08022021 - Gunmen on rampage in Kaduna, Delta, Taraba, FCT


Vanguard Newspaper 08 February 2021

CBN gov,

Itsekiri, CAN,

PFN mourn

Okowa’s father

Herders crisis: Act now to avert

civil war, Soyinka tells Buhari

COVID-19: Nigeria can’t afford

another lockdown —ATEDO PETERSIDE

12 30




end grievances

in S-East




VOL. 27: NO. 64266 MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021

ong>Gunmenong> on rampage in

Kaduna, Delta, Taraba, FCT

• Kill 20, injure many, raze houses in Kaduna, Delta

attacks•Herdsmen kidnap female farmer in Delta; she’s missing —

POLICE•Kidnap Taraba NLC chairman; 4 others in FCT after 3-

hour operation•How our colleague was murdered —IMO NBA



Nigerians are

afraid to


vaccine, by


Kaigama 8


ban’s to





—CBN 8

Low level of financial

knowledge threatens 33.6m



…48% of economic

growth prospect

under threat


advocates business

support services

•Formal education

not same as

financial literacy









warfare on




Mr & Mrs

2 — Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021

Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021 — 3

4 — Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021

Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021—5


CONDOLENCE VISIT—Akwa Ibom State Governor, Mr Udom Emmanuel

(middle) flanked by his wife, Dr Martha Emmanuel, welcoming Bayelsa State

Governor, Sen. Douye Diri, on his arrival during a funeral ceremony in honour

of the first indigenous Military Governor of Akwa Ibom State, Air

Commodore Idongesit Nkanga (Retd), at the deceased's country home, Ikot

Nya, Nsit Ibom LGA, over the weekend

ong>Gunmenong> on rampage in

Kaduna, Delta, Taraba, FCT

•Kill 20, injure many, raze houses in Kaduna, Delta attacks•Herdsmen

kidnap female farmer in Delta, She’s missing — POLICE•Kidnap

Taraba NLC chairman; 4 in FCT after 3-hour operation•How our

colleague was murdered in Imo —NBA

By Jimitota

Onoyume, Chinonso

Alozie, Ibrahim

Haasan & Ochuko



high level of

insecurity in

the country festered

weekend as no fewer

than 20 persons were

killed by bandits, while

several others were


While 19 persons were

killed in Birni-Gwari and

Kajuru Local

Government areas of

Kaduna State, a mobile

policeman was killed in

Warri, Delta State, with

his rifle taken away by

his assailants.

Similarly, chairman of

Taraba State chapter of

the Nigeria Labour

Congress, Peter Jediel,

was abducted by

gunmen from his

Sunkani residence, in

the headquarters of

Ardo-Kola Local

Government Area, just as

four persons were also

kidnapped in their

residences in Federal

Capital Territory, FCT,

after a three-hour


In the Kaduna attacks,

14 of the victims were

killed by the outlaws at

Kutemeshi village in

Birnin-Gwari LGA on

Saturday night, while

five were killed in

Kajuru LGA same day.

Several others who

sustained gunshot

wounds are currently

receiving treatment in


Kaduna State

Commissioner for

Internal Security and

Home Affairs, Samuel

Aruwan, who confirmed

the attacks, listed those

killed in Birnin Gwari

LGA to include Malam

Sani Barume, Yahaya

Bello, Amadu Dan

Korau, Samaila Niga,

Jamilu Haruna, Lawal

Majiya and Dan Malam


Others were Dauda

Kafinta, Hassan Mai

Makani, Bashir Haruna,

Lawal Ali, Mu’azu

Haruna, Mai Unguwa

Sa’adu and Harisu Bako

He said some shops

were looted with

valuable items carted

away by the attackers

during the operation.

Aruwan, who also

noted that several

houses and a church

were burnt and

warehouses stocked with

building materials

looted, listed Bulus

Jatau, Hanatu

Emmanuel, Bitrus Tuna,

Yohanna Mika, and

Monday Ayuba as those

killed by the bandits at

Kujeni village in Kajuru

LGA, while two others

were injured.

Aruwan further stated

that some of the injured

had been moved to a

neighbouring state

closer to Kutemeshi for

urgent medical

attention, while others

were in transit to an

orthopaedic hospital in


El-Rufai orders

relief materials

for affected


Meanwhile, Governor

Nasir El-Rufai, who had

been monitoring the

security situation at the

various locations since

Saturday, has expressed

sadness over the attacks.

The governor, who

condoled families that

lost their loved ones,

offered prayers for the

repose of their souls and

a speedy recovery for the


He further directed the

Kaduna State

E m e r g e n c y

Management Agency to

urgently provide relief

materials to the affected



killed in Delta

In Warri, Delta State,

gunmen weekend shot

dead a policeman

around NPA area and

disappeared with his


Spokesman of Delta

State police command,



Onovwakpoyeya, who

confirmed the killing,

said efforts are on to

arrest those behind the


Vanguard gathered

that the gunmen got

close to the mobile

policeman who was on

the road-side and

opened fire on him.

They went straight for

his rifle after he slumped

and thereafter, sped off

in a waiting vehicle.

The sad incident

caused panic in the area

as eye-witnesses

scampered for safety at

the sound of gunshots.


kidnap female

farmer in Delta

Also in Obiaruku in

Delta State, suspected

herdsmen reportedly

kidnapped a female

farmer, Mrs. Joy

Osamezu, in her farm at

Ukwuani Local

Government Area, Delta


Though the


surrounding the kidnap

were hazy at press time,

sources said she was

abducted on Saturday

while working in the

farmland across River


“The kidnappers are

using the woman’s

number to call one

contact in Obiaruku,

speaking Hausa, so they

went for who to interpret

for them,” a source who

craved anonymity said.

Contacted, Police

Public Relations Officer

of the state command,

Onome Onovwakpoye,

said: “The person is

missing. She went to

farm on Saturday and

she has not returned.”

Meanwhile, the BOT

chairman of Ukwuani

Community Youth

Leaders, Comrade

Marcus Enudi, has

lamented what he

described as the

continued kidnapping of

Ukwuani women on their

farms at Obiaruku by

suspected herdsmen.

He called on the state

government to station a

team of “Delta Hawk” in

Ukwuani Local

Government Area to

check the criminal

activities of the

herdsmen in the area.

“The continuous cases

of kidnapping is

overwhelming and may

lead to crises in the area,

if not nipped in the bud.

“Our women cannot

Continues on Page 27

By Providence


On appointment of ex-service chiefs as ambassadors (1)



wants to be with their

old caucus irrespective of

their ability to maintain

the posts given to them. I’m

against this because there

are other people,

especially youths, who are

capable of doing the job.

Perhaps, govt. should stop

appointing anyone who has

failed in a previous


—Comr. Tijani Oriyomi,

Peace Ambassador

What do you expect

from a government

that kills everything about

the youth with their


They increased VAT on

chicken feed and fish feed;

stopped cryptosystem and

increased duty on imported

vehicles. They even

borrowed our pension fund

and want to dip hands in

unclaimed dividends and

dormant accounts.

—Nonso Onukwube,

Financial analyst

There are too many

secrets and so many

things going on behind

the scene in this

administration. Besides,

Buhari is a miracleworking

president. I am

confused honestly! What

exactly has he done in

the past that got people

applauding? So nothing

surprises me with this


—Smith Nmecha,


CPresident onstitutionally,


has the power and

right to give anyone

whatever post he

deems fit but going by

his past actions, many

people don't believe

he means well for

Nigeria and


—Ben Omage,

Content Creator

This government is

confused. It pays

little or no attention to

the issues on ground.

Making ex-service

chiefs ambassadors has

nothing to contribute to

the development of any

arm of government.

Someone that can’t

connect or relate with

the youth can’t do much.

—Arisa Ugochukwu,


There’s nothing this government

will not do! What has

ambassadorial position got to do

with these service chiefs at a time

when security is threatened across

the country? Nigerians clamoured

for their removal and Buhari is now

compensating them for doing

nothing. Many soldiers are losing

their lives daily in the hands of BH

and Fulani herdsmen, what did

Buhari give them? Nothing! They

can’t even complain or they would

be court-martialled.

—Segun Gabriel,


6— Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021



relief materials

to flood victims

in Delta

NATIONAL Emergency

Management Agency,

NEMA, yesterday, began

distribution of relief items to

victims of 2020 flood disaster

in Ndokwa East and

Ndokwa West Local

Government Areas of Delta.

The exercise was flagged

off at Kwale, Ndokwa West

Local Governnent Area, by

Director-General of NEMA,

Air Vice Marshal

Muhammed Mohammadu


The NEMA Edo

Operations Office had

earlier conducted an on-thespot

assessment of the

affected areas to ascertain

impact and level of

destruction of property

caused by the flood.

Some of the items

distributed included 311

bags of 12.5kg rice, 311 bags

of 25kg beans, 311 bags of

12.5kg maize, 121 kegs of

vegetable oil, 26 cartons of

tomato paste and 52 cartons

of seasoning.

Others were 622 blankets,

622 mosquito nets, 622

mattresses, 622 pieces of wax

prints cloth, 900 bundles of

zinc roofing sheets, 900 bags

of cement, 300 packets of zinc

nails and 100 bags of “3” nails.

Mohammadu, represented

by the Head of Operations,

NEMA, Edo, Mr Dahiru

Yusuf, lamented the impact of

flood in the communities and

the entire state in general.

He noted that the

distribution of the relief

materials was part of the effort

of the Federal Government to

reduce the impact of the

flood in the areas as well as

to cater for the wellbeing of

the people.

The director general urged

the beneficiaries to ensure

proper use of the items and

give credence to the federal

government’s efforts to

ameliorate the plights of

those affected by disasters.

Also speaking at the

occasion, Director, Delta State

Emergency Management

Agency, SEMA, Mr Karo

Evemoso, commended the

NEMA for the gesture.

Evesomo, represented by Mr

Daniel Okpor, Director of

Finance and Administration,

SEMA, added that the relief

materials would go a long way

in providing succour to the


He gave the assurance that

the state government would

continue to partner with

NEMA to reduce the impact

of disasters in the state.

Responding on behalf of the

communities, Rep. Nicholas

Osai, representing Ndokwa

Federal Constituency in the

House of Representatives,

commended the Federal

Government for assisting the


He thanked NEMA for

responding to the distress call

of the people and prayed for

God’s guidance and protection

for President Muhammadu


2 dead, many wounded in Osun communal


By Shina Abubakar



were reported killed, yesterday,

as the communal clash between

Erin-Osun and Ilobu communities

in Osun State that started Saturday

over land dispute escalated.

It was also gathered that about five

persons sustained gunshot injuries

in the violence between the two

neighbours situated in Irepodun

Local Government Area of the state.

Meanwhile, the state government

has declared a 24-hour curfew in

Irepodun and Orolu Local

Government Areas of the state until

further notice.

While there are allegations of

engagements of mercenaries by

both communities, the state

government, yesterday, called for

calm and implored the military to

assist to calm the situation, but it

seems both sides to the crisis are

not willing to back down

A resident of Ilobu, Bolade

Akinwale, told Vanguard that while

they were at the palace for the

monarch’s intervention in the crisis,

someone was brought in dead,

while another source also disclosed

that one person died on the Erin-

Osun side.

It was gathered that houses were

vandalised around Ire-Akari area

before the Ilobu mercenaries

repelled the attack from Erin-Osun


•Govt declares 24-hour curfew

•Army, police take over communities

Army personnel arriving the palace of Olobu to maintain peace.

Govt declares

24-hour curfew

Meanwhile, the state government

stated in a statement by its Secretary,

Prince Wole Oyebamiji, that

declaration of curfew became

necessary to douse tension in the

troubled area.

According to the statement, “It

would be recalled that only about

a few hours ago, Governor

Adegboyega Oyetola had ordered

the immediate deployment of armed

policemen with support from the

army to restore law and order. This

will subsist until further notice.

“As a responsible and responsive

government that took the sacred

oath to protect the lives and property

of our citizens, we believe that the

declaration of curfew is the way to

go in this circumstance.

“By this, security operatives have

been directed to arrest and prosecute

any person found violating the

One rescued in Lagos building collapse

By Bose Adelaja

AN adult male was,

yesterday, rescued by

emergency responders at the

scene of a collapsed building

at Elegbata Street,

Olowogbowo area, Apongbon,


The survivor was injured

following the impact of the


According to eyewitnesses’

account, the occupants of the

storey building have been

given quit notices by their

landlords to give room for the

rehabilitation of the building,

but there was a failed attempt

at controlled destruction by the

property owners which led to

the incident.

The prompt arrival of

emergency responders was

said to have prevented further

damage as the survivor was

quickly transported to a

nearby hospital.

Director-General, Lagos

State Emergency

Management Agency

LASEMA, Dr Olufemi Oke-

Osanyintolu, said the state

firefighters from Orile-

Iganmu Division, were

deployed to the scene for quick

response, while the men of

Rapid Response Squad, RRS,

from the Nigeria Police Force,

were on ground to maintain

law and order.

According to him, the entire

building was cordoned off to

avert secondary incidents,

adding: “The agency is on top

of the situation.”

The collapsed building.

curfew and those responsible for

the violence.

“All citizens and residents of the

affected local government areas are

enjoined to comply with this

directive as any person found

contravening this order shall be

made to face the wrath of the law.

“Government enjoins all our

citizens to be peaceful and to be

law-abiding as all efforts shall be

made to protect them and their


Mobs set ablaze

suspected robber

in Yola


suspected member of a

criminal gang known as

‘Shila Boys’ in Jimeta, was

burnt to death by angry mobs

for allegedly robbing and

stabbing a lady, in Yola North

Local Government Area of

Adamawa State.

Confirming the death of the

suspect, yesterday, the Police

Public Relations Officer in the

state, Sulaiman Nguroje, said

the incident occurred on

Saturday at about 7.00 p.m.

He said the corpse of the

suspect was evacuated by

Jimeta Police division, adding

that three members of the

gang were on a tricycle when

they allegedly robbed the

lady at Mubi roundabout in


“The lady (name withheld)

shouted for help and

immediately, the mob chased

the suspects, caught one of

them and set fire on him. The

other two gang members,

however, escaped,” Nguroje


He also said from January

1 to date, the state command

had recorded three jungle

justices against ‘Shila boys’

gang through mob attacks.

He said the state command

had swung into action to trace

the two suspected criminals

and the mob. He warned the

general public to desist from

taking law into their hands.

He said the command was

not happy about the

shameless attitude of some

parents, who were

supporting their children

found to be involved in

criminal activities.

Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021—7

4 dead in Abia auto crashes

By Ugochukwu


U persons, MUAHIA—FOUR

weekend, lost

their lives in two separate auto

crashes along the Enugu–Port

Harcourt expressway.

Eyewitnesses told Vanguard

that a Toyota Camry car with

number plate, SSM 49 BG, was

heading to Aba when it hit two

Zulum distributes

N80m, foodstuff to

16,000 female

returnees in




Zulum of Borno State,

yesterday, supervised the

distribution N80 million and

foodstuff to 16,000 female

returnees in Gwoza area of the


A statement by Mallam Isa

Gusau, Special Adviser to the

Governor on Public Relations

and Strategy, said Zulum, who

is on a humanitarian visit to the

area, also ordered the

reconstruction of 33 teachers’

houses affected by insurgency

in the town.

He said: “16,000 women were

each given N5,000 cash to

compliment the variety of food

items given each of them.

“The intervention is part of the

continued support to vulnerable

residents of the communities

whose means of livelihood is

affected by activities of Boko


“Gwoza came under Boko

Haram’s occupation between

2014 and 2015, with videos

showing the insurgents’ deadly

leader, Abubakar Shekau, using

Gwoza town as the sect’s

spiritual and territorial


“The military liberated the

town in the latter part of 2015.

The insurgents had, during their

stay, destroyed hundreds of

private homes and public

facilities, particularly the schools

giving the sect’s ideological

opposition to Western


He said the governor, while in

Gwoza, also supervised the

disbursement of N150 million as

soft loans and grants to small

and medium-scale traders.

Gusau said: “From the funds,

N100 million was allocated to

small and medium

entrepreneurs living within

Gwoza town, while N50 million

was allocated to similar traders

in Pulka, Izge and Limankara

towns, all in Gwoza council area.

“The governor explained that

the loan/grant, with a refundable

period of four years, is meant to

resuscitate businesses and

livelihoods destroyed by the

Boko Haram insurgents in

communities of Gwoza.

“Zulum announced that any

beneficiary that can repay 50 per

cent of his/her loans within

record time will enjoy a waiver

of the balance of 50 per cent,

while those who deliberately fail

to repay within the dateline will

be made to repay 100 per cent

of what they received as loans

and grants.”

persons on a motorcycle at

Okpuala Ngwa.

The driver of the Toyota

Camry car, who was said to be

on high speed, skidded off

the expressway and hit the

two persons who died on the


“The Toyota Camry car was

heading to Aba on high speed

while the two people killed

were on their motorcycle. The

driver of the Toyota Camry

went off the expressway and

hit the motorcycle and killed

the two people on the spot and

the car went into the bush,”

one of the eyewitnesses said.

In another crash, a Sports

Utility Vehicle, SUV, rammed

into a motorcycle at Arungwa

junction, killing the two riders

on a motorcycle.

An official of the Federal

Road Safety Commission,

FRSC, at the Arungwa

junction, who declined to have

his name in print, attributed

the crashes to over speeding

by the motorists.

At press time, efforts to get

the reaction of the Abia State

Commissioner of Police, Mrs

Janet Agbede, was

unsuccessful as she didn’t

respond to calls put across to


Bandits storm police station, kill 2, injure

3 in Imo

By Chidi Nkwopara

TWO policemen were

reportedly killed,

weekend, while three others

sustained varying degrees of

injury as bandits attacked a



Headquarters in Otoko,

Obowo Local Government

Area of Imo State.

It was gathered that while

two police officers died and

three others sustained

injuries in Otoko incident in

Imo State, the invading

bandits also lost one of their

own but succeeded in taking

his lifeless body before


A resident of Otoko

lamented that hoodlums

operating in the state were

getting bolder and very


His words: “From the way the

bandits attacked the



Headquarters, it becomes very

clear to discerning minds that

criminals operating in the

state are getting bolder and


“The bandits struck when

nobody can confidently say

that it was already dark, even

as their motive was not clear.

All I can tell you is that the

attackers were fully armed and

the shooting created palpable

fear in people. We all

scampered for safety.

“One of the stories making

the round in the area is that

the hoodlums lost one of their

members, but they quickly

recovered his body and

zoomed off in their waiting


Reacting to the incident via

a statement, the Police Public

Relations Officer, Mr Orlando

Ikeokwu, not only confirmed

the story but also affirmed that

the Commissioner of Police has

visited the scene of the crime

and evacuated the injured

officers to a more equipped

hospital for proper attention.

The PPRO said: “Given the

above, the Commissioner of

Police, Imo State, Nasiru

Mohammed, has ordered the

command's Quick Intervention

Team, QUIT, and other tactical

teams, to jointly commence an

investigation into the incident

to arrest the perpetrators of the

dastardly act.

Woman goes berserk, sets sister, 3 others on

fire over inheritance

By Evelyn Usman


woman identified simply as

Imole, allegedly set an

apartment in Idimu area of Lagos,

occupied by her sister and members

of her family on fire, over an

argument on her share of their late

father’s four rooms apartment.

Doctors at Alimosho General

Hospital were still battling to save

the lives of the victims, weekend.

It was gathered that Imole visited

her elder sister on Dupeolu Street,

Pipeline area of Idimu, last Friday,

to demand that the four rooms be

shared equally among them, but

her sister was said to have declined,

offering her one room, as she

explained that their father had other

wives whose children were also


A heated argument, according to

eyewitnesses, ensued among the

siblings, at the end of which Imole

was pacified.

However, Imole allegedly

returned to the building midnight,

tore the window net of the

apartment occupied by her sister,

husband and two children, poured

diesel and struck a stick of matches.

The shout for

help from the



residents who

managed to

rescue and

rushed them to

the hospital.

A resident,

who simply

gave his name

as Femi,

disclosed that

Imole was


unstable. He

said she fled

the scene,


she set the

apartment on



sources at

Idimu division

revealed that a

box of matches and a jerry-can

suspected to have been used by the

fleeing suspect to store the

combustive substance were

recovered at the scene.

One of the victims

Sources added that efforts were

on to arrest Imole, adding that part

of the investigation would be to carry

out a medical test to ascertain her

true mental state.

Police arrest 6 suspects over kidnapping in FCT

By Kingsley Omonobi

SIX suspects have been

arrested by operatives of

Police Command in the Federal

Capital Territory, FCT, Apo,

over alleged kidnapping.

FCT Police Public Relations

Officer, ASP Mariam Yusuf,

disclosed this, yesterday, in

Abuja that the suspects were

arrested following credible

intelligence report indicating

that they had abducted three


According to her, the suspects

were arrested by police

operatives on routine patrol,

while attempting to relocate one

of their victims.

She said further investigations

led to successful rescue of two

other victims, who identified the

suspects as kidnappers.

The PPRO said the command

had deployed covert and overt

crime fighting strategies to

strengthen security across the

FCT, especially in areas with

cumbersome terrain.

She said the command had

also launched a strategic counter

kidnapping operation to

checkmate emerging security

concerns in the territory.

Yusuf said the command was

working closely with sister

security agencies, key

stakeholders and community

leaders to rid the FCT of criminal


She called on residents to

remain calm and laws abiding,

while enjoining them to report

suspicious persons or activities

around their vicinity, to the

nearest police division.

Attack on police:


recover body of

man whisked

away in Lagos


The late Wale.

By Evelyn Usman

THE bloated body of Wale

Kalejaiye, the man that was

reported to have been whisked

away by hoodlums, who attacked

a team of policemen, last week, at

Ibeju Lekki area of Lagos, was

weekend recovered at the shore

of a beach in Magbon Segun

community within Ibeju Lekki.

Vanguard had reported last

Wednesday that hoodlums

numbering over 100 attacked

policemen attached to the

Inspector General of Police

Monitoring Team, at Ibeju Lekki,

in a bid to evade arrest.

The policemen stormed the area

last Monday to effect the arrest of

some persons said to have refused

to honour their invitation at the

Force Headquarters, Abuja, over

an ongoing investigation

bothering on land matter and

threat to life.

Late Wale, who resided in

Akodo community, was said to

have led the policemen to Iwaju

Oba Street, where some arrests

were made. While moves to arrest

others were still on, hoodlums

said to have been armed with

dangerous weapons, including

guns, swooped on the operatives.

During the attack, the hoodlums

reportedly descended on Wale

and whisked him away, while the

Police zoomed off.

Relatives tried to reach him to

no avail, until Saturday, when

news filtered round that his body

had been recovered by policemen

attached to Akodo Division.

A distraught relative of the

deceased, Jalailu Alimi, who

informed journalists of the

recovered body, said it had been

deposited in the morgue.

Alimi said: “It is a very sad

development. These people killed

my brother for nothing. This is the

most wicked thing I have seen in

my life. We got a call from the

Police at Akodo division early

morning of Saturday that they

had recovered the body. After

killing him, his assailants

dumped the body in Magbon

Segun Beach, Ibeju Lekki.“

Identities of those so far arrested

in connection with the attack were

given as Oluwo, Ayoku, Hassan

and Agbaje.

8 — Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021

:Vanguard News

:@vanguardnews :@vanguardnews NEWS HOTLINES: 08052867023, 08052867058


Secretary to the

Government of

the Federation

(SGF), Boss


(right) and Chief


Officer of the

Nigeria Export


Council, Mr.

Segun Awolowo

after a discussion

on strategies

for developing


Covid economy

through the

promotion of

non-oil export in


Herders crisis: Act now to avert civil war,

Soyinka tells Buhari •Presidency keeps mum

LAGOS — Nobel Laureate,

Prof. Wole Soyinka,

has asked President Muhammadu

Buhari to act fast

in putting a check to the activities

of herdsmen to avert

another civil war.

