Alice Vol. 7 No. 3

Charmed continues to inform college women on the issues that matter while also embracing our big sister role in the form of a college survival guide. In this issue, we have everything from a myth-busting UTI article to calling out performative activism efforts. We feature women who are artists, fashion designers and entrepreneurs. There are fool-proof date night looks to ease any new-love butterflies and a deep dive into how a TikTok subculture has revitalized a population’s love for reading. This issue is a celebration of love, and you can call us, charmed.

Charmed continues to inform college women on the issues that matter while also embracing our big sister role in the form of a college survival guide. In this issue, we have everything from a myth-busting UTI article to calling out performative activism efforts. We feature women who are artists, fashion designers and entrepreneurs. There are fool-proof date night looks to ease any new-love butterflies and a deep dive into how a TikTok subculture has revitalized a population’s love for reading. This issue is a celebration of love, and you can call us, charmed.


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FEBRUARY 2022<br />



V O L U M E<br />

S E V E N<br />

I S S U E<br />

T H R E E<br />

[3]<br />


[ letter from the editor ]<br />

Charmed.<br />

Most dictionaries describe the word charmed as unusually<br />

lucky or happy as though protected by magic, and for the<br />

majority of us on staff, this feeling could not be more true. In order for<br />

our staff to be successful, the department leads sat down at the end of<br />

last semester and planned out the entirety of spring. We have two issues<br />

coming to your screens, and one that you will be able to hold in your<br />

hands. This is the most content <strong>Alice</strong> has ever produced, and without the<br />

diligent efforts and passion that each contributor and editor has, none of<br />

this would be possible. I have had the great honor everyday to work with<br />

people that have seemingly endless drive and determination, and I am<br />

continuously inspired by my staff’s ability to adapt and persevere.<br />

It’s a joke around the office that the third issue’s the charm, but<br />

in reality Charmed represents more than a fleeting feeling of luck. It<br />

encompasses the hope that we have for the new year, the love we have<br />

for our readers and the tenacity of our staff. This issue is an ode to the<br />

people we love most and the communities we support. It made sense for<br />

our February launch to embrace the love that is in the air.<br />

All of us at <strong>Alice</strong> feel extremely lucky for every single person who<br />

read an article, interacted with our social media posts and shared our<br />

designs and photos. Last semester, we reached over 18,000 readers and<br />

continued to grow our brand in more ways than one. From September 14<br />

to December 12 we reached over 7,000 accounts on Instagram which was<br />

a 276% increase from June 16 to September 13.<br />

Charmed continues to inform college women on the issues that<br />

matter while also embracing our big sister role in the form of a college<br />

survival guide. In this issue, we have everything from a myth-busting<br />

UTI article to calling out performative activism efforts. We feature<br />

women who are artists, fashion designers and entrepreneurs. There are<br />

fool-proof date night looks to ease any new-love butterflies and a deep<br />

dive into how a TikTok subculture has revitalized a population’s love for<br />

reading. This issue is a celebration of love, and you can call us, charmed.<br />

May your new year be filled with peace and love,<br />

Lindsey Wilkinson<br />


[editors]<br />




















PHOTO<br />


MODELS<br />




Lindsey Wilkinson<br />

Jennafer Bowman<br />

Rebecca Martin<br />

Ella Smyth<br />

Sarah Hartsell<br />

Wesley Picard<br />

Emma Kate Standard<br />

Mary Groninger<br />

Ta’Kyla Bates<br />

Beth Wheeler<br />

Cat Clinton<br />

Jeffrey Kelly<br />

Evy Gallagher<br />

Kendall Frisbee<br />

Katie Morris<br />

Sophia Surrett<br />

Emily Rabbideau<br />

Baylie Smithson, Maddy<br />

Reda, Kierra Thomas,<br />

Kennedi Hall, Morgan<br />

Byerley, Audrey Harper,<br />

Julia Marano, Tory Elliott,<br />

Jolie Money<br />

Sarah Smith, Katie Nebbia,<br />

Kayla Roberson, Katie<br />

Harmon, Mackenzie Stamps,<br />

Jennifer Stroud, Grayson<br />

Byrd<br />

<strong>Alice</strong> Choup, Megan Davis,<br />

Laura Fecanin, Sami<br />

LaCount<br />

Lyric Williams, Caitlen<br />

George, Analise Chambers,<br />

Athena Richardson,<br />

Kennedy Harrison, Kate<br />

Maxwell,<br />

Ariel Yavuncu, Chloe<br />

Clemmons, Natalie Mack<br />

Mya Bolds, Lalia Wilson<br />

Monique Fields<br />

Julie Salter<br />

Editorial and Advertising offices for <strong>Alice</strong> Magazine are located at 414 Campus<br />

Drive East, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487. The mailing address is P.O. Box 870170,<br />

Tuscaloosa, AL 35487. Phone: (205) 348-7257. <strong>Alice</strong> is published by the Office<br />

of Student Media at The University of Alabama. All content and design are<br />

produced by students in consultation with professional staff advisers. All<br />

material contained herein, except advertising or where indicated otherwise, is<br />

copyrighted © 2020 by <strong>Alice</strong> magazine. Material herein may not be reprinted<br />

without the expressed, written permission of <strong>Alice</strong> magazine.<br />


[6]<br />

[table of contents]<br />

Framing Life: The Effects of<br />

Social Media Targeting and Filter<br />

Bubbles<br />

[lifestyle]<br />

The Importance of Internships<br />

Senior Survival Guide<br />

[beauty]<br />

12 Signs, 12 Lipsticks<br />

Body By B<br />

Date Night Looks<br />

18<br />

20<br />

26<br />

[fashion]<br />

In Sew Many Words<br />

The Timeline of Corsets<br />

If You Buy the Shirt, Do the Work<br />

10<br />

12<br />

14<br />

32<br />

36<br />


[features]<br />

Behide -the- Scenes: An Artist’s<br />

Experience<br />

Photostory: A Celebration of Black<br />

History<br />

Resolving Resolutions, Diet Culture<br />

in the New Year<br />

42<br />

46<br />

50<br />

[entertainment]<br />

For Those Who Feel Guilty about<br />

Their Music Taste; Don’t Be<br />

BookTok<br />

Glorfying Abuse in Media<br />

56<br />

58<br />

62<br />

[food and health]<br />

Are Our Essential Oils Actually<br />

Doing Anything?<br />

Negative Self-Talk vs The Brain<br />

UTI Myths and Facts<br />

66<br />

68<br />

70<br />


[lifestyle]<br />

Framing Life: Effects of<br />

Social Media Targeting and Filter<br />

Bubbles<br />

The Importance of Internships<br />

10<br />

12<br />

Senior Survival Guide<br />

14<br />



[10]<br />

Framing Life: The Effects of<br />

Social Media Targeting and Filter<br />

Bubbles<br />

By Cat Clinton

D D<br />

aily encounters aily encounters shape how shape people how see people the<br />

world and see behave the world in it. and Remembering<br />

behave it.<br />

individuals Remembering met during day-to-day individuals life met is easy, during<br />

but what day-to-day about the life social is easy, media but what content about and the<br />

advertisements social media constantly content exposed and advertisements<br />

to platform<br />

users? A constantly majority of exposed students to wake platform up from users? a<br />

cellular A device’s majority alarm of students clock. The wake same up device from a<br />

that is used cellular for listening device’s to alarm music, clock. calling The friends same<br />

and family, device keeping that is virtual used for wallets listening and to bank music,<br />

information, calling shopping, friends and making family, social keeping media virtual<br />

posts and wallets absorbing and bank information, insane number shopping, of<br />

advertisements. making social media posts and absorbing<br />

The common an insane phrase, number “you of advertisements.<br />

are who you hang<br />

out with,” The means common people phrase, find comfort “you are around who you<br />

agreeable hang voices out with,” and opinions. means people Life find is easier comfort<br />

surrounded around by like-minded agreeable people. voices Social and opinions. media<br />

platforms, Life however, is easier may surrounded have taken by like-minded<br />

this idea<br />

too far. people. Students Social get media frustrated platforms, the however, speed<br />

Facebook, may Instagram, have taken Twitter this idea and too other far. Students social<br />

media platforms get frustrated send targeted at the advertisements<br />

speed Facebook,<br />

whenever Instagram, a need Twitter is discussed. and other Suddenly, social media<br />

social media platforms users send are trapped targeted by advertisements<br />

the targeted<br />

advertisements whenever weaved a need throughout is discussed. the Suddenly, social<br />

media feed social also media showing users photos are of trapped friends, by<br />

classmates the and targeted colleagues. advertisements The targeting strategy weaved<br />

allows platforms throughout to the earn social more media “screen-time,” feed also<br />

from users, showing meaning photos people of friends, spend classmates more time and<br />

engaging colleagues. with the app The and targeting more time strategy receiving allows<br />

advertisements. platforms to earn more “screen-time,”<br />

“Consumers, from users, bombarded meaning with people ads spend from the more<br />

moment time they engaging wake up with to the the moment app and they more drift time<br />

off while receiving staring at advertisements.<br />

smartphones, face tailored<br />

experiences, “Consumers, products, bombarded and offers with from ads from the the<br />

brands they moment support. they Advertisers wake up to and the moment marketers they<br />

use a variety drift off of while data staring acquired at smartphones, by monitoring face<br />

online activities tailored -A experiences, tailored ad products, leads to and greater offers<br />

visual attention,” from the brands said Kim they Jihoon, support. assistant Advertisers<br />

professor and of marketers advertising use and a variety public of relations data acquired at<br />

The University by monitoring of Alabama. online activities -A tailored<br />

Companies ad leads sponsoring to greater advertisements visual attention,” pay the<br />

platforms said or apps Kim by Jihoon, the number assistant of users professor viewing of<br />

the post, advertising and even more and for public engagement. relations Tapping at The<br />

