The Trumpet Newspaper Issue 554 (September 22 - October 5 2021) - USA Edition


Prison mass rape


Africans now have a voice... Founded in 1995

V O L 27 N O 554 S E P T E M B E R 22 - OCTOBER 5 2021




appeal 20

years after


found in


Twenty years after the torso of a

young boy was found in the

River Thames, detectives are

calling on the public to come forward

with any information that may help them

solve his murder.

Investigating officers believe that

over the past two decades relationships

and allegiances may have changed and

are specifically reaching out to people

whose connection or association with

someone has now ended. Officers urge

those who may have felt uncomfortable

speaking to the police in the past to “be

bold” and come forward.

On Friday, 21 September 2001 at

16:00hrs, a young boy’s torso was found

in the River Thames near Tower Bridge

by a member of the public. Police were

called and a marine support unit

recovered his body. He was named

‘Adam’ by police officers - his identity

is still unknown.

Forensics revealed that the little boy

would have been five or six years old

and was from Nigeria – it is believed he

was trafficked into the UK, possibly via

Germany. His head and limbs had been

severed from his body which was

clothed in a pair of orange shorts. The

cause of death was declared as a violent

trauma to the neck area. It is believed his

death may have been a ritualistic killing.

Over the past two decades officers

have regularly reviewed the case. This

has included conducting local and

international enquiries and police

continue to explore forensic

opportunities in light of technologies

that are now available. The inquiry has

also included comprehensive checks on

all UK missing people and extensive

inquiries in London, other parts of the

UK and abroad, including South Africa,

Holland, Germany and Nigeria.

Despite these efforts and numerous

high-profile appeals over the years,

including an appeal by Nelson Mandela

to all the African communities across the

world to help police, the case remains

unsolved. Detectives are continuing in

Continued on Page 13>

Mass rapes at Kasapa Central Prison

New findings from DR Congo’s




Democratic Republic of

Congo (DRC)

authorities have made

no apparent progress

investigating the September

2020 prison riot at Kasapa

Central Prison in Lubumbashi,

Human Rights Watch has said.

For three days, inmates

repeatedly raped several dozen

female detainees, including a

teenage girl.

The authorities should

provide survivors with

adequate medical care and

mental health support. They

should credibly and impartially

investigate the incident,

including officials who ignored

repeated warnings of the

impending riot, and fairly

prosecute those responsible for


“Congolese authorities

should meaningfully

investigate and act on the three

days of rampage and mass rape

at Kasapa prison to punish

those responsible and prevent

further breakdowns of the

prison system,” said , Senior

Continued on Page 2>

Page2 TheTrumpet SEPTEMBER 22 - OCTOBER 5 2021


New findings from DR Congo’s

Prison mass rape

Continued from Page 1<

Congo Researcher at Human Rights

Watch. “Almost a year on, rape

survivors are still awaiting adequate

medical care and help as they face

trauma and stigma.”

The riot started on September 25,

when a group of 15 inmates deemed

dangerous and held separately from the

others, overpowered their only guard

and stormed through the prison. They

incited other prisoners to violence, set

several buildings on fire, and rapidly

took over the prison while staff, guards,

and security forces fled the prison.

A fire in the women’s section forced

the female detainees into the main

prison yard for three days without

protection, shelter, food, water, or safe

access to toilet facilities. Male inmates

burned all the women’s belongings and

imposed a climate of fear. “For fear of

being raped, we wouldn’t even go wash

ourselves,” said a female survivor, 38.

On September 28, a group of

prisoners handed over more than 40

inmates – including those who allegedly

led the unrest – to security forces, who

then re-entered the prison. Although the

provincial police chief urged the

authorities Kasapa prison, which by

then was in ruins, only about 200

prisoners out of a total of about 2,000

were subsequently transferred to other


From December 2020 to April 2021,

Human Rights Watch interviewed 42

people, including 14 female survivors of

the unrest, as well as male inmates,

medical and aid workers, local activists,

prison and judicial staff, and United

Nations staff in Lubumbashi and

Kinshasa, the capital. Human Rights

Watch conducted field research at

Kasapa prison in March.

Human Rights Watch reviewed an

internal UN report that found that

security forces shot and killed at least 20

inmates, including at least 7 who may

have been extrajudicially executed

while they were trying to escape

through a dugout tunnel. One prison

guard also died from injuries sustained

during the riot.

