South Dakota Nurse - August 2022

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South Dakota



Vol. 13 • Number 3 Quarterly publication distributed to approximately 16,450 Registered Nurses and Licensed Practical Nurses in South Dakota


By M. Claire May, South

Dakota Nurses Foundation

Community Board Member

Drive, Dedication, Hard Work, and Mindfulness

Assuredly, it does take plenty

of drive, dedication, hard work,

and mindfulness to complete a

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

at Northern Kentucky University

in Highlands Heights, KY, in

2022. In addition to her graduate

studies, this South Dakota Nurses

Foundation 2021 SDNF Scholarship recipient fulfills her

responsibilities to the South Dakota State University (SDSU),

Aberdeen, College of Nursing Accelerated BSN program

students as a full-time lecturer. Furthermore, she is on call as

needed as an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) staff nurse at Avera

St. Luke's, Aberdeen, SD. This phenomenally focused woman

is none other than Instructor Lyncee Monson.

Monson tells her story.

“I was born and raised in [Groton, SD], graduating from

Groton High School and [getting] my bachelor's in Nursing

at Presentation College in Aberdeen, SD. My background

in healthcare began in my teens when I took a position as

a Certified Nursing Assistant at a local nursing home. I

come from a long line of healthcare workers, and despite my

desire to ‘do something different,’ I ended up accepting the

calling and began my career as a Registered Nurse in 2001.

“My clinical practice began on the Medical floor at

Avera St. Luke's [Aberdeen, SD], and I soon went on to

work in Intensive Care, Cardiac Rehab, and as a House

Supervisor. In 2006, I also took an adjunct position as a

clinical instructor and really enjoyed training nursing

students. I continued to work as a clinical instructor for

both PC [Presentation College] and SDSU. In 2014, I

graduated with my Master's in Nursing Education from

Western Governor's University [Salt Lake City, Utah].

“In 2015 I took a full-time position at SDSU. I continue

to keep an active clinical practice working as a staff nurse

in both ICU and Cardiac Rehab. I live in rural Groton, SD,

with my two daughters, Hailey and Hannah. I am excited

that both of my daughters are interested in healthcare

careers. Hailey, 19, is beginning her nursing courses this

fall at SDSU in Brookings, and Hannah will be a junior at

Groton High School.”

current resident or

Presort Standard

US Postage


Permit #14

Princeton, MN


Monson chose the DNP program as it is a practicefocused

doctorate. “I am very passionate about education.

I believe that effective nurse educators have a strong

background in practice and should be able to integrate

current practice with progressive, evidence-based theory.”

“While the most common doctorate for educators

is the PhD, the DNP can be better suited for the nurse

educator. A PhD is focused on research, while the DNP

prepared educator has a strong background in clinical,

are considered practice experts, and can help students

effectively integrate evidence-based practice into all

elements of patient care,” she elaborated. Monson’s bottom

line is patient safety and promoting collaboration amongst

professions to assure the best possible care for patients.

“The DNP nurse will evaluate research, collate

best practices, and initiate practice changes to improve

healthcare practice. Currently, I am working on an

onboarding program for new graduate nurses to ease the

transition into practice, improve critical thinking skills, and

build resiliency amongst new nurses through simulation

activities, didactic coursework, and reflective discussion.”

Monson seeks to influence change in the nursing

practice. “I hope to work with nurse scientists to lead

change in my practice setting where currently only one

bedside nurse has a doctorate.” In healthcare, change is

inevitable and necessary to assure good patient outcomes.

Monson clarified her role as an educator. “I am

challenged to facilitate effective learning, communicate

clearly, and help students develop critical thinking skills.

Through assessment, I can identify the experiences and

skills that the student brings and implement teaching

approaches that affirms the student and supports them in

constructing meaningful nursing knowledge and skills.”

“My greatest strength is probably my ability to bring

a personal touch to teaching and patient care in the form

of humor and storytelling,” interjected Monson. “I find

that adding humor helps to reduce stress and tension,

improves retention of information, and promotes creative

understanding. Demonstrating a good sense of humor can

help the new graduate nurse to develop their own coping

strategies, which will benefit them throughout their

careers and help to relieve stress, prevent burnout, and

increase job satisfaction.”

She added, “I like to interweave my instruction

with personal stories to help them visualize a scenario,


2022 South Dakota Nurses Foundation Scholarships .. 3

President’s Message .........................3

District News ..............................4

2022 SDNA Annual Convention ...............5

SDNA Candidates for Office. .................6

Welcome New Members. .....................7

2022 SDNA Calendar of Events. ...............7

helping them retain the content and principles that

I am trying to teach. It is important that education

includes the opportunity to role model patient advocacy,

professionalism, and the EBP change process. Storytelling

is a fundamental component of effective teaching, and

sharing my personal stories of how patient advocacy and

EBP positively impacted a patient helps light that fire in

our next generation of nurses.”

Monson's doctorate project is titled “Supporting

New Nurse Transition into Practice: Development of

a Structured Orientation Program.” “This project was

designed at the request of my practice facility in order

to create an organized approach to orientation of new

graduates to facilitate an improved transition into

practice. This project has included the restructuring of the

orientation competency checklist, integration of a learning

management system, development of didactic coursework,

creation of an unfolding simulation, and design of a

debriefing exercise to promote critical thinking and

resiliency in practice," she said.

Not only is she driven by her passion for the profession,

Monson also finds inspiration through her colleagues and

family. "I have been lucky enough to have an amazing

group of family and friends that have helped me become

who I am today. Professionally, I have been exposed to so

many amazing nurses, both educators and practice nurses.

Lastly, I certainly wouldn't be the person I am today

without learning from the patients and students that have

been in my life. They have all taught me the strength of

the human spirit!"

On a personal note, Monson and her daughters enjoy

camping, girl trips, and will “travel to anywhere with a

beach.” Monson’s bucket list includes “a trip to Europe.”

The fourth member of the family, Rylee, a Treeing Walker

Coonhound, does not do much traveling with the family

because “she howls too much.”

“Drive, dedication, hard work, and insight/

mindfulness” are the pillars that anchor Monson as she

completes the excellent work of the DNP that she has

begun. As a future Doctor of Nursing Practice, Monson

sees "the potential to revolutionize the current healthcare

system and contribute meaningfully to the evolution of our

profession in education, practice, research, and service to

our communities.”

The SDNF awards scholarships to nurses who reflect

the foundation's education, research, and service purposes.

Find details at https://sdnursesassociation.nursingnetwork.


Auction Items Needed. .......................8

Membership Application .....................8

WHY NURSING? ..........................9

American Nurses Association Elects Jennifer Mensik

Kennedy As New National President. .............9

ANA’s Racial Reckoning Statement. ........... 10

Page 2 South Dakota Nurse August, September, October 2022

SDNA Board of Directors


Term: 2021-2023

Deb Fischer Clemens

District 10


Vice President

Term: 2021-2023

Kay Foland

District 1, 2, 3

Office: 605.394.2878



Term: 2020-2022

Dawn R. Warren

District 2

Office: 605.791.6348



Term: 2021-2023

Sara Watson

District 5-7


Government Relations

Committee (GRC) Chair

Term: 2020-2022

Ashley Kingdon-Reese

District 5-7

Huron, SD


W: 605.352.4663

President, District 1-3

Term: 2020-2022

Linda Wolden


President, District 4

Term: 2022-2024

Carrie Clausen-Hansen


President, District 5-7

Term: 2020-2021

Sara Watson


President, District 8 & 9

Term: 2021-2023

Venita Winterboer


President, District 10

Term 2020-2022

Gala Woitte


Cell: 605-376-8639

President, District 11

Term: 2021-2023

Charlene Bierema


SDNA Staff

Eric Ollila

Executive Director

PO Box 1015 Pierre SD 57501

Phone: 271.7708

Fax: 888.600.1232


Revised Feb. 2021

The SOUTH DAKOTA NURSE is published quarterly

every February, May, August and November by the South

Dakota Nurses Association (a constituent member of

the American Nurses Association) and Arthur L. Davis

Publishing Agency, Inc. All rights reserved by copyright.

