Sustainable Magazine 11th Issue

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In the world order where new steps are taken in the name of sustainability every day; We consider sustainable life, innovations, what companies do and much more as SUSTAINABLE MAGAZINE.



2

PERKUP STORE

O N T E N T S

19

C

JARDİN NATUREL

8

Submarine Farming

with Nemo's Garden

10

Nature in October

What Can We Consume

Without Consuming?

12

How Did Paris Prepare

the Climate Action

Plan?

16

Biobite Cups

20

How South Korea

Recycled 95% of Food

Waste

28

Plastic Is Not A Usefully

Recyclable Material!

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 1


PERKUP STORE

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 2


H

What is Perkup?

How did it

emerge?

ello, first of all, we wish you success on

your meaningful initiative.

Perkup is an independent brand that

makes products with eco-friendly raw

materials and is based on sustainable

fashion and ethical trade principles. It

produces comfy, functional, and

susceptible underwear away from

vanity, nondependent to any creation or

season. Its end goal is to produce

clothes that are seen as symbolic or

social identity mediator instead of their

function, reducing their effect to nature

as far as possible and to create a

perception that features their primary

function. While we were thinking for a

long time about what we can do

beneficial in the bottomless pit that the

textile sector is in, in 2015, the idea of

producing environmentally conscious,

ethical, and “basic” underwear that has

a simple design. Since it’s a small

brand that doesn’t have its own fund,

uninvested, and finances itself, it spent

a long preparation era until it became

online for the first time in October 2020.

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 3


Can you give tips

about “Sustainable

Fashion” to our

readers?

e don’t think sustainable fashion has only one

correct. The most fundamental way to make

fashion and even life sustainable is to

consume less. Besides or nonetheless;

preferring products produced with ecofriendly

materials, any action extends the life of bought

products, repairing products which lost their

function, giving new functions if they cannot be

repaired by upcycling, buying secondhand

products, etc.- if we can do even one of these,

we will have reduced the harm we’ve done to

nature and animals. Zero-waste expert chef

Anne-Marie Bonneau has a very meaningful

saying about zero waste that can now be

considered a cliché: “We don't need a handful

of people doing zero waste perfectly. We

need millions of people doing it imperfectly.”

The same notion goes for sustainable fashion.

We can buy only products that have ecofriendly

fabric, we can buy secondhand

clothes, or we might be just making

upcycling. Each of these is a contribution to

sustainable fashion. In the horrible capitalist

order we’re in, we must know every action

done without falling into the trap of

greenwashing harms nature and the living

less. When the term “sustainable fashion”

goes out from being a marketing tool and

becomes the default value of the sector, we

will have had an achievement.

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 4


Environment-Friendly, Plain,

Comfortable Underwear

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 5


You indicated that you’re using

Lenzing certificated micromodal

fabrics in your production. What

is the importance of this fabric

for our health?

M

icroModal is the fine-meshed and

long-knitted version of Modal fibers.

Modal fibers are obtained from beech

trees raised on forests installed in

Europe by Lenzing company for fabric

production. Regarded as a cotton

alternative, Modal and MicroModal

have a breathable structure; its feeling

is as soft as silk and smooth.

Compared to conventional cotton, it

turfs moisture out by absorbing

moisture 50% faster on average. If it's

compared to cotton, MicroModal

ensures the fabric dries out earlier. Its

endurance against shrinkage after

washing is one of the factors that

extends its lifetime. Because of these

reasons, it's a fabric type preferred

frequently, in underwear and

sportswear.

It’s a question difficult to answer, but what are your

favorite 3 products?

Signature Bra, Triangle Bra, and Hipster :)

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 6


On your website, there’s

information that you use

packaging made of recycled

paper. Well, do you show the

same sensitivity while shipping

your products?

W

e‘re making totally plastic-free cargo.

With our packaging made from

recycled paper; cards made from

sugar cane pulp, and jute yarn, the

cargo is in a bag-free way. :)

What is the importance of

sustainability from your perspective in

textile? With the same sensibility, what

do you care about in the company you

get production done?

