Encinitas: Our History and People

Encinitas: Our History and People By the Encinitas Historical Society Authors Carolyn Roy Cope, Jim Filanc and Garth Murphy Cover painting by artist Kevin Anderson Published by HPN Books and Ledge Media ©2021 Visit www.ledgemedia.net/encinitas to order printed copies And visit www.HPNBooks.com for info on how to publish your own book as a fundraiser for your community

Encinitas: Our History and People
By the Encinitas Historical Society
Authors Carolyn Roy Cope, Jim Filanc and Garth Murphy
Cover painting by artist Kevin Anderson
Published by HPN Books and Ledge Media ©2021

Visit www.ledgemedia.net/encinitas to order printed copies

And visit www.HPNBooks.com for info on how to publish your own book as a fundraiser for your community


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<strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

<strong>Our</strong> <strong>History</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>People</strong><br />

By<br />

Carolyn Roy Cope, Jim Filanc <strong>and</strong> Garth Murphy<br />

A publication sponsored by the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society.<br />

Published by HPN Books/Ledge Media, divisions of FRE-Enterprises, Jackson, Wyoming


Through their generous support, the following companies helped make this project possible.<br />

The Ecke Family<br />

7220 Avenida Encinas, Ste 204<br />

Carlsbad, CA 92011<br />

Charlie’s Foreign Car<br />

751 2nd Street<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>, CA 92024<br />

(760) 753-4969<br />

www.charliesforeigncar.com<br />

Esplin & Associates<br />

206 4TH ST,<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>, CA 92024<br />

(760) 249-2133<br />

www.esplin.legal<br />

Ledge Media<br />

690 S Highway 89, Suite 201 Box 12679<br />

Jackson, WY 83002<br />

(800) 939-5311<br />

www.ledgemedia.net<br />

First Edition<br />

Copyright © 2021 HPNbooks/Ledge Media<br />

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without permission in writing from<br />

the publisher. All inquiries should be addressed to HPNbooks, 690 S Highway 89, Suite 201 Box 12679 Jackson, WY 83002. Phone (800) 939-5311, www.hpnbooks.com.<br />

Printed in the USA.<br />

ISBN: 978-1-944891-72-5<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>: <strong>Our</strong> <strong>History</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>People</strong><br />

authors: Carolyn Roy Cope, Jim Filanc <strong>and</strong> Garth Murphy<br />

cover artist: Kevin Anderson<br />

project manager <strong>and</strong> managing editor: Daphne Fletcher<br />

contributing writers for “Sharing the Heritage”: Kevin Kern, Kyle Thomas <strong>and</strong> Sid Shapira<br />

contributing photographers: Daphne Fletcher, Kyle Thomas <strong>and</strong> Neal Glasgow<br />

HPNbooks/Ledge Media<br />

publisher & CEO: Daphne Fletcher<br />

director of IT: Rafael Ramirez<br />

administration: Donna Mata, Kristin T. Williamson<br />

production: Colin Hart, Christopher D. Sturdevant<br />

2 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e


G<br />

“Socially distanced” 2020 gathering of<br />

the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society Board<br />

of Directors.<br />


Carolyn Cope<br />

Lois Aufmann<br />

Dayna Donatelli<br />

Jim Filanc<br />

Marilyn Fowler<br />

Liz Kovack<br />

Joy Lyndes<br />

Gigi Lopatriello<br />

Connie McIntire<br />

Suzanne Spector<br />

Adrien Spector<br />

Mike <strong>and</strong> Terri Wallace<br />

Pam Hammond Walker<br />



“Profiles in Flowers,” by Robert Melvin<br />

“<strong>Encinitas</strong> <strong>History</strong> & Heritage,” by Mac Hartley<br />

“San Dieguito Heritage,” by Maura Wieg<strong>and</strong>, Ph.D<br />

“<strong>Encinitas</strong> Magazine,” publisher Jim Baumann<br />

“Santa Fe Coast Lines Depot,” by Serpico <strong>and</strong> Gustafson<br />

“Goat Roping <strong>and</strong> a Town Called Merle,” Kathie Jenuine<br />

“Images of America: <strong>Encinitas</strong>,” by Kenneth Holtzclaw <strong>and</strong> Diane Welch<br />

“Images of America: Cardiff-by-the-Sea,” by Wehtahnah Tucker <strong>and</strong> Gus Bujkovsky<br />

“Brief <strong>History</strong> of <strong>Encinitas</strong>,” by Annie Hammond Cozens<br />

“Colony Olivenhain,” by Richard Bumann<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society Archives<br />

D e d i c a t i o n F 3


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ............................................................................................5<br />

INTRODUCTION .....................................................................................................6<br />

Catherine Smith Blakespear, Mayor, City of <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

CHAPTER 1 — IN THE BEGINNING: THE EARLY YEARS .............................................................9<br />

CHAPTER 2 — ENCINITAS IS BORN: 1850 - 1899 .................................................................15<br />

CHAPTER 3 — ENCINITAS GROWS UP: 1900 - 1919.............................................................27<br />

CHAPTER 4 — THE FLOWER CAPITAL OF THE WORLD: 1920 - 1929.......................................39<br />

CHAPTER 5 — THE GREAT DEPRESSION AND WAR YEARS: 1930 - 1949 ..................................49<br />

CHAPTER 6 — SURF’S UP: 1950 - 1979 .............................................................................59<br />

CHAPTER 7 — INCORPORATED! ENCINITAS GROWS UP: 1980 - 1999 ......................................73<br />

CHAPTER 8 — THE NEW MILLENNIUM: 2000 - PRESENT.......................................................85<br />

CHAPTER 9 — ENCINITAS AND THE CORONAVIRUS ..............................................................101<br />

SHARING THE HERITAGE .....................................................................................108<br />

QUALITY OF LIFE ....................................................................................110<br />

THE MARKETPLACE..................................................................................136<br />

FAMILY HERITAGE....................................................................................164<br />

BUILDING A GREATER ENCINITAS ...............................................................186<br />

LOCAL LEGENDS......................................................................................194<br />

INDEX ..........................................................................................................................208<br />

ABOUT THE AUTHORS .........................................................................................209<br />

ABOUT THE COVER .............................................................................................210<br />

ABOUT THE CONTRIBUTING PHOTOGRAPHERS .........................................................211<br />

4 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e


Garth Murphy<br />

Lloyd O’Connell<br />

Mrs. Jan Grice<br />

Pamela Hammond Walker<br />

Irene Kratzer<br />

Teresa Arballo Barth<br />

Susan Hays<br />

Richard <strong>and</strong> “Twink” Bumann<br />

Charles Marvin III<br />

Dave Oakley<br />

Rachel Brupbacher:<br />

(Great-Gr<strong>and</strong> Niece to Miles Justus Kellogg)<br />

Lorraine Anne Eden:<br />

(Gr<strong>and</strong>-Daughter of J. Frank Cullen)<br />

Fred Caldwell<br />

Jim Filanc<br />

Sonja Holtman<br />

Lois <strong>and</strong> Richard Aufmann<br />

This timeline <strong>and</strong> publication is as historically accurate as possible using the sources mentioned on the previous page, along with<br />

personal interviews, <strong>and</strong> on-line documents to verify <strong>and</strong> validate facts, locations <strong>and</strong> events. The publisher <strong>and</strong> the <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Historical Society are not liable for any errors or omissions.<br />

G<br />


A c k n o w l e d g e m e n t s F 5


B Y C A T H E R I N E S M I T H B L A K E S P E A R<br />

M A Y O R , C I T Y O F E N C I N I T A S<br />

When my family first moved to the area that would become <strong>Encinitas</strong> nearly 100 years ago in the 1920s, they undoubtedly were drawn<br />

to the same magical qualities that capture our individual <strong>and</strong> collective imaginations today. Those intangibles define the place that is<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>—the soft, slight coolness on the breeze, even on the hottest day; the variety in our eclectic built environment created incrementally<br />

over many decades; the glow reflected from the seaside bluffs at sunset onto our s<strong>and</strong>y beaches; the lagoons that meet the oceans bookending<br />

the undulating s<strong>and</strong>stone ecology; the touch <strong>and</strong> smell of our plants, reflecting both the desert <strong>and</strong> the tropics; <strong>and</strong> most importantly the<br />

historic, founding roots of the community created by our original families. These provide the mooring for our present-day city <strong>and</strong> its culture.<br />

My great-gr<strong>and</strong>ma’s family moved to <strong>Encinitas</strong>, an area that was then known as San Dieguito, from the greater Los Angeles area in<br />

order to plant, harvest, <strong>and</strong> sell flowers. Born in 1917, my gr<strong>and</strong>ma Dorothea Patricia Smith described many times how flower<br />

growing was the ideal business to weather the Great Depression. Even in down times, “people will still get married <strong>and</strong> die,” she’d<br />

say, ensuring a steady source of flower-buying customers.<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> has several well-known historic flower-growing families, most prominent the Paul Ecke family, who hybridized <strong>and</strong> mass<br />

marketed the Poinsettia flower during the 1950s. Thanks to the impact of newly colorized televisions <strong>and</strong> immensely popular shows,<br />

including the Bob Hope Christmas specials, the bright red <strong>Encinitas</strong>-grown poinsettia became the flower indelibly linked to the<br />

holidays throughout the United States <strong>and</strong> the world.<br />

G<br />

The 2021 <strong>Encinitas</strong> City Council raising the flag, from left to right: Joy Lyndes, Tony Kranz, Mayor Catherine S. Blakespear, Joe Mosca, <strong>and</strong> Kellie Hinze<br />

6 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

In addition to the pioneering Ecke family, there were dozens of smaller flower-growing players, like my gr<strong>and</strong>ma’s family. She <strong>and</strong><br />

her family would get up in the stillness of the pre-dawn hours to drive their flowers—mainly gladiolas, which she called “glads”—to<br />

the Los Angeles Flower Market. Long after many types of flowers had moved indoors to be nurtured safely within greenhouses,<br />

gladiolas remained a local outdoor row crop.<br />

Over the last 70 years—from the post-war 1950s boom to the go-go 1980s <strong>and</strong> through to the slower-growth movements of<br />

today—<strong>Encinitas</strong> has experienced nothing short of a complete transformation. Instead of growing plants, the l<strong>and</strong> now sprouts homes<br />

<strong>and</strong> businesses. But the essence of our beloved hometown remains resolutely intact.<br />

As <strong>Encinitas</strong> transformed, my family mirrored its path over four generations. While my great-gr<strong>and</strong>parents were flower farmers,<br />

my gr<strong>and</strong>parents moved into construction. Their family business, “Smith Construction Company” was the largest employer in Cardiff<br />

in the 1950s, building schools, bowling alleys, <strong>and</strong> roads. My parents pursued professional degrees to become attorneys; <strong>and</strong> I work<br />

as the mayor of the City of <strong>Encinitas</strong> <strong>and</strong> also as a practicing attorney. The question for all of us is the same—what will my children,<br />

<strong>and</strong> our city’s children, do <strong>and</strong> become? What will <strong>Encinitas</strong> do <strong>and</strong> become?<br />

I believe that the key to the healthy, long-term evolution of the City of <strong>Encinitas</strong> is our community’s reckoning with its inevitable growth.<br />

Together, we are committed to preserving the magical essence that defines <strong>Encinitas</strong>. <strong>Our</strong> challenge is to shape the future to ensure our vitality<br />

<strong>and</strong> continued high st<strong>and</strong>ard of living. At nearly every stage, the sentimental reflection on an idyllic past can thwart the best-intentioned<br />

efforts toward beneficial change. The art of positive progress lies in the delicate balancing of both preservation <strong>and</strong> enhancement.<br />

With our future in mind, the city in 2019 has dedicated itself to providing more homes for residents at all income levels, with a particular<br />

focus on housing for middle <strong>and</strong> low-income workers. A vibrant city accounts for all its residents; it does not shut the door on people.<br />

We are also conscientiously working to maximize the potential of our historic rail corridor for transportation, the economy,<br />

recreation <strong>and</strong> pleasure. The railroad laid down its first tracks in the 1880s, literally putting <strong>Encinitas</strong> on the map between the<br />

Mexican border <strong>and</strong> Los Angeles. Now, almost 150 years later, living with a railroad that bifurcates our coastal community increasingly<br />

challenges <strong>Encinitas</strong> to get creative when it comes to sharing physical <strong>and</strong> auditory space, <strong>and</strong> facilitating the flow of residents across<br />

<strong>and</strong> through this busy corridor, whether on bike, foot, train or in a car.<br />

In order to improve our city’s environment, <strong>and</strong> the health of our largest eco-system, the planet, <strong>Encinitas</strong> has committed to an<br />

ambitious program of greatly reducing the amount of emissions we produce. <strong>Our</strong> lauded “gold-st<strong>and</strong>ard” climate action plan relies on<br />

more bike lanes <strong>and</strong> walking paths, more trees, less driving, more recycled water <strong>and</strong> cleaner power sources.<br />

When the people of <strong>Encinitas</strong> came together in 1986 <strong>and</strong> decided at the ballot box to become an incorporated city instead of an<br />

insignificant part of San Diego County, we laid claim to our right to self-determination. Now in our five distinct communities—Old <strong>Encinitas</strong>,<br />

Leucadia, Cardiff-by-the-Sea, New <strong>Encinitas</strong>, <strong>and</strong> Olivenhain—we continue to define for ourselves our shared future <strong>and</strong> how our city looks<br />

<strong>and</strong> feels.<br />

This photo journal reminds us of the historic <strong>and</strong> diverse cloth that created the present; it’s a colorful tapestry that we’re all a part<br />

of today. Looking back is a soul-nourishing pleasure, <strong>and</strong> importantly it provides the insight we need when we face forward. As we<br />

walk the path to the future together, I have no doubt that <strong>Encinitas</strong> will continue its dynamic evolution, inspired by the footsteps<br />

of those who came before us.<br />

G<br />

Catherine Blakespear’s family: uncle,<br />

Raymond Elstad; aunt, Rosemary<br />

Kimbal; gr<strong>and</strong>mother, Dorothea P.<br />

Smith (seated in the chair); mother,<br />

Tricia A. Smith; step-father Richard<br />

Cottrell; Catherine Blakespear;<br />

son, Oliver; daughter, Ava; <strong>and</strong><br />

husb<strong>and</strong>, Jeremy.<br />


C h a p t e r 1 F 7

G<br />

An artistic “then <strong>and</strong> now” look at <strong>Encinitas</strong>, the murals can be found at on the 7-11 building at D Street <strong>and</strong> 101 by Artist Micaiah Hardison.<br />


8 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e I n t r o d u c t i o n F 8

CHAPTER 1<br />

I N T H E B E G I N N I N G : T H E E A R L Y Y E A R S<br />

B Y G A R T H M U R P H Y , N A T I V E A M E R I C A N H I S T O R I A N<br />

The people we call Native Americans arrived in Southern California at least 13,000 years ago.<br />

They came on foot from the north, crossing from Siberia on a snow-covered l<strong>and</strong> bridge during the<br />

last ice age, when the sea levels were 30 to 100 feet lower than today. “The <strong>People</strong>”, as Native<br />

Americans called themselves, rapidly spread east <strong>and</strong> south, from Nova Scotia to Tierra Del Fuego at<br />

the tip of South America—still walking—horses would come later with the Spanish. San Diego<br />

County became a permanent home for these nomadic people. This area offered a temperate climate;<br />

seven major rivers flowed from the Sierra to the sea with a natural wealth of available animal <strong>and</strong><br />

plant food on the l<strong>and</strong> from the rivers. Estuaries <strong>and</strong> the ocean provided enough to support a healthy<br />

population of tribal b<strong>and</strong>s speaking five distinct dialects <strong>and</strong> numbering in the tens of thous<strong>and</strong>s.<br />

In the north county there were 111 native townships when the Spanish arrived in 1769, according to<br />

Spanish Mission records from San Luis Rey. This territory included <strong>Encinitas</strong>. A native village called Hakutl<br />

centered on Moonlight Beach at the mouth of Cottonwood Creek. There were other large villages nearby.<br />

The Jeyal people settled at the back of San Elijo Lagoon <strong>and</strong> the Ajopunguile at the east end of Batiquitos<br />

Lagoon. Fresh water flowed into the brackish estuaries that define <strong>Encinitas</strong>’ current boundaries.<br />

The Hakutl people found the area special because they had a permanent spring-fed creek that<br />

provided sweet fresh water directly into the sea—no lagoon. The Hakutl people could thrive at the<br />

G<br />

By the late 1700s, the Native<br />

American population of the <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

region numbered tens of thous<strong>and</strong>s.<br />

The native town of Hakutl near<br />

Moonlight Beach at the mouth of<br />

Cottonwood Creek, between the<br />

Kumayaay <strong>and</strong> Luiseno tribes. The<br />

Hakuti were close enough to<br />

Batiquitos <strong>and</strong> San Elijo Lagoons to<br />

harvest their estuaries’ bounty of fish,<br />

shellfish <strong>and</strong> fowl.<br />


C h a p t e r 1 F 9

G<br />

Artist’s renderings of Native<br />

Americans who inhabited the<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> area.<br />


ocean’s edge. Hakutl people were still close<br />

enough to Batiquitos <strong>and</strong> San Elijo lagoons to<br />

harvest the estuaries’ bounty of fish, shellfish <strong>and</strong><br />

fowl without having to deal with the torrential<br />

winter floodwaters that came from these larger<br />

rivers. Hakutl also had west facing <strong>and</strong> frost free<br />

highl<strong>and</strong>s where Cottonwood Creek traverses its<br />

way to the beach. A temperate year-round microclimate<br />

extended from lagoon to lagoon. All of<br />

this made for a pleasant living environment in<br />

recyclable grass huts.<br />

The natives of Hakutl lived very close to the<br />

ill-defined border between the two great coastal<br />

tribes, the Kumayaay, or Diegano, what the<br />

Spanish called them. The Luiseño, the northern<br />

tribe, were associated with the San Luis Rey<br />

Mission whose territories extended east to the<br />

Sierra <strong>and</strong> north to Rancho Santa Margarita y<br />

Las Flores, now Camp Pendleton. The<br />

Kumayaay occupied a vast tract straddling the<br />

border from Ensenada to the San Dieguito River,<br />

just three miles south of <strong>Encinitas</strong>. The eastern<br />

tribes were the Yuman, Kuupiaxchem, <strong>and</strong> the<br />

Cahuilla whose territories covered the east side<br />

of Sierra to the Colorado River.<br />

By 1769 these tribes were no longer<br />

nomadic. The l<strong>and</strong> was rich <strong>and</strong> they did not<br />

have to go far for food. The tribes lived at peace<br />

most of the time as tribal skirmishes were<br />

sporadic <strong>and</strong> short lived. The <strong>People</strong> moved<br />

within their boundaries seasonally, mountains<br />

to the sea trading food, tools, shells, beads <strong>and</strong><br />

seeds. Native villages <strong>and</strong> tribal b<strong>and</strong>s were run<br />

as simple democracies with elected chiefs for<br />

both men <strong>and</strong> woman. A large tribe was divided<br />

into moieties. There were two groups, the<br />

1 0 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

coyotes <strong>and</strong> the wild cats, best described as<br />

fraternal orders. Marriage had to be with a<br />

member of the opposite group.<br />

Hakutl residents, as with other San Diego<br />

natives, cultivated <strong>and</strong> consumed the acorn.<br />

This nutty seed of the oak tree provided their<br />

diets with a calorie-rich staple. Acorns were<br />

soaked to remove the bitter tannins, dried <strong>and</strong><br />

ground on a stone to create a flour to make<br />

nutritious porridge or patties roasted on a fire<br />

heated rock. The acorn diet staple was<br />

augmented with creek-side greens, berries,<br />

roots <strong>and</strong> grass seeds, as well as game birds.<br />

They hunted animals large <strong>and</strong> small from rats,<br />

possums <strong>and</strong> rabbits to antelope, deer <strong>and</strong> elk.<br />

The valley east of the Hakutl village held the<br />

big game <strong>and</strong> the huge oaks produced bushels<br />

of acorns. The wild back country valleys were<br />

also grizzly bear <strong>and</strong> mountain lion habitats.<br />

The bears were respected by The <strong>People</strong> as<br />

equals <strong>and</strong> were not hunted. California’s state<br />

flag carries the extinct grizzly bear’s image in<br />

their honor, a surviving vestige of this native<br />

cultural ethos.<br />

Horticulture practiced by The <strong>People</strong> of<br />

Hakutl included controlled burning to preserve<br />

the oaks <strong>and</strong> to aid in grass seed collection for<br />

trading <strong>and</strong> planting. A symbolic h<strong>and</strong>ful of<br />

seeds were given to a bride when asked to marry.<br />

Woman did most of the planting, harvesting <strong>and</strong><br />

gathering. Hakutl women would gather supplies<br />

in a flexible bag each day with the natural<br />

resources that provided about 65% of their diet.<br />

Women did the food preparation as well as house<br />

building <strong>and</strong> maintenance <strong>and</strong> production of<br />

their clothing. In a society where all movement<br />

was on foot, mobility <strong>and</strong> safety depended on<br />

everyone being able to walk <strong>and</strong> carry something.<br />

B<strong>and</strong>s of The <strong>People</strong> would gather at the coast<br />

just south of Hakutl for the yearly Torrey Pines<br />

G<br />

Reproductions of early Native<br />

American dwellings can be found at<br />

the San Diego Botanic Gardens <strong>and</strong> at<br />

the San Dieguito Heritage Museum.<br />

C h a p t e r 1 F 1 1

G<br />

This “wikiup” is an example of a<br />

typical coastal Indian dwelling found<br />

around <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

Festival when the pine cones were ripe. There<br />

they could socialize, find mates, trade <strong>and</strong> feast<br />

on the fatty Torrey Pine nuts that grew nowhere<br />

else on California’s mainl<strong>and</strong>. Such events were<br />

also a chance to discuss the alarming invasion of<br />

white <strong>and</strong> black immigrants. They developed a<br />

code of smoke signals to identify the arrival of<br />

ships. The Hakutl had prime sea observation<br />

posts from the tall seaside bluffs.<br />

The Spanish <strong>and</strong> their missionaries ruled<br />

California <strong>and</strong> the Hakutl from 1769 to 1822.<br />

During those 53 years the missionaries <strong>and</strong> the<br />

missions were controlled by Spanish king’s<br />

agents. The goal of the Padres was to convert the<br />

natives to Christianity, educate them <strong>and</strong> make<br />

them servants of the king. Under Mission rule,<br />

the isolated native population in San Diego<br />

County had been severely depleted by invasive<br />

European diseases. Population fell from 20,000<br />

to 5,000 in 1822. During a 24 year period from<br />

1822 to 1846, known as the Mexican Rancho<br />

Period, the Californios ruled themselves. The<br />

Missions of San Diego <strong>and</strong> San Luis Rey created<br />

twenty-two l<strong>and</strong> grant ranches. Rancho<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> was one of those l<strong>and</strong> grants owned by<br />

the Ybarra Family. The <strong>People</strong> of Hakutl, now<br />

part of Rancho <strong>Encinitas</strong>, worked at the<br />

haciendas as ranch h<strong>and</strong>s or servants. This was<br />

a low point for a proud race. In 1846 the<br />

Americans conquered California with an army<br />

of 120 men <strong>and</strong> a few naval warships. In 1848<br />

the signing of the treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo<br />

gave all Mexicans in California US citizenship.<br />

Many educated natives claimed their rights too.<br />

That same year the discovery of gold began the<br />

rapacious California Gold Rush. The first census<br />

in 1850, after California became a state, there<br />

were reported only 30,000 natives left in the<br />

entire state...down from 400 thous<strong>and</strong>.<br />

Oak trees in Spanish are encinos. <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

means little live oaks after those important oak<br />

trees that flourished in abundance along<br />

Cottonwood Creek <strong>and</strong> the surrounding valleys.<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> became a platted township thirtythree<br />

years later in 1883. Permanent fresh water,<br />

along with plenty of oak firewood, the first<br />

steam engine train arrived in <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

The Hakutl people were gone for good.<br />

1 2 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

G<br />

Top:.Because of our coastal desert<br />

climate, the natives did not need to<br />

wear layers of clothing. Very little<br />

coverings were required for both men<br />

<strong>and</strong> women.<br />


Bottom: A gathering place for women<br />

preparing acorn, nuts <strong>and</strong> herbs using<br />

the metate (mealing stone).<br />



C h a p t e r 1 F 1 3

G<br />

Top <strong>and</strong> bottom: Early Native<br />

American mortar <strong>and</strong> pestle exhibit.<br />



1 4 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

CHAPTER 2<br />

E N C I N I T A S I S B O R N : 1 8 5 0 - 1 8 9 9<br />

By the time California became the 31st state of the Union in 1850, <strong>Encinitas</strong> as we now know it<br />

started to take shape. America continued to move west, bringing innovation <strong>and</strong> new settlers looking<br />

for a new place to call home. Early outposts in what were to become Leucadia, <strong>Encinitas</strong>, Olivenhain<br />

<strong>and</strong> Cardiff started to appear. By the time the 1880s rolled around, the region started to see<br />

accelerated growth, led by the new Santa Fe railroad. <strong>Encinitas</strong>’ first school house, our beloved 1883<br />

school house, was built. The early settlements of Olivenhain <strong>and</strong> Leucadia started to take root.<br />

Agriculture started to develop, boosting the local economy.<br />

G<br />

The 1800 Schoolhouse. The original<br />

one room schoolhouse sat neatly atop<br />

the highest part of the western bluff.<br />

Originally the building faced east to<br />

west with the doors facing east. Two<br />

doors, one for girls <strong>and</strong> one for boys.<br />

When the building was moved back to<br />

its current location it had to face<br />

south to north, although only 100 feet<br />

from its original location.<br />

C h a p t e r 2 F 1 5

1850 ä<br />

• California becomes the 31st state on September 9th.<br />

1869 ä<br />

• <strong>Encinitas</strong> stagecoach station is established along El Camino Real (King’s Highway).<br />

1870 ä<br />

• Leucadia Roadside Park is created. This is the oldest park in Leucadia. It was<br />

once known as “Spirit Woods”. It is reputed to have been the outdoor meeting<br />

place for the English Spiritualists, a very popular movement in the mid-1800s.<br />

1875 ä<br />

• Nathan Eaton, a New Yorker, is the first to settle on the south shore of<br />

Batiquitos Slough in Leucadia. He is a successful bee keeper <strong>and</strong> names his<br />

plot of l<strong>and</strong> Eatonsville but is often referred to by locals as Eaton’s Canyon.<br />

• Hector <strong>and</strong> Sara Cray MacKinnon (<strong>and</strong> three toddlers) homestead 600 acres<br />

two miles south of <strong>Encinitas</strong> near San Elijo Lagoon from the beach to what is<br />

now I-5 in Cardiff. They are instrumental in developing a school there. The<br />

first classes are held in their barn. Hector sells some of his l<strong>and</strong> to James<br />

Frank Cullen, a painter from Boston, who also becomes a developer.<br />

G<br />

Above: Peter Lux.<br />

Below: Early <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

1880s ä<br />

1881 ä<br />

• Lemuel Cornell Kincaid, a conductor for Santa Fe Railroad, is the second<br />

settler in the Leucadia area. He homesteads the property where the Paul Ecke<br />

ranch is eventually established along Saxony Road.<br />

• <strong>Encinitas</strong> is born! (named after the coastal scrub oak encinitos) California<br />

Southern Railroad directs Thomas Rattan to lay out the town of <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

• John Pitcher <strong>and</strong> Thomas Rattan are recognized as “<strong>Encinitas</strong> Founders”.<br />

1 6 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

1882 ä<br />

• A school district is established. The founders pass a $600 bond at 6% to build the<br />

schoolhouse for grades 1-8. Twelve votes were needed <strong>and</strong> passed unanimously.<br />

• Merle is another name used for Leucadia. E.B. Scott’s second son’s name is<br />

Merle. E.B. Scott also builds the Merle post office (that may have been at<br />

Vulcan <strong>and</strong> Hillcrest area). A little shack in a clearing was the first school.<br />

There were only fifteen students. Last known use of the name Merle is in<br />

1947. It opened on July 1, 1894, <strong>and</strong> closed in 1910.<br />

• The Railroad comes through <strong>Encinitas</strong> for the first time on August 14th. The<br />

population at that time was only eleven.<br />

G<br />

Top, left: The Green Valley route for<br />

El Camino Real.<br />

Top, right: A summer harvest.<br />

Below: Hammond Family Ranch.<br />

C h a p t e r 2 F 1 7

G<br />

Originally known as Noonan’s Point<br />

this impressive piece of l<strong>and</strong> became<br />

the property of the Self Realization<br />

Fellowship in 1936 when it was<br />

purchased as a gift for Paramahansa<br />

Yogan<strong>and</strong>a for his private hermitage.<br />

1883 ä<br />

• John Pitcher buys half of <strong>Encinitas</strong> <strong>and</strong> gifts 2.25 acres for a new schoolhouse.<br />

• Edward Graham Hammond <strong>and</strong> Jane Latchford Hammond family arrive on<br />

May 8th with their seven children, Thomas Latchford (Jane’s father) <strong>and</strong> Harry<br />

Carter. The arrival doubles the population from 11 to 22. The only buildings in<br />

town are the combination grocery store/ticket office <strong>and</strong> three section houses<br />

where Ben Elliott <strong>and</strong> the Chinese rail workers live. These were built by Ruben<br />

<strong>and</strong> Sue Chaffin not only manages the store but also sells train tickets <strong>and</strong> is the<br />

post-mistress. Most of the Hammonds settle in the area that eventually becomes<br />

part of the Paul Ecke Ranch. There they establish the Hammond Sunset Ranch<br />

complete with a natural spring fed artesian pond, which is still there today.<br />

(southeast corner of Quail Gardens Dr. & Leucadia Blvd). Edward Hammond<br />

is also an experienced cabinet maker. He constructs several buildings in the<br />

community, including the first dedicated school building, the Pitcher House<br />

Hotel <strong>and</strong> the Derby House (649 South Vulcan Avenue.)<br />

• One-Room Schoolhouse (390 W. F St) is built by Mr. Edward G. Hammond<br />

<strong>and</strong> his 17-year-old son Edward “Ted”. John Pitcher had already personally<br />

gifted this l<strong>and</strong> at 3rd <strong>and</strong> “E” Streets specifically for a school on March 8th.<br />

This 900 square foot building is made mostly out of redwood with fir for the<br />

flooring, using h<strong>and</strong>made square nails. The “desks” are slab tables with<br />

redwood benches. In 1890 “combined desks” replace the slab benches.<br />

Seventeen children attend the first class. It is currently the oldest building<br />

still st<strong>and</strong>ing in <strong>Encinitas</strong>, maintained by the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society.<br />

• James Benjamin Elliott, a railroad foreman, directs Chinese train laborers in<br />

planting acres of Eucalyptus trees shipped from Australia. Eucalyptus <strong>and</strong><br />

Cypress trees are planted in Leucadia from 1885-1900.<br />

1 8 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

1884 ä<br />

• Great Flood-No Trains! In February, heavy winter rains wash out 30 miles of the<br />

train tracks in the Temecula Valley. For nine months there is no rail<br />

communication to <strong>Encinitas</strong>. The Chaffin’s grocery store begins to run out of food.<br />

• Everyone shares what they have <strong>and</strong> made their supplies last.<br />

• German Colony Olivenhain is officially formed on May 21st. Sixty-seven new<br />

German colonists arrive on November 8th. Lack of water is not what they<br />

expected. Over the next few years Colony Olivenhain population peaks at<br />

310. By 1887 only 80 people remain.<br />

1885 ä<br />

• Leucadia is named after the Greek Isle Lefkada in the Ionian isl<strong>and</strong> chain. The<br />

name means “bright & shining isle of paradise” or “sheltered paradise” or<br />

“place of refuge”. These all have been noted to be the translation to describe<br />

this area by the English Spiritualists who settled here. Surveyor, Mr. D.N.<br />

Sanford, names the streets <strong>and</strong> a pantheon of Greek gods <strong>and</strong> Roman deity<br />

names are scattered throughout Leucadia. By 1898 there is a schoolhouse, a<br />

church <strong>and</strong> a railroad stop in the Vulcan <strong>and</strong> Hillcrest area.<br />

• The Germania Hotel is constructed for $500 as a private residence in Olivenhain by<br />

Herman Baecht <strong>and</strong> his family of twelve. It is eventually moved to the Olivenhain<br />

Meeting Hall property in 1982. Restoration the home/hotel is complete.<br />

G<br />

Looking west towards the ocean, this<br />

is the first “downtown” picture<br />

showing the one room schoolhouse, the<br />

church <strong>and</strong> the almost completed<br />

train station.<br />

1886 ä • Olivenhain School opens in Theodore Pinther’s old house <strong>and</strong> is used until 1888.<br />

• Herman Bumann homesteads 160 acres in Olivenhain. The buildings are<br />

preserved to this day by his descendants.<br />

C h a p t e r 2 F 1 9

G<br />

Top: The Derby House.<br />

Bottom: The Hammond Sunset Ranch,<br />

c. 1890. Rows of apple trees along<br />

what would become El Camino<br />

Real in what was then known as<br />

Green Valley.<br />

1887 ä<br />

• Derby House (649 S. Vulcan) is built by Edward Hammond for railroad man<br />

Amos Gates Derby, his wife <strong>and</strong> four daughters. The completed 5,600 sq. foot<br />

house made of redwood has seven bedrooms, a central dining room <strong>and</strong> a red<br />

brick fireplace. The combined dining <strong>and</strong> living room ran the length of the<br />

home. The built-in cabinets were beautifully h<strong>and</strong>crafted. It has not only<br />

been a house but also a hotel for railroad travelers. During WWII it was<br />

“some sort of hospital”. At one time “THE HOME” was painted on the slanted<br />

roof <strong>and</strong> was dedicated to the Eternal Brotherhood. It was a 14-room<br />

boarding house when purchased in 1976 <strong>and</strong> is still privately owned.<br />

• <strong>Encinitas</strong> Community Church (560 3rd St) is built on donated l<strong>and</strong> by John<br />

Pritcher <strong>and</strong> financed by the community. Later, it was moved to San Marcos.<br />

2 0 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

1887-88 ä<br />

1888 ä<br />

1890 ä<br />

• The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Train Station (directly west of the Derby House) is built, along<br />

with many other downtown stores. This period is referred to as “The Boom<br />

Years.” Over time the number of rail cars needed is greatly reduced <strong>and</strong> the<br />

station is permanently closed January 24, 1969.<br />

• Noonan’s Point is purchased by James Noonan for $1,000 for the ten acres.<br />

He hires Edward Hammond <strong>and</strong> his son, Ted, to build their cliff-side home.<br />

The Noonan’s raise seven children there. On a September night in 1893 the<br />

house burns to the ground <strong>and</strong> the Noonan’s move away. (This 10-acre ocean<br />

bluff property, known as Noonan’s Point, is purchased in 1936 <strong>and</strong> the<br />

hermitage for Paramahansa Yogan<strong>and</strong>a is built.)<br />

• Olivenhain One-Room School is purchased from Fred Balzer. It is moved to<br />

the southwest corner of 7th <strong>and</strong> Cole Ranch Road <strong>and</strong> remains active for fiftyfour<br />

years. It was then moved to the San Dieguito High School campus <strong>and</strong><br />

used as a class room before being demolished in the mid 1960s.<br />

• Cozens House (112 “C” Street) is built by Tom <strong>and</strong> Annie Cozens. Edward G.<br />

Hammond helped his son-in-law <strong>and</strong> daughter build their home originally near<br />

the bluff at “F” Street. In 1900, over a two-week period, they literally move the<br />

house to where it is now just above Cottonwood Creek. There Tom could dig<br />

a well in the small canyon below where the fresh water could be pumped .<br />

• South Bay Shooting Club is built on Hillcrest Street in Leucadia by Fred Coutts.<br />

G<br />

Left: The Cozens original house<br />

location on the bluff located<br />

approximately at 4th <strong>and</strong> “G” Streets<br />

prior to its move to just above <strong>and</strong><br />

south of Cottonwood Creek where it<br />

sits today.<br />

Bottom: The Cozens house today.<br />

C h a p t e r 2 F 2 1

G<br />

Eucalyptus trees such as these were<br />

the source of many ties used in the<br />

local railroads. Eucalyptus trees<br />

lined the highways. These beautiful<br />

tree canopies provided shade <strong>and</strong><br />

offered up the most pleasing<br />

aroma. Unfortunately, most<br />

succumbed to bark beetle, high winds,<br />

<strong>and</strong> street improvements.<br />

1893 ä<br />

1894 ä<br />

• Fred <strong>and</strong> Anna Teten, purchase from the colony Theodore Pinther’s vacated<br />

1885 house. For a while, Pinther’s house was used as the San Dieguito Valley<br />

One-Room Schoolhouse. In 1895 another vacated house is combined to it<br />

adding to the square footage. This structure was saved by the San Dieguito<br />

Heritage Museum <strong>and</strong> is now wonderfully restored on the museum property<br />

on Quail Gardens Drive <strong>and</strong> is known as “The Teten House.”<br />

• Olivenhain Town Hall (423 Rancho Santa Fe Road) is constructed to celebrate the<br />

colonist’s ten-year anniversary. In 1916 a kitchen <strong>and</strong> bathroom are added from<br />

the wood from the dismantled Owl Club building increasing the size to 28 feet<br />

by 36 feet. A new floor <strong>and</strong> much needed upgrades happen in 1928. Business<br />

meetings <strong>and</strong> social gatherings including picnics, celebrations, dances <strong>and</strong><br />

weddings are among the many events that still take place there. This historic<br />

building is maintained by the Olivenhain Town Council.<br />

1895 ä<br />

• Green Valley One-Room School is located north of Olivenhain Road. The<br />

building is removed when El Camino Real is widened in 1966.<br />

1987-1917 ä<br />

• The Copper Creek Mine was active with two shafts, 140 feet <strong>and</strong> 400 feet.<br />

2 2 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

O L I V E N H A I N<br />

Olivenhain, “olive grove”, is a beautiful name with a contrary meaning. Open spaces <strong>and</strong> lots<br />

of it...l<strong>and</strong> as far as the eye could see. A man could homestead 160 acres. Many tough families<br />

did try to make a go of it growing the “promised” olives, but alas there was a lack sufficient water.<br />

This l<strong>and</strong> was more arid than grove-like. Five years later the population dropped from three<br />

hundred-ten new settlers down to just eighty die-hard farmers who chose to remain on the<br />

parched l<strong>and</strong>. Wells were dug, but eventually dry farming was introduced with lima beans.<br />

Springing up over the rolling hills came shanties, a local school, a town hall <strong>and</strong> a hotel. Some<br />

of the descendants of those hearty early Olivenhain pioneers still live in the area. They hold the<br />

rights to be buried in their own private cemetery. The Olivenhain Town Hall is still the center<br />

piece of community activity. Locals gather yearly to celebrate their German roots with an<br />

authentic Oktoberfest. Water did eventually come via the pipe-line, but not until 1961.<br />

Immediately the area boomed. Large estates replaced grassl<strong>and</strong>s <strong>and</strong> fields. The Colony<br />

Olivenhain still has a farm feeling though with horses, goats, turkeys, chickens <strong>and</strong> a few cattle<br />

in the back yards of many of the properties on this quiet rolling “back county”.<br />

G<br />

The Olivenhain Town Hall, built in<br />

1894, was the main gathering place<br />

for settlers. It was placed on the<br />

National Register of Historic Places<br />

in 1993.<br />

C h a p t e r 2 F 2 3

G<br />

Above: Dressed in their Sunday<br />

best, these early pioneers pose in<br />

typical attire.<br />

Right: Farmers bringing cattle to the<br />

once free flowing La Bajada Creek.<br />

2 4 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

G<br />

Top: Miles Justus Kellogg’s home on<br />

Second Street. Note the Boat Houses<br />

in the upper right-h<strong>and</strong> corner.<br />

Above: A formal portrait of Miles<br />

Justus Kellogg.<br />

Left: Local miners finishing a shift at<br />

The Copper Creek Mine, operating<br />

from 1897 to 1917.<br />

C h a p t e r 2 F 2 5

G<br />

Early image of <strong>Encinitas</strong> farmers. R A N C H O D E L O S E N C I N I T O S<br />

Rancho de los Encinitos, a Mexican l<strong>and</strong>-grant of one square league or 4,431-03 acres, was<br />

given to Andrés Ybarra by Governor Alvarado on July 3, 1842, <strong>and</strong> a United States l<strong>and</strong>-patent<br />

was granted on April 18, 1871. Being halfway between the mission at San Diego <strong>and</strong> that of San<br />

Luis Rey, it proved to be a convenient stage station, where horses were changed. In later years,<br />

it became a train stop for the California Southern Railroad.<br />

Attention was drawn to the ranch when an ostrich farm was established there. On February<br />

21, 1884, the National City Record said: “The ostriches have laid 10 eggs since they arrived at<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>. The boss egg weighed 3 lbs. <strong>and</strong> 11 oz.” The ostrich venture must have been of short<br />

duration, for on August 24 of the same year, Kimball Brothers ran an advertisement in the San<br />

Diego Union: “Rancho <strong>Encinitas</strong>, 4,400 acres. The best ranch for its size for a Colony.”<br />

Colonization was a favorite method for settling l<strong>and</strong>, during that period.<br />

The advertisement was answered by Theodore Pinther, favorably known in Colorado, who<br />

was planning to organize a colony. With several others, Pinther arrived in San Diego September<br />

27, <strong>and</strong> Frank Kimball showed them several locations. “Took the party to Jamul,” he noted in<br />

his records, “Also to Otay <strong>and</strong> then went to <strong>Encinitas</strong> <strong>and</strong> examined the springs in the northeast<br />

corner; then went down the east side to the southeast corner, then up to the location of the dam<br />

across Elijo Creek, through the valley <strong>and</strong> nearly to the ocean. The stage overtook us at San<br />

Dieguito, <strong>and</strong> we came home.” Two days later he recorded: “At work on the Pinther Colony<br />

scheme.” The following day the National City Record mentions the name of the colony at<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> as “Olivenhain.”<br />

On October 3 Kimball was in San Diego <strong>and</strong> saw the Articles of Incorporation for the Colony<br />

<strong>and</strong> received $400 to bind the bargain on the sale of the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Rancho for $65,000. The<br />

contract was made by Pinther, Conrad Stroebel, Paul Flossig <strong>and</strong> others. So began the<br />

Olivenhain venture; shortly afterward, a courageous little group left their homes in Colorado, for<br />

the new colony. On November 8 Kimball noted that he had “Carried apples to the first<br />

installment of Colony Olivenhain which came down by steamer. Consisted of some 60 persons,<br />

including children.”<br />

2 6 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

CHAPTER 3<br />

E N C I N I T A S G R O W S U P : 1 9 0 0 - 1 9 1 9<br />

El Camino Real (The Kings Highway) has grown to become the central route for travel <strong>and</strong> commerce.<br />

The railroad continues to grow, connecting the region with the rest of the state. The economy<br />

continues to exp<strong>and</strong> with the harvesting of kelp as another cash crop supporting the area. Cardiff is<br />

starting to become the community we know today. Electricity comes to the region, providing light<br />

<strong>and</strong> energy to fuel the next wave of development for the region.<br />

G<br />

Above: A typical foggy morning along<br />

the south bound train tracks rolling<br />

into <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

C h a p t e r 3 F 2 7

1905 ä<br />

1906 ä<br />

• El Camino Real is now the main road going north to south.<br />

• Lima Beans are introduced as a dry farm crop in Olivenhain. The fields would get<br />

enough moisture from the coastal mist for the lima bean crops to survive. Lima<br />

bean farming became extremely successful <strong>and</strong> annually farmed for over 50 years.<br />

• Southern California Railroad becomes a subsidiary of The Acheson, Topeka<br />

& Santa Fe Railroads.<br />

G<br />

Right: Early settlers built small<br />

wooden homes dotting the l<strong>and</strong>scape<br />

from the coast to Olivenhain.<br />

Bottom: Early Cardiff looking north.<br />

Note the historic Cardiff Mercantile<br />

Building to the right.<br />

2 8 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

1908 ä<br />

• Lone Jack Road has a very interesting history. A real estate salesman named Mr.<br />

Muir purchased a 160-acre homestead in Olivenhain. His ranch has a few head<br />

of cattle <strong>and</strong> a mule named Jack. One hot, dry <strong>and</strong> windy day, a wildfire starts<br />

to sweep across the ranch. Muir tries to get Jack across a narrow canyon to head<br />

off the cattle. Jack won’t move. Suddenly the canyon flashes into flames! He<br />

realizes then that Jack has saved his life. Out of respect, Muir names his ranch<br />

then the road after Jack. Muir sells the ranch in 1915, but the name sticks.<br />

G<br />

Above: The trains started coming<br />

through <strong>Encinitas</strong> for the first time on<br />

August 14, 1882. The Hammond<br />

Family arrived with eleven members<br />

on May 8, 1883, literally doubling<br />

the population.<br />

1909 ä<br />

• <strong>Encinitas</strong> Schoolhouse Annex is added to the 1883 one room school. This<br />

new entry addition is used for coats, books <strong>and</strong> teacher materials.<br />

C h a p t e r 3 F 2 9

G<br />

The <strong>Encinitas</strong> baseball team, 1912.<br />

1911 ä<br />

• Cardiff resident James Frank Cullen, purchases l<strong>and</strong> from Hector MacKinnon,<br />

<strong>and</strong> names his tract of l<strong>and</strong> Cardiff. Encouraged by his wife, Esther, they<br />

name the streets after places in the British Isles, Cambridge, Edinburg <strong>and</strong><br />

Oxford, to name a few. The family home is built on the corner of Oxford <strong>and</strong><br />

Norfolk. Mr. Cullen also builds a hotel overlooking the bluff, as well as a 300-<br />

foot wooden pier south of the campgrounds <strong>and</strong> a bathhouse in 1912. The<br />

pier is later destroyed in the fierce winter storms of 1916-1917.<br />

• Mr. Victor Kremer, music publicist/developer, names the streets after composers<br />

such as Verde, Liszt & Mozart. The lots cost $30. or $45. for a corner lot paid in<br />

six equal payments. Kremer is also credited for adding “by-the -Sea” to Cardiff.<br />

• Cardiff Mercantile (2185 San Elijo Avenue) building is also a project of J.<br />

Frank Cullen. He builds the Cardiff Mercantile Building reminiscent of<br />

Victorian English seaside architecture. He visualized it as a hotel for artists<br />

with the first floor designed as a grocery store.<br />

1912-15 ä<br />

• Cardiff Kelp Processing Plant is built 300 feet south of the present-day<br />

intersection of Kilkenny <strong>and</strong> San Elijo Ave. It processed seaweed for its many<br />

food <strong>and</strong> industrial chemicals, such as iodine for use during WWI.<br />

