Automotiv Exports July 2022

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Monthly automotive aftermarket magazine




İstmag Magazin Gazetecilik

İç ve Dış Ticaret Ltd. Şti.

Managing Editor (Responsible)

Mehmet Söztutan



Ali Erdem



Mehmet Soztutan, Editor-in-Chief


Advertising Managers

Adem Saçın

+90 505 577 36 42


Enes Karadayı


International Marketing Coordinator

Ayca Sarioglu



Yusuf Okçu


Finance Manager

Cuma Karaman


Digital Assets Manager

Emre Yener


Technical Manager

Tayfun Aydın


Design & Graphics

Sami aktaş



Yusuf Demirkazık



İsmail Özçelik



İstmag Magazin Gazetecilik

İç ve Dış Ticaret Ltd. Şti.

Ihlas Media Center

Merkez Mah. 29 Ekim Caddesi No: 11B / 21

Yenibosna Bahcelievler, Istanbul / TURKEY

Tel: +90 212 454 22 22

www.img.com.tr sales@img.com.tr


Metin Demir

Hazım Uluşahin İş Merkezi C Blok

Kat: 6 No: 603-604-605 KONYA

Tel: (90.332)238 10 71 Fax: (90.332)238 01 74



Merkez Mahallesi 29 Ekim Caddesi İhlas Plaza

No:11 A/41 Yenibosna–Bahçelievler/ İSTANBUL

Tel: 0212 454 30 00


Innovative and competitive…

Turkey’s automotive production and exports recorded a strong rebound this year, data

showed, following a drop due to the coronavirus pandemic.

As noted earlier in this column, the exports by Turkish automotive sector have reached

remarkable figures in the last decade. The automotive industry has been active since the

early seventies. Since the full integration to the European Customs Union in 1994, Turkey has

become a major production platform for global automotive manufacturers.

The industry with its large capacity, wide variety of production and high standards, supports

automotive industry production and the vehicles in Turkey and also has ample potential for

additional exports.

The leading foreign automotive parts manufacturers have established their presence in the

country through joint-ventures. There has also been substantial locally-owned investments by

spare parts manufacturers.

As for the Turkish automotive industry, we can say that:

- Quality of production improved dramatically, especially through the establishment of quality

management systems.

- The industry has adapted to the EU regulations and has established an efficient and

exemplary cooperation with public institutions in the transformation of the EU regulations to

national regulations.

- Exports have risen sharply, and Turkish production has been integrated into manufacturers’

global planning.

-The export potential of the automotive parts sector, coupled with the presence of major

international automotive manufacturers, has attracted an increasing number of foreign


Key factors which attract foreign capital inflows to Turkey mainly include the market size,

consumer composition, friendly investment legislation and banking system together

with other attractiveness arising from highly skilled human resources in production and

management, the unsaturated domestic market with high potential, easy access to

neighboring (regional) emerging markets, and low labor cost.

The industry exhibit its full potential in major specialized fairs both at home and abroad. This

month, we participate in EQUIP AUTO ALGERIA 2022, International Trade Show for

Automotive Aftersales and Services for Mobilility. We are convinced that the event

would turn out to be an ideal ground for the business people operating in the automotive


Our publications remain at the service of those businesses people seeking to increase their

share in the increasingly competitive foreign markets.

We wish them lucrative trade.



Mercedes recalling about 1 million older

cars over faulty brake fears

German carmaker Mercedes-Benz is

recalling almost a million older vehicles

from around the world due to possible

problems with the brake booster, the

company said.

The recall affects models of the SUV series

ML and GL (BR 164) and the R-Class (BR

251) luxury minivan produced between

2004 and 2015, it said.

The German federal transport authority

(KBA) had also confirmed the recall, which

it said covers 993,407 vehicles worldwide,

including around 70,000 in Germany.

“We have found that in some of those

vehicles, the function of the brake booster

could be affected by advanced corrosion in

the joint area of the housing,” Mercedes-

Benz said in a statement.

This could result in an increase in the brake

pedal force needed to decelerate the

vehicle and/or to a potentially increased

stopping distance, it added.

The KBA said that “corrosion on the brake

booster can in the worst case lead to the

connection between the brake pedal and

the braking system being interrupted.”

“As a consequence, the service brake can

stop functioning,” it noted.

The move was based on an “analysis of

isolated reports for certain vehicles,”

Mercedes-Benz said in a statement to

Agence France-Presse (AFP).

“In rare cases of very severe corrosion,

it might be possible for a particularly

strong or hard braking maneuver to cause

mechanical damage to the brake booster,

whereby the connection between the

brake pedal and brake system would fail,”

the statement read.

“In such a very rare case, it would not be

possible to decelerate the vehicle via the

service brake. Thus, the risk of a crash or

injury would be increased.”

The company said it would “start with

the recall immediately” and contact

the owners of the “potentially affected


“The recall process will involve

inspecting potentially affected vehicles

and, depending on the results of the

inspection, replacing the parts where

necessary,” the company said.

“Until the inspection takes place, we ask

our customers not to drive their vehicles.”

JULY 2022 8

Automechanika Istanbul 2022 held

48.354 professionals from 141 countries visited the trade fair

Automechanika Istanbul 2022, the leading

international automotive industry trade

fair of the region covering from North

Africa to Eastern Europe, in addition to

Türkiye and neighboring countries, held

between 2-5 June at Istanbul TÜYAP Fair

and Congress Center in co-operation with

Messe Frankfurt Istanbul and Hannover

Fairs Turkey has closed its doors.

The record-breaking 2022 edition of

Automechanika Istanbul brought the

Turkish automotive aftermarket sector

of a size of more than 30 billion USD

in Turkey’s exports with professionals

from all over the world together once

again in Istanbul. The 15th edition of

Automechanika Istanbul 2022 hosted

825 companies across 12 halls consisting

mostly of manufacturers and welcomed

34.552 domestic and 13.802 international

buyers adding up to a total of 48.354

trade visitors from 141 countries.

Specially-designed Automechanika

Istanbul Digital Platform was accessed by

users worldwide with a %32 of increase

compared to the last edition.

Along with the country pavilions of

Germany, Korea, Morocco, Pakistan,

Poland, India and China, 170 international

and 655 domestic exhibitors came

together with professionals from overseas

regions as well as countries closer to

Turkey. Within the scope of the buyer

delegation program organized by the

Republic of Türkiye Ministry of Trade in

cooperation with Automotive Exporters’

Association, international high-volume

buyers had the opportunity to hold B2B

meetings with exhibitiors registered in the

program during the fair.

A great interest was shown for the themes

and events during the show

The most comprehensive event program

ever in all editions of Automechanika

Istanbul from the past to the present

attracted hundreds of audience at

the fairground and online where the

experts of the automotive community

shared their comments and the latest

developments on the e-mobility

technologies of the future in the

Automechanika Academy program

powered by Castrol. Those who wanted

to take a closer look at popular electric

vehicles and get detailed information

about charging stations showed

great interest in the E-mobility Area.

The International Bodyshop Industry

Symposium (IBIS) conveyed latest

developments and educational content for

the repair and maintenance professionals

with sessions that continued throughout

the fair. Participants were able to watch

the clash of talented and experienced car

care professionals live at Automechanika

Istanbul 2022. The winners of contests in

3 categories taking part during all show

days were awarded with a ceremony at

the Automechanika Academy stage. The

7th Edition of OSS (Turkish Automotive

Aftermarket Association) Conference took

place and hosted Arnd Franz, LKQ CEO who

is one of the most important figures of the

global automotive aftermarket industry.

The next Automechanika Istanbul will take

place in Istanbul TÜYAP Fair and Congress

Center in 2023.

JULY 2022 12

Electric cars

offer Turkish





Motorists in Turkey are increasingly turning

to electric vehicles as driving a car has

become more costly due to higher gasoline


Gasoline prices nearly doubled in the past

year in Turkey, which means car owners

need to allocate a larger portion of their

income to commute.

The monthly gasoline cost of a car, which

travels some 500 kilometers on the roads

of the city, is now some 3,660 Turkish Liras

(around $247) on average, whereas an

owner of an electric car pays 756 liras to

cover energy cost of the vehicle.

There are presently around 4,000 charging

stations across Turkey, and 1,500 of them

are privately owned. The demand for

setting up such stations at homes or offices

has been growing in the last months amid

the rising gasoline prices.

The range of an electric car with a 60kWh

battery is around 350 kilometers. It is

calculated that if a car used in city traffic

travels some 2,000 kilometers that means

a monthly power consumption of 400 kWh.

If the car is charged at a station installed at

a house, the cost of the electricity is 1.89

liras/kWh (based on the current electricity

prices), which totals to 756 liras a month.

If a charging station, which is installed

at businesses, is used, the cost increases

slightly to around 1,100 liras since

businesses pay 2.74 liras per kilowatts

hour of electricity.The network of charging

stations operated by private companies

on the intercity highways and in the cities

is also expanding fast. The charging fees

at those stations are two to three times

higher than the stations at houses because

of the costs associated with running such


To have a charging station installed at a

detached house costs around 17,000 liras,

while the price of a station that serves up

to four car owners is around 70,000 liras,

according to experts from Zorlu Energy

Solutions (ZES).

The latest automotive sales data reflect

the growing interest in electric vehicles in


In March this year, 638 electric vehicles

were sold in the country, which pointed

to a 267 percent increase from a year ago.

The share of electric cars in total vehicle

sales was still low at 1.3 percent. In the

month, hybrid car sales, however, declined

by 3.4 percent on an annual basis to 6,024

units, accounting for 12 percent of all

vehicle sales.

In 2021, 2,486 electric vehicles were sold

in Turkey, but in January-March alone this

year, 1,073 electric cars were already sold

on the local market, rising 244 percent

from the first quarter of last year.

Hybrid car sales fell by 17 percent to 11,227

units, which made up less than 10 percent

of all automotive sales.

JULY 2022 14

First Bizzarrini

5300 GT Corsa

Revival Hits the


The reborn Bizzarrini brand, founded by

arguably the most talented automotive

engineer and designer the world has ever

seen, has achieved its next significant

milestone. The first Bizzarrini 5300 GT

Corsa Revival prototype – the authentic

recreation of Giotto Bizzarrini’s first car

under his own name – has taken to the

road for final endurance testing before first

customer cars are completed.

Built at Bizzarrini’s dedicated facility in the

UK, the 5300 GT Corsa Revival is the most

authentic interpretation of the 5300 GT

available. Built using original blueprints,

utilising materials from original suppliers,

with the input of experts originally

involved in the 5300 GT project, some

key improvements have been added with

modern safety regulations in mind. The

original car’s fuel tanks were located deep

in the sills, as well as behind the driver,

for example, but now – using advanced

3D scanning – Bizzarrini engineers have

created a tank intricately shaped, filling the

available void in the chassis to tolerances

and accuracy not available to the original

designers. The overall fuel capacity is only

marginally reduced, at 95 litres, keeping

the range within the requirements of a

multiple round race series.

The painstaking dedication to authenticity

even extends as far as this car’s paintwork.

There is a long and complex history

surrounding the colour known as Rosso

Corsa, with many shades purporting to

be the original. To ensure the car looked

exactly as it would have in period, the

Bizzarrini team tracked down a paint colour

sample from an original panel, which had

been hidden from light since it was first

painted, perfectly preserving Bizzarrini

Rosso Corsa. This shade was then colourmatched

for the Revival to create Rosso

Corsa Bizzarrini 222.

