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Anupama Kundoo architects. Portfolio. 2021

Anupama Kundoo graduated from Sir J.J. College of Architecture, Mumbai and started her practice in Auroville in 1991. Anupama Kundoo architects is currently based in Berlin, Pondicherry and Pune. Together with key team members, architects Sonali Phadnis and Yashoda Joshi, Anupama Kundoo provides architectural, planning and urban design services.

Anupama Kundoo graduated from Sir J.J. College of Architecture, Mumbai and started her practice in Auroville in 1991. Anupama Kundoo architects is currently based in Berlin, Pondicherry and Pune. Together with key team members, architects Sonali Phadnis and Yashoda Joshi, Anupama Kundoo provides architectural, planning and urban design services.

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Anupama Kundoo architects

Berlin · Pondicherry · Pune


Architecture is a living, dynamic and intelligent force that

embraces the past, present and future all at once.

Our architecture is the result of building knowledge and

building processes.

It responds to a diversity of concerns through integrated

design thinking, and has the potential to create health, happiness,

and well-being through shaping the built environment

and steering the way forward for an evolving human society.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


1 RESIDENCES

Residence Bonheur Pondicherry, 2018

Shah Farm Houses Brahmangarh, 2015

Residence Kanade Pune, 2015

Residence Paul and Claudine Auroville, 2003

Wall House Auroville, 2000

Residence Hemant and Divya Auroville, 1998

Residence Pierre Tran Auroville, 1992

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Residence Bonheur Pondicherry, 2018

Project Team: Sonali Phadnis and Anupama Kundoo

Contractor: Kadir and Creations

Set in the urban context of Pondicherry’s planned rectangular

grid city, Bonheur is a 3-storey apartment

building that is designed for to accommodate various

the young families of the next generation and their

parents in the same building, along with some common

facilities and a dispensary for paediatric patients on the

ground floor.

The architecture is introverted, disclosing very little from

the street view, and the apartments are distributed

around a central courtyard arrangement that provides

contact to the earth and sky. Smaller courtyards and

open to sky perforations expand the courtyard principle

in the service area and the vertical staircase element

to create a sense of visual continuation of the outdoor

experience.

It also enhances the natural ventilation that is necessary

for climatic comfort in the humid context. The interiors

are characterised by their views overlooking the courtyards

and the large usable verandahs that mediate between

the outdoors and the indoors.

Vertical fins screen the street side façade and protect

the intimacy of the apartments from the street side, but

also from the glare of the sun, without compromising

on the entry of the much needed breeze.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Residence Bonheur Pondicherry, 2018

Project Team: Sonali Phadnis and Anupama Kundoo

Contractor: Kadir and Creations

Set in the urban context of Pondicherry’s planned

rectangular grid city, Bonheur is a 3-storey apartment

building that is designed for to accommodate various

the young families of the next generation and their

parents in the same building, along with some common

facilities and a dispensary for paediatric patients

on the ground floor.

The architecture is introverted, disclosing very little

from the street view, and the apartments are distributed

around a central courtyard arrangement that provides

contact to the earth and sky. Smaller courtyards

and open to sky perforations expand the courtyard

principle in the service area and the vertical staircase

element to create a sense of visual continuation of the

outdoor experience. It also enhances the natural

ventilation that is necessary for climatic comfort in the

humid context.

The interiors are characterised by their views overlooking

the courtyards and the large usable verandahs that

mediate between the outdoors and the indoors.

Vertical fins screen the street side façade and protect

the intimacy of the apartments from the street side, but

also from the glare of the sun, without compromising

on the entry of the much needed breeze.


Shah Farm Houses Brahmangarh, 2015

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Yashoda Joshi

Structural Engineer: Zarna Barday

Contractor: Vilas Vare Constructions and Sekar

Sokkalingam

Built at the edge of a river on agricultural land, the complex

is shared by two residences. Natural basalt stone is

chosen as the primary locally available building material

and combined with handmade terracotta hollow tubes

for vaulted roofs as already used in the Wall House. Apart

from their main residences, the site includes collective

shared buildings accommodating caretakers’ residences

merged within the design of the compound wall, and a

cylindrical water tank, both in stone masonry.

The residences themselves, are composed of alternative

massive construction of stone masonry volumes interspersed

with vaulted volumes of space that are visually

more transparent, the vaults spanning the spaces between

the massive stone masses. The underneath

spaces of the vaulted spaces are thus used for the more

social spaces such as living and dining areas, while the

more private areas are accommodated within the stone

walls. This strategy allows the continuous view of the

water-front through the selected axes of the house, from

areas located higher up in the sloping terrain.

The ground floor spaces are contoured to hug the sloping

site with sequences of steps that cascade along the

territory and continue through the house into the

immediate exteriors. As a contrast to the natural colours

and textures of the key materials of terracotta and basalt

stone, coloured oxides on selected plastered surfaces

and floors provide a counterpoint of contrast in colours

and textures, and complete the soothing environment

of a refuge in the natural landscape away from the

megacity.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Residence Kanade Pune 2015

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Yashoda Joshi

Structural Engineer: Ranjit Ghatge

Contractor: J. V. Erectors, Sanjay Deshpande and

Vikas Murmure

Situated in a residential area in Pune, of single-standing

houses, Residence Kanade inconspicuously coexists

with its surroundings. Prevailing byelaws conventionally

result in no more than a 3-meter wide belt of vegetation

around houses. Through a central narrow water body

that seems to cross through the house, and an adjacent

double height space, porosity is achieved with the illusion

of a much larger presence of nature as the central

experience, despite being an urban residence.

