Black History Month special edition

TWULasso

Special edition

February 2021

celebrating black history

In this edition:

Where are they now?

A look at 3 Black TWU

alumnae (3)

What TWU is doing to

acknowledge its past role

in racism (4)

Cut the Act: A criticism

of performative equality

during Black History

Month (10)

Check it out! Everyday

items invented by Black

people (11)


Contents

Staff

Get to know these notable Black TWU alumnae

3

Adviser

Joseph Alderman

TWU confronts racist past with memorial

4

Editor-in-Chief

Amber Gaudet

Local Black-owned businesses to support

5

Managing Editor

Katelyn Garst

Staff picks: Favorite Black historical figure

6-7

Copy Editor

Gakenia Njenga

Denton Black Film Festival goes virtual

8

Page Editor

Anissa Clark

TWU Black History Month events calendar

Op-ed: BHM isn’t for perfomative activism

Everyday creations by Black inventors

9

10

11

Engagement Editor Deanna West

Graphic Designer Drexiel Desquitado

Photographer Sarah Pham

Staff Writers Laura Pearson


Who’s Who

just a few of the black twu alumni who inspire us

to dream big

by Laura Pearson

These three Black Texas Woman’s University alumnae shared their

experiences at TWU, their career life and where they are now.

Elyze Davis

Elyze Davis graduated with her bachelor’s degree in government from Texas

Woman’s University in 2009 and earned her master’s degree in secondary

education and teaching from TWU in 2011. She graduated from Florida

Coastal School of Law in 2014. Her greatest achievement, Davis said, was

graduating law school.

“I spent a lot of nights studying. There was a lot of class time, and the structure

of law school was so different than anything else that I had ever encountered,”

Davis said. “I am proud of the fact that I got through and that I graduated.”

Davis taught at Dallas Independent School District for two years before

attending law school in 2010 and went back to teaching for three more years

after law school. She is currently an adjunct professor at Tarrant County

Community College and has been for four years, and she works at the Sixth

Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza in Dallas as an education program specialist.

“I love [my job,]” Davis said. “It is very different from teaching schools. The

bulk of my career since I graduated from TWU has been in the classroom, and

now I get to educate in a different sphere.”

During her time at TWU, Davis served as the president of the Student

Government Association, a secretary for Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, a peer

advisor for housing, and worked at the campus bookstore.

“I like to call my undergraduate years the best four years of my life, and I really

enjoyed it,” Davis said. “I would say that TWU really taught me balance. I find

myself going back to the things I learned at TWU on how to balance my life

now.”

Maryellen Hicks

Maryellen Hicks graduated from TWU in 1970 with a bachelor’s degree

in history and government. She then went on to become the second Black

student to attend Texas Tech law school and the first Black student to

graduate from it.

“I’ve always said I wanted to be a lawyer, and that never changed,” Hicks said.

“[My family] claimed I was five years old when I said I was going to be a lawyer,

and it never changed. TWU affirmed that for me.”

Hicks was a freshman at TWU when Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated.

The night he was killed, Hicks said a group of young Black women were

outside crying and grieving. Two young white men drove by in a red pick up

truck and shot into the crowd, and two of Hicks’ friends were injured.

“I was so mad, I didn’t know what to do,” Hicks said. “I was grieving for a man

I thought was the Messiah, and any of us could have been killed. The worst

thing about it, which made me even more determined to be a lawyer, I testified

to what I saw that night to a Denton County grand jury, and they took no

action against those young men.”

Hicks went to Fort Worth to work for the National Labor Relations Board,

but then decided to work for a small Black firm that did a lot of civil rights

work. She then went into private practice with one of the partners there.

In 1977, she became the first Black judge for the traffic court in Fort Worth.

She was then appointed to a family court by then-governor Mark White

in 1983. In 1993, she was appointed by then-governor Ann Richards to the

second Court of Appeals, being the first woman and first Black person to be

appointed to that bench.

Deborah Peoples.

“I’ve been very blessed to be the first in many, many things and hopefully

not the only,” Hicks said.

Hicks is involved in social justice organizations including the National

Association for the Advancement of Colored People and African

Americans Summit for Peace.

TWU became a tradition in Hick’s family, with multiple people in her

family attending TWU. She has met life long friends at the school, who

she still is in contact with today.

“I have only good memories of TWU,” Hicks said. “That’s just all there

is to it.”

Deborah Peoples

Deborah Peoples graduated from TWU in 1973. She majored in theatre

with a minor in English, and she ended up getting a degree in speech. She

later went on to get her master’s degree from TWU.