First developed as a high-performance

variant of the Bizzarrini-engineered Iso

Grifo A3C, the 5300 GT Corsa was designed

by Giorgetto Giugiaro with refinements

by Piero Drogo of Carrozzeria Sports Cars.

Incorporating a tried and tested V8 engine,

the 5300 GT was light, fast and reliable.

Famed for its performance in the 1965

Le Mans 24 Hour Race, perhaps the most

legendary 5300 GT is chassis 0222.

JULY 2022 16

That summer, French racing drivers Regis

Fraissinet and Jean de Mortemart took

the over 5-litre class win at Le Mans, also

finishing ninth overall. Not only did Chassis

0222 run the race at an average speed of

169km/h, Giotto Bizzarrini himself then

drove the car back home to Northern

Italy immediately after the race. The

5300 GT Revival Corsa prototype takes

livery inspiration from this legendary car,

encapsulating the spirit of a bygone age of

high-performance race cars and the genius

behind them.

In radically adapting the Corsa for track

driving, Giotto Bizzarrini fitted bespoke

independent rear suspension and shifted

the front-mounted engine as far back in

the chassis as possible. This revolutionary

approach to weight distribution proved a

key advantage against many contemporary

front-heavy cars. In testing the Revival,

modern measurements show that each

corner of the car carries 25% of its overall

weight, illustrating the visionary genius of

Giotto Bizzarrini to design a car in 1965 that

still delivers perfect balance in 2022.

Each car in the Revival series of 24 vehicles

will be hand-built, with a lightweight single

piece composite body, over a steel frame.

Inside, the two seats are protected by a

more comprehensive six-point roll bar

and safety fuel cell, meeting FIA Appendix

K historic racing regulations. Test drives

of the Revival revealed a car that feels

subtly more rigid than original examples.

Independent rear suspension to Giotto’s

Corsa specification and all-round disc

brakes are paired with a period-specific

5,300 cubic centimeter V8 with Weber

45 DCOE (Doppio Corpo Orizzontale E)

carburettors developing between over 400

horsepower. At just 1250 kg, the Bizzarrini

5300 GT Revival Corsa has excellent power

to weight ratio.

One of Giotto Bizzarrini’s most valuable

talents was his ability to push the limits of

contemporary engineering. The original

5300 GT made extensive use of the

strongest lightweight material of its day,

glass fibre. “Had it been available, we

believe Giotto Bizzarrini would almost

certainly have deployed carbon fibre in his

racing cars,” said Richard Quinlan COO of

Bizzarrini. “As a result, the 5300 GT Revival

Corsa will be offered with a full carbon fibre

bodyshell as standard for those customers

who do not need to conform to Historic

Racing regulations.”

The 5300 GT Revival Corsa will be the first

model to bear the Bizzarrini name for more

than 15 years. After the completion of

the development prototype, a total of 24

customer cars will be built, each offered

as the most authentic contemporary

interpretation of the 1965 Le Mans

class-winner. Designed to be driven,

each Bizzarrini 5300 GT Revival Corsa

can be modified to match its customer’s

exact specifications. “The car is of course

engineered for racing,” said Richard

Quinlan “but we will also be able to satisfy

the desire of any customer who wishes to

drive this spectacular car on the road.”

Simon Busby, Bizzarrini CMO said, “We

have an ambitious long-term vision for the

Bizzarrini brand, and the 5300GT Corsa

Revival serves as either an introduction

or a reminder of the storied heritage of

Bizzarrini. We were thrilled with the car’s

performance during endurance testing,

delivering the same adrenaline-fueled

driving experience as Giotto Bizzarrini’s

original design. Now, as we complete

the process of building the cars for our

customers throughout the world, we are

refining the initial engineering and design

proposals for our modern supercar.

Utilising the very latest technologies, and

built with the ethos, passion and values

of our founding genius, this will truly be a

Bizzarrini for a new generation.”

Giotto Bizzarrini is renowned for his work

in building the famous Lamborghini V12

engine, first used on Lamborghini’s debut

model, the 350 GT. The engine proved

such a compelling design that aspects of

this engine were used by Lamborghini

right up until 2010. Giotto also played

the key role in the development of the

iconic Ferrari 250 GTO, and in developing

the advanced aerodynamics for the

legendary Ferrari 250-based ‘Breadvan’.

Giotto’s work at Ferrari came to an

unexpected end, during one of the

most damaging moments in Ferrari’s

history, informally known as the ‘Night

of the Long Knives’ or ‘The Palace

Revolt’. As the story goes four of

Ferrari’s top engineers, including Giotto,

revolted against Enzo Ferrari’s running

of the business, and the sacking of

commercial director Girolami Gardini. Il

Commendatore responded by firing them

too. For Giotto, it was partly a desire to

settle the score with Ferrari that led him

to take his creation to Le Mans in 1965,

where it won its class. The first customer

deliveries of the 5300 GT Revival Corsa

are already scheduled for handover to

global clients from May 2022.




EV sales break record

globally, market share

drastically up

The market share of electric vehicles

around the world increased 41 times in the

last 10 years and reached 8.3%. Last year,

electric vehicle sales reached 6.75 million,

up 108% from earlier.

Within the scope of the goals of combating

climate change, countries are accelerating

the conversion to low carbon technologies

to reduce their fossil fuel consumption.

While electric vehicles are critical in

reducing emissions from the transportation

sector, automobile brands’ investments and

brand models in this area are increasing


The transformation in the electric vehicle

market is reflected in sales at the same

pace. Last year, all of the net growth in the

global vehicle market came from electric


Global electric vehicle sales reached 6.75

million in 2021, an all-time high, with an

increase of 108% compared to the previous

year, according to an Anadolu Agency (AA)

report, which cited data from the EVvolumes.com.

Electric vehicle sales were 3.24 million in

2020 despite the pandemic.

While the market share of electric vehicles

was 0.2% in 2012, it reached 8.3% with the

record sales last year.

Last year also saw the biggest annual

growth of the last 10 years in electric

vehicles. China was the country where the

most electric vehicle sales were recorded

last year, with 3.4 million. Compared to

the previous year, sales in China increased

by 155%, or 2.06 million. While 2.3 million

electric vehicles were sold in Europe, this

figure was up by 66% compared to 2020.

While the U.S. ranks third with 735,000

electric vehicle sales, some 114,500 electric

vehicles were sold in South Korea.

Electric vehicle sales in Israel, Australia,

India and Japan were over 10,000.

Meanwhile, according to the International

Energy Agency (IEA) data, 130,000 electric

vehicles were sold throughout the year in

2012, while this figure was reached in a

week in 2021.

After last year’s sales, the total number of

electric vehicles in the world reached 16

million. The total electricity consumption

of electric vehicles in the world will reach

30 terawatt-hours in 2021. This amount is

equal to one year’s electricity production in

Ireland. Tesla ranked first with 936,000 in

electric vehicle sales last year. The highest

number of Tesla vehicles were sold in the

U.S. with 352,000 followed by China with

321,000 and Europe with 170,000.

Volkswagen (VW) Group followed Tesla

with 763,000, BYD with 598,000, GM with

517,000 and Stellantis with 385,000.

JULY 2022 20

WirelessCar Expands Connected Vehicle

Services with New Android Automotive

OS-based Applications

WirelessCar, a leading connected car

services provider, today announced an

expansion of applications built on the

Android Automotive Operating System

(Android Auto OS), paving the way for

automakers to develop new, truly digital

services for their customers in a fraction of

the traditional development time.

WirelessCar is since this spring featuring

these new applications globally in cars

from Polestar, the Sweden-based premium

electric vehicle manufacturer. WirelessCar

made the announcement today at

AutoTech: Detroit, an influential trade show

hosted by Informa and WardsAuto.

Currently, automakers are locked into

long development cycles. It can take 12

to 24 months in order to bring hardware,

software and new in-vehicle logic to

market. Using WirelessCar’s new Android

Auto OS applications, automakers will be

able to offer new connected car services

with little or no lead time and dramatically

reduced expense. It will also be easier to

update in-vehicle apps with over-the-air


One of WirelessCar’s new applications,

Journey Log, collates and tracks details

about each ride taken in a vehicle, securely

storing the data in the WirelessCar cloud.

This application benefits consumers and

businesses who need to track mileage and

energy consumption and allows for the

categorization of trips. The service can also

be extended for Usage Based Insurance

(UBI) applications.

Another new WirelessCar Android Auto OS

application for larger businesses gathers

this same kind of trip information for fleets,

such as rental car companies. Fleet owners

will be able to monitor the usage and

availability of fleet vehicles in real time and

on a system level. For example, they’ll be

able to get alerts based on the number of

hours each vehicle is used or when it goes

out of specified geographical boundaries.

“Automakers will be one of the big winners

with WirelessCar’s next-generation

technology,” said Niklas Florén, CEO

of WirelessCar. “Car companies using

WirelessCar’s applications will be able to

analyze real-world vehicle data that will

drive better decisions about features and


Another advantage for automakers will

be smoother integration of new apps and

services, including third-party apps. Any

data collected in the WirelessCar cloud can

be anonymized, removing any personally

identifiable information that would

compromise consumer privacy. Instead of

merely maintaining their existing systems

with a digital veneer, automakers will be able

to offer truly digital services.

WirelessCar forecasts that 70 percent of

automakers will introduce Android Auto

OS on new models by 2025. WirelessCar is

already working extensively on Android Auto

OS, developing new in-vehicle applications to

connect the latest vehicles with WirelessCar’s

products and services, which it has designed,

evolved, and operated for numerous global

car brands over the past 20 years. By

leveraging Android Auto OS, WirelessCar will

bring automakers new ways to interact with

both their B2C and B2B customers; seamless,

real-time access to vehicle data; and built-in

privacy settings. WirelessCar’s solutions

allow auto companies to maintain full control

and ownership of the information generated

by their vehicles.

JULY 2022 22

Teslas with

Autopilot a step

closer to recall

after wrecks

Teslas with partially automated driving

systems are a step closer to being recalled

after the U.S. elevated its investigation

into a series of collisions with parked

emergency vehicles or trucks with warning


The National Highway Traffic Safety

Administration said that it is upgrading

the Tesla probe to an engineering analysis,

another sign of increased scrutiny of the

electric vehicle maker and automated

systems that perform at least some driving


Documents posted by the agency raise

some serious issues about Tesla’s Autopilot

system. The agency found that it’s being

used in areas where its capabilities are

limited, and that many drivers aren’t taking

action to avoid crashes despite warnings

from the vehicle.

The probe now covers 830,000 vehicles,

almost everything that the Austin, Texas,

carmaker has sold in the U.S. since the start

of the 2014 model year.

NHTSA reported that it has found 16

crashes into emergency vehicles and trucks

with warning signs, causing 15 injuries and

one death.

Investigators will evaluate additional

data, vehicle performance and “explore

the degree to which Autopilot and

associated Tesla systems may exacerbate

human factors or behavioral safety risks,

undermining the effectiveness of the

driver’s supervision,” the agency said.

A message was left seeking comment from

Tesla.An engineering analysis is the final

stage of an investigation, and in most cases

NHTSA decides within a year if there should

be a recall or the probe should be closed.

In the majority of the 16 crashes, the

Teslas issued collision alerts to the drivers

just before impact. Automatic emergency

braking intervened to at least slow the

cars in about half the cases. On average,

Autopilot gave up control of the Teslas less

than a second before the crash, NHTSA said

in documents detailing the probe.

NHTSA also said it’s looking into crashes

involving similar patterns that did not

include emergency vehicles or trucks with

warning signs.

