Builders Jamaica April-July 2022

Builders Jamaica is a B2B publication focused on the latest developments within the construction industry. The editorial will be distinct in the way it conveys information on architectural trends, interior and exterior décor, the latest building technologies and projects across Jamaica. Builders Jamaica is designed to be informative and educational. We will make it easy for the reader and consumer to choose from different products and services whenever planning, developing, or renovating.

Builders Jamaica is a B2B publication focused on the latest developments within the construction industry. The editorial will be distinct in the way it conveys information on architectural trends, interior and exterior décor, the latest building technologies and projects across Jamaica. Builders Jamaica is designed to be informative and educational. We will make it easy for the reader and consumer to choose from different products and services whenever planning, developing, or renovating.


You also want an ePaper? Increase the reach of your titles

YUMPU automatically turns print PDFs into web optimized ePapers that Google loves.

6 floorS of reSidenceS compriSing:<br />

40<br />

Studio<br />

Units<br />

20<br />

1 Bdrm<br />

Units<br />

18<br />

2 Bdrm<br />

Units<br />

Located in the cool climes of Mandeville, AVISTA at<br />

Bloomfield is the residential phase of Bloomfield Park,<br />

an iconic upscale mixed-use development that has<br />

been designed with the perfect balance of residential,<br />

commercial and entertainment properties for a lifestyle<br />

of convenience. AVISTA is currently under construction<br />

and scheduled for completion in December <strong>2022</strong>.<br />

Call us today and secure your interest now!<br />

To View the Floorplans and for Prices Visit or Call Us TodAy:<br />

provenreit.com/bloomfield / (876) 633-6964 or @provenreit

NHT's Note<br />

National Housing Trust<br />

Land loan from the NHT if you have a common law title or<br />

a combination of documents showing ownership, such as<br />

an agreement for sale, payment receipt(s), a deed of gift or<br />

conveyance or a diagram.<br />

In addition, if you have legal consent to use someone else’s<br />

registered title to secure your loan or legal consent to build<br />

on someone else’s house, then you may also access this loan.<br />

With a Build on Own Land loan, you get a moratorium of<br />

12 months before you commence making your payments<br />

and the NHT’s Project Officer will work with you to ensure<br />

your construction is going according to plan.<br />

Loans to Buy<br />

NHT offers two main options for contributors seeking to buy<br />

a house or land for residential purposes. You could make<br />

your purchase of a Serviced Lot or Scheme Unit in an NHT<br />

development or you may make a purchase on the open<br />

market from a private developer, an individual vendor, or<br />

through a real estate agent.<br />

Loans to Improve<br />

Joyce Simms-Wilson - General Manager,<br />

Corporate Communications & Marketing<br />

W<br />

hen I think of home, I think of a place where there<br />

is love overflowing.”<br />

The above quotation from the Broadway musical The Wiz<br />

is all too relatable to the vision of the National Housing<br />

Trust (NHT). For us, home is more than four walls and a<br />

roof. Home is legacy, security, peace of mind, and for<br />

some, even an investment.<br />

The NHT is committed to helping as many <strong>Jamaica</strong>ns as<br />

possible start the homeownership journey. Whether you<br />

wish to build, buy, or improve a house, the NHT has the<br />

loans and the facilities to help you achieve your goal.<br />

Loans to Build<br />

Building a house has its distinct advantages. It allows you<br />

to choose your own location, design according to your<br />

taste, and build at your own pace. Ideally, if you are a<br />

qualified NHT contributor who owns land with a registered<br />

title, you can access the Build on Own Land loan facility<br />

immediately. However, you can also access a Build on Own<br />

If you purchased a house independently of the NHT, if you<br />

accessed a loan from the NHT at least 15 years ago, or if you<br />

accessed a loan from the NHT at least 10 years ago, in the<br />

case of public sector workers, then you may qualify for an<br />

NHT loan to make improvements to your property.<br />

Special Facilities<br />

As part of our financing arrangements, the NHT offers<br />

special facilities that help to bridge the gap between the<br />

funds you have available to you and the purchase price of<br />

the house. These include our Contribution Refund Towards<br />

Deposit (CRTD) facility. Under this arrangement, your NHT<br />

contributions which are not yet due to be refunded can<br />

be used to offset some of the costs associated with your<br />

purchase or construction.<br />

Contributors who earn less than $15,000 weekly, may be<br />

eligible for an NHT Home Grant. This is a one-off sum that is<br />

added to your loan. There is also a grant for NHT mortgagors<br />

with disabilities or who have someone with a disability<br />

residing with them.<br />


EDITOR'S<br />

NOTE<br />

T<br />

he world of building and construction has long been a “boys’ club”<br />

that, for most of its existence, has actively discouraged or simply<br />

not welcomed the participation of women--at least not in the key<br />

technical roles. When they do defy tradition and enter these careers,<br />

many women face harassment, disrespect, intimidation, and even<br />

sabotage on the job simply because of their gender. The dismally<br />

low number of female engineers, contractors, architects, surveyors<br />

and other technical professionals helps to tell the tale, but thankfully,<br />

more women are pushing open the doors and helping to create<br />

a more inclusive industry.<br />

In this issue, <strong>Builders</strong> <strong>Jamaica</strong> magazine makes the case for attracting<br />

more women to the industry and supporting them as they come in.<br />

We examine some of the challenges they face when trying to enter<br />

and make their way up the ranks in construction-related careers as<br />

well as ways in which the huge gender gap can begin to be closed.<br />

We also highlight the stories of several groundbreaking women who<br />

have carved out successful careers and continue to soar to new heights.<br />

Castelle Barnes<br />

On the matter of new heights, we are excited to introduce The<br />

Rogers, an upcoming multi-level mixed-use complex that, upon<br />

completion in 2024, will stand proudly at 20 storeys, making it the<br />

tallest building in <strong>Jamaica</strong>. We’ve reported in previous issues on the<br />

zonal approvals that have cleared the way for more and higher multilevel<br />

developments in the Kingston Metropolitan Area (KMA). We can’t<br />

help but be excited as developers and contractors eagerly take up the<br />

opportunity to help change the face of the nation’s capital city and<br />

make it a more vibrant place to live and work.<br />

This is an exciting time for <strong>Jamaica</strong> as we gear up to celebrate our 60th<br />

anniversary of independence in August. I am looking forward to the<br />

opportunities that will open up as a result of this ongoing transformation<br />

that will not only benefit the KMA but spread out to other parts of the<br />

country.<br />

As always, thanks for your continued support and feedback. We love to<br />

hear from our readers, so please feel free to drop us a line at the email<br />

address below.<br />

Kind Regards,<br />

Castelle Barnes<br />

Editor-in-Chief<br />

<strong>Builders</strong> <strong>Jamaica</strong><br />

castelle@buildersjamaica.com<br />


OPH1208 Quartz<br />

0A111 Quartz<br />

Nacia Quartzite<br />

Dark or<br />

Light,<br />

The Choice Is Yours<br />

Shop Countertops<br />

OA8883 Quartz<br />

Moonlight Granite<br />

Titanium Granite<br />

Visit us at 84 Constant Spring Road, Kingston 10<br />

or online at


If you need to build it,<br />

plumb it, weld it, pave it<br />

or power it...<br />

Compressed Air<br />




Professional Tools<br />


876-969-6380<br />

60 Constant Spring Road, Kingston 10<br />


876-971-0020-1<br />

Lot 8, Catherine Hall<br />

www.nationalsupplyjm.com<br />

E:customerservice@nationalsupplyjm.com<br />

nationalsupplyjm nationalsupplyjm<br />


Ceramic Tiles<br />

Porcelain Tiles<br />

Porcelain Slabs<br />

Mosaic Tiles<br />

Luxury Vinyl Tiles<br />

& Natural Stone Tiles<br />

5 Red Hills Road, Kingston | Phone: (876) 929-5553<br />

w w w . c r e a t i v e b u i l d i n g f i n i s h e s . c o m


Attachments for Real Estate<br />

Professionals<br />

By Real Estate Board<br />

12<br />

In meeting the requirements for registration as a Real<br />

Estate Dealer, a person must possess the prescribed<br />

qualification, which would include going through the<br />

process of attachment. This is usually a period of one<br />

year and is intended to expose the prospective dealer<br />

(hereafter referred to as the applicant) to the operations<br />

of the business in a structured environment, much like<br />

an internship. Central to the attachment process is the<br />

individual to whom the applicant is attached. Outlined<br />

herein are some considerations and requirements for<br />

attachment as set out by the Real Estate Board.<br />

There have been a number of instances where a<br />

Report of Attachment submitted by an applicant for<br />

consideration by the Board has not met the standard<br />

required for approval. In examining the guidelines for<br />

Attachment and the role of the supervising dealer, the<br />

Board recognized the need to revamp the requirements<br />

for the supervising dealer to meet the standard to<br />

guide the attachment process. The Board should be<br />

in a position to hold such persons accountable, and at<br />

the same time, reasonably expect them to maintain an<br />

acceptable level of professionalism. To ensure this is the<br />

case, supervising dealers must be screened to determine<br />

or confirm their suitability to guide candidates in the<br />

profession.<br />

Ultimately, there is a desire on the part of the Board to<br />

reduce cases where: applicants are not aware of what<br />

is required of them, incomplete reports are submitted,<br />

and in the end, applicants fail to meet the necessary<br />

requirements for registration by the Board.


