine role when it was

overprinted by J. Kuhns Erben in Buchs, Switzerland, with

“Schweizer Post/Vaduz” (Swiss Post, Vaduz). The resulting

“stamp” is today known as a “Gemeinde-Botenpost” or

community messenger (Figure 3).

Next, the process:

1. The sender affixed the necessary Swiss postage to

any letter bound for an international destination.

2. The sender purchased the “Botenpost stamp,” for 10

Heller and affixed it to the letter, and deposited the

letter in a mailbox installed in Vaduz specifically for

this purpose.

3. A member of the Vaduz village government collected

the mail once or twice a week and passed the

mail along to a “community messenger” who had

the proper identification to pass Swiss authorities

without risk.

4. The mail was transported across the Rhine River by

the messenger and deposited at the Sevelen post office.

This solution, which was used for only a few months, was

not endorsed by either the Swiss or Liechtenstein governments.

Indeed, the Principality had to “look the other way”

as it was a violation of the 1852 customs treaty with Austria.

Even this little “stamp” was not without controversy.

First, was the “stamp” truly necessary at the time to facilitate

uninterrupted mail service and thus a postal necessity,

or unnecessary and thus just a philatelic curiosity? In favor

of the former, all six perforation variations and the error

shown above are included in the Liechtenstein Briefmarken

Katalog (LBK). Additionally, letters with the Gemeinde-

Botenpost stamp affixed and postmarked in late 1918 are very

rare, and the “stamp” has sufficient collector cachet to attract

counterfeiters due to its simple design: caveat emptor.

Secondly, was the assigned cost of 10 Heller a fee for

the messenger service, or a revenue tax for the village of

Vaduz? Why the use of this stamp was limited to Vaduz is

not addressed in the literature. There were five other post

offices open at that time, and the mail did not seem to be

impeded crossing the Swiss border, just the Austrian border

to Feldkirch. Were the village elders being opportunistic?

Rise of the Consortium

Postage Stamps. In October 1919, a group of Liechtenstein

and Austrian men, collectively called the “Consortium,”

petitioned the Liechtenstein government to assume responsibility

for the design, production and domestic distribution

of Liechtenstein stamps as well as worldwide sales. The

political objective was the provision of stamps “for Liechtenstein

by Liechtenstein.” The more important, practical

objective was to generate badly needed revenue for the Principality…

and, of course, for the Consortium. After more

than three months of negotiations, the terms and conditions

of the contract were established, including: the duration of

the contract; revenue guaranteed to the Principality; the

percentage of the revenue due the Consortium; and the

amount of funds to be held in escrow in the event of a shortfall

in expected revenue for the Principality. In addition, the

contract specified certain quality control requirements. The

contract between the Principality and the Consortium was

finally executed January 31, 1920.

Murphy’s Law (“anything that can go wrong will go

wrong”) prevailed. It took longer than expected to design,

develop, print, and distribute the first set of stamps, MI

11-16, to be issued by the Consortium. As a result, Liechtenstein

had to strike an informal agreement with Austria

extending the use of Austrian stamps, Mitlaufers, to fulfill

the need for postage stamps in its post offices (Note 4).

Postal Rates. To compensate for inflation during this

period, the postal rates were raised to 40 Heller for domestic

mail and 100 Heller for international mail, effective January

15, 1920, and a second time to 80 and 200 Heller for domestic

and international mail, respectively, on April 15, 1920.

Finally, on March 3, 1920, the Consortium issued MI

Table 1. First Set Issued for the Principality, March 3, 1920

MI No.


Scott No







MI No.


Scott No.


5 5 5 Arabesque 5 11 11

6 6 10 Arabesque 10 12 12

9 9 25 Arabesque 25 13 13

4 4 3 “40” 40 14 14

7 7 15 “1 KRONE” 1 K 15 15

8 8 20 “2½ KRONEN” 2½ K 16 16


11-16. The selected approach was to overprint an earlier

set of six stamps depicting Prince Johann II, issued in 1917,

MI 4-9.

Overprinting was probably selected to minimize the

“time to market” as well as the design and development

(pre-production) costs. The Consortium may have also

selected overprinting in order to re-tool the stamps more

quickly and cheaply if further increases in postal rates

demanded changes in stamp values. Or perhaps they simply

wished to increase their profit.

Paulussen & Co. in Vienna was contracted for the development

of the letterpress plates and production of this set

of six stamps. The 5, 10 and 25 Heller values of MI 4-9 were

preserved, and the new issue was simply denoted by an arabesque

overprint. The remaining three values from 1917,

the 3, 15 and 20 Heller, were repurposed by overprinting

them with the values of 40 Heller, 1 Krone and 2½ Kronen,

respectively. To avoid possible confusion, the overprints of

the top three values were designed to obscure the original

values of the 1917 set. The “mapping” from the original set

(MI 4-9) to the new overprinted set (MI 11-16) is summarized

in the following chart and shown in the subsequent

figures (Table 1 and Figure 4).

MI 11-16 Errors

Several errors were produced, much to the dismay of

many in the Liechtenstein government and the general

public. Some error types were noted as early as Sieger’s

1943 catalog, Liechtenstein Handbook and Catalog, but did

not receive recognition in other catalogs until much later.

The errors include:

• inverted overprints (Figure 5);

• double overprints (Figure 6);

• interchanged overprints (Figure 7);

• inverted overprint at the bottom (Figure 8);

• overprinted twice with top one inverted (Figure 9);

• “strongly” offset overprints (Figure 10); (The description,

“strongly,” is subjective and not clarified in LBK.

For my collecting purposes, I consider the overprint

strongly or severely offset when it impinges upon the

vertical perforations, i.e. horizontal offset. A severe

vertical offset would reveal the original values of MI

Inverted Overprints

Figure 4. From left: Liechtenstein MI 11, MI 12, MI 13, MI 14, MI

15, and MI 16, denoted by overprint on MI 4-9.

Double Overprints

Figure 5. Inverted overprint errors can be found on MI 11-16. From

left: MI 11 KI, MI 12 KI, MI 13 KI, MI 14 KI, MI 15 KI, and MI 16 KI.


Overprints at Bottom

Figure 7. Interchanged

overprints at bottom.

Note that the left and

right stamps should

have the opposite

overprints. Left: MI 12 I.

Right: MI 15 I.

Figure 6. Double overprint error. From left: MI 11 DD, MI 12 DD,

and MI 13 DD.



Overprint at Bottom

Figure 8. Inverted

overprint at

bottom, MI K II.

Double Overprints

with Top Inverted

Strongly Offset Overprints

Figure 10. A “strongly” offset overprint error on MI 11-16. From left: MI

11 II, MI 12 II, MI 13 II, MI 14 II, MI 15 II, and MI 16 II.

Damaged Overprints

Figure 9.


overprint error.

MI 11 DK.

Figure 11. The overprints have noticeable breaks in the letterpress

plates. From left: MI 14 III and two MI 16 III.

4, 7 and 8, or impinge upon the bottom horizontal


• Broken/damaged (letterpress plates) overprints (Figure


• Drying error - occurs when sheets of stamps are stacked

before ink has dried. The result is a mirror image of the

overprint from the sheet below appearing on the gum

(side) of the sheet above it, resulting in a setoff (Figure 12).

• Printer’s waste (Figure 13).

Oddities - Chads

This is probably one of the most unique oddities in the

philatelic realm. The definition of a chad is a small paper

disk or rectangle, formed when a hole is punched in paper

tape or punch card, respectively. Therefore, the by-product

of the perforation process is a chad. I worked with both

punch cards and paper tape early in my career as a computer

engineer and I can attest to the mess they can make.

The following images (Figure 14) show examples of the

random patterns of chads that can be found on each of the

six stamps in the 1920 set. The air at Paulussen & Co. must

have been thick with chads as many stamps can be found

with multiple chad “patterns.” Or, maybe, was it deliberate?

Curiously, by examining photographs on eBay and auction

websites, I have noticed some patterns re-occur, i.e., the

chad remained in place (glue from the stamp adhesive?) for

more than one printing.

The chads were noted in Sieger’s 1943 catalog: “due to

perforations falling on the printing plate, black dots have

formed at all possible places during printing…” I do not

know if Sieger visited Paulussen to witness the chad issue

during production, but his notes certainly make sense.

The diameter of the chad print closely matches that of the

perforation, ~0.98 mm measured with a Dino-Lite model

AM4515ZT USB microscope.

A note to collectors: Given the number of stamps with

chad imprints and their randomness which defies cataloging,

stamps with chad imprints have no incremental

market value. However, they are relevant to this discussion

as they represent a symptom of the Consortium’s performance

vis-à-vis quality control…

Quality Control

At this time, it may be appropriate to take a moment

to review the impact of quality control, or the lack thereof,

on this unfolding drama. Prior to the existence of the

Consortium, Österreichische Staatsdruckerei had been

printing stamps for Austria since 1850. By contrast, the

only reference I have found pertaining to Paulussen &

Co., other than LBK, is in the online list of (Austrian)

printers with the notation that Paulussen was in existence

for only one year, 1920 (Note 5).

So why the selection of Paulussen & Co. over

Österreichische Staatsdruckerei? A few points for consideration

(Note 6):


1. The Consortium was endorsed by stamp collectors/dealers who

influenced the Principality to pursue a contract with the Consortium.

2. The Consortium had a “great deal of latitude” concerning the

design, production, and distribution of stamps during the term of

their contract with the Principality.

3. The contract with the Consortium included terms and conditions

pertaining to Quality Control.

4. The Consortium argued the Austrian State Printing house (PTT)

did not offer “precise control.”

The result was the Consortium “produced in violation of the contract

numerous misprints and varieties in large quantities.”

Therefore, I conclude that Paulussen was selected because the Consortium

could manipulate the release of stamp errors and varieties while

Österreichische Staatdruckerei would not be willing to compromise its reputation.

Who knows, maybe Paulussen was not actually selected but established

specifically to print the Consortium’s stamps, and the owners of Paulussen

were either members of the Consortium, or were related to members.

Postage Stamps. Besides MI 11-16, Austrian “Mitlaufers” continued to

be used until January 31, 1921, at which time Swiss “Mitlaufers” (some of

MI 95-213, see LBK) became available in some Liechtenstein post offices

to augment the supply of stamps available for postage.

Concerning Liechtenstein stamps, how does one describe what followed

MI 11-16? Continuing the stormy weather metaphor, I think it

would be the squall that hit when the following sets were released in

rapid succession:

Drying Errors

Figure 12. Reverse of MI 11, MI 13 – a drying

problem resulting in setoffs appearing on the


Printer's Waste

Figure 13. Printer’s

waste on MI 11.

MI 11-16 Error

Identification Quiz.

Examine this letter dated

April 21, 1920. How many

of the stamps have errors,

and how many unique errors

are there? Answer key is on

page 33.

On the reverse of the

envelope, there are five more

stamps, for a total franking

of 200 Heller. On the front,

you can see the sender’s

post office was Schaan, and

the recipient’s was Mauren,

a distance of approximately

five miles as the crow flies.

The postal rate for domestic

mail at the time was 80

Heller, so the additional 120

Heller (revenue for the Principality)

was for the registered

mail delivery service.


Figure 14. The chads on the Paulussen & Co.-printed stamps are

a by-product of the perforation process, but indicative of the

company’s quality control of MI 11-16. From left: MI 11-16, and

below, overprint errors with the chad oddity, MI 13 KI, MI 11

DD, and MI 12 DD.

All but MI 43-44 were printed by Paulussen & Co. MI

43-44 were printed, at the direction of the Consortium, by

Fa. Capri, a printing house for which I have not found any

references other than LBK.

MI 17-60 are a bonanza for EFO collectors as there are

numerous examples that can be found, including, but not

limited to, depending upon the set:

• “Primary” plate errors - my term for those listed in LBK;

• “Secondary” plate errors – my term for those identified

in Hughes’ Liechtenstein the 1920 Issue (or in Ring der

Liechtenstein Sammler (RLS) – published by the Liechtenstein

Collectors Club) but not in LBK;

• Color proofs;

• Black & white proofs;

• Perforation variations, i.e. perf count;

• Perforation varieties - I have examples of MI 21 & 24

rouletted 7½;

• Perforation errors including:

• Missing horizontal or vertical;

• Double horizontal or vertical;

• Mis-registered perforations;

• “Crazy” perforations due to paper folds;

• Overprint errors (MI 43-4);

• Other production errors, e.g. paper creases and folds;

• Paper varieties;

• And gum varieties.

LBK covers MI 17- 60 in nine pages, including the “primary”

plate errors. In the quarterly publication by the Ring

der Liechtenstein Sammler, it was reported that coverage

of these sets and all the errors, varieties, etc., required 103

pages. In my collection, I have allocated 169 pages - two

Lighthouse binders - which allows ample spacing for presentation.

To date, I have found approximately 50% of the

“secondary” plate errors.

Postal Administration. As mentioned earlier, in April of

1919, Liechtenstein and Switzerland began discussions to

replace the Treaty with Austria. The Swiss Treaty commenced

February 1, 1921, amidst this deluge of Consortium

stamps that were released.

Demise of the Consortium

On February 16, 1921, the Liechtenstein government

commenced an investigation of the Consortium and a

response was requested within three days. The underlying

issues of the complaint against the Consortium included:

• Failing to meet its contractual revenue goals.

• The deliberate distribution of stamps to collectors and

possibly speculators (in Salzburg).

• Resulting in an inadequate supply of stamps at the Post

Offices which, in turn, required the use of Austrian and

Swiss “Mitlaufers” which diminished the revenue recognized

by the Principality.

• Inadequate supply of high value stamps to satisfy the

increasing postal rates.

• The number of errors, freaks and oddities (EFOs)

released, that is, poor quality control.

• The release of varieties including proofs, etc.

• The continued production and distribution of stamps,

MI 43-60, after the Swiss Treaty was in effect February

1, 1921, to the dismay of the Principality.

• And, the “bottom line,” damage to the reputation of

Liechtenstein stamps.

To add further fuel to the fire, on February 26, 1921, 800

citizens demonstrated in the capital. The two political parties

of that time were involved: the in-power Citizens’ party and

the opposing People’s party. The People’s party was represented

by approximately 200 citizens protesting the Consortium’s

performance. The Citizens’ party was concerned about

the possibility of more nefarious objectives of the demonstrators

for the People’s party, and rallied 600 citizens in their

support (see Note 1). Regardless, this is probably the first

and only time philatelic activities sparked civil unrest. After

a lengthy investigation, the Consortium’s contract was finally


terminated on April 25, 1922, and the remaining Consortium

stamps were supposedly destroyed (Note 8).

Calm Seas and Fair Winds

After 1922

Postal Administration. The Treaty with Switzerland went

into effect on February 1, 1921. Switzerland assumed

the responsibilities of its predecessor, Austria, including

administration of Liechtenstein’s postal system, which

continued to grow, adding six additional post offices: Triesenberg

on February 1, 1921; Mauren on July 1, 1925; Ruggell

on January 1, 1926; Schellenberg on August 10, 1946;

Gamprin-Bendern on February 1, 1960; and Schaanwald on

April 30, 1970 (LBK).

Currency. On May 26, 1924, Liechtenstein officially adopted

Swiss currency.

Epilogue. The political climate remained tense during the

period between World War I and II. Since World War II,

the microstate of Liechtenstein has enjoyed a period of

stability, growth and tranquility. From my perspective,

Liechtenstein has avoided much of the turmoil in Europe

due possibly to its relatively isolated location, but more

likely due to the excellent stewardship of its Princes: Prince

Johann II until February 11, 1929; Prince Franz I until July

25, 1938; Prince Joseph II until November 13, 1989; and

currently, Prince Hans Adam.


1. Liechtenstein’s postal contracts prior to WWI are described in Marxer’s

“Postal Contract” and Agreement Concerning the Management… (1911).

2. As narrated by David Beattie in Liechtenstein, A Modern History.

3. As described to the author by Liechtenstein National Museum Head of Collections

and Research Donat Buchel in July 2020.

4. As explained in the RLS catalog, Adams’ 50 Years Liechtenstein Post, and

Marxer’s “Postal Contract.”

5. A reference to Paulussen & Co. can be found in Morgan’s “Stamp Printers

By Country: Austria” article online.

6. Details of the printing agreement with Liechtenstein can be found in Adams’

50 Years Liechtenstein Postal Material (1962), Hassler’s “Philately,” and

Gabriel von Werner’s Principality of Liechtenstein History of the Postal

System… (1937). Quotes are from Adams.

7. More information is available on the supposed destruction of MI 11-16 in

Liechtenstein Handbuch (RLS).


Thanks to Cynthia Shotliff Tanta-Nanta, Professor

Heinz Rennenberg (Chairman, RLS) and Donat Buchel

(Curator, Liechtenstein National Museum).


Adams, Bertrand (ed.). 50 Years of Liechtenstein Postal Material, 1912-1962

(Vaduz: Liechtenstein Government; 1962): 102 – 105.

Agreement Concerning the Management of the Postal, Telegraph and Telephone

Service in the Principality of Liechtenstein, Article IV (October 4, 1911): 2.

Beattie, David. Liechtenstein, A Modern History. (van Eck Publishers; 2004):

26, 50-7, 381-2.

Benedikt Zäch. “Money,” Historisches Lexicon des Fürstentums Liechtenstein

online. (Published December 31, 2011). https://historisches-lexikon.li/Geld

Dittrich, Dr. Gerhard. Lexikon zur Liechtenstein-Philatelie (Reutlingen: Ring

der Liechtensteinsammler; [1970]).

Hassler, Hermann. “Philately,” Historisches Lexicon des Fürstentums Liechtenstein

online (Published December 31, 2011). https://historisches-lexikon.li/


Hughes, H.S. Liechtenstein: the 1920 Issue (Birmingham: Hughes, H.S.; 1962).

LBK MICHEL Liechtenstein-Spezial 2018/2019 (Michel / Schwaneberger

Verlag GmbH).

Liechtenstein Handbuch (Ring der Liechtensteinsammler e. V. (RLS); February

1995): 8-10.

Marxer, Roland. “Postal Contract,” Historisches Lexicon des Fürstentums Liechtenstein

online. https://historisches-lexikon.li/Postvertrag

Morgan, Glenn H. “Stamp Printers By Country: Austria,” Stamp Printers Info

(Updated 2016). https://www.stampprinters.info/SPI_country_austria.


Otto, Rudolf. Gemeinde-Botenpost Vaduz-Sevelen 1918 (RLS Booklet: Ring der

Liechtensteinsammler; 1966).

Quaderer, Rupert and Lenherr, Stefan (interviewer). “For Liechtenstein, its

very existence was at stake,” Liechtenstein. https://www.liechtenstein.li/en/


Quaderer, Rupert. “Museum Stamp Affair,” Historisches Lexicon des Fürstentums

Liechtenstein online (Published December 31, 2011). https://historisches-lexikon.li/Briefmarkenaff%C3%A4re

Ray, Michael. “Timeline of World War I,” Britannica. https://www.britannica.


Sieger, Hermann E. Liechtenstein Handbook and Catalog 1943 (Lorch/Wurttemberg:

Sieger-Verlag; 1953): 52-3.

Sluszkiewicz, Anna and Tom. “World Paper Money Catalog and Austrian

Currency History,” ATS Notes. http://www.atsnotes.com/catalog/banknotes/


“The postal stamps and postal history of Liechtenstein,” Postal Museum.


Voss, Werner. Principality of Liechtenstein: History of the Postal System with

Especial Consideration to the Stamps (Book Printer of Fr. Kaiser): 28-37

Table II. The "Squall that Hit" - Liechtenstein's rapid stamp issues.

MI No. Scott No Issue Date Design

17-24 18-25 May 5, 1920 National Coat of Arms & Castle (Imperforate)

25-39 32-46 June 1920 National Coat of Arms, Castles and Prince

1 – 12 J1-J12 June 1920 Postage Due

40 – 42 47-49 Oct. 5, 1920 Madonna, Birthday of Prince Johann II

43 51 Feb. 1, 1921 National Coat of Arms

44 52 Feb. 27, 1921 National Coat of Arms

45 – 52 54-61 Feb. - April, 1921 National Coat of Arms & Cherubs

53 – 60 62-69 Feb. – Nov. 1921 Castles & Princes


The Author

In summer of 1965, John Shotliff was hosted by

Dr. and Mrs. Wagner of Stuttgart, Germany. Their son,

Thomas, and John were both stamp collectors. During

their return from a week in Locarno, Switzerland, they

stopped at the post office in Vaduz, the capital of Liechtenstein.