Peoples retired in 2012 from being a vice president with AT&T. Since

2013, she has served as chair of the Tarrant County Democratic Party.

She is currently running for mayor of Fort Worth.

“Our goal has to be to look at the future and to create a city that you

would want to live in and stay in,” Peoples said. “So many young college

graduates can’t find the job that they want here, and they go to other

places. We need to change that paradigm.”

Peoples attended TWU during times of high racial tension because they

were starting to integrate. There was some reticence, Peoples said, about

students of color being involved in campus activities.

“There’s so many people from so many backgrounds.” Peoples said. “A

nd so that probably was my first real brush with diversity. I had spent my

last three years of high school at an integrated high school, but I think

my real understanding of the diverse world that we live in came from

college.”

Peoples said TWU helped her gain the opportunity to build relationships

with others, and that TWU has done everything for her.

“TWU allowed me to find myself and grow,” Peoples said. “And for that,

I am grateful.”

The Lasso 3


Memorial garden to acknowledge university’s role in forced

relocation of Black community 100 years ago by Gakenia Njenga

After taking part in the forceful relocation of Black Quakertown

residents 99 years ago from what is now Quakertown Park,

Texas Woman’s University is now developing plans for an oncampus

memorial garden to reflect on its contributions to inequality

and injustice.

As the city of Denton began taking shape in the late 1800s, a

community of Black Denton residents occupied a neighborhood

that then was known as Quaker. However, following the vote on

the removal of the residents, also referred to as the Park Bond issue,

president of the College of Industrial Arts (now TWU) F.M. Bralley,

said that the removal of Quaker residents would “rid the college of

the menace of the Negro quarters in close proximity…and thereby

remove the danger that is always so present,” according to TWU’s

Quakertown webpage. By 1922, the Park Bond had forced the sale of

the nearly 60 residents’ homes.

acknowledge the school’s history with the park.

“We wanted to think about not only acknowledging this history,

but also use it to create a better world,” Johnson said. “A world

where these kinds of things aren’t hidden; a world where we can

have discussions about hard topics.”

Rather than just changing the name of the annex, which Johnson

said would draw attention for only a short amount of time before

it became “old news,” he and the committee wanted to make a

longer lasting impact, which became the idea to create a memorial.

The garden will feature an amphitheater that seats 200 to 300

people and will be surrounded by symbolic figures, each with their

own historic narratives that visitors can access by scanning the

figures with their mobile devices.

In 2017, Chancellor Carine Feyten assembled the Quakertown

Committee dedicated to developing “recommendations that allow

the university to publicly acknowledge its past role in the displacement

of Quakertown citizens in a way that fosters and promotes better

racial unity today,” according to the TWU Quakertown webpage.

The chancellor’s chief of staff Christopher Johnson said that the

formation of the committee was built upon one student’s request

to Feyten to address the university’s history associated with the

Quakertown Park and change the name of the Bralley Annex, now

Support Annex, which was named after the president who forced

the migration of the Black community. Johnson said that the

committee consists of not only faculty and staff, but also students and

community members. Together, they have worked to change the title

of the annex, and are now brainstorming ideas about other ways to

“We thought that that would be sort of cathartic, in a way, and also

educational,” Johnson said.

Chair of the committee and director of Counseling and

Psychological Services (CAPS) Denise Lucero-Miller said that

the committee’s intentions focus largely on engaging the local

community in a healing process and fulfilling a duty of taking

responsibility for ever contributing to such uncivil affairs.

With a tight university budget, largely due to the COVID-19

pandemic, Johnson said the committee is currently working on

multiple grants to help fund the memorial as well as preparing

a proposal for the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, a non-profit

organization that helps build and support works related to arts

and humanities. The committee is trying to get the attention of the

foundation’s $250 million Monuments Project that

aims to “support efforts to recalibrate the assumed

center of our national narratives to include those

who have often been denied historical recognition,”

according to the Monuments Project webpage.

Though the memorial does not yet have a settled

location, the committee is currently working with an

architectural firm known for helping develop spaces

of healing, Johnson said.

“Once we have a rendering of the space, we’ll be able

to use that to take to other philanthropic donors

and say, ‘Hey, we think this is important and will

help contribute to more unity in our society through

education by acknowledging this past,’” Johnson

said.

The memorial garden will be built on Texas Woman’s University’s Denton campus,

though an exact location hasn’t been finalized yet. Photo by Sarah Pham.

