MONTHLY NEWSLETTER - #4
WLFN 4H Club prepares for their upcoming show and sale
A Guide on Calling the Police
Not sure the protocol
when calling the police?
the Boo Maga
healthy environment for them.
In Natural Resources I assisted
for three years now, I have really
enjoyed learning from my fellow
Daycare Rodeo Trip
The Daycare children
took a trip to meet some
My name is Shawna Philbrick, I
come from the hereditary family
of the Late Chief William. I’m
fortunate to have roots in both
with the development of the
First Nations Land Management,
helped with communications
and organised local and urban
meetings. My current position, the
council members and mentors, who
continue to encourage me to be
better and develop leadership skills,
such as; attending and participating
in community meetings and activities,
Meet Our Summer Students
Meet all of our summer
students and find out
what they’re up to!
the Secwepemc and Tl’etinqox
background and take great pride
in living within my community
where both my children and I can
continue to learn our language
Employment Coordinator allows
me to assist community members
with building and improving
their resumes and cover letters,
teaching interview skills and
speaking and welcoming guests at
events, volunteering my time and
including my kids, whilst continuing
to teach them to be humble and
grateful for our amazing community.
Confused about the
Treaty Process? We’ve
simplified it for you.
Understanding Treaty Cont.
Council Meeting Highlights
Take a look at what your
Council have been up to
over the past month!
Got an idea or story for
Williams Lake First
and culture, along with taking
part in all the wonderful, fun and
cultural activities that are offered
within our community. I have
resided and worked with Williams
Lake First Nation since February
of 2006 in various departments.
This has allowed me to gain
valuable skills and knowledge,
whilst working within my own
community. I have also been able
to gain numerous capabilities
throughout my career.
My work as a Youth Coordinator
involved engaging and working
with WLFN youth, developing
coordinating available jobs with
Having been a council member
I also want to acknowledge and thank
members who felt comfortable to
sit and connect with me whether it
was regarding concerns or providing
feedback on WLFN moving forward
and making constructive changes for
the future of our next generations to
(Thank you very much)
Shawna P hil brick
Councillor Shawna Philbrick
programs and providing a safe and
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A Guide on Calling
In many small communities,
the RCMP has observed several
issues arising when it comes to
the expectations from the public
call takers job is to gather as
much information as possible.
That way the attending Officer
can take appropriate action to
in regards to Police response to a
better serve your needs. In many
complaint, delayed reporting of an
incident and frustrations with the
reporting process. This guide is
an aid on how the process works
and what is expected when calling
911 or the Police line?
Whenever someone’s life is
in danger such as a domestic
violence situation, impaired
drivers, weapon complaints,
suicidal persons and such, it
is imperative to dial 911 right
away as these are considered
If you are reporting a theft that is
not in progress, loss of property,
suspicious activities, tenant
disputes, driving complaints after
the fact, it is suitable to call the
RCMP detachment to report.
What to Expect
When reporting, you will be
speaking to a “call taker”. The
cases, while your information is
being gathered, a “Dispatcher”
is relaying he information to an
Officer who is already on his way
Do not be dismayed at the
questions being asked! The more
information a call taker can obtain,
the better they can determine
the priority in which Police will
respond. The more information
given, the better an Officer can
conduct a risk assessment and
Why It’s So Important!
When gathering information,
Police must rely on first hand
evidence and not third hand
information given three days after
Reporting incidents immediately
diminish the chance that evidence
will be loss or destroyed. It
also increases the odds that
appropriate actions can be
followed up with Court action.
Many times people feel like
the Police “don’t do anything”
without realizing that third hand
information, loss of evidence
and uncooperative complainants
results in the Courts not going
forward with an investigation.
An anonymous report is
perfectly acceptable in certain
circumstances where the
complainant wishes to remain
anonymous to known associates.
It must be accepted however that
reporting anonymously will resort
in a delayed investigation or it
may terminate it altogether.