He also said the President’s

silence on what he described

as the illegal activities of herders

across the country showed

he was complicit.

Efforts to get the Presidency’s

reaction proved abortive,

as calls made to the

spokesmen were unreplied.

Text messages also sent to

their phones were not replied.

Soyinka, who made

the call in an interview on

BBC Pidgin, said he wondered

why the President

had failed to address the nation,

especially as the buck

stops at his desk.

He said the current situation

across the country, particularly

in the Southwest,

might develop into a civil

war. “What do they expect

of us now that the war is on

our doorstep? Of course,

there will be mobilisation

and if we keep waiting for

this to be centrally handled,

By Babajide


LAGOS — The Central

Bank of Nigeria (CBN)

yesterday said its decision to

ban the use of cryptocurrencies

in the country is to protect

Nigerians and the nation’s

financial system from

the illegal nature of such

currencies and the inherent

risks associated with them.

Recall that on Friday, the

CBN ordered banks to close

all accounts relating to crypto

currency transactions.

Following the outcry in

some quarters against the

decision, the CBN in a statement

yesterday signed by

the Acting Director, Corporate

Communications, CBN,

Osita Nwanisobi, said: “The

recent regulatory directive

became necessary to protect

the financial system and the

generality of Nigerians (including

the youth population)

from the risks inherent

in crypto assets transactions,

which have escalated

in recent times, with dire

consequences for the integrity

of the financial system

we are all going to become, if

not already slaves in our

land. That to me is personally

intolerable. It is not an acceptable


“Whatever it takes, I stand

ready to contribute in any

way and I have made my

governor understand this,

that we are here not just to

live in but to live in dignity.

Right now, our dignity is being

rubbished. My forest is

being taken over, it’s been

shrinking, my normal hunting

ground is shrinking. My

family tells me that if I go in

depth again, they will have

me institutionalised.” Soyinka

said the first solution to

the recurring menace was

for Buhari to address the nation

on the level of insecurity

and the way forward.

He noted that the President

should say openly “that yes,

I know I am the patron of the

cattle rearers association

etc., and I am a cattle rancher

myself and it is a business.

And I do not run my business

by killing people.

‘’I do not run my business

by raping, by displacing, by

torturing. I do not run my

business by occupying land

that does not belong to me

and I am warning all business

people in the food commodity,

all cattle reared, whatever

comes to you for illegal occupation

for trespassing on

other people’s property is

your business and I am ordering

the army, I am ordering

all the security forces to

back citizens’ efforts in flushing

you out.”

Soyinka said he expected

nothing else at this stage from

President Buhari than the

statement he suggested.

“It is very late already but

it is not too late. This is a language

that we expect from

President Buhari and as

much as that language does

not come, I must consider

him as quite complicit in

what is going on because the

buck stops at his desk.

“We may enter a phase of

serious skirmishes which get

more and more violent and

may develop into civil war

and a very untidy mercy

one. That’s my biggest fear.

‘’Unless action is taken… I

am very glad that the governors

are coming together

and are discussing in all seri-

Cryptocurrency ban's to protect Nigerians,

financial system — CBN

and financial stability.

“Due to the fact that cryptocurrencies

are largely

speculative, anonymous

and untraceable they are

increasingly being used for

money laundering, financing

terrorism and other criminal

activities. Small retail and unsophisticated

investors also

face high probability of loss

due to the high volatility of the

investments in recent times.”

The statement further

reads: “First, in light of the

fact that they are issued by

unregulated and unlicensed

entities, their use in Nigeria

goes against the key mandates

of the CBN, as enshrined

in the CBN Act

(2007), as the issuer of legal

tender in Nigeria. In effect,

the use of cryptocurrencies

in Nigeria are a direct contravention

of existing law.

“It is also important to

highlight that there is a critical

difference between a

Central Bank issued Digital

Currency and cryptocurrencies.

As the names imply,

while Central Banks can

issue Digital Currencies,

cryptocurrencies are issued

by unknown and unregulated


“Second, the very name

and nature of “cryptocurrencies”

suggests that its

patrons and users value anonymity,

obscurity, and

concealment. The question

that one may need to ask

therefore is, why any entity

would disguise its transactions

if they were legal.

“It is on the basis of this

opacity that cryptocurrencies

have become well-suited

for conducting many illegal

activities including

money laundering, terrorism

financing, purchase of

small arms and light weapons,

and tax evasion. Indeed,

many banks and investors

who place a high value on

reputation have been

turned off from cryptocurrencies

because of the damaging

effects of the widespread

use of cryptocurrencies

for illegal activities.

“In fact, the role of cryptocurrencies

in the purchase

of hard and illegal drugs on

the darknet website called

“Silk Road” is well known.

ousness. I’m happy they are

pulling in groups like Miyetti

Allah, obviously knocking

some sense into the head

of their leaders and they are

talking about accepting the

decision of governors and

agreeing to obey.”

Asked whether he is in

support of the action of a

Yoruba warlord, Sunday Igboho,

he said: “We’ve never

met, I hope people will always

report things properly.

I saw a byline of one media

report that Wole Soyinka

calls Igboho a hero, I never

made any such thing.

Sunday Igboho has responded

to the situation in the way

he knew how. Now you will

see that he’s trying to work

with others.

“Somebody one day reaches

an explosion point and he

says I cannot take this any

longer and he takes unilateral

action. It may be excessive,

it may be wrong but

what matters is that somebody

has responded to an

unacceptable situation.

‘’Any error which he

makes is for the rest of us to

correct by calling him and I

know that a number of people

are doing that.”

Many states in Nigeria,

and their residents, have

lamented the activities of

armed herdsmen who not

only graze their cattle on

people’s farms but also engage

in criminality like kidnap

and murder.

Governor Rotimi Akeredolu

of Ondo State recently

issued an ultimatum to

herders in Ondo forests to

leave because the forests

were being used as bases for

criminal activities.

Also, a Yoruba warlord,

Sunday Adeyemo, led residents

of Igangan in Ibarapa

area of Oyo State to evict

Fulani leaders in the area

after giving them an ultimatum.

He accused them of

harbouring the Fulani herders

who perpetrate criminality

in the area. Mr Igboho

also led a similar action

in Ogun State.

As the tension escalated,

the six governors in Southwest

states met with leaders

of Miyetti Allah cattle rearers

where they reached an

agreement to ban open grazing,

child grazing and ensure

criminals among the

herders are identified and

punished according to the law.

Rabiu urges FG to replicate

the Nigerian Sugar Devt

Council in the rice sector

COVID-19: Why Nigerians are

afraid to accept vaccine,

says Archbishop Kaigama

By Luminous


ABUJA — Catholic

Archbishop of Abuja,

His Grace Most Revd. Ignatius

Kaigama, said yesterday

that many Nigerians

were afraid to accept the

COVID-19 vaccine because

they believe the health crisis

was being manipulated

by some people.

Kaigama, who stated this

in Abuja during his homily

at St. Jude’s Parish Zuba,

however, urged Nigerians to

disregard insinuations that

the vaccine was not medically

safe and affordable.

He said: “Even though

many today will seriously

question facts about COVID-

19 and fear that there is

manipulation by some people,

we know that the disease

is real. “People very dear to

us have died of coronavirus

disease. There is no doubt

that our world is currently

sick, ravaged by the COV-

ID-19 pandemic.

“The fear today is that the

menace of Coronavirus will

continue to be with us for a

long time, and so we need to

Airport security: MMA2 imports

X-ray machines, upgrades

air conditioning system

LAGOS — Nigeria’s flag

ship privately operated

airport terminal, Murtala

Muhammed Airport Terminal

2, MMA2, Lagos is embarking

on a massive upgrading

of its X-ray machine and

air conditioning systems for

passengers safety, security

and comfort.

The terminal, managed

by Wale Babalakin’s Bi-

Courtney Aviation Services,

BASL, has imported a sizeable

number of X-ray machines

worth $500,000 to

enhance and accelerate the

screening of passengers and

cargoes, according to a statement

by Mikail Mumuni,

Group Corporate Affairs Manager

of BASL.

Mumuni said: “Massive re-

ABUJA — Group Execu

tive Director of BUA

Group and pioneer Chairman

of the Nigerian Sugar

Institute, Kabiru Rabiu, has

advised the Federal Government

to replicate the NSDC

in the rice sub sector and

other food industry sectors

with growth potential.

Rabiu made this suggestion

during the commissioning of

the Nigeria industrial Policy

and Competitiveness Advisory

Council (Industrial Council)

in Ilorin, Kwara State.

According to Rabiu, NS-

DC’s supervisory and coordination

role in the sugar

industry has been highly

beneficial and is a model that

should be replicated in other

sectors. Currently, the

NSDC coordinates the activities

of the Nigerian Sugar

sector through monitoring

of the backward integration

and import substitution programme

that has seen significant

investments in various

Cane-to-Sugar projects by

private operators in the industry.

Kabiru Rabiu, who was a

pioneer Chairman of the

NSI where he led the implementation

committee for

the Institute, expressed happiness

that the institute had

finally seen the light of the

day. He also stressed the

importance and benefits of

the institute on the sugar

subsector in reducing the

skills gap in the industry and

attaining better technologies

and techniques in sugarcane

production and processing.

It should be noted

that Kabiru Rabiu first recommended

the establishment

of the institute during

a Nigerian Industrial Council

meeting chaired by Vice

President Prof. Yemi Osinbajo

in 2018.

be watchful and vigilant.

“Many in Nigeria, however,

ask if the vaccines are

medically safe and whether

the poor can also benefit

from them, considering that

even the palliatives meant

for the needy ended up in the

homes of a few favoured ones

or were needlessly hoarded

in warehouses.”

Kaigama said before vaccinating

Nigerians, stakeholders

must ensure that the

vaccines had been subjected

to appropriate tests for

genuineness and were properly

stored to allay the fear

of contamination.

He also stressed that the

economic difficulties on account

of the coronavirus

pandemic were palpable.

Archbishop Kaigama said:

“The other fear is that if it

takes so much time and

money now to do a test for

COVID-19, will it be that

easy for the poor to have access

to the vaccine?

“As basic as the face mask

which is seriously recommended

to be worn by everyone

is, I have seen individuals

wearing dirty face

masks for days because they

cannot afford new ones".

sources are also being deployed

to upgrade our air conditioning

system for the comfort

of passengers as we always

treat our customers as

kings and queens.”

He said the ongoing upgrading

of the facilities was

part of the company’s determination

to continue to

give Nigeria the best airport

terminal that is comparable

to those available in

developed economies.

“To satisfy our customers,

we had to buy 50% of the

money required for the importation

of the X-ray machines

from the parallel market

as the Central Bank of

Nigeria, CBN, was only able

to allocate 50% to us,'' he


Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021 — 9

:Vanguard News

:@vanguardnews :@vanguardnews NEWS HOTLINES: 08052867023, 08052867058

CONFAB—From left: Kashifu Abdullahi, DG, National Information Technology Development Agency;

Prof. Umar Danbatta, Executive Vice Chairman/CEO, Nigerian Communications Commission; Dr.

Ismail Adewusi, DG, Nigeria Postal Service; Dr. Abimbola Alale, MD, Nigerian Communications

Satellite, and Muhammad Nami, Executive Chairman, Federal Inland Revenue Service, FIRS,

during the interactive session between FIRS and agencies under the Ministry of Communications

and Digital Economy, in Abuja.

COVAX: Scientists slam FG over exclusion

from Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine

....As study shows AstraZeneca vaccine less effective against South

African variant

By Sola

Ogundipe &

Chioma Obinna


scientists, yesterday,

slammed the Federal

Government over the exclusion

of Nigeria from the first batch of

Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine sharing


The scientists said the

exclusion would widen the gap

of distrust between Nigerians, the

government and those managing

the national COVID-19 response

for the country.

They maintained that while

Nigeria was not disqualified by

the World Health Organisation,

WHO, the country was not

qualified to access the COVAX

facility, based on criteria applied

to all countries.

On Friday last week, the WHO

Regional Director for Africa, Dr

Matshidiso Moeti, announced

that the first batch of 320,000

doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech

vaccines would be received by

Cape Verde, Tunisia, Rwanda and

South Africa.

In his submission, a renowned

Medical Laboratory Scientist and

a Public Health Analyst, Dr.

Casmier Ifeanyi, said the

eventual exclusion of Nigeria was

not good for the pandemic

response as many, of Nigerians

had anticipated the arrival of the

vaccine since January which was

later moved to February and was

finally put off at weekend.

“This development leaves

much to be desired on the part of

the populace because you are

widening the gap of distrust

between the citizens and those

who govern them, and those who

manage the COVID-19


“The point is that the reasons

initially were that we were not

prepared and we did not meet the

criteria for Pfizer- BioNTech cold

chain but the National Primary

Healthcare Development

Agency came up to say that they

have the cold chain facility.

“In my own opinion, we really

do not have enough cold chain

infrastructures for a vaccine that

requires minus 70 long term

storage. No matter how we

are politically savvy with our

answers, the reality is that we live

in Nigeria and we know our

infrastructural deficit and we must

not continue to play the ostrich.”

He argued that Nigeria with

all its resources should tow the

path of Egypt that have gone

ahead to procure the

AstraZeneca and Johnson &

Johnson vaccines and rolled out

vaccinations of their populace

without waiting for WHO.

“With the huge resources

Nigeria is endowed, the

government should be able to

procure vaccines without the

WHO or COVAX for Nigerians.”

He, however, commended

efforts of the NPHCDA Director

General, and the WHO

representative in Nigeria for

securing the allocation of the 16

million doses of the Oxford/

AstraZeneca vaccine to Nigeria.

Ifeanyi urged the Nigerian

government to do everything

possible to keep faith with

Nigerians on the new

expectation and for the delivery

of Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine

by 2nd of March 2021.

“Nigeria, over time has

established a cold chain system

that supports the storage, the

transportation and

administration of vaccines that

require 2 to 8 degrees

centigrade. We have the

capacity for that and it is not in

doubt. So choosing the Oxford/

AstraZeneca vaccine gives us

something that is more amenable

to our temperate nature and I

expect that that is what we

should do.

“Moderna and Pfizer/

BioNTech vaccines are of similar

origin and similar genetic origin

that is the RNA, whereas the

Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine is

of a non-viral replicate origin,” he


On his own part, in a COVAX

vaccine distribution forecast,

renowned virologist, Prof.

Oyewale Tomori, said Nigeria fell

short of the WHO criteria for

COVAX facility distribution.

Tomori noted in the forecast

that Nigeria was not disqualified

by the WHO, but that the country

simply did not qualify.

According to him, as of

February 5, 2021, Nigeria’s

number of cases per million was

lower than for each of the four

selected countries to receive the

Pfizer vaccines even as Nigeria

had the lowest case fatality rate,

apart from Cape Verde.

Further, he argued that all the

four countries selected most likely

had the facility to store and utilise

Pfizer vaccines.

“As of 15 December 2020,

Nigeria was the only country that

had neither signed commitment

agreements to the COVAX facility

nor submitted non-binding

confirmations of intent to

participate in the COVAX facility.

It is obvious from the above, that

nobody disqualified Nigeria,

Nigeria disqualified herself,” he



vaccine less

effective against

South African

variant —Study

The AstraZeneca/Oxford

vaccine appeared to offer only

limited protection against mild

disease caused by the South

African variant of COVID-19, the

results of a new trial suggested.

Early data from a trial conducted

at South Africa’s University of the

Witwatersrand and Oxford

University showed the two-step

vaccine had significantly reduced

efficacy against the South African

variant, according to a Financial

Times report published weekend.

Among coronavirus variants

currently most concerning for

scientists and public health experts

are the UK, South African and

Brazilian variants, which appear

to spread more swiftly than others.

Although the South African

variant hasn’t been officially

detected in Nigeria, indications

show that it may already be in

circulation in the country.

“In this small phase I/II trial,

early data has shown limited

efficacy against mild disease

primarily due to the

B.1.351 South African variant,”

an AstraZeneca spokesman

said in response to the Financial

Times report.

“However, we have not been

able to properly ascertain its effect

against severe disease and

hospitalisation given that subjects

were predominantly young

healthy adults.”

The company said it believed its

vaccine could protect against

severe disease, given that the

neutralising antibody activity was

equivalent to that of other COVID-

19 vaccines.

While thousands of individual

changes have arisen as the virus

mutates into new variants, only a

tiny minority are likely to be

important or change the virus in

an appreciable way, according to

the British Medical Journal.

“Oxford University and

AstraZeneca have started

adapting the vaccine against this

variant and will advance rapidly

through clinical development so

that it is ready for Autumn

delivery should it be needed,” the

NAFDAC shuts factory for revalidating

expired curry, thyme

By Sola




manufacturing company,

Every Rose Limited,

manufacturers of SomGeo brand

of spices, has been shut by the

National Agency for Food, Drug

Administration and Control,

NAFDAC, over revalidation of

expired SomGeo brand of curry

and thyme spices.

A statement signed by the

Resident Media Consultant to

NAFDAC, Sayo Akintola, said

the company was shut, following

a tip-off by operatives of the

Investigation and Enforcement

Directorate of NAFDAC, who

swooped on the main warehouse

and factory, located at Petu

Village, Cele 2, Bus Stop, off Ibeju-

Ethnic violence, kidnapping:

Utomi, Na’abba, Baba-Ahmed,

Moghalu, others plan national

confab in May

By Henry Umoru


civil strife, spate of ethnic

violence and kidnappings across

the country, leaders of the

National Consultative Front,

NCF, a frontline political pressure

group, have concluded

arrangements to convoke what

they described as 'people’s

national conference'.

They said the Peoples

Constituent Assembly would

come up in May, and give

Nigerians the opportunity to

converge and brainstorm on these

burning issues, with a view to

coming up with workable


According to NCFront, the

conference has become very

imperative because of its

disappointment on the Federal

Government’s inability to douse

heightening ethnic violence and

civil strife in Nigeria.

The leaders have resolved that

the proposed People’s

Lekki, and No. 23, Tunji Lekki, Bello

Street, Penuncular Stream 2,

Lekki, Lagos, respectively.

The statement said sequel to

the visit by the NAFDAC officials,

it was discovered that large

quantities of expired curry and

thyme spices were stored in the

warehouse with packaging

materials, labels as well as stamps

that were being used to illegally

revalidate the already expired

products (spices).

Director-General of NAFDAC,

Prof. Mojisola Adeyeye, who

condemned the act, said the

company would be heavily

sanctioned for endangering public


Adeyeye said the two locations

visited were sealed and placed on

hold, adding that the company

staff caught in the act of

Constituent Assembly would,

among others, curb heightening

ethnic strife and looming civil

anarchy in Nigeria.

To achieve this, NCFront

leaders said they would consult

with former Federal

Commissioner for Information

and South South Leader, Chief

Edwin Clark; former Vice

Chancellor, Ahmadu Bello

University, Zaria, Professor Ango

Abdullahi; Professor Woke

Soyinka, Ahmed Joda, Professor

Ben Nwabueze, and Air

Commodore Dan Suleiman,


Others include former

Secretary to the Government of

the Federation, Chief Olu Falae;

and state governors.

NCFront is coordinated by Prof.

Pat Utomi, former speaker of the

House of Representatives, Ghali

Umar Na’abba; former President

of Nigeria Bar Association, NBA,

Olisa Agbakoba, SAN; Dr

Hakeem Baba-Ahmed; Prof

Kingsley Moghalu, Dr Obadiah

Mailafia; and Chidi Odinkalu,

among others.

Insurgency: 4,982 Nigerian

refugees in Cameroon to return

By Joseph Erunke

ABUJA—AT least 4,982

Nigerian refugees in

Cameroon are set to return home,

as the National Commission for

Refugees, Migrants and

Internally Displaced Persons,

NCFRMI, has begun moves to

that effect.

Of the number, 3,224 refugees

are returning to Banki town, while

the remaining 1,758 would return

to Bama town. Both towns are in

Borno State.

Consequently, Federal

Commissioner,.NCFRMI, Senator

Basheer Garba Mohammed, met

with officials of the Cameroonian

government and the United

Nations High Commissioner for

Refugees, UNHCR, weekend in

Maroua, Cameroon, to discuss

and arrive at modalities for the


The development came on the

heels of President Muhammadu

Buhari’s recent directive that all

Nigerian refugees in Cameroon

be brought home safely to a life of

dignity and pride with immediate


The weekend’s meeting which

was a follow-up to the previous

one in 2017, initiated by the then

commissioner and current

Minister of Humanitarian Affairs,

Disaster Management and

Social Development, Hajiya

Sadiya Umar Farouk, also led to

the successful return of 134

Nigerians from Cameroon.

The minister had said

necessary arrangements had

been made for the refugees’

socioeconomic reinsertion into


Speaking at the meeting, the

commissioner, who was

represented by the commission’s

Director of Refugee and

Migration, Tai Hassan Ejibunu,

stressed the importance of the

meeting of the Technical Working

Groups, TWGs, of both


According to him, the

voluntary repatriation of

Nigerian refugees in Cameroon

and the suppport of the

humanitarian ministry cannot be


revalidating the aforementioned

products at the factory

have been apprehended

and taken to NAFDAC Investigation

and Enforcement

office for further investigation.

Various finished products and

working tools were found in the

factory while the business owner,

a lady is at large.

Records available to NAFDAC

show that the company located

at 19, Adelajo Ojo Crescent,

Magodo, Lagos, registered 16

different products for listing

under the brand name

SOMGEO and these include

SOMGEO Ginger Powder,

SOMGEO Garlic Powder,

SOMGEO Thyme Leaves, and

SOMGEO Mixed Spices Powder

among others. The registration,

however, expired on December

10 — Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021



:@vanguardnews :@vanguardnews NEWS HOTLINES: 08052867023, 08052867058

APC'll continue to rule in Ondo

for a long time


By Dayo Johnson


Rotimi Akeredolu of Ondo

State, yesterday, expressed

optimism that the All Progressives

Congress, APC, would continue

to govern the state for a long time

to come.

Akeredolu said this while

laying the foundation of the new

APC State Secretariat Complex

in Akure.

The governor said: “Our party

will continue to occupy a prime

place in the political landscape of

Ondo State for a long time to

come, due to the stellar

performance of the APC-led

administration in the state in the

last four years, despite daunting

challenges and paucity of funds,

occasioned by the prevailing

global economic realities.

Late Gen

Williams was a

patriotic, core



By Gabriel Olawale

L Minister



Communications, Maj. Gen.

Tajudeen Olanrewaju (retd),

yesterday, described the late Brig-

Gen. Olufemi Williams (retd), as

a patriot, gentleman and core

professional who fought during

the civil war with zeal, passion

and with the noblest of


Olanrewaju recalled how he

crossed paths with Olufemi in

1967, when there was the general

mobilisation of personnel to fill the

shortfall in depleted officers’ cadre

in the Nigerian Army.

The former Communications

minister, in a statement, said:

“Olufemi and I, with few others,

came together to represent the

newly created Lagos State. Out

of hundreds called for the

interview at the Arakan Military

Barracks in Apapa, only five of us

were successful.

“Femi and I were course mates

at the NDA in Kaduna, where

our friendship as young

professionals and pioneering

Lagosians in uniform deepened.?

“We are only beginning with

the State Headquarters. Be sure

that on completion of this project,

erecting such edifice across the

18 Local Government Areas in

the State will follow.

“As the largest and the ruling

party in the state, it behooves us

to have a secretariat befitting of

that status.

“You will recall that our party

has been operating from rented

apartments since its inception.

“I am sure that by the time the

secretariat complex is built, it will

be the pride of all party faithful.

“We hope that before the end

of the year, we shall celebrate the

completion of this project.”

In his remarks, the acting

chairman of the party, Mr. Ade

Adetimehin hailed Governor

Akeredolu for his unparalleled

performance which he said

earned the APC victory in the

last October 10, 2020

governorship election.