Four August 2020 letters signed by

prison officials and addressed to

provincial authorities warned about

insecurity in the prison and requested

the transfer of a group of “very

dangerous inmates.” Prison officials

said that the letters went unanswered.

Warnings of an imminent plot involving

the same group were also ignored five

days before the riot and again just hours

before it started, prison officials said.

Of the 56 female detainees in the

prison, 37 women and a teenage girl

testified to Lubumbashi’s public

prosecutor that male inmates had raped

them. Human Rights Watch interviewed

13 of the detainees who said they had

been sexually assaulted or raped. Prison

staff, UN officials, and local human

rights activists told Human Rights

Watch that the majority of female

inmates, and possibly all, were raped

but some of them did not report the

rapes to the prosecutor for fear of the

stigma associated with sexual assault.

There were also credible reports of rape

of six men and boys.

Some survivors said they were gang

raped or were raped several times by

different men during the three days of

unrest. They said that the women who

resisted were often beaten or hit with

sharp tools and weapons. “Three young

men came toward me with machetes and

knives … and took me behind the block,

threatening to cut my head off if I

resisted,” said a 37-year-old detainee.

“All three of them came on top of me,

and when I tried to resist, one hit me

with a machete, injuring me above my


Several sources described an attack

in which numerous inmates raped a

woman visiting a prisoner the day the

riot started, and penetrated her with

sharp objects. Interviewees said that two

other female visitors and a female police

officer were raped. During the unrest

there were also violent clashes between

rival groups of inmates over the prison’s

informal control system.

Medical statistics from the unrest

viewed by Human Rights Watch stated

that at least seven detainees, including a

16-year-old girl, became pregnant, most

likely as a result of being raped during

the unrest. A number had newly

contracted HIV/AIDS and other

sexually transmitted infections.

After the riot, the authorities failed

to provide survivors with timely and

adequate post-rape care, such as medical

care for physical injuries, emergency

contraception against pregnancy, HIV

post-exposure prophylaxis and

medication to prevent other sexually

transmitted infections, as well as

counselling support, Human Rights

Watch said. Despite alerts from local

activists, provincial authorities did not

send a medical team to Kasapa prison to

attend to sexual violence survivors until

December 1, two days after Radio

France Internationale (RFI) on the


A Non-Governmental group

provided some post-rape care on

September 30, but beyond the 72-hour

required window, and due to the lack of

stock, only half of the women detainees

benefited from it. Others were only

given antibiotics. For at least two weeks

after the riot, all the female detainees

slept in the open, in one of the prison

churches whose roof had collapsed

during the fire.

Between December 2 and 16, the

humanitarian organization - Médecins

Sans Frontières (Doctors Without

Borders, MSF) set up a temporary clinic

inside the prison to treat rape survivors.

The Haut-Katanga Provincial Governor,


at Isoko



Jacques Kyabula, confirmed in a letter

to Human Rights Watch that an

investigation into the rapes was

ongoing. He did not respond to inquiries

about the unheeded warnings or the

factors that led to the three-day riot at

the prison.

The failure to meaningfully

investigate the Kasapa prison riot is

emblematic of the government’s

longstanding neglect of Congolese

prisons and the people held in them,”

Fessy said. “Congo’s government needs

to adopt measures to uphold the dignity

and security of the inmates and ensure

that everyone, particularly women and

girls, is protected from sexual violence.”

Kasapa Central Prison

Kasapa Central Prison, built in 1958,

has a capacity of 800 inmates. At the

time of the riot, the prison’s population

was nearly 2,000, including 56 women

and 53 children, according to prison

authorities. As many as 81 percent of all

inmates were still in pretrial detention

and among the women, only five had

Continued on Page 8<

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SEPTEMBER 22 - OCTOBER 5 2021 TheTrumpet


Page6 TheTrumpet SEPTEMBER 22 - OCTOBER 5 2021

SEPTEMBER 22 - OCTOBER 5 2021 TheTrumpet


Page8 TheTrumpet SEPTEMBER 22 - OCTOBER 5 2021


New findings from DR Congo’s

Prison mass rape

Continued from Page 2<

been convicted. Contrary to both and

international human rights law, Kasapa

prison houses inmates from both

civilian and military jurisdictions, and it

mixes detainees awaiting trial with

convicted prisoners.

Poor hygiene and sanitation,

inadequate food supplies and health

care, , weak security, violence, and a

lack of gender-sensitive rehabilitation

services, including sexual and

reproductive health for women, mirror

across the country.

