Boo Maga August 2021

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Boo Maga


August 2021


WLFN 4H Club prepares for their upcoming show and sale


A Guide on Calling the Police


Not sure the protocol

when calling the police?

Read on!

Welcome to

the Boo Maga

(puméke7), which

translates to

“drum stick”.



Weyt-kp xwexweytep,

healthy environment for them.

(Hello everyone,)

In Natural Resources I assisted

for three years now, I have really

enjoyed learning from my fellow

Daycare Rodeo Trip


The Daycare children

took a trip to meet some

rodeo critters!

My name is Shawna Philbrick, I

come from the hereditary family

of the Late Chief William. I’m

fortunate to have roots in both

with the development of the

First Nations Land Management,

helped with communications

and organised local and urban

meetings. My current position, the

council members and mentors, who

continue to encourage me to be

better and develop leadership skills,

such as; attending and participating

in community meetings and activities,

Meet Our Summer Students


Meet all of our summer

students and find out

what they’re up to!

the Secwepemc and Tl’etinqox

background and take great pride

in living within my community

where both my children and I can

continue to learn our language

Employment Coordinator allows

me to assist community members

with building and improving

their resumes and cover letters,

teaching interview skills and

speaking and welcoming guests at

events, volunteering my time and

including my kids, whilst continuing

to teach them to be humble and

grateful for our amazing community.

Understanding Treaty



Confused about the

Treaty Process? We’ve

simplified it for you.

Understanding Treaty Cont.

Council Meeting Highlights


Take a look at what your

Council have been up to

over the past month!

Got an idea or story for

future editions?

Contact us:

250-296-3507 ext.185

General Inquiries:

250-296-3507 ext.103


Williams Lake First


and culture, along with taking

part in all the wonderful, fun and

cultural activities that are offered

within our community. I have

resided and worked with Williams

Lake First Nation since February

of 2006 in various departments.

This has allowed me to gain

valuable skills and knowledge,

whilst working within my own

community. I have also been able

to gain numerous capabilities

throughout my career.

My work as a Youth Coordinator

involved engaging and working

with WLFN youth, developing

coordinating available jobs with

suitable applicants.

Having been a council member

I also want to acknowledge and thank

members who felt comfortable to

sit and connect with me whether it

was regarding concerns or providing

feedback on WLFN moving forward

and making constructive changes for

the future of our next generations to


Yeri7 skukwstsetsemc,

(Thank you very much)

Shawna P hil brick

Councillor Shawna Philbrick

programs and providing a safe and




A Guide on Calling

the Police



In many small communities,

the RCMP has observed several

issues arising when it comes to

the expectations from the public

call takers job is to gather as

much information as possible.

That way the attending Officer

can take appropriate action to


Lisa Camille

in regards to Police response to a

better serve your needs. In many

complaint, delayed reporting of an

incident and frustrations with the

reporting process. This guide is

an aid on how the process works

and what is expected when calling

the Police.

911 or the Police line?

Whenever someone’s life is

in danger such as a domestic

violence situation, impaired

drivers, weapon complaints,

suicidal persons and such, it

is imperative to dial 911 right

away as these are considered

immediate emergencies!

If you are reporting a theft that is

not in progress, loss of property,

suspicious activities, tenant

disputes, driving complaints after

the fact, it is suitable to call the

RCMP detachment to report.

What to Expect

When reporting, you will be

speaking to a “call taker”. The

cases, while your information is

being gathered, a “Dispatcher”

is relaying he information to an

Officer who is already on his way

to serve.

Do not be dismayed at the

questions being asked! The more

information a call taker can obtain,

the better they can determine

the priority in which Police will

respond. The more information

given, the better an Officer can

conduct a risk assessment and

respond appropriately.

Why It’s So Important!

When gathering information,

Police must rely on first hand

evidence and not third hand

information given three days after

the fact!

Reporting incidents immediately

diminish the chance that evidence

will be loss or destroyed. It

also increases the odds that

appropriate actions can be

followed up with Court action.

Many times people feel like

the Police “don’t do anything”

without realizing that third hand

information, loss of evidence

and uncooperative complainants

results in the Courts not going

forward with an investigation.

Reporting anonymously

An anonymous report is

perfectly acceptable in certain

circumstances where the

complainant wishes to remain

anonymous to known associates.