This newspaper or parts there of must not be reproduced in

any form without permission in writing from the publishers.


For advertising rates and information, please contact

Arthur L. Davis Publishing Agency, Inc., PO Box 216,

Cedar Falls, Iowa 50613, (800) 626-4081. SDNA and the

Arthur L. Davis Publishing Agency, Inc. reserve the right

to reject any advertisement. Responsibility for errors in

advertising is limited to corrections in the next issue or

refund of price of advertisement.

Acceptance of advertising does not imply endorsement

or approval by the South Dakota Nurses Association

of products advertised, the advertisers, or the claims

made. Rejection of an advertisement does not imply a

product offered for advertising is without merit, or that

the manufacturer lacks integrity, or that this association

disapproves of the product or its use. SDNA and the Arthur

L. Davis Publishing Agency, Inc. shall not be held liable

for any consequences resulting from purchase or use of an

advertiser’s product. Articles appearing in this publication

express the opinions of the authors; they do not necessarily

reflect views of the staff, board, or membership of SDNA

or those of the national or local associations.


ETC. 2022 deadlines for articles submitted to the South

Dakota Nurse: October 7 – November issue.

The South Dakota Nurse accepts and encourages

manuscripts or editorials. We will determine which letters

and articles are printed by the availability of publication

space and appropriateness of the material. We welcome

signed letters of 300 words or less, typed and double spaced

and articles of 1,500 words or less. All materials should be

mailed to: South Dakota Nurses Association, P.O. Box 1015,

Pierre, SD 57501 or e-mailed to: contactus@sdnurses.org.

The views expressed in the articles and editorials are those

of the individual contributors and do not necessarily reflect

the viewpoint of SDNA.

South Dakota Nurse is the newsletter of the South Dakota

Nurses Association. Direct inquiries about SDNA or this

newsletter to:

South Dakota Nurses Association

PO Box 1015, Pierre, SD 57501

Phone: 605-945-4265

Fax: 1-888-600-1232

Email: contactus@sdnurses.org

Website: www.sdnursesassociation.org

‘Like’ us on Facebook!



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forward to more milestones in the future.”

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To learn more or to apply, visit www.universalpediatrics.com

August, September, October 2022 South Dakota Nurse Page 3

2022 South Dakota Nurses

Foundation Scholarships

October 1st Deadline



Carman Timmerman, EdD, RN (ret.)

SDNF Treasurer and

Scholarship Committee Chair

With appreciation for the many individuals who’ve

contributed to the South Dakota Nurses Foundation,

the South Dakota Nurses Foundations is proud to offer

these scholarships for nurses advancing their education.

Here are the details about the 2022 scholarships:

South Dakota Nurses Foundation

Scholarship (1 available):


Purpose—To support a registered nurse pursuing

a master’s or doctoral degree with the career goal of

education program.


1. Current South Dakota resident.

2. Current South Dakota RN license.

3. Member of SDNA for at least one year.

4. Graduate student pursuing a master’s or doctoral

degree in nursing or a related field in an

accredited program with the goal of practicing

nursing in a South Dakota high need area or

teaching in a South Dakota baccalaureate or

higher degree nursing education program.

5. Cumulative GPA 3.0 or higher upon completion

of highest degree, i.e., baccalaureate nursing

program or master’s in nursing program.

6. Career goals and personal qualities congruent

with South Dakota Nurses Foundation purposes.

7. Evidence of leadership, compassion, involvement

in professional organization(s), professional

activities, and community service.

Rita H. Walsh Scholarship (2 available):


Purpose—To support a person pursuing a nursing

education. The scholarship will be awarded annually for

the spring semester.

Criteria (please note these are NEW, and

BROADER criteria)

1. Current South Dakota resident.

2. Current South Dakota RN license if an RN.

3. A student pursuing a bachelor’s degree (or higher)

in nursing.

4. Demonstrates the qualities of patient advocacy,

patient education, compassion and leadership.

Marianne M. Stenvig Scholarship

(1 available):


Purpose—To support a male registered nurse in

pursuit of his educational goals.


1. Current South Dakota resident.

2. Current South Dakota RN license.

3. Male RN pursuing a graduate degree in nursing

(preferred) or a related field in an accredited


4. SDNA membership preferred.

5. Career goals consistent with South Dakota Nurses

Foundation purposes of education, research and


6. Evidence of leadership, compassion, involvement

in professional organization(s), professional

activities, and community service.

Dr. Carl and Leona Stadler Scholarship

(1 available)

Amount—$500 (may be funded for a second year if


Purpose—To support a Native American student’s

nursing education.


1. South Dakota resident.

2. Enrolled member of a recognized tribal nation in

South Dakota.

3. Admitted to the South Dakota State University

College of Nursing.

4. Documentation of enrollment in Semester 1 or 2

of the standard undergraduate nursing major at

Rapid City site.

5. Documentation of tribal enrollment (form BIA-

4432 or equivalent).

6. Application must include a 500-word essay

describing “My Passion for Learning.”

7. Selected scholarship recipients who remain

in good standing will be funded for a second

consecutive year without reapplication.

Scholarships’ Application Deadline:

A postmark or email date of October 1, 2022 is

the deadline for the South Dakota Nurses Foundation


Award Date for Scholarships: Fall 2022

Applying for More Than One


If you meet the criteria for more than one

scholarship, consider applying for more than one


Application Materials for Scholarships:

Access the South Dakota Nurses Association (SDNA)

website at www.sdnursesassociation.org / South Dakota

Nurses Foundation / Scholarships. Alternatively,

contact the South Dakota Nurses Association office at

contactus@sdnurses.org or 605.945.4265.

Questions About Scholarship Eligibility

and Applications:

Contact Carman Timmerman, SDNF Scholarship

Chair and SDNF Treasurer, at 605.391.4053 or


Supporting the South Dakota Nurse


The fact that these scholarships are available

underscores the generosity of South Dakota nurses as

well as their families and friends. We thank you for

that generosity. If you are interested in donating to

the South Dakota Nurses Foundation, your gift will

help sustain the Foundation’s efforts to endorse the

nursing profession as SDNF promotes positive health

care changes in South Dakota. Please make your check

payable to South Dakota Nurses Foundation Fund

and send your check to South Dakota Community

Foundation ~ Box 296 ~ Pierre, SD 57501.

SDNA Convention to

be in Sioux Falls in

October; and Time to

pass Amendment D

Deb Fischer Clemens, President, SDNA

Happy Summer. I am not

sure about you, but I am finding

it hard to believe we only have

half of the summer left. My

advice is to take time to enjoy

this South Dakota summer.

