Panels & Furniture Asia September/October 2021

PabloPublishing

Panels & Furniture Asia (PFA) is a leading regional trade magazine dedicated to the woodbased panel, furniture and flooring processing industry. Published bi-monthly since 2000, PFA delivers authentic journalism to cover the latest news, technology, machinery, projects, products and trade events throughout the sector. With a hardcopy and digital readership comprising manufacturers, designers and specifiers, among others, PFA is the platform of choice for connecting brands across the global woodworking landscape.

www.panelsfurnitureasia.com

SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2021

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Ligna.Innovation Network

September 27–29

C O M I N G S O O N


CONTENTS

CONTENTS

PANELS & FURNITURE ASIA (ISSUE 5)

September / October 2021

08

Editor’s Note

10

News

Market Report

20

US southern sawtimber prices hit 10-year high

24

The world is moving, and we have to move with it

Environmental Report

28

Homed, housed and comfortably safe?

Only if your furniture is responsibly sourced and certified

Product Highlight

32

The future is CEBRO – Dieffenbacher presents holistic smart plant

concept at LIGNA.Innovation Network

34

First pigmented one-component UV-curing

putty for industrial processing

36

High-precision clamping systems for

high-performance machining

In Person

39

The key is “togetherness”: Metro and

Siempelkamp celebrate 20 years of cooperation

44

Panel

Manufacturing

42

Widest CLT panels in Canada:

Element5 partners with Ledinek

for fully integrated production line

46

Saving material, time and money in panel cutting

Furniture Manufacturing

50

Optimise material flow with HOMAG STORETEQ

54

Innovative automated cutting workstation:

Increasing production capacity and quality

Materials

56

Tasmanian Oak transforms 1800s pub and bistro

Structural Elements

59

The Wings of Xi’an Inland Port

Columnists

62

Wood Clinic

66

Towards Sustainability

70

Calendar of Events

71

List of Advertisers

34

4 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


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Find Find your your supplier here! here!

Find Find your your supplier

Quí vị đang tìm nhà cung cấp nguyên Find your here! here!

liệu? supplie

Quí Quí vị vị đang đang Quí tìm tìm vị nhà đang nhà cung cung tìm cấp nhà cấp nguyên cung cl

These companies can supply you with exceptional

hardwoods from Canada

These companies can supply you with exceptional hardwoods from Canada

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exceptio fro

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r supplier here!

à cung cấp nguyên liệu?

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with exceptional hardwoods from Canada

ấp nguồn gỗ cứng chất lượng cao từ Canada

commonwealthplywood.info

forexwoodgroup.com

primewood.com

rlumber.ca rlumber.ca

caspencer.com

rlumber.ca rlumber.ca

rlumber.ca

To know more about East Canadian Hardwood species,

To know more about Eastern Canadian hardwood species,

come visit To know us To at know VIFA, more more about stand about Eastern G630

you are invited to visit our website. To know Eastern Canadian more Canadian about hardwood Eastern hardwood species, Canadian species,

Để tìm hiểu thêm về các chủng loại gỗ cứng từ come vùng come visit bờ visit Đông us at us VIFA, Canada, at VIFA, come stand vui stand visit G630 lòng G630 us đến at VIFA, gặp stand

và trao đổi Để thêm tìm Để hiểu tìm với hiểu chúng thêm thêm về tôi các tại triển lãm VIFA, gian hàng G630

Để về chủng các tìm chủng hiểu loại thêm loại gỗ cứng về gỗ các cứng từ chủng vùng từ vùng bờ loại Đông bờ gỗ Đông cứng Canada, Canada, từ vùng vui lò bờ vu

và trao và trao đổi thêm đổi thêm với chúng với và chúng trao tôi đổi tại tôi thêm triển tại triển với lãm chúng lãm VIFA, VIFA, tôi gian tại gian hàng triển hàng G630 lãm GV

astern Canadian quebecwoodexport.com/en/products/hardwood-lumber/

species, www.quebecwoodexport.com

us at VIFA, stand G630

www.quebecwoodexport.com

www.quebecwoodexport

ỗ cứng từ vùng @QuebecWoodExport bờ Đông Canada, vui lòng @QuebecWoodExport đến gặp

Quebec Wood Export Bureau

tôi tại triển lãm VIFA, gian hàng G630

Partner:

Partner: Partner:

Partner:


here!

ấp liệu? nguyên liệu?

m nal from Canada hardwoods Canada from Canada

cao từ ng Canada chất từ Canada lượng cao từ Canada

Woodalize

your project

Distinguish

hardwood species,

G630

ng i Đông lòng đến đến gặp Canada, gặp vui lòng đến gặp

630 IFA, gian hàng G630

Canadian Hardmaple

.com


FROM THE EDITOR

Seeing light at

the end of the tunnel

As of end August, Singapore has fully

vaccinated 80% of its population against

COVID-19. As the world races to protect as

many individuals from the threatening effects

of the virus, we slowly move towards an

endemic COVID-19 and await the lifting of

travel restrictions. Many countries have already

regained a sense of normalcy as quarantines

are no longer imposed and in-person events

are back in full swing. We are no longer

crippled by the fear that shrouded us for a

good portion of 2020, and we are definitely

moving towards getting global trade back on

track. “The world is moving, and we have to

move with it” is the message that Per Friis

Knudsen, Director of Global Timber Asia,

shares with our readers in this issue (p.24); he

highlights the current trends surrounding the

supply and demand of timber, as well as trade

barriers and opportunities.

In our Product Highlight section, we feature

several new technologies, including the first

ever pigmented one-component UV-curing

putty for industrial processing developed

by Teknos (p.34), as well as Dieffenbacher’s

smart plant concept that will make its debut at

LIGNA.Innovation Network in end September

2021 (p.32).

The panel production landscape has

been benefitting greatly from noteworthy

partnerships. Read all about how mass timber

experts Element5 teamed up with Ledinek

for a fully integrated production line that now

produces the widest cross-laminated timber

panels in Canada (p.42), and the secret behind

the 20-year partnership between Metro Ply

Group and Siempelkamp (p.39).

This issue also features two outstanding

projects that utilise timber as a material

of choice. Find out how Tasmanian Oak

transformed Melbourne’s Templestowe Hotel

and provides it with warmth and modernity

(p.56), and how massive glulam made from

Canadian Douglas fir flanks the Xi’an Skytrain

station in China (p.59). More projects like these

are underway across the world, so do keep a

lookout for them in future issues of Panels &

Furniture Asia and Wood in Architecture.

Though the pandemic has shoved us into

this long and dark tunnel, we are definitely

emerging from it stronger with new and

renewed partnerships that will see us on track

to market recovery and success.

Stay safe and positive, and enjoy the issue!

JO-ANN | Editor

PANELS & FURNITURE ASIA

PABLO SINGAPORE

Publisher

William Pang • williampang@pabloasia.com

Senior Editor

Pang Yanrong • yanrong@pabloasia.com

Editor

Jo-Ann Teo • jo-ann@pabloasia.com

Assistant Editor

Yap Shi Quan • shiquan@pabloasia.com

Business Development Manager

Pang YanJun • yanjun@pabloasia.com

Graphic Designer

Goh Meng Yong • mengyong@pabloasia.com

Circulation Manager

Shu Ai Ling • circulation@pabloasia.com

PABLO BEIJING

General Manager

Ellen Gao • pablobeijing@163.com

PABLO SHANGHAI

Editor

Kresly Shen • pabloshanghai@163.net

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8 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


Getting what you need can be complex. We make it feel easy.

Why do so many customers continue do business with us? Because we care. As we’ve seen,

the hardwoods industry can be difficult. When it is we are a rock-solid source

of service and support. We put in the time, make the extra call, do whatever we can

to solve our customers’ problems and meet their needs.

We care, that’s why they do business with us.

northwesthardwoods.com


NEWS

DIEFFENBACHER TO SUPPLY STARWOOD

WITH MDF PLANT THAT INCLUDES

TURKEY’S LARGEST CONTINUOUS

WOOD-BASED PANEL PRESS

Starwood has commissioned

Dieffenbacher to supply a mediumdensity

fibreboard (MDF) line in İnegöl,

Turkey, that will include a 9’ x 63.5 m

CPS+ press – the largest continuous

wood-based panel press in Turkey. Just

two years ago, Starwood signed the

acceptance of its new Dieffenbacher

particleboard line, one month ahead of

the contractually agreed upon date.

“Collaboration is the key,” said

Starwood Chief Executive Officer

Hüseyin Yildiz at the contract

negotiations in İnegöl in July. “That’s

the motto that made our particleboard

project so successful two years ago, and

I trust Dieffenbacher that it will be the

same for our new MDF line.” Following

the engineering phase, installation

is scheduled to start in the second

quarter of 2022. The first board is to be

produced toward the end of the same

year.

“I strongly believe in the power of

teamwork with Dieffenbacher. It

wouldn’t surprise me if we manage to be

a few weeks ahead of schedule again,”

added Yildiz.

In addition to Turkey’s largest

continuous wood-based panel press,

Dieffenbacher will supply the dryer,

sifter and glue preparation technology,

as well as the forming station and

forming line. Downstream of the press,

Dieffenbacher will deliver the press

emission control system, raw board

handling, STS storage system and the

sanding line. Dieffenbacher is also

responsible for the plant electrics and

automation.

“As Starwood is a family-owned

company, we always prefer working

with family-owned companies like

Dieffenbacher, whose owners are

well qualified and keen on their core

business. We enjoy cooperating with

companies and people who listen,

who work hard to understand the

needs of their customers and who

have similar values. There was a lot of

compatibility between our company

and the Dieffenbacher family and

their company’s people. That made us

choose Dieffenbacher again for our new

MDF project,” concluded Yildiz. P

CPS+ continuous

press at Starwood’s

Dieffenbacher

particleboard plant in

İnegöl, Turkey

LIGNA.IN: WOOD INDUSTRY SUMMIT

PROGRAMME RELEASED

Material availability, climate protection

and the Green Deal: the last few months

have clearly shown how important these

issues are. In order to promote dialogue

for a future-oriented bioeconomy

despite the COVID-19 pandemic, the

Wood Industry Summit will be launched

as a digital event for the first time. The

two-day online conference, organised

as part of LIGNA.Innovation Network

(LIGNA.IN), will bring together more

than 30 international experts from the

industry and politics.

The focus of the summit will be

on process technologies of the

bioeconomy. The forestry and wood

sector is an integral part of the circular

bioeconomy, and as such, process

technologies and products in the

woodworking and wood processing

sector are future-oriented. LIGNA.IN will

examine the wood-based bioeconomy

from various perspectives. Visitors

can look forward to new impulses for

the use of wood as raw material, the

promotion of start-up companies,

investment support and the market

launch of new products, as well as new

perspectives on building with wood.

In addition, there will be reports on

the implementation of the first woodbased

biorefinery in Germany. Political

framework conditions for the expansion

of resource-efficient wood use as part

of the European Green Deal, and as the

pillar of a circular bioeconomy, will also

be highlight. Another focus will be on

the digitalisation of forestry and timber

industry process chains and innovations

in sawmill technology. P

10 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


NEWS

US: HARDWOOD LUMBER

EXPORTS TO INDIA UP 228%

IN FIRST HALF OF 2021

Total exports of the US hardwood lumber and veneer to

India for the first half of 2021 reached US$3.685 million,

according to the American Hardwood Export Council (AHEC),

an international trade association for the American hardwood

industry. Statistics compiled from the latest data and released

by the US Department of Agriculture reveal that US hardwood

lumber exports to India reached $2.019 million, while US

hardwood veneer exports were valued at $1.666 million.

A closer look at the numbers reveals that the total hardwood

lumber shipped from the US to India increased by 228% in

value to $2.019 million (up from $615,000) and by 218% in

volume to 3,322m 3 (up from 1,044m 3 ). The top five American

hardwood species exported were hickory ($715,000 and

1,172m 3 ), ash ($437,000 and 642m 3 ), white oak ($335,000 and

589m 3 ), red alder ($252,000 and 455m 3 ) and red oak ($223,000

and 381m 3 ).

“Significant increases were seen in both value and volume

of exports across all species, which proves that 2020 was a

temporary dip in an otherwise upward trend. Despite global

lumber shortages, uncertainty in freight rates and availability

of containers, and generally increasing prices across all

species, exports of both US hardwood lumber and veneer to

India were up year-on-year, while exports of logs continued

their downward spiral, in line with the general shift seen

in recent years by Indian buyers towards importing valueadded

kiln-dried lumber instead of logs,” said Roderick Wiles,

Regional Director of AHEC.

AHEC expects demand for American hardwoods in India to at

least return to record levels seen in 2019 this year. However,

the market environment that has developed through the

pandemic and has pushed prices upwards worldwide is still

with us, according to AHEC. It is a mix of increased global

international demand, record transport costs, combined

with restricted global production due to harvesters and mills

running short of personnel from COVID-19 infections and

implementation of pandemic-safe work practices.

Pointing to the sustained growth of US hardwood exports

to India over the past few years, Wiles said: “American

hardwoods are now widely accepted and understood across

India, but there is still a lot more to be done to help the

market discover the untapped potential of US hardwoods.