Marauding herdsmen have launched guerrilla

warfare on Yorubaland —Agbekoya, Afenifere

By Dapo Akinrefon,

James Ogunnaike &

Olayinka Ajayi

L Agbekoya AGOS—THE


Association and the Yoruba

Socio-Political organisation

Afenifere, yesterday, raised

the alarm that marauding

herdsmen have launched

guerrilla warfare on

Yorubaland, but vowed to

flush out the culpable

herdsmen terrorizing the


They also disclosed that

it had begun a manhunt for

the killer herdsmen's

kingpin, known as

Mahmoud Waziri, and his

men, who terrorise farmers

and residents in Ibarapa

local government area of

Oyo State.

This came on a day the

Chief Press Secretary to

Governor Seyi Makinde of

Oyo State, Mr. Taiwo Adisa,

warned against the

growing false security

alarms in the form of fake

audio and video posts on

social media, declaring that

MEETING—From left: Kwara State Governor, AbdulRahman AbdulRazaq; Chairman, All Progressives

Congress, APC, Membership Revalidation/Registration Committee, Senator John Danboi; Secretary

of the committee, Marie Idaomi Esq; Senators Yahya Oloriegbe (Central), Sadiq Umar (North), and

Lola Ashiru (South), during the party's stakeholders' meeting, at the State Banquet Hall, in Ilorin,


• Stop using false social media in security situation —Makinde’s aide

• Don't harbour strangers, Ogun monarch cautions subjects

• War is at the door —Afenifere

residents of the state

should ignore such


Similarly, the Olu of Oba

Eerin in Obafemi/Owode

council area of Ogun State,

Oba Ganiyu Sanyaolu,

yesterday, warned his

subjects against harbouring

strangers especially,

herders looking for a place

of abode, following their

forceful ejection from

Ibarapa area of Oyo State.


herdsmen have


guerrilla warfare

on Yoruba land

— Agbekoya

Agbekoya, in a statement

by its National Publicity

Secretary, Chief Olatunji

Bandele, stated that the

President-General of the

association, Chief

Kamorudeen Okikiola,

stated that after the exit of

Seriki Fulani from Igangan,

another kingpin,

Mahmoud Waziri,

emerged in the town with

his men, unleashing terror

on innocent citizens and

killing farmers in the area.

Chief Okikiola said two

farmers, who were working

on their farms, were killed

in two locations in the area

during an ambush laid on

them by the killer

herdsmen, while some

escaped to the town to alert

the people of the

community. The statement

read: “The Kingpin,

Mahmoud, regrouped the

killer herdsmen and

bandits, armed them with

dangerous weapons to

retaliate the exit of Seriki

Fulani from Igangan who

is now living in a village in

Kwara State. Though the

kingpin is now on the run,

his killer herdsmen are

perpetrating havoc, killing

farmers and innocent

citizens in Ibarapa area of

Oyo State. Agbekoya will

not relent until all these Fulani

criminals terrorizing Yoruba land

are flushed out.” The farmers’

body, however, called on farmers

in the South-West to avoid going

to their farms alone, but “should

make sure that they go to their

farms in groups ready to counter

any sudden attack by the Fulani

bandits and killer herdsmen.

“The killer herdsmen have

launched guerrilla warfare on

Yoruba land and we should be

alert and be very strategic in

dislodging them wherever they

are located in the South-West. We

are using this medium to call on

other security stakeholders,

traditional rulers, Southwest

governors, politicians and Yoruba

leaders to rise to face the

insecurity situation in the region.

We are also calling on the

Northern governors and leaders

to take positive steps in calling

the killer herdsmen and Fulani

bandits terrorizing Southwest to

order because if the situation

persists, Agbekoya will not

hesitate to launch a full-scale war

against herdsmen, kidnappers

and bandits”, Agbekoya

president said.

War is at the door


Speaking on the development,

the Publicity Secretary of

foremost Pan Yoruba group,

Afenifere, Yinka Odumakin,

explained that the persistent

attacks by the marauding

herdsmen on the region were a

clear indication that the region

was at war.

Odumakin said: “The adamant

and persistent attacks by

herdsmen on Yorubaland are

clearly a grand war on

the Yoruba nation, and it's only

the ostriches that would bury

their heads in the sand at the

moment. War is at our door.”

Stop using false

social media in



—Makinde’s aide

Meanwhile, Governor

Makinde’s aide warned against

raising false alarms on the

security situation in Ibarapaland

and parts of Oke-Ogun, adding

that security agencies will readily

deal with anyone seeking to

cause ethnic tension.

Adisa, in a statement, said:

“The penchant of certain

individuals, groups and faceless

bodies to take to social media and

raise the unfounded alarm just

to cause panic among the people

of Oyo State is becoming a cause

for concern.”

He particularly said some viral

social media video and audio

messages in which false and

inciting claims were made about

Ayete, Igangan, and other parts

of the state have been on the

rise in recent weeks.

The statement read: “Our

attention has been drawn to a

grand plot to precipitate unrest

in Oyo State through the use of

fake news in the social media.

This plot seeks to promote false

alarms, misinformation and

sponsored fake news through

audio, video and Facebook

messages and it is to make the

state ungovernable.

“As a government, the contents

of some of these audio and video

releases have been investigated

and mostly found to be outright

falsehood, baseless claims and

products of hate speech, targeted

only at discrediting the

government and inciting the


“As a proactive government,

the Makinde-led administration

has risen to the occasion on the

issue of insecurity and we are

already winning the war against

criminality, with several measures

rolled out to tackle kidnapping

and banditry in Ibarapa and some

parts of Oke-Ogun, while efforts

have also been increased to tame

the violent gang wars in Ibadan.”

Don't harbour

strangers, Ogun




Similarly, the Ogun monarch

said the call became necessary,

following a viral video alleging

that some herdsmen, who were

forcibly sent away by youths of

Ibarapa in Oyo State, have

started erecting structures in the

agrarian town.

Oba Sanyaolu stated that the

viral video has created palpable

fears in the minds of residents and

visitors of the town.

Findings by Vanguard revealed

that some herders were seen

along the roads leading to Oba

town, the community that hosts

the new Abeokuta Correctional

facility and Moshood Abiola


It was also gathered that some

of them have already erected

structures and cleared bushes

around the major roads leading

to the town.

Some residents of Oba and

Alagada, who spoke to

Vanguard, said the presence of

the herders was noticed some

days ago when they saw tractors

clearing some farmlands around

Alagada village, about 200 meters

to the new Abeokuta Correctional

facility, adding that within three

days, about 20 huts, typical of

Fulani abodes have started

springing up.

Oba Sanyaolu, while speaking

with some journalists in his

palace, said some youths have

already gone to the herders,

accosted them and shared the

video clip of their encounters to

the people, thereby creating

tension in the minds of the


The monarch said: “To avert

any crisis that may erupt

thereafter, I have called some

people that I know who facilitated

the coming of these herders to a

meeting where I instructed them

to do the needful.”

Vanguard, , MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021 — 11

:Vanguard :@vanguardnews :@vanguardnewsNEWS HOTLINES:

VISIT: Chief of

Naval Staff, Rear

Admiral Awwal

Gambo receiving a

souvenir from the


Nigerian Maritime

Administration and

Safety Agency,

NIMASA, Dr Bashir

Jamoh, during the

DG’s maiden

courtesy visit to the

CNS at the Naval

Headquarters, in

Abuja. Photo:

Kehinde Shonola.

SERAP demands details of World Bank

electricity projects in Nigeria

By Olasunkanmi Akoni



Economic Rights and Accountability

Project, SERAP, yesterday, urged the

World Bank to release records and

documents relating to spending on all

approved funds to improve access to

electricity in Nigeria between 1999 and


It also demanded it to show the bank’s

role in the implementation of any funded

electricity project, identify and name any

executed project, and Nigerian officials,

ministries, departments, and agencies

involved in the execution of such


The World Bank Board of Directors

had, last week, approved $500 million to

help boost access to electricity in Nigeria

and improve the performance of the

electricity distribution companies in the


In the application to World Bank

President Mr. David Malpass, dated

February 6, 2021, signed by SERAP

Deputy Director, Kolawole Oluwadare,

the organization urged the Bank to

explain the rationale for the approval of

$500m to implement electricity projects

in the country, despite reports of

widespread and systemic corruption in

the sector, and the failure of the

authorities to enforce a court judgment

UNILAG to hold special Senate

session for Ibidapo-Obe

By Adesina Wahab

LAGOS—THE Senate of the

University of Lagos, UNILAG, will,

on Wednesday, hold a special session for

the late Prof. Oyewusi Ibidapo-Obe, who

died on January 3, this year.

Ibidapo-Obe, a Professor of Systems

Engineering, died as a result of

complications arising from COVID-19.

COVID-19 palliative: Lagos Senator

empowers 1,000 vulnerable

By Olasunkanmi Akoni

L representing AGOS—LAWMAKER

Lagos East

Senatorial Constituency, Senator

Tokunbo Abiru, weekend,

presented financial support to

1,000 vulnerable people living in

the senatorial district, as part of

measures to cushion the adverse

effect of the COVID-19


The beneficiaries, who include

widows, physically challenged

people, aged, women and

The Senate sitting, which is part of

activities by the university to honour the

former Vice-Chancellor, will be streamed

live on the university’s social media

channels because of the need to observe

COVID-19 safety protocols.

At the time of his death, he was the

Pro-Chancellor of the Technical

University, Ibadan and held the same

position at the Crawford University,

Igbesa in Ogun State.

ordering the release of details of

payments to allegedly corrupt electricity

contractors who failed to execute any


SERAP said: “This application is

brought according to the World Bank’s

Access to Information Policy, which aims

to maximize access to information and

promote the public good. There is a public

interest in Nigerians knowing about the

Bank’s supervisory role and specifically

its involvement in the implementation

of electricity projects, which it has so far


“The $500m is part of the over $1billion

available to Nigeria under the project

titled: Nigeria Distribution Sector

Recovery Programme.

40 yrs of RCCG leadership was time of agony, betrayal


By Olayinka Latona

THE General Overseer of the

Redeemed Christian Church of God,

RCCG, Pastor Enoch Adejare Adeboye,

yesterday, recounted and concluded that

was a period full of personal challenges.




leadership prog

The Aig-Imoukhuede Institute and

the Africa Initiative for Governance have

announced the commencement of the

AIG Public Leaders Programme in

partnership with the University of

Oxford’s Blavatnik School of


Introducing the programme, Mr

Aigboje Aig-Imoukhuede, Founder and

Chairman of the Aig-Imoukhuede

Institute, said: “As part of our objectives

to drive public sector transformation, we

have been working with the Office of the

Head of the Civil Service of the

Federation (OHCSF) to build capacity

in the Nigerian public sector.

“Accordingly, we have leveraged our

long-standing relationship with one of

the world’s leading schools of

government, the University of Oxford’s

Adeboye said this during a

thanksgiving service held at the national

Headquarters of the church in Ebutemeta,

Lagos to celebrate the 40 years as

the G.O, RCCG.

Recounting some of his experience as

the G.O and appreciating God for His

grace and mercy, Adeboye said there has

been times of pain and agony, adding

that there has been times of betrayal but

one thing that kept him going on is the

ability to hear from God.

“If you asked me how the journey has

been like this for past 40 years, I will just

be lying to you of I said the journey has

been smooth because it has not be

smooth. I will lie to you if I said things

has been easy because to tell you the

truth, it has not being easy. There has

been time of pain, agony, rough, it has

been time of betrayal but one thing kept

us going on and that is God gave us the

ability to hear from Him.

“I told you at the beginning things

were though. We had staff of about nine

and we had to fast and pray every month

to be able to pay their salaries and at the

end there is nothing left for the general

overseer. And as at that time my wife is

still working for the first one year, so you

know was feeding things were so though

and I have to sold my car. I have to sell it

even though the person that bought it

never paid the balance till today.

unemployed youths, were drawn

from 98 wards across 16 local

government areas in the district.

Abiru, at the presentation

ceremony during the weekend,

explained that the selected

beneficiaries will be getting the

assistance bimonthly (that is once

in two months), and all through

the year by way of direct credit to

the beneficiaries’ bank accounts.

The lawmaker said: “As the

representative of the people, I

know how many of our

constituents, especially the

vulnerable were and are still

adversely impacted by the

COVID-19 pandemic.

“This modest effort in

ameliorating the plight of our

people is one in the series of other

interventions geared towards

making life easier for the poor in

our midst.

“After the pilot set numbering

about 1,000, the second category

will be scaled to 1,200 and we

hope to capture more people in

the future.”

....And wave bye-bye to your 'home' forever!

Their adviser is obviously as dunce as they


Ah, sorry o, your 'wish' has been scuttled!

12 — Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021

:Vanguard News

:@vanguardnews :@vanguardnews NEWS HOTLINES: 08052867023, 08052867058

BURIAL: From left—Bayelsa State Governor, Sen. Douye Diri; Akwa Ibom State Governor, Mr Udom Emmanuel;

and his wife, Martha, during the burial of late Air Commodore Idongesit Nkanga (retd.) in Ikot Nya Community,

Akwa Ibom State, weekend.

CBN gov, Itsekiri, CAN, PFN, others mourn

Okowa's father

By Festus Ahon


Bank of Nigeria,

CBN, Mr Godwin Emefiele,

Itsekiris in government,

Delta State Chapter of

the Christian Association of

Nigeria, CAN, Pentecostal

Fellowship of Nigeria, PFN

Delta State Chapter, Delta

Political Vanguard, DPV,

and the College of Retired

Permanent Secretaries in

Delta, have joined other

Deltans and Nigerians to

condole with Governor Ifeanyi

Okowa on the demise of

his father, Pa Arthur Okowa.

Speaking during the condolence

visit in Asaba, Mr

Emefiele said, "Your dad is

our father; he has sown

great seed not just in our

kingdom, but in Ika nation

and in Delta State as a

whole. The people of Ika nation

and Deltans will miss

him dearly. We pray that his

soul and all the faithful departed

rest in peace.

"We also condole with you

on the passing of Tim Owhefere,

the Majority Leader of

State House of Assembly,

who was another fine gentleman

and good lawmaker."

Speaking further, he said

the CBN was partnering

government at all levels and

the private sector to provide

sophisticated health facilities

in the country to address

healthcare needs of the people,

adding that such intervention

had become necessary

in view of the widening

gap in the health service provision

due to poor medical

Insecurity: Issue order to arrest herdsmen with

AK-47 weapons, DESOPADEC tells Buhari

By Emma Amaize


sioner representing

Udu, Uvwie, Ughelli South

and Urhobo of Warri South

in Delta State Oil Producing

Areas Development

Commission, DESOPA-

DEC, Delta State, Olorogun

Vincent Oyibode, has

advised President Muhammadu

Buhari to issue directive

to apprehend Fulani

herdsmen found with AK-

47 weapons as a way of

tackling the rising insecurity

in the country.

Oyibode, who addressed

newsmen as part of activities

to mark his 46th birthday,

said, "Section 33 (1)

of the Nigerian Constitution

provides that persons

living in Nigeria, shall

Men of God now targets of blackmailers —Ololo

facilities across the nation,

adding that it was also in

response to challenges

posed by COVID-19 pandemic.

The Itsekiri delegation

led by Dr Joseph Otumara,

said they were in Asaba to

condole with the governor

and his family on the unfortunate

passing of their patriarch.

Speaking through Solomon

Areyinka, the itsekiri

people said: "We have

come to condole with you

and your family in this trying

time. We received the

news of the death of your

dear father on January 28,

2021, with shock.

"However, we believe that

at 88 years of age, he saw

life, confronted it head on

and conquered. The success

of your father's sojourn on

earth is an open secret

which came in handy as elements

of dedication, focus,

discipline and love for humanity."

Delegation from CAN was

led by Dr Sylvanus Okorote;

PFN by Bishop Kingsley

Enakhireri, DPV led by the

National President, Michael

Diden and the College of

Retired Permanent Secretaries

led by Okey Ofili also visited

the governor to condole

have a right to life and no

one shall be deprived intentionally,

of his life unless

in execution of the sentence

of a court of criminal

office of which he has

been found guilty.

"This aspect of the constitution

has been forgotten,

there is killing everywhere.

The Fulani herdsmen are

above the law. They are untouchable,

protected by

those who are supposed to

prosecute them. If the activities

of the herdsmen remain

unchecked, another

civil war may erupt.

"I, therefore, call on President

Buhari to give an order

to arrest any herdsmen

seen with AK 47 guns," he


On the Niger Delta Development


By Onozure Dania


of Omega Prophetic

Prayer Ministry,

OPPM, Sapele, Delta State,

Apostle Daniel Ololo, has

raised the alarm over alleged

plot by unnamed persons to

blackmail prominent men of

God across Nigeria, because,

"of the good works they are

doing for the kingdom of


He added that the aim was

to scandalise and rub their

names in the mud for financial


Addressing newsmen, weekend,

Ololo said that the defamation

suit instituted by a Port

Harcourt-based Prophetess

and Founder, Christ Word Deliverance

Church, Augusta

Olozulu, a perceived estranged

spiritual daughter of

Prophet Fufeyin, "is just the

beginning of a well thoughtout

campaign of blackmail

against prominent gospel


Ololo traced the disagreement

between Prophet Fufeyin

and Prophetess Olozulu, to

a land which a member of

Christ Mercyland Deliverance

Ministry, Port-Harcourt,

wanted to donate to the

church for the erection of the

church permanent structure.

According to him, while the

said member insisted on

making the donation in the

name of Christ Mercyland

Deliverance Ministry, Port-

Harcourt, a church reportedly

founded in 2016 by Prophetess

Olozulu, with the approval

of Prophet Fufeyin,

another prominent member,

who allegedly changed the

name of the church in September

2020 to Christ Word

Deliverance Prayer Mountain,

purportedly insisted that

the land be donated in her

name, Augusta Olozulu.

The Cleric, who claimed

that Prophet Fufeyin conceded

against his church doctrine

that the branch in Port-Harcourt

be opened after several

pleas and pressure, said that

the popular Warri Prophet

had on several occasions assisted

Prophetess Olozulu, to

enable the ministry flourish,

"before the unfortunate blackmail."

with him.

Responding, Governor

Okowa thanked the groups

for the visit, adding that the

family was consoled by the

visits from friends and wellwishers.

He said: "My dad lived a

full life and I and my siblings

have great joy that he

had the time to play a role

in our lives having tutored

us to become what we are

today. Having been a school

teacher and politician, his

guidance helped me a lot.

"We are proud of the life

he lived and we thank God

for giving him the grace to

do the much he did in our

lives and the many other

lives he touched."

NDDC, he said: "The

NDDC is an interventionist

agency established by

an Act of parliament with

a defined law. Today, it is

being run by a caretaker

committee amongst cabals

within and outside the Niger

Delta region, first in

history, though I stand to

be corrected.

"Is there any Board like

the NDDC where the President

nominates members

who have screened and

confirmed by the National

Assembly but are not inaugurated?

One wonders why

the confirmed members

have not been inaugurated

till now to carry out their

primary function of implementing

her mandate.

"There is no caretaker

committee or sole administrator

in the law establishing

the NDDC. What is

being done right now is illegality,

a coup against the

Niger Delta people.

"I, therefore, call on President

Buhari to urgently

swear-in the Board members

that were confirmed by

the National Assembly," he


Oyibode also frowned at

the refusal of International

Oil Companies, IOCs, to

comply with the directive

of Vice President Olusegun

Obasanjo to relocate

their operational headquarters

to Niger Delta

since 2016, saying: "With

the advent of oil boom, a

Presidential order was given

for all oil related organizations

to move their

corporate head offices to

Lagos. This was done without


You're pathological liar, Delta

APC chairman slams Ogboru

•Alleges threat to life

By Perez Brisibe


of Delta State All Progressives

Congress, APC, Jones

Erue, weekend, came hard on

the party's 2019 gubernatorial

candidate, Chief Great

Ogboru, describing him as a

pathological liar following allegations

by Ogboru who accused

him (Jones) of being the

brain behind the lingering

crisis in the party.

Ogboru in a letter to the

national caretaker committee

chairman of the party, Mai

Mala Buni, had while calling

for the sack of Jones as caretaker

committee chairman of

the party in the state, alleged

that his (Jones) reign as party

chairman in the past seven

years had been riddled with

crisis galore, unconstitutionality,

slanders, falsehood,

criminality, deliberate misrepresentation,


lawlessness and fictionalization.

Reacting to the allegations,

Jones said, "I never inaugurated

local government secretaries.

Rather, it was done by the

respective council chairmen

in compliance with Covid-19

protocols to avoid overcrowding

the state secretariat which

may have fueled the spread of


"The purported council

chairmen apart from Prince

Collins Mukoro, chairman

of Ughelli South, whom he erroneously

or perhaps deliberately

listed to mislead the party

leadership and the gullible

public being referred to in the

spurious petitions, are his self

imposed chairmen not

known to law, the constitution

of the party nor to the executive

committee of the party.

"My challenge with Ogboru

as a gubernatorial candidate

of our party in the 2019

general election was due to his

refusal to account for reasons

why he traded off the winning

opportunities of our party's

bid to reclaim Delta State

from the cleavages of the PDP

inept administration despite

the billions of naira of election

funds made available to


"Was I the cause of this

shameful electoral performance?

Can Ogboru justify

the reasons for this abysmal

failure during the last election?

Am I responsible for his

ridiculous performance in his

own council that he wants me

dead despite all the billions

received for the election?" he


Ogoni chiefs decry exclusion

from cleanup

By Davies




BODO Council of Traditional

Rulers in Gokana Local

Government Area of Rivers

State has decried their exclusion

from the remediation

process in the area.

The chiefs expressed sadness

that they were not carried

along in the clean-up going

on in Bodo, regretting that

Shell Petroleum Development

Company, SPDC, has remained

adamant to the court

judgment that mandated

them (Shell) to recognise the

chiefs in the process.

Speaking in Bodo, Chairman

of Bodo Council of Traditional

Rulers, Chief Pius

Menega, said it was disheartening

that the traditional rulers,

who are major stakeholders

in the community were

being left out in the scheme.

Menega said: "We complained

to the High Court in

Bori, Khana, that we were being

excluded in the Bodo clean

up exercise and the court ruled

in our favour that we should

be consulted but SPDC has


He disclosed that there was

an order of court restraining

Shell and the suspended Paramoun

Berebon from signing

a fresh Global Memorandum

of Understanding, GMoU,

with the oil giant.

He called for the arrested of

Berebon for continuing to disobey

court order, stating that

Customary Court sitting in

kpor Gokana Local Government

Area dissolved the Caretaker

Committee of Bodo

Council of Chiefs and Elders

set up by the embattled Berebon.

However, Menega said the

court in its ruling acknowledged

the Council of Chiefs

and Elders led by James Baridoma


Meanwhile, the embattled

paramount ruler Chief John

Berebon, maintained that he

was still running the affairs of

the community, adding that

he was never suspended.

Delta youth leaders task Okowa

on projects execution in Burutu


By Babatunde



ernment Youths for Good

Governance, BLGYGG, has

called on Governor Ifeanyi

Okowa, to prioritize development

and execution of more

projects in Burutu council.

It also charged Governor

Okowa to put befitting structures

at the permanent site of

the Delta State School of

Marine Technology, DESO-

MATEC, Burutu and ensure

speedy competition of the Ayakoromo


BLGYGG in a letter by Amino

Suyei, Coordinator, Mr

Clement Iyebo, and others,

admonished the governor to

consider the economic relevance

of the twin projects

which will benefit Deltans irrespective

of tribe, religion

and political affiliation.