Living and working spaces for visiting artists and audiovisual

get-togethers are included. Vistas of the outdoor

are aligned to flow through and through key living and

dining spaces, the landscaped exteriors at either end of

such axes. Verandas and terraces on various levels and

long cascading steps along water bodies encourage

the interior activities to spill over to transition spaces

between inside and outside, the defining element of a

home that is intimate within and without.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Residence Paul and Claudine Auroville, 2003

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Vinayagam

Structural Engineer: Dr. Ambalavanan

Contractor: Kolam

A two-storey house built using rammed earth walls

sourced from onsite, this residence was the second

home planned for Paul and Claudine who visited once

or twice annually.

The footprint was determined by the size of a generous

bedroom space with a dressing area and bathroom,

and an open to sky terrace with a small pool.

The ground floor, the result of the private space

required, was restricted to a small functional kitchen

and a tiny living dining area, which could easily expand

outdoors on to a terrace to receive people.

The residents were very taken up by the Wall House and

wanted to have the same terracotta roof, in combination

with rough stone. To enhance the impact of the rammed

earth walls, earth was used as pigment in the cement

floors as finishing.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Wall House Auroville, 2000

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Ravi, Vinayagam

Contractor: Kolam

Wall House is situated outside the planned city limits

of Auroville, in Auromodele, an area designated for

research and experimentation.

Technologically, it involved local materials in new and

inventive ways given the global resource crunch and

rapid urbanisation. Landscape design, an integral and

inseparable part of the overall architecture, worked

with the topography to integrate the indoor-outdoor

transition as an integral experience. Wall House was

the culmination of an ongoing extensive research and

experimentation in low-impact building technologies

that are environmentally and socio-economically

beneficial, by negotiating the balance between hi-tech

and low-tech and incorporating everyday materials

through techniques that include the participation of

those with lower skills and education with few skilled

craftsmen.

Such hybrid technologies focus on new ways of using

age-old local materials that combine hand skills and

local craft traditions alongside knowledge-based scientific

systems. A laboratory for research and experimenttation,

this was a prototype for future development.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Residence Hemant and Divya Auroville 1998

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo

Contractor: Kolam

Wood Work: Paul Vincent

Since he had first come to Auroville, Hemant had lived

for several years in a very simple thatch hut on granite

pillars simply tied together with coconut rope, just like

many others do in their early years in Auroville. However,

after those initial years, they looked forward to living in

a house that offered more permanence and comfort.

Outdoor areas freely penetrate the indoors, and there

are two courtyards enclosed within the ground floor

by arranging simple rough granite pillars in a series;

one as an extension to the bathroom, to provide it with

a patch of earth and sky and the other, adjoining the

living room, incorporating a small water tank that can

be use in summers to dip in, before the water is taken

to sustain the garden. The joists were cut out of really

old (around 50 years old) casuarina trees and are far

stronger than people expect, at that age. Casuarina,

as it is mostly known for its use as scaffolding and for

temporary building works, is usually harvested at three

to seven years.

The transition spaces between the house and the garden

are naturally landscaped in an unnoticeable way,

mainly consisting of the same repetitive elements, brick

paving, granite benches and pillar screens, boulders

and pebbles.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Pierre Tran Residence Auroville 1992

Design: Anupama Kundoo

Contractor: Sumark

The project show-cased a range of efficient roofing

systems that were first realised in Wall House, Auroville,

and which led to wider scale application in other projects

in the local area.

Designed for climatic comfort based on South-east

orientation. Vaulted roofs, cavity walls and ferrocement

fins regulate the glare and yet allow natural ventilation.

The roof is composed of hollow terracotta roofing tubes,

specially made for the purpose, assembled into catenary

vaults. This eliminates the use of structural steel or concrete,

while providing insulation.

The success of this technique led to a series of experiments

involving insulated and modular roof alternatives

that can be seen in later works.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


2 HOUSING

Full Fill Homes Chennai/Auroville, 2015

Light Matters Housing Auroville, 2013

Volontariat Homes for Homeless Children Pondicherry, 2008

Creativity Urban Eco-Community Auroville, 2003

Sangamam Collective Housing Auroville, 2003

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Full Fill Homes Chennai/Auroville, 2015

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Alba Balmaseda,

Sebastiano Giannesini, Yashoda Joshi, and Sonali

Phadnis

Structural Engineer: Dr. Venkata Rangarao

Contractor: Sekkar Sokkalingam

In response to the growing homelessness and concerns

about affordability, not only in economic but also in

environmental terms, Full Fill Homes are envisioned as

speedy and affordable housing units that have low environmental

impact, using a combination of sophisticated

and low-tech.

It is made of ferrocement, a highly resilient material that

she has been researching for over a decade. 25 mm thick,

the cement is reinforced with chicken mesh and can be

prefabricated in masons’ backyards to yield a set of versatile,

lightweight parts. These can then be assembled at

speed (6 days) to produce homes that are low-cost, practical,

stackable (for high density), durable (for a variety of

climates) and beautiful: ferrocement is easy to tint with

pigments, so facades can be enlivened with a range of

colours.

This prototype was produced in Bharatipuram, Auroville,

and installed at the 57th Annual National Association of

Students of Architecture at MIDAS Chennai for testing the

design in full-scale. It is now relocated to Maitreye,

Auroville.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Light Housing Auroville, 2013

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Yashoda Joshi,

and Sonali Phadnis

Structural Engineer: Dr. Venkata Rangarao

Contractor: Sekkar Sokkalingam

Light housing is a prototype for building with a lighter

environmental impact in the context of growing concerns

about the affordability of housing, and not only in money

terms. ‘Light’ also symbolizes knowledge; and the theme

focuses on minimising the ‘material’ required by using

appropriate geometry, form and efficient structural

design together with hybrid construction technologies

that balance between low-tech and hi-tech.