The memorial garden’s plans have recently been

finalized and it is set to be completed in 2022, exactly

100 years after the forced relocation of Quakertown

residents.

4 The Lasso


BLACK BUSINESSES

Local Black-owned businesses to support in

North Texas

by Gakenia Njenga

If you, too, are beginning to feel a little uneasy about frequently

contributing to large corporations whose morals are sacrificed

for greed and materialism, now’s a good time to switch it up. For

every restaurant, shop or salon you favor, there’s an equal (and likely,

better) counterpart managed by a diligent minority who builds

their brand upon sincerity and benevolence.

Here are some Black-owned businesses you can begin to visit on

your everyday outings.

Food

Cake Bar - Dallas

Cake Bar makes a daily selection of baked treats ranging from traditional,

Southern-style, homemade, and quick breads, cookies, as

well as ice cream and beverages.

Kessler Baking Studio - Dallas

This bakery creates a daily selection of creative sweets including

unique renditions of cookies, brownies, packaged nuts, specialty

treats and other confections.

Black Coffee - Fort Worth

This black-owned coffee shop made its way on the Best of Fort

Worth 2020 list, meaning you don’t want to miss out on this shop’s

excellent brews.

Sankofa Kitchen - Dallas (vegan)

This is a family-owned vegan and soul food restaurant that offers

a diverse variety of health-conscious meals packed with soul and

flavor in every bite.

Arts

JCI Creatives – Various locations

This creative firm offers photography, video production and

graphic design to the Dallas and Houston areas, as well as in Tulsa

and Oklahoma City.

Angela Webb Photography - Dallas

This company provides a platform for upcoming models, talent

and the everyday people looking to market or expand their company

or brand. Webb offers headshots, portraits, event recaps and

fashion-forward images based on the request of the client.

Wright Art Twins Gallery - Dallas

This art gallery, owned by the Wright twins, provides a platform

for up-and-coming artists. The twins host a variety of events

throughout the year including private shows, art exhibits, networking

events and social affairs.

Black Coffee owner Mia Moss. Photo courtesy Dallas Morning News.

Beauty

The Glam Lounge Makeup Studio - Dallas

Curated and operated by celebrity makeup artist Chamonique

Short, this studio is a glamorous and professional destination for all

things beauty.

Tickle Me Pink Waxing - Dallas

This salon is known for its personable atmosphere and qualified services

that include waxing, microblading and tooth gems.

Hair Salons

4HR Braid Bar - Carrollton

Known for completing all of the best braided styles for all ages in

only four hours or less, 4HR Braid Bar offers styles from dreads, to

crochet, to goddess braids, to Senegalese twists —you name it!

Salon Ivy - Dallas

Salon Ivy provides extensions and hand-made wigs for any budget

in a relaxing, soothing and down-to-earth environment.

The Fade Shop - Dallas, Frisco, Plano and McKinney

This is an award-winning barbershop known for giving exceptional

service and actively supporting North Texas community initiatives.

Nonprofit Organizations

Minnie’s Food Pantry - Plano

This nonprofit believes strongly in wellness and its relationship with

food, health and financial education, and strives to provide healthy

meals, educational resources and red-carpet treatment.

Dallas Black Chamber of Commerce - Dallas

The DBCC focuses on helping increase business opportunities for

Black communities by providing seminars, referrals, marketing and

more.

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Heart eyes for history

“The contributions Angela Davis has made to race, class and

feminist theory, including contributions she is still making as an

activist even at 77 years old, are nothing short of incredible. I

especially like how clear she is that she is not the figurehead, but

merely one in a movement dedicated to liberation.”

Anissa Clark, Page Editor

“I want to believe that Ida B. Wells and I would get along

swimmingly if we lived during the same time period. As a

prominent investigative journalist, she was known, namely, for

her role as a civil rights activitst and a founder of the NAACP.

Wells was fiery and unafraid of failure - for which I love her

most.”

Katelyn Garst, Managing Editor

“Charlotte E. Ray was the first Black woman to become a

lawyer in the United States and to take the bar in the District

of Columbia in 1872. She was also one of the first women to

even be allowed to take the bar exam. She was well educated,

having graduated from Howard University, and I admire that

significantly.”

Deanna West, Engagement Editor

“Toni Morrison was an amazing writer, editor and thinker whose

prolific novels helped capture the social and cultural climate

for Black Americans in the 20th Century and illustrated the

crushing toll of both racism and sexism against Black women.

Her writings, both fiction and nonfiction, remain some of the

most thoughtful examinations of race in America.”