Given the tremendous potential present in India and despite

the major challenges facing the wider use of American

hardwoods, we firmly believe that the timing is right for

American hardwoods in India, and that genuine opportunities

for business now exist.” P


NEWS

SIEMPELKAMP: OSB PLANT

ACCEPTPED FOR ZAO MUROM’S

GREENFIELD PROJECT

First recorded in 26 Nov 2020 before

starting three-shift operations in March

2021, the benchmark oriented strand

board (OSB) plant of the Russian

wood-based material manufacturer

ZAO Murom has now reached its new

milestone: the plant was accepted in

July, a success in view of challenging

circumstances.

The new OSB line was built as a

greenfield project at the site of ZAO

Murom in the Vladimir region of Russia.

The core piece is a ContiRoll Generation

9 in the 8.5’ x 30.4 m format. The

complete plant involved the combined

competence of front-end specialists

within the Siempelkamp Group

(Pallman and CMC) who contributed

the raw material preparation, as well

as the screening, gluing and forming

technology. The energy plant and

drum dryer were supplied by Büttner,

and Sicoplan was responsible for

the engineering. Also included were

Siempelkamp’s new developments for

OSB production, which have proven

their positive plant performance – the

press heating system, a release agent

application device for pMDI use, and the

“strand catchers”.

In the middle of the pandemic, the first

OSB was produced on a complete plant

made by Siempelkamp at the end of

November 2020. The way was thus paved

for further start-up despite extreme

winter conditions, like permanent

temperatures of below -30°C and heavy

snowfalls. With an annual capacity of

more than 280,000m 3 , the OSB line

enables ZAO Murom to use diverse raw

material assortments, including waste

from plywood production, another focus

of the plant investor.

The plant’s machinery and components

enable the production of a high-quality

wood-based product which can be sold

worldwide and offers clear competitive

advantage. It has met with great

approval from customers. Now, the

plant also produces very thin OSB with

a board thickness of 6.0 mm – a unique

selling point for ZAO Murom in Russia.

“We are pleased with the completed

acceptance process, which provides ZAO

Murom another strong foundation for

wood processing, and it will influence

new investments in the wood-based

materials sector in the future,” said

Konstantin Putintsev, General Director

of OOO Siempelkamp (Russia). P

ContiRoll press at

ZAO Murom

C

M

Y

CM

MY

CY

CMY

RAUTE: 16 MILLION EUROS WORTH

OF ORDERS RECEIVED FROM

SEGEZHA GROUP IN RUSSIA

Raute Corporation has received

orders worth approximately 16 million

euros from Segezha Group in Russia.

The scope of orders includes new

production lines and modernisations

of existing lines to increase the

veneer production capacity, and

also production lines to further

process plywood. The machinery

and equipment will be delivered to

the expansion of subsidiary Vyatskiy

Fanernyi Kombinat’s birch plywood

mills in the Kirov region. The ordered

machinery and equipment will be

delivered in 2022 and production on

the new lines will start mostly during

the last part of 2022. The equipment

will be engineered and produced

mostly in Raute’s production unit

in Lahti; measuring devices and

analysers, however, in the Kajaani unit;

and also in the company’s partnership

network.

Segezha Group is a Russian vertically

integrated holding company in the

forest industry performing a full

cycle of operations from logging to

advanced wood processing. The group

has facilities in 11 countries, including

Russia, and exports its products to

more than 100 markets worldwide.

Raute has previously, in 2006 and

2017, delivered two production

processes for the manufacturing of

birch plywood to Vyatskiy Fanernyi

Kombinat. Segezha Group also has

a large birch plywood mill under

installation and commissioning

phase in Galich, Kostroma – of which

the production process was also

delivered by Raute

Raute has substantially improved

service ability in the Russian market,

for instance by establishing the

Service Center in Kirov in 2019.

The present new order has no impact

on Raute’s outlook for 2021. Raute’s

net sales are expected to grow in

2021 and operating profit to improve

from 2020. Raute will comment its

outlook for 2021 next time in its halfyear

financial report to be published

on 23 July 2021. P

K

12 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


NEWS

HOMAG ASIA MOVES INTO NEW SINGAPORE OFFICE;

GEARS UP TO STRENGTHEN PRESENCE IN THE REGION

Lorenzo Marcaccioli, Sales Director, HOMAG Asia

As of June 2021, HOMAG Asia has moved its

operations to its new office at the Nordcom

ll building at 2 Gambas Crescent. Formerly

located at Sungei Kadut Loop in northwest

Singapore, HOMAG Asia now operates out of

a more modern office building and shares a

space with Agramkow Asia Pacific Pte Ltd,

their sister company under the Durr Group.

The 6,700sqft office houses a total of 27

HOMAG employees and seven Agramkow

employees.

A key figure at HOMAG Asia is Lorenzo

Marcaccioli, who joined the team as Sales

Director in February 2021 after over 16 years

of sales and product management experience

in the woodworking machines industry.

Marcaccioli gears up to strengthen HOMAG’s

presence in South East Asia’s market.

Besides increasing knowledge transfer among

its employees, the company constantly engages

existing and potential customers, albeit

remotely. From 10 May-10 Jun 2021, flagship

digital event Live.HOMAG presented over

200 live online events ranging from product

demonstrations, Q&A sessions, to even 3D

showroom tours. They have been advancing

their infrastructures with new technologies to

keep in touch with their customers. They can

now quickly arrange live demonstrations in all

of their showrooms around the world showing

details of the machines with high resolution

cameras that give superb audio and video

quality in their remote presentations.

HOMAG’s globalisation strategy – even from

pre-pandemic times – has helped transcend

language barriers and border restrictions.

“HOMAG, even before COVID-19, has invested

a lot in the direct presence of our company in

South East Asia, and we have branch offices

in almost every South East Asian country,”

said Marcaccioli. “Each branch office has

qualified sales and after-sales teams, as we

believe that it is important to be closer to our

customers and listen directly to their needs

speaking the same language. This strategy

has proven helpful during the pandemic,

as local qualified technicians are able to

immediately assist with on-site machine

installation and troubleshooting.”

Additionally, HOMAG aims to not just provide

machinery but a suite of full solutions –

from factory analysis to factory design and

software.

In terms of software, Marcaccioli was pleased

to introduce Intelligent Virtual Platform

(iVP) – a new 3D software developed by

HOMAG to simulate factory revamps and

allow customers to visualise their “dream

factory” without having to travel to a physical

one. Using virtual reality, a mock-up of

the floorplan and complete machine lines

can be generated according to customer

requirements, desired productivity and

output.

The HOMAG team recognised that amid the

opportunities, several industry challenges

In light of the global fight against the

COVID-19 pandemic, Marcaccioli has

identified several key opportunities that

could drive success in the months to come.

“Especially in countries where business has

come to a standstill with lockdowns and

factory closures, it is important to take the

opportunity to increase our knowledge,”

shared Marcaccioli. “We invest this time by

continuously organising training sessions

to increase the knowledge of both sales and

service team members. While it is currently

not possible to visit customers and share

our knowledge in-person, we aim to emerge

even stronger when we are able to get back in

touch with customers at their factories.”

14 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


NEWS

are taking the spotlight. Firstly, especially due

to the pandemic, many customers are currently

unable to work in full capacity. Their focus has

then shifted from mass production to increasing

efficiency and flexibility, and reducing direct

and indirect costs. Another important point

is the shift towards Industry 4.0 – not just the

implementation of automation in machinery,

but also utilising software and the Internet of

Things to analyse and use data to automatically

improve efficiency of machines and workflows.

As part of the Dürr Group, HOMAG upholds

“sustainability” as one of the guiding

principles for the company strategy. HOMAG

specifically develops low-consumption and

low-emission products and constantly updates

processes to reduce the ecological footprint of

factories. The EcoPlus function is a standard

feature of its machines, as they do not make

any compromises between the cost and

environmental benefit.

As part of its “sustainability” duties, HOMAG

is expanding into business areas that help

their customers manufacture sustainable

products. This includes production technology

for wooden house and timber construction

elements. HOMAG Group has recently acquired

a few companies already in this industry, such

System TM and Kallesoe as complementary

products to Weinmann’s range to form the new

Solid Wood Processing business unit.

Hence, leveraging over 60 years of experience

in the woodworking industry, and 40 years

of setting foot deep into the Asia market,

HOMAG continually invests in new product

development especially within the region to

get closer to their Asian customers. There is

much to look forward to in the coming months,

concluded Marcaccioli, hinting that several

products that are under development and will

be launching specially for the Asian market.

“Many people think that European

companies have factories in Asia – especially

China and India – just to produce cheap

solutions or low-cost solutions of European

products. This is completely wrong for us at

HOMAG,” clarified Marcaccioli. “Our factories

in Asia do not just produce existing products

from Germany; we really develop new

products and software for the Asia market by

marrying German design with the efficiency of

Asian manufacturing.” P


NEWS

AFIC AND PEFC CREATE ROADMAP FOR

SUSTAINABLE FURNITURE SUPPLY CHAIN

The Programme for the Endorsement of

Forest Certification (PEFC) is embarking on a

four-year journey with the ASEAN Furniture

Industry Council (AFIC) to improve sustainability

outcomes throughout the furniture supply chain

in the ASEAN region.

As consumers worldwide demand sustainable

products across a variety of fields, every industry

must adapt to satisfy their requests. Furniture

customers are no different, and sustainable

furniture is a highly sought-after product.

Furniture supply chain sustainability and

responsible procurement are critical to make

sure that we all benefit from the many products

that forests provide now, while ensuring these

forests will be around for generations to come.

THE SUSTAINABILITY ROADMAP

AFIC and PEFC are therefore starting on a

strategic four-year sustainability roadmap to

promote furniture supply chain sustainability

and responsible procurement.

The partnership has flexibility built in so that

it can adapt and change over time, but the

key goal will remain the same: to increase

the demand for certified sustainable wood.

This will help improve sustainable forest

management outcomes and protect the

natural resources upon which we all depend,

including biodiversity, watersheds and the

climate.

“We welcome the opportunity to work with

PEFC on a four-year project, helping our

member associations and companies better

understand the benefits of working with

certified wood sources,” said Nicolaas K. de

Lange, AFIC secretary general.

“We are very glad to have PEFC as our

Sustainable Partner in our vision for supply

chain sustainability and responsible

sourcing. We look forward to this

collaboration, exchanging knowledge, best

practices and experiences, and supporting

each other as we work toward our vision of

sustainability for our future and our hope

for our forests to be around for generations

to come,” said Emmanuel Padiernos, AFIC

chairman.

The four-year sustainability roadmap that

AFIC and PEFC have put together includes

the following key goals:

• Raise awareness on the importance of

sustainably sourced forest and treebased

materials which subsequently

boost demand for certified materials.

• Build capacity in the wood-based

supply chain to facilitate members and

companies to reach sustainability goals.

• Support companies who want to

demonstrate legal and sustainable

sourcing with PEFC certification.

• Improve knowledge sharing between

PEFC and AIFC members.

• Build visibility for AFIC and PEFC.

In addition, the roadmap calls for the

creation of an ASEAN Furniture Sustainability

Award to recognise companies that

demonstrate a commitment to sustainable

practices, including sourcing. P

ALTAIR ACQUIRES S-FRAME ANALYSIS AND DESIGN SOFTWARE

Altair, a tech company that provides software

and cloud solutions in the areas of simulation,

high-performance computing (HPC) and artificial

intelligence (AI) has announced its acquisition

of S-FRAME Software, a structural analysis

software platform used by engineers to evaluate

a structure’s ability to withstand external loads

(like wind, water, and snow) and meet design

code requirements around the world.

For more 30 years, high-end architectural clients

have utilised Altair’s sophisticated technology –

which is also used to design high-tech modern

aircraft and automobiles – to develop some

of the world’s most innovative and iconic

structures. Utilising S-FRAME Software’s finite

element structural analysis and code support

with Altair’s high-fidelity structural optimisation

solutions will allow architects and civil engineers

to be more innovative and bring their visions to

life while adhering to local code requirements.

“We are excited to expand our presence in

the rapidly growing AEC market to lead the

transformation from rule-based design to

predictive, high-performance design, fuelled

by simulation,” said James R. Scapa, Founder

and CEO of Altair. “By using highly sophisticated

performance-based, predictive simulation,

architects and designers will be able to be more

creative, fuelling innovation while increasing

safety.”

As an AEC innovator for many years, S-FRAME

Software’s integrated solutions make it possible

to analyse, design, and detail structures

regardless of geometric complexity, loading

conditions, nonlinear effects, design code

requirements, or material type including steel,

concrete, composites, or mass timber – one of

the hottest in sustainable building materials.

S-FRAME Software has been a leading advocate

for the use of timber in building design as the

material offers sustainability through greenhouse

gas reduction and other environmental benefits

like insulation as well as architectural aesthetics.

S-FRAME Software also allows users to produce

comprehensive and detailed design reports

that include clause references and intermediate

results for multiple design code support.

“Joining the Altair team is a strategic way to

accelerate our growth and become part of a full

solutions suite with their advanced structural

design offerings,” said Marinos Stylianou, CEO,

S-FRAME Software. “We are confident our

combined offerings will be able to empower

engineers, designers, and builders to reach new

heights.” P

16 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


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NEWS

EGGER GROUP CLOSES FY20/21 WITH

3.08 BILLION EUROS TURNOVER

With the close of the EGGER Group’s business

year on 30 Apr 2021, the wood-based materials

manufacturer looks back on a special situation

for the past 12 months. After COVID-related

effects at the beginning of the business year,

EGGER experienced a strong increase in

demand in almost all markets from the summer

of 2020 onwards, which has remained at an

exceptionally high level to this day. In order

to be able to meet this demand, production

capacities are being utilised to the maximum

at all EGGER plants and record quantities are

being produced.

