South Dakota Nurse - August 2022

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<strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong><br />

NURSE<br />


Vol. 13 • Number 3 Quarterly publication distributed to approximately 16,450 Registered <strong>Nurse</strong>s and Licensed Practical <strong>Nurse</strong>s in <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong><br />

AUGUST <strong>2022</strong><br />

By M. Claire May, <strong>South</strong><br />

<strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Foundation<br />

Community Board Member<br />

Drive, Dedication, Hard Work, and Mindfulness<br />

Assuredly, it does take plenty<br />

of drive, dedication, hard work,<br />

and mindfulness to complete a<br />

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)<br />

at Northern Kentucky University<br />

in Highlands Heights, KY, in<br />

<strong>2022</strong>. In addition to her graduate<br />

studies, this <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s<br />

Foundation 2021 SDNF Scholarship recipient fulfills her<br />

responsibilities to the <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> State University (SDSU),<br />

Aberdeen, College of Nursing Accelerated BSN program<br />

students as a full-time lecturer. Furthermore, she is on call as<br />

needed as an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) staff nurse at Avera<br />

St. Luke's, Aberdeen, SD. This phenomenally focused woman<br />

is none other than Instructor Lyncee Monson.<br />

Monson tells her story.<br />

“I was born and raised in [Groton, SD], graduating from<br />

Groton High School and [getting] my bachelor's in Nursing<br />

at Presentation College in Aberdeen, SD. My background<br />

in healthcare began in my teens when I took a position as<br />

a Certified Nursing Assistant at a local nursing home. I<br />

come from a long line of healthcare workers, and despite my<br />

desire to ‘do something different,’ I ended up accepting the<br />

calling and began my career as a Registered <strong>Nurse</strong> in 2001.<br />

“My clinical practice began on the Medical floor at<br />

Avera St. Luke's [Aberdeen, SD], and I soon went on to<br />

work in Intensive Care, Cardiac Rehab, and as a House<br />

Supervisor. In 2006, I also took an adjunct position as a<br />

clinical instructor and really enjoyed training nursing<br />

students. I continued to work as a clinical instructor for<br />

both PC [Presentation College] and SDSU. In 2014, I<br />

graduated with my Master's in Nursing Education from<br />

Western Governor's University [Salt Lake City, Utah].<br />

“In 2015 I took a full-time position at SDSU. I continue<br />

to keep an active clinical practice working as a staff nurse<br />

in both ICU and Cardiac Rehab. I live in rural Groton, SD,<br />

with my two daughters, Hailey and Hannah. I am excited<br />

that both of my daughters are interested in healthcare<br />

careers. Hailey, 19, is beginning her nursing courses this<br />

fall at SDSU in Brookings, and Hannah will be a junior at<br />

Groton High School.”<br />

current resident or<br />

Presort Standard<br />

US Postage<br />

PAID<br />

Permit #14<br />

Princeton, MN<br />

55371<br />

Monson chose the DNP program as it is a practicefocused<br />

doctorate. “I am very passionate about education.<br />

I believe that effective nurse educators have a strong<br />

background in practice and should be able to integrate<br />

current practice with progressive, evidence-based theory.”<br />

“While the most common doctorate for educators<br />

is the PhD, the DNP can be better suited for the nurse<br />

educator. A PhD is focused on research, while the DNP<br />

prepared educator has a strong background in clinical,<br />

are considered practice experts, and can help students<br />

effectively integrate evidence-based practice into all<br />

elements of patient care,” she elaborated. Monson’s bottom<br />

line is patient safety and promoting collaboration amongst<br />

professions to assure the best possible care for patients.<br />

“The DNP nurse will evaluate research, collate<br />

best practices, and initiate practice changes to improve<br />

healthcare practice. Currently, I am working on an<br />

onboarding program for new graduate nurses to ease the<br />

transition into practice, improve critical thinking skills, and<br />

build resiliency amongst new nurses through simulation<br />

activities, didactic coursework, and reflective discussion.”<br />

Monson seeks to influence change in the nursing<br />

practice. “I hope to work with nurse scientists to lead<br />

change in my practice setting where currently only one<br />

bedside nurse has a doctorate.” In healthcare, change is<br />

inevitable and necessary to assure good patient outcomes.<br />

Monson clarified her role as an educator. “I am<br />

challenged to facilitate effective learning, communicate<br />

clearly, and help students develop critical thinking skills.<br />

Through assessment, I can identify the experiences and<br />

skills that the student brings and implement teaching<br />

approaches that affirms the student and supports them in<br />

constructing meaningful nursing knowledge and skills.”<br />

“My greatest strength is probably my ability to bring<br />

a personal touch to teaching and patient care in the form<br />

of humor and storytelling,” interjected Monson. “I find<br />

that adding humor helps to reduce stress and tension,<br />

improves retention of information, and promotes creative<br />

understanding. Demonstrating a good sense of humor can<br />

help the new graduate nurse to develop their own coping<br />

strategies, which will benefit them throughout their<br />

careers and help to relieve stress, prevent burnout, and<br />

increase job satisfaction.”<br />

She added, “I like to interweave my instruction<br />

with personal stories to help them visualize a scenario,<br />

Index<br />

<strong>2022</strong> <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Foundation Scholarships .. 3<br />

President’s Message .........................3<br />

District News ..............................4<br />

<strong>2022</strong> SDNA Annual Convention ...............5<br />

SDNA Candidates for Office. .................6<br />

Welcome New Members. .....................7<br />

<strong>2022</strong> SDNA Calendar of Events. ...............7<br />

helping them retain the content and principles that<br />

I am trying to teach. It is important that education<br />

includes the opportunity to role model patient advocacy,<br />

professionalism, and the EBP change process. Storytelling<br />

is a fundamental component of effective teaching, and<br />

sharing my personal stories of how patient advocacy and<br />

EBP positively impacted a patient helps light that fire in<br />

our next generation of nurses.”<br />

Monson's doctorate project is titled “Supporting<br />

New <strong>Nurse</strong> Transition into Practice: Development of<br />

a Structured Orientation Program.” “This project was<br />

designed at the request of my practice facility in order<br />

to create an organized approach to orientation of new<br />

graduates to facilitate an improved transition into<br />

practice. This project has included the restructuring of the<br />

orientation competency checklist, integration of a learning<br />

management system, development of didactic coursework,<br />

creation of an unfolding simulation, and design of a<br />

debriefing exercise to promote critical thinking and<br />

resiliency in practice," she said.<br />

Not only is she driven by her passion for the profession,<br />

Monson also finds inspiration through her colleagues and<br />

family. "I have been lucky enough to have an amazing<br />

group of family and friends that have helped me become<br />

who I am today. Professionally, I have been exposed to so<br />

many amazing nurses, both educators and practice nurses.<br />

Lastly, I certainly wouldn't be the person I am today<br />

without learning from the patients and students that have<br />

been in my life. They have all taught me the strength of<br />

the human spirit!"<br />

On a personal note, Monson and her daughters enjoy<br />

camping, girl trips, and will “travel to anywhere with a<br />

beach.” Monson’s bucket list includes “a trip to Europe.”<br />

The fourth member of the family, Rylee, a Treeing Walker<br />

Coonhound, does not do much traveling with the family<br />

because “she howls too much.”<br />

“Drive, dedication, hard work, and insight/<br />

mindfulness” are the pillars that anchor Monson as she<br />

completes the excellent work of the DNP that she has<br />

begun. As a future Doctor of Nursing Practice, Monson<br />

sees "the potential to revolutionize the current healthcare<br />

system and contribute meaningfully to the evolution of our<br />

profession in education, practice, research, and service to<br />

our communities.”<br />

The SDNF awards scholarships to nurses who reflect<br />

the foundation's education, research, and service purposes.<br />

Find details at https://sdnursesassociation.nursingnetwork.<br />

com/page/72461-scholarship-applications<br />

Auction Items Needed. .......................8<br />

Membership Application .....................8<br />

WHY NURSING? ..........................9<br />

American <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association Elects Jennifer Mensik<br />

Kennedy As New National President. .............9<br />

ANA’s Racial Reckoning Statement. ........... 10

Page 2 <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong> <strong>August</strong>, September, October <strong>2022</strong><br />