Amber Gaudet, Editor-in-Chief

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“Kamala Harris is my favorite historical figure because she

is the first African American and Asian American woman to

become a vice president, and she is setting a great example and

role model for all the little girls and everyone out there— so

that they can dream big and can achieve a role that was known

to be male-dominated.”

Drexiel Desquitado, Graphic Designer

“Marsha P. Johnson has always been such a phenomenal and

outstanding figure to me. Not only did Johnson’s bravery spark

one of the most significant moments in the gay liberation

movement and the fight for gay rights within the country, but

she also moved on to providing compromised LGBTQ+ youth

a home and a sense of community and belonging. She was

amazing.”

Gakenia Njenga, Copy Editor

“My favorite Black historical figure is Frederick Douglass. He

was a leader in the abolitionist movement and published many

anti-slavery works. He was also the first African American to be

nominated for vice president. He supported women’s suffrage

during that time period, and believed in equality for all races.”

Laura Pearson, Reporter

“My favorite Black historical figure is Mary Jackson, a female

engineer who beat all odds and became successful in a field that

was not welcoming to people like her. Her story is inspiring

to me because she was driven by her passion for math and

science, which is something I try to do in my studies as well. She

was ready to face any challenge that came her way if it meant

achieving her goals.”

Sarah Pham, Photographer

Black figures we want you to love, too

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VIRTUAL VIEWS

The Denton Black Film Festival was held

completely online for the first time this

year, running from Jan. 27 to Feb. 1.

The Denton Black Film Festival was created

seven years ago as a way to raise funds for the

African American Scholarship Foundation.

They also offer events including art exhibits,

music, workshops and panels for filmmakers

and creators.

“We realized there was a need, and there was

a lot of opportunity for Black culture to be

cultivated and spread out in the community

through a film festival,” music director

Frederick Nichelson said. “Most people

didn’t know what a film festival was ,and

there was so much content that could be

used and displayed, so we just kind of started

from the ground and built it up from there.”

Sixth Denton Black Film Festival goes virtual for

the first time in history

by Laura Pearson

The festival was able to screen 136 films this

year. The theme chosen this year was social justice, due to the

recent events that have happened within the past year and that

are currently happening. This year, prevalent topics also included

housing, environmental issues such as toxic waste materials

being exposed to communities of color and mental health, more

specifically with Black women.

“I think it is a part of the Black community,” festival director Harry

Eaddy said. “We deal with a lot of social issues that confront us, so

what we try to do every year, really, is we address certain issues. We

have social justice concerns. This year, we talked about housing —

we have a film called ‘Detroit Rising.’

“We also have a partnership with Burke X to talk about the

environment. We have some films dealing with accidental

environmental issues.”

This year’s event was held completely online, and festival goers

were able to purchase tickets and stream the films they wanted

to watch at their own time. The Denton Black Film Festival had a

small digital footprint before this year, so hosting the event online

was brand-new.

“It has been tough, because everything we did was a learning

process,” Nichelson said. “Typically we have drawn 6-7,000 people

in person to Denton to be a part of the festival. This year, there

Courtesy of prekindle.com.

were no in-person events in Denton, and so everything had to

be done basically digitally with email and social media to let

people know nationwide that they can still attend.”

Since there were no in-person events this year, the original

music video contest was created, where artists were able to

submit a music video to their original songs to be judged by

the festival-goers.

“We had a committee that reviewed all of the submissions,

and there were about five different criteria featuring a Black

artist or a Black producer or Black content or theme and

musicality,” Nichelson said. “We just broke it down to the top

five or top seven, and we put those in a block, and anybody

who goes to the festival can go and view it.”

This year, the festival also introduced traditional poetry and

screen dance.

“We had five poets from Arizona, New York, Texas and

Chicago to discuss poetry and also read some of their

poetry to the audience,” Eaddy said. “So, it was really a great

discussion and a lot of really good poetry, and a lot of it was

based on social justice issues.”

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TWU Black History Month events calendar

FEBRUARY

*Check the Pioneer Engage and TWU Calendar for Zoom links to register for events.

2/1 TWU Black Out

Wear Black culture/empowerment shirt and post to social media

with #TWUBlackOut

~ Black History Month Committee

2/1 What’s the T: Thinking of the Gender Binary in the Workplace

3:30pm-4:30pm via Zoom

~ Internships; Career Connections & Diversity, Inclusion and Outreach

2/3 Langston Hughes Project

6:00pm-8:00pm via Zoom

~ Diversity, Inclusion and Outreach

2/5 Black Student Association General Meeting

Black Lives Matter: Every Month. Every Second. Every Day.