Overall, EGGER reports a stable development of

its key figures for the business year 2020 / 2021:

the Group generated revenue of 3,082.8 million

euros (+8.9% on the previous year) and EBITDA

of 622.3 million euros (+46.6% on the previous

year). The EBITDA margin is 20.2% (previous

year 15.0%), the equity ratio is 42.0% (previous

year 37.9%).

“This clear development shows that at EGGER,

we have coped well with the challenges of

the pandemic, and at the same time, we have

also made very good use of the opportunities

that have arisen in our industry. In addition,

the new plant in Biskupiec (PL) in particular

made a significant contribution to the increase

in earnings,” explained Thomas Leissing,

Spokesman of the Group Management and

responsible for Finance, Administration and

Logistics.

Around 10,400 employees at 20 production

sites worldwide have contributed to these

results and to a new record production

quantity of 9.6 million m 3 of wood-based

materials and timber in this challenging

business year. A milestone in the past business

year was the commissioning of the 20 th plant

in Lexington, North Carolina, the US – the

first EGGER plant in North America. Despite

the difficult conditions and the ongoing

special situation, the plant was able to go into

operation on schedule in September 2020.

EGGER attributes the continued high demand

to the cocooning effect associated with the

pandemic protective measures and lockdowns

(ie, the massively increased consumer

investment in one’s own home). In addition,

there was already a significant backlog of

construction projects in many parts of Europe

before the pandemic.

“Our top priority was and is the reliable supply

of our customers. To this end, we make the

best possible use of our capacities and try

to serve customer needs via various supply

plants,” said Ulrich Bühler, EGGER Group

Management of Sales & Marketing.

Overall, EGGER was able to record a strong

increase in demand in almost all markets

worldwide in this environment and increase

sales compared to the previous year, in some

cases significantly: the Decorative Products

Central Division generated in the last business

year a turnover of 930.4 million euros (+4.9%

on the previous year). At 690.9 million euros,

sales in the Decorative Products West Division

were 4.2% higher than in the previous year.

The turnover in the Decorative Products

East Division rose by 10.8% to 981.8 million

euros. The new plant in Biskupiec (Poland)

developed particularly positively in this

division. The latest Decorative Products

Americas Division increased turnover by

32.0% to 181.2 million euros. The Flooring

Products Division, with turnover of 552.5

million euros, is 25.3% above the previous

year. The other segment has a turnover of

201.5 million euros (+16.0% compared to the

previous year).

OPTIMISTIC OUTLOOK FOR 2021/2022

Projections are currently difficult due

to the lack of reliable forecasts on the

development of the pandemic and possible

further lockdown measures. Despite these

uncertainties, EGGER anticipates a positive

development in the 2021/2022 business year.

Although some of the production and sales

markets are currently still in crisis, there

are signs of increasing demand in almost

all markets and with all product areas. One

risk is the development of the raw materials

markets, especially the current shortage of

chemical products. EGGER counteracts this

by commissioning additional refinement

capacities and investments to improve the

raw material and energy situation, as well as

with the continuous optimisation of material

use and cost structure. P

FURNITURE CHINA 2021 POSTPONED TO DECEMBER

Organisers of the 27th China

International Furniture Expo (Furniture

China 2021) have announced the

postponement of the event. Originally

scheduled to be held from 7-11 Sep

2021, the fair, along with concurrently

held Maison Shanghai, has been

postponed to 28-31 Dec 2021. The

fairs will be held at Shanghai New

International Expo Centre in China.

“Following the latest advice from

local authorities on holding large

gatherings, due to COVID-19, and

after consulting with our industry

partners, we feel the new dates will

provide a much better environment

and experience for our community

to meet and do business,” said

organisers.

According to organisers, the fair

has received 109,541 pre-registered

attendees at the time of writing,

and plans are in place to keep the

community connected while the inperson

event is unable to take place

in September as planned.

Pre-registered visitor passes issued

before 16 Aug 2021 will remain valid

for the new event dates. P

18 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


MARKET REPORT

US southern sawtimber

prices hit 10-year high

By Joe Clark, Global Sales Manager, Forest2Market

There has been a lot of interest in the

disconnect between log and lumber

prices over 2020. While the reason behind

this disparity is often perplexing, the

reality is that the market for trees is vastly

different than the market for lumber.

Photo: Hans Isaacson/Unsplash

In the southern US, the inventory of

standing timber has risen unimpeded

since the onset of the Great Recession

in 2007, which has resulted in an

oversupplied market. The surplus of logs

combined with improved mill efficiencies

has kept log prices suppressed, even as

demand for lumber surges and sawmill

production continues to increase.

There are emerging signs, however, that

this trend is beginning to change.

The last 12 months have been far from

“normal”, but lumber demand has been

strong and prices for pine log products,

such as sawtimber and Chip-n-Saw

(CNS), have surged. Per Forest2Market’s

Stumpage 360 database, year-to-date

pine log stumpage prices across the

South are up 11% over 2020 prices, and

they have now reached a 10-year high.

For many southern sawmills, log costs

can make up more than 70% of the total

cost of the mills’ finished product. It

is therefore the single most important

cost component in the supply chain.

Sawmill procurement teams are tasked

with finding the perfectly sized log,

maximising the mill’s market share of

that log, and reducing the variability

in log size and quality as much as

possible to maintain profitability.

According to Sawmill TQ

benchmarking data, southern mills

keep an average of about six days of

log inventory on hand compared to an

average of nearly 40 days among mills

in the western US. Any upset in the

southern yellow pine supply chain can

quickly affect sawmill operations.

THE INEVITABLE INCREASE ON THE

HORIZON

While the record high lumber prices we

have witnessed over 2020 have been

demand driven, southern sawmills are

incrementally increasing production to

meet the needs of homebuilders. New

20 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


MARKET REPORT

capacity in the form of both greenfield

mills and existing mill expansions will

help meet demand targets and establish

more surge flexibility in the supply

chain. Throughout the South, nearly 2.8

billion board feet (BBF) of new lumber

capacity is scheduled to come online by

the end of 2022.

To demonstrate the raw materials

needs of a modern lumber facility, a

new greenfield mill producing 250

million board feet (MMBF) of lumber

with a yield of 1 MBF per 4 tons

will consume a million tons of logs

each year. Scaling up to meet the

demands of the additional 2.8 BBF

Company Site State New Capacity

(MMBF)

Start-Up

Biewer Lumber LLC Winona MS 350 2022

Binderholz Group (Klausner Lumber One, LLC) Live Oak FL 212 2021

Binderholz Group (Klausner Lumber Two, LLC) Enfield NC 212 2022

Canfor Deridder LA 250 2022

Idaho Forest Group Lumberton MS 300 2022

Jasper Lumber Company Jasper AL 130 2022

Mission Forest Products Corinth MS 250 2022

Resolute Forest Product (Conifex Timber Inc.) El Dorado AR 180 2021

Southeastern Timber Products Ackerman MS 200 2022

Vicksburg Forest Products, LLC Vicksburg MS 105 2021

Roseburg Forest Products Weldon NC 400 2022

West Fraser Dudley GA 170 2021

Total 2,759 2-3 Years

of announced capacity by 2022 will

require 11.2 million tons of logs. It

takes a resource-rich wood basket

to sustainably supply this much

timber to a growing market and

thankfully, timberland owners in

the South are up to the task. Tree

growth in the region is outpacing

removals by 80%.

But as log consumption increases

to meet new supply needs, added

competition will drive localised

stumpage prices higher as well as

force some procurement zones

to increase, which will translate

to longer haul distances, higher

freight costs and ultimately higher

delivered costs.

Increased regional log

consumption will also require new

logging and trucking capacity to

meet the needs of larger, more

modern sawmills. Contractor cost

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components, including equipment, fuel, labour and insurance

costs, continue to increase rapidly as well; skyrocketing

insurance costs alone have become a real concern for many

regional log transport companies, and wages may have to

be markedly higher to attract new entrants in an economy

struggling to maintain adequate labour participation.

All of these factors suggest a coming increase in log price

volatility across the South, both in stumpage prices and costs on

a delivered basis. To prepare for this coming change, sawmillers

are becoming more sophisticated in how they collect and share

data. The newest mills and most sophisticated operators will use

the increasing abundance of information to make data-driven

decisions to rapidly identify and respond to changing trends.

Improved output, lumber recovery, superior grade yields and

data-driven decision making will allow these mills to maximise

their productivity in a highly competitive environment.

MAT MOISTENING

INNOVATION AT WORK

Top moistening

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Sawmillers must prepare now in order to maintain a strong

market position and mitigate risk over the next several years.

Are they ready to take the next step? P

This article was first published in Forest2Market’s website (www.forest2market.com) and is

reproduced with permission.

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MARKET REPORT

The world is moving, and

we have to move with it

By Per Friis Knudsen, Director, Global Timber Asia

Per Friis Knudsen is the director of Global Timber Asia

and is responsible for sales and trades in Asia. He has

years of experience in the global wood industry, and is a

qualified furniture maker with comprehensive expertise

in the wood furniture business. Before joining Global

Timber in 2013, Knudsen worked and travelled across

countries and cultures. With Asia being his greatest

interest, he decided to settle in Malaysia from where he

has worked with hardwood trade ever since.

24 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


MARKET REPORT

I am very pleased with the number of

orders Global Timber has managed

to sign over the last 10 months – not

just American and European lumber/

timber, but also European logs. This

is a sign that the world is once again

moving after a slowdown as COVID-19

started to show its ugly face back in

February 2020. The world slowed its

pace to slower than slow. Fast forward

to around August 2020 – our sales

started to normalise again, and by

September, the pace for new orders

took off. We do, for sure, plan to move

with the world’s new pace. We are

satisfied with a full orderbook and aim

to expand our capacity every day to

better ourselves.

You will seldom hear these words

from a director, but the wood industry

is not normal at moment. Nothing is

normal in the world. I am not sure even

an industry veteran would be able to

recall any similar situation from their

past. It does not matter what industry

one operates in; the wood industry is

probably not the most affected, but we

have been hit badly.

As a trading company, we see things

from many angles. The incidents that

have occurred over the last 18 months

have moved the industry from a

buyer’s market to a seller’s market. It

is a natural part of all these incidents

that has brought the supply chain to its

knees. If there are not many products

to sell and many who want to buy

products, it is a natural process that

prices will increase – and so they have.

The situation is simple: an extremely

high demand versus an extremely low

supply situation. And this does not

look to change in the near future.

All countries around the world have

been hit – some worse than others. I

think we have all been under lockdown

and at the time of writing, I am still

under lockdown here in Malaysia. We

are not allowed to cross state borders

or drive more than 10km from home.

Those who want to visit the office need

special permit from the right authorities.

My kids are under 12 years old and are

not even allowed to be seen in public. It

is possible for me to apply for a permit

to leave Malaysia and return within 60

days, but I most likely will need to spend

14-21 days in isolation at destinations

in South East Asia before another 14

days isolation in a hotel here in Malaysia

once I return. It is crazy cost wise, insane

businesswise, physically draining and

mentally sickening. Thank goodness I

can work from home and am allowed to

take a daily walk in the open.

End user markets shifted from shopping

at old-fashioned retail stores to shopping

online. Consumers were simply forced to

stay home, and stop travelling and going

on holidays. Instead, we started to spend

holiday money on home improvements

projects. Without in-person shopping,

wining and dining, a new hobby came

up – e-commerce. Manufactures that

usually sold their products via retailers

suddenly struggled to ship the orders

they had on hand and items that had

been already produced. Some of our

customers told me that they were simply

told to leave ready loaded containers

at factories instead of sending them to

ports and get paid by buyers. Online

custom manufacturers started to see a

boom in orders. The world shifted from

one fashion to another, and sure enough,

we all began shifting the same way. The

world is moving into e-commerce, and we

are all moving with it.

At the moment, not many manufactures

are thinking about how the value of

American hardwood (eg, White Oak)

dropped about 60% around Q3 2019.

This was not fun for the sawmillers back

then and it was not sustainable pricing

at all. The industry has been suffering

from low prices for a long period and

there were not many smiles on faces

back then. There was an oversupply

and less demand. For sure, there

were some trade barriers that made

a big impact on the slow demand. At

that time, larger furniture/flooring

buyers from the western world got hit

by higher manufacturing prices and

started production locally rather than

internationally and far away from home.

They could not control the situation

abroad but were safe domestically.

Between Q4 2020 and Q2 2021, lumber

prices have increased about 80% and

there are for sure more smiles on

sawmillers’ faces today compared to

back then. However, a good number of

sawmills are no longer around as they

The reason for all this came when news

of the virus was announced 9 January

2020. In matter of months, the virus

that emerged from Wuhan, China, had

spread across the globe to about 20

million people. As of mid-June 2021,

COVID-19 has infected over 170 million

people and caused over three million

deaths .

Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021 25


MARKET REPORT

“Between Q4 2020 and Q2 2021, lumber prices have increased

about 80% and there are for sure more smiles on sawmillers’

faces today compared to back then. However, a good number of

sawmills are no longer around as they simply did not survive to

experience better prices.”

simply did not survive to experience

better prices. For sure the sawmillers

saw the 60% drop in price as a disaster

and now manufactures feel that the

80% increase as a disaster.