SDNA Board of Directors<br />

President<br />

Term: 2021-2023<br />

Deb Fischer Clemens<br />

District 10<br />

deb.fischerclemens@avera.org<br />

Vice President<br />

Term: 2021-2023<br />

Kay Foland<br />

District 1, 2, 3<br />

Office: 605.394.2878<br />

kay.foland@sdstate.edu<br />

Secretary<br />

Term: 2020-<strong>2022</strong><br />

Dawn R. Warren<br />

District 2<br />

Office: 605.791.6348<br />

dawn.warren@usd.edu<br />

Treasurer<br />

Term: 2021-2023<br />

Sara Watson<br />

District 5-7<br />

sara@prnpros.net<br />

Government Relations<br />

Committee (GRC) Chair<br />

Term: 2020-<strong>2022</strong><br />

Ashley Kingdon-Reese<br />

District 5-7<br />

Huron, SD<br />

AshleyK@IndependentHealthSD.com<br />

W: 605.352.4663<br />

President, District 1-3<br />

Term: 2020-<strong>2022</strong><br />

Linda Wolden<br />

lrwolden@gmail.com<br />

President, District 4<br />

Term: <strong>2022</strong>-2024<br />

Carrie Clausen-Hansen<br />

carrie.clausenhansen@yahoo.com<br />

President, District 5-7<br />

Term: 2020-2021<br />

Sara Watson<br />

sara@prnpros.net<br />

President, District 8 & 9<br />

Term: 2021-2023<br />

Venita Winterboer<br />

venita.winterboer@sdstate.edu<br />

President, District 10<br />

Term 2020-<strong>2022</strong><br />

Gala Woitte<br />

gwoitte@gmail.com<br />

Cell: 605-376-8639<br />

President, District 11<br />

Term: 2021-2023<br />

Charlene Bierema<br />

biecrn@yahoo.com<br />

SDNA Staff<br />

Eric Ollila<br />

Executive Director<br />

PO Box 1015 Pierre SD 57501<br />

Phone: 271.7708<br />

Fax: 888.600.1232<br />

contactus@sdnurses.org<br />

Revised Feb. 2021<br />

The SOUTH DAKOTA NURSE is published quarterly<br />

every February, May, <strong>August</strong> and November by the <strong>South</strong><br />

<strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association (a constituent member of<br />

the American <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association) and Arthur L. Davis<br />

Publishing Agency, Inc. All rights reserved by copyright.<br />

This newspaper or parts there of must not be reproduced in<br />

any form without permission in writing from the publishers.<br />


For advertising rates and information, please contact<br />

Arthur L. Davis Publishing Agency, Inc., PO Box 216,<br />

Cedar Falls, Iowa 50613, (800) 626-4081. SDNA and the<br />

Arthur L. Davis Publishing Agency, Inc. reserve the right<br />

to reject any advertisement. Responsibility for errors in<br />

advertising is limited to corrections in the next issue or<br />

refund of price of advertisement.<br />

Acceptance of advertising does not imply endorsement<br />

or approval by the <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association<br />

of products advertised, the advertisers, or the claims<br />

made. Rejection of an advertisement does not imply a<br />

product offered for advertising is without merit, or that<br />

the manufacturer lacks integrity, or that this association<br />

disapproves of the product or its use. SDNA and the Arthur<br />

L. Davis Publishing Agency, Inc. shall not be held liable<br />

for any consequences resulting from purchase or use of an<br />

advertiser’s product. Articles appearing in this publication<br />

express the opinions of the authors; they do not necessarily<br />

reflect views of the staff, board, or membership of SDNA<br />

or those of the national or local associations.<br />


ETC. <strong>2022</strong> deadlines for articles submitted to the <strong>South</strong><br />

<strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>: October 7 – November issue.<br />

The <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong> accepts and encourages<br />

manuscripts or editorials. We will determine which letters<br />

and articles are printed by the availability of publication<br />

space and appropriateness of the material. We welcome<br />

signed letters of 300 words or less, typed and double spaced<br />

and articles of 1,500 words or less. All materials should be<br />

mailed to: <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association, P.O. Box 1015,<br />

Pierre, SD 57501 or e-mailed to: contactus@sdnurses.org.<br />

The views expressed in the articles and editorials are those<br />

of the individual contributors and do not necessarily reflect<br />

the viewpoint of SDNA.<br />

<strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong> is the newsletter of the <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong><br />

<strong>Nurse</strong>s Association. Direct inquiries about SDNA or this<br />

newsletter to:<br />

<strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association<br />

PO Box 1015, Pierre, SD 57501<br />

Phone: 605-945-4265<br />

Fax: 1-888-600-1232<br />

Email: contactus@sdnurses.org<br />

Website: www.sdnursesassociation.org<br />

‘Like’ us on Facebook!<br />

www.facebook.com/sdnurses<br />


Our nurses<br />


• Up to $10,000 sign-on bonus<br />

• Work/life balance<br />

• Low-stress work environment<br />

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package<br />

Competitive wages<br />

• Flexible scheduling<br />

• Tuition reimbursement<br />

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training<br />

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support<br />

• New grads welcome!<br />

“I enjoy what I do every day, and look<br />

forward to more milestones in the future.”<br />

-Delany, RN<br />

To learn more or to apply, visit www.universalpediatrics.com

<strong>August</strong>, September, October <strong>2022</strong> <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong> Page 3<br />

<strong>2022</strong> <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s<br />

Foundation Scholarships<br />

October 1st Deadline<br />

President’s<br />

Message<br />

Carman Timmerman, EdD, RN (ret.)<br />

SDNF Treasurer and<br />

Scholarship Committee Chair<br />

With appreciation for the many individuals who’ve<br />

contributed to the <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Foundation,<br />

the <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Foundations is proud to offer<br />

these scholarships for nurses advancing their education.<br />

Here are the details about the <strong>2022</strong> scholarships:<br />

<strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Foundation<br />

Scholarship (1 available):<br />

Amount—$2000<br />

Purpose—To support a registered nurse pursuing<br />

a master’s or doctoral degree with the career goal of<br />

education program.<br />

Criteria<br />

1. Current <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> resident.<br />

2. Current <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> RN license.<br />

3. Member of SDNA for at least one year.<br />

4. Graduate student pursuing a master’s or doctoral<br />

degree in nursing or a related field in an<br />

accredited program with the goal of practicing<br />

nursing in a <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> high need area or<br />

teaching in a <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> baccalaureate or<br />

higher degree nursing education program.<br />

5. Cumulative GPA 3.0 or higher upon completion<br />

of highest degree, i.e., baccalaureate nursing<br />

program or master’s in nursing program.<br />

6. Career goals and personal qualities congruent<br />

with <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Foundation purposes.<br />

7. Evidence of leadership, compassion, involvement<br />

in professional organization(s), professional<br />

activities, and community service.<br />

Rita H. Walsh Scholarship (2 available):<br />

Amount—$2000<br />

Purpose—To support a person pursuing a nursing<br />

education. The scholarship will be awarded annually for<br />

the spring semester.<br />

Criteria (please note these are NEW, and<br />

BROADER criteria)<br />

1. Current <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> resident.<br />

2. Current <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> RN license if an RN.<br />

3. A student pursuing a bachelor’s degree (or higher)<br />

in nursing.<br />

4. Demonstrates the qualities of patient advocacy,<br />

patient education, compassion and leadership.<br />

Marianne M. Stenvig Scholarship<br />

(1 available):<br />

Amount—$1000<br />

Purpose—To support a male registered nurse in<br />

pursuit of his educational goals.<br />

Criteria<br />

1. Current <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> resident.<br />

2. Current <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> RN license.<br />

3. Male RN pursuing a graduate degree in nursing<br />

(preferred) or a related field in an accredited<br />

program.<br />

4. SDNA membership preferred.<br />

5. Career goals consistent with <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s<br />

Foundation purposes of education, research and<br />

service.<br />

6. Evidence of leadership, compassion, involvement<br />

in professional organization(s), professional<br />

activities, and community service.<br />

Dr. Carl and Leona Stadler Scholarship<br />

(1 available)<br />

Amount—$500 (may be funded for a second year if<br />

eligible)<br />

Purpose—To support a Native American student’s<br />

nursing education.<br />

Criteria<br />

1. <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> resident.<br />

2. Enrolled member of a recognized tribal nation in<br />

<strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong>.<br />

3. Admitted to the <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> State University<br />

College of Nursing.<br />

4. Documentation of enrollment in Semester 1 or 2<br />

of the standard undergraduate nursing major at<br />

Rapid City site.<br />

5. Documentation of tribal enrollment (form BIA-<br />

4432 or equivalent).<br />

6. Application must include a 500-word essay<br />

describing “My Passion for Learning.”<br />

7. Selected scholarship recipients who remain<br />

in good standing will be funded for a second<br />

consecutive year without reapplication.<br />

Scholarships’ Application Deadline:<br />

A postmark or email date of October 1, <strong>2022</strong> is<br />

the deadline for the <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Foundation<br />

Scholarships.<br />

Award Date for Scholarships: Fall <strong>2022</strong><br />

Applying for More Than One<br />

Scholarship:<br />

If you meet the criteria for more than one<br />

scholarship, consider applying for more than one<br />

scholarship.<br />

Application Materials for Scholarships:<br />

Access the <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association (SDNA)<br />

website at www.sdnursesassociation.org / <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong><br />

<strong>Nurse</strong>s Foundation / Scholarships. Alternatively,<br />

contact the <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association office at<br />

contactus@sdnurses.org or 605.945.4265.<br />

Questions About Scholarship Eligibility<br />

and Applications:<br />

Contact Carman Timmerman, SDNF Scholarship<br />

Chair and SDNF Treasurer, at 605.391.4053 or<br />

carmantimmerman@gmail.com.<br />

Supporting the <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong><br />

Foundation:<br />

The fact that these scholarships are available<br />

underscores the generosity of <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> nurses as<br />

well as their families and friends. We thank you for<br />

that generosity. If you are interested in donating to<br />

the <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Foundation, your gift will<br />

help sustain the Foundation’s efforts to endorse the<br />

nursing profession as SDNF promotes positive health<br />

care changes in <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong>. Please make your check<br />

payable to <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Foundation Fund<br />

and send your check to <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> Community<br />