John was intrigued by Liechtenstein’s stamps,

and bought every stamp for sale at the time. (Needless

to say, he had to borrow a few Marks from Dr. Wagner.)

He has been collecting and studying Liechtenstein

stamps ever since with special interests in Errors, Freaks

and Oddities (EFO), and the artifacts of the design,

development on production processes. He is a member

of the America Philatelic Society (APS), (European)

Liechtenstein Collectors Club (RLS), Error, Freaks and

Oddities Collectors Club (EFOCC) and the Institute for

Analytical Philately (IAP).

MI 11 KII MI 11 KII MI 11 KII MI 11 KII MI 14 II

MI 13 DD

MI 12 DD

MI 12 DD

Answer sheet. Answer: 8 and 4,

respectively: 2 each of MI 12 DD;

4 each of MI 11 KII; MI 14 II; MI

13 DD

For Further Reading

Recommendations from the APRL research staff:

Katalogue des Timbres Suisses: Suisse, Liechtenstein, ONU

Geneve, Campione by Verband des Schweizerischen

Briefmarken-Handels (VSBH); Association suisse de

negociants en philatelie (ASNP). (Basel : VSBH/ASNP

(Multipress Verlag AG), 1998. G6040 .A1 V476s 1998

Katalog uber die Maschinenstempel 1911-1969 Schweiz,

Liechtenstein by Max Ziesel and Verein Schweizerischer

Maschinenstempelsammler (VSM). (Aarau: VSM),

1970. G6041 .M149 V489k

Handbuch der Werbedatumstempel Schweiz: Liechtenstein

by Schweizerischer Verein der Poststempelsammler,

Association suisse des collectionneurs

d’empreintes postales, and G. Balimann. (Olten: SVP

and ASCEP), 1993. G6041 .P857 S413h 1993

Faroe Islands Stamps

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Carriers and

Locals Society

The Society’s mission is to

encourage the collecting

and study of United

States carriers and locals.





Its principal areas of interest are:

• U.S. official and semi-official Carrier services

• U.S. Independent Mail Companies

• U.S. Local Posts of the 19th century

• U.S. Eastern Expresses of the 19th century

• Fakes and forgeries of U.S. Carriers and Locals

• U.S. and Canadian fantasy stamps of the 19th


Benefits of membership include the C&LS’s award winning journal,

its auctions and on line access to back issues of The Penny Post.

To join, or renew your membership, visit

our website at www.pennypost.org.

The Allure of




There are many reasons why a stamp or postal history

collector might select a specific area on which to focus.

The Allied Military Government (AMG) specialty,

more than most collecting areas, has something for

everyone, spanning multiple geographic and political states,

several languages, changes in government and administration,

and a rich historical situation – over the course of just

a few years. The AMG either issued or sanctioned the issuing

of stamps in Italy, the Free Territory of Trieste (FTT),

Venezia Giulia (VG), Austria, France, Germany, Korea, and

the Ryukyu Islands. Figure 1 pictures stamps issued or sanctioned

by the AMG for use in each of the areas that were

under AMG administration – just a few of the numerous

stamps and postal stationery items issued under AMG authority

between 1945 and 1972. Before discussing those areas,

some background on what the AMG was and the role it

played during and following World War II (WWII) is necessary.

During the latter part of WWII, as the Allied forces

liberated territory that was previously held by the Axis powers,

military representatives from the Allied forces filled a

temporary vacuum by providing administrative functions

normally supplied by local and national governments until

newly constituted governments could be established. The

term AMG refers to the representatives from one or more of

the Allied military forces supplying administrative services

until those local and national governments were able to

resume normal services under new leadership. Among the

services provided were law enforcement, taxation, judicial

services, and postal services. Postage stamps were issued

to allow people to communicate with those within and

outside liberated areas and revenue stamps were created to

Figure 1. Examples of AMG issues for Italy

(pictured from left to right and top to bottom)

Italy (Scott 1N10, 20 Centesimi, 1943), Austria

(Scott 4N1, 1 Groschen, 1945), France (Scott

476H, 10 Francs, 1944), VG (Italy Scott 1LN10,

20 Lire, 1946), FTT (Italy Trieste Scott 9, 10 Lire,

1947), Germany (Scott 3N6a, 8 Pfennigs, 1945),

Korea (Scott 56, 5 Cheun on Japan 14 Sen,

1946), and the Ryukyu Islands (Scott 3, 20 Sen,



Map 2. Map showing U.S., British, French, and Soviet zones in Austria.

Map 3. Map showing

U.S., British, French,

and Soviet zones in


Map 1. Map of the FTT (from VFW, September 1991)

showing areas under AMG control (Zone A) and

Yugoslavian control (Zone B).

facilitate payment of taxes and fees collected on business

transactions, licenses and permits. Those postal and revenue

stamps were issued under the authority of the AMG

in liberated areas administered by the AMG.

The AMG administered various areas in Europe and

Asia following the liberation of Sicily in 1943 and the defeat

of Japan in 1945. The administered areas, dates of administration,

and AMG forces responsible for administration

are shown in Table 1. The area of VG, which included the

city of Trieste, was jointly administered by U.S. and British

forces until the creation of the FTT in 1947. The FTT (see

Map 1) was split into two parts, Zones A and B. Zone A was

governed by the U.S. and British militaries (the AMG) and

Zone B by the Yugoslav forces. In October 1954, the FTT

was divided between Italy and Yugoslavia in the London

Memorandum, which was signed by the U.S., Britain, Italy,

control, the two countries and the German city state of

Berlin were broken into areas administered by the U.S.,

British, French, and Soviet military forces (see Maps 2, 3,

and 4). The areas administered by the U.S., Britain, and

and Yugoslavia. Most of FTT Table 1. AMG-administered areas.

Zone A, which included the city

Administered Area AMG Administrator(s) Dates of Administration

of Trieste, went to Italy and Zone

Austria U.S., Britain, France, USSR 4/27/1945 - 7/27/1955

B, along with a small portion of

Zone A, went to Yugoslavia. The

1975 Treaty of Osimo formally

ended all disputes regarding the


Free Territory of Trieste (FTT)


Free French Forces

U.S., Britain, Yugoslavia

U.S., Britain, France, USSR

1944 - 1945

9/15/1947 - 10/5/1954

1945 - 1949

areas around Trieste by legally Italy, including Sicily U.S., Britain 8/17/1943 - 1945

ceding the previously divided

Korea U.S. 9/8/1945 - 8/15/1948

areas to Italy and Yugoslavia.

Ryukyu Islands U.S. 1945 - 5/14/1972

In 1945, once Austria and

Germany came under Allied Venezia Giulia (VG) U.S., Britain 6/1945 - 9/14/1947


Map 4. Map showing U.S., British, French, and Soviet sectors in


France were then unified as the Federal Republic of Germany

(West Germany) in 1949. The area administered by

the Soviets became the German Democratic Republic (East

Germany) and remained under Soviet influence until October

3, 1990, when the German Democratic Republic became

part of the Federal Republic of Germany. The four Allied

forces remained in Austria until it was given full independence

in 1955, after assurances that it would remain neutral

in political conflicts between the communist Soviet Union

and the three democratic powers.

When the AMG collecting area first evolved shortly

after the conclusion of WWII, many of those attracted to it

were people who served in the Armed Forces or supported

the war effort during the war. In the U.S., the collecting of

AMG stamps and postal history was primarily driven by the

efforts of a single individual, Joseph V. Bush, who founded

the Joseph V. Bush Co. while recovering from injuries sustained

when stationed in Britain during WWII. Many of

his early customers had a direct personal connection to the

AMG postage and revenue stamps as, in some instances,

they served or worked in the liberated areas and used or

Figure 2. Italy Scott 1N1, 15

Centesimi, released by the

AMG in August 1943 for use

in Sicily.

Figure 3. Italy Scott 1N11,

35 Centesimi, overprinted


on Italy Scott 217 in December

1943 for use in Naples.

received the AMG stamps on mailings. Although most of

those directly involved in the conflict are no longer with

us, there are still many who had parents and grandparents

or other relatives that fought in World War II. Since many

of those relatives were involved in the conquest and/or

occupation of lands previously held by the Axis Forces, it

is only natural for their descendants to have an interest in

the stamps and postal history associated with those efforts,

an interest that might be increased if those descendants also

had family roots in the occupied areas.

The very first stamps issued by the AMG (Figure 2,

Italy Scott 1N1) were designed and printed by the Bureau

of Engraving and Printing (BEP) and released in Sicily on

August 24, 1943, after the island was fully secured by Allied

military forces. Although those stamps were valid for use in

any liberated areas of Italy, very few were ever used outside

of Sicily. Once an armistice was agreed upon with the provisional

Italian government

on September 8,

1943, the AMG did not

think it appropriate to

issue the Sicily stamps

on the mainland as that

was the responsibility of

the provisional government

with the sanctioning

of the AMG. For

example, stamps from

the Italian Royalist issue

of 1929-1942 (Figure 3,

Italy Scott 1N11) were

overprinted “GOVERNO


Figure 4. Italy Scott 439,

watermarked 50 Centesimi Bari

Wolf issue, authorized by the

AMG in 1944 for use in liberated

areas of Italy.



in Naples under the authority of the AMG. The provisional

government also issued stamps sanctioned by the AMG,

picturing the Bari Wolf (Figure 4, Italy Scott 439), for use in

other liberated areas of Italy.

Many of the earlier issues for use in Europe have a significant

tie to the U.S. as they were designed and/or printed

by the U.S. BEP in Washington, D.C., including the Italian/

Sicilian, French, German AM Post (i.e., Allied Military

Post), and the Austrian issues. Figure 5 shows examples of

stamps from each basic set produced by the U.S. BEP. Later

printings of the AM Post issues were printed in London,

England, and Brunswick, Germany. The London printings

used the same designs and the Brunswick printings used

slightly altered variations of the BEP designs. Many AMG

collectors believe that the BEP-designed stamps should

be included in the Scott Specialized Catalogue of United

States Stamps & Covers since it is the reference used by

most advanced U.S. collectors. Unfortunately, there is currently

no good single source of information for those issues,

forcing collectors who require in-depth information to use


Figure 5. Examples from each set of stamps designed and produced by the U.S. BEP (from left

to right), issues for Italy (Scott 1N7, 2 Lire, 1943), France (Scott 476C, 1 Franc, 1944), Germany

(Scott 3N5a, 6 Pfennig, 1945), and Austria (Scott 4N10, 20 Groschen, 1945).

Figure 6. Examples of (from left to right) inverted overprint (Italy

Scott 1LN1, 10 Centesimi, 1945), doubled overprint (Italy Scott 1LN8,

60 Centesimi, 1945), and closed “G” errors (Italy Scott 1LN12, 50 Lire,

1946) on AMG VG stamps.

multiple catalogs, including those produced by Scott, the

German publisher Michel, the French publisher Yvert et

Tellier, and Italian publisher Sassone.

For those who enjoy collecting errors, freaks, and oddities,

there is an abundance of AMG material that fits within

this collecting area, particularly the many overprint errors

and varieties on the stamps issued by the AMG for use in

VG and the FTT. Many of the stamps for those areas were

created by overprinting Italian stamps. VG errors include

inverted overprints, doubled overprints, overprints printed

on the reverse side of the stamp, and overprints with a

closed “G”. Varieties include horizontally and vertically

misplaced overprints, printing offsets on the reverse, and

overprints with broken or malformed letters. The stamp

on the left in Figure 6 (Italy Scott 1LN1) has an inverted

overprint, the middle stamp (Italy Scott 1LN8) has a double

overprint, and the right stamp (Italy Scott 1LN12) has a

closed “G”. Figure 7 pictures several overprint varieties with

the pair of stamps on the left (Italy Scott 1LN14) containing

a horizontally displaced overprint, the center stamp (Italy

Scott 1LN5) has a vertically displaced overprint, and the

stamp on the right exhibits an offset of an overprint on the

reverse. Many of these errors and varieties have the benefit

of being affordable for the average collector.

Back-of-book (BoB) stamps and postal stationery are

popular with many collectors and there is an abundance

of AMG BoB material. In particular, the FTT offers a wide

variety of BoB items as it was governed by the AMG for over

seven years and a broad range of BoB items were needed

to finance a full range of government services. AMG BoB

items include airmail, special delivery, postage due, parcel

post, authorized delivery, semi-postal, Christmas seals,

and revenue stamps, plus letter sheets, air letter sheets, and

postal cards. A few of those BoB AMG issues are shown in

Figure 7. Examples of (from left to right) horizontally displaced overprint (Italy Scott 1LN14, 25

Centesimi, 1947), vertically displaced overprint (Italy Scott 1LN5, 2 Lire, 1945), and overprint offset

varieties on AMG VG stamps.


Figure 8a. AMG Austria postage due (Scott

J200 , 60 Groschen, 1946), VG special

delivery (Italy Scott 1LNE1, 10 Lire, 1946),

FTT airmail (Italy Trieste Scott C20, 10 Lire,

1949), and FTT air letter sheet.

Figure 8a anf 8b. For those desiring

to start an AMG BoB collection, the

easiest place to start is with some of

the more basic issues such as airmail,

special delivery, postage due, and

parcel post, since most are listed in

the Scott catalogs. When those areas

are exhausted, the collector can turn

to postal stationery and the wide

range of revenue and fiscal issues,

which will require access to specialized

catalogs, many of which are not

available in English.

Revenue stamps were issued in

abundance in the AMG-administered

areas of VG and the FTT. At the left in

Figure 9 are the left and right sides of

used 100 Lira Industrial-Commercial

tax stamps (Bush AMG-VG IC11)

and at the right is an intact mint

5 Lira FTT stock transfer se-tenant

stamp (Bush AMG FTT ST24). Both

Industrial-Commercial and Stock

Transfer stamps were printed as setenant

pairs. For both the Industrial-

Commercial tax stamps and the Stock

Transfer stamps, the left side of the

pair was attached to the portion of

the invoice retained by the seller and

the right side of the pair was attached

to the piece of the invoice given to

the purchaser. Some AMG collectors

have spent decades building specialized

collections of the revenue issues.

A particular challenge is finding many

of the revenue issues properly used

on-document. Only a limited number

have survived, as the stamps were

Figure 8b. FTT air letter sheet.

Figure 9. AMG VG Industrial Commercial tax stamps (Bush AMG-VG IC11, 100 Lire) and FTT

Stock Transfer stamps (Bush AMG FTT ST24, 5 Lire).

Figure 10. Scott Trieste 166 with “FTT”

overprint on Italy Scott 622 issued to

commemorate the 1953 running of the

annual Mille Miglia (1,000 mile) motorsport

endurance race which was won by drivers

Giannino Marzotto and Marco Crosara in a

Ferrari 340 MM Spyder Magnale.


Figure 11. The 3 Franc value of the second AMG issue for France picturing the Arc de

Triomphe (France Scott 523J, 3 Francs, 1945), Austrian AMG Post Horn issue (Scott 4N2,

3 Groschen, 1945), and the Italian AMG Bari Wolf issue (Scott 440, 50 Centesimi, 1944,


Figure 12. Censored, registered letter to Vienna, Austria with a 12 Groschen (Scott 4N8) and a

30 Groschen (Scott 4N12) paying the domestic surface rate and registration fee.

either removed from the documents or the documents

were destroyed after they were no longer of use. For those

interested in the emissions for Korea, there are also numerous

provisional and local issues, although many are quite


Another popular collecting area involves issues with a

topical or thematic interest. Many of the AMG issues have

simple, practical designs, such as those created for use in

Italy/Sicily and Germany, and do not lend themselves to

topical or thematic collecting. Despite that, there is still

plenty of material for the topical collector to pursue. The

regular, commemorative, and BoB issues for the FTT and

VG, along with many Ryukyu Islands stamps, fit nicely

in topical or thematic collections. Figure 10 shows a 1953

FTT stamp (Trieste Scott 166) picturing racing cars, which

according to the Scott catalog was issued in commemoration

of the 20th annual Mille Miglia (1,000 mile) auto race.

Figure 11 pictures examples from the French issue depicting

the Arc de Triomphe (France Scott 523J is pictured),

Austrian issue picturing a post horn (Austria Scott 4N2 is

pictured), and Italian Bari Wolf issue (Italy Scott 439 is pictured),

which all have a place in topical collections.

Postal historians wishing to specialize in the AMG area

have a wide variety of AMG issues to focus on. Finding the

many varieties of the AM Post issues for Germany on cover

could keep you occupied for many years, especially if you

want examples where the stamps are used to pay fees such

as registration, special delivery, insurance, and postage due.

Although some AMG issues are not hard to locate on cover,

such as many AM Post and FTT Zone A issues, there are

others that are quite challenging. Finding on-cover Korean

stamps issued during the relatively short period of U.S. military

administration from 1945 to 1948 is not easy, as there

were only 26 different stamps issued and it is likely that

most of those used were removed from the envelope or the

envelope containing them was thrown away. Many revenue


Figure 13. Domestic surface letter to Eschenbach, Germany with three 8 Pfennig AM Post

stamps (Scott 3N6a, 1945) paying the 24 Pfennig domestic surface rate.

Figure 14a. Ryukyu Islands classic opera

issue (Scott 196, 3 Cents, 1970).

Figure 14b. FTT Festival of the Mountain

issue (Scott Italy Trieste 181 with “FTT”

overprint on Italy Scott 634, 25 Lire, 1953)



issues for VG and FTT Zone A are also quite hard to find

used on-document as many of those documents were not

retained after the need to show payment of the tax or fee

had passed. Figure 12 pictures a cover mailed from Villach

to Vienna in Austria and censored by the British military

censor. The cover, which has 30 Groschen (Scott 4N12) and

12 Groschen (Scott 4N8) AMG stamps paying the domestic

surface rate and registration fee, was mailed on October 18,

1945, and received on October 20, 1945, in Vienna. Covers

showing payment of postal fees, such as registration,

are much harder to find than those just paying the basic

domestic rate. Figure 13 shows a typical AM Post cover

with three 8 Pfennig Washington-printed stamps (Germany

Scott 3N6a, 1945) paying the 24 Pfennig domestic surface

rate for a letter sent on March 22, 1946, from Auerbach to

Eschenbach, Germany, both within the U.S. occupied zone.

First day cover (FDC) collectors will not feel left out,

as there are FDCs available for many AMG regular issues,

commemoratives, and some BoB issues. There are both

addressed and unaddressed FDCs, with and without cachets.

In many instances, there are multiple cachets for a single

issue and cachet artists/creators who designed cachets for

a wide range of issues. Thus, it is possible to develop a collection

that is focused on either a single AMG issue or a

cachet designer. FDCs are easiest to locate for the issues of

the FTT and Ryukyu Islands, as those areas issued stamps

over a longer time frame than any other AMG-administered

areas.Figures 14a and b show FDCs for the 1953 FTT 25 Lire

mountain festival issue and the 1970 Ryukyu Islands 3 Cent

classic opera issue (Scott 196).

Since AMG stamps and postal history cover such a

broad range of collecting interests, it is only natural that

many different types of collectors are drawn to AMG collecting.

Despite the breadth of the AMG collecting area, a

basic AMG collection containing one of each face-different

AMG-issued stamp, although a challenge, is possible to

complete, unlike a worldwide collection or even many

country collections. An AMG collection also offers the

opportunity to specialize, whether it be in the issues and

postal history for a given country (e.g., Italy, Germany) or

in a specific type of stamps (e.g., all revenue issues). Since

my goal is to introduce readers to AMG collecting, I have

only touched on a few of the possible ways to collect AMG

stamps. Once you have started down the AMG collecting

path, many other options will present themselves.

If you’re having trouble finding affordable new material

for your current collecting area(s) or you are looking for

an interesting new challenge, AMG collecting may be the

solution. There is a group dedicated to the study of AMG

collecting, the AMG Collectors’ Club (AMGCC), which is

also an APS chapter. Dues in the AMGCC are only $20 a

year and it publishes the A.M.G. Courier, a quarterly awardwinning

journal (Large Silver at 2017 APS StampShow and

Vermeil at 2020 Chicagopex). The AMGCC website (www.

amgcollectors.org) also has an abundance of reference

material, including album pages and back copies of the

journal, available for download by members. Do yourself

a favor and become an AMG collector today. You will not

regret the decision.