Under international law, government

authorities have a duty of care for

people in prisons, including an

obligation to protect their rights to life,

health, safety, and security. The African

Commission on Human and Peoples’

Rights in its 1995 , calls on African

countries to conform to the

“international norms and standards for

the protection of the human rights of

prisoners.” The (the Mandela Rules)

state that prisoners are to be treated with

dignity and have prompt access to

medical attention, and that women be

held in entirely separate premises.

Under the for the treatment of women

prisoners, governments also have an

obligation to ensure services that

respond to the particular needs of

women and children, including genderspecific

healthcare services at least

equivalent to those available in the

community. The African Commission

on Human and Peoples’ Rights and the

International Covenant on Civil and

Political Rights governments to

investigate and appropriately punish

those responsible for abuses against

people in custody, including sexual and

gender-based violence, and provide

reparations for victims.

Unheeded Warnings

Human Rights Watch found that

provincial military and civilian

authorities had been repeatedly warned

about insecurity and the threat posed by

certain inmates at Kasapa Central

Prison. Sources both inside and outside

the prison said that tensions had been

simmering for months with rival gangs

of prisoners engaged in a power

struggle. Security and order in the

prison rely on a “kapita” system, in

which prison authorities informally cede

to prisoners some administrative and

disciplinary powers. The head kapita is

generally supported by two deputies.

Rivalries for control escalated

throughout 2020.

In letters on August 4, 19, and 25, the

Penitentiary Inspector commanding

Kasapa’s military section alerted senior

military magistrates and Penitentiary

officials in both Lubumbashi and

Kinshasa about ongoing “security

instability” within the prison. He

requested the transfer of “11 very

dangerous inmates” to a high-security

detention center to address the problem.

The prisoners, who had been convicted

for criminal conspiracy, illegal

possession of weapons of war, and

insurrection, were “trying to escape at

all costs,” the August 25 letter read.

On August 29 the Prison Director,

Pelar Ilunga, wrote to the Provincial

Interior Minister, the Provincial

Governor, and military and judicial

authorities, insisting on the need to

transfer dangerous detainees for security


None of the four letters were

answered. Officials at Kasapa prison are

not authorized to initiate prison


Ilunga confirmed that on September

21, other prisoners informed him that a

group of convicts were planning to

escape. He said that he alerted the

Provincial Interior Minister via text

messages. On September 25, the same

group was caught plotting a prison

break that included burning mattresses

and stealing weapons from police

Congested prisons in DR Congo (March 2020)

guards, a prison clerk said. Ilunga

placed the 15 prisoners in a separate

confinement cell, adding that he passed

this information to provincial

authorities. The group included the 11

mentioned in the August 25 letter,

according to the Inspector commanding

Kasapa’s military section.

The Riot

On September 25 at about 4pm, the

15 prisoners who had been placed in a

disciplinary cell just hours earlier,

overpowered their sole guard and

escaped. As they stormed through the

prison, more inmates joined them as

they stole field tools such as machetes,

spades, and hoes from a storage facility

to use as weapons. Rioters then set the

administration building on fire, looted

the clinic and a food depot, and burned

both structures as well.

Amid the chaos, guards, who are

unarmed, fled the premises while some

prison staff were trapped in offices.

The military section Commander

entered the prison around 5pm with

armed police. They rescued trapped

prison staff, including the Commander’s

deputy who had been severely beaten

and later died from his injuries, and

female guards who were hiding in the

women’s quarters.

Prisoners confirmed that security

forces used teargas to force inmates

back into their cellblock but were

unable to keep them inside. Inmates

retaliated, burning more sections of the


Ilunga arrived on site around 6pm,

shortly after the police and military

reinforcements. The kapita and his

deputies were taken to safety outside the

prison and, being prisoners themselves,

were held in a cell at the Prosecutor’s

office in Lubumbashi until order was

restored at the prison. At least two

women detainees told Human Rights

Watch that they had begged the Prison

Director to take them to safety outside

the prison, but that he and the security

force personnel refused. “We were

crying but [the Prison Director] said he

couldn’t take us out of the prison

because some women were convicted

for murder,” one woman said. Ilunga

told Human Rights Watch that he did

not have the logistical means to

evacuate the women’s section.

As the unrest grew in intensity,

security forces and prison officials

turned off power and shut the prison

gates behind them, effectively leaving

Continued on Page 11




Empowering young Africa girls through



African girl coders are taking the lead

in ensuring gender equity and balance

in technology on the continent, a field

majorly dominated by their male


Through Connected African Girls Coding

Camp initiative, a joint programme of the UN

Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) in

collaboration with UN Women and the

International Telecommunication Union

(ITU), young girls are applying their coding

skills that include Animation, Gaming, Turtles

stitch, artificial intelligence, robotics and

internet of things they acquire through the

program training.