Foundation ~ Box 296 ~ Pierre, SD 57501.<br />

SDNA Convention to<br />

be in Sioux Falls in<br />

October; and Time to<br />

pass Amendment D<br />

Deb Fischer Clemens, President, SDNA<br />

Happy Summer. I am not<br />

sure about you, but I am finding<br />

it hard to believe we only have<br />

half of the summer left. My<br />

advice is to take time to enjoy<br />

this <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> summer.<br />

One thing that brings my<br />

thoughts to the fall is the<br />

planning for our annual SDNA<br />

Convention. As chair of the<br />

planning committee, our group<br />

has put together a powerful group<br />

of nurse leaders to provide panel<br />

discussions. The convention Deb Fischertheme<br />

of “Better Together – Clemens<br />

<strong>Nurse</strong>s are Community” provides the opportunity to learn<br />

and discuss the roles and work of nurses in our community<br />

outside of the hospital and long-term care environment. As<br />

you consider attendance for the event on October 2nd & 3rd<br />

at the Sioux Falls Ramkota, plan to be wowed by the work<br />

of these community nurse leaders.<br />

We will hear about school nurses, community health<br />

workers, legislators, palliative care network and state<br />

department nurses. I am confident that it will be a<br />

valuable learning experience. I am excited to see you<br />

all and hear how you are all doing. Plan to bring an<br />

auction item.<br />

As I close this out let me add one thing about<br />

Medicaid Expansion. Effective Monday July 11th at<br />

5:00pm IM28 was pulled from the ballot by the sponsor.<br />

We are grateful to have all Medicaid Expansion<br />

supporters working together now to pass Amendment D.<br />

It is exciting to have the <strong>Dakota</strong>n for Health volunteers<br />

joining with the strongest, broadest, bipartisan coalition<br />

members. From the beginning as history tells us that<br />

a Constitutional Amendment is the way to achieve our<br />

goal of expansion for the working poor to have access to<br />

Medicaid by July 2023.<br />

Thank you in advance for any help you can provide<br />

in speaking to others and asking for support of<br />

Amendment D.<br />

Do you want off rotating shifts? Do you want<br />

holidays off? Do you want the possibility of<br />

working a condensed workweek?<br />

This could be for you!<br />

The <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> Department of Health<br />

is hiring a full time Registered <strong>Nurse</strong> II/<br />

Health Facilities Surveyor.<br />

Areas surveyed include nursing practices,<br />

medication administration and pharmaceutical<br />

standards of care, patient activities, dietary,<br />

infection control, resident rights, and physical<br />

environment. The Surveyor’s role is to ensure<br />

compliance with state and federal regulations<br />

for the protection of health and safety hazards.<br />

Travel and get paid per diem, as well as the<br />

use of a state vehicle while on the road. These<br />

position(s) have the option of being located in<br />

multiple locations throughout the State.<br />

Come join us!<br />

For more information and to apply, please go<br />

to http://bhr.sd.gov/workforus<br />

or contact any <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> Department of<br />

Labor and Regulation Local Office.

Page 4 <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong> <strong>August</strong>, September, October <strong>2022</strong><br />

District News<br />

District 1, 2, 3 Report<br />

We met with a hybrid meeting on 6/16/<strong>2022</strong> at<br />

Minerva’s Restaurant and with members also attending<br />

by Zoom. Our May meeting to celebrate <strong>Nurse</strong>s’ Week<br />

was postponed due to myself contracting Covid. Our<br />

meeting’s highlight was our guest speaker: Yuliya<br />

Grassby, a nurse originally from Ukraine. She did not<br />

pursue getting her RN licensure after her entry to the<br />

US but pursued additional education with a degree in<br />

Healthcare Administration and has worked in several<br />

capacities for the past 20 years. She is currently with<br />

Phoenix University’s nursing program in compliance<br />

and licensure. Her presentation focused on her mission<br />

trip home several years ago and noted that war injuries<br />

from Russian aggression has been ongoing since 2014.<br />

An overview of Ukraine since 2000 provided a very<br />

interesting and informative presentation. Ms. Grassby<br />

provided information on where donations are best<br />

utilized for the current war. Her parents and other<br />

family members remain in Ukraine and currently are<br />

safe.<br />

The limitations of a individual Zoom account was<br />

noted in time (40 min) and that holding a Zoom in a<br />

public place was not conducive for the participation of<br />

the Zoom audience.<br />

Our next meeting is scheduled for <strong>August</strong> 9, <strong>2022</strong><br />

at 5pm, this will be held by Zoom due to my absence.<br />

Topics will include: donation to a Ukraine support<br />

agency, convention auction items, nominations for<br />

award recipients, setting topics for future meetings and<br />

meeting frequency.<br />

A PDF with information presented by Ms. Grassby<br />

and the suggested agencies for donations can be<br />

forwarded to any interested parties.<br />

Linda Wolden, RN, BSN, District 1,2,3 President<br />

lrwolden@gmail.com 605 381 1289<br />

District 5-7 Report<br />

Hello, fellow nurses.<br />

Are you ready to get involved? Let me tell you how;<br />

we currently have leadership positions available right<br />

here in Districts 5-7. Feel free to reach out to me via<br />

email, text, or phone call to serve today.<br />

District 5-7 is a strong supporter of future nurses<br />

in <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong>. We have the pleasure of five nursing<br />

schools in our districts. Shout out to Faculty and<br />

students at Lake Area Technical College, Sinte Gleska<br />

University, <strong>Dakota</strong> Wesleyan University, Mitchell<br />

Technical College, and <strong>South</strong>east Technical College.<br />

Our social media following on Facebook has been<br />

continuing to grow. Everyone is welcome to follow<br />

us and check out giveaways of donated prizes, news,<br />

articles, statics, and events both locally and at the state<br />

level.<br />

Just a reminder Ashley Kingdon-Reese from our<br />

district is running for GRC chair again so don’t forget to<br />

vote. There are many great future leaders of the SDNA<br />

board awaiting to serve as you vote them into office this<br />

fall. It will be awesome to connect with you all at the<br />

Annual Convention in Sioux Falls on Sunday, October<br />

2, <strong>2022</strong>, from 8:00 am CT - Monday, October 3, <strong>2022</strong>,<br />

at 4:00 pm CT<strong>2022</strong>! 3200 W Maple St. Sioux Falls, SD<br />

57107 don’t forget to register.<br />

District 5-7 would like to remind its members<br />

that nominations are due by September 1, so let’s<br />

highlight nurses in our districts and celebrate them<br />

with nominating for the following awards: District<br />

<strong>Nurse</strong> of the Year Award, Rookie of the Year Award,<br />

Distinguished Service Award, Nursing Practice Award,<br />

Joy of Nursing Award, Pioneer in Nursing Award, The<br />

<strong>Nurse</strong> Educator Award, SDNA Hall of Fame Award.<br />

Can’t wait to celebrate the awesome nurses of District<br />

5-7! Ashley and I are serving locally on the nursing<br />

taskforce to address how the Huron area can:<br />

1) Maintain and sustain the nursing programs and<br />

expand opportunities of support for addition<br />

health care roles in community.<br />

2) Ensure enrollment<br />

3) Develop strategies so students stay in our<br />

community<br />

It has been awesome to connect with many caring<br />

community leaders at the HRMC hosted meeting. The<br />

group is mixed members who are stakeholders in the<br />

future of our profession.<br />

The last area I have been working on is planning for<br />

the 2023 Annual Nursing Convention hosted by District<br />

5-7 next year. We are forming planning committees<br />

with district members.<br />

The committees are:<br />

Convention Program Committee (5-10 members)<br />

Exhibit/Sponsor Committee (5 members)<br />

Registration/Hospitality Committee (5-7 members)<br />

Auction Committee (5-10 members that are not<br />

on the Registration/Hospitality Committee –<br />

activities take place at the same time)<br />

Decorations Committee (2-5 members)<br />

To stay up-to-date with district news, check out the<br />

Facebook link to follow us is: https://www.facebook.<br />

com/<strong>South</strong><strong>Dakota</strong><strong>Nurse</strong>sAssociationDistricts57<br />