It said, "We call you the roadmaster

because of your prowess

in construction of roads,

but how can you be a roadmaster

if the Ayakoromo

bridge you claimed will be

commissioned before you

leave office, is still in moribund


BLGYGG charged Governor

Okowa to genuinely show

more commitment to the

completion of Ayakoromo

bridge, noting that its completion

of Ayakoromo bridge

would be the legacy project of

the governor in Burutu council

and indeed Ijaw nation.

Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021 — 13

:Vanguard News

:@vanguardnews :@vanguardnews NEWS HOTLINES: 08052867023, 08052867058

MEETING: From left, Chief Anthony Akpomiemie, Ben Igbakpa (member representing Ethiope federal

constituency), Senator Ighoyota Amori, Chief London Akpanoko, and Chief Emmanuel Ighomena, when Akpanoko

hosted Peoples Democratic Party, PDP, members in support of Governor Ifeanyi Okowa, in Jesse, Delta State,


2023: Igbo Presidency, master stroke to

end grievances in S-East —Nwodo

•It'll heal civil war wounds, ensure final re-integration of Igbo in Nigeria — Okorie

By Clifford Ndujihe

& Ikechukwu Odu


Chairman of

the People's Democratic Party,

PDP, Dr. Okwesilieze Nwodo,

has said that giving the South-

East geopolitical zone a

chance to produce the president

of Nigeria in 2023 would

be "the master stroke to end

marginalization and all grievances"

in the zone.

Nwodo, a former governor

of Enugu State, also called on

South-East leaders of thought

to continuously engage leaders

of other zones on the need

to give the Igbo a chance to

produce Nigeria's president in

order to end the obvious marginalization

of the zone in the


He also condemned the

modus operandi of the Eastern

Security Network, ESN,

floated by the leader of the Indigenous

People of Biafra,

IPOB, Nnamdi Kanu, adding

that "there is no need starting

a fight one is sure to lose."

Nwodo, also described as

tragic, the blatant marginalization

of the Igbo, which was

also reflected in the recent promotion

of high-ranking police

officers by the Police Service

Commission, PSC, adding

that South-East would

continue to voice out the exclusion

of the zone in juicy appointments

since the beginning

of the present All Progressives

Congress, APC-led Federal


Said Nwodo: "The leadership

of the Igbo, irrespective

of party platform must come

together, and negotiate with

the two major political parties

in the country, to zone the presidency

to the South-East. They

should also negotiate with

other tribes and political

groupings to be sympathetic

to the Igbo ambition of securing

the presidential seat in

2023. Inasmuch as we believe

that it is our turn to produce

the next president of Nigeria,

which would serve as a master

stroke to end our marginalization,

we need the support

of other zones to achieve that.

"This is the time for diplomatic

engagements, at the level

of Ohanaeze Ndigbo,

South-East Governors Forum,

South-East stakeholders and

continuous social mobilization

on social media and what

have you. We need to be more

coordinated to make other

tribes know that this is an

agenda the entire South-East

has bought into.

"Already, we have started

well by informing the presidential

delegation led by the

Chief of Staff to the president,

Prof. Ibrahim Gambari,

when they visited South-East,

that the Igbo need the Presidency

in 2023. During that

visit, the South-East leaders

of thought, including governors,

ministers, members

of the National Assembly,

traditional rulers, church

leaders, women and youth

leaders, who met at the

Government House, Enugu

State, told the presidential

delegation that we want

Igbo presidency in 2023.

"Part of the resolution of

the Igbo leaders of thought

in that meeting which was

presented to the Federal

Government was the creation

of an additional state

in the zone and that work

on the Second Niger Bridge

be expedited. We also want

more roads. So, there is a

consensus among Igbo

leaders on 2023 presidency.

What is most important

now is how to convince the

rest of the country to buy into

this ambition."

Condemning the mode of

operation of ESN, he said:

"we must be very careful not

to play into the hands of Nigeria's

security apparatus. A

former Chief of Army Staff,

Theophilus Danjuma warned

that if we are waiting for Nigeria's

security architecture

to provide security for us, that

we may as well be waiting for

our deaths. If ESN is not

ready to face the insurgents,

the Nigerian Army, and the

police, there is no need starting

a fight they are sure to


"Some of us have been advocating

for diplomacy and

strategic engagements. I believe

that Amotekun that is on

in the South-West is living up

to its mandate. We have advocated

for the same thing in

our meetings with Ohanaeze

Ndigbo and South-East governors.

However, it is only

Enugu State that seems to be

serious with her Neighbourhood

Watch and Forest


"To have ESN which started

its operation by engaging

the military in a gun duel is

not sustainable. What is the

crime of the innocent lives

who were killed by the soldiers?

We just have to be very

strategic in our thinking and

implementation. The modus

operandi of ESN is not likely

to be successful."

It'll heal civil war

wounds, ensure

final re-integration

of Igbo in Nigeria


Reacting to Dr Nwodo's

comment, former National

Chairman of the United Progressive

Party, UPP, and a

chieftain of the ruling All Progressives

Congress, APC,

Chief Chekwas Okorie, said

ceding the presidency to the

South-East in 2023 would

help heal the wounds of the

civil war, and re-integrate the

Igbo in Nigeria.

Asked if he agreed with

Nwodo, he said: ''Yes, I agree

with that completely. That is

one step Nigeria should take

especially the two major parties

that will actually bring

about final reconciliation and

re-integration of Igbo people

in Nigeria since after the

civil war in 1970. The promise

of reconstruction, rehabilitation

and reconciliation

has been observed in breach

since 1970.

''This is a golden opportunity

to lay a solid foundation

for national unity. This

time as no other time in the

past, all opinion leaders

across political lines in the

South-East are of the view

that it is time an Igbo man

from the South-East is given

opportunity to become

president of Nigeria.

''Such gesture will heal so

much wounds. The division

that has been the bane of Nigeria

will be narrowed considerably

if that is done. We

are not threatening people.

It is the right and proper thing

to do in the best interest of Nigeria.''

Nnamani empowers constituents,

says war against poverty


ESN vs Security: Why I visited monarch


By Chinonso Alozie


of Imo State

and the Senator Representing

Imo West Senatorial district,

Senator Rochas Okorocha,

yesterday, assured the traditional

ruler of Uzoubi Umuna

Autonomous Community

in Orlu Local Government

Area, Eze Boniface

Okereke,of taking his petition

to the relevant authorities regarding

the humiliation the

monarch said he suffered in

the hands of security agents

during the clashes between

combined security operatives

and the Eastern Security Network,

ESN, in the area.

Okorocha made this assurance

when he visited Eze Okereke,

at his palace in Orlu,

Imo State.

The senator said he came to

visit the victims as a result of

the recent bloody clashes between

ESN and Security operatives

and to assist them

with some palliatives.

Okorocha said: "I want to

announce the setting up of 7-

man Committee to be headed

by the immediate Past Vice-

By Henry Umoru


ernor of Enugu State,

Senator Chimaroke Nnamani,

Peoples Democratic Party,

PDP, Enugu East, has embarked

on training, skill acquisition

and poverty alleviation

programmes for his constituents.

Senator Nnamani while

flagging off the programme in

Enugu, at the weekend, ahead

of Senate resumption, tomorrow,

traced the underdevelopment

and various social vices

plaguing the society to poverty.

In a statement he personally

signed, Senator Nnamani, who

is the chairman, Senate Committee

on Cooperation and Integration

in Africa/ NEPAD,

said that the war against poverty

eradication is irrevocable

"if Nigeria must come out of

the woods, all hands must be

on deck to tackle poverty headlong.''

Already, 45 female science

teachers selected from secondary

schools in his constituency

have been trained on information

and communication technology

(ICT) and were awarded

brand new laptops under his

capacity building programme.

"Another batch of 80 women

and youths were also trained

on bio-entrepreneurship and

capacity building with special

breed of paw-paw seeds, plantain

roots, fish fingerlings, bags

of feed and water tanks for fish

farming and start up capital.

"In addition, no fewer than

400 applicants have been verified

and captured for the

N30,000 survival fund programme

for artisans in Enugu

East Senatorial District, the

statement said.

Also, Senator Nnamani has

provided solar powered street

lights in New Heaven Enugu

and motor parks in Enugu


Akpanoko assures Okowa, Ibori, Amori, others

of support

No faction in Imo APC —Govt

Chancellor of Imo State University,

Professor Adaobi Obasi.

The Presidents-General of

the two communities mostly

affected by the incident are

members of the committee.

"The Committee, among

other functions, would manage

the cash I have made

available and other palliatives

that would also be available,

to ensure that the affected

families benefit. The committee

would also reconcile all

those affected by the development.

By Paul Olayemi

JESSE—THE former Assis

tant Publicity Secretary of

the Peoples Democratic Party,

PDP, in Delta State, London

Owhofasa Akpanoko on

Friday 5th, January 2021

hosted leaders of the party in

Ethiope West Local Government

Area of the state, in an

effort to drum support for

Governor Ifeanyi Okowa and

the party while pledging his

loyalty to the party leaders

The astute business man

and politician who also hosted

the Jesse Equity group said,

it has become imperative to

do so because of the huge development,

the governor and

the party has brought to Ethiope

West and other local government


"How do I begin to thank

you all" he told the array of

dignitaries who had stormed

his country home in Jesse "Dr

Ifeanyi Okowa has done well

through our leaders here with

the massive infrastructural development

everyone is experiencing

across all the local government

areas, I want to say

your Excellency, I am grateful"

Akpanoko who thanked

former governor James Ibori,

also commended Amori, Hon

Igbakpa, Emmanuel Ighomena,

Anthony Akpomiemie

and Lovette Idisi with a

pledged to continue to work

for the party's victory in the

forthcoming elections, he then

knelt down as Amori and Hon

Igbakpa prayed for him to excel




State government, yesterday,

debunked media reports

that a faction exists in the ruling

All Progressive Congress,

APC, in the state.

It stated that the only executive

recognised by the national

leadership of the party is

led by Marcelenius Nlemigbo

while the leader remains

Governor Hope Uzodimma.

The state Commissioner for

Information and Strategy,

Declan Emelumba, who

made the clarification in

Owerri, said anybody claiming

to be the chairman of a

faction of APC in Imo State is

an impostor risking an arrest

by security agencies.

"It is a well known fact that

the national leadership of

APC recently dissolved state

executive committees and in

their place set up caretaker

committees. The chairman of

that caretaker committee in

Imo State is Marcelenius

Nlemigbo"he said.

The commissioner described

as sheer mischief and

affront on the national leadership

of APC for anyone to

claim otherwise.

Said he, " If the man they

quoted in the media is talking

of being a factional chairman

of Action Alliance or that

of a yet to be formed party, it

would be understandable. But

for him to lay any claim to a

non-existent chairmanship of

APC in Imo state is the height

of self-delusion, irresponsibility

and impersonation. This

level of impersonation should

attract the attention of security


Emelumba noted that since

Governor Hope Uzodimma

came on board, he has united

all genuine APC members

into a formidable family.

According to him, every one

that matters in imo including

the minister from the state, Dr

Emeka Nwajiuba, are all in

the same umbrella with the


While acknowledging that

they may be renegades who

sabotaged the party in 2019

governorship election and

who are bent on painting APC

black from outside the party,

he said such people should not

be given undue media attention.

He also urged APC members

in the state to ignore the

antics of those planning to

sabotage the registration exercise

of APC.

Responding, Amori, Chief

Akpomiemie and Chief Ighomena

commended Akpanoko

for the event adding

that his immense contributions

to the growth of the party was

noticeable and worthy of emulation,

Hon Igbakpa on his

part said the arrays of dignitaries

at the event was a pointer

to the fact that Chief Akpanoko

was a good man "I am

so glad that you all came, it

shows that Chief London Akpanoko

is one man everybody

should be proud of" adding

that the only way to succeed is

to dare, be prayerful and hard


The House of Rep member

also called for unity among the

party members, insisting that

if the party is united, they will

continue to bring more dividends

of democracy to the people.

14 — Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021

:Vanguard News

:@vanguardnews :@vanguardnews NEWS HOTLINES: 08052867023, 08052867058

HANDOVER: From left—Mrs. Grace Ojougboh, Head, Online Media and Special Publication, Nigerian

Communications Commission, NCC; Bako Wakil, Director, Technical Standards and Network Integrity, NCC;

Prof. Umar Garba Danbatta, Executive Vice Chairman/CEO, Nigerian Communications Commission, NCC and

Dr. Ikechukwu Adinde, Director, Public Affairs, NCC, during the handover of the Security and Emergency

Management Award, SAEMA, 2020 to the EVC in Abuja.

Zamfara APC factions adopt conditions

for peace

•Recognize ex-Gov Yari party leader,

•Senator Marafa to withdraw all court cases

By Ibrahim Hassan

KADUNA—THE two fac

tions of All Progressive

Congress, APC, in Zamfara

State, weekend met in Kaduna

and adopted conditions for

peace in the party.

One of the conditions is that

persistent violation of the

agreement and inability to respect

the terms by either faction

would amount to voiding

of the overall agreement.

Similarly, notwithstanding

the dissolution of parallel party

structures, the two factions

(Marafa and Yari factions)

shall be maintained for six

months with alignments

evolving naturally until one

party is achieved. After this, a

review meeting will be convened

to evaluate the progress


These were parts of resolutions

made available to Journalists

in Kaduna after an enlarged

reconciliation meeting

of the supporters of Senator

Kabiru Marafa from all the

147 wards and 14 Local Governments

of Zamfara State on

6th and 7th February, 2021

and deliberated on the reconciliation

effort initiated by

APC national care taker committee

led by Governor Maimala


Among other resolutions,

"The interim leadership of APC

in Zamfara State from the faction

of Abdul'Azeez Yari

Abubakar is accepted in good

spirit of progress with high expectations

for fair deal through

the inclusion of Senator Kabiru

Marafa's supporters at all

levels. By this statement, all

parallel party structures under

Senator Kabiru Marafa

are considered dissolved.

" Abdul'Azeez Yari

Abubakar is recognised as the

leader of the party in the spirit

of reconciliation, unity and

progress of Zamfara as a state

and APC as a Party. All court

cases initiated by Senator

Kabiru Marafa led faction

in respect of party leadership

are hereby withdrawn for the

reconciliation to thrive.

"Notwithstanding the dissolution

of parallel party structures,

the two factions (Marafa

and Yari factions) shall

Kwara APC crisis: Gov AbdulRazaq talks

tough, says dissidents risk suspension

By Demola Akinyemi


morrow commencement

of nationwide membership

registration by the All Progressives

Congress, APC,

Governor AbdulRahman AbdulRazaq

of Kwara State, yesterday

said that those fanning

ember of disaffection in the

Kwara State APC risk suspended.

According to him, the party

would today take decisive action

against dissidents, who

he alleged, had been plotting

from Abuja to halt the APC

be maintained for six months

with alignments evolving naturally

until one party is

achieved. After this, a review

meeting will be convened to

evaluate the progress made.

"For the sake of clarity, the

Marafa faction comprises interests

from the erstwhile

Wakkala, Abu Magaji, Dan

Ali groups.There shall be an

arbitration committee with

representatives from each faction

that will monitor the implementation

of agreed terms

of reference.

"The leadership of the two

factions should caution their

members especially the social

media team against unguarded

utterances that can affect

membership registration

through perceived needless


AbdulRazaq spoke at the

2021 empowerment programme

by the Senator representing

Kwara Central in

the National Assembly, Dr

Ibrahim Yahaya Oloriegbe,

where he equipped no fewer

than 225 beneficiaries with

different tools.

Recall that the national leadership

of the APC had ordered

the nationwide registration of

members and those aspiring

to join the party..

AbdulRazaq, who spoke

Strike: State varsity Pro Chancellors make case for

no work, no pay rule policy

By Demola Akinyemi


Chancellor of State Universities

in Nigeria, COPCSUN,

has asked owners and management

of education institutions

in Nigeria to stop paying

salaries of workers who

are on strike.

Chairman of COPCSUN,

Mallam Yusuf Ali (SAN), said

that is what is done in developed

countries of the world to

restore sanity to the nation's

collapsed education and

achieve desired goals.

Ali who spoke in Ilorin on

the state of the nation, said the

habit of paying striking staff

their salaries especially in tertiary

institutions had greatly

contributed to the poor stan-

dard of education in Nigeria.

While canvassing for stoppage

of salaries of striking

workers in Nigerian tertiary

institutions, COPCSUN's

Chairman said "In all parts

of the world, the principle of

no pay, no work is duly observed

and it should be applied

in Nigeria. Even, countries

that we think they are rich

like USA, UK and Europe, the

principle of no work, no pay

remains their main principle.

"In Europe, USA and UK,

if you go on strike for two or

three days, money will be deducted

from your salary as

simple as that, but here in

Nigeria, people get compensated

for abandoning their


Ali who faulted a situation

where members of the Academic

Staff Union of Universities,

ASUU and other unions

would go on strike for over one

year and would still receive

full salaries, contended that

such practice would continue

to affect the academic performance

of the students.

According to him, "I want

to say that there is nothing like

make up for students that have

been abandoned for over one

year by the lecturers because

time is something you can

never regain again, and that

is the truth.

"Because when you lose

time, it may be very difficult

to regain it. Many universities

in the country are now

cancelling their academic

calendar for 2019/2020 due

to the strike embarked on by

the ASUU and that is a great

loss to the students and parents.

the process of the reconciliation.

Distinguished members

should be enlightened in form

of training to facilitate the reconciliation

of the two groups.

"Persistent violation of the

agreement and inability to

respect the terms by either faction

amounts to automatic

dissolution of the overall

agreement and give the aggrieved

party the automatic

right to go its way. The terms

spelt out in this resolution and

those to be discussed in a

closed-door meeting between

Abdul'Azzeez Yari Abubakar

and Senator Kabiru Marafa

should be communicated to

the leadership of APC at national

level accordingly."

before he flagged off Oloriegbe's

empowerment tools,

among others, said, "We want

to call on our members and

others who are interested in

our party to troop out in large

numbers for the APC membership

registration scheduled

to commence from Tuesday

this week. Adequate security

arrangement had been

provided. So, you need not

entertaining fear about your


"It has come to our notice

that some people were hatching

series of plots from Abuja

to stop APC membership registration.

They went to court

to challenge the process when

it has already begun. This was

designed to frustrate the exercise

but we are unperturbed.

"However, we need to sound

a note of warning that those

fanning ember of disaffection

in our party risk suspension.

The APC leadership will take

decisive action on them on

Monday (tomorrow) so that

our people can have rest of


"From our own end, we can

assure you again that there is

no cause for alarm. Our

members and those interested

in the party should go to

their polling unit from Tuesday

and register"

Oloriegbe, who commended

the Governor for providing

true leadership in the state,

implored APC members to

recognize the governor as the

leader of the party, saying that

he had exhibited humility and

performed excellently within

his short period in office.

How Nigeria can overcome cycle

of violence —Lalong

By Marie-Therese




mon Lalong of Plateau

State, yesterday said bloodshed,

destruction of property

and cycle of violence in the

country would not end except

Nigerians learn to forgive one

another and embrace peaceful


The governor spoke during

an inter-denominational service

at St. Louis Catholic

Church, Jos to mark the

State's third Day of Forgiveness

and Reconciliation.

According to the governor,

"Unless Nigerians learn to

forgive one another and avoid

revenge and reprisals; the nation

will continue to witness

needless bloodshed and destruction

of properties. As a

Government, we are very conscious

of the fact that the process

of restoring peace and

confidence among the people

cannot succeed without forgiveness

and reconciliation.

"On this day therefore, we

do not try to trivialize or gloss

over the trauma, pain and

agony that many people have

APGA wins House of Reps

by-election in Niger

By Wole



National Electoral

Commission, INEC, has

declared the All Progressives

Grand Alliance, APGA, winner

of the Saturday House of

Representatives By-Election of

Magama/Rijau Federal Constituency

conducted, in Niger


INEC Returning Officer ,

Professor Yahaya Baba of the

Usmandan Fodio University,

Sokoto, who announced the

result described the election as

a success.

The result as announced

shows that APGA Candidate,

Salihu Salleh polled 22,965

votes to beat his closest challenger,

Emmanuel Alamu Endoza

of thePeoples Democratic

Party, PDP, who got 22,507

votes and the ADC candidate,

Halilu Yussuf who scored 316


The Returning Officer said

there were 169,000 registered

Delta govt flags off 2020/2021

rabbies vaccination campaign


Ministry of Agriculture

and Natural Resources, in

conjunction with the Federal

Ministry of Agriculture and

Rural Development, has

flagged off the 2020/2021

Rabies Vaccination Campaign

and the distribution of

biosecurity inputs to pig farmers

and poultry marketers in

the state.

Commissioner for Agriculture

and Natural Resources,

Mr Julius Egbedi, who performed

the flag off in Asaba,

stated that the programme

was to forestall the outbreak

of animal diseases such as rabies

in dogs and cats, among


Egbedi said rabies and other

contagious diseases needed

to be tackled nationally, describing

the rabies as a highly

fatal zoonotic disease of dogs

undergone on account of the

various crises that took lives

and properties. Others are still

bearing physical scars of their

experiences. What this day

emphasizes is how to make

the best of the past ugly experiences

and chart the way forward.

If truly we want to move

forward, then there is every

need to encourage healing that

makes us do things differently."

On steps taken to ensure

lasting peace, Lalong disclosed

that in the last five

years, the Plateau Peace Building

Agency had held over 87

multi-level dialogue sessions

with conflict parties across 17

Local Governments of the

State to promote the culture

of peace through forgiveness

and reconciliation and had

led to the signing of several

Peace Agreements and Commitments

to the pursuit of

peace in hitherto warring


He frowned at the exploitation

of the social media by crises

merchants who generate

and circulate unfounded

posts suggesting that there

was no peace in Plateau State

and that his Government had

not achieved anything.

voters for the election in the

Constituency out of which a

total of 46,499 were cast while

there were a total of 45808

valid votes and 691 rejected


The Supreme Court had disqualified

All Progressives Congress,

(APC) candidate from

the Saturday Election for failure

to resign from his job before

contesting and also exempted

the Party from taking

part in the election.

Three INEC Commissioners

including the National Commissioner

in Charge of Voters

Education Mr. Festus Okoye

monitored the election.

Though there were reported

cases of violence and thuggery

few hours to the election during

which Ballot Boxes and

Election materials were

snatched by some hoodlums

in some Polling Units, INEC

Resident Electoral Commissioner

in charge of Niger State

Prof Sam Egwu commended

the Electorates for their peaceful

conduct during the election.

and cats, man and other animals,

spread through bite and

saliva of infected animals.

He listed the symptoms of

the disease to include aggressiveness,

heavy salivation,

restlessness and general

change in behaviour, which

had been termed "mad dog"


The Agric Commissioner

said a bite or wound contacted

from a rabid dog or an

open wound coming in contact

with the saliva of an infected

animal is enough to

transmit the disease which

could lead to death.

Speaking on the occasion,

the Director of Veterinary Service,

Dr Charles Diai, said the

World Health Organization

(WHO), had proposed the

eradication of rabies by the

year 2030 and called on

Deltans to bring their dogs

and cats for vaccination.

Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021 — 15



Alapomu of Apomu Kingdom, Oba Kayode Adenekan Afolabi and his wife, Olori

Janet, during the cutting of the anniversary cake.

General Manager/Editor-in-Chief, Vanguard Newspapers,

Mr Gbenga Adefaye (left) and Mr Stephen Awoyemi.

From left, Speaker, Osun State House of Assembly, Timothy Owoeye;

Celebrant, Alapomu of Apomu Kingdom, Oba Kayode Adenekan Afolabi,

and Majority Leader, Osun State House of Assembly, Marouf


From left, Olu of Owode Ofaro, Kwara State, Oba Ayilaran Babatunde;

Alatanda of Atanda, Oba Abdulwahab Abiodun and Asiwaju Moshood


16 — Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021

Send Opinions & Letters to:


Laws, enforcers, principles and


THERE are people you meet

who not only leave a lasting

impression on you but also change

your perspectives on issues or

particular institutions. I had a

cynical view of the Nigeria Police

Force, NPF, until I met Yomi

Onashile. I was from 1990-92,

Secretary of Nigeria Union of

Journalists, NUJ, B Zone which

comprised the states of the old

Western Region.