The initiative has held training camps for

African girls from across the continent in

Ethiopia and Cameroon. The aim is to bridge

the 23% digital divide between men and

women on the continent.

Theresa John, 21, a University student

from Tanzania is a beneficiary of the coding

camps. With the skills she acquired on

animation, she said she is creating awareness

and encouraging girls in her community to

pursue technology.

“Whenever I am working on an animation

a project, I have to involve the girls from my

village so that they can see what I am doing

and the results of it. This way they get

interested in technology and see that it can be

done,” said Theresa.

“With my skills on coding I am able to

show them that technology is very useful and

important, and it applies to real situations in

the world. It is a tool to empower young

people and create employment.”

She says with the little money she makes

from her projects she is able to take care of

expenses at the university and pay for her


However, the biggest challenge for

Theresa is the fact that she has to use on

laptop for a bigger group and access to the

internet is limited.

Fatou Ndiaye from Senegal who is also a

beneficiary of the coding camp attended the

recent camp in Cameroon online. She

showcased her online e-shop that she uses to

sell clothing and bags online.

“Through my programming skills I was

able to create the e-commerce shop by myself

where I sell my products and I am able to

reach most people including those far away

from my town,” she said adding that the idea

of an online shop came up after she attended

the coding camp.

“Most young people have embraced

online shopping because it saves time and

gives you access to a variety of products

faster. This is where the world is headed and

as African girls, we should not be left


The Connected African Girls Coding

Camp Initiative is expected to reach more

girls through more coding camps by 2022.

This is in line with the United Nations

Sustainable development goal (SDG) 5 on


gender equity and SDG4 on education and

skills development

In December 2020, the programme

brought together over 3000 girls aged 17 – 25

from 32 African countries at the first coding

camp. By 2022, 14 coding camps are

expected to be organized to increase

significantly the number of girls across


Jean-Paul Adam, ECA’s Director for

Technology, Climate Change and Natural

Resources Management, says to promote

gender equity and ensure more girls take up

technology, it is important to create platforms

for women to collaborate and share their

knowledge on coding. This will tremendously

have an impact on the economic growth.

“Women can challenge the existing

stereotypes on science, technology and

innovation if given an opportunity and the

right platform to showcase their skills.”

He said although the percentage of

women in the labor force has over the years

gradually increased, it remains significantly

lower in the technology sector.

The significant lack of connectivity for

women is undermining their capacity to reach

their economic potential. A situation that

urgently needs to be addressed,” said Mr


Letty Chiwara, UN Women

Representative to Ethiopia, the Africa Union

Commission and the ECA, said Girls face

discrimination in the sector because computer

science has always been seen as a course for

boys, not girls. Therefore, boosting women’s

digital literacy today would have far-reaching

inter-generational implications.

“Women are uniquely suited to prepare

younger generations to participate in the

digital economy, a reason why government

should empower more women in the fields of

science and technology,” she said.

The third coding boot camp was held

Buea, Douala and Yaounde in Cameroon,

where about 8500 young females aged

between 12 and 25 from all over Africa


ECA is organizing the next Connected

African Girls Coding Camp initiative in

Guinea in November. There is also an

Innovation Fair scheduled for September in

Cameroon where the girls can showcase their

projects and win prizes.

Could you reduce your meat consumption?

By Dr Helen Flaherty

every week? Try searching online or in

cookbooks for meat-free recipes. You can

also get some inspiration by visiting:

which help to keep your heart healthy.

Many red and processed meats are

high in saturated fat. Too much

saturated fat in the diet can raise

the amount of LDL cholesterol in the blood.

The NHS recommends a daily meat intake

of no more than 70g. Reducing your intake

of red and processed meats will not only

benefit your health, but it is also good for

the environment.

We have some tips to help you reduce

your red and processed meat consumption.

What are red, white and processed


Red meat includes beef, lamb and pork

and it tends to be higher in saturated fat.

White meat, such as chicken and turkey are

lower in total fat and saturated fat.

Processed meat includes smoked, cured and

preserved meats, such as bacon, salami,

sausages and ham.