a website University link, liking of a Alabama. post or making comments<br />

is tracked and recorded by the social media<br />

platform, and earns the platform a profit.<br />

“Students take in a huge amount of information<br />

far beyond the traditional media. Thus, media<br />

literacy is an essential skill in the digital age. It<br />

will continue to play a key role in creating a new<br />

generation that can retain critical thinking skills<br />

in the midst of a media blizzard,” Jihoon said.<br />

Screen time is good, but engaging with<br />

advertisements will increase profits for<br />

companies using the app as a promotional tool.<br />

The “click”, or engagement numbers are shown<br />

to advertisers as proof targeted social media<br />

advertisements and feed will increase company<br />

income, and currently the users receiving the<br />

advertisements care enough to learn more.<br />

For advertisers and marketing practitioners,<br />

targeting is a blessing. Targeting a user by<br />

collecting records of actions made on the social<br />

media platform makes the job of expanding a<br />

creator or companies audience easier.<br />

“You want to try and suit multiple audiences.<br />

Growing an audience is about understanding<br />

your niche and identifying the story being told,”<br />

said Ryleigh Esco, The PR and Digital Media<br />

Coordinator at Style Advertising, Marketing<br />

and Public Relations. “Never be afraid to ask.<br />

Having more eyes and insight on your work can<br />

help prevent mistakes.”<br />

Connecting with individuals is exciting when<br />

information such as friend group members and<br />

interests are public. A company’s social media<br />

audience, however, is up to users and how the<br />

content is received.<br />

Advertisements being targeted to specific<br />

clients and customers is common, but the<br />

introduction of modifying users’ feed to make<br />

the placement of the advertisement more<br />

appealing is not. Today, a user can scroll<br />

through posts for long periods of time without<br />

seeing the majority of their friends’ posts. This<br />

is because friends with differing views may have<br />

been filtered out. Platform targeting increases<br />

how often people see pleasing social media<br />

posts while adversely removing friends’ content<br />

when it is “low quality”, meaning the post<br />

shared was taken under bad lighting or with an<br />

older generation camera, or if the content takes<br />

a position counter to the profile user’s views.<br />

Controversy can increase user engagement, but<br />

often, more screen time is gained by appealing<br />

to users’ interests.<br />

“People love to hate big tech but for vastly<br />

different reasons. Some claim social media<br />

platforms are impending upon free speech<br />

and others believe they aren’t doing enough<br />

to staunch the flow of misinformation and<br />

moderate hate speech,” said Matthew Barnidge,<br />

an assistant professor at The University of<br />

Alabama, currently teaching Social Media and<br />

Society. “I think so long as we are internalizing<br />

this and thinking about how it applies to our<br />

lives, that is the most important thing.”<br />

Consumers do not have to buy into<br />

advertisements, but the action is more likely<br />

the the advertisements are targeted. People<br />

are likely to befriend others with agreeable<br />

perspectives, but new advertising strategies<br />

place an invisible block on people and posts<br />

controversial to the user. Never experiencing an<br />

active conversation with individuals of different<br />

or ulterior views can limit self reflection and<br />

belief questioning. Understanding the root of<br />

different opinions teaches people resourceful<br />

problem solving techniques. Social media<br />

platform’s new level of gatekeeping might<br />

diminish people’s opportunity to question<br />

ideals, while also placing a long term<br />

restriction on people’s ability to argue while<br />

being respectful.<br />

[11]<br />


[12]<br />

The Importance<br />

of<br />


By Julia Marano

large part of the undergraduate<br />

A journey for students is figuring out<br />

a career path after college. Some students<br />

know exactly what to pursue, and some<br />

students have no sort of idea what comes<br />

next. Whichever category someone<br />

may fall under, every student has one<br />

similarity in common: benefiting from<br />

internships.<br />

Internships can guide students in many<br />

ways, whether it solidifies our choice in<br />

careers or shifts us in a totally different<br />

direction. Whichever happens, experience<br />

is one key to a successful internship.<br />

“As a person whose dream is to become<br />

a lawyer, I now realize how crucial<br />

internships are in gaining experience<br />

before attending law school. I was always<br />

taught that no matter how much you<br />

read on a particular subject, the best way<br />

to attain knowledge on that subject is<br />

to experience it in real life. I am forever<br />

grateful that I have the opportunity to do<br />

so,” said Carolina Menezes, a junior at<br />

University of Central Florida working as<br />

a Student Intern at the Michael Brehne<br />

Personal Injury Law Firm.<br />

When participating in internships, not<br />

only can students be exposed to new<br />

environments, but we can also familiarize<br />

ourselves with the people already working<br />

in these environments. These people can<br />

make great professional connections,<br />

which can later lead to potential jobs after<br />

graduation.<br />

Many of us have little to no exposure<br />

to our potential careers, unless we see<br />

them on television or hear about other<br />

experiences. These glimpses into a certain<br />

career can be very misleading. The lives<br />

of the women on “Selling Sunset’’ may<br />

be glamorous and rewarding, but they<br />

did not start their careers off by selling<br />

multi-million-dollar houses. Many people<br />

pursue medicine because they love Grey’s<br />

Anatomy, and although there is nothing<br />

wrong with that, it is always beneficial<br />

to discover what being a surgeon is like<br />

through internships.<br />

When looking for jobs after graduation,<br />

an employer looks for experience.<br />

Internships are a great way to<br />

demonstrate that a candidate is serious<br />

about committing their entire career<br />

to a certain field. Many students come<br />

straight out of college with no experience<br />

whatsoever, which may cause some<br />

skepticism for potential employers to hire<br />

someone who knows nothing about the<br />

work atmosphere they are entering.<br />

“The first and most beneficial way a<br />

high school student benefits from an<br />

internship experience is as a means of<br />

exploring their interest in a potential<br />

major or career. said Graciela Gallinar, an<br />

educational consultant located in Coral<br />

Gables, Florida. “It demonstrates to their<br />

colleges that they are developing their<br />

interest in a more in-depth way,”<br />

Internships in a certain industry are not<br />

only beneficial for potential employers<br />

but for potential employees as well. It<br />

can give us a glimpse into an industry’s<br />

working mechanisms and structure, and<br />

can also be a great way to see if we fit<br />

into a certain atmosphere. We need to<br />

ask ourselves whether or not we can see<br />

ourselves being successful here.<br />

“Internships serve as a “vetting” process<br />

to make sure you like the line of work<br />

before you start a full-time job in that<br />

field. The last thing you want to do is to<br />

work so hard in your academic career,<br />

only to find out that you don’t like your<br />

job once you start full-time in your field<br />

of work. Internships serve as a screening<br />

mechanism to help prevent this scenario<br />

from occurring, and to ensure that you<br />

like the line of work before you sign on<br />

the dotted line,” said Douglas Klutz,<br />

a professor of criminal justice at The<br />

University of Alabama.<br />

Many students may be hesitant or<br />

intimidated to partake in internships<br />

for several valid reasons. Some may<br />

expect for internships to require certain<br />

requisites and prior experience and<br />

some may, but most do not. Another<br />

reason that students may be hesitant is<br />

that it is a huge responsibility, almost<br />

like another job. A student could have<br />

a very demanding internship, but many<br />

work around students’ schedules and<br />

acknowledge that school comes first.<br />

Most internships are intended to help, so<br />

making sure the intern is able to balance<br />

school and the workload is a priority<br />

for many employers. Students may also<br />

feel intimidated due to the increasing<br />

competitiveness of internships, but there<br />

is a spot for an intern everywhere.<br />

<strong>No</strong>w that you may be more comfortable<br />

with what an internship is and its<br />

purpose, where do you find one that fits<br />

you? Douglas Klutz, a professor at the<br />

University of Alabama gives us some<br />

tips on how to find internships. He says,<br />

“Regularly check websites like Indeed,<br />

Glassdoor, LinkedIn, and USAjobs.<br />

gov under the “Pathways Program”<br />

(for federal internships). Reach out to<br />

family and friends who work in a related<br />

field as well - personal connections go a<br />

long way.” If you already have a certain<br />

company that you dream of working for,<br />

but they do not have any information<br />

about internships, reaching out is also<br />

another tip Mr. Klutz suggests. “Don’t be<br />

shy to reach out directly to companies/<br />

agencies you are interested in interning<br />

with, as most of them have a specific area<br />

on their websites dedicated to detailing<br />

internship opportunities available<br />

internally within their organization.”<br />

There are many components to<br />

internships, there are paid and unpaid<br />

internships, internships that are everyday<br />

or once a week, internships across the<br />

country or around the corner. Knowing<br />

what fits your schedule and what you<br />

are looking for is very beneficial to<br />

understand before going to look for<br />

internships. Between working and<br />

school, many students cannot afford<br />

unpaid experience. Fortunately, there are<br />

increasing amounts of paid internships<br />

that students can benefit through<br />

financially while simultaneously gaining<br />

valuable experience. Many majors also<br />

include internships as course credits, to<br />

learn and apply what you learn inside of<br />

the classroom in the outside world.<br />

It is important to remember that<br />

internships are made for you, not just<br />

for the employer. They should make the<br />

intern feel as though they are there to<br />

help, gain experience and learn, not used<br />

for busy work or fetching coffee everyday.<br />

Making sure you research and know what<br />

to look for in a company is very important<br />

to ensure you are getting the most out of<br />

your valuable time as a student. If you<br />

have any more questions or concerns<br />

about internships, be sure to contact your<br />

university’s career center, they can help<br />

lead you in the right direction for where to<br />

begin your internship journey.<br />


SENIOR<br />




College is an experience like no other,<br />

and for some it can be hard to navigate.<br />

Most freshmen will go their entire life with<br />

structure and guardians who are there<br />

to guide them, and then months after<br />

graduation are expected to know what to do<br />

on their own. Here is a comprehensive list<br />

of topics in which advice is separated into<br />

three categories – school, health and social.<br />

SCHOOL<br />

School is undoubtedly the hardest to<br />

navigate during students’ first semester.<br />

Schedules are different each day, books<br />

are expensive and finding the right<br />

building can be confusing.<br />

Advice #1: To help decide on<br />

majors, minors, or specializations,<br />

try taking a variety of classes to<br />

see which one peaks interest.<br />

Students are offered a variety of<br />

classes ranging from criminal justice to<br />

anthropology, and they will likely enjoy<br />

and dislike many of them. Majors and<br />

GPA (grade point average) do not define<br />

a student’s potential, and most people<br />

(including me) still have no idea what to<br />

do after graduating. Every student must<br />

find something that piques personal<br />

interest, then look into ways of declaring<br />

it as a minor or additional major. Use<br />

extracurriculars to explore interests and<br />

possible skills.<br />

Advice #2: Utilize on-campus<br />

resources.<br />

Every college campus has resources to<br />

help students succeed, so use them.<br />

Daniella Fernandez, a senior nursing<br />

major at The University of Alabama, said,<br />

“Get ahead of peers and use the career<br />

center for resume building and to prepare<br />

for internships and job applications”.<br />

Join organizations and get involved<br />

on-campus. An extensive resume gives<br />

students an advantage over competing<br />

applicants. When struggling with a<br />

class, take advantage of the University’s<br />

tutoring services. Some resources may<br />

be hard to find and barely advertised,<br />

so students should check for a college<br />

resource website to learn about what is<br />

offered.<br />

“Freshmen need to take a course or go to<br />

a seminar that focuses on the resources<br />

campus has to offer,” said Jayuanna<br />

Harris, a senior nursing major at The<br />

University of Alabama.<br />

HEALTH<br />

It is essential that a student’s physical<br />

and mental well-being is a priority.<br />

College bodies know themselves, so<br />

even if the habits recommended in this<br />

guide are not personally beneficial, other<br />

habits and tricks may help to stay healthy<br />

because everyone’s body works in a<br />

different way.<br />

All things considered, college is<br />

stressful. Balancing school, social life<br />

and alone time is hard but is manageable<br />

when students respond to physical needs<br />

as recommended by health professionals.<br />

Advice #1: Take mental health<br />

days.<br />

“The world will keep spinning if you<br />

take a day to yourself,” said Shannon<br />

Healy, a senior public relations major at<br />

The University of Alabama.<br />

Simply sitting in dorms or apartments<br />

with a book or good movie can improve<br />

someone’s mood. Some people use their<br />

mental health day to do a face mask,<br />

yoga or simply sit outside. Do whatever<br />

is necessary to keep yourself grounded.<br />

Advice #2: Exercise.<br />

Exercise can help with and prevent a<br />

variety of health issues and improve mood<br />

swings and anxious thoughts. Luckily,<br />

the level of physical activity necessary is<br />

personalized. Joining a fitness boutique,<br />

yoga studio or recreational gym can give<br />

students the exercise needed. Exercise<br />

can also serve as a break from the day,<br />

allowing students to take a step back<br />

from studying for a test or completing a<br />

project.<br />

SOCIAL<br />

Like school and health, the social aspect<br />

of college is different. This is the time to<br />

learn what kind of friends each student<br />

wants and how many. <strong>No</strong>t everyone<br />

gravitates to a large group of friends,<br />

although some people love big friend<br />

groups. Students can join social clubs, go<br />

to on-campus events or use social skills<br />

in the classroom. Whatever it may be,<br />

how students socialize is completely a<br />

personal choice.<br />

Advice #1: Give yourself time to<br />

make friends, it will not happen on<br />

day one.<br />

Off the bat, it seems like everyone else<br />

has best friends. Social media can be<br />

deceiving, so do not assume others are<br />

not in the same boat. Meeting new people<br />

every day is part of college, and students<br />

will have the opportunity to make friends<br />

with every class or study session held.<br />

Remain patient, because true friends will<br />

come. It just takes time to decide who<br />

that is.<br />

Advice #2: “Don’t spread yourself<br />

too thin,”<br />

This means students shouldn’t<br />

overcommit, especially when there is<br />

no time for mental health or personal<br />

wellbeing. Do not be afraid to say no,<br />

especially when feeling overwhelmed. It<br />

can be hard saying no, especially with<br />

the fear of disappointing friends, but<br />

overcommitment can exhaust students<br />

and will result in rushed work. Students<br />

on campus should go to social events<br />

and hang out with friends while also<br />

learning when it is appropriate to stay in<br />

and catch up on schoolwork. College is a<br />

learning experience. The transition will<br />

not be easy and mistakes will be made,<br />

but boundaries help.<br />

Time flies when having fun. Although<br />

college is amazing, students must<br />

understand it is not the end. It is an<br />

amazing four years to reflect on and<br />

cherish fondly. Students should enjoy<br />

college, learn how to self-reflect and<br />

observe other people, push themselves<br />

academically and try new and frightening<br />

experiences.<br />


[beauty]<br />

12 Signs, 12 Lipsticks<br />

Body By B<br />

18<br />

20<br />

Date Night Looks<br />

26<br />



12 SIGNS,<br />

12 LIPSTICKS<br />


Astrology has taken the world by storm in recent years and knowing someone’s zodiac sign is almost as common<br />

as knowing someone’s birthday. The astrological signs are assigned by looking at where the sun, moon and other<br />

planets are positioned at the time of birth. Astrology charts can get complicated because a single person’s chart can include<br />

multiple signs, but beginners usually focus on sun signs. Each sign possesses its own unique characteristics, which makes<br />

assigning a lip color to each one a personalized and fun process. With the new year, everyone is feeling a little stir-crazy and<br />

ready to switch things up. A quick way to find a new shade to try out and dabble in astrology is to find a shade based on a sun sign.<br />

A fiery and fun sign, a bold red perfectly matches Aries’ inner fire.<br />

ARIES<br />

March 21-April 19<br />

Elizabeth Arden Red Door Red Lipstick<br />

Elizabeth Arden’s Red Door Lipstick is a true, bright red. Designed to be a show-stopper, this<br />

fiery red and Aries’ fiery personality go hand-in-hand. Apart from this red lip, any bold and<br />

flashy color will bring out the inner nature of Aries.<br />

TAURUS<br />

April 20-May 20<br />

Grounded and earthy, a neutral satin lipstick compliments Taurus’<br />

easiness.<br />

YSL Rouge Pur Couture Satin Lipstick<br />

YSL Rouge Pur Couture Satin Lipstick is a balanced, true neutral pink. <strong>No</strong>t too peachy and not<br />

too pink, this lipstick compliments the balanced nature of Taurus. Taurus is the epitome of the<br />

easy-going earth sign, so any natural color would compliment the easiness of Taurean people.<br />


Quick-witted with two sides, this two-ended lipstick matches Gemini’s<br />

GEMINI<br />

May 21- June 20<br />

spark.<br />

NYX Shine Loud High Shine Lip Color<br />

NYX Shine Loud High Shine lip Color is a dual-ended lipstick to lip gloss masterpiece. Gemini is<br />

the sign of two faces–the twins. They can have a friendly, social side as well as a calm, collected<br />

side. Lip products that can keep up with Gemini’s day-to-night lifestyle are key.<br />

Caring and empathetic in its nature, Cancer pairs amazing with a<br />

CANCER<br />

June 21-July 22<br />

dainty pink.<br />

Charlotte Tilbury Superstar Lips Lipstick<br />

Charlotte Tilbury’s Superstar Lips Lipstick is a sheer, shimmery pink. Feminine and dainty,<br />

it compliments Cancer well in their romantic and emotional nature. Cancer looks best in any<br />

products that leave them feeling happy and feminine.<br />

The show-stopper of the zodiac, fierce Leo embodies a great golden lip<br />

LEO<br />

July 23-August 22<br />

gloss–a true cherry on top.<br />

Chanel Rouge Coco Gloss Top Coat 774<br />

Chanel Rouge Coco Gloss Top Coat in 774 may as well be liquid gold. Expecting nothing less,<br />

Leo needs this head turning gloss to highlight their lips and feel luxurious at all times. Best in<br />

gold and bronze colors, any magnificent lip gloss helps Leo put on a show.<br />

VIRGO<br />

August 23-<br />

September 22<br />

Orderly yet practical, Virgo can pull off a good neutral, tinted balm to<br />

save the day.<br />

Glossier Ultralip in Dusty Rose<br />

Glossier Ultralip in Dusty Rose is perfect for the gal-on-the-go. Virgo is nothing short of that,<br />

prioritizing their success and order day-to-day. A comfortable, practical lip product that can<br />

stick with Virgo through their day and keep them looking great is essential.<br />


LIBRA<br />

September 23-October 22<br />

Embodying romance and grace, Libra needs a lipstick that can be flirty<br />

and feminine: the rose shade.<br />

Revlon Super Lustrous Lipstick in 130 Rose Velvet<br />

Revlon Super Lustrous Lipstick in 130 Rose Velvet is a stunning rosey-pink velvet lipstick. Roses<br />

are known for their romantic nature and beauty, much like Libra. Libra is ruled by Venus, the<br />

planet of beauty, so any lipstick to help them feel beautiful is the way to their heart.<br />


October 23-<strong>No</strong>vember 21<br />

Being the most intense of the zodiac, Scorpio best pairs with a deep<br />

burgundy shade.<br />

NARS Iconic Lipstick in Impulse<br />

NARS Iconic Lipstick in Impulse is a deep burgundy lipstick. Scorpio is ambitious, striking and<br />

passionate. It’s no question that they have to be given lipstick to match that intense nature.<br />


<strong>No</strong>vember 22-December 21<br />

Always on the go and in search of the next fun event, Sagittarius needs<br />

a versatile and long-lasting lipstick.<br />

NARS Lipstick in Gipsy<br />

NARS Lipstick in Gipsy is a deeper, neutral pink color that is almost teetering on the red side.<br />

Sagittarius is a fire sign that cannot be held down or limited, so this daring neutral can keep up<br />

with their ever-changing pace and keep them looking their best whether in the office or at dinner<br />

with friends.<br />


December 21-January 20<br />

More focused on their money and passions, Capricorn needs a lip<br />

product to get them by and work with their simple style.<br />

Clinique Dramatically Different Lipstick in 08 Intimately<br />

Clinique Dramatically Different Lipstick in 08 Intimately is a light pink lipstick that bears<br />

skincare benefits for the lips in the center of the stick. Capricorn needs practicality, and this<br />

lipstick will work as not only a beautiful finish to their makeup, but also keep them nourished<br />

while they’re making their money.<br />



January 21-February 18<br />

With their desire to be unique at all times and different from the crowd,<br />

it’s no surprise that Aquarius would pair well with any off-the-wall color,<br />

especially a daring blue.<br />

Fenty Beauty Mattemoiselle Plush Matte in Ya Dig?!<br />

Fenty Beauty Mattemoiselle Plush Matte in “Ya Dig?!” breaks users out of their comfort zone as<br />

it is a striking periwinkle blue. Aquarius is the zodiac that is determined to take the “road not<br />

taken” in their style. Therefore, a daring and risky lipstick color such as blue can be given its<br />

moment by them.<br />

PISCES<br />

February 19-March 20<br />

The soft-spoken dreamer, Pisces pairs exceptionally well with a light<br />

pink gloss to top things off in a sort of sweet and gentle manner.<br />

Sephora Ultra Shine Lip Gloss in 07 Pink Crystal<br />

Sephora Ultra Shine Lip Gloss in 07 Pink Crystal is a light pink shimmery gloss with a light pearl<br />

added to its sheen. This dreamy combination is perfect for sweet Pisces. Pisces loves all things<br />

pretty and light in the world, and this lipstick is nothing short of that.<br />



Get the latest looks without leaving T-town.<br />

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Shop Mon-Thurs 10am-7pm; Fri-Sat 10am-8pm<br />