Due to the pandemic, there was and still

is a lack of workers at factories and in

the logistics sector in general. Ports do

not operate normally. First, containers

were stuck in China because production

went down for a while. Then the US shut

down, way too late, and COVID-19 hit

with a magnitude unseen elsewhere in

the world. Factories shut down and the

whole world followed suit. “Stay home

and be safe” was the message. That also

meant that there was no one to drive

the trucks and load, unload and move

containers. The containers were stuck

where they were.

Big ports in the US are also a culprit with

delays in the last 10 months or more.

There is a high volume (up 20% from

2019) of arriving cargo, mainly from

Asia to the US west coast terminals,

all resulting in demand for drivers and

chassis that far outpace the availability

of these resources. This affects all

shipments and thereby also the wood

industry. The only outcome from such a

situation is increased logistic prices. We

are not even in shipping peak season

at the moment; the cost of shipping a

40’ container from Vietnam to the US

was about US$3,000 two years ago and

about $15,000 today.

of going to work. However, despite

how vaccinations are underway, no

one wants to work as they get $1,000

to stay home. For how long will this

continue?

News now is that there is a new

restriction on receiving containers

in German ports – from 72 hours to

earliest 48 hours prior to vessel arrival.

There is also a new situation at Yantian

Terminal in China, where there is up

to a 12-day delay and with only 30%

of manpower capacity. The bottleneck

of 330,000 TEU from the Suez incident

and now another 500,000 from Yantian

will continue to heavily affect Asia,

and could potentially cause a delay

all the way up to Chinese New Year

2022 and massive disturbance to the

upcoming Christmas shipments. From

my understanding, this is all due to the

lack of manpower caused by the new

COVID-19 outbreak in the Yantian area.

At Global Timber, those in the Supply

Chain division surely have the toughest

job at the moment as they try to book

containers and find vessel space to

ship our orders. Vessels are delayed,

postponed or even cancelled.

The world is still moving and it is

important we move with it. We

need to get the world back to a new

normal. Do not think about the old

normal – what was normal two years

ago will never be again. We all need to

adapt and not think that there will be

no trauma after all this. Do not expect

all these incentives to continue.

Expect to pay higher taxes in the near

future. Expect long delays in shipment

and expect wood and raw material

prices in general to stay up there for

at least the rest of 2021 and very likely

into Q1 2022.

Due to the upcoming herd immunisation

with vaccines being rolled out in a

faster pace month by month, I can see

light at the end of the tunnel, but I still

cannot judge how long this tunnel is. We

need to let the world turn and we have

to continue turning with it. Otherwise,

we will lose the fight. P

To keep the world moving, many

countries help by stimulating local

economies. For example, Denmark gave

incentives for home improvements. The

US offered something like $1,000 for

people to stay home and be safe instead

26 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


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Wooden paneling and furniture

by Green Factory, who is committed

to use responsibly sourced and

sustainably supplied materials.

Homed, housed

and comfortably

safe? Only if

your furniture is

responsibly

sourced and

certified

By Ken Hickson

Look around the house. What

sort of wooden furniture do you

have? Where did it come from? Do

you know what species it’s made

from? I ask myself these questions

as I view my eclectic collection of

furniture coming from all over the

world.

There’s an English Oak chest of

drawers in the bedroom that must

be more than 100 years old, and a

lovely art-deco-style carved Kauri

chest that dates back to the 1920s.

Also from New Zealand is a Heart

Rimu king-sized bed — made to

order by a wood craftsman —

which has been transported from

Christchurch to Singapore, then to

Queensland and back to Singapore.

We know most of the sources and

species of these items of furniture,

but we are less sure of the origins

of a number of well-used and

beautiful pieces of wooden

furniture we bought in Singapore,

between 1984 and 2000.

28 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT

Knowing more about the source of

timber, whether used for making

furniture, flooring, decking, or

constructing buildings, is particularly

important these days. Deforestation,

illegal logging, and out of control

forest fires have decimated natural

forests around the world, even in our

own backyard.

We suspect that much of the wood

used to make furniture — even in

these so-called enlightened times

in Singapore and other South

East Asian cities — has not been

responsibly sourced or gone through

any sort of certified, verifiable

supply chain of custody.

So how can consumers be more

certain about the origin of the

furniture they purchase? At the

same time, how can we contribute

positively towards climate change

mitigation and the preservation

of forests, supporting natural

ecosystems, wildlife habitats and

biodiversity?

This matters a lot, as the furniture

and furnishings industry is the thirdhighest

user of wood in the world,

behind the construction and paper

industries.

It also accounts for approximately

12% of all man-made greenhouse

gas emissions, according to the

Sustainable Furnishings Council,

a coalition of manufacturers,

retailers and designers dedicated to

raising awareness and expanding

the adoption of environmentally

sustainable practices across the

home furnishings industry.

As more consumers are wising up to

the importance of buying products

that are responsibly sourced and

sustainable in every possible

way, it has become important for

furniture suppliers, manufacturers

and retailers to clearly identify the

source and species of the wood

used, ideally with the PEFC label

displayed.

An example is the Malaysian

company Green Factory, founded by

Harith Ridzuan, CEO of One-Tech.

He said: “Due to global concerns on

climate change and the increasing

need for renewable materials, we are

noticing a renewed interest in wood.

“Many are looking to timber as a

more favourable resource, since

wood is the only carbon-negative

material and can be harvested

sustainably (when done correctly).

As the demand continues to rise, it

is vital for us to understand how this

natural resource can be ethically

harvested or sourced in Malaysia as

well as around the world.”

Green Factory is a PEFC-certified

manufacturer which sources for

wood from sustainably managed

The message from the Programme

for the Endorsement of Forest

Certification (PEFC) is clear: one

way is to purchase sustainably

sourced wooden furniture, as that

would also go a long way towards

protecting the livelihoods of

millions of people.

While it has been actively working

for 20 years or more in Asia, Europe

and America, to promote sustainable

forest management and chain of

custody programmes for wood, PEFC

feels it is necessary to do more. So,

they are launching a new furniture

campaign in September 2021 to raise

awareness for responsible timber

procurement and sustainability

standards. The goal is to increase

the amount of certified sustainable

wooden furniture on the market,

making it easier for consumers

to make a positive choice when

shopping, whether in-store or

online.

A bench made with reclaimed timber from a 100-year-old Malaysian building.

Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021 29


ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT

forests. It aims to make locally sourced

certified wood products more accessible

to Malaysians, as well as regional and

global consumers.

“We’re working hard to increase

awareness and activities that support

sustainable forest management, as

well as sustainable consumption in our

country,” Ridzuan said.

According to a local study, almost

70% of construction waste in Malaysia

consists of wood waste. As Malaysia

continue to industrialise, waste such as

shipping pallets, lumbers, crates and

other wood debris can be repurposed

using innovative methods, which is what

Green Factory is working on.

“As we continue to source for more

sustainable options, plantation

wood, including rubber wood, have

the potential to be a steady source

of material, provided there are

proper management and harvesting

procedures implemented for these

materials,” he added.

Growing by 65% over the last 10 years,

the global furniture market is booming.

The wood used to make furniture comes

from all over the world, from temperate

woodlands of maple and oak, to teak

and mahogany from the tropics.

However, PEFC warns that given the

growing demand for wood within these

forests, how can they continue to thrive?

And how can consumers make choices

that will preserve the world’s natural

forests, sustaining their biodiversity and

their essential contributions to climate

change mitigation?

Sourcing wood-based materials

from sustainably managed forests is

part of the answer. When furniture

manufacturers choose sustainably

sourced wood, when furniture retailers

sell responsible products, and when

consumers live their values by choosing

sustainable wood furniture, they

contribute to the preservation of our

forests.

It is a way to both incentivise forest

management practices that keep forests

standing, and to improve the livelihoods

of millions of people who live in and

around forests. This is why PEFC is

unveiling the furniture awareness

campaign.

The importance of South East Asia

cannot be over-emphasised. In May

2021, we learned that Vietnam has

overtaken China as the largest furniture

exporter to the US as tariffs drive

manufacturers out of the world’s second

largest economy. Vietnam exported

US$7.4 billion worth of furniture to

the US in 2020, compared to China’s

$7.33 billion.

PEFC has been very active in Vietnam

in recent years, and in March 2021 the

Vietnam Forest Certification Office

(VFCO) became its latest member

to achieve PEFC endorsement of its

national forest certification system.

“Realising that our national standards

meet and even exceed the global

sustainability benchmark in sustainable

forest management strengthens our

belief that we are on the right track

to build an accessible national forest

certification system. PEFC endorsement

has recognised all our national

collective efforts,” said Dr Nguyen Quoc

Tri, Director General of the Vietnam

Administration Forest.

Also, earlier this year, the ASEAN

Furniture Industries Council (AFIC)

announced that it was starting on

a strategic four-year sustainability

partnership with PEFC to promote

furniture supply chain sustainability

and responsible procurement, and

to increase the demand for certified

sustainable wood. This improves

sustainable forest management

outcomes and protects natural

resources.

The partnership also draws added

attention to the way PEFC works with

local people to promote responsible

forestry and improve the livelihoods

of smallholders, rural communities

and workers through third-party forest

certification. Once timber leaves the

forest, the PEFC traceability mechanism

enables companies to demonstrate

their legal and sustainable sourcing

of forest-based products to their

customers. Independently verified

auditing ensures that the certified

forest-based material contained in the

product originates from sustainably

managed forests.

All of this aims to help the consumer

and retailer clearly identify the source

and substance of the wood used to

make quality furniture, whether for the

local or export market. P

Exso stools made

from reclaimed pine,

with rubberwood top,

designed by Harith

Green Carpenter.

30 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


PRODUCT HIGHLIGHT

The future is CEBRO

Dieffenbacher presents

holistic smart plant concept

at LIGNA.Innovation Network

While COVID-19 forced the cancellation

of an in-person LIGNA 2021, it hasn’t

stopped innovation or the need

for industry networking. Complete

wood-based panel plant manufacturer

Dieffenbacher will take full advantage

of the new LIGNA.Innovation Network, a

digital event to be held from 27-29 Sep

2021, to introduce a smart plant concept

that will help manufacturers accelerate

their success.

Called CEBRO, the holistic smart plant

concept combines digitalisation and

advanced plant engineering solutions

with operational excellence and

sustainability initiatives.

The new digitalisation platform EVORIS

is a foundation of CEBRO. Based on

standardised interfaces that collect

and process sensor and actuator data

– including camera footage – EVORIS

gives manufacturers more insight

into their production and processes.

AI-supported analysis of live data

is just one tool EVORIS uses to help

plant operators better understand and

control their plants and make important

decisions more quickly.

EVORIS is an open system and browser

based. With its modular app structure

design, EVORIS is easily extendable and

32 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


PRODUCT HIGHLIGHT

updateable. All apps use a modern,

intuitive interface and can be securely

operated from any mobile or desktop

device within a plant’s network.

One key app is “Anomaly Detection”.

It uses AI to immediately detect

deviations from automatically

defined target values for important

plant parameters. This enables plant

operators to react quickly to anomalies

and prevent potential errors before

they occur, thereby maximising plant

availability. Another app is “Quality

Prediction”. This self-learning system

steadily predicts specific board quality

parameters during production to help

operators easily spot irregularities

and take countermeasures to reduce

waste, save resources and increase

productivity.

CEBRO’s advanced plant engineering

solutions, meanwhile, help customers

create smart synergies within a plant.

The resulting interaction of all plant

components increases efficiency.

Advanced plant engineering solutions

include intelligent heat recovery

concepts such as reusing heat from the

press and dryer exhaust air elsewhere

in the production process; this is just

one of many ideas to reduce energy

costs and emissions, and increase

profit.

To help manufacturers achieve

operational excellence, CEBRO uses

optimised processes and innovative

technologies. Examples include a

new forming station for particleboard

production that improves board quality

through increased spreading accuracy;

the EVOsteam steam preheater, which

increases capacity by up to 20%; and

the new Emission Measurement service,

which fosters better understanding

of emission flows and their reduction

possibilities to make processes more

sustainable and less costly.

CEBRO also helps manufacturers

find the right balance between

economic and sustainability goals

to build a better future for business

and the environment. Wood

recycling solutions, which help free

manufacturers from dependence

on fresh wood supplies, are one

way that Dieffenbacher supports

economic success and sustainability.

Others include smart environmental

and new energy-generation

technologies that save costs, cut

emissions and reduce a plant’s

carbon footprint.

Digitalisation, advanced

plant engineering solutions,

sustainability and operational

excellence initiatives are the four

pillars of CEBRO. As a complete

plant supplier, Dieffenbacher is

committed to providing customers

with the best possible support in all

four areas. P


PRODUCT HIGHLIGHT

First pigmented onecomponent

UV-curing putty

for industrial processing

many natural forces which may cause

defects in the wood. Woodworkers

or manufacturers using wood

substrates are quite familiar with these

imperfections in wood, such as knots,

splits, ugly dark streaks or stains,

worm holes, and even decay.

Competitive products such as

mouldings, frames, furniture

components and even flooring require

cost-efficient manufacturing processes

with high-speed lines. This also applies

if poor wood qualities with high filling

requirements are used. Conventional

repair work using two-component

putty will not cure in-line deeper than

approximately 1mm; for full curing, the

boards have to be dried for up to 24

hours, where the process is very labour

intensive, time and space consuming.