3 0 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

G<br />

Top: Downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong>, c. 1916.<br />

Middle: Coast Highway Downtown<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>, c. 1910. The coast highway<br />

was a dirt road until 1913 when the<br />

two-lane concrete road was<br />

constructed running from San Diego<br />

to Oceanside.<br />

Bottom: The Cardiff Mercantile was<br />

designed to resemble Victorian English<br />

architecture. It was built in 1911 by<br />

J. Frank Cullen.<br />

C h a p t e r 3 F 3 1

G<br />

Top, left: Albert Lickert, c. 1912. This<br />

is at the corner of East Street <strong>and</strong> El<br />

Camino Del Norte in Olivenhain.<br />

Top, right: <strong>Encinitas</strong> pioneer<br />

Herman Wieg<strong>and</strong> (1890-1993).<br />

The Wieg<strong>and</strong> family cultivated<br />

farml<strong>and</strong> in Olivenhain near the<br />

turn of the century.<br />

Right: A couple enjoys the beach<br />

c. 1910s<br />

1913 ä<br />

1914 ä<br />

• Highway 101, a two-lane concrete road, is constructed from S. D. to Oceanside.<br />

• Cardiff-by-the-Sea School District is established.<br />

• Cardiff Train Depot is built. Architect, Del W. Harris of San Diego designs the<br />

mission style depot. It has four rooms <strong>and</strong> is built on a cement foundation, with<br />

cement floors, plastered exterior <strong>and</strong> a tiled roof. Located slightly north <strong>and</strong><br />

west of the Cardiff Mercantile just east of the railroad tracks. In the mid-1940s<br />

the depot is partially demolished. A section of the building, probably the ticket<br />

booth, is moved to “A” <strong>and</strong> Fifth Streets to become part of a house in <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

• 1st Branch Library of San Diego County opens on October 13th in the first<br />

floor of the Cardiff Mercantile building.<br />

3 2 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

E N C I N I T A S F U N F A C T S<br />

A L’ S B A R B E R S H O P<br />

G<br />

Above: Proud family posing next to<br />

their home in downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

In 1920, Grant Ulysses Johnston played a lucky h<strong>and</strong> of cards at the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Pool Hall <strong>and</strong><br />

won Al’s Barber shop in <strong>Encinitas</strong>. Grant had to quickly change his name to Al for all to believe<br />

it. Al’s barbershop became the hottest stop during this time for gossip <strong>and</strong> “friendly” cardplaying.<br />

Haircuts for men <strong>and</strong> women were only 35 cents <strong>and</strong> a shave went for 15 cents. This<br />

barbershop is now a part of the San Dieguito Heritage Museum located in <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

Below: <strong>Encinitas</strong> Hotel <strong>and</strong> Clayton<br />

Drugstore shared retail space with<br />

Al’s Barbershop.<br />

C h a p t e r 3 F 3 3

G<br />

Top: The Mission School was built in<br />

1916 in front of the 1883 one-room<br />

school. It served as an elementary<br />

school until 1936, then became the<br />

temporary San Dieguito High School.<br />

In 1953 it was moved to become part<br />

of the Self Realization Fellowship.<br />

Bottom, left: Portrait of the Amos<br />

Gates Derby’s wife <strong>and</strong> four daughters<br />

at the turn of the century.<br />

Bottom, right: Local <strong>Encinitas</strong> family<br />

posing in their Sunday best.<br />

3 4 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

1915 ä<br />

1916 ä<br />

• Lake Hodges Dam begins construction. Due to the flood damaged railway<br />

lines <strong>and</strong> bridges, the dam is built at the narrows of the San Dieguito River<br />

just above Rancho Santa Fe. It is completed in 1918.<br />

• Electricity comes to <strong>Encinitas</strong> via a trunk line from La Jolla.<br />

• George’s Lobster Inn (Cardiff’s Restaurant Row), formerly The Beacon Inn, is<br />

built using the wood from the kelp processing plant. It has been a bar,<br />

restaurant, <strong>and</strong> gambling establishment. Hollywood stars such as Peter Lorre,<br />

Betty Grable <strong>and</strong> Jimmy Durante like the Inn <strong>and</strong> often stop on their way to<br />

San Diego.<br />

• The Mission School is built adjacent to the original 1883 one-room<br />

schoolhouse. This serene mission-style building is located on the hill<br />

overlooking downtown at 3rd <strong>and</strong> “E” Streets. A campanile bell tower fronted<br />

the school. This new school is needed for the increasing number of students.<br />

It serves as the elementary school until 1936. The school then becomes a<br />

temporary high school until San Dieguito High is built. Some sections of the<br />

building are moved to its present location at “J” <strong>and</strong> 2nd Street in 1953 <strong>and</strong><br />

is owned <strong>and</strong> operated by the Self Realization Fellowship, where devotees<br />

restored it.<br />

G<br />

Above: Wenz Apartments/Danforth<br />

Building, c. the 1930s. The Danforth<br />

Building still st<strong>and</strong>s today on the<br />

northwest corner of Coast Highway<br />

<strong>and</strong> E Street.<br />


1918 ä<br />

• Originally the Wenz Apartments, now known as the Danforth Building, has<br />

been in <strong>Encinitas</strong> since 1918 on the corner of First Street (Main Street<br />

Highway 101) <strong>and</strong> E Street. The southbound Greyhound bus stop was in front<br />

of the building <strong>and</strong> tickets were purchased in the building’s gift shop. It<br />

included all that was needed for everyday life. The Market was open to the<br />

street, with a fruit <strong>and</strong> vegetable st<strong>and</strong> across the front, where you could buy<br />

a glass jar of milk <strong>and</strong> a loaf of bread for about 10-cents.<br />

C h a p t e r 3 F 3 5

G<br />

Above: James Frank Cullen’s majestic home once stood alone in Cardiff when built in 1911. It is now surrounded completely by modern homes <strong>and</strong> developments.<br />

3 6 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

G<br />

Top: <strong>Encinitas</strong> Garage on Coast<br />

Highway c. 1910s<br />

Middle: Known as George’s Lobster<br />

Inn (formerly the Beacon Inn) was<br />

built in 1916 with recycled wood from<br />

the closed kelp processing plant.<br />

Bottom: Art Cole Hauling Hay in<br />

Olivenhain c. 1918.<br />

C h a p t e r 3 F 3 7

G<br />

Right <strong>and</strong> below: Life in <strong>Encinitas</strong> is<br />

booming as families discover the<br />

wonderful mild temperatures of our<br />

coastal desert climate.<br />

3 8 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

CHAPTER 4<br />

T H E F L O W E R C A P I T A L O F T H E W O R L D : 1 9 2 0 - 1 9 2 9<br />

With Lake Hodges now in service, water for irrigation <strong>and</strong> home use was now readily available.<br />

Water allowed agriculture to flourish, driving the local economy. The Paul Ecke Ranch was established,<br />

bringing world famous poinsettias to the region. Downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong> started to flourish<br />

around the growth of Highway 101. This is the era of the La Paloma theater <strong>and</strong> the Boat Houses.<br />

G<br />

An aerial view of <strong>Encinitas</strong>, c. 1928.<br />

C h a p t e r 4 F 3 9

G<br />

Top: A Williams & MacPherson<br />

Subtropical Nursery display at a<br />

flower show.<br />

Bottom: The Ecke Family changed the<br />

course of <strong>Encinitas</strong> history when Paul<br />

Ecke Sr. <strong>and</strong> wife Magdalena<br />

established their poinsettia ranch<br />

along Saxony Road in 1923. This<br />

“Christmas flower” becomes a<br />

traditional addition in homes <strong>and</strong><br />

businesses during the holiday season,<br />

now literally all over the world.<br />

C. 1920 ä<br />

1922-23 ä<br />

1923 ä<br />

• Leucadia Beach Inn (1332 N. Coast Highway 101) is designed in the popular<br />

horseshoe shape. It is now fully restored by owner Charles Marvin <strong>and</strong> continues<br />

to be the oldest continuously operating auto park style motel in California.<br />

• Water for the coastal areas from the completed Lake Hodges Dam comes to Leucadia<br />

allowing flowers <strong>and</strong> agriculture to flourish along with another population boom.<br />

The new San Dieguito Mutual Water Company brings water to downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

• Paul Ecke Poinsettia Ranch (Saxony area) is established. Paul Ecke Sr. <strong>and</strong> his<br />

family had been growing poinsettias in Hollywood since 1919. Mr. Ecke buys 40<br />

acres at $150 an acre that previously had been the Lemuel Kincaid Ranch. Most<br />

of the world’s poinsettias originated from the Paul Ecke Ranch. The Ecke family<br />

ranch house is designed by Lillian Rice <strong>and</strong> is built in 1935. Lillian Rice buildings<br />

are historic in Rancho Santa Fe. The house still remains on the property.<br />

4 0 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

1924 ä<br />

• Mid-Winter Flower Festival is started by Thomas McLaughlin in February.<br />

• For eight years this annual event attracts crowds from all over Southern<br />

California to the downtown area along Highway 101. The 1932 depression<br />

unfortunately brings the event to a close.<br />

• Egyptian House (959 Cornish) is built by Mr. Steele after being affected by the<br />

“Tut-mania” <strong>and</strong> the discovery of Tutankhamen’s tomb in 1922. The entrance to<br />

the home is flanked by two Egyptian-style papyrus columns. Cobra goddesses<br />

with vulture wings rest above the windows, while a cobra <strong>and</strong> globe lie above the<br />

entryway. Two pilasters contain bas relief fruit, vegetable <strong>and</strong> animal shapes, along<br />

with Egyptian hieroglyphics. A similar style home is at 1239 San Dieguito.<br />

G<br />

Above: Highway 101 in <strong>Encinitas</strong>,<br />

c. 1928. By the mid ‘20s downtown<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> was thriving with many<br />

locals starting their family business<br />

along the coast highway. <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

was becoming self-sufficient with<br />

services <strong>and</strong> goods being available to<br />

the active downtown district.<br />


1925 ä<br />

• <strong>Encinitas</strong> Hotel is built. It is noted that the lower floor is used for the 8th grade<br />

overflow. It originally had three stories, but the third floor becomes invaded by<br />

bats <strong>and</strong> is removed. This recycled wood helps build the dance hall at Moonlight<br />

Beach. When that was taken down, some lumber went to build the Boathouses.<br />

• Dance Pavilion <strong>and</strong> Bath House is built by Aubrey Austin <strong>and</strong> deeded to the<br />

public. He also is the developer who designs <strong>and</strong> builds the La Paloma Theater.<br />

• Dr. Charles Victor Lindsey is <strong>Encinitas</strong>’ first doctor. He establishes his<br />

practice assisted by his wife, Mary, who is a nurse. From that point on he is<br />

the only doctor to deliver babies born here through 1941.<br />

C h a p t e r 4 F 4 1

1927 ä<br />

• Glen Park (2149 Orinda, Cardiff-by-the-Sea) is deeded to the County of San<br />

Diego. Frank Cullen manually excavates the wash to help create the park.<br />

This property once housed the Cardiff Library in the newly built Scout Hut.<br />

Over the years the children’s play area <strong>and</strong> tennis courts are added.<br />

• Central School in Leucadia is completed (renamed Paul Ecke Central in 1986).<br />

G<br />

Right: The Aubrey Austin building,<br />

which brought to <strong>Encinitas</strong> the<br />

La Paloma Theater, has remained<br />

one of our most treasured <strong>and</strong><br />

iconic buildings on Coast Highway.<br />

Still st<strong>and</strong>ing today, the building was<br />

built in 1928. This Spanish Mission-<br />

Art Deco design still attracts<br />

popular films, performances <strong>and</strong><br />

special events.<br />

1928 ä<br />

• La Paloma Theater “The Dove” (471 So. Coast Highway 101) hosts its Gr<strong>and</strong><br />

Opening on February 11th. Costing $50,000 to build, this beautiful theater of<br />

Spanish Mission <strong>and</strong> Art Deco design, is built by Santa Monica banker, Aubrey<br />

Austin. It is one of the first theaters to show “talkies.” The theater is equipped<br />

with a beautiful pipe organ <strong>and</strong> vaudeville stage. Reported as “the most exciting<br />

night in downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong> history.” Over the years many performers have<br />

graced its stage. Known then as the “Broadway of the Pacific”, this is referred to<br />

historically as the Aubrey Austin building as it is occupied by other businesses.<br />

• Original 1883 One-Room Schoolhouse is sold to George Roberts for his<br />

“country home”. It was moved to the corner of 4th <strong>and</strong> “H” Streets.<br />

Bottom: The Coast Dispatch<br />

newspaper covered everything<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>, literally all events including<br />

children’s birthday parties. In the<br />

beginning it had a circulation of 125.<br />

4 2 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

1927-28 ä<br />

• The Boathouses (726 & 732 3rd Street) are built by Miles Minor Kellogg <strong>and</strong><br />

his son, Miles Justus Kellogg. These iconic boats on 3rd Street are built with<br />

recycled lumber from the Moonlight Beach Dance Pavilion <strong>and</strong> Bathhouse<br />

that was dismantled. Miles Kellogg’s Michigan family background included<br />

captains, sailors <strong>and</strong> boat builders. Each houseboat is 52 feet long <strong>and</strong> has<br />

two bedrooms, a loft, 1½ baths <strong>and</strong> a kitchen. The SS Moonlight <strong>and</strong> SS<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> are perched on the west side of 3rd between “F” & “G” Streets<br />

facing east.<br />

G<br />

Above: Miles Minor Kellogg.<br />

Left: Using scrap wood from the<br />

Moonlight Beach Dance pavilion<br />

Miles Justus Kellogg builds these<br />

whimsical boats on 3rd Street. In<br />

October 2019 they were placed on the<br />

National Register of Historic Places.<br />

C h a p t e r 4 F 4 3

G<br />

Above: As life is thriving along the<br />

coast highway, Olivenhain becomes<br />

dotted with cattle ranches <strong>and</strong> dry<br />

bean farming. With wide open spaces,<br />

<strong>and</strong> very little coastal moisture,<br />

settlers relied on wells for water as<br />

they struggle to survive.<br />

1928 ä<br />

• The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Sign is erected across Highway 101 south of “D” Street as the<br />

brainchild of T.J. Lewis. In 1937 it is removed to widen Highway 101.<br />

• The Rupe Building, (137 West “D”) a white art deco building, is built by Miles<br />

Kellogg. When Mr. Rupe brings his family here in 1913, he opens a small<br />

grocery store at Highway 101 <strong>and</strong> D Street. He always dreamed of a larger<br />

store. Mr. Rupe builds his new store across the street at 2nd <strong>and</strong> “D” Streets.<br />

It offers a variety of services from groceries to hardware <strong>and</strong> even a pool table.<br />

When the Great Depression hits three years later he loses everything.<br />

Below: Looking north toward the<br />

Lotus Gardens at the Self Realization<br />

Fellowship Hermitage.<br />

1929 ä<br />

• The Aldrich Castle (southwest end of “H” Street) is built by Dr. Richard Aldrich,<br />

an art historian, on this one-acre site atop the 400-foot bluff. It is also referred<br />

to as “Casa San Lorenzo”. Dr. Aldrich died in 1976 <strong>and</strong> developers purchase his<br />

iconic home with plans to build six two-story condominiums. They were<br />

eventually successful after a major public outcry to save the “castle” failed.<br />

• The Coast Dispatch is started by Archie J. Hicks, Sr. It had a circulation of 125.<br />

In 1954, his son Archie Hicks, Jr. takes over the publishing.<br />

• First Heritage Tree is planted on Requeza Street near Stratford Drive. It is a<br />

Cock Spar Coral <strong>and</strong> is planted by Bertr<strong>and</strong> <strong>and</strong> Margurite Butler. It is<br />

dedicated as an official Heritage Tree in 2010.<br />

4 4 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

G<br />

Top: Moonlight Beach, c. the 1920s.<br />

Moonlight Beach still attracts<br />

visitors <strong>and</strong> locals alike to its gentle<br />

s<strong>and</strong>y shoreline.<br />

Left: General store, c. the 1920s,<br />

Leucadia roadside park.<br />

L E U C A D I A<br />

Eatonville, Eaton’s Canyon, Merle, then, finally Leucadia. Named after the Greek Isle, Lefkada, this name has a litany of translations:<br />

“bright <strong>and</strong> shining isle of paradise,” “sheltered paradise” or “place of refuge”. All have been used in translating what the English<br />

Spiritualists meant it to be when they settled here. Leucadians have maintained the “spirit woods”, this area’s oldest park, Leucadia<br />

Roadside Park. The train used to stop here, too. The last known signage for this town, when it was called Merle, was at the closed train<br />

stop. Greek gods <strong>and</strong> Roman deity street names are scattered throughout Leucadia. Once there was a shooting club up in the hilly area.<br />

Wonderful roadside motels dotted the old highway 101, providing rooms for the many travelers. There was even a cafe resembling<br />

Noah’s Ark, with painted plywood life-sized shapes of animals dotting the hillside. The poinsettia <strong>and</strong> flower industry put Leucadia on<br />

the map. The Ecke Ranch was ground zero for the best poinsettia operation in the world. Many other farmers in the flower industry<br />

thrived here, easily making this The Flower Capital of the World. Art studios, antique shops, shell shops <strong>and</strong> local cafes occupied most<br />

of the buildings along the highway. Today Leucadia is best known for its successful summertime Art Walk. A menagerie of “this <strong>and</strong><br />

that” proves to be an appropriate descriptive motto that Leucadians hang on to: “Keep Leucadia Funky.”<br />

C h a p t e r 4 F 4 5

G<br />

Cardiff Beach, looking north along the then-dirt highway towards Swami’s Point, Restaurant Row <strong>and</strong> San Elijo Campground now fill this l<strong>and</strong>scape.<br />

4 6 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

G<br />

Top: Nearly the entire community<br />

turns out for the annual Dinner Time<br />

Flower Show. This picture was taken<br />

in 1928.<br />

T H E M I D - W I N T E R F L O W E R F E S T I V A L<br />

The Mid-winter Flower Festival is started by Thomas McLaughlin in February of 1924. This<br />

annual event attracts flower growers <strong>and</strong> flower lovers alike from all over California. The Mid-winter<br />

Flower Show was incorporated in 1928 under California law. This event encompassed several blocks<br />

in the area of town now known as “The Lumberyard.” The Great Depression caused the demise of<br />

the event in 1932.<br />

C h a p t e r 4 F 4 7

G<br />

Above: Downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong> looking<br />

west from E Street. The lot at right is<br />

the current home of the <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Civic Center.<br />

Right: One of the earliest known<br />

photos of the original downtown<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> sign. The original <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

sign shown here was erected in 1928.<br />

The sign was removed when Coast<br />

Highway was widened in 1937.<br />

4 8 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

CHAPTER 5<br />

T H E G R E A T D E P R E S S I O N A N D W A R Y E A R S : 1 9 3 0 - 1 9 4 9<br />

Though the region continued to exp<strong>and</strong>, the Great Depression impacted the community as people<br />

looked for ways to feed the poor, led by local churches. But the growing community continued to<br />

keep an eye on the future, as San Dieguito High School opened up <strong>and</strong> Highway 101 exp<strong>and</strong>ed to<br />

four lanes.<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> played a role in defending our Coast from attack by the Japanese, with outposts <strong>and</strong> foxholes<br />

entrenched along the coastline. But the resilience of the local citizenry wasted no time in recovering<br />

from the war, bringing electricity to Olivenhain. <strong>Encinitas</strong>’ surf roots started to grow, bringing<br />

a new lifestyle <strong>and</strong> culture to the region.<br />

G<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> from above.<br />

C h a p t e r 5 F 4 9

D A L E Y D O U B L E S A L O O N<br />

If you are interested in stepping back in time <strong>and</strong> getting a feel for what <strong>Encinitas</strong> was like in<br />

days long past, all you have to do is pay a visit to the Daley Double Saloon at 546 First Street.<br />

The Daley Double Saloon qualifies as one of the most unique <strong>and</strong> historical buildings in<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>. It’s the site of <strong>Encinitas</strong>’ first <strong>and</strong> oldest bar, as well as the second oldest downtown<br />

business in <strong>Encinitas</strong> (second only to the La Paloma Theater) <strong>and</strong> is a place where time appears<br />

to have stood still having changed very little over the years.<br />

Historical records show that the building the Saloon is housed in was built in circa 1915 <strong>and</strong><br />

that this location has always been a drinking establishment.<br />

G<br />

Top: The art deco bar at the Daley<br />

Double Saloon in <strong>Encinitas</strong>, 1930.<br />

The famous walnut burl wood bar<br />

<strong>and</strong> cozy friendly atmosphere is still<br />

alive in this iconic bar.<br />

Bottom: Before there was the<br />

Daley Double, there was the<br />

Village Rendezvous.<br />

1933 ä<br />

1935 ä<br />

• Mr. Gresham’s Service Station (1205 Coast Highway 101) is one of the most<br />

unique <strong>and</strong> fanciful buildings along Highway 101. He hopes to catch the eye of<br />

the many tourists that are a major component of the downtown economy from<br />

the 1920s thru the 1940s. What makes this building’s architecture so unique is<br />

the Italianate style “pyramidal lip roof <strong>and</strong> blind Italian-like Arches.”<br />

• San Dieguito American Legion, Post 416 (210 West “F” Street) serves veterans,<br />

service members <strong>and</strong> the community. “It is a true testament of the dedication,<br />

commitment <strong>and</strong> hard work of several generations of active members.”<br />

• Red Roof Cabins/Log Cabin Motel (1660 N. Coast Highway 101) in Leucadia<br />

are built. This motel is a true reminder of the auto court days.<br />

5 0 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

1936 ä • The Self-Realization Hermitage (1105 2nd Street) is established. In the early<br />

1930s while traveling by car from Los Angeles to San Diego, Paramahansa<br />

Yogan<strong>and</strong>a asks his driver to pull over to the bluffs on the right to stop for a scenic<br />

picnic. He is enthralled with the majestic ocean views. Soon after Yogan<strong>and</strong>a<br />

began his travels, one of his followers, James J. Lynn, purchases the property <strong>and</strong><br />

has the hermitage built. Two years later Mr. Lynn presents this gift to Yogan<strong>and</strong>a.<br />

Yogan<strong>and</strong>a departs from his physical body March 1952. His dwelling has not<br />

been changed in any way. The Meditation Garden is open to the public Tuesday<br />

through Sunday. Occasionally the private areas are open for public tours.<br />

G<br />

Above: Left to right, Muriel Kincaid,<br />

Irene Rupe, Hilda Remmele, Isabel<br />

Rupe, <strong>and</strong> Florence Kincaid.<br />

Left: The Golden Lotus Temple, c.<br />

1938. Built on the bluff within the Self<br />

Realization Fellowship grounds in<br />

1938. Unfortunately, the temple<br />

toppled to the beach below just four<br />

years later in 1942. The tiled<br />

entryway is still prominent on the<br />

garden grounds.<br />

C h a p t e r 5 F 5 1

G<br />

Top, left: <strong>Encinitas</strong> Central School,<br />

c. 1932.<br />

1937 ä<br />

• Highway 101 is widened to a four-lane road to help accommodate the<br />

increasing traffic flow thru town, made possible by the State of California.<br />

• The San Dieguito High School (800 Santa Fe Dr.) is dedicated on June 11th.<br />

Top, right: A Cardiff graduation class,<br />

c. the 1940s.<br />

Bottom, right: Downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong> at<br />

the corner of “D” Street <strong>and</strong> Coast<br />

Highway. Note the old <strong>Encinitas</strong> Hotel<br />

on the top floor.<br />

1939 ä<br />

The 1940s ä<br />

• Rotary Club of <strong>Encinitas</strong> begins “Service Above Self” on July 12th.<br />

• Surfing along the entire <strong>Encinitas</strong> coastline starts becoming popular with many<br />

locations to catch that perfect wave. Surfing at Swami’s is immortalized by the<br />

Beach Boys popular song, “Surfing USA.” Other good surf breaks include: Stone<br />

Steps, Beacons, Pipes, Cardiff Reef, Table Tops, Stretch Mark, Brown House,<br />

Bone Yard, Little Tahiti, Old Man’s, Barney’s, Traps, “D” St. <strong>and</strong> Turtles.<br />

5 2 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

G<br />

Top: The U.S. Navy protecting the<br />

Coast during the war.<br />

Left: “Have Yourself a Merry Little<br />

Christmas” is a song written in 1943<br />

by longtime <strong>Encinitas</strong> resident Hugh<br />

Martin <strong>and</strong> Ralph Blane <strong>and</strong> sung by<br />

Judy Garl<strong>and</strong> in the 1944 MGM<br />

musical Meet Me in St. Louis.<br />


Below: A member of the Coast Guard<br />

patrolling <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

1941 ä<br />

1942 ä<br />

1946 ä<br />

1948 ä<br />

• Black out is ordered along the Southern California coast following the<br />

bombing of Pearl Harbor. Headlights are taped revealing only a 1” slit of light.<br />

Local volunteers patrol the streets at night.<br />

• The Golden Lotus Temple on the bluffs of the Self-Realization Fellowship,<br />

topples down onto the beach below on July 21st. It had been built <strong>and</strong><br />

dedicated just a short four years earlier on January 2, 1938.<br />

• Japanese-American citizens, living in San Diego County on February 19th are<br />

taken to the Oceanside train depot with only one suitcase each not knowing where<br />

they are going. Due to the Civilian Exclusion Order 9060, these local citizens are<br />

transported to an internment camp in Poston, Arizona for the duration of WWII.<br />

• Electricity comes to Olivenhain.<br />

• Noah’s Ark Cafe is a favorite attraction on the northwest bluff of Leucadia. It is<br />

created by George H. Herbert to resemble an ark <strong>and</strong> is flanked by several large<br />

plywood animal shapes, colorfully painted with reflectors for eyes, that are<br />

placed all over the entire hillside. Unfortunately, it is demolished in 1962.<br />

C h a p t e r 5 F 5 3

G<br />

Top: Security check points were<br />

common during the war years along<br />

all highways.<br />

Bottom: The San Dieguito High School<br />

was built in 1936/37 <strong>and</strong> dedicated<br />

on June 11. The structure for<br />

education at the high school was<br />

redesigned in 1996 as the San<br />

Dieguito Academy. It has been ranked<br />

number 74 of the 1,840 California<br />

public high schools.<br />

H O W E N C I N I T A S G O T I T S N A M E<br />

In 1669 Governor of Baja California Gaspar de Portola was traveling throughout the San<br />

Diego area. His plan was to build so-called presidios, where the population could learn <strong>and</strong><br />

attend religious service. The expedition was traveling through what was later to become<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>. During his travels he names the area of <strong>Encinitas</strong> or the small oak tree, giving us the<br />

original name of Encina Cañada, which translated from Spanish means ‘Hills of Live Oak.” Over<br />

time, it became known as <strong>Encinitas</strong>, which means “Little Live Oaks.”<br />

5 4 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

G<br />

Top: <strong>Encinitas</strong>’ first post office was colocated<br />

with the <strong>Encinitas</strong> General<br />

Merch<strong>and</strong>ise Store. Cash-only.<br />

Bottom: Payne Cleaners Original<br />

cleaners built in 1937. It was sold in<br />

1946 <strong>and</strong> is still the longest<br />

continuous cleaning business in San<br />

Diego County.<br />

C h a p t e r 5 F 5 5

G<br />

Top: Navy sailors enjoying a day at<br />

Moonlight Beach. Note 5th Street<br />

heading north in the background.<br />

Bottom: Looking south along the coast<br />

highway with the lotus towers of the<br />

Self-Realization Fellowship Hermitage<br />

<strong>and</strong> Ashram Center in the distance.<br />

The Texaco gas station was one of<br />

many service stations that dotted the<br />

coast highway.<br />

5 6 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

G<br />

Top: The Aubry Austin Building, still<br />

housing the La Paloma Theater, has<br />

been home to many businesses,<br />

including restaurants <strong>and</strong> bars. For<br />

years it was the Bank of America.<br />

Bottom: The corner of E Street <strong>and</strong><br />

Highway 101. Looking north along<br />

the coast highway in the distance is<br />

the original “Christmas Tree”,<br />

adorned during the holidays by the<br />

local fire department.<br />

C h a p t e r 5 F 5 7

G<br />

Top: Moonlight Beach, c. the 1940s.<br />

Note the old lifeguard tower that<br />

stood until the early 1970s.<br />

Middle: The Hammond Family,<br />

December 31st, 1934.<br />

Bottom: View looking southeast at the<br />

very early Cardiff-By-the-Sea from<br />

the Golden Lotus Temple at the Self-<br />

Realization Fellowship .<br />

5 8 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

CHAPTER 6<br />

S U R F ’ S U P : 1 9 5 0 - 1 9 7 9<br />

In the 1940s <strong>and</strong> 1950s, surfing took root in <strong>Encinitas</strong>. Back then, surfers surfed for love of<br />

surfing. Surfing competitively evolved in the 60s with the growth of local surf clubs like Swami’s<br />

Surfing Association <strong>and</strong> Windansea Surf Club, producing world class surfers like Rusty Miller.<br />

Surfing has forever changed the culture of <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

With the opening of Interstate 5 in 1966, the region opened up like never before. <strong>People</strong> from<br />

outside the region started to discover <strong>Encinitas</strong>, leading to development changing the community<br />

forever, starting with Village Park. The population swelled. The surf culture was further celebrated<br />

by the start of the Wavecrest Woodie Meet in 1979, now in its 40th year.<br />

G<br />

The original train station, built in<br />

1887/88 is closed in 1969. It is bought<br />

<strong>and</strong> moved from its original location<br />

to Leucadia. The building was<br />

restored <strong>and</strong> is now the Pannikin<br />

Coffee <strong>and</strong> Tea House.<br />

C h a p t e r 6 F 5 9

1950ish ä<br />

1952 ä<br />

• Jim Truax <strong>and</strong> Harry “Hodie” Zimmerman were among the first locals to take<br />

up the sport of surfing. Hodie’s family opened up Zim’s Diner, later to be<br />

known as the Coffee Mill, then <strong>Encinitas</strong> Café. Both Hodie <strong>and</strong> Jim were<br />

graduates of San Dieguito.<br />

• San Elijo Bluff referred for a time as the “gypsy camp” is acquired by the<br />

County of San Diego. Construction begins in 1966 <strong>and</strong> is now the popular<br />

San Elijo Campground, operated by the State of California.<br />

G<br />

Top: <strong>Encinitas</strong> First Street from<br />

D to E Street. Over the years other<br />

building tenants have included<br />

Lou’s Records, Reder Insurance,<br />

Detour Salon, a yoga studio, <strong>and</strong><br />

a laundromat.<br />



Below: Jim Truax (front row, far<br />

left) <strong>and</strong> Hodie Zimmerman (Front<br />

row second from left)—Early<br />

Surf Pioneers.<br />

6 0 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

1953 ä • Second Heritage Tree (406 4th St.) is planted by Ben Danforth <strong>and</strong> sons, Peter<br />

<strong>and</strong> John, for his wife, Jane, as a Christmas present. This Norfolk Isl<strong>and</strong> Pine<br />

is often referred to as a Star Pine. In 1994 local citizen, Luis Ortiz, starts<br />

decorating the tree for the holidays. In 2015 the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society<br />

joined in helping to assure the community that the tree will be celebrated<br />

yearly on the first Friday of December.<br />

• Roy’s Market (1144 N. Highway 101) is built by Gerard E. Roy in October. The<br />

3,500 square foot building, made of sturdy cinder block, serves a vital need in<br />

the Leucadia area. Mr. Roy is the butcher <strong>and</strong> also delivers groceries to shut-ins.<br />

Greyhound bus tickets are also sold at the market. It is a family operation.<br />

• Pacific View Elementary School (608 3rd St) opens. These mid-century<br />

modern classrooms replace the Mission School. It is a functioning school<br />

until 2003. Currently (2019) it is being renovated by the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Arts<br />

Culture <strong>and</strong> Ecology Alliance (EACEA) <strong>and</strong> the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society.<br />

G<br />

Above: Luis Ortez, began decorating<br />

the Heritage Tree in 1994.<br />

Below, left: Peter Danforth, one of the<br />

brothers who planted the now 100’<br />

tall Heritage Tree, working at his<br />

parent’s store, the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Market,<br />

c. 1954-55.<br />

C h a p t e r 6 F 6 1

1954 ä<br />

1956 ä<br />

• Hammond Family’s Sunset Ranch (Saxony Road) is sold to Paul Ecke Sr. <strong>and</strong><br />

his wife Magdelena, exp<strong>and</strong>ing their farming operations by 300 acres.<br />

Farmers are growing a variety of flowers throughout <strong>Encinitas</strong> such as:<br />

begonias, orchids, carnations, roses, gladioli <strong>and</strong> chrysanthemums help<br />

make this area “The Flower Capital of the World.”<br />

• Leucadia Post Office (1160 North Coast Highway 101 & Phoebe) is built.<br />

Gerard Roy, owner of Roy’s Market, is approached by the US Postal Service to<br />

build a specified-set-of-plans to which in-turn grant him a long-term lease to<br />

operate a new post office. Leucadia still has their own local post office.<br />

G<br />

Top, right: The Ecke Ranch is sold to<br />

Magdalena <strong>and</strong> Paul Ecke Senior<br />

exp<strong>and</strong>ing their farming operation<br />

in 1945.<br />

Bottom, left: The Leucadia Post Office<br />

in 1963.<br />

Bottom, right: The last days of Noah’s<br />

Ark before its demolition in 1962.<br />

1957 ä • Ruth Baird Larabee, an avid plant collector <strong>and</strong> naturalist, donates twentyfive<br />

acres of l<strong>and</strong> to the County of San Diego as a park <strong>and</strong> wildlife sanctuary.<br />

Originally called El Rancho de las Flores, then Quail Park, later Quail<br />

Botanical Gardens <strong>and</strong> now officially San Diego Botanic Gardens.<br />

• Fire Station One opens on the corner of 2nd <strong>and</strong> “C” Streets. In 1927 the<br />

citizens of <strong>Encinitas</strong> petition the county supervisors for a fire station. It is<br />

declined. Eighteen years later in 1945 they get approval. Finally, the first fire<br />

station is built <strong>and</strong> is still fully operational today.<br />

6 2 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

H I S T O R I C<br />

“ O L D ” E N C I N I T A S<br />

Cottonwood Creek was the life blood of <strong>Encinitas</strong>. Now dedicated as an historic natural creek it is permanently recognized. This is<br />

what started our little town as the steam locomotives needed to stop to refill their supply of fresh water. Small scrub oaks, encinitos,<br />

were cut to add fuel for the engines. There were only eleven people living here, mostly Chinese rail workers, when the Hammond Family<br />

arrived <strong>and</strong> doubled the population. A school was one of their first projects. Hotels, eateries, homes <strong>and</strong> businesses sprang up quickly<br />

as the word spread that this area was indeed a good place to live. A strong sense of community support was inherent to the people of<br />

that time that can still be felt today. The railroad played a vital part as towns across America, especially in the west, were being created.<br />

It was a great time for a new life <strong>and</strong> a fresh start in the “wild west”. Ranchers <strong>and</strong> farmers struggled to make a go of it. Many failed <strong>and</strong><br />

moved on, but to this day descendants of those hardy newcomers still live in the area.<br />

1959 ä<br />

The Late ä<br />

1950s ä<br />

• Poinsettia Heights Tract Homes changed the topography <strong>and</strong> population of<br />

Cardiff-by-the-Sea. The hills just east of I-5 soon become dotted with tract homes.<br />

• The first traffic signals were installed on Highway 101 at D <strong>and</strong> E Streets<br />

G<br />

Downtown corner of Coast Highway<br />

<strong>and</strong> D Street prior to installation of<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>’ first traffic signals.<br />

1960 ä<br />

• Ada Harris School (1508 Windsor Road, Cardiff-by-the-Sea) is built in honor<br />

of their favorite teacher <strong>and</strong> principal.<br />

• Rancho Coastal Humane Society (389 Requeza St.) is started by German<br />

immigrant Maria K. Lloyd. During WWII she witnessed the suffering of not<br />

only people but animals as well, following the Nazi invasion. Her goal is to<br />

care for the homeless animal population <strong>and</strong> to educate the public about pet<br />

over-population <strong>and</strong> responsible companion animal care.<br />

• Population is 2,786.<br />

• Vulcan Square Shopping Center is built on the hill above Vulcan Avenue<br />

between “D” & “E” Streets. This location is currently the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Civic Center.<br />

C h a p t e r 6 F 6 3

1961 ä<br />

• Elks Lodge #2243 has occupied 1393 Windsor Road, Cardiff-by-the-Sea<br />

since it was chartered on the 24th of November.<br />

• Olivenhain Municipal Water District (1966 Olivenhain Road) is completed <strong>and</strong><br />

water is now available to the Olivenhain Valley. OMWD President Alvin<br />

Wieg<strong>and</strong>, then 74 years old, turns the main water valve feeding an ample supply<br />

of water to the thirsty valley. Large estates <strong>and</strong> stables now cover the hillsides.<br />

• Hansen Surfboard Shop is opened by Don Hansen in a shack in Cardiff-bythe<br />

Sea, near Cardiff reef on Highway 101.<br />

G<br />

Above: World Champion Surfer <strong>and</strong><br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> local, Rusty Miller surfing<br />

at Wiamea Bay.<br />

1962 ä<br />

• The Christmas Parade begins as an annual event, which stopped in 1990 because<br />

of lack of funds. It resumes in 1994, sponsored by the City of <strong>Encinitas</strong>.The<br />

parade originally was along 2nd Street during the day. Now the Holiday Parade,<br />

is on the first Saturday of December during the early evening hours.<br />

1963 ä<br />

• Caldwell’s Antiques (1234 N. Hwy 101) opens by owner Charles K. Caldwell.<br />

• Chamber of Commerce in Cardiff-by-the-Sea is officially established.<br />

• <strong>Encinitas</strong> Hospital first opened. Founded by Dr. Charles Clark, Dr. Ronald<br />

Summers, Dr. Dwight Cook <strong>and</strong> Herman “Pop” Wieg<strong>and</strong>.<br />

• Rusty Miller is crowned world surfing champion by the World Surfing<br />

Federation. Rusty was a local surfing favorite <strong>and</strong> lifeguard at Moonlight Beach<br />

in the 1960s. Rusty moved to <strong>Encinitas</strong> at age 5 <strong>and</strong> started surfing at age 10.<br />

1965 ä<br />

• Besta Wan Pizza House (148 Aberdeen) is opened by the Corder Family on<br />

March 12th. It is still there today with parking <strong>and</strong> a “play” area in front.<br />

• Pacific View Elementary School Exp<strong>and</strong>s to 2.8 acres when the school district<br />

purchases two houses on the south side for a larger playground area.<br />

• Lake Val Sereno is purchased <strong>and</strong> constructs the ill-fated “lake front homes”.<br />

6 4 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

• Local <strong>Encinitas</strong> surfer, Danielle Corn, was a last-minute replacement to join<br />

Mike Doyle to compete in the Makaha World T<strong>and</strong>em Surfing Championship<br />

on Oahu, Hawaii. With limited time to practice, Danielle <strong>and</strong> Mike went on<br />

to win the competition..<br />

G<br />

Top, left: Danielle Corn <strong>and</strong> Mike<br />

Doyle at the World T<strong>and</strong>em Surfing<br />

Championship in Oahu, Hawaii.<br />

1966 ä<br />

• Interstate I-5 Freeway is completed.<br />

• Boys & Girls Club of San Dieguito (1221 <strong>Encinitas</strong> Blvd) opens in <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

in a donated temporary building.<br />

• <strong>Encinitas</strong> Branch Library (540 Cornish Dr.), proudly opens its modern 4,100<br />

square foot round facility.<br />

Bottom left: The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Hospital at<br />

Santa Fe ribbon-cutting Ceremony,<br />

October 24, 1963. From Left to right:<br />

Dr. Hughes, Dr. Cook, Dr. Clark, <strong>and</strong><br />

Dr. Summers.<br />

1967 ä<br />

• Snow on December 13th falls in <strong>Encinitas</strong>. Prior reported snowfall was in 1933.<br />

Bottom, right: The Freeway 5 ribbon<br />

cutting ceremony, June 21, 1966.<br />

C h a p t e r 6 F 6 5

G<br />

Above: Local Leucadians gather to<br />

install the Leucadia welcome sign.<br />


Right: Moonlight Beach, c. the 1960s.<br />

Note the old boardwalk connecting the<br />

beach south to north.<br />

1969 ä<br />

c. 1970 ä<br />

• VG Donut & Bakery (106 Aberdeen) opens in the new strip mall in Cardiffby-the-Sea.<br />

Still owned by the Metee family, this l<strong>and</strong>mark business is now an<br />

icon, providing the community with “very good” donuts.<br />

• YMCA (200 Saxony Road) begins construction on the first five-acre plot of l<strong>and</strong><br />

donated from the Ecke Family. In 1988 the Ecke Family donates additional l<strong>and</strong><br />

for a total of 20 acres to become the “Magdelena Ecke Family YMCA”.<br />

• Village Park started developing tract homes, apartments <strong>and</strong> duplexes in the<br />

eastern portion of <strong>Encinitas</strong>, replacing the area that was our city dump <strong>and</strong> a<br />

prosperous bee keeping business. The last phase was completed in c.1985.<br />

6 6 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

1970 ä<br />

• <strong>Encinitas</strong> Train Station/Pannikin Coffee & Tea House (510 N. Coast Highway<br />

101) is started in the original train station building which was closed in 1969.<br />

The building is sold for $1 but has to be moved to its present location costing<br />

$35,000. John Henderson was the architect that restored the building. It is<br />

initially an arts <strong>and</strong> crafts shop. Today it remains a popular local gathering spot.<br />

• Quail Park (Quail Gardens Rd.) opens the Larabee l<strong>and</strong> to the public by the<br />

County of San Diego. It quickly became a popular tourist attraction.<br />

• Cap’n Kenos (158 North Highway 101) was originally built in 1929. This<br />

building has morphed over time <strong>and</strong> has historically been the Kolb’s Drive-<br />

In, owned <strong>and</strong> operated by Aubrey Austin, who built the La Paloma Theater<br />

complex <strong>and</strong> Moonlight Beach bathhouse. It has also been the Vienna Villa,<br />

Shamrock Cafe <strong>and</strong> El Rancho Restaurant. Gerry Sova buys the business <strong>and</strong><br />

for only a few months calls it “The Green Apple.” Gerry runs the bar <strong>and</strong><br />

restaurant as well as cooks <strong>and</strong> serves tables. Today this l<strong>and</strong>mark local<br />

treasure is still “hoppin.”<br />

• Population is 5,375.<br />

G<br />

Above: “Locals” enjoy a winter day at<br />

Moonlight Beach. Note the<br />

playground looking south.<br />

Below: Young local surfers descend<br />

the stairs at Swamis Point to catch a<br />

few waves.<br />

C h a p t e r 6 F 6 7

G<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Magazine featured article Stone Steps Surf Contest 1975, by photojournalist <strong>and</strong> <strong>Encinitas</strong> local Kyle Thomas.<br />


6 8 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

S T O N E<br />

S T E P S<br />

I N V I T A T I O N A L S U R F I N G C O N T E S T<br />

If you grew up <strong>and</strong> lived in <strong>Encinitas</strong> from 1967 to 1979, the Stone Steps<br />

Invitational Surfing Contest was an event that you just didn’t want to miss.<br />

It was the Woodstock of <strong>Encinitas</strong>—Music—Beer—Big crowds—<br />

There was just nothing else like it.<br />

If you hadn’t seen a local <strong>Encinitas</strong> friend or two for a while, you were<br />

guaranteed to run across them here, on this day. If you didn’t, it was<br />

because they were either in the hospital, in jail, or had died.<br />

The contest was a huge, challenging event to organize <strong>and</strong> set up. It<br />

was not sanctioned by the State of California, which had jurisdiction<br />

over beach access, making it illegal, <strong>and</strong> therefore had to be set up in<br />

secret under the cover-of-darkness the night before the event.<br />

Everything had to be walked down the stairs—all 100 kegs of beer.<br />

The b<strong>and</strong> stage had to be carried down, along with the speakers <strong>and</strong><br />

everything else it would take to put on the party.<br />

The rules of the contest were simple: When the starting gun goes off<br />

signaling the beginning of your heat, you have to guzzle a resin bucket<br />

full of beer—then go surf. The winner of the heat goes on to drink more<br />

beer <strong>and</strong> surf more heats, until finally, from the last group st<strong>and</strong>ing—<br />

<strong>and</strong> that can still surf, a “winner” is selected.<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> historian <strong>and</strong> Stone Steps contest organizer John Peugh sums<br />

it up quite nicely when he says, “This thing was started purely to have fun.<br />

It wasn’t about who won, or if it was, you wouldn’t be drinking all that beer<br />

before you went out into the water!”<br />

G<br />

Top, right <strong>and</strong> bottom: The Stone<br />

Steps surfing contest gained<br />

popularity in the 1960s as interest<br />

in surfing exploded.<br />


C h a p t e r 6 F 6 9

G<br />

Top: Moonlight Beach looking north.<br />

Note the playground equipment <strong>and</strong><br />

picnic pavilion at left.<br />

Right: Moonlight Beach, c. the 1960s<br />

looking south. Note the Lifeguard<br />

Tower along the Boardwalk. Local<br />

surfing legend Rusty Miller served as<br />

a lifeguard here in the mid-1960s.<br />



1975 ä<br />

1976 ä<br />

1977 ä<br />

1979 ä<br />

• La Asociacion de Charros de <strong>Encinitas</strong> is formally chartered. The event<br />

celebrated life on the great l<strong>and</strong> ranchos before California became a state.<br />

• Mira Costa Community College (3333 Manchester Ave.) purchases 42 acres<br />

for the Cardiff-by-the-Sea campus that was dedicated in 1988.<br />

• La Especial Norte (664 N. Highway 101) is opened by Angel & Matilde Salazar.<br />

• Greek Orthodox Church (3459 Manchester Ave.) is built but not consecrated<br />

until June 2001. Known as “the Church with the Shining Cross” as the sun<br />

adds a serendipitous cross that shines a reflection on the gilded dome.<br />

• Wavecrest Woodie Meet has their first gathering in the parking lot at<br />

Moonlight Beach. San Diego Woodies continue to meet in September every<br />

year at 4th <strong>and</strong> “B” Streets. September 2019 celebrates their 40th year.<br />