The key strategy for reducing cost, time consumption

and material use in the production of houses is to reduce

the chief housing component to a lightweight roofing

element that minimises the need for columns, beams

and walls. The chicken-wire mesh within the ferrocement

structure also makes the unit resistant to seismic loads.

The roof form is derived from research on origami

creasing patterns that give thin paper strength and

rigidity. A suitable form is developed according to the

proportions suitable for modest human habitation. The

module is designed for versatility through combination

and repetition in order to arrive at a range of applications

for various occupations suitable to members of the

household. The module is applicable to a range of

contexts such as disaster relief, slum upgrading,

temporary housing in sensitive landscapes and youth

hostels.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Volontariat Homes for Homeless Children Pondicherry, 2008–2010

Client: Volontariat NGO

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Vinayagam

Firing Technology and Overall Guidance: Ray Meeker

Contractor: Mahasaraswati

These homes are planned to accommodate 15 children

and 5 foster parents. This project was built using a rare

technology pioneered by Ray Meeker of Golden Bridge

Pottery, which consists of baking a mud house insitu,

after constructing it.

A fired house or a fire-established mud house is in principle

a mud house built with mud bricks and mud mortar

that is cooked after building as a whole to achieve the

strength of brick. The interior space of the structure is

stuffed with further mud bricks or other ceramic products

such as tiles, and fired as if it were a kiln.

Typically kiln walls absorb about 40 % of the heat generated.

In this technology, the house is the kiln, and the

‘heat loss’ is directed towards firing the house and stabilizing

it from water damage. The fuel cost is largely accountable

to the products inside. The strength of brick

in principle would be achieved for the piece of mud.

Further, the cement in the mortar mix would become

unnecessary.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Creativity Co-housing Auroville, 2001–2003

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Vinayagam,

Sonali Phadnis

Structural Engineer: Dr. Ambalavanan

Integrated water management: Harald Kraft and

Aurofilio Schiavina, Kraft Associates

Contractor: Auronirmata

A prototype for collective living promoting community

and sharing, the project was planned as one of 5 housing

clusters for around 360 deliberately diverse residents.

Realized as an example for an independently managed

cluster accommodating 50–60 persons, residents shared

common facilities at cluster-level and have some facilities

for use by the larger community.

The excavated onsite soil was used to build rammed

earth walls in a contemporary technique using a special

large formwork, adding 5 % cement for water resistance,

lending a contemporary character to a material associated

with the vernacular. Specially designed insulating

terracotta roofing units on part-prefab beams were assembled

as an easy modular construction of high insulation

properties. A root-zone treatment plant recycles

sewage water for irrigation.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Sangamam Collective Housing Auroville, 2003

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Vinayagam,

Sonali Phadnis

Structural Engineer: Dr. Ambalavanan

Integrated water management: Harald Kraft and

Aurofilio Schiavina, Kraft Associates

Contractor: Auronirmata

Sangamam is situated at the outskirts of Auroville, Tamil

Nadu, in an area affected by environmental and social

problems including water scarcity, saline water intrusion,

soil erosion and declining soil fertility, unemployment

and inadequate housing, educational and medical

facilities.

The age-old rammed earth building technique is introduced

in a more sophisticated form to achieve better

standard of finish, more strength and water-resistance,

and enabling a quicker modular method of building.

The vault developed in the earliest project turned out to

be so cost-competitive that although they were designed

for sophisticated projects with big budgets, they were

appropriate for use in extremely low-cost social housing

projects as in some houses in Sangamam. Cost per

house is $ 4,500.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


3 PUBLIC BUILDINGS

Sharana Daycare Facility Pondicherry, 2019

Loo Café x Waterloop Hyderabad and Auroville, 2019

Library Nandalal Sewa Samithi Pondicherry, 2016

Auroville Town Hall Complex Auroville, 2005

Multipurpose Hall S.A.W.C.H.U. Auroville, 2000

Keystone Foundation Kotagiri, 1997–2016

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Sharana Daycare Facility Pondicherry, 2019

Project Team: Sonali Phadnis and Anupama Kundoo

Contractor: Kadir and Creations

Sharana is a social and development organization

established to address the critical educational needs of

socioeconomically disadvantaged children and

communities in urban Pondicherry and its surrounding

villages. Sharana’s foundational belief is that all human

beings are equal in rights and dignity, and everyone is

entitled to food, clothing, and shelter.

The architecture revolves around the central strip of an

inner garden court with large multipurpose activity

spaces at the rear of the site, and reception/administration

services at the front on the street. The building

is constructed as reinforced cement concrete slabs on

columns of the same material.

To enclose the various spaces economically, walls are

made of porous terracotta screen modules that can be

quickly erected and eliminate the need for windows

and frames while allowing ventilation throughout the

wall surface, economically achieving the required

conditions for climatic comfort in the tropical context.

These screen wall elements allow transparency from

the floor upwards, allowing small children to remain in

visual contact with the garden outdoors.

The porous elements express transparency and inclusiveness

as per the aims of the institute, and in practice

require no additional finishes like plasters and paint

as in regular masonry, while also minimizing maintenance.

In order to give the activity rooms their own identity

and sense of enclosure, and to break the monotony of

long corridors, the geometry of angular walls as composition

elements is the ordering principle. This feature

gives the corridor and entrance areas a sense of enclosure,

identity, and a sense of intimacy appropriate to

the scale of small children, and helps them with orientation

within the complex, completely deconstructing

the impression of long monotonous corridors.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Loo Café x Waterloop Hyderabad and Auroville, 2019

Credits: Anupama Kundoo architects in collaboration

with Jane Withers Studio, and Ixora Corporate Services,

commissioned by and created in cooperation with the

British Council and supported by the Government of

Telangana

Loo Café x Water Loop is an initiative to create a new

model for public toilets in Hyderabad that celebrates

water and connections between human and environmental

systems. At the crossroads of function, education,

and experiment, it includes low-cost modular

elements that can be adapted for different sites.

