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<strong>Inside</strong><br />

Leading the way in Nuclear Information and Records Management<br />

magazine<br />

The Gang’s All Here!<br />

Visit us at: <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong>’s 45th Anniversary Conference Edition<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong> Conference,<br />

Records Managers,<br />

and the<br />

Pandemic,<br />

nextScan<br />

It’s an Exciting<br />

Time for <strong>NIRMA</strong>!<br />

Messages from<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong>’s President<br />

& Vice-President<br />

Optimize Business<br />

Processes with Tech-<br />

Enabled Outsourcing,<br />

iBridge<br />

Scenes from the<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong><br />

Conference<br />

Issue # 12, <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong>

Contents<br />

<strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong><br />

4<br />

6<br />

9<br />

13<br />

Message from the President; It’s an Exciting Time for <strong>NIRMA</strong>!<br />

By Janice Hoerber, Ameren<br />

News from the Vice-President<br />

By Bruce Walters, AECOM<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong> Conference, Records Managers, and the Pandemic<br />

By Matt Anderson, Vice President of Marketing, nextScan<br />

Optimize Business Processes with Tech-Enabled Outsourcing<br />

By Desh Urs, CEO and President, iBridge LLC<br />

14<br />

17<br />

20<br />

22<br />

24<br />

27<br />

Reducing Cost and Risks when Digitizing<br />

Micrographic Collections<br />

By Manual Bulwa, Integrated Scanning of America/ISAUSA<br />

Choosing a Records Management Solution that Fits<br />

Your Needs<br />

By Kaycee Jaeger, e-ImageData Marketing Director<br />

Lifetime Member Profile: Meet Frank Kocsis III, CRM/<br />

NS<br />

From the CRM: Wait, What did I do?<br />

By Andy McGavin, CRM, NS<br />

Chronicles of NIM: A Retrospective on Information<br />

Management in Nuclear Power<br />

By Eugene Yang, KISMET Consulting, Inc.<br />

Smartphones or Smart Use<br />

By Bob Larrivee, <strong>NIRMA</strong>’s Director of Technical Programs<br />

Attendees from <strong>NIRMA</strong>’s 45th<br />

Annual Conference briefly removed<br />

masks for a quick photo<br />

commemorating the event.<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong>’s 46th Annual Conference<br />

will be August 1-3, 2022 at the JW<br />

Marriott Resort & Spa, Las Vegas<br />

Nevada.<br />

2 <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>


<strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong><br />

in every issue<br />


PDBU NEWS—28<br />

RIMBU NEWS—29<br />

M&MBU NEWS—30<br />


Scenes from the <strong>NIRMA</strong> Conference:<br />

Speakers—5 & 7<br />

Celebration Event—11<br />

First Time Attendees—19<br />

Vendors—23<br />

Board Positions Announced—30<br />

Gil<br />

Brueckner<br />

(top photo),<br />

and Kathi<br />

Cole &<br />

Margie<br />

Janney,<br />

(bottom<br />

photo)<br />

present at<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong>’s<br />

45th Annual<br />

Conference.<br />

Check out<br />

the many<br />

Conference<br />

photos<br />

within this<br />

magazine<br />

edition.<br />

Editors<br />

Neal and Sandra Miller<br />

DevereauxInc@outlook.com<br />

Advertising<br />

Neal.F.Miller@gmail.com<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong> Headquarters<br />

Sarah Perkins<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong> Administrator<br />

245 Sunnyridge Ave., #41<br />

Fairfield, CT 06824<br />

nirma@nirma.org<br />

In addition to our own<br />

articles, <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong><br />

publishes guest articles from<br />

agencies and vendors. Please<br />

be advised that the views and<br />

opinions expressed in these<br />

articles are those of the<br />

authors and do not<br />

necessarily reflect the<br />

opinions of <strong>NIRMA</strong> or its<br />

Board of Directors.<br />

Back to Content | <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> 3

A MESSAGE From the<br />

President<br />

Janice Hoerber<br />

It’s an Exciting Time for <strong>NIRMA</strong>!<br />

W<br />

hat an engaging Conference<br />

that unfolded for the 45 th<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong> Anniversary! It<br />

was wonderful having a<br />

majority of attendance in-person to<br />

network and reminisce and to stroll<br />

through a <strong>NIRMA</strong> Memorabilia<br />

room. We also embraced<br />

technology with Webex enabling<br />

keynote presentations and discussion<br />

with attendees participating from<br />

across the nation. While other<br />

industry associations had to default<br />

to another virtual event, <strong>NIRMA</strong> has<br />

been fortunate to deliver a hybrid<br />

Conference for in-person and virtual<br />

attendance to ensure strong<br />

engagement among the membership<br />

in light of COVID-19 travel impacts.<br />

During the Conference, it<br />

became clear what an exciting time<br />

this is to be involved with <strong>NIRMA</strong>.<br />

A few of my favorite highlights:<br />

• <strong>NIRMA</strong> Lifetime Rich Giska<br />

announced the just-completed<br />

extensive revision cycle for the<br />

ANSI/<strong>NIRMA</strong> Standard CM 1.0<br />

– <strong>2021</strong> for Configuration<br />

Management<br />

• <strong>NIRMA</strong> Board Member Bob<br />

Larrivee immersed us in<br />

technologies that can eliminate<br />

manual processes today in lieu of<br />

digitally automated processes and<br />

introduced us to Spot the Robot!<br />

• Andrew Ysasi, President-Elect<br />

for the ICRM, helped re-ignite a<br />

passion for members to pursue<br />

the ICRM Certifications<br />

available, including the elite<br />

Nuclear Specialist (NS)<br />

• "Bill Gates has entered the chat!"<br />

Past <strong>NIRMA</strong> Board Member<br />

Meg Milligan asked the<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong> Board to follow up on<br />

the Bill Gates' Foundation<br />

funding of Nuclear Power for<br />

getting the world to a carbonfree<br />

future (Aug 4, <strong>2021</strong> NEI<br />

magazine.com article)<br />

The <strong>NIRMA</strong> Board of Directors is<br />

aware that the time is now to help<br />

our membership and our industry to<br />

see the future and quickly leverage<br />

the skills and solutions that are<br />

available today. At the Conference,<br />

we heard the barriers that many are<br />

experiencing:<br />

• Not everyone is "on the bus"<br />

and wants change, there are<br />

resistors and slow walkers in our<br />

workplaces<br />

• Some have<br />

tried new<br />

technology<br />

and it never<br />

made it long<br />

enough to<br />

see the<br />

savings with<br />

few people<br />

using it (i.e.<br />

Electronic<br />

Work<br />

Packages)<br />

• Paper is still very much in play –<br />

some Quality Assurance vaults<br />

are overflowing<br />

• Not all organizations have an<br />

electronic signature tool for<br />

work-from-home approvals<br />

Today, the barrier is not always<br />

funding as it once was. Now, the issue is<br />

making these things an organizational<br />

priority in our work places. We need<br />

vendor experts and All-In teams to take<br />

nuclear processes into the future with<br />

technology. <strong>NIRMA</strong> needs to bring more<br />

technology vendors to our Conference to<br />

connect the dots.<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong> intends to be on the<br />