One thing that brings my

thoughts to the fall is the

planning for our annual SDNA

Convention. As chair of the

planning committee, our group

has put together a powerful group

of nurse leaders to provide panel

discussions. The convention Deb Fischertheme

of “Better Together – Clemens

Nurses are Community” provides the opportunity to learn

and discuss the roles and work of nurses in our community

outside of the hospital and long-term care environment. As

you consider attendance for the event on October 2nd & 3rd

at the Sioux Falls Ramkota, plan to be wowed by the work

of these community nurse leaders.

We will hear about school nurses, community health

workers, legislators, palliative care network and state

department nurses. I am confident that it will be a

valuable learning experience. I am excited to see you

all and hear how you are all doing. Plan to bring an

auction item.

As I close this out let me add one thing about

Medicaid Expansion. Effective Monday July 11th at

5:00pm IM28 was pulled from the ballot by the sponsor.

We are grateful to have all Medicaid Expansion

supporters working together now to pass Amendment D.

It is exciting to have the Dakotan for Health volunteers

joining with the strongest, broadest, bipartisan coalition

members. From the beginning as history tells us that

a Constitutional Amendment is the way to achieve our

goal of expansion for the working poor to have access to

Medicaid by July 2023.

Thank you in advance for any help you can provide

in speaking to others and asking for support of

Amendment D.

Do you want off rotating shifts? Do you want

holidays off? Do you want the possibility of

working a condensed workweek?

This could be for you!

The South Dakota Department of Health

is hiring a full time Registered Nurse II/

Health Facilities Surveyor.

Areas surveyed include nursing practices,

medication administration and pharmaceutical

standards of care, patient activities, dietary,

infection control, resident rights, and physical

environment. The Surveyor’s role is to ensure

compliance with state and federal regulations

for the protection of health and safety hazards.

Travel and get paid per diem, as well as the

use of a state vehicle while on the road. These

position(s) have the option of being located in

multiple locations throughout the State.

Come join us!

For more information and to apply, please go

to http://bhr.sd.gov/workforus

or contact any South Dakota Department of

Labor and Regulation Local Office.

Page 4 South Dakota Nurse August, September, October 2022

District News

District 1, 2, 3 Report

We met with a hybrid meeting on 6/16/2022 at

Minerva’s Restaurant and with members also attending

by Zoom. Our May meeting to celebrate Nurses’ Week

was postponed due to myself contracting Covid. Our

meeting’s highlight was our guest speaker: Yuliya

Grassby, a nurse originally from Ukraine. She did not

pursue getting her RN licensure after her entry to the

US but pursued additional education with a degree in

Healthcare Administration and has worked in several

capacities for the past 20 years. She is currently with

Phoenix University’s nursing program in compliance

and licensure. Her presentation focused on her mission

trip home several years ago and noted that war injuries

from Russian aggression has been ongoing since 2014.

An overview of Ukraine since 2000 provided a very

interesting and informative presentation. Ms. Grassby

provided information on where donations are best

utilized for the current war. Her parents and other

family members remain in Ukraine and currently are


The limitations of a individual Zoom account was

noted in time (40 min) and that holding a Zoom in a

public place was not conducive for the participation of

the Zoom audience.

Our next meeting is scheduled for August 9, 2022

at 5pm, this will be held by Zoom due to my absence.

Topics will include: donation to a Ukraine support

agency, convention auction items, nominations for

award recipients, setting topics for future meetings and

meeting frequency.

A PDF with information presented by Ms. Grassby

and the suggested agencies for donations can be

forwarded to any interested parties.

Linda Wolden, RN, BSN, District 1,2,3 President

lrwolden@gmail.com 605 381 1289

District 5-7 Report

Hello, fellow nurses.

Are you ready to get involved? Let me tell you how;

we currently have leadership positions available right

here in Districts 5-7. Feel free to reach out to me via

email, text, or phone call to serve today.

District 5-7 is a strong supporter of future nurses

in South Dakota. We have the pleasure of five nursing

schools in our districts. Shout out to Faculty and

students at Lake Area Technical College, Sinte Gleska

University, Dakota Wesleyan University, Mitchell

Technical College, and Southeast Technical College.

Our social media following on Facebook has been

continuing to grow. Everyone is welcome to follow

us and check out giveaways of donated prizes, news,

articles, statics, and events both locally and at the state


Just a reminder Ashley Kingdon-Reese from our

district is running for GRC chair again so don’t forget to

vote. There are many great future leaders of the SDNA

board awaiting to serve as you vote them into office this

fall. It will be awesome to connect with you all at the

Annual Convention in Sioux Falls on Sunday, October

2, 2022, from 8:00 am CT - Monday, October 3, 2022,

at 4:00 pm CT2022! 3200 W Maple St. Sioux Falls, SD

57107 don’t forget to register.

District 5-7 would like to remind its members

that nominations are due by September 1, so let’s

highlight nurses in our districts and celebrate them

with nominating for the following awards: District

Nurse of the Year Award, Rookie of the Year Award,

Distinguished Service Award, Nursing Practice Award,

Joy of Nursing Award, Pioneer in Nursing Award, The

Nurse Educator Award, SDNA Hall of Fame Award.

Can’t wait to celebrate the awesome nurses of District

5-7! Ashley and I are serving locally on the nursing

taskforce to address how the Huron area can:

1) Maintain and sustain the nursing programs and

expand opportunities of support for addition

health care roles in community.

2) Ensure enrollment

3) Develop strategies so students stay in our


It has been awesome to connect with many caring

community leaders at the HRMC hosted meeting. The

group is mixed members who are stakeholders in the

future of our profession.

The last area I have been working on is planning for

the 2023 Annual Nursing Convention hosted by District

5-7 next year. We are forming planning committees

with district members.

The committees are:

Convention Program Committee (5-10 members)

Exhibit/Sponsor Committee (5 members)

Registration/Hospitality Committee (5-7 members)

Auction Committee (5-10 members that are not

on the Registration/Hospitality Committee –

activities take place at the same time)

Decorations Committee (2-5 members)

To stay up-to-date with district news, check out the

Facebook link to follow us is: https://www.facebook.


Looking forward to hearing from you,

Sara Watson, MBA, MSN, RN

District 5-7 President

SDNA Treasurer


Cell (605) 353-5799

District 8&9 Report

In May District 8 & 9 hosted representatives of

“Feeding Brookings.” They presented the history of the

Feeding Brookings organization and shared information

about food insecurity in the area. The program

originally began serving around 75 families and has

grown to currently feeding about 300. The organization

is staffed by volunteers who pack boxes and assist with

delivery. Several District 8 & 9 members volunteered

this summer with the program.

In June, Deb Soholt presented an overview of

“Influential She.” SDNA members were treated to

information on podcasts, blogs and social media posts

that can help accelerate women’s influence. Deb shared

the 10 identified high leverage practices (HLPs) that

“Influential She” refers to as the “Talismanic 10.”

Attendees learned more about each HLP as well as

some of the influential women featured in the podcasts

on the website that have overcome hardship and become

influential in a variety of fields.

Venita Winterboer, District 8& 9 President

District 10 Report

District 10 is very excited to be hosting the SDNA

Fall conference on Oct. 2 and 3 at the Ramkota Hotel

and Conference Center, 3200 W Maple St. Sioux Falls

SD 57107. We have been busy working on putting on

a Fabulous conference. We have been meeting once a

month to discuss our progress. Our next meeting is July

19th at 6pm at Scooters 57th and Western.

If you would like to be involved please reach me at

gwoitte@gmail.com or Marie Cissell marieanncissell@

gmail.com or come to the meetings and we can find

something you will enjoy doing.