Among the areas of responsibility for supervising dealers<br />

are: coordinating the work of applicants to ensure<br />

efficient performance in the execution of their duties;<br />

reviewing the work of the applicants to ensure they meet<br />

stipulated guidelines for the specific area of practice<br />

being supervised; providing regular performance<br />

feedback to the applicant in relation to their progress<br />

during attachment; and developing a work plan for the<br />

applicants to meet their targets.<br />

In order to effectively manage these requirements,<br />

dealers must be able to prioritize and multitask<br />

effectively between the office operations and monitoring<br />

the applicant under their supervision. They should also<br />

be able to assess the applicant and provide a detailed<br />

report within the stipulated guidelines issued by the<br />

Board, including interim and final evaluations in a<br />

timely fashion. Most importantly, they should be able to<br />

provide the appropriate level of coaching/mentoring to<br />

the applicant.<br />

To this end, the dealer must possess strong managerial<br />

skills, excellent written and oral communication<br />

skills, excellent interpersonal skills, and the ability to<br />

exercise sound judgement and conviction of purpose<br />

in challenging situations. Office management is also<br />

a key component of this process and so the applicant<br />

would be expected to be exposed to record-keeping,<br />

accounting practices, and reporting requirements to<br />

statutory bodies. He or she must possess not only<br />

general technical skills and soft skills, but must possess<br />

the necessary knowledge of the real estate industry and<br />

the various pieces of legislation within which it operates.<br />

This also includes trends, policies, procedures, and best<br />

practices in the local real estate industry.<br />

Much of the academic qualification is tied to the general<br />

requirements to operate as a dealer. In addition,<br />

however, he or she must be actively engaged in a specific<br />

area of practice (e.g. rentals, leases, auctioneering) for<br />

which he or she is supervising, for a period of at least<br />

three years continuously.<br />

As a part of the vetting process, the dealer should be<br />

willing to submit to an interview by a panel determined<br />

by the Board of Directors, to become a supervisor.<br />

In this interview process, the panel must be satisfied<br />

that he or she is fit and proper to be a supervisor, and<br />

has the necessary core and technical competencies,<br />

working knowledge, and skill-set required to become a<br />

supervisor.<br />

Having successfully met the necessary standards,<br />

the dealer would be placed on an approved list of<br />

supervisors. However, this list is continuously reviewed<br />

to ensure the necessary standards are maintained to<br />

remain on the list. Consequently, any name can be<br />

removed at any time. It should be noted that supervisors<br />

may be approved for specific area(s) of practice, and not<br />

necessarily for all areas.<br />

Additional stipulations include the provision that no<br />

more than two applicants can be attached to a dealer<br />

for supervision unless otherwise approved by the Board,<br />

supervising dealers must not have any disciplinary<br />

actions taken by the Real Estate Board or any other<br />

professional body within the field of real estate, and<br />

supervising dealers must submit a monitoring and action<br />

plan for their applicant(s) for consideration by the Board.<br />

The entire attachment process must also be completed<br />

within a three-year period, after which the process<br />

becomes void.<br />

The attachment process cannot be taken lightly as it may<br />

be the applicant’s first foray into a real-world experience<br />

in the real estate industry, and may ultimately set the<br />

stage for how he or she will perform once registered.<br />

Real Estate Board<br />

www.reb.gov.jm<br />


lead story<br />

Women in<br />

Construction<br />

14<br />

A<br />

woman working in construction is a bit of a rare sight as<br />

traditionally, it is seen by many as ‘a man's work.’ This<br />

view is held by men and women alike. “As we build<br />

<strong>Jamaica</strong>, we have to change that as we cannot continue<br />

to overlook the economic potential of half of <strong>Jamaica</strong>’s<br />

population,” says Minister of Culture, Gender, Entertainment<br />

and Sport Olivia Grange. In other words, the old adage<br />

of construction being a man’s world is outdated and<br />

counterproductive. Fortunately, more women have begun<br />

working in the industry in recent years, so the perspective<br />

is shifting.<br />

Women in Construction by the Numbers<br />

A 2019 U.S. Bureau of Labour Statistics report revealed<br />

that of the total number of people employed to the<br />

industry, only 10.3 percent are women. Breaking down<br />

that number, we see that 28 percent are in sales and office<br />

positions; 44 percent are in professional management;<br />

one percent is in natural resource, construction and<br />

maintenance; 21.1 percent are in service occupations<br />

(including cleaning and maintenance jobs) and 5.9 percent<br />

are in production, transportation and material moving<br />

roles. The number is low now, but it’s expected that female<br />

participation will rise to 25 percent in the near future.<br />

However, in countries like <strong>Jamaica</strong>, the construction<br />

landscape includes even fewer women than our U.S<br />

counterpart. As of January 2020, the Statistical Institute of<br />

<strong>Jamaica</strong> (STATIN) recorded 3,900 women or approximately<br />

3.7 percent hired in the industry, which employs more<br />

than 107,200 persons. Similar to the U.S., the majority<br />

of women—approximately 50 percent—are employed<br />

in administrative and office positions, proving that their<br />

presence in the industry is still skewed toward more<br />

‘traditional’ roles. Several factors are said to contribute to this<br />

imbalance, including social/cultural biases, lack of adequate<br />

training and gears and overall perceptions of women<br />

working in a traditionally male-dominated field.<br />

Faced with these gender imbalances, the industry may<br />

be robbing itself of a diversified workforce at all levels.<br />

Much more than office and general maintenance duties,<br />

the rough and tumble aspects of construction can benefit<br />

from including more women. “I would love to see more<br />

women who are principals and partners in construction<br />

firms,” said a well-placed source from the Incorporated<br />

Masterbuilders Association of <strong>Jamaica</strong> (IMAJ). Besides<br />

doubling the talent pool, the presence of more women<br />

may also help improve company culture and performance.<br />

Working in the Construction Industry<br />

Admittedly, the industry has made some progress in<br />

attracting more women to its ranks—but don’t get too<br />

excited as this progress is yet to trickle down to women doing<br />

work on sites. Though they dominate in administrative and<br />

managerial positions, only a little more than two percent<br />

are in the field and even less occupy technical positions.<br />

Female engineers, architects, quantity surveyors, and<br />

company principals are still few and far between. In fact,<br />

this is reported to be where female participation is lowest.

A change in the status quo would create a more equitable<br />

and inclusive industry culture as well as the material benefits<br />

of adding women to the workforce.<br />

There is a general recognition of this need and U.S studies<br />

show that a substantial portion of female executives and<br />

construction managers have come into their roles within<br />

the last five years. This suggests that companies are starting<br />

to promote women to leadership roles and increasing their<br />

efforts to educate women about the benefits of working<br />

in the industry. With a 95.7 percent wage gap, compared<br />

to 81 percent in other industries, construction appears<br />

to be one of the most equitable workplaces for women<br />

statistically. The Joint Industrial Council (JIC) ensures the<br />

local organizations, including IMAJ, maintain similar wage<br />

standards. It’s reported that the JIC Labour Management<br />

Agreement, which was signed more than 50 years ago,<br />

states that systematic gender wage differences have no<br />

place in construction. A male and a female mason are to<br />

be paid equally based on merit and experience. Having<br />

a framework in place to fairly and accurately assess<br />

labour costs for construction projects creates a workplace<br />

that combines high-paying skilled labour positions with<br />

a low wage gap and offers lucrative opportunities for<br />

women who want to invest time in learning a trade.<br />

Facilitating Gender Equity in Construction<br />

Women have a lot to offer if recruited, trained, and<br />

accommodated adequately, and they can thrive across<br />

the full spectrum of the construction industry. With help<br />

navigating the industry, they can do so by:<br />

1. Doing research and apprenticeship training<br />

As mentioned, construction is dynamic and offers a range<br />

of career opportunities. Each area comes with its own<br />

skill and education requirements, so it’s best to acquire as<br />

much information and apprenticeship training as possible.<br />

This can be done through summer jobs and workshops.<br />

The Bustamante Industrial Trade Union currently hosts<br />

workshops to enhance the capacity of women in construction<br />

in <strong>Jamaica</strong>, including young women being trained in the<br />

construction, material and allied sectors.<br />

2. Joining women-focused groups<br />

The Women's Construction Collective (WCC) helps women<br />

find employment at trade level in the building industry<br />

and provides a mutual support group for ongoing training<br />

and job placement. Mentors are valuable assets who<br />

can offer professional connections and point women in<br />

the right direction.<br />

3. Contact Masterbuilders for information and resources<br />

As the voice of the local construction industry, IMAJ is<br />

the most qualified organization to source information and<br />

answer queries. Women are encouraged to confidently seek<br />

resources from these organizations to better prepare them<br />

for their roles.<br />



Building to New<br />

Heights<br />

The Kingston Metropolitan Area (KMA), particularly the Half Way Tree<br />

region, is taking a new shape these days, thanks to the recent increase in<br />

the number of high-rise buildings—residential, commercial, and mixeduse—being<br />

constructed. The area is already home to two 10-storey luxury<br />

apartment developments, 20 South and Parkhurst 1. A third, the 14-storey<br />

The Residences at Terra Nova, will join them soon. But there’s a new kid on<br />

the block that will soon tower above them all: The Rogers. Upon completion<br />

in early 2024, The Rogers will stand proudly at 20 storeys, making it the<br />

highest building in <strong>Jamaica</strong>. The site, located at 24 Waterloo Avenue, is<br />

currently abuzz with activity as construction moves full speed ahead.<br />

“There had been many talks over the past three to four years about<br />

constructing a 20-storey building but nobody had attempted to start one. We<br />

figured we'd be the first to start a project of this magnitude,” said Fritzwarien<br />

Ripton Rogers, managing director of Ripton Contracting Limited, the project’s<br />

developer. “Where <strong>Jamaica</strong> is going, I think we need more projects like these.<br />

Our previous multi-storey project at 10 Surbiton Road (seven storeys) was a<br />

great success, so we're only doing it on a bigger scale now.”<br />

The Rogers was designed with a clean, sleek contemporary tropical aesthetic<br />

in mind. The exterior features a facade that makes liberal use of glass to<br />

maximise the panoramic city views for residents of the 101 apartment units.<br />

The apartments will be a mixture of one- to three-bedroom units as well as<br />

four three-bedroom penthouses, each with balconies to take advantage of the<br />

expansive views. The one-bedroom units will range from 700–800 square feet;<br />

the two-bedroom units from 1,400–1,500 square feet; the three-bedroom units<br />

from 2,00–2,100 square feet and the penthouses will measure around 2,400<br />

square feet.<br />

The mixed-use complex also features two floors of lifestyle and entertainment<br />

space including a top-of-the-line gym, a luxurious spa, a bar, a pool, a lounging<br />

area, and a convenience store, as well as two storeys of underground parking<br />

and one at grade.<br />

The project’s contemporary tropical aesthetic is not only for form but for<br />

function as well. The design heavily incorporates cross ventilation and passive<br />

cooling measures. The inner atrium will span from the first floor all the way<br />

to the 20th floor, allowing air to move freely and acting as a natural cooling<br />

mechanism for the building. Another major aspect of the design is the use<br />

of vertical courtyards. These are indented spaces in the eastern face of the<br />

building that allow air to come in and actually cool the units on the western<br />

side. There are two vertical courtyards spanning six floors each. The design<br />

also incorporates solar panels on the roof that will help power the common<br />

areas and cut down on overall energy consumption.<br />




20<br />



Photos: Ripton Contracting JA Ltd<br />

Smart security systems will also be a major feature in the building, courtesy of leadingedge<br />

technology. These measures will include cameras at strategic locations, especially<br />

in the common areas; private security guards manning the lobby area and controlling<br />

access. Residents will only have access to the common areas and their respective floors<br />

courtesy of a smart keycard system. All visitors will have to be logged in, and they will<br />

have a separate parking area from the residents. Again, only residents will be able to<br />

access their designated parking zone.<br />

“We wanted to create an all-inclusive type of place that is accommodating and provides<br />

all the necessary amenities in one place. So the ninth floor where we have the gym, spa,<br />

and convenience store, it's all designed for the tower to be self-sufficient even though<br />

it's in close proximity to all the amenities around the location,” said Rogers.<br />

“Overall, we are looking at this project to be a benchmark for Ripton Contracting and<br />

every other developer. Kingston is a bit limited in terms of infrastructure, so people<br />

need to live closer to where they work. Having high-rise buildings such as this in major<br />

planning areas like Downtown, New Kingston, and Half Way Tree, can actually aid in<br />

Kingston becoming a more functional city where people wouldn't have to travel from<br />

outside,” he added. “It allows people to actually function better as travelling takes a<br />

toll. Creating more projects like these will help us to move from one phase to another in<br />

terms of the development of the city.”<br />


Industry news<br />

BSJ<br />

Concrete<br />

Standards<br />

Revised<br />

22<br />

Safety standards for building in <strong>Jamaica</strong> were<br />

strengthened significantly with the revision of two<br />

standards aimed at improving building materials for<br />

construction. The revised standards were launched recently<br />

by the Minister of Industry, Investment and Commerce,<br />

Senator the Hon. Aubyn Hill, who has responsibility for the<br />

regulatory agency, the Bureau of Standards <strong>Jamaica</strong> (BSJ).<br />

The standards, the JS 25 2011 <strong>Jamaica</strong>n Standard<br />

Specification for hollow concrete blocks and the JS 133<br />

2015 <strong>Jamaica</strong>n Standard Specification for ready-mixed<br />

concrete were launched on March 15, <strong>2022</strong>.<br />

The launch, which was themed ‘Building Solid Foundations<br />

with Standards,’ came against the backdrop of the Planning<br />

Institute of <strong>Jamaica</strong> (PIOJ) reporting a 6.4 percent increase<br />

in construction activities for the last quarter of 2021. At<br />

the same time, there was a corresponding increase of 16.4<br />

percent in the sale of construction inputs and building<br />

supplies.<br />

Speaking at the virtual launch ceremony, Hill noted that<br />

the growth in the construction sector is evident all across<br />

the island. Noting that the buildings will house families and<br />

persons conducting business, he stressed the importance<br />

of these facilities meeting the highest regulatory standards.<br />

“The health and safety of every individual who lives,<br />

works, or undertakes transactions in these spaces depend<br />

on whether the construction items and materials meet<br />

required specifications,” he said. “The standards for<br />

blocks, concrete, aggregates, and steel [therefore] form the<br />

foundation for everything else.”<br />

The minister explained that the guidelines upheld by<br />

the BSJ are extremely important in ensuring that items<br />

produced in the country can meet internationally agreed<br />

standards for export. He noted that standards are necessary<br />

at every level of the society, from the planning phase to<br />

implementation and post-production.<br />

Hill stressed the importance of stakeholders meeting the<br />

latest standards and not attempting to cut corners while<br />

making the ready-mixed concrete and hollow concrete<br />

blocks. He emphasized that the BSJ is available to guide<br />

businesses that need help ensuring that their products are<br />

up to the standards.<br />

He also commended the Bureau for its commitment to<br />

ensuring that <strong>Jamaica</strong> is up to par with standards all over<br />

the world. He said the BSJ continually scrutinizes standards<br />

globally and develops or reviews <strong>Jamaica</strong>’s guidelines to<br />

make sure they compare well.<br />

Minister Hill’s favourable remarks regarding the BSJ were<br />

welcomed by its executive director, Dr. Velton Gooden.<br />

Dr. Gooden said, “The BSJ is cognizant that the national<br />

focus is to build a more resilient <strong>Jamaica</strong>, especially as<br />

we navigate the aftermath of the devastating COVID-19<br />

pandemic. So, it is imperative that we play our role by<br />

implementing the standards and providing the technical<br />

support necessary to achieve this goal.”<br />

Dr. Gooden said the two revised standards were reviewed<br />

by the entity’s Building and Associated Materials Technical<br />

Committee. He added that the standards are essentially<br />

“concrete pillars” that will support the development<br />

and growth of construction locally. He said the support<br />

from the “pillars” will ensure both consumer safety and<br />

the production of high-quality building materials.<br />

The Bureau of Standards <strong>Jamaica</strong> is responsible for the<br />

development and implementation of standards for goods,<br />

services, processes (such as those for the building sector)<br />

and practices. The Bureau comprises several technical<br />

committees that consist of industry experts and specialists.<br />

The committees develop standards for health and safety,<br />

quality, security and performance.