As well as providing free public toilets maintained by

revenue from the café, the new model showcases

sustainable practices by making them a visible, engaging

and interactive part of the building’s design. In the

face of climate change and increasing water stress,

Loo Café x Water Loop explores alternative systems for

ecological sanitation that emphasise circularity, and

foregrounds interconnections between humans and

the environment, shit and the food chain, technology

and community.

It integrates concepts like drink rain’, ‘loop the poop’,

‘harvesting pee’, ‘no flush’ as well as ‘wonderwater

menu’ which sheds light on the water footprint of ‘how

much water do you eat’. In addition a dashboard of

sophisticated monitoring through sensors share the

vital statistics of usage patterns and impact of the

systems with visitors.

The modular prefabricated construction system is

based on Anupama Kundoo’s extensive research with

ferrocement since the 1990s, with the motto ‘by helping

communities to fabricate a set of simple building

components, we can build knowledge and bring housing

back to the people’. It is a further development of

her ‘Easy WC’ prototype built in 2015. This low-cost,

low-tech system delivers a strong, durable and versatile

set of elements with a toilet and shower cubicle

pm either sides of a covered platform with a washbasin

and can be assembled in a day. The system can be

plugged onto a freestanding septic tank, dry toilet pit

or to a drainage system depending on the context.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Library Nandalal Sewa Samithi Pondicherry, 2016

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Sonali Phadnis

Set in a residential area of rapidly urbanising Pondicherry,

the new library building is realised as a social

infrastructure facilitated through the social organisation

Nandalal Sewa Samithi.

Affordability being a key consideration, the library is

a humble and yet striking construction built in locally

made exposed bricks, that would stand out as an

institutional building in the context of plastered and

painted masonry construction of the surrounding

houses and apartment buildings.

The roof profile indicates the open book, as also the

screening elements conceived in ferrocement technology

symbolising constant progress through knowledge.

The orthogonal walls on the upper floor lean outwards

towards the top like a crown, as the building is aimed at

serving the community and investing in their empowerment

by encouraging reading and learning. As land is

limited in the context of the residential plot sizes, the

terrace upstairs is designed to compensate for the

necessary open space for contemplation and for informal

outdoor events that can bring the community together.

The inclusiveness of this facility is demonstrated through

the inclusion of braille books for the visually impaired.

This particularity is reflected architecturally in the way

braille typeface is integrated into the building elements

to create porous patterns in the brickwork, screens and

ceiling. Light patterns in the form of braille language

leave their imprint on the interior spaces so that those

who can see, are visually aware of the language of those

who cannot, and thus expand their sensitivity to the

differently abled.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Mitra Youth Hostel Auroville, 2005–2006

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Vinayagam, Sonali Phadnis

Structural Engineer: Dr. Ambalavanan

Contractor: Mahasaraswati

Mitra Youth Hostel is a facility planned to welcome visiting

youth for short and medium term stay in Auroville. Located in

the planned city center of Auroville, based on the architect’s

urban design for the area, this 3 storey building is situated in

the habitat belt of the city’s central administrative area very

close to the Town Hall Complex.

With single and double rooms, and 2 dormitories per floor,

a total of 60 people can be accommodated during full occupancy.

The design arranges the various rooms along a singly

loaded corridor, which bends along the assigned plot in an

obtuse angle that encloses a paved courtyard that is shaded

by the building and therefore useable by the residents as a

public space. Terraces and spaces for occupation by smaller

spontaneous groups on various floor levels allow the hostel

to have a social nature facilitating contact between residents.

Each room has a small private balcony facing away from the

social side of the building.

Common bathrooms and kitchens are provided per floor as

spaces that foster sharing and community living while also

allowing the facility to be affordable to visiting youth from

diverse backgrounds. An external staircase allows people to

return to their rooms without having to enter through an office

or administration desk. The building is constructed with

plastered brick masonry, and reinforced cement concrete

slabs.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Auroville Town Hall Complex Auroville, 2006

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Sonali Phadnis

Structural Engineer: Dr. Ambalavanan

Integrated water management: Harald Kraft and

Aurofilio Schiavina, Kraft Associates

Contractor: Auronirmata

This project marks the concrete step that Auroville took

towards realizing its planned city, contrary to its organic

growth approach until now. This cluster of buildings will

accelerate the realization of the administrative zone and

the town hall complex.

The challenge was to create an urban feeling with only

three buildings that would attract the further development

of this area, contributing to the character of the

city to come.

The attempt was to demonstrate the language of the

interconnecting elements between the buildings in

such a way that the urban character would be compact

built spaces interspersed with service areas and public

circulation.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Multipurpose Hall S.A.W.C.H.U. Auroville, 2000

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Sonali Phadnis,

Ramesh Palikara

Structural Engineer: Dr. Ambalavanan

Contractor: Kolam

Efficient structural design can lead with substantial savings

in steel and cement, the two most commonly used

high energy materials. A circular open pavilion of 16

meters diameter is supported by some additional service

rooms. After several iterations the concept chosen for

execution was the one that used 75 cubic meters of RCC

instead of 125 cubic meters amounting to substantial

savings. The structural system has a major influence on

the architectural form and space.

