April 2022 — MHCE Newsletter

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News from MHCE


US Lawmakers Call

for Deliveries of Heavy

Weapons to Ukraine as War

Pivots East

See page 22

Monthly Newsletter

Biden approves another $800M

in US military aid to Ukraine,

including howitzers, helicopters

and armored vehicles


will send another $800 million in

weapons that includes artillery,

helicopters and armored vehicles

to Ukraine as its forces prepare

for a new Russian attack in

the country’s eastern region,

President Joe Biden announced


“This new package of assistance

will contain many of the highly

effective weapons systems we

have already provided and new

capabilities tailored to the wider

assault we expect Russia to

launch in eastern Ukraine,” Biden

said in a prepared statement.

Those additional weapons

will include 300 Switchblade

tactical drones, 11 Mi-17

helicopters, 18 155mm howitzer

artillery systems, 200 M113

armored personnel carriers and

100 armored high-mobility

multipurpose wheeled vehicles,

according to the Pentagon.

“The steady supply of weapons

the United States and its allies

and partners have provided to

Ukraine has been critical in

sustaining its fight against the

Russian invasion,” Biden said.

“It has helped ensure that Putin

failed in his initial war aims to

conquer and control Ukraine. We

cannot rest now.”

Pentagon officials have said

they believe Russian forces are

preparing an onslaught of the

Donbas region in eastern Ukraine.

The new aid to Ukraine comes

as Russia has been adding

helicopters, additional artillery

systems and troops to infantry

units that recently left the capital

of Kyiv and Chernihiv in northern

Ukraine “for what we continue to

believe is going to be a renewed

push” toward the Donbas, a

senior U.S. defense official said


“We continue to see movements

and activity of Russian forces

in Belarus and in Russia as they

continue to reassemble their

forces, stage them, [and add]

equipment and material support,”

said the official who spoke on

condition of anonymity.

Biden made the announcement

after telling Ukraine President

Volodymyr Zelenskyy of his plans

by phone Wednesday afternoon,

according to the statement.

The expected new Russian

offensive on the Donbas region

could prove to be easier for

Russian forces than prior assaults

in northern and southern Ukraine,

chief Pentagon spokesman John

Kirby said Wednesday. That’s

because Russia is more familiar

with the terrain there after fighting

in the region since it last invaded

Ukraine in 2014.

"The other aspect of this is the

topography [of eastern Ukraine.]

It's been described to me [as]

a bit like Kansas a little bit

flatter, it's a little bit more open,”

he said. “It's the kind of place

where we can anticipate [Russia]

to use tanks and long-range fires,

artillery and rocket fire to achieve

some of their objectives before

committing ground troops.”


The range of weapons in the

latest military aid package was

chosen, in part, based on that

assessment. The security package

also includes 10 AN/TPQ-36

counter-artillery radars, 2 AN/

MPQ-64 Sentinel air surveillance

radars, 500 Javelin missiles and

thousands of “other anti-armor

systems,” 40,000 artillery rounds,

30,000 sets of body armor and

helmets, and more than 2,000

optics and laser rangefinders,

according to the Pentagon.

An undisclosed number of

“unmanned coastal-defense

vessels” is also being sent

to Ukraine, along with C-4

explosives and demolition

equipment for clearing obstacles,

M18A1 Claymore anti-personnel

munitions, medical supplies and

protective equipment to guard

against chemical, biological,

radiological and nuclear exposure,

the Pentagon said.

U.S. troops will need to train

Ukrainians on some of the

systems in the new package,

Kirby said, such as the howitzers,

counter-artillery and air

surveillance radars, rangefinders

and Claymores.

“We’re still working on what

that’s going to look like,” he said.

“Because they are in an active

fight, [we may conduct] a trainthe-trainers

program pull a

small number of Ukrainian forces

Continued on page 13

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Focus on Oversight a Key for Success at


In the corrections industry, maintaining high standards of

operation is imperative to meeting the needs of the individuals

in our care. That's why CoreCivic adheres to a stringent set of

guidelines set forth by our own standards, as well as those of our

government partners and the American Correctional Association


Founded in 1870, the ACA is considered the national benchmark

for the effective operation of correctional systems throughout

the United States. To become accredited, a facility must achieve

compliance with ACA mandatory standards and a minimum of

90 percent non-mandatory standards. CoreCivic facilities adhere

to ACA standards, and in 2020, CoreCivic earned an average

ACA audit score of 99.6 percent across all facilities.