Automotive production rises 26 percent in


Local carmakers produced nearly 104,000

vehicles in May, marking a 25.5 percent

increase from a year ago, the Automotive

Manufacturers’ Association (OSD) said.

That followed the 3.2 percent increase

recorded in the previous month. The

increase in the industry’s output in May

was partially due to the base effect.

Passenger car production rose by 0.3

percent on an annual basis to 67,000

units last month, but commercial vehicle

production leaped 132 percent to 37,000


The local automotive market expanded

nearly 19 percent in May from a year ago.

Data from the OSD showed that more than

68,000 vehicles were sold on the local

market. Passenger car sales increased 20

percent to around 52,000 units.

Turkey also boosted its passenger car

imports by 35 percent to 33,500, while

total vehicle imports rose by 26 percent

to 40,000. Local carmakers shipped nearly

79,000 vehicles to foreign markets, up 52

percent, generating $744 million in export

revenues, rising from $680 million a year

ago. From January to May, the automotive

industry’s output, however, fell by 3.5

percent compared with the same period

of 2021 to around 514,000 vehicles, with

passenger car production falling 16.2

percent to 296,400 units.

Commercial vehicle production grew 22

percent in the first five months of the year

from a year ago to stand at 218,000 units.

In the first five months of 2022, the local

automotive market contracted 11.5

percent. Passenger car sales were down

13.6 percent to 214,000 vehicles.

The industry’s export revenues climbed 3

percent on an annual basis to $12.7 billion,

while revenues from passenger car exports

shrank more than 14 percent to $3.6


JULY 2022 24

Turkey successfully tests 4th of

its multirole helicopter Gökbey

The fourth Gökbey, Turkey’s first

homegrown multirole helicopter, has

taken off for the first time, the head of the

company developing the aircraft said.

Temel Kotil, head of Turkish Aerospace

Industries (TAI), made the related

statement via his Twitter account.

He shared photos of the Gökbey during

tests with a caption that read: “I am happy

to share with you the test flights of our

4th #GÖKBEY, which took off for the first

time. I would like to thank all my valuable

colleagues who workday and night. We will

always continue to work for more.”

The Gökbey T625 is being developed as

part of the Original Helicopter Program,

coordinated by the Presidency of Defense

Industries (SSB).

The twin-engine, six-ton-class aircraft

designed for high mission flexibility even in

the toughest of geographical environments

and adverse weather conditions are being

developed in response to growing market

demand for higher mission flexibility in this

class. The T625 prototype was previously

powered by a pair of LHTECs and CTS800

4-AT turboshaft engines that have 1,373

shaft horsepower each, produced in a joint

Rolls-Royce and Honeywell partnership.

The chopper will soon be powered

by a domestically produced engine

manufactured by TAI subsidiary TUSAŞ

Engine Industries (TEI).

The second prototype of the first domestic

helicopter engine TEI-TS1400, the TS4,

was successfully started in January 2021,

following the initial operation of the first


The turboshaft TEI-TS1400 engine has been

tailored to the Gökbey.

JULY 2022 26

At Autopromotec 2022 the

automotive aftermarket goes

towards the future of mobility

and beyond it

The 29th edition of Autopromotec, which ended in Bologna on

May 28, testified the energy and international standing of a sector

that is ready to seize the challenges of the future of mobility

Together, towards the future of mobility

and beyond: the enthusiasm and

international standing of the entire

automotive aftermarket sector drove

the success of the 29th edition of

Autopromotec, which ended in Bologna on

28 May. The 4 days of the exhibition, one

day less than 2019 edition, gave evidence

of the real strength of the sector: over

75.141 professional operators, 15% of

which coming from 116 countries in the

world, crowded the Bologna exhibition

center, to discover the most recent

innovations in terms of specific products

and services for each single sector of the


On an exhibiting area of 141,000 square

meters, for a total of 15 halls and 6

outdoor external areas, the world of the

automotive aftermarket met again in

person after the break imposed by the

pandemic, creating an important moment

of insight, meeting and debate on the

entire sector and its evolution. Undisputed

protagonists of Autopromotec 2022 were

the 1,311 participating companies, 31% of

these coming from 46 different countries,

that created an exclusive international

showcase of technology and innovation.

Autopromotec is reasserted as an event

of a great international scope, with an

incoming activity based on the strategic

support of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

and International Cooperation and the ICE-

ITA Agency. Thanks to this support and with

the joint effort of local network agencies,

Autopromotec reached an unprecedented

achievement this year: more than 180

foreign delegates from over 35 countries

were present at the 2022 edition. A great

result was also obtained in terms of

meetings organized within the B2B area,

planned also with the support of Enterprise

Europe Network: over 800 meetings, a

sharp increase compared to the 629 of

the pre-pandemic edition, that involved

138 representatives of Italian participating


The great challenges offered by the

automotive market, most of them already

underway, related in particular to the

ecological transition and autonomous

driving served as a frame for the 2022

edition of Autopromotec. Together with a

unique path in the heart of the automotive

aftermarket provided with FUTURMOTIVE

Experience - Talks - Startups, developed

with the support of ICE Agenzia,

Autopromotec 2022 offered an attentive

look towards the future of the sector,

through the analysis and comparison of

the most important trends. Visitors were

then guided through the event and, more

generally, the disruptive trends in the

mobility supply chain, thanks to several

opportunities for an in-depth focus and

discussion offered by the numerous

workshops and conferences organized

during the show. With the first edition of

Electric City, Autopromotec also brought a

360-degree view of electric mobility, with a

selection of alternative-powered cars: from

city cars to high-performance vehicles,

they were all on display in the 600 square

meters of exhibition area.

With Autopromotec 2022, the automotive

aftermarket world gathered also on a

“digital” level. The numbers are again

highly relevant: in the first 5 months of

this year, the event’s website reached

285,733 unique visitors (compared to

234,868 in 2019) and more than 2,411,625

page views. A significant number of users

followed the 2022 edition through social

channels: again, in the first 5 months of the

JULY 2022 28

year, Autopromotec digital profiles had a

total of 58,369 interactions and 2,074,809

post views.

Renzo Servadei, CEO of Autopromotec,

commented on the success of the 29th

edition: “For the automotive aftermarket,

Autopromotec 2022 was the first great

opportunity to get together again. During

the entire event it was tangible the great

enthusiasm to meet face to face after

such a long time. In the past three years,

while the world seemed to stand still,

companies have never stopped to invest

and innovate. This led to an enormous

technological advance that was seen in

every way during these days of the show:

visitors have finally been able to touch

all the innovations announced in recent

months. An increasingly technological and

digitized sector, along with challenges,

offers important opportunities to be seized:

professional operators have shown that

they are well aware of the importance of

updating and training to keep up with the

times. The large registered participation

shows that the sector is ready to seize the

challenges of the future of mobility “.




Panda Auto Textile products will be all over the world

Panda Seat Covers will bring all the products of textile group, which drivers dream

of for their own vehicles, to consumers.

Panda Seat Covers, which has been

producing seat covers for automobiles for

many years, has gone about to produce

all the products that its customers need

in automobile textiles. The brand, which

currently has 4 warehouses in different

countries in order to eliminate the logistics

problem when sending products abroad,

will increase this number to 10 by the

end of March. Panda Seat Covers General

Manager Orhan Ebem stating that they

are the best brand of Turkey in terms of

production, R&D and investment, stated

that they will continue production in an

area of 10,000 square meters with their

new production facility and produce the

highest quality auto textile products.

++First of all, can we hear from you

about the process of your brand from its

establishment to the present?

Panda Seat Covers is an international

brand focused on auto textile production

since 1986. Our goal is to become a

solution partner of the companies we

work with by working together. We are

aiming to maintain the market leadership

by combining technology and aesthetic

understanding in our products. For this,

we have conducted serious research in

the international arena in the last 10

years. How can we optimize quality? What

kind of products does Europe use? We

did research on questions like those. We

started to take returns from that in a short


What are the features of your

products? What materials do you use

while producing auto covers?

We are using special products such as

leather, velvet, linen, and jacquard and

foal hair in production. The leathers we

use are easy to clean and long lasting. It is

waterproof and liquid-proof, fully wrapping

the original seats and protecting them in

first-class quality. Our velvet fabrics made

of cotton make a silky touch with a special

weaving technique. The product makes you

feel special with its soft and comfortable

structure. It is the first choice of our

customers who want to make a luxury

perception in their vehicle. Linen is a very

strong fiber. It is brighter than cotton fiber

and has an excellent resistance to heat.

JULY 2022 34

Thanks to its hard structure, it provides

long-term use. It does not sweat or stretch.

Jacquard fabric is a type of fabric made

with patterns obtained by weaving threads

on a special loom. Its source is cotton and

it is the most preferred type of fabric for

vehicle manufacturers in car seat cover

upholstery. Because of its cotton structure,

it does not sweat and shows long-term

durability. Our foal fleece fabrics, which

are made of cotton, are a high quality

and thick-structured product due to the

density of weaving. It has a unique texture.

It is highly resistant to wear and tear. In

addition, it does not sweat, has dirt and

stain-proof properties.

What kind of innovations have you

brought to this sector as Panda Seat


Our industry has always remained in the

status we call under the counter. We

opened the first factory in this sector in

Düzce. We took care to ensure that the

production is of maximum quality by

giving trainings to our employees there. It

is because, when you export, the brands

abroad are looking at the documents you

have such as ISO and Airbag. It was difficult

to do this in Turkey. It is because we started

to produce in an unconventional way. We

have developed our machinery purchases

in accordance with these standards. As a

result, we started to sell to countries such

as Romania, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine and


What other work do you have

regarding export?

Beside these countries, we started to gain

returns abroad by selling to Germany 4

years ago. We saw that there is a serious

trailer market there. We have achieved

positive results by starting production in this

segment as well.

For the American market, we sent a team

to examine the work done there. We saw

that there was a virgin market here, and

as a result of our work, we agreed with a

company and started to send our standard

products there. We both send truck covers

here by making an agreement with a foreign

company, and we also deliver our products

to the American market via Poland.

35 JULY 2022

So, how is this situation in the

domestic market?

We also made researches to see how we

can deliver our products directly to our

customers in the domestic market. Because

the product we sell for 600 TL goes up to

1500 TL until it reaches the customer. For

this, we have activated our E-Commerce

channel. Apart from our own E-Commerce

site, we also took our place in all of the

market places. In fact, we broke a record

by reaching a turnover of 2 million in a

short time like 8 months in a market place

in 2020. As a result of our efforts, we have

reached 1600 different sales points. We

made a selection based on this figure, and

now our products are being sold at around

800 sales points on average. We have a

field team regularly visiting these outlets

and evaluating customer feedback. We will

continue our efforts to deliver problem-free

and quality products to end consumers.

Could you give information about your

production facilities? Do you have

R&D studies?

We are using 2500 different molds. We are

the only company carrying out R&D and

P&D studies in this sector in Turkey. We

allocate 25% of our turnover only to these

activities. We produce 22 thousand new

products every month. We bought a new

machine from Italy for my new products.

In this way, decorative stitches began to

take place in our products. Customers can

already design their own covers on the

internet with the products and colors they


JULY 2022 36

What are your new investments and

goals for the upcoming period?

First of all, we are starting to produce a

new series for women. We have designed

22 new products just for this catalogue. We

will have different products such as stoned,

digitally printed and knitted. At the end of

March, we will also invest in the production

of steering wheel covers, pillows and

mats for the truck group. Our concern is

to produce more various products. Now

we want to be known as Panda Auto

Textile, not just Panda Seat Covers. We will

produce anything that people dream of for

their vehicles. In addition, we will establish

new warehouses in order to increase

our logistics power in the coming period.