Inspired by the work of Pier Luigi Nervi this project has

involved the further development and use of ferrocement

technology to reduce the use of structural steel to

chicken mesh compared to conventional higher diameter

steel bars. In this case though ferrocement was

used as economical moulds, as lost shuttering to enable

that radial beams with an efficient curved profile could

be cast insitu. Sloping exposed reinforced concrete

columns reduce the span of the roof.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Keystone Foundation Kotagiri, 1997–2016

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Yashoda Joshi and

Sonali Phadnis

Engineer and Contractor: Narasimman Engineers

Set amidst the Nilgiri mountains in Tamil Nadu, the

picturesque site is a very steep hill surrounded by tea

plantations. Keystone Foundation is an NGO with the

mission to enhance the quality of life and the environment

with indigenous communities using eco-development

approaches. They are recognised for supporting

the sustainable practice of traditional honey hunting in

South India and in helping them find lucrative markets

to sell their produce for a fair price.

The campus was gradually developed as the organisation

grew over the last 20 years and the architectural

process developed alongside the growing success of

the institution. Starting with the first 4 buildings around

a central plaza, the design concept was to celebrate

decentralised action symbolised by small freestanding

buildings, rather than an institutional look of a large

single building that would overpower the site and

perhaps intimidate the tribal communities who would

need to interact with the interdisciplinary community

on the campus.

This concept was expanded by choosing rammed earth

construction using onsite soil and local carpentry skills.

The first structures housed the mountain apiculture

center, environmental development unit, marketing

and packaging unit, and the training and networking

unit. Over the years, a honey and coffee production

workshop, a tribal development center, dormitories and

guest houses, and a cafeteria were added.

Technology transfer was initiated through skill exchange

workshops, and various buildings produced over the

years with a sense of restraint from the architects, to empower

local builders to realise the project with available

skills.

The key feature is the extensive program accommodated

in a very compact design taking advantage of the steep

slopes, and liberating a lot of land that can remain

unbuilt.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


4 INTERIORS

Samskara · Made in India, New Delhi, 2014

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Samskara · Made in India New Delhi, 2014

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Ali Dabirian, Shweta

Jain , Yashoda Joshi, Ankit Mittal, Namita Nathani and

Sekar Sokkalingam.

A key material used is large white granite slabs with grey

speckles, finished with traditional hand levelling techniques

to reveal a more interesting texture and enhancing

the natural material rather than its common current

application as shiny machine polished reflecting surfaces

most commonly seen in hotel lobbies and such.

The skills of a Tamil Nadu stonecutters community lend

themselves to produce a landscape of undulating floors,

shelves, and benches in solid granite that will make the

flat and otherwise heavy material look fluid and elegant.

The other key material is ferrocement, more contemporary

and sophisticated material that is also essentially a

hand crafted elements.

As the exhibition reveals the luxury potential of craft, for

me, the real luxury is the sheer time devoted to the making

process; neither the craftsmen nor the users have

any sense that they are ‘wasting’ time.

The project was awarded with the

2015 NDTV Commercial Interior Design of the Year.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


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5 URBAN DESIGN AND PLANNING

Line of Goodwill, Auroville, 2017 – ongoing

Inverse Functions, Planning for African Future Cities,

inside ‘Africa: Big Chance, Big Chance’, Triennale di Milano, 2014

Auroville City Centre, Auroville, 2004

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Line of Goodwill Auroville 2017– Ongoing

Design Team : Anupama Kundoo, Yashoda Joshi,

Paloma Fernandez-Daza, in collaboration with

Ratan J. Batliboi Consultants Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai

Planned as an urban project of cohousing clusters, the

Line of Goodwill is the first high density compact

housing envisaged for Auroville to take a bold urban

step, fifty years after its foundation, in the direction of

the compact pedestrian city planned by its Chief

architect Roger Anger. To compensate for the low-rise

housing in the green city of Auroville, and still provide

the required compactness and density, Anger introduced

urban structures that he called Lignes de Force,

the most distinct elements of the city concept. These

extremely long porous structures rise tall above the rest

of the city at one end, and gradually slope down over

the entire length to reach the ground at its other end.

In the residential zone, the towering heights are located

towards the periphery of the city, their terraces facing

the city centre. These structures enhance the dynamic

spiralling movement of the town plan, absorb density

with a minimum of circulation on the ground through

vertical development and provide vistas and views of

the city itself from various viewpoints that would

otherwise not be visible in this relatively flat land.

The quest was for a new high-density typology for

‘urban eco-communities’ that is neither a tower nor a

uniform low-rise development but looks at collective

housing and related social infrastructure as a ‘hillscape

for coexistence’. The aim was to envision a vibrant and

integral solution to various urban challenges through

an integral rethinking of architecture and urban design

theoretically as well as practically, addressing

environmental, social and economic sustainability

holistically.

Line of Goodwill stands as alternative to the sprawling

residential structures that necessitate motorized transport,

and prevent the critical mass needed to realise

public transport as a city infrastructure giving the Auroville

dream a new boost and creating ample accommodation

for arriving people of a new generation. It concentrates

the needed infrastructure while serving as a

prototype for residential development in urban India

with its given land crunch, redefining collective living

centred around pedestrian mobility, integration of

renewable energy and integrated water management

concepts and innovative opportunities for sharing.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Inverse Functions Planning for African Future Cities ,

inside ‘Africa: Big Chance, Big Chance’, Triennale di Milano, 2014

Design Team : Anupama Kundoo, Alba Balmaseda,

Andrea de Toni, Marta Casarin, Valentina Rossi,

Laura Mosconi, and Ricardo Gadotti

Human life, an integral part of the planet earth will not

threaten others that inhabit the planet. Compared to a

century ago we are now using 10 times as much energy

as we did to sustain. Our current lifestyle is using significantly

more resources than a century ago, and is expected

to increase dramatically due to rapid urbanisation

of developed countries if the trend continues. New

urbanisation models are urgent, which imply a complete

reversal of urban living trends, manage natural

resources judiciously, and reduce pollution of water, air

and soil, while providing a higher quality of collective

life based on knowledge and collective responsibility.