For information on joining the AMGCC, either go to

the club website or contact the club Secretary/Treasurer,

David Arking, via email at arkmail@comcast.net or mail at

223 Williamsburg Rd., Lansing, MI 48917.

Comments about this article or general question regarding

the AMGCC or AMG collecting area may be sent to me

via email at rich@pedersonstamps.com or by mail at PO

Box 662, Clemson, SC 29633.

The photo negative in the header is of Catania, Sicily,

in 1943, by photographer Nick Parrino. The Allied military

government supplied flour for the towns hardest hit by the

war after all local sources had been exhausted. Courtesy of

Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information

photograph collection (Library of Congress).


Wilcke, Harry W., M.D. (ed.). Bush A.M.G. Catalog – Handbook (Joseph V.

Bush, Inc.; 1993).

Cass, Harry, and Bush, Joseph (eds.). Bush – Cass Catalog of AMG Revenue

Stamps (Joseph Bush; 1956).

Houseman, Donna (ed.). Scott 2018 Specialized Catalogue of United States

Stamps & Covers (Amos Media Co.).

Snee, Charles (ed.). Scott 2015 Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue, volumes 1-4

(Scott Publishing Co.)

The Author

Richard Pederson is editor of the A. M. G. Courier,

webmaster for the AMGCC, the club’s APS representative,

and a past president and vice president of the AMGCC.

For Further Reading

Recommendations from the APRL research staff:

A.M.G. Catalog-Handbook by Harry Cass. (Bonita, CA:

Joseph V. Bush, 1958. G5700 .A1 C343am

The AMG Story: The Philatelic Story of the Allied Military

Government in Europe at the Close of World War II by

Harry Wilcke. (Columbus, OH: United States Possessions

Philatelic Society, 1994. G5701 .O15 W667a


A.M.G. Courier: The Journal of the AMG Collectors' Club by

AMG Collectors' Club. (Clemson, SC: AMG Collectors'

Club, 2015-Present). JOURNAL AMG Courier


From Hubble to

Hale-Bopp and

Other Stories


Figure 1. Visions of the Universe, designed by Robert Ball and issued in February 2020 by Royal Mail.



year ago, my article “A

Stamp on the Universe”

appeared in the January

2020 issue of The American

Philatelist. Many readers have

sent me parcels of their astronomy-

and space-related philatelic

material. I decided to write about

some of the covers, and stamps

that I have received.

These gifts form an incredible

historical timeline of achievements

in space and have

encouraged me to read deeply

into the history of U.S. space

research, comets, astronauts

and Apollo missions, many of

which are subjects I knew little

about before now. I have also

included a recent set of astronomy

and space stamps issued on

my side of the pond, which will

allow me to kick off this article

with a rather lovely set of colorful

astronomy stamps issued at the

beginning of 2020 in the United


The Bicentenary of the

Royal Astronomical Society

On February 11, 2020, the Royal Mail issued a set of

stamps to commemorate the bicentenary of the Royal

Astronomical Society (RAS). Formed on January 12, 1820,

at a tavern in London, the society has now grown to 4,000

members and is one of the most eminent societies in the

world, promoting astronomy and geophysics.

The issue, called Visions of the Universe, has eight stamps

in total illustrating astronomical phenomena: Comet 67P,

the Cats Eye Nebula, geysers on Enceladus, pulsars, Jupiter’s

auroras, the galaxy Cygnus, gravitational lensing and black

holes (Figure 1). Each stamp includes one simple line of

text that describes phenomena which have been discovered

or investigated by British astronomers and astrophysicists.

For example, the 1st class Black Hole stamp displays the text

“Black holes are super-dense regions of space” and is a nod

to the English natural philosopher John Michell who first

suggested their existence in 1783 and the famous late British

professor and theoretical physicist, Stephen Hawking, who

made predictions about their behaviour.

Illustrated by London-based artist Robert Ball, the

stamps are colorful in hues of blues and red and bring to

life these amazing phenomena in a way that photographs

certainly could not. In particular, the Black Hole stamp is

based on the work of Dr. Ziri Younsi of University College

London, who was part of the Event Horizon Telescope

team that captured the ground-breaking first image of a

black hole in 2019. Younsi shared computer models of his

work on black holes with Robert Ball to inform the illustrated

design. These stamps are a fitting celebration for the

bicentennial of a prestigious society and the contributions

of British scientists to research in this field.

Figure 2. The Black Hole pictorial cancellation used here

pays homage to Stephen Hawking’s work in the study of

black holes.


Figure 3. The 1981 Space Achievement issues (Scott 1912-9) include

one premature stamp depicting the Hubble Space Telescope (Scott

1919), which would not be launched until nine years after the issue.

Companies such as Benham and The Westminster Collection,

and private organizations that produce their own

official first day covers, can sponsor their own special handstamps

or pictorial handstamps. These sponsored astronomy-themed

handstamps have been used to cancel the

stamps on certain Visions of the Universe covers and add

to the delightful theme of the stamps. To obtain a special

handstamp, the collector must affix the stamps to a cover and

send it to special handstamp centers located throughout the

UK, where it is stamped and returned to sender.

For this issue, special handstamps include the original

logo of the RAS – Herschel’s 40-foot telescope (the RAS

unveiled a new, updated logo in January for its bicentenary)

– an image of a black hole, and an illustration of the solar

system (Figure 2).

Figure 4. Three custom covers canceled on important dates in

the Hubble Space Telescope’s history: April 24, 1990, the date of

Discovery’s launch; April 25, 1990, the date of the Hubble Space

Telescope’s deployment; and April 29, 1990, the date that Discovery

touched back down to Earth.

Figure 5. This combo cover marks

three additional dates in Hubble Space

Telescope’s history: May 21, 1981, the date

of issue of the Comprehending the Universe

stamp depicting the HST; April 24, 1990, the

date of Discovery’s launch; and December 2,

1993, the date of Endeavor’s launch with the

servicing team.


Hubble Space Telescope

On May 21, 1981, eight stamps were issued by the USPS

at the Kennedy Space Center to commemorate the nation’s

achievements in space (Scott 1912-9). One of the stamps

depicts the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), which was set

to be launched in October 1986; however, the Challenger

disaster halted all space shuttle programs until a full investigation

of why the shuttle broke apart 73 seconds after

launch had been carried out. Hubble was finally launched

on April 24, 1990. The 18¢ stamp displays the text “Comprehending

the Universe” (Figure 3).

The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) celebrated its 30th

anniversary on April 24, 2020. In 1990, the telescope launched

from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida aboard the orbiter

Discovery. The telescope’s launch was the 35th mission of

the space shuttle program and massively transformed our

understanding of the universe and our place within it. Orbiting

340 miles above the Earth, the telescope has discovered

moons orbiting Pluto, collected data about galaxies and even

contributed data for research on black holes.

In the past months I’ve received postmarks and signatures

on covers that tell the story of Hubble to an extent.

What follows are three custom covers depicting printed

Figure 6. These autographed covers were a gift to the

author from collector John Macco. The four covers, all date

stamped February 11, 1997, were signed by four Mission

Specialists who were aboard Discovery. Macco sent the

covers individually to the Astronaut Office at the Johnson

Space Center with a request for signatures.


Figure 7. A full sheet of the Apollo 11 airmail stamps (Scott C76), issued September 9, 1969.

cachets of the HST and date stamped with three key dates of

the mission: April 24, 1990, the date of Discovery’s launch;

April 25, 1990, the date that the telescope was deployed; and

April 29, 1990, the date that Discovery touched back down

to Earth (Figure 4). Each postmark is at Greenbelt, Maryland,

which is home to the Goddard Space Flight centre, the

control center for the HST.

The custom covers are printed with an image of the

HST orbiting the Earth. The mission number is printed

below the image - Space Transportation System STS-31/

Space Shuttle Discovery, the shuttle that launched the HST

into orbit. Two of the covers are embellished with a stamp

that was issued for the 20th Universal Postal Congress on

November 27, 1989, and depicts a shuttle involved in a midspace

mail transfer. This stamp was issued as a set of four

with each stamp illustrating what postal delivery may look

like in the future.

The stamp affixed to the cover dated April 25, 1990, has

an interesting history. It is a self-adhesive stamp depicting

an Eagle and Shield (Scott 2431). Costing 25 cents, this selfadhesive

imperforate stamp was unveiled on November 19,

1989, at the annual VAPEX stamp show in Virginia after a

15-year hiatus in the production of self-adhesive stamps.

“Why the hiatus?” you may ask. One of the first selfadhesive

stamps (Scott 1552), issued in 1974 and depicting

a dove weathervane on the top of George Washington’s

home, Mount Vernon, was deemed a failure due to the

expense of production, the gum bleeding through onto the

stamp paper and ease of re-using the stamps. Production

was halted until 1989, when the USPS decided to try again,


this time using an acrylic-based adhesive. The Eagle and

Shield was available to only fifteen cities in Virginia and

deemed another failure because of the higher premium that

customers had to pay for the stamp booklets. The USPS

finally issued its first nationally distributed self-adhesive

stamp, the 29¢ Eagle and Shield stamp, in 1992.

When the first images from the HST were returned to

Earth, there was a noticeable problem. The images were not

as clear as they should have been and were significantly below

the expected quality. Further analysis showed that the mirror

had been ground into the wrong shape ever so slightly – a

minor flaw, but enough to compromise the telescope’s use

almost entirely. So, on December 2, 1993, with seven astronauts

aboard Endeavour, Servicing Mission 1 was launched

from the Kennedy Space Center to correct the problem

(Figure 5).

On February 11, 1997, seven further crew members

were launched aboard Discovery to undertake repairs and

upgrades of the HST. This was the 82nd mission of the

space shuttle program. Four covers in my collection have

been signed by four of the five Mission Specialists - Joseph

Tanner, Mark Lee, Steven Smith, and Steven Hawley. Mark

Lee and Steven Smith carried out three of the five EVAs

(Extra Vehicular Activity) while Gregory Harbaugh, also a

Mission Specialist and Joseph Tanner undertook the other

two. Steven Hawley, already an accomplished astronaut,

was part of STS-31, the mission that launched the HST in

1990 (Figure 6).

Apollo 11

One of the greatest achievements in U.S. space history,

the Apollo program ran from 1961 to 1972. The Apollo 11

mission in particular will forever be stamped firmly in the

Figure 8. Mission patch for Apollo 11, courtesy of NASA on the

Commons Flickr.

Figure 9. An cover autographed from Luboš Kohoutek, discoverer of Comet Kohoutek in

1973. The cover is date stamped January 15, 1974, the date of the comet’s closest approach

to Earth.


Figure 10. This cover is date stamped March 24, 1995 – two days after Hale-Bopp’s closest approach to Earth,

and eight days before the comet passed perihelion. The cachet’s artwork comes from Alan Hale’s book

Everybody’s Comet: A Layman’s Guide to Hale–Bopp.

history books in more ways than one for successfully sending

mankind to the moon on July 20, 1969. An abundance of

stamps, covers and other memorabilia were created to mark

this occasion.

Thanks to an exceptionally generous APS member, I

have been sent a large amount of Apollo 11 material spanning

50 years, including a mint sheet of thirty-two 10¢

Moon Landing stamps issued on September 9, 1969, which

is a wonderful new addition to my collection (Figure 7). The

single stamp, designed by Paul Calle, was issued to celebrate

mankind’s historic visit to our celestial neighbor and illustrates

Neil Armstrong setting foot on the Moon, embarking

from Eagle, the lunar lander. This stamp’s design was the

subject of Chris Calle’s 50-year retrospective, published in

the July 2019 issue of The American Philatelist.

Using some of the Apollo 11 material that had been sent

to me, I entered a Stanley Gibbons competition in May.

The aim of the competition was to display, on a single page,

a window into a significant moment in history. Judged by

Peter Cockburn, vice president of the Royal Philatelic Society

and Graham Winters, chair of the Association of British

Philatelic Societies, I was one of the eight winners in the

Master class with my exhibit called “We Choose to Go to

the Moon in This Decade.”

While working on my exhibit and sorting through the

material, the most interesting detail that I came across

relates to the Apollo 11 logo that had been designed for the

mission by Aldrin, Collins and Armstrong (Figure 8). The

logo depicting an Eagle clutching an olive branch appears

regularly on covers and philatelic memorabilia, but it may

have gone unnoticed to some that the illustration of Earth

from the Moon is incorrect. The Earth phase, or “Terra

phase” is a term used to describe the sunlit portion of the

Earth. During these phases, the shadow would never fall on

the “left-hand side” of Earth. This mistake was never corrected,

for reasons I have yet to find out!


Comet Kohoutek is perhaps best remembered as the

comet that never was. Discovered in 1973 by Luboš Kohoutek,

a Czech astronomer, this icy visitor from the outer Solar System

is a long-period comet, which means that it has an orbital

period exceeding 200 years and we won’t see it again for

another 75,000 years. The comet was hyped to be the comet

of the century but unfortunately, it was not to be. The nakedeye

comet largely disintegrated upon its approach to the Sun

and consequently was not as bright as expected.

I was sent a homemade cover signed by Kohoutek along

with a note from the sender, dated July 15, 1974, asking

Kohoutek to autograph the cover. An 8¢ black and orange

stamp (U.S. Scott 1488) celebrating the 500th anniversary

of the birth of Copernicus, famous 15-century astronomer,

is affixed to the cover. The cover has been date stamped

on January 15, 1974, the date of Kohoutek comet’s closest

approach to Earth (74,940,000 miles) and a pictorial

postmark cancels the stamp. Kohoutek returned the signed

cover to the sender on August 25, 1974 (Figure 9).

It has been 25 years as of July 2020 since comet Hale-

Bopp was discovered; I remember in my teens, whenever

nights were clear, gazing up at the comet hanging effortlessly

in the dark. Moving across our skies for approximately

18 months, Hale-Bopp was the most observed comet of the

twentieth century. Discovered independently by Alan Hale

and Thomas Bopp in the United States on July 23, 1995,

the comet passed perihelion, its closest approach to Earth,


on April 1, 1997, and

shone bright at magnitude

of +2, roughly the same

brightness of Polaris, the

North Star. However, due

to its size (approximately

80 km) and proximity to

Earth, even in light-polluted

towns and cities, it was

visible to the naked eye.

I was sent a cover date

stamped at Cloudcroft,

New Mexico, where Alan Hale first made his discovery

(Figure 10). Earlier this year, I had the privilege of interviewing

Alan for the Sky at Night and The Society for Popular

Astronomy. I asked him how he felt when he made the


“I was very excited about the discovery. The

comet was dim, at only 11th magnitude so I had no

way of knowing at the time that it would turn out to

be such a bright object . . . I figured that, at best, it

might be a newly found short-period comet which

would be returning every few years.”

At the time of the discovery, Alan was observing two comets,

71P/Clark and 6P/d’Arrest.

“I had finished observing 71P/Clark, and I had an

hour or so to wait before 6P/d’Arrest became high

enough to observe, so I passed the time by looking

at deep-sky objects. When I turned the telescope to

the globular star cluster M70 in Sagittarius I noticed

a dimmer, fuzzy object in the same field of view.”

Alan confirms that we have learned a great deal from the

comet’s visit from the outer Solar System:

“Many of the substances identified in Hale-Bopp

have also been detected in interstellar gas and dust

clouds and in forming planetary disks within those

clouds, so study of the comet has certainly helped fill

in gaps in our knowledge about how planets form.”

To celebrate the 25th anniversary of the discovery of

Hale-Bopp, Alan has compiled Ice and Stone 2020, a weekly

series of online presentations throughout 2020 covering

small bodies of the solar system such as comets and asteroids.

It is available at no charge to educators and students

around the world from earthriseinstitute.org.

What Will the Future Bring?

The celebration and commemoration of space achievements,

technological advancements and discoveries

throughout history has produced an endless, beautiful cornucopia

of stamps, covers, postmarks and even numismatic

delights. There are some really exciting events to look forward

to in the coming years, as those who have followed the

recent SpaceX launch in the U.S. will agree. This includes

the launch of the James Webb Telescope on October 31,

2021, the European Space Agency’s Solar Orbiter, which

will begin scientific operations in November 2021, and the

Mars Rover 2020 Perseverance landing on the red planet

in February 2021. There is so much scope for future commemorations

and celebrations of space exploration and

astronomy. I think it is a rather exciting time for us stamploving

astronomers, and I for one cannot wait to see what

the world of philately holds.

The Author

Katrin Raynor-Evans is a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical

Society and Royal Geographical Society. She is a

member of the European Astronomical Society and Astro

Space Stamp Society. She writes articles and interviews for

popular astronomy magazines including the BBC Sky at

Night, Stanley Gibbons and is the Features Editor for the Society

for Popular Astronomy’s magazine, Popular Astronomy.

She is co-authoring her first book. Asteroid 446500 Katrinraynor

was recently named after her.

For Further Reading

Recommendations from the APRL research staff:

Astronomy and Philately by Astro Study Unit, American

Topical Association. (Milwaukee: American Topical

Association, 1977). HE6183 .A1 A512a (ATA) No.90

Space Weather, A Philatelic Journey: Solar and Space

Effects on Earth and Other Planets and on Humans

and Their Technology by Garry Toth and Don Hillger.

(Carterville, IL: American Topical Association, 2017).

HE6183 .A1 A512a no.166

Astronomy on Stamps by Alphonse Mayernik. (Cambridge,

MA: Harvard College Observatory, 1962).

HE6183 .A859 M468a

The Official Halley’s Comet Collection Postage Stamp

Catalog by InterPostal Philatelic Corporation. (Sag

Harbor, NY: InterPostal Philatelic Corporation, 1989.

HE6183 .S732 O32

Astrofax - Bulletin of the ATA Astronomy Study Unit by

ATA Astronomy Study Unit. (San Antonio, TX: ATA

Astronomy Study Unit, 1972-Present). JOURNAL



The Collector of Revenue





the last column, I examined the first aspect

of the definition of revenues, governmental

authority. Let us begin the current exploration

with the first of the many purposes of revenue stamps,

namely to show that a tax has been paid or that something is

exempt from taxation.

Stamps that were intended to pay a tax on various kinds

of transactions that are recorded on paper are commonly

called documentary stamps. Most stamp collectors attracted

to revenues begin with the so-called First Issues Revenues,

the first issues that collectors encounter in the revenue

section of the Scott Specialized Catalogue of U.S. Stamps

& Covers listings (Scott R1-102). Most, but not all of these

are documentary stamps. That list of stamps is so lengthy

because all were inscribed with the kind of document on

which they were to be placed. In Figure 1, we see a stamp

inscribed Bank Check and placed on the intended type of

document, a bank check. The tax on bank checks, regardless

of the amount to be paid, was two cents, and is appropriately

covered by the documentary stamp.

The wide variety of variously inscribed documentary

stamps, often in multiple denominations, made equal distribution

to all parts of the country difficult. The requirement

for the tax stamp to match the usage proved impractical,

and was discontinued after a mere three months, at the end

of December 1862. Nonetheless, most collectors of the First

Issue relish finding these stamps on the intended type of

document, even after the matching usage requirement was


Figure 2 shows a certificate stamp on a marriage certificate,

another matching usage. Certificate stamps were

required on any certificate with legal implications or standing.

Interestingly, this marriage certificate is written in

German, reflecting the large German immigrant population

in the state of Pennsylvania, many of whom were still

speaking German, or a dialect, Pennsylvania Dutch, which

by the 1860s was no longer a written language. As a young

boy, well I remember Pennsylvania Dutch being spoken by

my grandparents when they did not wish me to understand

what was going on!

Most, but not all, of the First Issue revenue stamps

were intended to be used on documents. Stamps inscribed

Figure 1. Check drawn on the Bank of the Republic with a 2¢ stamp (Scott R6c) inscribed Bank Check.


Fgure 2. German language marriage certificate with a 10¢ stamp inscribed Certificate (Scott R33c).