Call Crime Stopper at 1-800-
222-8477 to report anonymously.
Q: What is your role at WLFN & what are your
A: I am the Senior Manager of Member Services.
I have worked here for 19 years and love working
with WLFN. I have seen so much change since I
have been here as we are growing substantially.
I oversee the Administration office and provide
great insight and support to my team . I manage
our Membership List as we are Section 10
(control our own membership list), conduct
annual membership votes, manage our ISO
(International Standards Organization) system
and conduct annual ISO audits. I am also the
Electoral Officer for Chief and Council elections
Q: What is the most challenging aspect of your
A: The most challenging aspect of my job
would be balancing the different tasks and
responsibilities of my many different roles
(point of contact or vendors, membership clerk,
oversee all Sugar Cane office buildings, etc.).
Q: Do you have any stories from your time
A: I started working for the Community in 2002
as a temp receptionist and I think we maybe had
about 20 employees now we are going on to
approximately 95 employees, including summer
students. The changes in WLFN are impacting
the community in a positive way and I am proud
to be a part of it.
Q: What’s the one thing you can’t live without?
A: Duel Computer Screens!
Q: If you could be any fictional character, who
would it be?
A: I would be Belle from Beauty and the Beast:
She’s kind and caring and will go the extra mile to
help. She loves to learn and likes adventure and
is not afraid to try new things even if it is out of
her comfort zone.
Q: Do you have a message for the community
A: WLFN strives on giving individuals the
opportunity to learn and grow. I started out as a
receptionist, and I am now the Senior Manger of
Member Services. I am proud to be working with
WLFN! My door is always open so don’t hesitate
to stop by and see me!
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and learnt about their job. Some
of the accompanying adults were
even brave enough to have a sit
Next on the agenda was learning
how to interact with the horses
on the ground, before having a
ride on their backs.
The childrent also were able to
meet some younger calves, and
learn about their care.
They were also allowed to take a
tour inside one of the huge stock
trailers that are used to transport
multiple animals at a time.
Last on the agenda was
roping. Roy and Earl explained
why learning to rope was so
important on a ranch and talked
the group through the process,
before letting everyone have a try
themselves. All the children had a
blast - even CAO Aaron Mannella
couldn’t resisit taking a turn!
WLFN will be returning to C+ Rodeos
on August 30th, this time with a youth
group, for a full day’s experience. Make
sure to sign up with the recreation
department if you are interested in
Daycare trip to
The children from Little Chief’s
Daycare took a trip out to visit
some rodeo critters on July 21st.
The day was hosted by Earl and
Roy Call, the owners of C+ Rodeos.
C+ Rodeos are the largest and
leading Stock Contractors for
Rodeos and Bull Riding events in
British Columbia. They provide
award winning livestock to many
of the largest rodeos in BC.
The children started the day
by meeting some of the largest
animals on the ranch – the bulls –
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Human Resources Assistant
I’m Ariel, I’m 16 and in my spare time I love to read! This is my first summer job and so
far it’s been super fun. I’m most excited to learn more about the process of hiring and
training new people. After summer I would like to see if I can put the skills I have learnt
whilst working at WLFN to good use in other roles.
C ole Skerry
Operations and Maintenance Worker
My name is Cole and I am 15. I enjoy sports and the outdoors. Whilst working with O&M
this summer, I’ll be doing a variety of jobs such as helping with the recycling, carpentry and
lots of different types of manual labour. After summer I will be going back to school and
will start playing hockey again. I am thankful for the opportunity to work at WLFN and be
able to improve my skills and knowledge in many different areas.
Keane P hil brick
Heritage Project Assistant
My name is Keane, I turned 13 in June. I’m a registered WLFN Member and I was born and
raised in Williams Lake/Sugar Cane. This summer I will be working alongside Anna Gilbert to
beautify and keep the community healthy and safe. Some of my jobs include mowing lawns,
trimming trees, cutting shrubs, painting, cleaning up garbage and watering community
flowers. I was a bit nervous applying for my first ever summer job, but WLFN and Anna
helped me feel comfortable and gain confidence along the way.
