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draft - US Environmental Protection Agency

draft - US Environmental Protection Agency

LIST OF FIGURES Page

LIST OF FIGURES Page Figure 1 U.S. Commercial Service Airports in Relation to U.S. Ozone Nonattainment Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Figure 2 U.S. Commercial Service Airports in Relation to U.S. Carbon Monoxide Nonattainment Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 v

TECHNICAL DATA TO SUPPORT FAA'S ADVISORY CIRCULAR ON REDUCING EMISSIONS FROM COMMERCIAL AVIATION The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently developed an interim final Federal Implementation Plan control strategy for aircraft operations in the Los Angeles, Sacramento, and Ventura areas of California. In its comments to the EPA on it's California FIP proposal, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) supported the reduction of emissions from commercial aviation through three methods: conversion of ground support equipment (GSE) to alternative fuels, reduced use of auxiliary power units (APUs), and installation of electric power and air conditioning at gates to reduce the need for operating APUs. FAA also agreed to encourage aircraft operators to operate the cleanest practical fleets into the FIP areas. Although Congressional action deferred the proposed FIP for California, the EPA and FAA anticipate similar mandates in the forthcoming California State Implementation Plan (SIP) or a new EPA FIP if a conforming SIP is not produced before the scheduled deadline. Consequently, the EPA and FAA agree there is a need to continue the commercial aviation emission reduction initiative begun as part of the FIP. To this end, FAA plans to develop an advisory circular to encourage continuing progress in reducing emissions in the commercial aviation sector. Under contract to EPA, EEA has collected and compiled technical data for use in developing the advisory circular. Data needed to evaluate the reduction of emissions through the conversion of GSE to alternative fuels is provided including GSE types, fuels, emissions, capital costs, and operating and maintenance costs. Emission reductions through limiting use of APUs is discussed and data needed to quantify this benefit is provided including APU models, emissions, and operating and maintenance costs. To allow limited APU use at airport gates, fixed power and air condition systems are necessary. Data is provided on system 1

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