7 0 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

L I N D A<br />

B E N S O N<br />

The life of the surfer girl who grew up on<br />

Dewitt Street in <strong>Encinitas</strong>, Linda Benson,<br />

has been remarkable. In 1959 at age 15,<br />

Linda was not only the first woman to win<br />

the first national surfing contest held in the<br />

US at the West Coast Championships in<br />

Huntington Beach, but is also credited to be<br />

the first woman to ride the legendary big<br />

waves of Waimea Bay. That same year she<br />

became the youngest contestant ever, to<br />

enter the International Surfing Contest at<br />

Makaha, which she won.<br />

Linda continued competing for 10 years<br />

winning the women’s 1960 <strong>and</strong> 1961 West<br />

Coast Championships <strong>and</strong> the women’s<br />

1964 <strong>and</strong> 1968 US Surfing Championships.<br />

Winning over twenty first-place surfing<br />

titles from 1959 to 1969, Linda was discovered<br />

by Hollywood <strong>and</strong> acted as Annette Funicello’s<br />

C h a p t e r 6 F 7 1

G<br />

Article reprint courtesy of <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Magazine Editor in Chief Chris Cote.<br />






surfing double in the “Beach Party” films, <strong>and</strong><br />

as Deborah Walley’s surfing double in Gidget<br />

Goes Hawaiian. She appeared in Bud Browne<br />

<strong>and</strong> John Severson films, <strong>and</strong> she was in the<br />

first Surfer Magazine in 1960. She was also the<br />

first woman to grace the cover of a surfing<br />

magazine, Surf Guide 1963.<br />

Reflecting back, Linda remembers getting<br />

her first surfboard. “When I was eleven,<br />

there was a water-soaked balsa board for sale<br />

for $20.00 <strong>and</strong> my Dad let me get it.”<br />

“John Elwell was one of the lifeguards at<br />

Moonlight Beach,” Linda recounts. “He<br />

really took a lot of us under his wing—<br />

Rusty Miller, my friend Nikki <strong>and</strong> myself.”<br />

“<strong>Our</strong> parents drove us on the weekends<br />

to Swamis. We walked to the beach in the<br />

summertime. We could be down there as<br />

long as the lifeguards were there. So<br />

grateful to have parents that let us do that.<br />

They trusted me. When wintertime came<br />

then everyone went to Swamis. “So the<br />

weekends, my parents <strong>and</strong> Nicky’s parents<br />

took turns driving us to Swami’s <strong>and</strong> that’s<br />

where we were all weekend.”<br />

If you ask Linda today what her<br />

philosophy on life is, she’ll tell you, “Keep<br />

on paddling!”<br />

7 2 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

CHAPTER 7<br />

I N C O R P O R A T E D ! E N C I N I T A S G R O W S U P : 1 9 8 0 - 1 9 9 9<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> <strong>and</strong> the surrounding area continue to grow. By the vote of the people, Cardiff, Historic<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>, New <strong>Encinitas</strong>, Leucadia <strong>and</strong> Olivenhain become one city, leading to the community incorporating<br />

<strong>and</strong> exercising self-governance. As our community rapidly moves ahead the <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Historical Society is formed, followed by the San Dieguito Heritage Museum to collect <strong>and</strong> save our<br />

history. San Elijo Lagoon Conservancy is created to protect this vital area as one of the last remaining<br />

California coastal wetl<strong>and</strong>s. Downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong> Mainstreet Association fulfills the requirements to<br />

join the National Mainstreet Association to assist in advancing our historical 101 business district.<br />

Later, Leucadia <strong>and</strong> Cardiff are also accepted. Cottonwood Creek is recognized on the National<br />

Registry of Historic Places, along with Indian Head Canyon.<br />

G<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> aerial photo looking north<br />

from Swamis Point.<br />

C h a p t e r 7 F 7 3

G<br />

Above: The San Dieguito Heritage<br />

Museum sets its final roots on Quail<br />

Gardens Drive. Established in 1988,<br />

it has been housed in many locations.<br />

This locally focused museum collects<br />

<strong>and</strong> displays objects <strong>and</strong> buildings<br />

from <strong>Encinitas</strong>’ past.<br />

Below: San Elijo Lagoon on a classic<br />

misty morning looking southeast.<br />


1980 ä<br />

• Value Fair & Vons Shopping Center (c.1960 at 2000 block of San Elijo Ave). in<br />

Cardiff-by-the-Sea is demolished making way for the new Cardiff Town Center.<br />

• Friends of the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Library is founded. The Friends play a vital role in<br />

raising money <strong>and</strong> advocating the need for a larger facility.<br />

• Teten House (450 Quail Gardens Dr.) is moved by the San Dieguito Heritage<br />

Museum to its permanent location. Extensive rehabilitation <strong>and</strong> restoration efforts<br />

commence. It is now complete <strong>and</strong> open to the public on the museum property.<br />

• <strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society (390 West F St.) originally the Leucadia-<strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Historical Society is incorporated. “The mission of the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical<br />

Society is to collect, archive <strong>and</strong> preserve the many documents, photos, videos<br />

<strong>and</strong> oral histories that shape our heritage, <strong>and</strong> to maintain the health <strong>and</strong><br />

integrity of the oldest building in the City, the 1883 One-Room Schoolhouse.”<br />

• Population is 36,550.<br />

7 4 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

1982 ä<br />

1983 ä<br />

• The Lumberyard Center (700-1000 blocks of Coast Highway 101) in<br />

downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong> is built using a railroad-style architecture.<br />

• Downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong> Merchants Association is formed to aid <strong>and</strong> promote<br />

businesses along Coast Highway 101 in downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong>. In 1988 the<br />

organization is granted the National Mainstreet Association status. It later<br />

becomes known as Downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong> Mainstreet Association “DEMA.”<br />

Currently nicknamed as E-101, they also manage the street fairs twice a year.<br />

• San Elijo Lagoon Conservancy (2710 Manchester Ave.) started by a small group<br />

of concerned citizens to save the lagoon, is formally dedicated to the public. This<br />

important lagoon is one of the few remaining coastal wetl<strong>and</strong>s in the state as it is<br />

the terminus of the Escondido Creek. The lagoon is 915 acres with over seven<br />

miles of hiking trails <strong>and</strong> a 5,600-square-foot Nature Center. Prior to the 1970s,<br />

developers were proposing to replace the lagoon with condominiums, a marina<br />

<strong>and</strong> a water park. It is now jointly managed by the San Diego County Department<br />

of Parks <strong>and</strong> Recreation, the Department of Fish <strong>and</strong> Wildlife <strong>and</strong> supported by<br />

the San Elijo Lagoon Conservancy who bought the l<strong>and</strong> in 2012.<br />

G<br />

Above: Citizens of all five districts<br />

vote to create one city: <strong>Encinitas</strong>, on<br />

October 1, 1986. The first <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

City Council members to be elected<br />

are, (from left to right): Greg Luke,<br />

Marjorie Gaines, Rick Shea, Gerald<br />

Steel, <strong>and</strong> Anne Omsted.<br />

Bottom, right: The Lumberyard<br />

Shopping Center was built in 1982<br />

in a railroad-style architecture as<br />

this area was literally the lumber<br />

yard during the early boom years,<br />

as well as the site of the Mid-Winter<br />

Flower Festival.<br />

C h a p t e r 7 F 7 5

G<br />

Top: The 1883 schoolhouse nearing its<br />

final resting place on West F Street.<br />

The one-room schoolhouse is moved<br />

back to close to it’s original site in<br />

1983, only 100 feet from where it first<br />

served the community. Saved by the<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society, the<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Elementary School board<br />

approves it’s location on the<br />

south/west corner of the active Pacific<br />

View Elementary School.<br />

Bottom: The original wooden railroad<br />

trestles that ran between Cardiff-bythe-Sea<br />

<strong>and</strong> Solana Beach over the San<br />

Elijo Lagoon. The new double tracking<br />

project was completed in 2021.<br />


1984 ä<br />

1986 ä<br />

• The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society works quickly to save the original 1883 oneroom<br />

schoolhouse from demolition. Bud Fisher offers the building to the<br />

Society. The Society is granted a small leased section in the southwest corner<br />

of the Pacific View Elementary School property at 390 West F Street. The<br />

schoolhouse is bought on April 13th for $1 but costs $2,300 to move.<br />

• Quail Park (Quail Gardens Dr.) changes its name to Quail Botanical Garden.<br />

• Friends of the Cardiff Library is formed.<br />

• The City of <strong>Encinitas</strong> on October 1st is created when five small uniquely<br />

individual communities become a city. Three prospective names were on the<br />

ballot; Rancho San Elijo, San Dieguito <strong>and</strong> of course <strong>Encinitas</strong>. Community<br />

activist, Marjorie Gaines, is appointed first mayor of the newly incorporated city.<br />

The Civic Center it is now permanently located at 505 South Vulcan Ave.<br />

7 6 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

C A L I F O R N I A<br />

S U R F<br />

M U S E U M G E T S I T S S T A R T<br />

I N E N C I N I T A S<br />

Stuart Resor, an <strong>Encinitas</strong> resident <strong>and</strong><br />

surfer, says…”I got the idea to start preserving<br />

our surf history when I saw Woody Ekstrom<br />

walking down the beach at Gr<strong>and</strong> View in<br />

Leucadia. It suddenly seemed to me that the<br />

early days of surfing were slipping behind us<br />

<strong>and</strong> if he <strong>and</strong> others were interested, we could<br />

display old surfboards <strong>and</strong> photographs for<br />

future generations to see.”<br />

In February 1986, after an article<br />

appeared in The Coast Dispatch <strong>and</strong> The<br />

Citizen newspapers, several interested<br />

people came together at George’s<br />

Restaurant on Coast Highway in <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

to discuss forming a surf museum.<br />

The dozen or so people who showed up<br />

for that first meeting became the founding<br />

board, a mix of men <strong>and</strong> women, surfers<br />

<strong>and</strong> non-surfers, connected by an avid<br />

interest in surfing <strong>and</strong> a desire to collect its<br />

history for the enjoyment of generations to<br />

come. The founding members were Mike<br />

Cates, June Chocheles, Don Fine, Steve<br />

George, Kevin Kinnear, Parry Payne, Stuart<br />

Resor, Jane Schmauss, Ian Urquhart, <strong>and</strong><br />

Catherine Woolsey.<br />

G<br />

The most famous exhibit at the<br />

museum is the story of Bethany<br />

Hamilton losing her left arm to a tiger<br />

shark while surfing at Tunnels Beach<br />

on Kauai, how she survived that<br />

attack to not only recover from the<br />

incident, but returned to competitive<br />

surfing—<strong>and</strong> she continues to do well<br />

in surfing contests around the world.<br />

Her story <strong>and</strong> her positive outlook on<br />

life have caused her to be in dem<strong>and</strong><br />

as a motivational speaker. The exhibit<br />

features the surfboard Bethany was<br />

riding on that fateful Halloween day<br />

in 2003, the bathing suit she was<br />

wearing, featured in the documentary<br />

Heart of a Soul Surfer.<br />

C h a p t e r 7 F 7 7

7 8 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e<br />

The California Surf Museum took shape<br />

as a small display of surfboards <strong>and</strong> surf<br />

collectibles at George’s Restaurant, owned<br />

by Jane Schmauss, in 1986. The restaurant<br />

was open 7 days a week <strong>and</strong> had a little<br />

corner alcove dedicated to promoting the<br />

museum concept. The Board voted to use<br />

the name “California Surf Museum” after<br />

discussing the merits of the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Surf<br />

Museum, the North County Surfing<br />

Museum, <strong>and</strong> numerous other names,<br />

believing that the broader term would one<br />

day link to a string of museums up <strong>and</strong><br />

down the coast, such as the “California Surf<br />

Museum, Ventura,” <strong>and</strong> the like.<br />

After many months of organizing <strong>and</strong><br />

putting together a logo design contest (won<br />

by Ed Nava), <strong>Encinitas</strong> businessman Paul<br />

Rotsheck offered the fledgling California<br />

Surf Museum free space in his newly built<br />

Moonlight Plaza, on the corner of <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Boulevard <strong>and</strong> the Coast Highway. CSM<br />

mounted its first exhibit, “Surfing: Trestles<br />

to Tourmaline,” on August 13, 1988, with a<br />

gr<strong>and</strong> opening September 28, 1988.<br />

The surf museum found its new home in<br />

Oceanside, California, in 1996.

1987 ä<br />

• Indian Head Canyon (north Saxony) is saved from developers when several<br />

dedicated citizens gather to support the purchase of these 60 acres. The goal is<br />

to save this lush canyon as open space <strong>and</strong> stop the planned tract of 300 homes.<br />

After a long eleven-year struggle, the city, along with the assistance of the<br />

California Conservation Corp, joins to officially declare it public l<strong>and</strong> in 1998.<br />

• Coast News started in the garage of Jim Kydd on September 17. It is currently<br />

in publication, with Chris Kydd, Jim’s son, as the current publisher.<br />

G<br />

These iconic boathouses built by Miles<br />

Justus Kellogg in 1927/28 were placed<br />

on the National Register of Historic<br />

Places in October 2019.<br />

1988 ä<br />

• Downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong> Mainstreet Association (DEMA) is officially awarded<br />

membership into the National Mainstreet Association.<br />

• The San Dieguito Heritage Museum is created. This locally focused museum<br />

collects <strong>and</strong> displays objects that represent everyday life of the pioneers <strong>and</strong><br />

their families. Interactive exhibits <strong>and</strong> representatives of different cultures make<br />

the past come alive in <strong>and</strong> around these historic buildings. The museum is now<br />

permanently located on 1.2 acres on Quail Gardens Drive. The property is<br />

leased from the City of <strong>Encinitas</strong> for $1 per year for fifty-five years.<br />

C h a p t e r 7 F 7 9

G<br />

Above: <strong>Encinitas</strong> <strong>and</strong> Amakusa,<br />

Japan, have been sister cities<br />

since 1988.<br />

Below, left: Coast Highway between<br />

D <strong>and</strong> E Streets with the old Detour<br />

Salon, Beach & Town Liquor,<br />

<strong>and</strong> Flashbacks<br />

Below, right: <strong>Encinitas</strong> Child located<br />

near the Cottonwood Creek overlook.<br />

This bronze statue welcomes visitors<br />

to the downtown area.<br />

1988 ä<br />

1989 ä<br />

1990 ä<br />

• A Sister City relationship with Hondo, Japan, Kumamoto prefecture was<br />

officially established. In this area of Japan, the government combines several<br />

small communities (like <strong>Encinitas</strong> in 1986) <strong>and</strong> is renamed Amakusa on March<br />

27, 2006. Many cultural exchanges have taken place with students, fire fighters,<br />

medical personnel <strong>and</strong> government officials. There is a mile marker at the base<br />

of 2rd <strong>and</strong> “B” Streets that show the miles to our Sister City as 6,129 miles.<br />

• Swami’s Beach sign is erected at Swami’s Point by the Swami’s Surf Association.<br />

• Moonlight Beach supervision <strong>and</strong> maintenance is taken over by the City of<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> from the state. Local lifeguards are hired.<br />

• Population is 55,386.<br />

8 0 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

1991 ä<br />

• Cottonwood Creek (Hwy 101 <strong>and</strong> “B” Street) is recognized <strong>and</strong> placed on the<br />

National Registry of Historic Places on August 5th spearheaded by Ida Lou<br />

Coley. Cottonwood Creek is the key reason <strong>Encinitas</strong> became a town. It was<br />

the first town between National City <strong>and</strong> Oceanside to spring up along the<br />

western section of San Diego county. From 1881 to 1920, Cottonwood Creek<br />

served not only as the main water source for the growing community but<br />

provided the much-needed water to run the steam locomotives.<br />

• Vulcan Square Shopping Center, (505 S. Vulcan Ave) built in 1960 is sold to<br />

the City of <strong>Encinitas</strong> to remodel as the new <strong>Encinitas</strong> Civic Center (City Hall).<br />

1992 ä<br />

• North County Transit District (NCTD) buys the Santa Fe Rail Line from San<br />

Diego to Oceanside.<br />

1993 ä<br />

1994 ä<br />

• The Olivenhain Town Hall (423 Rancho Santa Fe Rd.) is placed on the<br />

National Register of Historic Places.<br />

• The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Heritage Tree is adorned for the Holiday Season for the first time by<br />

Luis Ortiz. In 2011, the tree was officially protected as a Heritage Tree by the City<br />

of <strong>Encinitas</strong>. In 2015, the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society became the official sponsor<br />

of the lighting ceremony. Luis continues leading the lighting of the tree to this day.<br />

G<br />

Below, left:Veteran’s Memorial<br />

Cottonwood Creek Park.<br />

Below, right: An Egret in the San<br />

Elijo Lagoon<br />


C h a p t e r 7 F 8 1

G<br />

Top: San Diego Botanic Garden.<br />

Quail Botanical Gardens changed it’s<br />

name to San Diego Botanic Gardens<br />

in 2009. It is one of the worlds best<br />

known established gardens providing<br />

cuttings, plants <strong>and</strong> seeds to other<br />

gardens throughout the world.<br />

Bottom: The Leucadia Welcome Sign.<br />

Members of the Leucadia Town<br />

Council spruce up <strong>and</strong> replant the area<br />

around the Welcome Sign at the north<br />

entrance along the coast highway.<br />

1995 ä<br />

1997 ä<br />

• Coaster Commuter Train has its inaugural run from Oceanside to the<br />

downtown San Diego Santa Fe Depot on February 27th.<br />

• Machado Surf Classic has its inaugural surf competition in late summer at<br />

Cardiff State Beach <strong>and</strong> is sponsored by the Cardiff Chamber of Commerce.<br />

In 2002 the event name is changed to Hansen/Machado Surf Professional<br />

Event, sanctioned by the Association of Surfing Professionals (ASP).<br />

• La Bajada Bridge over the Escondido Creek connecting <strong>Encinitas</strong> to Rancho Santa<br />

Fe officially opened. This area consistently flooded during the rainy season.<br />

• 1883 One-Room Schoolhouse (390 West “F”) in December is now fully restored<br />

<strong>and</strong> open to the public. Total cost, along with many volunteer hours, is $17,000.<br />

• Carpentier Parkway (the “front garden” between Birmingham & Chesterfield)<br />

is named after Orville & Jessica Carpentier. A statue is erected in the image<br />

of the late Wayne Holden, a Cardiff-by-the-Sea community activist.<br />

8 2 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

1998 ä<br />

1999 ä<br />

• Indian Head Canyon along the north end of Saxony Road in Leucadia, with<br />

the addition of donated l<strong>and</strong> from Magdalena Ecke Park, is officially declared<br />

public l<strong>and</strong> encompassing over 90 acres.<br />

• 101 Artists’ Colony is formed as a co-op artists gallery by James Durfey,<br />

Nansy Phleger <strong>and</strong> Maria Festa. It has been in several locations in <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

with studios, performance stage, galleries <strong>and</strong> a coffee bar. It is supported<br />

solely by local artists.<br />

• <strong>Encinitas</strong> Ranch Golf Course, owned by the City of <strong>Encinitas</strong>, is opened to the<br />

public on March 1st. Rated a Champion Golf Course with 18-holes on 175 acres.<br />

• Cullen School Bell is dedicated at the Cardiff Elementary School on October<br />

23rd. The bell was purchased in Santa Ana for $20.00 <strong>and</strong> has a<br />

manufactured date of 1828. It is re-dedicated again in 2003 during the<br />

refurbished Cardiff School District’s 90th anniversary.<br />

• Full Moon Poets was formed by Danny Salzh<strong>and</strong>ler for the laid-back poetry circle<br />

called a “read around.” It has grown to include a Summer Slam <strong>and</strong> a Winter Slam<br />

during the full moons <strong>and</strong> held at the historic La Paloma Theater.<br />

G<br />

Below: Olympic torch run through<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> on April 28, 1996. Local<br />

dignitaries help run the Olympic<br />

Torch through <strong>Encinitas</strong> on it’s way to<br />

the summer games in Atlanta,<br />

Georgia. The world games of the<br />

XXVI Olympiad was also known as<br />

the Centennial Olympic Games.<br />


C h a p t e r 7 F 8 3

C A R D I F F - B Y - T H E - S E A<br />

Cardiff had an early start <strong>and</strong> a fascinating history. Streets were named after the British Isles, followed by more streets named after<br />

classical music composers. Cardiff, was located on a beautiful part of the California coastline. One of its first settlers erected a two-story<br />

building reminiscent of a Victorian English seaside manor. The building provided an artists’ studio on the second floor. During that same<br />

year “by-the-Sea” was added to its name. Remnants of Cardiff’s only industry can still be seen during low tide where a kelp processing<br />

plant operated. The pier, which was built near the mouth of the lagoon, has long since washed away. The main cement floor of Cardiff’s<br />

one <strong>and</strong> only train station is all that remains of the mission style depot. Restaurant Row was known to host many a celebrity traveling<br />

back <strong>and</strong> forth from Hollywood to Del Mar <strong>and</strong> Mexico. Japanese farmers’ crops covered the hills just east of town. The San Elijo lagoon<br />

was slowly choking. The mouth was opened occasionally by a farmer with a plow. Cardiff-by-the-Sea later changed to a new personality<br />

- surfing. It is where Don Hansen opened his first shop; where “the kook” put Cardiff-by-the-Sea on the international map; where surfing<br />

contests <strong>and</strong> beach fairs rocked the coast. Double tracking, the lagoon improvements, Harbaugh Trails <strong>and</strong> the Living Shoreline Project<br />

may have changed the scene, but not the heart: the pull is real <strong>and</strong> it is the soul of Cardiff-by-the-Sea.<br />

G<br />

Above: Cardiff-by-the-Sea looking<br />

north toward Swamis Point. A typical<br />

beautiful summer day looking north<br />

along the Cardiff coastline.<br />

Right: Local large mural artist Kevin<br />

Anderson paints a new San Dieguito<br />

Academy mural on the north wall of<br />

the main building. Many of his<br />

murals can be seen throughout<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> <strong>and</strong> San Diego County.<br />

8 4 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

G<br />

The Downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong> 101<br />

Mainstreet Association contracted<br />

several local artists to enhance the<br />

alleys <strong>and</strong> back buildings of many<br />

businesses along Coast Highway.<br />


CHAPTER 8<br />

T H E N E W M I L L E N N I U M : 2 0 0 0 - P R E S E N T<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>’ culture, rooted in surfing <strong>and</strong> the arts, advances. The Arts Alive Banner program<br />

launches along Coast Highway 101; the first Switchfoot Bro-Am <strong>and</strong> Beach Fest is held at Moonlight<br />

Beach; Dog Days of Summer begins in Cardiff; the “Kook” is dedicated in Cardiff; the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Child<br />

sculpture is dedicated near Cottonwood Creek <strong>and</strong> the Surfing Madonna Mosaic appears to everyone’s<br />

delight; the first community garden is constructed; we elect our first mayor; create our new<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Community park <strong>and</strong> focus on beach erosion, protection <strong>and</strong> exp<strong>and</strong>ed access to hiking<br />

trails <strong>and</strong> marine safety.<br />

C h a p t e r 8 F 8 5

2000 ä<br />

2002 ä<br />

2003 ä<br />

2004 ä<br />

• Arts Alive Banner Exhibit launches on Highway 101 in downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong>. This<br />

very successful <strong>and</strong> popular program is spearheaded by local artist, sculptor <strong>and</strong><br />

welder Danny Salzh<strong>and</strong>ler, his wife Norma <strong>and</strong> the 101 Artists’ Colony.<br />

• <strong>Encinitas</strong> Sign on October 7th , duplicated from the original 1928 sign across D<br />

Street at 101. It is rebuilt using the original design to celebrate the millennial. It<br />

was first hung on cables but a storm two weeks later almost brought it down.<br />

Later a solid steel support frame was installed. I true icon for our coastal town.<br />

• Population is 58,014.<br />

• <strong>Encinitas</strong> Community/Senior Center is completed on Oakcrest Park Drive.<br />

• Downtown Streetscape Project has its Ribbon Cutting in June.<br />

• Cardiff Library opens its new 5,977 sq. ft. “green” facility, (1st in the county)<br />

on the corner of Newcastle & Liverpool on March 22nd.<br />

• The Pacific View Elementary School is closed at the end of the school year.<br />

• Leucadia-<strong>Encinitas</strong> Mainstreet Organization is awarded National Mainstreet<br />

status, becoming Leucadia 101 (L 101).<br />

• Cottonwood Creek Park has its ribbon cutting celebration June 14th. This 8.2-<br />

acre park is located on the northeast corner of <strong>Encinitas</strong> Blvd. <strong>and</strong> Vulcan Ave.<br />

• Switchfoot Bro-Am <strong>and</strong> Beach Fest is started by local surf legend Rob Machado<br />

<strong>and</strong> local, world famous Christian musicians, Switchfoot. This event includes<br />

surf contests, live music <strong>and</strong> much more always in the month of June.<br />

• Dog Days of Summer has their first event in the parking lot of Headline Graphics<br />

in Cardiff-by-the-Sea. In 2016 this popular event is moved to the new <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Community Park. This is the largest dog-centric event in San Diego County.<br />

• Poet Laureate Trish Dugger is recognized officially on January 12 by the City.<br />

G<br />

The Wavecrest Woodie Meet has their<br />

first gathering in the parking lot at<br />

Moonlight Beach. September 2019<br />

was the 40th consecutive year<br />

drawing cars <strong>and</strong> woodie enthusiasts<br />

from all over the country to display<br />

<strong>and</strong> sell these iconic cars.<br />


8 6 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

G<br />

Above: Moonlight Beach.<br />


Left: Switchfoot Bro-Am <strong>and</strong> Beach<br />

Fest, started by local Rob Machado,<br />

features the Christian b<strong>and</strong><br />

Switchfoot. Thous<strong>and</strong>s of fans pack<br />

Moonlight Beach, c. 2018.<br />


2007 ä<br />

2008 ä<br />

• Magic Carpet Ride or Cardiff “Kook” is the creation of Matthew Antichevich.<br />

Since its debut, local surfers have deemed it a “kook”, which refers to a first<br />

time or beginner surfer. This wonderful statue, along the west side of<br />

Highway 101 across from Chesterfield Drive, becomes an unlikely attraction<br />

when a 15-foot-tall papier mache shark appears to devour the “Kook.”<br />

Costumes <strong>and</strong> props are now a common sight. Cleverly outfitted for<br />

birthdays, graduations, special events <strong>and</strong> political satire, the “Kook” has<br />

worn it all. The “Kook” is featured in many publications around the world,<br />

including the front page of the Wall Street Journal.<br />

• <strong>Encinitas</strong> Preservation Association (EPA) is formed <strong>and</strong> closes escrow on the<br />

iconic Boathouses for $1.55 million in May. It is touted as a “public trust of<br />

preservation” by the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society <strong>and</strong> Downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Mainstreet Association. The City of <strong>Encinitas</strong> use a developer’s fee of $631,538 as<br />

the down payment designated as affordable housing. Plans commence to place<br />

these iconic boats on the National Register of Historic Places. The E Clampus<br />

Vitus organization partners with EPA to assist with the historical bronze plaque.<br />

C h a p t e r 8 F 8 7

G<br />

Top: A few banners created by local<br />

artists along Coast Highway promoted<br />

by the Artist Colony’s “Arts Alive”<br />

community program.<br />

Above: Swami’s Beach & Park.<br />


Right: “Dog Days of Summer”, first<br />

held in a parking lot in Cardiff in 2005.<br />

It exp<strong>and</strong>ed to <strong>Encinitas</strong> Community<br />

Park, holding various events like the<br />

dog/owner look-alike contest.<br />

• <strong>Encinitas</strong> Library (540 Cornish Dr.) has occupied several locations,<br />

including one on the corner of “D” Street in the Rupe Building during the<br />

1940s into the mid-1950s. Manuel Oncina Architects, Inc. are contracted to<br />

design a new state-of-the-art facility, financed by the City of <strong>Encinitas</strong>. On<br />

February 23rd the $20-million-dollar, 27,798-square-foot library opens.<br />

This facility includes a 2,000-square-foot Community Room, 537-squarefoot<br />

Special Collections Room, an informal Literary Lab with 15 computer<br />

workstations for group instruction <strong>and</strong> three group study rooms. A reading<br />

deck along the west side, a Friends of the Library bookstore <strong>and</strong> an entry<br />

coffee cart are part of the main space. Civic Art shows are included as part<br />

of the library design, with local artists <strong>and</strong> performers playing an integral<br />

part of the library’s design.<br />

8 8 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

2008 ä<br />

2010 ä<br />

• “<strong>Encinitas</strong> Child” is seated on the retaining wall on the west side on Highway<br />

101 between <strong>Encinitas</strong> Blvd. <strong>and</strong> D Street welcoming visitors to the downtown<br />

area. This beautiful bronze sculpture is created by local <strong>and</strong> nationally renowned<br />

sculptor Manuelita Brown. To celebrate its 20th anniversary the Downtown<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Mainstreet Association (DEMA) installs this public art piece.<br />

• Pacific Station development opens on Highway 101. Whole Foods is the<br />

anchor business. Apartments are on the 2nd floor with underground parking<br />

for 250 cars.<br />

• Population is 59,519.<br />

G<br />

Above, left: Coaster in Cardiff.<br />


Above, right: Swami’s Beach gets a<br />

second Tiki statue, joining the first<br />

carved by Tim Richards in 2011 from<br />

an 80 yr. old Torrey Pine that fell<br />

victim to bark beetle infestation.<br />


2011 ä<br />

• Surfing Madonna Mosaic literally appeared overnight under the north side of the<br />

railroad bridge on <strong>Encinitas</strong> Blvd. Disguised as construction workers, Mark<br />

Patterson <strong>and</strong> friend Bob Nichols cl<strong>and</strong>estinely install the 10-foot square, glass<br />

mosaic art piece on an early April morning. When threatened with demolition,<br />

Patterson steps forward to save his creation. He is fined $500 <strong>and</strong> has to pay<br />

$6,000 to have it removed. In 2013 the mosaic finds its permanent home on the<br />

outside north facing wall of the Leucadia Pizzeria on <strong>Encinitas</strong> Blvd & 101. In<br />

2019 artist Kevin Anderson paints an underwater scene below the mosaic.<br />

Below, left: Downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />


Below, right: Swami’s Surf Memorial<br />

at Swami’s Beach.<br />


C h a p t e r 8 F 8 9

G<br />

Top, left: Santa Fe Drive railroad<br />

undercrossing at Swami’s Beach Park<br />

officially opens.<br />


2012 ä<br />

• “The Ranch” (441 Saxony Rd.) formerly known as the Ecke RanchFloriculture<br />

business, sells its property to the Leichtag Foundation. This 67 ½-acre ranch<br />

has a total of 850,000 square feet of green houses.<br />

• First electrical vehicle charging station is put into use in July at the north end<br />

of parking lot B just east of 101 at D Street <strong>and</strong> Vulcan Avenue.<br />

Top, right: The lotus towers of the<br />

SRF Hermitage <strong>and</strong> Ashram Center.<br />


2013 ä<br />

2014 ä<br />

• Santa Fe Drive Pedestrian under-crossing is officially opened on February 27th<br />

connecting South Vulcan to Highway 101 allowing easy access to Swami’s Beach.<br />

• Plastic Ban on single-use plastic bags is passed by the City of <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

• First Elected Mayor of <strong>Encinitas</strong>, Kristin Gaspar, is voted in on November 7th.<br />

Previously the elected council members rotated the position on a yearly basis.<br />

• Welcome sign is dedicated at the south entry near the under crossing on<br />

Highway 101 into downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong>. Bob Partlow <strong>and</strong> Terry Weaver design<br />

<strong>and</strong> create this s<strong>and</strong> blasted 8X10 foot redwood sign. This is a project of the<br />

Downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong> Mainstreet Association (DEMA).<br />

• Pacific View Property is purchased by the City of <strong>Encinitas</strong> with a $10 million<br />

bond. The old elementary school (closed since 2003) had been scheduled for<br />

auction. The total bond package is $13 million, with three million earmarked<br />

for building the new lifeguard tower at Moonlight Beach.<br />

• Leichtag Foundation (441 Saxony Rd) joins six other <strong>Encinitas</strong> entities to sign a<br />

“Memor<strong>and</strong>um of Underst<strong>and</strong>ing” (MOU) in April. They include The <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Union School District, the Magdalena Ecke Family YMCA, The San Diego<br />

Botanic Gardens, The San Dieguito Heritage Museum, Seacrest Village<br />

Retirement Community, along with the Leichtag Foundation “…to develop<br />

educational, experimental learning <strong>and</strong> multi-generational programs around the<br />

nexus of agriculture, horticulture, nutrition, science, sustainability, community<br />

building <strong>and</strong> the local history <strong>and</strong> agricultural traditions of <strong>Encinitas</strong>.”<br />

9 0 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

• Cardiff-by-the-Sea Mainstreet Association, formerly Cardiff Chamber of<br />

Commerce, is identified as an official main street organization (C 101).<br />

2015 ä<br />

• <strong>Encinitas</strong> Community Park (425 Santa Fe Dr.) is officially opened on January<br />

10th. Formerly the greenhouse floral business of Robert Hall, he sells the<br />

property to the City of <strong>Encinitas</strong> in 2000 for $17,000,000. The total cost over<br />

the next 15 years totals $42,750,000. This 44-acre park boasts a 13,000-<br />

square-foot renowned skate park, kids play areas, two acres for the Maggie<br />

Houlihan Memorial Dog Park, athletic fields <strong>and</strong> lots of open green spaces.<br />

• <strong>Encinitas</strong> Arts, Culture <strong>and</strong> Ecology Alliance (EACEA) enters into negotiations<br />

with the City of <strong>Encinitas</strong> to transform the closed 2.8-acre Pacific View<br />

Elementary School into a viable arts center. Rehabilitation commences in a rightof-entry<br />

lease situation while the long-term lease requirements are finalized.<br />

• Coastal Roots Farm (441 Saxony Road), dedicated on September 30 <strong>and</strong> located<br />

on the Leichtag Property, begin their certified organic farming operation. It is a<br />

non-profit educational community farm where growing organic vegetables<br />

“nourish connections—to ourselves, our neighbors <strong>and</strong> the l<strong>and</strong>”, inspired by<br />

Jewish wisdom. Fresh organic produce is sold at their Farm St<strong>and</strong> as a pay-whatyou-can<br />

system to offer healthy, organically grown produce for all.<br />

• Organic Fruit Grove is dedicated at Glen Park in Cardiff-by-the-Sea on October<br />

3rd, inspired by Cardiff resident <strong>and</strong> former mayor Teresa Arballo Barth. This is<br />

an organically managed city park setting the tone for healthy organic gardening.<br />

• Friends of the Arts received non-profit status on November 27. Created in 2014,<br />

the mission of EFA is to partner with the City of <strong>Encinitas</strong> by “fund raising <strong>and</strong><br />

advocating for art in <strong>Encinitas</strong> <strong>and</strong> city owned art venues promoting all art forms”.<br />

G<br />

Below: <strong>Encinitas</strong> Sign on Coast<br />

Highway 101. The Downtown<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Mainstreet Association<br />

contracts Bob Partlow <strong>and</strong> Terry<br />

Weaver in 2014 to create this Welcome<br />

sign on the south end of the business<br />

district entering the coast highway.<br />


C h a p t e r 8 F 9 1

G<br />

Above: Swami’s Pumpkins, Every year<br />

the SRF plants their fields with<br />

pumpkins to carve for Halloween.<br />


2016 ä<br />

• <strong>Encinitas</strong> Community Garden (Quail Gardens Drive) ribbon cutting is in<br />

October. Community members rally to create this garden on Quail Gardens<br />

Drive in the undeveloped <strong>Encinitas</strong> Elementary School site. A total of eightynine<br />

raised beds are constructed along with eighty fruit trees. Gordon Smith is<br />

the “slow foods” advocate who started the process to make this garden a reality.<br />

2017 ä<br />

• Cannabis (marijuana)for recreational consumption is approved by statewide vote.<br />

2018 ä<br />

• <strong>Encinitas</strong> Board Riders Club is formed to compete in the WCBR contest <strong>and</strong> also<br />

“to support, build <strong>and</strong> protect our local coastal environment <strong>and</strong> surf history”.<br />

• Moonlight Beach Marine Safety Center at Moonlight Beach is dedicated in<br />

May. This $3.9 million-dollar project replaces the old 1952 wooden structure.<br />

In addition, a collaborative project with ocean artist Peggy Sue Zepeda with Bob<br />

Zepeda doing the finish work for this 8’x15’ mosaic titled “Pacific Playground”.<br />

2018-19 ä<br />

• Cardiff State Beach Living Shoreline Project Dedication was held on May<br />

22nd, 2019. This coastal protection project with extensive dune planting will<br />

help retain <strong>and</strong> protect the beach from tidal erosion <strong>and</strong> loss of s<strong>and</strong>,<br />

especially during the winter tides.<br />

9 2 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

2019 ä • Harbaugh Seaside Trails begins construction on March 1st. The area had been<br />

purchased by the San Elijo Lagoon Conservancy in 2012. It is an extensive project<br />

of a three-acre overlook gateway of Solana Beach extending north to the Cardiffby-the-Sea<br />

trail formerly known as Carpentier Parkway. It is planned to be<br />

completed in early 2020 <strong>and</strong> will showcase a donor monument, viewing deck <strong>and</strong><br />

a railroad under-crossing into the San Elijo Ecological Reserve. As a l<strong>and</strong> trust,<br />

“years of fund raising <strong>and</strong> strengthening of community has come to fruition.”<br />

• Coastal Rail Trail opens to the public on May 9th. The 1.3-mile trail runs from<br />

Chesterfield Avenue to the pedestrian crossing at Santa Fe Drive into downtown<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>. Described as a “pedestrian <strong>and</strong> cycle friendly thoroughfare.” This is<br />

just a portion of the planned forty-four-mile bike-way, which will eventually<br />

run from Oceanside to the downtown San Diego Santa Fe Depot.<br />

• Chesterfield Avenue Crossing at San Elijo in Cardiff-by-the-Sea is complete as<br />

well as the much-needed rail line double tracking. It is now the first “quiet zone.”<br />

• Dickinson Family Education Conservatory (230 Quail Gardens Drive) is<br />

completed. Located within the Hamilton Children’s Garden, this 8,232-squarefoot<br />

glass educational facility also offers seating for 265 in the amphitheater.<br />

• San Elijo Lagoon Double Tracking Project gets underway. A new railroad bridge<br />

is complete in Cardiff-by-the-Sea. This 72.8 million dollar project is expected to<br />

be completed in approximately two years <strong>and</strong> will stretch 1.5 miles.<br />

G<br />

Swami’s Beach.<br />


C h a p t e r 8 F 9 3

G<br />

Top: 2019 Saw an E-Bike (Electric<br />

Bike) Explosion.<br />


Below: Biergarten Downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />


• Boathouses (726 & 732 3rd Street) on October 12th are dedicated with an<br />

historical bronze plaque provided by the local chapter of the E Clampus Vitus<br />

organization. Working with <strong>Encinitas</strong> Preservation Association (EPA) <strong>and</strong><br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society (EHS) <strong>and</strong> with aid from the City of <strong>Encinitas</strong>, these<br />

iconic boats will now be listed on the National Register of Historic Places.<br />

• “Boutique Luxury Hotel” begins construction on the 4.3-acre property on the<br />

northern bluff in Leucadia. Forty-five thous<strong>and</strong> cubic yards of s<strong>and</strong> was<br />

relocated to the beach below. The planned 226,000-square-foot building<br />

complex will boast 130 rooms (including 16 suites) <strong>and</strong> currently has an<br />

estimated cost of $110 million. Owners envision guests walking around in<br />

swimsuits, shorts <strong>and</strong> flip-flops, keeping with the Leucadia beach “vibe.”<br />

Marketing materials describe the hotel as “barefoot luxury.”<br />

• Population is 63,184.<br />

9 4 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

2020 ä • Cylovia comes for the first time to downtown Coast Highway 101 on Sunday,<br />

January 12 as a no-cars approach to downtown shopping.<br />

• Dunham House built in 1885 on 10th Street, Del Mar, moves to the San<br />

Dieguito Heritage Museum in December. The house is named after Edward<br />

<strong>and</strong> Lovey Dunham who lived in the house from 1925 to 1975. The structure<br />

is literally sawed in half to 14ft. X 28ft sections <strong>and</strong> the roof was removed to<br />

accommodate the eight-mile trip.<br />

W H A T I S C Y C L O V I A E N C I N I T A S ?<br />

Cyclovia is a Spanish term that means “Cycleway”. This type of event includes the closing of<br />

certain streets to automobiles for a temporary time, in order to allow cyclists, skaters, <strong>and</strong> pedestrians<br />

access to local businesses on open streets. In January 2020 <strong>Encinitas</strong> hosted its first Cyclovia event,<br />

<strong>and</strong> was deemed a total success, with hundreds of participating residents this “all wheels” event. In<br />

2021 the event went “virtual” to keep the momentum going due to the COVID p<strong>and</strong>emic. Just like<br />

the inaugural live event held in 2020, it remains the City’s goal to put on an energetic, educational<br />

community celebration promoting healthy, active lifestyles, <strong>and</strong> self-powered transportation in a fun,<br />

but virtual way rolling all the way through 2021.<br />

Virtual Cyclovia <strong>Encinitas</strong> kicked off on Sunday, January 17, 2021 with the launch of the first wave<br />

of social media content <strong>and</strong> an official city-sponsored web page, loaded with interactive media,<br />

materials <strong>and</strong> resources.<br />

Following the January kickoff, the City of <strong>Encinitas</strong> will continue to roll out fun, informative,<br />

<strong>and</strong> engaging content online, here on this page, <strong>and</strong> via social media (Facebook, Instagram,<br />

Nextdoor, Twitter) with the goal of also offering limited live/in-person features as much as<br />

possible throughout 2021 as County Health Orders allow.<br />

C h a p t e r 8 F 9 5

G<br />

Above <strong>and</strong> below: Surfing Madonna Beach Run <strong>and</strong> Half Marathon in 2017 earned the new Guinness Book of World Records title after more than 4,000 people ran across the s<strong>and</strong>s<br />

of Moonlight Beach.” The Carlsbad Encina Power Plant’s smokestack in the background was demolished after a 50-year history in the spring of 2021.<br />

9 6 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

G<br />

Above: Coaster train heading north<br />

from San Diego across the San Elijo<br />

Lagoon.<br />



Left: Helena Holleran <strong>and</strong> the Nu<br />

Funk Shui.<br />


C h a p t e r 8 F 9 7

G<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Holiday Parade 2019.<br />


9 8 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

G<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Holiday Parade 2019. No<br />

one yet knew it would be the last big<br />

event for a very long time.<br />


C h a p t e r 8 F 9 9

G<br />

Article reprint courtesy of <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Magazine Editor in Chief Chris Cote.<br />


T H E R O C K ‘ N ’ R O L L H O U S E<br />

The Rock ‘n’ Roll House was once located between A <strong>and</strong> B Streets, in the alley, west of the<br />

Coast Highway, near Moonlight Beach on the property where The Lofts at Moonlight Beach now<br />

st<strong>and</strong>. It was a small two-story apartment whose entire structure, along with the garage, yard <strong>and</strong><br />

even the telephone pole, was transformed into a crazy, wildly psychedelic piece of art by the<br />

apartment’s resident, Richard Margolin.<br />

“It began mysteriously <strong>and</strong> unpredictable,” says Richard. “I had never done art in my life. I<br />

was 56 years old, living in a motel room in Oceanside, <strong>and</strong> if somebody would have said, “You’re<br />

an artist”, I would have told them, “What the hell are you talking about!”<br />

1 0 0 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

CHAPTER 9<br />

E N C I N I T A S A N D T H E C O R O N A V I R U S<br />

2020 Coronavirus, COVID-19 P<strong>and</strong>emic statistics start being recorded on January 20th in the<br />

United States. It is believed the origin of this new virus is Wuhan, China, first reported in December<br />

2019. This purportedly resulted from humans ingesting exotic wildlife from an open market located<br />

there. Some other reports reveal the virus might have been created in a laboratory. It is declared a<br />

worldwide p<strong>and</strong>emic.<br />

By March the United States issues quarantine rules to stop its spread <strong>and</strong> closes its borders.<br />

California’s governor, Gavin Newsom, is the first in the nation to completely “lock-down” the state<br />

by closing borders, businesses, schools, beaches, parks <strong>and</strong> theaters causing panic buying at the grocery<br />

stores clearing shelves <strong>and</strong> causing shortages <strong>and</strong> rationing. All concerts, sporting <strong>and</strong> cultural<br />

events are immediately canceled. Air travel is limited, <strong>and</strong> cruise lines are shut down. Nursing homes<br />

are in also in total lock-down, with meals being served in residents’ private apartments. School <strong>and</strong><br />

church services at first are held outside, later not at all—only by “Zoom” which becomes the new<br />

meeting norm—an online digital meeting app which prior to the p<strong>and</strong>emic was barely heard of.<br />

Grocery stores offer on-line orders <strong>and</strong>/or delivery.<br />

In late spring, beaches <strong>and</strong> parks open back up. Coronavirus outbreaks continue despite the lockdown<br />

<strong>and</strong> new rules are set in place by individual state governors. California’s governor m<strong>and</strong>ates<br />

protective facial masks to be worn for any activity outside the home. All public gatherings continue<br />

G<br />


ID #360151110.<br />

C h a p t e r 9 F 1 0 1

to be canceled: weddings, graduations, funerals<br />

<strong>and</strong> family reunions have either been canceled,<br />

postponed or have severely limited attendance.<br />

Pharmaceutical companies fast-track testing kits<br />

to offer the public.<br />

Covid-19 testing becomes required prior to<br />

any medical procedure <strong>and</strong> international flights,<br />

with many countries restricting admission from<br />

the United States due to the highest case levels<br />

in the world by the end of 2020. Schools conduct<br />

classes online, <strong>and</strong> sports events hold<br />

games but with no audience. All meetings are<br />

now conducted via webinars <strong>and</strong>/or Zoom set<br />

up on computers, iPads, or smart phones.<br />

School hours are extremely limited on campus,<br />

as most lessons are conducted online.<br />

Late in 2020, several pharmaceutical companies<br />

tout the effectiveness of their vaccine <strong>and</strong><br />

push for approval for mass inoculations as the<br />

cases are increasing <strong>and</strong> the death toll rises.<br />

Thanksgiving is m<strong>and</strong>ated as having no more<br />

than three households in attendance by the state<br />

of California. Restaurant restrictions are eased to<br />

allow outdoor dining only. The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Fall<br />