Sunday 1-5:30pm<br />


BODY BY<br />



[22]<br />


Scrolling daily through Instagram, viewers<br />

are never 100% sure what they will come<br />

upon. Although there is an algorithm, the<br />

variety of posts is broad enough to keep<br />

followers guessing what they will see. It may be a<br />

recipe, an inspirational quote or possibly a shared<br />

post of a TikTok featuring a beautiful African-<br />

American woman answering questions about her<br />

skincare brand, dancing to the beat of the song<br />

in the background. As a full-time college student<br />

majoring in computer science at Jacksonville<br />

State University, Tuscaloosa native, Brooke<br />

Gaines-Cannon (@therealzekesmom) has created<br />

a skincare brand, Body By B (@bodybybllc) from<br />

the ground up at 20-years-old and she openly<br />

shares her journey behind the process of making<br />

her brand.<br />

In order for others to gain insight into the<br />

beginnings of her brand, Gaines-Cannon shares a<br />

rather personal story about her inspiration behind<br />

where the brand originates.<br />

“One day I was looking at my son, Ezekiel,<br />

while he was asleep. I noticed that his face was<br />

breaking out. After receiving some weird old<br />

remedies, I started researching ways to make my<br />

own remedies for him. A year later, Body By B was<br />

born.”<br />

Gaines-Cannon’s openness about the beginnings<br />

of her brand is an inspiring message for women<br />

everywhere, empowering women to believe if<br />

the solution isn’t there, they can create it for<br />

themselves.<br />

Starting a brand is no easy task, Gaines-<br />

Cannon outlined her process by highlighting<br />

the importance of finances, sourcing natural<br />

ingredients, testing products and creating a social<br />

media platform.<br />

“My first step was receiving the funding. I didn’t<br />

want to start out in debt, so I saved money when<br />

I could. From there, it was finding honest vendors<br />

with natural products. Creating the look of the<br />

brand wasn’t hard for me at all because I could<br />

see it every time I closed my eyes. I then tested<br />

my products on myself and others. The last part<br />

was creating my social media pages, which was<br />

probably the most fun part of it all (right after<br />

making the products).”<br />

Everyone has picked up a skincare product in a<br />

store and attempted to read the treacherous list of<br />

ingredients on the back and stopped after “water,<br />

glycerin,...” because of the extensive names that<br />

follow. Luckily, Body By B’s body butter consists<br />

of easy-to-read natural ingredients such as Shea<br />

Butter, Coconut oil, Kokum Butter, Mango Butter,<br />

Fragrance Oil, Lavender essential oil and Jojoba<br />

oil.<br />

Body By B’s brand is centralized around having<br />

natural vegan products. Gaines-Cannon stated<br />

the reasoning being the infiltration of skincare<br />

products containing synthetic ingredients, “I want<br />


to be honest with my customers about what they<br />

are putting on their bodies. You don’t have to be a<br />

chemistry major to understand my ingredients list. I<br />

take pride in that.”<br />

Gaines-Cannon described the biggest obstacle during<br />

her journey as an entrepreneur is the patience it takes<br />

to create a business from the ground up.<br />

“It’s almost like being pregnant. You know that you’re<br />

carrying this amazing gift that you can’t wait for the<br />

world to see. I know that my company will help billions<br />

of people one day. So in the meantime, I make it a<br />

priority to enjoy every moment,” she said.<br />

It’s said patience is a virtue, and Gaines-Cannon<br />

embodies this statement through her process in<br />

creating her brand. Gaines-Cannon is a woman who<br />

wears many hats–it’s a wonder how she’s managed to<br />

be a business-owning entrepreneur and a student all<br />

at once.<br />

“Balance is a mindset. I have to prioritize. As much as<br />

I love my business,<br />

I make sure that<br />

school is taken<br />

care of first, ” she<br />

explained.<br />

Seeing as Gaines-<br />

Cannon’s puts<br />

time and effort<br />

into her company<br />

Instagram, social<br />

media is a major<br />

aspect of the<br />

promotion of Body<br />

By B.<br />

“Social media has<br />

been a huge tool in<br />

the promotion of<br />

my brand. It’s how I<br />

communicate with<br />

my Body Babes.<br />

Although, it’s more than just pushing your products. It’s<br />

creating trust, building relationships and I even post<br />

games sometimes. Social media has been a huge part<br />

of staying connected, especially during the pandemic.<br />

So I try to keep in mind that a little commercial break<br />

every now and then can be beneficial for everyone,”<br />

Gaines-Cannon said.<br />

Gaines-Cannon’s professionalism is seen through her<br />

social media pages and the running of her business.<br />

Owning her own brand at such a young age was no<br />

surprise for Gaines-Cannon, as she said she has<br />

dreamed this for herself for many years,<br />

“When I was younger, I would see young entrepreneurs<br />

like Jayda Cheaves doing their thing. Fear is not an<br />

obstacle to me, but seeing her move so professionally<br />

at a young age definitely showed me that my dreams<br />

were attainable.” Jayda Cheaves is described by<br />

The Sun as being, “a serial entrepreneur also known<br />

as a youtuber and Instagram model.” Similarly to<br />

Gaines-Cannon, Cheaves started her “entrepreneurial<br />

journey [at a young age] in the field of marketing and<br />

branding” (The Sun). Later opening her own store<br />

selling cosmetics, going on to own an online company<br />

that generates nearly $2 million a year in revenue<br />

(The Sun).<br />

Confidence is key. Thankfully, Gaines-Cannon’s<br />

confidence in her brand and most importantly,<br />

herself, have shown through in her success. Gaines-<br />

Cannon’s vision behind her brand exemplifies that<br />

statement. In describing her vision she explained,<br />

“The vision behind my brand is to increase<br />

confidence through self-care. The body goes through<br />

so many things, especially for women. Through<br />

those changes (like having a baby) I’ve learned that<br />

when you take good care of your body, it takes care<br />

of you. Cars can’t move without gas, I make sure that<br />

my gas tank never gets to E, so why would I let my<br />

body do it?”<br />

Though we all probably let our bodies get to “E”<br />

sometimes, thankfully Body By B offers the perfect<br />

body butter fuel in scents much better than gasoline,<br />

such as pink sugar (“Think Pink”), intuition<br />

cologne (“Already<br />

Knowing”), amber<br />

(“Amber Alert”),<br />

baby powder (“Baby<br />

Face”) and an<br />

unscented option<br />

(“Just Vibes”) for<br />

sensitive skin types.<br />

As far as the future<br />

of Body By B and<br />

the expansion of her<br />

range of products,<br />

Gaines-Cannon said<br />

there is much in<br />

store, “I will expand<br />

to products for acne,<br />

clothes and so much<br />

more. I want to<br />

have something for<br />

everyone.”<br />

And Gaines-Cannon is just getting started. She<br />

maintains a credible work ethic and fiery passion for<br />

her future that is evident in the success of her brand.<br />

Gaines-Cannon left future aspiring entrepreneurs an<br />

inspiring and encouraging word of advice, “Go for it!<br />

A lot of times we want things to be perfect; success<br />

does not require perfection. It requires a start.”<br />



DATE<br />

NIGHT<br />

LOOKS<br />

By: Jennafer Bowman & Beth Wheeler<br />

Looking to add a pop of color to your date night look? Follow<br />

along with our tutorial below to get the perfect look.<br />

01<br />

Apply your base<br />

On a clean, moisturized face, begin to apply your base. Apply<br />

your favorite primer all over your face and into your neck. After<br />

the primer has dried, it’s time to prep your eyes, apply a light<br />

concealer to the lid of your eye and blend it out to the bottom<br />

of your eyebrow around to your under eyes, so all of your eye<br />

area is covered. A mini beauty blender works best, but a brush<br />

will work too.<br />

02<br />

The Eyes<br />

The Eyes (Huda Beauty Ruby Obsessions eye shadow<br />

palette, Too Faced Better Than Sex Mascara and<br />

Benefit Roller Lash Mascara)<br />

Using a small circular eyeshadow brush take the lightest shade<br />

in your eyeshadow palette (Ruby #1) and blend the color onto<br />

your lid and up through your crease in a delicate circular<br />

motion, blending up into the eyebrow bone.<br />

Next, take the same fluffy brush and lightly rub it in the second<br />

to last darkest color you want to use in your look, this will be<br />

your main color that will be over the entire eye. (Ruby #8) In<br />

an upward motion start on the outside of your eyelid closest to<br />

[26]<br />

your ear and blend all over your lid and to the bottom of your<br />

eyebrow bone.<br />

TIP: Try to use a brush cleaner or tap off your brush<br />

between switching shadows.<br />

Take the darkest shade in your palette (Ruby #4) with that<br />

same fluffy brush and in a circular motion lightly blend the<br />

color into the outer crease of your eye, slowly making its way<br />

over to the inner corner. Make sure to blend up and in light<br />

circles.<br />

Take the same main color from before (Ruby #8) and lend<br />

from the inner corner into the outer crease to blend the<br />

colors together.<br />

Lastly, with a flat-headed brush dab a tiny bit of concealer<br />

(Too Faced Shape Tape Concealer) onto it and lightly pat<br />

the product into your inner eye to the middle of your lid,<br />

making sure it’s covered in an almost wave-like shape on<br />

the eye. Use that same brush and pat it into a glitter-based<br />

shadow (Ruby #2 and Ruby #3) and pat the shadow over the<br />

concealer-covered area until it’s as glittery as desired. Then<br />

take your main shade with the fluffy brush and lightly blend<br />

between where the glitter stops and the dark shadow begins.<br />

TIP: Wipe away any excess shadow with a powder brush<br />

and use q-tips to clean up edges around the eye.<br />

Curl lashes with an eyelash curler then apply two mascaras<br />

in an upwards brushing motion. Apply to bottom eyelashes<br />

if desired.