It must be accepted however that

reporting anonymously will resort

in a delayed investigation or it

may terminate it altogether.

Call Crime Stopper at 1-800-

222-8477 to report anonymously.

Q: What is your role at WLFN & what are your

job duties?

A: I am the Senior Manager of Member Services.

I have worked here for 19 years and love working

with WLFN. I have seen so much change since I

have been here as we are growing substantially.

I oversee the Administration office and provide

great insight and support to my team . I manage

our Membership List as we are Section 10

(control our own membership list), conduct

annual membership votes, manage our ISO

(International Standards Organization) system

and conduct annual ISO audits. I am also the

Electoral Officer for Chief and Council elections

and referendums.

Q: What is the most challenging aspect of your


A: The most challenging aspect of my job

would be balancing the different tasks and

responsibilities of my many different roles

(point of contact or vendors, membership clerk,

oversee all Sugar Cane office buildings, etc.).

Q: Do you have any stories from your time

working here?

A: I started working for the Community in 2002

as a temp receptionist and I think we maybe had

about 20 employees now we are going on to

approximately 95 employees, including summer

students. The changes in WLFN are impacting

the community in a positive way and I am proud

to be a part of it.

Q: What’s the one thing you can’t live without?

A: Duel Computer Screens!

Q: If you could be any fictional character, who

would it be?

A: I would be Belle from Beauty and the Beast:

She’s kind and caring and will go the extra mile to

help. She loves to learn and likes adventure and

is not afraid to try new things even if it is out of

her comfort zone.

Q: Do you have a message for the community

and/or youth?

A: WLFN strives on giving individuals the

opportunity to learn and grow. I started out as a

receptionist, and I am now the Senior Manger of

Member Services. I am proud to be working with

WLFN! My door is always open so don’t hesitate

to stop by and see me!



and learnt about their job. Some

of the accompanying adults were

even brave enough to have a sit

on them!

Next on the agenda was learning

how to interact with the horses

on the ground, before having a

ride on their backs.

The childrent also were able to

meet some younger calves, and

learn about their care.

They were also allowed to take a

tour inside one of the huge stock

trailers that are used to transport

multiple animals at a time.

Last on the agenda was

roping. Roy and Earl explained

why learning to rope was so

important on a ranch and talked

the group through the process,

before letting everyone have a try

themselves. All the children had a

blast - even CAO Aaron Mannella

couldn’t resisit taking a turn!

WLFN will be returning to C+ Rodeos

on August 30th, this time with a youth

group, for a full day’s experience. Make

sure to sign up with the recreation

department if you are interested in


Daycare trip to

C+ Rodeo

The children from Little Chief’s

Daycare took a trip out to visit

some rodeo critters on July 21st.

The day was hosted by Earl and

Roy Call, the owners of C+ Rodeos.

C+ Rodeos are the largest and

leading Stock Contractors for

Rodeos and Bull Riding events in

British Columbia. They provide

award winning livestock to many

of the largest rodeos in BC.

The children started the day

by meeting some of the largest

animals on the ranch – the bulls –



Meet our

Summer Students

Ariel Billyboy

Human Resources Assistant

I’m Ariel, I’m 16 and in my spare time I love to read! This is my first summer job and so

far it’s been super fun. I’m most excited to learn more about the process of hiring and

training new people. After summer I would like to see if I can put the skills I have learnt

whilst working at WLFN to good use in other roles.

C ole Skerry

Operations and Maintenance Worker

My name is Cole and I am 15. I enjoy sports and the outdoors. Whilst working with O&M

this summer, I’ll be doing a variety of jobs such as helping with the recycling, carpentry and

lots of different types of manual labour. After summer I will be going back to school and

will start playing hockey again. I am thankful for the opportunity to work at WLFN and be

able to improve my skills and knowledge in many different areas.

Keane P hil brick

Heritage Project Assistant

My name is Keane, I turned 13 in June. I’m a registered WLFN Member and I was born and

raised in Williams Lake/Sugar Cane. This summer I will be working alongside Anna Gilbert to

beautify and keep the community healthy and safe. Some of my jobs include mowing lawns,

trimming trees, cutting shrubs, painting, cleaning up garbage and watering community

flowers. I was a bit nervous applying for my first ever summer job, but WLFN and Anna

helped me feel comfortable and gain confidence along the way.