Street Fair <strong>and</strong> Holiday Parade are canceled. By<br />

December 14, the first inoculation was administered<br />

to a health care provider in New York.<br />

To be continued....”<br />

G<br />

Airports became ghost towns as air<br />

travel, both domestic <strong>and</strong><br />

international, was severely curtailed.<br />


1 0 2 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

G<br />

Mask wearing <strong>and</strong> disruptions to<br />

daily life became the “new” norm.<br />

Hoarding toilet paper subsided as<br />

people adjusted to the new norm.<br />


#6511819, 359940774 AND 357921970.<br />

C h a p t e r 9 F 1 0 3

G<br />

Tempers flared as aspects of the<br />

p<strong>and</strong>emic overturned daily life.<br />

Zoom became a popular way to<br />

continue work <strong>and</strong> connect with<br />

family. Children went to school by<br />

video classes.<br />




ID #366166490.<br />

1 0 4 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

C h a p t e r 9 F 1 0 5

G<br />

Moonlight Beach D Street looking<br />

south toward Swamis Point.<br />


1 0 6 F E N C I N I T A S : O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

C h a p t e r 9 F 1 0 7

G<br />

A view from above of Swamis Reef at<br />

low tide.<br />


1 0 8 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e


P r o f i l e s o f b u s i n e s s e s ,<br />

o r g a n i z a t i o n s , a n d f a m i l i e s t h a t h a v e<br />

c o n t r i b u t e d t o t h e d e v e l o p m e n t a n d<br />

e c o n o m i c b a s e o f E n c i n i t a s<br />

Q U A L I T Y O F L I F E ...........................................................1 1 0<br />

T H E M A R K E T P L A C E .................................................................1 3 6<br />

F A M I LY H E R I T A G E ...................................................................1 6 4<br />

B U I L D I N G A G R E AT E R E N C I N I T A S .........................................1 8 6<br />

L O C A L L E G E N D S ..................................................................1 9 4<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 0 9

G<br />


1 1 0 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e


H e a l t h c a r e p r o v i d e r s , f o u n d a t i o n s ,<br />

e d u c a t i o n a l , a n d o t h e r i n s t i t u t i o n s t h a t<br />

c o n t r i b u t e t o t h e q u a l i t y o f l i f e i n E n c i n i t a s<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Union Elementary School District .....................................1 1 2<br />

Olivenhain Town Council ................................................................1 1 5<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society ............................................................1 1 6<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Rotary Club ....................................................................1 1 8<br />

San Diego Botanic Gardens .............................................................1 2 0<br />

North Coast Family Medical Group ..................................................1 2 2<br />

Self-Realization Fellowship .............................................................1 2 4<br />

Cardiff-by-the-Sea Branch Library ...................................................1 2 6<br />

Friends of Cardiff-by-the-Sea Library ..............................................1 2 7<br />

San Dieguito Heritage Ranch Museum ..............................................1 2 8<br />

The Heritage Tree .........................................................................1 3 0<br />

Dr. Kent Pollock, Chiropractor ........................................................1 3 1<br />

San Dieguito Art Guild ..................................................................1 3 2<br />

Surfing Madonna Organization ........................................................1 3 3<br />

Gaspar Doctors of Physical Therapy.................................................1 3 4<br />

101 Artist Colony .........................................................................1 3 4<br />

Cardiff Kook ................................................................................1 3 5<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 1 1




G<br />

Above: Paul Ecke Central School.<br />

Below: Old school with cistern.<br />

The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Union School District serves the<br />

city of <strong>Encinitas</strong> <strong>and</strong> the Rancho La Costa area of<br />

south Carlsbad in North San Diego County.<br />

Approximately 5,400 students in Kindergarten<br />

through 6th grade are enrolled in the District’s nine<br />

schools. Each of the District’s schools have been<br />

recognized as California Distinguished Schools <strong>and</strong><br />

La Costa Heights, Mission Estancia, Olivenhain<br />

Pioneer <strong>and</strong> Park Dale Lane have been recognized<br />

as National Blue Ribbon Schools. The District<br />

serves a diverse <strong>and</strong> varied community. The student<br />

population is approximately 22% Hispanic, 4%<br />

Asian, 68% Caucasian, <strong>and</strong> 6% other minorities.<br />

Back in the days of early <strong>Encinitas</strong>, settlers<br />

moved in <strong>and</strong> started raising families. When the<br />

children needed a school, everyone in the<br />

community stepped in to build a school for the<br />

children. This spirit is very much alive today.<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> has not forgotten its very first school.<br />

<strong>Our</strong> first one room school house is now 113 years<br />

old <strong>and</strong> has been authentically restored. It was<br />

built in 1883 <strong>and</strong> was operated by the <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Union School District, which had formed one<br />

year earlier. The l<strong>and</strong> for the school was donated<br />

by John Pitcher <strong>and</strong> the school was built by Mr.<br />

1 1 2 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

E. G. Hammond. Fifteen children, more or less,<br />

were taught together in this one-room<br />

schoolhouse with all ages taught by one teacher.<br />

After much fundraising <strong>and</strong> lots of hard work,<br />

the old schoolhouse now serves as a historical<br />

center for <strong>Encinitas</strong> school children <strong>and</strong> residents<br />

<strong>and</strong> is located near downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong>. To learn<br />

more about the history of <strong>Encinitas</strong>, visit the City<br />

of <strong>Encinitas</strong> website.<br />

The four pillars of focus for the district are:<br />

Academic Excellence, 21st Century Learning, Health<br />

& Wellness, <strong>and</strong> Environmental Stewardship.<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Union School District consistently<br />

rates high in the state <strong>and</strong> county for their<br />

student achievement <strong>and</strong> supplemental<br />

programs. Scores on the state’s st<strong>and</strong>ardized<br />

tests place our district far above the county <strong>and</strong><br />

state average in all subjects.<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>’ school history of recognition for<br />

outst<strong>and</strong>ing schools is a tribute to the efforts of the<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> staff, students, community participants,<br />

<strong>and</strong> parents who are actively involved with the<br />

schools. Like the diverse communities that make<br />

us <strong>Encinitas</strong>, our schools each embody the<br />

characteristics <strong>and</strong> values of their neighborhoods.<br />

Individual areas of focus <strong>and</strong> concentration<br />

support unique br<strong>and</strong>s. Within the district we<br />

have schools that have developed individual<br />

programs such as Leader In Me, International<br />

Baccaulareate, Dual Language Immersion, School<br />

of Wonder, Civics Learning, one with a focus on<br />

the Collaboration of Teachers <strong>and</strong> Artists.<br />

The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Union School District is<br />

committed to increasing the opportunities for<br />

our K-6 teachers <strong>and</strong> students to work<br />

collaboratively with parents <strong>and</strong> community<br />

members in the areas of science, technology,<br />

engineering, mathematics, <strong>and</strong> the arts.<br />

In 2014, the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Union School District<br />

broke ground on Farm Lab DREAMS Campus.<br />

Students have a new educational resource<br />

emerging at EUSD Farm Lab DREAMS Campus.<br />

Fitting in with the district’s Green Initiatives <strong>and</strong><br />

Health <strong>and</strong> Wellness Program, the ten-acre farm<br />

<strong>and</strong> interactive learning center provides<br />

educational retreats for students. Educational<br />

G<br />

Above: The four pillars of focus for<br />

the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Union School District.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 1 3

activities focus on learning about nutrition <strong>and</strong> the<br />

environment through lessons as well as through<br />

problem <strong>and</strong> project-based learning. Design,<br />

Research, Engineering, Art, Math <strong>and</strong> Science<br />

(DREAMS) are integrated into the educational<br />

opportunities taking place on a fully functioning<br />

organic farm. Learning activities connect with the<br />

new State St<strong>and</strong>ards (CSS), Next Generation<br />

Science St<strong>and</strong>ards (NGSS) <strong>and</strong> the district’s Oneto-One<br />

Digital Learning Program.<br />

EUSD Farm Lab DREAMS Campus is located<br />

at 441 Quail Gardens Drive in <strong>Encinitas</strong> across<br />

the street from the San Diego Botanical Garden<br />

(previously referred to as Quail Gardens),<br />

Leichtag Ranch <strong>and</strong> the San Dieguito Heritage<br />

Museum. Approximately five acres of l<strong>and</strong> is<br />

being cultivated to provide fresh produce for<br />

the district’s school lunch program at all nine<br />

EUSD schools.<br />

The core intent of Farm Lab DREAMS Campus<br />

is to provide students with educational experiences<br />

that demonstrate the interconnectedness of<br />

nutrition, agriculture, <strong>and</strong> ecology. Through h<strong>and</strong>son<br />

lessons in the field <strong>and</strong> in food, science <strong>and</strong><br />

maker labs, students will develop a rich<br />

underst<strong>and</strong>ing of the connection between our<br />

actions <strong>and</strong> our health, economy, <strong>and</strong> the<br />

environment. Key partnerships <strong>and</strong> community<br />

engagement will further enrich the program. Farm<br />

Lab DREAMS Campus curriculum is designed to<br />

cultivate a deep appreciation for natural resources<br />

<strong>and</strong> to equip our students with the tools they<br />

require for making healthy choices.<br />

1 1 4 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

The Olivenhain Town Council has its roots in<br />

the early German colonists who settled<br />

Olivenhain. These German immigrants had<br />

joined a German colony called Colony<br />

Olivenhain, they arrived in 1884 <strong>and</strong> 1885 with<br />

a hope of a better future. They had the foresight<br />

to set aside l<strong>and</strong> for a community gathering place.<br />

The Olivenhain Meeting Hall built in 1895<br />

quickly became the nerve center of Olivenhain<br />

where dances, business meetings, 4th of July<br />

celebrations, <strong>and</strong> picnics were held. In later<br />

years a number of these celebrations were<br />

hosted by an Olivenhain group calling<br />

themselves the Owl Club. The Meeting Hall was<br />

placed on the National Register of Historic<br />

Places in 1995.<br />

In Spring of 1967 the Colony of Olivenhain<br />

Town Council incorporated as a not-for-profit<br />

corporation to preserve the Olivenhain Meeting<br />

Hall <strong>and</strong> property. The objective of the<br />

Olivenhain Town Council is: to protect <strong>and</strong><br />

preserve the rural atmosphere that we have<br />

inherited from those before us.<br />

In order to save two of the original Colony<br />

buildings from being demolished, members of<br />

the community painstakingly transported them<br />

to the Olivenhain Town Council’s property. The<br />

first was the Lickert Shanty, which was<br />

originally constructed in 1885 for colonist<br />

Charles Lickert. The Shanty was moved to the<br />

property in 1979.<br />

In 1982, the Germania Hotel was moved<br />

intact to the Meeting Hall grounds. It had been<br />

built for Herman Baecht <strong>and</strong> his family in 1885.<br />

The Germania Hotel has been lovingly restored<br />

<strong>and</strong> is used for various events.<br />

The Olivenhain Town Council hosts a<br />

number of community events throughout the<br />

year, <strong>and</strong> the Meeting Hall is available for many<br />

local groups such as 4-H, AA, <strong>and</strong> Boy Scouts. It<br />

is also a beautiful venue for weddings, birthday<br />

parties <strong>and</strong> memorials.<br />

The original colonists would be pleased to<br />

see how much the l<strong>and</strong> set aside for the<br />

community is used.<br />


G<br />

Top: The Olivenhain Meeting Hall<br />

in 1976.<br />

Bottom, left: The Germania Hotel<br />

after its restoration.<br />

Bottom, right: The Olivenhain Meeting<br />

Hall during an Olivenhain Craft Fair.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 1 5




G<br />

Above: First class of the newly built<br />

schoolhouse. Cecilia Santiff is the<br />

first teacher.<br />

Below: In 1909 an annex was added.<br />

T H E S T O R Y O F T H E<br />

1 8 8 3 S C H O O L H O U S E<br />

In 1881 the California Southern Railroad,<br />

needed fuel <strong>and</strong> water for its wood-fueled steam<br />

engines <strong>and</strong> both were available in a small town<br />

named Encina Canada (“Hills of Live Oaks”), just<br />

north of San Diego. The railroad hired Thomas<br />

Rattan to lay out what is now the City of <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

In 1882, the <strong>Encinitas</strong> School District was<br />

formed. The first school board members were<br />

Ben Elliott, L.C. Kincaid <strong>and</strong> Reuben Chaffin. A<br />

small cabin on J.M. Young’s Leucadia farm served<br />

as the first school. A grass fire on the farm caused<br />

a hurried evacuation. This near disaster rallied<br />

the community to approve a bond for $600 at<br />

6% to build a permanent school. In 1883, John<br />

Pitcher deeded the District approximately 2.25<br />

acres for a new school.<br />

In May 1883 Edward Hammond, a<br />

cabinetmaker arrived with his family by train.<br />

With his carpentry skills <strong>and</strong> his son Ted, the<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> School District awarded the<br />

Hammonds the contract to build a new school.<br />

With redwood lumber <strong>and</strong> pounds of h<strong>and</strong>made<br />

square nails, they went to work on the<br />

900-square-foot building.<br />

The outside walls of the building were<br />

curved lap redwood board siding. Eight sixfoot<br />

paned windows provided light. The roof<br />

was wood shingles <strong>and</strong> the floor was fir. The<br />

ceiling peaked to 26 feet. Wood slab tables<br />

<strong>and</strong> redwood benches were used by the<br />

children to study.<br />

The school was perched on a bluff high. The<br />

view east was of the town with low rolling hills.<br />

In 1885, a concrete cistern was added to<br />

provide water. A bucket was dipped into the vat<br />

<strong>and</strong> the children drank from a communal<br />

dipper. Water was delivered daily to the<br />

schoolhouse by push car from the railroad water<br />

tower. A potbelly wood stove provided heat <strong>and</strong><br />

there were no lights after dark.<br />

The first teacher was Miss Josie Rees for the<br />

17 children (first through eighth grade). The<br />

teaching methods focused on memorization <strong>and</strong><br />

elocution exercises. A slate board, chalk <strong>and</strong> a<br />

wet sponge were used for arithmetic <strong>and</strong><br />

writing. Books were purchased by the parents.<br />

1 1 6 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

In 1909, desks, ceiling, walls <strong>and</strong> blackboards<br />

were added. Also the addition of an annex to the<br />

north wall. This added a new entry <strong>and</strong> was used<br />

for coats <strong>and</strong> teacher materials.<br />

In 1916, the Mission School was built to<br />

accommodate growth. A campanile bell tower<br />

fronted the building <strong>and</strong> added five classrooms.<br />

By 1927, the original 1883 schoolhouse was no<br />

longer used <strong>and</strong> declared surplus property. It was<br />

sold in 1928 to George Roberts of San Diego, who<br />

moved it to the corner of Fourth <strong>and</strong> H streets for<br />

his “country home”. The Mission School remained<br />

on site until the late 1940s. When the Pacific View<br />

Elementary was built in 1953, the Mission School<br />

was relocated to Second Street near H <strong>and</strong> was<br />

used by the Self-Realization Fellowship. In 1958,<br />

Mrs. Linda Schroeder bought the historic<br />

schoolhouse from Roberts <strong>and</strong> rented it out until<br />

1982 when she sold the building to Bud Fisher, a<br />

contractor/developer. When faced with demolition<br />

1983, the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society President,<br />

Julie Shoup, obtained a lease from the <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Union School District for l<strong>and</strong> on the southwest<br />

corner of the Pacific View Elementary School’s<br />

playground. Mr. Fisher sold the schoolhouse for<br />

one dollar to the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society,<br />

provided they pay to move the schoolhouse.<br />

Donations of $2,300 was collected. On April 13,<br />

l983 the schoolhouse had a new location where it<br />

sits today near its original location.<br />

The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society renovated<br />

the historic schoolhouse <strong>and</strong> it was opened to<br />

the community in December 1997. Boyd<br />

Hajlmarson, Mark Owens, Bob Halladay <strong>and</strong> the<br />

City of <strong>Encinitas</strong>, along with the Rotary Club of<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>, helped toward renovation.<br />

Today, the 1883 schoolhouse is staffed by<br />

knowledgeable docents who give tours of the<br />

school <strong>and</strong> answer questions about its history<br />

<strong>and</strong> the history of <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

G<br />

In May 7, 1983 the <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Historical Society is successful in relocating<br />

the original schoolhouse to<br />

it’s current location at 390 W. “F”<br />

Streets. Extensive renovation begins.<br />

The schoolhouse is the oldest building<br />

in <strong>Encinitas</strong> overseen by the Board of<br />

Directors for the Historical Society.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 1 7



G<br />

Above: Each year <strong>Encinitas</strong> Rotary<br />

sponsors the opening icebreaker for<br />

H<strong>and</strong>s of Peace. This organization<br />

brings together young Israelis,<br />

Palestinians <strong>and</strong> Americans to learn<br />

about each other <strong>and</strong> empower them<br />

to raise their voices as leaders<br />

of change.<br />

Having just celebrated its eightieth year,<br />

the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Rotary Club continues to serve<br />

its community <strong>and</strong> is one of over 35,000<br />

Rotary Clubs worldwide totaling 1.2 million<br />

members. The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Rotary Club was<br />

granted charter number 5058 in a ceremony<br />

hosted by Rotary International at the Hotel Del<br />

Mar on June 12, 1939.<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Rotary annually undertakes a number<br />

of projects that benefit both local <strong>and</strong> international<br />

communities. The club has packed food boxes for<br />

the Community Resource Center <strong>and</strong> the San<br />

Diego Food Bank, helped upgrade the <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Boys & Girls Club, services senior citizens through<br />

its Home Team, <strong>and</strong> annually hosts more than<br />

1,000 patrons at its Annual Wine <strong>and</strong> Food<br />

Festival, which has raised over $1 million for local<br />

charitable organizations. The Club also previously<br />

hosted an annual youth soccer tournament, with<br />

the proceeds (around $800,000 during its more<br />

than twenty-year run) distributed locally.<br />

Internationally, the Club’s recent projects<br />

include assistance with the construction of<br />

houses in Tijuana <strong>and</strong> upgrading rural health<br />

clinics in Nepal with the cooperation of a Rotary<br />

Club in Kathm<strong>and</strong>u.<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Rotary is currently comprised of<br />

around ninety men <strong>and</strong> women. In addition to<br />

participating in service work, members are active<br />

in fellowship, ensuring they form close bonds with<br />

one another. The Club meets each Wednesday <strong>and</strong><br />

hosts an inspiring speaker who presents a topic<br />

pertinent to the community featuring everything<br />

from recycling <strong>and</strong> travels, to peace-makers—even<br />

a Nobel Peace Prize nominee!<br />

Taking its name from its original practice of<br />

rotating meetings at different businesses, the Rotary<br />

was founded in 1905 in Chicago by Paul P. Harris as<br />

1 1 8 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

a networking resource for entrepreneurs. It soon<br />

transformed into a service organization, with its<br />

members’ actions guided by the Rotary Four-Way<br />

Test: “Is it the truth? Is it fair to all concerned? Will<br />

it build goodwill <strong>and</strong> better friendships? Will it be<br />

beneficial to all concerned?” The Four-Way Test<br />

continues to serve as a guiding light for Rotary Club<br />

endeavors in <strong>Encinitas</strong> <strong>and</strong> beyond.<br />

G<br />

Top, <strong>and</strong> bottom, right: Rotary at<br />

Work 2019 Community Resource<br />

Center Holiday Box Packing Day at<br />

the Del Mar Fairgrounds.<br />

Middle, left <strong>and</strong> right: <strong>Encinitas</strong> Rotary<br />

Club was also excited to help fund the<br />

building three schools <strong>and</strong> two bridges<br />

in Vietnam. New schools <strong>and</strong> bridges<br />

are desperately needed in remote areas<br />

where children would not be able to get<br />

an education. The bridges help get<br />

them to school safely.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 1 9


G<br />

Top, left: The Gazebo Lawn features<br />

magnificent trees, colorful flowers,<br />

<strong>and</strong> a picturesque gazebo.<br />


Top, right: Enjoying the<br />

Bamboo Garden.<br />


Below: The entrance to San Diego<br />

Botanic Garden.<br />


Each year San Diego Botanic Garden is<br />

visited by thous<strong>and</strong>s of people from around the<br />

world who enjoy the scenic trails <strong>and</strong> inspiring<br />

vistas of this nationally recognized botanical<br />

garden. The history of <strong>Encinitas</strong> would not be<br />

complete without mention of this crown jewel<br />

<strong>and</strong> the visionary people behind the thirtyseven-acre<br />

urban retreat.<br />

In the early 1900s, the Garden’s roots<br />

consisted of two parcels of l<strong>and</strong> on a s<strong>and</strong>stone<br />

ridge with a view of the Pacific Ocean, <strong>and</strong><br />

canyons <strong>and</strong> mesas covered primarily in<br />

southern maritime chaparral. In 1917, the first<br />

parcel of 16.5 acres was purchased by Donald<br />

<strong>and</strong> Nan Ingersoll, who built a small ranch<br />

house on its hilltop. Ingersoll was in partnership<br />

with developer J. Frank Cullen, who built much<br />

of Cardiff-by-the-Sea in <strong>Encinitas</strong>. The next<br />

owner, Holl<strong>and</strong> immigrant Anton van<br />

Amersfoort, was a successful l<strong>and</strong>owner <strong>and</strong><br />

avocado farmer who lived here from 1923 to<br />

1943. The second parcel of 10 acres was owned<br />

by German immigrant Herman Seidler.<br />

In 1942 <strong>and</strong> 1943, Ruth Baird Larabee<br />

acquired both parcels, <strong>and</strong> she <strong>and</strong> her husb<strong>and</strong><br />

Charles Wright Larabee brought their love for<br />

Latin cultures <strong>and</strong> their Midwestern aesthetic to<br />

the homestead. They were a well-educated,<br />

independently wealthy couple in their forties<br />

who ab<strong>and</strong>oned their privileged lifestyle in<br />

Kansas City for a taste of adventure. Their slice<br />

of rural San Diego, with its ideal growing climate<br />

<strong>and</strong> rustic ranch house probably perfectly suited<br />

the couple whose shared passions included<br />

gardening <strong>and</strong> exploring the Southwest.<br />

The Larabees were unconventional transplants<br />

in this particular <strong>Encinitas</strong> coastal community.<br />

Their immediate neighbor, German poinsettia<br />

hybridizer Paul Ecke, Sr., inspired a large<br />

migration of growers here to cultivate exotic<br />

flowers, <strong>and</strong> by the mid-to-late twentieth century<br />

the area was dubbed the “Flower Capital of the<br />

World.” But Ruth <strong>and</strong> Charles were early<br />

conservationists, <strong>and</strong> over a whirlwind seven<br />

1 2 0 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

The mission of San Diego<br />

Botanic Garden is,<br />

“To inspire people of<br />

all ages to connect with<br />

plants <strong>and</strong> nature.”<br />

years they developed a stunningly beautiful,<br />

primarily low water l<strong>and</strong>scape with over 200<br />

different species of trees, shrubs, cacti <strong>and</strong><br />

succulents, many from Mexico <strong>and</strong> South<br />

America. Ruth typically began work in the garden<br />

at sunrise, dressed in her trademark overalls <strong>and</strong><br />

green rubber boots. Under the Larabee’s<br />

stewardship the ranch rapidly developed into<br />

what Ruth christened “El Rancho San Ysidro de<br />

las Flores.”<br />

They were also civic minded people, <strong>and</strong><br />

though childless themselves, the Larabees each<br />

devoted time to sharing the outdoors with high<br />

school scouting groups, sowing the seeds for the<br />

Garden’s present day commitment to education.<br />

After she <strong>and</strong> Charles divorced in 1950, Ruth<br />

remained alone at the ranch until 1957, when<br />

she generously deeded her 22.3 acres of l<strong>and</strong> to<br />

the County of San Diego as a park to preserve<br />

the habitat of the resident flocks of California<br />

quail. Its potential as a botanic garden was later<br />

realized by a group of committed founders,<br />

among them board presidents Florence Seibert<br />

<strong>and</strong> Julia von Preissig, <strong>and</strong> local horticulturists<br />

Horace Anderson, Paul Ecke, Sr., <strong>and</strong> Mildred<br />

Macpherson. Finally, in 1970 Quail Botanic<br />

Gardens officially opened its gates to the public.<br />

Today the renamed San Diego Botanic Garden<br />

is designated one of the “Top 10 North American<br />

Gardens Worth Traveling For” by the American<br />

Gardens Association. Four miles of trails wind<br />

through its 29 uniquely themed gardens, among<br />

them a tropical rain forest, a bamboo garden, <strong>and</strong><br />

regional desert l<strong>and</strong>scapes. Together with two<br />

acclaimed children’s gardens <strong>and</strong> the Dickinson<br />

Family Education Conservatory, it’s a hub for<br />

horticulture, conservation, education, <strong>and</strong> events.<br />

And thanks to the foresight of its founders, the<br />

Garden will continue to play a vital role in the<br />

growth <strong>and</strong> development of San Diego for years to<br />

come. Please visit www.sdbgarden.org for more<br />

information <strong>and</strong> events.<br />

G<br />

Top, left: Charles Wright Larabee<br />

(1901-1968), c. 1950.<br />


Top, right: Ruth Baird Larabee (1904-<br />

1969), 1962.<br />


Below: Sapphire Tower (Puya<br />

alpestris) is native to Chile. Its long<br />

spiky leaves form a grassy-like clump<br />

up to three feet tall <strong>and</strong> six feet<br />

across. The bloom spikes rise three to<br />

four feet above the foliage.<br />


S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 2 1


With a 1978 visit to loan officer Betty<br />

Camblin at the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Bank of America,<br />

family physician Dr. Jim Hay, newly released<br />

from his time in the navy at Camp Pendleton,<br />

obtained (on a h<strong>and</strong>shake <strong>and</strong> with a h<strong>and</strong>written<br />

proforma) the financing to start North<br />

Coast Family Medical Group. Dr. Jim Quigley<br />

joined him in 1982 (<strong>and</strong> retired in 2013)<br />

followed by Dr. Richard Payne in 1986 <strong>and</strong> now<br />

with Drs. Craig Duck, Amy Kakimoto <strong>and</strong><br />

Christine Clotfelter, NCFMG is a group of five<br />

family physicians <strong>and</strong> four Physician Assistants<br />

serving over 15,000 North County residents<br />

with patient-centered preventive, medical, <strong>and</strong><br />

total family care. In 1978 only the <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Medical Group (Dr. Cook, Clark, <strong>and</strong> Summers)<br />

<strong>and</strong> Drs. Charles (Fred) Brass <strong>and</strong> Tony Armino<br />

in Solana Beach were providing general medical<br />

care to the local area. <strong>Encinitas</strong> <strong>and</strong> Carlsbad<br />

were growing rapidly, replacing flower fields<br />

with houses <strong>and</strong> a new population that needed<br />

medical care.<br />

1 2 2 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

With the advent of managed care (PPOs <strong>and</strong><br />

HMOs) in the mid-1980s, Dr. Hay led the<br />

effort to create an Independent Physician<br />

Association (IPA), North County Physicians’<br />

Medical Group, which later merged with<br />

Primary Care Associates (PCA), becoming one<br />

of the most successful IPAs in San Diego<br />

County, connecting doctors who wished to run<br />

their own practices as opposed to affiliate with<br />

hospital systems. NCFMG <strong>and</strong> PCA remain<br />

very successful by providing the way for both<br />

patients <strong>and</strong> doctors to navigate the health care<br />

system successfully.<br />

Recognizing the growth potential, Drs. Hay<br />

<strong>and</strong> Quigley were two of the 14 partners who<br />

designed <strong>and</strong> built the North Coast Health<br />

Center on El Camino Real, a successful effort<br />

almost fully leased from opening day in 1988.<br />

The subsequent owners have added a 4th<br />

building <strong>and</strong> the center remains a commercial<br />

success story in <strong>Encinitas</strong> as well. NCFMG<br />

celebrated its 40th anniversary in 2018 by<br />

enlarging <strong>and</strong> modernizing its office <strong>and</strong> our<br />

doctors continue to enjoy their part in making<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> what it has become.<br />

G<br />

Previous page, bottom: Left to right:<br />

Craig Duck, MD, Christine Clotfelter,<br />

DO, Richard Payne, MD, Amy<br />

Kakimoto, MD.<br />

Above, left: Dr. James Hay.<br />

Left: Dr. James Quigley.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 2 3

THE SELF-<br />




RETREAT &<br />

ASHRAM<br />

CENTER<br />

G<br />

Top: The three large lotus towers<br />

along South Coast Highway 101,<br />

designed <strong>and</strong> dedicated by<br />

Paramahansa Yogan<strong>and</strong>a in 1948,<br />

welcome all to the Self-Realization<br />

Fellowship Hermitage, Retreat <strong>and</strong><br />

Ashram Center.<br />

Right: Paramahansa Yogan<strong>and</strong>a<br />

(1893-1952) wrote much of his<br />

spiritual classic Autobiography of a<br />

Yogi at his hermitage in <strong>Encinitas</strong>,<br />

pictured here in 1938.<br />

Below: The SRF Meditation Gardens<br />

in <strong>Encinitas</strong> offer stunning views of<br />

the Pacific Ocean.<br />



The Self-Realization Fellowship (SRF)<br />

Hermitage, Retreat <strong>and</strong> Ashram Center,<br />

established in 1937 by Paramahansa<br />

Yogan<strong>and</strong>a—a world teacher who brought<br />

India’s ancient science of meditation to the West<br />

in 1920—has been welcoming visitors since the<br />

1930s to its tranquil environs on the bluffs of<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>, overlooking the Pacific.<br />

The 17-acre Center has a rich history—one<br />

that began with an inner vision experienced by<br />

Yogan<strong>and</strong>a in which he realized he would one<br />

day have an ashram by the ocean. In his earlier<br />

years in America—soon after establishing the<br />

international headquarters of his society, Self-<br />

Realization Fellowship (in Los Angeles in<br />

1925)—he began searching for the right place<br />

to build a hermitage where he could retreat from<br />

the world <strong>and</strong> commune with God.<br />

One of his favorite places of meditation was<br />

along the <strong>Encinitas</strong> bluffs overlooking the<br />

Pacific Ocean, known as Noonan’s Point. He<br />

would frequently travel the 100 miles or so with<br />

a group of his disciples <strong>and</strong> spend the day there,<br />

picnicking, <strong>and</strong> meditating <strong>and</strong> chanting.<br />

While Yogan<strong>and</strong>a was in India during a<br />

return trip in the mid-1930s, one of his<br />

foremost disciples, Rajarsi Janakan<strong>and</strong>a (James<br />

J. Lynn), acquired the property at Noonan’s<br />

Point as a surprise gift to Yogan<strong>and</strong>a. Upon his<br />

return to America, Yogan<strong>and</strong>a was driven to the<br />

1 2 4 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

site by Rajarsi <strong>and</strong> some of his other close<br />

disciples, where he was surprised with the<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Hermitage. He recognized the<br />

building from visions he had since youth, <strong>and</strong> a<br />

prophecy made by his guru, Swami Sri<br />

Yukteswar, that he would someday have “a<br />

retreat by the ocean.”<br />

Yogan<strong>and</strong>a dedicated the SRF Hermitage <strong>and</strong><br />

Ashram Center in 1937. Soon after, he<br />

established the Golden Lotus Temple on the<br />

site, where he conducted services until 1942,<br />

when the temple toppled due to soil erosion. A<br />

new temple was built in the late 1970s <strong>and</strong> is<br />

located at 939 Second Street. The three large<br />

lotus towers along South Coast Highway 101<br />

were designed <strong>and</strong> dedicated by Yogan<strong>and</strong>a<br />

in 1948.<br />

Yogan<strong>and</strong>a frequently invited students to<br />

attend informal satsangas <strong>and</strong> classes on his<br />

teachings at the Hermitage. He also received<br />

many visitors, including prominent figures in<br />

science, business, <strong>and</strong> the arts, such as<br />

conductor Leopold Stokowski, actress Greta<br />

Garbo, opera star Amelita Galli-Curci, scholar<br />

<strong>and</strong> author Dr. W. Y. Evans-Wentz, <strong>and</strong> scientist<br />

Dr. N.N. Das.<br />

Today, the SRF Hermitage <strong>and</strong> Ashram Center<br />

consists of monastic communities for SRF monks<br />

<strong>and</strong> nuns, retreat accommodations for SRF<br />

members <strong>and</strong> friends, <strong>and</strong> cliffside meditation<br />

gardens open to the public. The Hermitage,<br />

where Yogan<strong>and</strong>a lived <strong>and</strong> worked for many<br />

years <strong>and</strong> where he wrote his spiritual classic<br />

Autobiography of a Yogi, has been preserved <strong>and</strong> is<br />

open from 2-4 p.m. on Sundays.<br />

The SRF Hermitage, Retreat <strong>and</strong> Ashram<br />

Center is located at 215 K Street. SRF Books <strong>and</strong><br />

Gifts is located at 1150 South Coast Hwy 101,<br />

<strong>and</strong> offers SRF publications as well as distinctive<br />

arts <strong>and</strong> crafts from India. For more<br />

information, please call 760 753-2888 or visit<br />

http://encinitastemple.org/.<br />

G<br />

Top: A view of the SRF Retreat,<br />

Hermitage, <strong>and</strong> Ashram Center in<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>, overlooking “Swami’s<br />

Beach,” nicknamed after<br />

Paramahansa Yogan<strong>and</strong>a, originally<br />

known as Swami Yogan<strong>and</strong>a.<br />

Bottom: Thous<strong>and</strong>s of visitors come<br />

each year from around the globe to<br />

retreat, reflect <strong>and</strong> meditate at the<br />

meditation gardens located at the 17-<br />

acre SRF Hermitage <strong>and</strong> Ashram<br />

Center. It is at the Hermitage where<br />

Paramahansa Yogan<strong>and</strong>a wrote most<br />

of his Autobiography of a Yogi.<br />



S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 2 5


THE-SEA<br />

BRANCH<br />


G<br />

The Cardiff-by-the-Sea Branch<br />

Library is located at 2081<br />

Newcastle Avenue.<br />


On Christmas Eve 1913, thirty-eight people<br />

signed a petition which read: “We, the<br />

undersigned respectfully make application for<br />

the establishment of a Free Circulating Library<br />

at this place, the books to be placed in S. M.<br />

Holbrook’s store.”<br />

That store was the Cullen or Mercantile<br />

Building at the corner of San Elijo Avenue <strong>and</strong><br />

Chesterfield Drive which still exists. S. M.<br />

Holbrook’s name heads the list of signers. The<br />

library opened on March 18, 1914 <strong>and</strong> Mrs.<br />

Holbrook became the keeper of the books.<br />

Since 1913 to the present date, the library<br />

has had many homes, including a real<br />

estate/insurance office, the post office, <strong>and</strong> from<br />

there to the Scout House in Glen Park.<br />

In 1947, the library moved to a variety shop<br />

owned by the Maudlin family at 137<br />

Chesterfield Avenue. That building no longer<br />

exists. The Mauldins were the parents of World<br />

War II cartoonist Bill Mauldin. After the<br />

Mauldins closed their store in 1950, the<br />

community’s library needs were serviced by a<br />

bookmobile until 1960.<br />

In 1961, the Jepson family constructed a<br />

strip mall which provided a space for the library<br />

at 2139 Newcastle Avenue. The “Friends of the<br />

Cardiff Library” was formed in the 1980s <strong>and</strong><br />

this philanthropic group was instrumental in<br />

getting the library moved to the Cardiff Town<br />

Center. In 1990, a beautification grant from the<br />

City of <strong>Encinitas</strong> allowed for an expansion.<br />

The “Friends” continued its efforts to find a<br />

permanent home for the library. With tireless<br />

support from then-Supervisor Pam Slater-Price,<br />

a grant from Hamilton-White Foundation <strong>and</strong><br />

tremendous community contributions, the new<br />

library was opened at a ribbon-cutting ceremony<br />

on March 22, 2003 at its present location on the<br />

northeast corner of Liverpool <strong>and</strong> Newcastle.<br />

The building was designed by La Jolla<br />

Architect Manuel Oncino.<br />

1 2 6 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

In the spring of 1983, several local residents<br />

saw the need for a “Friends of the Library”<br />

support group whose mission would be to work<br />

for the preservation <strong>and</strong> betterment of the<br />

Library. In April 1984, a formal organization—<br />

Friends of the Cardiff-by-the-Sea Library—was<br />

founded with the late Betty Knutson <strong>and</strong> Irene<br />

Kratzer spearheading the group.<br />

“We were threatened with being closed,”<br />

explained Kratzer. “We didn’t want that to<br />

happen. Another lady called me <strong>and</strong> asked<br />

me about forming a friends’ group. We asked a<br />

few people to get involved. Once, the Chamber<br />

of Commerce became involved, it snowballed<br />

from there.”<br />

At the time, the library was located on<br />

Newcastle Avenue in a facility so small that<br />

when they had children’s programs, they had<br />

move out equipment <strong>and</strong> supplies to make<br />

room for the kids.<br />

The “Friends of the Library” adopted a<br />

three-tiered approach—to relocate, exp<strong>and</strong>,<br />

<strong>and</strong> build a new library. That goal was reached<br />

with the gr<strong>and</strong> opening of the new library<br />

facility at 2081 Newcastle Avenue on March<br />

22, 2003.<br />

Since then, the Friends of the Cardiff Library<br />

have introduced many wonderful community<br />

programs, including yearly scholarships to<br />

graduating high school seniors, the First<br />

Wednesday concert series, author talks,<br />

children’s programs <strong>and</strong> adult art classes. And,<br />

not to mention Kratzer’s pet project, the Mile of<br />


Pennies (MOP) fundraiser. The MOP is fueled<br />

by donations plus recycling.<br />

“The year that we started the fundraiser, we<br />

gathered pennies until we reached our goal,”<br />

said Kratzer. “Within ten months, we had our<br />

first mile of pennies. Since then, we have<br />

collected in many different ways. The<br />

schoolchildren used it as a math project.”<br />

For the record, there are 16 pennies in a foot<br />

<strong>and</strong> 84,480 pennies (or $844.80) in a mile.<br />

G<br />

Above: Shoppers in the Book Nook<br />

Below: Author Marion Ross addresses<br />

a book talk.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 2 7



RANCH<br />

MUSEUM<br />

G<br />

Above: The Main Museum building<br />

contains exhibits relating to the<br />

history of the San Dieguito region.<br />

Below: The Museum has an extensive<br />

collection of photos documenting the<br />

history of the area, like this one<br />

showing the <strong>Encinitas</strong> train station<br />

in 1887.<br />

The San Dieguito Heritage Museum was<br />

founded in 1988 to preserve artifacts, photos,<br />

archives <strong>and</strong> stories pertaining to local history<br />

before they were lost to the passage of time. The<br />

San Dieguito region comprises the area<br />

surrounding <strong>and</strong> including communities of Del<br />

Mar, Solana Beach <strong>and</strong> <strong>Encinitas</strong> (Leucadia,<br />

Cardiff, Olivenhain), <strong>and</strong> Rancho Santa Fe—<br />

roughly the area between the Batiquitos Lagoon<br />

<strong>and</strong> the Los Peñasquitos Lagoon. The Museum<br />

founders had deep roots in these local<br />

communities <strong>and</strong> cherished the uniqueness of<br />

the history in the area.They sought to share this<br />

history through a combination of h<strong>and</strong>s-on<br />

experiences as well as traditional exhibits.<br />

Thanks to the generosity of the City of<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>, the 1.5-acre property at 450 Quail<br />

Gardens Drive (Heritage Ranch) was made<br />

available, <strong>and</strong> this allowed the Museum to move<br />

to its permanent home in 2007. Since that time,<br />

we have created our living-history museum,<br />

spanning the history of the region from the early<br />

Native <strong>People</strong>s through to the 1980s, including<br />

the Main Museum building, a Kumeyaay ‘Ewaa,<br />

1 2 8 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

G<br />

Top: The grounds feature historic<br />

buildings such as the 1920s Ecke<br />

Ranch Bunkhouse (left) <strong>and</strong> the 1890s<br />

General Store building.<br />

Middle, left: The Museum hosts a<br />

wide variety of events. Here it is set<br />

up for a Farm-to-Table dinner. In the<br />

background is the 1880s Teten Farm<br />

House which was originally in<br />

Olivenhain <strong>and</strong> is now a walkthrough<br />

exhibit featuring original<br />

furnishings from the home.<br />

Middle, right: The San Dieguito<br />

Heritage Museum is a great place for<br />

children to learn about how people<br />

lived in the past.<br />

Bottom, right: Docents conduct tours<br />

of the exhibits for visitors, students<br />

<strong>and</strong> adult groups.<br />

the 1885 Teten house from Olivenhain, the<br />

General Store, the Ecke Ranch Bunk House, the<br />

Main Street Building, <strong>and</strong> our latest addition,<br />

the 1885 Dunham House from Del Mar.<br />

The museum is open to the public for<br />

tours with knowledgeable docents on h<strong>and</strong><br />

to enhance the experience. School groups<br />

learn about local history with engaging h<strong>and</strong>son<br />

activities <strong>and</strong> the museum hosts annual<br />

events <strong>and</strong> family activities related to the<br />

history of the area. The history on display<br />

not only provides a fascinating stroll through<br />

time, but the entire Heritage Ranch serves<br />

as a unique backdrop for community events<br />

<strong>and</strong> celebrations, <strong>and</strong> life’s milestone events.<br />

For more information about the museum <strong>and</strong><br />

for the current hours of operation, visit our<br />

website at www.sdheritage.org.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 2 9

G<br />



TREE<br />

Bottom, left: Parkdale Lane<br />

Elementary School Honors Choir<br />

accompanied by Sarah Brown on flute.<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>’ famed Heritage tree was planted in<br />

1952 by two brothers, Peter <strong>and</strong> John Danforth.<br />

The now 87’ tall Norfolk Isl<strong>and</strong> Pine, located at<br />

4th Street <strong>and</strong> C Street above Moonlight Beach,<br />

was designated by the City of <strong>Encinitas</strong> as a<br />

“Heritage Tree” in 2011, the second tree in<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> to achieve this protected status. Today<br />

the tree is adorned once a year with LED lights,<br />

then lit up on a Friday, the day before the city’s<br />

annual Christmas parade, signifying the official<br />

beginning of the city’s annual holiday season. The<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society serves as the event’s<br />

official sponsor.<br />

Starting in 1994, local long-time resident, Luis<br />

Ortiz, was inspired to light up the tree. Approaching<br />

the Danforth family, he was given permission to<br />

string lights on the tree. Luis donated his time <strong>and</strong><br />

money, along with donations from the community<br />

<strong>and</strong> labor from his local buddies, to start what has<br />

now become an annual <strong>Encinitas</strong> tradition. Luis<br />

kept at it, reaching out to the community to keep<br />

the tradition going, annually raising funds <strong>and</strong><br />

donations of labor <strong>and</strong> equipment to light up the<br />

tree. He recruited neighbors <strong>and</strong> merchants to<br />

support the effort, an effort that has grown into the<br />

annual tradition it has become.<br />

Helping Luis behind the scenes for nearly<br />

twenty years, Jim Filanc took over event<br />

management <strong>and</strong> emcee duties in 2015. He<br />

collaborated with the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society<br />

to serve as the event’s official sponsor. In 2017, the<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society raised $24,000 to pay<br />

for a permanent power supply, saving on annual<br />

operating costs. As a result, the Heritage tree now<br />

has its own address, 406 4th Street. Today, the<br />

event has grown to include local chorales,<br />

musicians <strong>and</strong> school choirs, with crowds swelling<br />

to nearly five hundred.<br />

1 3 0 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

DR KENT<br />

POLLOCK/<br />




Dr. Kent W Pollock II, a second-generation<br />

chiropractor, started practicing in Carlsbad,<br />

California, in 2003. He moved offices to a<br />

wonderful new location in Downtown<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>, California in 2014.<br />

Following in his father’s footsteps, he graduated<br />

from Clevel<strong>and</strong> Chiropractic College Los Angeles.<br />

Having grown up around alternative medicine, he<br />

has seen countless positive life-changing experiences<br />

in others through natural chiropractic care.<br />

Chiropractic Center of North County uses a<br />

variety of safe <strong>and</strong> effective chiropractic<br />

techniques in order to stabilize, strengthen, <strong>and</strong><br />

heal the body.<br />

Science has proven that everyone has an<br />

inborn or innate intelligence that utilizes the<br />

nervous system to control <strong>and</strong> regulate the body’s<br />

vital functions as it relates the environment. This<br />

inner wisdom works both consciously <strong>and</strong><br />

subconsciously at keeping you in balance with<br />

the proper heart rate, release of hormones,<br />

digestion of foods, regulates our breathing cycles<br />

<strong>and</strong> so on. This system is always on <strong>and</strong> always<br />

functioning—24 hours a day, seven days a week.<br />

The most serious Interferences to this system<br />

occur when certain short or long-term stress is<br />

too much for the body to h<strong>and</strong>le. These stresses<br />

can arise from various sources, such as physical<br />

stresses, chemical <strong>and</strong> nutritional<br />

stresses, emotional stresses,<br />

toxins in the environment <strong>and</strong><br />

electromagnetic pollution. Any of<br />

these stresses will cause nerve<br />

interferences that result in<br />

malfunction to every system in<br />

the body. Research has shown<br />

that if these interferences persist<br />

for more than ten days,<br />

imbalances develop in the body,<br />

scar tissue forms, <strong>and</strong> cells cease<br />

to function properly.<br />

As Doctor Pollock says, “I am a<br />

firm believer that everyone can<br />

benefit regardless of age, current<br />

health problems, or pain levels.<br />

Chiropractic care simply improves<br />

the quality of your life <strong>and</strong> health.<br />

Alignment is everything.”<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 3 1