Industry news<br />

43,172 Houses Over Next Four Years<br />

P<br />

rime Minister Andrew Holness has committed to<br />

building 70,000 new housing solutions across <strong>Jamaica</strong><br />

over the next five years. Approximately 43,172 of these<br />

houses will be constructed within the next four years.<br />

Holness made the commitment while speaking during<br />

his presentation of the <strong>2022</strong>/23 budget in the House of<br />

Representatives on March 17, <strong>2022</strong>. The commitment<br />

to housing is just one aspect of several ambitious plans<br />

the Prime Minister presented in the budget, which is<br />

themed ‘Building Our <strong>Jamaica</strong>: Sowing Seeds of peace,<br />

Opportunity and Prosperity.’.<br />

He explained that the 43,172 houses take into consideration<br />

developments that are currently in the completion phase,<br />

those under construction, and several that are not yet<br />

underway. He said some of the developments are in the<br />

negotiation stage, where budgeting, design, and other<br />

elements are being finalized.<br />

Holness further explained that the housing solutions are to<br />

be constructed by several different arms of government.<br />

The National Housing Trust (NHT), which falls within the<br />

Prime Minister’s portfolio, will be responsible for the<br />

construction of 30,280 units. Construction is already<br />

underway for 11,394 of these houses in 24 developments.<br />

The NHT website indicates that they have 3,797 units in<br />

Albion, Manchester that will be completed in September<br />

2024 and another 4,711 units in Barrett Hall, St James, set<br />

for completion in August 2025. The NHT also lists 825 units<br />

pending in Bernard Lodge, St. Catherine and 817 units<br />

pending in Bromley, St. Ann.<br />

During his budget presentation, the Prime Minister noted<br />

that the NHT has been steadily increasing its expenditure<br />

on housing over the past few years. He said the agency was<br />

projected to have spent $50.4 billion on houses in the past<br />

year. Holness noted that this was despite the completion of<br />

some projects being negatively impacted by the COVID-19<br />

pandemic.<br />

Meanwhile, the Housing Agency of <strong>Jamaica</strong> (HAJ) will<br />

contribute 5,443 housing units. Upcoming projects by<br />

the HAJ include the Luana 4 Phase 3 development in<br />

St. Elizabeth and the Hellshire View development in St.<br />

Catherine.<br />

Holness further noted that the Greater Bernard Lodge<br />

Development Project in St. Catherine will add 5,134 units to<br />

the housing stock, while 2,315 houses will be delivered to<br />

needy <strong>Jamaica</strong>ns through the Social Housing Programme.<br />

The Urban Development Corporation (UDC) is also<br />

expected to contribute to the goal of providing better<br />

access to housing. According to the Prime Minister,<br />

the UDC has identified land for building housing in the<br />

Caymanas region of St. Catherine. While the UDC project<br />

is still in the planning phase, Holness estimated that about<br />

1,000 houses will be completed under that project.<br />

Having outlined the plans, Holness assured that his<br />

government has concrete plans in place to achieve the<br />

target of constructing 70,000 houses by the end of fiscal<br />

year 2025/26. He referenced recently completed projects<br />

such as the Ruthven Towers in Kingston and St. Andrew<br />

and Twickenham Glades in St. Catherine as proof that the<br />

plans outlined are not just pipe dreams.<br />

The Prime Minister noted that not only will more houses<br />

be made available, they will also be more accessible. He<br />

explained that a major policy change at the NHT will make<br />

high-value properties more accessible to contributors. The<br />

new policy allows up to three contributors to pool their<br />

contributions and apply for units that are two bedrooms<br />

and larger.<br />


The Azure' as it is named, for the blue waters that one<br />

may experience from the breathtaking cliffside view is<br />

set to be one of St Ann's premium residences. The<br />

Development by KeFordCo Development Limited and<br />

Linear Construction and Development Limited boasts to<br />

be a thoroughly designed product that allows all owners<br />

to enjoy the aformentioned views to the Caribbean sea.<br />

"The plan was designed to have all the units be oriented<br />

towards the sea and to the hills of St Ann, so no owner<br />

feels left out of enjoying the views." Said Corey<br />

Robinson, Managing Director at StudiOH Core Limited.<br />

'We had to be creative in how we plan the project on<br />

the one acre piece of land. With Place-making as a<br />

driving theme throughout our projects, we tried to<br />

create social pockets between each block of units to<br />

allow for natural ventilation inside these spaces. What<br />

this created for us is the end user may have<br />

individualized amenties areas, in the event that<br />

someone may not want to relax in the more exposed<br />

amenties of the rooftop terrace or the cliffside<br />

clubhouse and infinity pool.' said Robinson, who is also a<br />

Director of the Development company.<br />

A R C H I T E C T S • P L A N N E R S • D E S I G N E R S



HR-13<br />

As one of the youngest firms in the island at the<br />

moment, StudiOH Core Limited has been making<br />

waves, as several of their projects have been in the<br />

limelight as of recent. Their Oceans Edge Country<br />

Club by Genesis Construction and their HR13 by<br />

KV Developers, are both slated to be completed in<br />

<strong>2022</strong>. Oceans Edge, consists of 16 luxury<br />

townhouses, being Constructed by Garco<br />

Construction Services. Situated on the North<br />

coast of St. Ann the construction is significantly<br />

advanced. HR13 is a 7 storey, mixed use<br />

development in New Kingston, with basement<br />

parking, six (6) floors of commercial space and one<br />

floor of penthouse residneces. in The Partnership<br />

of Corey Robinson, Owayne Hamilton (who are the<br />

founders of StudiOH Core Limited) and Richard<br />

Thompson boasts that their individual experiences<br />

and strengths complement each other in designing<br />

the projects. "We put emphasis on collaraborative<br />

thought. So with each project we go through<br />

design charettes with the entire team to<br />

brainstorm ideas." Said Hamilton, Director and<br />

Registered Architect of the firm.<br />



Architects 28<br />

Quantity Surveyors 34<br />

Construction & Contractors 36<br />

Engineers & Developers 42<br />

Interior Design 42


Mosaic Architect<br />

Ryan Battick, founder of Mosaic Architects,<br />

didn’t set out to start his own company. After<br />

all, it was November 2021—the COVID-19<br />

pandemic was showing no signs of abating, which<br />

meant business uncertainty was still very high. At<br />

the same time, he knew he wanted more out of his<br />

career, so he had left his previous job to take some<br />

time to weigh his options. He had several local<br />

and international opportunities on the table, each<br />



Photos: Mosaic Architect<br />

appealing in its own right. And then, within the span of one<br />

month, he was offered the opportunity to independently<br />

spearhead two projects. After careful consideration,<br />

he decided to take the leap into entrepreneurship.<br />

Though still in its infancy, Mosaic has already developed<br />

a reputation as the go-to firm for Caribbean luxury, a<br />

tropical contemporary design aesthetic that captures<br />

the relationship between a building and its specific<br />

environmental context. According to the company’s<br />

website, “Every site has its own character and fantastic<br />

architecture disappears into its context and allows the<br />

client to simply experience the moment.” That’s something<br />

Battick learned from a client early on in his career. “I was<br />

in a meeting with the client and he said, ‘I don't want my<br />

Ocho Rios house to feel like my Portland house.’ Most of<br />

us can't relate to having multiple homes in different parts of<br />

the country, but it was a very good representation of how<br />


30<br />



people feel about architecture in general and<br />

good architecture specifically,” he explained.<br />

Battick is keen to keep that kind of specificity<br />

in mind for each project he undertakes. Even<br />

though <strong>Jamaica</strong> is a tropical country, which<br />

means its architecture will share commonalities<br />

with that of Miami’s South Beach or places in<br />

Southeast Asia, the differences in each location’s<br />

environment, climate, and use for the property<br />

necessitate deliberate variations. For instance,<br />

“Southeast Asia has a lot of rain, so that may<br />

cause the pitch of their roofs to differ because<br />

the water has to run off quickly. You may see<br />

that in certain parts of Portland that get rain<br />

every day, but not in Ocho Rios,” he said. As it<br />

pertains to Mosaic’s design aesthetic, he added,<br />

“Every project has to fit within its <strong>Jamaica</strong>n<br />

context but it also has to be contemporary. It's<br />

that fine pitch between contemporary design<br />

and the local aesthetic.”<br />

The Mosaic design ethos also takes sustainability<br />

seriously. Careful thought is given to each<br />

design to limit the building process’s impact<br />

on the natural landscape. Battick believes<br />

designing with care for the natural site helps<br />

to facilitate a building that improves the user's<br />

mood, health, and quality of life. ...........<br />

Two of the projects that best exemplify Mosaic’s<br />

Caribbean luxury/tropical contemporary<br />

aesthetic are the Gap Cabin and the Negril<br />

Beach villas. The Gap Cabin is a striking, lowslung<br />

1,350 square feet private residence<br />

to be built in the lush Blue Mountains. From<br />

one angle, it appears to emerge from the<br />

surrounding foliage; from another, it blends right<br />

in. The design makes liberal use of wood, glass,<br />

and high ceilings, embodying the concept of<br />

bringing the outside in. “The Gap Cabin is one<br />

of my favourites because it was an exploration<br />

of what can be done in a small space. When<br />

clients say they're a bit over budget and ask<br />

how they can save some money, the first thing<br />

I always say is make it smaller,” said Battick,<br />

who believes the new luxury is not the size of<br />

a building, it's the quality of life it creates for its<br />

owners. “In <strong>Jamaica</strong>, we have this mindset that<br />

success is a seven-bedroom house over 5,000<br />

square feet, but if a home is designed well and<br />

uses high-quality materials, it can be done in a<br />

small space and you don't feel like you're losing<br />

anything.”<br />

Where the Gap Cabin is about blending in with<br />

nature for an intimate setting, the Negril Beach<br />

project is a luxury beachfront development on<br />

the famed 7-Mile Beach, featuring 12 villas,<br />

ranging from 3,000 to more than 5,000 square<br />

feet. Mosaic worked to not only preserve but<br />

enhance the natural context of the area in<br />

response to the owner’s request for a Negril<br />

vibe with a contemporary twist. To properly<br />

articulate the client’s vision, Battick examined<br />

the elements that create that Negril vibe, such<br />

as lots of wood for a rustic touch. Then he drew<br />

inspiration from iconic Negril properties such as<br />

Sandals and Couples Negril before applying the<br />

contemporary touch with stone and plenty of<br />

wide-open spaces and modern lighting to tie it<br />

all together.<br />

Designing with sustainability and future-proofing<br />

in mind, they also set the buildings back more<br />

than 100 feet from the water to encourage<br />

restoration of the beach and the mitigation of<br />

property damage from sea-level rise and storm<br />

surges. The buildings were also raised three feet<br />

from the ground to protect against floods and<br />

surges. Additionally, courtyards were included<br />

in the design to promote cross-ventilation,<br />

which reduces the need for air conditioning.<br />

Up next for the Mosaic team is a series of<br />

commercial buildings. One project, a mixeduse<br />

building in Kingston, will be made public<br />

soon. They will employ the same contextual<br />

approach, focusing on how each space can<br />

work for potential tenants and visitors alike.<br />

That includes considering the user’s experience<br />

from where they drive in and park, to keeping<br />

trees on the lot to add ambience to a courtyard<br />

where people can have lunch. “We're excited<br />

about the commercial projects because we<br />

want to show that the same attention to detail<br />

can create spaces for the public that people will<br />

really enjoy because of the views, connection<br />

to nature, good landscaping, lighting, material<br />

choice, and design of the flow,” said Battick.<br />

This ties into one of his goals for Mosaic: that<br />

people will see their work and immediately<br />

recognize it for its authentic marriage between<br />

contemporary design and the local context—<br />

local not only in terms of being <strong>Jamaica</strong>n,<br />

but being specific to each location. “I hope<br />

that when they look at a Mosaic project, they<br />

see a new <strong>Jamaica</strong>n excellence in design,”<br />

he said. “We're trying to push a high-end<br />

<strong>Jamaica</strong>n aesthetic that will stand up against<br />

the international standard of design and<br />

execution.”<br />


Quantity Surveyors &<br />

Construction Cost Consultants<br />

Claims Advice and<br />

Assessment<br />

Arbitration & Dispute<br />

Resolution Services<br />

Construction Audits &<br />

Contract Advisory<br />

Services<br />

Project Management & Loan Monitoring<br />

29 Charlton Avenue<br />

Kingston 8, <strong>Jamaica</strong><br />

Tel: (876) 633-5670/1<br />

Fax: (876) 633-5669<br />

www.cpmc.ltd<br />

cost • plan • manage


quAntity surveyors<br />


LOGAN<br />


Most girls and women don’t think<br />

of construction as a career option.<br />

However, for Shevene Logan, a career in<br />

construction is a dream come true. Although<br />

it is still a male-dominated field, the stars<br />

were perfectly aligned for her to pursue the<br />

career path. She successfully completed a<br />

Diploma in Quantity Surveying, a Bachelor of<br />

Science degree in Construction Engineering<br />

and Management, and a Master of Science<br />

degree in Construction Law and Arbitration.<br />

Logan’s illustrious career spans more than 25<br />

years and she shows no signs of slowing down<br />

any time soon. In her current capacity as Director<br />

of Operations at CPM Consultants Limited,<br />

she leads the next generation of quantity<br />

surveyors and arbitrators.<br />

We sat down with Logan, who is the<br />

immediate past president of the <strong>Jamaica</strong>n<br />

Institute of Quantity Surveyors, to learn<br />

about her experience in the field. We also<br />

wanted to get her take on how the field is<br />

progressing for women.<br />

What attracted you to construction?<br />

Logan: I was always a tomboy, therefore the<br />

female-dominated fields did not appeal to me.<br />

When I was a student at Clarendon College<br />

I immediately knew that Home Economics<br />

and similar subjects were not for me. I was<br />

thrilled when I was allowed to switch to<br />

Technical Drawing (laughs).<br />

Did the lack of women worry you at the<br />

start of your career?<br />

Logan: Not at all. I figured if there was<br />

34<br />

something I wanted to do then I would just do it regardless of who<br />

was doing it before. There were times when people pointed out, “But<br />

you’re a girl!” and I always responded, “Yes, I know!” I’m happy I<br />

didn’t allow them to deter me. The more they pointed it out, the more<br />

determined I became.<br />

Do you think it’s easier or more difficult for your female<br />

counterparts in developed countries?<br />

Logan: I don’t think they have it easier than we do in the Caribbean.<br />

Women all over the world have to work twice as hard to get the same<br />

level of respect and recognition. Women in the industry are fighting an<br />

uphill battle from the get-go regardless of where they are in the world.<br />

Were there instances where you were overlooked because<br />

you’re a woman?<br />

Logan: I’ve never been overlooked, however, there have been times<br />

when detractors tried to make me feel like being a woman was a<br />

hindrance. Some years ago, a particular former male colleague hurled<br />

an insult laced with sexism at me, simply because I managed a team<br />

of men. It was hurtful because the insult had nothing to do with my<br />

competence or qualifications. This incident revealed to me how some

quantity surveyors<br />

Logan: The first thing to remember is that ‘all’ looks<br />

different for everyone. Don’t use someone else as an<br />

example of what your “all” should be. Determine what<br />

that means for you and work towards it. Thankfully, I’ve<br />

been able to juggle family life and career because I’ve<br />

had a ‘village’ that supports me. As a family, we had to<br />

devise a plan that would allow me to thrive at work<br />

while giving my all to my children.<br />

When I wanted to do continuing education, my mother<br />

stepped in to help us with our children. I’ve also come<br />

to the realization that I’m not Superwoman, therefore, I<br />

willingly accepted help from other family members. My<br />

village was instrumental in helping me to achieve some of<br />

my goals. My village rocks!<br />

What piece of advice would you give to girls and<br />

young women who are interested in construction?<br />

Logan: You pursuing a field that is dominated by men<br />

doesn’t mean that you aren’t as knowledgeable as<br />