Looking forward to hearing from you,<br />

Sara Watson, MBA, MSN, RN<br />

District 5-7 President<br />

SDNA Treasurer<br />

sara@prnpros.net<br />

Cell (605) 353-5799<br />

District 8&9 Report<br />

In May District 8 & 9 hosted representatives of<br />

“Feeding Brookings.” They presented the history of the<br />

Feeding Brookings organization and shared information<br />

about food insecurity in the area. The program<br />

originally began serving around 75 families and has<br />

grown to currently feeding about 300. The organization<br />

is staffed by volunteers who pack boxes and assist with<br />

delivery. Several District 8 & 9 members volunteered<br />

this summer with the program.<br />

In June, Deb Soholt presented an overview of<br />

“Influential She.” SDNA members were treated to<br />

information on podcasts, blogs and social media posts<br />

that can help accelerate women’s influence. Deb shared<br />

the 10 identified high leverage practices (HLPs) that<br />

“Influential She” refers to as the “Talismanic 10.”<br />

Attendees learned more about each HLP as well as<br />

some of the influential women featured in the podcasts<br />

on the website that have overcome hardship and become<br />

influential in a variety of fields.<br />

Venita Winterboer, District 8& 9 President<br />

District 10 Report<br />

District 10 is very excited to be hosting the SDNA<br />

Fall conference on Oct. 2 and 3 at the Ramkota Hotel<br />

and Conference Center, 3200 W Maple St. Sioux Falls<br />

SD 57107. We have been busy working on putting on<br />

a Fabulous conference. We have been meeting once a<br />

month to discuss our progress. Our next meeting is July<br />

19th at 6pm at Scooters 57th and Western.<br />

If you would like to be involved please reach me at<br />

gwoitte@gmail.com or Marie Cissell marieanncissell@<br />

gmail.com or come to the meetings and we can find<br />

something you will enjoy doing.<br />

Our conference will be a panel presentation with<br />

every speaker having a nursing background. I am<br />

so excited to be a part of this program. Deb Fischer<br />

Clemens and her committee has worked hard to put<br />

together an outstanding program.<br />

We have a block of rooms saved for this conference.<br />

Online Registration is here: https://bit.ly/3LNFheF.<br />

We will also have a live and silent auction. Items are<br />

still needed for both auctions.<br />

Please let us know if you have any questions on the<br />

auction items. These will be brought to the conference<br />

for display and bidding.<br />

We are looking forward to seeing you at the<br />

conference!<br />

Gala Woitte District 10 President<br />

gwoitte@gmail.com<br />

605-376-8639<br />

District 11 Report<br />

District # 11 met April 19, <strong>2022</strong>, at Sanford<br />

Vermillion Hospital. D. Sternhagen representative from<br />

Call to Freedom was the guest speaker. Call to Freedom<br />

is an organization that deals with human trafficking.<br />

The District did not meet during the months of May<br />

and June.<br />

Charlene Bierema, District # 11 President<br />

Join SDNA Today!<br />

https://sdnursesassociation.nursingnetwork.com/<br />


<strong>August</strong>, September, October <strong>2022</strong> <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong> Page 5<br />

<strong>2022</strong> <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association Annual Convention<br />

October 2-3, Best Western PLUS Ramkota, Sioux Falls, <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong><br />

<br />

<strong>2022</strong> <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association Annual Convention<br />

October 2-3, Best Western PLUS Ramkota, Sioux Falls, <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong>

Page 6 <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong> <strong>August</strong>, September, October <strong>2022</strong><br />

SDNA Candidates for Office<br />


Carol Stewart, DNP, FNP-BC,<br />

PMHNP-BC<br />

• School/College of Nursing:<br />

Mount Marty University,<br />

University of Mary, Rocky<br />

Mountain University<br />

• Area of Practice: Rural<br />

healthcare as a RN,<br />

Family and Psychiatric<br />

Mental Health <strong>Nurse</strong><br />

Practitioner; Nursing<br />

Education - teaching<br />

experience at the Practical Nursing, Bachelor<br />

of Science in Nursing and Master of Science in<br />

Nursing programs<br />

• Present position and place of employment:<br />

Associate Professor of Nursing, Graduate Program<br />

Director, FNP Track and Clinical Coordinator<br />

- Mount Marty University; Family and Psychiatric<br />

Mental Health <strong>Nurse</strong> Practitioner – Wapiti Medical<br />

Staffing and NativeArc Medical Staffing (work<br />

primarily at Indian Health Services)<br />

• Professional Organization Activities at District<br />

(Region), Council, State, National Level(s) for the<br />

past five years, including Student Association office:<br />


MNNP, Sigma Theta Tau International Nursing<br />

Society, and PEO (current chapter president);<br />

Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education<br />

(CCNE): Site Evaluator’ Quality Matters: Master<br />

Reviewer<br />

• Personal Statement: My professional goal is to<br />

provide high-level, evidence-based care to benefit<br />

a diverse population while gaining knowledge and<br />

understanding to further benefit clients and students<br />

I serve while enhancing professional growth.<br />

Throughout my nursing career, I have served in<br />

various frontline and leadership positions in practice<br />

and academia. I have served on the nominations<br />

committee and am interested in becoming more<br />

directly involved with the SDNA and look forward<br />

to the opportunity to participate in the growth of the<br />

nursing profession during these new and challenging<br />

times.<br />


Ashley Kingdon-Reese<br />

• School/College of<br />

Nursing: (MBHCA)<br />

Western Governor’s<br />

University, (BSN) <strong>Dakota</strong><br />

Wesleyan University<br />

• Additional Professional<br />

Education: MBHCA,<br />

SANE Trained, ANAI<br />

Scholar, Goldman Sachs<br />

10KSB Allumni, LNC,<br />

Forensic <strong>Nurse</strong> Training,<br />

Certified BLS Instructor<br />

• Area of Practice: Home health, Behavioral health,<br />

Assisted Living, Aging adults, Occupational<br />

medicine, community outreach, memory care,<br />

persons with disabilities, Chronic disease<br />

management, patient advocacy, SANE trained- care<br />

• Present position and place of employment: Executive<br />

Director of Independent Health Solutions, COO<br />

Angelhaus Huron, Owner & Co-founder PRN<br />

Professionals<br />

• Professional Organization Activities at District<br />

(Region), Council, State, National Level(s) for the<br />

past five years, including Student Association office:<br />

Current GRC Chair, ANAI Lobbyist Scholar <strong>2022</strong>,<br />

SDNA, ANA, SANE taskforce, Beadle County<br />

COVID taskforce, Aging Adult Coalition, Goldman<br />

Sachs 10kSB 2019, ANCA member<br />

• Personal Statement: My goal is to continue to<br />

serve SD nurses as GRC Chair and advocate for<br />

our profession, policies, and patients regarding<br />

legislative decisions. My focus will remain on<br />

promoting policies which elevate the value of<br />

nurses that assist the most vulnerable populations,<br />

including workplace violence prevention, mental<br />

health awareness, nurse burnout and shortage. I<br />

hope to unite and amplify the voices of nurses in<br />

ALL fields by continuing to seek input from YOU,<br />

my fellow nurses.<br />

Madeline Miller<br />

• School/College of<br />

Nursing: <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong><br />

State University<br />

• Additional Professional<br />

Education: ANCC<br />

Psychiatric and Mental<br />

Health Nursing<br />

Certification<br />

• Area of Practice:<br />

Psychiatry/Mental Health,<br />

Addiction Medicine,<br />

Pediatrics and Adults<br />

• Present position and place of employment: <strong>Nurse</strong><br />

Manager, The Link Community Triage Center,<br />

Sioux Falls, SD (Avera McKennan)<br />

• Professional Organization Activities at District<br />

(Region), Council, State, National Level(s) for the<br />

past five years, including Student Association office:<br />

Leadership <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> Program Participant,<br />

2023 Cohort; SDNA Annual Conference Speaker,<br />

<strong>2022</strong> (upcoming); Sioux Falls Community Health<br />

Improvement Plan (CHIP) Committee, <strong>2022</strong>;<br />

Registered Lobbyist and Bill Author (SB 136, HB<br />

1121), 97th Legislative Session, <strong>2022</strong>; Member<br />

APNA 2018, 2019; Member SDNA, 2018, 2019,<br />

<strong>2022</strong>; Sioux Falls Young Professionals Network,<br />

2021, <strong>2022</strong>; EmBe Center for Nursing Workforce<br />

Leadership Program Participant, 2021 Cohort;<br />

Avera Rising <strong>Nurse</strong> Leader Program Participant,<br />

2018 Cohort<br />

• Personal Statement: My personal mission is<br />

to support and encourage others by fostering<br />

meaningful relationships. These relationships are<br />

incredibly important in the world of government.<br />

As a registered nurse, I want to use my professional<br />

position to advocate for my community members<br />

and their families and to influence lawmakers to<br />

develop public policies that will support our local<br />

healthcare agencies and the people we serve..<br />


Brittany Brennan, PhD, RN,<br />

CHSE<br />

• School/College of<br />

Nursing: 2009, BAN,<br />

Concordia College,<br />

Moorehead, MN<br />

• Additional Professional<br />

Education: 2016, MSN<br />

Nursing Education,<br />

Purdue Global University,<br />

Davenport, IA; 2021,<br />

PhD Nursing, SDSU,<br />

Brookings, SD<br />

• Area of Practice: Nursing Education, Simulation,<br />

Critical Care<br />

• Present position and place of employment:<br />

Implementing and Expanding Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring in <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong><br />

Funding Opportunity Currently Open for Applications<br />

Funding Objective: Facilities could utilize American Medical Association and Johns Hopkins Blood<br />

Pressure Control Program, Healthy Heart Ambassador Blood Pressure Self-Monitoring*, Check. Change.<br />

Control, Million Hearts SMBP, Target: BP or similar program guidance to implement SMBP within their<br />

practice, add additional patients to current program, or expand to additional providers or sites.*<br />