“Proprietary” or “Playing Cards” were reserved for use on

certain consumer goods such as matches, medicines, perfumes,

or playing cards. Figure 3 shows an improper use

of a 2¢ stamp inscribed “Playing Cards,” used on a bank

check. This was in violation of the regulations. Since the tax

was paid and there was no attempt to evade the tax, these

improper uses appear to have been tolerated. Most collectors

of the First Issue revenues seek to add such improper

uses to their collections.

In spite of collectors dubbing these stamps the First

Issue revenue stamps, they were not the first adhesive revenue

stamps used in the United States. The state of California

used adhesive stamps as early as 1857 to collect taxes on bills

of exchange, bills of lading (receipt of cargo shipments), and

insurance policies. These adhesive stamps were validated

with a handstamp showing the initials of the state controller.

The example on a Second Bill of Exchange shown in

Figure 4 is stamped with S.H.B, the initials of Samuel H.

Brooks, who served from March 16, 1860, to November

20, 1861. Bills of Exchange functioned somewhat like bank

checks, and were sent from California and other western

states across the country for payment at a bank in New York

City. Because of the uncertainty of arrival in New York, the

normal practice was to send two Bills of Exchange by different

routes to the bank in New York and save a Third Bill

in the company records for the unusual case that neither

of the other two arrived safely. The Figure 4 example is a

Second Bill of Exchange, and includes wording that it was

to be paid, provided that the First Bill was unpaid. In other

words, the first that arrived would be paid and the second

that arrived would be ignored. There is no evidence that

this particular bill was actually paid, so we can assume that

the First Bill arrived and had already been paid. Nevertheless,

all three bills were subject to the tax. California’s tax in

this case was $1.00 for each of the bills over $400, up to and

including $500.

For the convenience of taxpayers, Internal Revenue

also contracted with printers to imprint stamps on checks

and other taxable documents during the Civil War era and

lasting until June 30, 1883. In this way, the taxpayer did

not have to worry about licking a stamp and pasting it on

their check (Figure 5). In the example illustrated here, the

contractor A. Trochsler of Boston used a design featuring

the USS Monitor in the right portion of the design. Almost


Figure 3. Bank check with a 2¢ stamp inscribed Playing Cards (Scott R11c), a nominal improper use of a stamp reserved for playing cards,

matches, medicines or perfume. CAR are the initials of check signer, canceling the stamp.

Figure 4. An 1861 Second Bill of Exchange sent from California for payment at the Bank of the State of New York,

subject to the California state tax of $1.00 for bills over $400 and not exceeding $500.

all the recorded examples of this particular imprinted stamp

are from the New England states. Significantly, there is one

1880 example recorded used in Savannah, Georgia. The

USS Monitor could not have been a popular sight in Georgia

ten years after the end of the Civil War, which makes the

provenance of this imprint curious. Although we do not

know for certain, I can easily imagine that a “carpetbagger”

from New England went south after the end of the war

and set up a business in Savannah. When it was time to get

checks printed with imprinted stamps, the “carpetbagger”

recalled his roots in New England and had them produced

back home!

Although the examples just described are all stamps for

use on documents, these are still not the earliest examples

of documentary taxes in the United States. Figure 6 shows

a 1798 foreign bill of exchange written in Alexandria,

Virginia, for 230 pounds sterling payable in Liverpool,

England. There is an embossed seal for 50¢ (Scott RM102)

in the upper left corner, the amount of federal tax due for

bills of exchange for $500 to $1000. My research shows that

the value of 230 pounds sterling in 1798 was about $1,000

in United States currency (over $21,000 today). Perhaps

of greater interest is that the embossed seal or stamp is

inscribed for Maryland; the tax was collected by the federal

Supervisor of Revenue for Maryland, even though there was

a Supervisor of Revenue for Virginia. Such uses are fairly


In the World War I era and after, the tax laws specified

that the stamps for several of the documentary taxes

had to have the name of the specific tax on them. This

included taxes on future delivery transactions and stock

transfers. Because of the enormous demands on the Bureau

of Engraving & Printing because of the war, an expedient

solution was implemented: one set of stamps for general

documentary taxes, overprints for the stamps to be used for

future delivery (Figure 7) and a different overprint for the

stamps for use on stock transfers (Figure 8). This temporary

measure for stock transfer stamps lasted thirteen years until


Figure 5. An example of a check which has had the 2¢ tax stamp imprinted on the check before it was delivered to

the New England News Co. of Boston for its use.

Figure 6. An example of a bill of exchange subject to a fifty cent tax, with the payment

shown by an embossed 50¢ stamp at the upper left corner. Paid in 1798, a very early use of

documentary tax stamps.

1940, when they were replaced by a permanent design for

showing the tax on stock transfers. These separate stamps

easily allowed for Internal Revenue to track how much was

collected for each tax category and advise Congress about

the revenue implications of possible tax rate changes for

these categories.

All of the above examples involve taxes on some form of

financial transaction or on legal documents, like the marriage

certificate. These examples follow the pattern of the

initiation of taxation in most countries. As societies evolved

a middle class, additional taxes on consumable products

were initiated. These are often referred to as excise taxes.

Excise taxes generally target two kinds of products: luxury

goods and goods that the government is trying to discourage.

Perfumes were one of the luxury items taxed under the

general category of proprietary taxes during the Civil War

era. Playing cards, sometimes known as the Devil’s cards

because of their use in gambling, are an example of something

in the same Civil War era that the government was

trying to discourage.

General proprietary stamps were issued for these excise

taxes during the Civil War era – Figure 9 shows proprietary

stamps canceled by Thomas Kensett & Co. and Ruth &

Fleming, two canners in Baltimore, an example of luxury

goods that were taxed beginning August 1, 1866. The tax

was eliminated on most canned goods on March 1, 1867.

Although canned goods may not seem like a luxury good

today, after the Civil War canned goods grew in popularity

due to their ubiquity and convenience for soldiers. In Figure

10 we see an example of a proprietary stamp canceled by a


Figure 7. Several examples of stamps used to pay the taxes on the contracts for the future delivery

of commodities. The first example, with the handstamp “F.D.” (unlisted in Scott), was a provisional

in use prior to the delivery of the proper stamps from Internal Revenue.

Figure 8. Several examples of stamps (Scott RD10, 12, and 21) used to pay the taxes on the sale or

transfer of ownership of stocks.

Figure 9. The use of general proprietary stamps (Scott R3c) to

pay the tax on canned goods by two Baltimore canners, Thomas

Kensett & Co. and Ruth & Fleming.

Figure 10. The use of a general

proprietary stamp (Scott R29c) to

pay the tax on playing cards by

Samuel Hart & Co.

playing card manufacturer, Samuel Hart & Co. Samuel Hart

later ordered a stamp from the government with a design to

be used by only one firm (Figure 11). This so-called private

die proprietary stamp served the dual function of paying

the tax and acting as trademark protection to discourage

anyone who wished to imitate Hart’s cards and try to trade

on the name of that firm.

The taxation of alcohol and tobacco products are two

more areas that fit into this discussion. Each of these

encompasses a very large number of stamps. Both beer

stamps and wine tax stamps are well covered in the Scott

U.S. Specialized. But the area of distilled spirits – including

alcohol warehousing, distilled spirits, wholesale liquor

dealing, and rectified spirits stamps – for the most part is

not covered in Scott. There is also a whole area of stamps

that were applied to bottled spirits which are not truly tax

stamps, even though they denote that the taxes have been

paid. The catalogers of state revenue stamps have dubbed

these “liquor seals,” to differentiate them from the stamps

that actually collected the taxes on alcohol. In addition, the

field of United States tobacco taxpaids is totally untouched

by the Scott U.S. Specialized. This includes stamps for Class

A and Class B cigarettes, cigars, small cigars, snuff, and

pipe or chewing tobacco. I leave each of these fields for a


Figure 11. The use of a private die

proprietary stamp (Scott RU9b) for

paying the tax on the playing cards

manufactured by Samuel Hart & Co.

later discussion, because in number of

stamps each comes close to the size of

the entire listings of revenue stamps in

the Scott U.S. Specialized.

Instead, I move to the interesting

area of special tax stamps that most

stamp collectors, when they encounter

them, say are not stamps. These are

known as special tax stamps because

those three words appear on these

overly large pieces of paper (Figure

12). The item in Figure 12 measures

about 6 1/4 inches wide by 6 inches

tall. Before 1920 these special tax

stamps measured about 11 1/2 inches

wide and 7 1/4 inches tall. These are

much better understood if we look

at their function: to collect annual

taxes on certain occupations. Once

again, this is a vast field of revenues,

embracing occupations dealing with

tobacco, alcohol, and medicinal narcotics.

There are additional occupations,

but this will suffice for this

overview of paying these annual occupational

taxes. The size of the special

tax stamps are a turnoff to many collectors;

those in use prior to 1920 were

even larger!

There is an interesting story from

about forty years ago, when the president

of the American Revenue Association

decided to enter his exhibit of

special tax stamps in a World Series

of Philately show. When the judges

saw this exhibit, they told the show

committee that they were not going to

judge this exhibit, because it was not

an exhibit of stamps. When informed

Figure 12. Special tax stamp for paying the annual occupational tax for a Brewer of at least

500 barrels of beer (15,500 gallons).

Figure 13. Export beer stamp from the Act of June 1890 used to designate that the beer was

exempt from taxes.


Figure 14. Export beer stamp for bottled beer used in the 1890s to designate that it was

exempt from tax.

For Further Reading

Recommendations from the APRL research staff:

An Introduction to Revenue Stamps by Bill Castenholz.

(Pacific Palisades, CA: Castenholz & Sons, c1994).

G3701 .R451 C349i

Introduction to United States Revenue Stamps by Richard

Friedberg. ( Sidney, OH: Linn’s Stamp News,

1994). G3701 .R451 F899i 1994a

Documentary State Revenue Stamps of the United States

of that decision, the exhibitor asked the show committee to

open the frames so he could remove his exhibit. He then

told them that not only would he never exhibit again, but

that he did not plan to attend any national level stamp

shows again. To the best of my knowledge that exhibitor

kept his word. Today, an exhibit of special tax stamps would

be accepted and judged.

Just as we have explored these stamps that were issued to

pay a tax, there are several stamps used by Internal Revenue

to designate that something was exempt from a tax. We will

look at just two of these stamps, both used to identify that

beer (“fermented liquor”) was exempt from tax because

the beer was designated for export. There were advantages

for both the brewery and government. The nonpayment of

taxes only to be refunded upon export was (1) preservation

of the brewery’s capital and (2) elimination of paperwork

for the government. These export stamps for beer were first

initiated by a law passed in June 1890. Stamps issued for

this purpose could be used on different sizes of kegs by cutting

off the coupons on the left. It appears that this stamp

(Figure 13) was intended for a quarter barrel of beer but

was never used. The export beer stamp in Figure 14 was to

be applied to beer that had been bottled. Again, this stamp

could be used for multiple sized containers. It has been cut

off for six gallons. Neither of these stamps should appear

in a local store or tavern. Only kegs of beer with a taxpaid

stamp on them should have ever been seen at the local bars

in this country. Both of these beer examples and stamps

for export of various kinds of tobacco products are rather

scarce in general – especially used examples, which would

have had to make their way back to this country after they

had been exported.

This concludes our brief survey of stamps issued to

show the payment of a tax or to designate that a product is

exempt from tax because it will be exported. My purpose

here was not to be comprehensive, but to illustrate a broad

range of examples that fulfill this one of many possible functions

of revenue stamps.

by Brewster Kenyon. (Long Beach, CA : Brewster C.

Kenyon, 1920). G3701 .R451 K37d

An Historical Reference List of the Revenue Stamps of the

United States, Including the Private Die Proprietary

Stamps by George Toppan. (Pacific Palisades, CA:

Castenholz and Sons, 1990). G3701 .R451 T675h

1899 Reprint 1990

The Revenue Stamps of the United States by Christopher

West and Elliot Perry. (Pacific Palisades, CA:

Castenholz and Sons, 1979). G3701 .R451 W516r



Gary Posner

Wish Central

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Bob Prager

#8A. 1851-56 1¢ Blue,

Mint, Very Fine, No

Gum, Beautiful Deep

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with a Philatelic

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Scott $2,250

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#17. 1851 12¢ Black,

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Scott $6,250

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No. 61—Mint, Full OG

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#119b. 1869 15¢ Pictorial

Invert, Used, Fine to

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Showing Nicely Through

a Neat Circle of Wedges

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#160. 1873 7¢ Orange

Vermilion, Used, Extremely

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#193. 1880 2¢ Black

Brown Soft Paper Special

Printing, Unused,

Extremely Fine, No Gum

As Issued, Couple of

Tiny, Trivial, Thin Spots

at Top. One of Only 48

Known, a Fantastic Example

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Scott $16,000

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#144. 1870 90¢ Carmine,

Mint, Fine-Very Fine, Expertly

Reperfed At Left, a

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#172. 1875 10¢ Pale Brown

Special Printing, Unused,

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of Which Only 38

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#64. 1861 3¢ Pink, Mint,

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#243a. $3 Columbian, Olive Green

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Cataloging U.S. Stamps




(Scott 1092)

The making of the stamp

When Postmaster General Arthur Summerfield issued

a statement on November 2, 1956, of five commemorative

stamps his department intended to issue during 1957, it

came as no surprise that one was to be included to mark

the golden anniversary of the granting of statehood to the

Oklahoma Territory. The enthusiasm of Oklahoma institutions

combined with the skillful advocacy of its energetic

governor Raymond Daniel Gary (1908-1993) was behind

Summerfield’s announcement.

In May 1953, the Drumright newspaper publisher and

editor Lou Stockton Allard (1909-1974), an enterprising

member of the Oklahoma House of Representatives,

secured the unanimous support of that legislative body to

establish an Oklahoma Semi-Centennial Commission to

arrange statewide events in honor of Oklahoma’s admission

to the American Union. Oklahoma Governor Gary named

the commission charged with coordinating local events,

which included rodeos, parades, festivals, pioneer days and

Native-American ceremonial dances. It was inevitable that

Allard should serve as its chair.

The first land rush in what is present-day Oklahoma

occurred on April 22, 1889, and statehood came into effect

on November 16, 1907. As a result, the Commission scheduled

a bevy of statehood semi-centennial events to take

place between April 22 and November 16, 1957.

The Commission’s foremost goals were to ensure that

each city and town would organize its own celebrations,

that a statewide fair be organized at the State Fair Grounds

in the capital, and that tourists from all over the country

would be attracted by slogans such as “Visit Oklahoma

First,” “From Tepees to Towers,” and, what became the

central theme of the celebration, “From Arrows to Atoms.”

From the outset, it pressed for the Post Office Department

to give philatelic recognition to the event. In this endeavor

the Commission had the unanimous support of the state

government, in particular of the governor and the business

community and trade unions.

While it was a foregone conclusion that a stamp would

be issued, there was considerable discussion about how

Figure 1. Three vertical essays for

the Oklahoma stamp, courtesy

of the Smithsonian’s National

Postal Museum Library, the Third

Assistant Postmaster General

Stamp Design Files.


Figure 2. The slightly odd horizontal design

that was approved for the Oklahoma

statehood stamp. Courtesy of the

Smithsonian’s National Postal Museum


many stamps should be issued. Oklahoman business interests

and the state’s congressional delegation would have

preferred two stamps: the first to be issued at Oklahoma

City on April 22, the date of the 1889 land rush when the

territory of Oklahoma was opened to settlement by European

Americans, and the second on November 16, the date

when statehood was granted, to be issued at Guthrie, the

former state capital. The two dates were widely promoted

by the tourist industry, as it meant that visitors would come

from spring to autumn.

It was proposed that the design of the April 22 stamp

would feature the semi-centennial theme “Arrow to Atoms.”

The lawyer Earl P. Enos suggested that the November stamp

have as its centerpiece a map delineating the Indian and

Oklahoma territories that coalesced to form a single entity.

On the left the map would be flanked by an image of the

bronze sculpture by Percy Bryant Baker (1881-1970) called

the “Pioneer Woman”; on the right, a portrayal of the

statue by Jo Davidson (1883-1952) of the Oklahoma-born

humorist and prominent member of the Cherokee Nation,

William Pen Adair “Will” Rogers (1879-1935). Will Rogers

already appeared on a 3¢ postage stamp in 1948 as an extension

of the Famous American Series

(Scott 975). To complicate the process

of deciding the venue for the first

day of issue ceremony, the Oklahoma

Philatelic Society announced that, as

Tulsa would be the site of its annual

convention to be held during the week

of November 16, the stamp should be

issued there.

When it became clear that the policies

of the Post Office Department

would allow only one stamp to be

issued, the tourist industry weighed in.

Its representatives argued that April 22

was too early in the year and November

16 too late. They wanted a date that

coincided with the June state fair organized

by the Commission. For that reason,

Postmaster General Summerfield

opted for the date of June 14, to coincide

with the opening of the exposition

Figure 3. Scott 1092 and 1087

(Polio Prevention) shared

the dubious honor of “Worst

Design” from a Linn’s poll of

that year.

in Oklahoma City – exactly

51 years after Congress had

passed an Enabling Bill to

set in motion the march

towards statehood.

On February 9, 1957,

Bureau of Engraving and

Printing artists submitted

four designs for Summerfield’s

consideration, and he

promptly made his choice.

Three of the submissions

were vertically arranged and

one had a horizontal layout

(Figure 1). Each of the

designs featured the theme

“Arrows to Atoms” and the

wording “50th Anniversary

of Statehood” or, in the case

of the horizontal model,

“50th Anniversary of Oklahoma Statehood.” The centerpiece

of the vertical stamps was the exposition logo, consisting

of a symbolic arrow piercing an atom. Two of these

designs contained a tiny map of Oklahoma at the center of

the atom atop the shaft of the arrow. One had a larger map

located behind the symbol. They were true to the impressive

190-foot-tall steel and corrugated arrow and atom sculpture

that was erected to tower over the fairgrounds. Located at

the heart of the exposition site, it served as its symbol and


One might ask why BEP designer William Schrage

proposed a horizontal layout (Figure 2). The vertical layout

allows the depiction of the tower in its full glory. In

the horizontal version, however, the tower, flipped on its

side, looks at best like an arrow about to be fired or an

Figure 4. The official semi-centennial emblem, right, uses the

slogan “Teepees to Towers,” as does the Artmaster cachet on

the first day cover, left. Emblem courtesy of Oklahoma City

Chamber of Commerce Collection, and cover courtesy of APS



oddly designed parliamentary mace. Schrage also included

a much-enlarged map of the state in his design. His model

was accepted by the Post Office Department on February 9

and the die proof was approved on April 5.

The design

The awkward design of the semi-centennial stamp is a

good example of what happens when there are too many

cooks in the kitchen. The Commission made several suggestions,

and Governor Gary intervened at an early stage of the

process. He wanted the stamp to serve as publicity for the

June 14-July 7 “America’s New Frontiers Exposition,” to be

held at the Oklahoma City fairgrounds.

The central motif of the stamp is a horizontal arrow

superimposed on a solid outline map of the state of Oklahoma.

The arrow pierces the atomic symbol of interwoven

ellipses, representing electron paths that supposedly symbolize

atomic energy. The arrow epitomizes the frontier

days of Oklahoma prior to its attainment of statehood in

1907, and the atomic symbol represents the promise of science,

a veritable new frontier. Across the top of the stamp

the text reads, “1907 Arrow to Atoms 1957” and across the

bottom, “3¢ United States Postage.” Both are in dark Gothic

typeface. Arranged over five lines within the eastern half of

the map of the state is the wording “50th Anniversary of

Oklahoma Statehood” in white-faced Gothic.

The design was not wildly popular with philatelists. In

the annual poll undertaken by Linn’s, it shared the accolade

of worst design of the year with the Polio stamp (Scott 1087,

Figure 3). For members of the newly constituted Citizens’

Stamp Advisory Committee, it represented everything they

wished to change in postage design.

The subject

The history of modern Oklahoma begins with the forced

removal during the 1830s of the “five civilized tribes” – the

Cherokee, Muscogee (Creek), Seminole, Chickasaw, and

Choctaw nations – from their lands as a result of the Indian

Removal Act of 1830, which resulted from an insatiable

hunger for land and the discovery of gold in Georgia in

1828. Historians have compared the forced removals to

“death marches” because of the large number of people

who died on route. They were dragooned into present-day

eastern Oklahoma. In this land, called “Indian Territory,”

the “five civilized tribes” enacted their own constitution and

established democratic systems of government and courts

of law. However, this did not stop incursions by European

Americans, particularly when oil was discovered in 1857.