forefront to help your organization<br />

streamline and manage information. It<br />

really is about the "I" in <strong>NIRMA</strong>.<br />

We thank our past <strong>NIRMA</strong> legacy<br />

who recognized that long ago. It is a<br />

great time to be involved in this<br />

journey!<br />

4 <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>

David Nelson, NRC presenting remotely “Transformation<br />

Initiatives around the NRC”<br />

Laura Williams, ANI presenting remotely “Records – The<br />

Nuclear Liability Perspective”<br />

Bob Larrivee facilitating the preconference<br />

Workshop, “Preparing for<br />

Information Automation”<br />

➔ “Configuration Management Panel<br />

Discussion” with Tim Fleet, Moderator with<br />

panel participants Laurent Perkins, Rich<br />

Giska, and Lona Smith<br />

“History of <strong>NIRMA</strong>” with Past Presidents & Lifetime<br />

Members, (L-R) Rich Giska (remote), Frank Kocsis, Margie<br />

Janney, Moderator Sheila Pearcy, Cheri Susner, Mary<br />

Binkholder, Michelle Smith, and Eugene Yang


Bruce Walters, CRM/NS<br />

T<br />

he <strong>2021</strong> Nuclear<br />

Information Management<br />

Conference was a big<br />

success based on survey<br />

comments. I am particularly<br />

thankful for our many keynote<br />

speakers, general session speakers,<br />

exhibitors, sponsors, marketing<br />

team, and hotel staff who helped<br />

make the conference, well, the<br />

Conference. It takes a lot of effort<br />

and support to pull off such an<br />

endeavor. Thank you all for<br />

stepping up and being a part of the<br />

conference team. And many thanks<br />

to all the attendees who participated<br />

on location at the JW Marriott or<br />

from your home/office. Your<br />

energy and insightful contributions<br />

during the conference were<br />

remarkable and made the <strong>NIRMA</strong><br />

45 th Anniversary an event to<br />

remember!<br />

You should know that I am<br />

already making plans for 2022. The<br />

Conference is locked in for August 1<br />

-3, 2022 at our favorite resort. I’m<br />

thinking of topics and speakers that<br />

would be of interest to all of us and<br />

you shared some ideas on the survey.<br />

I have reached out to a number of<br />

potential speakers already and will<br />

continue in the coming months. It's<br />

time to reflect on your career, your<br />

work experiences, what you just<br />

finished, and what YOU could share<br />

with the rest of <strong>NIRMA</strong>! I am ready<br />

to hear from you (or you may hear<br />

from me!).<br />

Speaking of the 2022 <strong>NIRMA</strong><br />

Conference, your Board of Directors<br />

met in September to discuss our<br />

<strong>2021</strong> costs and 2022 fees. Eugene<br />

Yang brought up a great point<br />

during the Annual Business Meeting<br />

about the organization’s finances.<br />

That triggered some tough<br />

discussion amongst the Board<br />

members. We are being mindful that<br />

we need to be as cost-conscious as<br />

possible because this is Association<br />

money we are spending.<br />

We have all noticed grocery<br />

prices going up all over the country<br />

and thus, the hotel meal costs have<br />

risen equally. Additionally, in a<br />

nutshell, having a virtual Conference<br />

is expensive.<br />

While we reduce<br />

the overall cost<br />

for meals of<br />

attendees<br />

because fewer of<br />

us are in-person,<br />

we have learned<br />

that we have<br />

significantly more<br />

audio/visual<br />

costs. The final<br />

numbers have<br />

not been<br />

received as I<br />

write this article,<br />

but based on<br />

projected costs, we continue to run<br />

at a deficit and are having to draw<br />

from <strong>NIRMA</strong>'s investment account<br />

to pay expenses. That is not<br />

sustainable regardless of what we<br />

charge for attendance. Our plan is<br />

to return to an in-person conference<br />

in 2022 and future years but know<br />

that COVID-19 realities are out of<br />

our control.<br />

In order for you to make<br />

budgetary plans for 2022, below are<br />

the Board-approved fees for the next<br />

Conference:<br />

Early Bird<br />

by end of July 1:<br />

$1,250<br />

Late Registration<br />

after July 1:<br />

$1,500<br />

Speaker Fee:<br />

$1,000<br />

Exhibitor Fee:<br />

$2,800<br />

The <strong>NIRMA</strong> Membership Fee<br />

will once again remain at $250 for<br />

those who did not attend the <strong>2021</strong><br />

Conference. By end of year, the<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong> Office will be sending out<br />

Membership reminders to those who<br />

could not participate in <strong>2021</strong>.<br />

I am excited for what the coming<br />

year will bring for <strong>NIRMA</strong> and the<br />

opportunities that all of us have for<br />

networking and education. We are<br />

going to do this, together, and I’m<br />

looking forward to it.<br />

Back to Content | <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> 6

Two Former <strong>NIRMA</strong> Presidents (as well as Lifetime<br />

Members), Eugene Yang and Cheri Susner catch up.<br />

Andrew Ysasi, VP, Advocacy, VRC Companies, LLC<br />

presents “IG and Cyber Security”<br />

Whitney McCollum, Assistant General Counsel for Data<br />

Protection & Technology, AECOM presenting remotely “Data<br />

& COVID - Now & Future”<br />

Rich Chaney, nextScan presents “Basics of Document<br />

Control"<br />

Lou Rofrano, Co-Director of PDBU presenting “One<br />

Year Later – Progress Report on the <strong>NIRMA</strong> Mentoring<br />


<strong>NIRMA</strong><strong>2021</strong>Conference<br />

Exhibitor,Presenterand<br />


<strong>NIRMA</strong> Conferences,<br />

Records Managers, and the<br />

Pandemic<br />

By Matt Anderson,<br />

Vice President of Marketing, nextScan<br />

L<br />

ooking back over the years,<br />

we fondly remember our first<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong> shows before the<br />

pandemic. Everyone was, and<br />

remains warm, friendly, and<br />

inviting. Personally, I remember<br />

experiencing my first <strong>NIRMA</strong><br />

conference, with the exhibitors<br />

being welcomed to share a meal and<br />

engage off the floor, which is<br />

unique compared to other events<br />

we attend. Thank you for always<br />

welcoming us to Las Vegas and<br />

your annual conference.<br />

These last two <strong>NIRMA</strong><br />

conferences have been much<br />

different. While the friendly and<br />

warm faces are still there, there are<br />

just a lot fewer of them. And while<br />

there have been many negative<br />

changes, we are going to seek out<br />

the positive as well.<br />

The <strong>NIRMA</strong> Conference has<br />

evolved and allowed much more<br />

than only an exhibitor experience.<br />

For nextScan, it has given us the<br />

ability to share our knowledge of<br />

document management with you as<br />

nextScan has been able to<br />

create software<br />

enhancements to help<br />

resolve problems you<br />

encounter. Thank you for<br />

the continued support and<br />

allowing us to present to<br />

this esteemed group.<br />

Continued on next page.<br />

Back to Content | <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> 9

Continued from previous page.<br />

well as showcase how our<br />

equipment is designed to solve<br />

some of your recurring problems.<br />

These opportunities often turn into<br />

conversations, allowing us to speak<br />

directly with <strong>NIRMA</strong> members, to<br />

understand their unique challenges,<br />

and propose possible solutions.<br />

Additionally, in response to the<br />

challenges you face, nextScan has<br />

been able to create software<br />

enhancements to help resolve<br />

problems you encounter. Thank<br />

you for the continued support and<br />

allowing us to present to this<br />

esteemed group.<br />

The pandemic has had a<br />

profound impact on all industries<br />

and Records Management was<br />

certainly an area that felt the<br />

increased pressure to keep up with<br />

demands these past 18 months.<br />

COVID has also made everyone<br />

more aware of the<br />

importance of<br />

proper Records<br />

Management<br />

strategies and<br />

techniques to be<br />

able to timely share<br />

information as the<br />

remote working<br />

The future of smart and<br />

clean energy sources is<br />

not going away anytime<br />

soon. As need for energy<br />

continues to grow, our<br />

country will be looking to<br />

nuclear energy to help<br />

provide the carbon-free<br />

energy it will require.<br />

paradigm shift seems to be here for<br />

some time.<br />

We understand that the role<br />

that Records Managers undertake is<br />

critical to keeping nuclear plants on<br />

plan, on task, and on budget. Never<br />

before have so many documents, of<br />

all different formats, file types, and<br />

sizes, been produced and stored.<br />

Understanding where to access,<br />

how to access, and who can access,<br />

has become a challenging task for<br />

Record Managers. Thank you for<br />

all you do for the Nuclear and<br />

Records Management industries.<br />

The future of smart and clean<br />

energy sources is not going away<br />

anytime soon. As need for energy<br />

continues to grow, our country will<br />

be looking to nuclear energy to<br />

help provide the carbon-free<br />

energy it will require. If the current<br />

bipartisan infrastructure bill is<br />

passed, nuclear power reactors<br />

would get $6 billion to shore up a<br />

struggling electrical grid.<br />

We hope everyone that<br />

attended the <strong>NIRMA</strong> Conference<br />

had a great visit and thoroughly<br />

enjoyed the conference. It’s a spot<br />

on our calendar that we mark every<br />

year.<br />

See you in 2022!<br />

10 <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>

Scenes from<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong>’s 45th<br />