they are. You have a voice. Use it! Also, never think that<br />

anything is too hard for you. The world is your oyster.<br />

Are you hopeful for the future of women<br />

in construction?<br />

Logan: I’m very optimistic! In recent years, there has<br />

been an uptick in the number of women who are<br />

joining the field, whether it is on the build-out side or<br />

consultancy. It’s great to see more women becoming<br />

quantity surveyors, architects, structural engineers, etc.<br />

Many girls realize that they can consider fields that are<br />

dominated by men. The reverse is also true—more young<br />

men are considering careers that are female-dominated. I<br />

say kudos to them as well.<br />

Photos: Shevene Logan<br />

people viewed the idea of women supervising men in<br />

technical fields. That is unfortunate.<br />

Are you married? Do you have children?<br />

Women like Logan and the ones who preceded her are<br />

gradually breaking down the barriers in construction.<br />

Creating a path for gender equality in the construction<br />

industry is undoubtedly the best way forward. This<br />

ensures that employers have access to a complete and<br />

representative pool of talent to guarantee that the best<br />

candidate is selected for the job.<br />

Logan: Oh yes! I've been married since 1996 and we have<br />

two children. My son is 11 and my daughter is 23.<br />

Congratulations! You seem to “have it all.” What would<br />

you say to women who are wondering if they too can<br />

“have it all”?<br />



Carelene Davy-Bailey<br />

Strength Construction<br />

36<br />

Carelene Davy-Bailey has always had a love for design.<br />

At first, that love was channelled into the fashion<br />

industry—she even studied fashion design in London.<br />

She later started a business that paired fashion with<br />

another area of interest, interior design. She would<br />

eventually join her father, Carl Davy, in his business,<br />

Northover Construction. “From an earlier age, I realized<br />

I was gifted with the talent of designing and I wanted<br />

to be able to contribute to that aspect of building and<br />

design,” she said. “This drive is what inspired me to<br />

channel my passion into designing much bigger and<br />

better masterpieces that meet my clients' needs.”<br />

Davy-Bailey admitted that working with her father<br />

wasn’t always smooth sailing as her attempts to think<br />

outside of the box often butted up against his ‘old<br />

school’ ways, but they both learned a lot from each<br />

other over the years. When he retired and Northover<br />

eventually closed, Davy-Bailey took the opportunity to<br />

start her own company, Strength Construction Limited.<br />

Now almost 18 years later, the company’s name is<br />

synonymous with the strength of Bailey and her team<br />

of professionals as well as the quality of the work they<br />

produce to ensure each project is “built to last.” However,<br />

the name is actually inspired by Davy-Bailey’s faith.<br />

"I am a firm believer in God and as such, I believe that in<br />

every aspect of my life, he will guide me and be there to<br />

support me. The strength in the company name was taken<br />

from one of my favourite Bible verses, Philippians 4:13, 'I<br />

can do all things through Christ which strengthens me.'”<br />

Strength Construction is a “quiet” company in that it has<br />

never done advertisements and has almost no social media<br />

presence, which is practically unheard of in today’s hyperconnected<br />

digital age. However, Davy-Bailey and her<br />

various crews of workmen, totalling around 185 members,<br />

are constantly on the go thanks to referrals from satisfied<br />

clients. Davy-Bailey also does interior design projects<br />

for clients overseas. Their ability to offer a full suite of<br />

services, from architectural design to construction to<br />

finishes, is a key differentiator for Strength. “I found out<br />

that a lot of the construction companies don't offer a full<br />

package, so I saw the need for that. We also incorporate


the latest trends and technologies,” she said.<br />

“We work with our clients to understand their specific<br />

needs, their styles, and their requirements. We don’t<br />

have a particular style, we cover everything. Modern,<br />

contemporary, traditional, even mixed designs—<br />

if the client has a particular style, we work with it.<br />

We have a design aspect to the business but we<br />

also work along with other architects, so if the client<br />

already has an architect or already has a design,<br />

we're contracted to build. We cater to everybody.”<br />

The Strength Construction team has worked on<br />

numerous projects across <strong>Jamaica</strong>, touching 12<br />

of the 14 parishes. These projects include villas,<br />

private residences, and commercial projects such as<br />

the New Kingston Corporate Car Park, the Honda<br />

showroom and Ashley Furniture Homestore at<br />

Fairview Shopping Centre in Montego Bay, Cross<br />

Roads Shopping Centre, Royale Computers on South<br />

Avenue, and Kia Motors showroom in Montego Bay.<br />

Davy-Bailey and her team currently have multiple<br />

projects underway and several more in the pipeline,<br />

spread out across the island. On any given day, she<br />

is on the road from as early as 6:00 AM, checking in<br />

on projects, shopping with clients for materials and<br />

finishes, conferring with new clients, and more, routinely<br />

clocking 12-hour days. On the day of this interview,<br />

she had covered projects in St. Elizabeth, Mandeville,<br />

Clarendon, and Portmore, St. Catherine. The Sunshine<br />

City is home to a major three-building commercial<br />

project. One of the two completed buildings is<br />

home to ibex Global <strong>Jamaica</strong> and the company will<br />

also take ownership of the third upon completion.<br />

By anyone’s standards, Davy-Bailey has had a successful career.<br />

Potential clients sometimes express surprise upon realizing she<br />

is the head of the company, but she doesn’t believe that being<br />

a woman has held her back in any way. “It certainly feels good<br />

to see the outstanding progress made from all the hard work<br />

my team and I have put in. Being a female within this industry<br />

is not easy. However, I do not give in to the stereotypical<br />

narratives society may have as I have worked hard and proven<br />

that I have what it takes to be successful as long as God is with<br />

me,” she said. In fact, clients often comment on how calmly she<br />

runs the show on their sites when they come to walk through.<br />

Davy-Bailey’s approach with her team is part of her overarching<br />

vision for Strength Construction, which is to build people<br />

even as they work to build the various projects. This involves<br />

training and retooling labourers so that they’re equipped<br />

to start and register their own businesses and manage their<br />

own crews. Many of these now independent subcontractors<br />

come back to work on Strength Construction jobs as<br />

well as projects for other companies.<br />

The company also has a programme that brings in groups of<br />

young men from inner-city communities for apprenticeships<br />

on a monthly basis, where they receive the same kind of<br />

grooming towards starting their own businesses. Two past<br />

trainees in the programme now work for Strength Construction<br />

full-time. In addition to these initiatives, they also support<br />

three Manchester-based charitable organizations dedicated to<br />

uplifting young people. “The youth are very important to us,<br />

so we spend time with them and talk with them to find out<br />

what they want to do and where they want to be, then we<br />

support them and show them how to build themselves,” said<br />

Davy-Bailey. “We can't be building all these buildings and not<br />

building people as well.”<br />

Strength Construction is also renovating an apartment<br />

building in Mandeville as well as completing a<br />

21-bedroom bed and breakfast in Montego Bay. Next<br />

on the agenda, the team will be ‘going up’ with a<br />

10-storey commercial project in Half Way Tree and a<br />

seven-storey commercial building in Liguanea, followed<br />

by a six-storey project on Westminster Drive, and a<br />

few private homes in St. Andrew and St. Catherine.<br />



Photos: Proven REIT<br />

Aisha Campbell<br />

A Proven Passion for<br />

Engineering<br />

Engineering is probably not the first career choice that<br />

comes to mind for someone who describes herself as<br />

a creative, but it makes sense when that creativity is<br />

paired with a love for mathematics and the sciences. Such<br />

was the case for Aisha Campbell, CEO of PROVEN Real<br />

Estate Investment Trust (PROVEN REIT). Her love for math<br />

almost led her to study Actuarial Science, but she “didn’t<br />

want to sit behind a computer all day doing statistics.”<br />

Instead, she began studying Computer and Electrical<br />

Engineering at the University of the West Indies, St.<br />

Augustine in Trinidad and Tobago before finally finding the<br />

right fit with Civil Engineering.<br />

In addition to the required technical competency, “you<br />

have to be able to look at a piece of land or even an existing<br />

property and see the potential,” she said. “Engineering<br />

allowed me to utilize both the technical and creative sides<br />

and apply them in a very practical way. It's not just what<br />

you design on the computer, it's what translates into the<br />

real world. When you finish a building or development,<br />

it's something that stands there and it's really fulfilling to<br />

see your vision come to reality. It’s exciting!”<br />

Campbell has certainly worked on a number of landmark<br />

projects since completing her undergraduate studies<br />

and relocating to <strong>Jamaica</strong> in 2000. She began her career<br />

as a junior engineer with West Indies Home Contractors<br />

(WIHCON), where she would eventually spend the<br />



majority of her career. Her first project was the Hope Road<br />

expansion. A year later, she departed for graduate studies<br />

at the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta. Upon her<br />

return, she was welcomed back to WIHCON as a senior<br />

engineer and promoted to chief engineer a year later.<br />

Campbell would keep rising through the ranks over the<br />

course of her career at WIHCON until she became General<br />

Manager of the Real Estate Development Division in 2011.<br />

In this capacity, she helped spearhead the development of<br />

several large-scale housing communities across <strong>Jamaica</strong>.<br />

One of Campbell’s most memorable WIHCON projects<br />

is Jacaranda Homes, a 66-acre community consisting of<br />

townhouses and semi-detached family homes located in<br />

Innswood, St. Catherine. In addition to the residences, it<br />

boasts amenities such as a community centre, children’s<br />

play area, multipurpose courts, a football field and 24-<br />

hour security. “At the time, this development was able to<br />

meet a need in the market in terms of price point, design,<br />

amenities, and security. In particular, it was heartening to<br />

see so many young single females being able to make their<br />

first real estate investment in this community that checked<br />

all of the boxes for them,” she said.<br />

Campbell enjoyed a great run at WIHCON, but by 2018,<br />

she had begun to feel the need for a new challenge. “I was<br />

fully in my comfort zone and when I started to dig deeper,<br />

I realized I wasn't really growing and stretching the way I<br />

wanted to,” she said. Still, it was a difficult decision to make.<br />

“WIHCON was like my family. They are still my family. They<br />

invested a lot in me. Peter Melhado [WIHCON’s chairman]<br />

had us in leadership programmes because technical<br />

competence doesn't necessarily translate to leadership<br />

competence. I do credit WIHCON and the ICD Group for<br />

having invested in me to ensure that I was able to develop<br />

my leadership skills.”<br />

“If I see women with potential,<br />

either on-site or in the office, I seek<br />

to support and empower them. I<br />

believe there's space at the top of<br />

the game for all of us."<br />

That same year, PROVEN REIT came calling and Campbell<br />

said yes to the role of CEO. “Working with the entire<br />

team at PROVEN has been a very interesting, challenging,<br />

and rewarding journey so far. Everything that I wanted<br />

in terms of growth and stretching, I certainly got it,” she<br />

said. “We're doing a lot and pushing the boundaries, but I<br />

love it. There's not one moment that I'm fully comfortable,<br />

which lets me know I'm trying something different. From a<br />

career point of view, it was a solid decision.”<br />



40<br />

Campbell jumped right in and is currently seeing her first<br />

major project come to life in the form of VIA at Braemar,<br />

a 10-storey luxury apartment community complete with<br />

amenities such as a rooftop pool and sundeck, a fitness<br />

centre, and a jogging trail. “Engineering and construction<br />

for a high-rise apartment complex involves a different<br />

set of variables from what would apply in a single-family<br />

home community and it has indeed been a good learning<br />

experience,” she said. “What I do appreciate about<br />

PROVEN is that nothing is off the table. We're going to<br />

explore every option, we are going to get creative, and we<br />

never, ever settle for the ordinary.”<br />

The upcoming months will be busy for Campbell as she<br />

currently has 10 development projects on her plate. These<br />

include another high-rise complex, this time in Ocho Rios,<br />

as well as several villa developments. She’s especially<br />

keen on expanding the portfolio to do more acquisitions<br />

and development in other Caribbean countries such as<br />

Grand Cayman, where PROVEN currently has a townhouse<br />

development underway. “I'm a Caribbean girl—I was born<br />

in Barbados, grew up in Grenada, lived in St. Lucia, lived in<br />

<strong>Jamaica</strong> as a child, studied in Trinidad, and then came back<br />

to <strong>Jamaica</strong>. As much as we think we're so different, we're<br />

not. We're all inter-connected. That was one of the things<br />

that aligned for me at PROVEN because the whole team<br />

has a regional vision for the company,” she explained.<br />

Due to her upbringing, Campbell was often the new girl in<br />

class, learning to adapt to new cultures and environments.<br />

Those early lessons in adaptability helped set the<br />

foundation for her journey in engineering. Back in Trinidad,<br />

she was one of only a few women in her civil engineering<br />

programme and she’s still often one of a few women in<br />

the boardroom or on the worksite. Campbell shared that<br />

she has occasionally encountered some surprise when the<br />

workmen discover that she's the one in charge. “Going onsite<br />

and saying something to the workmen, they respond<br />

differently than if it were a man. However, I know what I<br />

want, I'm firm around what I want—you can't be a pushover<br />

in this industry at all—but I deal with everybody with<br />

respect and I've never had any issues with anybody on<br />

my projects. Nine times out of 10, they will respond in a<br />

positive way,” she said.<br />

Campbell is also cognizant of the biases that many women<br />

working in building and construction continue to face<br />

and the extra pressure that puts on the few women in the<br />

industry. “My personal experience has not played that out<br />

significantly, but the bias is there. It’s subtle. You always<br />

feel that you have to go that extra mile, be 10 times better<br />

than your peers to be in some of these positions,” she<br />

said. “Society is set up such that we're not always judged<br />

equally. Where men may get a pass, we're not necessarily<br />

going to get that. You slip, you slide.”<br />

Campbell ensures that she looks out for other women in<br />

the industry as much as possible. “Right now, our VIA at<br />

Braemar project has a female painting subcontractor. She<br />

and her crew painted basically the entire exterior of that<br />

building,” she said. “If I see women with potential, either<br />

on-site or in the office, I seek to support and empower<br />

them. I believe there's space at the top of the game for all<br />

of us. My philosophy is, bring others up with you.”

S<br />

R E F I N E D L U<br />


29<br />

X U R Y L I V I N G<br />



Interior design<br />

Photos: Casa Tropikana<br />

46<br />

Karina<br />

Matalon<br />

Casa<br />

Tropikana<br />

At 10 years old, when many of her peers were rushing home to watch<br />

cartoons, Karina Matalon was happily tuning in to Food Network and<br />

HGTV, feeding the creative spark that would eventually lead her to<br />

become a food blogger (Karina’s Kitchen) and interior decorator in addition to<br />

her full-time career as an attorney. Matalon’s knack for decorating has always<br />

had friends asking her to update their spaces but she only considered it a<br />

hobby. However, her family moved earlier this year and seeing the reactions<br />

to how she decorated her new home, she decided to make the leap from<br />

hobbyist to professional with her own company, Casa Tropikana. The<br />

company, which also has a dedicated kids decor section called Little Tropik,<br />

officially launches in June.<br />

Matalon describes her personal style as modern coastal, which speaks to<br />

relaxed living and puts a contemporary spin on traditional elements of<br />

<strong>Jamaica</strong>n decor. It ‘brings the outside in’ by incorporating colour palettes<br />

and textures from our tropical environment such as crisp whites, shades of<br />

blues and greens, different types of woods, and textures like wicker and rattan<br />