Technologies used negotiate the degree of high-tech or

low-tech, between hand-made and machine made,

achieve models of affordable habitat relevant for future

cities anywhere in the world where affordability is a

growing concern, not only in economic terms but also

environmental terms.

The proposed city with a population of 150,000 occupying

around 5km diameter and 20 km2 area, is a prototype

for the several small-scale cities that can be

plugged on to the railway network that is currently

being reinforced, in places where solar and wind energy

are easy to tap. The idea of efficient public transport

over private transport will continue thus, right into the

city while strengthening the intercity connections.

The key areas of repositioning and inversions are as

follows:

1. Leaving the Ground to Nature

2. Reclaiming roofs as public space

3. Floating living spaces between open sky and

free ground

4. Concentrating services along 3 spines

5. Green network of mobility

6. Reversing the Tower

7. Managing water through diverse sources

8. Providing energy through hybrid systems

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Auroville City Centre Auroville, 2004

Design Team: Anupama Kundoo, Mattia Mancini, Valentina

Rattini, Mattia Tombesi, Josephine Hansen, Pryanka Shah,

Sari Bianca Basini

Auroville, a city-in-the-making, is located 150 kms south of

Chennai, Tamil Nadu, South India, envisaged for a population of

50,000, with the aim of achieving human unity. Inaugurated on

28. February 1968, Auroville has presently more than 1,500 residents

from 35 countries. The City Centre of Auroville covers a

surface of 384 acres with a radius of 690 meters around Auroville’s

centre.

Due to the scattered land situation and stewardship in the early

years of Auroville, the development had grown very haphazard.

Further, the cost of infrastructure in proportion to the cost of

structures is far too high if this trend continues.

Today, however, most of the land is purchased in the city centre

area and it is very feasible to concentrate the development

around Matrimandir, which is now complete.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


6 EXHIBITIONS

Taking Time, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art Denmark, 2020

In the series ‘Architect’s Studio’

Building Knowledge, 15 th International Architecture Exhibition –

La Biennale di Venezia Venice, 2016

Feel the Ground, 13 th International Architecture Exhibition –

La Biennale di Venezia Venice, 2012

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Taking Time Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Denmark, 2020

Design Teams:

Anupama Kundoo architects: Anupama Kundoo,

Sonali Phadnis, Yashoda Joshi, Paloma Fernandez-

Daza, Luna Bucherer, Alba Balmaseda Domingez,

Akshid Raj, Javier Monsalve Olabarri, Shreya

Deshpande, Vignesh Gopinath, Sejal Gundecha, Smita

Patil, Kiran Dhotre, Anne Louise Bjerre, Nishith

Kapadia, Nimesh Detroja, Alekhya Krishna, Riddhima

Gupte, Devashree Bhave, Brijesh Wagdoda, Anuja

Parekh, Soham Tondwalkar, Mann Shah, Ketan Ahvad,

Arjun Nair, Katharina Zurmühl.

Stadt Bau Kultur Fachhochschule Potsdam

Student participants: Philip Baum, Dovesh Bundhoo,

Ketavan Gujejiani, Emilia Machleid, Feia Nehl, Carl

Rehnert, Marie Rochnia, Martin Siedler, Fabio

Sorrentino, Veronika Stratiewski, Yasmine Toubel,

Lisa Vescovi, Elena Wunschmann.

School of Architecture Yale University

Summer studio ‘Urban Eco-Communities’ taught with

‘Critic in Architecture’ Sarosh Anklesaria

Student participants: Anna Borou Yu, Camille Chabrol,

Katie Lau, Thomas Mahon, Andrew Miller, Alexandra

Pineda, Bao Lin Shen, Arghavan Taheri, I-Ting Tsai,

Justin Tsang

KADK Royal Danish Academy

Student participants: Maurane Gabriel, Yi Go, Alma

Kelderer, Anna Orbanic, Kunyue Qi, Alisa Wang.

Institutional collaborations

Fachhochschule Potsdam

Yale University

Universität Stuttgart

KADK Copenhagen

Interdisciplinary and industrial collaborations:

Transsolar KlimaEngineering, Naushad Ali, Armor

Group, Petersen Tegl, Bau Kunst Erfinden, FSB, Taiyo,

Ratan J Batliboi

Curators: Kjeld Kjeldsen and Mette Marie Kallehauge

Video installation: Javier Callejas

Exhibition photos © 2020 Kim Hansen,

Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebæk, Denmark

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Taking Time Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Denmark, 2020

The fourth monographic exhibition of a series called

The Architect’s Studio, Anupama Kundoo – Taking Time

showcases the process of the studio in acknowledgement

of the value of time, cooperation and collaboration.

As Kundoo says “Time is the most essential resource

that we have access to as living beings.

What else do we have that is truly ours, except our own

time? The work of our lifetime occurs as part of a large

collective action in time and in space; we build knowledge

collectively. The first section of the exhibition,

THE ARCHITECTURE OF TIME, gives the visitor access to

her research archives, which include her first sources of

inspiration, processed materials and architectural

works. Under the categories Life, Mind and Matter, we

see Kundoo’s investigations into the nature of materials,

the tectonics of the earliest living beings, and mankind’s

ways of processing the material, which she calls

“the thinking hand”.

The collection of processed materials and tools falls

into three categories: Stone and Wood, Earth, and

Ferrocement and Concrete, each illustrated by a

number of 1:50 models, all of which are crafted in a

reduced scale, in the original materials.

On the balcony between the two large rooms of the

exhibition is a 1:1 construction of a single residential

cell that forms the basis of her Auroville co-housing

project. The unit is an extension of her previous Full Fill

Home prototype.