RFA Release: October 1, 2021<br />

RFA Due Date: This is a rolling funding opportunity. Applications will be reviewed as they are submitted.<br />

Project Period: Project period lasts one calendar year, beginning one month after award<br />

Anticipated Award Amount: $20,000 per facility (including up to $2,500 for purchase of blood<br />

pressure cuffs)<br />

Primary Contact: Rachel Sehr, Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Coordinator<br />

Primary Contact Email: Rachel.Sehr@state.sd.us<br />

Application Procedure: Applications are due via electronic submission to Rachel.Sehr@state.sd.us.<br />

*Healthy Heart Ambassador Program is for non-clinical locations only. All awarded initiatives would be developed<br />

and implemented with assistance from the 1815 team. 1815 team consists of experts from <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> Foundation for<br />

Medical Care (SDFMC) and SD Department of Health who have knowledge and experience related to 1) data, workflow,<br />

process analysis, 2) strategic plan development and implementation, 3) PDSA (Plan, Do, Study, Act) cycles, and 4) policy<br />

and protocol development. Additional partners may be utilized as needed. All team members are available to awarded<br />

facilities as a resource for accepted activities at no cost to the awardee.<br />

View the full instructions and application at<br />


<strong>August</strong>, September, October <strong>2022</strong> <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong> Page 7<br />

Beginning in <strong>August</strong> <strong>2022</strong>, Instructor, <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> State University College of<br />

Nursing; 2013 to <strong>2022</strong>, Nursing Instructor, Lake Area Technical College; 2010<br />

to Present, PRN Registered <strong>Nurse</strong> Critical Care Unit, Prairie Lakes Healthcare<br />

System; 2019 to Present, Clinical Teaching Assistant, <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> State<br />

University<br />

• Professional Organization Activities at District (Region), Council, State, National<br />

Level(s) for the past five years, including Student Association office: Sigma Theta<br />

Tau International Honor Society of Nursing, Phi Chapter Member, 2008-present;<br />

Phi Chapter Leadership Succession Committee, 2020-present; 2019 STTI Research<br />

Day Conference Poster Judge, 2020 Research Grant Recipient, & <strong>2022</strong> Presenter;<br />

National League for Nursing Member, 2013-present, NLN Mary Anne Rizzolo<br />

Doctoral Research Award Recipient, 2021; Graduate Nursing Student Academy<br />

Member, 2014-2021; American <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association and <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s<br />

Association Member, 2015-present; Midwest Nursing Research Society Member,<br />

2018-present; International Nursing Association for Clinical Simulation and<br />

Nursing Member, 2020-present; Society for Simulation in Healthcare Member,<br />

2021-present; Presenter at SSH International Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare<br />

Conference, <strong>2022</strong>, IMSH 2023 Content Reviewer for Research Abstracts<br />

• Personal Statement: During the unprecedented times nursing has recently seen, it<br />

has been more important than ever for nurses to be an advocate for the safety of<br />

patients and themselves. I believe nurses individually and collectively, have the<br />

power and passion to fulfill that advocacy role and inform practices and policies<br />

in healthcare and nursing. By means of the SDNA, nurses have that collective<br />

voice to address current nursing issues and concerns. My passion for nursing<br />

and preparing the future generation of nurses has led me to seek opportunities to<br />

influence change. On the nominations committee, I will promote nursing and seek<br />

opportunities to develop future members and leaders in SDNA and nursing.<br />

Stacy Eden<br />

• School/College of Nursing: <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> State<br />

University<br />

• Area of Practice: Education, Acute Care, Correctional<br />

Medicine<br />

• Present position and place of employment: <strong>Dakota</strong><br />

Wesleyan University, Administrative Chair of Nursing<br />

• Professional Organization Activities at District (Region),<br />

Council, State, National Level(s) for the past five<br />

years, including Student Association office: SDNA<br />

Nominations Committee, 2020-current<br />

• Personal Statement: I love the phrase that decisions are<br />

made by those who show up. This has somewhat become<br />

a part of my mantra. As a part of the nominations committee, I would love to be a<br />

part of getting others involved and helping others “show up.”<br />

Dawn R. Warren<br />

• School/College of Nursing: 1991, BSN, SDSU; 2000,<br />

MSN, SDSU; 2014, EdD, USD<br />

• Area of Practice: ED, ICU, and Nursing Education<br />

• Present position and place of employment: USD<br />

Department of Nursing, Rapid City, Site Director and<br />

Faculty<br />

• Professional Organization Activities at District (Region),<br />

Council, State, National Level(s) for the past five years,<br />

including Student Association office:<br />

o SDNA Secretary, 2016-<strong>2022</strong><br />

• Personal Statement: I have had the honor of being a RN<br />

practicing in <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> since 1991, and I am a firm believer that if you want to<br />

be involved in what is happening in our state in relation to nursing, then you must<br />

be involved. I have worked in critical care, emergency nursing, nursing education,<br />

and am currently the Director of the USD Department of Nursing at the Rapid City<br />

site. I have been the SDNA Board Secretary since 2016. I would be honored to be<br />

a part of the Nominations Committee.<br />

District 1, 2 & 3<br />

Katelynn Gray<br />

Alex Vander Hoek<br />

Jacquelyn Ahlcrona<br />

Catherine Miglionico<br />

Susan Mekala<br />

Karen Murphy<br />

Maretta Afraid of<br />

Bear<br />

Heather Hazen<br />


Sept. 14-16<br />

ANA Lobbyist Meeting<br />


October 2<br />

SDNA Board of<br />

Directors Meeting<br />

(Sioux Falls)<br />

Welcome<br />

New Members<br />

District 5-7<br />

Amber Moody<br />

Angela Deboer<br />

District 8&9<br />

Tara Rodriguez<br />

District 10<br />

Rachel Matthaei<br />

Paula Pulse<br />

Chase Ditmanson<br />

SDNA<br />

Calendar of Events<br />

If you have events that you want posted on the SDNA<br />

Calendar of Events please contact the SDNA Office at<br />

(605) 945-4265 or by email at<br />

contactus@sdnurses.org.<br />

October 2-3<br />

SDNA Annual<br />

Convention (Sioux Falls)<br />

October 10<br />

SD <strong>Nurse</strong> Article<br />

Submission Deadline<br />

Ariel Neu<br />

Joseph Ray<br />

Deanna Stoll<br />

Julie Bostic<br />

Madeline Miller<br />

Carrie Ensz<br />

District 11<br />

Karyl Yockey<br />

Barbara Buss<br />


December 1<br />

District Leadership<br />

Reporting Form Due to<br />

SDNA Office

Page 8 <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong> <strong>August</strong>, September, October <strong>2022</strong><br />




PO Box 1015, Pierre, SD 57501<br />

P: 605.945.4265 | F: 888.600.1232 | E: contactus@sdnurses.org<br />







STATE / ZIP<br />


E-MAIL<br />







RN employed full or part time<br />


RN enrolled in baccalaureate, masters or doctoral program, at least nine (9) credit hours per calendar year<br />

<strong>2022</strong> <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association Annual Convention<br />

Hello from SDNA District 10:<br />

October 2-3, Best Western PLUS Ramkota, Sioux Falls, <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong><br />

The <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association’s annual convention offers the opportunity for<br />

nurses to build professional relationships and share practice and professional issues. The<br />

<strong>2022</strong> convention will be held October 2 and 3 at the Ramkota Hotel at 3200 West Maple<br />

in Sioux Falls. Our celebration theme is Better Together: <strong>Nurse</strong>s Are Community.<br />

In addition to being our annual meeting, the annual convention serves as the primary<br />

SDNA fundraiser, helping us to remain as a non-profit organization. The Auction<br />

Committee seeks items to be auctioned at both the silent and live auctions. We are<br />

asking for donations of 1) high-quality items and 2) theme baskets valued at $40 or more.<br />

Moneys raised from these auctions will assist SDNA’s efforts to continue representation<br />

of the nursing profession.<br />

As in the past, individual members are encouraged to provide donated items and/or<br />

baskets of items for the auction or ask businesses and organizations for a donation. Some<br />

ideas for basket themes include baby, personal spa, wine, cooking, reading, family night,<br />

etc. Baskets are a great opportunity to use your creativity to celebrate NURSING AND<br />

THE SDNA. Any item is welcome!<br />

Please contact us at contactus@sdnurses.org if you have any questions.<br />

An Auction Item Form for donations is on our convention website here: https://bit.<br />

ly/3LNFheF. Please complete one form for each item or basket donated. Forms should<br />

accompany the auction item to the convention or be emailed to marcusgoodfellow25@<br />

gmail.com.<br />

Attention District 5-7 members:<br />

We will be hosting October<br />

2023 Convention!<br />

Beyond Excited!<br />

Looking to fill a few committee positions: Convention Program Committee,<br />

Exhibit/Sponsor Committee, Registration/Hospitality Committee, Auction Committee,<br />

Decorations Committee.<br />

If you are interested or know someone who is, please contact via text or phone call our<br />

current District President Sara Watson (605) 353-5799.<br />


RATE)<br />

RN who is unemployed<br />

- OR - over 62 years of age & earning less than maximum allowed receiving Social Security benefits<br />