furniture. “Things change over the years, so we can put a modern twist on<br />

what might have been popular 20 years ago and use those same textures and<br />

colours, but in a different design,” she explained. “Coastal decor is a trend

Interior design<br />


Interior design<br />

right now, but it's truly been something we've always had<br />

because we're a Caribbean island. It's not a trend for us.”<br />

Matalon still watches HGTV religiously and counts Christina<br />

on the Coast and Rock the Block among her favourite<br />

shows. She also has a long list of designers that she follows,<br />

including India Hicks, Amanda Lindroth, Thom Filicia, and<br />

Pure Salt Interiors, whose social media feeds are awash with<br />

their individual takes on coastal and/or modern decor styles.<br />

Many people have been inspired by her personal taste<br />

and just want to replicate it in their own homes, while<br />

others notice a particular trend and want to follow it, but<br />

Matalon encourages and assists her clients to identify<br />

their own styles. “From there, I can say I know the<br />

pieces that fit within that style and this is how we would<br />

curate them to fit the space you're looking to design,”<br />

she said. “Something new is always trending but I feel<br />

like home decorating is about what you like and not<br />

about what's popular. You can put a spin on things or<br />

use something that you already have or a style that you<br />

already like and bring it into <strong>2022</strong> and moving forward.”<br />

With Casa Tropikana in its infancy, Matalon is focused on<br />

core services in decor, furnishing, and home styling and<br />

organization. The goal is to achieve not just beauty, but<br />

function. “It's one thing to have a beautiful space but if it<br />

doesn't actually work for you or your family or whoever is<br />

using that space, it doesn't serve a purpose at the end of<br />

the day,” she said.<br />



In the heart of Barbican, stands the Hummingbird apartments.<br />

An exclusive luxury property curated by Puerto Anton<br />

Developers, the complex boasts state of the art amenities<br />

and a sleek and welcoming exterior made up of clean, simple<br />

lines, natural textures and neutral colours.<br />

shopping centres, nightclubs and tourist<br />

attractions such as the Bob Marley Museum.<br />

The apartments are thus great for full time living<br />

or as an investment property.<br />

Featuring eco-friendly materials and a contemporary style, the<br />

property stands ready to welcome new homeowners eager to<br />

add their own personal touches. The property features green<br />

spaces and spacious grounds, with high ceilings and ultra-tall<br />

windows that transfer the light and bright atmosphere of the<br />

property’s exterior to the interior. Each unit features a standalone<br />

balcony where homeowners can enjoy the beautiful<br />

Kingston weather.<br />

Whether you are a single entrepreneur or a young couple<br />

looking to start your future together, Hummingbird Apartments<br />

will provide the safety and security you desire while enveloping<br />

you in an intimate community of like-minded individuals. Its<br />

central location is also ideal, as it connects you to major city<br />

hotspots while keeping you from the hustle and bustle of the<br />

business district.<br />

www.puertoanton.com<br />

puertoantondev@gmail.com<br />

Tel: (876) 927-6002<br />

The development is just a stone’s throw away from major




Doors & Windows 54<br />

Kitchen 56<br />

Bathrooms 60<br />

Roofing & Cladding 64<br />

Lighting 66<br />

Safety & Security 70


Solar Powered Glass<br />

The future of windows<br />

54<br />

Solar-powered or photovoltaic glass is the next big thing<br />

in solar energy. With a design that requires less space<br />

for mounting, it is expected to be a game-changer in<br />

the industry. The technology features transparent panels<br />

that can generate electricity from windows, sunroofs, or<br />

even a smartphone, basically turning a simple glass sheet<br />

into a PV cell. The design is credited to researchers from<br />

Michigan State University, with an origin date of 2014.<br />

How Does Solar Powered Glass Work?<br />

Because solar panels must trap photons (sunlight) and<br />

convert them into electrons (power), the idea of a clear solar<br />

glass was thought to be impossible, as clear glass would<br />

allow the sunlight to pass straight through. The technology<br />

in solar glass changes the way that the cells absorb light.<br />

The cells allow the portion of sunlight that’s visible to the<br />

naked eye to pass through, while harnessing the portion<br />

not visible to humans. The new technology is known<br />

as a transparent luminescent solar concentrator (TLSC).<br />

The TLSC technology is made up of organic compounds<br />

that absorb the invisible portion of the UV and infrared<br />

light wavelengths. The absorbed wavelength is directed<br />

towards the edge of the window, where it is converted into<br />

power by thin PV solar cell strips. While the solar powered<br />

glass has not been produced at an industrial level, it is<br />

estimated that it will have an efficiency of about 10 percent.<br />

Compared to regular panels, this is only half the efficiency,<br />

but given the scale with which transparent panels could be<br />

implemented, this could be groundbreaking.<br />

Types Of Solar Powered Glass<br />

Solar-powered glass comes in two main varieties: partial<br />

and fully transparent models.<br />

Partially transparent panels<br />

The partially transparent solar panel model was developed<br />

by a German manufacturer, Heliatek GMB. The model<br />

absorbs approximately 60 percent of the UV rays that<br />

pass through it. When compared to regular solar panels,


these do have a lower efficiency of about 7.2 percent.<br />

They work best in locations that require some shading<br />

or tinting in their windows.<br />

Fully transparent panels<br />

This breakthrough design was piloted by Michigan State<br />

University. As referenced earlier, they resemble regular<br />

glass and are about half as efficient as traditional solar<br />

panels. This doesn’t mean they are overall less efficient,<br />

it just means that a greater surface area produces<br />

about the same amount of energy. Given the fact that<br />

most multi-storey homes have more windows than roof<br />

space, these transparent panels could be revolutionary<br />

for generating electricity.<br />

Benefits Of Solar Powered Glass<br />

There are many benefits to using solar powered glass<br />

compared to regular panels. They include the following:<br />

- Greater Efficiency<br />

Solar powered glass cells are so thin that they can<br />

generate power with as little as 10 percent sunshine. This<br />

allows them to generate energy at high levels all year<br />

round without being affected by changing seasons or<br />

shadowing.<br />

- More Flexible Installation<br />

Solar powered glass can be installed in more flexible<br />

locations than regular panels. The thin solar cells in the<br />

glass are also able to operate at high efficiency even when<br />

they are not positioned at the ideal angle to maximize<br />

sunlight. As a result, they can be installed vertically,<br />

horizontally or at an angle.<br />

- Cost Efficiency<br />

Solar glass is meant to replace traditional glass and has<br />

been designed to be comparable in price even with the<br />

additional benefit of being able to generate energy. While<br />

some solar powered glass will be a bit higher in price,<br />

given the multiple functions it provides, the tradeoff is<br />

well worth it. Installation costs are also comparable to<br />

those for standard windows, and with the eventual savings<br />

from the panels, they pay for themselves in as little as one<br />

year.<br />

- High heat tolerance<br />

Since solar glass panels are less impacted by high<br />

temperatures than traditional solar panels, they can<br />

produce electricity more consistently across a wider<br />

temperature range. They also do not require any<br />

additional ventilation to function at their best.<br />

- Durability<br />

Solar glass panels are sturdy and strong since they<br />

are designed to be integrated into the actual building<br />

structure. This makes them ideal for a variety of<br />

applications in both homes and commercial businesses.<br />

The Takeaway<br />

Solar powered glass panels are a sturdy investment for the<br />

future. With high-rise buildings increasing in number, and<br />

land (and roof) space decreasing, they are a pretty viable<br />

option for generating energy. While they are already<br />

being tested and utilized in commercial buildings, they<br />

can play a major role in domestic settings as well. Solar<br />

glass panels, installed in either a home or yard, can help<br />

create a considerable amount of free and sustainable<br />

energy for homes. Not only will this reduce the amount<br />

of electricity homeowners need to purchase from their<br />

suppliers, lowering their energy bills, it would also help in<br />

reducing the carbon footprint for your household.<br />



Modern Kitchen Cabinets<br />

for <strong>2022</strong><br />

The kitchen gets possibly more traffic than<br />

any other room in your home. Here you<br />

brew your favourite tea, pack lunches, make<br />

holiday eats and treats, whip up tasty meals,<br />

entertain guests, and do other activities.<br />

As the heart of the home, the kitchen will also<br />

be more susceptible to wear and tear, making<br />

it more deserving of a makeover when the<br />

time is right. One easy way to update it is to<br />

install a modern kitchen cabinet. Not only are<br />

modern kitchen cabinets beautiful, but they<br />

also enhance the functionality of the space.<br />

Not sure where to start? We’ve listed some<br />

modern styles below that you can share with<br />

your custom cabinet maker. Together, you can<br />

bring your vision of a modern kitchen cabinet<br />

to life.<br />

Go for Stainless Steel<br />

Nothing says sleek and modern like stainless<br />

steel. You can style your kitchen cabinets by<br />

outfitting them with stainless steel cabinet<br />

doors. This futuristic and elegant style<br />

features stainless steel fabrications that<br />

are resistant to scratches and fingerprints.<br />

Stainless steel kitchen cabinets are easy to<br />

clean, highly sanitary, and durable. Moreover,<br />

they are environmentally friendly, simple,<br />

moisture-resistant, and fire-proof.<br />

Layer on the Lacquer<br />

Lacquered kitchen cabinets are bright, shiny<br />

and rich in colour. To create this masterpiece,<br />

numerous coats of lacquer are applied, followed<br />

Photos: OPPEIN<br />





by polishing and waxing. If done<br />

properly, lacquer finishes can be<br />

durable and scratch-resistant.<br />

If you can’t get enough of the<br />

brilliance, you can consider the<br />

high-gloss shine lacquer cabinets.<br />

Not only are they sleek and<br />

elegant but they are more chipresistant,<br />

making them perfect for<br />

busy families with active children.<br />

58<br />

Add Some Colour<br />

Did you know that modern kitchens aren’t limited to white,<br />

black, or gray? That’s right—colours can be modern, too.<br />

Colour doesn’t have to be overpowering if you use it the<br />

right way. You may opt for a touch of colour on one or two<br />

upper cabinets, or get the whole thing in your favourite<br />

colour. Either way, it will make quite a statement!<br />

If you're worried that colourful cabinetry might date<br />

or dominate the scheme, choose neutral tones and<br />

then introduce colour with tiles, paint and decor items.<br />

White is Always a Classic<br />

Perhaps white is more your style. After all, it’s always en<br />

vogue. White kitchen cabinets are popular for a good<br />

reason, no matter the style of the home—they keep the<br />

kitchen looking clean.<br />

In addition, white kitchen cabinets can reflect natural<br />

and artificial light. This neutral colour will give you a<br />

brighter kitchen without adding extra light fixtures or<br />

another window. It can also give the illusion that your


kitchen is more spacious. Furthermore, white is versatile<br />

enough to work with numerous finishes such as paint, glossy<br />

lacquer, melamine, or veneer. No matter what your budget<br />

is, a clean, minimalistic, and modern white kitchen can be<br />

yours.<br />

Handleless is the Way to Go<br />

Styles such as the handleless kitchen cabinet<br />

reminds us that the future is indeed here. Handles<br />

are becoming a thing of the past, thanks to the<br />

handleless design that’s built for multi-tasking and ease.<br />

These push-open and close doors are available in a variety<br />

of finishes, from high-gloss white to textured woods and<br />

ceramics. The Metal Laminate Handless Kitchen Cabinet<br />

at Oppein Home, for example, is a flat laminate that has<br />

a metallic effect. It features a free-flowing and minimalistic<br />

theme that exudes sophistication, grandeur and flair.<br />

Slab is Fab<br />

For some, a modern kitchen must feature slab cabinet<br />

doors. Also known as flat-panel cabinets, this style<br />

adds a minimalistic vibe to your kitchen because it has<br />

no ornaments or bevels. It consists of a single, smooth<br />

piece of wood, plywood, or medium-density fibreboard.<br />

Moreover, you aren’t restricted when it comes to finishes,<br />

veneers, coloured lacquer, and natural wood tones. And<br />

despite their high-end look, flat-panel cabinets can be<br />

budget-friendly. There are excellent laminates—at a fraction<br />

of the cost—that look as good on flat-panel cabinets as<br />

wood or other expensive materials.<br />

Another bonus: they are easier to clean than other cabinets<br />

because they don’t have crevices that will trap dust and<br />

grease. And with those clean lines, they aren’t going<br />

out of style any time soon.<br />

Modern Cabinet Styles Add a Touch of Class to Your<br />

Kitchen<br />

Modern kitchen cabinets are a great way to add flair and<br />

pizzazz to your space. They can be everything from the<br />

sparkling gem of your home to a pleasantly simple and<br />

elegant backdrop. The best part is that they’re sturdy<br />

and built to last over time.<br />

Speak with your custom cabinet maker about any of these<br />

styles so that you can revive the heart of the home.<br />


athrooms<br />

Finishing<br />

with marble<br />

Few home renovations add a touch of luxury as much as marble<br />

finishes. While kitchens usually get a lot attention, you can use<br />

marble tiles to make your bathrooms shine too. When making that<br />

decision, though, there are a few factors you need to consider so you<br />

get the design and usage that you’re looking for.<br />

Using Marble On Bathroom Floors<br />

Marble tiles are actually considered a great option for bathroom floors<br />

because of their natural durability and waterproof properties. Bear in<br />

mind, though, that they are also fairly porous and will eventually absorb<br />

water if it’s not cleaned up quickly. If you know you won’t be able to<br />

clean up spills immediately, then it might not be the right choice for you.<br />

60<br />

Another factor to consider is that marble tiles can be a little slippery.<br />

To address that, think about using specific rugs or mats that will<br />

maintain some traction. Having some kind of coverage can also help<br />

with protecting the tiles from the wear and tear of traffic.