The Zone organised a workshop

for journalists on drugs. Onashile

represented the Inspector General

of Police, IGP, at the workshop and

he presented such a brilliant paper

and in so captivating a manner,

that some of my colleagues asked

if I was sure he was a police officer.

That evening, I sat down with him

at the bar and we had a long

discussion on policing locally and


He convinced me that the

Nigerian policeman was not

inferior to his international

counterparts except for poor

leadership, under funding,

nepotism and politicisation.

He thought if these were

addressed and re-orientation

carried out, the country would have

the police it deserves. I was


THE Constitution of the Federal Republic

of Nigeria in its Third Schedule Part I

Item F 15 sets out the powers of the

Independent National Electoral Commission,

INEC. It states inter alia: “The commission

shall have power to - (a) organise, undertake

and supervise all elections to the offices of the

President and Vice President, the Governor

and Deputy Governor of a State, and to the

membership of the Senate, the House of

Representatives and the House of Assembly of

each State of the Federation; ….”

The Constitution in section 158 guarantees

the independence of the Commission along

with some other Federal bodies in order to

ensure that they exercise their respective

functions free from external influence, control

or interference. The need for the Commission

to carry out its functions free from any external

control is very crucial considering the fact that

free, fair and credible elections form the basis

of citizens’ participation in the choice of their

elected representatives into public office which

is the essence of democracy.

In the discharge of its functions and exercise

of its powers under the Item F 15 (a), the

primary duty of INEC is to ascertain, through

election, the will of the electorate or voters

and to declare the candidate with the highest

number of votes as winner of the election. The

Constitution could not have envisaged that

the Independent National Electoral

Commission will share this power with any

other authority or organ of government but

sadly that has become the reality as election

tribunals and courts have repeatedly declared

as winner of an election a candidate different

from that declared as winner by INEC – the

body that organised, undertook and supervised

the election in the first place.

It is a serious anomaly, incongruity and an

aberration for INEC to conduct an election

and declare a winner and for other persons

who took no part in the conduct of the election

to declare a different person as winner. This

renders the word Independent in the name of

particularly fascinated about his

exposé on the INTERPOL and how

Nigeria police officers excel in

international trainings and

engagements. However, what I had

not averted my mind to was his

argument that to truly position the

NPF, depoliticise it and make it

responsible to the citizenry, the IGP

should not be a police man. He

mentioned as possible candidates,

principled and independent people

like Gani Fawehinmi who knew

the law, are human rights activists

and could not be compromised.

A quarter of a century later,

Onashile’s persuasive arguments

were the basis of the July 11, 2016

column I wrote titled: ‘The IGP

need not be a policeman’. One of

my arguments was that the

appointment of a new IGP leads to

a very high rate of attrition in the

officer corps as all those senior to

the new appointee are forced to

retire no matter how brilliant or

productive they were.

I pointed out that the June 2016

appointment of Ibrahim Kpotun

Idris, an Assistant Inspector

General, AIG as the Acting IGP led

to the compulsory retirement of six

Deputy Inspector Generals and 21


I argued that since the position

of the IGP is essentially a political

appointment, the police can be

insulated from it if he is appointed

from outside the force, so the police

becomes like the Civil Service,

essentially a career structure

terminating at a position like a

Permanent Secretary. So the DIGs

can be like Permanent Secretaries.

I argued that since the basic

functions of the police are to

preserve and enforce law and

order, and protect life and property,

the job of the IGP is supervisory or

administrative, not operational.

This function, a retired judge,

conscientious Senior Advocate of

Nigeria or intellectual can

perform creditably.

These submissions are also in

line with my position that the police

Laws are made to be

obeyed not to be side

tracked, observed in

the breach or

trampled upon

should not be a ‘force’ but a civil

agency run by local, state and the

federal governments. Although I

heard most of these arguments

from Onashile some 25 years

before, it sparked heated debate

and seemed too radical.

One of the structured responses

to my column was from former

IGP Sunday Ehindero who said he

read my “tendentious” piece with

“disbelief”. In dismissing my

arguments, he made an allusion

that if the Chief Justice of Nigeria,

CJN, must be a judge, the IGP must

also be a policeman.

Today, five years after, I can

respond to Mr. Ehindero that just

as the IGP need not be a policeman,

so should the Chief Justice not

NASS, INEC and exclusive powers to declare election winners

the Commission worthless and meaningless.

It does not make sense and is inherently wrong.

This is more so where the person declared by

the court to have won the election did not

originally have the majority of the votes cast

in the election. This usually happens after the

votes (sometimes running into hundreds of

thousands) of the candidate declared winner

are annulled by the courts and tribunals or are

declared “wasted votes” for reasons due to no

fault of the voters. This has given rise to the

emergence of elected officials who were

rejected at the polls by the voters but emerged

through the courts as winners in total disregard

of the will of the majority of the people that

heeded the call to perform their civic duty.

The essence of democracy is thus defeated.

Elections, to that extent, have ceased to reflect

the will of the people but the will of the judges

sometimes by a split decision of 2:1, 3:2, etc,

as the case may be. Elections should be won at

the polls, not in a court of law. They should be

a reflection of the will of the voters, not the

brilliance of election petition lawyers or the

Elections should be won at the

polls, not in a court of law; they

should be a reflection of the will of

the voters, not the brilliance of

election petition lawyers or the

will of courts of law or other

extraneous consideration

will of courts of law or other extraneous

consideration. Every vote must count because

this goes to the very foundation of democracy.

In an attempt to correct this anomaly, the

National Assembly introduced section 140 of

the Electoral Act 2010. It states: “(2) Where an

election tribunal or court nullifies an election

on the ground that the person who obtained

the highest votes at the election was not

qualified to contest the election or that the

election was marred by substantial

irregularities or non-compliance with the

provisions of the Act, the election tribunal or

necessarily be a judge. In fact, one

of the most famous CJNs in

Nigerian history, Professor Taslim

Olawale Elias who was appointed

Chief Justice in 1972 was never a

judge. Interestingly, after the July

1975 coup that removed the

Gowon government that

appointed Elias, the United

Nations appointed him into the

International Court of Justice, IJC

and in 1982, he became the

President of the IJC.

It was not surprising to me that

despite his brilliance, high

education, being an uncommon

finger print expert and deep

knowledge of INTERPOL,

Onashile did not make it beyond

the rank of Commissioner of

Police, CP, before retirement. I

never met Onashile again after our

unforgettable encounter in the

early 1990s. Unfortunately, I will

never meet him again because on

Saturday, January 30, 2021, he

became one more victim of the

COVID-19 pandemic.

Coincidentally, two days after

Onashile passed, IGP

Mohammed Abubakar Adamu

became statutorily eligible for

retirement in line with the public

service regulations and in

accordance with Clause 18 (8) of

the Nigeria Police Act, 2020. That

Clause stipulates that: “Every

police officer shall, on recruitment

or appointment, serve in the

Nigeria Police Force for a period

of 35 years or until he attains the

age of 60 years, whichever is


Adamu was recruited into the

NPF on February 1,1986. But 35

years later, on February 1, 2021,

Adamu who legally was no longer

a policeman, refused or declined

to leave. As the chief law enforcer

of the country, the IGP is expected

court shall not declare the person with the

second highest votes or any other person as

elected, but shall order a fresh election”.

Regrettably, the courts have struck down this

well-intentioned provision as unconstitutional

and an attempt to muzzle the judiciary. They

have continued to carry on as before (See for

instance, Labour Party v INECFHC/ABJ/CS/

399/2011 delivered by Hon Justice G Kolawole

on 21 July 2011). It has now become imperative

for the National Assembly to revisit the

principle behind section 140 of the Electoral

Act 2010 by incorporating it into the

Constitution during this current Constitution

Review exercise.

Many prominent Nigerians have spoken

against the current practice of electoral-victorythrough-the-court,

describing it as

undemocratic. Prominent among these are

former President Goodluck Jonathan who is

reported to have said that the outcome of

elections must be decided by ballots and not

by the courts. In his words: “If the ballots don’t

decide who wins, then we are not practising

democracy”. Also Comrade Adams Aliyu

Oshiomhole, who was himself a beneficiary of

court-ordered electoral victory, has

condemned the practice and described it as

undemocratic. According to him: “The court

should not impose. If the courts find out that

the preferred candidate did not win, for me, the

only democratic option, the legal option will

be to repeat the exercise... Nothing should

empower the court to impose a man rejected

by the people on the people. That goes to the

heart of democracy and it destroys the fabric

of our democratic process… The very best the

court can do is to order that the exercise be

repeated because in a democracy, nobody other

than the people can choose who governs them.

For me this is fundamental.”

In a similar vein, Professor Itse Sagay SAN,

(Chairman, Presidential Advisory Committee

Against Corruption) who was himself a

member of the team of lawyers that secured

electoral victory in the court for Adams

Oshiomhole in 2008 now sees the wrongfulness

to obey, not break the law. So, in

order not to be a law breaker,

Adamu should have quit office

honourably and handed over to the

most senior DIG. But he not only

stayed put in office expecting

President Muhammadu Buhari to

endorse and extend his illegal stay,

but publicly went to the airport to

salute the President on his return

from Daura.

Meanwhile, his public relations

machinery was being oiled to

campaign for his retention

contrary to the law. In an

international television network,

Lawrence Alobi, a retired CP after

listing non-tangible and

unsubstantiated ‘successes’ of

Adamu, claimed that all will be

lost unless the latter is allowed to

remain in office contrary to the

law. In a disingenuous and

insulting argument, he

paraphrased Jesus Christ that the

law is made for man, not man for

the law.

So, to Alobi, Adamu does not

need to obey the country’s law on

his status as a retired police officer

nor does President Buhari have to

respect the Police Act he signed just

four months ago, in September,

2020. Acting the poorly written

Nollywood-like script, President

Buhari has extended Adamu’s

tenure by three months. This is at

the first instance.

Who knows, at the pleasure of

Mr. President, he can continue to

extend the tenure of a man who in

the eyes of the law, is no longer in

the NPF. Only in monarchies can

the king or prince do as he pleases,

but in a democracy, the country

can only be governed based on the

constitution and laws. Laws are

made to be obeyed not to be sidetracked,

observed in the breach or

trampled upon.

in the practice, saying “it’s unfortunate we now

allow judges, instead of the electorate, to give

us governors”. (See Sunday Vanguard 7 April

2019 at p.10). The time has come to “work the

talk” and take corrective action.

If the court finds that there has been a

serious infraction or violation of the law

which amounts to substantial irregularity or

substantial non-compliance in the election, the

tribunal or court can and should nullify the

election and order a repeat of the election.

Anything beyond that puts the judiciary and

its impartiality in a dangerous situation where

its integrity can be called to question as we

have seen in recent times.

I believe it is expedient to heed the weighty

admonitions in the interest of our democracy

and for many other reasons, namely: It will

help to preserve the integrity of our judiciary

and restore public confidence which has been

imperilled on account of this unwholesome

practice, albeit permitted by extant law. It will

insulate the judiciary from political pressure

to compromise in return for financial

inducements or blackmail.

It will help preserve our democracy lest we

suffer the fate which recently befell Mali. That

country’s government was brought down by a

military coup partly on account of the decision

of their Constitutional Court which nullified

the election of many members of the

opposition in Parliament and replaced them

with supporters of the government who had

lost at the polls. The consequences of our

Supreme Court handing over an electoral

mandate to a person other than the INECdeclared

winner in a Presidential election, for

instance, can best be imagined. We should be

mindful of Murphy’s Law which states that

anything that can go wrong will, sooner or

later, go wrong. It will reduce voters’ apathy

which is fuelled by the growing impression

that in Nigerian elections votes don’t count. It

will reduce the spate of litigation, many of them

frivolous, by fortune-hunting litigants who

explore every available avenue, fair or foul, to

get into office using the courts.

Continues online. www.vanguardngr.com

•Prof. Osunbor, a former governor of Edo

State wrote from Abuja




What’s the big deal about


ANEW CBN directive, dated

February 5, 2021, has ordered

all deposit money banks, DMBs, nonbank

financial institutions, NBFIs,

and other financial institutions,

OFIs, that have opened windows for

dealing in cryptocurrencies or

facilitating payments for such

currencies to close them down. They

are required to identify “persons and

or entities transacting in or

operating cryptocurrency exchanges

within their systems and ensure that

such accounts are closed


In early January the apex bank had

issued a circular warning all

regulated financial institutions and

members of the public about the risks

associated with cryptocurrency

transactions. For my part, I worry

more about the manner in which such

policies are made. It is similar to the

FGN directive ordering everyone in

the country to ensure that the phone

numbers on their registered SIM

cards are linked to their national

identity numbers, NIN. Nothing

inherently wrong with that policy.

What is wrong is the disorderly


Forcing Nigerians to link their

SIM numbers to NIN when majority

do not have access to registration

sites is worrisome. And doing so at a

time coronavirus is doubly

problematic. Rightly or wrongly,

some cynics believe that the exercise

is meant to disconnect rural dwellers

for them to become canon-fodder for

the Janjaweeds. Most of them use


SINCE the Federal Government’s

intention to acquire and inoculate

Nigerians with COVID-19 vaccines was made

public, I have read several critical comments

against the plan by some Nigerians opposing

the move without proposing alternative

solution to the pandemic in our country.

Most of the opposing views are hinged on

myths, conspiracy theories and blatant denial

of the existence of the disease. But one thing

some of them failed to understand is the fact

that the number of COVID-19 victims being

recorded daily by the Nigeria Centre for

Disease Control, NCDC, are not just figures

but fellow human beings with dreams,

aspirations, visions and passion for both

individual and collective successes.

They are the fathers who are breadwinners

of their various families; mothers, sisters and

brothers who worked hard daily to realise their

ambition but got trapped in the web of the

dreaded pandemic. As at the time of writing

this piece, there are over 1,547 deaths caused

by coronavirus while there are over 127,024

confirmed cases with 24,619 active cases -

these are citizens undergoing treatments in

various treatments centres across the

federation; apart from the huge resources spent

in the treatment of 100,858 patients who

recovered from the disease and have been


Nevertheless, now that the new strain of the

virus - B117 found in the United Kingdom has

been discovered in the country, only God knows

what would have been the fate of Nigeria had

President Muhammadu Buhari not signed the

'COVID-19 Health Protection Regulations

2021' bill into law to contain the rapid spread

of the disease in the country, especially the new

mobile phones to warn each other

whenever the Janjaweeds are in the

neighbourhood. When public

policies are capriciously formulated,

people are free to read any meanings

they like.

With regard to cryptocurrency, I

would have expected an independent

technical study sponsored by CBN

to advise on the pros and cons of

digital currencies and to advise on

the way forward. A lot of people,

particularly the youth, believe the

new directive is not unconnected

with the recent traumatic EndSars

revolt. The authorities were shocked

as to how well controlled and well

organised the protesters were.

Volunteers cooked meals and

brought them to the trenches. Soft

drinks were freely served. Vehicles

were arranged to convey volunteers

from place to place. Millions of naira

were raised almost instantaneously

to finance needs as they arose on

ground. This money mostly came by

way of cryptocurrency.

For the youths, it was their finest

hour. That is, minus the latter-day

looting which really was triggered

off by hired bandits who were

brought to confront nonviolent

protesters with guns, swords and

bayonets. History will record that,

in the darkest night of tyranny, our

youths did not disappoint. They were

brave, disciplined, united and

patriotic. They confronted the

enemies of their future draped in our

national flag and singing our

national anthem. The holy martyrs

of Lekki will never be forgotten.

Beyond the politics of COVID-19 vaccines

variant - B117 which spreads faster than the

normal virus. The new law which has made

the use of facemask and adherence to Non-

Pharmaceutical Interventions mandatory in

any part of the federation irrespective of

locality was signed by the President by virtue

of section 4 of the Quarantine Act.

Part of the law reads: “In the exercise of the

powers conferred upon me by Section 4 of the

Quarantine Act, Cap. Q2 Laws of the

Federation of Nigeria 2010 and all other

powers enabling me in that behalf; and in

consideration of the urgent need to protect the

health and wellbeing of Nigerians in the face

of the widespread and rising numbers of

COVID-19 cases in Nigeria, I, Muhammadu

Buhari, President of the Federal Republic of

Nigeria, hereby make the following


“The first part of the new regulations imposes

Should we allow politics to

triumph over vaccination

programme that will save many

lives or do we allow vaccination

to prevail over politics?

restrictions of gatherings and enforces a

physical distancing of not less than two metres

between persons at all times. The part also

provides that no gathering of more than 50

persons shall hold in an enclosed space, except

for religious purposes, in which case the

gathering shall not exceed 50 per cent capacity

of the space. All persons in public gatherings,

whether in enclosed or open spaces, shall

adhere to the provisions of Part two of these

Regulations. The provisions of these

regulations may be varied by Guidelines and

Protocols as may be issued, from time to time,

One of the knee-jerk reactions of

government was to close down the

accounts of those they identified as

“the leaders” of the uprising,

although this was later denied.

Several of the youths fled abroad.

They have been helping the Chief

Prosecutor of the International

Criminal Court, ICC, to build her

case against perpetrators of Crimes

Against Humanity in our country.

Those who see the new CBN directive

on cryptocurrency as a continuation

of that agenda might not be far


Cryptocurrency, unlike physical

cash, exists only in cyberspace. That

may not be saying much. You could

say that much of what we know as

money today is also largely digital.

Many of you, my gentle readers, use

credit cards for many of your

transactions. In our day and age of

fractional banking, much of what

goes for money exists only in the

ledgers of banks. This is why central

bankers and high financiers are

regarded as rainmakers. They can

create money from nothing.

We must adopt a rationalscientific

attitude of

tapping into what is

advantageous in

cryptocurrencies while

curbing what is negative or


Money is defined as anything that

can be used as a unit of account, a

medium of exchange or a store of

value. In ancient times, things like

cattle, cowries and even salt were

once used as money. Of course,

metals such as silver and gold were

widely used as money across most

civilisations. Paper money was first

invented by the Chinese in the seventh

century during the Tang Dynasty,

although its widespread use

emerged only in the 11th century

during the Song Dynasty. The

Venetians in the 16th century were

credited with the invention of

banking as we know it today. Dealers

used to sit behind wooden banks

(banco) whilst issuing IOUs to

Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2020 — 17

wayfaring merchants who preferred

not to carry gold or silver, being wary

of pirates and highwaymen.

Cryptocurrency is a phenomenon

associated with our recent global

digital revolution. And yet, it does

bear some uncanny similarities with

a form of symbolic money that was

used by the ancient Micronesians on

the island of Yap. Known as rai, they

were heavy limestone monuments

that were kept under the sea.

Financial experts liken these stone

legal tender currencies to the

encrypted blockchain ledgers that

we know as cryptocurrency today. We

define cryptocurrencies as digital

payments that can be exchanged for

goods and services online.

According to recent surveys, as many

as 6,700 cryptocurrencies, valued at

$890 billion, are being traded


The first cryptocurrency, Bitcoin,

valued today at a staggering $563

billion, was invented by an

anonymous Japanese computer buff

by the name of Satoshi Nakamoto.

Bitcoin is a series of decentralised

transactions controlled by

blockchain that acts as a foolproof

ledger for all transactions. You do

not have to know anybody you are

trading with. The transactions are

guaranteed to be safe and secure.

Many of our Yahoo generation are

investing in cryptocurrencies

because they like their decentralised

character and the fact that they are

not susceptible to inflation the way

ordinary money is. Cryptocurrencies

are legal in the United States,

although several countries have

banned their use. These include

China, Iran, Bolivia, Nepal,

Bangladesh, Ecuador and Morocco.

There is no doubt that

cryptocurrencies are volatile and

risky. The transactions are

irreversible, unlike in regular

banking transactions. They are

anonymous. There are no regulators.

For all you know, at the end of the

transaction, you may be doing

business with a fraudster, child

molester or terrorist. The world’s

greatest investor, Warren Buffett,

dismisses cryptocurrencies as a

worthless delusion and “right

by the PTF on COVID-19 on the

recommendation of the Nigeria Centre for

Disease Control, NCDC. The second part of

the law addresses operations of public places

like open markets, malls, supermarkets, shops,

restaurants, hotels, event centres, gardens,

leisure parks, recreation centres, motor parks

and fitness centres. The law provides for

wearing of face masks, hands washing, and

the use of hand sanitisers, amongst other

regulations. It stipulates a penalty of a fine or

a prison of six months for offenders.”

Before now, government strategy has been

on interrupting the viral transmission of the

disease; reducing its risk on the health system

from being overwhelmed due to increased

demand, minimising mortality among most

vulnerable parts of the population until the

curve is finally flattened. The second wave of

the pandemic was, however, made worse by

super-spreaders like the general and byeelections

in some states, EndSARS protesters,

Christmas and New Year festivities. With the

rising cases as well as the entrance of the B117

varriant, government cannot fold its arm to

watch the predictions of those who said Africa

would be littered with dead bodies to come


Nonetheless, it is instructive to note that

government started the battle from the standpoint

of weakness with manpower shortages,

inadequate facilities, poor equipment, among

others. But today, the reverse is the case as the

difference is clear in terms sample collection,

testing and establishment of treatment centers

with Intensive Care Units in all the states of

the federation. Thanks to the leadership and

members of the Presidential Task Force on

COVID-19 who accepted the uneasy task

despite the false and malicious accusations,

media attacks, stereotyping and all sorts of

unprintable names and allegations.

Probably, if only these Nigerians should get

Send Opinions & Letters to:


poison squared”. He has always

counselled value investors never to

invest in what they do not know.

Buffett obviously understands

neither technology nor the cyber


Instead of our CBN shutting down

cryptocurrencies altogether, I would

have hoped that they would tap into

this sector for what it’s worth. The

Bank for International Settlements,

BIS, the international organisation

that coordinates the policies of

central banks across the world,

recently came up with a framework

for monetary authorities to develop

central bank digital currencies,

CBDCs. The BIS has been in

conversation with the American

Federal Reserve, the Bank of

England and the European Central

Bank, ECB, regarding that agenda.

The emerging consensus is that

central banks could indeed develop

their own digital currencies as a

complement but not a substitute, for

existing legal tender currencies.

Bank Sverige, the Swedish central

bank, is already working on

developing its own digital currency,

known as the “e-krona”.

The rise of the new economic

powers is reshaping the structure

and physiognomy of international

monetary order. The United States

and the advanced industrial nations

have set the printing presses rolling

by way of Quantitative Easing to

solve their financial predicaments in

a time of turmoil. Speculators know

that sooner or later something will

have to give. The flight to safety in

gold and the emergence of

cryptocurrency are among the many

ways in which rational economic

actors aim to protect their assets in

bleak times.

At a time of high unemployment,

spiraling inflation, weakening naira

and worsening life-chances, many of

our enterprising youths have found

new opportunities in cyberspace. The

wisest thing to do is not to bury our

heads in the sand like the proverbial

ostrich in the desert. Rather, we must

adopt a rational-scientific attitude

of tapping into what is advantageous

in cryptocurrencies while curbing

what is negative or deleterious.

to know that what is now regarded as the PTF

was just a piece of paper that was handed over

to its chairman, Mr. Boss Mustapha on March

9, 2020, maybe they will begin to appreciate

the level of work done and support it in the

challenging tasks ahead. So, when government

says we should take personal responsibility and

‘say no’ to vaccine hesitancy, it is for our own

good and safety because if the worst should

happen, there would not be space in our

hospitals to treat other ailments.

Another reason that favours vaccination

programme is the shortage of health

professionals in the country. According to a

report, the ratio of Nigerian doctors to the

population is 1: 2,753. This means one doctor

will be treating 2,753 patients should everyone

be infected with the virus. By all standards, the

doctor-patient ratio in the country is

inadequate because the World Health

Organisation recommendation is 1: 600 which

means one doctor should be responsible for

600 patients.