Currently, we have 1 warehouse each in

Germany and England, and 2 warehouses

in Iraq. In addition to these, we will

increase this number to 10 by putting

into service 3 warehouses in Europe and

1 warehouse each in America, Dubai and

Ukraine as of the end of March. Especially

countries like Saudi Arabia and Qatar love

the covers. We will turn this demand into

an opportunity with quality products.

We currently have a production site

of 4,600 square meters. We will start

production in the entire building we are

in this month. As a result, we will have a

production facility of 10,000 square meters

in the center of Istanbul.

37 JULY 2022

Turkey’s 2022

exports will

exceed $250

billion target

Turkey’s export will exceed the targeted

$250 billion at the end of 2022, President

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has said, stressing

that the existing growth-based economic

model will continue to be decisively


“The global health crisis followed by

security crisis are making our job in terms

of becoming a manufacturing hub easier.

In this picture, the country that comes to

the fore is Turkey. We understand that our

export will exceed $250 billion, our target

for 2022,” Erdoğan said at a meeting on

the occasion for distributing awards to

investors in Istanbul on June 13.

The meeting was organized by Turkey’s

Exporters’ Assembly (TİM).

The first quarter has shown an increase

beyond expectations in the exports figures

thanks to the efforts and works by the TİM,

Erdoğan stated.

Export figures exceeding $250 billion will

make Turkey one step closer to fulfilling the

2023 targets, the president said.

Global economic problems, uncertainties

and currency fluctuations also has impact

on Turkey, Erdoğan stressed, citing the

rising cost of life in the country.

“This is the empty part of the glass, but

we should also look at the full part of the

glass,” he said, underlining economic and

democratic development of Turkey in the

past 20 years under his rule.

“We will do everything so that our country

takes more share from $100 trillion global


Turkey has always been the target of some

powers who wanted to stop its economic

growth, and these efforts have been much

more visible in the past decade, Erdoğan


The government will not allow high

interest rates but will focus on growing the

economy and employment by boosting

production, the president noted.

“We will surely compensate the loss of

our people’s prosperity. We will decisively

implement the Turkish economic model

based on employment, production,

investment and export.”

JULY 2022 40

Capacity utilization rises in May

The capacity utilization rate (CUR) in the

manufacturing sector increased from 77.8

percent in April to 78 percent in May, the

Central Bank said on May 23.

The CUR was 77.3 percent in March.

The durable consumer goods industry used

74.4 percent of its capacity in May, only an

inch higher from the previous month’s 74.2

percent CUR, while the capacity utilization

in the non-durable consumer goods

industry declined from 75.7 percent in April

to 75.4 percent.

In the food and drinks sector, the capacity

utilization increased from 72.7 percent to

72.9 percent and in the consumer goods

manufacturing sector’s CUR eased from

75.4 percent to 75.2 percent.

The Central Bank data also showed that

the investment goods industry increased

its CUR to 75 percent in May from 74.8

percent in the previous month, while

the CUR in the intermediate goods

manufacturing sector rose from 79.7

percent to 80 percent.

The Central Bank separately said on May

23 that the real sector confidence index

declined from 109.7 in April to 109.4 in


Any index figure above the 100-threshold

indicates optimism among businesses.

The gauge of business morale stood at

108.5 in March.

The sub-index for the orders received in the

past three months advanced from 113.2 to

114.5, but the sub-index for exports orders

in the next three months declined from

123.4 to 120.6.

The sub-index measuring the real sector’s

assessment of the general business

condition increased from 83.6 in April

to 87.2 in May. The Turkish Statistical

Insitute (TÜİK) separately reported that the

confidence in the services sector improved

6.1 percent in May from April to 121.7.

The confidence index for the retail industry

was also up 1.7 percent to 121.4, but the

business morale in the construction sector

fell by 2.2 percent to 81.6.

JULY 2022 42

Auto industry racing to 10-minute

electric charging times

Electric vehicles (EVs) are simply not

convenient enough for mass-market

acceptance because they take excessive

amounts of time to charge and consumers

fear running out of juice before the next

station, according to the auto industry.

Automakers have sought to quell those

concerns by developing EVs that go farther

per charge and fill up faster. Problem is,

most public charging stations now fill cars

much too slowly, requiring hours – not

minutes – to provide enough electricity for

an extended trip.

Concerned that such prolonged waits

could turn away potential EV buyers and

keep them stuck on gas-burning vehicles,

automakers are trying to cut charging

times to something close to the five or 10

minutes of a conventional gasoline fill-up.

“It’s absolutely the target to get faster

and faster,” said Brett Smith, technology

director at the Center for Automotive

Research, an industry think tank. “It’s

not there yet, but it’s one of those things

that moves the needle more toward a

competitive vehicle for a lot of people, this

ability to fast charge.”

The latest generation of EVs, many with

ranges around 300 miles per charge, can

accept electricity at a much faster rate

than previous models could. So fast, in

fact, that most charging stations cannot

yet accommodate the vehicles’ advanced


It can now require hours to fully charge

an electric vehicle because most stations

operate on a home-like alternating current.

Direct-current fast-charging stations, by

contrast, are hours faster. But they can cost

tens of thousands of dollars more.

U.S. President Joe Biden delivers remarks

after touring the Ford Rouge Electric

Vehicle Center in Dearborn, Michigan, U.S.,

May 18, 2021. (Reuters Photo)

The high cost is something the Biden

administration will have to consider

as it develops incentives to encourage

companies and governments to build

500,000 charging stations nationwide

by 2030. Among the possibilities being

discussed are grants, with $15 billion

in spending over five years to build the

network, including fast chargers along

highways and in communities. Details are

being worked out as the administration

negotiates its infrastructure plan with key

members of Congress.

Of the roughly 42,000 public charging

stations in the United States, only about

5,000 are considered direct-current fast

chargers, according to the Department of

Energy. The rest are like home chargers and

they require roughly eight hours to fully

charge longer-range batteries, longer than

anyone wants to wait to charge a vehicle

on a road trip.

And most fast chargers can pump out only

about 50 kilowatts per hour – requiring

roughly an hour to charge an average EV to

80% – even though newer EVs are capable

of being charged must faster than that.

“It’s one of the big barriers for someone

who is not living with a battery-electric

vehicle yet,” said Alex Tripi, who head’s

Volvo’s electric vehicle marketing. “It will

continue to be for a while.”

Limited by technology, early electric

vehicles charged at ridiculously low speeds

when compared with recent models. When

Nissan’s Leaf first went on sale more than

a decade ago, for example, it could take

in only 50 kilowatts per hour from a fast

charger. That meant it took a half hour to

charge it to 80% of its small battery, just 58


A new long-range version released in

2019 nearly tripled the range per charge.

Because it can take 100 kilowatts at a fast

charger, it can get to 80% – 181 miles – in

45 minutes.

Newer EVs can be charged even faster.

But they far exceed the capacity of most

fast chargers. Ford’s Mustang Mach-E and

F-150 Lightning can take in 150 kilowatts

per hour. Hyundai’s Ioniq 5 and Porsche’s

Taycan are over 200 kilowatts.

The Hyundai, with 300 miles of range, can

go from a 10% charge to 80% in just 18

minutes, much closer to gasoline fill-up

times. Hyundai knows there aren’t many

chargers now that can fill the Ioniq that

fast. But it says it’s ready for a future when

more quick chargers are more widely


Automakers tend to quote charging times

to 80% of battery capacity because it takes

much longer to go from 80% to 100%; the

final 20% is often slowed down to prolong

battery life.

“Hopefully the infrastructure will improve

across the U.S. for this to be a whole

lot more viable,” said John Shon, senior

manager of product planning.

Tesla, which has its own private charging

network of 25,000 plugs worldwide, leads

in nearly every measurable category and

just posted its seventh straight profitable

quarter. Its newer chargers can crank out

JULY 2022 46

up to 250 kilowatts and 175 miles of range

in about 15 minutes.

Electrify America, a charging network

funded with money paid by Volkswagen

as punishment for its emissions cheating

scandal, says it’s ready for the newer EVs.

Having installed fast chargers since 2018,

it runs more than 600 stations with 2,600

plugs nationwide. All can pump out 150

kilowatts. That means they can charge a

typical EV with 300 miles of range to 80%

of battery capacity (240 miles) in roughly

45 minutes. Electrify America is adding

350-kilowatt stations, which can charge

twice as fast.

A fast-charge fill-up to 80% of battery

capacity varies by state but typically costs

around $16.

Even Tesla owners, who can access the

nation’s biggest fast-charging charging

network, risk running out of juice on road

trips, especially in rural areas. One such

driver, Dan Nelson, said he had to stop at

a Tesla station near Ann Arbor, Michigan,

for more than 20 minutes to make sure his

Model 3 had enough charge to reach his

rural home 25 miles away.

A China-made Tesla Model 3 electric

vehicle shines on display at the Guangzhou

auto show in Guangzhou, Guangdong

province, China, Nov. 21, 2019. (Reuters


“There’s definitely improvements that can

be made,” said Nelson, who charges at

home most of the time.

Bruce Westlake, president of the East

Michigan Electric Auto Association,

suggested that such anxiety tends to ease

as people gain more experience with EVs.

He said he is now comfortable running his

two Teslas as low as 5% of battery capacity

to go farther between charges on trips.

Research by J.D. Power and Associates

shows that most people think charging

stations are needed at locations where gas

stations are now. But in fact, according to

the Energy Department, most EV owners

charge at home more than 80% of the time.

That means super-fast chargers, which can

cost close to $100,000, should be built

mainly along highways where people are

traveling long distances and need to charge

quickly, experts say. They also may be

needed in urban areas where people live

in apartments with no access to a home


A journalist takes photographs of an Ultra

Fast EV Charger next to a Kia EV6 GT during

a photo opportunity in Seoul, South Korea,

June 1, 2021. (Reuters Photo)

It’s far from clear that the automakers can

depend on a proliferation of fast chargers

across the country to build customer

confidence and propel EV sales in the years

ahead. The high cost and heavy load on

utility grids likely will limit the number

of fast chargers to areas where they’re

needed for quick fill-ups, said Jessika

Trancik, an associate professor at the

Massachusetts Institute of Technology who

studies EV charging.

“As we’re approaching this transition,” she

said. “It’s important to be more strategic

than just putting them everywhere.”

Charging companies have time to figure

out where to build fast chargers because

it would take more than 17 years to

convert the entire U.S. fleet of 279 million

passenger vehicles from petroleum to

electricity – even if every motorist were

willing to make the switch, said Pasquale

Romano, CEO of ChargePoint, a charging

station company.

But the chargers can’t come fast enough

for automakers, who want more people to

buy their EVs to spread development costs

over more vehicles. In 2020, global electric

car sales jumped 41% despite pandemic


Romano says fast chargers will be needed

about every 75 miles on roads that connect

metro areas, and that the United States

should get there in about two years. As

more EVs are sold, he said, more stations

will be built.

“You don’t want to put all the

infrastructure in for 20 years starting with

vehicle zero,” Pasquale said. “This is about

the natural organic growth.”

EVs are getting ahead of the public charging

network, which isn’t ready to handle the

higher kilowatts that the parade of new

vehicles can handle. Adding to the urgency

– EVs will be cheaper to produce than fossil

fuel cars by 2027.