athrooms<br />

Using Marble Tiles In The Shower And On<br />

Countertops<br />

Shower and countertop tiles will differ from<br />

floor tiles in terms of their weight and thickness.<br />

That’s primarily because they need to adhere to<br />

a surface. Though the size might differ, it doesn’t<br />

mean that you won’t have a variety of design<br />

options. Since the shower and countertops are<br />

guaranteed to have more exposure to water than<br />

the floors, however, the experts recommend<br />

using a good sealant with the tiles. The sealant<br />

ensures that water won’t seep in as easily to stain<br />

the marble and rot the structures underneath.<br />

If you’re interested in using marble tiles on<br />

the shower floor, then it’s best to look into the<br />

textured kind that has anti-slip properties. As<br />

mentioned in the previous section, the tiles<br />

can be slippery. Using the specialized tile<br />

can take care of that issue while giving your<br />

shower floor a lovely rugged appearance.<br />

Tips For Choosing Marble Tiles<br />

Even before deciding on a design, you should let<br />

the salesperson know where you intend to use the<br />

marble tiles. Though they’re usually durable, the<br />

tiles can also be pretty high-maintenance. They<br />

tend to absorb stains easily and even regular<br />

bath soap can create etches in the surface.<br />

Additionally, If you’re thinking of renovating<br />

a bathroom that has a high level of traffic, the<br />

salesperson will likely have different suggestions<br />

than for areas that aren’t used as often.<br />

When it comes to designs, there are quite a<br />

few to choose from. Some persons will opt for<br />

the classic white as it has the added advantage<br />

of making a bathroom feel spacious. If you’re<br />

interested in darker options, then consider<br />

mixing it up so the room doesn’t feel cramped.<br />

For example, Breccia flooring tiles offer a variety<br />

of darker shades that add warmth to the room.<br />

An accent wall of dark-coloured bookmatched<br />

marble tiles can be a gorgeous focal point in<br />

your bathroom while everything else remains<br />

white. You don’t have to go fully white for<br />

countertops or showers either. Calacatta and<br />

Statuario marble tiles have strong-veined<br />

designs that incorporate contrasting shades of<br />

black, red, and gold into white-based patterns.<br />


athrooms<br />

How To Care For Your Marble Tiles<br />

Once your marble tiles have been installed, it’s important<br />

to care for them properly so your design lasts. When<br />

it comes to floors, you want to ensure that spills are<br />

cleaned up quickly. A soft clean cloth should be used to<br />

blot up the liquid. Marble floors should never be wiped<br />

as this creates unsightly streaks. Dust mops should be<br />

used to clean the floors regularly and if you’re going to<br />

vacuum, make sure to stick with the brush attachments.<br />

For countertops and shower tiles, you’ll need to rinse them<br />

off with water and dry them with a soft towel after each<br />

use. In the event that soap scum or a film develops anyway,<br />

it’s best to use a pH-neutral cleaner that’s safe for marble<br />

tiles. You should never use commercial cleaners, vinegar,<br />

bleach, or other harsh cleaners on these kinds of tiles.<br />

It’s also recommended that you re-apply sealant to the<br />

tiles every 3-4 years to protect the tiles from water.<br />

Finally, it helps to finalize your bathroom’s overall design<br />

with the marble tiles in mind. Proper drainage and good<br />

ventilation can be effective for keeping the room dry.<br />

Regardless of the marble design you choose for your<br />

bathroom, it’s certain to be stunning. Just be sure to pick<br />

the tiles that work best for your home and you. While it’s<br />

possible to install the tiles yourself, think carefully about<br />

what you can manage. It can be a very delicate process, so<br />

going with a professional might be the best bet. With the<br />

opportunity to create a standout bathroom, why not start<br />

looking at your options today?<br />


oofing & cladding<br />

Keeping Cool with Heat<br />

Reflective Paint<br />

64<br />

There’s no doubt that the <strong>Jamaica</strong>n heat can be a force<br />

to be reckoned with. To make things worse, recent data<br />

shows that it’s about to get even hotter. You may be<br />

wondering if there’s anything you can do to stay cool that<br />

doesn’t cause your electricity bill to skyrocket. Well, have you<br />

considered painting your house? If you’re trying to keep the<br />

temperatures down inside while the sun is blazing in all its<br />

glory, heat reflective paint is exactly what you’re looking for.<br />

What is Heat Reflective Paint?<br />

As the name suggests, heat reflective paint contains a special<br />

additive that allows it to reflect solar radiation. In other<br />

words, this kind of paint directs heat away from wherever<br />

it’s applied. To understand how this works to keep you cool,<br />

it helps to know how heat energy is usually transferred.<br />

Typically, the sun sends out solar radiation and this will<br />

be absorbed or reflected depending on where it hits.<br />

When it comes to your house, metal surfaces and darkcoloured<br />

areas are likely to absorb the most heat. If<br />

you use heat reflective paint on your house’s exterior,<br />

however, there is a significant reduction in how much solar<br />

radiation is absorbed. The end result is that the inside of<br />

your house is much cooler. How much cooler? Well, the<br />

actual number will differ from one product to the other,<br />

but some people have experienced at least a 10-degree<br />

difference. Of course, while living in a cooler house, you<br />

could also save up to 40 percent on your electricity bill.<br />

How To Choose The Right Paint For You<br />

Since you’re interested in this type of paint specifically<br />

for its reflection of heat, you need to understand how<br />

reflective capacity is measured. The Total Solar Reflectance<br />

(TSR) is a number between 0 and 100 percent that rates<br />

the paint’s ability to reflect solar energy back into the<br />

atmosphere. Infrared or Thermal Emittance (E) is a number<br />

between 0 and 1 and rates the paint’s ability to cool itself<br />

by releasing thermal radiation back into the atmosphere.<br />

Finally, Solar Reflectance Index (SRI) combines the paint’s<br />

TSR and E values (TSR x E). The SRI is scaled from 0<br />

(standard black) to 100 (standard white) and is often used<br />

by paint manufacturers as the primary measurement of the<br />

product's reflective capacity. Generally speaking, the higher<br />

these numbers are, the more reflective the paint will be.<br />

When choosing your reflective paint, be sure to consider<br />

where it will be used. For example, if you’re going to paint<br />

your roof, it’s a good idea to choose a paint that has both<br />

anti-corrosive and waterproofing properties. For your walls,<br />

paint that’s easy to clean with antifungal properties can also<br />

be beneficial. In the event you’re planning to apply the<br />

paint yourself, it’s best to let the supplier know as some heat

oofing & cladding<br />

reflective products are designed to be used by professionals.<br />

Some Other Benefits Of Heat Reflective Paint<br />

If you decide to tackle the painting, there are a few things<br />

to bear in mind. The paint can be easily applied with a<br />

brush, spray, or roller so you can use whichever medium<br />

you’re most comfortable with. It may be helpful to try a<br />

small area first to gauge how well the overall project will go.<br />

Before applying paint, make sure to clean the area thoroughly.<br />

All dirt, debris, and signs of mould must be removed. Once<br />

the area is dry, you can apply the first coat of paint. It’s<br />

recommended that you allow at least three to four hours to<br />

pass before applying the second coat. After you have applied<br />

the second coat, no water should be used on the surface for<br />

a minimum of two hours. Bear in mind that these are general<br />

tips and you should always ask your supplier if there are any<br />

special instructions for dealing with the paint you’ve chosen.<br />

Some Other Benefits Of Heat Reflective Paint<br />

few other benefits from using heat reflective<br />

paint. Firstly, it’s been shown that using the right<br />

product on your roof can greatly extend its shelf<br />

life. That’s because some heat reflective roof<br />

paints are also resistant to corrosion and protect<br />

against water damage, even with heavy rainfall.<br />

The result is that your roof can last even longer<br />

than you planned.<br />

The same is true for other parts of your home.<br />

By controlling the amount of heat that gets<br />

absorbed into the building, you can reduce<br />

what is known as thermal shock. Thermal<br />

shock can speed up the deterioration of your<br />

home, so keeping the heat out is a good idea.<br />

Finally, since heat reflective paint is an ecofriendly<br />

option for staying cool, you’ll cut down<br />

on the carbon dioxide emissions that you<br />

usually produce from using an air conditioning<br />

unit. That’s great news for the environment.<br />

With the summer months quickly approaching,<br />

it’s nice to know that you have an eco-friendly<br />

option for keeping cool. Using heat reflective<br />

paint on your house can significantly reduce the<br />

heat in your home and add to your comfort. If<br />

that wasn’t enough, using the paint offers some<br />

other attractive benefits too. Why not get started<br />

on this project today?<br />

As if keeping your house cool wasn’t enough, you can reap a<br />



Ways to illuminate<br />

your home in <strong>2022</strong><br />

Atisanal Light by Pilke<br />

Signature Collection<br />

L<br />

ighting is a key element of the design process. From the<br />

moment a house or commercial space is conceptualized,<br />

the creator begins to think about the ways in which the<br />

structure will be erected to allow the natural light to filter in.<br />

Where natural light falls short, light fixtures fill the gap. While<br />

seemingly not the centrepiece of most designs, lighting can<br />

take a house from basic to top-notch. Lighting is not just<br />

a necessity, it can be artistic, elevating a space. So, how<br />

do you select lighting for your home? It depends on the<br />

look and overall style that you are going for. Let’s explore<br />

some of the trends that are taking centre stage in <strong>2022</strong>.<br />

66<br />

Handmade Lights<br />

Artisanal lights are making a big comeback in <strong>2022</strong>. With the<br />

world on a more sustainable and eco-friendly wavelength,<br />

these pieces are all the rave. These pieces include detailed<br />

pendant lights that work well in the kitchen as they are not<br />

only visually appealing but practical. The Archiproducts<br />

catalogue has a unique selection of artisanal pendant lights<br />

including the Pilke Signature Handmade birch pendant lamp.