The first factor that led up to the founding of Perkup

was the question of how we could make the conditions

of textile workers fairer. That’s why the importance of

sustainability on textile is very massive. Firstly, for

workers to have fair salaries and social rights is our

invariable rule. Later, we attach importance to women's

employment. Apart from it, we act with the minimum

waste goal in the production phase too. Right now,

we’re producing with a very small team. As our

production line gets bigger, we’re imagining making

investments to fair, ethical, and sensitive production, by

applying to social responsibility certificates like Sedex.

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 7


Submarine Farming with Nemo's

Garden

In the depths of the blue waters, 100 meters off the coast of Noli in northern Italy, is a group of balloon-like

plant tanks. Many vegetables are grown in these tanks, including peas, lettuce, basil, strawberries and red

cabbage. It may seem like sci-fi at first, but Ocean Reef Group really does it. The Italian diving company, with

the help of a group of agricultural experts, has succeeded in turning a new page in food production by using

technology.

The name of the research project is Nemo's Garden. No doubt it takes its name from the movie Finding Nemo.

Within the scope of the research, which began in 2012, seven tanks, each containing 22 plants, were placed

under water. The design of the tanks has been improved over time; It is resistant to corrosion and flooding. The

Italian Group has obtained permission from the local government to do this work and can produce five months

of the year, from May to September. Of course, patents have been obtained for tanks.

Thanks to the hydroponic system, the company purifies sea water and obtains clean water. Hydroponic means

stagnant water culture. The hydroponic system is a method used to grow plants without soil. Instead of

nutrients in the soil, plants benefit from a nutrient solution containing the minerals they need. The seawater

inside the tanks evaporates, the drops condense on the roof and then go down as fresh water to feed the

plants. Unlike underground hydroponic systems and greenhouses, which use different heating and cooling

systems and LED lights to control the weather, subsea production provides a constant temperature. In this

way, the negative effects of bad weather conditions on the soil are also eliminated.

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 8

www.dunya.com


So how do plants benefit from sunlight while

underwater?

Studies show that plants depend on the red spectrum of

sunlight for physiological development. The red light can

reach a depth of 5 to 15 meters. That's why plant tanks are

placed five to eight meters below the water level.

Experienced divers are responsible for the maintenance of

the plant tanks.

Ocean Reef Group has been managed by the Gamberini

family for 60 years. Luca Gamberini says underwater

agriculture is very important for the future of the food

industry. The Garden of Nemo team envisions developing

underwater agriculture in areas that are short of fertile soil

or water. The only concern at the moment is that these

projects could disturb the local food infrastructure.

Production has not yet reached commercial size. The aim

of the project is to see if production is sustainable.

Diversification of products is another evaluation factor.

According to Gamberini, this is possible. Tests carried out

by the company reveal that seeds grow much faster

underwater.

Advantages of Hydroponic Agriculture

► Plants grow 50 percent faster than in soil.

► Insecticide is never used.

► Plants begin to grow in a disease-free environment.

► Smaller pots can be used, roots can grow without

mixing.

► Greater control over extreme growth conditions

facilitates the best possible environment for plants and

results in better quality.

► Plants grown with hydroponic system are organic.

Although it has been said before that the two cultivation

methods are incompatible, they do have a common

denominator. Hydroponic cultivation is instantly and 100

percent dependent on nutrients that must be present. If the

seed used and the food are organic, the product will be

organic.

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 9

www.dunya.com


In October, what

can we consume

without

consuming

nature?

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 1 0


The calendar prepared by Yeşil Düşünce Derneği (Green Thought

Association) reminds us again what we must eat depending on the season.

In the post, they said: “October came, the weather is getting colder. With the

colder weather, vegetables, and fruits rich in vitamin C and minerals like

calcium, magnesium, and potassium that our body needs; are starting to grow

ripe and to take their place in our dining table.”

In order to protect nature and natural ones, reach for non-poisonous food, be

healthy, support small local producers, protect our house’s economy and

decrease our carbon footprint, nutrition on its season is the simplest solution.