Key ACA audit areas include facility personnel, resident reentry

programs, resident safety, health care, and more.

holds our facilities and staff to a high standard. To be able to

represent our facility and receive reaccreditation in person is an


Adhering to ACA standards is only one part of CoreCivic's

commitment to robust oversight. When government partners

utilize CoreCivic's services, we are held not only to our own

high standards and those of the ACA, but we are often held to

the same or higher accountability of our public counterparts

through stringent government contracts, unfettered access to

our facilities for our partners, and hundreds of on-site quality

assurance monitors.

We provide access to our government partners, with most of

our facilities having government agency employees known as

contract monitors who are physically on-site to ensure we are

operating in line with partner guidelines.

Recently, the ACA held in Nashville, Tennessee, its 151st

Congress of Corrections, an annual convention that brings

together corrections professionals from across the country. In

addition to various workshops and events at the convention, the

ACA Commission on Accreditation also held panel hearings to

award accreditation to correctional facilities that meet the ACA's

rigorous requirements. Listed below are the seven CoreCivic

facilities that earned reaccreditation this year, with mandatory/

non-mandatory scores:

• Bent County Correctional Facility - 100/99.0

• Citrus County Detention Facility - 100/100

• Eloy Detention Center - 100/100

• Lake Erie Correctional Institution - 100/99.3

• Saguaro Correctional Center - 100/99.8

• Stewart Detention Center - 100/100

• Tallahatchie County Correctional Facility - 100/100

"The accreditation process is very important," said Warden

Fred Figueroa from Eloy Detention Center, one of the seven

CoreCivic facilities that was awarded reaccreditation. "ACA

To maintain our own high standards, annual on-site audits covering

all operational areas are administered to ensure compliance with

contractual and regulatory obligations and corporate-mandated

requirements. Each CoreCivic Safety facility is audited by our

internal quality assurance division, which is independent from

our operations division. Facilities are expected to be audit-ready

year-round, maintaining continuous compliance with numerous

applicable standards.

CoreCivic employs 75 staff members dedicated to quality

assurance, including several subject matter experts with extensive

experience from all major disciplines within our institutional


"A lot of hard work goes into preparing for these audits,"

Figueroa said. "Once they're complete, the staff can see their

accomplishments and feel proud."

Having multiple levels of oversight helps CoreCivic maintain

a safe environment for those in our care. By holding ourselves

accountable to our own high standards, along with our

government partners' and ACA's standards, CoreCivic continues

to be a trusted partner working to better the public good.

6 | MHCE - News www.mhce.us APRIL 2022 EDITION

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8 | MHCE - News www.mhce.us APRIL 2022 EDITION

Republican Lawmakers Call for Reopening US

Embassy in Ukraine’s Capital

WASHINGTON Some Republican lawmakers are calling

for the U.S. to resume its diplomatic presence in Ukraine

and reopen its embassy in the capital Kyiv now that Russia’s

invading forces have withdrawn from the city’s surrounding


Multiple countries recently announced plans to reopen

embassies in Kyiv, including Italy, Portugal, Belgium, Austria

and Turkey. The embassies of Slovenia, the Czech Republic

and Lithuania have already opened their doors, as has the

diplomatic office of the European Union. The U.S. needs to

quickly follow suit, Republicans said.

“It’s time,” said Sen. Joni Ernst, R-Iowa, an Army veteran. “We

have numerous American [non-governmental organizations]

operating in Ukraine, thousands of Americans who never left,

and American news operations in the country. It’s time to return

and show Ukraine, and the world, our enduring commitment

to their freedom.”

The U.S. Embassy moved its consular operations to the western

Ukrainian city of Lviv, near the Polish border, days before

Russia’s invasion and shuttered its Kyiv office entirely on Feb.