Marble & Metallic Floor Lamps<br />

While these can be discreet, floor lamps can be quite<br />

the statement pieces when used appropriately. Marble<br />

and metallic pieces are timeless and can be easily<br />

incorporated into an existing design scheme. They work<br />

well in both living and bedroom spaces. Some floor<br />

lamps are quite innovative, doubling as a table and floor<br />

lamp in a unique cutting edge design. The Delaney<br />

Marble Floor Lamp is one such innovative piece. This<br />

piece passes the test for merging style with functionality.<br />

Balance Floor Lamp<br />

By Sqaure Circle<br />

www.sqaurecircle.com<br />



Space Style Lamps<br />

Space-style table lamps are definitely not<br />

for the faint of heart! Bold and dramatic,<br />

they are all about making a statement. They<br />

are a fun way to add a bit of drama to an<br />

office desk or home office. A bedroom is<br />

also an option if you are looking to add a<br />

fun eclectic element to your space. Spacestyle<br />

table lamps come in a variety of shapes<br />

and colours. A gloss or lacquered finish is<br />

highly desirable in a space inspired lamp.<br />

Inconspicuous Lighting<br />

Dhala Rechargeable Lamp<br />

By Stellar Works<br />

www.stellarworks.com<br />

The ‘hidden in plain sight’ lighting<br />

technique is a trend that is here to stay.<br />

While the concept might seem fairly simple,<br />

not many designers can do it well enough<br />

to achieve the desired effect. Hidden<br />

lighting should be warm and embracing,<br />

instead of harsh and jarring. Inconspicuous<br />

lighting can be used anywhere in the<br />

household. In the bedroom, it can be<br />

used to highlight other design elements<br />

such as a stunning headboard. This type<br />

of lighting, especially in the bedroom,<br />

should be hard to spot or completely<br />

tucked away for a soft relaxing ambience.<br />

Multi-level Lighting<br />

Multi-level lighting is another pretty cool<br />

trend that is going to be all the rage in <strong>2022</strong>.<br />

This is a great way to create ambient light<br />

through the layering of multiple lights of<br />

different kinds. Multi-level lighting is ideal<br />

for the homeowner that's looking for a cozy,<br />

homey feel. They are great for open floor<br />

plans where several rooms or floors open to<br />

each other. An effective multi-level scheme<br />

has lights coming from various sources such<br />

as floor lamps, table lamps, sconces, ceiling<br />

lights, and chandeliers. The scheme uses<br />

both conspicuous and tucked away lighting<br />

that allow for a transition from bright and light<br />

to shaded, soft, and relaxing illumination.<br />



Functional Artistic Lights<br />

Functional artistic lights are the proverbial<br />

cherry on top when it comes to contemporary<br />

minimalistic styling. Functional art can replace<br />

traditional statement pieces such as paintings,<br />

sculptures, and other artistic decor. They can<br />

be centrepiece lights, lamps, or anything in<br />

between. Art deco lights can range from glitzy<br />

and glamourous to simple and understated.<br />

It all depends on the overall vibe that you<br />

are aiming for. Lighting Collective has many<br />

examples of functional wall lights that double<br />

as art for living and dining spaces.<br />

Weplight BELLA collection<br />

www.weplightshop.com<br />

Architectural Chandeliers<br />

Chandeliers will never go out of style. While<br />

trending designs and styles change every<br />

few years, chandeliers are always popular<br />

pieces. In <strong>2022</strong>, architectural type chandeliers<br />

will be all the rave. These new designs do<br />

away with the curves, twists, and symmetry<br />

that traditional chandeliers are known for.<br />

Architectural chandeliers are great for living,<br />

dining, and even bedrooms. They serve up<br />

contemporary glamour with their straight<br />

lines and sleek designs. This modern square<br />

LED chandelier makes quite the statement.<br />

The Takeaway<br />

Lighting trends in <strong>2022</strong> will be a mix of the old,<br />

the consistent and the new. Artisanal handmade<br />

lights are gonna be a major player, but so too<br />

are chandeliers and timeless metallic and<br />

marble pieces. For those who have a flair for<br />

the dramatic, space style lamps will be ‘go to’<br />

pieces.<br />

Royal Pearl Modern Square<br />

Led Chandelier<br />


safety & security<br />

Smart Locks<br />

What you should<br />

know<br />

A<br />

s technology continues to evolve, so too do aspects of<br />

our daily living and routine. For centuries, homeowners<br />

have employed various designs of the traditional lock<br />

and key to secure their homes. In recent times, innovation<br />

has given way to smart locks which is one aspect of<br />

the latest technology in home automation systems.<br />

Types of Smart Locks<br />

Smart locks come in many varieties and have a wide range of<br />

functions for either domestic or commercial purposes. One of<br />

the most common types of smart locks is the keypad model.<br />

These locks require a unique master code to open your door.<br />


safety & security<br />

In some versions, the lock can be set up with different<br />

passcodes for different people. Keypad locks can<br />

feature knobs, levers or a deadbolt and handle.<br />

Another type of smart lock is the WiFi connectivity<br />

model. As the name suggests, this smart lock<br />

connects to the internet and can be used in<br />

conjunction with other smart home devices such<br />

as Amazon Echo. These locks also tend to require<br />

the installation of phone applications that allow<br />

the user to control how they function. Oftentimes,<br />

these locks can be opened and closed remotely.<br />

A third model operates with Bluetooth and functions<br />

similarly to the WiFi model. This version allows the<br />

user to connect the smart lock to their phones<br />

instead of a smart home system. In some Bluetooth<br />

versions, there is a sensing feature that allows the<br />

lock to open once the authorized cell phone user is<br />

within a particular range.<br />

The latest smart lock models utilize biometric<br />

data. An example of this type of technology are<br />

locks that require users to scan their fingerprints to<br />

unlock. Prototypes have also been developed that<br />

scan an individual’s iris to grant them access. The<br />

iris-scan locks have not, however, been deployed<br />

widely, as most are still in the testing phase.<br />

Some smart locks are a combination of two of the<br />

features highlighted above, while some have three<br />

features combined .<br />

How Are Smart Locks Beneficial?<br />

One of the greatest pull factors for smart locks is<br />

how convenient they are. While it is quite easy to<br />

misplace your keys, most people rarely lose track of<br />

their cellphones and as such, it is easy to open your<br />

door remotely with them. A quick passcode also<br />

allows easier access for households with multiple<br />

people, compared to having to create physical keys<br />

for everyone in the household.<br />

Smart locks offer the added bonus of enhanced<br />

security. Compared to regular locks, smart locks are<br />

way more difficult to pry open or tamper with. In<br />

fact, many smart locks have the capability to alert<br />

the homeowner if an intruder tries to gain access.<br />

In addition to notifying homeowners of intruders,<br />

smart locks can keep track of who enters and exits<br />

the home. This is possible with models that require a<br />

unique identifier for each member of the household.<br />

Some models also allow one time access codes<br />

that can be used for visitors or service personnel.<br />

The final advantage of smart locks is that they can<br />

generally be installed on any type of door. Most are<br />

also easy to install and do not require professional<br />

assistance.<br />

What Are The Drawbacks Of Smart Locks?<br />

With any technology, there are disadvantages. One<br />

disadvantage of smart locks is that they depend on<br />

electricity or some other form of power to operate.<br />

In the event of a blackout, you might be forced to<br />

return to a traditional lock and key to open your<br />

door.<br />

Another fear with smart locks, especially those linked<br />

to WiFi is that they are susceptible to being hacked.<br />

Since they utilize software and apps, some smart<br />

locks can be exposed to unauthorized access by<br />

hackers. While they reduce the risk of lock picking,<br />

hackers can bypass the system and get access to<br />

your property. To gain access to your network, they<br />

can target weak digital security protocols on the<br />

lock system, placing homeowners at risk. As such,<br />

it is important to select a smart lock that has a high<br />

security rating and a good encryption system in<br />

place.<br />

The Takeaway<br />

As developers work to create more accessible and<br />

modern homes, the use of smart locks will become<br />

more commonplace. With automation being used<br />

in other aspects of home developments, smart<br />

locks integrate well to provide a modern home<br />

experience. Compared to traditional locks, these<br />

require an initial investment that might be offputting<br />

to some homeowners or business operators.<br />

This investment is however worth it, as smart locks<br />

are not only more convenient, but enhance the<br />

safety and security of your property. They can aid in<br />

monitoring your property and eliminate the hassle<br />

of having to remember where your keys are all the<br />

time. The key to getting the most out of your smart<br />

lock is proper research so you can select the lock<br />

that best matches your needs.<br />



Cement & Concrete 74

cement & concrete<br />

Concrete - A Flooring Alternative<br />

74<br />

Concrete has long been regarded as the go-to when it<br />

comes to construction, driveways, and roadways but<br />

what about flooring? Don’t discard the idea quite so<br />

quickly! You might be surprised by the beautiful and intricate<br />

designs you can enjoy with concrete. Let’s take a look at<br />

your options if you use concrete as an alternative to other<br />

flooring materials.<br />

The Best Areas For Concrete Flooring<br />

There aren’t many limitations on where you can use concrete<br />

flooring in your home but there are some areas that are<br />

great choices because of what they require. Your basement,<br />

kitchen, bathroom, garage, entryway, foyer, and mudroom<br />

are most likely to benefit from this type of flooring. That’s<br />

because these areas need to be able to withstand heavy<br />

foot traffic, dirt or debris, water exposure, and other spills.<br />

Concrete works well in these spaces because of its durability<br />

and water-resistant properties. It makes clean-up fairly<br />

easy and it doesn’t take much to keep the areas looking<br />

neat. Using concrete in the basement and other places<br />

that might be subjected to flooding or ground moisture<br />

is also an excellent way to avoid mould or mildew growth.<br />

Of course, residential homes aren’t the only place that<br />

can use concrete flooring. Commercial properties like<br />

restaurants, schools, retail stores, and offices can use this<br />

type of flooring effectively. In addition to being durable<br />

and easy to clean, these floors can be designed to fit<br />

the company’s aesthetic while meeting the necessary<br />

requirements of your industry. For example, highperformance<br />

finishes can be used to protect the floor from<br />

vehicular traffic as well as ensure that it’s slip-resistant.<br />

How To Get The Designs You’re Looking For<br />

When it comes to designing your concrete floor, there<br />

are a lot of choices. The first thing you can look at is the<br />