Anniversary<br />

Conference<br />

Celebration<br />


Feeling the<br />

Pressure<br />

to Digitize?<br />

But for budget purposes,<br />

you need an estimate and<br />

proof of concept?<br />

No Problem.<br />

We will come to your site,<br />

provide you with an<br />

estimate and proof of<br />

concept.<br />

All free of cost and with no<br />

obligation<br />

Give us a call at<br />

503.906.2593, no job<br />

is too big or too small.<br />


Optimize Business<br />

Processes with Tech-<br />

Enabled Outsourcing<br />

E<br />

nterprises looking to outsource business<br />

processes in a cost-efficient way should look<br />

for vendors that embrace natural language<br />

processing, artificial intelligence, and machine<br />

learning. These tools deliver significant advantages by<br />

automatically filtering and categorizing large volumes of<br />

content.<br />

Deploying automated solutions to high-volume, lowimpact<br />

processes is key to achieving best-in-class<br />

workflow efficiency. IT and Records Managers who<br />

look for Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) partners<br />

that incorporate these technologies will enable smarter<br />

decision-making and greatly enhanced efficiencies.<br />

The foundation of next-generation document control<br />

processes is<br />

Natural Language<br />

Processing<br />

(NPL). NPL is a<br />

branch of<br />

artificial<br />

intelligence (AI)<br />

that allows<br />

computers to<br />

read the text of<br />

digitized<br />

documents.<br />

However, the ability to interpret large quantities of<br />

By Desh Urs, CEO &<br />

President, iBridge LLC<br />

unstructured data relies on trained AI algorithms. The<br />

practical benefit of this approach is minimal-touch,<br />

straight-through processing, which now includes<br />

interpreting topographic legends and symbols in plat<br />

maps and land use documents. In addition, an AIpowered<br />

sorting algorithm can identify and process<br />

details within a single or cluster of records, to extract<br />

information accurately and quickly.<br />

Higher-impact BPO benefits are achievable through<br />

Machine Learning as well. Machine Learning is an<br />

advanced subset of artificial intelligence that focuses on<br />

teaching computers to process data without giving<br />

them explicit instructions on how to do so. Machine<br />

Learning systems can interpret data and identify trends<br />

with minimal or no human intervention. This techenabled<br />

analysis makes it possible for enterprises to<br />

emphasize the value their employees generate.<br />

Machine Learning enables enterprises to automate<br />

analytics processes that traditionally come with steep<br />

operating costs. Enterprises that incorporate Machine<br />

Learning into their operating models can often act<br />

faster and more decisively than their peers, making<br />

enterprise agility one of the most compelling benefits<br />

this technology has to offer.<br />

Business process outsourcing vendors that implement<br />

emerging technologies make process efficiency a core<br />

value. If your organization is not internally leveraging<br />

these emerging technologies, then look for a BPO<br />

partner who does. You will be rewarded with a strategy<br />

that prioritizes efficiency, flexibility, and cost-saving.<br />

Back to Content | <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> 13





t<br />

here is ample consensus across most industries<br />

about the need to digitize their micrographic<br />

collections. Reasons include concerns about<br />

film degradation, regulatory compliance,<br />

obsolescence of mechanical viewers, inherent<br />

inefficiencies, contingency planning against natural and<br />

man-made disasters, the irreversible paradigm shift to<br />

remote working and more. The traditional barriers to<br />

entry have been breached by COVID, technological<br />

innovations and the abundance of success stories. There<br />

are also some horror stories mostly associated to<br />

underestimation of the complexities of digitization<br />

projects, especially when undertaken on site, or assigned<br />

to service providers engaged in cutthroat competition.<br />

This article proposes options to reduce risks and<br />

costs. Although it focuses on microfiche, it applies<br />

similarly to roll film and aperture cards. Let’s start by<br />

exploring the Technology and Methodologies<br />

components of the proposed concept.<br />

Technology<br />

(Equipment, Software)<br />

The traditional “rent equipment and good luck” approach<br />

is costly and risky. It implies training, learning curves,<br />

beginner’s mistakes, lack of adequate QC tools and/or<br />

expertise, staff working beyond their core competency,<br />

and more. An ideal solution should allow for:<br />

• All media stays onsite.<br />

• Client’s clerical staff (or temps) undertake “bare<br />

bones” operations (mostly feeding media).<br />

• Service provider undertakes all critical tasks through<br />

remote access, using highly trained experts and<br />

sophisticated technology.<br />

By Manuel Bulwa, Integrated Scanning of America<br />

www.isausa.com<br />

• Expensive equipment is allocated only during the<br />

bulk digitization phase.<br />

• Day forward capture, if needed, is configured with a<br />

solid scaled down version of the resources used<br />

during bulk capture.<br />

• Low cost/low risk.<br />

To accomplish the above, one or more production<br />

level scanners are installed onsite for the duration,<br />

configured and fine-tuned remotely by experts using<br />

smart glasses at the site to drastically improve support<br />

and training. Smart glasses make possible that local<br />

operators become the hands, eyes and ears of the<br />

remote experts during training and support. (click here<br />

for Tele-Assistance video).<br />

A small workgroup consisting of at least one<br />

preconfigured scan station with a high-volume scanner,<br />

a printer, a robust storage unit, a barcode handgun and<br />

at least one production station are configured with<br />

Internet access, but fully isolated from any local IT<br />

resources. All captured images are stored locally, while<br />

the service<br />

provider<br />

performs all<br />

post-capture<br />

work on the<br />

auxiliary<br />

station(s)<br />

using remote<br />

desktop. No<br />

data needs to<br />

be transferred<br />

out of the<br />

workgroup.<br />

14 <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>

Methodologies<br />

An ideal scenario will not only reduce risks and costs,<br />

but it should also eliminate or drastically reduce the<br />

following vulnerabilities:<br />

• Barcode technology and a<br />

barcode gun to manage<br />

smart rescans.<br />

• Efficient production<br />

methodologies successfully<br />

proven on billions of images.<br />

• Ability to find inventoried<br />

and scanned images without<br />

the cost of traditional<br />

indexing or deferring this cost to future budgets.<br />

To find records with minimal or no indexing, we<br />

propose the use of Visual Navigation to mimic digitally<br />

the same process users performed manually when using<br />

(now obsolete) reader printers, i.e.: navigate fiche titles<br />

in a drawer, mount a sheet in the carrier, then navigate<br />

the frames in the carrier until the first frame of the<br />

record is located. Although the steps are quite similar,<br />

there is an overwhelming number of benefits when<br />

operating digitally instead of manually.<br />

The cost savings are significant when compared to<br />

traditional indexing strategies.<br />

The risk reduction is based on<br />

the absence of human errors<br />

interpreting and capturing<br />

index data.<br />

In conclusion, if your<br />

micrographic collection has<br />

not yet suffered degradation,<br />

abuse, misuse, natural or manmade<br />

disasters, you still<br />

depend on in-person staff<br />

attendance and obsolete<br />

equipment. The concept<br />

presented here makes<br />

digitization affordable and<br />

safe.<br />

To accomplish the above, our concept involves the use<br />

of:<br />

• Smart glasses to<br />

perform a creative<br />

video inventory of<br />

physical assets.<br />

Back to Content | <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> 15

Choosing a<br />

records<br />

management<br />

solution that<br />

fits your needs<br />

By Kaycee Jaeger,<br />

e-ImageData Marketing Director<br />

T<br />

hey say that we’re doomed to repeat history if<br />

we do not study and understand it. Until the<br />

past couple of decades—and even to today—<br />

much of history was recorded on paper<br />

documents. Nuclear corporations and businesses of all<br />

kinds have carefully stored microfilm and microfiche<br />

versions of critical documents for viewing. With many<br />

employees’ workload curtailed due to pandemic<br />

precautions, these documents must become digitally<br />

available to research so work can continue remotely. If<br />

your corporation is looking for a microfilm scanner, it’s<br />

important to ask these five questions to ensure you get<br />

the best value for your budget.<br />

1. Can it do everything we need it to do?<br />

You may have records stored in a variety of formats,<br />

and you need one solution that can best scan and<br />

digitize all of them. Some of the most common formats<br />

that corporations need to have scanned for digital use<br />

include microfilm, microfiche and aperture cards. While<br />

other scanners on the market may be able to handle one<br />

or two types, ScanPro® can handle all of these and<br />

more. It reliably and clearly scans all types of<br />

micrographic media so that you’ll only need one<br />

scanner. It makes the most economic sense, and it will<br />

be far more convenient for corporations that want to<br />

standardize how their micrographic media documents<br />

are scanned and saved for the future.<br />

2. How reliable is it?<br />

When dealing with delicate and sensitive microfilm,<br />

microfiche and others, you need a scanner that works<br />

every time. Employees have deadlines, businesses are on<br />

the clock, and researchers are often in a race to find<br />

answers to questions buried within those micrographic<br />

documents. ScanPro microfilm scanners are famous for<br />

reliability, which makes them the industry standard for<br />

digitizing micrographic documentation. Built with heavy<br />

-gauge steel with smooth ball-bearing movement and<br />

motors that corporations praise for workhorse<br />

reliability, e-ImageData’s ScanPro products produce<br />

clear image quality after years of scanning millions of<br />

images.<br />

3. How consistently does it produce high<br />

quality images?<br />

It's normal for a ScanPro microfilm scanner, scanning<br />

hundreds of documents a week and thousands of<br />

documents a month or more, to produce the same highquality<br />

digital image of the original micrographic media<br />

as it did on the very first day. Some other key benefits<br />

include quick and accurate media positioning each time<br />

for a perfect, easy-to-read scan. Additional features like<br />

wide-range optical zoom and image focus capabilities<br />

help researchers discover things that might have been<br />

missed previously. Automatic film scanning makes the<br />

process quick and easy for high-volume scanning<br />

Back to Content | <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> 17

Choosing a records management solution<br />

that fits your needs, continued<br />

projects, and the ScanPro is built with the<br />

environment in mind. ScanPro products are also<br />

quiet enough to operate without disturbing your coworkers.<br />

4. How easy is it to use?<br />

Unlike other microfilm scanners, ScanPro is<br />

coupled with a powerful software package called<br />

PowerScan Productivity Suite, a Windows app that<br />

your employees will find intuitive to use. This<br />

reduces the time it takes to learn how to use the<br />

system, even for first time users. This is critical when<br />

research is on a time crunch. The Film Selection<br />

Wizard creates an automatic setup that makes the<br />

process a snap, and also allows you to add custom<br />

photo icons and links to your corporation’s<br />

applications for a smooth process. On-screen help<br />

and look-up features make it easy to get answers to<br />

common questions. No other product on the market<br />

has these powerful, time-saving tools. If your<br />

corporation needs a microfilm scanner that is up and<br />

running quickly with a minimum of hassle and no<br />

wasted time, e-ImageData’s ScanPro with a powerful<br />

software package is the combination you need to<br />

save time and avoid headaches.<br />

5. Can we get a demo before we buy it?<br />

You wouldn’t buy a car without taking it for a test<br />

drive first, and with such an important piece of<br />

micrographic equipment, you should always be able<br />

to get a complete demo that shows you what you can<br />

expect and how to get the most out of your<br />

microfilm scanner. Be sure to contact us today and<br />

let’s talk about your microfilm scanning needs and<br />

how ScanPro can perform for you.<br />

Not a Member of<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong>?<br />

join today!<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong> is considering the creation of a<br />