Also, since vegetables and fruits that didn’t grow in their season are produced

by fighting against nature; not by collaborating with natural conditions, the

usage percentage of hybrid seed, insecticide, and chemical fertilizer is

increasing.

Vegetables and fruits of October

Cauliflower

Leek

Grapefruit

Mushroom

Walnut

Cabbage

Spinach

Pomegranate

Carrot

Mandarin

Jerusalem Artichoke Grape

Radish

Pear

Hazelnut

Banana

Apple

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 1 1

https://yesilgazete.org/ekim-ayinda-hangi-sebze-ve-meyveler-tuketilmeli/



In 2015, the United Nations (UN) COP21 Climate Meeting was held in Paris. In order to emphasize the

importance of cities in the climate struggle, Paris Mayor Ann Hidalgo organized the “Climate Summit

for Local Managers” on the same dates. With the participation of over 400 mayors from around the

world, it was the largest meeting with local authorities on the topic of climate. This meeting, where

solutions and targets were discussed, was a first. At the meeting, besides the Paris Climate

Agreement in COP21, it was decided to formally include cities in future meetings.

After the COP21 meeting, Hidalgo mobilized the Municipality of Paris on the climate issue and the

carbon footprint of Paris was calculated using 2014 data. When the sources of greenhouse gas

emissions of Paris are examined, it is seen that approximately 30% originates from the Municipality of

Paris; 5% from municipal buildings and vehicles; 25% is from the decisions taken by the municipality.

Over 70% of emissions were not controlled by the municipality. Therefore, while developing the Climate

Action Plan, it was necessary to include those responsible for 70% of emissions. More than 700

stakeholders participated in the five-month climate action plan process. 30 workshops and more than

100 meetings were held on transportation, waste, air quality, and similar issues. What can be done to

slow down global warming was discussed at length in the City Council. An online platform called “Ms.

President, I Have an Idea” was established and hundreds of suggestions were collected from the public

to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. At the end of the process, the Climate Action Plan was first voted

and accepted by the Municipal Assembly. The plan was then presented to the public and received 96%

support in the popular vote. Another 15,000 people signed up as “climate workers”.

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 1 3

https://ekoiq.com/


Action Plan 2030

Intermediate

Goals And 2050

Ultimate Goals

PARIS CLIMATE ACTION PLAN

Paris Climate Action Plan includes 500 actions, we

can sum them up under 4 topics:

- A 100% renewable energy sourced, zero-carbon

city

- A durable city with high life quality,

- A city that provides necessary resources to achieve

goals

- A city as an ecosystem

ENERGY

- In 2050, the energy necessity of Paris will be

covered from 100% renewable sources.

- 20% of the energy will be obtained from local

sources:

- Local geothermal resources

- A solar energy park ~ 10.000 m² to be established

in Bois de Vincennes,

- Solar panels to be placed to 20% of roofs

- Waste heat (for example, caused by data centers

and sublimation) will be restored.

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 1 4

https://ekoiq.com/


EXAMPLE APPLICATIONS ARE:

- Increase the energy efficiency of buildings

- Green roof application

- Application of usage of LED, etc.

- Measurement tools that show energy usage

in real-time

- Making entire buildings to be built in Paris to

be low carbon and energy positive.

REMEDIATION OF AIR QUALITY

- Usage of diesel to be banned from 2024.

- Usage of gasoline to be banned from 2030.

- Usage of heating with fuel oil to be banned

from 2030.

TRANSPORTATION

Since 2004, greenhouse emissions caused by

transportation is reduced by 40%. As seen from the

2014 carbon footprint study, transportation is the

most intensive greenhouse gas emission source.

- Walking, bicycle, and public transportation to be

prioritized

- The bicycle path network which covers the entire

city to be enhanced

- Vehicles used for public transportation to be

transformed into electrical energy until 2025

- Smart transportation applications to be expanded

- River and train transportation will be concentrated

on.

FOOD

- By establishing a local food network, access

to local, qualified, and organic food will be

ensured

- The area of organic agriculture in the Paris

region is to be increased to 20% by 2030. By

2050, this area will be increased to 30%.