As we all know, ideals are not always

translated to reality, especially in Least

Developed Countries, LDCs, because of so

many factors. Therefore, the question to those

encouraging vaccine hesitancy is: should we

allow politics to triumph over vaccination

programme that will save many lives or do we

allow vaccination to prevail over politics

knowing full well that advanced countries of

the world like the United States with all the

state-of-the-arts medical facilities just recorded

433,000 deaths with 25.8 million infected

persons? As the nation prepares to roll out its

own vaccination programme anytime soon,

history will remember us if we encourage

vaccination by the power of our example and

not by the example of our power.

•Comrade Uhara, a UN-trained negotiator,

wrote from Abuja





18—Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021

LAST Friday, at the official unveiling

of the Hyundai Kona electric car by the

Stallion Group, Director-General of the

National Automotive Design and

Development Council, NADDC, Mr.

Jelani Aliyu, announced the Federal

Government’s plan to begin Electric

Vehicle Pilot programme in three

universities – the Usmanu Danfodiyo

University, Sokoto; University of

Nigeria, Nsukka and the University of


But in 2018, Nigeria had unveiled its

first Electric Vehicle, EV - a five-seater

car named ‘Lion Ozumba 551’. It was

produced by the Engineering Faculty

of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka,

UNN, which had also produced the first

gasification plant that used organic

waste to generate electricity.

The UNN EV was named after the

immediate past Vice-Chancellor of

UNN, Prof. Benjamin Ozumba, who

laid the foundation for innovation and

technology at the university.

The 2018 EV milestone at UNN was

followed by the introduction of the

Nigeria and the global efforts to save

the environment

Electric Cars Bill in 2019 (SB.726),

promoted by Senator Ben Murray-

Bruce. The Bill sought an Act that would

phase out petrol-powered vehicles by

2035 and introduce electric cars.

With the breakthrough in local

production of EVs in the country and

the proposed Electric Cars Bill on the

floor of the Senate, environmentalists

had hoped that Nigeria was ready to

enter the league of nations making

efforts to curb emission of Greenhouse

Gases, thereby contributing its quota to

tackling climate change and switching

over to cleaner energy sources.

That hope was, however, dashed when

Senator Murray-Bruce withdrew the

Bill following intense bashing by his

colleagues. But EVs are cheap,

environment-friendly and easy to

maintain. In countries that care for the

environment, buying of EVs also come

with huge tax incentives and subsidies

from government.

Environmental skepticism and

resistance to global efforts towards

clean energy switchover as a result of

greed for profits in crude oil sales is as

futile as standing against a moving


As of December 2018, there were

about 5.3 million light-duty all-electric

and plug-in hybrid vehicles in use

around the world. Besides, quite a

number of countries have fixed a date

at which they project to phase out

internal combustion engines and

migrate to clean energy.

France, for instance, plans to pass

legislation this year to phase out all oil

and gas exploration and production on

its mainland and overseas territories

by 2040.

In the United States, with a stroke of

the pen immediately after being sworn

in as President, Joe Biden had pulled

the US back to the Paris climate accord

and took a series of coordinated actions

that may well mark the official

beginning of the end of the fossil-fuel

era, after Trump had pulled the country

out of the accord.

It is important for us to understand

that we must embrace the future which

is EVs and renewable energy. With the

inherent innovativeness of Nigerians

and abundant solar energy from the

sun, Nigeria can make more money

from renewable energy technology, and

at the same time find lasting solution

to her intractable problem of epileptic

power supply.

How to prevent the nation’s disintegration


WITH the appointment of new service

chiefs, many people feel relieved and

think that President Muhammadu Buhari is

finally listening to the pulse of the nation. Some

have even argued that the appointment is a

clear indication and a proactive way of

addressing many insecurity issues in the

country such as the Sunday Igboho’s eviction

order, Governor Akeredolu’s riot act against

criminal herders in Ondo forests and the

ongoing clashes between the military and

Eastern Security Network in Imo State.

There is no doubt that it was expedient to

change the service chiefs given their long stay

in office and escalating insecurity issues in the

country, but the question is if the change will

bring the needed solution to our increasing

insecurity challenges. I do not think so! Like

other major problems we have in Nigeria, the

insecurity situation we have is far beyond

change of service chiefs. Moreover, the way

the service chiefs and other appointments are

made with clear preference and domination

of a section of the country in comparison to

the unquestionable exclusion and

marginalisation of another section of the

country contributes to the insecurity challenges

and the Nigerian question?

Let it be known that the continuous use of

policy of preference and marginalisation in

the appointments and governance of the

country, particularly by the current

government, will never create a stable and

prosperous Nigeria. It is a natural law that

what is bad is bad and will never sustainably

grow and what is good is good and will

sustainably grow.

Nigeria’s governance is structurally deeply

flawed and unless and until we address the

flawed structure, we will never experience

sustainable stability and progress. It is the

consequences, or the vacuum created by our

flawed structure that has led to the emergence

of non-state actors and powers such as Sunday

Igboho, Nnamdi Kanu, Yerima Shettima and


Anybody or section that is excited that his/

her section (or tribe) is dominating the

government and as such the flawed structure

should remain is short-sighted and unpatriotic

even to himself, his family and tribe.

In about two years, Buhari will be referred

to as a former president and as it has happened

before most of the major beneficiaries of this

government will be excluded in the next

government. If this is the case given the

Nigeria’s governance is

structurally deeply flawed and

unless and until we address the

flawed structure, we will never

experience sustainable stability

and progress

transitory nature of power, is it not in the interest

of the current major beneficiaries of this

government to support and push for a

sustainable structure of governance that will

better serve their interests and that of others in

and out government.

Let me reiterate that while changing of the

service chiefs is important, it will not solve the

insecurity problems we have. Focusing on

change as a solution to the insecurity

challenges is like focusing on symptoms


without attending to the causes. As earlier

stated, the main cause of most of our problems

such as insecurity, limited diversification of

the economy, poor revenue generation, poverty,

unemployment and deep-seated corruption is

the structure of governance we have.

It is a structure that enervates patriotism and

encourages nepotism; it is a structure that

promotes laziness and decimates interests in

hard work and innovative thinking. It is a

structure that lacks trust worsened by its

moderation by a legal system that is not

understood, not accepted, not internalised

resulting in a high inclination for noncompliance.

It is a structure of unproductive

engagement and buccaneering.

It is a structure focused on competition for

power rather than competition for inclusive

growth and development. It is a structure

destined to fail and that is currently and

glaringly failing in our presence! Denial of

this abundantly evident fact can only be

described as lack of patriotism and

postponement of the possible disintegration

of the country.

Irrespective of the disposition of the

president, our governors and the All

Progressives Congress, APC, Nigeria is already

heading into an irreversible crisis if urgent steps

are not taken. This is not about blaming the

elite or the unending suspicion and lack of

trusts of some sections of the country. It is about

the glaring and existential threats to Nigeria’s

continued existence as one country! There is

an immediate need to rethink and adopt a

better structure of governance in Nigeria.

As the president will like to leave a legacy,

the crisis we have in Nigeria is a kind of

serendipity for Mr. President. No achievement

or legacy will be greater than for the president

to be remembered as the leader that

Send Opinions & Letters to:


bequeathed Nigeria with a governance

structure that is inclusive and pro-growth. A

starting point will be for the president to quickly

engage with relevant arms of government such

as the National Assembly, the Nigerian

Governors Forum, the National Council of

States, the Civil Society, traditional rulers and

others with a message and advocacy of hope

and conviction on the need for a better structure

of governance through some form of power

devolution from the centre to the states.

While it might not be possible to address all

the issues at the same time, an encouraging

and impactful way to start will be to select

some items from the exclusive list widely

perceived to be better handled by the states

and move them to the concurrent list. These

will include roads and railways, police,

judiciary and mineral deposits. While there

are so many other items, starting with the above

five items which are central to the current crisis

we are having in many parts of the country

will signify that we are headed in the right


When added with a constitutional provision

for the presidency to be rotated among the

current six geo-political regions of Northcentral,

North East, North West, South East,

South-South and South West, a deep sense of

inclusiveness and oneness would have been

created. The Giant of Africa will be reborn

given the immense potentials and

opportunities that will be liberated and

utilised. We pray that PMB will heed to the

prayers of majority of Nigerians!

•Dr. Ngwu, an Economist/Associate

Professor of Strategy, Risk Management &

Corporate Governance, Lagos Business

School and a Member, Expert Network,

World Economic Forum, wrote via


By Babajide Komolafe

The naira last week buckled

under the weight of increased

dollar demand, depreciatiating in

both the parallel market and the

Investors and Exporters (I&E)

window, even as the nation’s

external reserves declined further

to $36.12 billion last week.

Data from the Central Bank of

Nigeria (CBN) showed that the

external reserves fell to $36.116

billion Wednesday last week from

$36.395 billion Wednesday the

previous week. This translated to a

$279 million week-on-week (w/w)

decline and it represents the second

Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021 — 19

Naira depreciates as external reserves decline persists to $36.12bn

weekly decline in the reserves since

December 17th.

The decline according to analysts

at Lagos based Afrinvest Securities

Limited might not be unconnected

to the recent repayment of a $500

million Eurobond instrument by the

federal government.

Meanwhile the naira

depreciated by N2.04 in the I&E

window and by 30 kobo in the

parallel market last week.

According to data from FMDQ,

the indicative exchange rate of the

I&E window rose to N396.17 per

dollar last week from N394.13 per

dollar the previous week,

translating to N2.04 depreciation for

the naira.

Similarly, the parallel marke t

exchange rate, as provided by the

naijabdcs.com, the live exchange

rate platform of the Association of

Bureaux De Change Operators of

Nigeria (ABCON), rose to N477 per

dollar last week from N476.7 per

dollar the previous week. This

translates to 30 kobo depreciation for

the naira.

This trend according to Bismarck

Rewane, Chief Executive Officer of

Financial Derivatives Company,

will persist till next month due to

rising currency pressure.

Speaking at the monthly Lagos

Business School Breakfast series,

Rewane who is also a member of the

Presidential Economic Advisory

Council, noted that the combination

of declining external reserves and

rising dollar demand could prompt

further depreciation of the naira to

N410 per dollar in the I&E window.

He said: “Currency pressures will

persist at both parallel market and

I & E window on increased forex

demand, increasing the likelihood

of another currency adjustment to

keep the I&E window & official

exchange rates closer.

“Oil prices rose by 11% to $59

per barrel, year-to-date, ytd, while

external reserves are down by

0.88% or $320 million to $36.2

billion since Jan 26. Based on this,

the exchange rate (IEFX) could

weaken to between N400 per

dollar and N410 per dollar by



Low level of financial knowledge

threatens 33.6m MSMEs

…48% of economic growth prospect under threat

•NASME advocates business support services

•Formal education not same as financial literacy —BoI

By Yinka Kolawole

Nigeria’s hope of quick

recovery from recession

and significant increase in

economic growth is under threat

from micro, small and medium

enterprises (MSMEs) sector

which accounts for 48 percent of

the nation’s Gross Domestic

Product (GDP), as 33.6 million

small businesses (62 percent)

struggle with the challenge of

poor financial literacy.

Nigeria has about 41 million

MSMEs which are businesses

with less than N100 million

annual turnover. These businesses

however contribute about 48%

of the nation’s Gross Domestic

Product (GDP), accounting for 96%

of businesses and 84% of

employment in Nigeria.

Consequently, the MSME sector

has been a major focus of the

various efforts of the federal

government and the Central bank

of Nigeria (CBN) to return the

country to the path of positive

economic GDP growth.

These include the N50 billion

Targeted Credit Facility for

Households and SMEs by the

Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)

and the N75 billion MSME

Survival Fund by the Federal


Investigations however reveal

that these interventions might

have a limited impact in

boosting economic activities and

reversing the negative GDP

growth which pushed the country

into economic recession last year,

due to the prevalence of poor

financial literacy which makes it

difficult for most of the MSMEs

to access external funding and

grow their businesses.

Confirming this challenge, a

nationwide survey of MSME

entrepreneurs shows that the vast

majority of MSMEs in Nigeria

have limited financial literacy,

and most of the entrepreneurs

surveyed recognised that greater

financial literacy would assist

them in running their businesses

more efficiently.

The survey also revealed that,

among other factors, limited

levels of financial literacy among

entrepreneurs are a significant

factor responsible for the equally

low levels of access to external


The survey was conducted by

FATE Foundation, a foremost

MSME focussed nongovernmental


development organisation, in

association with Association of

Chartered Certified Accountants

(ACCA) Nigeria.

This follows engagement

activities by FATE Foundation

and ACCA Nigeria with

entrepreneurs to understand their

levels of financial literacy,

including a survey of 6,200 which

focused on those who have

specifically undertaken financial

literacy training about the benefits

of having done so.

The survey revealed that most

entrepreneurs recognise that

greater financial literacy would

assist them in running their

businesses more efficiently.


The survey found that 82 percent

of the entrepreneurs surveyed had

no accountancy knowledge or

background. Some 73 percent of

respondents recognised they

needed greater financial literacy

skills, while 65 percent said this

would help them run their

businesses better. Only 20 percent

of respondents said that financial

literacy was not important for their

business operation.

Financial Vanguard analysis of the

survey implies that with an

estimated 41 million SMEs in

Nigeria, almost 30 million SMEs

(73%) recognised their need for

financial literacy, while just about

eight million SMEs (20%)

believe they do not need it. Also,

more than 33.6 million (82%) of

entrepreneurs had no accountancy


The report stated: “There were

strong benefits to entrepreneurs

from having attended financial

literacy courses. Among those who

had taken a financial literacy

course: those who regarded

themselves as having ‘excellent’

financial literacy skills rose from

3 percent to 5 percent; those

considering themselves as having

‘very good’ financial literacy skills

jumped from 6 percent to 20

percent; and those who rated

themselves as ‘good’ rose from 24

percent to 38 percent.

“Conversely, those with ‘poor’

financial literacy skills dropped

from 19 percent to 5 percent and

those with ‘non-existent’ skills fell

from 8 percent to 3 percent.

“Record keeping improved among

those who undertook financial

literacy training. Among those

who had, the proportion who

recorded all items of revenue and

expenditure rose from 30 percent

to 55 percent, while the proportion

who did not record all these items

fell from 30 percent to 23 percent.

“Restricted levels of financial

literacy appear to affect decisionmaking

capacity. Only 11 percent

of respondents, prior to

undertaking the training, had

used key financial reports ‘very

often’ to make business decisions,

with another 26 percent saying

they ‘often’ used these reports.

One in four never used key

financial reports when making

business decisions.

“Most of those respondents who

had attended financial literacy

courses said they had gained from

doing so. Some 79 percent

regarded the training as being

either ‘beneficial’ or ‘very

beneficial’, with only 18 percent

regarding it as ‘slightly beneficial’

and a mere three percent saying

it was ‘not beneficial’.”


Reacting, President, National

Association of Small and Medium

Enterprises (NASME), Prince

Degun Agboade, acknowledged

the low level of financial literacy

in the sector and called for

business support services.

“I concur with the outcome of the

survey that financial literacy is low

among MSMEs. And this affects

their performance negatively.

“Deliberate business support

services should be provided for

MSMEs which will enhance

financial inclusiveness,” he said.

In his comment, Michael Oye, a

Project Manager at Bank of

Industry (BoI), noted that

entrepreneurs tend to think that

Continues on page 20

20 — Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021


Hike in fixed income rate threatens

equities market rebound

By Peter Egwuatu

Against the backdrop of

the bearish trend in

the equities market last

week occasioned by the hike in

yields on Fixed Income , FI

securities, financial analysts

have indicated that a rebound in

equities may not acqualise as

risk averse investors are

expected to trade cautiously this


Bearish sentiments dominated

the equities market on the

Nigerian Stock Exchnage, NSE

last week, as concerns about the

uptick in yields in the fixed

income, FI market prompted

SEC sets new rule on registration

for Nominee function

By Obas Esiedesa

The Securities and

Exchange Commission, SEC,

on Friday released new

requirements for companies

applying to act as Nominees for

asset owners.

SEC said that all persons not

registered by the Commission as

Custodians, carrying on the

business of Nominee and holding

securities including equities,

money market and fixed income

securities, derivatives etc. except

pension assets, on behalf of actual

owners must to apply to the

Commission for registration as a


A Nominee is a company

formed by a bank or other

financial institution for the

purpose of holding securities and

other assets and administering

them on behalf of the actual

owners under the terms of a

custodial or nominee


The Commission stated that the

business of the Nominee shall be

to take title of property, money or

investors to sell down their


Notably, the NSE recorded

losses in all of the trading

sessions of the week.

Accordingly, the All-Share

Index shed 1.7 percent Week on

Week, W-o-W, to close at

41,709.09 points.

securities in trust for and on

behalf of clients as Nominee for,

or representative of such clients,

to hold and deal with such

property, money or securities

strictly in accordance with any

directions given by the respective

clients from time to time to the

Nominee Company. The rule

also stipulates that a Nominee

shall not engage in any business

or activity except the business of

Nominee companies described


SEC also ruled that: “A

Nominee Company shall have

minimum of three sponsored

Individuals, one of whom shall be

a compliance officer; The

Managing Director of the

Company shall at all times be

among the sponsored individuals

by complying with the

requirements for registration of

sponsored individuals; A

Nominee Company shall have

necessary infrastructure,

including vaults for safe custody

of title documents, agreements

etc. and information technology

capability required to effectively

discharge its functions”.

By Peter Egwuatu

Neimeth International

Pharmaceuticals Plc is set

to declare its first dividend in 10

years following the 20 percent

growth in revenue recorded in

its financial year ended

September 30, 2020.

The audited report and

accounts of Neimeth

International Pharmaceuticals

for the year ended September

30, 2020 showed that revenue

rose by 20 per cent to N2.84

billion in 2020 as against N2.37

billion recorded in the

comparable period of 2019.

Gross profit rose by 26.9 per

cent to N1.51 billion in 2020

from N1.19 billion in 2019.

Despite the tough operating

environment due to the COVID-

19 pandemic and industryspecific

challenges, the

company sustained

considerable bottom-line with

profit before tax of N297.39

million compared to prior year

figure of N304.44 million. Profit

after tax stood at N212.48

million, implying earnings per

share of 11 kobo per share.

The balance sheet of the

company also emerged stronger

with total assets rising by 134.2

NSE lists capital market as viable funding source for SMEs

By Peter Egwuatu

Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE)

has highlighted the capital

raising opportunities in the

stock market for Small and

Medium Scale Enterprise,

SMEs in the country.

This was the high point of a

webinar hosted by the Exchange

recently with the theme, Capital

Raising for SMEs through the

Stock Exchange.

The webinar was hosted in

collaboration with various Trade

Groups/Chambers of Commerce

in the Northern region of the

country, and was headlined by

the President, the Nigerian

formal education equates to

financial literacy, which is not the


He stated: “While people with a

science or mathematical

background are comfortable with

numbers and can get the

calculations right, this does not

translate to business success.

Financial literacy goes beyond the

knowledge of calculations, even

though that is an essential part.

Also analysing the survey report,

Stephen Amodu, formerly Head,

Risk Management, Monitoring &

Internal Control, Lagos State

Employment Trust Fund (LSETF),

Consequently, Market

capitalisation fell by ¦ 368.0

billion to N21.8 trillion while

Year-to-Date, YtD, return fell to

3.6 per cent.

Meanwhile, activity levels

were however strong, as trading

volumes rose by 7.4 per cent W-

o-W while value traded rose by

6.4 per cent. The sell offs in

Association of Chambers of

Commerce, Industry, Mines, and

Agriculture (NACCIMA), Hajia

Saratu Iya Aliyu.

Speaking at the event, the

Divisional Head, Listings

Business, NSE, Mr. Olumide

Bolumole noted, “The traditional

role of The Exchange as a

platform for capital formation

and liquidity holds good

promise for businesses. Despite

the impact of COVID-19, the

NSE functioned to facilitate

needed financing with over N2.5

trillion in capital raised by

governments and corporates in

2020 across various asset


On her part, Hajia Saratu Iya

WAPCO (-11.2 per cent ), Zenith

Bank (-4.4 per cent), Nestle (-3.7

percent) and Dangote Cement (-

2.5 per cent) drove the weekly


Sectoral performance was

broadly negative as all sectors

closed in the red. The Insurance

(-6.0 per cent ) index led the

losers chart followed by

Consumer Goods (-3.2 per cent

), Banking (-2.3 per cent ),

Industrial Goods (-2.1 per cent)

and Oil and Gas (-0.2 per cent )


Commenting on the

performance of the market,

analysts at Cordros Capital, a

lagos based investment firm


“With the moderation in the

prices of bellwether stocks last

week, we expect savvy investors

to take advantage of this and

make re-entry ahead of their Full

year, FY 2020 earnings


“However, we note that the

recent hike in OMO rates by the

per cent to N6.44 billion in 2020

from N2.75 billion in 2019 in the

previous accounting year.

Shareholders’ funds grew by

18.7 per cent from N1.07 billion

in 2019 to N1.27 billion in 2020.

Consequently, the company’s

Board of Directors

recommended dividend

payment of 6.5 kobo on every 50

kobo share for the 2020 business

year, signaling the return of the

healthcare company to annual

dividend payment.

Managing Director, Neimeth

By Peter Egwuatu

Sterling Bank Plc has

updated its agriculture

commodities platform

operated by SABEX, an

affiliate company.

According to the bank,

SABEX, first introduced in

2018, is the world’s first fully

digitized, end-to-end

blockchain commodities

trading and financing

platform, built by Sterling

Bank Plc in collaboration with

AFEX Commodities

Exchange Limited.

MrYemi Odubiyi, Executive

Director, Corporate &

Investment Banking of

Sterling Bank, who disclosed

this in a statement issued by

the bank explained that the

upgraded digital commodities

trading platform will provide

real-time credit financing

solution for farmers, sellers

and buyers of agro

commodities to transact.

Odubiyi said Sterling Bank

has shown beyond every

reasonable doubt that it is


CBN will continue to stoke

uncertainties on the direction of

yields, keeping risk-averse investors

on the side-lines. Thus, we expect a

zig-zag market performance in the

week ahead. Notwithstanding, we

advise investors to take positions in

only fundamentally justified stocks

as the unimpressive macro story

remains a significant headwind for

corporate earnings.”

Also commenting, analysts at

Afrinvest Research said :” We

expect trading sessions to be a mix

of bargain hunting and sustained

profit-taking activities. The

direction of yields in the fixed

income market would also

influence trades especially given

the increase in marginal rates at

the OMO auction last week.”

Neimeth declares first dividend in 10 years

Aliyu stated, “I commend the

National Council and

Management of the Nigerian

Stock Exchange for organising

this webinar. It reflects

recognition of the role played by

the Chamber of Commerce in

promoting the growth and

competitiveness of private

enterprise in Nigeria. Going

forward, I am hopeful that

initiatives such as this webinar

will spur greater interest in the

activities of the Growth Board

by the private sector, as it is a

conscious effort to give

credence to SMEs which are the

building blocks of the Nigerian


International Pharmaceuticals

Plc, Pharm. Matthew Azoji, said

the growth in sales underscored

the increasing market

penetration and acceptance of

the company’s brands by


He said the 2020 performance

showed continuing success of

the company’s medium-term

strategic growth plan as it

strives to open additional

markets while consolidating its

major domestic market.

Sterling Bank upgrades agricultural

commodity trading platform

Low level of financial knowledge theatens 33.6m MSMEs

Continues from page 19

said that despite large amounts of

information on financial literacy

being freely available to

entrepreneurs, most tended to

focus on activities other than

acquiring financial literacy.