Keona Gil bert

Law Enforcement Assistant

My name is Keona, I am 15 years old. I love listening to music, playing guitar, drawing,

spending time with family and being out enjoying nature. I will be job shadowing Andy

Johnson, the Senior Law Enforcement Officer this summer. I am looking forward to this

experience, and I am excited to learn more about my community and the land. After

summer, I will be going into Grade 10/11. I am thankful to have this opportunity to start

my work experience with WLFN.

Drent Louie

Operations and Maintenance Worker

I’m Drent and I’m 15 years old. Outside of work I enjoy hockey, basketball, gaming and

hanging out with my friends. I am helping O&M with carpentry, recycling and weed

whacking. I will be going back to school in September, but in the future I would like to

continue to work on my carpentry skills.

Mikia Harry

Housing Assistant

Weyt-k! My name is Mikia, I’m 27 years old, I love to spend time at home with my family,

take pictures and go on hikes. This summer I have been organizing files, answering

calls, attending meetings, and visiting community members. I’m excited to work with the

members and staff of WLFN. I’m expecting a baby November 2021, so after summer I will

be preparing for a newborn! I am really excited to be out in the community to see where

my great-grandma Julia Alphonse comes from.



Understanding the

treaty process

Stage Two: Readiness to Negotiate

The second stage happens quickly! Once a statement of intent is accepted, BC Treaty Commission organizes

a meeting between the First Nation, Canada, and BC. The purpose of this meeting is to bring the parties

together for the first time and begin discussions about expectations and issues to be negotiated. Afterwards,

each party is required to demonstrate that they have everything that they need (a Chief Negotiator, sufficient

resources, and an organized process) to complete the treaty process. When all parties have met these

requirements, then the BC Treaty Commission declares that the table is ready to negotiate.

Our Main Table- including the NStQ Treaty Team, BC, and Canada- was declared ready to negotiate in April of


Stage Three: Negotiation of a Framework Agreement

In stage three of the treaty process, the three parties negotiate a Framework Agreement. The Framework

Agreement is often described as the “table of contents” of a comprehensive treaty. It is meant to outline most

At WLFN, we know that the treaty process can seem complicated and overwhelming to many community

members- but it does not have to be! We want to do everything in our power to ensure that each member feels

able to share their thoughts and opinions about our final agreement, and this starts with understanding each

stage of the treaty process. In total, there are six stages that make up the treaty process. The diagram below

describes what is involved in each stage, and outlines WLFN’s journey through negotiations so far.

Stage One: Statement of Intent to Negotiate

To get the treaty process started, a First Nation files a statement of intent with the BC Treaty Commission. The

of the logistics and procedures that need to be in place to ensure that the next three stages of negotiations

are completed as seamlessly as possible. Some examples of details that are addressed include how often and

where the parties will meet for negotiations, and what processes are in place to resolve any disputes that may

come up. This is also the point where each party expands their consultation in local communities, to ensure

that the public can share their knowledge and perspectives regarding treaty negotiations.

Leadership representatives from each of the NStQ communities, BC, and Canada signed our Framework

Agreement in December of 1997. WLFN also held a referendum, in which members voted in favour of moving

from stage three to stage four of treaty negotiations.

statement of intent is simply a document that indicates that a First Nation wants to negotiate a treaty with

Canada and BC. There are a few pieces of information that must be determined in the statement of intent,


• Who will act as the First Nation’s governing body for the purpose of treaty negotiations;

• Who is represented by the governing body;

• A mandate from those people, stating that they wish to enter the treaty process;

• The geographic area of the First Nation’s traditional territory; and,

• Any overlaps in traditional territory with other First Nations.

WLFN’s statement of intent was submitted in December of 1993 by the Northern Secwepemc te Qelmucw (NStQ).

Throughout the treaty process, NStQ represents four communities: Tsq’escen’ (Canim Lake), Stswecem’c/Xgat’tem

(Canoe Creek /Dog Creek), Xats’ull/Cmetem’ (Soda Creek), and T’exelc (Williams Lake).

Stage Four: Negotiation of an Agreement in Principle

This is the point where the Treaty Team really gets down to work, as substantive negotiations begin! This

means that the three parties will examine each of the topics outlined in the framework agreement, to reach

detailed agreements on what rights and obligations will be included in the treaty. It is important to note that

all negotiations at this stage are non-binding and without prejudice, meaning that any information outlined in

the Agreement in Principle can be changed or re-negotiated in stage five of the treaty process.