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 1 5

https://ekoiq.com/


BIOBITE

CUPS

The Best Single-Use Cups

Crispy and Delicious. Resistant to hot

drinks. 12h Leak-Proof

Unique

The unique edible cups transform every

coffee into something special. They turn

your coffee into a treat!

Immediate Recycling

The edible wafer cup can be recycled in

more than 7.5 billion stations – including

you.

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 1 6

https://www.biobite.co.uk/


No Sugar Icings or Wax Coatings!

Natural and Vegan!

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 1 7

https://www.biobite.co.uk/


Edible

Wafer Cups

The cup is made from natural

ingredients and is 100%

VEGAN.

The Edible Wafer Cups are the best and most

delicious alternative to single-use plastics and

papers.

A biscuit and a cup. A drink and a snack. All in

one small and delicious package. The ultimate

option for every coffee lover.

The recyclable paper label around the cup

provides the safe handling of the cup before

consumption. It also keeps the wafer away from

the surface it is placed on. So no need to worry

about contamination at all!

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 1 8

https://www.biobite.co.uk/


“Turn Your Coffee Into a Treat”

The Natural and Vegan wafer cups provide a unique

taste experience that transforms your regular morning

coffee into something special.

The innovative manufacturing process enables the

cup to resist cold and hot beverages while staying

deliciously crispy. Our products do not have sugar

icing or wax coating, leaving a natural coffee taste

with a hint of the delicious wafer.

The cups come with a protective paper label, which

makes it cup easy to handle without direct contact and

it isolates the cup from the surfaces it is placed on.

This ensures safe consumption and enables people to

enjoy delicious coffee snacks.

This SMALL cup can have a HUGE impact on the

environment if implemented widely!

The edible wafer cups are the best alternative to

single-use plastics and papers. It is easily degradable

as food waste and the paper labels are recyclable. We

can help to reduce the environmental pollution caused

by the millions of cups thrown away in landfills every

single day.

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 1 9

https://www.biobite.co.uk/




JARDIN NATUREL

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 2 2


J

What is Jardin Naturel? How did it emerge?

ardin Naturel is a woman initiative brand that produces plant-based personal care

products. It was found in Ankara in 2019.

I, Merve Cihan, am actually a landscape architect. In time, my interest in nature

and plants collimated me to aromatherapy. This interest, aromatherapy, and

aesthetician lectures increased my faith in this job. As the result of the synthesis of

desire to produce inside of me and admiration for nature, Jardin Naturel was born.

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 2 3


J

What are the specialties

that distinct plant-based

cosmetics from classic

cosmetics?

ardin Naturel produces herbal

skincare products with nature's

wealth. In our products, we only

use plant-based materials. So,

we’re a brand that makes vegan

production. While we design our

skincare products, we’re utilizing

aromatic oils the most.

We’re expecting to obtain

maximum benefit from these oils

by incorporating the fascinating

effects of fixed and essential oils

into the most correct and reliable

formula for our products. We

choose raw materials in our

skincare products from

trustworthy suppliers carefully.

We prefer pure, natural, and -if

possible- organic raw materials.

Hearing that our products doing

good to our adult or baby

consumers is our top motivation

source.

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 2 4


Why should we prefer solid hair shampoo and

conditioner? What is the top difference between them

and the usual hair care products?

W

hile formulating Jardin Naturel

products, we watch over them to be

pure, natural, vegan, clean

contented, waste-free, cruelty-free to

animals and nature, and humans.

The top advantage of solid shampoo,

solid hair conditioner, and tablet

toothpaste is that they don't

generate plastic waste. Besides that,

preservative-free solid shampoo and

tablet toothpaste formulations

obtained after long timed R&D work,

clean without causing irritation and

toxic cumulation.

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 2 5

In addition to these, one of the greatest

characteristics that distinguish us is the

pleasant usage of our products. While

designing a product, using it with

pleasure is as important as being a

natural and reliable product. Because

there is enormously hard work in the

process between a product leaves

production and reaches the end-user. We

also care for them not to produce waste

while we ship them by cargo too.

Because of it, we don't use protective

plastic and cargo pochette.