Amodu, who is currently Head,

Retail Credit Risk with Union

Bank of Nigeria, also noted that

entrepreneurs are impatient for

commercial success and don’t see

financial literacy knowledge as an

important component towards

achieving this.

He stated: “Indeed, some

outsource the finance role, while

others do not pay attention until

they encounter problems.

“Stakeholders discussed the fact

that donors and partners are more

interested in reaching numbers

that looked good in reports to

their boards rather than paying

for in-depth, quality financial

literacy training that will require

time and expenditure. This helps

to explain the prevalence of poorquality

financial literacy training

currently being provided to some

organisations in Nigeria.

“Another challenge is poor

transparency. Many

entrepreneurs are reluctant to

disclose the true state of their

business finances.”


Based on the findings that

emerged through both direct

engagement with entrepreneurs

and the survey that was

undertaken as part of the project,

the researchers made following


“There is clear and strong

evidence that financial literacy

underpins business success,

hence the need for significant

increase in financial literacy for

entrepreneurs, including those in

charge of MSMEs.

“The research reveals a culture of

denial among many MSME

entrepreneurs. Action is needed

to persuade a greater number of

entrepreneurs that financial

literacy is a key that opens the

door to wider investment

committed to important

innovations, adding that the

end-to-end blockchain

commodities trading and

financing platform is the

future of agribusiness and

trading in the country.

Odubiyi said, “With all that

we have done, we wish to

further expand agribusiness’

growth, improve investments

in the sector, and drive

economic growth using

innovative technologies such

as SABEX. We are confident

of the huge prospects

available to all stakeholders

who come on the platform.”

The Executive Director

noted that, “Aside from the

opportunities available for

electronic warehouse receipt,

commodity trading has just

got better on the platform,”

remarking that, “It is no

understatement that at

Sterling Bank, our

commitment to innovative

banking and wealth creation

is one of the reasons for the

SABEX solution.”


“Key areas in the provision of

financial literacy training should

include the development of

business plans and

understanding the different types

of external funding available, as

well as their suitability for


“Entrepreneurs should be able to

take a financial literacy class to

develop applications for

obtaining external finance.

“Continuous support should be

available for entrepreneurs after

they have accessed financial

literacy training in order to ensure

effective and continuous




“Next President Will Spend Tenure Fixing rot created by


Governor Nyesom Wike, February 3, 2021.

Late Prince Tony Momoh got me

involved with Buhari’s campaign

for President in 2010 when he was

Chairman of the Congress for Progressive

Change, CPC. A tireless

writer, we met at Uncle Sam’s

house – where he came to present

his latest book to the Publisher. An

avid reader, I immediately begged

for a copy. He agreed on condition

I came to his house to collect it. I

followed him and after collecting a

free copy decided to at least return

some of the favour.

“Sir, your Presidential candidate

has not outlined an economic programme

for the country. How do

you expect us to vote for Buhari

without that?” I asked.

“Dele, you are an economist and

Nigeria belongs to all of us. Why

don’t you help us with an Economic

Blueprint for governance?” That

was his reply. With that I was

trapped into working for a political

party and candidate, without being

a card-carrying member, for the

first time in my life. Hitherto, I had

avoided politics like the plague. It

was agreed that a brief summary

be produced and brought to Abuja

and later on work on a complete

economic programme. I needed

assistance and, at my own expense

hired three people.

We finished the draft which was

presented to a select group of campaign

Managers, including Engineer

Buba Galadima, at the Wuse

office of Dr Usman Bugaje. The

next thing was to brief Buhari. After

four trips to Abuja, mostly at my

expense, I gave up. Why? Because

I finally got one of Buhari’s closest

associates, name withheld, to disclose

to me why appointments were

being cancelled. Buhari had seen

a copy of the draft but could not

make himself available to dis-

cuss it.

Still, I supported him in 2011

and 2015 because insecurity and

corruption topped the list of national

concerns. Momoh also said that

Buhari’s shortcomings in economics

will be rectified by appointing

world class Nigerians to manage

the important Ministries, Departments

and Agencies, MDAs. I felt


When Buhari and Tinubu eventually

agreed to form the nucleus

of the All Progressives Congress,

APC, Momoh’s influence on Buhari

was sharply reduced. In 2014,

realising that APC’s candidate,

Buhari, was not mentioning economic

programmes, I contacted

late Alhaji Ismaila Funtua to arrange

an appointment. I finally

gave up after three more abortive

trips to Abuja. More alarming, the

man who was later to become our

President had no interest in economic

policies, programmes and

projects. But, I rejected Jonathan

because it never occurred to me

that any President could be worse

than GOJ – who was a well-educated

disaster. Now, I know we

have not reached the bottom yet…

“If you don’t know where you

are going; you will end up anywhere.”

Yogi Bera, late US comedian.

Buhari came into office, unlike

Biden, without an economic plan.

Unlike the American President

who started to assemble his top

subordinates before date for inauguration,

Buhari slept through five

months after he reached office.

Again, unlike Joe Biden, who appointed

tested individuals as Economic

Team Managers, Buhari

came up with light-weights as Finance

Ministers – people not previously

known beyond the confines

of their communities. They




Services, a non-banking

financial service provider,

has announced a N10 billion

loan for eligible small

businesses and corporate


In a statement, Rosabon

said the fresh facility is part

of its continued commitment

to supporting Nigerian

businesses, especially in the

face of the unravelling impact

of the second wave of the

COVID-19 pandemic.

All businesses registered

in Nigeria for more than one

year are qualified for the

facility, which is available

within 48 hours of

application. Interest rate is

at a single digit, with

repayment tenor at 24


Speaking on the facility,

Managing Director, Rosabon

Financial Services,

Chukwuma Ochonogor,

stated that this year’s facility

is part of the organization’s

commitment to sustain

support for business owners,

limit the damage caused by

the coronavirus pandemic in

the past year, and help

businesses to become more

resilient and sustainable

even in the wake of the

second wave of the


He said: “We know some

business owners have

experienced revenue loss,

and some are still

experiencing the revenue

loss. That is why we have

introduced loan facilities that

will help their business

operations to thrive. We hope

as we journey with our

business community by

deploying our loan facility

and expertise, we would be

providing a much-needed

financial cushion required to

navigate the new normal.”

He added: “A much

bigger goal for us is to boost

economic growth in Nigeria

by supporting these

It is an axiom of

development that it is

easier to destroy than

to build. For instance,

the World Trade Centre,

New York, which

took years to build

was reduced to rubbles

in less than two

hours by Al Qeda on

September 11

Rosabon announces fresh N10bn

loan facility for SMEs, others

businesses and corporate

organisations through

access to finance in the

face of an economic

recession and

increasingly tough

operating environment.

At Rosabon, we remain

committed to providing

this much-needed

financial leverage to

businesses that require it,

helping them remain in

business and also retain

their employees.”

Recall that in the face

of the hard economic

condition occasioned by

the COVID-19 pandemic

in 2020, Rosabon

announced a series of

loans to the tune of N5

billion targeted at small

businesses and

corporates, healthcare

service providers, civil

servants, etc. to cushion

the impact of the

pandemic and support

the Nigerian economy.

Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021 — 21

were given no economic road

maps, no compass and no chosen

destination for the trips on which

they have been taking us. We are

winding up anywhere else but

where the people would want to

be. Below is one port where Nigerians

don’t want to be; but, where

they will land nevertheless.

“Poor Nigerians’ll increase by 15

million soon – W’ Bank.” News.

The World Bank, which recently

provided that bit of bad news, elaborated

by saying “our estimates are

that the number of the poor will

increase by about 15 to 20 million

people by 2022 from the about 83

million people in 2019. and the

2019 numbers are from the Nigeria

Living Standard Survey of 2018/


Some explanations are required;

but they all point in the

same direction. First, the 83 million

people acknowledged in the

2018/2019 survey represent mostly

2018 estimates. As usual, more

people would have been added

to the number by the time the survey

results came out. Second, even

if the relevant figure remained 83

million, adding 15 to 20 million in

two years will mean 98 to 103 million

poor with less than one year

of Buhari administration to go.

Third, it is also implied that Buhari’s

promise to lift 100 million

Nigerians out of poverty in ten

years has now been exposed as,

at best, a mission impossible ; or,

at worst a deliberate fraud. Fourth,

the worst is yet to come. The number

of people who tumbled into

poverty in 2020 was the worst in

history in many countries since the

Great Depression of the 1930s. We

are still waiting for the actual figures.



“Invariably, the most dangerous

people seek power.”

Saul Bellow, 1915-2005, VAN-


TIONS, VBQ p 124.

Saul Bellow lived long enough

to see the likes of Jomo Kenyatta,

Hastings Banda, Mobutu, Idi

Amin, Abacha and Robert

Mugabe rule different countries in

Africa. No continent on earth

proves his assertion more than

Africa. We seem to be particularly

cursed with regard to those who

have ruled us since “the wind of

change” blew all over Africa. No

African leader has performed better

than the colonial masters. All

have destroyed most of what they

inherited in terms of governance.

Nigeria was a middle income

country up to 1965; ahead of South

Korea, Malaysia and Indonesia

under Sir James Robertson

Governor General.

When Buhari departs in 2023,

this country will be light years behind

all those countries. We were

not among the poorest in 2012. We

raced up to the leader, India, and

overtook her by 2018 to become

The Ministry of Youth and

Sports Development has

reopened application for

young entrepreneurs

through a partnership with

Tiimafrica which would

provide a $5,000 grant to 100


In November 2020,

Tiimafrica in partnership

with the Federal Ministry of

Youth and Sports

Development called for

applications from Nigerian

youth business owners to

apply for a one time grant

worth $5,000. The grant,

aptly named Project Grow

100 is aimed at empowering

100 Nigerian youth-owned


Over the past few weeks,

the foundation had screened

the pool of applications to

compile a list of 100

applicants eligible for the

advertised grant.

According to a statement

by the Minister’s Media

the poorest nation on earth. Worse

still, under Buhari we have been

adding more people living in poverty

every year than half the nations

in the United Nations. By

2023 about 35-40 million more.

It is an axiom of development

that it is easier to destroy than to

build. For instance, the World

Trade Centre, New York, which

took years to build was reduced to

rubbles in less than two hours by

Al Qeda on September 11. But,

economic destruction needs not be

that sudden. At a national level, it

generally takes several years of

macro-economic mismanagement;

during which each succeeding

year builds on the ravages of previous

years. Nigeria is in that unfortunate

situation now.

By May 29, 2021, Buhari would

have been six years at the helm.

Yet, the cumulative Gross Domestic

Product, GDP, for the period will

be a mere 0.4 per cent. Meanwhile,

population had grown by

18 per cent. The mere contrast between

the two – GDP and population

– growth summarises all the

previous gains that had been

erased. More depressing is the

fact that Buhari still has more than

two years to go – two more years

of demolition; that is. It is difficult

to imagine the man changing his

mind-set and setting the country

on the path of growth once again.

The next President will need close

to two terms to undo the damage

to the Nigerian economy. My last

meeting with Momoh was again

in Uncle Sam’s house about 15

months ago. He was presenting another

book. “Egbon, is this how to

manage an economy?” I asked.

“Dele, let’s change the subject.” He

promptly replied. He remained loyal;

but he was fed up.

May Prince Tony Momoh’s soul

rest in perfect peace.

Youth Ministry opens

supplementary application

for business grant

office, “After careful

examination of all

applications submitted,

applicants who met the

stated criteria were less than

50, as opposed to the

intended 100. As a result, a

supplementary application

process will be opened for

more applicants to access.

“Additionally, the list of

screened, eligible applicants

will be published and funds

disbursed appropriately.

“When re- opened, the

application portal will accept

supplementary applications

from business owners who

are still interested but could

not meet up with the last

application deadline, but

possess the necessary


“The eligibility criteria says

applicants must be Nigerians

between ages 25-35; must be

running a business within

Nigeria and have a minimum

six months financial record.”




22 — Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021

Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021 — 23

24 — Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021

Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021 — 25

26 — Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021

Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021—27

ong>Gunmenong> on rampage in

Kaduna, Delta, Taraba, FCT

Continued from page 5

safely go to their farms

again, even the men for

fear of being kidnapped

or killed. This will lead

to food shortages and

hunger very soon. We

can’t keep quiet in this

critical time.

“We can’t be afraid to

go to farm in our own

land because of

criminals parading as

herdsmen,” he said.

LG chairman

kidnapped in


In Taraba State,

gunmen suspected to be

kidnappers weekend

abducted the Nigeria

Labour Congress, NLC,

chairman of the Taraba

State chapter, Peter


He was abducted at his

residence in Sunkani,

the headquarters of

Ardo-Kola Local

Government Council.

Confirming the

incident, younger

brother of the NLC

chairman, Boniface

Stephen, revealed that

the hoodlums shot

sporadically into the air

to scare residents before

whisking Jediel away.

According to him, the

kidnappers stormed his

brother’s residence at

about 12:00 am on

Sunday, broke his gate

and forced their way into

his compound.

He said at present, no

calls had come in from

the abductors to know

what their demands are.

Contacted, Police

Public Relations Officer

in the state declined

comments, saying he

could not confirm the


Jediel’s abduction

comes a year after the

former NLC chairman in

Taraba, Peter Gambo was

also abducted in his


The 3-hour

operation in


In another attack,

kidnappers abducted

four persons in the

Federal Capital

Territory, FCT, following

an attack in Tungan

Maje town in


An eyewitness said the

kidnappers operated for

three hours, from 12 am

to 3am yesterday without

confrontation from

security agencies.

Among those abducted

was Abdulahi Idris

Rakieu, a retired

assistant comptroller of

Nigeria Immigration

Service, NIS, who was

taken alongside two

members of his family.

Also kidnapped in the

midnight attack was one

Olusola Agun.

The attackers were said

to have been dressed in

military uniform and

broke into the two houses

through the fence and


The attack is the latest

in a growing trend

across the FCT in which

residents are abducted

in incessant attacks.

Three days ago,

kidnappers struck in

Kubwa area of Abuja,

abducting three persons,

including Okechukwu

Nnodim, a journalist

with Punch newspapers.

Twenty-four hours after

the attack, the

kidnappers contacted the

journalist’s sister and

asked for a ransom of

N10 million. He was

released by his abductors

on Saturday night.

FCT Police spokesman

could not be reached at

press time last night as

calls to his telephone

were not answered but a

source at the command

who preferred

anonymity, confirmed

the attacks.

How our

colleague was

murdered —

Owerri NBA

Meanwhile, Owerri

branch of the Nigeria

Bar Association, NBA,

yesterday confirmed that

their colleague, N.H.

Nwankwo, was

murdered in his office at

42, School Road in

Owerri, after which his

car and phones were

taken away by the

suspected assassins.

NBA Secretary,

Chinedu Agu, in a

statement, said the

incident happened on

February 6, 2021.

He added that the

whereabouts of

Nwankwo’s driver, said

to be with him at the

time of the incident,

remained unknown.

Narrating how the

tragedy occurred, Agu

said: “At about 8.15am

today (yesterday) on my

way to Church for 8.30am

mass, I received a call

from the Chairman of the

Bar, J.I Ogamba,

detailing me to liaise

with the former secretary

of the Bar, Ishmael

Nkwocha to take Police

to N.H. Nwankwo & Co

at 42, School Road

Owerri, to ascertain the

safety of N.H. Nwankwo,

who left home for work

yesterday Saturday,

February 6, 2021, and

was yet to return from


“However, before the

call, Ishmael Nkwocha,

who shares same office

space with him had, in

response to frantic calls

from his family members

over his whereabouts,

gone to his office to meet

same locked.

“On opening the

entrance door, he met

Nwankwo’s main office

locked, with traces of

blood on the door to his

(Nwankwo’s) office.

“Not very sure of the

situation, he went to the

Homicide Section of the

State CID, from where

forensic experts from the

Police Headquarters

went with him to the

office to have it properly

opened by themselves in

order not to contaminate

evidential materials.

“When the forensic

experts arrived at

9:56hrs with their

gadgets, they opened the

door only for us to find

his bulky frame lying

lifeless inside his office

in a pool of his

congealed blood.

“On closer inspection,

Nwankwo appeared to

have been savagely

matchetted by his

assailant(s), as a gaping

cut was seen on his

neck, a monstrous cut of

not less than about 30cm

with only about less than

50 percent of the flesh in

his neck region holding

the head.

“Blood splashes were

seen on the roof, fans,

printer, computers, table,

files, seats, books,

bookshelves inside his

office, suggestive of a

ferocious matcheting of

his neck.

“Nwankwo was

suspected to have been

busy working as his

printer, computer,

standing fan were on,

while a writing pad

containing jottings

unrelated to this

incident and a pen were

found on his desk.

“A bucket of water was

seen in his office; the

assailant must have

washed his hands and

matchete used in this act.

“A search of the office

revealed a matchete

abandoned inside the

toilet of his office with

which the assailant was

suspected to have used

to cut his neck.

“When his body which

lay half prostrate was

turned, matchete cuts

were seen on his wrist

also and the footprints

captured by forensic

experts suggested that

the act was done by two

persons as the two

footprints were


“As at the time of this

provisional report,

forensic experts are still

gathering evidential

materials for their use,

accompanied by myself,

L.C Ugorji, Uche Osuji,

Ishmael Nkwocha, J.I

Ogamba, D.O Nosike

and a host of other


“Meanwhile, his

driver, who reportedly

was the only person with

him in the office on

Saturday, is at the time

of this report at large,

with Nwankwo’s

phones, and car no

where to be found.

“Arrangements had just

been concluded to take

the lifeless body to the

morgue. This is one death

too many; one murder too


N2.015trn worth of petrol consumed in

13 months — NNPC REPORTS

By Obas Esiedesa



Nigerian National

Petroleum Corporation,

NNPC, has said it sold

N2.015 trillion worth of

petrol from November

2019 to November, 2020.

The corporation said in

a statement, yesterday,

that in the month of

November, 2020, it

recorded a trading

surplus of N13.43 billion

up by 54 per cent when

compared to the

N8.71billion surplus

recorded in October 2020.

NNPC said 1.725 billion

litres of white products

were sold and distributed

by the Petroleum Products

Marketing Company

(PPMC), a subsidiary of

the NNPC, in the month

of November 2020,

compared with over

1.224billion litres in the

month of October 2020.

This comprised 1.723

billion litres of Premium

Motor Spirit, 2.13 million

litres of Automotive Gas

Oil (AGO) also known as

diesel and 0.33 million

litres of Dual Purpose


The corporation added


Babagana Umara Zulum, yesterday, supervised the distribution of N80m and

food supplies to 16,000 female returnees in the township of Gwoza.

that total sale of white

products for the period

November 2019 to

November 2020 stood at

17.031 billion litres and

PMS accounted for 16.911

billion litres or 99.29 per


“In monetary terms, a

sum of N226.08 billion

was made on the sale of

white products by PPMC

in the month of

November 2020 compared

to N158.04 billion sales in

October 2020. Total

revenues generated from

the sales of white products

for the period November

2019 to November 2020

stood at N2.034 trillion,

where PMS contributed

about 99.09% of the total

sales with a value of over

N2.015 trillion.

NNPC’s Spokesman,

Dr. Kennie Obateru

explained in the

statement that the

“trading surplus or

trading deficit is derived

after deduction of the

expenditure profile from

the revenue in the period

under review.”

In November 2020,

NNPC Group’s operating

revenue as compared to

October 2020, decreased

slightly by 0.02 percent or

N0.09billion to stand at

N423.08 billion. Similarly,

expenditure for the month

decreased by 1.16 per

cent or N4.81 billion to

stand at N409.65 billion

leading to the N13.43

billion trading surplus.

Dr. Obateru explained

further that overall,

expenditure as a

proportion of revenue was

0.97 in November 2020 as

against 0.98 in October


He attributed the 54

per cent increase in

trading surplus in the

November to “the

substantial decrease in

expenditure from the

Nigeria Gas Company

(NGC) due to cost

reduction in overheads,

coupled with 38 percent

reduction in NNPC

C o r p o r a t e

Headquarters deficit”.

In addition, the

NNPC Group’s surplus

was bolstered by the

noticeable improved

profits for additional

engineering services

rendered by the

Nigerian Engineering

and Technical Company

(NETCO) and

increased revenue from

import activities posted

by Duke Oil


These healthy


dominated the positions

of all other NNPC

subsidiaries to record

the Group surplus, he


He the figures are

contained in the

November 2020 edition

of the NNPC Monthly

Financial and

Operations Report


The report also

indicated that export

sales of crude oil and

gas for the month stood

at $108.84m, making a

70.33% increase

compared to the last

month. Crude oil export

sales contributed

$73.09m (67.15%) of the

dollar transactions

compared with $12.38

million contribution in

the previous month;

while the export gas

sales amounted to

$35.75 million in the

month. The total crude

oil and gas export for

the period of November

2019 to November 2020

stood at $2.89bn.

28 — Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021


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I, formerly known as

Torkanou Degbemiom, now

wish to be known as Lawson

Degbemiom. All former

documents remain valid.

General public take note.


I, formerly known as Azegba

Martha Oluchi, now wish to

be known as Chuks Martha

Oluchi. All former documents

remain valid. General public

please take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Eseroghene Apete, now wish

to be known as Mrs.

Eseroghene Patrick. All

documents bearing my former

name(s) remains valid. General

public please take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Okpeta Ruth Aziomen, now

wish to be known as Mrs Ejere

Ruth Aziomen. All former

documents remain valid, any

authority it may concern and

general public to take note.


I, formerly known as Fashola

Adetoro Mojisola, now wished

to be known as Agbaje Adetoro

Mojisola. All former

documents remain valid.

General public take note.


I, formerly known and

addressed as Ezeja Sunday, now

wish to be known and addressed

as Mr. Peter Ejike. All former

documents remain valid. The

general public should please

take note.



I, formerly known as Miss

Olotu Juliet Bosede, now wish

to be known as Mrs. Ajayi

Juliet Bosede. All former

documents remain valid. The

general public should please

take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Esther Abiola Taiwo, now wish

to be known as Mrs. Esther

Abiola Taiwo-Sajobi .All

former documents remain

valid. The general public should

please take note.


I, formerly known as Miss Ojo,

Esther Adepeju, now wish to

be known as Mrs. Tanimola

Esther Adepeju. All former

documents remain valid. The

general public should please

take note.


I,formerly known as Miss

Adewumi Damola Genevieve,

now wish to be known as Mrs

‘Damola Genevieve Biyitaiwo.

All former documents

remain valid. The general

public should take note.


I,formerly known as Miss

Akindele Oluwatoyin Rebecca,

now wish to be known as Mrs

Aina Oluwatoyin Rebecca. All

former documents remain

valid. The general public should

take note.


I hereby confirm that Believe

Azmigholo and Believe

Amughoro is the same person,

but now wish to be addressed

as Believe Amughoro. Former

documents remain valid.

General public take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Attah Ruth Ubou, now wish

to be known as Mrs Asogwa

Ruth Ubou. All former

documents remain valid. The

general public should please

take note.


I, formerly known as Anyanwu

Omokuwa Emmanuella, now wish to

be known as Nwasiolo George

Omokuwa Emmanuella. All former

documents remain valid. The general

public should please take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Odumgba Blessing Preye, now

wish to be known as Mrs

Sunday Odumgba B. Preye. All

former documents remain

valid. The general public should

please take note.


I, formerly known as Anthony

Friday Moses, now wish to be

known as Nworie Friday

Chibuzor Moses. All former

documents remain valid. The

general public should please

take note.


I, formerly known as Ayati

John, now wish to be known

as Ayati John Okeleke. All

former documents remain

valid. The general public

should please take note.

Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021 — 29


I, formerly known as Muhammed

Ajibili, now wish to be known as

Muhammed Ajibili Usman. Wrong

date of birth 12/6/1974. Correct date

of birth 12/6/1979. All former

documents remain valid. General

public please take note.