Our conference will be a panel presentation with

every speaker having a nursing background. I am

so excited to be a part of this program. Deb Fischer

Clemens and her committee has worked hard to put

together an outstanding program.

We have a block of rooms saved for this conference.

Online Registration is here: https://bit.ly/3LNFheF.

We will also have a live and silent auction. Items are

still needed for both auctions.

Please let us know if you have any questions on the

auction items. These will be brought to the conference

for display and bidding.

We are looking forward to seeing you at the


Gala Woitte District 10 President



District 11 Report

District # 11 met April 19, 2022, at Sanford

Vermillion Hospital. D. Sternhagen representative from

Call to Freedom was the guest speaker. Call to Freedom

is an organization that deals with human trafficking.

The District did not meet during the months of May

and June.

Charlene Bierema, District # 11 President

Join SDNA Today!



August, September, October 2022 South Dakota Nurse Page 5

2022 South Dakota Nurses Association Annual Convention

October 2-3, Best Western PLUS Ramkota, Sioux Falls, South Dakota

2022 South Dakota Nurses Association Annual Convention

October 2-3, Best Western PLUS Ramkota, Sioux Falls, South Dakota

Page 6 South Dakota Nurse August, September, October 2022

SDNA Candidates for Office


Carol Stewart, DNP, FNP-BC,


• School/College of Nursing:

Mount Marty University,

University of Mary, Rocky

Mountain University

• Area of Practice: Rural

healthcare as a RN,

Family and Psychiatric

Mental Health Nurse

Practitioner; Nursing

Education - teaching

experience at the Practical Nursing, Bachelor

of Science in Nursing and Master of Science in

Nursing programs

• Present position and place of employment:

Associate Professor of Nursing, Graduate Program

Director, FNP Track and Clinical Coordinator

- Mount Marty University; Family and Psychiatric

Mental Health Nurse Practitioner – Wapiti Medical

Staffing and NativeArc Medical Staffing (work

primarily at Indian Health Services)

• Professional Organization Activities at District

(Region), Council, State, National Level(s) for the

past five years, including Student Association office:


MNNP, Sigma Theta Tau International Nursing

Society, and PEO (current chapter president);

Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education

(CCNE): Site Evaluator’ Quality Matters: Master


• Personal Statement: My professional goal is to

provide high-level, evidence-based care to benefit

a diverse population while gaining knowledge and

understanding to further benefit clients and students

I serve while enhancing professional growth.

Throughout my nursing career, I have served in

various frontline and leadership positions in practice

and academia. I have served on the nominations

committee and am interested in becoming more

directly involved with the SDNA and look forward

to the opportunity to participate in the growth of the

nursing profession during these new and challenging



Ashley Kingdon-Reese

• School/College of

Nursing: (MBHCA)

Western Governor’s

University, (BSN) Dakota

Wesleyan University

• Additional Professional

Education: MBHCA,

SANE Trained, ANAI

Scholar, Goldman Sachs

10KSB Allumni, LNC,

Forensic Nurse Training,

Certified BLS Instructor

• Area of Practice: Home health, Behavioral health,

Assisted Living, Aging adults, Occupational

medicine, community outreach, memory care,

persons with disabilities, Chronic disease

management, patient advocacy, SANE trained- care

• Present position and place of employment: Executive

Director of Independent Health Solutions, COO

Angelhaus Huron, Owner & Co-founder PRN


• Professional Organization Activities at District

(Region), Council, State, National Level(s) for the

past five years, including Student Association office:

Current GRC Chair, ANAI Lobbyist Scholar 2022,

SDNA, ANA, SANE taskforce, Beadle County

COVID taskforce, Aging Adult Coalition, Goldman

Sachs 10kSB 2019, ANCA member

• Personal Statement: My goal is to continue to

serve SD nurses as GRC Chair and advocate for

our profession, policies, and patients regarding

legislative decisions. My focus will remain on

promoting policies which elevate the value of

nurses that assist the most vulnerable populations,

including workplace violence prevention, mental

health awareness, nurse burnout and shortage. I

hope to unite and amplify the voices of nurses in

ALL fields by continuing to seek input from YOU,

my fellow nurses.

Madeline Miller

• School/College of

Nursing: South Dakota

State University

• Additional Professional

Education: ANCC

Psychiatric and Mental

Health Nursing


• Area of Practice:

Psychiatry/Mental Health,

Addiction Medicine,

Pediatrics and Adults

• Present position and place of employment: Nurse

Manager, The Link Community Triage Center,

Sioux Falls, SD (Avera McKennan)

• Professional Organization Activities at District

(Region), Council, State, National Level(s) for the

past five years, including Student Association office:

Leadership South Dakota Program Participant,

2023 Cohort; SDNA Annual Conference Speaker,

2022 (upcoming); Sioux Falls Community Health

Improvement Plan (CHIP) Committee, 2022;

Registered Lobbyist and Bill Author (SB 136, HB

1121), 97th Legislative Session, 2022; Member

APNA 2018, 2019; Member SDNA, 2018, 2019,

2022; Sioux Falls Young Professionals Network,

2021, 2022; EmBe Center for Nursing Workforce

Leadership Program Participant, 2021 Cohort;

Avera Rising Nurse Leader Program Participant,

2018 Cohort

• Personal Statement: My personal mission is

to support and encourage others by fostering

meaningful relationships. These relationships are

incredibly important in the world of government.

As a registered nurse, I want to use my professional

position to advocate for my community members

and their families and to influence lawmakers to

develop public policies that will support our local

healthcare agencies and the people we serve..


Brittany Brennan, PhD, RN,


• School/College of

Nursing: 2009, BAN,

Concordia College,

Moorehead, MN

• Additional Professional

Education: 2016, MSN

Nursing Education,

Purdue Global University,

Davenport, IA; 2021,

PhD Nursing, SDSU,

Brookings, SD

• Area of Practice: Nursing Education, Simulation,

Critical Care

• Present position and place of employment:

Implementing and Expanding Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring in South Dakota

Funding Opportunity Currently Open for Applications

Funding Objective: Facilities could utilize American Medical Association and Johns Hopkins Blood

Pressure Control Program, Healthy Heart Ambassador Blood Pressure Self-Monitoring*, Check. Change.

Control, Million Hearts SMBP, Target: BP or similar program guidance to implement SMBP within their

practice, add additional patients to current program, or expand to additional providers or sites.*

RFA Release: October 1, 2021

RFA Due Date: This is a rolling funding opportunity. Applications will be reviewed as they are submitted.

Project Period: Project period lasts one calendar year, beginning one month after award

Anticipated Award Amount: $20,000 per facility (including up to $2,500 for purchase of blood

pressure cuffs)

Primary Contact: Rachel Sehr, Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Coordinator

Primary Contact Email: Rachel.Sehr@state.sd.us

Application Procedure: Applications are due via electronic submission to Rachel.Sehr@state.sd.us.

*Healthy Heart Ambassador Program is for non-clinical locations only. All awarded initiatives would be developed

and implemented with assistance from the 1815 team. 1815 team consists of experts from South Dakota Foundation for

Medical Care (SDFMC) and SD Department of Health who have knowledge and experience related to 1) data, workflow,

process analysis, 2) strategic plan development and implementation, 3) PDSA (Plan, Do, Study, Act) cycles, and 4) policy

and protocol development. Additional partners may be utilized as needed. All team members are available to awarded

facilities as a resource for accepted activities at no cost to the awardee.