Keona Gil bert
Law Enforcement Assistant
My name is Keona, I am 15 years old. I love listening to music, playing guitar, drawing,
spending time with family and being out enjoying nature. I will be job shadowing Andy
Johnson, the Senior Law Enforcement Officer this summer. I am looking forward to this
experience, and I am excited to learn more about my community and the land. After
summer, I will be going into Grade 10/11. I am thankful to have this opportunity to start
my work experience with WLFN.
Operations and Maintenance Worker
I’m Drent and I’m 15 years old. Outside of work I enjoy hockey, basketball, gaming and
hanging out with my friends. I am helping O&M with carpentry, recycling and weed
whacking. I will be going back to school in September, but in the future I would like to
continue to work on my carpentry skills.
Weyt-k! My name is Mikia, I’m 27 years old, I love to spend time at home with my family,
take pictures and go on hikes. This summer I have been organizing files, answering
calls, attending meetings, and visiting community members. I’m excited to work with the
members and staff of WLFN. I’m expecting a baby November 2021, so after summer I will
be preparing for a newborn! I am really excited to be out in the community to see where
my great-grandma Julia Alphonse comes from.
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Stage Two: Readiness to Negotiate
The second stage happens quickly! Once a statement of intent is accepted, BC Treaty Commission organizes
a meeting between the First Nation, Canada, and BC. The purpose of this meeting is to bring the parties
together for the first time and begin discussions about expectations and issues to be negotiated. Afterwards,
each party is required to demonstrate that they have everything that they need (a Chief Negotiator, sufficient
resources, and an organized process) to complete the treaty process. When all parties have met these
requirements, then the BC Treaty Commission declares that the table is ready to negotiate.
Our Main Table- including the NStQ Treaty Team, BC, and Canada- was declared ready to negotiate in April of
Stage Three: Negotiation of a Framework Agreement
In stage three of the treaty process, the three parties negotiate a Framework Agreement. The Framework
Agreement is often described as the “table of contents” of a comprehensive treaty. It is meant to outline most
At WLFN, we know that the treaty process can seem complicated and overwhelming to many community
members- but it does not have to be! We want to do everything in our power to ensure that each member feels
able to share their thoughts and opinions about our final agreement, and this starts with understanding each
stage of the treaty process. In total, there are six stages that make up the treaty process. The diagram below
describes what is involved in each stage, and outlines WLFN’s journey through negotiations so far.
Stage One: Statement of Intent to Negotiate
To get the treaty process started, a First Nation files a statement of intent with the BC Treaty Commission. The
of the logistics and procedures that need to be in place to ensure that the next three stages of negotiations
are completed as seamlessly as possible. Some examples of details that are addressed include how often and
where the parties will meet for negotiations, and what processes are in place to resolve any disputes that may
come up. This is also the point where each party expands their consultation in local communities, to ensure
that the public can share their knowledge and perspectives regarding treaty negotiations.
Leadership representatives from each of the NStQ communities, BC, and Canada signed our Framework
Agreement in December of 1997. WLFN also held a referendum, in which members voted in favour of moving
from stage three to stage four of treaty negotiations.
statement of intent is simply a document that indicates that a First Nation wants to negotiate a treaty with
Canada and BC. There are a few pieces of information that must be determined in the statement of intent,
• Who will act as the First Nation’s governing body for the purpose of treaty negotiations;
• Who is represented by the governing body;
• A mandate from those people, stating that they wish to enter the treaty process;
• The geographic area of the First Nation’s traditional territory; and,
• Any overlaps in traditional territory with other First Nations.
WLFN’s statement of intent was submitted in December of 1993 by the Northern Secwepemc te Qelmucw (NStQ).
Throughout the treaty process, NStQ represents four communities: Tsq’escen’ (Canim Lake), Stswecem’c/Xgat’tem
(Canoe Creek /Dog Creek), Xats’ull/Cmetem’ (Soda Creek), and T’exelc (Williams Lake).