Take a break from red and processed

meat every week

Don’t feel pressured to cut out all meat

from your diet. If you tend to eat red and/or

processed meat most days, why not

challenge yourself to one meat-free day

Switch to white meat or fish

If you cook with a lot of red and

processed meat, or if steak is your usual

option when eating out, try switching to

chicken, turkey or fish instead. This will

help to reduce your saturated fat intake.

Aim to eat two portions of fish every week,

one of which should be an oily fish. Oily

fish, such as salmon, sardines, and

mackerel, contain omega-3 fatty acids

Try some vegetarian alternatives

Meat substitutes, such as vegetarian

sausages, mince and burgers are lower in

saturated fat than equivalent meat products.

Keep an eye on food labels as some meat

substitutes are high in calories and salt. If

you’re not a fan of ‘fake meat’ you could

try products made with beans, pulses, and

nuts as these are all good sources of protein.

· Dr Helen Flaherty is the Head of

Health Promotion at Heart Research UK

Page10 TheTrumpet SEPTEMBER 22 - OCTOBER 5 2021

· #YouCanAdopt is a nationwide adopter

recruitment campaign, which, aims to

raise awareness of adoption and tackle

myths around who is eligible to adopt

· Black, Asian and Mixed Ethnicity

children wait longer to be placed for

adoption than their White counterparts,

with fewer than 5% of adopters in

England coming from a Black, Asian or

Minority Ethnic background

· New film features Black adoptive

parents sharing their experiences

alongside a social worker explaining

the adoption process


#YouCanAdopt: Adoptive parents

share experiences in lead up to Black

History Month

With Black, Asian and Mixed

Ethnicity children waiting

longer to be placed for adoption

than their White counterparts, and fewer

than 5% of adopters in England coming

from a Black, Asian or Minority Ethnic

background, the #YouCanAdopt campaign

has relaunched to acknowledge and

celebrate adopters from the Black

community while encouraging more

people to consider adoption.

Despite the large majority of Black

people having positive and altruistic views

towards adoption, there are still a number

of barriers and misconceptions that can

prevent people from taking the next step.

This includes concerns around inadequate

finances or housing, being considered too

old, and worries about marital status (being

single or unmarried).

However, motivations regarding

adoption are overwhelmingly positive

among the Black community, and an

increasing number of people successfully

tackle these myths and provide children

with a loving, safe, and stable home.

In the lead up to Black History Month,

a new film released by the #YouCanAdopt

campaign celebrates adopters from the

Black community talking about their

journey and their thoughts on why more

Black people should adopt Black or

Mixed-heritage children.

The film highlights the importance of

Black children having Black role models

they can look up to, who’ll guide them

through life. Jacqui, who adopted her

daughter as a single parent, says “Mervielle

came to me really needing a family to love

her, and that’s what we did. When you’ve

got a young Black person growing up, they

need to understand how to be able to

navigate through society, and who better to

help and support these young people than

us, who’ve already been through it?”

Azumah, who adopted her son Kwame

in her 50s following unsuccessful IVF

treatment and a hysterectomy, says “The

best thing about adopting for us is that we

now have this giggling, singing child

running around the house. He is a happy

and affectionate young boy who brings us

great joy. I feel very proud being his mum

and am thankful for this wonderful


Pearl, who was already a mother to

twin boys when she decided to adopt her

daughter, says, “There are hundreds of

thousands of Black and mixed-heritage

children in the social care system in need of

a family. I urge people in my community

to step forward and make a difference. The

rewards are plenty. Adopting my daughter

was one of the best things I have ever

done.” She explains. “I always tell my

daughter, I didn’t push you out of my

stomach - I pushed you out of my heart.”

Amara, Pearl’s adopted daughter, is

now at University studying International

Business and Mandarin. “My parents were

always open about my adoption, and from

an early age would constantly reassure me

that it was nothing to be ashamed of,” says

Amara. “They would encourage me to ask

questions whenever I felt confused, low, or

just wanted to learn more about my

adoption journey. Being so transparent

with my family really strengthened our

relationship, and I grew up feeling wanted,

loved and secure.”

Sherifa, who has worked in social care

since 2003, highlights that since 2014, the

adoption process has become easier and

shorter and is now split into a two-stage

process that spans across six months.

Though this may still seem like a long time

for some, Sherifa explains that the process

is worth it. “Adoption is a route to

parenthood, and as a Social Work

practitioner, nothing gives me more joy

than seeing the lives of children

transformed for the better despite obstacles

and an adverse start in life.”