Committee focused on emerging<br />

technologies with a perspective on how<br />

they would impact Nuclear Information<br />

Management. An Emerging<br />

Technologies Insight Group would<br />

consist of interested <strong>NIRMA</strong> members<br />

and vendor solution providers. Members<br />

of this group would monitor technologies<br />

such as process automation, robotics,<br />

capture devices, etc. producing articles<br />

and presenting their opinions at the<br />

conference on a panel. Send your<br />

thoughts or interest to<br />

jhoerber@ameren.com so we can gauge<br />

interest. Thank you!<br />

18 <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>

<strong>2021</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong> Conference<br />

First-Time attendees<br />

“There is good support<br />

from <strong>NIRMA</strong> to move the<br />

industry forward and explore<br />

new collaboration and records<br />

management options.”<br />

Jorge Biaggini, Fellow Engineer,<br />

Technical Lead for Digital<br />

Design, Westinghouse<br />

“I am new to the nuclear part<br />

of utilities and at a<br />

decommissioned plant that has a<br />

staff of 4. The speakers were good<br />

and very knowledgeable. I think<br />

that building on my knowledge is<br />

key to getting a better<br />

understanding of what I am<br />

required to do in my job.”<br />

Theresa Zuck, Office Technician,<br />

Sacramento Municipal Utility District<br />

(SMUD)<br />

“It was great hearing from others that<br />

have gone through or are going through<br />

the Electronic Records and<br />

Decommissioning Record Management<br />

process. Going over their takeaways, dos<br />

and don’ts, and plans forward was<br />

beneficial and helped answer some of my<br />

questions/concerns I’d had prior to the<br />

conference.”<br />

Lauren Evans, Office Technician, Nuclear<br />

Records Manager, SMUD – Rancho Seco<br />

“I enjoyed Eugene Yang<br />

when he spoke on Electronic<br />

Document and Records<br />

Management in the Nuclear<br />

Industry. NFS is just now<br />

discussing going electronic<br />

with our Document Records<br />

and this information was<br />

very useful and addressed<br />

many questions I had about the process.”<br />

Sherry Street, Configuration Management Specialist I,<br />

Nuclear Fuel Services, Inc. (NFS) a BWXT company

Lifetime Member<br />

Profile<br />

Meet Frank Kocsis III<br />

Tell us about the locations you worked at, and<br />

positions you have held?<br />

I have worked at:<br />

• Idaho National Laboratory – Director<br />

Information and Facilities Management<br />

• Source One Management – Vice President Federal<br />

and Nuclear Programs<br />

• Rocky Flats – Program Manager Administrative<br />

Services<br />

• Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant – Director<br />

Administrative Services, Records Manager,<br />

Procedures & Training Manager<br />

• Cleveland Electric/Perry Nuclear Plant – Records<br />

Manager<br />

• Public Service Indiana/Marble Hill Nuclear Plant<br />

– Records Manager<br />

• Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, New<br />

Frank and fellow <strong>NIRMA</strong> Lifetime Member, Cheri Susner➔<br />

Production Reactor Program – Documentation<br />

Management Specialist<br />

• INEL, LOFT Project – Certified Senior Reactor<br />

Operator, Test Engineer<br />

• United States Navy Nuclear Submarine Service –<br />

Propulsion Engineer<br />

20 <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>

What are the Professional Affiliations you have<br />

been involved in?<br />

• Nuclear Information & Records Management<br />

Association (<strong>NIRMA</strong>)<br />

• ARMA International (ARMA)<br />

• Project Management Institute (PMI)<br />

• United States Submarine Veterans (USSVI)<br />

What have you found most rewarding about your<br />

membership?<br />

Besides abundant knowledge of the profession I had<br />

chosen, the most rewarding part of being a member of<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong> is the life-long professional and personal<br />

relationships I have developed. There has never been<br />

a time when I could not get the information I needed<br />

to help me be successful in my career and program/<br />

project development.<br />

When did you join <strong>NIRMA</strong>?<br />

I joined <strong>NIRMA</strong> in 1980.<br />

What <strong>NIRMA</strong> Leadership positions have you<br />

held?<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong> positions I have held were President,<br />

Director, and a Vendor Exhibitor Coordinator.<br />

How did you get started with <strong>NIRMA</strong>?<br />

In 1979 I was a member of the Department of<br />

Energy’s (DOE) New Production Reactor Program<br />

assigned to the Technical Support Office at Three Mile<br />

Island Nuclear Station. Our mission was accident<br />

evaluation and nuclear fuel recovery. My assignment<br />

was development of documentation and configuration<br />

management programs for the Office. A consultant I<br />

hired introduced me to NRMA, now known as<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong>. I was able to gain valuable insight into the<br />

nuclear records and information world, which assisted<br />

in the development of our documentation and<br />

configuration management programs.<br />

In what ways were you able to help (mentor) other<br />

members?<br />

Since I have mostly been in Information Management<br />

Leadership positions, I have made sure my staff had<br />

the opportunity to be involved in <strong>NIRMA</strong>, to assist in<br />

their career development. I was involved in the early<br />

development of the Institute of Certified Records<br />

Managers (ICRM), Certified Records Manager (CRM)<br />

– Nuclear Specialist designation. I have always felt that<br />

being a Certified Records Manager would be a<br />

tremendous boost to a career. I have personally<br />

assisted (mentored) several individuals in their quest in<br />

obtaining their CRM. I have also mentored individuals<br />

in other career development activities.<br />

What would you tell others looking to get involved<br />

in <strong>NIRMA</strong> or <strong>NIRMA</strong> leadership roles?<br />

I would tell people to look at my career and let them<br />

know that involvement in <strong>NIRMA</strong> was a significant<br />

driver in my obtaining increasingly more important<br />

Information Management Leadership roles. I would<br />

tell them that a leadership role in <strong>NIRMA</strong> will assist in<br />

their career development and company leadership<br />

position progression.<br />

How did being a member of <strong>NIRMA</strong> assist you<br />

with your career?<br />

For the last forty-two (42) years my career has been<br />

centered around nuclear information/records<br />

management, document & configuration<br />

management/control, and procedures development.<br />

As a member of <strong>NIRMA</strong>, I had the most absolute<br />

networking connections to nuclear industry<br />

Information/Records Management professionals and<br />

vendors as I was developing information management<br />

and procedure programs for my companies and<br />

customers.<br />

Why is it important for you to stay involved?<br />

I am probably the oldest member still involved in<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong>. Even after being retired for almost ten years,<br />