Stage Four: Negotiation of an Agreement in Principle
This is the point where the Treaty Team really gets down to work, as substantive negotiations begin! This
means that the three parties will examine each of the topics outlined in the framework agreement, to reach
detailed agreements on what rights and obligations will be included in the treaty. It is important to note that
all negotiations at this stage are non-binding and without prejudice, meaning that any information outlined in
the Agreement in Principle can be changed or re-negotiated in stage five of the treaty process.
All four NStQ communities voted in favour of proceeding to stage five of negotiations in 2016, and leadership
representatives from each party officially signed the Agreement in Principle in July of 2018.
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Stage Five: Negotiation to Finalize a Treaty
During stage five of the treaty process, the three parties collaborate to negotiate the details of the Final
Agreement. The main goal of this stage is to resolve any technical and legal issues that may be remaining, which
can be quite a time-consuming process as the legal and political sphere continues to change throughout the
negotiation process. We also must navigate there negotiations more carefully, as they were with prejudice,
and any ideas put forth can be binding in the Final Agreement. Once the Final Agreement is completed, it
must be approved by community members through a referendum. Once ratified, it can then be signed and
formally accepted by leadership representatives from the First Nation, BC, and Canada.
NStQ entered stage five in 2018 and are expecting to complete our Final Agreement negotiations in the next five
years. The treaty team is feeling extremely optimistic about the direction that our negotiations are taking, as
we work hard to ensure that our Final Agreement reflects and protects our inherent rights that have never been
We also want to ensure that the Final Agreement addresses the main concerns held by NStQ members, and so
community engagement is our priority throughout this stage of negotiations. Of course, NStQ members will
have the deciding vote when a referendum is held at the end of the process.
Stage Six: Implementation of the Treaty
Finally, we have reached stage six of the treaty process! This stage is dedicated to implementing the Final
Agreement using a long-term plan that is specific to each treaty. Many aspects negotiated through treaty will
not come into place immediately upon ratification. Instead, they are phased in at an agreed pace to ensure
that no services to community members are interrupted. Overtime, all parts of the Final Agreement will be
realized, and the parties will move forward with the new government-to-government relationship in place.
While NStQ has not yet reached stage six of the treaty process, we have been planning ahead to ensure that we
are as prepared to implement our Final Agreement promptly after ratification.
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Council Meeting Highlights
Council supported virtual presentations by
Chief Sellars, CAO Aaron Mannella, and Kirk
Dressler at the recent City of Merritt Public
Consultation meeting to open a new UNITY
Council supported a staff initiative to open the
gymnasium as a cooling location for people who
do not have air conditioning.
Council hosted the City of Williams Lake Mayor and Council to
discuss relationship and commitments towards reconciliation in
Council heard a staff update on the expected
transition date to the new Administration building
(end of August, beginning of September)
Council received a staff report about the ongoing landslide at Upper Coyote Rock, and
also supported a letter to Minister Katrine Conroy requesting additional civil work.
Council supported the announcement and organization of the upcoming WLFN
Competitive Pow-Wow on September 10-12, 2021 “Speaking our Truth”
Council supported the installation of additional security camera to monitor
the historic Sugar Cane church.
Council agreed to host Emily Kassie, Investigative Journalist
to film and produce a documentary on the upcoming
investigation of the St Joseph’s Mission Residential School.
Chief Sellars and Councillor Rick Gilbert attended Kamloops to meet
with ISC Minister (Canada) Marc Miller to discuss WLFN’s priorities
around the Residential School Investigation.
Council announced the upcoming WLFN Returning our Spirit Walk
September 30, 2021
Council accepted a staff report for information about the ongoing arrears
discussions with WLFN members between Finance and Housing staff.
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Music at the Arbor
Stay up to date on all of our events by following our
Facebook page: Williams Lake First Nation
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