03<br />

The Base’s Additions<br />

Tarte’s Park Ave Princess Contour Palette<br />

Taking any contour palette, use your designated shade and rub<br />

a straight-lined contour brush into it. (Princess Cut) Starting<br />

near your ear, gently rub in an angled linear motion the powder<br />

across the hollow of your cheeks. Take a larger, fluffier version<br />

of the same style of brush and blend, up and down, to create<br />

a softer contour on the cheek. Apply contour to other desired<br />

areas, such as the jawline, nose and hairline area and blend<br />

appropriately.<br />

04<br />

The Second Layer<br />

Too Faced Born This Way Foundation, Nars Radiant<br />

Concealer & Bareminerals Bare Pro<br />

06<br />

The Lips<br />

Lime Crime Wet Cherry Lip Gloss in Sweet<br />

Cherry<br />

To finish your look, add any colored lip gloss to the<br />

center of the lip and press them together until it’s spread<br />

to the entire area.<br />

To begin, damp your beauty blender sponge (egg-shaped<br />

sponge) and place multiple drops of foundation onto the back<br />

of your hand. Patting the bigger end of the sponge into the<br />

foundation spots, beginning at the nose, pat the foundation<br />

onto your face, go to the ears, hairline and base of the neck to<br />

get a thorough blend. Continue until the area is covered to your<br />

desire.<br />

Using the applicator on the concealer, dab small dots on the<br />

problem and under eye areas. Taking the pointy end of the<br />

sponge, blend up and down the concealer into a the eye bag<br />

area, around to the side of each eye and to the top of the cheek<br />

until blended into the skin.<br />

Using a setting powder and a large fluffy face brush, apply<br />

setting powder to all areas that you applied foundation. Use a<br />

light circular motion to perfectly set the powder.<br />

05<br />

The Base’s Additions<br />

The Balm Bahama Mama Bronzer, Nars Blush in the<br />

shade Orgasm, Jouer Powder Highlighter in shade<br />

Rose Quartz<br />

Using an angled brush and a bronzer, run the brush over the<br />

same area contour was applied and blend. With a flathead blush<br />

brush lightly pat and tap off excessive blush and then tap lightly<br />

onto cheekbones and tap outwards to the hairline. With a fan<br />

brush, rub highlighter onto it and lightly tap off any excess.<br />

Brushing upwards starting at the midpoint of the cheekbone<br />

to the temple apply a highlighter. Highlight under the eyebrow<br />

bone, on the tip of the nose and on the outline of the lips.<br />



GLAM<br />

If you’re looking for a more natural go-to look but still want to feel<br />

glam and glowy on date night, this next tutorial can show you how<br />

to amplify your own natural beauty.<br />

01<br />

Apply your base<br />

(Charlotte Tilbury Flawless Filter,<br />

Maybelline Fit Me Foundation, Kylie Jenner<br />

Skin Concealer, Wet N’ Wild Contour Stick,<br />

Makeup Revolution Luxury Baking Powder)<br />

Starting on a clean, moisturized face, apply a few<br />

dots of a glowy primer onto the high points of your<br />

face for a glowy, filter-like effect. On top of that,<br />

apply a thin layer of a natural finish foundation<br />

and blend it in evenly. Moving onto concealer,<br />

apply a concealer close to your skin tone (or 1 shade<br />

lighter for an extra highlighted effect) on any small<br />

blemishes, down the nose bridge, under the eyes and<br />

on the eyelids as a primer, the forehead, the chin and<br />

under your jawline where you would contour (this<br />

will “reverse” highlight and give your cheeks a nice<br />

lift from underneath). Blend that in, then apply a<br />

cream bronzer slightly above your cheekbone line<br />

and blend that upward to avoid dragging the cheeks<br />

down (or skip to powder bronzer later if you prefer<br />

that and apply the same way). Finally, after blending<br />

in well, set with powder where you concealed.<br />

02<br />

The Base + Additions<br />

(Milk Makeup Lip + Cheek in Werk, Benefit<br />

HOOLA Bronzer, Sephora Brow Pencil,<br />

Anastasia Clear Brow Gel)<br />

After sweeping away any leftover setting powder, blend<br />

a cream blush onto the high cheeks with a dense brush.<br />

Apply a small amount of powder bronzer to set the cream<br />

bronzer (or just apply powder if you opted out of cream).<br />

Moving onto eyebrows to shape the face, use a pencil with<br />

a color close to your skin tone to fill in any sparse areas or<br />

add shape. Set that with a clear brow gel.<br />

03<br />

The Eyes<br />

Benefit HOOLA Bronzer, Milk Makeup Kush<br />

Mascara, NYX Eyeliner in Pure White<br />

The eyes for this look are kept simple. Using a powder<br />

bronzer, preferably the same as the one used on the face,<br />

sweep this into your crease. For a bit deeper look, always<br />

layer more of the same bronzer. Curl your lashes and add<br />

mascara. Lastly, apply white eyeliner on your bottom waterline<br />

for a nice pop.<br />

04<br />

The Lips<br />

NYX Lip Pencil Nude Suede Shoes, Maybelline<br />

Lifter Gloss in 002 Ice<br />

Lastly, apply the perfect nude lip liner around the perimeter<br />

of your lips, or even a little outside if you’re feeling it.<br />

Blend it in towards the center of your lip using either the<br />

pencil or just your finger. Apply a plumping gloss over it<br />

all for a very natural look that will still turn heads.<br />



[fashion]<br />

In Sew Many Words<br />

32<br />

The Timeline of Corsets<br />

36<br />

If You Buy the Shirt,<br />

Do the Work<br />

38<br />



IN SEW<br />


Inside the World of Student Designers<br />

By Lindsey Wilkinson<br />

Family and friends filed into The<br />

Bama Theatre for the Fashion for Life showcase<br />

put on by The Student Fashion Association.<br />

The models stood still as designers made last<br />

minute changes to the designs they had been<br />

working on since the summer. Excited chatter<br />

and the promise of dreams fulfilled permeated<br />

behind the stage. On a crisp <strong>No</strong>vember night,<br />

13 University of Alabama senior apparel design<br />

students unveiled their senior collections.<br />

For Priscilla Olson and Laurel<br />

Revers, senior apparel design majors at The<br />

University of Alabama, this was a moment<br />

they had been waiting for since they were<br />

toddlers.<br />

“I actually knew what I wanted to<br />

do by the age of 3. My sister was six years<br />

older than me, and she came home one day<br />

talking about fashion design. I saw some of the<br />

sketches in her sketchbook, and I loved it. So<br />

I started taking recycled materials and using<br />

dress forms. It’s really neat how everything<br />

has come full circle,” Olson said.<br />

For Revers, her love of fashion came<br />

from familiar ties too.<br />

“Ever since I was really young, my<br />

aunt, who is an interior designer, would come<br />

over to our house and always say the word<br />

fashion around me,” said Revers.<br />

Even though some students have always<br />

loved fashion, it can be difficult to hone in<br />

on what inspires them. Some designers look<br />

to the people around them, while others look<br />

towards art, culture and history.<br />

Olson said she became obsessed with a<br />

vintage aesthetic, but she couldn’t pinpoint<br />

why until she began mind mapping for her<br />

senior collection in May. Olson regularly<br />

visited her grandfather in his nursing home,<br />

and through her pageant background, she has<br />

been volunteering at senior living spaces for<br />

over ten years.<br />

“Through volunteering and visiting<br />

my grandfather, I started to learn more about<br />

the time period they had lived through and the<br />

legacies that they were leaving behind. The<br />

pivotal moment for me was when Mr. Taylor<br />

asked me what exactly I was talking about<br />

when I said vintage with a modern twist,” she<br />

said, referring to Brian Taylor, a professor<br />

in the department of clothing, textiles and<br />

interior design at The University of Alabama.<br />

Olson landed on 1950s Christian<br />

Dior couture and her modern twist came from<br />

art and sculptures.<br />

Many apparel design students find their<br />

inspiration from anywhere and everywhere.<br />

Janiah Pickett, a junior apparel and textile<br />

design major, serves as the Student Fashion<br />

Association (SFA) fashion show committee<br />

member and education committee member.<br />

Her inspiration comes from bridal wear.<br />


“I am all about unconventional wedding styles, and<br />

I try to incorporate that in all of my designs,” Pickett<br />

said.<br />

When Rachel Stern, a senior majoring in<br />

apparel design who grew up around Japanese culture<br />

and specializes in portraiture, began her concept<br />

research she knew that she wanted her fashion<br />

designs to represent her two loves. Stern used images<br />

of traditional Japanese farmers to begin with because<br />

their clothing was tied around natural textures and<br />

organic fabrics. From there, Stern started playing<br />

around with the idea of sustainability and “harmony<br />

with nature.” She wanted things that were soft and<br />

beautiful mixed with hard and rough edges.<br />

“[Portraiture] is a huge part of my identity<br />

and it speaks a lot to me. When you’re looking at the<br />

human body you’re drawing and seeing it as it is, not<br />

what you want to see it<br />

as. The imperfections<br />

are what makes it<br />

beautiful and unique.”<br />

Amidst Stern’s<br />

research, she came<br />

across a Japanese<br />

phrase, Wabi Sabi, that<br />

centers around the<br />

idea of appreciating<br />

beauty in imperfections.<br />

This idea inspired her<br />

I<br />

collection. F o r<br />

Revers, her inspiration<br />

came from the places<br />

and people she had<br />

experienced. Revers is<br />

from Denver, interned in<br />

San Francisco and goes<br />

to school in Alabama.<br />

She described Colorado<br />

as rooted in athletic wear, California as hipster and<br />

trendy and Alabama as pretty and flowy like “cute<br />

little dresses and skirts.” In order to combine these<br />

styles, she focused on the materials used to create the<br />

garments.<br />

Once designers find their inspiration, the<br />

pressure is on them to perform. By the time school<br />

started in the fall, they were looking for fabric and<br />

beginning to take an image on a 2-D piece of paper to<br />

an actual piece of clothing someone could wear and<br />

love.<br />

“I think people don’t realize how much goes<br />

into it because sewing is definitely a popular hobby,<br />

but design compared to sewing a garment from a storebought<br />

pattern is so much more intense. You have to<br />

really understand the spatial elements of everything,<br />

so it takes time to really figure it out,” Stern said.<br />

For Olson’s designs, she used weaving<br />

techniques, which took a lot of time. She included<br />

hand-made flowers that she cut out and burned<br />

“You have to really<br />

understand the<br />

spatial elements of<br />

everything, so it takes<br />

time to really figure it<br />

out.”<br />

with a candle. For fabrics, students scoured the<br />

internet. From Japan to Tuscaloosa, students<br />

found authentic, sustainable and affordable fabrics<br />

that would work perfectly for their respective target<br />

audiences. Students did all of this with their own<br />

money.<br />

During class, students updated professors<br />

on their progress and received criticism from<br />

classmates. On days that they didn’t have class,<br />

students fixed whatever they needed or rethought<br />

pieces that weren’t working. In the end, what they<br />

created was a culmination of all the months of<br />

preparing, mind mapping, researching, designing,<br />

unfolding and sewing.<br />

Olson created four distinct looks that<br />

encompassed her vision of Intertwined, vintage<br />

with a modern twist. The first look was a beautiful<br />

Japanese violet<br />

two-piece set with<br />

a high neckline and<br />

a vintage birdcage<br />

veil. The second<br />

was a simple<br />

flamingo pink<br />

gown accented<br />

by a thick white<br />

square buckle belt<br />

and white opera<br />

gloves. The third<br />

look was a very<br />

detailed two-piece<br />

asparagus green<br />

color block pant<br />

piece, casual yet<br />

eye-catching. The<br />

final look evoked<br />

a British Royalty<br />

aesthetic, a pearl<br />

white gown with a statement gold flower on the<br />

bodice paired with gloves, a pearl headband and<br />

statement earrings.<br />

Stern’s Wabi Sabi collection had three<br />

looks in total. One was a white oversized dress with<br />

a bold charcoal portrait on it. The second was an<br />

olive jumpsuit with a plunging neckline. The third<br />

was an eccentric white top with a brown distressed<br />

vest-like piece draped over it.<br />

Revers created a three-look collection<br />

that could be worn in three different decades. The<br />

first was a 60s inspired halter top cut dress with<br />

a white belted waist. The second was a two-piece<br />

set featuring pockets and puffy sleeves topped off<br />

with a white bandana. The third was a mostly white<br />

gown featuring a belted waist and a collared top.<br />

Proceeds from the fashion show’s ticket<br />

sales are planned to be donated to the Runway of<br />

Dreams Foundation, an organization that works<br />

toward inclusion, acceptance and opportunity in the<br />


[34]<br />

fashion industry for people with disabilities.<br />

All 13 designers will have one of their photos<br />

from the Fashion for Life lookbook displayed<br />

on the second floor of Doster hall at The<br />

University of Alabama during posted business<br />

hours for the spring semester of 2022. The<br />

public is invited to view the photos, see the<br />

fabric swatches and scan a QR code linked to<br />

the individual designer’s portfolio.<br />

try to incorporate that in all of my designs,”<br />

Pickett said.