Also, it has a limited adhesion on glue;

spots with uncovered glue surfaces

are often milled out, which gives an

unnatural appearance.

Wood is a long-lasting and robust

material, and the perfect natural choice

for anyone looking for durability from

their furniture, flooring, windows, doors

and kitchens. This material has been

used generation upon generation, and

offers timeless quality and charm that

cannot be replicated. Being a natural

resource, no two pieces of wood are

alike; they are shaped by natural forces

and will display a variety of colour

tones, grains and character markings,

such as knots. Therefore, no tree is

perfect either, and can be subjected to

The new Uvilux Putty 1465-20 from

Teknos is the first pigmented singlecomponent

UV-curing putty suitable

for industrial processing. Knots and

other damages in timber can now be

repaired in darker colours in a fast,

economic process with intermediate

curing. Full deep-curing of up to 5mm

can be done under UV light, while

damages can be fully cured in-line

across the whole depth of the top

veneer. As soon as the workpiece has

passed the UV lamp, processing can

continue. Boards can be calibrated,

sanded and finished without

interrupting the in-line process and

the need for temporary storing.

Teknos Uvilux Putty 1465-20 can be

34 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


PRODUCT HIGHLIGHT

Natural defect in timber Repaired with pigmented Teknos Uvilux Putty 1465-20

easily used at typical line speeds of

approximately 8-16m/min and with

usual gallium and mercury lamps.

Depending on the actual line speed,

sufficient lamp power should be

ensured. The putty is easy to use with

excellent adhesion properties; filling

wood imperfections can be done

with minimal sanding requirements

and, most importantly, the filling

does not shrink and recesses do not

form when the putty hardens. In

addition, when the putty is applied,

there is virtually no material left

over. Teknos Uvilux Putty 1465-20 is

able to optimise the production of

wood that requires pigmented repair

of deeper damages, particularly,

flooring boards such as prefabricated

parquet, mouldings, wooden frames

and furniture components. These

can now be repaired and finished

in one continuous process, with

times reduced by up to 24 hours and

valuable storage space freed up. In

short, the processing will become

faster, simpler and more economical.

The new pigmented Teknos Uvilux

Putty 1465-20 is available in black,

dark and light brown, covering most

requirements of typical prefabricated

parquet veneers such as oak, ash,

birch or walnut. One example of

typical use will be the repair of knots

and other damage in oak parquet.

Teknos also offers the transparent

Uvilux Putty 1465-00. This clear/

colourless product is a 100% UVcuring

one-component solution

for fast machine repairing with line

speeds up to 100m/min and deepcuring

property of maximum 12mm.

Both Teknos Uvilux Putty products

can be integrated in the production

process, suitable for manual

application or via a box, extruder or

roller, thus meeting the requirements

of both profiled or flat surfaces.

Applied manually, the product can

even be used in tight production

environments. Processing is very fast

and can be cured with gallium and

mercury lamps, as well as 365 and

395nm UV LED lamps.

Repaired with colourless Teknos Uvilux Putty 1465-00

CASE STUDY

One of Teknos’ major customers,

a leading flooring manufacturer

in Malaysia offering stylish, green

and safe floors to end customers,

experienced the advantages of

Teknos Uvilux Putty 1465 for

both pigmented and transparent

applications. By switching to this

environmentally friendly singlecomponent

product, the company

has saved based on the processcost

analysis which calculates the

time and costs involved in rework

and compared against their

current manual work processes.

UV technology provides instant

drying and, thus, the possibility

of further processing of the items.

With the optimised workflow using

Teknos Uvilux Putty 1465, results

showed significant time savings,

reduction in both production

and operational costs, thus,

helping the customer achieve

higher productivity, efficiency

and increase in quality and

quantity by eliminating labour

intensive rework processes, nonessential

steps and reduction in

downtimes. Furthermore, the

Teknos Uvilux Putty 1465 has

100% solid content and no volatile

organic components, making the

whole solution sustainable and

economical.

“According to our customer, using

two-component putty results in

30% waste as hardened material

will be discarded due to limited

pot life. With the new Teknos

Uvilux Putty, there is no such

waste, and with no hardener there

are no added substances. The

putty has a 100% solid content, no

volatile organic compounds and

no pot-life limitation, making the

whole solution more sustainable

and economical than traditional

solutions,” said Benjamin Röse,

Teknos Business Development

Director, Flooring. P

Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021 35


PRODUCT HIGHLIGHT

High-precision

clamping systems

for high-performance

machining

A tool can never run better than the

machine it’s running on and the

clamping system that fastens it to

the machine. The clamping system

is the link between the machine

and the cutting tool; the better

the clamping system, the better

the quality of tools cut quality and

lifespan of the edge.

In woodworking, there are two

types of clamping systems

available. The basic level, of which

the most popular is the draw-in

collet chuck with a true running

accuracy of 0.02 up to 0.06 mm, and

the next level – “high-precision”

collet chucks. In new generations

of high-precision CNC machines,

there is an increased expectation

for high processing quality and

price-performance ratio. As a rule of

thumb, “halving the run-out error

results in doubling the tool life”.

Furthermore, the clamping device

should have the lowest possible

weight and no inherent imbalance,

which can negatively influence the

overall system and lead to vibrations.

LEUCO offers three kinds of highprecision

clamping systems – they

differ in handling, volume and

maximal rotations per minute (RPM

max).

The hydraulic pressure clamping

system “ps-System” offers very simple

handling and clamping without effort

by means of a hexagonal Allen key

with a true running accuracy of less

than 0.006mm and an RPM max of

30,000.

separate room (high temperatures

when clamping) is necessary.

However, they have a slim volume

and due to the “monolithic” fixed

unit of the clamping system and tool,

machine operators can make no

mistakes.

The power shrink chuck “TRIBOS” has

an excellent true running accuracy

of 0.003mm and RPM max of 40,000.

To change the shank-type cutters, a

hydraulic press is needed. Handling of

this press is simple, and due to its slim

silhouette, the risks and danger for

crashes are reduced to a minimum.

Thanks to the LEUCO

collet chucks,

areas on the CNC

machine which are

hard to access can

be reached with

standard cutters

and drill bits

ps-System

“Heat shrink chucks” offer a true

running accuracy of 0.003mm and an

RPM max of 30,000. Trained staff and

TRIBOS

HIGH PRECISION CHUCKS FOR

5-AXIS-MACHINING

LEUCO offers extra-long slim draw-in

collet chucks for CNC machine

aggregates with a standard HSK-F63

interface. This allows better reach

of workpiece areas that are hard to

access with standard cutters and

router bits. Expensive extra-long

tools are no longer required for the

processing of special moldings with

36 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


PRODUCT HIGHLIGHT

TRIBOS extensions

MAGENTIFY

YOUR

CUT

PANEL SIZING SAW BLADES

TC tipped

LEUCO U-Cut: for Universal use

LEUCO Q-Cut: for Quality cuts

whether single panels or stacks

OPTIONAL

DP tipped – for extra long edge lives

DP tipped & coated teeth –

for extraordinary long edge

lives > innovation only with

LEUCO!

deep cavities (eg, manufacturing of stairs,

chairs, etc). The balance quality of G2.5

allows a high RPM up to 36,000U/min and

guarantees smooth running of the tools

and excellent surface quality.

The TRIBOS extensions (A=160mm) are

a clever solution. On one hand, they

allow the use of standard solid carbide or

polycrystalline diamond tools for precise

and safe routing of moldings with deep

cavity and five-axis applications. On the

other hand, the TRIBOS can be used

for standard applications without the

extensions. P

Text and photos: LEUCO Ledermann GmbH & Co. KG

Comparison of cutting quality of 19 mm medium-density fibreboard: (left) using a standard collet chuck,

(right) using high-precision clamping chuck TRIBOS

LEUCO offers perfect sets of

main and scoring saw blades

CONTACT LEUCO

MALAYSIA

Melaka: LEUCO Malaysia Sdn. Bhd

T +60 (0) 6 336 1268, leucomy@leuco.com

THAILAND

Bangkok: LEUCO Tooling (Thailand) Co., Ltd.

T +66 (0) 2 749 5569-70, inquiry@leuco.co.th

VIETNAM

Long An Province: LEUCO Vietnam Co., Ltd

T +84 272 3715838, leucovn@leuco.com

SINGAPORE

Topline Innovative Pte Ltd

T +65 67485513, toplineinnovative@gmail.com

INDONESIA

Jakarta: P.T. Indotooling Sejati

T +62 21 6508743, maria_indotooling@yahoo.co.id

Sidoarjo: P.T. Akses Kita Utama

T +62 318916941, marketing@indotooling-abadi.com

Medan: CV. Kimplas Makmur Sejati

T +62 614 15 8338, cv.kms@outlook.com

PHILIPPINES

Quezon City: Orgaline Innovative Products Inc.

T +63 2 8932 7651 / +63 2 8932 5401

marketing@orgaline.com.ph

www.leuco.com

2021-08_Plattenaufteilsaegen.indd 1 16.08.2021 10:33:00


IN VIETNAM’S

FURNITURE

CLUSTER

www.bifawoodvietnam.com

NEW DATE: 2-5 MARCH 2022

NEW

VENUE

WTC Binh Duong New City Expo

Lot A19, Hung Vuong Street, Hoa Phu Ward,

Thu Dau Mot City, Binh Duong Province, Vietnam

Google Map

QR code

Exhibition Site

WOOD & WOODWORKING MACHINERY EXHIBITION

Enquiries For International Exhibitors

Pablo Publishing & Exhibition Pte Ltd

3 Ang Mo Kio Street 62

#01-23 Link@AMK,

Singapore 569139

Tel: (65) 6266 5512

Email: williampang@pabloasia.com

info@pabloasia.com

WeChat

Jointly organised by

• BINH DUONG FURNITURE ASSOCIATION (BIFA) • PANELS & FURNITURE Group

BINH DUONG FURNITURE ASSOCIATION

Photo: elena rouame, helena lopes, guzman barquin/unsplash


IN PERSON

The key is “togetherness”:

Metro and Siempelkamp

celebrate 20 years of

cooperation

The wood-based panel industry has witnessed a 20-year partnership

between Metro Ply Group and Siempelkamp. Most recently, Metro,

one of the largest wood-based panel producers in South East Asia,

ordered a new particleboard plant made by Siempelkamp. In April,

Metro celebrated the first board produced on their Siempelkamp

medium-density fibreboard (MDF) plant. Vipas Piyasombatkul,

Managing Director of Metro MDF, and Kanatuch Piyasombatkul,

Managing Director of Metro Particle, tell us about their projects,

visions and values.

Metro and Siempelkamp are both committed

to the strong values of a family-owned

company. What constitutes the value of a

family business in today’s globalised world?

Vipas Piyasombatkul: In our family, the

key is a flexible and adaptable structure;

without structure, we would have just

stayed a small family business. We wouldn’t

have grown into an international and

competitive company. Decisive decisionmaking

and the ability to adapt to change

very quickly give us competitive edge over

old-fashioned large corporations.

Kanatuch Piyasombatkul: We are

transitioning from the second generation

to the third, and there will be a fourth

generation pretty soon. We are now

prioritising finding that perfect balance

between a larger cooperation and all the

levels of a decentralised system of decision

making, and also having a sense of family.

Sharing the values of a family business is

why our father would always have a place in

his heart for Dieter Siempelkamp. They have

Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021 39


IN PERSON

quite a relationship and my father

has always admired him as a person

that sticks to the family values and is

still healthy and involved.

Metro is the leader in MDF

manufacturing in South East Asia

this core message is anchored on the

Metro website. What exactly is the

strength of this business area?

Vipas Piyasombatkul: We have been

the leading wood-based panels

manufacturer in South East Asia for

70 years. That is where our strength

lies – we know all types of wood,

we talk wood and we love wood. My

father’s passion was knowing every

type, log and detail of the tree and he

passed his passion on to us. I pass

this passion on to my son named

Alder – the name of a tree.

Some weeks ago, you celebrated

the production of the first board

on Siempelkamp’s MDF plant.

How satisfied are you with the

performance?

Vipas Piyasombatkul: The line is

ramping up nicely and we are very

satisfied. The performance of

the machine is one thing, but the

reason I am very satisfied is the

set-up team. The experience of the

Siempelkamp team during set-up

process is on another level. Despite

the worldwide disruption caused

by COVID-19, we think it was a

quite successful team cooperation.

Siempelkamp had everyone on site

more or less at the time that we

needed them. And this sounds easy,

but it is not.

The newly ordered Siempelkamp

particleboard line will make Metro

the largest particleboard producer

in South East Asia. The raw board

market is competitive; what

strategies will you pursue to add

value to your raw board products?

Kanatuch Piyasombatkul: Actually,

our main strength has always been

in the value-added product. To be

able to digest the volume of the

continuous line into the market

or into any specific market is very

difficult, so the board itself needs

to be digested into many different

Vipas Piyasombatkul

market sectors and one of which

is the value-added product. As

for particleboards, I have to say

that despite this new line, we

are already the largest player

in South Asia. This line gives us

a new strategic position for a

better logistical base, thus adding

another level of flexibility in terms

of how we allocate our product

portfolio. We will also pretty much

enlarge our value-added line in

the paper sector or the melamine

shortcycling, and we are also doing

a lot of high-pressured laminates

and all the steps of value-added

paper products.