View the full instructions and application at


August, September, October 2022 South Dakota Nurse Page 7

Beginning in August 2022, Instructor, South Dakota State University College of

Nursing; 2013 to 2022, Nursing Instructor, Lake Area Technical College; 2010

to Present, PRN Registered Nurse Critical Care Unit, Prairie Lakes Healthcare

System; 2019 to Present, Clinical Teaching Assistant, South Dakota State


• Professional Organization Activities at District (Region), Council, State, National

Level(s) for the past five years, including Student Association office: Sigma Theta

Tau International Honor Society of Nursing, Phi Chapter Member, 2008-present;

Phi Chapter Leadership Succession Committee, 2020-present; 2019 STTI Research

Day Conference Poster Judge, 2020 Research Grant Recipient, & 2022 Presenter;

National League for Nursing Member, 2013-present, NLN Mary Anne Rizzolo

Doctoral Research Award Recipient, 2021; Graduate Nursing Student Academy

Member, 2014-2021; American Nurses Association and South Dakota Nurses

Association Member, 2015-present; Midwest Nursing Research Society Member,

2018-present; International Nursing Association for Clinical Simulation and

Nursing Member, 2020-present; Society for Simulation in Healthcare Member,

2021-present; Presenter at SSH International Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare

Conference, 2022, IMSH 2023 Content Reviewer for Research Abstracts

• Personal Statement: During the unprecedented times nursing has recently seen, it

has been more important than ever for nurses to be an advocate for the safety of

patients and themselves. I believe nurses individually and collectively, have the

power and passion to fulfill that advocacy role and inform practices and policies

in healthcare and nursing. By means of the SDNA, nurses have that collective

voice to address current nursing issues and concerns. My passion for nursing

and preparing the future generation of nurses has led me to seek opportunities to

influence change. On the nominations committee, I will promote nursing and seek

opportunities to develop future members and leaders in SDNA and nursing.

Stacy Eden

• School/College of Nursing: South Dakota State


• Area of Practice: Education, Acute Care, Correctional


• Present position and place of employment: Dakota

Wesleyan University, Administrative Chair of Nursing

• Professional Organization Activities at District (Region),

Council, State, National Level(s) for the past five

years, including Student Association office: SDNA

Nominations Committee, 2020-current

• Personal Statement: I love the phrase that decisions are

made by those who show up. This has somewhat become

a part of my mantra. As a part of the nominations committee, I would love to be a

part of getting others involved and helping others “show up.”

Dawn R. Warren

• School/College of Nursing: 1991, BSN, SDSU; 2000,

MSN, SDSU; 2014, EdD, USD

• Area of Practice: ED, ICU, and Nursing Education

• Present position and place of employment: USD

Department of Nursing, Rapid City, Site Director and


• Professional Organization Activities at District (Region),

Council, State, National Level(s) for the past five years,

including Student Association office:

o SDNA Secretary, 2016-2022

• Personal Statement: I have had the honor of being a RN

practicing in South Dakota since 1991, and I am a firm believer that if you want to

be involved in what is happening in our state in relation to nursing, then you must

be involved. I have worked in critical care, emergency nursing, nursing education,

and am currently the Director of the USD Department of Nursing at the Rapid City

site. I have been the SDNA Board Secretary since 2016. I would be honored to be

a part of the Nominations Committee.

District 1, 2 & 3

Katelynn Gray

Alex Vander Hoek

Jacquelyn Ahlcrona

Catherine Miglionico

Susan Mekala

Karen Murphy

Maretta Afraid of


Heather Hazen


Sept. 14-16

ANA Lobbyist Meeting


October 2

SDNA Board of

Directors Meeting

(Sioux Falls)


New Members

District 5-7

Amber Moody

Angela Deboer

District 8&9

Tara Rodriguez

District 10

Rachel Matthaei

Paula Pulse

Chase Ditmanson


Calendar of Events

If you have events that you want posted on the SDNA

Calendar of Events please contact the SDNA Office at

(605) 945-4265 or by email at


October 2-3

SDNA Annual

Convention (Sioux Falls)

October 10

SD Nurse Article

Submission Deadline

Ariel Neu

Joseph Ray

Deanna Stoll

Julie Bostic

Madeline Miller

Carrie Ensz

District 11

Karyl Yockey

Barbara Buss


December 1

District Leadership

Reporting Form Due to

SDNA Office

Page 8 South Dakota Nurse August, September, October 2022




PO Box 1015, Pierre, SD 57501

P: 605.945.4265 | F: 888.600.1232 | E: contactus@sdnurses.org
















RN employed full or part time


RN enrolled in baccalaureate, masters or doctoral program, at least nine (9) credit hours per calendar year

2022 South Dakota Nurses Association Annual Convention

Hello from SDNA District 10:

October 2-3, Best Western PLUS Ramkota, Sioux Falls, South Dakota

The South Dakota Nurses Association’s annual convention offers the opportunity for

nurses to build professional relationships and share practice and professional issues. The

2022 convention will be held October 2 and 3 at the Ramkota Hotel at 3200 West Maple

in Sioux Falls. Our celebration theme is Better Together: Nurses Are Community.

In addition to being our annual meeting, the annual convention serves as the primary

SDNA fundraiser, helping us to remain as a non-profit organization. The Auction

Committee seeks items to be auctioned at both the silent and live auctions. We are

asking for donations of 1) high-quality items and 2) theme baskets valued at $40 or more.

Moneys raised from these auctions will assist SDNA’s efforts to continue representation

of the nursing profession.

As in the past, individual members are encouraged to provide donated items and/or

baskets of items for the auction or ask businesses and organizations for a donation. Some

ideas for basket themes include baby, personal spa, wine, cooking, reading, family night,

etc. Baskets are a great opportunity to use your creativity to celebrate NURSING AND

THE SDNA. Any item is welcome!

Please contact us at contactus@sdnurses.org if you have any questions.

An Auction Item Form for donations is on our convention website here: https://bit.

ly/3LNFheF. Please complete one form for each item or basket donated. Forms should

accompany the auction item to the convention or be emailed to marcusgoodfellow25@


Attention District 5-7 members:

We will be hosting October

2023 Convention!

Beyond Excited!

Looking to fill a few committee positions: Convention Program Committee,

Exhibit/Sponsor Committee, Registration/Hospitality Committee, Auction Committee,

Decorations Committee.

If you are interested or know someone who is, please contact via text or phone call our

current District President Sara Watson (605) 353-5799.



RN who is unemployed

- OR - over 62 years of age & earning less than maximum allowed receiving Social Security benefits

- OR - enrolled in baccalaureate, masters or doctoral program, at least 20 credit hours per year




RN who is over 62 years of age and unemployed

- OR - who is totally disabled


RN employed full or part time

According to Federal tax law, you may claim 50% of your annual SDNA/ANA dues as a tax deduction. The other

50% are used in lobbying activities and are not tax deductible.









$17.82 $207.75

$12.04 $138.50

$6.27 $69.25





Read, sign the authorization, and enclose a check for the first month’s payment (amount shown in bold above); onetwelfth

(1/12) of your annual dues will be withdrawn from that checking account monthly, in addition to an annual

$6.00 (50¢ per month) service fee (total is amount above).