There are children all over England

who are looking for loving parents and

homes. For Black children, who are

overrepresented in the care system, this is

even more true. The adoption process is

now simpler and quicker than ever before

and there is a lot more support available,

with over three quarters of adoptive parents

finding resources helpful.

The #YouCanAdopt campaign is being

delivered from a cross-sector of Regional

Adoption Agencies, Voluntary Adoption

Agencies and other key stakeholders

around adoption in England and is

supported by the Department for

Education. The campaign aims to ensure

people have the correct information about

adoption and do not rule themselves out

based on false beliefs and assumptions.

For more information, please visit


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New findings from DR Congo’s

Prison mass rape

Continued from Page 8<

inmates in control of the prison.

Three days later, on September 28, a

group of prisoners eventually put down

the unrest and took control. They

detained at least 40 inmates, including

those who allegedly led the riot, tied

them up, and handed them over to

security forces.

On October 7, the Haut-Katanga

province police chief, Gen. Louis

Segond Karawa, that Kasapa prison

should be entirely emptied because it

did not meet any security standards

following the violent events. Karawa

said: “We have nearly 60 women

inmates [at Kasapa] and juveniles who

are vulnerable; one sees what happens

if we leave them among all these men

and criminals. I demand that we transfer

everyone [somewhere else] while we

see how to rebuild this prison because

in its current state, we can’t even

refurbish it.”

In the two weeks that followed the

uprising, about 200 inmates were

transferred to Likasi’s Buluo prison. On

October 15, five convicted women were

transferred to Boma prison, also in

Likasi. Fifty soldiers have since been

assigned to securing Kasapa prisons

outside perimeter.

Sexual Violence

Over the course of three days, female

detainees were repeatedly raped,

sometimes by several male inmates

taking turns, and at least one woman

was penetrated with objects. Once the

female prison section had been set on

fire, the female detainees called for help

to escape. Shortly after, the rapes began

and continued while the female

detainees slept in the prison yard.

Ruth, 28, who like all survivors

quoted is identified by a pseudonym to

protect her safety, said that several men

raped her on the first and second nights

of the riot: “It was around 11pm each

time. There were so many of them that I

can’t tell you the exact number. They

rushed over me, each of them wanted to

take their turn.”

Inmates carrying sticks and knives

would choose women detainees in the

yard and rape them either on the spot or

in a more isolated corner. Amina, 38,

said: “I went to urinate in the gutter

when men came up to me and grabbed

me by force. There were many of them,

with machetes, iron bars, and knives …

They had me walk to the back garden

and raped me there.”

Francine, 34, was carrying her

newborn baby on her back and taking

care of her three-year-old daughter

when prisoners assaulted her and two

other women. “It was on the first night;

three men came for my daughter, but I

protected her,” she said. “They took me

instead, with two other women; my

baby fell off my back and they raped the

three of us. They told us not to look at

them or they would hit us.”

Some women said that more than 10

inmates raped them on the first night.

that they were raped by five, ten, or up

to twenty inmates. If a woman resisted,

the men would call others to come and

rape them to punish them, according to

a UN report.

In some cases, male inmates forced

women to strip naked and protest in

front of the prison gates to demand the

release of prisoners.

Human Rights Watch received

credible reports of up to six cases of

prisoners raping male inmates but could

not speak directly with any male

survivors. At least six teenage boys,

ages 14 to 17, may have also been raped

by male inmates, according to the UN,

but Human Rights Watch could not

corroborate the allegations.

Physical and Psychological


Women detainees said that staying

on prison grounds where they had

endured sexual violence forced them to

constantly relive their horrific ordeal.

Several survivors reported symptoms

consistent with post-traumatic stress,

including nightmares, insomnia, and

persistent feelings of fear.

Ruth described her symptoms: “I

have nightmares here and I can hardly

sleep. I have insomnia and I have a

constant pain in my stomach. We have

to get out of here. How can they leave

us here after all that has happened? I

was in good health when I first arrived

in prison. Who is going to take

responsibility for what happened to me?

We haven’t had good care, and we don’t

even get medicine anymore. We need to

see doctors and get good treatment.”

Bibiche, 43, whose husband is also

held at Kasapa prison, said inmates

groped her multiple times and punched

her in the stomach. She said she was still

suffering from abdominal pain at the

time Human Rights Watch interviewed

her in March 2021.

In his June 23 letter to Human Rights

Watch, Kyabula, the Provincial

Governor, said that the provincial

government “responds regularly and

promptly to the requests of needs from

[Kasapa prison’s] Director and the

medical center’s Chief Doctor.”