of CORSETS<br />

By Jen Bowman & Lindsey Wilkinson<br />

Love it or hate it, the corset is back in style for what feels<br />

like the tenth time this century. While the design of the<br />

corset has stayed pretty consistent throughout history, its style<br />

use has become loud and proud with different styles, colors<br />

and types. Fashion stars such as Bella Hadid, Rhianna and<br />

Lizzo have been spotted adorning the corset as statement tops<br />

and stage outfits. But, these aren’t the only women to<br />

bring corsets into the<br />

fashion trends. Follow along<br />

to read how other fashion-forward women<br />

brought the corset<br />

to center stage.<br />

1500’s: After the skirt and bodice<br />

are separated into two pieces,<br />

the first true corset is invented.<br />

Created from rigid materials such<br />

as whalebone and horn, the<br />

corset extends the length of<br />

the torso to the pelvic bone<br />

and is commonly worn with<br />

shoulder straps. Credited<br />

for bringing the garment<br />

to France, Catherine d e<br />

Medici (1519–1589) paved<br />

the way for corsets as it<br />

reaches extreme lengths<br />

that shrinks the waist.<br />

Elizabeth l used the<br />

corset to<br />

create a conical shape to her body.<br />

1600’s: During the 1600’s the corset goes through a major<br />

reconstruction while shaping society’s perception of what a<br />

woman’s body should look like, even though it is completely<br />

unrealistic. The corset begins to grow shorter and sleeveless<br />

in the mid-1600’s but lengthens, gains it’s straps and becomes<br />

more angular to keep the waist slim.<br />

1700’s: The corset goes under a name change, “stay”<br />

continues to have a conical shape while patterns begin to adorn<br />

the front panels, adding the ability for a form of expression<br />

through clothing. The stay begins to take over England but<br />

falls out of French fashion as tight-laced waists show a sign of<br />

mortality. Towards the end of the century the corset adopted<br />

a rounded shape to accommodate the natural look of breasts.<br />

1800’s: To begin the 1800’s, aristocratic style is frowned<br />

upon during the French Revolution. Focus shifts from the<br />

breast area to the bosom. Although short, the corsets hiatus<br />

ends and the French introduce a corset that separates the<br />

breasts. The corset is used more to uplift the breast and bottom<br />

area. In Western society, the waist is at its highest placement<br />

and the garment is worn over the hips. Metal eyelights allow<br />

the movement towards the hourglass figure to become the<br />

societal ideal. Joseph Cooper invents the front-fastening busk,<br />

which removes the need to unlace a corset and instead can be<br />

loosened to take off. Towards the end of the century<br />

the full figure, curves and rounded shoulders,<br />

became the ideal body standard. Frankenstein<br />

novelist Mary Shelley wears a corset in her<br />

self-portrait.<br />

1900’s: In the 1900s, corsets had a<br />

huge change to the shape and style.<br />

The S-bend shape was created to hold<br />

the torso straight and push hips back.<br />

In addition, the shape started to sneak<br />

below the bust and extend downward on<br />

the hip. Women in different areas were<br />

being pressured to wear corsets by different<br />

national ties. Ads promoted corsets as “Princess<br />

Hip” in the UK. During the 1904 St. Louis World Fair,<br />

Nemo Corsets had a ticket promoting their slogan, “bones<br />


and steels cannot cut through,” referring to America’s grit and<br />

industry. By the 1910s, corsets were on the move. Traveling<br />

corset salesmen began to take the corset to slightly less urban<br />

areas. This all fell flat during the first world war in which women<br />

entered the workforce. It wasn’t until 1947 that Christian Dior<br />

reintroduced the wasp-waist corset that resembled the corsets of<br />

the late 19th century. In the 1970s, Vivienne Westwood sought<br />

to change the connotation of corsets. By using them alongside<br />

a punk aesthetic, Westwood changed the oppressive symbol<br />

into a kind of woman empowerment symbol. In 1983, Dior’s<br />

spring/summer collection featured his first corseted dress. This<br />

transformed the garment from underwear to outerwear. While<br />

corsets like Gaultier’s were showcased by Madonna on her<br />

“Blonde Ambition” world tour, the 1990’s were mostly a time<br />

of unshaped, layered garments and corsets were mostly seen in<br />

evening gowns or wedding dresses.<br />

2000’s: The iconic corset style drifted over into a constructional<br />

symbol for all garments in the 2000s. Many silhouettes were<br />

not only more tight fitting but they also began to accentuate the<br />

hips by adding volume. Curved shapes were added into blouses,<br />

dresses and jackets. In other cases, the corsets’ intricate lacing<br />

was taken and put on the back of shirts. While there were a few<br />

cases in which the corset remained grounded in its origins, the<br />

large majority of designs were influenced by the construction.<br />

2010’s: By the 2010s, the renaissance era corset was back.<br />

The corset also takes over fitness with a new name: a waist<br />

trainer. Some blame it on the era of instant gratification and<br />

others blame it on the fitness/wellness industry. In 2016,<br />

The New York Times asked the big question in a 2016 article<br />

called, “Can a Corset Be Feminist?” The mixed messages from<br />

the fashion industry, who wanted the sentiment to be true,<br />

and the fitness industry, guaranteeing a slimmer waist, caused<br />

Westwood’s corset style from the 70s to regain the focus. In<br />

2019, a Vogue article referred to Westwood’s corset as the “most<br />

popular vintage piece of 2019.” The Westwood pieces in the late<br />

2010s sold online for thousands of dollars, but their shape was<br />

immediately engulfed into everyday fashion.<br />

While the corset may have changed, it is a powerful reminder<br />

of the societal pressures that women face. The corset started as<br />

a symbol of constriction and submission because royalty was<br />

using the garment to attain the ultimate look of femininity.<br />

Women are still subject to some of the same pressures. Fashion<br />

is a powerful reflection of the evolution of society.<br />



[38]<br />

Fashion Activism is the practice of using fashion<br />

as a medium for social and environmental<br />

change. It is a term coined by the co-founder of Slow<br />

Factory Foundation, Celine Semaan.<br />

On June 5, 2020, Nike released a statement in<br />

solidarity and made a commitment to the Black<br />

community after the killing of George Floyd.<br />

Nike committed $40 million to support the Black<br />

community for the next four years.<br />

“This commitment will be focused on investing<br />

in and supporting organizations that put social<br />

justice, education and addressing racial inequality<br />

in America at the center of their work,” stated Nike.<br />

Nike has made many strides in supporting the<br />

Black community whether it’s Black Lives Matter or<br />

Black History Month. For example, their choice to<br />

collaborate with one of the most controversial social<br />

activists in the past decade, Colin Kaepernick. This<br />

does not always result in public approval because<br />

Nike has been criticized by who and what they<br />

support at certain times. U.S. Olympian Gwen Berry<br />

faced backlash in 2019 after she held up her fist on<br />

the medalists’ podium. Berry was abandoned and<br />

released by many of the sponsorships she had at the<br />

time, including Nike. This made people question<br />

what Nike truly supported when it came to social<br />

activism and social justice.<br />

Nike isn’t the only company to venture into fashion<br />

activism. Urban Outfitters, Pacsun and Old Navy are<br />

among some of the most popular places for people<br />

to shop, especially Gen Z. These companies have a<br />

piece of clothing for almost every social problem and<br />

minority holiday. Urban Outfitters has a “Support<br />

Black Colleges X stuffgracemade Support Black<br />

Lives Tee.” Old Navy has its “Project WE Latinx<br />

Heritage Month 2021 Graphic T-Shirt for Adults.”<br />

Pacsun sells a “PacSun F*ck Racism T-Shirt,” which<br />

it described as Pacsun described as “Stay woke in<br />

the F*ck Racism T-Shirt from PacSun.” It features a<br />

classic construction with a crew neck, short sleeves,<br />

and rainbow “F*ck Racism” graphic on the front and<br />

back.”<br />

“Good Lord, that Pacsun shirt is trash,” said Farrah<br />

Sanders, a graduate student at The University of<br />

Alabama and a Diversity, Equity and Inclusion<br />

Student Ambassador. While all of these pieces of<br />

merchandise are a collaboration with organizations<br />

that are actively supporting Black and Latinx<br />

communities, all three of the items have something<br />

in common: they are all on the sale rack. The effort<br />

to highlight these issues and raise money for those<br />

organizations is a noble cause, however, consumers

are starting to wonder whether these companies are<br />

simply profiting off the perceived trend of support.<br />

“I think fashion activism is a really cool and<br />

valid movement but it often gets overshadowed<br />

by corporate attempts to profit off of marginalized<br />

communities,” Sanders said. “True activism isn’t<br />

profitable.”<br />

Safe Zone Resource Center at The University of<br />

Alabama strives to promote and implement diversity<br />

and inclusion for LGBTQ+ students on the campus.<br />

Counselors teach students how to be a better ally to<br />

the community and actively work to change the way<br />

allyship is presented.<br />

Dr. Lizzie Smith, director of Safe Zone, said that<br />

people put their best intentions forward by using<br />

and wearing slogans, like Black Lives Matter and<br />

Love is Love, but they don’t necessarily agree with<br />

the meaning. She said people aren’t informed on<br />

the right way to be an ally and that being an ally<br />

requires action.<br />

“They talk the talk, but they don’t necessarily walk<br />

the walk,” Smith said.<br />

Einav Rabinovitch-Fox, author of “Dressed for<br />

Freedom: The Fashionable Politics of American<br />

Feminism” and professor at Case Western Reserve<br />

University, said some forms of fashionable activism<br />

come with powerful messages. For example, the<br />

Student <strong>No</strong>nviolent Coordinating Committee was<br />

founded in 1960 during the heart of the Civil Rights<br />

Movement. Women in the committee, specifically<br />

Black women, adopted wearing denim clothing<br />

instead of dresses to show unity with sharecroppers.<br />

By 1973 SNCC had lost the majority of its employees<br />

and branches which resulted in the extinction of The<br />

Student <strong>No</strong>nviolent Coordinating Committee. Even<br />

though SNCC was around for a short time, their<br />

impact, whether it’s considered fashionable or not,<br />

influences the ways people use fashion to protest<br />

today.<br />

Scholar Tanisha C. Ford wrote “SNCC Women,<br />

Denim, and the Politics of Dress” which said that<br />

these women used the “uniform consciously to<br />

transgress a black middle-class worldview that<br />

marginalized certain types of women and particular<br />

displays of blackness and black culture.”<br />

Women gave up dresses, started to wear denim<br />

and brought attention and change in the wake of<br />

the Civil Rights Movement. Fashion can make an<br />

impact, but only if it’s genuine.<br />

“<strong>No</strong> doubt that for many companies, and even<br />

individuals, this is not more than lip service or<br />

virtue signaling,” said Rabinovitch-Fox. “This is<br />

not different from changing your profile picture,<br />

however, I do think that clothing or adopting certain<br />

styles can have powerful messages when they are<br />

being deployed by activists.”<br />

It’s no question that protesting in the 2020s is<br />

different from protesting in the 1960s, but in a world<br />

where technology and social media are a part of<br />

everyone’s life, wearing a shirt with a huge rainbowcolored<br />

“ALLY” or that “Black Lives Matter” mask<br />

isn’t doing as much as society thinks. These things<br />

aren’t sparking movements, they are there to prove<br />

a point and validate identities.<br />

This idea of fashionable activism and performative<br />

allyship play hand-in-hand. Big corporations<br />

continue to advertise fighting for justice and being<br />

allies, but when the fight seems to be dying down,<br />

they put activism shirts on sale. The allies who<br />

bought them when the issues are highlighted in<br />

the mainstream media are the same allies that<br />

put them in their drawers or donate them to the<br />

local thrift store when the issue isn’t trending on<br />

Twitter anymore. Political merchandise has a goal,<br />

but it can’t be the only form of allyship. An ally is<br />

correcting people and fixing injustice when it is<br />

clearly visible and speaking up about unjust things<br />

that silenced voices aren’t able to speak up about. If<br />

you buy the shirt, make sure you do the work.<br />

Ways to Donate:<br />

LGBTQ+ Rights<br />

https://www.thetrevorproject.org/<br />

https://www.thehrcfoundation.org/<br />

https://transequality.org/<br />

Womens’ Rights<br />

https://now.org/<br />

https://www.unwomen.org/en<br />

https://www.globalfundforwomen.<br />

Racial Justice<br />

https://colorofchange.org/<br />

https://blacklivesmatter.com/<br />

https://www.aclu.org/<br />

https://eji.org/<br />


[features]<br />

Behide -the- Scenes:<br />

An Artist’s Experience<br />

Photostory:<br />

A Celebration of Black History<br />

Resolving Resolutions:<br />

Diet Culture in the New Year<br />

42<br />

46<br />

50<br />



Behind-the-Scenes:<br />

an Artist’s Experience<br />

By Cat Clinton<br />

Every piece of art is different. This is because<br />

every artist is different. The path to becoming<br />

an artist has never been consistent. People differ<br />

based on experiences and preferences. Many<br />

would consider success in the art world more<br />

difficult to achieve than most, because success<br />

can be found through a range of outcomes and is<br />

never strictly defined. The drive individuals have<br />

pushing them towards creating appealing, sentimental<br />

or impactful works of art can root from a<br />

number of goals. The only thing all artists have in<br />

common is the desire to create.<br />

For Abigayle Waller, a Fine Arts senior<br />

graduating from Birmingham Southern College,<br />

and former intern at Buckhead Art & Company,<br />

the art process can be described as, “a necessary<br />

purging that leads to another idea that needs to<br />

be explored. I hate looking at my old work, but<br />

it is neat to see where I came from compared to<br />

where I am now, creatively.”<br />

Most artists measure success differently, but<br />

everyone has the potential to show growth through<br />

practice and experience. This is why consistency<br />

is hard to establish, and not necessarily beneficial<br />

for this scene.<br />

Some artists are also born with such a high level of<br />

natural ability it becomes increasingly difficult to<br />

define the moment art and creation first captured<br />

their interest, creating art for these individuals<br />

can feel more like habit or second nature than a<br />

developed skill.<br />

“I grew up drawing constantly and found a niche<br />

in high school where my potential was noticed<br />

by my art teacher and was placed in higher<br />

level classes despite not having any technical<br />

experience,” said Lou Weinstein, a multimedia<br />

artist currently located in Montréal. “Art has<br />

always been a way of expressing myself, whether<br />

by exploring the situational and circumstantial or<br />

through performance in exploring my identity.”<br />

Like most skills, an artist’s abilities grow with<br />

encouragement and experience.<br />

“My advice would be to take a step back from the<br />

technicalities of art and focus on what feels good to<br />

make,” said Lou, “Making art is so exciting and to<br />

be able to also produce something that resonates<br />

with you is important regardless of what society<br />

expects from the visual exploration of subjects<br />

and concepts. You deserve to feel in your element<br />

and love what you do, it really comes through in<br />

your art as a way of seeing as well.”<br />

Having someone praise artists’ creations can<br />

fuel the drive to improve, and makes the time<br />

and effort invested in the skill worthy. Praise<br />

or encouragement is a payoff, so strive to never<br />

hold back from admiring and addressing how<br />

impressive an artist and their work is; because<br />

this field is one that is easily overlooked when it<br />

comes to the time and dedication it requires to be<br />

noticed or deemed successful.<br />

“When I was little I used art as a way to calm<br />

down, or when things broke I had to get creative to<br />

fix them,” said Hannah Radney, a commissioned<br />

and tattoo artist originating out of Fairhope,<br />

Alabama. “I like having things that are different<br />

from what everyone else has. I don’t like to be<br />

wearing the same outfits as everyone or having<br />

any art that you can get from Target.”<br />

Art comes in many forms, ranging from oil<br />

paintings to tattoos. The advice we received when<br />

it comes to insights that may help other artists<br />

who are considering the field?<br />

“Just remember—don’t compare yourself to<br />

others, both artistically and as a person. Art is<br />

very subjective, and we are our own worst critics.<br />

Dabble in everything that interests or inspires<br />

you, even if you know it’s going to be difficult. If<br />

a piece is starting to frustrate you, put it down.<br />


Just remember to pick it up later or it’ll become<br />

a chore you dread.” Radney said, “My own<br />

aspirations for art is to keep my creative process<br />

active doing commissions whenever the subject<br />

is something that sparks my interest. I plan to<br />

carry my creative mindset into everything I do,<br />

challenging the norm and introducing a new<br />

perspective to everyone I cross paths with.”<br />

Every artist must decide on the creative process<br />

that best suits their career and goals. Individuals<br />

considering this profession must also throw out<br />

any prior ideas about the perceived right way<br />

to be an artist. The appeal of creativity is the<br />