G<br />

Top: Past <strong>and</strong> present guild presidents<br />

in September 1976. Back row (from<br />

left to right): Olivia C. Walker ‘66-<br />

’67; Betty Sturdevan, ‘75-’77; Margi<br />

Morgan, ‘72-’73; <strong>and</strong> Bill Wicknick,<br />

‘67-’68. Front row (from left to right):<br />

Dorothe Reavell, ‘73-’75; Sue Beere,<br />

‘65-’66; <strong>and</strong> Mary Ellen Melton,<br />

‘72-’73.<br />

Middle: Offtrack Gallery was located<br />

downstairs for over ten years with the<br />

Pannikin Coffee & Tea Shop upstairs.<br />

Bottom: Artist/members enjoy several<br />

opportunities: use of space in the Off<br />

Track Gallery, attending an<br />

educational meetup called Show &<br />

Tell, volunteering to be a featured<br />

artist, joining the Plein Aire outdoor<br />

painter’s group, or serve on a variety<br />

of committees that support the<br />

guild’s activities.<br />

Founded in 1965, the San Dieguito Art Guild<br />

has served North County’s community by<br />

providing opportunities for local artists to show<br />

<strong>and</strong> sell their artwork.<br />

The guild’s mission statement is to further<br />

artistic underst<strong>and</strong>ing of the Visual Arts through<br />

education of its members <strong>and</strong> the community at<br />

large. The first gallery location in <strong>Encinitas</strong> was<br />

behind the Corner Frame Shop on Highway<br />

101. However, most local residents remember<br />

when the Guild joined with the Off Track<br />

Gallery in 1982—becoming one entity—<br />

downstairs in the Pannikin.<br />

In 2006 the guild rented space in a metal<br />

building which was torn down to make way for<br />

Pacific Station.<br />

In 2009 the Gallery moved to what has proved<br />

to be an ideal location at the Lumberyard<br />

Shopping Center in downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

SDAG members enjoy several opportunities:<br />

displaying their artwork in space in the Off<br />

Track Gallery, attending an educational meetup<br />

called Show & Tell, volunteering to be a<br />

featured artist, joining the Plein Aire outdoor<br />

painters, or serving on a variety of committees<br />

that support the guild’s activities.<br />

The Mother’s Day Weekend Art, Garden, <strong>and</strong><br />

Studio Tour was first organized over thirty years<br />

ago with a goal of inviting the public to view<br />

<strong>and</strong> purchase artwork at members’ studios.<br />

Proceeds from the tour help defray the costs of<br />

operating the Off Track Gallery <strong>and</strong> are used to<br />

invest in the community.<br />

In 2012 the Guild became a 501(c)3<br />

nonprofit organization. Current programs focus<br />

on providing financial support to local visual art<br />

students who show exceptional promise.<br />

1 3 2 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e




On Good Friday, April 22nd, 2011, the<br />

community of <strong>Encinitas</strong> was gifted with the Surfing<br />

Madonna mosaic, <strong>Our</strong> Lady, Star of the Sea.<br />

Local artist, Mark Patterson <strong>and</strong> his good friend<br />

Bob Nichols, dressed up as constructions workers<br />

<strong>and</strong> cl<strong>and</strong>estinely hung the beautiful Surfing<br />

Madonna mosaic with its “Save the Ocean” theme.<br />

The mosaic was originally mounted underneath<br />

the train bridge, across the street from its current<br />

home. The mosaic received international attention<br />

while the artist remained anonymous for months<br />

until discovered. Although beloved by the<br />

community, she could not stay there <strong>and</strong> eventually<br />

found her new permanent home directly across the<br />

street from her original location.<br />

Mark Patterson <strong>and</strong> Bob Nichols sought to<br />

raise awareness of the value of the world’s<br />

Oceans. Through Mark’s his vision he created the<br />

Surfing Madonna mosaic to spread a message of<br />

environmental awareness of Mother Ocean.<br />

The mosaic gave birth to the Surfing Madonna<br />

Oceans Project which has continued to serve the<br />

Ocean <strong>and</strong> community through funding of local<br />

arts, environmental awareness, <strong>and</strong> by introducing<br />

special needs youth <strong>and</strong> those with disabilities to<br />

the joys of the ocean through free summer surf<br />

camps <strong>and</strong> aquatic programming.<br />

In 2013 Bob Nichols created the Surfing<br />

Madonna Beach Run to raise funds for the<br />

organization <strong>and</strong> their projects. And in 2017 the<br />

Guinness Book of World Records declared it the<br />

“Largest Beach Run in the World”.<br />

Says The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Advocate, “It’s official:<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> is the world record-holder for the largest<br />

beach run. The Surfing Madonna Beach Run on<br />

Nov. 5, 2017 earned the new Guinness Book of<br />

World Records title after more than 4,000 people<br />

ran across the s<strong>and</strong>s of Moonlight Beach.”<br />

Since 2014 the Surfing Madonna Oceans<br />

Projects has donated over $600,000 to a variety<br />

of local ocean, beach, park <strong>and</strong> humanitarian<br />

related projects through its events.<br />

It’s amazing to think that all this started from<br />

the installation of a mosaic by two guys dressed<br />

as construction workers.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 3 3

GASPAR<br />




G<br />

The Gaspar Family: left to right-<br />

Payton 13, Addison 11, Kristin,<br />

Carson 15, <strong>and</strong> Paul Gaspar at Zion<br />

National Park, 2020.<br />

Gaspar Doctors of Physical<br />

Therapy (GPT) has been part of<br />

the fabric of <strong>Encinitas</strong> since its<br />

establishment at Frog’s Athletic<br />

Club in 1994. The practice has<br />

grown from a 350-square foot<br />

office to seven locations,<br />

employing 30 therapists <strong>and</strong><br />

over 100 employees. GPT now<br />

treats almost 7,000 new patients<br />

per year.<br />

Employees of GPT have taken<br />

great pride in serving their<br />

community in many ways<br />

including, but not limited to,<br />

donating money <strong>and</strong> providing onfield<br />

sports medicine coverage for<br />

high school sports <strong>and</strong> Pop Warner,<br />

through stewardship with the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Rotary Club,<br />

getting their h<strong>and</strong>s dirty with the Rotary Home Team<br />

<strong>and</strong> Wine Festival, coaching the two-time National<br />

Champion, the La Costa Canyon Lady Mavericks<br />

Cheerleaders, <strong>and</strong> through Kristin’s service as<br />

County Supervisor <strong>and</strong> <strong>Encinitas</strong>’ first-elected Mayor.<br />

GPT moved its <strong>Encinitas</strong> headquarters<br />

to the former Chili’s in 2021 to better<br />

accommodate patients during the p<strong>and</strong>emic.<br />

We wish all Encinitans great health <strong>and</strong><br />

happiness, as we look forward to seeing you<br />

around town soon!<br />

101 ARTISTS’<br />

COLONY<br />

The “Colony” was established in 1998<br />

<strong>and</strong> became a magical hub for the community<br />

<strong>and</strong> its artists to come together for painting,<br />

performance, classes, <strong>and</strong> all things creative.<br />

This artist-operated <strong>and</strong> funded co-op initially<br />

operated a gallery at the Lumberyard Center.<br />

There was a big move in 2001 to its own<br />

building at 25 East E Street <strong>and</strong> it was in<br />

this old ’30s sheet-metal shop that the Colony<br />

became known as the Art Center for <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

From 2004-2007, the Colony operated in<br />

the buildings pictured which spanned the<br />

block from A Street to B Street on the PCH.<br />

This was the last hurrah for a place to call<br />

home. The Colony is a model for future art<br />

centers in <strong>Encinitas</strong> <strong>and</strong> is still going today<br />

producing its annual Arts Alive Exhibit with<br />

dozens of paintings by local artists exhibited<br />

on light poles from Leucadia to Cardiff, its<br />

“Full Moon Poets” Poetry Slams at La Paloma<br />

Theater, <strong>and</strong> the Halloween Fun Zone at<br />

the Lumberyard.<br />

1 3 4 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e


Bringing a piece of notable public art to<br />

fruition was an invaluable experience. It never<br />

would have happened if not for my sister,<br />

Meredith Straw. She was a prolific contributor<br />

to her community. A member on the boards<br />

of the Friends of the Cardiff-by-the-Sea Library<br />

<strong>and</strong> the Chamber of Commerce, Meredith asked<br />

me to get involved in the community by<br />

volunteering before she passed away in 2003.<br />

She said it would change my life. Needless<br />

to say, it has. In 2004, I took her place on<br />

both boards.<br />

In a community so well defined by its surfing<br />

tradition, the sculpture at the intersection of<br />

Chesterfield <strong>and</strong> South Coast Highway 101<br />

sparked a debate amongst critics <strong>and</strong> supporters<br />

of the piece. The delicate balance of displaying<br />

public art was forced off center when The Magic<br />

Carpet Ride statue was publicly unveiled July 22,<br />

2007. Better known as the “Cardiff Kook” the<br />

art is now iconic <strong>and</strong> the community has<br />

embraced it by creating various costume <strong>and</strong> set<br />

designs to showcase it.<br />

The Cardiff Botanical Society, a part of the<br />

Cardiff Chamber of Commerce commissioned<br />

well-known artist Matt Antichevich to create<br />

the bronze statue. I, Susan Hays, was joined<br />

on the selection committee by Mike Clark,<br />

Barbara Cobb, Sheri Fox, Don Hansen, Carol<br />

Holub, Brad Maassen, <strong>and</strong> Danny Salzh<strong>and</strong>ler.<br />

The highly technical piece of world-class<br />

art represents an everyday surfer performing<br />

a “floater.”<br />

Indeed, people talked about the details of the<br />

art itself but not as much about the process of<br />

bringing art out of the gallery <strong>and</strong> into the<br />

community. The work that goes into it is a labor<br />

of love <strong>and</strong> a testament to a community’s<br />

commitment to creativity. The Commission for<br />

the Arts donated $30,000 <strong>and</strong> we raised<br />

$62,000. It was a priceless investment to the<br />

residents <strong>and</strong> visitors of Cardiff-by-the-Sea.<br />

G<br />


S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 3 5

1 3 6 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e


E n c i n i t a s ’ r e s t a u r a n t s , b a n k s , a n d<br />

r e t a i l a n d c o m m e r c i a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s<br />

o f f e r a n i m p r e s s i v e v a r i e t y o f c h o i c e s<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Chamber of Commerce ......................................................1 3 8<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> 101 Mainstreet Association ...............................................1 4 0<br />

Leucadia 101 Main St. Association (L101) ........................................1 4 1<br />

Cardiff 101 Main Street Association .................................................1 4 2<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Preservation Society.........................................................1 4 3<br />

The Cardiff Mercantile/The Guild ....................................................1 4 4<br />

Seaside Market .............................................................................1 4 6<br />

PsyTek Lab ..................................................................................1 4 8<br />

C<strong>and</strong>ice Gerlach, CPA ....................................................................1 5 0<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Café ..............................................................................1 5 1<br />

Sunshine Gardens, Inc. ..................................................................1 5 2<br />

Rancho Auto Body .........................................................................1 5 3<br />

Soulscape Gifts & Bookstore ...........................................................1 5 4<br />

Hansen’s Surfboards ......................................................................1 5 5<br />

Fred Caldwell Antiques ..................................................................1 5 6<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Surfboards .....................................................................1 5 6<br />

Neal Glasgow Photography .............................................................1 5 7<br />

Artist Kevin Anderson ....................................................................1 5 8<br />

Kyle Thomas Photography ..............................................................1 5 9<br />

Artist Danny Salzh<strong>and</strong>ler ...............................................................1 6 0<br />

HPN/LedgeMedia ..........................................................................1 6 1<br />

Herman Cook VW .........................................................................1 6 2<br />

The Corner Frame Shop Tribute to Morgan Mallory ............................1 6 3<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 3 7




The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Chamber of Commerce was<br />

first incorporated in 1932 but became inactive<br />

due to the influence of the San Dieguito<br />

Chamber of Commerce conglomerate until<br />

1946 when Del Mar <strong>and</strong> Solana Beach formed<br />

their own chambers <strong>and</strong> at the same time the<br />

Cardiff-<strong>Encinitas</strong>-Leucadia Chamber was<br />

created as explained by historian Maura<br />

Wiegl<strong>and</strong>-Harvey who often wrote about the<br />

history of <strong>Encinitas</strong>. In 1959, Sid Shaw, who<br />

operated Surf Dry Cleaning, <strong>and</strong> others<br />

reactivated the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Chamber of Commerce<br />

with the intention of exclusively promoting<br />

businesses in the <strong>Encinitas</strong> community. The<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Chamber of Commerce played a<br />

major role in that community, including<br />

opposing the incorporation of a new city in<br />

1959 which was to be called “Marbello” <strong>and</strong><br />

what was later incorporated to form the City<br />

of <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

Soon the competition heated up between the<br />

Cardiff-<strong>Encinitas</strong>-Leucadia Chamber <strong>and</strong> the<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Chamber of Commerce <strong>and</strong> eventually<br />

escalated into the legal arena. In 1960, the court<br />

urged the two rival organizations to combine;<br />

they eventually merged in 1964. Since the<br />

City of <strong>Encinitas</strong> had not yet incorporated,<br />

there was no official local government in the<br />

area. As a result, the newly merged chamber<br />

grew to be a major force, taking on<br />

responsibilities like paving alleys <strong>and</strong> even<br />

petitioning for a second traffic light on Highway<br />

101, amongst others.<br />

The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Chamber of Commerce has<br />

been advocating for <strong>and</strong> promoting a healthy<br />

<strong>and</strong> prosperous business environment for over<br />

fifty years <strong>and</strong> is still focused today on its<br />

mission to help local businesses grow <strong>and</strong><br />

thrive. The Chamber helps connect the<br />

community with City officials <strong>and</strong> provides<br />

many opportunities each year for business<br />

owners to participate in the original form of<br />

networking. Annually, it hosts the State of the<br />

City Address, the Salute to Education, <strong>and</strong> the<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Oktoberfest.<br />

1 3 8 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

Oktoberfest, or Wiesn, is a 16 to 18-day folk<br />

festival held annually in Munich, Bavaria,<br />

Germany, running from late September to the first<br />

weekend in October with more than six million<br />

people from around the world in attendance every<br />

year. Oktoberfest began in Munich in 1810 <strong>and</strong> is<br />

an important part of Bavarian culture. Other cities<br />

throughout the world also hold Oktoberfest<br />

celebrations, modeled after the Munich event.<br />

two hundred vendors, <strong>and</strong> a family food tent<br />

serving authentic German food <strong>and</strong> beer. There<br />

is also the Craft Corner beer tent serving some of<br />

San Diego County’s famous craft beer. A family<br />

Fun Zone rounds out the event.<br />

The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Oktoberfest brings together<br />

community <strong>and</strong> heritage, allowing all of us to<br />

celebrate the City’s German roots <strong>and</strong> be<br />

German for a day.<br />



<strong>Encinitas</strong> has German roots with the Colony<br />

Olivenhain (German for “olive grove”) founded<br />

in 1884 by German farmers. In 1994, the<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Chamber of Commerce Board<br />

Members got together to discuss creating an<br />

annual fundraising event for the Chamber.<br />

Chamber Vice President Edgar Engert <strong>and</strong> Board<br />

Member Frank Mangio were granted permission<br />

from the City to put on a local one-day<br />

Oktoberfest event to celebrate all things German.<br />

The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Oktoberfest takes place<br />

annually at the end of September or the<br />

beginning of October. It starts at the corner of El<br />

Camino Real <strong>and</strong> flows down Mountain Vista<br />

Drive to W<strong>and</strong>ering Road. The event features an<br />

authentic German b<strong>and</strong>, Bavarian dancers, up to<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 3 9

G<br />


<strong>Encinitas</strong> 101 MainStreet Association<br />

is located at 818 South Coast<br />

Highway 101 in <strong>Encinitas</strong>, <strong>and</strong> online<br />

at www.encinitas101.com.<br />

The mission of the <strong>Encinitas</strong> 101 MainStreet<br />

Association (E101) is to support our thriving<br />

downtown businesses <strong>and</strong> encourage historic<br />

preservation of our local l<strong>and</strong>marks so that<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> remains rich in culture <strong>and</strong> is a wonderful<br />

place to live, work, <strong>and</strong> play. E101 is proud to be<br />

part of the National Association of MainStreet Cities<br />

Program, which encourages imaginative use of<br />

business <strong>and</strong> government resources to support<br />

local downtown <strong>and</strong> neighborhood commercial<br />

district revitalization efforts.<br />

E101 was established in 1982 <strong>and</strong>, over the<br />

past four decades, we have helped to shape our<br />

downtown into an active <strong>and</strong> vital part of the<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> community with locally owned retail<br />

shops, fine dining, cultural events, <strong>and</strong><br />

attractions that bring visitors from near <strong>and</strong> far.<br />

E101 takes pride in igniting downtown with<br />

creative art <strong>and</strong> cultural events. We host<br />

numerous events throughout the year including<br />

two local artisan-driven Street Fairs, Taste of<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>, <strong>Encinitas</strong> Cruise Nights, a Holiday<br />

Parade, <strong>and</strong> Safe Trick-Or-Treat. These events<br />

support downtown businesses <strong>and</strong> connect<br />

them with local residents, while also bringing<br />

music <strong>and</strong> entertainment to Coast Highway.<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> 101 MainStreet also sponsors<br />

various works of public art <strong>and</strong> other<br />

improvements to bring positive change to the<br />

coastal corridor of <strong>Encinitas</strong>. The organization<br />

recently sponsored the creation of wayfinding<br />

signs to help pedestrians <strong>and</strong> cyclists navigate<br />

the coastal corridor. The signs are bright <strong>and</strong><br />

aesthetically pleasing, <strong>and</strong> maintain the historic<br />

downtown beach vibe for both local residents<br />

<strong>and</strong> business owners alike.<br />

1 4 0 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

LEUCADIA 101<br />

MAIN ST.<br />


(L101)<br />

The Leucadia 101 Mainstreet Association was<br />

founded in 2003 to help promote <strong>and</strong> protect<br />

Leucadia’s unique culture <strong>and</strong> community <strong>and</strong><br />

supporting <strong>Encinitas</strong>’s construction of the Leucadia<br />

101 Streetscape. Initially, historical protection was<br />

one of our primary concerns. And what a history!<br />

Founded in 1875 (purportedly by English<br />

spiritualists) it’s always been one of the last great<br />

surf/beach towns along the coast. Visitors driving<br />

south always knew they had arrived when they<br />

came to our “tunnel of trees” <strong>and</strong> winding road that<br />

they had arrived in North County. Sadly, years of<br />

neglect <strong>and</strong> interest allowed our beautiful canopy<br />

to suffer, but Leucadia is now experiencing a new<br />

renaissance, thanks to an active group of locals.<br />

L101’s vision is to enhance the civic, cultural,<br />

<strong>and</strong> economic vitality of Leucadia. In advancement<br />

of the cultural objective, L101 has established a<br />

501©(3) charitable organization, the Leucadia<br />

Arts <strong>and</strong> Culture Foundation. L101’s initial<br />

primary objective was to support the city of<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> constructing the Leucadia Streetscape<br />

project. That project will be the city of <strong>Encinitas</strong>’s<br />

largest <strong>and</strong> most significant infrastructure<br />

improvement project to date.<br />

After pushing hard in support of that project<br />

from its inception, L101 finally obtained city<br />

approval of the project in 2010. After a number<br />

of delays, with L101’s continuing strong<br />

support, construction of the project is<br />

scheduled to begin early in 2021.<br />

Employing the incredible energy of Morgan<br />

Malory, a L101 founder <strong>and</strong> original President,<br />

L101 established two incredibly successful<br />

community events. The Leucadia Farmers’ Market<br />

<strong>and</strong> the Leucadia Art Walk, a juried art show with<br />

an annual attendance of 8000 to 10,000 people.<br />

Sadly, we lost Morgan towards the end of 2019.<br />

Leucadia lost a great champion. A list of other L101<br />

community accomplishments include facilitating<br />

the installation of sidewalks <strong>and</strong> the design of<br />

sidewalk stamps along N. Coast Hwy. 101; in<br />

support of local musicians, starting <strong>and</strong> maintaining<br />

the wonderful Leucadia music Festival, Summer<br />

Fun On The 101, celebrating its 10th anniversary;<br />

as well as the Battle of the B<strong>and</strong>s; the widely popular<br />

Taste of Leucadia; establishing an Adopt a Plant<br />

median project for 101; <strong>and</strong> many more.<br />

The accomplishment of which we are most<br />

proud is through our efforts, creating <strong>and</strong><br />

sustaining a safe family friendly atmosphere<br />

where residents <strong>and</strong> visitors alike can enjoy our<br />

unique, historic Coast Highway 101 Corridor.<br />

G<br />

Above: Leucadia residents swoon<br />

under the stars during the Savor<br />

Leucadia event.<br />


Below: The Bubble Guy(tm) entertains<br />

kids at Leucadia Roadside Park.<br />


S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 4 1

G<br />



The Cardiff 101 Main Street Association<br />

has deep roots in the community. Originally<br />

formed in 1963 as the Cardiff-by-the-Sea<br />

Chamber of Commerce the name was changed<br />

in 2010 to the Cardiff 101 Main Street<br />

Association, locally known as Cardiff 101. The<br />

new name better reflects the organization’s<br />

mission to promote economic vitality, historic<br />

preservation <strong>and</strong> beautification.<br />

Cardiff 101 hosts numerous popular<br />

community events. The town comes alive during<br />

the Taste of Cardiff, a celebration of the unique<br />

local restaurants <strong>and</strong> retailers. Cardiff Small<br />

Business Saturday kicks off the holiday season<br />

<strong>and</strong> promotes local businesses.<br />

Kringle Mingle is Cardiff’s most beloved<br />

Holiday celebration. A free event for the entire<br />

community with live music, holiday treats, kid’s<br />

crafts <strong>and</strong> Surfer Santa.<br />

Begun in 2005, Cardiff Dog Days of Summer<br />

has become one of the largest dog-centric<br />

events in San Diego County. This free event<br />

features over 100 dog-related vendors, rescue<br />

groups, pet adoption agencies, dog contests <strong>and</strong><br />

kids activities.<br />

Cardiff 101 activity supports local artists<br />

through mural projects that also enhance <strong>and</strong><br />

beautify the downtown business area.<br />

Cardiff has a long history of volunteers coming<br />

together to beautify the community. For many<br />

years Orville Carpentier <strong>and</strong> Wayne Holden<br />

volunteered hundreds of hours to clean-up <strong>and</strong><br />

l<strong>and</strong>scape the area around the entrance to Cardiff<br />

at Hwy 101 <strong>and</strong> Chesterfield Drive. Cardiff<br />

Chamber <strong>and</strong> later Cardiff 101 hired Linda Lee, a<br />

local horticulturist to maintain the parkway. The<br />

area is now maintained by the Cardiff-by-the-Sea<br />

Foundation <strong>and</strong> City of <strong>Encinitas</strong>. The<br />

Foundation was formed in 2016 to support the<br />

Cardiff 101 Main Street environmental <strong>and</strong><br />

aesthetic improvements.<br />

Cardiff-by-the-Sea is a charming, beautiful<br />

<strong>and</strong> historical beach community, an eclectic mix<br />

of residents, tourists, professionals <strong>and</strong> artisans<br />

seeking to live the California dream.<br />

1 4 2 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e




<strong>Encinitas</strong> is home to the iconic boathouses,<br />

two of the West Coast’s most intriguing<br />

l<strong>and</strong>marks. Completely h<strong>and</strong>crafted in 1927<br />

<strong>and</strong> 1928 by local Miles Minor Kellogg <strong>and</strong> son<br />

Miles Justus Kellogg. The S.S. Moonlight <strong>and</strong><br />

the S.S. <strong>Encinitas</strong> were purchased in 2008 by<br />

the newly formed <strong>Encinitas</strong> Preservation<br />

Association (EPA), which is mostly comprised of<br />

passionate members from the Downtown<br />

Mainstreet Association (E101) <strong>and</strong> the <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Historical Society. The EPA is dedicated to<br />

preserving historic buildings <strong>and</strong> places that<br />

represent our early history. The 1.55-milliondollar<br />

purchase price was made possible<br />

through a partnership with the City of <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

using developers fees.<br />

These unique homes located at 726 <strong>and</strong> 732<br />

3rd Street, are an impressive sight to see, as if<br />

both washed ashore in a violent storm yet<br />

somehow calmly made their way to the bluffs,<br />

where they have rested ever since. Of course,<br />

these boats have never seen water. They were<br />

built almost entirely of recycled materials,<br />

including some wood from the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Hotel’s<br />

third floor <strong>and</strong> parts of the Moonlight Beach<br />

Dance Pavilion. Over the years, small upgrades<br />

<strong>and</strong> repairs have been done to keep the<br />

properties intact, as they continue to lure<br />

sightseers from all around the world, as well as<br />

keeping these affordable housing boats’ own<br />

residents happy. Both homes have tenants <strong>and</strong><br />

will continue to until the mortgage is paid off.<br />

At the time, the EPA will decide whether to keep<br />

one of the boats as a rental unit. Most<br />

importantly, on October 12, 2019, the<br />

community joined together with EPA <strong>and</strong><br />

dedicated the S.S. Moonlight <strong>and</strong> it’s sister ship<br />

S.S. <strong>Encinitas</strong> on the National Register of<br />

Historic Places. This final ceremony helped seal<br />

their fate not just as a local but a nationally<br />

recognized treasure for all to enjoy.<br />

G<br />

Above: A vintage photograph of<br />

The Boathouses.<br />


Below: The Boathouses today.<br />


S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 4 3




Since the earliest days of its settlement in the<br />

late 1800s, the town of Cardiff has fostered a<br />

community that is forward-thinking <strong>and</strong><br />

equates economic development with prosperity<br />

for all. The collaborative spirit of kinship <strong>and</strong><br />

abundance drove the town’s early founding<br />

fathers as they built out the infrastructure <strong>and</strong><br />

attracted new businesses <strong>and</strong> neighbors.<br />

The building at the heart of Cardiff’s growth,<br />

now known as Guild, was originally called the<br />

Cardiff Mercantile building, <strong>and</strong> was central to<br />

the development <strong>and</strong> character of the town. For<br />

over 100 years, it’s been the linchpin of growth in<br />

the community—in its population, its<br />

marketplace, <strong>and</strong> its entrepreneurial spirit.<br />

Built in 1911 by J. Frank Cullen, a San Diego<br />

real estate developer, the Mercantile building was<br />

envisioned as the cornerstone of a coastal artist<br />

colony, thoughtfully crafted to draw visitors,<br />

engage new residents <strong>and</strong> spark new relationships.<br />

He sold surrounding property lots for just $30 <strong>and</strong><br />

created an active market for expansion—beyond<br />

the funds to purchase, the new property owners<br />

just need to have passion, trust <strong>and</strong> a vision.<br />

Cullen also developed valuable community<br />

resources: beautiful Glen Park was an early<br />

project to benefit residents, <strong>and</strong> his donated l<strong>and</strong><br />

became the town’s first school location. He also<br />

helped create the first Irrigation District, which<br />

provided the town with a ready supply of fresh<br />

water, critical for growth. Cullen’s dedication to<br />

‘mercantilism’, or collaborative enterprise, set the<br />

foundation of a community still thriving today.<br />

The Cardiff Mercantile building, central to<br />

the town’s development <strong>and</strong> rapidly growing<br />

economy, evolved over the years, serving many<br />

different businesses. Throughout all the<br />

changes, the building remains a central<br />

structure in Cardiff, testament to the visionary<br />

spirit <strong>and</strong> tenacity of its original owner.<br />

1 4 4 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

The Guild today is a modern reflection of one<br />

of the earliest types of organizations supporting<br />

businesses <strong>and</strong> artisans. Medieval Guilds fostered<br />

collaboration, craftsmanship, <strong>and</strong> a sense of<br />

kinship—or belonging—for their members.<br />

Now the oldest st<strong>and</strong>ing building in Cardiff,<br />

The Guild has been owned since 1995 by<br />

Robert Ford Mance of Ford Mance Capital<br />

Advisors, a noted local real estate developer <strong>and</strong><br />

long-term Cardiff resident. It represents modern<br />

day mercantilism, more fully described as<br />

Conscious Capitalism, or Business for the Better.<br />

This is a belief that every business can make a<br />

contribution to the greater good by focusing on<br />

sustainability <strong>and</strong> adopting an innovational<br />

approach to meeting future challenges.<br />

Looking forward to the next 100 years, the<br />

Mance family of entrepreneurs is committed to the<br />

idea that a GUILD of artisans <strong>and</strong> merchants will<br />

help strengthen kinship within the community. By<br />

working to foster business principles of creativity,<br />

harmony <strong>and</strong> integrity, they’ll provide benefit to<br />

both themselves <strong>and</strong> their collaborators. Leading<br />

the charge on social entrepreneurship is daughter<br />

Melina Mance Domingues, who will build out The<br />

Guild’s community events <strong>and</strong> business programs.<br />

Currently housing a number of forwardthinking<br />

businesses <strong>and</strong> creatives, The Guild<br />

welcomes entrepreneurs, innovators <strong>and</strong> art<br />

enthusiasts to participate in a range of workshops,<br />

enrichment seminars <strong>and</strong> community gatherings.<br />

Combining old world architectural style <strong>and</strong><br />

panoramic ocean views, it the perfect atmosphere<br />

for purpose driven <strong>and</strong> out-of-the-box thinking.<br />

As Robert says, “Businesses are evolving with<br />

hope for the future—with collaboration rather<br />

than competition, <strong>and</strong> a focus on values. We think<br />

it’s no mystery this spirit represents the character<br />

of Cardiff; as a family owned company, we look<br />

forward to continuing this legacy of ‘kinship’ <strong>and</strong><br />

social entrepreneurship for the common wealth far<br />

into the future, to benefit the community <strong>and</strong> all<br />

our neighbors.”<br />

Through all phases of its evolution, The<br />

Guild has embodied the entrepreneurial spirit of<br />

its original builder, now carried forward by the<br />

vision of the Mance family <strong>and</strong> their investment<br />

in the future. Please stop by or visit<br />

GUILDVenue100.com to see how you can<br />

participate in ensuring that Cardiff’s essence of<br />

kinship lives on.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 4 5


MARKET<br />

G<br />

Above: Cardiff Seaside Market<br />

owners John (on left) <strong>and</strong> Peter<br />

Najjar honored as Cardiff’s Citizen’sof-the-Year<br />

in 1988 by the Cardiff<br />

Town Council.<br />

They call it “Cardiff Crack” <strong>and</strong>, like the<br />

name suggests, it is highly addictive. Cardiff<br />

Crack is the name affectionately attached to<br />

the Burgundy Pepper Tri-Tip from Seaside<br />

Market on San Elijo Avenue in Cardiff Town<br />

Center. This item has been a staple for shoppers<br />

at the market since the late 1980s.<br />

The Burgundy Pepper Tri-Tip is a delicious<br />

USDA Choice, high grade tri-tip that has been<br />

trimmed, marinated <strong>and</strong> infused with an<br />

incomparable burgundy pepper marinade. The<br />

result is a tri-tip that is incredibly tender <strong>and</strong><br />

flavorful. Working with a local spice company,<br />

market co-owner Pete Najjar took the lead in<br />

creating the concoction, although it took<br />

many trials before he settled on a recipe. It<br />

certainly has worked as customers can’t<br />

seem to get enough of this marinated<br />

delight. Hence the name, Cardiff Crack.<br />

The product has become the most<br />

recognizable item at Seaside Market <strong>and</strong><br />

people have been known to travel great<br />

distances to buy it. So popular is “Cardiff<br />

Crack” that it even has its own<br />

Wikipedia page.<br />

But, there’s plenty more than the<br />

celebrated tri-tip to explore at Seaside<br />

Market. For example, the produce<br />

department focuses on outst<strong>and</strong>ing<br />

locally-sourced items. The market is well<br />

known for its gourmet cheese<br />

department, as well as the prepared<br />

1 4 6 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

cuisine department, where everything is made<br />

fresh in-store daily.<br />

Opened in 1985 by brothers John <strong>and</strong> Pete<br />

Najjar, Seaside Market has enchanted customers<br />

since day one. The spacious 18,500 square foot<br />

store—it was recently exp<strong>and</strong>ed from 13,000<br />

square feet—has become a gathering place for<br />

locals to meet for something scrumptious from the<br />

deli counter or just to sip a fine blend of coffee.<br />

Before opening Seaside Market, John <strong>and</strong> Pete<br />

worked multiple jobs in San Diego just to make<br />

ends meet. With a desire to make more money,<br />

they began to look for other opportunities. They<br />

reached out to a cousin <strong>and</strong> went scouting the<br />

county for business opportunities.<br />

“We found this space in Cardiff that was<br />

originally a Vons store,” said John Najjar. “But,<br />

the store had closed because they thought there<br />

wasn’t enough business in the area.”<br />

A group of developers then purchased the<br />

building <strong>and</strong> remodeled it. A library was part of<br />

the center at that time but later moved to its own<br />

location. A grocery store opened briefly, but, “the<br />

center just didn’t have the right mix of product<br />

for the community,” said John.<br />

John <strong>and</strong> Pete, along with assistance from<br />

their cousin, leased the space from the l<strong>and</strong>lord<br />

who was anxious to bring in new tenants. They<br />

bought the existing equipment in the store for<br />

pennies on the dollar <strong>and</strong> Seaside Market was<br />

born. Gradually, the old equipment was<br />

replaced <strong>and</strong> Seaside has been an integral part of<br />

the fabric of Cardiff ever since.<br />

“When you become part of the community—<br />

you live there, raise your children there—that<br />

contributes to your success,” said John. “It<br />

seems every customer that walks through our<br />

door is either a friend of ours or is a friend of<br />

our children. We’ve watched those children<br />

grow up <strong>and</strong> have kids of their own.”<br />

For many businesses, expansion often means<br />

adding a second location. But, for John <strong>and</strong> Pete, it<br />

was important for Seaside Market to exp<strong>and</strong> its<br />

current location <strong>and</strong> remain true to its roots. (Since<br />

2013 the market has also operated a small store,<br />

managed by Pete, inside Petco Park, home of the<br />

San Diego Padres major-league baseball team.)<br />

“We decided long ago not to exp<strong>and</strong> to a second<br />

location,” said John. “That was important. We live<br />

<strong>and</strong> work in the neighborhood <strong>and</strong> we want to be<br />

the best community market anywhere.”<br />

That desire to be the best isn’t just idle<br />

gossip. In 2018, the National Grocery<br />

Association voted Seaside Market as the<br />

recipient of the Independent Single Store of the<br />

year award.<br />

The Najjar brothers believe their patrons<br />

<strong>and</strong> community members, in some degree,<br />

take ownership in the business. In turn, it<br />

makes them proud knowing they are doing<br />

their part to enhance the quality of life in<br />

their community.<br />

G<br />

Above: Brothers Peter (on left) <strong>and</strong><br />

John Najjar in their Seaside Market<br />

in Cardiff, California, 2019.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 4 7


Psy-Tek Labs—Bridging the gap between<br />

Integrative <strong>and</strong> Conventional Medicine using<br />

Subtle Energy Testing. Science fiction fans<br />

drool every time they see “Bones”, the doctor<br />

on Star-Trek pull out his Tricorder <strong>and</strong><br />

magically diagnose any body before him. The<br />

Tricorder isn’t here yet but a generation of<br />

computers <strong>and</strong> devices that can measure our<br />

bodies energy fields have evolved <strong>and</strong> are<br />

starting to reveal previously undiscovered<br />

components of our health.<br />

Bob Hertz CDP, a computer scientist <strong>and</strong><br />

serial entrepreneur, is at home with<br />

sophisticated computers, communications <strong>and</strong><br />

laboratory equipment after decades of<br />

automating industry <strong>and</strong> businesses utilizing<br />

cutting edge technologies,<br />

Since 1996 Hertz has been working with<br />

Mary Clark Ph.D., a psychotherapist <strong>and</strong><br />

specialist in Energy Psychology <strong>and</strong> Energy<br />

Healing. They focus on health systems,<br />

alternative methods of healing <strong>and</strong> non-invasive<br />

methods of assessing health for both allopathic<br />

<strong>and</strong> integrative physicians. They include the<br />

many different types of practitioners including<br />

nutritionists, acupuncturists, chiropractors <strong>and</strong><br />

dozens of healing modalities <strong>and</strong> practices.<br />

“You name the field, we’ve worked with the<br />

practitioner” Hertz says..<br />

In 2001 Hertz <strong>and</strong> Clark first came up with<br />

the idea of creating a Subtle Energy testing lab.<br />

They began exploring non-invasive equipment<br />

that claimed to be energy based. Most of the<br />

devices evaluated were not scientifically based<br />

<strong>and</strong> could not support repeatable data needed<br />

for assessments <strong>and</strong> research. Additionally,<br />

health practitioners such as acupuncturists <strong>and</strong><br />

massage therapists, to name a few, could not<br />

order medical testing such as MRIs, blood work<br />

<strong>and</strong> X-rays. Hertz <strong>and</strong> Clark searched for<br />

cutting-edge equipment <strong>and</strong> advanced health<br />

technologies in body scans that reveal cellular<br />

level statistics, life energy patterns <strong>and</strong> other<br />

wellness information. They wanted health<br />

practitioners to use reports <strong>and</strong> images from<br />

these devices to help their patients underst<strong>and</strong><br />

what is happening internally <strong>and</strong> energetically.<br />

Psy-Tek Labs was born.<br />

Bob Hertz <strong>and</strong> Mary Clark are the cofounders<br />

<strong>and</strong> managing directors of Psy-tek<br />

Labs which is a division of Healing Energies <strong>and</strong><br />

Research Technologies, Inc. a 501(c)3 nonprofit,<br />

dedicated to supporting advancement in<br />

health technologies <strong>and</strong> subtle energy research.<br />

Hertz <strong>and</strong> Clark have joined up with a longtime<br />

friend <strong>and</strong> colleague. Gaetan Chevalier Ph.D. a wellknown<br />

<strong>and</strong> published physicist who specializes in<br />

exactly what Psy-Tek Labs is all about.<br />

Subtle Energy is Gaetan’s ‘middle name’. He<br />

has the long-term experience in both utilizing<br />

<strong>and</strong> instructing in subtle energy devices.<br />

Together, Hertz, Clark <strong>and</strong> Chevalier have been<br />

1 4 8 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

All the Psy-Tek body scans are available for<br />

men as well as women. More <strong>and</strong> more people<br />

are showing interest in the procedures as a<br />

result of the non-invasive efficiency, increased<br />

accuracy, <strong>and</strong> lower cost elements, in addition<br />

to individual screenings.<br />

“Whether one’s goal is fun exploration, to<br />

gain insight into your own personal well-being,<br />

or to monitor your or your loved one’s health,<br />

our cutting-edge devices such as medical<br />

thermal imaging or any of our other advanced<br />

technology tests can serve as an informational<br />

roadmap to help guide one to learning more<br />

about one’s self,” Hertz affirmed. “It is a natural<br />

approach,” he notes, “to achieving wellness.”<br />

growing the assessment services, testing <strong>and</strong><br />

research in Psy-Tek Labs for over 10 years.<br />

Psy-Tek Labs facility is in <strong>Encinitas</strong> California,<br />

located on the campus of CIHS, a graduate<br />

school <strong>and</strong> research institute. Psy-Tek Labs <strong>and</strong><br />

CIHS collaborate in research <strong>and</strong> instruction.<br />

Presently, Psy-Tek Labs schedules testing <strong>and</strong><br />

health assessments for the public <strong>and</strong> performs<br />

research on several health-related issues <strong>and</strong><br />

products as well as individual body scanning<br />

that includes Medical Thermal Imaging, Menla<br />

Scans, <strong>and</strong> Brain Mapping.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 4 9


GERLACH,<br />

CPA, CFE<br />

C<strong>and</strong>ice is the founder <strong>and</strong> CEO of C<strong>and</strong>ice<br />

Gerlach, CPA, Inc. She is a Certified Public<br />

Accountant <strong>and</strong> Certified Fraud Examiner in<br />

Carlsbad, California. She holds a Master of<br />

Business Administration degree, <strong>and</strong> a Bachelor<br />

of Science degree in Accountancy. She is an<br />

active member of the American Institute of<br />

Certified Public Accountants <strong>and</strong> the<br />

Association of Certified Fraud Examiners.<br />

C<strong>and</strong>ice has nearly 20 years of experience in<br />

public accounting. Throughout her career her<br />

focus has been in a variety of areas such as,<br />

white collar crime, financial statement<br />

preparation, audits <strong>and</strong> tax compliance. She was<br />

the lead forensic accountant of many large<br />

national financial crimes, including a $100<br />

million Ponzi scheme. Her work included<br />

tracing laundered money around the world,<br />

recovering assets for the Federal Receiver to<br />

return to victims, <strong>and</strong> providing supporting<br />

documentation for various law enforcement<br />

agencies <strong>and</strong> attorneys.<br />

Today, she spends most of her time focusing<br />

on tax compliance in a variety of areas,<br />

including individuals, estates <strong>and</strong> trust,<br />

partnerships, as well as closely held C <strong>and</strong> S-<br />

Corporations. Her clientele covers a wide<br />

spectrum; from high net worth individuals to<br />

young entrepreneurs. She has also devoted a<br />

large amount of her time to not for profit tax<br />

compliance <strong>and</strong> governance<br />

C<strong>and</strong>ice is originally from Scottsdale, AZ <strong>and</strong><br />

moved to Carlsbad, CA in 2013. Prior to<br />

beginning her career in accounting, she was in<br />

the diamond business. While in that industry<br />

she became a Certified Diamontologist, as<br />

issued by the Diamond Council of America.<br />

In her spare time, C<strong>and</strong>ice spends her time<br />

with her family, enjoys yoga, reading, traveling<br />

<strong>and</strong> aspires to complete a triathlon one day. She<br />

is always looking for ways to give back to her<br />

community <strong>and</strong> is a current member of the<br />

Carlsbad Rotary Club. She holds positions on<br />

the Boards of the Carlsbad Fire Department<br />

Foundation, Homeless Veterans of San Diego<br />

<strong>and</strong> Strategic Trusted Advisors Roundtable.<br />

1 5 0 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e


CAFÉ<br />

The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Café at 531 South Coast Highway<br />

101 has been a fixture in downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong> for<br />

more than eighty-five years. Located in the heart of<br />

the village, the site has been the home of numerous<br />

eateries over the years.<br />

In the late 1930s <strong>and</strong> early 1940s, it began as<br />

a restaurant called Fred’s Café. Then, in the late<br />

1940s, it was renamed Zim’s Café.<br />

The name changed to The Coffee Mill in 1960<br />

<strong>and</strong> remained so through four different owners<br />

until it became the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Café in 1989.<br />

Debbie Zinniger began working at The Coffee<br />

Mill in February of 1985. After the owner closed<br />

the Coffee Mill in April 1989, Debbie—along<br />

with help from Gil <strong>and</strong> Anne Forester <strong>and</strong> other<br />

regular customers of The Coffee Mill—opened<br />

the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Café a month later.<br />

The local flower growers, who frequented<br />

the café for breakfast <strong>and</strong> lunch, were eager to<br />

have it reopen. The café has been supported<br />

by many regular customers over the years<br />

<strong>and</strong> has become a meeting place for friends<br />

<strong>and</strong> neighbors.<br />

In fact, a group of alumni dating back to the<br />

1950s from San Dieguito High School still meets<br />

on a weekly basis at the café.<br />

Today, Debbie runs the café with the help of<br />

her son, Eric Soto <strong>and</strong> daughter-in-law, Erica. In<br />

the future, Debbie’s gr<strong>and</strong>daughters <strong>and</strong><br />

gr<strong>and</strong>son will assist as well.<br />

The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Café has been serving good,<br />

quality food for decades <strong>and</strong> Eric says that it is<br />

because of that “homey feel” that customers<br />

have descended upon the café year after year.<br />

The café is known for its roasted turkeys,<br />

which are prepared daily. In addition, soups are<br />

made from scratch every day. Some of the<br />

popular menu items include the turkey dinner,<br />

turkey s<strong>and</strong>wich, the acai bowl, oatmeal<br />

pancakes <strong>and</strong> banana walnut pancakes.<br />

Always active in the community, the<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Café makes donations to area schools<br />

<strong>and</strong> sponsors Little League baseball in the area.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 5 1



In the early 1960s the Richard Campbell<br />

family of Torrance settled on <strong>Encinitas</strong>, known<br />

at that time as “The Flower Capital of the<br />

World”, as the perfect place to open a growing<br />

grounds <strong>and</strong> nursery.<br />

The whole family; husb<strong>and</strong> Dick, a trained<br />

horticulturist, wife Edith, stepson Ron Martin,<br />

son Dick <strong>and</strong> daughter Jacque, all worked<br />

at the renowned Palos Verdes Begonia Farm<br />

<strong>and</strong> they dreamt of a family business growing<br />

annual color plants to sell wholesale to other<br />

nurseries around Southern California. At that<br />

time, they could not afford l<strong>and</strong> in Los Angeles<br />

or Orange Counties but were able to buy<br />

an affordable bit of property, several bits<br />

actually, in <strong>Encinitas</strong>. In 1963 the family moved<br />

south to start Cam-Mar Growers (a hyphenate<br />

of the Campbell <strong>and</strong> Martin names) on San<br />

Marcos Road, later renamed <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Boulevard. Not long afterward they opened the<br />

retail wing of the family business, Sunshine<br />

Gardens, selling plants to the rapidly increasing<br />

surrounding community.<br />

Sunshine Gardens, INC. was, from the<br />

beginning, <strong>and</strong> is still owned <strong>and</strong> operated<br />

by Ron Martin <strong>and</strong> his family; kids, gr<strong>and</strong>kids,<br />

<strong>and</strong> even a cousin or two. Cam-Mar Growers<br />

was owned <strong>and</strong> operated by Dick Campbell<br />

<strong>and</strong> his kids until Dick’s retirement when<br />

that business moved to 80 acres in Oceanside<br />

in 2000. Sadly, Dick passed away suddenly in<br />

2009 <strong>and</strong> Cam-Mar Growers is no longer.<br />

For many years, Reverend Ernie Richter, Ron<br />

Martin’s beloved uncle, was Senior Pastor of<br />

Grace Community Church of San Dieguito<br />

which held services in old Cam-Mar Growers<br />

office buildings <strong>and</strong> shared the parking lot with<br />

Sunshine Gardens.<br />

Sunshine Gardens has changed a lot over the<br />

last 50 years, originally occupying seven acres with<br />

an entrance on <strong>Encinitas</strong> Boulevard <strong>and</strong> now they<br />

are located, on four acres next door to the original<br />

location, at the corner of <strong>Encinitas</strong> Boulevard <strong>and</strong><br />

Quail Gardens Drive. And yet, so much has stayed<br />

the same—the same great people, the same highquality<br />

products, <strong>and</strong> the same wonderful service.<br />

1 5 2 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

James “Jimmy” Gillan arrived in California on<br />

a surfing trip in 1974 <strong>and</strong> decided to settle in<br />

Oceanside. Having learned auto repair in high<br />

school, he soon found work at a body shop <strong>and</strong>,<br />

in 1976, partnered with his friend Dennis<br />

Murphy to open their own (Close Encounters in<br />

Leucadia). After several years in business,<br />

Jimmy <strong>and</strong> Dennis would close the shop. In<br />

1981, Jimmy founded Rancho Auto Body in<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>, leasing space at 751 Second Street<br />