All four NStQ communities voted in favour of proceeding to stage five of negotiations in 2016, and leadership

representatives from each party officially signed the Agreement in Principle in July of 2018.


Stage Five: Negotiation to Finalize a Treaty

During stage five of the treaty process, the three parties collaborate to negotiate the details of the Final

Agreement. The main goal of this stage is to resolve any technical and legal issues that may be remaining, which

can be quite a time-consuming process as the legal and political sphere continues to change throughout the

negotiation process. We also must navigate there negotiations more carefully, as they were with prejudice,

and any ideas put forth can be binding in the Final Agreement. Once the Final Agreement is completed, it

must be approved by community members through a referendum. Once ratified, it can then be signed and

formally accepted by leadership representatives from the First Nation, BC, and Canada.

NStQ entered stage five in 2018 and are expecting to complete our Final Agreement negotiations in the next five

years. The treaty team is feeling extremely optimistic about the direction that our negotiations are taking, as

we work hard to ensure that our Final Agreement reflects and protects our inherent rights that have never been


We also want to ensure that the Final Agreement addresses the main concerns held by NStQ members, and so

community engagement is our priority throughout this stage of negotiations. Of course, NStQ members will

have the deciding vote when a referendum is held at the end of the process.

Staff Birthdays

and Anniversaries

Stage Six: Implementation of the Treaty

Finally, we have reached stage six of the treaty process! This stage is dedicated to implementing the Final

Lisa Michel

5th Anniversary

Natasha Poyser

3rd Anniversary

JoAnne Moise

2nd Anniversary

Lilian Alphonse

1st Anniversary

Agreement using a long-term plan that is specific to each treaty. Many aspects negotiated through treaty will

not come into place immediately upon ratification. Instead, they are phased in at an agreed pace to ensure

that no services to community members are interrupted. Overtime, all parts of the Final Agreement will be

realized, and the parties will move forward with the new government-to-government relationship in place.

While NStQ has not yet reached stage six of the treaty process, we have been planning ahead to ensure that we

are as prepared to implement our Final Agreement promptly after ratification.

Roxanne Stobie

9th Anniversary

Gwi7ne Alphonse

Happy Birthday!

David Archie

Happy Birthday

Norma Sure

Happy Birthday

Jordan Sellars

Happy Birthday!

Janet Smith

Happy Birthday

Aaron Mannella

Happy Birthday!

Cambria McGregor

Happy Birthday


Council Meeting Highlights

Council supported virtual presentations by

Chief Sellars, CAO Aaron Mannella, and Kirk

Dressler at the recent City of Merritt Public

Consultation meeting to open a new UNITY

Cannabis location.


Council supported a staff initiative to open the

gymnasium as a cooling location for people who

do not have air conditioning.

Council hosted the City of Williams Lake Mayor and Council to

discuss relationship and commitments towards reconciliation in

the region.

Council heard a staff update on the expected

transition date to the new Administration building

(end of August, beginning of September)

Council received a staff report about the ongoing landslide at Upper Coyote Rock, and

also supported a letter to Minister Katrine Conroy requesting additional civil work.

Council supported the announcement and organization of the upcoming WLFN

Competitive Pow-Wow on September 10-12, 2021 “Speaking our Truth”

Council supported the installation of additional security camera to monitor

the historic Sugar Cane church.

Council agreed to host Emily Kassie, Investigative Journalist

to film and produce a documentary on the upcoming

investigation of the St Joseph’s Mission Residential School.

Chief Sellars and Councillor Rick Gilbert attended Kamloops to meet

with ISC Minister (Canada) Marc Miller to discuss WLFN’s priorities

around the Residential School Investigation.

Council announced the upcoming WLFN Returning our Spirit Walk

September 30, 2021

Council accepted a staff report for information about the ongoing arrears

discussions with WLFN members between Finance and Housing staff.

14 BOO MAGA - JULY 2021




Health and

Wellness Day

Council Meeting

Music at the Arbor


C+ Rodeos

Youth Trip

Stay up to date on all of our events by following our

Facebook page: Williams Lake First Nation


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