originality, which looks different to everyone.<br />

Although every artist is different, the desire to<br />

create original and impactful pieces is shared by<br />

all individuals who have chosen the profession.<br />

Styles, resources, planning and procedures can<br />

differ in artists, but as long as audiences take a<br />

moment to appreciate an artist’s perspective<br />

rather than criticize pieces for not meeting our<br />

preferences, art will continue to evolve and adapt<br />

as much as people do.<br />








our ancestors and all the Black heroes<br />

and heroines. We celebrate their wins and<br />

contributions to our Blackness and for us<br />

to be seen and celebrated. As the late Rosa<br />

Parks once said, “I had no idea that history<br />

was being made. I was just tired of giving up.”<br />

Black History isn’t just our past, it’s also our<br />

present. In 2020 Black Lives Matter became<br />

the biggest movement in U.S History. In<br />

January 2022, MJ Rodriguez became the first<br />

openly trans Afro-Latino to win a Golden<br />

Globe. Marsai Martin became not only the<br />

youngest Black executive producer but the<br />

youngest executive producer ever. These<br />

Black individuals are people we look up to,<br />

people we are close in age to, people who are<br />

making history right before our very eyes.<br />

Black History Month is a time where we<br />

observe the greatest achievements,<br />

inventions and moments of Black people.<br />

It is a reminder of where we’ve been and<br />

where we are going. We’re all familiar with<br />

Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, Rosa<br />

Parks, Langston Hughes and Maya Angelou,<br />

but there are so many others who led the<br />

way. For example, George Crum invented<br />

the potato chip. It’s a reminder that the<br />

success of Black people is the reason we have<br />

stoplights, ironing boards and home security<br />

systems. Some of us may not even realize<br />

how much one Black individual has changed<br />

the way we exist in our everyday lives. Yes,<br />

King has a dream, but Henrietta Lacks’<br />

cancer cells are the first-ever immortalized<br />

human cell line and continue to be studied<br />

in science and medicine today, even for the<br />

development of COVID-19 vaccines.<br />

Our Black History is rooted deeply in<br />

who we are and what we represent<br />

as Black people. From Hattie McDaniel<br />

becoming the first Black person to win an<br />

Oscar to Tracey <strong>No</strong>rman becoming the first<br />

Black transgender female to make it in the<br />

fashion industry. Black History is rich and<br />

unforgettable. It’s sacred. We celebrate<br />

our ancestors and all the Black heroes<br />

and heroines. We celebrate their wins and<br />

contributions to our Blackness and for us to<br />




[50]<br />

By Audrey Harper

Every year, millions of Americans make<br />

New Year’s resolutions. Some set out to<br />

make their bed every day or wake up earlier, but<br />

overwhelmingly, most New Year’s resolutions<br />

are diet and exercise-related. According to<br />

YouGov, in 2020, 50% of American adults<br />

wanted to exercise more, 48% wanted to lose<br />

weight and 39% wanted to improve their diets.<br />

Weight loss programs and gym memberships<br />

see spikes in January, yet the majority of<br />

people fail in their resolutions, according to<br />

Inc. So, what’s got people stuck each year?<br />

For some, it’s the chance for a fresh start,<br />

but for others, it’s the beginning of a cycle<br />

of overexercising and yo-yo dieting. Yo-yo<br />

dieting, the pattern of losing weight and<br />

gaining it back, is more common than one<br />

might think. In fact, according to Slate, 97%<br />

of dieters regain everything they lost and then<br />

some within three years.<br />

According to Sheena Gregg, a registered<br />

dietitian nutritionist at The University of<br />

Alabama’s Student Health Center and the<br />

Assistant Director in the Department of<br />

Health Promotion and Wellness, the diet and<br />

weight loss industry wants to capitalize on the<br />

insecurities people have.<br />

“They want to sell people a promise that<br />

they can achieve a certain look or lifestyle if<br />

they buy into their product or program. This<br />

is a very malicious structure and so I often<br />

tell my clients to be critical consumers of<br />

health messaging. It is such a money-making<br />

industry and it doesn’t always have a person’s<br />

best interest at heart,” Gregg said.<br />

The industry is a $71 billion endeavor, to<br />

be exact, and has often been called out as<br />

predatory. From lawsuits to public awareness<br />

campaigns aimed at dismissing their<br />

effectiveness, the diet industry has been under<br />

scrutiny for false advertisement especially.<br />

“It’s really hard to be around people who<br />

are participating in ‘wellness culture’ and not<br />

being able to participate in order to preserve<br />

my recovery,” said Leah Ney, a licensed social<br />

worker who developed an eating disorder<br />

while they were completing their master’s<br />

degree at the University of Houston. “My office<br />

is really big on diets and it’s rough to be in that<br />

environment. All of these really disordered<br />

comments look normal and wouldn’t be<br />

alarming if I didn’t have an eating disorder.”<br />

While eating disorders are commonly<br />

associated with young adolescents, female<br />

college-aged students are also vulnerable.<br />

Weight stigma on college campuses, such<br />

as the fear of gaining the “freshman 15,” can<br />

make it more likely for students to develop<br />

disordered eating behaviors. According to<br />

NEDA, 10% to 20% of female college students<br />

have an eating disorder.<br />

“When I did formal sorority recruitment I sat<br />

there, just comparing myself to other people,”<br />

said Caroline Schilling, a junior studying<br />


history and anthropology at The University<br />

of Alabama, who has been in recovery from an<br />

eating disorder since 2015. “<strong>No</strong>ne of the girls<br />

would eat during lunch. They would have a<br />

snack and that would be it. In sorority culture<br />

on campus, if you’re not wearing a size zero,<br />

you’re kind of big.”<br />

As young adults move away from home<br />

for the first time,<br />

they are exposed<br />

to different<br />

environments that<br />

make maintaining<br />

healthy living an<br />

obstacle.<br />

Michaela Philip,<br />

a senior studying<br />

public health at<br />

The University<br />

of Alabama at<br />

Birmingham,<br />

struggled her first<br />

year of college to<br />

maintain a healthy routine.<br />

“You get so busy and that can be an easy<br />

justification for not eating. Sometimes that’s<br />

the root cause and other times I used it to<br />

feed an already unhealthy relationship with<br />

food,” Philip said. “Growing up, the goal in<br />

my mind was always to lose weight. The first<br />

step in healing my relationship with food was<br />

learning that restricting and skipping meals is<br />

“In sorority culture<br />

on campus, if you’re<br />

not wearing a size<br />

zero, you’re kind of<br />

big”<br />

not helping me. If I want to lose weight, I am<br />

not on the right track by skipping lunch every<br />

day and forgetting to eat for eight hours.”<br />

Often disordered eating behaviors start<br />

with a desire for healthy eating. In fact, 35%<br />

of “normal” dieters progress to pathological<br />

dieting and of those 20 to 25% develop eating<br />

disorders according to NEDA. Philip however,<br />

has shifted her<br />

mindset from weight<br />

loss to something<br />

more holistic.<br />

“The end goal now is<br />

definitely just exercise<br />

and eat because I<br />

want to exercise and<br />

I want to eat and not<br />

have anything to do<br />

with my weight. I<br />

want to run because<br />

I want to feel good. I<br />

like that my resting<br />

heart rate is lower, I<br />

like going up the stairs and not feeling out of<br />

breath,” Philip said.<br />

There are many ways in which people looking<br />

to feel healthier can maintain a healthy<br />

mindset and perspective. For instance, Gregg<br />

is one of the many practitioners who follow<br />

the Health at Every Size (HAES) approach,<br />

popularized by Linda Bacon, a professor and<br />

researcher at The University of California<br />

at Davis. HAES emphasizes living a healthy<br />


lifestyle instead of exclusively promoting<br />

weight loss. As a practitioner who serves<br />

college-aged individuals, Gregg focuses on<br />

nutrition education and working around<br />

college students’ busy schedules.<br />

“I know that a lot of individuals are often<br />

recommended by their healthcare practitioner<br />

to lose weight because their healthcare<br />

practitioner believes that their elevated BMI<br />

is in direct correlation with certain chronic<br />

health conditions that they are experiencing,”<br />

Gregg said. “However, I do believe that it’s very<br />

possible for individuals to eat for their health<br />

without using weight loss as a parameter of<br />

progress or as the sole form of their focus in<br />

regards to the way that they eat.”<br />

Mackenzi Dugan, a graduate of The University<br />

of Alabama, experienced rapid weight gain and<br />

loss her freshman year due to a pituitary tumor.<br />

Because of the rapid weight fluctuations,<br />

Dugan developed disordered eating behaviors.<br />

“In college, especially your first year, you’re on<br />

your own and have free range to do whatever<br />

you want. It wouldn’t be uncommon for me to<br />

skip meals all the time or eat more meals than I<br />

typically would. I thought about the Freshman<br />

15 all the time,” Dugan said. Luckily, Dugan<br />

received treatment and has been in recovery<br />

for the past five years.<br />

While exercise, diet and weight resolutions<br />

can have negative consequences, not all<br />

resolutions have to.<br />

Gregg said instead of resolving to diet or lose<br />

a certain amount of weight, one can challenge<br />

themselves in other ways.<br />

“When it comes to overall positive body<br />

image, remind your friends and family<br />

members that their worth is not in the value<br />

of a number on the scale and be that changemaker<br />

in that capacity,” Gregg said.<br />

According to behavioral scientist Katy<br />

Milkman, the key to sticking to a new<br />

year’s resolution is to first make adding<br />

detailed steps instead of vague instructions,<br />

adding a penalty for not following through<br />

and including a short-term reward can<br />

aid in making a resolution more effective.<br />

Allowing for emergencies can help deter the<br />

disappointment and eventual resignation that<br />

comes when one breaks from their goal and<br />

then decides to abandon it completely. Lastly,<br />

asking for help from friends and family can<br />

make a new year’s resolution more likely to<br />

last long term. Resolutions focused on joyful<br />

movement and setting more time for self-care<br />

activities can help those looking to have a<br />

healthier lifestyle.<br />


[entertainment]<br />

To Those Feeling Guilty<br />

about Their Music Taste:<br />

Don’t Be<br />

BookTok<br />

56<br />

58<br />

Glorfying Abuse in Media<br />

62<br />



to those feeling<br />

GUILTY about their music<br />

taste ;DON’T BE<br />

By Maddy Reda<br />

In a world of musical gatekeeping and judgment, it’s<br />

common for people to feel ashamed of the music they<br />

listen to, preferring to keep their favorite Glee albums,<br />

Disney playlists or show tunes locked away in private<br />

sessions on Spotify, never to see the light of day despite<br />

the rush of joy and endorphins the listeners get from<br />

them.<br />

People often use the term “guilty pleasure” to describe<br />

songs or artists that others should feel “embarrassed”<br />

listening to. According to an article by The Odyssey,<br />

a guilty pleasure is defined as something someone<br />

enjoys taking part in or enjoys even though it is not well<br />

regarded by society.<br />

While not everyone feels guilty listening to the music<br />

they enjoy, the overpowering culture of musical<br />

gatekeeping and shaming has overtaken social media,<br />

making people afraid to be open about what they like to<br />

listen to.<br />

Hali Skelton, a freshman majoring in psychology at<br />

The University of Alabama, said she enjoys Disney’s<br />

“Encanto,” specifically the soundtrack because of the<br />

representation and its unique choice in music styles,<br />

however, she feels a bit embarrassed for loving a movie<br />

for children.<br />

Skelton said she thinks guilty pleasures shouldn’t exist<br />

because people “should let everyone like what they like.”<br />

Gatekeeping as it relates to music is the practice of<br />

music enthusiasts self-authorizing themselves to<br />

determine who does and doesn’t belong in a fandom,<br />

who has good music taste and who doesn’t or even<br />

attempts to dictate who is and isn’t a die-hard fan of<br />

someone like Harry Styles or Doja Cat.<br />

Josh Levine, a junior at The University of Alabama<br />

majoring in mathematics, said the music that is popular<br />

amongst certain groups of people is stereotyped to only<br />

those people, leaving it to be frowned upon for outsiders<br />

to enjoy the same genres.<br />

Despite going to a flagship university in the south, the<br />

birthplace of country music, many students express a<br />

strong and loud distaste for the genre.<br />

Sarah Dunlap, a junior majoring in nursing, said she<br />

loves country music but feels guilty about it sometimes<br />

since none of her friends like it.<br />

Jalyiah Pierce, a junior majoring in psychology at The<br />

University of Alabama, said she also likes country<br />

music, yet as a Black woman from Eufaula, Alabama,<br />

where the preferred sound is R&B and rap, she’s<br />

suffered judgment from her peers over liking country<br />

music.<br />

“They always stereotype me to be with the white group,<br />

you know, ‘you’re white go hang with your white<br />

friends,’ but country is actually pretty good,” Pierce said.<br />

“It’s very peaceful and calming.”<br />

hile it is truly harmless to jam out to country music, a<br />

song from “Encanto” or “Saturday Night Fever,” there<br />


has been a growing discourse over social media and cancel<br />

culture of whether there are instances in which you should<br />

feel guilty for listening to a certain artist or song.<br />

In a 2017 article for BBC, Fisun Güner argued that an<br />

artist’s work should have value in its own right, no matter<br />

what sort of life the artist led, however, it’s never just about<br />

the work. What is done to celebrate an artist is often to<br />

bolster the myth of their life.<br />

While most of<br />

the population<br />

has turned<br />

their backs on<br />

artists proven<br />

to be guilty of<br />

serious crimes,<br />

like rapper<br />

R. Kelly,<br />

navigating the<br />

gray area of<br />

what is dire<br />

enough to<br />

warrant guilt<br />

or cancellation<br />

is murky.<br />

Kanye West’s<br />

controversial<br />

remarks over<br />

slavery have<br />

left a bad<br />

taste in many<br />

mouths, yet he<br />

is still regarded<br />

as a genius of<br />

modern music<br />

to some. Even<br />

country artist<br />

Morgan Wallen<br />

has been met<br />

with an equal<br />

amount of<br />

praise and hate<br />

after spewing<br />

racial slurs and<br />

fraternizing with underage girls at a Tuscaloosa, Alabama<br />

bar during the pandemic.<br />

Wile you have every right to praise an artist’s musical style,<br />

it is worth noting that streaming songs and watching their<br />

music videos put money straight into the pockets of the<br />

artist and their management team, benefiting them in the<br />

long run. While that may bug some listeners, not everyone<br />

feels guilty about it.<br />

“We never feel guilty about doing it in the moment,<br />

but if someone were to see us doing it or we have to tell<br />

someone about it, that’s when the guilt comes in,” said Alex<br />

Rockefeller in her article for The Odyssey. “If we all came<br />

together and decided to stop feeling guilty about what we<br />

like, we could all live<br />

happier lives.”<br />

For the most part,<br />

guilty pleasures are<br />

meaningless social<br />

constructs and<br />

should be treated<br />

as such.<br />

Levine said he<br />

enjoys several<br />

TikTok songs and<br />

sounds circulating<br />

the popular<br />

social media<br />

app. In contrast,<br />

Araminta Cheek,<br />

a junior majoring<br />

in kinesiology,<br />

enjoys listening to<br />

film scores from<br />

movies like “Lord<br />

Of The Rings” or<br />

“Interstellar.”<br />

Pierce said people<br />

should be able to<br />

express themselves<br />

with their music.<br />

“Don’t live by<br />

standards that<br />

people try to<br />

give you, like<br />

be yourself, put<br />

yourself first, love<br />

yourself and express<br />

yourself,” Pierce said.<br />

Regardless of what you’re listening to, life is short, and the<br />

world is dull, so listen to what you want and crank up those<br />

tunes.<br />


y Jolie Money<br />


TikTok is known for trends, hacks<br />

and viral oddities, whether it’s<br />

lip-syncing videos, dances, or even<br />

influencer Emily Mariko’s ice cube on<br />

rice hack. However, one of the most<br />

popular trends on the app is BookTok.<br />

BookTok is by far one of the biggest<br />

subgenres of TikTok, garnering over<br />

27 billion hashtags. From reviews,<br />

aesthetic mood boards and outfits<br />

based on different characters, almost<br />

every trend is represented and geared<br />

toward the literary community.<br />

Its reach has grown so large that<br />

bookstores like Barnes & <strong>No</strong>ble have<br />

created tables dedicated to the most<br />

popular BookTok recommendations.<br />

The books on these tables are both<br />

traditionally published, such as Sarah<br />

J. Maas’s “A Court of Thorns and<br />

Roses” series or Holly Black’s “The<br />

Cruel Prince” and self-published books<br />

like Elle Kennedy’s “The Deal” or Elena<br />

Armas’s “The Spanish Love Deception”<br />

being featured.<br />

For popular BookToker and Ayman<br />

Chaudhary, a college junior majoring<br />

in graphic design, reading only became<br />

a passion after finding BookTok during<br />

quarantine in March 2020. Using<br />

mainstream, popular TikTok sounds<br />

and trends, Ayman has gained over 653<br />