AUTHORIZATION: This authorizes ANA to withdraw 1/12 of my annual dues and any additional service fees

from the checking account designated by the enclosed check for the first month’s payment. ANA is authorized

to change the amount by giving the undersigned 30 days written notice. The undersigned may cancel this

authorization upon receipt by ANA of written confirmation of termination 20 days prior to the deduction date as

designated above. ANA will charge a $5.00 fee for return drafts.



___Full annual payment—automatic annual credit card payment (automatic renewal)

___Monthly payment from credit card

___Full annual payment---one year only

__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __

__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Visa/MasterCard _______ Expiration date

August, September, October 2022 South Dakota Nurse Page 9


Ashley Kingdon-Reese

WHY NURSING? No, seriously…why? You may have

asked yourself this question at one time in your career, but

maybe especially in light of recent events. You may have even

asked others this question, others who are just contemplating

a nursing career. We survived two long years (and counting)

of COVID torture only to end up in a staffing crisis with

amplified responsibilities, increased nurse violence, blurred

liabilities, and an obvious disregard from our legal system.


We all have our individual reasons as to why we serve as

nurses, but collectively the answer is the same, we were called

to do so. That calling may be generational with influence from

our family members who have also served. It may be a personal medical experience

that evoked feelings of responsibility to help those in need. At times, this calling may

seem like a thankless and demanding life commitment that has little reward, no matter

what specialty you are in. Here is where having a professional support system in place

can save a dedicated nurse from burnout. This is one reason why the SDNA and ANA

involvement are so important to our vocation and can support our decision to be nurses.

Lately I’ve taken solace in collaborating with fellow nurses in a national program,

American Nurse Advocacy Institute (ANAI). This remarkable opportunity offers a yearlong

mentored program, that educates and trains nurses to be more effective in advocacy

for our profession and our patients. This program promotes nurse collaboration and

works to unite us to lead legislative decisions that affect healthcare. We are EXPERTS at

patient care.

Healthcare decisions should be made by us, the experts. Not paid legislators that

will never hold the hand of a patient in crisis, or respond to an emergency code, or

design a person-centered care plan for an individual that cannot afford their prescribed

medications. We pay the consequences as care providers for decisions that often don’t

take into consideration the impact on us, the experts. It is time to lean in and lend

our voice to the legislative process. It is time to reignite nurses to reconnect with our

profession and invest our efforts in the prevention of poor decision making versus

cleaning up the wreckage afterward.

Nurses are not heroes, we MAKE heroes! We celebrate the Aides who go the

extra mile to support us, we praise the patients who meet their goals, we promote

those community resources that serve our most indigent, we nominate and elect nurse

legislators to represent our field; we MAKE heroes.

The ANAI program gave me the opportunity to meet hero-makers from all over

the country. We worked together to address opportunities that allow us to: Serve as an

advisor to state Nurses Associations in establishing legislative/regulatory priorities,

recommend strategies for execution in advancement of a policy issue, educate colleagues

about the political realities, and promote nurse engagement. More specifically, ANAI

encourages participants to contribute to column(s) in the state nurse association’s

newsletters; present at the annual convention; and participate in the lobby day, serving as

the “go to” contact for legislators within their district.

Since its introduction, ANAI has educated 229 nurse participants from 46 states.

I am proud to participate and represent South Dakota nurses in this year-long session.

Although the pandemic halted our in-person advocacy (meaning no field trip to DC), one

of the unforeseen benefits of virtual meetings is increased nurse teamwork; it’s been a

privilege to support fellow nurses in their endeavors to better our profession and protect

our patients.

This ANAI session has been wrought with complicated issues like nurse safety,

APRN full practice authority, safe staffing, nurse mental health, workplace violence,

continuing education, reproductive rights, telehealth practices, continuing education for

nurses, and of course COVID. Here is a limited highlight reel from a few nurses around

the Nation.

Indiana: Members Denise Kerley MSN, RN, CNRN, AG-CNS & Jean Ross

MHA, BSN, RN are working with the American Nurses Association and Indiana

State Nurses Association from October 2021 to October 2022 to focus on identifying

legislative opportunities to impact nurse staffing in Indiana. Denise and Jean are

counting on the stories and experiences of Indiana nurses to present legislative needs.

In fact, Denise and Jean will be conducting 1:1 interviews and surveys over late

fall and winter 2022 to further paint the personalized picture of a day in the life of

nurses. As reference, here is a link to the survey developed to reach nurses Indiana

Nurse Staffing Interviews (jotform.com)

Louisiana: Member Ahneyel Burkes is striving to enact R.S. 37:936 and R.S.

40:2009.13, relative to safe harbor protections for nurses; ViewDocument.aspx (la.

gov). allows nurses to invoke safe harbor in certain circumstances; to provide for a

procedure to invoke safe harbor; to require healthcare facilities to establish a safe

harbor process; to prohibit certain actions against nurses who invoke safe harbor; and

to provide for related matters.

Illinois: Member Elizabeth (Liz) Aquino is working on establishing the template

for a campaign school assisting nurses, and formally supporting this field.

Many others are still working to complete their projects, so stay tuned for more updates.

My project was focused on opposing Amendment C , which we South Dakotans defeated

on the ballot in June. The Legislature-driven measure was at complete odds with how the

Legislature itself is run. Ballot measures in South Dakota currently need only a simple

majority vote (50%+1) to be adopted, but Amendment C would have changed our constitution

by requiring any citizen initiative to pass legislation by a super-majority of 60%.

South Dakota nurses have a history of proposing health and safety initiatives like

seatbelt use, texting and driving laws, smoking in public, and car seat requirements,

and several SANE measures. If Amendment C passed, nurses (along with all citizens)

would have had to gain super-majority support, instead of obtaining a required number of

voters’ signatures to put a measure on the ballot. It was the type of amendment that the

SDNA, the ANA, and our valued ANAI were meant to defeat, and we did.

So why nursing? It’s simple. Because we make differences everywhere we go and in

everything we do. Because care, concern and professionalism are always our standard.

Because our nursing process is effective and efficient and may be applied to ALL aspects

including legislation. Because from the bedside to the boardroom, we nurses are called to

make heroes.

American Nurses Association

Elects Jennifer Mensik

Kennedy As New National


Shannon McClendon, shannon.mcclendon@ana.org

Keziah Proctor, keziah.proctor@ana.org

SILVER SPRING, MD - Today, the American Nurses

Association (ANA) Membership Assembly elected

Jennifer Mensik Kennedy, PhD, MBA, RN, NEA-

BC, FAAN, of the Oregon Nurses Association as the

association’s next president to represent the interests

of the nation’s more than 4.3 million registered nurses.

Mensik has more than 25 years of nursing experience in

a variety of settings ranging from rural critical access

hospitals and home health to hospital administration, and

academia. She has served as President of the Arizona

Nurses Association and 2nd Vice President and Treasurer

of ANA. The term of service for Dr. Mensik and all other

newly elected leaders will begin January 1, 2023.

ANA’s Membership Assembly also elected four members to serve as officers of

the 9-member board of directors. The newly elected board members are: Secretary

Amanda Oliver, BSN, RN, CCRN, of ANA – Illinois; Director-at-Large, Edward

Briggs, DNP, MS, APRN, of the Florida Nurses Association; Director-at-Large,

Jennifer Gil, MSN, RN, of the New Jersey State Nurses Association; and Director-at-

Large, Staff Nurse, David Garcia, MSN, BSN, RN, PCCN, of the Washington State

Nurses Association.