I do it for self-satisfaction, to keep abreast of<br />

developing technology, to help the organization where<br />

I can, and to stay in contact with old friends while<br />

making new ones.<br />

Back to Content | <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> 21

From the CRM<br />

I<br />

Wait, What Did I do?<br />

think we’ve all been there.<br />

You’re at a party, someone asks<br />

what you do, and you say<br />

you’re a Nuclear Records<br />

Manager. After the initial blank<br />

look, you get some variation on the<br />

response, “Huh, what is that<br />

exactly?” Over the years, I’ve<br />

developed a brief canned description<br />

to move the conversation along, but<br />

it strikes me that professionals in<br />

many other fields don’t have to go<br />

through this. “I’m a lawyer.” “I’m in<br />

sales.” “I’m an engineer.” Bam -<br />

question answered! There might be<br />

some follow-up chitchat about the<br />

person’s area of specialty, but<br />

“what’s that?” just isn’t in the<br />

conversation.<br />

If you’re like most nuclear<br />

records and information managers I<br />

know, you might not have started<br />

your career with your sights set on<br />

the job you have now. Personally, I<br />

was a journalism major working a<br />

temporary job as a technical writer at<br />

a nuclear plant, when I sort of<br />

followed the documents I was<br />

writing along their lifecycle from<br />

development and approval into<br />

document control and records<br />

management. I know others who<br />

worked their way into records from<br />

IT or administrative roles,<br />

discovered they liked it and they<br />

were good at it, and stuck around.<br />

In the time I’ve been a <strong>NIRMA</strong><br />

member, I sense that many of us fall<br />

into one of two groups:<br />

• I’m relatively new to records<br />

management, and while I’m good<br />

at my job right now, sometimes I<br />

feel there should be more to it,<br />

but I don’t know what I don’t<br />

know.<br />

or<br />

By Andy McGavin, CRM/NS<br />

• I’ve been working in records<br />

management for a long time, I<br />

can handle pretty much anything<br />

that comes my way, but I feel<br />

like I’m in a rut.<br />

(OK, there are also a few <strong>NIRMA</strong><br />

rock stars who have really got this<br />

thing down -- I try to hang around<br />

them as much as possible and hope<br />

something rubs off, but they’re in<br />

their own league.)<br />

Fortunately, whether you find<br />

yourself in the first or second group<br />

above, there is something you can do<br />

to fill in the gaps and gain a better<br />

perspective of how your job fits into<br />

the bigger picture: Become certified<br />

as a Records Analyst or a Records<br />

Manager by the Institute of Certified<br />

Records Managers (ICRM).<br />

Why become certified? In my<br />

experience, here are a few reasons<br />

why:<br />

• It tells your current employer<br />

that you’re serious about your<br />

profession and you want to<br />

expand how you can contribute.<br />

• It tells potential employers that<br />

you’re serious about your<br />

profession and it provides an<br />

objective third-party<br />

endorsement of your skills on<br />

your resume. (No kidding -- I get<br />

unsolicited inquiries from<br />

employers on LinkedIn solely<br />

because I have a CRM on my<br />

resume.)<br />

• It adds structure and fills in gaps<br />

around the knowledge you have<br />

picked up more organically<br />

throughout your career.<br />

The ICRM’s records<br />

management certification process is<br />

based on six separate exams (five<br />

multiple choice, one essay) covering<br />

a range of records management<br />

proficiencies:<br />

• Part 1: Management Principles<br />

and the Records and Information<br />

(RIM) Program<br />

• Part 2: Records and Information:<br />

Creation and Use<br />

• Part 3: Records Systems, Storage<br />

and Retrieval<br />

• Part 4: Records Appraisal,<br />

Retention, Protection and<br />

Disposition<br />

• Part 5: Technology<br />

• Part 6: Business Case (two essay<br />

questions)<br />

ICRM offers two certifications:<br />

• Certified Records Analyst (CRA):<br />

Conferred upon completion of<br />

22 <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>

Parts 2, 3, and 4, which focus<br />

more on the operational aspects<br />

of records management.<br />

• Certified Records Manager<br />

(CRM): Conferred upon<br />

completion of all 6 Parts,<br />

demonstrating a comprehensive<br />

grasp of Records Management<br />

practices.<br />

There are also three additional<br />

specialty designation exams that<br />

CRAs and CRMs in the nuclear,<br />

federal government, and information<br />

governance areas may choose to<br />

complete after their initial<br />

certification.<br />

Don’t let the idea of six exams<br />

seem overwhelming – if you have a<br />

few years of records and information<br />

management work under your belt,<br />

you’ll find you already know much of<br />

the content. Start with just one exam<br />

in the area you already know the best<br />

and take advantage of ICRM’s study<br />

guides to prepare. When you’ve<br />

completed the first one, start on<br />

another, and before you know it,<br />

you’ll find you’re a CRA.<br />

I’m not sure if it will help with<br />

the job explanation at the next party<br />

you attend, but when you say you’re<br />

a Certified Records Analyst or<br />

Manager, it’s bound to generate some<br />

more conversation.<br />

Scanning America<br />

nextScan / STimaging<br />

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<strong>NIRMA</strong> greatly appreciates<br />

our Conference Vendors.<br />

Click on the Vendor picture<br />

to take a look at what each<br />

has to offer to our <strong>NIRMA</strong><br />

membership.<br />

For more information, contact<br />

ICRM at http://icrm.org.<br />

Andy McGavin, CRM/NS, is the<br />

Nuclear Records and Document Manager<br />

for Jacobs Engineering. He has worked in<br />

records and information management roles<br />

in the nuclear and aviation sectors for over<br />

20 years and has been a Certified Records<br />

Manager (Nuclear Specialty designation)<br />

since 2012.<br />

ISAUSA, Integrated<br />

Scanning of America<br />

Crowley ➔<br />

Back to Content | <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> 23

A Retrospective on Information Management<br />

in Nuclear Power<br />

i<br />

am continuing with my multi-part series on the<br />

fundamentals of electronic records in the nuclear<br />

industry. In the last issue, I discussed the<br />

evolution of electronic records guidance in the nuclear<br />

industry. This time, I’ll speak to the subject of<br />

electronic records authentication.<br />

“May you live in interesting times.” This purported<br />

Chinese proverb, seemingly a blessing, but drips with<br />

irony; the “interesting times” are usually times of<br />

trouble. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)<br />

certainly has exposed global social and economic<br />

disruption; “work-from-home” went from being a<br />

novelty act practiced by the few to being the “normal”<br />

way of conducting business by millions of employees<br />

around the world.<br />

The nuclear industry has been affected in the same<br />

light. Many workers were asked to telecommute,<br />

leading to a magnitude increase in the use of web-based<br />

teleconferencing platforms. One key issue that emerged<br />

was the review and “signing off” of documents and<br />

records. Plants still need to be compliant to regulations<br />

and safety, so only approved (“latest and greatest”)<br />

procedures, drawings, etc. are used, and quality<br />

assurance records are appropriately signed off.<br />

The Merriam-Webster Dictionary states that<br />

authentication is “an act, process, or method of showing<br />

something (such as an identity, a piece of art, or a<br />

financial<br />

transaction) to be<br />

real, true, or<br />

genuine.” We, in<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong>, have<br />

defined<br />

authentication<br />

(<strong>NIRMA</strong> Technical Guideline TG11, Authentication of<br />

Records and Media) as the “act of attesting that the<br />

information contained within a document is accurate,<br />

complete, and appropriate to the work accomplished.<br />

The quality of being valid, authentic/genuine.”<br />

By Eugene Y. Yang,<br />

Principal Consultant<br />

KISMET Consulting, Inc.<br />

In the nuclear industry, I always<br />

say that there are two “types” of<br />

signatures needed. The first type is<br />

to the “technical veracity” contained<br />

in the document – the person<br />

signing is saying that the<br />

information in here is “right” and<br />

“is good to go”. The second type of<br />

signature authenticates the document as a record – it is<br />

valid, authentic, genuine. Most documents or records<br />

that I’ve come across usually have multiple signatures,<br />

of which the last one on a list is the one that<br />

authenticates the record; the ones before that attest to<br />

the completeness and accuracy of the document. In<br />

some cases, I’ve seen one signature – the person signing<br />

is attesting that the information is accurate AND<br />

authenticates the document as a record.<br />

You need to keep possible<br />

endgames in mind when using<br />

electronic authentication/<br />

signatures: you either need to<br />

demonstrate regulatory<br />

compliance or you may need to<br />

go into litigation, which means<br />

your records have to be “good”.<br />

24 <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>

“Electronic signatures” are in common practice<br />

now. I use quotes because the implementation of<br />

electronic signature (we in <strong>NIRMA</strong> say<br />

“authentication”) has been broadly executed. I’ve seen<br />

digital signatures, approval emails, scanned-in<br />

documents that were pen-and-ink signed, cut-and-paste<br />

of signature images, use of LAN IDs and passwords,<br />

PIN numbers, two-factor/three-factor authentication,<br />

workflows, ad infinitum. Are any of these “right”? Are<br />

any of these “wrong”?<br />

• The most practiced “electronically approved” record<br />

is the scanned document containing a pen-and-ink<br />

signature. The problems with written signatures:<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

Your written signature does not have to reflect<br />

your full legal name (see credit card slips – full<br />

disclosure: I start with an “E” and then it’s<br />

pretty much incomprehensible from there).<br />

Cursive is not being taught in schools today,<br />

which means workers of the future won’t be<br />

“signing” anything.<br />

The scribble can’t be traced to a person.<br />

• The second-most practiced electronic approval is<br />

email approvals.<br />

• Cut-and-paste of signatures – this really is a “don’t<br />

go there” issue, as it’s too easy with today’s<br />

technology to lift the signature and paste it on a<br />

document.<br />

• Digital signatures require the use of encrypt/decrypt<br />

keys and/or an authenticating server that keeps<br />

track of approved users.<br />

• Use of IDs/passwords, PIN numbers, etc. also<br />

require an authenticating<br />

service or server for<br />

tracking approved users.<br />

• Approvals need to be “as<br />

close as possible” to the<br />

object being approved.<br />

The “authentication<br />

separation gap” starts to<br />

emerge. Here’s what I<br />

mean (“tight” to<br />

“looser” as you go down the list):<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