thousand followers and 53.1 million<br />

likes.<br />

“I think BookTok specifically helps<br />

translate books well because there<br />

are so many different communities<br />

within BookTok. Content is limitless,”<br />

Chaudhary said. “When I read a book,<br />

and I want to go into the fandom to<br />

find what they’re talking about, I didn’t<br />

really find that content until TikTok.”<br />

Chaudhary said BookTok has been<br />

impactful and implanted itself in the<br />

minds of viewers.<br />

“Some books that were published<br />

10 years ago have been discovered by<br />

BookTok,” Chaudhary said. “I almost<br />

can’t go into a bookstore and selfdiscover<br />

a book without saying, ‘Oh,<br />

I’ve seen this on TikTok.’”<br />

The phenomenon of the rise in<br />

popularity for books on BookTok is a<br />

fascinating aspect of this community.<br />

A self-published book is just as likely<br />

to garner attention as a traditionally<br />

published book from a large publishing<br />

company.<br />

According to HOOT! Books, a reading<br />

app that features books for underserved<br />

audiences, self-published books grew<br />

by over 40% between 2017 and 2018.<br />


Previously traditionally published<br />

books had access to more marketing,<br />

BookTok has made it possible for indie<br />

books to garner just as much attention,<br />

making it easier for authors to choose<br />

the independent publishing route.<br />

For example, Sally Thorne’s “The<br />

Hating Game,” which was published<br />

by HarperCollins, one of the big<br />

five English-language publishing<br />

companies, has been mentioned 73.1<br />

million times on TikTok, yet Penelope<br />

Douglas’s independently published<br />

novel, “Punk 57” has been mentioned<br />

166.1 million times, even though they<br />

were both published in 2016.<br />

Genevieve Hartman, the director of<br />

development and publicity at BOA<br />

Editions, an American independent<br />

non-profit literary publishing company,<br />

acknowledged the benefits of authors<br />

interacting with readers on social<br />

media.<br />

“I see more and more people are<br />

marketing their own books through<br />

their own social media. One of the<br />

great aspects of social media is having<br />

so much access to the people who are<br />

creating the books so readers and fans<br />

can get that personal backstory, and<br />

the writing process, and an opportunity<br />

to connect directly with the source,”<br />

Hartman said. “I’ve been seeing a lot<br />

of authors getting online and engaging<br />

with people on a more one-on-one<br />

basis. … I think it has a great potential<br />

to draw in more readers who might not<br />

be as interested in reading.”<br />

This interaction between authors<br />

and readers has grown even more,<br />

with many authors becoming TikTok<br />

creators themselves.<br />

Chloe Gong, author of “These Violent<br />

Delights,” and Colleen Hoover, author<br />

of “It Ends With Us,” “Verity,” and many<br />

others, have both amassed hundreds of<br />

thousands of followers.<br />

For the self-published author of “Punk<br />

57,” a dark, new adult romance with<br />

the friends-to-lovers trope, Penelope<br />

Douglas, the rise of popularity on<br />

BookTok was a complete surprise.<br />

“It’s been insane. I’ve never felt<br />

unseen in the book world, per se. I’ve<br />

always felt that I have a place here, and<br />

I have my readers, but it’s been intense<br />

this year,” said Douglas..<br />

While indie romances have always had<br />

a niche audience, BookTok has brought<br />

them into the mainstream.<br />

“One day last winter, I was checking<br />

my publishing account on Amazon,<br />

just to make sure everything was still<br />

live and running smoothly, and I saw<br />

a huge jump in downloads,” Douglas<br />

said. “I had no idea what was going on<br />

until I started seeing reviews coming in<br />

and people referring to BookTok. An<br />

author contacted me and told me my<br />

books were being talked about a lot on<br />

TikTok, and I was a little shocked.”<br />

She said it’s been validating to see<br />

“Punk 57” with a whole new audience<br />

and generation. “It’s rewarding to know<br />

books I wrote years ago are still loved<br />

and have longevity,” Douglas said.<br />

While her book has been mentioned<br />

on TikTok 166.1 million times, her<br />

name has been mentioned 151.5 million<br />

times.<br />

While Douglas acknowledged the<br />

advantages of traditional publishing<br />

and does plan to re-establish a<br />

relationship with a publisher for some<br />

of her work in the future, she has found<br />

that the popularity of the romance<br />

genre and control over her work to<br />

be her main reasons to continue selfpublishing.<br />

However, other authors like Olivie<br />

Blake, the author of “The Atlas Six,” and<br />

Scarlett St. Clair, author of “A Touch<br />

of Darkness,” have jumped from selfpublishing<br />

to traditional publishing<br />

through Macmillan and Sourcebooks,<br />

respectively.<br />

Both authors attribute the success of<br />

their books and their traditional book<br />

deals to BookTok, as the demand for<br />

their books garnered attention from<br />

publishers. Publishers and media<br />

have traditionally leaned towards<br />

white, straight authors. According to<br />

a 2019 publishing diversity baseline<br />

survey done by Lee & Low Books, the<br />

publishing industry was 76% white,<br />

97% cis-gendered and 81% straight.<br />

With the popularity of diverse voices,<br />

however, doors have opened for<br />

marginalized authors.<br />

Blake attributed the success of “The<br />

Atlas Six” to “the diversity and sexual<br />

fluidity of the ensemble cast.”<br />

“The setting is a lot like your dark<br />

academia or magic settings, but with<br />

more queer characters,” she said.<br />


For other authors, BookTok has shown<br />

publishers the power of certain genres.<br />

“What TikTok did for me was prove<br />

to traditional publishers that my books<br />

[and similar ones] were in demand<br />

contrary to what the traditional<br />

publishing industry had told me<br />

previously,” said St. Clair.<br />

“A Touch of Darkness” is the first<br />

in a series of a modern-day retelling<br />

of Persephone and Hades. While it<br />

originally was only available through<br />

Amazon, a direct competitor to Barnes<br />

and <strong>No</strong>ble, the demand for the book in<br />

stores became clear.<br />

“While I did get into B&N stores,<br />

obtaining books was so difficult for<br />

their buyers. I was a topic on their<br />

agendas often because they had to get<br />

approval to purchase my books since it<br />

was directly supporting a competitor,<br />

but the demand was there,” said St.<br />

Clair. “My local B&N said that my books<br />

alone have boosted their sales over the<br />

last year, and I’m also their number one<br />

seller.”<br />

BookTok has forced traditional<br />

publishers to seriously consider the<br />

traditionally underrecognized young<br />

adult and romance genres seriously.<br />

“I definitely respect the platform and<br />

its demographic of young, diverse and,<br />

as far as I have seen, predominantly<br />

female users. I’ve always felt those<br />

audiences were underestimated when<br />

it comes to rescuing the publishing<br />

industry,” said Blake..<br />

Readers have shown that the market<br />

for these books is present and prevalent.<br />

“I think it illustrates the power of<br />

readers. I was a librarian for five years<br />

before becoming a full-time author, so<br />

I know the power of readers, the power<br />

of sharing what you love,” St. Clair said.<br />

“I think that’s powerful no matter the<br />

platform.”<br />

While many people might see<br />

BookTok as an unconventional way to<br />

talk about books, the impact it has had<br />

on the accessibility of diverse voices in<br />

literature is profound. From creators<br />

to authors, it is a place where every<br />

person, no matter their background,<br />

can find themselves represented.<br />



ABUSE<br />

IN<br />

MEDIA<br />

BY<br />

KIERRA<br />

THOMAS<br />

Over the last few years, there has<br />

been an increase in violence and<br />

abuse in the media. As these depictions<br />

of violence and abuse permeate books,<br />

television, video games, social media and<br />

more, many people worry that instead<br />

of bringing awareness to these issues by<br />

showcasing them, the media glorifies the<br />

abuse.<br />

Whether its sexual, physical,<br />

emotional, verbal or drug abuse, the<br />

media has shined a light on these<br />

problems, however, by using graphic and<br />

overdramatic depictions of abuse to catch<br />

attention, these displays of abuse influence<br />

people to believe that violence is normal.<br />

“There have been many examples<br />

of entertainment media that trivialize,<br />

exploit and even glorify abusive behaviors<br />

and relationships, especially against<br />

women,” said Landon Palmer, The<br />

University of Alabama assistant professor<br />

of communication and information<br />

sciences. “For most of their history,<br />

commercial movies and television haven’t<br />

had a vocabulary for abuse because they<br />

haven’t been made by, for and from the<br />

perspectives of marginalized populations<br />

most vulnerable to abuse.”<br />

According to Zippia, a website that<br />

offers up-to-date information based on<br />

industry, location or experience, 66.7% of<br />

filmmakers are men and 70.7% are white.<br />


“Take, for example, a famous scene<br />

from the 1931 film ‘The Public Enemy’<br />

where a male character hits a female<br />

character with a grapefruit; this scene<br />

was incorporated by its director to enact a<br />

fantasy of doing this to his wife,” Palmer<br />

said.<br />

When watching films for class,<br />

Palmer encourages the students, in his<br />

Motion Pictures History and Criticism<br />

and Critical Study of Television class, to<br />

analyze why it’s there at all.<br />

“When I teach my television course,<br />

I ask students to view media as a cultural<br />

forum, a term that television scholars use<br />

for analyzing how television addresses<br />

pertinent social issues,” said Palmer.<br />

“When you see representations of abuse<br />

in the media, what is the goal of such<br />

representations? Are they contributing<br />

to our current social conversations about<br />

these issues, or are they exploiting or<br />

trivializing them?”<br />

Taking this critical approach to<br />

television allows viewers to see that certain<br />

television shows use abuse as a gimmick<br />

and plot point that doesn’t create a positive<br />

discussion around the real issue.<br />

This is exemplified with the movie<br />

“365 Days.” In the film Massimo, the male<br />

lead “saves” Laura, the female<br />

BY<br />

lead, and<br />

they develop this love/hate relationship.<br />

Massimo comes off as possessive and<br />

persistent toward Laura. He’s obsessed<br />

with her and would do anything to keep<br />

her. It was clear at the beginning of their<br />

interaction together she was not pleased,<br />

but then she eventually gave in to the<br />

“irresistible” Massimo.<br />

The issue with this film is that it<br />

romanticizes kidnapping and abuse.<br />

While also normalizing partners who are<br />

physically and emotionally controlling.<br />

This leaves the impression that this<br />

behavior, the movie’s plot, is acceptable<br />

when it is not.<br />

“I do not think there is anything<br />

wrong with TV shows and movies<br />

promoting awareness of abuse, but there<br />

is a gray area in what is considered a<br />

negative or positive view of abuse,” said<br />

Ashley Blevins, The University of Alabama<br />

junior majoring in public relations.<br />

Blevins questioned this gray area<br />

when she watched “You,” a Netflix<br />

television show about a stalker who is<br />

described as “a dangerously charming,<br />

intensely obsessive young man [who] goes<br />

to extreme measures to insert himself into<br />

the lives of those he is transfixed by.”<br />

The show garnered rave reviews<br />

and backlash for its portrayal of its main<br />

character as a sort of underdog that many<br />

found themselves rooting for.<br />

Blevins said the show pushes the<br />

viewer to root for Joe, the main character,<br />

but in reality, his behavior is reprehensible,<br />

including manipulation, stalking and<br />

murder.<br />

The book series “After,” by Anna<br />

Todd, which was later turned into a film<br />

series directed by Jenny Gage, similarly<br />

has received backlash for normalizing<br />

and romanticizing abusive behavior in<br />

relationships by letting its main character,<br />

Tessa, fall for Hardin, an emotionally<br />

abusive narcissist.<br />

Another book to visual adaptation<br />

that also received backlash was “13 Reasons<br />

Why” by Jay Asher for how graphic some<br />

scenes were throughout the show.<br />

As a result, new trigger warnings<br />

appeared before the episodes. The cast<br />

addressed all the rumors in interviews<br />

to assure the audience that the goal was<br />

not to glorify but to be realistic about<br />

sensitive topics by pushing uncomfortable<br />

boundaries through film.<br />

“We wanted to do it in a way where<br />

it was honest, and we wanted to make<br />

something that can, hopefully, help<br />

people, because suicide should never,<br />

ever be an option,” said Selena Gomez in<br />

“13 Reasons Why: Beyond the Reasons,”<br />

a mini-documentary released after the<br />

season.<br />

While these new age and trendy<br />

movies and tv shows are entertaining,<br />

leaving viewers on the edge of their seats,<br />

it doesn’t take away from the fact that it<br />

can confuse many people and convince<br />

impressionable audiences that this is<br />

normal and okay.<br />

In an article for Impact Magazine,<br />

Jasmin Lemarie discussed how men play<br />

a huge role in the objectification of women.<br />

“The male gaze and the male ego<br />

are all about portraying women to fulfill<br />

men’s desires; you have to be sexy, but<br />

not too sexy, you have to be nice and<br />

supportive and not bossy,” Lemarie said.<br />

“For decades, women have been portrayed<br />

in film as one-dimensional characters that<br />

are there to serve the men in their lives.”<br />

According to the Center for the<br />

Study of Women in Television and Film,<br />

during the 2019 to 2020 tv season, 94% of<br />

the programs considered had no women<br />

directors of photography, 76% had no<br />

women directors, 81% had no women<br />

editors and 73% had no women creators.<br />

Yet, some films and shows do a great<br />

job of displaying these issues without<br />

glorifying them.<br />

“MAID,” a 2021 Netflix show based<br />

on a memoir written by Stefanie Land<br />

about being a single mother trying to<br />

escape an abusive relationship by cleaning<br />

houses to save up money to live a better<br />

life for her and her daughter. The show’s<br />

realistic portrayal of generational trauma,<br />

poverty, and abuse was well done and<br />

realistic.<br />

Along with shows like this,<br />

documentaries have also created realistic<br />

portrayals of abuse.<br />

“Far from glorifying abuse, these<br />

documentaries ask audiences to empathize<br />

with victims and understand what this<br />

abuse means, how it affects people’s lives<br />

and how power protects abusers,” said<br />

Palmer. “I would put the 2019 independent<br />

film ‘The Assistant’ in a similar category.<br />

This film is about a lowly assistant to a<br />

Harvey Weinstein-like producer, and it’s a<br />

film that asks complicated questions about<br />

complicity and systems of power that<br />

perpetuate cycles of abuse.”<br />

He said rather than glorifying<br />

abuse, recent works like these have asked<br />

audiences to confront abuse as a societal<br />

problem in ways that very few media<br />

works have before.<br />

It is essential for those who<br />

experience abuse to know that there are<br />

many resources that can help them. The<br />

Women and Gender Resource Center<br />

and Counseling center are just two of<br />

the resources available for students<br />

at The University of Alabama. For<br />

some community resources, check out<br />

Turning Point, a domestic violence and<br />

sexual assault counseling and shelter,<br />

Child Abuse Prevention Services, Crisis<br />

Services in <strong>No</strong>rth Alabama, Shelby County<br />

Department of Human Resources and<br />

One Place Metro Alabama Family Justice<br />

Center.<br />

If you or someone you know is<br />

experiencing abuse and needs help, here<br />

are some national hotlines that you can<br />

reach out to:<br />

National Domestic Violence Hotline<br />

Hotline: 1.800.799.HOPE<br />

National Teen Dating<br />

Hotline: 1 (866) 331 – 9474<br />

RAINN National Sexual Assault<br />

Hotline 1 (800) 656-4673<br />

Substance Abuse and Mental Health<br />

Services Administration (SAMHSA)<br />

Hotline: 1 (800) 662 – 4357<br />

Department of Defense (DOD) Safe<br />

Helpline for Sexual Assault<br />

Hotline: 1 (800) 995-5247<br />

StrongHearts Native Helpline<br />

Hotline: (844) 762- 8483<br />


[food and health]<br />

Are Our Essential Oils Actually<br />

Doing Anything?<br />

Negative Self-Talk vs The Brain<br />

UTI Myths and Facts<br />

66<br />

68<br />

70<br />



Are<br />

Our<br />

Essential Oils<br />

Actually Doing<br />

Anything?<br />

by Morgan Byerley<br />


Essential oils such as peppermint,<br />

lavender and tea tree have<br />

become increasingly popular over<br />

the years. They are often promoted<br />

as part of natural living, yet some<br />

remain skeptical about their<br />

effectiveness and usability. Avid<br />

users of the oils are passionate about<br />

the healing capabilities of essential<br />

oils and are committed to living<br />

naturally without the toxins and<br />

chemicals. Questions have arisen<br />

about the effectiveness of essential<br />

oils and if they actually do more than<br />

just smell nice.<br />

Dr. Abby Horton, a nurse and<br />

professor at The University of<br />

Alabama, whose research has<br />

included holistic care, said ​she<br />

“finds essential oils to be very<br />

helpful for supporting overall health<br />

and wellness, but that they are<br />

not a substitute for conventional<br />

medicine.”<br />

Essential oils can help support the<br />

body when it’s going through an<br />