28. Diplomats and staff have been working from Poland ever


White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki on Monday declined

to set a timetable for a return this week. Jake Sullivan, the

national security adviser, said Sunday that U.S. officials are

“working through” when to send diplomats back to Kyiv. The

State Department said it is constantly evaluating safety in Kyiv

and does not have specifics on when the U.S. Embassy there

could reopen.

“In the meantime, we continue to stay in close touch with the

government of Ukraine and its leadership at all levels and

engage in conversations with our Ukrainian counterparts every

day,” a spokesperson said Thursday.

Ernst criticized the administration of President Joe Biden

for being “far too risk-averse” about restoring a diplomatic

presence in Ukraine and said a U.S. diplomat she met in Poland

last month “tearfully told me she wanted to return.”

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has urged

governments to send back their embassy staff, saying the return

of foreign missions would signal to Russia “that Kyiv is ours.”

Russian forces retreated from the northern part of the country

earlier this month after failing to seize the capital.

“We need your support, even at the level of symbols and

diplomatic gestures,” Zelenskyy said last week in a video

address. “Please come back, everybody who is brave, please

come back to our capital and continue working.”

Sen. Jim Inhofe, R-Okla., and Rep. Rob Wittman, R-Va., praised

foreign governments for heeding that call and said the U.S.

must now back up its commitment to Ukraine and diplomacy

with on-the-ground action.

“We must safely reopen the U.S. Embassy in Kyiv as quickly as

possible,” Wittman said. “To do so will send a clear message of

our support for Ukraine, emphasize the country’s unquestioned

sovereignty, and support and facilitate critical diplomatic

channels between the U.S. and Ukrainian governments at

various levels.”

Sen. Jacky Rosen, D-Nev., cautioned that a diplomatic return to

Kyiv would need to be carefully vetted for security. Embassy

personnel in Poland have continued to perform their “important

work” even outside the country, she said.

“While it is valuable to have a diplomatic presence on the

ground in Ukraine, the State Department will have to determine

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when our diplomats are able to safely carry out their mission in

Kyiv,” she said.

Top politicians, as well as envoys, have poured into the city in

recent days.

The presidents of Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia traveled

by train into Kyiv to meet with Zelenskyy on Wednesday.

Last week, European Commission President Ursula von der

Leyen toured the nearby town of Bucha, where Russians are

accused of committing mass atrocities. The United Kingdom's

prime minister, Boris Johnson, walked the streets of Kyiv with

Zelenskyy in a surprise visit on Saturday.

Rep. Stephanie Bice, R-Okla., described Johnson’s visit

as a “powerful demonstration of support for the people of

Ukraine.” There are no plans for President Joe Biden to make a

similar trip, White House officials have said, though there are

reportedly discussions of sending another high-level official to

the Ukraine capital.

On Tuesday, Rep. Victoria Spartz, the first Ukrainian-born

member of Congress, asked Secretary of State Antony Blinken

to consider redeploying diplomats to Lviv, a city largely

untouched by Russian artillery that has served as a hub for

people displaced by the war.

“As the single largest provider of military and humanitarian

assistance to Ukraine, it is past time that the United States

follow our European allies in kind," Spartz, R-Ind., wrote in a


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contact kyle.stephens@mhce.us

WWW.MHCE.US Monthly Newsletter | 13

out so they can get trained on these systems and then send them back


The additional weapons for Ukraine come as Defense Secretary Lloyd

Austin met with defense industry leaders Wednesday regarding “the

kinds of systems that had been involved in the security assistance

program,” a senior U.S. defense official said.


“[Austin] wanted to focus this particular meeting on … making sure

that we have a good sense of where industry is in transactions and that

they have a good sense of where we are in terms of our production

needs,” the official told reporters at the Pentagon.

While Austin was “very adamant” about discussing equipment sent to

Ukraine, “we're not having this meeting with them because our stocks

are so low that our readiness is impaired,” the official said.