Experts, however, say there’s time for the

chargers to catch up as long as EV sales

don’t take off too fast, and if charging

networks are willing to invest in faster


48 JULY 2022

More than 300 Turkish

startups attract over

$1.5B investment in 2021

More than 300 startups from Turkey

received a total investment of over $1.5

billion last year, breaking the record of all

time, Industry and Technology Minister

Mustafa Varank said.

He said, accordingly, Turkey “was promoted

to the highest league in Europe.”

Varank was speaking in a video message he

sent to the 6th New Generation

Varank stated that until a few years

ago, Turkey was unfamiliar with the

term “unicorn” and reiterated that in

the Industry and Technology Strategy

announced in 2019, the target of at least

10 unicorns by 2023 was set.

Stating that six unicorns – startups with a

valuation of over $1 billion – have emerged

from Turkey to date, Varank said, “Two of

them reached the decacorn level, that is, a

valuation of over $10 billion.”

“This of course aroused great excitement

about the potential of our entrepreneurial

ecosystem both at home and abroad,” he


Noting that such successful developments

took place during the heaviest period of

shocks such as the pandemic, Varank said

that “Turcorns,” which were produced in an

environment where production and trade

almost came to a standstill, are the sign of

a new generation economy for the country.

Varank uses the term “Turcorn” to describe

Turkish “unicorns.”

JULY 2022 52

Turkey’s BMC

exports 170

more buses to


Turkish vehicle maker BMC, one of the

country’s largest commercial and military

vehicle manufacturers, has sold 170 more

buses to Azerbaijan, according to Anadolu


The company continues to increase its

exports with the new generation, high-tech

and environmentally friendly buses, thanks

to its research and development (R&D)

investments in recent years, the report


BMC, which, aside from European

countries, has signed many projects in the

Balkans and Turkic republics and with the

tenders it won in Azerbaijan, the company

exported a total of 510 Procity 12-meter

(40-foot) buses, 20 Procity 18-meter

buses and 35 Neocity 9-meter buses with

compressed natural gas (CNG) engines.

With the latest acceptance procedures,

the delivery of 170 Neocity 9-meter

CNG buses has been completed. Thus,

the number of BMC buses serving in

Azerbaijan’s capital Baku increased to 735.

Having produced the first natural gas and

fully low-floor city bus in Turkey, BMC

buses stand out with their high comfort

and technological features. BMC’s buses

produce special solutions for preventing

air pollution, which is the most important

problem of big cities, with their lowemission

and environmentally friendly


BMC, Turkey’s first commercial vehicle

manufacturer to export to Europe,

provides a significant amount of foreign

currency inflow to the country with its

sales to more than 80 countries in its deeprooted

history of half a century.

Winning the “Best Design Award” at

Busworld Europe, Neocity is BMC’s new

generation bus series. Neocity buses,

which are produced in 8.5, 9 and 10-meter

lengths with electric, diesel and CNG, offer

special solutions for the different needs of


Neocity, which has the lowest turning

radius in its class thanks to its independent

front axle, provides superior driving

comfort with its high maneuverability and

high traction, even in the narrowest streets

of the city. Neocity 8.5 and 9-meter buses

offer the opportunity for up to 72 people

to travel comfortably and the 10-meter

versions allow for up to 88 passengers.

JULY 2022 54

Czinger 21C debuts at Concours on

Savile Row with H.R. Owen

The Czinger 21C hypercar will be making

its first public appearance in the UK at the

inaugural Concours on Savile Row event in

the heart of London. In partnership with

H.R. Owen – exclusive UK dealer to Czinger

– the 21C will be displayed outside Norton

& Sons tailors for the duration of the show.

The 21C sets new standards in both

engineering and design. It is propelled by

the most power-dense production internal

combustion engine the world has ever

seen, pairing a 2.88-litre twin-turbocharged

V8 petrol unit with an 800-volt electric

drive system, to produce a peak power

output of 1233bhp.

That astonishing power is distributed

across all four wheels via a seven-speed

sequential transaxle gearbox which, in

a car weighing just 1250kg, equates to

devastating performance. The 0-62mph

sprint is dispatched in 1.9 seconds, while

0-186mph takes only 8.5 seconds. A top

speed of 253mph is possible.

Czinger has developed a ground-breaking

build process to enable it to push the

envelope of hypercar performance with

the 21C. Czinger’s patented human-AI

design process ensures every component

of the car is optimised for performance,

weight and packaging. For example, the

front upper control arm is hollow with

3D-printed internal structures allowing it to

achieve significant weight savings without

affecting performance. This attention to

detail and obsession with perfection has

been applied throughout every aspect of

the car, each and every component is a

bespoke work of art.

Thanks to its outstanding power-to-weight

ratio the 21C has already set a production

car lap record at Laguna Seca, beating the

McLaren Senna by two seconds. At Circuit

of the Americas, the 21C also holds the lap

record, having beaten the previous holder

– the McLaren P1 – by six seconds.

Just 80 examples of the Czinger 21C will

be built, available to customers in two fully

homologated specifications; a lightweight

high downforce configuration and a low

drag configuration for top speed.

Those hoping to see the Czinger 21C can

find it at the Concours on Savile Row; a

celebration of automotive and tailoring

excellence taking place at London’s worldfamous

Savile Row on June 15 - 16.

The iconic street will be closed to traffic to

display some of the world’s greatest cars,

including the 21C which can be found near

Norton & Sons, bespoke tailors and shirt

makers since 1821.

H.R Owen, the UK’s leading luxury motor

dealer group, is proud to have recently

been appointed the exclusive UK retailer

to Czinger. Czinger is the latest addition

to H.R Owen’s partners, which include

sought-after luxury and performance

brands such as Bugatti, Rolls-Royce, Ferrari,

Lamborghini, BAC, Puritalia, Rimac and


Ken Choo, CEO of H.R Owen, said: “It’s

an honour to be partnering with the

Czinger team to debut the 21C in the UK

at the Concours on Savile Row. It’s a great

opportunity for us to begin introducing this

trailblazing brand to the people of London,

in one of the most suitable settings. The

bespoke craftsmanship that underpins

the design and engineering of the 21C is

perfectly mirrored in the tailored creations

of Savile Row. It will be a celebration of

the highest standards from the worlds of

automotive design and bespoke tailoring.”

Czinger Co-Founder and EVP Operations

Lukas Czinger, said “As the foremost luxury

automotive dealer in the U.K., H.R. Owen

is an instantly recognized and respected

international brand. As we grow our

global presence and our vehicle portfolio,

collaborating with the right, best-in-class,

partners is critical. Together with H.R.

Owen, we will introduce a new era of

automotive performance and technology

to the U.K. market.”

JULY 2022 58

Everrati Electric Icons to

Chauffeur Vip Guests at the

Royal Versailles Ball

Everrati Automotive Limited (Everrati), the

leading EV technology and repowering

brand is honoured to be chosen as the

sole automotive partner of the highly

prestigious Royal Versailles Ball 2022, with

its electrified icons playing a key role in the

ultra-exclusive charity event.

The Royal Versailles Ball is a private,

invitation-only, white tie event which held

at The Palace of Versailles on 21st May

2022 on the occasion of Queen Victoria’s

203rd birthday. It became a spectacular,

once-in-a-lifetime experience, paying

homage to Napoleon III’s original Ball of

1855, which Queen Victoria attended as

the guest of honour.

As one of the world’s most environmentally

friendly cars, the electric Land Rover

Series IIA, a quintessentially British car,

aligned with its state-of-the-art Everrati

EV powertrain, was deemed the most

fitting vehicle to transport VIP guests in

sustainable luxury.

An exclusive guest list of 1,100 attended

the Ball, including European royalty,

UHNW and HNW individuals, and bluechip

corporations. The Royal Versailles Ball

supports three wonderful charity partners,

UNICEF UK, Lewa Wildlife Conservancy

and Street Child UK who work to provide

educational programmes in vulnerable

communities around the world, as well as

support for children and families affected

by the war in Ukraine. All proceeds from

the event donated to these chosen

charities. Justin Lunny, Founder & CEO,

Everrati Automotive Limited, said: “It is an

honour for Everrati to play a part in one of

the globe’s most prestigious and exclusive

events – of which our electrified icons

will form a key part of guests’ experience.

Everrati is recognised for preserving some

of the most iconic cars ever made, yet also

ensuring they can be driven sustainably

in a modern low-carbon world. The Royal

Versailles Ball will welcome a variety of

environmentally conscious members of

Royal Families as well as UHNWIs seeking

the very latest in sustainable luxury driving


Everrati’s Land Rover Series IIA –

painstakingly refined and tested at the

company’s technical centre in Upper

Heyford, Oxfordshire – incorporates a

brand-new EV powertrain courtesy of

the company’s expert team of industry

specialists from world-leading OEMs.

The off-roader’s 60kWh battery pack has

a power output of 150bhp and 300Nm

of torque reinvigorates the car’s original

character, coupled with a true zeroemission

range of up to 125 miles.

Available in every major market, surging

demand for Everrati products globally

is being led by sustainability-conscious

millennials and Gen-Z buyers seeking iconic

cars from decades such as the 80s and 90s

who demand electric power over internal

combustion. Everrati buyers are also

traditional car collectors with a passion for

the latest in automotive technology.

Everrati’s model line-up consists of

electrified versions of the Porsche 911

(964) Coupe, Targa, Cabriolet in Pure,

Signature, and Gulf Signature Editions,

the Land Rover Series IIA, the GT40 in

partnership with Superformance including

officially licenced Gulf Edition, and the

Mercedes-Benz W113 SL ‘Pagoda’.

JULY 2022 60

Boom in

demand for



vehicles at the

municipal level

•The world’s leading trade fair for

water, sewage, waste and raw materials

management (IFAT 2022) shows a sharp

increase in the demand for BEV and FCEV

commercial vehicles especially from

municipal companies and businesses

• E-mobility specialist QUANTRON records

increased incoming orders and enquiries

for commercial vehicles at the IFAT,

especially in the heavy and light segments

after the presentation of QUANTRON´s BEV

and hydrogen commercial vehicles

Quantron AG, specialist in battery and

hydrogen-powered commercial vehicles,

was an exhibitor at IFAT 2022 in Munich.

IFAT is the largest platform worldwide for

water, sewage, waste and raw materials

management with around 120,0000 visitors

and 3,000 exhibitors from 155 countries.

During the four days of the trade fair,

Quantron AG received various orders for

new zero-emission vehicles and numerous

enquiries about converting existing diesel

commercial vehicles to electric drives,

primarily from municipal companies.

The demand from the companies focused

on all-electric vehicles from the heavy-duty

segment, e.g. refuse collection vehicles

such as the QUANTRON QHB 27-280 as

well as light and medium-duty transporters

both equipped with hydrogen fuel cell

technology, realised with the exhibited

QUANTRON QLI FCEV, and battery-electric

driven as with the QUANTRON QARGO 4


“It is clearly noticeable that municipal

companies in particular feel the pressure

to act and now want to convert their

fleets to be emission-free,” says Reiner

Dellori, Chief Product Advisor at Quantron

AG. “The problem for many companies

is the implementation of the EU Clean

Vehicles Directive on the one hand, with

rising operating costs for diesel-powered

vehicles and the inability of established

manufacturers to deliver on the other. In

contrast, QUANTRON is able to deliver

suitable vehicles within only a few months.”