Kanatuch Piyasombatkul

The cooperation between

Siempelkamp and Metro is based on

20 years of good cooperation. What

are the main reasons that convince

the team to appoint Siempelkamp?

Vipas Piyasombatkul: The reasons

why we have been doing business

with Siempelkamp for 20 years are

the service and support. I am not

talking about spare parts or new

machines. When we face problems

or when mistakes have happened, it

does not become a “blame game”,

but instead both sides try to solve it

the fastest way possible.

Contract signing at Metro. From left: Daniel Bacic, Branch Manager Siempelkamp Kuala

Lumpur; Henning Gloede, Managing Director Siempelkamp Singapore; Chatchai Piyasombatkul,

President of Metro Ply Group; Vipas Piyasombatkul, Managing Director Metro MDF; and

Kanatuch Piyasombatkul, Managing Director Metro Particle

Kanatuch Piyasombatkul: The

key is “togetherness”. After-sales

service is essentially the most

important factor when it comes

to any handshake. I have always

called each agreement a renewed

“vow of marriage”. There are ups

and downs, but if both are heading

40 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


IN PERSON

do you consider to be particularly

significant?

Vipas Piyasombatkul: I think

resource efficiency is the name

of our industry itself, especially

in South East Asia and Thailand.

Instead of using big natural trees

to make a table, we can use waste

to make similar looking tables at a

similar strength and structure at a

cheaper price.

Siempelkamp

headquarters in

Krefeld, Germany

towards the same direction, they

will always figure out the way

to improve together in the end.

We appreciate the amount of

experience in the service people,

the engineering department, the

experience that Sicoplan has, and

the experience in all the designers

and the site guys. This experience,

accumulated over the years, is

truly valuable to the customer. I

am seeing that Siempelkamp is

able to continue this promising

trend and we are quite happy

about that.

Quality goes hand in hand with

well-planned investments. What is

particularly important to you?

Vipas Piyasombatkul: We were

taught the importance of quality

since a very young age. When I

started Ply Wood after college,

my dad said: “If your product is

not good enough, do not put my

father’s stamp on it”.

Sustainability and resource

efficiency are becoming

increasingly important in the

wood-based panel industry. What

Kanatuch Piyasombatkul: There

was always this one story that our

father used to tell us. All of his

life, he has been trying to prove

himself to his father who came

from a traditional hardworking

Chinese family. When his father

passed away, our father asked

himself what will be next. The

man he had been living to prove

himself to was no longer with us.

This was when he realised the

true value of our company; his

family is not just the family that

is blood-related, but includes

all 6,000 employees and their

families who are also relying on

him. I think this captures the way

of thinking within our group. At

that point, my father was able to

figure out that it is a legacy that

lives on and it’s how you portray

the legacy that allows us to be

sustainable in the future. P


PANEL MANUFACTURING

Widest CLT panels in Canada:

Element5 partners with

Ledinek for fully integrated

production line

By: Jo-Ann Teo

1

As the spotlight shines ever more fiercely on the sustainability

and a reduced carbon footprint of our built environment, timber

remains a material of choice for many architects and developers.

Canada-based mass timber experts Element5 are now producing

the widest cross-laminated timber panels in Canada, thanks to a

brand-new fully automated production line supplied by Ledinek.

Read on to find out more.

42 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


PANEL MANUFACTURING

Founded in 2015, Element5 specialises

in the design, fabrication and assembly

of timber buildings. After purchasing

the assets of a small cross-laminated

timber (CLT) factory in Ripon, Quebec in

2016, the rapid growth of the company

spurred the construction of a second

plant in 2019. The new plant, located

in St Thomas, Ontario, was completed

within a year and the first test panel

was produced in December 2020.

With the annual production capacity

increasing by a factor of five to almost

50,000m 3 , Element5 was able to shift

the focus of the Ripon factory to the

research, development and testing of

new products, as well as production of

value-added assemblies such as crosslaminated

insulated panels.

2

SELECTING A NEW LINE

Back in 2019, when the Element5 team

first embarked on finding the perfect

CLT and glulam production line, the

main goal was to select a vendor that

offered a fully automated system with

seamless integration from beginning

to end and demonstrated performance

in mass timber automation. Strong

vendor-client partnership was also

a priority, and that included high

levels of customer support during and

after the commissioning stage. The

manufacturing team toured several

European facilities and conducted

extensive research before selecting the

Ledinek line.

THE LINE

Within the 137,000sqft St Thomas

factory, the fully integrated production

line does everything – from lumber

conditioning and finger-jointing to

sanding and CNC machining of the

finished components. The line also

features Ledinek’s new Z-Press which

edge glues the panels and produces a

superior appearance-grade finish free

from cracks and gaps.

The CLT panels produced on this new

line are up to 3.5m wide and 16m

long – the widest CLT panels available

in Canada; in addition to Element5, it

is only produced at this width by one

Legend

1 Bird’s-eye view

of Element5’s

new mass timber

manufacturing

facility in St

Thomas, Ontario,

Canada

2 Automatic

stacking and

glue-application

station for

longitudinal and

cross layers

– for assembly of

CLT elements

3 Third-generation

Ledinek

automatic

press for CLT

production

4 Ledinek team

posing on one of

the first CLT test

panels pressed

at Element5’s

facility

3

4

Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021 43


PANEL MANUFACTURING

other Canadian manufacturer that

operates on the west coast. With

fewer panels, less lifting time and

a reduced number of connections

needed, mass timber projects will

benefit from the design and material

efficiencies of this wider format panel.

TRAINING AND SUPPORT

According to Chris Latour, Vice

President of Manufacturing

Engineering at Element5, the Ledinek

team’s guidance and support were the

largest factors for success. Ledinek

stressed the importance of Element5

operating the equipment while the

installation team was still present and

able to assist when required.

5

“By the end of the commissioning

stage, the Element5 team

was operating the equipment

independently,” said Latour.

“Ledinek also sent senior staff

to inspect the equipment and

complete documented operator and

maintenance training to ensure the

team was educated and equipment

was validated.”

EXCEEDING EXPECTATIONS

All in all, the Ledinek line met and

exceeded the team’s expectations on

multiple fronts.

“The design and quality of

workmanship by Ledinek cannot

be summarised to explain the level

of detail they have considered

to ensure constant success and

ease of operation,” shared Latour.

“The components are uniform to

minimise inventory, the custom

components are designed to

withstand constant production and

the controls systems are designed to

shorten the installation period to a

minimum.”

The dedication of the Ledinek

team also greatly impressed

the Element5 team. Despite the

unforeseen circumstances that

arose from the pandemic, the entire

line was installed, commissioned

6

Legend

5 Overview of the line, with the curing storage for finger-jointed boards in the front

6 Entrance for wood packages and automatic vacuum destacking station

and certified within the project’s

projected timeline. This was

possible thanks to numerous

sacrifices of the installation team;

due to border restrictions and the

need for quarantine, the Ledinek

team made the decision to stay in

Canada for the entire installation

process. Being so far from home in

Slovenia for such long stretches

did not impact their attitudes

and dedication. According to

Latour, many of Element5’s

engineers continue to keep

in touch professionally and

personally with the Ledinek team

due to the strong relationships

built throughout the project. P

44 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


PANEL MANUFACTURING

Saving material,

time and money

in panel cutting

A lot of waste is generated when cutting panels to size. If cutting plans

are created with simple software tools or even by hand, a lot of savings

potential remains unused. Professional software solutions such as

AutoPanelSizer help to minimise waste and optimise workflows.

Cutting optimisation is an important

issue in the woodworking industry. In

the past, cutting plans were created

by hand, but now most people are

aware of the advantages of a computergenerated

solution; to achieve cutting

plans that are as efficient as those

created by software, a worker needs

many years of experience. Unlike

software, a human cannot consider

all constraints and optimisation goals

simultaneously. In addition, manual

optimisation always involves time and

costs. Automatically generated cutting

plans, which are also material-efficient

and easy to execute, save time and

money and thus offer a competitive

advantage.

Many companies therefore use

computer-aided optimisation today.

However, if very simple or outdated

software tools are used that take

insufficient account of the complex

46 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


PANEL MANUFACTURING

tasks involved in cutting, a great deal

of optimisation potential still remains

unused.

COMPLEX CUTTING CONSTRAINTS

In many cases, material utilisation

can be increased if several jobs are

mixed during cutting. To be able to

conveniently sort the produced parts

afterwards, the software must take

destacking criteria into account. Also,

an option might be to add parts from

follow-up orders with a later due date,

in order to create more efficient cutting

plans. To keep the stock of remainders

as small as possible, remainders should

be used preferentially in subsequent

optimisations. It should also be noted

that panel-sizing saws are always

offering new functions for faster cutting.

These production capabilities should

already be taken into consideration

when creating the cutting plans.

There are many other constraints

depending on the application situation

or machine type. In addition, cutting

optimisation cannot be regarded as a

detached work step. Rather, it is part

of an increasingly interlinked process

chain, in which not only low material

consumption is important, but also

manufacturing costs and production

times must be optimised. Therefore,

it is worthwhile to use a professional

cutting optimisation, which is usually

operated on-premises (eg, locally on

site), but can also be part of a cloud

solution.

CUTTING AS PART OF A PROCESS

CHAIN

Even a professional program must

be well integrated into the rest of the

software and machine landscape

because a separate tool represents

a weak point in the increasingly

digitalised process chain of panel

processing. If the data of the parts to

be produced is transferred by hand

from software to software or passed on

to the saw, the risk of error increases

and valuable work time is wasted. In

contrast, optimisation programs that

interface with data management and

the saw enable a continuous flow of

data. Machine manufacturers often

sell such programs together with their

saws. Software providers offer cutting

optimisation as part of their enterprise

resource planning (ERP) system or

manufacturing execute system (MES).

These optimisation programs are

often not developed by the saw and

software providers themselves, but

come from companies specialised in

optimisation. It is advantageous here if

the optimisation is a pure calculation

kernel, which means that there are

no graphical interfaces or other

additional functions. It is only the pure

optimisation that can be accessed

via interfaces from other programs.

Saw and software providers can thus

seamlessly integrate the calculation

kernel into their own solutions and

graphical interfaces, and add required

additional functions such as label

printing or a stock management

system themselves. The provider of the

calculation kernel, on the other hand,

can completely focus on the quality of

the optimisation results.

A SOLUTION: AUTOPANELSIZER

The AutoPanelSizer software from

the Fraunhofer Institute SCAI is a

pure calculation kernel that can be

integrated into other applications.

For example, AutoPanelSizer runs in

the cloud solution of a major machine

manufacturer. Other partners of the

research institute distribute the software

together with graphical planning tools.

The interfaces of AutoPanelSizer are

kept general enough that the software

can easily be integrated into other

systems and applications. Machine

properties and production specifications

can be set individually. The cutting

plans generated with AutoPanelSizer

achieve a very high material yield

even with just two cutting stages. The

software reduces waste even further by

means of recuts and head cuts, a third

cutting stage and the consideration of

optional parts. In addition to material

consumption, AutoPanelSizer also takes

into account manufacturing costs and

production times, allowing users to

balance optimum material utilisation

and production effort.

AutoPanelSizer is continuously

extended with new features. The new

version 4.0 has just been released. It is

significantly faster than its predecessor

and can also integrate stress release

cuts into the cutting layout. For further

improvements of AutoPanelSizer, the

development team draws on many

years of experience and a broad

algorithmic knowledge in the field of

optimisation.

Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021 47


PANEL MANUFACTURING

Fraunhofer SCAI has been providing solutions

for packaging and cutting problems in various

application fields for more than 20 years. In addition

to AutoPanelSizer, the software suites from SCAI

include the programs AutoNester and PackAssistant.

AutoNester is one of the leading cutting optimisation

solutions worldwide in the textile and leather industry

and is used for nesting complex parts. PackAssistant is

the world’s leading software in the field of optimising

packing arrangements of identical parts into

containers.

1

2070

15

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260 260 260 260

287

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138 138

402

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With AutoPanelSizer, software providers or machine

manufacturers expand their product range and offer

their customers added value. AutoPanelSizer does not

necessarily have to replace an existing optimisation, but

can also complement it in order to offer users the best

and most versatile solutions possible. P

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Legend

1 Cutting layout

with head cut:

The cutting plan

is divided into

the “head plan”

(on the left) and

the “main plan”

(framed in orange).

Both contain three

cutting stages. The

strips on the main

plan are rotated by

90 degrees.

2 Section of a cutting

layout with three

cutting stages. It

has been taken into

account that only

two destacking

stations are

available. Parts

with the same

colour must be

destacked together.

3 AutoPanelSizer

computes this

cutting layout in

0.3 seconds. It has

been taken into

account that only

three destacking

stations are

available. Parts

with the same

colour must be

destacked together.

48 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


Western Hemlock furniture set

Canadian wood is

versatile and durable.

www.canadianwood.com.vn

+84 (0)909 222 408


FURNITURE MANUFACTURING

Optimise material flow

with HOMAG STORETEQ

Safe and automatic

handling and

transporting helps

to avoid damage

and scratches

HOMAG’s automated storage

system STORETEQ aims to increase

production efficiency with optimised

and transparent material flow.

Think about the amount of storage

space you have – how much time

do you spend just trying to find the

right material? STORETEQ optimises

the storage area and saves valuable

production space. Having a safe

material flow without the driveways

allows factory staff to spend less time

searching for the right materials.