“We have been giving an awful lot of stuff to the Ukrainians, and so

it would be the prudent thing to do before it becomes a crisis issue for

our own readiness to have a discussion with them about accelerated

production and advanced production,” the official said.

Since taking office in January 2021, Biden has now sent Ukraine

about $3.2 billion in military aid an amount that “equates to more

than half of Ukraine's defense budget for last year, which was about

$4.2 billion,” the official said.

“The Ukrainian military has used the weapons we are providing to

devastating effect,” Biden said in his statement Wednesday. “As

Russia prepares to intensify its attack in the Donbas region, the United

States will continue to provide Ukraine with the capabilities to defend


About $2.5 billion of the U.S. aid has been sent since Russia invaded

Ukraine less than seven weeks ago, according to the Pentagon. The

contents of the packages have ranged from small arms and ammunitions

to anti-aircraft systems and 100 Switchblade tactical drones.

By the end of Thursday, the U.S. expects to have delivered all the

previously approved drones, the official said. Switchblades, dubbed

“kamikaze drones,” are portable loitering munitions that crash

into targets while detonating explosive warheads, according to

AeroVironment, which makes the weapon.

Most Ukrainian troops are not trained on the system, though “a small

number” recently completed Switchblade training with U.S. troops at

the Naval Small Craft Instruction and Technical Training School in

Biloxi, Miss., Kirby said Sunday.

Those forces, which had been in the U.S. since before the Russian

invasion, returned to Ukraine on Monday and are expected to train

their fellow Ukrainian troops to operate the systems. But American

troops in neighboring NATO countries also could be called upon to

train Ukrainians on the systems, the official said.

"We are looking at options for additional switchblade training,” the

official said. “Certainly, one option that would be available to us

would be to utilize [U.S.] troops that are closer to Ukraine."

The U.S. has more than 100,000 troops stationed in Europe the

most it’s had on the Continent since 2005. More than 14,000 of them

are deployed to countries on NATO’s eastern flank, such as Poland,

Romania, Slovakia and Hungary.

14 | MHCE - News www.mhce.us APRIL 2022 EDITION

Schriever Space Force Base

Receives $30 Million for New

Fitness Center

A project for a $30 million

renovation of the fitness center at

Schriever Space Force Baseoutside

of Colorado Springs, Colorado,

was approved last month, giving

Guardians stationed in the rural area

access to a more modern gym after

several years of fighting for updates

to the building.

U.S. Sen. Michael Bennet, D-Colo.,

earmarked the project in the fiscal

2022 omnibus funding bill. The

funding was secured last month,

and will be crucial for maintaining

morale, recruitment and readiness.

Our service members at Schriever

are on watch 24/7 -- and the $30

million we secured in the government

spending bill will meet the demands

of the growing population on base

and support their readiness," Bennet

said in an emailed statement.

In the 1980s, a little more than 200

Air Forcepersonnel called Schriever

home. Now, more than 8,000

Guardians, contractors and other

military personnel work out of the

Space Force base.

An aide for Bennet said the rural

location of the base makes it hard

for Guardians to easily access a gym

outside of the fence line and the one

at Schriever is too small with the

recent influx of service members at

the installation.

The nearest private gym options

are in Colorado Springs, about 30

minutes away. Prior to becoming a

Space Force installation last year,

Schriever was an Air Force base

focused on missile defense and

satellite logistics.

When it was an Air Force base,

Schriever's fitness center had been

undergoing small renovations for

half a decade.

In 2017, rot and corrosion were

found behind the walls when the

base began renovating the locker

room showers. Prior to that, there

had been no changes made to the

building since 2001, according to an

Air Force press release at that time.

With the $30 million funding secured,

a government contract seeking bids

for the renovations was posted online

late last month. Details of the project

show lofty plans for the gym.

The more than 5,000 square meters

being added to the gym will include

new construction and renovations

for "an indoor running track, two

large multi-use basketball courts,

racquetball court, fitness areas, group

exercise area," as well as updated

men's and women's locker rooms.