For an electronic record, a scanned image is<br />

good. However, it still requires someone to penand-ink<br />

sign the document. But<br />

the signature is directly on the<br />

document image.<br />

Digital signatures that apply an<br />

“electronic chop” directly to the<br />

electronic are good, but requires<br />

an authentication infrastructure (desktop toolset<br />

for applying the chop, and authentication server<br />

for tracking who’s chop is applied on what<br />

document; that the person who is applying the<br />

chop is legit).<br />

Workflow-based approvals collect an audit trail<br />

that can be a “report” that is appended to the<br />

document, or “associated tightly” with the<br />

document being approved (audit report lists<br />

who approved and on what document [down to<br />

revision and date level]).<br />

ID/Passwords used in data applications record<br />

an audit trail that could also be exported as part<br />

of a document.<br />

You need to keep possible endgames in mind when<br />

using electronic authentication/signatures: you either<br />

need to demonstrate regulatory compliance or you may<br />

need to go into litigation, which means your records<br />

have to be “good”. Especially on this latter point, you’ll<br />

need demonstrate to the satisfaction of the court that:<br />

• The appropriate level and amount of information<br />

surrounding the signing process was retained;<br />

• The system used to retain the information is itself<br />

reliable; and<br />

• The storage system must be rigorously secure from<br />

a physical and technological standpoint.<br />

It’s not about the technology or the tool; it’s about<br />

the PROCESS. The method needs to support and<br />

serve the purpose and retention needs of the process. A<br />

federal regulation or standard does not need to exist as<br />

the federal and state laws establish the legality (such as<br />

UETA or the ESign Act). There is no one correct<br />

method. Any signature method may be used; however,<br />

the ability or need to defend the signature becomes the<br />

requirement. Simple, low-tech methods may serve one<br />

process fine while more robust or secure methods may<br />

be needed for quality-related or legally liable signatures<br />

requiring long term retention.<br />

Back to Content | <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> 25

direction for use, and the training of personnel in the<br />

use of electronic records. Once these factors are met,<br />

any electronic method is then acceptable, and it is then<br />

up to the company to defend the use.<br />

Bottom Line:<br />

It’s about PROCESS and<br />


as the keys in the legal arena.<br />

The Federal Rules of Evidence provide a good basis:<br />

The appropriate level and amount of information<br />

surrounding the signing process was retained. There is<br />

the “intent to sign” notion – the signature is only valid if<br />

the signer intends to sign. A company venturing into<br />

electronic authentication or signaturing needs to assure<br />

the quality of the software (lifecycle change process,<br />

proper software documentation), policy/procedural<br />

Eugene has been a member of <strong>NIRMA</strong><br />

for over 34 years. At the time he joined,<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong> had only been in existence for<br />

11 years. He would love to hear about<br />

stories and anecdotes from others, so please<br />

email him at<br />

eugene.yang@kismetconsulting.com.<br />

Eugene’s ➔<br />

Celebration<br />

Night<br />

presentation<br />

received many<br />

accolades.<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong>’s Financial Holdings<br />

As of: September 15, <strong>2021</strong><br />

Michelle Smith<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong> Treasurer<br />

Investment Account $ 123,796.54<br />

Checking Account $ 30,486.33<br />

26 <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>



By Bob Larrivee<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong>’s Director of Technical Programs<br />

w<br />

hen I hear the term<br />

Smartphone, I envision a<br />

classroom full of phones<br />

learning how to read, do<br />

calculations and eventually graduate<br />

from Smartphone school with the<br />

designation Smartphone duly<br />

conferred upon them. Is it really the<br />

phone that is smart or is it the user<br />

who masters the capabilities of this<br />

device?<br />

No matter, the point is that there<br />

are a lot of these out there being<br />

used for both business and personal<br />

reasons. In fact, according to<br />

Finances Online, “3.8 billion or<br />

48.33% of the world’s population<br />

have smartphones”. As such, many<br />

businesses and workers are using<br />

their Smartphones as the interface to<br />

various applications and process<br />

activities in relation to their roles in<br />

the organization. This could be<br />

monitoring systems, capturing data,<br />

and communicating with operations.<br />

This could prove extremely<br />

beneficial to a Nuclear Power Plant,<br />

in relation to the detection and<br />

prevention of a situation requiring<br />

the plant to go offline. According to<br />

a report by the Idaho National<br />

Laboratories, “When procedure and<br />

work order information is recorded<br />

on a mobile device, there is little or<br />

no lag time for recording it in the<br />

enterprise information systems.<br />

Reducing information lag times also<br />

improves collective situation<br />

awareness, which can greatly<br />

improve accurate and timely<br />

decisions by stakeholders. Research<br />

indicates that wireless technology<br />

reduces group decision making time<br />

by 30 to 40%”.<br />

In My View<br />

The growth of Smartphones and<br />

Smartphones are here, and their<br />

popularity is strongly on the rise.<br />

This means that Nuclear Power<br />

organizations are faced with the<br />

challenge of addressing use of these<br />

devices for business purposes and<br />

governance over their use to<br />

maintain compliance and minimize<br />

RISK. RISK not only being that of<br />

proper use and security but ensuring<br />

these devices will not cause<br />

precarious situations like system<br />

disruption via Electromagnetic<br />

Interference (EMI) transmission. It<br />

is also an indication that Smartphone<br />

use is an opportunity to enhance the<br />

mobility of the workforce through<br />

adoption of Smartphone use for<br />

business purposes. The task at hand<br />

is how?<br />

How do you take your business<br />

applications and make them mobile<br />

ready? Do you approach it from a<br />

web access perspective or do you<br />

think in terms of Smartphone apps<br />

that will meet the need. Perhaps<br />

there is no app that meets your<br />

needs, and you will need to create<br />

one. Let’s not forget the processes<br />

related to all of this. Once the<br />

Smartphone enters your realm of<br />

approved devices, how will that<br />

impact the process? Think in terms<br />

of both access and capture of<br />

information. How will your<br />

employees work differently using<br />

Smartphones compared to the way<br />

things are done today?<br />

My point is this, Smartphones<br />

are here and their use is increasing<br />

rapidly. Forward thinking<br />

organizations will embrace and<br />

leverage this to their advantage.<br />

Imagine being able to cut down<br />

monitoring and communications<br />

time using a Smartphone. Imagine<br />

that you can now provide 24/7<br />

customer service through a<br />

Smartphone app.<br />

The phone itself is not “smart”<br />

but it does provide greater capability<br />

than ever before. It is the user who<br />

must be smart about how to use this<br />

device that makes the difference. It<br />

is the organization that plans and<br />

implements Smartphone use in<br />

alignment with their overall strategy<br />

that establishes differentiation.<br />

Back to Content | <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> 27

Professional Development<br />

Business Unit (PDBU) News<br />

Tammy Cutts, PDBU Director<br />

i<br />

am writing the last of my<br />

articles as PDBU Director as<br />

I will move into the <strong>NIRMA</strong><br />

Secretary position at the<br />

beginning of 2022. I can still recall<br />

my first conference where I met two<br />

of the people who would be the key<br />

factors in getting me into PDBU<br />

and the Directorship, Peggy<br />

Warner and Anita Carter. Peggy<br />

was a long-time member of <strong>NIRMA</strong><br />

and had a real passion for<br />

professional development and<br />

learning. Anita was a first-time<br />

attendee along with me. The<br />

constant prodding from Peggy led<br />

Anita into PDBU where Anita later<br />

convinced me to join her as codirector.<br />

My personal and<br />

professional development journey<br />

set out roots that very first year.<br />

The PDBU is all about<br />

development and learning<br />

opportunities. My career in nuclear<br />

has required me to learn about<br />

records management, regulations,<br />

how to be an instructor, and how to<br />

speak to all levels of personnel from<br />

clerks to vice presidents to station<br />

directors and CNOs. As the plant’s<br />

SME for all things records<br />

management, I had to learn to do it<br />

with confidence as well. Some of<br />

this was “learn by doing” at the<br />

plant, but I gained so much<br />

knowledge and experience by doing<br />

the same at <strong>NIRMA</strong> for the past 16<br />

years. Involvement in <strong>NIRMA</strong> has<br />

led me to learn, network, lead<br />

sessions, lead business units,<br />

inspired me to pursue a professional<br />

certification, and now to take on a<br />

role on the <strong>NIRMA</strong> Board. It’s a far<br />

cry from where I started, and I’ve<br />

enjoyed all the steps along the way.<br />

As I move on to the next steps in<br />

my <strong>NIRMA</strong> path, I’m leaving the<br />

PDBU in the capable, energetic, and<br />

very<br />

enthusiastic<br />

hands of<br />

Lou<br />

Rofrano<br />

who has been<br />

my codirector<br />

for<br />

the past two<br />

years. I’d like to take one last<br />

opportunity to exhort you to get<br />

involved in anything that interests<br />

you at <strong>NIRMA</strong> and to grab any<br />

opportunity for learning and<br />

development. My work at the plant<br />

has helped in my roles at <strong>NIRMA</strong><br />

and <strong>NIRMA</strong> experience has helped<br />

me at work. I would love to see the<br />

same for you. Listen to the<br />

webinars, lead sessions, get a<br />

certification, network, benchmark,<br />

join a business unit then lead one, be<br />

mentored, mentor others, and watch<br />

what happens.<br />

<strong>2021</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong> Board<br />