The land to the west of “Indian Territory” was opened

for settlement in 1889 and European American settlers


Technical information:

Date of issue: June 14, 1957

Catalogue numbers: Scott 1092

Designer: William Karl Schrage

Vignette engraver: Matthew Daniel Fenton

Letter engraver: George L. Huber

Color: dark blue (Scott); blue (Post Office Department)

Format: Electric eye plates of 200 divided into 4 post

office panes of 50 by horizontal gutters - arranged 5

horizontally by 10 vertically

Perforation: 11 x 10 ½.

Size: 0.84 x 1.44 inches (21.34 mm x 36.58 mm)

Printing: Bureau of Engraving and Printing, using a

Cottrell Electronically Actuated Web Press

Anomalies: None.

Quantity issued: 102,219,500

Plate. No. Impressions


25683 140,542 May 21, 1957

25684 145,655 May 17, 1957

25685 145,655 May 17, 1957

25686 140,542 May 21, 1957

First day site: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

First day covers serviced: 327,172

Figure 5. The “Arrows to Atoms” semicentennial of statehood arrow,

courtesy of Oklahoma City Chamber of Commerce Collection.


Figure 6. The Oklahoma Philatelic Society

designed the blue and gold cachet on

this first day cover canceled from the

Boomtown Post Office.

staked claims to what previously had been Native American

territory. Further land runs occurred between 1891 and

1895. The area became Oklahoma Territory.

In 1905, representatives from the Cherokee, Seminole,

Creek, Choctaw and Chickasaw nations submitted a draft

constitution for the state of Sequoyah, which Congress

refused to consider. The tribes joined representatives of the

Oklahoma Territory to promote the acceptance of a single

state. On June 14, 1906, after years of attempting to obtain

statehood for Oklahoma and the Indian territories as one

or two states, Congress passed an enabling act calling for

a constitution convention of members from the Oklahoma

and Indian Territories and the Osage nation to draft the

fundamental law required for admittance to the Union.

On September 17, 1907, in a referendum, the residents of

the two territories voted in favor of statehood, and on the

following November 16, President Roosevelt issued Presidential

Proclamation 780 admitting Oklahoma as the fortysixth

state of the Union.

First day ceremony

Almost two months prior to the

first day of issue ceremony, on April

22, 1957, statewide events were inaugurated

in Guthrie with a parade

(Figure 4). The “Arrows to Atoms”

two-hundred-foot-tall tower at the

Oklahoma City state fairgrounds was

dedicated and lit (Figure 5). Actor Joel

McCrea, who starred in the movie The

Oklahoman (1957), participated in the

Guthrie parade, and joined the lighting

ceremony at the state fairgrounds.

On opening day of the four-weeklong

fair, the entrance to the 320-acre

site was arranged to resemble pioneer

stockades. Governor Raymond Gary,

wielding a golden tomahawk, split the

lone barrier at the entrance for the

formal inauguration of the festivities. Towering above the

fairground was the flamboyant symbol of the semi-centennial,

an elongated arrow piercing an atom, erected in the

center of the grounds. Banners abounded, including one

proclaiming that the purpose of the exposition was to bring

the “frontiers of science to the man in the street.”

The stamp was issued on the second day of the exposition

at State Fair Grounds in Oklahoma City. On the designated

day, at 1:30 pm, Friday, June 14, 1957, despite an

intermittent dousing by rain, Master of Ceremonies Harold

B. Groh (1908-1999), president of Oklahoma City Chamber

of Commerce and general manager for Southwestern Bell,

opened the proceedings.

Governor Raymond Gary and Mayor Allen Morgan

Street (1885-1969) of Oklahoma City extended a welcome

to the assembled guests. Following a presentation of

the dignitaries, Abe McGregor Goff (1899-1984), general

counsel of the Post Office Department, mistakenly declaring

that more than one postage stamp had been issued,

delivered the principal address saying, “Today’s opening

Figure 7a. A combo cover canceled in Oklahoma City on June 14, 1957, the first day of

issue of the semi-centennial stamp, and November 16, 1982, the actual 75th anniversary of

Oklahoma’s statehood.


of this magnificent America’s New Frontiers exposition will

further serve to remind the entire world of the strides made

by this and other areas of the dynamic southwest.” He then

proceeded to the ceremonial presentation of the traditional

leather-bound souvenir albums. As always, each album contained

a sheet of stamps autographed by Postmaster General


In terms of philately, beginning on January 1, 1957, the

Oklahoma City post office placed a cancellation publicizing

the exposition in use. The towns of Enid and Guthrie also

applied special cancellations.

There was an exhibit in a railway

mail van, and a highway mail bus was

used to dispatch mail from the fair. A

marking of “HPO” for Highway Post

Office or “PTS” for Post Transportation

Service was applied.

Twenty-seven year old Ray Yanosko,

an instructor at Fort Sill 617th Field

Artillery Observation Battalion, who

helped man the Boomtown Post Office,

designed official blue and gold first

day covers for the Oklahoma Philatelic

Society (Figure 6). On the left side

of the cachet is a drawing in blue of

the exposition’s Boomtown. Above it

was the contemporary Oklahoma City

skyline. The Arrow and Atoms symbol

was in gold. As for the lettering,

“Oklahoma” is on the far left of the

design and “Semi-Centennial Exposition

June 14-July 7” across the top. A

special non-official “Boomtown USA”

cancellation in red ink was affixed on

request. The Oklahoma Philatelic Society

also arranged an exhibition of early

covers from the Oklahoma and Indian


The Post Office Department sent

a special crew, led by Ralph David,

to assist the Oklahoma authorities in

dealing with the influx of request for

first day covers (Figures 7a-c). Enthusiastic

officials of the Oklahoma City

For Further Reading

Recommendations from the APRL research staff:

“Indian Territory, Oklahoma, and the Neutral Strip” by

George H. Shirk., 1955. American Philatelic Congress


The Butterfield Overland Mail through eastern Oklahoma

by I.C. Gunning. (Oklahoma City: Eastern Oklahoma

post office claimed that the stamp would be “more valuable

for collectors than ordinary issues” because initially only

80 million were printed. The Post Office Department was

half expecting a rise in the cost of first-class postage and

therefore printed fewer stamps than the 120,000,000 that

had become common by the middle of the 1950s. When it

became clear that the request for an increase in the cost of a

first-class stamp would not be accepted, however, the printing

was jacked up to 102,219,500.

Figure 7b. FDC with cachet by Ken Boll. Courtesy of APS StampStore.

Figure 7c. FDC with block of Scott 1092s and an Artcraft cachet, courtesy of APS StampStore.

Historical Society, 1965. G4021 .E968 G976b Oklahoma

Post Offices by Sharon McAllister. Oklahoma City:

S. McAllister, 2001. G4021 .P855 M114o

First Post Offices within the Boundaries of Oklahoma by

George Shirk, George H. -- [Oklahoma City? OK]: Oklahoma

Philatelic Society, 1948. G4021 .P855 S558f


Adventures in Expertizing

BY Ken Martin

APS Director of Expertizing



get lots of phone calls, the majority of which are from

individuals who believe they have very valuable stamps.

One caller this month claimed he has at least 50 copies

of U.S. Scott 596. I told him I did not think it was likely as

only 15 copies of the stamp are known and ten of those have

Kansas City bureau precancels. To avoid disappointment I

suggested that he just submit one example each of three or

four of his rarities and wait for the results rather than submit

hundreds of stamps at once.

This individual was not a collector and not familiar with

the Scott catalog. However, if he were, I also would have suggested

that he review the identifier of definitive issues at the

front of the Scott Specialized Catalogue of United States Stamps

& Covers. Scott 596 is design

type A155 and there

are 16 catalog numbers issued

for this design (which

is not quite as overwhelming

as the 43 listed for the

2¢ Washington Franklin

design type A140.)

Disappointment may

be avoided if the other

catalog numbers for the

design type can be eliminated.

And when there are

tremendous differences

in value for the different

catalog numbers, think

about whether a relatively

low value stamp could be

altered to resemble a more

valuable variety. For example,

could perforations

have been added to an

Figure 1. The Kiusalas gauge

measures U.S. perforations

and offers a more accurate

measurement, as not all “perf

11s” are created equal.

inexpensive imperforate

stamp? Or perhaps could

perforations have been

trimmed off one or more sides of a sheet stamp to resemble

a coil or imperforate?

A very narrow stamp or very small margins may be a sign

that perforations have been added to an imperforate or coil

stamp. For United States stamps, an investment in a Kiusalas

perforation gauge could also pay dividends (Figure 1). Perforations

were first measured in Europe and the European

method uses the number of perforations per two millimeters.

In contrast, U.S. perforating machines have had pins that do

the perforating spaced in 1000s of an inch – NOT in millimeters.

The Kiusalas gauge measures U.S. spaced perforations.

Your stamp may appear to be properly perforated 11,

but there are three different sizes of U.S. perforated 11 U.S.

stamps. Perforated 11-72 (72 represents the thousands of an

inch between the center of perforation holes) was first used

Figure 2. The same stamp measured against perf 11-72 and 11-70.

The 11-72 is the correct measurement.

Table 1. Specialist Gauge readings of the 1908-1923

Washington-Franklin designs for easy identification. Courtesy

of stampexpertizing.com.



331-342 12-66

348-356 12-66

357-366 12-66

374-382 12-66

385-389 12-66

390-396 8.5-95

405-407 12-66

410-413 8.5-95

414-423 12-66

424-440 10-79

423A 12-66 X 10-79

423B 12-66 X 10-79

423C 12-66 X 10-79

423D 10-79 X 12-66

423E 10-79 X 12-66

441-447 10-79

448-458 10-80




460 10-79

461 11-72

462-478 10-79

486-497 10-80

498-518 11-72

519 11-72

525-530 11-72

536 12.5-63

538-541 11-72 X 10.80

542 10-80 X 11-73

543 10-80


11-72 or 11-73 at top or bottom

or both X 11-72

545-546 11-72

546a 11-72 X 11-72 X 11-72 X 10-80

Figure 3. The same block measured against perf 11-70 and 11-73.

Perf 11-70 is the correct measurement.

in 1915 on two cent watermarked stamps and became generally

used in 1917 on all flat plate issues (Figure 2). It was also

used from 1918-22 on offset printings and rotary and more

recently on Giori Press Stamps.

Perf 11-73 was also used from 1917-22, though it is not

as common as 11-72. The diameter of the perf holes are larger

than the 11-72, being the same size as perf 10s. And perf

11-70 was used in combination with 10½ - 75 Rotary issues

(Figure 3). If your stamp has the wrong perforations, they

have probably been added.

In addition to phone calls, other inquiries come by email.

Earlier this week, a member asked me: “I have nine Sardinia

stamps, which, according to the catalog have a high value. Is

there any way of knowing if they are legitimate without paying

for expertizing?” With reference materials and study, she

might be able to form an educated opinion, but if the catalog

notes that counterfeits or forgeries are common for a high

value stamp, it will not sell easily without an expert certificate.

We also recently had an inquiry about becoming an expert

on the APEX Expert Committee. We are always happy

to hear from members who are qualified and interested in

helping. Offering expertizing services for all countries is

very challenging. Many of our 180 experts cover only a single

country, and in a few cases, only a single issue of stamps.

In order for all items to be reviewed by at least two outside

experts, we realistically need at least three experts for every

area, in case of vacations, health issues (unfortunately, some

of our experts have had COVID-19), or even dangerous

weather evacuations. Also, several of our experts are dealers

and cannot be consulted on stamps that they sold.

More experts are needed for areas with significant submissions.

We currently have 75 experts for United States

stamps but only three primary experts for U.S. Washington

Franklins issues – and that really is not enough. We currently

have five experts for the German area and would welcome

additional help.

APEX does not have a single test to determine if someone

is qualified, but we do expect positive recommendations

and references. In some cases, we may be able to find

a mentor to help a potential expert. A large percentage of

our experts are dealers, exhibitors and/or authors. Several

have previously or presently provide their expertise for other

expertizing services. Most have collected the stamps they review

for 30 years or more and have their own reference collection

and library.

Because of postage and insurance issues, APEX experts

need to reside in the United States, although occasionally we

turn to an expert abroad to help with typing or plating of a

stamp or review of an overprint based on scans.

We ask experts to review and return items within two

weeks of receipt (we provide the return postage), complete

a checklist for each item, and when they find an item to be

a forgery or counterfeit to give a brief explanation of why to

share with the submitter. For this work we pay them $2 per

item (and many generously donate the payment back to the

APS). Our external experts’ names are not included on our

certificates and some ask that their name not be released as

an APS expert.

A few areas where additional experts are currently


Belgian Congo


British Commonwealth Bulgaria

Canal Zone


Diego Suarez






Middle East



Rouad, Ile




Member questions related to expertizing are welcome

and can be sent to me at kpmartin@stamps.org. If you are

interested in becoming an expert (for the listed or any other

philatelic areas) please contact me at the same address or at

814-933-3817. Please include a list of the types of material

you would like to expertize as well as a brief description of

your qualifications.


My Stamp Story:

Ardis Quick


started collecting U.S. stamps when I was ten. Mystic

Stamp Company was my go-to dealer for new stamps.

My “album” at the time was a photo album where you

pull back the cover sheet to expose the tacky page where

you mount pictures, or in my case, stamps. Oh, do I hear

you all groaning? – what did I know, I was only ten!

Four years ago, at age 62, I attended my first stamp

show. I was invited to join the Maplewood Stamp Club of

White Bear Lake, Minnesota.

One meeting a month and $5

dues, what could I lose? I did

not lose anything, but gained

the friendship of a whole bunch

of people who enjoy stamp collecting.

After the first year in the

stamp club, I decided to get serious

and bought my first Scott

Minuteman album for my U.S.

stamps. I understood quickly

my mistake at age 10 as I pulled

my first two stamps out of the

photo album. They were demolished,

of course. With great care I was able to remove most

without damage. I am still working to fill a few holes in

my 20th century book. That’s where my collection started

but it has since grown to 15 albums

that include the Canal Zone (I find the

engineering of the Panama Canal interesting),

an eclectic Abraham Lincoln

collection of stamps, covers, coins and

other Lincoln materials, U.S. revenue

stamps (still waiting to be organized)

and cats.

One of my first Mystic Stamp packets

was cats on stamps. As I began attending

more stamp shows in my area,

I started looking for cat stamps to add

to my slowly growing collection. I am

a big cat person and look for all felines,

whether wild or domestic. My cat collection

now has over 2,600 stamps – I am

known as the “Crazy Cat Lady” by several

dealers. I am no longer surprised to

hear, “Hey, I’ve got something for you,”

and discover a packet of cat stamps they

have laid aside for me. I share any duplications

with two teenage girls in the club

or put them into a topical

book at the Northern Philatelic

Library located in Minneapolis.

I have been a member at

the Library for the past three

years and volunteered to organize and load donated stamps

into over 90 Red Boxes. I’ve added a small topical collection

of donated stamps to the library.

Presently I am working on designing

and pulling together games, puzzles,

etc. that are stamp related and making

an activity book that can be given to

kids, young and old.

One of my other hobbies is quilting.

I found some postage stamp fabric

and decided to make a lap quilt for an

upcoming stamp club auction. However,

our club hasn’t met in person

since February because of COVID-19,

Handmade masks with postage stamp fabric. so instead of making the quilt, I made

100 face masks and mailed one to each

member as a little surprise with our

July newsletter. We have had the pleasure of resuming

meetings and auctions over Zoom in recent months.

A stamp club member introduced me to another stamp

A cover sent through the Art Cover Exchange.


Ardis with an exhibit for the Minnesota state fair.

related group last year called ACE, otherwise

known as Art Cover Exchange. Members design

cachets to send to each other. As I love to draw

and collect stamps, this was a perfect fit. I correspond

and share my art with members in New

Zealand, Israel, and across the U.S.

I would like to acknowledge the Maplewood

Stamp Club members and the Northern Philatelic

Library. Through them I have learned so

much about collecting, displaying and identifying

stamps. Over the last two years I have entered

exhibits in the Minnesota State Fair (earning a

ribbon for each entry), given a presentation on

topical stamp collecting with a highlight on cats,

and helped identify and file stamps at the library.

Now stamp collecting is so much more to me

than just sticking a stamp in an album!


Please send us yours, in 500 words or less. Please include a picture of yourself and your stamp collection.

Email your submission to aparticle@stamps.org or mail a typewritten copy to: American Philatelic Society,

100 Match Factory Place, Bellefonte, PA 16823 Attn: Stamp Story

Albums! Boxes!


Chris knows that many collectors

and dealers like to buy their stamps by

the book full, or the box full.

That’s why our regular Auctions are

bulging with a wide variety of bulk

lots in every price range.

Serving Stamp and Postal History Collectors Since 1972

If you are looking for collections, box lots, accumulations

or dealer’s stocks, contact us today for your FREE colour

catalogue or view it online at



P.O. Box 267, Smithville, Ontario, Canada L0R 2A0

Toll Free Phone: 877-957-3364 • Fax: 905-957-0100


Buying China, Japan

Korea: stamps & covers

PR China Buy Price

for Mint, NH XF

Scott # We Pay

344a 100

357a 200

542-59 400

566a 400

620-7 800

620i-7i 2,500

628 8,000

716-31 450

782 800

798a 1,400

967-80 1,500

996a 2,500

Scott # We Pay

1211-14 150

1399 250

1433 130

1452 140

1483 70

1492 300

1518 700

1540 100

1586 900

1607e 200

1647a 90

1761 100

We buy stamps not listed.

We will travel for large holdings.

Rising Sun Stamps

3272 Holley Terrace, The Villages, FL 32163-0068

Phone: 352-268-3959

E-mail: haruyo_baker@msn.com


Buy and Sell

BY Carol Hoffman

Director of Sales


A New Year for Circuit and Internet Sales

Happy New Year! Let me introduce myself. I am

Carol Hoffman, the new Director of Sales. I have

been with the American Philatelic Society in

Circuit Sales since 1979, where I started as a Retirement

Clerk. Since then, I’ve moved on to various positions in

between, and to my current position as Director of Sales.

I never pictured myself becoming a collector, but as years

passed, I became a collector of pigs on stamps. Some people

have asked, “Why pigs?” and my response is that they are

fascinating animals. I find myself leaning towards pig-related

postal history and have found some neat items at stamp


The best part of my job is interacting with members,

whether it be by phone, email, at shows, or the American

Philatelic Center. So, let me offer you a suggestion for the

holiday season: Why not make a New Year’s resolution to add a new country

or work on your existing stamp collection?

The APS is here to help you to carry out this resolution through Circuit

Sales and StampStore – and both can be enjoyed from the comfort of your


Circuits are mini stamp stores sent to your home for a hands-on shopping

experience. Each circuit book caters to specific collecting interests and

areas, and the contents are sold by APS members like you. Join by simply filling

out a circuit request form at: https://classic.stamps.org/Circuit-Request.

StampStore is an online shopping experience at stampstore.org. The

search page gives users the opportunity to find very specific items, look for

topicals, or browse through the offerings of different stamp-issuing entities.

Each item has a high quality scan so you can get a closer look before you buy.

Both StampStore and circuit books are excellent resources for anyone whose

resolution is to add to their collection.

Maybe your resolution is to downsize your collection. If so, both Circuit

Sales and StampStore can help you sell your extra stamps or collection – and

as you’ve read in the column many times before, the Circuit and Internet Sales

team takes this work right out of your hands. To sell through Circuit Sales

visit https://stamps.org/how-to-sell-thru-mail, and to find out how to sell

through StampStore, visit https://stamps.org/services/how-to-sell-online.

Don’t Forget!

Club schedules for 2021 were mailed in October 2020. If your club has not returned

its schedule, do so as soon as possible to avoid circuit book interruption.



APRL Notes

BY Scott Tiffney

Librarian & Director of Information Services



goes without saying that the year 2020 was a

challenging one for all of us. COVID-19 introduced

us to regularly wearing masks, social distancing,

contact tracing, and herd immunity to name a few

societal shifts. Here at the American Philatelic Center and

the American Philatelic Research Library it was no different.