7:00pm-8:00pm via Zoom

~ Black Student Association

2/7-12 Canned Food Drive

Drop off in the Office of Diversity, Inclusion and Outreach

~ Black Student Association

2/8 Anger, Strength and Being Black: Racial Battle Fatigue on

College Campuses

Speaker: Nicola A. Corbin, Ph.D.

3:00pm-4:00pm via Zoom

~ Diversity, Inclusion and Outreach

2/8 Say Her Name: The Life and Death of Sandra Bland

7:22pm | Virtual location to be promoted via Pioneer Engage

~ Eta Nu Chapter of Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc.

2/9 Richard Miles: My Experience of Wrongful Conviction

and My Call to Action

Speaker: Richard Miles

3:00pm-4:00pm via Zoom

~ Book-in-Common; Health and Wellness Initiative &

Diversity, Inclusion and Outreach

2/10 COVID-19 & the Color Line

3:30pm-4:30pm via Zoom

~ Black History Month Committee

2/10 Soul Food Lunch

11am-2pm | Dining Hall

~ TWU Housing & Dining and Pioneer Kitchen

2/12 Afro Dance with Fatu

Pre-recording Virtual Class

Posts at 6:00pm on YouTube – TWUfitnessandrec

~ Black History Month Committee & Fitness and Recreation

2/12 Black Business Glow Up

Conversations with Black businesses

7:00pm-8:00pm via Zoom

~ Black Student Association

2/16 Healthcare for Black Practitioners and Patients

3:00pm-4:30pm via Zoom

~ Diversity, Inclusion and Outreach & Career Connections

2/17 Black Excellence Market Bingo

6:30pm | Southwest Ballroom B in SUHH

~ Student Union & Diversity, Inclusion and Outreach

2/18 A Call to Action: Nutrition & Wellness in the Black Community

Speaker: Esosa Osagiede

6:00pm-7:00pm via Zoom

~ Book-in-Common; Health and Wellness Initiative &

Diversity, Inclusion and Outreach

2/20 Black Empowerment Brunch

10:00am | Southwest Ballroom in SUHH

~ Residence Hall Association

2/23 Answering the Call: Exploring Scholar-Activism at TWU

(and Beyond) - Podcast

Guest: Dr. Danielle Phillips-Cunningham

11:00am-12:00pm | https://anchor.fm/twupcse

~ TWU Pioneer Center for Student Excellence

2/23 What Would Dr. King & Malcolm X Teach in 2021

Speaker: Odell A. Bizzell II

6:00pm-7:00pm via Zoom

~ Student Government Association

2/24 Black History Month Open Mic Night

6:00pm-8:00pm via Zoom

~ Black History Month Committee

2/26 Afro Dance with Fatu

Pre-recording Virtual Class

Posts at 6:00pm on YouTube – TWUfitnessandrec

~ Black History Month Committee & Fitness and Recreation

*Social Justice Cinema – The following films are accessible to the TWU

community at your leisure at twu.edu/pioneer-center/book-in-common/

for links.

• Just Mercy

• Harriet

• True Justice: Bryan Stevenson’s Fight for Equality

• Baltimore Rising

• On the Basis of Sex

For more information, contact Ebony Pope at EPope@twu.edu or 940-898-3634. To

request accommodation, contact Ebony Pope at least two weeks prior to the event.

The Lasso 9


performing equality

The fight for racial justice shouldn’t

only happen when it’s convenient

by Gakenia Njenga

Leave it up to moments meant for purposeful minority recognition

and honor to spark society’s sudden concern and support

for the nation’s marginalized groups and communities.

You know what I’m talking about—the out-of-place Martin Luther

King Jr. quotes for Facebook captions, or the single weeks of Black

history curriculum in elementary schools where students learn

about how Rosa Parks didn’t want to do that thing or how Malcolm

X stood in front of lots of crowds to talk about who knows what

because it truly doesn’t matter to them beyond the month of February.

And don’t even get me started on those Instagram tags cluttered

with Black Power fists and blank posts claiming that “change needs

to happen,” yet never speak on the matter again after the topic of

justice and equality is no longer trending on their feed. They repeat

that “discrimination is wrong,” but don’t do or contribute to anything

to combat it.

Such “activism” and light being shed upon the Black community

without digging into the nitty-gritty details of current and past conditions

of Black living or prolonging the support after the matter is out

of the headlines does little to nothing for Black liberation and recognition.