<strong>and</strong> living with his son Jim in a cottage behind<br />

the property. Under the mentorship of Gene<br />

Garcia, owner of Gartel Vintage Cars nextdoor,<br />

Jimmy focused primarily on restoring hot rods<br />

<strong>and</strong> classic cars.<br />

During the shop’s first year, Jimmy met<br />

Linda, who had just moved to California with<br />

her son Shaun. The two of them moved with<br />

their children to a house in Cardiff. Linda<br />

assisted Jimmy with the shop’s bookkeeping,<br />

<strong>and</strong> the two soon became a couple, eventually<br />

marrying. The pair weathered a shake-up<br />

when, in 1986, the lessor sold the building.<br />

They were able to secure a loan <strong>and</strong> move to<br />

Suite A at 591 Westlake Street, where Jimmy’s<br />

main business switched from classic car<br />

restoration to collision repair. In the months<br />

following the shop’s relocation, Jimmy <strong>and</strong><br />

Linda saw the birth of their daughter Siobhan<br />

<strong>and</strong> then, in 1990, their son Matthew. All four<br />

children spent summers working in the shop<br />

during their high school <strong>and</strong> college years.<br />

Later, gr<strong>and</strong>children would make regular visits,<br />

eager to ride on the golf cart.<br />

Jimmy <strong>and</strong> Linda sold the business <strong>and</strong><br />

retired in 2018, having served the <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

community for nearly forty years. During their<br />

ownership, the shop contributed to a number of<br />

charitable causes, especially those concerning<br />

youth groups (Jimmy has coached area youth<br />

sports teams for more than twenty-five years).<br />

Rancho Auto Body can attribute its staying<br />

power in part to its unwavering support for its<br />

employees <strong>and</strong> customers.<br />

RANCHO<br />


S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 5 3


GIFTS &<br />


From its humble beginnings in 1995,<br />

SoulScape Gift <strong>and</strong> Bookstore has evolved into<br />

the crown jewel of <strong>Encinitas</strong>, now the model of<br />

a Conscious Living shopping destination for all<br />

of San Diego. Known for their carefully curated<br />

selection of gifts <strong>and</strong> books, as well as a wide<br />

selection of crystals <strong>and</strong> minerals.<br />

In 2003, Lorraine Telnack purchased Heaven<br />

on Earth, as it was known then, <strong>and</strong> rebr<strong>and</strong>ed<br />

it, SoulScape Gift <strong>and</strong> Bookstore. She <strong>and</strong> her<br />

dedicated staff have proven themselves retail<br />

industry leaders, as evidenced by their<br />

discerning eye in finding meaningful <strong>and</strong><br />

unique gifts. As soon as you enter the store,<br />

visitors are invited to share an atmosphere of<br />

peace <strong>and</strong> beauty, surrounded by h<strong>and</strong>-picked<br />

treasures from all over the planet.<br />

SoulScape attracts a unique crowd; from the<br />

Yogini to the Entrepreneur, soccer mom to<br />

the spiritual seeker. All are welcomed <strong>and</strong><br />

encouraged to absorb the healing vibes, uplifting<br />

energy <strong>and</strong> seeming limitless gift ideas <strong>and</strong><br />

information available throughout the store.<br />

Telnack sees the store as a sort of living entity<br />

that draws on energy from current <strong>and</strong> former<br />

staff members <strong>and</strong> associates, each of whom<br />

contribute to the overall image, which is what<br />

then makes the store, SoulScape.<br />

Outside of SoulScape, Lorraine has served on<br />

the Board of Directors for both <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Mainstreet 101 Association <strong>and</strong> the <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Preservation Association advocating for the<br />

preservation of the city’s culture <strong>and</strong> heritage.<br />

This work is in line with her long-term mission at<br />

SoulScape that is to provide authentic support to<br />

those looking to be a part of a involved,<br />

nurturing community. For the thous<strong>and</strong>s of<br />

people who have entered SoulScape’s doors, this<br />

quaint gift store serves as resource for meaning<br />

<strong>and</strong> purpose-driven living.<br />

1 5 4 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

HANSEN<br />


Born in the dusty plains of Redfield, South<br />

Dakota, Don Hansen was introduced to the art of<br />

wave sliding via classic surf films by the Flynn<br />

brothers, two great watermen who were attending<br />

USD from Southern California. Transfixed by the<br />

images of the soulful surfers, Don decided he had<br />

enough of being l<strong>and</strong>locked <strong>and</strong> bravely<br />

hitchhiked his way to Coronado, where he would<br />

indulge in the surf lifestyle <strong>and</strong> begin his journey<br />

into surfboard manufacturing.<br />

He apprenticed under surfing legend, Jack<br />

O’Neill. During this time, he continued to hone<br />

his craft <strong>and</strong> shape for other notable surfing<br />

icons such as Hobie <strong>and</strong> Jacobs before making<br />

the ultimate surfing pilgrimage.<br />

The 1960s were an epic time for surfing <strong>and</strong><br />

for Don. He spent 1961 on the North Shore of<br />

Oahu, fittingly dubbed the seven-mile miracle<br />

for its awe inspiring waves. In a small shack at<br />

the end of a dirt road in Kawela Bay, Don<br />

launched Hansen Surfboards <strong>and</strong> made his<br />

mark on the surfing world at large.<br />

After an epic year on the North Shore, Don<br />

moved his family <strong>and</strong> new surfboard label back to<br />

Southern California setting up shop in the small<br />

surfing community of Cardiff-by-the-Sea. The<br />

dem<strong>and</strong> for his h<strong>and</strong>crafted boards was exploding<br />

<strong>and</strong> soon he would be one of the most sought<br />

after surfboard manufacturers in the world.<br />

During this period, Don sponsored some of the<br />

most progressive surfers including Mike Doyle,<br />

John Peck, Rusty Miller, Linda Benson, <strong>and</strong> Margo<br />

Godfrey. This was when Don created some of his<br />

most popular models, including the 50/50, with<br />

Mike Doyle, the Competitor, Classic <strong>and</strong><br />

Superlight, all of which are still in production<br />

today. He <strong>and</strong> several good friends also started the<br />

br<strong>and</strong>, Ocean Pacific, with clothing geared toward<br />

the surfing community.<br />

Seeing a need for a quality surf shop in San<br />

Diego County, Hansen’s transitioned into a retail<br />

business in the early 1970s <strong>and</strong> quickly became<br />

highly respected as one of the most popular surf<br />

<strong>and</strong> sportswear shops in Southern California.<br />

Located in <strong>Encinitas</strong>, California, just north of the<br />

great surf spot, Swami’s, Hansen’s remains a true<br />

heritage shop that takes pride in providing an allinclusive<br />

shopping experience for everyone!<br />

Visit our website, www.hansensurf.com, for<br />

more information on Hansen Surfboards.<br />

G<br />


S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 5 5



Charles Caldwell married Tyke Kennedy in<br />

1953. Both moved to California in 1957.<br />

Charles moved furniture <strong>and</strong> Tyke, an artist, was<br />

a telephone operator.<br />

Whenever Charles moved someone, they<br />

would give him furniture. Consequently, Charles<br />

decided to open a used furniture<br />

store <strong>and</strong> have a friend operate it.<br />

It worked out well, but after four<br />

years of moving furniture in the<br />

horrendous smog conditions that<br />

used to plague Glendale, he<br />

discovered Leucadia to be more<br />

like the paradise he envisioned<br />

California to be. So they moved to<br />

Leucadia with their son, Fred Lee<br />

(6) <strong>and</strong> daughter Cindy Lee (3) in<br />

1961. Caldwell’s Moving was his<br />

next venture <strong>and</strong> in 1964, he <strong>and</strong><br />

Tyke opened Caldwell’s Antiques.<br />

When Tyke passed in 1981,<br />

Fred took over the antique shop. In<br />

1982, Charles married Connielou<br />

Hannawalt. Both worked for San<br />

Dieguito High School District <strong>and</strong> both were<br />

members of the local post 416 American Legion—<br />

where Connielou still volunteers.<br />

Thanks to a stubborn genepool, Caldwell’s<br />

Antiques celebrated fifty-six years at the same<br />

location in 2020.<br />



G<br />

Founders of <strong>Encinitas</strong> Surfboards,<br />

Marc Adam <strong>and</strong> John Kies<br />

The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Surfboards<br />

story began in<br />

1975. Marc Adam <strong>and</strong><br />

John Kies had worked<br />

together at Koast Surfboards<br />

<strong>and</strong> when that<br />

closed down, they decided<br />

to open their own shop up<br />

the street. Not a lot has<br />

changed over the years, as<br />

the smell of surf wax still<br />

greets you when you walk<br />

through their door. Known<br />

as one of the last remaining<br />

“core” surf shops around,<br />

they feel blessed to be<br />

keeping the “stoke” alive<br />

since 1975. Their products<br />

are a marriage of lifestyle<br />

products <strong>and</strong> surf gear.<br />

“We supply everything you<br />

need to get in the surf or<br />

hang out on the turf, In<br />

surfer style.”<br />

1 5 6 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e



Neal Glasgow has been a local <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

resident for sixty-one years with a ten-year gap,<br />

five years in Northern California <strong>and</strong> five years<br />

in New York. Over the years Neal noted the area<br />

has moved from its rural beginnings to<br />

becoming an eclectic suburban hot spot for<br />

coastal beach culture. In the early 1960s when<br />

the I-5 Freeway finally connected through<br />

Cardiff, there was only one high school for our<br />

coastal area, now there are five.<br />

Neal grew up in Cardiff, living in the<br />

home built by his father on the then-dirt road,<br />

Glasgow Avenue. Neal noted there was<br />

lots of open space <strong>and</strong> trees to climb, with<br />

new adventures around every corner.<br />

Attending local schools <strong>and</strong> graduating from<br />

San Dieguito High School, Neal finished his<br />

sixteen-year teaching career as an art <strong>and</strong><br />

science teacher at his alma mater, San Dieguito<br />

High School.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 5 7

G<br />



ARTIST<br />

KEVIN<br />


The character <strong>and</strong> quality of our most<br />

awesome City of <strong>Encinitas</strong> is in large part defined<br />

<strong>and</strong> molded by the talented <strong>and</strong> creative people<br />

that have resided here over the generations. One<br />

such person of note is <strong>Encinitas</strong>’s very own, artist<br />

Kevin Anderson.<br />

Kevin’s art is expressed as public art in the form<br />

of outdoor <strong>and</strong> indoor murals, which can be found<br />

all over <strong>Encinitas</strong>, San Diego <strong>and</strong> beyond, <strong>and</strong><br />

Kevin is one of <strong>Encinitas</strong>’s most prolific painters,<br />

who can be frequently spotted outdoors along the<br />

coast between Del Mar <strong>and</strong> <strong>Encinitas</strong> painting the<br />

coastal scenes in his ‘plein air’ style.<br />

Kevin is not a transplant that arrived here<br />

later in life, that happens to be a great artist, but<br />

is an artist who’s very inner artist being was a<br />

creation born of his own experience of having<br />

been raised in the special collective community<br />

us old-timers fondly called ‘San Dieguito.’<br />

Kevin will tell you that, “As a kid, I grew up<br />

in Solana Beach, <strong>and</strong> then later in Cardiff. It was<br />

a great life. Went to the beach a lot in the<br />

summer. We lived the ‘Beach Blanket Bingo’ life<br />

in Solana Beach. Sunburned all day <strong>and</strong> partied<br />

all night for years <strong>and</strong> years, until I was older<br />

<strong>and</strong> out of high school.”<br />

“My high school experience in the early<br />

seventies, while I wasn’t into academics, it was<br />

rich in culture <strong>and</strong> art. The teachers there were<br />

the ones that pretty much paved the way for me<br />

to become an artist.”<br />

“There were a couple of teachers, in particular,<br />

Marianne Hanafin <strong>and</strong> Marilyn Delise, that were<br />

instrumental in opening my eyes to wanting to<br />

paint <strong>and</strong> draw, <strong>and</strong> kind of convinced me that<br />

that’s what I wanted to do with my life.”<br />

“Hanafan would take a student, put them in<br />

front of her, <strong>and</strong> sketch them <strong>and</strong> made it look<br />

just like them. When I saw her do that, I go, “I<br />

want to know how to do that!”<br />

“And then Mrs. Delise took a glass, it was<br />

actually a glass ashtray, put it on a table, with<br />

the light shining through the transparency, <strong>and</strong><br />

did a color chalk drawing of it, that just blew<br />

my mind. I go, “I need to know how to do that!”<br />

“San Dieguito High School was just a great<br />

place to go. They had an open campus, so if I<br />

wanted to get away for a day, I could go surfing. It<br />

wasn’t so structured that it took the life out of a<br />

person. Actually, it was open enough to let you<br />

flourish, <strong>and</strong> do what you wanted to do. Mainly, it<br />

was the art that turned me on. From there I went<br />

to Palomar College, <strong>and</strong> then on to Long Beach<br />

State University, because of those teachers.”<br />

“But I never left <strong>Encinitas</strong>. I always lived in<br />

Cardiff, while I was going to college. I would<br />

commute. On Mondays, I would go to Long<br />

Beach, stay up there, oftentimes sleeping in my<br />

truck, <strong>and</strong> stay there all week <strong>and</strong> come back on<br />

Fridays to Cardiff.”<br />

“Living around here, it’s kind of like living a<br />

pretty good dream. I keep mind focused on<br />

what’s still here, the underlying beauty,<br />

regardless of the growth <strong>and</strong> the development. It<br />

has a certain soul <strong>and</strong> feeling. As far as painting<br />

the area, it’s unlimited what you can paint.”<br />

“I have spent a whole year painting from<br />

Swamis to Seaside, painting around sixty<br />

pictures <strong>and</strong> I never left those confines or ran<br />

out of new views or ideas to paint.<br />

1 5 8 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

From a young age, Kyle Thomas has had a<br />

love for San Diego, its history, <strong>and</strong> people.<br />

“This interest began,” Kyle explains, “When I<br />

discovered that my maternal great gr<strong>and</strong>father<br />

Henry Harrison Jones, had moved from<br />

Springfield Illinois to San Diego in 1910, where<br />

he held the position of President of the San<br />

Diego Consolidated Gas <strong>and</strong> Electric Company<br />

until 1920, during which time he was<br />

responsible for bringing electricity to the far<br />

reaches of San Diego County, which included<br />

bringing electricity to <strong>Encinitas</strong> in 1916.”<br />

Kyle further discovered that great-gr<strong>and</strong>father<br />

H.H. Jones helped plan, design, <strong>and</strong> build the<br />

original grounds <strong>and</strong> buildings in what is now<br />

Balboa Park, for the 1915 Panama-California<br />

Exposition while holding the position of third vice<br />

president on the exposition’s executive committee.<br />

Kyle grew up in Clairemont <strong>and</strong> at age fifteen<br />

moved to Del Mar in the summer of 1972. “My<br />

first trip to <strong>Encinitas</strong> took place when my dad<br />

drove me to register at San Dieguito High<br />

School,” Kyle recounts. “When we arrived at my<br />

new school, the first thing I noticed were<br />

penned up farm animals <strong>and</strong> crops growing out<br />

front. I’ll never forget telling my dad, ‘So looks<br />

like I’ll be going to school with farmers <strong>and</strong><br />

cowboys!’ I learned later that the animals <strong>and</strong><br />

crops were part of the 4-H Club.”<br />

“Once school started, I made friends quickly,”<br />

said Kyle, “<strong>and</strong> it didn’t take long for the people<br />

<strong>and</strong> culture of <strong>Encinitas</strong>, San Dieguito High, <strong>and</strong><br />

the surrounding San Dieguito communities to<br />

permanently imprint upon me as ‘my people’.”<br />

Shortly thereafter, Kyle settled in <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

In January of 2015, Chris Cote, the Editor in<br />

Chief of the newly formed <strong>Encinitas</strong> Magazine,<br />

having seen a picture Kyle had published of<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>’ l<strong>and</strong>mark Rock ‘n’ Roll House, reached<br />

out to him, <strong>and</strong> asked if they could use his photo<br />

for a story they wanted to do. Kyle suggested,<br />

“Why don’t you let me write the story?” Thus began<br />

his journey as a photographer <strong>and</strong> journalist for<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Magazine, where he naturally gravitated<br />

to writing stories about noteworthy people, places,<br />

<strong>and</strong> events of a historical nature that helped shape<br />

the character <strong>and</strong> color of <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

We are pleased that Kyle has contributed<br />

some of these stories <strong>and</strong> photos here in our<br />

book, <strong>Encinitas</strong>, <strong>Our</strong> <strong>History</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>People</strong>.<br />



S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 5 9

ARTIST<br />

DANNY<br />


Biosculptures <strong>and</strong> Steel Life artist Danny<br />

Salzh<strong>and</strong>ler grew up in Houston <strong>and</strong> was a<br />

zookeeper at the Houston Zoo <strong>and</strong> supervisor of the<br />

Reptile Department at the Waco Zoo in 1968. When<br />

he <strong>and</strong> his wife Norma moved to Cardiff in 1994, “I<br />

gave up on the conveyor business <strong>and</strong> got back to<br />

my old zookeeper days, combining welding <strong>and</strong><br />

reptile/amphibian knowledge to create sculptures<br />

that contained a vivarium within the sculpture.”<br />

Danny has been a member of the 101 Artists’<br />

Colony Board of Directors since 1999 <strong>and</strong> has<br />

served as its president since 2003. He started Full<br />

Moon Poets in 2001 <strong>and</strong> the Arts Alive<br />

Foundation in 2014.<br />

1 6 0 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

Ledge Media is a leading-edge multimedia<br />

<strong>and</strong> publishing company, now headquartered<br />

in Jackson, Wyoming. Its origins can be traced<br />

back to 1973 where a small regional publishing<br />

company based in San Antonio, Texas was<br />

helping businesses <strong>and</strong> historical societies tell<br />

their stories in the most compelling <strong>and</strong><br />

powerful ways possible. Working with a wide<br />

variety of clients—from corporations to civic<br />

organizations to individuals <strong>and</strong> families,<br />

Ledge Media has emerged as a force in the<br />

publishing industry.<br />

In the mid-1990s, a new division was created,<br />

the Historical Publishing Network, better known<br />

as HPNbooks, <strong>and</strong> this division focused on<br />

producing hardcover coffee table-style history<br />

<strong>and</strong> photo-journal type cityscape books. The<br />

first of these was Fire <strong>and</strong> Gold: The San<br />

Francisco Story. In the ensuing years, HPN<br />

Books has perfected the sponsored-book model<br />

of publishing.<br />

Conceived around the idea of an ultra-highquality<br />

hardcover chronicle of a city or county’s<br />

past, these exceptional books were also designed<br />

to raise funds for a sponsoring organization. As of<br />

2020, HPNbooks has published more than 200<br />

titles, while raising hundreds of thous<strong>and</strong>s of<br />

dollars for its many partnering groups. Now a<br />

woman-owned company, Ledge Media has further<br />

developed their publishing network <strong>and</strong><br />

incorporated many new modern technologies<br />

including augmented reality which embeds video<br />

<strong>and</strong> other information into printed materials.<br />

The unique mix of talents <strong>and</strong> expertise<br />

brought to bear in a Ledge Media/HPN project<br />

culminates in a remarkable creation—everything<br />

from breathtaking, photo-rich, coffee table<br />

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For more information, or to inquire about<br />

producing your own publication, please visit<br />

www.ledgemedia.net or www.HPNBooks.com.<br />



S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 6 1



G<br />

Top: Ground breaking photo from<br />

1966. Left to right: Bob Watrous,<br />

Bank of America Manager; Bob<br />

Watkins, lead contractor; Herman<br />

Cook; Herman’s wife, Jeanne; <strong>and</strong> two<br />

Volkswagen corporate representatives.<br />

Middle: The tall VW lollipop in the<br />

background as Bob Watkins (left), the<br />

contractor who built the dealership,<br />

st<strong>and</strong>s next to founder Herman Cook<br />

in 1967. That was the day Bob<br />

presented the keys to the dealership<br />

to Herman.<br />

Bottom: From left to right: President<br />

Dennis Cook with son, General<br />

Manager Connor Cook of Herman<br />

Cook Volkswagen.<br />

The legend of Herman Cook Volkswagen<br />

dates back to 1956 when an ambitious Herman<br />

Cook was hired as a salesman by Riviera<br />

Volkswagen of Manhattan Beach. It would mark<br />

the beginning of a multigenerational<br />

relationship with the Volkswagen family. After a<br />

successful stint at a dealership in El Centro,<br />

Herman was awarded a franchise dealership in<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> in 1966.<br />

Herman Cook Volkswagen has graced<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> since 1967 <strong>and</strong> remains in its original<br />

location at 1435 <strong>Encinitas</strong> Boulevard.<br />

“There wasn’t much of anything here back<br />

then,” recalls President Dennis Cook of Herman<br />

Cook Volkswagen <strong>and</strong> son of founder, Herman<br />

Cook. “<strong>Encinitas</strong> Blvd. was just a two-lane road<br />

lined with eucalyptus trees <strong>and</strong> there were only<br />

three buildings in our area—a Chevrolet dealer<br />

on one corner, the Ford dealer across the street<br />

<strong>and</strong> us.”<br />

Dennis started working full time at the<br />

dealership in 1970. He purchased his father’s<br />

interest in the business in 1980.<br />

A third generation of Cooks is now an<br />

integral part of the team. Dennis’ son, Connor,<br />

started working at the dealership in 2004 at the<br />

age of nineteen.<br />

“I’ve held most every position, from washing<br />

<strong>and</strong> selling cars, delivering parts, to service <strong>and</strong><br />

finance manager <strong>and</strong> now general manager,”<br />

said Connor.<br />

The Cook philosophy remains the same after<br />

more than fifty years.<br />

“We treat our customers as family <strong>and</strong> not as<br />

another sale,” said Dennis. “We focus on taking<br />

the best care of our customers <strong>and</strong> our<br />

community. We’re now selling cars to fourthgeneration<br />

customers.”<br />

The majority of our management team at the<br />

dealership has been in place for fifteen to<br />

twenty years.<br />

“We hire people who share our family values<br />

<strong>and</strong> strive to retain them for as long as we can,”<br />

said Connor.<br />

Being a vital part of the community does not<br />

hurt, either. Cook Volkswagen sponsors<br />

numerous community events, including the<br />

Surfing Madonna Oceans Project, <strong>and</strong> many<br />

local race events. The dealership also proudly<br />

supports the Magdalena Ecke Family YMCA<br />

<strong>and</strong> SDSU athletics.<br />

1 6 2 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e




MORGAN<br />


The Corner Frame Shop & Leucadia Art<br />

Gallery was born in 1978 of Morgan Mallory’s<br />

passion for art in the charming eucalyptus tree<br />

canopy community of Leucadia. Soon after<br />

opening his store front, he became involved<br />

in community development <strong>and</strong> co-founded the<br />

Arts Association of Leucadia, helping to create<br />

an event called Leucadia Art Walk. The annual<br />

event is still very popular with 101 vetted fine<br />

artists showing their art along Coast Highway<br />

101, drawing thous<strong>and</strong>s of people to Leucadia<br />

the last Sunday each August. Years later, Morgan<br />

helped found the Leucadia 101 Main Street,<br />

a national non profit organization aiding in<br />

economic vitality <strong>and</strong> community design.<br />

Partnering with the local school district, Morgan<br />

founded the Leucadia Farmer’s Market, one of<br />

the best weekly market’s in San Diego County.<br />

A long- time resident of Cardiff-by-the-Sea,<br />

Morgan also founded the Cardiff 101 Main<br />

Street. He loved spending his spare time at the<br />

San Elijo Lagoon where for decades he honed<br />

<strong>and</strong> shared his fine photography of nature, birds<br />

<strong>and</strong> flora <strong>and</strong> sometimes the Cardiff Kook (aka<br />

Magic Carpet Ride statue).<br />

His big personality <strong>and</strong> sense of humor made<br />

him very popular. He was well traveled, a natural<br />

athlete <strong>and</strong> inspired the young <strong>and</strong> old in<br />

everything regarding art. After his unexpected<br />

passing in Sept 2019, his wife, Brenda Dizon<br />

honored his legacy by taking over the Corner<br />

Frame Shop & Leucadia Art Gallery where<br />

his long time devoted, talented employees<br />

continue to serve <strong>Encinitas</strong> <strong>and</strong> beyond with<br />

their incredible design service based on the<br />

amazing foundation he had built.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 6 3

G<br />



1 6 4 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e


F a m i l i e s a n d i n d i v i d u a l s w h o s e<br />

l e g a c i e s c o n t i n u e t o s h a p e<br />

t h e f u t u r e o f E n c i n i t a s<br />

The Ecke Family ...........................................................................1 6 6<br />

The Sougais Family, Charlie’s Foreign Car ........................................1 7 0<br />

The Charley Marvin Family ...........................................................1 7 4<br />

Bumann Ranch ..............................................................................1 7 6<br />

Tribute to Maggie Houlihan ............................................................1 7 8<br />

Tribute to Edgar Engert .................................................................1 8 0<br />

The Legacy of The McNeil House .....................................................1 8 1<br />

The Danforth Building ...................................................................1 8 2<br />

The Roy Family ............................................................................1 8 3<br />

Tribute to Dr. Takeo Sugimoto .........................................................1 8 4<br />

Weidners Garden/The Evelyn Weidner Family ....................................1 8 5<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 6 5

THE ECKE<br />

FAMILY<br />

G<br />

Above: Paul Ecke Ranch, 1938. The<br />

road at bottom is Saxony Road, <strong>and</strong><br />

the road towards the top of the frame<br />

is Quail Garden’s Drive.<br />

Legendary late-night talk show host Johnny<br />

Carson used to engage in friendly banter with<br />

his Tonight Show b<strong>and</strong>leader, Doc Severinsen,<br />

over the correct pronunciation of poinsettia, the<br />

flower that has become the symbol of<br />

Christmas. Severinsen said that it was<br />

pronounced “point-sett-uh” while Carson<br />

argued that it was “point-sett-ee-uh.” For the<br />

record, Carson was correct.<br />

“<strong>People</strong> can call it whatever they want,” said<br />

Paul Ecke III, part of the iconic <strong>Encinitas</strong> family<br />

that created the quintessential holiday plant.<br />

“Just as long as they buy one!”<br />

The Ecke family, who provided the plants to<br />

the Tonight Show hosted by Carson <strong>and</strong> then<br />

later by Jay Leno, made the poinsettia the topselling<br />

Christmas plant. The Eckes’ impact on<br />

the horticultural world, dating back to the early<br />

1910s, also put <strong>Encinitas</strong> on the map. Over a<br />

ninety-year period, four generations of Eckes<br />

worked in the business before the Paul Ecke<br />

Ranch was sold to a Dutch agriculture company<br />

at the end of 2012.<br />

Today, the Ecke family name <strong>and</strong> their<br />

contributions to the community are prominent<br />

at various locales throughout <strong>Encinitas</strong>. Drive<br />

around town <strong>and</strong> you’ll see the Magdalena Ecke<br />

YMCA, Magdalena Ecke Park, Paul Ecke Central<br />

Elementary School <strong>and</strong> the Ecke Family<br />

building at the San Diego Botanic Gardens, to<br />

name just a few.<br />

The story began in 1900 when Albert Ecke<br />

<strong>and</strong> his family, including son Paul Ecke, Sr.,<br />

emigrated to Southern California from Germany.<br />

The family settled in Eagle Rock, a neighborhood<br />

in northeast Los Angeles. Albert had an apple<br />

orchard, a dairy, <strong>and</strong> flowers. Flowers ultimately<br />

became the focus of the family business.<br />

Albert <strong>and</strong> his son, Paul, noticed the<br />

Hispanic population in Los Angeles had these<br />

striking flowers—poinsettias—that grew in<br />

their yards. They were called Flores de Noche<br />

Buena (Flowers of the Holy Night). The Eckes<br />

soon began selling cut poinsettias along Sunset<br />

Boulevard around 1915.<br />

The poinsettia had its origins in Mexico<br />

<strong>and</strong> was brought to the United States by Joel<br />

Right:.The Paul Ecke Ranch employee<br />

photo of 1956. Paul Ecke III, age one,<br />

is in the bottom left h<strong>and</strong> corner with<br />

his parents, Jinx <strong>and</strong> Paul Ecke, Jr.<br />

1 6 6 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

Roberts Poinsett. A botanist, physician <strong>and</strong> the<br />

first United States ambassador to Mexico (1825-<br />

1829), Poinsett was so fascinated by<br />

the ruby red-bloomed plant in Mexico that<br />

he sent cuttings to his home in Charleston,<br />

South Carolina.<br />

“My gr<strong>and</strong>father <strong>and</strong> great-gr<strong>and</strong>father were<br />

so impressed by these flowers,” said Paul Ecke<br />

III, who has a BS in horticulture from Colorado<br />

State University <strong>and</strong> an MBA from Duke<br />

University. “And, they were even more<br />

impressed that they bloomed in the middle of<br />

winter. Most flowers don’t bloom in November<br />

<strong>and</strong> December.”<br />

Paul Ecke, Sr., began promoting the<br />

poinsettia as the Christmas flower. If the rose<br />

was synonymous with Valentine’s Day <strong>and</strong> the<br />

lily with Easter, why couldn’t this red flower be<br />

attached to Christmas? It seemed only natural.<br />

“My gr<strong>and</strong>father is the one who declared the<br />

poinsettia will be the Christmas flower,” said<br />

Paul Ecke III. “He thought if you kept saying it<br />

over <strong>and</strong> over again, people would believe it.”<br />

The Ecke family <strong>and</strong> their flower business<br />

has been linked to <strong>Encinitas</strong> since 1923, when<br />

Paul Sr. <strong>and</strong> Magdalena moved to the area. The<br />

town had only 600 inhabitants back then. They<br />

built a business that at its height produced more<br />

than 90% of the world’s poinsettia stock <strong>and</strong><br />

employed 450 people at the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Ranch.<br />

Paul Sr. <strong>and</strong> Magdalena also showed their<br />

compassionate side in ways that weren’t always<br />

popular. During World War II, Japanese<br />

Americans were sent to internment camps.<br />

Many of them were farmers who lived in<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> <strong>and</strong> were their friends <strong>and</strong> neighbors.<br />

The Eckes felt the situation was wrong <strong>and</strong> did<br />

the only thing they could, which was to offer to<br />

store their trucks, tractors <strong>and</strong> personal<br />

belongings in the Ecke Ranch Barns. When they<br />

returned, all of their property was waiting for<br />

them which allowed them to start over again.<br />

Unfortunately, many others weren’t as fortunate,<br />

<strong>and</strong> their property was gone when they came<br />

back. “<strong>Our</strong> Gr<strong>and</strong>parents saved their belongings<br />

<strong>and</strong> allowed them to more easily return to their<br />

former life,” said Paul Ecke III.<br />

For Paul Ecke, Sr., <strong>and</strong> his father, it was<br />

an outdoor business. Beginning in Los Angeles<br />

G<br />

Above: Bare Root poinsettias being<br />

shipped by rail circa 1960 from the<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Train Station, now Pannikin<br />

Coffee & Tea in Leucadia<br />

Below: The three Pauls in 1965—<br />

Paul Ecke, Jr., Paul Ecke III, <strong>and</strong> Paul<br />

Ecke, Sr.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 6 7

G<br />

Above: Elisabeth “Jinx” Ecke,<br />

Magdalena Ecke, <strong>and</strong> Lizbeth Ecke,<br />

c. 1975.<br />

Bottom, left: An outdoor field of<br />

blooming poinsettias along Saxony<br />

Road, c. 1976.<br />

Bottom, right: A greenhouse full of<br />

blooming poinsettias at the Paul Ecke<br />

Ranch in <strong>Encinitas</strong>, California.<br />

Opposite, top: Paul Ecke III at Farm<br />

1 in Guatemala in the early 2000s.<br />

Opposite, middle: Paul Ecke III in<br />

poinsettia trials greenhouse at Paul<br />

Ecke Ranch, <strong>Encinitas</strong>, California.<br />

<strong>and</strong> then after moving the operation to<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>, it remained an outdoor enterprise<br />

until the early 1960s. In the wild, poinsettias<br />

are large, spindly shrubs. But once in a while,<br />

you’ll find one that’s full of branches. Paul Ecke<br />

Sr., figured out that when you graft one with<br />

branches to another regular poinsettia, you<br />

can create a plant that lends itself to potted<br />

plant production.<br />

In the 1960s, Paul Ecke, Jr., who was now at<br />

the helm, transformed the business from<br />

outdoors to indoors. Greenhouses started being<br />

built at the Ranch. He began marketing the<br />

poinsettia in the national media <strong>and</strong> started the<br />

breeding program. Instead of selling big,<br />

dormant stock plants, he sold cuttings,<br />

eliminating the need for so much l<strong>and</strong> to grow<br />

their products. By the 1980s, poinsettias were<br />

the best-selling potted flower in America.<br />

Paul Ecke III bought the business in 1992 just<br />

as more competition, much of it from Europe, was<br />

entering the marketplace. In 1997, Ecke Ranch<br />

moved its operations to Guatemala in an effort to<br />

cut costs. The headquarters remained in <strong>Encinitas</strong>,<br />

where R&D <strong>and</strong> administration took place.<br />

With the move from field production to<br />

greenhouse production, which required much<br />

less l<strong>and</strong>, the Eckes started the planning process<br />

that eventually converted their <strong>Encinitas</strong> Ranch<br />

into housing, the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Ranch Town Center,<br />

the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Ranch Golf Course, preserving<br />

over 300 acres of open space, <strong>and</strong> 126 acres of<br />

agriculture, while extending Leucadia Boulevard<br />

through to El Camino Real.<br />

By 2012, Paul Ecke III knew it was time to<br />

sell the flower business.<br />

“Like so many products, the poinsettia had<br />

become a commodity,” he said. “When Home<br />

Bottom: The children of Jinx <strong>and</strong><br />

Paul Ecke, Jr., c. 2015—Sara Ecke<br />

May, Paul Ecke III, <strong>and</strong> Lizbeth Ecke.<br />

1 6 8 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

Depot, Walmart, Costco, <strong>and</strong> others began selling<br />

mass-market poinsettias, we had to find a way to<br />

make it cheaper <strong>and</strong> cheaper, but ultimately, for<br />

our company which had always been designed<br />

around high quality, high integrity, <strong>and</strong> high<br />

service, the writing was on the wall. <strong>Our</strong> industry<br />

was consolidating <strong>and</strong> a now relatively small<br />

company like ours could not continue to compete<br />

against large multinational corporations.”<br />

On December 31, 2012, the same day the<br />

company was sold to a multinational floricultural<br />

company, the nonprofit Leichtag Foundation<br />

bought the Paul Ecke Ranch property in<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>, sixty-seven acres of l<strong>and</strong> located<br />

between Saxony Road <strong>and</strong> Quail Gardens Drive,<br />

adjacent to the San Diego Botanic Garden.<br />

The adage “behind every great man is a great<br />

woman” certainly applies to the Ecke family.<br />

Swiss-born Magdalena Ecke, wife of Paul Ecke,<br />

Sr., was renowned for giving poinsettias to<br />

shut-ins. Through her church, she found out<br />

where these people lived, <strong>and</strong> she would<br />

personally deliver poinsettias to them. She<br />

would also visit veterans in the hospital <strong>and</strong><br />

bring them poinsettias.<br />

Elisabeth “Jinx” Ecke, who passed away in<br />

March 2019, was cut from the same mold. She<br />

picked up Magdalena’s mantel of supportive<br />

corporate wife, learning the business, <strong>and</strong> even<br />

learning German to serve as her husb<strong>and</strong>’s<br />

translator on business trips abroad.<br />

After raising her children—Paul III, Lizbeth,<br />

<strong>and</strong> Sara—she spent the rest of her adult life<br />

as a volunteer <strong>and</strong> philanthropist. Among the<br />

organizations that benefitted from her<br />

charitable efforts were Planned Parenthood,<br />

Rady Children’s Hospital San Diego, Scripps<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Hospital, the San Diego Zoo, San<br />

Diego State University, the San Diego Women’s<br />

Foundation, <strong>and</strong> the Neurosciences Institute.<br />

Jinx’s daughters, Lizbeth <strong>and</strong> Sara, are<br />

continuing her legacy. Lizbeth works at the family<br />

real estate company, Carltas, which owns the<br />

Flower Fields at Carlsbad Ranch <strong>and</strong> the <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Ranch Town Center Shopping Center. Sara is also<br />

a partner in the real estate company, along with<br />

Paul III. And Paul’s wife, Julie Hampton, is a<br />

published author of children’s books.<br />

For nearly a century, the Ecke family<br />

continues to be an integral part of the fabric<br />

of <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 6 9

G<br />


FAMILY,<br />



Charlie <strong>and</strong> Shelly Sougias.<br />

There are sweet rides <strong>and</strong> sweet anniversaries<br />

<strong>and</strong> Charlie Sougias has experienced a bit of<br />

both. The owner of Charlie’s Foreign Car Service<br />

opened his business in downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong> on<br />

Valentine’s Day 1978, <strong>and</strong> it’s been a beautiful<br />

journey ever since.<br />

Charlie, born Kyriakos Sougias in Thessaloniki,<br />

Greece, turned his passion for foreign cars into a<br />

career soon after graduating from San Dieguito<br />

High School in <strong>Encinitas</strong>. As a student at the<br />

school, he was known as the auto mechanic of<br />

choice for several of his teachers.<br />

However, it was back in his hometown in<br />

Greece where Charlie began his journey in the<br />

auto repair business. In 1976, he worked in a<br />

little auto shop across the street from the house<br />

in which he grew up. A man named Kostas<br />

Iliadidis was kind enough to give him the<br />

opportunity to work there. And, as the saying<br />

goes, the rest is history.<br />

When Charlie returned to San Diego, he<br />

began working on cars in the alleyway behind<br />

his mother’s place at the corner of Hygeia <strong>and</strong><br />

Leucadia Boulevard in Leucadia. Then in 1978<br />

at the age of 20, he took the leap <strong>and</strong> purchased<br />

his first shop on H Street at 2nd Street. Charlie’s<br />

Foreign Car Service was born.<br />

Ten years later, the shop moved north two<br />

blocks to its current location at 751 2nd Street.<br />

Charlie’s son, Niko, now owns the shop. Niko<br />

was born in Leucadia <strong>and</strong> also attended San<br />

Dieguito High School. Ironically, the community of<br />

Leucadia, which was founded around 1870, has a<br />

strong Greek influence. Its namesake, Lefkada, is<br />

one of the Ionian isl<strong>and</strong>s. In addition, the<br />

community includes street names with a Greek<br />

flavor—Hymettus, Neptune, Phoebe, <strong>and</strong> Daphne.<br />

Charlie Sougias started his business by<br />

repairing Volkswagen buses. Soon, the shop<br />

became the destination for European-made cars.<br />

Working side-by-side with his wife, Shelly, who<br />

began by assisting with daily operations, Charlie’s<br />

commitment to superior <strong>and</strong> personalized<br />

customer service earned him a loyal following.<br />

The customer base grew steadily <strong>and</strong> led to the<br />

expansion in 1988. Charlie <strong>and</strong> Shelly then<br />

purchased property a couple blocks north of the<br />

original location <strong>and</strong> built a state-of-the-art<br />

13,000 square-foot repair facility.<br />

As their auto repair reputation <strong>and</strong> clientele<br />

continued to grow, Charlie’s Foreign Car Service<br />

exp<strong>and</strong>ed again in 2001, this time by purchasing<br />

the <strong>Encinitas</strong> German Auto Service at 841 2nd<br />

Street, adjacent to the original auto repair facility.<br />

Back in the 1970s <strong>and</strong> 1980s, downtown<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> bore little resemblance to its current state.<br />

The community was not filled with restaurants,<br />

shops <strong>and</strong> a vibrant night life, as it is today.<br />

“At the time, the area was a little sketchy,”<br />

recalls Niko. “When my dad opened the shop,<br />

he had to build a security fence around it.”<br />

The Sougias family story <strong>and</strong> its path to<br />

America can be traced back to the Greek Pontic<br />

Genocide from 1914-1923. Charlie’s gr<strong>and</strong>mother,<br />

Despina Aslanidis, was just six years old at the<br />

time of the genocide. She <strong>and</strong> her family were<br />

victims of the death march that occured when<br />

Greek citizens in Turkey were forced from their<br />

homes. Ironically, she met her future husb<strong>and</strong> at<br />

that time. After the Pontian Genocide <strong>and</strong> World<br />

War I, they settled settled near the Turkish border<br />

1 7 0 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

<strong>and</strong> grew tobacco. Unfortunately, the civil unrest<br />

continued <strong>and</strong> in 1955, during the Istanbul<br />

Pogrom, the Turks burned down many villages<br />

including theirs. Like many other Greeks, Despina<br />

became a refugee <strong>and</strong> moved to America.<br />

She <strong>and</strong> her husb<strong>and</strong>, Stellanos (Steve)<br />

Aslanidis, l<strong>and</strong>ed in Indianapolis, moved to<br />

Arizona <strong>and</strong> then to Los Angeles. From there,<br />

they re-located to Leucadia.<br />

Charlie was ten when he arrived with his mother<br />

Maria, Despina’s daughter. They moved to Los<br />

Angeles <strong>and</strong> bounced around from place to place.<br />

“My dad grew up next to a gas station in<br />

Greece,” said Niko. “His love for cars goes back<br />

to his childhood.”<br />

Niko’s paternal gr<strong>and</strong>mother, Despina, found<br />

work as a seamstress in Los Angeles. She<br />

worked for a famous designer <strong>and</strong> made dresses<br />

for many Hollywood movie stars.<br />

Maria bought a house in Los Angeles <strong>and</strong><br />

then bought property in Leucadia in the early<br />

1970s, including a hotel originally called the Las<br />

G<br />

Above: Charlie’s Foreign Car Service<br />

today with two generations of the<br />

Sougias family (from left to right):<br />

Christine, Niko, Shelly, <strong>and</strong><br />

Charlie Sougias.<br />

Left: Charlie Sougias <strong>and</strong><br />

Despina Aslanidis.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 7 1

G<br />

Despina Aslanidis fought in the Greek<br />

resistance in World War II <strong>and</strong> was<br />

recognized by the United Kingdom for<br />

providing aid to Allied servicemen<br />

(below). She <strong>and</strong> her husb<strong>and</strong>,<br />

Stellanos, emigrated to the United<br />

States in 1955.<br />

Vegas Motel. It’s now called the Leucadia Beach<br />

Inn. It was here where Charlie started fixing cars<br />

as a teenager in the alleyway.<br />

“My gr<strong>and</strong>mother owned a lot of property in<br />

town <strong>and</strong> helped get my dad get started,” said Niko,<br />

a proud member of the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Rotary Club.<br />

Sadly, Despina died in September 1981, just<br />

six months after Niko was born. To many, she<br />

was a Greek hero. She fought as an anti-<br />

Communist in the war. She was revered for<br />

courageously aiding her country <strong>and</strong> Allied<br />

servicemen during World War II as a resistance<br />

fighter. The family still talks about how she<br />

patiently hid in a tree for several days armed<br />

with a machine gun. When the moment arrived<br />

to engage the enemy, she bravely did her duty.<br />

Maria knew firsth<strong>and</strong> the importance of<br />

lending a helping h<strong>and</strong> to get someone’s career<br />

off the ground. She, herself borrowed money<br />

from an Indian family who was kind enough to<br />

loan her funds for her real estate investments. A<br />

colorful <strong>and</strong> entertaining personality, Maria died<br />

at the age of 89 in December 2015.<br />

Meanwhile, the maternal side of the family<br />

(Niko’s mother is Shelly Jenkins) had its share of<br />

talented <strong>and</strong> noteworthy characters. Niko’s<br />

gr<strong>and</strong>father, Jon Jenkins, was a gifted inventor. His<br />

notable invention was the volumetric infusion<br />

pump. Jon was associated with the formation of<br />

IVAC Corporation <strong>and</strong> later a co-founder of IMED<br />

Corporation. These were start-up companies<br />

founded in the late 1960s <strong>and</strong> 1970s in Sorrento<br />

Valley. Their goal was to provide tools for nurses.<br />

Niko’s gr<strong>and</strong>mother, Fran Jenkins, was a<br />

registered nurse who would often discuss the<br />

need for better intravenous delivery for patients.<br />

In that era, fluid delivery was still administered<br />

by gravity feed with the nurse having to count<br />

the drops <strong>and</strong> compute how many cc’s per hour<br />

were being administered. With Jon’s inventive<br />

mind, the volumetric IV controller was born.<br />

Jon was also responsible for inventing the first<br />

electronic oral thermometer.<br />

From Greece to <strong>Encinitas</strong>, the Sougias family has<br />

established deep roots in San Diego. And now with<br />

son Niko <strong>and</strong> his wife, Christine, who purchased<br />

the business in January 2016, <strong>and</strong> daughter Julia,<br />

who is working on the property management side,<br />

it is truly a family affair at Charlie’s Foreign Car<br />

Service, one of downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong>’ most<br />

successful <strong>and</strong> enduring local businesses.<br />

1 7 2 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 7 3



T H E L E U C A D I A<br />

B E A C H I N N A N D<br />

T H E G O L D<br />

C O A S T P L A Z A<br />

G<br />

Below <strong>and</strong> Bottom: The Leucadia<br />

Beach Inn c. 2005 <strong>and</strong> today.<br />

Kirsten <strong>and</strong> Charley Marvin have been<br />

married for 35 years. They first met on a blind<br />

date <strong>and</strong> their routes prior to initially getting<br />

together were quite diverse.<br />

Kirsten was born <strong>and</strong> raised in Denmark.<br />

She then lived in Canada where her two<br />

children, Sean <strong>and</strong> Lisa, were born. She moved<br />

to the Los Angeles area before coming to San<br />

Diego County.<br />

Charley was born <strong>and</strong> raised in Woodbridge,<br />

Connecticut. After attending Amherst College,<br />

he became an Air Intelligence Officer in the<br />

United States Navy. Then he was an instructor<br />

at The Advanced Air Intelligence Training<br />

Center at NAS Alameda. He left the Navy to<br />

attend law school at the University of<br />

California, Berkeley <strong>and</strong> then joined a large<br />

downtown Los Angeles law firm prior to<br />

becoming a partner in a large San Diego law<br />

firm, in the early 1970s.<br />

Charley bought a home in Leucadia when he<br />

first arrived in 1971. He brought up his two<br />

daughters, Natasha <strong>and</strong> Tara, in that beach home.<br />

Charley later formed his own law firm in<br />

Rancho Santa Fe. He then returned to <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

<strong>and</strong> Cardiff-by-the-Sea where he practiced real<br />

estate <strong>and</strong> business law from 1984 until his<br />

retirement in 2005.<br />

Beginning in the mid-1970s, Charley invested<br />

in commercial real estate along the Coast<br />

Highway in Leucadia <strong>and</strong> downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