- OR - enrolled in baccalaureate, masters or doctoral program, at least 20 credit hours per year<br />


YEARS)<br />


RN who is over 62 years of age and unemployed<br />

- OR - who is totally disabled<br />


RN employed full or part time<br />

According to Federal tax law, you may claim 50% of your annual SDNA/ANA dues as a tax deduction. The other<br />

50% are used in lobbying activities and are not tax deductible.<br />


FULL ANA/SDNA MEMBERSHIP $23.59 $277.00<br />







$17.82 $207.75<br />

$12.04 $138.50<br />

$6.27 $69.25<br />

SDNA ONLY MEMBERSHIP $16.04 $186.50<br />




Read, sign the authorization, and enclose a check for the first month’s payment (amount shown in bold above); onetwelfth<br />

(1/12) of your annual dues will be withdrawn from that checking account monthly, in addition to an annual<br />

$6.00 (50¢ per month) service fee (total is amount above).<br />

AUTHORIZATION: This authorizes ANA to withdraw 1/12 of my annual dues and any additional service fees<br />

from the checking account designated by the enclosed check for the first month’s payment. ANA is authorized<br />

to change the amount by giving the undersigned 30 days written notice. The undersigned may cancel this<br />

authorization upon receipt by ANA of written confirmation of termination 20 days prior to the deduction date as<br />

designated above. ANA will charge a $5.00 fee for return drafts.<br />



___Full annual payment—automatic annual credit card payment (automatic renewal)<br />

___Monthly payment from credit card<br />

___Full annual payment---one year only<br />

__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __<br />

__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Visa/MasterCard _______ Expiration date

<strong>August</strong>, September, October <strong>2022</strong> <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong> Page 9<br />


Ashley Kingdon-Reese<br />

WHY NURSING? No, seriously…why? You may have<br />

asked yourself this question at one time in your career, but<br />

maybe especially in light of recent events. You may have even<br />

asked others this question, others who are just contemplating<br />

a nursing career. We survived two long years (and counting)<br />

of COVID torture only to end up in a staffing crisis with<br />

amplified responsibilities, increased nurse violence, blurred<br />

liabilities, and an obvious disregard from our legal system.<br />


We all have our individual reasons as to why we serve as<br />

nurses, but collectively the answer is the same, we were called<br />

to do so. That calling may be generational with influence from<br />

our family members who have also served. It may be a personal medical experience<br />

that evoked feelings of responsibility to help those in need. At times, this calling may<br />

seem like a thankless and demanding life commitment that has little reward, no matter<br />

what specialty you are in. Here is where having a professional support system in place<br />

can save a dedicated nurse from burnout. This is one reason why the SDNA and ANA<br />

involvement are so important to our vocation and can support our decision to be nurses.<br />

Lately I’ve taken solace in collaborating with fellow nurses in a national program,<br />

American <strong>Nurse</strong> Advocacy Institute (ANAI). This remarkable opportunity offers a yearlong<br />

mentored program, that educates and trains nurses to be more effective in advocacy<br />

for our profession and our patients. This program promotes nurse collaboration and<br />

works to unite us to lead legislative decisions that affect healthcare. We are EXPERTS at<br />

patient care.<br />

Healthcare decisions should be made by us, the experts. Not paid legislators that<br />

will never hold the hand of a patient in crisis, or respond to an emergency code, or<br />

design a person-centered care plan for an individual that cannot afford their prescribed<br />

medications. We pay the consequences as care providers for decisions that often don’t<br />

take into consideration the impact on us, the experts. It is time to lean in and lend<br />

our voice to the legislative process. It is time to reignite nurses to reconnect with our<br />

profession and invest our efforts in the prevention of poor decision making versus<br />

cleaning up the wreckage afterward.<br />

<strong>Nurse</strong>s are not heroes, we MAKE heroes! We celebrate the Aides who go the<br />

extra mile to support us, we praise the patients who meet their goals, we promote<br />

those community resources that serve our most indigent, we nominate and elect nurse<br />

legislators to represent our field; we MAKE heroes.<br />

The ANAI program gave me the opportunity to meet hero-makers from all over<br />

the country. We worked together to address opportunities that allow us to: Serve as an<br />

advisor to state <strong>Nurse</strong>s Associations in establishing legislative/regulatory priorities,<br />

recommend strategies for execution in advancement of a policy issue, educate colleagues<br />

about the political realities, and promote nurse engagement. More specifically, ANAI<br />

encourages participants to contribute to column(s) in the state nurse association’s<br />

newsletters; present at the annual convention; and participate in the lobby day, serving as<br />

the “go to” contact for legislators within their district.<br />

Since its introduction, ANAI has educated 229 nurse participants from 46 states.<br />

I am proud to participate and represent <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> nurses in this year-long session.<br />

Although the pandemic halted our in-person advocacy (meaning no field trip to DC), one<br />

of the unforeseen benefits of virtual meetings is increased nurse teamwork; it’s been a<br />

privilege to support fellow nurses in their endeavors to better our profession and protect<br />

our patients.<br />

This ANAI session has been wrought with complicated issues like nurse safety,<br />

APRN full practice authority, safe staffing, nurse mental health, workplace violence,<br />

continuing education, reproductive rights, telehealth practices, continuing education for<br />

nurses, and of course COVID. Here is a limited highlight reel from a few nurses around<br />

the Nation.<br />

Indiana: Members Denise Kerley MSN, RN, CNRN, AG-CNS & Jean Ross<br />

MHA, BSN, RN are working with the American <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association and Indiana<br />

State <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association from October 2021 to October <strong>2022</strong> to focus on identifying<br />

legislative opportunities to impact nurse staffing in Indiana. Denise and Jean are<br />

counting on the stories and experiences of Indiana nurses to present legislative needs.<br />

In fact, Denise and Jean will be conducting 1:1 interviews and surveys over late<br />

fall and winter <strong>2022</strong> to further paint the personalized picture of a day in the life of<br />

nurses. As reference, here is a link to the survey developed to reach nurses Indiana<br />

<strong>Nurse</strong> Staffing Interviews (jotform.com)<br />

Louisiana: Member Ahneyel Burkes is striving to enact R.S. 37:936 and R.S.<br />

40:2009.13, relative to safe harbor protections for nurses; ViewDocument.aspx (la.<br />

gov). allows nurses to invoke safe harbor in certain circumstances; to provide for a<br />

procedure to invoke safe harbor; to require healthcare facilities to establish a safe<br />

harbor process; to prohibit certain actions against nurses who invoke safe harbor; and<br />

to provide for related matters.<br />

Illinois: Member Elizabeth (Liz) Aquino is working on establishing the template<br />

for a campaign school assisting nurses, and formally supporting this field.<br />

Many others are still working to complete their projects, so stay tuned for more updates.<br />

My project was focused on opposing Amendment C , which we <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong>ns defeated<br />

on the ballot in June. The Legislature-driven measure was at complete odds with how the<br />

Legislature itself is run. Ballot measures in <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> currently need only a simple<br />

majority vote (50%+1) to be adopted, but Amendment C would have changed our constitution<br />

by requiring any citizen initiative to pass legislation by a super-majority of 60%.<br />

<strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> nurses have a history of proposing health and safety initiatives like<br />

seatbelt use, texting and driving laws, smoking in public, and car seat requirements,<br />

and several SANE measures. If Amendment C passed, nurses (along with all citizens)<br />

would have had to gain super-majority support, instead of obtaining a required number of<br />

voters’ signatures to put a measure on the ballot. It was the type of amendment that the<br />

SDNA, the ANA, and our valued ANAI were meant to defeat, and we did.<br />

So why nursing? It’s simple. Because we make differences everywhere we go and in<br />

everything we do. Because care, concern and professionalism are always our standard.<br />

Because our nursing process is effective and efficient and may be applied to ALL aspects<br />

including legislation. Because from the bedside to the boardroom, we nurses are called to<br />

make heroes.<br />

American <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association<br />

Elects Jennifer Mensik<br />

Kennedy As New National<br />

President<br />

Shannon McClendon, shannon.mcclendon@ana.org<br />

Keziah Proctor, keziah.proctor@ana.org<br />

SILVER SPRING, MD - Today, the American <strong>Nurse</strong>s<br />

Association (ANA) Membership Assembly elected<br />

Jennifer Mensik Kennedy, PhD, MBA, RN, NEA-<br />

BC, FAAN, of the Oregon <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association as the<br />

association’s next president to represent the interests<br />

of the nation’s more than 4.3 million registered nurses.<br />

Mensik has more than 25 years of nursing experience in<br />

a variety of settings ranging from rural critical access<br />

hospitals and home health to hospital administration, and<br />

academia. She has served as President of the Arizona<br />

<strong>Nurse</strong>s Association and 2nd Vice President and Treasurer<br />

of ANA. The term of service for Dr. Mensik and all other<br />

newly elected leaders will begin January 1, 2023.<br />

ANA’s Membership Assembly also elected four members to serve as officers of<br />

the 9-member board of directors. The newly elected board members are: Secretary<br />