How can someone strive to bring awareness to an issue if they

won’t even explain why the issue is important?

The worst part of it all is that some people truly believe that doing

the bare minimum shows that they care about making a difference for

these causes they think they’re contributing to, but all it does is prove

that they only care about making themselves look like advocates for

these causes.

These are also the same people who will preach online the importance

of fighting for equality and reforming the system and go spend time

with their friends where they will, as a collective, spit microaggressions

and emanate racist undertones within their everyday actions. It’s

unfathomable what people will do just to make themselves look good.

To, first, even partake in the disrespect that we are trying so hard to

abolish and then, two, put on this facade that they’re wanting to make

the world a better place is beyond comprehension.

Black History Month is especially one of the most grueling times to

endure when it comes to people like this. This fake-woke epidemic

doesn’t just reside on social media, but also makes its way into the

school systems.

Elementary schools will instruct teachers to dig up their Black history

lesson plans and teach students just about the same three or four historical

Black figures and events mentioned every year for a couple of

weeks and then drop it. Then, for the rest of the school year, students

won’t hear about any more significant Black people or historical moments,

as if Black history isn’t a part of American history. As if Black

history is some sort of special addition to regularly scheduled lesson

plans. At the end of the year, what are the students even learning?

Schools push this agenda only because they want their students to go

home and tell their parents that they’re learning about Black history

so that the school can seem “inclusive” and “well-rounded” to the local

community.

This logic also swings with big companies that conveniently pop up every

February to give their audience an “important” reminder of Black

History Month and claim they value equality, but don’t say a word

when the realities of Black lives come to the surface and are in actual

need of support.

It’s all just an act. A degrading and antagonizing act that does much

more bad than it will ever do good on so many complex levels that

these performative activists and advocates wouldn’t be able to even

begin to understand.

Illustration by Drexiel Desquitado.

It’s tiring. Black people and issues are not something you can capitalize

on and use to groom your own ego and reputation. Black people and

issues are not some sort of charity case that you can pick and choose

to have (quite condescending) sympathy for in times of racial disparity.

And most importantly, Black people and issues contain stories and

lives that deserve much more than just an undermining shoutout a

couple of times a year.

10 The Lasso


Everyday inventions

Celebrating 15 everyday creations by Black inventors

that helped shape modern life by Deanna West

Have you ever hopped on an elevator and

wondered who even invented the elevator?

Or looked down to see what time it is, and you ask

yourself, “What genius invented the clock?” We

overlook these common, everyday inventions and

the convenience they bring us, so here’s a list of the

innovative minds behind these gadgets:

Dustpan

Lloyd P. Ray is the reason we can easily sweep up the

food that may or may not have fallen off your plate.

Ice Cream Scooper

It’s never too cold for ice cream! We can thank Alfred

L. Cralle for giving us endless scoops of ice cream.

Mailbox

Phillip Downing changed the way people received

mail. Before his invention, people would make a long

trip to the post office to mail a letter.

Alexander Miles, above, created the automatic elevator doors we know today.

Traffic Light

Have you ever been running late and then you seem to hit every red

light possible? Garrett Morgan invented those pesky red lights, but

we wouldn’t know what to do without them!

Refrigerated Trucks

Is your fridge too hot? Good thing we can change the temperature in a

swift second. Frederick Jones became the first Black man elected to the

American Society of Refrigeration Engineers and made temperature

control possible.

Potato Chip

Did someone say snack time? George Crum invented the delicious and

addicting potato chips.

Super Soaker

Who doesn’t love a fun summer day water gun fight? Lonnie Johnson

gifted us with the mega water gun while working at NASA.

Automatic Elevator Doors

Before Alexander Miles’s invention, elevator riders had to manually

open and close two sets of doors. Miles made traveling in an elevator

easier and safer.

Clock

To answer the question from earlier, Benjamin Banneker invented

America’s first clock.

Clothes Dryer

Air drying takes way too long and let’s face it, we don’t have the time to

sit around and wait. Invented by George T. Sampson, our dryers save us

time for more important things, like watching Netflix!

3-D Movies

Valerie Thomas was working at NASA when she invented the

technology used in 3D imaging.

Sketchings of the dust pan, invented by Lloyd P. Ray. Courtesy

of Duluth Public Library.

Home Security

We can sleep safely at night thanks to Marie Van Brittan Brown for

creating the groundwork of home security systems.

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“Cover design by Drexiel Desquitado

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