In 1976 Charley purchased the Gold Coast<br />

Plaza, when it was the Manor Motel. In 1990<br />

Kirsten <strong>and</strong> Charley changed the use of the<br />

property to a boutique shopping center. At the<br />

same time, Kirsten began laying the foundation<br />

for the wonderful gardens that exist on the<br />

north side of the property, directly across the<br />

street from the Pannikin. The gardens, which<br />

are open to the public, include a gazebo, a<br />

flowing stream, <strong>and</strong> a Koi pond. Their longterm<br />

tenants include the Cielo Hair Salon, the<br />

Fully Loaded Juicery, <strong>and</strong>, in the back, on La<br />

Veta, Indigo Dragon, a wellness center.<br />

Gold Coast is managed by Kirsten <strong>and</strong><br />

Charley’s daughter, Lisa.<br />

1 7 4 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

After having two ladies clothing stores in<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>, Kirsten opened a widely acclaimed<br />

boutique shop, with a wine cellar, on the<br />

property she <strong>and</strong> Charley purchased in 1990 in<br />

the beautiful mountain town of Idyllwild. They<br />

traded the property in 2004 for the Leucadia<br />

Beach Inn.<br />

The Inn holds a unique place in the <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

<strong>and</strong> Leucadia guest lodging history. It is the<br />

oldest continuously operating lodging facility in<br />

the city. It was originally constructed in the<br />

1920s <strong>and</strong> has been in operation ever since. The<br />

Leucadia Beach Inn is comprised of two separate<br />

buildings. The one-story building on the south<br />

side was constructed in the classic California<br />

motel “horseshoe” design, around a flower filled<br />

central courtyard. Farrah Fawcett <strong>and</strong> many<br />

other Hollywood stars were guests at the Inn.<br />

The two-story building to the north was<br />

added in the 1970s in order to nearly double<br />

the capacity of the Inn.<br />

Kirsten <strong>and</strong> Charley have the distinction of<br />

being the longest tenured owners of the Inn. One<br />

of the most interesting owners of the Leucadia<br />

Beach Inn, in two separate stints, was Despina<br />

Aslinades. Despina was the gr<strong>and</strong>mother of Charlie<br />

Sougais of Charlie’s Foreign Cars in downtown<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>, <strong>and</strong> the great-gr<strong>and</strong>mother of the<br />

present owner, Niko Sougais. To learn more about<br />

this marvelous lady please refer to the Sougais<br />

family piece which is part of this <strong>Encinitas</strong> <strong>History</strong>.<br />

The Inn is presently managed by<br />

Todd Derr, the Marvin’s son-in-law,<br />

with the very capable assistance of<br />

Mark Decotis. The Marvins are very<br />

proud of the Leucadia Beach Inn’s<br />

ranking as the top lodging facility in<br />

guest satisfaction along the entire<br />

North San Diego County Coast.<br />

In his retirement, Charley has become<br />

a writer. He has already self-published a<br />

book, available on Amazon, “The<br />

Tuesday Morning Gang”. Among other<br />

writing projects, Charley is working on<br />

publishing his book, “Leucadia Tales—<br />

A Whimsical <strong>History</strong> of Leucadia”.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 7 5

BUMANN<br />

RANCH<br />

G<br />

Above: The Bumann ranch, in May<br />

of 1935<br />

Below: Herman <strong>and</strong> Emma Bumann.<br />

December 1893.<br />

In December 1884, Herman Friedrich<br />

Wilhelm Bumann arrived in southern California<br />

as part of a German colony called Colony<br />

Olivenhain. Sometime in 1886, Herman left the<br />

colony <strong>and</strong> homesteaded 160-acres, two miles<br />

northeast from the colony settlement. Part of<br />

this homestead <strong>and</strong> its improvements are now<br />

called the Bumann ranch.<br />

During the homestead period, Herman<br />

constructed a two-mile perimeter fence, cleared<br />

<strong>and</strong> plowed fields, constructed a small barn <strong>and</strong><br />

dug a water well. Herman’s home was a 10 by<br />

12 foot shanty where he lived for six years.<br />

Finally, in early 1892, Herman was awarded a<br />

patent to the homestead <strong>and</strong> became the legal<br />

owner. In early 1893, a 24 X 28 foot ranch<br />

house was built. So, by mid-1893, Herman had<br />

a 160-acre ranch with three buildings, four<br />

horses <strong>and</strong> his good health.<br />

In 1893 Herman married Emma Marie<br />

Junker. Emma had only known the city but was<br />

now living on an isolated, mostly unimproved<br />

homestead ranch. She loved the ranch <strong>and</strong><br />

became a major contributor to its development.<br />

Herman <strong>and</strong> Emma would have 12 healthy<br />

children, five boys <strong>and</strong> seven girls, all born <strong>and</strong><br />

raised on the ranch property.<br />

The years from 1894 to 1920 became a<br />

period of growth for the ranch. Adjacent<br />

properties were purchased in 1909 <strong>and</strong> 1918<br />

increasing the ranch size to 480-acres. Seven<br />

additional buildings were added, including: a<br />

granary, bunk house, reaper barn, bee shed <strong>and</strong><br />

a second hay barn. Animals included four work<br />

horses, 25 cows plus calves <strong>and</strong> bull, several<br />

hundred chickens, four pigs <strong>and</strong> thirty bee<br />

boxes. Field crops included wheat, barley <strong>and</strong><br />

oat hay which were grown on up to 60-acres of<br />

cultivated l<strong>and</strong>. This was a working ranch,<br />

which at the end of any day, Herman <strong>and</strong> Emma<br />

would confirm.<br />

The many years of hard labor combined with<br />

tobacco use, strained Herman’s health. He died<br />

in February 1926. With the help of the children,<br />

Emma continued the ranch operation for<br />

another ten years. Emma Marie Bumann passed<br />

away in February 1936.<br />

The estate divided the ranch property<br />

between the twelve children. All the children<br />

would leave the ranch except Herman Charles<br />

Bumann who would, on a reduced scale,<br />

1 7 6 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

continue the ranch operation for many years.<br />

Herman C. inherited the l<strong>and</strong> with the ranch<br />

building <strong>and</strong> equipment. He alone would<br />

continue the ranch operation <strong>and</strong> through his<br />

maintenance <strong>and</strong> preservation efforts would<br />

allow the Bumann ranch to continue<br />

unchanged. As time passed, Herman’s small<br />

income could no longer satisfy the rising taxes.<br />

He started selling l<strong>and</strong> in the late 1950s <strong>and</strong> by<br />

1971 only ten-acres remained. Herman kept the<br />

l<strong>and</strong> with the ranch yard <strong>and</strong> buildings. Herman<br />

had reached his senior years <strong>and</strong> often worried,<br />

who would take over the ranch? Who would<br />

take care of him?<br />

Richard <strong>and</strong> Adeline (Twink) Bumann moved<br />

to the ranch in 1985. Their home had running<br />

water but electricity was not connected for six<br />

G<br />

Top: Feeding chickens. William,<br />

Emma <strong>and</strong> Herman Bumann.<br />

July 1916.<br />

Middle: Herman C. Bumann cutting<br />

oats, June 1935.<br />

Bottom: Richard <strong>and</strong> Adeline Bumann<br />

with their dog, Patches, March 2010.<br />

months. Herman chuckled, “What’s the<br />

problem, I’ve lived here without electricity<br />

for 80 years!”. Animals were reintroduced,<br />

including cats, dog, chickens, horse, pigs <strong>and</strong><br />

cattle. Four-acres of oat hay was planted to feed<br />

the cattle.<br />

Herman Charles Bumann passed away in<br />

January 1994. Richard <strong>and</strong> Adeline alone would<br />

continue the preservation <strong>and</strong> operation of the<br />

Bumann Ranch. The Bumann ranch is unique<br />

because it survived into the 21st century. It has<br />

been carefully preserved by three generations of<br />

the Bumann family who have called it home.<br />

The Bumann Homestead Ranch was placed on<br />

the National Register of Historic Places on<br />

March 6, 2020.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 7 7


MAGGIE<br />


G<br />

Above: Maggie Houlihan visiting a<br />

Buddist temple in Amakusa City,<br />

Japan, June 2004. Amakusa City is a<br />

sister-city of <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

Below: Maggie Houlihan received the<br />

H<strong>and</strong>s of Compassion Award from<br />

County Supervisor Pam Slater Price,<br />

September 2006.<br />

Animal activist, environmentalist, humanitarian,<br />

Country <strong>and</strong> Western dancer. Labels that only<br />

scratch the surface of one of the most diverse<br />

leaders in the history of <strong>Encinitas</strong>. Born June 16,<br />

1948 in Hollywood Maggie Houlihan grew up as<br />

the quintessential California girl. Raised in a<br />

working class neighborhood of Long Beach she<br />

soon embraced the nascent surfing subculture,<br />

often riding the waves off Seal Beach <strong>and</strong> listening<br />

to surf music at the local clubs. It was at one of<br />

these venues where a gang member involved her in<br />

an altercation. The lead singer on stage witnessed<br />

the incident <strong>and</strong> invited Maggie back to her<br />

dressing room where she promptly schooled her on<br />

how to fight. That artist was the now legendary<br />

Tina Turner.<br />

With a stellar academic record Maggie<br />

continued her education at Long Beach State<br />

becoming a member of the school senate<br />

<strong>and</strong> later being voted “Woman of the Year.” In<br />

1968, marriage <strong>and</strong> a newborn son put her<br />

degree on hold but the marriage was destined to<br />

fail <strong>and</strong> in 1970, while struggling below the<br />

poverty line, she gathered up her son Chris, a dog<br />

<strong>and</strong> two cats <strong>and</strong> left Long Beach to carve out a<br />

future in <strong>Encinitas</strong>. She l<strong>and</strong>ed at the Travelaire<br />

motel where, after checking in, she promptly<br />

smuggled her animals into her room. Desperate<br />

for work, she found a job at the Compass West<br />

print shop. The wages were low so she<br />

supplemented her income by cleaning houses,<br />

ironing clothes <strong>and</strong> sewing. This enabled her to<br />

rent two rooms on Cornish Avenue where she<br />

had to purchase a hot plate in order to cook.<br />

After Compass West she started a job at at the<br />

Bank of America <strong>and</strong> decided to finish her<br />

degree. With her two year old in tow, Maggie<br />

enrolled at UCSD where she graduated with<br />

highest honors <strong>and</strong> a place on the dean’s list.<br />

Upon graduation it was the UCSD library where<br />

she would start a new career as a catalog<br />

librarian <strong>and</strong> in 1994 Maggie was recognized by<br />

the chancellor as the “Most Valuable Employee”<br />

on the campus. In 1998 she received another<br />

UCSD award this time for her work in furthering<br />

the spirit of diversity, equal opportunity <strong>and</strong><br />

affirmative action.<br />

As a staunch animal advocate she helped to<br />

create SNAP, the Spay <strong>and</strong> Neuter Action<br />

Project, which takes its surgical bus into lowincome<br />

areas <strong>and</strong> fixes pets in order to reduce<br />

the volume of unwanted animals in the county<br />

shelters. She also started Wee Companions; an<br />

organization that rescues, then finds homes for<br />

the smallest of household pets.<br />

In 2000 Maggie ran a successful grass roots<br />

campaign for a seat on the city council on a<br />

platform of maintaining the character of the<br />

community by advocating slow growth <strong>and</strong><br />

environmental stewardship. She was reelected in<br />

2004 <strong>and</strong> 2008 with the most votes of any of the<br />

c<strong>and</strong>idates <strong>and</strong> served as the city’s mayor in 2004<br />

<strong>and</strong> 2009. In 2004 she caused a stir while<br />

competing in a triathlon during a visit to<br />

1 7 8 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

<strong>Encinitas</strong>’ sister city, Amakusa Japan. Stopping<br />

during the bike leg she rescued an emaciated<br />

kitten trapped in brambles beside the road. Her<br />

love of animals had superseded her political<br />

obligations but her act of compassion won the<br />

admiration of the Japanese.<br />

During her time in office she created the Pet<br />

Health Expo, banned the leg hold traps used by<br />

hunters, made the exhibiting of wild animals<br />

illegal <strong>and</strong> championed clean water <strong>and</strong> the<br />

purchase of open space. In 2010, the Surfrider<br />

Association presented Maggie with their Clean<br />

Water award for her efforts to protect our<br />

shoreline <strong>and</strong> watersheds.<br />

Maggie passed away in 2011 from cancer but<br />

refused to give up council business until the very<br />

end, attending meetings via conference call from<br />

her sick bed. The city later designated a section<br />

of the community park as the Maggie Houlihan<br />

Memorial Dog Park in her honor.<br />

G<br />

Above: Maggie Houlihan at the<br />

opening of the <strong>Encinitas</strong> library<br />

February, 2008.<br />

Left: Maggie Houlihan at city hall<br />

during her cancer treatment 2011.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 7 9



G<br />

Above: Edgar <strong>and</strong> Renate Engert.<br />

Top, right: Edgar Engert <strong>and</strong><br />

Governor Arnold Schwarenegger at<br />

the state capital.<br />

Bottom: Family photograph taken of<br />

the Engert family at Edgar <strong>and</strong><br />

Renate’s 50th wedding anniversary.<br />

From the beginning, Edgar Engert, fondly<br />

remembered by locals as “Mr. <strong>Encinitas</strong>,”<br />

seemed to be planting the seeds for what<br />

would become an amazing life which helped<br />

shape the horticulture industry, his family <strong>and</strong><br />

his community.<br />

Born in Kreimbach, Germany in 1936,<br />

Engert immigrated to New York in 1958 to<br />

escape the aftermath of World War II <strong>and</strong><br />

cultivate a new life for his wife Renate <strong>and</strong><br />

newborn daughter. He l<strong>and</strong>ed a job in Long<br />

Isl<strong>and</strong> with a flower grower from his<br />

hometown, <strong>and</strong> not only discovered his passion<br />

for horticulture, but was also introduced to the<br />

flower <strong>and</strong> family which would bring him <strong>and</strong><br />

his family to his beloved <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

Though Engert first met Paul Ecke, Jr. in a<br />

New York greenhouse where Ecke had come to<br />

check out different species of poinsettias, Engert<br />

did not have a job when he took off for the west<br />

coast. It did not, however, take the Eckes long to<br />

snap him up <strong>and</strong> he spent the next 44 years<br />

helping them turn the poinsettia into an<br />

enduring Christmas tradition <strong>and</strong> a farming<br />

empire where he worked until it was sold in<br />

2012. Nine years later, on January 10, 2021,<br />

Engert passed away unexpectedly from<br />

complications of the novel coronavirus.<br />

The Coast News hailed him as a family man<br />

first <strong>and</strong> wonderful humanitarian second; a man<br />

who gave his time to organizations such as the<br />

YMCA, Y Service Club International, <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Chamber of Commerce, Rotary Club, the Del<br />

Mar Fair Flower <strong>and</strong> Garden Show <strong>and</strong> San<br />

Diego County Flower <strong>and</strong> Plant Association, the<br />

California State Florist Association, San Diego<br />

Botanical Gardens <strong>and</strong> the San Dieguito Heritage<br />

Museum. He is credited with starting the<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>’ Oktoberfest <strong>and</strong> Holiday Parade.<br />

“I’m very sad he’s gone, but I am also<br />

surprised because he never seemed to stop,”<br />

Paul Ecke III said in the news article. “He<br />

never seemed to sleep; he was always working,<br />

spending time with his family <strong>and</strong> helping<br />

with charities.”<br />

“He lit up any room he entered, never met a<br />

stranger, <strong>and</strong> was always concerned about the<br />

well-being of his family <strong>and</strong> friends,” his family<br />

wrote in his obituary, adding that he always<br />

encouraged them to reach for the stars—just<br />

like he always did.<br />

1 8 0 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

McNeill Avenue is a one-block side street off<br />

of Vulcan. There were only eight small custom<br />

homes <strong>and</strong> one was a Sears Kit Home! The<br />

original McNeill House was built in the1920s<br />

on a double lot. Homes were small yet adequate.<br />

Carolyn Cope, owner of the new McNeill<br />

House recalls, “My father, Gerard E. Roy, <strong>and</strong><br />

my mother, Thelma Boggs Roy, bought this little<br />

two-bedroom home in 1949 for $2,000. In<br />

1955 another room was added, <strong>and</strong> the western<br />

balcony was enclosed. This property has a<br />

magnificent 180-degree view of the ocean.”<br />

I always felt something special here. I could<br />

feel it from the moment I untied my shoes <strong>and</strong><br />

rubbed my chubby feet into the warm, s<strong>and</strong>y<br />

dirt in our front yard as a two-year old.<br />

In December 1988 my father died <strong>and</strong> mom did<br />

not want to live alone. I wanted a big house <strong>and</strong> I got<br />

it. The house was disassembled <strong>and</strong> taken to Mexico.<br />

We built a three-level, four-car garage, with an<br />

efficiency apartment for my mother <strong>and</strong> five more<br />

bedrooms. Mom died in 2010, followed by my<br />

childrens’ father, Thomas M. Cope, M.D. in 2014.<br />

<strong>Our</strong> children, Rosannah Elaine Cope, Thomas<br />

“Morgan” Cope <strong>and</strong> Joseph Gerard Cope,<br />

had moved on into the world. To help<br />

with expenses, close friends who needed<br />

‘just a room’ moved in.<br />

Few people know about our<br />

w<strong>and</strong>ering soul. He was here when I was<br />

a kid <strong>and</strong> he still makes himself known<br />

from time-to-time. Lights turning on<br />

<strong>and</strong> off, items falling off shelves <strong>and</strong><br />

minor movements let us know when he<br />

is ‘disturbed’ by something or someone.<br />

Many birthday parties, bridal<br />

showers, rock concerts have filled this<br />

house. Pianists, sax players, drum<br />

circles, art shows, Tibetan Healing<br />

Bowls, Chi-gong, hula-hoops, <strong>and</strong><br />

Rotary fellowships have kept this house<br />

lively. Young iPalpiti musicians from<br />

around the world make the house feel<br />

like Carnage Hall.<br />

The house is decorated with many<br />

local artists’ creations both inside <strong>and</strong><br />

out. Julia C.R. Gray painted the logo on<br />

the front of the house <strong>and</strong> also the<br />

butterfly adorned pergola. Inside she<br />

painted the dining room with long<br />

vines of wisteria. Rooms are decorated<br />

with faux-sponged walls, cloud-filled skies <strong>and</strong><br />

matching accents throughout the house. Artistic<br />

tile work, both inside <strong>and</strong> out, was done by Billy<br />

Stewart. Tiled mosaic panels, intricate mosaic<br />

light well, patio tables <strong>and</strong> all tiled flooring. Iron<br />

gates, fences <strong>and</strong> railings were designed by<br />

sculpture artist Danny Salzh<strong>and</strong>ler.<br />



HOUSE<br />

G<br />

Above: Left to right: Tom, Rosannah,<br />

Morgan, Carolyn <strong>and</strong> Joseph Cope.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 8 1



The Danforth Building has been an anchor in<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> since 1918. For over 100 years a twostory<br />

multiple use building has stood on the<br />

corner of First St <strong>and</strong> E St. Most of the time, 80<br />

years, belonging to the Danforth family.<br />

The construction history of the building<br />

shows it was completed in 2 stages. The first<br />

stage was built in 1918. In 1937 when (First St)<br />

Highway 101 was widened in anticipation of the<br />

Del Mar Racetrack traffic, 20-feet was removed<br />

from the front of the building. The state paid the<br />

owners, the Wenz family, who then added the<br />

second phase of the building in 1937, the south<br />

side, as it remains today.<br />

It was purchased by Jane Danforth’s mother,<br />

Eckka Robinson Rowe in 1940. Eckka <strong>and</strong> her<br />

husb<strong>and</strong> George resided upstairs in apartment<br />

#2. Eckka managed the entire building for the<br />

next 20 years to pay off the mortgages used to<br />

purchase the property. The Danforth family still<br />

own <strong>and</strong> treasures this building today.<br />

Before Interstate 5, the building was once<br />

part of the heart of downtown. It was a time<br />

in the past when people would meet one<br />

another at the post office, collect their mail,<br />

<strong>and</strong> buy a 3-cent stamp. The southbound<br />

Greyhound bus stop was in front of the building<br />

<strong>and</strong> tickets were purchased in the building’s gift<br />

shop. Downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong> was predominately<br />

between the La Paloma Theater <strong>and</strong> F Street. It<br />

included all businesses needed for everyday life.<br />

The Market was open to the street, with a<br />

fruit <strong>and</strong> vegetable st<strong>and</strong> across the front, where<br />

you could buy a glass jar of milk <strong>and</strong> a loaf of<br />

bread for about 10-cents.<br />

Over the years other building tenants have<br />

included Lou’s Records, Reder Insurance, a yoga<br />

studio, <strong>and</strong> a laundromat. Current occupants are<br />

Station Salon, Better Buzz Coffee, <strong>and</strong> Flashbacks.<br />

The Danforth Building remains a dominant<br />

l<strong>and</strong>mark structure on Old Highway 101. There<br />

are three commercial units downstairs <strong>and</strong><br />

apartments above providing downtown<br />

residential living for over 100 years. It is now<br />

adorned by two murals placed there by the<br />

Downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong> Merchant Association as<br />

part of the alley improvement project. It is also<br />

a reminder of where the <strong>Encinitas</strong> center of<br />

town once was before the Interstate was built<br />

<strong>and</strong> locals would come together as they went<br />

about their daily activities.<br />

1 8 2 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

THE ROY<br />

FAMILY<br />

The corner of Phoebe <strong>and</strong> Highway 101 is<br />

the unofficial heart of Leucadia, where Roy’s<br />

Market, post office <strong>and</strong> laundromat sat. Today<br />

the post office remains. Many Leucadians would<br />

come <strong>and</strong> drop off or pick up their mail, grab<br />

some salted peanuts <strong>and</strong> a beer as they did their<br />

laundry or waited for the Greyhound bus.<br />

Dad, Gerard, <strong>and</strong> mom, Thelma, wed in<br />

1942. In 1936, they moved to <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

simultaneously, Dad from Quebec, Canada,<br />

Mom from Colorado with a practical nursing<br />

degree, joining her brother <strong>and</strong> his wife, Ralph<br />

<strong>and</strong> Martha Boggs, the first home economics<br />

teacher at San Dieguito. Enlisting in the Army,<br />

dad was deployed to Engl<strong>and</strong>. Discharged in<br />

1946, Elaine Verna was born 1947, Carolyn<br />

Jean, 1950, <strong>and</strong> Kenneth Eugene, 1957.<br />

We had several family members in the area;<br />

Jim <strong>and</strong> Teresa Meyers (Meyers’ Tires <strong>and</strong> Terry’s<br />

Knits), Joan <strong>and</strong> Kenny Bunyard (Bunyard<br />

Masonry), Bob <strong>and</strong> Anne Roy, Joe <strong>and</strong> Jeannette<br />

Reisner, <strong>and</strong> many cousins! Sundays brought<br />

BBQ’s, badminton, <strong>and</strong> picnics.<br />

Roy’s Market opened October 1953, the post<br />

office in 1956, <strong>and</strong> laundromat in 1966. Dad had<br />

one employee; Elaine <strong>and</strong> Carolyn helped after<br />

school. Goods were sold on credit <strong>and</strong><br />

occasionally he would burn outst<strong>and</strong>ing<br />

customer’s credit slips. The sisters would fill<br />

orders <strong>and</strong> dad made deliveries to shut-ins <strong>and</strong><br />

the elderly. He left Christmas trees out on<br />

Christmas Eve for those who could not afford one.<br />

An inventor, dad motorized skates, dressing<br />

up as the Man from Mars, complete with ray<br />

gun <strong>and</strong> smoking jet helmet, for the <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

Christmas parade.<br />

Through the 1950s <strong>and</strong> ’60s Mom was a<br />

homemaker <strong>and</strong> community activist. Alongside<br />

neighbor Josephine Vargas, they helped Doug<br />

Hall start the first Boys & Girls Club.<br />

Retiring in 1970, they both enjoyed golf,<br />

travel <strong>and</strong> the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Elks Club. Mom was<br />

crowned 1973 “Elkinenas of the Year.” Dad died<br />

in 1988; Mom in 2010.<br />

Phoebe <strong>and</strong> Highway 101 remains a vibrant<br />

corner property <strong>and</strong> continues to be a major<br />

hub of Leucadia life. The property is still owned<br />

by the family, Elaine <strong>and</strong> John Terrell <strong>and</strong> Ken<br />

<strong>and</strong> Elyse Roy.<br />

G<br />

Above: Gerard Roy in Roy’s Market.<br />

Below: Thelma <strong>and</strong> Gerard Roy.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 8 3


DR. TAKEO<br />


Takeo Sugimoto’s parents were born in Japan.<br />

In 1925, they migrated to the United States <strong>and</strong><br />

began working as vegetable farmers on l<strong>and</strong><br />

they leased in <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

The family had been working towards<br />

qualifying to be able to purchase l<strong>and</strong> for their<br />

farming operations. Due to the United States<br />

Oriental Exclusion Act, they were prohibited<br />

from owning l<strong>and</strong> when they originally arrived<br />

in this country.<br />

The family was taken away to the internment<br />

camps a few weeks before Tak’s older brother<br />

would have turned twenty-one. When he<br />

reached that age, the family would have qualified<br />

under the Act to be able to buy their own<br />

property to farm, instead of having to lease l<strong>and</strong>.<br />

When Tak was only fourteen, his dad was<br />

separated from Tak, his mom, <strong>and</strong> his siblings,<br />

when the family was relocated to an internment<br />

camp with the euphemistic name of “The<br />

Colorado River Project” in Arizona.<br />

The family never saw Sajiro Sugimoto again. He<br />

died of tuberculosis while Tak <strong>and</strong> his other family<br />

members were living separately in detention.<br />

Once the Sugimoto family’s internment<br />

ended at the end of World War II, the family<br />

returned to Leucadia.<br />

By that point in time, it is believed at least the<br />

area youngsters began to fully appreciate the<br />

crushing reality of the horrible impact of the<br />

mass internment of Japanese families at the<br />

beginning of the war.<br />

Tak returned home in time to graduate from<br />

San Dieguito High School with his former<br />

classmates. It was reported that when Tak went up<br />

on stage to receive his diploma from the principal,<br />

his classmates gave him a st<strong>and</strong>ing ovation.<br />

There was another stroke of good fortune for the<br />

Sugimoto family upon their return. They started off<br />

their new life in Leucadia with nothing but the<br />

truck that they had left in the care of Paul Ecke, Sr.<br />

That treasured possession, which Paul Sr.<br />

had sheltered <strong>and</strong> protected during their<br />

absence, became critical in the family’s being<br />

able to make a living. As Tak acknowledged:<br />

“If it hadn’t been for that truck, I don’t know<br />

how we would’ve found work.”<br />

Tak went on to become a very successful<br />

pharmacist <strong>and</strong> businessman. Ironically, first he<br />

spent two years in the U.S. Army after the war<br />

serving in Japan with the American occupation<br />

forces! He later joined the National Guard <strong>and</strong><br />

served in Korea.<br />

After completing his military service, he<br />

married his beautiful wife Ruth of sixty-four<br />

years, with whom he raised five children,<br />

earned his degree of Doctor of Pharmacy at the<br />

University of Southern California.<br />

Following graduation, Tak worked for an<br />

independent pharmacist for a number of years.<br />

Then he decided to come back to our area to<br />

open his own pharmacy in La Costa.<br />

He had never lost touch with the Ecke family.<br />

As a matter of fact, prior to making the lifechanging<br />

determination to move here <strong>and</strong> open<br />

his own pharmacy, he decided to obtain the<br />

advice of Paul Ecke, Sr.<br />

As Tak put it, first he “had to talk with Mr.<br />

Ecke to get his wise counsel <strong>and</strong> offer to his<br />

opinion relative to this momentous move.”<br />

Fortunately, Ecke told Tak that it was a good<br />

decision in light of the fact that the pharmacy<br />

business was an exp<strong>and</strong>ing field.<br />

Tak died on May 20, 2019. He was ninetyone<br />

years old.<br />

1 8 4 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e


GARDENS/<br />



FAMILY<br />

Weidners Gardens on Norm<strong>and</strong>y Road in<br />

Leucadia has been brightening the <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

l<strong>and</strong>scape since 1973. Weidner, pronounced<br />

WIDE-ner, as Evelyn says, “there are no weeds<br />

in Weidner,” <strong>and</strong> you won’t find any at Weidners<br />

Gardens either.<br />

For Evelyn Weidner, gardening has been a<br />

lifetime avocation. She was literally born into<br />

the nursery business. Her parents always had a<br />

nursery—first in Three Rivers <strong>and</strong> then in North<br />

Long Beach, California.<br />

“I’ve always loved the business,” said Evelyn.<br />

“After school, I would head over to the nursery<br />

to work. I would help customers <strong>and</strong> being an<br />

attractive 16-year-old girl, they loved me.”<br />

She married Bob Weidner, who owned a<br />

wholesale foliage plant business. They eventually<br />

came to <strong>Encinitas</strong> at the recommendation of Paul<br />

Ecke Sr. <strong>and</strong> Paul Ecke Jr.<br />

“They said, ‘you’ve got to come down here.<br />

Where else would you go?” said Evelyn.<br />

Following that advice, they bought the l<strong>and</strong><br />

where Weidners Gardens currently st<strong>and</strong>s.<br />

“My husb<strong>and</strong> knew that I loved begonias,”<br />

said Evelyn. “He came home one day <strong>and</strong> asked<br />

me if I’d like a big patch of begonias.”<br />

That patch was 25,000 plants because he<br />

wanted it to be a flower show.<br />

Now that flower show has grown to include<br />

thous<strong>and</strong>s of fuchsias, succulents <strong>and</strong> poinsettias,<br />

including the famous Ecke Poinsettias. The annual<br />

“Behind the Scenes Poinsettia Tours” attract<br />

hundreds of visitors.<br />

Bob Weidner passed away in 1988 <strong>and</strong> Evelyn<br />

<strong>and</strong> daughter Mary ran the nursery until selling<br />

the business in 2014. It is now in the capable<br />

h<strong>and</strong>s of production grower, Oliver Storm, <strong>and</strong><br />

wholesale sales manager, Kalim Owen. Now<br />

semi-retired, Evelyn still writes the nursery<br />

newsletter <strong>and</strong> can often be found greeting<br />

customers <strong>and</strong> giving out gardening advice.<br />

“Wherever we go, it seems we run into people<br />

who are customers of ours,” said Evelyn. “They<br />

are still coming to Weidners for great plants <strong>and</strong><br />

good gardening advice. It’s good to know we are<br />

still helping to make their gardens a success.”<br />

Since then, in her semi-retirement Evelyn<br />

continues to stay a very active member of the<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> community. She has written a gardening<br />

column in the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Advocate <strong>and</strong> Coast<br />

Newspapers for years, as well as being a board<br />

member of the Heritage Ranch Museum <strong>and</strong> an<br />

active member of the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Rotary Club.<br />

G<br />

Weidners Gardens in <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 8 5

G<br />

A modern downtown <strong>Encinitas</strong> in<br />

2021 from D Street looking south to<br />

Swami’s <strong>and</strong> Cardiff-By-the-Sea.<br />


1 8 6 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e


E n c i n i t a s ’ e n g i n e e r s , r e a l t o r s , a n d u t i l i t i e s<br />

p r o v i d e t h e e c o n o m i c f o u n d a t i o n o f t h e c i t y<br />

San Dieguito Engineering ...............................................................1 8 8<br />

Olivenhain Municipal Water District ................................................1 9 0<br />

COMPASS/Steele Realty Group ........................................................1 9 2<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 8 7



G<br />

Above: Cindy Jamieson <strong>and</strong> Joe<br />

Campbell.<br />

Right: Laurie Simon.<br />

Below, left: (left to right) Ivan Fox,<br />

Daphne Munson, Susan Fox, Barry<br />

Munson <strong>and</strong> Gordon McElroy.<br />

Below, right: (left to right) Trudy<br />

Campbell, Jim Laret, Steve <strong>and</strong><br />

Ellie Dillemuth.<br />

Due in large part to the synergy between<br />

its leadership <strong>and</strong> employees, San Dieguito<br />

Engineering has become a premiere l<strong>and</strong><br />

development company <strong>and</strong> public works<br />

consultant, surviving <strong>and</strong> even thriving in a<br />

post-Great Recession business climate. With the<br />

ability to change its business model to meet<br />

contemporary l<strong>and</strong> development needs, SDE<br />

has become an award-winning woman-owned<br />

small business, with recognition in both the<br />

public <strong>and</strong> private sectors.<br />

Founded in Rancho Santa Fe in 1974 by John<br />

Fox <strong>and</strong> John Hawkins, San Dieguito Engineering<br />

originally undertook civil <strong>and</strong> soils engineering<br />

projects. David Newton joined the firm to manage<br />

the soils <strong>and</strong> geotechnical services. John Hawkins<br />

left the firm, <strong>and</strong> Steven Dillemuth took over his<br />

ownership position in 1977. In the early 80s,<br />

James Laret took an ownership position. In the<br />

mid-80s Gordon McElroy took an ownership<br />

position <strong>and</strong> managed the surveying services, <strong>and</strong><br />

1 8 8 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

Wayne Pasco joined the firm as a project engineer.<br />

Ivan Fox (no relation to John Fox) signed on as<br />

General Manager.<br />

SDE performed work for a number of notable<br />

properties during the 1980s, including the<br />

Farms, Del Mar Country Club <strong>and</strong> The Bridges<br />

at Rancho Santa Fe. In 1989, Ernest Grabbe<br />

joined the firm, <strong>and</strong> James Laret left to establish<br />

Laret Engineering. That same year, Ivan Fox left<br />

to start Fox Engineering but would come back<br />

<strong>and</strong>, with Laurie Simon, purchase the shares of<br />

John Fox <strong>and</strong> Steven Dillemuth in 1991.<br />

By the early 1990s, SDE had long since secured<br />

its exceptional reputation. However, its leadership<br />

recognized that the company couldn’t rest on its<br />

laurels <strong>and</strong> adopted the unofficial motto, “Stay alive<br />

until 1995.” And indeed they would, by striving for<br />

client satisfaction, aiming to have “repeat clients<br />

repeatedly.” Noteworthy projects during the 1990s<br />

included Rancho Valencia Resort, <strong>Encinitas</strong>’<br />

Wildflower Estates, Palma de la Reina Mixed Use<br />

Property, various sewer <strong>and</strong> water main extensions,<br />

The Bridges at Rancho Santa Fe, <strong>and</strong> single family<br />

grading plans <strong>and</strong> subdivisions. In 1994, Barry<br />

Munson joined the company as a partner, <strong>and</strong> in<br />

1999, Steve Crosby <strong>and</strong> Andrew Karydes, to<br />

eventually replace Ivan Fox <strong>and</strong> Gordon McElroy.<br />

Hired as a project engineer in 2000, current<br />

President <strong>and</strong> CEO Annie Aguilar assumed her<br />

leadership role in 2011. Under her guidance,<br />

SDE has garnered many awards, including<br />

Women-Owned Small Business of the Year from<br />

the Small Business Administration (SBA) in<br />

2014, a designation as one of the Top Women-<br />

Owned Businesses from the San Diego Business<br />

Journal in 2016, <strong>and</strong> in 2019, the American<br />

Public Works Association’s Project of the Year<br />

for its work on the San Diego County Water<br />

Authority Pipeline 3 relining from Lake Murray<br />

to the Sweetwater Reservoir, as well as ENR’s<br />

Best Project for BioLegend Campus Extension.<br />

Once again in 2020, SDE was presented the SBA<br />

Minority Business Champion of the Year Award.<br />

In 2000, Ivan spearheaded the creation of a<br />

subsidiary, AirX Utility Surveyors (which became its<br />

own entity in 2006), for the purpose of cataloging<br />

existing utilities via Subsurface Utility Engineering<br />

(SUE). This service incorporates geophysics in the<br />

mapping of existing underground utilities, aiding in<br />

relocation design, quality assessment, <strong>and</strong> the<br />

transmission of data to utility stakeholders. SUE is<br />

considered a best practice to avoid construction<br />

costs for l<strong>and</strong> development projects <strong>and</strong> public<br />

agencies nationwide. SDE has implemented SUE<br />

on several large-scale projects, such as the San<br />

Diego Airport Terminal 2 l<strong>and</strong>side expansion in<br />

2009, Sempra/Energy/SDG&E’s Pipeline Safety<br />

Enhancement Plan in 2013, <strong>and</strong> utility mapping for<br />

Scripps Health campuses in 2017.<br />

Patricia Urquiza joined the company as<br />

Accounting Manager in 2003 <strong>and</strong> would<br />

eventually become CFO in 2016. Andrew Karydes<br />

signed on to the firm in 1999, becoming a partner<br />

in 2002. In 2004, Karydes assumed the role of<br />

Vice President <strong>and</strong> Secretary. As of this<br />

publication, the company, which employs 17<br />

individuals, is based in Solana Beach <strong>and</strong> takes in<br />

an annual revenue of 2.8 million dollars. SDE will<br />

continue to grow <strong>and</strong> deliver top quality results for<br />

private development projects <strong>and</strong> public work<br />

agencies in the greater San Diego area.<br />

G<br />

Above: The SDE Team, c. 2019.<br />

Below: SANDAG’s MCTC Mid Coast<br />

Corridor Project<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 8 9



WATER<br />


G<br />

Right: The first Board of Directors of<br />

Olivenhain Municipal Water District<br />

were present at opening ceremonies in<br />

1959 when the first water trickled<br />

into Olivenhain. (Left to right) Otto<br />

Berk, Howard G. Golem, Alwin<br />

Wieg<strong>and</strong>, James B. Wood, <strong>and</strong> Clarke<br />

R. Thomas.<br />

Below: Crews construct Wanket<br />

Reservoir in 1975. The reservoir<br />

brought an additional three million<br />

gallons of potable water storage<br />

capacity to OMWD’s service area.<br />

In the mid-nineteenth century, the<br />

Olivenhain area was the site of a stagecoach<br />

station along the Seeley-Wright Stagecoach<br />

Line. The station was located in present-day<br />

Stagecoach Park, a mid-way point between the<br />

San Diego <strong>and</strong> San Luis Rey Missions.<br />

The historic route which ran along El Camino<br />

Real was propagated with olive trees by Spanish<br />

missionaries. Though the trees were not cultivated,<br />

their presence prompted a program enticing<br />

settlers to move to the area. Advertisements<br />

promised a climate where anything could grow,<br />

especially olive trees. Originally referred to as<br />

Olivenheim, which translates in German to “home<br />

of the olive,” <strong>and</strong> later changed to Olivenhain<br />

meaning “olive grove,” the prospect of farming<br />

attracted German settlers.<br />

By 1884, Colony Olivenhain was established.<br />

However, with a semi-arid local climate receiving<br />

an average rainfall of only ten inches annually,<br />

lack of water hampered development of the area.<br />

In 1959, as Southern California wholesale<br />

water agencies developed infrastructure that<br />

brought imported water from the Colorado<br />

River to San Diego County, several ranchers<br />

b<strong>and</strong>ed together to secure access to that water<br />

supply—Olivenhain Municipal Water District<br />

was established.<br />

The availability of a reliable water supply<br />

allowed agriculture in the area to thrive. New<br />

crops such as flowers <strong>and</strong> citrus trees were<br />

grown, <strong>and</strong> domestic growth accelerated in<br />

addition to agriculture.<br />

1 9 0 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

Early OMWD board meetings were held in<br />

the Olivenhain Town Meeting Hall. OMWD’s<br />

first vice president, Howard G. Golem,<br />

reminisced, “I remember the one light bulb<br />

dangling from the ceiling in that small room.<br />

We didn’t have running water, but we did<br />

have bats.” Shortly after, in 1961, a district office<br />

was constructed at the site of OMWD’s presentday<br />

headquarters.<br />

OMWD’s service area continued to rapidly<br />

develop in the ensuing decades. To ensure water<br />

availability <strong>and</strong> quality, OMWD initiated the<br />

Olivenhain Water Storage Project. OWSP<br />

consisted of a water treatment plant <strong>and</strong> a joint<br />

venture with San Diego County Water Authority<br />

to build Olivenhain Dam <strong>and</strong> Reservoir.<br />

In 2002, OMWD unveiled its David C.<br />

McCollom Water Treatment Plant which today<br />

is capable of producing up to 34 million gallons<br />

per day of high-quality drinking water. The<br />

facility uses ultrafiltration technology which<br />

provides a physical barrier to waterborne health<br />

threats while minimizing chemical use. At the<br />

time of its construction, the plant was the<br />

largest of its kind in the US. Not only does<br />

this facility reduce OMWD’s purchase costs<br />

for water, it also generates enough<br />

hydroelectricity to cover approximately fifty<br />

percent of its energy dem<strong>and</strong>s.<br />

To secure l<strong>and</strong> for the OWSP, OMWD<br />

developed Elfin Forest Recreational Reserve in<br />

partnership with San Diego County Water<br />

Authority <strong>and</strong> US Department of the Interior’s<br />

Bureau of L<strong>and</strong> Management. The 784-acre<br />

reserve opened in 1992 <strong>and</strong> is managed by<br />

OMWD. EFRR offers recreational opportunities<br />

for hiking, biking, <strong>and</strong> equestrian use, as well as<br />

educational programs for community members<br />

<strong>and</strong> local schools.<br />

In 1998, OMWD added wastewater<br />

treatment to its list of services by annexing<br />

sanitation districts serving 4S Ranch <strong>and</strong><br />

Rancho Cielo. To meet the long-term needs of<br />

the growing neighborhoods, OMWD upgraded<br />

the existing wastewater treatment plant <strong>and</strong> the<br />

4S Ranch Water Reclamation Facility was born.<br />

It began producing recycled water in 2003,<br />

adding an important drought-resilient water<br />

supply to OMWD’s portfolio. OMWD continues<br />

to exp<strong>and</strong> recycled water availability throughout<br />

its service area, <strong>and</strong> is also exploring additional<br />

local, sustainable water supplies such as<br />

brackish groundwater desalination.<br />

In its first year of operation, Olivenhain<br />

Municipal Water District sold just twelve acrefeet<br />

of water. Today, it treats <strong>and</strong> delivers<br />

approximately 18,000 acre feet of drinking<br />

water annually to 86,000 residents. Over sixty<br />

years, OMWD has come a long way, <strong>and</strong><br />

delivering a safe <strong>and</strong> reliable water supply has<br />

remained OMWD’s utmost priority. It is<br />

committed to making investments that enhance<br />

the quality of life in our community for the<br />

decades ahead.<br />

G<br />

Above: OMWD continues to develop<br />

local <strong>and</strong> sustainable sources of water<br />

supply including increasing the<br />

availability of recycled water<br />

throughout its service area.<br />

Below: OMWD’s David C. McCollom<br />

Water Treatment Plant in front of<br />

Olivenhain Dam. The facility<br />

produces up to 34 million gallons of<br />

potable water every day using<br />

advanced ultrafiltration technology.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 9 1

COMPASS/<br />

STEELE<br />

REALTY<br />

GROUP<br />

Betty <strong>and</strong> Cody Steele have nearly 60 years of<br />

experience in Real Estate. This mother/son broker<br />

team bring many talents to the table. What really<br />

defines a good real estate agent? Some of the<br />

qualities this duo excel at are agreeable <strong>and</strong> patient<br />

personalities, local knowledge, changing real estate<br />

trends, the differing needs of a buyer versus a<br />

seller, <strong>and</strong> most importantly prioritizing a client’s<br />

satisfaction ahead of a commission. When you<br />

have loyal clients for over 40 years <strong>and</strong> you are<br />

selling or buying properties for their children <strong>and</strong><br />

neighbors, they have given you the best<br />

advertising which is word of mouth.<br />

Betty has been a fixture in the North County<br />

lifestyle since her move from Texas in 1969. An<br />

avid surfer for 50 years she has a deep love for<br />

the ocean. It is in Betty’s DNA to give back to<br />

this area that has given so much to her <strong>and</strong> her<br />

family. She cofounded the 1st chapter of the San<br />

Diego Surfrider Foundation, was President of<br />

Solana Beach/Del Mar Rotary, was President of<br />

local networking group, helped bring back the<br />

charity event Cardiff Surf Classic <strong>and</strong> the Green<br />

Beach Fair & is actively involved with Cardiff<br />

101 Main Street.<br />

Betty’s abundant energy also includes world<br />

travel: Patagonia, Maldives, Mentawai isl<strong>and</strong>s,<br />

Costa Rica <strong>and</strong> Icel<strong>and</strong> to name just a few.<br />

The other half of the team is Cody Steele<br />

with 19 years in the family real estate business.<br />

Born <strong>and</strong> raised in Solana Beach, he purchased<br />

the house he grew up in from his parents. A<br />

natural athlete he had a successful career in<br />

professional surfing while also going to college<br />

with studies in sociology, graphic arts <strong>and</strong><br />

marketing all of which were put to good<br />

use in real estate. Cody is married with 5<br />

children. He has carried on the tradition of<br />

coaching youth sports in Solana Beach. Of<br />

course, his family loves the beach <strong>and</strong> surfing,<br />

it is not unusual to see his tribe show up in the<br />

Seaside parking lot.<br />

Sincere service for your Real Estate needs is<br />

the foundation of the COMPASS/Steele Realty<br />

Group, DRE 01344459.<br />

1 9 2 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

G<br />


S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 9 3

G<br />

Switchfoot performed their annual<br />

concert after the BRO-AM charitable<br />

fundraiser surf competition in June of<br />

2018 drawing more than 10,000 to<br />

Moonlight Beach.<br />


1 9 4 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e


I c o n i c r e s i d e n t s o f E n c i n i t a s<br />

w h o s e n a m e s w i l l n o t b e f o r g o t t e n<br />

The Eagles & Jack Tempchin, Songwriter ..........................................1 9 6<br />

Joe Walsh ....................................................................................1 9 8<br />

Eddie Vedder ................................................................................1 9 9<br />

Paramahansa Yogan<strong>and</strong>a ................................................................2 0 0<br />

Richard Dreyfuss ..........................................................................2 0 0<br />

Ravi Shankar ...............................................................................2 0 1<br />

Tom DeLonge ................................................................................2 0 2<br />

Tony Hawk ...................................................................................2 0 3<br />

Rob Machado ................................................................................2 0 4<br />

Switchfoot <strong>and</strong> the BRO-AM ............................................................2 0 5<br />

Johnny Rock .................................................................................2 0 6<br />

Cloris Leachman ...........................................................................2 0 7<br />

Hugh Martin ................................................................................2 0 7<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 9 5