Amanda Oliver, BSN, RN, CCRN, of ANA – Illinois; Director-at-Large, Edward<br />

Briggs, DNP, MS, APRN, of the Florida <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association; Director-at-Large,<br />

Jennifer Gil, MSN, RN, of the New Jersey State <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association; and Director-at-<br />

Large, Staff <strong>Nurse</strong>, David Garcia, MSN, BSN, RN, PCCN, of the Washington State<br />

<strong>Nurse</strong>s Association.<br />

The following ANA board members will continue their terms: Susan Swart, EdD,<br />

MS, RN, CAE, of ANA-Illinois as Vice President; Joan Widmer, MS, MSBA, RN,<br />

CEN, of the New Hampshire <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association as Treasurer; Amy McCarthy,<br />

MSN, RNC-MNN, NE-BC, of the Texas <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association as Director-at-Large;<br />

and Marcus Henderson, MSN, RN, of the Pennsylvania State <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association as<br />

Director-at-Large, Recent Graduate.<br />

Elected to serve on the Nominations and Elections Committee are: MaryLee<br />

Pakieser, MSN, RN, FNP-BC, of ANA Michigan; Jennifer Tucker, MA, RN, of the<br />

Minnesota Organization of Registered <strong>Nurse</strong>s; and Kimberly Velez, MSN, RN, of<br />

ANA - New York.<br />

Full-Time/Part-Time<br />

Day Shift/Night Shift RN/LPN<br />

Make a difference in someone’s life every time you go to work!!<br />

We are looking for a highly motivated individual to be part of our<br />

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knit, welcoming community. We are currently seeking a motivated and<br />

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for managing on-going care of residents, playing an active role in<br />

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ensures standards of care and practices are followed.<br />

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Applications are available www.highmorehealth.com under the<br />

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May email resume to libby.jones@highmorehealth.com.

Page 10 <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong> <strong>August</strong>, September, October <strong>2022</strong><br />

ANA’s Racial Reckoning Statement<br />

Opening<br />

This is a journey.<br />

Throughout our history, the American <strong>Nurse</strong>s<br />

Association (ANA) has sought to lead nursing into the<br />

future. Through acts of omission, when we failed to<br />

act, and commission, when ANA’s actions negatively<br />

impacted nurses of color, we have caused harm and<br />

perpetuated systemic racism. This statement serves as<br />

a starting point for a journey during which we seek to<br />

acknowledge past actions that continue to impact the<br />

profession today and as a starting point of a new journey<br />

toward the future.<br />

ANA begins this journey in conjunction with the<br />

efforts undertaken by the National Commission to<br />

Address Racism in Nursing (the Commission). This<br />

statement focuses on ANA’s own actions, while the<br />

Commission seeks to address racism in nursing within<br />

the broader profession. We recognize that as a leader,<br />

ANA holds accountabilities at both the organizational<br />

and the broader professional level. Through both<br />

efforts, we are striving for a more inclusive, diverse,<br />

and equitable professional organization and a nursing<br />

profession that meets the needs of all people.<br />

Our intention with this statement is to publicly<br />

identify and acknowledge our past actions while<br />

addressing the harms that continue today. The section<br />

on ANA Reckoning is not meant to be a complete listing<br />

of all ANA actions that have caused harm. Historical<br />

exclusions of and transgressions against Black nurses<br />

will be discussed in this document. This harm has<br />

undoubtedly extended to all nurses of color. In addition,<br />

there is much debate about labels and terms to identify<br />

racialized minorities. We have chosen to use the term<br />

“nurses of color” to reflect all nurses representing race<br />

and ethnic groups. It is our intention to be fully inclusive<br />

in the use of this language.<br />

In the end, it is our actions that will truly reflect the<br />

sincerity of this apology and serve as the underpinning<br />

for forgiveness. For it is forgiveness that we seek —<br />

forgiveness from nurses of color, the nursing profession<br />

and the communities that have been harmed by our<br />

actions. We fervently hope that this statement, its<br />

subsequent work and the efforts of the Commission will<br />

contribute to healing — individual healing for nurses,<br />

reconciliation with the ethnic-minority nurse associations<br />

and healing of the profession. ANA wants this statement<br />

to reflect genuine reconciliation and acknowledgment<br />

and hopes that it is a step toward forgiveness. Ultimately,<br />

we seek to contribute to the healing of nursing.<br />

ANA Reckoning<br />

There is much that can be said about ANA’s history<br />

and failure to include and represent the views and needs<br />

of nurses of color. The examples below are not to be<br />

considered as a complete reckoning of ANA’s past, but<br />

they are representative of times and actions when ANA<br />

failed.<br />

To begin, we must acknowledge that from 1916 until<br />

1964, ANA purposefully, systemically and systematically<br />

excluded Black nurses. ANA’s predecessor organization,<br />

the <strong>Nurse</strong>s’ Associated Alumnae of the United States and<br />

Canada, was open to alumnae associations of schools<br />

of nursing, including Black hospitals and nurse training<br />

schools (Hine, 1989). The <strong>Nurse</strong>s’ Associated Alumnae<br />

became the American <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association, and in 1916,<br />

the membership rules shifted away from an alumnaebased<br />

membership to that of a state- and district-based<br />

membership. This resulted in Black nurses being denied<br />

membership in some state nurses associations. Despite<br />

significant advocacy and pressure from the National<br />

Association of Colored Graduate <strong>Nurse</strong>s (NACGN),<br />

this discrimination persisted. In 1946, the ANA House<br />

of Delegates voted to adopt a statement that urged the<br />

“removal, as rapidly as possible, of barriers that prevent<br />

the full employment and professional development of<br />

nurses belonging to minority racial groups” (Carnegie,<br />

1991, p. 76). And in 1948, the ANA House of Delegates<br />

established an “Individual Membership Category” that<br />

was open to all nurses who were not accepted through<br />

a state or district association. However, it was not<br />

until 1964 that a final district in Louisiana dropped its<br />

discriminatory rule for membership (Carnegie, 1991).<br />

This timeline reflects the failure of ANA leaders to<br />

aggressively pursue changes in its discriminatory<br />

membership rules and allow for full membership<br />

regardless of race. While membership within ANA<br />

was hard fought by NACGN, the full inclusion of Black<br />

nurses within ANA leadership and decision-making<br />

remains unrealized and elusive for all nurses of color.<br />

One representative incident from 1939 involved<br />

Estelle Massey Riddle Osborne, president of NACGN<br />

from 1934-1939. In 1939, President Osborne was invited<br />

by ANA President Julia C. Stimson to meet with ANA’s<br />

Advisory Council to discuss the status of Black nurses<br />

in the profession. The site of the meeting was the St.<br />

Charles Hotel in New Orleans, where Black guests were<br />

required to use the service entrance and freight elevator.<br />

President Osborne called on ANA and President Stimson<br />

to adamantly protest this discrimination. Instead of<br />

protesting the discriminatory policy, President Stimson<br />

offered to enter the hotel with President Osborne through<br />

the service entrance. In the end, President Osborne<br />

decided against attending and ANA failed to step into a<br />

space of advocacy and support (Hine, 1989).<br />

President Osborne was the first Black nurse to earn<br />

a master’s degree in the U.S. and became the first Black<br />

nurse elected to the ANA board in 1948. However, after<br />

her four- year term, there were no Black nurses elected to<br />

the board again until 1970 (Carnegie, 1991). This lack of<br />

representation on the policy level for 22 years concerned<br />

many Black nurses, and when it was brought up at ANA’s<br />

1972 convention, it was communicated that the only<br />

obligation of ANA from the dissolution of NACGN was<br />

the awarding of the Mary Mahoney Award.<br />

In 1965, ANA approved a position paper on nursing<br />

education that recommended the minimum preparation<br />

for “beginning professional nursing practice should be a<br />

baccalaureate degree” (ANA, 1976). The stated rationale<br />

for this change was the increasing complexity of nursing<br />

activities and patient care. One result of ANA taking this<br />

position was the disenfranchisement of institutions and<br />

schools of nursing that were available to students of color<br />

and the exclusion of nurses who graduated from those<br />

programs. ANA sought to advance the educational level<br />

of nurses without ensuring that all nurses would have the<br />

same access to the education necessary to achieve the<br />

desired educational level for entry into the profession.<br />

There continues to be a need to examine how this policy<br />

advances nursing today and to examine strategies for<br />

ensuring that educational opportunities are equally<br />

available to all students, especially students of color.<br />

In 1970, Dr. Lauranne Sams organized a meeting with<br />

200 Black nurses for the primary purpose of organizing<br />

a Black nurse association. The group reported the<br />

following concerns (Carnegie, 1991):<br />

1. Concern over the absence of Black nurses in<br />

leadership positions at ANA.<br />

2. Limited opportunities for Black nurses to support and<br />

shape ANA policies.<br />

3. Persistent tokenism.<br />

4. Limited recognition of Black nurses’ contributions to<br />

the profession.<br />

5. Lack of significant increases in the number of Black<br />

registered nurses.<br />

6. No recognition of achievement with awards (other<br />

than the Mary Mahoney Award).<br />

7. Limited appointments of Black nurses to committees<br />

and commissions.<br />

In 1973, in her first address to the newly created<br />

National Black <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association (NBNA), Dr.<br />