As a result, QUANTRON was able to sell

additional battery-electric operated

QUANTRON QARGO 4 EV Light Transporters

at the fair. The vehicle was launched at

the end of April 2022 and ideally suited

for sustainable transportation tasks in

inner-city areas and for last-mile deliveries.

Fully-electric refuse collection trucks in

particular are of great interest to local

authorities. With the QUANTRON QHB

27-280, which is based on the Mercedes-

Benz Econic, QUANTRON is producing a

vehicle that is particularly pleasant for

residents and vehicle personnel alike

thanks to its emission-free and low-noise

mode of operation. Featuring a battery

capacity of 280 kWh, the refuse collection

truck effortlessly manages a complete shift

and can simply be charged overnight for

everyday use. Furthermore, QUANTRON

was also able to inspire customers

regarding its hydrogen-powered vehicles.

The QUANTRON QLI FCEV Light Transporter,

based on the Iveco Daily, was developed in

close cooperation with QUANTRON partner

and fuel cell expert, AE Driven Solutions.

The tremendous interest shown by trade

fair visitors in the hydrogen fuel cell vehicle

demonstrates that municipal companies

are very open-minded when it comes to

the innovative energy source.

Together with its partner, Ballard Power

Systems, QUANTRON is working on the

development of hydrogen-powered

vehicles in the heavy sector. The first

vehicle of the joint hydrogen offensive will

be presented at the IAA Transportation Fair

in September 2022.

JULY 2022 62

Trucker strike stresses S. Korea economy,

threatens supply chains

South Korea’s prime minister warned

that the disruption of cargo transport

could cause “irrecoverable” damage to

the country’s economy, as a nationwide

truckers’ strike initiated.

About 6,840 truckers were rallying at

14 sites across South Korea, continuing

to trigger a delay in the shipment and

delivery of key items like steel, cement,

petrochemicals and tires, the Transport

Ministry said in a statement.

The statement said some steel and cementrelated

factories halted their operations.

It accused some striking truckers of

obstructing cargo transports at some major

southeastern ports. During a Cabinet

meeting, Prime Minister Han Duck-soo,

South Korea’s No. 2 official, said the “illicit

activities” by the striking truckers will never

receive public support, according to Cho

Yong-man, the No. 2 vice culture minister

who serves as a government spokesperson.

Cho cited Han as saying that the disruption

of cargo transport could pose “a big

irrecoverable blow” to South Korea’s

economy, which already faces other


The Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy

said in a statement that the first six days of

the strike caused an estimated 1.6 trillion

won ($1.2 billion) in damages.

Truckers are on a strike, calling for

an extension of temporary measures

guaranteeing minimum wages amid soaring

fuel prices. They met government officials

several times but each meeting ended

without any breakthrough.

In a statement, the Cargo Truckers

Solidarity said the Transport Ministry

lacked the resolve and capacity to narrow

differences over the truckers’ demand.

The Transport Ministry said it’s seeking to

continue talks to address the issue.

South Korean officials and experts say the

strike’s damage has so far been limited to

the country’s domestic industry, though

a prolonged strike may undermine the

global supply chains already hit by Russia’s

assault on Ukraine and China’s COVID-19

restrictions. It also represents the first

major industrial action under newly elected

President Yoon Suk-yeol, a pro-business

conservative who previously vowed to deal

“strictly” with labor disputes.

South Korea is the world’s largest memory

chip exporter and home to global chip

powerhouse Samsung Electronics, as well

as large car companies including Kia and

Hyundai Motors.

“All we are asking for is to remove the

uncertainty in our lives,” Cho Jeong-jae, a

member of the Cargo Truckers Solidarity

Union, told.

The truckers say they are “desperate” due

to sharp rises in fuel costs – with inflation

in South Korea at its highest level in over

a decade according to official data last


“When fuel prices drop, it’s reflected very

quickly by lowering freight fees,” Cho said.

“But that’s not the case when fuel prices

rise. Our livelihood is at stake.”

Loud music blared out from a van parked

near a port in Incheon , AFP reporters saw,

as dozens of trucks lined up the road, flying

flags hoisted on bamboo canes.

Similar protests were happening across

the country – more than 7,000 people

took part in the protests at 14 locations,

according to the land ministry.

JULY 2022 64



exports armored

land vehicles to


Turkish land vehicles manufacturer

Katmerciler, which already has strong

business relations in Africa, is exporting

its 4x4 Tactical Wheeled Armored Combat

Vehicle Hızır to Gambia, according to a

Turkish defense site.

DefenseTurk said in a report based on

open-source information and images, that

the company, which previously exported to

Kenya, Uganda and an undisclosed country,

is now selling its Hızır vehicles to Gambia.

Last year in August, it was reported

that Gambia signed an agreement with

Katmerciler for the purchase of the vehicle

in question, but there has yet been no

official announcement on the issue.

The DefenseTurk report said recent images

also circulating on social media reveal

that camouflaged Hızır vehicles are being

delivered to the African country.

Furkan Katmerci, deputy chairperson of the

Executive Board of Katmerciler, previously

said that the company’s “export move

toward friendly countries from different

parts of the world, particularly Africa,


In March 2021, the Gambian delegation

headed by Gambian Defense Minister Seikh

Omar Faye visited Turkey where he was

welcomed by Turkey’s National Defense

Minister Hulusi Akar.

During the meetings views were exchanged

on bilateral and regional security, defense

matters and cooperation opportunities in

the defense industry.

An updated Military Cooperation and

Training Agreement between the two

countries was also signed by Akar and Faye

following the talks.

The fully indigenous Hızır is a

400-horsepower vehicle, which provides

high protection against mines and

handmade explosives. It was produced

for conflict conditions with high

maneuverability and ballistic fortification.

It was designed to perform well under

conditions of intense conflict in rural

and urban areas, providing high-level

protection. Having been developed to meet

NATO standards and successfully passing

all performance and explosion tests, the

vehicle was approved by an independent

international testing organization.

Katmerciler in July 2021 signed a contract

with the Kenyan Defense Ministry to

provide the African country with armored

vehicle products including the Hızır.

The contract, worth $91.4 million, was

dubbed the company’s largest single export


JULY 2022 66

Fisker surpasses


reservations for

Fisker Ocean

SUV and reveals


details about its

second vehicle,

the Fisker PEAR

Fisker Inc. — passionate developer of

the world’s most sustainable electric

vehicles and advanced mobility solutions

— announced that reservations for its

all-electric Fisker Ocean SUV surpassed

50,000. The company also revealed

significant additional details about its

second vehicle, the Fisker PEAR (“Personal

Electric Automotive Revolution”).

The Fisker Ocean will start production at

a carbon-neutral factory in Austria on Nov.

17, 2022, with the base Sport trim priced

at $37,499 before incentives*. The Extreme

trim level is priced at $68,999 and delivers

an estimated range of over 350 miles**.

The Fisker PEAR will be fully revealed

in the second half of 2023 and enter

production at a plant owned by

Fisker partner Foxconn in 2024. With

development well underway, prototype

testing is expected to begin at the end of


“The impressive number of reservations

for the Fisker Ocean proves there’s huge

interest in our brand and in electric

vehicles,” CEO Henrik Fisker said. “The

over 3,200 reservations already for the

Fisker PEAR indicate this revolutionary

mobility device, designed for city dwellers,

demonstrates customers are ready for

Fisker to deliver the 21st century’s most

innovative vehicle. The Fisker PEAR’s cool

new features and technologies – and

affordable pricing below $29,900 – are

designed specifically for the customer of

the future.”

The Fisker PEAR is a sporty crossover,

smaller than the Fisker Ocean SUV.

The Fisker PEAR will have the first-ever

Fisker Houdini trunk, an alternative to

traditional rear cargo hatches. Intended

for a metropolitan lifestyle, Fisker PEAR ‘s

interior will offer a new level of storage for

its segment. Design-wise, the beltline and

side window area are extremely low, with a

large, wraparound windscreen affording a

commanding view when driving. The Fisker

PEAR will be available in rear-wheel-drive

(single motor) and all-wheel-drive (dual

motor) configurations featuring four levels

of option packages.

The Fisker PEAR offers two battery packs,

with the larger Hyper Range pack targeted

at over 310 miles and like the Fisker Ocean,

will feature the Fisker SolarSky panoramic

roof, adding emissions-free range to the


Fisker promises to provide even more

detail about the Fisker PEAR throughout


JULY 2022 70

Volvo CE first in the world to deliver construction

machine built using fossil-free steel to customer

In the latest step on its path toward carbon

neutrality, Volvo Construction Equipment

(Volvo CE) becomes the first manufacturer

to deliver a construction machine built

using fossil-free steel to a customer.

This demonstrates the fast-tracking of

innovation to real-world solutions as

companies across the value chain come

together to drive change.

The A30G articulated hauler built using

fossil-free steel was handed over by

President of Volvo CE Melker Jernberg to

long-standing customer NCC, at a ceremony

hosted by LeadIt – the Leadership Group

for Industry Transition – in conjunction

with the United Nations environmental

meeting Stockholm +50. It was attended by

John Kerry, US Special Presidential Envoy

to Climate and Annika Strandhäll, Swedish

Minister for Climate.

The move comes just nine months after

the company unveiled the world’s first

vehicle concept using fossil-free steel, as

part of the testing of the implementation

in an ordinary production setup. While

commercial introduction is expected to

be gradual with selected customers, this

speedy first handover is an important

milestone in the Group’s ambition to drive

industry transformation towards global

climate goals. The A30G is produced at

Volvo CE’s Braås facility in Sweden, using

the existing manufacturing process,

with fossil-free steel from Swedish steel

company SSAB.

Melker Jernberg says: “We are sure that to

succeed in decarbonizing the construction

industry, actors in the value chain will

need to collaborate and act. Thanks to our

strong partnerships with other driven and

forward-thinking companies, we are now

able to lead the change towards fossil-free

construction and be the first to deliver

a machine built using fossil-free steel to

a customer. Turning commitments into

actions is key to building the world we

want to live in.”

Tomas Carlsson, CEO and President of

NCC, says: “NCC has a firm commitment

to contribute to sustainable development.

We are working determinedly and

systematically to reach that target, which

includes selecting machines that live up to

our high demands. As demonstrated in this

great example, it takes strong and proactive

partnerships between several players to

make the sustainable shift possible.”

As part of its Science-Based Targets

commitment, Volvo CE is set to achieve

net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by

2040. Alongside the electrification of its

machines, the company recognizes the

importance of reducing its carbon footprint

across its entire value chain. This includes

the raw materials used in its products, of

which steel is a major component. The

production using fossil-free steel in Volvo

CE’s machines and components will be

gradual and depend on aspects such as

steel availability.

JULY 2022 72

China in talks with automakers on EV subsidy extension

China is in talks with automakers about

extending costly subsidies for electric

vehicles (EV) that were set to expire in

2022, aiming to keep a key market growing

as the broader economy slows, three

people familiar with the matter said.

The move by policymakers comes as the

world’s second-biggest economy has

slowed sharply – and auto sales along with

it – after cities led by Shanghai imposed

tight COVID-19 lockdowns from March. The

curbs have shut stores, disrupted supply

chains and slashed spending, including on

new homes.

Government departments including the

Ministry of Information and Industrial

Technology (MIIT) are considering a

continuation of subsidies to EV buyers in

2023, said the people, who declined to be

named as the discussions were private.

China’s expensive incentive program has

been credited with producing the world’s

largest EV market. Since the subsidies

began in 2009, some 100 billion yuan

($14.8 billion) have been handed out

to buyers including commercial fleet

operators up to the end-2021, according to

an estimate by Shi Ji, an auto analyst with

China Merchants Bank International.