The following ANA board members will continue their terms: Susan Swart, EdD,

MS, RN, CAE, of ANA-Illinois as Vice President; Joan Widmer, MS, MSBA, RN,

CEN, of the New Hampshire Nurses Association as Treasurer; Amy McCarthy,

MSN, RNC-MNN, NE-BC, of the Texas Nurses Association as Director-at-Large;

and Marcus Henderson, MSN, RN, of the Pennsylvania State Nurses Association as

Director-at-Large, Recent Graduate.

Elected to serve on the Nominations and Elections Committee are: MaryLee

Pakieser, MSN, RN, FNP-BC, of ANA Michigan; Jennifer Tucker, MA, RN, of the

Minnesota Organization of Registered Nurses; and Kimberly Velez, MSN, RN, of

ANA - New York.


Day Shift/Night Shift RN/LPN

Make a difference in someone’s life every time you go to work!!

We are looking for a highly motivated individual to be part of our

caring and compassionate team here at Highmore Health. We are a

40 bed skilled nursing facility located 45 miles east of Pierre in a tight

knit, welcoming community. We are currently seeking a motivated and

highly organized individual with good communication skills. A full time

Charge Nurse works three 12 hour shifts a week and is responsible

for managing on-going care of residents, playing an active role in

collecting data, problem solving, and reporting. The Charge Nurse

ensures standards of care and practices are followed.

$5,000 sign on bonus!!

Competitive wages!!

Benefit package!!

Applications are available www.highmorehealth.com under the

Employment Tab or they can be picked up onsite at

410 8th St. SE Highmore, SD 57345.

May email resume to libby.jones@highmorehealth.com.

Page 10 South Dakota Nurse August, September, October 2022

ANA’s Racial Reckoning Statement


This is a journey.

Throughout our history, the American Nurses

Association (ANA) has sought to lead nursing into the

future. Through acts of omission, when we failed to

act, and commission, when ANA’s actions negatively

impacted nurses of color, we have caused harm and

perpetuated systemic racism. This statement serves as

a starting point for a journey during which we seek to

acknowledge past actions that continue to impact the

profession today and as a starting point of a new journey

toward the future.

ANA begins this journey in conjunction with the

efforts undertaken by the National Commission to

Address Racism in Nursing (the Commission). This

statement focuses on ANA’s own actions, while the

Commission seeks to address racism in nursing within

the broader profession. We recognize that as a leader,

ANA holds accountabilities at both the organizational

and the broader professional level. Through both

efforts, we are striving for a more inclusive, diverse,

and equitable professional organization and a nursing

profession that meets the needs of all people.

Our intention with this statement is to publicly

identify and acknowledge our past actions while

addressing the harms that continue today. The section

on ANA Reckoning is not meant to be a complete listing

of all ANA actions that have caused harm. Historical

exclusions of and transgressions against Black nurses

will be discussed in this document. This harm has

undoubtedly extended to all nurses of color. In addition,

there is much debate about labels and terms to identify

racialized minorities. We have chosen to use the term

“nurses of color” to reflect all nurses representing race

and ethnic groups. It is our intention to be fully inclusive

in the use of this language.

In the end, it is our actions that will truly reflect the

sincerity of this apology and serve as the underpinning

for forgiveness. For it is forgiveness that we seek —

forgiveness from nurses of color, the nursing profession

and the communities that have been harmed by our

actions. We fervently hope that this statement, its

subsequent work and the efforts of the Commission will

contribute to healing — individual healing for nurses,

reconciliation with the ethnic-minority nurse associations

and healing of the profession. ANA wants this statement

to reflect genuine reconciliation and acknowledgment

and hopes that it is a step toward forgiveness. Ultimately,

we seek to contribute to the healing of nursing.

ANA Reckoning

There is much that can be said about ANA’s history

and failure to include and represent the views and needs

of nurses of color. The examples below are not to be

considered as a complete reckoning of ANA’s past, but

they are representative of times and actions when ANA


To begin, we must acknowledge that from 1916 until

1964, ANA purposefully, systemically and systematically

excluded Black nurses. ANA’s predecessor organization,

the Nurses’ Associated Alumnae of the United States and

Canada, was open to alumnae associations of schools

of nursing, including Black hospitals and nurse training

schools (Hine, 1989). The Nurses’ Associated Alumnae

became the American Nurses Association, and in 1916,

the membership rules shifted away from an alumnaebased

membership to that of a state- and district-based

membership. This resulted in Black nurses being denied

membership in some state nurses associations. Despite

significant advocacy and pressure from the National

Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN),

this discrimination persisted. In 1946, the ANA House

of Delegates voted to adopt a statement that urged the

“removal, as rapidly as possible, of barriers that prevent

the full employment and professional development of

nurses belonging to minority racial groups” (Carnegie,

1991, p. 76). And in 1948, the ANA House of Delegates

established an “Individual Membership Category” that

was open to all nurses who were not accepted through

a state or district association. However, it was not

until 1964 that a final district in Louisiana dropped its

discriminatory rule for membership (Carnegie, 1991).

This timeline reflects the failure of ANA leaders to

aggressively pursue changes in its discriminatory

membership rules and allow for full membership

regardless of race. While membership within ANA

was hard fought by NACGN, the full inclusion of Black

nurses within ANA leadership and decision-making

remains unrealized and elusive for all nurses of color.

One representative incident from 1939 involved

Estelle Massey Riddle Osborne, president of NACGN

from 1934-1939. In 1939, President Osborne was invited

by ANA President Julia C. Stimson to meet with ANA’s

Advisory Council to discuss the status of Black nurses

in the profession. The site of the meeting was the St.

Charles Hotel in New Orleans, where Black guests were

required to use the service entrance and freight elevator.

President Osborne called on ANA and President Stimson

to adamantly protest this discrimination. Instead of

protesting the discriminatory policy, President Stimson

offered to enter the hotel with President Osborne through

the service entrance. In the end, President Osborne

decided against attending and ANA failed to step into a

space of advocacy and support (Hine, 1989).

President Osborne was the first Black nurse to earn

a master’s degree in the U.S. and became the first Black

nurse elected to the ANA board in 1948. However, after

her four- year term, there were no Black nurses elected to

the board again until 1970 (Carnegie, 1991). This lack of

representation on the policy level for 22 years concerned

many Black nurses, and when it was brought up at ANA’s

1972 convention, it was communicated that the only

obligation of ANA from the dissolution of NACGN was

the awarding of the Mary Mahoney Award.

In 1965, ANA approved a position paper on nursing

education that recommended the minimum preparation

for “beginning professional nursing practice should be a

baccalaureate degree” (ANA, 1976). The stated rationale

for this change was the increasing complexity of nursing

activities and patient care. One result of ANA taking this

position was the disenfranchisement of institutions and

schools of nursing that were available to students of color

and the exclusion of nurses who graduated from those

programs. ANA sought to advance the educational level

of nurses without ensuring that all nurses would have the

same access to the education necessary to achieve the

desired educational level for entry into the profession.

There continues to be a need to examine how this policy

advances nursing today and to examine strategies for

ensuring that educational opportunities are equally

available to all students, especially students of color.

In 1970, Dr. Lauranne Sams organized a meeting with

200 Black nurses for the primary purpose of organizing

a Black nurse association. The group reported the

following concerns (Carnegie, 1991):

1. Concern over the absence of Black nurses in

leadership positions at ANA.

2. Limited opportunities for Black nurses to support and

shape ANA policies.

3. Persistent tokenism.

4. Limited recognition of Black nurses’ contributions to

the profession.