However, rape survivors did not receive

timely and adequate medical care. A

local non-governmental organization

provided emergency care to some of the

women detainees on September 30,

2020, five days after the first rape cases,

making post-rape treatments ineffective

to prevent HIV infection and unwanted

pregnancy. Moreover, only half of the

women benefited from the treatment

due to lack of stock; others were only

given antibiotics.

Provincial authorities did not

provide the prison with basic first aid

kits and medication before late October,

multiple sources said. Survivors of

sexual violence received no medical

treatment or counselling for two

months, until a medical team was

eventually deployed on December 1.

The next day, MSF a medical tent on

the prison grounds, treated all women

and provided them with psychological

support until December 16. Authorities

have not provided any follow-up

medical or psychosocial support to the

rape survivors since that date. Human

Rights Watch is not aware of any

medical assistance provided to male

survivors of sexual violence.

Bernadette, 30, said she was raped

twice during the riot. She had an

unplanned pregnancy as a result but

miscarried. She was released from

prison in late February 2021 and

described her continuing physical pain:

“When I wash, my body tingles and I

have vertigo. I contracted diseases and

infections because of the rape and the

conditions in prison. I still have

abdominal pain since I’ve been freed

but I can’t afford an ultrasound.”

Stigma and Rejection

Stigma and rejection are significant

barriers for women and girls from

Kasapa Central Prison in disclosing rape

or seeking help. Some survivors said

they fear their husbands or partners

would abandon them if they disclosed

they had been raped. Others said they

feared family members would blame

them, or that community members

would publicly taunt them.

Micheline said she lied to her

husband: “A group of four boys came up

to me, they took me behind the storage

facility. I was crying, begging them to

let me go. I told them they could have

been my children, [three] then stopped

but one of them still raped me. When

my husband asked me what they had

done to me, I lied to him and told him

that they beat me. I can’t tell him that I

was raped, otherwise my marriage will


Henriette, 47, said her husband

stopped visiting her after he found out

she was raped. She explained that his

church eventually convinced him to

visit her, but he warned that she would

need to pay a “fine” to return home once

released according to his customs.

One of the detainees who was freed

in recent months, Josephine, 54, said she

was not able to tell her husband that she

was raped and had contracted HIV: “If I

tell my husband that I was raped and I

got HIV, he will kick me out, and where

am I going to go? I will be in the streets.

I can’t even tell my children … My life

is now wasted, my marriage and the

future of my children, too.”

Absence of Justice

On September 29, 2020,

Lubumbashi’s Public Prosecutor opened

an investigation into the rapes. Thirtyseven

women detainees and a 17-yearold

girl testified during the Public

Prosecutor’s investigation that they had

been raped.

In an October 5 letter that Human

Rights Watch has seen, the Prosecutor

requested a medical examination of

sexual violence survivors by one of

Lubumbashi’s main hospitals. However,

despite this request and a second one in

late November, hospital authorities

failed to comply. Human Rights Watch

contacted the hospital’s Director by

phone in April, but the Director would

not answer questions.

Between October and December,

investigators interviewed 38 female

detainees at Kasapa prison. In January

2021, investigators went to Likasi and

interviewed three convicted women

who had been transferred to Boma

prison. They also interviewed four of

the alleged riot leaders who had been

transferred to Buluo prison. On June 23,

investigators returned to Buluo prison to

interview ten prisoners alleged to have

committed rape, and confronted them

with three survivors. Investigators say

they lack logistical support to plan a

new round of interviews.

The military prosecutor interviewed

all prison officials, according to

Kasapa’s military section commander.

However, Human Rights Watch has

found no evidence that any investigation

was taking place into the security

failings that enabled the September riot

to occur.

Page12 TheTrumpet SEPTEMBER 22 - OCTOBER 5 2021

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About Us

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international media organisation with

various media products, services and

events targeting Africa, Africans and Friends

of Africa in the Diaspora and on the


Its first media venture - Trumpet Newspaper

started 23 years ago - in 1995, closely

followed by the founding of the prestigious

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Introductory Offer - Join the programme

by 31 August 2018 and accumulate sales

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UK Parliamentarians meet

Nigerian Diaspora




Members of Parliament (MPs) in

the United Kingdom have

hosted a workshop with

members of the Nigerian diaspora in

Peckham in London’s Borough of


The House of Commons’ Foreign

Affairs Committee hosted the workshop

as part of the Committee’s parliamentary

inquiry into the relationship between the

UK and Nigeria. The purpose of the

session was to hear from those with ties

to both Nigeria and Britain.