The full terms of the 2023 extension,

including the amount of the subsidies and

which vehicles would qualify for them,

have not been finalized, the people with

knowledge of the matter said.

One specific measure under review would

roll back a planned purchase tax increase

for qualified electric and partly electric

vehicles, two people briefed on the

discussions told Reuters.

For this year, there is no purchase tax for

such vehicles, but the government had

planned to raise the tax to 10% of the

purchase price in 2023. Instead, the rate

would be raised to just 5%, they said.

Subsidies have been available for cars

made by all automakers including non-

Chinese players like EV giant Tesla O, which

has a factory in Shanghai and is the only

foreign automaker with a top-selling EV.

The MIIT and Ministry of Finance didn’t

immediately respond to requests for


The EV subsidy scheme was originally

scheduled to be phased out by the end of

2020, but Beijing extended it for two years

to spur demand in the wake of the COVID


The government also cut the number of

subsidies per vehicle over the years as

demand surged and manufacturing costs

fell. For example, the subsidy for a plugin

hybrid with a range of more than 300

kilometers (186 miles) was cut by about

20% to the equivalent of about $1,900.

EVs for $4,000

The program of incentives for buying what

China calls new-energy vehicles (NEV) has

stoked purchases of cars with a longer

driving range in particular, as it has raised

the threshold on vehicles qualifying for the

subsidies over the years.

In the highly developed China EV market,

JULY 2022 74

smaller battery-powered city cars, most

of which don’t qualify for subsidies, make

up 40% of EV sales, according to auto

consultancy JATO, and cost on average

just under $4,000. That compares with

more than $26,000 in the United States

for equivalent models. Subsidies are now

targeted at bigger models, with a driving

range of more than 300 kilometers per

charge and priced under 300,000 yuan

($44,459). China’s NEV sales increased 45%

year-on-year in April to 299,000, according

to data from the China Association of

Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM), while

across the whole auto sector some 1.18

million vehicles were sold. But that jump

was at a much slower pace than growth in

the previous month when sales more than

doubled from a year earlier.

CAAM has urged the government to

consider additional help for the industry.

Overall, April vehicle sales were down

almost 48% from a year earlier, data from

the industry group showed.

Some local governments, including

Guangdong and Chongqing, had also

rolled out stimulus measures to subsidies

consumers who exchange their old

combustion engine vehicles for new EVs in


In what would be a separate move, stateowned

newspaper China Securities Journal

reported that officials would introduce

subsidies from June to encourage more

rural buyers to purchase cars including

NEVs, with payouts of up to 5,000 yuan

($740) per vehicle. Shanghai’s municipal

government is also considering how it can

kickstart spending after a drastic wipeout

of vehicle sales in China’s commercial

and financial hub in April. According to

the Shanghai Automobile Sales Trade

Association, not a single new car was sold

in the city of 25 million people during last

month’s stringent lockdown.





Design grows

production amid

surging global

demand for its


Porsche 911

Theon Design has significantly expanded its

production capabilities with the opening of

a new, purpose-built facility, and a series of

expert new staff joining the team. Theon

Design’s expansion is driven by surging

international demand for its bespoke,

exactingly developed, design-led Porsche

911 (964) based commissions, which are

offered for sale in every major global


Founded in 2016 by Adam Hawley, a car

designer, and business and marketing

expert Lucinda Argy, Theon comprises

experts in automotive design, engineering,

engine and chassis development, along

with trim and vehicle manufacturing. It is

driven by a desire to build the perfect aircooled

Porsche 911, one that combines the

aesthetics and analogue driver involvement

of a classic with modern

comfort, driveability and performance.

Hawley, who spent 20 years as a designer

working for leading automotive OEMs, such

as BMW,

Jaguar and Lotus, explains: “Our goal is to

enhance the Porsche 911 formula, applying

an OEM-like approach, using Computer

Aided Design (CAD) and manufacture to

deliver the highest

quality and finish – all while honouring

Stuttgart’s rich heritage and engineering


For each 911 (964) based commission,

every component is 3D scanned and

modelled, enabling Theon to assemble

each car to the tightest possible tolerances,

and create a unique, enhanced 911. A

wide range of engines are available – from

285bhp 3.6-litre, 370bhp 3.8-litre and

400bhp naturally-aspirated options to

forced induction, with both turbocharging

and supercharging also offered.

Unprecedented global demand

Clients from around the world have been

drawn in ever growing numbers to Theon’s


proposition, captivated by the prospect of

a classic Porsche 911 that incorporates 3D


exhaustively engineered OEM+ quality,

along with complete personalisation

potential; customers are more eager than

ever to realise their Porsche 911 fantasy.

Hawley comments: “We are delighted to

have such a passionate client base, with

whom we closely collaborate on each

bespoke commission. We have been

equally thrilled by the surge in demand for

our cars over the past 18 months; Theon

Design has an expanding order bank of

Porsche enthusiasts from across the globe,

with cars in build for customers in Belgium,

Chile, North America and Italy, on top of

multiple cars for the UK. These customers

will join our growing group of existing

clients in Europe, North & South America,

and Asia - the ‘Theon owners club’ if you

will – a truly international community. It

means a great deal to have such interest

in what we do as a company, and that our

passion-driven creations, underpinned

by the team’s obsessive attention detail,

resonate with enthusiasts around the


Build slots are now open for 2023.

Breaking new ground: purpose-built

design and production complex

To meet growing international demand,

Theon has been significantly expanded,

with an all-new

manufacturing and design facility. A

proudly British operation, Theon’s new

state state-of-the-art base is located in

Deddington, Oxfordshire, nestled in the

heart of the UK’s famed ‘Motorsport

Valley’. Theon Design’s location means

it is ideally placed to further develop its

partnerships with high-end automotive

suppliers, leveraging the region’s

unparalleled motorsport and highperformance

road car expertise.

The facility is constructed on a multi-acre

site and features a design studio along with

production hall, enabling final assembly

of multiple commissions to be carried

out in parallel, as well as an engine build

shop. The new building increases Theon’s

footprint by 200%, with its previous HQ


repurposed to focus solely on restoration

and hand forming of body panels.

JULY 2022 78

New Fiat Doblo

production shifts

to Spain from


The new generation of the light commercial

vehicle Fiat Doblo, which has been

produced in Turkish automaker Tofaş’s

factory in the northwestern province of

Bursa for 22 years will soon be produced at

the Vigo factory in Galicia, Spain, according

to a company statement.

Tofaş, which made the related statement to

the Public Disclosure Platform (KAP), said

that the new Fiat Doblo will be produced

at Stellantis’ factory. Tofaş is a joint venture

of Turkish conglomerate Koç Holding and

Fiat. Stellantis was formed in 2021 through

the merger between France’s PSA and Fiat


“Studies and evaluations on new

products to be produced at the Tofaş

factory continue, including extending

the production of the current Fiat Doblo

model, which is expected to continue until

the end of 2022, for Turkey, North America,

Canada, the Middle East and Africa, in line

with the demand from export markets, and

the finalized important information will be

shared with the public,” Tofaş said in the


With this decision, light commercial models

of Fiat, Peugeot, Opel and Citroen within

the Stellantis group will be produced on the

same platform. Toyota’s light commercial

model has also been produced in

partnership with Stellantis for an extended


Brands such as Ferrari, Abarth, Alfa Romeo,

Chrysler, Citroen, Dodge, DS, Fiat, Jeep,

Lancia, Maserati, Opel, Peugeot, Ram and

Vauxhall operate within Stellantis.

In the official statement made by Stellantis,

it was noted that the new Doblo will be

presented to the consumer with a fully

electric option. It said that the fifthgeneration

Doblo will be Fiat’s third

100% electric model and also provided

information about the vehicle’s internal

combustion engines.

Accordingly, a 1.5-liter 100-horsepower

diesel engine will be used in the

manual transmission option, while the

130-horsepower version of this engine will

be offered for sale with both manual and

8-speed automatic transmissions.

The Doblo will also feature a 1.2-liter petrol

engine that produces 100 horsepower.

In the electric version of the new Doblo,

a 100 kW electric motor and a 50 kWh

battery will be installed.

With this combination, the range of the

Doblo is expected to be 280 kilometers

(174 miles) with a top speed of 130 kph.

The company has also said that the vehicle

will offer 260 Nm of torque.

Shares in Tofaş dropped more than 7% after

the announcement that the production

was shifted to Spain.

The production of Fiat Doblo, which has

been produced in Turkey for 22 years,

started in Tofaş in September 2000,

with the decision of Fiat to carry out the

production of a model in a country other

than Italy for the first time in the world.

The Doblo, which came off the bands as

a model born from scratch in Turkey, was

produced in 100,000 units in the first year

of its manufacturing. In the same year, 90%

of the total Doblo production was exported

to 43 countries.

Doblo, which was sent to all European

countries in 2001, constituted 83% of

Tofaş’s total exports at that time.

In 2006, the production of the second

generation of Doblo started. The vehicle

won the Commercial Vehicle of the Year

award in Europe that year. The next

generation of the Doblo was also named

Commercial Vehicle of the Year in Europe

in 2011.

Some 75% of the total production of more

than 2 million units of Doblo, which has

been offered to world markets in four

generations, has been exported to more

than 80 countries around the globe so far.

Tofaş, in which Koç Holding and FCA Italy

SPA are equal shareholders, manufactures

the Fiat Egea family’s sedan, hatchback,

station wagon and cross models, as well as

Fiorino models, in addition to the Doblo.

The annual production capacity of the

company’s factory is 450,000 per year,

according to the statement.

While total production of Tofaş decreased

in 2021, Doblo production increased.

Producing a total of 250,630 vehicles

in 2020 at the factory in Bursa, Tofaş

produced 68,798 Doblos in the same year.

Tofaş, whose total production decreased

to 228,810 in 2021, increased its Doblo

production to 77,520 units last year.

The figures reveal that about 35% of the

company’s total production consists of


JULY 2022 80

Baykar becomes

top exporter

in Turkey’s


aerospace sector

Turkish drone magnate Baykar

outperformed major companies in the

defense and aerospace industry in terms

of sales abroad last year, becoming the

export champion of the sector, according to

official data.

The Turkish Exporters Assembly (TIM)

recently announced the top exporters in

the 27 sectors, revealing that the export

titan of the defense and aerospace industry

has changed after many years.

Baykar, developer of the world-renowned

Bayraktar TB2 unmanned combat aerial

vehicle (UCAV) and the newer Akıncı stateof-the-art

UCAV, surpassed the exports of

Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) which

produces aircraft structures for global

aviation industry companies.

Baykar is constantly increasing its export

income with the contracts it makes.

The company made $664 million in

UCAV exports last year. This amount

corresponded to more than 80% of the

company’s 2021 turnover.

Baykar developed and launched the

Bayraktar Mini UAV, Bayraktar TB2 and

Bayraktar Akıncı UCAVs with its own

research and development (R&D) projects.

All three platforms achieved export success

in addition to being used in Turkey.

The company is currently preparing for

the launch of a vertical takeoff and landing

(VTOL) Bayraktar UCAV and the National

Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle System

(MIUS). The MIUS was named Bayraktar

Kızılelma (“red apple”), referring to an

expression in Turkish mythology that

symbolizes goals, ideas or dreams that are

far away, but are more attractive the further

that distance may be.