From being closed entirely for the initial two months of the

pandemic to being open with a partial staff, finally by the

end of the year, a little more normality set in with the library

and the library staff.

Keeping in Contact Through Service

Along the way we repositioned our services to focus on

those requests that came in remotely via mail, phone and

email, even going so far as to introduce curbside pickup and

drop-off services for those members that could come by the

APC. Here at the APRL, the staff made every effort to reach

out and keep in contact with our library patrons through

the new work environment – and the response received

from library users was overwhelming. In the months after

the staff returned to the library, there was a steady increase

in the number of reference and research requests received

Figure 1. Library requests have been slowly but consistently


A Year of Digital Growth

“The chief beauty about time is that you cannot waste it in advance.

The next year, the next day, the next hour are lying ready for you.

You can turn over a new leaf every hour if you choose.” -Arnold Bennett

by the library, each month surpassing the next (Figure 1).

So too, back in June it was decided to open the library’s

digital collections database, APRL Digital, to both members

and non-members. The results were dramatic. Normally

reserved as a benefit of APS membership, due to the pandemic

and the fact that many of our members and regular

library visitors could not use the library and its resources in

person, the APRL provided free access to the database, giving

everyone the opportunity to research their own library

requests from home. Starting in late June and early July,

the database saw an exponential increase in the number of

unique users using the database (Figure 2). In addition to

that, roughly a third of those using the database in the last

six months of 2020 were non-APS members, giving the APS

and APRL the opportunity for member recruitment.

Continuing the Outreach and Looking Ahead

The growth of remote interactions with the library at

the close of 2020 has the APRL looking forward to 2021 and

the opportunity to provide even more content and access

for our users. As has been stated in the past, our mission

for APRL Digital is to grow both the size and scope of the

database, which in turn will grow the digital presence

of the APRL. In the former case, the APRL has received

permissions from societies and organizations for 34

complete journal runs, which are currently in a queue

to be uploaded to the database. These journals are in a

variety of formats – some are still in paper form, some

in paper and digital form (i.e. pdf file format) and

finally some are in complete digital form. Each journal

provides our staff with unique challenges to prepare the

complete run for upload to the database but the APRL

is excited by the opportunity to grow the journal content

of the database significantly in 2021.

In terms of the scope of the database, we are also

looking in 2021 to grow the types of research resources

that are in the database to include a larger number of

books, exhibits, maps, photographs, and video files.

In the case of exhibits, we have received permissions

from 54 exhibitors who participated in the 2020 Virtual

Stamp Show presented by the APS back in August to

Figure 2. The APRL Digital collection has roughly doubled its monthly unique

users (members and non-members alike) since June.

include 72 digital exhibits. In addition, there are a number

of books that we will pursue to digitize and upload into

the database. For 2021, the APRL is also looking into the

inclusion of the Annual Postmaster General Reports, and if

funding becomes available, will begin the task of digitizing

the American Bank Note Company files which

are housed in the Archives section of the library.

Help Us to Grow

As we improve the database and make some of

the aforementioned additions, we need your help

to make this happen. Your one time or continuing

donation to the Adopt-A-Book campaign (support.

stamps.org.adoptabook) will help the library begin

and further its digitization goals for the year and

enable the APRL to bring its resources to members

worldwide in the future. In addition to donating to

the Adopt-A-Book campaign, clubs, societies and

organizations can also assist us by contacting the

library (stiffney@stamps.org) to begin the process

of having their journal, newsletter or publication

become part of the digital collections database.

We look forward to hearing from you and continuing the

services, content and access that our members expect and

demand from your philatelic library.


R The Stamp Center R

Serving the hobby worldwide since 1979

U.S. & Worldwide Stamps • Coins • Historical/Classic Sports Memorabilia

Americana • Currency • Covers • Postcards • Retail • Wholesale • Supplies & More!


Auction 332 January 19-21, 2021

Coin & Currency Sale #15 February 18, 2021

Auction 333 March 23-25, 2021

Coin & Currency Sale #16 April 22, 2021

Live Internet Bidding Via Stamp Auction Network

When you are ready to liquidate your collection, we are at your service!

No matter the size — drop off, ship or call us to arrange a pick-up. We

will provide a free and prompt appraisal by our professional and bonded staff supported by either an outright

purchase offer or an estimate of what you would realize by consigning to Dutch Country Auctions!






Making Friends at the Friends School

While in-person outreach may be suspended for

the near future, coming up with outreach ideas,

especially for youth, is always a good idea.

“Teaching” stamp collecting can be broad and overwhelming,

so when talking with a group of children, its best to

come up with a “theme”

or specific track within

the hobby.

Over a year ago,

the APS Education

team was able to take

part in the enrichment

program at the local

Friends School. This

program gives students

from Kindergarten to

4th grade a chance to

choose a topic of learning

for a four-week session.

From recycling



BY Kathleen Edwards

Education Coordinator


Figure 1. Owney, mascot of the Railway Mail Service, rode the rails and

traveled the world until 1897. Scott 4547.

to puppet-making, the

Friends School offers a

wide variety of handson

learning experiences.

In January 2020, one of the topics the kids could choose was

stamp collecting!

Our first task to assist the program was coming up with

what “theme” we wanted to tackle. The story of Owney the

Dog is always a favorite among children, especially ones who

are new to stamp collecting (Figure 1). So we decided to focus

the first three weeks on mail delivery, beginning with a

short and catchy Owney video and then sharing the various

places Owney traveled with the mail, including countries all

over the world. Stamps from foreign countries are always

fascinating to children – especially because the country

names on the stamps are in the language of that country and

not in English. You can find a Country ID worksheet and

Country Key on Collecting and Connecting Central (C3a, at

aps.buzz/C3aPlatform), under the “Bridges - Activities For

Sharing” folder for your own use in youth programs.

To continue on the topic of mail delivery, the next lesson

focused on other animals delivering mail. From the Pony

Express to dog sled mail, the students were fascinated by the

animals that play a big role in mail delivery throughout history.

A Mule Mail cancel is also a great example of a unique

way mail can travel (Figure 2). After seeing the special cancellation,

the students learned about the meaning of a stamp

cancel and then designed their own animal cancellation and


In the third lesson,

planes, trains and automobiles

delivering mail

were a big hit. We discussed

how mail went

from carriage to train to

plane and to the current

USPS vehicles. The kids

were particularly entertained

by the threewheeled

Mailster (Figure

3)! But the highlight

of the lesson was talking

with the students

about how they think

mail will be delivered

in the future. The kids

designed futuristic mail

delivery devices on paper and explained their use – children

truly have amazing imaginations!

At the end of each of the lessons, the idea of actually

COLLECTING stamps was broached by handing each child

their very own mini stamp album. Each week they added

some new stamps to their albums related to the topics we

covered in the day’s lesson. After the program was over, the

Figure 2. A Mule Mail cancel. Supai, Arizona, capital of the Havasupai

Indian Reservation, rests inside the Grand Canyon and is the only

place in the U.S. to still receive mail delivered by mule.

Figure 3. The “Westcoaster Mailster” was used in the

1950s to 60s by the USPS and could carry up to 500

lbs of mail. Despite the risk of tipping over when

turning corners, the Mailster was extremely popular.

Courtesy of the Smithsonian’s National Postal

Museum, Flickr.

kids were able to take their stamp albums home, partially

filled with stamps, but with plenty of space for future collecting.

You can find mini stamp album PDF print outs on C3a

in the “Bridges - Activities for Sharing” folder.

The Friends School enrichment program runs four

weeks, so what did we do on the last week? A field trip to the

American Philatelic Center, of course! The students were

able to visit the APS headquarters, learn all about the historic

Headsville Post Office, write, cancel, and mail a postcard

in the APS mail room, and learn about some unique finds

in philately by checking out the Alphabetilately exhibit. We

captured the visit on video, which you can watch at aps.buzz/


The Friends School outreach was a success, and your

outreach efforts can be too. Here are a few

basic tips to help you begin:

Find out what the children like to do

or learn about. Is it animals (Owney and

Mule Mail), arts and crafts (stamp design

and cachet-making), technology (pneumatic

mail and micro printing) or history

(the Penny Black and the Inverted Jenny)?

You can create a stamp collecting activity

to go with any interest, no matter how


Always plan more activities than the

time allotted for the lesson! Things can

go faster than you anticipate. Don’t get

stuck with 20 minutes left on the clock

and nothing more to present. Bring some

back-up activities. It can be as simple as a

Design a Stamp worksheet or just a box of

stamps the kids can dig into.

Keep it simple! Most children have

no prior knowledge of stamp collecting or know very much

about stamps in general. If you get too detailed in describing

the hobby that you know inside and out, the kids might not

“get it” and tune you out.

Connect and share. Many kids are collectors. Ask them

about what they collect. They will tell you all about their

rock, comic, and Pokémon collections! By appealing to their

collecting nature, they may just become stamp collectors


Do you have tried and true tips for youth outreach programs?

Share them with us! Email education@stamps.org,

we would love to hear your ideas!

Director of Education Cathy Brachbill, Education Coordinator Kathleen Edwards, and

Development Assistant Erin Seamans teach a mini-lesson about stamps at the Friends



In Touch

BY Wendy Masorti

Director of Membership and Shows


Embracing Change

Join me in my next APS adventure! I began with the Society 31 years ago

in membership administration and have since transitioned to several departments.

For the past five years, I’ve served as the Director of Sales working with

our sales team to streamline processes, introduce new features, and reach some

record high sales. While I will miss working directly with the Sales team, I look

forward to again working with Membership and Shows.

I’ve titled this column “In Touch” as the Membership team works to communicate

with and grow relationships among our community of members, dealers,

clubs and specialty societies. Communication is the essence and strength of all

great teams and organizations. In this article, we will share ideas on how together

we can promote and support our hobby, we’ll celebrate milestones and awards,

feature member exclusives you may have missed, give quick tips for using the

website, discuss ways to give back, provide stamp show updates and more. We encourage

you to share your experiences so that we can share with our community.

Congratulations to our 25 and 50 year members!

Each year we honor those who have

reached 25 and 50 years of membership

with the APS. The honorees are invited

to attend the annual show to be presented

their award. Unfortunately with the pandemic

this past year, the annual show was

canceled and all awards were mailed. In

2020, 497 members who joined in 1995

received a “25 Year Pin” and 331 members

who joined in 1970 received a “50 Year Medallion.”

Visit aps.buzz/Milestones to see

an alphabetic listing of those honored in

2020. The 2021 recipients will receive invitation

letters in April.




Great American

Stamp Show

August 12-15, 2021


Donald E. Stephens

Convention Center

5555 N River Rd •

Rosemont, IL 60018

*Pending COVID restrictions.

Web Tip

Want to stay up-to-date?

Visit www.stamps.org and click

the “News” link located in the

upper right of the navigation.

Here you will find the most current

APS news and happenings.

Also, be sure you are signed up

to receive the weekly member

newsletter– full of reminders,

specials, featured groups and


Ways to give back

Amazon Smile is a simple and automatic

way for you to support

the APS every time you shop on

Amazon. It's free for you and it

all adds up for the APS.

See details at


Member Reminder

If you haven’t already paid your

2021 membership dues, you can

pay online or contact our Membership

team at 814-933-3803.

Stay in touch

If you or your group has recruiting

ideas or experiences you

would like to share, email to

InTouch@stamps.org or mail to

Attn: In Touch, at the APS address.

Ideas will be considered

for possible use in future columns

or newsletters.


Membership Report

No. 11, NOVEMBER 30, 2020


The following applications were

received during November

2020. If no objections are

received by the Executive

Director (814-933-3803) prior

to January 31, 2021, these

applicants will be admitted to

membership and notice to this

effect will appear in the March

2021 issue.

Ahlers, John P. (232634) Cle Elum,

WA Austria-Air Mails-19th

Century-20th Century-Civil War

Covers-Used US; 69; Lawyer

Aitken, Frances A. (232579)

Reading, PA Commemoratives-

First Day Programs-Cut Squares;

56; Accountant

Allen, Stephen (232614) Harlan,

IA US-Iceland-Greenland-Israel-

Egypt; 68; Retired

Ash, Mylon (232649) Bella Vista,

AR; 50

Axel, Frank (232668) Stamford,

CT USA-Canada-Israel-



Worldwide-Dead Countries; 76;


Barten, Chris M. (232628) Mc

Callsburg, IA Science Fiction-

Famous People-US-Sports-

Disney-Childhood-Movies; 50

Benjamin, Ludy T. (232608)

Keswick, VA Canadian

Provinces-Canada-19th Century-

20th Century

Bernard, Michael J. (232669)

Fairmount, IL US-Antarctic

Territories; 62; Retired Senior


Borozenski, Anthony (232665)

Chicago, IL Air Mails-19th

Century-20th Century-

Errors, Freaks, Oddities-Used

Worldwide-US; 61

Bortz, Mary (232595) Glenview,

IL; 76

Bosevich, Joseph (232659) Easton,

PA 19th Century-20th Century;


Brassey, Joyce (232666) Carlsbad,

CA US-Americana-Foreign



Postal History; 61

Brouwer, Albert (232585) Wichita,

KS Precancels-US/Canada

Classics; 66; Program Mgr -

Aerospace (Retired)

Brown, David F. (232656)

Maynard, MA US; 71

Brown, Karen Sheaffer (232615)

Snow Camp, NC

Carroll, James (232676)

Manorville, NY 20th Century-

19th Century-Air Mails-US-

Revenues/Tax Paids (State/

Local)-Officials/Official Mail

Carver, Charles (232630)

Montgomery, AL US-European-

Germany-Great Britain-France-

Balkans; 78; Retired Military/


Chapman, Charles L. Jr. (232663)

Warner Robins, GA US; 86;


Chapman, David (232664) New

York, NY First Day Covers-Plate


Occupation Issues-Triangles/

Odd Shapes-Former/Dead

Countries; 66

Compton, Jeanne (232643) San

Diego, CA 88; Retired

Connors, Richard (232603) Halifax,

MA Air Mails-20th Century-19th

Century-Plate Blocks

Cooper, Gary M. (232596) Tucson,


Cooper, Karen M. (232616)

Davenport, FL US Statehood-

US Flags-Flowers; Caregiver/


Crutchfield, Diane V. (232642)

Southport, NC Used US-

Used Worldwide-Overprints

& Surcharges-Errors, Freaks,

Oddities-Bulls Eye/Son Cancels-

Foreign Perfins; 76

Dahlberg, John (232631) Fort

Mohave, AZ US; 74; Retired

Davidson, Bob (232644) Statham,

GA US; 78; Retired

Deheegher, Andreas G. (232652)

Roosdal, Belgium 19th

Century-20th Century-First Day

Covers-Flight Covers-Cancels;

82; Retired

Demmer, Richard (232670)

Newport, TN 19th Century-20th

Century-Errors, Freaks, Oddities-

Air Mails-Postage Dues-US; 71;

Diaz, Robert (232590) Carlsbad,

CA 19th Century-20th

Century-Air Mails-British

Commonwealth; 52; US Navy

Dice, Leroy (232651) Nokesville,


Dilks, Lawrence S. (232607) Lake

Charles, LA 19th Century-

Covers-Canal Zone; 69;


Douglas, Russell (232605)

Mountain Brook, AL Christmas

Seals-20th Century-Christmas

Eisinger, Stephen M. (232636)

Tucson, AZ US-Classics-

Germany; 66; Retired Military/


Ekstrom, Mark (232671) Omaha,

NE Commemoratives-Austria-

French Colonies-Bahamas-

Bermuda-Christmas; 61; Retired

Ellerston, Joel M. (232679)

Phoenix, AZ 20th

Century-19th Century-Air

Mails-Confederate States-

Definitives; 57; Accountant

Elwell, Jonathan (232589)

Midlothian, VA; 38; Stamp


Emnett, Charles (232681) Lutz,

FL Commemoratives-Scouts-


69; Retired

Esselstrom, S. Dallen (232594)

Portland, OR Oregon-19th

Century-20th Century-Air

Mails-Errors, Freaks, Oddities-

Sheets/Small Panes; 62

Farah, George S. (232633)

Madison, WI 19th Century-

Air Mails-Occupation Issues-


Fiattarone, Vincent (232662) Boca

Raton, FL; Retired

Fischer, Martin (232635) Pleasant

Hill, CA 19th Century-20th

Century-Cancels-Great Britain-

France-Germany; 77

Frum, Carlos M. (232647)

Northbrook, IL Amateur/Ham

Radio; Retired

Frye, Linda (232617) Grand

Junction, CO; 72; Retired

Gauthier, Lori A. (232584) Grants

Pass, OR Classics; 59; Dental


Giannini, Kari (232678) Daly City,

CA; 34

Gordy, John C. (232611) Yuma, AZ


Covers-Louisiana-US-Ukraine; 60

Greenbaum, Gary M. (232604)

Fairfax, VA Aden; Retired

Greenberg, Julian H. Jr. (232685)

Lone Pine, CA US; 72; Retired

Harrison, Richard C. (232618)

Montville, ME Early US Stamps;

81; Retired

Hegedus, Katrina (232657) Parker,

CO 60; Retired

Henderson, Rodney (232601)

Laceys Spring, AL 73; Retired


Hershey, Patricia (232637)

Georgetown, TX; 57

Hey, Stephen C. (232586) Baileys

Harbor, WI US; 78; Professor


Hromada, April A. (232680) Tinley

Park, IL; 78

Ibieta, Jaime (232591) Rm-

Metropolitana, Chile South


Central America; 58; Agricultural


Irani, Amy (232602) Nevada City,

CA 19th Century-US Postal

History-Cancels; 52


Applications 232292 through

232340 and 232342 through

232453 as previously published

have been accepted for

membership by the Board of Vice



Total Membership,

October 31, 2020................. 27,264

New Members 161

Reinstated 26

Deceased 57

Resignations 8

Drop Non Payment of dues 39

Total Membership

November 30, 2020 27,347

(Total Membership, November 30,

2019 was 27,968 a difference of


Janairo, Elizabeth (232674)

Shorewood, WI Art-Astronomy-


Instruments-Mythology; 51

Karow, James S. (232619) New

London, WI Monaco-French

Colonies-US; 69; Retired

Klega, Debra (232613) Bremerton,

WA Plate Blocks-Covers-Blocks/

Guideline Blocks-US-First Day

Covers-Postal Cards; 48

Kok, William L. (232672) Windsor,

CO German Federal Rep.-

German 3rd Reich/Occupations-


Kolze, Kathleen M. (232660) Lake

Zurich, IL US-Foreign; 59;

Human Resources Mgr.

Landers, Jerry (232581)

Collingswood, NJ Germany-

Foreign Perfins-First Day

Covers-Precancels (City)-Lots &

Collections-Picture Postcards-

Transportation; 65; Retired

Leber, Philip (232593) Bradenton,

FL Plate Blocks; 70; Realtor

Lewis, Robert W. (232577)

Sterling, VA Classics-Used

US-Air Mails-Bureau Issues-

Definitives; 64

Lo, Charles (232597) Elk Grove,

CA Hong Kong-China-Japan-

Manchukuo-Taiwan-Far East; 59

Logan, Douglas G. (232667)

Vernon Center, NY Revenues/

Tax Paids (Federal/State/Local)-


Ships/Boats; Retired

Love, Larry W. (232648) Dallas,

TX Advertising Covers-19th

Century; 61

Macneil, Kelly S. (232645) San

Antonio, TX US Postal History-


Issues-War Covers/Stamps-

United Nations; 50; Information


Magnifico, Dennis (232621)

Bridgewater, MA Italian

Colonies-Italian States-Ireland-



Manning, Gary L. (232625) Durham,

NC 19th Century-Air Mails-Space

Covers-Plate Blocks; 65

Mashoud, Mike (232587) San

Francisco, CA US-Middle East;

71; Retired

Mcginnis, Charles E.