Kundoo’s work stands on three “legs”: her own practice,

research and teaching. Her research-oriented

practice and practice-oriented teaching is embraced

in the second main theme of the exhibition, CO-CREA-

TION. Here we see her concepts for a large urban development

Line of Goodwill, for the city of Auroville. It is

a prototype for high-density co-housing that rethinks

urban habitat in the context of non-ownership of land.

Radical social innovations become possible through

the creation of human-scale communities, including

circular systems and the sharing of resources. A model

(1:50) of the entire 240,000m 2 housing project is shown

in the exhibition, and part of the facade is built in 1:1

as an example of Kundoo’s development of intelligent

facades.

Kjeld Kjeldsen

Mette Marie Kallehauge

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Building Knowledge. An inventory of strategies La Biennale di Venezia, Venice 2016

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Alba Balmaseda,

Sonali Phadnis , Yashoda Joshi

Structural Engineers: Prof. Dr. Mike Schlaich,

Dr. Arndt Goldack, Dr. Alex Hückler (all TU Berlin)

Building Knowledge: An Inventory of Strategies was

Anupama Kundoo's installation at La Biennale di

Venezia, Venice 2016 as part of Reporting from the Front

curated by Alejandro Aravena.

“When the opposites in a duality work in union, there

is enrichment and knowledge. If the quest for knowledge

is ahead of reflection there can be destruction.

Knowledge informs the act of building, and building

widens knowledge.”

“By helping communities to fabricate a set of simple

building components, we can build knowledge and bring

housing back to the people.”

With additional support of: Italcementi, UCJC Madrid,

Eco Clay, Laminam, Perfialsa Portugal, Grupo Modular,

Jordahl.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Wall House One to One La Biennale di Venezia, Venice, 2012

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Michael Dickson, and

Alvise Marzollo.

Structural Engineer: Greg Killen

Inside the 13th International Architecture Exhibition – La

Biennale di Venezia Common Ground, directed by David

Chipperfield, Venice, Italy

Chipperfield’s curatorial text accompanying the

installation: “Kundoo, an Indian architect now based in

Australia, has built an ambitious, 1 : 1 facsimile of the

Wall House, a building she designed in Auroville, India,

in 2000. The common ground is in its making. A team of

Indian craftsmen, some of whom had never before left

their home country, were brought to Venice to construct

the project in collaboration with staff and students from

the University of Queensland, and students from IUAV in

Venice, creating a skills exchange across three continents.

The final piece embodies the dialogue between

construct on cultures, and also is a showcase for

Kundoo’s architecture, a lyrical modernism at ease with

the demands of its climate”.

With the additional support of: University of Queensland,

Think Brick, Sharad Hegde, Viabizzuno progettiamo la

luce.

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7 INSTALLATIONS

Green Carpet, Scenography for the Q Berlin Questions, Schiller Theater, 2017

Waterwall, IE University, Segovia, 2015

Liquid Wall, IBERO University, Mexico, 2015

Unbound Library of Lost Books, Barcelona 2014

Books in Bloom, Museo Ico, Madrid 2014

Light Matters, Bielefelder Kunstverein, Bielefeld, 2013

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Green Carpet Scenography design for the Q Berlin Questions, Schiller Theatre, 2017

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Alba Balmaseda,

Akshid Raj

As the project name ‘Green Carpet’ suggests, the scenography

design for the first of Q Berlin Questions series,

intended to reset the atmosphere in which ideas are

exchanged between people, and re-examine the traditional

image of conference settings.

The created atmosphere was of an outdoor summer

night gathering where people have the memory of

having engaged in long conversations without the urge

to 'leave the auditorium' as soon as the talks are over. In

conventional conferences there is typically the speaker

vs. the listener positioned on two sides as it were, and

the audience is placed in a passive role, which urges

them to flee outside from time to time for a break. In the

context of Berlin, in mid October with the cold and windy

days approaching, the intention was to recreate the

memory of the relaxed mood of summer’s ‘outdoorness'

that made one feel attracted to remaining indoors by

creating the feeling of already being ‘outdoor’.

Berlin Questions aimed at raising bold questions of the

uncertainties that haunt contemporary society. The

intention was to be able to deeply engage in these

unsettling conversations by being in a space of certainty.

Natural live elements like earth and grass were the

principle ‘materials’ that created the setting. This gave

the message that life on earth that has sustained over

time provides the stability, and contact to ground

realities of the planet itself. The materials that are alive

and natural (real grass) provided a sense of trueness and

authenticity, being deeply rooted in the planet beyond

man, yet cosy so that one feels in contact with oneself

while being among the crowds/collective.

The seating arrangement deconstructed the monolithic

seating rows of the Schiller theatre, by removing certain

chairs, rearranging the space democratically like an

arena, breaking the confrontational positioning of the

speaker and audience by adding further seating on the

stage. The centre stage was a void, the free space for the

new and unplanned to occur. A water body, the source

of life on earth, represented the fluid and the moving

element set in the stable mass of earth and vegetation.

The added seating included informal reclining chairs and

garden seating to suggest and encourage the audience

to find comfortable positions and enable them to take

time and engage while relaxing and reflecting.

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Waterwall IE University, Segovia, 2015

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Alba Balmaseda

‘Waterwall’ is an installation that reestablishes the value

of water in Segovia, a city that is internationally

renowned for its aqueducts, at an age where this

precious resource cannot be taken for granted.

The installation is a transparent fluid curtain made with

water bottles, a method to store and transport water just

like the aqueducts. Both cases are enabled by design. In

the age of climate change water is arguably a key issue

in society. Water is precious and essential to sustain life,

and with the growing concerns about its shortage and

quality it is even more precious. Securing water to sustain

future life is a design challenge. This is the message

that this installation transmits.