Making the first national UAV export in

2012, Baykar signed contracts with 21

countries for the Bayraktar TB2, the battleproven

drone used in Syria, Libya, Karabakh

and Ukraine. An export contract was signed

with three countries for the Bayraktar Akıncı

as well, which was delivered to the Turkish

Armed Forces (TSK) most recently. Within

the scope of the contracts, the Bayraktar

Akıncı and ground systems are expected

to be delivered periodically starting from

2023. Baykar continues to conduct export

negotiations with a number of countries for

the Bayraktar TB2 and Bayraktar Akıncı.

JULY 2022 84

BMW seeks

new ways to

minimize natural

gas dependence

BMW is exploring new energy investments,

including solar, geothermal and hydrogen,

to lower its dependence on natural gas, the

carmaker’s production chief told, warning

an embargo on Russian gas would bring the

industry to a standstill.

The carmaker, which relied on natural gas

for 54% of its energy consumption in 2021,

is examining where it can add solar panels

to its plants and developing plans with local

authorities to transport hydrogen to its

plant in Leipzig, Germany.

“Hydrogen is very well-suited to lower or

even fully compensate for gas demand,”

Milan Nedeljkovic said.

“Our industry accounts for around 37%

of German natural gas consumption,” he

said when asked what would happen to

BMW’s plants in the event of a halt to gas

deliveries from Russia. “Not just BMW

but the entire sector would come to a


BMW’s plans reflect wider preparations

underway across German industry to shift

away from Russian gas and come up with

a system to ration available supplies in the

event of a sudden halt to deliveries.

Beyond Germany, a new plant in Hungary’s

Debrecen, which BMW has said will be the

world’s first auto factory to run entirely

without fossil fuels, will rely heavily on

solar, Nedelkjovic said, adding that the

carmaker was also looking into using

geothermal energy.

Geothermal power is more stable than

weather-dependent renewables but has

not seen growth or investment comparable

to wind or solar partly due to high upfront

costs and complex licensing processes for


Asked about the potential of nuclear

energy, which accounts for around half

of Hungary’s energy supply but is being

phased out in Germany, Nedeljkovic said:

“Nuclear energy can be a stabilizing factor,

particularly in these volatile times. For our

own production, we rely on regenerative

energy sources.”

JULY 2022 86

Polygiene BioMaster technology helps

power electric car sales

Chinese Electric car manufacturer, NIO, is

hoping to continue to be a leader in the

automotive industry by providing longlasting

inbuilt surface protection before

their cars leave the production line with

Polygiene BioMasterTM antimicrobial


Polygiene BioMaster inhibits the build-up

of microbes on surfaces between cleans

keeping car interiors fresher and more

hygienic. The surface protection lasts 24/7

for the lifetime of the vehicle and can be

applied to almost any substrate without

compromising the structural integrity of

the end-product.

Since the beginning of the pandemic,

awareness of the importance of keeping

surfaces free of microbes has been sharper

than ever, so it’s little surprise that car

owners are among those keen to ensure

that their vehicle cabins are as clean as

they possibly can be.

Car interiors are generally cleaned less

frequently than other surfaces and areas

of our day-to-day life. A recent study found

that some items in almost every modern

car, including cup-holders, seat belts and

dashboard buttons are potential hot-spots

for bacteria. Swabs showed between

100-200 individual bacterial types and the

most heavily contaminated samples had

between 2,000 and 4,000 live bacteria

per swab. (Professor John Ward from the

department of biochemical engineering at

University College London)

Initially, trials have been successful in

incorporating Polygiene BioMaster coatings

into NIO Haptex seats. Further trials are

being extended to other potential hotspots

including handles and steering


The car manufacturer, with headquarters

in Shanghai, specializes in designing and

developing driverless electric vehicles. The

NIO brand is considered to be one of the

most viable electric vehicle pioneers and

some industry experts predict it will soon

be seen as a global leader alongside brands

such as Tesla.

Among the models containing Polygiene

BioMaster technology will be the NIO ET7

- NIO’s first saloon, a direct Tesla Model

S rival, the top-of-the-line model has a

ginormous 150kWh battery pack, with a

combined 641bhp from its twin e-motors

powertrain, 0-62mph takes 3.9 seconds.

Dahai Meng, Head of Environmental &

Material at NIO says, “In order to give

our users a more pleasant, hygienic, and

comfortable driving experience, ET7 uses

silver ion antibacterial additives on the

PU leather seats. Polygiene BioMaster

technology is the silver lining that will help

NIO win in the future”.

“This is a breakthrough in the transport

category which we now are heavily

investing in. The automotive industry is

a very interesting area with huge growth

potential, and to start working with one of

the most innovative cars of the future, is

an important milestone for us”, says Ulrika

Björk, CEO of Polygiene.

JULY 2022 88

Japan’s Nissan plans

‘game changing’

electric car batteries

Nissan is working with the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space

Administration (NASA) on a new type of battery for electric

vehicles that promise to charge quicker and be lighter yet safe,

the Japanese automaker said on April 8.

The all-solid-state battery will replace the lithium-ion battery

now in use for a 2028 product launch and a pilot plant launch

in 2024, according to Nissan.

The all-solid-state battery is stable enough to be used in

pacemakers. When finished, it will be about half the size of the

current battery and fully charge in 15 minutes, instead of a few


The collaboration with the U.S. space program, as well as

the University of California San Diego, involves the testing of

various materials, Corporate Vice President Kazuhiro Doi told


“Both NASA and Nissan need the same kind of battery,” he

said. The goal is to avoid the use of expensive materials like

rare metals, which are needed for lithium-ion batteries.

Nissan is also counting on its historical experience with the

Leaf electric car, which first hit the market in 2010 and has sold

more than half a million units globally, although the battery

technology is different.

Other automakers, including Japanese rival Toyota Motor

Corp., as well as Volkswagen of Germany and U.S. automakers

Ford Motor Co. and General Motors Co., are working on allsolid-state


Recently, General Motors and Japanese automaker Honda

Motor Co. said they were working together on next-generation

electric vehicles.

But Nissan Executive Vice President Kunio Nakaguro said

Nissan is extremely competitive and that the battery it is

developing promises to be “a game-changer.

JULY 2022

Turkey to



made submarine

in 6 months

President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said that

Turkey expects to complete and deliver

the domestically made submarines to the

Turkish Naval Forces Command within five

to six months.

Speaking at a ceremony for the docking

of the Hızır Reis submarine and the first

welding of the Selman Reis submarine at

Gölcük Shipyard Command in northwestern

Kocaeli province, the president said

Turkey aims to take into service a new

domestically made submarine each

year, to ensure that the navy has six new

submarines by 2027.

“Our submarines, which weigh 1,856

tons above water and 2,042 tons when

submerged, can go to a depth of more than

300 meters. Our submarines, which can

operate for three days underwater, can stay

in water for 12 weeks without the need

for resupply. The submarines, which are

equipped with effective weapons against

underwater, surface and land targets,

have the ability to launch various types of

torpedoes, missiles, and mines. We are

also integrating our national torpedo Akya

and our national anti-ship missile Atmaca

into our submarines with air-independent

propulsion capability,” Erdoğan said.

The president added that the Hızır Reis

submarine will be put into service in 2023

and the Selman Reis in 2027.

“Starting from this year, we will put one of

our submarines into service every year, and

we will add six new type submarines to our

navy until 2027.”

“We have realized many projects that

will render our navy stronger and more

deterrent for the security of the Blue

Homeland,” Erdoğan added.

“Nearly 30 domestic companies of ours

have assumed responsibility in this critical

project with their designs and productions

for submarine platforms and underwater

technology. Moreover, many other

companies of ours are contributing as

subcontractors to the production process

of our submarines. I thank on behalf

of myself and my nation all who have

contributed to the production of these

submarines that will add to our strength in

seas,” the president said.

Erdoğan also highlighted the recent boost

in Turkey’s defense industry, saying that

the reliance on external sources has been


“While the foreign dependency in the

defense industry was 80% when we took

office, we have today reached a domestic

and national production rate of over 70%.

We are currently carrying out more than

750 defense industry projects half of

which we have launched in the past five

years. We have realized many projects

that will render our navy stronger and

more deterrent for the security of the Blue

Homeland,” he added.

The president also added that Turkey’s

preparations for the domestically designed

submarine, MILGEM, which is expected

to be built with mostly domestically

developed systems also continues. “We

will begin building the MILGEM in 2025 in

Gölcük Shipyard,” he said.

The MILGEM (National Ship) marine

platforms project is a Turkish warship

program that aims to develop multipurpose

corvettes and frigates that can be deployed

in a range of missions.

These include reconnaissance, surveillance,

early warning, anti-submarine warfare,

surface-to-surface and surface-to-air

warfare, and amphibious operations.

JULY 2022 90

Hyundai pledges to invest more

than $10B in US up to 2025

South Korean carmaker Hyundai pledged

it would invest an additional $5 billion in

the United States by 2025 to strengthen

collaboration with U.S. firms in advanced

technology. The announcement came

as President Joe Biden tended to both

business and security interests, as he

wrapped up a three-day trip to South

Korea. The investments are for robotics,

urban air mobility, autonomous driving and

artificial intelligence, the group said.

Hyundai Motor Group, which houses

Hyundai Motor and Kia Corp, announced

plans to invest $5.5 billion in Georgia to

build electric vehicle (EV) and battery

facilities. The new investment brings

its planned U.S. total through 2025 to

about $10 billion, above the $7.4 billion it

announced last year. The world’s thirdbiggest

automaker by vehicles sales did

not say where in the United States the

additional $5 billion would be invested.

At a time of high inflation and simmering

dissatisfaction at home, Biden emphasized

his global mission to strengthen the

American economy by convincing foreign

companies like Hyundai to launch new

operations in the U.S.

“Thanks to Hyundai, we are being part

of this transformative automobile sector

and accelerating us on a road where we’re

going to be handing to the United States

of all-electric future,” Biden told a news


“Electric vehicles are good for our climate

goals, but they’re also good for jobs,” he

said. “And they’re good for business.”

Standing next to him after a meeting,

Hyundai Motor Group chairperson Euisun

Chung said, “I am confident that this new

plant in Georgia will help us become a

leader in the American automobile industry

with regards to building high-quality

electric vehicles for our U.S. customers.”

The auto group said it would invest 21

trillion won ($16 billion) through 2030 to

expand its EV business in South Korea.

The major U.S. investment by a South

Korean company was a reflection of

how the countries are leveraging their

longstanding military ties into a broader

economic partnership.

Earlier in his trip, Biden toured a computer

chip plant run by Samsung, the Korean

electronics giant that plans to build a $17

billion production facility in Texas.

Biden has made greater economic

cooperation with South Korea a priority,

saying that “it will bring our two countries

even closer together, cooperating even

more closely than we already do, and help

strengthen our supply chains, secure them

against shocks and give our economies a

competitive edge.”

The pandemic and Russia’s invasion

of Ukraine in February have forced a

deeper rethinking of national security

and economic alliances. Coronavirus

outbreaks led to shortages of computer

chips, autos and other goods that the

Biden administration says can ultimately

be fixed by having more manufacturing

domestically and with trusted allies.

Hyundai’s Georgia factory is expected to

employ 8,100 workers and produce up

to 300,000 vehicles annually, with plans

for construction to begin early next year

and production to start in 2025 near the

unincorporated town of Ellabell.

A senior Biden administration official,

who briefed reporters on the condition of

anonymity, said there was no contradiction

between Biden encouraging investors

to embrace union workforces while his

administration does “whatever it can” to

encourage investment and bring jobs to

the U.S.

JULY 2022 94

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