REDUCING LABOUR AND MATERIAL-

HANDLING COSTS

How many personnel are needed

during the panel-handling process?

Which problems do your employees

cause by the physically challenging

work? How many boards are damaged

during manual handling? What is the

amount of quality costs for a damaged

board? STORETEQ’s Intelligent

Vacuum Control allows the automatic

transportation of panels without

causing scratches or damage. The

fully automated process helps reduce

manpower needed for handling and

transportation.

MAXIMISING MATERIAL YIELD

How do you store and manage

offcuts, and maximise material yield?

How much space do you need for

offcuts? With intelligence built into

the system, offcuts that are above

1,800mm by 400mm automatically

return to the storage system directly

through the saw or via the infeed

station, while smaller pieces are

stored outside of the storage system.

HOMAG’s automated storage system

STORETEQ aims to save valuable

resources – whether it’s expensive

floor space for production, time in

searching for materials or labour

costs in handling the materials.

Besides the safe and automatic

transportation of high quality, damagefree

panels, it is now possible to furnish

frequent material and decor changes

with real-time display of available

and planned boards on hand (using

woodStore software). P

Safe material flow

without driveways

and no more

material search

required

50 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


MALAYSIAN

TIMBERS

THE PREFERRED

CHOICE

Sustainable

Renewable

Versatile

Durable

Diverse

The remarkable performance characteristics of Malaysian

timbers have allowed architects and designers globally to

feature timber in time-transcending designs that match

beauty with functionality.

Your go-to resource for information on

Malaysian timbers

www.mtc.com.my


FURNITURE MANUFACTURING

Innovative automated

cutting workstation:

Increasing production

capacity and quality

There are many decorative materials for

modern panel-type furniture, and paper

lamination boards are relatively common

as it is more environmentally friendly

than ordinary melamine. The process

involves pasting wood-grain paper on the

surface of medium-density fibreboards or

particleboards, and then performing EB

treatment to improve waterproofing and

abrasion resistance. This can solve the

problem of instability and deformation

due to internal thermal stress of the veneer

materials during the hot-pressing process,

as the surface of the material has a full paint

film, transparency and levelling but relatively

poor scratch resistance. Currently, furniture

that do not require high abrasion resistance

during use and are not close to water sources

are mainly made of paper lamination boards,

such as shoe cabinets, bookcases, room

cabinets, knock-down furniture, etc. Most

IKEA furniture adopt paper lamination boards.

During processing, since the surface of the

paper lamination board is wood-grained

paper, the paper surface might tear when the

milling cutter is used, and only panel dividing

saws can help avoid this. The handling

method of loading and unloading plates

should also be automated to avoid bumps

and scratches on the panel surface. During

furniture production, narrow strips, such

as top and bottom plates and partitions,

account for a bulk of the processing amount

and having the greatest impact on efficiency.

How can the narrow strip board be cut

efficiently without being scratched?

To combat this, Nanxing has launched

an automatic solution where the gantry

loader uses a suction cup to lift a single

board for loading, to avoid scratching the

board. A multi rip-cut saw then performs

a one-time slitting of a single large board,

and the trimming waste that is cut off from

the longitudinal edge flows out from both

sides to the collection device for centralised

recycling and reuse. After the cut panels are

cleared by the cleaning machine, the rear

gantry loader will stack the workpieces in the

waiting area on the two sides according to

the machine.

As the panel comes into position, it is

clamped by grippers for cross-cutting. The

material is then discharged, followed by

the collection of offcuts, dust removal and

blanking.

ADVANTAGES

The straight-up and straight-down loading,

unloading and handling modes of the whole

line, and the cooperation between the multi

rip-cut saw and double-station throughfeed

panel dividing saw, allow a high

automatic continuous processing efficiency

and utilisation rate of plates. They also

allow the plates to be transported without

needing to be rotated, hence protecting

the surface of the paper lamination board.

The whole process is easy to implement,

reduces labour and also saves floorspace.

It is suitable for knock-down furniture and

IKEA system production mode, allowing high

cost performance. The average production

capacity can reach 2,400 parts in a single

shift, which is equivalent to three ordinary

computer panel saws, and requires only one

to two people to operate.

Through-feed crosscut saw NPL150HG is

specially designed for sensitive materials

such as narrow and long boards. It can be

connected to the conveyor table at the front

and back, and can process boards with a

width of up to 1,500mm to meet most of

the processing requirements of narrow and

long boards. The seven sets of grippers are

54 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


FURNITURE MANUFACTURING

materials cost in the long run.

It can be updated to be an

information-based production

line, and the factory’s enterprise

resource planning (ERP) data

can be connected. The front end

can also be equipped with a

barcode printer to achieve datadriven

production.

matched with front-side positioning

and encrypted rollers to effectively

ensure that the longitudinally cut

boards are aligned and do not run

during the cross-cutting process. In

addition, an offcut collector at the

discharge end of the machine allows

the direct discharge of the offcuts,

solving the problem of residual

material processing and ensuring

continuous processing efficiency and

accuracy.

sheet board. The core typesetting

algorithm of the optimised

software can also be updated

and maintained online in a timely

manner to continuously improve

the optimisation result, including

material utilisation and equipment

processing efficiency. The on-site

verification proves that 1-2% of the

board can be saved on average,

as well as significant saving in

All in all, Nanxing’s automatic

sizing solution for mass

production helps improve

production efficiency while

protecting the board surface

from being scratched. This

helps to save on labour,

space and costs, which can

effectively help furniture

manufacturers improve their

competitiveness. On the

premise of the appearance and

abrasion resistance comparable

to ordinary panels, paper

lamination furniture is more

environmentally friendly, in line

with the direction of sustainable

development. Thanks to the

continuous improvement

of sheet metal processing

technology, its water resistance

and wear resistance have also

been significantly improved,

and is getting increasingly

recognised in the market. P

In addition to the hardware, the

crosscut saw is also a key factor in

helping furniture companies save

costs and improve competitiveness.

In the batch-cutting automatic

connection scheme, the throughfeed

crosscut saw NPL150HG adopts

an Online Sawing Optimisation

Software, a cloud-based typesetting

optimisation system. Compared

to optimised software for local

computing, the cloud online

optimisation software selects the

optimal typesetting result through

the iterative calculation of the

cloud server, which has stronger

computing power and higher

utilisation rate of the optimised

Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021 55


MATERIALS

Tasmanian Oak

transforms 1800s

pub and bistro

Just on the outskirts of Melbourne sits Templestowe Hotel, also

known by locals as The Tempy. Established in 1868, the venue has

received a sparkling renovation by Melbourne-based architecture

studio, Enth Degree Architects. Tasmanian Oak was used to revamp

the large venue, which is combined with the hotel’s different spaces,

to create a cohesive style throughout, stitching the warm but

modern design together.

56 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


MATERIALS

GO WITH THE FLOW

Prior to the new interior fitout, the venue,

including a sports bar, gaming room and bistro,

read as separate spaces. Enth Degree Architects

chose a range of textures, such as an organic

flowing carpet that carries into each room,

together with muted purple tones matched with

natural soft greens, and varying applications of

timber.

For banquette seating walls, planter boxes, bar

front, walls and ceiling linings, Tasmanian Oak

was particularly chosen for its inviting look

and tactility, as Esther Choi, Senior Architect

at Enth Degree, explained: “We liked the base

colour of Tasmanian Oak and found the timber

we selected to be relatively consistent. Timber

brings a warmth and texture to a project, and

even when stained, it doesn’t feel cold or have a

flat surface.”

THE RIGHT CHOICE

Having used Tasmanian Oak in their previous

projects, Choi said the ample use of Tasmanian

Oak in The Tempy was a first. The timber


MATERIALS

performed to their standards, and its

locality and availability made it the right

choice.

“We’ve used Tasmanian Oak in other

residential and hospitality projects when

we wanted to achieve that warmth and

texture timber creates, but this was the

first project where we used it in so many

different areas. It’s important for us to

use local materials because of the small

footprint and the short lead time,” she

said.

With the bistro transformed into an

elegant contemporary restaurant, seniors

can still come in and read a newspaper

in the lounge, families can dine together

at the big tables, and the young and hip

have a space to share on social media in

addition to having a good meal.

ACCESSIBLE DESIGN

This thoughtful consideration of creating

a space accessible for all generations

is what distinguishes Enth Degree

Architects. For each project, the team

takes into consideration the targeted

users who will benefit from the designed

spaces, having an eye for detail across

integrated environments and a rational

approach to both form and function. P

Photography: Steve Scalone

This article was first published on Tasmanian Timber’s

website (www.tasmaniantimber.com.au) and

is reproduced here with permission.

58 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS

The Wings of

Xi’an Inland Port

Developer: Xi’an municipality

Architect: China Northwest

Architecture Design and Research

Institute Co. Ltd

Completed: June 2021

Photography: CROWN HOMES

The Olympic Sports Central Axis

Ecological Park, located on the Olympic

Sports Avenue in Baqiao District, Xi’an,

is an important supporting project

for China’s 14th National Games. The

Skytrain station is a key component of

the project and an important part of

the ecopark. With Xi’an Metro Line 3 as

the central axis, a column-beam system

constructed with heavy-duty gluelaminated

timber (glulam) majestically

flanks the station. These “wings” form

the east and west sides of the station,

and consist of the wooden keel frame,

glass curtain wall and light show. The

structure is made using 244 main beams

and 4,556 secondary beams, of which

the wood keel is lapped with sustainably

harvested Douglas fir milled in Canada.

Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021 59


STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS

60 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS

In order not to interfere with the

operation of Metro Line 3 and to

deliver the project within tight

deadlines, the designer was

convinced by Canada Wood China to

use wood frame construction.

The project team completed

the original 60-day construction

task within 25 days, with work

continuing through the night.

This won precious time for the

subsequent construction and laid a

solid foundation for the realisation

of 30 Jun 2021 as the completion

date for the whole project. With the

unique designs, and as the station

to service the Olympic Sports

Central Axis Ecological Park, the

Skytrain station is set to become an

iconic location for the city. P

This article was first published in Canada Wood

Group’s website (www.canadawood.org) and is

reproduced ai15821874497_EN_PFA_IMEAS_2020.pdf here with permission.

1 20/02/20 09:30

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Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021 61


WOOD CLINIC

Hello Mr Shen,

I am currently working for a company that supplies

woodworking adhesives to clients that manufacture

solid wood furniture with rubber. One of my clients

plans to produce solid wood furniture with bigleaf

mahogany or African mahogany. I have little

knowledge about these wood species – could you

please provide me with some information?

Thank you!

Sincerely,

Mr Chen

Shim Yee Shin is a specialist consultant

in the woodworking and panel industry,

with more than four decades of experience

in the field. He graduated from Taiwan’s

National Chun-Hsing University with

a forestry major in 1973 and has since

accumulated a wealth of experience

through his work in various countries

across South East Asia and Greater China.

Mr Shim now runs his own consultancy firm

providing ad-hoc consultancy services and

bespoke training workshops. Prior to this,

he was Henkel’s Woodworking Adhesives

Technical Service Director for the Asia

Pacific region.

Key information

about big-leaf

and African

mahogany

Hello Mr Chen,

Thank you for your letter. Below is some

information about big-leaf and African

mahogany.

Big-leaf mahogany (Scientific name:

Swietenia macrophylla King; Family:

Meliaceae)

Habitat: Big-leaf mahogany trees are

a species indigenous to tropical or

subtropical regions of Latin America.

They are also planted on the roadsides in

Singapore and Indonesia.

Description: It is an evergreen tree with

a height of 30-40m and a trunk diameter

of 1.8m. It grows on fertile soil and its

leathery leaves are alternate evenpinnately

compound leaves with lengths

of 30-45cm. There are three to six pairs

of opposite pinnules in ovate-lanceolate

shape with lengths of 6-21cm. The two

sides of the main vein of the leaf have

different widths (Figure 1). The bark is

brown and will fall off longitudinally.

Figure 1

Wood appearance: The sapwood is light

red and yellowish-brown, the heartwood is

dark reddish-brown, and the colour of the

wood varies greatly. The wood material is

diffuse-porous with slightly visible annual

rings, and the light coloured parenchyma

on the ring boundary can be seen on

its smooth cross-section (Figure 2). The

planed smooth wood surface is glossy,

its interlocked grain can be seen with the

62 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


WOOD CLINIC

naked eye and there are beautiful stripe

patterns when the cut surface is planed.

With a magnifying glass, you can see

its wood rays, ducts and parenchyma

containing a small amount of gum

(Figure 3). The wood has no special

smell.

Physical and mechanical properties:

The density, shrinkage rate and

mechanical properties of mahogany in

different habitats are not completely

consistent (Table 1).

Habitat

Density (g/

cm2)

Shrinkage rate (%)

Air-dry Radial Chordwise

Compressive

Strength

Parallel to

Grain (MPa)

Bending

Strength

(MPa)

Modulus of

Elasticity

in Static

Bending

(MPa)

Shear

Strength

Parallel

to Grain

(MPa)

Brazil

0.51-0.57

40 67 9100 10

Honduras

2.1-3.0 3.6-5.0

Peru 0.50-0.72 46 79 10700 12

Nicaragua 0.58-0.64 46 79 10700 12

Table 1. Physical and mechanical properties of big-leaf mahogany (Source: Latin Tropical Timber by Liu Peng,

Jiang Xiaomei, and Zhang Lifei)

150x210mm--CORRECTED copy.pdf 1 24/8/21 10:27 AM

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Above: Figure 2 (top) and Figure 3 (bottom)


WOOD CLINIC

Processing properties: The wood

can be easily dried without any

drying defects, and it is easy to

process. The wood has interlocked

grain, so the knives of the processing

machine should be sharp. Its

penetration rate is low, it has

excellent nail-withdrawal resistance,

and it has excellent gluing and dyeing

properties.