illness or have certain symptoms,<br />

but Dr. Horton emphasized that it<br />

is important for users to do research<br />

and find what works best for them.<br />

Using essential oils is a very personal<br />

journey so it’s important to find a<br />

brand that the user is comfortable<br />

with and has data to back their<br />

products.<br />

Horton teaches a class through<br />

the WellBAMA Program and said<br />

using essential oils is part of a<br />

lifestyle. Many people don’t realize<br />

the irritation caused by synthetic<br />

fragrances and other toxins. Using<br />

quality essential oils can greatly help<br />

reduce allergies caused by harsh<br />

cleaners and household products.<br />

Essential oil companies, such as<br />

Young Living, support switching out<br />

everyday household products like<br />

soaps and detergents for naturalbased<br />

products that use essential<br />

oils. Essential oils can eventually<br />

become a part of daily life and<br />

positively impact a person’s overall<br />

health.<br />

With many options available, it<br />

may be overwhelming when first<br />

choosing a brand and starter oils.<br />

“I think you definitely have to be<br />

careful in choosing the best essential<br />

oil brand,” said Ainsley Frey, a<br />

nursing student at Franciscan<br />

University. “For example, most of the<br />

oils found at Target or on Amazon<br />

contain synthetic ingredients and do<br />

more harm to your body than good.”<br />

Frey uses Doterra oils since “they<br />

are more transparent in their process<br />

of deriving and processing each oil.”<br />

Young Living is also another<br />

essential oil company that is also<br />

known for its commitment to purity<br />

and transparency in its processes.<br />

“Young Living Essential Oils are<br />

pure, they are nontoxic and delicately<br />

cared for at each farm under strict<br />

standards for quality and purity,”<br />

said Carmine Loper, a member of<br />

the Young Living Company. They<br />

are monitored from when the seeds<br />

go into the ground until the distilled<br />

oil is bottled to ensure the highest<br />

quality oil.”<br />

When choosing an essential oil<br />

brand, it’s important to make sure<br />

the company is committed to both<br />

quality and purity in its products.<br />

Synthetic fragrances found in lower<br />

quality oils can potentially cause<br />

irritation or an allergic reaction for<br />

the user.<br />

Within companies like Young Living<br />

and Doterra, there are a variety of<br />

essential oils to choose from that all<br />

have specific properties and uses.<br />

Most oils can be used in numerous<br />

ways and even combined with other<br />

oils to create a new blend of oils.<br />

Thieves, a blend of essential oil made<br />

from clove, cinnamon and lemon, is<br />

a popular oil for cleaning. Essential<br />

oils can also have many different<br />

uses such as helping headaches,<br />

promoting immune support and<br />

even increasing concentration.<br />

“Clary Sage helps my menstrual<br />

cramps immensely, and ingesting<br />

ginger does wonders if I have nausea<br />

or feel sick,” Frey said. “I also like<br />

peppermint oil for headaches and<br />

always ingest oregano oil in a capsule<br />

when I have an infection.”<br />

Loper also uses a variety of oils<br />

within her home ranging from<br />

skincare to immune support.<br />

“Peppermint is a great oil to diffuse<br />

to enhance focus and concentration<br />

while studying; it also can be used<br />

diluted with a carrier oil to rub on<br />

fatigued muscles,” Loper said.<br />

Other oils, like Frankincense,<br />

can be used in a variety of ways<br />

and can also provide skincare<br />

benefits. “Frankincense is<br />

also one of my favorite oils,” Loper<br />

said. “Frankincense has a very mild<br />

aroma, and sometimes I apply it<br />

to my forehead and over my heart<br />

for calming; it’s also amazing to<br />

use in your skincare routine for<br />

healthy-looking skin and evening<br />

out skin tones.”<br />

Many essential oils can also be<br />

used for their mood-boosting<br />

properties. Citrus scents such as<br />

orange or lime can make a room<br />

feel fresh and clean. Lavender and<br />

peppermint are also popular oils<br />

recommended to people interested<br />

in trying essential oils for the first<br />

time. Loper recognizes that it can<br />

take time to get used to using<br />

essential oils rather than turning<br />

to over-the-counter medicine<br />

right away. Using essential oils<br />

is committing to living more<br />

naturally and recognizing your<br />

body’s specific needs.<br />

Learning to use essential oils<br />

is a personal journey due to the<br />

uniqueness of one’s body and<br />

health needs. It’s important to do<br />

research when first starting out<br />

and recognize that essential oils<br />

are not a stand-in for conventional<br />

medicine but still have many<br />

health benefits.<br />

“I’m going into my ninth year of<br />

using essential oils, and it truly<br />

has been life-changing for our<br />

family,” said Loper.<br />

Learning to use essential oils<br />

may be a learning curve since it<br />

takes time to learn about the oils<br />

and decide on a brand that is a<br />

good fit. It’s important to research<br />

options and learn how the oils can<br />

be used on a daily basis. From<br />

helping headaches to cleaning<br />

a room, using essential oils is a<br />

commitment towards a natural<br />

and effective lifestyle.<br />

Disclaimer: The information<br />

included in this article is for<br />

educational purposes only and<br />

is not intended to be a substitute<br />

for medical treatment by a<br />

healthcare professional. Because<br />

of unique individual needs, the<br />

reader should consult his or her<br />

personal healthcare provider to<br />

determine the appropriateness of<br />

the information for the reader’s<br />

situation.<br />



When looking in the mirror, the thoughts that can<br />

enter the brain or cross the mind are not always<br />

positive. These thoughts or feelings can cross over to<br />

grades, work, sports, accomplishments and so on. The<br />

inner dialogue inside the brain that creates feelings of<br />

unworthiness, or limits self-confidence is negative selftalk.<br />

Confidence, anxiety, depression, self-esteem are<br />

all places these thoughts can stem from. Unfortunately,<br />

living with negative-free thoughts is not reality. In fact,<br />

the average person has around 12,000 to 60,000 thoughts<br />

per day and 80% of those are negative according to the<br />

National Science Foundation.<br />

The thoughts in the mind that create doubt, shame or<br />

discontent with appearance are characteristics of the<br />

never-ending bad habit of all humankind: negative selftalk.<br />

Within this internal dialogue, there can be positive<br />

self-talk, as well, that can be encouraging. Nevertheless,<br />

positive self-talk doesn’t become a habit as easily as<br />

negative self-talk does. Changing those negative thoughts<br />

to positive thoughts is the way to break the reflex of<br />

negative self-reflection.<br />

This all comes down to the fact that the brain chemical<br />

Cortisol is the one to blame for those negative thoughts<br />

that enter people’s minds without permission. Cortisol,<br />

the primary stress hormone, competes with dopamine,<br />

the chemical that sends positive reinforcement to the<br />

brain. The more dopamine, the less cortisol. The more<br />

cortisol, the more negative thoughts that can enter our<br />

brain. These negative thoughts can lead to anxiety,<br />

depression and other mental illnesses as the levels of<br />

dopamine and cortisol are off. To combat these thoughts,<br />

there are practices to put in place to promote positivity<br />

in daily life.<br />

The University of Alabama’s (UA) Director of Clinical<br />

Training, Matt Jarrett, suggests attacking those thoughts<br />

head-on. Asking questions internally when noticing those<br />

negative thoughts is one of the ways to cope with them.<br />

“The thoughts we have might be driven more by<br />

emotions and worries. Traditionally, the focus would be<br />

on how to change the thought, noticing and recognizing<br />

the thought comes first,” said Jarrett.<br />

Jarrett suggests asking the following questions when<br />

having those thoughts:<br />

• Is the thought accurate?<br />

• Is there truth behind it?<br />

• How likely is it that this will happen?<br />

• How bad would it actually be if it did?<br />

Inner dialogue within the mind can seem out of the<br />

norm, but in fact, numerous people go through the<br />

process of talking to themselves. However, not everybody<br />

has internal monologues on a daily basis. There is a<br />

spectrum of talking to oneself: some all the time, some<br />

sometimes and some never. Psychology Professor Russell<br />

Hubert conducted a study on 30 college students finding<br />

that an average of 26% of them had internal speech. Each<br />

individual varied on the spectrum but came out to an<br />

average of 26%.<br />

To help see if the thoughts are meaningful, ask yourself<br />

if you would hold the same negativity to a friend in that<br />

situation said Dr. Greg Vandarwal, Executive Director<br />

of the Counseling Center at UA. Vandarwal explained<br />

that “consistently thinking negative becomes learned or<br />

automatic,” much like a habit or pattern of behavior.<br />

Simple lifestyle changes can make a big impact on<br />

dopamine release. Having a routine, exercising daily,<br />

prioritizing sleep and eating right are all small changes<br />

that can improve those negative thoughts.<br />

“Journaling those thoughts or saying the thoughts out<br />

loud can help put in perspective the truth of thought,”<br />

said Vandarwaal.<br />

A more fun way of combating those negative thoughts is<br />

to give a name to those internal thought processes, said<br />

Vandarwal. This can help separate the thoughts from the<br />

truth and easier to challenge that type of thinking.<br />

The University of Alabama junior studying Architectural<br />

Engineering, Henry McKlin, previously struggled<br />

with negative self-talk when he was younger and now<br />

understands the false reality behind it. McKlin explains<br />

that he learned to separate the thoughts that had truth<br />

behind it versus the ones that didn’t.<br />

“<strong>No</strong>w that I have proven to myself that I can do the things<br />

that I originally thought I couldn’t, I am less susceptible<br />

to believe those types of thoughts,” said McKlin.<br />

The belief of the negative thoughts that pass through<br />

the brain can lead to self-doubt and stunt an individual’s<br />

potential. Believe you can do it until you have at least<br />

tried, suggests McKlin.<br />

“If you’re struggling to not be negative towards yourself,<br />

talk to someone,” said Vandarwal.<br />

The University of Alabama’s Counseling Center is<br />

available for immediate help with a trained volunteer<br />

when texting “BAMA” to 741-741 or call UA Police<br />

Department (UAPD) at 205-348-5454 and ask to speak<br />

with the on-call counselor. To speak with someone on a<br />

more casual basis, UA’s Counseling Center and Women’s<br />

Gender Resource Center (WGRC) are prepared to speak<br />

with students. There is also a free online self-help site,<br />

Welltrack, that can help explain the feelings someone<br />

might be going through and the next steps are. For<br />

more information, visit UA’s Counseling Center website,<br />

https://counseling.sa.ua.edu/.<br />


UTI<br />

MYTHS<br />


Urinary Tract Infection, otherwise<br />

A known as a UTI, is one of the most<br />

common diseases to the human body<br />

in both women and men. Although it is<br />

a common disease that doctors see in<br />

patients, there are still misconceptions<br />

about what a UTI is, and how it should<br />

be treated. A vast majority of women<br />

heavily rely on at-home methods like<br />

cranberry pills or simply downing a bottle<br />

of cranberry juice as soon as they feel a<br />

burning sensation in the vaginal area. It is<br />

not often that men and women feel enough<br />

urgency to contact a doctor or physician as<br />

soon as symptoms of a UTI occur, but is it<br />

vital for long-term health and to prevent<br />

further complications.<br />

UTIs are a common occurrence, and both<br />

men and women get treatment for this<br />

issue more often than what is assumed<br />

by the public. Often, men and women see<br />

UTIs as embarrassing, when in reality,<br />

treatment is necessary to prevent further<br />

infection to the body.<br />

“I’ve definitely had my fair share of UTIs,”<br />

said Hope Saunders, a criminal justice<br />

major at The University of Alabama.<br />

“It’s something I just deal with and keep<br />

going on about my day. There’s nothing<br />

embarrassing about a UTI, it’s completely<br />

normal.”<br />

Contrary to popular belief, UTIs are one<br />

of the most common concerns doctors<br />

see on a regular basis. One common<br />

misconception about a UTI is that a person<br />

who has one is unclean.<br />

“I think a lot of people have a<br />

misconception about a UTI and that it<br />

must be about hygiene or that people are<br />

not being clean,” said Dr. Abby Horton,<br />

professor at The University of Alabama.<br />

“Some people think it is due to something<br />

they are eating too.”<br />

Staying away from tight underwear and<br />

tight clothing in general can help prevent<br />

UTIs. “We always hear, especially when<br />

talking to young girls, to make sure that<br />

underwear is loose fitting and cotton,” said<br />

Horton. “For people who are sensitive,<br />

that is vital because a lot of underwear is<br />

tight and made of synthetic materials.”<br />

In today’s world, the internet is<br />

filled with quick at-home methods to<br />

supposedly cure pretty much anything a<br />

person would search for. One of the myths<br />

about curing a UTI is ingesting cranberry<br />

juice or cranberry pills. Unfortunately,<br />

this method is simply a myth. Drinks<br />

and pills that contain cranberry extract<br />

are not cures, but they can be seen as a<br />

preventative against UTIs or a reliever<br />

until a doctor is able to be seen.<br />

“These methods are not going to help<br />

if a man or woman actually gets a UTI,<br />

however, it can relieve some of your<br />

symptoms,” said Horton. “If you drink<br />

organic, sugar-free cranberry juice, it<br />

seems to help. As far as cranberry pills go,<br />



it is important that you get a reputable<br />

brand, and that you get one that has<br />

D-mannose with cranberry. Healthcare<br />

providers usually recommend taking this<br />

as a prevention.”<br />

Although cranberry juice is proven to<br />

be a preventative and a common reliever<br />

against UTIs, it needs to be taken in large<br />

quantities to create the same effect that<br />

one would get from consuming cranberry<br />

pills.<br />

Unfortunately, women deal with these<br />

matters at a higher percentage than men<br />

do. In fact, roughly 60% of women have<br />

suffered from a UTI, which is a stark<br />

contrast to the roughly 40% of men who<br />

have had a UTI.<br />

“Women get UTIs more often because<br />

the urethra of the man is much longer<br />

than a woman, and a shorter urethra<br />

breeds infection,” said Dr. Gwendolyn<br />

Hooper, a professor in The Capstone<br />

College of Nursing at The University of<br />

Alabama. “UTIs have nothing to do with<br />

cleanliness – they are actually due to an<br />

outside source coming into the urethra,<br />

the tube that runs from the bladder to the<br />

outside, or a birth defect that would cause<br />

frequent UTIs.”<br />

Men and women are told to take<br />

precautionary measures to prevent<br />

UTIs as well. Making sure feminine and<br />

body products are free from parabens is<br />

important in preventing any infection of<br />

the vaginal area.<br />

It is important to understand that a UTI<br />

is not a sexually transmitted disease.<br />

“It is just an infection,” said Hooper.<br />

“Some sexually transmitted diseases are<br />

infections as well, but a UTI is different.”<br />

Oftentimes, men and women will visit a<br />

doctor complaining of burning or painful<br />

urination associated with a UTI, terrified<br />

that they have an STD.<br />

According to a qualitative interview study<br />

conducted by The British Medical Journal,<br />

women with signs or symptoms of UTIs<br />

preferred to use at-home methods to avoid<br />

excessive doctor’s visits and side effects of<br />

antibiotics. In the study they conducted,<br />

they found that “women indicated a desire<br />

to avoid taking antibiotics and were open<br />

to alternative management strategies,<br />

including delayed antibiotics.”<br />

An untreated UTI can lead to further<br />

infection in the body. It’s important to<br />

note that consulting a doctor or medical<br />

physician is vital to cure a UTI. Common<br />

at-home methods should only be used to<br />

prevent infection and relieve symptoms,<br />

not as a cure. Visiting a doctor’s office to<br />

get a urine specimen is necessary.<br />

“E-coli is the number one bacterium that<br />

causes UTIs,” said Hooper. “The bacteria<br />

can go into the urethra and bladder and<br />

can continue to grow. Left untreated, the<br />

bacteria can move into the kidney, causing<br />

a kidney infection. ”<br />

It’s important to know differences in<br />

the symptoms between a common UTI<br />

and yeast infection, though they can both<br />

occur at the same time. Consulting a<br />

doctor on the onset of the symptoms can<br />

be helpful to get proper treatment and<br />

alleviate further worsening of infection.<br />

“A common UTI would include burning<br />

on urination, frequency of urination, fever<br />

and pain in the lower abdomen,” Hooper<br />

said. “Some people also have back pain<br />

on either side of their lower back. Yeast<br />

infections usually have a white vaginal<br />

discharge, burning with or without<br />

urination and itching.”<br />

Knowing the body is important to<br />

detect symptoms of a UTI and to receive<br />

treatment from a doctor or health care<br />

physician as soon as possible. UTIs can be<br />

a scary and uncomfortable experience, but<br />

taking proper preventative measures can<br />

be proven helpful to overall health.<br />



alice.ua.edu<br />

@alicethemag<br />

@alicethemag<br />

<strong>Alice</strong> Magazine<br />


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