&<br />



G<br />

Top: House on Neptune Drive in<br />

Leucadia where the Eagle’s lived <strong>and</strong><br />

wrote songs in the early 1970s<br />



Bottom: Rock b<strong>and</strong> The Eagles<br />

performs at a concert of their<br />

world tour in Taipei, Taiwan,<br />

26 February 2011.<br />


The Eagles forged their place at the forefront of<br />

mainstream rock music in the 1970s with a<br />

laidback but deceptively regimented sound that<br />

netted them hundreds of millions in record sales,<br />

with enduring smashes like Their Greatest Hits <strong>and</strong><br />

Hotel California. Notably, the founding b<strong>and</strong>mates<br />

(Glenn Frey, Don Henley, R<strong>and</strong>y Meisner, <strong>and</strong><br />

Bernie Leadon) spent some of their early days<br />

together in <strong>Encinitas</strong>, where they would lay the<br />

groundwork for a legendary career.<br />

They gathered at a home on Neptune Drive,<br />

situated on the cliffs of Leucadia. A plaque nearby<br />

1 9 6 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

eads, “The Eagles lived <strong>and</strong> recorded their music<br />

here in the early 1970s.” It is a direct, unpoetic<br />

statement, but when the subject is one of the<br />

most successful b<strong>and</strong>s of all time, a b<strong>and</strong> whose<br />

reputation precedes them by far, there is little else<br />

to say. The Eagles spent time in this house <strong>and</strong> on<br />

the beaches below, co-writing songs with<br />

musician Jack Tempchin, including “Already<br />

Gone” <strong>and</strong> “Somebody.” But Tempchin, who has<br />

long resided in <strong>Encinitas</strong>, is perhaps best known<br />

for providing the Eagles with one of their most<br />

enduring hits, “Peaceful Easy Feeling.”<br />

In 1980, the group disb<strong>and</strong>ed <strong>and</strong> went their<br />

separate ways. Joe Walsh, Don Hendley <strong>and</strong><br />

Glen Frey all had very successful solo carrers.<br />

In 1994, they formally reunited for the “Hell<br />

Freezes Over” tour. Frey commented at their first<br />

live performance, “For the record, we never broke<br />

up. We just took a fourteen year vacation.”<br />

The Eagles have been nominated for eighteen<br />

Grammy Awards, which resulted in six wins<br />

since 1973, including Record of the Year for<br />

“Hotel California” in 1978.. They were inducted<br />

into the Rock <strong>and</strong> Roll Hall of Fame in 1988,<br />

<strong>and</strong> into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 2001.<br />

Sadly, on January 18, 2016, founding b<strong>and</strong><br />

member, Glenn Frey, from Detroit, Michigan,<br />

passed away at the age of 67 from complications<br />

of rheumatoid arthritis <strong>and</strong> pneumonia. Frey<br />

wrote or co-wrote (often with drummer Don<br />

Henley) many of the group’s songs <strong>and</strong> sang the<br />

lead vocals on a number of Eagles hits including<br />

“Take It Easy”, “Peaceful Easy Feeling”, “Already<br />

Gone”, “Tequila Sunrise”, “Lyin’ Eyes”, “New Kid in<br />

Town”, “Heartache Tonight” <strong>and</strong> “How Long”.<br />

The current members of The Eagles are Don<br />

Henley on lead <strong>and</strong> backing vocals, drums,<br />

percussion, rhythm guitar; Joe Walsh on lead<br />

<strong>and</strong> rhythm guitars, backing <strong>and</strong> lead vocals,<br />

keyboards; Timothy B. Schmit on bass guitar,<br />

backing <strong>and</strong> lead vocals, harmonica; Deacon<br />

Frey on rhythm <strong>and</strong> lead guitars, lead <strong>and</strong><br />

backing vocals; <strong>and</strong> Vince Gill on rhythm <strong>and</strong><br />

lead guitars, backing <strong>and</strong> lead vocals.<br />

G<br />

Above: Jack Tempchin with Dean<br />

Smith (on bass) at Cardiff-by-the-<br />

Sea’s 100th birthday celebration at<br />

Glen Park. July 2, 2011.<br />



Below: House on Neptune Drive in<br />

Leucadia where the Eagle’s lived <strong>and</strong><br />

wrote songs in the early 1970s<br />


S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 9 7


Though not a founding member of the<br />

Eagles, guitarist Joe Walsh has long since proven<br />

himself an integral piece of the b<strong>and</strong>’s legacy.<br />

Aside from touring with the Eagles, Walsh has,<br />

in recent years, continued to release albums as a<br />

solo artist, including 2012’s Analog Man. He was<br />

inducted, as part of the Eagles, into the Rock &<br />

Roll Hall of Fame in 1998.<br />

Walsh lived with his fourth wife, Denise<br />

Driscoll, <strong>and</strong> their two sons in <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

between 1995 <strong>and</strong> 2001. In an interview with<br />

the San Diego Union-Tribune, Walsh praised the<br />

gift of anonymity that came with living in a<br />

town as serene as <strong>Encinitas</strong>. He returns the favor<br />

by giving back to the <strong>Encinitas</strong> community. In<br />

2007, he played a show at the Belly Up Tavern<br />

to benefit the Grauer School, a local preparatory<br />

school. And, according to Walsh in a 2012<br />

interview for the San Diego Reader, the rocker,<br />

who became a Buddhist later in life, once<br />

sheltered exiled Tibetan monks from the Gaden<br />

Shartse monastery at his <strong>Encinitas</strong> home.<br />

The home in question is the polar opposite of<br />

the asceticism favored by monks: a 5,635 square<br />

foot horse ranch in the Olivenhain neighborhood<br />

that now belongs to his ex-wife Denise Driscoll<br />

(Joe <strong>and</strong> his wife Margorie Bach currently reside in<br />

Los Angeles). But despite this extravagance, Walsh<br />

often preferred to experience life in the slow lane<br />

during his time in <strong>Encinitas</strong>. In an interview with<br />

the San Diego Union-Tribune, Walsh mentioned that<br />

he took Amtrak from <strong>Encinitas</strong> to Los Angeles for<br />

recording sessions with the Eagles. Walsh may be<br />

known for his over-the-top performance style, but<br />

he prizes the “peaceful, easy” moments found in a<br />

place like <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

G<br />

Joe Walsh of The Eagles performs at<br />

a concert of their world tour in<br />

Taipei, Taiwan, 26 February 2011.<br />


1 9 8 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

Eddie Vedder has served as Pearl Jam’s<br />

frontman since 1990. His debut solo release was<br />

the 2007 soundtrack album for the film Into the<br />

Wild for which Vedder won a Golden Globe for<br />

the song “Guaranteed.” In 2012, Vedder’s<br />

sophomore solo album, Ukulele Songs, received a<br />

Grammy nomination for Best Folk Album. Vedder<br />

was inducted into the Rock <strong>and</strong> Roll Hall of Fame<br />

as a member of Pearl Jam on April 7, 2017.<br />

The San Diego Reader tells his history of the<br />

area in the December 6, 2012 issue of the<br />

magazine, “Eddie Vedder was eight when he<br />

moved to San Diego with his family, including<br />

three younger half-brothers, in 1973. While<br />

residing in <strong>Encinitas</strong>, he lived in a two-story<br />

house with a piano that he began practicing<br />

on, <strong>and</strong> his mother gave him a guitar for his<br />

twelfth birthday.<br />

Living on his own at the age of fifteen<br />

<strong>and</strong> working nights at an <strong>Encinitas</strong> drug store,<br />

he attended San Dieguito High School until<br />

his senior year (1982), performing in school<br />

plays like Butterflies Are Free, Outward Bound,<br />

<strong>and</strong> Bye Bye Birdie. After a devastating breakup<br />

with his girlfriend, he quit school <strong>and</strong> moved<br />

to Chicago, where his mother <strong>and</strong> brothers<br />

had relocated.”<br />

The February 22, 2016 issue of The San<br />

Diego Union Tribune goes on to say that in<br />

2016, Eddie returned for a surprise visit <strong>and</strong><br />

performed at the San Dieguito High School<br />

Alumni Variety Show. “Vedder has been a longtime<br />

supporter of the school <strong>and</strong> of his former<br />

SDA drama teacher Clayton E. Liggett, for<br />

whom a theater at the school’s performing arts<br />

center is named. Vedder was instrumental in<br />

making that happen. In 2005, the musician<br />

wrote a letter to <strong>Encinitas</strong> school officials in<br />

which he attributed his personal <strong>and</strong><br />

professional success to the teacher.”<br />


G<br />

Bottom. left: The legendary b<strong>and</strong><br />

known throughout the world as<br />

Pearl Jam.<br />


S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 1 9 9

G<br />





Paramahansa Yogan<strong>and</strong>a, author of the<br />

modern spiritual classic Autobiography of a Yogi<br />

<strong>and</strong> widely regarded as the father of Yoga in the<br />

West, contributed in far-reaching ways to a<br />

greater awareness <strong>and</strong> appreciation in the West<br />

of the spiritual wisdom of the East. Arriving in<br />

America from his native India in 1920 as a<br />

delegate to an International Congress of<br />

Religious Liberals, he established Self-<br />

Realization Fellowship that same year to<br />

disseminate worldwide his teachings on India’s<br />

ancient philosophy of Yoga <strong>and</strong> its timehonored<br />

science of meditation.<br />

Autobiography of a Yogi, Yogan<strong>and</strong>a’s life story,<br />

was published in 1946 <strong>and</strong> exp<strong>and</strong>ed by him in<br />

subsequent editions. Recognized from the<br />

beginning as a l<strong>and</strong>mark work in its field, the<br />

book has been honored as one of the 100 best<br />

spiritual books of the 20 th century, <strong>and</strong> remains<br />

one of the most important, <strong>and</strong> most readable,<br />

works on Yoga <strong>and</strong> Eastern spiritual thought.<br />

The City of <strong>Encinitas</strong> named a park <strong>and</strong> beach<br />

in honor of Yogan<strong>and</strong>a, called Swami’s, as he was<br />

affectionately known. The park adjoins the SRF<br />

Retreat center, where he enjoyed spending time.<br />

He was born on January 5, 1893 in<br />

Gorakhpur, India, <strong>and</strong> passed away on March<br />

7, 1952 in Los Angelos, California.<br />

G<br />



Richard Dreyfuss’ star on the<br />

Hollywood Walk of Fame.<br />

DEPOSITPHOTOS 29285901<br />


Richard Dreyfuss, a mainstay of American<br />

cinema known for his roles in classic films such as<br />

American Graffiti, Jaws, Close Encounters of the Third<br />

Kind, <strong>and</strong> Mr. Holl<strong>and</strong>’s Opus. In 1977, he became<br />

the youngest man to win the Best Actor Oscar for<br />

the role of Elliot Garfield in The Goodbye Girl. Now<br />

in his seventies, Dreyfuss remains active today.<br />

Dreyfuss heads the <strong>Encinitas</strong>-based Dreyfuss<br />

Civics Initiative, a nonprofit which aims to prioritize<br />

civics education in the American public school<br />

system. In support for the program, Dreyfuss makes<br />

occasional public appearances, by which he<br />

proclaims the need for students to learn civic virtue<br />

as a means to better the nation. To bolster his own<br />

underst<strong>and</strong>ing of civics, Dreyfuss even attended<br />

Oxford University as a guest scholar. His ongoing<br />

efforts earned him a Peacemakers Award from the<br />

National Conflict Resolution Center in 2016.<br />

In 2008, he <strong>and</strong> his wife, Svetlana Erokhin,<br />

bought a nearly 5,000 square foot property in the<br />

Olivenhain community in <strong>Encinitas</strong> with the<br />

intent to upgrade the 1970s home with the latest<br />

water <strong>and</strong> energy saving technology. San Diego Gas<br />

& Electric selected the property as a case study for<br />

its Advanced Home program, which offers<br />

incentives to homeowners looking to make their<br />

properties more sustainable. In an interview with<br />

the San Diego Union Tribune, Dreyfuss stated his<br />

motivation for renovating the home stemmed less<br />

from environmental concern <strong>and</strong> more from an<br />

awareness of the United States’ dependence on<br />

foreign oil. Clearly, Dreyfuss st<strong>and</strong>s by his civic<br />

responsibility, to the extent that he has quite<br />

literally brought it home with him.<br />

2 0 0 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

Of Ravi Shankar, George Harrison stated that<br />

he is the “Godfather of World Music,” <strong>and</strong> Cal<br />

Arts cites that he is “Musician to the World.”<br />

Shankar first gained international recognition<br />

when he popularized Indian sitar music through his<br />

work with the Beatles <strong>and</strong> violinist <strong>and</strong> conductor<br />

Yehudi Menuhin, beginning in the mid-1960s.<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> has always been a magical place that<br />

has attracted magical people, so it should be of<br />

no surprise that Shankar first found his way to<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> in the 1930s where he met the Self<br />

Realization Fellowship founder, Parmahansa<br />

Yogan<strong>and</strong>a <strong>and</strong> that he also gave his first U.S.<br />

concert at the SRF <strong>Encinitas</strong> retreat in 1957.<br />

Shankar toured extensively, spending time in<br />

London, Paris, New York, but in 1992 while<br />

visiting friends in <strong>Encinitas</strong>, Ravi <strong>and</strong> his wife<br />

Sukanya fell in love with <strong>and</strong> purchased their<br />

home on Via Del Cerrito.<br />

It was here that they raised their daughter<br />

Anoushka, who attended the San Dieguito<br />

Academy where she was an honor student <strong>and</strong><br />

crowned homecoming queen. Anoushka began<br />

studying music with her father at age seven <strong>and</strong><br />

has since been nominated for seven Grammy<br />

awards in the World Music category.<br />

“It’s one of the most peaceful homes,” says<br />

Sukanya, “with the vibration of him (Ravi) still<br />

surrounding that house. He lived, breathed music<br />

there. He practiced every day. He taught so many<br />

people. He had such beautiful compositions that<br />

were born there in that house.”<br />

“So many famous people came, played <strong>and</strong><br />

practiced,” recounts Sukanya. “George Harrison<br />

came <strong>and</strong> stayed there many times. Sting was there<br />

<strong>and</strong> Herbie Hancock came <strong>and</strong> spent many musical<br />

hours as well as Phillip Glass. The house just<br />

resonated with music <strong>and</strong> there was Anoushka <strong>and</strong><br />

Norah (Jones) of course. We had so many house<br />

concerts with famous Indian musicians <strong>and</strong> dancers<br />

in the drawing-room with sometimes 100 people.”<br />

“He lived <strong>and</strong> breathed music to the very<br />

end,” recalls Sukanya. “He wrote an opera right<br />

in the hospital at Scripps <strong>Encinitas</strong>.”<br />

Ravi dedicated <strong>and</strong> named the opera for his<br />

wife; Sukanya.<br />

Ravi passed on December 11, 2012.<br />

The opera, Sukanya, premiered in London<br />

in 2017.<br />

“He gave me that as a parting gift,” said<br />

Sukanya softly.<br />

G<br />


Top, left: Ravi Shankar <strong>and</strong> his<br />

daughter Anoushka Shankar.<br />

DEPOSITPHOTOS 17517071<br />



Bottom: Ravi at his <strong>Encinitas</strong> home<br />

with local <strong>and</strong> international musicians.<br />


S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 2 0 1


G<br />

Above: Tom Delonge Blink 182<br />

DEPOSITPHOTOS 134322300<br />


Tom DeLonge rose to stardom as the vocalist<br />

<strong>and</strong> guitarist in the pop-punk b<strong>and</strong> Blink-182,<br />

which formed in Poway in 1992. During a<br />

hiatus from the group in 2005, DeLonge cofounded<br />

the b<strong>and</strong> Angels <strong>and</strong> Airwaves, with<br />

whom he still performs. He split with Blink-182<br />

in 2015. In recent years, DeLonge, who has<br />

authored several books about UFOs, has<br />

focused much of his attention on the<br />

development of To the Stars Academy,<br />

established in <strong>Encinitas</strong> in 2017.<br />

Per the Academy’s website, “To the Stars<br />

Academy of Arts <strong>and</strong> Science (TTSA) specializes in<br />

creating, acquiring <strong>and</strong> commercializing sciencefocused<br />

intellectual property within the<br />

technology <strong>and</strong> entertainment verticals.”<br />

DeLonge’s team at TTSA is comprised of<br />

strategists, some of whom are ex-military officials.<br />

In 2020, the group achieved a breakthrough of<br />

sorts when the Pentagon confirmed the<br />

authenticity of U.S. Navy fighter jet footage, shared<br />

on TTSA’s website <strong>and</strong> depicting UAP<br />

(“unidentified aerial phenomena” or UFOs).<br />

TTSA’s Science <strong>and</strong> Technology Division<br />

amasses materials concerning UAP. Information<br />

gleaned from this work is made accessible to the<br />

public via TTSA’s Entertainment Division, which<br />

produces content across media, including, books,<br />

films, <strong>and</strong> television. Among this creative output<br />

is the <strong>History</strong> Channel series “Unidentified:<br />

Inside America’s UFO Investigation,” which<br />

DeLonge executive produces.<br />

In a 2019 interview with the New York<br />

Times, DeLonge spoke on his long abiding<br />

fascination with UFOs: “I started becoming very<br />

fascinated in the idea of what else is there<br />

besides working a 9-to-5 job <strong>and</strong> coming from a<br />

broken family. For some reason I just thought<br />

science fiction was just fascinating. My brother<br />

<strong>and</strong> I were so into the whole ‘Star Wars’ thing,<br />

obviously, in the early ‘80s. It just kind of led to<br />

me thinking a little bit broader.” No doubt<br />

DeLonge will continue this forward-thinking<br />

approach with TTSA’s future endeavors.<br />

2 0 2 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

Tony Hawk could have cemented his legacy<br />

solely by being the first skateboarder to<br />

complete the astonishing 900 trick (two <strong>and</strong><br />

half turns in mid-air). He still gets on his board<br />

outside the competition circuit, but he<br />

acknowledges the aging process <strong>and</strong> its impact<br />

on his beloved sport: in 2021 he posted a video<br />

on social media in which he completed what<br />

he called his “last ever ollie 540” (one <strong>and</strong> half<br />

turns). Beyond the skatepark, the <strong>Encinitas</strong><br />

resident with lifelong ties to San Diego County<br />

has gone on to work tirelessly in business<br />

<strong>and</strong> philanthropy.<br />

Today, the enormously popular Tony Hawk’s<br />

Pro Skater video game series first released by<br />

Activision in 1999 (the same year he pulled off the<br />

legendary 900), has grown into a billion-dollar<br />

franchise. Other lucrative Hawk br<strong>and</strong>s include<br />

Birdhouse Skateboards <strong>and</strong> Hawk Clothing. His<br />

most notable <strong>and</strong> largest philanthropic effort is<br />

the Skatepark Project, formerly known as the<br />

Tony Hawk Foundation, which has allocated<br />

upwards of $10 million to the development of<br />

more than 600 skateparks nationwide, crucially in<br />

underserved communities.<br />

The Coronavirus p<strong>and</strong>emic prompted Hawk<br />

to offer a portion of the proceeds from<br />

autographed photos to Direct Relief, an<br />

organization that outfits frontline healthcare<br />

workers with personal protective equipment. He<br />

has also agreed to participate in Vans’ “Foot the<br />

Bill” program, which directs proceeds from<br />

custom shoe collection sales to certain local<br />

businesses that have struggled to stay afloat<br />

during the p<strong>and</strong>emic. In an interview with<br />

KFMB-TV, Hawk explained why he chose to<br />

support Witt’s Carlsbad Pipelines: “Witt’s was<br />

my very first skate shop sponsor back in 1984,<br />

[19] 85? Witt’s has been a staple of this area for<br />

a long time—always really supportive. I always<br />

try to send people there when they’re in town.<br />

He’s just trying to keep his doors open through<br />

all of this <strong>and</strong> this is the least I could do.” The<br />

shop’s owner, Witt Rowlett, designed Hawk’s<br />

shoe for the initiative, <strong>and</strong> it features an old<br />

photograph of the skateboarder in action at Del<br />

Mar Skate Ranch. Additionally, Hawk has<br />

offered his time for a private performance or<br />

skate lesson as part of the ALL IN Challenge, a<br />

campaign benefitting several charities, including<br />

Meals on Wheels <strong>and</strong> No Kid Hungry. For<br />

Hawk, fame <strong>and</strong> success are means by which to<br />

give back, both at home <strong>and</strong> abroad.<br />

G<br />


Above <strong>and</strong> Below: Playa del Carmen,<br />

Cancun, Riviera Maya, Quintana Roo<br />

Mexico, October 21st, 2017,<br />

Skateboarding In Paradise Woodward<br />

Riviera Maya Gr<strong>and</strong> Opening<br />

DEPOSITPHOTOS 389196348<br />


DEPOSITPHOTOS 389195166<br />


S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 2 0 3


G<br />

Top, left: Rob Machado (back, left),<br />

Christian Glawgow (back, right), <strong>and</strong><br />

Jesse Billiauer (front), taken at the Rob<br />

Machado Surf Classic 2002-2003.<br />

They came together to support Jesse<br />

<strong>and</strong> his re-entry into the surfing world.<br />


Top, right: Rob Machado catching a<br />

wave at local <strong>Encinitas</strong> surf break.<br />



Below: Rob Machado.<br />



Machado attended San Dieguito High School.<br />

He describes himself in interviews, vlogs <strong>and</strong><br />

social media as a free surfer. He was largely active<br />

in the competitive surfing scene from 1993<br />

to 2000.<br />

Machado has won the Hawaii’s Pipeline<br />

Masters (Triple Crown of Surfing), <strong>and</strong> the U.S.<br />

Open of Surfing,[11] the largest surfing event<br />

held on the U.S. mainl<strong>and</strong>.<br />

Machado hosts <strong>and</strong> participates in an annual<br />

event held at his home reef called the Rob<br />

Machado Surf Classic <strong>and</strong> Beach Fair, which is<br />

an amateur competition for the locals of all ages,<br />

<strong>and</strong> it includes demo sessions with Machado<br />

<strong>and</strong> other pros.<br />

Machado portrayed “himself” in the 2007<br />

animated picture, Surf’s Up. Machado also<br />

starred in his own feature film released in the late<br />

90s titled “Drifting”. Additionally, Rob wrote <strong>and</strong><br />

starred in the 2009 film, The Drifter.<br />

Machado is a 2011 inductee into the Surfing<br />

Walk of Fame in Huntington Beach, California<br />

in the surf champion category.<br />

Machado formed the Rob Machado<br />

Foundation, an organization focused on<br />

environmental causes. The Rob Machado<br />

Foundation was founded upon the fundamental<br />

belief that our planet needs to be taken care of,<br />

<strong>and</strong> there’s no better place to start than with our<br />

local communities <strong>and</strong> our children. What<br />

started out in the early days as the introduction<br />

of gardening programs at local schools—<br />

encouraging children to connect with the l<strong>and</strong><br />

they live on <strong>and</strong> the food they eat—has evolved<br />

into a water filling station program across a<br />

growing network of schools <strong>and</strong> public places<br />

that helps deliver clean, filtered water while<br />

encouraging reusables over single-use plastic<br />

water bottles. While this is the core focus of our<br />

foundation, we supplement our efforts to keep<br />

plastic <strong>and</strong> other trash out of our waterways<br />

with trash <strong>and</strong> recycling solutions at beaches,<br />

schools, surf events <strong>and</strong> local beach clean ups.<br />

We believe our youth are the stewards of our<br />

planet. We believe communities can come<br />

together to impact change. And we believe the<br />

future starts here.<br />

2 0 4 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e


BRO-AM<br />


G<br />



In 2005, after traveling the world, Grammy<br />

Award-winning rock b<strong>and</strong> Switchfoot dreamed<br />

up an idea to give back to their hometown,<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong>, California, that supported them as<br />

young surfers <strong>and</strong> musicians.<br />

Founding b<strong>and</strong> members Jon Foreman<br />

(vocals, guitar) <strong>and</strong> Tim Foreman (bass)grew up<br />

surfing at D Street <strong>and</strong> attending San Dieguito<br />

Academy. Together with drummer Chad Butler<br />

they cut their musical teeth playing shows at<br />

local venues like La Paloma Theater <strong>and</strong> The<br />

Belly Up. Inspired by the support they had<br />

received, Switchfoot created BRO-AM to invest<br />

in local kids who need a h<strong>and</strong> up. Seventeen<br />

years later, their idea has grown into two iconic<br />

annual San Diego summer events—the BRO-AM<br />

Benefit Party <strong>and</strong> the BRO-AM Beach Fest—<br />

with more than 17,000 attendees from all over<br />

the world.<br />

The Switchfoot BRO-AM Foundation is<br />

dedicated to giving back to the San Diego<br />

community by heightening the profile of <strong>and</strong><br />

providing grants to nonprofit organizations that<br />

provide services to homeless, at-risk, <strong>and</strong><br />

disadvantaged youth, with a special focus on<br />

programs related to music, art <strong>and</strong> surfing. The<br />

annual events have already raised almost 2.5<br />

million dollars impacting local kids in need. Get<br />

involved at www.broam.org <strong>and</strong> learn more<br />

about the b<strong>and</strong> atwww.switchfoot.com.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 2 0 5


Tate S<strong>and</strong>erson aka. Johnny Rock, “if you knew<br />

him growing up, you never saw him without a<br />

guitar or with a haircut.” Graduation day from<br />

Sunset High school he rolled out of town<br />

Hollywood bound. A dream, a guitar <strong>and</strong> a lot of<br />

ambition tossed him onto the highway of life,<br />

touring the USA, Mexico <strong>and</strong> over in Japan. MTVthere<br />

was Tate on Head-bangers Ball in rock group<br />

“Dirty Looks” on Sony/Rockworld Records. The<br />

video “One Bad Leg” was filmed in <strong>Encinitas</strong> <strong>and</strong><br />

Del Mar. Watch this video <strong>and</strong> more Tate projects<br />

at www.youtube.com/c/jarprstudios<br />

Tate has played, performed <strong>and</strong> recorded with<br />

musicians from b<strong>and</strong>s including Iron Butterfly,<br />

Tesla, Fishbone, Green Jello, Black Flag, The<br />

Motels, Beebs Money <strong>and</strong> many more. He got his<br />

first free guitar from Dean Guitars in 1994, still in<br />

love with this endorsement <strong>and</strong> now have many<br />

including: <strong>Encinitas</strong> Surfboards, Sabine, Carvin,<br />

Orange Amps, Jim Dunlop, Anvil of Hope,<br />

Alesmith Brewing Co. <strong>and</strong> Trust Me Vodka.<br />

Best seller now “Hotdog On A Stick Song”<br />

Johnny Rock B<strong>and</strong>. Tate is currently cast on<br />

GREENJELLOVISION every Saturday in<br />

Hollywood <strong>and</strong> performing nationally with<br />

Johnny Rock B<strong>and</strong> with tons of music <strong>and</strong> videos<br />

out online, a book out “Johnny Rock Tales From<br />

The Road” available on Amazon, <strong>and</strong> side projects<br />

G2 Cowboys, Tate Kid Easy, Magic Dogs, Green<br />

Jello, <strong>and</strong> he teaches music to students with<br />

special needs at his music school/studio Music<br />

Music at 230 W. F Street in <strong>Encinitas</strong>.<br />

2 0 6 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e

In January 2021, Cloris Leachman, 94, died of<br />

natural causes at her home in <strong>Encinitas</strong>. She left<br />

behind an astounding legacy as a prolific<br />

performer, highly accomplished in both comedic<br />

<strong>and</strong> dramatic roles. Leachman’s decades-long<br />

career spanned theater, film, <strong>and</strong> television.<br />

Early in her career, Leachman was a finalist in<br />

the 1946 Miss America Pageant before acting in<br />

several Broadway productions, such as As You Like<br />

It, alongside Katharine Hepburn, <strong>and</strong> South<br />

Pacific. She soon transitioned to film <strong>and</strong> television<br />

work, starring in a number of classic shows,<br />

including The Twilight Zone <strong>and</strong> Gunsmoke. She<br />

starred in the 1955 film noir Kiss Me Deadly <strong>and</strong><br />

would win a Best Supporting Actress Oscar in<br />

1971 for her role in The Last Picture Show. Other<br />

memorable film credits include Daisy Miller, Butch<br />

Cassidy <strong>and</strong> the Sundance Kid; <strong>and</strong> the Mel<br />

Brooks comedies Young Frankenstein, High<br />

Anxiety, <strong>and</strong> <strong>History</strong> of the World: Part 1.<br />

She l<strong>and</strong>ed dozens of TV credits, one of the<br />

best known being the role of Phyllis Lindstrom<br />

on The Mary Tyler Moore Show from 1970 to<br />

1975 <strong>and</strong> then on the spin-off Phyllis from 1975<br />

to 1977. During her TV career, she netted 22<br />

Primetime Emmy nominations, the most of any<br />

actress, <strong>and</strong> with eight wins tied with Julia Louis-<br />

Dreyfuss for the most Primetime Emmy wins<br />

by any performer. Her later film <strong>and</strong> TV<br />

work often cast her as<br />

gr<strong>and</strong>mother characters,<br />

including Gr<strong>and</strong>ma Ida in<br />

Malcolm in the Middle <strong>and</strong><br />

Maw Maw in Raising Hope.<br />

In addition to her acting<br />

career, Cloris Leachman was<br />

a longtime backer of animal<br />

rights issues, <strong>and</strong> received<br />

a Lifetime Achievement<br />

Award from PETA in 2017.<br />

Leachman was married to<br />

producer George Englund<br />

for 26 years until their<br />

divorce in 1979. They had<br />

five children: a daughter<br />

named Dinah, <strong>and</strong> four sons,<br />

Adam, George, Morgan,<br />

<strong>and</strong> Bryan.<br />

CLORIS<br />


Louis. Martin lived in <strong>Encinitas</strong> since the 1970s.<br />

He was nominated, with his colleague Ralph<br />

Blane, for two Academy Awards for Best Song<br />

(for “The Trolley Song” <strong>and</strong> “Pass That Peace<br />

Pipe”). Martin was also nominated for four Tony<br />

Awards. He recounted his storied career in a<br />

memoir entitled Hugh Martin: The Boy Next<br />

Door. Though he was devoted to his work,<br />

Martin maintained close ties with his family.<br />

G<br />


Above: Cloris Leachman.<br />

DEPOSITPHOTOS 17428663<br />


Left: An original sheet music<br />

autographed by Hugh Martin.<br />


In 2011, Hugh Martin died of natural causes<br />

at his <strong>Encinitas</strong> home, aged 96. Following his<br />

service in the U.S. Army during World War II,<br />

Martin had a long career in show business as a<br />

composer, playwright, musician, performer, <strong>and</strong><br />

instructor. His best known pieces, “Have<br />

Yourself a Merry Little Christmas” <strong>and</strong> “Trolley<br />

Song,” featured in the 1944 film Meet Me in St.<br />

Bottom, right: Ida Lou Coley poses<br />

with Hugh Martin. Ms. Coley was<br />

instrumental in preserving<br />

Cottonwood Creek as a historical<br />

l<strong>and</strong>mark in 1991. Mr. Martin, who<br />

lived his last years in <strong>Encinitas</strong>, was<br />

best known for writing “Have Yourself<br />

a Merry Little Christmas” <strong>and</strong> many<br />

more Broadway musicals.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 2 0 7

INDEX<br />

– # –<br />

101 Artist Colony ......................................................134<br />

– A –<br />

Artist Danny Salzh<strong>and</strong>ler ..........................................160<br />

Artist Kevin Anderson ................................................158<br />

– B –<br />

Bumann Ranch ..........................................................176<br />

– C –<br />

C<strong>and</strong>ice Gerlach, CPA ................................................150<br />

Cardiff 101 Main Street Association ............................142<br />

Cardiff Kook ..............................................................135<br />

Cardiff-by-the-Sea Branch Library ..............................126<br />

Cloris Leachman ........................................................207<br />

COMPASS/Steele Realty Group ..................................192<br />

– D –<br />

Danny Salzh<strong>and</strong>ler ....................................................160<br />

Dr. Kent Pollock, Chiropractor ....................................131<br />

– E –<br />

Eddie Vedder ............................................................199<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> 101 Mainstreet Association ..........................140<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Café ..........................................................151<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Chamber of Commerce ................................138<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society ........................................116<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Preservation Society ....................................143<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Rotary Club ................................................118<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Surfboards ..................................................156<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Union Elementary School District ................112<br />

– F –<br />

Fred Caldwell Antiques ..............................................156<br />

Friends of Cardiff-by-the-Sea Library..........................127<br />

– G –<br />

Gaspar Doctors of Physical Therapy............................134<br />

– H –<br />

Hansen’s Surfboards ..................................................155<br />

Herman Cook VW ......................................................162<br />

HPN/LedgeMedia ......................................................161<br />

Hugh Martin..............................................................207<br />

– J –<br />

Joe Walsh <strong>and</strong> VetsAid ................................................198<br />

Johnny Rock ..............................................................206<br />

– K –<br />

Kyle Thomas Photography ..........................................159<br />

– L –<br />

Leucadia 101 Main St. Association (L101) ..................141<br />

– N –<br />

Neal Glasgow Photography ........................................157<br />

North Coast Family Medical Group ............................122<br />

– O –<br />

Olivenhain Municipal Water District ..........................190<br />

Olivenhain Town Council ............................................115<br />

– P –<br />

Paramahansa Yogan<strong>and</strong>a ............................................200<br />

PsyTek Lab ................................................................148<br />

– R –<br />

Rancho Auto Body ......................................................153<br />

Ravi Shankar ............................................................201<br />

Richard Dreyfuss........................................................200<br />

Rob Machado ............................................................204<br />

– S –<br />

San Diego Botanic Gardens ........................................120<br />

San Dieguito Art Guild ..............................................132<br />

San Dieguito Engineering............................................188<br />

San Dieguito Heritage Ranch Museum ........................128<br />

Seaside Market ..........................................................146<br />

Self Realization Fellowship ........................................124<br />

Soulscape Gifts & Bookstore ......................................154<br />

Sunshine Gardens, Inc. ..............................................152<br />

Surfing Madonna Organization ..................................133<br />

Switch Foot <strong>and</strong> the BRO-AM ....................................205<br />

– T –<br />

The Cardiff Mercantile/The Guild................................144<br />

The Charley Marvin Family ......................................174<br />

The Corner Frame Shop Tribute to Morgan Mallory ....163<br />

The Danforth Building ................................................182<br />

The Eagles & Jack Tempchin, Songwriter ....................196<br />

The Ecke Family ........................................................166<br />

The Heritage Tree ......................................................130<br />

The Legacy of The McNeil House ................................181<br />

The Roy Family ........................................................183<br />

The Sougias Family Charlie’s Foreign Car Service ........170<br />

Tom DeLonge ............................................................202<br />

Tony Hawk ................................................................203<br />

Tribute to Dr. Takeo Sugimoto ....................................184<br />

Tribute to Edgar Engert ..............................................180<br />

Tribute to Maggie Houlihan ........................................178<br />

– W –<br />

Weidners Garden/ The Evelyn Weidner Family ............185<br />

2 0 8 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e


Carolyn Roy Cope is a second generation local, born in <strong>Encinitas</strong> in 1950. Her mother, Thelma<br />

M. Boggs, was originally from Burlington, Colorado <strong>and</strong> her father, Gerard E. Roy, immigrated from<br />

Quebec, Canada. Both arrived in <strong>Encinitas</strong> about the same time c.1938.<br />

Carolyn attended all local schools, focusing on journalism, sports <strong>and</strong> acting. She worked at her<br />

family’s grocery store, Roy’s Market, every day after school. She wrote for her schools’ newspapers in<br />

middle school, high school, <strong>and</strong> college. She had a column in the local Coast News for many years<br />

called “Cope’s Corner”. Carolyn has served on the boards of many local organizations in <strong>Encinitas</strong>:<br />

Sister City, Cardiff-by-the-Sea Chamber, San Dieguito Heritage Museum, Arts Commission, Coastal<br />

Community Foundation, E-101 Mainstreet, <strong>Encinitas</strong> Arts Culture <strong>and</strong> Ecology Alliance <strong>and</strong><br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> Preservation Association. She is currently the President of the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society.<br />

She is still an active member of the Rotary Club of <strong>Encinitas</strong>, serving over 20 years. Carolyn is also<br />

the well-known voice announcing at the annual Holiday Parade. “I like facts, dates <strong>and</strong> places. That<br />

is why I presented the historical section of this book chronologically.”<br />

Born in Whittier, California in 1953, Jim Filanc moved with his family to <strong>Encinitas</strong> in 1965. A lifelong<br />

lover of the outdoors, Jim participated in the Boy Scouts where he earned the rank of Eagle Scout. A 1972<br />

graduate from San Dieguito High School, Jim went on to earn a BS of Finance from San Diego State University<br />

in 1976. He has had a varied career working construction. As an avid off-road enthusiast, he raced in the<br />

Baja 1000 twice, finishing the second time with his co-captains Malcolm Smith <strong>and</strong> JN Roberts. He produced a<br />

2008 feature length motion picture called “Full Circle—The Legend Lives On,” starring himself along with<br />

Smith <strong>and</strong> Roberts. The movie reunites Smith <strong>and</strong> Roberts 40 years after their inaugural motorcycle victory<br />

in the first Baja 1000 in 1967. He has raised over $100,000 for various charities. Jim is also a<br />

musician/songwriter/recording artist, having provided guitar tracks on several released albums. Currently, Jim is<br />

President/CEO of his firm, Intelligent Cities Associates, LLC, helping clients plan their “Smart City” future.<br />

Finally, for more than 20 years Jim has teamed with <strong>Encinitas</strong> local, Luis Ortiz, to light up the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Heritage<br />

Tree at Moonlight Beach, emceeing recent tree lighting ceremonies presenting local choirs <strong>and</strong> singing groups to<br />

celebrate the holiday season.<br />

Garth Murphy is a poet, songwriter, journalist <strong>and</strong> author. His historical novel, The Indian Lover, set in the 1840s<br />

of San Diego, explored the cultural clashes of Native American people, the Spanish Colonists Californios <strong>and</strong> the tidal<br />

wave of new American immigrants. The book explores the encompassing height of the Mexican Rancho era, the<br />

Mexican-American war of 1846, the international Gold Rush of 1848-49 <strong>and</strong> the US statehood of California in 1850.<br />

Researching with archaeologist James Moriarity made this effort to describe pre-Columbian <strong>Encinitas</strong> possible.<br />

Mr. Murphy’s own role in <strong>Encinitas</strong> history includes pioneering local surf culture, surf research, developing<br />

surfboard wax <strong>and</strong> the flexible lifeguard rescue buoy. He continues restoration of the 1887 Derby House, built by Miles<br />

Kellogg for Amos Derby an early railroad man. He is also instrumental in working with the State of California on the<br />

Marine Life Protection Act Initiative. During that time he help design <strong>and</strong> install a network of marine reserves between<br />

Point Conception <strong>and</strong> the Mexican border. This includes Swamis State Marine Protected Area that runs from Seaside<br />

bluff to Moonlight Beach plus San Elijo Lagoon <strong>and</strong> encompasses three miles off shore. He was also a founding member<br />

of The <strong>Encinitas</strong> Arts Culture <strong>and</strong> Ecology Alliance <strong>and</strong> the Pacific View Academy of Arts project in alliance with the<br />

City of <strong>Encinitas</strong>. Mr. Murphy is a long st<strong>and</strong>ing member of the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Historical Society.<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 2 0 9


K E V I N<br />

A N D E R S O N<br />

Kevin Anderson is fascinated with imagery, art, <strong>and</strong> color. Since his childhood,<br />

this fascination has developed into an obsession that went from coloring books<br />

<strong>and</strong> comics, to more refined attempts at art in High School. He studied further<br />

into college, <strong>and</strong> after earning a degree in Fine Art, he began his career as a<br />

professional artist. He paints large murals on buildings, as well as commissions on<br />

canvas, <strong>and</strong> outdoor scenes on location. He is always painting <strong>and</strong> drawing,<br />

dreaming of making a significant contribution to the art world, <strong>and</strong> hopes his<br />

artwork keeps developing towards that end.<br />

P I P E S<br />

R A M P<br />

G<br />

The cover painting is showing the<br />

Cardiff beach known to local surfers<br />

as “Pipes Ramp” looking north<br />

towards Swami’s Point.<br />

2 1 0 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e


D A P H N E<br />

F L E T C H E R<br />

Daphne Fletcher, publisher, writer, editor, founder <strong>and</strong> CEO of Ledge Media,<br />

<strong>and</strong> President of HPN Books, is also an avid travel photographer <strong>and</strong> has<br />

contributed photography to more than a dozen coffee table books she has<br />

published. Daphne made a home for herself in Leucadia after falling in love with<br />

<strong>Encinitas</strong> while working on this book. She has become very active in the<br />

community serving on the boards of directors for both the <strong>Encinitas</strong> Rotary Club<br />

<strong>and</strong> the Mainstreet organization Leucadia 101.<br />

K Y L E T H O M A S P H O T O G R A P H Y<br />

Kyle Thomas is a Multimedia Specialist. He is a fourth-generation San Diegan,<br />

<strong>and</strong> a professional journalist <strong>and</strong> photographer who loves to bring history to the<br />

San Diego County public through writing, photography, <strong>and</strong> videography. He has<br />

been a regular contributor of stories <strong>and</strong> pictures to <strong>Encinitas</strong> Magazine since it’s<br />

inception. Kyle grew up in Clairemont, moved to Del Mar at age fifteen, <strong>and</strong> then<br />

to <strong>Encinitas</strong> shortly thereafter, where he attended San Dieguito High School<br />

graduating with the class of 1975.<br />

N E A L G L A S G O W P H O T O G R A P H Y<br />

Neal Glasgow is a Cardiff/<strong>Encinitas</strong> native who is continuing his exploration in<br />

art through photography. He graduated from San Dieguito High School. Over his<br />

career as both an artist <strong>and</strong> an art educator, he has focused on a variety of creative<br />

pathways, subject matter, <strong>and</strong> techniques. He returned to his alma mater to teach<br />

art <strong>and</strong> science for sixteen years.<br />

G<br />


S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e F 2 1 1

For more information about the following publications or about publishing your own book,<br />

please visit www.ledgemedia.net or www.hpnbooks.com.<br />

Albemarle & Charlottesville:<br />

An Illustrated <strong>History</strong> of the First 150 Years<br />

Bakersfield: It’s the <strong>People</strong>, And a Whole Lot More<br />

Black Gold: The Story of Texas Oil & Gas<br />

Black Gold in California<br />

Carter County, Oklahoma: Then <strong>and</strong> Now<br />

Cheyenne: A Sesquicentennial <strong>History</strong><br />

Coastal Visions: Images of Galveston County<br />

Davis County: On the Move<br />

Escondido: A Pictoral <strong>History</strong> of the Hidden Valley<br />

Fort Myers - City of Palms: A Contemporary Portrait<br />

Garl<strong>and</strong>: A Contemporary <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Abilene: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Alamance County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Albany: City & County<br />

Historic Albuquerque: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Alex<strong>and</strong>ria: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Amarillo: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Anchorage: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Austin: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Baldwin County: A Bicentennial <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Baton Rouge: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Beaufort County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Beaumont: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Bexar County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Birmingham: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Brazoria County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Brownsville: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Charlotte:<br />

An Illustrated <strong>History</strong> of Charlotte <strong>and</strong> Mecklenburg County<br />

Historic Chautauqua County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Cheyenne: A <strong>History</strong> of the Magic City<br />

Historic Clayton County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Comal County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Corpus Christi: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic DeKalb County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Denton County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Edmond: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic El Paso: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Erie County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Fayette County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Fairbanks: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Gainesville & Hall County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Gregg County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Hampton Roads: Where America Began<br />

Historic Hancock County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Henry County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Hood County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Houston: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Hunt County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Illinois: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Kern County:<br />

An Illustrated <strong>History</strong> of Bakersfield <strong>and</strong> Kern County<br />

Historic Lafayette: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong> of Lafayette & Lafayette Parish<br />

Historic Laredo: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong> of Laredo & Webb County<br />

Historic Lee County: The Story of Fort Myers & Lee County<br />

Historic Louisiana: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Mansfield: A Bicentennial <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Midl<strong>and</strong>: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Mobile: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong> of the Mobile Bay Region<br />

Historic Montgomery County:<br />

An Illustrated <strong>History</strong> of Montgomery County, Texas<br />

Historic Ocala: The Story of Ocala & Marion County<br />

Historic Oklahoma: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Oklahoma County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Omaha: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong> of Omaha <strong>and</strong> Douglas County<br />

Historic Orange County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Osceola County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Ouachita Parish: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Paris <strong>and</strong> Lamar County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Pasadena: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Passaic County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Pennsylvania An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Philadelphia: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Prescott: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong> of Prescott & Yavapai County<br />

Historic Richardson: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Rio Gr<strong>and</strong>e Valley: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Rogers County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic San Marcos: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Santa Barbara: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Santa Maria Valley<br />

Historic Scottsdale: A Life from the L<strong>and</strong><br />

Historic Shelby County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Shreveport-Bossier:<br />

An Illustrated <strong>History</strong> of Shreveport & Bossier City<br />

Historic South Carolina: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Smith County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Temple: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Texarkana: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Texas: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Victoria: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Tulsa: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Wake County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Warren County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Williamson County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic Wilmington & The Lower Cape Fear: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Historic York County: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong><br />

Iron, Wood & Water: An Illustrated <strong>History</strong> of Lake Oswego<br />

Jefferson Parish: Rich Heritage, Promising Future<br />

More Than a River: Decatur-Morgan County<br />

Loudoun County, Virginia: Preserving Tradition, Embracing Innovation<br />

Miami’s Historic Neighborhoods: A <strong>History</strong> of Community<br />

Old Orange County Courthouse: A Centennial <strong>History</strong><br />

Planes, Trains & Heroes<br />

Plano: An Illustrated Chronicle<br />

The New Frontier: A Contemporary <strong>History</strong> of Fort Worth & Tarrant County<br />

Rich With Opportunity: Images of Beaumont <strong>and</strong> Jefferson County<br />

Salt Lake City: Livability in the 21st Century<br />

San Antonio, City Exceptional<br />

The San Gabriel Valley: A 21st Century Portrait<br />

Southwest Louisiana: A Treasure Revealed<br />

The Spirit of Collin County<br />

Terrebonne Parish: Stories of the Good Earth<br />

Tyler: A Natural Beauty<br />

Utah Valley: Heart of Utah<br />

Valley Places, Valley Faces<br />

Water, Rails & Oil: Historic Mid & South Jefferson County<br />

Working Underwater: The <strong>History</strong> of the Commercial Diving Industry<br />

2 1 2 F E N C I N I T A S - O u r H i s t o r y a n d P e o p l e