(Front L-R): <strong>NIRMA</strong> Administrator Sarah<br />

Perkins, President Janice Hoerber,<br />

Treasurer Michelle Smith, Director of<br />

Infrastructure Sheila Pearcy.<br />

(Back L-R): Vice-President Bruce Walters,<br />

Secretary Lona Smith, Director of Tech.<br />

Programs Bob Larrivee.<br />

28 <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>

News from the Records &<br />

Information Management<br />

Business Unit (RIMBU)<br />

R<br />

Summary of the RIMBU<br />

Summer <strong>2021</strong> Meeting<br />

IMBU kicked off the Summer <strong>2021</strong> meeting<br />

with a review of the Less with Less Panel and a<br />

discussion around what kind of survey/<br />

benchmarking would be most beneficial to the <strong>NIRMA</strong><br />

organization. Topics such as staffing levels and<br />

collateral duties outside RM functions were brought up,<br />

as well as reporting structure and whether current state<br />

organization charts were stable. Controlled distribution<br />

best practices were of interest to the group including<br />

who performs distribution and how to successfully<br />

move that function out of the RM organization. Other<br />

topics included EDMS (Electronic Document<br />

Management System) and program interfaces,<br />

automation of processes, and conversion of microform.<br />

Its clear the RM landscape is evolving as new<br />

technologies emerge and the pandemic increases the<br />

push for automation. <strong>NIRMA</strong> and RIMBU feel it is the<br />

right time to reach out and find what people are doing<br />

well and how they are doing it. Be on the lookout for a<br />

survey from the <strong>NIRMA</strong> organization. Response to the<br />

survey and learning from one another are key to the<br />

success and growth of our RM organizations.<br />

Another topic discussed during the Summer meeting<br />

By Stephanie Price, RIMBU Business Unit Director<br />

was the need to educate and inform the <strong>NIRMA</strong><br />

membership on the origins, purpose, and application of<br />

the Technical Guides (TGs). TG‐11, TG-15, TG-16,<br />

and TG-21 in particular, inform the basis for the<br />

records management programs in the industry. This is<br />

especially true for records generated and/or maintained<br />

electronically. RIMBU is currently looking for<br />

opportunities to share more information about the TGs.<br />

2D/3D models are a hot topic in the industry today<br />

and RIMBU was fortunate to have a few of the<br />

conference attendees from Westinghouse speak during<br />

the Summer meeting. There is interest among the<br />

RIMBU team in working with Westinghouse to develop<br />

and provide guidance to the industry on best practices<br />

for maintaining 3D models as long-term, sustainable<br />

records. A sub-committee was formed to take on this<br />

effort and RIMBU looks forward to providing the<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong> membership with its perspective on 3D model<br />

maintenance in the future.<br />

Get involved with RIMBU<br />

New members are always welcome! RIMBU is a great<br />

opportunity to benchmark with others in the industry,<br />

share valuable operating experience, and have the<br />

opportunity to influence industry standard guidance in<br />

records management.<br />

Back to Content | <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> 29

<strong>NIRMA</strong> ANNOUNCES<br />


T<br />

he 2022 Board of Directors election results<br />

were communicated to the attendees at the<br />

<strong>2021</strong> Annual Business Meeting on Day 3 of the<br />

Conference in August. Congratulations to the<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong> 2022 Board:<br />