‘A message in a bottle’ is delivered to people who participate

in the event at the IE University. Bottles with messages

are distributed from the Waterwall day by day till

it disappears. This is a performance about how people

in a community are able to dematerialize the conception

of solidity associated to walls through fluidity.

After drinking the water, people may leave their own

message about water inside the empty bottle. These

messages will reach other participants in another place

and time in the future.

This is only the starting point, or the source of a new

cycle of water reaching people.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Liquid Wall Mexico,

2013

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Alba Balmaseda

This workshop is a three days experience building a fullscale

hands-on learning urban installation in Mexico

City. The aim is to develop a self supporting liquid wall

reusing waste materials and filling them with water. In

this case we have chosen tetra pack and two tons of

tetra packs were given for this purpose.

The construction process of the installation and the

installation itself is part of the event Mextrópoli 2015,

organised by Arquine.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Unbound: The Library of Lost Books Barcelona, 2014

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Ali Dabirian,

Alba Balmaseda.

Structural Engineers: Prof. Mike Schlaich and Dr. Arndt

Goldack (both TU Berlin); Lara Pellegrini, Diego Sisí and

Joan Agustí (Pedelta Barcelona)

In collaboration with: Institute for Advanced Architecture

of Catalonia (IaaC), University of Queensland

(UQ) and Technische Universität Berlin (TU).

As part of the commemoration program, Tricentenari

BCN, ‘Unbound: The Library of Lost Books’ was an

installation built in Plaça Salvador Seguí beside the

Filmoteca de Catalunya in Barcelona, in 2014.

It is a bookless library with a live program of reading,

provoking thought about the library of the future in the

digital age. The focus is on the content of the book and

the act of reading.

‘Unbound’, a term that relates to the description of

books, also expresses liberty and the idea of plenty, of

limitlessness. ‘Obsolete’ books are recycled as a construction

material, to build a canopy shading the square

in summer. Liberation is lightness. Light-weight structures

for heavy-weight books transcend the sense of

‘weight’ to focus on the perception of the ‘light’ element

of the book: content.

A project by Ajuntament de Barcelona, curated by

Benedetta Tagliabue and Àlex Ollé and produced in

collaboration with IaaC Institut d’arquitectura avançada

de Catalunya / Institute for Advanced Architecture of

Catalonia and University of Queensland, Brisbane.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Ongoing Projects

2010-


Books in Bloom Museo Ico, Madrid,

2014

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Alba Balmaseda

Books ‘the building blocks’ of society are facing extincttion.

Transition/evolution in the ‘form’ of the book

through time has led to books becoming lighter, losing

their materiality, now often only virtual. ‘Obsolete’

books locked in storage about to face their end, are

rescued from pulping or burning, and brought back in

circulation in a second life. They are recycled as construction

material, rather than for its content that is

immaterial.

with books. The contemplation is about the impact of

the ‘dying book’. The direct engagement and full-scale

explorations with physical books as building material is

symbolic of an approach that ‘any locally appropriate

material’ can lend itself to the construction of architectture.

Faced with a ‘new’ and ‘unconventional’ building

material, first-hand explorations lead to discoveries of

the materials properties and suitable architectural technologies.

This method of self-discovery would help architects

to design new technologies for even ‘conventional’

materials.

Rescued ‘unwanted’ books are made available to workshop

participants as food for thought, and for exploring

as building material. This exploration is about building

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Light Matters Bielefelder Kunstverein, Bielefeld, 2013

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Yashoda Joshi,

Sonali Phadnis, Sekar Sokkalingam

Structural Engineer: Dr. Venkata Rangarao

The aim is to explore building strategies that create a

higher quality of life, with a lighter environmental impact.

‘Light’ also represents knowledge; and the theme

focuses on minimising ‘material’ required by using

appropriate geometry, form and efficient structural

design together with hybrid construction technologies

that are a balance between low-tech and hi-tech.

In the current environment of extreme concerns about

resource depletion, it becomes all the more important

to use structural ingenuity and engineering to produce

light-weight efficient structures that use less quantities

of materials, apart from judiciously selecting materials

based on their low environmental impact. It is critical to

promote building materials with low-embodied energy

materials and building technologies that provide opportunities

for labour and socio-economically benefits the

local area through a holistic and contextual approach to

sustainability.

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


8 MATERIAL RESEARCH AND SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGIES

Using time tested material in new ways

Round wood construction

Natural stone

Interlocking terracotta cones for vaults

Terracotta trapezoidal units for jack-arch slabs

Terracotta filler slab

Rammed earth

Material innovations

Baked in-situ earth construction

Pre-fabricated ferrocement elements

In-situ ferrocement structures

Forms and Formwork

Origami crease patterns for strengthening thin elements

Ferrocement as lost shuttering

Terracotta pots as lost shuttering

Vaults without formwork

Urban waste as building material

Obsolete books and magazines

Tetra Pak®

Waste denim

Bicycle wheels

Glass bottles and cups

2

portfolio Anupama Kundoo architects


Resilience One to One: Setbacks


CONTACT Anupama Kundoo achitects

Berlin Pasteurstrasse 31

10407 Berlin

Germany

Pondicherry

Pune

7, Rangapillai street

JJ apartments 3 rd floor Flat B

605101 Pondicherry

India

1225/D Vinayak Ashram

Karnik Heritage

Fergusson College Road

411004 Pune

India

Email

info@anupamakundoo.com

yashoda.joshi@anupamakundoo.com

sonali.phadnis@anupamakundoo.com

www.anupamakundoo.com

https://www.facebook.com/kundooanupama

https://twitter.com/AnupamaKundoo

https://www.instagram.com/anupamakundooarchitects/

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