Sams considered the question of why a Black <strong>Nurse</strong>s<br />

Association was needed:<br />

“No, I am speaking about all the past deficits and<br />

discriminatory practice which have continuously<br />

disgraced and limited the full potential, the<br />

development, the selfhood, and the self determination<br />

of Black folk. I am speaking about today, Here and<br />

Now.”<br />

In telling the history of the formation of the NBNA,<br />

the article From Invisibility to Blackness: The Story<br />

of the National Black <strong>Nurse</strong>s’ Association by Gloria<br />

R. Smith notes that there was a desire on the part of<br />

the <strong>Nurse</strong>s’ Associated Alumnae of the United States

<strong>August</strong>, September, October <strong>2022</strong> <strong>South</strong> <strong>Dakota</strong> <strong>Nurse</strong> Page 11<br />

and Canada and ANA for Black nurses to be members,<br />

but these professional associations granted them few<br />

privileges “other than paying dues” (1975, p. 225).<br />

Although by 1964 there were no tangible rules<br />

preventing membership for nurses of color, it was evident<br />

that exclusionary practices and a failure to represent all<br />

nurses remained. Similar to the concerns raised by Black<br />

nurses, in 1974, led by Dr. Ildaura Murillo- Rhode, a<br />

group of 12 Hispanic nurses who were also members of<br />

ANA came together to consider establishing a Hispanic<br />

<strong>Nurse</strong>s Caucus within ANA because “ANA was not<br />

being responsive to the needs of Hispanic nurses”<br />

(National Association of Hispanic <strong>Nurse</strong>s, <strong>2022</strong>).<br />

Ultimately, this core group and their organizing efforts<br />

led to the establishment of the National Association of<br />

Hispanic <strong>Nurse</strong>s (NAHN). Today, “NAHN members<br />

advocate, educate, volunteer, seek partnerships, and<br />

conduct programming in the Latino community to<br />

improve outcomes, elevate literacy, heighten education,<br />

and influence policy. We also work collaboratively with<br />

others to improve health equity and to create a future<br />

in which everyone regardless of race or ethnicity has<br />

opportunities to be healthy.”<br />

ANA recognizes that issues of racism persist today<br />

and continue to harm nurses of color. Findings from<br />

the Commission’s 2021 national survey on racism in<br />

nursing (n = 5,600) noted that racist acts are principally<br />

perpetrated by colleagues and those in positions of<br />

power. Over half of nurses surveyed (63%) said they had<br />

personally experienced an act of racism in the workplace<br />

with the transgressors being either a peer (66%) or<br />

a manager or supervisor (60%). Fifty-six percent of<br />

respondents also noted that racism in the workplace has<br />

negatively impacted their professional well-being. During<br />

listening sessions with nurses of color convened by ANA<br />

and the Commission, persistent themes of stereotyping,<br />

prejudice, discrimination, exclusion, oppression,<br />

tokenism, inequity, and insistence on conformity and<br />

assimilation were found (National Commission, 2021).<br />

The impact of these experiences is demoralization,<br />

exhaustion, spirit murder (murder of the soul), invisible<br />

workload, silence, invisibility and self-doubt.<br />

“The power in nursing is primarily held by middleage<br />

to old-age white women who have just recently<br />

begun to consider racism in nursing care. There are<br />

racist principles that have been carried down through<br />

history and never challenged.”<br />

(Anonymous Quote, National Commission to Address<br />

Racism in Nursing, 2021)<br />

Seeking Forgiveness<br />

As leaders of ANA, we apologize for the named<br />

and the unaccounted-for harms. Our past actions have<br />

caused irreparable physiological, psychological and<br />

socioeconomic harm, not only to nurses of color but to<br />

all patients, families and communities that depend on<br />

ANA as the national leader of the nursing profession. We<br />

failed to live up to the professional values established<br />

through the Code of Ethics for <strong>Nurse</strong>s (ANA, 2015) and<br />

our social contract that guides the relationship between<br />

the nursing profession and society and their reciprocal<br />

expectations (ANA, 2010). In addition, as ANA sought<br />

to “professionalize” nursing, we failed to support a<br />

robust education approach that included the appropriate<br />

preparation to care for ALL our patients, especially<br />

patients of color.<br />

More specifically, we apologize to all nurses of<br />

color. Not only is the profession richer for your having<br />

persisted, but the people you cared for and continue to<br />

care for today have been better served. ANA failed to<br />

uphold your work and support you as you advanced in<br />

nursing and worked to improve the profession. Having<br />

failed you, ANA also failed in supporting and caring for<br />

communities of color and other marginalized people.<br />

We apologize to the ethnic-minority nurse<br />

associations that have ably represented the needs of their<br />

nurses and communities. Early in the profession’s history,<br />

there was a stated desire for one association to meet the<br />

needs of all nurses. ANA only represented the needs of<br />

some nurses and some patients. <strong>Nurse</strong> leaders of color<br />

stepped into the breach. ANA’s failure to lead resulted<br />

in a fragmentation of the profession that contributed<br />

to a fragmentation in nursing care for minoritized<br />

communities.<br />

Moving Forward<br />

As important as it is to reconcile ANA’s history, our<br />

path points toward the future and actions that should<br />

be taken as a means of holding ANA accountable,<br />

continuing reconciliation to repair the breach and<br />

becoming a restored association. Each of the actions<br />

below will lead to additional actions and efforts as ANA<br />

continues the journey.<br />

Therefore, the ANA Board of Directors will:<br />

• Continue to reckon with and apologize for past<br />

harms that are made known to ANA.<br />

• Engage in direct reconciliation with each of the<br />

ethnic-minority nurse associations.<br />

• Develop and implement a diversity, equity and<br />

inclusion impact analysis that is considered in all<br />

policies and positions of the association.<br />

• Initiate an oral history project dedicated to<br />

amplifying the contributions by nurses of color to<br />

ANA and the nursing professions.<br />

Therefore, the American <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association will:<br />

• Continue to serve as a partner in and support<br />

the National Commission to Address Racism in<br />

Nursing as it strives to create antiracist practices<br />

and environments.<br />

• Advocate for and follow established guidance on<br />

the reporting of race and ethnicity in professional<br />

journals and publications.<br />

• Advocate for appropriate representation and<br />

inclusion in textbooks and other educational<br />

material.<br />

• Actively engage in a program of diversity, equity<br />

and inclusion within the association.<br />

• Provide transparency into the race and ethnic<br />

makeup of the ANA Board of Directors, leadership<br />

and staff.<br />

• Deliberately work to build diversity within ANA’s<br />

volunteer and governance structure.<br />

Conclusion<br />

We, as ANA, are on a journey — a journey of<br />

reckoning and reconciliation, forgiveness, and healing.<br />

This journey will take some time, but it is one that ANA<br />

is fully committed to. We invite others to join us as<br />

ANA seeks to strengthen who we are as a professional<br />

association and the broader nursing profession through<br />

inclusion, diversity and equity as we strive for antiracist<br />

nursing practices and environments.<br />

“As nurses we need to unlearn much of what we<br />

thought we knew about racism — and get comfortable<br />

being uncomfortable about our profession and our own<br />

way of being — need to see nursing through a new<br />

lens and be open to what we might see versus stating<br />

that racism does not exist.”<br />

(Anonymous Quote, National Commission to Address<br />

Racism in Nursing, 2021)<br />

References<br />

American <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association. (2015). Code of ethics for<br />

nurses with interpretive statements. American <strong>Nurse</strong>s<br />

Association.<br />

American <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association. (2010). Nursing’s social policy<br />

statement: The essence of the profession. American<br />

<strong>Nurse</strong>s Association.<br />

American <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association. (1976). One strong voice: The<br />

story of the American <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association. American<br />

<strong>Nurse</strong>s Association.<br />

Carnegie, M.E. (1991). The path we tread: Blacks in nursing,<br />

1854-1990. National League for Nursing Press.<br />

Hine, D.C. (1989). Black women in white: Racial conflict<br />

and cooperation in the nursing profession 1890–1950.<br />

Indiana University Press.<br />

National Association of Hispanic <strong>Nurse</strong>s. (2021). History.<br />

https://www.nahnnet.org/history.<br />

National Commission to Address Racism in Nursing. (2021).<br />

Defining Racism. final-defining-racism-june-2021.pdf<br />

(nursingworld.org).<br />

National Commission to Address Racism in Nursing. (2021).<br />

Summary Report: Listening Sessions on Racism in<br />

Nursing. final-racism-in-nursing-listening-sessionreport-june-2021.pdf<br />

(nursingworld.org).<br />

National Commission to Address Racism in Nursing.<br />

(<strong>2022</strong>). Survey Shows Substantial Racism in Nursing.<br />

(nursingworld.org).<br />

Sams, L. (1973, September). Presidential Address. National<br />

Black <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association. Cleveland; Ohio.<br />

Smith, G.R. (1975). From invisibility to blackness: The story of<br />

the National Black <strong>Nurse</strong>s Association. Nursing Outlook,<br />

23(4), 225-229.

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