• President: Janice Hoerber<br />

• Vice President: Bruce Walters, CRM/NS<br />

• Treasurer: Lona Smith<br />

• Secretary: Tammy Cutts<br />

• Director of Technical Programs: Bob Larrivee<br />

• Director of Infrastructure: Sheila Pearcy, CRA<br />

2022 Business Unit Directors:<br />

• Membership & Marketing Business Unit (M&MBU)<br />

Director: Kathi Cole, CRM<br />

Co-Director: Denise Pickett, CRM/NS/FED<br />

• Professional Development Business Unit (PDBU)<br />

Director: Lou Rofrano<br />

Co-Director: Gil Brueckner, CRM/NS<br />

• Regulations and Information Management Business<br />

Unit (RIMBU)<br />

Director: Stephanie Price<br />

Front (L-R): Janice Hoerber, Lona<br />

Smith, Sheila Pearcy<br />

Back (L-R): Bruce Walters, Bob<br />

Larrivee<br />

Tammy Cutts ➔<br />

Co-Director: Rhonda Redding<br />

• Technical Advisor to the Board:<br />

Chris Boudreaux<br />

• 2022 Nominating Committee:<br />

Tori Markel<br />

Janine Nice<br />


(M&M) Business Unit News<br />

a<br />

reminder to all <strong>NIRMA</strong> members. If you did<br />

not attend the hybrid conference this year, don’t<br />

forget to renew your membership for 2022. In<br />

January, <strong>NIRMA</strong>’s Administrator will be<br />

sending out invoices to those members who missed this<br />

year’s conference.<br />

It is never too early to begin planning for the next<br />

conference, “<strong>NIRMA</strong>’s 46 th Annual Conference.”<br />

<strong>NIRMA</strong> is very appreciative of the feedback members<br />

provided to our Post-Conference Survey. The Board<br />

Kathi Cole, CRM<br />

M&MBU Director<br />

wants the 2022 conference to meet the needs of the<br />

novice through the seasoned veterans.<br />

As always, everyone is welcome to join the<br />

Membership & Marketing Business Unit. We hold<br />

monthly conference calls on the first Wednesday of each<br />

month. Email either myself or Denise Pickett to let us<br />

know of your interest and we will add you to the call list.<br />

kjccole1@yahoo.com or denisearma@gmail.com<br />

30 <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>

Passage of Illinois Energy Legislation<br />

Preserves Nuclear Plants &<br />

Strengthens State’s Clean Energy<br />

Leadership<br />

Preservation of zero-emissions nuclear plants prevents harmful<br />

pollution and supports more than 28,000 jobs, while protecting<br />

consumers from higher energy costs<br />

CHICAGO — Exelon Generation<br />

said today that it is preparing to<br />

refuel its Byron and Dresden nuclear<br />

plants as a result of the action taken<br />

by the Illinois legislature to enact a<br />

comprehensive energy bill. Once<br />

signed by the Governor, the<br />

legislation will strengthen Illinois’<br />

clean energy leadership, protect the<br />

state’s economy by preserving tens<br />

of thousands of jobs and prevent an<br />

increase in pollution and energy<br />

costs that would harm consumers if<br />

the plants closed.<br />

“We commend the Governor,<br />

the General Assembly, our partners<br />

at IBEW Local 15 and the coalition<br />

of labor leaders and members who<br />

worked so hard to pass this roadmap<br />

for rebuilding our economy and<br />

addressing the climate crisis by<br />

investing in clean energy in a way<br />

that ensures that jobs and<br />

environmental benefits are shared<br />

equitably,” said Christopher Crane,<br />

president and CEO of Exelon. “This<br />

new policy offers a better future for<br />

the employees who have run these<br />

plants at world-class levels, the plant<br />

communities that we are privileged<br />

to serve and all Illinoisans eager to<br />

build a clean-energy economy that<br />

works for everyone.”<br />

The legislation promotes jobs<br />

and lowers carbon emissions by<br />

scaling up renewables, investing in<br />

electrification and adopting critical<br />

job training programs and labor<br />

standards. It also creates a process<br />

for the state to procure carbon<br />

mitigation credits from nuclear<br />

plants, which are critical to keeping<br />

Illinois on a path to reach net zero<br />

emissions by 2050. The bill will<br />

mitigate widely acknowledged flaws<br />

in regional energy markets and<br />

compensate nuclear plants for their<br />

clean-energy benefits in much the<br />

same way that wind and solar are<br />

compensated today. It also will put<br />

the state on a path to 100 percent<br />

clean energy at a fraction of the cost<br />

of achieving the same goal with only<br />

renewables.<br />

More than 60 percent of Illinois’<br />

electricity consumption and<br />

approximately 90 percent of its<br />

carbon-free energy comes from<br />

Exelon Generation’s six nuclear<br />

plants in Illinois. Studies have shown<br />

that when nuclear plants close,<br />

plants that burn fossil fuels operate<br />

much more often, increasing<br />

harmful carbon and air pollution,<br />

especially in disadvantaged<br />

communities.<br />

Dresden Generating Station,<br />

located in Morris, Ill., was slated to<br />

retire in November and the Byron<br />

Generating Station, located just<br />

outside Byron, Ill., was scheduled to<br />

begin the defueling process and<br />

permanent shut down starting today.<br />

Despite being among the safest,<br />

most efficient and reliable units in<br />

the nation’s nuclear fleet, Dresden<br />

and Byron face revenue shortfalls in<br />

the hundreds of millions of dollars<br />

because of market rules that allow<br />

fossil fuel plants to underbid clean<br />

resources in regional electricity<br />

markets.<br />

Continued on next page.<br />

Back to Content | <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> 31

Continued from previous page.<br />

In addition to Byron and<br />

Dresden, the legislation creates an<br />

opportunity to preserve the<br />

Braidwood nuclear plant, which<br />

also is economically challenged<br />

and at imminent risk of premature<br />

retirement. The LaSalle nuclear<br />

plant also will remain operating for<br />

the five-year duration of the<br />

carbon mitigation credit program.<br />

By supporting these always-on,<br />

zero carbon nuclear plants, the<br />

legislation ensures that Illinois<br />

stays on track to meet its climate<br />

goals at the lowest cost to<br />

consumers. Byron alone generates<br />

30 percent more clean energy than<br />

comes from all the solar and wind<br />

ever built in Illinois. An analysis<br />

by an independent consulting firm<br />

found that it would take $29<br />

billion – or more than $6 per<br />

month for every Illinois household<br />

over the next 25 years – to replace<br />

just Byron’s carbon-free energy<br />

with renewable sources, much less<br />

reach 100 percent clean.<br />

In January 2019, the state<br />

committed to reducing greenhouse<br />

gas emissions consistent with the<br />

targets set in the Paris climate<br />

agreement. Emissions-free energy<br />

from the four nuclear plants puts<br />

the state 85 percent toward the<br />

2025 goal versus 20 percent had<br />

they retired prematurely and been<br />

replaced by polluting resources.<br />

Read full article here.<br />

Space developments in the last<br />

two decades have greatly<br />

contributed to our understanding of<br />

our planet’s climate. Satellite<br />

imaging, space exploration, and new<br />

technologies give us an idea of the<br />

big picture and how we can adapt<br />

to address climate change.<br />

For example, satellites in space<br />

have played a critical role in our<br />

understanding of the causes of<br />

global warming by providing us<br />

with a large body of data to<br />

examine the variations in the<br />

Earth’s orbit.<br />

Data from these capabilities<br />

were essential inputs into the<br />

Intergovernmental Panel on<br />

Climate Change’s (IPCC) recent<br />

report that focused on how the<br />

physical science of climate change<br />

informs likely impacts under five<br />

different emissions scenarios.<br />

The report also found that<br />

climate change is happening quicker<br />

than we thought, making the need<br />

to reduce emissions imminent. To<br />

address this, space infrastructure<br />

such as positioning, navigation, and<br />

timing (PNT) can help identify<br />

efficient transportation routes and<br />

sources of emissions, ultimately<br />

aiding mitigation efforts.<br />

NASA’s Earth System<br />

Observatory, the next generation of<br />

Earth science satellites that will<br />

launch in the next decade, reflect<br />

the importance of Earth imaging.<br />

This constellation of satellites is<br />

designed to provide information<br />

about our planet ranging from the<br />

location of forest fires to the sea<br />

level rise to our agricultural<br />

processes. It will be able to collect<br />

data at the regional and local levels<br />

and connect critical interactions<br />

between the atmosphere, land,<br />

ocean and ice, significantly<br />

bolstering our understanding of the<br />

Earth’s climate.<br />

Another large focus of the<br />

initiative is predicting severe<br />

weather and answering questions<br />

surrounding aerosols, which are<br />

particles in the atmosphere that are<br />

a key source of uncertainty in<br />

predicting climate change.<br />

Alongside adding funding to<br />

FEMA, the Biden Administration<br />

announced the development of the<br />

Earth System Observatory,<br />

indicating its support for the<br />

program in understanding how<br />

Continued on next page.<br />

32 <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>

US, Europe Risk <strong>Fall</strong>ing Behind as<br />

China Nuclear Industry Expands<br />

China’s nuclear power industry is expanding rapidly<br />

while stumbling blocks in the United States and Europe<br />

puts their industries at risk of being left behind in the<br />

race toward next generation technology.<br />

In the United States, fully<br />

functioning nuclear plants are under<br />

threat of closure due to profitability<br />

concerns and political phase-out<br />

policies, while vital research<br />

infrastructure is being mothballed.<br />

In Europe, single countries are<br />

closing down entire nuclear fleets<br />

while ongoing talks about whether<br />

to include nuclear power in clean-air<br />

taxonomies mean financing costs<br />

remain too high as investors seek<br />

out better returns from less<br />

controversial technologies that have<br />

already passed the ‘green’ test.<br />

The rise of ‘greenwashing’,<br />

whereby products and services are<br />

misleadingly advertised as<br />

environmentally friendly, has taken<br />

up a large part of Environmental,<br />

Social and Governance (ESG)<br />

driven investment, which is still to<br />

be governed under established<br />

regulatory frameworks.<br />

Nuclear energy’s shaky public<br />

image has left it out of the mix and,<br />

consequently, off the books at<br />

investment houses.<br />

Meanwhile, in China a nuclear<br />

power renaissance is being<br />

supported by government-backed,<br />

Chinese technician in the control<br />

room of a nuclear power plant in<br />

Qinshan, in the Zhejiang province<br />

(Source: Reuters/Reinhard Krause)<br />

long-term planning strategies for<br />

reduced carbon emissions from<br />

electricity generation.<br />

“If you had to boil it down to<br />

one word, it’s commitment,” says<br />

Continued on next page.<br />

Continued from previous page.<br />

climate change is impacting<br />

communities.<br />

Space exploration is<br />

foundational to climate science<br />

because it provides us with more<br />

information about the Earth, our<br />

solar system and the role of gases<br />

in our atmosphere, and nuclear<br />

energy has played an important<br />

role powering our missions into<br />

space.<br />

In 1969, NASA launched<br />

Nimbus III, a nuclear-powered<br />

spacecraft, that is the first U.S.<br />

satellite to gather vital<br />

oceanographic data, such as<br />

measurements of sea ice and the<br />

ozone layer.<br />

The spacecraft also measured<br />

atmospheric temperature, water<br />

vapor and ozone, as well as the<br />

amount of ultraviolet radiation<br />

reaching our atmosphere from the<br />

sun.<br />

Cassini, a nuclear-powered<br />

probe into Saturn and its moons,<br />

released the Huygens probe which<br />

collected important data about<br />

what earth may have looked like in<br />

its state before humans evolved.<br />

The mission revealed Titan to be<br />

one of the most Earth-like worlds<br />

we’ve encountered.<br />

Article reprinted with permission<br />

of NEI. Read full article here.<br />

Back to Content | <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> 33

Continued from previous page.<br />

US, Europe Risk <strong>Fall</strong>ing Behind as China<br />

Nuclear Industry Expands<br />

CEO and Executive Director of the American Nuclear<br />

Society (ANS) Craig Piercy.<br />

“(In the United States) we see movement in the<br />

right direction, but we haven’t gotten our heads<br />

around the fact that we are going to be in the nuclear<br />

game for decades and this technology is only going to<br />

expand. We’re still thinking about it like a domestic<br />

energy option.”<br />

A government’s commitment, or lack thereof, to<br />

nuclear power has wide ranging implications across the<br />

sector.<br />

Without public commitment to the technology,<br />

financing costs climb, a new generation of potential<br />

nuclear engineers are discouraged to join the<br />

workforce, national laboratories face<br />

fluctuating budgets for long-term projects, and existing<br />

baseload infrastructure is shut down to be replaced by<br />

carbon-spewing alternatives.<br />

China's Nuclear Electricity Production<br />

In the pipeline<br />

In 2020, six reactors were permanently shut down<br />

worldwide while five new reactors started up, leaving a<br />

total of 441 operable nuclear reactors producing a<br />

combined capacity of 392 GWe, according to the<br />

World Nuclear Association (WNA) World Nuclear<br />

Performance Report <strong>2021</strong>.<br />

Of the six shut down, the two Fessenheim reactors<br />

were closed due to a political decision to reduce<br />

nuclear power’s weight in the French electricity<br />

generation mix, while the United States closed two<br />

because of market conditions. Sweden’s Ringhals 1<br />

closed despite calls for it to restart.<br />

In Russia, the Leningrad reactor closed but was<br />

instantly replaced by a new reactor on site.<br />

Of the new startups, aside from the Leningrad<br />

reactor, Belarus connected Ostrovets 1 which was built<br />

on Russian technology and was the first VVER-1200<br />

unit to begin operations outside of Russia.<br />

The Barakah 1 reactor was built in the United Arab<br />

Emirates using South Korean reactor technology.<br />

China alone started two new reactors: the Fuqing 5<br />

and the Tianwan 5.<br />

The two shortest construction times were achieved<br />

by the Chinese reactors due to the advantages of series<br />

builds and the retention of skills through the ongoing<br />

new build program, the WNA report notes.<br />

Fuqing 5 was constructed in 67 months and<br />

Tianwan 5 in 55 months. By comparison Barakah 1<br />

took 97 months and Ostrovets 84 months.<br />

Nuclear reactors under construction in Britain and<br />

the United States have not fared so well, often facing<br />

years of delays and significant cost overruns.<br />

(Source: World Nuclear Association, IAEA PRIS; World<br />

Nuclear Performance Report <strong>2021</strong>)<br />

Article reprinted with permission of Reuters Events<br />

Nuclear. Read full article here.<br />

34 <strong>Fall</strong> <strong>2021</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>.org <strong>Inside</strong> <strong>NIRMA</strong>

Save the Dates:<br />

46th Annual <strong>NIRMA</strong> Conference<br />

August 1-3, 2022

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