Bennet told Military.com that

securing the funding for the project

"was an opportunity for Colorado

communities, including our military

communities, to tell Washington

directly about their needs and


A timeline for the completion of

the renovations has not yet been


In 2023 budget documents released

last month, Space Force -- which

falls under the department of the

Air Force -- requested $24.5 billion,

which marked a nearly 40% increase

from the previous year.

There were no construction

estimates in the 2023 budget request

for the Space Force, but the Air

Force budget did ask for $68 million

to build a dormitory at Clear Space

Force Station in Denali, Alaska.

Many construction projects for the

Space Force, such as the fitness

center renovations at Schriever, will

be picked up by state or congressional


The construction of the fitness center

at Schriever also comes as the Space

Force makes plans to scrap an annual

physical fitness test and will rely

mostly on wearable fitness trackers

by 2023.

As Guardians await beta-testing and

rollout of the program, they will be

required to complete an Air Force

physical fitness test in 2022 if they

haven't done so already.

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16 | MHCE - News www.mhce.us APRIL 2022 EDITION

Career Sailor on Okinawa Gets Presidential Award

for Hundreds of USO Volunteer Hours

CAMP FOSTER, Okinawa – A master-at-arms on Okinawa – “a

tenacious and faithful” volunteer at the camp USO – has been

recognized with the President’s Volunteer Service Award.

Petty Officer 1st Class Erin Stroup, 40, received the honor for

volunteering 170 hours at the Camp Foster USO in the previous

year; she earned the same award last year for volunteering 120


“I volunteer to give back to fellow service members and to make

friends outside of work, and it gives me something meaningful

to do when I am not working,” Stroup told Stars and Stripes at

the USO on Wednesday.

The President’s Council on Service and Civic Participation,

created by President George W. Bush in 2003, established the

award to honor volunteers who give hundreds of hours a year

helping others, according to the council website.

It has three categories: 100 hours for bronze, 250 hours for silver

and 500 hours for gold. A lifetime award recognizes volunteers

who give 4,000 hours or more. USO volunteers track their hours

on an app then submit them to USO leadership to be considered

for the PVSA.

Stroup, who stands security watch at White Beach Naval

Facility, received the bronze award memorandum and certificate

signed by President Joe Biden on March 31, the day a Camp

Foster USO post on Facebook described her as “one of our most

tenacious and faithful volunteers.”

“We are always in need of volunteers,” said USO volunteer

supervisor Melissa Olivares, a Marine spouse from Texas, on

Wednesday. “The USO asks for two hours a month from each

volunteer. We need at least five volunteers a day to keep the

USO open.”

“We cook lunch twice a week then advertise each meal on the

Camp Foster USO Facebook page,” said USO center operations

manager Mardie Velasquez, an Air Force spouse from El Paso,

Texas. “We recorded more than 4,200 active-duty service

members in March. If you look at our food events alone, we see

about 2,500 to 3,000 a month just on our meal events.”

Most of the USO’s patrons are Marines between ages 18 and 21,

Stroup said.

“I think it’s harder for them to get off base because some Marines

do not have driving privileges and many live on base,” she said.

When Stroup is not standing watch or volunteering, she is an

active scuba diver with 200 dives around Okinawa and 50

elsewhere worldwide. Her 20-year career has taken her to 53

countries, and she says if COVID-19 travel restrictions lift in

Japan, she’ll spend less time in the water and more time traveling

to new places.


contact Susan.Keller@mhce.us

The Camp Foster USO organizes recreational activities and

provides access to computers, printers, Wi-Fi, TVs, international

phone calls, games, food and beverages at no charge to service


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18 | MHCE - News www.mhce.us APRIL 2022 EDITION

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2022 Program Update

In these uncertain times, the Harbert College of Business is

taking extraordinary steps to ensure the health and welfare of its

students. As such, only two study abroad trips will be offered for

this summer.

Please be on the lookout for details on offerings of a range of

Study Abroad Programs in Summer 2023. We appreciate your

interest and will be global again as soon as possible.

Study Abroad

At the Harbert College of Business, we offer the opportunity to

experience different business cultures, practices and standards

around the world. Round out your undergraduate experience with

a study abroad trip to Italy and Spain and gain a global business


Undergraduate study abroad opportunities will allow you to gain

experience with a variety of contexts.