5. Lack of significant increases in the number of Black

registered nurses.

6. No recognition of achievement with awards (other

than the Mary Mahoney Award).

7. Limited appointments of Black nurses to committees

and commissions.

In 1973, in her first address to the newly created

National Black Nurses Association (NBNA), Dr.

Sams considered the question of why a Black Nurses

Association was needed:

“No, I am speaking about all the past deficits and

discriminatory practice which have continuously

disgraced and limited the full potential, the

development, the selfhood, and the self determination

of Black folk. I am speaking about today, Here and


In telling the history of the formation of the NBNA,

the article From Invisibility to Blackness: The Story

of the National Black Nurses’ Association by Gloria

R. Smith notes that there was a desire on the part of

the Nurses’ Associated Alumnae of the United States

August, September, October 2022 South Dakota Nurse Page 11

and Canada and ANA for Black nurses to be members,

but these professional associations granted them few

privileges “other than paying dues” (1975, p. 225).

Although by 1964 there were no tangible rules

preventing membership for nurses of color, it was evident

that exclusionary practices and a failure to represent all

nurses remained. Similar to the concerns raised by Black

nurses, in 1974, led by Dr. Ildaura Murillo- Rhode, a

group of 12 Hispanic nurses who were also members of

ANA came together to consider establishing a Hispanic

Nurses Caucus within ANA because “ANA was not

being responsive to the needs of Hispanic nurses”

(National Association of Hispanic Nurses, 2022).

Ultimately, this core group and their organizing efforts

led to the establishment of the National Association of

Hispanic Nurses (NAHN). Today, “NAHN members

advocate, educate, volunteer, seek partnerships, and

conduct programming in the Latino community to

improve outcomes, elevate literacy, heighten education,

and influence policy. We also work collaboratively with

others to improve health equity and to create a future

in which everyone regardless of race or ethnicity has

opportunities to be healthy.”

ANA recognizes that issues of racism persist today

and continue to harm nurses of color. Findings from

the Commission’s 2021 national survey on racism in

nursing (n = 5,600) noted that racist acts are principally

perpetrated by colleagues and those in positions of

power. Over half of nurses surveyed (63%) said they had

personally experienced an act of racism in the workplace

with the transgressors being either a peer (66%) or

a manager or supervisor (60%). Fifty-six percent of

respondents also noted that racism in the workplace has

negatively impacted their professional well-being. During

listening sessions with nurses of color convened by ANA

and the Commission, persistent themes of stereotyping,

prejudice, discrimination, exclusion, oppression,

tokenism, inequity, and insistence on conformity and

assimilation were found (National Commission, 2021).

The impact of these experiences is demoralization,

exhaustion, spirit murder (murder of the soul), invisible

workload, silence, invisibility and self-doubt.

“The power in nursing is primarily held by middleage

to old-age white women who have just recently

begun to consider racism in nursing care. There are

racist principles that have been carried down through

history and never challenged.”

(Anonymous Quote, National Commission to Address

Racism in Nursing, 2021)

Seeking Forgiveness

As leaders of ANA, we apologize for the named

and the unaccounted-for harms. Our past actions have

caused irreparable physiological, psychological and

socioeconomic harm, not only to nurses of color but to

all patients, families and communities that depend on

ANA as the national leader of the nursing profession. We

failed to live up to the professional values established

through the Code of Ethics for Nurses (ANA, 2015) and

our social contract that guides the relationship between

the nursing profession and society and their reciprocal

expectations (ANA, 2010). In addition, as ANA sought

to “professionalize” nursing, we failed to support a

robust education approach that included the appropriate

preparation to care for ALL our patients, especially

patients of color.

More specifically, we apologize to all nurses of

color. Not only is the profession richer for your having

persisted, but the people you cared for and continue to

care for today have been better served. ANA failed to

uphold your work and support you as you advanced in

nursing and worked to improve the profession. Having

failed you, ANA also failed in supporting and caring for

communities of color and other marginalized people.

We apologize to the ethnic-minority nurse

associations that have ably represented the needs of their

nurses and communities. Early in the profession’s history,

there was a stated desire for one association to meet the

needs of all nurses. ANA only represented the needs of

some nurses and some patients. Nurse leaders of color

stepped into the breach. ANA’s failure to lead resulted

in a fragmentation of the profession that contributed

to a fragmentation in nursing care for minoritized


Moving Forward

As important as it is to reconcile ANA’s history, our

path points toward the future and actions that should

be taken as a means of holding ANA accountable,

continuing reconciliation to repair the breach and

becoming a restored association. Each of the actions

below will lead to additional actions and efforts as ANA

continues the journey.

Therefore, the ANA Board of Directors will:

• Continue to reckon with and apologize for past

harms that are made known to ANA.

• Engage in direct reconciliation with each of the

ethnic-minority nurse associations.

• Develop and implement a diversity, equity and

inclusion impact analysis that is considered in all

policies and positions of the association.

• Initiate an oral history project dedicated to

amplifying the contributions by nurses of color to

ANA and the nursing professions.

Therefore, the American Nurses Association will:

• Continue to serve as a partner in and support

the National Commission to Address Racism in

Nursing as it strives to create antiracist practices

and environments.

• Advocate for and follow established guidance on

the reporting of race and ethnicity in professional

journals and publications.

• Advocate for appropriate representation and

inclusion in textbooks and other educational


• Actively engage in a program of diversity, equity

and inclusion within the association.

• Provide transparency into the race and ethnic

makeup of the ANA Board of Directors, leadership

and staff.

• Deliberately work to build diversity within ANA’s

volunteer and governance structure.


We, as ANA, are on a journey — a journey of

reckoning and reconciliation, forgiveness, and healing.

This journey will take some time, but it is one that ANA

is fully committed to. We invite others to join us as

ANA seeks to strengthen who we are as a professional

association and the broader nursing profession through

inclusion, diversity and equity as we strive for antiracist

nursing practices and environments.

“As nurses we need to unlearn much of what we

thought we knew about racism — and get comfortable

being uncomfortable about our profession and our own

way of being — need to see nursing through a new

lens and be open to what we might see versus stating

that racism does not exist.”

(Anonymous Quote, National Commission to Address

Racism in Nursing, 2021)


American Nurses Association. (2015). Code of ethics for

nurses with interpretive statements. American Nurses


American Nurses Association. (2010). Nursing’s social policy

statement: The essence of the profession. American

Nurses Association.

American Nurses Association. (1976). One strong voice: The

story of the American Nurses Association. American

Nurses Association.

Carnegie, M.E. (1991). The path we tread: Blacks in nursing,

1854-1990. National League for Nursing Press.

Hine, D.C. (1989). Black women in white: Racial conflict

and cooperation in the nursing profession 1890–1950.

Indiana University Press.

National Association of Hispanic Nurses. (2021). History.


National Commission to Address Racism in Nursing. (2021).

Defining Racism. final-defining-racism-june-2021.pdf


National Commission to Address Racism in Nursing. (2021).

Summary Report: Listening Sessions on Racism in

Nursing. final-racism-in-nursing-listening-sessionreport-june-2021.pdf


National Commission to Address Racism in Nursing.

(2022). Survey Shows Substantial Racism in Nursing.


Sams, L. (1973, September). Presidential Address. National

Black Nurses Association. Cleveland; Ohio.

Smith, G.R. (1975). From invisibility to blackness: The story of

the National Black Nurses Association. Nursing Outlook,

23(4), 225-229.

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