Foreign Affairs Committee Chair -

Tom Tugendhat MP, led the workshop,

alongside another Committee Member:

Bermondsey and Old Southwark MP -

Neil Coyle.

Southwark includes one of the largest

Nigeria diaspora populations in the UK.

MPs broke off into groups with

attendees, with each group focusing on a

different topic, such as Nigerian SME

businesses and trade, education, and

security and governance. The discussion

groups then fed their conclusions back to

the wider group.

Tom Tugendhat MP, said: “The

Nigerian community is a growing

community with interests that we share.

You, the diaspora, act as a living bridge

between our two communities, the UK

and Nigeria.

“During the course of this inquiry we

have been reminded of the creativity and

innovation generated from Nigeria and its

diaspora. Some of us have personally

experienced the warmth of your culture

both in the UK and in Nigeria and for

others of us, this is a new experience.

“We want to hear from you who know

it best. We know Nigeria faces challenges

as well as opportunities. We want to hear

what these are and how the UK

Government should partner with Nigeria

in the coming years.”

After the session, Neil Coyle MP,

said: “Hearing from members of the

Nigerian diaspora has been invaluable,

and the conversations had today will play

an important role in shaping our inquiry.

The Nigerian diaspora possess a wealth

of knowledge and a richness of

Southwark session

understanding that can only be gained

through lived experience.

“I would like to thank the Southwark

Nigeria community for deputising for

Lagos. Nigeria and the UK already share

close bonds, but from today’s session it

is clear that the UK can do more to

support Nigerians, and to enable our

countries to work closely together.”

Police renew appeal

20 years after torso

Tel: +44 (0) 7956 385 604

found in Thames

Continued from Page 1<

His torso was clothed in a pair of orange shorts

their efforts to identify those responsible for

this murder of a young child and ask

anyone with information that could assist

them to come forward.

Detective Chief Inspector Kate Kieran,

a homicide detective from the Met’s

Specialist Crime Command, said: “It is

incredibly sad and frustrating that Adam’s

murder remains unsolved. The Homicide

Command has been working tirelessly over

the years to find out who is responsible.

“We recognise people may not have

wanted to speak up at the time and may

have felt loyal to the person or people

involved in this.

“However, over the past 20 years,

allegiances and relationships may have

changed and some people may now feel

more comfortable talking to us. We implore

them be bold and come forward if they

know something, so that we can finally

deliver justice once and for all.

“No matter how old or small that

information may seem, it really could make

all the difference.

“This young boy has not and will not be

forgotten. He deserved better and we will

not give up on him.”

A woman was previously arrested on

suspicion of murder, she was later bailed

and released with no further action. A man

was previously arrested and interviewed in

connection with the possible trafficking of

Adam into the UK. He was later bailed and

released with no further action. Another

man was also arrested and interviewed on

suspicion of alleged trafficking offences.

He was later bailed and released with no

further action.

Anyone with information relating this

case should contact police on 101, Tweet

@MetCC or call Crimestoppers

anonymously on 0800 555 111.

Page14 TheTrumpet SEPTEMBER 22 - OCTOBER 5 2021

We are recruiting:

Independent Sales Consultants

Trumpet Media Group - an

international media

organisation targeting Africa,

Africans and Friends of Africa

in the Diaspora and on the

Continent was founded 24

years ago - in 1995.

Our growth has given rise to the need to engage the services

of self-employed Independent Sales Consultants and

organisations to sell some (or all) of our growing number of

products and services on a Commission-only basis.

The Opportunities

Opportunities to earn revenue through Commissions are

currently available by way of:

· Sale of Subscriptions to our Print Newspapers.

· Distribution and Sales of bulk copies our Newspapers.

· Sale of Advertising Spaces in our Print Newspapers.

· Sale of Banner Adverts on Website.

· Sale of Banner Adverts, ‘Highlights’ and Mail-shots in Email


· Sale of Advertising posts on our Social Media channels.

· Sale of Sponsorship, Advertising, Exhibition spaces and

Tickets for GAB Awards and other events.

To apply, please email:

SEPTEMBER 22 - OCTOBER 5 2021 TheTrumpet


Page16 TheTrumpet SEPTEMBER 22 - OCTOBER 5 2021

TheTrumpet is published in London fortnightly by Trumpet

Field: 07956 385 604 E-mail: (ISSN: 1477-3392)

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