Have Questions?

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away. Let us reassure you we will provide a safe study abroad

experience that will give you an edge in your future career

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Assistant Dean, Harbert Global Programs

Thomas Walter Professor



WWW.MHCE.US Monthly Newsletter | 19

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Man Sentenced to Prison for Derailing Train Near

Hospital Ship at LA Port in Pandemic’s Early Weeks

Eduardo Moreno, 46, pleaded guilty

in December to committing a terrorist

attack and other violence against railroad

carriers and mass transportation systems

in connection with the incident, which

came as the Mercy was docked in L.A.

to relieve healthcare systems strained

by skyrocketing COVID-19 cases in

the early weeks of the pandemic.

In addition to his prison sentence,

Moreno was ordered to pay over

$755,000 in restitution for the damage

caused by the derailment, according to

the U.S. attorney’s office for the Central

District of California.

On March 31, 2020, Moreno drove

the train off the tracks at high speed,

crashing through barriers before it

came to a stop 250 yards from the

Mercy. The ship was not damaged, and

no injuries were reported, although the

incident caused a diesel fuel leak of

approximately 2,000 gallons.

A California Highway Patrol officer

saw the crash and detained Moreno at

the scene.

The Mercy had docked in the Port of

L.A. a week before the crash. With

1,000 beds, the ship was meant to take

patients who did not have COVID-19 to

ease the burden of Los Angeles County

hospitals that had quickly reached


Moreno told Los Angeles Port Police

that he had caused the derailment

because he was suspicious of the

Mercy and believed it was docked for a

“government takeover,” not pandemic

assistance, the U.S. attorney’s office


Moreno said that he had acted alone and

that the act was not premeditated. At the

time of the crash, he was an employee of

Pacific Harbor Line, which operates in

the L.A. and Long Beach port complex.

“While admitting to intentionally

derailing and crashing the train, he said

he knew it would bring media attention

and ‘people could see for themselves,’

referring to the Mercy,” the U.S.

attorney’s office said.

Seven weeks after arriving in Los

Angeles, the Mercy left to return to its

home port in San Diego, having treated

only 77 patients.


contact nathan.stiles@mhce.us

WWW.MHCE.US Monthly Newsletter | 21




contact kyle.stephens@mhce.us

22 | MHCE - News www.mhce.us APRIL 2022 EDITION

said in a video released last week. "We want to

liberate the enemy-occupied territories as soon

as possible. To do this, we need other weapons.”

On Sunday, Rep. Liz Cheney, R-Wyo., called

for the urgent delivery of tanks, artillery and

armored vehicles to Ukraine and said the U.S.

needs to expand its aid shipments beyond

defensive weapons such as anti-tank and antiaircraft


US Lawmakers Call for Deliveries of

Heavy Weapons to Ukraine as War

Pivots East

WASHINGTON Some Capitol Hill

lawmakers say they want to see the U.S. supply

a steady stream of heavy weapons to Ukraine

to help its forces go on the offensive against

advancing Russian troops as the battlefield shifts

to the country’s more rural east.

The fight over the contested Donbas region,

where Russia-backed separatists have held

territory since 2014, is expected to be a protracted

ground war between infantry and artillery on

flat, open terrain, according to Pentagon and

Ukrainian officials. To fend off and push out

Russian forces, Congress members said the U.S.

will need to commit to sending Ukraine hard

power such as tanks, artillery and aircraft.

Ukraine is requesting a host of offensive

weapons, including long-range artillery to

keep Russians at a distance, tanks and armored

vehicles to break through Russian defenses

and liberate occupied territories, and anti-ship

missiles to destroy Russian forces blocking

ports on the Black Sea, according to Ukraine’s

Defense Minister Oleksii Reznikov.

“To win such a war, we need different help

than what we have been receiving before," he

“I think it's really important for us to be very

clear with respect both to the kinds of advanced

weaponry, the kinds of offensive weaponry we

need to be providing them,” she said during an

interview with CNN.