(232646) Ocean City, MD


Paids (Federal); Retired

Mcrae, Arthur S. (232606) Dallas,

TX 19th Century-20th Century-

Air Mails-Revenues/Tax Paids


Murphy, Iain R. (232629) London,

United Kingdom Middle East-

British Commonwealth-British

Asia; 33; Head Of Philatelic


Murray, Bryce L. (232598)

Spring City, PA Covers-US

Postal History-19th Century-

Advertising/Illustrated Covers-

Ephemera-Foreign Covers; 19;


Nurmi, Karen L. (232588) Stayton,

OR Worldwide-Wildlife-

Transportation; 71; Retired USPS

O’Hara, Henry Thomas (232583)

Cavan, Ireland 19th Century-

Bulls Eye/Son Cancels-Patriotic

Covers-Confederate States-Civil

War Covers-Ireland; 25

Ocampo, Victor (232684)

Cambridge, MA


Colonies-British Colonies-


Insects-Wallis And Futuna-New


Patti, Ronald (232609) Berlin, MA


Pecchold, Engelbert (232592) West

Grove, PA Blocks/Guideline

Blocks-Austria-German Federal

Rep.-Germany-Switzerland; 87;


Pelaez, Michael (232675) Hialeah,


Pfurtscheller, Hilde (232661)

Seattle, WA 19th Century-20th

Century-Air Mails-Booklets/

Panes; Retired

Pressley, Jackson R. (232640)

Albuquerque, NM Mexico-

Jamaica; 69

Recksiek, David J. (232654) West

Covina, CA; 48; Coin And Stamp


Reiss, Helene (232627) Trenton,

NJ; 74; Team Member At Six

Flags Great Adventure

Remein, Warren (232686) Bay

Village, OH Commemoratives-


Stamps-Space; 72; Retired


Rice, Christopher A. (232626)

Laramie, WY Duck/Hunting/

Fishing Stamps-Military-

Revenues/Tax Paids (Federal)-


Stamps/Covers; 36

Romanowicz, Stephanie S. (232677)

Marstons Mills, MA; 34

Sandgren, Gilbert R. (232620)

Kenosha, WI US-19th Century;

70; Retired Tax Attorney

Saulich, Jeff (232612) Tallahassee,

FL US; Semi-Retired/Web


Scoble, Rod A. (232578) L’original,

ON Canada Canada-20th


Independent Republics-China

(People’s Rep.)-Germany-British

Commonwealth; 75

Shimmin-Okey, Susan G. (232655)

Rescue, CA 19th Century-

California-Stampless Covers-

Express Covers-Western Covers-

Commemorative Panels; State

Park Interpretive Specialist

Smith, Rilda J. (232623) Shawnee,

OK Kenya-Uganda-Tanzania; 59

Spencer, Mark J. (232682) Kansas

City, MO First Day Covers-Plate

Blocks-Space Covers-Art; 63

Speyer, Adrian (232580) Dollard-

Des-Ormeaux, QC Canada

Canada-Canadian Postal

History-Canadian Plate Blocks;

43; Head Of Community

Stanley, Edward J. Jr. (232624)

Reisterstown, MD Plate Blocks-

Lots & Collections-Sports-


Officials/Official Mail; 63

Stevens, David (232599) Otsego,

MN 20th Century-19th Century-

Air Mails-Blocks/Guideline


Commemorative Panels; 77

Stopka, Thomas C. (232687) Elk

Grove Village, IL US-Bureau

Issues-Cancels-Canal Zone-

Astronomy-Naval Covers

Stych, Ed (232600) Concord, NC;


Tebow, Kenneth R. (232658)

Hayward, CA US-US Postal


Definitives-Air Mails-Used US;

74; Retired

Tietjen, Matt (232638) Durham,

CT Coils-Covers-Vatican City-

Christmas Seals-Christmas-

Madonnas; 41

Tolbert, Robert W. (232582) Santa

Fe, NM Plate Blocks-British

Oceania-New Zealand-Canada; 59

Tousignant, Katie (232632) Austin,

TX Cats-Triangles/Odd Shapes-

Fakes & Forgeries-Worldwide-

Postage Dues; 31

Viggiano, John A. (232650)

Milford, NH Worldwide; 73;


Confederate Stamps

and Postal History


302-422-2656 • trishkauf@comcast.net

10194 N. Old State Road • Lincoln, DE 19960-3644



Professional Philatelist Since 1973




Vollbrecht, Michael (232520)

Lawrence, KS Art-

Commemoratives-First Day

Covers-Coins; 39

Weber, Peter (232653) Minneapolis,

MN Hawaii; 69; Mapmaker

Weiss, Lawrence M. (232639)

Pasadena, CA Classics-Israel-

Canada-Australia; 64

Westby, James O. (232641) Reno,

NV US-Plate Blocks; 78; Retired

White, Max E. (232610) Demorest,

GA; 74

Wilkinson, John (232622)

Schoharie, NY US

Yang, Yang (232673) Wynnewood,

PA 19th Century-China (People’s


China; 35

Zamzow, Lois (232688) Byron

Center, MI Commemoratives-


Zimmerman, Gary B. (232683)

Lewisville, TX 19th Century-20th


Air Mails-Bureau Issues-US; 53;



Connecticut Cover Club (232405),

New Haven, CT. CONTACT:

Michael Clark, 130 Horseshoe Hill

Rd., Pound Ridge, NY 10576


Baker, Bruce R. (5390-155556),

Pittsburgh, PA

Berenson, William (146124),

Shelburne Falls, MA

Blood, John M. (1750-046778),

Holyoke, MA

Calhoun, Robert L. (116820),

Alexandria, VA

Chinnery, Donald G. (7104-050399),

Marinette, WI

Christiaansen, Amy L. (228702),

Gilman, VT

Cleveland, Grover (8836-061251),

Burlingame, CA

Cutler, Morris (11187-060440), N.

Las Vegas, NV

Damkaer, Donald M. (8052-123002),

Olympia, WA

Davis, Winston R. (106345),

Longwood, FL

Day, Richard D. (130484), Apple

Valley, MN

Day, Robin W. (11838-047814),

Plattsville, ON

Donahue, Nancy J. (8389-056995),

Madill, OK

Doring, Martin R. (6346-046055),

Fort Lauderdale, FL

Eggleston, C. T. (11654-048611),

Riverview, FL

Etkind, Irving M. (6218-041579),

Cambridge, MA

Fritz, Cerel M. (212265), Charlotte,


Gagliardi, Fred R. (128360),

Stamford, CT

Genuit, Marian A. (193386),

Stockton, CA

Glasofer, Stan I. (139438), Newport

News, VA

Gleason, Fred C. (10071-069495),

Cascade, ID

Gottesman, Michael H. (11618-

062031), Sonoita, AZ

Gottlieb, Julian (6808-059112), Cos

Cob, CT

Green, Art J. (226958), Roseville, CA

Hancock, George (230202), Tempe, AZ

Hankey, Joan R. (9664-053097),

Gettysburg, PA

Hemmings, John A. (126209),

Swedesboro, NJ

Holzbauer, Herbert (5971-044540),

Grand Junction, CO

Homola, Gerhardt (183675),

Bottineau, ND

Irwin, Harold E. (225595), Oaklyn, NJ

Johnson, Tom D. (125279), Palm

Harbor, FL

Joyce, Edward R. (5973-044123),

Jacksonville, FL

Kleasen, Hubert W. (198072),

Cuyahoga Falls, OH

Koglin, Herbert H. (6652-043600),

Qualicum Beach, BC

Krause, Richard G. (11360-058102),

Waddell, AZ

Krazeisen, Roland R. (220946),

Webster City, IA

McClarren, Robert R. (9494-065953),

Perrysburg, OH

Monroe, Charles P. (213411),

Blacksburg, VA

Nagaran, Michael (223706), San

Diego, CA

Nowak, Roy E. (7288-049381), Fort

Gratiot, MI

Packard, Donald H. (211304),

Pocasset, MA

Parks, Larry C. (8097-061399),

Thousand Oaks, CA

Pezza, Peter P. (180594), Little Rock, AR

In philately you can

discover something

new every day...

C.G. Trading House –





Poulson, Meredith M. (8298-

057729), Salt Lake City, UT

Rayburn, David A. (9517-065618),

Jefferson, TX

Reinhardt, Richard R. (095143),

Forest Lake, MN

Rocawich, George (186223),

Millersville, MD

Sauer, William K. (0937-040734),

Johnson City, TN

Sexton, Robert A. (5175-157593),

Chicago, IL

Shalimoff, George V. (7929-053540),

Sebastopol, CA

Sheaffer, James C. (227366),

Whitesboro, NY

Stowe, Tamara (229529), Boerne, TX

Thomas, C. Stetson (7117-045285),

Middleboro, MA

Todaro, Nicholas J. (7769-055046),

Liverpool, NY

Vida, Kenneth J. (180305), Port

Charlotte, FL

Wacinski, Andrew K. (10708-

084830), Lakewood, CO

Wallenhaupt, Tom (6674-177890),

Coeur D Alene, ID



Prosser, Jeffrey (232341)






buying & selling

We buy stamps, covers, banknotes and coins of all

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stocks. Due to our international customers we pay

top prices for collections and interesting items!

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p Non-binding & discreet consultation

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p Free pick-up by FedEx

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Steinbeisstr. 6+8 | 74321 Bietigheim-Bissingen, Germany



Classified Ads



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UNITED STATES Classic + www.




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US MINT/USED 1840-1940 singles

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STAMPS mounted in books with

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US APPROVALS Beginners welcome.

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Barkdoll POB 751024 Petaluma CA

94975 (1447)

5-20% of Scott. All Stamps, Avg-

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Wanted: US#231 CDS with readable

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See it before you buy it. Philatelic

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Walsh Specialized eCatalogues

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stampsforcollectors.net (1447)


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2 lines $ 7.88 $ 42.55 $ 75.65

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ETHIOPA. Request list from GG

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complete, MNH collection

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To calculate the number of lines for

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The best way to submit classified

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Renewal Notice: If (1439) appears

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FRANCE and colonies, Request list

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www.stampstore.org Seller ID

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20-33% OF SCOTT $1,000,000 WW

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SELLER ID 534232: US, Polynesia



worldwide, M @ U USA, 1st Day

Covers. (1442)

www.triple-sonline.com 25,000



extras from old collection & newer

set, For CD of items, 2buystamps@

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Year Mint

2018 $105.00

2017 $91.00

2016 $97.00

2015 $87.60

Entire Vatican catalog is stock; 1929 to today

Please add 3% postage & shipping


P.O. Box 78, Dexter MI 48130-0078

Phone: (734) 424-3043



CT 06264 Prices 1/2 Scott 2020.


SELLER ID 534232: US, Ireland


SURPRISING! www.JaySmith.com



SPACES at a mere fraction

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thousands of US + WW stamps

priced at 5-20% of the Scott 2019

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Contact E-Z’s Stamps POB 1052

West Seneca NY 14224 or mzim@

roadrunner.com (1440)




2017-2019; Ducks 2010-2020;

White Ace topical blank pages




Valuation and written report

provided. Sellers agent services


(888)868-8293 HSE PO Box 4028,

Vineyard Haven MA 02568 (1446)


Worldwide Books of Mounted

Singles by country. Pre 1941 to

2000’s. Some sets available. Many

books with issues of last 10 years.

State interests. Howard Mundt, 415

N Lenfesty, Marion IN 46952 (1450)


DISCOUNT 66 2/3% from Current

Scott. Send APS# to Robert

Ducharme, C.P. 592, St. Jerome, QC

J7Z 5V3, Canada (1447)

US AND WORLDWIDE. See it before

you buy it. Philatelic Friends, Box

802, Bear, DE 19701 (1442)

US AND WORLDWIDE. Great prices

beginner to advanced. Sets and

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Personal Service, Global sets &

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Strong collections, Pick @ 50% All

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AKM PO Box 30010, Mesa, AZ

85275 kenstampneb@cox.net

www.akmstamps.com (1447)





www.dickkeiser.com (1439)


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www.dickkeiser.com (1439)

www.triple-sonline.com 25,000



BOYS TOWN invites donations of

U.S. and foreign stamp collections,

coins, currency, and mint U.S.

postage. Help us help kids! Leon

Myers Stamp Center, 13628

Flanagan Blvd., Boys Town, NE

68010. Email stampcenter@

boystown.org Phone 402-498-1143




mounted in books with advanced





Lawrence J Mozian

PO Box 5774

Williamsburg, VA 23188

E-mail lmozian@cox.net

Phone (757) 220-2007

Serving philatelists since 1901

Our website is finally up and running

PO Box 8689 Cranston, RI 02920

Phone: 888 262 5355 (Toll Free)

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Index of Advertisers

Amos Media—www.linns.com

—www.amosadvantage.com 88

Antonio M. Torres

—www.antoniotorres.com 85

APS Estate Advice

—www.stamps.org/Estate-Advice 86

Argyll Etkin Limited

—www.argyll-etkin.com 85

Auktionshaus Christoph Gärtner GmbH & Co.

KG—www.auktionen-gaertner.de 80

Carries & Locals Society

—www. pennypost.org 33

Champion Stamp Co.

—www.championstamp.com 42-43

Century Stamps

—www.century-stamps.com 82

CK Stamps —www.CKstamps.com 86

Colonial Stamp

www.colonialstamps.com 85

Columbian Stamp Company

—www.columbianstamp.com 86

Daniel F. Kelleher Auctions

—www.kelleherauctions.com 5, 8-9

Davidson’s Stamp Service

—www.newstampissues.com 86

D&P Stamps —www.dpstamps.com 85

Delcampe —www.delcampe.com 16

Denali Stamp Co.

—www.denalistamps.com 86

Deveney Stamp

—www.deveneystamps.com 85

Don S. Cal —www.DonSCal.com 85

Dutch Country Auctions

—ww.DutchCountryAuctions.com 73

Dr. Robert Friedman & Sons

—www.drbobfriedmanstamps.com 11

E.S.J. van Dam, Ltd.

—www.canadarevenuestamps.com 86

ebay —www.ebay.com/philately 71

Eric Jackson— www.ericjackson.com 89

Frank Bachenheimer

—www.astampdealer4u.com 86

Gary J. Lyon (Philatelist) Ltd.

www.garylyon.com 19

Gary Posner, Inc.

— www.garyposnerinc.com 59

Gregg Nelson Stamps

— www.greggnelsonstamps.com 86

Guernsey Post/Guernsey Stamps

www.guernseystamps.com 10

Haiti Philatelic Society

— www.haitiphilately.com 13

HB Philatelics

— www.hbphilatelics.com 84

Hipstamp — www.hipstamp.com


Hugh Wood Inc. Insurance

— www.hughwood.com 90

India and States

—www.indiaandstates.com 84

James E. Lee — www.jameslee.com 92

J.R. Mowbray, Ltd.

—www.mowbrays.co.nz 86

Jon Krupnick 86

Kay & Co. — www.kaystamps.com 10

Kelleher & Rogers, Ltd.

— www.kelleherasia.com 5, 8-9

Nieser Stamp and Coin

—www.kennieser.com 84

Laurence L. Winum 83

Lawrence J. Mozian

— www.mozianstamps.com 84

Markest Stamps—www.markest.com 1

Martin Winter 85

Michael Eastick & Associates Pty. Ltd.

— www.michaeleastick.com 86

Miller’s Stamp Company

— www.millerstamps.com 86

Mountainside Stamps, Coins & Currency—

— www.mountainsidestamps.com 10

Mystic Stamp Company

— www.mysticstamp.com C2, 3

New England Stamp

— www.NewEnglandStamp.com 86

Noble Spirit — www.noblespirit.com 65

Palo Albums Inc. — www.paloalbums.com 93

Paradise Valley Stamp Company, Cornerstamp,

Inc.—www.stamp-one.com 80

Patricia A. Kaufmann

—www.trishkaufmann.com 78

Penny Black Stamp Company

—www.pennyblackstamp.com 83, 86


— www.philasearch.com 7

Posta Faroe Islands

— www.stamp.fo 32

Postal Stationery.com

— www.postalstationery.com 83

Randy Scholl Stamp Co. Have Tongs Will Travel

— www.randyschollstampcompany.com/



Rasdale Stamp Company

— wwwrasdalestamps.com 83

Rising Sun Stamps

— www.risingsunstamps.com 69

Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries, Inc.

— www.siegelauctions.com 86

Rocky Mountain Philatelic Library

— http://rmplauctions.org 80, 86

Rubber Stamps —shop.wcp-nm.com 86

Scott A. Shaulis

— www.shaulisstamps.com 86

Space Cover Store

— www.spacecoverstore.com 86

Stampbay, Inc. — www.stampbay.com 86

Stanley Gibbons Auction House

—auctions.stanleygibbons.com 17

Stephen T. Taylor

— www.stephentaylor.co.uk 84

Steve Malack Stamps

— www.malack.com 16

Sterling Stamp

—auction.sterlingstamps.com 85

Suburdan Stamp 86

Tropical Stamps, Inc.

— www.tropicalstamps.com 86

United States Postal Service

— www.USPS.com 79

Universal Philatelic Auctions



Vance Auctions Ltd

—www.vanceauctions.com 69

Vogt Stamps —www.vogtstamps.com 86

Westpex —www.westpex.org 19

This index is included to help readers find advertisers

included in this edition of The American Philatelist. The

support of these dealers and services is very important to

the APS and to The AP. Advertising is a privilege of membership

and each business represented here is a member in

good standing of the Society. Some postal organizations,

like the U.S. Postal Service, are not directly members, but

are afforded the opportunity to advertise because of their

standing, reputation and impact on the hobby. Advertising

is open to any member of the American Philatelic Society.

For any advertiser that maintains a website, that web

About the Index of Advertisers

address is listed with their information above. Additionally,

the online version of the journal includes clickable links

for each of these companies and individuals. These links

make visiting the advertisers’ websites easy and avoids the

possibility of mistyping the web address from these listings.

As you interact with these advertisers, please tell them

you saw their ad in The American Philatelist and let them

know that you appreciate their support of the journal and

the hobby in general.


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Show Time


The “Show Time” Calendar features a list of

upcoming shows and APS events (shown in

green). To obtain a listing, please submit a “Show

Time” form, available online at www.stamps.org/

Show-Calendar or by mail from APS headquarters.

Information must be received 60 days before

desired publication time.

The listings are free to World Series of Philately

and other shows that are sponsored by an APS

chapter or affiliate. Other shows/bourses may

purchase listings for the month of the show/

bourse and the month prior only. The listing fee

is $25 per show per issue. Shows designated *B*

are bourse only.

Grand award winners from *WSP* shows

(shown in blue) are eligible for the annual APS

World Series of Philately Champion of Champions

competition. Visit www.stamps.org/Show-

Calendar for a complete listing of shows and APS


Pennsylvania January 5

APS Virtual Course: Philatelic Research: Best

Practices and Best Resources, Part 1 American

Philatelic Society, Educational Offering. *APS*

Email: education@stamps.org

Website: stamps.org/learn/c3a-online-learning

Pennsylvania January 12

APS Virtual Course: Philatelic Research: Best

Practices and Best Resources, Part 2 American

Philatelic Society, Educational Offering. *APS*

Email: education@stamps.or

Website: stamps.org/learn/c3a-online-learning

Indiana January 16-17

Indiana Stamp Show Ann Arbor Stamp Club,

Northside Events & Social Club, 2100 E. 71st

Street, Lawrence. *B*

Contact: Rusty Shoaf

Email: rusty.shoaf@rshoaf.com

Pennsylvania January 19

APS Virtual Course: Philatelic Research: Best

Practices and Best Resources, Part 3 American

Philatelic Society, Educational Offering. *APS*

Email: education@stamps.org

Website: stamps.org/learn/c3a-online-learning

Florida January 22-24

Virtual Sarasota National Stamp Exhibition Sarasota

Philatelic Club, Philatelic and Literature

Exhibits & Seminars *WSP*

Contact: Liz Hisey

Email: lizhisey@comcast.net

Website: www.sarasotastampclub.com/


Pennsylvania February 1

APS Virtual Course: Pressing Issues: An Introduction

to Printing Types, Part 1 American Philatelic

Society, Educational Offering. *APS*

Email: education@stamps.org

Website: stamps.org/learn/c3a-online-learning

Michigan February 13-14

Ferndale Stamp Show Birmingham Stamp

Club, Royal Oak Elks Lodge # 1523, 2410 E.