I, formerly known as Osama

Moses, now wish to be known

as Osama Ogmeshi Moses. All

former documents remain

valid. General public please

take note.


I, Noah Arome Daniel, hereby

confirm that my date of birth

was wrongly written as 25/03/

1990, instead of my correct

date of birth as 25/03/2005.

All former documents remain

valid. General public please

take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Chidiebere Duru, now wish to

be known as Mrs. Ebere Okafor.

All former documents remain

valid. General public please

take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Olayinka Adijat Omolara, now

wish to be known as Mrs.

Ogunlade Khadeejah Omolara.

All former documents remain

valid. General public please

take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Patrick Ruth Betty, now wish

to be known as Mrs. Taiwo

Ruth Betty. All former

documents remain valid.

General public please take



I, formerly known as Okpoko

Queen Juure, now wish to be

known as Okpoko Juuretu. All

former documents remain

valid. General public please

take note.


I, formerly known as Onalaiye

Adenike Deborah, now wish to

be known as Oduntan Adenike

Deborah. All former

documents remain valid.

General public please take



I, formerly known as

Omavuezi Omefe Akudei, now

wish to be called Omavuezi

Omefe Akudei Patrick. All

former documents remain

valid. General public take note.


Correction of Name

I, formerly known as Agbovi

Olutayo Augustine, now wish

to be known as Agbovi Olutayo

Austine. All former documents

remain valid. The general

public should please take note.





Itsekiri group

tasks Okowa

on upgrade of



college to


By Jimitota



Strategy Working

Group , has enjoined governor

Ifeanyi Okowa to upgrade the

College of Education, in Warri

south local government area

to a full fledged university.

A statement made available

to newsmen in Warri and

signed by Mr Gbesimi Akperi

said since the creation of Delta

state, no tertiary institution

has been established in Warri

by any of the state government,

adding that governor Okowa

should use this opportunity to

write his name in gold in the

hearts of people of the area.

“We call on the Governor to

upgrade the College of

Education, Warri to a full

fledged University to redress

the injustice of the past. “, he


“Your Excellency, you must

not do anything to kill all that

we have and brought into the

union of Delta State. We in

Warri will always remember

Prof. Ambrose Alli for giving

us College of Education, Warri.

What will you be remembered

for?”, the group asked.

“The College of Education,

Warri was created by the

Bendel State Government of

Prof Ambrose Alli in 1979

along with that in Agbor and

Igueben. Since that time and

throughout the life of Delta

State to date, no tertiary

Institution has been

established in Warri (Warri

South Local Government

Area),” he said.

“ Many tertiary institutions

have been created in the state

with none in Warri. The

College of Education Abraka

was upgraded to Delta State

University with campuses

created in senatorial districts.

Thus, Oleh campus for South

and Anwai campus for North

senatorial districts. In this

exercise, Warri the

commercial capital of the

State, source of the state’s

major revenue was left out. “,

he said.

“Polytechnics were created

in Oghara, Ogwashi-Uku and

Ozoro, Warri was

conspicuously left out. There

is also College of Physical

Education, Mosogar, . Warri

is left out in all these creations.”

Akperi enjoined the

governor to remember Warri

this time by upgrading the

College Education Warri to a

full fledged university.

30 — Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021

COVID-19: Nigeria

can’t afford another

serious lockdown

— Atedo Peterside

*Irresponsible elite hurting our battle against disease

*Nigeria weak in three pillars of anti-pandemic war

Founder and Chairman of ANAP Foundation COVID-19

Think Tank, and founder of Stanbic IBTC Bank Plc, Mr.

Atedo Peterside, is not happy with the way a large chunk of

the elite is undermining the war against COVID-19 and

warns that Nigeria could self-destruct if the trajectory was

not changed. In this interview, he warns that another severe

lockdown will hurt the country grievously and marshals

reasons public office holders hurting the war must be named

and shamed.

By Clifford Ndujihe

HOW do you see governments’ re

sponse and measures put in

place to contain the COVID-19

pandemic in Nigeria?

There are three important Pillars in the

COVID-19 fight globally: Healthcare; Governance;

and Communications. Nigeria is

weak in all three. Our governance and communications

challenges are of greater vulnerability

than our healthcare challenges.

Various arms of government such as the

NCDC, some in the Presidential Task Force

(PTF) on COVID-19 and some Health Ministry

officials have done well; same with our

frontline health workers and a few private sector

business leaders.

But then, who would have imagined that, in

early 2021, we would still have a juvenile governor

spewing lies about the absence of the

Coronavirus in his state and neither the Federal

Government, PTF, nor his colleagues in

the Governor’s Forum will call him to order?

That singular failing sums up our governance

and communications’ failings.

In the best of times, we communicate badly

because our leaders want to emphasise “do as

I say instead of do as I do.”

We do not lead by example. Leaders make

rules, believing those same rules must not

apply to them. Meanwhile, the populace are

quick to spot hypocrisy. Sycophants and

praise-singers then complicate things further

by hailing even an idiotic governor.

The same failure to lead by example manifests

itself as a governance challenge. This is

further exacerbated by our inability to set and

agree upon priorities in a transparent manner.

Procurement challenges then take centre-stage

also because fighting COVID-19

entailed joining a global procurement race

which cannot be won by a system that thrives

on holding up procurement until some money

is paid under the table by a “favoured” supplier.

In spite of the measures taken to curtail

the first wave, Nigeria is recording more

cases and deaths in the second wave of the

pandemic. What do you think is responsible

for this?

I suspect one of the problems is caused by

the fact that we stopped following the same

safety protocols that helped us to curtail the

first wave. Many Nigerians adopted the safety

protocols in March, April and May 2020

partly because of their fear for the unknown.

Now, the fear factor is gone. Many feel that

they have not seen enough deaths to “justify”

further efforts to keep down the infection rate.

That is a dangerous mindset because it can

lead to a self-fulfilling prophecy.

The ANAP Foundation COVID-19 Think

Tank, of which you are chairman, is leading

a crusade to “Name and Shame” leaders

whose comments are detrimental to the

COVID-19 pandemic battle for which Vanguard

and many other media organizations

have signed up. What informed this crusade?

My answers to your first two questions also

help to explain what informed the launching

of the “Name and Shame” initiative by the

ANAP Foundation COVID-19 Think Tank and

some very responsible media houses. If the


elite were all behaving responsibly there would

be no need for this kind of initiative. Some in

the media were also culpable because they

were pouring fuel unto the fire by glorifying

and celebrating rich people and leaders who

were violating COVID-19 safety protocols.

It would suffice to say that my colleagues

and I were phenomenally impressed with the

Nigeria cannot afford another

severe lockdown. By itself a

severe lockdown here will kill

more people (through overzealous

enforcement by triggerhappy

Police and other security

forces and hunger) than the

Coronavirus will ever kill

speed with which the owners of several quality

media houses signed up to this initiative.

Even where they don’t name and shame the

initiative requires them to ignore and/or boycott.

The decision to name and shame has to

be a personal one and should be taken “case

by case”. Our leaders must learn to live by

example and the media holding their “feet to

the fire” will help achieve that.

Within 24 hours, the following 12 media

houses, Vanguard, Arise TV, Businessday,

Channels TV, Classic FM, Daily Trust, Guardian,

Punch, Premium Times, TheCable, The

Nation, and This Day, had signed up to this

Name and Shame Initiative. Some call it a

Hall of Shame Initiative:

We thank these media houses and would

like all other responsible media houses to

speedily join this initiative. It is about saving

lives; largely Nigerian lives.

Do you think the crusade will help in the

battle against COVID-19?

It most certainly should. Our “Achilles heel”

in this Coronavirus fight is our irresponsible

elite. They will not stop their silly large indoor

social gatherings unless the media stop glorifying

such foolishness. This campaign or crusade

is about getting the media to stop celebrating

a rich and/or irresponsible fool and to

instead call him out for what he is.

There are calls in some quarters for another

lockdown in Lagos and a few states

where new cases are rising. What is your

take on this?

Nigeria cannot afford another severe lockdown.

By itself a severe lockdown here will

kill more people (through overzealous enforcement

by trigger-happy Police and other

security forces and hunger) than the Coronavirus

will ever kill. German Police can enforce

a lockdown without killing Germans. The

Nigerian Policy and/or the Nigerian Army are

often trigger-happy and their leaders continue

to “teach” them not to value the lives of

poor Nigerians.

What is your take on the Government’s

approach and actions on COVID-19 vaccines?

I do not have the details but I know that

there is a global race on vaccines and Nigeria

will be among the laggards. However, demography

is in our favour; I believe only five per

cent of our population is aged above 65 years.

If I were in government, I would prioritise vaccinating

frontline health workers and those

who are 65 years and above first and then

those with proven vulnerabilities on account

of underlying conditions. Sadly, we may not

be able to achieve even this modest goal before

the end of 2021 unless we get serious. I

foresee an irresponsible governor or two struggling

to vaccinate their teenage children before

the elderly.

How best do you think Nigeria should

wage the war against COVID-19?

We are a poor nation and so we do not have

huge resources at our disposal. COVID-19 is

not a money fight. If it was, the USA would

win. This is a clever virus and so we have to be

clever in our choice of affordable tools to deploy.

By the special grace of God, some of the

most effective tools in this fight cost very little

viz emphasising use of face masks, social distancing,

washing hands, discouraging large

gatherings, etc.

Nigeria cannot win the vaccine war. We can

only deploy cheap vaccines judiciously when

they become readily available. Severe lockdowns,

travel bans, curfews, etc are much too

disruptive for our fragile economy and are

unaffordable. We should take a cue from countries

like Ethiopia and Senegal.

Any other comment

The biggest area where we have lagged

behind countries like Ethiopia and Senegal

in the Coronavirus fight has to do with Nigeria

having a large proportion of irresponsible

elites. If we can stop large gatherings (especially

indoors) we will slow down the infection

rate. That is a proven fact. Hosting large

indoor gatherings during a pandemic is irresponsible;

they are generally Super-spreader

events. It is sad that we make an exception for

religious gatherings. Does the Coronavirus

read the Bible or the Koran? A Super-spreader

event is a super-spreader event irrespective

of the motivation of the convener.

Thorny, nagging issues as NASS resumes tomorrow

By Henry Umoru & Levinus


AFTER 48 days at home following the

Christmas and New Year holiday, the two

chambers of the National Assembly - Senate

and House of Representatives will resume tomorrow,

February 9, 2021 to face a number of

thorny and nagging issues.

In the Senate, the lawmakers will face screening

of new service chiefs, confirmation of immediate

past service chiefs as non-career ambassadors,

elongation of IGP Mohammed

Adamu’s tenure by three months, review of

Constitution, Petroleum Industry Bill, PIB, and

electoral reform among others.

In the House of Representatives, there is an

array of executive and private member bills

but only four bills are billed to gain traction in

the Green and lower chamber.

The four bills are PIB, Electoral Act Amendment

Bill, Constitutional Act Amendment Bill

and Diaspora Voting Bill.

In line with the legislative calendar, the national

Assembly adjourned on December 22,

2020 for Christmas and New Year holidays

after passing the 2021 budget into law, and

fixed January 26, 2021 as resumption date.

However, three days to January 26, the National

Assembly Clerk, Ojo Amos Olatunde

announced a shift in the resumption date because

of the membership registration and revalidation

exercise of the ruling All Progressives

Congress, APC.

That done, the national parliament is expected

back to plenary, tomorrow.

As the Senator Ahmad Ibrahim Lawan -led

Ninth Senate resumes, there are various issues

especially unfinished jobs and new ones

that must be accomplished.

During the holiday, President Muhammadu

Buhari wrote the Senate on January 27, seeking

for the screening and subsequent confirmation

of the newly appointed service chiefs:

Major General Lucky Irabor, Major General

Ibrahim Attahiru, Rear Admiral Awwal Gambo

and Air Vice Marshal Isiaka Amao as Chief

of Defence Staff, Chief of Army Staff, Chief of

Naval Staff and Chief of Air Staff respectively.

On resumption, the various Senate committees

on Army, Navy, Airforce and National

Security and Intelligence will be saddled with

the responsibility of screening and forwarding

to the senators for confirmation the names of

the new service chiefs.

Another major assignment is the confirmation

of immediate past service chiefs and the

Chief of Defence Intelligence as non-career

ambassadors as requested by President Buhari

The nominees are former Chief of Army

Staff, Lt. General Tukur Buratai, retd; Chief of

Defence Staff, General Abayomi Olonisakin,

retd; Chief of Air Staff, Air Marshal Saddique

Abubakar, retd; Chief of Naval Staff, Vice Admiral

Ibok-Ete Ekwe Ibas; and Chief of Defence

Intelligence, Air Vice Marshal Mohammed

Usman, retd.

Also, another issue that will top the agenda

is the elongation of the Inspector- General of

Police, IGP, Mohammed Adamu’s tenure by

President Buhari. He was billed to retire from

service on Monday, February 1, 2021 after

clocking 35 years in service but his tenure was

extended by three months.

The Senate will look at the legality of the

action of the President. The issue, which has

been raising dust in the polity comes up may

be stormy as the Peoples Democratic Party, PDP,

Senate Caucus may form an opposition

against the elongation.

Another issue is the passage of the Petroleum

Industry Bill, PIB against the backdrop that

the President of the Senate, Ahmad Lawan,

had assured that as Nigeria begins a new year,

2021, the controversial Petroleum Industry Bill

2020 will be passed by end of the first quarter

of the year.

Lawan who spoke at a two-day public hearing

on the PIB at the National Assembly, said

any further delay in the passage of the Petroleum

Industry Bill (PIB) will cost more colossal

losses to Nigeria’s economy.

Lawan had said: “topmost on the priority

list are the Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB), which

we need, to boost activities in our oil and gas

sector. The PIB has defied passage for about

two decades but we are determined this time

around to break that jinx and pass the Bill by

the end of the first quarter of the New Year.”

The lingering PIB was sent for the first time

to the National Assembly in December of 2008

by the late President Umaru Yar’Adua Adua

as the then President of Nigeria.

The lawmakers will also be confronted with

the alteration of provisions of the 1999

Constitution as Deputy President of the Senate,

Senator Ovie Omo Agege has promised

that the National Assembly is set to give to

Nigerians a reviewed Constitution June this

year, saying that many Nigerians are expectant

of the outcome of the exercise by the Constitution

Review Committee.

One major issue that is still in the cooler is

the Water Resources 2020 Bill which was reintroduced

last year in the House of Representatives.

There are insinuations that it will bounce

back because of the seriousness attached to it

by the Federal Government.

The National Water Resources Bill failed to

secure a concurrent passage by both Houses

in the Eighth Assembly and in the current Ninth

Assembly it has passed second reading in the

House of Representatives under Femi Gbajabiamila

and has been referred to a House committee.

Oshoala named best African

Woman player of the decade

International Federation

of Football History and

Statistics has named

Super Falcons captain

Asisat Oshoala the best

African Woman player of

the decade.

The Barcelona forward

was crowned as the best

female footballer from the

continent between the

years 2011 to 2020.

For the national team,

between 2011-2020,

Oshoala won three

African women’s

championships with

Nigeria and was also

named CAF African

women’s footballer of the

year on four separate


The former Arsenal

forward also has two best

player and top scorer

award from the African

women’s championship

and also featured at two

FIFA senior world cups.

At the club, level, the 26-

year-old won four titles

with Nigerian side Rivers

angels and a single

English FA Cup with

Arsenal Ladies in 2014

and 2015 respectively.

Oshoala won the

Leon Spinks

passes dies

@ 67



heavyweight boxing

champion Leon Spinks has

passed away aged 67.

The American, who beat

the legend Muhammad Ali,

had been battling prostate

cancer for the last five years.

Spinks's management, The

Firm PR & Marketing, said

in a statement Spinks died

on Friday evening with his

wife Brenda Glur Spinks by

his side, and with 'only a few

close friends and other

family' allowed to be present

due to Covid restrictions.

Spinks, nicknamed Neon

Leon, competed

professionally from 1977 to

1995 and shot himself into

stardom after just his eighth

bout against Ali.

He won the undisputed

heavyweight championship

in 1978 by split decision

against 'The Greatest' in one

of the biggest upsets in

boxing history.

Before turning

professional, Spinks served

in the United States Marine

Corps for three years from

1973 to 1976 before going

on to win boxing gold at the

1976 Summer Olympics in


Tributes have flooded in

for the former champ, who

also won medals at the

World Championships and

Pan American Games.


Chinese women’s super league in

2017 with Dalian Quanjian, before

joining Barcelona where she

won the league title last

year and also became

the first African to

feature and score in

UEFA women’s


league final.


Tottenham 2-0 West Brom:

Kane scores on his return

Harry Kane is back and with Kane comes Son Heungmin

and, with those two among the goals, Tottenham

can move forward once again with confidence and ambition.

Greater tests await, of course. This was no real

examination by struggling West Bromwich Albion but Jose

Mourinho’s team had to end a run of three defeats in a row.

Kane led the way, opening the scoring with his 208th goal

for Spurs to draw level in the club’s all-time goal charts

with Bobby Smith. Only Jimmy Greaves has more, albeit it

58 more.

Son scored the second and they kept a clean sheet to

soothe the fears that have gathered since Kane went off

nursing two injured ankles during a defeat against


Victory will restore some measure of belief ahead of an

FA Cup tie at Everton and Saturday’s trip to face Premier

League leaders Manchester City.



Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021 — 31

Gerrard keen to keep

Balogun at Rangers


LIVERPOOL'S Champions League last

16 away tie against RB Leipzig will

be played in Budapest, Uefa confirmed.

It follows after the German government

banned travel to the country from areas that

have mutant strains of the coronavirus, until February 17.

An application by Leipzig for special permission for

Liverpool to enter the country was refused by federal


And now Uefa have announced the venue change with

angers manager Steven Gerrard has confirmed that the Scottish

side is pleased with the contribution of Leon Balogun and is

looking to extend his present contract.

Balogun signed for Rangers last July

after bringing an end to a short spell with

Wigan Athletic, committing to a year-long

deal that will expire later this May.

The Berlin-born centre-back has gone

on to enjoy a fantastic time in Scotland,

proving a crucial component of a Rangers’

defence that is the meanest in the country.

Balogun’s defensive contributions have

helped Steven Gerrard’s men remain

unbeaten in the league while establishing

a 20-point lead over reigning champions,


The former Mainz ace has a clause in

his contract to extend his stay at Ibrox that

could be triggered in the coming weeks.

But Gerrard, who is keen to allow some

defenders at his disposal to leave Ibrox

Stadium at the end of the season, insists

he is happy with Balogun and would love

to see the Nigerian stay.

“We have six centre-backs at the

moment, but that won’t be the case in the

summer,” Gerrard was quoted as saying

by the National.

“Leon has something in his contract that

might trigger on its own in the coming


“But we don’t have to wait for that

because we are really happy with the

player and I want him around for next

season anyway.”

Balogun has made 21 appearances

across all competitions this campaign.

Champions League

Liverpool to face RB

Leipzig in Budapest

the 8pm UK kick-off time

remaining the same.

They said: "UEFA would

like to thank RB Leipzig

and Liverpool FC for their

close cooperation and

assistance in finding a

solution to the issue at

hand, as well as the

Hungarian Football

Federation for their support

and agreeing to host the

match in question."

The Puskas Arena in the

Hungarian capital will now

stage the game on February


City thrash Liverpool at Anfield


iverpool suffered a third-straight Premier

League home defeat as Man City thrashed the

Reds 4-1 at Anfield

City won at Anfield for the first time since

2003 and did so in style. They were helped on

their way by two uncharacteristic blunders from

Liverpool goalkeeper Alisson that allowed Ilkay

Gundogan and Raheem Sterling to score, and all

after Mo Salah had brought the hosts level from

the penalty spot. Phil Foden's sensational strike

was the icing on the cake as Liverpool fell to a

third successive home defeat for the first time

since 1963.

Ibrahimovic scores

500th club goal

latan Ibrahimovic has scored against Crotone

Zfor the first time in his career, reaching his

500th club goal.

The Swede netted the opener for the Rossoneri

in their home Serie A clash against Crotone.

Speaking on his goal, Ibrahimovic said, “It

means I’ve scored some goals in my career, the

most important thing is to continue and help

the team. My target is to score goals and create

opportunities,” the 39-year-old told Sky Sport

at half time.

“We must play our game and win, against a

team that sit back and can create trouble for us.

We must make the most of the opportunities we


The 39-year-old has scored 65 Serie A goals

with the Rossoneri, nine in Champions League,

six in Coppa Italia and one each in the Italian

Supercup final and Europa League playoff.

He has scored 395 league goals, 57 in

European competitions and 48 in Cup games.

Ligue 1 side St. Etienne are the club against

whom Ibra has scored most goals, 17, while he

had never scored against Crotone before



Bayelsa sports: Egbe

thumbs up Gov Diri

Chief Executive Officer of Monimichelle, Ebi Egbe has

given a pat on the back to Gov Duoye Diri for moving to

re position Bayelsa Sports.

Egbe said he is impressed with the decision of the

governor to throw his weight behind Bayelsa United as

the club steps up preparations for the Nigerian National

League (NNL) which kicks off next week.

It would be noted that Gov Diri had last week ordered

the immediate re constitution of the board of both Bayelsa

United and Bayelsa Queens, even as he equally bought

brand new buses for both teams.

“Gov Diri has shown he wants sports to thrive in Bayelsa

State. I want to thank him for taking steps that would see

Bayelsa United do well in the NNL and gain promotion

to the elite class of the nation’s domestic league. The

governor has also given a lot of support to wrestling, a

sport which Bayelsa has dominated over the years.

“My appeal is that he should also ensure that the

facilities at the Samson Siasia Stadium do not rot away.

That arena remains the only place where sports can take

place in the whole of Bayelsa for now. It needs proper

maintenance,” Egbe said.

Onyekuru celebrates derby

win over Fenerbache

enry Onyekuru has celebrated Galatasaray Istanbul Derby

Hwin over Fenerbache that paraded Mesut Ozil after it

catapulted them to the top of the Turkish Super Lig table.

The forward was lively in the “Intercontinental Derby” Saturday

before he was later replaced.

He has now won his first three matches after coming back for a

third loan stint at Galatasaray.

Onyekuru tweeted, ''3/3! Top of the table! Great away victory

and congratulations to (Mostafa) Mohammed on your goal!”.

Onyekuru is now unbeaten in four Istanbul Derbies and

Galatasaray are now the new league leaders with 48 points from

24 matches, three points more than fierce city rivals Fenerbache.

‘Gala’ have the option to buy the winger permanently for 4.3

million Euros at the end of the season from AS Monaco.

Vanguard, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2021








1 Licit (6)

4 Burrowing animal (6)

8 Attempted (5)

9 Gruesome (7)

10 Clothing (7)

11 Force out (5)

12 Devoted (9)

17 Term of respect in India (5)

19 Generous (7)

21 Easily perceived or understood (7)

22 Bring up (5)

23 Overindulgence (6)

24 Instructed (6)


1 Deadly (6)

2 Lashed (7)

3 Below (5)

5 Very old (7)

6 Holy Writ (5)

7 Pact (6)

9 Small particles (9)

13 Doubtful (7)

14 Beloved (7)

15 Onto dry land (6)

16 Customer (6)

18 Mayhem (5)

20 Asian country (5)

How to Play Sudoku

Place a number (1-9) in each blank cell. (No line can have

two of the same number).

Each row (nine lines from left to right), column, (also nine

lines from top to bottom) and 3 X 3 block within a bold block

(nine blocks) contains number from 1 through 9. This means

that no number can appear twice in any block, column or row.

No mathematics is involved – no adding, subtraction, division or

multiplication, just plain logic and your imagination.

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news@vanguardngr.com, letters@vanguardngr.com. Website: www.vanguardngr.com (ISSN 0794-652X) Editor: EZE ANABA. Phone: 01-4548355. All correspondence to P.M.B. 1007, Apapa Lagos.

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