Rep. Mike Gallagher, R-Wis., said the U.S.

should work with its allies to ensure Ukraine

receives Soviet-model tanks, artillery and planes

as well as small-arms ammunition and real-time

intelligence about the Russian army.

“Anti-tank and anti-aircraft systems are still

critical to protecting Ukrainian troops on the

offense and we should continue to supply them

as needed. That said, there is more the U.S. can

and should do to ensure President [Volodymyr]

Zelenskyy is in as strong of a position as

possible,” Gallagher, a former Marine, said in

a statement.

President Joe Biden on Wednesday announced

another $800 million in new military aid for

Ukraine’s war effort. The additional security

assistance could include sophisticated equipment

such as howitzer cannons and armored Humvees,

according to a report by The Washington Post.

“It’s very important that the American people

understand that we want the Ukrainians to win,

and we will support them with appropriate

intelligence information and weapons so they can

regain the territory that has been lost to Russia,

and that includes the area in the Donbas,” Sen.

Mike Rounds, R-S.D., said last week during a

Senate Armed Services Committee hearing.

The battle for Donbas will resemble the largescale

warfare of World War II, according to

Ukraine Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba, with

thousands of tanks, armored vehicles, planes

and artillery. Russia’s larger military is better

positioned in the east than around the Ukrainian

capital of Kyiv, where the Ukrainian resistance

was able pick off columns of Russian tanks and

armored vehicles through small-unit strikes,

Ukrainian officials said.

WWW.MHCE.US Monthly Newsletter | 23

The U.S. is constrained in the kind of heavy equipment it can

provide Ukraine, said Mark Cancian, a former Marine and

senior adviser with the Center for Strategic and International

Studies, a Washington think tank. Most, if not all, the

weapons will need to be Soviet-made and sent through

Eastern European allies who will then receive replacements

from the U.S. Recent appeals by Reznikov and Zelenskyy to

purchase NATO-standard heavy weapons are not practical,

he said.

“If we send them M1 tanks, they wouldn’t know what to do

with them, they don’t have anybody that’s trained on them

and to make an M1 tank effective would take at least a year,”

Cancian said. “And that’s true of F-16 aircraft or anything

else like that that they don’t already operate.”

Slovakia received a Patriot missile system from the U.S.

after sending its S-300 air defense system to Ukraine last

week. Only the Czech Republic has supplied Ukraine with

tanks, sending Soviet-era T-72s.

Rep. Stephanie Bice, R-Okla., said tanks should be sent to

Ukraine “in a swift manner” but acknowledged that brokering

the delivery of aircraft, which Ukraine has repeatedly asked

for to “close the sky” to Russian bombardment, will be

difficult. The White House nixed a deal to transfer MiG

fighter jets from Poland to Ukraine last month, fearing it

would provoke Russia.

“Unfortunately, we are not able to provide the types of

planes that Ukrainian pilots can immediately fly,” Bice said

in a statement. “We are relying on other nations to supply

those, and so far, that hasn’t been possible either.”

Sen. Richard Blumenthal, D-Conn., said he has strongly

supported providing more lethal weapons, including fighter

jets, to Ukraine since Russia first invaded in 2014 and

annexed the Crimean Peninsula. He suggested during a

hearing with top military officials last week that the U.S.

consider sending A-10 Thunderbolt II attack aircraft, known

as Warthogs, which the Air Force wants to retire.

“It’s going to be a long slog," Blumenthal said. "This is a

protracted war going to the east, but we need to be there for

the Ukrainians in the midst of this long slog."

The most critical element of supporting Ukraine’s offensive

is maintaining a consistent influx of munitions, Cancian

said. Even lighter weapons such as shoulder-fired, antiaircraft

Stingers missiles and anti-tank Javelins missiles can

be effective in a drawn-out fight, he said.

Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin told senators last week

that those weapons, as well as drones and communications

equipment, have proved “somewhat decisive” in Ukraine’s

stiff resistance. Ukraine continues to deny Russia air

superiority through tens of thousands of anti-aircraft systems

from the U.S., added Army Gen. Mark Milley, chairman of

the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

“The biggest thing is that they need this flow of supplies

and equipment to continue because that is what has allowed

them to maintain a continuous combat capability that's

defeated the Russians so far,” Cancian said.