colour you want. Concrete can be coloured by including<br />

dyes in the mixture before installation or by applying stains,<br />

dyes, coatings, or sealers to the surface after installation.

cement & concrete<br />

Photo: Two Palms Decorative Concrete<br />

Photo: Two Palms Decorative Concrete<br />

Depending on the area, some persons stick to grey or earth<br />

tones but you can actually have a variety of colours ranging from<br />

tan to bright red. If you want to match certain features in the<br />

room, that can be done too.<br />

Alternatively, stains can be used to give your concrete floor a<br />

similar appearance to other materials such as marble, stone,<br />

brick, or wood. Both acid and water-based stains can give longlasting<br />

coverage but the former tend to be less transparent. If<br />

you’re looking for a range of colour options, however, waterbased<br />

stains are the way to go. Another design possibility is<br />

the creation of polished concrete. To achieve varying degrees<br />

of sheen, heavy-duty machinery is used to sand down the floor.<br />

The colour isn’t the only thing you can customize with concrete.<br />

Through the use of different techniques, stamps, or skins, you<br />

can add texture and designs to your floor. That includes features<br />

that give a similar appearance to wood, brick, or stone, as well as<br />

company logos if you’re dealing with a commercial building.<br />

Tips For Maintaining and Cleaning Concrete Floors<br />

Concrete floors can last for decades but that doesn’t mean it<br />

doesn’t need to be maintained. It’s best to ask your contractor<br />

for advice about a schedule as this will be determined by the<br />

Photo: Vera Floor Systems<br />


cement & concrete<br />

Photo: Two Palms Decorative Concrete<br />

76<br />

location you’ve chosen and how much traffic it will endure.<br />

Sealers and waxes are an integral part of your maintenance<br />

routine. While an appropriate sealer must be applied when<br />

the floor is newly installed, it needs to be re-applied to<br />

ensure that the concrete remains water-resistant and stainproof.<br />

If there’s a lot of foot traffic, applying concrete floor<br />

wax occasionally can help to protect the floor’s integrity.<br />

Polished floors, in particular, will need to be buffed again<br />

to regain sheen.<br />

Cleaning concrete floors is typically simple. You can use<br />

a dry dust mop to remove debris regularly. For a deeper<br />

clean, choose pH-neutral cleaners that are designed<br />

specifically for concrete flooring. These cleaners will<br />

not only remove dirt and grime, but they also leave<br />

a dirt-resistant film behind to make upkeep easier.<br />

When spills occur, clean them up quickly to reduce the<br />

likelihood of stains. If your floor becomes stained or<br />

slightly cracked, talk to a professional about applying<br />

overlay or microtopping. These are designs that are<br />

meant to match the current flooring while covering<br />

imperfections.<br />

Pros And Cons Of Using Concrete<br />

On the plus side, concrete is relatively easy to maintain as<br />

long as it’s professionally installed and sealed. It also lasts<br />

for decades while successfully remaining water-resistant and<br />

stain-proof. If you have pets or allergies, then concrete is a<br />

good option for you as it’s been shown to be pet-friendly,<br />

have low volatile organic compounds (VOC) content, and<br />

reduce allergens in the home. Additionally, you can get<br />

a wide range of designs when you use concrete for your<br />

flooring. The budget-friendly alternative doesn’t have a set<br />

price point, either. The final cost will be determined by the<br />

final design you choose.<br />

The list of cons is smaller but may help you decide where<br />

you use this type of flooring. Though it’s long-lasting,<br />

concrete can develop cracks over time and will need to be<br />

re-sealed periodically. If it’s damaged, the flooring can be<br />

difficult to patch or repair depending on the design you’ve<br />

chosen. The nature of the material also means that it can<br />

become slippery when wet and can be chilly. However,<br />

to deal with the cold floors, people often opt for rugs or<br />

carpets. Where the budget allows, you can also think about<br />

radiant heating. This type of heating entails installing tubes<br />

that circulate hot water or electrical heating elements when<br />

the concrete is being poured so you’ll have heated floors.<br />

While concrete might not be the first material persons<br />

think about when planning their flooring, this is starting to<br />

change. Given the beautiful design options and possible<br />

areas where it can be used, it’s a good idea to consider all<br />

of concrete’s uses when making construction or renovation<br />



Ground Engineering 78


South Coast Highway Project<br />

Challenges and Opportunities for the Local Contractors and Engineers<br />

Building one leg of the South Coast Highway<br />

Improvement Project (SCHIP) has had its challenges<br />

and opportunities. In recent years, most major highway<br />

projects in <strong>Jamaica</strong> have been built by overseas contractors,<br />

but the ongoing construction of the leg from Kingston to St.<br />

Thomas took a different turn. While China Harbour (CHEC)<br />

remains the main contractor to the government, this leg was<br />

divided into individual packages for local subcontractors<br />

to execute. There are interesting takeaways from the<br />

experience thus far, from the point of view of managing<br />

one package and interacting with other subcontractors.<br />

The subcontract articulates very well the make-up of the<br />

subcontractor’s management team and the required<br />

levels of qualification and years of experience. Although<br />

not unusual for large contracts of this nature, this is<br />

often a missing requirement for many major government<br />

projects. Effective management can be difficult without<br />

the right number of capable individuals and without the<br />

right technical qualifications and experience. Reading the<br />

drawings is but a small portion of executing a construction<br />

contract of this nature. What do the specifications say<br />

about material testing, scheduling, and measurement?<br />

What does the contract say about progress reporting and<br />

payments? How does a subcontractor align the myriad<br />

contract requirements with execution on the ground to<br />

stay on track, profitable, and cash flow positive? How do<br />

you quickly understand how a change in scope will impact<br />

your cost, schedule, and profitability so you can claim (bill)<br />

appropriately and on time? Project management of this<br />

nature requires a qualified team of professional engineers,<br />

quantity surveyors, surveyors, construction managers and<br />

supervisors who are on the ground and engaged with<br />

the project on a full-time basis. This subcontract’s specific<br />

requirement of a qualified team of managers, including a<br />

technical manager who must be an experienced professional<br />

engineer, should be consistent through all levels of civil<br />

contracts for major works. Further, “management” should<br />

be more than a budget item that needs to be accounted for<br />

in “preliminaries.” It deserves its own line item in the bill of<br />

quantities so that contractors can budget for these resources.<br />

Building a highway on a narrow thoroughfare on which<br />

the public must continue to drive during construction is an<br />

adventurous undertaking. Hustling taxis, trucks loaded with<br />

aggregates, digging the water pipe trench, excavating the<br />



Photos: Jamel Banton<br />

hillside, and building a retaining wall are all happening in<br />

the same space. With the possibility of an accident always<br />

looming, safety must be the number one priority. This is one of<br />

the biggest challenges of a roadway project and its impact on<br />

the project schedule is often not given the priority it deserves<br />

at the early stage of planning and pricing. In addition to the<br />

risks posed to the workers on the ground and the general<br />

public, poor traffic management planning significantly and<br />

negatively impacts workflow, project schedule, and costs.<br />

In an ideal world, utilities such as electricity poles, existing<br />

water lines, and telecommunication lines would have<br />

been removed before the construction team started to<br />

build the road. In addition, properties along the new<br />

road right-of-way should have been acquired so that the<br />

sub-contractor would have free and clear access. This is<br />

not the ideal world. Playing hopscotch to avoid utilities<br />

“to be removed” and properties “to be acquired” is<br />

par for the course. This is the reality of the situation and<br />

while this constraint was declared in the contract, the<br />

true cost of these delays in a complex schedule is higher<br />

than just additional preliminaries for extension of time.<br />

again pointing to the need for a robust management team.<br />

With varying levels of success in progress so far, only<br />

time will tell how successful this model will be deemed<br />

to have been. It is good to see the use of local labourers,<br />

skilled tradesmen, supervisors, surveyors and engineers.<br />

CHEC, for example, shows a strong and capable suite of<br />

local managers who have been working closely with the<br />

subcontractors. Stanley <strong>Jamaica</strong> Ltd (SJE) the designers and<br />

engineers also boast a strong local team that is capable,<br />

competent, and collaborative. However, as with all things<br />

tried, there will be many opportunities for improvement. No<br />

doubt some local subcontractors will rise while others will<br />

need firm guidance to make it to the end of the road. Maybe<br />

this will be an opportunity to start a performance review<br />

program that grades local contractors which influences their<br />

eligibility to tender on future jobs. Come what may, it was<br />

about time local contractors got to drive these major roads.<br />

They say cash is king and indeed it is. With small, labourintensive<br />

works such as culverts and walls having to be<br />

completed first, initial cash inflow can be scarce at the<br />

start. Juggling between works to advance the project and<br />

those that will strengthen cash flow is a constant balancing<br />

act. The need for a strong management team upfront can<br />

therefore be a burden at startup if not appropriately covered<br />

as a preliminary item. No wonder a number of the packages<br />

have had challenges maintaining their management teams.<br />

The design of the project is a work in progress. As physical<br />

or social constraints arise, the engineers are required to<br />

revise the drawings leading to revised scope, sometimes<br />

significant. These revisions can have a domino effect on the<br />

project schedule. If, for example, the excavated material<br />

that was intended to be used as fill is found to be unsuitable<br />

after testing, there is now a considerable increase in the<br />

required amount of imported fill. Yes, there is a line item for<br />

that, but what is the real impact on schedule and cash flow?<br />

While not an unusual situation in civil works, it certainly<br />

adds to the many activities that require reactive planning,<br />

Jamel Banton is the MD of Smith Warner International who<br />

is Managing the construction of Package 3 for S&G Road<br />

Surfacing Ltd and PaveCon Ltd.<br />


The best partner<br />

for your project.<br />

Enjoy great benefits plus free<br />

products to support your<br />

project when you build with<br />

Tile City & Home Centre.<br />

Find out more:<br />


Hooray! Your file is uploaded and ready to be published.

Saved successfully!

Ooh no, something went wrong!