Fourth Street, Royal Oak. *B*

Contact: Fred Como

Email: karate1dad@netscape.net

Pennsylvania February 15

APS Virtual Course: Pressing Issues: An Introduction

to Printing Types, Part 2 American Philatelic

Society, Educational Offering. *APS*

Email: education@stamps.org

Website: stamps.org/learn/c3a-online-learning

Louisiana February 26-27

2021 New Orleans Stamp Show Pontchartrain

Center, 4545 Williams Blvd, Kenner. *B*

Contact: Eric White

Email: ericwhitegypsymoth@yahoo.com

Website: ccsc.nola@org

Nebraska February 28

LINPEX 2021 Lincoln Stamp Club, College View

Adventist Church, 4801 Prescott Ave, Lincoln.

Contact: Dale Niebuhr

Email: dale.niebuhr@gmail.com

Website: www.lincolnstampclub.org



Virtual Willamette Valley Stamp Exhibition

Greater Eugene Stamp Society and Salem Stamp


Contact: George Struble

Email: gstruble@willamette.edu

Website: www.salemstampsociety.org/WVExh1.


Pennsylvania March 1

APS Virtual Course: Pressing Issues: An Introduction

to Printing Types, Part 3 American

Philatelic Society, Educational Offering. *APS*

Email: education@stamps.org

Website: stamps.org/learn/c3a-online-learning

Ohio March 6-7

McKinley Club Stamp Show McKinley Stamp

Club of Canton OH, St. George Serbian Orthodox

Social Hall, 4667 Applegrove St. NW, North


Contact: Dave Pool

Email: lincolnway@sssnet.com

Website: http://www.mksc.webs.com

Pennsylvania March 8

APS Virtual Course: Getting the Most Out of the

Scott Catalogue, Part 1 American Philatelic

Society, Educational Offering. *APS*

Email: education@stamps.org

Website: stamps.org/learn/c3a-online-learning

Illinois March 13-14

Rockford 2-3-4 Stamp Expo Rockford Stamp

Club, Forest Hilla Lodge, 1601 West Lane Rd,


The APS Events Calendar (aps.buzz/

Calendar) remains fairly sparse as COVIDrelated

restrictions continue, but is regularly

updated with cancellations and postponed

show dates. We encourage readers to stay

updated on the status of future shows. This

is an opportunity for stamp clubs to consider

how they can gather safely for events and

meetings by using video conferencing tools

like Zoom or GoToMeeting. To see how the

APS is meeting this challenge, visit stamps.

org/news and check the “Video” tab for

recent recordings of APS Stamp Chats and

register to attend future Chats.

We are happy to offer our expertise and

the APS video conferencing platforms to help

clubs connect. For more information, please

reach out to APS Community-Grassroots

Specialist Heidi Lauckhardt-Rhoades for

more information at heidi@stamps.org.

Loves Park.

Contact: Tim Wait

Email: t.wait@comcast.net

Website: http://www.rockfordstampclub.com

Pennsylvania March 15

APS Virtual Course: Getting the Most Out of the

Scott Catalogue, Part 2 American Philatelic

Society, Educational Offering. *APS*

Email: education@stamps.org

Website: stamps.org/learn/c3a-online-learning

Website: http://www.mksc.webs.com

Missouri March 19-21

St. Louis Stamp Expo, Area Clubs, St. Louis

Renaissance Airport Hotel, 9801 Natural Bridge

Rd., St. Louis. *WSP*

Contact: Mike Peter

Website: http://www.stlstampexpo.org

Washington March 27-28

Apple Blossom Inland Empire Philatelic

Society, Eagles, 16801 E. Sprague Ave., Spokane

Valley. *B*

Contact: J Wilson Palmer


Website: http://www.ieps-stamps.com

The Gold Standard in


the hobby’s premier dealer

of revenue stamps since 1975

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P.O. Box 728 • Leesport PA 19533-0728

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Online: www.ericjackson.com

Established 1914


2020 Jackson ad for December AP.indd 1 10/18/2020 5:25:23 PM

Books & Catalogs

BY Gary Wayne Loew


Generally Speaking – All 33 columns,

plus a few philatelic words from

Keller by Lawrence Block. 286

pages, 6 x 9 inches, published by LB

Productions, January 7, 2020. Available

from amazon.com in print, audiobook

and eBook formats.

Philatelic columnists have long collected their writings

in books and thus revealed their writings to broader audiences.

Some of these writers wrote columns of lasting interest

and the resulting books remain in demand. The most

notable of these, perhaps, is Herman Herst, Jr., whose books

The Best of Herst’s Outbursts and Nassau Street recount the

philatelic scene of the mid-20th century. Although written

in the moment, Herst’s collected columns represent a

charming history of the period. Other authors write columns

that are intended to serve as educational guides for

collectors. Some retain their value retrospectively while

other such columns are dated.

But sometimes a philatelic columnist comes along and

simply shares their individual collecting experiences as a

month-to-month stream of personal vignettes. One such

author is Lawrence Block, the internationally acclaimed

mystery writer. Block is also the author of many nonfiction

books on writing as well as a writer-in-residence at Newberry

College in South Carolina.

Lawrence Block collected stamps as a child, stopped,

and resumed his collecting as an adult. Most of us can relate

to that philatelic evolution. Block returned to collecting in

the 1990s and, as the first decade of the new millennium

drew to a close, found himself writing a monthly column

for Linn’s Stamp News. I almost said a “stamp column,” but

that is not quite right. Although he writes about stamps,

Block’s writings are more about collecting. More specifically,

about his collecting. There was no particular theme to

the columns and that is reflected best by the column’s title,

“Generally Speaking.”

Block’s string of columns lasted for nearly three years,

until he ran out of motivation to continue his musings.

There were a total of 33 columns and in 2019 he assembled

them into an eponymous book, the eponym being to the

column’s name and not the author’s.

Many of you will know Block best (or solely) as the

author of the Keller series of novels. Keller is the assassinfor-hire

who is also a dedicated stamp collector. I would

hope that we don’t relate well to Keller via his vocation, but

his avocation renders Keller as someone that we can understand.

There are five novels and one novella in the “Keller’s

Greatest Hits” (if you’ll excuse the expression) series: Hit

Man, Hit List, Hit Parade, Hit & Run, Hit Me, and Keller’s

Fedora. Block thought it appropriate to include vignettes

from each of the novels in “Generally Speaking.”

Keller’s development as a stamp collector seems remarkably

similar to Block’s own philatelic evolution. But while

Block eventually stopped collecting and sold his many

stamp albums, Keller has remained doggedly devoted to

his collecting. At one point, Keller had considered retiring

from his rather stressful career. But once he caught the

collecting bug, he decided to continue his profession as a

means to afford slaking his philatelic passions.

If one were seeking to learn about philately, perhaps

one would not think to turn first to “Generally Speaking.”

That might be a mistake. Stamp collecting centers around

gaining knowledge and then buying wisely. But every hobbyist

understands the self-actualization and fulfillment that

arises from time spent with the hobby. Reading Block’s 33

columns will reaffirm why we do what we do. Oh, and you

might also pick up a few pointers about gaining knowledge

and buying wisely. Of equal importance, you might learn

how to avoid not buying wisely.

The book begins with Keller walking into a stamp store


and deciding to become a collector. Block then moves on

to his narratives about collecting. These columns are a

delightful blend of strictly autobiographical philosophizing

and tutorial sessions. Block collects worldwide ending

with 1940. He strives to fill all the spaces in his albums,

not spending foolishly (most of the time), upgrading to

stamps in better condition, and coping with the challenges

of “album bulge.” He shares with us his debates over which

countries to concentrate on, when to collect major or minor

varieties, mint vs. used, condition, gum, hinges vs. mounts,

and other philatelic nuances.

Block speaks about his world travels with his wife and

how they try – often with success – to visit local post offices

and get a canceled stamp for their “littlest stamp album.”

He uses the vehicle of an imaginary classroom to illustrate

the historical relevance and semiotics of several countries.

His “students” ask both penetrating and naïve questions;

Block the professor always has sage answers.

Perhaps many of you had the opportunity to read these

columns as they originally appeared in Linn’s. I submit

that it is worthwhile to reread the collected columns as an

entity. In addition to understanding the mind of Keller, the

philatelist/assassin, you will gain insight into the evolution

of the real-world philatelist, Lawrence Block. You might

also learn a bit about your own philatelic journey. You will

definitely learn why Keller named his daughter Jenny.

There are six Keller vignettes in Generally Speaking.

By the time the book ended with the sixth vignette, I knew

which actor I wanted to portray Keller in the hoped-for

movie. I recommend that you buy the book and decide for

yourself who that actor should be. You will also grow to

understand more about being a stamp collector: the why

and the how of the pleasure we experience. Generally Speaking

is quite simply a delightful read.

Our Unique Newsletter


$5 • Free To Clients

James E. Lee's

Volume XXII No. 3

Fall 2020

Whole No. 95


Special Fall Edition

Please email

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Biweekly Email


packed with




10c Lincoln, Orange-red and Black

die essays on green veined marbled

white ivory card. This is the first time

since about 1990 that these have been

publicly offered. Originally sold by

the Nassau Stamp Company as part of

the Earl of Crawford collection. They

then passed through the Juhring and

then Lopez collections. The catalog is

decades behind. (EP95-04)

$3,000.00 each

63 – Great Central Fair Apr 12, 1864

Clear strike of CDS ties 1¢ blue (63), Straight edge at

top and with part of adjoining stamp at bottom, on red

Great Central Sanitary Fair illustrated cover to local

Philadelphia street address, with original printed enclosure

of a Resolution of the Executive Committee. One

cent franking pays the printed matter rate. Illustrated

in “The United States 1¢ Franklin 1861-1867” by Don

Evans on page 290, fig. 14-60. With 1985 P.F. certificate.

A gem! Ex-Morris (PH95-01) $2,750.00

P.O. Box 3876 • Oak Brook, IL 60522-3876

79-E30o Spencer Patent Imperforate Singles

3c “Rainbow” plate essays, imperforate

on wove paper. $150.00 each

Phone: (847) 910-6048

Email: jim@jameslee.com


James E. Lee’s Philately • Whole No. 95 • 1

The 96th edition of our full-color quarterly

newsletter will be mailed on Friday, January

8th, 2021. Everyone can freely view the

latest issue on our HOME PAGE!

It always features special offers

from our vast inventory.


63 – Strip of three – Philadelphia, Aug. 18. 1863

To Captain A. L. Case, Fleet Captain, “Flagship Minnesota”, Norfolk,

Va. The USS Minnesota was a wooden steam frigate, flagship for the

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron. Ex-Emerson, Grunin $700.00

P.O. Box 3876 • Oak Brook, IL 60522-3876

Call: (847) 910-6048

Email: jim@jameslee.com


New World Issues

BY William Silvester

ARMENIA – Armenian Cultural Heritage

A wave of Armenians moved to Singapore from Malacca, Penang, Java, Madras and Calcutta in the

1820s and 1830s. In tribute to Armenian cultural heritage around the world, this stamp was issued on

September 17, 2020, depicting the facade of the Saint Gregory the Illuminator Church in Singapore.

Inscribed in English and Armenian, the stamp was issued in sheetlets of 10, printed by Cartor, France.

The church is the oldest standing building in Singapore, built in 1835, and considered the most famous

masterpiece of Irish architect George Coleman. The surrounding tropical gardens contains a

small cemetery where prominent 19th and 20th century Singapore Armenians rest. The stamp is

available online from: https://aps.buzz/ArmeniaJan21.

AUSTRIA – 125 Years of Swarovski

Czech-born Austrian glass cutter and jeweler, Daniel Swarovski, patented an electric cutting machine in

1892 to facilitate the production of lead crystal jewelry, which previously had been cut by hand. He emigrated

to Austria in 1895 to partner with Armand Kosmann and Franz Weis to form A. Kosmann, D. Swarovski &

Co. They built a crystal-cutting factory in Wattens, Tyrol, where they had access to local hydroelectricity for

the energy-intensive grinding processes. Even today Swarovski crystals are known for their extraordinary

radiance. Austria issued a €4.30 commemorative stamp on July 18, 2020, printed by offset with silver foil and

available from: https://aps.buzz/AustriaJan21.


Croatian Post Ltd. Mostar issued four commemorative stamps in a sheet

of eight on November 1, 2020, featuring butterflies native to the territory

of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Designed by Ernesto Markota, the 2,90 BAM

stamps show diurnal butterflies, endangered due to the disappearance of

their habitats as traditional livestock farming decreases. The insects include

the common Yellow-banded skipper (Pyrgus sidae Esper); the Dalmatian

argus (Proterebia afra dalmata) found near Buško Jezero lake; Freyer`s

Purple Emperor (Apatura metis Freyer) from northern Bosnia near Srbac;

and Assmann’s fritillary (Melitaea britomartis Assmann), first recorded

near Vještić Gora. These stamps and accompanying material may be purchased

online at www.epostshop.ba.

GERMANY – 50 Years of Tatort

Tatort (meaning “Crime Scene”) is a German television series that has been running continuously

since 1970, making it the longest-running German TV drama. In each episode, different

detectives in different cities attempt to solve a murder case. Issued by Deutschepost in

panes of 10 on November 2, 2020, the image on the moisture activated €0.80 stamp is from

the opening credits of the show over a test pattern. The stamp is the latest in the German TV

Legends series and can be purchased online at: https://aps.buzz/GermanyJan21.

GIBRALTAR – 2020 Definitive Set

An increase in postal rates for Gibraltar on June 1, 2020, necessitated

the issuing of a new definitive set. The set is color coded with the crest of

Her Majesty’s Government of Gibraltar, the version adopted in 2014, as the

main feature. The design combines the coat of arms of Her Majesty’s Government

above that of Gibraltar, consisting of an escutcheon and a threetowered

castle above a hanging golden key symbolizing Great Britain’s possession

of The Rock since 1704. Designed by Stephen Perera, the set ranges

from 12p to £4 and is available online from https://post.gi/shop/.


SOUTH KOREA – 100th Anniversary of the Death of Martyr Yu Gwansun

To mark the 100th anniversary of the death of Yu Gwansun (December 16, 1902 – September 28, 1920),

known as Korea’s Joan of Arc, a single 380 won stamp was issued on September 28, 2020. Also known as Ryu

Gwan-sun, the teenaged girl was a Korean independence activist and organizer of what would become known

as the March 1st Movement against Imperial Japanese colonial rule of Korea. Though a peaceful demonstration,

it led to her arrest, torture and death at the hands of the Japanese occupiers, resulting in her martyrdom

for Korea’s fight for independence. The design on the stamp shows part of the shrine built in her honor at

Byeongcheon-myeon, after Korea finally achieved independence in 1945. The stamp can be found online at


MARSHALL ISLANDS – Race to the White House

The 2020 United States presidential election was still to be held when Marshall Islands issued

a set of three sheetlets of four $2 stamps to commemorate the event on October 16, 2020.

Staying as non-partisan as possible, the sheetlets gave equal time to all candidates, showing

each an equal number of times with separate views of the White House prominent in the selvage.

One sheet depicts the two Democrats, former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. and U.S.

Senator Kamala D. Harris with two different photographs; a second sheet shows two views

each of President Donald J. Trump and VP Michael R. Pence; the third sheetlet (shown here)

features all four candidates with former VP Biden and Senator Harris on the left and President

Trump and VP Pence on the right side of the sheetlet. Readers will note one faux pas: the party

logo and names are placed under the opposing candidates. The stamps are available from the

Marshall Islands exclusive philatelic agent at: https://www.igpc.com/thumbs.cfm

SPAIN - Urban Architecture -

Atlético de Madrid stadium

Spain has begun a new series of stamps dedicated to urban

architecture with the latest issue reviewing five stadiums

that have served Madrid since 1903. Issued in panes of nine

with a history of the stadiums and important dates in the top

selvage, the design of the €2 stamp features an aerial view of

the entire stadium with the red and white colors of Atlético

de Madrid in the background. The stadium has an unusual

design, constructed at different heights rather than horizontally

giving it a wave-like appearance. The roof covers 96% of

the 68,000 spectators, prioritizing safety, comfort, and space

over large crowds. The stamp is available from https://aps.



Women in Peacekeeping

“Women in Peacekeeping: A Key to

Peace” is the theme of a pane of 10 $1.20

(U.S.) stamps issued to pay tribute to

United Nations uniformed and civilian

personnel on the International Day of

United Nations Peacekeepers, May 29,

2020. The five designs are used twice on

the sheetlet and feature images of worldwide

UN peacekeeping services. The tab

showing the UN logo can be personalized.

2020 also marks the 20th anniversary

of the UN Security Council Resolution

on Women, Peace and Security. The

sheetlet can be found online at https://


• • • • •

New worldwide stamps are presented for information and are not necessarily shown at the correct scale. The quality of images available

at the time of release varies widely and we resize to achieve the best possible reproduction.



in a Nutshell

BY BOB LAMB • AP Columnist


(Malagasy Republic)

Status: Presidential Republic

Population: 26,955,737 (2020 est.)

Area: 226,658 sq. miles

Currency: 5 iraimbilanja = 1 ariary. (US$1 = 4000 ariary)

Madagascar is an island about the size of Texas off the southeast

coast of Africa. It was settled largely by migration from Indonesia.

There were short-lived British and French coastal settlements

before the island became a haunt for pirates in the late 17th century.

Madagascar consisted of numerous unconnected settlements until

the early 19th century, when Radama I, a reform-minded chief in Antananarivo,

sought British help in modernizing his country. The British

recognized him as “King of Madagascar.” Among his reforms was the

establishment of a royal mail service.

In 1840, the French established a naval base on the island of Nossi Be (Nosy Be) off Madagascar’s

western coast. This was the main transit hub for mail until 1882 when a monthly steamer

service was set up from Tamatave (Toamasina) to Réunion. The maritime office in Tamatave received

mail from the French Consulate in Antananarivo. After 1859, this service used French stamps, and after

1864, French Colonies stamps.

In 1883, when the ruler of northern Madagascar refused to accede to French protection, the French invaded.

As a result, they acquired Diego Suarez where they built a naval base in 1885. France had previously

established coastal enclaves in Nossi Be (1840) and Ste Marie de Madagascar island (1750). The three enclaves

had post offices and briefly issued stamps. They were integrated into Madagascar in 1896.

The French invasion disrupted regular mail operations. As a result, in May 1883 the British Consulate

arranged for the French to transport their mail. For use by this service, the British

Consul in 1884 began selling locally printed stamps inscribed British Consular

Mail or BCM. These stamps were discontinued in 1888 when the national Post and Telegraph service was

opened in Antananarivo. From January to September 1895, the British operated a local mail service from

Antananarivo to Natal, via the port of Vantomanry. For this, they produced 13 stamps inscribed British

Inland Mail Madagascar.

In 1894, the Norwegian consulate authorized a postal service for its missionaries. Four stamps were

produced locally, inscribed N.M.S. (for Norwegian Missionary Society). Their use was discontinued in

1896 when Madagascar was annexed by France.

On June 29, 1891, six locally produced values - the first Malagasy stamps - were released. By 1894,

twelve government post offices were operating country-wide. On February 28, 1897, Madagascar became

a French colony.

During World War II, French officials in Madagascar were loyal to the Vichy

government. British and South African forces occupied the island in September

1942. After Gaullist forces arrived in January 1943, “Free French” overprints

were placed on sale.

France established an autonomous “Malagasy Republic” in 1958. On June 26,

1960 it became independent. In 1993, its name was changed to the Republic of


Upon independence, Madagascar used the CFA Franc. In 1963, it adopted the

Malagasy franc. In 2003, the ariary became the official currency. Since that time, its

stamps show both currencies. The ariary is fixed at 5 Malagasy Francs (FMG).


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Ohio, Michigan,

Randy Scholl Stamp Co.

Kentucky, Indiana,

7460 Jager Court

Tennessee, West Virginia, Cincinnati, OH 45230

Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Phone: 513-624-6800

New York, or Ontario randyscholl@fuse.net

New England randyschollstampcompany.com


Dr. Robert Friedman & Sons

Northern Florida, Phone: 800-588-8100

Southern Florida, Fax: 630-985-1588

or Texas:



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Arizona, Oregon, P.O. Box 3364

or Washington: Newport Beach, CA 92659

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North Carolina,

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Randall T. Scribner

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Missouri, New Mexico, Phone: 515-331-4307

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