Decay resistance: The decay

resistance is moderate, and the

sapwood is vulnerable to powderpost

beetles. The heartwood is resistant

to brown- and white-rot fungi, and is

slightly resistant to termites.

Application: The wood has good

strength and moderate weight,

and it can be used to make aircraft

propellers, high-end furniture,

flooring, hulls, musical instruments

and sliced veneers.

African mahogany (Scientific name:

Khaya senegalensis A. Juss.; Family:

Meliaceae)

African mahogany belongs to the

Meliaceae family. There are four

kinds of African mahogany, including

K. anthotheca C. DC.; K. ivorensis A.

Chev.; K. grandifolia C. DC.; and K.

senegalensis A. Juss. The key points

to identify K. senegalensis A. Juss. are

as follows:

Habitat: African mahogany is a

species indigenous to Ghana and

other tropical areas of Africa. It is

also planted on the roadsides of

Singapore and Malaysia.

Description: It is an evergreen

tree with a height up to 30-40m. Its

trunk is mostly round and straight,

with a diameter of up to 1.8m. The

tree can grow in various soils. It has

even-pinnately compound leaves

with lengths of 30-70cm, and the

leaves are alternate with slightly

mispositioned pinnules. There are

three to seven pairs of opposite

pinnules in oblong or occasionally

ovate-lanceolate shapes (Figure 4),

Figure 4 Figure 5

with lengths of 8-17cm and widths of

5-7cm. The two sides of the main vein

of the leaf have different widths. The

bark is dark reddish-brown and will

shed like scales.

Wood appearance: It is diffuseporous

wood with dark reddishbrown

heartwood that is not clearly

distinguished from the sapwood,

and its sapwood is slightly yellowishbrown.

Duct holes on the cross-section

are slightly visible to the naked eye.

With a magnifying glass, you can

clearly see the wood rays, and there

is a lot of gum in the ducts. Some of

the duct cavities are blocked, and the

parenchyma cells also contain gum

(Figure 5).

Physical and mechanical properties:

For the density, shrinkage rate and

mechanical properties of African

mahogany (K. senegalensis A. Juss.),

refer to the data in Table 2.

Habitat

Density

(g/cm2)

Shrinkage rate (%)

Air-dry Radial Chordwise

Compressive

Strength Parallel

to Grain (MPa)

Bending

Strength

(MPa)

Modulus of

Elasticity

in Static

Bending

(MPa)

Shear

Strength

Parallel

to Grain

(MPa)

Senegal 0.81 3.8 5.8 52.2 122.5 9803 -

Table 2. Physical and mechanical properties of African mahogany (Source: African Tropical Timber by Liu Peng, Jiang

Xiaomei, and Zhang Lifei)

Processing properties: If the wood

dries too fast, splitting and deformation

are likely to occur. The wood is easy to

fluff, so the knife of the woodworking

machine should be sharp (Figure 6).

It also has excellent nail-withdrawal

resistance.

Figure 6

Decay resistance: The wood requires

preservative treatment, and it is difficult

for preservatives to penetrate the

heartwood and sapwood. The sapwood

is vulnerable to longhorn beetles and

resistant to termites.

Application: It can be used for

decorative veneers, flooring, furniture,

joinery, plywood, etc.

I hope the above information can

help you distinguish between Central

American big-leaf mahogany and the

African mahogany.

Sincerely,

Shim Yee Shin P

64 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


TOWARDS SUSTAINABILITY

Adapting to the

new normal

Inspiring the next “material

revolution” by creating sustainable

and high-performance materials

from oil palm waste, Peter Fitch

together with IOI have set up IOI

Palm Wood to commercialise this

untapped potential.

We are facing the second year of the

COVID-19 pandemic that has killed over

four million people so far. The COVID-19

pandemic has been a crisis occurring in

the midst of another challenge – climate

change. For many people throughout

the world, health and economic

recovery have been top priorities.

While climate change has not made any

sensational headlines, it is a very serious

long-term challenge. Former United

Nations (UN) Secretary General Ban

Ki-moon once stated: “We are the first

generation that can end poverty, but the

last that can end climate change.”

On last year’s World Environment

Day held on 5 Jun 2020, the Race to

Zero was launched to bring together

a coalition of net zero initiatives in

the race to a zero-carbon economy

to build a healthier, cleaner, safer

and more resilient world for future

generations. The next UN Climate

Change Conference (COP26) will be

a virtual session chaired by the UK at

the end of October. Ominously, the

current UN Secretary General Antonio

Guterres said: “Rather than progress,

we are moving farther away from our

goals. And with the global temperature

increase already at 1.2 degrees, we are

on the verge of the abyss.”

COP26 has the following stated goals:

1. Secure global net zero by midcentury

and keep 1.5 degrees

within reach

Countries are being asked to come

forward with ambitious 2030

emissions reductions targets that

align with reaching net zero by the

middle of the century.

To deliver on these stretching

targets, countries will need to:

• accelerate the phase-out of coal

• curtail deforestation

• speed up the switch to electric

vehicles

• encourage investment in

renewables.

66 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


TOWARDS SUSTAINABILITY

Projected Impacts of Climate Change

Food

Water

Ecosystems

Extreme

Weather Events

Risk of

Irreversible

Changes

Global temperature change (relative to pre-industrial level)

0°C 1°C 2°C

3°C

4°C 5°C

Possible rising yields in

some high latitude regions

Glaciers disappear

Damage to coral reefs

C = Celsius; CO2 = Carbon Dioxide

Source: Adapted from the Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change

2. To protect communities and

natural habitats

The climate is already changing

and it will continue to change

even as we reduce emissions, with

devastating effects.

At COP26, we need to work together

to enable and encourage countries

affected by climate change to:

• protect and restore ecosystems

• build defences, warning

Falling crop yields

Decreases in water availability

Falling yields in many developed regions

Rising number of species face extinction

Rising intensity of storms, forest fires, droughts, flooding and heat waves

Increasing risk of abrupt, large-scale climatic shifts

Sea level rise

threatens major

coastal cities

systems and resilient

infrastructure and agriculture to

avoid loss of homes, livelihoods

and even lives

Climate Change is a global fight,

but the important point is that

everyone needs to step up and play

their part.

At IOI Palm Wood, we are once

again highlighting the benefits of

our engineered panels. Many of you

will have hear the slogans of “Zero

Carbon Emission” or “Carbon Neutral”,

which most responsible companies

aim to achieve by 2030. However, we

are looking to go beyond this and to

become Climate Positive, which means

that a business or activity goes beyond

achieving net zero carbon emissions

to actually create an environmental

benefit to the atmosphere.

Our ambition is to become a zerocarbon

business by 2030 and a climate

positive business by 2050, and we

believe that shifting to a circular

business model will help get us there.

When we work to prolong the life of

our materials and products, we help

to decrease the footprint by reducing

the number of new materials being

produced and the amount of future

waste. We’re designing our panels and

products from the very beginning to be

reused, refurbished, remanufactured

and eventually recycled, by applying our

circular product design principles during

the product development process.

There are good and sound business

reasons to do this:

1. The climate emergency is a huge

risk to all our businesses

The sound, long-term business

Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021 67


TOWARDS SUSTAINABILITY

management strategy would

suggest that you do what you can

reasonably afford to reduce that

risk. Raw materials are becoming

a significant and real problem for

the timber industry in Malaysia.

2. The legal and economic

framework is changing

• Malaysia has pledged to

reduce its greenhouse gas

emissions intensity of the GDP

by 45% by 2030 relative to the

emissions intensity of GDP in

2005.

• In April 2020, the Streamlined

Energy and Carbon Reporting

regulations came into force,

requiring all large businesses

to include a carbon footprint

in their annual return.

• In 2019, the International

Monetary Fund said that

“carbon taxes are the most

powerful and efficient means

of decarbonising economies”.

• Carbon Tax looks set to

arrive in the near future. In

April 2019, the Department

for Business, Energy and

Industrial strategy calculated

that we may need a carbon

price of US$90 per tonne by

2030.

• The need for the government

to fund the huge borrowing

it has made to tackle the

COVID-19 pandemic means

it will be looking for new

ways to increase its income,

including a carbon tax.

• There is pressure from

industry. Leading

international businesses have

informed the government,

asking them to prioritise

“green” solutions in

economic recovery.

3. Customer expectations are changing

The consumer reaction to the way

businesses have responded to the

pandemic has shown that they reward

those businesses whom they see are

getting involved in solving problems.

Survey after survey shows that people

and businesses want to buy green.

They want to buy from businesses

taking our environmental problems

seriously. Large companies within our

sector such as IKEA have stated that

they will become Climate Positive and

demand the same from their supply

chains.

4. We have to ADAPT to thrive:

Accepting that change must happen.

Defining the problem at hand.

Adjusting or businesses to the new

normal.

Planning for the future scenarios.

Thriving once we take the opportunities

that have presented themselves. P

Photo: Nazarizal Mohammad / Unsplash

68 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


EVENTS CALENDAR

Events Calendar 2021–2022

2021

SEPTEMBER, 12 – 15

The Big 5

Dubai, United Arab Emirates

SEPTEMBER, 22 – 24

NHLA Convention 2021

Florida, USA

Photo: Nathan John / Unsplash

Furniture Manufacturing & Supply China 2021

Shanghai, China

DOMOTEX 2022

Hannover, Germany

DECEMBER, 28 – 31

2022

JANUARY, 13 – 16

JANUARY, 17 – 23

WOOD TAIWAN 2022

Taipei, Taiwan

APRIL, 28 – MAY, 01

MAY, 26 – 28

Photo: Thomas Tucker / Unsplash

SEPTEMBER, 25 – 28

China International Furniture

Fair (Shanghai) 2021

Shanghai, China

OCTOBER, 07 – 10

Mokkiten Japan 2021

Nagoya, Japan

imm Cologne 2022

Cologne, Germany

ZOW 2022

Bad Salzuflen, Germany

Photo: marco czollmann / Unsplash

Hanoi Wood 2022

Hanoi, Vietnam

FEBRUARY, 08 – 10 MAY, 25 – 27

DOMOTEX Asia / CHINAFLOOR 2022

Shanghai, China

Photo: tron le / Unsplash

MARCH, 02 – 05

JUNE, 01 – 03

Carrefour International du Bois

Nantes, France

ASEAN Super 8

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Cairo WoodShow 2021

Cairo, Egypt

MyanmarWood 2021

Yangon, Myanmar

NOVEMBER, 01 – 30

DECEMBER, 09 – 12

DECEMBER, 10 – 13

Photo: Sora Yamagake / Unsplash

Photo: Azlan Baharudin / Unsplash

BIFA Wood Vietnam 2022

Binh Duong, Vietnam

MARCH, 18 – 21

China International Furniture

Fair (Guangzhou) 2022, Phase 1

Guangzhou, China

MARCH, 28 – 31

China International Furniture

Fair (Guangzhou) 2022, Phase 2

Guangzhou, China

MARCH, 29 – APRIL, 01

HOLZ-HANDWERK 2022

Nuremberg, Germany

SEPTEMBER, 21 – 24

IFMAC & WOODMAC 2021

Jakarta, Indonesia

OCTOBER, 12 – 15

33.BI-MU / XYLEXPO

Milan, Italy

OCTOBER 18 – 21

VietnamWood 2022

Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam

Photo: Nusa Urbancek / Unsplash

70 Panels & Furniture Asia | September / October 2021


INDEX OF

ADVERTISERS

PANELS & FURNITURE ASIA • September / October 2021

COMPANY

American Hardwood Export Council

PAGE

IFC

Andritz (China) Ltd 5

Anthon GmbH 71

Baillie Lumber 11

Berndorf Band GmbH 17

BIFA Wood Vietnam 38

Carpenterie Metalliche Colzate Srl 15

Coohom (Hong Kong) Limited 33

Dieffenbacher GmbH 1

Electronic Wood Systems GmbH 21

FLA International - APS Media 53

Forestry Innovation Investment Ltd 49

Global Timber Asia Sdn Bhd 27

Homag Asia Pte Ltd

FC

IMAL SRL 13

IMEAS spa 61

Interzum Guangzhou 2022 69

Jiangsu Baolong Electromechanical Mfg Co Ltd 65

Koocut Cutting Technology (Sichuan) Co Ltd 72

Kuang Yung Machinery Co., Ltd 63

Ledinek Engineering d.o.o. 45

Lensaya Industriya Journal 52

LEUCO Ledermann GmbH & Co KG 37

Malaysian Timber Council 51

Nanxing Machinery Co., Ltd 2,3

Northwest Hardwoods 9

Panels & Furniture Asia 22

PEFC International 41

Plytec Oy 57

Quebec Wood Export Bureau (QWEB) 6, 7

Softwood Export Council

Technik Associates, Inc

OBC

IBC

Teknos (M) Sdn Bhd 31

Weitmann & Konrad GmbH & Co KG 23

Yalian Machinery Co., Ltd 19

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