You shared the information of

Jardin Naturel Vegan brush is

produced from the "Agave

lechuguilla" plant with us. What is

the importance of this plant and

dry scrubbing for skin?

T

he plant Agave Lechuguilla has

elastic fibers that procure resistance

against several chemicals. Dry

scrubbing helps increase blood

circulation and support lymph

circulation/drainage. It detoxifies the

skin by purging it from the slough.

Scrubbing the skin with Jardin

Naturel Vegan Body Brush while it is

dry; ensures purge the skin from the

slough without losing skins moisture,

increasing blood circulation.

Made from the same plant; our nail

brush helps purge nails from dirt,

bacteria, and microbes. It ensures

cleanliness for dirt between nails

which can’t be seen by eyes. It

purges the skin by speeding

exfoliation on the cuticle and its

surrounding, also ensuring a peeling

effect.

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 2 6


What are your suggestions

to consumers who will

buy and use Jardin Naturel

products?

W

e advise reading the

ingredients of the personal care

product while choosing it. First of

all, one must know that one has

any allergy or not. Because

herbal/natural products may

cause allergic reactions too.

We have products suitable for

every skin type. We advise our

consumers to know their skin

type and choose the most

suitable Jardin Naturel product

for them. We recommend people

who have an allergic constitution,

pregnant, and nursing mothers to

consult their doctors first.

Also, they can always contact us

for any question or advice, from

the contact information of our

website.

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 2 7


PLASTIC IS

NOT A

USEFULLY

RECYCLABLE

MATERIAL!

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 2 8


"Only 91% of the 6,3 billion tons of plastic that humanity has

produced is not recycled – only 99% of them couldn’t get

recycled more than once!"

The human-made polymer named

plastic has so many benefits and so

many usage areas nowadays. [1] You

can read its details of these from here.

In this article, we won’t be talking

about the benefits of plastic or

generally its harms in general, but a

very specific and extreme widespread

lie: The lie that plastics are

materials that are limitlessly

recyclable or as recyclable as other

products. We can give a few simple

statistics to understand that why it’s

an apparent lie:

Between the years 1950-2015, humanity has

produced approx. 8,3 billion tons of plastic (or 8,3

trillion kilograms); 6,3 billons tons (76%) of these

have turned into plastic waste; only 9% of this has

been recycled, only 1% of it has been recycled

more than once.

The entire plastic

produced in the world in

just 2015, 80,5% of them

is not recycled. Instead,

25,5% of it has been

given to the atmosphere

by burning, 55% of it

being used on area filling

– both of which are

factors that accelerate

climate change.

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 2 9

h t t p s : / / e v r i m a g a c i . o r g / p l a s t i k - i s e - y a r a r - b i r - s e k i l d e - g e r i

d o n u s t u r u l e b i l i r - b i r - m a l z e m e - d e g i l d i r - 1 1 0 1 7


S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 3 0

h t t p s : / / w w w . c a n v a . c o m


In Turkey, 9-10% of waste is sent to recycling facilities according

to OECD, while it’s 10-12% according to TÜİK (Turkish Statistical

Institute, translator’s note).

But, according to what

Associate Professor

Sedat Gündoğdu from

Çukurova University

and Microplastics

Research Group has

conveyed, only 1% of

plastics in Turkey

were recycled in

2015.

Despite Turkey cannot deal with its own plastic, it is on course of

being “the dustbin of the US” according to the description of the

Chamber of Environmental Engineers.

The first synthetic polymer, aka plastic, is

invented in 1869 by John Wesley Hyatt for a

contest.

The most important detail we have to know

about plastics is this: Artificial plastics are

produced as a side product of petrol. So,

the common suspect of all trouble that exists

on environmentalism confronts us about

plastic too.

S U S T A I N A B L E M A G A Z I N E | 3 1

h t t p s : / / e v r i m a g a c i . o r g / p l a s t i k - i s e - y a r a r - b i r - s e k i l d e - g e r i -

d o n u s t u r u l e b i l i r - b i r - m a l z e m e - d e g i l d i r - 1 1 0 1 7


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