Republican Sens. Joni Ernst of Iowa and Jim Inhofe of

Oklahoma said the U.S. should equip Ukraine with the

ability to trounce Russian forces, not just repel them. But they agree the speed of

heavy weapons delivery will be a major deciding factor in whether Ukraine can boot

Russia from its territory.

“President Zelenskyy, and all of the Ukrainians I’ve met with over the last month,

have said weapons are not being delivered fast enough particularly with their high

burn rate,” Ernst, a former Army officer, said in a statement. “The U.S. can deliver

more capability quicker, and Congress will continue to pressure this administration.”

Russia has warned that it will treat arms convoys from NATO countries to Ukraine as

“legitimate targets” for military action and deliveries of more sophisticated weapons

will not go unnoticed, Cancian said. The risk of Russia making good on its threat,

however, is not likely for now, he said.

“The Russians have their hands full,” Cancian said. “In terms of shipping equipment,

they seem to have accepted that, they really haven’t even struck the supply lines.”

Sens. Jacky Rosen, D-Nev., and Jeanne Shaheen, D-N.H., said they will work with

their Republican colleagues in the coming weeks to shore up Ukraine’s military

capabilities for a renewed Russian onslaught. Before leaving for spring recess last

week, the Senate passed a bipartisan bill to expedite U.S. arms transfers to Ukraine

through a World War II-style lend-lease program. The legislation has moved to the


“As the military situation in Ukraine evolves, so must our global response,” said

Shaheen, the bill's co-sponsor.

24 | MHCE - News www.mhce.us APRIL 2022 EDITION

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WWW.MHCE.US Monthly Newsletter | 25

New Air Force Leave Policy Allows up to

35 Days off for Infertility Treatments

Airmen and guardians struggling

to conceive are now afforded

extra time off to undergo fertility

treatments at a military hospital,

under a revised Air Force policy

adopted earlier this month.

Male and female service members

participating in a fertility treatment

program can take up to 35 days of

permissive temporary duty, which

can be divided into separate trips

if approved by a medical provider.

It’s the first time the Air Force has

authorized permissive TDY for

fertility treatment.

a service statement said. Members

of the team said the change is

significant for everyone dealing

with infertility.

“I have had several members

struggle with fertility issues and can

attest to the rippling effects it has

across the military,” said U.S. Space

Force Chief Master Sgt. Martha

Burkhead, the women’s team lead

for the initiative.

There six military medical centers

where service members may seek

infertility treatments are Tripler

Army Medical Center in Hawaii;

Walter Reed National Medical

Center, Bethesda, Md.; Womack

Army Medical Center, Fayetteville,

N.C.; San Antonio Military Medical

Center, Texas; Madigan Army

Medical Center, Tacoma, Wash.;

and Naval Medical Center San

Diego, Calif.

Other updates include permission

for commanders to authorize up

to 30 days of convalescent leave

for sexual assault victims to

receive support or allow time for

recovery. The authorization was

directed by the Pentagon following

an independent review of sexual

assault in the military.

Convalescent leave is a

nonchargeable absence typically

granted to help service members

return to duty after illness, injury or


Another change allows service

members within a year of retiring

to attend Defense Departmentsponsored

employment seminars

that aren’t available locally.

Creating a Culture

The benefit allows military

members to travel at no cost to

the government while conserving

earned leave days.

The Air Force’s women’s initiative

team championed the new policy,

of Caring

Offering master’s

and doctoral

degrees for

Registered Nurses




Specialties Offered:


Family Nurse Practitioner

Women’s Health Care NP

Psychiatric-Mental Health NP

Learn more at frontier.edu/military

26 | MHCE - News www.mhce.us APRIL 2022 EDITION






from the MHCE family to yours.


WWW.MHCE.US Monthly Newsletter | 27


contact Kyle.Stephens@mhce.us

28 | MHCE - News www.mhce.us APRIL 2022 EDITION

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